FOR TRUE ISRAELITES DANGER: SWINE WILL KILL YOU
DANGER: SWINE WILL KILL YOU
this four Hebrew letters found in Dead Sea Scroll pronounced YAHWEH This Modern Hebrew name pronounced YAHSHUA Leviticus 11:1 - 4 And spake unto Moses and to Aaron, saying unto them, Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, These are the beasts which ye shall eat among all the beasts that are on the earth. Whatsoever parteth the hoof, and is clovenfooted, and cheweth the cud, among the beasts, that shall ye eat. Nevertheless these shall ye not eat of them that chew the cud, or of them that divide the hoof: as the camel, because he cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unclean unto you.
BUT THE FAKE TEACHERS THE DECEIVERS ADDED IN THE BIBLE VERSE IN MARK 7:19 Because it entereth not into his heart, but into the belly, and goeth out into the draught, purging all meats? IN DECEIVER’S TRANSLATION THEY ADD IN Mark 7:19 Because it entereth not into his heart, but into the belly, and goeth out into the draught, purging all meats? (In saying this Jesus declared all foods are clean to eat)
In NIV (New International Version) After he had left the crowd and entered the house, his disciples asked him about this parable. 18 ―Are you so dull?‖ he asked. ―Don’t you see that nothing that enters a person from the outside can defile them? 19 For it doesn’t go into their heart but into their stomach, and then out of the body.‖ (In saying this, Jesus declared all foods clean.)
Let’s read the whole subject in Mark Chapter 7 Mark 7:1 Then came together unto him the Pharisees, and certain of the scribes, which came from Jerusalem. Mark 7:2 And when they saw some of his disciples eat bread with defiled, that is to say, with unwashen, hands, they found fault. Mark 7:3 For the Pharisees, and all the Jews, except they wash their hands oft, eat not, holding the tradition of the elders.
DANGER: SWINE WILL KILL YOU
Mark 7:4 And when they come from the market, except they wash, they eat not. And many other things there be, which they have received to hold, as the washing of cups, and pots, brasen vessels, and of tables. Mark 7:5 Then the Pharisees and scribes asked him, Why walk not thy disciples according to the tradition of the elders, but eat bread with unwashen hands? Mark 7:6 He answered and said unto them, Well hath Isaiah prophesied of you hypocrites, as it is written, This people honoureth me with their lips, but their heart is far from me. Mark 7:7 Howbeit in vain do they worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men. Mark 7:8 For laying aside the commandment of , ye hold the tradition of men, as the washing of pots and cups: and many other such like things ye do. Mark 7:9 And he said unto them, Full well ye reject the commandment of ye may keep your own tradition.
Mark 7:10 For Moses said, Honour thy father and thy mother; and, Whoso curseth father or mother, let him die the death: Mark 7:11 But ye say, If a man shall say to his father or mother, It is Corban, that is to say, a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me; he shall be free. Mark 7:12 And ye suffer him no more to do ought for his father or his mother; Mark 7:13 Making the word of of none effect through your tradition, which ye have delivered: and many such like things do ye. Mark 7:14 And when he had called all the people unto him, he said unto them, Hearken unto me every one of you, and understand: Mark 7:15 There is nothing from without a man, that entering into him can defile him: but the things which come out of him, those are they that defile the man.
(entering into him can defile him: They were in Israel land where the swine is considered abominable and not permitted to eat. Matthew 8:31 So the devils besought him, saying, If thou cast us out, suffer us to go away into the herd of swine.)
DANGER: SWINE WILL KILL YOU
(but the things which come out of him: For from within, out of the heart of men, are those proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders, Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness: All these evil things come from within, and defile the man. The discussion is about washing of hands before eating not the food that they will eat and the evil things that come out of man NOT the eating of all food are clean to eat (In saying this, Jesus declared all foods clean is ADDED by DECEIVERS) Mark 7:16 If any man have ears to hear, let him hear. Mark 7:17 And when he was entered into the house from the people, his disciples asked him concerning the parable. Mark 7:18 And he saith unto them, Are ye so without understanding also? Do ye not perceive, that whatsoever thing from without entereth into the man, it cannot defile him; Mark 7:19 Because it entereth not into his heart, but into the belly, and goeth out into the draught, purging all meats? Mark 7:20 And he said, That which cometh out of the man, that defileth the man. Mark 7:21 For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders, Mark 7:22 Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness: Mark 7:23 All these evil things come from within, and defile the man.
DANGER: SWINE WILL KILL YOU
THESE ARE THE ABOMINABLE AND NOT TO EAT
these shall ye not eat of them that chew the cud, or of them that divide the hoof: as the camel, because he cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unclean unto you. the coney, because he cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unclean unto you.
Hare hare, because he cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unclean unto you.
Swine, pig, hog, boars the swine, though he divide the hoof, and be clovenfooted, yet he cheweth not the cud; he is unclean to you. Of their flesh shall ye not eat, and their carcase shall ye not touch; they are unclean to you.
DANGER: SWINE WILL KILL YOU
Octupus , Squid, Eel, Shark, shellfish, crabs, shrimps
And all that have not fins and scales in the seas, and in the rivers, of all that move in the waters, and of any living thing which is in the waters, they shall be an abomination unto you:They shall be even an abomination unto you; ye shall not eat of their flesh, but ye shall have their carcases in abomination. Whatsoever hath no fins nor scales in the waters, that shall be an abomination unto you.
Eagle, Ossifrage, Ospray, Vulture, Kite, Raven, Owl, Swan, Pelican, Gier eagle, Stork , Lapwing, Bat
DANGER: SWINE WILL KILL YOU
And these are they which ye shall have in abomination among the fowls; they shall not be eaten, they are an abomination: the eagle, and the ossifrage, and the ospray, And the vulture, and the kite after his kind; Every raven after his kind; And the owl, and the night hawk, and the cuckow, and the hawk after his kind, And the little owl, and the cormorant, and the great owl, And the swan, and the pelican, and the gier eagle, And the stork, the heron after her kind, and the lapwing, and the bat. All fowls that creep, going upon all four, shall be an abomination unto you.
