AB TUTORIALS (Bhatara Institute)

AB TUTORIALS (Bhatara Institute)

2013 LOGICAL REASONING MODULE 2 (SAMPLE) NB: This is not the complete module but only selected questions for website purpose. B-1/14 LG Floor Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110016 Tel Nos: 91-11-42270005-42270040-43 info@abtutorials.com Website: www.abtutorials.com 1 ÂŠEmail: AB TUTORIALS

AB TUTORIALS (Bhatara Institute) STATEMENT & ASSUMPTIONS Direction: In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer (a) if only assumption I is implicit; (b) if only assumption II is implicit; (c) if either I or II is implicit; (d) if neither I nor II is implicit; and (e) if both I and II are implicit. 1. Statement : Assumptions: 2. Statement : Assumptions:

3. Statement : Assumptions:

Please consult me before making any decision on exports from the company. I. You may take a wrong decision if you don’t consult me. II. It is important to take a right decision. “Buy pure butter of company A.” advertisement in a magazine I. No other company supplies pure butter. II. People read advertisements.

an

“Do not lean out of the door of the bus”, - a warning in a school bus. I. Learning out of a running bus is dangerous. II. Children do not pay any head to such warnings.

2

AB TUTORIALS (Bhatara Institute) Direction: In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer (a) if only assumption I is implicit; (b) if only assumption II is implicit; (c) if either I or II is implicit; (d) if neither I nor II is implicit; and (e) if both I and II are implicit. 4. Statement :

Assumptions:

Over 1.4 lakh quintals of cotton has been procured in the state under Cotton Procurement Scheme, a press note said. I. Cotton procurement scheme is successful. II. No cotton procurement should be done now.

Direction: A Statement is given followed by several assumptions. An assumptions is something assumed or taken for granted. Read the Statement carefully and decide which of the assumptions are implicit in the statement. 5, Statement :

“Do not touch stray objects. They may be bombs.” – a notice by the City police Assumptions: I. Stray objects are harmless. II. Stray objects may be touched by people. III. People will take notice of the warning. 1) I and II are implicit 2) I and III are implicit 3) II and III are implicit 4) I and either II or III are implicit 5) At least one of the above is implicit

3

AB TUTORIALS (Bhatara Institute) FORCEFULNESS OF ARGUMENTS Directions: Each question given below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a ‘strong’ argument and which is a ‘weak’ argument. Give answer (A) if only argument I is strong; (B) if only argument II is strong; (C) if either I or II is strong; (D) if neither I nor II is strong; and (E) if both I and II strong. 1. Statement: Arguments:

Should a total ban be put on trapping wild animals? I. Yes. Trappers are making a lot of money. II. No. Bans on hunting and trapping are not effective.

2. Statement: Arguments:

Should the institution of marriages be abolished? I. Yes. It is already showing cracks. II. No. It is necessary for the survival of society.

3. Statement: Arguments:

Is monarchy better than democracy? I. Yes. If the chair has one confirmed ruler, there are no ambitious aspirants fighting for it. II. No. People are more contented and happy in a democracy.

4

AB TUTORIALS (Bhatara Institute) Directions: Each question given below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a ‘strong’ argument and which is a ‘weak’ argument. Give answer (A) if only argument I is strong; (B) if only argument II is strong; (C) if either I or II is strong; (D) if neither I nor II is strong; and (E) if both I and II strong. 4. Statement: Arguments:

Should religion be banned? I. Yes. It develops fanaticism in people. II. No. Religion binds people together.

5

AB TUTORIALS (Bhatara Institute) SYLLOGISM & IMMEDIATE INFERENCING Directions: In each question below are given two statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the two given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements, disregarding commonly known facts. Give Answer: A) B) C) D) E)

if only conclusion I follows: if only conclusion II follows; if either I or II follows; if neither I nor II follows; and if both I and II follow.

1. Statements: Some rooms are stones. All stones are radios. Conclusions: I. Some rooms are radios. II. Some stones are rooms. 2. Statements: All roads are poles. No pole is a house. Conclusions: I. Some roads are houses. II. Some houses are poles.

ÂŠ AB TUTORIALS

6

AB TUTORIALS (Bhatara Institute) 3. Statements: All birds are trees. Some trees are hens. Conclusions: I. Some birds are hens. II. Some hens are trees. 4. Statements: All tables are chalks. All chalks are chairs. Conclusions: I. All chairs are tables. II. All tables are chairs. Directions: In each question below, there are two or three statements followed four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow(s) from the given statements. 5. Statements:

All hunters are punters. Some punters are tigers. Conclusions: I. Some hunters are tigers. II. All tigers are punters. III. Some punters are hunters. IV. No punters are hunters. 1) I and II follow 2) II and III follow 3) I and III follow 4) II and IV follow 5) None of these

ÂŠ AB TUTORIALS

7

AB TUTORIALS (Bhatara Institute) 6. Statements:

Some boxes are dogs. All dogs are pens. Conclusions: I. Some boxes are pens. II. Some pens are boxes. III. Some pens are dogs. IV. All pens are dogs. 1) I, II and III follow 2) II, III and IV follow 3) I, III and IV follow 4) I, II and IV follow 5) All follow

ÂŠ AB TUTORIALS

8

Logical reasoning module for clat 2014