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Zardari’s cases can’t be reopened as Swiss haven’t responded: Naik

NA body approves controversial Fair Trial Bill despite opposition

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Shahid Afridi facing uncertain future PAGE |15

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Wednesday, 12 December, 2012 Muharram 27, 1434

Rs 15.00 Vol III No 165 19 Pages Karachi Edition

MONITORING DESK Pakistan has signalled its readiness to US officials to deal with terrorist safe havens in response to pressure to deny sanctuary to militant groups as American forces withdraw from neighbouring Afghanistan, Defence Secretary Leon Panetta said, according to a Bloomberg report. “We are more encouraged with the fact that they want to take steps to try to limit the terrorist threat within their own country and obviously the threat that goes across the border” to Afghanistan, Panetta told reporters travelling with him to Kuwait. General Ashfaq Pervez Kayani, Pakistan’s top military officer, has “indicated a willingness to try to put more pressure on safe havens.” While “actions have to speak louder than words, I do believe they’re in a better place because they understand the kind of threats they should deal

People suffer as OGRA, APCNGA impasse persists g

Negotiations break down after APCNGA rejects proposals of CNG-petrol parity, sale to cars of only up to 1,000cc ISLAMABAD KASHIF ABBASI

Negotiations between the Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority (OGRA) and the All Pakistan CNG Association (APCNGA) broke down again on Tuesday after their failure to reach a common ground, bearing more bad news for consumers already reeling from high petrol prices. The Supreme Court has been hearing the case regarding CNG prices and had directed OGRA to ensure there was no change of prices until the matter was decided by the court. Following the order, CNG and petroleum dealers went on an unofficial strike, affecting routine life of motorists and adding to their fuel bills. It was being hoped that OGRA and APCNGA would reach a consensus somehow, but the talks collapsed on Tuesday after the APCNGA rejected OGRA’s proposals, besides others, to restrict sale of CNG to vehicles with engines of up to 1,000cc. The next meeting between

OGRA and APCNGA is scheduled for December 13, while Supreme Court will resume hearing in the case on the 17th. The APCNGA on Monday demanded immediate audit of gas prices, saying gas distribution companies were forcibly getting inflated price of gas from CNG operators since the last three years. CNG owners have been made to pay Rs 2.18 per kg in addition to the prices determined by OGRA in sheer violation of the laid down guidelines, a press release issued by the APCNGA said. The APCNGA claims CNG operators have been directed to sell gas at Rs 61.63, of which Rs 57.62 are returned to the government as bill of the gas utilised. “Owners only save Rs 4.01 per kg in which they are supposed to cater for compression and operational costs, salaries, rent, fees, diesel for generators, maintenance of building and machines, depreciation and miscellaneous expenses, which is illogical,” the APCNGA said. Talking to reporters after the meeting, APCNGA chairman Ghayas Paracha said: “We will not accept any decision if it is taken without taking us into confidence.” The CNG association did not agree with the summary of the Economic Coordination Committee (ECC) of the cabinet, he added. According to the ECC proposals, the price of the CNG would be linked with petrol price and CNG would not be provided to vehicles with engines of over 1,000CC. The proposal said CNG price should

be fixed at 80 percent of petrol price. However, sources said the proposal regarding linking the prices of two fuels had been put on the backburner. Paracha said it was injustice not to provide gas to all vehicles, asserting that they were being overcharged for gas and OGRA had also acknowledged that CNG station owners were suffering losses. OGRA officials said proposals from the CNG Association had been taken note of and would be presented to the court on December 17. Meanwhile, people across country remained deprived of CNG even on Tuesday. Massive queues of vehicles were seen at a few company-operated gas stations in cities where CNG businesses resumed after the three-day weekly closure. Suspension of CNG has disturbed the routine life of people from all social segments and resulted into losses of billions of rupees to the already deteriorating economy of the country. Naveed Islam, an employee of a multinational company waiting in line for CNG in Islamabad, said both the government and the CNG Association were equally responsible for significantly increasing the miseries of the people. He added that he had been waiting in the queue for two hours and did not know how much more time he would have to spend to get the fuel. Raheela, a government employee, said due to suspension of CNG, taxi drivers had increased the fares and were demanding double of what they used to charge earlier.

with,” said Panetta, who arrived in Kuwait to meet with some of the 13,500 US troops stationed in the Persian Gulf country. Insurgent safe havens in Pakistan continue to pose a threat to Afghanistan’s long-term security and are preventing US and allied forces from dealing a “decisive defeat” to militants in the region, the Pentagon said in a semi-annual report sent to Congress yesterday. The report provides an unclassified snapshot of the war effort in Afghanistan as the Obama administration prepares to assess how many troops will remain in the country after 2014, when most US and allied forces depart. ‘EnDEmIC COrrUPTIOn’: “The Taliban-led insurgency and its al-Qaeda affiliates still operate from sanctuaries in Pakistan,” according to the report’s executive summary. “The insurgency’s safe havens in Pakistan, the limited institutional capacity of the Afghan government and endemic corruption remain the greatest risks to long-term stability and sustainable security in Afghanistan.”

Attack on spymaster hatched in Quetta; Karzai to submit ‘evidence’ today

ANKARA: President Asif Ali Zardari, Turkish President Abdullah Gul and Afghan President Hamid Karzai at a dinner hosted by the Turkish president on Tuesday. KABUL AGENCIES

A fghan President Hamid Karzai was expected to submit documents and evidence to President Asif Ali Zardari at a meeting in Turkey on Tuesday over the wounding of his intelligence director in a suicide bombing which he alleges was planned in Pakistan. “President Karzai will submit all the documents and evidence in hand to Pakistan President Asif Ali Zardari, which suggest the attack was hatched in Quetta in Pakistan, and follow this up seriously,” said Siamak Herawi, a spokesman for Karzai. The bomber, who hid explosives inside his underwear and posed as a peace messenger, wounded spy chief Asadullah Khalid last Thursday in a brazen attack that set back a nascent, already fragile reconciliation process. While the Taliban have claimed responsibility for the bombing, Karzai has said the raid was too sophisti-

cated to have been carried out by the Islamist militant group. “Bigger hands are involved,” said Herawi, repeating a phrase often used by the Afghan leader after high-profile attacks. Speaking after the attack, Karzai stopped short of directly blaming the neighbouring country but said he knew “for a fact” the bomber came from Pakistan and that Kabul would seek clarification from Islamabad during meetings in Turkey. Karzai was to hold talks with Zardari at a trilateral summit hosted by Turkish President Abdullah Gul in Ankara on Tuesday and Wednesday. Foreign ministers and senior officials from both countries will also meet at the summit, the seventh of its kind in Turkey. Pakistan has said it would assist in any investigation into the bombing, but also urged Karzai to provide evidence before “levelling charges”, and suggested Kabul look into any lapses in its own security arrangements that may have led to the raid.


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02 News NeWS

Today’s

Nawaz, Zardari equally responsible for country’s woes, says Imran

CArTooN

iNFoTAiNMeNT CIA agent who found Bin Laden is having trouble at work

Quick Look

Page 11

Story on Page 09

Court can review presence of army in FATA, PATA: PHC CJ

Story on Page 14

LAHORE: A female activist of Minhajul Quran holds a placard against frequent load shedding during a demonstration on Tuesday. ONLINE

PESHAWAR ONLINE

Peshawar High Court Chief Justice Dost Muhammad Khan on Tuesday said if the issue of missing persons was not being resolved, the court could review the presence of army in FATA and PATA. The CJ passed the remarks during hearing of missing persons’ case. The son of a missing person, Anaar Gul, informed the court that his father had gone missing on May 23, 2011, and his body was received on October 06, 2012. The PHC CJ directed the Home Department and KP inspector general of police to submit an inquiry report into the case. The court further ordered the principal staff officer at GHQ to set up an inquiry board to find out who had detained and killed Anaar Gul.

SC seeks details of all prisoners on death row ISLAMABAD APP

The Supreme Court on Tuesday sought details of all prisoners across the country who were on death row. A threemember SC bench, headed by Justice Anwar Zaheer Jamali, issued directives on a constitutional petition moved by a prisoner Yaqoob Bhatti, regarding pending mercy petitions of all prisoners awaiting execution. During the proceedings, Barrister Zafarullah apprised the bench that a total of 6,355 prisoners had been languishing in jails in Punjab alone whereas 896 appeals were moved before the Supreme Court and another 27 were pending with the Federal Shariat Court. He said the authorities concerned should be directed to take a clear decision about the fate of these prisoners.

Another doctor abducted in Quetta

PPP’s Sindh MNAs accuse PML-N of ‘KBD conspiracy’ g g

Say Nawaz Sharif, Punjab CM Shahbaz Sharif behind LHC decision to build Kalabagh Dam House demands formation of committee to probe rape of non-Muslim girl ISLAMABAD

P

QUETTA ONLINE

Days after abducted Dr Saeed Khan was freed by his captors, another doctor was abducted in Quetta on Tuesday. The latest incident took place on link Badini Road in the district’s Sariab area. A medical officer of Eye Hospital, Doctor Abdul Aziz, was on way home from his clinic when he was abducted by unidentified men. Police recovered the doctor’s service card from his car. In another incident, unidentified armed men snatched the mobile phone and car from Bolan Medical Complex Medical Superintendent Dr Taj Raisani. The police had registered cases and investigations into the incidents were underway. At least 17 doctors have been abducted in the last two years from Quetta.

Wednesday, 12 December, 2012

AGENCIES

ARlIAMENTARIANS belonging to the ruling Pakistan People’s Party from Sindh on Tuesday strongly opposed the lahore High Court’s decision on the Kalabagh Dam, saying Pakistan Muslim league-Nawaz chief Nawaz Sharif and Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif were behind the decision. The PMl-N members denied the blame, saying that though they were in favour of the construction of the Kalabagh Dam, they wanted it when there was consensus on the issue among the provinces. On a point of order during the National Assembly session, PPP’s Gul Muhammad Jhakrani said the entire country had been affected by the lHC’s decision, adding that even the Sindh Assembly had passed a resolution against it for the fourth time. Khawaja Saad Rafique of the PMl-N said his party had no connec-

tion with the decision, adding that the PMl-N had categorically said that even though the party was in favour of the dam’s construction, it wanted it only when there was a consensus on the issue. PPP’s Shazia Marri said three provincial assemblies had rejected the construction of the dam on technical grounds. She said such matters needed consensus, adding that this project had been rejected by three federating units. Probe committee: The members of the National Assembly also demanded the government ensure protection of minority communities. They asked for the formation of a special committee to probe into the alleged rape of a minor non-Muslim girl. Speaking on a point of order, PPP MNA Yousuf Talpur said the people from non-Muslim communities of Umer Kot district of Sindh were being implicated in false cases. He said they comprised 60 percent of the total population of the city but some elements were threatening their security.Talpur said the commit-

tee comprising members from both sides of the aisle should also be mandated to expose the elements poised to mar peace of the area. Earlier, speaking on a point of order, Zafar Baig Bhitanni said despite CNG crisis, consumption of petrol could not be increased. Aftab Sherpao raised the issue of loss being incurred by strikes observed by transporters in Karachi over a dispute with the Motorway Police. He asked the government to direct the authorities concerned to negotiate with the protesters as majority of Karachi transporters hailed from KP and FATA.Shakeel Awan said the closure of CNG had affected the poor people, particularly rickshaw and taxi drivers. He asked the government to cancel the licenses of the CNG stations not providing gas to consumers. Abdul Wasim Khan criticised the closure of gas and asked the government to formulate a policy in this regard to address public woes.On this, Minister for law Farooq Naik assured

the House to seek report on the issue from the authorities concerned. Attiya Inayatullah sought a ruling from the chair to call recommendation from the Interior Ministry on two important bills on acid throwing and corporal punishment as the legislation was pending for long. PassPorts: The National Assembly was also informed in Tuesday’s session that the government had issued 12 million passports within the country and to expatriate Pakistanis during its tenure. Parliamentary Secretary for Interior Rai Mujtaba Kharal informed the House in response to a Calling Attention Notice that the current shortage of passport copies was temporary as the Printing Corporation had agreed to enhance the daily printing. “We shall be receiving 30,000 passports today (Tuesday) and more in the coming days to meet the needs of applicants,” he said, adding that the shortfall was due to decrease in a number of daily printed passports by the Printing Corporation.


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News 03 ArTS & eNTerTAiNMeNT

BuSiNeSS

SPorTS

A baby girl is exactly what our home needed: Akshay

Auto manufacturers blast FBR over misleading revenue figures

Green pitch would ‘elevate’ SL bowlers: Sangakkara

eDiToriAL Charity begins at home: Education problems: lack of action as much as forces of darkness.

CoMMeNT Dr Hasan Askari Rizvi says; Democracy and elections: Contrary to popular wishes, democracy does not solve problems by itself.

In Spearhead Research; The Taliban in Paris: Towards solution.

Sultan Barq says; Kalabagh dam: Facts, fears and misconceptions.

Story on Page 14

Story on Page 19

Story on Page 15

Articles on Page 10-11

NA body approves controversial Fair Trial Bill 2012 despite opposition MQM, PML-N demand amendments in the bill g opposition fears some clauses might violate fundamental rights of civil liberty, privacy g No protection for person wanting to complain against executing authority g

ISLAMABAD

F

ANwER ABBAS

OllOWING a heated session, the National Assembly’s Standing Committee on law and Justice on Tuesday approved the Fair Trial Bill 2012, despite a strong opposition from PMl-N and MQM members. Members of the National Assembly’s standing committee on law and Justice met with Begum Nasim Akhtar Chaudhry in the chair to review the Fair Trial Bill 2012. During the meeting, PMl-N members Zahid Hamid, Saira Afzal Tarar and Anusha Rehman Khan expressed their strong reservations on most clauses of the bill and opposed it outright. Besides the PMl-N, the MQM also raised concerns over the bill and enquired how would authorities ensure that the bill was used only against criminals and common men would not be harassed unduly. Expressing concerns on behalf of the MQM, Iqbal Qadri pointed out that the bill

SC displeased with NAB’s failure to arrest ex-oGrA chief ISLAMABAD

mainly covered terrorism, but no definition was included in it for terrorism, adding that the bill in substance was against the fundamental rights of citizens and might be used against political workers and ordinary citizens without any effective check and balance. Qadri feared that the bill may be used as a lethal weapon to achieve nefarious design and could be misused by executing authorities against the common man. He said it could also be used to harass service providers for ulterior motives and unlawful gains. Both PMl-N and MQM also raised objection that the bill did not provide any protection for a person who wanted to file a complaint against the applicant and executing authorities. A number of heated exchanges took place between committee head Begum Nasim Akhtar Chaudhry and members of the PMl-N, following which Nasim stood up from her chair and suddenly ended the committee meeting, announcing that the bill had been passed. After the meeting, both sides remained accusing each other for staging a

walkout from the meeting. Addressing a news conference later at the chamber of leader of the opposition, Zahid Hamid flanked by Saira Afzal Tarar and Anusha Rehman Khan accused the government of bulldozing the “legislation-with-incomplete-points” and rejecting the recommendations given by opposition, adding that the opposition would give 34 amendments in the bill when it would be tabled in the National Assembly. “We support the bill in principal as it is the need of the time, however, we want it to be approved with some amendments ensuring the fundamental rights of civil liberties and privacy of citizens and with some checks and balances to make it more effective and unquestionable,” Zahid Hamid said. Anusha Rehman questioned who would ensure the privacy of the person accused prior to be proven guilty. He said the present law empowered 15 intelligence agencies but without any solid coordination, however, if PMl-N recommendations are accepted, the number would be reduced to seven intelligence

Pakistani nuclear arsenal to grow: US analyst

TAyyAB HuSSAIN

The Supreme Court on Tuesday expressed displeasure over the failure of National Accountability Bureau (NAB) to arrest the former chairman of Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority (OGRA) Tauqir Sadiq and sought a written reply from the bureau. Sadiq, the brother-in-law of PPP secretary general Jahangir Badar, was found involved in a scam of Rs 83 billion after the SC declared his appointment illegal over charges of misconduct and corruption in the issuance of CNG station licences. On November 25, 2011, the Supreme Court declared Sadiq’s appointment as OGRA chairman illegal and ordered NAB to investigate corruption cases against him and submit its findings within 45 days. However, despite a lapse of almost a year, NAB has failed to arrest Sadiq. Sadiq was appointed OGRA chairman by former prime minister Yousaf Raza Gilani in sheer misuse of his authority despite criticism, as Sadiq had no expertise to head the important slot in the regulatory authority. A two-member bench headed by Justice Jawwad S Khawaja started hearing in the OGRA scam. As the hearing commenced, NAB’s counsel Fauzi Ali told the court that former OGRA chairman Tauqeer Sadiq was in hiding and action was being taken to arrest him. He informed the court that the Motorway Police did not cooperate for apprehending Tauqir Sadiq, who had travelled via motorway. He informed the bench that he and the NAB chairman NAB were receiving threats for making efforts to apprehend Tauqir and attempts were being made to even register a bogus FIR against them. However, Justice Jawwad Khawaja observed that NAB should have apprehended the culprit who threatened them, as he could be sentenced for up to 10 years in prison under NAB laws. Justice Khilji Arif said if culprits were allowed to escape, NAB officials would keep receiving threats.

g

Krepon of Stimson institute says expansion likely to accelerate similar growth in india WASHINGTON AGENCIES

Pakistan’s nuclear stock pile is likely to grow in the coming years, as the country considers this as both a political and military instrument, an American analyst has said. Michael Krepon said that it would be hard to dampen the growth of Pakistan’s considerable and growing nuclear arsenal because few individuals made these decisions and most Pakistanis viewed them as a rare success story. In a report on ‘Pakistan’s Nuclear Strategy and Deterrence Stability’, Krepon of the Stimson Institute said a further growth in Pakistan’s stock piles was likely to accelerate a similar growth in India. “Pakistan’s stockpile is likely to grow as long as key constituencies within the country view their nuclear programme as a success story, domestic critics can be easily dismissed, relations with India remain contentious, and the sense of Pakistan’s international isolation grows,” he said. He said perceived nuclear requirements could be revised downward in select possibilities in case of advent of new leaders who have unconventional views about nuclear weapons, or improved relations with India with significant domestic backing or severe economic perturbations or a perception-shattering event that causes a rethink by nuclear advocates. India’s nuclear stockpile, like that of Pakistan, had approximately doubled over the last decade to perhaps

80-100 warheads, he said, adding that the pace of New Delhi’s efforts had seemed satisfactory to Indian political leaders who have viewed nuclear weapons as political, message-sending instruments, rather than as weapons to carry out war plans. He said by almost every indicator, Pakistan was receding in India’s rear-view mirror and Indian elites resented being compared to Pakistan, but this was not true with respect to Pakistan’s nuclear weapon-related accomplishments. “If reports are true that Pakistan is leading India in warhead numbers and operationally-ready missiles, and if the stewards of Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal continue along current programming trajectories, New Delhi is likely to accelerate stockpile growth and hasten the transfer of missile programmes from the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) to the military

services,” he wrote. He said the Pakistani nuclear doctrine asserted that its nuclear deterrent was India-specific but the requirements for credible, minimal deterrence were not fixed, rather they were determined by a dynamic threat environment. “Given India’s conventional military advantages, Pakistan reserves the option to use nuclear weapons first in extreme,” Krepon said. With the exception of the first use option, all of the central tenets of Pakistan’s nuclear doctrine had some malleability, he argued. For example, Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal was not entirely “India specific”. “Pakistani officials have occasionally expressed concerns about Israeli and US designs against their nuclear capabilities - designs that presumably also require deterrence in some fashion,” he said.

networks but with strong coordination. Hamid said earlier the law suggested seeking arrest warrants from sessions courts, but the PMl-N recommended replacing the sessions courts with high courts with some political control over it. Hamid also mentioned that any probe being initiated on demand of some other country should be triggered after a formal, official request was introduced by that country. Under the present status of the Fair Trial Bill 2012, the government can access “data, information or material in any documented form … through audio visual device, CCTV, still photography, bugging, observation or any mode of modern devices or techniques obtained under the act -documents, papers, pamphlets, booklets” for surveillance. The government can also intercept “emails, SMS, internet protocol detail record, call detail record and any form of computer-based or cell phone based communication. It also includes any means of communication using wired/wireless/internet protocol-based media/gadgetry.”

