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Rs 17.00 Vol III No 313 19 Pages Islamabad — Peshawar Edition

Friday, 10 May, 2013 Jamadul Sani 29, 1434

A man falls to his death in a bid to escape the deadly fire at LDA Complex.

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photo by mURtAZA ALI

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Govt won’t punish constitution’s abrogators: SC

US drones are a mess ethically, morally, legally

The government has made it clear that it will not punish the abrogators of the constitution and the courts do not want to put anyone to trial, Justice Jawwad S Khwaja has said. He gave these remarks while presiding over a threemember bench hearing the treason case against former president Pervez Musharraf on Thursday. PAG E 18

Speakers at a meeting of the European Parliament on Thursday lashed out at US drone strikes in Pakistan and termed them illegal. They further said that drone strikes were counterproductive to security objectives. At least 4,700 people had been killed including only 4 percent of "high-level militants" by US drone strikes. PAG E 18

Veena Malik’s heart ‘wept for Sarabjit Singh’

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A PTI coalition cannot be ruled out : Qureshi

Govt’s Rs 11b bailout for PSM on 16th

Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Vice Chairman Shah Mehmood Qureshi said the possibility of his party joining any coalition government following the May 11 polls could not be ruled out. “PTI joining any coalition government after May 11 cannot be ruled out. Avenues are never closed in politics,” he said while talking to BBC on Thursday. PAG E 04

Federal Minister for Industries and Production Shahzada Ahsan Sheikh on Thursday said a bailout package of Rs 11 billion would be released for the Pakistan Steel Mills (PSM) on May 16. The minister hoped that the financial injection would enable the PSM to increase its production up to 60 percent by August. PAG E 16


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Two More killed, several hurT on lasT day of caMPaiGninG QUETTA/PESHAWAR AGENCIES

At least two people were killed and several others injured on Thursday in violence related to elections across the country. A man was killed and six injured in an attack on the convoy of PML-N candidate for PB-50, Akbar Askani, in Mand area of Balochistan. Officals said the convoy of PML-N leader Askani was passing through Mand area of Turbat when unidentified men opened fire. As a result, a security guard was killed on the spot, while six others sustained injuries. Akbar remained unhurt in the attack. In North Waziristan Agency, one person was killed and five injured in a blast in Mir Ali area of the agency. Officials said the blast occurred at Moski area near an election rally that was passing through the main bazaar of the area. Security forces rushed to the scene soon after the blast occurred and shifted the injured to hospital. Scores have died in the militant campaign to derail the May 11 vote, making them being called the bloodiest in Pakistan's history. In Bannu also, a bomb blast at the doorstep of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam-Fazl (JUI-F) leader's house resulted in no casualties. Police said miscreants had planted explosives outside the door of JUI-F leader Shaukatur Rehman house's in Soorani area that exploded early on Thursday. However, Rehman and his family remained safe in the incident.

Taliban Plan To aTTack landMark elecTion ISLAMABAD oNLINE

Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) leader Hakimulla Mehsud on Thursday said that TTP was planning to carry out suicide bombings on May 11 to undermine the general elections. Hakimullah, in a message to the group's spokesman, outlined plans for attacks, including suicide blasts, in all four of the country's provinces. "We do not accept nor recognise democracy which is a system created by infidels,” Mehsud said. Since April, the al Qaeda-linked Pakistani Taliban have killed more than 100 people in attacks on candidates and rallies, particularly those of secularleaning, in a bid to undermine elections they regard un-Islamic. The attacks have prevented candidates from the three main parties in the ruling coalition from holding big rallies. Instead, they have relied on door-to-door campaigning or small meetings in homes or on street corners.

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ISASTER struck former prime minister Yousaf Raza Gilani’s family when his youngest son, Ali Haider Gilani, was kidnapped in broad daylight on Thursday. Witnesses to the bold kidnapping said that armed gunmen opened fire at an election convoy of Ali Haider Gilani as it was departing from a corner meeting. They pushed the young Pakistan People’s Party candidate of the provincial assembly from PP-200, who was walking out of the meeting into a waiting car, and opened fire at his guards. Gilani’s secretary Mohyuddin Bhutta and gunman Qaswar Dharala were killed while five others were injured in the brazen attack. Ali Haider Gilani was then driven away. Multan Chief Police Officer (CPO) Ghulam Mehmood Dogar later told reporters that a black car and a motorcycle were used by the kidnappers. The police called it an act of terrorism. Dogar said that entry and exit points of the city and adjoining districts had been sealed to arrest the culprits. Police officials told a private TV channel that the target of the attack was Yousaf Raza Gilani, who was also present at the meeting. The gunmen kidnapped his son on being unable to kill the former prime minister. THE ELECTION MUST GO ON: Following his son’s kidnapping, PPP central leader and former premier Yousaf Raza Gilani announced that polls would not be boycotted despite the horrific nature of pre-poll targeting his family had faced. Addressing reporters, Yousaf Raza Gilani condemned his son’s kidnapping and said that the elections were his national obligation and would not be boycotted. The visibly distraught former prime minister said his family would not be asking for extra security in the wake of the attack. He added that

it was obvious that PPP was being denied a fair playing field in the much-anticipated elections. GILANI BROTHERS THREATEN TO HOLD ELECTION HOSTAGE: Earlier, an emotional Ali Musa Gilani said the PPP would not let elections take place in any constituency of Multan if his younger sibling Ali Haider was not traced and recovered before the day was up. Abdul Qadir Gilani, the former PM’s eldest son, also shared the same opinion and said his party had been deprived of all security measures despite direct threats from the Taliban. MULTAN’S JIYALAS PROTEST: When news of the kidnapping broke, the PPP’s workers took to the streets, protesting their leader’s kidnapping and demanding his recovery as soon as possible. They said that Gilani had informed the district administration and the government of receiving death and kidnapping threats from the Tehreeke-Taliban Pakistan (TTP). PAKISTAN’S LEADERSHIP REACTS: President Asif Ali Zardari and Prime Minister Mir Hazar Khan Khoso condemned Ali Haider’s kidnapping in a telephonic conversation with the former prime minister. They deemed the attack “cowardly” and “incomprehensible”. Zardari said that the democratic process would not be derailed with such att a c k s . Spokesperson to the president Senator Farhatullah Babar said that the president also called upon the relevant government agencies to take action to recover the kidnapped Gilani safely and bring the culprits to book. Khoso contacted the Punjab government and asked for immediate recovery of Haider. "The prime minister expressed his concerns over the incident and asked for making efforts for prompt recovery of Haider," an official at the PM's House informed Pakistan Today.

WE WILL NOT ALLOW ELECTIONS IN MULTAN IF MY YOUNGER BROTHER IS NOT FOUND...

Govt welcomes international observers to monitor elections: PM ISLAMABAD NNI

Prime Minister Mir Hazar Khan Khoso on Thursday said the government welcomed international observers who had arrived here to monitor the general elections to be held on May 11. He was talking to a five-member delegation of European Parliament‚ headed by Michael Gahler in Islamabad on Thursday. Khoso said all arrangements had been finalised to ensure fair and transparent elections. He said the government was extending all possible assistance to the Election Commission of Pakistan. The prime minister said the army‚ the Rangers and other law enforcement agencies and volunteers had been deployed throughout the country to maintain peace. The head of the European Union delegation informed the prime minister that the EU had over 100 people working as observers all over Pakistan. Briefing the delegation on the political history of Pakistan, Khoso said Pakistan was unfortunate as the father of the nation passed away within one year of independence. “Prime minister late Liaquat Ali Khan’s assassination was another great set back for the newly-independence state,” he added. The prime minister said the caretaker government was making history by not only conducting credible elections but ensuring transfer of power to a democraticallyelected government. Khoso said the Election Commission of Pakistan was being headed by a well-known retired judge of the superior courts of Pakistan and was appointed with consensus. “The caretaker government has extended all-possible assistance to the ECP under whose supervision elections are being conducted.” “We have not interfered in the work of the Election Commission of Pakistan,” said the prime minister. Recalling his meeting with the prime minister a month ago, Galher informed him that the European Union had over 100 people working as observers all over Pakistan.

CEC wants more troops for elections, army complies ISLAMABAD tAyyAb hUSSAIN

With general elections only two days away, Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) Justice (r) Fakhruddin G Ebrahim on Thursday expressed “dissatisfaction” over the current security plan for general elections, terming it “insufficient” following which the ISPR has agreed to send more troops for security. In a letter written to Chief of Army Staff (COAS) General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani, the CEC urged Kayani for deployment of army personnel at the most sensitive polling stations. The army leadership positively responded to the call of the CEC, stating that the General Headquarters has ordered army troops to modify and further strengthen their plans and affect deployment at the most sensitive polling stations, to the extent possible. Security has become a major irritant for the May 11 polls as successive incidents of terrorist attacks have left many injured and killed across the country. The terrorists have targeted politicians in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Balochistan and Sindh but Thursday's incident of alleged kidnapping of Ali Haider Gilani, son of for-

mer prime minister Yousaf Raza Gilani, has sent shock-waves across country. This was the first reported incident of kidnapping of a candidate taking part in polls and was also the first act of violence in Punjab. When contacted, a well-placed official at the ISPR stated, “Despite very less reaction time for a change in the finalised security plan, for which deployment of all law enforcing personnel has already been completed and coordinated, in deference to the CEC’s request General Headquarters has ordered army troops to modify and further strengthen their plans and affect deployment at the most sensitive polling stations to the extent possible”. “Priority for deployment on these most sensitive polling stations would be based on assessment by local civil administration in coordination with intelligence, security officials and local army commanders. These deployments will be solely for the purpose of providing assistance in security duties for elections as envisaged under article 245 of the constitution,” the ISPR official added. The CEC’s letter reflected he might have reviewed his previous approval to the security plan agreed upon on May 1. According to the agreed plan, 600,000 security personnel were

to perform election duties and as many as 50,000 soldiers were to be deployed as a Quick Response Force to deal with any emergency on polling day. About 20 to 50 Quick Response Force personnel were supposed to man each constituency. Security personnel were to be deployed on all polling stations throughout the country on May 10. Per the previously agreed plan, Police, Levies, Rangers, FC and volunteers were to perform the security duties while the army's Quick Response Force was to move on call where there was a need to cope with any situation at polling stations throughout the country. It was also decided in principle that the Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) Police was to be deployed in Islamabad and KP. Under the plan, seven security personnel, including police and rangers, were to be deployed on the most sensitive polling stations, five on moderately sensitive and four on normal polling stations. However, the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP), in order to provide security to voters, on Tuesday issued a rejoinder to the previously agreed security plan and suggested all provincial governments to deploy at least 10 security personnel at highly

sensitive polling stations. An ECP official said around 10 police officials, including paramilitary personnel, would perform security duties at every sensitive polling station. He said the ECP suggested provincial governments to deploy 10 security personnel at highly sensitive polling stations, seven at sensitive and five at normal polling stations. The CEC, in his letter, further said to ensure free, fair and transparent elections the commission and Pakistan Army had to jointly ensure security. In this regard‚ Ebrahim said despite limitations in terms of resources, the presence of army personnel on highly sensitive polling stations is mandatory on the polling day. In his letter to the COAS, Ebrahim asked Gen Kayani for army personnel at the most sensitive polling stations to ensure a peaceful and transparent process of casting votes. Out of the 69, 729 polling stations set up across the country to help the 86.189 million registered national voters (86,189,802) exercise their right of franchise, around 15, 681 polling stations have been declared “highly sensitive” by the ECP while another 15, 214 have been classified as “sensitive.” However, 38, 834 polling stations are deemed to be safe and normal for voters. A further break-up shows that out of the 15, 681 polling stations that have been declared “highly sensitive,” as many as 8,439 are in Punjab, 3,064 are in Sindh, 2,140 are located in KP, 1,783 in Balochistan, 243 in the tribal belt and 12 in Islamabad.


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lahore fire devours 8, More deaThs feared

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raging fire that erupted in LDA Plaza on Lahore’s Egerton Road killed eight persons on Thursday and injured dozens others. The number of casualties is expected to rise as the fire had not been put out until this report was filed around midnight, almost 11 hours after it first began. Five of the deaths came when desperate people tried to save their lives by jumping off the building from the eight floor. The dead included Iqbal Butt, Ikram, Asif, Riaz and Amjad. Per details, the fire erupted on the ninth floor of the building

nab deTains Gen (r) Zahid ali akbar

at around 11am, purportedly due to a short circuit. The incident was reported to rescue authorities at about 11:56am, almost an hour after the blaze first erupted. A witness in the building, Abdul Razzaq told Pakistan Today that the employees working in the building took the news of fire lightly at first, but after about 30 to 35 minutes, the fire got out of hands and everyone rushed for the exit. Four helicopters were used in the rescue operation besides fire tenders and rescue vehicles. Two of the helicopters were provided by the military while the other two belonged to the governor and the chief minister. The choppers evacuated 15 employees and moved them to various hospitals.

MEN JUMP OFF: In desperate attempt to save themselves from the fire, at least five people jumped off the building. One of them died on the spot while four others succumbed to their injuries at the hospital. Rescue 1122 Director General Dr Rizwan said there was no equipment or facility available inside the LDA plaza to cope with fire incidents. “The fire started at 11am but Rescue 1122 was informed at about 11:56am,” he said. “The building is worth billions of rupees but there was no mechanism in place to cope with fires in the building. Much loss would have been avoided had Rescue 1122 been informed of the accident earlier,” Dr Rizwan added. He said access to the building was difficult due to the design of the building and there was

no such proper place to put ladders or any other equipment to rescue the people. He said that there was also no place to open the sheets on which the people could jump from the building due to the sloped surface. NAB TAKES NOTICE: The National Accountability Bureau (NAB) took notice of the reports regarding burning of valuable record, including that of revenue in the LDA Plaza fire. NAB Chairman Admiral (r) Fasih Bokhari directed NAB Punjab to take cognisance of the fire and look for the possible reasons. He also desired that an enquiry should establish if there was some hidden hand behind the unfortunate incident. “The NAB will call relevant departments including Revenue, LDA, City District Gov-

PHC dEClarEs Us dronE strikEs illEgal

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The National Accountability Bureau (NAB) has detained Lt Gen (r) Zahid Ali Akbar, former WAPDA chairman, allegedly involved in a case of making assets beyond means to the tune of Rs 267.61 million. He was detained with the help of Interpol and is presently detained in Bosnia. His detention has been made possible after the hectic efforts which the bureau was making for the last three months through international agencies, a press release said. All legal formalities are being completed to bring back the former chairman WAPDA Gen (r) Zahid Ali Akbar back to Pakistan. Reference against him for making assets beyond known sources of income was pending before the Accountability Court Lahore since July 2006. He was declared a proclaimed offender by the court on May 10, 2007.

The Peshawar High Court on Thursday declared that US drone strikes in the country's tribal belt are illegal and has directed the government to move a resolution against the attacks in the United Nations. In what activists said was an historic decision, the PHC issued the verdict against the strikes by CIA-operated spy planes in response to four petitions that contended the attacks killed civilians and caused “collateral damage”. Chief Justice Dost Muhammad Khan, who headed a two-judge bench that heard the petitions, ruled the drone strikes were illegal, inhumane and a violation of the UN charter on human rights. The court said the strikes must be declared a war crime as they killed innocent people. “The government of Pakistan must ensure that no drone strike takes place in the future,” the court said. It asked the Foreign Ministry to table a resolution against the American attacks in the UN. “If the US vetoes the resolution,

then the country should think about breaking diplomatic ties with the US,” the judgment said. US officials have said the drones target al Qaeda and Taliban in tribal regions who are blamed for cross-border attacks in Afghanistan and say the operations are done with the complicity of Pakistan's military. Activists say hundreds of civilians are killed as “collateral damage” and that there is no transparency about the operation of the drones. Former prime minister Nawaz Sharif, whose Pakistan Muslim League (PML-N) party is considered frontrunner in this Saturday's election, this week vowed that he would not tolerate drone attacks on Pakistani soil. “Drone attacks are against the national sovereignty and a challenge for the country's autonomy and independence,” he said. The case was filed last year by the Foundation for Fundamental Rights, a legal charity based in Islamabad, on behalf of the families of victims killed in a 17 March 2011 strike on a tribal jirga. The jirga, a traditional community dispute resolution mechanism, had

been called to settle a chromite mining dispute in Datta Khel, North Waziristan. This strike killed more than 50 tribal elders, including a number of government officials. There was strong condemnation of this attack by all quarters in Pakistan including the federal government and Pakistan military. Shahzad Akbar, lawyer for victims in the case, said: “This is a landmark judgment. Drone victims in Waziristan will now get some justice after a long wait. This judgment will also prove to be a test for the new government: if drone strikes continue and the government fails to act, it will run the risk of contempt of court.”? Clive Stafford Smith of the Londonbased group Reprieve, which has supported the case, said: “Today's momentous decision by the Peshawar High Court shines the first rays of accountability onto the CIA's secret drone war.” He added: “For the innocent people killed by U.S. drone strikes, it marks the first time they have been officially acknowledged for who they truly are civilian victims of American war crimes.”

ernment, Lahore Rescue 1122 and other stakeholders in this regard. These departments would be called under NAB's prevention regime to determine the reasons behind this unfortunate incident and burning of records may be investigated if facts support a probe,” the NAB chairman said. RECORD INTACT: Meanwhile, a spokesman of the LDA said that the record of Metro Bus project is safe in the office of TEPA situated at Lytton Road. Moreover, all record of this project is also available with the NESPAK Consultant, he added. The spokesman further said that the record relating to properties of the citizens is safe in the office of LDA situated at Johar Town and no damage was caused to it.

nyT PakisTan bureau chief’s visa cancelled

ISLAMABAD: Pakistani authorities have cancelled the Pakistani visa of a foreign journalist, Declan Walsh, the bureau chief of New York Times. Walsh has been working in Pakistan and Afghanistan for the last seven to eight years and is known as an expert on reporting on security and terrorism. Before joining the New York Times, Walsh worked for British newspaper The Guardian from 2004 to 2011 as its correspondent in Pakistan. When contacted, an official source confirmed this development. “His (Walsh) activities were unbecoming of a journalist,” the source said, seeking anonymity. However, he did not give any further details. StAFF REpoRt


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ISLAMABAD: Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf chief Imran Khan makes a video link address to a party rally in D Chowk. oNLINE

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HE political leadership across the country held public meetings and made last-minute pleas to voters to support their respective parties before the close of a 21-day election campaign that was marred by security threats and terrorist attacks on major stakeholders. Despite the security constraints, the country had exploded with political activity as the campaign drew to a close a day before the start of polling per the Election Commission of Pakistan’s instructions, promising a lively and hotly contested election with results highly unpredictable for the leaders as well as political analysts. It seemed that it was a day when all roads were leading to public meetings and rallies organised by one party or the other. The leaders of the three main parties, the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz, Pakistan People’s Party and Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf put up impressive shows to mark the end of the campaign while candidates and ticket-holders from these parties also did their best to flex their muscles to mark the end of the campaign in a bid to leave lasting imprints on the minds of general public before the polling day. PML-N supremo Nawaz Sharif was in Lahore on Thursday and addressed three public meetings in NA-127, NA-122 and

