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PHYSICS

2017

cambridge.org/physics2017

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Welcome to the Physics books catalogue 2017. Here you will find new and forthcoming titles, representing the highest level of academic research from renowned authors. Our highlights this year include exciting new works, including Maxwell’s Enduring Legacy, by Malcolm Longair, and A Fortunate Universe, by Geraint Lewis and Luke Barnes. We also publish a range of leading Physics journals, including Journal of Plasma Physics and Journal of Fluid Mechanics which celebrated the 60th Anniversary in 2016. You can recommend our books, online collections and journals to your librarian by filling out the form at the back of this catalogue. Our physics publications are available in a variety of formats, including ebooks and print, as well as online collections for institutional purchase via our publishing service Cambridge Core. To see more book listings, product information, preview extracts and reviews, and to find out which conferences we are attending, you can find us online at www.cambridge.org/ Physics. You can also keep up to date with the latest news and author views from our academic blog at http://www.cambridgeblog.org/category/sci-tech/physics/. We hope that you enjoy reading about our latest publications. For queries, suggestions or proposals, you can find a list of useful contacts at the back of this catalogue.

Be the first to hear about the academic products in your area of interest

How to order books In Asia: www.cambridge.org/physics2017

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+65 6220 9870 asia@cambridge.org

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Contents Condensed matter physics, nanoscience and mesoscopic physics 1 Quantum physics, quantum information and quantum computation 4 Statistical physics

5

Biological physics

6

FOUNDATIONS OF NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS

Optics, optoelectronics and photonics 7

T. W. Donnelly J. A. Formaggio B. R. Holstein R. G. Milner B. Surrow

9

‘Probably no living person knows more about the Cavendish Laboratory than Malcolm Longair – world-renowned astrophysicist and former head of the Laboratory. This is a definitive and authoritative insider account of the ground-breaking science that has emerged from one of the world’s greatest laboratories over its 142 year history. Longair’s encyclopaedic knowledge, based on nearly forty years at the Cavendish, including eight years as Head of Department, is transferred elegantly onto the written page, alongside a generous selection of images and illustrations of the scientists, their apparatus and the results of their research.’ James Stirling, Imperial College London

‘This is the story of how the world’s leading physics laboratory reinvented itself on several occasions – from the discovery of the fundamental particles of nature, to the structure of materials, to the invention of modern biology and the discovery of the universe in all its glory and incredible scale. The author himself led the most recent incarnation of the Cavendish, and he has a deft touch for putting the humanity behind the science.’

10

Peter Littlewood, Argonne National Laboratory

The Cavendish Laboratory is arguably the most famous physics laboratory in the world. Founded in 1874, it rapidly gained a leading international reputation through the researches of the Cavendish professors beginning with Maxwell, Rayleigh, J.J. Thomson, Rutherford and Bragg. Its name will always be associated with the discoveries of the electron, the neutron, the structure of the DNA molecule and pulsars, but these are simply the tip of the iceberg of outstanding science. The physics carried out in the laboratory is the central theme of the book and this is explained in reasonably non-technical terms. The research activities are set in their international context. Generously illustrated, with many pictures of the apparatus used and diagrams from the original papers, the story is brought right up to date with descriptions of the science carried out under the leadership of the very different personalities of Mott, Pippard and Edwards.

Particle physics and nuclear physics 12

M A X W E L L’ S ENDURING LEGACY

Theoretical physics and mathematical physics

LONGAIR

Atomic physics, molecular physics and chemical physics

MALCOLM LONGAIR

M A X W E L L’ S ENDURING LEGACY A SCIENTIFIC HIS TORY OF T H E C A V E N D I S H L A B O R AT O R Y

9781107083691: Longair: PPC: C M Y K

Malcolm Longair is Jacksonian Professor Emeritus of Natural Philosophy and Director of Development at the Cavendish Laboratory. He was appointed the ninth Astronomer Royal of Scotland in 1980, as well as the Regius Professor of Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, and the Director of the Royal Observatory, Edinburgh. He was head of the Cavendish Laboratory from 1997 to 2005 and he has served on and chaired many international committees, boards and panels, working with both NASA and the European Space Agency. He has received much recognition for his work over the years, including a CBE in the Millennium Honours list for his services to astronomy and cosmology.

Cosmology, relativity and gravitation 13 Cover illustration: the new Maxwell Centre for collaboration between fundamental physics and industry at the Cavendish Laboratory. Image courtesy of 3DW/BDP. Cover design: Andrew Ward

Plasma physics and fusion physics 15

From

Computational science and modelling 16

MAT TER to LIFE

Information and Causality

Nonlinear science and fluid dynamics 17 Mathematical methods and computational tools General and classical physics History, philosophy and foundations of physics Also of interest

Luke A. Barnes is a postdoctoral researcher at the Sydney Institute for Astronomy. His university medal from the University of Sydney helped Dr Barnes earn a scholarship to complete a Ph.D. at the University of Cambridge. He has published papers in the field of galaxy formation and on the fine-tuning of the Universe for life. He has been invited to speak at the 2011 and 2015 St Thomas Summer Seminars in Philosophy of Religion and Philosophical Theology, the University of California Summer School for the Philosophy of Cosmology, and numerous public lectures. He blogs at letterstonature.wordpress.com and tweets @lukebarnes83.

19 19

Over the last 40 years, scientists have uncovered evidence that if the Universe had been forged with even slightly different properties, life as we know it - and life as we can imagine it - would be impossible.

20

Join us on a journey through how we understand the Universe, from its most basic particles and forces, to planets, stars and galaxies, and back through cosmic history to the birth of the cosmos. Conflicting notions about our place in the Universe are defined, defended and critiqued from scientific, philosophical and religious viewpoints. The authors’ engaging and witty style addresses what finetuning might mean for the future of physics and the search for the ultimate laws of nature. Tackling difficult questions and providing thought-provoking answers, this volumes challenges us to consider our place in the cosmos, regardless of our initial convictions.

21 22

9781107156616: Lewis: Jacket: C M Y K

Information on related journals Inside back cover

34389_Physics_prelims.indd 1

ISBN 978-1-107-15661-6

Printed in the United Kingdom Cover design: Andrew Ward

9 781107 156616 >

A FORTUNATE UNIVERSE

Geraint F. Lewis is a professor of astrophysics at the Sydney Institute for Astronomy, part of the University of Sydney. With an undergraduate education at the University of London, and a Ph.D. in Astrophysics from the world-renowned Institute of Astronomy at the University of Cambridge, Professor Lewis is an internationally recognized astrophysicist, having published more than 200 papers in a diverse range of fields, including gravitational lensing, galactic cannibalism, cosmology and large-scale structure. As well as being an accomplished lecturer, he regularly engages in public outreach through public speaking, articles in the popular press, and through social media, on twitter as @Cosmic_Horizons and on his blog at cosmic-horizons.blogspot.com.

EDITED BY

Sara Imari Walker Paul C. W. Davies George F. R. Ellis

LEWIS AND BARNES

Electronics for physicists

see page 12

GERAINT F. LEWIS AND LUKE A. BARNES

A FORTUNATE UNIVERSE Life in a Finely Tuned Cosmos

see page 20

HIGHLIGHTS

see page 4

see page 21

see page 21

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Featured authors

ed evidence s have uncover 40 years, scientist with even slightly Over the last had been forged life as we can that if the Universe life as we know it - and ies, different propert be impossible. the imagine it - would we understand through how to journey forces, a and on us Join particles cosmic history its most basic Universe, from and back through about our and galaxies, ing notions planets, stars the cosmos. Conflictdefended and critiqued to the birth of are defined, nts. The place in the Universe hical and religious viewpoi fine, philosop addresses what search from scientific g and witty style and the authors’ engagin for the future of physics mean tuning might laws of nature. -provoking for the ultimate providing thought place questions and to consider our Tackling difficult challenges us ns. volumes answers, this our initial convictio regardless of in the cosmos,

GERAINT F. LEWIS AND

Our universe is remarkable in ways that science is only just beginning to understand. The deep

Life in a Finely Tuned

Cosmos

ERSE

mathematical patterns that we discover behind nature, and the conditions of the big bang itself, have

LUKE A. BARNES

A FORTUNATE UNIVERSE

A FORTUNATE UNIV

of is a professor Geraint F. Lewis Sydney Institute for at the ty of astrophysics of the Universi education Astronomy, part an undergraduate a Ph.D. Sydney. With and ty of London, nowned at the Universi from the world-re ty in Astrophysics my at the Universi is an Institute of Astrono Lewis r Professo sicist, of Cambridge, recognized astrophy papers internationally 200 than d more having publishe of fields, including in a diverse range cannibalism, galactic lensing, e. As gravitational large-scale structur lecturer, cosmology and lished accomp an well as being in public outreach in the he regularly engages speaking, articles media, through public social and through popular press, ns and on his @Cosmic_Horizo t.com. on twitter as orizons.blogspo blog at cosmic-h is a postdoc toral Luke A. Barnes Institute for Sydney the at from the researcher universit y medal Astronomy. His Dr Barnes earn Sydney helped University of a Ph.D. at the to complete a scholarship has published Cambridge. He University of formation and field of galaxy for life. papers in the ng of the Universe 2011 on the fine-tuni at the invited to speak s in He has been Summer Seminar Thomas St and 2015 Philosophical Religion and Philosophy of California University of hy of Theology, the for the Philosop lectures. Summer School numerous public and gy, s.com Cosmolo nature.wordpres He blogs at letterstornes83. @lukeba tweets and

LEWIS AND BARNES

Geraint F. Lewis, Univeristy of Sydney Luke A. Barnes, Univeristy of Sydney Authors of A Fortunate Universe

the rare ability to create and support life forms. We have found that audiences of all kinds – scientist, Lewis: 9781107156616:

philosopher, and lay – are as fascinated as we are by this “fine-tuning for life”, and the deep questions 15661-6

ISBN 978-1-107-

> 9 781107 156616

Jacket: C M

United Kingdom Printed in the Andrew Ward Cover design:

YK

it raises: Why are we here? Why is the universe the way it is? Is there more to the universe than our telescopes can see? These are the inspiration for our book.

Features The best-selling undergraduate quantum mechanics textbook now in a re-issued edition from Cambridge • Concise yet comprehensive presentationUniversity Press. – Avoids the temptation to include every possible relevant topic, in order to give students a complete treatment that is not oppressively long. • Straightforward writing style – Entertains and informs without intimidating. Presents students with material that they can easily focus on—with few distractions and diversions. • Relevant examples and problems – Links them closely to text material. • Computer-based problems using Mathematica.

development or its purely abstract formulation. Quantum mechanics is radically counter-intuitive,

se c on d edi t ion

se c o n d edition

and it is essential that the student acquire a solid understanding of what it says (and what it does

introduction to

Quantum Mechanics

Quantum Mecha nics

an emphasis on the logical structure of the theory, as opposed to its historical

This text first teaches students how to do quantum mechanics, and then provides them with a more insightful discussion of what it means. Fundamental principles are covered, quantum theory presented, and special techniques developed for attacking realistic problems. Two-part coverage organizes topics under basic theory, and assembles an arsenal of approximation schemes with illustrative applications.

introduc tion to

perspective I find most effective pedagogically, with a coherent story line and

Griffiths

I wanted to provide a clear and accessible treatment of the subject from the

978110717986 8 GRIFFITHS – INTRODUCTIO N TO QUANTUM MECHANICS PPC C M Y K

David J. Griffiths, Reed College, Oregon Author of Introduction to Quantum Mechanics

not). I hope the reader of my book will develop a confident ability to “do” quantum mechanics,

David J. Griffiths

even as we all struggle to figure out what it really “means.”

Richard Martin, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign Lucia Reining, École Polytechnique, Paris David Ceperley, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign Authors of Interacting Electrons, Theory and Computational Approaches

Richard M. Martin, Lucia Reining,

and David M. Ceperley

Interacting Electrons Theory and Computational

Approaches

Electronic structure calculations are a standard tool in condensed matter physics, chemistry and materials science. Independent-particle methods are successful for some purposes. However, many-body methods are required to understand the fascinating phenomena that result from interactions. Although many-body techniques are often seen as the province of specialists, realistic calculations are now becoming essential tools for research. Our motivation to write Interacting Electrons is to make these approaches accessible, by providing a unified exposition of the most widely-used methods, with theoretical background, computational approaches, practical guidelines and instructive applications. We want to bring life to the mathematics underlying the methods by introducing each topic with an overview with physical reasoning, followed by in-depth derivations and descriptions. No other book – or any other source – brings together the different methods, making connections between them with their advantages and disadvantages, and illustrating examples appropriate for each method.

Visit www.cambridge.org/authorhub for a range of step-by-step guides for authors 34389_Physics_prelims.indd 2

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Condensed matter physics, nanoscience and mesoscopic physics

Condensed matter physics, nanoscience and mesoscopic physics 2D Materials Properties and Devices Edited by Phaedon Avouris

Transfer matrix properties; Appendix G. Momentum; Appendix H. Confined particles; Appendix I. Spin and quantum statistics; Appendix J. Statistical mechanics; Appendix K. The Fermi–Dirac distribution; Appendix L. Thermal current fluctuations; Appendix M. Gaussian wave packets; Appendix N. Wave packet dynamics; Appendix O. Screening by symmetry method; Appendix P. Commutation and common eigenfunctions; Appendix Q. Interband coupling; Appendix R. Common crystal structures; Appendix S. Effective mass approximation; Appendix T. Integral doubling formula; Bibliography; Index.

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, California

2017 246 x 189 mm 550pp 276 b/w illus.   978-1-107-08494-0 Hardback c. £50.00 / c. US$85.00

and Tony Low

Publication February 2017

University of Minnesota

For all formats available, see

IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, New York

Tony F. Heinz

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the electronic and optical properties and potential applications of 2D materials. Presenting the most recent experimental findings of leading experts in the field, it is an ideal reference for students, researchers and practitioners working in nanotechnology, condensed matter physics, and chemistry. 2017 247 x 174 mm 500pp 232 b/w illus.  12 tables   978-1-107-16371-3 Hardback c. £64.99 / c. US$115.00 Publication March 2017 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107163713

TEXTBOOK

Physics of Electronic Materials Principles and Applications Jørgen Rammer Lunds Universitet, Sweden

With numerous exercises throughout the text and supplementary material incorporated within the appendices, this textbook explains the physical principles required to understand the operation of cutting edge electronic devices. It will appeal to advanced undergraduate and graduate students in physics and engineering and to anyone interested in how electronic devices function at a fundamental level. Contents: 1. Quantum mechanics; 2. Quantum tunneling; 3. Standard metal model; 4. Standard conductor model; 5. Electric circuit theory; 6. Quantum wells; 7. Particle in a periodic potential; 8. Bloch currents; 9. Crystalline solids; 10. Semiconductor doping; 11. Transistors; 12. Heterostructures; 13. Mesoscopic physics; 14. Arithmetic, logic and machines; Appendix A. Principles of quantum mechanics; Appendix B. Dirac’s delta function; Appendix C. Fourier analysis; Appendix D. Classical mechanics; Appendix E. Wave function properties; Appendix F.

www.cambridge.org/9781107084940

Universal Themes of Bose-Einstein Condensation Edited by N. P. Proukakis University of Newcastle upon Tyne

D. W. Snoke University of Pittsburgh

and P. B. Littlewood Argonne National Laboratory, Illinois

Written by experts in the field, this book surveys theoretical concepts and research to date on Bose–Einstein condensation (BEC), focusing on BEC as a universal phenomenon. Covering topics including superfluidity, superconductivity, non-standard lasing, magnetic waves and cosmology, it is an excellent resource for researchers and students in theoretical and experimental physics. 2017 247 x 174 mm 697pp 138 b/w illus.  3 tables   978-1-107-08569-5 Hardback £69.99 / US$100.00 Publication February 2017 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107085695

TEXTBOOK

Fundamentals, Properties, and Applications of Polymer Nanocomposites Joseph H. Koo University of Texas, Austin

This book is focused primarily on polymer nanocomposites. The main discussion is on polymer nanocomposites composed of a family of polymeric materials whose properties are capable of being tailored to meet specific applications. This volume serves

1

as a general introduction to researchers just entering the field and to scholars. Contents: Part I. Fundamentals, Processing, and Characterization: 1. Introduction to nanotechnology; 2. An overview of nanomaterials; 3. Basics of polymer matrices and composites; 4. Selecting resin matrix and nanomaterials for applications; 5. Processing of multifunctional polymer nanocomposites; 6. Structure and properties characterization; Part II. Multifunctional Properties and Applications: 7. Mechanical properties of polymer nanocomposites; 8. Thermal properties of polymer nanocomposites; 9. Flammability properties of polymer nanocomposites; 10. Ablation properties of polymer nanocomposites; 11. Electrical properties of polymer nanocomposites; 12. Optical properties of polymer nanocomposites; 13. Other enhanced properties of polymer nanocomposites; Part III. Concerns and Outlook: 14. Nanotechnology environmental and health impacts for nanomaterials and polymer nanocomposites; 15. Opportunities, trends, and challenges for polymer nanocomposites.

Jørgen

r ammer

Physics of electronic m at e r i a l s P r i n c i P l e s a n d a P P l i c at i o n s

2016 253 x 177 mm 768pp 1047 b/w illus.  96 tables   978-1-107-02996-5 Hardback £84.99 / US$135.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107029965

Modern Techniques of Surface Science Third edition D. Phil Woodruff University of Warwick

With this fully revised third edition, readers will understand the physical principles, strengths and limitations of the techniques used in surface science and nanoscience today. It brings together the different techniques used to determine the surface composition, surface structure, surface electronic structure, surface microstructure and nanostructure, and surface adsorption. ‘For more than three decades, the first two editions of D. Phil Woodruff’s text have been a key reference for surface scientists: simple, comprehensive, authoritative, extremely helpful as a first step for graduate students and junior researchers. The fast evolution of the field required a general update, and this was done in a masterful way. But this new edition goes well beyond: the strategy of the presentation has changed radically to reflect the present situation of the field, becoming a ‘user-oriented’ instrument. As such, it is even more useful than the past editions, and therefore highly recommended.’ Giorgio Margaritondo, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland

eBooks available at www.cambridge.org/ebookstore

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Condensed matter physics, nanoscience and mesoscopic physics 2016 247 x 174 mm 508pp 256 b/w illus.   978-1-107-02310-9 Hardback £79.99 / US$125.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107023109

Bubble and Foam Chemistry Robert J. Pugh

pedagogical examination of the field and its applications. This is an essential resource for graduate students, teachers, and researchers.

