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Life in the Information Age

Life has changed a lot in the last 20 years. It has affected the working styles of most jobs around the world. The use of technology in the workplace affects many different jobs, including, people in education, commerce, education, crime and crime prevention. Technology may influence or play a large part in your life without you really considering it, many things which are used daily need a large

amount of technology or a computer to work, things such as watches and calculators. So many people have been affected by the use of technology. However, only about 10% of the world's population, 600 million people have access to connected computing. Evidence suggests, however, that this number will grow dramatically. This may seem like a small percentage of the worlds population, however, only 25% of people sleep in their own beds and only 30% of the population are rich enough to have a bank account. This shows how much of the population are poor and cannot afford things which seem ‘normal’ to us in our

everyday lives. The information age has affected most aspects of lots of peoples’ daily lives, this is because people tend to go online, to sites such as

This is a typical flat screen monitor and computer.

Facebook daily, they can check what’s happening with their friends and arrange meetings with friends and family or invite people to events.

Crime & Crime Prevention

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Education Commerce

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Entertainment

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S P E C I A L P OI N TS OF I N T E R ES T: • Is CCTV really helping us catch criminals or is it just there to spy on us? • Does CCTV actually do anything? • Future schooling: just a click away?

CCTV: Pointless?

• Is anyone safe online?

Governments and businesses are investing huge amounts of money on the latest CCTV cameras.

solved using CCTV images, even though that Britain has more security cameras that any other country in Europe.

A senior police officer trialing a new database has said that billions of pounds are being spent on these CCTV cameras.

A new generation of CCTV cameras, called ’Samurai’, meaning

Only 3% of street robberies in London were

NEWSLETTER DATE

I N SI D E T HI S I S S UE :

The Information Age The Information Age is the idea that computers and having access to knowledge that would have been difficult or impossible to find previously. The Information Age has allowed fast global communications and networking to shape modern society.

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Suspicious and Abnormal behaviour Monitoring Using a netwoRk of cAmeras for sItuation

awareness enhancement, have been introduced in 2010. These new cameras have learned to track suspicious looking people throughout crowded areas such as train stations and airports. The cameras collect information and see how people normally

• A generation of cheaters


VOLUME 1, ISSUE 1

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behave in such areas. The cameras can then see when people are acting suspiciously, by loitering and can track people from one camera to another by the lighting. Once the camera is installed, it will notice most things as suspicious, such as a cleaner mopping, a person can then program the camera to know that it is not suspicious behaviour and it will remember that the cleaner is not a suspicious person. This technology has received lots of praise, but also lots of criticism from the public. The cameras cut the cost of watching tapes and only one operator can handle multiple feeds

since they only get shown the "alert" feed when somebody is acting suspiciously. They are getting rid of jobs as the camera can alert people of the suspicious people instead of having to watch it 24/7.

encourages subscribers to regularly report suspicious activity such as shoplifting, they will reward people up to £1000 for reporting crimes which they have seen, mainly shoplifting. This site can save the time and money with paying People who dissomebody to watch all prove of these new the tapes, and the peocameras have sugple which do watch gested to act suspithem get rewarded. ciously when in the People who do not presence of these A typical CCTV camera like the idea of being camera to waste the followed if they act operators’ time, they want to do suspicious aren't happy about the this as they believe that the camcameras, they feel that they are eras are an invasion to their prispying on people and are an invavacy. sion of their privacy. A website called ‘Internet Eyes’

Big Brother is not only watching you, now he's shouting orders too. Britain's first 'talking' CCTV cameras arrived in 2003 and caused a stir where they were trialled in Wiltshire, UK.

Louise Casey told BBC News, "half a billion pounds a year is spent picking up litter.” “It is a complete breach of our privacy. It is stupid and unhelpful the government are wrong again”, said Nick Walmisley. These cameras can save street cleaners’ time as people will be clearing up after themselves. It also saves the government money as there would be less people who need to be paid.

Many people are against the talking cameras, they feel the cameras have gone too far by talking to the public.

People post lots of information through information found online. on the internet without really realAlso, Robert Mueller, a director izing how it could affect their life if at the US Federal Bureau of Invesit came into the hands of an tigation, admitted that he’d come online hacker. People with blogs very close to becoming a victim they wrote 4 or 5 years ago, post himself of online hacking, showing information about that online banktheir lives which is ing fraud doesn't “ Banking websites and useful to online only affect the hackers, it is surnaïve. payment systems are prisingly easy. One Banking webman hacked into always targeted by sites and payment his friends bank systems are always criminals” account with her targeted by crimipermission nals, even though

they are trying to improve them so criminals cannot hack into the system and steal peoples’ money.

The cameras are able to tell people to stop doing something if they were misbehaving. People could be told to pick their rubbish up if they dropped it in the street. "It gets the message across, 'please don't litter our streets because someone else will have to pay to pick up that litter again',"

Who is safe?

The result of hacking and attempted hacking is creating jobs for people. People can now get degrees in computer hacking and can be hired by large companies to see whether their system has ‘holes’ in it, and if people can hack into and take their customers’ money. This is an advantage to these people.