LAHORE: Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz chief Nawaz Sharif addresses a rally in Samanabad. INp

his own constituency NA-120. It was also Nawaz’s first appearance in the city known as the bastion of Sharifs now shaken by the challenge posed by PTI’s top man Imran Khan and his ascendancy in national politics as a force to be reckoned. In last ditch efforts to woo voters, despite his injuries PTI Chairman Imran Khan delivered a passionate speech through a video link at a mammoth public meeting in Islamabad. The meeting was also addressed by Sheikh Rashid relying heavily on the cooperation of the PTI to clinch a victory after suffering humiliating defeats from the PML-N banner in the recent past. Most surprising was Bilawal Bhutto’s appearance in a public meeting in Rawalpindi again though through a video linkage televised throughout the country. BILAWAL’S ADDRESS: Bilawal’s address was meant to boost the fortunes of Haji Nawaz Khokhar’s son taking part in the election and also an antiPML-N alliance at works in Rawalpindi. While addressing the people of constituency NA-49 Bhara Kahu, Bilawal said that he was proud of talking to the people of federal capital on the last day of election campaign because it was the land where his mother Benazir Bhutto dedicated her life for the revival of democracy and it was his right

to ask the people to poll their votes into the favour of his party’s candidate. He claimed that an ideological conspiracy had been hatched to destabilise Pakistan and it was more dangerous than terrorists. “Let us come together to flop this mind set who flourished under dictatorial regime, funded by terrorist elements in previous elections and requested them not to have any terrorist attack in Punjab province,” Bilawal reiterated. He claimed to eliminate poverty, unemployment and terrorism if PPPP returned to power, adding that jobs quota would be provided for the local residents of federal capital in the future too. NAWAZ’S ADDRESS: In Lahore, Nawaz concluded the campaign at mid-night in Data Darbar. Party workers and supporters had the other day invited people to join Nawaz at the Data Darbar. Nawaz also addressed gatherings in Dungi Ground in Samnabad and before that Green Town (near Sunday Bazar, appealing the public to vote for PML-N if they want to change their lives. Nawaz said that his party deserved their vote on the basis of their past performance. IMRAN’S FINAL POLL ADDRESS: PTI Chairman Imran Khan made a final ap-

a PTi coalition Sanaullah’s body brought home cannot be ruled out : Qureshi

LAHORE: Relatives of Pakistani citizens imprisoned in India protest against the brutal torture and death of Sanaullah Ranjay in an Indian prison on Thursday. oNLINE

LAHORE StAFF REpoRt

The body of Pakistani prisoner Sanaullah Ranjay, who succumbed to injuries at a Chandigarh hospital was brought back to his native town Sialkot on board a special aircraft on Thursday. Earlier, the Indian home minister had said India would hand over the body to Pakistan. Sushilkumar Shinde told reporters said the Ministry of External Affairs was coordinating with Pakistani authorities to complete the formalities to send back Sanaullah’s body home. “Once the formalities are done, we will hand over the body,” he had said. In Sialkot, the district coordination officer said that Sanaullah’s body would be buried with official honours. Commenting on Sanaullah’s death, a senior security official, asking not to be named, said that the Indian civil society, politicians and military officials had reacted furiously to Sarabjit

Singh’s death. “Sarabjit Singh was a RAW agent who infiltrated into Pakistan to commit terrorist attacks against innocent Pakistanis and had confessed his involvement in bomb attacks in Pakistan that killed 14 persons and injured several others. The Indian government declared state funeral for Sarabjit Singh and awarded him gun salute for his bravery in line with ‘national cause’. Sarabjit’s involvement in espionage in Pakistan was also confirmed by his former handler, who later became the chief of the Indian premier spy agency. Killing an innocent Pakistani prisoner to avenge the unfortunate death of Sarabjit at the hands of some fellow inmates over a reported drug money dispute is inhumane and highly condemnable,” he said. The official lamented that several apologists in Pakistan had joined the Indian media and political leadership’s chorus in condemning Sarabjit’s death. “They were very vocal in condemning

the death of the Indian prisoner but refuse to speak up against Indian atrocities in Kashmiris, the inhuman treatment of Pakistani prisoners in Indian jails, the acts of water terrorism against Pakistan, the Samjhota Express episode and fostering insurgency in Balochistan. The Indian authorities sent to Pakistan tortured bodies of Abdul Aleem and Qateel but there was no reaction from Pakistani politicians,” he said. The official said that it was a matter of concern that during a recent interview with a TV channel, the leader of a frontrunner political party talked about all subjects pertaining to India without giving a second thought about stated national policies. “The political leader did not even once mention state-sponsored terrorism by India through their agents such as Sarabjit Singh and neither did he condemn the torture on Pakistani prisoner Sanaullah. The sitting Punjab caretaker chief minister’s stance on the issues is equally condemnable,” the official said.

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Vice Chairman Shah Mehmood Qureshi said the possibility of his party joining any coalition government following the May 11 polls could not be ruled out. “PTI joining any coalition government after May 11 cannot be ruled out. Avenues are never closed in politics,” he said while talking to BBC on Thursday. He said a crucial PTI meeting would be held the day after polls to decide a future strategy in perspective of electoral pledges made by his party with the people. Responding to a question on talks with Taliban, he said PTI was the first and only party, asking for negotiations with Taliban for the sake of establishment of peace in Afghanistan. Talking on democracy, Qureshi said Taliban, who do not accept the political system as Islamic, have their own view point and PTI has its own. “No bar has been imposed by Islam on democracy in my view,” he added. Responding to a question on Imran Khan’s stance on shooting down drones, Qureshi said not only PTI, but several other circles and human rights’ organisations in the Unites States (US) and Britain were opposed to drone attacks. oNLINE

RAWALPINDI: Pakistan People’s Party Chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari addresses a party gathering via video link. oNLINE

peal to the nation through a video-link from his hospital bed, calling upon the people to vote for the PTI to usher in an era of prosperity in a ‘Naya Pakistan’. Addressing the participants of the DChowk rally in Islamabad, the PTI chief called upon the people of Pakistan to vote for their future and their children’s future on May 11. Some analysts put the attendance at the rally close to 100,000 people. Khan urged voters to bring create a new Pakistan through the power of the ballot. Addressing the people of Pakistan, province by province, he urged them to shun the politics of the old and tested faces and take Pakistan towards a new direction. Speaking to the people of Sindh, he asked them if they still wanted the bloodshed they suffered for the last five years. “How long would you give votes and sacrifices in Bhutto’s name? Peace cannot return to Karachi as long as political parties maintain militant wings. Those involved in extortion themselves can never end extortion and terrorism in the city,” the PTI chief said. Khan said the rural areas of Sindh were one of the least developed parts of Pakistan. Speaking to the people of Balochistan, he said the oppressed people of the province must come out of the jungle that the sardars had confined them to.

“Stop being exploited in the name of nationalism and religion. Vote for the party that will make a new Pakistan,” Khan said. “The people of Khyber-Pakhtunkhawa and FATA have made their decision,” a smiling Khan said, adding that “come out and vote for the PTI”, assuring the people of restoring peace and stability to the region. For Punjab, he asked the people how could the Sharif brothers, who had ruled for a combined period of 25 years, do any more good. “They did nothing in the past five years, if you think they will do in the sixth year what they did not in the last five, you should vote for them.” Khan’s party then made the rally participants’ take an oath of allegiance of not bowing down before anyone to make a self sufficient and self reliant Pakistan. Due to security reasons and lack of leadership, the PPP remained conspicuous by its absence from the election campaign. Instead, the PPP based its strategy on minimum agenda in Punjab. It focused mainly on constituencies with some prospects for it. But both the PML-N and the PTI leadership made most of the period allotted for campaigning holding public meetings in every big city of the province and outside, mobilising the general public in a big way. This mobilisation, the political analysts say, will lead to greater turn out at the polling day.

Injured Sanaullah succumbs to injuries ISLAMABAD ShAIQ hUSSAIN

Pakistan on Thursday sought probe into the killing of its citizen Sanaullah, who succumbed to serious injuries after being attacked in an Indian jail, and asked India to bring the perpetrators of the heinous crime to justice. “We have learnt with a deep sense of grief that Pakistani Prisoner Sanaullah has expired today (Thursday) in a hospital in Chandigarh, India. He succumbed to the brutal injuries inflicted upon him during an attack in a jail in the Indian Occupied Kashmir,” said Foreign Office Spokesman Aizaz Ahmed Chaudhry. “The government of Pakistan offers its deep condolences to the family of Sanaullah,” he said. Aizaz said, “The government of Pakistan is making necessary arrangements to repatriate his mortal remains to Pakistan. We hope that the government of India will extend expeditious facilitation to that end.” He said, “The brutal manner in which Sanaullah was attacked in the jail is most unfortunate and a matter of deep concern for the government of

Pakistan. We have conveyed our concern to the government of India in this regard and demanded that an investigation into the incident be held and perpetrators of this heinous crime be brought to justice.” “The prime minister of Pakistan has also called upon the government of India to ensure the safety and security of all Pakistani prisoners in Indian jails,” he said. He said, “We also reiterate our call to the government of India to hold focused discussions on the conditions of Pakistani prisoners in Indian jails and repatriate those who have already completed their sentences as per the Consular Access Agreement between Pakistan and India.” Prime Minister Mir Hazar Khan Khoso has announced Rs 1 million compensation for

the family of the killed Pakistani prisoner. Singh was sentenced to death in 1991 in Pakistan for spying and involvement in terrorist acts in which several Pakistani citizens were killed. Diplomatic sources in Islamabad say that the killings of Pakistani and Indian prisoners in the jails of two countries had further strained the already tense relations between the South Asian nuclear neighbours. “At present, the Indo-Pak peace process is stalled and world powers like US and UK have been trying hard through diplomatic channels to persuade the two sides to resume the peace dialogue but these incidents of prisoners’ killing would harm those efforts,” a source said, seeking anonymity. The deaths of Sarabjit and Sanaullah have also raised concerns about the safety of Pakistani and Indian prisoners in each other jails. At present, there are 535 Indian prisoners in Pakistan jails and 500 to 600 Pakistani prisoners are in Indian jails. The India-Pakistan Judicial Committee on Prisoners has also called on the Indian and Pakistani governments to ensure the safety of each other’s prisoners languishing in jails.


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Older men declare war. But it is the youth that must fight and die. –Herbert Hoover

elecTions islaMabad fever on 0 33 C The rise 180C Friday, 10 May, 2013

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bank in NA-48 constituency. The build-up to 34C I 19°C 34°C I 18°C 35°C I 20°C May 11 elections have proved to be a blessing in disguise for children after the government announced vacations in connection with Election Day. Fajr Sunrise Zuhr Asr Maghrib Isha Two days before 3:39 5:13 12:04 3:47 6:56 8:30 the historic elections commence, majority of people living in the capital have hardly ISLAMABAD expressed their enthusiasm by ANWER AbbAS deciding against hoisting party UST 12 hours prior to flags or displaying posters of outside their the polls, the capital is candidates still missing the zeal properties. otherwise associated Meanwhile, the have with elections, however, traders made public in the areas lying on the outskirts of the city, electioneering activities their affiliations have peaked considerably. In a stark contrast to 2008 with political by elections, this time the camps of parties

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various political parties and activists have failed to attract reasonable crowd comprising of workers, activists and supporters, as most camps seem to be deserted. On the main roads of the capital city, a large number of banners and posters of candidates contesting for the two seats in Islamabad, have been displayed in bulk. However, electioneering zeal was missing entirely from the scene. Meanwhile, traffic flowed normally on the roads like any other day, however, a few cars and motorcycles were seen carrying the flags of PML-N, PPP and PTI. On the other hand, a few vehicles carrying posters of JI Mian Aslam were also seen moving around city roads. The mentioned candidate commanded a strong vote

Teachers Gear uP for duTies on The biG day ISLAMABAD: Hundreds of teachers working in different public institutes under the Federal Directorate of Education (FDE) as well as volunteers are ready to perform election duties at different polling stations in the capital. The FDE has engaged all the teachers to perform their duties at polling stations on the elections day to play their role in this historical event. Shagufta Nauman, a teacher at a local college said, “I will perform duty in my college in F-6/2 to facilitate the polling process on the elections day. It is the duty of every citizen to cast vote to the political party of his or her choice to bring a positive change in the country.” “It is our national obligation to facilitate the polling process at polling stations as we have been doing in the past,” she said. Another teacher, Mazhar Nisar said, “This is not a new thing for us to perform at polling station during elections as we have performed election duty earlier too.” App

displaying banners and posters of their respective parties. Keeping in view the ongoing terrorism incidents taking place across the country, the residents of the capital city preferred to stay inside their homes, where as a contrasting trend was being observed in rural areas outside the city where political activities were being carried out in full swing, as people were participating enthusiastically in rallies and meetings before the end of campaigning. Furthermore, in areas located in the outskirts of the capital, including Barakahu, Tarlai, Dohkari Chowk, Rawal Dam Chowk, Chak Shahzad Golera and Malpur areas, election related zeal was touching its peak. Here in the rural setup, flags upon flags of various political parties have completely changed the outlook of these areas. Loyalties here were divided between the PPP, PML-N and PTI, and motorcycles and cars were seen decorated with posters and banners of different political parties. On the other hand, political parties and candidates were desperately trying to sum up their campaigns by holding corner meetings and public gatherings. Rangers and military forces on Thursday evening have taken charge for security the capital and to foil any bid of terrorism, whereas earlier

48% PakisTanis Prefer PersonaliTies over ParTies: survey ISLAMABAD: Despite the various mobilisation campaigns undertaken by the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) and political parties, ethnicity, community and language are still the most influencing factors in May 11 elections, according to a study published by Gilani Research Foundation on Thursday. The study shows that about half of Pakistanis (48%) want to vote on the basis of personalities, rather than parties. According to the study carried out by Gallup Pakistan, electorate views were divided on whether to vote for a personality (48%) or a party (51%). A nationally representative sample of men and women from the four provinces were asked, “In your opinion, should the vote be for the person or the party?” Responding to this, 48% opted for personalities while 51% opted for political party. However, 1% did not give any response. Results were fairly similar between rural and urban localities, with 49% of rural respondents saying that votes should be cast to personalities, while 46% of urban respondents said the same. However, there were differences in results between men and women, with 51% men responding well to personalities. Meanwhile, 44% women also voted in favour of personalities. The survey was carried out among a sample of 2,686 men and women in rural and urban areas of all four provinces of the country, during April 08 to April 15. Error margin was estimated to be approximately ± 2-3 percent at 95% confidence level. oNLINE

129% increase in feMale candidaTes conTesTinG elecTions: rePorT ISLAMABAD: Female politicians are moving towards elections with the hope of changing their future through the ballot box, as the country gears up for general elections. Figures released by the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) showed a 129.8% increase in the number of women candidates contesting on general seats since 2008 elections, reported a private news channel. Reserve seats for women have always been guaranteed by the constitution, due to which the number of quota seats have increased over the years due to the unwavering efforts of activists. The figures showed women representation on reserved seats to be standing at 22.5%, similar to the United Kingdom, and better than the US figure of 17.8%. Interestingly, the latest draft electoral rolls included 47.77 million men and only 36.59 million women. This year, two women from the Federally Administered Tribal Area (FATA) made history by announcing their participation in the forthcoming general elections. A noteworthy female candidate was Badam Zari, a 40-year-old housewife with no children. In early April, she announced on a private news channel that she would compete as an independent candidate. Previously, most women in parliament entered through reserved quota seats and their presence had greatly impacted the legislation process therein. It is pertinent to mention here that during the previous government’s tenure, a women’s parliamentary council was formed and a draft of pro-women laws was also introduced that criminalised forced marriage, acid crimes and harassment at workplace. App

police and other law enforcement agencies were maintain strict checking on the roads, setting up roadblocks in most parts of the capital city. PML-N candidate Tariq Fazal Chaudhry held a rally Bari Imam

while a major PTI rally, led by Havaid Hashmi, was held in D-Chowk. Jamat-e-Islami held its public gathering in the hockey ground in G7, whereas PPP-P rolled up its electoral campaign in Bara Kahu. According to statistics, a great

Ombudsmen ordinance reformed for speedy justice

part of the country’s vote bank exists in the rural areas, and the activity happening around the capital city provided robust images, as a larger number of youth passionately participated in political rallies.

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Federal Ombudsman Salman Farooqi on Thursday said that his office was committed to provide free and fair justice to people and strict actions would be taken against the investigation officers (IOs) who would not take decisions on merit. Chairing the inaugural ceremony of a workshop on Institutional Reforms introduced by Federal Ombudsman, he asked the officials to ensure instant justice to masses and address their grievances to restore their trust on government departments. The workshop aimed at apprising the officials on the Federal

Ombudsmen Institutional Reforms Ordinance 2013 and to clarify the ambiguities regarding the act. More than 50 IOs, staff members of federal and regional ombudsman offices participated in the workshop. Farooqi also asked all the ombudsmen to assert their authority and take suo moto action in the matters. He said they have taken notice of dally passports issuance and increasing number of measles cases in the country which were directly affecting common people. “Most of the people are not aware with the functions of ombudsman offices so it is our duty to create awareness and take steps for disseminating information as it is the only

way to get justice at the earliest,” he added. Elaborating salient points of the new act, no one can file an appeal against the decision of the ombudsman office, but under the new act, the provision has been provided and the ombudsman will hear appeal case himself. He further said the new act also gives contempt of court powers to the ombudsmen if their decisions were not implemented, adding that now people would be satisfied as they will be able to get results immediately. He said all these reforms had been introduced to facilitate people but now it was the duty of the concerned officers not to misuse their power and do their job with commitment.

As many as 150 inmates of the Central Jail Adiala have casted their votes through postal ballots in favour of the candidates from their respective constituencies. The inmates were given white papers by the returning officer having signatures and stamp of the RO. The candidates were asked to write the name of their concerned constituency and candidate of their choice and sign the paper.


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islaMabad Friday, 10 May, 2013

50 PollinG sTaTions wiThouT elecTriciTy RAWALPINDI INp The Punjab government has directed the district government to install emergency lights in polling stations for the upcoming elections. According to reports of Rawalpindi assistant commissioner, 50 polling stations in the district do not have electricity. Therefore, the provincial government has planned to provide generators on the stations. The Punjab government has sent Rs1 million to the district government for the installation of two lights per station and generators in the polling stations, while the district government has demanded Rs 2 million for the purpose. The district government has written to the provincial government either to allocate Rs 2 million for the task or order to install one emergency light per polling station.

