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Rs 17.00 Vol III No 331 19 Pages
Lahore — Peshawar Edition
Tuesday, 28 May, 2013 Rajab 17, 1434
parliament not authorised to clip sC’s powers: Justice Khosa
story on page 03
story on page 04
JUI-F’s roadmap to peace comprises five steps
84pc people expect Dsp among better governance five killed in from pML-n IeD attack
In a major breakthrough for peace talks with militants, the Jamiat Ulema-e-IslamFazl (JUI-F) has finalised the blueprint of the mechanism for peace talks with the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP). This blueprint will be shared with the major stakeholders in talks, including Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz President Nawaz Sharif, who has been nominated as the next prime minister. pag e 02
A large majority of Pakistanis are optimistic about better governance in the country following the recent elections and have high expectations from the incoming Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PMLN) government. According to a survey conducted by Gallup Pakistan, men and women from across the four provinces were asked, “In your view, will or will not the recent elections produce a better political regime?” pag e 03
The deputy superintendent of police in Shangla district was killed on Monday along with four others in an improvised explosive device attack. Reports from Shangla district reveal that DSP Khan Bahadar was on routine patrol in the area when his vehicle was targeted with an IED planted by unknown militants. The explosion was so severe that the vehicle was blasted to smithereens and all five people on board were killed on the spot. pag e 02
na session on June 1, new pM to take oath on 5th: nizami story on page 04
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N nEwS Tuesday, 28 May, 2013
N a major breakthrough for peace talks with militants, the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam-Fazl (JUI-F) has finalised the blueprint of the mechanism for peace talks with the Tehreeke-Taliban Pakistan (TTP). This blueprint will be shared with the major stakeholders in talks, including Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz President Nawaz Sharif, who has been nominated as the next prime minister. The PML-N chief has already given principled approval to the peace plan. Peace-building in FATA envisages an objective; establish peace and a roadmap or a mechanism to achieve the objective. The implicit assumption of conflict resolution is using indigenous conflict resolution mechanism called ‘jirga’. The jirga draws in elites, religious scholars, political representatives, etc. A forum has already been worked out and brought to Islamabad to win support from the national leadership of 50 parties, both in government and opposition who pledged to support the jirga efforts after elections. The same jirga can be reactivated and made more inclusive. The jirga will treat Taliban versus the government as two parties and will deal with them as a collective body rather than as individual interlocutors. The ‘mechanIsm’: There will be five stages to the mechanism of blueprint. In the
JuI-f enGaGed wItH pml-n for formatIon of new Govt: fazl PESHAWAR ONlINe
JUI-F chief Maulana Fazlur Rehman has said his party was engaged with PML-N for formation of a new government in the Centre. Addressing a new conference after a meeting of executive committee of his party on Monday‚ he said his party had presented its priorities to the PML-N for formation of the new government and was waiting for a reply. Fazl said parliamentary committee of JUI-F Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa had been authorised to hold negotiations with other parties in the province and prepare strategy regarding formation of new government. According to media reports, Nawaz is willing to include Fazl in the cabinet, so that he can bring the Taliban to the negotiating table. Post-May 11 elections, the JUI-F tried its best to form a provincial government in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa with the support of PML-N, Aftab Ahmad Sherpao’s Qaumi Watan Party and successful independent candidates. However, Nawaz Sharif did not give Fazl the go-ahead. In Balochistan too, the party tried to form a coalition government. However, after failing to woo other parties, JUI-F would sit in the opposition benches.
JuI-f’s roadmap to peaCe ComprIses fIve steps first stage, a ceasefire would be declared between the two parties. In the second stage, the jirga will meet both sides to enquire of redlines and conditions. The third stage will involve the jirga meeting both parties for an “authority” to adjudicate. In the fourth stage, the jirga will announce its decision and choose a middle ground securing the grievances and redlines of both sides. The fifth stage would be to supervise compliance of the agreement and enforce penalties if terms are breached by either side. WhaT ThIs means: All the stakeholders, including the Taliban and the government (including the Pakistan Army and its auxiliary agencies) will not act as a ‘spoilers’ against the jirga or conditions of agreement. A mechanism and policy statement will be in place whereby no party will be ‘upsetting’ the other party. The same lessons will be used in case
of Afghanistan if requested by the Afghan Taliban and their government in case of post-2014 US and NATO forces withdrawal from Afghanistan, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif will announce strategic and political autonomy from the US-led war on terrorism. A delegation of Pakistan’s leading religious scholars and ulema would negotiate with the Taliban and assure them that if they had problems with the system, the use of Council of Islamic Ideology (CII) forum would be available to provide advice and insight for any amendment in the Constitution of Pakistan in case they convinced the scholars and ulemas. Their nominee will also have a representation in the CII. The Taliban: who to negotiate with? Firstly, the jirga will negotiate with TTP and then will ask the other groups to form a group and talk to the jirga if they
wanted peace. Fazlur Rehman has received messages from several groups other than the TTP to be made part of the talks. There might be splinter groups/individuals who will still remain on the state’s hit-list. According to the proposed document, a local jirga called as Qaumi Amn Jirga (National Peace Council) comprising 1,200 local ulema and elders from FATA would be formed to start negotiations with the Pakistani Taliban at local levels. To encourage the peace dialogue group, it has further been proposed that the traditional use of tribal healthy customs of consultation and the Islamic teachings of peace, forgiveness and kindness may be combined to cement new relationships in the lives of tribal people and their communities. Pakistan has lost 49,000 lives since September 11, 2001. Pakistan has also suffered $68 billion losses in the global war on terror. The number of wounded and displaced people and the destruction of schools and mosques are unknown. The backdrop : Fazlur Rehman had organized a peace conference in February where Nawaz Sharif was a participant along with 50 other political and opinion leaders and scholars. The conference had developed consensus for dialogue and negotiation with the Taliban which has the blessings of most of the political parties belonging to the previous PPP-led government. The conference backed the jirga of tribal people present to hold dialogue.
DSP among five killed in IED attack PESHAWAR SHAMIM SHAHID
The deputy superintendent of police in Shangla district was killed on Monday along with four others in an improvised explosive device (IED) attack. Reports from Shangla district reveal that DSP Khan Bahadar was on routine patrol in the area when his vehicle was targeted with an IED planted by unknown militants. The explosion was so severe that the vehicle was blasted to smithereens and all five people on board were killed on the spot. Officials said that besides Khan Bahadar, other victims of the IED attack included his driver, one cook and two bodyguards. So far no one claimed responsibility for the attack but officials believe that Taliban militants were involved in the attack. One day ago, a police constable was shot dead by unknown miscreants in Shangla district. Adjacent to Swat, Buner, Mansehra and Kohistan district, violent acts have been taking place from time to time in Shangla district since 2009 until armed forces conducted full military operation against banned Tehrik-e-Taliban
In the first stage, a ceasefire would be declared between the two parties. In the second stage, the jirga will meet both sides to enquire of redlines and conditions. The third stage will involve the jirga meeting both parties for an “authority” to adjudicate. In the fourth stage, the jirga will announce its decision and choose a middle ground securing the grievances and redlines of both sides. The fifth stage would be to supervise compliance of the agreement and enforce penalties if terms are breached by either side.
IHC orders to submIt appoIntment letter of IG’s son ISLAMABAD
BannU CheCKpost attaCK Leaves two DeaD BANNU INP At least two security personnel were killed on Monday and several others injured in an attack on a security checkpost. According to details, armed miscreants stormed a security checkpost located in Janikhel area of Bannu district. Two security officials deputed at the checkpost were killed while several others sustained wounds. The bodies were transferred to the hospital for medicolegal formalities. Contingents of armed forces reached the location and cordoned off the site. A search operation was also started in the area. Earlier on Sunday, at least four security officials were killed and six others sustained injuries by a roadside remote-controlled bomb explosion near their convoy in Bannu.
(TTP) Swat chapter headed by Maulana Fazal Ullah. Fazal Ullah, along with Maulvi Faqir Mohammad and other leading commanders, are believed to be in the
border area of Kunar from where they launch deadly attacks against security forces, pro-government tribal elders and members and volunteers of peace committees.
The Islamabad High Court resumed hearing of petition filed against the appointment of Islamabad IGP Bin Yamin’s son Umar Amin as director of the Bomb Disposal Squad. According to media reports, the court had ordered submitting the appointment letter of Umar Amin. IHC Chief Justice Muhammad Kasi conducted hearing in the petition filed by former director of BDS Major (r) Tabassam, who claimed in his petition that the IGP had violated departmental rules and regulations while appointing his son as the BDS director. The court was told that the petitioner, Tabassam, was replaced by Umar Amin despite the former appointed to the office until 2014 per contract. After hearing preliminary discussion, the court ordered the petitioner to attach the suspension notification of the petitioner and appointment letter of the accused before the court.
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Tuesday, 28 May, 2013
pml-n to mark ‘youm-e-takbeer’ with zeal CRITICS CALL IT A GIMMICK TO DIVERT NATION’S ATTENTION AWAY FROM SEVERE ENERGY CRISIS ISLAMABAD ANweR AbbAS
HE Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PMLN) has decided to celebrate Youm-e-Takbeer with full zeal, after winning a heavy mandate in the recent general elections. A source close to the PML-N leadership told Pakistan Today that the party’s victory in the elections was not the only reason to celebrate the day when Pakistan conducted the nuclear tests for the first time, but the real reason was to exhibit a show of power. In this connection, the PML-N organised an event at the PML-N Secretariat which was chaired by senior party leader Raja Zafarul Haq. A large number of PMLN workers attended the event. Addressing the participants, Haq said the PML-N was the only force that could “perform miracles”. He said the motorway had proved to be a backbone for the country’s economic growth, and this time Nawaz would bring the country out of the darkness by eliminating load shedding. A former PPP minister, requesting anonymity, said the PML-N was trying to divert the attention of the nation from the current power crisis.Following Youm-eTakbeer today (Tuesday), the PML-N will organise rallies in its constituencies across the country, and local leaders have been directed to ensure public presence in the events to be held in connection with the country’s nuclear test day.
84 perCent pakIstanIs expeCt better GovernanCe from pml-n
ISLAMABAD: Supporters of Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz celebrate in front of the Chaghi Memorial on Monday the six atomic blasts conducted by Nawaz Sharif in 1998. NNI
Parliament not authorised to clip SC’s powers: Khosa ISLAMABAD ONlINe
A large majority of Pakistanis are optimistic about better governance in the country following the recent elections and have high expectations from the incoming Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) government. According to a survey conducted by Gallup Pakistan, men and women from across the four provinces were asked, “In your view, will or will not the recent elections produce a better political regime?” Responding to this, 84 percent responded with yes and 15 percent said no. A comparison between rural and urban localities showed that respondents from rural areas were more optimistic about the future political regime than respondents from urban areas. The study was released by Gilani foundation, the Pakistani affiliate of Gallup International. The recent survey was carried out among a sample of 2,570 men and women in rural and urban areas of all four provinces of the country.
Supreme Court Justice Asif Saeed Khosa has remarked that parliament could enhance the powers of Supreme Court (SC), but it was not authorised to clip its power per constitution. A five-member bench of SC led by Justice Tassadaq Hussain Jillani took up the NAB chairman’s appointment case for hearing on Monday. Akram Sheikh appeared in court on behalf of former opposition leader in National Assembly (NA) Nisar Ali Khan. He took the plea that the formality of consultation with opposition leader was not met in the matter of appointment of NAB chairman. “A letter was sent asking him to propose a name which was not a consultation in any way,” he added. “The opposition leader’s reply to this letter was declared illogical. Consultative process has been devised in several courts decisions. President should have called opposition leader to make consultation with him.” Justice Tassadaq enquired from Akram Sheikh what consultation was in his view. Sheikh replied, “If it is meaningful, purposeful and with a view to develop consensus then it can be called consultation.” Justice Khosa remarked, “If there is no consensus in the consultation process then how will a chairman be appointed?”
Sheikh said the matter was then referred to chief justice of Pakistan. “The role of chief justice has been given in connection with appointment of chief justice in Asfand Yar Wali case. The role of president is ceremonial in the matter of appointment.” Justice Jillani remarked, “The purpose behind consultation with chief justice in regard to appointment of chairman NAB was to make the appointment non controversial. In parliamentary system, president is bound to accept the advice of the prime minister.” Justice Khosa remarked, “The president has written in his letter that opposition leader had not opposed the name recommended by the prime minister.” Sheikh said the proposal in connection with consultation with chief justice was given in Deedar Shah case. Justice Khosa remarked, “This proposal was given in the light of proposals of larger benches. Parliament can enhance the powers of the Supreme Court under the constitution, but it cannot curtail them.” Justice Jillani observed the president wrote a letter to opposition leader for consultation. Upon it the court was told that no such letter was available in the record. On summoning, Attorney General (AG) Irfan Qadir presented the original notification on appointment of NAB Chairman Fasih Bokhari in the court. Akram Sheikh said the role of
chief justice in the appointment of the chairman was mentioned in the four decisions of the court. Justice Khosa remarked “Implementation of court directives is essential per constitution.’ Sheikh said the SC remarks could not be ignored. Justice Khosa said the role of chief justice had been given as arbitrator in the decision that had been cited. “The opposition leader raised no objection on Fasih Bokhari in his letter. It is a centuries old tradition that silence is considered yes.” Concluding his arguments, Sheikh said opposition leaders stressed on consultation in the light of the decisions of the court. Latif Khosa, counsel for Fasih Bokhari, argued that the opposition leader had raised objection over the person of former chairman Deedar Shah, but he did not raise any objection over Bokhari. Khosa said the man who was going to become the prime minister had attacked Supreme Court. “After Al-Jihad trust case, the definition of the word consultation has not been made part of the constitution. If parliament had wanted so it would have made it part of article 260 through the 18th Amendment. Only a proposal was given with respect to the role of chief justice and not an order. Senate committee can evolve solution in the event of any dispute over it,” Khosa said. The hearing was adjourned until today.
ptI emerGes as seCond-larGest party In terms of votes ISLAMABAD STAFF RePORT
Imran Khan’ party Pakistan Tehreek-eInsaf (PTI), despite finishing third in terms of seats, received the second largest number of votes in the general election, data released on Monday showed. PTI polled 7.7 million votes in the general election to win 28 National Assembly seats, but Pakistan People’s Party (PPP), which led the outgoing government, took 32 seats with only 6.9 million ballots. Turnout at the election, which marked the first time a civilian government had completed a five-year term and handed over power at the ballot box, was 55 per cent, the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) said – up from 44 per cent in the 2008 poll. In total, 46.2 million people voted compared with 36.6 million five years ago, despite Taliban threats to attack polling stations on election day. Both PTI and PPP were well behind Pakistan Muslim League-N (PML-N), led by two-time prime minister Nawaz Sharif, which took 126 seats having received 14.9 million votes, according to the ECP. PML-N officials say they have persuaded 18 independent lawmakers to join the party, taking them comfortably beyond the 136 seats they need to be sure of a majority in the lower house. In the National Assembly, 272 seats are elected directly. A further 70 seats reserved for women and minorities are distributed to parties according to the proportion of general seats they win. Results are still awaited from seven seats where polling was delayed due to violence or where recounts were ordered after allegations of irregularities.
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nEwS Tuesday, 28 May, 2013
na session on June 1, new pm rs 10bn released to rein to take oath on 5th: nizami in unbridled shortfall ISLAMABAD STAFF RePORT
HE date for the oathtaking for the next prime minister has been fixed and it is likely that Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) chief Nawaz Sharif would be taking oath of office on June 5. Pakistan Today had already informed its readers of the date on May 22. Minister for Information and Broadcasting Arif Nizami on Monday announced the official date, saying the new prime minister would take oath of office on June 5. Addressing reporters at the National Press Club, Nizami said Caretaker Prime Minister Mir Hazar Khan Khoso had
bahrain jails 14 shias for killing pakistani national DUBAI AGeNCIeS
A top Bahraini court upheld a 15-year jail term for 14 Shias on Monday after they were convicted of killing a Pakistani national in Manama during the 2011 uprising, a judicial source said. The Court of Cassation announced its verdict in the presence of 12 of the accused, the source said, adding that the remaining two had been tried in absentia. A court convicted the defendants of beating the victim to death “for terrorist purposes”, the source said, citing the charge sheet. A semi-military court established under a state of emergency in 2011 had originally sentenced the men to life in prison. But an appeals court reduced the sentence to 15 years in December last year. Lawyers for the defendants said their clients were “tortured” while in custody in 2011, and no action has been taken in response to their complaints. Scores of Shias have been jailed over accusations of involvement in violence since protests against the ruling Sunni alKhalifa dynasty erupted in February 2011. Despite a heavy-handed crackdown by security forces in mid-March 2011, supported by Saudi-led Gulf troops, protesters quickly returned to the streets, mainly in Shia villages, where they frequently clash with police. At least 80 people have been killed in Bahrain since February 2011, according to the International Federation for Human Rights. Strategically located across the Gulf from Iran, Bahrain is home to the US Navy’s Fifth Fleet and is a major offshore financial and services centre for its Arab neighbours in the oil-rich Gulf.
for the leader of the House would be held and finally, the new prime minister would take oath on June 5,” the minister added. On the performance of the caretaker government, Nizami said the caretaker government had fulfilled its responsibility in a responsible manner. “The elections were free and fair barring very few negligible complaints as compared to past experiences. The caretaker government did not ban mobile phone services on election day,” the minister added. To a question, Nizami said he had initiated an endowment fund for working journalists with seed money of Rs 10 million. “Efforts are underway to enhance the endowment fund
by Rs 20 million. The amount would be paid to journalists who lose their lives in duty,” he added. He agreed with the notion that the owners of newspapers should timely pay the remunerations of the working journalists. Responding to a question, the minister said he had no role in preparation of secret list of beneficiary journalists of secret fund of the ministry. He said in principle, he was opposed to the idea of the secret funds. Information and Broadcasting Secretary Agha Nadeem said the secret funds are used in providing prompt help to deserving journalists following set rules and this process took three to four months.
