THESIS REPORT ON
NATIONAL OCEANARIUM MIRAMAR BEACH, PANAJI, GOA THESIS -2013-14
FACULTY OF ARCHITECTURE, INTEGRAL UNIVERSITY KURSI ROAD, LUCKNOW Project Guide-
AR. POOJA SINGH ABU SAFWAN B.ARCH 4TH YEAR
DEDICATION My thesis is dedicated to the most important person in my life â€œMY FATHER & MY MOTHERâ€? Who is always there whenever I need him, without his constant money generation this THESIS would never have been completed and without constant compelling to make me study I would never have been admitted to this institution
DECLARATION This is to certify that the thesis, entitled “NATIONAL OCEANARIUM PANAJI, GOA” which is submitted me in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of Bachelor Degree in Architecture of Integral University, Lucknow, comprises only my original work and due acknowledgement has been made in the text to all other material used. The thesis has not been submitted for the award of any other degree. Date:
ABU SAFWAN Student
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I am thankful to ALLAH almighty with whose blessings and mercy I was able to complete this thesis. It is a good fortune and a matter of pride and privilege for me to have the esteemed supervision of Architect Miss Pooja Singh (thesis guide) , who has inculcated in me the interest and inspiration to undertake this project of â€œNATIONAL OCEANARIUM PANAJI, GOAâ€? It is only his personal influence, expert guidance and bondless support that enabled me to complete the work in the present form. I immensely owe much more to him that I can express inwards for his never failing inspiration and above all sympathy and benevolence in attitude. I consider it my pleasant duty to express my deepest gratitude to him. I shall also like to thank our Head Of Department Architect Mr. Khurram Ashraf ,for their encouragement, worthwhile suggestions and constructive criticism throughout project work. I would also like to thank my senior Ar Mohammad Nasir, my friends Mr.Huzaifa, Mr. Shah Faishal my juniors Swetab (S3), Junaid, Shabaz, Mujahid, Afreen, Nafees, Anwer Jamal, and my classmates who helped me in the completion of this thesis. Finally, I express my infinite indebtedness to my parents, for their love, and affection, and giving me enthusiastic inspiration at every stage of my project work. Without their love, blessing and sacrifices, I would probably have never succeeded in carrying through this project work.
This is to certify that the thesis, entitled “NATIONAL OCEANARIUM PANAJI, GOA” which is submitted by “ABU SAFWAN” in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of Bachelor Degree in Architecture of Integral University, Lucknow is carried out by him under my supervision. Date: AR. POOJA SINGH Thesis guide
Dean and Head
Seal AR. SANGEETA SHARMA Thesis Coordinator
AR. FARHAT ALI Thesis Co Coordinator
ABSTRACT This report discussed the various design issues and research considerations study throughout the year. The proposed project is a National Oceanarium located at the Miramar beach, Panaji, Goa. The project has been selected keeping in view the need for an aquarium building to attract more tourist and visitors. Before proceeding with the actual design and plan, an insight is given to the climate conditions and tourism in Goa to give easier and connecting information to the project. It nearly covers all the major issues and requirements of any aquarium building. It not only contains different kinds and sizes of aquarium displays but also cover the educational, entertainment, research, fun, and recreational aspects. The building has been designed such that it covers the function as well as aesthetical appearance in an attractive way. It is beautiful mixture of aquarium, display, model, rest area, traditional area, cafĂŠ, shops, pool, underwater acrylic tunnel, ocean pavilion, and apart from the oceanarium building the project also holds recreational activities such as scuba diving dolphin performance show and ocean motion theatre. The proposed oceanarium will be a pleasant addition to develop the tourism and beauty of Goa, and also fulfills the recreation and entertainment needs of people of India and abroad .
CONTENTS 1. Introduction
5. Area Analysis
2. Site Analysis & Climate Study
3. Literature Study 4. Case Study
7. Drawings 8. Biography
THE OCEANARIUM “Until he extends his circle of compassion to all living things, man will not himself find peace”. Albert Schweitzer. 2.1-DEFINITION: OCEANARIUM: An Oceanarium can be a marine mammal park as well as large scale aquarium presenting an ocean habitat with marine life. An aquarium simulates a water habitat; for instance a river lake or sea; but only the submerged area of these natural habitats. “Establishments where collection of living aquatic animals and plants are exhibited or studied.” An object or place in which aquatic animals, principally fish are kept captive for public or private exhibition” Saltwater aquarium for displaying animals and plant, particularly oceanic, or pelagic , fishes and mammals. It serves as a center for public entertainment and education and scientific study oceanariums are located in coastal areas. The world largest oceanarium, now know as marineland (q.v), was completed in 1938 near st. Augustine, fla.,u.s Above are a few dictionary taken definitions of an oceanarium ,as far as public oceanarium are concerned they can be defined as “a building used for showing collections of living fish water animals and plants”. 2.2-PROJECT: The project is about the development of an “oceanarium”. As the name indicates, it is related to the under water. 2.3-PURPOSE AND NEED: 2.3.1-Purpose: public oceanarium serves the purpose of recreation as well as education, or it provides a platform for education through entertainment. Human beings believe in the theory of out of sight out of mind providing a window towards the water world will some, how create a soft corner for the species living there and will motivate us not to harm there habitat. For researchers and research institutes it provides vast research possibilities, which is not only beneficial for them but also helps provide conversation possibilities for the species.
2.3.2-NEED: Living along the coastline brings the inhabitants with close contact to the sea every now and then. Around the world we see development around the coasts small islands countries earn a lot of money from tourism due to this coastal development. The reason is the sea; the beaches are an attraction all around the world people through to beaches during vacations Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand etc. are the finest example of this. They realized the importance of the force of the sea and developed their waterfronts to the international standards. An oceanarium is as an essential part of this sea front development as it tells us that how beauty lies within this enigmatic sea. it is in itself a sea enclosed within an edifice. It also helps the research work going on regarding the sea and its creature. Conversation of species is the slogan of the oceanariums around the world. The need for an oceanarium is stressed; as it is not just a recreational spot it is a research platform from where extensive researches on flora and fauna is conducted. 2.3-SCOPE OF PROJECT: India is surrounded by sea on 3 side and has a large coastline on the southern side in the Arabian sea. Rich in marine life countless marine species. Marine life is one of the most important resource of the country and there is an increasing demand for the development and conservation of our marine wealth. There is no state of art facility available in the country for the appropriate scientific research and awareness. Help develop tourism. 2.4-PROJECT FACILITIES: OCEANARIUM is a place where you can get to know and see the marine life and all its beautiful and stunning aspects more closely. It includes all the usual and special features to make it successful and attract and amuse visitors. Basically it consist of an underwater aquarium with a unique and thrilling acrylic tunnel. An under water seafood restaurant that has a large central round water tank. An aqua museum that displays different species of fishes, invertebrates and also provide history and knowledge about them. So it does not only provide entertainment related to marine life but also covers a wide range of educational aspects and some research the water world but also seek and learn knowledge. The most entertaining facility is the acrylic tunnel built under water. So it provides the visitor with a unique atmosphere. Along with these informative aspects, the OCEANARIUM also provides its visitors with recreational facilities like scuba diving, an ocean motion theatre, water jet skies, sub marine ride. It also has a dolphin pool, where dolphin shows are arranged to entertain the visitors. Also has a touch pool where one can touch and feel the harmless creatures.
The most exciting and modern facility is that of an Oceanarium, which is a manned submarine. It is an ocean motion theatre, a movie theatre that imparts a feeling of really being underwater. Thus an OCEANARIUM is a place complete in itself, where one can enjoy how it feels being under water without going through the learning process of scuba diving and the fear of oxygen! 2.5-ZONES OF OCEANARIUM: OCEANARIUM basically covers the following three zones of facilities: •Entertainment facilities, •Educational facilities, •Fun and recreational facilities, •Research facilities. 2.5.1-ENTERTAINMENT FACILITIES: For this purpose the OCEANARIUM has an “underwater aquarium” which is the primary factor of this project. 1-An underwater Aquarium: This is not an ordinary aquarium but it provides its visitors with a unique and fascinating environment. It comprises of large coral reef tanks and several other glass cases and aquariums to enjoy the sea life, Figure 2.1-UNDERWATER TUNNEL displaying all varieties and species of idishes, reptiles, amphibians, sea plants etc. it also includes a several feet long acrylic tunnel through which one can move around and see the marine world very closely. Under water tunnel: 2-Acrylic tunnel: The acrylic tunnel will be a nearly 350 feet long winding path. It will be made of a semi circular acrylic through which the visitors can see the water world and fishes at just a few centimeters distance! The acrylic tunnel will be nearly 4 meters high and 2 meters wide. At one side of the tunnel be a conveyor belt or a moving travelator at particular distances. So the visitors can just stand on the belt and go around the tunnel at a desirable slow speed.