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HE US Government, through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), has issued five educational scholarships to children affected by conflicts in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) earlier this week, says a press release issued on Thursday. Over the next three years, USAID will provide a total of 1,000 educational scholarships to support conflict victims. Armed conflict in Pakistan has claimed more than 15,000 lives since 2003, leaving scores of widowed women and orphaned children. To alleviate the impact of the conflicts on

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Contingents of Rangers, Elite Force and the Police will continue to hold Flag March in the capital today. As many as 20 companies of the army and six of Pakistan Rangers would be deployed to maintain peace on the Election Day in Rawalpindi, Jhelum, Chakwal and Attock. Over 1000 national volunteers will also perform election duties on May 11 in Rawalpindi district. Additionally 6,000 police

personnel have been recruited on a daily wage basis for three days to meet the shortage of manpower and assist the police. According to the spokesman of City District Government, the contingents of Pakistan Army and Rangers would also remain alert and standby to meet any kind of emergency however overall security responsibilities would be discharged by the police in the district. No one would be allowed to display arms and disturb the peaceful atmosphere, he said adding that strict action would be taken against the violators.

hec marks international Thalassemia day

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Thalassemia Awareness and Prevention in Pakistan (TAPP) on Thursday marked International Thalassemia Day in a ceremony held at Higher Education Commission (HEC) to promote awareness about this disease. The ceremony was arranged in collaboration with Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS), CDA Directorate Health Services and Wajeeha Thalassemia Centre Swat. TAPP President Ayesha Abid presented recommendations and requested HEC to formulate a policy ensuring compulsory blood screening including blood grouping and blood complete picture followed by test for Thalassemia, if required. Subsequently the students, who are Thalassemia carriers, may be counseled and advised family screening. She also requested for undertaking

research on Thalassemia at HEC recognised universities and a survey to update existing statistics of Thalassemia carriers in general population and as well as in index families. Speaking on the occasion, HEC Executive Director Prof Dr Mukhtar Ahmed appreciated the efforts of the organisers for creating awareness on this important disease. He assured that HEC would take up these recommendations with the vice chancellors and university FM radio channels would be utilised to create awareness on Thalassemia among the students and community. CDA Directorate of Health Services Director Dr Hasan Orooj extended all its support and commitment for Thalassemia. He added that the DHS was ready to support the awareness component through the DHS headquarters and its allied medical centers and he also declared Islamabad as Thalassemia friendly city.

communities, USAID, through its three-year $25 million Conflict Victims Support Program is working to provide a wide range of support for individuals, families and communities suffering

losses from conflict-related violence. This support includes educational scholarships to the children who have lost family members to conflicts. “I can now finally have peace of mind. I want

my children to have a better life than mine and that can only happen with education,” said the mother of one of the scholarship recipients at a ceremony in Islamabad. The program will collaborate with Pakistan’s telecom sector to utilise Mobile Financial Services in the disbursement of scholarship funding to conflict victims. “The USAID Conflict Victims Support Program will use this alternative service to reach out to beneficiaries who have limited or no access to banks,” said Adnan Sher, party chief for the USAID-funded program. “The program will deposit scholarships to the mobile accounts of the students, or their guardians, which will be used to complete their scholarship transaction with the utmost transparency.”


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Any dictator would admire the uniformity and obedience of the US media. – Noam Chomsky

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T least seven people have been killed when a fire swept through a garment factory in an industrial district of the Bangladeshi capital Dhaka, police and an industry association official said. Thursday’s fire, which broke out overnight in the Mirpur area, occurred two weeks after more than 900 people were killed in a factory collapse outside the city. "It is not clear to us how the accident happened, but we are trying to find out the cause," Mohammad Atiqul Islam, president of the Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association, told Reuters. The fire broke out at a factory belonging to the Tung Hai Group, a large garment exporter, after most workers had gone home, police said. The owner of the factory was among the victims, but there were no workers among the casualties as there was no overnight production, police and fire service officials said. "It was a big fire but we managed to confine it on one floor," Mahbubur Rahman, operations director of the nation's fire service department, said. He said the victims died of suffocation after rushing into a stairwell and becoming overwhelmed by "toxic smoke from burnt

acrylic clothing." Local police chief Khalilur Rahman said the fire killed eight people including the owner, his four staff, a senior police officer, and a low-level police official. On Wednesday the Bangladesh government said it had shut down 18 garment factories for safety reasons following the April 24 collapse of Rana Plaza, which housed five garment factories making clothes for Western brands. The number of dead in the Rana Plaza collapse, which was the worst garment manufacturing disaster in the world, has now passed 900, according to the army. Garment workers held protests calling for the building owner Mohammed Sohel Rana to be hanged. Rana was arrested from near the Indian border. There are allegations that Rana and other building managers forced workers back into the factory shortly before it collapsed, despite warnings that it was unsafe. The authorities have now started disbursing salaries and other benefits to survivors of the collapse. On Wednesday, the European Union's delegation to Bangladesh urged the government to "act immediately" to improve working conditions. Bangladesh's garment industry, which accounts for 80 percent of the South Asian country's exports, has seen a series of deadly accidents, including a fire in November that killed 112 people.

BANGLADESH ISLAMIST SENTENCED TO HANG FOR WAR KILLINGS DHAKA: A war crimes court sentenced a top Bangladeshi Islamist to death on Thursday for masterminding the slaughter of at least 120 farmers in one of the bloodiest single episodes of the 1971 independence war. In a ruling likely to further fuel tensions between the secular government and religious hardliners, a special tribunal found Mohammad Kamaruzzaman guilty of mass killing, torture, abduction and crimes against humanity. He would “be hanged by the neck till death”, presiding judge Obaidul Hassan told a packed courtroom in the capital Dhaka. The 61year-old Kamaruzzaman, who is the assistant secretary general of the opposition Jamaat-e-Islami party, was the fourth person to be convicted by the much-criticised International Crimes Tribunal and the third senior politician. As the verdict was announced, he could be heard condemning it as the “wrong judgement” from his seat in the dock. Previous verdicts by the tribunal have sparked widespread violence on the streets of a country that has a 90 per cent Muslim population. Hundreds of secular protesters who had gathered at a central Dhaka intersection for news of

the verdict greeted the announcement with loud cheers. “Because of his heinous role, many people were murdered and many women were raped,” Attorney General Mahbubey Alam told AFP outside the courthouse. “The nation has got justice today.”Prosecutors said Kamaruzzaman was a “chief organiser” of Al Badr, a notorious pro-Pakistani militia accused of killing thousands of people in the nine-month war, which saw what was then East Pakistan split from Islamabad. The genocide charge against Kamaruzzaman stems from the killing of at least 120 unarmed Bangladeshi farmers in the remote northern village of Sohagpur, which has since become known as the “Village of the Widows”. Three of the widows testified against Kamaruzzaman at his trial in which the prosecution detailed how the then 19year-old led Pakistani troops to the village. The soldiers then marched the farmers to paddy fields, forced them to stand in a line and proceeded to gun them down en masse. Mohammad Jalal Uddin, a farmer who lost seven members of his extended family in the killing, was delighted at the verdict. “I

us nun convicted over nuclear site break-in

assad cannoT be ParT of syria soluTion: kerry WASHINGTON: John Kerry, the US secretary of state, has said Syrian President Bashar al-Assad will have to step down as part of any political solution in Syria. Kerry made the comments on Thursday in Rome while meeting his Jordanian counterpart, Nasser Judeh, during the third day of talks on the nearly two-year conflict. He said all sides were working to "effect a transition government by mutual consent of both sides, which clearly means that in our judgement President Assad will not be a component of that transitional government". Kerry also officially unveiled $100m in additional US humanitarian aid for Syrian refugees, almost half of which will go to help Jordan struggling to cope with a tide of people fleeing the 26-month war. About 2,000 people are flooding across the border into Jordan every day, and the country now hosts nearly 525,000 refugees, Judeh said at the start of the talks in Rome. "We have 10 percent of our population today, in the form of Syrian refugees. It is expected to rise to about 20 to 25 percent given the current rates by the end of this year, and possibly to about 40 percent by the middle of 2014," he said. INTERNATIONAL CONfERENCE: Plans for an international conference to try to find a solution to the crisis were also continuing, Kerry said, after he agreed in talks in Moscow that he and Sergei Lavrov, the Russian foreign minister, would work in tandem on the issue. He had spoken with most of the foreign ministers from the countries involved and there is a "very positive response and a very strong desire to move to this conference and to try to find, at least exhaust the possibilities of finding, a political way forward". AGENCIES

lost my father, uncle and other relatives. Their crime was to have taken part in training to join the freedom fight,” said Uddin, who was a student at the time. “My mother and aunt died without getting justice, but at least I’ve seen justice,” Uddin, who heads the village’s welfare society for widows, told AFP by phone. “We still have 37 widows in the village.”Defence lawyers rejected the charges as baseless, saying the chance to prove their client innocent was severely curtailed as the court only allowed five witnesses to testify for Kamaruzzaman. “He was just a lad during the war. It’s a ridiculous suggestion that a 19-year-old could control the Pakistani army,” chief defence counsel Abdur Razzaq told AFP. The latest verdict came days after at least 38 people were killed in clashes between security forces and Islamists who are demanding a new blasphemy law. The secular government led by Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has insisted that it will not bow to their demands. Around 150 people have now been killed since the first verdict on January 21 when an Islamic TV preacher was sentenced to death.

NEW YORk AGENCIES

An elderly nun and two other peace activists have been convicted by a US federal jury for damage they caused after they broke into a defence facility where enriched uranium used in nuclear bombs was stored. Sister Megan Rice, who was 82 at the time of the incident, Michael Walli and Greg Boertje-Obed admitted cutting fences and making their way across the Y-12 National Security Complex in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, in July 2012, embarrassing US officials and prompting security changes. Rice stood up straight and smiled when the verdict was read after two-and-a-half hours of jury deliberation. Supporters of the three gasped and some began to cry before singing a hymn as the judge left the courtroom. All three were convicted of damaging a national defence premises under the sabotage act, which carries a prison sentence of up to 20 years, and of causing more than $1,000 of damage to US government property, which is punishable by up to 10 years in prison. They were detained overnight and will appear at a detention hearing on Thursday. The activists admitted cutting several fences, walking through the complex for hours, spray-painting slogans and hammering on the walls of the facility.

NEW DELHI: Chandravati, 30, holds trousers belonging to her three-year-old daughter Muskaan who went missing in 2010. So far this year 725 children in Delhi have been reported missing. AGENCIES

UN decries rising poverty in east Jerusalem UNITED NATIONS AGENCIES

Israeli "segregation policies" have caused deep economic isolation and left more than 80 percent of Palestian children in east Jerusalem wallowing in poverty, the UN said in a report. "Palestinian poverty in Jerusalem has risen steadily over the last decade," the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) said in a statement on Thursday. A full 82 percent of Palestinian children in east Jerusalem lived in poverty in 2010, a figure that fell to 45 percent of Israeli children in the same area, according to the organisation. The findings echoed a report issued by an Israeli human rights group earlier this week lamenting that the city's Palestinian residents were suffering the "worst (poverty) rate of all time." The soaring poverty levels among Palestinians were closely linked to the city's increasing economic isolation,

UNCTAD said, maintaining that "segregation policies" including the building of Israeli separation barrier had left it "integrated neither into the Palestinian economy nor into the Israeli economy." Israel insists the barrier is needed for security reasons, but it has met broad international condemnation for carving off large segments of the West Bank, splitting families, separating farmers from their land and slicing east Jerusalem off from their hoped-for future state. DISCRIMINATORY POLICIES The barrier has caused direct losses to east Jerusalem's economy of more than $1.0 billion, the UNCTAD report said, adding that the wall continues to cost the city's economy around $200 million a year in lost trade and employment opportunities. The report authors pointed out that isolation alone did not explain the spread of poverty among Palestinians

in east Jerusalem, pointing to discriminatory policies and the different legal status of the city's Palestinian dwellers compared to Israeli settlers there and other Palestinians. This "implies a host of further impediments, especially with regard to housing, employment, taxation," the report said, pointing out by way of example that Palestinians there "pay high municipal taxes in return for poor services and disproportionately low public expenditures." UNCTAD chastised Israel for not doing enough to meet its obligations as an occupying power, urging the country to act "with vigour to improve economic conditions in east Jerusalem and the well-being of Palestinian residents." It also called for an end to "settlement activities and the occupation of east Jerusalem in line with United Nations resolutions." Israel captured the Arab eastern part of Jerusalem during the 1967 Six-Day War and later annexed it in a move that has never been recognised by the international community.


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ihc warns of contempt proceedings against officials in missing person case ISLAMABAD App

Hearing a missing person’s case, a singlemember bench of the Islamabad High Court (IHC) on Thursday observed that the court may initiate contempt proceedings against the responsible officials if the person was not produced on May 15. Justice Shaukat Aziz Siddiqui observed this while hearing the case of a missing person filed by Rashida Amir for recovery of her husband Amir Ahmed. The court has ordered a number of times for recovery of the missing person but he did not produce so far, the judge remarked. Wajeehullah, counsel for the petitioner, apprised the bench that Amir had been missing for three years. He requested the court to order the authorities concerned to recover Amir as soon as possible. Deputy Attorney General Tarqi Mahmood appeared and sought time for producing the missing person Amir Ahmed till next date of hearing. The court accepted the request and adjourned the matter till May 15. In earlier hearing on Wednesday, the court had directed the Additional Advocate General of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to produce the missing person on Thursday. KP Additional Advocate General Akhter Naveed apprised the bench that the KP government has arrested Amir Ahmed and kept him in interment centre.

Govt won’t punish constitution’s abrogators: sc AG sAys AbroGAtinG constitution An incident of the pAst ISLAMABAD oNLINE

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HE government has made it clear that it will not punish the abrogators of the constitution and the courts do not want to put anyone to trial, Justice Jawwad S Khwaja has said. He gave these remarks while presiding over a three-member bench hearing the treason case against former president Pervez Musharraf on Thursday. Musharraf’s reply was placed before the court whereby he had expressed his reservations with regards to formation of the bench and declared the arguments given by his three lawyers correct. He requested the court to pursue the constitu-

tional points mentioned in the applications if any dispute arose. Ahmad Raza Kasuri argued that the November 3 step was an affidavit and it was sent from the prime minister and the cabinet, adding that the president issued the orders on the summary of the prime minister. He said Musharraf neither abrogated the constitution nor any martial law was imposed. “The court should give a decision without influencing the arguments of anyone. The review petition has also been dismissed. The court has given protection to the orders and decisions of Abdul Hamid Dogar in the Sindh High Court bar case.” Justice Khwaja said, “You had said that Musharraf was not party in the case then what dispute lies between the parties?” Kasuri said, “This decision is part of the past now and it cannot be applied to this case. No discriminatory decisions can be given against fundamental rights.” He said the matter of abrogation of the

constitution should be started from March 23, 1956 and if proceedings were initiated with regards to the steps taken on November 3, 2007 then the court would have to take an action against all. “Whosoever abrogated the constitution and held it in abeyance all should be proceeded against. That includes judges, politicians, officers from armed forces and other people.” Kasuri said if any judge had taken oath under the PCO, he should immediately resign from his office by demonstrating moral courage. “Whoever took an oath under the PCO and has performed function under this system, he will have to be proceeded against under Article 6 and he will have to resign.” He said the court was not authorised to take action against the army chief under Article 199(3) and any application in this respect could not be filed directly under Section 184(3), therefore, the applications be dismissed with fine. The attorney general (AG) said, “I have to play the role of a bridge between

the federation and the court. The court has to play a neutral role.” Justice Khwaja said, “Elections are going to be held or otherwise.” The AG said, “The federation is not God. All the arrangements have been made and elections will take place in time.” Addressing the AG, Justice Khwaja said “Tell us the stance of the federation.” The AG said “The federation does not want to become a party in this matter. This is political matter and if the caretaker government does anything, its transparency will be affected.” Justice Khilji said, “What obstacle is there that the caretaker government cannot give an order to the Interior Ministry to initiate proceedings under Article 6?” The AG said, “If the caretaker government takes any action in this respect in the prevailing situation then its transparency will be questioned. Several characters are involved in this case.” Later, the hearing of the case was adjourned until May 20.

Mr cJP, only President Zardari brought you back, says Malik

LAHORE: Former interior minister Rehman Malik on Thursday demanded that Chief Justice Iftikhar Mohammad Chaudhry take a suo motto notice of the Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz (PML-N) political advertisement where the chief justice was shown alongside party chief Nawaz Sharif. Addressing a press conference‚ Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) Rehman Malik said that the chief justice was restored under the sole authority of President Asif Ali Zardari but the contents of the advertisement gave credit to PML-N chief for arranging a public rally for his restoration. Malik said that it was a gross violation of the election campaign rules and it was made to gain political mileage. He further said the advertisement gave the impression that that judiciary was supporting PML-N. oNLINE

RAWALPINDI: An Election Commission employee seals election material in bags before handing it over to the returning officers on Thursday. INp

Us drones are a mess ethically, morally and legally: eU parliament BRUSSELS oNLINE

Speakers at a meeting of the European Parliament on Thursday lashed out at US drone strikes in Pakistan and termed them illegal. They further said that drone strikes were counter-productive to security objectives. According to details, British Member of the European Parliament, Sajjad Karim said, "US drone killings in Pakistan casts an even darker shadow with the Pakistani government explicitly stating that they did not give consent for the attacks. And it is telling that a nation as great as the USA was not here to make clear its opposition.” Pakistan's Ambassador to the EU Munawar Bhatti expressed his country's

opposition to the drone strikes. "We are opposed to the drone strikes and we have consistently condemned the drone attacks .We regard the drone strikes as illegal in international law, counter productive and a violation of Pakistan’s sovereignty and integrity," he said. Bhatti noted that the drone strikes caused collateral damage and incited a feeling of revenge among innocent victims against the US which further exacerbated the problem. Another British Member of the European Parliament Baroness Sarah Ludford

pointed out the EU had rejected the US legal justification that drone strikes were a part of the War on Terror. "It is not drones in themselves; it is weaponised drones which are the problem,” she said. There are legitimate uses for drones in other circumstances," she added. The deputy director of international

NGO Reprieve Hilary Stauffer said that at least 4,700 people had been killed including only 4 percent of "high-level militants" by US drone strikes. 76 countries possess drone technology; 10 countries, including some EU member states, use armed drones and 4 countries were developing indigenous technology including Iran, North Korea, she noted. Stauffer called on the EU to develop a united position on drone because if the failed to do so, the US would continue to make up its own rules and the rest of the world would “have to pay the consequences." The use of armed drones "is a mess, ethically, morally, legally," she stressed.


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all measures for peaceful polls completed: habib LAHORE oNLINE

Caretaker Interior Minister Malik Habib on Thursday said the government had completed preparations for the peaceful conduct of general elections on May 11, adding that people should come out of their houses to vote on the day as the government will be there to protect them. Talking to reporters after paying a visit to the Rangers Headquarters in Lahore, the interior minister said Pakistan was passing through a historic moment now as it was the first time that the power was being transferred from one civilian government to another civilian government. “The government has accomplished all the measures for peaceful elections with the Pakistan Army remaining on alert to provide full assistance, advocating the people to partake in the voting to prove that they will not capitulate to the terrorists.” Habib expressed grief over the injury to Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf Chairman Imran Khan in his Tuesday’s collapse from a lifter while being raised to the rally stage and prayed for his early recuperation. Separately, Habib called on Punjab Governor Ahmed Mehmood and discussed with him the overall political and security situation of the country. Habib apprised the governor that all important security steps were being taken by the government for upcoming polls. He said the government had increased cooperation with those provincial governments where terror activities were on the rise to avoid further attacks. He said the army and the Rangers would be deployed at sensitive places when needed.

