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Rs 17.00 Vol III No 233 19 Pages Karachi Edition

Tuesday, 19 February, 2013 Rabi us Sani 8, 1434

Shia doctor, son gunned down in apparent sectarian hit Unidentified armed motorcyclists gunned down a prominent Shia doctor and his 13-year-old son here early on Monday, two days after 85 members of the minority Hazara Shias were killed in a bombing in Quetta. According to details, Syed Ali Haider, a well-known eye specialist of the provincial capital, was driving his son Murtaza to school (Aitchison College) when his car was intercepted by two gunmen on a motorcycle on Zahoor Elahi Road. PAGE 02

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CHINA TAKES CONTROL OF STRATEGIC GWADAR PORT STORY ON PAGE 02

STORY ON PAGE 02 STORY ON PAGE 04

STORY ON PAGE 07

Six dead, 13 wounded in suicide attack on tribal jirga Five security personnel were killed and 13 others injured on Monday when Taliban suicide bombers attacked the Khyber Agency political agent’s office during a gathering of tribal elders. PAGE 19


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Pakistan, Iran to sign security pact to check illegal movements on border. — Interior Minister Rehman Malik

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Imran seconds Hazaras’ demand of army InterventIon ISLAMABAD: Pakistan Tehreek-eInsaf (PTI) Chairman Imran Khan on Monday supported the call by Hazara shias for handing over Quetta to the army, saying the military could be called in to control the law and order in accordance with the constitution. Addressing a press conference on Monday, Khan strongly condemned Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ) for the Quetta bombing that left over 84 members of the Hazara community dead. He said Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ), seen as the most ruthless sectarian group, had claimed responsibility for the attack in Quetta. The PTI chief said grave injustice was being carried out against the residents of Quetta and the Hazara community, adding that his party would stage protests at all district headquarters to show solidarity with the Hazara community. Drone attacks: Earlier, addressing a sit-in staged by Mehsud tribesmen in Islamabad, Khan said drone attacks were being carried out with the consent of the government and were a by-product of the National Reconciliation Ordinance (NRO). The PTI chairman said tribesmen should be part of the decision-making process to establish peace in Waziristan, as peace could not be maintained in the area without them. He said both former president General Pervez Musharraf and the present government were responsible for the current condition of the Mehsud tribesmen. AGENCIES

DEATH TOLL OF KIRANI BLAST RISES TO 85 AS MOURNING SHIAS TAKE TO STREETS ACROSS THE COUNTRY QUETTA/ISLAMABAD

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S the death toll of the deadly bombing in Quetta reached 85 on Monday amid countrywide sit-in demonstrations by the Shia community in protest against the continued violence against the persecuted Hazaras, the federal government and the superior judiciary finally sprung into action, with the Supreme Court chief justice taking suo motu notice of the incident and the president and prime minister ordering a crackdown on religious extremists bent upon mocking the writ of the state with impunity. The toll of the bombing at Kirani Road in Quetta was raised to 85 as another injured child succumbed to his injuries at Combined Military Hospital on Monday. The identity of the deceased could not be ascertained. He,

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Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) chief Altaf Hussain on Monday lashed out at the ignorance of the rulers on the brutal massacre at Quetta which claimed the lives of 84 Shiite Hazara from the Kirani town area of Quetta. The MQM chief said that

however, belonged to the Hazara community. Continuing with their protests against the government’s oblivion to the ethnic cleansing of peaceful Hazara minority community, Shias across the country staged sitin demonstrations in all major towns and cities, including Quetta, where the mourners refused to bury the victims’ bodies until the government deployed army personnel in the city to flush out the banned outfits. PROTESTS BY SHIAS: Shops and markets were reported shut in parts of Karachi and traffic remained scarce. Furthermore, a number of government and private educational institutions were closed and the sit-ins were also reportedly affecting the schedule of the flights and trains to and fro the city. Women and children were also taking part in the sit-ins being held at the city’s MA Jinnah Road’s Numaish Chowrangi, Aisha Manzil, Ancholi, Shahrah-e-Pakistan and Shahrah-eFaisal. The Karachi Bar Council also boy-

cotted court proceedings in protest against the Quetta blast. The Karachi Transport Ittehad also announced its support. Largely-attended protests were also held in several other cities, including Lahore, Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Peshawar, Gujranwala, Sialkot and Sahiwal. The protesters were unanimous in their demand of army deployment in Quetta and extermination of jihadi and sectarian outfits. The governments of Punjab‚ Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan also announced one-day mourning against the Quetta tragedy on Monday. A Punjab government spokesman said the national flag would be lowered at half mast in the province to mourn the deaths of innocent people. AJK Prime Minister Chaudhry Abdul Majeed has announced to observe three-day mourning in the state to express solidarity with the families of victims of Quetta blast. In Gilgit-Baltistan‚ Chief Minister Syed Mehdi Shah has also announced one-day mourning. PRESIDENT AND PM: Taking notice of the situation three days after the incident, President Asif Ali Zardari and Prime Minister Raja Pervaiz Ashraf ordered the Balochistan government led by Governor Zulfiqar Magsi to clamp down on extremist elements fomenting terrorism in the

Shia doctor, son gunned down in apparent sectarian hit DR ALI HAIDER WAS DRIVING HIS SON TO SCHOOL WHEN TWO GUNMEN WAYLAID THEM NEAR DEPUTY PM’S RESIDENCE LAHORE RANA HAIDER

Unidentified armed motorcyclists gunned down a prominent Shia doctor and his 13-year-old son here early on Monday, two days after 85 members of the minority Hazara Shias were killed in a bombing in Quetta. According to details, Syed Ali

Altaf lashes out at govt’s insensitivity over Shia genocide KARACHI

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CJP TAKES SUO MOTU NOTICE OF QUETTA BOMBING, HEARING TODAY

despite the massacre of dozens of innocent civilians, none of government officials had visited the city. He said that the lack of compassion for human lives pointed to the ignorance of the rulers. Moreover, he said that the entire nation felt the pain of the Shiite Hazara community. He further assured the community that him and his workers would stand by the deprived people of the country and would raise their concerns with the authorities of the country. Altaf Hussasin further condemned the militants’ attack on the political agent’s office in Peshawar and said that government should take strict action against the miscreants disrupting peace in the country.

Haider, a well-known eye specialist of the provincial capital, was driving his son Murtaza to school (Aitchison College) when his car was intercepted by two gunmen on a motorcycle on Zahoor Elahi Road. The gunmen fired indiscriminately at the vehicle and escaped. The father and son were taken to Services Hospital, where doctors declared Haider dead on arrival. Murtaza succumbed to his injuries a short while later. The shooting occurred near the residence of Deputy Prime Minister Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi. Several Shia professionals, including doctors and lawyers, have been gunned down in Lahore and Peshawar in recent weeks. On Saturday, 85 people were killed and nearly 200 injured in a bomb attack in a Shia-dominated area of Quetta. No one claimed responsibility for the killing of the doctor and his son. Haider’s brother, former judge Afzal

Haider, said the family had no enemies. “The possibility that the shooting was sectarian in nature could not be ruled out,” he said. “We are devastated at the killing of our loved ones. The family has no enmity with anyone. I don’t know where we are heading. God help this country,” he said. Model Town Superintendent of Police Malik Awais told Pakistan Today that they were investigating different aspects of the incident. “I cannot confirm whether there is a sectarian element at this moment,” he said. Meanwhile, the General Cadre Doctors Association, Young Doctors Association, Pakistan Medical Association and Medical Teachers Association have announced to observe one-day mourning for Dr Haider on Tuesday (today). The doctors will suspend routine services at all government teaching institutions and hospitals across Punjab.

China takes control of strategic Gwadar Port ISLAMABAD StAff REpoRt

Pakistan on Monday formally awarded the contract for the operations of Gwadar Port and the building of infrastructure around it to China. The signing ceremony, held at the Presidency, was witnessed by President Asif Ali Zardari, Chinese Ambassador to Pakistan Liu Jian, and Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar among others. Spokesman to the president Senator Farhatullah Babar said the ceremony actually marked the transfer of Concession Agreement from the Port of Singapore Authority to the China Overseas Port Holding Company and was hailed by the president as an “auspicious development” in Sino-Pak relations as well as for the people of Pakistan, particularly Balochistan, opening for them “new opportunities”. Gwadar would soon be a “hub of trade and commerce in the region”, the president remarked, adding that “it holds the key to bring together the countries of Central Asia” and lending “new impetus to Pakistan China relations.

The president highlighted the strategic significance of the port for China and central Asian republics and its potential of integrating the economies of the countries in the region. “The Chinese provinces of Xinjiang and Tibet are closer to Pakistani ports than to the ports in China. The development of a trade corridor linking Xinjiang to the Middle East via Gwadar Port held President promise’,” ‘huge Zardari added. Minister for Ports and Shipping Babar Khan Ghauri could not attend the ceremony as the MQM

has decided to quit the government and sit on the opposition benches. The president, however, praised Ghauri’s efforts in facilitating the transfer of port operations to China. About the project’s strategic importance to China, the president said nearly 60 percent of China’s crude oil was imported from Gulf countries and the volume would increase in the next decade. “Because of the proximity of the Gulf countries to Gwadar, the oil flow from the Gulf to China would be greatly facilitated by the operation of this port,” he said.

province. In a telephone call to Magsi, President Zardari asked him to launch a targeted operation against the banned outfits operating in the province. He also directed Magsi to summon army’s support for indiscriminate action against terrorists if he deemed necessary. On his part, Prime Minister Ashraf constituted a five member parliamentary delegation comprising Federal Minister for Information Qamar Zaman Kaira, Minister for Inter Provincial Coordination Mir Hazar Khan Bijrani, Maula Buksh Chandio, Nadeem Afzal Gondal and Senator Sughra Imam to visit Quetta today (Tuesday) to assess the situation. The delegation will meet the affected families as well as representatives of security and intelligence agencies, and submit a comprehensive report on the situation. Ashraf also called for a comprehensive report from the intelligence agencies regarding the breach of security by terrorists who managed to sneak into the city a water tanker laden with explosives weighing around 1,000 kilogrames. SUO MOTU NOTICE: The country’s chief justice has also taken, albeit much delayed, notice of the genocide of the Hazara Shias, and summoned the attorney general of Pakistan and the advocate general of Balochistan in court today (Tuesday).

na slams Hazara cleansing ISLAMABAD ANwER AbbAS

Members of the Lower House of parliament on Monday adopted an aggressive stance over Saturday’s bombing in Quetta that left at least 85 people dead and questioned the performance of the country’s security agencies. PPP MNA Syed Nasir Ali Shah and Muttahida Qaumi Movement parliamentarians staged a walkout from the session over the issue, as strong verbal clashes were witnessed between PML-N members and Federal Minister Sheikh Waqas Akram. The 49th session of the National Assembly was chaired by Deputy Speaker Faisal Karim Kundi, during which a debate on the recent Quetta bombing targeting Hazara Shias took place. On a point of order, PPP MNA Syed Nasir Ali Shah hit the government and the authorities concerned hard for the worsening law and order in Balochistan, saying “with every passing day, the government is getting weaker and the terrorists are getting stronger”. “Forty days have not passed since the deadly Alamdar Road blasts and another tragic incident has taken place. The government seems utterly helpless.” He said the people did not want shelter, clothing and food anymore but peace and protection of life, as no effective measures had been adopted against the targeted killings of Hazaras. He announced to start a hunger strike until death unless the Hazara genocide issue was redressed, staging a walkout from the National Assembly session. Pakistan Muslim League-Quaid’s Chief Whip Riaz Hussain Pirzada said human blood was being spilled in the country’s streets without remorse. The senior politician suggested handing over the charge of various agencies to Almas Bobi, the renowned leader of eunuchs, as it was no more in the hands of the government. Justice (r) Fakharunnisa Khokhar said she was continually being harassed and threatened over telephone. Rana Tanvir from the PMLN was of the view that the imposition of the governor’s rule in the province gave an impression of improvement in the overall security situation in Balochistan, however, nothing had improved. Aftab Ahmed Khan Sherpao seconded the statement, adding that it appeared that only Almighty Allah could protect the country now. Bushra Gohar said no action was taken against anyone despite imposition of Governor’s Rule in Balochistan and the governor should post his resignation rather than expressing his helplessness before the media. The ANP leader said the FC should have been removed right after the previous bombings on Alamdar Road and the resignations should be summoned from the heads of the security and intelligence agencies who failed to meet their duties.


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Transition of power to next elected government is people’s right. — Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf

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sc violating naB ordinance in some instances: prosecutor ISLAMABAD tAyyAb HuSSAIN

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ATIONAL Accountability Bureau (NAB) Prosecutor-General (PG) KK Agha on Monday adopted a defiant posture against the Supreme Court, as three benches of the court took up NAB-related cases for hearing. Agha told the Supreme Court bench that the court’s monitoring and supervision of certain cases being investigated by NAB were “in violation of NAB ordinance”. “The monitoring and supervision of NAB cases is absolutely contrary to the law and it can compromise rights of an individual under Article 10-A of the constitution,” Agha told a two-member bench of Justice Anwar Zaheer Jamali and Justice Ejaz Afzal Khan during the hearing of progress on NRO-related cases against the appointments of Adnan A Khawaja and Ahmed Riaz Sheikh. Agha said in both cases, NAB

was proceeding under the law and the whole evidences had been laid before the trial court. “Why has the apex court been pushing the NAB towards a certain direction?” argued the NAB PG. He said the findings of the trial court would ultimately come up before the Supreme Court and by supervising such cases, the court would take away right of appeal of an accused. Justice Ejaz Afzal Khan observed that NAB was sitting upon a verdict delivered by the court and announcing an opinion by the authorities would mean acquittal of the accused. He said they were constrained to ask such queries as discrimination and anomaly was discerned after a person was nabbed while the others were let off the hook. Agha said the NAB chairman had full authority to give a go ahead in a pending inquiry or otherwise by virtue of relevant provisions of National Accountability Ordinance (NAO). He said that the chairman was a nominee of parliament and a known man of

IRAN TO ESTABLISH NAVAL BASE NEAR GWADAR teHran: Fars News Agency on Monday reported that the Iranian navy is establishing a new naval base on its coast of the Gulf of Oman. Furthermore, the agency revealed that the location of the new naval base is Pasabandar, near Iran’s border with Pakistan. “The naval base which is under-construction is located in our country’s far east coasts along the borders with Pakistan,” Iranian Navy Commander Rear Admiral Habibollah Sayyari said. oNLINE

high stature as laid down in the NAO. “The NAB chairman has been given the discretion under Section 18 (g) of the NAO to proceed in alleged graft case or not and it could not be a subject of judicial review”. He maintained that the chairman could not even withdraw a case without seeking a legal opinion as envisaged under Section 9 (c). To the bench’s query, Agha said an aggrieved party could approach a high court which was a proper forum. He said there were differences among the functions of the executive and judiciary. Justice Jamali observed that they were passing through an extraordinary situation and could not ignore injustices. Justice Ejaz Afzal told the NAB PG that they were not sitting there with pre-conceived notions and wanted to thrash out certain aspects of the case. Accepting Agha’s request to address in detail the issues of court jurisdiction and NAB chairman’s powers, the bench adjourned further hearing until next week.

CHINA’S FLEET TO JOIN EXERCISE IN PAKISTAN BeIJInG: Military sources on Monday revealed that the 14th Chinese naval squad heading for Somali waters would take part in a multinational exercise in Pakistan in March. The Exercise Aman-13 is scheduled to start in the North Arabian Sea on March 4. Aman is an Urdu word meaning peace. The fleet, sent by the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Navy, departed on Saturday from a port in Qingdao of east China’s Shandong Province to the Gulf of Aden and Somali waters for escort missions. The 14th convoy fleet comprises three ships, the missile destroyer Harbin, the frigate Mianyang and the supply ship Weishanhu. They are carrying two helicopters and a 730-strong troop, all from the North China Sea Fleet under the PLA Navy. App

SC ASkS NAB CHIEf TO SUBMIT REPLY IN CONTEMPT CASE: Meanwhile, the Supreme Court directed NAB chairman Admiral (r) Fasih Bokhari to resubmit his reply to the SC Registrar Office after removal of objections. A three-member bench headed by Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry heard the contempt of court case registered against the NAB chief pertaining to the letter written to President Asif Ali Zardari. During the hearing, the bench asked NAB PG KK Agha to explain why the NAB chairman had not submitted his reply. Agha responded that Bokhari had submitted his reply but the SC Registrar Office had raised objections. TAUqEER SADIq: Also, the Supreme Court was informed that NAB had prepared the extradition documents for the arrest and deportation of Tauqeer Sadiq, the former chief of Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority (OGRA), and these documents would be handed over to the

UAE government. A two-judge bench headed by Justice Jawwad S Khwaja heard the OGRA implementation case and the arrest of its former chief who is involved in Rs 82 billion scam. Justice Khwaja inquired whether the arrest warrants of Tauqeer Sadiq were sent to the UAE officials or not? NAB PG Agha informed the court that he was not sure and had to check for it, however, NAB had already issued the warrants. He added that Sadiq would remain in detention in the UAE until February 27. Justice Khwaja asked why the UAE government was hesitating in deporting Sadiq. Khwaja Haris, amicus curiae of the case, informed the bench that the government should convey all the information regarding Sadiq to the UAE officials and should also take up this case at the official level. He added that the government should also hire services of some legal adviser in the UAE. Upon which, Agha said they were already considering hiring the services of a local legal adviser there in order to assist them.

Channel Urdu One’s licence fake: PEMRA DG licencing ISLAMABAD oNLINE

The Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA) director general licencing has revealed to the Senate Standing Committee on Information and Broadcasting that the licence issued to foreign TV channel Urdu One was fake. The Senate body’s meeting was held on Monday and was chaired by Senator Kamil Ali Agha. The statement of the DG shocked members of the committee and the PEMRA chairman could not satisfy them as he had no answer to their questions. The committee directed the information secretary to look into the matter and submit a report in the next session.

The committee criticised the progress of PEMRA and said news and entertainment channels violated the censor policy by airing “unethical advertisements”. A delegation of senior actors also attended the meeting headed by Qavi Khan and demanded foreign channels be stopped from being aired. The actors asked why had PEMRA not taken any action against Indian advertisements on local channels, saying India had not allowed Pakistani programmes to be aired in India after the incidents occurred on the Line of Control. Senator Pervaiz Rashid said why did PEMRA officials not cancel the licence of the channel? To which, the chairman said PEMRA regulations did not allow cancellation of

licences.Rashid said the minister of information did not have time to answer the questions of the committee adding that such attitude would not be tolerated anymore. Senator Farhatullah Babar suggested that the committee take the issue seriously and demanded that a special investigation be held. Briefing the committee, PFUJ President Pervez Shaukat said journalists were facing life threats, 90 had been murdered but none of the assailants had been captured. The committee directed the PUFJ and the information secretary to present a draft of the bill in the next session. On remarks of Rashid, the committee demanded a detailed record of the speeches of political leaders from the PTV chairman.