Nanowire Transistors

2016 247 x 174 mm 512pp 60 b/w illus.   978-1-107-00642-3 Hardback £49.99 / US$84.99

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company Limited (TSMC)

For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107006423

Nottingham Trent University

Combining academic and industrial viewpoints, this is the definitive stand-alone resource for researchers, students and industrialists. With the latest on foam research, test methods and real-world applications, it provides straightforward answers to why foaming occurs, how it can be avoided, and how different degrees of antifoaming can be achieved. 2016 247 x 174 mm 444pp 307 b/w illus.  7 tables   978-1-107-09057-6 Hardback £59.99 / US$94.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107090576

Interacting Electrons Theory and Computational Approaches Richard M. Martin University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Lucia Reining École Polytechnique, Paris

and David M. Ceperley University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

This extensive textbook sets out modern methods of computing properties of materials for graduates and researchers who want to use and understand advanced tools. Including essential theoretical background, practical guidelines and instructive applications, as well as less technical topic overviews for beginners, this book illuminates the mathematics behind the methods. 2016 247 x 174 mm 840pp 203 b/w illus.  5 tables  203 exercises   978-0-521-87150-1 Hardback £54.99 / US$89.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9780521871501

Quantum Monte Carlo Methods Algorithms for Lattice Models J. E. Gubernatis

TEXTBOOK

Fundamentals of Condensed Matter Physics Marvin L. Cohen University of California, Berkeley

and Steven G. Louie University of California, Berkeley

Based on an established course and covering all the fundamentals, central areas and contemporary topics of this diverse field, Fundamentals of Condensed Matter Physics is a muchneeded textbook for graduate students. Coverage of concepts and techniques ensures that both theoretically and experimentally inclined students gain the strong understanding needed for research and teaching. Contents: Part I. Basic Concepts: Electrons and Phonons: 1. Concept of a solid: qualitative introduction and overview; 2. Electrons in crystals; 3. Electronic energy bands; 4. Lattice vibrations and phonons; Part II. Electron Intercations, Dynamics and Responses: 5. Electron dynamics in crystals; 6. Many-electron interactions: the interacting electron gas and beyond; 7. Density functional theory; 8. The dielectric function for solids; Part III. Optical and Transport Phenomena: 9. Electronic transitions and optical properties of solids; 10. Electronphonon interactions; 11. Dynamics of crystal electrons in a magnetic field; 12. Fundamentals of transport phenomena in solids; Part IV. Superconductivity, Magnetism, and Lower Dimensional Systems: 13. Using many-body techniques; 14. Superconductivity; 15. Magnetism; 16. Reduced-dimensional systems and nanostructures; Index. 2016 246 x 189 mm 460pp 246 b/w illus.  9 tables  100 exercises   978-0-521-51331-9 Hardback £54.99 / US$84.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9780521513319

Physics of Devices and Materials in One Dimension Jean-Pierre Colinge and James C. Greer Tyndall National Institute, Ireland

From quantum mechanical concepts to practical circuit applications, this book presents a self-contained and up-to-date account of the physics and technology of nanowire semiconductor devices. This is an essential resource for researchers and professional engineers working on semiconductor devices and materials in both academia and industry. 2016 247 x 174 mm 265pp 131 b/w illus.  5 tables   978-1-107-05240-6 Hardback £54.99 / US$84.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107052406

Dynamics of Quantised Vortices in Superfluids Edouard B. Sonin Hebrew University of Jerusalem

This book draws together all the basic principles of vortex dynamics in neutral superfluids in one comprehensive volume. 2016 247 x 174 mm 400pp 53 b/w illus.   978-1-107-00668-3 Hardback £99.99 / US$155.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107006683

Holographic Duality in Condensed Matter Physics Jan Zaanen Universiteit Leiden

Ya-Wen Sun Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

Yan Liu Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

and Koenraad Schalm Universiteit Leiden

A pioneering treatise presenting how the mathematical techniques of holographic duality can unify the fundamental theories of physics. 2015 247 x 174 mm 583pp 79 b/w illus.  4 tables   978-1-107-08008-9 Hardback £49.99 / US$79.99

Los Alamos National Laboratory

For all formats available, see

N. Kawashima

www.cambridge.org/9781107080089

University of Tokyo

and P. Werner Université de Fribourg, Switzerland

Featuring detailed explanations of the major algorithms used in quantum Monte Carlo simulations, this is the first textbook of its kind to provide a

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Condensed matter physics, nanoscience and mesoscopic physics TEXTBOOK

Introduction to Many-Body Physics Piers Coleman Rutgers University, New Jersey

This book explains the tools and concepts needed for a research-level understanding of the subject, for graduate students in condensed matter physics. Contents: Introduction; 1. Scales and complexity; 2. Quantum fields; 3. Conserved particles; 4. Simple examples of second-quantization; 5. Green’s functions; 6. Landau Fermi liquid theory; 7. Zero temperature Feynman diagrams; 8. Finite temperature many-body physics; 9. Fluctuation dissipation and linear response theory; 10. Electron transport theory; 11. Phase transitions and broken symmetry; 12. Path integrals; 13. Path integrals and itinerant magnetism; 14. Superconductivity and BCS theory; 15. Retardation and anisotrophic pairing; 16. Local moments and the Kondo effect; 17. Heavy electrons; 18. Mixed valence, fluctuations and topology; 19. Epilogue: the challenge of the future; Index. 2015 246 x 189 mm 810pp 161 b/w illus.  229 colour illus.  10 tables  30 exercises   978-0-521-86488-6 Hardback £49.99 / US$84.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9780521864886

Elements of Slow-Neutron Scattering Basics, Techniques, and Applications J. M. Carpenter Argonne National Laboratory, Illinois

and C.-K. Loong Argonne National Laboratory, Illinois

This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to the fundamental theory and applications of slow-neutron scattering. 2015 247 x 174 mm 536pp 197 b/w illus.  11 tables   978-0-521-85781-9 Hardback £113.00 / US$180.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9780521857819

TEXTBOOK

Statistical Mechanics and Applications in Condensed Matter Carlo Di Castro Università degli Studi di Roma ‘La Sapienza’, Italy

and Roberto Raimondi Università degli Studi Roma Tre

An innovative and modular textbook combining established classical topics in statistical mechanics with the latest developments in condensed matter physics. ‘… a coherent presentation of classical thermodynamics and statistical physics on [the] one hand, and more recent developments and the front of contemporary research on the other … it [is] well suited for students and graduates as well as researchers. I recommend it!’ Peter Fulde, Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Dresden

Contents: Preface; 1. Thermodynamics: a brief overview; 2. Kinetics; 3. From Boltzmann to Gibbs; 4. More ensembles; 5. The thermodynamic limit and its thermodynamic stability; 6. Density matrix and quantum statistical mechanics; 7. The quantum gases; 8. Mean-field theories and critical phenomena; 9. Second quantization and Hartree–Fock approximation; 10. Linear response and fluctuation-dissipation theorem in quantum systems: equilibrium and small deviations; 11. Brownian motion and transport in disordered systems; 12. Fermi liquids; 13. The Landau theory of the second order phase transitions; 14. The Landau-Wilson model for critical phenomena; 15. Superfluidity and superconductivity; 16. The scaling theory; 17. The renormalization group approach; 18. Thermal Green functions; 19. The microscopic foundations of Fermi liquids; 20. The Luttinger liquid; 21. Quantum interference effects in disordered electron systems; Appendix A. The central limit theorem; Appendix B. Some useful properties of the Euler Gamma function; Appendix C. Proof of the second theorem of Yang and Lee; Appendix D. The most probable distribution for the quantum gases; Appendix E. Fermi–Dirac and Bose– Einstein integrals; Appendix F. The Fermi gas in a uniform magnetic field: Landau diamagnetism; Appendix G. Ising and gas-lattice models; Appendix H. Sum over discrete Matsubara frequencies; Appendix I. Hydrodynamics of the two-fluid model of superfluidity; Appendix J. The Cooper problem in the theory of superconductivity; Appendix K. Superconductive fluctuations phenomena; Appendix L. Diagrammatic

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aspects of the exact solution of the Tomonaga Luttinger model; Appendix M. Details on the theory of the disordered Fermi liquid; References; Author index; Index. 2015 246 x 189 mm 544pp 82 b/w illus.   978-1-107-03940-7 Hardback £51.00 / US$82.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107039407

TEXTBOOK

Nanostructures and Nanotechnology Douglas Natelson Rice University, Houston

A carefully developed textbook focusing on the fundamental principles of nanoscale science and nanotechnology. ‘Fundamentals of nanotechnology and its applications are well discussed in this book. I strongly recommend this book to all undergraduate and postgraduate students interested in nanotechnology.’ K. Kamala Bharathi, MRS Bulletin

Contents: Preface; 1. Introduction and overview; 2. Solid state physics in a nutshell; 3. Bulk materials; 4. Fabrication and characterization at the nanoscale; 5. Real solids: defects, interactions, confinement; 6. Charge transport and nanoelectronics; 7. Magnetism and magnetoelectronics; 8. Photonics; 9. Micro and nanomechanics; 10. Micro and nanofluidics; 11. Bionanotechnology: a very brief overview; 12. Nanotechnology and the future; Appendix: common quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics results; References; Index. 2015 246 x 189 mm 639pp 76 b/w illus.  241 colour illus.  4 tables  50 exercises   978-0-521-87700-8 Hardback £50.00 / US$85.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9780521877008

Scattering Methods in Complex Fluids Sow-Hsin Chen Massachusetts Institute of Technology

and Piero Tartaglia Università degli Studi di Roma ‘La Sapienza’, Italy

A modern and experimental perspective on the developments in recent decades of the physics of complex liquids. 2015 247 x 174 mm 400pp 144 b/w illus.   978-0-521-88380-1 Hardback £77.00 / US$124.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9780521883801

For regular email alerts visit www.cambridge.org/alerts

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4

Theory of Inelastic Scattering and Absorption of X-rays Michel van Veenendaal Northern Illinois University

Self-contained and comprehensive, this is the definitive guide to the theory behind X-ray spectroscopy. 2015 247 x 174 mm 237pp 30 b/w illus.   978-1-107-03355-9 Hardback £62.00 / US$98.00

Quantum physics, quantum information and quantum computation

well-structured, making it easy to jump to the desired topic and quickly determine on what that topic depends and how it is used going forward … Quantum Information Theory fills an important gap in the existing literature and will, I expect, help propagate the latest and greatest results in quantum Shannon theory to both quantum and classical researchers.’ Joseph M. Renes, Quantum Information Processing

Picturing Quantum Processes

2017 247 x 174 mm 780pp 80 b/w illus.  3 tables  300 exercises   978-1-107-17616-4 Hardback £54.99 / US$89.99

For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107033559

TEXTBOOK

Imperfections in Crystalline Solids Wei Cai Stanford University, California

and William D. Nix Stanford University, California

This unique and accessible textbook, based on fifty years of teaching, provides students with a working knowledge of the properties of defects in crystalline solids. With worked examples and endof-chapter exercises, and solutions and MATLAB® programs available online, it is essential for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses on crystal defects.

QuAntum theory from fIrst PrIncIPles

tu ct pr a th st nt de pers for st ok sh an pe t ju is bo the qu ve as m fir ficie new ation ter ry. is no . th ing tuiti s fro e ef cally rm mpu theo s. It ility build terin ocol d mor radi info s, co the m ic ot a of un ysic ab re ph plic by e co ion pr ter an ring antu phys ing s, th nd qu fe or l ap sa ciple ter rmat sh . of and ts in rsta fo ith se ry as in en de tum the l pr to m m in d w l ea theo stud er un an w of an na tu w y s Qu ho quan ns, ptio tum onal s, deep he fello em ct uatio exce quan essi g a teac is a Acad in tru t eq ith e he he w se of prof ek en re It. of th and es ilated cour ers, er se he n r ch tsid , w p Qu be atio i). nt ssim ficie sear ou rsity e grou mem unic QX us re ef (f a m e of al ive an ed at curio un ads th ica, com itute ienc retic e er via m st sc eo ai as th Pa d le Am onic In ter r th oup l Gr r at , an ty of Phot tions mpu fo wel so eory r es co itute ia on ofes th socienter fo l Qu of st qu t en er In llo tions ions a Pr tum tical ce tiona rtm et nal co es icat o is Quan e op the unda pa Qu pl of De Perimatio nal r ap rIAnns of d of th re, e fo fo the w of tern tio s tte th tio da ize he In da ty an e le d of r at llo so g fe the foun l Pr e cie teac ns an ey of e so ienz Il, he ofes re datio Pr visitin ittee r of th ann W sc rn te of este whe foun . cia is a mm be rm w ry so co em he rsity d on theo the or th is As ng. heding a m the ive A un cuse field d of d Ko stan and ded ll via is fo tum i), an arde . be hong the ysic s, awar ion. Pa at tivity quan (fQX as aw tions of r of Ph was at r ity be rm ac d te so in he w da , info ofes arch cs an stitu he foun memethods2010 tum t Pr rese hani ns In 2016 tum m In an an l In s tio an i). qu ca n. sist . hi mec es QX in As eory tum l Qu ciatio in qu e (f eory ch I is th tt ion th quan tiona Asso sear up da rInormat ation, un ures for re o Pe fo rm e fo ruct ol um In info of th m st n prize r m nt tu ua antu embe an uman Qu qu m of is a ional von ne he rnat hoffInte birk the

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introduction to

Quantum Mechanics se c on d edi t ion

2016 246 x 189 mm 532pp 344 b/w illus.  21 tables  202 exercises   978-1-107-12313-7 Hardback £44.99 / US$64.99 For all formats available, see

Quantum Mechanics

ating. Presents students with with few distractions and diversions.

introduction to

mechanics textbook now versity Press.

Contents: 1. Introduction; Part I. Theoretical Background: 2. Stress, strain, and isotropic elasticity; 3. Statistical thermodynamics; Part II. Point Defects: 4. Point defect mechanics; 5. Point defect thermodynamics; 6. Point defect equilibria; 7. Point defect kinetics; Part III. Dislocations: 8. Dislocation geometry; 9. Dislocation mechanics; 10. Dislocation interactions and applications; 11. Partial and extended dislocations; 12. Dislocation core structure; Part IV. Grain Boundaries: 13. Grain boundary geometry; 14. Grain boundary mechanics. MRS-Cambridge Materials Fundamentals

Griffiths

ntum mechanics, and then provides at it means. m theory presented, and special roblems. sic theory, and assembles an arsenal pplications.

atica.

Condensed matter physics, nanoscience and mesoscopic physics / Quantum physics, quantum information and quantum computation

www.cambridge.org/9781107123137

se c o n d e d i t io n

David J. Griffiths

A First Course in Quantum Theory and Diagrammatic Reasoning Bob Coecke

For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107176164

University of Oxford

and Aleks Kissinger Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen

Quantum phenomena are explained through the language of diagrams, setting out an innovative visual method of presenting complex scientific theories. Focusing on physical intuition over mathematical formalism, and packed with exercises, this unique book is accessible to students and researchers across scientific disciplines, from undergraduate to PhD level. 2017 247 x 174 mm 868pp 2435 b/w illus.  168 exercises   978-1-107-10422-8 Hardback c. £50.00 / c. US$85.00 Publication March 2017 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107104228

Quantum Information Theory Second edition Mark M. Wilde Louisiana State University

This new edition of Wilde’s popular book promises over 100 pages of new material, exercises and references. New attention is given to the derivation of the Choi–Kraus theorem for quantum channels, the CHSH game, quantum relative entropy, and sequential decoding. The text offers an ideal entry point into the topic for graduate students. Review of previous edition: ‘… [its] clear, thorough, and above all self-contained presentation will aid quantum information researchers in coming up to speed with the latest results in this area of the field. Meanwhile, the familiar setting and language will help classical information theorists who wish to become more acquainted with the quantum aspects of information processing … The presentation is

34389_Physics_prelims.indd 4

Publication January 2017

Quantum Theory from First Principles An Informational Approach Giacomo Mauro D’Ariano Università degli Studi di Pavia, Italy

Giulio Chiribella The University of Hong Kong

and Paolo Perinotti Università degli Studi di Pavia, Italy

Quantum theory, the soul of theoretical physics, is derived in this book from fundamental principles applicable to any physical system. Explaining how to master the principles, and offering a radically new viewpoint inspired by quantum information, this will be of interest to anyone seeking a deeper understanding of the theory. Advance praise: ‘An extraordinary book on the deep principles behind quantum theory.’ Nicolas Gisin, Université de Genève 2017 246 x 189 mm 400pp 20 b/w illus.   978-1-107-04342-8 Hardback £49.99 / US$74.99 Publication January 2017 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107043428

TEXTBOOK

Introduction to Quantum Mechanics Second edition David J. Griffiths Reed College, Oregon

This text first teaches students how to do quantum mechanics, and then provides them with a more insightful discussion of what it means. Fundamental principles are covered, quantum theory is presented, and

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Quantum physics, quantum information and quantum computation / Statistical physics special techniques are developed for attacking realistic problems. Contents: Part I. Theory: 1. The wave function; 2. Time-independent Schrödinger equation; 3. Formalism; 4. Quantum mechanics in three dimensions; 5. Identical particles; Part II. Applications: 6. Time-independent perturbation theory; 7. The variational principle; 8. The WKB approximation; 9. Timedependent perturbation theory; 10. The adiabatic approximation; 11. Scattering; 12. Afterword; Appendix. Linear algebra. 2016 234 x 177 mm 465pp 125 b/w illus.  14 tables   978-1-107-17986-8 Hardback £49.99 / US$84.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107179868

Quantum Nonlocality and Reality 50 Years of Bell’s Theorem Edited by Mary Bell and Shan Gao Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing

Combining twenty-six original essays written by distinguished physicists and philosophers of physics, this anthology reflects the latest thoughts of leading experts on the influence of Bell’s theorem, making it an invaluable volume for students and researchers interested in the philosophy of physics and in the foundations of quantum mechanics. 2016 247 x 174 mm 456pp 47 b/w illus.   978-1-107-10434-1 Hardback £99.99 / US$155.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107104341

Logic and Algebraic Structures in Quantum Computing Edited by Jennifer Chubb University of San Francisco

Ali Eskandarian

Uwe Franz Université de Franche-Comté

and Nicolas Privault Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

This monograph is a progressive introduction to non-commutativity in probability theory. Cambridge Tracts in Mathematics, 206

Swinburne University of Technology, Victoria

and Peter J. Daivis

Written by two specialists with over twenty-five years of experience, this book explains a wide range of topics within the growing field of nonequilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD). This coherent collection of theory, algorithms, and illustrative results will appeal to graduate students, as well as specialist and non-specialist practitioners.

In this international cross-disciplinary collaboration, leading experts explore connections across their respective fields. The book offers an insight into the fundamental questions in quantum theory and logic, which will appeal to many researchers and graduate students including logicians, mathematicians, computer scientists, and physicists. Lecture Notes in Logic, 45

2016 228 x 152 mm 356pp 130 b/w illus.  10 tables   978-1-107-03339-9 Hardback £89.99 / US$140.00

2017 253 x 177 mm 352pp 978-0-521-19009-1 Hardback £59.99 / US$94.99 Publication January 2017 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9780521190091

For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107033399

Statistical physics The Structure of Complex Networks Methods and Applications Vito Latora Queen Mary University of London

Vincenzo Nicosia Queen Mary University of London Università degli Studi di Catania, Italy

Including real-world data sets and ready-to-use software tools, this book encourages hands-on experimentation with complex network data. Students are guided through varying levels of complexity to gain a deep understanding of the basics and applications of network theory, making this an ideal university-level textbook for students across the scientific disciplines.