But all other flying creeping things, which have four feet, shall be an abomination unto you.
Weasel, Mouse,Tortoise, Ferret, Chameleon, Snail, Mole
These also shall be unclean unto you among the creeping things that creep upon the earth; the weasel, and the mouse, and the tortoise after his kind, And the ferret, and the chameleon, and the lizard, and the snail, and the mole. These are unclean to you among all that creep: whosoever doth touch them, when they be dead, shall be unclean until the even. DANGER: SWINE WILL KILL YOU
Leviticus 11 Leviticus 11:1 And
spake unto Moses and to Aaron, saying unto them,
Leviticus 11:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, These are the beasts which ye shall eat among all the beasts that are on the earth. Leviticus 11:3 Whatsoever parteth the hoof, and is clovenfooted, and cheweth the cud, among the beasts, that shall ye eat. Leviticus 11:4 Nevertheless these shall ye not eat of them that chew the cud, or of them that divide the hoof: as the camel, because he cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unclean unto you. Leviticus 11:5 And the coney, because he cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unclean unto you. Leviticus 11:6 And the hare, because he cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unclean unto you. Leviticus 11:7 And the swine, though he divide the hoof, and be clovenfooted, yet he cheweth not the cud; he is unclean to you. Leviticus 11:8 Of their flesh shall ye not eat, and their carcase shall ye not touch; they are unclean to you. Leviticus 11:9 These shall ye eat of all that are in the waters: whatsoever hath fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, them shall ye eat. Leviticus 11:10 And all that have not fins and scales in the seas, and in the rivers, of all that move in the waters, and of any living thing which is in the waters, they shall be an abomination unto you: Leviticus 11:11 They shall be even an abomination unto you; ye shall not eat of their flesh, but ye shall have their carcases in abomination. Leviticus 11:12 Whatsoever hath no fins nor scales in the waters, that shall be an abomination unto you. Leviticus 11:13 And these are they which ye shall have in abomination among the fowls; they shall not be eaten, they are an abomination: the eagle, and the ossifrage, and the ospray, Leviticus 11:14 And the vulture, and the kite after his kind; Leviticus 11:15 Every raven after his kind; DANGER: SWINE WILL KILL YOU
Leviticus 11:16 And the owl, and the night hawk, and the cuckow, and the hawk after his kind, Leviticus 11:17 And the little owl, and the cormorant, and the great owl, Leviticus 11:18 And the swan, and the pelican, and the gier eagle, Leviticus 11:19 And the stork, the heron after her kind, and the lapwing, and the bat. Leviticus 11:20 All fowls that creep, going upon all four, shall be an abomination unto you. Leviticus 11:21 Yet these may ye eat of every flying creeping thing that goeth upon all four, which have legs above their feet, to leap withal upon the earth; Leviticus 11:22 Even these of them ye may eat; the locust after his kind, and the bald locust after his kind, and the beetle after his kind, and the grasshopper after his kind. Leviticus 11:23 But all other flying creeping things, which have four feet, shall be an abomination unto you. Leviticus 11:24 And for these ye shall be unclean: whosoever toucheth the carcase of them shall be unclean until the even. Leviticus 11:25 And whosoever beareth ought of the carcase of them shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even. Leviticus 11:26 The carcases of every beast which divideth the hoof, and is not clovenfooted, nor cheweth the cud, are unclean unto you: every one that toucheth them shall be unclean. Leviticus 11:27 And whatsoever goeth upon his paws, among all manner of beasts that go on all four, those are unclean unto you: whoso toucheth their carcase shall be unclean until the even. Leviticus 11:28 And he that beareth the carcase of them shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even: they are unclean unto you. Leviticus 11:29 These also shall be unclean unto you among the creeping things that creep upon the earth; the weasel, and the mouse, and the tortoise after his kind, Leviticus 11:30 And the ferret, and the chameleon, and the lizard, and the snail, and the mole. Leviticus 11:31 These are unclean to you among all that creep: whosoever doth touch them, when they be dead, shall be unclean until the even. DANGER: SWINE WILL KILL YOU
Leviticus 11:32 And upon whatsoever any of them, when they are dead, doth fall, it shall be unclean; whether it be any vessel of wood, or raiment, or skin, or sack, whatsoever vessel it be, wherein any work is done, it must be put into water, and it shall be unclean until the even; so it shall be cleansed. Leviticus 11:33 And every earthen vessel, whereinto any of them falleth, whatsoever is in it shall be unclean; and ye shall break it. Leviticus 11:34 Of all meat which may be eaten, that on which such water cometh shall be unclean: and all drink that may be drunk in every such vessel shall be unclean. Leviticus 11:35 And every thing whereupon any part of their carcase falleth shall be unclean; whether it be oven, or ranges for pots, they shall be broken down: for they are unclean, and shall be unclean unto you. Leviticus 11:36 Nevertheless a fountain or pit, wherein there is plenty of water, shall be clean: but that which toucheth their carcase shall be unclean. Leviticus 11:37 And if any part of their carcase fall upon any sowing seed which is to be sown, it shall be clean. Leviticus 11:38 But if any water be put upon the seed, and any part of their carcase fall thereon, it shall be unclean unto you. Leviticus 11:39 And if any beast, of which ye may eat, die; he that toucheth the carcase thereof shall be unclean until the even. Leviticus 11:40 And he that eateth of the carcase of it shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even: he also that beareth the carcase of it shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even. Leviticus 11:41 And every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth shall be an abomination; it shall not be eaten. Leviticus 11:42 Whatsoever goeth upon the belly, and whatsoever goeth upon all four, or whatsoever hath more feet among all creeping things that creep upon the earth, them ye shall not eat; for they are an abomination. Leviticus 11:43 Ye shall not make yourselves abominable with any creeping thing that creepeth, neither shall ye make yourselves unclean with them, that ye should be defiled thereby. Leviticus 11:44 For I am your Elohim: ye shall therefore sanctify yourselves, and ye shall be holy; for I am holy: neither shall ye defile yourselves with any manner of creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
DANGER: SWINE WILL KILL YOU
Leviticus 11:45 For I am that bringeth you up out of the land of Egypt, to be your Elohim: ye shall therefore be holy, for I am holy. Leviticus 11:46 This is the law of the beasts, and of the fowl, and of every living creature that moveth in the waters, and of every creature that creepeth upon the earth: Leviticus 11:47 To make a difference between the unclean and the clean, and between the beast that may be eaten and the beast that may not be eaten.
