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MUSLIM LAWYER DEFENDING BLASPHEMY ACCUSED GUNNED DOWN STORY ON PAGE 02

PML-N GOVT PUSHING COUNTRY INTO ‘DEBT TRAP’: DR PASHA STORY ON PAGE 05

THREE KILLED AS TRAIN DERAILS NEAR NAWABSHAH Thursday, 8 May, 2014 Rajab 8, 1435 Rs 17.00 Vol IV No 309 16 Pages Islamabad Edition

STORY ON PAGE 05

PAKISTAN’S HC IN INDIA UNDER THREAT! STORY ON PAGE 02

PM CALLS POWER OUTAGES UNACCEPTABLE STORY ON PAGE 05

Tsunami’s firsT wave hiTs courTs After Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Chairman Imran Khan appeared in Lahore High Court to submit evidence of poll rigging in last year’s elections in Lahore’s constituency NA-122, party’s supporters violated the decorum of the court by storming into the courtroom of Chief Justice (CJ) Umar Atta Bandial. Policemen were called in to control the PTI mob while CJ Bandial, displeased with the disturbance, left the courtroom. STORIES ON PAGE 03

WINDS OF CHANGE TO BLOW AGAIN ON 11TH

Arrested FBI Agent mAy wAlk Free on BAIl US authorities confirm Joel Cox’s identity, say he was in Pakistan to train police STORY ON PAGE 02


02 NEWS PAKISTAN’S HC IN INDIA UNDER THREAT! PAKISTAN URGES INDIA TO PROVIDE SECURITY TO DIPLOMATS NEW DELHI: Pakistan has demanded enhanced security from India for its diplomats after Pakistan’s High Commissioner to India, Abdul Basit, and other staff members of the high commission received threatening letters, Indian media reported on Wednesday. Official Indian sources confirmed that the Pakistan High Commission has received letters in the past few days in which the Pakistani officials are threatened of harm. Basit raised the matter with Pakistan’s Ministry of External Affairs on Tuesday after which Pakistan has demanded of India to launch a thorough investigation into the matter, adding that it was New Delhi’s responsibility to ensure the security of Pakistani diplomats in India. AGENCIES

FIVE KILLED IN TALIBAN INFIGHTING WANA: At least five terrorists were killed in clash between two Taliban groups in South Waziristan on Wednesday. According to reports, clashes between the two groups, Shehryar Mehsud and Sajna Group, have been continuing since last week in Shawal area. As many as 17 terrorists have been killed so far in the infighting. Tension prevails in the locality due to the clashes. INP

TIRAH IDPs CONTINUE TO RETURN ISLAMABAD: The second phase of the return of IDPs belonging to Tirah valley of Khyber Agency started on Wednesday. According to Radio Pakistan quoting official sources said that all arrangements have been made for the return of IDPs. Over 7,700 families will return from Jurma Kohat and Sadda Durrani Camps to their native areas. APP

TURKEY OFFERS SUPPORT TO CURB TERRORISM ANKARA: Turkish Interior Minister Efkan Ala on Wednesday said that his country will further enhance the capacity of law enforcers of Pakistan for countering terrorism. He made this offer during a meeting with Punjab Counterterrorism Col (r) Shuja Khanzada. Ala said Turkey and Pakistan were facing similar problems and Turkey would be happy to share its experience with Pakistan in the area of counterterrorism. He showed readiness to support the Punjab government efforts for police reforms and setting up command and control centre. He said public support, democratic reforms and strong will of the political leadership had helped Turkey to combat terrorism. Both the leaders agreed to observe timelines for close cooperation in law enforcement training and technical assistance. The visiting Pakistani dignitary briefed the Turkish minister about the recent initiatives by Pakistan for wiping out the menace of terrorism. He said Pakistan has introduced effective legislation and de-radicalization programme. The Punjab government has recently raised a special counterterrorism force. INP

Thursday, 8 May 2014

arrested fBi agent may walk free on Bail KARACHI

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S Federal Bureau of Investigation(FBI) agent Joel Cox, who was arrested by Karachi police for attempting to board a flight carrying ammunition, is likely to be released on bail soon. According to reports, the police is facing severe pressure over the arrest of the US agent and authorities were considering ways to resolve the situation. Joel Cox had arrived in Pakistan three months ago to train Pakistani police. American authorities maintain that Cox was not armed during travel and that the 15 bullets of 9mm calibre were recovered from his luggage when he attempted to board a domestic flight between Karachi and Islamabad. Police also seized three small knives and a wrench along with his laptop com-

US AUTHORITIES CONFIRM JOEL COX'S IDENTITY, SAY HE WAS IN PAKISTAN TO TRAIN POLICE COX'S LAPTOP COMPUTER AND CELL PHONE BEING ANALYSED BY FORENSICS puter and cell phone. The electronic equipment has been sent to a forensics lab for analysis. Cox appeared in court Tuesday to face anti-terrorism charges, which restrict unauthorized weapons or

ammunition on commercial flights, and is scheduled to appear again on Saturday. Employees for the FBI and other US agencies are allowed to carry weapons in Pakistan when authorised. US officials hope this incident is more easily resolved than the 2011 case of a CIA contractor who was ar-

SIDDIQUI URGES TALIBAN TO MAKE HEADWAY FOR SUCCESSFUL TALKS PM’S ADVISER SAYS GOVT IS FACING PUBLIC PRESSURE ON MATTER OF HOLDING TALKS WITH TALIBAN ISLAMABAD StAff rEPort

Irfan Siddiqui, adviser to prime minister on political affairs, on Wednesday said it would not be possible for the government to continue peace talks if the Taliban make no immediate and solid headway on this count. Talking to BBC, he said the government was facing public pressure on the matter of holding talks with the Taliban. “Prolonging the talks meant for

peace is not a good omen even for talks’ process,” he underlined. “We had made it clear at the start of talks’ process that efforts will be made to take these negotiations to logic end as soon possible because this sensitive process can not be continued for indefinite period,” he added. To a question about prevailing impression of tension between government and army, he said, “This is only a pre-assumption. Several meetings have taken place between the PM Nawaz Sharif and Chief of Army Staff Raheel Sharif during the last some weeks. They have exchanged views on national matters in amicable atmosphere.” These direct meetings have eliminated the possibility of emergence of any misperception between these two leaders, he held. He said that certain elements and leaders were trying to launch movements on the back of this hypothesis. They are unaware of the

real situation and have failed to develop any correct perception of national politics and national issues. It is not even known to Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf Chairman Imran Khan what was the motive and direction of this movement which he has announced to launch from Sunday. About stand off between Jang group and the Inter-Services Intelligence, he said the government was reviewing the entire situation with all sincerity and was playing its role in keeping with law and constitution. “The PM desired that media determines parameters of its freedom on its own and evolves such code of ethics that state organs never feel any necessity to move against the media in future,” he added. Attitude and stances being pursued by different TV channels and newspapers following this dispute were breaching the privilege of their viewers and readers, he remarked.

rested and charged with killing two men. Raymond Davis said that he believed they were trying to rob him. The case inflamed local anti-American sentiment and soured relations until the United States agreed to compensate the families of the two men. Davis was then freed.

Ukraine seeks moral sUpport from pakistan ISLAMABAD: Ukrainian Ambassador to Pakistan Volodymyr Lakomov said on Wednesday that his country expected moral support from Pakistan as he termed the Russian 'aggression' a challenge for the whole world, a private TV channel reported. Addressing a press conference here, Ambassador Lakomov said that the world would have to respond to Russian 'aggression' in Crimea region and said that Russia could not accept Ukraine as an independent state. He also said the recentlyheld referendum in Crimea was not an accurate depiction of the situation as only 32 per cent of the population had participated in it. In the given situation, he said Ukraine expected Pakistan's moral support and to use its influence on a global-level rather than any military assistance. The diplomat said that Ukraine was ready to assist Pakistan reach its development goals. He also said Pakistan could make use of Ukraine's vast experience in the energy sector, and that Ukraine was exporting electricity to several European countries. AGENCIES

MUSLIM LAWYER DEFENDING BLASPHEMY ACCUSED GUNNED DOWN MULTAN StAff rEPort

Human rights activist and lawyer Rashid Rehman Khan who had been defending a blasphemy accused in Multan was gunned down in what appeared to be a targeted attack in Multan on Wednesday evening. Per details, Khan and his fellow lawyer were sitting with a client in their private chamber near Kutchery Square when two people approached them at around 8:30 pm. They climbed the stairs to the chamber, located on a higher floor, and opened fire at them. Each of the assailants fired at least 12 bullets at their victims. Following the attack, the assailants managed to es-

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cape, leaving Khan dead and others injured. They were rushed to Nishtar Hospital where Khan was pronounced dead on arrival, adding that he had received fatal injuries from three bullets. According to reports, Cantt ASP Ali Mardan Khosan said that he knew of the threats to Khan, and that they were investigating the incident. Khan, who was also a coordinator for the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) in Multan, had last month been threatened inside a courtroom in the Multan Central Jail. This had prompted the HRCP to write to the Punjab government on April 10 to express its concern. A subsequent report by the Special Branch said, “The HRCP, through a letter, expressed its serious concerns over

threats given to Rashid Rehman Khan, an advocate of the Supreme Court and lawyer of Junaid Hafeez, who is accused of blasphemy in Multan.” The report mentions three people threatening the lawyer in open court. In its letter to the Punjab government, the HRCP said that “[it] is extremely concerned about the threats given to the lawyers of Junaid Hafeez.” But no action had been taken on these threats. Khan said no case has been registered against the accused so far. “In such cases, the dangerous trend of ‘mob justice’ surfaces because people want to punish at will and this aspect is very dangerous,” he said. Khan had been attacked five times before Wednesday. However, he had managed to survive till yesterday.


Thursday, 8 May 2014

pti workers stir Up a storm in lHC CJ's CoUrtroom LAHORE

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HASHMI SAYS NO BAR ON REJOINING PML-N PTI PRESIDENT SAYS PARTY NOT SEEKING MID-TERMS POLLS

RASHID BLAMES IMRAN FOR COURT RUCKUS

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HE workers of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) on Wednesday violated the decorum of the Lahore High Court (LHC) by storming into the courtroom of Chief Justice (CJ) Umar Atta Bandial. PTI chief Imran Khan had arrived at the LHC CJ's court to submit evidence of poll rigging in May 11, 2013 elections in Lahore’s constituency NA122. However, his overzealous supporters, including lawyers, forced their way into Justice Bandial's chamber and started shouting slogans. Policemen were called in to control the PTI mob while CJ Bandial, displeased with the disturbance, left the courtroom. He was also reported to have remarked that “such environment is violation of decorum of the court which will be not tolerated". The door of the courtroom was also damaged when the lawyers and PTI workers went out after the CJ delayed the hearing.

NEWS

SAYS PTI WORKERS 'ATTACK ON COURT'S DECORUM' IS THE RESULT OF IMRAN KHAN’S IRRESPONSIBLE AND PROVOCATIVE SPEECHES AGAINST THE JUDICIARY ISLAMABAD: The act of attacking the court decorum by PTI workers is the result of Imran Khan’s irresponsible and provocative speeches against the judiciary in recent days, Information Minister Senator Pervaiz Rashid said on Wednesday. "We condemn the act of violating the court decorum as it was an attempt by PTI to pressurize an independent institution through violent means to get the verdicts in their own favour," said Rashid. "The man who cannot bring his workers in line to respect the court decorum, how can he be expected to work for the welfare and rights of the masses," he added. Rashid asked Imran to apologise to the court on behalf of his workers and train them for respecting the judiciary. He said that Imran Khan and his party workers should adopt civilized ways of behaving with institutions. He said if Imran khan wants any amendment to electoral rules, he should knock the door of parliament. "If such an irresponsible demonstration was held on streets as was done today in the court, then Imran Khan would be responsible for any damage to the lives and property of the citizens," the minister said. Rashid said that the protest scheduled on May 11 by Imran Khan is merely a manifestation of frustration as his government has failed to deliver in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. StAff rEPort

The LHC was holding a hearing into inspection of electoral record from Lahore’s constituency NA-122. Pakistan Muslim League -Nawaz’s (PML-N) leader Sardar Ayaz Sadiq was declared elected from the constituency. On a petition filed by PTI, the Elec-

fazl sUspeCts pti agenda BeHind may 11 protest ISLAMABAD StAff rEPort

Lashing out at Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Chairman Imran Khan, Fazlur Rehman of the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (JUIF) on Wednesday said that there was more to the May 11 protest call in Islamabad given by PTI and its allies than what meets the eye. Talking to journalists outside the Parliament House, Fazl asked why Imran was focusing only on rigging in four constituencies rather than protesting against poll fraud across the country. He said that the media was giving unnecessary coverage to the PTI chief. Meanwhile, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has conferred the status of federal minister on Fazl, who is the chairman of the Special Committee of the National Assembly on Kashmir. A notification in this regard has been issued by the Cabinet Division.

zardari Believes in playing it safe ISLAMABAD AGENCIES

Pakistan People’s Party Co-Chairman Asif Zardari on Wednesday said his party would not be part of agitation that could destabilise the government. "The party has very serious reservations about the May 2013 general elections and believes that invisible hands were at play to ensure pre-determined results, but it will not join any agitation or movement to upset the democratic structure,” he said while addressing a public meeting in Lower Dir in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa through a message that was read out on his behalf by his spokesman Farhatulalh Babar. The event had been organised by the KP PPP to mark the first anniversary of party workers killed in a terrorist attack during an election campaign last year. The former president said that the last year’s terrorist attacks on political rallies ahead of the elections were aimed at derailing the campaign of the PPP and to force its voters stay indoors. This was part of a larger sinister plan by invisible elements to engineer the poll results according to their own scheme, he said. Despite obvious rigging and manipulation the party would not come on the roads to protest against rigged elections he said. Zardari reminded that in the past also elections were manipulated against the PPP and democratic forces. In at least one such case of gerrymandering the involvement of invisible hands by doling out to anti PPP elements monies stolen from a bank has been recently established.

tion Commission ordered recounting of the votes in NA-122. Sadiq had challenged the decision of Election Commission in the LHC. After the court resumed the case hearing, Imran's counsel Ahmad Owais apologized to the court, saying that the PTI lawyers and workers were

not involved in the incident. The LHC CJ said, "Everyone can come to court but they should maintain the decorum." Later, the chief justice adjourning the matter till May 12 sought a written explanation from Imran's lawyer about this incident.