3- Constructional details: Just like any other tunnel, the sidewalls are made up of concrete, nearly three feet high. The AC ducts are fixed on the sides and have inlets on it. As the name indicates the tunnel is made up of acrylic glass, a special kind of glass mostly used for display tanks and tunnels nowadays. The glass is heated at a certain temperature and is curved as requires. These panels are then fixed over the concrete wall with the help of clamps and sealant glues. Each acrylic panel is about one meter in length and is joined with the help of a special marine sealant, or are welded together, or joined with a metal strip tightened by nuts and bolts. The thickness of the glass depends upon the volume of the tanks and the water. Handrails are provided at both ends for safety and comfort. 4-Aquarium displays: The aquarium displays are spread throughout the building in all floors. These aquariums not only contain fishes but also reptiles, invertebrates and amphibians, thus providing a wide variety. These are not just the simple usual types of aquarium but are designed with new methods and techniques, thus allowing the aquariumâ€™s viewing acrylic panel to be arranged in different sizes and forms. This gives a break to the continuity of the aquariums and Adds to the interest of visitors. Also the circulation area for the visitors is such provided that it does not follow a same route or straight lines, but the interest to move around is enhanced with curved pathways and varying widths of the corridor. This does not only break the continuity but also and saves the visitors from following the same route. The aquarium displays have the following galleries:
Figure 2.2 AQUARIUM DISPLAY
•Central coral reef tank: At the entrance of the oceanarium is the majestic vertical central coral reef tube, which extends to the other floors of the building as well. The magnifying effect of the narrow tube allows visitors to see the distinct features of the fishes as they swim past slowly. Beautiful golden and diamond trevallies, tarpon, squirrelfish and rainbow runners can be seen. There are also lots of smaller fishes, which orbit the impressive central rockwork. The vertical tank allows following the fishes to the upper stories to lead the visitors to more exhibits on other levels. •A touch pool: Where one can touch and stroke the banded-bamboo shark and feel their rough-textured skin as they glide past one’s skin! One can feel blue-spotted stingrays, nodular sea stars, banded-bamboo sharks and porcupine puffers, all harmless creatures. Its construction is carried out the same way as that for the turtles. All the harmless creatures are kept in a normal pool, with desirable temperature. Visitors especially kids can touch and feel the skins of the creatures!
Figure 2.3 CORAL REEF
•Fresh water section: It consists of fishes that thrive wholly in fresh water and which can grow up to eight feet in length. It does not only have the biggest fish also the most expensive fish in the world. Figure 2.4 TOUCH POOL
•Seashell display: Showcases more than 100 species of seashell from all over the world, in all sizes, shapes and shades, this gallery also consists of large shell models to add an interest and variety. •Fossil library: This gallery is made to discover the fascinating and spectacular fossils, which are over millions of years old. With its interesting documentation and informative light boxes, the fossil library provides with a unique educational environment.
Figure 2.5 SEASHELL DISPLAY
•Invertebrate’s section: Within the confines of specially built tanks, one will be able to encounter unusual and peculiar tiny sea creatures, which even keen divers tend to miss. •An undersea garden: A garden that is always moving! With colorful reef fishes and vividly colored corals. It will have a central coral reef tank with a corridor around it for the visitors to move around it and several other small and large aquariums all displaying the features of the garden.
Figure 2.8 UNDERWATER PLANTS
Figure 2.9 REEF COLONY
Figure 2.6 FOSSIL FISH
Figure 2.7 INVERTEBRATE
• A reef colony: To experience the wonders and beauty of sea animals! One can move around in this colony to get a full idea of the reef as a whole. • Coral fantasy: A flamboyant display of the rich variety of hard corals providing a natural habitat for colorful fishes etc. Figure 2.10 CORAL FANTASY • Deadly corridor: It is located at the top most floors in order to attract the visitors. To enter this gallery first a passageway has to be crossed and then one enters the gallery to meet some of the most deadly marine and fresh water animals in the world. One can stand face to face with a tank full of the notorious man eating piranhas. They are savage enough to attack any animal, including their own kind. • Shark nursery: To show the various interesting stages of hatching eggs of bred banded bamboo sharks. Catch a rare glimpse of the embryonic sharks as they develop within the tough horny egg cases. • Stingray cove: A large glass display panel to meet and greet face to face with the strange Stingrays. • The oyster section: This section holds a beauty of is own. It does not have a wide collection of oysters found deep inside the oceans, but also has several beautiful and close to reality models of oysters and the pearls found in them. This gallery has a uniqueness of its own. 2.5.2-The artificial ocean world: This world is developed in contrast with the entire aquarium building. Where the other aquariums have live and real fishes and animals, this artificial world depicts the marine world in artificial term. Use of fiberglass and plastics have been done in order to create models of fishes and sea animals, and are hung from fiber wires. At places nets have been spread along with the model displays of fisherman, showing fishing. Artificial models of corals, rock, sea plants, sea animals provide the visitors with a unique and soothing atmosphere.
2.5.3-The ocean pavilion: An exciting and new feature added in this oceanarium building is that of an ocean pavilion. It has a very different atmosphere from the rest of the aquarium life. Coming out of the world of fishes, this pavilion marls the four great galleries of the ocean world: •The mountain forest gallery •The ocean gallery •The coastal plain gallery •The coastal gallery •Mountain forest gallery I This gallery is unique and one of its kind. It fascinates the visitors by an artificial display of mountains, caves waterfalls, birds and otters etc. it gives a feeling as if one is in some forest enjoying its natural environment. ii The ocean gallery: This gallery depicts the sandy seafloor, deep ocean and rocky reef areas of the world. iii. The coastal plain gallery: This gallery has freshwater swamps and marshes, characterized by flood and draughts. It also shows a river swamp in flood condition, fresh water ponds also experience water levels. It has a large alligator exhibit as well. To depict the black water swamps, special effects are reproduced in order to replicate the sights, sounds, and atmosphere of a misty swamp at twilight. iv. The coastal gallery: This gallery depicts the tidal coastline. It has deep-water sounds and bays to tidal marshes. Waves tossed beaches and human models along the beachside add to the attractiveness and beauty of this gallery. 2.6-Shops and cafes: 1-The aquarium shop: Here visitors can pamper themselves with a large variety of small and large aquariums that can be displayed and installed at home. The shop keeper give you a guidebook for taking proper care of your aquarium and easy step-to-step guideline. One can select from a large variety of fishes, amphibians, corals, sea plants, stones etc to decorate their aquarium at home.
Figure 2.11 THE AQUARIUM SHOP
2-The gift shop: Pick up souvenirs featuring Tommy, oceanariums mascot, or other fishy souvenirs and locally made craft from well-socketed gift shop for ones self, relatives, family and friends. 3-The beach café and covered seating areas: A cafeteria has been provided outside the oceanarium building so that the visitors can enjoy food along the seashore and even inside the seating area provided at the head of the fish. This covered seating area has been provided with seating arrangements both inside and outside, with washroom facilities to make roaming around on the beach easier. The special feature of this seating area is large fountain at the center of the area. This fountain is designed such its outer most ring throw water on the same floor and inner rings of water pump the water to the other floors on top. The central cylinder having a pumps that pushes and throws the water to the top most floor, flowing out of the roof like a water streams running out a whale. 2.7-EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES: The OCEANARIUM also provides the visitors with the educational facilities so that they not only get entertainment but also get useful and interesting knowledge about the underwater world and learn the exciting hidden stories behind them. the following educational facilities will be provided: •An aqua museum •The fishing history •The fisher object •Discovery job
Figure 2.12 THE GIFT SHOP
Figure 2.13-THE BEACH CAFÉ AND COVERED SEATING AREA
Figure 2.18- AQUA MUSEUM
1-An aqua museum: A museum that is completely based on marine life providing the necessary entertainment and educational facilities to the visitors. It will have all the species of fishes, crabs, reptiles, amphibians, seaweeds and sea plants etc. The museum basically has an awesome and dazzling display of unusual marine animals and some interesting features about them, like sea horse, sea dragons, octopus etc. It gives a full informative knowledge about the entire marine life and how it is conserved and utilized. Figure 2.19-FISHING HISTORY
2-The fishing history: This gallery gives a short introduction about how fishing was started in the early days and how it was carried out in later years. It gives a detailed account of the various species of the fishes that were found earlier, coming to the present day. 3-The fishery objects: This gallery has alots of information and guidelines for the fishermen, and people who have to go fishing. It informs the visitors and interested people completely in order to give then a clear slight of how the fishing should be carried out and what objects, materials, clothing, and even what kind of food is given to the particular specie of fishes to net them.
Figure 2.20-THE FISHRY OBJECT
4-The discovery lab: This laboratory is specially designed for visitorâ€™s information in particular. Here the visitors can get a chance to learn about the behavior of different sea animals and fishes and even get to touch and feel them, and learn about their behavior. A small research work is also carried out in here; this lab is open to public as it is just a small part of research laboratory, designed for the visitors to explore the marine creatures. Figure 2.21-THE DISCOVERY LAB
2.8-FUN AND RECREATIONAL FACILITIES: These facilities include: •Ocean motion theatre •A turtle sanctuary • Dolphin pool •Scuba diving •Submarine ride •Jet skies 1-Ocean motion Theatre: The ocean motion theatre is just like a manned submarine. This amazing trip, which lasts 20 minutes, begins and ends at the oceanarium at Karachi. During this trip, the submarine offers its 150 passenger an unforgettable journey. The passengers are witness to fascinating natural marine phenomena, pass through uncharted areas and undergo a series of dangers and adventures on the way. At the end of the journey , they return safe and sound to the secure haven , since the oceanarium is in effect a motion theater ,a simulative movie theater that impart a real-life sense of “being there”. The 150 seats are built on platforms (10 seats per platform) that move up and down, till backward and forward, rotating right and left at up to 120 degree. In short, this extensive range of movement imparts a real feeling of a journey through the ocean. The situations and developments that occur within and around the submarine are projected onto three screens installed at the front of the hall. The hall itself features convincing scenery of the nautilus style with futuristic technology. These surroundings play an active part in the journey, by showing the effects of many dangers our submarine undergoes: the ceiling comes down upon the passengers’ heads, water enters the hall, and many more amazing phenomena occur. CONCEPT: The ocean motion theatre is an entertainment attraction, and is designed for family recreation, offering both youngsters and adults the fun, excitement and enriching experience of the wonderful underwater world. The ocean motion theatre is presented to audiences in English, coming over the loudspeakers and heard through special headphones.
