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PARAGRAPH UNITY Read the following paragraph and try to answer these questions: •

What is the topic of the paragraph?

Does this paragraph have “unity”? / Do all the sentences support the topic of the paragraph found in the topic sentence? •

Can you identify the sentences that are irrelevant to the topic? •


When it comes to size, cars are divided into three types: 2-door coupes, 4-door sedans, and SUV’s. The 2door coupes, for example Toyota Celica, are usually driven by a single driver or a couple without children. The hybrid cars are cars that run mainly on electricity and need less petrol than the regular cars. The 4-door sedans, for instance Toyota Camry, can have up to five passengers as the back doors allow easy entry for up to three passengers. Countries like the USA, Germany, and Japan are considered among the biggest car makers in the world. Finally, the SUV’s, like the Toyota Land Cruiser and GMC Yukon, are four-wheel cars which have five to seven seats, used for large families, and can be driven off-road.


When it comes to size, cars are divided into three types: 2-door coupes, 4-door sedans, and SUV’s. The 2door coupes, for example Toyota Celica, are usually driven by a single driver or a couple without children. (1) The hybrid cars are cars that run mainly on electricity and need less petrol than the regular cars. The 4-door sedans, for instance Toyota Camry, can have up to five passengers as the back doors allow easy entry for up to (2) three passengers. Countries like the USA, Germany, and Japan are considered among the biggest car makers in the world. Finally, the SUV’s, like the Toyota Land Cruiser and GMC Yukon, are four-wheel cars which have five to seven seats, used for large families and can be driven offroad.


The sentences highlighted in red are irrelevant. Why? The topic of the paragraph, as stated in the topic sentence, is car types according to size. Sentence (1) talks about a car type according to petrol consumption, i.e. petrol use not according to size. Sentence (2) talks about the countries which are famous for making cars. Both sentences have nothing to do with the topic of the paragraph.


PLANNING: CREATING AN OUTLINE Let’s suppose that we want to write a paragraph about football or soccer. We start by creating an outline of what information we will use and how to organize this information. Here’s an example


I. History of football A. Early beginnings B. Modern football II. Major Competitions A. World Level 1. The world Cup 2. The Olympics B. Continent Level 1. The European Championship 2. The Asian Cup 3. The African Cup 4. The Copa America, South America 5. The CONCACAF, North and Central Americas C. Country Level (famous examples) 1. Spanish La Liga 2. The English Premier league 3. The Italian Serie A 4. The German Bundeslega


Exercise 5 Paragraph Structure and Length (page 47) Add at least two sentences of support to the topic sentences below. 2. In order to get a good job, English is becoming more important. We can use one or more of the support ways mentioned on page 41. let’s try extending this topic sentence by causal analysis and giving examples. We can say: (topic sentence)

In order to get a good job, English is becoming more important. (causal analysis)The reason why English is important is because it is the language of today’s world. It’s the language of science, technology, business and economics. (examples ) For example, a Saudi engineer will need English to be able to have a meeting or exchange emails with a Chinese company . A Brazilian pilot, trying to land his plane in King Khaled International Airport in Riyadh will use English to communicate with the airport staff. (concluding sentence)In order to be successful in today’s world, a good skill in English is a must.

Paragraph Unity and Planning  

English 101- Chapter 1

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