The Sindh card is ours now: Nawaz KOTRI oNLINE

Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) chief Nawaz Sharif on Monday said that Sindh card had slipped away from the hands of Pakistan People’s Party (PPP), adding that PPP should stop dreaming about returning to power. Speaking to the delegation of PML-N Hyderabad division, he said that the people of Sindh were fed up with the poor performance of PPP. He said that PPP was carrying out the politics of hypocrisy instead of politics of reconciliation. “Real politics should be of services to humanity instead of personal gains. The current government is a guest of just few days. The people will get rid of these corrupt rules after the elections,” he said. Nawaz Sharif said that the people would have to decide the fate of the country through the power of voting. He said that his party opposed the dual system in Sindh as PPP was only pandering to some its

allies while ignoring its constituency. He claimed that Sindh would soon become a stronghold of PML-N. Moreover, he said that the rulers were afraid of PML-N and its increasing popularity in Sindh and were victimising the workers of the party. Furthermore, the PML-N chief said that the incompetent rulers could not control the affairs in Karachi.


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Caretaker PM will be equally responsible for holding free and fair general election in the country. We have made mistakes in the past but now we are working 18 hours a day to accomplish this task – CEC Justice (r) Fakhruddin G Ebrahim

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kARACHI: At least five people were killed on Monday in incidents of violence at various areas in the city. According to details, two dead bodies were recovered from Surjani Town area of the city while another dead body was found in Machar Colony locality. In the incidents of firing, one man was killed in Baldia Town while another was shot dead in Surjani Town. StAff REpoRt

Fajr sunrise Zuhr asr Maghrib Isha 5:47 7:03 12:46 4:03 6:29 7:46 KARACHI

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ET another strike call given by Majlis Wahdat-eMuslimin (MWM), a conglomerate of different Shia organisations, against the killings of 85 people in Quetta blast paralysed the normal routine of life in Karachi and other parts of Sindh on Monday amid protest demonstrations and sits-in across the province. Around 70 per cent of the areas in the city remained closed as shopkeepers kept their shutters pulled down. Public transport too disappeared from the roads on Sunday evening following burning of various vehicles in different parts of the metropolis. Many parts of Karachi like Burns Road, MA Jinnah Road, Nazimabad, North Nazimabad, Landhi, Korangi, Orangi, Malir, Shah Faisal Colony, Tariq Road, Jodia Bazaar, Tower, Light House, Kharadar, Gru Mander and others remained closed. A majority of the citizens preferred to stay indoors. The self-exiled chief of MQM asked his supporters to show restraint against issuance of contempt of court notice to him, however “unknown” armed youths flouting his directives took to the streets in Karachi, Hyderabad, Sukkur, Mirpur Khas, and Nawabshah on Friday evening and Saturday soon after Hussein addressed the party workers at Nine-zero, the MQM’s headquarters. All Karachi Tajir Ittehad, a representative body of traders, had already announced to keep their shutters down on Monday. However, shops, medical stores, and other outlets remained open in Shireen Jinnah Colony, Banaras, Shershah, Baldia Town, Patel Para and some other parts of the city. A large number of petrol pumps remained closed in respective areas. Most of the offices and industrial

LAWYERS BOYCOTT COURT PROCEEDINGS karacHI: Pakistan Bar Council, Sindh High Court Bar Association, Karachi Bar Association and Malir Bar Association boycotted court proceedings to protest against the killings of innocent citizens in Quetta. The Sindh High Court chief justice discharged all the benches due to protest of lawyers. In other courts also no proceedings was carried out. The jail staff also did not bring the under-trial prisoners to the courts for hearing of their scheduled cases. Fateha was offered for the departed souls and the lawyers demanded early arrest of the killers through resolutions. Sindh High Court Bar Association president Mustafa Lakhani, vice chairman Muhammad Aqil Advocate, president Karachi Bar Association Naeem Qureshi and other lawyer leaders spoke and demanded of the government to give citizens protection of life and property. On the occasion, it was announced that the lawyers of Karachi would staged a ‘peace march’ on Feb 27 from the City Courts to Mazar-e-Quaid. PPI

units in the city also remained shut. Almost 80 per cent public transport remained off the roads as the Karachi Transport Ittehad (KTI) had already announced that transporters would not bring their vehicles on the roads. All the state-owned universities, colleges and the Karachi Intermediate Board also postponed the exams, which were scheduled for Friday. All the government and private schools and colleges also remained closed Buying

at the Fruit and Vegetable Market (New Sabzi Mandi) was also affected due to unavailability of transport. The MWM supporters held protest demonstrations and sit-ins in various parts of Karachi, Hyderabad, Khairpur, Shikarpur, Jaccobabad, Mirpurkhas, Sukkur, Larkana, Nawabshah, Ghotki and other districts against the Shia killings. Reports trickling from the interior parts of Sindh suggested that partial strike was observed in various

districts where protestors staged sits-in on the National Highway breaking the transport link between different districts. Addressing the demonstrations and sits-in, the MWM leaders said the Shia Muslims, especially Hazara community in Balochistan, were being subjected to genocide in different parts of the country, but the government and the law enforcing agencies were playing a silent role. They demanded stern actions against terrorists and their patrons who had let lose a reign of terror against the Shia Muslims. ROADS LEADINg TO BILAwAL HOUSE BLOCkED: All the roads leading to the Bilawal House have been blocked by containers. According to media reports, heavy contingents of police and Rangers have been deployed on all major roads leading to Bilawal House which is located in the Clifton area. There are also three private hospitals in the area and the blockage of roads is creating difficulties for the local residents. A protest against the killings of Hazara’s in Quetta was scheduled to take place outside the Bilawal House on Monday.

condemnations follows blast HYDERABAD: People belonging to different walks of life strongly condemned Sunday’s bomb blast in Hazara Town, Quetta and expressed their deep grief over the killing of innocent people in the unfortunate incident. In a statement issued here on Monday, Jamiat-e-Ulema-ePakistan (JUP) President and former Member National Assembly (MNA) Sahabzada Abul Khair Muhammad Zubair, Jaffaria Alliance Sindh President Rashid Ali Jaffery, Shia Ulema Council President Kazim Raza Naqvi, members of Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N), members of Pakistan Sunni Forum, Minorities Commission of Pakistan Chairman Advocate M Parkash, Reverend Dr Daniel Fiaz, PPP Hyderabad Vice-President Amanullah Siyal, Hyderabad Chamber of Commerce and Industry (HCCI) President Goharullah, Jamaat-e-Islami (JI) Sindh leaders Maulana Abdul Waheed Qureshi and Shaikh Shoukat Ali, JI Hyderabad General Secretary Dr Fawad Ahmed and others have strongly condemned the killing of innocent people in the Quetta blast that occurred at Karani Road. They said that shedding blood of innocent people was tantamount to playing with the stability of the country. They said that the enemies wanted to weaken the country to fulfill their nefarious designs by promoting hatred between various segments of people and some hidden hands were also active in the country to create misunderstanding between different communities. App


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KArACHi Tuesday, 19 February, 2013

Protesters start looting innocent people!

karacHI: a policeman stands alert on sohrab Goth Underpass on the mourning day announced by shia Ulema council against the Quetta incident. oNLINE

By-polls in two constituencies start with low turnout HYDERABAD: The by-polling process in constituencies PS-73 (Jamshoro-Dadu) and PS-84 (Thatta) of the Sindh Assembly started with a low turn-out on Monday. According to the regional Election Commissioner (EC) Attaur Rehman, 155,509 voters were registered in PS-73 and 151,542 in PS-84 respectively. In both the constituencies, the candidates of Pakistan People’s Party (PPP), including former provincial minister Murad Ali Shah and former Member Provincial Assembly (MPA) Sadiq Memon, were facing independent candidates as the other mainstream parties including Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N), Pakistan Muslim League-Quaid-e-Azam (PML-Q) and Pakistan Muslim League-Functional (PML-F) have opted out of the contest. In PS-73, where 162 polling stations and 416 booths had been set up, Murad Shah was competing against at least two potential candidates, including Sindh United Party’s Roshan Ali Buriro and an independent candidate Raees Habibullah Rind. A total of 21 nomination papers were filed from the constituency, the regional EC informed. App

minor blast on shara-e-faisal kARACHI: An explosion took place at Shara-e-Faisal near Gora Qabristan here on Monday. However, no loss of life and property was reported in the blast. The explosion was too huge that the windowpanes of nearby FTC and NIT buildings were broken. The noise of blast was heard miles away from spot. Talking to Pakistan Today, Saddar DSP Saddar Malik Ahsan said it was a remote control device blast. He said the bomb was placed beneath FTC flyover. He said the blast caused two wide and four feet deep wide hole in the soil. Two to three kilogram of explosive material was used in the blast, he added. StAff REpoRt

kWsB ‘mission recovery’ is a go!

from approved hydrants was still active and a computerised check and balance system had been established across all hydrants installed in the city. However, these hydrants were The KWSB had written letters to all such departments currently acquir- bound to supply water within the ing water through tanker service. given schedule only. The KWSB had also written let“However, dues are yet to be paid by some defaulting provincial and federal ters to different towns to pay their outinstitutions,” officials of the KWSB standing dues that were not cleared said. The unpaid dues, it said, were of since the city nazim had handed over the water tanker service to the town large sums of money and for this administration. “Administrareason special instructions tion of different towns were issued to KWSB ofLetters issued to were responsible for ficials to address this defaulting federal, collecting money problem. “Strict action provincial and city from tanker services against these defaultdepartments; revenue during this time, ers would be the last recovery policy however, years have resort,” said the formulated for all passed and the KWSB, while adding sectors; Warns of strict KWSB has yet to rethat last week, it had action against ceive the payments,” disconnected water defaulters as a last the KWSB officials supply to the City and resort lamented. Cantonment railway staThe KWSB had also intions after repeated reminders while a court order was also sent to the volved Sind PAC in the matter, after Pakistan Railways to pay the Rs 140 which the Board had sent copies of the letters written to government institumillion pending dues to the KWSB. The KWSB also claimed to have tions and town administrations to the discontinued the free tanker service quarters concerned so that the elected after it became a financial burden on body could play its role in this regard, the institution. The paid tanker service Board officials said.

DEFAULTING GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS UNDER FIRE AS KWSB EMBARKS ON RECOVERY CAMPAIGN KARACHI

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HE Karachi Water and Sewerage Board (KWSB) has devised a policy to increase revenue recovery from all sectors, said officials of the KWSB in a statement issued here on Monday. The collection from provincial and federal government institutions and towns had been given to the Public Accounts Committee (PAC), the statement added. On the directives of the KWSB managing director, a revenue recovery policy was formulated in this regard. The KWSB was also contacting all defaulters, whereas the KWSB managing director had written letters to all defaulting towns and institutions. He had directed the officers of the Revenue Department to contact defaulters and discontinue their water supply through tanker service unless the pending payments were cleared.

Cops, be alert ! KARACHI App

Sind Inspector General of Police (IGP) Fayyaz Ahmed Leghari has directed all officials concerned that to tighten security measures further in the wake of the recent act of terrorism in Quetta. A police statement released here on Monday said that the Sind IGP called for proactive policing while ordering the officials concerned to take strict action against criminals and absconders as well as the proclaimed offenders.

IGP Fayyaz directed all the police units to enhance coordination and exchange of information amongst themselves so as to effectively curb crimes. He also instructed the district and divisional Superintendents of Police (SPs) and Station House Officers (SHOs) concerned to ensure that their presence was felt in their respective jurisdictions and to make sure that police conducted timely search operations. The IGP directed additional deployment of police personnel at mosques, imambargahs, government and private buildings, important installations, public places, parking lots and other sensitive areas.

kARACHI: Some of those protesting in Karachi against the killings of Hazara community in Quetta have started looting the innocent masses on roads that too in the presence of law enforcement agencies, it has been learnt reliably. The incidents of looting were reported from Malir where some people tried to cross the sit-in at Shara-e-Faisal near Star Gate but they were beaten-up brutally and later deprived of their belongings. Interestingly, these incidents are taking place in the presence of police and Rangers but they play a role of silent spectators. The protesters blocked the city’s busiest artery Shara-e-Faisal at Star Gate for vehicular traffic. The road was blocked from point to point at Malir 15, Kalaboard and Star Gate. When some people using rout of the airport tried to reach other parts of the city, they were looted after being subjected to torture. I came Malir last night to attend wedding of my cousin but due to prevailing law and order situation, I could not went back to my house, said Asad, a resident of Gulshan-eIqbal. “Today afternoon, I tried to move my house by using the Airport Road but when I reached near the airport security force (ASF) residential point, some protesters stopped me and beat me up brutally, he said, adding they also looted my cell-phone and Rs 5,000 cash.” “When I went to Rangers who were standing few yards away to lodge my complaint, they advised me to leave the place instead of taking some action against the looters,” he added. Another motorcyclist narrated his story as under: “My name is Rajab Ali and I am resident of Pehlwan Goth. I came to Kalaboard to see my relatives but on the way back to my house I was looted by protesters. They also torched my motorcycle in front of Rangers but they did not stop enraged people from committing this offence. I requested the personnel of paramilitary force to save my vehicle but they turned a deaf ear to my request. Rangers further added that they were deployed here for protection of the protesting people”, Rajab added. StAff REpoRt

experts to discuss environmental degradation impacts kARACHI: The Aga Khan University (AKU) will organise a dissemination seminar on environmental degradation and its contribution to human health on Tuesday. Speakers would talk about environment related issues, including hospital waste management, lead poisoning in Pakistan, health burden of arsenic in underground water and its mitigation efforts along river Indus in Sind, environmental legislation and policies. The awareness event on environmental degradation and health impacts would also be addressed by University of Alabama at Birmingham (United Kingdom) professor Dr Nalini Sathiakumar. He would talk on the topic titled “Journey in South Asia-Lead Poisoning in Pakistan: The Silent Epidemic”. AKU ViceChairman and Professor Dr Muhammad Masood Kadir would talk on the issue of “Prenatal lead exposure in Pakistan: A prelude to intervention”. Meanwhile, AKU Associate Professor Dr Zafar Fatmi would talk on the issue of arsenic in underground water and its mitigation efforts along river Indus in Sind. Sind Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Director Waqar Hussain Phulpoto would talk on another important issue titled “Hospital Waste Management”. EPA’s Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Expert Imran Sabir would discuss the topic “Environmental Legislation and Policies - IEE and EIA”. App


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It’s disrespectful to tell the French in the morning that you’re going to reduce the debt, in the evening that you’re not going to make any savings, and the next morning, after thinking about it, that you’re going to spend more. — Nicolas Sarkozy

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chavez returns after treatment

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alePPo: Female members of the Sawt al-Haq (Voice of Rights) organisation undergo military training on Monday. agenCIes

Uk Pm urges India to ease business rules NEW DELHI AGENCIES

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HE UK prime minister has arrived in India with what he called Britain’s biggest ever overseas business delegation for a three-day visit. David Cameron arrived in Mumbai on Monday leading a team of more than 100 British CEOs and investors to press for deeper economic ties between the two countries which are united by their colonial history. “I’ve brought with me the biggest ever business delegation to leave Britain shores and I’m really proud to be bringing them here, to meet with Indian businesses and to link up our countries,” he said. Cameron has targeted a doubling of annual bilateral trade from 11.5bn pounds ($17.8bn) in 2010 to 23bn pounds by the time he faces re-election in 2015. “One of the cases we are going to make this week is that we hope the Indian government will continue with the brilliant work that it has begun to open up the In-

south african academic forms new party

dian economy, to take down the barriers and to make it easier to do business here,” he told Indian and British business leaders at a conference. Speaking at a factory of partly British consumer products group Hindustan Unilever, Cameron said that “India’s rise is going to be one of the great phenomena of this century” and that “Britain wants to be your partner of choice”. DELEgATION Of ExECUTIvES: Among his delegation are executives eyeing moves by the Indian government to open up the retail, airline, banking and insurance sectors to foreign investors. It also includes heads of six British universities aiming to attract students to Britain and seek partnerships in India’s vast higher education market. After business meetings in Mumbai on Monday, Cameron will fly to New Delhi for talks with Manmohan Singh, the Indian prime minister, and Pranab Mukherjee, India’s president, on Tuesday. His pitch to India echoes similar statements from fellow Western leaders seek-

Academic and Black Conscious Movement co-founder Mamphela Ramphele has announced the creation of a new political party and is urging citizens to turn their backs on the 101-year-old African National Congress of Nelson Mandela. The 65-year-old medical doctor, social anthropologist and former World Bank managing director accuses the governing party of undermining democracy, abusing power and corruption. Ramphele told a news conference on Monday that her party will serve millions of South Africans who want a new beginning. “Join me in building the South Africa of our dreams,” she said. Her party joins several in the opposition at a time South Africa is burdened by a growing chasm between rich and poor, massive unemployment, and increasingly violent protests against job losses, utility shortages and an education and health system in crisis.

dian government of the merits of the partBritish Eurofighter jet, which was competing for a $12bn contract until last year. India chose France’s Dassault Aviation for exclusive negotiations but the deal has still not been signed. Indian investigators will travel to Italy as early as this week as part of an inquiry into the alleged kickbacks, a spokesperson for the Delhi-based Central Bureau of Investigation said on Sunday. As well as trade, Cameron will use the trip to correct any misunderstandings about his government’s drive to cut immigration numbers amid concerns that young Indians could be deterred from applying to study in Britain. “There is no limit on the number of students who can come from India to study at British universities,” he told theHindustan Times in an interview.