82% think govt taking revenge from HeC over fake degrees issue: PTi survey ISLAMABAD INP/ONLINE

According to a survey conducted by the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) on Tuesday, 82 percent people think that the illegal interference of the government in the affairs of the Higher Education Commission (HEC) was a revenge for the fake degrees issue. The respondents were asked, “Do you think that the government’s illegal meddling in the affairs of the HEC is a revenge for the fake degrees issue.” A total of 12,372 people responded to the survey, out of which 82 percent thought that the government was taking revenge from the HEC over the fake degrees issue, while five percent thought that this was not the case. Thirteen percent of the respondents said they did not know about the issue. Hec trying to regularise illegally aPPointed internees: Meanwhile, Online news agency has claimed that the HEC is trying to regularise services of illegally appointed hundreds of internees in its different divisions. Documents reveal that last year the HEC appointed 188 candidates in its different divisions under political influence, and hence, violated the predefined criteria for internship. Online claimed that 43 candidates were appointed in Human Resource Division, 18 in Information Technology (IT) and four were appointed in Human Resources management section among others. The HEC allegedly selected these candidates without giving any advertisement in the national dailies and now the concerned officials were making efforts to regularise these illegally selected candidates. “Candidates used to be appointed for a six month period on paid internship but now that the six months have expired, efforts are being made for the extension of the internship period of these candidates,” the Online source claimed. The source further said that most of these internees have bachelor’s degrees whereas according to the government policy the internees must have a Master’s degree. Online claimed that HEC Chairman Javed laghari did not respond to any phone calls or text messages.

Wednesday, 12 December, 2012


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04

Nine hurt as gunmen fire at Cairo protesters CAIRO

The upheaval following the fall of Hosni Mubarak last year is causing concern in the West, in particular the United States, which has given Cairo billions of dollars in military and other aid since Egypt made peace with Israel in 1979. The Tahrir Square attackers, some masked, also threw petrol bombs which started a small fire, witnesses said. “The masked men came suddenly and attacked the protesters in Tahrir. The attack was meant to deter us and prevent us from protesting today. We oppose these terror tactics and will stage the biggest protest possible today,” said John Gerges, a Christian Egyptian who described himself as a socialist. The latest bout of unrest has so far claimed seven lives in clashes between the Islamist Muslim Brotherhood and opponents who are also besieging Mursi’s presidential palace. Police PoWers: The elite Republican Guard which protects the palace has yet to use force to keep protesters

away from the graffiti-daubed building, now ringed with tanks, barbed wire and concrete barricades. The army has told all sides to resolve their differences through dialogue, saying it would not allow Egypt to enter a “dark tunnel”. For the period of the referendum, the army has been granted police powers by Mursi, allowing it to arrest civilians. The army has portrayed itself as the guarantor of the nation’s security but so far it has shown no appetite for a return to the bruising front-line political role it played after the fall of Mubarak, which severely damaged its standing. leftists, liberals and other opposition groups have called for marches to the presidential palace later on Tuesday to protest against the hastily arranged constitutional referendum planned for Dec 15, which they say is polarising the country and could put it in a religious straightjacket.

No objection if Kabul seeks military help from India: US

Upcoming election to be most expensive

AGENCIES

N

INE people were hurt when gunmen fired at protesters camping in Cairo’s Tahrir Square on Tuesday, according to witnesses and Egyptian media, as the opposition called for a major demonstration it hopes will force President Mohamed Mursi to postpone a referendum on a new constitution. Supporters of the Islamist leader, who want the vote to go ahead as planned on Saturday, were also gathering in the capital, setting the stage for further street confrontations in a political crisis that has divided the Arab world’s most populous nation. Police cars surrounded Tahrir Square in central Cairo, the first time they had appeared in the area since November 23, shortly after a decree by Mursi awarding himself sweeping temporary powers that touched off widespread protests.

WASHINGTON INP

A Unites States Defence Department official said on Monday that US will have no problem if Afghanistan seeks any direct military assistance from India for its armed forces in order to deal with insurgency in the country. “We have had discussions with the Indians and the Afghans, and I don’t see any particular problems with the overall approach here at all,” a senior official of the Department of Defence said. Responding to a question regarding a news report carried by an Indian newspaper, the official, who requested anonymity, said that Afghan military commanders and intelligence officials have been urging India to provide direct

military assistance to the country’s fledgling armed forces. The report in the Indian media claimed that Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) have sought key military equipment including medium trucks to carry cargo, bridge-laying equipment and engineering facilities, light mountain artillery and ammunition. “India has also been requested by Afghanistan to help the latter build air-support capabilities for its troops and help Afghanistan prepare for the post US pull-out situation in 2014,” said the report. The official said US and Afghanistan have jointly developed a “fairly aggressive” plan that includes broad range of support from the international community to develop capabilities that Afghanistan needs in order to address security issues.

CAIRO: A wheel chair-bound woman shouts political slogans outside the presidential palace on Tuesday.

Bangladesh war crimes chief judge resigns over hacked calls DHAKA AGENCIES

he chief judge of Bangladesh’s war crimes court resigned on Tuesday after calls over the Internet in which he shared details of cases were published in the press. “Judge Nizamul Huq tendered his resignation to the law secretary. He has cited personal reasons,” Bangladesh’s deputy law minister Quamrul Islam told AFP. Huq stepped down after unidentified hackers last week

posted on YouTube 17 hours of conversations which were then published by Amar Desh, a pro-opposition newspaper. In the calls, Huq allegedly suggested that he was under pressure from the government to reach a quick verdict in the ongoing 1971 war crime cases against the country’s senior opposition leaders. He was quoted as telling a legal expert that the “government has gone mad and it wants a verdict”, according to a transcript printed by Amar Desh.

Huq presides over the International Crimes Tribunal (ICT), which was created in 2010 to try war crimes suspects. It has been widely criticised as being a political tool for the ruling Awami league government to target its opponents. Nine leaders of the Jamaat-e-Islami, the nation’s largest Islamic party, and two from the main opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP), are being tried for genocide and crimes committed in the liberation war

NEWS DESK The upcoming general election will be the most expensive in the history of Pakistan. The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) estimates that Rs 5.90 billion in expenses will be incurred during the election compared to Rs 1.45 billion spent in 2008. According to the ECP sources, the 180 million ballot papers printed for the election will be watermarked and are expected to cost Rs 1 billion. This amount is double of what was spent during the last general election. Polling staff is expected to cost an additional Rs 2 billion. The average cost incurred on each voter will be Rs 65.50 which is Rs 42.50 higher than the last election.

Bill to establish Child Rights PAC summons Commission tabled in NA institutions ISLAMABAD APP

The National Assembly on Tuesday admitted a bill for the establishment of a permanent commission to ensure protection and welfare of the children by providing the commission with a permanent infrastructure. The bill, which was tabled by Pakistan Muslim league (Q) MNA Nosheen Saeed, was later referred to the standing committee

concerned for further consideration. The proposed commission will take custody of children who are more than five years and less than 15 years of age and will arrange funds for their boarding and lodging, and their social, economic, cultural and educational welfare. The bill proposes the issuance of Child Identity Cards (CIC), the holders of which would be entitled to free first aid from private

hospitals and clinics. The children under custody will be given a stipend and will be entitled to free entry in all parks and clubs and will travel at nominal rates in the Pakistan Railways or PIA. The commission will also take custody of any child who is not being ‘reasonably taken care of’ by his parents, has been abandoned or who is not being sent to school after attaining the age of five.

Malik wishes to meet Manmohan, Sonia during India visit g

Indian officials say no final call taken on Malik’s request so far but ‘it seems a tall order’ NEW DELHI ONLINE

Interior Minister Rehman Malik may be headed for an official visit of India at the invitation of Indian Home Minister Sushil Kumar Shinde, but he has expressed his desire to also have an audience with Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Congress President Sonia Gandhi during his stay in the Indian capital, Indian media reported on Tuesday. As the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) and Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) coordinate to tie up his itinerary, authorities here

are trying their best to squeeze in requests for personal visits by Malik and his delegation to the Nizamuddin shrine here in addition to his proposed religious tour of the Ajmer Sharif and a trip to the Taj Mahal in Agra. Officials in the Indian MEA said no final call had been taken on Malik’s request for a meeting with the PM and Sonia, but it seemed a tall order considering that Singh had only recently turned down an invitation from President Asif Ali Zardari to visit Pakistan for Guru Nanak Jayanti on November 28, saying that the time was not right. Though Singh did not

Wednesday, 12 December, 2012

against Pakistan. Both Jamaat and the BNP have dismissed the court as a show trial. Muslim-majority Bangladesh, which was formerly called East Pakistan, won its independence from thenWest Pakistan after a ninemonth long war in 1971. The current government alleges up to three million people were killed in the war, many murdered by locals collaborating with Pakistani forces. Bangladesh has sought an apology from Pakistan over the alleged war crimes.

elaborate, the lack of credible action by Pakistan in the 26/11 case is seen as the prime reason why India was not keen on the visit just yet. Incidentally, Malik’s visit was scheduled soon after to neutralise the impression of a breakdown in the Indo-Pak-

istan engagement in view of the PM’s refusal to travel to the neighbouring country. Even though the exact itinerary for the interior minister’s three-day visit is still being finalised, bilateral talks between Malik and Shinde are tentatively scheduled for De-

cember 14 — the day he flies in with his official delegation. “If the talks and a likely joint statement, to be released at a joint press briefing, wind up on December 14 itself, Malik may head for the dargah of Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti the next morning, and possibly keep aside December 16 for his planned visit to Agra. However, if the talks spill over to December 15, we may have to rework the schedule,” a senior government official told TOI. Incidentally, no meeting has been sought or scheduled between Malik and Hurriyat Conference representatives. Meanwhile, Shinde told a press briefing on Mon-

day that India would reiterate its request for action against 26/11 mastermind and lashker-e-Tayyaba founder Hafiz Saeed and voice samples of 26/11 accused undergoing trial in Pakistan. “I have talked with him (on these issues) on a number of occasions, including on the sidelines of a SAARC meet in Maldives and the Interpol conference in Rome. Here also, I will mention it,” he said. Though he did point to the recent developments in the 26/11 trial in Pakistan, Shinde — when asked if he was satisfied with the progress of the trial — said he would not like to comment on legal matters.

refusing to allow audit ISLAMABAD ONLINE

The Public Accounts Committee (PAC) Auditor General (AG) on Tuesday has sought the list of projects running on foreign aid and has summoned all those institutions which are not allowing audits of their accounts. PAC Chairman Nadim Afzal Chan chaired a meeting of the PAC in the parliament house and reviewed the audit observations of the accounts of the National Reconstruction Bureau and the Ministry of Population Welfare for the year 2006-07. The committee was informed that the National Bank on Pakistan (NBP), and the Security and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP) have refused to get their accounts audited from the AG and the PAC has therefore filed a petition in the Sindh High Court (SHC) in this regard. The committee was further informed that Khushal Bank and Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund had obtained loans from donor agencies at a 2 percent soft interest rate but gave loan to the poor people at a higher rate of 20 percent.


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Wednesday, 12 December, 2012

FPCCI lauds cordial Pak-Thai bilateral relations KARACHI STAFF REPORT

KARACHI: Fishermen are busy catching fish at Clifton. ONLINE

Haulers’ strike costing industries over Rs 3.6bn daily Traders say around $700mn exports lost as strike enters 10th day g Week-long wheel-jam leaves manufacturers without raw material g industrialists warn of scarcity of food and other consumer essentials ahead

g

KARACHI STAFF REPORT

HE ongoing strike by haulers is costing industries at least Rs. 3.6 billion per day and the total losses on account of exports ranged from $600 million to $700 million, said the traders and industrialists on Tuesday as the transporters’ strike entered day 10. Transporters have jammed their wheels in protest of lack of security to the drivers, cleaners and to the vehicles it selves and due to the load limits set by the Motorway Police. “The strike has completely halted the export and import activities and has damaged the industrial manufacturing capacity of the country,” said Bin Qasim Association of Trade and Industry (BQATI) President Usman Ahmed in a statement issued on Tuesday. The BQATI chief said the transport of goods to factories was being affected by the strike, thus causing closure of the ghee, cement and soap manufacturing units due to the non-supply of raw materials to industries. He said the importers were forced to pay ship and port demurrages for not being able to clear their consignments

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from the ports. “Industrial units are not receiving raw materials and fuel to run their mills. This is resulting in a loss of over Rs 3.6 billion per day,” he said. Mian Muhammed Ahmed, another BQATI official, urged that the government must intervene and resolve the matter without any further delay as the transporters were adamant to continue their strike until their demands were met. “If regular supply of raw materials to industries is not regularized, thousand of industrial workers, particularly the daily wagers, would face retrenchment,” Ahmed warned. He said the government must save the already troubled industries. Stressing on the need for the government to find out a workable solution to the issue, the trader said the government should play a positive role to end the ongoing strike and resume business activities. Vice President BQATI Abdul Rasheed Jan Mohammed said if the strike persisted there could be a shortage of essential consumer goods in the days to come. “The strike has affected the supply of flour, sugar, ghee, cement, fertilizer and vegetables to local markets,” he said.

US envoy inaugurates medical centre at JPMC KARACHI STAFF REPORT

US Ambassador Richard Olson inaugurated a new obstetrics and gynecology facility at the Jinnah Post-Graduate Medical Center (JPMC). The construction and outfitting of this facility was fully funded by the US government at a cost of more than $ 4.5 million. At a ceremony inaugurating the event, Ambassador Olson said: “The United States is working with Pakistan to improve the lives of average Pakistanis through initiatives in the energy, economic, education and other sectors. We are also actively supporting the health sector and are committed to improving Pakistani access to quality health care, particularly for young mothers and children under five years old. This

facility delivers on this commitment by offering treatment for obstetric fistula, a debilitating condition resulting from childbirth complications. This condition afflicts many poor women in Sindh and Balochistan.” This United States government-funded facility will provide 60 beds for surgery and treatment of fistula and other obstetrics and gynecological complications. It will also upgrade JPMC’s capacity as a first-rate center for graduate and post graduate medical education in Pakistan by providing a state-ofthe-art training facility for more than 1,300 trainees, students, and officers. This inauguration was part of Ambassador Olson’s two-day visit to Karachi. The visit included laying a wreath at Jinnah’s Mausoleum, visiting Abdul Sattar Edhi and meetings with civil society, business, media and political leaders.

Thailand and Pakistan moved forward to sign MoUs for preferential trade agreement leading to FTA. President Federation of Pakistan Chambers of Commerce and Industry Haji Fazal Kadir Khan Sherani stated this after having a meeting with Wichai Sirisunjin, Consul General of Thailand, who visited FPCCI on Tuesday. Haji Fazal Kadir Khan Sherani said relations between Pakistan and Thailand are harmonious and unique and due to these relations volume of bilateral trade has crossed one billion US dollar. Wichai Sirisunjin Consul General of Thailand informed that

next year Thai Prime Minister will be visiting Pakistan along with Foreign and Commerce Ministry and it will be an opportunity to FPCCI to meet them in Islamabad. He further said current balance of trade which is in favour of Thailand with huge gap should also be corrected. He proposed marketing of Pakistani products and business to business contacts for improving trade relations. The meeting was attended by Sheikh Shakeel Ahmed Dhingra, Mr Iqbal Dawood Pakwala, Vice Presidents FPCCI, Mr Zakaria Usman, former VP, FPCCI, Mr Waseem Vohra, Mr Salman, Sheikh Manzar Alam, Mr Imran and others. The meeting was concluded with the presentation of FPCCI crest to Wichai Sirisunjin Consul General of Thailand.


KHI 12-12-2012_Layout 1 12/12/2012 2:15 AM Page 6

06 Karachi Three injured as car CNG cylinder explodes

14 suspects arrested during operation KARACHI STAFF REPORT

KaracHi: At least three people were injured when a CNG cylinder of a vehicle exploded in Karachi’s SITE area on Tuesday. Police and rescue teams said the incident took place in SITE industrial area where cylinder of a CNG-run vehicle blew up near a filling station. Officials said three people were injured and later taken to Abbasi Shaheed Hospital. STAFF REPORT

KARACHI: Traders block MA Jinnah Road during a demonstration against hand grenade attacks on shops. ONLINE

At least 14 suspected people have been arrested during an overnight targeted operation by the Rangers in several areas of the metropolis. The Rangers personnel conducted the operation in different areas including Sohrab Goth, Machhar Colony, Afghan Basti and other adjoining areas. According to the Rangers’ sources, the operation was triggered on tip-off regarding presence of criminal elements in these areas and at least 25 mobiles participated in the operation. The sources said the operation was launched to track down the elements responsible for yesterday's attack on the Rangers check post.

KBD can’t be built with 3 provinces’ opposition: Soomro KARACHI STAFF REPORT

Sindh law Minister Ayaz Soomro has said the ‘big brother (Punjab) must keep in mind that three provinces have opposed the construction of Kalabagh Dam (KBD) and in this scenario it can’t be built. He stated this while talking to media

persons after meeting with the newly elected office bearers of Sindh High Court Bar Association (SHCBA) here on Tuesday. Earlier Ayaz Soomro also handed over a cheque of Rs10,00,000 to the Bar president Mustafa lakhani. He termed the interaction with the lawyers and new liberal team of the SHCBA office bearers as a pleasure for him. He said that

PQA now able to berth ships up to 310m length at night More deeper-draft ships due at Port Qasim by next year, says PQA chairman g

KARACHI STAFF REPORT

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HE Port Qasim Authority (PQA) on Tuesday said it had become the country’s first port operator to have the capacity to berth largest container vessels of 310 meters length during the night time navigation. The PQA already claims to be the “deepest” seaport of Pakistan with 13 meters draught in its 45 kilimere long navigational channel. Early hours, at midnight 3”00 am, on Tuesday saw the Maersk Kolkata as a first ship successfully berthed at the Qasim International Container Terminal (QICT). “(The) Port Qasim, which already has the distinction of being the deepest port in Pakistan offering 13 meters draft from 15 November 2012, has added another feather in its cap of historic achievements by also being the first port in Pakistan to declare night navigation facility for 310 meters vessels throughout the year,” said PQA Chairman, Vice Admiral (r) Muhammmad Shafi while addressing a ceremony at the Port Qasim. He said Maersk Kolkata was the largest vessel ever to berth at night at the country’s second largest port which, the chairman said, was fast growing in terms of cargo handling and industrial activities.

