KECAMATAN DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM AND ENVIRONMENT (PNPM-GREEN) IN SULAWESI Component 3: Awareness Raising and Training (TF-090977) PROVINCE: SOUTH AND SOUTH EAST SULAWESI
QUARTERLY REPORT 03/2012 Reporting Period: [1 July – 31 October 2012] For THE WORLD BANK - INDONESIA Dr. Edi Purwanto (Version: 29 October 2012)
Cover: Mangrove planting campaigns involving students in Ampekale, Bontoa, Maros
List of Abbreviation and Acronym Bappeda BUMDES BPDAS BLM BPD CCB CDD CSO Demplots DPRD FKL IGA IEC KVC KVG KPMD Korprov Korkab Korcam LEM MAD ‘My Darling’ Car NRM PSF PL PLTS PJOK Perdes Perda RAB RE Setrawan SDA SKPD TTG TPK OWT PMD UPK QR VCO
Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Daerah, Development Planning Agency at district/province level Badan Usaha Milik Desa, village owned enterprise Watershed management Centre, technical implementing unit of the Ministry of Forestry Bantuan Langsung Masyarakat, government grant directly send to community coordinating body’s (UPK) bank account Badan Perwakilan Desa, Village representative council Coconut shell charcoal briquette Community driven development Civil Service Organization/Non Government Organization Demonstration Plots Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah (District Parliament) Green-PNPM facilitator at kecamatan level (consultant) Income Generating Activity Information Education and Communication Key village champions Key Village government Kader Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Desa, village development cadre Consultant coordinator at province level Koordinator Kabupaten, OWT Coordinator at district level Kordinator Kecamatan, OWT staff at sub-district level Lembaga Ekonomi Masyarakat, village owned enterprise (BUMDES) Inter-villages meetings at sub-district level ‘Masyarakat Sadar Lingkungan’ (Environmental awareness community) car. Natural resources management PNPM Support Facility Pembantu Lapangan, FKL assistance at sub-district level Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Surya (Solar Photovoltaic) Government official in charge in operating the PNPM-Green at kecamatan level Peraturan Desa, village regulation Peraturan Daerah, district regulation Rencana Anggaran Biaya, project cost proposal Renewable energy, energi baru terbarukan PNS fasilitator, Civil servant facilitator Sumberdaya alam, natural resources Satuan kerja perangkat daerah, district agencies Teknologi tepat guna, appropriate technology. Tim Pelaksana Kegiatan, Team work in charge on executing project at village level Operation Wallacea Trust Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Desa, Rural Community Development Office at central/province/district level Unit Pelaksana Kegiatan, implementing unit, PNPM Organization at Kecamatan level which is in charge in administering PNPM funding. Quarterly Report Virgin Coconut Oil
OWT – QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July – 31 October 2012)| 2
Table of Content Page 4
Management and Financial Issues
A. Management Issues B. Financial Issues
Challenges and Remedial Actions over the Reporting Period
A. Efforts to smooth out our exit strategy on three targeted districts in South Sulawesi Province (Lesson Learned No. 40/2012)
PNPM-Green Beneficiaries stories
A. Lights break the darkness of Tanjung Village: solar photovoltaic sub-project
in the remote village (Success story No. 23/2012) B. Replication of CCB home industries by 2012 PNPM-Green in Muna District (Success story No. 24/2012)
C. Changing generator fuel from benzene to gas (Success story No. 25/2012)
D. Bakko Lestari Women Group: Restoring mangrove forest and developing fish cracker home industry (Success story No. 26/2012)
E. Sipurio Farmer Group, InalipuE Village, Tanasitolo, Wajo: Improved horticulture farming using water weed (Eichomia crasipes) organic liquid fertilizer (Success story No. 27/2012)
F. Pajukukang Village having village regulation on bride (groom) tree planting (Success story No. 28/2012)
Appendix 1: Link of Project Activities Against Performance Indicators SE Sulawesi Province
Appendix 2: Completed activities against workplan until October 2012 in
South-east Sulawesi Province Appendix 3: Completed activities against workplan until October 2012 in
South Sulawesi Province Appendix 4: Photo Galleries
OWT â€“ QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July â€“ 31 October 2012)| 3
I. Background A. PNPM-Green: It is a pilot-project which is designed in part to mainstream natural resource management and renewable energy issues within the core operations of the national PNPM-Rural program. On Sulawesi Island (North Sulawesi, South Sulawesi, West Sulawesi, and Southeast Sulawesi), PNPM-Green has been active since 2008, and in 2010, the pilot program expanded into four provinces on Sumatra Island (Aceh, North Sumatra, West Sumatra and Bengkulu). A key component of PNPMGreen – to which approximately USD 5.3 million has been allocated – is the technical assistance provided by Indonesian and international civil society organizations (CSO). The CSO partners are responsible for delivering environmental awareness raising and training activities to the pilot’s community beneficiaries and local government officials to assist in the design and implementation of viable ‘green subprojects’. These sub-projects are financed through the PNPM-Green block grants and are focused in improved NRM practices, environmental conservation, environmentally-sound income generating activities, and RE. As PNPM-Green is currently designed, there is CSO coverage in the eight target provinces. B. Operation Wallacea Trust (OWT): It is a CSO has Grant Agreement with the World Bank to conduct environmental awareness and training to local community and PNPM-Green actors at village and kecamatan (sub-district) level and mainstreaming sustainable development at districts and province level in the Pilot PNPM-Green in South (S) and South East (SE) Sulawesi Province. Total grant agreed for this contract agreement until October 2012 is USD 1,446, 600. C. OWT intervention and approach: Since 2008, our interventions have been focused at village and sub-district level, in the form of environmental awareness and training, technical assistance and facilitation to ensure the program and its associated blockgrant will enable to raise the quality of beneficiaries’ livelihoods. Community based environmental program will only be sustainable if they enable to open new opportunities to local community livelihoods. Natural resource management (NRM) and renewable energy (RE) initiatives within PNPM-Green will only be sustainable if they can enhance income generating activity (IGA) or reduce poor household expenditure. Green block-grant only acts as a ‘starter’ or ‘stimulant’, whether those end-up to environment and livelihoods improvement or not will heavily depend on the quality of community facilitation. Taking this in mind, the success of PNPM-Green will require extra ordinary facilitation efforts at grass-root level.
II. Executive Summary 0.1. Reporting period: As this is the last quarter report of TF 090977 (July – September 2012) while the project is terminated on October 31, 2012, therefore, a part from financial issues, some major activities during the last month of the project (October) will also be covered by the report. 0.2. OWT full facilitation supports on PNPM-Green pilots in S and SE Sulawesi: Under TF-090977, during the reporting period, OWT has provided full supports in two provinces in Sulawesi, i.e. SE Sulawesi (since November 2007) and S Sulawesi (since April 2012). Based on the fifth amendment of Grant Agreement (14 March 2012), we received ‘Additional Grant’ of USD 296,950 until 31 October 2012. Considering that OWT – QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July – 31 October 2012)| 4
the effective start of S Sulawesi activities was two months delay, while we need to strengthen exit strategy in both provinces, in mid June 2012, we submitted revised workplan in Sulawesi along with revised budget and procurement plan to support our proposed no-cost extension until 31 December 2012. After passing several uncertainties, the no-cost extension was not able to be conducted. The main reason was that the planned closing date of the project (October 31, 2010) has already been extended for two years (October 31, 2012). The impacts of no cost extension are a bit severe for the exit strategy in South Sulawesi Province, as we have only completed 6 out of 8 months workplan. Many collaborative events planned to be organized with government at district and province level (planned to be held in November and December 2012; the months where government have organize many meetings) to promote PNPM-Green smart practices have not yet been implemented either in South-east and South Sulawesi Provinces. While on the ground level there was a hard exit of our facilitation activities in South Sulawesi. To smooth out the process, we will maintain our presence in three districts in South Sulawesi by maintaining the services of our key local staff (using our own funding) at least until December 31, 2012. The summary of completed activities against workplan is presented in Appendix 2 and Appendix 3. 0.3. PNPM-Green facilitation sites in Sulawesi under TF-090977: SE Sulawesi: Muna, Buton and Kolaka Districts, which are composed of 9 sub-districts (kecamatan). Buton District: Pasarwajo, Sampolawa, and Mawasangka; Muna District: Tongkuno, Lawa, and Napabalano; Kolaka District: Ladongi, Lambandia and Watubangga. S Sulawesi: Maros, Wajo and Tana Toraja Districts, which are composed of 9 sub-districts. Maros District: Marusu, Tompobulu and Bontoa; Wajo District: Bola, Takkalalla and Tanasitolo; Tana Toraja District: Gandang Batu Sillanan (Gandasil); Sangala Selatan and Bonggakaradeng (Bongkar). 0.4. The stage of PNPM-Green Cycle during the reporting period: During the reporting period, both provinces for 2012 fiscal year has reached implementation phase. The level of implementation development varies from site to site, but in general except for tree plantings (which are still waiting for stable rainy season in Sulawesi), 40-80% block-grants have been disbursed. Some sub-projects have reached 100%. 0.5. Supported PNPM-Green impact (spill-over) study Team (PSP3-IPB and Equator) in South and SE Sulawesi: We facilitated the field visit of Mr. Steffen Johnson and Equator staff to visit South Sulawesi in Maros and Wajo, Kendari and Kolaka (SE Sulawesi). We facilitated PSP3-IPB Team (Ibu Santi and Pak Sofyan and field team) to conduct FGD to understand the impact of cashew processing sub-project (2009) in Saragih and Lapodi Villages (Pasarwajo, Buton). We also facilitated the visit of Equator Field Team to Mawasangka (Buton) and Bola (Wajo). 0.6. Our principle facilitations in both provinces during the last three months: (a) together with Green-Facilitators facilitated PNPM cycle to ensure that the process follow the spirits of community driven development; (b) provided awareness rising, training and field technical assistances to PNPM key actors and stakeholders; (c) inspired and trained local communities with new relevant appropriate technologies (TTG) to enhance NRM and IGA; (d) final revision of training manual on catchment area rehabilitation and protection and make them ready for printing and publication; OWT â€“ QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July â€“ 31 October 2012)| 5