Un: Both sides committing war crimes in Syria UNITED NATIONS

CAPE TOWN AGENCIES

ing to hitch their stagnant economies to one of the most dynamic regions in the world. India’s economy has slowed sharply, but is still growing at about six percent annually. Cameron’s trip comes amid a controversy over India’s 2010 procurement of 12 helicopters from AngloItalian firm AgustaWestland in a $748m (560m euros) deal. After an investigation in Italy suggested kickbacks were paid via middlemen to secure the deal, India has taken steps to cancel the contract and started its own police investigation. CORRUPTION SCANDAL: Cameron is likely to face further questions about the investigation - the helicopters, for use by VIPs, are being manufactured in southwest Britain - with the Indian government keen to be seen to be acting tough on its latest problems. The timing of the helicopter corruption scandal could therefore not have come at a worse time as Cameron seeks greater market access for British companies and more trade. He was also expected to remind the In-

Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez has returned home to Venezuela after more than two months of medical treatment in Cuba following cancer surgery. Chavez, 58, announced his return in a series of messages on Monday on his Twitter account, and aides confirmed the news. They were the first messages to appear on Chavez’s Twitter account since November 1. “We have arrived back in the Venezuelan fatherland. Thanks, my God! Thanks, my beloved people! Here we will continue the treatment,” Chavez said via Twitter. “I’m clinging to Christ and trusting in my doctors and nurses,” he said in another tweet. “Onward toward victory always!! We will live and we will triumph!!” There had been speculation Chavez was unwell enough to travel despite wanting to return to his homeland for continued treatment for the disease he was first diagnosed with in mid-2011. But Vice President Nicolas Maduro said Chavez flew in at about 2:30am local time from Havana and was in a military hospital in Caracas. “We’re so happy,” Maduro said. Chavez’s overnight return will thrill supporters in the South American nation of 29 million people, where his common touch and welfare policies have made him an idol to the poor. fIREwORkS gOINg Off: Fireworks could be heard going off in some neighbourhoods of Caracas, the capital, as the news spread and celebrations begun among Chavistas. Venezuelan ministers were jubilant, one singing “He’s back, he’s back!” live on state TV. Given that ministers said he wanted to return when he was well enough to travel, Chavez’s arrival implied some improvement in his condition, at least enough to handle a flight of several hours. But aides have emphasised in recent days his state remains “complex”. Chavez underwent a six-hour operation in Cuba on December 11 - his fourth for the cancer first detected in his pelvic area in June, 2011. He had not been seen or heard in public since then until photos were published of him on Friday, showing him lying in hospital. Officials said he was breathing through a tracheal tube and struggling to speak.

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YRIANS in “leadership positions” who may be responsible for war crimes have been identified, along with units accused of perpetrating them, UN investigators say. Both government forces and armed rebels are committing war crimes, including killings and torture, spreading terror among civilians in a nearly twoyear-old conflict, they said on Monday. The investigators’ latest report, covering the six months to mid-January, was based on 445 interviews conducted abroad with victims and witnesses, as they have not been allowed into Syria. The independent team, led by Brazilian Paulo Pinheiro, called on the UN Security Council to “act urgently to ensure accountability” for grave violations, possibly by referring the violators to the International Criminal Court (ICC) for

prosecution. “The international community, and the UN Security Council, must take the decision to refer this to justice,” Carla del Ponte, a former UN prosecutor and a member of the commission, said. “We suggest the International Criminal Court.” The list of suspects, building on lists drawn up in the past year, will remain a secret; it will be entrusted to Navi Pillay, the UN high commissioner for human rights. Pillay, a former judge at the ICC, said on Saturday that Syrian president Bashar al-Assad should be probed for war crimes and called for immediate action by the international community, including possible military intervention. “The evidence collected sits in the safe in the office of the high commissioner against the day it might be referred to a court and evidence would be examined by a prosecutor,” a European diplomat said. The death toll in Syria is by some estimates approaching 70,000 people, Pillay told the Security Council last week in a fresh appeal for it to refer Syria to the ICC.

Government forces have carried out shelling and aerial bombardment across Syria including Aleppo, Damascus, Deraa, Homs and Idlib, the independent UN investigators said, citing corroborating evidence gathered from satellite images. “In some incidents, such as in the assault on Harak, indiscriminate shelling was followed by ground operations during which government forces perpetrated mass killing,” it said, referring to a town in the southern province of Deraa where residents told them that 500 civilians were killed in August. “Government forces and affiliated militias have committed extra-judicial executions, breaching international human rights law. This conduct also constitutes the war crime of murder.” They have also targeted queues at bakeries and funeral processions, in violence aimed at “spreading terror among the civilian population”, and used cluster bombs, the commission said. Rebel forces fighting to topple Assad have committed their own war

crimes including murder, torture, hostagetaking and using children under age 15 in hostilities. “They continue to endanger the civilian population by positioning military objectives inside civilian areas,” the report said, adding that rebel snipers have caused “considerable civilian casualties”. “The violations and abuses committed by anti-government armed groups did not, however, reach the intensity and scale of those committed by government forces and affiliated militia,” the report noted. The UN team’s report was unveiled as Syrian rebels seized a key army checkpoint near Aleppo airport amid continued fighting for control of several airports in the country’s north, the UK-based watchdog Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) reported. “The rebels seized a checkpoint several hundred metres away from Nayrab military airport,” on the road leading to Aleppo international airport, Rami Abdel Rahman of the SOHR told AFP news agency.


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At this stage an electoral alliance with the Pakistan People’s Party looks unlikely. — MQM leader Haider Abbas Rizvi

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sc defers rPPs review cases ISLAMABAD

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HE Supreme Court (SC) on Monday deferred proceedings on a bunch of pleas moved by rental power plants (RPPs), seeking review of the court’s judgement of March 30, 2012. A three-member bench comprising Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, Justice Gulzar Ahmed and Justice Sheikh Azmat Saeed deferred the proceedings because the counsel for PEPCO, Khawaja Tariq Rahim, could not appear in court due to certain un-

avoidable circumstances. During the course of proceedings, Pervaiz Hassan, counsel for Piran Ghaib, a private power company, contended that they had never been paid with the advance amount and such a stance was vindicated by the bank’s statement. He complained that when they approached the NAB authorities over the issue, the inflexible stance that was taken was that the court had taken cognisance of the cases and they could not do anything. To the bench’s query, he said throughout the hearing, the issue did not come up.

The chief justice told him that from the documents they were informed by the authorities concerned that the company had taken advance payment. He also withdrew the counsel’s attention towards the absence of PEPCO’s counsel, asking whether it would be appropriate to proceed in the matter. He also observed that nobody should get any impression from the court’s proceedings, so that the NAB might delay its own proceedings. Abdul Hafeez Pirzada, counsel for Kamokey Power Company, said the bench had so far admitted his review and issued notice in the case. He said the issue would be whether

the machinery worth billions of rupees had been lying and could be removed to Bangladesh and Iraq by the concerned companies. He said that a stance from the government’s side might come forward in the meanwhile over these assets of worth billion of rupees. The CJ posed a question whether the current government which was completing its term, could take such an important decision! The counsel for Piran Ghaib power company replied that it would not be possible. Further proceedings was adjourned until March 8.

na body anticipates severe power crisis in summers ISLAMABAD oNLINE

A subordinate body of the National Assembly’s Special Committee on Energy Crisis was told on Monday that load shedding is expected to get worse during the summers. The meeting of the subordinate body was held in the Parliament House under the chairmanship of its convener, Shahid Khaqan Abbasi. In the meeting, it was told that the PSO had reduced the supply of furnace oil to the power sector by 20,000 tonnes. At present, PSO supplied only 6,000 tonnes of furnace oil to the power sector. The reduction in the supply of furnace oil had given way to a shortfall of 4,000 Megawatts, while the demand of power sector with reference to furnace oil was 18,000 tonnes daily. Despite the provision of Rs 10 billion to PSO, the situation was worsening, the meeting was told. Furthermore, the meeting was told that the power-crisis would not end if the private sector was not allowed to generate electricity. Abbasi said that the Ministry of Water and Power had been asked not to give subsidy on electricity to the elite class. Abbasi further stated that targeted subsidy should be provided with reference to electricity and work to manage it was underway. He observed that bureaucrats and parliamentarians should not be provided the subsidy and political courage was needed to deal with it. Moreover, Abbasi proposed that the price of electricity should be increased for those who used it excessively.

ccP condemns Hazara genocide LAHORE pRESS RELEASE

IslaMaBaD: acting Wafaqi Mohtasib salman Farooqi talks to President asif Zardari at President’s House on Monday.

The Concerned Citizens of Pakistan (CCP) strongly condemn the terrorist attack on the Shia Hazara community in Quetta, and demand strong action against those responsible for this barbaric act. CCP is of the opinion that this ongoing spate of violence that is especially targeting the Shia community is a well thought out plan to destabilize the country and must be addressed at a war footing by the government and opposition parties at the earliest.

Punjab govt rebuts ‘The metro Bus Joy ride’ report LAHORE pRESS RELEASE

The Lahore Rapid Bus Transit System Project, commonly known as Lahore Metro Bus Project, was planned during end of year 2011 to address public transport issues and to cope with traffic congestion and gridlock issues in the Lahore metropolitan area. Lahore currently has a population of about 10 million with an annual population growth rate of 4%. Lahore transport network has had almost no augmentation in its conveyance capacity during the last decade and as such the instant project addresses crucial needs of increasing transport demand that has exceeded 13.5 million daily passenger trips through various modes of transport. The Punjab Government has initiated the Project with the best of intentions and after ensuring due diligence. The scribe has not only made inaccurate assertions but the article is riddled with factual errors. The basic tenor and argument of the article is misleading and smacks of bias. This is not very surprising given the fact that the scribe is an office-holder of a political party as well. Contents of the article reveal a flimsy analysis that overlooks the aforesaid ground realities that necessitate launching of urban mass transit system for the city. It goes without saying that almost all major urban centers in the world having population of over two million essentially have combination of multi-modal transport feeder services including bus rapid transit systems. The writer also appears to have ignored the fact that urban mass transport systems involving costly infrastructure and marginal dividends are inter-

nationally designed and financed as public sector projects as private sector investment is not attractive in this domain. The article reflects writer’s inability in collecting factual information regarding Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) studies and related mitigation measures that were undertaken for execution of the Lahore Metro bus Project. The Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) report for the project was outcome of NESPAK’s EIA studies for the two distinct components of the Metro bus Project i.e. the ‘at grade’ and ‘elevated’ sections. Unlike writer’s hasty conclusion indicating failure of the government to accomplish the legally mandatory EIA requirement, the EIA report was submitted to the Environment Protection Department (EPD) and a well-publicized public hearing was convened in two stages; initially on 31st March 2012 for the ‘at grade’ section followed by a wider consultative public hearing done on 10th October 2012. NOC for the project was, therefore, obtained in due fulfillment of all procedural stages. Adherence to recommended environmental mitigation and protection measures has also been strictly observed all along various constructional activities of the Project. The construction area was protected by using G.I. corrugated sheets and galvanized iron pipes which were further strengthened by appropriate work zone signage guiding the traffic for their safety in the construction areas. Proper Public Address Systems were installed at junctions and were vigilantly operated by City Traffic Police to guide traffic passages and movement during project’s execution. Dust and related hazards were also prevented by regular sprinkling of

water. The fact that this public hearing was factored into the process implies that the entire effort was inclusive and all the relevant concerns were addressed. The concern raised by the writer regarding alleged approval of the project at the Provincial level in piecemeal manner is also flawed as the project with its “at-grade” southern Ferozepur Road component ‘Youhannabad to Kalma Chowk’ was initiated to cater to both stand-alone and integrated utility and the final cost of this segment in any case was around Rs. 5 billion which remained much within the revised provincial approval limits for public sector development projects. This segmental approach has been employed with good results in the past as well and does not carry any real novelty about it. The contiguous elevated viaduct of 8.3 km has been designed with a transitioning ramp ascending from the Qaddafi Stadium junction, thereby serving to avert impedance due to multimodal traffic at various intersections including Canal Crossing, Muslim Town and Shah Jamal intersections. The elevated viaduct has additionally benefited in terms of low land acquisition and structure compensation requirements and has also resulted in cost saving for relocation of utilities as well as provision of underground services. Positive environmental impacts on Ferozepur Road, being the high priority major traffic corridor, are already becoming visible as major public transport volumes from various conventional and slow moving modes have started shifting to the rapid bus service, resultantly leading to the desirable alleviation of at-grade traffic congestion and passenger

demand on the Ferozepur Road. The traffic streamlining is expected to result in reduced vehicular emissions and less congestion as well as less traffic accidents and hazards. Land Acquisition, structure compensation and business loss were paid as per prevailing Government policy/rules. Some of the owners filed writ petitions which were disposed of by the honorable courts as per law. It is absolutely incorrect to say that only 20 out of 45 buses were functional immediately after inauguration. The factual position is that the full fleet of 45 buses was launched in the MBS corridor since the day of its inauguration and is operating during the bus operation hours. On an average, 3 to 5 buses are grounded for minor repairs and are relaunched. This, in no way, implies any under-deployment. The entire effort is premised on people-friendliness and a concomitant responsible attitude of the passengers. The project was planned and executed strictly in accordance with the applicable laws and rules and as such no violation was allowed to be committed in the paper work or on the ground. The accusation of violation of labour laws is equally senseless and baseless. The writer conveniently ignored that the Punjab Chief Minister actually gave hefty monetary rewards to the labourers during the inauguration ceremony of the Metro Bus System on February 10, 2013 in recognition of the speedy and meritorious work. It is also pertinent to mention that as per the contract, safety of the labour was the responsibility of contractors engaged for construction. As for the allegation of “semi-privatizing” the Government service delivery, it is

important to highlight that the Punjab Government follows a hands-on, interventionist approach to Development. However, for the purposes of efficiency gains, it does not hesitate to adopt or adapt the international best practices that could be mainstreamed in a purposeful manner. However, it just does not mean that it is inclined towards “semi-privatizing” public service provision. All the Companies mentioned in the article are Public Limited Companies and their existence, in no way, is going to potentially crowd out the Public sector. In the procurement of goods and services for the project, complete transparency was ensured. Platform Tourism, the Company plying the buses in the corridor, was hired through an open and transparent tendering process strictly observing the PPRA Rules. The Company invested over Rs. 1 billion to procure 45 buses. For operation of these buses all running costs of drivers’ salaries, POL, etc. are also borne by the investor Company. The Company is paid on plied kilometer basis and as such no subsidy is being given to it by the Government. There was a dire need for provision of a genuine mass transit system in the mega-city of Lahore. This has been repeatedly stressed in transportation master plans and studies of consultants conducted over time. The choice of mode of transportation is largely linked with availability of investable resources. The Government of the Punjab chose metrobuses being the cheapest mode of transportation and has successfully delivered to the public a state of the art mass transit system. It may be highlighted that the MBS project is the first of its kind in the country.


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No chance of peace in Afghanistan without Iran’s support. — Rustam Shah

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six dead, 13 wounded in suicide attack on tribal jirga GRAND JIRGA OF POLITICAL PARTIES FROM FATA WAS IN PROGRESS AT THE TIME OF ATTACK PESHAWAR

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T least six people, including five security personnel were killed, and 13 others were injured on Monday when suicide bombers attacked the Khyber Agency political agent’s office. Two explosions and heavy gunfire was heard after the two suicide bombers stormed into the Khyber House, office of the Khyber Agency’s political agent. Police said that two suicide bombers attacked the Khyber House and blew themselves up, killing five security forces and a civilian, while injuring over a dozen others. Political Agent (PA) Mutahir Zeb, who was inside the building at the time of the attack, also received injuries. The blast also injured Landi Kotal Assistant Political Agent (APA) Khalid Mumtaz Kundi, and damaged his office. According to eyewitnesses and police, politicians from Khyber Agency were having a meeting about the upcoming elections at the Khyber House when the bombers struck. Police said the attackers, wearing uniforms of the Levies’ militia, came to the main gate of the Khyber House and asked the security personnel on duty to allow them to meet the political agent. But upon the refusal of the guards, the suicide bombers opened fire and forcefully entered the premises and blew themselves up inside the control room of the Khyber House after exchanging fire with security forces. The dead and the injured were shifted to Lady Reading Hospital, where authori-

ties confirmed the numbers of casualties. “We have six dead bodies and a dozen injured, including some with serious injuries,” said Jamal Shah, the hospital’s spokesman. According to official sources, militants had attacked to free some detainees from the building. However, it has not yet been confirmed whether they attacked to free the captives or not. The blast badly damaged the control room, reception, clerk’s room, the APA’s office and a veranda inside the political compound of the Khyber House. The blast also caused cracks in the nearby buildings and houses. The bombers struck at a time when a grand jirga of several political parties from the Federally Administered Tribal Areas

ttP’s maUlvI faqIr naBBed!

(FATA) was discussing the code of ethics for the upcoming general elections. While some official sources believed that the attackers wanted to free some detainees imprisoned at the Khyber House, other sources said that the target might be the leaders of various political parties. The political agent’s office is situated on main Bara Road near Khyber Super Market in the cantonment area, where a large number of students and professionals also live. The area has been hit by terrorists three times in the past and more than one hundred people have been injured and dozens have been killed. The blast caused fear and panic among the residents and a large number of students left the area to escape the attack. Some of the students did not get out of their rooms

Pakistan asks UK to limit indian influence in Afghanistan NEW DELHI INp

PesHaWar: Former deputy leader of the banned outfit Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) Maulvi Faqir Mohammad, along with five of his aides, was arrested on Monday by security forces while he was entering Pakistan from Afghanistan, Pakistan Today has learnt. Sources told Pakistan Today that Faqir Mohammad was arrested by Khyber Agency security personnel. However, Khyber Agency administration is yet to issue a formal statement confirming the arrest. The reports of his arrest came a few hours after two suicide bombers targeted Khyber House at Peshawar. At least six persons, including three of security personnel, were killed in the attack and several others, including an assistant political agent, were injured. Faqir Mohammad’s differences developed with Hakimullah Mehsud and his associates a few months ago. Due to these differences, Faqir Mohammad was first replaced by commander Dad Ullah from Bajaur Agency and later by Abu Bakkar. One year ago, Faqir Mohammad had backed dialogues with government. Faqir Mohammad’s reported arrest or surrender may be considered a severe setback to the banned outfit. Only a few days ago, TTP’s notorious commander Tariq Afridi had succumbed to injuries in Tirah Vallay. Tariq had sustained injuries during a clash between rival militants three months ago. SHAmIm SHAHID

as there was intense firing going on between the attackers and the security forces. Heavy contingents of security forces reached the site and sealed the buildings. The main Bara Road was blocked for all kinds of traffic, and a large-scale operation was launched in the nearby commercial building to trace out more terrorists. The inspector general of Bomb Disposal Squad said that that each suicide jacket contained eight kilogrammes explosives, which badly damaged the Khyber House. An eyewitness said, “There was intense firing between the militants and the security forces. Later, security forces evacuated us from the building. Where, I saw two dead bodies and blood everywhere.” Niaz Ahmad Khan, a tribal leader, said

With the UK trying to broker an agreement between Pakistan and Afghanistan on Taliban reconciliation, it is learnt Islamabad has asked London to limit Indian activities in war-torn Afghanistan. It is not clear what the UK response has been, Afghan and the British role in a possible Taliban reconciliation deal between Islamabad and Kabul would be high on the agenda, when British Prime Minister David Cameron meets Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh for talks today (Tuesday), The Times of India reported. Cameron is on a working visit to India. The paper quoting sources reported that said Pakistan had made this request to Cameron during last week’s trilateral meeting with Hamid Karzai at Chequers, the British PM’s country home.