The night navigation facility, Shafi said, would enable the PQA to handle at Port Qasim ships of deeper-draught having more volume of cargo thus reducing the vessels’ turn around substantially. “This would also be a major advantage for all stakeholders,” the chairman said, adding the facility would effectively slash the cost of doing business at Port Qasim and give a major boost to the trade and economy of Pakistan where 97 percent of trade is carried out through the seaports. Shafi said the Port Qasim had growth from a single-berth port to that of 15 berths and had currently over 40 percent share in the country’s total seaborne trade in terms of cargo handling. He recalled there was a time when the port had the capacity to accommodate ships of 10-meter draft only. “Today we have the deepest navigational channel that could accommodate ships having draft up to 13 meters,” the retired vice admiral said. The PQA chief said the authority was acquiring a dredger that would dredge the port by 14 meters. Earlier, CEO QICT Changez Khan Niazi told the gathering that whereas his side was going all out to compete with other national and regional ports the country’s trade was in a bad shape. “Pakistan’s trade is really at dumb and the economy is in a bad shape,” Khan said.

oxford launches two books KARACHI: The oxford university Press Pakistan on Tuesday launched two books dealing with the social change and urban planning and development issues in Pakistan. Titled as from micro-finance to the building of local institutions: The origins and evolution of the Micro-credit Programme of the oPP’s orangi Charitable Trust, Karachi, Pakistan and Migration and Small Towns in Pakistan, the two books have been authored by Arif Hasan and Mansoor raza, respectively. STAFF REPORT

Wednesday, 12 December, 2012

KBD was a conspiracy to render Sindh barren and it could only be built on the bodies of the Sindhis. He further said that we could go to the Council of Common Interests (CCI) on KBD issue. Replying to a question, Ayaz Soomro said that holding of by-polls on six vacant seats of Sindh assembly was the prerogative of the Election Commission.


KHI 12-12-2012_Layout 1 12/12/2012 2:15 AM Page 7

Karachi 07

WeATHer uPDATeS

29 °C High 14Low0C

SuNNY

THurSDAY

FriDAY

SATurDAY

28°C i 19°C

27°C i 17°C

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PrAYer TiMiNGS Fajr Sunrise 06:00 06:10

zuhr 12:00

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Maghrib 15: 00

isha 18:30 KARACHI: Visitors enjoy a horse ride at Sea View. ONLINE

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Stick to healthy diet for weight loss KARACHI

KARACHI INP

A petition has been submitted in the Supreme Court’s Karachi registry on Tuesday seeking cancellation of the parliament membership of the lawmakers who failed to submit their affidavits affirming they did not hold dual nationality. The petition also requested the court to bar the ‘guilty’ lawmakers from contesting the upcoming general elections. It also called for the cancellation of the basic membership of the legislators “for failing to abide by the law”.

ONLINE

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UTTING down butter and cheese, biscuits, cakes and crisps and going in for low-fat diet could help shed pounds, according to a new research. In this way, people can get slimmer in six months without dieting. The more fat you stop eating, the more weight is lost, says a new research from the University of East Anglia (UEA). The results prove for the first time that weight loss is possible simply by choosing foods lower in fat despite a plethora of recent publicity extolling the benefits of low-carbohydrate and no-carb diets, the British Medical Journal reported. lee Hooper from UEA’s Norwich Medical School, who led the study, said the regime led to consistent lower weight for at least seven years. "The weight reduction that we found when people ate less fat was remarkably consistent - we saw it in almost every trial. Those who cut down more on fat, lost more weight," she said, according to the Daily Mail. "The effect isn’t dramatic, like going on a diet. The research specifically looked at people who were cutting down on fat, but didn’t aim to lose weight - so they were continuing to consume a normal amount of food," added Hooper. The systematic review included results from 33 randomised controlled trials, lasting six months to eight years, involving 73,589 men, women and children with varying states of health. The effect on Body Mass Index (BMI) - a score showing whether people are overweight or obese - and waistline was measured after at least six months. The results show that eating less fat reduces body weight by 1.6 kg. Meanwhile, researchers have warned that smoking during pregnancy can triple the baby’s chance of developing meningitis. Children exposed to smoke from parents’ cigarettes at home are also twice as likely to have the deadly illness. Researchers believe that passive smoking gradually weakens children’s immune system making them more susceptible to the illness, the `Daily Mail` reported. Researchers from the University of Nottingham analysed 18 studies which looked at the link between passive smoking and meningitis. Meningitis is caused by an infection of the protective membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord and if not treated quickly it can cause brain and nerve damage. Symptoms include severe headache, a rash, vom-

Dual nationality: petition moved in SC against MPs

BDS rewarded for defusing bombs KARACHI NNI

iting, high temperature and a dislike of bright lights. They found that children exposed to second hand smoke in the home were more than twice as likely to get the illness. The under-fives were even more vulnerable - they were found to be two and a half times more at risk. And children whose mothers smoked during pregnancy were three times more likely to get meningitis, the study published in journal BMC Public Health found. "We estimate that an extra 630 cases of childhood invasive meningococcal disease every year are directly attributable to second-hand smoke in the UK alone," lead researcher Dr Rachael Murray said. "While we cannot be sure exactly how tobacco smoke is affecting these children, the findings from this study highlight consistent evidence of the further harms of smoking around children and during pregnancy, and thus parents and family members should be encouraged to not smoke in the home or around children," Murray said. In recent years a number of studies have shown massive smoking increases a child’s risk of meningitis but this is one of the first to show the link between a mother smoking during pregnancy. The findings of this latest study imply this process begins while the baby is still in the womb. Experts think that smoke contains bacteria which gradually weaken children’s immune systems.

Kidz Xpo 2012

Sindh Inspector General of Police Fayyaz Ahmed laghari gave away cash prizes to the officials of bomb disposal squad (BDS) on Tuesday for their best performance during the year 2012. The bomb disposal squad defused 80 bombs from January 01 to November 30 this year. The bomb disposal squad’s officials who received cash prize include 14 Sub Inspectors, 10 ASI, 12 Head Constables and 15 Constables.

2,700 kg narcotics seized LARKANA NNI

The excise police team of larkana led by Inspector Munawar Phulpoto seized 2,700 kg bhang during the search of truck No: lXX-3716 at Naudero Road, larkana on Tuesday. The excise police arrested Muhammad Nawaz Gujar and Rasheed Ahmed Gujar, residents of Gujarat under narcotics law and impounded the truck. Further investigation is underway, an official handout said here.

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Wednesday, 12 December, 2012


KHI 12-12-2012_Layout 1 12/12/2012 2:17 AM Page 8

08 News

Syria rebels seize military base, kill 35 govt troops DAMASCUS

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AGENCIES

YRIAN rebels have taken full control of a sprawling military base that they stormed two days ago in the country’s north, killing at least 35 government troops in the fighting, anti-government activists say. The UK-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) said the battle for Sheik Suleiman base, near the city of Aleppo, ended on Tuesday after rebels took over the main compound and warehouses at the site. The rebels first entered the base on Sunday afternoon, after weeks of fighting with soldiers loyal to President Bashar alAssad. The SOHR, an anti-government rights watchdog, said that 64 government troops were also injured in the assault. Among the groups that seized the base was the al-Nusra Front, which the US government is due to blacklist as a “terrorist organisation,” documents released on Tuesday showed. The US says that al-Nusra is allied to al-Qaeda in Iraq. Also on Tuesday, rebel troops attempted to wrest control of a military infantry academy near the northern entrance of Aleppo from government forces. The military school, located close to the town of Muslimiyeh near the Hanadarat Palestinian refugee camp, houses approximately 3,000 soldiers, the SOHR said. Fierce clashes have raged since rebels encircled the academy just over two weeks ago.

The Observatory also said that 11 people were killed elsewhere in the province, including three children and two women, on Monday night when four mortars struck the Sheikh Maksoud district of the city of Aleppo. Another 13 people were wounded, some critically, in the bombardment on the largely Kurdish neighbourhood. The mortars were fired by rebels from the Bustan al-Basha district, according to activists. In Damascus, the army shelled southern districts of the city while security forces raided several areas of the nearby Midan district, the Observatory said. Further south of the capital, two men were killed in bombing on the town of Daraya, where rebels have been resisting a military onslaught since mid-summer, while shelling was also reported across the eastern outskirts of the city. The local Co-ordination Committees, a network of activists on the ground, meanwhile, reported that fierce government shelling was targeting southern areas of Damascus. Fighting was also reported on Tuesday in the cities of Jisr Al Shughur, Arbeen and Deir Az Zor. Refugee numbers soar The latest UNHCR figures, released on Tuesday, showed that more than 500,000 Syrians have fled their country for other areas in the region. “According to UNHCR’s latest figures for lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Turkey and North Africa, 509,559 Syrians are either already registered (425,160) or in the process of being registered,” UNHCR said in a statement issued in Geneva.

Mali prime minister resigns after arrest BAMAKO AGENCIES

Malian Prime Minister Cheick Modibo Diarra has resigned hours after he was arrested as he tried to leave the country, the AFP news agency reported, citing national broadcaster ORTM. “I, Cheik Modibo Diarra, I resign with my government,” Diarra declared in a brief speech aired by ORTM. He gave no reason for his decision. Bakary Mariko, a spokesperson for the group of soldiers who seized power in a March 21 coup, said Diarra’s resignation after his arrest was not a coup, adding that a new prime minister would be named soon. “This is not a new

coup d’etat,” Mariko told France 24 television. Mariko said Diarra was arrested as he tried to leave the country after “inciting trouble”. Diarra had been the interim prime minister since April when the army handed power back to civilians. A member of Diarra’s entourage told the AFP that he “was arrested by about 20 soldiers late on Monday. “They said Captain Sanogo sent them to arrest him,” he added, referring to the leader of the March coup. The source, who witnessed the arrest, said the soldiers had “smashed in the door of the prime minister’s residence and took him away a bit violently”.

ALLEPO: children warm themselves at a refugee camp near the Turkish border. AGENCIES

Philippine typhoon toll passes 700 MANILA AGENCIES

The death toll of Typhoon Bopha in the Philippines has exceeded 700 and hundreds of people are still missing, the government has said. Typhoon Bopha unleashed floods and landslides across the main southern island of Mindanao on December 4, obliterating entire communities. At least 714 people were killed, making the typhoon the deadliest natural disaster in the Philippines since a tropical storm killed more than 1,200 people last year. The civil defence office said that around 115,000 houses have been destroyed, and more than 116,000 people remain in government shelter as they are likely to wait months for new housing to be constructed. The government said that a

total of 890 people remain missing, many of them include at least 313 deep sea fishermen who are feared lost at sea. On Monday, the Philippines government and the United Nations launched a $65m global appeal for help, as at least 5.4 million people desperately need food and water. luiza Carvalho, country officer for the UN Office for the Co-ordination of Humanitarian Affairs, said that the funds would initially help provide food, water and emergency shelter to 480,000 people in the worst-hit areas. “This is a scale the Philippines has not previously seen, we’re talking about tens of thousands of homes destroyed across southeast Mindanao,” Joe Curry of Catholic Relief Service told Al Jazeera. Nearly 400,000 people, mostly from Compostela Valley and nearby Davao Ori-

Nelson Mandela has lung infection caPe toWn: South Africa’s first black President Nelson Mandela is being treated for a lung infection, the president’s office has said. This is the first time officials have revealed why Mr Mandela, 94, was rushed to a military hospital in the capital, Pretoria, on Saturday. Tests showed a “recurrence of a previous lung infection”, presidential spokesman Mac Maharaj said. Mr Mandela is responding to his treatment, Mr Maharaj added. News of the hospital stay has prompted much concern in South Africa. The former president is regarded by most South Africans as the father of the nation, having inspired them to fight for democracy. He led the struggle against white-minority rule before being elected the first black president in democratic elections in 1994. AGENCIES

Israeli army raids West Bank NGO offices TEL AvIv AGENCIES

Israeli soldiers have raided the offices of three civil society organisations in the heart of Ramallah in the occupied West Bank. Entering before dawn on Tuesday, troops wrenched open the doors of the Women’s Union, the Palestinian NGO Network and Addameer, an advocate for Palestinians in Israeli jails. The raids were the first of their kind in a Palestinian city since the West Bank government won an initiative at the United Nations General Assembly on November 29 which recognised a de facto Palestinian state.

Wednesday, 12 December, 2012

“This comes in the context of the UN’s decision,” Allam Jarrar of the Palestinian NGO Network told reporters on Tuesday morning, “boycott Israel” leaflets strewn on the floor of the raided office. “This a message by the Israelis to the Palestinians, saying that when they take decisions or form patriotic organisations to seek their freedom, the occupation will use aggression to try and stop us,” he said. On its website, Addameer said that the raid, in which computers were confiscated and office furniture and equipment were destroyed, is the first raid of the organisation’s offices since Ramallah was invaded in 2002. “At this moment, we are not clear as to what has

been confiscated, but in the coming days we will know more about the level of destruction and damage,” the statement read. The Israeli military did not immediately comment. The West Bank has seen mounting clashes between Israeli soldiers and Palestinian protesters, leaving two Palestinians dead since the launch on November 14 of an eight-day Israeli offensive in the Gaza Strip. Nighttime arrests of Palestinians suspected by Israel of ‘illegal’ activity have awoken small towns throughout the West Bank in the last week, provoking exchanges of gunfire by troops and stones heaved at them by increasingly defiant locals.

ental province, have lost their homes and are crowded inside evacuation centres or staying with relatives. “In my 15 years of service to the Red Cross, I have not seen such great destruction and devastation,” Gwendolyn Pang, secretary general of the Philippine Red Cross, told Al Jazeera. “Almost everyone there is homeless, there is no clean water ... there is very limited medical care.” Families and fishing companies reported losing contact with more than 313 fishermen at sea. The fishermen from southern General Santos city and nearby Sarangani province left a few days before Bopha hit the main southern island of Mindanao. The fishermen were headed to the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea and to the Pacific Ocean and there had been no contact from them for a week.

Strauss-Kahn settles suit with hotel maid neW yorK: Dominique Strauss-Kahn, the former International Monetary Fund (IMF) chief, and the hotel maid who accused him last year of attempting to rape her have agreed to a settlement in her civil lawsuit against him. In a court hearing in New York on Monday, Bronx Supreme Court Justice Douglas McKeon announced the two sides had reached a deal to end the litigation, but said details of the settlement, including the amount of any damages to be paid to Nafissatou Diallo by Strauss-Kahn, will not be made public. The case stemmed from a May 2011 hotel suite encounter in which Diallo reported Strauss-Kahn forced her to perform oral sex and tried to rape her after she went to clean his room. Strauss-Kahn, 63, said the encounter was consensual, calling her suit defamatory and launching a countersuit for $1m. After the announcement of the settlement, Diallo said: “I just want to say I thank everyone who supported me, all over the world. I thank everybody. I thank God, and God bless you all.” “Ms Diallo is a strong and courageous woman who never lost faith in our justice system,” said Kenneth Thompson, her lawyer. “With this resolution she can now move on with her life.” Originally, the case had spurred criminal charges, which prosecutors later dropped amid concerns about Diallo’s credibility. They said she had wavered in recounting her movements after the alleged attack and lied to them about her past, including a convincing but fictitious story of being gang-raped before. AGENCIES


KHI 12-12-2012_Layout 1 12/12/2012 2:17 AM Page 9

News 09 REKo diq CAsE

Companies not above constitution, says CJ ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

Chief Justice Iftikhar Mohammad Chaudhry on Tuesday said it was mandatory to consider Article 5 of the Constitution when entering into an agreement with a foreign company, adding that no company, whether foreign or local, was above the constitution. A three-member bench of the apex court, headed by Chief Justice Iftikhar, was hearing the Reko Diq case. During the hearing, the chief justice remarked that Article 5 of the Constitution made Pakistani law

applicable to everyone inside Pakistani territory and that there was no requirement of citizenship for the law to apply. Chief Justice Iftikhar further said that the Pakistan Steel Mills (PSM) contract was cancelled as it was in violation with the law, adding that, the same would apply to the Reko Diq agreement. The chief justice questioned as to how the government of Balochistan could object to concessions on the issue of Reko Diq which were earlier granted by the provincial government itself. He added that the Balochistan government should rectify to its own mistakes instead of passing on

the onus to the court. Counsel for the Balochistan government, Ahmer Bilal Soofi, informed the court that the concessions granted were against the law and the issue came into light upon review of the records. Chief Justice Iftikhar responded saying that concessions aside, a contract had no legal status if it was not in accordance with the law. The chief justice said any amendment made to the contract would have to be in accordance with the law, adding that, the Contract Act allowed limited amendments to be made in case of a mistake in an agreement.

Nawaz, Zardari equally responsible for country’s woes, says Imran g

PTi chief says Nawaz did nothing for the poor in over 25 years of rule in Punjab LODHRAN

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AGENCIES

AKISTAN Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Chairman Imran Khan on Tuesday said Nawaz Sharif and Asif Ali Zardari were equally responsible for the economic slaughter of people of Pakistan. Addressing various public gatherings held to mark the launch of his mass contact drive, Khan said even if all government parties joined hands, they could not stop the tsunami of change. “The tsunami of change would sweep away plunderers of national wealth, feudal lords and the discriminatory system,” he said. The PTI chief promised that his party would introduce a new foreign policy, ensure justice to all segments of society where the poor and feudal would be treated in the same manner and the provision of basic amenities like education, health, employment would be responsibility of the state. He promised to bring to book the killers of PPP chairperson Benazir Bhutto, stating that the UN report had also indicated that some insiders were involved in her assassination. Holding the Punjab government responsible for chaos and deterioration in Punjab, Khan said Nawaz Sharif ruled Punjab Province for over 25 years but did nothing for the poor. He said the Nawaz-Zardari alliance was continuing for the past five years and they had done nothing for the people. “Nawaz helped Zardari’s rule for five years. Now he is claiming to take his turn and rule the poor of Pakistan. The people now know his real face and they won’t allow him to continue the fake fight between PPP and PMl-N. Nawaz Sharif ruled Punjab for 25 years and also served as prime minister twice but he did noth-

MEdiA ACCouNtAbiLity CAsE

SC summons acting PEMRA chairman ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

The Supreme Court has summoned Pakistan Electronic Media Regularity Authority’s (PEMRA) acting chairman Abdul Jabbar to appear in court today (Wednesday) and explain why a chairman has not been appointed since two years. The bench comprising Justice Jawad S Khwaja and Justice Khilji Arif was hearing applications seeking media’s accountability. Justice Khwaja questioned how the acting chairman could handle affairs of the body for two years. During the hearing, anchorperson Hamid Mir told the bench that the journalists, who PEMRA had allegedly contacted before drafting media’s code of conduct, have denied being contacted. The petition, filed by TV anchors Mir and Absar Alam, prayed to the Supreme Court to form a commission that will be responsible for inquiring about the source of income of TV channel owners, advertising agencies and anchorpersons.