(e) developed the second (September Edition) and the third edition (October Edition) of Lestari Desaku Magazine; (f) prepared exit-strategy on the maintenance and development of PNPM-Green investment; (i) strengthened community institution (Village Regulation; business development and marketing); (ii) enhanced sense of ownership of relevant key development agents, i.e. extension workers, key village government/KVG and key village champions/KVC at village and (sub) district level; (iii) enhanced sense of ownership of politicians (DPRD) and government; (g) Promotion of PNPM-Green smart practices beyond the project pilot sites. 0.7. Specific facilitations in SE Sulawesi Province: (a) Enhanced practical skill of 2012’s tree planting sub-project beneficiaries on land preparation, tree planting and agroforestry development; (b) Refresher training on the procedure and formulation of Village Regulation; (c) Conducted faith based environmental awareness during Ramadhan (Moslem fasting time); (d) Mainstreamed PNPM-Green at grass-root level through film screening and interactive dialogs at sub-village level during the night using ‘My Darling’ car; (f) Facilitated secondary school students on tree planting campaigns; (g) Established demo-plot on Jamur Merang (Straw Mushroom); (h) Distributed framed posters and Lestari Desaku Magazines (i) Facilitated Danida support on the establishment of organic fertilizer village enterprise; (i) Promote PNPM-Green beyond the pilot sites. The detail list of activities during the reporting period and its link to Performance Indicators is presented in Appendix 1 of the report. 0.8. Specific facilitations conducted in S Sulawesi Province:(a) Mainstreamed PNPM-Green at grass-root level through film screening and interactive dialogs at subvillage level during the night using ‘My Darling’ car; (b) Provided technical assistances on biogas installation and organic fertilizer development; (c) Facilitated the establishment of income generating activities for women groups on plastic waste handicraft, fish crackers making, mangrove fat fattening and straw mushroom; (e) Capacity building of Village government (Village Head and BPD) and Setrawan on Village environmental management; (d) Organized mangrove planting campaign involving fishery students representatives from Java and Sulawesi; (e) Support environmental education on secondary schools; (i) Promoted TTG to convert benzene fuel to gas; (j) Facilitated Danida support on the establishment of organic fertilizer village enterprise; (k) Distributed framed posters and Lestari Desaku Magazines; (l) Installed awareness boards; (m) Promote PNPM-Green smart practices beyond the pilot sites. 09. The major outputs of our facilitation during the last six months (April-October) in South Sulawesi Province: (a) Community convinced with the benefit of biogas installation. The failure of several biogas sub-projects in Tanralili Sub-district (Maros/2010) had declined the eligibility of Biogas sub-projects for year 2011 and 2012. We restored the trust of PNPM-Green stakeholders on biogas. We demonstrated the high performance and multi-used of biogas; As results, many households in Tana Toraja District have replicated biogas sub-projects with their own resources (swadaya). At presents, there are 20 households on the waiting list to receive our technical facilitation; (b) We convinced Tana Toraja District government on the Green activities, they have been ready to replicate all green activities initiated by PNPMGreen (especially, biogas, organic fertilizer development and tree planting); (c) Our intensive on-the ground facilitation have provided strong support to PNPM-Green facilitators, especially to speed-up the completion of 2011 and 2012 sub-projects: (d) OWT – QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July – 31 October 2012)| 6
Our intensive stakeholders promotion has driven local government (SKPD) and NGOs ownership to the PNPM-Green program; (e) Local NGOs1 have been trained and strongly inspired on PNPM-Green smart practices and our facilitation approaches; (f) Our intensive awareness (through ‘My Darling Car’, distribution of awareness material/posters, leaflet, VCD films, stickers etc.) have improved local community awareness on environmental problem and alternative solution, especially on the possible environmentally sound sub-projects in their villages; (g) Through our intensive innovation, local community have taken lot of benefits on the conversion of benzene to gas (at present, about 500 farmers had applied this); the use of organic waste become liquid and solid organic fertilizer; the use of plastic waste for handicraft; fish processing for chips and crackers etc; (h) Our environmental education on elementary and secondary school have created good models for local content curriculum and enabled SMAII and SMA III Sengkang to receive Adiwiyata awards. The detail list of activities during the reporting period and its link to Performance Indicators is presented in Appendix1 of the report. Some new developments, approaches and important facilitations during the reporting period are highlighted below: Performance Indicator 1: Well-trained PNPM-Green facilitators and other local PNPM stakeholders, who can ignite and facilitate ‘green’ projects within PNPM, not limited to those within PNPM-Green Target Locations. 1.1. Facilitated coordination meeting at district level in S and SE Sulawesi: We regularly facilitate monthly coordination meeting with key PNPM-Green actors and stakeholders at district level. 1.2. Training for facilitators, Astal and TPK and member of maintenance team on the assessment of tree seedling in Maros, South Sulawesi: Many PNPM-Green actors lack of knowledge and skills to assess seeds and tree seedlings quality, as results many planting activities failed. The training also included tree nursery, Jabon2 seed extraction and agroforestry development. The training held in Agro-Wisata Hotel, Tompobulu, Maros (20-21 September) and attended by 60 participants (45 male, 15 female). 1.3. Published Information Education and Communication (IEC) materials: (a) Published and distributed the second and the third edition of ‘Lestari Desaku’ magazine: We prepared the second and the third edition of Lestari Desaku magazine. The focus of the second edition: Menuai Berkah Dari Limbah: Kiat 1
List of NGOs: Tana Toraja: Kombongan Situru, Daya Karya Mandiri and Toraja Rural Development; Mamasa: Miluh Mamasa; Luwu Utara: DAS Rongkong; Sulawesi Province: Jurnal Celebes, FIK, ICJ and SCF. 2 Due to its tiny seeds, farmers often experience difficulties to extract and germinate the seeds. The implication: farmers have to rely on the supply of Jabon Merah seeds and seedlings from Java, which is expensive (7 – 10 millions/kg), while vulnerable against poor growth and productivity. Jabon Merah (Anthocephalus cadamba) is being the most preference fast growing tree species in Sulawesi, as the timber is highly suitable for building construction; the tree stem is straight, while its free branch is higher than other common fast growing species such as Gmelina arborea (Jati Putih) or Albizia falcataria (Sengon). Due to its tiny seeds, farmers often experience difficulties to extract and germinate the seeds. The implication: farmers have to rely on the supply of Jabon Merah seeds and seedlings from Java, which is expensive (7 – 10 millions/kg), while vulnerable against poor growth and productivity. OWT – QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July – 31 October 2012)| 7
Memberdayakan Pasukan Mikroba; Transforming waste into grace: Strategy to empower microorganism troop. While the focus of the third edition is: Pembiakan Vegetatif tanaman Buah: Kini menanam and esok memanen. Vegetative propagation of fruit trees; planting now, harvesting tomorrow. The second edition was published on September, while the third edition is on October 2012. Both are printed for 3000 copies and distributed to key PNPM-Green stakeholders. (b) Published multi-uses of biogas poster, printed for 1500 copies. (c). Revised and published 8 manuals on Catchment Area Management Protection and Rehabilitation: During the last three years, we developed 8 manuals on catchment area protection and management and had been tried out on several trainings. We used to copy those manuals for paqrticipants; After training delivery, we used to make regular revisions, based on feed-back received during the trainings, During this quarter, we made final revision of 8 manuals: (a) Concept of protection and rehabilitation of catchment areas; (b) Mapping catchment areas; (c) Generative propagation of tree seedlings; (d) Vegetative propagation of fruit trees; (e) Techniques of planting and maintenance; (f) Agroforestry; (g) Mangrove rehabilitation; (h) Cultivation of straw and oyster mushroom. Each manual is printed for 1000 copies. The eight manuals will be distributed to PNPM-Green facilitators, key village champions, schools and district offices, i.e. Forestry, Agriculture, Environmental and BPMD offices. (c) Installed metal environmental awareness boards in South Sulawesi Province: We designed and installed awareness boards which relevant to the local environmental issues, such as the use of organic waste; the need to protect watershed forest area, village protection areas etc. During the quarter, we installed 6 awareness boards in Toraja District and 7 awareness boards in Wajo District. (d) Installed framed environmental posters in South and Southeast Sulawesi Provinces: We installed 50 wooden/aluminium framed environmental posters on every district and installed on strategic sites, such as at district agency offices, village halls, restaurants, schools etc. As during the last six months, we developed three posters, so we installed 150 posters for each district or 900 framed posters for 6 districts. (e) Developed film on straw mushroom cultivation: We developed straw mushrroom cultivation based on film shooting in Yogyakarta and Krawang.
Performance Indicator 2: Local community members (including women) who are aware of environmental issues and sustainable natural resource decisions that they can participate in. 2.1. Development and promotion of appropriate technologies: We continuously develop environmentally sound TTG applicable on rural community and facilitated its adoption. In this Quarter, we have introduced six TTG: (a) Jamur merang/straw mushroom: In addition of the King Oyster Mushroom (Jamur Tiram) we had introduced during the first quarter (QR 01/2012), during the third quarter, we established Jamur merang demo-plot in Ladongi (Kolaka, SE Sulawesi) and trained key village champions on Jamur Merang cultivation. For future development, we also sent five village champions (Pak Mansyur/Maros, OWT â€“ QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July â€“ 31 October 2012)| 8
Dina/Wajo, Yesaya Famay/Tana Toraja, Gusti Kusuma/Kolaka, Irpan/Kendari) to learn Jamur Merang in Yogyakarta and Krawang (West Java). Straw mushroom is developed on straw (jerami) growth media and suitable for warm climate. The benefits of straw mushroom cultivation: (i) suitable to grow in low-land areas (warm weather); (ii) enable to use straw, which widely considered as low value agriculture (rice) side-product; (iii) ready to harvest within 24 days; (iv) this can be developed on various scales; (v) high market demand and financially sound. We also developed the Film and the Manual of straw mushroom cultivation. (b) Making liquid fertilizer from livestock-dungs and vegetable market waste: So far, liquid fertilizer was used to develop from biogas slurry. Considering the limited number of biogas installation, since July 2012, we have introduced technique to develop liquid fertilizer from livestock (cows) dung. The fresh dung is stored in the anaerobic tube; spray with EM4 solution, after about two weeks, the liquid fertilizer can be tapped. The remaining waste (decomposed dung) can be developed for manure by mixing with decomposed rice husk and dust saw. Using similar process, liquid fertilizer can be developed from market organic waste and kitchen housholds. Since July 2012, we developed several demo-plots in Wajo District (Tanasitolo, Takkalalla and Bola). See Photo 7 and Photo 8. (c) Making Phosphor (P) liquid fertilizer: The liquid fertilizer described above contained multi nutrients. In many cases plant may experience a single nutrient deficiency, such as lack of N only or P only. Since August 2012, we introduced technique to make single nutrient organic fertilizer. As realized that some organic waste contains a particular dominant nutrient. Chicken dung contains 80% Phosphor, cow and goat dungs contain 60% Nitrogen, and the inner part (core) of banana trees contains 85% Phosphor. Since July 2012, we introduced Phosphor organic fertilizer made of banana trees. The development process is similar with the making liquid fertilizer from vegetable. Since July 2012, we developed several demo-plots in Wajo District. (d) Making brick out of waste bottles: Several types of waste bottles are priceless and normally throw into garbage disposal and take years to decompose. We can use the waste bottle for glass brick. (e) Developed local fabricated machine for CCB making (Rara Village): Normal fabricated CCB machine as previously procured in Balabone Village, Mawasangka (Buton) cost more than IDR 100 millions and brought from Surabaya; We facilitated Rara villagers (Ladongi, Kolaka)/the beneficiary of 2012 PNPM-Green Sub-project to design and develop small-scale CCB machine (10 horse power) which can be prepared by local workshop. The total cost was 12 millions. The machine can also be used to chop organic waste materials. See Photo 6. (f) Vegetative Propagation for fruit trees: There are many emerging techniques to produce fruit trees planting materials enabling to plant now and to harvest tomorrow (kini menanam, esok memanen). We trained vegetative propagation for fruit trees to farmers groups such as cutting (stek), budding (okulasi), grafting (sambung), air layering (cangkok). We facilitated farmer groups who manage village nursery to establish root-stock (lower stump) established from generative propagation and to select potential mother trees as a source of entres (cutting) in the village. OWT â€“ QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July â€“ 31 October 2012)| 9