PoliTical Process Good oMen for faTa 339 cAndidAtes Are contestinG for 12 nAtionAl AsseMbly seAts PESHAWAR ShAmIm ShAhID

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ATEST steps and reforms taken by the government are leading the Federally Administrative Tribal Areas (FATA) to positive changes. By allowing political forces to field candidates to contest polls in FATA, people from both Sunni and Shia sects are now supporting candidates irrespective of their faith and belief. For so long, people from FATA were not allowed to vote, but in 1996 then president Farooq Ahmad Khan Leghari through a presidential order promulgated a law, allowing FATA inhabitants to vote. Whereas President Asif Zardari through another presidential order extended the Political Parties Act to FATA. This historic order has been praised by people from all across the world. Getting benefits of the act, politically

Most positive developMent is reconciliAtion between shiAs And sunnis

motivated tribesmen have got a chance to contest polls with party symbols. A maximum number of candidates have registered their nomination papers from FATA. As many as 339 are contesting for 12 National Assembly seats from FATA. Except two constituencies, each constituency has more than 20 candidates. The most interesting and positive development in 2013 general elections is the reconciliation between Shias and Sunnis in FATA. Since early 90s, people from both Kurram and Orakzai agencies were engaged in sectarian hostilities in which thousands of people lost their lives. Sectarian violence surged during 2008 general elections when as many as 300 people were killed in terrorism. With commencing of existing trends of violence and militancy, sectarian violence took another turn. In fact, various groups of banned Tehreek Taliban Pakistan (TTP) are either directly

engaged in sectarian violence or supporting those involved in killing. Violence against Shias escalated leading to their isolation in Shia-dominated areas of Kurram and Orakzai agencies. Similar was the situation in adjoining Hangu and Kohat districts, whereas the authorities have already made the atmosphere conducive in Dera Ismail Khan and Peshawar. However, target killing of Shias continued unabated across K h y b e r Pakhtunkhwa. In the past, Shia and Sunni tribesmen have contested polls or casted votes in elections on sectarian grounds. But this time the contest is different. A number of political parties have fielded their workers and stalwarts from the National Assem-

bly seats. In Upper Kurram Agency, 80 percent of people are Shias and rest of 20 percent are Sunnis, whereas in Lower Kurram, Sunnis are in a majority. Hamid Hussain Turi is considered prominent amongst the politically motivated tribesmen. He is contesting polls on a Pakistan People’s Party ticket from NA-37. He is facing a number of rivals, including Hafeezullah of Pakistan Te h r e e k - e - I n s a f . Hamid is a Shia whereas Hafeezullah is a Sunni. Both claim to enjoy the support of people from both sects, which is not only unique but could bring peace to the region. The extension of Political Parties Act to FATA is praised by leaders of all political parties. They are also considering it a milestone in tribal area’s history.

us seeking 9 military bases in afghanistan: karzai kABUL INp

The United States has demanded nine permanent military bases in Afghanistan, something that has long fuelled concerns among regional countries, President Hamid Karzai said on Thursday. In the Bilateral Security Agreement (BSA) being negotiated between the allies, the president said, “The US insists on its demands and interests and we have stick to our own.” Addressing a gathering at the Kabul University, he said Washington had sought military bases in Jalalabad, Bagram, Mazar-i-Sharif, Kabul, Gardez, Kandahar, Helmand and Herat provinces. Given the fact that Afghanistan was going through a critical phase of history, his administration was doing its bit to exercise caution in taking important decisions, Karzai added.

QUETTA: Shops are closed during a shutter down strike on the call of Baloch National front on Thursday. INp

swabi in the grip of smaller groups PESHAWAR ShAmIm ShAhID

Unlike other parts of the country, in Swabi national and provincial level parties are being challenged by smaller groups, having influence in this particular area. At least, three small political groups exist in Swabi. One of these groups has a meager existence in one of provincial assembly constituencies. These groups are the Awami Jamhoori Ittehad, the Swabi Qaumi Mahaz and the Pakistan Patriotic Party. In early 20th century, Swabi resident Sahibzada Abdul Qayoom Khan, pioneer of modern education, laid the foundation stone of Islamia College Peshawar in 1913. The college had played a key role in promotion of educational activities throughout Pakistan and Afghanistan. Khan was elected to provincial assembly in 1938 from Haripur and became the chief minister of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (then NWFP). Swabi also

produced politicians like late Khan Bahadur Abdul Ghafoor Khan. He was elected to the provincial assembly in 1932. He was the father of late Colonel Abdul Rahim Khan who had served Pakistan as its first representative to the UN in 1947-48. Abdul Rahim Khan was maternal grandfather of late president Sardar Farooq Ahmad Khan Leghari. Khan Fateh Muhammad Khan, who was a federal minister during Pakistan's first days, also belonged to Swabi. Late Ghulam Ghaus Hazarvi, late Khan Abdul Qayoom Khan, late Manfaat

Khan Baba, Abdul Aziz Khan, Firdaus Khan, Wabaab Khan and several others were elected from Swabi. A large number of freedom fighters who remained in late Bacha Khan's Khudayee Khidmatgaar Tehreek also belonged to Swabi. Late Sahibzada Imtiaz and Javed Iqbal Khan are considered amongst top bureaucrats. Javed Iqbal is Punjab chief secretary. His father late Khan Muhammad Ajab Khan had served former princely Swat State as Hakim Saib, a very prestigious post. Two top generals, General Bahadar Sher Khan and General Sher Bahadar Khan also

belonged to Swabi. Due to its agricultural and economic importance, Swabi remains very rich and fertile in politics. Swabi people played a key role in nationalist, progressive and religious politics. In current election campaign, leaders of newly-established political forces are utilising various options and resources for mustering support of electorates. Both Swabi Qaumi Mahaz and Awami Jamhoori Ittehad have signed an electoral alliance. Swabi Qaumi Mahaz was established by late Dr Muhammad Salim Khan after his revolt against ANP leadership whereas Awami Jamhoori Ittehad was established by Liaqat Khan. The stalwarts of Qaumi Watan Party entered into seat adjustment with Fazalur Rehman's JUI-F. The JI leaders succeeded in an alliance with JUI(S) and Jumaat Ishaat Wa Tauheed, commonly known as Panjpeeris. All these alliances aimed at blocking ANP candidates. Beside using religious and nationalist slogans, the Awami Jamhoori Ittehad

leaders are known for pleasing people both with cash and kinds. They are making attractive offers of fresh currency notes, motorbikes and even motorcars. It was learnt that they also fixed returns for hoisting of flags, pasting of posters and banners and arranging of receptions and corner meetings. In some of the villages, they are also distributing cooked rice and food as earlier distributed amongst the IDPs. Whatever might be strategy and policies on the part of leaders and candidates of three different alliances, but it seems that results of upcoming general elections will not be different from previous polls. Since 1988, the ANP proved itself as a strong political force of Swabi. Even in 2008 general elections, there was complete alliance against ANP but it got one out of two national and four of six provincial assembly seats. Whereas now the situation is quite different as people have realised blunder of helping in defeat of ANP chief Asfandyar Wali Khan.


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A vote is like a rifle: its usefulness depends upon the character of the user. –Theodore Roosevelt

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young Gilani kidnapped

will elections make a difference? A lot will remain the same

the elections must go on, and so must the investigation and efforts for his recovery

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T seems the country’s seemingly divided voters, the rightists and the leftists, are being affected by the extremists, but in an entirely different manner. While the leftists have been threatened, and actually attacked many times, on continuing their political activities, the militants took no such action against the rightists, except for an attack or two on the JUI-F rallies. With three of relatively secular, centre-left parties under consistent attacks from the terrorists, who are targeting them specifically for having liberal ideology, the election pitch was already queered to one side. The threat of terrorism and the threat of losing either their leaders or political workers have kept these parties, the PPP, ANP and MQM, indoors with their political campaigns being almost non-existent, thus giving an undue advantage to the centre, centre-right and right parties in the election campaign. The situation has, however, taken an ugly turn, one that the liberal parties feared and the one that could throw the elections on a rocky road. Ali Haider Gilani, son of former Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gilani, was attacked and kidnapped in Multan yesterday while he was going to attend a rally as part of his campaign for PP-200 on a PPP ticket. As the reports say, two gunmen opened fire, killing his driver and personal secretary and probably injuring him, as the eyewitnesses have said. They then proceeded to kidnap him and fled the scene. If that is really how the events unfurled, there are a number of questions that need answers. Why did the city administration not provide security when they knew that high profile candidates were an obvious target of such heinous activities? Law and order is the responsibility of the provincial government and with the militants having made their intentions known, why did the government not take any measures in providing security to the candidates of the parties that were on the top of terrorists’ hit list? Political campaigning is as much their right as is it of the parties that the terrorists are sympathetic to. The failure to provide a safe environment to the candidates, whatever ideology they belong to, is a combined failure of the law enforcement agencies, government and the ECP. Religious intolerance is rapidly making inroads into the country’s social and political ethos. If this took hold of the situation, it would work faster than a catalyst in bringing down what the society has so far achieved in almost all aspects. Gilanis are an influential family in Multan, and their plight is understandable when one reads about their reaction – “there would be no elections in Multan if young Gilani is not recovered” – but that is a path no one should go down on. Now is the time to be even more careful and responsible, not to make a volatile situation even worse. On their part, the police and other law enforcement agencies must take immediate action to recover young Gilani, for his injury could make things worse with every passing minute.

elections amidst terror A tribute to the people for the struggle for democracy

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HERE is much to praise about the people of Pakistan and the political parties contesting the elections as they are set to cast their votes and put themselves to the public test tomorrow. Not only are Punjab and Sindh looking forward to going to the polls, the valiant people of the tribal areas of Pakistan, located in the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan heartlands, shall be looking towards casting their ballots with much changing in terms of local dynamics. It is of course given that the reign of terror imposed by the TTP has continued, but its ultimate aim to derail the elections has appeared to have failed due to the resilience of the people and political parties. Wednesday, with two days to go to the elections, saw a number of blasts and gun battles. Three people were killed in Peshawar in a gun battle between militants and police, two ANP activists were killed in Bajaur attack, at least 20 people were injured in another blast in Karachi and four people were killed in blasts in Hangu and Bajaur. Whatever we say of the rest of the Pakistani people, it is the people of the tribal areas that deserve special mention for creatively challenging the Taliban. South Waziristan has taken to reviving tradition and culture in election campaigns by introducing the rhythm of the Attan, the traditional Pashtun dance, during the campaign season. The dance was ‘discouraged’ by the Taliban when they emerged as a force during the early 2000s. The elections have offered another spectacle in WANA, where candidates often lead their processions on horseback, accompanied by thousands of supporters, most of whom travel by foot. Some supporters even ride camels draped in the party’s flag and colours. The rallies continue from village to village without fear despite rocket attacks on some candidates. People today are not asking who is the next candidate to be targeted but rather who shall they vote for. A civil society group in Waziristan has presented a collective charter of demands to the contestants. In Bajaur, women will be allowed to vote for the first time, through an agreement between ulema and political parties. The election has allowed the ground on which politics is based to change and open new avenues for people to articulate their demands and ask for their rights. Security may still be one of the biggest concerns on the elections day but it is the fervor of the people of Pakistan, including the PTI supporters rushing to D-Chowk in Islamabad to attend Imran Khan’s after-injury speech that shall hopefully overshadow fear on May 11. A new election brings a new ray of hope, only possible due to the resilience of both the people of Pakistan and political parties under the siege of militants. It is hoped this will not change.

Dedicated to the legacy of the late Hameed Nizami

Aziz-ud-Din Ahmad Editor Lahore – Ph: 042-36375963-5 Fax: 042-32535230 Karachi – Ph: 021-35381208-9 Fax: 021-35381208 Islamabad – Ph: 051-2287273 Fax: 051-2850505 Web: www.pakistantoday.com.pk Email: editorial@pakistantoday.com.pk

AZIZ-UD-DIN AhmAD

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OMORROW Pakistan will hold one of its most controversial elections. The irony is that this would happen under the country’s first independent and powerful election commission and a consensus caretaker setup. The PPP, the ANP and the MQM have been “debarred” by the TTP from elections. Several deadly terrorist attacks on their rallies and candidates have seriously limited the ability of these parties to approach the voters. Whatever their failures, only the voters had the right to pass a judgment on their performance rather than a band of outlaws operating from the tribal areas. There will be change in the country after the elections though it is likely to be small. What matters is how significant it is going to be. Imran Khan’s sudden burst on the center-stage of politics from nowhere is a warning to the old guard – whether secular, conservative or religious – to be more honest and responsive than they have been. There is a widespread awakening in the middle class. A whole lot of otherwise apolitical youth has been galvanized into political action. How many of them will retain their interest in politics in the days to come remains to be seen. Will they continue to focus only on issues like due importance to merit, gender equality, opposition to dynastic leadership at all levels and an equal opportunity to compete? Or will they also embrace the matters near to the heart of the toiling masses that include eradication of poverty, better education and health facilities, adequate housing and jobs? In other words will the youth remain tied to the ideals of liberal democracy or take a turn to the left? A lot will remain the same. The old political families which have all

Editor’s mail

along sustained the status quo are fairly represented in all the parties, including the ones clamouring for change and revolution. Well known Musharraf loyalists are contesting on the tickets of all major parties. What is more no party has a programme which makes the slightest departure from the neo-liberal version of the free market economy. The panacea to all economic ills is to privatise and deregulate every state enterprise. There is no talk about a viable and comprehensive social security net for the most vulnerable sections of society. None is willing to reduce the defence spending or put an end to land grants to those in uniform. The toiling masses have no effective role in the elections. For one they are so deeply absorbed in relentless fight for survival, which requires that they devote their entre energy to make both ends meet. The working class is reeling under the impact of the neo-liberal policies and the domestic economic slowdown. The trade union movement has consequently weakened. In rural areas, the creative energy of millions of landless or poor peasants remains unutilised due to the uneven distribution of land. Only land reforms, which are not on the agenda of any party, can put their hidden potential to use. The key interests of the downtrodden masses find little reflection in the manifestos of major parties. The common man thus will continue to be treated roughly till he develops awareness and is organized to fight for his rights. The day of the left has yet to come. A fledgling Awami Workers Party which was born six months back has got into the election fray at a time when it was still in its formative process. How many of its half a dozen candidates manage to gather a respectable number of votes is anybody’s guess. To start with, those who come to power could at least bring down the incidence of corruption, buy off the circulatory debt and improve the law and order. This is what the PML-N and the PTI both have promised. The only difference is in their timelines. At this stage even a modicum of adherence to the rule of law and good governance would come as a relief. Both the PML-N and PTI want to bring the TTP to the negotiating table. This is what the ANP was forced to do in Swat with the result that the Swati Taliban used the lull in military oper-

ation to strengthen their position. Once this had been achieved they went back on their promises of peace despite the reestablishment of Sharia courts demanded by them. The TTP thinking regarding peace can be gauged from the pronouncements of its chief. Hakimullah Mehsud’s video message released last month should act as an eye-opener to those who want to resolve the issue through talks. Mehsud summarised his network’s stand in three plain sentences. The TTP, he said, is fighting against democracy which is a system of the infidels. It wants to enforce shariah which is possible only through waging jihad. A time will come when the Muslims will establish the Caliphate on the surface of earth. Hopefully the new government would be able to end the targeting of the Baloch and the Hazara as well as the settlers in Balochistan. Further, it would improve ties with India, which is on the agenda of both the PML-N and the PTI. Some of the vital domestic issues and foreign policy matters continue to remain in the army’s domain. These include policies regarding Balochistan, dealings with the terrorist groups as well as relations with the US, India and Afghanistan. Whichever government comes to power will have to retrieve the turf lost to the army. The civilian government’s authority over the military has to be established to further strengthen democracy. The last government fortified democracy by restoring the constitution to its original position, extended provincial autonomy and the share of the smaller provinces in divisible pool. The PPP introduced a consensus NFC Award. There were no political prisoners and the media was free. While the PTI has been silent on the issue of civil- army relations, the PML-N has taken an unambiguous stand on the matter. In an interview with the Indian journalist Karan Thapar, Nawaz Sharif vowed to make the military establishment subservient to the civilian government, hold an enquiry into the Kargil misadventure, initiate Musharraf’s trial on treason and bring relations with India to the high trajectory of February 1999. Hopefully this would be done with the support of the parliament rather than arbitrary actions. The writer is a political analyst and a former academic.

Send your letters to: Letters to Editor, Pakistan Today, 4-Shaarey Fatima Jinnah, Lahore, Pakistan. Fax: +92-42-32535230 E-mail: letters@pakistantoday.com.pk Letters should be addressed to Pakistan Today exclusively

a journey from dictator to a leader According to International Monetary Fund (IMF), Pakistan was the third highest growing economy after China and India in Musharraf’s era. Other indicators include a drastic decrease in poverty, growths in CNG fuel, information technology and telecommunication sectors. Musharraf even played a significant role in transforming the infrastructure of this country. Four dams (Subakzai, Gomalzam, Khurram and Tangi) were constructed during his period. He initiated the plans to work on seven motorways in different areas of Pakistan; some were completed during his period and others remained under construction. Advanced Gwadar port, Kachi Canal Project, Lyari Expressway and a 650km long coastal highway are also among the many achievements of Musharraf’s period. Media enjoyed the liberation during his era. I think it’s unfair to stop Musharraf from contesting the elections. To conduct free and fair elections, everyone should get a chance.

OMAIMA KHALID Karachi

a good act A bill to facilitate reproductive healthcare and health rights have been approved by the national assembly giving a hope to the country to equally access basic reproductive and health facilities. This is no doubt a welcoming step to promote and protect these rights in accordance with the Constitution and international commitments made by the Government of Pakistan. With the effective implementation of the approved bill, everyone would have access to information related to reproductive rights and responsibilities within a gender perspective free from stereotyped and discriminatory practices. These interventions would surely be beneficial especially for younger generation as this information will improve their knowledge of modern contraceptives to reduce chances of infecting with various diseases. Now, government departments and media should play their roles in translating these words into reality for the promotion of basic youth rights in the country. AMINA SARWAR Islamabad


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The limits of interpretation Are there limits on how a piece of literature can be interpreted?

