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Those named in Asghar Khan case should abandon politics: Imran PAGE |03

Iraq bombings kill 17 on eve of Muharram

Pakistan frees Afghan Taliban prisoners PAGE |19

PAGE |09

thursday, 15 november, 2012 dhu al-Haj 29, 1433

Rs 15.00 Vol iii no 139 19 pages islamabad — peshawar edition

Zardari assures people of transparent, timely elections President says Karachi situation does not reflect government’s failure g Conspiracies against government and Pakistan will fail g

MANDI BAHAUDDIN

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Agencies

RESIDENT Asif Ali Zardari on Wednesday reassured the people that general elections would be transparent and would be held on time. Addressing an Eid Milan party in Malikwal, Mandi Bahauddin, the president said those elected would get to rule the country for the next term, adding that electoral rolls were being made in a way that eliminated rigging. The president said his party would respect the mandate of the people, therefore, all measures had been taken to ensure the holding of free and fair election. He said the preparation of voter’s lists and the appointment of an independent chief election commissioner were examples that exhibited the government’s intent. The president said the situation in Karachi was not a failure of the government and terrorists were trying to aggravate the situation in Karachi in order to divert the government’s attention from the war on terror. The president said conspiracies were being hatched against the incumbent government and Pakistan. He reiterated that Pakistan’s survival was tied to democracy, adding that democracy had still to grow and

prosper in the country. “If democracy does not flourish, neither will the nation,” he added. Zardari said though his rivals had been somewhat successful in their conspiracies, history would prove him right. “Even our rivals accept that we have strengthened the parliament and transferred all powers to the representatives of the people,” he said. “Like Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, I practice politics like I worship God. And I will

wage war against those who disturb me in my worship,” he said. Zardari said Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto gave poor the power to vote. “Now every political party has to reach out to the masses and ask for their favour and support,” he said. The president urged all political parties to end their differences and demonstrate tolerance. Recalling that he spent four years of his youth in the jails of Punjab, he said politics should never be turned into personal enmity.

He said there was a need to strengthen political parties at the grassroots level so that they could put the country on road to progress and prosperity. Paying tribute to political parties, he said each party played its role in steering the country out of crises. The president said he took along all political parties in order to secure the future of our children. Continued on page 04

SC drops contempt charges against PM Ashraf ISLAMABAD Agencies

The Supreme Court of Pakistan (SC) on Wednesday discharged the contempt notice against Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf in the National Reconciliation Ordinance (NRO) implementation case. A five-member bench headed by Justice Anwar Zaheer Jamali and comprising Justice Khilji Arif Hussain, Justice Asif Saeed Khosa, Justice Ejaz Afzal Khan and Justice Ijaz Ahmed Chaudhry resumed hearing of the contempt case against Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf for defying the SC orders in NRO implementation case. During Wednesday’s proceedings, Federal Law Minister Farooq Naik appeared before the court and apprised the bench about the letter written to Swiss authorities and the retraction of the NRO letter written in 2006. He presented the sending and receiving receipts of the letter to Swiss authorities and told the court that they had received the letter on November 9. The court then withdrew the contempt proceedings against the PM, upon which the law minister thanked the bench. The Pakistani embassy in Berne, Switzerland, has passed on the letter to Switzerland’s Federal Office of Justice (FOJ). Talking to reporters after the hearing, Naik said the court’s decision was a victory for justice and democracy, adding that the government implemented every directive of the Supreme Court. Moreover, he said the letter was not written forcibly rather in accordance with SC instructions. The law minister later met Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf at the Prime Minister’s Secretariat and apprised him of the Supreme Court’s proceedings in the NRO implementation case. Naik informed the PM that the Supreme Court had dropped charges of contempt against him. Ashraf hailed the decision of the Supreme Court as a “victory of justice”. Continued on page 04


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02 News CArtoon

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Youth ready to change the country’s fate: Qureshi

infotAinMent Mice could replace dogs to sniff out explosives, drugs

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Page 11

Story on Page 05

KP govt restricts clerics’ movement during Muharram PESHAWAR: Keeping in view the sensitive nature of security in the approaching month of Muharram, the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) government has banned entries and exits of clerics in the province. During the restriction, valid throughout Muharram, DCOs of relevant districts have been informed about 30 clerics of various sects and schools of thought hailing from Peshawar, Kohat, Dera Ismail Khan, Bannu, Abbottabad, Nowshera and others cities, who would be restrained from leaving KP. Similarly 70 clerics listed from such areas as Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan, GilgitBaltistan, Islamabad, Azad Kashmir and Tribal areas have been banned from entering KP, and their names have been dispatched to administrative officials of Peshawar and Nowshera. Online

Story on Page 14

PM orders strict security measures for Muharram

HYDERABAD: Activists of the Pakistan Fisherfolk Forum stage a rally to demand agrarian and land reforms in the country on Wednesday. INP

Govt bans sale of pre-paid SIMs at shops from Dec 1 Government has put a ban on sale of Subscriber Identification Modules (SIMs) at unauthorised shops across the country with effect from December 1, Geo News reported on Wednesday. An individual wishing to buy a mobile phone SIM will now have to visit the cellular companeis’ authorised centers to buy the SIM which will be issued to him upon completion of a procedure prescribed by the government. The costumer will need to submit a photocopy of his National Identity Card (NIC) to the cellular company’s authorised centre. The company will later carry out the verification of the subscriber’s address by sending a staffer. The SIM will finally be issued to the subscriber after getting a go ahead from National Database and Regulation Authority (NADRA). According to sources, at present there are 25 million SIMs available at 100,000 shops across the country and the implementation of this order will cause 5 companies to face a combined loss of Rs 2 billion. MOniTORing Desk

Five militants killed in SWA offensive Five militants were reportedly killed and several of their hideouts destroyed in a military offensive by security forces in South Waziristan Agency on Wednesday. The forces, backed by helicopter gunships, pounded several hideouts of the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) in Sanzela village, south of Wana. Officials said several militant bunkers and compounds had been destroyed in the attack, while six of the militants had been left injured. MOniTORing Desk

ANF raids warehouse full of hashish KARACHI: The Sindh Anti-Narcotics Force (ANF) on Wednesday seized over 3,000 kilograms of Hashish from a warehouse in Mowach Goth area on Hub River Road. During the operation, which was carried out with the help of Pakistan Rangers, four suspects were arrested. Meanwhile, efforts are being made to arrest the other culprits involved. inP

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RIME Minister (PM) Raja Pervez Ashraf directed law enforcing agencies of all provinces to beef up security arrangements and to evolve a mechanism to maintain peace and harmony during the holy month of Muharram- ul-Haram. In his opening remarks at the cabinet meeting on Wednesday‚ he said the federal government would extend all possible assistance to the provincial governments in this regard. The PM expressed serious concern over the law and order situation in Karachi and said miscreants were trying to create sectarian strife in the city. He said extremism, militancy, intolerance, sectarian violence and terrorism had posed a serious threat and challenge to national sovereignty, security and cohesion. “We, as a nation, have to thwart sinister designs of terrorists and the government would play its part in eliminating these elements,” he added. The PM appealed to the people of Karachi to keep an eye on suspicious activities of miscreants and inform the law enforcing agencies about any unusual activity. He urged Ulema and religious scholars to play their role in bringing peace to the city. He also condemned the suicide attack at Rangers Headquarters in Karachi. The cabinet expressed deep sorrow and grief over the loss of precious lives in the cowardly act of terrorism. The cabinet also offered fateha for the soul

of former senator and law minister Iqbal Haider who passed away this week. The federal cabinet congratulated President Barack Obama on his re-election. The PM said Pakistan and United States had common bilateral interests and shared regional objectives of peace, security and stability. “As partners in a shared enterprise, I am confident that we would be able to continue to pursue our collective goals to the mutual benefit of both our countries,” he said. The PM apprised the cabinet about his visit to Laos where he attended the Asia Europe Meeting Summit and also met several world leaders on the sidelines. He said the 9th Asia European Summit discussed the unfortunate misuse of freedom of expression, causing misunderstanding between followers of various religions. He said this trend was being seen as another kind of extremism that was neither desirable nor welcome. He said all religions taught tolerance and accommodation and stressed the need to inculcate and promote respect for these values. Ashraf said during the summit, Pakistan’s efforts to improve human rights situation in the country including women rights and protection of rights of minorities were also highlighted. He mentioned that Pakistan’s desire for peace in the region, especially in Afghanistan was also discussed. He said the role of the present government in strengthening institutions and democracy in the country was discussed and added that the government’s resolve to hold free and fair elections was also appreciated by world leaders.

ANP contacts JUI-F to contest election jointly ISLAMABAD Online

The Awami National Party (ANP) has contacted the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam Fazl (JUI-F) to discuss options to contest elections jointly and for seat adjustment. Well-placed sources on Wednesday said that the ANP leadership had summoned the meeting of the party think tank on Friday (November 16) with ANP leader Asfandyar Wali in the chair in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa House to finalise seat adjustment and other options with the JUI-F. Sources said that this development was ‘unprecedented’ since both the parties were political opponents.

A roar of Thunder over Chinese skies! KArAcHI sTAFF RePORT

The JF-17 Thunder aircraft of the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) is among the over one hundred aircrafts that have arrived at Zhuhai to participate in the 9th China International Aviation and Aerospace Exhibition (Air Show 2012) which kicked off on Wednesday. The impressive JF-17 Thunder which was manufactured in a joint venture by PAF and China Aero-Technology Import-Export Corporation (CATIC) and co-produced by Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC) and CATIC has been put up for static as well as aerial display at the show. JF-17 Thunder made its debut at Farnborough, United Kingdom in 2010, when two JF-17’s flew all the way from Pakistan to

thursday, 15 november, 2012

Farnborough. The aircraft attracted intense focus of visitors and international media. Four months later in November, 2010, three JF-17s flew over to China to participate in the Zhuhai Air Show, where the aircraft made its first ever aerobatic display. In June, 2011, three JF-17s participated in an aerial and static display when the Turkish Air Force celebrated its 100 years. In November, 2011 three JF-17s participated in the Dubai Air Show and were awarded the Stars of the Show award. JF-17 Thunder is prominent in its own class of fighter jets. At present, when Pakistan’s defence budget is shrinking and the Pakistan Air Force is facing difficulties in affording modern combat aircrafts, JF-17 Thunder is a highly cost effective solution with a cutting edge technology.

The JF-17 Thunder is all weather, multirole and light weight combat aircraft that has the potential to be the mainstay and workhorse of any air force. The design of JF-17 aircraft is based on modern aerodynamics. The aircraft is equipped with a digital fly-by-wire flight control system that gives it the agility in all regimes of the operational flight envelope. The JF-17 Thunder has a complete glass

cockpit, excellent man-machine interface and a modern self protection suite which enhances combat potential and the survivability of the aircraft. The JF-17 is equipped with a fourth generation avionics system, wide range of conventional and smart weapons, long range glide bombs, Beyond Visual Range (BVR) and short range air-to-air missiles, anti-ship missile and air–to-surface missiles. The air-

craft requires a remarkably short length of runway for take-off and landing which offers flexibility during operations. The air-to-air refueling capability further enhances its combat potential. Pakistan Air Force has inducted JF-17 in its combat fleet and has equipped two of its fighter squadrons with JF-17 Thunder. Its production is in full swing and aircrafts are rolling out from PAC Kamra.


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News 03 ArtS & entertAinMent

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SPortS

Taylor swift admits she doesn’t like to take charge in a relationship

ecc may allow additional export of 0.2 mt sugar

Bangladesh swift in reply to West indies's 527

editoriAl The farce in Balochistan It’s all on PPP

CoMMent Adeel Amjad says; Change in the system: Only through democratic means

Yasmeen Hassan says; Malala’s impact: When girls are treated like adults

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Articles on Page 14

Those named in Asghar Khan case should abandon politics: Imran Pti chief says fiA chief should be made accountable to SC for an impartial investigation g Politics has been made a business by politicians g

IHC reserves verdict in Rimsha Masih case ISLAMABAD: The Islamabad High Court (IHC) on Wednesday reserved the decision in a plea to dismiss the case against Rimsha Masih, a Christian child accused of blasphemy. IHC Chief Justice Iqbal Hamid Khan heard the plea for dismissal of the case against Rimsha. The counsel for Rimsha argued that the allegations against the accused were baseless and prayed for the dismissal of the FIR against her. The prosecutor maintained that the medical report of the accused was false and the Interior Ministry had tried to weaken the case. After the completion of the arguments, the court reserved its judgment. inP

Gilani misguided by officers about convicted appointees, SC told ISLAMABAD: Supreme Court on Wednesday granted a deadline to the National Accountability Bureau (NAB) until December 4 to take a final decision pertaining to filing a reference against former prime minister Yousaf Raza Gilani for misuse of authority. According to a private TV channel, the order was issued when a five member bench, headed by Justice Anwar Zaheer Jamali, was hearing the case pertaining to the appointment of convicted people in the Federal Investigation Authority (FIA) and Oil and Gas Development Company Limited (OGDCL) by Gilani. NAB Prosecutor General KK Agha informed the court that NAB had decided not to file a reference against Gilani but it will file references against the officers who were involved in the appointments process. The prosecutor was of the view that the accused officers did not inform the prime minister about the conviction of the appointees. nni

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AKISTAN Tehreek-e-Insaaf (PTI) Chairman Imran Khan on Wednesday demanded the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) ban all politicians, including PMLN chief Nawaz Sharif, who were named by former ISI chief Asad Durrani’s list of money recipients in the Asghar Khan case. Addressing a press conference at the PTI central secretariat along with veteran politician Air Martial (r) Asghar Khan, Khan said the government should make the FIA chief accountable to the Supreme Court to conduct an impartial investigation. He made it clear that if taking money was proved against PTI leader Makhdoom Javed Hashmi, he would not take part in the coming election. He said the Asghar Khan case would go a long way in benefiting democracy in the country. “The judgement has exposed those who have lied for decades and indulged in intrigues and conspiracies to come to power.” He recalled that on the occasion of merging of Tehreek-e-Istaqlal in the PTI, he had demanded reopening of the 16-year-old case. “At that time, the PML-N was accusing the PTI of taking help of agencies, but the SC decision has proved that the PML-N was on top of the list of ISI beneficiaries,” Khan said. The PTI chief came hard on the government for its inaction over the Supreme Court’s ruling in the National Reconciliation Ordinance (NRO) implementation case, saying it was merely the powerless who endured jail terms while the powerful got NROs. He also lashed out at politicians, saying they had made politics a business and they did not let any inquiry to be conducted, calling it the biggest problem of Pakistan. Referring to Younus Habib, the owner of Mehran Bank implicated in the Mehrangate case for allegedly having a hand in the creation of the IJI, he stated, “A powerful man steals in the country and gets the NRO. This was also the NRO, they did not let an inquiry be conducted and did not let him be sentenced.” Referring to certain politicians, he said those who were facing

Imran will understand his actual position in polls: Sanaullah LAHORE: Punjab Law Minister Rana Sanaullah on Wednesday said Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf chief Imran Khan would realise the true scope of his political party in the forthcoming general election. Commenting on the statement of Imran Khan in which he said politicians named in the Asghar Khan case should be banned, Sana said after having been deprived of the masses’ support, “Khan’s thinking and understanding capability has been badly damaged and he is trying to support his falling political graph by levelling baseless allegations on others”. He said Khan’s tsunami, which had been brought about by agencies, had now started to recede because the people had seen the true face of the PTI and Imran Khan. Sana said Khan should realise that he would achieve no success at all in the general election and warned him against befooling the people. “Tell them [people] why you did not raise a voice against drone attacks in the US,” he said. The minister said the PML-N believed in service of the people wholeheartedly and would achieve brilliant success in the coming election, purely on the basis of its performance. Online allegations of taking Rs 3.5 million and those who had Rs 5 billion in Switzerland cannot pull the country out of crises. He said the PML-N and PPP, like in the past, would strike a deal over the Asghar Khan case verdict. “The two parties will only save each other and will not take any action except for a noora kushti and mere statements,” Khan added. He asked why the Supreme Court’s order had not yet been implemented. “When the time for the real job comes, i.e. to investigate, where is the FIA inquiry?” he questioned. Commenting on the deteriorating situation in Karachi, he said the provincial government had failed to protect the life and property of the people in the country’s business hub. In his view, de-politicisation of the Sindh administration, especially the police, was the key to restoring peace in Karachi. He said the PML-N had not made any negotiations with the PTI regarding the caretaker setup.

NAB seeks time to reconsider stance in references against Khawaja, Riaz ISLAMABAD APP

The National Accountability Bureau (NAB) on Wednesday sought time to reconsider its stance in the references against Ahmed Riaz Sheikh and Adnan A Khawaja in light of the recently announced judgements of the apex court in Asghar Khan and Anita Turab cases. The Supreme Court had stated in both the judgements that government

officials were bound to adhere to the constitution. The five-member bench of Supreme Court comprising Justice Anwar Zaheer Jamali, Justice Khilji Arif Hussain, Justice Asif Saeed Khosa, Justice Ijaz Afzal and Justice Ijaz Chaudhry was hearing the NRO implementation case. Justice Jamali observed that the government had disowned Malik Qayyum’s letter to the Swiss authorities.

NAB Prosecutor General K Agha informed the court that it was mentioned in their letter that Qayyum’s letter written to Swiss authorities should be considered illegal. Justice Khosa questioned if Qayyum had misused his authority as attorney general. Justice Anwar asked the NAB prosecutor general if he had an intention to file a reference against Qayyum. Agha informed the court that NAB

had completed its inquiry and decided that the matter should be closed. Justice Hussain said that in the light of Asghar Khan and Anita Turab cases, NAB, which was determined on its stance, should reconsider it. Justice Khosa said that the government had conceded to the court’s stance after three years and therefore any deviation would be tantamount to misuse of authority. Agha said that Asghar Khan and

Anita Turab decisions should be reviewed. Waseem Sajjad, counsel for Qayyum, said the court order should not mention that NAB had been directed to initiate another inquiry into the case. Justice Afzal remarked that the court had not given any directives in this regard. The court adjourned hearing till December 4.