Nawaz calls for resolution of Baloch problems

laHore: The arrest of the murderers of Akbar Bughti and the solution of the problems of the people of Balochistan is essential for the removal of their sense of deprivation, PMl-N President Nawaz Sharif said on Tuesday. He said repeated martial laws had promoted a sense of deprivation in Balochistan and the government had done nothing to redress their grievances but had rather aggravated their problems. He said redressing the grievances of the people of Balochistan was a national responsibility, adding that they should be given their due rights. He said the PMl-N was in contact with the political leaders of Balochistan and it would continue to raise its voice for their rights and solution of their problems. He was talking to the leaders of Balochistan National Party including Dr Jehanzeb Jamal Deeni, Jehanzeb Bloach, and former MNA Rauf Mengal, who called on him to exchange views on national and political situation especially with reference to Balochistan. Separately, former federal minister belonging to Faisalabad, Raja Nadir Pervaiz also met Nawaz and discussed the current political situation in the country. Khwaja Muhammad Asif and Senator Pervaiz Rashid were also present in the meeting. STAFF REPORT

Four army personnel among 15 killed in Khuzdar road mishap ing for the poor. What change is he claiming to bring in his new Pakistan,” argued Khan, adding that like an incapable man, Nawaz was in a habit to copying the slogans raised by the PTI. Flanked by PTI leaders, Khan said small farmers were badly hit due to the anti-poor policies of the government and prices of urea, pesticides and other commodities had been increased time and again. He said continued load shedding had added to the problems of the small

farmers and the lack of water had affected the agriculture sector. The PTI chief advised Nawaz Sharif to change his behaviour if he was really sincere in bringing about a change in Pakistan. “There are only 20 guards for the Queen of England, but 1,260 policemen have been escorting the Sharif family. With thousands of guards and Raiwind Palace to live in, Nawaz behaves like a Mughal emperor,” Khan remarked. He asked Nawaz to share the details

of assets and tax returns of his entire family with the people of Pakistan and bring all his wealth to Pakistan if he believed in a new Pakistan. The PTI chief specifically pointed towards the youngsters present in the public meeting in a large number, saying the youth were the real ambassadors of change. He lauded the role of Insaf Students Federation (ISF) in holding the public meeting, asking the youth to go to towns and cities and spread the word of change.

Quetta: At least 15 people, including four Pakistan Army personnel, were killed and another 15 were injured after a head-oncollision between a passenger bus and an oil tanker took place in Khuzdar. According to rescue officials, the passenger bus, traveling from Quetta to Karachi, collided with the oil tanker on the National Highway near Khuzdar, leaving six killed and another 16 injured. At least 70 passengers were on board, when the collision happened, they said. The injured and bodies had been shifted to CMH Khuzadar where some of the injured are said to be in critical state. ONLINE

Ashraf says Pakistan all out for peace and stability in Afghanistan g

PM says exchange of delegations between Pakistan, Afghanistan essential for better relations ISLAMABAD APP

Prime Minister Raja Pervaiz Ashraf on Tuesday said the exchange of delegations between Pakistan and Afghanistan would develop trust and understanding between the people of the two countries, which will in turn help improve bilateral relations. Talking to an 18-member Afghan parliamentary delegation at the Prime Minister’s House, Ashraf expressed hope that the delegation would have useful discussions during its visit to Pakistan. Referring to the recent visit of High Peace Council Chairman Salahuddin Rabbani and Foreign Minister Zalmai Rassoul, the prime minister said he was pleased that the relations were now moving in the right direction. Assuring the delegation that Pakistan was all out for peace and stability in Afghanistan, he said, “We are neigh-

bours who have to live together and our generations will have to live together”. Senator Abdul Wali Raji, member of the Meshrano Jirga drew the attention of the prime minister to delay in clearance of goods destined for Kabul at the Karachi seaport. Another member of the Afghan delegation welcomed Pakistan’s proposal to convene a clerics’ conference between the two countries and suggested that interactions of academia,

media and other sections of the society should also be encouraged for a better understanding between the two countries. Prime Minister Ashraf assured the Afghan delegation that he would look into the complaint regarding the delay in clearance of Afghan goods at Karachi seaport and welcomed the proposal for interaction of all sections of the society of the two countries. National Assembly Speaker Faisal

Karim Kundi, Minister for National Food Security and Research Mir Israrullah Zehri, Minister for Overseas Pakistanis Farooq Sattar, Minister for Information and Broadcasting Qamar Zaman Kaira, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Malik Amad Khan, Minister of State for Commerce Senator Abbas Afridi, Senator Jahangir Badar, Senator Haji Muhammad Adeel and other senior officials were also present.

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10 Comment Democracy and elections Dedicated to the legacy of the late Hameed Nizami

Arif Nizami Editor Lahore – Ph: 042-36375963-5 Fax: 042-32535230 Karachi – Ph: 021-35381208-9 Fax: 021-35381208 Islamabad – Ph: 051-2287414-6 Fax: 051-2287417 Web: www.pakistantoday.com.pk Email: editorial@pakistantoday.com.pk

Charity begins at home Education problems: lack of action as much as forces of darkness

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hile at UNESCO HQs in Paris, it’s quite appropriate to talk about the importance of female education in the development of society. Malala Yusufzai richly deserved the high profile ‘Stand up for Malala’ event for displaying unusual courage in supporting the right of girls to go to schools, thus challenging the militants in Swat and inviting their wrath. The President also did well to contribute $10 million in “The Malala Fund for Girl’s Right to Education”. But what have the successive governments done, including the present one, to promote education, particularly female education in Malala Yusufzai’s own country? Government leaders are never short of clichés when it comes to highlighting the importance of education or closing the gender gap. But when it comes to real action i.e., allocation of resources, most of the money goes somewhere else. And whenever other government agencies need more funds in an emergency, the axe is bound to fall on allocations for development and education. Malala no doubt fell victim to “forces of darkness”. But in most of Pakistan it is not just the “forces of darkness” which Zardari rightly held responsible for attack on Malala that stands in the way of female education. As things stand, there is a widespread demand for schools in all the four provinces of Pakistan. The state, it seems, has abdicated its responsibility despite being a signatory to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. Consequently, there is a shortage of schools in the public sector while those in the private sector are beyond the reach of most common people. Corruption and nepotism on the part of politicians has led to political appointments and the phenomenon of ghost schools i.e., schools that exist on paper, with teachers drawing salaries, but with no teaching facility on the ground. A UNESCO report published only a couple of months before Zardari’s speech in Paris brought out the gravity of the situation through statistics. It revealed that out of the total school-going age children, 5.1 million don’t go to school. Out of these 63 percent are girls! And what do we teach the students in both private and public schools? A content analysis report, based on the textbooks approved by the Punjab and Sindh textbook boards, reveals that the school curricula is replete with content that fans hatred and prejudices and promotes religious intolerance. Those who supervise the preparation of the curriculum are government officials, not the forces of darkness operating from the tribal areas. This goes on because the government high-ups are not bothered about what is being taught in the name of education. Will the Supreme Court have to intervene to get Article 25-A of the Constitution asking the state “to provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of five to sixteen years” implemented?

Contrary to popular wishes, democracy does not solve problems by itself

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he recently concluded by-elections for six provincial assembly seats and two national assembly seats shows that political parties have strong interest in the electoral process. These elections were keenly contested and their results led to speculations about what was likely to happen in the general elections. This is in sharp contrast to periodic rumours that the general elections may not be held on time. The arguments for not holding the elections are the usual ones. How could Pakistan’s troubled economy afford an election? The law and order situation is not suitable for elections? There must be accountability first by a nonpartisan technocrat government. What is the use of elections if the same people accused of corruption return to power? Given Pakistan’s experience of long years of military and authoritarian rule, there is always support for administrative, non-democratic methods of governance and political management. Some people think that anything short of an ideal or textbook democracy means no democracy at all. They wish for some powerful, assertive and a brutally honest leader to surface from somewhere and rectify all ills of the society even if he has to kill a large number of people. The “waiting for some saviour” approach is unrealistic and gives way to some oppressive ruler who sneaks into power by conspiracy and manipulation and then establishes a personalised and dictatorial regime in the name of cleansing the society. Such a ruler raises emotive slogans to cover up his inability to address the long term threat to the society, rules by increasing social and political divisions and cleansing the society only of the people that question his rule. By Dr Hasan Askari Rizvi At times, the arguments based on religious orthodoxy are used to negate democracy by claiming that democracy and election are western implants which violate the basic tenets of Islam. This democracy is of no use because the poor cannot contest the elections, it is argued. Democracy evolves gradually rather than suddenly shaping up in full bloom. There is no such thing as ‘perfect democracy’ except in textbooks. Even the most wellknown democratic political systems experience problems and deficiencies because the needs and re-

quirements of the people and society change over time, new targets of socio-economic developments are fixed that call for constant effort and struggle for improvement. Democracy grows in a graduated manner from less to more democracy provided it is practiced without any serious interruption and efforts are made to make mid-course correction to improve its quality. The real question is not if democracy is perfect in all respects but how far we are working for making it better than what was the situation in the past. Are we working for identifying its weaknesses and problems and make an effort to improve it by involving the government and the people? Democracy stands for some ideals and prescribes ways and means in principle to achieve them. Democracy does not solve problems by itself but offers methods to address societal problems. It is the responsibility of the representative government and the society as a whole to solve the problems through democratic means. Even if the constitution and law establishes a democratic political order it may not change the situation if political and social activists do not practice its ideals and methods. Different institutions and processes of the state and society must reflect democratic ideals and function in accordance with the prescribed ways and means. Democracy is judged at two levels: formal structure and its substance or quality. The formal structure means constitutional provisions and laws, institutions like legislature, executive, judiciary, political parties and societal groups, etc. It also includes processes like elections, interaction among political and societal groups, societal procedures and interaction among the people and the communities. The substance and quality of democracy refers to how the institutions and processes actually do their required task. We need to focus on performance and achievements keeping in view the ideals of the state and society. Simply having an elected assembly or elected executive is not enough, we have to examine how do these perform their “job”? How far these work towards translating democratic ideals into political and societal realities and work towards improving the quality of life for the people? Elections are central to democratic process but simply the exercise of elections is

not enough. These must be fair, free and transparent so that the people have a genuine opportunity to elect their leaders. The quality of elections is extremely important for strengthening democracy in a country. The rulers in a democracy must have two types of legitimacy. The electoral legitimacy implies getting elected in a fair and free electoral election. Once in power, the political leadership needs what is described as the performance legitimacy to hold on to power. This implies the quality of governance and political management. How far the government is able to provide an effective, efficient and generally corruption-free and “just” governance in terms of the rule of law and equitable allocation of state resources? What are its social development policies relating to education, health care, civic facilities, economy and job creation? The performance legitimacy sustains the government and strengthens the people’s attachment with the political system, especially democracy. The by-elections held earlier this month show a clear commitment of people and political parties to the electoral process. However, the media reported some deficiencies and wrong practices in the elections in the form of physical fights and use of weapons for aerial firing. All these complaints must be investigated and the political activists must be warned against using these methods. If action is not taken against those involved in wrong practices, they will be encouraged to resort to such methods at a bigger scale in the general elections. There is no reason to postpone the general elections because this would not solve any of Pakistan’s economic, social problems including religious extremism and terrorism. The election commission must continue to engage political parties and societal groups for consultations on ways and means to hold orderly and peaceful elections. Any deviation from the path of elections will erode the legitimacy of those who hold on to power i.e., the present rulers, or a long term interim government. This will accentuate internal dissension and conflict and weaken the government’s capacity to cope with the complex problems currently faced by Pakistan. The writer is an independent political and defence analyst.

The Taliban in Paris Towards solution

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he official word from the Taliban is that they will be in Paris for discussions with the US and its western allies and with the former Northern Alliance representing the Karzai government in Afghanistan. This is an amazing development on several counts. It indicates that the Taliban are a cohesive organised group with clear-cut policies and that they think that the time has come for them to be part of the reconciliation process. It is nothing short of a miracle that they have decided to become a part of the intra-Afghan dialogue supposedly led by the Afghan government but actu-

Wednesday, 12 December, 2012

ally a joint US-Pakistan venture. Not surprising then that President Karzai feels left out and has tried to gain a toehold by blaming the US for the situation in Afghanistan and Pakistan for a recent assassination attempt on the Afghan intelligence chief. Mr Karzai knows full well that the attack could have been planned anywhere in Pakistan or Afghanistan but that does not make it something sponsored by the state of Pakistan. The US, in a recently released Pentagon report, has clearly stated that the problem in Afghanistan is the lack of state capacity in Afghanistan, the high level of corruption there and the sanctuaries in Pakistan’s western border areas (created as a result of the fighting in Afghanistan). It is also not surprising that with the start of the endgame in Afghanistan, the US and Pakistan are at pains to point out that their rocky relationship is back on

track — at least for the 2014 transition in Afghanistan for which the progress in 2013 is critically important. A 25-member US delegation participated in the USPakistan Defense Consultative Group meeting in Pakistan and both sides expressed satisfaction at the positive outcome. There have been other discussions between the two countries on energy and economic issues. The Pakistani foreign minister declared the US-Pakistan relationship ‘back on track’ with all issues resolved and accompanied by the army chief she was in Brussels for discussions and briefings that seem to have gone well. Given the track record of the US-Pakistan relationship, Pakistanis may be forgiven for asking if all this is for real and sustainable after 2014 or is it to get Pakistan on board till the transition in Afghanistan is completed without a serious mishap?. After all when the US left after the USSR exited from Afghanistan,

not only was Pakistan left to face the blow-back but it was also slapped with sanctions unable to effectively support the indigenous uprising in Kashmir against Indian atrocities. Pakistan has responded positively to US overtures and the Taliban it holds are being released — free to travel and participate in the negotiations that might lead to political stability in Afghanistan. There is a realisation all around that the reconciliation and dialogue track could eventually lead to the all important phase of direct US-Taliban negotiations with Pakistan’s support. The danger of failure on the reconciliation front is that there may be reversion to a civil-war environment given the fact that warlords are alive and well. Ismail Khan’s recent gathering in Herat indicated that this could happen. There is also the realisation that with continued US presence in Afghanistan beyond 2014, the Taliban could not depend on external

support in an all-out bid for power — as they had attempted earlier. The fact that Pakistan wants peace and stability in Afghanistan to deal with the insurgents in its western border areas, and that it wants Afghanistan to deny support and sanctuaries to such groups, creates convergence in objectives. Trouble may come from a split in the Afghan government ranks if Karzai decides to play hard ball, especially because of the remarkable cohesion being displayed by the Taliban. Much will also depend on how many US troops stay on in Afghanistan with guesses that put the figure anything between 10,000 to 25,000, what kind of a status of forces agreement is drawn up for these troops and significantly on the capacity of the Afghan security forces. Spearhead Analyses are the result of a collaborative effort and not attributable to a single individual.


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Comment 11

Kalabagh dam

Editor’s mail

Facts, fears and misconceptions By Sultan Barq

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he Honourable Chief Justice of the lahore High Court has issued an historic judgment that will determine whether we live like a respectable but poor country or as a perpetually poor and without sovereignty country. I am sure the majority of Pakistan will realise the difference and avoid making irresponsible decisions. The minister for water and power killed Kalabagh dam (KBD) project without really understanding the need and displaying any leadership qualities. The project should have started in 1976-77 and by now, we should have been working on the third or fourth mega dam after the KDB. We waste 45-55 percent of our already deficit water resources to sea every year. This alone can explain the reasons for our poverty. The project was delayed by Gen Zia-ul-Haq, who was more interested in the death of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. The same was later damaged by Gen Musharraf who was more interested in killing his entire opposition. He appointed Mr Abbasi and Mr Nisar Memon, who were beneficiaries in Sindh for abusing Punjab and opposing Kalabagh dam, without any understanding or logic. This vividly explained the seriousness of Gen Musharraf about the dam. Now, the minister has killed the project, presumably forever, without any knowledge of the importance of the project. We are facing acute water shortage, acute energy shortage, acute food shortage, acute fuel shortage and the government is trying to deepen the crises without any reason. In my opinion, (expressed before the High Court Bar) in 1986, “Pakistan will become un-governable and extremely starved by the year 2004 if Kalabagh dam is not constructed and it will be impossible to maintain even status quo in any sector of national economy.” This brief paper has been prepared for the information of general public and press with an objective to clear the doubts and address the criticism against the proposed dam. Pakistan has one of the oldest and best irrigation systems with a capacity to manage 100 MAF of its 114-127 MAF water resources. Due to the pronounced seasonality, about 90 percent of the river flows occur during 2.5-3

months of Monsoon and summers. Storage is, therefore, necessary to ensure year around water supply for agriculture, human consumption and life. Many a people talk about Kalabagh dam without real knowledge. KBD is proposed on the river Indus about 120 miles downstream of Tarbela dam with the planned storage of 6.1 million-acre feet (MAF) of usable water for power and agriculture. It will ultimately generate 3,600 MW of electricity (137 percent more than Tarbela and 83 percent of total current hydel power being generated) at less than Re 2.5 per unit, whereas thermal power costs about Rs 20 per unit. This makes it the largest single power generating project in Asia. The project shall trigger a wave of industrial and commercial activity in Pakistan in which thousands of young men shall get employed and downstream industry all over the country shall get activated to support of the project. It will generate employment opportunities for youth. According to statistics, the per capita commercial energy consumption in Pakistan is about half of the average of low-income developing countries, 1/12th of the world average and 1/54th of the US average. The current energy crisis is hitting all sectors and all dimensions of life. According to a study carried out in 1980s, the opportunity value of a unit-not-available was Rs 14 whereas the cost of electricity at that time was Rs 1.50 a unit and generation cost of hydel was only 12 paisas. Thermal energy needs over 90 percent of imported fuel. It is crippling life, economy and adversely affecting balance of payments. Pakistan is one of the countries that have vast hydropower resources but still has to go a long way before making a serious dent in the total potential. Out of the estimated exploitable potential of 30,000 MW, only about 5,000 MW has been developed so far. Even if human knowledge expands beyond its present boundaries, so that man could find a more abundant energy resource both in terms of viability and controllability, one could not envisage a resource so multidimensional and in harmony with the environment than hydel power. The intrinsic worth of a hydel scheme cannot be comprehended by simple arithmetic. A dam is a water reserve, a flood control barrier, a boost to agriculture and a clean and renewable source of

energy with very little operating and recurring costs. Continuously reducing storage capacity of Tarbela and Mangla reservoirs has made it impossible to ensure irrigation supplies to crops during critical periods of sowing and maturity. The phenomenon has serious effects on the national integrity. The governor of a province and a federal minister openly alleged another province of stealing the waters. The scarcity of water in future shall encourage many more episodes of mutual distrust resulting in extremely weak federation. In addition to providing large amounts of hydropower and irrigation water, the project will substantially reduce the frequency and severity of damage to life and property due to floods in the downstream areas. Estimated loss due to floods is in excess of US$ 200 billion since 1955. For comparison, total foreign currency debt is in the range of US$ 80 billion. The Project’s planning studies started in 1953 and huge investments to the tune of billions of rupees have already been made to determine the feasibility of the project and preparation of designs. The KBD project has been subjected to comprehensive and exhaustive engineering studies and explorations spread over almost 55 years. No project in the world has been examined as thoroughly as this one. The project has capacity to payback entire cost within five years of operations. The most significant misconceptions about its impact on Nowshera, riverine areas of Sindh, and Blind Dolphin downstream Kotri are extremely misplaced and started by most ill-informed quarters. I propose to invite the interested opposition to Faisal Mosque for an open debate on Kalabagh dam, the date and time of their choice. Finally, I feel pushed for the love of the nation and the fate of millions of the poor, to believe that all those opposing KBD are doing so out of their acute ignorance or they have motives against the economic and geographic survival of the country. On Kalabagh, one can always convince the open minded but can never succeed in convincing the persons with greed, distrust and misplaced apprehensions. The writer can be contacted at: sbarq@yahoo.com

Send your letters to: Letters to Editor, Pakistan Today, 4-Shaarey Fatima Jinnah, Lahore, Pakistan. Fax: +92-42-36298302. E-mail: letters@pakistantoday.com.pk. Letters should be addressed to Pakistan Today exclusively.