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that has been fined Rs5.5 billion by the Competition Commission of Pakistan (CCP) for raising the prices by 86% in 2010 thus exploiting the already impoverished peasantry that stands for the masses in Pakistan. Not to forget that during the said year Asad Omer, proverbial chief policy maker of the new middle class, was the CEO of Engro Fertilizer. Such is the nature of exploitive system the new middle class itself is a part of. So called political awakening of the New Middle Class is nothing but vying for its own piece of the pie in political arena. Hamza Alavi has described it as: ‘positions in the oligarchy are of crucial importance, especially for aspiring educated middle class groups; and their political demands are focused on shares of positions in the oligarchy.” For the very reason religious nationalism, which has been propagated by the state as its raison d’être, is being invoked by the leaders of the new middle class to peddle the state sanctioned discourse. For the very reason, the terrorism, nemesis of the people of Pakistan, is being downplayed and obfuscated by its leaders since it outrightly manifests the failure of the state itself. For the very reason, the main election battle is being portrayed by the corporate media, which itself is an emerging stakeholder, as between the two Middle Class political parties in Punjab, which are vying for the same space and essentially stand for the same ideals despite the superficial contradictory interests. For the very reason, the change mantra is unfounded and unsubstantiated. It may feel somewhat gratuitous to judge the new middle class of Pakistan against the standards of the European bourgeoisie of 19th century, but the rationale was to highlight how the change warrants downright groundbreaking approach towards things and not just the mimicking. ‘Change’ stems from questioning socially accepted stereotypes, challenging dogmas widely taken at face value, calling into question the state propagated lies and even the very structure of the state itself. From reformation to iconoclasm, the process may take many shapes but this is the only way to get to changing things. All told, it would be unwise to suggest that the middle class is ready as yet for this momentous undertaking.

N presenting the current age as one of criticism as opposed to creation, one may overlook the advancements made in the sphere of literary theory. With insights provided by new developments in psychology, linguistic theory, anthropology and cultural history, the new age critic has demonstrated the evocative power of written language. NADIA KhAWAjA The interplay of words, imagery and symbolism produce a unique account that is laden with meaning and depicts the trials and significance of life. As the reader and the author are often separated by time, context and culture, it becomes important to identify whether the modern reader faces certain limitations in his analysis of the text. The majority of literary critics tend to agree that both the author and reader hold a degree of determinacy over the meaning of a literary text. The notion that the reading must be circumscribed by authorial intention appears problematic, as there are no means of determining the author’s exact state of mind at the time of writing. Instead, readers’ understanding of the text is shaped by their social and cultural positioning, as they cannot encounter texts in a void. Although the significance of a literary text alters with time, it is unable to escape the “social forces” and codes which govern its audience’s understanding of language. Eminent literary critic, Terry Eagleton suggests that the interpretation of a “text must be logically constrained by the text itself” in order to maintain its particularity. The reception of a literary work is anticipated by the author through the construction of language within a text that acts as a signifier of its readership. A piece of literature constrains the range of its audience as the internal structure/language of the text can only speak to readers who possess “cultural knowledge of the connection” between its motifs and themes. For example, a reader with no knowledge of Victorian England will be unlikely to identify the cultural underpinnings of a certain characters physical appearance or the oddity of their behavior. The reader is provoked to exercise his instinctive and creative facilities in order to access the unwritten part of the text and supply what is not immediately evident. However, as Iser proposes, “the written text imposes certain limits on its unwritten implications”, allowing flexibility in interpretation to be bounded by certain parameters drawn by the author himself. Individual readings of the text reflect the reader’s own disposition and in this respect the literary text acts as a kind of mirror, however the recognition, reflection and understanding of the text is grounded in a reality different from his own and unique to the text. Despite the attempt of certain authors to subvert and deconstruct normative understandings of language, semiotics and symbolism, their “texts belong to language as a whole” (Eagleton) which has a certain power over the meaning and does not magically evaporate during the reader’s encounter with a text. The understanding of the techniques and conventions of literary era during which a literary work is penned is key in analyzing the text and evaluating its significance at a particular, cultural standpoint. The production of meaning within a text is systemically governed by rules that require the reader to mobilize general social knowledge and specific literary technique. Iser implies that a “reader with a strong ideological commitment is an inadequate one” since he will be unable to experience the new “critical awareness” offered by the text. However, this point of view limits readership to those individuals who hold their “convictions rather lightly,” undermining the significance of the subversive power of the text. Furthermore, the influential value of art lies in its ability to stir some emotional or ideological change in the reader – it is not only marketed to impressionable minds, it encourages dogmatic people to question their ideals as well. This is especially true for the Bildungsroman novel, wherein a reader is able to identify with a certain character and retrospectively analyze his own identity or treat the character’s fate as a precursor for his own. It is unlikely that identical interpretations of texts will be produced by readers, or even the same reader on two different accounts, however, the meaning of a text is largely determined by a category of permissible interpretations monitored by the “literary institution” and dominant understanding of language.

The writer is a mechanical engineer by profession.

The writer is a staff member of Pakistan Today and holds a degree from Mount Holyoke College.

The charade and the change can the middle class do it?

SULEmAN AKhtAR “Nothing could stand in its way. The gods and kings of the past were powerless before the businessmen and steam-engines of the present.” ITH such awe one of the most eminent historians of our times, Eric Hobsbawm, has spoken about the Industrial Revolution that broke out in Britain towards the end of 18th century, and accompanying rise of the middle class so consequential that the world thenceforth was defined by it. So far-reaching was the change that, to borrow the phrase from Carlyle, all social bonds crumbled except the implacable gold and paper ones of the cash nexus. ‘Change’, the captivating six letter word, has come to be the shibboleth of urban middle class of Pakistan in general and of Punjab in particular. Imran khan is the long awaited Godot who has shown up to reestablish the lost utopia of the middle class. Enthusiasm is in the air. The said class is all set to rock the boat. New-Pakistan-fad is running amok in urban areas of Punjab unmoved and untouched by the unabated violence being unleashed on certain political forces in certain parts of the country. The spectacle of two parallel realities, i.e. coffin and campaign, unfolding before us warrants a serious dissection of the middle class phenomenon as to what extent it may prove as a harbinger of much yearned change. Dr. Durr-e-Nayab of Pakistan Institute of Development Economics (PIDE) proposes the size of the middle class in Pakistan to a substantial 61 million people which is 34.6 per cent of the total population. She has used ‘expanded middle class’ categorization that includes ‘upper lower class’ – which has been categorized as ‘climbers’ – in the middle class. For largely being an urban phenomenon the size of the middle class has increased with the increasing urbanization in recent years. In the recent past, the PML-N has enjoyed a considerable support from the Punjabi middle class, which is largely a commercial stratum of the society. This support base largely is still intact arguably though. Against the backdrop of arrival of electronic media owned by private enterprises, rise of consumerism, judicial activism and web based

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interconnectivity of urban population, a new class has emerged which made its presence felt during the Lawyers’ Movement in 2007. This is the ‘New Middle Class’ of Pakistan. The said class had its political moment during the lawyers’ movement and the momentum then acquired has led to its political expression, namely PTI. The new middle class includes judiciary and legal community, thriving media, technicians and associate professionals, expatriates, the NGO sector, small businessmen and to some extent trader classes. The prefix ‘new’ has been attached in the context of newfangled consciousness that has manifested itself in the Middle Class lately, although the structural bases of the class are unaltered. In order to conceptualize how far-reaching is the new middle class phenomenon, it is important to understand the structure of the state and its subsequent relation with the former. Distinguished civilian military analyst Dr Ayesha Siddiqa has reasoned in one of her incisive pieces that the phenomenon is cosmetic rather than consequential in real sense. She has invoked the construct of post-colonial state delineated by well known Marxist scholar and activist Hamza Alavi. Through a groundbreaking article written in 1972, Hamza Alavi propounds the idea of post-colonial state, which he termed as an ‘overdeveloped state’ as follows: “In particular the special role of the militarybureaucratic oligarchy has become all too common a phenomenon in post-colonial societies. This role now needs to be interpreted in terms of a new alignments of the respective interests of the three propertied exploiting classes, namely the indigenous bourgeoisie, the metropolitan neo-colonialist bourgeoisie, and the landed classes...” He further writes how the post-colonial state comprised of military-bureaucratic oligarchy mediates competing but not contradictory interests of competing propertied classes thus assuming a relatively autonomous role. Increasing size of the middle class in the past has laid the bases for its inclusion in the state apparatus itself. The 2008 parliament had only 25 members out of 342 with over 100 acres landholding, while the rest largely hailed from the burgeoning indigenous bourgeoisie including both the upper and the middle class. The same goes for the military and civilian bureaucracy that has allowed more middle class people to enter than ever. Graphical presentation by the PIDE is as follows: For being the part of the entrenched hegemonic system, the middle class discourse vis-àvis the change and overthrowing existing exploitive system is irrational. A case-in-point is the recent development related to Engro Fertilizer

The majority of literary critics tend to agree that both the author and reader hold a degree of determinacy over the meaning of a literary text.


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We are all serving a self-sentence in the dungeon of self. –Cyril Connolly

ARTS Friday, 10 May, 2013

heaTher Morris PreGnanT, MaTThew Morrison exciTed

I HOPE TO MAKE MANY GIRLS SMILE

TribuTe Paid To leGendary arTisT irfan khoosaT

LIKE MALALA, SAYS MADONNA NEWS DESk

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NEWS DESk Actor Matthew Morrison says he is excited about his "Glee" co-star Heather Morris's pregnancy. Morris, who plays cheerleader Brittany S. Pierce in the show, is expecting her first baby with her childhood lover Taylor Hubbell. "It's funny, when she told me. I think I was one of the first people she whispered, 'Come over here.' I said, 'What is it?' and she whispered in my ear, 'I'm 13 months pregnant', and I was like, 'Months?' and she said, 'I mean 13 weeks!' It was just funny and we all started laughing and she was like, 'Oh my god'. I'm very excited for her," contactmusic.com quoted Morrison as saying. The fourth season shooting has been wrapped and the cast and crew celebrated the end last week. Morrison revealed there will be a noticeable difference in the outfits Morris will wear towards the end of the series. "The last few episodes, they had to make some unique wardrobe choices because she's showing, she's definitely showing. She was no longer in her cheerleading outfit," he said.

ADONNA will donate $7.2 million to promoting girls’ education rights in the Middle East and South Asia, from the sale of a Cubist painting by French artist, Fernand Léger. The keen art collector and international star bought Léger’s “Trois Femmes à la Table Rouge,” in 1990, reported The Independent on Thursday. The piece, painted in 1921, was sold at a Sotheby’s sale of Impressionist and Modern art in New York on Wednesday. Madonna said she wished to auction the work to “trade something valuable for something invaluable;” all proceeds will go to her Ray of Light Foundation which supports education projects aimed at young girls in the Middle East and South Asia. “Thanks to everyone who helped make it happen! Art equals Revolution!” Madonna wrote on her Facebook page on Wednesday. The post was accompanied by a smiling picture of Malala Yousafzai, the Pakistani girl and education activist who was shot by members of the Taliban last year. “I cannot accept a world where

ISLAMABAD oNLINE

women or girls are wounded, shot or killed for either going to school or teaching in girls’ schools. We don’t have time to be complacent,” she said in a press statement last month. “I hope to make many girls smile like Malala all around the world!” Madonna wrote. The singer is known for her dedication to charitable causes, she previously supported UNICEF, Amnesty International and Children In Need, among other organizations. Despite this, her charity in Malawi recently came under fire, directed at Madonna by the government’s education minister, Eunice Kazembe. “[Raising Malawi] have said they have built ten schools in Malawi and on our side what we know is that she [Madonna] has built classrooms... these are not schools from our side and really that’s the essence of the difference between her side and the Malawi government,” Kaembe told media.

Mendler as anything COURTESY RTE Bridget Mendler is the latest Disney kid to launch a music career but is her debut album more than just a Mickey Mouse affair? Alan Corr talks to the all-American teen about her acting career, why she has no advice for the one they call Bieber, and the importance of family. You may not have heard of her but Bridget Mendler has the kind of potential than can make the bleary eyes of record company execs light up with dollar signs. The 19-year-old from Washington DC is the star of hit TV series Good Luck Charlie, a slice of cutesy American family life which has become the most-watched thing on The Disney Channel. She plays Teddy Duncan, a teenager who makes a caring, sharing video diary for her little sister Charlie and the series, which debuted two years ago, has peaked at 50 million viewers. So lots of learning and lots of hugging. It only seems natural that young Miss Mendler, like numerous Disney brats before her, should make the career hop, skip and jump into pop stardom, right? She has just released her debut album Hello My Name is . . . and it's a carefully-engineered but catchy mix of sass and sweetness. On the phone from the states, Mendler is a curious mix of Miss Teen beauty pageant contestant and record company marketing executive. She talks about her "album experience", and the importance of writing

about "concepts that can be appreciated by multiple ages." Behind that sing-song voice there may lie a more steely determination. "The thing for me was that I wanted to be playful on this album," Mendler says in that cupcake and cola accent. "It's the first time I'm putting out my own music and I'm really discovering what it was to make pop music so I wanted to mess around and see what came about and this is what was honest for me at the time and you know, if I had wanted to write sugary pop I would have done that but that wasn't what I was feeling." She wasn't feeling overly in the mood to write endless ditties about love either. "Hmmmm no! I think my album has romantic songs but there is so much more going on in life than just that," she says. "Most importantly I don't think that should be the centre of anyone's world. But it is a really exciting time to be learning about relationships and it's obviously something I'm growing up with." Hello My Name Is . . . has got sugar rushes aplenty but when Mendler mentions Bob Dylan and Lily Allen as influences, the casual listener (and, let's face it, the obsessive fan) might be surprised. "Bob Dylan was the music I was definitely influenced by earlier on and he stuck with me because he is such an individual. He's such a special lyricist and he really had the ability to speak for his whole generation through saying things in a poetic and creative way."

And what about Irish acts. "Ummm . . . is Van Morrison Irish? He's great. Brown Eyed Girl, you can't do better than that! Are The Script Irish? Yeah? They're great as well." Mendler joined Disney in 2004 and as well as the toprated Good Luck Charlie, she's also starred in The Wizards of Waverly Place alongside Selena Gomez. She's also been in Disney movie Lemonade Mouth and the lucrative tween market was sewn up with a role in Alvin and the Chipmunks: The Squeakuel. However, she came up against a less, shall we say, disciplined side of the industry when she worked on a film with Lindsay Lohan called Labor Pains back in 2009. For some reason, it kept being pushed back due to various conflicts and problems. Lohan, a good actor with a colourful personal life, is another former teen star who has had a less than smooth transition into adulthood. Something that the one they call Bieber may be experiencing right now. Mendler, who worked with his on/off/do we really care? girlfriend Selena Gomez, is of course diplomatic on the subject. "Um well I think I can't really access the situation without knowing his side of it but sometimes I have a hard time and people make judgements on a situation without really knowing what's going on in his life. I dunno, that's kinda where I stand on it." Ten years ago, Mendler's fellow

Disney graduate Britney Spears was in a similar situation. Assailed by media, old and new, it must be easy to snap under the pressure? "Yah it is and that's why it's so important for some people to have people sticking up for them and looking out for them because sometimes it's hard to say no to work especially when they're really fun things to do but you have to remember you can only capable of so much." Naturally, her family are very protective and she's close to her younger brother Nick who also has an interest in performing. "He's wonderful, last year he passed me in height so it's so weird to be looking up at him now," Mendler laughs. "He's really sweet and he's a really smart kid and he's such an individual and I really admire that. Also, we're both the only lefthanded members of our family and I don't mean to be left hand elitist but I'm just saying . . . " Mendler's immediate plans include continuing to work on Good Luck Charlie and then touring her album. It looks like a TV show that can fetch 50 million viewers won't be cancelled anytime soon. "We love working on the show and I will work on it as long as they want me to. I think it's been successful because it's a normal family show and people like that. It's real to life."

“Irfan Khoosat is a national asset. It is an honour for me and I feel proud to have the opportunity to stand with legendary actor,” said caretaker Federal Minister for National Heritage & Integration Shahzada Jamal Nazir at the conclusion of the function arranged by Pakistan National Council of Arts (PNCA) to pay tribute to Khoosat under Aiteraf-e-Fun on Thursday at PNCA auditorium Islamabad. It took me to my young age and hostel life when we waited the whole week for ‘Andehara Ujala,’ he said. That was the only source of recreation and respite at that time, the minister added. Earlier PNCA Director General Tauqeer Nasir said PNCA has started this programme to pay tribute to national heroes and legends during their life time as opposed to acknowledging icons after their death. This practice was started with honouring the king of Ghazal Mehdi Hassan, he said. Artists reflect society’s behavior and attitudes and try to mend shortcomings, he said. Khoosat, sharing his life and work with the audience reminisced the start of his career. He attributed his success to producers and intellectuals such as Hali, Ahmed Nadeem Qasmi, Sufi Tabassum, Faiz Ahmed Faiz and others. Khoosat paid a special tribute to Jamil Fakhri and other contemporaries. Khoosat belongs to a family of artists. His father, Sultan Khoosat was a prolific actor and painter having several other talents. His children are also artists and producers. Khoosat was twelve when his father died and he had to support a family of nine persons. He thanked PNCA for honouring and acknowledging artists.


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I don't want the fear of failure to stop me from doing what I really care about. –Emma Watson

My hearT wePT for sarabJiT: veena Malik

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As India-Pakistan bilateral relations continue to be under strain, Pakistani actress Veena Malik has said art remains the only bridge between the two neighbours. "Today SRK, Salman and Amitabh are as big stars in Pakistan as they are in India. The only bridge which is still there between the two countries is art. Whenever someone says that send Pakistani artists back, then we should also understand that Indian films will also get banned in Pakistan as a result," Veena Malik told during a visit to Kolkata. Asked to comment on Pakistani prisoner Sanaullah Ranjay, who succumbed to injuries earlier in the day following a scuffle with another inmate in a Jammu jail, she said, "It reminds me of what Gandhi had said - an eye for an eye will only make the world blind." Veena pointed out that with the recent deterioration in relations between the two countries, people to people relations had also suffered. "Whenever anything happens, they say send Veena Malik back. Artists are very fragile because their hearts are soft and so they make soft targets," she said. 52-year-old Sanaullah, who was serving life sentence at Kot Balwal Jail in Jammu, was grievously injured in an attack by an inmate on last Friday and died in a Chandigarh hospital. The assault came a day after the death of Indian prisoner Sarabjit Singh who was attacked by fellow inmates in a Pakistani jail. "When Sarabjit case happened, my heart cried because he was a guy who is already under trial and under the grip of the law. To kill him is inhuman," said Malik, the 26-year-old actress best known for her stint in 'Bigg Boss' in 2010. She said harmony, love and peace should increase so that Sarabjit and Sanaullah cases don't recur. "We (India and Pakistan) have bigger challenges. We are not enemies. Let's get over our past and move on into a new life," said Malik.

forMer wesTlife sTars for chrisTy diGnaM GiG NEWS DESk Members of Westlife, Shane MacGowan, Paul Brady, Gavin Friday and Bressie are among the performers set to sing Aslan songs at a special oneoff show for Christy Dignam this June. A Night For Christy will take place in Dublin's Olympia Theatre on June 21 and will feature Irish acts singing Aslan songs they have handpicked from the Finglas band's back catalogue in honour of the 52-year-old singer who was released from Beaumont Hospital earlier this week after 10 weeks of treatment for two forms of blood cancer. Danny O'Reilly of The Coronas, Ryan Sheridan, Mary Black, Don Mescall (who penned Aslan's recent charity single Catch Your Fall), Tom Dunne of Something Happens, Jerry Fish, and Steve Wall of The Stunning are also among the acts playing on the night.