A MULTI EFFECT EXPERIENCE: The ocean motion theatre experience affects many senses and is composed of the following elements; •A high quality movie projected on three large-scale screens (4x18m). Viewers enjoy a Seascapes that envelops them from right to left, and thus feel in the midst of this underwater view. • Moving seats that tilt in all directions, according to the motion of the submarine in the movie. •A computer program that coordinates the movement of the seats with the movement of the screens. •Several high-power and sophisticated amplification systems. •Special effects PRODUCING THE SHOW: The show is composed of 70% PRODUCING THE SHOW: The show is composed of 70% real-life pictures and 30% computerized animated pictures product via silicon graphics computers. For this special production, a unique three-lens camera enables the production of a breathtaking panoramic picture that is projected onto three immense screens at a total width of 18m and a height of 4m. 2-Turtle sanctuary: One can see turtles up close at the turtle sanctuary! Although turtles are very docile and somewhat shy but they do come up to the water for air and food. One can feed and even take photographs. The sanctuary placed inside the building is basically just like a normal pool. A real environment is provided to the turtles with the help of artificial rocks, pebbles, seaweeds, plants and corals etc. even sand is provided to make the turtles feel at home! The turtle’s move around freely and even come up for air. That is the time when can touch and feel them, and enjoy!
Figure 2.22 TURTLE SANCTUARY
3-Dolphin pool To have dolphin shows. A place where one can meet and greet the lovely dolphins and even feed them. This dolphin pool has a seating area for nearly 100 users at a time and different dolphin shows are carried out at different times. The hall basically consists of a large main pool where the dolphins perform .Other then that another smaller pool is provided where the dolphins actually live but is not visible to the visitors. This smaller pool is linked with the larger main pool with a tunnel in tunnel in between them under the water. The dolphins are first kept inside the smaller pool and when the shows start, the iron-gate at the tunnel is opened and they shift to the main pool for performance. The seats are arranged in step as in auditoriums for the comfort of the visitors to easily watch the show. 4-Scuba diving: To do the scuba diving by ones self with the help of a guides assistance. One can feel and see the underwater world more closely and have dreams Come true! The platform for scuba diving is provided at one end of the building. The whole area consists of: •Changing rooms •Equipment room •Guard room •Waiting area •Toilets 5-Submarine ride: Have an enjoyable ride under the sea and enjoy the colorful life of the sea through the magnified glass of the submarine! The submarine provides with a unique experience, which should not be missed. Diving in the sub marine is a once in a lifetime adventure offering the opportunity to see the world at some 40 meters depth. The submarine has some 20 seats. It is specifically designed to ensure the comfort and the best viewing of the passenger. The submarine safari dives down to a depth of 40 meters and even takes the cruise around the coral reef wall of the OCEANARIUM.
Figure 2.23- DOLPHIN POOL
Figure 2.25-SUBMARINE RIDS
6-Water jet skies: To have an adventurous ride on water bikes. The visitors are provided with five water jet skies to entertain the visitors and have a fast ride around the seawater. 2.9-RESEARCH FACILITIES: The project “oceanarium” also covers the research side in a small extent. It doesn’t have a very big research center of its own but has proper service and administrative sections to completely understand and conserve the marine life. It has the following portions: Aims and objectives Figure 2.26-WATER JET SKIES •Service floor •Quarantine areas •Water containers and pumps system •Research vessel and laboratories •Aims and objectives: 2.9.1-Protection of marine animals: Many of the problems stem from human development, such as factory pollutants, boats traffic and more. Research provides keys to fixing damage created by people to wild populations of marine animals. 2.9.2-Research: Research occurs in the field and at the aquarium and research exists with partnerships and independently. •In the field: year-around the aquarium participates in field research and assists scientist collecting data about wild populations. •At the aquarium: research is ongoing at aquarium labs and with display animals, by graduates students and staff. 1-Service floor: To promote basic research in all fields of the aquatic environment and provide comprehensive and technical support to the public on all aspects of the marine and fresh water environment. The mission of the Aquarium service floor is to conserve aquatic life through display and interpretation, education, research and direct action. Aquarium staff and volunteers have been involved in the creation of marine protected Area, beach clean-up, wetlands restorations and rehabilitations, and population surveys of marine mammals and intertidal fishes.
2-Quarantine Areas: These are the areas where the fishes and sea animals are kept right after they are brought. Such as environment is given to the animals so that they become easily used to the sort of water used in the aquarium displays. The animals are kept in these quarantine areas until they adapt to the living and feeding habits. These are further divided into several areas and several large and small tanks are kept here so that the different species can be looked after differently and if water in one quarantine tank becomes poisonous, then only the fishes in that tank are effected by it. This is done to stay on the safer side. 3-Water container and pumps system: •A large setup of water containers and pumps and filtration system is placed in the basement for the proper flow and water quality for the aquarium displays. Fisheries research and general support to the knowledge of the marine environment. •It will also include the accommodation for the scientist and the crew and will have berth cabins, rest rooms, kitchen, restaurant, dining area etc. It will comprise of the following labs: •General labs(chemistry , biology) •Wet labs •Primary productivity labs •Geological acoustic survey room •Electronic lab 2.10- project feasibility: To promote the conservation of marine life in Karachi, in an exciting and enjoyable feature is the underwater acrylic tunnel, a very modern and exciting way of displaying the sea life. It can be called as a modern aquarium. This types of an OCEANARIUM built almost anywhere proves to be a popular attraction. The success of the project greatly depends upon its site sites selection. Closer to the coastline, being a very beautiful, attractive and calm shore of Karachi Arabian Sea, it will prove to be the best site for this project. It is not only beautiful but also easily accessible. Tourism is one of the biggest income-regenerating factors in Karachi. And this project, being one of its kinds, has the ability to attract visitors from the entire world and be very helpful and useful in promoting and increasing the scope of tourism. Marine life is very colorful and has its own beauty but many of us are completely ignorant of this magnificent world. The development of an OCEANARIUM is to make it easy for everyone to see this world, get knowledge and be fascinated!
2.11-Form and structure: For the building construction the material has been carefully selected, keeping in view the modernism of that area. The basic construction is all carried out in concrete blocks. The major building elements in Karachi. The building has a normal concrete beams and slabs construction in the ground, first and other floors and a shell roof structure at the top resembling the shape of a fish. The form was carefully selected and requires a lot of study and research in shell structures. The building is placed along the coastline with a vast but calm Arabian sea running along. Thus the fish shapes of the building complements well with the surroundings, seeming as if there is a large fish coming out of the ocean and getting in again. The fish shape also integrates well with the basic planning requirements of the building, that it has and aquarium building. Whoever sees this building can quite notice that it has something to do with the fishes and marine life. 2.12-CONCLUSION: The term aquatic refer to water and its habitants, as the name implies, the oceanarium is classified in the four major parts, ie, Entertainment facilities, Educational facilities, Fun and recreational facilities, Research facilities. The project is about the development of an â€œoceanariumâ€?. As the name indicates, it is related to the under water. oceanarium serves the purpose of recreation as well as education, or it provides a platform for education through entertainment. Around the world we see development around the coasts small islands countries earn a lot of money from tourism due to this coastal development. The need for an oceanarium is stressed; as it is not just a recreational spot it is a research platform from where extensive researches on flora and fauna is conducted. Rich in marine life countless marine species. Marine life is one of the most important resource of the country and there is an increasing demand for the development and conservation of our marine wealth. . Rich in marine life countless marine species. Marine life is one of the most important resource of the country and there is an increasing demand for the development and conservation of our marine wealth. This is not an ordinary aquarium but it provides its visitors with a unique and fascinating environment. It comprises of large coral reef tanks and several other glass cases and aquariums to enjoy the sea life, Thus the fish shapes of the building complements well with the surroundings, he fish shape also integrates well with the basic planning requirements of the building, Whoever sees this building can quite notice that it has something to do with the fishes and marine life.
OCEANARIUM An oceanarium means underwater aquarium. It is like a natural theme park where one can see the marine creatures in their natural habitat. Many recreational activities can combine with the oceanarium to make it a complete recreational space for any age group. It is basically a saltwater aquarium for displaying marine animals & plants particularly oceanic, pelagic, fishes and mammals. It serves as a centre for public entertainment and education and scientific study. They are basically located in coastal areas The oceanarium is basically an edutainment attraction and is designed for family recreation, offering both youngsters and adults the fun, excitement and enriching experience of the wonderful underwater world.