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04 ‘Obama cannot neglect Pakistan for four more years’ MONITOrING DESK

extremists. Obama has frequently called Pakistan his biggest headache but he has been unable to come up with a satisfying painkiller. In Afghanistan, a war of words has persisted between Obama officials and President Hamid Karzai. Washington has in effect told the Afghan president to be quiet and be grateful for the sacrifices that the US is making. Mr Karzai keeps reminding everyone that he enjoyed better days with George W Bush and that Obama has tried to undermine him. For leaders of both countries, Obama’s first term has been the worst of all possible worlds, periodically using car-

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AKISTAN and Afghanistan look on the spectacular landslide reelection of Barack Obama for a second term as US president with some trepidation, according to an article by political analyst Ahmed Rashid for Financial Times. Pakistan has just come out of a nine-month breakdown of all talks with the US, the worst state the two countries relationship has been in for 60 years. Pakistan thinks the US under Obama has no strategy, while the US thinks Pakistan lies as it continues to harbour

rot or stick to drag Islamabad and Kabul into line, but often using threats without clear strategic goals. Moreover, acts declared as victories by the US such as the killing of Osama bin Laden, the start of the US troop withdrawal from Afghanistan or the refusal to provide the Afghan army with heavy weapons have been viewed with enormous suspicion by Pakistan and Afghanistan. In Washington, the problems have been magnified by internal rivalries. Obama had allowed the US military to run his policies towards Pakistan and Afghanistan, starting with the surge in Afghanistan in 2009 and then planning for

the US withdrawal in 2014. More important political strategies such as talking to the Taliban, making sure free and fair elections are held in Afghanistan and Pakistan and trying to revive relations with Islamabad have been run by a weak state department, stymied by the lack of presidential support. Now Obama gets a chance to do things differently. What should he do? Well, for starters, everything. If the US withdrawal from Afghanistan in 2014 is high on his agenda than he should prioritise talks with the Taliban that would aim for a ceasefire between all sides before troops depart and before

Afghan presidential elections are held in April of that year. Many of the Taliban leaders have become advocates for a political settlement rather than a bloody power grab for Kabul that the Taliban know would prompt a civil war they cannot win. Last year’s US-Taliban talks broke down, partly because the military and the CIA in Washington undermined them. Now US officials say all parts of the administration are on board. Obamaneeds to swiftly compose a team of experts and diplomats and enlist the help of some European countries to talk to the Taliban with the aim of reducing violence in Afghanistan in a step-

by-step process that could lead to a ceasefire. Another major diplomatic effort is also needed to revive talks with all neighbouring states, including Iran and Pakistan, about a non-interference regional pact that would protect Afghanistan. Despite the country’s internal chaos, a clear US strategy to talk to the Afghan Taliban leaders based in Pakistan would be attractive to the warring military, judicial and political factions. That is especially so for the military, which is now feeling the heat from the growing threat posed by the Pakistani Taliban. A US dialogue to achieve a cease fire in Afghanistan that includes Pak-

istani participation may act as a glue to help bind the bickering Pakistani establishment. The new Obama administration needs to re-engage with Pakistan on all fronts but particularly to help it deal with the growing internal jihadist threat and that includes helping Pakistan devise a comprehensive policy to disarm the anti-Indian extremist groups that inhabit the important province of Punjab. On its own and without financial help Pakistan is presently incapable of devising any such strategy. And if left out of any peace equation in Afghanistan, its intelligence agencies will be tempted to act as spoilers rather than healers.

SC drops Walk-out in Senate contempt Karachi unrest charges against over House into confidence over ISLAMABAD the situation in the country’s PM Ashraf commercial hub but he did Agencies

Continued fRom page 01

Thai Airways partners with samsung Pakistan in a joint marketing campaign, powering the travel industry with the latest samsung galaxy Tab 2. press release

Zardari assures

bal thackeray on oxygen, not taking food

Continued fRom page 01

MuMBAI: Ailing Shiv Sena chief Bal Thackeray’s condition was described as “serious” late on Wednesday night, reports said. “Thackeray is serious, but stable. A team of doctors is continuously monitoring him,” a party official told reporters. There were reports that the 86year-old leader had been put on a ventilator, but party officials denied them. Two days ago, Thackeray, in a personalised edit in Saamna, the party mouthpiece, had declared that his health was poor, but he was not put on ventilator, as claimed by a section of the media. Online

“Democracy is the future of our younger generation and those who are hatching conspiracies against democracy will never succeed in their nefarious plans, because the entire nation and its political leadership stand united in its support,” he said. Referring to the PML-N, he said those who called themselves “lions” were of the opinion that the 2008 general election should be boycotted, but the PPP persuaded them to take part in the election and helped get rid of General (r) Musharraf. “They have parted

uS general demoted WASHINGTON inP

US Defence Secretary Leon Panetta demoted a former head of the Africa command on charges of excessive travelling and lavish spending. Former commander of United States Africa Command General William Ward will now be retired as a Lieutenant General, the Pentagon Press Secretary George Little said on Wednesday. “A department of the Army will also seek to recoup roughly US $82,000 stemming from General Ward’s misconduct in travel, misuse of military aircraft and staff, and his receipt of reimbursements to which he was not entitled,” he said. In June, the Department of Defence Inspector General issued a report substantiating that General Ward had engaged in numerous acts of misconduct related to misuse of government funds during his tenure as Commander of US Africa Command. “Panetta insists that leaders within the Department of Defence exemplify both professional excellence and sound judgement,” said Little. He added that Panetta wants to ensure that any improprieties or misconduct by senior officers should be dealt with swiftly and appropriately. Since departing from his post at US Africa Command, General Ward reverted to the grade of Major General and is currently serving as a Vice Chief of Staff’s Special Assistant.

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ways with us, but we never closed our doors for them,” he added. Zardari said the attack on Malala was an attack on the education of women. “Those who shot at Malala represent a certain mindset that needed to be changed,” he said. The president said the PPP was working hard to prepare Pakistan for the challenges of the 21st century, adding that the PPP had a vision to take Pakistan to new heights. “We want Pakistan to become a country that is feared by none. We are, therefore, working hard to strengthen Pakistan’s relations with other countries,” he said.

drones kill more terrorists than innocents: Musharraf KARACHI: Former president General (r) Pervez Musharraf said on Wednesday that the US drones were killing mostly terrorists in Pakistan’s tribal areas, and that the number of civilian casualties was being exaggerated. In an interview to a UK-based radio, Musharraf said that a conspiracy was being hatched against the military on the basis of the idea that “if you want to weaken Pakistan, then weaken the army.” Musharraf said that during his tenure he had ordered the intelligence agencies to keep themselves aloof from politics. inP

He praised the services of the law minister and his team for bringing a successful closure to this long standing issue to the satisfaction of all concerned. Appreciating the professional acumen, competence and deft handling of the case by the minister, the prime minister observed that closure of the NRO implementation case had silenced those who propagated a clash of institutions. He said the successful closure of the NRO implementation case would remove the air of uncertainty and help create conducive atmosphere during the political transition, adding that it would facilitate a smooth transfer of power by conducting free and impartial elections in the country. He said the government had fulfilled its commitment to abide by the decisions of the court in letter and spirit. Ashraf expressed the confidence that all institutions would work harmoniously to ensure continuity of the system and strengthening of democracy.

Cabinet endorses MQM’s Continued fRom page 19

On the other hand, a large number of businesses and individuals who were required to be registered with the FBR and to regularly file their income tax returns were avoiding their legal obligations. The FBR, along with NADRA, has data about the multiple bank accounts, travels, assets and other details of these non-filers. Based on this data, two tax incentive schemes were being proposed by the FBR. The past attempts by FBR to register them failed as the FBR field units unfortunately compromised the data. The cabinet was informed that the Tax Registration Enforcement Initiative, 2012 has been devised to attempt through a simple scheme to register and bring into tax net non-filers of tax returns. A fixed tax is proposed and provides cover to undeclared in-

come/assets of up to Rs 5 million. The cabinet was informed that the Investment Tax Scheme, 2012 was being proposed to be enacted under authority given in the section 120A of Income Tax Ordinance 2001, which would attempt through a simple scheme to provide a mechanism and cover to regular filers in addition to non-filers of income tax returns to declare undeclared income assets/expenditure up to the value of Rs 5 million by payment of token tax and additional assets/income by payment of investment tax as per proposed slab. The scheme would be administered through establishing special counters with the help of banks along with NADRA. The Revenue Division secretary informed the cabinet that both schemes should not be taken as a safety net

for those who had not complied with tax laws, but as a trampoline which would provide buoyancy to the national economy and deepen and broaden the tax base. The people availing the schemes shall also have immunity under the National Accountability Ordinance, 1999, Federal Investigation Agency Act, 1974, Companies Ordinance 1984 and Foreign Exchange Ordinance, 2002. These schemes had been fine tuned based on discussions and feed backs from tax bar associations, trade bodies and the field units, he said. The cabinet also accorded ex-post facto approval to start negotiations and signing of the memorandum of understanding (MoU) between the Foreign Service Academy of Pakistan and the Diplomatic Academy of Chile. It also considered and approved Election Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2012.

The Muttahida Qaumi Movement, the Awami National Party, the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz and Baloch nationalists parties staged a walk-out from the Upper House against the worsening law and order in Karachi on Wednesday. ANP Senator Zahid Khan said the law minister had assured the House on Tuesday that Prime Minister Raja Pervvez Ashraf would take the

not even attend the session. He said the provincial and the federal government had been doing nothing to bring peace in the city despite the fact that the lawmakers had kept raising the issue since the past three months. It was the third consecutive day that the government has been facing criticism not only by the opposition but also by its allies, over the Karachi law and order.


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News 05 PTI to stage US-styled debates, but does everyone know about it? PESHAWAr

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cHAMAn: An Afghan woman enters Pakistan after crossing the Pakistan-Afghanistan border in a wheelbarrow on Wednesday. INP

Kaira sees no political involvement in Karachi situation ISLAMABAD Online

Minister for Information and Broadcasting Qamar Zaman Kaira has said no political party is involved in worsening the situation in Karachi, but it is the after effects of war against terrorism. Talking to reporters outside parliament on Wednesday, Kaira said the atmosphere of political victimisation had ended due to politics of reconciliation in the country. “The president has clarified that the government will complete its tenure and the elections will be held on time. We are hoping that the people will vote for the PPP once again,” Kaira said. He said former prime minister Yousaf Raza Gilani’s stance was correct as the court had said there should a middle way on writing the letter. “The PPP found the constitutional solution to the issue,” he said.

The information minister said salaries of government employees had not been raised anywhere in the world but the PPP government had not only increased salaries in Pakistan but had given employment to people.

sAjjAD Ali

HE Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) may be against American drone attacks, but when it comes to democracy, it prefers US-styled debates for its first-ever intra-party elections. However, irrespective of its approach on holding the long-awaited polls, an announcement by the media cell of the PTI Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) chapter on Tuesday gave away the lack of coordination and possible differences within party ranks. “The PTI is going to make history by introducing pre-election debates in the party,” said a press release issued by the PTI KP office. The pre-election debate would be held on November 17 at Nishtar Hall, Peshawar. According to the statement, senior PTI leader Hamid Khan will be the chief guest on the occasion, while the party’s chief provincial election commissioner Qazi Muhammad Anwar and PTI KP Convener Prof Dr Mehr Taj Roghani would be the moderators of the debate. Expressing its desire to see “real democracy” in the country, the PTI announced holding pre-election

debates among various party candidates in order to eliminate status quo and end the influence of certain families over power in the country. The aim of holding intra-party election with US-styled debates is to present local caucuses on district levels throughout the country. The candidates would hold lengthy discussions and undergo primaries to win a party ticket for contesting election on provincial assembly or National Assembly seats and party portfolios. The candidates for party portfolios will have to present their future visions within the framework of the party manifesto before the PTI workers during the debate. But, lack of coordination within the party’s provincial chapter was visible when this scribe contacted two prominent PTI leaders to get their opinion on the pre-election debates. When contacted over the matter, PTI’s provincial spokesman Shah Farman expressed surprise to the point of shock, saying the party had no intention to hold pre-election debates. “Let me talk to the PTI’s media coordinator and ask on whose directives the press release on the pre-election debate is issued, as the party has no such plans so far”, Far-

Balochistan doctors’ strike enters 29th day QuETTA: Doctors in Balochistan boycotted work at OPDs of all government hospitals for the 29th consecutive day on Wednesday, demanding the recovery of their abducted colleague Dr Saeed Ahmed Khan. The general operation theatres were also closed .The strike is being observed on the call of the Pakistan Medical Association (Balochistan). According to the PMA, the strike will continue until Dr Khan was recovered. The provincial government has failed to make any headway in the recovery of the abducted doctor, an eye specialist and head of LRBT Hospital, who was kidnapped on October 16 from Saryab Road in Quetta. Patients coming from far-flung areas of the province have been facing a lot of trouble due to the doctors’ strike. inP

man said and hung up. Asad Qaisar, former provincial party chief and a candidate for the same slot ahead of the intra-party polls, also expressed ignorance over the development. “No way; there is no such plan to organise any pre-election debate,” he exclaimed. After being told that the decision had been reported in the media, he said: “No, no.” Four candidates, including former provincial president Asad Qisar, Shaukat Ali Yousafzai, MPA Pervaiz Khattak and former director general of the Intelligence Bureau Masood Sharif Khattak, are contesting for the provincial presidency, while Saad Abdullah is contesting for the slot of provincial general secretary. Insiders said the candidates who were opposing pre-election debates had not prepared a policy to present to their workers. The PTI has already dissolved all the organisations and bodies for the intraparty polls, and divided the province into four zones, namely Malakand, South, Hazara, and Central (Peshawar). The party has not promised party tickets to anyone, and linked the award of tickets with the nomination by local caucus elected through the intra-party election.

No-trust motion against BA speaker under consideration QuETTA: Consultations began on Wednesday to bring a no-trust motion against Balochistan Assembly Speaker Aslam Bhotani as Prime Minister Raja Pervaiz Ashraf summoned PPP lawmakers to Islamabad in a bid to resolve the crisis. According to sources, PPP’s coalition partners and independent candidates are being consulted to present a no-trust motion against Bhotani. The sources added that Bhotani could be replaced with any other member of the PML-Q. On Tuesday, Balochistan Assembly unanimously adopted a resolution, backing Aslam Raisani as the chief minister. In interim order, the Supreme Court had ruled that the Balochistan government had lost its constitutional authority in the wake of poor law and order situation. inP

Youth ready to change the country’s fate: Qureshi LAHOrE sTAFF RePORT

Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Vice Chairman Shah Mahmood Qureshi said on Wednesday that the youth would play a vital role in ushering winds of change in the country. Addressing the PTI’s Youth Convention, Qureshi said the young men and women who had volunteered and worked day and night to organise the event would be the real agents of change who would reject traditional politics. He said that the obsolete and corrupt political system would end through new political reformation. He said that while PTI might lack experience, Imran Khan’s credibility more than made up for that. He said that PTI was neither the product of electoral rigging, nor would it ever allow that to take place. He praised the enthusiasm of the youth at the conference and said that if this zeal remained as strong, PTI would expect a 60 to 70 percent voter turnout and sweep the next general elections. He said that even though no transport or media coverage had been arranged for the convention on November 4, people used their own resources and social media to turn it into a great success. Qureshi said that PTI would not stop at this and their next Youth Conventions would be held in KPK, South Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan. He addressed the youth of

Balochistan and acknowledged their hardships and committed to redress their issues once in power. He said that Khan would address a rally in Mirpur AJK today (Thursday) and uphold national interest without compromising on principles. Qureshi praised the efforts of the youth and told them to keep up

their good work. He said that Khan had announced a 25 percent quota for them in the Parliament and it was up to them to prove their abilities. Qureshi distributed certificates among volunteers while young students chanted slogans and expressed solidarity with PTI.

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PAF Chaklala officials given 10 days to change water pipelines RAWALPINDI: Rawalpindi District Consumer Court had given a deadline of 10 days to officials of PAF Chaklala to change water pipelines in the area. Wing Commander Raja Parvez Hassan appeared before the court in the case of the supply of adulterated water to residents. The PAF officials prayed that the consumers paid the cost of the pipes and the authority should be given one month’s time for installation work. The court rejected the viewpoint of PAF officials and remarked that the consumers were not responsible for paying the cost of pipes as they paid their bills regularly. The court ordered the officials to lay the new pipelines in 10 days and present its report in the court on November 23. inP

Report claims targeted killing ‘under control’ Community policing restored rAWALPINDI inP

To curb crime and ensure effective policing, Islamabad Police announced to restore community policing in the federal capital. The decision was taken in a meeting held under the chair of Inspector General Bani Amin Khan. The meeting was attended by DIG (Headquarters) Dr Sultan Azam Temuri, SP (Saddar) Sajid Kiani and in-charge of Police Community Police Centres. Under the system, police personnel of inspector and sub-inspector ranks would be appointed as in-charge of community centres. The IGP said that strict action would be taken against those disturbing the law and order situation with the help of the community in order to make Islamabad a crime free city.

FIA arrests passenger attempting to travel on fake visa RAWALPINDI: Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) on Wednesday arrested a passenger from Benazir Bhutto International Airport Islamabad, who was attempting to travel to Greece on a fake visa. During the routine checking of travelling documents, FIA (Passport Circle) took the passenger into its custody for trying to proceed to Greece on a bogus visa. Without disclosing the name of the arrested passenger, sources said that FIA had started investigations to arrest the agents involved in preparing fake documents and fleecing the public. “I secured the visa after paying 600 Euros,” sources quoted the passenger as saying. APP

Met office predicts rain for the weekend ISLAMABAD: Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD) on Wednesday indicated chances of light rain for different places of Upper Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Gilgit Baltistan during Friday and Saturday. According to the synoptic situation, continental air prevailed over most parts of the country. Mainly dry weather was expected in most parts of the country during the next 24 hours. Foggy/misty conditions were likely to prevail over Central/Southern areas of Punjab and Peshawar division during late night and morning. APP

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APP

EASURES adopted by the federal and provincial authorities to combat target killings, had brought down the number of such incidents during the last two months in the country. Data available with APP revealed on Wednesday that within Islamabad, concerned authorities had established 29 halting points with a break up of 12 in the city zone, 9 in Saddar and 10 in the I-Area zone. Around 51 vehicles had been deployed at these halting points. The data further revealed that from 1359 hours to 0600 hours, the number of halting points had been increased to 126. Around 63 vehicles had been deployed at these halting points to keep an eye over suspicious persons and vehicles, to control target killing.

