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Third edition 2006

ACI Airside Safety Handbook Authors: ACI World Operational Safety Subcommittee


ACI Airside Safety Handbook

AIRPORTS COUNCIL INTERNATIONAL

Third edition 2006

ACI AIRSIDE SAFETY HANDBOOK

PUBLISHED BY ACI WORLD HEADQUARTERS • GENEVA • SWITZERLAND

Authors: ACI World Operational Safety Subcommittee


DISCLAIMER

The information contained in this publication is subject to constant change in the light of changing requirements and regulations. No subscriber or other reader should act on the basis of any such information without referring to applicable laws and regulations and/or without taking appropriate professional advice. Although every effort has been made to ensure accuracy, Airports Council International (ACI) shall not be held responsible for loss or damage caused by errors, omissions, misprints or misinterpretation of the contents hereof. Furthermore ACI expressly disclaims all and any liability to any person, whether a purchaser of this publication or not, in respect of anything done or omitted, and the consequences of anything done or omitted, by any such person through reliance on the contents of this publication. No part of the Airside Safety Handbook may be reproduced, recast, reformatted or transmitted in any form by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or use of any information storage and retrieval system, without prior written permission from: Director, Safety/Technical Airports Council International P.O. Box 16 1215 Geneva 15 - Airport Switzerland Copies of this publication are available from: Publications Department Airports Council International P.O. Box 16 1215 Geneva 15 Airport Switzerland Tel. +41 22 717 8585 Fax. +41 22 717 8888 Email: aci@aci.aero Web: www.aci.aero

Š2006 Airports Council International All rights reserved

Disclaimer


ACI Airside Safety Handbook

CONTENTS Foreword Introduction

Chapter 1

8

Safety Management 8 11 13 14 15 15 17 17 25 26 26 28 29 33 34 35

36



36 36 38 38 39 40 40 41 44 44 45 46 47 49 49 50

Contents

1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16

Safety Management Systems (SMS) Risk Assessment and Control Workplace Health & Safety Staff Competencies, Training Requirements and Competency Checks Airside Inspections and Audits Asset Management – Fault Reporting and Rectification Fault Reporting Airside Driving, Training, and Use of Radio Telephony (RT) Operation of Vehicles Airside Airside Vehicle Permits Airside Construction Works FOD Prevention Adverse Weather Operations Promulgation of Information, Local Airport Instructions to Users Emergency and Contingency Planning Airside Security

Chapter 2 Apron Safety

2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15

Apron Layout and Markings Apron Installations Aircraft Visual Docking Guidance Systems (VDGS) Operation of Air Bridges Airside Road Markings and Signs Apron Control and Stand Allocation Apron Cleanliness Aircraft Fuelling Spillage Procedures Aircraft Marshalling Aircraft Turnaround Process and Audits Accident, Incident and Near-Miss Reporting Accident, Incident and Near-Miss Investigation and Analysis Passenger Evacuation Procedures Hazardous Materials

2.16 Emergency Equipment


CONTENTS

51 51 56 57 57 58 59 60 61 61 62 63 63 64

Chapter 3 Airside Safety

3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13

66

Chapter 4

78

Chapter 5

79

Chapter 6

80

Chapter 7

Airside Inspections Protection of Navigation Aids (NAVAIDS) Prevention of Runway Incursions Runway Friction Measurement Aerodrome Safeguarding Wildlife Hazards Airside Safety Committee Airside Safety Promotion Interface with Stakeholders Engine Run-Ups Helicopter Operations Special Flights Aircraft Recovery