It is an advance form of an aquarium, often located on the ocean or on a bay or river and features outdoor pools and aquatic environments that enable visitors to see large and small fish and other marine life from below the water surface. The underwater aquarium concept is a revolutionary concept in entertainment along with education which bases its drawing power on our natural human curiosity of other forms of animal life.
The modern concept of the term oceanarium is a gigantic aquarium- an artificial ocean habitat with all kinds of marine creatures, especially large ocean dwellers such as sharks and dolphins. It can basically be called as a marine mammal park. It is a commercial theme park or aquarium where marine mammals such as dolphins, beluga whales and sea lions are kept within water tanks and displayed to the public in special shows.
The proposal of the Marine World will base itself on the following criteria:1. Ecology:It will aim at the conservation of marine life and the ecological balance, which is disrupted by the activities of man. To not only protect the marine flora and fauna from dangers of extinction but also to create an environment conducive for its growth. 2. Education:A part of the program will aim at research and development of formal institution to impart Knowledge to students on the science of oceanography. The other part will aim at spreading awareness among the visitors through entertainment so that they have better understanding of marine life. An Oceanarium will be a means through which the conservation needs and duties can be made more popular. A visitor will leave the Oceanarium with much more respect for the life of holds. 3. Entertainment Not forgetting the needs of man the Oceanarium will propose to be a centre of recreation, entertainment and adventure, A habitat to revive the spirit of man.
Leisure Pavilion with restaurant and underwater vision
•Dolphin stadium A Dolphin stadium is an aquarium for dolphins. The dolphins are usually kept in a large pool, though occasionally they may be kept in pens in the open sea, either for research or for public performances. Some dolphinariums consist of one pool where dolphins perform for the public.
• The shark tank
• Touch Tanks
• Aquarium Films
• Secondary Pavilion • The artificial lake, musical fountain and open air forum Large aquarium
Swimming with fishes
• Ocean Science Center
SITE STUDY & CLIMATE
LOCATION ABOUT GOA– state: Goa, india Capital: Panaji Established: 1987 Area: 3,702 km2 (1,429 sq mi) Population: 1,457,723 (2011) Goa is located on the western coast of India in the coastal belt known as Konkan. it is bounded by the state of Maharastra to the north, and by Karnataka to the east and south, while the Arabian sea forms its western coast The magnificent scenic beauty and the architectural splendors of its temples, churches and old houses have made Goa favorite with travelers around the world
ABOUT PANAJI – Area : 3599 sq.km Population : 90,000 (2011) Established: 1843 Latitude : sea level Languages : Konkani, Marathi, Hindi, English Religion : Hinduism, Christianity, Islam PANAJI OR PANJIM is the capital of the Goa. It lies on the banks of the Mondovi Estuary in the district of north Goa. With a population of 65000 (A metropolitan population of 100,000 if suburbs are included). Panaji is Goa’s third largest city after Vasco & Mandgaon.
About Miramar BeachLying against the estuary of the river Mondovi, it is just 3 km from Panaji in the north of the state and 2 km away from Dona Paula. Also known as, Gasper Dias, it is a lovely golden beach of soft sand, occupied by a thick grove of shady palms, facing the blue Arabian Sea and forming a dense canopy over the area. the most captivating, view is created ,when this 2 km long coast of fine , soft & silvery sand bed sparkles in the moonlight. It is proposed site for oceanarium in yr 1998 to welcome tourist attraction . It is situated in city center along the sea on sand dune .it is 2km from kala academy which host the IFFI yearly .
Land use distribution in Miramar Commercial : Residential : Educational : Public building : Hotels : Religious : Hospitals :
22% 32% 19% 8% 12% 4% 3%
GEOGRAPHICAL CONDITION TOPOGRAPHY -
Sarda Mandir School
• the slop on site is towards the western side. •Highest level – 15 m (from sea level) • lowest level – 8 m (from sea level) •Road level – 15 m •The site consist mixture of alluvial and brown hilly soil which is fertile in nature. • the ravines get active in during the monsoon and dry up after that.
• Materials like, sandstone, limestone, clay local pebbles are easily available near site. • Sea help us to maintain the water table. • But underground water is not use for cooking and drinking propose. • Get perfect view of the Miramar beach from the site ( distance between site to sea is 80 m)
Site view Fore dune Fore dune Mid dune
30 m wide road
Goa Science Centre
GOA BYELAWS Name of authority – Government of Goa Development Authority Floor area ratio – 1.5 Front, Side and Rear Setbacks Front setback – 5 m (as respect to building type) Side and Rear Setbacks - 6m setback for 18 to 21m height Parking area - One space for 20 m2 of floor area (note – all the data collected through the GDA report) open spaces – 20 % of covered area Total plot area – 48,000 sq. m Built up area – 80,000 sq.m Ground coverage @ 25% – 8000 sq.m
Architecture in Goa The architecture of Goa is a combination of Indian, Islamic and Portuguese styles. Since the Portuguese ruled for four centuries, many churches and houses bear a striking element of the Portuguese style of architecture.
Sewage And Drainage
SERVICES Distance from site to ……
location KTC Bus Stand, Panaji
distance 4 km
Dabolim Airport Karmali railway station Tivim Railway Station Vasco Railway Station Nearest hotels
33 km 14 km 23km 33km 0 km
•Sewage and drainage supply present on site by the authority. •North to south (Dona Paula dumping station which is 2 km away).
Water Supply Site is served by two sources. • the main supply is from Mondovi river which is 1 km away. • an other supply is from Dona Paula which is 2 km away.
Electrical Supply •The electrical supply came from Panaji. •Under ground supply given by local authority •There are three phase of 11000 kv.
Telephone Line The telephone line came from Panaji.
Road •30 m wide road connected to Dona Paula to Panaji named is Dr. JACK DE SEQUEIRA ROAD • 2m wide Pathway is well maintained by Goa science center. •Divider is also maintained with road lighting. •Both side of road landscaping is done by Goa Science Center.
CLIMATE • Goa features a tropical monsoon climate under the Köppen climate classification. • Goa, being in the tropical zone and near the Arabian Sea, has a hot and humid climate for most of the year. • The month of May is the hottest, seeing day temperatures of over 35 °C (95 °F) coupled with high humidity. • The monsoon rains arrive by early June and provide a much needed respite from the heat. Most of Goa's annual rainfall is received through the monsoons which last till late September. • Goa has a short winter season between mid-December and February. • These months are marked by nights of around 21 °C (68 °F) and days of around 28 °C (84 °F) with moderate amounts of humidity. Further inland, due to altitudinal gradation, the nights are a few degrees cooler. • During March 2008 Goa was lashed with heavy rain and strong winds. This was the first time in 29 years that Goa had seen rain during March
Moisture Content & Rainfall : The moisture content in the fore dune is much higher compared to mid and hind dune . The maxi, moisture being at 1m depth in fore dune ,the mid dune has moisture till 20 cms in depth and the hind dune has very sparse flora so evaporation is maximum which results less moisture content . The average rainfall in this region is …325 cms……..
Geography Goa encompasses an area of 3,702 km2 . It lies between the latitudes 14°53′54″N and 15°40′00″ N and longitudes 73°40′33″ E and 74°20′13″ E.
Wind, Vegetation, Temperature
Wind is the one of the most important factor in movement formation and destruction of dune. The wind speed is not constant the irregularities in wind speed result change of dune structure. Temperature is about 20°C (68°F)@ night and warm days is about 29°C (84°F) Humidity remains in moderate amounts (88%). The nights are a few degrees cooler further inland, due to altitudinal gradation.
• The population has a growth rate of 14.9% per decade. • There are 363 people for each square kilometer of land. • Goa is the state with highest proportion of urban population with 49.76% of the population living in urban areas. • The sex ratio is 960 females to 1000 males. • The birth rate is 15.70 per 1,000 people in 2007.
Tourism Tourism is generally focused on the coastal areas of Goa. with decreased tourist activity inland. In 2010, there were more than two million tourists reported to have visited Goa, about 1.2 million of whom were from abroad. As of 2013
People And Culture
In spite of remaining under Portuguese control for so long, majority of the people in Goa are still Hindu. Though, strong catholic influences are visible everywhere in the art, culture, and society. The demography of the state started chaining after the coming of the Portuguese in the 15th century due to the spirit of the Propagating Catholicism they brought with them.
Flora And Fauna Equatorial forest cover in Goa stands at 1,424 km2 (549.81 sq mi), most of which is owned by the government. Government owned forest is estimated at 1,224.38 km2 (472.74 sq mi) whilst private is given as 200 km2 (77.22 sq mi)
GEORGIA AQUARIUM U.S. Introduction Date opened : November 23, 2005 Location : Atlanta, Georgia, U.S. Coordinates: 33°45′45″N 084°23′38″W Website : www.georgiaaquarium.org
The Georgia Aquarium (Atlanta, Georgia) houses 120,000 animals, representing 500 species, in 8.5 million US gallons (32,000 m3) of marine and fresh water; it was the world's largest aquarium when it opened in 2005
.the six diff.galleries: 1 Georgia explore, 2.tropical driver, 3.ocean voyager,4.cold-water,5.river scout,6.dolphin tales
.the site plan consist of a single building in a 20 acres of land surrounded by a mix landscape over its one side and having a multilevel parking provided at the back of the building.