With regard to the patrolling system within ICT, data revealed that it had also been revamped and 15 Falcons and 16 pairs of Eagle Motorcycles along with 6 Commandos’ vehicles had been deployed, and officials were working in three shifts for surveillance. Regarding check posts, the data revealed that a total 60 posts had been erected, including 24 in the city zone, 18 in Saddar, 14 in Industrial Area and four check posts had been erected in the rural zone that are functioning round the clock. On steps taken in Punjab, the data revealed that activities of Afghan trained boys (ATBs), returnees from Afghan prisons (RAPs)/Guantanamo Bay, madaris involved in militancy, firebrand speakers of different sectarian organizations and the publication and distribution of hate material were being monitored closely to control target killing in the province.

Karachi Police, in order to combat the crime, undertook measures including beefing up presence in violence affected areas, apprehension of target killers and gangsters, enhancement of patrolling in sensitive areas, monitoring and surveillance of sensitive areas, etc. However, 124 target killers involved in violence had been arrested. Steps taken in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) included extraordinary vigilance, sharing of intelligence with other law enforcing agencies (LEAs), effective police patrolling round the clock and the establishment of additional checkpoints in conspicuous places, and detection of most of crimes and interrogation of suspects. In FATA, the data revealed that special focus had been maintained and measures were taken in shape of deployment of LEAs on all routes leading to and from the agencies, to ensure that target killing in the juris-

diction of the respective agencies was effectively controlled. Due to the efforts of their respective Political Administrations, target killing in FATA had been brought down to minimum with the exception to one incident which took place on October 11 in North Waziristan Agency, in which three persons were killed and one was injured. In Balochistan, the number of target killing incidents was 30 during September and October, due to which 10 personnel of LEAs and 24 civilians lost their lives while 12 LEAs’ personnel and 11 civilians received injuries. CCTV cameras had been installed at key points within the provincial capital and all entry and exit points of Quetta district. Security at troubled spots had been enhanced in order to provide security to the citizens. Traders were being escorted from Hazar Ganji to Hazara Town and onward up to Marriabad Quetta while mourners travelling from Quetta to Iran were also being escorted through the route by District Police and Levies Force in the area of responsibility.

Millions forcibly displaced facing ‘secondary disaster’ in cities: report nAb nabs 2 for ISLAMABAD sTAFF RePORT

Millions of people, forcibly displaced by natural and man-made disasters, often face a ‘secondary disaster’ that comes from living in unplanned and informal settlements. They lack the necessary social service, including health care and clean water, which they struggle to access alongside facing an increased exposure to sexual and gender-based violence. This was revealed at the launching of the World Disasters Report 2012 at a ceremony jointly organised by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and Pakistan Red Crescent Society (PRCS) here on Wednesday. The Report stresses that people forcibly displaced by conflict, disasters, persecution and other factors are increasingly seeking refuge in cities and not in relief camps.

Speaking at the launching ceremony of the report, PRCS Chairman Managing Board Member Mian Muhammad Javed said that the report focused on forced migration and displacement. He said at present, the Red Cross and Red Crescent estimated that there were more than 72 million forced migrants which was equivalent to one in every hundred people on the planet. These were people who do not have a choice but to leave their homes and flee because of a range of sadly predictable factors such as conflict and violence. “Think of Syria and the Arab Spring, political persecution, mega natural disasters like Haiti and our own country Pakistan and even poorly planned development projects,” he said. As the report outlined, governments can also minimize the impact of migration on their communities and can even benefit from new arrivals by including migrant health issues in na-

tional health plans, and by working more broadly to ensure that migrants become productive members of their new communities. “Governments and humanitarian organisations are still struggling to figure out how to support these people who have fled a disaster or a conflict and who have ended up living in informal parts of towns or cities,” Mian Javed added. In Pakistan, displacement was no longer a once-in-years phenomenon, since countless number of people migrated throughout the year because of domestic conflicts and natural disasters. Head of Delegation IFRC Karen H Bjornestad speaking on the occasion said for the IFRC, the World Disaster Report 2012 provided practical backing for ongoing call to governments to ensure that migrants, irrespective of their legal status, have access to humanitarian assistance and that they were treated at all times with respect and

dignity. In November 2011, at the 31st International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, 164 governments agreed to this principle by adopting a resolution in this regard. She stressed that governments needed to adopt new policies and strategies that recognize the rights of migrants while helping them become productive members of communities and not a burden, as some may perceive. Others who also spoke on the occasion included UNHCR Pakistan representative Neill Wright, Head of Delegation International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) Paul Castella, and Country Director International Labour Organization (ILO) Francesco D’Ovidio. A copy of the World Disaster Report 2012 was officially handed over to the Chief of Mission International Organization for Migration (IOM) Enrico Ponziani to signify the official launch of the book in Pakistan.

rs 300m fraud ISLAMABAD Online

National Accountability Bureau (NAB) has arrested two swindlers on the charge of getting Rs 300 million from 27 citizens by fraud. NAB spokesman told reporters that both the culprits Tahir Saeed and Naeem Raza formed a firm with the name of Ahmed Trading Company and started the business of money changing. They lured people into investing by promising good returns and also gave fake foreign currency to their customers. The investors made investment in the bogus company by using international fund telegraph transfer through bank. When NAB got the records from the bank, it revealed that entire amount was transferred in a personal account. Accountability court Islamabad has handed over both the wrongdoers to NAB on 14 days physical remand.


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Islamabad 07 RCB confiscates six truckloads of goods under its antiencroachment operation rAWALPINDI APP

Rawalpindi Cantonment Board (RCB) confiscated six truckloads of goods from different markets in its campaign against encroachments, while fines were imposed on a number of shopkeepers. The anti-encroachment operation had further been intensified in RCB areas to provide relief to citizens visiting the markets. According to the RCB Additional Executive Cantonment Officer (AECO) Shakeel Anwar Jappa the grand clean-up operation against encroachments was underway in RCB areas under the special instructions of the Rawalpindi Station Commander. He said that RCB markets were regularly being visited by the staff concerned and raid were being conducted in main markets. Six truckloads were confiscated during the last two days from Hafiz Abad, Naseer Abad and Saddar areas. Vendors who were found selling their products displayed on footpaths and different roads were fined and given warnings. He said that strict action would be taken against those violating orders.

ECP to provide level playing ground to all candidates ISLAMABAD sTAFF RePORT

“The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) will provide level playing ground to all the political parties and contesting candidates to ensure fair, transparent and credible elections as elections are not only vital for the democracy but also for the stability of the country ”. This was stated by Ishtiak Ahmad Khan, secretary ECP in a meeting with the participants of the 12th Senior Management Course (SMC) of National Institute of Management, Karachi, who visited the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) on their inland study tour here today on Wednesday. Ishtiak Ahmad Khan said that a survey has been conducted regarding establishment of permanent polling stations and after approval of the ECP, the list of these permanent polling stations will be shared with political parties inviting suggestions/complaints thereon. Later on, it will be placed on ECP’s website to eliminate the possibility of any changes at eleventh hour and to keep the voters informed about the location of their concerned polling stations. The secretary informed the participants that Code of Conduct for the political parties and candidates has already been finalized and sent to the political parties on October 7, 2012 to seek their valuable feedback latest by October 22, 2012.

islAMABAD: A large number of people released blue balloon (symbol of Diabetes) into the air after a walk to mark the “World Debates Day” at D chowk. INP

Govt may table OGRA ordinance into parliament: standing committee ISLAMABAD

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Online

ENATE committee on Wednesday requested the government to bring Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority (OGRA) ordinance 2002 into the Parliament to make it an act. The meeting of the Senate Standing Committee on Cabinet Secretariat, held in the parliament house with Senator Kalsoom Parveen in the chair, strongly criticized the role of Oil and Gas regulatory Authority (OGRA) and said that despite it being a regulatory body, OGRA’s role was critical as it could develop or destroy the economy of the country. Price fluctuations affect each and every commodity of life as each and every thing is linked to petroleum prices. Senator Abdul Haseeb said that the appointment of OGRA Chair-

man Saeed Ahmed had not been carried out in a transparent manner as four members had not been considered during the process of appointment of the chairman. Senator Kamil Ali Agha said that there was a dire need for legislation over the OGRA ordinance and this legislation was in favour of the common man. The standing committee suggested that the government needed to fix the petroleum levy. Najma Hameed said that the government should withdraw the free fuel provision to the government as it was a heavy burden on the economy. The committee showed strong reservations over oil prices and the price mechanism formula and decided to come with their own price determination formula in the next meeting. Expressing concerns over CESS, the standing committee asked the OGRA chairman to give

complete details about the total amount collected under CESS. The committee also asked officials of OGRA to give the selection criteria of the OGRA chairman and its members. The chairman said that during a hearing in the Supreme Court, Secretary Petroleum Dr Waqar Masood withdrew the MoU of operating costs of CNG and no formula had been given so far, therefore the price of CNG had been frozen. He informed the committee that petroleum prices were fixed by following a formula from the federal cabinet and till the further directions from the cabinet, old prices would be maintained. CNG Association Chairman Ghiyas Paracha said that the association wanted to provide relief to consumers and to maintain lower prices however it was the responsibility of the government to impose equal tax on all sectors.

PHA to spend Rs 30m on planting flowers on green belts rAWALPINDI sTAFF RePORT

Rawalpindi Parks and Horticulture Agency (PHA) decided to spend Rs 30 million on planting flowers on green belts of various roads in Rawalpindi. According to sources, the flowers planting process had been started in green belts of various roads including Benazir Bhutto Road, Rawal Road, Saidpur Road, Sixth Road and Fifth Road. PHA Managing Director Captain Mushtaq Ahmed said that scarcity of funds was usually a problem, adding that they were planting flowers in the authority’s nursery as well, that would be ready to be planted on green belts and parks till April. He said that this would improve the situation of all the parks. “We are trying to hire gardeners at daily wages for the purpose,” he said. Expressing their reservations, citizens of the city said that it would have been better to use the grant for metalling the roads and streets. They said that they smelled a rat in the scheme and wondered as to who such a big amount was going to be spent on instead. A citizen said that with such an amount the whole city could be filled with flowers. He said that a little amount would be spent on flowers plantation while the rest would go to specific pockets, as was the norm in the country.

‘Shabash Pakistan’ impacts Bahria University ISLAMABAD sTAFF RePORT

School of Leadership’s (SoL) nationwide campaign titled ‘Shabash Pakistan’ met for its sixth session in Bahria University, in which 500 students of the university came together and pledged to save their motherland by becoming ambassadors of peace SoL unveiled the first event of ‘Shabash Pakistan’ in Bahria University. The second event took place in Air University. The movement aimed at reviving patriotism and ‘Pakistaniyat’ in the

youth to create a positive image of Pakistan in the international arena. The campaign involves a series of three one-day sessions in four universities, which would be divided over three months. The target audience is the undergraduate and graduate students. School of Leadership is known for being pioneers of the training industry in Pakistan. They claim to provide a platform for individuals to discover and utilize their ability to elevate their lives through conscious endeavours. SoL helps bring about

positive changes in people’s personal, professional and social lives, which favourably impacts their families, organizations, communities and society at large. SoL aspires to empower people through greater awareness of self, others and their environment, to enable them to steer their communities and organizations to higher levels of sustainable growth, impact and profitability. SoL believes that the youth can be trusted to shape their own destiny, inspire their communities and craft a brighter future.

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NEWS DESK

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RESSED up in elaborate, feminine outfits and artfully applied makeup, they are showered with money while dancing at all-male wedding parties. But the lives of transgender people in Pakistan are also marked by harassment, rejection and poverty, according to a report by the Washington Post. Transgender people live in a tenuous position in conservative Pakistan, where the roles of the sexes are traditionally starkly drawn. Families often push them out of the home when they’re young, forcing many to prostitute themselves to earn a living. One role where they are tolerated is as dancers at weddings and other celebrations at which men and women are strictly segregated. In between the dancing and showers of rupee notes, they must fend off groping from drunken guests. “I don’t understand why people feel it is their duty to tease and taunt us,” said one transgender Pakistani who goes by the name Symbal. Many in the transgender community pick a name for themselves and do not use their last name to protect their family. Others beg on the streets or earn money by blessing newborn babies. The blessings reflect a widespread belief in Pakistan and other South Asian nations that God answers the prayers of someone who was born underprivileged, said Iqbal Hussain, a Pakistani researcher who has studied the transgender community. But he cautioned that didn’t mean people were ready to give them equal rights. In recent years the community has gained some government protection. A Supreme Court ruling in 2011 allowed them to get national identity cards recognizing them as a separate identity — neither male or female — and allowing them to vote.

In neighboring India, the election commission ruled in 2009 that transgender people could register to vote as “other,” rather than male or female. In other parts of the region and Muslim world, the attitude toward transgenders is also complex. In Thailand, the community is very visible and broadly tolerated. Transgender people are regularly seen on TV soap operas, working at department store cosmetics counters or popular restaurants and walking the runways in numerous transgender beauty pageants. Many transgender Indonesians publicly wear women’s clothes and makeup and work

YOgA WITH AmANDA

as singers. But societal disdain still runs deep. They have taken a much lower profile in recent years, following a series of attacks by Muslim hard-liners. In Malaysia, Muslim men who wear women’s clothes can be prosecuted in Islamic courts. In the Arab world, there is little opportunity for transgender people to openly show their identity in public. In 2007, Kuwait made “imitating members of the opposite sex” a crime, leading to the arrest of hundreds of transgender women, Human Rights Watch said. In Iraq, extremists have targeted and killed people perceived of being gay or effeminate.

POTTerY & HOBBY CerAmICS

DrummINg CIrCle

CollegeS / uniVerSitieS internAtionAl iSlAMiC uniVerSity 9260765 bAHriA uniVerSity 9260002 nuMl 9257677 quAid-e-AzAM uniVerSity 90642098 Arid AgriCulture uniVerSity 9290151 fJwu 9273235 riPHA internAtionAl uniVerSity 111510510 nCA rAwAlPindi 5770423 PunJAb lAw College 4421347 thursday, 15 november, 2012

dAte: oCt 22 - deC 31 Venue: KuCH KHAAS: ArtS & Culture this yoga course will creatively and mindfully incorporate physical poses with the rhythm of the breath. the course will teach you the fundamentals of yoga, such as good alignment, body mechanics, and breathwork.

dAte: oCt 22 - deC 31 Venue: KuCH KHAAS: ArtS & Culture

dAte And tiMe: 05:00 PM, weeKly eVent Venue: tHe Centre for ArtS & Culture

instructor: Shahid waheed timings : 4pm - 6:00pm days : Monday, tuesday & wednesday.

our drumming circle is a (free!) ongoing event and is held every friday from 5pm to 6pm. we are having a great time, and want to share the good time with you! our drumming circle has children ...


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Foreign News 09 Sri lanka denies intimidating un over tamil deaths cOLOMBO Agencies

TRiPOli: A team of libyan experts and military engineers dismantle a rocket under the supervision of the un. experts were assigned to dump the toxic chemicals left over from the former gaddafi regime. AgeNCIeS

Iraq bombings kill 17 on eve of Muharram BAGHDAD

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t least 17 people have been killed and dozens wounded in bombings across Iraq, on the eve of the Islamic new year and the holy month of Muharram. Six car bombs and roadside devices exploded in the capital, Baghdad, and four other cities, the AFP news agency cited officials as saying. In the deadliest attack, at least three bombs went off simultaneously in Kirkuk, killing at least five people. Muharram is an important part of the Shia Muslim religious calendar.

israel ministry paper proposes ‘toppling’ Abbas over un bid TEL AvIv Agencies

A position paper by Israel's foreign ministry proposes "toppling" President Mahmoud Abbas if Palestine's bid for UN non-member state status is approved. The internal document says it is "the only option" if deterrence efforts do not succeed, even though Israel "would have to pay the consequences". Mr Abbas will submit a request to the UN General Assembly on 29 November. Israel and the US strongly oppose the move, saying an independent state can only be achieved through negotiations. A Palestinian bid to join the UN as a full member state in 2011 failed because of a lack of support at the Security Council. Currently, the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO), the umbrella group which represents most Palestinian factions and conducts negotiations with Israel, only has "permanent observer" status at the UN. Mr Abbas, who is chairman of the PLO and president of the Palestinian Authority, wants Palestine to be admitted as a nonmember observer state based on the boundaries which existed before Israel occupied the the West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip during the 1967 war. The Israeli position paper is intended for use in internal discussions and has not been endorsed by Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman.

During its first 10 days, millions will commemorate the martyrdom in 680AD (61 in the Islamic calendar) of Imam Hussein, a grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, at the Battle of Karbala. The mourning culminates in the festival of Ashura. Shia religious events have in the past frequently been targeted by extremist Sunni Islamist militant groups, including al-Qaeda in Iraq. No group has said it was behind Wednesday's bombings, most of which occurred in the ethnically-mixed, oil-rich northern province of Kirkuk. Police said the attacks in Kirkuk city started with a car bomb explosion near the offices of the Kurdistan Democratic Party, led by the president of the semi-autonomous

Kurdistan region, Massoud Barzani. As security forces and bystanders gathered at the scene, there was a second blast, leaving at least five people dead and 34 wounded. "My child was killed! His friends were killed!" Shukriyah Rauf screamed after the blast, according to AFP. "There is no security here, our homes were destroyed!" A separate attack in Kirkuk wounded seven street cleaners. "The car bomb targeted our friends they are not police, soldiers or politicians," said Jassim al-Obeidi. "They just wanted to make a little money." Another car bomb targeted an army patrol in the nearby, predominantly Sunni town of Hawija, killing at least

four people. In the town of Hilla, south of Baghdad, a vehicle packed with explosives blew up near a girls' secondary school and a crowded poultry market, leaving at least six people dead and dozens wounded, among them reportedly schoolchildren. A blast was also reported in the town of Bald Ruz, in the central province of Diyala. In the capital, Baghdad, one person was killed and at least six were wounded in a series of blasts. One of the explosions went off near the Palestine and Ishtar Sheraton hotels, two of the city's biggest, shattering nearby windows. Another blast was reported in the central Firdous Square.