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MIR Khan let Shah Rukh enjoy the spotlight at the music launch of the Deols' upcoming film where the media pounced on SRK. They were sharing a public platform after a long time. Sunny Deol had not really gone out of his way to be seen with Shah Rukh Khan ever since he felt shortchanged in Darr. Aamir Khan and SRK had not been BFFs after a prolonged season of jibes. But on Tuesday night, they put aside their differences to celebrate the music launch of

Yamla Pagla Deewana 2. And while the pictures of the starry guest list - featuring Hrithik and Papa Roshan, Aamir, SRK, Akshay Kumar, Ritesh Deshmukh, Bobby Deol, Sunny, Dharmendra - have since been doing the rounds, TOI gets you the insider's view of what really happened when they all came together. The buzzing suburban venue saw Aamir walk in early and take his seat. The Deols and the media greeted him warmly. But all that changed once SRK walked in. Thanks to the simmering controversy around his Wankhede episode, all eyes and

ears were on the actor, who was bombarded with requests for a comment and a photo op. Aamir got up from his seat and greeted his peer cordially, but as soon as it became evident that the media and the guests were keener to get a piece of SRK, he moved away, maintaining a dignified distance from him. SRK was also much in demand by Papa Roshan, who pulled him aside and engaged him in a serious conversation for a good few minutes. We wonder if they were exchanging notes on superheroes. On the other hand, a visibly cheerful Juhi shared a few moments with SRK, who seemed to be

Don’t think i want to make sleazy comedies, says saif ali Khan NEWS DESk Actor-producer Saif Ali Khan is treading new territories with " Go Goa Gone" - a zombie comedy, after making romance-based entertainers like "Love Aaj Kal" and "Cocktail", but he's quite sure he won't ever make a "sleazy" comedy. There's a thin line between "naughty" and "sleazy", he believes. Why is comedy all about sleaze nowadays? "Everything should have a representative, I guess! So, also have a branch of comedy, which is sleazy, but I suppose there is an audience for that as well. There are different kinds of people in our country, and you've got to cater to all." "But I don't think I want to make a sleazy film. I'd rather make a naughty one," the 42-yearold told IANS over phone from Mumbai. "Go Goa Gone", his production and acting venture, releases May 10. Starring Kunal Kemmu, Vir Das and Anand Tiwari in key roles, the movie, as Saif believes, is a "naughty" kind! Narrating a scene from the movie, he said: "There's a scene in which Kunal's character goes and buys condoms. The shopkeeper asks him, 'So what kind of condoms do you want?' and then Kunal's character says, 'Well, the ones for having sex!' "So this, I think is naughty and funny, but

not sleazy." While the movie has been heavily promoted as a 'zombie' film, Saif says it's not all that "zombie". "It's a very urban movie, it's a funny one and not aimed at buying anyone into the theory of the zombie. It is essentially a story of these three boys and their ridiculous adventures. So, I think it's nice if we can just laugh a little bit without thinking what's a zombie and all of that," he said. The idea behind "Go Goa Gone" was also to cater to the audience which wants "new and exciting" genres and storylines. "The audience is ready and maturing. So it is up to us now to give them the content. I remember Kunal (Kemmu) came up to me with this script, and said this is a comedy about zombies. At first I was apprehensive to try something new, to produce something new, but then when I read the script, I laughed out loud quite a number of times." "I believe the audience will laugh too," Saif said. The budget for the film, he said, was "not very much". But he promises they haven't "cheated" the audience. He said the crew shot a lot on beaches and in jungles of Mauritius, besides getting Hollywood experts to work on the zombies' make-up. Saif's own look is different in the film - he sports blonde locks."I liked the idea," he said.

sweating under his collar, despite the airconditioning. Once it was time to launch the music, SRK took the lead in getting all the actors in one happy frame. Even as the star guests stood shoulder to shoulder for the photo op, perhaps a little awkward in their newfound camaraderie, SRK broke the ice by requesting Dharmendra to do his signature, Yamla Pagla dance move. It worked like a charm as all of them suddenly let go of their inhibitions and broke into a jig, making it a moment to cherish. As for Aamir and SRK, the two of them made it evident that it was time for mature interactions in public spaces.


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Power To The Pedal! charGer harvesTs bikes’ kineTic enerGy

There is no shortage of kinetic phone chargers that give you battery power in exchange for your own muscle power. But the is a bit different: it attaches to your bike, and it’s compact enough to be thought of as unobtrusive. The generator mounts onto just about any bicycle in a matter of minutes. When you start cycling, the kinetic energy you generate is harnessed in the lightweight gadget to either directly power your gadget or to be stored in a detachable battery pack. You can charge just about any device that is powered by USB – even attachments used by the bike itself. Charge while you’re riding, or take the detachable battery pack with you to charge your gadgets when you get to where you’re going. The Siva is perfect for people who want to bike to work or school more often but miss the convenience of charging their device in the car on the way to their destination. The team behind the gadget is dedicated to the cause of renewable energy, so for every ten Atoms sold they’ll donate one to someone in need. NEWS DESK

disney Tries To TradeMark Mexican TradiTion

Disney isn’t winning points for cultural sensitivity this month after trying to trademark the phrase “Dia de los Muertos,” reports the Arizona Republic. The company is working on a film inspired by the centuries-old Mexican holiday, which translates to “Day of the Dead” and celebrates the spirits of ancestors. Disney filed for the trademark on May 1, standard practice ahead of a movie to protect merchandising rights, but pulled the bid yesterday amid the ensuing outcry. “How can you trademark a cultural tradition?” asks one Phoenix artist, her question summing up the common reaction. In its explanation for why it is pulling the trademark bid, Disney didn’t exactly acknowledge the criticism: “It has since been determined that the title of the film will change, and therefore we are withdrawing our trademark filing.” Disney also once tried to trademark the phrase “Seal Team 6,” but pulled the application after the military raised objections, notes the LA Times. NEWS DESK

Women have served all these centuries as looking glasses possessing the magic and delicious power of reflecting the figure of man at twice its natural size. –Virginia Woolf, A Room of One's Own

apple: an end to skeumorphic design?

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HE tech giant looks like it is ditching its fondness for apps and programs that look like real-world products. Is this a good thing? Why do most smartphones make a clicking noise, like a camera shutter closing, when you take a picture with them? Why do the virtual pages of a book on a tablet appear to turn as you swipe across the screen? The answer is skeumorphic design, from the Greek words for a tool (skeuos) and shape (morph). It means designing a tool in a new medium that incorporates some of the features of its antecedents. These no long perform any necessary function but – like the unfurling of virtual paper across a digital screen – forge an intuitive link with the past, not to mention being (hopefully) attractive in their own right. Though it sounds obscure, skeumorphism is everywhere around us – from “retro” detailing on clothes to electric kettles shaped like their stove-top ancestors. It’s also a topic of much hand-wringing and angst in the tech world, thanks to Apple CEO Tim Cook’s decision to shake up the design principles of his company’s iOS mobile operating system – one of the world’s touchstones for digital appearances. The latest incarnation of iOS – version 7 – is likely to be previewed in June ahead of a September release. And its putative appearance is feeding a thanks to Cook’s last year to put hardware supremo Jonathan Ive – the designer responsible for iconic minimalist designs from the iMac and iPod to the iPad – in charge not only of the physical product, but also the look and feel of its software. Ive replaces perhaps the world’s most influential exponent of skeumorphic software, Scott Forstall, whose work at Apple included creating iOS as we know it – complete with a compass app that looks like a handheld orienteering compass, a notes app mimicking yellow sticky paper, a calculator app designed like an old-fashioned accountant’s pocket calculator, a game centre themed around wood and green baize, and

analogue dials on its clocks. Apple’s skeumorphism has, over the last few years, divided the opinions of designers, to say the least. For author and tech design consultant, it’s inexplicable that the company has for so long saddled its exquisite devices with “the most awful and mawkish and flat-out tacky visual cues”; while software developer has bluntly described it as “horrific, dishonest and childish crap.” For more sympathetic critics like user interface designer , meanwhile, the decision to launch the iPhone with such a textured, “realistic” interface was a sensible move given just how novel the device was in 2007. “Nobody,” he argues, “had seen such visual richness in an operating system’s user interface before (let alone on a phone)... Realism was a way to link the future with the past, and make people feel at ease with their new device.” This ease has been important to the company’s success. Outside the rank of designers, few ordinary users are likely to give the subtle stylistic influences of their screens much thought. Yet these are crucial psychological components within a weightless, immaterial medium. Unlike physical materials and the traditions surrounding them, digital pixels have no inherent aesthetic or “feel”. Everything onscreen must be fabricated from scratch – and, for many early users

of Apple products, the textured tones of a skeumorphic interface offered a democratic counterpoint to the elitism of their seamless exteriors. FROM FAKE TO FLAT Today, though, even the fanboys agree that some species of revamp is in order – and that Ive’s fondness for modernist minimalism is in line with trends elsewhere. Rather than fake wood and leather, a visual style has emerged in the last few years that is neatly embodied by Microsoft and its technicolour approach to Windows’s latest incarnation. Here, bright square and rectangular panels match a crisp, two-dimensional aesthetic, with an emphasis on clarity and clean blocks of colour. It’s a deliberately “flat” look, embracing the pinpoint resolutions of modern screens rather than softer-edged illusions of weight and depth – and it was on its release as “incredibly innovative”. The only problem is that many users don’t especially seem to enjoy it – a backlash that has led to of Microsoft preparing to restore some aspects of its older operating systems. If Apple heads down this path, it will be seeking its own distinctive evolution of Ive’s design philosophy – a philosophy explicitly indebted to the great German designer Dieter Rams and , the most famous of which states that “good design is as little design as possible.”

Miami artist uses his own body fat to make soap NEWS DESk Miami-based performance artist Orestes de la Paz has put his heart, soul and fat into 20 bars of special soap made with his liposuctioned blubber. The bars of human soap are available for purchase and priced at $1,000. Orestes de la Paz underwent a liposuction procedure in December of last year, and decided to turn the removed fat into soap to prevent it from going rancid. He came up with the idea for his art thesis after realizing that “clients are willing to try anything to feel and look beautiful, even to the extent of buying products with human elements in them (stem cells, placenta, semen; you name it, it’s out there.)” Working as a hairstylist and make-up artist, Orestes loves combining the worlds of art and beauty together, so the unusual project sort of made sense to him. Apart from coconut oil, organic vegetable shortening, lavender and tree tea oils, as well as other cosmetics ingredients, his unique soap bars are 25% human fat, which apparently leaves the user’s

hands soft after washing. “There’s always a certain amount of blood, sweat, and tears that goes into any artwork. I just make it more explicit,” the artist said about his bizarre project. “Making Soap”, Orestes’ art thesis, is currently displayed at Miami’s Frost Museum, where attendees can actually wash their hands with his lipo-soap. ”The museum-goers were so at ease, that the idea of the soap being from human fat escaped their minds and they simply enjoyed the soap for it’s lavender, tree tree scent and the way it left the hands soft after washing,” the artist told . ”Those brave enough to wash ended up inspiring others to simply to try a good product. No one seemed disgusted by the soap demo even after having watched the video in the gallery.” People interested in this organic human fat soap can buy a bar for $1,000, but he has extended a special invitation to the all-thing-weird lover we all know as Lady Gaga. “I challenge @ladygaga to try my human fat soap. You down, homie?” Orestes de la Paz wrote on Twitter.

Some change is likely to be welcomed. But – as Microsoft’s experience shows – any reinvention of a widely-used standard breeds a particular gamut of hazards, especially within the open and potentially unanchored spaces of an electronic medium. All digital design is to some extent a game of metaphor and illusion. Yet, increasingly, some of the objects being gestured towards are vanishing from users’ remembered experience. Will the youngest generation of iPad users ever physically have handled analogue dials, desktop calendars or yellowed paper notepads? Will many of them, soon, even have turned the pages of a physical book? These hollowed out metaphors haunt digital design – together with the fear that imitation and repetition risk shackling the present to an increasingly irrelevant past. Successful simplicity, as Ive and Rams have each shown, is about capturing the essence of an experience via the painstaking elimination of anything redundant. How far, though, are skeumorphism’s visual echoes and references themselves essential? Design can never go entirely without mimicry; not least because, if you’re not speaking some kind of common visual language, you cannot make yourself understood. Ive’s greatest triumphs at Apple to Rams’s work at Braun in the 1960s – and it seems unlikely that someone with such a deep sensitivity to its history will abandon onscreen dialogue with the manufactured world. This dialogue is likely to be as much with Apple itself as its antecedents – and to draw deeply on its own aesthetic of industrial design. In the end, though, skeumorphism is not about wood and leather any more than “flat” design is about colours or rectangles. Each aims at an experience that is its own justification – and that, if the experience should somehow fall short, cannot be saved by all the justifications in the world. As Ive himself put it in a , “we don’t really talk about design, we talk about developing ideas and making products.” Once you have a sufficiently complete understanding of what you wish to achieve, the rest is detail.

Pyjamas that read your child a story: the most ridiculous invention?

A hi-tech pair of pyjamas can now read your kids a bedtime story. Once upon a time, parents thought nothing of doing this themselves - and long may that tradition continue, argues mother Laura Perrins. The world can be a frightening place. There are all manner of creatures out there wanting to gobble you up. There is the Gruffalo; the high-way rat; various foxes and wolves who prey on grandmothers and little girls in red; and, an assortment of witches, evil fairies and goblins. The humans are not much better either; steprelations of every kind should be avoided and even the odd parent has been known to boil up a child or two. Yes, the bedtime story is by far and away the best moment in the Perrins’ house. But it seems this is another job I could delegate to technology. Getting children to go to bed can be a battle in and of itself. But now there are ‘’. These are the “world’s first and only interactive bedtime clothing that will actually read your children a story”. At first I thought this was a spoof, but sadly not. It seems there is someone out there who believes parents will spend their hard earned cash on a machine to read a bedtime story to their child. Will said machine do the funny voices? No. Will it make the Gruffalo very scary? I doubt it. Will it add the splash sound when the wolf climbs up the pig’s house, and down the chimney into the boiling water? Unlikely. Bedtime stories are a way to connect with your child. So it is hoped that this invention takes it place in the academy of alongside the flatulence deodoriser. NEWS DESK


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There is quite a big overlap there, and because we announced our tournament last year and have set that window aside, we have asked the Caribbean Premier League tournament to move their tournament up — Ajit Jayasekara

icc urGed To invesTiGaTe voTe

Friday, 10 May, 2013

smith to miss Champions trophy JOHANNESBURg AGENCIES

A recurring ankle injury has ruled star South Africa batsman Graeme Smith out of June’s Champions Trophy. Smith is expected to return home this week from English county cricket duties at Surrey and an operation will sideline him for several months. Proteas Team Manager, Dr Mohammed Moosajee said: “Graeme has been troubled by left ankle pain over the last few months and despite extensive treatment and physiotherapy, it has recently deteriorated significantly while playing for Surrey in England. “He underwent a rescan of his left ankle in London on Wednesday, and it was determined that since his last scan, the condition has progressed to a stress fracture. Surgery will be required, and he has been advised to follow a rest and rehabilitation programme over the next four to six months. “This unfortunately rules him out of the upcoming ICC Champions Trophy in England and Wales and the selectors will name a replacement in due course.” Losing Smith for the one-day international championship in England and Wales is a massive blow for perennial tournament ‘chokers’ South Africa after allrounder Jacques Kallis declared himself unavailable for selection.

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U S T R A L I A’ S Tim May, ousted from an International Cricket Council panel amid allegations of pressure from India, says it is time someone “stood up to the cancer of stand-over tactics” that define the governing body. May, chief executive of The Federation of International Cricketers’ Associations (Fica), was recently replaced as a players’ representative on the ICC cricket committee by India’s Laxman Sivaramakrishnan. Fica this week called on the ICC to investigate charges of ballot “fixing” after the former Indian leg-spinner was elected to the committee amid accusations that voters had been put under pressure. Fica – which, has no Indian affiliate as there is no Indian players’ union – has claimed what was, in effect, a run-off between May and Sivamarakrishnan was

not conducted fairly, with some national boards exerting undue pressure on their captains to back the Indian. May said in a report Thursday he would not comment on the specifics of his non-election because he has a vested interest, but he pointed to the ICC’s failure to enforce its own standards of governance. “The only thing that I can say and reinforce is that this issue isn’t about whether Siva or I got elected or not but it’s about was the process compromised?” the former Australian off-spinner told Fairfax newspapers. “Did Boards interfere and make threats to captains to change their votes? “Which leads to the crux of the matter – that we (Fica), on behalf of all players, need to ensure that the players’ representative is actually the representative chosen freely by players, not one forced upon the players by boards.” May said Fica wanted the ICC to police their own processes and not turn their back on it. “It’s time someone stood up to this cancer of stand-over tactics that defines the ICC these days,” May said. May has challenged all national cricket boards on issues ranging from tour scheduling to the Woolf report, which tried to revamp ICC governance but was rejected by India, Fairfax newspapers said. The ICC cricket committee makes recommendations on issues including the umpire Decision Review System (DRS), which May has pushed to be used in all international series.

ICC FINDS NO EVIDENCE OF FOUL PLAY IN FICA ELECTION In response to recent media stories, the International Cricket Council wishes to clarify certain aspects relating to the recent appointment of player representatives to the ICC Cricket Committee. In January this year, because of confusion in the voting process for such representatives (for example in respect of what should happen in the case of a tied vote and, where teams had different captains for different formats of the game, which captain should be entitled to vote), the ICC Board considered the matter carefully, and following clarification of the process to be followed, decided that another vote should be taken. Subsequent to the re-vote, the ICC is concerned to note a number of factual inaccuracies appearing in the media in respect of the results of the voting and the underlying basis for the Board decision that a re-vote was necessary, as well as unsupported allegations of impropriety in the voting process. In that respect, the ICC can confirm that it has received a written request from the Federation of International Cricketers’ Associations (FICA) to refer the matter to the Ethics Officer. This request is being considered, but in view of the allegations already appearing in the media, the ICC wishes to state for the record that the re-vote took place according to the determined procedure and that the ICC has seen no evidence that supports allegations now being made that captains were put under pressure by their Member Boards to vote for a particular individual. No further comment will be made at this stage.