WINDS OF CHANGE TO BLOW AGAIN ON 11TH PTI CHIEF DENIES MAY 11 PROTESTS AIMED AT SEEKING MID-TERM POLLS, LASHES OUT AT MEDIA GROUP, PCB CHAIRMAN, SAYS PTI READY FOR VOTES RE-COUNTING IN PTI-RULED KP CONSTITUENCIES

ISLAMABAD DISTRICT ADMIN RAISES OBJECTIONS ON PTI'S APPLICATION FOR MAY 11 NOC

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Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Chairman Imran Khan on Wednesday said that the struggle for ‘change’ will restart on May 11 from D-Chowk, Islamabad. Addressing a press conference, the PTI leader said that he had appeared before the court to ask according to which law stay order was granted against the recounting of votes in NA-122. He said that the PTI was not launching the movement to seek mid-term elections rather it was aiming at strengthening the democratic system in Pakistan. “Those who think that the tsunami has died down will be shocked to see a huge crowd on May 11 and the movement of change will not end till a real change takes place in the country. “We will give a timeframe to the government to meet our charter of demands and our protest will continue till they are implemented," he said. He said that a media group had always played a negative role in pitting institutions against each other. "Why was an employee of this media group first made the caretaker chief minister of the province and then appointed as the head of the Cricket Board. He later influenced a lucrative deal in favour of his media employer," he said. Khan again alleged that the media group was involved in rigging in the May 11,2013 general elections. Moreover, Khan also said that PTI was ready for recounting of votes in KP constituencies where it won seats during last year's general election.

NOC WITHHELD: Meanwhile, the Islamabad district administration on Wednesday raised objections on an application filed by the PTI to hold a protest demonstration at D-Chowk in Islamabad on May 11. The PTI had announced that it would mark May 11 as the first anniversary of poll rigging by holding a demonstration at the central place in the federal capital. Pakistan Awami Tehreek and Jamaat-e-Islami have also announced to hold similar protests in the capital. On Wednesday, the Islamabad district administration said that it could not issue the PTI a no-objection certificate for holding the protest because it had used the word 'Jalsa' in its application. The administration also said that the party had not mentioned its preparations regarding lighting or routes in the application, and neither has it stated any time duration for holding the demonstration. The PTI has also been asked to provide its security plan after which permission may be granted.

GOVT TO ADMINISTER ANTI-POLIO DROPS AT AIRPORTS ISLAMABAD StAff rEPort

The government has decided to setup polio-administering counters at airports and other entry, exit points of the country. Talking to media on Wednesday, State Minister for Health Regulations Saira Afzal Tarar said that the travel sanctions have been rather slapped on Pakistan suddenly while India had been given an adequate advance warning of 2 months. She stressed on media to understand the importance of issue and start a public awareness campaign, instead of spreading rumors about

the issue; and while replying to a question, she said that foreign office officials had been summoned to brief on international regulations regarding the issue. To another question, she said that all instructions received regarding polio vaccination pertain to outbound Pakistani travelers, and foreign passport holders, residing in Pakistan for more than 4 weeks. Free polio cards would be distributed, while information from World Health Organization (WHO) regarding the exact date of sanctions on travel from Pakistan without polio certification is also been sought.

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Discounting use of these polio cards by travel agents, she also answered another question, informing that such restrictions had also been imposed on Middle Eastern and other countries, which would be hopefully removed. Reacting to another question, she said that those proceeding to Saudi Arabia for Hajj and Umrah were administered polio vaccination upon arrival. A representative of the KP government informed the media that special measures had been taken to administer polio drops in the province through “Health Justice” programme.

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan Tehreek-eInsaf (PTI) President Makhdoom Javed Hashmi has said that no one would stop him if he wants to rejoin his mother party, the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N). Speaking during the National Assembly (NA) session on Wednesday, Javed Hashmi seemed to miss his previous party as he said that the PML-N still respects him. He also told the NA about his sacrifices for democracy, saying he was the only one who fought against dictatorship on October 12. NO MID-TERMS: Hashmi also assured the National Assembly that his party was not in favor of midterm elections. Commenting on the law and order situation in the country, the senior PTI leader said that it was the constitutional right of the party to protest on May 11 against the rigging in the general elections of 2013. Hashmi said that all the political parties should play their role in protecting democracy and parliament at all cost. “Parliament is our mother and we will never compromise on the supremacy of the parliament,” Hashmi said. He said that all the institutions should work within their mandate for the progress of the country. “The ban on the freedom of expression is not a solution of any problem while there should be a code of conduct for the media houses in this regard,” he added. Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) MNA Rana Tanveer Hussain said the PTI should wait for the next general elections because their protest against poll rigging was not a solution for any problem. INP

SEVEN KP MINISTERS GET PORTFOLIOS PESHAWAR: Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Chief Minister Pervez Khattak on Wednesday allocated portfolios to seven provincial ministers. According to a notification issued by the KP Administration Department, Shahram Khan has been allocated the portfolio of health and IT, Mian Jamsheduddin, excise and taxation; Mahmood Khan, irrigation; Ziaullah Afridi, minerals; Ikramullah Khan Gandapur, agriculture; Mushtaq Ghani, Higher Education; and Qalandar Khan Lodhi, Food Department. INP

‘RESTORE MINISTERS OR FACE THE MUSIC’ PESHAWAR: The office-bearers and leaders of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Peshawar on Wednesday warned of protests if PTI chief Imran Khan did not restore sacked minister Shaukat Yousafzai and adviser Yasin Khalil. Addressing a press conference, PTI Peshawar General Secretary Younis Zahir and others said sacking ministers without any evidence was not justified. Both Yousafzai and Khalil were sacked without issuing any notification, he added. They said if the ministers' performance was not good then the party should have issued them showcause notices. They regretted that the provincial ministers were sacked without any evidence against them. APP


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Thursday, 8 May 2014

tHai prime minister forCed to step down PROTESTERS ACCUSE SHINAWATRA OF ACTING AS PROXY FOR HER BROTHER THAKSIN BANKOK

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HAILAND'S caretaker prime minister Yingluck Shinawatra has stepped down after a court found her guilty of abusing her power – a decision likely to provoke further street protests after six months of violent political deadlock that has already left 25 people killed and scores injured. In a unanimous decision, the

constitutional court ruled that Yingluck had acted with a hidden agenda when she transferred a senior civil servant to another position shortly after taking office in 2011. "The prime minister's status has come to an end," one of the court's nine judges said in a statement broadcast live on television. "Yingluck can no longer stay in her position acting as caretaker prime minister." Analysts called the ruling a "new and potentially dangerous escalation" of Thailand's political crisis. While Yingluck's Pheu Thai party described the verdict as a virtual coup and conspiracy to oust her from government, the 46year-old accepted the decision in an emotional press conference. "I am proud of every minute I

have worked as prime minister, because I came from a democratic election," she said. Yingluck was accused of removing Thailand's then chief of national security, Thawil Pliensri – who had been appointed by the opposition – in order to promote her brother-in-law to another post as national police chief. Although such a move was legal, the court ruled, it was done too quickly and without "moral principles". The court also ruled that the nine current cabinet ministers who were in office at the time of the transfer must also step down – among them the labour, finance and foreign ministers. While anti-government protesters are likely to be happy to see Yingluck gone, the verdict falls short of their desire to see her

entire government removed. The commerce minister, Niwatthamrong Boonsongpaisan, was named by the Thai cabinet as Yingluck's replacement until a planned general election on 20 July. While the Pheu Thai party is widely expected to win - variations of the party have won every election since 2001 - it is unclear whether anti-government protesters will allow the election to go ahead. A snap election called by Yingluck on 2 February was marred by violence and protests, with whole provinces prevented from voting. Yingluck's supporters – who mainly come from Thailand's rural north and north-east – have vowed to hold a rally on Saturday and argue that the courts have

MAN KILLS PREGNANT WIFE IN AFGHANISTAN

ROUHANI VETOES WHATSAPP BAN: REPORT TEHRAN AGENCIES

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani has vetoed a plan to ban WhatsApp, following a row over censorship of the popular messaging application, media reports said on Wednesday. Access to social networks, including Twitter and Facebook, are routinely blocked by Iranian authorities, as are other websites considered un-Islamic or

UNITED WE RESOLVE ISSUES: AFGHAN ENVOY PESHAWAR StAff rEPort

Afghan Ambassador to Pakistan Janan Musazai said that people from both the countries should work together to resolve issues through mutual understanding and cooperation. “Terrorism and militancy are serious issues before the two countries,” he said while talking to reporters in Afghan Consulate on Wednesday. Accompanied by Peshawar-based Consul General Muhammad Ibrahim Khel and other diplomats, Musazai called on Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Governor Mehtab Ahmad Khan and Chief Minister Pervez Khattak and exchanged views with them on matters related to bilateral interests. He attended a lunch hosted in his honour by Governor Sardar Mehtab Ahmad Khan in his honour. In his brief chat with media, Musazai showed satisfaction over improvement in relations between the two neighbouring countries. He said that in a period of less than a year, Afghan President Hamid Karzai and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif met four times. Similarly, ministerial visits between the two countries become order of the day. On such grounds, he was hopeful about resolving of all misunderstandings. The ambassador said that formal trade was registered at $2.5 billion but volume of informal trade was four time more than this. He, however, said that due to some problems now from 70 to 80 percent transit trade was diverted from Karachi to Iran.

detrimental to the regime. The policy is contentious and a proposal to filter WhatsApp has caused a rupture between Rouhani's administration and a 13member committee responsible for Internet censorship. The reformist Sharq daily reported that Rouhani has ordered a stop to a proposed access ban on the free messaging service. "The issue of banning WhatsApp was raised. The president has ordered a halt

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on (banning) the site," Telecommunication Minister Mahmoud Vaezi was quoted as saying. "Until the time that we have a replacement for these sites, the government opposes filtering them," he added. According to an official at the telecommunication ministry, the ban was approved by the censorship committee but not yet implemented. Government officials have voiced support for lifting the wider ban on social

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media websites. Rouhani has promised greater tolerance on social, cultural and media issues -- a vow that helped him beat his conservative opponents in the presidential election last year. But the government has faced resistance from hardliners, who oppose a reversal on such censorship.

VIETNAM AND CHINA FACE OFF IN SOUTH CHINA SEA ROW COMES DAYS AFTER OBAMA VISITS ASIA TO UNDERLINE HIS COMMITMENT TO ALLIES HANOI/BEIJING AGENCIES

Vietnam said on Wednesday a Chinese vessel intentionally rammed two of its ships in a part of the disputed South China Sea where Beijing has deployed a giant oil rig, sending tensions spiraling in the region. The foreign ministry in Hanoi said the collisions took place on Sunday and caused considerable damage to the Vietnamese ships. Six people sustained minor in-

sought to topple her at the behest of anti-government protesters led by the People's Democratic Reform Committee (PDRC). The protesters accuse her of acting as a proxy for her brother Thaksin, the former prime minister who was removed from government in 2006 and now lives in self-exile in Dubai. They have staged rallies and sit-ins at government buildings since November, sparked by the midnight passage of an amnesty bill that would have allowed Thaksin to return from exile. "The opposition will try to delay [elections] until unspecified political reforms are carried out," said Thailand analyst Jacob Hamstra of the Economist Intelligence Unit. "These changes, presumably,

juries, it said. “On May 4, Chinese ships intentionally rammed two Vietnamese Sea Guard vessels,” said Tran Duy Hai, a foreign ministry official and deputy head of Vietnam’s national border committee. “Chinese ships, with air support, sought to intimidate Vietnamese vessels. Water cannon was used,” he told a news conference in Hanoi. Six other ships were also hit, other officials said, but not as badly. Dozens of navy and

coastguard vessels from both countries are in the area where China has deployed the giant rig, Vietnamese officials have said. “No shots have been fired yet,” said a Vietnamese navy official, who could not be identified because he was not authorized to speak to media. “Vietnam won’t fire unless China fires first.” The tensions between the two Communist nations come as both are trying to put aside border disputes and the memories of a brief but bloody border war in 1979. Vietnam is usually careful about public comments against China, with which it had bilateral trade surpassing $50 billion in 2013.