.its features a number of touch pool tanks with ray and shark as well as exhibits featuring sea turtles and the wildlife of gray's reef-a national marine sanctuary off the Georgia coast. .this exhibit is designed to feature the life of the Mesoamerican barrier reef system, and showcase the aquarium's whale sharks, as well as a100 foot(30m) underwater tunnel and the world's second largest viewing window.
Enchant your guests with a voyage to the ocean floor. They will be captivated as tens of thousands of fish swim overhead and will marvel as they dine alongside the largest aquarium viewing window in North America. Whale shark tank
Area - 2000 sq.m Tunnel wide - 4 m Height - 6.5 m Theater - 200 sq.m capacity of voyager – 80 person
TROPICAL DIVER Escape to the tropics and engage your guests in the relaxing and intimate menu as they are mesmerized by one of the largest living reef exhibits in the world.
GEORGIA AQUARIUM GROUND FLOOR PLAN
Area - 1110 sq.m (including service space) Width of corridor - 6 m Number of tank - 11 capacity – 35 person
Oceans Ballroom The sophisticated ballroom provides a distinctive space for an intimate reception for 50 people in one of our sections or a reception for more than 500 people in the Oceans Ballroom. Our flexible space can be customized to create a personalized setting for your ceremony and reception Specifics 16,400 sq ft (23,000 sq ft including pre-function) 150x112 Dimensions 19-21 Ceiling height 1,200 Reception 1,000 Banquet
GEORGIA AQUARIUM GROUND FLOOR PLAN
Whale shark tank
COLD WATER QUEST Transport your guests to the Arctic as they experience a reception or seated dinner among the chilly unknown... Area - 800 sq.m Height - 4.5 m capacity of voyager – 45 person
Dolphin tales Area - 2150 sq.m Corridor wide – 4.5 m Height - 9.5 m Theater - 1050 sq.m capacity – 100 person Water body – 300 sq.m AT&T DOLPHIN TALES Experience our newest addition and the biggest expansion to date for the world’s largest aquarium. The new gallery includes a soaring, naturally-lit entrance lobby featuring an underwater viewing window of our playful dolphins.
GEORGIA AQUARIUM GROUND FLOOR PLAN
Main atrium Exit gallery
CafĂŠ aquaria Exit gate
River scout gallery Over head tank
SERVICES •.the water pipes of 24"at 3m c,c on periphery and 62"at the bottom are installed. •.the lighting is been done at the bottom and at the top by using lamps. •.the maintained is been check by a bay been running over the i section installed to the roof structure.
Feature Number of staff -
More than 500 full-time and part-time employees and 2,000 volunteer staff members keep the Aquarium operating on a seven-day a week schedule that also includes unique guest overnight stay events and a kids’ conservation education program. Operations, security, education, maintenance, veterinary and training staff, administration personnel, environmental operations, volunteer management, parking, commissary, tour guides, restaurants, retail and others on staff need voice communications to reliably reach every corner of this multi-story facility on a 24 hour basis.
The construction of the Aquarium presented many challenges to radio signal coverage. Basically, the Aquarium is a hollow structure, constructed of steel reinforced concrete walls up to four feet thick, surrounding an expansive main atrium with a 50 foot high ceiling. The animal habitats, clustered around the main atrium, require more than eight million Positive aspect
planning • the high emphasised entrance make the first fell very interesting • the proper area distribution to different arenas make the conditions lees choric for the users. .the panoramic view all the zones from a single point keep the interest going unbeaten.
• no use of direct sunlight at any of the part for visitors. • the galleries bcos of not been interconnected some makes feel tiredness for visitors
the presence of all the galleries and other stuff on the same level make the circulation a bit non confusing as a cyclonical point of view.
the multidirectional movement of the public from the same atrium can make the conditions unsuitable.
•use of closed filtration system helps the reduction in cost of the water treatment • illumination done using different lights with the tank base helps to observe the marine life more prominently
• the structure is the combination of different forms that give complete justice to the functional aspects. • the use of light at the external facade makes its more interesting to watch at night
the form again does not do justice with the water as a theme until and unless one goes inside.
•its feature living corals and thousands of colourful reef fish in a recreating tropical pacific coral reef,complted with overhead crashing wave.
•it features an overhead river where visitors can see north American fishes from the bottom up in addition to local specimens this exhibits displays pirahna,electric fish and other unusual freshwater life. Fun Facts about the Georgia Aquarium • The Aquarium’s filtration system contains more than 70 miles of pipe, enough to more than encircle the city of Atlanta on the I-285 loop. • The heating and air conditioning system has 4300 tons of cooling capacity, enough to cool over 1400 average-sized homes. Plumbing systems include 290 plumbing fixtures, 200 floor drains and 53 roof drains. • The Georgia Aquarium’s habitats hold the equivalent water volume to more than 100 million cans of Coke. • The drains are connected by 1.5 miles of underground pipe and 5.5 miles of aboveground pipe. • Approximately 230 newly constructed average-sized American homes can fit inside the Georgia Aquarium. • In the Aquarium’s life support systems, there are 506 pumps using over 5,500 horsepower to move more than 300,000 gallons of water every minute. The water is moved through 187 sand filters, 91 protein skimmers and 76 towers.
Shanghai Ocean Aquarium, China
The climax of the visitors’ experience is the showcase oceanarium consisting of 120 meters of travelator passing through five contrasting marine environments: the coastal reef, the open ocean, the kelp cave, shark cove, and the coral reef. This awesome experience is one of the longest aquarium tunnel exhibits in the world.
Introduction Location - Pudong Special Development Zone Shanghai, China Architects - CAM CROSSLEY Company - Crossley Architects Pty Ltd (Australia ) Site Area - 8,400m² Client - Shanghai Ocean Aquarium Co Ltd Project Value - US$55,000,000 Construction Commenced - April 1999 Completed - 2002
N About the project
This prestigious project was completed in 2002, and is located immediately adjacent Shanghai’s most significant tourist attraction the Oriental Pearl Tower in Pudong, Shanghai. The theme, 'Across Continents through Worlds of Water' captures the essence of the broad scope of exhibits on display in the facility.
Beginning with the China Zone, visitors pass through representative countries of South America, Australia, Africa and the temperate zones that show coldwater fish and later, penguins. The sea provides the theme for the second phase of the visitor’s experience where they view some of the more unusual life from color changing giant cuttlefish and baby sharks to the giant Japanese spider crabs and the miniature seahorses of the seaweed forest.
Areas Site Area - 8,400m² Building Area - 20,000m² over 5 Levels Major Exhibits Coastal Reef, Kelp Cave, Shark Cove Coral Reef Aquarium Open Ocean Under the Amazon exhibit tank Australian Billabong Under the coldwater Stream Penguin Encounter Chinese Alligator - Ancient Survivor Endangered Chinese Freshwater Fishes Various small marine and fresh water Aquariums
- 2,200 m³ - 700 m³ - 330 m³ - 240 m³ - 650 m³ - 217 m³ - 110 m³ - 100 m³ - 25 m³ - 65 m³ - 19 in total 10- 50 m³ typically
The underwater tunnel located in basement is one of the longest underwater tunnels in the world. Its total length is up to 155 meters. The whole tunnel is made up of Acrylic glass of 75cm, with the thickest aquarium up to 220cm. According to different groups of fish, the tunnel is divided into 5 sections. An auto-mated walkway is installed on the ground of the tunnel. Walking on it, visitors can feel the fishes swimming above their heads
Recommended Itinerary • After buying tickets on the first floor, visitors start the tour of the main building by going up to the third floor, ultimately making their way down to the basement. • The third floor has seven exhibition areas, i.e. the VIP hall, science education room and a waterfall. The China, South America, Australia zones and Special Exhibitions Zone are also located on this floor. • The second floor has the Africa, Southeast Asia, Cold Water and Polar Zones. The Sea and Shore exhibit is also located here. • The basement is the main part of the aquarium where Deep Ocean Zone is located. The submarine viewing tunnel enables visitors to have a wonderful tour here. After touring the basement, visitors may return to the first floor for meals and to purchase souvenirs and gifts.
Southeast Asian region - the Southeast Asian tropical rainforest is one of the world's oldest tropical rain forests, high forest coverage, the magnificent natural landscape and rich biodiversity, rich food and an ideal habitat for biological living here ground. Ducks in Shanghai Ocean Aquarium
Polar region to listen to the roaring of the wind, penguin friends are waiting to welcome you soon
South America regions - South America has the largest type and quantity of freshwater fish. Arapaima as one of the largest freshwater scaly bony fish also thrived here
SOUTH AMERICA ZONE
Special exhibition area
Under water escalator
SERVICES Services provided included architectural design and documentation, co-ordination of aquarium specialist works requirements, interior design of exhibit spaces, exhibit design, design of graphics and interpretive panels, preparation of tender documentation for aquarium specialist works, interiors and special exhibitory. Contract administration of specialist works. .ground level constitute the overall service area of shanghai ocean aquarium along with the extra supporting area on each floor.