2.2. Facilitated women group to develop productive activities in S Sulawesi: We put special attention of our relatively short facilitation to help women groups to develop productive activities from their abundant resources: 2.2.1. Bakko Lestari Women Group, Ampekale Village, Bontoa, Maros: We facilitated the development of mangrove nursery (Bakko Lestari). To stimulate voluntary activity for mangrove rehabilitation, since June 2012, we facilitated the establishment of income generating activity, i.e. fish-chips home industry; Kerupuk Kepiting, Kerupuk Udang and Amplang. We trained how to make the high quality and hygienic products using local fish product and also train them on the packaging. Since July 2012, the group has actively produced the product on weekly basis. We linked the product to several shops in Maros and Makassar. In response to the increase production scale, in September 2012, we granted cooking machines (mixer, blender and freezer) and kitchen utensil. We also facilitated the establishment of public library for children. 2.2.2. Loro Lestari Women Group, Botolempangan Village, Bontoa, Maros: The group had received 2011 PNPM-Green block-grant which use for plastic waste handicraft training; they did not follow-up the training into action as the group did not have a sewing machine. In June 2012, we granted one sewing machine. The grant has stimulated the group to produce creative products. On August, we promoted the products in the Ramadhan Exhibition held in Makassar (8-9 August 2012). The products (50 plastic bags) were sold out in one evening. This has fuelled their spirits to enhance the production quantity. In response to their request, and considering the development of the group, in September we added two sewing machines. 2.2.3. Mekar Women Group, Nepo Village, Tanasitolo, Wajo: The group was originally focused on silk weaving (tenun sutra). In July 17, 2012, we trained the group on plastic waste handicraft. In response to the great spirits of the group, in August we granted two sewing machines, and added with another machine in September. Nepo is an ecotourism village located near Tempe Lake. There are many western tourists visiting the village to see the Lake and also the traditional silk weaving. 2.3. Training for tree planting sub-project beneficiaries in South and SE Sulawesi Provinces: Until the fifth year of PNPM-Green implementation the sub-projects are still dominated by tree planting. In September 2012, we delivered training on tree planting and maintenance on several sub-districts in Buton, Muna and Kolaka3. In SE Sulawesi Province, we provided tree planting technical assistance on 5 selected villages on each sub-district (2011 and 2012). This includes: (a) Assisted TPK to organize bidding of tree seedling procurement; (b) Verification on the quality of tree seedlings; (c) Verification the number of planted tree seedlings to compare with Budget planning (RAB); (d) Facilitation of planting activities to ensure that every single tree seedling will be planted properly according to its light demand, cropping
Buton: Pasarwajo (September, 2012); Muna: Lawa (Lagadi, Lalemba, Latompe, Lapadaku Villages). Napabalano (Pentiro, Lambiku, Lakumapo and Napalakura); Tongkuno (Tombula, Fongkaniwa, Danagowa). Kolaka: Ladongi (12 -17 July), Watubangga (18-22 July), Lambandia (23 – 28 July). OWT – QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July – 31 October 2012)| 10
pattern (open area or enrichment planting), physiographic of the planting sites (gentle or steep slope) etc. 2.4. One day Maintenance Team training in three sub-districts in Kolaka: During September, we delivered Maintenance Team training in Lambandia, Ladongi and Watubangga. We invited two persons for each village to attend the training. The total participants of three sub-districts were 135 persons. We trained how to maintain sub-projects conducted during the last two years (2010 and 2011) which cover NRM, RE and IGA and facilitated participants to visit well-maintained sub-project on several villages. 2..5. Two days training for KPMD in Ladongi and Lambandia sub-districts, Kolaka: To prepare exit strategy, we trained KPMD on relevant topics for two days (19 and 20 July 2012): First day: (a) Waste identification on each village potential for income generating activities; (b) Practical exercise on fruit trees vegetative propagation; (c) Utilization of agriculture waste and products suitable for livestock fodder. Second day: (a) Identification on village resource potentital/iincluding PNPM-Green assets which can be developed and managed as village enterprise (Bumdes); (b) Procedure to develop Bumdes. Total participants were 41 persons (26 male, 15 female). 2.6. Completed Perdes Formulation Facilitation on bride(grom) trree planting in Pajukukang Village, Bontoa, Maros: Since June 2012, we facilitated Perdes Development on tree planting for bride (groom) candidates as requirement to have marital certificate. The facilitation held in Pajukukang Village, Bontoa, Maros. The village regulation was legalized by Law Section (District Secretary) in Maros District on August 2, 2012 (see Beneficiary Success story). 2.7. Completed second round film screening through ‘My Darling’ car in SE Sulawesi and first round in South Sulawesi Province: Since July 2012; we completed the second round of awareness rising through ‘My Darling’ car for disseminating environmental issues. Until the end of September ‘May Darling’ awareness has been completed the second round for SE Sulawesi Province (100% villages visited) while for South Sulawesi we have just completed the first round; in which 70% of the targeted villages were visited. 2.8. Organized faith based environmental awareness during fasting time in SE Sulawesi Province: The environmental awareness during fasting time (Ramadhan) conducted on the Mosque about few hours before fast breaking (15.30 – 17.50). We invited local preacher to deliver environmental sermon. Then we followed-up with actions plan facilitation at local level4.
Sampolawa, Buton: Lapodi (28 July), Windumakmur (3 August). Gunung Sejuk (7 August), Lipumangau (17 August). Tongkuno, Muna: Tanjung (29 July), Oempu (30 July), Lakologou (1 August), Danagoa (2 August), Lahontohe (4 August), Wuna (5 August). Lawa, Muna: Watumela (9 August), Lagadi (10 August), Wamelai (11 August), Lalemba (12 August), Madampi (13 August), Latompe (14 August). Napabalano, Muna: Pentiro (13 August), Tampo (14 August), Napalakura (15 August). Pasarwajo Sub-district (4 August) and Mawasangka Sub-district (11 August). Ladongi, Kolaka: Lembah Subur, Anggalosi, Lalowosula; Lambandia: Lere Jaya, Pomburea. Watubangga, Kolaka: Gunungsari, Tandebura. OWT – QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July – 31 October 2012)| 11
2.9. Facilitated the development of solar-dryer and photovoltaic maintenance in Sampolawa Sub-district, Buton: We conducted those activities as previously did in Mawasangka Sub-diistrict (QR 03/2012). Solar-dryer in Jaya Bakti (12-13 July); Facilitated the maintenance on solar photovoltaic maintenance: Gerak Makmur (14 July), Windumakmur (14 July), Lapandewa Makmur (14 July). 2.10. Provided technical assistance on village nursery development in South Sulawesi Province: We identified the problem and provided supports, such as Kahulungaya Village (Pasarwajo, Buton); Atula, Gunung Jaya, Putemata (Ladongi, Kolaka). Mokupa and Tinete (Lambandia, Kolaka); Gunungsari and Kastura (Watubangga, Kolaka) 2.11. Facilitated additional Danida fund to establish organic fertilizer workshop in Dangia Village (Ladongi, Kolaka) and Bontoa Village (Bontoa, Maros): Danida through his Advisor (Mr. Soren Moestrup) provided additional fund (IDR 40 million) to follow-up enthusiastic groups who have received PNPM-Green block-grant. The list of eligible groups of each sub-district were proposed by FKL during Danida NRM Training, while the final selection was decided by Danida. The Danida fund was channeled and administered by CSO. We facilitated two projects, both are dealing with organic fertilizer development. Both groups, first in Bontoa (Maros, S Sulawesi) and second in Dangia (Ladongi, S Sulawesi) have received block-grant for organic fertilizer training. Danida provided fund to build processing house and facilities (including chopping machine) for organic fertilizer production and packaging. We have completed the facilitation process of both groups. The machine hand-over of Bontoa group was conducted on October 24, 2012 (see Photo xx), while the Dania group was conducted by Pak Soren on November 1, 2012. Performance Indicator 3.Adoption by regional governments of natural resources governance issues as an integral part of the policy development and decision making process. 3.1. Socialization OWT roles and promotion of PNPM-Green in South Sulawesi Province: Despite PNPM-Green has been operated about five years, there are many key stakeholders at district level who have been unfamiliar with the program. The underlined reasons: (a) frequent tour of duty of key government persons at district level; (b) lack of coordination with key stakeholders at district level. In response to the problems, we made use the socialization of our roles in Tana Toraja, Wajo and Maros Districts to refresh the commitments of key stakeholders at district level to the program. The activities have resulted significant supports to PNPM-Green: (a) Tana-Toraja: BPDAS Saddang and Tana Toraja District Forestry Agency supplied tree seedlings to support our planting campaigns involving secondary students and local community. We have excellent collaboration to organize planting campaign during the celebration of World Environmental Day (5 June 2012); we also assisted them to plant the remaining tree seedlings stock from Kebun Bibit Rakyat (KBR, community nursery facilitated by BPDAS and Forestry District Agency) which have been over-mature in the nursery and need urgent planting before dry season coming. OWT â€“ QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July â€“ 31 October 2012)| 12
(b) Wajo: (i) Wajo District Education Agency have supported us to provide NRM training and development of nursery, biogas and organic fertilizer demplots on the secondary schools yards involving students; (ii) Wajo District Forestry Service and Environment Agency (BPLHD) support our regreening initiatives on brick making industrial areas in Tanasitolo, Wajo; (iii) BPLHD allocated working room in their office for OWT staff. (c) Maros: (i) BPMD together with us to organize 1000 tree seedlings planting during Jambore PNPM (25 June 2012), held in Leang-Leang, Bantimurung, Maros; (ii) Maros District Environmental Agency involved our weekly environmental awareness discussion in the Radio. 3.2. Organized the participation of SKPD on PNPM-Green planting in Tana Toraja: To stimulate SKPD ownership on tree planting campaigns, on July 19-20, 2012, we invited SKPD (Forestry, Agriculture and BPMD) to take part on planting campaigns event together with local community in Gandasil and Sangala Selatan subdistricts; On this event, we also received thousands of tree seedling contribution from BPDAS and Tana Toraja District Forestry Office. 3.3. Collaborative green actions with Danamon Bank, Ladongi Sub-district: We invited Danamon Bank Branch Ladongi to support collaborative green actions on the capital of Ladongi Sub-district. The activities included: (a) Planting (shelter) trees along the main road, i.e. Mahagony 2500 seedlings; Trembesi 500 seedlings, Palm 500 seedling; (b) Installed 30 garbage bins; (c) Distributed 250 t-shirt. All the cost related to the program implementation is funded by the promotion fund of Danamon Bank. 3.4. Facilitated environmental education for students in S Sulawesi: We received great support from the Head of Wajo District Education Agency to deliver environmental education for elementary and secondary school students; (a) we delivered training and facilitation on the making of organic fertilizer (solid and liquid), nursery and biogas on SMA II and SMA III Sengkang and SMA I Bola; (b) Training for key secondary school teachers on the development of local content environmental education curriculum and introduction of PNPM-Green smart practices; (c) facilitated day-to-day environmental education in SMA II Sengkang-Wajo; the school has recently received ‘Adiwiyata’ (environmental education) award from the Ministry of Environment. 3.5. Revitalized green education program in Kolaka District: To revitalize one teacher one tree program (sagu sapo: satu guru satu pohon) launched in 2009 by Kolaka District Education Agency, we introduced one student one tree program or samu sapo: satu murid satu pohon to the Agency, especially to the three sub-district pilots. During the last quarter, we delivered environmental education (including film screening) and follow with one-day regreening campaigns on: (a) SMA I Ladongi; (b) SMK I Ladongi; (c) SMK I Lambandia; (d) SMP I Lambandia; (e) Madrasah Aliyah Ladongi; (f) SMA I Watubangga; and (g) SD I Lamotau. Kolaka District Education Agency is very enthusiastic to follow-up the program to reach the target one student one tree, we will continue facilitating the program after the end of PNPM-Green Program. We will continue working in Kolaka after October 2012. 3.6. Training Village Head, BPD and Setrawan on village governance on environmental management: We delivered the training in Buton, Wajo and Tana OWT – QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July – 31 October 2012)| 13
