INDIA’S FIRST MONTHLY NEWS & ANALYSIS ON CONSTRUCTION & INFRASTRUCTURE MAHENG/2011/38968
Vol 4 Issue 2 • Pages 76 • March 1, 2014 • `100/- • www.aceupdatemagazine.com
Inside... GREEN BUILDINGS pRE-eNGINEERED BUILDINGS ROOFING
An I-Tech Media Publication
Contact: +91 080 4149 1682 -7 Visit: www.wienerberger.in
Avani Riverside: India’s first platinum rated mall unveils A detailed story on Avani Riverside mall, Kolkata’s newest glory alongside Hooghly river
14 Green Buildings
residential developments: gateway to 14 Green future cities A feature on why green homes is not a cost; it’s an investment that only gets more valuable over time
PROFILE solutions for building a better 18 Design tomorrow Godrej & Boyce on how the company makes green building design consulting, MEP design consulting, building commissioning, building simulation, Building Information Modeling (BIM) and third-party auditing services better than anyone
of Surmount manages to check all key elements outlined by the definition of a green interior, earning the USGBC’s Platinum rating
of visionary leadership for green and 34 Need sustainable India Mala Singh, Member - Green Building Committee, Forest & Environment Department, Govt. of Gujarat, writes how green education and green jobs will be an important agenda for the green, sustainable tomorrow
Interview GREEN: promoting green technology in 38 Qconstruction industry A conversation with Nitin Karande, Partner, Q Green, who believes within a very short time Q Green will become the No 1 company in India
entrepreneurs shaping sustainable 40 Young growth in India How dbHMS, a team of young entrepreneurs, has been doing creative and innovative work in India and USA
Laticrete: contributing to green 30 MYK buildings in India MYK Laticrete India on its advocating and promoting its products to ensure “breathe easy” for all end users
device manages smart spaces 26 Smart The case study shows how headquarters
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building sustainable and green 42 KIRBY: innovations Promotional Feature How Kirby helps end users save raw materials and natural resources while taking all the norms of green buildings into consideration during its design stage
PEBS Pennar: setting green standards The article highlights PEBS Pennarâ€™s green innovations in making a green building
An exclusive interview with D. K. Vyas, CEO, Srei BNP Paribas
PEB Industry upbeat on growth prospects An analysis on how the new potential application areas are going to change the PEB industry
the big project
Green roofs take root
How the notion of green buildings and energy efficiency is pushing the roofing industry to come up with new ideas and technology to achieve sustainability
Kolkata Airport: Making of integrated passenger terminal building A detailed report on the making of integrated passenger terminal at Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International (NSCBI) Airport
Granting licences to NBFCs would be a game changer
Intelligent Home With the release of apps for iPhone, iPad and Android-based devices, how home automation control has been made convenient
Green thrust for building insulation
A conversation with Ashok Sharma, CEO, Macmillan Insulations Pvt. Ltd., who talks about the need for building insulation
Bidding right superior EPC bid management The in-and-out mechanism for successfully implementing an integrated improvement in EPC bid management
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Interim budget: a damp squib www.aceupdatemagazine.com
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Not much was expected out of the interim budget, which, of course, couldn’t have been a populist budget being the last opportunity for UPA-2 Government prior to the Lok Sabha election. However, it turned out to be a damp squib and did not provide any major surprises either way — positive or negative. The budget — unveiled by the Finance Minister P Chidambaram — was a disappointment for the real estate sector. The interim budget seems to have overlooked the suggestions forwarded by the real estate developers. The budget did not mention any measures to spur depressed housing sales and ease the financial woes and liquidity crunch of the long suffering sector. Sanjay Dutt, Executive Managing Director, South Asia, Cushman & Wakefield, observes, “There was a mention made of the need to address urban decay and ensure that cities continue to be the growth drivers of the economy; however, no specifics were given.” As far as the industry is concern, the biggest disappointment came in the form of not introducing major tax reforms GST. “We were expecting the government to give some roadmap on the enactment of GST, which did not happen. This is disappointing,” said Anuj Puri, Chairman and Country Head, Jones Lang LaSalle India. “The Land Acquisition Bill continues to remain a cause of concern for the real estate community because of inflated land cost and the complexity involved in resettlement of original inhabitants,” he adds.
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While the FM has raised allocation toward the infrastructure sector by as much as 8.6 per cent, allocation toward the shipping and ports sectors was cut 2 per cent. The government allocated ` 1,81,134 crore for infrastructure building during 2014-15 against ` 1,66,756 crore in 2013-14. The finance minister has also announced a marginal cut in spending toward civil aviation. However, despite being the ‘not so rosy’ budget, the government’s plans to carry out financial restructuring of power discoms and setting up of a road regulator are some of the announcements expected to yield positive result in the long run. We are keen to hear your comments. Please write to us at email@example.com
Printed and published by Subhajit Roy on behalf of I-Tech Media Pvt Ltd. and printed at Print, Process Offset Printers, B-23, Royal Industrial Estate, 5-B, Wadala, Mumbai-400031 and published from I-Tech Media Pvt Ltd. 1, Gayatri, Karumari Amman, Chheda Nagar, Chembur (West), Mumbai - 400089. Editor: Subhajit Roy All rights reserved. While all efforts are made to ensure that the information published is correct, ACE Update holds no responsibility for any unlikely errors that might occur. The information on products and services / technology on offer is being provided for the reference of readers. However, readers are cautioned to make inquiries and take their decisions on purchase or investment after consulting experts on the subject. ACE Update holds no responsibility for any decision taken by readers on the basis of information provided herein. Tel.: +91-22-32682214/15, +91-9821667357
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Equipment JCB appoints Arjun Mirdha as new North American Chief Arjun Mirdha to take up the position of President and CEO of JCB in North America as John Patterson CBE retires. John Patterson, who rose through the ranks from field service engineer to Group Chief Executive, has led operations since 2008 as Chairman and CEO. He has retired after 43 years’ service John Patterson joined JCB in 1971 and went on to work in Canada and America before returning to the UK in 1988 as Managing Director of JCB Service. In 1993, John, was appointed Managing Director of JCB Sales before becoming Group CEO – only the third person in JCB’s history to hold the position.
Tractors India acquires part of Caterpillar mining distribution business Tractors India Pvt. Ltd. (TIPL), a whollyowned subsidiary of TIL Ltd., announced that it has acquired from Caterpillar Global Mining LLC, the expanded Cat mining equipment distribution and support business for its territories. TIPL is the authorised Cat dealer in the North and East regions of India. TIPL and its wide network will serve as the distribution source for a full spectrum of surface and underground mining products – providing a ‘one stop shop’ for mining customers. TIPL will now be responsible for the complete Caterpillar mining product line, including former Bucyrus-branded surface and underground machines such as hydraulic mining shovels, both diesel and electric, draglines, highwall miners, long-wall and room and pillar underground products.
Arjun Mirdha took up his new role from 1st January 2014, reporting directly to Graeme Macdonald, JCB Group Chief Executive.
Sumit Mazumder, Executive Chairman of TIPL, says, “This milestone has brought in a good strategic fit, which is expected to accelerate TIPL’s aftermarket parts and services growth and establish a leadership in mining products and solutions. This acquisition adds new revenue opportunities and robust, long-term growth potential for TIPL and its employees.”
Bentley Partners with S-Cube Futuretech
Volvo CE appoints Pal Infrastructure as its new dealer in North India
Bentley Systems, Incorporated, the software solutions provider for sustaining infrastructure, has partnered with S-Cube Futuretech Pvt. Ltd., developer of software products for concrete structural engineering in India. Working smarter, together, the two companies are delivering STAAD.building, a software integration facilitating B/IM for concrete building design workflows that will enable users to meet the demanding standards of the Indian market. “B/IM” signifies Bentley’s advancement of the reach and benefits of BIM – for better-performing assets through increased depth of information modelling, and better-performing projects through increased breadth of information mobility. STAAD.building combines STAAD.Pro’s proven analytical engine with S-Cube’s STAAD RCDC and STAAD Planwin purpose-built building modelling, design, and drawing
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Volvo Construction Equipment (CE), one of the world’s largest manufacturers of construction machines and a wholly-owned subsidiary of AB Volvo has announced the launch of its new dealership in North India, Pal Infrastructure Solutions. The company will be operating through its offices and warehouses in Zirakpur, Jammu and Mandi to support customers in Punjab, J&K and Himachal Pradesh. Pal Infrastructure Solutions will be offering the entire range of Volvo CE – excavators, wheel loaders, motor graders and road machinery and in addition, will provide aftermarket support to customers in these regions. “At Pal Infrastructure Solutions, we have a strong team of sales and service executives to support the end users in every possible way with their machines. We have also opened outlets at strategic locations to cover the entire region. Presently, Pal Infrastructure Solutions has three fully operational offices and two service points at Shimla and Srinagar,” said Nishant Luthra, Promoter, Pal Infrastructure Solutions. “With the new dealership, we are confident of offering enhanced sales and support to our customers thereby increasing customer satisfaction,” said A.M. Muralidharan, President – Volvo Construction Equipment.
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Infra Pune Metro rail project gets Centre’s nod Pune Metro Rail Project, which aims to improve the public transport system, has got in-principle approval by the Union Urban Development Ministry. The project will cover a length of 31.51 km along two corridors. While corridor-1 will be covering 16.59 km from PCMC to Swargate, corridor-2 will cover 14.92 km from Vanaz to Ramwadi. The project aims to provide a world-class state-of-the-art metro rail system on pattern of Delhi Metro. In-principle approval of the project by the Government of India (GoI) will enable the State Government to take necessary action required for early implementation of the project. Maharashtra has proposed to implement the project through a Special Purpose Vehicle jointly owned by the Centre and the state government.
Afghan builders keen on JV with Indian firms: FICCI The Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) informed that builders from Afghanistan have expressed keen interest in collaborating and forging joint ventures with Indian companies for executing projects in Afghanistan in housing, road construction, schools and hospitals. They have shown interest to source all kinds of building materials and building machinery. The Government of India is in the final stages of preparing a draft MoU under which India will help Afghanistan develop roads and highways and formulate a road transport policy and share its knowledge in transportation technologies. India has carried out several construction and infrastructure projects in Afghanistan, including building its Parliament.
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India’s first Monorail opens for public Eight years after being proposed and six years in the making, Mumbai Monorail finally made its public debut on 1st February. After a series of successful trials, the Maharashtra Chief Minister Prithviraj Chavan inaugurated the government’s show-piece project and thrown open to public from 2nd February. Asserting that his government is making every effort to turn Mumbai into a role model for modern urban development, the Chief Minister said, “After the Monorail we will soon start the Versova-Andheri-Ghatkopar Metro corridor which is awaiting the safety certification. I am sure the Mumbaikars will enjoy Monorail and maintain the same as if it’s their own.” He also said, “Although, implementing heavy duty projects in a populated city like Mumbai is a huge challenge, we are committed to improve city’s infrastructure. The Government will soon sign 36 MoUs for mega projects in the state”. The city is now using the swanky Monorail from 7 in the morning till 3 in the afternoon with each Mono running every 15 minutes. Metropolitan Commissioner, UPS Madan said, “The Monorail is environment-friendly, air-conditioned, safe and economically cheap transport now available for Mumbaikars.”
HCC awarded orders worth ` 725 crore Infrastructure major Hindustan Construction Company (HCC) Ltd. has been awarded contracts worth ` 725 crore in various business segments. The company has received an order worth ` 433 crore from Bihar Rajya Pul Nirman Nigam for construction of 2.9-km long four-lane bridge between Daudnagar and Nasriganj including approach roads over river Sone in Aurangabad and Rohtas. The company has also secured orders aggregating ` 293 crore from water, nuclear and industrial sectors which include developing Bhama Askhed Water Supply Scheme in Pune and construction of buildings for Fast Reactor Fuel Cycle facility (FRFCF) at Kalpakkam being built for Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research. The orders also include structural steel fabrication works for a petrochemical company and civil works for a captive power plant for a aluminium manufacturer in India. On winning contracts in different segments, Arun Karambeklar, President and Whole Time Director, HCC Ltd, said, “We have received well diversified orders in terms of geographic and business spread. These orders reflect HCC’s capability to cater to varied segments in an extremely competitive environment and reinforce our expertise in providing reliable solutions to the business segments we are operating.”
Real Estate Brick Eagle to raise $ 100 mn for affordable housing
BBCL launches luxury apartments in Chennai
Investment manager Brick Eagle Capital Advisory plans to raise $ 100 million to invest in lands for affordable housing development. This will be routed through Brick Eagle’s Singapore fund. Brick Eagle is working towards delivering a million housing units by 2030 and plans to tie-up close to 1,000 acres of lands this year. These lands will be developed to house over 70,000 families in the next 5-7 years. Rajesh Krishnan, Brick Eagle CEO said, “Mumbai remains key focus area for our investments in 2014. Mumbai currently needs over 2.5 million affordable homes and we hope to address at least 1 per cent of this demand through our investments.” Brick Eagle currently manages over 30 million sq.ft. of affordable housing projects, which are at various stages of development.
Pashmina Developers launches smart housing in Mumbai Pashmina Developers has announced the launch of its smart luxurious project, Pashmina Lotus in Powai. With 4 towers of 21 floors each, Pashmina Lotus is a perfect mélange of space and comfort, a majestic structure with a budget starting from Rs 3.25cr, promising a 4-BHK at the price of a 3-BHK. “Associating with the best in the industry, Pashmina Lotus is designed by Hafeez Contractor and constructed by Shapoorji Pallonji & Co. Ltd. to ensure that customer desire and quality are the highest priority. With a location so strategic, Pashmina Lotus offers both, the connectivity to city life and the comfort and tranquillity of the serene lakes and greenery,” the developer said issuing a statement. Starting from the grand double-height lobby to lush green podium landscape, state-of-theart gymnasium to jogging tracks, Pashmina Lotus is designed for a forward lifestyle.
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Chennai-based developer BBCL, a Vummidi Enterprise, launched BBCL VAJRA – a luxury residential apartment project located at West Mogappair. With 3 towers 134 spacious luxury apartments in 14 floors, BBCL Vajra comprises of 2-BHK, 3-BHK and penthouses ranging from 1,306 sq. ft. to 3,000 sq. ft. Mogappair is a fast-developing residential neighbourhood in west Chennai. Situated west of the Jawaharlal Nehru Road (Inner Ring Road); Mogappair is part of the Ambattur zone of the Chennai Corporation. The abundance of highly ranked schools like DAV, Vellammal, specialised hospitals like MMM and Cherian Hospital and recent influx of IT offices in the Industrial Estates have all catapulted Mogappair into a strategic location for business activities.
Piramal, CPPIB form $ 500 mn realty financing fund CPPIB Credit Investments Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Canada Pension Plan Investment Board (CPPIB), and Piramal Enterprises Ltd. (PEL) announced a strategic alliance for providing rupee debt financing to residential projects across India’s major urban centres. CPPIB and PEL have each initially committed $ 250 million for this purpose. Indiareit Fund Advisors, the real estate fund management arm of PEL, has been appointed as advisor. The investment focus shall include the provision of project level debt financing to top tier, local developers with a strong track record in delivering high-quality residential projects. The focus will be on residential developments in Mumbai, Delhi NCR, Bangalore, Pune and Chennai markets with good civic infrastructure, strong employment and population growth forecasts, which provide favourable absorption dynamics for middle income housing. “This opportunity allows us to participate in India’s burgeoning middle class residential sector which has demonstrated compelling fundamentals through ongoing population and income growth, and rapid urbanisation,” said Graeme Eadie, Senior VP and Head of Real Estate Investments, CPPIB. Ajay Piramal, Chairman, Piramal Enterprises said, “The alliance is consistent with PEL’s long term plan and vision of playing a contributing role towards investments that promote growth and underlines the confidence reposed by institutional investors in Indiareit’s capabilities.”