Trichinosis From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Not to be confused with Trichomoniasis or Trichuriasis.
Classification and external resources
Trichinella spiralis larva displayed in a typical coil shape.
DANGER: SWINE WILL KILL YOU
Trichinosis, also called trichinellosis, or trichiniasis, is a parasitic disease caused by eating raw or undercooked pork or wild game infected with the larvae of a species of roundworm Trichinella spiralis, commonly called the trichina worm. There are eight Trichinella species; five are encapsulated and three are not. Only three Trichinella species are known to cause trichinosis: T. spiralis, T. nativa, and T. britovi. The few cases in the United States are mostly the result of eating undercooked game, bear meat, or homereared pigs. It is common in developing countries where meat fed to pigs is raw or undercooked, but many cases also come from developed countries in Europe and North America, where raw or undercooked pork and wild game may be consumed as delicacies. 
Agent and taxonomy Agent The disease-causing agents include the eight species of Trichinella, but T. spiralis is the most important to humans due to its worldwide distribution and high pathogenicity. Species and characteristics
T. spiralis is most adapted to swine, most pathogenic in humans and is cosmopolitan in distribution. T. britovi is the second most common species to infect humans; it is distributed throughout Europe, Asia, and northern and western Africa. T. nativa, which has a high resistance to freezing, is found in the Arctic and subarctic regions; reservoir hosts include polar bears, arctic foxes, walruses and other wild game. T. pseudospiralis infects birds and mammals, and has demonstrated infection in humans;  it is a nonencapsulated species. T. papuae infects both mammals and reptiles, including crocodiles, humans, and pigs; this species, found in Papua New Guinea and Thailand, is also nonencapsulated. T. nelsoni, found in eastern Africa, has been documented to cause a few human cases. T. murrelli also infects humans, especially from black bear meat; it is distributed among wild carnivores in North America. T. zimbabwensis can infect mammals and possibly humans; this nonencapsulated spiecies was detected in reptiles of Africa.
Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Nematoda Class: Adenophorea Order: Trichurida Family: Trichinellidae Genus: Trichinella
History of the discovery Discovery of the parasite The circumstances surrounding the first observation and identification of Trichinella spiralis are controversial due to a lack of medical records. In 1835, James Paget, a first-year medical student, first observed the larval form of T. spiralis while witnessing an autopsy at St. Bartholomew’s Hospital in London. Paget took special interest in the presentation of muscle with white flecks, described as a ―sandy diaphragm‖. Although Paget is most likely the first person to have noticed and recorded these findings, the parasite was named and published in a report by his professor, Richard Owen, who is now credited for the discovery of the T. spiralis larval form. Discovery of the life cycle A series of experiments conducted between 1850 and 1870 by the German researchers Rudolf Virchow, Rudolf Leuckart and Friedrich Albert von Zenker, which involved feeding infected meat to a dog and performing the subsequent necropsy, led to the
DANGER: SWINE WILL KILL YOU
discovery of the life cycle of Trichinella. Through these experiments, Virchow was able to describe the development and infectivity of T. spiralis. Signs and symptoms
Trichinella spiralis larvae in muscle tissue The great majority of trichinosis infections have either minor or no symptoms and no complications.  There are two main phases for the infection: enteral (affecting the intestines) and parenteral (outside the intestines). The symptoms vary depending on the phase, species of Trichinella, amount of encysted larvae ingested, age, gender, and host immunity.  Enteral phase A large burden of adult worms in the intestines promote symptoms such as nausea, heartburn, dyspepsia, and diarrhea from two to seven days after infection, while small worm burdens generally are asymptomatic. Eosinophilia presents early and increases rapidly. Parenteral phase The severity of symptoms caused by larval migration from the intestines depends on the number of larvae produced. As the larvae migrate through tissue and vessels, the body's inflammatory response results in edema, muscle pain, fever, and weakness. A classic sign of trichinosis is periorbital edema, swelling around the eyes, which may be caused by vasculitis. Splinter hemorrhage in the nails is also a common symptom. The most dangerous case is worms entering the central nervous system (CNS). They cannot survive there, but they may cause enough damage to produce serious neurological deficits (such as ataxia or respiratory paralysis), and even death. The CNS is compromised by trichinosis in 10-24% of reported cases of a rare form of stroke. Trichinosis can be fatal depending on the severity of the infection; death can occur 4–6 weeks after the infection, and is usually caused by myocarditis, encephalitis, or pneumonia. Life cycle The typical life cycle for T. spiralis involves humans, pigs, and rodents. Pigs become infected when they eat infectious cysts in raw meat, often pork or rats (sylvatic cycle). Humans become infected when they eat raw or undercooked infected pork (domestic cycle). After humans ingest the cysts from infected undercooked meat, pepsin and hydrochloric acid help free the larvae in the cysts in the stomach. The larvae then migrate to the small intestine, where they molt four times before becoming adults. Thirty to 34 hours after the cysts were originally ingested, the adults mate, and within five days produce larvae.  The worms can only reproduce for a limited time because the immune system will eventually expel them from the small intestine.  The larvae then use their piercing mouthpart, called the ―stylet‖, to pass through the intestinal mucosa and enter the lymphatic vessels, and then enter the DANGER: SWINE WILL KILL YOU
bloodstream. The larvae travel by capillaries to various organs, such as the retina, myocardium, or lymph nodes; however, only larvae that migrate to skeletal muscle cells survive and encyst. The larval host cell becomes a nurse cell in which the larvae will encapsulate. The development of a capillary network around the nurse cell completes encystation of the larvae.