A man killed his pregnant wife in Herat province of Afghanistan and fled the area. On Wednesday, officials said Bismillah killed his wife using a shovel in Naser village of Karukh district of Herat province. "Last night, Bismillah killed his 20 year-old six month pregnant wife by hitting her with a shovel," District Governor Ahmad Wais Wasiq said. "And today (Wednesday) the relatives informed the police, but the husband had already fled the area." According to the local officials, the victim was Bismillah's second wife and the reason behind the murder is unknown; investigation is underway. Last year the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) expressed concerns over the sudden increase in the number of cases related to violence against women. The AIHRC said that within the first four months of 2013, over 2,500 criminal cases against women have been registered with the Commission. Looking at the number of cases, the Human Rights Watch (HRW) blamed the government for failing to protect the women of Afghanistan. Violence against women in Afghanistan is not a new phenomenon, but the rate it is increasing at is alarming to the human rights institutions and activists.

would in effect increase the influence of the anti-Thaksin military and bureaucratic establishment in Bangkok at the expense of Thailand's poor, rural majority." Wednesday's verdict is not unusual. Yingluck is the third Shinawatra-linked prime minister to be judicially removed from post since 2006, a point that analysts stress marks a "fascinating development in the Shinawatra saga" of political to-and-froing since his ousting. "What is interesting about the current iteration is the bloodless, legal nature of the approach," says Liam McCarthy, an expert on south-east Asia at Nottingham Trent University. "Using the legal process to take what the coup couldn't secure, and the polls couldn't guarantee."

mUslims massaCre: DEATH TOLL IN INDIA VIOLENCE REACHES 41 GUWAHATI Five more bodies of Muslims were found on Wednesday morning from two trouble-torn districts of Indian state of Assam, taking the toll in the violence unleashed by ultras to 41. The bodies, which were recovered from Beki river that flows from Baksa district. "Officially, we have not identified the bodies yet but the families have identified them to be from the affected Muslim community," Baksa DC Vinod Seshan said. "However, identification has to be done to ascertain whether these are the victims of the attack in Narayanguri and Hagrabari villages," Seshan told PTI. A team of 40 NDRF personnel, which reached the spot yesterday, started their operation from this morning to fish out more bodies from the Beki river. Suspected NDFB(S) militants had unleashed violence in the two districts of Baksa and Kokrajhar on May two. oNLINE

ClasHes and violenCe mar iHk polls SRINAGAR: Violence flared in Indian-held Kashmir (IHK) on Wednesday as millions of Indians voted on the penultimate day of national elections. An explosion in a polling booth injured a paramilitary soldier, and three other troops were wounded overnight when suspected militants fired at them, according to Kishore Prasad, spokesman of the paramilitary Central Reserve Police Force. No voters were injured and few details were available. The previous two polling days in the region were also marred by violence. Police said scores of protesters also clashed with patrolling soldiers, who used tear gas to disperse the crowd. AntiIndia sentiment runs deep in divided Kashmir. The state election commission said about 20 percent of registered voters had cast their ballots by late afternoon. Indian-held Kashmir elects only six members of the 543-member lower house of India's Parliament, but voting there was staggered over several days due to security concerns. With 814 million eligible voters, India is voting in phases over six weeks. People in seven states, including parts of the politically crucial states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, voted Wednesday. One of the key constituencies was Amethi in Uttar Pradesh where Rahul Gandhi — the son of ruling Congress party President Sonia Gandhi and the party's presumed prime ministerial candidate — is running. The final day of voting is Monday. Results are to be announced on May 16. AGENCIES

ABDULFATTAH EL-SISI VOWS AN END TO MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD FORMER MILITARY COMMANDER SIGNALS INTENT TO CONTINUE CRACKDOWN ON THE BANNED ISLAMIST ORGANISATION CAIRO AGENCIES

Abdulfattah el-Sisi, the former Egyptian army general expected to win this month's presidential election, has declared that the Muslim Brotherhood is "finished" and will no longer exist if he takes power. His comments signalled intent to continue the military's crackdown on the banned Islamist movement, which his troops removed from power in a military coup last summer. Since then more than 1,400 people - mainly Muslim Brotherhood activists - have been killed in clashes and many of the Brotherhood's leaders have been arrested, including the deposed president Mohammed Morsi. In his first television interview since an-

nouncing his candidacy for president, Gen Sisi indicated there would be no reconciliation between the secular military leadership and mass Islamist movement. "I did not finish [the Brotherhood], you Egyptians finished it," he said, saying simply "yes" when asked if the Brotherhood would cease to exist under his presidency. Wearing a suit and tie, the former field marshal insisted he was not the candidate of the army and said the military would "not have a role in ruling Egypt". Gen Sisi has remained broadly popular since toppling the democratically-elected Morsi in July after days of mass street protests against the Muslim Brotherhood president. He is expected to easily overcome Hamdeen Sabahi, Left-wing candidate, in

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the May 26-27 elections. Gen Sisi said there had been two attempts to assassinate him but did not give details. "I believe in fate, I am not afraid," he said. An Islamist militant insurgency has been growing since Morsi's overthrow. Islamist militants have killed several hundred members of the security forces in bombings

and shootings. The interior minister survived an attempt on his life in September. The army-backed authorities have outlawed the Brotherhood, which won all the elections after the 2011 revolution which overthrew the autocratic leader Hosni Mubarak. Thousands of its supporters have been arrested and hundreds killed. Top leaders, including Morsi, are on trial. A court sentenced the leader of the Brotherhood, Mohamed Badie, and hundreds of supporters to death last week. Secular dissidents have also been jailed, leaving little organised opposition to the armybacked government. Although the Brotherhood is under severe pressure, Egypt's oldest and most organised Islamist movement has survived repression under successive rulers from the military, starting with Gamal Abdel Nasser in 1954. Gen Sisi has said his campaign would be unconventional - an apparent reference to concerns for his security. So far, there are no announced plans for him to appear in public.


NEWS 05

Thursday, 8 May, 2014

PML-N govt pushing country into ‘debt trap’: Dr Pasha FORMER FINANCE MINISTER SAYS LOAN AGREEMENTS SIGNED BY DAR MAY PROVE DETRIMENTAL FOR PAKISTAN’S ECONOMY ISLAMABAD

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ORMER finance minister Dr Hafiz A Pasha on Wednesday claimed that the Chinese government’s investment in Pakistan amounting to $32 billion was actually a ‘loan’ as the PML-N government was leading the country into a “debt trap”. Addressing the participants at a prebudget seminar held under the aegis of the Institute of Policy Reforms (IPR), a think-tank formed to monitor economic growth and issues faced by business community of Pakistan, Dr Pasha, who is also managing director of the thinktank, further claimed that Finance Minister Ishaq Dar had signed loan agreements amounting to $52 billion with foreign countries for next decade within one-year time which may prove detrimental for Pakistan’s economy and people would have to payback these costly loans and the external loans might be doubled in next 10 years or so. He said other than $32 billion loan

The former finance minister was of the view that Pakistan’s budget deficit would reach to seven percent of the GDP by the end of June 2014 against the target of 5.8 percent set with the IMF. Citing reasons for high deficit, he said the FBR would miss the tax collection target by Rs 90 billion, as it would achieve only Rs 2,250 billion against revised target of Rs 2,345 billion. Similarly, the government would receive only Rs 55 billion from the auction of 3G/4G licences this year against the expectations of Rs 120 billion. Dr Pasha said that these budgetary proposals 2014-15 are based on the fiscal deficit target of 6.5 percent. The tax-toGDP ratio in the coming year has to be increased by 0.5 percent of the GDP. For an increase of 20% in the federal PSDP, with major investments in the water and power sectors, current expenditure growth will have to be restricted to less than 8 percent. Furthermore, in order to reduce the current expenditure, reducing the size of the federal government, zero-based budgeting to determine the contribution of the existing autonomous organizations and rebalancing of the debt portfolio are some proposals presented in this report. Suggestions for better accountability were also made which are as follows: In view of the violation of (FRDL) Act, the federal government to present a detailed medium-term action plan to come within the limits imposed by the Fiscal Responsibility and Debt Limitation Act (FRDL) to the National Assembly, supplementary grants exceeding the annual voted expenditure should be reported to the Finance

FBR SAYS GOVT WILL NOT PUT EXTRA BURDEN ON PEOPLE THROUGH INCREASING SALES TAX IN UPCOMING BUDGET from China, $11 billion loan had been approved by the World Bank, $6.64 billion by the IMF and $2 billion had been acquired through the launch of Eurobonds. “This is too much. This is not acceptable and our next generations would face the dire consequences of this huge loaning policy,” remarked Pasha. He said that Pakistan’s entire revenue collection consumed in only two heads interest payments and security expenditures every year. He asked the government to eliminate tax exemption worth Rs 200 billion in the upcoming budget 201415. Dr Pasha said that the government should withdraw the exemption. He said that proposed revenue collection target of the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) would be Rs 2,700 billion for the next financial year. He said the FBR’s target could reach Rs 2500 billion with normal growth, therefore the tax department should withdraw tax concession worth Rs 200 billion in the next budget. Talking about the pay raise of the civil servants, Dr Pasha said the government should give a 10-percent salary raise to employees of BP-1 to 16.

Committee of the National Assembly during the year, all discretionary funds to be abolished and greater scrutiny of the defence budget. IPR report sets federal PSDP is set at Rs 420 billion in 2014-15. The priority should be given to the water and power sectors, and 50 percent of the next year’s PSDP should be allocated to these sectors as compared to 30 percent this year. New projects other than in sectors mentioned above should not be undertaken for the time being. The Pakistan Development Fund (PDF) may be brought into the Federal Consolidated Fund and grants received be used for energy investments rather than on transport projects. Addressing the audience, former commerce minister Humayon Akhtar Khan said, “We have not published a report on energy and only shared what immediately could be done to improve situation. We will be uploading the papers, reports of the IPR at the think-tank website. We will also release reports on provincial budgets.” Former HEC chairman Dr Attaur Rahman said that the story of energy in Pakistan was unfortunately a story of unabated corruption and this tale is repeated again and again. “The national exchequer will continue to suffer until corrupt are punished and house is brought in order. Fusion energy experience is being carried out in France and if it succeeds, we will be able to create energy the way nature does.” Energy expert Ashraf Hayat said that too much dependence on furnace oil in thermal sector was not right policy. He said

PM calls power outages unacceptable

Three killed as train derails near Nawabshah

Nawaz tells officials to reduce gas supply to CNG sector

Several bogeys of the Karakoram Express derailed on Wednesday killing three people and injuring 11 others near Nawabshah’s Bandhi area, a private TV channel reported. The engine and four compartments of Karachi-bound Karakoram Express derailed near Bandhi station, some 30 kilometers from Nawabshah. The train was on its way from Faisalabad when the accident occurred. Locals in the area

ISLAMABAD: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif chaired a high-level meeting on Wednesday at the PM’s House to review electricity generation and load shedding in the country. He was briefed about load-management plan for May, June and July. The prime minister issued orders to bring down load shedding to six hours in urban and seven hours in rural areas in next few days. He declared existing level of load shedding unacceptable. Nawaz directed the officials concerned to shift gas from fertiliser industry to power sector and to reduce gas supply to CNG sector partially for additional 592 megawatts generation in the system. The meeting was also attended by Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif. Nawaz was briefed that additional 1,000 megawatt would be added from the hydro sources on the May 11 and by the end of this month 3,500 megawatts more from hydro sources would also be added. He directed the finance, petroleum and water and power ministries to ensure that fuel shortage issue was resolved in next few days. NAWAz voWS to coNtINUe coNtRIBUtINg IN BAHRAIN’S SecURIty: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on Wednesday said Pakistan and Bahrain enjoyed similarity of views on bilateral, regional and international issues of mutual interest and vowed to continue contributing in Bahrain’s prosperity, security and stability. He was speaking to Khalifa Bin Ahmed AlDhahrani, chairman of the Council of Representative of Kingdom of Bahrain, who called on him. Nawaz said that recent visit of King Shaikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa to Pakistan was a testament to the fact that the two countries enjoyed close and cordial relations based on mutual trust and understanding, which were deep rooted in culture and history. The prime minister said that his government had introduced investor-friendly policies, due to which several foreign companies and governments had invested in many projects. He said Pakistan would welcome Bahraini investments in projects in the field of energy, downstream oil industry, port development, mining and minerals, infrastructure, education, banking, engineering and manufacturing sectors. Al-Dhahrani thanked the prime minister for receiving him and his delegation. He reciprocated the warm sentiments expressed by PM Sharif about the importance of Pakistan-Bahrain ties. He agreed that there was a need to enhance Pakistan-Bahrain economic and trade cooperation, noting that cooperation between the two parliaments was increasing which should continue. The Bahraini diplomat particularly mentioned the positive role of over 90,000 Pakistanis living in Bahrain in the country’s development. He extolled the Pakistani community’s contributions in promoting and protecting Bahrain’s security and stability. Nawaz affirmed that people of Pakistan were happy to contribute to Bahrain’s prosperity, security and stability and they would continue to do so. Khalifa Bin Ahmad Al Dhahrani is visiting Pakistan on the invitation of National Assembly Speaker Ayaz Sadiq. AGENCIES

KARACHI STAFF REPORT

rushed to the site to rescue the victims. Two were reported killed while the 20 injured were taken to nearby hospitals for treatment. The engine and several coaches jumped off the track as a result of the incident. The incident led to closure of the track and suspension of the railway traffic. The restoration of the railway track may take three to four hours, railway authorities claimed. According to Railway Sukkur DCO, the train was travelling from Lahore to Karachi and the situation was unclear as to what caused the incident. Po-

lice personnel and rescue teams immediately reached the site of the incident. Rescue workers shifted the injured to People’s Medical College Hospital (PMCH). Railways Minister Saad Rafiq said that the Nawabshah train accident was not a terror activity. He also summoned a report about the accident and announced Rs 0.5 million for the families of the victims while Rs 0.1 million for the injured passengers. “The accident was not a terror activity but just a technical mistake caused the accident,” he told reporters.