Un hr high commissioner expresses concern over drones
Jamal leghari shoots himself… .accidently
moved a summery to the president for summoning the inaugural session of National Assembly on June 1, the day when the newly-elected members of the Lower House of parliament would take oath and sign their rolls. Speaker Fehmida Mirza would conduct proceedings of the inaugural session. “Since around 342 newlyelected members would be taking oath and signing rolls, it is likely that no business would be taken up on June 1,” the minister revealed. He added that after Sunday being the official holiday, the session would be held on Monday, June 3, and the election of speaker and deputy speaker would take place. “On June 4, the election
UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navanethem Pillay has spoken out on a number of issues of concern to Pakistan, including the use of armed drones. In her statement on the opening day of the 23rd Session of Human Rights Council, the high commissioner said she was “profoundly disturbed at the human rights implications of the use of armed drones in the context of counter terrorism and military operations”. She also criticised the failure of the US to shut down the Guantanamo detention centre and said that “measures that violate human rights did not uproot terrorism; they nurture it”. This is the first time the high commissioner has spoken out so strongly on these issues. Her statement echoes Pakistan’s long-held position that counterterrorism measures like drone attacks are counter-productive. In his statement, Ambassador Zamir Akram, Pakistan’s permanent representative to the UN in Geneva, reiterated this point
and said Pakistan had been making a similar argument for many years. Ambassador Akram said recently “we have heard statements revising such tactics but we have heard such claims before - only to be negated by contrary actions”. He said it was time to walk the talk. He went to make a reference to the recent judgment by the Peshawar High Court that stated that the use of drone was a violation of the UN Charter and international human rights and humanitarian law and demanded that those responsible be brought to justice and the affected people be compensated. The strong statement by the high commissioner for Human Rights is the result of concerted efforts by Pakistan to highlight the issue of extrajudicial and target killings through use of drones at multilateral forums. In this context, the government invited the high commissioner to visit Pakistan last year. After her visit, the high commissioner raised the issue of drones for the first time in the Human Rights Council.
ISLAMABAD/MUZAFFARABAD/FAISALABAD STAFF RePORT
The Ministry of Finance on Monday released Rs 10 billion to the Ministry of Water and Power to ease load shedding across the country, as people fed up with the spiraling menace reported to violent protests at several places throughout the country to vent their anger at the authorities’ apparent indifference to their suffering. The information about the fund release was provided to Prime Minister Mir Hazar Khan Khoso during a high-level meeting held at the Prime Minister’s House to discuss the overall energy situation in the country. On the other hand, agitated citizens took to the streets in blazing heat to protest hours-long load shedding. Police fired warning shots and used tear gas canisters as furious protesters rallied against prolonged power outages in Mirpur and Kotli towns of Azad Jammu and Kashmir. TV footages showed demonstrators clashing with law enforcement personnel and refusing to disperse. The protesters said they would rally outside the Mangla Power House. Senior police officials tried to pacify the protesters and assured them through a notification that only scheduled load shedding of four hours would be carried out in their areas, but to no avail. Later on Monday evening, a government announcement promised respite to Mirpur from load shedding. In Faisalabad, residents staged a protest at Samundari Road
against long power and gas outages. Violent protesters started throwing stones on vehicles and other goods provoking the police to start tear gas shelling. The protesters said that they were sick and tired of long power outages and demanded smooth supply of electricity. The protest was ended when police assured the protesters of solution of their problem soon. meeTInG dIscUsses enerGY GeneraTIon: In the meeting at PM’s House, the prime minister directed that all formalities pertaining to generation and production of 56.4MW Wind Power Project installed by Zorlu Energy Group at Jhampir be completed without delay and it be connected to the national grid system within 48 hours. Khoso ordered immediate activation of the Wind Power Project which had been completed by the Turkish company and awaited connection to the national grid. HESCO CEO Muzaffar Abbasi said transmission lines had been laid and were ready to transmit electricity from the Wind Mill Project to the national grid. Meanwhile, sources said the total power shortfall faced by the country had declined to 3,900MW with the improvement in weather, leading to reduction in power outages. The total demand for power had come down after recent rains in various parts of the country. According to latest statistics, the total power supply was 10,900MW against a total demand of 14,800MW.
MQM declares current power HIke In crisis in Karachi as ‘artificial’ petrol KARACHI STAFF RePORT
LAHORE STAFF RePORT
Newly elected member of the Punjab Assembly, Jamal Leghari on Monday survived bullet injury in accidental fire. According to details, Jamal Leghari, son of former president Farooq Leghari, received bullet wound in the arm and was shifted to a private hospital. According to family sources, Jamal’s condition was out of danger as he received medical treatment at the hospital. Jamal had recently won seat in the Punjab Assembly as independent candidate and later joined the Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz (PML-N). Jamal’s brother Awais Leghari said that the gun was mistakenly fired by his brother when he was cleaning it. He denied reports that Jamal had been injured in a terrorist attack.
The Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) – the party with the major mandate in Karachi – on Monday declared the current power crisis in the city as ‘artificial’. Speaking to a news conference, newly appointed member of the party’s Rabita (Coordination) Committee Haider Abbas Rizvi demanded a probe over the apparent financial dispute between Karachi Electric Supply Company (KESC) and Sui Southern Gas Company (SSGC). Karachiites, who have been bearing the brunt of announced as well as unannounced load shedding for the past many days, had to suffer the power utility’s wrath on Sunday when they were deprived of electricity supply for nine to 11 hours in different areas. Sources said that KESC is pointing its finger at SSGC for short supply of gas which has led to less electricity generation. Hence, long spells of load shedding during which
the SSGC has accused KESC of not clearing its arrears amounting to over Rs48 billion. Rizvi alleged that supply of around 90 million MMCFD gas to Sui Northern Gas Company (SNGC) by the SSGC has led to the current electricity and water crisis in Karachi – the financial and economic hub of Pakistan. He said not even a quarter of the required water is being pumped in the system due to lack of power supply at pumping stations. He demanded an investigation of alleged sabotage of the parliamentary committee’s decision, referring to the 90 million MMCFD gas supply. The MQM leader admitted the dispute between KESC and SSGC is an old issue. However, he added that no payment has been delayed during the past year. He demanded that the governor Sindh take notice of the issue, upon which, Governor Dr Ishratul Ibad Khan summoned the heads of both parties, KESC and SSGC, at the governor house.
prICe, Cut In dIesel prICe proposed ISLAMABAD ONlINe
The summary for the revision of prices of petroleum products has been prepared and will be sent to the Ministry of Petroleum on May 30. Sources said it was proposed that the price of petrol be increased by Rs 1.50 and the price of diesel be cut by Rs 2. Sources in OGRA said price of kerosene oil was expected to be cut by 15 paisa per litre, while light diesel price was likely to go up by 5 paisas per litre and HOBC by 50 paisa per litre. New prices petroleum products would be effective from June 1.
protests over murdered British soldier, pressure on Cameron LONDON AGeNCIeS
Around a thousand far-right protesters shouting “Muslim killers, off our streets” marched through central London on Monday against a backdrop of swelling anti-Muslim feeling following the killing of a British soldier last week. Lee Rigby, a 25-year-old soldier, was hacked to death in broad daylight in a south London street by two men who said they killed him in the name of Islam. The attack has shocked Britain and stirred an anti-Muslim backlash, including attacks on mosques. In a tense but largely peaceful demonstration, supporters of the far-right English Defence League
(EDL) rallied in London outside Prime Minister David Cameron’s residence waving placards and shouting anti-Islamic obscenities. “Islamic extremism is probably the number one threat to Britain,” said one protester, Ben Gates. Other demonstrators chanted “Muslim bombers off our streets”. Another protester, Samuel Hames, said, of Rigby: “He survived his tour of foreign lands and comes home to his family and what happened to him is disgusting.” Nearly 2,000 people marched at a similar demonstration in the northern city of Newcastle on Saturday. Two men were arrested overnight for throwing firebombs at an Islamic cultural center in Grimsby, in the northeast of England. Similar at-
tacks were recorded last week. As anti-racist groups warned there could be more reprisals, Cameron came under intense pressure on Monday for going on holiday, with pictures of him relaxing in Ibiza prompting newspapers to question his leadership at a time of unease. “Is Ibiza chillaxed (relaxed) enough for you, Prime Minister?” asked the right-wing Daily Mail newspaper. Faith Matters, a charity working to defuse religious tensions, said it had registered a spike in reports of Islamophobic attacks in calls to its hotline, describing incidents as “very focused, very aggressive attacks”. Two war memorials in London were vandalized with red graffiti overnight, including the word ‘Islam’
spray-painted onto one monument. Suspects Michael Adebolajo, 28, and Michael Adebowale, 22, allegedly ran over Rigby with a car near his army barracks and butchered him with knives. Police shot the two, and they remain under armed guard in separate London hospitals. In a dramatic video clip shot by an onlooker and shown on British television, one of the two men, his hands bloodied, says he killed the soldier in retaliation for the deaths of Muslims killed by British troops in faraway lands. Police have arrested 10 people in connection with the murder. Three people have been released on bail. The attack prompted an emotional outpouring of sympathy in Britain, with well-wishers laying hun-
dreds of flowers in the street where Rigby was killed. But some were openly angry. “We’ve had enough of our soldiers being abused... We’d had enough of the plots and the violence,” EDL wrote on its website. In an attempt to counter the right-wing rally, anti-fascist group Unite Against Racism held its own demonstration nearby but was heavily outnumbered by EDL protesters. A handful of far-right demonstrators threw bottles and coins at the antifascist rally. Police vans and officers blocked the two groups from approaching each other. “They are a minority and a very scary growing minority,” an antiEDL protester who gave her name as Clara said. “I feel ashamed to be a Londoner today. This is disgusting.”
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The first lesson of economics is scarcity: there is never enough of anything to fully satisfy all those who want it. The first lesson of politics is to disregard the first lesson of economics. –Thomas Sowell HEAT-STRICKEN: People take a nap during a hot summer evening at the Chauburgi. MuRTAzA AlI
lahorE Tuesday, 28 May, 2013
0C 39high 0C p 28Low
WedneSdAy thUrSdAy FrIdAy 40°C I 26°C
40°C I 26°C 42°C I 27°C
PRAyeR TIMINGS Fajr Sunrise Zuhr Asr Maghrib Isha 3:26 5:01 12:00 3:39 6:58 8:34
‘Care explaInInG your Case on measles?’ LAHORE
HE Lahore High Court (LHC) on Monday summoned a Health Department official for May 29 on an application questioning deaths caused by measles. Justice Muhammad Khalid Mehmood Khan passed the order on a civil miscellaneous application filed by Judicial Activism Panel in an already pending matter against the measles outbreak. Earlier, the petitioner’s counsel arguing before the court submitted that frequent deaths by measles were an outcome of low vaccination coverage among children in the country. He put the burden of proof on the findings of global health agencies, donors, local institutions and experts in the backdrop of children’s deaths caused by measles from January 2012 to January 2013. The counsel pointed out that the World Health Organisation was of the view
MeasLes FeeDs on 10 More LAHORE: There appears to be no end to measles as ten more children died in the city on Monday. The Punjab government’s efforts to curtail the epidemic in the province are persistently proving to be ineffective as the measles marginal toll is rising with each passing day. The death toll in the city has reached 65 while the epidemic has crossed its century in the province; 120. Over 14,000 children have been affected from the disease and are under treatment in government hospitals across Punjab. The children who breathed their last in different hospitals of the city include 10-month-old Ata, seven-month-old Sufyan, 11-month-old Fizza, 10-month-old Shoaib and one-year-old Muskaan. While the health officials say that much of the patients died owing to a delay in treatment, the vaccination of children remains pertinent in curtailing the epidemic which is continuing to affect children who had not been immunised. STAFF RePORT
that primary reasons identified for the measles outbreak and the large number of deaths were a low rate of routine vaccination in the field, poor health services management and untrained staff at health facilities. He also blamed it on the inability and incapacity of health staff in the city hospitals and in the field to treat post-measles complications such as pneumonia, encephalitis and
diarrhea. The petitioner prayed the authorities be directed to file comprehensive reports regarding their failure and consequent deaths of children. He also sought strict action against those responsible for the situation. The court after hearing the arguments issued notice to the Health Department official for next hearing date, May 29.
LHC summons Sethi in PTBB case LAHORE APP
The Lahore High Court on Monday issued notices to the caretaker Punjab Chief Minister (CM) Najam Aziz Sethi for disallowing the
Punjab Text Book Board (PTBB) from competitively publishing manuscripts and textbooks. General Secretary PTBB Muhammad Akhtar Sherani’s counsel Hafiz Tariq Nasim pleaded that Najam Sethi as Pakistan Publishers and Booksellers Association (PPBSA) Chairman submitted an application on June 12, 2012 to the former CM Shahbaz Sharif that PTBB should be prevented from developing a manuscript for its own books. However, no action was taken by Shahbaz. However, when Najam Sethi became the caretaker CM, he acted on a similar
application from the PPBSA vice chairman on April 14 and restrained PTTB from working in open competition, providing an edge to private publishers for absolute monopoly. Sethi also ordered a re-advertisement for expression of interest. The petitioner’s counsel informed the court that earlier, bids were invited through proper advertisements in national newspapers from private publishers and agencies including PTBB on an open competition basis. Hafiz Tariq Nasim further argued that it was a violation of established norm that “No one can be a judge of his own cause”.
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Money is a way of creating scarcity. –Peter Coyote
Tuesday, 28 May, 2013
lHC aCts aGaInst a 13-year-old’s rape
fsC meetInG dIsCusses vulnerabIlIty of HIGH-rIse struCtures LAHORE: The second meeting of Fire Safety Commission (FSC) was held at Rescue 1122 Headquarters on Monday. FSC Chairman Dr Rizwan Naseer said that investigations reports of various fire incidents including Baldia Town, Karachi, Kharak Nullah incident, Aiwan-e-Mashriq Plaza, Shoe Factory Bund Road, Koh-e-Noor TV Channel fire incident and other major fire incidents clearly stressed the need for implementation of fire safety codes given in the by-laws. Dr Rizwan said the recommendations of Fire Protection Association of Pakistan (FPAP) should be implemented to ensure life safety to the citizens living in high rise buildings. He also approved short term policy for high rise buildings and also proposed establishment of Building Control Authority for sustainable building by-laws. APP
LAHORE: The Lahore High Court (LHC) on Monday took notice of the kidnapping and gang rape reported by the press of a female minor in Hafizabad. The Hafizabad District and Sessions Judge has been directed to probe into the matter and submit a detailed report regarding steps taken by the local police along with his own comments. According to details, the victim’s parents said that their 13year-old daughter was kidnapped at gunpoint and then gang raped. She was then left naked in the street in front of their house. The suspects later threatened to kill the girl if they filed a complaint with the police. The victim’s family protested against the police for refusing to register a gang rape complaint against the four suspects. The protesters gathered in front of the Press Club and chanted slogans against the police. Later, they dispersed after some police officers assured them that an investigation would begin soon. ONlINe
BEAST OF BURDEN: School children run to board an overloaded rickshaw. ONlINe
CraCkdown launCHed aGaInst unfIt veHICles LAHORE INP
A crackdown has been launched against the vehicles without fitness certificates and authorised CNG kits. Five drivers of such unfit vehicles have been arrested while more than 20 vehicles were ordered not to ply on roads. The fitness certificate of those vehicles, which were using unauthorised and substandard CNG cylinders, must be cancelled on the violation of rules and instructions.According to Regional Transport Authority (RTA) strict action would be taken against those who violate the laws.
lIon roars In punJab assembly from June 1 LAHORE: The caretaker provincial government on Monday sent a summary to the provincial governor regarding the newly elected Punjab Assembly’s first session is likely to be held on June 1, with Shahbaz Sharif all set to resume his duties as the province’s chief minister, official sources said. The session would be held with the governor’s approval, in which the newly elected members of assemblies would take oath. With an overwhelming majority in the assembly, the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) would form the government while the Pakistan Tehrik-i-Insaf (PTI) would serve as the opposition with about two dozen members. ONlINe
three pr officials sent to jail over rail track theft LAHORE: A local court on Monday sent three Pakistan Railways (PR) officials to jail in railway track theft case. Railway Police presented the accused Faisal Imran, Ghulam Qadir and Akhtar Ali in judicial magistrate’s court. The court was informed that the accused have stolen railway track worth Rs 240 million and sold at different places in the city. Police also requested the court to allow physical remand of the accused. INP
sethi speaks out against measles, polio LAHORE: Punjab Chief Minister Najam Sethi while issuing instructions for more effective steps for controlling measles in the province has directed for the utilizations of maximum resources for saving children from this disease. He said each life was precious and no effort should be spared in the treatment of the affected children. He further directed that best medical facilities should be provided to the patients of measles in hospitals. He said Helpline 0800-99000 has been fully activated for providing information to the people about preventive measures against measles. ONlINe
LAHORE: Babar Nagi performs at the New Lahore City Family Mela. PR
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Leadership is the other side of the coin of loneliness, and he who is a leader must always act alone. – Fedinand Marcos PARIS: A French protester throws a cobblestone at the police during a demonstration against same-sex marriage. AGeNCIeS
Japanese mayor apologises for remarks TOKOYO: The mayor of Japan’s third largest city, Osaka, has apologised for saying that US troops should patronise legal adult entertainment businesses as a way to reduce rapes and other assaults. Toru Hashimoto, 43, who is also the co-head of an emerging nationalistic party, said on Monday that his remarks two weeks ago rose from a “sense of crisis” about cases of sexual assaults by US military personnel on Japanese civilians in Okinawa, where a large number of US troops are based. “I understand that my remark could be construed as an insult to the US forces and to the American people’’ and was inappropriate, he said at the Foreign Correspondents’ Club of Tokyo. Hashimoto had created another uproar when he said that Japan’s wartime practice of forcing Asian women, mostly from South Korea and China, to work in frontline brothels was necessary to maintain discipline and provide relaxation for soldiers. He did not apologise for those comments, but he did call the use of so-called comfort women an “inexcusable act that violated the dignity and human rights of the women, in which large numbers of Korean and Japanese were included”. In explaining his ealier statement, Hashimoto said: “I happen to have used the word ‘necessity’ but it doesn’t mean I personally meant it was necessary ... I mean that it is a historical truth that soldiers were using women. Was it not necessary for them?” AGeNCIeS
The European Union nations remained divided on whether to ease sanctions against Syria to allow for weapons shipments to rebels fighting the regime of Syria’s President Bashar Assad. Britain is the most outspoken proponent of relaxing the arms embargo but faces opposition from some members that feel more weapons would only increase the killings and tarnish the EU’s reputation as a peace broker. Austria’s foreign minister, whose country opposes arms deliveries to the rebels, said on Monday that if there is no agreement the arms embargo would collapse. “The positions are far apart,” Guido Westerwelle, German foreign minister,
Communist rebels kill philippine commandos MANILA AGeNCIeS
OMMUNIST fighters have set off a roadside bomb and opened fire on a lorry carrying police in the northern Philippine province of Cagayan, killing seven police commandos and wounding eight more. The members of the elite police Special Action Force were travelling to a hospital on Monday for a regular medical test when the rebels, hiding in the bush along a road in Cataratan, detonated the explosive device and sprayed the vehicle with gunfire, according to a police spokesman. A group of 30 armed rebels launched the attack. The rebels have been waging a 44-year rural-based Marxist rebellion, which has claimed an estimated 120,000 lives. The government recently suspended peace talks brokered by Norway after the rebels re-
jected an immediate ceasefire. Commenting on Monday’s ambush, Rodrigo de Gracia, a regional police director, said the police commandos returned fire but were overpowered by the rebels, who later fled with weapons from the slain officers. The wounded officers managed to escape on foot and were rescued by government troops in the Ballesteros Municipal Hospital in Cagayan province, more than 400km northeast of the capital, Manila. Troops set up roadblocks and dispatched reinforcements to track down the assailants, Generoso Cerbo, police spokesman, said in Manila. The New People’s Army rebels accuse successive Philippine administrations of subservience to US interests and failing to improve the lives of the poor. Their numbers have dwindled to an estimated 4,000 fighters amid battle setbacks, surrenders and factionalism. They are listed as a terrorist organisation by the US and the
EU. Alexander Padilla, the chief government negotiator, said early this month that the exiled rebel leader, Joma Sison, had himself proposed to fasttrack the talks by establishing a ceasefire and a committee with the government to discuss political and economic reforms. However, Sison later backed off and blamed the government for the impasse. In Saturday’s clash in the south, seven communist fighters also were killed. Six soldiers and about 10 fighters were wounded in the attack, Colonel Jose Cenabre of the Marine Corps said on Sunday. Philippine security forces have been stretched thin by fighting the communist rebels while also battling Muslim fighters in the south. On Saturday, al-Qaedalinked Abu Sayyaf fighters killed seven soldiers in a clash on Jolo island in the country’s southernmost tip, following an operation aimed at rescuing six foreign and Filipino hostages.
eU DIvIDeD over syrIa arMs eMBargo said. He said it was not clear if the EU foreign ministers, meeting in Brussels, will reach an agreement on the issue. Assad has been using extensive firepower against lightly armed rebel factions. More than 94,000 people have died since the uprising against Assad’s regime erupted in March 2011, according to the latest UN figures. Both sides have agreed in principle to enter direct talks in the Swiss city of Geneva next month, backed by both the US and Russia. Several nations say that arming the opposition would create a level
playing field that would force Assad into a negotiated settlement. “It is important to show we are prepared to amend our arms embargo so that the Assad regime gets a clear signal that it has to negotiate seriously,’’ William Hague, UK foreign secretary, said. The date, agenda and list of participants for the so-called Geneva 2 conference remain unclear, and wide gaps persist about its objectives. The opposition the Syrian National Coalition, which has been meeting in the Turkish city of Istanbul since Thursday, has yet to reach an official position on the peace initiative.