Diagnosis Diagnosis of trichinosis is confirmed by a combination of exposure history, clinical diagnosis, and laboratory testing. Exposure history An epidemiological investigation can be done to determine a patient's exposure to raw infected meat. Often, an infection arises from home-preparation of contaminated meat, in which case microscopy can be used to determine the infection. However, exposure does not have to be directly from an infected animal. Other exposure includes the consumption of products from a laboratory-confirmed infected animal or by sharing a common exposure as a laboratory-confirmed infected human. Clinical diagnosis Clinical presentation of the common trichinosis symptoms may also suggest infection. These symptoms include circumorbital edema, splinter hemorrhage, nonspecific gastroenteritis, and muscle pain. The case definition for trichinosis at the European Center for Disease Control states "at least three of the following six: fever, muscle soreness and pain, gastrointestinal symptoms, facial edema, eosinophilia, and subconjuctival, subungual, and retinal hemorrhages."  Laboratory testing
DANGER: SWINE WILL KILL YOU
Serological tests and microscopy can be used to confirm a diagnosis of trichinosis. Serological tests include a blood test for eosinophilia, increased levels of creatine phosphokinase, IgG, and antibodies against newly hatched larvae. Immunoassays, such as ELISA, can also be used. Treatment and vaccines As is desirable with most diseases, early treatment is better and decreases the risk of developing disease. If larvae do encyst in skeletal muscle cells, they can remain infectious for months to years. Primary treatment Early administration of anthelmintics, such as mebendazole or albendazole, decreases the likelihood of larval encystation, particularly if given within three days of infection  Unfortunately, most cases are diagnosed after this time. Mebendazole (200–400 mg three times a day for three days) or albendazole (400 mg twice a day for 8–14 days) are given to treat trichinosis. These drugs prevent newly hatched larvae from developing, but should not be given to pregnant women or children under two years of age. Secondary treatment After infection, steroids, such as prednisone and pyrantel, may be used to relieve muscle pain associated with larval migration. Vaccine research There are currently no vaccines for trichinosis, although experimental mice studies have suggested a possibility. In one study, microwaved Trichinella larvae were used to immunize mice which were subsequently infected. Depending on dosage and frequency of immunization, results ranged from a decreased larval count to complete protection from trichinosis.  Another study, Dea-Ayuela et al. (2006) used extracts and excretory-secretory products from first stage larvae to produce an oral vaccine. To prevent the gastric acids from dissolving the antigens before reaching the small intestine, scientists encapsulated the antigens in a microcapsule made of copolymers. This vaccine significantly increased CD4+ cells and increased antigen-specific serum IgGq and IgA, resulting in a statistically significant reduction in the average number of adult worms in the small intestine of mice. The significance of this approach is that if the white blood cells in the small intestine have been exposed to Trichinella antigens (through vaccination) then, when an individual gets infected, the immune system will respond to expel the worms from the small intestine fast enough to prevent the female worms from releasing their larvae. Yuan Gu et al. (2008) tested a DNA vaccine on mice which ―induced a muscle larvae burden reduction in BALB/c mice by 29% in response to T. spiralis infection‖.  Researchers trying to develop a vaccine for Trichinella have tried to using either ―larval extracts, excretory-secretory antigen, DNA vaccine, or recombinant antigen protein.‖  Epidemiology As early as 1835, trichinosis was known to have been caused by a parasite, but the mechanism of infection was unclear at the time. A decade later, American scientist Joseph Leidy pinpointed undercooked meat as the primary vector for the parasite, and it was not until two decades afterwards that this hypothesis was fully accepted by the scientific community. About 11 million individuals are infected with Trichinella; Trichinella spiralis is the species responsible for most of these infections. Infection was once very common, but is now rare in the developed world. The incidence of trichinosis in the U.S. has decreased dramatically in the past century. From 1997 to 2001, an annual average of 12 cases per year were reported in the United States. The number of cases has decreased because of legislation prohibiting the feeding of raw meat garbage to hogs, increased commercial and home freezing of pork, and the public awareness of the danger of eating raw or undercooked pork products.  In the developing world, most infections are associated with undercooked pork. For example, in Thailand, between 200 and 600 cases are reported annually around the Thai New Year. This is mostly attributable to a particular delicacy, larb, which calls for undercooked pork as part of the recipe. In parts of Eastern Europe, the World Health Organization (WHO) reports some swine herds have trichinosis infection rates above 50%, and there are correspondingly large numbers of human infections.  Reemergence The disappearance of the pathogen from domestic pigs has led to a relaxation of legislation and control efforts by veterinary public health systems. It has since been thought of as a reemerging zoonosis supplemented by the increased distribution of meat products, political changes, a changing climate, and increasing sylvatic transmission.