Pak-UK enjoy good ties: Nisar ISLAMABAD INP

Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan on Wednesday said that relations between Pakistan and the UK have always been very good, reaching a new level of understanding and cooperation in various sectors under the sitting government. He said this while talking to UK Modern Slavery and Organized Crime Minister Karen Bradley who called on him. Nisar praised the British system of providing invisible security through use of technol-

ogy and apprised the British minister of the safe city project under which about 2,000 security cameras were being installed in Islamabad and parts of Rawalpindi to make the twin cities safer. He asked for Britain’s capacity support cooperation in the matter. He said Pakistan has recently formulated the country’s first ever National Internal Security Policy which entails many avenues of cooperation at institutional and technological levels between Pakistan and the UK. He said that under the current environment technology is the only way to ensure safety of the civilian population.

line losses are closer to 17 percent while it was around 20 percent last year. Failure to collect bills is a major hurdle and until March, the billing losses were equal to the total billing losses in the last year. “Governance issue needs to be dealt with immediately. 57 percent furnace dependence and only 33 percent gas in thermal sector. If 400mmcfd gas was provided, we can get 20500 megawatts of power immediately. However, improper provision of gas has hurt the power production badly,” he said. “We have very irrational tariff structures. Any further increase in tariff would be counter-productive. There is a need to increase billing collections rather than tariff increase. Fuel adjustment charges have already been raised to 21 percent. Rationalising of tariff is need of the hour,” he added. “We recommend that circular debt be settled immediately. We recommend shifting of gas from fertiliser to power sector,” he concluded. Separately, the FBR said the government has decided not to put extra burden on people through increasing sales tax in upcoming budget. In an Interview with Radio Pakistan, FBR Member Shahid Hussain Asad said that rate of sales tax would remain 17 percent in the budget. He said instead of increase in sales tax, the FBR would reinforce its collections mechanisms. To a question regarding shortfall in revenue collections for current fiscal year, he said FBR has taken special initiatives to meet 2345 billion rupees’ target.

Man kills wife, paramour for honour in Shikarpur SHIKARPUR: A man killed his wife and her alleged lover in an apparent case of honour killing and escaped from the scene on Wednesday. Police said that the accused Bukhshal Junejo killed his wife and Gul Mohammad Jatoi from the village in his house and escaped from the scene. Police having shifted the bodies to Garhi Yasin Taluka Hospital started hunting the accused. It may be recalled that five people, including three women, have been killed during the last 10 days for honour in District Shikarpur. INP

Teen rapes 7-year-old girl in Jaranwala JARANWALA: A 14-year-old boy allegedly raped a seven year old girl in Jaranwala on Wednesday. According to sources, 14-year-old Tahir lured the seven-year-old girl into his house and raped her. He left the girl in a critical state and fled away. The girl was shifted to Tehsil Hospital Jaranwala where the doctors confirmed that she was raped. The case of the incident was filed in Saddar Jaranwala police station. INP

Sindh govt, HESCO lock horns over Rs 5.3b outstanding bills MINISTER SAYS HE IS INTRODUCING STRICT AUDIT SYSTEM IN LOCAL GOVT DEPT TO ENSURE EFFICIENT UTILISATION OF FUNDS KARACHI STAFF REPORT

The Sindh government and Hyderabad Electric Supply Company (HESCO) are at loggerheads over the outstanding electricity bills that the provincial government claims were made by HESCO excessively to the tune of at least Rs 5.316 billion. Still, the two sides are disputing over the authenticity of electricity bills amounting to over a billion rupees. The row was pinpointed by Local Government Secretary Javed Hanif in a meeting

that, under the chairmanship of CM Qaim Ali Shah, decided in principle to subsidise power-related expenditures of the Karachi Water and Sewerage Board (KW&SB) and WASA Hyderabad. In his briefing, the secretary HESCO had issued outstanding bills worth Rs 7.680 billion against the 172 connections of WASA Hyderabad. But, he claimed, after verification and reconciliation the amount claimed came out to Rs 2.364 billion only against the 102 existing connections until October 2012. Hanif said the provincial government had paid electricity bills of

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Rs 874.928 million to HESCO while the outstanding dues of Rs 1.371 billion against 26 connections were still disputed between the two. Later, the CM decided to restore subsidy to KW&SB and WASA on account of the two institutions’ power consumption. He directed for establishing a separate head of Operation and Maintenance (O&M) for all water supply and drainage units working in the rest of Sindh and assured their functioning to ensure prompt and efficient deliveries to the citizen. He decided this while presiding over a meeting held at the CM’s House to review the performance and bottlenecks of local government department on Wednesday. Addressing the meeting, Shah said local government department being a basic service-providing or-

ganisation was important enough to be strengthened so the people could be served up to their expectations. He said Sindh government in principle had decided to provide subsidy to the KW&SB and WASA Hyderabad to supplement their electric expenditures but strict reforms and revamping of these organisations was needed to put them on self reliance. He formed a threemember committee, comprising secretaries of finance, local government and energy departments, to coordinate with K-Electric and HESCO authorities to reconcile the outstanding dues of KW&SB and WASA and issue the payment. He directed the officers of these organisations to improve their recovery, plug their leakages and make an effective mechanism to resolve their problem of over staffing.


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06 ISLAMABAD

WEATHER UPDATES

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Thursday, 8 May 2014

Prayer Timings

CNG CYLINDER BLAST LEAVES ONE DEAD IN PINDI

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RAWALPINDI: One person was killed while two others sustained injuries when a CNG cylinder fitted in a car exploded at a filling station here on Wednesday. The deceased was the driver of the car. Rescue officials arrived at the scene and shifted the injured to a hospital. The injured are reportedly in critical condition. The explosion also damaged the ceiling of the station which was sealed after the incident. inP

200,000 CHILDREN VACCINATED IN ANTI-POLIO DRIVE RAWALPINDI: Over 200,000 children, below five years age, were administered anti-polio drops during a three-day long drive launched in high risk areas of the city and cantonment starting from May, 5. Under the drive, the polio teams visited 28 union councils of Rawalpindi city and cantt area, which had been declared highrisk areas, Executive District Officer (EDO- Health) Dr. Zafar Iqbal Gondal said. In the recently concluded regular campaign, he said, 711,744 children up to five years of age were administered drops to prevent the younger generation from the crippling disease. He said the purpose for launching the special drive is presence of people coming from Khyber Pukhtunkhwa, especially after sewage samples collected from these areas indicated the presence of polio virus. The city’s executive district officer monitored the campaign and visited various areas to inspect the working of polio teams. aPP

PRESIDENT URGES STUDENTS TO CONTRIBUTE IN COUNTRY’S UPLIFT

RAWALPINDI: A view of the destroyed car after a CNG cylinder blast at a fuel station on Rawal Road. Online

Government to oPen 1,000 new Utility StoreS: nA told ISLAMABAD

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ARLIAMENTARy Secretary for Industries and Production Rao Ajmal Khan on Wednesday informed the National Assembly that the government would open 1000 new Utility Stores across the country at cost of two billion.

Replying in the House during question and answers, Rao Ajmal Khan said that PC-I of the project had been submitted to the concerned department for final approval. The project will cost Rs two billion and one Rs one billion will be contributed each by the government and the Utility Stores Corporation (USC), parliamentary secretary informed. Rao Ajmal Khan said with opening

new stores the total number of utility stores in the country will reach to two thousand. He said that the quality of commodities being sold at USC outlets had substantially improved and the annual turnover of the Cooperation is close to Rs 80.00 billion, which its self proves the confidence of costumers on the quality of the commodities. Regarding non-payment of salaries of daily wages employees of USC, par-

NAB meeting ponders over ‘accountability’

ISLAMABAD: President Mamnoon Hussain has urged students to contribute to socio-economic development and establishment of peace in the country. He was addressing Convocation in National University of Science and Technology (NUST) in Islamabad on Wednesday. The president said the government is working hard to utilize its resources for development of education sector in the country. He said the government has vision to establish Science and Technology Park. inP

ISLAMABAD: The Executive Board Meeting (EBM) of National Accountability Bureau (NAB) was held today at NAB Headquarters. NAB Chairman Qamar Zaman Chaudhry presided the meeting. The EBM approved filing of reference against M/s Karkey (through its directors), government officials and public office holders including Mr. Babar Zulqarnain (Karkey), Raja Pervez Ashraf, former Minister Water and Power, two former Secretaries of Water and Power namely Ismail Qureshi and Shahid Rafi, former MDs of PEPCO Fazal Ahmad and Tahir Basharat Cheema, Members of PECPO Board, former MD of PPIB Fayyaz Elahi and present MD PECPO N. A. Zuberi, three CEOs of Lakhra Power Generation Company Limited (LPGCL - GENCO) and others. The accused M/s Karkey (through its directors), government officials and public office-holders, acting in collusion with each other, committed a series of illegal and unlawful acts such as flouting the decisions of the federal Cabinet, misleading the Cabinet and the ECC by misrepresenting and concealing facts, changing the bid evaluation criteria, post-bid changes in violation of PPRA rules, extending illegal mobilization advance resulting in undue and illegal benefits to the sponsors i.e. M/s Karkey. In this case an amount of $128 million with markup (due from Karkey as determined by Honourable Supreme Court of Pakistan) and Rs.792.7 million (on account of miscellaneous infrastructure cost) are to be recovered from the sponsors and various government functionaries. The Board also authorized to convert an inquiry into investigation against Tariq Awan, Secretary Workers Welfare Board, KPK. He is alleged to have awarded scholarships to fake / non-entitled persons. The EBM authorized five inquiries, first against Asfand Yar Kakar, ex-Minister for Food Balochistan, Ali Bux Baloch, Ex-Secretary Food Balochistan and others. The accused are alleged for embezzlement in wheat procurement at District Killa Abdullah Balochistan and causing a loss of Rs. 292.878 million to the exchequer. Two inquiries against officers and officials of Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP) and others have also been authorised for illegally awarding advertising contract to M/s Midas Pvt Ltd in violation of PPRA rules and for making illegal appointments as well as doling out duplicate/fake payments to ineligible people thereby causing huge loss to the national exchequer.Press release

FORUM STRESSES EQUAL RIGHTS FOR DISABLED ISLAMABAD inP

UNESCO in collaboration with UNICEF organized a National Forum on EFA here on Wednesday aimed at advocating for EFA by stimulating a debate on Article 25-A of the Constitution and education sector financing in Pakistan. The event was attended by representative of government entities, researchers, civil society organizations, academia and educational institutions. The national forum focused on interactive discussions on the required legislation and implementation under Article 25-A, increase in fiscal space, quality enhancement and developing a thorough monitoring system for education sector in Pakistan. Dr. Kozue Kay Nagata, Director UNESCO Islamabad speaking on the occasion emphasized the realization of

education for all particularly for persons with disabilities in Pakistan. She said that an estimated 1.4 million persons with disabilities in Pakistan were the children of school going age, most of whom do not have access to either inclusive or special schools due to limited capacity in existing facilities. She said that Pakistan ratified United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on 5th July 2011 and Pakistan was among those 145 countries which ratified this Convention and thus its implementation was responsibility of the state and development organizations including disabled peoples organizations. “The promulgation of Article 25 A under the 18th constitutional amendment is a major hallmark. The “act to provide free and compulsory education to all children of age of 5-16,” in Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT), passing of “the Sindh right of children to free and

compulsory education act 2013” by the Parliament of Sindh, and passing of a similar bill by the Parliament of Baluchistan are critical steps forward. Coupled with this is the strong Government commitment to enhance education budget with the GDP share of 4 percent by 2018, which currently stands at about 2 percent”, she added. Speaking on the occasion, UNICEF Education Specialist, John Ekaju said that EFA was a critical priority and government commitment for increasing the education budget allocation would further improve the education for all including the disable children. “UNICEF acknowledged the role of civil society organizations for advancing the agenda of education for all and UNICEF is fully committed to promote equity in education for all especially the most vulnerable children to advance the education agenda in

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Pakistan”, he added. Mr. Ahmad Ali, Senior Research Fellow, Institute of Social and Policy Science (I-SAPS) made a presentation on legislative framework of Article 25A and education sector financing. Discussing the Government commitment to increase annual allocation from 2.1 percent to 4 percent of GDP by 2018, he highlighted that capacity of the provinces to use the available funding is a major challenge. Muhammad Ahsan Raja, Secretary Education of Ministry of Education, Trainings and Standards in Higher Education commended UNESCO and UNICEF for jointly hosting the event on EFA with focus on disability. He said that the children with disabilities were important part of the society and it was the national obligation for all of us to take care of them by mainstreaming them through inclusive education.

liamentary secretary said that no instruction has been issued to stop salaries. To a question, he said that the growth rate of industrial sector for the last financial year was 3.49 percent whereas the growth rate for the first six months of the current financial year stands at 5.4 percent. He said the confidence of the investors has improved on the government's investment policies.