2016 228 x 152 mm 302pp 2 b/w illus.  27 exercises   978-1-107-12865-1 Hardback £79.99 / US$125.00

2017 246 x 189 mm 450pp 978-1-107-10318-4 Hardback c. £50.00 / c. US$85.00

For all formats available, see

For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107128651

Theory, Algorithms and Applications Billy D. Todd

and Valentina Harizanov

and Giovanni Russo

Probability on Real Lie Algebras

Nonequilibrium Molecular Dynamics

George Washington University, Washington DC George Washington University, Washington DC

5

Publication June 2017 www.cambridge.org/9781107103184

The Structure and Dynamics of Cities Urban Data Analysis and Theoretical Modeling Marc Barthelemy Centre Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique (CEA), Saclay

This book presents a modern, interdisciplinary perspective on cities and urban systems that combines new data with tools from statistical physics and urban economics. Analysis of mobility patterns and infrastructure networks, as well as spatial and social organization, provide a quantitative description of cities for scientists interested in modeling these complex systems. ‘Every so often along comes a book that attempts a grand synthesis. Marc Barthelemy has put together many ideas from statistical physics with theory in urban economics, fashioning an approach that demonstrates its essential logic and empirical relevance. A book that must be absorbed by urbanists of every persuasion and used to advance our science of cities.’ Michael Batty, University College London 2016 247 x 174 mm 294pp 112 b/w illus.  7 tables   978-1-107-10917-9 Hardback £54.99 / US$94.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107109179

Visit our website at www.cambridge.org/academic

34389_Physics_prelims.indd 5

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6

Statistical physics / Biological physics Multilayer Social Networks Mark E. Dickison Capital One, Virginia

Matteo Magnani Uppsala Universitet, Sweden

and Luca Rossi IT University of Copenhagen, Denmark

Multilayer networks are an emerging and active interdisciplinary area. This book unifies and consolidates existing practical and theoretical knowledge on the topic including data collection and analysis, modeling, and mining of multilayer social network systems, and the evolution of dynamic processes such as information spreading. 2016 228 x 152 mm 188pp 978-1-107-07949-6 Hardback £59.99 / US$94.99 978-1-107-43875-0 Paperback £24.99 / US$39.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107079496

TEXTBOOK

Network Science Albert-László Barabási Northeastern University, Boston

with Márton Pósfai

Illustrated throughout in full colour, this pioneering textbook, spanning a wide range of disciplines from physics to the social sciences, is the only book needed for an introduction to network science. In modular format, with clear delineation between undergraduate and graduate material, its unique design is supported by extensive online resources. Contents: Preface; Personal introduction; 1. Introduction; 2. Graph theory; 3. Random networks; 4. The scale-free property; 5. The Barabási–Albert model; 6. Evolving networks; 7. Degree correlation; 8. Network robustness; 9. Communities; 10. Spreading phenomena; Index. 2016 246 x 189 mm 474pp 371 colour illus.  12 tables  30 exercises   978-1-107-07626-6 Hardback £34.99 / US$59.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107076266

34389_Physics_prelims.indd 6

Biological physics TEXTBOOK

Methods in Molecular Biophysics Structure, Dynamics, Function Second edition Nathan R. Zaccai

techniques; 32. Structure and dynamics studies; Part XI. Medical Imaging: 33. Radiology and positron emission tomography; 34. Ultrasound imaging; 35. Magnetic resonance imaging; References; Index of eminent scientists; Subject index. 2017 276 x 219 mm 675pp 825 b/w illus.   978-1-107-05637-4 Hardback c. £60.00 / c. US$99.00 Publication March 2017 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107056374

University of Cambridge

Joseph Zaccai Institut Laue-Langevin

The Physics of Cancer

and Igor N. Serdyuk

Caterina La Porta

Formerly of the Institute of Protein Research, Pushchino, Moscow Region

Università degli Studi di Milano

and Stefano Zapperi

Reflecting the significant developments of the past decade, this textbook explains key physical methods in modern biology. Each method is illustrated through real-world examples, alongside background information designed for both physicists and biologists, making this an ideal resource for students in biophysics at science and medical schools.

Università degli Studi di Milano

Contents: Foreword to the first edition; Foreword to the first edition; Preface; Introduction; Part I. Biological Macromolecules and Physical Tools: 1. Macromolecules in their environment; 2. Macromolecules as physical particles; 3. Understanding macromolecular structures; Part II. Mass Spectrometry: 4. Mass and charge; 5. Structure function studies; Part III. Thermodynamics: 6. Thermodynamic stability and interactions; 7. Differential scanning calorimetry; 8. Isothermal titration calorimetry; 9. Surface plasmon resonance and interferometrybased biosensors; Part IV. Hydrodynamics: 10. Biological macromolecules as hydrodynamic particles; 11. Analytical ultracentrifugation; 12. Fluorescence depolarization; 13. Dynamic light scattering and fluorescence correlation spectroscopy; Part V. Optical Spectroscopy: 14. Visible and IR absorption spectroscopy; 15. Twodimensional IR spectroscopy; 16. Raman scattering spectroscopy; 17. Optical activity and circular dichroïsm; Part VI. Optical Microscopy: 18. Light microscopy; 19. Single molecule manipulation and atomic force microscopy; 20. Fluorescence microscopy; 21. Single-molecule detection; 22. Singlemolecule manipulation; Part VII. X-Ray and Neutron Diffraction: 23. The macromolecule as a radiation scattering particle; 24. Smallangle scattering and reflectometry; 25. X-ray and neutron macromolecular crystallography; Part VIII. Electron Diffraction: 26. Electron microscopy; 27. Three-dimensional reconstruction from two-dimensional images; Part IX. Molecular Dynamics: 28. Energy and time calculations; 29. Neutron spectroscopy; Part X. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance: 30. Distances and angles from frequencies; 31. Experimental

An introduction to the emerging field of cancer physics, integrating cancer biology with approaches from theoretical and applied physics. 2017 247 x 174 mm 160pp 78 b/w illus.  1 table   978-1-107-10959-9 Hardback c. £45.00 / c. US$64.99 Publication February 2017 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107109599

The Emergence of Life From Chemical Origins to Synthetic Biology Second edition Pier Luigi Luisi Università degli Studi Roma Tre

Addressing the origins of biological and synthetic life from a systems biology perspective, this new edition has undergone an extensive revision and includes greater coverage of synthetic biology. Unique to this edition are discussions with contemporaries in the field, demonstrating an evolution of thought on the question ‘what is life?’. 2016 247 x 174 mm 478pp 166 b/w illus.  12 tables   978-1-107-09239-6 Hardback £44.99 / US$74.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107092396

HIGHLIGHT

The Origin and Nature of Life on Earth The Emergence of the Fourth Geosphere Eric Smith Tokyo Institute of Technology

and Harold J. Morowitz George Mason University, Virginia

Uniting the conceptual foundations of the physical sciences and biology, this groundbreaking multidisciplinary book explores the origin of life as a planetary

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Biological physics / Optics, optoelectronics and photonics process. For researchers, professionals entering the field or specialists looking for a coherent overview, this text brings together geochemistry, biochemistry, microbiology and physics, and includes an extensive bibliography. ‘… the most significant book on the origin of life hitherto written.’ Walter Fontana, Harvard University, Massachusetts

DNA motifs into larger multi-component constructs; 8. DNA nanomechanics devices; 9. DNA origami and DNA bricks; 10. Combining structure and motion; 11. Self-replicating systems; 12. Computing with DNA; 13. Not just plain vanilla DNA nanotechnology: other pairings, other backbones; 14. DNA nanotechnology organising other materials. PROSE Award for Biological Science 2016 – Winner

2016 247 x 174 mm 691pp 64 colour illus.  4 maps  5 tables   978-1-107-12188-1 Hardback £29.99 / US$49.99

2016 228 x 152 mm 266pp 208 colour illus.  1 table   978-0-521-76448-3 Hardback £39.99 / US$64.99

For all formats available, see

For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107121881

Brownian Ratchets From Statistical Physics to Bio and Nano-motors David Cubero Universidad de Sevilla

and Ferruccio Renzoni University College London

This book illustrates the development of Brownian ratchets, from their foundations to their role in molecularscale life and in artificial nanomachinery. 2016 247 x 174 mm 200pp 68 b/w illus.   978-1-107-06352-5 Hardback £89.99 / US$140.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107063525

TEXTBOOK

Structural DNA Nanotechnology Nadrian C. Seeman New York University

Written by the founder of the field, this is a comprehensive and accessible introduction to structural DNA nanotechnology. ‘The first of its kind, it will undoubtedly become the Bible for DNA self-assembly and nanoscale 3D printing. The visionary father of the field of structural DNA nanotechnology, Nadrian C. Seeman, lays out its principles lucidly and with superb graphics to match. For anyone curious about synthetic DNA technologies or in connecting these principles with current research, this is a must-have-must-read.’ Yamuna Krishnan, University of Chicago

www.cambridge.org/9780521764483

7

Optics, optoelectronics and photonics Synchrotron Radiation and Free-Electron Lasers Principles of Coherent X-Ray Generation Kwang-Je Kim Argonne National Laboratory, Illinois

Zhirong Huang SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, California

and Ryan Lindberg

Medical and Biological Microwave Sensors and Systems Edited by Isar Mostafanezhad University of Hawaii, Manoa

Olga Boric-Lubecke University of Hawaii, Manoa

and Jenshan Lin University of Florida

A comprehensive overview of recent advances in state-of-the-art medical and biological microwave sensors and systems. The book covers theory, design, and implementation, as well as details of experimental results, and is ideal for researchers and industry practitioners in the fields of electrical engineering, biomedical engineering, and medical physics. The Cambridge RF and Microwave Engineering Series

Argonne National Laboratory, Illinois

Understand the core principles of high-brightness X-ray generation from both synchrotron and free-electron laser sources with this authoritative guide. Including the most recent theoretical developments and experimental results, it is a comprehensive resource for students and researchers interested in high-brightness X-ray physics and technology. 2017 247 x 174 mm 350pp 100 b/w illus.  2 tables   978-1-107-16261-7 Hardback c. £60.00 / c. US$110.00 Publication February 2017 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107162617

Semiconductor Nanolasers

2017 247 x 174 mm 292pp 205 b/w illus.  19 tables   978-1-107-05660-2 Hardback c. £75.00 / c. US$120.00

Qing Gu

Publication March 2017

The first of its kind, this comprehensive resource explains the fundamental physics of semiconductor nanolasers along with details of their design, fabrication, and applications. This is essential reading for graduate students, researchers, and professionals in optoelectronics, applied photonics, physics, and materials science.

For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107056602

University of Texas, Dallas

and Yeshaiahu Fainman University of California, San Diego

2017 247 x 174 mm 436pp 194 b/w illus.  14 tables   978-1-107-11048-9 Hardback £99.99 / US$155.00 Publication February 2017 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107110489

Contents: 1. The origin of structural DNA nanotechnology; 2. The design of DNA sequences for branched systems; 3. Motif design based on reciprocal exchange; 4. Single-stranded DNA topology and motif design; 5. Experimental techniques; 6. A short historical interlude: the search for robust DNA motifs; 7. Combining

eBooks available at www.cambridge.org/ebookstore

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8

Optics, optoelectronics and photonics TEXTBOOK

X-Rays and Extreme Ultraviolet Radiation Principles and Applications Second edition David Attwood University of California, Berkeley

and Anne Sakdinawat SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, California

Master the physics and understand the current applications of modern X-ray and EUV sources with this comprehensive yet mathematically accessible guide. This second edition includes entirely new material on free electron lasers, laser high harmonic generation, X-ray and EUV optics, nanoscale imaging, and femtosecond and attosecond techniques. Advance praise: ‘A very clear, comprehensive and updated presentation of the basic physical properties and applications of XUV and X-ray radiation. I highly recommend the book for graduate students and anyone working in this fast growing field of research.’ Claudio Pellegrini, University of California, Los Angeles, SLAC

Contents: 1. Introduction; 2. Radiation and scattering at EUV and X-ray wavelengths; 3. Wave propagation and refractive index at X-ray and EUV wavelengths; 4. Coherence at short wavelengths; 5. Synchrotron radiation; 6. X-ray and EUV free electron lasers; 7. Laser high harmonic generation; 8. Physics of hot dense plasmas; 9. Extreme ultraviolet and soft X-ray lasers; 10. X-ray and extreme ultraviolet optics; 11. X-ray and EUV imaging.

Contents: Preface; Partial list of symbols; 1. Basic concepts of optical fields; 2. Optical properties of materials; 3. Optical wave propagation; 4. Optical coupling; 5. Optical interference; 6. Optical resonance; 7. Optical absorption and emission; 8. Optical amplification; 9. Laser oscillation; 10. Optical modulation; 11. Photodetection; Appendix A: symbols and notations; Appendix B: SI metric system; Appendix C: fundamental physical constants; Appendix D: Fourier-transform relations; Index. 2016 246 x 189 mm 444pp 117 b/w illus.   978-1-107-16428-4 Hardback £59.99 / US$99.99 For all formats available, see

Optical Tweezers Principles and Applications Philip H. Jones University College London

Onofrio M. Maragò Istituto per i Processi Chimico-Fisici, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR-IPCF), Italy

and Giovanni Volpe Bilkent University, Ankara

A comprehensive guide to the theory, practice and applications of optical tweezers, combining state-of-the-art research with a strong pedagogic approach. 2015 246 x 189 mm 561pp 194 b/w illus.  18 tables   978-1-107-05116-4 Hardback £49.99 / US$84.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107051164

HIGHLIGHT

The Wonders of Light

Publication December 2016

Institut de Ciències Fotòniques (ICFO), Barcelona

www.cambridge.org/9781107062894

TEXTBOOK

Principles of Photonics Jia-Ming Liu University of California, Los Angeles

A comprehensive introduction to the fundamental concepts and major principles of photonics. Including numerous examples and exercises, this text is ideal for undergraduates in electrical engineering and physics taking single-semester courses in photonics. It is also an essential reference for students in other engineering disciplines,

Nonlinear Optical Systems Luigi Lugiato Università degli Studi dell’Insubria, Italy

Franco Prati Università degli Studi dell’Insubria, Italy

and Massimo Brambilla Università degli Studi e Politecnico di Bari, Italy

An in-depth exploration of the dynamics of lasers and other relevant optical systems for graduate students and researchers. 2015 246 x 189 mm 464pp 169 b/w illus.   978-1-107-06267-2 Hardback £57.00 / US$85.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107062672

www.cambridge.org/9781107164284

2016 247 x 174 mm 594pp 278 colour illus.  8 tables   978-1-107-06289-4 Hardback £54.99 / US$69.99 For all formats available, see

34389_Physics_prelims.indd 8

and for professionals who wish to gain a strong foundation in the area.

Marta García-Matos and Lluís Torner Institut de Ciències Fotòniques (ICFO), Barcelona

Discover the spectacular power of light with this stunning celebration of the ways in which light-based technology has shaped society. 2015 243 x 186 mm 142pp 30 b/w illus.  50 colour illus.   978-1-107-47741-4 Paperback £19.99 / US$30.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107477414

Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy Edited by Frances M. Ross IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, New York

The first book on the topic and written by pioneers in the field, this is essential reading for researchers and practitioners. It covers the fundamental theory, applications, and future developments of liquid cell electron microscopy, describing techniques in detail and providing practical examples from a wide range of scientific disciplines. Advances in Microscopy and Microanalysis

2016 247 x 174 mm 468pp 81 b/w illus.  166 colour illus.   978-1-107-11657-3 Hardback £110.00 / US$175.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107116573

Nonlinear Optical Polarization Analysis in Chemistry and Biology Garth J. Simpson Purdue University, Indiana

The first book on nonlinear optics specifically for biological, chemical and materials research communities. This thorough yet accessible guide presents a systematic molecular-based description of nonlinear optical polarization analysis of chemical and biological assemblies, covering common measurements and providing a rigorous mathematical framework for their interpretation. Cambridge Molecular Science

2017 247 x 174 mm 520pp 82 b/w illus.   978-0-521-51908-3 Hardback £110.00 / US$175.00 Publication January 2017 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9780521519083

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Optics, optoelectronics and photonics / Atomic physics, molecular physics and chemical physics Fundamentals of Sum-Frequency Spectroscopy Y. R. Shen University of California, Berkeley

The first book on the topic, providing a comprehensive account of sumfrequency spectroscopy including basic principles, applications, and future prospects. Cambridge Molecular Science

2016 247 x 174 mm 329pp 136 b/w illus.   978-1-107-09884-8 Hardback £89.99 / US$140.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107098848

Practical Optical Interferometry Imaging at Visible and Infrared Wavelengths David F. Buscher University of Cambridge

A practically focused guide to optical interferometry, bringing together core concepts needed to plan observations, analyse data and reconstruct images. Cambridge Observing Handbooks for Research Astronomers, 11

2015 228 x 152 mm 286pp 155 b/w illus.  2 tables   978-1-107-04217-9 Hardback £40.99 / US$67.00 For all formats available, see

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Quantitative Biomedical Optics Theory, Methods, and Applications Irving J. Bigio Boston University

and Sergio Fantini Tufts University, Massachusetts

Based on physical science principles, Quantitative Biomedical Optics covers theory, instrumentation, methods and applications, with practical exercises and problem sets. ‘Bigio and Fantini provide a longneeded introduction to the field of biomedical optics and biophotonics, adding spice to the presentation of the basics with historical and etymological gems. The conversational tone of the book is very welcome, and allows room for the clear explanation of subtleties not always clarified in other discussions. The book is a wonderful introduction to the field. It balances rigor with readability. Bravo!’ Steven L. Jacques, Oregon Health Sciences University

Contents: 1. Nomenclature; 2. Overview of tissue optical properties; 3. Introduction to biomedical statistics for diagnostic applications; 4. General concepts of tissue spectroscopy and instrumentation; 5. Autofluorescence spectroscopy and reporter fluorescence; 6. Raman and infrared spectroscopy of vibrational modes; 7. Elastic and quasi-elastic scattering from cells and small structures; 8. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy at small source-detector separations; 9. Transport theory and the diffusion equation; 10. Continuous-wave methods for tissue spectroscopy; 11. Timedomain methods for tissue spectroscopy in the diffusion regime; 12. Frequencydomain methods for tissue spectroscopy in the diffusion regime; 13. Instrumentation and experimental methods for diffuse tissue spectroscopy; 14. Diffuse optical imaging and tomography; 15. In vivo applications of diffuse optical spectroscopy and imaging; 16. Combining light and ultrasound: acousto-optics and optoacoustics; 17. Modern optical microscopy for biomedical applications; 18. Optical coherence tomography; 19. Optical tweezers and laser-tissue interactions. Cambridge Texts in Biomedical Engineering

2016 246 x 189 mm 698pp 212 b/w illus.  8 tables   978-0-521-87656-8 Hardback £54.99 / US$99.99 For all formats available, see

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Atomic physics, molecular physics and chemical physics TEXTBOOK

Atoms and Molecules Interacting with Light Atomic Physics for the Laser Era Peter van der Straten Universiteit Utrecht, The Netherlands

and Harold Metcalf State University of New York, Stony Brook

Focusing on atom-light interactions and containing numerous exercises, this in-depth textbook prepares students for research in a fast-growing field. ‘Two experienced pedagogues and researchers on laser cooling and trapping and quantum hydrodynamics have written a rigorous textbook for advanced undergraduates and graduate students. The work provides a comprehensive description of the fundamentals and of the awe-inspiring recent advances in atomic and molecular physics, such as the theory and the experimental

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techniques of Bose–Einstein condensation, laser cooling, and optical lattices. The authors point out common misconceptions in atomic physics, e.g. about ‘virtual states’, resonances, and the vector potential. Each chapter is augmented with supplementary materials and exercises which assess comprehension and further the understanding of the content. … Detailed tables and plots of experimental data permit the numerical calculation of physical parameters. The exact quantum mechanical solutions to a few physical problems are derived as well as the various useful approximations for atoms and molecules, and their limitations are clearly explained.’ Barry R. Masters, Optics and Photonics News