DANGER: SWINE WILL KILL YOU
It is also important to keep in mind major socio-political changes can produce conditions that favor the resurgence of Trichinella infections in swine and, consequently, humans. For instance, ―the overthrow of the social and political structures in the 1990s‖ in Romania led to an increase in the incidence rate of trichinosis. There is also a high incidence of trichinosis among refugees from Southeast Asia. China reports approximately 10,000 cases every year, and is therefore the country with the highest numbers of cases. In China, between 1964-1998 over 20,000 people were infected with Trichinosis and over 200 people died.  The kashrut and halal dietary laws of Judaism and Islam prohibit eating pork. In the 19th century, when the association between trichinosis and undercooked pork was first established, it was suggested this association was the reason for the prohibition, reminiscent of the earlier opinion of the medieval Jewish philosopher Maimonides that food forbidden by Jewish law was "unwholesome". This theory was controversial and eventually fell out of favor.  International Commission on Trichinellosis The International Commission on Trichinellosis (ICT) was created in 1958 in Budapest and is aiming to exchange information on the biology, the physiopathology, the epidemiology, the immunology, and the clinical aspects of trichinellosis in humans and animals. Prevention is a primary goal. Since the creation of the ICT, its members (more than 110 from 46 countries) have regularly gathered and worked together during meetings held every four years : the International Conference on Trichinellosis. Prevention Legislation Laws and rules required of food producers may improve food safety for consumers, such as the rules established by the European Commission for inspections, rodent control, and improved hygiene. Similar protocol exists in the United States in the USDA guidelines for establishment responsibilities in inspecting pork. Education and training Public education about the dangers of consuming raw and undercooked meat, especially pork, may reduce infection rates. Hunters are also an at-risk population due to their contact and consumption of wild game, including bear. As such, many states, such as New York, require the completion of a course in such matters before a hunting license can be obtained. Food preparation Larvae may be inactivated by the heating, freezing (caution), or irradiation of raw meat. Freezing may only be effective for T. spiralis, since some other species, such as T. nativa, are freeze resistant and can survive long-term freezing.
Cooking meat products to an internal temperature of 165 °F (74 °C) for a minimum of 15 seconds. Cooking pork to a minimum uniform internal temperature per USDA Title 9 section 318.10 Table below. It is prudent to use a margin of error to allow for variation in internal temperature and error in the thermometer.
°F °C Minimum Time 120 49
122 50.0 9.5 hours 124 51.1 4.5hours 126 52.2 2 hours 128 53.4 1 hours 130 54.5 30 minutes 132 55.6 15 minutes 134 56.7 6 minutes 136 57.8 3 minutes 138 58.9 2 minutes 140 60.0 1 minute 142 61.1 1 minute 144 62.2 Instant
Freezing pork less than 6 inches thick for 20 days at 5 °F (−15 °C) or three days at −4 °F (−20 °C) kills larval worms.
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Cooking wild game meat thoroughly. Freezing wild game meats, unlike freezing pork products, even for long periods of time, may not effectively kill all worms. This is because the species that typically infects wild game is more resistant to freezing than the species that infects pigs.
Unsafe and unreliable methods of cooking meat include the use of microwave ovens, curing, drying, and smoking, as these methods are difficult to standardize and control. Hygienic pig farming
Cooking all meat fed to pigs or other wild animals Keeping pigs in clean pens with floors that can be washed (such as concrete) Not allowing hogs to eat uncooked carcasses of other animals, including rats, which may be infected with Trichinella Cleaning meat grinders thoroughly when preparing ground meats Control and destruction of meat containing trichinae, e.g., removal and proper disposal of porcine diaphragms prior to public sale of meat
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention makes the following recommendation: "Curing (salting), drying, smoking, or microwaving meat does not consistently kill infective worms." However, under controlled commercial food processing conditions, some of these methods are considered effective by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). The USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is responsible for the regulations concerning the importation of swine from foreign countries. The Foreign Origin Meat and Meat Products, Swine section covers swine meat (cooked, cured and dried, and fresh). APHIS developed the National Trichinae Certification Program; this is a voluntary ―preharvest‖ program for U.S. swine producers ―that will provide documentation of swine management practices‖ to reduce the incidence of Trichinella in swine. The CDC reports 0.013% of U.S. swine is infected with Trichinella. See also
List of parasites (human) Trichinella spiralis
References 1. 2. 3.
4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.
13. 14. 15.
^ a b Pozio, E., & Murrell, D. K. (2006). Systematics and Epidemiology of Trichinella. Advances in Parasitology, 63, 368439. ^ Gottstein, B et al: "Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Control of Trichinellosis", Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 22(1)127-145. Jan 2009. ^ a b Pozio E, et al. ―Trichinella zimbabwensis n.sp. (Nematoda), a new non-encapsulated species from crocodiles (Crocodylus niloticus) in Zimbabwe also infecting mammals.‖ Int J Parasitol. 2002 Dec 19;32(14):1787-99. < http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12464425>. ^ Jongwutiwes S et al ―First outbreak of human trichinellosis caused by Trichinella pseudospiralis.‖ Clin Infect Dis. 1998 Jan;26(1):111-5. ^ a b Cook GC, "Outbreak of trichinosis (trichiniasis)—contracted in London in 1879" Postgrad Med J 2001;77:62-63 ^ Blumer G. ―Some remarks on the early history of Trichinosis (1822-1866).‖ Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine 1(6)581-588. ^ a b c d e f Capo, V. & Despommier, D. D. (1996). Clinical Aspects of Infection with Trichinella spp. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 9, 47-54. ^ Bruschi F, Murrell KD. ―New aspects of human trichinellosis: the impact of new Trichinella species.‖ Postgrad Med J 2002;78:15-22 doi:10.1136/pmj.78.915.15, ^ a b John D and William A. Petri. Markell and Voge's Medical Parasitology. 9th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders, 2006. ^ Evans, R.W. & Patter, B.M. (1982) Trichinosis associated with superior sagittal sinus thrombosis. Annals of Neurology, 11 (2), 216-217. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Gottstein B, et al. ―Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Control of Trichinellosis.‖ Clinical Microbiology Reviews, January 2009, p. 127-145, Vol. 22, No. 1. ^ "Monograph - Mebendazole". medscape.com. http://www.medscape.com/druginfo/monograph?cid=med&drugid=4254&drugname=Mebendazole+Misc&monotype=mo nograph. Retrieved 2009-02-24. ^ Ali SM, et al. ―Immunization against trichinellosis using microwaved larvae of Trichinella spiralis.‖ J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 2007 Apr;37(1):121-33. ^ Dea-Ayuela, M. A., Iniguz, S.R., Fernandez, F.B. (2006). Vaccination of mice against intestinal Trichinella spiralis infections by oral administration of antigens microencapsulated in methacrilic acid copolymers. Vaccine, 24, 2772–2780. ^ a b Gu, Y., Li, J., Zhu, X., Yang, J., Li, Q., Liu, Z., Yu, S., Li, Y. (2008). Trichinella spiralis: Characterization of phagedisplayed specific epitopes and their protective immunity in BALB/c mice. Experimental Parasitology, 118, 66–74.