Cameron had hosted both leaders for the trilateral that is searching for a viable way to bring the Taliban into the mainstream in Afghanistan, get Pakistan to release Taliban leaders, who are in Pakistani custody. India will also be holding its own trilateral meeting on Afghanistan today (Tuesday). Senior officials from India, Afghanistan and the US will meet to coordinate activities in Afghanistan, an exercise that has assumed more importance, thanks to the impending drawdown of US troops from that country. The first meeting of the trilateral took place on the sidelines of the UNGA last September. It is also predicated on the continuing activities in Afghanistan by India and the US after 2014. In fact, the Afghan government has asked India to intensify its activities inside Afghanistan even after the US withdrawal. There is growing wariness within

India about the apparent consonance of interests between the UK and Pakistan. India believes that the UK may be helping Pakistan achieve its core interest of facilitating a Taliban return in Afghanistan and a return to the strategic comfort of the 1990s. Pakistan is not likely to release the Taliban leaders without important concessions to their core interests. Pandering to these could end up seriously destabilising Afghanistan as well as threatening Indian security interests. Indian officials said they did not seriously believe that the UK would want to undermine India hence, New Delhi would seek greater clarity from the British leadership regarding their intentions. British officials insist India had been kept in the loop at every step of the way from a phone call by the British foreign secretary after the trilateral meeting to regular official interaction between the foreign offices.

that they had arranged a meeting regarding election reforms in FATA when the firing started, and then there was a heavy blast, followed by heavy firing. Another eyewitness present inside the Khyber House said that a militant entered the office and opened fire on Levies forces. In response, security forces also started firing. Meanwhile, newly-appointed Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Governor Shaukatullah visited the Khyber House and strongly condemned the attack on government installations. He said that on one side the militants were launching attacks, while on the other hand they were talking about dialogue. He said that if such attacks continued in the future then the process of reconciliation and dialogue would be spoiled.

Pakistani student tops cambridge exams ISLAMABAD App

A Pakistani student from Chakwal, Mohammad Shujaat Mirza, on Monday topped the world in O Level International Cambridge Examinations. The 17-year-old student of Myers College secured As in all the nine subjects he appeared in. “This is a great success not only for the student and his school but also for the entire Chakwal district,” said Raja Yassir Sardaraz, the head of the college. He added, “The point I wanted to prove has been proven by the grace of God. The point was that if given proper direction, students from the underprivileged classes can produce extraordinary results.” “I am very excited over my success and the credit of my achievement goes to my parents who rendered unprecedented support to me,” Mirza said. “I’m very thankful to my great teacher Sir Imran and college Chairman Sir Yassir who started O Levels in Chakwal,” he said. He said that he wanted to become a chemical engineer.

Kamran Faisal’s post mortem report submitted to SC ISLAMABAD StAff REpoRt

The Islamabad police on Monday submitted the medical board report of National Accountability Bureau (NAB) investigator Kamran Faisal in Supreme Court, which suggested that the investigator committed suicide. Inspector general of police, while talking to journalists, said that in the light of the medical report, Kamran’s death was a suicide. “We have to rely on the medical board. Now that the report is in the court, it is up to the judges to decide the future of the case,” he said.

Earlier, on Saturday, while rejecting the findings of Punjab Forensic Science Agency (PFSA), a medical board under the supervision of consultant surgeon of Poly Clinic declared Kamran Faisal death’s as suicide. In the report, sources claimed that there were no signs of torture on the body and Faisal had not taken any poison before hanging himself from the ceiling fan of his room in Federal Lodges. The same report was submitted by the police before the Supreme Court. Earlier, PFSA reported a ligature mark on the neck of the deceased showing signs of pre-death and pre-hanging torture and found partial DNA of some

unknown source on the rope. However, on Saturday, the Poly Clinic board ruled out this possibility and termed that the NAB investigator had committed suicide. It may be recalled that the PFSA indicated that Faisal’s post mortem report was prepared under pressure to alter results to show the killing as a suicide. Police said that they would produce the report before the Supreme Court on February 19. Kamran Faisal, who was investigating the 22 billion rental power corruption case, involving Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf and 15 others, was found hanging from ceiling fan at his official residence.


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the drone warfare Imagine a world where everybody has drones

Tuesday, 19 February, 2013

the Parliament in its last session Not a bad report card

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ITH the assemblies due to be dissolved on March 16, the ongoing session of the National Assembly which began Monday would be its last. Given our checkered political history, this is a huge milestone by itself. Despite its several failures and shortcomings, the parliament managed to pass a number of constitutional amendments of historic import. This underscores the success of the democratic system. That this happened despite the PPP not enjoying even a simple majority in the lower house is a matter of credit not just for the ruling party and its allies but for good measure the opposition as well. The amendments to the much disfigured constitution not fully but quite substantively restore the spirit of the 1973 constitution. For instance, the 18th amendment restored the original federal and parliamentary character of the constitution by taking back from the head of the state the powers that presidents in uniform had arrogated to themselves. These powers had turned the prime minister literally subservient to the president, to the extent that his survival in office depended on the president’s whim and fancy. Now for the first time since Gen. Zia putsch, the prime minister is no longer a figurehead. By drastically cutting down the concurrent list, the federal units were enabled to regain their autonomy for the first time in the history of this country. And to be able to exercise this autonomy meaningfully, the federal divisible pool was extended quite substantially. The 20th amendment extended the tenure of the members of the Election Commission to five years, evolved a neutral mechanism for the members’ selection and further empowered the EC by authorizing it to nominate the caretaker prime minister in case the political leadership failed to reach a consensus. The Right to Free and Compulsory Education Law made it mandatory for the state to ensure this fundamental right for all children aged between 5 to 16 years. Thus the right of every child for free education was made justiciable. The Parliament also activated a number of its committees. It is through a proper and vibrant functioning of these committees that Parliament can extricate its turf from extra-parliamentary bodies which have traditionally been making decisions over critical national issues. These were the landmarks. The Parliament however failed to assert itself in a number of spheres – particularly on the issues where the establishment has traditionally held sway. It shrank back from resolving the festering issue of the missing persons. It failed to put an end to the bloodshed and the suffering in Balochistan. In the case of Abbotabad fiasco, the parliament eventually accepted the version provided to it by the ISPR. The prime minister first hailed the OBL killing as a victory of anti-terror alliance but soon took a 180 degree turn. The parliament also failed in evolving a genuinely independent accountability body. While the last five years show that consensus building between different stake holders is easier in a democracy than under a military rule, the parliament’s manifold failures indicate that the political parties have yet to learn a lot to be able to surmount the problems the country faces. Further that such maturity and competence amongst the lawmakers can only be achieved only if the continuity of the system is ensured.

mqm’s move From treasury benches to opposition benches

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HE MQM, unlike country’s other mainstream political parties, does not have a foothold in any province. PPP has Sindh and a considerable portion of Punjab, PML-N has Punjab and ANP holds sway in KP, but MQM, limited only to Karachi and Hyderabad, seems to have been unable in making inroads in country’s mainstream politics. Yet it has always been able to find a way into every government because of its overwhelming clout in the financial capital of the country. However, this habit of being in power does not come without its pitfalls. Being a smaller party, it has to struggle more than the others to prove its worth; this despite coalitions and political bonding not being its forte. To maintain its existence, the MQM has to make decisions that are mostly seen skeptically, and termed opportunist sometimes. The MQM-PPP marriage of necessity, which lasted for almost five years, has unraveled as the former has announced leaving the coalition government to sit on the opposition benches in the Sindh government. It may be a calculated election move but most are unwilling to see it that way. The PML-F, the opposition in the Sindh assembly for the past five years, says that it smell a conspiracy in this move. PML-N’s Nisar Ali Khan has also said the same. They claim that it is a move by the MQM to have a caretaker CM of their choice. To them the MQM doesn’t seem to like the idea of letting go of power even in a transition period. However, the PML-F is not against a joint opposition against the PPP provided the MQM scraps local bodies law, its governor Ishatul Ebad resigns and it accepts Nusrat Sehar Abbasi of PML-F as the leader of the opposition. These demands don’t appear to be asking too much though how the MQM will respond is yet to be seen. Even if the MQM has genuine reasons to quit treasury benches and join opposition benches, its track record of flip-flopping makes it less credible. The ball is in its court to prove its intentions.

Dedicated to the legacy of the late Hameed Nizami

Arif Nizami Editor Lahore – Ph: 042-36375963-5 Fax: 042-32535230 Karachi – Ph: 021-35381208-9 Fax: 021-35381208 Islamabad – Ph: 051-2287273 Fax: 051-2850505 Web: www.pakistantoday.com.pk Email: editorial@pakistantoday.com.pk

mICHAEL wALzER

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T is always a hard question whether new technologies require the revision of old arguments. Targeted killing isn’t new, and I am going to repeat an old argument about it. But targeted killing with drones? Here the old arguments, though they still make sense, leave me uneasy. There are radical limits on political assassinations. In democracies, they can never be justified; it is only the blood of tyrants that waters the tree of liberty. And even with tyrants, a trial is preferable to an assassination whenever it is possible to bring down the tyrannical regime without killing its leader. In wartime, international law bars the killing of political leaders on the grounds that they are the ones who will in the end negotiate the peace treaty. But some political leaders, with whom one can’t imagine negotiating, are legitimate targets—Hitler the obvious example. Killing Hitler would have been “extra-judicial” but entirely justified. The targeted killing of insurgents and terrorists in wartime is subject to the same constraints as any other act of war. It will have to meet very strict standards of proportionality; given that the target is a single person, it will be difficult to justify any injury to innocent bystanders. So the targeting must be undertaken with great care; collecting information about the targeted individuals, their schedules, their where-

abouts, their families and neighbours, is critically important, and if it involves risk for agents in the field, the risks must be accepted before the killing can be justified. Now, does it make any difference if the actual killing is the work of a drone, operated by a technician sitting in an office 3,000 miles away? Surely the same criteria apply to the drone as to any more closely manned machine. Why should we think it different from the sniper’s rifle? The difference is that killing-by-drone is so much easier than other forms of targeted killing. The easiness should make us uneasy. This is a dangerously tempting technology. It makes our enemies more vulnerable than ever before, and we can get at them without any risk to our own soldiers. Of course, intelligence gathering may still be risky, but the drones “see” so much more than any soldier or agent in the field that they make fieldwork seem less important. They combine the capacity for surveillance with the capacity for precise attack. At least, that is the idea, and assuming now that we are rightly in the business of killing, that there are people out there who deserve to be killed, what could be better? But here is the difficulty: the technology is so good that the criteria for using it are likely to be steadily relaxed. That’s what seems to have happened with the US Army or with the CIA in Pakistan and Yemen. The overuse of drones and the costs they impose upon the civilian population have been carefully and persuasively documented in the Stanford/NYU Clinics’ report, Living Under Drones. I will focus on only one striking example of how the moral criteria have been relaxed in order to justify the overuse and the costs. According to an article in The New York Times by Jo Becker and Scott Shane, President Obama has adopted “a disputed method for counting civilian casualties” that makes it much easier to call drone attacks “proportionate”. In effect, it “counts all military age males in a strike zone as combatants”. If the targeted insurgent or terrorist leader is surrounded by, or simply in the vicinity of, a group of men who are, say, between the ages of fifteen and sixty (and

even drone surveillance can’t be precise about that), an attack is permitted, and everyone who is killed is counted as a legitimate target. But this isn’t targeted killing. There are ancient precedents for this sort of thing. According to Thucydides, when the Athenians captured the rebellious city of Melos, they “slew all the men of military age.” And according to the biblical book of Deuteronomy, when the Israelites besieged a city and “God delivers it into your hands… you shall put all its males to the sword.” Since the Deuteronomist goes on to exclude children, the two policies are identical. The new American doctrine isn’t the same. We are not aiming to kill all the men of military age, but we have made them all liable to be killed. We have turned them into combatants, without knowing anything more about them than their (approximate) age. That wasn’t right in ancient Greece or Israel, and it isn‘t right today. Drone warfare could take the form of targeted killing, and it could be justified under tough constraints. But the United States now seems to be using drones in a different way, as the instrument of a more general and less focused warfare. Drones make it possible to get at enemies who hide in countries whose governments are probably unwilling and possibly unable to repress or restrain them. This is a war without a front, where the use of ground troops, even commandos, is difficult, sometimes impossible—so drones have been called “the only game in town”. But we should think very carefully before relaxing the targeting rules and turning drones into a weapon like all the others. Their moral and political advantage is their precision, which depends on using them only against individuals whose critical importance we have established and about whom we have learned a great deal. Using them like an advanced form of artillery or like “smart” bombs isn’t morally right or politically wise. This last point can be driven home very simply: imagine a world, which we will soon be living in, where everybody has drones. The writer is the co-editor of Dissent. This article was also carried by Dissent.

a grand master of strategy Seek the wisdom of Lee Kuan Yew

RobERt D bLACkwILL GRAHAm ALLISoN

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OST everyone in Washington has an opinion about the rise of Chinese power and what the US should do about it. Strongly held convictions range from confronting to containing to hedging to accommodating. As is often true on the Potomac, too few ask what others more qualified to have thoughtful views think about the issue. Consider the toughest questions about the rise of China, the future of Asia and the impact of developments there on the US. Who is most qualified to have informed, insightful answers? For people in the know, the unanimous first choice is: Lee Kuan Yew. Founding father of modern Singapore and its prime minister from 1959 to 1990, Lee Kuan Yew has served as mentor to every Chinese leader from Deng Xiaoping to Xi Jinping and as counsellor to every American president from Richard Nixon to Barack Obama. He led a small, poor, corrupt port city-state to first-world status in a single generation and knows a lot about governance. Having guided a small nation whose survival depends on staying alert and agile in adjusting to the actions of big neigh-

bours, he has developed a well-deserved reputation as “the man who saw tomorrow”. As Henry Kissinger says in the foreword to our new book, “Lee Kuan Yew: The Grand Master’s Insights on China, the United States, and the World”: “I have had the privilege of meeting many world leaders over the past half-century; none, however, has taught me more than Lee Kuan Yew.” China’s new leader, Xi Jinping, calls Lee “our senior who has our respect.” President Obama refers to him as a “legendary figure of Asia in the 20th and 21st centuries”. For former Prime Minister Tony Blair, he is “the smartest leader I ever met”. Another formidable former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Margaret Thatcher, praises “his way of penetrating the fog of propaganda and expressing with unique clarity the issues of our time and the way to tackle them”. Lee “has the most modern and the most strategic view of anyone I have met,” according to former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright. Over the past 18 months, we have been privileged to put to Lee the questions we think Americans will find most important. His direct, candid answers summarise his strategic insights about why China is determined to displace the US as the world’s pre-eminent power, how it plans to do so, and how he thinks the US should respond. Lee does not agree with those who believe that the US is in systemic decline. Indeed, he is bullish on America’s “can-do culture,” despite his worries about our sclerotic political system. But America “cannot stop China’s rise,” so it must try to find some way to share leadership of the 21st century. Americans frustrated with a do-nothing Congress will find his perspective on governance particularly penetrating. “A suc-

cessful democratic society,” Lee Kuan Yew says, requires two things: a constantly active, “interested and vigilant electorate” and “the ablest, the toughest and most dedicated of leaders”. In his view, the US today deserves failing marks on both fronts. More controversially for Americans, Lee challenges prevailing Western views that civilisation is marching toward Western-style democracy. Pakistan and the Philippines are reminders that effective governance is not assured “by just setting up a democratic constitution”. For him, the test of governance is: “Does it work?” “The millions of dispossessed in Asia,” he says, “care not and know not of theory. They want a better life.” Asked whom he admires, he names former French President Charles de Gaulle, “because he had tremendous guts,” Deng Xiaoping for executing China’s rise, and Winston Churchill, “because any other person would have given up”. While he expresses little interest in how he will be remembered, we are confident that history will count him among the grand masters of strategy. We especially commend his penetrating thoughts to Secretary of State John Kerry’s new team and to their colleagues at the White House and the Pentagon. Graham Allison is director of the Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Centre for Science and International Affairs; Robert D Blackwill is Henry A Kissinger senior fellow for US foreign policy at the Council on Foreign Relations. They are coauthors of “Lee Kuan Yew: The Grand Master’s Insights on China, the United States, and the World.” This article was also carried by POLITICO.