Contents: Part I. Atom-Light Interaction: 1. The classical physics pathway; Appendix 1A. Damping force on an accelerating charge; Appendix 1B. Hanle effect; Appendix 1C. Optical tweezers; 2. Interaction of twolevel atoms and light; Appendix 2A. Pauli matrices for motion of the bloch vector; Appendix 2B. The Ramsey method; Appendix 2C. Echoes and interferometry; Appendix 2D. Adiabatic rapid passage; Appendix 2E Superposition and entanglement; 3. The atom-light interaction; Appendix 3A. Proof of the oscillator strength theorem; Appendix 3B. Electromagnetic fields; Appendix 3C. The dipole approximation; Appendix 3D. Time resolved fluorescence from multi-level atoms; 4. ‘Forbidden’ transitions; Appendix 4A. Higher order approximations; 5. Spontaneous emission; Appendix 5A. The quantum mechanical harmonic oscillator; Appendix 5B. Field quantization; Appendix 5C. Alternative theories to QED; 6. The density matrix; Appendix 6A. The Liouville–von Neumann equation; Part II. Internal Structure: 7. The hydrogen atom; Appendix 7A. Center-ofmass motion; Appendix 7B. Coordinate systems; Appendix 7C. Commuting operators; Appendix 7D. Matrix elements of the radial wavefunctions; 8. Fine structure; Appendix 8A. The Sommerfeld fine-structure constant; Appendix 8B. Measurements of the fine structure 9. Effects of the nucleus; Appendix 9A. Interacting magnetic dipoles; Appendix 9B. Hyperfine structure for two spin =2 particles; Appendix 9C. The hydrogen maser; 10. The alkali-metal atoms; Appendix 10A. Quantum defects for the alkalis; Appendix 10B. Numerov method; 11. Atoms in magnetic fields; Appendix 11A. The ground state of atomic hydrogen; Appendix 11B. Positronium; Appendix 11C. The non-crossing theorem; Appendix 11D. Passage through an anticrossing: Landau–Zener transitions; 12. Atoms in electric fields; 13. Rydberg atoms; 14. The helium atom; Appendix 14A. Variational calculations; Appendix 14B. Detail on the variational calculations of the ground state; 15. The periodic system of the elements; Appendix 15A. Paramagnetism; Appendix 15B. The color of gold; 16. Molecules;

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Atomic physics, molecular physics and chemical physics / Theoretical physics and mathematical physics Appendix 16A. Morse potential; 17. Binding in the hydrogen molecule; Appendix 17A. Confocal elliptical coordinates; Appendix 17B. One-electron two-center integrals; Appendix 17C. Electron-electron interaction in molecular hydrogen; 18. Ultra-cold chemistry; Part III. Applications: 19. Optical forces and laser cooling; 20. Confinement of neutral atoms; 21. Bose–Einstein condensation; Appendix 21A. Distribution functions; Appendix 21B. Density of states; 22. Cold molecules; 23. Three level systems; Appendix 23A. General case for _1 , _2; 24. Fundamental physics; Part IV. Appendices: Appendix A. Notation and definitions; Appendix B. Units and notation; Appendix C. Angular momentum in quantum mechanics; Appendix D. Transition strengths; References; Index. 2016 247 x 174 mm 527pp 160 b/w illus.  31 tables   978-1-107-09014-9 Hardback £39.99 / US$69.99 For all formats available, see

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Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy Basic Concepts and Applications Rita Kakkar University of Delhi

The book offers detailed coverage of the basic concepts and applications of spectroscopy. 2015 244 x 170 mm 434pp 978-1-107-06388-4 Hardback £45.99 / US$77.00 For all formats available, see

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scientific fields with an interest in recent developments in complex systems. 2016 247 x 174 mm 378pp 44 b/w illus.   978-1-107-12410-3 Hardback £99.99 / US$155.00 Publication December 2016 www.cambridge.org/9781107124103

An Introduction to Vectors, Vector Operators and Vector Analysis Pramod S. Joag Savitribi Phule University of Pune, India

This book covers the fundamental topics and tools involved in conceptualizing vectors and their applications in the fields of engineering and sciences in a lucid manner. The text includes important topics such as transformation groups, groups of isometries and the Euler group, with applications to rigid displacements. 2016 244 x 170 mm 544pp 978-1-107-15443-8 Hardback £54.99 / US$94.99 For all formats available, see

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Grassmannian Geometry of Scattering Amplitudes Nima Arkani-Hamed Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey

Jacob Bourjaily

Theoretical physics and mathematical physics

Freddy Cachazo

Advances in Disordered Systems, Random Processes and Some Applications

An essential resource examining the ongoing revolution in our understanding of perturbative quantum field theory and its connection to Grassmannian geometry. This book outlines the foundations of this important new formulation, with a self-contained and authoritative analysis of its application to planar maximally supersymmetric Yang–Mills theory.

Università di Bologna

and Cristian Giardinà Università degli Studi di Modena, Italy

This book offers a unified perspective on the study of complex systems with contributions written by leading scientists from various disciplines, including mathematics, physics, computer science, biology, economics and social science. It is written for researchers from a broad range of

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For all formats available, see

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For all formats available, see

University of Copenhagen

Edited by Pierluigi Contucci

2016 247 x 174 mm 201pp 192 b/w illus.  8 tables   978-1-107-08658-6 Hardback £49.99 / US$79.99

Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, Ontario

Alexander Goncharov Yale University, Connecticut

Alexander Postnikov Massachusetts Institute of Technology

and Jaroslav Trnka California Institute of Technology

TEXTBOOK

3264 and All That A Second Course in Algebraic Geometry David Eisenbud University of California, Berkeley

and Joe Harris Harvard University, Massachusetts

This book can form the basis of a second course in algebraic geometry. As motivation, it takes concrete questions from enumerative geometry and intersection theory, and provides intuition and technique so that the student develops the ability to solve geometric problems. It also contains abundant examples, exercises and solutions. Contents: Introduction; 1. Introducing the Chow ring; 2. First examples; 3. Introduction to Grassmannians and lines in P3; 4. Grassmannians in general; 5. Chern classes; 6. Lines on hypersurfaces; 7. Singular elements of linear series; 8. Compactifying parameter spaces; 9. Projective bundles and their Chow rings; 10. Segre classes and varieties of linear spaces; 11. Contact problems; 12. Porteous’ formula; 13. Excess intersections and the Chow ring of a blow-up; 14. The Grothendieck–Riemann–Roch theorem; Appendix A. The moving lemma; Appendix B. Direct images, cohomology and base change; Appendix C. Topology of algebraic varieties; Appendix D. Maps from curves to projective space; References; Index. 2016 253 x 177 mm 603pp 80 b/w illus.  360 exercises   978-1-107-01708-5 Hardback £74.99 / US$125.00 978-1-107-60272-4 Paperback £29.99 / US$49.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107017085

‘This book describes the interesting mathematical structures behind scattering amplitudes, which have led to important simplifications for explicit computations. A must-read for people interested in this active and fast-moving field.’ Juan Maldacena, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton

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Theoretical physics and mathematical physics Instantons and Large N An Introduction to NonPerturbative Methods in Quantum Field Theory Marcos Mariño Université de Genève

A highly pedagogical textbook for graduate students, exploring advanced topics of quantum field theory with detailed derivations and worked examples. 2015 247 x 174 mm 376pp 67 b/w illus.  5 tables   978-1-107-06852-0 Hardback £62.00 / US$98.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107068520

Introduction to the AdS/CFT Correspondence Horaţiu Năstase Instituto de Física Teórica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, São Paulo

A pedagogical and self-contained introduction to AdS/CFT correspondence aimed at graduate students and researchers across theoretical physics. 2015 246 x 189 mm 453pp 43 b/w illus.   978-1-107-08585-5 Hardback £45.99 / US$79.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107085855

Scattering Amplitudes in Gauge Theory and Gravity Henriette Elvang University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

and Yu-tin Huang National Taiwan University

This book provides a comprehensive, pedagogical introduction to scattering amplitudes in gauge theory and gravity for graduate students. 2015 246 x 189 mm 323pp 137 b/w illus.  153 exercises   978-1-107-06925-1 Hardback £40.99 / US$67.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107069251

Supersymmetric Field Theories Geometric Structures and Dualities Sergio Cecotti Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati, Trieste

Adopting an elegant geometrical approach, this advanced pedagogical text describes intuitive methods for understanding the subtle logic of supersymmetry. 2015 247 x 174 mm 424pp 978-1-107-05381-6 Hardback £67.00 / US$102.00 For all formats available, see

Lectures on Quantum Mechanics Second edition Steven Weinberg University of Texas, Austin

Nobel Laureate Steven Weinberg demonstrates exceptional insight in this fully updated concise introduction to modern quantum mechanics for graduate students. 2015 247 x 174 mm 480pp 2 tables   978-1-107-11166-0 Hardback £33.99 / US$51.00 For all formats available, see

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Gauge/Gravity Duality Foundations and Applications Martin Ammon

www.cambridge.org/9781107053816

Mechanics, Waves and Thermodynamics An Example-based Approach Sudhir Ranjan Jain Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, India

This book discusses fundamental concepts of mechanics, waves and thermodynamics in a single volume. To ingrain and instill the concepts, problems from common parlance are framed and solved. Cambridge IISc Series

2016 244 x 170 mm 216pp 978-1-107-14519-1 Hardback £49.99 / US$69.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107145191

Friedrich-Schiller-Universität, Jena, Germany

and Johanna Erdmenger Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, Munich

The first textbook on this important topic, for graduate students and researchers in particle and condensed matter physics. 2015 246 x 189 mm 548pp 72 b/w illus.  156 exercises   978-1-107-01034-5 Hardback £51.00 / US$82.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107010345

Supersymmetry, Supergravity, and Unification Pran Nath Northeastern University, Boston

This book gives a pedagogical exposition of particle physics from Einstein’s theory of gravitation to supergravity unification. It offers a broad overview of the interdisciplinary nature of fundamental

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physics and is intended for graduate students and researchers working in the field of high energy theory. Advance praise: ‘It is a comprehensive review of the subject for advanced graduate students. The book provides a broad overview of the field with detailed background information on group theory, field theory and notation. It covers everything from the Standard Model to supersymmetry, grand unification, supergravity and cosmology, including detailed phenomenological calculations and problems. It also introduces the extension of these theories to extra dimensions and string theory. It should be a useful tool for every student who wishes to learn this material.’ Stuart Raby, Ohio State University, Columbus Cambridge Monographs on Mathematical Physics

2016 247 x 174 mm 560pp 21 b/w illus.  6 tables   978-0-521-19702-1 Hardback £64.99 / US$94.99 For all formats available, see

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Gravity and Strings Second edition Tomás Ortín Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

Self-contained and comprehensive, this definitive new edition provides a complete overview of the intersection of gravity, supergravity, and superstrings. Cambridge Monographs on Mathematical Physics

2015 247 x 174 mm 1048pp 43 b/w illus.   978-0-521-76813-9 Hardback £93.00 / US$155.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9780521768139

TEXTBOOK

Foundations of Ergodic Theory Marcelo Viana Instituto Nacional de Matemática Pura e Aplicada (IMPA), Rio de Janeiro

and Krerley Oliveira Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Brazil

Self-contained introductory textbook suitable for a variety of one- or twosemester courses. Rich with examples, applications and exercises. Contents: Preface; 1. Recurrence; 2. Existence of invariant measures; 3. Ergodic theorems; 4. Ergodicity; 5. Ergodic decomposition; 6. Unique ergodicity; 7. Correlations; 8. Equivalent systems; 9. Entropy; 10. Variational

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Theoretical physics and mathematical physics / Particle physics and nuclear physics principle; 11. Expanding maps; 12. Thermodynamical formalism; Appendix. Topics of measure theory, topology and analysis; Hints or solutions for selected exercises; References; Index. Cambridge Studies in Advanced Mathematics, 151

2016 228 x 152 mm 545pp 35 b/w illus.  410 exercises   978-1-107-12696-1 Hardback £79.99 / US$120.00 For all formats available, see

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Particle physics and nuclear physics TEXTBOOK

Foundations of Nuclear and Particle Physics T. W. Donnelly Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Representations of the Infinite Symmetric Group Alexei Borodin Massachusetts Institute of Technology

and Grigori Olshanski Institute for Information Transmission Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences

Representation theory of big groups is an important and quickly developing part of modern mathematics, giving rise to a variety of important applications in probability and mathematical physics. Offering a concise and self-contained exposition accessible to a wide audience, this book is a much-needed introduction to the basic concepts. Cambridge Studies in Advanced Mathematics, 160

2016 228 x 152 mm 168pp 2 b/w illus.  80 exercises   978-1-107-17555-6 Hardback £44.99 / US$64.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107175556

Factorization Algebras in Quantum Field Theory Volume 1 Kevin Costello Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, Waterloo, Ontario

and Owen Gwilliam Max-Planck-Institut für Mathematik, Bonn

Ideal for researchers and graduates in mathematics and physics, this volume develops factorization algebras while highlighting examples exhibiting their use in field theory, such as the recovery of a vertex algebra from a chiral conformal field theory. This first volume also includes expositions of the relevant background in homological algebra, sheaves and functional analysis. New Mathematical Monographs, 31

2016 228 x 152 mm 394pp 978-1-107-16310-2 Hardback £89.99 / US$140.00

J. A. Formaggio Massachusetts Institute of Technology

B. R. Holstein University of Massachusetts, Amherst

R. G. Milner Massachusetts Institute of Technology

and B. Surrow Temple University, Philadelphia

This textbook for graduates and advanced undergraduates provides up-to-date coverage of nuclear and particle physics, bringing together the fields and the interplay between them. Balancing theoretical and experimental perspectives and supported by exercises and online resources, the book provides students with a deep understanding of the subject. Contents: 1. Introduction; 2. Symmetries; 3. Building hadrons from quarks; 4. The standard model; 5. QCD and confinement; 6. Chiral symmetry and QCD; 7. Introduction to lepton scattering; 8. Elastic electron scattering from the nucleon; 9. Hadron structure via lepton-nucleon scattering; 10. High-energy QCD; 11. The nucleonnucleon interaction; 12. The structure and properties of few-body nuclei; 13. Overview of many-body nuclei; 14. Models of manybody nuclei; 15. Electron scattering from discrete states; 16. Electroexcitation of highlying excitations of the nucleus; 17. Beta decay; 18. Neutrino physics; 19. The physics of relativistic heavy-ions; 20. Astrophysics; 21. Beyond the standard model physics; Appendix A. Useful information; Appendix B. Quantum theory. 2017 246 x 189 mm 650pp 978-0-521-76511-4 Hardback c. £45.00 / c. US$85.00 Publication January 2017 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9780521765114

TEXTBOOK

Modern Elementary Particle Physics Explaining and Extending the Standard Model Second edition Gordon Kane University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

This book provides a strong pedagogical foundation for students and general readers, and a valuable synthesis of cutting-edge research for working scientists. This new edition is expanded to make accessible the latest developments including Higgs physics, and several well-motivated extensions are described so the reader is ready for new developments. Contents: 1. Introduction; 2. Relativistic notation, Lagrangians, and interactions; 3. Gauge invariance; 4. Non-abelian gauge theories; 5. Dirac notation for spin; 6. The Standard Model Lagrangian; 7. The electroweak theory and quantum chromodynamics; 8. Masses and the Higgs mechanism; 9. Cross sections, decay widths, and lifetimes: W and Z decays; 10. Production and properties of W± and Zº; 11. measurement of electroweak and QCD parameters: the muon lifetime; 12. Accelerators – present and future; 13. Experiments and detectors; 14. Low energy and non-accelerator experiments; 15. Observation of the Higgs boson at the CERN LHC: is it the Higgs boson?; 16. Colliders and tests of the Standard Model: particles are pointlike; 17. Quarks and gluons, confinement and jets; 18. Hadrons, heavy quarks, and strong isospin invariance; 19. Coupling strengths depend on momentum transfer and on virtual particles; 20. Quark (and lepton) mixing angles; 21. C P violation; 22. Overview of physics beyond the Standard Model; 23. Grand unification; 24. Neutrino masses; 25. Dark matter; 26. Supersymmetry. 2017 246 x 189 mm 400pp 50 b/w illus.   978-1-107-16508-3 Hardback c. £44.99 / c. US$79.99 Publication January 2017 For all formats available, see

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Principles of Magnetostatics Richard C. Fernow

Magnetostatics describes the forces and fields that result from the steady flow of electrical currents. Beginning with basic concepts, before building up the theory that can be used to design magnets for experiments and practical devices, this is

Publication December 2016 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107163102

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Particle physics and nuclear physics / Cosmology, relativity and gravitation a key reference for physics and electrical engineering undergraduates. 2016 254 x 178 mm 314pp 130 b/w illus.  12 tables   978-1-107-16112-2 Hardback £89.99 / US$140.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107161122

TEXTBOOK

Supersymmetry and String Theory Beyond the Standard Model Second edition Michael Dine University of California, Santa Cruz

This fully updated second edition provides a thorough overview of string theory and supersymmetry and includes the groundbreaking Higgs discovery. Contents: Preface to the first edition; Preface to the second edition; A note on choice of metric; Text website; Part I. Effective Field Theory: The Standard Model, Supersymmetry, Unification: 1. Before the Standard Model; 2. The Standard Model; 3. Phenomenology of the Standard Model; 4. The Standard Model as an effective field theory; 5. Anomalies, instantons and the strong CP problem; 6. Grand unification; 7. Magnetic monopoles and solitons; 8. Technicolor: a first attempt to explain hierarchies; Part II. Supersymmetry: 9. Supersymmetry; 10. A first look at supersymmetry breaking; 11. The Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model; 12. Supersymmetric grand unification; 13. Supersymmetric dynamics; 14. Dynamical supersymmetry breaking; 15. Theories with more than four conserved supercharges; 16. More supersymmetric dynamics; 17. An introduction to general relativity; 18. Cosmology; 19. Astroparticle physics and inflation; Part III. String Theory: 20. Introduction; 21. The bosonic string; 22. The superstring; 23. The heterotic string; 24. Effective actions in ten dimensions; 25. Compactification of string theory I. Tori and orbifolds; 26. Compactification of string theory II. Calabi–Yau compactifications; 27. Dynamics of string theory at weak coupling; 28. Beyond weak coupling: non-perturbative string theory; 29. Large and warped extra dimensions; 30. The landscape: a challenge to the naturalness principle; 31. Coda: where are we headed?; Part IV. The Appendices: Appendix A. Twocomponent spinors; Appendix B. Goldstone’s theorem and the pi mesons; Appendix C. Some practice with the path integral in field theory; Appendix D. The beta function in supersymmetric Yang–Mills theory; References; Index. 2016 247 x 174 mm 608pp 53 b/w illus.  2 tables  105 exercises   978-1-107-04838-6 Hardback £49.99 / US$94.99

TEXTBOOK

Advanced Concepts in Particle and Field Theory Tristan Hübsch Howard University, Washington DC

An expansive and conceptually unifying textbook of fundamental and theoretical physics, describing elementary particles and their interactions. Contents: Part I. Preliminaries: 1. The nature of observing nature; 2. Fundamental physics: elementary particles and processes; Part II. The Standard Model: 3. Physics in spacetime; 4. The quark model: combinatorics and groups; 5. Gauge symmetries and interactions; 6. Nonabelian gauge symmetries and interactions; 7. The standard model; Part III. Beyond the Standard Model: 8. Unification: the fabric of understanding nature; 9. Gravity and the geometrization of physics; 10. Supersymmetry: boson-fermion unification; 11. Strings: unification of all foundations of reality; Part IV. Appendices: A. Groups: structure and notation; B. A lexicon; C. A few more details; References; Index. 2015 246 x 189 mm 575pp 99 b/w illus.  32 tables  167 exercises   978-1-107-09748-3 Hardback £57.00 / US$98.00 For all formats available, see

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Hadrons at Finite Temperature Samirnath Mallik

Particle Physics of Brane Worlds and Extra Dimensions Sreerup Raychaudhuri Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, India

and K. Sridhar Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, India

Developments over the last fifteen years have provided models of extra dimensions, addressing important theoretical issues in high-energy physics which are viable theoretically and testable experimentally. This book provides a comprehensive account of these models, introducing researchers and graduate students to this area of research. Cambridge Monographs on Mathematical Physics

2016 247 x 174 mm 340pp 51 b/w illus.  8 tables   978-0-521-76856-6 Hardback £44.99 / US$89.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9780521768566

Cosmology, relativity and gravitation TEXTBOOK

Gravitational Lensing

Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, India

Scott Dodelson

and Sourav Sarkar

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, Illinois

Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, Kolkata

This book offers an elementary introduction to hadronic properties at finite temperature and density for graduate students and researchers. Developing real-time methods of thermal field theory, this self-contained text examines the applications of these to thermal properties of hadrons, including heavy ion collisions and transport processes. Cambridge Monographs on Mathematical Physics

2016 247 x 174 mm 262pp 32 b/w illus.   978-1-107-14531-3 Hardback £89.99 / US$140.00 For all formats available, see

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Using little general relativity and no higher level mathematics, this text presents the basics of gravitational lensing, focusing on the equations needed to understand the phenomena. It then applies them to an array of topics, so that students and researchers may quickly grasp the basics and the important issues. Contents: 1. Overview; 2. Deflection of light; 3. Multiple images; 4. Magnification; 5. Microlensing; 6. Weak lensing: galaxy shapes; 7. Mass from shapes; 8. Cosmic shear; 9. Lensing of the cosmic microwave background; Appendix A. Numbers; Appendix B. Lensing formulae. 2017 247 x 174 mm 254pp 87 b/w illus.  14 colour illus.   978-1-107-12976-4 Hardback c. £44.99 / c. US$79.99 Publication April 2017 For all formats available, see

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eBooks available at www.cambridge.org/ebookstore

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Cosmology, relativity and gravitation Precision Cosmology The First Half Million Years Bernard J. T. Jones

the baryonic matter that makes up stars and galaxies in the universe.