DANGER: SWINE WILL KILL YOU
16. ^ Gideon (1994). Gideon Informatics Inc. Retrieved January 31, 2009, from http://web.gideononline.com/web/epidemiology/?gdn_form=dmlldz1HZW5lcmFsJmRpc2Vhc2U9MTI0MTA= 17. ^ "Trichinellosis Fact Sheet – Division of Parasitic Diseases". Centre for Disease Control, US Government. 2004. http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dpd/parasites/trichinosis/factsht_trichinosis.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 18. ^ Murrell KD, Pozio E. ―Trichinellosis: the zoonosis that won’t go quietly.‖ International Journal for Parasitology. 30(2000)1339-1349. 19. ^ Blaga, R., Durand, B., Antoniu, S., Gherman, C., Cretu, C.M., Cozma, V., Boireau, P. (2007). A dramatic increase in the incidence of human trichinellosis in Romania over the past 25 years: impact of political changes and regional food habits. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 983–986. 20. ^ Gu, Y., Li, J., Zhu, X., Yang, J., Li, Q., Liu, Z., Yu, S. & Li, Y. (2008). Trichinella spiralis: Characterization of phagedisplayed specific epitopes and their protective immunity in BALB/c mice. Experimental Parasitology, 118, 66-74. 21. ^ pp. 67-70, chapter 4, Good to Eat: Riddles of Food and Culture, Marvin Harris, New York: Simon and Schuster, 1985, ISBN 0-671-50366-9. 22. ^ United States Department of Agriculture – Food Safety and Inspection Service. ―NSS NRTE/RTE Establishment Responsibilities.‖ (2006). 23. ^ New York State Department of Environmental Conservation – Hunting Licenses <www.dec.ny.gov/permits/6094.html> 24. ^ In addition, out of the reports of trichinosis in the United States, all have been a result of mass produce, particularly in large venues such as cafeterias and mall food courts. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Parasitic Diseases (2004-07-15). "Parasitic Disease Information - Trichinellosis". http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dpd/parasites/trichinosis/factsht_trichinosis.htm. Retrieved 2007-01-28. 25. ^ United States Department of Agriculture. "Electronic Code of Federal Regulations; Title 9: Animals and Animal Products; PART 318—ENTRY INTO OFFICIAL ESTABLISHMENTS; REINSPECTION AND PREPARATION OF PRODUCTS; § 318.10 Prescribed treatment of pork and products containing pork to destroy trichinae". http://ecfr.gpoaccess.gov/cgi/t/text/textidx?c=ecfr&sid=f9361ee66063187dffee4c083c24b6a7&rgn=div5&view=text&node=9:18.104.22.168.19&idno=9#9:22.214.171.124.19.1. 21.9. Retrieved 2007-01-28. 26. ^ a b APHIS. USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service APHIS - Veterinary Services. Retrieved February 11, 2009, http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/trichinae/
The text of the original version of this article was taken from the public domain resource at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dpd/parasites/trichinosis/factsht_trichinosis.htm Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Trichinosis Surveillance, United States, 1987–1990, MMWR 1991;40:(SS3)35-42. Moorhead A, Grunenwald PE, Dietz VJ, Schantz PM. Trichinellosis in the United States, 1991-1996: Declining but not gone. Am J Trop Med Hyg 1999; 60:66-69. USDA regulations - Title 9 - Chapter 3 - Part 318 - includes "Prescribed treatment of pork and products containing pork to destroy trichinae."
International Commission on trichinellosis web pages CDC Department of Parasitic Diseases - Trichinosis
DANGER: SWINE WILL KILL YOU
THE SWINE Leviticus 11:7 And the swine, though he divide the hoof, and be clovenfooted, yet he cheweth not the cud; he is unclean to you. Deuteronomy 14:8 And the swine, because it divideth the hoof, yet cheweth not the cud, it is unclean unto you: ye shall not eat of their flesh, nor touch their dead carcase. Proverbs 11:22 As a jewel of gold in a swine's snout, so is a fair woman which is without discretion. Isaiah 65:4 Which remain among the graves, and lodge in the monuments, which eat swine's flesh, and broth of abominable things is in their vessels; Isaiah 66:3 He that killeth an ox is as if he slew a man; he that sacrificeth a lamb, as if he cut off a dog's neck; he that offereth an oblation, as if he offered swine's blood; he that burneth incense, as if he blessed an idol. Yea, they have chosen their own ways, and their soul delighteth in their abominations. Isaiah 66:17 They that sanctify themselves, and purify themselves in the gardens behind one tree in the midst, eating swine's flesh, and the abomination, and the mouse, shall be consumed together, saith . Matthew 7:6 Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither cast ye your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn again and rend you. Matthew 8:30 And there was a good way off from them an herd of many swine feeding. Matthew 8:31 So the devils besought him, saying, If thou cast us out, suffer us to go away into the herd of swine. Matthew 8:32 And he said unto them, Go. And when they were come out, they went into the herd of swine: and, behold, the whole herd of swine ran violently down a steep place into the sea, and perished in the waters. Mark 5:11 Now there was there nigh unto the mountains a great herd of swine feeding. Mark 5:12 And all the devils besought him, saying, Send us into the swine, that we may enter into them. Mark 5:13 And forthwith gave them leave. And the unclean spirits went out, and entered into the swine: and the herd ran violently down a steep place into the sea, (they were about two thousand;) and were choked in the sea. Mark 5:14 And they that fed the swine fled, and told it in the city, and in the country. And they went out to see what it was that was done. DANGER: SWINE WILL KILL YOU
Mark 5:16 And they that saw it told them how it befell to him that was possessed with the devil, and also concerning the swine. Luke 8:32 And there was there an herd of many swine feeding on the mountain: and they besought him that he would suffer them to enter into them. And he suffered them. Luke 8:33 Then went the devils out of the man, and entered into the swine: and the herd ran violently down a steep place into the lake, and were choked. Luke 15:15 And he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country; and he sent him into his fields to feed swine. Luke 15:16 And he would fain have filled his belly with the husks that the swine did eat: and no man gave unto him.