Austria was among the holdouts to keep the EU from providing weapons, arguing it would only further fuel an already horrific situation. “‘We just received the Nobel Peace Prize and to now go in the direction of intentionally getting involved in a conflict with weapon deliveries, I think that is wrong,” Michael Spindelegger, Austria’s foreign minister, said. Any decision would require unanimity among the 27 member states, but failing to come up with a decision would leave options for individual member states open. “If there is no compromise, then
Tuesday, 28 May, 2013
tHousands rally aGaInst Gay marrIaGe In parIs PARIS: Riot police have battled hundreds of protesters in Paris at the end of a largely peaceful march by tens of thousands of people opposed to France’s new gay marriage law. Police arrested 96 people after scuffles at the protest in central Paris on Sunday once the bulk of protesters had gone home. The clashes erupted after hardliners began to wield sticks and riot police filled the Invalides Esplanade with tear gas. Youths shouted slogans against the leftwing government such as “Socialist dictatorship” and threw objects at journalists covering the event. The law came into force more than a week ago, but organisers went ahead with the protest to show their continued opposition and voice their frustrations with President Francois Hollande, who had made legalising gay marriage one of his key pledges in last year’s election. Large park grounds around Les Invalides monument were full of protesters waving pink and blue flags, while far-right activists hung a banner on the ruling Socialist Party headquarters urging Hollande to quit. The protests began as a grass roots campaign strongly backed by the Roman Catholic Church, but they have morphed into a wider movement with opposition politicians and far-right supporters airing their discontent at the socialist government. Although they have failed to block gay marriage, the protesters hope their renewed show of force will help stop or slow down further laws some Socialists want allowing assisted procreation and surrogate motherhood for gay couples. Jean-Francois Cope, leader of the opposition UMP party, marched in the demonstration and urged young protesters to join his party to keep up pressure on the left-wing government. AGeNCIeS
afrICan leaders want ICC to drop kenya trIals THE HAGUE: African leaders are due to pass a resolution urging the International Criminal Court to refer back to Kenya the crimesagainst-humanity cases against the country’s top leaders, according to a senior African Union official. Ramtane Lamamra, AU’s security commissioner, said the resolution would be passed on Monday as the continental bloc continued with activities to mark its golden jubilee. “We will be approving this morning what the ministers have proposed, definitely,” Lamamra told the AFP news agency, referring to a draft agreed on Friday by foreign ministers. The resolution calls for the ICC to refer back to Kenya the cases against recently elected President Uhuru Kenyatta and Vice President William Ruto. Kenyatta and Ruto, elected in March, both face trial in The Hague for their alleged roles in orchestrating deadly violence after the in 2007 election which left 1,100 people dead. AGeNCIeS
there is no sanctions regime,” Spindelegger said. “In my view that would be fatal, also for those who now absolutely want to deliver weapons.” Beyond the moral question of providing arms in a civil war, there are also fears that delivering weapons to the opposition would open the way for groups considered to be extremist to get hold of weapons that could then be targeted against the EU. Over the past two years, the EU has steadily increased the restrictive measures against the Assad regime, including visa restrictions and economic sanctions. In February, it also amended a full arms embargo to allow for non-lethal equipment and medicine to protect the civilians in the conflict. If not renewed, all those measures expire at the end of the month.
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nEwS Tuesday 28 May, 2013
sHo, 7 cops suspended as two abductors flee QUeTTa: Seven policemen have been suspended after two accused of abduction for ransom escaped from Cantt police station in Quetta on Monday. According to sources, police arrested two accused allegedly involved in abduction cases, but due to criminal negligence of security forces, both of them managed to escape custody. At this, the officers ordered the arrest of responsible security men and ultimately suspended Cantt SHO SH Jahangir Shah, ASI Murtaza, Head Constable Sajid, Constables Muhammad Ashraf, Muhammad Shuaib, Sultan Aziz and Sher Dil after investigation. On the other hand, the provincial government has announced Rs 1 million for the arrest of each of the accused. ONlINe
new Qaeda leaders add to pakistan’s woes: nyt
PESHAWAR: Army personnel display weapons and explosives seized during a search operation on Monday. INP
masses should get rid of elitist leadership: Qadri ToronTo: Tehreek Minhajul Quran chief Dr Tahirul Qadri has said unless masses took to streets against corrupt system, ‘elitist leadership’ would persist with its discriminations against masses. During an interview with a Canadian private TV channel, he regretted that “ever since 1980s and up to 2008, retired judges were never appointed for election tribunals. Why is the practice being carried out with such fanfare now?” Reacting to “PRA theory”, Qadri was sceptical about reputation of representing judges in Punjab ECP tribunal, since these judges had not been approved by the High Court. He expressed strong opinion that no political party would challenge his logic, as all were equally corrupt themselves, and had been granted ‘a bit of alms’ to keep mum. He also referred to the CJP’s Judicial Policy of 2009, which was fully compatible to PRA, and according to which any retired judicial officer could not be reinstated at any other public office. Qadri cited a notification according to which the Election Tribunal would hear appeals against decisions of returning officers, while currently returning officers were sitting (public) judges, who could not be promoted to high court(s), since a high ranking judge would be opposing them. ONlINe
kp assembly to meet on 29tH PESHAWAR
HE Khyber Pakhtunkhwa governor has summoned the provincial assembly to meet at the Provincial Assembly Building on Wednesday, May 29, at 10am for the members’ oath-taking ceremony, election and oath of the speaker, and the deputy speaker and for the election of the chief minister of the province. It was officially notified here in Peshawar on Monday. In the first-ever sitting of the new Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly, the newly-elected MPs would take oath. Outgoing speaker Kiramatullah Khan Chagharmati will administer
oath to new members of the august house. After administering oath to the newly-elected MPs, Chagharmati will announce the schedule for the election of the speaker. In this respect, another session of the House will be held on May 30. On the same day, the newly-elected speaker will announce the schedule for election of the deputy speaker. So far the Pakistan Tehreek-eInsaf, which is the major party in the KP Assembly, has nominated its provincial President Asad Qaisar for the office of speaker. The opposition parties will announce the name of their candidate on May 29. The PTI-led coalition partners have not yet announced the name of its candidate for the office of deputy speaker. Upon completion of the election
of the speaker and the deputy speaker, the House will go for the election of chief minister. Pervez Khattak has already been nominated as the leader of the House. After administering oath, Khattak will complete his cabinet. The cabinet will comprise of 15 members, two each from the Qaumi Watan Party and the Jamaat-e-Islami, the two to-be coalition parties. The PTI has 44 members in the House of 99, nut this number is likely to go up to 59 with notification of women and minorities on reserved seats. The JUI-F, the PML-N and the Awami National Party will go to the opposition benches. The PPP and the eth Awami Jamhoori Ittehad (Swabi group) have yet to decide their status in the provincial assembly.
neW York: Committed Pakistani jihadists with ties to Afghan militants have replaced the slain top al Qaeda leaders killed by US drones in the Tribal Areas, which analysts fear could plunge into “deeper chaos” after American troops leave neighbouring Afghanistan in 2014, the New York Times reported on Monday. “From multi-billion-dollar military aid to stealthy and secretive drone strikes, Pakistan, perhaps even more than Afghanistan, has been the central focus of America’s 12-year war” on terror, the New York Times reported. The paper said “although many senior leaders of al Qaeda sheltering there have been felled by CIA missiles, they have been largely replaced by committed Pakistani jihadists with ties that span the border with Afghanistan”. The unruly tribal belt in northwestern Pakistan, a hotbed of militancy, has witnessed about 360 US drone strikes in the past decade, killing several high-ranking al Qaeda commanders who took shelter in the restive region, it said. ONlINe
nation to work together for country’s progress: shahbaz ISLAMABAD: Former Punjab chief minister Shahbaz Sharif on Monday said the nation would have to work together for the progress and prosperity of the country. Talking to a private TV channel, he said Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz President Nawaz Sharif had made the country’s defence impregnable. To a question regarding formation of government, Shahbaz said negotiations for forming a coalition government to run the affairs in Balochistan were underway. “We will work with coalition partners to take the province forward,” he said. APP
Dr ahmed urges non-military solution to militancy in tribal areas WASHINGTON SPeCIAl CORReSPONDeNT
Dr Akbar Ahmed, an internationally acclaimed scholar, has stressed on the importance of finding a mix of political and administrative solutions to militancy in tribal areas, saying that the use of force in the ongoing conflict only exacerbated the situation for the United States, central governments and the local populations. Professor Ahmed, whose book The Thistle and the Drone critiques the Obama administration’s reliance on drones and the central government’s administrative failures in 40 tribal regions, pointed out that the US-led war on terror fought in tribal lands has been overly dominated by ideological narrative. After the 9/11 attacks, the United States began the war in Afghanistan without understanding the tribal nature of the Afghan society and similarly
since 2004, it has been waging drones over skies of Pakistani tribal areas with dangerous implications. In his study, Ahmed concluded that the US had entangled itself in the war between central governments and tribal societies existing on the margins of the countries like Pakistan and Yemen. He says that 18 of the 19 hijackers involved 9/11 terrorist attacks had tribal roots, while al Qaeda chief Osama bin Laden always relied on his tribal network. History had repeatedly taught that excessive use of force was not the way out of insurgencies or unrest, Ahmed said. Ahmed, who served as Islamabad’s political representative in South Waziristan in the 1970s, cited the example of British Viceroy to India Lord Curzon, who devised a creative new way of governing the fiercely independent tribal areas on the edge of Indian empire in the early 20th century.
Speaking on drones, he said that they killed some militants but they also created hundreds more. Ahmed’s comments in an appearance on US TV channel came days after President Barack Obama, faced with international and domestic criticism of drone warfare, defended unmanned aerial operations but vowed to limit their use with stricter oversight. Ahmed also noted during the discussion that Boston bombings should be taken as a point to initiate America’s understanding of the marginalised people in tribal societies. He explained his point by drawing attention to the fact that the Americans benefited enormously by learning about culture, traditions and way of life of the native Americans. If applied to the tribes on the periphery of the Muslim countries, the same approach would help Washington deal with the problems in a much better way, he said.
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Tuesday 28 May, 2013
petition seeks early hearing of lal masjid case against musharraf ISLAMABAD KASHIF AbbASI
petition was on Monday filed with the Islamabad High Court requesting early hearing of a case seeking registration of a murder case against former president Pervez Musharraf for ordering military operation on Lal Masjid. The petitioner, Haroonur Rashid, son of late Ghazi Abdul Rashid, who had requested the court for the registration of an FIR against Musharraf for ordering the mil-
itary operation, on Monday filed a miscellaneous petition in IHC, seeking early hearing of his petition he filed on May 7, 2013. In his application, the petitioner said according to media reports, Musharraf was trying to leave the country so his already filed petition should be heard on priority. During the last hearing of the case, Justice Noorul Haq N Qureshi had heard the petition and
issued notice to Aabpara police SHO. Haroon Rashid filed the petition and moved the court through his counsel M Tariq Asad and made the Aabpara police SHO and General (r) Pervez Musharraf respondents. In his petition, he said an order of Supreme Court dated November 2, 2007 in which it was stated by the IG police that after recording the state-
ments of all concerned, the police would proceed in the matter strictly in accordance with law. The petitioner continued that he submitted several applications before the Aabpara SHO to register an FIR but the same were refused. He contended that in the ‘Operation Silence’, a large number of innocent people, including boys and girls, were killed against the law of the land. The petitioner said it was cleared that Musharraf had ordered the military operation and had confessed at various occasions that 94 people had been killed in the operation.
Judges detention case: IHC issues notices to all parties; seeks records IsLamabad: The Islamabad High Court (IHC) hearing judges detention case against former military ruler Gen (r) Pervez Musharraf on Monday issued a notice to all those party to the case and sought all relevant record over an appeal filed against the court’s decision to discard the bail plea of the former president. A divisional bench of the IHC comprising Justice Shaukat Aziz Siddiqui and Justice Riaz Ahmed Khan resumed hearing in an appeal filed in the IHC by Ilyas Siddiqui, counsel for Musharraf, against the rejection of his client’s bail application by an Anti Terrorism Court in the judges detention case. The bench hearing the case issued notices to all those party to the case and sought all relevant record while adjourning the hearing until June 4. INP
senate body asks foreign ministry to avoid appointing dual nationals
PESHAWAR: Supporters of various political parties of Bannu stage a sit-in in front of the Central Jail on Monday against alleged vote rigging in the May 11 elections. INP
sbp denies irregularities in purchase of bullet-proof car for governor KARACHI PReSS ReleASe
Clarifying a news item titled “SBP governor orders Rs 40m bullet proof car” published on May 1, a statement of the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) issued on Monday denied that the SBP governor had committed any irregularity in seeking approval for the purchase of a bullet proof vehicle for his use. The statement said that complete record of the necessary documentation was present with the bank. It said that on March 2, 2013, SBP Governor Yaseen Anwar sought approval of the Finance Ministry for purchase of the bullet proof vehicle in view of the security agencies’ advice to increase his security because of the deteriorating law and order situation in Karachi. The statement said that the then finance minister Salim Mandviwalla had given his approval to the request the same day. The statement said that on March 16, the Interior Ministry issued a No-Objection Certificate for the purchase/import of the bullet-proof vehicle for the bank. The letter was copied to the directors general of Inter Services Intelligence and Intelligence Bureau, the Commerce Ministry secretary and the personal secretary to the Interior Minister. The statement further said that the SBP Board had also endorsed immediate purchase of the vehicle in a meeting on March 20.
no peace without Kashmir resolution: Jalil ISLAMABAD ONlINe
Foreign Affairs Secretary Jalil Abbas Jilani on Monday said that without resolving the Kashmir issue durable peace and sustainable development in nuclear south Asia was impossible. Giving a briefing to Kashmiri leadership regarding the Kashmir issue he said that Pakistan maintained its bold stance on Kashmir issue on all international forums. “Organisation of Islamic Countries (OIC) contact group has been made effective and complete support has been provided to Kashmiri’s voice in United Nations General Assembly session”, he added. The Foreign Affairs secretary lauded the government of Kashmir for making commendable ef-
forts for highlighting the Kashmir issue. He also appreciated the role of Kashmiri diaspora who made successful contributions towards the issue and made it clear that Kashmiris would never back out of their fundamental and recognised right to self determination. Jilani said, “UN resolutions have been accepted by all stakeholders of the dispute and it’s the best way forward to the solution as international community had also extended its commitment for the implementation of the said resolutions”. He said that voices from India had started rising for Kashmiris’ rights. He also backed the idea of AJ&K Premier that the newly elected parliament should reassert the joint resolution passed by previous assemblies in Pakistan.
IsLamabad: The Senate Standing on Foreign and Kashmir Affairs and Gilgit-Baltistan on Monday directed the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to avoid appointing dual nationals. In a meeting held at the Parliament House under the chairmanship of Senator Haji Muhammad Adeel, the committee also instructed that authorities concerned to ensure that Pakistani prisoners in India should be provided the required facilities. The committee directed the Foreign Ministry to ensure release of Pakistani prisoners, especially those who had completed their sentences in India. Senator Sughra Imam said the ministry was an important ministry regarding foreign relations and the presence of dual nationals in the ministry was not a good sign keeping in view the secrecy of important issues. The committee chairman said it should be mandatory for officials of the Foreign Ministry be Pakistani nationals, adding that the country’s affairs should be run by its citizens. The Foreign Ministry informed the committee that a total at 469 Pakistanis were languishing in the various jails of India. He said of the total, 197 Pakistanis prisoners had not been provided consular access by India despite several requests, adding that according to an agreement singed between Pakistan and India in May 2008, consular access was to be provided within 90 days of the arrest the prisoners of either country. He said the agreement was not followed by India. Senator Farhatullah Babar asked the ministry to inform the committee in next meeting about how many India prisoners were languishing in Pakistani jails and how many had completed their sentences. To a question, the official said in the past year, 455 verbal notes had been issued to parliamentarians and their families, including former parliamentarians Sheikh Rashid, Dainal Aziz, Amir Hussain and Yasin Baloch. APP
sC orders shifting two missing persons from detention centers IsLamabad: A missing person reached home while another two were in detention, the Supreme Court was told Monday. A three-member SC bench, presided over by Justice Jawwad S Khawaja, took up the case for hearing. Deputy Attorney General Dil Muhammad Ali Zai filed a report. Defence Human Rights Chairwoman Amna Masood Janjua was also present in the court. The court was told during the course of hearing that one missing person, Qari Abdul Samad, had reached home while another two were still held captive in detention centers. The court disposed of the petition with regards to Qari Abdul Samad but issued orders for shifting the other two, Haji Muqarrab Khan and Zakirullah, from detention centers to the SC. The hearing of the case was adjourned until Tuesday (today). ONlINe
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Success is not final, failure is not fatal: it is the courage to continue that counts. –Winston Churchill
Changing of the guard An enviable situation indeed!