China party congress wraps up ahead of leadership unveiling BEIJING Agencies

China's Communist Party has concluded a week-long congress, a day before unveiling its new leadership line-up. More than 2,200 delegates met to select a new Central Committee in Beijing's Great Hall of the People. That committee will meet on Thursday to endorse China's top decision-making body, the Politburo Standing Committee. The new line-up will be keenly watched for signs of China's future economic and political direction. In a closing statement, President Hu Jintao said the congress had "re-

placed older leaders with younger ones" and made decisions of "far-reaching historical significance", Xinhua news agency said. China's leadership change happens every 10 years. The party congress opened on 8 November with a televised work report from Mr Hu, but since then the decision-making has been taking place behind closed doors. While votes are held, key selections are in reality decided in advance by top leaders, with the Politburo Standing Committee line-up to be revealed at 11:00 (03:00 GMT) on Thursday. Xi Jinping and Li Keqiang are expected to become party leader and

deputy respectively. Mr Xi is also expected to take over from Hu Jintao as China's president in March 2013. Both were appointed to the Central Committee, Xinhua news agency confirmed, as were the leading contenders for inclusion in the Standing Committee. Vice-Premier Wang Qishan, propaganda chief Liu Yunshan, party organisation chief Li Yuanchao, Tianjin party boss Zhang Gaoli and Vice-Premier Zhang Dejiang are all thought to be front-runners. But the exact composition of the committee - which could be reduced from nine to seven members - will not be clear until it is formally announced.

The Sri Lankan government has denied allegations that it intimidated UN staff at the end of the civil war. The claims were made in a UN report leaked, in which the UN accused itself of failing the civilian Tamil population in the final stages of the conflict in 2009. The Sri Lankan UN ambassador said it was "absolute nonsense" to say a "small country" could intimidate the UN. Palitha Kohona said his country had worked with senior UN officials. Plantations Minister Mahinda Samarasinghe told a press conference in the capital, Colombo, that he did not want to comment directly on the report. But he said: "How can you intimidate them (the UN)? They don't get intimidated by anyone." The UN's investigation into its own conduct during the last months of the conflict concluded: "Events in Sri Lanka mark a grave failure of the UN." It said the organisation should in future "be able to meet a much higher standard in fulfilling its protection and humanitarian responsibilities". The report does highlight the positive role played by some UN staff on the ground and the secretary general, but it points to a "systemic failure". It questions decisions such as the withdrawal of UN staff from the war zone in September 2008 after the Sri Lankan government warned it could no longer guarantee their safety. A Tamil school teacher now seeking asylum in Britain, said "We begged them (the UN), we pleaded with them not to leave the area. They did not listen to us."The teacher who did not want to be named, added: “If they had stayed there, and listened to us, many more people would be alive today.” ‘DIffICuLT DILEMMAS’: The UN's former humanitarian chief, John Holmes, has criticised the report. Mr Holmes said the UN faced "some very difficult dilemmas" at the time and could be criticised for the decisions it had taken. "But the idea that if we behaved differently, the Sri Lankan government would have behaved differently I think is not one that is easy to reconcile with the reality at the time," he said. The government and Tamil rebels are accused of war crimes in the brutal conflict which ended in May 2009. The 26-year war left at least 100,000 people dead. There are still no confirmed figures for tens of thousands of civilian deaths in the last months of battle. An earlier UN investigation said it was possible up to 40,000 people had been killed in the final five months alone. Others suggest the number of deaths could be even higher. Hundreds of thousands of Tamil civilians remained in the war zone, exploited by both sides: forcibly recruited by Tamil Tigers or used as human shields; or under indiscriminate government fire. On the day before the war ended, 17 May 2009, Mr Samarasinghe said: "Soldiers saved all the Tamil civilians trapped inside the war zone without shedding a drop of blood."

European workers stage austerity protests MADrID Agencies

Workers across the European Union are staging a series of protests and strikes against rising unemployment and austerity measures. General strikes in Spain and Portugal halted transport, businesses and schools and led to clashes between police and protesters in Madrid. Smaller strikes were reported in Greece, Italy and Belgium, and rallies were planned in other countries. Hundreds of flights have been cancelled in Spain and Portugal.

Airlines are recommending passengers check the schedules before setting out to airports. The European Trade Union Confederation has co-ordinated the Europe-wide action. The confederation's Judith KirtonDarling said that austerity was not working. "It's increasing inequalities, it's increasing the social instability in society and it's not resolving the economic crisis," she said. Some 40 groups from 23 countries are involved in Wednesday's demonstrations. 'There is just no work' Unions in Spain and Portugal started strikes at midnight to protest against austerity measures that have combined

tax rises with cuts in salaries, pensions, benefits and social services. Marchers came out late on Tuesday in Spain, where 25% are unemployed, the highest rate in Europe. "I have two sons in my house, one is getting subsidies, the other has been at home for the last three years," said protesting housewife, Paqui Olmo. "It is not that he doesn't want to work, there is just no work." In the first reported clashes of the day, picketers and police fought at a Madrid bus depot where demonstrators were trying to stop buses from leaving. There were outbreaks of violence in other Spanish cities, and the interior min-

istry said more than 30 arrests had been made. The government has played down the strike, saying the electricity grid is registering 80% of its normal usage. But unions claim the operations of several large companies, including Danone and Heineken, have ground to a halt. In neighbouring Portugal, demonstrators took to the streets in the early hours, carrying banners denouncing the European Union, International Monetary Fund and European Central Bank. The so-called troika has bailed out Portugal to the tune of 78bn euros ($100bn; £62bn), and demanded deep austerity measures in return.

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10 Comment Dedicated to the legacy of the late Hameed Nizami

Arif Nizami

Change in the system Only through democratic means

Editor Lahore – Ph: 042-36298305-10 Fax: 042-36298302 Karachi – Ph: 021-35381208-9 Fax: 021-35381208 Islamabad – Ph: 051-2287414-6 Fax: 051-2287417 Web: www.pakistantoday.com.pk Email: editorial@pakistantoday.com.pk

the farce in balochistan it’s all on PPP

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he farce that was staged in Balochistan Assembly on Tuesday amounted to trivialisation of the democratic system. It could be easily predicted that despite his abysmal failure to perform CM Raisani would get a confidence vote on account of the system he had engineered in negation of the spirit of democracy. It would be difficult to find another assembly in the world where practically every legislator has been made a minister. In the absence of an opposition that could keep the government on toes, its tenure has been marked by irresponsiveness to the needs of the people. The unprecedented amount of funds made available under the 7th NFC Award could have been employed for social development, particularly in health and education sectors, thus creating thousands of new jobs for the youth in the province. The budget for 2012-13, however, envisaged a decline of around Rs 10 billion in development funds compared to the revised estimates of 2011-12. As a result, in Balochistan, the development expenditure constituted only 25 percent of total expenditures while in Sindh, KP and Punjab, it was 42.3 percent, 33.7 percent and 31.9 percent respectively. Those who benefitted from the extraordinary award were only the provincial ministers as funds put at their disposal were more than doubled. This was widely seen as bribes to ensure their loyalty to the CM. Cabinet members have been accused by colleagues of indulging in heinous crimes like kidnapping for ransom. The CM, however, has provided protection to the accused. It doesn’t matter to the MPA-cum-ministers if killings and kidnappings continue or alienation spreads among the Baloch and the minority Hazaras, as long as their perks, privileges and an unchecked spending of funds are protected. While a vote of confidence in the CM has thus been manoeuvred, the issue remains far from being settled. The working of the government under Raisani has already caused divisions in the PPP. The provincial chapter of the party has cancelled his basic membership. The Balochistan provincial council has termed the assembly session unlawful and called on the PPP central leadership to take action against the CM. The PPP has to realise that the way the administration is working in Balochistan provides ground to forces opposed to democracy to malign the system. The federal government, therefore, needs to intervene to set things right in the province by making use of the remedies available under the constitution. Instead of waiting for the SC full verdict on the working of the Balochistan government, the federal government should itself resolve the situation.

By Adeel Amjad

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ince 1947, democratic forces have resolved to bring change in Pakistan, sometimes revolutionary and sometimes evolutionary. The founding fathers of this nation laid down the basis of an independent state but the idea of independence has been transformed at many levels. Call it Bhutto’s genius that brought the liberal and conservative forces under one platform to adopt the 1973 Constitution or the intuition of the people of Pakistan to live and prosper in a democratic country, this land has seen a lot of diverse changes in its socio-political system. Opinions have differed over the decades on the basic concept of separation of powers in Pakistan. Constitution came under different interpretations as the regimes changed, each with its own particular liking, tone and intention. Thus, every democratic or dictatorial regime has only been raising the slogan of “change” without bringing any real change. The talk of revolution has been going on and on in governments after governments, yet the end results turned out to be the same. For once, the people of Pakistan must realise that all this nation needs is education and information in its true context. The idea of change is nothing new as every regime has been playing this masquerade. Some claimed to have done so by engaging the radical Muslims while the others stuck with the basic social needs of the masses. Still the majority of population in Pakistan resides in villages and are least bothered by any concept of change. Instead, their votes, the only true democratic determiner for a change, are mostly cast on the basis of candidate’s caste, family, biradari, feudalism or nuisance value. Shouldn’t this be the real worry for the flag bearers of change as no real change is possible without bringing a change in the antiquated customs and norms of our society? Come elections and every political party will come up with slogans to attract the masses. The political process in this country has been subject to interventions, causing se-

vere damage in establishing institutes and rules. The only thing permanent here is the continuous and consistent intervention of non political organs into the civilian working. Why, then, is the political scenario in 2013 elections considered to be different from any other elections in the country? Why do political parties seem so geared up in bringing the necessary change? What’s so different about these elections? The statements issued by government representatives and opposition leaders always warn people of the dangers lying in future. Strangely, political parties are still showing optimism for the electoral process. Punjab presents an excellent case study into this phenomenon. The involvement of the youth is considered a new litmus test for the popularity and success of a political party. The followers of such parties believe that the massive input given by the youngsters will help the “tsunami” or the “laptop holders” in claiming control over the executive and legislature. Chairman PTI Imran Khan of late has attracted more controversies, and perhaps political sagacity, than in his about two decade-long political career. Similarly, CM Punjab Shahbaz Sharif has maintained an image of clean and strict politician, who follows rules and does not allow others to deviate from them as well. He also has his own concept of bringing the “Youth Revolution” in Pakistan. Both Shahbaz Sharif and Imran Khan are trying to woo the voters by targeting the issues of corruption and lawlessness. All this while they gained stature by showing their uncompromising attitude towards pro-government forces. Similarly, religious parties are still clinging to their anti-America approach for public support. PPP and PML-N are also targeting South Punjab by support-

ing their demand of a separate province. In other words, the political parties are showing their willingness to continue working within the system. However, Pakistan requires more than willingness to make any significant headway. In the past, the people have been given false hopes of change. Can there be any change where candidates are still elected democratically and come into power through legal means? Or, maybe, the question should be: do we need any change? But then again, they promise roti, kapra, makan or so many other slogans, but do nothing when they actually hold power. We, the people of Pakistan, have got used to the idea of being gracefully dumped but we still continue to remain passionately hopeful for this country. The success of political parties rests on the mobilisation of the people. Almost all the political parties that took part in 2008 general elections had a chance to serve in the government during the past five years at both federal and provincial levels. To the credit of opposition, no effort was made to derail the political process while the government gets the credit of sticking to democratic norms. The policies of PPP and its allied can be criticised on the basis of deteriorating law and order situation and continuously tumbling economy but the dignity and integrity shown by its leaders in abiding by the decisions of the apex court deserves great applause. Major political forces in Pakistan seem to have learnt a lesson from the past and are sticking to the main goal of remaining on the path of strengthening democracy. However, the end result of this effort will not be revealed any sooner. The writer can be a.amjad@decurious.com

reached

at

Malala’s impact When girls are treated like adults By Yasmeen Hassan

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n defending the right of girls to go to school, 14-year-old Malala Yousafzai was targeted for assassination by extremists as if she were a frontline activist or political operative in her country’s war against extremism. The perpetrators of this brutal crime had no regard for the fact that she was a child. That there was no protective shield around Malala’s innocence has outraged Pakistani society. The fact that a young girl was targeted viciously and treated as an adult, rather than as the child she is, has reverberated around the world. By virtue of their gender, girls are both poignant symbols and easy targets. Their potential is exploited and limited, in different ways, in nearly all societies. Adolescent girls like Malala are disproportionately vulnerable to human rights abuses that can have severe and long lasting consequences. They generally lack adequate ways to defend themselves against abuse by family, teachers or strangers and therefore remain vulnerable to attacks in their homes, schools and communities. As a result, their safety, education, access to justice and ability to de-

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velop their human potential is fundamentally compromised. At Equality Now, we created the Adolescent Girls Legal Defense Fund (AGLDF) to address the unique human rights abuses against girls in early adolescence that harm their self-esteem, strip them of basic rights and deny them access to legal protection, social entitlements and economic opportunities. Working with partners around the world, we support and publicise legal cases that represent the most common and significant human rights abuses against adolescent girls. Our goal is increasing legal protection for girls through impact litigation and law reform and enhancing the capacity of communities to address adolescent girls’ human rights. AGLDF also works to prevent violence against girls by ensuring that legal systems protect girls and deter perpetrators. In nearly all the cases we work on, girls are treated and tried as adults. In one case, Wafa, an 11-year-old Yemeni girl, had dreams of pursuing her education like Malala before she was married by her father to a 40-year-old man. She hardly understood what was happening when the marriage ceremony took place and she was taken to her new husband’s family. She was then forced to abandon her

education. Defenders of traditional child marriage often claim that girls betrothed at a young age remain with their parents until they are mature enough to be wives. Stories from child brides around the world prove this is often not the case. In her husband’s household, Wafa took on a slave-like role, functioning as a servant to an abusive husband and his mother. After a year of marriage, during which she was violently beaten, she escaped and ran home. However, when girls are treated as adults, family is often unable to provide them with adequate protection and support in crisis. Wafa’s father died a few months prior to her escape and her mother was unwell. Her husband repeatedly attempted to forcibly take her back. Working with Yemen Women Union (YWU), Equality Now took on Wafa’s case and successfully arranged for a lawyer to represent her. A Yemeni court agreed to grant Wafa a divorce on the condition that she paid back the dower—money that her husband paid her family at the time of marriage but that her father had since spent. The absence of a law banning child marriage in Yemen meant she was unable to get out of the marriage without being subjected to these divorce requirements for women. In recalling her experience in court,

Wafa said, “At the beginning, the judge was very kind and understanding and I believed he would support me. However, when my husband came before the judge, the judge asked me whether my husband used to beat me. At that point, I was so scared of my husband that I changed my answers and said that he did not abuse me. Then I felt the judge changed his attitude toward me.” Wafa has said that the judge disregarded the fact that she is a child. His decision that she either returned to her husband or repaid the dowry was profoundly disappointing. Wafa’s uncle borrowed money to repay the dower, and the judge consequently issued Wafa a divorce. Her uncle then began pressuring her to marry him. Wafa remains in limbo. She is now in a shelter, where there is a measure of distance and protection from her uncle. Now 14-year-old, the same age as Malala, she has returned to school and is doing better. But without a law banning child marriage, girls like her remain at constant risk of exploitation and abuse. Wafa recently told us, “My message to other parents is that they should not think of marrying their daughters at a young age. Girls should go to school. I don’t want any girl to suffer as I did. Girls should be educated in order to be able to live happily

and in dignity.” In Pakistan, Malala’s case has risen to such prominence that her perpetrators, if apprehended, are unlikely to receive any impunity. Like the other countries where we work, though, Pakistan is severely lacking in victim-friendly services, legal procedures that accommodate children and girl-centred support services. The government of Pakistan must take Malala’s case through the judicial system to show that not only is hers an exceptional case, but that all children are entitled to fullest enforcement and protection of the law. When one girl is violated, children throughout the community are traumatised by what they witness. This includes the other girls injured in Malala’s shooting, her classmates and girls across Pakistan who live with heightened fear that nowhere is safe and that society cannot protect them. We must send a clear message to girls by implementing properly functioning legal systems and gender-sensitive laws that deter violations against them as children and protect their girlhood in a world that sees them as women. *Names have been changed to protect the identity of children in these cases. The writer is the Global Director of Equality Now.