Toraja District involving all village head, BPD and Setrawan in all pilot villages and beyond. The two days training covered the following materials: (a) Practical approaches on indentifying natural resource potential and problem at village level; (b) Methods to restore natural resource and environmental degratation; (c) Procedure to develop Perdes and review RPJM-Desa; (d) Procedure to develop Bumdes (village enterprise). The trainer was the prior deputy Team Leader of PNPM-Integration (Drs. Ludiro Prajoko). Participants were very interested to attend the training, all materials were very usefull and delivered in a good manner. Training in Tana Toraja was attended by 42 persons (30 male and 12 female) and held in Pantan Hotel (5 – 6 September). Training in Wajo was held in Wisma Liya Santi (7 – 8 September) and attended by 86 persons (75 male, 11 female). Training in Pasarwajo was held in Pasarwajo Village Hall (12 – 13 September) and attended by 48 persons (40 male, 8 female). Performance Indicator 4: A sustainable capacity among both [PNPM] facilitators and [PNPM] stakeholders of all levels to continue the implementation of locally driven ‘green’ development investment and to expand its geographic coverage to new areas. 4.1. Linking ‘Green’ farmer group with UPK: UPK is a sub-district institution established by PNPM-Rural program to administer PNPM-Rural fund, such as SPP (safe and loan for women groups), UEP (safe and loan for enterprise groups) and PNPM rural/green block-grant. UPK is expected to become a financial institution (lembaga keuangan) at sub-district level. During the last three years, PNPM-Green has facilitated the establishment of ‘green’ enterprises which produce various kinds of green products such as organic fertilizer, livestock fodder, CCB, VCO, tree seedlings, honey-bees etc. Many villages have MHP and establish its Management Team (TP3). Several MHPs in Sulawesi and Sumatra have been operated during the day enabling to support productive use energy (PUE). There are many PUE groups established and demand capital loan to procure electronic equipment. To strengthen UPK as a financial institution at sub-district level, while enhancing the capacity of some newly established green enterprise groups; on this quarter, we worked together with PL (PNPM assistant at sub-district level) to list potential green enterprises and link to UPK soft-loan. 4.2. Promotion of PNPM-Green on Nusantara (National) Kraton (Kingdom) Festival in Baubau (1-4 September): To promote PNPM-Green smart practices at national level, we took part on National Kraton Festival held in Baubau. During 5 days, more than 25 Kingdom representatives had gathered in Baubau town and promoted their traditional art and culture. We opened an exhibition stand (5 x 5 m) to promote all products produced by PNPM-Green farmer groups, i.e. tree planting materials, handicraft, VCO, CCB, awareness materials, including Lestari Desaku magazines. We screened environmental film and demonstrated the way to grill fishes and maize using CCB. Many visitors were interested in CCB products; during 4 days festival, there are 9 persons (enterprises) who sent purchase orders to CCB producer (Balabone Village enterprise, Mawasangka). 4.3. Promotion PNPM-Green in KOPSAU II Makassar (9 and 10 August): During Ramadhan Kopsau II (air-force headquarters) organized cheap market days. We took part the event to promote women groups products such as CCB, VCO, fish chips, handicrafts etc. We also made use the event to promote PNPM-Green. All women OWT – QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July – 31 October 2012)| 14
group products were sold out. The event apart from promoting PNPM-Green also convinced and stimulated women groups to sustain their enterprises. 4.4. Replicated PNPM-Green smart practices on AgFor program in Kolaka District: Since February 2012, we facilitated CIDA-AgFor program in Kolaka District. We selected six facilitation villages out of three sub-districts (Polipolia, Tirawuta and Tinondo5). Some PNPM-Green smart practices replicated to those villages are: (a) Making organic fertilizer; (b) Development of Jabon nursery; (c) Development of mushroom farming; (d) Making livestock fodder. On September 23, 2012, we organized training for AgFor champions from three sub-districts. The training held in our field office in Ladongi, Kolaka, number of partcipants are 24 persons. The objective of the training is to replicate PNPM-Green smart-practices into those villages. 4.5. Stimulated local community investment on Biogas in Tana Toraja District: As discussed above, we have successfully convinced local community to transform dung into energy through biogas installation. As realized, every Toraja household raised livestock (pig and buffalo). At the beginning, we provided technical assistance on the establishment of four BLM sub-projects (2011) in Gandasil Sub-district. This followed by establishing one biogas demo-plot on each sub-district. Those demo-plots have been replicated by9 self-funded biogas within three months (where we only provided technical assistance). Those are: (a) Gandasil Sub-district: 4 self funded biogas and 4 waiting lists for facilitation; (b) Sangala Selatan Sub-district: 2 selffunded biogas; and Bongkar Sub-district: 3 self-funded biogas. The biogas ‘fever’ in Tana Toraja has attracted Veterinary Agency to build 4 unit of biogas in Bongkar Subdistrict. There are 6 persons (including out local staff, Abraham and Amos) have been well-trained on biogas development. They will become key champions on biogas development in Tana Toraja District after the end of this program. 4.6. Stimulated PT. INCO to channel its CSR fund to replicate Biogas installation in Kolaka District: In response to PT. INCO, a Canadian nickel mining company which conducted mining activities in Baula and Pomala Sub-districts, and BPMD interest on PNPM-Green biogas installation demo-plots in Baula and Watubangga sub-districts. By the end of 2010, we assisted the Head of BPMD Kolaka (Pak Andy) to develop Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) proposal to PT. INCO. In 2011, the proposal was accepted by PT. INCO (which later changes to PT Valley); interestingly, the Company did not only agree to fund biogas installation but also adding the most important part of biogas sustainability, i.e. establishment of livestock (cows) husbandry. In October 2012, we received good news that PT. Valley agreed to channel funding of IDR 40 billion to provide cows and biogas installation fund. The pilot project will be conducted in Baula Sub-district (Pak Amri, PJO-Kab pers.com). 4.7. Stimulated PNPM-Green beneficiaries and Muna District government to replicate Biogas installation: The widespread of biogas sub-projects in Muna District demonstrated how the biogas demo-plots have inspired local community and government to invest green initiatives. Starting with one unit biogas demo-plot in Lahontohe Village built during the end of 2010, followed with two other biogas installations in Madampi Village/Lawa and Lakumampo Village/Napabalano Subdistrict early 2011. Now, there have been 23 biogas installed in this district: (a) In 5
Tirawuta Sub-district: Tasahea and Simbune Villages; Tinondo Sub-district: Tinondo and Lamunde Villages; Polipolia Sub-district: Andowengga and Tausu Villages. OWT – QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July – 31 October 2012)| 15
2012, there are 12 units biogas PNPM-Green sub-projects, i.e. Lapandidi Village (6 units) and Lahontohe Village (6 units), all using 3,300 liters digesters; (b) In 2011, Muna Environmental District Agency (BLH) established 3 units (5000 liter digester) biogas (Napalakura Village/Napabalano Sub-district, Wamelai Village/Lawa Subdistrict and Barangka Village/Barangka Sub-district); (c) In 2012, BLH established another 3 units biogas with 5000 liter digester (Pentiro Village/Napabalano Subdistrict; Danagoa Village/Tongkuno Sub-district; Lianosa Village/Tongkuno Selatan Sub-district); (d) In 2011, PNPM-Green block grant funded 11 unit biogas in Lawa Sub-district, i.e. Latugho Village (3 units), Wamelai Village (3 units), Lapadaku (4 units). Our intensive campaigns on the multi-uses of biogas have attracted rural community and government to replicate biogas. 4.8. Replicated PNPM-Green smart practices on Farmer Empowerment through Agricultural Technology and Information (FEATI) Program in Kolaka and Buton Districts: Since 2012, we have a closed relation with FEATI program in Buton and Kolaka Districts. They used to bring farmers to learn agriculture technologies on our demo-plots, such as biogas, CCB, VCO and nursery, while also invite us to train their farmer groups. We also follow-up and replicate their smart-practices to PNPM-Green pilot villages. 4.9. Facilitated the formulation of legal drafting on the use of water resource and protection of spring water catchment areas in Muna District: During the meeting with the Head and Vice Head of DPRD on 20 June, witnessed by the PSF and PMD Implementation Support Mission Team, we agreed to support multi-stakeholders meetings to formulate legal drafting of District Government Regulation (Perda) on the use of spring water resource and catchment area protection and rehabilitation in Muna District. We organized several meetings in July and September to collect ideas as a basis to formulate legal drafting. The facilitation process is still going. 4.10. Promoting PNPM-Green smart practices on Eastern Indonesia Setrawan Training: Using APBN fund, Centre PMD has replicated PNPM-Green which is called ‘SDA Lestari program. The program made use Setrawan to facilitate the process and the APBN block grant disbursement at sub-district level. On the beginning of October (1 – 5 October 2012, Swissbel Hotel, Makassar) PMD organized Setrawan training for SDA Lestari Program. OWT was invited to train Catchment Management for SDA Lestari’s Setrawan. We also used the opportunity to mainstream PNPM-Green smart practices in Sulawesi. 4.11. Organized mangrove planting campaign involving representatives of fishery students association in Java and Sulawesi: We facilitated two days field work of fishery students associations in Ampekale Village, Bontoa, Maros. We trained them on how to develop mangrove seedlings, established wave prevention system using bamboo fence to protect mangrove seedlings (Alat Pemecah Ombak/APO) and conduct mangrove planting campaigns (Photo 5). We also facilitated them to learn community development for natural resource conservation. There 75 students (50 male, 25 female) joining the program. 4.12. Collaborated with TSU to promote PNPM-Green smart practices to NGOs from Sulawesi and Sumatra: We collaborated with Technical Support Unit (GIZ) for MHP construction to organize Training of Trainers (ToT) for Sulawesi and Sumatra NGOs on MHP management Team training (1 – 5 October 2012, Hotel Darma Nusantara 2). The ToT aimed to train NGOs, in such a way that NGOs will be able to OWT – QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July – 31 October 2012)| 16
train MHP management Team (TP3). The training was funded by TSU, while OWT acted as trainers and event organizers. We trained NGOs on: (a) strategy to develop TP3 institution and Bumdes (village enterprise) establishment; (b) strategy and techniques to protect and rehabilitate MHP catchment areas; (c) Mainstream PNPMGreen smart practices. The training was attended by 15 persons (12 male, 3 female). 11 persons from Sulawesi while 4 persons from Sumatra. 4.13. Collaborated with South Sulawesi Province Satker to promote PNPM-Green smart practices to PNPM-Rural Consultants: We promoted PNPM-Green outputs, achievements and approaches on the PNPM-Rural coordination meeting held on Air Smile Hotel, Makassar. The meeting held on Tuesday morning (October 23, 2012) and was attended by PJOKab, Korprov, Faskab, Fastekab and Faskeu all over districts in South Sulawesi Province. Total participants were 95 persons (75 male, 20 female). The participants were very interested to follow our presentation. We distributed Lestari Desaku Magazine, CD and Green Nationalism Book. See Photo 11. 4.14. Collaborated with BaKTI to promote PNPM-Green smart practices in South Sulawesi Province: We collaborated with BaKTI Foundation to organize PNPMGreen promotion entitled: Discussion and Presentation: Community Empowerment on environmental conservation and PNPM-Green smart practices in Sulawesi. The event held on Tuesday afternoon (October 23, 2012, from 15.30 – 18.00).at BaKTI office, Jl. Jl. A. Mappanyuki No.32. The key resource person was Dr. Edi Purwanto, while the moderator was Mohamad Rezky Mulyadi (Eky). The discussion was attended by 25 persons (18 male, 7 female) who composed of district government at province and district level, NGOs and natural resource management program in Sulawesi (Oxfam, Access, MAP/mangrove action project, AgFor, and EGSPL). The discussion was so fruitful and inspiring. We distributed Lestari Desaku Magazine, CD and Green Nationalism Book. See Photo 12.