COURT SEEKS REPLY AGAINST PTV MD’S APPOINTMENT ISLAMABAD: Islamabad High Court (IHC) has issued notices and sought reply in 15 days from parties in case against appointment of Pakistan Television (PTV) Network Managing Director (MD) Muhammad Malick. A bench headed by Justice Shaukat Aziz Siddiqui heard the case here Wednesday. The appellant former MD PTV Mustafa in his petition stated that the incumbent MD Muhammad Malick is defaulter being a head of his ‘Ad Agency’ which is Rs 7,000,000. He pointed that Malick’s appointment was made illegally.The court issued notices to the Establishment and the Secretary Information secretary. Online

IHC RETURNS PLEA AGAINST GEO ISLAMABAD: Islamabad High Court Wednesday maintained its objection and returned the plea seeking to register treason case and to lodge First Investigation Report (FIR) against Geo News and Jang Group. A single bench of the court comprising Justice Riaz Ahmad Khan heard the case. The counsel of appellant Mirza Abdul Rehman, Ali Nawaz Khar stated that an FIR should be registered against Geo/Jang Group in Kohsar Police Station, Islamabad and also asked to direct Interior Ministry to initiate case against Geo/Jang on treason charges. Justice Riaz Ahmad Khan in his remarks directed the petitioner to move his plea in the Lower Court first and if petition is being rejected there then move in the High Court. The court maintained the rejection of Registrar Office and returned the petition. Online


CMYK Thursday, 8 May 2014

ISLAMABAD 07 7 Pos ArreSted, contrAbAnd Seized ISLAMABAD inP

RAWALPINDI: A school boy on his way back home during a hot day in the city. inP

KASHMIR SOLUTION VITAL FOR REGIONAL SECURITY: MUSHAHID ISLAMABAD

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ENATE Defense Committee Chairman Mushahid Hussain Sayed has stated that the western powers must shun double standards on the nuclear issue and treat India and Pakistan at par, otherwise their claims for nuclear non-proliferation will sound hollow and be seen as a triumph of political interests over principles. He made these comments in his Keynote Speech to the International Seminar on ‘Nuclear Non-Proliferation, Arms Control and Disarmament; Contemporary Challenges and Prospects’ organized by Islamabad based think tank Center for Pakistan and Gulf Studies (CPGS) with the support of German Foundation Konrad Adenauer Stiftung (KAS) Wednesday. He also recalled the memories of those days when he was principal spokesperson of Pakistani government and used to appear on national and foreign media to defend the nuclear tests in May 1998. "Pakistan was a reluctant entrant into the nuclear club but we thank India for going nuclear first, which enabled Pakistan to follow suit," he added on a lighter note. Senator Mushahid was of the view that motivations for going nuclear were different for both countries as Pakistan got the bomb for its security, while India wanted to get big power status. Talking about the Indo-US nuclear deal, he said it had disastrous consequences for the region, because the deal was not about

nuclear energy but about containing China, making India the regional hegemon in South Asia and it helped inject India into Afghanistan with the result that with 2006 onwards, the Pakistan-US consensus over Afghanistan started unraveling. Moreover, it exposed US double-standards on the nuclear issue as India was granted exemptions by violating the NPT and even US laws. Emphasizing the need to resolve Kashmir issue, he further said that the region around Pakistan remain volatile and unstable without resolving the core issue of Kashmir. He said security cannot be compartmentalised and there can be no nuclear disarmament or arms control without settling Kashmir issue. He said a Kashmir settlement would promote nuclear non-proliferation, disarmament and arms control, otherwise regional security without Kashmir solution is like 'staging Hamlet without the Prince of Denmark'. He urged implementation of UN Security Council Resolution # 1172, unanimously passed on June 6, 1998, who called for resolving 'root causes of tensions like Kashmir'. The senator concluded that people of Pakistan want to live peacefully but with equality and reciprocity with India. He said there were some silver linings in the situation like the Western nuclear deal with Iran, the still intact 1985 PakistanIndia accord on not attacking each other's nuclear installations and the elections in Afghanistan which showed the supremacy of ballot over bullet.

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Islamabad Police have arrested 10 outlaws including seven proclaimed offenders (POs) and recovered 274 wine bottles and weapons from their possession, a police spokesman said on Wednesday. On a tip off, CIA police team nabbed Saiz Javed alias Babu from sector F-10/1 and recovered 274 wine bottles from him. Koral police arrested Raziq Sultan for having 30-bore pistol while Sihala police recovered 30-bore pistol from an accused Shaukat. Cases have been registered against these nabbed persons and further investigation is underway from them. In crackdown against absconders, Islamabad police nabbed seven proclaimed offenders and court absconders who were wanted to police for involvement in crime cases of heinous nature. During general hold up, Islamabad police impounded 141 motorbikes, 11 vehicles while 18 professional beggars were also apprehended. SSP Islamabad Muhammad Ali Naikokara has directed all SHOs for effective steps to curb activities of criminal elements. He also asked for strict vigilance against suspects and enhanced patrolling measures in the city.


08 COMMENT

Unblock YouTube

Appeasing the extremists has already done enough harm

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everAL times during the last eleven months there were indications from the government that it was going to remove the ban on youTube. But fearing strong reaction from its extremist sympathisers, each time the government developed cold feet and postponed the decision. The PML-N leadership needs to come to terms with the fact that we live in a global society where bans of the sort can only isolate the country. What is more they feed extremist tendencies. youTube is a treasure trove of information and is an important part of the social media. With its numerous videos on myriads of subjects including the various branches of science, history, geography and even mathematics, it has been of immense use for the student community and the teachers. For music lovers, from soul music to classical, semi classical, folk and pop, everything is available at a few clicks. it has helped budding artists to learn drawing without the help of expensive tutors. The political parties had started to rely increasingly on youTube to engage with their followers. To block it amounted to cutting off one’s nose to spite one’s face. The rationale behind blocking the youTube is questionable. The site does not force the viewers to visit controversial uploads. Those who complain of injurious material should resist the temptation to access it. Bans are of no use as viewers keen to access banned sites can do so, albeit through a somewhat tedious process. youTube was banned in Pakistan in September 2012 when a man with a diseased mind uploaded on it the trailer of a highly substandard movie called “innocence of Muslims”, which injured the feelings of the Muslim community all over the world. if no note was taken by the anti-blasphemy brigade, few would have ever known about the existence of the movie and even those who opened the site would have found it more repulsive than entertaining. Banning the youTube is like closing down an entire library which happens to have just one objectionable book. On Tuesday, the National Assembly unanimously supported a resolution presented by a PPP MNA to unblock the youTube. The government however continued to harp on the so called ‘sensitivity’ of the issue. is Pakistan the only Muslim country where people have sensitivities? What about Saudi Arabia where viewers watch three times as much youTube as their peers in the US? Turkey only banned it this year not on account of public sensitivities but for leaking recordings considered politically damaging by the administration. After the National Assembly has called for lifting the ban, the PML-N should pick up the courage and unblock the site. Appeasing the extremists has already done the country enough harm. it’s time the government dropped the policy.

Dedicated to the legacy of the late Hameed Nizami

Arif Nizami Editor

Aziz-ud-Din Ahmad Joint Editor Lahore – Ph: 042-36375963-5 Fax: 042-32535230 Karachi – Ph: 021-35381208-9 Fax: 021-35381208 Islamabad – Ph: 051-2204545 Web: www.pakistantoday.com.pk Email: editorial@pakistantoday.com.pk

Thursday, 8 May, 2014

Children exposed to war Psychologically damaged for life, unless rescued ZeebA t hAshmi

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y taking into consideration various derivatives that influence children’s mental health, the psychological disorder that has been observed during a war is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) that children face due to recurrence of war, or similar uncertain conditions such as incidents of terrorism and natural disasters. On the basis of scientific observations and review of literature, there is a correlation between war/terrorism and their effects on the mental conditions suffered by children. War and terrorism is differentiated by their level of intensity and persistence. For the convenience of readers to understand why different levels of mental disorders occur in children as a result of different types of conflicts, it is important to understand that war according to Will Durant’s book, History of Civilization (1968), has remained constant throughout history, and is inevitable. Because of conflict’s recurrent nature, the children stand most vulnerable and exposed to the tragic effects of war. The historical perspective observed the recorded trends of children’s exposure to wars, and found their commonality with the current trends in behaviour of war-children. The disorder was observed from demographical perspective by comparing

the level of PTSD between children living in war/conflict zones and children, living in areas of high incidents of terrorism. By assessing long term effects of such exposure, it is argued that even when the war has ended, the secondary influences prolong the effects of war in children. in observing children growing up under conditions of orphanhood, malnourishment, living as refugees, lack of proper care, it has been found from statistical data that these children often exhibit severe symptoms of post traumatic stress for a very long time, and sometimes throughout their lifetimes. evidence has also been found of neurological effects in war-children that include disorders such as aggressive control problems, anxiety, and sometimes early death. it is argued that there is a positive correlation between post traumatic stress and depressive symptoms. By being critical of the impacts of war and conflict on the health of children, the arbitrary actions undertaken by the Security Council, which frequently imposes sanctions on countries of conflict, indirectly affects the refugee children in need of assistance. Further, the media is also to be blamed for creating an atmosphere of panic and trauma for public during incidents of terrorism, as a result of which children too are instilled with the same fear like an adult. Much focus is required on other dimensions that can elaborate more on the vulnerability the children face during

war and what preventive measures can be taken to protect them, or safeguard them from their exploitation. Though there has been some identified protective factors that can help a child to recognise and avoid dangers and his/her ability to use adults as a caretaker etc, there has not been any suggestion on logistical probability of incorporating these measures as a child’s defensive mechanism. in my opinion, a child is bound to suffer more from fear if such measures are inculcated in them. However, at the same time such fear will persist if no action is taken to underscore its negative influences. Same is true for the children in the war torn areas of Pakistan, yet not much psychological importance is given to them. Another dimension faced by children is the child recruitment by the militant outfits who train them and brainwash their minds at their early formative stages. These children are fed with hate literature and are inculcated with a sense of revenge by feeding them with lies that make suicide attacks seem justified for these youngsters. if we care to notice, most of the bodies recovered of the suicide bombers were very young; they were either in their teens or early twenties. This is an aspect that has been deeply neglected by the state to deal with such seminaries, especially in the tribal areas that are used to recruit young children, either by giving incentives to their poor parents or by threatening

them with their lives for not sending their children to them. Some children who had been recruited by the terrorist outfits have been rescued by the army. experiments were undertaken to de-radicalise the negative brainwashing that these children have been fed with, but no result has been declared whether such de-radicalising camps have been successful and these children, who were trained to be suicide bombers, have been rehabilitated in the society. Other children who face psychological problems and are prone to mental shocks are those who have been affected by terrorist activities and military actions. These are the children who have lost their loved ones, guardians or lost their limbs in combats in which they have been caught. This shock to children lingers throughout their lives and affects them in their routine. Proper therapeutic treatment is much needed for these children to save their future and help them cope with life. Pakistan is going through its most unusual phase as it has been chaotically divided into various ideologies that are violent and hegemonic in nature. Growth of children under such circumstances results in their adverse reflections in minds that is witnessed in their behaviour in their education, creativity and recreation. Zeeba T Hashmi can be contacted at: zeeba.hashmi@gmail.com

The love of knowledge and learning Like water is to the thirsty, knowledge is to the mind Dr Amineh A hoti

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ike the way water quenches the thirst of a traveller (on the journey of life), the second islamabad Literature Festival (25-27 April, 2014) and the Children’s Literature Festival (2nd, 3rd May) were remarkably refreshing. Books galore, bookstores, discussions on culture, creativity, poetry, dance, qawwali, humour, Jerusalem, the Ottomans, etc were like a veritable feast to the mind. These book festivals in islamabad broke the stereotype of the city often cited as “socially dead” in contrast to “lively Lahore”. My views of islamabad always opposed this stereotyping, which to me was graceful and green. Furthermore, i can now confidently declare, to those who continue to stereotype islamabad, that at the festivals islamabad was alive and (intellectually) awake, like its sister city, Lahore. efforts like these must be encouraged and sustained – this served as a great morale boost for Pakistanis. Within Pakistan, and especially islamabad, many people complain that there isn’t much to do in the evenings, ex-

Editor’s mail

cept to visit close relatives and friends, and there was a dearth of intellectual stimulation. Adding to that, the socio-political unease and the recent killings of civilians (in the kachehry and bazaars) provides little incentive to the ordinary and creative person to remain optimistic. Outside Pakistan, the image of our country remains in bad shape. But literary festivals celebrating the praiseworthy contribution of artists, poets and writers of South Asia is comparable to the blessed rain on a land pervaded by drought. We need to inculcate the love of knowledge, learning and reading in order to revive our spirits in this beautiful and green country. The rich ambiance here took me back to the Cambridge Science Festival in the Uk. All Cambridge Colleges, museums and halls are teeming with volunteers (students from different colleges) every year, during this exciting week-long event to make knowledge pertaining science, maths and arts widely available and accessible to the general public. The most seemingly boring subjects are made remarkably fun. The layman’s appetite for each subject is aroused. Children are especially encouraged to partici-

pate and get involved in creating, constructing and critical thinking. When you have positive application of knowledge with room for creativity, there is also dialogue and the celebration of diversity. Fauzia Minalla’s patriotic video on our love, as its citizens, for Pakistan also highlighted the parallel heartbreak from the continuous condition of intolerance towards “the Other” — women, Hindus, Christians, Shias, Ahmadis, etc. As a nation, our lack of acceptance for “the Other” is inextricably interlinked with our general lack of knowledge. Despite what may be, i remain optimistic for Pakistan and Pakistanis. With its array of cultural and linguistic strengths, Pakistan manages to score many goals. Hope stems from the wonderful, ordinary people working hard to keep the wheel of creativity and intellect in motion. Scholars are like the metaphoric head of Pakistani society – they can potentially lead by providing vision. At this event i encountered brilliant Pakistani youths like Haroon khalid, the author of “The White Trail” and met Sir Syed Ahmed khan’s great grandson – who also happens to be my uncle. This festival emphasised the audi-

ence’s demand for more events of this nature. Next in line could be a festival of ideas, a festival of interfaith dialogue and so forth. We need to work much harder than before, each one of us Pakistanis, to help quench this national thirst for knowledge (or ilm), which has been made compulsory for every male and female believer. This is not just an idealistic idea or theory. We need to remind ourselves of bygone times, especially in view of the prevalent situation in Pakistan, under Muslim rule in Andalusia and Abbasid Baghdad, when education was so universally diffused that, educationists have said, it was difficult to find a person, especially a Muslim, who could not read or write. it is my dream to work towards that goal of peace-oriented education for all, interspersed with the idea of respectful co-existence and deeper understanding. Dr Amineh Hoti is an honorary Fellow at Lucy Cavendish College, University of Cambridge, where she did her PhD. She is the Executive Director of the Centre for Dialogue and Action, FC College, Lahore, where she has designed courses on ‘ilm, adab aur insaaniat’.