Water supply To limit the consumption of water, the 8 million gallons (30 283 kL) of tanks in the aquarium use a semi-closed system with manufactured sea water which allows as much water as possible to be reused. Water is replaced from local sources only when required due to evaporation. Aquatic Life Support: • 6.2 million (23 470 kL) gallons to fi ll open ocean tank; • 54 in. (1.4 m) diameter piping; • 218 pumps (4,160 hp [3102 kW] to circulate 261,000 gpm [16 469 L/s]); • 4,035 valves; • 25 miles of wiring; • 31 pump water motion system circulating 29,500 gpm (1861 L/s); • 24 in. thick acrylic viewing wall weighing 238,000 lbs (107955 kg); and • 34 saltwater and 11 fresh water tanks holding 8 million gallons (30 283 kL) for 100,000 fi sh.
Water is been distributed the overhead hanging pvc pipes needing at least a free space of 1m above clear height . it has closed filtration system. Instead of direct sunlight fluorescent tubes and large noen lamps are been used all time in accordance to duranal and noctural usage. Plant is been setup at basement adjacent to the main building and duct are exposed to the surrounding as a interior treatment. the supporting area are kept with special provision for both heating and cooling. The walls from the inner side have high acoustic Treatment so that the sound of water flowing through And working staff doesn’t travel outside at the galleries arena Acrylic Panel Dimensions Coastal Reef, Kelp Cave, Shark Cove 180° tunnel - 66.0 x 2.4mØ Coral Reef Aquarium - 180° tunnel - 23.0 x 2.4mØ Open Ocean - Flat panel - 8.0 x 4.65 x 0.27m Under the Amazon - 180° tunnel - 12.0 x 2.4mØ Australian Billabong Inclined 180° tunnel - 12.0 x 2.4mØ Flat Panel - 9.0 x 1.6 x 0.08m Under the coldwater Stream - 90° tunnel - 9.6 x 0.75mR Penguin Encounter - Flat Panel - 10 x 2.9 x 0.12m Chinese Alligator - Ancient Survivor Cantilevered panels - 5.0 x 1.83 x 0.07m Endangered Chinese Freshwater Fishes Flat Panels - 4.2 x 2.0 x 0.09m - 3.0 x 1.4 x 0.07m Conclusion The basic challenge for designing the aquarium was dealing with the extremely technical nature of the designs while meeting the client requirement for a creative theme. The team continually balanced creativity with practicality. The result is a world-class aquarium with a safe and comfortable environment for animals and humans.
About the building
LISBON OCEANARIUM, OLIVIA Location: The Oceanarium of Lisbon is located in Park of the Nations, at the south end of Dock berth of the Olivia. It is located in renewed part of Lisbon. This is conveniently served by multiple means of public transportation: Taxis, subway, bus routes and trains ploughs available from ―East‖.
Name - Lisbon Oceanarium Location - Park of the Nations, Olivia, LISBON Portugal Architect - Peter Chermayeff Firm - Cambridge Seven Associated, America Date of the project: 1994 - 1998 Opening date - October 1998 Area of the equipment - 16 585 85 m²
• The complex consists of two main buildings: one administrative structure and the oceanarium. • The oceanarium is forever connected to land by a bridge, symbolizing a pier to an unforgettable voyage to a remarkable underwater world. • The exhibit building is placed on water like an island, linked to an entrance/exit support building on the land. Visitors enter by a ramped bridge to an upper level, where four ocean habitats Later, those same four ocean habitats are seen again underwater, visually linked to a large central tank which represents the unity of all oceans in a single global ocean.
.Visitors enter by a ramped bridge to an upper level, where four ocean habitats Later, those same four ocean habitats are seen again underwater, visually linked to a large central tank which represents the unity of all oceans in a single global ocean
N Adm. Building
In October 1998 Oceanarium opened to the public, establishing a life long connection between Lisbon and the Ocean .while bridging the discovery, and research and conservation activities. The Oceanarium de Lisboan was designed by a team from Cambridge Seven Associated, led by American architect Peter Chermayeff.
SOUTH AFRICA ZONE
Lower level first floor plan
INDIAN OCEAN ZONE
MANGROVE FOREST ADAPTATION
ROCKY REEF IN THE PACIFIC
CORAL REEF SYMBIOSIS
ATLANTIC NORTH ZONE
GIANT PACIFIC OCTOPUS
SOUTH AUSTRALIA ZONE
ROCKY REEF SEA DRAGONS
LIFE ALONG THE BOTTOM
Upper level first floor plan
Second floor plan
Ice cream parlor NORTH ATLANTIC
Cafeteria. Water &salt â€“ restaurant
Sections Lower level first floor with central tank @ center ,Atlantic Antarctic , pacific and Indian ocean zone @ four corner of the central tank
Bridging ramp Rest room
Upper level first floor Central tank Ground floor plan as service floor with rest room and maintenance area
Restaurant Central tank Lobby Service area
Architecture • The Lisbon Oceanarium’s conceptual design, architecture, and exhibit design was led by Peter Chermayeff of Peter Chermayeff LLC while at Cambridge Seven Associates. It is said to resemble an Aircraft carrier, and is built into the pier on an internal sea. • Two buildings, connected by a bridge, represent the
boarding quay for a journey of discovery into the marine world. The main building surrounded by water, represents a ship ready to set sail.
The main exhibit is a 1,000 m2 (11,000 sq ft), 5,000 m3 (180,000 cu ft) tank with four large 49 m2 (530 sq ft) acrylic windows on its sides, and smaller focus windows strategically located around it to make sure it is a constant component throughout the exhibit space. It is 7 m (23 ft) deep, which lets pelagic swimmers to swim above the bottom dwellers, and providing the illusion of the open ocean. About 100 species from around the world are kept in this tank, including sharks, rays, barracudas, groupers, and moray eels. One of the main attractions is a large sunfish.
Number of animals - 16,000 Number of species – 450 Volume of largest tank - 5,000 m3 (180,000 cu ft) Annual visitors – 1000,000 Daily average - 24068 people (as per 2010) Website - www.oceanario.pt • 8 000 organisms, between animals and plants, of over 500 different species; • Around 550 kg of food is consumed per week; • 75 000 pieces of artificial coral used in the decoration of the central aquarium and of the Indian Ocean habitat; • 7 million liters of salt water, divided between more than 30 aquariums; • Every day over 200 different tests are performed to evaluate the quality of the aquariums’ water.
Mission To recreate Nature in the midst of urban civilization, providing a theatrical encounter with the natural, wild world and to transform this experience into a means of raising awareness of the oceans by alerting people for the need to preserve a natural heritage by changing their habits and behavior.
Ground floor plan (service floor) which is over the pile floor . It act as service floor which include lifts , staircases, mechanical room , maintenance office , store ,water purifier room , generator room ,temperature maintaining room in tank , control room etc . The central lobby is double floor which is just below the central tank of first floor .
TARAPOREWALA AQUARIUM , MUMBAI Date opened - 1951 Location - Marine Lines, Mumbai Number of species - 100 Timings: 11:00 AM to 8:00 PM (Closed on Monday) Validity THIS IS THE ONLY AQUARIUMIN INDIA TILL THE AGE AND WAS OPENED BACK IN 1951 AND STILL IN A WORKING STATE .
IT WAS OPENED IN 1951 AND WAS CONSTRUCTED THE COMBINED EFFORTS OF MAIIARASIITRA GOVERMENT AND A PARSI BUSSINESSMAN . THE AQUARIUM HAS A TOTAL . OF 70 SPECIMENTS WITH WATER TANKS RANGING FROM 1000-1500 GALLONS INCLUDING BOTH MARINEWATER FISH AND FRESH WATER FISHES . NOW A DAY I'TS BEEN RUN OVER BY MAHARASHTRA FISHIES DEPARTMENT.
THE TARAPOREWALA AQUARIUM LOCATED ON THE WESTERN COAST OF INDIA IN THE METROPOLIS MUMBAI AT MARINE DRIVE (CIIARNI ROAD AREA) IS THE ONLY EXAMPLE OF AQUARIUM BUILT IN OUR CONNTRY TO DATE.
TO STUDY THE BASIC KEY ELEMENTS OF AN AQUARIUM AND THE FUNCTIONALITY ALLONG WITH THE SHORTCOMINGS OF THE SUCH A OLD STRUCTURE.
Fresh water supply room (8 sq.m) Sea water supply room ( 15 sq.m)
Total open area - 560 sq.m Building area – 330 sq.m
Canteen area – 35 sq.m Kitchen area – 12 sq.m
Setting tank 6 sq.m
snak tank 3 sq.m Room size 9 sq.m
Attractive fountain at entrance area
Audi room Area 33 sq.m 50 person
Water tank 1.2 m depth 2.1 m hight
Floor cum site plan
Front set back Use for staff parking
SERVICES Operation and maintenance Maintaining fishes and other aquatic denizens in a public aquarium is a highly specialized task. The water in the large tanks is under continuous circulation. Taps at the top of the tank supply water. The water supply speed is maintained as per the judgment of the aquarium officers. Water goes out from a concealed outlet at the tank bottom. A siphon system keeps water at a constant level . Circulatory systems : The circulation in the aquarium is of closed type , i.e. the water once taken into the system is used over and over again. From the display tanks it goes to the filters where it passes through layers of sand, gravel and pebbles. Here it is gotten rid of impurities and other noxious substances. It then flows to a basement reservoir , from where it is pumped up to an over head reservoir. It can now drop by gravity to the display tanks. Filtered water supply : The stability of water in the tanks is but illusory for it is in fact , constantly being changed though invisible. Once the water gets into the tanks it is allowed to remain there for any length of time but over flows into a return pipe behind the tanks, from which it is lead into the settling tank The reintroduction of water into the filters is necessary to prevent the circulation of fish food, decaying matter and other waste matter before the water return to the underground reservoirs.