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There are people, who the more you do for them, the less they will do for themselves. –Jane Austen

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Editor’s mail Send your letters to: Letters to Editor, Pakistan Today, 4-Shaarey Fatima Jinnah, Lahore, Pakistan Fax: +92-42-32535230 E-mail: letters@pakistantoday.com.pk Letters should be addressed to Pakistan Today exclusively

We have to do something on our own The loss of precious human lives has become a routine phenomenon in Pakistan. Whether it is targeted killings, or deaths that occur because of accidents that could have been avoided, the fact is that we are witnessing a gory drama of death and destruction on a daily basis. The details of these horrendous episodes are repeated on the media for all to see, but there seems to be no real solution to prevent all this. At the highest level, it indicates dismal governance, which includes not only political office bearers, but security and law enforcing agencies as well. The lack of accountability, as well as corrupt practices at all levels and a generally apathetic attitude towards life in general are contributing factors. At the grass roots level, citizens can also be blamed for their lack of vigilance and careless, even heartless attitude towards their surroundings and fellow citizens. We will all have to take responsibility of our communities and speak up against what we perceive to be wrong. Most of us prefer to bury our heads in the sand, only until, God forbid, we are directly affected by any calamity. We must become responsible citizens, and teach our young generation through example and inspire them to be compassionate and proactive, rather than apathetic and careless. Whether it is violence in the name of religion, or destruction through accidents that are the result of ignoring basic civic laws, it is all indicative of a decadent society. Very serious soul searching and intelligent planning will be required to pull us out of this downward social spiral. Those amongst us who are educated will have to take the lead in this, and initiative public discourse on all matters pertaining to responsible citizenship. SAIRA DAR Concerned Citizens Society of Pakistan

currency wars

a generous offer

A threat that hangs over G20 meeting

NICk bEAmS

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HE meeting of G20 finance ministers and central bankers in Moscow over the next two days is being held amid a deep contradiction in the global capitalist economy. On the one hand a certain stability has returned to financial markets, at least temporarily, with stock markets on the rise, while, on the other hand, economic growth continues to stagnate. Large sections of the world are at or near recession and the developed countries are now fighting over what the Financial Times described as “slivers of economic growth”. This mounting contradiction is the driving force behind the renewed warnings of a global “currency war”—an issue which will almost certainly dominate proceedings. The danger of a global currency war was first raised in 2010 by the Brazilian Finance Minister Guido Mantega, who warned that the US Federal Reserve Board’s policy of “quantitative easing” (printing money) was cutting the value of the US dollar, thereby undermining the economic position of other powers and opening the way for possible retaliation. The issue has again come into prominence following the change of government in Japan last December and the decision of the incoming Abe administration to demand that the Bank of Japan pursue its own version of “quantitative easing” in order to try to boost the stagnant Japanese economy. Further fuel was then added to the fire by the statement by French President François Hollande earlier this month that the high value of the euro was damaging the economy. The extent of the tensions over currency issues was highlighted on the eve of the G20 meeting when the G7—Britain, the US, Japan, Germany, France, Italy and Canada—issued a

statement insisting that currency levels should be determined by market forces and not central banks. The statement was initially interpreted as supporting Japan, but markets were thrown into turmoil when an official said that it was intended as a criticism of recent Japanese actions. In its statement the G7 said its central banks were not targeting their respective currencies. “We reaffirm that our fiscal and monetary policies have been and will remain oriented towards meeting our respective domestic objectives using domestic instruments, and that we will not target exchange rates.” But the very interconnectedness of the global economy and financial system means that this statement is as ludicrous as an assertion that increased carbon pollution in one country would not contribute to global warming because it would be merely a “domestic” measure. Since the eruption of the global financial crisis in 2008, the US Federal Reserve has increased its holdings of financial assets some threefold. It is now adding to its balance sheet at the rate of $80 billion a month or almost $1 trillion per year. These purchases of financial assets add to the supply of dollars and work to push down the exchange rate against other currencies, thereby benefiting American exporters at the expense of their rivals. Furthermore, whether or not US interests directly benefit, the role of the US dollar as the paramount global currency means that its fall increases the relative value of all other currencies and worsens the position of these countries in the fight for export markets, while opening up their domestic markets to increased international competitive pressures. At a certain point those pressures provoke demand for retaliation. This is why the Japanese measures are regarded as significant, leading to increased tensions and renewed warnings of currency wars. There are other, longer-term, consequences that point to the fact that the financial crash of 2008 represented a breakdown in the global capitalist order. The Fed’s quantitative easing programme and consequent devaluation of the US dollar is unprecedented. While the dollar has been devalued in the past—for example, under the so-called Plaza Accord of 1985—that was done at least with the formal agreement and collaboration of the other major capitalist powers. Now the US pursues its economic agenda unilaterally and completely recklessly. Its undermining of the foundations of the global monetary system carries with it the threat of a collapse of confidence in paper currencies and a return to the economic blocs that characterised the 1930s, with

incalculable consequences for world trade and investment. An even more immediate threat is that the ongoing purchases of financial assets by the Fed and other central banks will recreate, on an even broader scale, the conditions that led to the crash of 2008. Since the beginning of 2008 the Fed has expanded its balance sheet by 220 percent, the Bank of England by 350 percent and the European Central Bank by about 98 percent. In the absence of any policies to enhance economic growth, the reliance on financial manipulation is creating new and explosive contradictions at the very centre of the world economy—a fact recognised by at least some of those in charge of the financial system. In a recent speech, the head of Britain’s Financial Services Authority Adair Turner warned that “exclusive reliance” on monetary and credit policy “carries significant long-term risks—a danger that, in seeking to escape from the deleveraging trap created by past excesses, we may build up future vulnerabilities”. In the crisis of 2008, central banks around the world were able to act as “lender of last resort” and bail out banks and other financial institutions that would have gone bankrupt had they not received assistance. The central banks could perform this function because they themselves were not directly involved in the afflicted financial markets. That situation has changed dramatically. The banks themselves now hold trillions of dollars’ worth of government bonds and other forms of debt. A collapse in these markets would see the central banks attempting to bail out the major banks and investors while their own financial viability was being undermined. In other words, the measures taken over the past five years have not only created the conditions for escalating currency wars, they have ensured that the next major financial crisis will involve the central banks themselves. Some of those attending the G20 meeting will recognise, at least in their behind-the-scenes discussions, these looming dangers. But they will be powerless to advance any policies to meet them because the crisis is rooted in the very foundations of the profit and nation-state system they defend. The only answer to the enormous dangers posed by the ongoing capitalist breakdown is the initiation of a political struggle by the working class for the programme of international socialism and the replacement of the anarchic profit system by conscious economic planning. The writer is an Australian socialist intellectual. This article was also carried by World Socialist Web Site.

There have been many writers who could not find a publisher to get their first writings published as no publisher risks to invest on a novice writer. Virginia Woolf was also among those writers who could not get her first book published. She had to publish her first book by herself. How much fortunate those students are whom one of the trusted institutions and publishers of Urdu literature is taking initiative itself to offer an opportunity to provide its forum of literary gathering held weekly or fortnightly to novice writers and particularly students intending to see their career in literature as a writer or a critic. Azfar Rizvi, the secretary of Anjuman Tariqi Urdu, Pakistan announced that ATU was intending to invite the students of the department of Urdu, University of Karachi, in its first phase to promote them as a future prospects of Urdu literature and the ATU in its second phase would broaden its horizon and invite the students of colleges of Karachi as the colleges had been wearing a deserted look in terms of promoting literary activities among their thousands of students. It is also pleasing to hear that Mr Rizvi is determined to parallel the well-stocked library of ATU comprising hundreds of rare books with the library of the British Council where a visitor could feel inclined to reading and research without any hassle. He all said while conducting a program at the research centre of ATU in which the launching ceremony of the fourth edition of Dewan-e-Ghalib (Kamil), edited chronologically by Kali Das Gupta Reza, published by ATU, was held. It is a golden opportunity for the students of Urdu department, University of Karachi to prove their skills. The audiences of such literary gatherings are also keen to see how the future prospects of Urdu literature are writing, what their favourite genres are, how they minutely dissect their classics period of Urdu literature and what hopes do they have from their senior writers of Urdu literature in times to come. I hope the students of the Urdu department will grasp the opportunity and Prof Dr Uzma Farman, the chairperson of the department, will motivate her students to get the best out of it. JAWED AHMED KHURSHEED Karachi

Parks for the public Karachi is a big city with too much population. After a whole week of busy routine, people need a healthy picnic on weekends. The common man finds it in public parks which are best for recreational activities. Public parks are the only source for relaxation and peaceful environment in stressful urban areas. As the population is expanding, the demand for public parks is also increasing. Karachi’s population is well over 15 million but the number of public parks is very low. Parks are necessary for the people of all ages. In a highly populated city like Karachi, the number of parks should be adequate to the population’s needs. The condition of parks is not good. The administration does not paying attention to them. Due to insufficient arrangements, lights and fountains are almost always out of order. Drug addicts can be seen in the evening and at night in these parks. It is requested to the concerned authorities and CDGK to take steps to construct public parks in central locations in all the major localities of the city. This will very helpful in maintaining the physical and mental health of the people. FATIMA MOTALA Karachi


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mIcHael Jordan stIll earns $80m a year With Michael Jordan’s 50th birthday upon us tomorrow, expect to see plenty of tributes to his glory days as a player. But Forbes points out that Jordan is enjoying a whole new kind of glory as a businessman. Thanks largely to his Jordan Brand, a division of Nike, the former Bulls star pulls in $80 million a year and has a net worth of about $650 million, writes Kurt Badenhausen. Jordan owns most of the Charlotte Bobcats—an investment that could send his wealth soaring even higher—along with six restaurants and a car dealership. His Air Jordans still dominate the NBA, with version No. 28 to be unveiled this weekend. His name is golden with a long list of corporate partners. In short, he’s proving to be as much of a wizard off the court as he was on it. “Happy birthday, Michael,” writes Badenhausen. “It’s been a memorable first half-century. Next stop: the Forbes billionaires list.” NEwS DESk

lady GaGa cancels entIre toUr Lady Gaga had already postponed three shows due to “chronic pain,” but things just got more serious: Turns out she needs hip surgery and has to cancel the rest of her Born This Way Ball tour, Reuters reports. She has a labral tear of the right hip, and will need “strict downtime to recover” after it is repaired, Live Nation says in a statement. The injury was originally thought to be joint inflammation, but additional tests upped the severity of things. Her tour had 20 US dates remaining. NEwS DESk

zUckerBerG’s sIster Gets a Book deal Because someone, somewhere demanded it, Randi Zuckerberg has a book deal. Zuckerberg, who you might remember from her ironic complaint that someone had posted an image of her publicly on Facebook, will pen a memoir and a children’s book for HarperCollins, the AP reports. The memoir, titled Dot Complicated, is scheduled to hit shelves Nov. 5. Zuckerberg isn’t just famous for being related to Mark; she’s also formed her own social media-related company, and is a vocal opponent of online anonymity. NEwS DESk

Think twice before you speak, because your words and influence will plant the seed of either success or failure in the mind of another. — Napoleon Hill

‘It feels enerGIsInG to Be In laHore’ An interview with BaPsI sIDHWa LAHORE

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SARoSH SIkANDER

first came across Bapsi Sidhwa’s work, when as a young book enthusiast I decided to delve into South Asian literature, hoping that it would serve as a refreshing departure from the usual English literature which we were force fed in school and which I felt I had read all too much of. My first Sidhwa was The Ice Candy Man, a persuasive and poignant account of the partition of India and Pakistan through the eyes of a young Parsi girl. To say I found the writing remarkable and inspiring is an understatement and that’s why my recent meeting and conversation with Bapsi Sidhwa was nothing less than surreal. Sitting in the vibrant home of the even more vibrant Nuscie Jamil, I spoke to Bapsi Sidhwa about her work and her inspirations and about how the city of Lahore has consistently served her as the ultimate muse. The towering shelves upon shelves of books lining the walls of the room where we sat paled in comparison to the stature of this seemingly frail woman- a stature she has acquired through the sheer power of words and one that reverberates through all her novels. Bapsi is visiting Lahore after more than three years to participate in the Lahore Literary Festival, which is to be held at the AlHamra Arts Council on the 23rd and 24th of February, 2013 where she is not only a panel speaker, but will also be launching three new books Junglewallah Sahib, an Urdu translation of her beloved The Crow Eaters, Shadows and Silver Linings, and Their Language of Love. Her are some excerpts from our conversation: HoW Does It Feel to Be Back In laHore a cIty tHat’s InsPIreD yoU Personally anD ProFessIonally? WHen Was tHe last tIMe yoU Were Here? Bs: It feels so energising to be in Lahore. I’m just contacting my friends. Four of them came to meet me yesterday. I’m in touch with them on email, but face to face is so much better. The last time I was here was over three years ago. I was in much better health then. WHat PartIcUlar asPect oF laHore Do yoU DraW strenGtH FroM WHen yoU're WrItInG? Bs: Just meeting my friends and being here in Lahore with its lush greenery and so much more. Lahore is where I grew up - I get energised here, so my writing is almost always about Lahore. I went to America much later - I've been there now for about 20 years but I keep visiting Lahore, I keep coming back here. I'm not American at all yet. I'm just a Pakistani. HoW Do yoU tHInk PakIstan lIterary traDItIon Has evolveD over tHe Past FeW years? It has suddenly blossomed. There are so many writers now. When I was writing there was nobody writing in English. I remember that Ahmed Ali wrote one book a long time before and then I started writing and then about 10 years after, I noticed that a lot more people were writing here. I noticed a similar trend in India as well. And what’s more, people suddenly started picking up from 'Ice Candy Man' and 'The Croweaters' what I had written was becoming a cliché. Other people would use the same words, the same sentences. But you know that's how writers write, they pick up from each other. (...anD tHey call It InsPIratIon)

Yes well it is inspiration also, but its how it works. My inspiration came from books instead. As a child, I read a lot. I didn't go to school, so I had no companions as such. Instead I just got into reading. I read and read and read and that's what made me a writer basically.

IF yoU Weren't WrItInG WHat WoUlD yoU Be DoInG WItH yoUr lIFe? When I was not writing, I had a lot of sadness. Writing was an act of great joy at the time and it was just something that I so enjoyed. Like a catharsis. If I had not been writing I would have gone mad. So writing was a very big release. And the sadder you are the funnier you write. So I wrote The Crow Eaters and that is one of my funniest books and also my favourite because its so funny. so WHat Do yoU tHInk Makes a GooD WrIter? I believe that reading is vital for people who want to write. But I also feel that you have an innate gift. I've taught creative writing quite a bit and I've found that a good writer has the gift of continuing and telling a story. Everybody now knows pretty good English, they can write pretty sentences but they cannot sustain a story. So the main thing is to have a story to tell, to learn how to create suspense, to create dialogue- that is very important and that is a gift. Then there is imagination combined with your experiences. One has to dig into their lives to tell their stories - like with The Pakistani Bride, that was a story I heard. And I wanted to tell it because it touched me so deeply. How this little girl had grown up in Punjab and suddenly transported to the Kohistani wild area. And married there, and how she had run away. And I came back and wanted to tell the story. Thats how I started to write. Without having written before and without knowing any writers. I just wanted to tell her story. I wanted to write a short story. But without my knowing it became into a novel. And I do feel that each person within them has a side. Some are short story writers, some are novelists. I can write short stories but I am long winded when it comes to writing. I want to go into every detail. I don't want to skip anything. So I've become a novelist. HoW Do yoU Feel aBoUt neW WrIters lIke MoHsIn HaMID anD DanIyal MUeenUDDIn? as a seasoneD WrIter, WHat Do yoU tHInk aBoUt tHeIr IDeas anD tHeIr QUalIty oF WrItInG? Bs: I know that Mohsin Hamid has now written his third novel. I have not yet read that but I love his writing. Daniyal is doing very very well by just writing about his experiences. I think Mohsin is also writing from his experiences of his stay in America. I think that his book The Reluctant Fundamentalist was in a way a very brave book because it showed his perceptions of America, how as a Muslim he was treated in America. It was a very honest book and I liked it very much. so WHo are soMe oF yoUr FavoUrIte aUtHors FroM PakIstan? Well the ones you've named and Mohammed Hanif, the author of A Case of Exploding Mangoes. Although I must say that I don't have favourite authors, rather I have favourite books. Like Naipul's House for Mr Biswas. I loved it. I love his earlier novels. I love his writing. Do yoU tHInk PakIstanI lIteratUre anD art can FloUrIsH GIven tHe cUrrent socIo-PolItIcal lanDscaPe WHIcH Is BecoMInG IncreasInGly oPPressIve? You know Pakistan does not have a very favourable impression abroad. I don't know about England so much but in America, there's this very anti Pakistan

slant because they feel there is too much terrorism going on here. They have a very different impression of Lahore. I told them when you come to Lahore, you don't feel the least bit frightened because when I said I'm going to Pakistan they said 'oh God, will you be careful'. And I said I don't need to be careful because Lahore particularly is a very peaceful city. Karachi has always had a criminal side but Lahore is very different, it's very welcoming. I remember this one time I was in Karachi for a talk at the Agha Khan University and there had been a bomb blast near the Teen Talwar area and I though my gosh how will I get there but everyone said this is normal here. And I said no I'm frightened. But they said we will send you an armoured car with an armoured guard. So a small Suzuki came and there was a guy with what seemed like a pop gun in his hand who took me to the university where I gave my talk to about 500 people and they were delighted. I mean things don't stop because of what's happening therewhich is very brave. I think that the people in Pakistan are very are very resilient. They are lovely people. There is so much hospitality so much warmth, so much grace. People are so polite here. It's not everywhere that people are so polite and courteous as in Pakistan.

as a lIterary scIon, lIterary FestIvals anD Book FaIrs MUst HolD consIDeraBle sIGnIFIcance For yoU. HoW Do yoU Feel aBoUt laHore’s DeBUt lIterary FestIval? Lahore is really the cultural, educational, literary capital of Pakistan. Lahore has produced all the major poets of our country, not only Faiz Ahmed Faiz or Allama Iqbal but also a whole heap of other writers. And poetry particularly is so alive here- in regular conversations people quote a sentence from some verse, like a couplet from Mir or Iqbal and its wonderful. I’ve previously attended the literary festivals in Karachi but yes, I am very excited about this one here in Lahore. The last fest is a unique instance for Lahore. The lahore literary festive is itself evocative of something. It's a very very brave attempt. Its a large scale attempt and I don't think they realise what a large task they've taken. Anyway, I hope it goes well. Its a wonderful event and I hope they have one every year. so WHat are yoU Most lookInG ForWarD to at tHe lIt Fest? anD are yoU excIteD to attenD any PartIcUlar Panel DIscUssIon? Yes I am, I’ve forgotten the title because honestly I’m still a little jet lagged. I know that my friend Nasreen Rehman is going to have an interview with me during one of the panel discussions and we will talk about the various aspects of my writing. I’m quite looking forward to that. Have yoU attenDeD a lot oF lIt Fests aroUnD tHe WorlD? WHIcH one Is yoUr FavoUrIte? Yes, oh my goodness, I have attended so many. My books have been translated into German, Italian, French, so I’ve been so all these places. Germany is where I met this Vasanji. And what happened was that my passport was stolen at the airport and amidst quite a few rookie writers like myself, Vasanji was the one who very gallantly offered to help me. We had to go to Bonne, Berlin was not the capital at the time- and he spent two days with me while I got my affairs in order. Neither

of us could give our readings, he sacrificed his own just to help me. And now that he’s coming to America, I want to do something for him and so I’ve organised two readings for him. So I think yes, that was my favourite Lit fest. I’ve been to many literary festivals in Italy as well. And they were all amazing. It’s just the impression, i suppose that I had that people don’t do any work. They just go from one opera to the other, from one reading to the other, from one concert to the other. I mean they are just flocking to these events. It’s wonderful. I’m sure they work, otherwise how would a country run, but they spend a lot of time for literature, music and the arts. There’s a lot of creative energy. After all Michelangelo was there, the huge artists were there. There is this element of creativity there, which is also present in Lahore by the way. And that is why I am quite hopeful about the Lahore Literary Festival. In yoUr oPInIon, WHat sort oF otHer sIMIlar InItIatIves WoUlD Be BeneFIcIal In encoUraGInG lIteratUre anD reaDInG, esPecIally aMonGst tHe yoUtH oF PakIstan? I think one of the things that is already happening here in Pakistan is that we have a lot of publishers here now. I think we are very lucky that way. I don’t know how many English publishers but there are a lot of publishers. The more books get published the more people start reading and that's how the love of literature spreads. There's more written work - and if books sell the publishers are even more encouraged to continue their work. I feel that reading is still alive here in Pakistan. In America, I taught a number of creative writing courses, I taught at Brandiese, Mount Holyoke, and at Columbia I taught the graduate class. I was surprised when at Brandiese, when I would assign them books to read, a young man protested and said we've read enough. They were just 21 years old, how much could they have read! And I said no you've got to read a lot because reading gives you the nutrients to write- it's like a vitamin for your brain and without the words, a whole bunch of words swimming in your subconscious, you cannot write. So you have to do a lot of reading to become a writer. And there are many more people perhaps who are reading here in Pakistan compared to America, whether its in Urdu or English, there are more people here who are fond of reading. As for the youth, I feel that the Internet has taken over. They are either playing video games or they are indulging in little snippets of reading. They are not reading too well. And of course, there's the kindle and everybody has an ipad. I also use the kindle. Because how many books can you keep buying and keeping.? And I find it saves you space. I've got a library but I now prefer to read on the kindle. Because it can be clearer, it can be enlarged and its to easy, to carry around. For a while I thought I want to have a book in hand to read, but you know now, with age I find it difficult to read the fine print. Sometimes books have really fine print. So it's so easy for me to read on the kindle.