Describing the development of modern cosmology in a thorough and didactic way, this book is enlivened by engaging historical notes and extensive online supplementary material. It explores cosmology’s physical and mathematical basis, and how we interpret data from supernovae, galaxy distributions and the cosmic microwave background using modern statistical methods.

Contents: Preface to second edition; Preface to first edition; 1. Introduction; 2. Fundamental observations; 3. Newton versus Einstein; 4. Cosmic dynamics; 5. Model universes; 6. Measuring cosmological parameters; 7. Dark matter; 8. The cosmic microwave background; 9. Nucleosynthesis and the early Universe; 10. Inflation and the very early Universe; 11. Structure formation: gravitational instability; 12. Structure formation: baryons and photons; Epilogue; Bibliography; Table of useful constants; Index.

2017 246 x 189 mm 760pp 121 b/w illus.  12 tables   978-0-521-55433-6 Hardback £64.99 / US$94.99

2016 247 x 174 mm 275pp 75 b/w illus.  5 tables   978-1-107-15483-4 Hardback £34.99 / US$49.99

Publication March 2017

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Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, The Netherlands

www.cambridge.org/9780521554336

Relativistic Kinetic Theory With Applications in Astrophysics and Cosmology Gregory V. Vereshchagin International Centre for Relativistic Astrophysics Network, Pescara

and Alexey G. Aksenov Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

This book is targeted at beginning graduate students and researchers specializing in the field of astrophysics and cosmology, as well as at theoretical physicists working on kinetic theory. It contains necessary ingredients in order to start independent research in this fast developing field. 2017 247 x 174 mm 334pp 54 b/w illus.   978-1-107-04822-5 Hardback £89.99 / US$140.00 Publication February 2017 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107048225

TEXTBOOK

Introduction to Cosmology Second edition Barbara Ryden Ohio State University

This award-winning cosmology textbook for advanced undergraduate students in physics and astronomy has been updated to include recent observational results, fuller descriptions of special and general relativity, expanded discussions of dark energy, and a new chapter on

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Deconstructing Cosmology Robert H. Sanders Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, The Netherlands

Sanders traces the development of the standard cosmological model and argues that any notions that we now understand the Universe may be premature. Dark energy and dark matter, the model’s two major components, remain enigmatic. He discusses how modified Newtonian dynamics is a significant challenge for cold dark matter. 2016 247 x 174 mm 152pp 30 b/w illus.   978-1-107-15526-8 Hardback £24.99 / US$39.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107155268

Conformal Methods in General Relativity Juan A. Valiente Kroon Queen Mary University of London

A systematic exposition, developed from the ground up, demonstrating how conformal methods can be used to study the global properties of solutions to Einstein’s theory of gravity. For graduate students and researchers, this self-contained account examines the key results in mathematical relativity over the last thirty years. 2016 247 x 174 mm 622pp 73 b/w illus.   978-1-107-03389-4 Hardback £79.99 / US$125.00 For all formats available, see

Cosmic Rays and Particle Physics Second edition Thomas K. Gaisser University of Delaware

Ralph Engel Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany

and Elisa Resconi Technische Universität München

Fully updated for the second edition, this book is aimed at graduate students and established researchers interested in learning the fundamentals of particle astrophysics. It is designed as a self-contained introductory text for graduate students studying high-energy cosmic rays, gamma-ray astronomy and neutrino astronomy. 2016 247 x 174 mm 456pp 160 b/w illus.  19 tables   978-0-521-01646-9 Hardback £44.99 / US$79.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9780521016469

TEXTBOOK

A Student’s Manual for A First Course in General Relativity Robert B. Scott Université de Bretagne Occidentale

The only solutions manual providing students with comprehensive crossreferenced solutions to Bernard Schutz’s A First Course in General Relativity. ‘Robert B. Scott has done a great service to students and instructors alike by compiling this superb Student’s Manual to Bernard Schutz’s A First Course in General Relativity, a classic introductory textbook on general relativity. Not only does Scott present exquisitely detailed solutions to Schutz’s exercises, he also proposes a large number of his own problems to further test the student’s understanding. The student will benefit greatly from this resource, and will be eased into the subject by Scott’s excellent advice.’ Eric Poisson, University of Guelph, Ontario

Contents: Preface; 1. Special relativity; 2. Vector analysis in special relativity; 3. Tensor analysis in special relativity; 4. Perfect fluids in special relativity; 5. Preface to curvature; 6. Curved manifolds; 7. Physics in curved spacetime; 8. The Einstein field equations; 9. Gravitational

www.cambridge.org/9781107033894

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Cosmology, relativity and gravitation / Plasma physics and fusion physics HIGHLIGHT

lenses as an essential tool in their investigations.

radiation; 10. Spherical solutions for stars; 11. Schwarzschild geometry and black holes; 12. Cosmology; Appendix A. Acronyms and definitions; Appendix B. Useful results; References; Index.

General Relativity and Gravitation

2016 246 x 189 mm 370pp 12 b/w illus.  5 tables  63 exercises   978-1-107-63857-0 Paperback £19.99 / US$39.99

Pennsylvania State University

2016 247 x 174 mm 302pp 136 b/w illus.  12 tables   978-1-107-07854-3 Hardback £89.99 / US$140.00

Beverly K. Berger

For all formats available, see

For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107638570

A Centennial Perspective Edited by Abhay Ashtekar

TEXTBOOK

The Expanding Universe A Primer on Relativistic Cosmology William D. Heacox University of Hawaii, Hilo

An overview of modern cosmology, accessible to undergraduate students, with emphasis on physical foundations and relations to modern observations. Contents: Introducing the Universe; Part I. Conceptual Foundations: 1. Newtonian cosmology; 2. General relativity; 3. Relativistic cosmology; Part II. General Relativity: 4. General covariance; 5. Equivalence principle; 6. Space-time curvature; 7. Einstein field equations of gravitation; Part III. Universal Expansion: 8. Cosmological field equations; 9. Cosmography; 10. Expansion dynamics; Part IV. Expansion Models: 11. Radiation; 12. Matter; 13. Dark energy; 14. Observational constraints; 15. Concordance cosmological model; Part V. Expansion History: 16. Particle era; 17. Plasma era; 18. Galaxy era; 19. Afterword: the new modern cosmology; Part VI. Appendices; Bibliography; Index.

www.cambridge.org/9781107078543

James Isenberg

Gödel ‘96

and Malcolm MacCallum University of Bristol

Explore spectacular advances in contemporary physics with this unique celebration of the centennial of Einstein’s discovery of general relativity. 2015 247 x 174 mm 696pp 45 b/w illus.  45 colour illus.   978-1-107-03731-1 Hardback £57.00 / US$93.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107037311

NEW IN PAPERBACK

Dark Energy Theory and Observations Luca Amendola Institute of Theoretical Physics, University of Heidelberg

and Shinji Tsujikawa Tokyo University of Science

Introducing the theoretical ideas, observational methods and results in dark energy, this textbook is a thorough introduction to dark energy for graduate courses.

For all formats available, see

2015 247 x 174 mm 503pp 63 b/w illus.  44 exercises   978-1-107-45398-2 Paperback £40.99 / US$67.00 Also available 978-0-521-51600-6 Hardback £67.00 / US$103.00

www.cambridge.org/9781107117525

For all formats available, see

2015 247 x 174 mm 290pp 56 b/w illus.   978-1-107-11752-5 Hardback £39.99 / US$74.99

Canary Islands Winter School of Astrophysics

Formerly Program Director for Gravitational Physics, National Science Foundation University of Oregon

www.cambridge.org/9781107453982

Astrophysical Applications of Gravitational Lensing Edited by Evencio Mediavilla Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Tenerife

Jose A. Muñoz Universitat de València, Spain

Francisco Garzón Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Tenerife

and Terence J. Mahoney Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Tenerife

Covering topics from lensing basics, quasars, clusters and large-scale structures to tutorials on lens and microlensing modelling and the future of strong lensing, this is an ideal guide for postgraduate students and practising researchers in the use of gravitational

15

Logical Foundations of Mathematics, Computer Science and Physics – Kurt Gödel’s Legacy Edited by Petr Hájek Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague

The proceedings of the conference ‘Logical Foundations of Mathematics, Computer Science, and Physics – Kurt Gödel’s Legacy’, held in Brno, Czech Republic, on the 90th anniversary of Gödel’s birth. The papers in this volume cover the wide range of topics Gödel’s work touched, and affirm its continuing importance. Lecture Notes in Logic, 6

2017 228 x 152 mm 330pp 11 b/w illus.   978-1-107-16802-2 Hardback c. £79.99 / c. US$125.00 Publication February 2017 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107168022

Plasma physics and fusion physics Foundations of HighEnergy-Density Physics Physical Processes of Matter at Extreme Conditions Jon Larsen Cascade Applied Sciences Inc., Colorado

A valuable and complete resource that brings together many of the branches of physics needed in high-energy-density physics. Targeted at research scientists and graduate students in physics and astrophysics, this book begins with basic concepts and develops a detailed explanation of the physics of hydrodynamics and energy transport in plasma. 2017 247 x 174 mm 912pp 186 b/w illus.   978-1-107-12411-0 Hardback £99.99 / US$150.00 Publication January 2017 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107124110

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16

Plasma physics and fusion physics / Computational science and modelling TEXTBOOK

Introduction to Plasma Physics With Space, Laboratory and Astrophysical Applications Second edition Donald A. Gurnett University of Iowa

and Amitava Bhattacharjee Princeton University, New Jersey

Introducing the principles of plasma physics and their applications to space, laboratory and astrophysical plasmas, this new edition has been thoroughly updated with step-by-step derivations and self-contained introductions to mathematical methods. It is ideal as an advanced undergraduate to graduatelevel textbook, or as a reference text for researchers. Contents: Preface; 1. Introduction; 2. Characteristic parameters of a plasma; 3. Single particle motions; 4. Waves in a cold plasma; 5. Kinetic theory and the moment equations; 6. Magnetohydrodynamics; 7. MHD equilibria and stability; 8. Discontinuities and shock waves; 9. Electrostatic waves in a hot unmagnetized plasma; 10. Waves in a hot magnetized plasma; 11. Nonlinear effects; 12. Collisional processes; Appendix A. Symbols; Appendix B. Useful trigonometric identities; Appendix C. Vector differential operators; Appendix D. Vector calculus identities; Index. 2016 247 x 174 mm 504pp 230 b/w illus.  4 tables   978-1-107-02737-4 Hardback £49.99 / US$64.99 Publication December 2016 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107027374

TEXTBOOK

Introduction to Modern Magnetohydrodynamics Sébastien Galtier École Polytechnique, Paris

Addressing a broad range of applications in the fields of astrophysics, geophysics and engineering, this well-illustrated textbook offers an introduction to magnetohydrodynamics for advanced undergraduate and graduate students. Rigorous derivations within the text, exercises and worked solutions provide an engaging and practical introduction to the subject. Contents: Preface; Table of physical quantities; Part I. Foundations: 1. Introduction; 2. Magnetohydrodynamics; 3. Conservation laws; Part II. Fundamental Processes: 4. Magnetohydrodynamic waves; 5. Dynamo; 6. Discontinuities and shocks; 7. Magnetic reconnection;

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Part III. Instabilities and Magnetic Confinement: 8. Static equilibrium; 9. Linear perturbation theory; 10. Study of MHD instabilities; Part IV. Turbulence: 11. Hydrodynamic turbulence; 12. MHD turbulence; 13. Advanced MHD turbulence; Appendix 1. Solutions to the exercises; Appendix 2. Formulary; References; Index. 2016 247 x 174 mm 288pp 92 b/w illus.  15 colour illus.  4 tables   978-1-107-15865-8 Hardback £49.99 / US$74.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107158658

Physics of Partially Ionized Plasmas Vinod Krishan Indian Institute of Astrophysics, India

This book presents a pedagogical account of the physics of partially ionized plasmas starting from first principles. It includes a set of unsolved problems at the cutting edge of research in the field, from the formulation to the application level. Cambridge Atmospheric and Space Science Series

2016 234 x 156 mm 276pp 978-1-107-11739-6 Hardback £69.99 / US$110.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107117396

Collisionless Shocks in Space Plasmas Structure and Accelerated Particles David Burgess Queen Mary University of London

and Manfred Scholer Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany

An engaging introduction to collisionless shocks in space plasmas, presenting a complete review, from first principles to current research. Cambridge Atmospheric and Space Science Series

2015 253 x 177 mm 365pp 173 b/w illus.   978-0-521-51459-0 Hardback £103.00 / US$160.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9780521514590

An ideal companion for both undergraduates and postgraduates in physics, applied mathematics or engineering. Review of previous edition: ‘… an excellent book, which provides a refreshing introduction and a welcome addition to the MHD literature.’ A. M. Soward, Journal of Fluid Mechanics Cambridge Texts in Applied Mathematics, 55

2017 247 x 174 mm 498pp 120 b/w illus.  15 tables  35 exercises   978-1-107-16016-3 Hardback £89.99 / US$125.00 978-1-316-61302-3 Paperback £44.99 / US$64.99 Publication January 2017 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107160163

Computational science and modelling TEXTBOOK

Learning Scientific Programming with Python Christian Hill University College London

Learn to master basic programming tasks from scratch with real-life scientific examples in this complete introduction to Python. Contents: 1. Introduction; 2. The core Python language I; 3. Interlude: simple plotting with pylab; 4. The core Python language II; 5. IPython and IPython notebook; 6. NumPy; 7. Matplotlib; 8. SciPy; 9. General scientific programming; Appendix A. Solutions; Index. 2016 247 x 174 mm 457pp 93 b/w illus.  52 tables  150 exercises   978-1-107-07541-2 Hardback £69.99 / US$99.99 978-1-107-42822-5 Paperback £27.99 / US$44.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107075412

Introduction to Magnetohydrodynamics Second edition P. A. Davidson University of Cambridge

A comprehensive textbook which prioritises physical ideas over mathematical detail. This new edition offers additional coverage of planetary dynamos, astrophysical applications and fusion plasma magnetohydrodynamics.

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Computational science and modelling / Nonlinear science and fluid dynamics A Student’s Guide to Numerical Methods Ian H. Hutchinson Massachusetts Institute of Technology

The plain language style, worked examples and exercises in this book help students to understand the foundations of computational physics and engineering.

in small passages; 15. Fundamentals of condensation; 16. Internal-flow condensation and condensation on liquid jets and droplets; 17. Choking in two-phase flow. 2016 253 x 177 mm 784pp 266 b/w illus.  46 tables   978-1-107-15330-1 Hardback £95.00 / US$125.00 Publication December 2016

2015 228 x 152 mm 221pp 73 b/w illus.   978-1-107-09567-0 Hardback £40.99 / US$72.00 978-1-107-47950-0 Paperback £18.99 / US$30.99

For all formats available, see

For all formats available, see

Flow Measurement Handbook

www.cambridge.org/9781107095670

Nonlinear science and fluid dynamics TEXTBOOK

Two-Phase Flow, Boiling, and Condensation In Conventional and Miniature Systems Second edition S. Mostafa Ghiaasiaan Georgia Institute of Technology

A comprehensive introduction to the fundamentals of flow and heat transfer, this new edition details recent research trends, applications, and common design problems, and includes numerous endof-chapter problems. It will be essential for graduate courses on two-phase flow, boiling, and condensation, and an ideal reference for researchers and professionals. Contents: Part I. Two-Phase Flow: 1. Thermodynamic and single-phase flow fundamentals; 2. Gas-liquid interfacial phenomena; 3. Two-phase mixtures, fluid dispersions, and liquid films; 4. Twophase flow regimes – I; 5. Two-phase flow modeling; 6. The drift flux model and void-quality relations; 7. Two-phase flow regimes – II; 8. Pressure drop in two-phase flow; 9. Countercurrent flow limitation; 10. Two-phase flow in small flow passages; Part II. Boiling and Condensation: 11. Pool boiling; 12. Flow boiling; 13. Critical heat flux and post-CHF heat transfer in flow boiling; 14. Flow boiling and CHF

www.cambridge.org/9781107153301

TEXTBOOK

Industrial Designs, Operating Principles, Performance, and Applications Second edition Roger C. Baker

This book is a reference for engineers on flow measurement techniques and instruments. It strikes a balance between laboratory ideas and the realities of field experience and provides advice on the operation and performance of flowmeters. This book will also provide background material on alternative products. Contents: 1. Introduction; 2. Fluid mechanics essentials; 3. Specification, selection and audit; 4. Calibration; 5. Orifice plate meters; 6. Venturi meter and standard nozzles; 7. Critical flow venturi nozzle; 8. Other momentum-sensing meters; 9. Positive displacement flowmeters; 10. Turbine and related flowmeters; 11. Vortex shedding, swirl and fluidic flowmeters; 12. Electromagnetic flowmeters; 13. Magnetic resonance flowmeters; 14. Ultrasonic flowmeters; 15. Acoustic and sonar flowmethods; 16. Mass flow measurement using multiple sensors for single-phase flows 501; 17. Multiphase flowmeters; 18. Thermal flowmeters; 19. Angular momentum devices; 20. Coriolis flowmeters; 21. Probes for local velocity measurement in liquids and gases; 22. Verification in situ methods for checking calibration; 23. Remote data access systems; 24. Final considerations. 2016 253 x 177 mm 790pp 438 b/w illus.  49 tables   978-1-107-04586-6 Hardback £74.99 / US$135.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107045866

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TEXTBOOK

Combustion Thermodynamics and Dynamics Joseph M. Powers University of Notre Dame, Indiana

This book is for graduate and advanced undergraduate students in aerospace, mechanical and chemical engineering, as well as physics and applied mathematics. It is appropriate as both a textbook and an exposition of combustion science. It treats modern topics in thermodynamics, physical chemistry, and dynamics of advectionreaction-diffusion. Contents: Preface; Part I. Reactive Systems: 1. Introduction to chemical kinetics; 2. Gas mixtures; 3. Mathematical foundations of thermodynamics; 4. Thermochemistry of a single reaction; 5. Thermochemistry of multiple reactions; 6. Nonlinear dynamics of reduced kinetics; Part II. Advective-Reactive-Diffusive Systems: 7. Reactive Navier–Stokes equations; 8. Simple linear combustion; 9. Idealized solid combustion; 10. Premixed laminar flame; 11. Oscillatory combustion; 12. Detonation. 2016 253 x 177 mm 474pp 146 b/w illus.  17 tables   978-1-107-06745-5 Hardback £74.99 / US$125.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107067455