Corruption problems One is fed up with hearing fantastic chants of politicians about eradication of corruption from the society. And people in general are used to hear sky high rants of prominent political leaders of different parties that every single rupee received as bribe by anyone, howsoever powerful and influential would be recovered if they come to power. Such rhetoric might be easy to make in order to fetch few votes but difficult to translate into reality when in power. Moreover, corruption is not a new product but is as old as known human history. The notion that the chief motivating force in human progress is self-interest itself includes the element of wrongdoing. It is a sort of malady which increases the more it is nursed, as one of our Urdu poets said “Marz barhata gaya joon joon dawa ki”. The founder of Pakistan in his first presidential address to Constituent Assembly emphasised 1) that the first duty of a government is to maintain law and order so that life, property and religious beliefs of its subject are fully protected by the state; 2) That bribery and corruption are the biggest curse rather a poison, which had to be dealt with iron hand. Alas! Instead, in our country it flourished leaps and bound, although one has witnessed some cosmetic measures to curb this menace by successive governments – dictatorships, or civilians in garb of democracy – but this disease has affected every limb of all institutions. Nevertheless, Mr Jinnah wanted the politicians to concentrate on the wellbeing of people, especially of masses and the poor by working in cooperation, forgetting the past, and burying the hatchets. On the contrary, his followers neither buried their hatchets nor forgot their past animosities to eliminate corruption and maintain law and order to ensure protection of life and property of the poor citizens who live in perpetual fear even in their homes. If the government and politicians are sincere / serious to save Pakistan from an eminent and present disaster, an indiscriminate accountability of every single person weather politician, bureaucrat (civil and military)

industrialist, factory owner, business magnate, stockist, hoarder, property tycoon, journalist, owner of a media house, a religious zealot, lawyer, or the custodian of justice and rule of law is needed. RAJA SHAFAATULLAH Islamabad

Suddle Commission The Suddle Commission formed by the Supreme Court of Pakistan has concluded its deliberations with findings that the two individuals involved in the issue were found to have evaded tax to the tune of Rs 120 billion and five crores rupees individually. Tax evasion is considered to be the biggest financial crime against a modern state because it leads to depriving it of funds necessary for provision of health, education, welfare, basic infrastructure necessary to provide justice and maintain law and order. Yet inspite of these serious repercussions, this crime is being pushed under the carpet by remarks that it is a dispute between two individuals. This is not a dispute between individuals but between the state of Pakistan and criminals involved in depriving it of tax. The state seems to be already collapsing in Pakistan where more funds are collected through extortion from traders in Karachi than are collected legally by FBR. Either the writ of law reigns supreme, or else we will assume that only fools and little people pay taxes in this country, a view which an American billionaires leona Helmsley once dared to express and ended up facing imprisonment for the crime of tax evasion. MALIK TARIQ ALI Illinois, US

Aerial firing I would like to bring to the kind notice of the Sindh government that constant and indiscriminate aerial firing has become a usual occurrence by certain elements late at night in Block18, Gulistan-i-Jauhar, Karachi. The role of the law enforcement agencies is questionable in this regard. The majority of this locality’s residents, especially children and women, are afraid. Furthermore, other uncivilised activities are reported in the area. Political activists move with open arms in the vicinity and spread terror among the residents. It could only be stopped if the law enforcement agencies establish check posts in the area permanently for the peace and comfort of the locality. The authorities are requested to please establish their writ in the area and not allow these elements to spread terror. SYED SADAQAT HUSSAIN Karachi

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12 defends role as Jack Reacher Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa celebrates Dilip Kumar’s 90th birthday

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hE Cultural heritage Council (ChC) of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (K-P) celebrated Dilip Kumar’s 90th birthday on Tuesday, radio Pakistan reported. The birthday celebrations for the renowned Bollywood actor, whose birth name is Muhammad Yusuf Khan, were held at the Peshawar Press Club. The legendary hero and his wife Saira Bano also spoke to the people gathered to celebrate his birthday via telephone from india and praised them for their passion. Speaking on the occasion, KP information Minister iftikhar hussain said the government has spared no efforts in acquiring and granting heritage status to Kumar’s ancestral home in Qissa Khwani Bazaar, Peshawar. NEwS DESK

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Om Cruise has defended his role as Jack reacher in the first of what could be a new action movie franchise, despite being much slimmer and shorter than the character created by author Lee Child in the original books. Cruise told at the world premiere of “Jack reacher” in London that he would not have taken the part if British thriller writer Child had been unhappy. Child’s version of reacher - a military sniper - is 6 foot 5 inches tall and weighs over 200 pounds (91 kilograms). Cruise, 50, is just 5 foot 7 inches tall according to the Internet movie Database, and has a trim physique. “You know, he (Child) created the character, I had my own opinion that I didn’t say to Lee and then he came back and pretty much reflected what I had felt about it. But had he said ‘look I’d rather not’, I would not have played the character,” Cruise said. Cruise described reacher’s size as a “characteristic” rather than a “character.” “Jack reacher,” to be released later this month, is based on “One Shot” - one of the series of best-selling novels by Child about the eponymous former soldier turned drifter who travels the United States dealing out his own brand of justice. British actress rosamund Pike, who plays the female lead, said she hoped there will be many more reacher movies. “We hope this is going to be a great big new franchise for Tom and for Paramount and so to be in the first one is always kind of cool ... It’s witty, it’s fast-moving, the plot is ... puzzling and incisive and quite dark in places. You know the humor and the violence in this film is pretty edgy and I like that about it,” Pike said. Cruise was also a producer on the Paramount Pictures movie, which is due for release in the United States on December 21. NEwS DESK

Lady GaGa Amanda Seyfried watched porn to prepare for film role aMaNDa Seyfried has revealed that she engaged in some unusual preparation to portray porn star linda lovelace in an upcoming biopic. Seyfried told the Sun newspaper she watched lovelace’s adult movies, including her famous role in a 1972 porn film. The 27-year-old actress even re-enacted scenes from the film. “it’s just so fabricated and just weird and unnatural,” she said. “They’re so funny. it’s the funniest movie.” Seyfried has also told Vanity Fair magazine she held up a shoot during filming because she was laughing too much, when she was required to simulate a sex act. “i was laughing hysterically throughout. i couldn’t stop laughing,” she said. NEwS DESK

LiLo never thanked me for the handout, says Charlie Sheen

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harlie Sheen has revealed that although he loaned troubled actress lindsay lohan money, he never received so much as a thank you from her. according to eT, the 47-year-old actor said that he gave the ‘Parent Trap’ star an unspecified amount of money but said it was payment she was due from a project. “i’m still waiting for a text to say ‘thank you.’ anything, you know?” aBC News quoted him as saying. reports place the amount of Sheen’s handout as high as 100,000 dollars. Sheen’s representative has confirmed that the ‘Two and a half Men’ star gave the 26-year-old actress money, though he would not say how much or what it was used for. Sheen said he wished “the best” for lohan, adding that she’s “a very good and decent young lady that is just going through a lot.” “She just needs a little bit of time...People need to give her time to get her s*** together,” he said. NEwS DESK

Wednesday, 12 December, 2012

upsets Russian conservatives with gay support message NEWS DESK lady Gaga is the latest artist to offend the sensibilities of Russian conservatives after the pop star spoke out for gay rights at a weekend concert in St Petersburg. Vitaly Milonov, a conservative MP who authored a controversial law banning “homosexual propaganda” in Russia’s cultural capital, said he would ask prosecutors to investigate lady Gaga for breaking the law. “We will contact prosecutors and the law enforcement agencies to carry out a thorough investigation of the situation,” Milonov told life News, a Kremlin-friendly tabloid. “When people tell kids ‘you must support sexual minorities’, that can create a false equivalence for them between traditional and non-traditional relationships.” lady Gaga, who has long campaigned for gay rights in the US, used her first appearance in Russia to show her support for gay people in the country. Speaking through a translator from the stage, she called for respect for gay rights, saying: “lady Gaga wants to say that she expects respect from others – she’s not here to offend anyone’s religion or faith, she’s here to unite us.” Russia put Madonna on trial in absentia last month after a group of conservative and Russian Orthodox activists sued the pop star for $10.7m, claiming distress at her violation o f

the anti-homosexual propaganda law during a summer concert in St Petersburg. A St Petersburg court threw out the case. Artists in Russia have begun warning of a new “iron curtain” falling over the country, as ever more western stars become targets of the country’s crackdown on culture. last week, prosecutors in St Petersburg opened an investigation into the Hermitage museum after complaints that an exhibit by British artists Jake and Dinos Chapman showed signs of extremism. Responding to the investigation, the Chapman brothers said in a statement: “Note to selves: remember, forget Russia.” The campaign against western artists has grown since the jailing of the punk band Pussy Riot, a case that highlighted the crackdown on freedom of expression in Vladimir Putin’s Russia. “Soon decent people will stop coming here, and all normal people will leave,” celebrated director Kirill Serebrennikov wrote in response to the Hermitage investigation. “And only idiots will remain, who will swarm around their puddles of oil and talk to each other about ‘world conspiracy’, ‘religious feelings’, and ‘homosexual propaganda’. The iron curtain is a product of our own making.” Before performing on Sunday, lady Gaga wrote a message on Twitter thanking Dmitry Medvedev, the prime minister, for declining to support a bill that would ban “homosexual propaganda” throughout the country. Medvedev laughed off the bill, due to be considered on 19 December, during a televised interview last week.

Suraj Sharma: hllywood’s brightest newcomer NEWS DESK After the commercial and critical success of Ang lee’s life of Pi, audiences around the world have been wondering “Who the hell is that kid who plays the lead?” It’s always bittersweet when a director chooses an unknown actor as a lead in their movie. Moviegoers generally prefer to see people on screen that they already know, but it’s also nice to get new talent out there. The faith from directors in new actors have certainly launched the beginning of some great careers, (take Orlando Bloom, for instance) and it looks like the lead in life of Pi will be no different. So who is the young boy who stars in life of Pi? His name is Suraj Sharma. And if you don’t know who he is now (likely), you will in the future. The 19 year old actor, whose acting debut is in the fantasy epic film, has basically gotten all access to the perks of Hollywood after the release of the film. USA Today did an expose on the actor, that revealed his start, his adventures on the set, and his bright, bright future. Sharma got his start in acting in a true case of divine intervention. At just 16, the boy accompanied his brother to the audition for Pi at a local casting office in New Dehli, India, Sharma’s home town. As he waited in the office, he was encouraged to “give it a shot” as well. That small shot lead Sharma to the chance of a life time. Despite no previous experience, lee said that he chose Sharma for the pivotal role because of his “poignant” audition and “soulful eyes.” And instead of penalizing the young boy for his inexperience, the veteran director celebrated it. He treated the movie as a training experience for the actor saying, “You don’t have to take anything out. The best actor is talent and where you start from zero.” After an intense 227 days of shooting, Sharma didn’t go wild on the streets of Hollywood with all of his new found fame. Instead, the actor went back to school in India. He now studies philosophy at St. Stephen’s College in New Dehli. It seems that sharma has the mentality to put his whole heart into every endeavor he sets out to do. The actor had to miss some of the European premieres for life of Pi, on a count of his college finals! How’s that for dedicated?Although Sharma is currently back at school, he’s caught the acting bug. The boy revealed “Hopefully I’ll get to make movies,” he revealed.


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13 A baby girl is exactly what our home needed:

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NEWS DESK

H E 45-year-old actor also has son Aarav, 10, with wife Twinkle and he said he does not face any problem taking care of a newborn all over again after so many years. ‘I seem to have remembered all the little techniques that make a baby go gaga when I enter the room. So far everything has just been so smooth. My wife is over the moon and in her elements right now. A baby girl is exactly what our home needed,’ Akshay told PTI. ‘Now me and my son are gonna have to stick together to fight for male pride in the house. Or least fight for our Sunday cricket matches and that is about it. The rest of the time we are more than happy to live for all the women in our family,’ he added. This has been a good year for Akshay with three of his films ‘Housefull 2’, ‘Rowdy Rathore’ and ‘OMG! Oh My God’ tasting roaring success at the box office. His last film of the year ‘Khiladi 786’, a very commercial action film, has just hit theatres. ‘It is the kind of action that makes you be a part of some good fun at the cinema. You can call it over the top, or insane, even incredible if you wish! Action of any kind can be admired in any way you wish; there are a million or more opinions and expectations to please,’ he said.

Jenni Rivera’s family holds out hope she’s alive NEWS DESK

Tom Cruise walks the red carpet in London for his film, Jack reacher.

Despite the fact that the National Transportation Safety Board declared there are no survivors of the crashed learjet that was carrying iconic singer Jenni Rivera, her family are still holding out for a “miracle.” Jenni’s brother Juan Rivera expressed on Monday: “In our eyes we still have faith that our sister is okay. We still have no confirmation of her body being recovered, dead or alive.” Bodies have been recovered from the crash site, and were reportedly taken to a hospital Monday, but it will still take a few days for the DNA tests to process. While the singer’s family understand there is a 95% chance their beloved Jenni died in the accident, Juan went on to explain: “We believe in that 5 % because we don’t have Jenni’s body or an indication that [what Mexican authorities found] is Jenni. God makes miracles happen.” And we pray for that glimmer of hope be made into reality! Our hearts go out to Jenni’s family… we can’t begin to imagine what they are going through. May Jenni rest in peace, even if it is just temporary.

Are celebs behind their leaked photos? NEWS DESK Recent years have seen an array of stars, who have had their pictures leaked accidently or intentionally on the Internet. Almost a favourite celebrity pastime, right from stars like Rihanna and Blake lively to Scarlett Johansson and Vanessa Hudgen, have had pictures taken by themsleves on camera phones ‘leaked’ for the world to see. And now scientists say one’s willingness to share naked pictures of themselves with others is actually in a bid to feel wanted. The desire to send naked pictures is hard-wired into human brains, says a recent study. “Being desired is very arousing to women,” says clinical psychologist Marta Meana, president of the Society for Sex Therapy and Research. “Data indicates that the way women feel about themselves may be important to their experience of sexual desire and subjective arousal, possibly even outweighing the impact of their partners’ view of them.” “look, I’m human. And just like every girl in this world, I admire my body so I take pics,” said singer Teyana Taylor after her pictures were leaked. Here are some celebs, who have been in the news for their leaked pictures... Hayley Williams Hayley Williams is the lead singer of the American rock group Paramore. She took a topless picture of herself and accidently put it on her Twitter account. riHanna While Rihanna is known to regularly treat her fans to her scantily clad pictures, her ex-boyfriend, Chris Brown allegedly released pictures of a naked Rihanna, which she had shot herself using a camera phone. Jessica alba Mother-of-two Jessica Alba, too, joins the

club of celebs, who have accidently had their pictures leaked. miley cyrus Miley Cyrus has several provocative pictures, clicked by herself, floating around on the Internet. However, there is one, which shows her topless in a bathroom mirror. Vanessa Hudgens High School Musical star Vanessa Hudgens has two sets of naked pictures leaked on the web. Although her legal team is doing it’s best to remove them, some continue to be present. scarlett JoHansson One of the recent celebs, who had her pictures leaked, Scarlett Johansson has claimed her phone was hacked into. However, many claim it was a well planned move by her publicist. blaKe liVely Another Gossip Girl star, Blake lively also has two sets of nude pics to her credit. asHley greene

nude photo leak in 2009 before the release of Twilight: New Moon when she sent nude photos of herself to her boyfriend, who then leaked them onto the Internet. However, there was a lot of speculation that Ashley leaked the photos herself in an attempt to boost her popularity.

Kareena happier after marriage: Farah Khan NEWS DESK Farah Khan, who has choreographed Kareena Kapoor for Dabangg 2 song Fevicol Se, says the actress seems to be happier after her wedding with Saif Ali Khan. Farah and Kareena have worked together before, but the former feels their bonding became stronger while shooting for the song. “Kareena’s bonding with me became good after the song. She is also relaxed and is in a happier state after marriage. She is hardworking,” Farah said at the launch of a new channel, Nick Juniors Tuesday. Farah says both Kareena and Salman Khan were very supportive during the shoot. “Kareena has put in a lot of effort. She rehearsed a lot for it. In fact, she let me do whatever I wanted for the costumes and look,” said the choreographer. “Salman was learning everything in one rehearsal. The shooting of the movie was over and the song was at the end, so everyone was relaxed. It was fun shooting in the end,” Farah added. After Kareena’s song Halkat jawaani from Heroine became a hit, Farah wanted to give the actress a completely different look in Fevicol se.