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Green Buildings II feature
Green residential developments gateway to future cities “Green homes is not a cost, it’s an investment that only gets more valuable over time and that holds true no matter the income bracket of the homeowner”
ith climate change, energy, water efficiency and waste management becoming areas of national concern, sustainability and green can no longer be ignored by anyone or any city or community really. Today, in most parts of the world, sustainable developments are slowly replacing traditional construction and building practices in an effort to minimise negative impacts on the environment as much as possible. In India too, green developments are slowly becoming visible in most cities even though a lot of progress is yet to be made. The early adopters in the commercial sector and corporate world have slowly started working their way to creating sustainable and energy efficient spaces in many parts of the country especially in large metros including Delhi, Mumbai, Pune, Bengaluru and Chennai. While this is a welcome move, unless the residential sector also embraces sustainability and green concepts, as a nation very little progress can be made. In India, today the housing sector is growing at an exponential pace and is also
contributing significantly to the Indian economy. While best construction practices are being increasingly employed by many stakeholders in the residential sector, sustainability concepts are only beginning to catch their attention. What’s the deal with green homes? Green homes can have tremendous benefits, both tangible and intangible. The immediate and most tangible benefit is in the reduction in water and operating energy costs right from day one and during the entire life cycle of the building. The energy savings could range from 20 – 30 per cent and water savings around 30 – 50 per cent. Green homes ratings can also enhance marketability for the project. Intangible benefits of green homes include enhanced air quality, excellent day lighting, health and well-being of the occupants, safety benefits and conservation of scarce resources for the nation. Green homes link sustainable materials and practices with better human and environmental health. We are looking at
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several key components being addressed such as energy efficiency, improved water and resource efficiency and better indoor air quality. If these are not addressed effectively, you do not have a green home. With the dramatic increase in the use of various chemicals inside our homes, in many of our new urban dwellings the indoor air is more polluted than the outside air. This can be attributed to the presence of asthmainducing agents such as mould and toxic chemicals in paints, varnishes and other synthetic materials. Internationally indoor air is recognised as one of the top five human health risks by various governmental agencies. Green buildings require the use of nontoxic materials and limit indoor exposure to carcinogens such as formaldehyde in manufactured wood products including plywood and particleboard and volatile organic compounds (VOC’s) in finishes. Home energy uses also contribute to global warming the effect of which has been devastating for our country as witnessed in the recent floods and cyclone at Uttarkhand
feature II Green Buildings and Orissa. The 17th electric power survey of India claims that domestic household accounted for 28 per cent of all electricity in the country. The construction industry as a whole would probably account for a significant portion of the rising Green house gases (GHG) emissions of India. By optimising our buildings, green designs save on oil and gas bills, which are going through the roof and costing the economy precious foreign exchange. But even as green homes gain in popularity, they are still troubled by a sticky association with the rich and perceived by many as expensive for ordinary buyers. Are green homes really expensive? Cost is always a relative issue and what is one man’s necessity can be another’s luxury. However, green homes today in most cases don’t necessarily cost much more than conventional buildings and homes. Go for low-hanging fruits first Not all aspects of green involve additional cost especially the design related ones and those are the first green aspects that all buildings must target. For example, green homes promote harvesting of natural lighting for each apartment and this can be achieved quite easily if planned well in advance. It is a question of an integrated design approach wherein the architect, client and the green experts work closely to simulate and ascertain the extent of natural light penetration within apartments and how it can benefit home owners. Similarly when possible, proper orientation and siting a building with proper shading devices is a simple cost effective thing a builder can do. This optimises solar exposure as the sun travels across the sky. It is surprising that many buildings are orientated without giving a thought to the sun. Similarly designing a home with right location of windows and openings for cross ventilation can help homes harvest more fresh air and provide a nicer environment for all the occupants. There is really no additional cost except that the project team applies their mind and knowledge and comes out with the best designs that can ensure these buildings are better ventilated and also have overall lesser heat ingress compared to conventional buildings. Many of these aspects of designs are not new in Indian context. But then again very few projects really pay attention and apply these basic scientific principles. There is no added cost and the benefit that can be derived is huge and one needs to live in these homes to experience the true benefit. The next level of low-hanging fruit is choosing the right building wall material with optimal thermal mass, shading and window-wall ratio. Passive solar design supplemented with optimal thermal mass inside the house stabilise interior temperatures and take the extreme fluctuations out of cooling and heating loads. Thinking about cost Depending on what is considered in the baseline specifications of a home, the average “green premium” for sustainable design totals no more than Rs. 50 to Rs. 120 per square foot, generally to cover improved envelope, efficient windows, high-efficiency appliances, and in some cases water treatment systems. But the premium
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Green Buildings II feature dwindles as builders gain experience and embed sustainability features as ‘standard’ into their design and construction practices. While there is this additional cost burden for builders, is this really appreciated by home buyers? The answer to this in an Indian context is yes and no. While home buyers today are conversant with green homes and ideally love to live in green homes, very few of them are willing to pay for the additional so-called premium for green homes. Today, an average Indian consumer wants the builder to provide all the “green” specifications within the same budget as a regular home and this is where there is a “communication” disconnect. While most developers today are slowly beginning to embrace green requirements with the fact that buyers are still not ready to pay for it makes these developers want to do only bare minimum things that don’t pinch their budget. So really it is today a chicken or egg story. This scenario is likely to change going forward especially when home buyers start thinking of green homes not as a cost but as an investment. Home buyers needs to consider with green design positive monthly cash flow. For example if the savings from energy conservation are greater than the increase in the monthly cost of the mortgage or construction loan, then the homeowner can literally make money month after month and this is what they need to understand. Green homes is not a cost, it’s an investment that only gets more valuable over time and that holds true no matter the income bracket of the homeowner. Although payback over time is a certainty, the length of time it will take depends on various aspects including future energy and maintenance costs. Today, most green projects look at investments which have a payback of 3-4 years maximum and any green measure with longer payback than this usually doesn’t get implemented. Passive solar technologies, better envelope materials, high-efficiency fixtures and appliances, and sustainable building materials yield the most bang for the buck by far. Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs), for example, cost 3–4 times more than incandescent bulbs, but they use a fraction of the energy and can last ten times longer. After that, systems become far more
expensive with diminishing returns. Solar power is a case in point: Solar hot water units, which cost from around Rs. 100 to 150 per litre depending on size requirements have a typical payback of five years or less, making them somewhat affordable. But solar photovoltaic (PV) panels, which supply a home’s electricity, can run from around Rs. 2 lakhs per kilowatt or more installed and is yet to reach simple economic viability and has storage related costs and issues. Most projects today are definitely looking at solar hot water systems for sure. Some large residential developments especially villas are also looking at providing 3-5 KW panel per villa to take care of the lighting and other common loads even though the paybacks are still in the range of 6-8 years in many cases without considering any incentives or rebates. Even as green housing embraces affordability, others are trying to bring green principles to affordable housing for low-income populations, including the elderly. For example TATA Housing one of the largest residential developers in the country are coming up with several affordable housing developments across India and are still pursuing a green rating for all of them. Similarly large developers such as Oberoi Realty Group, Equinox Realty among others are going green for several of their high-end as well as mid-market residential developments. The kind of specifications and green materials being used in these projects depend on the level of green rating as well as the marketability of these projects but nevertheless one thing that is common is all these projects is that they are striving to reduce energy and water use by a host of various green envelope materials and systems. Most green residential developments are pursuing various water efficiency measures including installation of sewage treatment plants to treat and reusing treated water for landscaping and toilet flushing purposes, rainwater harvesting, use of native and drought tolerant landscaping species to reduce irrigation water consumption, lowflow but high-efficiency toilet fixtures, better irrigation practices such as drip irrigation etc. In the materials front, various green materials are being used today including materials with high recycled
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content, materials that are rapidly renewable such as bamboo, low VOC materials for better indoor air quality etc. Waste management is also another focus area with many developments opting for organic waste management systems or composting systems, on-site recycling practices in an effort to promote green and sustainability among the occupants as well Looking to the future Moving forward, green homes stand to become far more innovative than they are now. Today, the race is on to make houses that generate all their power from renewable sources affordable to ordinary consumers. Internationally many homes are striving to produce as much energy as they consume, a feature known as “net-zero energy homes”. These are ambitious goals for a country of builders trying to adapt to the green mindset. Some are resistant to change—particularly if they’ve been building a certain way for a long time—and resent the intrusion. Others have already been building green for years, but just haven’t called it that. Still others are starting their careers as certified green builders. Greening residential spaces can surely help reduce the overall negative impact on the environment and reverse the practice of unsustainable construction activities while reducing operating costs, enhancing building marketability, increasing occupant satisfaction and all the while creating spaces that are healthier spaces to live and work. For us in India, it is crucial that these important aspects of sustainability are addressed by the construction industry as we build the nation’s infrastructure for the next century over the next couple of decades. All we need is more people to transform the n market place and educate the public.
Deepa Sathiaram, Executive Director, En3 Sustainability Solutions
Green Buildings II PROFILE
Godrej Green Building Consultancy Services:
design solutions for building a better tomorrow Godrej & Boyce specialises in green building design consulting, MEP design consulting, building commissioning, building simulation, Building Information Modeling (BIM) and third-party auditing services
he green building movement in India was started with CII-Godrej Green Business Centre. The first platinum- rated green building is a unique public-private partnership of CII, the Government of Andhra Pradesh, USAID and Pirojsha Godrej Foundation. Being a pioneer of green building movement in India, Godrej & Boyce is one of the most experienced green building consultants now. The company specialises in green building design consulting, MEP Design consulting, building commissioning, building simulation and third-party auditing services. It has completed more than 100 green building certified and pre- certified projects and is working on more than 300 projects.
• IGBC EB (Existing Buildings) Rating System for any type of existing building such as residential, commercial, institutional etc. U.S Green Building Council (USGBC) • LEED CI (Commercial Interiors) Rating System for rented/own office space in a commercial building • LEED EB (Existing Buildings) Rating System for any type of existing building such as residential, commercial, institutional, malls etc. The Energy and Resource Institute (TERI)
Green building rating systems
Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) Rating System for any kind of new development such as residential, commercial, institutional etc.
Godrej & Boyce provides green building services under following rating systems:
Indian Green Building Council (IGBC) • LEED India NC (New Construction) Rating System for self-occupied commercial buildings such as corporate head quarters, hotels, hospitals, schools etc. • LEED India CS (Core and Shell) Rating System for commercial buildings wherein space is rented out to other parties, e.g. IT parks and malls. • IGBC Green Homes Rating System for residential buildings. • IGBC Green Factory Rating System for industrial and manufacturing facilities. • IGBC Green Township Rating System for large mixed use townships consisting of residential, commercial and institutional buildings.
Godrej & Boyce provides services to real estate developers, architects, multinational banks, institutions like schools and hospitals, hotels, malls and factories. Green building design consultancy A hand holding exercise, assisting and guiding the project team toward environmentally benign design for green building certification. MEP design consultancy Provide design services in area of heating ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC), electricals, fire protection, plumbing, building automation, other low voltage systems like fire detection and alarm, public address, access control, CCTV monitoring,
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data and voice evacuation etc. Building Information Model (BIM) BIM is the process of developing a virtual, three-dimensional, information rich model to design, construct and maintain a building project. It not only manages graphics but also helps in automatic generation of drawings, reports and design analysis. Building simulations Building simulation is a software-based analysis to optimise energy efficiency and climate responsive building design from design development stage itself. Conduct whole building simulation to assist architects, consultants and project team to decide on design strategies, achieve overall energy efficiency, selection of building materials and reducing the operation cost of a project. Building commissioning services A systematic process to verify and document the building energy performance as designed to meet the owner’s requirements. Third-party audits
It is a physical inspection and analysis of energy, water, fire and/or waste management systems. Such analysis facilitates the users to improve its operating efficiency and reduces wastage of precious resources. n For more details, contact Yogesh Manjrekar, Deputy Manager – Marketing Email-id: email@example.com Mobile: +91-9819344315
Green Buildings II COVER STORY
Avani Riverside: Indiaâ€™s first platinum rated mall unveils Avani Riverside mall, the crowning glory of Hooghly riverbank, is a standard of sustainable development not only in Kolkata but in India
Avani Riverside mall (Interior)
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COVER STORY II Green Buildings
Avani Riverside mall (Foodcourt)
Avani Riverside mall (1st floor)
alls are symbols of urbanisation and prosperity in big cities. Today malls are more than a place to shop; they are now the centre of social activities and big businesses. Be it entertainment, food or fitness, malls have become an integral part of modern lifestyle. At the same time, malls can contribute hugely in greenhouse gas emission consuming energy inefficiently and using natural resources indiscriminately. As the concept of green buildings is getting popularised even in the commercial space, the mall owners in India are not very far in adapting it. And Avani Riverside mall in Kolkata is leading by example. It is the first mall in India to be awarded with a platinum rating for energy conservation by the Indian Green Building Council (IGBC). The mall had earlier been presented a number of awards which include 7-star rating by CRISIL, 5-star award by BEE and National Award for Energy Conservation 2013 from the President of India in general category. The mall as a green building ensures efficient use of natural resources like building materials, water, energy and other resources with minimal generation of non-degradable waste. Technologies like efficient cooling systems have sensors that can sense temperature and humidity and automatically adjust the room temperature, saving energy. It applies to lighting systems too. Mall has a smarter lighting system that automatically switches off when no one is present inside the rooms. Use of energy efficient LEDâ€™s and CFLâ€™s instead of conventional incandescent lamp, new generation appliances that consume less energy and many other options help in making the buildings green and make them different from conventional one in one word the entire building is fully automated. Appealing factors for a platinum rating Apart from occupying large amount of spaces, malls in India consume a lot of water and energy. Avani group adopted unique design features and operational practices which not only made it a sustainable structure but also helped it to bag a platinum rating from IGBC.
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Green Buildings II COVER STORY Highlighting its unique features, Subir Das, COO, Avani Riverside mall said, “Green building as a structure ensures the efficient use of natural resources like building materials, water, energy and other resources with minimal generation of non-degradable waste. The design features and best operational practices followed are the key factors that contributed to get the platinum certificate.” Some of the green initiatives at Avani Riverside include use of CLC bricks, optimal window wall ratio and use of updated technologies. The full automation in all spheres through BMS - starting from HVAC operation, lighting control through Lux sensor, motion sensors and time scheduling to help desk or complain monitoring system. Managing water efficiently is one of the key factors contributes to the efficiency of a building. At Avani Riverside, efficient water management system has been implemented and harvesting tank and recharge pits are designed to optimum use of rainwater. Energy efficient equipment like watercooled chillers, heat recovery units, VFD controlled fans and fully automated building management systems are installed for effective management of building energy and internal environment of the building.