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There is more to sex appeal than just measurements. I don’t need a bedroom to prove my womanliness. I can convey just as much sex appeal, picking apples off a tree or standing in the rain. — Audrey Hepburn

ArTS Tuesday, 19 February, 2013

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Rooney rIta moreno Mara frets reveals near fatal about affair with Brando death Rooney Mara has said that she sometimes wonders about how her film will be completed if she were to die part way through filming. “Sometimes I think about that - like, ‘Okay, if I died right now, would they have to reshoot the whole film? Or would they be able to edit around it’,” the New York Daily News quoted her as saying to the new Interview magazine. The 27-year-old actress said that then she thinks about the scenes that are left to shoot, and weighs if the makers would be able to finish the movie or not. She also said that she trusted director Steven Soderbergh while filming ‘Side Effects.’ Mara asserted that she does whatever she is told and whenever she is told during filming, but there is a line - like when Soderbergh asked her to do a reverse cowgirl with Channing Tatum in ‘Side Effects,’ she put her foot down. She said that if the character should be nude in the scene and it made sense and if she trusts the person making the film then she doesn’t see any problem with it. She added that she certainly didn’t want to be involved in anything that is gratuitous, and believed that the human body is not something to be ashamed of, as every other person on the planet has the same parts as she does, which shouldn’t be a huge shock to most people. NEwS DESk

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SCAR-WINNING actress Rita Moreno has revealed how her obsessive love for Marlon Brando almost killed her in her new memoir. During their eight-year affair, the actress best known for her role as Anita in “West Side Story,” said she had to endure chronic philandering, emotional abuse and a botched abortion, the New York Post reported. A sizable chunk of the book titled “Rita Moreno” is devoted to her torrid love affair with Brando. “He broke my heart and came close to crushing my very spirit with his physical infidelities and, worse, with his emotional betrayals,” Moreno, now 81, writes in her book. During their relationship, he married twice and fathered children with his wives. But Moreno said she became addicted to the challenge of winning him over and over again and in order to win him over, she started dating Dennis Hopper, then Elvis. When Moreno discovered she was pregnant with Brando’s child, she said Marlon immediately arranged for an abortion. Brando coldly arranged for a friend to pick up her after the illegal procedure, she revealed. But on her return home, Moreno began bleeding profusely. The abortion was botched - the fetus was dead, but still inside her. She was rushed to the hospital, where the fetus was surgically removed. But Brando felt he had been “taken” by the abortionist and he wanted his money back, she writes in the memoir. He then left Moreno to shoot “Mutiny on the Bounty,” where he promptly fell head-

over-heels with co-star Tarita Teriipia, whom he would later marry. When Brando returned home, Moreno had had enough. Left alone in the morning, she scavenges through his medicine cabinet, found his sleeping pills and threw them back in one swallow. “I went to bed to die. This wasn’t a revenge suicide, but a consolation, an escapefrom-pain death,” she writes. If Brando’s assistant had not checked in on her, she most certainly would have been dead. She was rushed to the hospital to have her stomach pumped. After this final ordeal, her therapist begged her and Brando never to see each other again. And they both agreed this time. The suicide attempt occurred shortly after filming wrapped on “ West Side Story” - a movie that would earn Moreno an Oscar for Best Supporting Actress and change her life forever. NEwS DESk

BrUce WIllIs:

NOTABLE TWEETS Authors who get paid ridiculously for speaking BILLY BUSH

The only reason the paparazzi pester @ABFalecbaldwin is for the reaction. Is it the camera around the neck that makes harassment ok??

Why I Gave Up Stone-Cold Sobriety

This week, Jonah Lehrer caused even more controversy when it was announced that he was paid $20,000 for his public apology about his plagiarism scandal. People were shocked that he received so much money to confess that he lied, particularly when everyone already knew that he lied. The Knight Foundation has since apologized for paying him. This debacle got us thinking: which other authors get paid outrageous sums of money to speak at events? We can tell you that quite a few make loads more than Jonah Lehrer made. What do you think about speaking fees? Should authors be making this much just to talk? NEwS DESk

ASHLEY TISDALE I mean could it get any earlier? Starting #scarymovie5 re shoots today. Didn’t think we could make funnier but we r ;) #tooearly

Malcolm Gladwell (Author of Outliers and The Tipping Point) $80,000

DEEPAK CHOPRA Addiction is not getting enough of what you don’t want anymore #CosmicConsciousness

RUSSELL SIMMONS Every day set the simple goal of trying to be more awake and less distracted

SLASH

Just saw a couple interviewed on TV; the woman exclaimed that they had been together; 1400+ days, then the approximate hours. Wow. iiii]; )’

Doris Kearns Goodwin (Author of Team of Rivals and The Fitzgeralds and the Kennedy’s)

Mary Higgins Clark (author of A Stranger Is Watching and The Lost Years)

Neil Gaiman (Author of American Gods and The Graveyar d Book)

$45,000

Maya Angelou

$40,000

$50,000-$100,000

Junot Diaz (Author of The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao and This is How You Lose Her)

$100,000

$25,000-$50,000

JK Rowling (Author of Harry Potter and The Causal Vacancy)

John Grisham (Author of The Racketeer and The Litigators) $35,000-$50,000

Dickens made this for 76 U.S. readings (THINK about how much that would be with inflation!!!)

$50,000-$100,000

With critics mauling the Die Hard series’ fifth installment, Bruce Willis talks to GQ about movie violence, struggling actors, and his return to light drinking, Huffington Post reports. The 57-year-old—once a promoter of Seagram’s Golden Wine Coolers before going sober in 1988—has eased up on the sobriety thing: “Once I realized that I wasn’t gonna run myself off the pier of life with alcohol, drinking vodka out of the bottle every day ... I have wine now, mostly when I eat.” In other excerpts: “[My goal right now is] to keep it looking lifelike,” he says. “In the past few months, I’ve read a lot about Old Hollywood— Gary Cooper, Cary Grant, Spencer Tracy, Audrey Hepburn, William Holden. Every story is that everyone was struggling. Everyone was flailing wildly. And it’s kind of reassuring.” On whether movie violence leads to the real thing: “I recently heard one of my fellow actors say it in three words: ‘Just shut up.’ Just go silent,” he says. “Maybe it’s being older. ... I once thought that somehow, with this job, also comes the inherent right to say whatever the f—k I want regardless of whether I’m right or wrong or think that anybody needs to hear it or should hear it.” (Willis apparently leans right politically.) NEwS DESk

$100,000+


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INFOTAINMENT Tuesday, 19 February, 2013

The best way to find out if you can trust somebody is to trust them. –Ernest Hemingway

Woman delivers 10-pound baby after going to hospital for hernia

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smoking synthetic marijuana may damage kidneys A new report links the use of synthetic cannabinoids, which are sold under the names of “synthetic marijuana,” “Spice” and “K2,” with kidney damage. Sixteen cases of acute kidney injury were reported in 2012 in six states after people smoked the synthetic marijuana, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report out today. The patients became sick within days and sometimes even hours after smoking. Their symptoms included nausea and vomiting as well as abdominal and flank pain. They were found to be in various stages of kidney failure. The cases were reported in Kansas, New York, Oklahoma, Oregon, Rhode Island and Wyoming. Synthetic cannabinoids are designer drugs dissolved in a solvent, applied to plant material and then smoked. They can mimic the effects of THC, the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. Even though the products are often sold as incense and labelled “Not for consumption,” some people still smoke them as an alternative to marijuana. NEwS DESk

NEWS DESK

INDA Ackley went to Allegiance Health Friday morning thinking she had a hernia. By Friday night, she gave birth to a 10-pound baby. “Some people have nine months to prepare. I had (15) hours,” her husband, Mike, told the Jackson Citizen Patriot on Monday. Unaware of her pregnancy until the day she delivered, Linda Ackley, 44, of Summit Township underwent an emergency C-section on Friday. Kimberly Kay Ackley, the couple’s first child, was born at 11:20 p.m. She is normal and healthy, and weighed 10 pounds, 1 ounce, Mike and Linda Ackley said. The girl and her mother were discharged from the hospital Monday afternoon. Linda Ackley’s sister, Rosie Konopka, 48, of Jackson, drove them, and stopped at the Jackson County Courthouse, where Mike Ackley, 45, works as a security guard. A stream of employees came to catch a glimpse of the girl. They called her beautiful, admired her tiny features and cooed about her full head of dark hair. Mike Ackley proudly carried her about the hallways. “She is our miracle baby,” said Linda Ackley, who never thought she could have children. Two years ago, she had an infection and significant abdominal surgery. Her survival alone was a blessing. When she first told Mike Ackley the news of their baby, her eyes were filled with tears, her husband said. It is good he was sitting, she said. “I wish someone would have taken a picture of my face,” Mike Ackley said. Calling the development surprising seems inadequate, he said. “That doesn’t even come close.” Last week, Linda Ackley went to the doctor because she had

US researchers have effectively given laboratory rats a “sixth sense” using an implant in their brains. An experimental device allowed the rats to “touch” infrared light - which is normally invisible to them. The team at Duke University fitted the rats with an infrared detector wired up to microscopic electrodes that were implanted in the part of their brains that processes tactile information. The results of the study were published in Nature Communications journal. The researchers say that, in theory at least, a human with a damaged visual cortex might be able to regain sight through a device implanted in another part of the brain. Lead author Miguel Nicolelis said this was the first time a brainmachine interface has augmented a sense in adult animals. The experiment also shows that a new sensory input can be interpreted by a region of the brain that normally does something else (without having to “hijack” the function of that brain region). “We could create devices sensitive to any physical energy,” said Prof Nicolelis, from the Duke University Medical Center in Durham, North Carolina. NEwS DESk

tracted necrotizing fasciitis, a bacterial infection that attacks soft tissue. Mike Ackley thought she was having a stroke. Her blood-sugar level was far above normal and her immune system was shutting down, Linda Ackley wrote under the heading “Survivors” on the National Necrotizing Fasciitis Foundation website. She had diabetes, doctors determined, and she spent about a week in a coma and on a ventilator. Some of the muscles in her stomach had to be removed. Doctors did not think she would live, Mike Ackley said. “God wanted me here for something,” Linda Ackley said. Looking back, she said she confused the baby’s movements for expanding and contracting muscles and twitching nerves caused by her surgery. It never occurred to her she was pregnant, she said. Her menstrual periods always have

white House expected to propose study of human brain NEWS DESK

lab rats ‘acquire sixth sense’

some bloating in her abdomen. Believing she might have a hernia, the doctor sent her to an Allegiance Health facility for a computerized tomography or CT scan. The scan revealed she was pregnant. She would deliver in three to four weeks, medical professionals at first told the Ackleys. After a second ultrasound, however, the couple learned Linda Ackley had carried the baby a full term, 40 or more weeks. The hospital scheduled a Csection. “I was happy and shocked at the same time, and scared,” Mike Ackley said. He and his wife have been married for 24 years. They met at Jackson High School and became a couple when he was a junior and she was a sophomore. They never thought children were possible; they had not taken measures to protect against pregnancy and the babies never came. In February 2011, Linda Ackley con-

The Obama administration is planning a decade-long scientific effort to examine the workings of the human brain and build a comprehensive map of its activity, seeking to do for the brain what the Human Genome Project did for genetics. The project will include federal agencies, foundations, and teams of neuroscientists and nanoscientists in a concerted effort to advance the knowledge of the brain’s billions of neurons and gain greater insights into perception, actions and, ultimately, consciousness. Scientists also see it as a way to develop technology to understand diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s and find therapies for a variety of mental illnesses. Moreover, the project holds potential to pave the way for advances in artificial intelligence. The project, which could cost billions of dollars, is expected to be part of the president’s budget proposal next month. Four scientists and representatives of research institutions said they participated in planning for what is called the Brain Activity Map project. The details are not final, and it is not clear how much federal money would be proposed. In his State of the Union address, President Obama cited brain research as an example of how the government should ‘‘invest in the best ideas.’’ Story C. Landis, director of the National Institute of Neurological Disorders

and Stroke, said that when she heard Obama’s speech, she thought he was referring to an existing project to map the static human brain. ‘‘But he wasn’t,’’ she said. ‘‘He was referring to a new project to map the active human brain.” Francis S. Collins, director of the National Institutes of Health, may have inadvertently confirmed the plan when he wrote in a Twitter message: ‘‘Obama mentions the #NIH Brain Activity Map in #SOTU.’’ A spokesman for the White House declined to comment. The initiative, if successful, could help lift the economy. ‘‘The Human Genome Project was on the order of about $300 million a year for a decade,’’ said George M. Church, a Harvard University molecular

biologist who helped create that project and said he was helping to plan the Brain Activity Map project. ‘‘If you look at the total spending in neuroscience and nanoscience that might be relative to this today, we are already spending more than that. We probably won’t spend less money, but we will probably get a lot more bang for the buck.’’ Scientists involved in the planning said they hoped that federal financing would be more than $300 million a year. The Human Genome Project cost $3.8 billion. It was begun in 1990 and its goal, the mapping of all the genes in human DNA, was achieved ahead of schedule, in April 2003. A federal study of the impact of the project indicated that it returned $800 billion by 2010. The advent of technology that allows scientists to identify firing neurons in the brain has led to numerous research projects. Yet the brain remains one of the greatest scientific mysteries. But nanotechnologists and neuroscientists say they believe that technologies are at hand to make it possible to gain a more complete understanding of the brain, and less intrusively. In June in the journal Neuron, six scientists proposed new approaches for mapping the brain. One possibility is to build a complete model map of brain activity by creating fleets of molecule-size machines to noninvasively act as sensors to measure and store brain activity. However, some scientists say understanding the human brain presents a drastically more significant challenge than mapping the genome.

been irregular. She was not in pain and did not notice significant weight gain. At the hospital, she and her husband made phone calls, informing family members of the pending birth of their first-born. All were in disbelief. They called it a joke, Mike Ackley said. “Who can make this up?” Konopka at first thought maybe Linda Ackley hid the pregnancy, but Linda Ackley is too honest to keep such a secret, to spin such a tale. Her excitement would have blown it, she said. “They always wanted children,” said Konopka, who has two daughters, a son and four grandchildren. The couple is good with them and others. “So, I am so glad they have one of their own,” she said. Just last month, Konopka and Linda Ackley, two of four sisters, lost their mother, Sandra Linabury, to cancer, and Kimberly shares Linabury’s middle name. Her birth brings joy at what has been a sad time, they said, sitting near the courthouse entrance. As all the number of wellwishers dwindled, they prepared to go home for the first time. The apartment is not prepared; for years it has been occupied by only the Ackleys and their pets, but plenty of people are offering help. They have been getting donations and gifts from family members and others. Kimberly was bundled Monday in a car seat given to the Ackleys by a cousin. Clothing Carousel, a consignment shop on Franklin Street, donated two bags of clothes. There will be other adjustments, too. “I got to get used to saying mommy,” Linda Ackley said, and told her husband how odd it felt to recently make an appointment for “her daughter.” Kimberly already has a “mommy’s little miracle” T-shirt. Mike Ackley is feeling fortunate. There have been two extraordinary events in two years. “First my wife came back to me, and now, I have a baby girl.”

nasa puts $5m towards asteroid detection A Hawaii scientist’s ATLAS project would find asteroids a day or more before impact. In the wake of a meteor exploding over Russia, Hawaii’s KHON is reporting on a NASA investment in a system for early asteroid detection. Currently called the Asteroid Terrestrial-impact Last Alert System (ATLAS), it is being developed by Dr. John Tonry at the University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy. “It’s gonna involve small telescopes about the size of a good garbage can, but very wide fields of view and the intent is to basically scan the whole sky a couple times a night and that makes it possible for things to sneak through,” Tonry said. Nonetheless, if ATLAS were up and running it would have provided about a day’s warning to the people in Chelyabinsk, where a meteor shattered windows, collapsed a factory wall, and left hundreds injured. NASA has approved $5 million of funding for ATLAS. Using ATLAS, says Tonry, “We can say it will be exactly such and so a position to within a mile and it’ll happen at exactly such and such a time within a second.” Asteroids the size of the Russian meteor fall to earth about once a year, but we do not always see them because they hit remote locations. “It struck me that there was this kind of hole, that this imminent impacter risk is real and it comes from very small things,” said Tonry. The Chelyabinsk meteor was travelling at about 33,000 miles per hour (53,000 kilometres per hour) and exploded with the force of an atomic bomb though it was at least 18 miles (29 kilometres) off the ground. There is currently no available information from NASA as to when the ATLAS would begin operations, but it’s comforting to know that it was already in development. NEwS DESk


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SPorTS Tuesday, 19 February, 2013

afghanistan board seeks India’s support

Congratulations to Astha Lekar on an outstanding career. Perfect way to finish with another ODI World Cup win. – Glenn McGrath

PakIstan GaIn In Icc rankInGs desPIte loss ASAD SHAFIQ IS THE BIGGEST MOVER INSIDE THE TOP 50 IN THE LATEST PLAYER RANKINGS LAHORE