Twilight star Ashley Greene suffered a

Wednesday, 12 December, 2012


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Infotainment 14 CIA agent who found Bin Laden is having trouble at work

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F you’re not already aware of the bullheaded CIA agent whose persistent pressure to track Al Qaeda couriers helped lead the way to bin laden’s compound, you’re about to be. The main character of Zero Dark Thirty, the soon-to-be released Oscar bait that portrays the story of the Bin laden raid “is based on a real person” whose identity remains classified as she’s still working for the CIA. Things at langley haven’t been going so well for said secret, soon-to-be an anonymous celebrity spy, though. In fact, according to a new Washington Post report, things sound like they’re going pretty poorly. She’s been passed over for a promotion, pissed off all her coworkers and sounds generally unpopular. The scenario sounds like a plot line from Homeland. (Actually, it sounds like the plot line from Homeland, but that’s another blog post for another day.) The anonymous agent, a woman in her mid-30s, got her start as a “targeter,” someone who recruits spies or identifies targets for drone strikes. She’s known for being uniquely dedicated to her work, the type that stands up for an idea before anyone else is even giving it consideration. Such was the idea to hawk Bin laden’s couriers, and one of her follow officers told The Post that she “was one of the people from very early on pushing this.” If you watch the trailer for Zero Dark Thirty, you’ll catch a mention of this point. A Navy SEAl asks his teammate why he believes the story behind their next mission, a mission to kill Osama bin laden, and the teammate answers, “Her confidence,” pointing to the character based on this CIA agent. It shouldn’t be too much of a surprise that this agent’s stubbornness and imminent fame is a sensitive issue with her colleagues. After the successful raid, this agent and a few others were awarded the CIA’s highest honor for non-combat officers, the Distinguished Intelligence Medal. Instead of congratulating her coworkers, she hit reply-all on an email to the recipients and said that only she deserved the award, since everybody else tried to get in her way when she knew she was right. (Homeland fans, just imagine every scene with

Evolution of intelligence tied to duplicate genes in ancient sea worm

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EVERAl “brainy” genes that were duplicated in a tiny sea creature nearly 550 million years ago may have led to the massive expansion in intelligence in vertebrate species, two new studies have found. The studies, published in the journal Nature Neuroscience, suggest this duplication of certain genes spurred an explosion in the number of chemicals that regulate brain function in vertebrates (animals with backbones), thereby leading to greater intelligence, the research suggests. “This genome event produced a kind of cognitive big bang; it produced a large set of interesting behavior,” said study coauthor Seth Grant, a neuroscientist at the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom. “It produced a molecular toolbox, which in the case of the brain, produced many, many more proteins that you find in the synapses, the junctions between nerve cells.” The study showed that changes, or mutations, in these genes lead to learning problems in both mice and humans, as well as psychological disorders in humans, said Jeffrey Boore, the CEO of Genome Project Solutions, who was not involved in the study. NEwS DESK

Carrie and her bosses, ever.) Around the same time and for unknown reasons, the agent was passed over for a promotion that could’ve brought her an extra $16,000 a year in income, though she did receive a cash reward of an undisclosed amount for her work on the bin laden case. In a way, this sort of internal drama is just

how things work at langley, says one former CIA officer. “Do you know how many CIA officers are jerks?” the former officer told The Post. “If that was a disqualifier, the whole National Clandestine Service would be gone.” He added, “The agency is a funny place, very insular. It’s like middle schoolers with clearances.” NEwS DESK

Oldest Pharaoh carvings found in Egypt

The oldest-known representations of a pharaoh are carved on rocks near the Nile River in southern Egypt, researchers report. The carvings were first observed and recorded in the 1890s, but only rediscovered in 2008. In them, a white-crowned figure travels in ceremonial processions and on sickle-shaped boats, perhaps representing an early tax-collecting tour of Egypt. The scenes place the age of the carvings between 3200 B.C. and 3100 B.C., researchers report in the December issue of the journal Antiquity. During that time, Egypt was transitioning into the dynastic rule of the pharaohs. “It’s really the end of prehistory and the beginning of history,” in Egypt, study researcher Maria Gatto told liveScience. Gatto, a Yale University researcher, led the archaeologists who rediscovered the site in 2008. Archaeologist Archibald Sayce first sketched the carvings, found at the village Nag el-Hamdulab, in the 1890s, but the only record of Sayce’s discovery was a partial illustration published in a book. The site was then forgotten until the 1960s, when Egyptian archaeologist labib Habachi took photographs of the carvings, which he never published. It wasn’t until one of these photos resurfaced in 2008 that Gatto and her team started searching for the site, which many people assumed had been destroyed in the interim. Some of the carvings have indeed been vandalized since the 1960s, but Gatto and her team found the etched rocks in a natural amphitheater west of Nag el-Hamdulab. They then compared the carv-

ings to Habachi’s 1960s photographs. There are seven carvings scattered throughout the area, and many are tableaus of boats flanked by prisoners. One of the most extensive carvings shows five boats, one of which houses the whitecrowned pharaoh, his fan-bearer and two standardbearers. Falcon and bull insignia on the pharaoh’s boat symbolize royalty, further emphasized by the four men with ropes standing alongside that boat, likely towing it along the Nile. A hieroglyph labels this scene a “nautical following,” a likely reference to the following of Horus, Gatto said. In this periodic royal jaunt across Egypt, the pharaoh cemented power and collected taxes. Thus, not only do the carvings represent the oldest known vision of a pharaoh, they may also show the oldest Egyptian tax campaign. Other carvings include a scene of people and dogs herding cattle and a cluster of animals, two of them apparently some mythical partlion beasts. The other animals are familiar native African species, including two ostriches, an ibex and a bull. Another scene shows the brewing and drinking of beer, perhaps a reference to a festival. First King?: The style of the carvings and hieroglyphics place the creation of the images around 3200 B.C. to 3100 B.C., Gatto said. This would have been the reign of Narmer, the first pharaoh to unify Upper and lower Egypt. Based on the symbols of power and control in the carvings, Gatto and her colleagues believe the artwork came from the first part of Narmer’s reign, before he unified both parts of Egypt. NEwS DESK

Twitter-instagram wars start

On the the same afternoon that Instagram updated its mobile apps with a new filter called Willow, Twitter debuted long rumored photo filters of its own Monday. And so the social-media filter wars begin. This whole thing heated up last week when Instagram pulled its Twitter Cards, meaning that full images from the photo-sharing app would no longer show up in your Twitter stream (or at least not for long). All of which got a lot of people very upset, but which is suddenly a lot easier to explain now that Twitter has officially taken Instagram’s signature thing — a layer that makes your photos instantly better — and integrated it into its platform. Now, instead of having to go through Instagram to tweet a more beautiful image of pizza, or whatever, you can do that right on Twitter. So users have twice the filtration options, which sounds like overkill to us. Compared to the 20 filters that Instagram offers, Twitter’s nine are more limited. But for those who were used to integrating pictures into their tweets, the Twitter app does make a lot of sense. Twitter’s feature also included cropping and sizing — something that Instagram only added in its update today. We’re not sure it will make sense for most people to use both apps. But some people have completely separate Instagram and Twitter networks, in which case this will actually make things easier. For others, though, the changes will require separate posts if you wan filtered photos to show up in your stream on both networks. It’s just a lot of work for a startup war users probably want nothing to do with. NEwS DESK

Men steal, sniff dog and human ashes

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NE of three Florida men who stole and snorted human and dog ashes was sentenced Friday to more than eight years in prison. Jose David Diaz-Marrero, 20, committed a series of burglaries between December 2010 and January 2011, authorities told the Ocala Star-Banner. In his most heinous crime, Diaz-Marrero, with his accomplices Waldo Soroa and Matrix Andaluz, discovered several urns filled with ashes in a Silver Spring Shore he burglarized on Dec. 15, 2010. The group reportedly thought that the urns contained crushed-up pills, so they tasted and snorted the contents. The men also reportedly stole $1,500 worth of jewelry, a laptop and a 42-inch television. The homeowner returned that night to find that the urns — which contained the ashes of her father and two Great Danes — were gone. Diaz-Marrero pleaded guilty in June to four burglaries, including the ash theft, according to WPBF. He reportedly apologized in court on Friday. NEwS DESK

Facebook and Gmail crash and recover

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acebook’s services were down for many users around the world. The social networking giant said that the problem occurred after it made certain changes to its DNS infrastructure. Google also suffered form outages after its Gmail service spat out 502 error messages. Users jumped onto Twitter and began complaining about the outage, causing the two companies to scramble to fix the problems. Facebook’s problems were resolved within fifteen minutes. However, despite being back online in less than thirty minutes, some Gmail users still faced some problems according to Don Reisinger of CNET. Facebook users were able to go around the problem by visiting subdomains like as o.facebook.com, as it allowed users access to the site through an alternate path. Several inconvenience tweets from the two outages indicated that users were only upset until the services were back online. As soon as they were up and running, most users seemed to get back to their work, forgetting what happened. This is the social network’s first outage since October 2011. Facebook had then blamed the outage, which lasted for an hour, on DNS tests for its European servers. NEwS DESK

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wednesday, 12 December, 2012

Serena eyes more majors in third decade Page 18

Afridi facing uncertain future LAHORE STAFF REPORT

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AKISTAN all-rounder Shahid Afridi’s future looks uncertain after he was dropped for this month's series against archrivals India. There was a time when Shahid Afridi's name would have been the first on Pakistan's one-day international teamsheet, but the allrounder's future looks uncertain after he was dropped for this month's series against arch-rivals India. The 32-year-old has endured a dreadful run of form, scoring just 85 runs in his last 10 ODI innings, prompting selectors to axe him from the 15-man squad for the three-game series starting later this month. While Afridi has retained his spot for the two Twenty20 matches, the warning bells are ringing for the man whose dismissal has often emptied the stands in the past. In his 349 ODIs Afridi has taken 348 wickets and scored 7,075 runs at an electric strike rate of nearly 114 runs per 100 balls but he has not scored a half-century in his last 10 innings, a slump former England great Geoffrey Boycott has called embarrass-

The more we play Tests, the more we’ll improve: Tamim NEWSDESK Tamim Iqbal has renewed the call for more Test cricket for Bangladesh as they go into a three-month break. Their next assignment will be two Test matches against Sri lanka in March, followed by two more against Zimbabwe in April. In 2012, they've played the least number of Tests in a year since their admission into Test cricket. Tamim said that the first Test against West Indies, which was their first in eleven months, showed that they know how to play the game but not how to finish a Test match. "If you don't play enough Tests, you wouldn't have an idea of how to play the game properly. Test cricket is all about habits and the more we will play, the more we will improve," Tamim said. "We talk of improvement but the fact is, we have never taken a Test against a better opponent into the fifth day. It is the same as scoring a hundred: if you haven't made one you wouldn't know how it's done. "Bangladesh were on top for the first four days of the Dhaka Test. We lost it in the final session of the game but we were playing after almost a year. I'm not making excuses for that defeat though. We should have drawn or won that game." Despite the defeat in the Test series and the one-off Twenty20 against West Indies, Tamim believes that, across formats, this series marked Bangladesh's best effort to date. "It was our best series. We were competitive in the Tests, we won the ODI series and we lost in the T20 after playing our best game," he said. "It was a very positive series for us." Tamim said he noticed a marked change in the self-belief among his team-mates, particularly captain Mushfiqur Rahim and Mahmudullah who played pivotal roles. The younger players too caught the eye, but the opener warned that the win shouldn't be the end of their cricket education.

ing. “Pakistan have lost out with his batting deteriorating so badly,” Boycott told the ESPN Cricinfo website recently. “In the early days when he was playing and batting well, he tended to believe his own publicity. People wanted him to hit big sixes, everybody was raving for him, and he kept trying to oblige.” But former Pakistan captain Rashid latif insisted Afridi, Pakistan's third most-capped one-day player of all time, could still make a comeback. “Afridi is facing tough times. Even a player like Ricky Ponting had to quit after he failed to score big,” said latif of the former Australian captain who retired earlier this month. “But Pakistan is different in the way that a player can stage a comeback after a good performance and

Afridi can still do so.” Another former captain, Moin Khan, described Afridi's axing as unjust. “Afridi is an impact player,” said Khan. “He holds a psychological dominance over India so he should have been included.” But on the street, ordinary fans are fast losing patience with their one-time hero. “It's time to move on,” said Athar Khan, a student in Karachi. “Afridi's f o r m has not been up to the mark and it is common that every rise has a fall, he rose to fame and now he is losing it.” Afridi burst onto the international stage in 1996 when aged just 16 he smashed a 37-ball century – still an ODI record – against Sri lanka in only his second match, and his ex-

plosive batting style earned him the nickname “Boom Boom”. The shortest form of the game brought more fame for Afridi as he starred in Pakistan's World Twenty20 triumph in England in 2009, helping the team with both bat and ball. The performance elevated him to the captaincy the following year and he led Pakistan to the semi-final of the 2011 World Cup but differences with coach Waqar Younis and then Pakistan Cricket Board chairman Ijaz Butt almost ended his career prematurely. His form suffered and at this year's T20 World Cup in Sri lanka in September-October he was a shadow of the player he once was, scratching and groping for runs where once he smashed the ball to all corners. Afridi admitted he was not up to expectations but vowed to fight on. “I am disappointed at not being able to live up to the expectations but every cricketer goes through such a time. I am not one to run away from challenges as I am a fighter and I will come back,” Afridi said in October. Despite all the disappointments and frustrations of the past few years, there are still some in Pakistan who believe – or at least hope – he can manage one last stand.

Green pitch would ‘elevate’ SL bowlers: Sangakkara NEWSDESK Having graced Sri lanka's last Test match visit to Hobart with an unforgettable century on a pitch that retained its good humour throughout, Kumar Sangakkara is hopeful of an altogether different surface when the tourists meet Australia in the first Test at Bellerive Oval on Friday. Sangakkara's fourth innings rearguard in 2007, against an Australian bowling attack then featuring Brett lee, Stuart Clark and Stuart MacGill alongside Mitchell Johnson, took place on a surface far less capricious than the strip that has furrowed plenty of brows since being relaid before this summer. After the fashion of last season when New Zealand regrouped after a hiding in Brisbane to capitalise on a green seamer with a dramatic victory, Sangakkara reasoned that another "sporting" wicket in Tasmania would be of similar benefit to Sri lanka. Any lateral movement may be exploited quite handily by the thrifty Nuwan Kulasekara, the slippery Shaminda Eranga and the left-armer

Chanaka Welegedara. "We've seen some of the games that [Australia] has played. There's been a bit of nibble about but it's been sporting to both sides," Sangakkara said. "Wickets like this make fast bowlers really enthusiastic to play, and it elevates guys who don't have that much pace. If it stays the

same, I think our fast bowlers will have a really good chance against the Aussie batsmen." While Sangakkara's hopes may yet be fulfilled, the surface appears to have settled somewhat in recent weeks. It also appeared to be quite friendly to Australia's players when they inspected it on Tuesday afternoon, and trained local eyes reckon it is flat enough to reap plenty of runs once the extra bite offered by the new ball has been negotiated. The other variable is the weather forecast, with rain and cloud slated to arrive in time for day one. Sri lanka's batsmen have some considerable adjusting to do over the next two days, as the wicket they were presented with at Canberra's Manuka Oval was amenable to centre wicket net practice but almost devoid of the kind of life commonly associated with Australian pitches. Sangakkara admitted the tourists would have liked something a little more lively for their only warm-up fixture: "We probably would have preferred a more sporting wicket for the practice game but that's the way it goes."

Broad suffers recurrence of heel injury

NEWSDESK Fast bowler Stuart Broad has been sent for scan on his left heel and is a doubt for England's two T20 matches against India. Broad suffered a recurrence of the heel injury that threatened his involvement in the first Test of the series during training at the VCA Stadium on Tuesday, ahead of the fourth and final Test of the series that starts on Thursday. While Broad is unlikely to win a recall to the side for that game, he remains a key player in England's T20 side. His absence would also necessitate England naming a new captain for the two games. Eoin Morgan would appear to be the likely replacement. It may be an inexperienced looking England squad assembled for the T20 games. Not only have experienced players such as Graeme Swann and Kevin Pietersen been rested, but senior coaches Andy Flower, Graham Gooch and the team manager Phil Neale are also going home immediately after the Test. Richard Halsall, the assistant coach, will take charge.

Former india first-class player Nimbalkar dies NEWSDESK Bhausaheb Nimbalkar, who created history in 1948-49 by scoring the highest individual score in the Ranji Trophy, 443 not out, has died at his residence in Kolhapur, Maharashtra, on Tuesday. Nimbalkar was a day short of his 93rd birthday. Sixty-four years ago, in December 1948-49, Nimbalkar delivered that record-breaking knock for Maharashtra against Kathiawar at the Poona Club. His 443 is still the highest Ranji Trophy score and the top first-class innings by an Indian, and it sits fourth on the list of highest scores in all firstclass cricket. In all, Nimbalkar played 80 first-class games between 1939 and 1965. Though he didn't don the India whites in an official Test, he once represented India against the Commonwealth team and scored 48.

Sammy disappointed despite T20 win DHAKA AGENCIES

The West Indies captain Darren Sammy admitted that their goal ahead of the Bangladesh tour had not been fulfilled after they won two out of the three formats. Their win in the one-off Twenty20 international ensured they left in good spirits, but the ODI series loss was still hurting the visitors. "We won the same amount of series as we did last year so we haven't achieved what we set out to do," Sammy said. "Bangladesh played really well, especially in the ODIs. We are disappointed losing the ODI series." However, Sammy was pleased to win the Twenty20 match, West Indies' first game as World Twenty20 champions after their back-from-the-head victory against Sri lanka in Colombo. Marlon Samuels played a stellar hand

in that game, with a superbly crafted 78, and he did a similar job in Mirpur as he held the innings together with an unbeaten 85 off 43 balls. "The way Marlon was playing that innings, it surely reminded me the game against Sri lanka," Sammy said. "This was our first game after the victory and we won. We won, that's all we had to do. "We have guys who can be match-winners for us every day. It is good to see Marlon do well after two years out of international cricket. He has been brilliant for us." Bangladesh started their pursuit of 198 in strong style, but Sammy said he was not too concerned when Tamim Iqbal cut loose in the first over which cost 17 followed by 26 from the next two. "We expected them to come hard at us. You have to go hard all the time

when the run-rate is ten an over. Although they only lost one wicket, they were short by 18 runs. I wanted to win and end the year in a good note." Sammy pinpointed Bangladesh's achievement of keeping Chris Gayle quiet for ten innings in a row as a notable part of the tour. Gayle made 166 runs across all formats over the last four weeks, an aspect of the contests which the Bangladesh captain, Mushfiqur Rahim, called a "big achievement" for the hosts. "They managed to keep Gayle quiet throughout the series, something that not many teams have done in his career," Sammy said. "They executed well against him. Every player goes out there to do their best. I know because I try and it doesn't happen all the time. It is up to the individual to go back and think about his game. Chris will come back as he is a world-class player."