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Shop from the comfort of your own home Everything is online nowadays. Banking and shopping are the two main things which as used online. The amount of money spent by consumers shopping online increased by 35% to £14.7billion from 2007 to 2008. The growth in internet access and users making and expensive purchases online meant the growth would continue, Verdict's report suggested. It forecast that online retail sales would reach £44.9billion by 2012, about 13.8% of total spending. Even though online shopping in the UK is becoming more and more popular. Over half of the UK

avoids it. The most common source of worry about the safety of online shopping is stories in the media, which naturally focus on crimes or losses of credit card information. But consumers also rely on friends and family for advice. About a third of survey respondents say that they or someone they know has been a victim of online credit card fraud. This scares them from using it.

This is also an advantage to busy people who don't really have time to go shopping, it gives them the freedom to but their groceries at any time of the day and get them delivered whatever time they want. The increasing use of online grocery shopping is causing more jobs to be created such as a delivery person to deliver somebody's shopping.

The sudden popularity of online grocery shopping has enabled people who live far away from a supermarket or cannot drive, can get their shopping delivered to them.

Internet ‘may kill off textbooks’ More than a quarter of teachers believe that textbooks may be killed off due to the rise in use of the internet.

done online. “70 per cent of children

under 16 use a laptop or desktop computer to do their school work”

A survey of about 600 primary and secondary school teachers believe that more learning will be

Also, the majority think that IT is more important than traditional teaching methods.

More than 70 per cent of children under 16 use a laptop or desktop computer to

do their school work, figures have revealed. The extensive use of computers and technology in education may affect the working styles of students, they may lose the ability to write properly and communicate as everything seems to be done on the computer, such as work assignments and even some lessons.

Cheating is becoming easier and easier Is the internet affecting the quality of students work? Many students are copying other peoples’ work which they have found online. Sites such as allfreeessays, offer free essays to students, meaning they do not have to do the work themselves. The use of sites such as this are causing students to become more lazy and aren't completing their work themselves. Many teachers are becoming concerned with the amount of their students which do this.

A website called Turnitin, enables concerned teachers to place the work of the suspected copied essay, Turnitin then checks for possible plagiarism by comparing other submitted papers to several databases. It scans its own database, and also has licensing agreements and tells the teachers whether the work has been copied. Sites such as this enable teachers to see whether their students are actually doing the work they set themselves. The use of elec-

tronic devices enables students to cheat. Having access to the internet allows students to copy virtually a whole essay from the internet, this is causing younger generations to just copy and paste, not even reading it properly. Students are using sites such as Yahoo! Answers for homework help. Is this considered cheating? Or is it just helping them to understand what they are learning?


LimeWire and Napster LimeWire, the worlds most popular peer-topeer (P2P) file sharing site was shut down after a four year legal battle with the US music industry. A federal court in New York issued a "permanent injunction" against LimeWire, ruling that the platform intentionally caused a "massive scale of infringement" by permitting the sharing of thousands of copyrighted works by its 50 million monthly users. The shutting down of

the popular file sharing site has already seen the release of new products to try to replace the once popular LimeWire, an example of such sites is FrostWire. The court also ruled that LimeWire should "use all reasonable technological means to immediately cease and desist" copyright infringements still taking place through applications already d o w n l o a d e d . According to the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA),

US recorded music sales fell to $7.7bn in 2009 from $14.5bn in 1999. The rise of P2P file sharing networks is singled out as a primary factor for this decline by t h e R I A A . Napster, which had more than 100 million users at the height of its popularity at the beginning of the decade, collapsed in 2002 under .the strain of a number of legal challenges.

The company reinvented itself as a legal download service in 2004, later launching what it claimed was "the world's largest and most comprehensive MP3 store". As these sites are closing down, jobs are lost. Also they can affect peoples’ personal lives as the can get access to many things to download,

A New Generation of Books The sales of eBooks has increased over the last year, Amazon reported in the second quarter of 2010 that 140 Kindle eBooks were being sold for every 100 hardcover books. IN July 2010, they reported that number had increased to 180 Kindle eBooks per 100 hardcover books. However, paperback books are still much higher than eBooks. eBooks are becoming more and more popular with the introduction of the Amazon Kindle, this device allows people to read books, the WiFi version of the Kindle also allows users to connect to the Amazon site and purchase books from it and download them, immediately onto

the Kindle device, after their transaction has gone through. They receive the book eBooks may affect the working styles of people as they may become the norm in schools as text books. This is because everything seems to becoming digitalized such as white boards and work assignments. Peoples’ personal lives will also be affected by the sudden usage of eBooks, this is because they can get any book at any time of the day, this is an advantage to users as they can read at their own accord. Instead of going to the local bookshop to buy a book or buying a book online and having to wait for

the book to arrive. eBooks are making peoples lives much easier, this is because they can be used straight away. According to Amazon reports that sales of books for Kindle have outpaced the sale of hardcover books, and that growth is only accelerating. With the increasing usage of eBooks, people are becoming lazier as a result of the increased usage of eBooks is causing people to lazier as people do not have to go out to the library or a books shop to get the latest book or they could order it from their bookshop and get it delivered to their home, now peo-

ple can get them instantly. The use of these new books is creating jobs as people need to type out the books and put them into the correct format. They care also losing jobs as eBooks are becoming more popular less books will go into print an will go straight to eBook as it is easier due to the popularity of the eBooks.


Unit One, Strand B