Send your letters to: Letters to Editor, Pakistan Today, 4-Shaarey Fatima Jinnah, Lahore, Pakistan. Fax: +92-42-32535230 E-mail: letters@pakistantoday.com.pk Letters should be addressed to Pakistan Today exclusively

Who is Joel Cox? On Monday, 5 May, a US national Joel Cox was arrested at karachi airport because live 9mm bullets that were found in his hand baggage. He was produced before the magistrate and the police got physical remand till May 10. The latest news is that the police have found the tools of trade of spies in his baggage, like spy camera, miniature voice recorders, etc. Belatedly CNN and US news media claim that he is FBi agent sent to train/help Pakistan Police in anti-corruption investigation. it is further reported that the US embassy is trying to have him released. This episode raises the following questions: What was he doing in karachi? How long had he been in karachi? Where did he stay in karachi? if he was helping the police why are his hosts silent? What type of visa is he on in Pakistan and how long has he

been in the country? What is the stated profession on his passport? it is heartening to know that the police have sent the 9mm rounds for testing. it will be interesting to know the results. The story given out by Washington Post states: “U.S. officials in Washington confirmed that the agent, who is assigned to the FBI Miami Field Office, was in Pakistan on temporary duty. They requested that the agent’s name be withheld, citing the sensitivity of the situation. A U.S. official with knowledge of the case said the agent was not armed and had apparently forgotten about the loaded magazine in his bag. The agent was in Pakistan as part of a multiagency effort to help the Pakistanis investigate corruption, the official said.” The Washington Post also reports that Joel Cox, according to his father, was posted to

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Pakistan for three months and that Meghan Gregonis, spokeswoman for the US embassy in islamabad, said that the US officials were closely coordinating with the Pakistani authorities on the matter. Which organisation was he assisting and why are they silent? To me it appears that Joel Cox (if that is his real name) was engaged in clandestine activities for the US, probably without the knowledge of the government of Pakistan. One must congratulate ASF for catching him and handing him over to the police. The action of the police in Malir was also correct in producing him before the magistrate and obtaining physical remand. He should be investigated and tried according to the law. it is about time that the law took its course and that the government does not yielded to the pressure from the US embassy. INAM KHAWAJA Lahore


WORLD VIEW 09

Thursday, 8 May, 2014

India risks destabilising Afghanistan

BBC

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ahMed RaShid

NDIA'S decision last week to pay for arms and equipment from Russia to boost the strength of the Afghan National Army (ANA) could be a dramatic game-changer in the region - as well as a step fraught with escalation in regional rivalries. Pakistan is almost certain to look critically at the deal and accuse India, its rival, of trying to outflank it. For the last few years India has tactfully declined to say yes to Afghan President Hamid Karzai's repeated pleas for

the Indian supply of heavy weapons for the ANA, such as long range artillery, tanks and aircraft. Spending billions of dollars in the past decade, the United States has rebuilt the ANA, but it has made sure that it remains a lightly armed force with defensive rather than offensive weapons. Both the US and India seemed to have been careful in not upsetting Pakistan, which has been critical of the size of the ANA and will most certainly react if the ANA receives offensive weapons. Until recently there have been high tensions between the Pakistan military and the ANA along their disputed, porous and unmarked border, with the Afghans repeatedly accusing Pakistan of wilfully allowing the Taliban to cross from their havens in Pakistan to fight the Americans and the ANA. Both Pakistan and Afghanistan have no control over large parts of their common border. India's refusal to accept Mr Karzai's requests has gone down well in Islamabad, and both India and Pakistan have been on their best gentlemanly behaviour when it comes to not making provocative or rash statements about their well-known mutual rivalry in Afghanistan. This relationship was tested after the Afghan Taliban's Haqqani network launched attacks several years ago on the Indian embassy and its personnel in Kabul. India and the US have repeatedly put the blame on Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), which has worked closely with the Haqqani network since the 1970s. Since those attacks ceased, both

The sad state of India’s security hindu Every man his own carver, wrote Jonathan Swift. It didn’t take India’s political leaders too many hours to begin slicing what profit could be had from the train-bombing in Chennai. The BJP cast the bombing, on the basis of the flimsiest conjecture, as an attempted attack on Chief Minister Narendra Modi; Congress politicians, for their part, threw about innuendo about the perpetrators’ intentions and provenance. Questions about the extent to which the National Investigation Agency, that is controlled by the Central government, ought to be involved in the process of investigation within the State also quickly came to the fore. Lost in the noise was the issue that really matters: why citizens remain so much at danger when they travel, are at their workplaces, or when they are just walking down a crowded market street. Swathi Parachuri, the young woman whose life was extinguished by the bomb explosion, was one of the thousands of Indians who have died at the hands of terrorists. The killing continues though politicians have, for decades, been promising action. The facts are simple — and make clear the States and the Central government are equally to blame. As the United States State Department noted earlier this week, India’s internal security infrastructure is severely anaemic. In spite of the massive expansion of police manpower and large investments in technology after 26/11, training standards and personnel skills are well behind minimal acceptable standards. In areas involving specialist skills, like forensics, acute staffing deficits are evident. Last year, The Hindu revealed that the intelligence services, the cutting edge of the country’s counter-terrorism efforts, were yet to fill staffing deficits of up to 33 per cent, a full five years after the Mumbai carnage. The case of the Railway Protection Force, tasked with protecting trains and tracks along with the State governmentcontrolled Government Railway Police, is illustrative. Though the 65,000-strong force has grown steadily in numbers over the last decade, instances of serious crime occurring around the railway system — murder, rape and burglaries — are all up. Even where infrastructure exists for frisking passengers and luggage, it is utilised only cursorily. The same story unfolds in cities around the country, where illtrained personnel wave metal-detectors over cars or people carrying metal objects — and simply ignore the beeping. The situation has not changed because political leaders and bureaucrats simply don’t care enough about the issue to ensure that police forces are adequately equipped and trained to discharge their functions. The situation won’t change until citizens start holding those in office to higher standards of accountability.

countries have kept the rhetoric down, despite constant needling by Mr Karzai, Afghan army generals, Russia and Iran, which have all argued that India needs to do more to support the ANA. India has declined, saying it does not want to get involved in the civil war in Afghanistan even though it has supported the government strongly. Now that the Americans are leaving by the end of this year, India seems to have changed its tune. So far the agreement with Russia implies that India will pay for Russian arms such as light artillery and mortars to be delivered to Afghanistan. However both countries say it could involve the delivery of heavy weapons in the future. According to Reuters, India is expected to help Afghanistan restart an old armaments factory near Kabul, refit old Soviet-era weapons, and step up training of Afghan officers and special forces something it has already been doing in small numbers. Afghans have long fought with Russian or, previously, Soviet weapons and much prefer those to Western arms. Under US supervision and payment, the Russians recently supplied the tiny Afghan air force with Russianmade M-17 helicopters, which the forces of the Northern Alliance used for many years in the war against the Taliban. All this is likely to deeply annoy Pakistan, and escalate tensions with India and rivalry over their influence in Afghanistan. The Pakistan army has a low opinion of the ANA and does not trust it receiving offensive weapons which could be used on their common

border. Now - just as Pakistan is giving the Afghan Taliban and its leader Mullah Mohammed Omar sanctuary on its soil - Afghanistan is allowing the Pakistani Taliban and its leader Mullah Fazlullah to shelter in Afghanistan. Both sides have denied providing official sanctuary to the Taliban. This tit-for-tat escalation has already led to fire-fights, exchanges of artillery fire and casualties between the two armies on the border. Islamabad also has suspicions that Indian trainers or advisers on the border could theoretically now replace US and Nato trainers. Moreover, the arms deal could lead to a replay of the bloody civil war in the 1990s, when Pakistan backed the Taliban, and India, Iran, Russia and the Central Asian republics backed the then Northern Alliance. Balancing act? However, one country could play a stabilising or balancing role and that is China. President Karzai has also asked China for military help but Beijing has been extremely reluctant to get involved on the ground in Afghanistan - just as China refuses to get involved in other conflict zones such as North Korea. Pakistan could now ask its closest ally, China, to get more involved in bolstering the ANA. That could balance Indian and Russian influence. Where will money come from to pay the wages of Afghan soldiers in the future? One critical unanswered question remains: who is going to pay the $4bn a year that the ANA needs to continue

functioning and paying salaries? The US and Nato have said they are willing to foot part of the bill but not for very long. There is no hint that India, Russia or China have offered money up front to support the ANA. Most experts conclude that the ANA will have to drastically reduce its size anyway by next year, because nobody will be willing to support more than 320,000 soldiers and policemen who constitute the present Afghan security forces. If outside countries pour in heavy weapons without the money to pay for sustaining the army, the danger of those weapons ending up with the Taliban becomes even greater. That is exactly what happened with the last lot of Soviet heavy weapons left behind in 1989 when Soviet forces left Afghanistan. The weapons were soon in the hands of warlords and the Taliban and the civil war started. Pakistan fears that any heavy weapons arriving in Afghanistan could end up in the hands of the Afghan and Pakistani Taliban. Afghanistan needs peace before it needs more weapons, and it needs bigger doses of diplomacy and political dialogue to get the Taliban to stop fighting. If that could happen, rather than flooding it with weapons once again, Afghanistan would be a happier place. Ahmed Rashid is a Pakistani journalist and author based in Lahore. His latest book is Pakistan on the Brink - The Future of America, Pakistan and Afghanistan.

Why I won't be voting for Mandela's party in South Africa this time Christian sCienCe Monitor SiSonke MSiMan

On April 26, 1994 – the day of South Africa’s first post-apartheid democratic elections – I was driving from Minneapolis to Chicago in a rented mini-van tightly packed with fellow South African students from various colleges in Minnesota. We were on our way to the South African consulate in Chicago to cast our votes for the first time – mine for Nelson Mandela’s party, the African National Congress. We may have been far away from the sunny jubilation of the first democratic elections at home, but we were determined not to miss out on history. For me, the moment has particular poignancy: I was born and lived my whole life outside South Africa. My father left South Africa when he was 19 years old. He returned in 1993 at the age of 53 after the ANC – of which he was a lifelong member – was unbanned. South Africans are going to the polls in the fifth national elections since 1994. But my vote for the ANC will not be assured, as it was in 1994. Like many South Africans I watched in horror as the South African police gunned down 34 miners two years ago. Most days I find it hard to stomach the news – there are so many corruption scandals that it is hard to keep track. Despite this, I will forever love the movement that freed us, even as I recognise that it too needs its powers checked and diluted. This election, I am voting for a rebalancing of power in the next 20 years. At the consulate in Chicago that day in 1994, we may have been dishevelled college students, but we were treated like royalty. Until that day, most of us would have had no cause to be in the building; as black South Africans, the consul would have turned us away. But that year, everything had changed. My nuclear family was now “home,” living in South Africa. My mother was busy as one of only a handful of qualified black accountants in the country. My father was heading up a transitional fund to support non-profits to thrive in a new democracy. My youngest sister was in high school in Durban. Exile is a neat word. It does nothing to convey the solitude that comes with being barred from the country of your heart. But that day 20 years ago I found it hard to be bitter. Instead, I was proud. I took my turn at the booth and marked my ballot with a vote for Nelson Mandela and the African National Congress. When I called home to Durban later that day, my youngest sister picked up. I asked excitedly, “How was it?” At fifteen she was too young to vote, but she had no trouble answering my question. “Amazing Sonk, I wish you were here.” She described everything: the exuberance of the crowds, the fear that it might all go wrong, the hi-

larity of old white women insisting on jumping the queue. Her voice had the quality of bubble gum; it carried across the static in the line like pink and blue glitter thrown into a breeze. The house was full of relatives and friends who had come to share the day with us, and somehow I managed to speak to everyone without the phone line cutting off. Finally my father got on the line. I clutched the phone as if by sheer force of will I might be transported to our living room in Durban. “So, you are in Chicago?” he asked. “Yes, Baba,” I responded, trying to pretend that I was not overwhelmed by the sound of his voice. “Well that’s good,” he said, “I am glad you made it.” We were quiet for a while, suddenly unsure what to say. Then he said what I had been waiting to hear. “Here we are my child.” He used his affectionate name for me. He laughed and then said awkwardly, almost in a whisper, as though he cannot believe it himself, “We did it. We are free.” That X crossed in a voting booth in Chicago marked my spot in history. It marked my place in a new nation at the start of a new era. Since then, much has improved. In our village, there is now running water and electricity. The road has been paved, and there are many new houses in the comm u n i t y. But my cousins have endured abysmal educations, and too many of them have been victims of rapes and sexual assaults. The ANC has become increasingly preoccupied with commandeering state resources either f o r t h e

benefit of its leaders or for the party itself. Worse, in seeking to protect President Jacob Zuma from the many scandals in which he has become embroiled, the party has used its majority in parliament to try to change our laws. In its original form, the ominous Secrecy Bill – which was bravely resisted by ordinary citizens – would have jailed journalists who published “classified’ information.” A modified version remains on the legislative agenda for this year. Despite my loss of faith in many of those who liberated us, I a m excited about our democr a c y . S o u t h Africans are realising that while elections matter, civic activism matters more. Twenty years ago when I cast my vote, I was a grateful teenager. Today when I stand in that booth I will do so as an invested citizen, as a mother, as a woman concerned with the safety of all women in my country, and as a black person committed to living alongside my white compatriots in dignity. When the tally is done, the ANC will win handily. Nonetheless, I will have voted my conscience, looking not to the past, but to the future. Sisonke Msimang is a South African writer and commentator with a background in foundation work to support non-profit organisations fighting for democratic change in Africa. She is currently an Aspen Institute New Voices Fellow and director of advocacy and accountability at Sonke Gender Justice.


