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Writing Short Definitions or formal definitions

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Term

The word you are trying to define Example: A camel

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Group or Class

The general group the term belongs to. Example: A camel is an animal...

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Specific Differences

the details that make the term different from the rest of the group Example: A camel is an animal with a hump that lives in the desert.

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we introduce definitions using: is ...can be defined as... We can define...as... ...is called/is knwon as...

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to write the specific differences you need... A relative clause introduced by a relative pronoun like that, who, which, whose... Electricity is a form of energy observable in positive and negative forms that occurs naturally or is produced and that is expressed in terms of the movement and interaction of electrons. (Merriem Webster)

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Relative clauses Look at these two sentences: Electricity is a form of energy. It occurs naturally. By using a relative pronoun (that) I can join these two sentences together: Electricity is a form of energy that occurs naturally. that refers to “a form of energy” (groups or class) “it” in “it occurs naturally”, is replaced by “that”

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clauses this sentence has two parts, or two clauses: Electricity is a form of energy that occurs naturally. 1

2

One them can stand alone, the other cannot. which one?

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there are two types of clauses dependent clauses (cannot stand alone) independent clause (can stand alone) Electricity is a form of energy that occurs naturally. Independent clause

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relative pronoun

dependent clause

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relative pronouns that:

for things and people

which:

for things only

who:

for people

whose:

for possessives

where:

for places

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Definitions  

English 101-Chapter 1

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