III. Management and Financial Issues A. Management Issues With regard to the coming project closing date on October 31, 2012, we have terminated the employment contract for most of the field staff and collect all the equipment used by the field staff to Baubau office. We have compiled all relevant documents and make them ready for final supervision. B. Financial Issues Since November 2007 until September 30, 2012 total of disbursment was USD 1,078,754.42. The fourth quarter of period October to December 2012 will have beginning balance of USD 248,790.99. The detailed grant disbursement since Novemebr 2007 until September 2012 is presented on the following table:
OWT – QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July – 31 October 2012)| 17
Table 1. Project Uses of Funds by Category for Quarter Ended 30 September 2012
Dedicated staff time
July to September 2012 15,870.34
Consultant Services, Training/Workshop, Goods, and other Operating Cost
Up to Category
Management Fee Total
Total as of September 2012 298,390.04
IV. Challenges and Remedial Actions over the Reporting Period A. Efforts to smooth out our exit strategy on three targeted districts in South Sulawesi Province (Lesson Learned No. 40/2012) It is different with SE Sulawesi Province; our presence in South Sulawesi Province is indeed very short (6 months). Three districts governments (Maros, Wajo and Tana Toraja) were surprised with our short facilitation. ‘Yesterday, we welcome you and now have to say goodbye to you’ told the Head of BPMD Tana Toraja. They have just been aware and started putting great attention with our green initiatives and prepare more intensive engagement; such as allocating District budget fund (APBD) to support green initiatives, as the case for Tana Toraja District; unfortunately our facilitation should be terminated. Our presence is indeed quite short, but seems to be precious for them. The three district government have expected us to extent our facilitation, while as a matter of fact, our facilitations in several areas or target groups have not yet been completed. Remedial action: To avoid hard exit of our facilitation, we will maintain our presence in three districts in South Sulawesi Province by maintaining the services of our key local staff (using our own funding) at least until December 31, 2012.
V. Beneficiary Success Stories A. Lights break the darkness of Tanjung Village: solar photovoltaic sub-project in the
remote village (Success story No. 23/2012) Tanjung Village is a poor and remote coastal village in Tongkuno Sub-District (Muna). The village is located in the boundary areas between Buton and Muna District. In 1980, Lakapera Villagers (Buton) cultivated empty land in Oempu Village (Muna). As the population grew, while the area was far away from the center village (Oempu Village, Muna), then in 1999 (during reformation) the villagers developed a new village, partitioned from Oempu which is called Tanjung Village. In 2010, driven by the limited Muna District government program which ever reach the village; Tanjung villagers intended to merge with Buton rather than Muna. The case has driven conflicts among villagers and also with Muna Government. As OWT – QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July – 31 October 2012)| 18
results, in 2010, most of migrant’s villagers left Tanjung and returned to the original Village (Lakapera Village, Buton). The remaining Tanjung resident, after conflicts were 15 households whom they all were originated from Oempu Village. Understanding the limited village resource and technical assistance, since 2011 we provided environmental awareness in the village. We inspired villagers to install solar photovoltaic. After discussion with SubDistrict Head and all village heads in Tongkuno Sub-district about the urgency of Tanjung Village assistance, the sub-project proposal enable to pass MAD-II and as results lights have finally hits the village. There are 8 unit solar photovoltaic installed in the village and used by 15 poor households (50 WP, 20 Ampere battery). The installation is parallel, by which one solar panel is used by 2 households. Every house uses two lamps, 15 watt each with 9 hours light duration a day. The lights, although unable to use for television and radio has enabled to support their livelihoods, especially to manage their seaweed during the night. B. Replication of CCB home industries by 2012 PNPM-Green in Muna District (Success story No. 24/2012) Since 2011, we intensively campaign the benefits of CCB for cooking. We used to bring stove and demonstrate how to use CCB on daily cooking. Our intensive campaigns on CCB have inspired Lakologou Village/Tongkuno Sub-district to replicate the initiative. The design and the type of CCB processing are similar with CCB sub-project in Balabone. This is the first replication of CCB machinery processing in SE Sulawesi after Balabone. C. Changing generator fuel from benzene to gas (Success story No. 25/2012) About 70% (60,000 ha) of paddy field (sawah) in Wajo District (South Sulawesi Province) is rainfed land; they rely on water irrigation from river, lake and retarding basin (embung). Farmers pump water out of the river and flow the water through the rubber pipe to irrigate paddy field, farmers use generator with benzene fuel. Considering the availability of oil fuel is limited, while the price is more expensive than gas fuel, we initiated technique to change generator fuel from benzene to gas. To do so, farmers only need to use particular gas regulator which widely available (cost Rp. 65,000). By using biogas, apart from widely available, this also reduce the cost until 60% compared to benzene. Generator consumes 7 - 8 liters benzene a day (from 8 am to 5 pm) or Rp. 35,000 – 40,000 per day (excluding transportation cost). While using gas it only consumes 3 kg gas per day or Rp. 15,000/day. In Wajo, at least there have been 300 farmers have followed our initiative. D.. Bakko Lestari Women Group: Restoring mangrove forest and developing fish cracker home industry (Success story No. 26/2012) Bakko Lestari is the name of fisher women group in Binanga Sangkara Sub-Village, Ampekale Village, Bontoa-Maros. Our intervention started in June 2012 to facilitate the development of mangrove nursery of Rhizopora sp (Bakau), Avicennia sp (Api-Api) and Soneratia sp (Padada) using aqua bottle wastes on the land of Ibu Hawang. Due to the enthusiasm of local community in which they were willing to work voluntary, we facilitated some relevant activities in the villages: (a) Facilitated their husband (male groups) to develop mangrove crab fattening (Photo 2); (b) Facilitated women groups to develop home industries of various chips made of crabs and fishes (Photo 4); (c) Facilitated the establishment of public library (Taman Baca) for children; (d) Facilitated the establishment of wave prevention fences (Alat Pemecah Ombak/APO) to protect planted mangrove seedlings; (e) Mangrove planting campaigns involving students association representatives from Java and Sulawesi. There are many developments during four months facilitations. Many fishery students visit the village to learn. OWT – QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July – 31 October 2012)| 19
E. Sipurio Farmer Group, InalipuE Village, Tanasitolo, Wajo: Improved horticulture farming using water weed (Eichomia crasipes) organic liquid fertilizer (Success story No. 27/2012) In response to the lack of irrigation water in Wajo District, Sipuro Farmer group led by Sidarwan (young champion farmer) has initiated the group members to change their paddy field into semi organic horticulture farming (capsicum, tomato and melon). We have provided intensive technical assistance to Sidarwan and his group. We facilitated the development of organic liquid fertilizer made of local weed (Enceng Gondok/Eichomia crasipes) which naturally grows in Tempe Lake6. Tanasitolo sub-district is located nearby Tempe Lake. The use of compost (the raw material are made from vegetable market waste), together with liquid fertilizer and Phosphorus organic fertilizer made of banana trees have reduced the use of chemical fertilizer and production cost until 50 percent. F. Pajukukang Village having village regulation on bride (groom) tree planting (Success story No. 28/2012) Before married, ones should have approval letters from the village as a basis to arrange legal marital status. It is a good idea, if ones who will have married and have completed the letter should plant trees. The idea was presented by Pak Hamid (Head of Pajukukang Village, Bontoa, Maros) during Sub-district Workshop. We facilitated the formulation of the Perdes to align with government regulation and involve villager’s participation. It took 1.5 months to make it happened: (a) Socialization at village level; (b) Team Formulation and capacity building; (c) Develop the Perdes draft; (d) FGD on each sub-village with various target groups; (e) Coordination with Law section at district level; (f) BPD Plenary session to legalize Perdes. Team formulation was composed of: (i) BPD; (ii) Key Village Champions; (iii) Youth champions; (iv) Sub-village Heads. We facilitated how to develop participatory Perdes formulation from the beginning till the end, in such a way that they will enable to do it by themselves after the end of the project. We facilitated the socialization of Perdes draft in the sub-village mosques, food stalls, Ojek station and other public areas. The plenary session which was facilitated by BPD and Village Head was held on August 2, 2012, in which the Perdes was fully accepted by villagers’ representatives. The session was also attended by the Head of Law Session. The substance of Perdes is a good model for other villages in Maros District.
Tempe Lake is the largest lake in South Sulawesi Province, the lake is fed by two rivers, i.e. Walanae River in where the catchment areas cover 5 districts (Maros, Bone, Sopeng, Wajo) and Bila River which come from 3 districts (Enrekang, Sidrap, Wajo). The Tempe Lake discharges the water to Bone Gulf. OWT – QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July – 31 October 2012)| 20
Performance Indicator 1: Well-trained Green PNPM facilitators and other local PNPM stakeholders, who can ignite and facilitate ‘green’ projects within PNPM not limited to those within Green PNPM Target Locations. No 1
Increased capacity of GOI-contracted consultants/facilitators to promote viable ‘green sub-project’ proposals (within and outside Green PNPM target locations
1.1 active engagement in design of NMC ‘pre-service dan refresher training for consultants/ facilitators
1.1.1 Facilitated monthly coordination meeting involving Green PNPM actors: Astal, FKL, Korkab OWT, Korcam OWT, PJO Kab PNPM, and PJOK in Buton, Muna and Kolaka 1.1.2 Training for facilitators, Astal and TPK and member of maintenance team on the assessment of tree seedling in Maros, South Sulawesi:
Continuous training modules designed and delivered to consultants
1.3 Post-training evaluations conducted by other partner CSO
1.2.1. Revised and published 8 manuals on Catchment Area Management Protection and Rehabilitation: 1.3.1 There were no activities during this reporting period
Performance Indicator 2: Local community members (including women) who are aware of environmental issues and sustainable natural resource decisions that they can participate in. No Results Indicators 2a
Increase in amount and quality of environmental information, education, and communication (IEC) material available to PNPM stakeholders
Associated Activities 2a.1 Production and dissemination of quality environmental IEC material.