Air supply : Elaborate arrangements have been made to ensure a constant stream of air into all the tanks. The silvery jet of bubbles , spiraling to the surface of water from the bed of the tank is compressed air released in each tank. Proper aeration is necessary for the well being of the exhibits. Illumination : Illumination of the tanks is affected by concealed bulbs, so that lighting conditions are to the maximum possible extent close to that prevailing in the natural habitat of the animals. The sky lights are tinted blue in order to prevent the excessive growth of algae in the tanks. Below the sky lights is an arrangement designed to regulate the volume of light. reservoirs : Below the room containing the pumps and the compressors are the reservoirs for sea water and fresh water the sea water reservoir is 45â€™ x 15â€™ x 10â€™
Circulatory systems :
Architectural feature –
The main hall has two sections. The first of 160 cubic feet and the second a miniature section with 2 cubic feet. In all, over 100 species of marine and fresh water fish are on display, including sharks, turtles and morays. It also includes seven varieties of coral fish from the Lakshadweep Islands which were added to the collection recently. There is a proposal to convert this aquarium into an underwater oceanarium and the government of Maharashtra is seriously working on it. If this materializes then people can undertake an undersea walk, surrounded by marine life. Just a thought of it makes one excited.
• The Building has been design according to the requirements but the façade does not project the Aquarium that is housed inside. • The facade has jus been treated with a painting of fishes to represent the Aquarium inside. • The arrangement of the tanks is concrete rectangle is a good layout as the public is able to view both the fresh water and sea water exhibits simultaneously. • The fountain at the entrance creates some interest in the otherwise monotonous connection of spaces. • The area closed to tanks around 1 m is cordoned off to prevent the public from touching or dap aging the tanks. • The setback around the building could have been used to create an aqua space and this would have provided an attractive entry to the Aquarium. • The Building looks like a larger version of a domestic fish tank. • The enclosures are too small for larger marine mammals like turtles, skates etc. • According to Departmental officials, the number of visitors per year (consisting of Adults and children) is 5 lakhs. An average of 1650 persons visit the Aquarium daily.
The staggered blocking method proves no proper site planning. The entrance is not bold enough to attract visitors. The toilets are in chaotic conditions. The entrance portico and lobby are so small even to accommodate 50 people at a time. The tanks fail to meet the min. standard size and fishes can be seen uncomfortably inside them. The conditioning room is been converted to multipurpose room.
Against the popular practice of a discipline path circulation of free neater compounding the exhausting cramped conditions resulting in pushing and jostling.
The appearance of the building is so modest and unassuming that it gives no attraction to the people passing by.
The interior lighting of fluorescent tube is insufficient for reading any information. Aqua space is absent as the rock and gravels are missing none of the walls has ventilator or air conditioning equipments making the atmosphere stinking and suffocative.
DOLPHIN AQUARIUM MUMBAI Location - Baji Prabhu Deshpande Road, Irla, Vile Parle West, Mumbai Building type - public building Owner - Vinayak Rout (Bal Shahab Thakre trust Mumbai) Architect - Ar Utkrist Thara Date of opening - 23 August 2004 Hours - Open all week, 10:00-21:00 Coordinates - 19°6'27"N 72°50'34"E
Objective Dolphin Aquarium is in the Mumbai suburban district, near Parle, and it is a perfect example of how the city has transformed itself dramatically in recent times. The aquarium is built on an old dumping ground, but the land has been transformed into a quaint little aquarium and boating lake, surrounded by nature and wildlife, rather than trash.
About the building
The aquarium is in the middle of a lake. Its also got ducks, rabbits, love birds, 2 eagles, parrots, squirrel. Lovely seating arrangements, a toy train & a air bag enclosure for kids. To eat there is a small stall with snacks, soft drinks, candy floss, pop-corn. And the place lights up after 7 making it look amazing
lake design with respect to dolphin show and entertainment purpose.(but dolphin were unable to adopt the design environment). Main aquarium building block was circular in plan with RCC and steel frame structure having a steel dome at its top. around the aquarium block 1.5 m deep water pond. the main aquarium at the centre of the pond was looking like a island. the visitor pathway and pavilion deck was design in keeping the clear vision of the pond around all the point of the pathway. landscaping - Lotus flower was planted at the side of deck. Around building periphery green landscaping was done. the placement of canteen was such that it was utilized from inside and outside of the site. The plan of the Dolphin aquarium was according to the Vaastu Shastra.
Dolphin aquarium feature Fish aquarium - 8 large (2000Lx800Bx1500H) - 24 small (1200Lx600Bx800H) Jumping in water Mini train Boating Canteen Temple
PLOT AREA - 2525 SQ.M BUILTUP AREA – 452 SQ.M GROUND COVRAGE – 18% WATER BODY – 860 SQ.M
TEMPLE (80 SQ.M)
TANAJI MARUSALE ROAD CONNECTED TO IRLA CHOWK
10 M WIDE ROAD
BUILDING BLOCK AREA 320 SQ.M. 20M DIA
DOLPHIN OFFICE (GROUND FLOOR) CARE TAKER ROOM (FIST FLOOR)
1.5 M DEEP WATER BODY FOR DOLPHIN
FAST FOOD CORNER AND CANTEEN 3 SHOP (AREA 70 SQ.M.)
LARGE NEST FOR FOREST BIRDS
6 M WIDE ROAD
DETAIL AT ‘A”
MALE & FEMAL TOILET 9 SQ.M CHILD TRAIN TRACK ( 600 MM WIDE)
SETTING AREA AROUND THE LAKE SIZE - (1.5 MX2 M) 2.5 M HIGHT 4 STEEL COLUMN 100MM DIA
AEMU BIRDS (35 SQ.M) 1.8 M HIGH CLOSE STEEL NET
INDIAN BIRDS IN CLOSE STEEN NET
2 M WIDE PATHWAY
ITS FOR DOLPHINE BUT AT TIME CHILD BOAT AND DUCK ARE SWEMMING IN THIS LAKE
FIBER SHEET COVERD ON THE STEEL STRUCTURE.
BUILDING RESTING ON RCC COLUMN
CHILD TRAIN FIBER SHEET COVERD ON THE STEEL STRUCTURE.
SETTING AREA AROUND THE LAKE
1.5 M DEEP WATER BODY FOR DOLPHIN
Care taker room TANAJI MARUSALE ROAD CONNECTED TO IRLA CHOWK
Dolphin office INDIAN BIRDS IN CLOSE STEEN NET
1.5 M DEEP WATER BODY FOR DOLPHIN
BUILDING RESTING ON RCC COLUMN
Main aquarium hall
Small tank Size – 1.2mx0.6mx0.8m
Large tank Size – 2.0mx.8x1.0m
Number of tank - 8
Around the aquarium tank 450mm high boundary wall
AQUARIUM HALL 320 SQ.M
Medium tank Size – 1.6mx.8mx.9m
Ticket counter Room size – 2mx2.2m Clear width of lobby 3.5 m
Bride next (both side of lobby
1.2 m wide entrance way for boating
Store room 1.8mx.9m 2.5m wide pathway
BUILDING STRUCTURE Entrance and aquarium lobby
5.5 m wide lobby supported on steel column. truss roof was installed at the entrance lobby. The base of the lobby was supported 4 RCC column (300x300). Mosaic flooring
Base of the Aquarium building is supported on RCC column. A flat circular RCC floor. Around the aquarium building a one meter wide corridor run for service propose supported through the steel member. Top of the Aquarium building is covered with a circular dome. The dome was supported on brick wall covered with color tiles. the dome was constructed of steel and covered with fiber. • Care taker above the dolphin office having one meter wide projected balcony supported on a steel cantilever.
Internal steel frame • Column are design according to the building load and plan. 450m thick and 1200 wide column are use on mat foundation
For the maintenance of the Aquarium 3 care taker with Around the building 1 meter wide corridor is provided for fish caring and food. time to time cleaning of each tank and pond.
Water supply Internal part of building a fresh water pipe are laying along with aquarium tank. Water of the Aquarium tank changes at end of the each month or whenever required. water of the aquarium tank a Recycle water and drain off and the recycle water are not used again. Capacity of water aquarium tank is 38000 liters. Around the building 1.5 m deep artificial pond provided for boating, jumping , snakes, ducks etc. Total lake area is 560 sq.m. Discharging and filling water of pond is done with the help of pump.
Electric supply water proof light are installed in aquarium tanks. air pump, light and temperature are maintained through the electricity. Blue, yellow colored are installed in the aquarium tank. Around the lake artificial light are installed for decoration and lighting purpose at night.