10 BUSINESS

Thursday, 8 May, 2014

TWO $800M 660MW POWER PLANTS TO START SOON KARACHI

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STAFF REPORT

INdH Engro Coal Mining Company (SECMC), a joint venture of Sindh government and Engro Powergen Ltd, held a media briefing in Karachi Wednesday. The briefing was presided over by Khurshid Jamali, Chairman Bod – SECMC and Shamsuddin A. Shaikh, CEO – SECMC. While giving a briefing to the media, Shamsuddin Shaikh said that at an estimated 170 billion tons, there is enough energy trapped in the reserves to satisfy the energy needs of Pakistan for the next hundred years. The reserves are buried deep under the desert sands and are separated by the reservoirs of fossilized aquifers. While there is high moisture, the Sulphur content of Thar coal is low, making it environmentally more attractive. Pakistan is fortunate to have abundant coal reserves that are equivalent to the combined oil reserves of Iran and Saudi Arabia in energy equivalent terms, and have the capacity to produce 100,000 MW of electricity for 200 years. Shams added that Thar coalfield

with a resource potential of 175 billion tons of coal covers an area of over 9,000 sq km in the Thar desert in Tharparkar district, in southeastern part of Sindh. At the optimum capacity of 4,000 MW, power produced from Thar Coal can yield a tariff of approximately 6.0 cents/Kwh. This is the cheapest of the options currently available with our decision makers. Additionally, it is approximately 50% cheaper than RFO based power generation. Sindh Engro Coal Mining Company (SECMC), a Joint Venture between Govt. of Sindh and Engro Corporation, has been working on the project for the past 4-5years. Engro as managers of the project have been working on the technical and commercial aspects whereas Govt. of Sindh is developing the requisite infrastructure for the project. As developer of Thar Block-II, SECMC plans to expand the mine in phases and reach a sustainable capacity of coal output for the production of 4,000 MW for more than 50 years. Phase – I of the project envisages mining operation of 3.8 mn tons per annum of coal to be utilized by mine-mouth 660 MW power plant for 30 yearsA wholly owned subsidiary by the name

of Thar Power Company (THARCO) was incorporated in 2013 with the objective of developing the power plant designed to operate on Thar coal. The total investment for the integrated project is estimated to be US$ 1.7 billion where China will fuel the project with investment, labor and machineries. Subsequent to Government of Pakistan’s consent to provide Sovereign Guarantee for debt portion of mining subject to Government of Sindh being the majority shareholder in SECMC, the JV agreement has been amended to increase shareholding of GoS to 51%. However, management control of the project will remain with Engro. Speaking of the project’s current status, Shams said that the Company has achieved substantial progress on the mining and power project during the year. Firm EPC bids have been received from leading Chinese firms and final announcement is expected by end of this month. 6000 acres of land has been acquired for which no resettlement is required. A public hearing of Environment and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) was held last month to apprise the stakeholders on environmental and socio-economic impacts

of the Power Plant project, approval is expected by next month.Environment approval for Mining Project was received last year. Finally, on April 30, 2014, the works for 113 million cubic meter overburden removal in Thar Block – II took start.Furthermore, infrastructure requirements including water, transportation and power transmission line from Thar to Matiari are being pursued actively with relevant authorities/agencies. The integrated project is expected to come online by dec 2017. Shams said that this major breakthrough has only been made possible through the instrumental support provided at all forums by Government of Pakistan, Government of Sindh, Engro and other investors.A number of local industrial groups and investors are going to join hands with SECMC to make this project a reality and drive Pakistan on-track towards energy selfreliance. In his closing remarks, Shams Shaikh added that Thar truly is the most viable power generation option for Pakistan. development of indigenous Thar Coal Reserves offers a fortune-turning proposition for Pakistan, which will not only address the severe power shortage crisis in medium to long term but also bring energy security to the country. The project will also bring immense socio-economic benefits for the poor people of Thar as the project will catalyze the creation of social assets – medical facilities, educational institutions, and infrastructural development and job opportunities.

WIDE-BODY AIRCRAFTS WANTED FOR KARACHI-EURASIA FLIGHTS KARACHI STAFF REPORT

FPCCI’s Standing Committee on Aviation Chairman Muhammad Yahya Polani has urged Turkish Airlines to launch a wide-body aircraft from Karachi-Pakistan to Eurasian region. Exchanging views with Huseyin Cepni, General Manager of Turkish Airlines, in a meeting held at TAAP, Polani appreciated that the Airlines was vibrantly operating in Pakistan while providing quality services for Eurasian region and entrance to European Union countries via Istanbul and of

course to other countries worldwide. The Turkish flag-carrier was not only connecting the business communities of two countries but also providing air cargo services, said Polani. He emphasized that regular flights and wide-body comfortable aircraft connecting two countries is crucial to facilitate the business travelling and transportation of air cargo, particularly for perishable goods, he maintained. He appreciated the services rendered by Huseyin Cepni, GM Turkish Airlines. He opined that if the proposed PIA-Turkish Airlines Agreement could not turned to reality. Had that agreement materialized it could have brought advantageous results for

CORPORATE CORNER MSSMST visit to Azerbaijan to boost ties: Pak envoy

the National Carrier and the Country today. General Manager Turkish Airlines Husseyin Cepni said Turkish Airline aims to provide services to Pakistanis to fly from Pakistan to worldwide. He announced that during his recent visit to Airlines Headquarters at Turkey, he proposed launch of widebody aircraft from Karachi. Presently, Turkish Airlines was operating wide-body aircrafts from Islamabad and Karachi. The Airline had a fleet of around 250 planes and 12 new airbus 320 were under purchase. He apprised that Turkish Airlines is providing quality services to Pakistanis travelling between Pakistan and Turkey and to other regions of the world particularly Europe.

Usman also advised Pakistani Industrialist, Business community members to find out venues for investment and business opportunities in Azerbaijan, and also appreciated the activities and achievements of MSSMST,added that self funded this study tour will be of great help and guidance for promotion of Sports linkages not only between two countries but we can also learn more from their experiences in the field of Social Sports Sector. PRESS RELEASE

Toyota “Future Dream Car” award ceremony held

bAKu: “Pakistan & Azerbaijan are more than friends, they are brothers,” said Khalid Usman Qaiser Pakistan’s Ambassador in Azerbaijan at a dinner hosted by him in honour of visiting Malik Saad Shaheed Memorial Sports Trust (MSSMST) delegation from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. The delegation was headed by Vice-Chancellor Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan & Member MSSMST Board of Trustees(BOT) Prof. Dr. Ihsan Ali and also included Trust Acting Chairman & CEO ICMS Tajamul Hayat Malik, former MPA & Member BOT Dr. Zakir Shah, University of Peshawar Sports Director Bahar-aKaram, Director-General Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa & Member BOT Muhammad Javed Marwat, Bank of Khyber’s Director Media & Member BOT Syed Ali Nawaz Gilani, Ex-Additional Secretary to Governor Khyber Pakhtunkhwa & Member BOT Muhammad Dawood Khan, Veteran Industrialist & Member BOT Imtiaz Ahmad Ali, MSSMST Secretary Amjad Aziz Malik, Trust Administrative Officer Irshad Ahmad & Member BOT Shakeel-ur-Rehman. Pakistan’s Ambassador Khalid Usman Qaiser mentioned that Azerbaijan recently got independence but in a short span of time there are visible developments in all fields of life. The Founder of Azherbaijan Heydar Aliyev presents President Ilham Aliyev lead the Azerbaijan on socio-economic developments which are clearly visible. Ambassador Khalid Usman mentioned that Azherbaijan is Sports loving country and winner of 10 medals in London Olympics. Next year they are hosting European Games in 2015 and also in 2017 Islamic Solidarity Games will be held in Azerbaijan for which various latest Sports facilitations Centre, Stadiums are under final stage of construction. Ambassador Khalid

KARACHI: The second award ceremony of the 8th Annual Toyota Dream Car Art Contest was held in Karachi. The Toyota Dream Car Art Contest is a global Toyota Motor Corporation (TMC) initiative held every year among schoolchildren, worldwide. The purpose behind this initiative is to promote art and to create opportunities for children to express their creative imagination through art by drawing a “Future Dream Car”. The event hosted 3,257 entries from schools in the southern region of Pakistan. Besides a large number of schools, special children from vocational schools also participated in the Contest. The Toyota Dream Car Art Contest comprises a series of three regional events with the first held in Islamabad, second in Karachi and the third to be held in Lahore. The artworks of the participating children were displayed at the event, showcasing the immense talent and imagination of the participating children. The chief guests at the award ceremony included Akira Ouchi, the Consul General of Japan in Karachi and Rahat Kazmi, renowned actor, professional speaker and academician. Also present on the occasion were the senior management of Indus Motor Company (IMC). PRESS RELEASE

DON’T FORGET TO EXCHANGE DECIMAL COINS KARACHI: State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) has reminded the general public to exchange the decimal coins of Paisa 1,2,5,10,25 & 50 from the field offices of SBP BSC and commercial and microfinance banks branches by last working day of September 30. For awareness of general public, SBP has advised the Commercial /Microfinance Banks to display posters/banners at visible places of their branches for exchange of decimal coins. It may be recalled that the federal government has already notified that coins of Paisa 1,2,5,10,25 & 50 will cease to be legal tender on October 1, 2014. However, it can be exchanged from the field offices of SBP BSC and branches of banks till September 30, 2014. STAFF REPORT

DAR MEETS IMF DELEGATION DubAI: The Federal Minister for Finance, Economic Affairs, Revenue and Statistics Senator Muhammad Ishaq Dar while chairing a meeting with IMF delegates, which was among others attended by the senior officials of Ministry of Finance, State Bank of Pakistan gave an update on Pakistan’s economy. The finance minister said that Pakistan’s performance on various actions/economic indicators envisaged under the reform agenda was on track and most of the Policy Actions, Performance Criteria and Benchmarks have been met. The growth during the first half of current financial year posted 4.1% against 3.4% of the last financial year. The factor behind the growth is the rebound in industrial sector, which is backed by remarkable growth in large scale manufacturing sector due to better energy supply. All indicators of the economy are on upward trajectory. The inflation has also been contained to single digit during the first ten months of the current fiscal year. The finance minister stated that the outlook of external sector has been positive on account of inflows from multilateral and bilateral development partners, Euro Bond, privatization proceeds, 3G/4G license proceeds, IMF tranche and significant increase in remittances. He also mentioned about further increase in the foreign inflows during the remaining part of the current financial year. IMF’s Mission Chief appreciated the efforts of the government in meeting various targets in a short period of time. AgEnciES

LG’s ultra wide monitor receives top accolade KARACHI: LG Electronics’ (LG)21:9 UltraWidemonitor (model 34UM95) monitor has been crowned the Best Photo Monitor by the Technical Image Press Association (TIPA). The 34-inch, 21:9 aspect ratio model offersstunningUltraWide QHD resolution (3440 x 1440), superior color management features and a host of connectivity options, includingThunderbolt™ 2. LG’s ULTRA HD TV (UB980Series) was also honored by TIPA, receiving the Best Photo TV award. “We are incredibly honored that TIPA has bestowed itsBest Photo Monitor award on the 34UM95,” said Hyoung-sei Park, head of the IT Business Division at LG Electronics. “With its exceptional capabilities and amazing picture quality, our professional-grade monitor is setting new benchmarks for all-around excellence.LG will continue to develop the best possible display products for professionals and home users.” Multimedia editors and professionals in the graphic arts will surely appreciate the image clarity, color accuracy and productivityenhancing features of the 34UM95. The expansive 34-inchIPS displaytakes advantage of the increasingly sought-after 21:9 aspect ratio as well as stunningUltraWide QHD resolution. LG’s monitor also supports several connectivity options such as Thunderbolt™ 2 which provides transfer speeds of up to 20Gbps, dramatically increasing productivity when working with large size photo and video files. PRESS RELEASE

KARACHI: Haier’s contract signing ceremony for distribution of laptops to talented students organised. PRESS RELEASE


LEISURE 11

Thursday, 8 May, 2014

HaGaR tHE HoRRIblE

aries

taurus

gemini

Try not to be overly critical today -- though you are sorely tempted to let people know just what you think! It's one of those days when you need to be more careful of others' feelings.

Make good use of this terrific personal energy -- it's a great time to ask out that hottie or to promote yourself into a new job. People are likely to see you in the best possible light.

You're having a hard time reaching your closest friends or family members today -- even if you're in the same room! Communication just isn't as straightforward as usual, which means you have to try harder.

cancer

leo

Virgo

Communication is pretty great right now -- so it's the best time for you to make your case or try to convince a friend that they need to mend their ways soon. You have a better shot if you just go for it!

Your finances are at the forefront of your mind today -- or they should be, anyway! You can make some real progress toward easing your debt load or on investing for your future if you apply yourself.

Your personal energy is off the charts today -- and you feel that you could take on any challenge! You can tap into your resources with ease and find exactly the tool you need to address almost anything.

libra

scorpio

sagittarius

Can you stay home and do nothing at all today? That would be optimal, if only to let your batteries recharge -- but also because your actions may backfire in minor ways throughout the day.

A friend comes to you with a request -- and it's one that you are better off helping them out with ASAP. Even if it seems dumb or crazy, it leads to something really good for both of you.

Details are everything right now, so make sure that you're really checking them over. You may find that it's easier for you to enlist support than it is to just tackle it all yourself, though.

dIlbERt

GaRFIEld

baldo

capricorn

aQuarius

pisces

Information is coming your way at a prodigious rate -- but you've got the mental energy to sort through it all and pick out the stuff that means the most to you. Keep it handy for later!

You need to deal with a business problem that isn't going away, as much as you wish it would. Try not to worry about the consequences in the very long term, as that is completely unforeseeable now.

Do you know what's really going on? If so, you're a rarity. You need to reconsider the roles people are playing in your life, because at least one of them needs a major shift in order to work out right.

cRosswoRd

sUdokU

woRd sEaRcH

ACROSS

bRIdGE

How to play fill in all the squares in the grid so that each row, column and each of the squares contains all the digits. the object is to insert the numbers in the boxes to satisfy only one condition: each row, column and 3x3 box must contain the digits 1 through 9 exactly once.

