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English 3rd ESO – Unit 2

Uni1 2: I am what I am Contents  Grammar: Present perfect. Contrast between present perfect, present simple and past simple.  Vocabulary: Jobs, unusual experiences, summer jobs.  Objective: Learn the present perfect and its contrast with the present simple and past simple. Work with vocabulary about jobs and careers. Try to dream about the future.  Materials used: Burlington books photocopiable material and web resources.

1st task: Vocabulary

1. Which jobs in the word cloud…     

Help people?

2. In your opinion, which jobs … 

Have got the most prestige?

Are the most interesting?

Are the most popular?

Are the most stressful?

Require training?

Require university degrees?

Are physical?

Are creative?

3. What other jobs do you know in English?

4. Think about your future job? What would your ideal profession be? Why? 1


English 3rd ESO – Unit 2

2nd task: Listening 

Listen to these friends talking about jobs. Which jobs do they discuss? Are they interested in the same jobs?

__________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ 

Which jobs mentioned in the conversation do the following sentences refer to? 1. You listen to other people’s problems. _______________________________ 2. It’s not a very highly paid job. _______________________________ 3. You save people’s lives. _______________________________ 4. You tell other people what to do. _______________________________

3rd task: Reading

They’re beautiful and talented. They make us laugh and cry. And they get millions to do their jobs. Who are these people? They are the modern superstars: professional athletes and film actors, the multimillionaires of modern times.

Football star Cristiano Ronaldo earns €9 million a year. NBA basketball players Shaquille O’Neal and Kobe Bryant get about $21 million (€16 million) a year. The same is true of film stars. Actors like Tom Hanks, Johnny Depp, Will Smith and Tom Cruise belong to the “$20 The average salary of a firefighter or a policeman in

million club.”

Britain is about £30,000 (€34,000) a year. This means

They get this salary for one film.

that people in these jobs must work more than 20

Actresses Angelina Jolie and Jennifer

years to make the same money Ronaldo makes in a

Aniston have also earned $15-20 million

month. Is this fair? What’s your opinion?

(€11-14.7 million) for each of their popular films. 2


English 3rd ESO – Unit 2

Peter Scott, 15: Film stars have always got high

Amanda Jones, 16: Sport and films are

salaries because they are famous and people want

entertainment. In my opinion, it is sad we pay

to see their films. It’s the same with athletes.

people so much money to entertain us, but we

These superstar athletes have won many games,

don’t pay much money to teachers, doctors or

so people pay a lot of money to see them play.

nurses.

Sarah James, 14: These people are very talented

Martin Green, 16: My dad has worked as a

and have worked hard to get to the top. Very often

firefighter for 20 years. He has saved many lives,

their careers are short. A football player can only

and has helped many people. He doesn’t get

play for about 15 years. I think they should get big

millions to do his job, but he does it because he

salaries.

wants to help people. Super athletes get a million dollars for kicking a ball – that makes me really angry.

Act 1. Scan the text for the following information. 1. An example of a football player, a basketball player and an actor.

2. The salary of each of the people you found above.

3. The salary of a firefighter or a policeman.

Act 2. Read the whole text. 1. Who gives personal information to support his opinion?

2. What comparison does Amanda make?

3. Sarah James gives three reasons why superstars should get high salaries. What are they?

4. Who says superstars´ salaries should be high because many people want to see them?

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English 3rd ESO – Unit 2

Act 3. Find words in the text to match the definitions below. 1. very famous actors, singers or athletes (lines 1-3) 2. money people get for their jobs (lines 4-8) 3. just, appropriate (lines 9-11) 4. the period of your life you spend working (Sarah James) 5. things you watch for fun (Amanda Jones)

4th task: Grammar

The Present Perfect

Listen to the explanation about the Present Perfect and complete the following table:

Present Perfect Simple Use

 