Talking about its appealing factors, M. Anand, Principal Counsellor at IGBC said, “Any project getting a rating from IGBC should excel in the five elements which include site, water efficiency, energy efficiency, materials used, and indoor environmental quality. Every IGBC-certified project should do well in these five elements. With 45 credit points from the IGBC, Avani Riverside is the first mall in the country to get the platinum rating which is the highest green rating.” Uniqueness Dynamic thinking is one of the key reasons which make Avani Riverside different from other malls; but its green features, water and energy efficient technologies, and design take it on a different level when compared to other malls. “Avani Riverside mall is able to showcase 23 per cent reduction in energy. It has energy efficient lighting system and water cooled chillers which helps energy efficient airconditioning system. It has also gone for energy efficient equipment like printers, refrigerators and other appliances. It has achieved 40 per cent reduction in water consumption,” explained Mr Anand. All the taps, showers, WCs and urinals installed in this mall consume very little
Avani Riverside mall (Mall Exterior)
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water. Every droplet of water is treated and reused in this mall. It has a sewage treatment plant (STP) to treat the entire black and grey water generated. It also has an efficient organic waste management facility.” Advantages There are many advantages to green sustainable architecture. One of the biggest advantages is that it helps sustain environment. However it proves beneficial to the owners too by reducing day-to-day operating expenditure drastically.
Subir Das, COO, Avani Riverside mall
Higher construction costs can generally be avoided by the inclusion of green design from the outset of the project
COVER STORY II Green Buildings Mr Anand proves his point by saying, “The shop owners and tenants will consume very little energy and water. Every person walking into the mall will be provided with fresh air, so their productivity and quality of life will enhance. Facilities like elevators, escalators consume less energy. All the furnishing products, carpets and paints are environment friendly. Bottom line is the mall owners need to pay less toward electricity and water usages.” Influence of rating programmes on Green building markets: Rating programmes like IGBC’s play a very significant role in promoting green buildings. The whole idea behind these certification programmes is conservation and healthier environment.
Avani Riverside mall (Entrance)
Mr Anand explains how the IGBC’s green ratings programmes prove to be helpful. He says, “When we started this movement in 2000, the number of buildings registered in first 2-3 years were hardly 10 or 15. Today, we are handling 2,392 individual projects amounting to 1.8 billion sq. ft. These buildings are able to save almost 15,000 MW of electricity, 45,000 kilo litres of water and 12,000 to 15,000 tonnes of CO2 reduction per million sq. ft. These buildings are brought in 5 MW of renewable energy.” Green is not expensive The benefits to green building are manifold, and may be categorised along three fronts: environmental, economic, and social. A common impression about green building Avani Riverside mall (Foodcourt entrance)
M. Anand, Principal Counsellor, IGBC
With 45 credit points from the IGBC, Avani Riverside is the first mall in the country to get the platinum rating which is the highest green rating
is that the green premium is too expensive to be considered economically feasible. Absolutely denying this myth, Mr Das says, “Studies have shown that the costs of green buildings are not substantially higher than regular development projects. Higher construction costs can generally be avoided by the inclusion of green design from the outset of the project.”
that are going green, hospitality sector has also ventured on that path. According to Mr Anand, “Green is the only way for world. Buildings like Avani Riverside mall consume very less energy and immediately address the bottom-line of the owner. Imagine every building is green in the country, the overall power demand and water demand will come down. So there is a whole benefit for individual, society, and the nation at large.”
Future looks green Green building is not only a simple development trend but an approach to constructing building suited to the demands of its time, whose relevance and importance will only continue to increase. It’s not just the residential and commercial buildings
It is believed that, with the success of Kolkata’s Avani Riverside mall, the idea of “green mall” will be replicated across n the country.
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Green Buildings II case study
Surmount’s USGBC Platinum certified Green Office
Smart device manages smart spaces The case study shows how headquarters of Surmount manages to check all key elements outlined by the definition of a green interior, earning the USGBC’s Platinum rating 26
he example set by India’s first LEED platinum rated green building – the CII-Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre in Hyderabad, set the ball rolling for a variety of green certifications in the different categories of buildings including homes, factories and commercial spaces among others back in 2001. As a provider of green services to the real estate, Surmount Energy Solutions Pvt. Ltd. chose to lead by example too – a green consultancy working out of a green office seems befitting to the intention and purpose of the movement of ‘greening the urban-scape’. Set in the commercial heart of Navi Mumbai, CBD Belapur, the headquarters of Surmount
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manages to check all key elements outlined by the definition of a green interior, earning it the USGBC’s highest i.e. Platinum rating for a green commercial interiors. Features such as high albedo (highly reflective surfaces) surfaces to tackle excessive heating up, xeriscaping, water-less urinals, water efficient fixtures for sensible water management, material with recycled content as well as rapidly renewable material in the interiors and furnishings, energy efficient fixtures, LED signage, motion and daylight sensors for optimal energy use have all contributed in making the office an epitome of sustainability. Energy efficiency is further aided by on-site solar PV system that contributes to the site’s energy use.
case study II Green Buildings
Green cover in terrace
Further to creating an environmentally efficient built-space, another achievement of the company is its indigenous range of automation systems named BuildTrack. The ingenuity of this system lies in its ability to address three important requirements of the Indian real estate today, making it a three-pronged by-product of Surmountâ€™s expertise in sustainability. These include characteristic limitations that the Indian conditions pose for many of the available automation brands such as fluctuating
Solar-powered energy generation
power surges, unfamiliarity with equipment amongst the larger population etc.; energy efficiency through innovatively designed home and facility automation products; and finally integrated security and surveillance systems for homes and communities. The basic principle of reducing wastage through sensible use of resources powers the work behind BuildTrack. The design and implementation of the green office along with the automation system primarily maximises on available daylight during the
day and sensors ensure the switching off of lighting and heating/cooling equipment in absence of occupancy. Changing and rest rooms with smart water efficient fixtures along with xeriscaping have enabled up to 45 per cent water use reduction in the premise which was above the required average as per the certification. One of the most distinctive features of BuildTrack is its transferability on to various smart devices, including phones
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Green Buildings II case study
Sustainable site and location
Surmount-Green office layout
and tablets that bring home, facility and community management and automation to our fingertips. The integration of the automation system in these devices enables users to control installed systems remotely through customised apps that also allow the design of the layout of the home/facility. Surmount created and employed their own in-house research and manufacturing facility in creating this automation service in response to the
One of the BuildTrack demonstration centres
and other clients of Surmount initiating them into green construction and finally Surmount’s Training Centre (STC) offers training courses for professionals and students of the industry to acquire green know-how and professional certification from IGBC. With increasing environmental consciousness seeping into all spheres of the country’s development including urbanisation, it is only natural that there will be growing demand Energy Materials Indoor environmental quality Renewable Security for appropriately skilled employers and employees. “non-availability of indigenous technology The principle behind STC is to address this tailor-made for India. This has given rise to very demand. Moreover, through services highly specialised “Smart Home and Facility such as green certification and BuildTrack Management and Automation”. this consciousness will gradually enter the everyday lives of customers and clients. These measures taken internally are additionally complemented by extensive Along with designing its own green office, Education and Training initiatives taken the company began its green-work by by the organisation. This ranges from enabling energy and water efficiency in the a Demonstration Centre for BuildTrack, CBD Station Complex through a combination training programmes for builders, developers of energy-water audits, implementation of essential BuildTrack components to achieve saving upto and over 30 per cent. Other key highlights of their work in the Indian real estate include scores of projects with some of the leading developers and builders facilitating certification through IGBC, USGBC and GRIHA among others.
A part of the automation system installed in the office
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The idea behind this venture was to highlight the potential of green certification for built spaces in India, considering some of the challenges that the market here faces are affordability, the need for imported material etc. The endeavour was to create a model of a sustainable work environment in-house that exemplifies energy, water and material efficiency using our own expertise and locally available resources, in other words, to test how a truly green project can be designed to the capabilities of our own country. The work has just begun. With India’s status as a developing country and the rapid pace of urbanisation, the potential for green is immense and can be conveniently integrated in the ongoing n developmental process.
Green Buildings II PROFILE
MYK Laticrete: contributing to green buildings in India MYK Laticrete India had been advocating and promoting their product range to ensure “breathe easy” for all end users of their products
ll of us today are exposed to many difficult and harsh environments during our daily course of professional work, travel and even in leisure. It is important to for all of us to breathe easy and maintain good health during most part of day. The green revolution initiated by Indian Green Building Council in India aims at making this objective easy and available to all of us by educating all stake holders in the building industry and had been making valiant efforts to achieve this objective. One important aspect of this initiative is promoting green products which do not harm the health of occupants of the buildings hence making them safe to live in and breathe easy. The rating system of green buildings is based on the degree of good health that we all can enjoy. Besides, the future generations who have the right to live healthy are also ensured of good health and long happy lives with the green initiative and revolution in India.
As part of this green movement, MYK Laticrete India had been advocating and promoting their product range to ensure “breathe easy” for all end users of their products. The products, not only can save natural resources like water (used for curing purposes in cement based structures) but also ensure the good health of the occupants of the structure. Given below are some important contributions from MYK Laticrete India.
LEED NC green building rating system LEED NC MYK Laticrete India tile adhesive credits MYK Laticrete India can assist architects and designers in a number of key areas to accumulate potential LEED credits towards project certification. The process of documenting these credits requires technical data from MYK Laticrete India signed authority or engineer. MR Credit 2.1 and 2.2 (construction waste management) • Intent of this section is to divert construction,demolition and land cleaning debris in landfills and incerators • MYK Laticrete range of tile adhesives are factory packed and ready-to-use. Significally reduce field spillages of loose materials like cement and sand with no scrap that would ordinarily be delivered into construction waste. • Credit potential: 1-2. MR Credit 5.1 and 5.2 (regional materials) • Intent of this section is to increase demand for building materials that are extracted and manufactured within the region,thereby supporting the regional economy and reducing the environmental impacts resulting from transportation • This credit may be applicable for projects located within 800 kms of the MYK Laticrete India manufacturing facility in Hyderabad, Rajasthan, and Tamil Nadu.
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• One credit may be available for 20 per cent (based on cost) of the total materials value manufatured within 800 kms of the project site • One additional credit may be available for minimum of 50 per cent (10 per cent total) of the materials value given in MR credit 5.1, that are extracted, harvested or recovered (as well as manufactured) within 800 kms of project site • Credit potential: 2.
EQ Credit 4.1: low-emitting materials • Intent of this section is to reduce the quantity of indoor air contaminants that are odorous, irritatng and/or harmful to the comfort and well-being of installers and occupants • MYK Laticrete adhesives, grouts, skim coats, sealers and waterproofing membranes used on the interior of the building (defined as inside of the weatherproofing system and applied onsite) comply with the requirements of the reference standard n • Credit potential: 1 point. Contact: MYK Laticrete 8-2-703/A, Fourth Floor, Leela Gopal Towers, Road No.: 12, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500 034 Tele: +91-40-30413100 Fax: +91-40-23378784 firstname.lastname@example.org www.myklaticrete.com
Green Buildings II Promotional Feature
Need of visionary leadership for green, sustainable India
“Green education and green jobs will be an important agenda of the green manifesto designed by our political leaders for the green and sustainable tomorrow,” writes Mala Singh, Member-Green Building Committee, Forest & Environment Department, Govt. of Gujarat 34
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“The empires of the future are empires of the mind”. This quote by Winston Churchill clearly underlines the fact that great cities/ countries are in fact built upon the visions of great leaders. History has shown us various examples of great leaders who have included people in their vision and resulted in prosperous, thriving regions. One such example is the vibrant state of Gujarat which has thrived in all aspects under the strong leadership of its Chief Minister, Narendra Modi. Also known as the jewel of the West, the state of Gujarat has been making its mark in Indian urbanisation and development for the past two decades. Whether it is in the field of industrialisation, education, utility management, healthcare or security, Gujarat has proved its prowess in all. In 13 years of Narendra Modi’s leadership, Gujarat has been listed as one of the few accepted model provinces in the globalised world. But what makes this state quite unique is the huge importance given to environment. Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi has made it the state’s prime agenda to be actively involved in environmental preservation and management for which various green initiatives have been undertaken. One of the main problems created due to large scale industrialisation and pollution is climate change. To tackle it,
Promotional Feature Gujarat established a separate department for Climate change (first one in Asia), thus starting off a trend not only in India, but in Asia as well. Water being a resource of critical importance in Gujarat, a state-wide mission was taken up to handle water related problems. As a part of the Government initiative taken, state-wide drinking water grids, micro harvesting structures etc. were set up.This helped to alleviate Gujarat’s water woes to a great extent. Gujarat Government under Modi’s leadership has also taken up measures to encourage energy generation using renewable sources. Gujarat being characterised with hot and dry climate most of the year, has a huge potential for tapping solar energy and reduce dependence on non-renewable resources. Working along the same lines, Gujarat government set up a 600 MW solar park at Charanka near Patan. It is a matter of great pride for India that this park, situated on approximately 2669 acres of wasteland is the largest of its kind in Asia which accounts for about 66 per cent of India’s solar power. This solar park also has wind mills installed to generate over100 MW of wind power, thus making it the biggest solar-wind hybrid park in the world. To create overall decrement in the carbon footprint,
biodiesel based commercial bus services were introduced which is the first of its kind in India.Narendra Modi led government has also undertaken a ‘social forestry programme’ which helps to improve overall green cover of the state. In the process, mangrove cover has been increased upto 936 kms and noticeable areas of wastelands have got converted to green areas.
II Green Buildings
Taking the concept of green buildings one step further, the Gujarat government has undertaken the new Raksha Shakti University (RSU) project under the GRIHA LD rating and the whole master planning has been done as per defined norms under GRIHA LD to promote sustainable development at macro level in the state of Gujarat. This dream project of Gujarat is first of its genre which provides courses in police service and internal security. According to VasthuShilpa consultants, RSU project will be an inspirational benchmark to promote Indian traditional and heritage architecture. PEC Solutions Green Designs Pvt Ltd – The Green Advocacy Groupis on board advisor to guide Green and sustainability norms for this project.The entire project has been designed with minimum building footprint and retention of natural topographic areas. According to Me, this entire project is being designed through a holistic approach and specific measures and efforts will be undertaken to recharge aquifers, reduce soil erosion, and develop green belt which will help to achieve no: 4 mission of Climate Change of the Nation. To reduce embodied energy and material wastage, eco-friendly materials and strategies have been incorporated in the project. Any good planning can give best results, if implemented on ground intelligently. To achieve this target, RSU management has appointed a team of well experienced project management consultancy and contractors team consisting of civil, safety and environmental engineers which will help in effective implementation and monitoring throughout the project life cycle. To establish a green milestone for this project, RSU management has decided to educate their contractors and site team in the beginning itself for better understanding of green and environment conservation measures.
The Government of Gujarat has also been a frontrunner in promoting the concept of green buildings. Almost all of the new Government buildings are now green rated buildings with importance being given to effective resource utilisation and related efficiencies. One such example is the new head office for the Gujarat Pollution Control Board (GPCB) which is a self-sufficient green and solar building. The established Solar photo voltaic cell system (SPVS) is to cater for the entire building’s energy requirements as well as provide excess power (if produced) to meet other building’s energy needs. Also the building’s water requirements are being catered via water management measures like rain water harvesting, use of recharge wells etc. thus reducing the overall water demand upon the municipal water supply.
We need visionary leaders to promote green and sustainable development in our country. Presently the future of environment and green professionals does not seem so good which it should be keeping in mind the present scenario to promote sustainable development. I hope green education and green jobs will be an important agenda of the green manifesto designed by our political leaders for the green and n sustainable tomorrow.