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The Afghanistan Cricket Board has sought the help of the Indian board to develop cricket in the country. Officials from the ACB met BCCI representatives in Mumbai on Sunday to discuss how the Indian board could support Afghanistan cricket. “We had a good meeting with BCCI honorary secretary (Sanjay Jagdale) and general manager for game development (Ratnakar Shetty),” Shahzada Masoud, the ACB chairman, said. “It’s in the initial stage. We want to build up good relations with BCCI. We want help to develop technical staff, coaches, umpires, scorers and video analysts.” Also present at the meeting held at the Cricket Club of India was ACB’s high performance programme manager, Basheer Stanekzai. “We are preparing a new Under-19 team as the last World Cup team is over-aged.” he said. “We have selected a 20-member squad. We are working on it and preparing for the ACC (Asian Cricket Council) Under-19 Cup to be held in Malaysia from May 1 to 12. That’s the qualification round for the next U-19 World Cup. We need good coaches, especially in terms of batting.” The meeting comes a week after Afghanistan coach Kabir Khan called on the BCCI to do more to help Afghanistan cricket, highlighting England’s support for their neighbouring Associate nations. SpoRtS DESk

AKISTAN players have gained in the Reliance ICC Test Player Rankings despite suffering defeat against South Africa. Younis Khan, who scored 111 and 14, has returned to the top 10 in ninth spot after rising two places while Azhar Ali’s total aggregate of 69 runs has earned him 11th spot. Asad Shafiq, however, is the biggest mover inside the top 50 in the latest player rankings. The 27-year-old from Karachi, who scored 111 and 19, has jumped 12 places to join England’s Ian Bell in 16th position. Asad is now Pakistan’s fourth batsman inside the top 20 as Misbah-ul-Haq is in 12th position (down by two). South Africa’s Robin Peterson, who scored a crucial 84 in the first innings, has rocketed 44 places to claim 100th position. Faf du Plessis in 33rd (up by one place), Vernon Philander in 85th

(up by three places) and Dean Elgar in 86th (up by six places) are the other home side batsmen to make upward movements. Hashim Amla, who scored 25 and 58, has retained his number-one ranking while fourthranked AB de Villiers, who scored 61 and 36, has achieved a career-best rating to date of 851 to lead fifth placed Kumar Sangakkara by nine ratings points but still trails third-ranked Shivnarine Chanderpaul by 28 ratings points. Australia captain Michael Clarke remains second. In the Player Rankings for Test bowlers, Pakistan’s Saeed Ajmal has returned to the top three in third spot. Saeed had match figures of 10 for 147 for which he has been rewarded with 58 ratings points. This has given him a career-best rating to date

of 847 and also a jump of two places. Saeed now trails second-ranked Philander by 42 ratings points. Philander has collected 32 ratings points for his figures of five for 59 and four for 40. Dale Steyn is sitting on top of the tree, 18 ratings points ahead of his new ball partner. Pakistan’s Mohammad Irfan, who took three wickets in the first innings of the Cape Town Test, has entered the table in 95th position. In the ICC Test Player Rankings for all-rounders, Jacques Kallis has swapped places with Bangladesh’s Shakib Al Hasan, who reclaims the number one position. Victory in the Cape Town Test against Pakistan has guaranteed South Africa the number-one position on the ICC Test Championship table at the 1 April cut-off date

afghan cricketers to wear Hunt sports made kit

Sammy, Gayle rested for Zimbabwe odis SPORTS DESK Regular captain Darren Sammy and key batsman Chris Gayle have been rested by West Indies for the first two ODIs of their three-match home series against Zimbabwe. Allrounder Dwayne Bravo will lead the team in the matches, which are scheduled for February 22 and 24 in St George’s. Gayle, a WICB release said, had asked to skip the games, while it was decided that Sammy needed a break after playing in every match for West Indies over the past two years. The selectors are yet to name a vice-captain. Wicketkeeper Devon Thomas,

who travelled with West Indies to Australia for their just-concluded limited-overs series missed out, making way for Denesh Ramdin to return. Ramdin’s last ODI for West Indies was against New Zealand in July 2012, though he played the World Twenty20 and the Test series against Bangladesh that followed. Fast bowler Jason Holder was also left out, with the selectors going in for the extra spinner in left-armer Veerasammy Permaul who had a fine first-class game for Guyana against Leeward Islands last week, taking a match haul of 9 for 115. Devon Thomas had a poor series in Australia with the bat, totaling 48 in

and also a hefty prize purse of USD 450,000 for the achievement. None of South Africa’s closest rivals — England, Australia and India — now can overtake. South Africa had entered the series on 124 ratings points and only needed to draw the series to retain the Test mace. But victory in the Cape Town Test by four wickets means even if it loses the third and final Test at Centurion, it will still gain one ratings point and finish on 125 points, which will be more than sufficient to give it the top spot at the cut-off date irrespective of how the India-Australia and EnglandNew Zealand series pan out. If England wins all the three Tests against New Zealand, the maximum it can achieve is 119, while India can rise to as high as 112 if it defeats Australia 4-0 and Australia can move to 121 if it wins all four Tests against India. This is a significant increase in prize money, as, until last year, the side topping the Test or ODI Championship table received USD 175,000. While South Africa has sealed the number-one spot, the battle for second, third and fourth positions is still on, and is not only intense but close, as only 13 ratings points separate second-ranked England from fifth-ranked India. The side that claims second position at the 1 April cut-off date will earn USD 350,000 while the side finishing third will collect USD 250,000 and the side ending fourth will earn USD 150,000.

five ODIs. Holder had played only two of those games, claiming the wicket of Aaron Finch in both matches. Veteran batsman Ramnaresh Sarwan, who made a comeback on the Australian tour after a contentious 18-month absence from the team, retained his spot despite getting two ducks in three ODIs in Australia. Marlon Samuels, meanwhile, is still sidelined, currently recovering from the facial injury that he suffered at the Big Bash League after being struck in the face while facing Lasith Malinga. Following the ODI series, West Indies also host Zimbabwe in two Twenty20s and two Tests.

LAHORE: The Afghanistan Cricket Board has sign a three years contract with Hunt Sports under which their cricketers will wear cricket kit of the said company. The agreement was signed between the ACB officials and Hunt Sports at a local hotel on Monday. The signing ceremony was also attended by National cricket Academy coaches and Ali Zia while the entire visiting Afghanistan team was also present on the occasion. Mohammad Noor, CEO of Afghan cricket and Hunt Sports CEO Wasim Rauf signed the agreement. According to the deal the Afghan team will wear Pakistan Hunt Sports manufactured cricket kit in all international match and practice sessions. “We are happy to wear Pakistan manufactured cricket kit,” said Noor while Hunt Chief Executive said that a new chapter of friendship has opened between Pakistan and Afghanistan cricket. StAff REpoRt

misbah’s dismissal triggered collapse CAPE TOWN AGENCIES

Just as a captain is supposed to, Misbah-ulHaq went down with his ship, as Pakistan lost the Newlands Test in four days, and with it the series. He went as far as to say he was responsible for their downfall, a brave but necessary admission from a leader who should not bear all the blame but was willing to do so. On 114 for 3, Pakistan were 100 runs short of what many thought would have been a total challenging enough to be matchwinning. To get there, Misbah had to bat a while longer. He had no problems facing Robin Peterson and was sweeping with ease, until one went wrong. His mistake was that he top-edged to short fine-leg and he acknowledged it was a costly one. “That was the turning point. After that, the collapse started,” Misbah said of his dismissal. “We really blame ourselves. We made mistakes and we couldn’t afford to do

that.” Pakistan, however, had let themselves down long before Misbah’s second-innings dismissal. Allowing Robin Peterson to score 84 at No. 8 and take South Africa to within 12 runs of Pakistan’s first-innings total was what Graeme Smith regarded as most significant. “The way Robbie batted was pretty inspirational,” he said. “We knew that getting as close as we could to their total was going to be key.” A lack of adequate back up for Saeed Ajmal was Pakistan’s main problem and Tanvir Ahmed’s selection remained a mystery. Tanvir offered neither pace nor movement and, although his first-innings runs were valuable, he did not perform in the role he was selected for. Mohammed Hafeez was used too sparingly and brought on too late and as South Africa crept up on Pakistan, they erased the advantage. “The lead should have been 70 or 80 runs,” Misbah said. Although Pakistan began their second innings on level terms, mentally they were

behind, and then their openers departed in the space of two overs. “The third innings can be the toughest of the Test match,” Smith said. “You’ve got to make a play and if you are not positive enough the game can get you. That’s what happened to Pakistan.” Still, Pakistan entered day four with the opportunity to take control, especially with the knowledge that their nemesis, the new ball, was a session and more away. Their shot selection and decision making let them down though. Asad Shafiq lacked awareness when the ball bounced behind him and he didn’t know where it was until it had hit his off stump. Sarfraz Ahmed mysteriously left a Peterson delivery that spun back and bowled him, and Umar Gul chased a wide one. Feats such as bowling England out for 72 would have inspired Pakistan but Newlands is not the UAE - although Graeme Smith said conditions were “not ideal” for the home side - and South Africa are not England. Like the previous world

No.1 side, they struggled against Ajmal and had Pakistan set a higher target, Misbah expected the mindset would have been different. “Whenever you are chasing 250 in the last innings and Saeed Ajmal is on the opposition side, it is difficult,” Misbah

said. “And pressure is different when you are chasing 250 to when you are chasing 180. Ajmal really gave us a chance but we could not [put] pressure from both sides and runs were flowing. If we could have bowled more overs and restricted them, it might have been different.”


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It is eight years since Gunners manager Wenger was a serious challenger to Ferguson for the game’s great honours. The taste of glory seems like a distant memory now when that pair went toe-to-toe in epic encounters and title battles. – England legend Alan Shearer

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Pakistan were overawed by s africa’ PAKISTAN MUST BE MORE AGGRESSIVE,” SAYS FORMER CAPTAIN INZAMAM-UL-HAQ

PAKISTAN PLAYERS FACE FANS’ BACKLASH AFTER SA LOSS LAHORE: Pakistan’s shoddy performance in the first

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AKISTAN’S cricketers came under fire Monday after their series defeat in South Africa, with former players blaming the team’s timid approach for their loss in the second Test. South Africa, the number one ranked team in Test cricket, beat the visitors by four wickets in the Cape Town Test on Sunday to take an unassailable 2-0 lead in the three-match series. Former captain Inzamam-ul-Haq said Pakistan had looked overawed by the world’s top team. “This Pakistan team had the ability to beat South Africa but they seemed to be thinking a lot about their rival’s world number one status and that their bowling is very dangerous,” Inzamam said in a television interview. Pakistan lost the first Test in Johannesburg by 211 runs after crumbling to 49 all out in the first innings in the face of the hosts’ hostile pace bowling attack. Inzamam worked with the team as a “batting consultant” before their one-day tour of India in December and there were calls for him to be kept on permanently, though nothing came of them. “Pakistan must show more aggression in its approach,” said Inzamam, who hit an unbeaten 92 in Pakistan’s last Test win in South Africa in 2007. “What I saw was that a batsman scores 50 in 150 balls, that gives bowlers more domination. Once a batsman is set he should attack and score freely.”

Inzamam said Pakistan should have gone for the kill when they had South Africa wobbling at 164-6 in their first innings. Instead, spinner Robin Peterson hit a gutsy 84 to guide the hosts to 326, just 12 short of Pakistan’s first innings total of 338. Pakistan then collapsed from 147-4 to 169 all out in their second innings, setting a modest 182-run target. Pakistan were missing rising paceman Junaid Khan and another former captain, Rashid Latif, who said the batsmen needed to set a bigger total for the bowlers to defend. “It was a small

target and our pace attack had one debutant (Mohammad Irfan), one bowler staging a comeback after 18 months (Tanveer Ahmed) and one on the downslide of his career (Umar Gul),” said Latif. Latif backed captain Misbah-ul Haq to carry on but urged the Pakistan board to bring in Inzamam and fast bowling legends Wasim Akram and Waqar Younis as coaches. Former opener and ex-coach Mohsin Khan blamed the coaching staff, saying there was a lack of planning to target South Africa’s weaknesses.

two of three Tests has drawn the ire of fans and experts back home with former captain Fans welcomed them with Inzamam-ul-Haq saying the desired garlands when the Pakistan team aggression was missing. “Pakistan must returned from a successful tour of show more aggression in its approach. What India. Their reception from South I saw was that a batsman scores 50 in 150 Africa will surely not be anything balls, that gives bowlers more domination. remotely similar. In fact, defeat Once a batsman is set he should attack and against the Proteas has left score freely.” The visitors in Cape Town lost supporters and former players the second Test and conceded the series on fuming at Misbah-ul-Haq Sunday with yet another batting collapse. This and his men. after the team had crashed to its lowest Test total of 49, in the opening match. “We really blame ourselves. We made mistakes and we couldn’t afford to do that. My wicket was the turning point. After that, the collapse started,” said skipper Misbah after the defeat. Accepting the blame for the 4-wicket loss will clearly not suffice for the fans who earlier last month celebrated the ODI success of the team against arch-rivals India. The loss triggered comments which attack both the selection process as well as the intention of working hard to avoid defeat. “Why would you drop performing players and bring in team players who are unable to make runs and take wickets?” read one such comment. “(Mohammad) Hafeez has hardly batted, he has hardly bowled. Same with Nasir (Jamshed). 2 test is enough to show class.” While Hafeez has managed just 25 runs from four innings with a best of 17, his opening partner has fared better but only slightly. Jamshed has scored 51 so far with a best of 46 in the second innings of the first Test. Misbah however also reminded that South Africa is the number 1 Test team in the world, a fact that Inzamam said played heavily on the minds of Pakistan. “This Pakistan team had the ability to beat South Africa but they seemed to be thinking a lot about their rival’s world number one status and that their bowling is very dangerous,” he said. Sections of fans also agreed that it was all about the difference in the playing style and the approach. “The difference between two teams is the line and length of the fast bowlers of both the teams. The selectors selected the misfits for the encounter,” read a comment on Nation.com. Performance on foreign soil continues to be the only parameter with which this team can be judged as security concerns continue to keep international matches out of Pakistan. “ While the recent defeats have been embarrassing for the team, there have been the isolated performances which have been praised. StAff REpoRt

senior hockey coach passes away

Pacy mohammad irfan stands out

LAHORE: Pakistan sports Boards senior hockey coach, Faiz Mustafa Rizvi, died on Monday due to brain haemorrhage was laid to rest in his native town Multan. Late Faiz who left behind a widow joined Pakistan Sports Board in October 2012 as Senior Hockey Coach. He was Master Degree holder. Earlier, he served 09 year as hockey umpire, Sports Officer for 10 year in different Institutions and 15 year as Hockey Coach/Chief Coach of PHF at Multan. Meanwhile all the officers and staff of Pakistan Sports Board assembled at Media Centre ,Pakistan Sports Board, Islamabad and offered fateha for the departed soul..They prayed to Allah Almighty that the departed soul may may rest in eternal peace and grant them courage and patience to bear this irreparable loss. StAff REpoRt

Whatever the outcome of the third Test between South Africa and Pakistan at Centurion, Misbah-ul-Haq’s men can leave knowing they gave a good account of themselves. At Newlands, Younis Khan and Asad Shafiq posted the highest partnership by an opposition team in South Africa in seven years, Saeed Ajmal took ten wickets in a match to show his ability as the world’s best spinner and Pakistan provided South Africa with their first real challenge of the home summer. Besides that, the impact of Mohammad Irfan will have left a lasting impression. Having watched the seven-footer perform in the ODIs in India, the cricketing public could not wait to see him with red ball in hand. The Wanderers seemed the perfect venue. With a pitch that would offer bounce and carry surely Irfan would be a trump card. Pakistan held him back. Instead, Rahat Ali made his debut, a disappointing one in which he went wicket-less in 25 fairly expensive overs. Misbah-ul-Haq confirmed there was temptation to play Irfan but that the team management felt he still had some development to do before he could be considered ready. In the tour match before the first Test, Irfan couldn’t keep the runs down. Word from the South African invitation side that played against him was that he was imposing but erratic. Some of them said once they got used to the physical presence they were confronted with, he was not too difficult to get away. Adjusting to the fuller length was an obvious challenge. But in the practice game after the Wanderers Test, Irfan came into his own. His opposition was a mixture of players from South Africa’s second-tier first-class tournament (the provincial domestic

U16 hockey trials postponed LAHORE: The open trials to select the U-16 Boys scheduled to be held today, Monday at Hockey Club of Pakistan Stadium Karachi has been postponed due to unavoidable circumstances. Now the Trials to select U-16 probables will be held at the same venue on February 22-23 ,said a spokesman of Pakistan Hockey Federation here. U-16 Boys who were born on or after 1stJanuary 1997 are directed to bring with them following documents as a proof of their age credentials:,NADRA ‘B’ Form Original Union Council Birth Certificate and Photocopies of CNIC of Parents. StAff REpoRt

CAPE TOWN AGENCIES

competition not the franchise one) but he showed he means business. He was restrictive and incisive with 7 for 40 in the match and speculation was rife that he had earned a Test debut. Before the Newlands match, Misbah said Irfan had become better in his followup spells which had been a specific area of concern. With Rahat failing to make an impact at the Wanderers and Juniad Khan an injury doubt, Irfan was certain to feature and there was much anticipation when his name appeared in the starting XI. Graeme Smith’s decision to field first meant interested parties still had to wait to see Irfan and his first appearance was made with bat in hand. Immediately, he

stood out. Next to the fielders he was a giant, next to his own team-mates the same but it seemed he was a gentle one as he tried to slog Robin Peterson in ungainly fashion and was eventually bowled. His bowling appearance took even longer because he was not given the new ball. His first-innings performance was all but forgotten when Saeed Ajmal started the procession of South African wickets and the spotlight was almost completely off Irfan. But he grabbed some of it. His first Test wicket was the soft dismissal of AB de Villiers who was caught at mid-on. Irfan did not show child-like glee but responded to his success in a measured,

mature fashion, befitting a 30-year-old. The only comedy was his team-mates jumping up to high-five him. He came into his own as the match went on and was given the new ball in the second innings. South Africa’s batsmen all said it was “pretty terrifying,” to face him at first. What they also noted was that he was much quicker than they expected and regularly breached the 140kph mark when they thought he was around mid-130s. Although not a quick bowlers’ surface, with no swing on offer and nowhere near the steep bounce that can be expected on South Africa’s Highveld. But Irfan have a solid account of himself which Dav Whatmore was happy with, even though there are some things to work on, as there are with many rookies. His run-up is the biggest one after he overstepped eight times, once for a wickettaking ball, and was spoken to for running on the pitch. Whatmore dismissed the second of those as being due to “big feet,” and overall said Irfran’s showing satisfied him. “He tried pretty hard,” Whatmore said. “It was his first Test match and the conditions didn’t suit him but he showed he has something.” The something will be seen more clearly at Centurion. That is the ground South Africa usually prepare to assist the quicks and where they have recorded innings wins over India and Sri Lanka in the last two seasons. They may think twice about doing that this time around given the threat Irfan could pose. It may give him an opportunity to perform to his full capabilities which South Africa may not like but the cricketing world definitely will. “He is a hard working cricketer,” Mohammad Akram, Pakistan’s bowling coach, said. “The only words out of his mouth are “I love bowling,” and I think not only Pakistan, but the world will enjoy his bowling.” On the evidence of his first Test, it certainly seems that way.