Comparative Analysis Taraporewala aquariums
Dolphin aquarium Mumbai
Georgia aquariums us
Shanghai Ocean Aquarium, China
Lisbon Oceanarium LISBON Portugal
Not well defined single
Well defined multiplied
Not prominent soft landscape
Prominent soft + hard
Prominent soft + hard
69m from shore
Mid of city
near Oriental Pearl Tower
Combination of wedges and arculoid
Grid plastering with glass
EXHBITION numbers types
.marine world .fresh water world
Aquarium, beautiful pond
.Georgia explore .tropical diver .ocean voyager .cold-water quest .river scout
Deep Ocean Zone , Africa, Southeast Asia, Cold Water, Polar Zones, China, South America, Australia zones
Comparative Analysis contâ€Ś Taraporewala aquarium
Dolphin aquarium Mumbai
Georgia aquarium us
Shanghai Ocean Aquarium, China
Lisbon Oceanarium LISBON Portugal
Not at all places
All places (floor)
Dolphin aquarium Mumbai
Georgia aquarium us
Shanghai Ocean Aquarium, China
Lisbon Oceanarium LISBON Portugal
SERVICES water filtration system
only for above floor
Comparative Area Analysis Brief
Total plot area – 32,000 Sq.m F.A.R. – 1.5 Ground coverage – 40% (12,800 Sq.m) Built up area – 48,000 Sq.m exhibition building block – 22,272 Sq.m • Administration - 1540 Sq.m • Oceanarium - 20732 Sq.m Semi covered exhibition area - 5930 Sq.m parking block - 17800
Number of person in each area location
Building block name
Built up area
4 floor (16 m)
Semi covered exhibit. block
Ground floor dolphinarium
2 basement 2 floor
Area analysis for zoning
Space name Administration
Area (sq.m) 1540
Admin and workers
•Shark Exhibition •Galleries •Other exhibition •Thematic pavilions •3d&4d theater •Tunnel aquarium •Other
50 80 450 30 50 200 80 100
3d& 4d theatre
Display area(temporary exhibits)
Out door area
Parking area 1. admin 2. public
Number of car 45 600
Area (sq.m) 1000 16800
•For open parking 18.0 sq.m per ECS. •For ground floor covered parking 23 sq.m per ECS •For basement 28 sq.m per ECS
CASE STUDY 1 (sq.m)
CASE STUDY 2 Case STUDY 3 (sq.m) (sq.m)
SHANGHAI OCEAN AQUARIUM
NATIONAL OCEANARIUM, GOA
1388 Lujiazui Ring Rd, Pudong, Shanghai, China
225 Baker St NW, Atlanta, GA 30313, United States
Esplanada Dom Carlos I, s/nº, 1990-005 Lisbon, Portugal
Miramar Beach Panaji, Goa
GROUND COVERAGE BUILT UP AREA
9 sq.m 10 sq.m
65 2 40 6
2 25 4.5
10 sq.m 5 sq.m 40 sq.m 30 sq.m 6 sq.m
ADMINISTRATION (SPACE OCCUPANCY / FOOTFALL)
ENQUIRY TOURIST INFORMATION BOOK STALL PUBLIC TELE CIRCULATION TICKET COUNTER TOILET
STANDARDS REQUIRED AREA(sq.m)
1.5 sq. m./ person
40 % of lounge
110sq.m (65 person in one time)
CASE STUDY 1 (sq.m)
CASE STUDY 2 (sq.m)
Case STUDY 3 (sq.m)
DIRECTOR OFFICE(INCLUDIND P.A)
ANNOUNCEMENT AND REPORTING
RECORDING (CCTV) ROOM
30 (20 person)
120 (15 person) 20
1 OF 25 SQ. M.
1 OF 30 SQ.M.
Min. 20 sq.m
5 WC/1000 PERSON, 6 URINAL/1000 PERSON
6 WC/1000 PERSON,
Min. 1.8 sq.m (1-w.c,1w.b)
DESIGN CASE STUDY CONSIDERATION 1 (sq.m)
2/w-900 T-230 R-150
2/w-1500 T-230 R-150
CASE STUDY 2 case STUDY 3 (sq.m) (sq.m)
2/w-900 T-230 R-150 1(1500M WIDE)
STANDARDS REQUIRED REMARKS AREA(sq.m)
5% of floor area
2 COMMON LIFTS AND 1 SERVICE LIFT
60 MTR.LONG RAMP CONCETING TO MAIN BUILDING/SLOPE 1:12
FOR WALKING RAMP/SLOPE 1:12
120 sq.m 2 staircase 1 ramp
2(1500 WIDE EACH)
SHOULD PE PRESENT AT EVRY 30 M.
25 sq.m 2 fire staircase
25%-30% AREA IS DESIRED FOR CIRCULATION
TOTAL ADMIN. AREA
Pump and filter(life support)
Ht. of filter rooms around 4 to 7m is vital. Approx 80 –85% area of mechanical, is desirable for pump & filter room.
Approx 5 – 8% of mechanical area ,is sufficient.
Around 2.5%- 3% of mechanical area, is appropriate.
Around 100m2 area is vital for the breeding or back up pools.
CASE STUDY 1 (sq.m)
CASE STUDY 2 (sq.m)
CASE STUDY 3 STANDARDS REQUIRED REMARKS (sq.m) AREA(sq.m)
Around 8% area is appropriate.
Around 8% area is appropriate.
Approx 2% of mechanical area, is sufficient.
Around 2.5% area is sufficient.
Around 60m2 area for public toilets and 20m2 area for staff toilets is vital
Area for these services is provided according to the need.
Sewage Treatment Tank
Service Area Behind Tanks
25% OF WET AREA(300)
Around 25% of the wet display area, is vital for service area for each tank.
Total Service area, Machine rooms and Pump house
50% OF THE DISPLAY AREA(1500)
Total area percentage for total service area – 58% – 60% to wet display area, is vital.
CASE STUDY 1 CASE STUDY 2 CASE STUDY 3 STANDARDS (sq.m) (sq.m) (sq.m)
Total 200m2 – 300m2 area for Research block is sufficient. Inside this area segregation will be done accordingly. 0.8m2 area / person is desirable.
Feeding preparation and storage
Auditorium + Projection Room
1m2 – 2m2 area / person is desirable.
0.8m2 area / person is desirable.
1m2 – 1.5m2 area / person is desirable.
Approx 50m2 area is sufficient for Souvenir Shops
DESIGN CASE STUDY 1 CONSIDERATION (Sq.m) AQUARIUM
Galleries(marine heritage museum
1000(CONTAINS CORAL REEF,SEA OTTERS,KELP CAVE,COSTAL REEF,ETC)
Sea Otters Tank
Marine mammal tank
CASE STUDY 2 CASE STUDY 3 STANDARDS REQUIRED (sq.m) (sq.m) AREA(sq.m)
15% of the total area is desirable for the lobby area. This includes circulation, display, seating and other facilities.
The size of the aquarium tank depends upon the type of species and also on the No. of species. The size of the Aquarium tank – 50%, - 250 It’s Observatory area – 25%, - 125 Service area behind the tank – 25% - 125 of the Total Display area, is desirable.
S.NO4 DESIGN CONSIDERATION Thematic pavilions 6.
CASE STUDY 1 CASE STUDY 2 (sq.m) (sq.m) 220 (approx.)/pavillio n
CASE STUDY 3 STANDARDS REQUIRED REMARKS (sq.m) AREA(sq.m) 300
7. 8. 9.
3d& 4d theatre
120 m long tunnel -
30 m long tunnel -
3m wide corridor
80M LONG TUNNEL
Display area(temporary exhibits) circulation
Sea turtle pool
Amphibian& reptile display
13. 14. 15.
Backup pool and stage
25%-30% CIRCULATION IS DESIRED
The European Association for Aquatic Mammals recommends that a pool for five dolphins should have a surface area of 275 m² (2960 ft²) plus an additional 75 m² (810 ft²) and have a depth of 3.5 m (11.5 ft) for at least the minimum surface area and have a water volume of at least 1000 m³ (35300 ft³)
For 500 person
Because of the sensitivity of the marine life to the water quality, an appropriate building type is to be proposed so as to keep any disturbance to the environment minimum.
The building is to be integrated into the landscape. Maximum views are exploited towards the surrounding natural environment.
Since this aquarium is to be built on/in the sea, which is a totally 'new world’, new experiences in such environment is to be explored.
Balance Between Nature & Architecture Circulation
Uni-directional + multidirectional circulation will be provided.
Technology & Material
In spite of all blocks forming one unit, options would be available for the visitors to miss a certain sections.
Aquarium exhibits will be divided into sections according to the required services.
Proper water management and other supporting facilities thoughtfully.
Arrangement of exhibits and their respective
360º viewing Underwater Acrylic Tunnel Aquarium will be provided with moving walkways.
Flow Diagram According to the Linkages Latest technology and material will be used for the construction of 5th generation aquariums.
Provision special effects will make the
environment more realistic.
of touch screen electronic machines etc will provide information regarding the exhibits.
services will be in staggered form to create interest.
BIOGRAPHY USEFUL WEB SITES: •www.google.com
BOOK REFERED: Time Saver Standards Architect’s Data (Ernst & Peter Neufert) Thesis Report Marin Eworld At Kochi By - (2008-09) Oceanarium At Kochi By - Mohammad Nasir (2012-13)
For more information please contact me on my Instagram Safwan_abu_ I am always ready for help but I will charge for that. For the complete s...
Published on Mar 8, 2017
For more information please contact me on my Instagram Safwan_abu_ I am always ready for help but I will charge for that. For the complete s...