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Comment 11

Editor’s mail Send your letters to: Letters to Editor, Pakistan Today, 4-Shaarey Fatima Jinnah, Lahore, Pakistan. Fax: +92-42-36298302. E-mail: letters@pakistantoday.com.pk. Letters should be addressed to Pakistan Today exclusively.

new petitions Last two popular petitions were not very difficult to handle but this! Are we going to see breakup of another empire in our life time? Under the ‘We the People’ programme, White House is bound to respond to any petition with 25,000 or more signatures (anyone who is above 13 can file a petition). Earlier filed worth mentioning petitions are —- asking for White House beer recipe (which was provided), and legalisation of marijuana (which was obviously declined). But this time it’s bit tough. Are we going to see the same divide which resulted in American civil war? More than 20 petitions have been filed by around 100,000 Americans, 25,000 only from Texas, representing more than 20 states, to allow their states to secede from the US. Most of these states represent Republicans strongholds (though few from swing and blue-Democrat states as well). Petitioners are citing different reasons for the demand —- economic rundown, federal government mismanagement, blatant abuses of American rights, intrusive screening at air ports and few other interesting ones. Out of these reasons, a valid one could be the fragile state of economy and prevailing joblessness. But do the Republicans realize what they have done or have forced others to do in last ten years —wars in Afghanistan and Iraq have drained the economy. It erased the illusion about American supremacy on the world stage. They need to realize that the America’ future is not in the hands of its White population anymore, there are other groups —-blacks and Latinos who are now asserting themselves. They didn’t vote for Obama because he was coloured but they think his policies can make a change in their lives –increased taxation on super rich, reining in the corporate culture, healthcare for all, reasonable moves towards integration of deserving illegal migrants. The US constitution doesn’t permit secession of states from the Union; however, there is no harm in trying while sitting in one’s study with a laptop and net connection. Interesting days ahead. MASOOD KHAN Jubail, Saudi Arabia

Karachi: it’s time to act “There is no other thing that causes the extinction of a state or society earlier than does the unjustified bloodshed,” said Hazrat Ali. Of course, societies allowing the tyranny and atrocities are bound to disappear. All the political philosophers, from Plato and Aristotle to Thomas Hobbes and John Lock, are equally convinced that the basic purpose of a state is to provide security to its subjects. Explaining the origin of a state, the Social Contract theory contends that the individuals have surrendered their liberties to the state on the condition that the state, in return, will provide them the security of life. Likewise, provision of the security to its subjects is only function of Police State— a state which is considered the worst form among all kinds of state entities. So, provision of the security of life to its citizen is the fundamental duty of any state, failing this, state loses the raison d’être for its existence as the foundation of its very edifice is severely crumbled. If a state

Military ethics and morality Although sex in politics and extramarital flings are not unheard of in USA, things have changed since mid 80s.The process of reformation and strict adherence to code of ethics is essential for any state or institution to survive and flourish. Former NY Governor Eliot was forced to resign in 2008, when it was discovered that he was a regular visitor to a prostitute working in an escort service located in his state. Gary Hart a front runner for Democratic nomination in 1988 US presidential election, had to pull out when it was revealed that he spent a night with a woman who was not his wife on a luxury boat. No public office holder in USA has ever escaped accountability for financial irregularities, abuse of power and conflict of interest. One wonders when will our elected ruling elite, including paid civil and armed bureaucracy, submit themselves to accountability and assume the moral high ground expected of them, especially since our constitution mandates that all laws will be in conformity with Islamic laws and principles. The institutional and economic nightmare that Pakistan faces is a consequence of abuses of power by successive military juntas and political governments who failed to follow the vision of Quaid-e-Azam, who led this country by example. Those holding public office are expected to adhere to a more conservative moral and ethical code during their tenures. In the US military, adultery is not allowed for officer corps, during their tenure of service and is punishable with termination of service, dishonourable discharge without any benefits

doesn’t have a right to exist, then what justification a government may have to stay in power. The way some rogue and criminal elements are playing havoc with the lives of innocent people in Karachi is simply unparalleled and unprecedented in the contemporary world including war-torn Afghanistan and Iraq. Target killing, torture, extortion and kidnapping have become the order of the day here. Karachiites are being brutally slaughtered like senseless animals. It is an open secret, now, that all the so-called political stakeholders in the city have been either equal participator or silent spectator over these ruthless killings. That is absolutely regrettable. All the previous slogans by the successive governments of across-theboard operation have gone by the board. Instead of operation, they have just wrapped the bandages over the wounds of this “poor patient” with an aim of hiding rather than healing it .At this point of time, the task of keeping peace and stopping these killings is beyond

and even prison. While extramarital affairs are considered a private matter for ordinary American citizens and evidence of infidelity can only be used for divorce proceedings, there being no criminal penalty involved. In any system of governance, including democracy, the basic principle is that power comes with responsibility. Gen Petreaus, a four star general who commanded the US military in Iraq and Afghanistan, retired from active service and was appointed as head of CIA. As head of CIA, he was expected to behave in a more responsible manner and have moral authority to enjoy respect of the officers and staff that worked under him. Although this alleged extramarital affair is believed to have occurred after his retirement, its exposure resulted in his retirement. As head of CIA, he had access to confidential intelligence information which could impact American national interests. Any such display of succumbing to human temptations, such as an extramarital affair, or receiving other undue favours, financial or otherwise, can jeopardise position of public office holders who may subsequently be susceptible to blackmail etc. MALIK TARIQ ALI Illinois, USA

total chaos The “city of lights” is drowned in the darkness of fear and chaos due to target killings of the innocent its citizens. This brings the anarchic situation in the city which seems almost uncontrollable to our security forces. It also raises a question mark on the government and its strategies which it has made. Our hopeless police as usual plays hide and seek with the criminals and the law breakers. Even when the pillion rid-

the control of police and paramilitary forces. As the Karachi police have become both politicized and demoralized, therefore, they, alone, cannot establish the complete writ of the state here. If a superpower like America can take stern action by dismantling two whole countries in the world after being attacked, then why can we not act? It shouldn’t be forgotten that the casualties we have suffered in Karachi are far more than in the 9/11 incident in America. So, it has become mandatory that the state should act now by using its full security and coercive apparatus ignoring all political affiliations and compulsions. In addition to the police and rangers, Army’s help must also be sought to nip this evil in the bud. Only lip service would not suffice now. It’s time to act as road paved with only good intentions may lead us to the hell. MOHSIN RAZA MALIK Lahore

ing is banned, they roam freely on the streets, equipped with weapons without considering it as a crime. That is why apart from this voracious killing, snatching is also very common. Peace is a desire of every living being. But it looks dreary for the Karachiites May Allah make Karachi a happy place! MUHAMMAD WASIF KHAN Karachi

draconian measures needed The law and order situation in Karachi is deteriorating by the day with blind killings of all sorts of people that has prompted Mr Mustafa Kamal to cry out for prime minister to leave his mundane affairs to focus on Karachi. It appears the provincial govt has utterly failed to control the mayhem which needs draconian measures by the federal govt to save the lives of people. If harsh laws are needed to prosecute the culprits, these may be enacted like the summary military courts to give speedy punishments to hardened criminals that are running wild in the city like a jungle. Even if a single innocent person is killed it is like killing the entire humanity as per Islam. The situation ought to bring frown on the face of prime minister instead of smiles if he has any genuine concern to control the situation by all means. If the situation is allowed to drift, a Beirut like civil war would result decimating Karachi. The city is hub of industries and business for Pakistan and it cannot be allowed to drift and sink in public disorder of terrible nature. The federal govt must take requisite steps to stem the killing in the city. DR MUHAMMAD YAQOOB BHATTI Lahore

Army and judiciary This is apropos to the statements of General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani and Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry that appeared on the same day, 5 November, 2012. It was mere a coincidence that army chief and chief justice addressed their respective audience on the same day and contents of their statements were also released on the same day. However, it is ironic that some segments of print and electronic media resorted to manipulating the speeches to create sense of confrontation between the two prestigious national institutions. Nobody can deny the fact that conspiracy against Pakistan army is on so as to weaken Pakistan. Every now and then the conspirators continue to devise new modes and tactics to create a rift in army or between the masses and the army. The objective of these foreign backed conspirators has been to weaken an Islamic nuclear power state. The army chief had the moral responsibility to point out all such ill designs to the nation, which he did on November 5, 2012. On the other hand, in the address of the chief justice, there was no rejection of army or armed forces as an institution or undermining their roles. Rather he too was emphasising on the supremacy of constitution and the rule of law. The agenda to create fissure between army and judiciary is detrimental to spirit of nation harmony and smooth functioning of state. Therefore, instead of polluting the masses and provoking institutions against each other by giving misconstrued and sensationalism statements, media should play positive role instead of joining hands with the enemies of Pakistan. ANZA KANWAL Rawalpindi

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12 KeIrA KNIgHTleY: wait a minute, maybe I am anorexic?

Taylor Swift admits she doesn’t like to take charge in a relationship

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ITh a fair share of break-ups behind her, singer Taylor Swift says does not like to be in charge in a relationship. The Mean hitmaker insists that she is not the type of over-controlling girlfriend. “If I feel too much like I’m wearing the pants, I start to feel uncomfortable, and then we break up. It needs to be equal. If I feel too much like I’m wearing the pants, I start to feel uncomfortable, and then we break up,” she tells harper’s Bazaar magazine. “It’s wonderful to hand over the reins to your boyfriend when you control so much of these big, high-pressure decisions, you know? That is a huge defining factor in who you choose to be with.” neWs Desk

Nicole Kidman: Tom Cruise divorce was a ‘shock to my system’

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or Nicole Kidman the giddy highs of her relationship with Tom Cruise and the sting of their breakup remain major milestones in her life. “I fell madly, passionately in love,” Kidman, who was 23 when she married Cruise in 1990, tells DuJour magazine. “I was reeling with Tom. I would have gone to the ends of the earth for him.” Kidman, 45, says their 10-year union was happy, but the glare of media attention made them isolated. “We were in a bubble, just the two of us,” she says. “We became very dependent on one another.” Just before their split in 2000, Kidman says she believed “our life together was perfect,” and was surprised by their rapid breakup. “It took me a very long time to heal,” she reveals. “It was a shock to my system.” Still, the optimistic and resilient actress, who next up plays Princess Grace in Grace of Monaco, said that even then she hoped to find love again someday, though she wasn’t sure she ever would. of course, Kidman did get another shot at true love – with her current husband, country star Keith Urban, with whom she has two daughters. neWs Desk

Kristen Stewart-Robert Pattinson’s first red carpet appearance post-split

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W I l I G h T fans were in for a treat, as Kristen Stewart and robert Pattinson made their first public hollywood appearance together since the actress admitted to a “momentary indiscretion” with married director ruper Sanders, at the world premiere of Breaking Dawn - Part 2, at Nokia theatre in los Angeles. The 22-year-old actress trailed behind Pattinson, as the couple made their way to the front of the theatre, stopping to sign autographs for their thousands of fans, US magazine reported. Stewart donned a nude, strapless gown for the event, completing the look with her brunette hair swept to the side in cascading curls, while the 26year-old actor looked dapper in a dark-green suit and lavender shirt. At one point, the couple stopped to pose for a picture together, and Stewart affectionately rubbed Pattinson’s back. The Twilight couple have been making the rounds recently to promote the final instalment of the successful franchise but have been tight-lipped regarding the on-again status of their relationship. neWs Desk

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EIRA Knightley, the British actress currently starring in Joe Wright’s bigscreen adaptation of Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina, admits she almost convinced herself that she was anorexic after a media storm over her weight. Knightley spoke in-depth about the matter during an interview with Allure magazine, which she also covers for November. Despite regularly finding herself in the ‘most beautiful’ lists, the Oscar-nominated actress admits she isn’t entirely comfortable with her body and admitted that rumors concerning her thin figure hit her “pretty hard,” saying, “Because you go, oh, maybe that’s right! I knew I wasn’t anorexic, but maybe my body is somehow not right,” she said. “When you’re going through a period where you’re really getting a lot of criticism, you go, maybe all this is right!” After becoming tabloid fodder for years, Knightley is notoriously private about her relationships these days. She’s currently engaged to the Klaxons keyboardist James Righton though insists she’s a little stuck as to how she’s going to keep her wedding a secret from the media, “Maybe I’ll be permanently engaged!” she joked. The 27-year-old Londoner certainly doesn’t have to worry about her career, having become one of the most sought after leading ladies in Hollywood. Though reviews of Anna Karenina have been lukewarm, critics agree on Knightley’s assured performance. Richard Corliss of Time Magazine said “Knightley embodies Anna as a girlish woman who has never felt erotic love; once smitten, she is raised to heavenly ecstasy before tumbling into the abyss of shame.” Knighley recently completed filming Can a Song Save Your Life? a comedy drama about a dejected music business executive who forms a bond with a young singer-songwriter. Anna Karenina hits theaters in the U.S. on Friday (November 16, 2012). neWs Desk

Justin Bieber has second thoughts on breakup Confidenti@l has learned from multiple sources that Justin Bieber has made several gallant attempts to get back Selena Gomez, his girlfriend of two years prior to last weekend’s breakup. The pint-sized pop phenom “is having second thoughts” about splitting with the gorgeous Gomez, although it’s been widely reported that the 20-year-old Gomez pulled the plug. “He has been calling and texting her,” says a source, adding, “he’s been reaching out to her friends.”

After Gomez landed in New York City on Sunday and checked into the London Hotel in midtown, the boy wonder paid a visit to his brunette beauty. “He met her at her hotel so they could talk and he later asked her out to dinner,” adds the Gomez gabber. The source said Bieber wanted her to feel comfortable, so he invited friends to join them for dinner at Morandi in the West Village Sunday night. Although the Gomez insider says a reunion looks “promising” and that both sides are interested in working things out, Gomez isn’t giving in easily. After their low-profile dinner with Bieber, Gomez and a gaggle of gal-pals went to WIP — the same club where Chris Brown and Drake infamously came to blows last spring. Gomez “asked her friend to take her phone from her for the night when she got to the club,” says a second Gomez source. “She said she didn’t want to text [Bieber]. She danced and had fun and when she got her phone back at the end of the night, she rolled her eyes and showed her friends how many missed calls and texts she had from him.” neWs Desk

I lIKE CoMEdY: SAlMA HAYEK As a nurse in her new movie Here Comes the Boom, Salma Hayek shows both her nurturing and playful sides, says Will Lawrence. Academy Award nominee Salma Hayek has always had a playful streak. It stretches back to her childhood and her stint at a Catholic girls’ boarding school in Louisiana. She was a decent student, despite struggling with dyslexia – yet, she admits, “I had a moment or two, like every child does, when I told silly stories to my teachers. “But I didn’t do anything really bad,” continues the 46-year-old actress, who rose to stardom in the wake of her Oscar-nominated performance as Mexican painter Frida Kahlo in the 2002 biopic Frida. “They were really benign little things that you might do at a private boarding school where you have to entertain yourself and your peers.” It comes as no surprise, perhaps, that her favourite film as child was the impish Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory. “I look back fondly at that period of my life,” she recalls, “sometimes waking up in the middle of the night and making all the alarm clocks go off. We just did little things like that.” Can she see that mischievous spark in her own child, I wonder? Hayek’s daughter, Valentina, has just turned five years old. “Definitely I can see it,” beams the Desperado star. So how does she react? “It’s funny, I think I am a strict mum sometimes but also quite relaxed. “I am fun and I do a lot of things with my daughter,” she adds. “I talk to her and listen to her but I definitely set boundaries and I think my husband and I have a very good balance – sometimes he is easier and I am harder and sometimes vice versa.” Hayek, who was born and raised in an affluent area of Coatzacoalcos, Mexico, says that she was delighted but also surprised when she conceived

Valentina at the age of 40 without undergoing fertility treatment. Having a baby later in life, she says, has allowed her to raise her child in a more settled and contented environment. “It has been a very happy time,” she says, “and my husband is very sweet.” Her husband is also quite well off. In 2009, Hayek married French magnate François-Henri Pinault, whose father Forbes ranks at No 59 on its list of billionaires, estimating the Pinault family fortune at $13 billion as of March this year. Hayek, too, has plenty of business acumen, co-producing Frida before going on to produce her own directorial debut, TV movie The Maldonado Miracle, in 2003. Since 2006 she has been developing projects for ABC Studios that draw on Latin themes and talent, most notably serving as executive producer on the multi-award-winning series Ugly Betty, based on the Colombian series Yo Soy Betty, La Fea. She also guest-starred in seven episodes of the show in 2006 and returned

to primetime viewing in 2009 with a six-show turn on hit TV comedy 30 Rock. In addition, she recently lent her voice to the animated capers Puss In Boots and The Pirates! Band of Misfits. Since the birth of her child, it seems, Hayek is embracing comedy like never before. “I do love comedy,” she says, “and I particularly love improvising, but it is very hard to find the right people to spark with in that way.” She’s found a comedy muse in actor and producer Kevin James, however, who rose to fame on the back of the TV series The King of Queens, and with whom she starred in Adam Sandler’s bawdy 2010 ensemble Grown-Ups. “Kevin was living right next door to us on Grown Ups,” she remembers. “The two families, my husband, his wife, and our kids are the same age. I really found him to be quite an amazing man and we were very funny together off screen. “Later he said, ‘You will be in my next movie’, and he was true to his word. He called and said, ‘I am doing this film and I am writing you a part. Are you still up for it?’ and I said, ‘Absolutely.’” In fact, Hayek was so up for it, she said yes before she had read the script. As it transpired, she had signed up for Here Comes the Boom, which tells the tale of a biology teacher and former college wrestler (James) who bids to raise money for his failing high school by moonlighting as a mixed martial arts fighter. Everyone thinks he is crazy, most of all the school nurse (Hayek), but as Scott endures his painful journey, the school (along with Hayek’s nurse) rallies behind him. neWs Desk


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SRK, SAlMAn, AAMIR come together for Jab Tak Hai Jaan premiere

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AB Tak Hai Jaan is a special film for many reasons. It’s Yash Chopra’s last directorial canvas. SRK will likely regain his lost numero uno status in the industry. But interestingly, does the film mark an end to the infamous Khan war? The Khan triumvirate - Salman, Shah Rukh and Aamir- was present under one roof. Amitabh Bachchan (@SrBachchan) posted on Twitter on November 13: “T 930 - Danced my shoes off with all the youngsters .. an amazing evening... spending time with Salman, Aamir, Shahrukh, Katrina and Anushka.” It’s a well-known fact that Rani Mukerji called all the shots for premiere’s guest list. Salman Khan had many reasons to come- he is Rani’s good friend, he is the film’s lead Katrina’s ex and has acted in YRF production Ek Tha Tiger. Aamir Khan, too, will be seen in YRF film, Dhoom 3 and is starring with Rani in Talaash. So the Khan war might not be over, but ‘Yash Chopra’ certainly overshadowed the bitterness amongst the actors. Not just the Khans, all the leading ladies of Yash Chopra films were also present to pay tribute to the legendary filmmaker. neWs Desk

Kevin Spacey wants to be a Bond villain

LOS ANGELES: Lea Michelle bounces on stage for the Tonight Show with Jay Leno. AgeNCIeS

Kevin Spacey wants to re-team with his American Beauty director Sam Mendes for a 007 mission as the actor is convinced he would make the perfect BOND villain. Spacey and Mendes both won Oscars - for Best Actor and Best Director respectively - for their work on the 1999 movie and the filmmaker has gone on to join the Bond franchise by directing Daniel Craig and Javier Bardem in Skyfall. The actor now hopes he will be given a job if his pal is asked to take charge of a second Bond film following Skyfall’s huge box office success. He tells The Evening Standard, “I would hope the Broccolis (Bond producers) agree and that Sam is going to do the next one. That would be a lot of fun. I adore him. I had some of the most seminal experiences of my career with him, both a decade ago with American Beauty and last year with Richard III (at the Old Vic theatre). “It would be sublime to work with him again. It doesn’t surprise me he has had such a big success with Bond.” neWs Desk

Bradley Cooper mines Philly childhood in ‘Silver linings’ Bradley Cooper may be best known for his role in the hugely successful comedy franchise “The Hangover,” but the American actor is gaining positive reviews for his role as a bipolar former teacher in “Silver Linings Playbook.” In the film, which will be released on Friday and won the People’s Choice Award at the Toronto International Film Festival, Cooper plays Pat Solitano, who has just been released from a mental institution and is trying to put his life back together. Directed by David O. Russell and based on the novel by Matthew Quick, “Silver Linings” sees Cooper’s character move back home with his parents, played by Robert DeNiro and Jacki Weaver, with hopes of reconciling with his exwife. Things get complicated when an abrasive widow, actress Jennifer Lawrence, enters the picture. Cooper, who is shooting a third installment of the “Hangover” films, spoke to Reuters about his role, why it

is unlike anything he has done and what he thinks of all the Oscar talk. Q: YOu WERE BORN AND RAISED IN PHILADELPHIA. DID YOu uSE YOuR CHILDHOOD ExPERIENCES gROWINg uP THERE TO CREATE THE CHARACTER? A: I upped the Philadelphia accent a little bit. Everything about it is where I come from. So yeah, I was able to mine what I’d grown up with. For example, Lenny Roberts was a guy in high school that dressed like the way we decided Pat would dress like. And my grandfather had an art deco face of Christ on a necklace, which we made Pat wear. Q: IS THIS THE fIRST TIME YOu’vE PLAYED A CHARACTER fROM YOuR HOME STATE? A: It’s funny because when I was doing the role I thought, I don’t know how I’m going to be able to pull this off. We were shooting one day and my mother was (visiting the set). We had just shot a really demented scene and she said, “Oh my God, Bradley, it’s like you’re not even acting!” I thought, “What do you mean, that Pat Solitano is me?” Q: THE fILM DEALS WITH MENTAL ILLNESS, YET THERE ARE A LOT Of LAugH-OuT-LOuD MOMENTS. WAS IT A fINE LINE STRADDLINg THE TWO? A: Well, any traumatic event that’s happened in my life was riddled with comedic circumstances, from my father’s death (in 2011) and everything. Any great tragedy has a lot of humor in it. So it wasn’t that hard, really. If you play it real, comedy will come, especially if you’re playing extreme situations with an extreme character, but playing it real. Q: YOu’RE PRIMARILY KNOWN fOR YOuR WORK IN COMEDIES LIKE “THE HANgOvER” fRANCHISE AND ACTION fILMS LIKE “LIMITLESS.” IS THIS ROLE uNLIKE ANYTHINg YOu’vE PORTRAYED BEfORE?