Combustion Waves and Fronts in Flows Flames, Shocks, Detonations, Ablation Fronts and Explosion of Stars Paul Clavin Université d’Aix-Marseille

and Geoff Searby Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Marseille

An up-to-date and comprehensive presentation of the nonlinear dynamics of combustion waves and other nonequilibrium energetic systems. Physical insights are provided through examples of well-controlled experiments, and analytical solutions to problems are derived using perturbation methods. Necessary background knowledge is given alongside advanced results, appealing to both students and specialists. 2016 247 x 174 mm 720pp 184 b/w illus.  13 tables   978-1-107-09868-8 Hardback £120.00 / US$190.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107098688

Visit our website at www.cambridge.org/academic

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Nonlinear science and fluid dynamics The Gas Dynamics of Explosions John H. S. Lee McGill University, Montréal

The gas dynamics of explosions is a subject that continues to interest researchers from many fields of physics and engineering. Lee’s book describes the various analytical methods developed to determine non-steady shock propagation associated with explosions in a style accessible to graduate students and researchers in the subject. 2016 247 x 174 mm 216pp 55 b/w illus.  5 tables   978-1-107-10630-7 Hardback £89.99 / US$140.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107106307

TEXTBOOK

Dynamics Theory and Application of Kane’s Method Carlos M. Roithmayr NASA-Langley Research Center, Virginia

Appendix I. Direction cosines as functions of orientation angles; Appendix II. Kinematical differential equations in terms of orientation angles; Appendix III. Inertia properties of uniform bodies; Index. 2016 253 x 177 mm 536pp 217 b/w illus.  34 tables  253 exercises   978-1-107-00569-3 Hardback £75.00 / US$135.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107005693

Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Matter S. Paolucci University of Notre Dame, Indiana

This book gives advanced undergraduate and graduate students a clear understanding of the development of continuum mechanics, with special emphasis on thermodymamics. 2016 247 x 174 mm 520pp 53 b/w illus.  20 tables  250 exercises   978-1-107-08995-2 Hardback £110.00 / US$175.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107089952

and Dewey H. Hodges Georgia Institute of Technology

This is a textbook for advanced students in engineering or physics, as well as a reference for professionals interested in deriving equations that govern the motions of mechanical systems. It presents Kane’s method, which is suited for dealing with multibody systems, and also analyzes the dynamics of complex spacecraft and robotic devices. ‘Dynamics: Theory and Application of Kane’s Method is a timely update of the now classical book by Kane and Levinson by two authors, collectively with many decades of experience stretching across academia and government laboratories. While providing coverage of a broader class of problems and of recent advances in the field, the rigor and clarity of the original text is retained. This new book will be welcomed by many working on dynamics and control of complex mechanical and aerospace multibody systems.’ Olivier A. Bauchau, Journal of Computational and Nonlinear Dynamics

Contents: 1. Differentiation of vectors; 2. Kinematics; 3. Constraints; 4. Mass distribution; 5. Generalized forces; 6. Constraint forces, constraint torques; 7. Energy functions; 8. Formulation of equations of motion; 9. Extraction of information from equations of motion; 10. Kinematics of orientation; Problem sets;

Lyapunov Exponents A Tool to Explore Complex Dynamics Arkady Pikovsky Universität Potsdam, Germany

and Antonio Politi University of Aberdeen

A comprehensive description of the Lyapunov exponent tools from basic to advanced levels, with practical applications for complex systems. 2016 246 x 189 mm 295pp 80 b/w illus.  3 tables   978-1-107-03042-8 Hardback £54.99 / US$84.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107030428

Stochastic Analysis of Scaling Time Series From Turbulence Theory to Applications François G. Schmitt Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Paris

and Yongxiang Huang Xiamen University, China

Provides a thorough understanding of the techniques used to retrieve multiscale information from turbulent and complex systems, with case studies. 2016 247 x 174 mm 226pp 148 b/w illus.   978-1-107-06761-5 Hardback £44.99 / US$74.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107067615

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TEXTBOOK

Chaotic Dynamics Fractals, Tilings, and Substitutions Geoffrey R. Goodson Towson State University, Maryland

This undergraduate text is a rigorous introduction to dynamical systems and an accessible guide for those transitioning from calculus to advanced mathematics. It has many studentfriendly features, such as graded exercises ranging from straightforward to more difficult with hints, and includes applications of real analysis and metric space theory. Contents: 1. The orbits of onedimensional maps; 2. Bifurcations and the logistic family; 3. Sharkovsky’s theorem; 4. Dynamics on metric spaces; 5. Countability, sets of measure zero, and the Cantor set; 6. Devaney’s definition of chaos; 7. Conjugacy of dynamical systems; 8. Singer’s theorem; 9. Conjugacy, fundamental domains, and the tent family; 10. Fractals; 11. Newton’s method for real quadratics and cubics; 12. Coppel’s theorem and a proof of Sharkovsky’s theorem; 13. Real linear transformations, the Hénon Map, and hyperbolic toral automorphisms; 14. Elementary complex dynamics; 15. Examples of substitutions; 16. Fractals arising from substitutions; 17. Compactness in metric spaces and an introduction to topological dynamics; 18. Substitution dynamical systems; 19. Sturmian sequences and irrational rotations; 20. The multiple recurrence theorem of Furstenberg and Weiss; Appendix A: theorems from calculus; Appendix B: the Baire category theorem; Appendix C: the complex numbers; Appendix D: Weyl’s equidistribution theorem. Cambridge Mathematical Textbooks

2016 253 x 177 mm 350pp 93 b/w illus.  435 exercises   978-1-107-11267-4 Hardback c. £34.99 / c. US$75.00 Publication December 2016 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107112674

Discrete Systems and Integrability J. Hietarinta University of Turku, Finland

N. Joshi University of Sydney

and F. W. Nijhoff University of Leeds

The first introductory text on a topic of interdisciplinary science that has undergone major development in recent years. Written by respected experts in the field and including numerous exercises and notes on further reading, this book will benefit upper-level and

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Nonlinear science and fluid dynamics / Mathematical methods and computational tools / Electronics for beginning graduate students as well as researchers from other disciplines.

Understanding Maple

Cambridge Texts in Applied Mathematics, 54

University of Liverpool

2016 228 x 152 mm 458pp 68 b/w illus.  2 tables  98 exercises   978-1-107-04272-8 Hardback £64.99 / US$99.99 978-1-107-66948-2 Paperback £34.99 / US$49.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107042728

Mathematical methods and computational tools Practical Bayesian Inference A Primer for Physical Scientists Coryn Bailer-Jones Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Heidelberg

This volume introduces the major concepts of probability and statistics and the computational tools students need to extract information from data in the presence of uncertainty. Using a simple and intuitive Bayesian approach, the emphasis throughout is on the principles and showing how these methods can be implemented in practice. 2017 247 x 174 mm c.350pp 978-1-107-19211-9 Hardback c. £64.99 / c. US$89.99 978-1-316-64221-4 Paperback c. £29.99 / c. US$39.99 Publication June 2017 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107192119

Ian Thompson

In this short introduction, the key features of Maple are explained as readers learn to use it to solve complex mathematical problems in areas such as algebra, calculus, linear algebra, graphics, and programming. Numerous illustrative examples are provided and a focus is placed on explaining how common problems can be avoided. 2016 216 x 138 mm 236pp 6 b/w illus.   978-1-316-62814-0 Paperback £14.99 / US$21.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781316628140

Don S. Lemons Bethel College, Kansas

This introduction to dimensional analysis covers the methods, history and formalisation of the field. Utilising topics including mechanics, hydroand electrodynamics, and thermal and quantum physics, it illustrates the possibilities and limitations of dimensional analysis, making it perfect for students on introductory courses in physics, engineering and mathematics.

G. Miller University of California, Davis

A graduate-level introduction balancing theory and application, providing full coverage of classical methods with many practical examples and demonstration programs. 2014 247 x 174 mm 581pp 90 b/w illus.  25 tables  70 exercises   978-1-107-02108-2 Hardback £77.00 / US$118.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107021082

Electronics for physicists

Third edition Roel Snieder

Learning the Art of Electronics

and Kasper van Wijk University of Auckland

This completely revised edition provides a comprehensive tour of the mathematical knowledge and techniques needed by students across the physical sciences. 2015 253 x 177 mm 584pp 153 b/w illus.  10 tables   978-1-107-08496-4 Hardback £77.00 / US$134.00 978-1-107-64160-0 Paperback £39.99 / US$70.00

A Hands-On Lab Course Thomas C. Hayes with Paul Horowitz Harvard University, Massachusetts

Turn to this book if you want to learn about different types of circuits and their behavior. You will gain a deep and intuitive understanding of circuit operation, be exposed to advanced circuit designs, and learn to build analog and digital devices from first principles using basic components.

www.cambridge.org/9781107084964

2016 253 x 203 mm 1150pp 1530 b/w illus.  20 tables   978-0-521-17723-8 Paperback £39.99 / US$79.99

Python for Scientists

For all formats available, see

For all formats available, see

John M. Stewart

A Student’s Guide to Dimensional Analysis

Numerical Analysis for Engineers and Scientists

A Guided Tour of Mathematical Methods for the Physical Sciences Colorado School of Mines

19

www.cambridge.org/9780521177238

University of Cambridge

This book provides everything the working scientist needs to know to start using Python effectively. 2014 247 x 174 mm 234pp 36 b/w illus.   978-1-107-06139-2 Hardback £72.00 / US$113.00 978-1-107-68642-7 Paperback £30.99 / US$45.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107061392

2017 228 x 152 mm 121pp 16 b/w illus.  39 tables   978-1-107-16115-3 Hardback c. £39.99 / c. US$69.99 978-1-316-61381-8 Paperback c. £17.99 / c. US$29.99 Publication March 2017 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107161153

eBooks available at www.cambridge.org/ebookstore

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Electronics for physicists / General and classical physics HIGHLIGHT

The Art of Electronics Third edition Paul Horowitz Harvard University, Massachusetts

and Winfield Hill Rowland Institute of Science, Harvard University, Massachusetts

The new gold standard and indispensable reference for anyone, student or researcher, professional or amateur, who works with electronic circuits. PROSE Award for Engineering and Technology 2016 – Honourable mention 2015 253 x 203 mm 1220pp 1470 b/w illus.  78 tables   978-0-521-80926-9 Hardback £64.99 / US$120.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9780521809269

General and classical physics Advanced Analytical Dynamics Theory and Applications Vincent De Sapio HRL Laboratories LLC, California

Intended for graduate students, this textbook provides an understanding of the theoretical underpinnings of analytical mechanics, as well as modern task-based approaches that can be exploited for real-world problems. Students will receive a timely perspective on applying theory to modern problems in areas like biomechanics and robotics. 2017 234 x 177 mm 304pp 978-1-107-17960-8 Hardback £69.99 / US$99.99 Publication January 2017 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107179608

Classical and Quantum Thermal Physics R. Prasad Aligarh Muslim University, India

This book includes basic concepts such as classical and quantum thermal physics, as well as applications in the areas of chemical reactions and quantum thermodynamics. Additional features include a large number of solved examples, unsolved exercises,

34389_Physics_prelims.indd 20

short and long questions, and multiple choice questions.

graduate students, as well as teachers and lecturers.

2016 244 x 170 mm 596pp 978-1-107-17288-3 Hardback £54.99 / US$94.99

2016 247 x 174 mm 492pp 377 b/w illus.   978-1-107-10385-6 Hardback £44.99 / US$64.99 978-1-107-50382-3 Paperback £19.99 / US$29.99

For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107172883

For all formats available, see

Maxwell’s Enduring Legacy A Scientific History of the Cavendish Laboratory Malcolm Longair University of Cambridge

This unique book is an authoritative history of the scientific achievements of the Cavendish Laboratory from its origins in the late-nineteenth century to the present day. It includes detailed discussions of the broad range of physics studied and the discoveries of the twenty-nine Nobel Prize winners that worked there. ‘In what is patently a labour of love, the astronomer Malcolm Longair now gives us a comprehensive scientific history of the Cavendish in Maxwell’s Enduring Legacy. Longair, who was the lab’s head from 1997 to 2005, describes its inception well … Longair’s history is in the form of a well-organized modern physics book, most of its twenty-two sections replete with charts, tables and lucid technical explanations presented neatly in boxes. Abundant diagrams, photographs, line drawings, floor-plans and facsimiles of historical documents give fascinating insights into the lab’s development.’ Graham Farmelo, Nature 2016 246 x 189 mm 650pp 93 b/w illus.  140 colour illus.  35 tables   978-1-107-08369-1 Hardback £39.99 / US$69.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107083691

200 More Puzzling Physics Problems With Hints and Solutions Péter Gnädig Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest

Gyula Honyek

www.cambridge.org/9781107103856

HIGHLIGHT

Why Quark Rhymes with Pork And Other Scientific Diversions N. David Mermin Cornell University, New York

A collection of offbeat, entertaining and primarily nontechnical essays on physics and those who practice it, from eminent theoretical physicist N. David Mermin. Bringing together for the first time all thirty of his columns published in Physics Today’s Reference Frame series from 1988 to 2009, with updating commentary, this humorous and unusual volume includes thirteen other essays, many of them previously unpublished. Mermin’s lively and penetrating writing illuminates a broad range of topics, from the implications of bad spelling in a major science journal, to the crises of science libraries and scientific periodicals, the folly of scientific prizes and honors, the agony of getting funding, and how to pronounce ‘quark’. His witty observations and insightful anecdotes gleaned from a lifetime in science will entertain physicists at all levels, as well as anyone else interested in science or scientists at the turn of the twenty-first century. ‘This delightful collection of essays should be on the bookshelf of anyone who cares about the human side of physics; it kept me amply entertained for the whole of a transatlantic air trip. I particularly like Mermin’s discussion of the ‘science wars’, where his analysis is orders of magnitude more sophisticated than those of most of the combatants on either side.’ Anthony Leggett, University of Illinois, UrbanaChampaign, and Nobel Laureate in Physics

and Máté Vigh

2016 216 x 138 mm 370pp 978-1-107-02430-4 Hardback £19.99 / US$29.99

Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest

For all formats available, see

Consultant Editor Ken Riley

www.cambridge.org/9781107024304

Radnóti Grammar School, Budapest

University of Cambridge

Presenting intriguing and challenging physics problems in a non-technical manner, this insightful book comes complete with hints and full solutions. A must-have for a wide range of readers, from advanced school students to

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General and classical physics / History, philosophy and foundations of physics HIGHLIGHT

A Student’s Guide to Waves Daniel Fleisch Wittenberg University, Ohio

and Laura Kinnaman Morningside College, Iowa

Written to complement course textbooks, this book focuses on the topics that undergraduates in physics and engineering find most difficult. 2015 228 x 152 mm 230pp 109 b/w illus.  60 exercises   978-1-107-05486-8 Hardback £40.99 / US$67.00 978-1-107-64326-0 Paperback £17.99 / US$27.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107054868

TEXTBOOK

Thermal Physics Energy and Entropy David Goodstein California Institute of Technology

A fresh introduction to thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, and the study of matter for undergraduate courses. Contents: 1. The basic ideas of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics; 2. The care and feeding of thermodynamic variables; 3. Gases and other matters; 4. The laws of thermodynamics; 5. The Boltzmann factor and the density of states; 6. Thermodynamic functions; 7. Statistical mechanics for fixed and variable N; 8. More advanced topics; 9. Solutions; Index. 2015 228 x 152 mm 174pp 44 b/w illus.  96 exercises   978-1-107-08011-9 Hardback £40.00 / US$75.00 978-1-107-46549-7 Paperback £19.99 / US$32.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107080119

History, philosophy and foundations of physics

What Goes Up ... Gravity and Scientific Method Peter Kosso Northern Arizona University

Following the history of gravity from Aristotle to Einstein, this clear account highlights the logic of scientific method and demonstrates how scientific ideas are developed, challenged and changed. Limited mathematics and clear explanations allow all those curious about gravity to gain a deeper understanding of gravity and how science works.

The Philosophy of Cosmology Edited by Khalil Chamcham University of Oxford

Joseph Silk University of Oxford

John D. Barrow

2017 247 x 174 mm 240pp 56 b/w illus.  2 tables   978-1-107-12985-6 Hardback £34.99 / US$49.99

University of Cambridge

and Simon Saunders University of Oxford

This book addresses foundational questions raised by observational and theoretical progress in modern cosmology. As the foundational volume of an emerging academic discipline, experts from relevant fields lay out the fundamental problems of contemporary cosmology and explore the routes toward finding possible solutions, for a broad academic audience.

Publication January 2017

2017 247 x 174 mm 544pp 60 b/w illus.  10 tables   978-1-107-14539-9 Hardback £49.99 / US$69.99

and Luke A. Barnes

For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107129856

HIGHLIGHT

A Fortunate Universe Life in a Finely Tuned Cosmos Geraint F. Lewis University of Sydney University of Sydney

Foreword by Brian Schmidt Australian National University, Canberra

Publication April 2017 www.cambridge.org/9781107145399

From Matter to Life Information and Causality Edited by Sara Imari Walker Arizona State University

Paul C. W. Davies Arizona State University

and George F. R. Ellis University of Cape Town

For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107150539

9781107156616: Lewis: Jacket: C M Y K

Publication February 2017

Geraint F. Lewis is a professor of astrophysics at the Sydney Institute for Astronomy, part of the University of Sydney. With an undergraduate education at the University of London, and a Ph.D. in Astrophysics from the world-renowned Institute of Astronomy at the University of Cambridge, Professor Lewis is an internationally recognized astrophysicist, having published more than 200 papers in a diverse range of fields, including gravitational lensing, galactic cannibalism, cosmology and large-scale structure. As well as being an accomplished lecturer, he regularly engages in public outreach through public speaking, articles in the popular press, and through social media, on twitter as @Cosmic_Horizons and on his blog at cosmic-horizons.blogspot.com.

Over the last 40 years, scientists have uncovered evidence that if the Universe had been forged with even slightly different properties, life as we know it - and life as we can imagine it - would be impossible.

Join us on a journey through how we understand the Universe, from its most basic particles and forces, to planets, stars and galaxies, and back through cosmic history to the birth of the cosmos. Conflicting notions about our place in the Universe are defined, defended and critiqued from scientific, philosophical and religious viewpoints. The authors’ engaging and witty style addresses what finetuning might mean for the future of physics and the search for the ultimate laws of nature.

Tackling difficult questions and providing thought-provoking answers, this volumes challenges us to consider our place in the cosmos, regardless of our initial convictions.

Luke A. Barnes is a postdoctoral researcher at the Sydney Institute for Astronomy. His university medal from the University of Sydney helped Dr Barnes earn a scholarship to complete a Ph.D. at the University of Cambridge. He has published papers in the field of galaxy formation and on the fine-tuning of the Universe for life. He has been invited to speak at the 2011 and 2015 St Thomas Summer Seminars in Philosophy of Religion and Philosophical Theology, the University of California Summer School for the Philosophy of Cosmology, and numerous public lectures. He blogs at letterstonature.wordpress.com and tweets @lukebarnes83.

A FORTUNATE UNIVERSE

Recent advances suggest that the concept of information might hold the key to unravelling the mystery of life’s origins. This book provides fresh insights from experts in philosophy, biology, chemistry, physics and cognitive and social sciences to provide a unique cross-disciplinary perspective to the problem, of interest to students and researchers in these fields.