2a.1.1 Published and distributed the second and the third edition of ‘Lestari Desaku’ magazine: The focus of the second edition: Menuai Berkah Dari Limbah: Kiat Memberdayakan Pasukan Mikroba; Transforming waste into grace: Strategy to empower microorganism troop. The focus of the third edition is: Pembiakan Vegetatif tanaman Buah: Kini menanam and esok memanen. Vegetative propagation of fruit trees; planting now, harvesting tomorrow. 2a.1.2 Published multi-uses of biogas poster, printed for 1500 copies. 2a.1.3 Installed 13 metal environmental awareness boards in South Sulawesi Province: 2a.1.4 Installed 900 framed environmental posters in South and Southeast Sulawesi Provinces: 2.1.5. Developed film on straw mushroom cultivation.
OWT – QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July – 31 October 2012)| 21
Women are actively engaged in the selection, planning, and implementation of sub-projects funded by PNPM-Green.
Increase in NRM training opportunities available to local community members (including women)
2b.1 Delivery of Technical Assistance (TA) to women’s’ groups in developing ‘green sub-project’ proposals. 2b.2 Develop awareness materials and deliver gender training 2c.1 Design and delivery of environmental awareness/training activities specifically targeting women
2b.1.1 There were no activities during this reporting period
2b.2.1 There were no activities during this reporting period 2c.1.1 We delivered trainings on Bakko Lestari (Bontoa-Maros), Loro Lestari (Bontoa-Maros) and Mekar women group (Tanasitolo-Wajo). 2c.1.2 Environmental film screenings for local community (including women and children) in Buton, Muna, Kolaka, Maros, Wajo and Tana Toraja districts through OWT awareness car. 2c.1.3 Training for tree planting sub-project beneficiaries in South and SE Sulawesi Provinces 2c.1.4 One day Maintenance Team training in three sub-districts in Kolaka 2c.1.5 Two days training for KPMD in Ladongi and Lambandia sub-districts, Kolaka 2c.1.6 Completed Perdes Formulation Facilitation on bride(grom) trree planting in Pajukukang Village, Bontoa, Maros 2c.1.7 Completed second round film screening through ‘My Darling’ car in SE Sulawesi and first round in South Sulawesi Province: 2c.1.8 Organized faith based environmental awareness during fasting time in SE Sulawesi Province 2c.1.9 Facilitated the development of solar-dryer and photovoltaic maintenance in Sampolawa Sub-district, Buton 2c.1.10 Provided technical assistance on village nursery development in South Sulawesi Province 2c.1.11 Facilitated additional Danida fund to establish organic fertilizer workshop in Dangia Village (Ladongi, Kolaka) and Bontoa Village (Bontoa, Maros):
2c.2 Design and delivery of environmental awareness/training activities specifically targeting children/youth 2d
Demonstrated links between TA provided by CSO and types of ‘green sub-projects’ chosen by communities to finance
2d.1 Environmental awareness raising activities. During April-Jun 2012, our awareness has inspired the formulation of following green
2c.2.1 Facilitated environmental education for students in S Sulawesi (SMA II and SMA III Sengkang and SMA I Bola, Wajo) 2c.2.2 Revitalized green education program in Kolaka District 2d.1.1 Muna District : (a) plantation of mango at Lapadindi village, (b) plantation of rambutan at Kontumolepe village, (c) making of cooking oil at Lamorende village (d) Plantation of trembesi at Danagoa village (Tongkuno), (e) Plantation of Penanaman jabon (Anthocephallus cadamba) at Lalemba, (f) Establishment of Biogas at Lapadaku and Latugho village, (g) plantation of teak (Tectona grandis) in Lagadi OWT – QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July – 31 October 2012)| 22
sub-projects, in which at the current stage, those sub-projects have been implemented:
village, and (h) Establishment of Solar-photo voltaic installation at Madampi village (Lawa sub-district), (i) plantation of rambutan in Lambiku, Langkumapo and Napalakura village (Napabalano subdistrict) 2d.1.2 Kolaka District : (a) Plantation of local teak (Tectona grandis) at villages of : Peoho, Matausu, Gunung Sari, Sumber Rejeki, (b) Development technique of sea grass (Watubangga sub-district), (c) plantation of clove at Pekorea village, (d) plantation of durian (Durio zibethinus) at Tinete and Lowa village (Lambandia sub-district), (e) plantation of white teak (Gmelina arborea) at Lembah Subur, Putemata, Atula, Dangia village, (f) plantation of local teak at Ladongi Jaya village (Ladongi sub-district) 2d.1.3 Buton District : (a) plantation of nutmeg (Myristica fragrans) at Wining village, (b) plantation of mahagony (Swietenia macrophylla) at Wagola village, (c) plantation of nutmeg at Kahulungaya village, (d) plantation of mahagony at Takimpo village, (e) Rehabilitation of mangrove at Awainulu village (Pasar Wajo sub-district), (f) establishment of rumpon at Bahari village, (g) plantation of mango at Todungulu village, (h) development of honeybee at Gunung Sejuk village, (Sampolawa sub-district) and (i) processing of jambu mete at Oengkolaki village, (j) plantation of teak at Banga, Tanailandu, Polindo, and Gumanano village (Mawasangka sub-district) 2d.1.4 Tana Toraja District: (a) biogas installation in Mebali, Gandang Batu Sillanan; (b); Planting clove in Gandang Batu Sillanan(c) Making organic fertilizer with women group to applicant to the orchid plant; (d) facilitated women group to Making Organic Fertilizer for application to the planting sub project; (e) TA to design budget planning to the energy saving stove 2d.1.5 Wajo District: (a) TA to the KPMD how to making Liquid fertilizer (b) TA to KPMD how to apply organic fertilizer to the field; (c) With GF conducted site location on subproject implementation; 2d.1.6 Maros District: (a) Re build women group “Loro Lestari” making handicraft from plastic garbage , (b) Mangrove planting in Marusu and Bontoa.
2d.2 Demonstration Plot
Establishment of Jamur merang demplot in Ladongi, Kolaka Initiation on demplot establishment of “solar energy sea grass dryer” at Jaya Bakti village, Sampolawa sub-district and Wakabangura village, Mawasangka sub-district (Buton District) 2d.2.3 Establishment of biogas and organic fertilizer demo-plot in Takkalalla, OWT – QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July – 31 October 2012)| 23
2d.2.4 2d.2.5 2d.2.6.
Increase in community awareness of links 2e.1 Environmental awareness raising between improved NRM practices and activities enhanced livelihood.
Bola and Tanasitolo, Wajo, Maros Establishment of biogas and organic fertilizer demo-plot in Gandasil, Sangala Selatan and Bongkar, Tana Toraja, Establishment of mangrove nursery and planting in Bontoa, Maros Establishment of organic fertilizer enterprises (with Danida Support) in Ladongi (Kolaka) and Bontoa (Maros) Conversion of premium fuel with LPG for generator in Wajo District Technical assistance and facilitation on production and marketing of plastic weste processing for making of bag by woman group of “Rewu Lestari” (Saragi village, Pasar Wajo sub-district, Buton District). Technical assistance and facilitation on production and marketing of VCO (virgin coconut oil) by woman group of “Kaluku Lestari” (Oengkolaki village, Mawasangka subdistrict, Buton district) Technical assistance and facilitation on production and marketing of VCO, organic fertilizer, and seedlings production by village farmer group of “Tunas Muda” (Oengkolaki village, Mawasangka subdistrict, Buton district) Technical assistance and facilitation on production and marketing of nentu crafting by “Nentu Lestari Group” (Tondombulu village, Sampolawa sub-district, Buton district) Technical assistance and facilitation on production and marketing of VCO, organic fertilizer, and seedlings production by village farmer group of “Buah Lestari” Kahulungaya village, Pasar Wajo sub-district, Buton district Technical assistance and facilitation on production and marketing of VCO, organic fertilizer, and seedlings production at Waangguanggu village, Pasar Wajo sub-district, Buton district Technical assistance and facilitation on production and marketing of nutmeg nursery “La Ode Wero” (Kancinaa village, Pasar Wajo subdistrict, Buton district) Facilitation on production and marketing of honey bee that produced by farmer group of “Madu Jaya” (Napalakura village, Napabalano subdistrict, Muna District) Technical assistance and facilitation on production and marketing of organic fertilizer that produced by farmer group of Sowuto (Pentiro village, Napabalano sub-district, Muna district)
OWT – QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July – 31 October 2012)| 24
2e.1.10 Technical assistance and facilitation on production and marketing of processing of organic and an-organic weste by farmer group of Sepatudhu (Napabalano village, Napabalano sub-district, Muna district) 2e.1.11 Technical assistance and facilitation on production and marketing of cashew (jambu mete) by women farmer group of “Maju Bersama” (Lalemba village, Lawa sub-district, Muna district) 2e.1.12 Technical assistance and facilitation on production and marketing of teak nursery by farmer group of “Bukit Harapan” (Lalemba village, Lawa sub-district, Muna district) 2e.1.13 Technical assistance and facilitation on production and marketing of Bokashi by farmer group of Soneati (Wamelai village, Lawa subdistrict, Muna district) 2e.1.14 Technical assistance and facilitation on production and marketing of fish by fisherman group of Korum Siri (Oempu,Tongkuno,Muna) 2e.1.15 Technical assistance and facilitation on production and marketing of liquid organic weste fertilizier (Lahontohe, Tongkuno, Muna) 2e.1.16 Technical assistance and facilitation on production and marketing of cashew by woman farmer group of “Maju Bersama” (Lalemba, Lawa, Muna) 2e.1.17 Technical assistance and facilitation on production and marketing of tree seedlings and Bokashi (Mokupa, Labandia, Kolaka) 2e.1.18 Technical assistance and facilitation on production and marketing of organic duck eggs (Gunung Jaya, Ladongi, Kolaka) 2e.1.19 Technical assistance and facilitation on production and marketing of coconut oil (Lamundre, Watubangga, Kolaka ) 2.e.1.20 Technical assistance on the conversion from oil to gas fuel in Wajo 2.e.1.21 Technical assistance on the development of plastic waste handicraft in Maros and Wajo. 2e.1.22 Technical assistance on the establishment of biogas in Wajo and Tana Toraja. 2e.1.23. Technical assistance on the establishment of fish-chips home industry in Maros. 2e.1.24. Technical assistance on the making and marketing of organic fertilizer (liquid fertilizer) in Wajo and Tana Toraja. 2e.1.25. Technical assistance on the marketing of women handicraft and fishchips. 2e.1.26. Technical assistance on the establishment of straw nursery in Wajo
OWT – QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July – 31 October 2012)| 25
Performance Indicator 3. Adoption by regional governments of natural resources governance issues as an integral part of the policy development and decision making process. No
Increased emphasis of NRM/environmental issues in local development plans.