A: On film, for sure. No question about it. This character has to go from A to Z in the emotional landscape, which is heaven for an actor. I’ve never been able to do these kinds of things on film, so it was a huge opportunity. Q: WHAT KINDS Of THINgS ARE YOu REfERRINg TO? A: To play a character that’s telling the viewer the story - right there that’s an honor to be able to take on that responsibility. Secondly, to play a character who is emotionally colorful and dynamic. Pat Solitano has no filter, for example. To get under that skin, to play somebody who has a trigger and can create an emotional response outside the box, that’s very gratifying. Because you get to explore a lot of things in yourself with your imagination that you never get - that I don’t normally get to do. Q: DO YOu fEEL TYPECAST BY HOLLYWOOD AS A PARTICuLAR TYPE Of ACTOR THAT ONLY DOES CERTAIN gENRES? A: I don’t feel that. I do theater so I’ve always felt fulfilled in the acting jobs I’ve gotten. But perhaps I was naive to the fact that maybe people did think I just do one thing. Since doing this movie, people are like, “Oh, he actually is an actor,” and not just think I show up to the “Hangover” set and that it’s not a character.” Q: YOuR PERfORMANCE CERTAINLY IS MAKINg PEOPLE STAND uP AND TAKE NOTICE, AND THERE HAS BEEN SOME EARLY OSCAR Buzz. ARE YOu fEELINg THAT ExCITEMENT AROuND YOu? A: I don’t. What I feel is excitement and hope that people go out and see this film and love it. I really hope the movie lives. That’s all I think about. In terms of all that Oscar stuff, honestly that would be absolutely insane. I very much doubt that it would happen. But it would be insane. neWs Desk

Madonna performs ‘Gangnam Style’ with Psy Madonna performed ‘Gangnam Style’ with Psy at a concert last night (November 13). The singer was joined by the Korean star during her show at New York’s Madison Square Gardens. Madonna said: “Because you’ve been working so hard on smashing your egos I have a little surprise for you. “A song I haven’t sung for a while. You’re gonna have to help me out with everything. I’m tired, I’ve been doing this for a year!” She then mashed up her own song ‘Give it 2 Me’ with ‘Gangnam Style’, before Psy entered the stage for the track’s famous dance routine. The US leg of Madonna’s ‘MDNA’ tour wraps up later this month. neWs Desk

Rolling Stones greatest hits album‘Grrr!’ brings no ‘doom and Gloom’to ears

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oCK ‘n’ roll legends the rolling Stones released its 60th album Tuesday, and it is no let down. The group is celebrating 50 years together, and to commemorate the milestone it released “Grrr!,” a greatest hits album with two newly recorded tracks, “Doom and Gloom” and “one More Shot.” The new songs are two of the better songs that the group has released in quite some time. “Doom and Gloom” has a classic rolling Stones feel to it, and Mick Jagger and guitarist Keith richards sound great on the track, especially for men of their ages, 69 and 68, respectively. “one More Shot” sounds more like many of the band’s hits from the 1980s with more of an upbeat sound. “Grrr!” is offered in five different versions, some of which include 50 tracks to commemorate 50 years, and a special edition that offers 80 tracks. All four versions start out with “Come on,” the band’s first hit single from 1963, which was actually a cover of a Chuck Berry song. The 50-track versions of “Grrr!” then move through the band’s career before ending with the two new tracks. neWs Desk

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Infotainment 14

Human intelligence declining?

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S the human species doomed to intellectual decline? Will our intelligence ebb away in centuries to come leaving our descendants incapable of using the technology their ancestors invented? In short: will Homo be left without his sapiens? This is the controversial hypothesis of a leading geneticist who believes that the immense capacity of the human brain to learn new tricks is under attack from an array of genetic mutations that have accumulated since people started living in cities a few thousand years ago. Professor Gerald Crabtree, who heads a genetics laboratory at Stanford University in California, has put forward the iconoclastic idea that rather than getting cleverer, human intelligence peaked several thousand years ago and from then on there has been a slow decline in our intellectual and emotional abilities. Although we are now surrounded by the technological and medical benefits of a scientific revolution, these have masked an underlying decline in brain power which is set to continue into the future leading to the ultimate dumbing-down of the human species, Professor Crabtree said. His argument is based on the fact that for

more than 99 per cent of human evolutionary history, we have lived as hunter-gatherer communities surviving on our wits, leading to big-brained humans. Since the invention of agriculture and cities, however, natural selection on our intellect has effective stopped and mutations have accumulated in the critical “intelligence” genes. “I would wager that if an average citizen from Athens of 1000BC were to appear suddenly among us, he or she would be among the brightest and most intellectually alive of our colleagues and companions, with a good memory, a broad range of ideas and a clear-sighted view of important issues,” Professor Crabtree says in a provocative paper published in the journal Trends in Genetics. “Furthermore, I would guess that he or she would be among the most emotionally stable of our friends and colleagues. I would also make this wager for the ancient inhabitants of Africa, Asia, India or the Americas, of perhaps 2,000 to 6,000 years ago,” Professor Crabtree says. “The basis for my wager comes from new developments in genetics, anthropology, and neurobiology that make a clear prediction that our intellectual and emotional abilities are genetically

Vegetative Canadian man ‘tells’ researchers he’s not in pain A Canadian man presumed to be in a permanent vegetative state for more than a decade is “talking” to researchers and answering their questions. Severely brain injured in a traffic crash 12 years ago, Scott Routley’s condition had been officially classified “vegetative state,” unable to communicate with the outside world. His family has always believed differently. Now, high-tech brain imaging appears to have proven them right. With the help of functional MRI, Routley has been able to answer “No” to the question, “Are you in pain?” The finding, first reported Tuesday by the BBC, could have profound implications for helping those locked in a vegetative state. “Brain imaging techniques are helping us to understand more about what some of these patients can and can’t do, particularly things they can do that might not be apparent from standard clinical examination,” said Adrian Owen of the University of Western Ontario’s Centre for Brain and Mind. The British neuroscientist moved to Canada last year from the University of Cambridge. “His official clinical condition has been that he was in a vegetative state. But his family have always maintained that there is more going on with Scott — that he is aware of many things going on around him, and even that he was able to communicate,” Owen said in an interview with Postmedia News. “That’s one reason why our results are very interesting — in many ways they confirm what the family has known for many years.” A vegetative state is often referred to as being in a state of wakefulness without awareness, Owen said. But, “there is an enormously high misdiagnosis rate in this population, it’s more than 40 per cent.” That’s because it’s often difficult to spot subtle signs of consciousness. “These patients do move, they’ll often spontaneously move,” Owen said. They often grunt; they will open their eyes or move their hand. The problem is knowing, “Is that a conscious response, or

was it just chance?” Owen said. “They do look around the room but they don’t seem to focus on anything in particular. But what if they do for a few fleeting seconds? Does that mean something, or does it mean nothing?’ “We’re not saying anybody has made any mistakes here,” Owen stressed. “It’s enormously difficult to know what is going on inside the minds of these patients,” he said, “because behaviour is very complicated in these patients.” With brain imaging, Owen’s team has taken behaviour out of the equation. “Instead of trying to work out what’s going on in their brains from what they can do, we just measure their brain activity directly and try to conclude how conscious they are, and whether they can answer questions, by directly measuring brain activity.” Patients are put inside the brain scanner and asked to imagine two scenarios: playing a game of tennis, or walking around their homes. Experiments in healthy people have shown different areas of the brain light up when they imagine doing these tasks, said Damian Cruse, a post-doctoral fellow at Western working in Owen’s lab. Patients are asked a series of “yes” or “no” questions, and instructed to imagine playing tennis if they want to respond “yes”, or walking around their house for “no.” In past experiments, vegetative patients have been asked simple questions, Cruse said. “Do you have brothers or sisters? Is your father’s name Alex?” neWs Desk

surprisingly fragile,” he says. A comparison of the genomes of parents and children has revealed that on average there are between 25 and 65 new mutations occurring in the DNA of each generation. Professor Crabtree says that this analysis predicts about 5,000 new mutations in the past 120 generations, which covers a span of about 3,000 years. Some of these mutations, he suggests, will occur within the 2,000 to 5,000 genes that are involved in human intellectual ability, for instance by building and mapping the billions of nerve cells of the brain or producing the dozens of chemical neurotransmitters that control the junctions between these brain cells. Life as a hunter-gatherer was probably more intellectually demanding than widely supposed, he says. “A hunter-gatherer who did not correctly conceive a solution to providing food or shelter probably died, along with his or her progeny, whereas a modern Wall Street executive that made a similar conceptual mistake would receive a substantial bonus and be a more attractive mate,” Professor Crabtree says. However, other scientists remain sceptical. “At first sight this is a classic case of Arts Faculty science. Never mind the hypothesis, give me the data, and there aren’t any,” said Professor Steve Jones, a geneticist at University College London. “I could just as well argue that mutations have reduced our aggression, our depression and our penis length but no journal would publish that. Why do they publish this?” Professor Jones said. “I am an advocate of Gradgrind science – facts, facts and more facts; but we need ideas too, and this is an ideas paper although I have no idea how the idea could be tested,” he said.

Man uses GPS to catch wife having an affair with student

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suspicious husband used the GPS capability on his wife’s cellphone to find the 38-year-old teacher having an affair with a 16-year-old boy. Amie Neely now faces a felony sexual assault charge after being arrested by Port St. Lucie, Fla. police early Sunday morning, according to TC Palm. WPBF reports that the boy was an exchange student living with Neely and her husband at the time of the alleged assault. There is also another exchange student still taking up residence there, according to the station. There is no indication that Neely, who teaches at Community Christian Academy, ever taught the student she's accused of assaulting. The boy told cops he drove Neely to an area near St. Lucie West Centennial High School. He said he got in the back seat with Neely and, as the two were having sex, the teacher's husband walked up to the car and discovered them. neWs Desk

THE DESCENT Of MAN HuNTER-gATHERER MAN: The human brain and its immense capacity for knowledge evolved during this long period of prehistory when we battled against the elements ATHENIAN MAN: The invention of agriculture less than 10,000 years ago and the subsequent rise of cities such as Athens relaxed the intensive natural selection of our “intelligence genes”. COuCH-POTATO MAN: As genetic mutations increase over future generations, are we doomed to watching soap-opera repeats without knowing how to use the TV remote control? IPAD MAN: The fruits of science and technology enabled humans to rise above the constraints of nature and cushioned our fragile intellect from genetic mutations. neWs Desk

woman runs over husband over fear of obamacare

A wife furious at her husband for not voting, ran him over in a Gilbert, Ariz. parking lot, according to police. The East Valley Tribune reports that, on Saturday night, Holly Solomon, 28, was arguing with her husband over his lack of voter participation when, witnesses said, they heard yelling and saw Solomon get into a Jeep and allegedly chase her husband through the parking lot. MyFox Phoenix reports that the argument was fueled by Solomon's fear and hatred of the Affordable Care Act, commonly called Obamacare. Solomon's husband first tried to hide behind a light pole, but Solomon drove around it while yelling at him, a Gilbert Police report said. When the husband tried to flee, Solomon drove after him, eventually hitting him and pinning him between the SUV and the curb, cops said. ABC 15 reports that Solomon's husband was taken to a local hospital where he is in critical condition. Solomon was charged with domestic violence and aggravated assault. neWs Desk

Australians treated to rare full solar eclipse

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rare full solar eclipse plunged north Queensland into darkness for two minutes early on Wednesday, delighting the thousands of people who had gathered on the Australian state's beaches. In Cairns, the main city in north Queensland and a gateway to the Great Barrier Reef, cloudy skies and occasional rain partly obscured the view, but elsewhere viewing conditions were more favourable. North Queensland's tourism body and NASA provided a live stream of the eclipse, which was expected to give a A$75 million boost to the region's tourism industry with many people travelling from around the country and overseas to catch the best view of the celestial show. Authorities warned spectators to wear safety goggles, noting the sun remains incredibly powerful even when hidden behind the moon. While north Queensland was treated to a full eclipse at around 6.39 am local time (2039 GMT Tuesday), a partial eclipse was visible in other parts of Australia, New Zealand, Chile and Antarctica. neWs Desk

Mice could replace dogs to sniff out explosives, drugs

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ICE could soon replace dogs to sniff out bombs, explosives, drugs and even suicide bombers. An Israeli security company has now trained rodents to tip off guards when they detect explosives, drugs and other contrabands, virtually turning them into biological sensors. The security firm called 'Tamar Group' is the brainchild of former Israeli special forces officers, who claim that their breakthrough could transform the homeland security market. Boaz Hayun, CEO of the group, was quoted by Daily Mail as saying that mice were eventually chosen over dogs because of their keen noses and diminutive size. "Our system takes animals and turns them into biological sensors, using specially-trained laboratory mice and measuring their reactions to outside stimuli. "They are placed at the entry point in a security checkpoint or installation, and when they detect something that appears suspicious, the sensor records their physical reactions and communicates it to a computer that analyses the data and alerts the security personnel," he said. neWs Desk

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Thursday, 15 november, 2012

Courts have made defence the new attack: federer Page 17

Australia's intimidation tactics 'humorous': Amla BrISBANE

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Agencies

N the aftermath of the Brisbane Test, Hashim Amla made light of the Australian attitude of aggression, calling it "quite humorous," and brushed aside any suggestion of being intimidated. Michael Clarke's men brought out their mean side on the final afternoon as they went in search of nine South African wickets in two and half sessions and managed to finish with five. In the most intense passage of play of an otherwise slow Test, Australia's attack threw everything at the South African top order after Clarke declared 115 runs ahead. In addition to short balls and movement off the seam they also had a lot to say - particularly to Graeme Smith and Amla. Amla played on against James Pattinson but was not out because the fast bowler had overstepped - the fourth instance of a no-ball wicket in the match. Later in his innings, Peter Siddle thought he had Amla caught behind. A desperate appeal followed with help from David Warner at short midwicket but Amla said he was certain he had not made contact. "I actually found it quite humorous. Obviously the guys were a bit pumped up thinking I had nicked the ball. I guess it is a bit funny when guys get emotional when there is no real need to," Amla said. "But it's part of the game. I found it quite funny and just enjoyed the moment. It was a nice patch of play for cricket." Amla

Ashwin has enough variations to fox batsmen: dhoni AHMEDABAD

was out shortly after when he handed Michael Hussey a catch at short cover. Smith was also dismissed following a period of high drama. Post-lunch, Pattinson launched a verbal tirade on Smith for pulling away when a bird entered his line of sight when Pattinson was in his delivery stride. Smith waved him away and then faced a series of bouncers before edging a fuller ball to gully. However, the South African captain also gave no credence to Australia's way with words. "There was a lot of noise out there but I couldn't really make out what was being said," Smith said, dismissively. "It was the same as any other game." Tensions ran high despite the match petering out to a draw. Michael Clarke would have wanted exactly that as he asked his bowlers to try and cause an almighty collapse and he was pleased with the outcome. "I think the aggression and the intent is the way we play our best cricket and I certainly don't want to stop that," he said. "But we understand there's a line and you can go to the line but you can't overstep it." Australia's oral traditions in the game have long been the source of a South African undoing. To this day Daryll Cullinan refuses to talk about his experiences in facing Shane Warne and the legend of Steve Waugh telling Herschelle Gibbs he had "dropped the World Cup," after he spilt a catch in the 1999 World Cup lives on despite it being fiction. While the art of sledging is nothing new, the tactics employed in the Brisbane

Test may sound suspiciously close to the 'dossier' which made headlines in the lead up. Both coach Mickey Arthur and Clarke denied the existence of the document and said some of the information contained in it was never discussed by the team. Although they did not go into the specifics, it was thought that one of those would be to sledge Amla. It was a surprising strategy because Amla is known for his calm demeanor and difficult to rough up. It was also seen as fairly defeatist and made it seem as though Australia had no other ideas to stop Amla from scoring. In the first innings, that may have been true. Despite nervous strokes and a number of edges, Amla notched up another Test ton. As Australia went for the win, though, they bowled far tighter lines, had better control over their length and even a player of Amla's quality struggled. While Clarke believes that achievement will give Australia momentum and the mental edge going into Adelaide, Smith was not convinced. "I think a draw was a reflection of both teams." Amla was also not ready to heap praise on Australia's bowling determination and said that while their attack is very good, "in my opinion, the South African attack is the best in the world." He also used it as an opportunity to punt his own part-time offspin as he followed up with a joke on what to expect in the second Test. "I was really disappointed when Graeme took me out of the attack after just two overs but he said he is resting me for the next Test."