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The difference between German and English football is that in Germany you can’t foul. You are not allowed to touch anyone in Germany, so [Kagawa] has come from that environment to the Premier League which is totally different. – Sir Alex Ferguson

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wAtCh It LIve ESPN SPORTS CENTER 08:00PM

STAR CRICKET BANGLADESH PREMIER LEAGUE 06:30PM

TENSPORTS WOMEN’S HOCKEY: JAPAN V KAZAKHSTAN 05:30PM

TENSPORTS UEFA: FC PORTO V MALAGA 11:30PM

Pakistan team selected for Uae kabaddi league LAHORE: The Selection Committee of Pakistan Kabaddi Federation has on Mnday selected 14 players after trials at the Jinnah Stadium Pakistan Sports Complex Islamabad. The selected team will be participating in the 1st Kabaddi Premier League (Cup) scheduled from Feb 28 to March 03 at Sharjah Stadium, Sharjah UAE. The selection committee chaired by Col. Qaiser Mustafa, selected the following players. The team: Muhammad Irfan, Musharraf Javed Captain, Imtiaz Alam, Muhammad Sajjad, Babar Waseem (Gujjar), Afzal Bajwa, Muhammad Shafique Chisti, Muhammad Mansha, Abaidullah, Muhammad Aslam, Akhtar Khan, Khalil Ahmed, Shafique Ahmad Butt and Saifullah. StAff REpoRt

ImIo JaPan to sPonsor mtfc LAHORE: International entrepreneur from Japan has visited Model Town Football Academy (MTFC), Model Town Lahore to assess the possibilities of sponsoring Youth Football Academies for the promotion of football in Pakistan. The IMIO Company is a Tokyo-based enterprise having a brand name SAFIDA. They are collaborating in Lahore with Arif Raheem of SMMAR International. This company will start its operation in Lahore and this Japan based Company will sponsor the Model Town Football Academy. Keisdhiro, CEO IMIO Corporation said that collaboration with Arif Rahim will help to develop the emerging talent in Pakistan. IMIO Corporation will help MTFC to promote the football in Pakistan. StAff REpoRt

Wapda leads national cycling LAHORE: WAPDA got top position in the 60th National Cycling Championship on the third day when three events were contested. In 1 KM Time Trial, 4 KM Individual Pursuit and 4 KM Team pursuit Wapda held first position. On Tuesday, the events of 1000M Sprint, 1 KM Team sprint, Elimination Race will be organized and closing ceremony will be held at 3.00 p.m. at Cycling Velodrome and Mr.Shaukat Javed Former Inspector General of Police, President Pakistan Federation Baseball will be the Chief Guest of the occasion. The results: 1 KM Time trial: Sabir WAPDA 1:13.77, Shakeel Punjab and Ahsan HEC 4KM Individual pursuit: Sabir WAPDA 5:12.65, Ahsan HEC and Shakeel Punjab. 4KM Team pursuit: Wapda 5:01.10, Punjab and HEC. StAff REpoRt

laHore: nida arshad of shadbagh college lifts 120 kgs in deadlift in the heavywight category to win her team top honour in the open Men and Women Powerlifting championship.

azarenka ends losing streak against serena Williams DOHA

nadal wins first title since comeback

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Defending champion Victoria Azarenka beat Serena Williams 7-6 (6), 2-6, 6-3 to win the Qatar Open on Sunday, earning her 16th title and ending a 10-match losing streak against the American. Azarenka will give up the No. 1 ranking to the second-ranked Williams on Monday, but extended her current winning streak to 14 matches, which included her second Australian Open title. More importantly, she may have turned around what has been a one-sided rivalry against Williams. Azarenka had not beaten Williams since 2009 in Miami, and had a 111 record against the American going into Sunday’s final. “It feels incredible,” Azarenka said. “You know, this tournament is really great. ... It had such a strong field going into it, and I’m really glad that in the end of the week I’m the one who’s holding the trophy.” Azarenka broke to go up 2-1 when an erratic Williams hit one of her four double-faults in the first set, but the American ensured it was back on serve after eight games. Williams struggled with her first serve throughout the first set and hit 26 unforced errors, but still had a set point at 6-5 in the tiebreaker. However, she hit a poor forehand into the net, and Azarenka then converted her first set point with a great return. Williams dominated the second set with her powerful serve and forehand, while Azarenka could only hit 39 per cent of her first serves. Azarenka fell behind 0-30 in the first game of the decider but recovered and took a 3-0 lead. Williams then saved a match point at 5-2 to stay in the match, but Azarenka clinched the win on her next service game when Williams hit a forehand wide. Williams praised Azarenka’s performance but insisted she still wasn’t at her best. Struggling at times with a cold and still nursing a right-ankle injury that bothered her at the Australian Open, Williams appeared sluggish in early-round matches and needed three sets to beat Petra Kvitova in the quarterfinals. She made 48 errors against Azarenka and converted only three of her seven break points. “This whole week, I just don’t think I played my best tennis, and I was fighting

every match,” she said. “I can’t play that quality game against a top player like Victoria. I have to be able to pick up my game, and I wasn’t able to do that today. I stayed at a two out of a 10, and I can’t play that low.” Williams had won her last eight finals. Still, she took comfort in the fact that she is returning to the No. 1 ranking for the first time in nearly two-and-a-half years. She becomes the oldest player to hold that title, breaking the mark previously held by Chris Evert, who was No. 1 in 1985 just shy of her 31st birthday. “I’m definitely not happy, but I’m No. 1,” she said, smiling. “It was such a long journey, and after winning

Wimbledon and the U.S. Open and the (WTA) Championships, I thought, ‘I just don’t think I can win any more. I don’t know what it takes to be No. 1.’ “So it was awesome to come here and achieve that goal.” But with Azarenka’s win on Sunday, Williams’ stay atop the rankings may last only one week. Azarenka can reclaim the top spot in Dubai next week if she reaches the final and Williams does not. But the rivalry doesn’t seem to prevent the players from getting along off the court, as they laughed and chatted about the upcoming Academy Awards after the trophy ceremony.

Spaniard Nadal, an 11-times Grand Slam champion, suffered a surprise defeat to world number 73 Horacio Zeballos last week after reaching the final in Chile. That was his first tournament since a knee injury ruled him out of the US Open and Australian Open last year, but the world number five went one better in his second outing by easily beating the 31-year-old Argentina Nalbandian. It was Nalbandian’s first final since he was disqualified for kicking a line judge while a set up in the Queen’s Club title match last June. He is now 11-13 in finals, although this was his first on clay since losing the 2008 Acapulco final to Nicolas Almagro. The former world number one, playing only his second tournament following his return from injury, broke Nalbandian twice in the first set and recovered from 3-0 down in the second to win in 78 minutes. It was Nadal’s 51st ATP Tour title, and his fifth win against Nalbandian in seven matches. Nadal, who said he still suffers pain in his troublesome knees, has chosen to return to action on the clay courts he favours as he tries to work his way back to match fitness. “When the knee hurts I can’t move properly,” Nadal said. “And if I can’t move properly, I can’t hit the ball cleanly. “When my knee gets better, the tennis will get better, the head (will get better), everything will get better. Today was the day I felt best on court.” Although he was clearly a long way from his best, Nadal showed the same swashbuckle that took him to the top of the game. In a reference to his first title in Brazil in 2005, the year he burst on to the world scene, he said he hoped this win would mark a new beginning for him. “Brazil will always be in my heart, this is the second time I have been here,” he told fans after the game. SpoRtS DESk

aisam continues stop War start tennis tour AISAM-UL-HAQ QURESHI PLEDGES 10 TENNIS WHEELCHAIRS TO THE SRI LANKA TENNIS ASSOCIATION COLOMBO AGENCIES

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ITH visits to Kabul, Afghanistan and Colombo, Sri Lanka, Pakistan’s ace Aisam-Ul-Haq Qureshi continues to spread his message of peace through tennis. Recently, Qureshi was invited as a keynote speaker by the United Nations of Crime and Drug Prevention to Kabul for an annual conference labelled the Kabul Regional Event: The impact of illicit drugs on society in Afghanistan and neighbouring countries. Qureshi was asked to speak about his message of peace through sport and the benefits of learning to play tennis in ‘at-risk’ zones. “It was my first visit to Afghanistan,” says Qureshi. “I was amazed at all the activity but as you move around the city you quickly notice just how much needs

to be done. The war in Afghanistan has created a lot of displaced people, orphans and street crime. I know that the idea of starting tennis in war zones sounds crazy, but just maybe our sport can help improve and save lives.” In addition to speaking at the UNOCD Conference, Qureshi visited with the Afghanistan Tennis Association to discuss implementing a wheelchair tennis program for the nation’s many amputees. Moving from one war zone to another, Qureshi arrived in Sri Lanka, a country that has suffered from civil war. Qureshi

visited with the Sri Lanka Wheelchair Tennis Association in Colombo and joined the players in a practice. The players are soldiers who became amputees during the decades old conflict between the Sri Lankan government and the Tamil Rebels. “I don’t believe that sports and politics should get mixed up,” says Qureshi. “I try to stay out of that, but what I do believe is that we can erase negative stereotypes and reduce racial discrimination by playing sports together. I have to say that I was very impressed with what Sri Lanka has done with their amputees through

wheelchair tennis. In addition, the amputees also serve as referees and linesmen for ITF events.” Afterwards there was a question and answer session regarding Stop War Start Tennis: Lessons From The Tennis Tour. Through his foundation which recently received an ATP Aces For Charity Grant, Qureshi pledged 10 tennis wheelchairs to the Sri Lanka Tennis Association. Qureshi’s mission is to raise funds to grant 100 tennis adapted wheelchairs to projects around the world this year.


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Jet lag can only mean one thing. Fire up that Nespresso machine and start knocking out those emails which are a week late. – Maria Sharapova

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Aibak Cup Polo from today at LPC LAHORE StAff REpoRt

The country’s one of the most prestigious polo tournament, the Bank Alfalah Aibak Cup, will saddle off from Tuesday here at Lahore Polo Club. Addressing a press conference here at the Lahore Polo Lounge, Lahore Polo Club PresidentAbdul Haye Mehta said that five foreign players are part of the participating teams. He said the event has its own significance as high goal handicap players from three countries will show case their talent providing the local players to lift the level of their game besides making the

competition competitive and thrilling. “At a time when foreign teams are not coming to Pakistan owing to security concerns the participation of foreign players will help in enhancing the image of our country as a suitable venue to organize elite sports events,” said LPC Chief. He praised the role of Bank Alfalah for patronizing polo on regular basis and said their contribution will go a long way in further promoting polo which is a historic sport and is a part of Pakistan culture and history. “It is the fifth consecutive year that Bank Alfalah are sponsoring a high goal tournament and their association with

LPC is growing with each passing day “,he said adding “ With such useful support from them we have been able to expand the span of our activities by organizing high profile polo tournaments in a successful manner,” Abdul Haye said efforts are being made to organize polo and its allied activities round the year at LPC by adding different attractions and competitions. Santiago Mendivil, Gaston Moore, Manual Crespo are from Argentina, James Harper is from England and Matias Vial Perez is from Chile and their participation will be an added attraction for the lovers of the game, said LPC Chief. He said LPC is giving special

emphasis on having regular activities at its riding school which is serving as a pipe line to produce future polo players. “ Scores of children are attending our school and by that way we are striving to enlarge the base of polo in which youth is taking interest to take it up as a sport “,he said. The teams: Pool A: Colony Sugar: Hamza Mawaz Khan, Sameer Habib Oberoi, Saqib Khan Khakwani, Matias Vial Perez. Diamond Paints: Mir Shoaib Ahmad, Shaukat Ali Malik, James Harper, Raja Samiullah. Pool B: Polo Da Sufi: Sufi Muhammad Amir, Sufi Muhammad Hairs, Gaston Moore, Shah Qubilai Alam.

PAF: Wing Comd, Nausher Khan, Ahmed Ali Tiwana, Santiago Mendivil, Atif Yar Tiwana. Army-Coke: Abdul Rehman Monnoo,Raja Temur Nadeem, Maj Gen Isfandiyar Ali Khan and .Manuel Crespo. Schedule: Feb 19: Colony Sugar vs Diamond Paint, Masters Paints vs PAF Feb 20: Rest day Feb 21: Colony Sugar vs Diamond Paints, winner of match 1st vs Army , Feb 22: loser of 1st match vs army. Feb 23: Rest Day Feb 24: The main final and the subsidiary final.


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Tuesday, 19 February, 2013

mqm applies for opposition benches in sindh assembly

Failure to crack down on militants led to Hazara killings: HRCP

LAHORE INp

KARACHI AftAb CHANNA

Amid shutdown and protests against the bombing on Hazara community in Quetta, politics in the provincial capital remained intense on Monday as the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM), which recently parted ways with the ruling Pakistan People’s Party (PPP), filed an application for the allotment of opposition benches in the Sindh Assembly. Interestingly, Sindh Assembly (SA) Speaker Nisar Khuhro hinted that the opposition leader in the assembly would be from the MQM, which recently announced quitting the federal as well as provincial governments in an abrupt manner – a move considered by political experts as “pre-planned”. After parting ways with the PPP, the MQM leadership met the Pakistan Muslim League-Functional (PML-F) leadership, which requested the former that it should support their leader – MPA Nusrat Sehar Abbasi – for the slot of opposition leader,

besides withdrawing the controversial Local Government Act 2012. However, the filing of application by the MQM and the hint by the SA speaker clear reflect that the opposition leader would be from the MQM despite the fact that the PML-F had been trying to get the opposition benches for the last couple of weeks. The MQM delegation, headed by parliamentary leader Sardar Ahmed and Dr Saghir Ahmed, handed over the applications to the SA speaker and secretary, seeking allotment of the opposition benches. The speaker asked them to meet him at his residence on Tuesday to discuss future course of action. Meanwhile, leaders of the PML-F and the National People’s Party (NPP) headed by Jam Madad Ali also visited the SA speaker, seeking allotment of opposition benches. Talking to journalists, the speaker said that he had called the PML-F to verify the signatures of the opposition members for their candidate for opposition leader, Nusrat Sehar Abbasi. However, Khuhro

added that the MQM had a large number of members in the assembly as compared to Abbasi, who had only ten supporters. As per rules, MQM would be given the slot of opposition leader however the whole picture would be uncovered in the coming days. The PML-F was delayed the allotment of opposition benches as Abbasi had approached the court, which had referred the matter to the speaker, Khuhro added. According to Khawaja Izharul Haq, the MQM ministers have vacated their offices and they have also returned their official vehicles. Dr Sagheer Ahmed said that his party would play an effective role in the opposition. PML-F’s Jam Madad Ali said that it was MQM’s right to sit on opposition benches due to its majority in the Sindh Assembly, however, it should support Abbasi for opposition leader on moral grounds. The PML-F had filed the application a month ago and the MQM should extend support to his party’s member for becoming the opposition leader, he added.

The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) on Monday condemned the killing of over 89 Hazara Shias in Quetta on Saturday and slammed the authorities’ failure to crack down on Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, the militant outfit which openly claimed responsibility for attacking the persecuted community. In a statement issued on Monday, the commission said it was at a loss for words at this latest catastrophe to befall the long-suffering Hazaras of Balochistan. “What happened in Quetta on Saturday highlights the consequences of the government’s failure to crack down on known militant outfits,” he said. It said the people were entitled to ask what steps, if any, had been taken after the deadly attack against Quetta’s Hazaras last month “in order to bring to justice the ruthless killers who had the audacity to claim responsibility again and again for their ghastly actions”. The government should explain how the governor’s rule had contributed to protecting the Hazaras or improving the law and order in Balochistan in general. “The people of Pakistan had an expectation, however misplaced it might seem today, of the government safeguarding their lives from those who perpetuate violence in the name of faith,” the statement further said.

President confirms three judges for sindh High court ISLAMABAD App

President Asif Ali Zardari on Monday confirmed nomination of Justice Nisar Muhammad Shaikh, Justice Nadeem Akhtar and Justice Muhammad Shafi Siddiqui as permanent judges of the Sindh High Court. President’s spokesman Farhatullah Babar said the president took the decision on the advice of the prime minister. He said the Parliamentary Committee on Judges Appointment in Superior Courts considered the above nominations, received from Judicial Commission of Pakistan, on February 7 and 11. He said the Parliamentary Committee unanimously confirmed the name of Justice Nisar Muhammad Shaikh, SHC additional judge, for appointment as permanent judge of the high court. However, the committee could not take any decision regarding the remaining two nominees of Judicial Commission, Justice Nadeem Akhtar and Justice Muhammad Shafi Siddiqui. He said under clause 12 of Article 175A, the committee on receipt of nomination from the commission might confirm the nominee by majority of its total membership within 14 days, failing which the nominations shall be deemed to have been confirmed. Published by Arif Nizami at Plot No 79, Sector 24, Korangi Industrial Area Karachi.

Editor: Arif Nizami

UN CONDEMNS ATTACK ON SHIA HAZARAS UnIteD natIons: UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon on Monday condemned Saturday’s attack in Quetta targeting the Hazara community and called for “swift and determined” action against those responsible for the attack. “This is the second terrorist bombing in the same city and against the same community since last month,” his spokesman Martin Nesirky said in a statement noting that over 80 people had been killed and nearly 200 wounded, many of them women and children. “In the face of this latest attack, the secretary general calls for swift and determined action against those claiming responsibility and perpetrating such actions,” the statement said. “The secretary general conveys his heartfelt condolences to the families of all the victims. He reiterates the strong support of the United Nations for efforts by the government and people of Pakistan to protect religious and ethnic minorities and to combat the scourge of terrorism,” the statement added. App


e-paper pakistantoday 19th February, 2013