Opposition from the powerful Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) means it is not used in contests involving India. May has said that while he supports some aspects of the BCCI, “there are other aspects that concern me and others”. However, some argue it is naive to expect India to produce so much of the game’s cash and not have equivalent influence in cricket’s corridors of power. May said Fica will discuss its

Pakistan cricket’s first elected chairman LAHORE StAFF REpoRt

For Pakistan cricket, this is a historic occasion. The Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) has for the first time ever elected its chairman, with the governing council on Wednesday interviewing two candidates and then voting Ch. Zaka Ashraf into office for a four-year term. The main stipulations of the PCB’s new constitution are: no government intervention for the first time since the Board’s inception in 1949, and turning it into a democratic entity at the same time, with an elected chairman who is accountable to a governing council. Ashraf was elected by the governing council under a new constitution was crafted by the government of Pakistan in accordance with the International Cricket Council’s (ICC) guidelines, giving up its powers to appoint the PCB chairman. Subsequently the new constitution was approved by the ICC. Over this development, generally there is a sense of elation in the

cricketing circles in Pakistan and many are said to have called up Ch. Zaka Ashraf to congratulate him on his election. “Pakistan cricket needed stability at this point and it is good that PCB has now an elected Chairman at the helms of affairs, said Wasim Bari, the former Pakistan captain. “Now that Ch. Zaka has been elected to the chairman’s office, he should be given all-out support to implement his vision so that Pakistan cricket in these difficult times could progress at a rapid pace”, said Wasim Bari. The new constitution not just puts a check on the unbridled powers of the chairman, making him accountable, it caters for all stakeholders in Pakistan cricket, giving them due representation. These stakeholders in the main are the regions, the departments and the players representatives, and all have found representation in the governing council. Basit Ali, a former cricketer of the 1990s vintage, was

of the

view that the PCB, Pakistan government and the ICC all must be congratulated for the smooth transition. “You have to grant that the government gave away its lien and hold on the PCB. This is something that needs to be acknowledged and applauded. A democratic dispensation is always better than a handpicked one. “I must also congratulate Ch. Zaka Ashraf on his election as chairman. I think Pakistan cricket shall be better off with his election for a four-year term.” But in Pakistan there are always some who have an axe to grind. Barely a day after his election, the PCB chairman’s election has been challenged by two non-entities in a court of law; both claim to be regional representatives, albeit of dubious antecedents. When one tried to contact Malik Zulfiqar and Ch. Anwar for their version, they were not available for comment, however Daud Mir from Sialkot and Jalal Akbar from Sargodha were quite open and candid in sharing their views. Both castigated Zulfiqar and Anwar for taking the issue to court ‘for no rhyme or reason’. Daud Mir, representative of Sialkot district, said: “What grievance did Malik Zulfiqar have? Absolutely none, but he is habitual litigator. His tenure expired six months ago, there has been a vote of no confidence against him, yet he is not holding the regional elections just because he wants to hang on to the position and get benefits from the PCB”. Jalal Akbar, representative of Sargodha district, was equally scathing in his comments: “I condemn Ch. Anwar. For five years, he has enjoyed all favours from the Board at the expense of the region. The regional elections are overdue, and yet this noncricketer instead of holding them is trying to coerce and milk the Board for personal gain.”. About the newly-elected PCB chairman, Jalal said: “In my interactions with him, I have found him to be attentive and concerned. I feel he has Pakistan cricket’s good in his heart. I’m sure he will succeed and promote cricket in the regions”.

response to the ICC committee vote at its annual general meeting in the United States later this month. Paul Marsh, chief of the Australian Cricketers’ Association, said all boards were equally guilty because of their reluctance to stand up to the BCCI. “The reality is the boards can’t see past the next India tour that might be in jeopardy because they say something – there are constant threats of that sort of stuff,” Marsh told Fairfax newspapers.

we need to get monkey off our back: aB JOHANNESBURG: Proteas captain AB de Villiers believes South Africa can remove their “chokers” tag and secure their first global trophy in 15 years at the Champions Trophy tournament in England and Wales next month. South Africa won the inaugural Champions Trophy – then known as the Knockout Trophy – in 1998, and while they have since reached the semi-finals in three editions of the competition, as well as the last four in three World Cup tournaments, they have failed to secure a title. “There is always extra pressure when it comes to our performances at ICC (International Cricket Council) tournaments,” De Villiers said on Wednesday. “Our performances have not been a true reflection of the talent and skill that we possess, and this year we will be out to change that. “We will always have this monkey on our back until we win the competition, so hopefully this time around we will be able to overcome the pressure.” The Proteas are in Group B alongside world champions India, World Twenty20 title holders West Indies, and Pakistan. “I personally think every opponent in our group is a threat,” De Villiers said. “Our recent 3-2 win over Pakistan only highlighted the threat they can pose in the limited-overs format, and India and West Indies can both be destructive if they arrive on the day. AGENCIES


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SACA has always maintained that it has not breached Rule 4 of the Rules for Interstate Competitions but accepts that the Cricket Australia grievance tribunal process is now complete and a $15,000 penalty issued — Keith Bradshaw

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csk end sh’s unbeaten home run T HYDERBABAD AGENCIES

H E Sunrisers Hyderabad suffered their first defeat on home soil this season as a Suresh Raina-inspired Chennai Super Kings trounced them by 77 runs in Hyderabad on Wednesday. The Super Kings, bouncing back from a bad loss to Mumbai over the weekend, ensured that they are within reach of a playoff place with a comprehensive victory at the Sunrisers’ fortress, as the hosts were dismantled in their attempt to chase down a target of 224. Raina hit an unbeaten 99 off 52 balls while David Hussey became the highest run-scorer in this season’s IPL with 67 off 42. They helped Chennai post the highest total for any team at playing at the Hyderabad ground this season. The Sunrisers had won the toss and elected to bowl first, but their bowlers looked completely out of their depth as the Super Kings batsmen took them to task. Ishant Sharma was particularly woeful with the ball as he finished with 4-0-66-0, the worst figures in IPL

history. Dale Steyn was impressive in his four-over spell, conceding just 17 runs, but his prowess was not enough to stop the Super Kings from racking up the runs. Raina’s knock took him past 400 runs in this year’s IPL, and he became the first player in the history of the tournament to pass the 400-run mark in every edition of the tournament as the visitors set their hosts an imposing total. In their chase, the Sunrisers got off to a bad start with Shikhar Dhawan run out in the second over after attempting a quick leg bye. Skipper Kumar Sangakkara couldn’t do much and contributed just three before he top-edged to short fine leg where Chris Morris took a simple catch off Ravi Ashwin’s bowling. Hanuma Vihari then followed, caught off Raina’s bowling by Murali Vijay as the hosts stumbled to 55-3. Darren Sammy was gone in the next over and the Sunrisers were in all sorts of trouble at 62-4. Parthiv Patel was looking steady and had managed 44 off 30 before he too was sent on his way, caught at deep square leg by Vijay off Mohit Sharma. Thisara Perera briefly looked like he

banGladesh leadership blames poor batting for loss

might be able to change the impossible to the improbable, but after whacking 23 off 13, he too was dismissed. Just one ball after being dropped, Perera was foxed by a slower ball from Dwayne Bravo and ended up getting a thin edge down to third man where Subramaniam Badrinath took a good catch as the embarrassment continued for the home side. Amit Mishra was the next to go, in the unluckiest of fashions when Karan

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Sharma hit the ball straight back to Ravi Jadeja who happened to get a finger on it and Mishra had backed up too much. The Sunrisers were capitulating and at 110-7 after 15.2 overs, they needed a miracle, but it wasn’t to be. Karan Sharma stuck it out to the end with an unbeaten 39 off 33 and Steyn hit a few lusty blows to help keep his side’s net-run rate in check, but a poor allround performance was the undoing of the home side in the end.

Steven Smith is expected to be fit for the upcoming Australia A series in England despite suffering a back injury that has forced his withdrawal from the remainder of the IPL. Cricket Australia on Thursday confirmed that Smith was returning home from India due to the issue with his lower back, which was likely to make him unavailable for any more matches with Pune Warriors. However, his role as vice-captain to Brad Haddin for the Australia A games, which begin on June 7, is not expected to be in doubt. “While the injury is minor, Pune respected Smith’s upcoming playing commitments and advised it was best for him to return to Australia for treatment,” Cricket Australia said in a statement. “CA expects Smith to be fully fit for his upcoming commitments with Australia A, where he will be vice-captain.” Smith missed out on a place in Australia’s Ashes squad despite being one of the strongest performers with the bat on the recent Test tour of India, where his footwork against the spinners put him second only to captain Michael Clarke on Australia’s batting averages. He has also topped the average for Pune Warriors so far in their IPL campaign with 159* runs at 39.75.

Pakistan face lebanon in rugby final LAHORE StAFF REpoRt

The Pakistan rugby team won there first semifinal against Laos by 31-25 at Sharjah Stadium in Asian Five Nation Division Four tournament. Pakistan played good rugby in the first half with Captain Arslan Zahid scoring first try from and was followed by Tahir who scored another. At about try at half time Pakistan 18-5. In the second half Laos reply quickly and respond well. They score three more tries in 2nd half. From Pakistan Babar, Shakeel and Arslan Zahid score tries. At the end Pakistan won by 31-25 to face Lebanon in the Final of event.

Pakistan team group photo with coach Roger Cambus.

bCb to investigate Mushfiqur resignation BULAWAYO AGENCIES

BULAWAYO AGENCIES

Moments before Mushfiqur Rahim announced his resignation as captain, he and his deputy Mahmudullah had blamed the Bangladesh top order for the 1-2 defeat to Zimbabwe. Mushfiqur was among the top five batsmen who hadn’t scored a halfcentury in the series. Bangladesh had also lost all three tosses, but Mushfiqur said it was a matter of handling the conditions rather than relying on luck. They had gone 1-0 up after the first game in Harare but lost the next two. “Luck is not everything,” Mushfiqur said. “We are a much better team than how we played in this ODI series but we couldn’t prove it, especially with the bat. None of the top five could score a fifty in the series, which is very disappointing. We regularly lost early wickets, which affected our scoring rate. If we had scored 270 on all three occasions, it would have been a different ball game. “Obviously that’s [complacent] what they looked like. I wouldn’t say Zimbabwe bowled too badly but we lost early wickets and we went into the last ten overs with only a few wickets in hand. It hampered our performance.” Mushfiqur, Tamim Iqbal, Shakib Al Hasan and Mohammad Ashraful averaged less than 22 in the series, and Bangladesh often replied on the lower-middle order to bail them out of tough spots. Nasir Hossain and Mahmudullah were the only batsmen to aggregate more than 100 runs in the series. “I wouldn’t blame the wicket. I would rather say that the top-order didn’t bat well,” Mushfiqur said. “We couldn’t do that well in the first match either. In all three matches, the lower middle-order backed up well. “I think the toss was also very important, so we also needed some luck. Our target was to bat second, because we are good at chasing totals. But we couldn’t do well with the bat, and hence lost the series.”

Emotional outburst is now the accepted rationale of Mushfiqur Rahim’s resignation from the Bangladesh captaincy but BCB president Nazmul Hassan has vowed to get to the bottom of this sudden decision, hinting that there were other contributing factors. Mushfiqur’s inability to control himself has been well known to those close to him, and given how easily Bangladesh went down to Zimbabwe in the ODI on Wednesday, it was enough for him to get riled and defeat to Zimbabwe would obviously lead to anger in the Bangladesh dressing-room. There were far too many poor shots played by senior batsmen, including Mushfiqur, and the bowling was not efficient enough to defend 247 on Wednesday or 252 in the 2nd ODI. In general, there was a lack of hunger, noticeable in the players’ body language. There was, predictably, a lot of expectation on Bangladesh. A team that can beat West Indies and Sri Lanka would certainly be expected to win the subsequent series against Zimbabwe. Instead the pressure of expectation got to the players, some taking the contest too lightly while others, like Mushfiqur, visibly crumbled. When he took over as captain in 2011, former Bangladesh national selector Faruque Ahmed, who picked Mushfiqur at the age of 16 to play the Lord’s Test in 2005, pointed out only one blemish in Mushfiqur’s make-up, saying: “He has difficulty handling matters when he doesn’t do well himself.” In essence, Faruque meant that when his batting or wicketkeeping sees bad days, he has a difficult time coming to terms with it. At the time this was a minor factor as some argued that he was mature enough to keep a positive outlook

in tough times. There was a short honeymoon period in his captaincy before losses to Pakistan at home, but over the last 12 months, Mushfiqur has led well and kept the team on an even keel. But in Zimbabwe, his preparation was hampered by poorly organised practice sessions and trouble in the hotel. For someone who is very particular with preparation, these were important issues that needed to be taken care of. Then came the 335-run defeat in the first Test, after which Bangladesh recovered with a series-equalling win in the second Test. Mushfiqur led from the front, his 93 in the second innings being the clinching factor. But the 2-1 ODI series defeat ultimately became the trigger for his announcement. He talked to BCB president Hassan on Wednesday night, but like he told his teammates and the media earlier, he did not elaborate on the “why” and “why now”. Apparently he was sobbing as he talked to

Hassan, who was critical of the time he chose to quit, especially as it was done while on tour and with two more matches left to play. “Mushfiqur couldn’t speak properly when I called him,” Hassan said. “He was probably choking back tears. He just told me that he can’t give proper leadership, and that there were issues with teamwork. We will investigate all of this when the team returns. “But it wasn’t smart to give up the captaincy while on tour. We will find out upon his return why he quit so suddenly. We need to find out what compelled him to take this decision, if there were any instigating factors. If we find anyone guilty of hampering our team’s progress in any way, we will definitely take action.” Hassan said he will also talk to Mushfiqur about some of the shots the senior batsmen played. Throughout the three ODIs, there were ordinary dismissals from the top and middle-order batsmen that led to collapses but while they recovered through Nasir Hossain, Mahmudullah and one occasion Abdur Razzak, it was not enough in the second and third ODIs. “We probably still don’t know how to bat in such conditions,” Hassan said. “But at the same time, the way some of the batsmen gave away their wickets at crucial times was just astonishing. I have told the management to investigate already, but I think it’s best to talk to Mushfiqur directly.” The Bangladesh captaincy has changed hands quite frequently over the last decade, despite the cultural subtext that success was not always the defining factor. Since the team loses more often, the captains over the years have been expected to lead from the front. In his stint, Mushfiqur has done it well on the field, but this move will lose him a lot of goodwill.


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It was a hard finish, especially the last kilometre, It was super fast and then there was the crash. I saw I had a gap and so I had to go full gas for the last 800 metres — John Degenkolb

Makarova hands azarenka first loss in 2013 IVANOVIC WITHSTANDS ROBSON CHALLENGE

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ICTORIA Azarenka lost for the first time this year as she went down 1-6 6-2 6-3 to unseeded Russian Ekaterina Makarova in the second round of the Madrid Open. The Belarussian world No 3, runner-up here for the last two years, lost her temper and was docked a point for smashing her racket as she suffered a shock defeat against her 24th-ranked opponent after cruising through the first set. However, Makarova raised her game to take the second set and after Azarenka smashed her racket on the ground at 3-3 in the decider the Australian Open champion’s game fell apart. The umpire had already warned Azarenka at the end of the first set for a show of temper and

rosberG as Good as haMilTon, says berGer SPORTS DESk Former McLaren driver Gerhard Berger refuted suggestions that Nico Rosberg may not be able to live up to Lewis Hamilton’s ability over the course of the season. Hamilton has helped the Brackley-based marque achieve considerable success over the first four races of his debut season and currently lies third in the drivers’ championship. The ex-McLaren man has also consistently outqualified Rosberg although the German did secure pole position at the Bahrain Grand Prix. However, Rosberg could not capitalise on the front-row start and suffered tyre management problems. By the end of the race, he could only finish in ninth while Hamilton pulled off a late surge to secure ten valuable points. Berger does not disagree and pointed towards Rosberg’s track record over the past three seasons. “That’s what they said about (Rosberg alongside Michael) Schumacher,” Berger told Auto Motor und Sport. “Rosberg has proved how good he is. If he can also hold Hamilton at bay, it will be another milestone. “For me, those two (Rosberg and Hamilton) are on the same level. Each has his own strengths. “One has the cooler head, the other more emotion, and it’s pretty even.” Moreover, Berger believes that Mercedes, as an engine supplier, always had the potential to become one of the frontrunners/ .“It’s not surprising,” he insisted, “because they have the best engine and two great drivers.” “It was clear that at some point they would start to get the chassis right. “Step by step they are coming to the front.” Mercedes are in fourth in the constructors’ championship and are doing much better than traditional heavyweights McLaren, amassing 41 more points than the Woking outfit.

Laura Robson could not build on her triumph over Agnieszka Radwanska in the Mutua Madrid Open and succumbed to a battling defeat against Ana Ivanovic. Robson - who has split with Croatian coach Zeljko Krajan, it was announced - had plenty of opportunities to claim another famous scalp in a matter of days after hammering Radwanska on Monday. She took the first set and served for the match at 5-3 in the decider, but the 2008 French Open champion came storming back to book her place in the quarter-finals with a 5-7 6-2 7-6 (7/5) win in two hours and 13 minutes. The encounter contained 83 unforced errors and 15 breaks of serve between them, so it was perhaps unsurprising that Robson served a double fault on match point although no one could argue that it was not gripping. Robson, 19, secured her first win over a player ranked in the world’s top five two days ago although she came stumbling out of the blocks today and while she saved two break points in her opening service game, a double fault handed the advantage to Ivanovic before Robson hit a forehand long. She immediately broke back, however, and the game went with serve for the next few games. At 5-5 and 30 all, Robson appeared to be under pressure but showed her growing maturity with two outstanding forehand winners before then setting up a set point in the next game, which she duly converted when Ivanovic meekly sent a backhand into the net. SpoRtS DESK

when she infringed again she was docked a point. “I just felt it was a weird call for me because I had no idea I had a code violation,” she said afterwards “But, I mean, it happened. It didn’t help, for sure, but it’s okay. It’s my own fault.” Playing in her first event since her withdrawal at Indian Wells in March due to an ankle injury, Azarenka said the lay-off had affected her. “I have been making mistakes that I don’t do but that’s what comes after not playing for a long

time,” she added. “So I still have another tournament before the French Open to compete in and I’m going to go back on the practice court as I always do and work hard to improve. “I have to give Ekaterina credit. She played well. I felt like I had a lot of chances, I just didn’t take them.” Makarova had beaten Azarenka once in four previous meetings. She now has seven career wins against top-10 opponents but Azarenka is her highest-ranked victim.

bolT wins 100M in PhoTo finish Six-time Olympic gold medalist Usain Bolt edged teammate Kemar Bailey-Cole in a photo finish to win the 100 metres at the Cayman Invitational track meet on Wednesday. Jamaica’s Bolt kicked his 100-metre season off on Wednesday with a less than impressive time of 10.09 seconds at the Truman Bodden Sports Complex. Bailey-Cole, who finished with the same time, is one of Bolt’s training partners. Antiguan Daniel Bailey finished third with a time of 10.23. Bolt has been battling a hamstring problem but said that wasn’t to blame for the slow time. “It was just a bad race,” he said. “I just have to go back and figure out with my coach what went wrong. “I felt it (hamstring injury) slightly. It wasn’t a bothering pain so I can’t blame it on that.” In the women’s events, American Carmelita Jeter became the first to finish in under 11 seconds in the 100 metres, winning with a time of 10.95. SpoRtS DESK

nadal through to last 16 at Madrid open MADRID AGENCIES

Spanish duo Rafael Nadal and David Ferrer thrilled the home crowd with relatively untroubled performances to advance to the last-16 of the Mutua Madrid Open. However, fellow seeds Tomas Berdych and Jo-Wilfried Tsonga were given stiff tests. Fifth seed Nadal, who is looking for backto-back titles after triumphing in Barcelona two weeks ago, needed one hour and 26 minutes to wrap up his 6-3 6-4 victory over determined Frenchman Benoit Paire. Nadal, whose hopes of claiming another title ahead of the French Open were boosted by Tuesday’s shock departure of world number one Novak Djokovic, paid tribute to his beaten foe today. “That’s an important victory today,” he said on the ATP Tour website. “Each match in this kind of tournament is very demanding from the first round. “He was a very uncomfortable opponent. He makes you play quite badly. He doesn’t give you any rhythm. He has one of the best backhands in the circuit, without any doubt.” Compatriot Ferrer bounced back from his setback in the Barcelona Open by swatting aside Denis Istomin. The world number four was defeated by Russian qualifier Dmitry