Annexes Useful Documents Useful Websites Abbreviations Index

Contents




ACI Airside Safety Handbook

FOREWORD

Safety is top priority for the air transport industry ACI is proud to present the new and revised Airside Safety Handbook. This is an updated and expanded version of the previous Apron Safety Handbook (2nd edition, 1996), extended to cover the whole Movement Area, not just Aprons. Most of the material it contains has been distilled from excellent guidance material available from several large Civil Aviation Authorities around the world, ACI Member Airport operating and safety procedures, and ICAO material. The content of the handbook also builds upon the existing guidance in the ACI Policy Handbook. While remaining short and succinct, it provides checklists for action, as well as an explanation of risks to be assessed and means of mitigation available. As stated in the text, local risk assessments are inevitably necessary to the safe operation of an aerodrome. The subject of airside safety is of great importance to Airport Operators, who want to avoid or mitigate all foreseeable risks of accidents occurring - there are also important liability issues in case of an accident. These risks and issues have been discussed many times at ACI conferences and committee meetings - therefore, ACI feels that it has the responsibility to put forward a guide to best practice, to assist its members. It forms part of a coordinated approach to Safety Management Systems, which ACI recommends to its members. It complements the Aerodrome Bird Hazard Prevention and Wildlife Management Handbook (published 2005) and the Apron Markings and Signs Handbook (published 2001). ACI would like to acknowledge the contributions of several main authors, notably Ian Witter of BAA plc, and Thomas Romig from the ACI Headquarters staff. We would like to thank these individuals particularly, as well as other members of the ACI Operational Safety Subcommittee who have reviewed and edited the contents. We commend this Handbook to your attention.

Robert J. Aaronson Director General



Foreword


INTRODUCTION

This handbook has been produced to provide airside managers with a comprehensive, though not complete set of guidelines to enhance safety and prevent accidents and incidents at their aerodromes. Material has been provided by major aerodromes participating in ACI World Operational Safety Subcommittee and has been summarised to produce a concise document. The aim has been to produce a current “best practice” guidance document without being overly detailed – further details are available from the useful documents and websites listed in Sections 5 and 6. This handbook is a guide to airside safety. It is written for airside managers and builds on previous work by ACI – namely the Apron Safety Handbook. The remit of this handbook has been widened to include a number of selected topics relating to safe operations in airside areas. Aviation throughout the world continues to grow, aerodromes become busier and more congested and the number of flights and the size of aircraft increase. The requirement for an aerodrome operator is to facilitate this growth in a safe environment for airport users, staff and aircraft. Various bodies have produced both regulations and guidance covering a number of aspects of airside safety, both nationally and internationally, including from within the industry. This handbook is intended to complement such material by offering guidance in areas perhaps not covered in sufficient detail. It updates and brings together the best elements of managing airside safety from current experience of those involved in this important task from aerodromes around the world. The aim has been to keep the contents brief yet relevant.

Introduction




ACI Airside Safety Handbook

CHAPTER 1

Safety Management 1.1.0.

Safety Management Systems (SMS)

1.1.1.

Policy An aerodrome should have a formally adopted safety policy or safety objective endorsed by the Chief Executive or Chairman of the Board to confirm senior management commitment. This safety policy should clearly state its objective, and provide a timeframe and a detailed plan (processes) It should also define a strategy to implement the company’s workplace health and safety policy. The policy should incorporate measures to assess and control (eliminate or reduce) the hazards associated with business. A general policy should include but not be limited to measures that will:

• • • • • • •

Protect employees Assess all risks to health and safety caused by business Provide adequate hazard controls for affected parties (including customers, third parties, etc.) whether safety or health related Encourage consultation with employees and the airside community Provide and maintain equipment Provide suitable instruction, training and other information Eliminate or reduce accidents, incidents and near-misses

The policy will need to be reviewed on a regular basis to ensure that the changing safety and hazard requirements of the business are always met. The responsibility for the implementation of an SMS lies with all line managers and employees. Organisations may also have a specifically designated safety manager who monitors and assists in the implementation and audits compliance.



1.1.2.

Personnel Personnel should be given ongoing training in all tasks they can reasonably be expected to carry out to ensure a high level of proficiency. Staff should demonstrate their continuing ability to carry out the tasks required of them and this should be recorded for the term of employment by the organisation (see Section 1.4 – Staff Competencies, Training Requirements and Competency Checks).

1.1.3.

Processes Processes should be in place to accomplish the organisation’s safety policy objectives. These cover a wide spectrum of activities – from aerodrome duty teams to the review of overall airside safety trends – and form a key part of the Aerodrome Manual.

Chapter 1


ACI World PO Box 16 1215 Geneva 15 - Airport Switzerland

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ACI Airside Safety Handbook  

A handbook that provides airside managers with a comprehensive, though not complete, set of guidelines to enhance safety and prevent acciden...

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