CoMMEnT Tuesday, 28 May, 2013
the mQm‘s dilemma Will it be able to adapt?
ECENT speeches by Altaf Hussain indicate that he is finding it hard to cope with the post-election realities. On the one hand he is unhappy over the election results which despite an overall victory for the party have laid bare crucial weaknesses which if not overcome might cause big upsets in the Local Bodies Elections to be held in a year or so. The MQM had enjoyed an uninterrupted tenure of 10 years in power when the elections 2013 were announced. The incumbency factor naturally weighed heavily against the party. Meanwhile Imran Khan who attracted the urban middle class youth, professionals, and highly educated voters all over the country had made inroads in Karachi also. By the time unofficial results started pouring in on the evening of May 11, the MQM had cause for worry. In many constituencies which were traditionally the MQM strongholds, the PTI candidates put up strong opposition, getting from 30,000 to 50,000 votes. A few days later PTI’s Arif Alvi won NA 250 bagging 77,659 votes. The killing of PTI leader Zahra Shahid led Imran Khan to announce that the murder was committed at the behest of the MQM. The incident led to a big protest in London billed by some as the largest demonstration by Pakistanis outside 10 Downing Street in over a decade. Altaf Hussain felt some of his party leaders had let him down on two accounts. One, they had indulged in practices that weakened the party. Two they had failed to defend him against charges leveled by Imran Khan. These were the reasons cited while overhauling of the party high command. It remains to be seen if the move to cleanse the party of the ‘bhatta’mafia or those minting money through government patronage is really meant to purge the party of corrupt elements or is no more than a tactical move. The party is yet undecided whether to join the Sindh government or do something else. The PML-N which now commands absolute majority in the National Assembly is not under obligation to seek any other party’s support. It has already enlisted a number of allies from Sindh and Balochistan. The MQM is thus out of the federal government for the next five years, something which has not happened to it in a decade. A little before the elections Altaf Hussain had claimed an MQM member would occupy the post of CM in Sindh. With so many PPP candidates already in the queue for the job there is little chance of the MQM getting the office. The leadership of the PML-N which says it is committed to improving the economy has already sent out signals that nobody is going to be allowed to close down Karachi through violence at will. The MQM will have to develop an altogether different type of modus vivendi with both the PPP and the PML-N in the days to come. It remains to be seen if it can perform the feat.
the new drone paradigm With Obama restricting drone programme focus can shift to talks with Taliban
HE war on terror may one day end, is the glad message many took from President Obama’s speech last Thursday. The more immediate message was that “drone strikes will now be limited.” It appears foreign and local pressure has been telling for the US, which has decided to take the drone programme out of the hands of the CIA and put it firmly in the hands of the civilian administration. The US President has moved to restrict the use of drones against “only an imminent, continuing” threat, instead of the earlier policy against any vaguely defined “significant threat.” The US Secretary of State John Kerry, due to arrive in Pakistan soon, speaking in Adis Ababa tried to brush off suggestions that the limits in the drone programme are due to “pressure,” rather claiming that the drone programme had successfully weakened the Al-Qaeda leadership. The US decision comes at an appropriate time for the new Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz (PML-N) government in the centre, with one less worry from the front of international relations, it can continue to attempt the task of “holding peace talks with the Taliban,” as agreed in the All-Parties Conference (APC) hosted by the Jamaat Ulemai-Islam-Fazl (JUI-F) two weeks before the elections. On the one side, it is a positive sign that agreements before the elections are being upheld by political parties after the elections. But on the other side, some suggest that with John Kerry also declaring that the US “prefers talking with, rather than fighting the Taliban,” the international consensus is pushing the JUI-F and PML-N to stick to the “talk with the Taliban” policy. This also suggests that political parties are ready to forgive the Taliban for trying to destablise the country prior to the elections. The question again is: what are the terms of the peace talks? No one knows. What is expected is that with the drop in drone strikes, public hostility to the US may be reduced. With the US and NATO troops also set to withdraw from Afghanistan in 2014, there is certainly need for more stable, amicable relations between all the regional countries and the US. The US is now looking to Pakistan to aid it in helping the NATO evacuation of Afghanisatan. It means that the argument the Taliban has been able to employ, that the “Pakistan government acts as a poodle to US interests,” may no longer hold. The new consensus is on talks with the Taliban, but the perimeters of such talks need to be worked out soon. And what if they fail, once again? With the US out of the picture if the Taliban choose not to give up arms, then any necessary fight against it would at least be considered an internal fight. The new drone paradigm promises much to the next government. Now it is up to them to carry the mantle.
Dedicated to the legacy of the late Hameed Nizami
Aziz-ud-Din Ahmad Editor Lahore – Ph: 042-36375963-5 Fax: 042-32535230 Karachi – Ph: 021-35381208-9 Fax: 021-35381208 Islamabad – Ph: 051-2287273 Fax: 051-2850505 Web: www.pakistantoday.com.pk Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
N some days the new prime minister will be sworn in; Khoso and his team of caretakers will have gone having successfully delivered their mission. Congratulations to them. For Pakistan this will be a major paradigm change. Since October 1999 the shots have been called by the presidency, albeit totally contrary to the role envisaged in the Constitution. First, Musharraf, initially by virtue of the military coup and subsequently through a referendum of sorts or an election if you will have, dominated elected prime ministers at will. Subsequently Zardari followed suit, using his supremacy within the party to impose his will and writ on the prime ministers of the day. This will all change now. Nawaz Sharif will be the constitutional chief executive and in a position to exercise prime ministerial powers without let or hindrance. He will also be able to run government without the need to share power with coalition partners. The buck will stop with him. An enviable situation indeed! At the same time this very scenario had led to autocratic rule and the despotic fifteenth amendment, in Sharif’s last government, eventually leading to his losing his famed ‘mandate’ to military intervention. The prime minister, in the language of democracy, Latin, is Primus Inter Pares, or first among equals or peers. The operative word being ‘equals or peers’. In Pakistan party leadership is cult driven through an iconic hero worship. This tends to lead astray the heads of political parties and the party becomes synonymous with or subjugated to its leader. Experience tells us that this quickly clouds the mind, blinding and deafening the incumbent, leading to monumental errors of judgement. The need therefore of wisdom and good judgement cannot be ignored at any time. In saying this, I want to quickly point out that I do not anticipate military intervention, but I do know that Pakistan has drastically changed and evolved during these fourteen years. There is no mistaking the lamb-like nature is no more and the people are in the throes of political evolution. Events leading to Musharraf’s ouster were an eye-opener for all spheres. The entire country, the hitherto
inert intelligentsia included, joined in the ‘revolt’ against arbitrary actions directed at the CJ of the Supreme Court. The press emboldened by uncontrolled freedom has woken the sleeping giant and earned its new role in both playing a monitoring role on governance as well as being a form of gratis entertainment for the masses on electronic media. Changes in Nawaz Sharif’s own life have been massive. Fourteen long years have passed since he last held office, during which time he has suffered many ordeals and trials. Perhaps the most major being the loss of his mentor Mian Mohamed Sharif, his father, who, as an inherent part of the administration, provided sagacious and shrewd advice, will be a big departure from the old. It appears that past lessons have been well learned based on current statements and actions of the future prime minister. Perhaps we can then prepare ourselves to witness improved statesmanship and sensitivity in leading this rather tumultuous and highly emotional nation. The challenges the prime minister designate faces are massive as we experience some and read of others every day. Financial resources are limited in most sectors and recoveries are likely to follow a normal gestation period. The people have to be taught to manage their expectations. This, I believe, will be the most important challenge of the new government. For the last five years we have witnessed a relentless election campaign. With rhetoric being the focus of our psyche, politicians, anchors, opinion makers and analysts have played with the emotions of the people. The lack of delivery, hence the current state of affairs, is not a hand-me-down from one government or political party because every political party, including the PML-N has been in office the past five years. The exception being Imran Khan, and he too has played with emotions in the recent past, with success it would seem. There is no doubt in my mind that achieving this goal requires greater participation of the rank and file. Peoples’ expectations don’t just go away, they have to be cajoled into subscribing to reality subject to the clean and honest intentions of government. I would assume a first step would be visible curtailment of government and focus on delivery. I also believe now that the elections are done, rhetoric must end. At least until the next election campaign begins in 2017. By this I do not mean give up monitoring progress but let the government function; no dharnas, hartals, closures that distress the situation. The electronic media too should play its role in ensuring the government gets a chance to begin to lay the foundations for recovery and progress. For too long we have been building on weak foundations only to see something built wither and die due to neglect and then being obliterated by legalized
illegal interventions. For certain parties to say they do not accept the result is ridiculous. It amounts to rejecting the will of the people. Sure, you can contest a seat as a token of democratic right, but once that election is over all parties need to put their head together and collectively work on an agenda. Praise the good being done and come down hard on what is not being done. But then arm yourself with justification and cause before presenting the case to the people. Multiple issues are on the radar screen of the new government. Significant is the relationship with the United States and our stand on the war on terror. Mr. Sharif’s advocacy against the drone attacks has been strong. This is well noted here in Washington and most people I have had the opportunity to discuss it with share Pakistan’s concern. President Obama outlined his strategy a couple of days ago during which he mentioned a diminishing role of the drones in the region. And of course the end of the war or at least disengagement is to be completed by 2014. Where this will leave Pakistan-US relations is a matter of serious discussion and debate. No one doubts that the US will stay focused on Pakistan given the rise of extremism. And the fact that Pakistan is in possession of a “stockpile of over 100 nuclear warheads”. But the extent it is willing to go to in the form of financial aid and military and other support depends on the relations and levels of cooperation that are built up in the months prior to the complete withdrawal from Afghanistan. It also depends a great deal on how Pakistan’s foreign policy is handled by the new government. The military has had a great influence, perhaps has dominated, Pakistan’s foreign policy for decades. Nawaz Sharif appears, on the face of it, to be preparing to pursue an independent way forward. We shall have to wait and see. Perhaps, in setting the record straight for Pakistan and the world, it is important that the new government communicates the static support to religious parties since the inception of democracy in 1971, which has never exceeded five per cent. Current results state 4.7 per cent. A declaration from the new prime minister stating that religious extremism is a heinous crime, accompanied by strong measures to curb this menace would be very welcome. Political parties are an essence of democracy, consensus being of utmost importance at this critical juncture. You may well say, all Pakistan’s junctures are critical. I would agree immediately. Let us then put this to our political leadership. Nawaz Sharif has already asked for consensus. Let us join hands and strive collectively for at least four years of peaceful progress before we start campaigning again. The writer can be contacted at: email@example.com
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problem in the air
who should be the next pm?
This needless negative publicity involving PK 709 diversion to Stansted could have been avoided had the Captain behaved in a professional and mature manner, instead of creating an international scare, where none existed. A scuffle onboard a PIA flight to Manchester carrying hotheaded British citizens of Pakistani origin is not an unusual affair for frequent fliers on this route travelling in Economy. The PIA crew should have been more tactful in handling such situations. The deterioration in human resources during past five years, when airline was run by incompetent officers has had its impact on professionalism, which was once the proud asset of the national airline. When pilot recruitment in PIA is allowed to be dominated by kith and kin of its senior executives and scions of top bureaucrats cum political elite, than professionalism and discipline were bound to be a casualty. Today PIA has become burden on tax payers. Half its fleet is grounded for lack of spares, yet the management and board of directors found it appropriate to give an unprecedented wage hike costing over Rs 3.5 billion annually. Terrorists don’t get into scuffles with fellow passengers and in the heat of the moment hurl threats as was done in this case. GULL ZAMAN Hyattabad
Mr Muhammad Nawaz Sharif has become a true leader. He has returned from exile not for any personal gains but to lead his Pakistan into a brighter and better future. He has been the prime minister of Pakistan twice, and has achieved successes other leaders can only imagine. And with the current state of Pakistan, we all need a leader like Mian Nawaz Sharif who can guide us out of this darkness our previous leaders have brought us into. He has a tough job ahead of him as he has to tackle the energy, economy and security crisis faced by everyone in Pakistan. I hope that Mian Nawaz Sharif does not make the mistake of becoming the prime minister of Pakistan. As an elder brother and leader of PML-N, he should let Mian Shahbaz Sharif become the prime minister of Pakistan. It has been Mr Shahbaz Sharif’s endless hard work that the PML-N has won this election. He has been the sole leader of Pakistan in the past five years who has made everyone proud to be a Pakistani. He has the capacity and capability to work on the ground and help streamline major projects. He has proven himself to Punjab twice and now he should be given a chance to serve Pakistan too. SHAHRYAR KHAN BASEER Peshawar
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A man is a success if he gets up in the morning and gets to bed at night, and in between he does what he wants to do. –Bob Dylan
Tuesday, 28 May, 2013
the Game of drones Welcome to the age of Murder.Gov
the promise of africa Young, vibrant African leadership rises despite many challenges
S Africa rising? Judging by the buzz and optimism of the young business leaders and political trailblazers from across the continent who gathered for the World Economic Forum on Africa earlier this month, the answer is a qualified “yes.” The African Leadership Network – co-founded by Stanford graduates Fred Swaniker, now the CEO of the African Leadership Academy, and Achankeng Leke, director of McKinsey’s Nigerian operations – is emblematic of a new generation of leaders who brim with sophisticated confidence about Africa’s emergence. They are part of the coming elite whose ideas shaped the discussion in Cape Town. There is a new discourse on African development. Echoing last June’s UN-sponsored Rio Plus 20 summit on sustainable development, many young leaders want to replace the 2015 Millennium Development Goals, defined in the global North, with Sustainable Development Goals defined in the global South. Their call is to follow an era of loans and aid with one of investment and trade by “Unlocking Africa’s Talent” – the WEF theme for the Cape Town meeting. Optimism about Africa’s prospects is not new. Fifteen years ago, then South African Deputy President Thabo Mbeki heralded a coming African renaissance. He turned out to be prescient. Helped along by a sustained boom in world commodity prices and insulated from the worst of the global financial crisis by low levels of debt, at least when compared with the US and much of Europe, many African economies are thriving. Last month Africa Monitor singled out South Africa, Nigeria, Angola, Ghana and Ethiopia as high-growth economies to watch. Of the world’s fastest growing economies, five of the top 12 and 11 of the top 20 are now in Africa. Rwanda, best known for the genocidal murder of a million people less than two decades ago, is now peaceful and flourishing, with a 7.8 percent projected GDP growth rate for 2013 and an announced goal of eliminating dependence on foreign aid. According to the World Bank’s 2013 Doing Business report, Rwanda is the world’s second
most improved nation since 2005 and the most improved in sub-Saharan Africa. Recent discoveries of vast quantities of natural gas in Mozambique promise to grow that country’s GDP by a factor of 10 in the coming decade. Hedge funds have been investing even in Zimbabwe – to the point where investment director David Stevenson was wondering in Moneyweek in 2010 whether it might be “the next emerging market dynamo.” In an era of financial upheavals and bursting bubbles, we are bound to ask how much of this Africa enthusiasm is hype. Global GDP, trade or investment figures do not show the continent having that much impact yet, and 18 of the world’s 20 poorest countries are still in Africa – the other two being war-torn Afghanistan and earthquake-devastated Haiti. The African situation might be even worse than the statistics suggest. As noted by WEF co-chair and philanthropist Mo Ibrahim, born in South Sudan and who went on to study in Britain before and founding the telecommunications firm Celtel, there is no reliable data on poverty for many of Africa’s poor countries. This is to say nothing of the effects of civil strife roiling North and West Africa. At least 50,000 have now died in Libya’s post-Gaddafi continuing catastrophe. Egypt, with its decimated tourist industry, exploding population and collapsing infrastructure may be heading for the ranks of failed states. Somalia and Mali stagger along. There was much talk in at the WEF of reducing poverty-and-inequality, often uttered almost as a single word. It’ is far from obvious that the two go so easily together. China has pulled millions out of poverty over the past few decades, but inequality there has increased dramatically. South Africa has also made inroads into its high poverty rates since the 1994 transition, but its Gini coefficient, a standard measure of inequality, remains unchanged and one of the highest among countries for which data are available. There are contrarian examples, Lula’s Brazil being a country in which poverty and inequality were reduced together. But people in Cape Town were not talking about Lula. There are also demographic worries. The median age on the continent is 20. Countries like Nigeria are even younger: 30 percent of its 180 million citizens are under the age of ten. These people must be educated and employed. In South Africa, unemployment has come down to a (still staggeringly high) 25 percent, but its youth unemployment rate, at over 48 percent, is the third highest in the world. Because of the AIDS tragedy, the country’s ratio of working age to dependent population is the highest it has ever been, or will be in the coming decades, but that does not help much if the working-age population does not work. Former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown noted at one WEF session that currently 61 million school-aged children in Africa are not being educated. The demands on educational infrastructures
suggested by these numbers are almost beyond comprehension – not least because of the dearth of qualified, or in many cases even literate, teachers. Then there are concerns about the shape of economic growth. Unless economic resurgence steers Africa’s economies in more diversified directions, the dangers of cronyism and misgovernment long associated with the oil curse will remain. Winner-take-all economics begets loser-lose-all politics. Mozambique’s natural gas bounty could do for it what North Sea oil did for Britain and Norway, but there are also the Libyan, Venezuelan and Russian possibilities. Ditto for Nigerian oil. Economic diversification is easier said than done. Mo Ibrahim noted that there are now 650 million cellphones in Africa, a remarkable fact for which he and the telecommunications firm he founded deserve a good part of the credit. This reality makes instant communication, retail banking, and other forms of commerce possible overnight – all of which would have required decades of infrastructure building a generation ago. But Ibrahim also pointed out that not one of those cellphones is manufactured anywhere in Africa. By itself this is not such a devastating fact. Economists tell us that everything need not be built everywhere; people must play to their comparative advantages. The failure to grasp that led to plenty of wasted effort on import-substitution industrialization in Latin America in the 1970s and 1980s. But Africa’s emerging-market economies are in desperate need of diversification and employment in an era of deskilling. The Chinese do not have any particular skill or resource endowment for manufacturing cellphones. Africans should be competing with the Chinese rather than just selling them raw materials, the extraction of which often does not even create local employment when Chinese companies bring in their own nationals to do the work. Africa faces daunting challenges, but no one should write off the entrepreneurial dynamism pulsing through Cape Town’s International Convention Center this month – a venue that consistently calls to mind the amazement at what has been achieved every year since South Africa’s transition began in the early 1990s. But one could also have looked forward in any of those years at challenges so forbidding that it would have been hard to imagine the country meeting them. In South Africa, as elsewhere on the continent, this gap between what has been done and what now awaits will partly be filled by the new generation of African leaders who shaped the conversation at the WEF. They represent hope for a better African future. The writer is a Sterling Professor of Political Science at Yale University, where he also serves as Henry R Luce Director of the MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies. He has written widely and influentially on democracy, justice, and the methods of social inquiry.