LEWIS AND BARNES

Over the last forty years, scientists have uncovered evidence that if the Universe had been forged with even slightly different properties, life as we know it – and life as we can imagine it – would be impossible. Join us on a journey through how we understand the Universe, from its most basic particles and forces, to planets, stars and galaxies, and back through cosmic history to the birth of the cosmos. Conflicting notions about our place in the Universe are defined, defended and critiqued from scientific, philosophical and religious viewpoints. The authors’ engaging and witty style addresses what fine-tuning might mean for the future of physics and the search for the ultimate laws of nature. Tackling difficult questions and providing thought-provoking answers, this volumes challenges us to consider our place in the cosmos, regardless of our initial convictions.

For all formats available, see

2017 228 x 152 mm 543pp 49 b/w illus.   978-1-107-15053-9 Hardback £24.99 / US$34.99

21

GERAINT F. LEWIS AND LUKE A. BARNES

A FORTUNATE UNIVERSE Life in a Finely Tuned Cosmos

‘My colleagues, Geraint and Luke, in A Fortunate Universe, take you on a tour of the Cosmos in all of its glory, and all of its mystery. You will see that humanity appears to be part of a remarkable set of circumstances involving a special time around a special planet, which orbits a special star, all within a specially constructed Universe. It is these sets of conditions that have allowed humans to ponder ISBN 978-1-107-15661-6

Printed in the United Kingdom Cover design: Andrew Ward

9 781107 156616 >

Visit our website at www.cambridge.org/academic

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22

History, philosophy and foundations of physics / Also of interest our place in space and time. I have no idea why we are here, but I do know the Universe is beautiful. A Fortunate Universe captures the mysterious beauty of the Cosmos in a way that all can share.’ Brian Schmidt, Australian National University, Canberra, and Nobel Laureate in Physics (2011), from the Foreword 2016 228 x 152 mm 388pp 49 b/w illus.   978-1-107-15661-6 Hardback £18.99 / US$27.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107156616

NEW IN PAPERBACK

String Theory and the Scientific Method Richard Dawid

HIGHLIGHT

Science and Human Experience Values, Culture, and the Mind Leon N. Cooper Brown University, Rhode Island

Nobel Laureate Leon N. Cooper places pressing scientific questions in the broader context of how they relate to human experience.

2014 212pp 5 b/w illus.   978-1-107-44961-9 Paperback £20.99 / US$30.99 Also available 978-1-107-02971-2 Hardback £93.00 / US$144.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107449619

HIGHLIGHT

The Singular Universe and the Reality of Time A Proposal in Natural Philosophy Roberto Mangabeira Unger Harvard Law School, Massachusetts

and Lee Smolin Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, Canada

Roberto Mangabeira Unger and Lee Smolin argue for a revolution in our cosmological ideas. Ideal for nonscientists, physicists and cosmologists. PROSE Award for Cosmology and Astronomy 2016 – Winner 2014 228 x 152 mm 566pp 978-1-107-07406-4 Hardback £19.99 / US$30.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107074064

2014 216 x 138 mm 256pp 33 b/w illus.   978-1-107-04317-6 Hardback £17.99 / US$29.99 For all formats available, see

Publication December 2016

www.cambridge.org/9781107043176

For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107154056

Also of interest Successful Careers beyond the Lab Edited by David J. Bennett University of Cambridge

and Richard C. Jennings University of Cambridge

This book provides an invaluable resource for undergraduate, postgraduate and early-career scientists on the wide range of alternative careers available. This book brings together entertaining personal accounts from experienced role models and readable summaries of possible pathways, the skills required and the working lifestyles of careers from business and the media to government, and beyond. 2017 228 x 152 mm 312pp 4 b/w illus.  1 table   978-1-107-16105-4 Hardback c. £59.99 / c. US$99.99 978-1-316-61379-5 Paperback c. £24.99 / c. US$39.99

Getting into Graduate School in the Sciences A Step-by-Step Guide for Students S. Kersey Sturdivant Duke University, North Carolina and Inspire Environmental, LLC, Rhode Island

and Noelle J. Relles State University of New York, Cortland

Addressing a lack of practical and evidence-based advice for graduate education in the natural sciences, this complete step-by-step guide will lead students through the application process for both masters and doctoral level graduate degrees. An essential resource for life and earth scientists applying to graduate school in the United States. 2016 228 x 152 mm 178pp 12 b/w illus.  3 tables   978-1-107-42067-0 Paperback £19.99 / US$24.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107420670

Publication January 2017

HIGHLIGHT

For all formats available, see

TEXTBOOK

www.cambridge.org/9781107161054

How to Write and Illustrate a Scientific Paper Third edition Björn Gustavii Lund University Hospital, Sweden

The third edition of this compact, easyto-read book contains essential advice on how to take a manuscript from planning right through to publication. Detailing examples of good versus bad practice, this user-friendly volume shows both first-time writers and more

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Review of previous edition: ‘This book ranks with the best in the field. It is brief, to the point and easy to follow … useful to the author and editor … recommended.’ Research Communications in Molecular Pathology and Pharmacology 2016 228 x 152 mm 232pp 71 b/w illus.   978-1-107-15405-6 Hardback £44.99 / US$74.99 978-1-316-60791-6 Paperback £17.99 / US$29.99

Universität Wien, Austria

This book explains why string theorists develop a strong belief in their theory despite the lack of empirical confirmation.

experienced authors how to write, illustrate and prepare a scientific paper.

Scientists Making a Difference One Hundred Eminent Behavioral and Brain Scientists Talk about their Most Important Contributions Edited by Robert J. Sternberg Cornell University, New York

Susan T. Fiske Princeton University, New Jersey

and Donald J. Foss University of Houston

Scientists Making a Difference is a volume of first-person narratives from the top psychological scientists of modern times, written for students in undergraduate courses and graduate seminars. The book will also appeal to professional psychologists, scientists and

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Also of interest scholars interested in the views of the leading figures in their field.

David G. Myers, Professor of Psychology, Hope College

“Reading this book is like spending an afternoon chatting with some of psychology’s most prominent scholars. They talk about the significance of their work, describe how they honed their creative ideas, and offer advice for dealing with failures, adversity, and success. The authors invite us inside their laboratories and provide a rare insight into the process of making a difference.” Diane Halpern, Dean of Social Sciences, Emerita, Minerva Schools at KGI and Professor of Psychology, Emerita, Claremont McKenna College

“Asking a couple ‘How did you two meet?’ inevitably elicits an interesting story, and this is essentially what the editors of this volume have done by asking a group of eminent psychological scientists to talk about their love affairs with their work. The result is a set of brief but fascinating stories that not only inspire admiration of these brilliant authors but will surely lead some of today’s best students to dream of following in their footsteps.” Douglas A. Bernstein, Professor of Psychology, University of South Florida

9781107127135: Sternberg, Fiske and Foss: PPC: C M Y K

Contents: Preface; Foreword; Part I. Introduction: 1. What makes a psychological scientist ‘eminent’?; Part II. Biological Bases of Psychology: Genes, Brain, and Beyond; Section 1. Feelings, Fears, Stressors, and Coping: 2. Feelings and decisions; 3. My career in fear; 4. Child poverty and brain development; 5. Try it and assume nothing; 6. Coming full circle: from psychology to neuroscience and back; 7. Hormones, epigenetics, the brain, and behavior; 8. Brain plasticity, science, and medicine; Section 2. Cognitive and Social Neuroscience: 9. Social neuroscience; 10. Modulating memory consolidation; 11. Memory consolidation and transformation: the hippocampus and mental time travel; 12. Imaging the human brain; 13. Different mechanisms of cognitive flexibility within the prefrontal cortex; 14. Memory and brain; Section 3. Behavioral and Molecular Genetics: 15. Genes and behavior: nature via nurture; 16. The view from the center of the triangle: psychology, psychiatry, and genetics; 17. Bringing genetics into the mainstream of psychology; Part III. Cognition: Getting Information from the World and Dealing with It; Section 1. Attention and Perception: 18. Cognitive control; 19. The essential Dave Meyer: some musings on ‘scholarly eminence’ and important scientific contributions; 20. Just turn it over in your mind; 21. Attention and automatism; 22. How the brain constructs objects; Section 2. Learning and Memory: 23. Human memory: a proposed system and its control processes; 24. Working memory; 25. Emotionally colored cognition; 26. Levels of processing in human memory; 27. Falling down the duck/rabbit hole; 28. Memory matters; 29. What do you know and how do you know it? It’s all in your connections; 30. Serendipity in research: origins of the DRM false memory paradigm; 31. Memory: beyond remembering; 32. Episodic memory; 33. What we learn depends on what we are remembering; Section 3. Complex Processes: 34. A unified theory of mind; 35. Multiple intelligences: prelude, theory, and aftermath; 36. Heuristics and biases; 37. Comprehension; 38. The

“In 100 autobiographical essays, psychology’s preeminent contributors reveal the roots and fruits of their famed contributions. Here are stories for posterity, from the funding barriers that challenged Thomas Bouchard’s study of reared-apart twins, to Michael Gazzaniga’s exhilaration on discovering the wonders of human split-brains, to Carol Dweck’s “mesearch” on how on how she and others could find a thriving mindset when facing obstacles. This is living history—and a great read for both psychological scientists and students.”

“A wonderful book and an instant classic. In this remarkable series of essays bookended by two thought-provoking summaries, 100 eminent psychological scholars offer readers an insider’s glimpse of how to achieve scientific excellence. This superb book is a powerful reminder of the value of serendipity in scientific discovery. Psychology lovers will find the often surprising insights from our field’s premier scholars invaluable, and will have a difficult time putting the book down. Great fun and highly recommended.” Scott O. Lilienfeld, Ph.D., Samuel Candler Dobbs Professor of Psychology, Emory University & Editor, Clinical Psychological Science

Scient ist s Ma k i ng a Di f ferenc e

David G. Myers, Hope College, Michigan

87. Focusing on culture in psychology; Part VII. Clinical and Health Psychology: Making Lives Better; Section 1. Stress and Coping: 88. Psychological stress, immunity, and physical disease; 89. A Goldilocks idea: not too big, not too small, just right; Section 2. Understanding Mental Disorders: 90. Why study autism?; 91. Understanding clinical depression; 92. A sociologist working in psychiatric epidemiology talks to psychologists: a career bridging fields; 93. Closing the divide: psychological science, basic and applied; Section 3. Psychotherapy and Behavior Change: 94. The development and evaluation of psychological treatments for anxiety disorders; 95. Psychosocial treatment of children with severe aggressive and antisocial behavior; 96. Expressive writing; 97. Staging: a revolution in changing health risk behaviors; Section 4. Health and Positive Psychology: 98. Psychological origins of cardiovascular disease; 99. How positive psychology happened and where it is going; 100. Looking back and forward; 101. Becoming an eminent researcher in psychological science; Afterword: doing psychology 24x7 and why it matters; Index.

St e r n be rg, Fisk e a n d Foss

‘In 100 autobiographical essays, psychology’s preeminent contributors reveal the roots and fruits of their famed contributions. Here are stories for posterity, from the funding barriers that challenged Thomas Bouchard’s study of reared-apart twins, to Michael Gazzaniga’s exhilaration on discovering the wonders of human split-brains, to Carol Dweck’s ‘mesearch’ on how she and others could find a thriving mindset when facing obstacles. This is living history – and a great read for both psychological scientists and students.’

perception of risk; 39. What does it mean to be intelligent?; Part IV. Development: How We Change over Time; Section 1. Cognitive Development: 40. Building a unique network of scientific enterprises; 41. Research on children’s recollections: what a difference a phone call made; 42. Development of children’s knowledge about the mind; 43. Real representations in two dimensions; 44. Language and the social brain: the power of surprise in science; 45. The importance of developmental plasticity; 46. Levels of analysis in cognitive aging; 47. The longitudinal study of adult cognitive development; 48. How does change occur?; 49. Cognitive abilities of infants; Section 2. Social/Personality Development: 50. The power of observational learning through social modeling; 51. Human development in evolutionary biological perspective; 52. Transitions, timing, and texture: a developmental psychologist goes transdisciplinary; 53. Longitudinal cohort research: sowing, nurturing, waiting, harvesting; 54. A conceptual and empirical bridge; 55. Follow the evidence, ignore the words; 56. The incredible shrinking conscious mind; 57. The scientific study of self-knowledge; Part V. Motivation and Emotion: How We Feel and What We Do; Section 1. Motivation: 58. The motivation for creativity; 59. Inner processes serve interpersonal functions; 60. Self-regulation; 61. Intrinsic motivation: the inherent tendency to be active; 62. Mindsets: from the classroom to the Middle East; 63. Whether you think you can or you think you can’t, you’re right; 64. Prevention and promotion motivations; 65. The letter to a friend that helped launch a career; 66. The empirical study of human autonomy using self-determination theory; 67. Behavioral self-regulation: a little optimism goes a long way; 68. The affective revolution of the 1980s; Section 2. Emotion: 69. Human aggression and violence; 70. Research on automatically elicited aggression; 71. The nature of emotion and the impact of affect; 72. The rediscovery of enjoyment; 73. Happiness is a virtue – good for you and good for the world!; Part VI. Social and Personality Processes: Who We Are and How We Interact; Section 1. Social Cognition: 74. Doing good by doing good research; 75. The incredible little shrinking man in the head; 76. Ethnocentrism and the optimal distinctiveness theory of social identity; 77. Psychology of gender: nature and nurture working together; 78. How warmth and competence inform your social life; 79. Two routes to persuasion; Section 2. Personal Relationships: 80. The ‘next one’; 81. Human mating strategies; 82. Love and sex in the marketplace; Section 3. Group and Cultural Processes: 83. Theory to develop a cooperative, just, and peaceful world; 84. The collective construction of self: culture, brain, and genes; 85. The personal is political … and historical and social and cultural; 86. The science of our better angels;

23

E di t e d by

Robert J. St er n berg, Sus a n T. Fisk e a n d Dona l d J. Foss

Scientists Ma k ing a Dif ference One Hu nd red E m i nent B eh av ior a l a nd Br a i n S cient i st s Ta l k about T hei r Most I mpor t a nt C ont r ibut ion s

Cover design: Andrew Ward

2016 228 x 152 mm 552pp 3 b/w illus.   978-1-107-12713-5 Hardback £64.99 / US$99.99 978-1-107-56637-8 Paperback £19.99 / US$34.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107127135

A First Course in Statistical Programming with R Second edition W. John Braun University of British Columbia, Vancouver

and Duncan J. Murdoch University of Western Ontario

A new edition of a bestselling text, this book provides a first course in programming for a broad range of students who need to work with data. Based on the open-source R statistical package, it introduces statistical graphics and numerical computing ideas such as simulation, optimization, and computational linear algebra. ‘For what has come to be called data analytics, R is a remarkable tour de force. Strong skills with R programming are needed to allow really effective use. Mastering the content of this carefully staged text is an excellent starting point for gaining those skills.’ John Maindonald, Australian National University, Canberra 2016 246 x 189 mm 230pp 40 b/w illus.  5 colour illus.  200 exercises   978-1-107-57646-9 Paperback £29.99 / US$44.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107576469

For regular email alerts visit www.cambridge.org/alerts

34389_Physics_prelims.indd 23

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24

Also of interest TEXTBOOK

HIGHLIGHT

TEXTBOOK

The Joy of Science

The New Cosmos

A Guide to MATLAB®

Seven Principles for Scientists Seeking Happiness, Harmony, and Success Roel Snieder

Answering Astronomy’s Big Questions David J. Eicher

Colorado School of Mines

Foreword by Alex Filippenko

For Beginners and Experienced Users Third edition Brian R. Hunt

and Jen Schneider

University of California, Berkeley

Boise State University, Idaho

Ronald L. Lipsman

A fascinating and spectacular exploration of the cosmos that provides readers with a definitive view of the latest discoveries.

University of Maryland, College Park

This book is aimed at researchers and graduate students in science, the social sciences, and engineering who are seeking to bring a spirit of joy into their workplace and beyond. The book covers seven habits of mind that help create more balanced, harmonious, and satisfying professional and personal lives. ‘In these times where scientists are under increasing pressure to prove their worth through metrics, this welcome book provides a refreshing perspective into how we might all find personal satisfaction and joy in playing the game of science.’ Julie Smith, Radford College, Canberra and Malcolm Sambridge, Australian National University, Canberra

Contents: Preface; Introduction; 1. Harmony; 2. Courage; 3. Vision; 4. Curiosity; 5. Listening; 6. Compassion; 7. Integrity; References.

Editor-in-Chief, Astronomy magazine

PROSE Award for Popular Science and Popular Mathematics 2016 – Honourable mention 2015 246 x 189 mm 295pp 90 colour illus.   978-1-107-06885-8 Hardback £19.99 / US$29.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107068858

Trusting Judgements How to Get the Best out of Experts Mark A. Burgman University of Melbourne

Even experienced experts can be biased and overconfident. This book explains how to ensure experts provide reliable scientific advice.

2016 228 x 152 mm 216pp 34 b/w illus.   978-1-107-14555-9 Hardback £49.99 / US$74.99 978-1-316-50900-5 Paperback £19.99 / US$29.99

2015 228 x 152 mm 214pp 56 b/w illus.  4 tables   978-1-107-11208-7 Hardback £54.99 / US$89.99 978-1-107-53102-4 Paperback £19.99 / US$34.99

For all formats available, see

For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107145559

www.cambridge.org/9781107112087

Truth or Truthiness

Successful Grant Proposals in Science, Technology, and Medicine

Distinguishing Fact from Fiction by Learning to Think Like a Data Scientist Howard Wainer National Board of Medical Examiners, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

The author evaluates the evidence, or lack thereof, supporting claims in many fields, with special emphasis in education. 2016 228 x 152 mm 232pp 52 b/w illus.  9 colour illus.  12 tables   978-1-107-13057-9 Hardback £19.99 / US$29.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107130579

A Guide to Writing the Narrative Sandra Oster

University of Maryland, College Park

and Jonathan M. Rosenberg University of Maryland, College Park

Now in its third edition, this outstanding textbook explains everything you need to get started using MATLAB®. Review of previous edition: ‘Major highlights of the book are completely transparent examples of classical yet always intriguing mathematical, statistical, engineering, economics, and physics problems. In addition, the book explains a seamless use with Microsoft Word for integrating MATLAB® outputs with documents, reports, presentations, or other on-line processes. Advanced topics with examples include: Monte Carlo simulation, population dynamics, and linear programming. Overall, it is an outstanding textbook, and, likewise, should be an integral part of the technical reference shelf for most IT professionals. It is a great resource for wherever MATLAB® is available!’ ACM Ubiquity

Contents: Preface; 1. Getting started; 2. MATLAB basics; 3. Interacting with MATLAB; Practice Set A. Algebra and arithmetic; 4. Beyond the basics; 5. MATLAB graphics; 6. MATLAB programming; 7. Publishing and M-books; Practice Set B. Math, graphics, and programming; 8. MuPAD; 9. Simulink; 10. GUIs; 11. Applications; Practice Set C. Developing your MATLAB skills; 12. Troubleshooting; Solutions to the practice sets; Glossary; Index.

and Paul Cordo

2014 247 x 174 mm 330pp 165 b/w illus.  25 tables  40 exercises   978-1-107-66222-3 Paperback £39.99 / US$74.99

Oregon Health Sciences University

For all formats available, see

A practical guide to writing scientific grant proposal narratives, with indepth examples covering content, organisational alternatives, phrasing and argumentation.

www.cambridge.org/9781107662223

Oster-Edits, Oregon

2015 228 x 152 mm 387pp 6 b/w illus.  20 tables   978-1-107-03809-7 Hardback £62.00 / US$93.00 978-1-107-65930-8 Paperback £30.99 / US$45.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107038097

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Also of interest Funding your Career in Science From Research Idea to Personal Grant Ritsert C. Jansen Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, The Netherlands

A practical guide to optimising funding opportunities for establishing or consolidating a successful research career in science. 2013 228 x 152 mm 216pp 15 b/w illus.   978-1-107-04006-9 Hardback £51.00 / US$82.00 978-1-107-62417-7 Paperback £18.99 / US$30.99 For all formats available, see

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TEXTBOOK

Statistics Explained An Introductory Guide for Life Scientists Second edition Steve McKillup Central Queensland University

This book provides straightforward conceptual explanations of statistical methods for the life sciences, specially designed for students lacking a strong mathematical background. ‘Every so often, a researcher or teacher comes across a book and exclaims ‘I wish I had had a book like this when I started!’ … Statistics Explained is such a book. Steve McKillup writes with empathy for students’ anxiety about statistics. He replaces complex-looking formulae with graphics and realistic examples. He is a biologist writing for fellowbiologists … [The book] explains why the statistical test is needed before describing the test. Essential features of good survey and experimental design are clearly outlined … This is not ‘just another biostatistics textbook’. Its sheer readability will restore confidence to the most anxious student while experienced researchers will savour the clarity of the explanations of the common univariate and multivariate analyses … an ideal core text for anyone teaching or studying biostatistics …’ Andrew Boulton, University of New England, Australia

Contents: Preface; 1. Introduction; 2. Doing science: hypotheses, experiments and disproof; 3. Collecting and displaying data; 4. Introductory concepts of experimental design; 5. Doing science responsibly and ethically; 6. Probability helps you make a decision about your results; 7. Probability explained; 8. Using the normal distribution to make statistical decisions; 9. Comparing the means of one and two samples of normally distributed data; 10. Type 1 and Type 2 error, power

and sample size; 11. Single factor analysis of variance; 12. Multiple comparisons after ANOVA; 13. Two-factor analysis of variance; 14. Important assumptions of analysis of variance, transformations and a test for equality of variances; 15. More complex ANOVA; 16. Relationships between variables: correlation and regression; 17. Regression; 18. Analysis of covariance; 19. Non-parametric statistics; 20. Nonparametric tests for nominal scale data; 21. Non-parametric tests for ratio, interval or ordinal scale data; 22. Introductory concepts of multivariate analysis; 23. Choosing a test; Appendix: critical values of chi-square, t and F; References; Index.