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Wa r e h o u s e Curved Roof
Airport Hanger R a i l w a y Ya r d
Garden Sheds/Residential Usage
Most Durable & Aesthetic Pre-Painted Galvanized Profile Sheets & Accessories for Roofing and Cladding Solution. Website : www.nsail.com | e-mail: email@example.com
Phone: +91-731-2518167 - 9, 2528133; Fax: 91-731-2516714, 2527250
401, Mahakosh House, 7/5 South Tukoganj, Nath Mandir Road, Indore. 452 001
Manufacturer & Exporter : National Steel & Agro Industries Ltd.
Green Buildings II INTERVIEW
Q GREEN: promoting green technology in construction industry “We can, with a lot of confidence, ability and capability, be the number one company in India in a short time,” says Nitin Karande, Partner, Q Green
hough the life cycle cost of fly ash based building constructions is much lower, the Indian market is yet to accept it wholeheartedly. In an interview with ACE Update, Nitin Karande explains the advantages of this technology and says “AAC blocks and products are been looked as the future of brick industry in India.”
bricks, whereas the carpet area also increases which is the indirect but a big benefit to the customer.
Q GREEN is in the business of fly ash bricks and blocks, pavers and concrete block making machines manufacturing since 2007. Please start with a brief overview of your business, products and services. Q Green is in the business of fly ash brick making since last 12 years and in the business of machines for the same since 2007. We are the leading plant and machinery manufacturers and technology providers for fly ash bricks, concrete blocks, pavers and Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC) blocks. We provide state-of-theart machines with latest technological updates. We are in the process to promote green technology in construction industry.
How do you view the acceptance of your kind of products in the Indian market? There is a lot of awareness of all such products particularly in the metros and all major cities of India. In fact people are asking for these products and machines for production of these products.
Do fly ash bricks and blocks contribute to the material efficiency of a building? Fly ash bricks and blocks, certainly contribute to the material efficiency of the building in direct as well as indirect form. Due to its size and shape the thickness of mortar and plaster required is less as compared to clay
How do they contribute to the overall strength and durability of a structure? The properties of these bricks are far better than the conventional bricks in all respect.
Though the life cycle cost of fly ash based building constructions is much lower, the Indian market is yet to accept it wholeheartedly. Can you share the reason? We do agree that even though the life cycle cost of fly ash based building constructions is much lower, the Indian market is yet to accept it whole heartedly. We need to educate the people in the interiors to promote this product. We need to wipe out the myths from the minds of the people from the rural. People still feel that why should I build my house from the bricks made from the ashes. Could you elaborate further on your association with China’s Beijing REIT
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Technology Development Co. Ltd.? We are in technical collaboration with a blue chip company from China, namely Beijing REIT Technology Development Co. Ltd. REIT is the largest manufacturer and exporter of concrete block making plant in China. We also are in technical collaboration with another blue chip company from China - Wuxi Sankon Auto Equipment Co. Ltd. Sankon is the top grade company in China for providing complete solution of AAC plant. AAC blocks and products are been looked as the future of brick industry in India. Till today there was no one in India from the organised segment and with thorough technical back-up who could provide both these technologies. We are the only organisation in India who has such a range of products with a very strong technical backup. How have these tie-ups helped your business value proposition? With the help of both these giants from the industry, we are able to penetrate in almost every corner of this country. We are the most cost effective and can deliver these machines at a lesser time because we have started manufacturing these machines in our factory. How do you foresee Q GREEN’s market position in the next five years? We can, with a lot of confidence, ability and capability, be the number one company in India in a short time. n
Green Buildings II Feature
Young entrepreneurs shaping sustainable growth in India
Nalanda University, Bihar
dbHMS won the Nalanda University design competition along with Vastushilp Architects. The buildings of the university would be designed on the concept of “net zero” energy consumption
Sameer Divekar MD, dbHMS
bHMS is a team of young entrepreneurs who have been doing creative and innovative work in India and USA. The company is known as an “innovative brain” in number of competition winning entries in building industry. Its latest achievement has been winning the Nalanda University design competition along with Vastushilp Architects. The university will be a trendsetter project with a goal to achieve net zero energy, net zero water and net zero waste for a development of over 335 acres. dbHMS offers specialised and focused sustainable and engineering design solutions in Indian and USA market. With in-depth understanding of Indian climate, culture and having worked on latest technologies in USA, dbHMS becomes a perfect bridge for projects, which are looking for contextual but innovative solutions. Started operation in India in 2009, dbHMS has been part of various projects where it has been successful in creating contextual but smart technology solutions. Some key projects Institute of Rural Research and Development, Gurgaon dbHMS designed a radian cooling air conditioning system for the project. Various air-conditioning options were compared in energy simulation software to select the most appropriate system for the project. The project uses radiant cooling technology for condition the space. This technique has reduced the overall air circulation requirement by 70 per cent. There is an equal cooling and conditioning cost is 40 per cent less as compared to traditional air-conditioning. The project also has state-of-the-art building system monitoring system and capacity to monitor
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Feature II Green Buildings
IIT Gandhinagar, Student Mess, Gujarat
control and track energy consumption of the building. The project is also certified LEED platinum building. IIT Gandhinagar, Student Mess, Gujrat dbHMS is designing a passive down drop cooling strategy for the Student Mess building. The building volume is designed to work as a passive cooling system. It has a central supply tower and peripheral exhaust shafts. Misting is done at the top of central shaft. Misting reduces the air temperature and at the same time air becomes heavy. Heavy air drops down pushing warm air out from exhaust shafts. Volumetric balancing of
Institute of Rural Research and Development, Gurgaon
the building is done through computational fluid dynamic analysis. The building will achieve comfort with marginal consumption of electricity.
features a Desiccant Assisted Evaporative (DEVAP) cooling strategy, which relies on an array of towers throughout the site to direct dehumidified air across bodies of water. This is the first time this system will be used in India. The system, which reduces humidity in the air, will allow engineers to utilise simple cooling principles to create a site-wide microclimate across the campus. n
Nalanda University, Bihar dbHMS is working with Nalanda University to finalise a net-zero energy master plan for the new university campus in Rajgir, Bihar. dbHMSâ€™s innovative site-wide energy plan
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Green Buildings II Promotional Feature
building sustainable and green innovations
IMTMA, Bangalore International Exhibition Centre, Bangalore
The company takes all the norms of green buildings into consideration during its design stage itself so that the end user will reap the benefits leading to saving on raw material and natural resources
green building is one which consumes less water, conserves natural resources, optimises energy efficiency, generates less waste and provides good working environment when compared to a conventional building. Indian Green Building Council (IGBC) is the agency in India that certifies the existing buildings such as corporate offices, hotels, hospitals, airports, IT parks, SEZs, townships, gated communities, residential buildings, government offices, schools, colleges, factories (manufacturing facilities), etc. with LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certification as per green building standards from the U.S. Green Building Council. IGBC, formed by Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) in 2001, is continuously striving towards wider adoption of ecofriendly, green building concepts in the Indian industry. IGBC promotes a wholebuilding approach to sustainability, based on the performance in the following five key areas - sustainable
site development, water savings, energy efficiency, materials selection and indoor environmental quality Real estate is a significant contributor to global warming due to extensive use of energy causing greenhouse gases (GHGs)
SKF Technologies, Mysore
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emissions. This has made very crucial to develop sustainable building technologies and green buildings. Though penetration of green construction is still minimal in India, the concept of green construction has caught the fancy of many stakeholders and has a lot of potential in coming
Promotional Feature II Green Buildings future. The currently prevailing buzzword “green” has also instigated to develop products that are green in nature as more and more real estate developers, owners and architects are adopting this concept to develop sustainable and green buildings. Moreover, many of the experts have got the impression that green projects are costlier than regular ones. But the price difference is very minimal and is easily recovered over subsequent years of usage and the benefits provided by the project. Pre-engineered steel building (PEB) is one of the first choices when it comes to sustainable and green buildings. Kirby Building Systems India Ltd (Kirby India) is in the forefront of this innovation and is leading the revolution of green construction in the country through its PEB technology. Steel is the preferred material for all prefab structures and PEB use steel which is more than 90 per cent recyclable. These buildings are cost effective, energy efficient and provide better quality environment as they are cooler in hot conditions due to the favourable roofing material and natural ventilation. The use of sky lights and solar panels on rooftops will meet daylight and captive power requirements and at the same time reduce emissions and gain carbon credits under clean development mechanism. Effective usage of insulation material, louvers and other materials also help in making PEB one of the most preferred green buildings.
Kirby India designs buildings as per national and international standards like AISC, AISI, MBMA, IS, etc. through its proprietary software and other standard packages. The company takes all the norms of green buildings into consideration during its design stage itself so that the end user will reap the benefits leading to saving on raw material and natural resources. As per green building norms, all the buildings should have certain percentage of natural lighting, air ventilation, very minimal VOC content in paint consumption, SRI value of roof sheeting, etc. Kirby India supplies its buildings with all these conditions but based on the customer’s requirement. All the materials supplied by the company are easily recyclable and none of materials are harmful to the environment. The company is also a member of IGBC and is always looking forward to be a part of green buildings and eco-friendly products.
IMTMA building is an exhibition hall is awarded with the prestigious “LEED Certified” rating for Leadership in Energy and Environment Design (LEED) by the U. S. Green Building Council for its environmentally-friendly design. Similarly, SKF Technologies facility at Mysore has achieved Gold Rating and Zahoransky Moulds & Machines Pvt Ltd facility at Coimbatore has received Platinum Rating. All these PEB buildings are supplied by Kirby India and many such facilities across India are green in nature and have received IGBC certification. Kirby Building Systems India Ltd (Kirby India) has a capacity of 200,000 MT per annum with Hyderabad and Haridwar each having an annual capacity of 100,000 MT respectively, thereby making the company a leading player in the Indian PEB market. Kirby India has over 27 sales offices and a network of more than 100 certified builders to cater to the erection procedures as per the international standards capable to handle any type of complexity under adverse site conditions. The company has served over 4,500 customers with more than 15,000 buildings spread over an area of 20 million sq.m. since its inception. Kirby India has the privilege of partnering who’s who of corporates both from national and international front operating across all industry segments by setting up their facilities in India and across the globe.
Kirby India has already supplied PEB to many of its clientele that satisfies all the green building norms laid down by IGBC. Some of the clientele include ITC Ltd, IMTMA – Bangalore (Bangalore International Exhibition Centre), SKF Technologies - Mysore, Zahoransky Moulds & Machines Pvt Ltd - Coimbatore and many more. Because of increasing demand, more and more manufacturing companies are now realising the importance of incorporating sustainability within their overall business strategies.
Over the years, Kirby India has evolved from a mere manufacturer of PEB to a total solution provider that is capable of supplying a packaged solution for all building requirements maintaining international quality standards and fulfilling the entire customer demand. Like a true leader, it has constantly tried to set new standards in the PEB industry. Its buildings have stood the test of time, time and again against all odds – manmade n and natural.
For more information, contact: Deepesh Nagar Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Tele.: +91-845522401 / 02 www.kirbyinternational.com
Zahoransky Moulds & Machines Pvt. Ltd., Coimbatore
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Green Buildings II Promotional Feature
PEBS Pennar: setting green standards The article highlights PEBS Pennar’s green innovations in making a green building
ennar Engineered Building Systems Ltd. (PEBS Pennar), an ISO 9001:2008 certified company, is into design, manufacture, supply, and installation of cost-effective preengineered steel buildings and building components for industries, warehouses, commercial centres, multi-storey buildings, aircraft hangars, defence installations, and sports stadia. PEBS Pennar has been on the forefront of technological innovation, setting the benchmark for others to emulate in the area of pre-engineered building (PEB) systems. Strict adherence to the highest quality standards, coupled with characteristics such as design distinction, international expertise, and innovation, have made the company the preferred choice of a wide range of clientele. PEBS Pennar follows strict adherence to design codes and practices. The company
posses latest engineering updates and software to design highly complex buildings. Its designs are vetted by institutions like IIT Madras and IISC Bangalore on regular basis. Normally, its steel buildings fetch 15 to 20 LEED points and can gain more by adding some features like roofing system with high SRI index, roof top solar system, energy simulation etc. PEBS Pennar has a specialised department to advice customers on green buildings. A green building has characteristics that reduce its environmental impact during its life cycle - from construction all the way through to the end of the building’s useful life. These green building characteristics are measured against three criteria: • Environmental: The impact the building will have today and in the future when considering factors as energy usage, efficient use of space, recyclability, materials used for construction, all in an effort to conserve natural resources.
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• Economic: Lowering operating costs, enhancing asset value, improving productivity, as well as optimising lifecycle performance. • Health and community: Improvement of air quality, occupant comfort, and overall health conditions. PEBS Pennar’s manufacturing unit being India’s first gold rated green building, always supports the customers in making their building a green environmental friendly building. Pre-engineered building itself being environmental friendly building adds the advantages to the make it a green building. PEBS Pennar has made some green innovations to make the building a green building. Steel - the green metal Steel is the basic material that is used in the construction of a pre engineered building. It
negates the harmful effects associated with concrete and cement. Steel used by Pebs Pennar for any building can be 100 per cent recycled in the future, after the building has lived its life. Steel also lowers the life cycle cost as it is easier to maintain. Heat island effect PEBS Pennar uses metal roof panels that have high solar reflectance index (SRI). This helps in reducing the energy consumption and the heat island effect. Insulated metal panels PEBS Pennar offers effective insulation solutions for both the roof and walls. The panels have a superior R value that will contribute towards greater thermal and energy efficiency. SkyLights SkyLights help in ushering natural light into the building. This ensures minimum or negligible usage of artificial lighting thus contributing towards lesser emissions. Regional materials usage Materials that are used by PEBS Pennar are procured from regional sources. This helps to cut costs and emissions on transportation and logistics. Innovation and design The PEBs fabricated by PEBS Pennar use appropriate software, which ensure that resources are optimised. Long bay spacing PEBS Pennar offers long bay spacing that will help in reducing the number of footings for any site. This technique ensures that civil work is reduced, usage of materials is optimised thus maintaining the ecological balance. Renewable energy options PEBS Pennar efficient leak proof Double Lok roofing system enables the installation of solar panels on the roof top. Solar power helps customers in meeting their power requirements, reducing the emissions and in the process becomes eligible for carbon credits under CDM. It has been widely acknowledged that buildings consume a major portion of materials, resources and energy, thus contributing directly or indirectly to the environmental maladies. Therefore the paradigm of green buildings has been evolved to counter the n malignant effects on the environment.