T last we know. The mysterious legal authority for Barack Obama’s killer drone programme flows from another administration with an elastic interpretation of executive power: that of Richard Nixon. In a chilling 16-page dossier known simply as the White Paper, one of Obama’s statutory brains at the Justice Department cites the 1969 secret bombing of JeFFRey ST ClAIR Cambodia as a legal rationale justifying drone strikes, deep inside nations, against which the United States is not officially at war. This startling disclosure is drafted in the antiseptic prose of an insurance adjuster announcing the denial of a claim based on a pre-existing condition. Yet, the bombing of Cambodia (aka Operation Menu), which involved more than 3,000 air strikes, was almost universally acknowledged as a war crime. Now the Obama administration has officially enshrined that atrocity as precedent for its own killing rampages. Since Obama’s election, the CIA has overseen nearly 320 drone strikes in Pakistan alone, killing more than 3,000 people, as many as 900 of them civilians. Among the dead are at least 176 children. Assassination was never this easy, never so risk-free. George W. Bush was mocked by liberals for calling himself the Decider. Bush deployed this pathetic bit of oil slang to defend himself against accusations that Cheney and his coterie of Neo-Cons were calling the shots in the Iraq war. But was Bush’s posturing any more absurd than the image of Obama piously consulting the homilies of Aquinas, as he personally checks off the names on his drone kill list and watches streaming videos of the writhing bodies shredded by Hellfire missiles? Bush’s murderous psyche at least presented itself for analysis and explication. Perhaps W’s blood lust stemmed from a Freudian fixation on Saddam’s pathetic attempt to off his father in Kuwait City. Perhaps it was warped by spasms of subconscious guilt over allowing 9/11 to occur on his watch. What, however, is the driving force behind Obama’s savagery? Unlike Bush, who tended to show revealing glimpses of emotional strain, Obama operates with the icy rectitude of a political sociopath. In Obama’s game of drones, the atrocities in the name of empire seem consciously geared to some deep political algorithm of power and death. The Left remains largely insensate to the moral and constitutional transgressions being committed by their champion, leaving only the faintly ludicrous figure of Rand Paul to offer official denunciations against these malignant operations. For his troubles, Paul’s admirable filibuster against the nomination of John Brennan, master of the drones, to head the CIA is ridiculed as an exercise in paranoia by the likes of Frank Rich and Lawrence O’Donnell. The professional Left, from the progressive caucus to the robotic minions of Moveon.org, lodge no objections and launch no protests over the administration’s acts of sanctimonious violence against the empire’s enemies. Worse, they behave like political eunuchs, offering grovelling tributes and degrading supplications to their Master, even as Obama defiles their ideological aspirations. The president has offered us a master class in political mesmerism, transforming the anti-war Left into supine functionaries of the imperial management team. The cyber-Left is kept rigidly in line by the architects of liberal opinion. From David Corn to Rachel Maddow, the progressive press acts in sinister harmony with the administration’s neoliberal agenda. They sedulously ignore Obama’s constitutional depredations, and instead devote acres of airspace to the faux clashes over sequestration and gay marriage. Night after night, we are presented with sideshows, what Hitchcock called the McGuffin in his films, the dramatic diversions designed to distract the audience’s attention from the real game being played. Meanwhile, the liberal commentariat is balefully complacent to the rapacity of Obama’s remote control death squadrons, even in the face of sombre evidence regarding the drone programme’s criminal nature. Raid after raid, kill after kill, ruin after ruin, they remain silent. But their silence only serves to emphasize their complicity, their consciousness of guilt. Their fingers too are stained by distant blood. Even Nixon, the ultimate enforcer, was rocked by insubordinates defecting from his regime, aides and staffers who reached their limit and resigned in disgust. One of them was Roger Morris. Morris, an occasional contributor to CounterPunch, served on the National Security Council during LBJ’s administration and continued after Nixon’s election under Henry Kissinger. But Morris reached his limit in the spring of 1970, resigning over the covert bombing of Cambodia. How times have changed. Where are similar figures of conscience in the Obama White House, or even the Democratic Party? Where are the leaks and resignations? Perhaps this is the ultimate object lesson on display in the ongoing persecution of Bradley Manning. Internal dissent, regardless of its legal and moral standing, shall not be tolerated. Indeed, it will be considered sedition and will be smothered by the supreme sanction of the government. Acts that were once considered outrages against conscience are now routine. Welcome to the age of Murder.Gov. The writer is the editor of CounterPunch. His most recent book (with Joshua Frank) is Hopeless: Barack Obama and the Politics of Illusion.
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A arts Tuesday, 28 May, 2013
I never wanted to be the next Bruce Lee. I just wanted to be the first Jackie Chan. –Jackie Chan
JolIe’s aunt dIes of breast CanCer
days after op-ed
L a mInute wItH
IndIan aCtor Irrfan on HIs
new fIlm 'lunCHbox' Irrfan is no stranger to Hollywood. The Indian actor, who uses only his first name, has played roles in acclaimed films such as "Life of Pi", "Slumdog Millionaire" and "A Mighty Heart". His new film "The Lunchbox", an Indian-French-German co-production, won the Grand Rail d'Or at Critics' Week at the 66th Cannes film festival and the North American movie rights were acquired by Sony Pictures Classics. Director Ritesh Batra's debut feature film is about a wrongly delivered lunchbox that connects a young Hindu housewife to a Catholic man played by Irrfan. He, 46, told Reuters about his latest film and how he sees Indian cinema changing to become more international: Q: Tell us about "The Lunchbox". A: It's a sweet love story, it's a feelgood film, it makes you feel nice but the narrative is very simple. The strength of the film is that it says so much without talking. It is the things which the characters are not saying that are the most powerful in the film. That's the uniqueness of the film. Q: "The Lunchbox" is directed by a first timer director, Ritesh Batra. What were your expectations and why did you agree to be part of it? A: The story, the writing, it was special. The story was unique. I saw he hadn't made full-length features but he had made some short films and that gave me a clue. He is one of the directors who capture actors, their performances, and that is a great combination. I had full faith in him. There was an international team around him. The editing happened in America then there was the music which I think happened in France. I knew the producers involved in the film ... were experienced producers and they know how to arrange a team. Q: At Cannes was Indian cinema being taken more seriously? A: We still need to come up with strong films to really make our mark. Although people know about India, we still need to make films one after the other to be talked about as a filmmaking country. We make films for our audience, we are not making films for international audience. Q: India is celebrating 100 years of cinema this year. How do you see things changing in the next 100? A: I can't see 100 years ahead but I can definitely tell you that in five years the industry is going to change. You will have great cinema coming up. The pattern of cinema is such that every 10-15 years it changes because of the generation of filmmakers, the generation of the audience. I believe cinema will evolve very drastically and very quickly.
ESS than two weeks after Angelina Jolie revealed she'd had a double mastectomy to avoid breast cancer, her aunt died from the disease Sunday. Debbie Martin died at age 61 at a hospital in Escondido, Calif., near San Diego, her husband, Ron Martin, told The Associated Press. Debbie Martin was the younger sister of Jolie's mother, Marcheline Bertrand, whose own death from ovarian cancer in 2007 inspired the surgery that Jolie described in a May 14 oped in the New York Times. According to her husband, Debbie Martin had the same defective BRCA1 gene that Jolie does, but didn't know it until after her 2004 cancer diagnosis. "Had we known, we certainly would have done exactly what Angelina did," Ron Martin said in a phone interview. Debbie Martin's death was first reported by E! News. Ron Martin said after getting breast cancer, Debbie Martin had her ovaries removed preventively because she was also at very high genetic risk for ovarian cancer, which has killed several women in her family. The 37-year-old Jolie said in her op-ed that her doctors estimated that she had a 50 percent risk of getting ovarian cancer but an 87 percent risk of breast cancer. She had her breasts removed first, reducing her likelihood to a mere 5 percent. She described the threestep surgical process in detail in the op-ed "because I hope that other women can benefit from my experience." The story, a surprise to most save those closest to Jolie, spurred a broad discussion of genetic testing and preemptive surgery. A message left with representatives seeking comment from Jolie was not immediately returned. NewS DeSK
House buIlt on a roCk A house built on a rock on the river Drina is seen near the western Serbian town of Bajina Basta, about 160km (99 miles) from the capital Belgrade May 22, 2013. The house was built in 1968 by a group of young men who decided that the rock on the river was an ideal place for a tiny shelter, according to the house's co-owner, who was among those involved in its construction.
'FAST & FURIOUS' LEADS 'HANGOVER' IN BIG-BUDGET MOVIE BATTLE NEWS DESK The speed demons of “Fast & Furious 6” raced ahead of the hard-partying “Hangover” gang in a battle between two maleoriented movie franchises, setting up the car chase sequel for a big holiday weekend win at US and Canadian box offices. “Fast & Furious 6” rang up an estimated $98.5 million in domestic ticket sales from Friday through Sunday and was speeding toward $122.5 million by the end of Monday. Comedy sequel “The Hangover Part III” brought in $42.4 million from Friday through Sunday, according to studio estimates, and was likely to finish with $64 million through Monday, after a Thursday opening. Last weekend's box office leader, scifi sequel “Star Trek Into Darkness,” fell to third place with $38 million through Sunday and was headed toward $48 million through Monday. The movies charged up the North American box office, putting ticket sales on pace for a Memorial Day weekend record. Receipts for all films could reach $323 million through Monday, according to Hollywood.com, shattering the 2011 record of $276.3 million. “A perfect storm of hits led to this incredible weekend with going out to the movies proving itself to be the first choice for outside-of-the-home entertainment,” said Paul Dergarabedian, president of Hollywood.com's box office division. The sixth installment of “Fast & Furious” blew past pre-weekend forecasts for $80 million in domestic sales over four days by nearly 50 per cent. The five previous films grossed $1.6 billion combined. Set in London, the new film stars Vin Diesel as Dominic Toretto, a nowretired professional criminal who reunites his crew with US Diplomatic Security Service agent Luke Hobbs, played by Dwayne Johnson. The group works to take down a criminal outfit of mercenary drivers scattered across 12 countries. The new movie built a massive online fan base with more than 34 million “likes” on Facebook. It cost
$160 million to produce. “To do this again, and have critics rave which is so unusual for this type of film ... that's unbelievable,” said Nikki Rocco, president for domestic distribution at Universal Studios, a unit of Comcast Corp. “And it's really extraordinary that 49 per cent of the audience is female. Older females really love the film,” she noted, adding that its appeal is “very broad and very diverse.” “Fast & Furious 6” added $177 million in international markets, bringing global sales through Sunday to $275.5 million, Universal said. With the franchise showing no signs of slowing, Universal has already announced the “Fast & Furious 7” release for July 2014. exTended hanGover? “The Hangover Part III,” meanwhile, brings the hard-partying saga to a close. The third movie takes friends played by Bradley Cooper, Ed Helms and Zach Galifianakis back to Las Vegas for a new round of escapades as they hunt for the elusive and eccentric Mr. Chow, played by Ken Jeong. The third installment looked likely to miss forecasts for sales of at least $70 million including Thursday sales of $11.8 million. Time Warner Inc's Warner Bros. and Legendary Entertainment produced “Hangover Part III” for $103 million, according to the Box Office Mojo website. Dan Fellman, president of theatrical
distribution for Warner Bros, said that while the film “underperformed just a little bit,” the big weekend numbers all around were a good sign, and “Hangover III” was the second-largest opening ever for an R-rated film with $64 million projected through Monday. The weekend's other new nationwide release, animated family film “Epic,” landed in fourth place with $34.2 million through Sunday and an estimated $44 million through Monday. “Epic,” released by News Corp's 20th Century Fox studio, tells the story of a teenage girl who discovers a battle between good and evil taking place deep in the forest. Colin Farrell, Josh Hutcherson and Beyonce provide voices for the characters. The 3D movie, which cost $93 million to produce, is the first new family film to reach theaters since “The Croods” debuted on March 22. Third-place film “Star Trek Into Darkness” dropped 46 percent from its debut a week earlier. Global sales through Sunday neared $260 million, according to distributor Paramount Pictures, a unit of Viacom Inc. In fifth place, blockbuster superhero movie “Iron Man 3” from Walt Disney Co's Marvel Studios earned $19.4 million through Sunday. Its cumulative global sales topped $1.1 billion, Disney said, the fifth-highest total of all time.
bollywood's 100-year kIss sparks debate on Gay fIlms
New Bollywood film “Bombay Talkies” is billed as a milestone not only for marking 100 years of Indian cinema it is also one of the country's few mainstream movies ever to have shown a gay kiss. The centenary film, which had a special screening at Cannes, comprises four self-contained short stories by leading directors looking at the impact of Indian cinema on people's lives. The short film from director Karan Johar features a kiss between a young man and his best friend's husband as part of an exploration of sexual identity and marital discord. While such scenes in the past may have elicited catcalls in India's populist single-screen theatres, this time the kiss has been winning applause from audiences, according to gay rights advocate Nitin Karani. “That's a positive reaction, which may indicate that society is more ready than film producers when it comes to gay stories,” he said. And with one of the characters in the kiss played by 'sex symbol' actor Randeep Hooda, the film “shatters stereotypes faster”, Karani believes. In another of the short stories, director Zoya Akhtar shows a young boy exploring his feminine side by emulating and dressing up as Katrina Kaif, his Bollywood heroine. NewS DeSK
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People just assume that if you're famous, you're in Hollywood. –Megan Fox
arTS Tuesday, 28 May, 2013
the ‘fundamentals’ of the american dream
M 'Blue is the Warmest Color' wins top prize at Cannes NEWS DESK Tunisian director Abdellatif Kechiche's lesbian love story "Blue is the Warmest Color" has won the Palme d'Or at France's Cannes Film Festival. Fraternal filmmakers Ethan and Joel Coen won the festival's Grand Prix runner-up prize for their folk music-themed drama "Inside Llewyn Davis." French film star Berenice Bejo was named Best Actress for her role in "The Past" and Hollywood veteran Bruce Dern scored the Best Actor honor for his work in "Nebraska."
IRA Nair’s film adaptation of Mohsin Hamid's book, The Reluctant Fundamentalist was always going to be a daunting task – ultimately the end result was somewhat of a mixed bag. Changez Khan, played brilliantly and earnestly by Riz Ahmed, is a college professor in Lahore, suspected by the CIA of having ties to a local terrorist organisation and its involvement in the kidnapping of an American professor. We find a defiant Changez sitting in a tea house across from Bobby Lincoln, a sweaty and red-faced American journalist played by Liev Schreiber, questioning him about his possible involvement in the kidnapping Driving into flashback, we learn that Changez was not always the fiery college professor teaching revolution in Pakistan. He was raised in a family headed by his father, an Urdu poet with dwindling fortunes, and thus had to work hard to eventually find his way to Princeton. The film unfurls in a non-linear manner and a narrative that is interlaced with a series of incidents that are at times stale and predictable and at times quite real and intimate. The script does not delve as deeply into his psyche as might be hoped, but operates superficially on the situational complexities of the plot. Changez emerges as a straight-talking Ivy League go-getter who loves the
aManDa BYnES aCCUSES nYPD oFFICEr oF SEXUal haraSSMEnT NEWS DESK Following Thursday's drugrelated arrest, Amanda Bynes took to Twitter to not only defend herself, but to denigrate New York's finest. First, Bynes attempted to deny reports that she was arrested for smoking weed and dropping a bong out of her 36-story window by tweeting, "I only smoke tobacco I don't drink or do drugs. I've never had a bong in my life!" But on Saturday morning, Bynes turned the blame on the NYPD. Things started benignly enough, as Bynes begged fans, "Don't believe the reports about me being arrested. It's all lies." But
she didn't stop there. "I was sexually harassed by one of the cops two nights ago which is who then arrested me," Bynes tweeted. "He slapped my vagina." Bold words. We're wont to give those who profess to be victims of sexual assault the benefit of the doubt, but these are serious accusations Bynes is making against the NYPD. If she was indeed harassed by her arresting officer, she should certainly press charges. But we can't help but wonder, why were the police in her apartment in the first place? Here is Bynes's tweet in full: Don't believe the reports about me being arrested. It's all lies. I
was sexually harassed by one of the cops two nights ago which is who then arrested me. He lied and said I threw a bong out the window when I opened the window for fresh air. Hilarious. He slapped my vagina. Sexual harassment. Big deal. I then called the cops on him. He handcuffed me, which I resisted, quite unlike any of the reports stated. Then I was sent to a mental hospital. Offensive. I kept asking for my lawyer but they wouldn't let me. The cops were creepy. The cop sexually harassed me, they found no pot on me or bong outside my window. That's why the judge let me go. Don't believe any reports.
US, and its "level playing fields,” and impresses his way into a job at a Wall Street valuation firm run by Jim Cross, a smooth corporate tough guy played with a sly urbanity by Kiefer Sutherland, who appears as less of a character and more of a symbol of American capitalism. At the firm, Changez’s stock rises as a brilliant analyst, with a keen eye for ruthlessly cutting the fat in businesses and increasing their profitability. And with it come the luxuries of a life in New York and a six-figure income. He meets and falls in love with Erica, a bohemian photographer mourning a dead lover. Their courtship is one of the highlights of both the novel and the movie, and Kate Hudson brings believability to her character, despite her significantly diminished role. Nair's Changez though, becomes both a replacement and an exotic accessory in Erica’s life, “the ultimate downtown status symbol,” he later realises, which is a tragic departure from Hamid's novel, where she plays as much of a defining role as the events of 9/11 in changing his life's trajectory. It isn't an accident that Erica is “America” missing one syllable. In a startling scene, Changez allows a smile to cross his face as the 9/11 attacks unfold before him on television. “David had struck Goliath,” he says. Changez finds himself as an outsider despite his Wall Street cred. He is predictably searched at an airport in silent humiliation and the post 9/11 xenophobia starts to seep in to his life. He starts to grow a beard in apparent rebellion. And
while the scenes are filmed well, they feel a touch tired clichéd after 11 years since the event. And thus begins Changez’s battle for identify. After 9/11 people around the world had to choose sides, rekindling George W. Bush’s appalling, “Either you are with us or you are with the terrorists,” but as Changez says, "I didn't pick a side — it was picked for me." With his sense of belonging shaken, Changez’s life begins to spiral out of control as the work that he does coupled with the political climate of the time starts to smack of American hubris. He finds himself caught in the limbo between the attraction of what he thought was a free society and his loyalties to his roots, all laced with the pain of a romance gone afoul. Finding nothing left for him in New York, he returns to Lahore, where he becomes a professor, instantly popular amongst his students, and eventually finds himself the object of suspicion by the CIA — an unenviable position to be in even in the best of times. It’s plain to see that Nair went to great lengths to ensure the authenticity of the settings. The smooth flow of the visuals, though often broken with the unsteady hand-held camera work, is still appealing. Her use of music to drive the emotion has always been one of her strengths and it’s true in this case as well. But the changes between the novel and the screenplay are unsubtle and contrived, and the unseemly attempt to make it more suspenseful robbed it of its depth and its intimacy, and many fans of the book are surely destined to be disappointed.