Tursunov at the Real Club de Tenis Barcelona in the second round two weeks ago but he showed no ill-effects of the loss with a 7-5 6-2 win today against his Uzbekistan opponent. Sixth seed Berdych became the second player this week - after Andy Murray yesterday - to win his 400th career match although he was pushed all the way by Poland’s Jerzy Janowicz. The Czech faced nine break points in the match but managed to save eight of them as he came through 6-7 (3/7) 6-3 6-2. Tsonga,

seeded seventh, also found the going tough but the Frenchman managed to just edge out Dutch qualifier Robin Haase 7-6 (7/5) 7-6 (7/2) in one hour and 46 minutes. Eleventh seed Nicolas Almagro was the day’s biggest casualty, the Spaniard going down 7-6 (7/4) 4-6 6-2 against Russia’s Mikhail Youzhny although there were no such worries for 14th seed Kei Nishikori, who was a 7-5 6-2 winner over Viktor Troicki. Tommy Haas overcame Spanish wild card Tommy Robredo 6-3 7-5, Kevin

Anderson saw off Juan Monaco 7-6 (7/5) 36 6-4 and Stanislas Wawrinka eased past Santiago Giraldo 6-3 6-3. In the women’s draw, Victoria Azarenka suffered her first defeat of the year following, against Ekaterina Makarova. All looked to be going to plan for the Australian Open champion, who was playing her second match since an ankle injury, when she won the first set but her Russian opponent rallied to a 1-6 6-2 63 victory, which included winning the final five games of the match. “I have to give Ekaterina credit - she played really well,” Azarenka, who had won all 18 of her matches this year prior to today, said on the WTA Tour website. “I felt like I had a lot of chances, I just didn’t take them. “I put myself down a little bit. I didn’t play for a long time. I haven’t lost a match for a long time. But this happens - it was going to happen sooner or later anyway. “I just want to do better in the next tournament and kind of pick it up.” Laura Robson failed to build on her win over world number four Agnieszka Radwanska as 16th seed Ana Ivanovic claimed a 5-7 6-2 7-6 (7/5) win in two hours and 13 minutes to book a quarter-final match against Angelique Kerber, who saw off 2009 French Open champion Svetlana Kuznetsova 3-6 6-4 7-5 in the third round.


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It is always the couple of days before the fight which is the worst, I think every boxer will tell you the same because you need to start cutting down on what you are eating — Ricky Burns

scott to stay grounded after Masters win

AUgUSTA AGENCIES

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ASTERS champion Adam Scott admits he has been “floating in the clouds” since his win at Augusta, but has shunned celebrations as he focuses on more major titles. Scott returns to action at The Players Championship at Sawgrass on Thursday, almost a month after his memorable victory over Angel Cabrera on the second play-off hole. The 32-year-old has been overwhelmed by the reaction to his first major triumph, which came nine months after squandering a four-shot lead with four holes to play in the Open Championship at Royal Lytham. Prime minister Julia Gillard was among those to congratulate Scott on becoming the first Australian to win a Green Jacket, but plans for a celebration back in Adelaide have been put on hold. “I was very tempted to go

home but I talked it over with the people around me and we are in the middle of the year,” Scott told a pretournament press conference. “It’s a cause for celebration but we have a plan in place and hopefully it’s not going to stop with the Masters. “I want to keep focused and try and make this my biggest year yet. I think we can rustle up some celebration when I get home at the end of the year.” “I’ve had a really nice break, which I had planned anyway, but it was even better because I was floating around on the clouds the last three weeks. It’s been an overwhelming time for me, so many people reached out to me, I was blown away. “I put the clubs away for a week longer than I normally would to just unwind and get away, but the last week I had Brad [Malone] my coach back with me on the range, we quickly got back into it and after a couple of days the swing was still feeling good. “You get itchy feet and are ready to get back out here and compete and I am looking forward to this week. It’s a

nice week to come back because I have had such a great run here over the years (becoming the youngest winner in 2004). Hopefully I can take my head out of the clouds, come back down to earth and play some good golf.” The world number three had looked set to break his major duck at Lytham last year, only to bogey the last four holes to finish a shot behind Ernie Els, who birdied the 18th. But he used that as motivation for the rest of the season and carried that into this year’s Masters, where he birdied the 72nd hole to seemingly clinch victory and then repeated the trick on the second play-off hole after Cabrera had matched his birdie on the 18th to force extra holes. “The Open was obviously a disappointing loss but it was a motivator and Bridgestone [the WGC Invitational] and the US PGA were just around the corner,” Scott added. “I felt I had never swung the club as good as I did at the Open, it was a chance for me to go out at the PGA and right the wrong of Lytham.

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siddiQ evenT in seMis sTaGe LAHORE: The 10th M Siddiq Memorial cricket event has reached into the semifinal stage. Yuslim Club and Servis Club have reached into the semifinal while Aligarh Club and National Gym have qualified for quarters. Shining Club have moved into 2nd round. The last initial round match between Model Town Club and Wahdat Eaglets will be played on May 16 at Model Town Ground and winner will face with shining club SEvEN CLUBS CONfIRMED IN QUARTERS: The prominent 2nd round 7 clubs of the city reached the quarterfinal of 16th Tauseef Trophy cricket championship i.e Ghari Shaho Gym, Muslimabad Gym, Servis Club, Mughalpura Whites, Akhter Abdul Rehman Club and Wahdat Eaglets and Aligarh Club. Remaining match for quarterfinals will be played between Model Town club and Yuslim Club in next week. The four semifinal will play league matches. Every club will play 3 matches. Meanwhile 2 quarterfinal will be played on May 12. YASEEN AKHTER EvENT IN fULL SWING: The 28th M Yaseen Akhter Memorial cricket event has reached in semifinal stage. Three clubs i.e Rising Star Club, Ghulam Qadir Memorial Club and Jallo Gym have reached into the quarterfinal. while National Gym has reached in semifinal stage. Model Town Gym, Model Towl Greens have reached into the 3rd round while Aligarh Club, Wahdat Eaglets, Shining Club and Cantonment Gym have qualified for 2nd round. EAST ZONE CHAMPIONSHIP BEGINS fROM LAST WEEK: The East Zone cricket championship will begin from the end of this month. Meanwhile East Zone Tournament Committee meeting will be held on May 15 at 5:00 pm under the chairmanship of Waqar-ul-Munir chairman Tournament Committee. Meeting will be held at Chairman’s house. In the meeting all arrangements will be finalized regarding the championship. All members of the committee are advised to attend the meeting in time. StAFF REpoRt

Manchester United appoint Everton boss SPORTS DESk

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ANCHESTER United have appointed Sir Alex Ferguson’s recommendation David Moyes to replace the 71-year-old as manager at Old Trafford. Moyes, out of contract at the end of the season, leaves Everton after 11 years in charge at Goodison Park. The 50-year-old Scot has agreed a six-year deal and will replace Ferguson, who announced his retirement on Wednesday after 26 years, on 1 July. “We unanimously agreed on David Moyes,” said Ferguson. “There is no question he has all the qualities we expect of a manager at this club.” Moyes, who will be introduced as United boss in “due course”, said it was “a great honour” to be appointed as the new manager of the Premier League champions. “I am delighted that Sir Alex saw fit to recommend me for the job. I have great respect for everything he has done and for the football club. “I know how hard it will be to follow the best manager ever, but the opportunity to manage Manchester United isn’t something that comes around very often and I’m really looking forward to taking up the post next season.” Moyes also paid tribute to current club

Everton and vowed to remain fully committed until the end of the season. “I have had a terrific job at Everton, with a tremendous chairman and board of directors, and a great set of players. Between now and the end of the season, I will do everything in my power to make sure we finish as high as possible in the table. “Everton’s fantastic fans have played a big part in making my years at Goodison so enjoyable and I thank them wholeheartedly for the support they have given me and the players. Everton will be close to me for the rest of my life.” Everton said in a statement: “The chairman, on behalf of the club, would like to place on record his thanks to David for the massive contribution he has made to Everton since his arrival in March 2002. He has been an outstanding manager.” Moyes was installed as favourite to leave Everton for United following a rush of bets over the weekend, even before speculation mounted about Ferguson’s retirement. Ferguson, who stays at Old Trafford as a director and ambassador, has had a close relationship with his successor throughout his managerial career and considered appointing him as his assistant when Moyes was in charge at Preston North End. Moyes had insisted he would make any

WAYNE ROONEY NOT FOR SALE: MAN UNITED David Moyes is facing his first major test as Manchester United manager - and he has not even been appointed yet. It is understood in an informal chat with Sir Alex Ferguson a couple of weeks ago, Rooney suggested it would be better if he made a fresh start away from Old Trafford. United have rejected the idea out of hand and insisted: “Wayne Rooney is not for sale.” However, it is thought Rooney has been unimpressed at being asked to play out of position during the latter weeks of the season and with Robin van Persie impressing in his debut campaign, wondered whether he had a future at United. Ferguson’s impending departure, coupled with Moyes’ impending arrival, brings Rooney back together with his first boss at Everton. The rift caused by comments Rooney made about Moyes in his autobiography has now been healed. However, with two years remaining on his contract, United must make a move or risk Rooney electing to let the deal run down and leave for nothing. That is an unpalatable prospect, yet there have been suggestions Rooney will be asked to take a pay cut from the mega deal he signed in 2010 - days after handing in a transfer request - which would not go down well either. Ferguson had not forgotten how Rooney effectively held the club to ransom in the aftermath of Cristiano Ronaldo’s exit, something he vowed not to let happen again. SpoRtS DESK

decision on his Everton future until the end of the season, but has now accepted the challenge of succeeding the man many have seen as his mentor. He has won widespread acclaim for consistently guiding Everton into the

upper reaches of the Premier League on a limited budget, including reaching the qualifying stages of the Champions League in 2005, when they lost to eventual semi-finalists Villarreal. Moyes has not won a trophy in his time at

Goodison Park but United’s hierarchy - and no doubt Ferguson - have been impressed by the stability he has brought and his ability to keep Everton punching above their financial weight. The second message posted on Man Utd’s Facebook page on Thursday afternoon.


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Friday, 10 May, 2013

sc for ‘energy emergency’ to overcome load shedding ISLAMABAD

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HE Supreme Court of Pakistan on Thursday observed there was a dire need to put energy emergency to overcome load shedding in the country, as the country had a capacity to generate 21,000 to 22,000 Megawatts while the production was much less than the capacity. A three-member bench headed by Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry resumed hearing in a

suo moto case regarding load shedding and energy crisis in the country. The bench noted that even though the country had a capacity to generate electricity, what elements were creating obstacles to do the needful. The CJP remarked that no one was serious in tackling the issue which was the most crucial thing at the moment. “There is a need to put energy emergency in the country to meet the demands”, the CJP stated. During the course of proceeding, Advocate Iftikhar Gilani apprised the court that PEPCO Managing Director Zaigham had been given

additional charge of National Transmission & Dispatch Company (NTDC) Limited, thus being overburdened. He said he would submit the report in next hearing. Representative of Alternate Energy Development Board (AEDB) informed the court that internationally solar and wind energy sources were cheaper compared to the others. The CJP said nothing had been done by the board and all things were only on paper, as the board had only installed a few wind mills in Sindh and nothing else. He questioned that why they were not focusing on geo-thermal energy pro-

duction. The AEDB representative replied that this technique was not appreciated internationally, even by India, where they were generating 18,000MW from wind, 3,000MW from hydro and 1,000MW from solar energy. The CJP said the only thing needed was sincerity. He said if they were facing any problem regarding law making, the board should consult the government and show their seriousness. The PEPCO MD apprised the court that at the moment the total power production in the country was 10,131MW while the shortage was 3,500MW.

The CJP said it was beyond understanding why there was a shortage when the total capacity of electricity generation was 22,000MW. The PEPCO MD said it was due to power theft and pilferage by the people. Later, the court issued notices to the finance secretary regarding the financial burden on the economy on generating electricity. The court also issued notices to SNGPL and SSGC to apprise the court regarding gas load management in the country and adjourned further hearing for a week.

GovT foiled Plans To saboTaGe Polls: niZaMi

ISLAMABAD StAFF REpoRt

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf supporters swarm D Chowk during an address by party chief Imran Khan on Thursday. oNLINE

President gives overseas Pakistanis right to vote ISLAMABAD StAFF REpoRt

President Asif Ali Zardari on Thursday approved and signed the Electoral Laws (Amendment) Ordinance, 2013 to facilitate overseas Pakistanis to cast their vote from abroad. Giving details of the ordinance, the spokesman to the president, Senator Farhatullah Babar said the ordinance provides that at least 14 days before the day fixed

for poll abroad, the Election Commission of Pakistan shall set up polling stations with as many polling booths as maybe necessary in the premises of an embassy, a mission or a consulate provided that the Ministry of Foreign Affairs has obtained consent of the host countries for establishment of the polling stations. He added that the ordinance says that an overseas Pakistani, not later than 10 days before the day fixed for poll abroad, register

himself as an elector in the embassy, mission or consulate where he intends to cast his vote. “To ensure the conduct of free, fair and transparent poll, the Election Commission of Pakistan shall appoint as many independent monitors as necessary at a polling station abroad,” Babar quoted the ordinance as stating. He said the ordinance shall come into force at once but shall take effect on the date or dates to be notified by the ECP in the official gazette.

sc issues conTeMPT noTice To PreMier ISLAMABAD: Supreme Court (SC) on Thursday issued contempt of court notices to caretaker Prime Minister (PM) Mir Hazar Khan Khoso, the establishment secretary and principal secretary to PM in transfer of grade-20 officers’ case, seeking reply from them within seven days. A three-member bench of the SC headed by Justice Jawwad S Khawaja heard the case. The petitioner Shafqat Naghmi presented a list of 20 officers in the court who were transferred during March. The court in its suo moto notice had directed the federal government and establishment division to explain as to why transfer orders were issued despite court orders. Making transfers in this way is breach of law and constitution, the court said. The details provided to the court reflect that the court’s orders have been violated since the caretaker government was not authorised to make these transfers, the court noted. The hearing of the case was adjourned for one week.oNLINE

OPF DG FIRED FOR TAKING UP INQUIRY BEFORE SC ISLAMABAD ANWER AbbAS

An official from the Overseas Pakistanis Foundation (OPF), who was supposed to file an inquiry report in the Supreme Court (SC) in connection with the vast irregularities and financial miss-appropriations in OPF, has been reportedly removed from his position on directions of interim Federal Minister for Overseas Pakistanis Feroz Jamal Kakakhel, prior to submission of the inquiry report, Pakistan today has learnt reliably. Syed Khalid Ali Raza Gardaizi, who was earlier in the Establishment Division, was on deputation in OFP serving as Human Resource and Administration DG since March 2012. Following a high-level inquiry in March 2000, a detailed report

comprising 57 pages was compiled regarding massive irregularities, corruption and financial miss-appropriations in OPF; however, the report was later dumped and efforts were made to hide the issue. Later, in light of the apex court’s directives, Gardaizi took up the issue and searched for the report of the said inquiry so it could be presented before the court. While he was involved in efforts to recover the file and present it in court by May 27, he was removed from his position, allegedly because some powerful blue eyed officials close to the caretaker minister were not in favour of giving life to the dead issue. Gardaizi was henceforth removed from his position on directions of the OPF minister. Deciding not to bow down before corruption and injustice, Gardaizi has filed a

plea in SC against the decision of his forced removal. The inquiry committee that probed the massive irregularities in OPF focused on service/personnel matters and development projects. The report had said the OPF management over the years did not adhere to the prescribed procedures under the OPF service rules in initial recruitment, promotion, absorption and various other matters. The committee mentioned in the report that it had discovered several cases that reflected political influence, favouritism/ nepotism or outright negligence on part of the administration. It also said a large number of inadequately qualified officers had been recruited, resulting in an overall poor performance of the organisation. The committee also recommended termination of

officers who were recruited without merit including M A Sherazi (Director), Khawar Noor (Joint Director), Abrar Ahmed Awan (Joint Director), Mohammad Azam (Superintendent), Tahir Ali Mirza (Welfare Officer), Salahiddin M Hasani (GM), A A Asad Khan (GM), Salim Iqbal (Joint Director), Malik Javed Akhtar (Joint Director), Mustafa Haider (Assistant Director), Ashfaq Ahmed Sheikh (Welfare Officer), Mashkoor Haider (Superintendent), Chaudhry Jamshed Akhtar (Assistant Director), Zafar Khan (Deputy Director), Waqar Aziz (Assistant Director) and Saifur Rehman Khan (GM). In addition, the inquiry committee also recommended reversion of promotions of 23 employees who were promoted in violation of rules, and called for action against those who were behind the illegal promotions.

Published by Arif Nizami at Plot # 7, Al-Baber Centre, F/8 Markaz, Islamabad.

Caretaker Information and Broadcasting Minister Arif Nizami on Thursday revealed that some forces were trying to sabotage the election process by targeting a specific political party in Karachi but the interim government had foiled their nefarious designs through coordinated efforts with the law enforcement agencies. The information minister called upon the masses to come out on the polling day to play their role for the development of the nation. “The government has made all arrangements for holding the general elections in a fair‚ free and transparent way,” he said. He said Pakistan came into being through the power of vote and exercising the right to vote by every citizen was necessary to take the country forward on the path of progress and prosperity. The information minister said that government was making utmost efforts to provide security to candidates and the voters and all available resources are being utilised in this regard. He said there was complete coordination and harmony among the federal and the provincial governments and the law enforcement agencies. The information minister said the pledge of the caretaker government to hold free and fair election was reaching its logical end and expressed the hope that the election process would be completed smoothly. He called upon the masses to play their role to defeat the negative forces, saying it was a fight between right and wrong and by coming out on Election Day, the masses could defeat the anti-state forces. To a question‚ the minister said that it was a good omen that nationalist parties were taking part in election in Balochistan, adding that their participation in the elections would yield positive results. To a question regarding the kidnapping of PPP candidate Ali Haider Gilani‚ the information minister said the government was fully conscious of the issue and the provincial government was investigating into the incident. To a question‚ Nizami said security arrangements had been made for international journalists and observers and government was fully facilitating journalists covering the election activities.


e-paper pakistantoday 10th May, 2013