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PEB II Industry Analysis
PEB Industry upbeat on growth prospects PEB industry in India poised for a sea change due to its new potential application areas in the new heavy engineering and larger infrastructure projects
onstruction industry is one of the key factors contributing to India’s fast growing economy. In the last few years, the industry has discovered, created and developed a number of technologies, systems and products. One of such innovations is the concept of pre-engineered buildings (PEB). PEB system has already made waves internationally but in India it is still at the growing stage. Day-by-day, PEB system is becoming the most preferred choice among the architects, builders, developers and industrialists owing to the benefits it offers. In India, PEB is mostly used in industrial segment for factories, warehouses, etc. but now it is venturing in other sectors too. Current status Over the past decade, PEB system has significantly emerged as the best solution in industrial, commercial, institutional and infrastructure sectors. Today, the PEB market is experiencing dynamic growth in India. Highlighting the journey of PEB in India Gautam Suri, CTO and Founder Director, Interarch Building Products Pvt. Ltd. says, “Automotive, power, logistics, pharmaceuticals, FMCG, and retail sectors are providing huge growth opportunity for PEB in India. Though, the PEB industry is still in its infancy, over the last six years
there has been a growth in this sector due to increasing awareness amongst consultants and customers.” According to Vineeth Reddy, GM Sales, Ralco Steels-India, “India adopted PEB technology just a decade ago for a limited segment. Now due to the awareness and architectural and structural versatility, PEB market has expanded to commercial, power projects and many more segments, which created a huge gap between supply and demand.” Driving factors PEB system is being adopted quickly because of its distinct advantages. PEBs are much lighter in weight in comparison to normal steel buildings because they are created with a high proportion of recycled content. Apart from reduced construction time, it also offers low maintenance cost. Commenting on it P.V. Rao, Managing Director, PEBS Pennar says, “PEBs are economical, faster in construction, aesthetically appealing, less foundation cost, and relocatable. They are not restricted to industrial buildings and warehouses but have gained diverse applications such as power generation buildings, aviation hangers, boiler support structures, bridges, cold storage facilities, multi-storied commercial complexes, metro rail stations, stadiums, etc.”
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“The overwhelming advantages of PEB technology compared to conventional RCC buildings, is a major driving force, there is no time over run, no budget escalations, no wastage of raw material, aesthetics, single agency responsibility are the advantages of PEB,” opined Sanjay Loya, Director, Loya PEB. Challenges Each industry has its own challenges and setbacks. As the PEB industry is witnessing growth, it is also facing some challenges. Commenting on the challenges, Mr Suri says, “The biggest challenge for PEBs in India is the perception shift from
P.V. Rao, Managing Director, PEBS Pennar
PEBs are economical, faster in construction, aesthetically appealing, less foundation cost, and re-locatable
Industry Analysis II PEB
conventional structure to pre-engineered steel structures. Though it is changing over the years but the pace is slow and people are still not readily experimenting. People still tend to look the conventional method of construction as the best and cheaper method of construction overlooking the long term benefits of constructing in preengineered steel.” Mr Loya believes shortage of skilled manpower is a key challenge. “Challenges include increasing cost and shortage of skilled manpower. Also, fluctuating steel prices which account for 60 to 75 per cent of the overall cost, will certainly affect the price trend and impact the profit margin of the supplier in the long run as competition intensifies. These challenges shall be directly attributed to the lower penetration of PEB in India,” he said. PEB structure due to its assembly of various parts requires a painstaking attention to detailing requiring high-skilled workers. Anjan Dutta Roy, Vice President and Business Head, Tiger Steel Engineering India, points out, “Shortage of skilled labour is a major concern over traditional method of construction.” PEB going green The concept of green buildings is steadily increasing in India. One of the key reasons for the rise of the PEB industry in recent times has been the increasing emphasis on sustainable building strategies. Also, modern steel manufacturers are making use of energy efficient methods in steel production that helps considerably in reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. According to Mr Rao, “The level of awareness about the benefits of new eco-friendly material in the construction industry is growing and the PEB industry is moving forward from traditional methods of construction to the environmentally friendly methods. In order to ensure that development and environment conservation
of 26.6 per cent. Further to this, the government has set a massive target for developing infrastructure in the 12th FiveYear Plan (2012-17) at an estimated cost of ` 40,900,000 million, which will provide huge growth opportunity for PEB.
go hand in hand, major corporations around the world are going for “green buildings” concept which will slow down the depletion of natural resources.” Pre-engineered construction is inherently green products and has comparatively smaller impact on the environment in comparison to conventional brick and mortar construction. The energy efficient methods used in producing the steel used for these structures and the high recycled content help in substantially reducing GHG emission. Interestingly even after demolition, these buildings don’t accumulate wastage like asphalt, concrete, brink and dust. The only by-product is metal scrap which is 90 per cent recyclable, observed Mr Suri.
Mr Rao is quite optimistic about the future of PEB market in India. He said, “PEB industry has bright future in the coming years as there would be huge demand for PEB structures in various segments such as industrial, logistics, defence, metro rail projects, retail stores etc.” Almost echoing this statement, Mr Suri said, “We are quite upbeat about the growth of construction sector in the coming years. Stemming from the PEB industry, what is taking shape is the new heavy engineering and larger infrastructure projects which is the next in line for the infrastructural development of the country. Projects like airports, international terminals, power plants, ports etc. require heavy steel structures and a different approach in comparison to PEBs. From here on, we see a wave which is likely to become a trend soon in the infrastructure division.” n
Future outlook PEB is considered as a flourishing industry and is expected to grow rampantly in the near future. As the economy grows, the PEB industry is liable to grow. According to a Frost & Sullivan report, the PEB market earned revenues of ` 52,970 million in 2012 and estimates this to reach ` 136,120 million in 2016, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR)
...fluctuating steel prices which account for 60 to 75 per cent of the overall cost, will certainly affect the price trend
Gautam Suri, CTO and Founder Director, Interarch Building Products
The biggest challenge for PEBs in India is the perception shift from conventional structure to pre-engineered steel structures
Sanjay Loya, Director, Loya PEB
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Roofing II Industry Analysis
Green roofs take root The notion of green buildings and energy efficiency has brought roofing industry under the spotlight, which is pushing the industry to come up with new ideas and technology to achieve sustainability Trends in roofing industry The roofing industry is witnessing rapid transformation especially in the areas of materials used. According to Kaushal Kumar Gupta, Managing Director, Bansal Roofing, “Conventional roofs are being replaced with new available green roofing materials like variety of colour coated sheets, colour tiles aluminium sheets, etc. This is because these sheets have longevity and is also friendly to the environment. These roofing materials are environment conscious, add protection, value energy efficiency and give assurance of safety.” “The trend of making a beautiful house and covering it with metal roofing is changed. Now the architects, engineers and users have started designing and building houses using insulated panels as their roofing
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option. Even panels with one side shingles have been a trend in the market,” says Joseph Mathew, Chairman at Prime Roofing. Ronak Shah, Marketing Director, Zen Eco Home says, “We foresee major business developing in uPVC category because of the unique properties that it carries; some of them are heat insulation, chemical corrosion resistance, no weather corrosion and sound insulation.” Concept of green roofing With the increased focus on energy efficiency, the trend for green building is continuing to grow. Keeping pace with this, the demand for green products and solutions are also increasing which is creating a great opportunity for contractors who are prepared to deliver high performance. The
Industry Analysis II Roofing focus on energy efficiency has impacted the roofing industry too. Roofing plays a major role in the construction of a building and in the rising era of energy efficiency, roofing companies have come up with advanced and sustainable roofing technologies. Green roofing is one such technology which has many benefits. “Green roofing is a welcomed trend as we are looking for a better energy efficient future of green buildings,” says Mr Mathew. Green roofing in India Green roofs are slowly gaining popularity and interest in India. Many green buildings in India are adopting the idea of roof. CII-Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre in Hyderabad is one of the first commercial buildings to have a large green roof. Commenting on how the concept of green roofing catching up in India, Mr Gupta says, “The whole concept of green roofing is acceptable to people. However manufacturer, architects and engineers will have to put some more effort to explain the advantages of green roofing.” Advantages Turning traditional rooftops into green spaces is not easy and cheap, but its benefits are great. Green roofs are not only a visual improvement over traditional roofs; they also provide many environmental benefits. “Green roofs are power saving, looks aesthetically pleasing, requires less maintenance, has a long life span and environment friendly,” Mr Gupta says. Some of the advantages are: Reduced energy use: Green roofs reduce the heat flux through the roof, and less energy for cooling or heating can lead to cost savings. Studies show, with a green roof one could save up to 75 per cent of cooling costs and 25 per cent of heating costs. Cost efficient: No doubt green roofs have many benefits but key question arises, are they cost- effective? Installation of a green roof requires a larger initial investment than a typical roof; a green roof will last 3-4 times longer than a typical roof. However, its significant long-term economical and environmental advantages justify the higher initial cost. Commenting on the same, Mr Gupta says, “Initial cost may be little more but payback period is better. Also by using green roofing material we are giving something to ourselves and society as well.” Future outlook Overall, green roofs are a very good investment for the future, and although they are quite expensive now, they are likely to become feasible and common. With the amount of pollution increasing in the atmosphere, Green roofing with its remarkable benefits can help build a sustainable future.
Green roofs are becoming increasingly common around the world and steadily gaining popularity in India too. It is the future of renewable energy. The future of green roof looks excellent; however the concept is still in its infancy. As the awareness increases, the demand of green roof concept will increase. “One has to understand its importance and n advantages,” observes Mr Gupta.
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6. Names and addresses of individuals who own the newspaper and partners or shareholders holding more than one per cent of the capital. 1. Asha Prasad 1, Gayatri, Chheda Nagar, Chembur, Mumbai - 4000089 2. Radha N. Poptani A-79/474, Shahad, Ulhasnagar-1, Dist.-Thane. I, Subhajit Roy hereby declare that the particulars given above are true to the best of my knowledge and belief. Date: 01 March 2014
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Insulation II Interview
Green thrust for building insulation “With all new buildings being designed keeping in mind the requirements of ECBC norms laid by the BEE, the need for building insulation is bound to see exponential growth,” says Ashok Sharma, CEO, Macmillan Insulations Pvt. Ltd. Macmillan is one of the leading players in the field of roof and duct insulations. Could you brief us on your business activities and products and solutions you offer to the market? Macmillan is a prominent name in the field of reflective insulation or import and supply of radiant heat and vapour barriers. These products are extensively used for under-deck roof insulation and vapour barrier in duct insulation. You represent Fletcher Insulation of Australia in India. What are the range of solutions you offer under this brand? We import radiant heat and vapour barriers under brand names Sisalation, Flamestop and TuffStuff.
based weave using a flame retardant adhesive. TuffStuff 460 is recommended for use in light industrial and commercial applications including farm sheds and animal enclosures where a tough, economical, highly reflective surface is desired. Tuffstuff by SisalationR Extra Heavy Duty Wall Wrap (Breather) is a single sided poly weave foil recommended for use as a wall wrap behind permeable light weight cladding for domestic and commercial buildings. Tuffstuff by Sisalation (Breather) is a very strong, tear resistant, vapour permeable membrane that prevents the build-up of trapped moisture between the cladding and foil when no air gap exists.
Sisalation Flamestop FSK 300 is a four-layer fire retardant single sided aluminium foil laminate used as vapour barrier for lamination to bulk insulation material. FLAMESTOP FSK 300 is bonded with co-polymer film that provides high scuff resistance and is not affected by moisture.
What is a radiant heat barrier and how it works? A Radiant Heat Barrier (RHB) is made of highly reflective metal, normally aluminium, and is reinforced with a middle fabric or kraft paper layer making it puncture and tear resistant unlike basic kitchen foil. Unlike mass insulation that merely slows down or resists the transfer of heat through conduction and convection mode of heat transfer, a RHB blocks the transfer of a large percentage, at least 90 per cent of radiant heat, to qualify to be called an RHB. RHB blocks radiant heat by reflecting it back towards the direction it came from as well as reduce transfer of heat through convective mode of heat transfer by acting as a physical blockage against convective air flow. With an RHB properly installed, the amount of heat can be significantly reduced making a living space comfortable while reducing overall energy bills.
TuffStuff 460 consists of two layers of high quality aluminium foil bonded to a polymer-
What are the advantages of using RHB? RHB is light weight (less than 200 gm per sq.m.)
Sisalation Flamestop 138 is an eight-layer double sided aluminium foil laminate with superior radiant heat reflective property for under-deck roof insulation. FS-138 is manufactured by extruding two layers of high strength kraft paper and two layers of aluminium foil and heat welding them together with a three way fibre glass reinforcing scrim and three layers of copolymer resins to form a perfectly sealed, scratch resistant laminate.
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vis-à-vis other types of insulation. Due to light weight RHB can be installed as under-deck roof insulation in existing buildings without affecting operations. Being light weight, it doesn’t store heat like bulk insulation and keep releasing the same even after sun-set. Our RHB products are fire retardant. Does insulation play any role in reducing environmental impact of a building? These days, the stress is on sustainable green buildings. The buildings are planned in such a way that the need for energy to take care of the HAVC requirements is minimised. Insulation plays a major role in making of energy efficient buildings. Do you have any products to offer for green buildings? For a product to called green, it should be bio degradable and recyclable. The main constituents of our products like Flamestop 138 and Flamestop FSK 300 are bio degradable kraft paper and recyclable aluminium Foil. What is your outlook on the building insulation market space in India? With all new buildings being designed keeping in mind the requirements of Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC 2007) norms laid by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), the need for building insulation is bound to see exponential growth. There are many players existing in your domain. What is the value proposition you offer to build a competitive edge? Unlike other players in the market, we take care of the RHB installation as well. We undertake installation job-work in existing n buildings also.
Equipment Finance II Interview
Granting licences to NBFCs would be a game changer “NBFCs which are into ICE financing, if provided bank licenses, will be able to conduct their functions even better and can promote inclusive growth in the true sense of the term,” comments D. K. Vyas, CEO, Srei BNP Paribas
Being one of the major players in the equipment finance industry, how do see the ongoing delays in infra space? The moderation in the growth of our GDP during the last couple of years has impacted the growth of ICE industry too. Everyone in the economy has started feeling the pinch of the regulatory delays that are affecting infrastructure projects. The inflation problem that has been bothering our policymakers is essentially due to supply-side bottlenecks which can only be addressed through speedy infrastructure creation. Thus, my firm belief is that there will be a renewed impetus to infrastructure creation, both by the incumbent government in the last few months of its tenure, as well as by the incoming government. I expect growth to pick up in FY15, especially from the third quarter onwards, when the monsoons will be over and a new government has settled down at the centre. In equipment finance, how do you look at the current performance of NBFCs vis-àvis banks? Is the current monetary policy conducive for NBFCs in equipment finance or do you expect norms to be eased further? To answer this question, I need to first
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explain the scenario. An investment of $ 1 trillion was envisaged for infrastructure during the 12th Five-Year Plan (2012-17). The first 2 years of the Plan are nearly over, and we are far behind the target. The $ 1 trillion target looks too optimistic now. If we manage $ 750-800 billion investments in infrastructure during the Plan period, that would be quite an achievement. Thus, there is a lot of catching up to do in the last 3 years of the Plan and that would definitely augur well for the infrastructure and construction equipment (ICE) industry. Going forward, infrastructure and urbanisation will be the two principal demand drivers for ICE demand. Anticipating this demand that will be unleashed, the domestic base for ICE manufacturing has been steadily growing. In addition, many global original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) are also setting up manufacturing bases in India; some are even bringing in their financing arms to India. Thus, longterm growth of the ICE market in India is guaranteed, despite some moderation in the short to medium term. With 50 per cent of this investment expected to come from the private sector, this will translate into brisk business for the ICE
Interview II Equipment Finance financing industry as well. ICE are high-value assets and in India outright procurement of ICE is usually a government practice. Most private parties get almost 80 per cent of the asset value financed. The Indian infrastructure sector comprises of thousands of small-time entrepreneurs providing services like construction, transportation, etc. and operating in the remotest corners of the country. It is a usual practice that once a big project is awarded to a project developer, the same work is sub-contracted in parcels to these smaller players. These players, who are extremely price and value sensitive, then acquire ICE assets on debt/lease for executing their contracts. The small-time entrepreneurs essentially rely on NBFCs for their credit needs as they usually are unable to access institutional financing like banks. These NBFCs, familiar with the businesses of these players and having a decent understanding of their needs and also their capability, take a call on extending credit to these players based on their track records, their order books, their likely cash flow and a host of other factors. In addition, many of these NBFCs even guide their customers in terms of educating them on the type of machines that would suit their needs, the tenure for which they would need those and also what mode of procurement would be ideal for them. Such advice by NBFCs is a huge value addition for such players, especially first time users (FTUs). However, despite being the principal vehicles for credit intermediation towards the multitude of smaller players, NBFCs suffer from some inherent disadvantages vis-àvis banks and other financial institutions, especially when it comes to issues like making provisions for bad loans, or while recovering assets once a loan goes bad or paying taxes on sticky advances. With the regulatory framework tilted heavily towards borrowers, this creates incentives for wilful defaults. Even in terms of sourcing funds through external commercial borrowings (ECBs), NBFC-AFCs are more constrained vis-à-vis others in terms of end-use of such funds. RBI is to give out new bank licenses. I strongly feel that NBFCs which are into ICE
financing, if provided bank licenses, will be able to conduct their functions even better and can promote inclusive growth in the true sense of the term.
model that essentially revolves around relationship and partnership building, be it with our manufacturer partners, or with our customers. This is our forte. We have tie-ups with over 50 manufacturers based in India and abroad and a client base of over 30,000, 60 per cent of whom are repeat customers. At any given point we have several schemes and programmes running which are tailormade to suit particular demand-supply scenarios. Some of our schemes have been path-breaking innovations in the field of ICE financing in India.