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Sports 16 FiH MEN’s WoRLd RANKiNGs

Champions Trophy bronze sees Pakistan move from 9th to 5th LAHORE STAFF REPORT

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HE International Hockey Federation (FIH) has after the conclusion of the Champions Trophy in Melbourne, released the Men’s World Rankings table which saw Pakistan move from ninth spot to fifth place. The top four positions in the table remain unchanged, with london 2012 Olympic Gold medallists Germany still holding the number 1 spot followed by Champions Trophy winners Australia (2nd), Olympic & Champions Trophy Silver medallists The Netherlands (3rd)

Greg threatens to sue CA over racist speech row NEWSDESK Former Test batsman Greg Ritchie has threatened to sue Cricket Australia (CA) and its chief executive James Sutherland for their role in the racist speech scandal that transpired during last month's Test between Australia and South Africa at the Gabba in Brisbane. In correspondence between Ritchie and Sutherland, the 52-year-old argued that he is owed compensation for lost earnings and damage to his reputation following the luncheon speech scandal. Ritchie faced a torrent of criticism for using the word 'kaffir' as part of his performance at the Brisbane Cricket Ground Trust members' function, and for a joke in which he referred to three young Muslim boys being locked in the boot of his car. Ritchie blamed Sutherland for allegedly not making public an apology he said he made to the CA boss on November 11, the day the story about his comments was broken to the media. Ritchie, who is being represented by former Test cricketer Bruce Francis, also claimed that Sutherland did not clarify statements from his adviser Peter Young and his public affairs staff that indicated he would be banned from speaking at CA and members' state functions as a result. "If you want to go down the route of seeking compensation or other redress, let me know as our lawyers are more than ready to deal formally and reject any claim," the Sydney Morning Herald quoted Sutherland, as saying in an email sent to Ritchie on November 30. Ritchie replied: "James, your bravado about bringing the court case on is based on you mistakenly believing I can't find anyone to do the case pro bono or you are gambling I won't spend a few hundred thousand to make say $200k. You are also gambling that I can't win the support of ACA [Australian Cricketers Association] members to take on CA."

Hughes seeks runs to match his desire NEWSDESK Even as he showed near monastic zeal to remodel the game that slid him into horrendous batting trouble against New Zealand last summer, Phil Hughes did not expect to be back in the Australian Test team in the space of a year. When Hughes walked off Bellerive Oval after being caught Guptill, bowled Martin for the fourth innings in a row last December, the 24-year-old was not alone in figuring it would be a matter of years, not months, before he returned to the national team. Yet Hughes now finds himself back at the scene of his demise for Hobart's next Test match, batting with punch in the nets ahead of the series against Sri lanka.

and England (4th). Success in the Champions Trophy for the Kookaburras has seen them slightly narrow the gap between themselves and Germany, while recent strong performances from the Dutch have seen them increase their advantage over England. Thanks to their brilliant Bronze medal at the Champions Trophy, Pakistan are the most improved nation in the top ten having leapt from 9th place to 5th. New Zealand continue to hold 6th place ahead of Spain (7th), Champions Challenge finalists Korea (8th), Belgium (9th) and Champions Challenge winners Argentina (10th).

Rory McIlroy awarded 2012 Golf Writers’ Trophy NEWSDESK

names of the players in contention for the Golf Writers' Trophy," said McIlroy, recently named as the PGA Tour's Player of the Year. "To come out on top of that list is a great honour." Poulter was one of the key architects of Europe's magnificent comeback in Chicago, making five birdies in a row to win a vital fourball match alongside McIlroy and finishing the Ryder Cup with four points out of four. Chapman enjoyed a fairytale season when he won the Senior PGA Championship and the US Senior Open, a double only previously achieved by Gary Player, Jack Nicklaus and Hale Irwin.

World number one Rory McIlroy has been awarded the 2012 Golf Writers' Trophy ahead of Europe's Ryder Cup team. The 23-year-old Northern Irishman had a spectacular season, winning the USPGA Championship by an eightshot margin as well as four other tournaments. McIlroy also emulated England's luke Donald by topping the money lists on both sides of the Atlantic. The Ryder Cup side, of which McIlroy was part, came second in the voting, followed by Ian Poulter. Then came 53-year-old Roger Chapman and the Great Britain and Ireland Curtis Cup team. "The 2012 season was a superb one for every aspect of European golf and that comes across when you look at the

MCILROy'S TITLES IN 2012 Honda classic us Pga championship deutsche bank championship bmW championship World tour championship

Rayudu replaces Tiwary in India T20 squad NEWSDESK Injured India batsman Manoj Tiwary has been replaced in the India squad for the Twenty20s against England by Ambati Rayudu. Tiwary's injury was diagnosed as a side strain. He had picked up the injury, which will keep him out of action for six weeks, during a Ranji Trophy game on Sunday, while batting in Bengal's first innings against Saurashtra. Rayudu, who has played for Baroda in the Ranji Trophy since the 2010-11 season, has had a prolific run this year, with scores of 64, 85, 10, 54, 1, 131 and 58 in his previous five games. A bit-hitting middle-order batsman, Rayudu did not have too much success on his last Twenty20 assignment: Oc-

tober's Champions league T20, where he played for Mumbai Indians. But in IPl 2012, he was Mumbai Indians secondhighest scorer behind Rohit Sharma, with 333 runs from 15 innings at a strike-rate of 132.14. He is yet to debut for India across formats. For Tiwary, who captains Bengal in the Ranji Trophy, this is a second setback in quick succession - he had suffered a wrist problem earlier in the season. When fit, he had shown some good form, scoring 191 against Gujarat, and also making 93 against England for the Board President's XI last month. India play two Twenty20s against England, on December 20 and 22, and that is followed up by limited-overs series' against Pakistan running into the first week of January. later in January, England return for a one-day series.

CM to inaugurate National Games LAHORE STAFF REPORT

The baseball event of the 32nd National Games which are going to be held in lahore from December 22–28, will be played on robin league in both men and women categories. Baseball matches are being played on Robin league System and following teams will participate: The men teams have been divided into two pools and Pool A comprises teams from Pakistan Army, Pakistan Police and Khyber Pakhton Khawa while pool B have WAPDA, Baluchistan and Punjab and will be played at University of Central Punjab. The women matches will also be held at the University of Central Punjab and Pool A consists of Punjab, Sindh, Islamabad while Pool B have Khyber Pakhton Khawa, Baluchistan, Police. As disclosed by Mr. Idris Haider Khawaja, Organizing Secretary 32nd National Games that these games will be held as per scheduled. All arrangements have been finalized. Mian Shahbaz Sharif Chief Minister Punjab will inaugurate the Games on 22nd while Mian Nawaz Sharif will be the chief guest of the closing ceremony on 28th and will award the Quaide-Azam Trophy to the winner.

Barry charged with insulting official NEWSDESK "Manchester City's Gareth Barry has been charged by The FA for a breach of its Rule E3 in that he used abusive and/or insulting words towards a match official following the Manchester City v Manchester United game on Sunday 9 December 2012," a statement on the FA's website (www.thefa.com) said on Tuesday. The England midfielder has until 1600 GMT on Thursday to respond to the charge. The match, won 3-2 by United, was marred by crowd trouble following Robin van Persie's late winner at the Etihad Stadium. Police are trying to identify a supporter who threw a coin at United defender Rio Ferdinand which left him bleeding from a cut about his left eye. As he was recovering, City fan Matthew Stott ran onto the pitch and tried to reach him, but was restrained by the home side's goalkeeper Joe Hart. He was one of two people charged with pitch encroachment. In total 13 people were arrested after the match, with nine being charged including one for a racially aggravated public order offence. City have since apologised to Ferdinand, and the FA is investigating the incident. Professional Footballers' Association boss Gordon Taylor has since suggested netting should be erected in some parts of stadiums to protect players from objects being hurled from the crowd, while the FA's chairman David Bernstein has said fans who "hijack" matches with bad behaviour should be banned for life.

McCullum plays a straight bat to curly questions NEWSDESK New Zealand test opener, and new skipper, Brendon McCullum played some of the best straight bat shots of his career this afternoon. Unfortunately for the Black Caps, it wasn't on the test wicket at Newlands in Cape Town - it was in front of members of the assembled sports media in a hotel conference roomin Auckland. McCullum and a number of the Black Caps depart for South Africa tomorrow for one of the most anticipated tours in recent memory for the team. Not just because they're up against the world's No 1-ranked test team. But also because of the controversial axing of skipper Ross Taylor last week, and the public and media fall-out to the way New Zealand Cricket executed the decision. Dispatching questions about the difficulty of the tour and South Africa's star-studded test and shortform line-up with relative comfort, McCullum squared up well when the shorter-pitched questions came in.

Such as: 'How awkward will it be in the dressing room when Taylor is back and coach Mike Hesson - who initiated the now infamous hotel room meeting in Sri lanka last month - is there?' ''We're theorising here a little bit,'' he said. ''We'll wait and see what unfolds. All I know is Ross is a fabulous cricketer, a good bloke and he's still a strong leader amongst this group. ''People have differing opinions at times, and people view things in different ways but ultimately this team is better with Ross Taylor involved in it.'' On whether he had spoken to Taylor since the former captain got the archer last week:''I have spoken to him. Private conversations, but I have spoken to him,'' McCullum said. ''Obviously he needs a bit of space at the moment. My thoughts and the teams thoughts are with him. ''Similar to Jesse [Ryder], when he is good and ready to come back, he will be good to have him in the team because he's obviously a world-class player, and by-far-and-a-way our best

batsman as well.'' McCullum has been in contact with the in-form Ryder as well, and is looking forward to seeing him back in the Black Caps in the ''notto-distant future''. ''But at the moment, it's about Jesse getting out of first-class cricket in the next few months what he needs to, and that's the most important thing,'' McCullum said. The Black Caps have a raft of changes for both the Twenty20 and test sides for South Africa, making the task in the Republic a tough one. Answering critics can only come from good cricket, McCullum acknowledged. ''Ultimately we have got the opportunity to turn up and play good cricket and hopefully play some winning cricket. ''That's what our goal is and hopefully if we do that, then some of that criticism from afar will quieten down a bit.'' Playing a similar array of shots on the wickets around South Africa would be a good start for the new Black Caps skipper.

Wednesday, 12 December, 2012


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12 Sports PiA remains on top Federer entertains crowd in NBP Gold Cup with his football skills with another win LAHORE STAFF REPORT

Pakistan international airlines consolidated their position in the NBP Gold Cup hockey tournament with another win outplaying Sui Southern Gas Company 6-1 here on Tuesday at outer ground of National Hockey Stadium. It was airlines third victory out of four matches played so far and they are at top with nine points at points table and their chances for qualifying for the semi finals appear bright. The former national champions led 3-0 at half time by demonstrating higher level of play dominated with collective efforts and most reliable efforts on part of mid field. Airlines dominance was never in danger in the play and they came with full force in both sessions of the play earning their first goal in the 3rdminute through Inyatullah as Nohaiz Malik scored their second goal in the 14thminute with Mohammad Irfan shone with a goal in the 23rd minute goal. The airlines went into the second half with the same spirit of aggressive hockey and constant penetration which led to another set of three goals which dumped SSGC. Nohazi scored his second goal in the 45thminute and Irfan picked up second goal goal in the 49th minute and Mohammad Imran Khan completed the tally ,three minute before the close of the play to leave their opponents in gloom.Arslan Sherazi was the only scorer from SSGC in the 47th minute. Matches for today, Wednesday, SSGC cs Customs, Army vs PIA and Wapda vs NBP.

NEWSDESK Roger Federer said his "dreams had come true" after he met Brazilian legend Pele while in Sao Paulo playing in the Gillette Federer tennis exhibition tournament before impressing the crowd

with his football skills. Dressed in the Brazil football strip, Federer came onto the court with a giant tennis ball, showed off his dribbling skills before engaging in a game of "football-tennis" with his opponent Tommy Haas. While in Sao Paulo, the world No 2 had a meeting with Pele during which the pair exchanged gifts. Federer gave the former footballer a signed tennis racquet and received a signed replica Brazil shirt from the World Cup in 1958. Afterwards, Pele tweeted: "I love playing tennis and today one of the greats of the game dropped by to say hello,' Pele wrote on his Twitter page. Roger Federer, you are a champion on the court and in life." Federer meanwhile said: "Meeting Pele today was an absolute dream come true. It was an honour to be introduced to the most important and most famous personality in world soccer." Federer is not the only tennis star playing at the exhibition tournament, he has been joined by Caroline Wozniacki, Maria Sharapova, Serena Williams and Jo-Wilfried Tsonga.

Platini stands firm against goal-line technology

Chelsea’s romeu out for six months LONDON AGENCIES

Chelsea midfielder Oriol Romeu will be out for six months after undergoing reconstructive knee surgery, the Premier league soccer club said on Tuesday. Spaniard Romeu suffered an anterior cruciate knee ligament injury during the first half of the league match at Sunderland on Saturday, ruling him out of Chelsea's trip to Japan for the Club World Cup this week. "Oriol Romeu underwent anterior cruciate reconstruction surgery and medial meniscus repair yesterday. He is expected to be out for six months," a statement said.

KUALA LUMPUR AGENCIES

UEFA president Michel Platini stood firm against the use of goal-line technology in Europe despite FIFA tests of Hawk-Eye and GoalRef at the ongoing Club World Cup in Japan. The Frenchman said goal-line referees, used in various UEFA competitions since 2009, were a cheaper way of determining whether the ball had crossed the line and warned against allowing technology to encroach on the game. He said it would cost 50 million euros ($65 million) to introduce goalline technology to UEFA's international and club competitions over five years. "I prefer

Sachin should retire: Indian cricket greats

NEWSDESK Could the 'unthinkable' be about to happen to Indian cricket? In the aftermath of England's triumph in the third Test there have been calls for the biggest icon in the game, India's batting legend Sachin Tendulkar, to call it a day. The selectors have already announced their squad for the fourth and final Test against England this week and, although Zaheer Khan, Yuvraj Singh and Harbhajan Singh have been culled, 39-year-old Tendulkar kept his spot. But after a miserable 2012 the calls for the little Master to call it quits are starting to gather force. So far this year in 14 Test innings the batsman has just two

Wednesday, 12 December, 2012

half centuries to his name and a top score of 80. His last Test hundred came two years ago in January 2011. Now his former captain and team mate of 12 years, Sourav Ganguly has, according to The Daily Telegraph, "uttered the unthinkable" and called for Tendulkar to quit. Talking to the Times of India, which also omitted Tendulkar from its Indian side for the final Test, he said: "Sachin desperately needs to get runs. He has achieved a lot. He is getting a long rope because of what he has achieved... As somebody watching it from outside Tendulkar [is] not performing, I think if I was Tendulkar I would go. But it's up to him at the present moment." There have been similar sentiments from other influential figures in Indian cricket. Former selector and Test player Mohinder Amarnath also told the Times of India it was time for Tendulkar to bow out. "Sachin is a great cricketer. He has been playing for many years. Now he cannot play the way he was playing earlier. The time comes for everybody," he said. Another former selector and Test great, Dilip Vengsarkar, echoed Amarnath's thoughts on Tendulkar. "Sachin is a fantastic cricketer. He has contributed a lot for Indian cricket. However, he is now 39 years old. He will continue scoring runs, but not with the same speed. He will not dominate as he used to in the past," he told the paper. At the weekend Telegraph columnist and former England skipper Michael Vaughan was frank in his assessment of the Indian batsman. "It is time for Tendulkar, great player that he is, to walk away now for the sake of the Indian team," he said. Another Telegraph cricket columnist, Simon Hughes, concurred. "Sachin Tendulkar has been one of the greatest cricketers who ever lived and a wonderful ambassador both for the game and his beloved nation," he wrote. "He dissected the best bowling attacks every country could muster for more than two decades... But it is time for him to go now, and, when you put his countrymen on the spot, that is what they say too."

to give 50 million (euros) to grassroots than goal-line technology for perhaps one or two goals a year," he said at a press conference in the Malaysian capital Kuala lumpur. "If the goal-line referee is one metre from the line and he has good glasses, he can see whether the ball is inside or not." While fans have called for years for football to embrace goal-line technology to eliminate human error, Platini has repeatedly warned it will lead to technology encroaching into other areas of the game. The debate came to the fore again at Euro 2012 -- where goal-line referees patrolled the sidelines -- when Ukraine were denied a goal against England, leading FIFA president Sepp Blatter to call for the new technology. But Platini pointed to an offside infringement in the build-up and questioned where the line on introducing such technology would be drawn. Asian Football Confederation acting president Zhang Jilong told the press conference the AFC would study the use of the technology at the Club World Cup before making a decision.

Man City are ‘much better’ than united, insists Mancini NEWSDESK The Manchester City manager, Roberto Mancini, insists he will not sell the controversial forward Mario Balotelli in January. Mancini will not sell Mario Balotelli and Manchester City are "much better" than Manchester United despite Sunday's 3-2 derby defeat, the Italian has claimed. "United have more experience but we have a much better team and play much better football," Mancini told a function in Italy, according to the Daily Mail. Regarding Balotelli, who was handed a surprise start at the Etihad Stadium but was replaced on 51 minutes after a disappointing performance, Mancini said: "We are waiting for the moment he becomes aware of his talent. That is why he is not for sale."

Calls in Philippines for Pacquiao to retire

MANILA AGENCIES

Philippine media commentators have put pressure on boxing great Manny Pacquiao to retire after his heavy defeat in las Vegas, with one comparing him to Parkinson's disease sufferer Muhammad Ali. The southpaw, who turns 34 next Monday, has vowed to fight on. But many suspect that nearly 18 years of pro ring combat are now taking their toll on the man once seen by many as the world's finest pound-for-pound fighter. Pacquiao, a national hero, was knocked out by Mexican rival Juan Manuel Marquez in las Vegas on Saturday in his second consecutive defeat. "Pacquiao got hit hard but in the end, he was conquered by Father Time after it turned out he could no longer take a solid punch," wrote sports columnist Recah Trinidad in the Philippine Daily Inquirer newspaper. Pacquiao, who fought his way out of poverty as a teenager and is now immensely wealthy, controversially lost his World Boxing Organization welterweight crown to unbeaten US fighter Timothy Bradley in June. TV analyst Ronnie Nathanielsz said

that while Pacquiao wants a shot at redeeming himself, there was always the danger that too many punches could condemn him to the fate of his US coach, ex-fighter Freddie Roach. "The sight of Roach himself riddled by Parkinson's disease and the great heavyweight champion Muhammad Ali, wracked by the disease, sends shivers among many who care deeply for Pacquiao," Nathanielsz wrote in the Manila Standard. Philippine Olympic Committee vice-president Joey Romasanta said Pacquiao should have quit after his last winning title defence in November 2011, when he retained his WBO welterweight crown against his old foe Marquez, now 39. "It would have been nice if he had retired while he was ahead. In boxing, there will always be somebody better. After this loss, Manny should read the signs and consider these things," Romasanta told the Manila Bulletin newspaper. Pacquiao, who has been a world champion in eight divisions, has used his boxing fame to build a film and television career. He was also elected to parliament in 2010 and has even become a Bible-quoting preacher. Critics say this has led him to lose his focus on boxing. Despite their misgivings, many more Filipinos still want Pacquiao to go out on a high note by winning a dream match before retiring. To many, that would pit him against undefeated American fighter Floyd Mayweather Jnr, even though earlier efforts to set up the bout have failed. "He shouldn't retire. He has to recover and redeem himself. Then he can retire," Roel Velasco, a bronze medallist at the 1992 Barcelona Olympics, told the Bulletin. london-based Boxing News blogger Daniel Welling acknowledged the calls for Pacquiao to bid boxing goodbye. But he wrote: "It would be a huge shame if one of the greatest fighters of the modern era ends his career face down on the mat," referring to how Pacquiao's fight with Marquez ended.