DANGER: SWINE WILL KILL YOU
THE CURSED SWINE By DR.GERALD B. WINROD
Editor of the “Defender”, Wichita, Kansas
U.S. Public Health Services a
CURSED SWINE By DR.GERALD B. WINROD Editor of the “Defender”, Wichita, Kansas The true science and the Bible are the best of friends. There is discord between the theories of scientists and the dogma of religionists. Render unto science the things that belong to science but render unto YAHWEH the things that are for Almighty One. Science is the servant of Christianity, not its master. Science reads the Book of books. There is perfect harmony between the two books; the difficulty often arises from the eyes through which these books are read. One of the amazing things about the Pentateuch is the fact of its absolute scientific accuracy. It is one of the most scientific documents ever written. Moses was one of the greatest scientific minds that ever lived. Exact statements of scientific laws only discovered in recent years will often be found in these sacred pages. Moses declared against the eating of any flesh that was killed by strangling or dying of itself. Moses knew the great scientific truth that putrid blood is poison. The nervous shock to the blood and flesh of an animal killed by strangling produces a poisonous condition making it unfit for table use. The law provided carefully for the bleeding and draining of flesh to be used as food. One well-known writer says, “This include a chicken whose neck has been wrung instead of being cut so as to properly bleed the victim; also, all creatures that are killed with a hammer instead of being bled, as are most of our beef cattle. The law provided that a keen knife be used to bleed them, thus enabling the heart to pump all the blood from the veins and leave the flesh free from all deleterious matter, which can never be done if the action of the heart is stopped by first striking down the animal. Has this law become obsolete? Never, as Yahshu’a the Messiah said, “Till heaven and earth pass away”. For our physical welfare only, YAHWEH wisely and kindly forbade the eating of blood in any and all forms. As an article of diet there are few more dangerous substances known that putrid blood. It is a venomous poison, and even the most thorough cooking does not entirely destroy the direful results. “The direful acts of some butchers in drinking warm blood are based on the densest ignorance, and yield their fearful fruits in an imbuted soul and a diseased brain and body”. LEVITICUS ELEVEN The eleven chapter of Leviticus is one of the mountain peaks of the Mosaic Law. It deals with diet. If the system promulgated here was observed today, the human race would be immune to about nine-tenths of its diseases. An old proverb says, “Tell me what you eat and I will tell you what you are”. There is a very real sense in which we are, physically, just what we eat. Leviticus 11:2 “These are the beasts which ye shall eat among all the beasts that are on the earth. Whatsoever parted the hoof, and is cloven-footed, and cheweth the cud, among the beasts, that shall ye eat”. This instructions were not arbitrary with YAHWEH or with Moses. They were revelations of great moral laws meant for the betterment of the nation. To oppose these laws was to break laws intended for the highest good of the people. The instructions were rooted in true science. Who told Moses? When the animals were killed and bled properly, we were permitted to eat cud-chewing, cloven-footed land animals, and water animals possessing fins and scales. In verses four to seven the following animals are forbidded: camel, coney, hare and swine. Certain fowls are forbidden while others are permitted. The animals possessing a cud and divided hoof have virtually three (3) stomachs as refining and purifying centers. They take in only vegetable foods and is requires twenty-four hours for this food to change into flesh. The food is refined, cleansed, purified, with poisonous matter removed by the cud process before it is built into the physical structure of the animal. It was not a matter of religious ceremony
that the cud-chewing beast was permitted for food. It was a physiological provision for the welfare of the nation and for all subsequent generations that would abide by these supernaturally inspired instructions. THE CURSED SWINE Noticed that the swine is strictly forbidden. “And the swine, though he divide the hoof, and be clovenfooted, yet he chew not the cud; he is UNCLEAN TO YOU.”- Leviticus 11:7. The hog is an ugly creature. Nothing good can be said about him. The hog was in his proper sphere when Yahshu’a Messiah cast the demons out of the Gadarene and into the swine, as described in the eight chapter of Luke. The swine anatomy produces a bad appetite and it has a poorly built stomach. Within three hours from the time he grunts out of the mud to his swilltrough or putrid carrion, he may be butchered and man may eat him, assumed that the dirty, filthy, diseased matter has been changed into flesh, pork chops and spare ribs. Moses passes condemnation upon this kind of food. The best the hog can give you is produced from the dirtiest, filthiest, most rotten, most diseased material in the world. He is the muckraker of the farm. The food that it eats is polluted even before it passes into his polluted body. The best of modern science says that many of the worst diseases to which western civilization is subject to-day, can be traced to the blunder of eating pork. Moreover, in moral sense, animal flesh stirs to action the baser passions of the flesh life of depraved human nature – the very passions which Christians should be most eager to have destroyed through self-crucifixion. The hog can live only about eight years at best because his diet is so deadly poison. “The swine is a scavenger, the turkey buzzard of the animal kingdom, the hyena or jackal of civilization; and not withstanding the preaching of some of the contrary. YAHWEH has never cleansed or sanctified or transformed him. He is still a hog” –This is the language of one informed scholars. “EAT SWINE AND INHERIT FROM HIM ALL MANNER OF BLOOD DISEASES, STOMACH TROUBLES, LIVER ILLS, CANCERS and TUMORS”! He is the cause of much suffering. He deserved the curse that Moses placed upon him. Jews and Japanese, Muslim, who eat no pork, known little or nothing of the diseases which the