Bangladesh swift in reply to West Indies's 527

Agencies

India do not boast a mystery spinner like Pakistan's Saeed Ajmal but off-spinner Ravichandran Ashwin's variations make him quite a handful, team captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni said on Wednesday. The onus will be on India's slow bowlers to exploit England's weakness against spin on bouncing and turning wickets at home in the four-test series starting on Thursday. Ajmal was the leading wicket-taker with 24 scalps from three tests when Pakistan blanked England 3-0 in the United Arab Emirates at the beginning of the year. Ashwin has replaced veteran Harbhajan Singh as India's spin spearhead and has been the man of the series in their last two series at home against West Indies and New Zealand. "I feel they are different bowlers. It's a bit unfair to compare two individuals," Dhoni said on the eve of the first test in Ahmedabad. "Ajmal has got a brilliant doosra and generates a lot of pace when it comes to the ball that goes away from a righthanded batsman. He's quite special. "But Ashwin also has got variations, he has got different deliveries. He can almost bowl each and every delivery that anyone can bowl. He's got the flipper, he bowls leg spin, off-spin, the carom ball. "The majority of his deliveries are still off-spin. I think it's important for him to concentrate on his stock delivery and use the variations as variations." Ashwin, 26, has forged a strong partnership with left-arm spinner Ojha, the duo sharing 73 wickets in the five tests they have played together, and England's chances in the four-test series will depend on how they handle the duo. "They understand each other really well, something that's very important," Dhoni said. "If it's not turning then Ojha is someone who can keep it tight. Ashwin will always be the more aggressive bowler. "The best part is if there is something for them (in the wicket) they make sure they come into the game."

DHAKA esPncRicinFO

At one end was Shivnarine Chanderpaul, who took seven-and-a-half hours to make his second Test double hundred. At the other end was Tamim Iqbal, who hit so many boundaries in his 72 that he turned the single into an event. In the end, Bangladesh were halfway towards the follow-on mark, at the cost of their top order. West Indies didn't lose a wicket in two sessions today, with Denesh Ramdin making a hundred and putting on 296 with Chanderpaul. After Darren Sammy declared with Chanderpaul having equalled his highest Test score, West Indies did lose their bearings for a bit, though, as Tamim, along with Shahriar Nafees briefly, entertained the sparse crowd with a thrill-a-minute show of unrestrained hitting. Bangladesh tend to regularly indulge in such shows, but they generally prove to be self-consuming in Test cricket. Tamim and Nafees both fell to urges to manufacture outrageous

strokes, and it was down to Naeem Islam and Shakib Al Hasan to shut down the thrill store for the evening. Tamim's first boundary was fortuitous, when a lifter from Ravi Rampaul took the edge and flew over the slip cordon. A similar, and better targeted, snorter soon consumed Junaid Siddique. Then began the Tamim-andNafees display. It barely lasted eight overs, fetched Bangladesh 63 runs, 52 of which came in boundaries. The highlight was Tamim's assault on Tino Best, who was punched, pulled and driven for four fours in an over. The suicidal moments arrived soon enough. After hitting seven fours in his 31, Nafees flailed at one too close to him, and was caught behind off Rampaul. Tamim carried on a while longer and hit Sunil Narine for two sixes in three deliveries before somehow managing to tennis-forehand a short and wide Sammy delivery to short mid-on. The frenzied action was in stark contrast to the calm manner in which Chanderpaul and Ramdin took West Indies to an imposing score. They bat-

ted nearly three sessions, and their near-triple century stand came at a healthy rate of 3.57 runs an over. SMART STATS: Shivnarine Chanderpaul's double-century is his second in Tests and the 20th by a West Indian batsman in away Tests. Brian Lara holds the record for the most away double-centuries by a West Indian batsman (5). For the second time against Bangladesh and the 18th time overall, three centuries were scored in a single innings for West Indies. The previous such occasion came against England in Trinidad in 2009. The 296-run stand between Chanderpaul and Denesh Ramdin is the second-highest fifth-wicket stand for West Indies. The highest is 322 between Lara and Jimmy Adams in Jamaica in 1999. The 296-run stand is the sixthhighest in Tests against Bangladesh and and the highest partnership for West Indies in Bangladesh. Ramdin's century is his third in Tests and his second this year after the 107 in Edgbaston. Among West Indian wicketkeepers, only Jeff Dujon has scored more centuries (5). Chanderpaul, troubled a few times in the morning by the quicks, but otherwise in control, kept leaving offerings outside off stump, but still managed to outscore Ramdin. Chanderpaul hit fewer boundaries on the day than Ramdin, and went about his job unobtrusively as usual. Singles were picked regularly, deliveries were worked from off through midwicket, and he did enough to let Bangladesh know who was in charge. What stood about Ramdin's innings was his desire to bat long - he was at the crease for five-and-a-half hours. He did loft the spinners for a few boundaries after getting to his second Test hundred of the year but before that, he had gone through several periods of denial, refusing to go after innocuous stuff from the tiring spinners.

Cricket helped me beat cancer, says yuvraj Singh NEWSDESK Not many elite sportsmen struck down in their prime by cancer recover sufficiently to return to the highest level, but Yuvraj Singh is one of them, rejoining India's Test team just eight months after finishing his treatment in the United States. It is an incredible story. Eighteen months ago Yuvraj's life was about as good as it gets even in the glittering world of Indian cricket. Player of the tournament in the 2011 World Cup, a trophy India won at home in front of its adoring fans, and with Bollywood starlets queuing to be squired by him, he appeared to have it all and then some, all before the age of 30. Then cancer struck and that world came crashing down to be replaced by one where even fundamental things like drinking and breathing could not be taken for granted as he embarked upon the rough, uncertain road of recovery. "There was a time where I couldn't drink a basic thing like water," Yuvraj said. "For almost three months during my chemo I couldn't drink water. My body used to crave it and the moment I used to drink it I would throw up. So coming back from there I know the value of small things like breathing with both the lungs, because for a very long time I didn't do that."Being talented at cricket can prepare you for many of life's trials but this was on a primal level with survival at stake. When that happens, old perspectives cannot hope to remain in place as pain signifies both good and bad. "It was really tough," Yuvraj said. "After getting the World Cup man of the series I was really confident of taking the next step in my career. But then life had something else stored for me. When you hear the word cancer for the first time you really get scared. Cancer. It is like a death sentence. You become really unsure where your life will take you. "Obviously, it started with a state of panic, though I was more concerned about my family, my mother and my friends as I could see how this affected them. So I had to stop the panic and take control of the situation.


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Sports 16 PuNjAB INTerNATIONAl SPOrTS FeSTIvAl

Pakistan medals tally rises to a dozen with touch ball win LAHOrE sTAFF RePORT

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AKISTAN on W e d n e s d a y raised the gold medals tally to 12 after its touchball team won the final here at the University of Lahore. Pakistan downed Sri Lanka 5-4 in a closely-contested title match to land with the 12th gold medal for the country. Pakistan has won one gold medal each in fistball, baseball and now in touchball (male and female) while the ju-jitsu players grabbed eight gold medals in the Punjab International Sports Festival. The win that earned Pakistan its 12th gold medal saw the men in green fight for every point facing tough resistance from their opponents Sri Lanka in the final of touch ball. Rao Altaf Hussain, senior

vice president Pakistan Touchball Federation and DIG Motorways, was the chief guest and distributed the medals among the winners and other participants. Pakistan players took lead through Shahbaz while Sirth Midugala leveled it in the very next move. But Amjad Waseem with two back to back points provided Pakistan an upper hand. However in a tit for tat move, Sri Lanka’s Akram Riffah managed a point but Pakistan remained in the lead. Mazhar Iqbal of Pakistan extended the lead and the reduction in the score came from Sri Lank’s Dilshan. Ramzan with a fighting point leveled the score 4-all. But it was Mohammad Aslam who came up with the winner for Pakistan that provided the home team gold medal. The International Festival 2012 on its day of conclusion would see Serbia and

Yemen teams clash for football title here at 7 pm at the Punjab Stadium on today (Thursday). But on Wednesday’s last league match, Punjab Whites in a surprise move was held by Mongolia to a one-all draw to get one point each in their standing. However, their drawn game did not have any bearing on the prospects of finalists but the performance of the Punjab team was a great boost for the players of the country. Rizwan Safdar provided the Punjab Whites team a leade in the 29th minute of the match and despite great efforts the score remained 1-0 by the end of first session. However, in the 70 minute, Mongolia’s Ankhtoor brought the equalizer. After that leveler both the team went into defensive and settled for a one-all draw instead of trying to get a win.

Pak hockey team named, chief coach eyes 4th place

LAHOrE sTAFF RePORT

The Pakistan Hockey Federation here on Wednesday announced the national team for Champions Trophy. The PHF has added two new faces in Kashif Ahmed and Mohammad Atiq and the team management is hoping to improve Pakistan’s ranking by putting up a good show in 8-nation event being played from December 2 in Melbourne. “It is the most suitable combination selected from the 27 camp probables and we have included two un-capped players keeping in view our preparations for 2014 World Cup,” said Chief coach and manager of the team, Akhtar Rasool Chaudhary while addressing a news conference to anno0unce the 18-member squad . He said Kashif will strengthen the forward line and Atiq will reinforce the defence as a full back. The team management has appointed full back Mohammad Imran as the captain of the team which also has the services of veteran defender, Wasim Ahmed who was also part of the teams during this summer’s Olympics in London. “We have selected the team purely on merit and we seek God’s help for improving its performance during two hockey assignments in Australia,” he added. Prior to its participation the team will also play in 9-aside hockey tournament commencing from November 22. The team official said the participation in champions trophy is very significant in order to improve its ranking .” We will be going all out to produce a better show to improve from our number seventh ranking to number four or five and if we do so it will be a big accomplishment “,he asserted. Akhtar Rasool said the team management is under heavy load of responsibility as it is also performing the duties of the selection committee. “ Our aim is to inspire the team to a level to struck its peak during the

Champions trophy and to improve its ranking “,he said adding “ the task is tough amid presence of world’s best eight teams but achievable as Pak team is full of talent and potential.” “We will be playing Australia in two important tournaments after Olympics and we will be aiming to blend the team into a combination capable of producing good results and we have set some certain goals which includes bringing improvement in team’s present ranking.” Team coach, Hanif Khan said the team management could not bring whole sale changes in the team due to shortage of time after its participation in Olympics in August last. “The team management is striving for bringing overall improvement and we have brought in two new players and after the tour of Australia we will be working on our plans to make changes in the side focusing on our future needs,” he said. “Before taking up coaching of the team I was a selector and I think both the jobs have greater responsibility and I will be doing my best to do justice in the role of a coach.” he said. He blamed lack of clubs activities for the overall downfall of hockey in Pakistan and said clubs have almost vanished from the hockey scene and those which exist are making lesser efforts to strengthen the base of the game at grass root level. the team: goAlKeePerS: imran Shah & imran butt full bACKS: Muhammad imran (Capt), Muhammad Ateeq & Syed Kashif Shah. HAlVeS: waseem Ahmad, Muhammad tousiq, fareed Ahmed, rashid Mahmood & Muhammad rizwan Junior. forwArdS: Muhammad waqas (Vice-Capt), Shafqat rasool, M. umar bhutta, Abdul Haseem Khan, Shakeel Abbasi, Muhammad Kashif Ali, Muhammad rizwan Senior & Ali Shan. teAM offiCiAlS: Akhtar rasool Chaudhary, Manager/Head Coach, Mr. Abdul Hanif Khan, Coach, M/s. Ajmal Khan lodhi & Ahmed Alam, Asst. Coaches, Mr. faiz-ur-rahman/Physiotherapist and Mr. nadeem Khan lodhi/Video-Analyst.

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17 Sports Hearn uncertain on Kell brook and Amir Khan fight

SHeffield: Kell brook traing in a gym for a possible fight with Amir Khan early next year.

NEWSDESK Kell Brook's promoter Eddie Hearn says a possible fight with Amir Khan would have to be on Brook's terms. Brook, 26, is expected to face Devon Alexander for the IBF welterweight title in America on 19 January. Hearn told BBC Radio Sheffield: "He's coming off back-to-back losses, he has no belt and he doesn't really bring that much to the table. "If Amir Khan wants to fight for the title when we've won it then that'll be on our terms." Tale of the tape Khan, who lost to Danny Garcia in July, is set to take on American fighter Carlos Molina in Los Angeles on 15 December. Brook defeated Argentinian Hector Saldivia in October to stretch his unbeaten run to 29. After the fight Brook said: "I would love to take Khan's chin clean off and everyone knows I want to destroy Khan." Hearn is confident the Sheffield fighter can get the better of Alexander, who has a record of one defeat from 25 bouts. "Devon Alexander is very skilful and quite tricky. He's a bit of a spoiler and a counter puncher. He's not the biggest puncher in the world but he is technically very gifted and he's only 25," he continued. "Kell needs to go in there and put it on him with a new level of intensity. He needs to go in there and stop him and I think he can do that.

world Cup host brazil struggles to fill stadiums SAO PAULO Agencies

In the nation that will host the next World Cup, however, fewer people go to see professional soccer matches than in China or the United States. With attendances falling further this year, Brazilian clubs are using different strategies to try to fill their grounds but they are hampered by antiquated stadiums, a lack of respect for fans, television stations that show every game live and insufficient policing and security. In Brazil, just about everyone has a team and an opinion, but few actually go to support their side. "Lots of people confuse the phenomenon of the World Cup in Brazil with a true love of the game," said Juca Kfouri, one of Brazil's best-known sports writers. "Brazil is not a country where people love football. It is a country where people love to party around the World Cup." That assertion got factual backing from two recent reports on attendances. One, by the Stochos consultancy, showed the average crowd at Brazilian first division matches has fallen eight percent this season to less than 13,000. While big clubs such as Sao Paulo and Corinthians regularly pull in crowds of more than 30,000 people, the average attendance is below 10,000 at more than half of Brazil's first division clubs. Santos, home to top striker Neymar, has an average home gate of 7,788 this season. The average at Portuguesa, another Sao Paulo club, is 4,162. Just 449 people watched Atletico-GO play Sport last month. A second study put Brazil 13th on a world table of attendances for 2011. An average of 14,987 fans attended first division matches, according to the study by Pluri, a Brazilian sports consultancy, which used a slightly different methodology to Stochos. Germany's Bundesliga led the table with 45,083 fans, followed by England, Spain and Mexico. Brazil lagged behind all the big European nations, as well as the United States, which was in sixth place. It also came in behind China in 10th and Japan, which was one place above it. Average crowds at Brazilian Serie A matches are lower even than those in the German and English second divisions.

thursday, 15 november, 2012

Courts have made defence the new attack: Federer

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NEWSDESK

OT that long ago men's tennis was dominated by big servers and natural volleyers such as Pete Sampras, Boris Becker and Stefan Edberg and even the baseliners like Andre Agassi and Jim Courier had naturally aggressive styles. Before that John McEnroe, Jimmy Connors and Ivan Lendl all played frontfoot tennis with rallies usually decided after four or five strikes of the ball. Nowadays, baseline exchanges of 20

plus strokes are commonplace, shots that used to be clean winners are coming back and matches are stretching longer and longer. The year began with a near six-hour Australian Open final between Novak Djokovic and Rafa Nadal while the U.S. Open final between Andy Murray and Djokovic was only slightly shorter. More recently the Shanghai Masters final between Murray and Djokovic went to three and a half hours and that was only a best of three set contest. Federer believes slower courts and balls, combined with improved fitness

levels, may have tipped the balance too far in favour of those for whom no ball is unreachable. Speaking after his 7-6 7-5 loss in the final of the ATP World Tour Finals to Novak Djokovic in another epic, Federer said there was an easy fix to reward the risk-takers. "Just make quicker courts, then it's hard to defend. Then attacking style is more important," the 31-year-old Swiss, a free-hitting shot-maker whose defensive skills cannot be overlooked in his 17 grand slam titles, told reporters. "It's only on this type of slow courts that you can defend the way we are all

doing right now. "I think it's exciting, but no doubt about it, it's tough. What you don't want is that you hit 15 great shots and at the end, it ends up in an error. "I think sometimes quicker courts do help the cause. I think it would help from time to time to move to something faster. That would help players learn different styles, to realise that coming to the net is a good thing, not a bad thing." With the US Open, Australian Open and so many of the Masters Series tournaments being played on medium-paced hardcourts, Federer said there was a danger of styles becoming homogenised, especially with Wimbledon's grass now suiting baseliners. "I've played on all different speeds. But I think some variety would be nice, some really slow stuff and then some really fast stuff, instead of trying to make everything sort of the same," Federer said in London. "You sort of protect the top guys really by doing that because you have the best possible chance to have them in the semis at this point. But should that be the goal? I'm not sure." World number one Djokovic is the best in the business at getting back one more ball, often launching attacks from improbable positions. His fellow Serb Janko Tipsarevic agrees that the modern player's priority is to be able to retrieve rather than strike loads of winners. "You look at the game of tennis, in my opinion the point which improved or the level that increased in the last 10 years is not the offence, it's the defence," he said last week. "Even the tall guys like (Juan Martin) Del Potro, (Tomas)Berdych and (JoWilfried) Tsonga are defending incredibly well. "If you look at Sampras and Agassi, all these guys before, they used to be very aggressive, but couldn't really defend."