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InFotaInMent Tuesday, 28 May, 2013
soldIers CHarGe tHeIr eleCtrIC veHICles
The Department of Defence plans to spend $20 million to increase the number of electric cars in use at six armed forces installations by up to a total 500 vehicles. That electric investment may end up saving taxpayers’ money in the long run. When the DOD’s fleet of electric vehicles are off duty, they will continue to serve America by feeding energy into the electric grid. By pumping electricity into the grid during peak hours, the electric cars will help offset their cost. “It’s about being able to deliver electricity on demand. It will be a sizable amount of power when all of the vehicles are aggregated together,” said Camron Gorguinpour, special assistant to the assistant secretary of the Air Force for installations, environment and logistics, in a press release. “What we have identified is a path forward that will allow us to bring electric vehicles into our fleet that are less costly than conventional vehicles,” Gorguinpour said. NewS DeSK
tHIs GIrl, 9, sColded mCdonald's Ceo
Nine-year-old Hannah Robertson knows it's important to eat her fruits and veggies (more so than most; this is her mom), but she thought Don Thompson ought to know, too. Thompson just so happens to be the CEO of McDonald's, and Robertson addressed him at the fast-food giant's annual shareholders' meeting this week. USA Today and NPR provide choice quotes: • "There are things in life that aren't fair—like when your pet dies. I don't think it's fair when big companies try to trick kids into eating food." • "It would be nice if you stopped trying to trick kids into wanting to eat your food all the time." • "Mr. Thompson, don't you want kids to be healthy so they can live a long and healthy life?" His response? "We don't sell junk food." McDonald's menu items, like salads and the yogurt parfait, include fruits and veggies, Thompson said, and he noted that "my kids also eat McDonald's." He finished by telling Hannah, "I think it's great that you want to eat more fruits and veggies." NewS DeSK
The eye sees only what the mind is prepared to comprehend. –Henri Bergson
wireless bio-absorbable circuits could kill bacteria
HE spread of bacteria resistant to antibiotics – popularly called superbugs – is threatening to put the clock back 100 years to the time when routine, minor surgery was life-threatening. Some medical experts are warning that otherwise straightforward operations could soon become deadly unless new ways to fend off these infections are found. Bacteria often evolve clever ways of evading chemical assaults, but they will always struggle to resist the old-fashioned way of killing them: heating them up. It takes only a relatively mild warming to kill bugs without discomfort or harm to tissues. So imagine if little electric heaters could be implanted into wounds and powered wirelessly to fry bacteria during healing before dissolving harmlessly into body fluids once their job is done. This is just one potential application of the bio-absorbable electronic circuits made by John Rogers of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and his co-workers. The idea itself is not new: Rogers and others have previously reported biodegradable flexible circuits
and electronic devices that can be safely laid directly onto skin. But their success in making their circuits wireless could prove crucial to many potential applications, especially in medicine. The hope is that radio waves can be used both for remote control of the circuits – to turn them on and off, say, and to provide the power to run them, so that there’s no need for implanted batteries. This kind of radio-frequency (RF) wireless technology is becoming ever more widespread, in food packaging, livestock labelling, tag-
ging of goods in shops for security and in dustbins to monitor recycling, for example. To make RF circuits, you need semiconductors and metals. Those don’t sound like the kinds of materials our bodies will dissolve, but Rogers and colleagues used layers of non-toxic substances so thin that they disintegrate in water or body fluids. For the metal parts, they used films of magnesium at least half as thin as the average human hair. Magnesium is not only harmless but in fact an essential nutrient: our bodies typically contain about 25g
Can science hatch a better egg substitute? NEWS DESK Fake eggs made from plant materials could one day replace chicken eggs, one researcher says. Though egg substitutes of various types have been around for decades, more scientific methods could finally produce new products that actually taste good, said Josh Tetrick here on Sunday (May 19) at this year's Maker Faire Bay Area, a two-day celebration of DIY science, technology and engineering. Admittedly, he has a dog in the fight: Tetrick is the CEO of Hampton Creek Foods, a company based in San Francisco, Calif., that is developing plant-based egg substitutes. Every year, hens lay 1.8 trillion eggs around the world, and 99 percent of these hens live in cramped cages where they never see sunlight, stew in their own waste, and are fed massive amounts of food and antibiotics to boost their production and keep them from becoming ill, Tetrick said. "This system is crying out for just a little bit of in-
novation," he said. The production of eggs and other livestock is also environmentally taxing, he said. For instance, livestock consume more food than it would take to feed the 1.3 billion people who go to bed hungry every night, and are responsible for 51 percent of greenhouse gas emissions due to flatulence and land needed to produce their food, he said. For centuries, people have come up with egg and meat alternatives, with decidedly mixed results. But only 8 percent of plant species have been explored for food alternatives, so there could be many others that would work to replace eggs. Venture capitalists are optimistic as well: Many are betting on healthy food startups, including companies searching for meat and egg replacements, according to Tetrick. Fake eGGs? To get better results, Tetrick's company is deconstructing the egg systematically.
For instance, eggs have some amazing properties, such as the ability to enable oil and water-based foods to mix permanently. (This emulsifying property is what makes mayonnaise stay creamy.) So the company is analyzing hundreds of different plant-based compounds to determine how well they emulsify. To replace eggs in baked goods, the scientists are making hundreds of "microcakes" with candidate replacements in test tubes; they are also analyzing the protein content and molecular weight of many different compounds to make sure they can replace the nutritional benefits of eggs. So far, the company has created a powdered egg product for baked goods. It was convincing enough that billionaire Bill Gates tried a muffin (not at Maker Faire) and couldn't tell the difference. Their next step may be more challenging: making a satisfying scrambled egg. On that front, they've found a plant from Asia that coagulates, or turns solid, with heat, the process that scrambles the eggs.
(0.9oz) of it already. For semiconductors, they used silicon membranes 300 nanometres (millionths of a millimetre) thick, which also dissolve in water. They used magnesium oxide as an insulating material when required. One of the first full circuits that they have made is an RF “power scavenger”, which can convert up to 15% of the radio waves it absorbs at a particular frequency into electrical power. Their prototype, measuring about 10cm (4in) by 4cm (1.6 in), can pick up enough power to run a small commercial light-emitting diode. The team can control the rate at which these devices dissolve by fine-tuning the molecular structure of the silk sheets on which they are laid down or between which they are sandwiched. This way, they can make devices that last for a week or two – about the length of time needed to ward off bacteria from a healing wound. As well as deterring bacteria, Rogers says that implantable, bio-absorbable RF electronics could be used to stimulate nerves for pain relief, and to stimulate bone re-growth, a process long proven to work when electrodes are placed on the skin or directly on the bone. Conceivably they could also be used to precisely control drug release from implanted reservoirs.
alIen debrIs found In lunar Craters Strange minerals detected at the centres of impact craters on the moon may be the shattered remains of the space rocks that made the craters and not exhumed bits of the moon's interior, as had been previously thought. The foreign matter in the craters is probably asteroid debris and some could even be from Earth, which has thrown off its share of material as it's been battered by asteroids and comets over the eons. The discovery comes not from finding anything new in the craters themselves, but by planetary scientists who were looking at models of how meteorite impacts affect the moon. Specifically, the researchers simulated some high-angle, exceptionally slow impacts -- at least slow compared to possible impact speeds -and they were surprised at what they found. "Nobody has done it at such high resolution," said planetary scientist Jay Melosh of Purdue University. Melosh and his colleagues published a paper on the discovery in the May 26 online issue of the journal Nature Geoscience. They found that when a slow enough impact happened, at speeds of less than 27,000 miles per hour (43,000 kph), the rock that struck doesn't necessarily vaporize. Instead, it gets shattered into a rain of debris that is then swept back down the crater sides and piles up in the crater's central peak. In the case of craters like Copernicus (pictured top), the foreign material stands out because it contains minerals called spinels. These only form under great pressure -- in the Earth's mantle, for instance, and perhaps in the mantle of the moon. But spinels are also common in some asteroids, said Melosh, which are fragments of broken or failed planets from earlier days in the formation of our solar system. The team has concluded, therefore, that the unusual minerals observed in the central peaks of many lunar impact craters are not lunar natives, but imports. That conclusion could also explain why the same minerals, if they were instead from the interior of the moon, are not found in the largest impact basins -- as would be expected if the impact event was larger and penetrated deeper into the moon. "An origin from within the Moon does not readily explain why the observed spinel deposits are associated with craters like Tycho and Copernicus instead of the largest impact basins," writes Arizona State University researcher Erik Asphaug in a commentary on the paper. "Excavation of deep-seated materials should favour the largest cratering events." The new impact modelling also implies that pockets of early Earth material might be in cold storage on the moon, says Asphaug. The young Earth was bombarded with asteroids that sent terrestrial debris into space at speeds that were pretty slow and within the range of this model. NewS DeSK
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SPorTS Tuesday, 28 May, 2013
The comment that was made wasn’t silly. It was wrong, hurtful and clearly inappropriate. –Tiger Woods
launch external investigation into all Ipl 2013 games: manohar
DeLhI poLICe arrest sUper BooKIe tInKU ManDI Meiyappan’s phone from his yatch. Police say Meiyappan used this phone to be in touch with bookies. They are looking for three more phones of Meiyappan. Read live updates of the IPL spot-fixing probe According to latest reports, Delhi Police sources say bookies have spoken about fixing three other players. AG e N C I e S
Khan rElIShES UaE’S ToP CrICKET awarD DUBAI: Sharjeel Khan, who won a brand new KIA Picanto Car by emerging as the man of the series in the Superstars Twenty20 tournament organised by Dubai Cricket Council, wants to race towards more glory. Hailing from Pakistan’s city of Hyderabad, 23-yearold Khan who is yet have an UAE driving licence has been playing for Phoenix Medicines since 2009. “I have an employment visa from Phoenix but as I keep shuttling between Pakistan and UAE playing in Pakistan’s domestic cricket during their season and in UAE during off season, I did not try for a license. Now with this car, the biggest individual award in UAE cricket history, I will enroll for license. I am proud of having won such a prestigious award.” Khan was only 19 years old when Adil Mirza, the owner and captain of Phoenix Medicines spotted him and invited him to play in UAE. “I have been playing in UAE for the last four years and enjoyed every season here. More than winning this huge award is the enjoyment I have derived out of playing in this tournament. Though we lost in the final the pleasure that each match gave me was really great,” added Khan who scored 283 runs from six matches and bagged four wickets in the tournament. Khan has been knocking on the doors of Pakistan national team with consistent performance in Pakistan’s domestic cricket. “I have already represented Pakistan A team and played under the captaincy of Shahid Afridi, Abdul Razzaq and Sohail Tanvir. I am also part of the Pakistan team that won the Hong Kong Sixes tournament last year,” said Khan who plays for Zarai Taraqiati Bank Limited (ZTBL) in Pakistan and even hit a double century for them in the Quad-e-Azam Trophy first division tournament in 2011. AGeNCIeS
HASHANK Manohar, the former BCCI president, has called for an investigation by an external investigation agency of all the IPL 2013 matches. Manohar said the BCCI should not solely depend on the board’s and the ICC’s Anit-Corruption and Security Units (ACSU) to keep cricket clean as they do not have the authority to track illegal activities - tracking phone conversations, for example. “The BCCI should immediately file a criminal complaint with the investigating agencies, urging them to probe all 75 games  in the current IPL edition,” Manohar told the Times of India. “The board should provide them [the investigating agency] with a raw feed of the games as well as CCTV footage recorded at every venue. “It has to deal with this menace with an iron fist. The board or ACSU do not have any machinery or legal authority to track the illegal activities, so it should not depend on these agencies alone.” His comments come in wake of the alleged spot-fixing in IPL 2013, in relation to which three Rajasthan Royals cricketers were arrested on May 16. The controversy has since grown, with top Chennai Super Kings official Gurunath Meiyappan being arrested for allegedly betting on IPL
games, and his father-in-law - who is also the BCCI president and managing director Super Kings’ owner, India Cements - N Srinivasan refusing to resign from his post with the Indian board despite mounting pressure to do so. Manohar said in an earlier interview with the Telegraph that he had spoken to some of the BCCI officials before their emergent working committee meeting on May 19, and told them if they wanted “to clean things up, then do it thoroughly. If, at the end of it all, 13 and not three players are involved in fixing, so be it”. Apart from making sure the IPL is clean, now Manohar said it’s important to have stringent processes in place for international cricket played in India too. “The board should approach the central home minister, requesting governmental support in investigating the criminal actions in any event run by the BCCI, which would also include international fixtures. It should request [the minister] to send an advisory to all states one month before the start of an event, so that the investigating machinery can swing in action well in advance to prevent any match-fixing , betting or spot-fixing.” The BCCI, he said, should ask players to register their mobile-phone numbers with the board, so that the investigating agencies could monitor things with more efficiency.
ex-UMpIre hoLDer says he was oFFereD Money at sharJah London: Former international umpire John Holder has said he was offered 10,000 pounds to change the course of a One-day International between Sri Lanka and Pakistan in Sharjah in 1993. Holder, who officiated in 11 Tests, made the revelation to BBC Sunday. “They said if I can somehow lull the Sri Lanka batsmen into putting on a partnership of 85, they would give me 10,000 in cash. I said, `You`ve got the wrong person`,” the 68year-old Holder said. Besides umpiring in Tests, the Barbadosborn Holder stood in 19 ODIs from 1988 to 2001. He played as a fast bowler for English county side Hampshire. Holder said: “I was in Sharjah in 1993 for a one-day international series between Sri Lanka, West Indies and Pakistan. I was intro-
( ICC ChaMpIons trophy 2013
DELHI: According to latest report Delhi Police have arrested super bookie Tinku Mandi. However, Mumbai Police have sought the custody of Tinku claiming to have enough evidence against the bookie. Police say Tinku was the faciliator of calls between bookies of India, Pakistan and Dubai. Meanwhile, Mumbai Police say they have recovered Gurunath
proteas Have a sHot: abraHams CAPE TOWN AGeNCIeS
Former off-spinner Shafiek Abrahams believes there are enough experienced heads in the Proteas setup for them to have a chance of winning the upcoming ICC Champions Trophy in England and Wales. Coach Gary Kirsten has played down the team’s chances, especially with Graeme Smith and Jacques Kallis absent. However, Abrahams - a national selector who played one ODI for South Africa in 2000 believes the time is right for the team to spring a surprise or two. “We’ll miss Jacques Kallis’ and Graeme Smith’s experience but we also haven’t won anything with them, trophy wise,” Abrahams told the City Press website. “Maybe the young guys who are coming into the team seeking to establish themselves are going to play with a bit more freedom, and with cool and calm heads. “There’s still some experience with the likes of AB de Villiers, Alviro Petersen and Hashim Amla. They will bring that and calmness
to the top order.” Abrahams said the Proteas will always be in
with a shot in any competition, regardless of their past exploits.
“South Africa has never gone into a tournament without being one of the favourites and one of our strengths has always been our ability to compete in any competition. We have a chance of winning this year. “To win, we’ll need to find two or three batsmen who must be in good form. We’ve got all these good players, but how they deal with pressure will be up to the individuals. The batsmen will need to realise they have more time in the 50 overs and, as the bowler, you have to stay patient.
aUssIes FoCUseD on ChaMps trophy SYDNEY: The Ashes will be playing at the back of every Australian cricketer’s mind but captain Michael Clarke wants them to focus on the immediate job in hand – the Champions Trophy. Clarke and his men left for the United Kingdom on Sunday, embarking on a long tour starting with next month’s Champions Trophy to be followed by five tests against Ashes rivals England from July 10. “We know already that if you are not 100 percent focused, you’ve got no chance,” Clarke told reporters at Sydney airport, dwelling on Australia’s chances of a Champions Trophy hat-
trick. “I think you’ll see a really focused one-day outfit in this Champions Trophy tournament. “Obviously the build-up and the talk is going to be about the Ashes, but for us as a team we’re very focused on the Champions Trophy,” added Clarke, whose team begin their campaign against hosts England on June 8. England hold the Ashes after a convincing 3-1 away series win in 2010-11 and Australia’s chances of wresting it back do not look especially bright following their recent 4-0 drubbing in India. AGeNCIeS
duced to a man and offered 10,000 to make sure Sri Lanka batsmen put on a partnership of 85. “He told me his syndicate was involved in making money as the game fluctuates. Players and umpires who get involved in match-fixing have got to realise there`s no such thing as easy money. “Once you get into that, your career is ruined. You`d lose your self-respect the players and commentators would know. “I couldn`t live my life looking over my shoulder, and I`d always be remembered as a cheat, so I had to say `no`, and reported it.” His comments come amid the raging controversy in Indian cricket with three players - S. Sreesanth, Ajit Chandila and Ankeet Chavan - in police custody for alleged spot fixing in the Indian Premier League.
england to host 2019 world Cup LONDON SPORTS DeSK
England has been confirmed as the host country for the 2019 Cricket World Cup, the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) and International Cricket Council (ICC) said on Monday. The tournament, scheduled to involve 10 teams, will be held in June at 10 different venues which will be announced later. “The ECB is honoured to have been selected to stage one of the largest and most important global sports events which will be a wonderful boost to sport and cricket in particular throughout England and Wales,” ECB chief executive David Collier said in a statement. ICC chief executive David Richardson said the World Cup attracted a broadcast audience in excess of 1.5 billion people. “England and Wales boasts a number of high quality cricket venues providing players, officials and spectators with excellent facilities,” Richardson said. “We look forward to working with the ECB to deliver an outstanding tournament.” England hosted the first World Cup in 1975 and also staged the tournament in 1979, 1983 and 1999.