You are there in this space for last 24 years and today many new players are venturing in to the market. What’s your take on this? At about $ 4 billion with volumes in the vicinity of 80,000 units per annum in the organised market, the ICE industry in India
A proper risk management system, floating interest rate financing and customised offerings have been major growth drivers for us. We have been in this field for over 24 years now and in ICE financing we are the market leaders. Ever since we forged a partnership with BNP Paribas, we have not only consolidated our leadership position, but also started expanding out asset portfolio by expanding into verticals like IT, healthcare, logistics and rural infrastructure. This foraying into asset classes other than ICE has helped in countering the economic slowdown. In times of slowdown, the volume game definitely comes handy.
To counter competition and to grow in difficult times, we inherently rely on our strengths. We, at SREI BNP, follow a growth model that essentially revolves around relationship and partnership building, be it with our manufacturer partners, or with our customers
Our pan-India presence and in-depth knowledge of the Indian market make us a preferred player for any equipment manufacturer (Indian or foreign) who is eyeing a share of the ICE market in India. How do you think you can build a competitive edge? The Indian ICE industry is on a learning curve. To build the competitive edge, I feel that ICE financiers and OEMs must work together in explaining to the government authorities the advantages of leasing, the need for a rationalised tax structure for both ICE and ICE financing, the regulatory bottlenecks that need to be addressed, why registration for ICE assets is necessary etc. Once government is able to see the long-term advantages, policy changes will automatically follow and this will ensure an orderly growth of the industry. Users’ awareness is another area that financiers and OEMs need to work on. Educating users on the benefits of leasing, renting and use of used equipment will only ensure exponential growth in n the future.
is still at a nascent phase. As per a study reputed consultancy firm by A T Kearney, the ICE industry is expected to attain a size of over $ 20 billion by 2020. Thus, there is plenty of room for more. This sector needs to multiply many times and thus it can accommodate more number of players. Keeping in mind the positive impact the growth of this sector has on the economy overall, more players need to be encouraged and government should provide fiscal incentives. Given the not-so-rosy demand-supply scenario, what has been Srei’s core focus on providing value addition to its customers? To counter competition and to grow in difficult times, we inherently rely on our strengths. We, at SREI BNP, follow a growth
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Airport II the big project
Aerobridge in operation
Making of integrated passenger terminal building The integrated passenger terminal at Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International (NSCBI) Airport was executed on an EPC basis by a special purpose vehicle formed between ITD Cementation India (ITD Cem) and its parent Italian-Thai Development Public Co. Ltd., Thailand (ITD).
The project The new terminal started commercial operations on March 25th, 2013. Capacity The terminal has a capacity now to handle 20 million passengers annually against the existing capacity of 7.46 million passengers.
olkata airport, named as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, has three terminals: domestic, international and a cargo terminal. It is linked by the city roadways and suburban railway system.
For the enhancement of the Airport capacity and facilities, Government of India has decided to go for modernisation of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport. The development plans, as envisaged during working out the requirement is as follows:
Available facilities Integrated passenger terminal building
Project cost Project values around Rs 2,000 crore. Solutions undertaken A mix of right people with right skill at right place. Architect involved Parsons Brinckerhoff
Integrated passenger terminal
1,35,250 sq.m. 87,700 sq.m.
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Domestic part International part
Elevated road/ Service yard Additional flyover substation
the big project II Airport
Arrival Lower - Taxi Bay
Scope of work Integrated Terminal buildings with • RCC pile foundation • Waterproofing, RCC substructure, basement • RCC superstructure, brickwork etc. • Steel roofing and profile roof sheeting works • All architectural, false ceiling and finishing works • Structural steel work including fabrication and erection of columns (30m height and average weight 35 MT each) and truss (of average span 100m and average weight 120 MT each) • Water supply, storm water drainage, sewerage system • Fire-fighting system • Air–conditioning and ventilation • Escalators, elevators, travelators • Internal electrification. Elevated road and Flyover • RCC pile foundation • RCC superstructure • Steel girders • Total length of elevated road is 890 metres consisting of RCC cast-in-situ beam and slab. • Total length of VIP road Flyover is 457m. Both side RCC approach, 12 spans of RCC girders and
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New facilities added
Integrated Passenger Terminal
Annual traffic Capacity Peak hrs traffic Area Area per passenger PH
10.10 lakhs 8.82 lakhs 1150 passengers 17,640 sq.m. 15.34 sq.m.
64.50 lakhs 40.60 lakhs 1700 passengers 24,450 sq.m. 14.38 sq.m.
200.00 200.00 7,452 233,000 24.15
36+ in progress 9 bays for domestic 3 bays for cargo
Additional 400 metres on southern end and rapid exit taxiway
11 additional parking bays and taxiways
ATC tower and technical block Category
lakhs lakhs passengers sq.m. sq.m.
Upgradation in process
Check-in (CUTE) Counters
Security gates with frisking booth
Arrival area Immigration counters
14 numbers (red) + 2 (green)
Area per peak hour passenger
29 sq. m.
22 sq. m.
Peak hour capacity
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Airport II the big project central 3 spans of with cast-in-situ girder including central verge with Steel Plate Girder with 27 metres span • There are 15 nos. of span of length 18 metres and width 7.5 metres each. Car parking including basement • RCC pile foundation, • Waterproofing, RCC substructure, basement, • RCC superstructure, brickwork etc. • All architectural and finishing works, • Fire-fighting system and ventilation system. Service yard with DG installation, Electrical substation, AC plant room, underground reservoir and RCC tunnel. C.C. Roads and Storm water drainage system. Construction of Relocated Substation. Following finalisation of basic architectural layout and services requirement, structural design was taken up. Basic structural configuration was with RCC bored piling foundation, RCC basement, substructure and superstructure. Roofing was conceived with structural steel truss overlain with metal composite insulated roofing. The structural design was done based on the basic standard design criteria. Item wise scope of work is calculated on the
basis of preliminary design. Flooring, facade, cladding, false ceiling and other architectural quantities are also worked out based on the final architectural layout and arrangements. Scope of all services has been finalised based on international standards of airport facilities. In the late 2007, AAI had launched a Request for Proposal (RFP) for Prequalification for Construction of Integrated Passenger Terminal Building at NSCBI (Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose) Airport, Kolkata. Following receiving proposals from International reputed organisations and rigorous exercise of technical and commercial evaluations, the contract of Airport modernisation was awarded to ITD-ITD Cem JV, a consortium of Italian Thai Development Public Limited Company, Thailand and ITD Cementation Company Limited, India. Italian Thai Development Public Limited Company, Thailand had the experience of building the Suvarnabhumi Airport at Bangkok, one of the best airports in the world. The construction was started in November 2008. Basic construction planning works It involved preparation of Construction schedule, resource requirement plan, material procurement schedule, design of enabling structures, construction facility drawings and steel shop drawings etc.
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This also involved preparation of Quality Assurance plan; Inspection and Test plan; Health and Safety plan; Environment management plan even. These are done complying the International Standards of ISO: 9000 and ISO: 14000. Preliminary works The preliminary works included site investigation, ground preparation, reclamation; dismantling some of the existing structure; utility diversion, initial pile load testing; mobilization of required plant and machinery; site setup; commissioning of plant; site drainage arrangement, surveying and setting out, fixing up the alignment, establishment of site survey reference pillars and bench marks were done during initial time period with all existing airport facilities fully operative. A few mock-up exercises have also been carried out to establish the right method and sequencing of construction activities. Planning Basic construction planning have been done considering contractual time-frame, site condition, structural configuration, sequence of work, construction convenience, junction configuration, environmental condition, physical and weather constraints, best utilisation of resource, subsoil condition, operational time-cycle. Due consideration is given to airport operation and restriction, local
Baggage handing system at basement
the big project II Airport regulations, environment management, project financing, material availability and lead time, equipment manufacturing process and time involved, testing and commissioning of specialised items and equipments, interface with other aspects and local holidays. Manpower, machinery and material deployment schedule was done based on standard productivity and efficiency level, deployment time. Facility management Facility management needed to frame out a plan for traffic management, since the main artery from city to the terminal buildings had to be closed for construction. The project area was within a running busy airport of an Indian metro city, it posed tremendous effort for maintaining the existing provisions required for operation of an airport, maintain all security regulations, facilities and safety of all structure, services, employees and passengers. Construction road, vehicle movement, plant deployment, drainage plan, illumination, emission, disposal of construction waste, reuse of available material etc were planned considering the airport operation, passenger and cargo movement, navigation facilities, local and administrative restrictions, proximity of residential area, local sensitivity and parallel development programme. Enabling works Enabling works involved installation and commissioning of a high capacity fully automatic concrete batching plant with site laboratory, cement and aggregate storage, weather recorder, maintenance and parking area; a comprehensive fabrication yard including power setup, sand-blasting and painting area, fabrication platform, material handling gantries and vehicle movement area; setup an rebar fabrication area. Other establishment like material storage and warehouse, fuel storage, power generation stations and illumination network, site drainage pumps and channels, first-aid centre, induction room, canteen and refreshment shed in a planned manner within limited working area. Site gradation were done for making the area ready to for construction works involving
demolition of existing structures; fence the area; temporary boundary wall; dewatering of pond, slush-removal and reclamation; Utility diversion including HT and LT power line, water and sewerage line, telephone and communication cables, fire-fighting piping etc; install water source and distribution network. Construction work Main construction work started with pile installation. Prior to installation of RCC bored piles, Initial vertical static pile load tests for different diameter of piles and at different locations were carried out. All the pile load tests show satisfactory test results.
Roofing Roofing work was taken up immediately the steel roof-supporting system was installed and checked. The roofing system consists of 0.9 mm thick AA 3004 aluminium alloy, comprising of four layers â€“ KALZIP/ ZIPLOCK 65/400 of corus building system, insulation layer - mineral wool of overall 150 mm thickness, compressed to 140 mm- density 48 kg per cum), one layer of vapour control barrier (polyethylene film of 0.20mm thick) with heavy duty type or double sided aluminium foil vapor control barrier, solid steel liner type trapezoidal sheeting 28-32/198-250, 0.70 mm thick 550MPA, 25 microns polyester coated hot dip galvanized steel.
False ceiling False ceiling system was taken up through specialised agency once the roofing work got completed. Finish of ceiling tiles is a combination of different type of material to give soothing architectutral look. Itâ€™s a combination of special polyester powder coated aluminium stip with wood grain finish; mineral fibre false ceiling tiles; GMS (galvanised mild steel) metal falseceiling system; gypsum false ceiling.
Glazing The structural glazing system is designed for a wind pressure of 1.2 KPA at all levels, elevations and heights, they are equalised thermally broken and self draining. Aluminium composite panel and cladding are fixed to the framing system by self-tapping screw and mechanical n fastener.
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Home Automation II technology
Intelligent Home Home automation control has been made convenient by the release of apps for iPhone, iPad and Android-based devices which allow centralised and remote control of your home environment and electrical appliances
eâ€™re living in a fast paced life with automatic cars, smart phones and technology trends that make life much easier. The 21st century has been focused on technology being developed for electronics. Broadband internet access has become a common place in developed countries as many people have switched from traditional mobile phones to smart phones.
Lutron dynamic keypad
A mobile phone plays a diverse role today and is used not just to answer calls like it was a decade ago. There are apps for tablets, PCs and mobile phones to monitor and control devices commonly found in most peopleâ€™s homes. If you are tired of worrying that the lights were left switched on in vacant spaces, you should be made aware that apps are increasingly helping people monitor and control objects remotely on their mobile devices. In other words, home automation is anything that gives you remote or automatic control of devices in and around your home. The systems that you can control include lighting, heating and cooling, security, entertainment (home audio and video), communications (telephones and intercoms, internet), irrigation, window shades, door locks etc. The concept of home automation is to connect all of these systems and devices to a central controller so that they can be controlled from anywhere and react to one another. For example, as you arrive home, your home-automation system can automatically turn off the sprinklers, open the garage door, unlock the front door and disable the alarm, light up the downstairs,
Dining room blue wall-palms
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technology II Home Automation
Bed room ra contemp light
and turn on the TV. Or if you power on the DVD player, it might automatically dim the lights, draw the shades, and direct all calls to voicemail. This central controller can be accessed and controlled through interfaces like keypads, wired or wireless touch-screens (with/ without video), universal remotes, mobile devices such as a smart phone or any PC at home, in the office, or on the road. The central controller has various peripheral devices connected to it so that it can receive and send signals to them for appropriate controls. These peripheral devices can be light switches and dimmers, wireless security transmitters, door contactors, occupancy sensors, fire/smoke detectors, sprinklers, sirens, audio controllers, speakers, thermostats, televisions, CCTV and airconditioners etc. Home automation control has been made convenient by the release of apps for iPhone, iPad and Android-based devices which allow centralised and remote control of your home environment and electrical appliances. Such can be experienced with HomesWorks QS total home system by Lutron, a big wig in the space of total light management solutions. Home Works QS offers total control of lights, shades, temperature and AV systems from wall-mounted or tabletop keypads, as well as your mobile devices like iPhone or iPad. You can customise some scenes and recall them to adjust your lights, shades and temperature simultaneously. Integrating HomeWorks QS with your AV system means that a one button press will dim lights, lower shades and the projector, and start the movie. Heating ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) integration
will enable you to adjust room temperature any time of the day, even while you are on your way home. Also connecting your security system with HomeWorks QS system, has an added advantage of safety, selfprotection and visible alert. Hence, you’re also investing in a system which can pay for itself over the life of your home.
powered lights as well as natural daylight which can be controlled by a wireless daylight sensor like the Radio Powr Savr by Lutron. This sensor can detect the amount of incoming daylight into your home and adjust your electric light accordingly to maintain a constant light level while saving energy. Since these sensors are all wireless, they can be installed in minutes without the need for any new wiring.