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Sports 18 McIlroy delights in HK return after fantastic year FANLING

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ORY McIlroy could be forgiven for taking his foot off the gas at this week's Hong Kong Open after securing the money list titles on both sides of the Atlantic with a third-place finish in Singapore on Sunday. However, the British world number one i n sists the adrenaline that flowed at September's Ryder Cup victory and his U.S PGA Championship triumph the previous month will continue to run at one of his happiest hunting grounds. "Back in 2005, I first came here as a junior in the Faldo Series. We stayed at the golf club and I really enjoyed the course," the defending Hong Kong Open champion told reporters on Wednesday. "Then when I came back here as a European Tour player, I stayed in Hong Kong city and really enjoyed the buzz and the atmosphere. "But its here at the golf course that I have had some great experiences as a player, taking part in one of the best ever playoffs against Lin Wen-tang in 2008 and then finally putting my name on

Scott seeks to cap frustrating year with win down under MELBOUrNE Agencies

A winless season marked by one of the most spectacular major tournament meltdowns in the modern era has left Adam Scott desperate for success at this week's Australian Masters, where home crowds have rueful memories of famous near-misses. Since turning professional 12 years ago, Scott has long been touted as Australia's heir apparent to former world number one Greg Norman and appeared set to break the country's British Open drought dating back to the 'Great White Shark's' win in 1993. Scott's final round implosion at the Open Championship at Lytham in July, gave rise to far less flattering comparisons with Norman, whose own Augusta collapse at the 1996 U.S. Masters remains a bitter recollection for many Australians. Where Scott blew a fourstroke lead over his last four holes to gift Ernie Els the Claret Jug, Norman squandered a six-stroke lead to hand Nick Faldo the Green Jacket at Augusta, and never added another major trophy to his two British Open titles. With pundits lining up to consign Scott to a lifetime of disappointment and a spell on the psychiatrist's couch, the 32year-old has toiled on through a barren season, while insisting the British Open ghosts no longer haunt him. "I enjoyed the whole (British Open) experience thoroughly and, looking back, I just take so many positives from what I did right that week," Scott told reporters at Kingston Heath Golf Club on Wednesday."Obviously the result was not what I was expecting with an hour or so to play, but there's always going to be a lesson to be learned from that."I don't think it's harmed me at all. I think it was a great experience and all I can say, it's more of a motivator than anything for me to get back and have another shot at it."

the trophy last year," the 23-year-old added. "I wasn't feeling well on the Saturday and went into the final round three behind but

Agencies

shot a 65, holing a bunker shot at the last, to win by two."

McIlroy admits that his love of the Fanling course was one of his main motivations to return to Hong Kong as he attempts to pick up a fifth victory of the season at the co-sanctioned Asian and European Tour event. "It is really old school," he said. "I love the trees that frame most of the holes. You can really see your shots. There is a lot of definition. Length here doesn't matter. There won't be too many drivers used around here." Among the sub-plots being played out this week will be the final formation of the top 60 on the Race to Dubai money list that will advance to a trip to the Emirate for next week's season-ending TP World Tour Championship. Former European Ryder Cup players David Howell (61st) and Paul Casey (74th) have travelled to Hong Kong sitting outside the cut-off point, desperately hoping they can finish high enough to earn a berth at the lucrative tournament. The final positions on Sunday will also decide which players will retain their European Tour cards for 2013, with the top 119 players on the money list keeping their privileges for at least another season.

Poulter hopes to channel Ryder Cup magic in Australia MELBOUrNE Agencies

Ian Poulter converted his sparkling Ryder Cup form into his second World Golf Championship victory in Shenzhen earlier this month and will hope to maintain his strong finish to the year by defending his Australian Masters title. Poulter will battle former major winner Graeme McDowell and a determined local contingent spearheaded by world number five Adam Scott at Kingston Heath in Melbourne's famed sandbelt. The 36-year-old Englishman suggested his strongest opponent this week might well be himself, however, and admitted to struggling to take his

Ryder Cup intensity to stroke play events. "You don't get the intensity at a major like you do at the Ryder Cup," the world number 16 told reporters at Kingston Heath on Wednesday. "You can't recreate what it means in a Ryder Cup into a stroke play event. "But to give you an example, I probably had five percent adrenaline going through my body - compared to the 100 percent that I had at the Ryder Cup - two weeks ago at the WGC event." While the Masters's modest A$180,000 ($188,000) winner's cheque might do little to stoke Poulter's competitive fires, Kingston Heath's tricky layout, which places a premium on tactics while rewarding

risk-takers, offers a mouthwatering challenge. Poulter showed himself up for any challenge at last year's tournament, where he upstaged a strong field boasting then-world number one Luke Donald at nearby Royal Victoria Golf Club. After recovering from a bout of food poisoning, Poulter battled through gale-force winds on the final day to win by three strokes and earn the tournament's 'Golden Jacket', a nod to the more salubrious green one handed to U.S. Masters winners. In contrast to Poulter, McDowell would hope to leave his Ryder Cup form back in Illinois, where he posted a disappointing a 1-3-0 record and was benched on the second day.

watch it Live ESPN Sports Center 07:30PM

doctor banned in Armstrong case used to advise tennis players NEWSDESK Some tennis players are no longer working with one of the doctors banned by the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency in the wake of the Lance Armstrong doping scandal. Dr. Luis Garcia del Moral Pancho has been working with the TenisVal academy in Spain for more than a decade and the head of that acaemy has said that several players consulted del Moral for preseason blood tests, strength tests and for injuries. Those who have worked with him in the past include French Open finalist Sara Errani and former world no. 1 Dinara Safina. Errani said in September that del Moral “was the best doctor in Valencia for everything, so I have been working with him, of course" but also maintained that she would no longer consult him. Former world no. 1 Safina also consulted del Moral when she was at TenisVal. “Del Moral gave us no advice whatsoever and did not handle our cases,” Safina told one newspaper “I have nothing to be afraid of. I’m clean.” The ITF has said that it has looked into the tennis players cases and has not found any wrongdoing.

P&t gym outplay tauseef Club LAHOrE sTAFF RePORT

P&T Gymkhana has become H group Champion of LCCA Super Cricket League when they outplay Tauseef Club by 133 runs played Iteefaq Hospital ground on Tuesday. Fine batting by Baber Manzoor, Tayab Tahir(P&T Gym) and 2nd Hatric by Awais Manzoor(Tauseef Club) were the main feature of the match. Earlier Awais Manzoor has also awarded Hatric against East Zone Whites in LCCA League. Scores: P&T Gym 264/7 in 40 overs. Baber Manzoor 87, Tayab Tahir 73, M Asim 25, HAseeb ur Rehman 21, Ali Manzoor 16, Waqas Ahmed 14. Awais MAnzoor 3/26(including Hatric), Sheraz Baig 2/59, Waqas Khan 1/42, Sher Baz Khan 1/48. Tauseef Club 131 all out in 35.5 overs. Shehzad Muhayudin 28, ISrar Baig 20, Ibrar Baig 19, sher Baz Khan 18, Waqas Khan 10, Awais Manzoor 10. Rohail ALi 2/29, Ali Manzoor 2/16, HAseeb ur Rehman 2/9, Wajid 1/28, Babaer Manzoor 1/8.

LCCA TO TRAIN AND GROOM YOUNG CRICKETERS FROM BALOCHISTAN LAHOrE sTAFF RePORT

Lahore City Cricket Association will train and groom young cricketers from Balochistan by providing them all the necessary facilities by placing them in different clubs. This was stated by LCCA, President, Khawaja Nadim Ahmed while talking to a delegation of the Sports Writers Association of Balochistan which called on him here on Wednesday. Rana Irfan led the five members delegation which apprised the LCCA Chief the problems being faced by upcoming cricketers from Balochistan in cricket coaching and training. Kh Nadim briefed them on the working of the LCCA and the support of its all three affiliated zones in bettering club cricket. The delegation members praised the working of LCCA and termed it a model body among all the regional bodies for its efforts for promoting cricket at early level. “The services of LCCA are available for the young cricketers of Balochistan and we will mobilize our all available re-

sources for providing training to the cricketers from all parts of the Balochistan” said the LCCA chief, himself a former first class cricketer. He said LCCA will welcome young cricketers from Balochistan, specially from Quetta to place them in various local clubs so that they should learn the finer points of the game under the able guidance of LCCA coaches besides featuring in local club matches to get the match temperament and experience. “Balochistan is the province where limited cricket facilities are available and their young cricketers have lesser chance to get proper training and participating in quality club cricket,” said Kh Nadim adding “it is the dire need to help Balcohistan to revive and strengthen their club cricket and LCCA services will play its due role in this regard.” Balochistan Sports Writers Association, Senior Vice President, Nasim Hameed put up the proposal that a T-20 tournament featuring all the teams of the regional cricket association, FATA and Gilgit Biltistan be organized in April

next year in Quetta to foster brother unity among the regional cricket bodies. LCCA president accepted the proposal and said he will forward it to the Pakistan Cricket Board for necessary approval and getting their assistance. “We will be providing all out help for the proposed tournament and we will be working in close liaison of PCB in this regard,” he added. The delegation members said there

was no dearth of cricket talent in Balochistan and cricket was equally popular even in the far flung areas of the province where the youth has a special passion for the sport. “It is quite unfortunate that the talent is being wasted due to lack of coaching facilities and infrastructure and it is the duty of all the regional cricket bodies of the country to lend hand to Balochistan for strengthening its club cricket .

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thursday, 15 november, 2012

Pakistan frees Afghan Taliban prisoners g

Move could bolster Afghan government’s reconciliation efforts Mulla baradar not among those released g

ISLAMABAD

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sTAFF RePORT

AKISTANI officials on Wednesday said they had released some Taliban prisoners to support Afghanistan’s reconcilia-

tion efforts. The “positive gesture” came amid meetings between Kabul’s peace negotiator Salaluddin Rabbani and Pakistani authorities in Islamabad. “A group of Afghan Taliban has been released and they are accessible to anyone who wants to contact them,” a Foreign Ministry official privy to the talks said. The number of freed prisoners was said to be less than a dozen but sources told Pakistan Today that the number was at least 12. Details about the release remain sketchy, but the officials said they belonged to the insurgency’s low and midtier leadership. They said those freed did not include former Taliban deputy leader Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, who was arrested in Karachi in February 2010. The sources told Pakistan Today that eight of the prisoners were released from

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa jails, while four had been detained in jails in FATA. Furthermore, some of the released men were members of the Taliban Central Shura, the sources added. These prisoners would be airlifted to Afghanistan in a special plane, but the sources could not confirm whether they would be handed over to the Karzai government or to the Taliban leadership under Mullah Omar. Rabbani, chairman of the Afghan Peace Council, said such moves would aide the Afghan government’s reconciliation efforts and help restore peace in Afghanistan. The US, vying to leave Afghanistan by 2014, had earlier began peace negotiations with the Taliban in Qatar earlier this year. However, the talks broke down in March after the US failed to accept the Taliban’s demand of releasing a few top leaders of the Taliban detained in Guantanamo Bay prison facility before any concrete talks could take place. Insiders say the US administration had advised President Obama against the move until at least the US presidential polls held earlier this month, as it could invite a public backlash. However, with Obama having made

GAZA Agencies

islAMABAD: Afghan High Peace council chairman saluhuddin Rabani meets interior Minister Rehman Malik on Wednesday. AgeNCIeS it to the White House for an four years, the US is likely to hand over the Taliban leaders to Qatar, a move that could put the stalled peace talks with the Afghan insurgents back on track. Also, Taliban negotiators like Tayyab Agha, who opened the Taliban political office in Doha, are still living in Qatar de-

spite the collapse of peace negotiations, hinting the Taliban are also willing to resume talks with the US. According to press reports, Saudi Arabia had also invited several Taliban leaders for this year’s Haj pilgrimage as part of its possible role in the Afghan peace process.

Obama shows faith in gen Allen amidst probe WASHINGTON Agencies

Despite being under attack, General John Allen has retained the pivotal trust of his president, Barack Obama. The US top commander in Afghanistan is being probed for his alleged “inappropriate communication” with a woman, Jill Kelley, linked to former CIA director David Petraeus, who resigned abruptly last week over an extramarital affair. Allen will continue to command the forces while under investigation. White House spokesman Jay Carney said, “He (President Obama) has faith in General Allen” and added that he was doing a fine job in Afghanistan. Earlier, Obama had agreed to put on hold the nomination of Gen Allen as the next commander of the US European Command. His confirmation hearing was

scheduled for Thursday. Obama had nominated General Joseph Dunford, assistant commandant of the Marine Corps, to succeed General

top Hamas commander killed in israel attack

Allen at ISAF. Dunford’s confirmation hearing, however, is as per schedule on Thursday. The family of Jill, the Florida woman

at the centre of the scandals swirling around the two top US national security officials, has been the subject of at least nine lawsuits in recent years, according to a report by Politico.com. In one instance, Kelley and her husband Scott, a cancer surgeon, owned a three-story office building in downtown Tampa. In 2011, after the couple was sued by Central Bank, a judge ordered the building sold. Court records showed the couple owed the bank $2.2 million, according to the Tampa Bay Times. Either Jill or Scott has been the subject of nine lawsuits, including an indebtedness case from Chase Bank, a second foreclosure suit from Regions Bank, and a credit card lawsuit. The Telegraph reported the Regions Bank lawsuit was for $1.8 million. Another claim from the bank totalled $453,000. And Bank of America sued Jill for $25,000 in unpaid credit card charges and fees.

Israel killed the military commander of the Palestinian group Hamas in a missile strike on the Gaza Strip on Wednesday and launched air raids across the enclave, pushing the two sides to the brink of a new war. The attacks marked the biggest escalation between Israel and Gaza militants since a 2008-2009 conflict and came despite signs on Tuesday that neighbouring Egypt had managed to broker a truce in the enclave after a five day surge of violence. Hamas said Ahmed Al-Jaabari, who ran the organisation’s armed wing, Izz el-Deen Al-Qassam, died along with an unnamed associate when their car was blown apart by an Israeli missile. Palestinians said nine people were killed, including a seven-year-old girl. Video from Gaza showed the charred and mangled wreckage of a car belching flames, as emergency crews picked up what appeared to be body parts. Israel confirmed it had carried out the attack on Jaabari and warned that more strikes would follow.

five Kamra Air base attackers arrested PESHAWAr sHAMiM sHAHiD

The law enforcing and secret agencies succeeded in arresting five militants, involved in attack on Kamra Air Base, from Mohmand Agency. Highly placed tribal sources told Pakistan Today that all five militants were arrested on pointation of their accomplices who were arrested during the attack on the base on August 16 2012. However, so far no official statement has been issued in this respect. Sources said the five militants arrested from Mohmand Agency belong to Afghanistan and are considered high profile militants. The exact identity of the arrested militants could not be ascertained as yet but it was revealed that they were involved in high profile acts of terrorism in both Pakistan and Afghanistan. Sources further said that the Kamra attack was planned in North Waziristan and had input from Obaidullah, who was amongst the 384 prisoners who escaped from Central Jail Bannu on April 15 2012.

Cabinet endorses MQM’s concerns over Karachi violence g

MqM says goons of banned outfits targeting people on sectarian basis g Cabinet approves controversial tax amendments to give exemptions to non-filers ISLAMABAD TAYYAB HussAin

The federal cabinet on Wednesday endorsed and shared the concerns expressed by the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) ministers, who conveyed its reservations to the prime minister over the ongoing killing spree in Karachi and the “lack of commitment” of law enforcement agencies (LEAs) to arrest the killers. Moreover, despite the Transparency International Pakistan requesting the Supreme Court to take suo motu notice of “two blanket tax amnesty schemes” being proposed by the government, the federal cabinet considered and approved controversial amendments in the Customs Act 1969, Sales Tax Act 1990, Income Tax Ordinance 2001 and Federal Excise Act 2005 to register non-tax filers in the tax net, paving the way for tax amnesty scheme tagged as

registration and enforcement initiative. A source in the federal cabinet told Pakistan Today during Wednesday meeting of the cabinet, MQM ministers informed their colleagues that goons of banned outfits were targeting people on sectarian basis and gangsters were killing their rivals, while law enforcers were acting as “spectators”. The source added that the MQM ministers told Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf that law enforcers were inactive on instructions from their high-ups and when they were allowed to act, they arrested a dozen target killers with large quantity of arms. The source added that MQM ministers also shared with their cabinet colleagues some exclusive documents about criminal activities and extortion in Karachi. Prime Minister Ashraf expressed serious concern over the Karachi situation. “We are all mindful of the fact that extrem-

ism, militancy, intolerance, sectarian violence and terrorism have posed a serious threat and challenge to our sovereignty, security and National Cohesion,” he said. “As a nation, we have to thwart sinister designs of terrorists and the government would play its part in eliminating these elements,” he said. Keeping in mind the sanctity of the Holy month of Muharrum, the prime minister said he had directed LEAs in all provinces to further beef up security arrangements, keep a vigilant eye and evolve a mechanism to maintain peace and harmony. Interior Minister Rehman Malik briefed the cabinet on the situation in Karachi. The cabinet expressed serious concern over the law and order in Karachi and directed the ministry to make a detailed presentation to the cabinet in its next meeting and suggest concrete proposals.

Published by Arif Nizami at Plot # 7, Al-Baber Centre, F/8 Markaz, Islamabad.

The cabinet congratulated President Barack Obama on his re-election for a second term. The PM said Pakistan and the US had common bilateral interests and shared regional objectives of peace, security and stability, hoping that as partners in a shared enterprise, they would be able to continue pursuing collective goals to the mutual benefit of both. The cabinet later discussed and accorded its approval to the proposed amendment in Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1947 (FERA, 1947) and the Land Surveying and Mapping Bill – 2012. In order to avoid any legal complication of important terrorism cases under trial, the cabinet approved, subject to vetting by the Ministries of Law and Human Rights, the Juvenile Justice System (Amendment) Bill, 2012. Necessary provisions have been incorporated for the

Editor: Arif Nizami

protection of witnesses and juvenile accused persons in the proposed bill. The cabinet considered and approved amendments in the Customs Act 1969, Sales Tax Act 1990, Income Tax Ordinance 2001 and Federal Excise Act 2005 to register non-tax filers in the tax net. The cabinet was informed that a significant segment of Pakistan’s economy was undocumented. The growing size of the underground economy was not only depriving the national exchequer of its due share but was also acting as a hindrance for economic planning and development. A large number of businesses and individuals who were regularly filing their income tax returns were avoiding their legal obligations by either under-declaring or not correctly declaring their assets or income. Continued on page 04


e-paper pakistantoday 15th November, 2012