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I am lucky to have good options and Manchester City is an option. –Manuel Pellegrini
SPorTS Tuesday, 28 May, 2013
CaptaIn mIsbaH baCks Ireland for test CrICket DUBLIN
RELAND fell agonisingly short against Pakistan but the series was a good indication of the progress made. Ireland’s longterm ambition to become a Test-playing nation was handed further weight after they narrowly fell short of an RSA Insurance one-day international series wins in Dublin. After the opening match ended in a dramatic tie Ireland looked set to claim a first series win over a full member when Pakistan crashed to 17 for four chasing 230 yesterday. It took a stunning counter attack from eighth-wicket pair Kamran Akmal and Wahab Riaz, who crashed 93 from 62 balls, to deny them a famous triumph by just two wickets. It left Ireland to wonder what might have been for a second time in four days and skipper William Porterfield to admit they had been left heartbroken. But after the dust had settled on the matches, in which Paul Stirling and Ed Joyce both scored centuries, Ireland had
amazInG to wIn wItH my town team: roHIt
again vindicated claims they are a full member in waiting. After the match Pakistan skipper Misbah-ul-Haq admitted the International Cricket Council needed to consider Ireland
for top-flight status, saying: “That’s purely on the ICC but they are a better team now so the ICC should think about that. “If you look at their batting line-up that is good enough to do well anywhere.
KOLKATA: Mumbai Indians captain Rohit Sharma has admitted leading his team was “tough” after Ricky Ponting stepped aside from captaincy in the initial stages of the tournament. Rohit was quick to add that he “really enjoyed” the role as well and knew he was next-in-line being the vice-captain for the past two years. “It was tough when we changed our captain,” Rohit told the IPL website. “It was not easy to come in suddenly to do the job. But I have really enjoyed this role since the moment Ricky stepped down and I was handed the captaincy. I knew the responsibility would fall on my shoulders since I was vice-captain for two years. “It is simply amazing to win the IPL title with Mumbai, my hometown. The way we performed shows the character of the team. It was not an easy victory and I am really happy. I have no words to describe this feeling.” Rohit was handed the captaincy once Ponting dropped himself after the game against Delhi Daredevils on April 21, which they lost by nine wickets. Of the six matches Mumbai played under Ponting, Mumbai won three but Ponting made only 52 runs from five innings. According to Rohit, Ponting’s presence in the dugout and the dressing room also made a big difference and other former international players from the support staff also chipped in with their contributions. AGeNCIeS
“They may struggle a little bit with their bowling line-up when they go out of Ireland but still they are a really mature side. “We were really struggling.” “If you look at their batting line-up that is good enough to do well anywhere,” - Misbah-ul-Haq Cricket Ireland’s ambitious chief Warren Deutrom has repeatedly stated his desire to do all that is possible to take the country to the top echelon. Deutrom has, however, previously sought to taper ambition by setting a target of 2020 to gain Test-playing status. “It is unrealistic in the short term but it is a realistic ambition,” he told Press Association Sport. “It is something that we have aimed for by 2020. “We are trying to address all of the rationale to be a full-member country. We have a strategic plan about where we are trying to go.” Ireland have long been the stand-out country amongst the associate nations, pulling off famous 50-over wins against Pakistan and England at the past two World Cups.
pakistan stars to grace sharjah sixes event DUBAI
Administrator of the Emirates Cricket Board (ECB), said: “We are delighted at getting official approval from the ICC to become the first ever tournament to gain
its sanction. Following the sanctioning, top international players from all full member nations can now play in this tournament.”
PGF imposes 10-year ban on its treasurer LAHORE: The Pakistan Gymnastic Federation has imposed a 10- year ban on its treasurer, Ali Ahmad Rajput for his anti-gymnastic activities. This decision was taken at a general council meeting of PGF held here on Monday, said a spokesman of PGF. He said the house took serious view of Ali Ahmad Rajputs involvement in activities which caused a lot of damage to the game and the
ad-HoC on reGIonal bodIes unJust: Inzamam LAHORE: Former Pakistan cricket captain, Inzamamul Haq has termed imposing ad-hoc on regional cricket bodies as ‘unjust’ and an unwise step of the Pakistan Cricket Board to disrupt the development of cricket at the grass root level. ‘It is shocking that the PCB has put majority of the regional cricket bodies under ad-hoc set up and it is a wrong decision which will bring adverse results at club cricket,’ he said in a statement here on Monday. He said the present regime of PCB led by its Chairman Mohammad Zaka Ashraf is taking decisions in haste without knowing its consequences and the way regional bodies are being treated it shows PCB’s partisan role in favouring their own people in regional bodies. Inzamam said Lahore City Cricket Association was a role model body which introduced reforms for lifting the club cricket out of gloom after a long gap of 23 years. ‘I fail to understand why LCCA was put under ad-hoc despite doing so good for the cause of cricket at early level under the able guidance of its President, Khawaja Nadim Ahmad who proved his leadership qualities by taking drastic measures to stream line club cricket and to give LCCA a new identity,’ he asserted. The former Pakistan captain said instead of taking regional bodies on board, the PCB was treating them indifferently as the Chairman PCB was taking every measure to remain in power. ‘There is no representation of regional bodies in the governing board (GB) of the PCB and the recent election of Chairman PCB by a handful of his own favourites in the GB has made his election dubious’, he said. STAFF RePORT
spirited program awaits asian youth Games torch on 31st
The Grand Midwest Sharjah Sixes tournament has become the first domestic tournament in the UAE to gain international approval after the International Cricket Council (ICC) officially sanctioned the event, allowing top international stars to participate. Following the approval, the Pakistan Cricket Board cleared the likes of former Pakistan captain Shahid Afridi, renowned all-rounder Abdul Razzaq, opening batsman Imran Nazir, star middle order man Omar Akmal, Faisal Iqbal and all-rounder Rana Naveed to play for various teams in the later stages of the tournament. Announcing the landmark achievement, Mazhar Khan, secretary of organisers Sharjah Cricket Council and
national federation and thus decided to take a stern disciplinary action against him Rajput was also the secretary of Sindh Gymnastic Association. The meeting was attended by representatives of Pakistan Army, Wapda, Railways, Police, Punjab, Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Balochistan, Higher Education Commission and Gymnastic Judges Association, he added. He said the
house unanimously shifted all the powers to the newly-elected president, Mrs Rubina Farooq and the outgoing President Khawaja Farooq Saeed was elected as the new Chairman of the body in recognition of his services for the development of gymnastic in the country. Shah Hehan Anwar was appointed as the new secretary general in place of Prof Painda Malik. STAFF RePORT
LAHORE: The 2nd Asian youth Games 2013 will be held at Nanjing, China from August 16-24 and the Virtual Torch Relay allotted portion after passing through various countries of Asia will arrive at Karachi Airport on May 31 at 12:00 Noon. The Asian Youth Games represents the Olympic spirit and Olympic values, the hopes and dreams of peace through sports. The Pakistan Olympic Association has given the responsibility to the Sindh Olympic Association to hold this event in a befitting manner. The arrival of guests will start at 11:00 AM and the program of the Virtual Torch Relay will commence at KPT Gymnasium Hall at 11:00 AM. The legends of Sports and dignitaries from all over Pakistan will attend this program. Syed Faisal Ali Subzwari President, Sindh Olympic Association will be present at the venue. Lt. Gen (R) Syed Arif Hasan H.I (M), President Pakistan Olympic Association has formulated the Organizing Committee for the 2nd Asian Youth Games Virtual Torch Relay. The Organizing Committee members will receive participants of Virtual Torch Relay at Karachi Airport. STAFF RePORT
Porterfield shattered by defeat to Pakistan DUBLIN AGeNCIeS
Ireland captain William Porterfield admitted his side had been left heartbroken after narrowly missing out on an historic series success over Pakistan in the RSA Insurance one-day international series. Ireland looked almost certain to secure a first series win over a full-member nation when Pakistan crashed to 17 for four chasing 230 in the yesterday’s second and final match in Dublin. But Irish hopes were snatched away by a devastating eighth-wicket stand of 93, from 62 balls, between Kamran Akmal and Wahab Riaz to claim a two-wicket
win. It meant the Irish were been left thinking what might have been for the second time in four days following Thursday’s dramatic tie to open the series. “We’re obviously disappointed after Thursday’s result but we managed to pick ourselves up. This is really disappointing,” Porterfield said. “It is kind of heartbreaking in terms of being in the position we were in. “That’s the biggest thing that we’ll look back on. After those first 12 or 14 overs and having them four down and behind the rate. “Even coming into the last 12 to 14 overs if we had of picked up a wicket at that time we were right on top. “They were two pretty good efforts
that we’ll look back on and say we played pretty well. “It’s deflating at the minute but it shows where we are at.” Pakistan had needed 81 from the final nine overs when Kamran, who spent two seasons in Irish club cricket a decade ago, reached his half-century from 71 balls. But from there he and Wahab, who finished unbeaten on 47 from 35 balls, unleashed a blistering counter-attack. Wahab struck the killer blows in Tim Murtagh’s final over as the Middlesex man - who had been instrumental in the early collapse - saw the ropes cleared three times as 24 came from it. That left Pakistan needing only eight
from the final three overs and while Kamran fell for 81, from 84 balls, the damage had been done. “If we had of got Riaz earlier it would have been a different story but take nothing away from him with the way he struck the ball it’s as clean as I’ve seen anyone hit it,” Porterfield said. “For nine to come in an hit it like that - fair play to him. “Kamran found the gaps pretty well and showed that intent from early on. He took the momentum away from us.” Ed Joyce’s first Ireland century rescued his side from early trouble after they lost both openers inside the first four over.
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I can’t believe it right now. It feels amazing. This is the best day in my life. I’m so happy right now. Lee Il-hee
SPorTS Tuesday, 28 May, 2013
nadal pusHed Hard In roland Garros opener PARIS AGeNCIeS
Rafa Nadal was forced to dig deep into his near bottomless resolve to salvage a 4-6 7-6 6-4 6-3 first-round win over Germany’s Daniel Brands on Monday that had threatened to turn nasty for the seven-times French Open champion. The Spaniard who has lost only once in eight years at Roland Garros, was a set and 3-0 down in the second-set tiebreak before finally subduing the 59th-ranked Brands. Playing his first grand slam match since crashing out of last year’s Wimbledon to lowly-ranked Czech Lukas Rosol, history threatened to repeat itself as Brands, who had never won a match at Roland Garros in four attempts, dictated the early stages. Nadal, down to fourth in the rankings after seven months out injured, broke in the first game of both the third and fourth sets to wrestle back control of the match. “I know he was playing unbelievable tennis,” Nadal said in his courtside interview. “I tried to find my game and to resist his fantastic shots. I am very happy to be through in this fantastic game.” Nadal surged on to the court with his usual bouncing gait, but that was where all familiarity with the king of the Parisian clay ended. Since returning in February, Nadal has won six of his eight tournaments and is on a 15-match winning streak, but he looked heavy-footed as Brands’s steeplejack serve and pounding flat forehands blew holes in the Spaniard’s defences. Murmurs of disbelief echoed around a sun-bathed Philippe Chatrier court as Brands pulled off the unthinkable feat of breaking Nadal in the ninth game when the 11-times Grand Slam champion dumped a second serve into the net. The German wrapped up the set in 36 minutes with one of many huge forehand winners and had Nadal looking listlessly to the skies for inspiration when he failed to convert a breakpoint in the second game of the second set. The turning-point came in the tiebreak, when after conceding the first three points, Nadal won seven of the next eight to level the match. An immediate break at the start of the third brought back something resembling the natural order and with the German’s resolve weakened, Nadal strode clear with two further breaks in the fourth. Next up for Nadal is a second-round clash with Slovakia’s Martin Klizan or American Michael Russel. MeN’S ReSulTS: Martin Klizan (Slovakia) beat Michael russell (U.S.) 3-6 6-3 6-1 0-0 (russell retired) Lukas rosol (Czech republic) beat pere riba (Spain) 6-3 6-4 6-4 3-rafa nadal (Spain) beat daniel brands (Germany) 4-6 7-6(4) 6-4 6-3 11-nicolas Almagro (Spain) beat Andreas haiderMaurer (Austria) 4-6 6-4 6-3 6-3 30-Julien benneteau (France) beat ricardas berankis (Lithuania) 7-6(5) 6-3 5-7 7-6(5) 10-Marin Cilic (Croatia) beat philipp petzschner (Germany) 6-1 6-2 6-3 pablo Cuevas (Uruguay) beat Adrian Mannarino (France) 6-3 2-6 6-3 5-7 7-5 tobias Kamke (Germany) beat paolo Lorenzi (Italy) 6-3 6-3 3-6 0-6 6-3 Grega Zemlja (Slovenia) beat Santiago Giraldo (Colombia) 6-1 6-4 6-1 6-Jo-Wilfried tsonga (France) beat Aljaz bedene (Slovenia) 6-2 6-2 6-3 evgeny donskoy (russia) beat Jan-Lennard Struff (Germany) 7-6(7) 2-6 7-6(2) 6-2 nick Kyrgios (Australia) beat radek Stepanek (Czech republic) 7-6(4) 7-6(8) 7-6(11) Feliciano Lopez (Spain) beat 31-Marcel Granollers (Spain) 7-5 2-6 6-4 4-6 6-4 edouard roger-Vasselin (France) beat Martin Alund (Argentina) 6-2 4-6 6-1 6-0 32-tommy robredo (Spain) beat Juergen Zopp (estonia) 6-3 6-2 6-1 Igor Sijsling (netherlands) beat Jurgen Melzer (Austria) 6-4 6-3 6-2 13-Kei nishikori (Japan) beat Jesse Levine (Canada) 6-3 6-2 6-0.
lI fIGHts past GarrIGues to reaCH seCond round In parIs ARIS
HINESE sixth seed Li Na was kept on her toes as she reached the second round of the French Open with a 6-3 6-4 victory over Spain’s Anabel Medina Garrigues on Monday. Li, the 2011 Roland Garros champion who had never beaten Medina Garrigues in three previous claycourt meetings, was never allowed to let her guard down by the world number 68 on a sunsoaked Court Philippe Chatrier, but she prevailed on her first match point after one hour 44 minutes. Li opened a 4-0 lead in the first set before a resilient Medina Garrigues threatened a comeback by breaking back twice. The Spaniard opened a 2-0 lead in the second set but could not capitalise on her advantage as Li roared back to win four games in a row, relying on a series of booming forehand winners. Medina Garrigues levelled for 4-4 before dropping serve in the ninth game. Li sealed the win when Medina Garrigues fired a forehand long.. Li will next face American Bethanie Mattek-Sands. wOMeN’S ReSulTS: Zheng Jie (China) beat Vesna dolonc (Serbia) 6-4 6-1 8-Angelique Kerber (Germany) beat Mona barthel (Germany) 7-6(6) 6-2
Magdalena rybarikova (Slovakia) beat pauline parmentier (France) 6-0 6-1 Melanie oudin (U.S.) beat 28-tamira paszek (Austria) 6-4 6-3 10-Caroline Wozniacki (denmark) beat Laura robson (britain) 6-3 6-2 bojana Jovanovski (Serbia) beat barbora Zahlavova Strycova (Czech republic) 6-3 6-2 Mathilde Johansson (France) beat Chanelle Scheepers (South Africa) 7-5 6-1 elina Svitolina (Ukraine) beat romina oprandi (Switzerland) 6-3 4-6 6-1 Vania King (U.S.) beat Alexandra Cadantu (romania) 7-6(3) 6-1 29-Varvara Lepchenko (U.S.) beat Mirjana Lucicbaroni (Croatia) 6-1 6-2
Maria teresa torro (Spain) beat Julia Glushko (Israel) 6-2 7-5 20-Carla Suarez navarro (Spain) beat Simona halep (romania) 3-6 6-2 6-2 Zuzana Kucova (Slovakia) beat 24-Julia Goerges (Germany) 7-6(8) 6-0 6-Li na (China) beat Anabel Medina Garrigues (Spain) 6-3 6-4 bethanie Mattek-Sands (U.S.) beat Lourdes dominguez Lino (Spain) 6-4 6-1 Johanna Larsson (Sweden) beat Monica niculescu (romania) 6-2 6-3 4-Agnieszka radwanska (poland) beat Shahar peer (Israel) 6-1 6-1 15-roberta Vinci (Italy) beat Stephanie Foretz Gacon (France) 6-3 6-0.
CLInICaL erranI; IvanovIC MaDe to FIght Fifth seed and last year’s runners up Sara Errani was in clinical form as she beat Dutchwoman Arantxa Rus 6-1 62. Errani did not want to dwell on last year’s achievements, saying: “It’s a new tournament for me. Also, last year was an unbelievable tournament, the best tournament of my life. I don’t want to think about that.” Former champion Ana Ivanovic has been in decent form but had a few hairy moments in defeating Petra Martic 6-1 3-6 6-3. Ivanovic looked to have staved off a fightback by her Croatian opponent when she won the first five games of
the decider but Martic pulled back three and might have made it even closer. Ivanovic said: “I was really going for it at 5-0, 5-1, 5-2, and when it got back to 5-3, I really was a little nervous. “I lost it a little bit for a few points. But I really managed to keep composed at 0-30 on my service game. And it was really a big game.” Puerto Rican teenager Monica Puig caused the first upset of the tournament on her grand slam main draw debut, the 19-year-old defeating 11th seed Nadia Petrova 3-6 7-5 6-4. SPO RTS De SK
serena makes sHort work of frenCH opener PARIS AGeNCIeS
Serena Williams crushed one of her French Open ghosts with an unstoppable demolition of Anna Tatishvili in the first round in Paris. Roland Garros has been a troublesome venue for the world number one with several painful defeats, none more so than last year when she fell in the opening round of a grand slam for the first time in her career. Williams’ conqueror was Virginie Razzano, an unheralded Frenchwoman ranked outside the top 100, and it was all the more surprising given the American had been in superb form on the European clay. Williams took the defeat hard but regrouped, took on a new coach in Patrick Mouratoglou and has won 68 of her 71 matches since, bringing her 10 titles, including Wimbledon, the Olympics and the US Open. The 31-year-old is the hot favourite to win her second French Open title 11 years after her first, and today’s display will do nothing to change that. Back on Court Philippe Chatrier for the first time since losing to Razzano, Williams reeled off the first nine games against Georgia’s Tatishvili, allowing her opponent only seven points in the first set. Tatishvili finally got on the board in the 10th game and battled manfully to at least make a fight of the second set but Williams was not in a charitable mood and clinched a 6-0 6-1 victory in 51 minutes.