Form

Affirmative

Negative

Questions and short answers

Signal words

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English 3rd ESO – Unit 2

1. Choose the correct answer. 1. We haven’t finished our game already / just / yet. 2. Has the childminder fed the baby yet / already / ever? 3. We have ever / just / never swum in the sea before. 4. The cleaner has already / yet / ever washed all the windows upstairs. 5. Daniel Radcliffe has been an actor for / since / already he was five years old. 6. My hairdresser has ever / just / yet opened a new shop. 7. Have you ever / yet / just got lost? 2. Write the words in the correct order to make sentences. Use the Present Perfect Simple. 1. eat / never / food / I / raw / . ............................................................................................................................................. 2. see / this / we / already / film / . ............................................................................................................................................. 3. for / librarian / Jill / be / years / a / three / ? ............................................................................................................................................. 4. not / the / we / yet / leave / house / . ............................................................................................................................................. 5. Rick / a / yet / decision / make / ? ............................................................................................................................................. 6. throw out / rubbish / I / just / the / . ............................................................................................................................................. 7. ever / they / be / abroad / ? ............................................................................................................................................. 8. see / her / not / Lucy / Christmas / grandmother / since / . ............................................................................................................................................. 5


English 3rd ESO – Unit 2

3. (Taken from www.ego4u.com)

4. Write the verbs into the correct form of the Present Perfect. (Taken from www.ego4u.com)

5. Write questions with the words below and the present perfect. Then answer them with your partner. 1. ever / meet / an actor / ? ______________________________________________________________ 2. be / to a hairdresser / this month /? ______________________________________________________________ 6


English 3rd ESO – Unit 2

3. ever / speak / to a celebrity / ? ______________________________________________________________ 4. ever / see / Messi play football / ? ______________________________________________________________ 5. see / Angelina Jolie’s latest film / yet / ? ______________________________________________________________ 6. ever / want / to be a firefighter / ? ______________________________________________________________ 7. hear / Rihanna’s latest song / yet ______________________________________________________________  When do we use the present simple, the present perfect or the past simple? Try to explain the difference with these examples: I work here from Monday to Friday I worked here last week. I’ve worked here since 2006

_____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________

6. Choose the correct option (from http://www.vitutor.com/gramatica_inglesa/verb_tense/present_perfect_ej15.html): 1. ____ Susan lately? a) Do you often see b) Did you often see c) Have you often seen 2. ___ his new film yesterday? a) Do you see b) Have you seen c) Did you see 3. ____ a lion? a) Have you ever seen b) Did you ever see c) Do you ever see

4. I ____ your mother last Sunday. a) see b) saw c) have seen

5. I haven´t got her address, but I think my husband ____ it. a) have known b) knows c) knew 6. How long ____ Mary? a) have you known b) did you know c) do you know 7. I ____ a strange noise last night. a) hear b) have heard c) heard 8. My grandmother ____ to see us every Saturday. a) come b) have come c) comes

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English 3rd ESO – Unit 2

9. My family ____ to live here when I was a baby. a) comes b) came c) have come

5th Task: VOCABULARY

10. My father____ school at 12 and started working at that age. a) left b) leaves c) have left

Unusual experiences

1. Complete the mindmaps with the words below to create expressions that go together. breakfast – your homework – an activity – the cooking – a shower – dancing – to a party – diving – abroad – a meal – sport – an accident

________

________

________

________

________

go ________

________

________

do ________

________

________

________

________

have ________

________

________

________

________

2. Complete the sentences with expressions from exercise 1 so they are true for you. 1. I _______________________________ every afternoon. 2. I never __________________________________ 3. I always ______________________________ at the weekend. 4. I usually _________________________________ before school.

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English 3rd ESO – Unit 2

3. Find someone in the class who… 1. Has been abroad: ___________________________ 2. Has never eaten Japanese food: ___________________________ 3. Has visited his/her grandparents recently: ___________________________ 4. Has played an instrument in the last week: ___________________________ 5. Has travelled to Italy: ___________________________ 6. Hasn’t read the book for Valencià: ___________________________

Summer jobs Read the job offers below and complete the application form:

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English 3rd ESO – Unit 2

Application form Name: ………………………………………………… Age: ………… E-mail address: ……………………………………………………… Which of the following words describe you? Hard-working Adventurous Confident Creative Musical Responsible Active Open-minded

Athletic Friendly Cooperative Talkative

What are you good at? Art Languages Drama Team sports

cooking dance water sports individual sports

horse-riding music gymnastics working with children

Prepare an ORAL PRESENTATION to apply for one of the jobs. Use the information in the application form to help you. Take a look to some examples The Job Interview; A business English job interview

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Unit 2 i am what i am  
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