Imagine if someone breaks into your home and triggers the security system, your interior lights will all turn on, exterior lights will flash, shades will raise and lower, and all keypads will lock so that your interior lights will stay on even if the intruder presses the off button. The system’s time clock and security system can work simultaneously to imitate your usual patterns so that your home looks occupied when you are not there! The time clock can automatically turn your lights on and off or raise and lower your shades based on your normal routine. Smart homes are sustainable and homes for the future.
Prabhjyot Singh, Residential Sales – Manager, Lutron GL Sales and Services Pvt. Ltd. said, “Energy savings is the primary objective of all our products. Today, we have solutions available for as small as one room which can be scaled up to an entire floor or even a building. Usage and required functions vary from person to person and project to project across residential, commercial or public projects which we have been actively involved in. Lighting control is surely one way to save the environment and reduce your carbon footprint which makes you a responsible global citizen”
Wireless occupancy sensors by Lutron is an innovative and appealing device which helps to optimise energy savings and it is easy to install. This wireless sensor is battery operated with a 10 year battery life. It can communicate wirelessly via radio frequency with a compatible switch. Just replace your light switch with this new technology and you can enjoy the full benefits of occupancy sensing. You won’t have to worry about switching your lights on/off anymore. The occupancy sensor and switch will automatically do the job for you every time you enter or exit a space, thereby reducing energy consumption.
The global economic recession and a fall in the real estate market has had a negative impact on the home automation sector. However, the market is picking up, mainly because of the emergence of cost-effective home automation services. Mobile devices like smartphones, tablets and PCs now play a key role in home automation systems by offering a common and user-friendly interface, which has helped popularise them to a wider customer base. The convergence of these technologies has made installation and adoption of home automation systems simpler and more cost effective. Home automation before was a luxury for a few but now it’s totally accessible via a smart phone n in your hand.
Efficient energy usage depends on how effectively you can control your electric
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Sanitary Ware II Interview
HSIL Automate water closet to revolutionise lifestyles In an interview, Santosh Nema, President, HSIL Ltd., shares why HSIL Automate is a worthy innovation. Excerpts:
Automate: intelligent water closet The product development by HSIL is based on extensive market survey and rigorous research. This helps in narrowing down its focus and offers products which make a difference to the consumers. “Automate - the intelligent water closet” is one such product. True to its name, automate uses technology in the bath space to a new level to help the elderly. It is unique, intelligent and its attention to detail cannot be rivalled. Equipped with state-of-art-technology, the motion sensor within the closet lights up in the night ensuring safety to the user without switching on the lights and disturbing his/her sleep, which for the aged is a boon. It also flushes on its own once it is used and deodorises automatically too. The warm seat cover maintains the temperature settings across all season and not to forget, the added value of enhancing a rich experience and décor of the bathroom.
ware has gained significant prominence. Indian consumers are no less well-informed and embracing lifestyle brands that match their personality and perspective on life. They are looking to invest in products which are out of ordinary and will provide an experience and a moment of happiness. The market dynamic is not static; the industry is competitive so to retain mindshare in such a world, the solution lies in being inventive. Features of Automate • Auto heating seat: The pressure-sensitive seat automatically adjusts temperature for comfort during cold weather. • Auto flush: The built-in sensors activate the auto-flush operation and release the required quantity of water after use. • Temperature control: Automate’s digital controls set water, air and seat temperatures. It also memorises the last temperature setting for future use. • Auto cleaning: The sophisticated water spray nozzle moves back and forth
There is more to Automate than meets the eye such as the hydraulic action of the toilet seat cover, which comes handy and avoids any scope of damage to the toilet bowl in case it is shut with a bang. Overall Automate fortified with a remote control is a WC in a class of its own. It’s a futuristic product and sets to revolutionise lifestyles by adding comfort and innovation. Evolving role of sanitary ware With evolving lifestyles, the role of sanitary
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to suit cleaning for men and women. Water pressure can also be adjusted for individual requirements. • Auto drying: Automate is also equipped with hot air drying function. The temperature of the air can be set for comfort and convenience. • Water saving dual flush: Equipped with an advanced electronic system, Automate provides for two automatic flushing options to help conserve water. HSIL is strengthening its presence by expanding dealer network. The company extensively promote at the dealer level along with training, upgrading their showrooms to improve product display and enhance shelve space. Simultaneously, it is constantly engaging with architects, incorporates a 24/7 customer service centres and uses print media extensively to keep a constant buzz in the market. Last year, it has launched its new campaign “designs to desire” which n highlights its lifestyle positioning.
EPC II Experts Column
superior EPC bid management
The in-andout mechanism for successfully implementing an integrated improvement in EPC bid management 62
he slowing economy and uncertain policy environment have squeezed order flow in infrastructure projects to a minimum. Hence, EPC (Engineering Procurement Construction) firms are witnessing unprecedented competition for the few new projects. They are under pressure to bid aggressively, with slim or zero margin, to shore up their order book. Optimising effort at the bidding stage is also a challenge. Too much detailing might seem like a waste in the event of losing the bid, while using broad assumptions might result in losses during execution. EPC firms, hence, need robust bid management processes to
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win the right projects and to execute them profitability, says Shripad Ranade, Mittal Shah and Seema Ghosh of Tata Strategic Management Group. Slower than expected economic growth, execution issues such as delay in land acquisition and clearances, and the uncertain policy environment have slowed down investments in the Indian infrastructure sector. This has cascaded into weaker order inflow for EPC firms. Weakening of order inflow has been widely reported across all major infrastructure equipment suppliers and EPC players. The order book of BHEL,
Experts Column II EPC which is indicative of project activity in the power sector, declined from outstanding order value of Rs. 135,300 crore in FY12 to ` 115,100 crore in FY13, and further slid to ` 108,600 crore in Q1 FY14. Order inflow data from six construction companies shows 3 per cent decline in FY13 over FY12, even after a record fall of 5 per cent in the previous year. Rising competitive pressure has manifested in sliding operating margins of EPC players. Operating Margin
11.4% FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14P
Fig 1: operating margin trend of select 35 EPC companies from FY08-FY14P; source CRISIL
A study of 35 large and mid-size EPC firms shows that operating margin has declined by 1.2 per cent y-o-y in FY13 and is expected to further decline by 0.4 per cent in FY14. (Fig 1) While it is well known that almost all infrastructure projects see delays in completion, EPC companies still fail to incorporate the cost of time delay into their estimation during bidding. Time delay is one of the key reasons for cost escalation and depletion in profit margins for EPC companies. Challenges in bidding for EPC projects With a lower number of new projects being announced, EPC players have started bidding aggressively for the available. However, Timely Completion
Effective Cost Estimate
Fig 2: challenges faced by companies in absence of effective bid management
aggressive bidding can only be fruitful if the EPC player has a robust bid management
process at place. Without effective bid management, EPC companies suffer several challenges. (Fig 2 and Chart 1)
go for thumb-rule based estimation, which may result in wrong estimates. Effort can also be multiplied during bidding, owing to poor co-ordination amongst various functions (engineering, sales, procurement etc.).
Timely completion of bids Bidding for an EPC project is a time-bound process; speed is important to complete various parts of bidding effectively. There is no time to start from scratch for technical and commercial estimation. Haste may cause companies to fail to consider all factors during bid preparation.
Critical success factors for bid management Four factors are critical to the bid manager’s success (Fig 3), which can be expressed as:
Lower Turnaround Time
Effective cost estimate for bidding EPC companies mention their scope of work and expected cost of completion while bidding. This becomes binding on the EPC firm, once the project is won. Hence, it is important to have a proper bid management process, so that companies don’t overestimate time or resources required and therefore lose the bid or underestimate efforts and lose money during execution after winning the project. Surprises in scope during execution arise if boundary conditions are not properly defined at estimation. Eventually, project cost will escalate when making amends for missing scope or inaccurate estimates.
Higher Bid Win Rate
Fig 3: critical success factors for bid management process
• Is my bid management process ensuring higher bid win rate? • Am I able to optimise my efforts for bidding? • Are the cost estimates realistic enough, so that I don’t end up losing money after winning the project?
Optimised efforts for bid estimates Organisations would generally like to complete activities related to bidding with minimum effort as the project is yet to be won. Inefficiency stemming from
Knowledge Management & Standardization
Chart 1: Bids Went Wrong • In a power plant project, a leading EPC company realised that detailed soil analysis was not factored in during estimation; this led to an increase in cost and time of execution. • In an oil and gas project, two leading EPC players had a long drawn dispute due to incorrect scope distribution between them. Incorrect due diligence and assumptions regarding scope boundaries resulted in “no man zones”, which neither contractor had considered within scope when they bid.
Sourcing Market Intelligence
Bid-No Bid Decision Making
Bid Management Processes
Factoring Time Delays
Efficient Team driven by Right Set of Key Performance Indicators (KPIs
Fig 4: elements of bid management
• Do I have the right processes to complete the bid correctly and in time? Integrated approach to bid management Bid-no bid decision making Taking an informed bid-no bid decision is very important before embarking on the bidding process. Bidding involves high costs in terms
non-availability of past data or standard templates can increase the efforts required during bidding. To save effort, companies
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EPC II Experts Column of resources and time spent. Hence, careful analysis of tender enquiry, the chances of securing the project and executing it within time, within the estimated cost, the client’s reputation on on-time payments etc. have to be considered in the bid-no bid decision. EPC firms should ensure the above checks are built into the bid-no bid decision making process. Factoring for time delays Time delay is a near certain event in infrastructure projects. EPC companies often lose their expected profits due to delays in project completion, which are at times are due to external factors and not under the control of the EPC firm. Hence, an in-built mechanism is necessary in the bidding process to pragmatically assess and quantify the external factors that can affect the project timelines, such as location, client, size of project and other such factors. Estimation Estimation is the core process of bid management as inaccurate estimates during bidding may result in losing the order, or result in huge cost overruns, if the project is won. It is important to prepare the scope matrix correctly by defining boundary conditions properly. Risk management Time and effort can be saved, if proper risk assessment is conducted before submitting a bid for a new project. Incorporating risk management early into a bid can help bid managers deliver a more realistic bid, in terms of time and resource estimation. The first step is to identify the potential risks. Risks can be identified by reviewing the tender document, through meetings with the client and by brainstorming within the team by exchanging ideas from similar projects, executed in the past. Once risks are identified it is important to analyse their potential impact on various parameters such as project cash flow, project schedule etc., and also whether the risks can be eliminated or mitigated. Based on the impact analysis, risks should be rated on the parameters and an overall rating should be assigned to the project to help in deciding whether to bid for the
project or not. Based on the identified risks, adequate contingencies would also be added to the project estimate. Sourcing market intelligence During bidding, costs are estimated by getting vendor quotations for certain items or by using order prices from recent projects. Sometimes, vendors may quote higher/lower prices of items during bidding phase, compared to actual prices; hence it is important for the procurement function to keep themselves abreast with current market prices, as well as competitors’ pricing models to arrive at a more meaningful cost estimate. Knowledge management and standardisation To minimise efforts during bidding and utilise knowledge of similar projects already existing within the company, knowledge management is one of the key enablers of bidding process. Database of past project designs, data sheets, bill of quantities (BOQs) and cost estimations help in optimising resources and improve accuracy of estimate. A robust IT system would ensure easy storage and retrieval of knowledge. Standard documents are generated in an organisation to reduce the job completion cycle time. For EPC organisations also, effective standardisation facilitates in executing a bid and job in a cost and time effective manner. Standard templates and guidelines for each step of bid management would help in minimising efforts during bidding. Prerequisites for improving bid management To successfully implement and realise benefits, from an integrated improvement
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in various bid management processes, management sponsorship along with effective change management is required. The prerequisites are: • Management sponsorship: Support and attention from management along with commitment to sticking by decision rules put in place, encourages better adoption of the improved processes. • Dedicated taskforce: Implementation is facilitated by forming a multi-disciplinary taskforce, dedicated to spearhead implementation of improved processes. • Structured implementation plan: Pilot implementation of a few processes is a good way to buy-in across the organisation. Thereafter, full-fledged implementation can be taken up. This will also make change management effective and smooth. • Program management office (PMO): Formulation of a PMO ensures coordinated monitoring and faster implementation • Training: Formal training packs for the improved processes should be prepared and employees should be trained so as to ensure faster adoption. Robust bid management helps EPC firms win better projects and execute them profitably. Effective risk management factors in costs for delays and other risks, reducing cost surprises during execution. A pragmatic bidno bid process helps avoid very high risk opportunities. Operating processes such as standardisation and knowledge management improve pre-bid effort and accuracy. Management support and organisationwide buy-in is critical for successfully implementing an integrated improvement in EPC bid management. Once established, superior bid management can be leveraged by an EPC firm to ensure sustainable and profitable growth, despite the issues n plaguing the EPC sector.
Shripad Ranade, Sr. Principal - Auto & Engg. Tata Strategic Management Group
Mittal Shah, Engagement Manager, Tata Strategic Management Group
Seema Ghosh, Associate Consultant, Tata Strategic Management Group
Cement II Industry Analysis
Infra and construction likely to pull down cement demand India Ratings maintains a stable negative outlook for cement sector for FY15 mainly on the back of slowdown in the construction and infrastructure segments
ement demand is likely to remain sluggish next fiscal with around 5—6 per cent growth impacted by slowdown in construction and infrastructure sectors, India Ratings and Services said in a report. The agency expects that the growth will be supported by an expected increase in demand from the rural sector and Tier II and Tier III cities. There could also be some uptick in demand from second half of next fiscal due to a provision in the Union Budget of 2013-2014 for an investment allowance for infrastructure projects of Rs 1,000 million and above between 1 April 2014 to 31 March 2015. Also, election results will impact overall growth in construction activities, the agency anticipates.
The rating agency has, however, maintained its “stable to negative” outlook for the sector for the next fiscal. It expects limited downside risks for integrated players who are also among the top two to three players in their respective regions. They are likely to maintain a stable outlook on their long-term issuer rating for fiscal. The median EBITDA margin of this group is unlikely to fall more than 50 bp-100 bp year-on-year in FY15. However, non-integrated players placed on the cost curve may continue to face pressure on their credit profile and thus a “Negative Outlook”. Ind-Ra expects the top five integrated players to see some margin pressure; however, it would not impact on their credit profile. Non-integrated players are likely to
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continue to witness a deteriorated credit profile till FY15, due to lack of control on cost, regional concentration and limited pricing power. Ind-Ra expects the credit profile of nonintegrated players to further deteriorate due to limited pricing power and rising costs. The EBITDA margins of non-integrated players fell to 11 per cent in 1HFY14 from 18 per cent in FY13 and the margins of integrated players fell to 18.5 per cent from 22.7 per cent. The difference of EBITDA margins between top five players and non-integrated players was 750bp. The agency expects EBITDA margins for top five integrated players to be around 19 per cent-22 per cent for FY15, while non-integrated it would be around 11 - 13 per cent.
Industry Analysis II Cement Cement consumption (LHS)
GDP multiplier (RHS)
% 12 10 8 6 4 2 0
1.6 1.2 0.8 0.4 0.0 2005
Source: CMIE,CSO and Ind-Ra Fig. 2: Cement Growth and GDP
the overall cost structure in FY13. Median freight costs increased 17 per cent y-o-y in FY13 due to an increase in rail freight rates and higher diesel prices.
investment in infrastructure leading to an improvement in cement demand. However, a fractured electoral mandate with the potential for an unstable government would be negative for the sector.