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I finally get my name on that wall with Ben Hogan and some of the greats that have played here. –Boo Weekley
SPorTS Tuesday, 28 May, 2013
robson dumped out by woznIaCkI In parIs
Everything has come together this week. I managed to play well and managed to stay in contention after a tough day on Friday and pulled it off with this playoff. “I am the happiest man in the world right now.” Manassero began the day two shots behind Canizares but carded four birdies and one bogey to be out in 32, rounding off the front nine in style by holing a bunker shot on the ninth. A bogey on the 11th was followed by a birdie on the 13th, but his best chance of victory seemed to have gone when he was unable to birdie either of the closing par fives to finish alongside Khan and playing partner Warren. “I was less tense in the play-off than walking the last few holes because you have done all you can in 72 holes and the
rest is about trying to hit good normal shots,” added Manassero, the first teenager to win three European Tour events when he claimed the Singapore Open in a play-off last year. Warren was left to rue another missed opportunity after a bogey on the 15th ultimately proved costly. The 32year-old bogeyed four of the last five holes in the recent Spanish Open to finish one shot outside the play-off and also squandered a three-shot lead with four to play in last year’s Scottish Open. “The other two occasions I felt as if I probably gave those away. This time, I didn’t do that,” said Warren, who holed out from 114 yards for a fourth birdie in succession on the 13th after his second shot had caught the lip of a fairway bunker.
Man United a team on the up: Neville
Tenth seed Caroline Wozniacki ended Laura Robson’s French Open challenge with a swift 6-3 6-2 victory in round one. Former world number one Wozniacki, who came into the tournament on the back of a poor run on clay this season, looked like a possible scalp for the improving 19year-old, but the Dane took full advantage of an error-strewn performance from the Brit. Wozniacki was the more consistent in the first set, and raced into an unassailable 4-1 lead in the second, allowing herself the luxury of giving away one of her breaks of serve before seeing out the match in just 71 minutes. World number 35 Robson made 39 unforced errors against a player who had lost her previous five matches, compounded by conceding two early breaks of serve with double faults. Meanwhile, Robson - who was playing her typically hard-hitting but risky game failed to take two of her own three break points, and she ultimately paid for her inconsistency against the less powerful but more solid Dane by losing the first set 6-3. The second set was a more straightforward affair, as Wozniacki played some fine tennis, breaking early on with a superb lob followed by a backhand volley. Robson was broken again after a poor backhand wide and, while she did break one game back, Wozniacki saw it out with a third break and a comfortable hold to send the Briton back to London.
Former Manchester United captain Gary Neville believes Sir Alex Ferguson has left David Moyes one of the four great teams of his 26-year tenure at Old Trafford. Neville claims the current crop have not yet reached their potential but should be ranked alongside squads from 1994, 1999 - the treble-winners - and 2008. “When you’re at Manchester United and you’ve had a manager who has built four great teams - ‘94, ‘99, 2008 and you can now argue this one that has won the league - people are always going to compare teams,” he told manutd.com. “The most important thing to say about this team is it’s on an
upward curve. “You’ve got players like (David) De Gea, Rafael, (Jonny) Evans, (Chris) Smalling, (Phil) Jones, (Tom) Cleverley, (Danny) Welbeck and (Javier) Hernandez, to name eight players, who are still young and haven’t reached anywhere near their peak. “You’ve also got a mix of players in the middle who are at their peak, then you’ve got the experienced lads at the other end. “This team has still not reached its potential. I’m sure there will be additions to the squad this summer so you’re talking about a team on the up.” Many have speculated Ferguson’s
retirement gives other clubs a chance to take advantage of the changes at Old Trafford and Neville admits it may be one of the most significant summers of recent years - and not just for United. But he still expects the defending champions to raise their game. “They should see it as a new challenge and an important challenge,” said the England coach. “Since Sir Alex announced his retirement other clubs have already been lifted by the fact he is no longer around. “The players should see that as a slight on them and say ‘Hang on, do you think we can’t go out on that pitch and perform without our manager?’ SPORTS DeSK
wAtCh It LIve STAR CRICKET 2nd Test, Day 5: England vs New Zealand
( LoCaL news
manassero wIns at wentwortH after play-off Italy’s Matteo Manassero became the youngest ever winner of the BMW PGA Championship at the age of 20 on the fourth hole of a sudden-death play-off. Manassero, Scotland’s Marc Warren and former champion Simon Khan went into extra holes after finishing tied on 10 under par at Wentworth, 2010 winner Khan setting the clubhouse target after a closing 66 that no one could overtake. Warren was eliminated on the first play-off hole after his drive finished in an unplayable lie in the trees and his fourth shot found the water guarding the green, with Manassero and Khan both making birdies on the par-five 18th. Two more visits to the 18th failed to identify a winner, but when Khan’s approach plunged into the water on the fourth extra hole, Manassero’s two-putt birdie was enough to claim the £666,000 first prize. Overnight leader Alejandro Canizares missed from 18ft on the last for an eagle to join the play-off, the Spaniard finishing nine under alongside compatriot Miguel Angel Jimenez, who did make three on the 18th on his 600th European Tour appearance in a closing 67. Lee Westwood held a two-shot lead after birdies on the second, third and fourth, but played the back nine in 40 to finish joint ninth. “I feel unbelievable, really emotional,” said Manassero, who at 20 years and 37 days beats the previous record of Bernard Gallacher, who was 20 years and 97 days when he won in 1969. “It’s been an amazing week. I have always felt something really special about this place and this tournament.
model town Club CrusH sHInInG Club LAHORE: Model Town Club has marched into the semifinal of 10th M Siddiq Memorial cricket event when they crushed Shining Club by 76 runs in the last quarterfinal played at Model Town ground on Monday. Scores: Model Town Club 180 in 19.5 overs. Zain Abbas 64, Shahid Iqbal 30, Itazaz Khoker 19, Zia ul Haq 28, KAshif Iqbal 17. Usman Malik 3/8, Sarmad Anwer 2/31, M Aftab 3/52, M Mubashar 1/24, Irfan Rasheed 1/21. Shining Club 104 all out in 16.2 overs. Muntazar Mehdi 23, Humayon Farhat 18, Irfan rasheed 20, Jamshed 13. Zain Abbas 4/21, KAshif Iqbal 2/15, Asif 1/26, Itazaz Khokar 1/26, Zia ul haq 1/13. MUGHALPURA WHITES QUALIFY FOR FINAL: Mughalpura Whites has qualified for the final of 2nd MAlik Iqbal Yousuf Memorial Cricket Tournament when they beat Apallo Sports by 66 runs in the 1st semifinal played at Allama Iqbal institute ground. SCORES: Mughalpura Whites 262/9 in 35 overs. Zain ul Husnain 97, HAssan Nasir 71, Fahim Askari 22, M Ishtiaq 16. Muneeb Butt 5/36, Arif 2/50, Awais 1/45, Irfan 1/39. Apallo Sports 196 all out in 32 overs. Awais Tariq 71, Irfan Butt 33, Raza Khan 48, Naveed 12, Salman 10. Hassan NAsir 2/36, M Ishtiaq 2/58, Imran Ali 2/7, Riaz ud din 1/35, Fahim Askari 1/21. ALIGARH CLUB QUALIFY FOR LEAGUE STAGE: Aligarh club has entered into the league stage of 16th Tauseef Trophy cricket championship when they beat Ghari Shaho Gym by 6 wickets played at Model Town Aligarh ground on the other day. SCORES: Ghari Shaho Club 139/9 in 20 overs. Ameer Hamza 15, Zafar Gohar 41, Salman Ali 14, M Kamran 34, Raja Farzan 20. M Bilawal 2/28, M Shakil 1/21m M Mateen 2/22, 4 batsmen run out. Aligarh Club 143/4 in 18.3 overs. Sami Aslam 47, Imran Nazir Jr 31, Bilawal 33(no). Raja Farzan 2/33, Asif 1/28, Kamran Khalil 1/23. STAFF RePORT
bayern ClosInG In on lewandowskI, says aGent The agent of Borussia Dortmund striker Robert Lewandowski expects his client to move to Bayern Munich within a fortnight. The coveted Poland international is high up on Bayern’s wishlist and, after signing Mario Gotze from their Bundesliga rivals for 37 million euros, they appear ready to raid Dortmund once again. According to Lewandowski’s agent Cezary Kucharski, the deal will go through once the two clubs can agree on a fee for the 24-year-old, and he believes that is imminent. “As far as we are concerned, the issue is resolved, although we have not signed anything yet,” he said. “It is up to the clubs to reach an agreement. The transfer could take just one or two weeks to go through.” Kucharski confirmed to Poland’s TVN 24 television that Bayern are the club he is negotiating a move with, adding that he hopes Dortmund do not stand in Lewandowski’s way. “I hope that they keep the word they gave to Robert,” he said. “He is very happy at Dortmund and has an excellent coach and great fans, but if there is an opportunity for him to play in another club, he nevertheless wants to take it. “He is curious about playing for a new club.” Lewandowski scored in 12 consecutive matches for Dortmund this season, setting a new club record on his way to a total of 24 goals in 31 Bundesliga appearances. SPORTS DeSK
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Tuesday, 28 May, 2013
series of car bomb explosions leave at least 66 dead BAGHDAD AGeNCIeS
series of car bomb explosions in Baghdad on Monday left at least 66 people dead. Many others were wounded in the attacks that targeted mainly the Shia district of the Iraqi capital. The attacks come amid the growing political and sectarian tension in Iraq, raising fears of the return of the sectarian violence of 2006 and 2007 in which thousands were killed. Iraq has been hit by a wave of bloodshed that has killed more than 350 people in the past two weeks alone. There was no immediate claim of re-
sponsibility for Monday’s bloodshed, but the attacks bore the hallmarks of alQaida’s Iraqi arm. The group, known as the Islamic State of Iraq, frequently uses car bombs and coordinated blasts in an effort to undermine Iraqis’ confidence in the Shiite-led government. The day’s deadliest attack happened when two bombs exploded in the eastern Habibiya neighborhood, which is near the sprawling Shiite district of Sadr City. That attack killed 12 killed and wounded 35, according to police. Twin blasts also struck an open-air market in the predominantly Shiite alMaalif area, killing six and wounding 12 others, two police officers said.
Another car bomb exploded in the busy commercial Sadoun Street in central Baghdad. It killed five civilians and wounded 14 others, two other police officers said. Among the wounded were four policemen who were in a nearby checkpoint. The street is one of the major hubs in the capital for clinics, pharmacies and shops. Firefighters were seen struggling to extinguish the flames from the debris of the car bomb as police sealed off the area. Several shops were partially damaged or burned. Elsewhere, police said a car bomb went off in the capital’s eastern New Baghdad area as they were waiting for explosives experts to dismantle it, killing a
civilian and wounding nine others. In the northern Sabi al-Boor neighborhood, police said eight civilians were killed and 26 wounded when another car bomb exploded in a market. Meanwhile in the southwestern neighborhood of Bayaa, another car bomb explosion in a market killed six civilians and wounded 16. In northern Baghdad’s Kazimiyah district, a car bomb blew up near a bus and taxi stop, killing four and wounding 11 others. And in Baghdad’s central Sadria area, a car bomb went off in a market and killed three civilians and wounded 11. In the eastern Jisr Diyala area, a car bomb killed 5 and wounded 12. And in the
northern Shaab area, a car bomb killed four and wounded nine. Car bombs also struck the eastern Baladiyat neighborhood, killing four and wounding 11, and the northern neighborhood of Hurriyah, leaving five dead and 14 wounded. In Madain, about 20 kilometers (12 miles) south of central Baghdad, a car bomb killed three and wounded nine. Medical officials confirmed the causality figures. All officials spoke on condition of anonymity as they were not authorized to release information. Although violence has decreased sharply in Iraq since the height of insurgency, militants are still capable to carry out lethal attacks nationwide.
pakistani prisoners in India denied consular services KOLKATA ONlINe
CHAMAN: A health worker administers polio drops to a child during a vaccination campaign on Monday. INP
15 pakistani ambassadors receive ‘pack-up’ instructions ISLAMABAD INP
Pakistan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs has directed 15 ambassadors and high commissioners posted in various countries to prepare themselves for return to Pakistan, a Britain-based website quoted its sources as saying on Monday. The decision has come forward after the briefing by Foreign Affairs Secretary Jalil Abbas Jilani to Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) leaders regarding the country’s foreign policies and Pakistani ambassadors around world. According to reports, Jilani had provided initial briefing to the top leadership of PML-N, the party with the biggest mandate post May 11 elections. During the briefing, the Foreign Ministry official told the PML-N leadership that some ambassadors were selected for the post on basis of political influence and personal recommendation, while retired military officers had been posted in six countries. The reports disclosed some names who were likely to return to Pakistan include Wajid Shamsul Hasan (UK), Salman Bashir (India), Masood Khan (Pakistan’s delegate to United Nations), Jamil Ahmed Khan (UAE) and Nawabzada Aminullah Khan Raisani (Oman).
pakistani women who married each other seek UK asylum
singh’s special envoy calls on nawaz MONITORING DESK
MONITORING DESK Two Pakistani girls who married each other under new British laws have applied for political asylum in the UK, claiming their lives would be in danger if they returned to Pakistan after their civil marriage in Leeds earlier this month. Rehana Kausar and Sobia Kamar tied the knot at a registration office in Leeds, looked on by a handful of friends and the couple’s solicitor. The couple had told the Registrar that they had known each other for around three years after moving to Britain from Pakistan on student visas. According to a local Birmingham newspaper, the relatives of the couple have said that the girls received threats from their relatives in Pakistan as well as the UK. Kausar is a master’s degree holder in economics from Punjab University. Both Kausar and Komal are students of business and healthcare management. They met for the first time in Manchester and have been inseparable ever since. “It’s no one’s business as to what we do with our personal lives. The problem with Pakistan is that everyone believes he is in charge of other people lives and can best decide about the morals of others but that’s not the right approach and we are in this state because of our clergy who have hijacked our society which was once a tolerant so
ciety and respected individuals freedoms,” Kausar said. British human rights campaigner Peter Tatchell said, “I am delighted for these two women. They are obviously deeply in love and that’s a wonderful thing. How can anyone object to love? It is sad that Komal and Kausar can only have a civil partnership in Britain and not in their homeland of Pakistan. Gay couples in Pakistan should be able to marry just like their heterosexual friends and family. Even if some Pakistani people don’t agree with lesbian relationships I hope they will accept that two women should have the right to love and marry each other. The right to marry is a human right. It applies to everyone, gay and heterosexual. No government should deny anyone the right to marry the person they love.”
Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s special envoy Satinder Lambah on Monday called on Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) President Nawaz Sharif, who is set to become the prime minister, and discussed ways to take forward the dialogue process to address all the issues of concern between the two countries. Lambah travelled to Lahore as a follow up of Singh’s conversation with Nawaz on May 12 to greet him on his party’s victory in the general elections there. The Indian Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) said that during the meeting, “They took the opportunity to discuss ways to take the dialogue process forward to address all issues of concern to the two countries and to advance peace, friendship and cooperation between the two South Asian neighbours.” Lambah also conveyed Prime Minister Singh’s “greetings and good wishes for his tenure as Prime Minister of Pakistan. Mian Nawaz Sharif conveyed his deep appreciation for Prime Minister Singh’s message.”
Published by Arif Nizami at Plot # 7, Al-Baber Centre, F/8 Markaz, Islamabad.
Two Pakistani prisoners being held in Alipore central jail and implicated by the CID in the Khadim abduction case on Monday alleged that they had been denied consular access for over a decade. The state government has already written to the Ministry of External Affairs seeking details as it appeared improbable that there was any truth to their claim. Indian IGP Prisons Ranveer Kumar said, “The MHA has informed us about a May 28-June 2 window to allow all Pakistani prisoners lodged in Bengal prisons to be send to Tihar for the consular access. The claims made by the two prisoners were brought to our notice. But we find it intriguing that since the two had spent a prolonged period in Tihar and were convicted, they never got consular access. We’ve written to the MHA for further information on these two prisoners. Hinging on it will depend whether we allow them to go there. Consular access is mandatory for all Pakistani prisoners lodged in Indian jails.” The two prisoners Tariq Mahmood, 45, and Isaq Ahmed, 52, are facing trial in the Khadim abduction case. This case has already led to a life term for Aftab Ansari and four others and acquittal of 17 people by a special court in May 2009 - nearly eight years after footwear baron
Partha Pratim Roy Burman’s abduction in July 23, 2001. Tariq and Isaq were in Tihar Jail facing trial in another case then. It was only in 2012, the duo were brought to Kolkata to face the Khadim abduction trial. Of the 107 witnesses, only 21 have testified so far in this case. Bikash Chandra Guchait, the state defence lawyer, representing the duo, said, “Tariq and Isaq has already moved court seeking permission for their Tihar visit. The court has allowed that. They will face trial on June 4.” Furthermore, Guchait said, “They are Pakistani fishermen who were arrested by Mumbai police and then charged with several cases, including the Khadim abduction.” There is a Supreme Court mandate to expedite the ongoing Khadim trial. Tariq and Isaq have spent 11 years in Indian custody already. Guchait also pointed out that another Pakistani undertrial Arshad Khan was allowed to go to Tihar Jail for the consular access. “From what I understand, the Pakistani consular officials try to ascertain from them on the charges for which they’ve been implicated and their Pakistani nationality claims,” he added. The IGP, however, said, “This is done regularly. We have allowed all Pakistani prisoners consular access before and will do so. Only in these two specific claims, we need to verify facts for understandable reasons. That is what we are trying to do.”
plane suspects remanded in custody after UK court appearance LONDON AGeNCIeS
Two men who allegedly threatened to blow up an aeroplane travelling with 308 passengers from Lahore to Manchester, were remanded in custody on Sunday. On Friday, RAF Typhoon fighters were scrambled to meet the Pakistan International Airlines flight mid-air as it was diverted towards Stansted after the pilot called for assistance. Taxi driver and supermarket employee Tayyab Subhani, 30, and restaurant worker Mohammed Safdar, 41, appeared at Chelmsford magistrates court charged with endangering an aircraft The pair were arrested after armed police boarded the flight at
Stansted. Both were travelling home after attending Safdar’s mother’s funeral, the court heard. The defendants have been charged with making threats that the “crew and passengers would be killed and the aircraft blown up before landing, which was false, misleading or deceptive”. During the hearing, the defendants, who were both born in Burnley, Lancashire, spoke only to confirm their names and addresses but their lawyers said they would deny the charge. Endangering an aircraft carries a maximum sentence of life imprisonment. The magistrate, Sarah-Jane Davies, refused bail. Safdar – a married father of three – and Subhani, both from Nelson, Lancashire, will next appear at Chelmsford crown court on 5 August.