25

of parametric and nonparametric statistical ideas, give their take on the unreasonable effectiveness of statistics and machine learning in the context of a series of clear, historically informed examples.’ Andrew Gelman, Columbia University, New York Institute of Mathematical Statistics Monographs, 5

2016 228 x 152 mm 492pp 5 b/w illus.  40 colour illus.  50 tables   978-1-107-14989-2 Hardback £45.99 / US$74.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107149892

2011 228 x 152 mm 420pp 199 b/w illus.  102 tables  51 exercises   978-1-107-00551-8 Hardback £64.99 / US$110.00 978-0-521-18328-4 Paperback £29.99 / US$34.99 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9781107005518

Cosmic Magnetic Fields Philipp P. Kronberg University of Toronto

Magnetic fields are important in the Universe and their effects contain the key to many astrophysical phenomena. Written for graduate students and researchers, this book presents an up-todate overview of this fast-growing topic and will inspire readers to devise new ways of thinking about magnetic fields in space. Cambridge Astrophysics, 53

2016 247 x 174 mm 294pp 84 b/w illus.   978-0-521-63163-1 Hardback £89.99 / US$140.00 For all formats available, see

www.cambridge.org/9780521631631

Computer Age Statistical Inference Algorithms, Evidence, and Data Science Bradley Efron Stanford University, California

and Trevor Hastie Stanford University, California

Computing power has revolutionized the theory and practice of statistical inference. This book delivers a concentrated course in modern statistical thinking by tracking the revolution from classical theories to the large-scale prediction algorithms of today. Anyone who applies statistical methods to data will benefit from this landmark text. ‘How and why is computational statistics taking over the world? In this serious work of synthesis that is also fun to read, Efron and Hastie, two pioneers in the integration

eBooks available at www.cambridge.org/ebookstore

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26

Index 0-9 200 More Puzzling Physics Problems......20 2D Materials............................................1 3264 and All That...................................10

A Advanced Analytical Dynamics................20 Advanced Concepts in Particle and Field Theory.................................................13 Advances in Disordered Systems, Random Processes and Some Applications........................................10 Aksenov, Alexey G..................................14 Amendola, Luca.....................................15 Ammon, Martin......................................11 Arkani-Hamed, Nima..............................10 Art of Electronics, The.............................20 Ashtekar, Abhay.....................................15 Astrophysical Applications of Gravitational Lensing...........................15 Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy.......10 Atoms and Molecules Interacting with Light.....................................................9 Attwood, David........................................8 Avouris, Phaedon.....................................1

B Bailer-Jones, Coryn A. L...........................19 Baker, Roger C........................................17 Barabási, Albert-László.............................6 Barnes, Luke A........................................21 Barrow, John D.......................................21 Barthelemy, Marc.....................................5 Bell, Mary................................................5 Bennett, David J.....................................22 Berger, Beverly K....................................15 Bhattacharjee, Amitava...........................16 Bigio, Irving J............................................9 Boric-Lubecke, Olga..................................7 Borodin, Alexei.......................................12 Bourjaily, Jacob......................................10 Brambilla, Massimo..................................8 Braun, W. John.......................................23 Brownian Ratchets...................................7 Bubble and Foam Chemistry.....................2 Burgess, David.......................................16 Burgman, Mark A...................................24 Buscher, David F........................................9

C Cachazo, Freddy.....................................10 Cai, Wei...................................................4 Carpenter, J. M.........................................3 Cecotti, Sergio........................................11 Ceperley, David M....................................2 Chamcham, Khalil..................................21 Chaotic Dynamics...................................18 Chen, Sow-Hsin........................................3 Chiribella, Giulio.......................................4 Chubb, Jennifer........................................5 Classical and Quantum Thermal Physics..20 Clavin, Paul............................................17 Coecke, Bob.............................................4 Cohen, Marvin L.......................................2 Coleman, Piers.........................................3 Colinge, Jean-Pierre..................................2 Collisionless Shocks in Space Plasmas.....16

34389_Physics_prelims.indd 26

Combustion Thermodynamics and Dynamics............................................17 Combustion Waves and Fronts in Flows..17 Complex Networks...................................5 Computer Age Statistical Inference.........25 Conformal Methods in General Relativity.14 Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Matter..................18 Contucci, Pierluigi..................................10 Cooper, Leon N.......................................22 Cordo, Paul............................................24 Cosmic Magnetic Fields..........................25 Cosmic Rays and Particle Physics............14 Costello, Kevin.......................................12 Cubero, David..........................................7

D D’Ariano, Giacomo Mauro........................4 Daivis, Peter J...........................................5 Dark Energy...........................................15 Davidson, P. A.........................................16 Davies, Paul C. W....................................21 Dawid, Richard.......................................22 De Sapio, Vincent...................................20 Deconstructing Cosmology.....................14 Di Castro, Carlo........................................3 Dickison, Mark E......................................6 Dine, Michael.........................................13 Discrete Systems and Integrability...........18 Dodelson, Scott......................................13 Donnelly, T. W.........................................12 Dynamics...............................................18 Dynamics of Quantised Vortices in Superfluids............................................2

E Efron, Bradley.........................................25 Eicher, David J........................................24 Eisenbud, David.....................................10 Elements of Slow-Neutron Scattering........3 Ellis, George F. R.....................................21 Elvang, Henriette....................................11 Emergence of Life, The..............................6 Engel, Ralph...........................................14 Erdmenger, Johanna...............................11 Eskandarian, Ali.......................................5 Expanding Universe, The.........................15

F Factorization Algebras in Quantum Field Theory.................................................12 Fainman, Yeshaiahu..................................7 Fantini, Sergio..........................................9 Fernow, Richard C...................................12 Filippenko, Alex......................................24 First Course in Statistical Programming with R, A.............................................23 Fiske, Susan T.........................................22 Fleisch, Daniel........................................21 Flow Measurement Handbook................17 Formaggio, J. A.......................................12 Fortunate Universe, A.............................21 Foss, Donald J.........................................22 Foundations of Ergodic Theory................11 Foundations of High-Energy-Density Physics................................................15 Foundations of Nuclear and Particle Physics................................................12 Franz, Uwe...............................................5

From Matter to Life................................21 Fundamentals of Condensed Matter Physics..................................................2 Fundamentals of Sum-Frequency Spectroscopy.........................................9 Fundamentals, Properties, and Applications of Polymer Nanocomposites....................................1 Funding your Career in Science...............25

G Gaisser, Thomas K...................................14 Galtier, Sébastien...................................16 Gao, Shan................................................5 García-Matos, Marta................................8 Garzón, Francisco...................................15 Gas Dynamics of Explosions, The.............18 Gauge/Gravity Duality............................11 General Relativity and Gravitation...........15 Getting into Graduate School in the Sciences..............................................22 Ghiaasiaan, S. Mostafa...........................17 Giardinà, Cristian...................................10 Gnädig, Péter.........................................20 Gödel ‘96...............................................15 Goncharov, Alexander............................10 Goodson, Geoffrey R..............................18 Goodstein, David....................................21 Grassmannian Geometry of Scattering Amplitudes..........................................10 Gravitational Lensing..............................13 Gravity and Strings.................................11 Greer, James C..........................................2 Griffiths, David J.......................................4 Gu, Qing..................................................7 Gubernatis, J. E.........................................2 Guide to MATLAB®, A...........................24 Guided Tour of Mathematical Methods for the Physical Sciences, A..................19 Gurnett, Donald A..................................16 Gustavii, Björn.......................................22 Gwilliam, Owen......................................12

H Hadrons at Finite Temperature................13 Hájek, Petr.............................................15 Harizanov, Valentina.................................5 Harris, Joe..............................................10 Hastie, Trevor.........................................25 Hayes, Thomas C.....................................19 Heacox, William D..................................15 Heinz, Tony F............................................1 Hietarinta, J............................................18 Hill, Christian.........................................16 Hill, Winfield..........................................20 Hodges, Dewey H...................................18 Holographic Duality in Condensed Matter Physics.......................................2 Holstein, B. R..........................................12 Honyek, Gyula........................................20 Horowitz, Paul.................................. 19, 20 How to Write and Illustrate a Scientific Paper..................................................22 Huang, Yongxiang..................................18 Huang, Yu-tin.........................................11 Huang, Zhirong........................................7 Hübsch, Tristan.......................................13 Hunt, Brian R..........................................24 Hutchinson, Ian H...................................17

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Index I

M

Imperfections in Crystalline Solids.............4 Instantons and Large N..........................11 Interacting Electrons.................................2 Introduction to Cosmology.....................14 Introduction to Magnetohydrodynamics.. 16 Introduction to Many-Body Physics...........3 Introduction to Modern Magnetohydrodynamics.......................16 Introduction to Plasma Physics................16 Introduction to Quantum Mechanics.........4 Introduction to the AdS/CFT Correspondence..................................11 Introduction to Vectors, Vector Operators and Vector Analysis, An........................10 Isenberg, James......................................15

MacCallum, Malcolm..............................15 Magnani, Matteo.....................................6 Mahoney, Terence J.................................15 Mallik, Samirnath...................................13 Maragò, Onofrio M...................................8 Mariño, Marcos......................................11 Martin, Richard M....................................2 Maxwell’s Enduring Legacy.....................20 McKillup, Steve.......................................25 Mechanics, Waves and Thermodynamics.11 Mediavilla, Evencio.................................15 Medical and Biological Microwave Sensors and Systems.............................7 Mermin, N. David...................................20 Metcalf, Harold.........................................9 Methods in Molecular Biophysics..............6 Miller, G.................................................19 Milner, R. G............................................12 Modern Elementary Particle Physics........12 Modern Techniques of Surface Science......1 Morowitz, Harold J...................................6 Mostafanezhad, Isar.................................7 Multilayer Social Networks.......................6 Muñoz, Jose A........................................15 Murdoch, Duncan J.................................23

J Jain, Sudhir Ranjan.................................11 Jansen, Ritsert C.....................................25 Jennings, Richard C.................................22 Joag, Pramod S.......................................10 Jones, Bernard J. T...................................14 Jones, Philip H..........................................8 Joshi, N..................................................18 Joy of Science, The..................................24

K Kakkar, Rita............................................10 Kane, Gordon.........................................12 Kawashima, N..........................................2 Kim, Kwang-Je.........................................7 Kinnaman, Laura....................................21 Kissinger, Aleks.........................................4 Koo, Joseph H...........................................1 Kosso, Peter...........................................21 Krishan, Vinod........................................16 Kronberg, Philipp P.................................25 Kroon, Juan A. Valiente...........................14

L La Porta, Caterina.....................................6 Larsen, Jon.............................................15 Latora, Vito..............................................5 Learning Scientific Programming with Python................................................16 Learning the Art of Electronics................19 Lectures on Quantum Mechanics............11 Lee, John H. S.........................................18 Lemons, Don S........................................19 Lewis, Geraint F......................................21 Lin, Jenshan.............................................7 Lindberg, Ryan.........................................7 Lipsman, Ronald L..................................24 Liquid Cell Electron Microscopy.................8 Littlewood, P. B.........................................1 Liu, Jia-Ming............................................8 Liu, Yan....................................................2 Logic and Algebraic Structures in Quantum Computing.............................5 Loong, C.-K..............................................3 Louie, Steven G.........................................2 Low, Tony.................................................1 Lugiato, Luigi...........................................8 Luisi, Pier Luigi.........................................6 Lyapunov Exponents...............................18

N Năstase, Horaţiu.....................................11 Nanostructures and Nanotechnology........3 Nanowire Transistors................................2 Natelson, Douglas....................................3 Nath, Pran.............................................11 Network Science......................................6 New Cosmos, The...................................24 Nicosia, Vincenzo.....................................5 Nijhoff, F. W............................................18 Nix, William D..........................................4 Nonequilibrium Molecular Dynamics.........5 Nonlinear Optical Polarization Analysis in Chemistry and Biology.......................8 Nonlinear Optical Systems........................8 Numerical Analysis for Engineers and Scientists.............................................19

O Oliveira, Krerley......................................11 Olshanski, Grigori...................................12 Optical Tweezers......................................8 Origin and Nature of Life on Earth, The.....6 Ortín, Tomás...........................................11 Oster, Sandra..........................................24

P Paolucci, S..............................................18 Particle Physics of Brane Worlds and Extra Dimensions.................................13 Perinotti, Paolo.........................................4 Philosophy of Cosmology, The.................21 Physics of Cancer, The...............................6 Physics of Electronic Materials..................1 Physics of Partially Ionized Plasmas.........16 Picturing Quantum Processes....................4 Pikovsky, Arkady.....................................18 Politi, Antonio........................................18 Pósfai, Márton.........................................6 Postnikov, Alexander...............................10 Powers, Joseph M...................................17

27

Practical Bayesian Inference....................19 Practical Optical Interferometry.................9 Prasad, R................................................20 Prati, Franco.............................................8 Precision Cosmology..............................14 Principles of Magnetostatics...................12 Principles of Photonics..............................8 Privault, Nicolas.......................................5 Probability on Real Lie Algebras................5 Proukakis, N. P..........................................1 Pugh, Robert J..........................................2 Python for Scientists...............................19

Q Quantitative Biomedical Optics.................9 Quantum Information Theory....................4 Quantum Monte Carlo Methods...............2 Quantum Nonlocality and Reality..............5 Quantum Theory from First Principles........4

R Raimondi, Roberto...................................3 Rammer, Jørgen.......................................1 Raychaudhuri, Sreerup............................13 Reining, Lucia...........................................2 Relativistic Kinetic Theory.......................14 Relles, Noelle J.......................................22 Renzoni, Ferruccio....................................7 Representations of the Infinite Symmetric Group.................................12 Resconi, Elisa.........................................14 Riley, Ken...............................................20 Roithmayr, Carlos M...............................18 Rosenberg, Jonathan M..........................24 Ross, Frances M........................................8 Rossi, Luca...............................................6 Russo, Giovanni........................................5 Ryden, Barbara.......................................14

S Sakdinawat, Anne....................................8 Sanders, Robert H...................................14 Sarkar, Sourav........................................13 Saunders, Simon.....................................21 Scattering Amplitudes in Gauge Theory and Gravity..........................................11 Scattering Methods in Complex Fluids......3 Schalm, Koenraad.....................................2 Schmidt, Brian........................................21 Schmitt, François G.................................18 Schneider, Jen........................................24 Scholer, Manfred....................................16 Science and Human Experience...............22 Scientists Making a Difference................22 Scott, Robert B.......................................14 Searby, Geoff..........................................17 Seeman, Nadrian C...................................7 Semiconductor Nanolasers.......................7 Serdyuk, Igor N.........................................6 Shen, Y. R.................................................9 Silk, Joseph............................................21 Simpson, Garth J......................................8 Singular Universe and the Reality of Time, The.............................................22 Smith, Eric................................................6 Smolin, Lee............................................22 Snieder, Roel.................................... 19, 24 Snoke, D. W..............................................1 Sonin, Edouard B......................................2

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28

Index Sridhar, K...............................................13 Statistical Mechanics and Applications in Condensed Matter.............................3 Statistics Explained.................................25 Sternberg, Robert J.................................22 Stewart, John M.....................................19 Stochastic Analysis of Scaling Time Series..................................................18 String Theory and the Scientific Method..22 Structural DNA Nanotechnology...............7 Structure and Dynamics of Cities, The........5 Student’s Guide to Dimensional Analysis, A........................................................19 Student’s Guide to Numerical Methods, A........................................................17 Student’s Guide to Waves, A...................21 Student’s Manual for A First Course in General Relativity, A............................14 Sturdivant, S. Kersey...............................22 Successful Careers beyond the Lab.........22 Successful Grant Proposals in Science, Technology, and Medicine....................24 Sun, Ya-Wen.............................................2 Supersymmetric Field Theories................11 Supersymmetry and String Theory...........13 Supersymmetry, Supergravity, and Unification..........................................11 Surrow, B...............................................12

34389_Physics_prelims.indd 28

Synchrotron Radiation and Free-Electron Lasers...................................................7

T Tartaglia, Piero.........................................3 Theory of Inelastic Scattering and Absorption of X-rays..............................4 Thermal Physics......................................21 Thompson, Ian.......................................19 Todd, Billy D.............................................5 Torner, Lluís..............................................8 Trnka, Jaroslav........................................10 Trusting Judgements...............................24 Truth or Truthiness..................................24 Tsujikawa, Shinji....................................15 Two-Phase Flow, Boiling, and Condensation......................................17

van Wijk, Kasper....................................19 Vereshchagin, Gregory V.........................14 Viana, Marcelo.......................................11 Vigh, Máté.............................................20 Volpe, Giovanni........................................8

W Wainer, Howard......................................24 Walker, Sara Imari..................................21 Weinberg, Steven...................................11 Werner, P..................................................2 What Goes Up ... Gravity and Scientific Method...............................................21 Why Quark Rhymes with Pork.................20 Wilde, Mark M.........................................4 Wonders of Light, The...............................8 Woodruff, D. Phil......................................1

U

X

Understanding Maple.............................19 Unger, Roberto Mangabeira....................22 Universal Themes of Bose-Einstein Condensation........................................1

X-Rays and Extreme Ultraviolet Radiation.8

V van der Straten, Peter...............................9 van Veenendaal, Michel............................4

Z Zaanen, Jan.............................................2 Zaccai, Joseph..........................................6 Zaccai, Nathan R......................................6 Zapperi, Stefano.......................................6

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Notes

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