hog hung on ancient Egypt and the western civilization of today. It is said that there was no word for cancer in the original Hebrew language. However cancer has become a fearful curse among Jews in recent years, and all because the modern Jew is letting down the bars on pork eating. An eminent preacher has this to say: “If you examine carefully you will find a small abrasion just behind the front foot of the pig. Rub it off clean and press the leg just above the abrasion and you may squeeze a teaspoonful of dirty matter from it. This is the outlet of sewer pipe that may be traced all through the animal’s body. It helps to drain off the teeming filth with which the system is filled. If this external opening become clogged, the animal will run about and grunt and rub his leg on anything handy, and manifest great pain. He seems almost to know that he will soon sicken of so-called cholera and bloodpoison and die of his own internal filth, unless he keeps this sewer open. “On a close analysis of this filthy, scrofulous serum – the ‘culture’ of its bacilli under varied conditions – it is seen to contain the elements of many dangerous diseases; yet how toothsome are ‘pickled pig feet’ to ignorance, unbelief, and disobedience. It is this internal and intrinsic vileness that causes a large percentage of our hogs to be filled with trichina and results in such havoc to human health. “We might be excused from diverting our attention from the scientific side of this discussion long enough to insert a few remarks on this heaven-forbidden delicacy. This creature, which has been condemned both logically and theologically, takes precedence with ignorance over all the creatures of the creation as an article of diet. He, of all creatures, is literally devoured. His body is eaten, his head turned into head cheese, and even his ears and tail inserted. His blood is turned into blood pudding; his stomach is transformed into tripe; his feet are pickled; his intestines are used for sausage covers, his heart, liver and kidneys are cooked; and his very bristles are sought for wax ends, etc. There is not even his grunt left unused, for the transgressors against YAHWEH and nature’s laws take up this undesirable remnant, and often grunt with disease and squeal in pain caused by their folly. Surely a man is what he eats. Is the law against this dirty, deadly diet obsolete? Ask the dyspeptic, the cancerous victim, or the consumptive.”
LAW AND GRACE Yahshu’a Messiah great respect for the law of Moses. While some of the ordinance of worship were set aside by the advancement of Christianity over rites and symbols of Jewish worship, yet the great moral laws of Mosaic code remain unchanged. Yahshu’a Messiah said “Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one title shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled”. ( Matthew 5:18). TRICHINOSIS Trichinosis, a disease directly traceable to infection from eating the flesh of swine, is very, very seldom correctly diagnosed. Research on the infection with TRICHNIELLA SPIRALIS among the population of U.S. has been carried on under the skillful supervision of Dr. Willard H. Wright, Chief of the U.S. Zoology Lab. Dr. Thomas Parran, Surgeon General, Head of U.S. Public Health Services, makes the startling declaration that there are now 16,000,000 cases of Trichinosis in the U.S.A. Prof. Maurice Hall reports that out of 222 cases of Trichinosis (from a study of cadavers from hospitals), not one was correctly diagnosed! One of America’s greatest researchers on the problem states: “Upon the ingestion of the third stage larvae in infested muscle, the larvae are freed from the cyst by the action of the gastric juices and then proceed to migrate to the intestine. Here they develop to maturity and after fertilization the adult worms produce living embryos which invade the blood stream and are carried to all of the voluntary muscles of the body. These embryos develop in a relatively short time to third stage larvae in the muscles. The larvae remain alive during the low heat processing which transforms the SWINE’S FLESH (Isa.65: 3-4; 66: 17) into summer sausage, wienerwurst, frankfurters, etc. “When consumed by humans, the digestive juices in the stomach dissolve around the coiled worms and set them free. The young larvae born in the small intestine then begin to take their horrible toll. They travel through the body through the blood stream and lymphatics, and may lodge either temporarily or permanently in the glands and lymph nodes, brain, heart, skeletal muscles, or other tissue. It will thus be seen that the symptoms of different sufferers vary greatly and are not different than symptoms of other diseases, both infection and non-infection and the disease is difficult to diagnose. This horrible disease is diagnosed by physicians as “Ptomaine poisoning”, “Intestinal Influenza”, “Malaria”, Acute Alcoholism”, “Typhoid Fever”, “Appendicitis”, “Colitis”, “Ulcer”, “Gall Bladder Involvement”, Scarlet Fever”, “Asthma”, “Pneumonia”, “Neuritis”, “Mumps”, “Rheumatism”, “T.B.”, “Undulant Fever”, “Lead Poisoning”, etc, etc. When the larvae lodge around the heart, the disease is diagnosed as various forms of “Heart Disease”, etc. etc… It realy it is “TRICHINOSIS” ! One reason million of people are infected with Trichinosis is because pork is used so widely as an adulterant in meat product.. The P.H.R. concludes that of the total persons dying over the period of these surveys, ONE out of SIX was infected with the Trichina parasite ! Further more, the hog is such a dangerous carrier of disease because the animal itself is diseased. Its lungs are frequently filled with ‘tubercules’. In 75 cases of 100 you will find the liver filled with abcesses. Lard then is nothing more than extract of a diseased carcass..” In Isaiah 65: 3-4 “A people that provoke ME to anger continually to MY FACE; that sacrificed in gardens, and burned incense upon altars of brick; which remain among the graves, and lodge in the monuments, which EAT SWINE’S FLESH, and broth of ABOMINABLE things is in their vessels “. In Isaiah 66: 17 “They that sanctify themselves, and purify themselves in the gardens behind one tree in the midst, EATING SWINE’S FLESH, and the ABOMINABLE, and the MOUSE, shall be consumed together, said YAHWEH” . (Do you wish to order “pork chops” for dinner tonight ? )