Associated Activities 3a.1 Environmental awareness activities
Facilitation on visiting to locations of PNPM Green activities by parliement members and related stakeholders in district level
Facilitation on visiting of related stakeholders to locations of PNPM Green activities in Buton district Training Village Head, BPD and Setrawan on village governance on environmental management. Organized the participation of SKPD on PNPM-Green planting campaigns in Tana Toraja District: Socialization OWT roles and promotion of PNPM-Green in South Sulawesi Province: Initiation of Integration Process of PNPM Green, where there are several activities in one area or location of PNPM Green activities are mutually reinforcing with other programs on different of funding (Integration), for example : Making of charcoal briquette (Green PNPM), Establishment of Coconut Warehouse (PNPM Rural) and the establishment of VCO manufacturing facilities (Department of Agriculture) at Balebone village (Mawasangka sub-district, Buton District) Initiation of Integration Process of PNPM Green ; Ecotourism (Green PNPM), Farm Road (PNPM SADI), Rabat Concrete and Drainage (PPIP/PNPM PU) and the Clean Water Network Development to Community Settlement / Pipeline (PNPM Rural) at Latugho Village (Lawa sub-district, Muna District) Encouraged the Parliament of Muna District on budgeting of establishment of Horse Fights Tourism Facilities "Local Culture" Ecotourism Wakante (Green PNPM) of Rp. 300 million, - at Latugho village (Lawa Sub-district, Muna District) Initiation of integration process of PNPM Green; OWT Demonstration Plot; integrated VCO production, with the help of the package : 2 grated coconut machine and a machine for coconut milk squeezer (from district industrial agency) and tool precipitating or oil and water separator (centrifugal) from district
3a.1.3 3a.1.4 3a.1.5 3a.2 Direct assistance in strengthening/developing local development plans/regulations (i.e. RPJM-Desa), training/review/revise RPJM-Desa at district level
OWT â€“ QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July â€“ 31 October 2012)| 26
‘Green sub-projects’ are aligned with local development plans/village regulations
3b.1 Active participation in district meetings on local development plans review
agriculural agency at Oengkolaki village (Mawasangka sub-district, Buton District) Completed Perdes Formulation Facilitation on bride(grom) trree planting in Pajukukang Village, Bontoa, Maros:
3b.1.1 Discussion on natural resources and environment protection; (1) encouraged the district pparliament to protect ecotourism and potential water resources area. (2) eencouraged the district parliament and local government to develop local regulations on environmental issues in Muna District 3b.1.2 Focus of discussions with BPMD concerning on implementation of the PNPM Exit : mechanisms of implementation, technical guidelines, budgeting, setrawan role, etc. (in district of Buton, Muna and Kolaka)
3b.2 Technical assistance given to community proposal development teams.
Increase in local government awareness of links between improved NRM practices and enhanced livelihood.
3b.2.1 Facilitated TPK on preparation of the budget planning (RAB) of PNPM Green activities fiscal year 2012 (Muna District) 3b.2.2 Facilitated TPK on preparation of the budget planning (RAB) of PNPM Green activities fiscal year 2012 (Buton District 3b.2.3 Facilitated TPK on preparation of the budget planning (RAB) of PNPM Green activities fiscal year 2012 (Kolaka District) 3c.1 Develop training material for 3c.1.1 There were no activities during this reporting period government officials and work with PMD/NMC to deliver the training
OWT – QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July – 31 October 2012)| 27
Performance Indicator 4: A sustainable capacity among both [PNPM] facilitators and [PNPM] stakeholders of all levels to continue the implementation of locally driven ‘green’ development investment and to expand its geographic coverage to new areas. No
‘Green sub-projects’ are sustainably managed beyond initial year of block grant funding.
Increase of coordination between ‘green sub-projects’ implementation and other environment/NRM related activities in the region.
Associated Activities 4a.1 Provision of continued technical 4a.1.1 assistance to communities in maintenance of ‘green sub-projects’ 4a.1.2
Provided technical assistance to project beneficiaries to maintain PNPM-Green pilots (tree planting, solar photo voltage, biogas etc.) Facilitated the establishment and maintenance of biogas installation sub-projects in Tana Toraja. 4a.2 Promoting networking of Tim 4a.2.1 Training for maintenance team of PNPM green year 2012 in subPemelihara (Maintenance Team) district of Napabalano and Tongkuno (Muna) 4a.2.2 One day Maintenance Team training in three sub-districts in Kolaka 4a.2.3. Provide intensive technical assistance on tree planting sub-projects for 5 selected villages on each sub-district 4a.2.4 Facilitate maintenance Team visit to neighbouring villages with good maintenance efforts. 4a.3 Promoting demplot as a model for 4a.3.1 Facilitate the marketing of demplot products, fish crabs, plastic waste related sub-project sustainability handicrafts, CCB, VCO, organic fertilizer etc. 4a.3.2 Encouraged cooperation between the farmers user of liquid fertilizer with Faculty of Agriculture, University of Haluoleo Kendari on the research of composition of liquid fertilizer of biogas slurry (Muna District) 4b.1 Technical assistance provided to local 4b.1.1 Replicated PNPM-Green smart practices on Farmer Empowerment government and communities in through Agricultural Technology and Information (FEATI) Program identifying means to link ‘green subin Kolaka and Buton Districts: projects’ with other environmental projects in the region. 4b.1.2 Replicated PNPM-Green smart practices on AgFor program in Kolaka District 4b.1.3. Facilitated the formulation of legal drafting on the use of water resource and protection of spring water catchment areas in Muna District: 4b.2. Implementation of locally driven ‘green’ development beyond its geographic coverage to new areas 4b.2.1 Collaborated with South Sulawesi Province Satker to promote PNPM-Green smart practices to PNPM-Rural Consultants: 4b.2.2. Collaborated with BaKTI to promote PNPM-Green smart practices in South Sulawesi Province for Government and NRM Project Leaders 4b.3.Increased capacity of local NGOs to OWT – QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July – 31 October 2012)| 28
manage and implement environmental 4b.3.1 Conducted of coordination meetings and preparation of awareness awareness raising campaigns agenda together with local NGO 4b.3.2 Encouraged local NGOs to develop of marketing of demonstration plots product such as plastic bags, charcoal briquettes, honey bee, VCO, etc.; Alas (Kolaka), Gaharu (Muna) and Lestari (Buton) 4b.3.3. Collaborate with TSU to promote PNPM-Green smart practices to NGOs from Sulawesi and Sumatra
OWT â€“ QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July â€“ 31 October 2012)| 29
Appendix 2. Completed activities against workplan until October 2012 in SE Sulawesi Province Main Intervention
Targeted No. of Units Until Oct 2012
No. of Units Achieved Until 31 May 2012
No. of Units Achieved Until Oct 2012
Specific A.1 Enhanced community to adopt and implement ‘Green’ sub project within and surrounding pilots area enhanced Component A.1. Enhanced communities participation, capacity building, access and control of women and disadvantaged communities on planning and implementation of NRM at village and sub-district level A.1.1. Awareness and stimulation to women, children and disadvantaged communities (DC) to participate on NRM planning and implementation
A.1.1.1 Door to door awareness raising targeted to women, disadvantaged communities (DC) and youth conducted by sub contracted NGO (LSM Lestari in Buton, LSM Gaharu in Muna and LSM Alas in Kolaka District) A.1.1.2 Film Screening attended by local community (including women, youth and children in Muna District) A.1.1.3 Awareness of PNPM-Green and smart practices to teachers and Senior high school students A.1.1.4 Development of awareness materials (IEC) A.1.2. Develop innovative PNPM-Green smart-practices applicable to each pilot sub-districts A.1.3. Facilitate the development of PNPM-Green smart practices application to become sustainable livelihoods
10 packages 60 packages 27 packages
8 packages 54 packages 23 packages
16 packages 60 packages 27 packages
Component A2 : Strengthened the capacity of village Government (Village Head and Village Representatives Body/ BPD) to implement RPJM-Desa A.2.1 Facilitate Village Government on the formulation of RPJM-Desa and Village Regulations
A.2.1.1 Participated village government meeting to review RPJM-Desa document in all PNPM-Green targeted sub district A.2.1.2 Provide assistance and facilitation the formulation of village regulations on NRM and PNPM-Green sub project maintenance
Component A3 : Strengthened the roles of BPD and Village social institution (Lembaga Kemasyarakatan Desa, LPM, PKK etc) as key success of PNPM-Green exit strategy at village level A.3.1. Awareness and training to BPD and LPM on PNPMGreen smart practices
A.3.1.1 Delivered awareness to village head, BPD, LPM and other village social institution on PNPM-Green smart practices during PNPM cycle in all sub district of PNPM-Green targeted areas A.3.1.2 Stimulate the role of BPD and LPM on PNPM-Green sub project implementation in all sub districts of PNPM-Green targeted areas
Component A4 : Enhanced awareness of and capacity building of key village government (KVG) and key village champions (KVCs) on PNPM-Green smart practices
Door to door awareness rising conducted by local NGO partners have been completed by the end of May 2012 The review of RPJM-Desa will be completed by the end of May 2012. OWT – QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July – 31 October 2012)| 30
on villages of the neighbouring PNPM-Green sub-districts A.4.1. Awareness campaign and capacity building on PNPM-Green smart practices to KVG and KVC from villages of the neighbouring PNPM-Green sub-districts
18 Sub districts
9 Sub districts
Specific Objective B : Capacity of Green facilitators to facilitate ‘Green’ sub-projects within and surrounding pilots areas enhanced Component B.1 Enhanced technical capacity of PNPM-Green facilitators and ensure that PNPM-Green planning, implementation, maintenance process at field level comply with (Green) PNPM spirits B.1.1.Enhance capacity building of GF on PNPM-Green smart practices. B.1.2. Facilitate GF monthly meeting with CSO and PNPMGreen actors at (sub)-district level
B.1.1.1 Delivered training on PNPM-Green smart practices during refresher course B.1.1.2 Delivered training for Green-facilitators B.1.2.1 Facilitated Coordination meeting with consultant at province level in Kendari B.1.2.2 Facilitated monthly coordination meeting involving GF and (sub) district stakeholders at district level
Component B2 : Enhanced the capacity of PNPM Rural facilitators (FK dan FT) within and beyond pilot project areas on Green – PNPM smart-practices B.2.1 Enhance capacity building of FK and FT on PNPM-Green smart practices
3 trainings 9 visits
3 trainings 8 visits
0 trainings10 9 visits
20 facilitations 20 events 2 editions
17 facilitations 21 events 1 edition
20 facilitations 23 events 3 editions
