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UINVERSITY OF HAIL ENGLISH LANGUAGE CENTER

English 101

WRITING DEFINITIONS HASSAN ELBADRI


UINVERSITY OF HAIL ENGLISH LANGUAGE CENTER

English 101

WRITING DEFINITIONS HASSAN ELBADRI


UINVERSITY OF HAIL ENGLISH LANGUAGE CENTER

Contrast paragraph: Moths and butterflies are closely related and look very much alike; however, they differ from each other in four ways. First, most moths are active at night, but most butterflies are active during the day. Butterflies fly from flower to flower sucking their “nectar�. In contrast, moths are attracted by lights and fly continuously around lamps. Second, when moths rest, they spread their wings out. However, butterflies hold their wings straight up. Third, their antennae are also different. While the antennae of most moths are hair-like and pointed, all butterflies have knobs at the end of their antennae. Finally, the bodies of most moths are thick whereas the bodies of butterflies are thin.

English 101

WRITING DEFINITIONS HASSAN ELBADRI


UINVERSITY OF HAIL ENGLISH LANGUAGE CENTER

Planning Michael has two brothers, Nick and Joe. Michael decided to write about his two brothers. Look at the following table in which he listed the differences between Nick and Joe.

English 101

WRITING DEFINITIONS HASSAN ELBADRI


UINVERSITY OF HAIL ENGLISH LANGUAGE CENTER

Writing This is Michael’s final draft. My two brothers

Most people assume that sisters and brothers have many things in common. This is not always true. Both my brothers, Nick and Joe, have the same parents and the same background, but they differ considerably in appearance and lifestyle. Nick is 2 years younger than Joe. He has long, curly hair and a beard. He usually dresses casually in blue jeans and a T-shirt. He is a cook in a small restaurant. Because the restaurant is near his home, he rides his bicycle to work. In his free time, Nick goes to movies and plays football. He lives in the city in a studio apartment. However, my brother Joe looks more conservative than Nick. He has short, straight hair. He has a moustache but no beard. Because he is a businessman, he wears a suit and tie to work. He drives his car to his office every day. In his spare time, he reads newspapers and plays soccer. Joe lives in a large house in the suburbs with his wife and their children. My friends cannot believe that Nick and Joe are brothers because they look so different.

English 101

WRITING DEFINITIONS HASSAN ELBADRI


UINVERSITY OF HAIL ENGLISH LANGUAGE CENTER

Organization by subject One way to arrange your comparison and contrast composition is to write about one subject in the first paragraph and to write about the second subject in the next one. This method of arrangement is called organization by subject. For example, we need to write a contrast composition about airplanes and helicopters. If you mention a particular point in the airplane paragraph, you must mention the same point in the helicopter paragraph, and in the same order. Look at the following outline. Look at the plan for the composition about airplanes and helicopters Introduction I.Airplanes A. Shape and design B. Speed C. Direction of takeoff and flight II.Helicopters A. Shape and design B. Speed C. Direction of takeoff and flight Conclusion English 101

WRITING DEFINITIONS HASSAN ELBADRI


UINVERSITY OF HAIL ENGLISH LANGUAGE CENTER

Sample #1 The Differences Between Airplanes and Helicopters Travelling by air is one of the most important means of transportation. Millions of people travel by air worldwide every year. Air transportation is considered to be the fastest and safest way of travelling. Airplanes and helicopters are both important forms of air travel, but there are great differences between them. Airplanes have special shape and design . They have long, slender bodies with wings. They travel extremely fast, reaching a speed of over 1,975 miles (3,000 Km) per hour. Airplanes take off horizontally and can move in a forward direction only. They need a lot of space for takeoff and landing. Airplanes regularly carry several hundred passengers. In contrast, helicopters shape and design are different from airplanes. They have round bodies and propellers rather than wings. They move at a slower speed. They take off vertically and can move in any direction. Helicopters require a very small takeoff or landing space. Most helicopters carry only two to five passengers. English 101

WRITING DEFINITIONS HASSAN ELBADRI


UINVERSITY OF HAIL ENGLISH LANGUAGE CENTER

Organization point-by-point A second way to organize your composition is to write about a particular point about one subject and then immediately write about the same point in the second subject. This method is called point-by-point arrangement. An outline of this arrangement follows: Differences between airplanes and helicopters Introduction I. Shape and design A. Airplanes B. Helicopters II. Speed A. Airplanes B. Helicopters III. Direction of takeoff and flight A. Airplanes B. Helicopters Conclusion

English 101

WRITING DEFINITIONS HASSAN ELBADRI


UINVERSITY OF HAIL ENGLISH LANGUAGE CENTER

Sample #2 The Differences Between Airplanes and Helicopters

Airplanes and helicopters are both important forms of air travel, but there are great differences between them. The first major difference between airplanes and helicopters is their shape and design. Airplanes, for example, have long, slender bodies with wings while helicopters have round bodies and propellers rather than wings. Another difference between airplanes and helicopters is their speed. Airplanes can travel extremely fast, reaching a speed of over 1,875 miles (3,000 kilometers) per hour. Helicopters, on the other hand are much slower than airplanes. The final difference between airplanes and helicopters is their direction of takeoff and flight. While airplanes take off horizontally and can move in a forward direction only, helicopters take off vertically and can move in any direction. Airplanes need a lot of space for takeoff and landing. However, helicopters require a very small takeoff or landing space. Airplanes regularly carry several hundred passengers but most helicopters carry only two to five passengers. Because of the great differences between airplanes and helicopters, each is used for a specific purpose. Airplanes and helicopters, therefore, are both important forms of air travel. English 101

WRITING DEFINITIONS HASSAN ELBADRI


UINVERSITY OF HAIL ENGLISH LANGUAGE CENTER

How to write a good thesis statement and topic sentence •A good thesis statement/topic sentence states the topic (main idea) of the paragraph/composition. It only states the topic without going into details. The details are discussed in the body. Consider the following examples: If you want to write a composition/paragraph about the causes of air pollution, look at the following examples:

-There are many causes for air pollution. Good Air pollution is caused by a number of gases. Good Some human activities result in air pollution. Good (only tell the topic without details. In the body, you can discuss the causes)

- There are many causes for air pollution, like CO2 and acids. Not Good (states the topic but gives details. These details, examples, should be discussed in the body) 2006-07

UOH

English 101


UINVERSITY OF HAIL ENGLISH LANGUAGE CENTER

If you want to write a composition/paragraph about the differences between hybrid cars and regular cars, look at the following examples:

•There are many differences between hybrid cars and regular cars. Hybrid cars differ from regular cars in many aspects. Hybrid cars and regular cars are different in many ways. Good

•Hybrid cars have electric motors while regular cars have petrol engines. Not Good Why? (This sentence should be in the body. It talks about one of the differences between the two types of cars; this is a detail to be discussed in the body not in the thesis statement/topic sentence.)

2006-07

UOH

English 101

comparison and contrast  

academic writing

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