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Sports 13

SAo PAuLo: Wozniacki and Sharapova entertaining fans at Gillette roger Federer Tour.

Djokovic, Serena named ITF World Champions LONDON AGENCIES

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Nadal sets sights on winning return from injury

ERBIA'S Novak Djokovic has beaten Andy Murray to the International Tennis Federation's (ITF) annual men's World Champion award with American Serena Williams taking the women's prize for a third time. Djokovic, who ended a second successive year on top of the ATP rankings, successfully defended his Australian Open title, reached the final at the French Open and U.S. Open and claimed five other titles including the season-ending Tour Finals. Britain's Murray was a strong contender for the honour after beating Djokovic at the U.S. Open to win his first major title after four losses in finals and claiming Olympic gold at Wimbledon, just weeks after reaching the grand slam final there in which he lost to an inspired Roger Federer. "I am proud to have been named ITF World Champion for the second successive year," Djokovic, who dominated 2011 with three of the four grand slam titles, said in a statement on Tuesday. "It was very difficult to follow up such a successful season in 2011, but it was extremely satisfying to win another grand slam title, reach two other major finals and finish the year at

Sports Center 07:30PM

Technical officials course concludes LAHORE STAFF REPORT

number one." The 31-year-old Williams was unstoppable in the second half of 2012, winning Wimbledon, singles and doubles gold at the Olympics and the U.S. Open. "It means a lot to be named ITF World Champion for the third time. It has been such an amazing experience this year to win the Olympics and two Grand Slam tournaments, and I look forward to having an awesome 2013," said the 15-times major winner. Americans Bob and Mike Bryan

were named men's doubles World Champions for the ninth time in 10 years after winning Olympic gold for the first time, while Sara Errani and Roberta Vinci of Italy, winners of the French Open and U.S. Open, became women's doubles World Champions for the first time. Dutchwoman Esther Vergeer was named women's wheelchair World Champion for the 13th successive year after winning a fourth Paralympic gold. France's Stephane Houdet won the men's award.

NEWSDESK Rafael Nadal has set his sights on victory when he makes his return from long-term injury at the Mubadala Tennis Championship in Abu Dhabi at the end of the month. The Spaniard has not played competitively since his shock second-round loss to lukas Rosol at Wimbledon in June due to a partial tear of the patellar tendon in his left knee, but has recently returned to the practice court. Speaking last week, the 11-time grand slam champion claimed that he was keeping his expectations in check ahead of his return, insisting that he expects to find his best form and fitness by April. But writing on his Facebook page today, Nadal appeared to revise those expectations by claiming that he is dreaming of landing the Abu Dhabi crown for a third time. "Can't wait to get back on court in Abu Dhabi at the end of the month," Nadal said. "I won the Mubadala World Tennis Championship in 2010 and 2011 would love to get my hands on the trophy again this year!"

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Serena eyes more majors in third decade

PARIS AGENCIES

Comfortably into her third decade on tour, Serena Williams remains the dominant power in women's tennis with her eyes firmly fixed on overhauling Martina Navratilova and Chris Evert's Grand Slam record in 2013. The American, who will turn 32 in September, finished the year at three in the world. She was in a class of her own in the second half of 2012, winning Wimbledon, the Olympics, the US Open and then capped it off with a stunning straight sets demolition of Maria Sharapova in the WTA Championships final. “I

definitely think I can improve some more,” said Williams, who now has 15 Grand Slam singles titles. That's just three off the 18 collected by Navratilova and Evert with only Steffi Graf's record of 22 looking potentially out of reach. “The day I feel that I can't improve, I think that's the day I should probably hang up my racket,” added Williams, whose success in the latter half of the year looked a distant dream in the first six months of 2012. Having missed 12 months of action in 2010 and 2011, battling life-threatening blood clots on her lungs, she was a fourth-round loser at the Australian Open. Then, despite winning claycourt titles in Charleston and Madrid, her stunning first round defeat to Virginie Razzano at the French Open was her worst career loss at a major and seemed to beckon the end of the line. But by the time Wimbledon came around in June she was rejuvenated, taking a fifth title at the All England Club in a final where opponent Agnieszka Radwanska at least went down fighting. It was also at Wimbledon where Williams, never far from controversy, celebrated her Olympic gold with an impromptu “crip walk”, a dance linked with America's violent gang culture. After her trials in the first half of 2012, the American is reluctant to predict another “Serena Slam” where she would hold all four Grand Slam titles at the same time. To do that she would have to win both the Australian and the French Opens Ä trophies currently held by world number one Victoria Azarenka and Sharapova, the world number two, respectively. Azarenka, 22, who pushed Williams all the way in the US Open final in September, finally came of age in 2012, claiming six titles and realising the talent that had often been at loggerheads with a dangerously frail temperament.

Joint Secretary (Sports) Ministry of IPC, Abdul Ghafar Khan has said the role of technical officials in the field of sports is continuously increasing with the revolutionary changes in game rules. The use of modern techniques and modern equipment’s in different games has sensitized the new learning of technical officials. To cope up with the modern techniques and new game rules, refresher courses of new technical experts are very necessary,he said while addressing the concluding ceremony of two days Technical Course on Tuesday at Islamabad, said the information made available here. This course was organized by Pakistan Sports Board in connection with the Pakistan Inter Board Sports ,he added. Nearly one hundred technical officials from different Boards of the country participated in the useful activity. “Renowned resource persons in Athletics, Badminton, Table Tennis, Football, Hockey and Volleyball delivered their lectures and educated the participants about rules and regulations of the games, duties of referees, judges, umpires, technical officials and how to perform their duties in befitting manner”, he added. Dr. Muhammad Akhtar Nawaz Ganjera, Director General (Tech & Trg) and Syed Habib Shah, Head of the PSB Academic Wing highlighted the importance of the course. Mr. Muhammad Azam Dar, Director, National Sports Federations and other officers of the Board were also present.

Maple Leaf get victory in Winter Cup Polo LAHORE STAFF REPORT

Maple leaf beat Magic River by four goals to four in the opening match of the Winter Cup Polo tournament here on Tuesday at lahore Polo Club. After an empty first chukker , Magic River ,having half goal lead on handicap, surprised Maple leaf by snatching lead in the following chukker through Agha Murtaz Khan who translated a 60 yards penalty. Maple leaf answered harshly by adding two goals , with Hassan Agha converting a 40 yards penalty and Mohsin Atta Khan produced a field goal to take his side 2-1 up by the end of the second chukker. The third chukker produced only one goal and the scoerer was Hassan Agha. The third chukker saw side both the sides adding one goal each with Asif Tiwan scoring from Maple leaf after crowing solo efforts and Agha Murtaz narrowing lead from Magic River off a spot penalty.

India hockey coach Nobbs says seniors could be on the way out NEW DELHI AGENCIES

With a young Indian team managing an impressive fourth-place finish in the Champions Trophy, hockey coach Michael Nobbs has dropped hints that seniors such as Sandeep Singh could be on their way out as he is looking to build a side for the 2014 Olympics. Ace drag-flicker Sandeep and non-performing seniors such as Tushar Khandekar, Shivendra Singh and former captain Bharat Chetri were left out of the squad for the Champions Trophy, where the Sardar Singh-led India, playing in the event after six long years, managed to qualify for the semi-finals. Asked about the fate of the seniors after they were also ignored for the upcoming Asian Champions Trophy in Doha, Nobbs said hard work and performance are the only criteria for getting selected in the national team. “They (seniors) will have to work hard to get back their places and the longer these youngsters keep on performing the harder it

will be for them,” Nobbs told PTI in an interview after returning from the Champions Trophy in Melbourne, where India lost 2-3 to arch-rivals Pakistan in the semi-finals. Indian hockey coach Michael Nobbs has put the senior players on notice. Getty. “Everybody who is picked is picked on the merit of their performance. But it doesn’t mean the senior are missing out, it means they have to work harder. We wanted to build up the base. If you look at the Australians, Germans they have very big base. We are looking for a team in Rio in four years time. The question we have to ask is that by picking a player now will he be available for Rio?” he asked. “Will he be good enough in four years time or will he be old? Keeping that in mind, the selectors decided that we will pick and build a team for the future. I am happy with the competition but I would like to have more players competing for positions,” he insisted. Even though he was disappointed not to have returned with a medal from Melbourne, Nobbs said the fact that two Asian teams qualified for the last four of the Champions

Trophy is a good sign for the game. “I am disappointed because I want to win everything, every game, every championship but all of these require great deal of hard work and little bit of luck. Two Asian teams in the semi-final of Champions Trophy means world hockey will start noticing the fact that we are starting to come back again now,” he said. The Australian was full of praise for his young team and handpicked a few players including inspirational captain Sardar Singh, who according to him was exceptional in the Champions Trophy. “It was an excellent effort by a young team. They tried really hard. The young players showed their determination to play hockey for India. Sardar is our most capped player with 150 and everybody else is around 10-20. So it is a very young team. “Just results would tell you that they just wanted to play hockey. I am really proud of them and India should be proud of them,” he said. “They were led fantastically by Sardar Singh. He has been picked as the top five players in the world but probably he is

presently number two in the world. He is a fantastic player and leads by example on the field,” the soft-spoken coach said. “Raghu (V R Raghunath) is a tough uncompromising defender and now is the vicecaptain. Rupinder, as he is not in the shadow of any of the senior players, stood up and started to play really tough hockey. Birendra laka, Kothajit (Singh) and Manpreet (Singh) were all excellent,” Nobbs said. India’s de-

fense line led by vice-captain V R Raghunath came up for special mention from the chief coach, who felt his strikers lacked experience. “The defence played superbly. At 34, (goalkeeper) PT Rao was excellent. I thought we might struggle after P R Sreejesh’s injury as he was playing brilliantly but Rao did not let us feel that vacuum at any point of time,” he said. “But I think our forwards lacked a bit of experience. I think in the last few games we just lacked a bit of experience upfront. We spent a lot of time on our defensive aspects after the london Olympics and try and emulate what Germany does in defence and that certainly helped but at the same time I didn’t want to kill our attacking flair,” Nobbs added. Talk about his long-term goal and Nobbs was quick to reply: “Rio”. “My long-term goal is a podium in Rio and that’s what we are aiming for. But the short-term goal is the Hockey India league where I want to see how Indian players play against some of the best in international hockey. It’s a selection process as well for the world league coming up in next December,” he said.

Wednesday, 12 December, 2012


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Wednesday, 12 December, 2012

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France to help Pakistan meet energy needs g

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President Zardari calls for increased cooperation between two countries President Hollande says discussion with Zardari was ‘very good and encouraging’ PARIS AGENCIES

F

RANCE would extend its full help and cooperation to Pakistan to meet its energy requirements, French President Francois Hollande said on Tuesday. Addressing a joint press conference with President Asif Ali Zardari following talks at Elyse Palace‚ Hollande said they had discussed regional situation

and increasing cooperation between the two countries. President Zardari said he held very useful and constructive discussion with his French counterpart and discussed bilateral issues and cooperation in several fields. President Zardari said Pakistan and France were good partners and hoped that cooperation and coordination would continue in the future as well. The president said Pakistan had been making efforts to provide equal opportuni-

Hollande said they also discussed the future of Afghanistan and discussed the necessity to tackle terrorism and drug trafficking, which he called the main issue of the world. He said the role of Pakistan in the stability and security in the region was also discussed during the meeting in order to help sustain peace in the region and ease tension. For that purpose‚ France had been talking to the international community, Hollande said. The French president said he also discussed the nuclear issue with Zardari and exchanged views on this important subject. Earlier during the meeting, President Zardari said Pakistan sought a broadbased and multifaceted partnership with France for further strengthening the ex-

ties for education to both boys and girls, as Pakistan wanted the young generation getting a chance to study‚ live a normal life and live like other children of the world. Referring to Malala‚ he said every child had the right to get education. The president said, “We are committed towards democracy and working against the threat of terrorist mindset.” Hollande said his discussion with Zardari had been “very good and encouraging”. He said they discussed all issues and cooperation in the field of education‚ health‚ defence and economy. The French president said his country had continued its offer in many fields, including health and education, adding that France was also an active part of many European Union programmes, especially in health sector.

isting bilateral relations and to explore, for mutual benefit, new opportunities for enhancing trade and deepening peopleto-people contacts. The president said Pakistan regarded France as an important economic and development partner of Pakistan, both bilaterally and in the context of the European Union, and wanted to strengthen its equation with France. The president offered French entrepreneurs to enter into joint ventures in Pakistan in diverse areas of energy, agriculture, textiles, agro-based industry, infrastructure and communication to mutual advantage. President Zardari also invited Francois Hollande to visit Pakistan, saying his visit would provide impetus to further strengthening the bilateral relations.

Zardari visit delay raises questions over IP gas project g

Sources say president’s meeting will be rescheduled after his return from Ankara summit NEWS DESK

PARIS: President Asif Ali Zardari addresses reporters on Tuesday as French President François Hollande looks on.

Zardari’s cases can’t be reopened as Swiss haven’t responded: Naik ISLAMABAD AGENCIES

Federal law Minister Farooq H Naik on Tuesday said the graft cases against President Asif Zardari could not be reopened as the Swiss authorities had not replied to a letter written by the Pakistani government on the Supreme Court’s orders. Talking to a private TV channel, Naik said the government was considering tabling a bill regarding judges’

WAShINGtON POSt RePORt SAyS OveR A dOzeN cRASheS IN PASt 18 mONthS RAISING cONceRNS ABOut AIR fORce’S heAlth MONITORING DESK Over a dozen Pakistan Air Force (PAF) planes have crashed in roughly past 18 months, raising concerns about the

dual nationality. He said there should be a special law for judges who were enjoying dual nationality as was the case with bureaucrats. In this regard, the government was mulling bringing a new bill in parliament, he added. He made it clear that in accordance with the bill tabled in parliament, bureaucrats would be liable to rescind their dual nationality within 90 days. To a question, he said the opposition had no reservations over the

new accountability bill, adding that if the Pakistan Muslim league-Nawaz had some reservations, it should be asked from them. “The accountability bill would be tabled after Khurshid Shah completes consultation with other parties,” he added. The law minister said the government had filed the reference in the Supreme Court over judges’ appointment to seek judiciary’s opinion on the issue.

health of an aging fleet that officials are struggling to upgrade because of a lack of funds, The Washington Post said in a report. “A significant number of the air force’s combat aircraft are nearly half a century old and have been called on in recent years to help the army fight a domestic Taliban insurgency that has killed thousands of people. This has added to the strain on a force that has historically focused on countering the threat from neighbour and archenemy, India,” the report said. It said Pakistan had turned to the US and China to help modernise the force, but economic woes had limited the budget, even for the powerful military. Tension with the US also played a bad role. Shahzad Chaudhry, a former senior

President Asif Ali Zardari has delayed a visit to Iran to discuss a huge gas deal despite Tehran’s offer of a loan to help finance a project which the US opposes, officials said Tuesday. The $7.5 billion pipeline project has run into repeated difficulties – over US opposition because of Iran’s nuclear activities and Pakistan’s difficulty in finding funds. It was originally reported that Zardari would visit Iran last Friday and that the final agreement would be likely signed during the visit. Pakistani officials denied that the visit had been cancelled, claiming it had never been officially scheduled due to Zardari’s engagements in london and Paris. However, Pakistani sources told Pakistan Today that President Zardari’s visit to Tehran was postponed because his Iranian counterpart Mahmoud Ahmadinejad does not undertake any official meetings on Friday for religious reasons. They said that the meeting would be rescheduled after President Zardari’s return from the trilateral summit in Ankara. “The visit may materialise on his way back from the ongoing foreign tour or he may visit Tehran after coming back home,” a Petroleum Ministry official told AFP. Iranian officials said that the visit had been postponed at Pakistan’s request and would happen “soon”. “It has been agreed that the visit would take place with a bit of change. Iranian assistance to build the peace pipeline in Pakistan will be one of the issues on the visit’s agenda,” said Iran’s Foreign Ministry spokesman Ramin Mahmanparast. Negotiations are reaching a critical point, the Financial Times said, because it will take two

Pakistani air force officer, told WP the number of planes that had crashed “would be worrying for any air force”. “If I were air force chief, I certainly wouldn’t want to see over a dozen airplanes being lost,” Chaudhry said. “Obviously we need to bring those numbers down.” At least 13 planes have crashed since May 2011, most coming down due to technical problems. The latest accident occurred on November 22, when a Dassault Mirage fighter jet crashed on a routine night

Published by Arif Nizami at Plot No 79, Sector 24, Korangi Industrial Area Karachi.

training mission in Punjab, killing the pilot. The air force has been investigating the cause of the crash, but witnesses said the plane caught fire before coming down. Nearly half the planes that crashed have been Mirage fighters. They make up at least a quarter of the force’s fleet of about 400 combat aircraft, the WP report said. “Many were built nearly 50 years ago and acquired from foreign militaries that had already retired them,” it said. “We bought them at almost throwaway prices, brought them over, overhauled them and continue to operate them,” former Pakistani Air Force chief Tanvir Mahmood told WP. Editor: Arif Nizami

years to build Pakistan’s sections of the pipeline and Islamabad would have to start paying Tehran for the gas two years from now. The newspaper said an increasingly desperate Pakistan is struggling to overcome strong opposition to the project from the United States, which has clamped economic sanctions on Iran because of its nuclear programme. In 2010 Iran and Pakistan agreed that Iran would supply between 750 million cubic feet and one billion cubic feet per day of natural gas by mid-2015. Islamabad has said that it will pursue the project regardless of US pressure, calling it vital to overcome the country’s energy crisis that has led to debilitating blackouts and suffocated industry. But in March, it was forced to review sources of funding after newspapers said a Chinese bank pulled out over fears that firms involved will face sanctions. Pakistani officials said Tuesday that Iran had promised a $500 million loan and that Islamabad would meet the rest of its $1.6 billion share. “There are impediments in view of the US opposition to the project but we are determined to complete it to meet our fast-growing energy requirements,” said one government official on condition of anonymity. But the Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman said Iran has confirmed it can finance at least $250 million, despite Pakistan asking for $500 million. “This is a technical issue,” Mahmanparast said. Analyst Imtiaz Gul said the deal would probably be signed only if the United States backs down over its opposition to the deal, possibly in exchange for Pakistani cooperation on Afghan peace efforts.

“This was our compulsion because of the financial constraints that we had.” Chaudhry said the Mirage was a “very sturdy platform” that shouldn’t fail easily. “But when you have the intensity of an operational combat environment, problems tend to be there,” he said. Other planes that have gone down include the Chengdu F-7 fighter jet bought from China, the JF-17 Thunder fighter jet jointly developed with China and Pakistan’s Mushshak trainer, a propeller plane. The most advanced fighter jet operated by the Pakistani Air Force is the F-16 Fighting Falcon, over 60 of which were purchased in various batches from the US over the past three decades. PAF chief Tahir Rafique Butt told Pakistan’s Senate defence committee at the end of November that the force was struggling to modernise its equipment and technology because of a shortage of funds.

e-paper pakistantoday 12th December, 2012  

e-paper pakistantoday 12th December, 2012

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