Specific Objective C : PNPM-Green’s objectives adopted by local government within and beyond initial target locations Component C.1 : PNPM-Green smart practices adopted by local government within pilot areas C.1.1 Supported PNPM Workshop (Semiloka) with DPRD and SKPD in Baubau C.1.2. Facilitate the visits of SKPD and parliaments on PNPM-Green smart-practices sites Component C.2 : PNPM-Green smart practices adopted by local government within pilot areas C.2.1. Environmental awareness and training for SKPD and Parliament beyond PNPM-Green pilots areas C.2.2. Exhibition of PNPM-Green smart practices at national, regional and district level C.2.3. Promotion of PNPM-Green smart practices at national level through publication of ‘Lestari Desaku’ magazine
Our proposed trainings have been covered by DANIDA’s NRM training Until the end of October, the Semiloka has not yet been organized by District government OWT – QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July – 31 October 2012)| 31
Appendix 3. Completed activities against workplan until October 2012 in South Sulawesi Province Main Intervention
Targeted No. Of Units Until Oct 2012
No. of Units Achieced Until 31 May 2012
Targeted No. Of Units Until Oct 2012
A. Performance Indicator 1: Well-trained Green PNPM facilitators and other local PNPM stakeholders, who can ignite and facilitate ‘green’ projects within PNPM, not limited to those within Green PNPM Target Locations. A.1 : Enhanced technical capacity of PNPM-Green Facilitators and ensure that PNPM-Green planning, implementation and maintenance process at field level comply with (Green)-PNPM spirits A.1.1. Enhance capacity building A.1.1.1. Awareness campaign for GF on the application of NRM and RE Daily facilitation activities during the first three months of GF on PNPM-Green technologies smart practices. A.1.1.2. ToT for GF on NRM an RE smart practices 2 0 111 A.1.2. Facilitate GF monthly meeting with CSO and PNPM-Green actors at (sub)-district level A.1.3. Support GF to facilitate A1.3.1. Improve the quality of sub-project proposal Following PNPM Cycle PNPM-Green cycles and A1.3.2. Improve verification process and MAD II Following PNPM Cycle ensure PNPM-Green A1.3.3. Improve the quality of sub-project proposals in MAD III and Budget Following PNPM Cycle planning and Planning implementation in-line with the spirits of CDD and sustainable development B. Performance Indicator 2: Local community members (including women) who are aware of environmental issues and sustainable natural resource decisions that they can participate in. B.1 : Enhanced communities participation, capacity building, access and control of women and youth on planning and implementation of NRM at village and Sub-district level B.1.1. Awareness and stimulation B.1.1.1. Awareness for village woman group (PKK) on PNPM-Green process, 18 6 18 to women and youth to NRM, IGA and RE smart practices participate on NRM B.1.1.2. Awareness for youth group and students on NRM smart practices 9 4 9 planning and B.1.1.3. Environmental awarness film screening at village level 80 0 5612 implementation B.1.2. Facilitate the development B.1.2.1. Development of biogas application and associated use for liquid fertilizer 6 2 12 of innovative NRM, RE and and lighting in all Districts IGA applicable to each pilot B.1.2.2. Utilization of rice husk and other organic waste for organic fertilizer 6 2 6 sub-districts (Bokashi, Kascing) and other purposes in all districts B.1.2.3. Advance development of coconut based products (Virgin Coconut 2 0 013
11 12 13
Our proposed trainings have been covered by DANIDA’s NRM training It is due to the limited time Lack of coconut resources in the facilitation areas OWT – QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July – 31 October 2012)| 32
B.1.3. Provide awareness and motivation to village elites to involve women on NRM planning and implementation
Oil/VCO, Coconut Shell Charcoal Briquette/CCB and Nata De Coco) application in Wajo and Maros District B.1.2.4. Develop or poultry/livestock feed using organic waste in all districts. B.1.2.5. Develop mini nursery in all districts. B.1.2.6. Develop plastic and organic waste handicraft. B.1.2.7. Develop of edible mushroom (white oyster/tiram putih) production in Wajo District B.1.3.1. Intensive awareness and facilitation PNPM planning and implementation process B.1.3.2. Stimulate village community organizations and community groups to monitor and evaluate PNPM-Green planning and implementation process
6 6 2 1
014 4 2 1
1 2 1 0
Following PNPM Cycle Daily facilitation activities
B.2. Enhanced awareness and capacity building of Key Village Government (KVG) on PNPM-Green smart practices at village and sub-district level B.2.1. Capacity building on PNPM-Green smart practices to KVG.
B.2.1.1. Awareness campaign for KVG and village institutions (LPM, PKK etc) on PNPM-Green and the application of NRM and RE technologies B.2.1.2. Facilitate KVG on the development and review of RPJM Desa, Village Regulation and the application of NRM and RE technologies
Daily facilitation activities 18
B.3. Increased in amount and quality of environmental information, education and communication (IEC) available to PNPM stakeholders B.3.1. Development of awareness films B.3.2. Development of training modules B.3.3. Development of leaflets B.3.4. Development of Poster
2 (1000 copies) 8 (1000 copies) 6 (1000 copies) 3 (1000 copies)
2 (1000 copies) 8 (1000 copies) 6 (1000 copies) 6 (1000 copies) 2 (1000 copies) 315 (1000 copies) B.3.5. Development of Booklet 3 (1000 copies) 3 (100 copies) B.3.6. Development of awareness T-Shirt 1 (1000) 1 (300) 1 (1000) B.3.7. Development of awareness Board 9 13 B.3.8. Development of awareness Ballyhoo 27 18 27 C. Performance Indicator 3: Adoption by regional governments of natural resources governance issues as an integral part of the policy development and decision making process. C.1 : PNPM-Green smart practices adopted by local government within pilot areas C.1.1. Workshop on PNPM-Green
C.1.1.1. Kecamatan Workshop on problems and potential of NRM, RE and IGA
It is due to the limited time Catchment Protection, mushroom cultivation and biogas OWT â€“ QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July â€“ 31 October 2012)| 33
implementation and lessons learned
application at village level. C.1.1.2. Kecamatan Workshop on PNPM-Green implementation and lessons learned at sub-district C.1.1.3. District Workshop on PNPM-Green socializations C.1.1.4. District Workshop on PNPM-Green implementation and lessons learned C.1.1.5. Province Workshop on PNPM-Green implementation and lessons learned
C.1.2. Facilitate the visits of SKPD and parliaments on PNPM-Green smart-practices sites C.1.3 Environmental awareness and training for SKPD and Parliament beyond PNPMGreen pilots areas
C.1.4. Promotion of PNPM-Green smart practices within and beyond PNPM-Green pilot areas
C.1.3.1. Training and awareness for SKPD and parliament at province level (in collaboration with provincial government) C.1.3.2. Training and awareness for SKPD and parliament at potential (selected) districts (in collaboration with districts government) C.1.3.3. Training and awareness for camat at district level (in collaboration with districts government) C.1.4.1. Exhibition of PNPM-Green smart practices at province level C.1.4.2 Exhibition of PNPM-Green smart practices at district level C.1.4.3 Develop and publish environmental awareness books (“Nasling”) C.1.4.4 Develop Newsletters Lestari Desaku
3 3 1
3 0 0
3 017 218
1 3 1 (500) 3 (1000)
0 0 1 (500) 1 (1000)
1 0 1 (500) 3 (3000)
D. Performance Indicator 4: A sustainable capacity among both KDP facilitators and KDP stakeholders of all levels to continue the implementation of locally-driven ‘green’ development investment and to expand its geographic coverage to new areas. D.1.: Enhanced the capacity of PNPM Rural Facilitators (FK and FT) within and beyond pilot project areas on Green-PNPM smart-practices D.1.1 Enhance capacity building of FK and FT on GreenPNPM smart practices
D.1.1.1. Involved FK and FT within and beyond pilot projects on community training activities at village and sub-district level
D.1.1.2. Involved selected FK and FT within and beyond pilot projects on Green2 0 2 Facilitator trainings D.2. Enhanced awareness of and capacity building of Key Village Government (KVG) and Key Village Champions (KVCs) on Green-PNPM smart practices on villages of the neighboring Green-PNPM sub-districts Awareness campaign and capacity building on Green PNPM smart practices to KVG and KVC from villages of the 18 0 18 neighboring Green-PNPM sub-districts 16
We modified the Sub-district workshop with training for Village Head, BPD and Setrawan on PNPM-Green smart practices No committed time to organize the workshop with District government as October was the busiest months for government. 18 Organized together with Province Satker and BaKTI (23 October 2012) 19 The collaborations are planned to be conducted during November–December 2012 where the government is used to organize workshops (coordination meetings) for SKPD, Parliament and Camat at Province and district level OWT – QR 03 (Reporting Period: 1 July – 31 October 2012)| 34 17
D.3. Facilitate the maintenance of green sub projects, strengthen the institution and its environment and economic impacts D.3.1. Facilitate the implementation, maintenance and development of PNPMgreen sub project
D.3.1.1. Technical assistance during project implementation D.3.1.2. Capacity building of maintenance team D.3.1.3. Facilitate the maintenance of green sub projects D.3.1.4. Strengthen the community group institution D.3.1.5. Facilitate the enhancement of environment and economic impacts of the green sub-projects D.4. Increased capacity of local NGOs to manage and implement environmental awareness rising campaigns D.4.1. Enhanced capacity building D.4.1.1. Involved local NGOs within and beyond pilot projects on community of local NGOs on Greentraining activities at village and sub-district level PNPM smart practices D.4.1.2. Involved selected local NGOs within and beyond pilot projects on Training Green-Facilitator trainings
27 27 27 27 27
0 0 0 0 0
27 27 27 27 27
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Appendix 5: Photo Galleries
Photo 1: OWT expositions stand during National Kraton festival in Baubau (1-4 October 2012)
Photo2: Mangrove crab fattening Ampekale Village, Bontoa, Maros.
Photo 3: Protection fence against wave
Photo 4: Fish chips/crackers produced by Bakko Lestari women group, Ampekale, Bontoa, Maros.
(Alat Pemecah Ombak/APO) to the newly planted mangrove seedlings in Ampekale, Bontoa, Maros.
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Photo 5: Mangrove planting campaigns
involving students in Ampekale, Bontoa, Maros
Photo 7: Spraying EM4 on cow dungs, a procedure to make liquid fertilizer directly from cowsâ€™ dung. We introduced the simple way to produce liquid fertilizer in Wajo District.
Photo 6: Coconut shell charcoal grinding machine produced by local workshop. The machine can also be used to chop organic waste. The cost is much cheaper than fabricated machine.
Photo 8: Tapping liquid fertilizer out of fermentation plastic drum. The fertilizer is used for capsicum plantation.
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Photo 9; Hand-over organic fertilizer machine and packaging equipment to Orissa Sativa Farmer Group in Bontoa, Maros. The production house construction and machine and equipments procurement was funded by Danida.
Photo 10: Making the straw mushroom house (Kumbung Jamur Merang) in Ladongi, Kolaka; We established Jamur Merang demo-plot, the mushroom is suitable to be developed in the warm climate.
Photo 11: Presenting PNPM-Green smartpractices in front of PNPM-Rural consultant coordination meeting in Makassar (23 October 2012)
Photo 12: Promoting PNPM-Green smart practices to Key government officials, NGO and head of NRM program in Bakti Office (23 October 2012)
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