Ind-Ra expects overall capacity addition will be moderate as incremental demand will be lower than incremental supply. Capacity additions will grow at a CAGR of 6 per cent from FY13 to FY16, more than a 4 per cent CAGR increase in demand in the same period.
The agency observes, cement companies do not have the pricing power to pass on cost increases to customers due to the sluggish demand. There was a substantial increase in
External factors To the extent, the current level of global economic activity and risk appetite is maintained, the outlook will remain unaffected. However, a lower-thanexpected global growth rate or an increase in risk aversion, which may affect rupee depreciation, is likely to moderate economic activity domestically. As such, the credit profile of the sector may be adversely n affected.
Outlook Improvement in Infrastructure Spending A stable outlook could result from formation of a stable government post general elections, which may enable higher
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Real Estate II Industry Analysis
Real estate players optimistic of revival “As per the stakeholder survey, not just supply and demand for residential property, but also price is expected to witness an upward movement during the next six months”
hile key stakeholders including developers, private equity funds, banks and NBFCs believe that the present residential and office markets are comparatively weaker than what they were six months back, they are optimistic about the economic scenario and expect improvement in the next six months, revealed the maiden real estate sentiment index jointly developed by industry body FICCI and London-based realty consultant firm Knight Frank India. The survey which was conducted during October-November 2013 captured the supplier side perspective on the real estate market condition across top seven markets in the country. Apart from National Capital Region (NCR) and Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR), the survey also considered major cities i.e. Pune, Chennai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad and Kolkata to represent the Indian real estate scenario. The index showed that current sentiment is pessimistic across all zones. However, respondents from the east and south are slightly more optimistic about the future compared to the other zones and expect the real estate development to remain stable. While the index showed that there is an evident optimism for the residential sector
in terms of launches, sales volume or price appreciation in the coming six months; office sector on the other hand is expected to be pessimistic in the coming two quarters. Also, credit lending or funding situation appears worse now compared to six months back and is not expected to improve in the near future. According to the sentiment index, Mumbai and Pune are forerunners in price appreciation during 2009-2013. Pune showed the maximum appreciation amongst the IT and ITeS driven markets of Bengaluru, Hyderabad and Chennai. It said, though the NCR market prices trended downwards till the end of 2010, they have risen more than any other major residential market in India. However, Hyderabad has substantially underperformed compared to other markets. The report also pointed out that project launches, absorption and office space leasing volume peaked in 2010 post the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) and have been trending down since then. Outlook According to the FICCI-Knight Frank India real estate sentiment index, notwithstanding the economic risks associated with the election code of conduct and impending election, stakeholders expect an economic expansion
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during the next six months. However, Shishir Baijal, Chairman and Managing Director, Knight Frank India believes, “Political compulsions will supersede any economic urgency leading to a delayed economic expansion during this period.” Dr. Samantak Das, Chief Economist and Director-Research, Knight Frank India said, “As per the stakeholder survey, not just supply and demand for residential property, but also price is expected to witness an upward movement during the next six months. However, if an analogy is drawn with the 2009 general election period, the determinants of housing demand are strikingly different this time around. Property prices have risen faster than the growth in household income or general inflation during this period. Interest rates are much higher. Lack of any meaningful improvement in determinants of housing demand, according to us means the situation will remain the same.” “As business growth and employee addition remain weak in the economy, larger project completions at this time will lead to higher vacancy levels in the Indian office market,” claimed Rajiv Piramal, Co-Chair, FICCI Real Estate Committee and VC and MD, Peninsula n Land Ltd.
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Airports Authority Of India plans to construct a new international arrival block at Calicut International Airport in Malappuram, Kerala. IVRCL has secured the contract for construction and internal modification of existing international passenger terminal building and associated works. The completion period is 20 months. Status: Planning Stage Location: Malappuram, Kerala Contact: Airports Authority Of India, Site Office: Calicut Airport P.O, Malappuram-673647, Kerala Tel: 0483-2712630. Fax: 0483-2711406. Email: email@example.com Website: www.aai.aero
Suguna Foods plans to open 2,000 franchise-based and companyowned Quick Service Restaurants (QSRs) across India that will offer fried chicken, burger, etc. The project is planned for completion in 2019. Status:Planning Stage Contact: Suguna Foods Limited, Registered Office: 1057, 5th Floor, Jaya Enclave, Avinashi Road, Coimbatore - 641018, Tamil Nadu Tel: 91-422-3073000. Fax: 91-422-3073333. Website: www.sugunapoultry.com
Hotels & Motels
Bestech Hospitalities plans to construct 43 nos. â€˜Park Inn By Radissonâ€™ hotels across India. Carlson Rezidor Hotel Group has entered into a partnership agreement with Bestech to deliver an additional 43 new generation Park Inn by Radisson hotels in north and central India. Status: Planning Stage Contact: Bestech Hospitalities Private Limited, Corporate Office: Bestech House, 124, Sector-44, Gurgaon-122002, Haryana Tel: 124-4540000/ 4540077. Fax: 124-4540033/ 4540044. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.bestechgroup.com
Narayana Hrudayalaya is planning a 100 beds cancer care centre in Mysore, Karnataka. Bhoomi pooja will be held on 25th January, 2014. The project is planned for completion in H2 2014. Status: Planning Stage Location: Mysore, Karnataka Contact: Narayana Hrudayalaya Private Limited, Registered Office:No. 258/A, Bommasandra Industrial Area, Hosur Road, Anekal Taluk, Bangalore-560099, Karnataka Tel: 080-22152215/ 27835006/ 27835007/ 27835018/ 71222222. Fax: 080-27832648. Email: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.narayanahospitals.com/ www.narayanahealth.org
Roads & Highways
National Highways Authority Of India is implementing 4-laning of Ganga Bridge to Rama Devi crossing in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh. Gammon India is the contractor. The project is scheduled for completion in Q4 2014. Status: Under Implementation Location: Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh Contact: National Highways Authority Of India , Head Office:G 5&6, Sector-10, Dwarka, New Delhi 110075 Tel: 011-25074100/ 25074200. Fax: 011-25093514/ 25093524. Website: www.nhai.org Contractor: Gammon India Limited, Registered Office:Veer Savarkar Marg, Prabhadevi, Mumbai 400025, Maharashtra Tel: 022-61114000/ 67444000. Fax: 022-24300221. Email: email@example.com Website: www.gammonindia.com
Government Of Odisha plans development of a port at River Mahanadi, Paradip, dist. Jagatsinghpur, Odisha on PPP mode. The agreement has been signed with WAPCOS as the technical consultant. The project will be awarded to the successful bidder selected through a competitive bidding process, if found technically feasible and financially viable. Status: Planning Stage Location: Jagatsinghpur, Odisha. Contact: Government Of Odisha, Administrative Office:Department Of Commerce & Transport, Odisha Secretariat, Bhubaneswar, Khordha-751001, Odisha Tel: 674-2536857. Fax: 674-2536750. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.odisha.gov.in
Water Supply and Treatment
Joyalukkas India plans to launch jewellery stores across India. The company plans to roll out 15 jewellery stores in Maharashtra and also expand its presence in Gujarat, Kolkata and Delhi in the next three years. Status: Planning Stage Contact: Joyalukkas India Private Limited, Registered Office: Door No.40/2096 A&B, Peevees Triton, Marine Drive, Shanmugham Road, Kochi, Ernakulam-682031, Kerala Tel: 484-2385035. Fax: 484-2385032. Website: www.joyalukkasindia.com
Kerala Water Authority plans to construct a 10 MLD water treatment plant at Veeranakavu, dist. Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. Administrative sanction has been received from the Government. Tenders are yet to be invited. Status: Planning Stage Location: Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala Contacts: Ms. Leena, Executive Engineer. Kerala Water Authority, Office Of The Executive Engineer, Project Division, Observatory Hills, Thiruvananthapuram-695033, Kerala Tel: 471-2330677. Website: www.kwa.kerala.gov.in
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Company Name: Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences & Research Tender Detail: Construction of 350 bedded hospital complex for Sri Jayadeva Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences and Research at KRS Road, Mysore Location: Mysore Documentation Sale from: 28-January-2014 Documentation Sale to: 26-March-2014 Documentation Fees: ` 7,500/- EMD: ` 1,15,00,000/Closing Date: 26-March-2014 Address: Board Room, 1st floor, SJICSR, 9th block, Jayanagar, Bangalore-560069 Mob: 9448043967 Tel: 080-22977455 Website: www.jayadevacardiology.com
Company Name: Tamil Nadu Transmission Corporation Limited Tender Detail: Erection of 230 KV and 110 kv associated lines of Purusai 230 kv AIS Substation(SS) in Villupuram Region. Location: Villupuram Documentation Sale from: 18-January-2014 Documentation Sale to: 04-March-2014 Documentation Fees: ` 10,000/- (in person), `10,300/(by post) Closing Date: 05-March-2014 Address: Tantransco, VI Floor Western Wing, NPKRR Maaligai, 144 Anna Salai, Chennai-600002 Tel: 044-28520131/ Extn. 2945 Fax: 044-28521107 Email: email@example.com , firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.tantransco.gov.in; www.tneb.in Company Name: Power Grid Corporation of India Limited Tender Detail: Reactor package-RT1 for line reactor and bus reactor at Srikakulam s/s and Vemagiri GIS s/s new under system strengthening in SR for import of power from ER Location: Vemagiri, Srikakulam Documentation Sale from: 31-January-2014 Documentation Sale to:18-March-2014 Documentation Fees: ` 25,000/EMD: ` 2,06,78,000/Closing Date: 24-March-2014 Address: DGM (CS-G5)/Chief Manager (CSG5), Saudamini, 3rd Floor, Plot No.2, Sector – 29, Gurgaon, Haryana–122001 Tel: 0124-2822339/ 2337 / 2352. Dir.no. 124-2571792 Fax: 0124-2571831 Website: www.powergridindia.com
Water & Sewage
Company Name: Tiruchengod Municipality Tender Detail: Providing water supply management system (Phase-I) for water supply scheme in Tiruchengode Municipality. Location: Tiruchengod Documentation Sale from: 30-January-2014 Documentation Sale to: 5-March-2014
EMD: ` 3, 07,000/Closing Date: 5-March-2014 Address: Commissioner, Municipal Office, 1, Cutchery Street, Tiruchengode, Namakkal - 637211, Tamil Nadu Tel: 4288-252310 Fax: 4288-252360 Email: email@example.com Website: www.municipality.tn.gov.in/tiruchengode, www.municipality.tn.gov.in
Company Name: National Highways Authority Of India Tender Detail: RFQs for Four laning of Yadgiri Warangal section of NH 163 in the State of Andhra Pradesh under NHDP Phase IV to be executed in BOT (Toll) mode on DBFOT Basis on e-basis. Location: Andhra Pradesh Documentation Sale to: 23-March-2014 Documentation Fees: ` 1, 295/- Closing Date: 24-March-2014 Address: General Manager (Technical), National Highways Authority of India, G-5 & G-6, Sector-10, Dwarka, New Delhi-110 075, Delhi Tel: 011-25074100 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.nhai.org
Company Name: Bruhat Bangalore Mahanagara Palike Tender Detail: Construction of 2MLD sewage water treatment plant by Reclamation Plant/Soil Bio Technology/Dewat/ or any other Technology on DBOT basis at Halasur lake in Ward No90,Shivajinagar Constituency in Bangalore. Location: Bangalore Documentation Sale from:16-January-2014 Documentation Sale to: 19-March-2014 Documentation Fees: ` 5,000/EMD: ` 7,35,000/Closing Date: 21-March-2014 Address: V. Ravindra, Annex-3 Building, Lakes, 3rd Floor, Street, BBMP head office, N R Square, Bangalore, Karnataka – 560001 Tel: 080-22221170 Website: www.karnataka.gov.in
Company Name: National Highways Authority Of India Tender Detail: E-tender for Four laning of Dimapur - Kohima Section of NH-39 (From Km 124.100 to Km 172.900) in the State of Nagaland under SARDP - NE on Build Operate and Transfer (Annuity) Basis. Location: Nagaland Documentation Sale from: 27-January-2014 Documentation Sale to: 11-March-2014 Documentation Fees: ` 2, 20,000 /EMD: ` 10.90 crore (Bid Security) Closing Date: 12-March-2014 Address: National Highways Authority of India, G-5&6, Sector 10, Dwarka, Dist. New Delhi-110 075 Tel: 011-25074100-200(Extn.:1337) Email: email@example.com Website: http://www.nhai.org
Company Name: Southern Railway Tender Detail: Improvements to sewerage system Location: PT Colony, Chennai Documentation Sale from: 31-January-2014 Documentation Sale to: 13-March-2014 Documentation Fees: ` 5,480/EMD: ` 1, 81,112/Closing Date: 13-March-2014 Address: Senior Divisional Engineer /Co- ordination / MAS Division, Office of the Divisional Railway Manager, Southern Railway, Park Town, Chennai-600003, Tamil Nadu Tel: 044-25351136 Website: www.sr.indianrailways.gov.in
Company Name: Paradip Port Trust Tender Detail: Maintenance dredging of Approach Channel & Harbour of Paradip Port Trust. Location: Paradip Documentation Sale from: 23-January-2014 Documentation Sale to: 19-March-2014 Documentation Fees: `10, 000/EMD: ` 46, 00,000/Closing Date: 19-March-2014 Address: Deputy Conservator & PFSO, Paradip Port Trust, Administrative Building (Rear Wing), Paradip Port-754142, Odisha Tel: 06722-222025 Website: www.paradipport.gov.in
Company Name: North Eastern Railway Tender Detail: Construction of high level passenger platforms, Circulating area, Approach road, Platform benches, P.P shelter, FOB, Water hydrant, Shunting neck, Type II Quarters (D/S), Running room (D/S), PWI office, CC drains, Retaining walls, Open duct, etc. including Earthwork in cutting and filling in formation, Approach roads, Platforms, Shunting necks in connection with yard remodeling works at Lalkua Yard (Phase -I). Location: Lalkua Documentation Sale from: 31-January-2014 Documentation Sale to: 11-March-2014 Documentation Fees: ` 10, 000/EMD: ` 5, 61,820/Closing Date: 12-March-2014 Address: Office of the Chief Administrative Officer - Construction, North Eastern Railway, Gorakhpur-273012, Uttar Pradesh Tel: 551-2284679 Website: www.ner.indianrailways.gov.in
Company Name: IDCI Group Tender Detail: E-tender for Charter Hire of 1400 (Minimum) & 2000 HP Capacity Rig Package with Crew, for Drilling operation in India. (Period : Two years, extendable to Four years) Documentation Sale to: 20-March-2014 Documentation Fees: $ 2,000/- (or) `1, 00,000/- EMD: As mentioned in the NIT Closing Date: 21-March-2014 Address: Group IDCI / Member, Bapuji Nagar, Bhubaneswar, Dist.Khorda-751009, Odisha Mobile: 9883650222 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com Website: http://www.idcigroup.com
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dbHMS oﬀers specialized and focused engineering solutions for Indian Market. With in-depth understanding of Indian climate, culture and having worked on latest technologies in USA, dbHMS India has become a perfect bridge for projects which are looking for contextual but innovative solutions. On the cutting edge of contemporary commercial, industrial and institutional green engineering for the built environment, dbHMS’ team of experts oﬀer essential services to help achieve sustainable objectives. The company provides consulting support to design buildings with minimum energy consumption and lowest carbon footprint.
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