Today’s soluTions

REalIty cHEck

cHEss black TO PlaY aND MaTE IN ThrEE MOVEs

DOWN

8 7 6 5 4 3 2

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

chess solution

A

1...Nfxe4 2.fxe4 Qh4+ 3.Qf2 Qxh6 *

1

sudoku solution

2 sport with sticks (8) 3 fold sewn or pressed into cloth (5) 4 small bouquet (7) 5 cavalry unit commanded by a captain (5) 6 french country house (7) 7 isle (anag) — polynesian garlands (4) 11 strangle (8) 13 full (of food) (7) 14 scathing (7) 16 ascended (5) 17 sedate — staid (5) 18 tolerable (2-2)

mussel myrrh myrtle period perpetuate plumb praise rear regulate reward safe saga sear shall slab snout sporadic tear tortures weekly

crossword solution

1 playful sexual activity (4,3,6) 8 highest point of achievement (4) 9 scattered — irregular (8) 10 mince and mashed potato dish (7,3) 12 spy roe (anag) (6) 14 captured (6) 15 Jane austen novel (10) 19 wells's county (8) 20 wagers (4) 21 surreptitious (4-3-6)

abuse aroma author baffle battle bill charge core courtyard cycled dens distant elect epoch flail grade hanger heed license mechanic


12

Thursday, 8 May 2014

ARTS

GettinG and stayinG active Good for older hearts: study

P

EOPLE in their 60s and 70s who regularly engaged in physical activity, such as walking, had the healthiest hearts in a new study. Compared to sedentary peers, the older adults in the study who were active had better heart-rate variability – a measure of the slight differences in time between each heartbeat that is influenced by the health of both the heart and the nervous system. “Modest physical activity, such as the distance and pace of walking, is important for the heart’s electrical well being of older adults,” Luisa SoaresMiranda told a foreign news agency. The effects were seen over time, added Soares-Miranda, a researcher at the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston and the Faculty of Sport at the University of Porto in Portugal who led the new research. “In our study, older adults that increased their walking pace or distance had a better heart rate variability when compared with those that decreased their walking pace or distance,” she said. Heart rate variability is a sign of a healthy heart that can respond readily to changing demands and is often used as a measure of fitness for adults of any age. Previous research has shown a link between exercise, heart rate variability, and lowered cardiovascular risk in groups of middle-aged people, but little is known about whether those ties per-

sist in older adults, the researchers note in the journal Circulation. Soares-Miranda and her colleagues analyzed data on nearly 1,000 participants in the Cardiovascular Health Study that began in the U.S. in 1989. The men and women were 65 or older at the beginning of the study and were followed for five years. Study participants were initially evaluated for their health status, medical history and cardiovascular risk factors, and asked about their usual amounts of physical activity, including sports and everyday activities such as gardening, housework and walking. All the people included in the new

analysis had their heart rate variability tested at the beginning and end of the five-year study period. When the researchers analyzed the data, they divided participants into five groups representing the lowest to the highest amounts of physical activity and found that people in the top fifth also had the most favourable heart-rate variability results. That was particularly true for those who increased their walking pace or distance over the five years studied. The results don’t prove that the exercise influenced heart rate variability, but the researchers adjusted for several factors, including weight, overall

health, use of heart drugs or presence of diabetes, to see if people with the healthiest hearts were the most likely to engage in physical activity. The results held, and based on other large studies, Soares-Miranda and her team calculated that participants who were the most active had about 11 percent less risk of cardiovascular disease compared to participants who were the least active. “Our results suggest not only that regular physical activity later in life is beneficial, but also that certain beneficial changes that occur may be reduced when physical activity is reduced,” Soares-Miranda said. She also said the study findings support the need to maintain modest physical activity throughout the aging process. “Even small increases can lead to a better health, while reducing physical activity has the opposite effect,” she said. “So, any physical activity is better than none, and more is better.” Walking is the most common form of activity, SoaresMiranda said, and she believes it’s a good way to achieve physical activity recommendations for aerobic exercise. “I think that if a senior feels comfortable with his or her usual physical activity -- independently of what the activity is, he or she should not slow down,” Soares-Miranda said. “If walking is the main physical activity, try to walk an extra block or walk at a faster pace. It is never too late to start and to do more.” AGENCIES

ARTIST REPOPULATES DESERTED VILLAGE WITH CREEPY DOLLS When Japanese artist Ayano Tsukimi returned to her village 11 years ago, it wasn’t the place she once knew it to be. There were hardly any people around anymore, so she decided to repopulate the place herself – with handmade dolls. These dolls can be seen strewn across the village, on benches, in the street, outside her home, working in farms, and even lounging about the abandoned school compound. Over a span of 10 years, she has sewn about 350 life-size dolls, each one representing a former villager. Nagoro is a remote village, nestled deep in the valleys of Shikoku Island. It was once a bustling center with a dam, a big company and hundreds of inhabitants. But the residents moved to bigger cities over the years, in search of better jobs, abandoning the village permanently. Its population is dwin-

dling as the residents left behind continue to die. Today, Nagoro has only 37 living inhabitants, and of course, many times more dolls. Interestingly, Ayano’s talent in doll-making remained hidden until a year after she moved back home. In the first year, she tried hard to plant seeds, but none of them sprouted. So she decided to make a scarecrow and it actually turned out looking a lot like Since then, Ayano has not stopped making dolls, filling her village with the people she once knew. Her work was recently covered in a documentary called The Valley of Dolls, made by journalist and photographer Fritz Schumann. He explored Ayano’s world of dolls in detail, examining and explaining her technique and motives. “I never thought it would turn into this,” she said in the film. BY ODDITY CENTRAL

PEOPLE THINK MEALS TASTE BETTER IF THEY'RE EXPENSIVE: RESEARCH

A new study has found that restaurant goers who pay more for their meals think the food is tastier than if it is offered for a smaller price. The experts think that people tend to associate cost with quality and this changes their perception of how food tastes. Scientists at Cornell University in New York studied the eating habits of 139 people enjoying an Italian buffet in an upstate restaurant. The price of the food was set by the researchers at either $4 or $8 all-you-can-eat meal. Customers were asked to rate how good the food tasted, the quality of the restaurant and to leave their names. The experiment revealed that the people who paid $8 for the food enjoyed their meal 11 per cent more than those who ate the ‘cheaper’ buffet. Interestingly those that paid for the $4 buffet said they felt guiltier about loading up their plates and felt that they over ate. However, the scientists said that both groups ate around the same quantity of food in total, according to the study presented at the Experimental Biology 2014 meeting this week. Brian Wansink, a professor of consumer behaviour at the university, said: ‘We were fascinated to find that pricing has little impact on how much one eats, but a huge impact on how you interpret the experience.’ He thinks that people enjoyed their food more as they associated cost with quality and that small alterations to a restaurant can change how tasty people find their meals. In a previous study, researchers from the university showed that people who eat in dim lighting consume 175 less calories than people who eat in brightly lit areas. VIA MAIL ONLINE

ECZEMA MAY REDUCE RISK OF SKIN CANCER: UK STUDY Eczema, as any sufferer will attest, can be a real pain. But there may be a silver lining, it seems, as the condition may lower the risk of developing skin cancer. People with eczema have an overactive immune system which means their skin easily becomes dry and prone to infection. But this so-called defective skin barrier may also help them shed potentially cancerous cells from the skin and so protect against one of the most common types of skin cancer, squamous cell cancer (SCC). Previous studies have suggested that having eczema may cut the risk of skin cancer. But it is difficult to draw firm conclusions based on studies of humans because eczema symptoms vary in severity and drugs used to treat the condition might also influence cancer. A new study from King’s College, London, is the first to show that allergy caused by the skin defects could actually protect against skin cancer. People with eczema have an overactive immune system which means their skin easily becomes dry, inflamed and prone to infection.

There are no cures but medical moisturisers called emollients are used to keep the skin lubricated, backed up by topical steroid creams to control flare-ups. A new study published online in eLife journal is the first to show that allergy caused by the skin defects could actually protect against skin cancer. Eczema can result from the loss of structural proteins in the outermost layers of the skin, leading to a defective skin barrier. Genetically engineered mice lacking three skin barrier proteins - called ‘knock-out’ mice - were used to replicate some of the skin defects found in eczema sufferers. The researchers compared the effects of two cancer-causing chemicals in normal mice and the knock-out mice. The number of SCC tumours per mouse was six times lower in knock-out mice than in normal mice. The findings suggest that defects in the epidermal barrier protected the genetically engineered mice against tumour formation. Researchers found that both types of mice were equally susceptible to acquiring cancer-causing mutations. However, an ex-

aggerated inflammatory reaction in knockout mice led to enhanced shedding of potentially cancerous cells from the skin. This cancer-protective mechanism bears similarities to that which protects skin from environmental assaults such as bacteria. Professor Fiona Watt, of King’s College, said: ‘We are excited by our findings as they establish a clear link between cancer susceptibility and an allergic skin condition in our experimental model. ‘They also support the view that modifying the body’s immune system is an important strategy in treating cancer. ‘I hope our study provides some small consolation to eczema sufferers that this uncomfortable skin condition may actually be beneficial in some circumstances.’ The researchers were funded by the Medical Research Council (MRC), the Wellcome Trust and Cancer Research UK charity. Skin cancer is a common and growing problem, accounting for one in every three cancers diagnosed worldwide, according to the World Health Organization. Dr Mike Turner, Head of Infection and Immunobiology at the Wellcome

CMYK

Trust, said ‘Skin cancer is on the rise in many countries and any insight into the body’s ability to prevent tumour formation is valuable in the fight against this form of cancer. ‘These findings that eczema can pro-

tect individuals from skin cancer support theories linking allergies to cancer prevention and open up new avenues for exploration whilst providing some (small) comfort for those suffering from eczema.’ ONLINE


Thursday, 8 May, 2014

ARTS MiChaeL JaCkson's CHILDREN RECEIVE MILLIONS AS ANNUAL INCOME

13

Lewinsky writes about affair with biLL CLinton

s

Michael Jackson's children have been granted a total annual income of $8 million. The late King of Pop left behind three children when he died of acute Propofol intoxication in 2009 - 17-year-old Prince, 16-year-old Paris and 12-year-old Blanket and the court that oversees their welfare has now allocated finances for their living expenses. The expenses for the youngsters, who live with their grandmother Katherine Jackson and their cousin T.J. Jackson in Los Angeles, California, breakdown as $3 million for their school fees, $300,000 for holidays and $600,000 for a personal security team. The value of the 'Thriller' hitmaker's estate has grown from £3.5 million to £400 million since his death five years ago. The sums have emerged as the mother of Prince and Paris - Debbie Rowe seeks to gain custody of her children, as well as Blanket, who was born through a surrogate mother. The former nurse, who was married to the pop star for three years between 1996 and 1999, claims the children's grandmother is ''too old'' to raise them. VIA CONTACT MUSIC

RANBIR KAPOOR’S COUSINS ALL SET TO ENTER BOLLYWOOD

AyING "It’s time to burn the beret and bury the blue dress," Monica Lewinsky is writing for the first time about her affair in the 1990s with President Bill Clinton. "I, myself, deeply regret what happened between me and President Clinton. Let me say it again: I. Myself. Deeply. Regret. What. Happened," says the now 40 year old Lewinsky in the upcoming issue of Vanity Fair. Lewinsky maintains that her affair with Clinton was one between two consenting adults. "Sure, my boss took advantage of me, but I will always remain firm on this point: it was a consensual relationship. Any ‘abuse’ came in the aftermath, when I was made a scapegoat in order to protect his powerful position," Lewinsky writes. In 1995 Lewinsky, then a White House intern, began a sexual relationship with Clinton. The political scandal and investigation that emerged from that extramarital affair resulted in the Democratic president's impeachment by the Republican-led House of Representatives. Clinton was subsequently acquitted of all impeachment charges during a trial by the Senate. Lewinsky has stayed virtually silent about the affair the past decade. She writes in Vanity Fair that "the buzz in some circles has been that the Clintons must have paid me off; why else would I have refrained from speaking out? I can assure you that nothing could be further from the truth." But she adds that it's time to stop "tiptoeing around my past-and other people’s futures. I am determined to have a different ending to my story. I’ve decided, finally, to stick my head above the parapet so that I can take back my narrative and give a purpose to my past. (What this will cost me, I will soon find out.)” Lewinsky was constantly in the media during and shortly after the controversy. In late 1999 she started selling a line of handbags and the next year she appeared in commercials for diet company Jenny Craig. In 2002 she appeared

in an HBO special on the affair and the next year she hosted a reality dating program on Fox TV. But in 2005, Lewinsky changed course, moving to Great Britain to obtain a masters degree in social psychology at the London School of Economics. She's stayed out of the spotlight since then. In the Vanity Fair article, Lewinsky responds to reports made public in February that Hillary Clinton, in correspondence with close friend Diane Blair during the 1990s, had characterized Lewinsky as a "narcissistic loony toon." Lewinsky writes that her first thought was "as I was getting up to speed: If that’s the worst thing she said, I should be so lucky. Mrs. Clinton, I read, had supposedly confided to Blair that, in part, she blamed herself for her husband’s affair (by being emotionally neglectful) and seemed to forgive him. Although she regarded Bill as having engaged in ‘gross inappropriate behavior,’ the affair was, nonetheless, ‘consensual (was not a power relationship).'" The personal writings of Blair, made public earlier this year, gave insight into

russeLL brand is a generous friend! Much has been spoken about Ranbir Kapoor's cousin Armaan Jain, who is gearing up to make his debut with Lekar Hum Deewana Dil which is being directed by Imtiaz Ali's brother Arif. It was also reported that Saif Ali Khan confirmed that he will be launching the young actor through his production house Illuminati Films. Armaan has previously worked as an assistant director on Karan Johar's Student Of The Year. He took up acting workshops in Delhi and Mumbai before he made his jump to films. Not many know, that Armaan Jain's younger sibling Aadar has also been taking steps towards his Bollywood dream. Aadar, who has trained in film-making and acting in America, has been working overtime as assistant director to Farah Khan on Happy New Year. He even plans to assist for Karan Malhotra's impending Shuddhi. Will the Kapoor khaandan boys make it big in B-town? Only time will tell. MOVIE TALKIES

Russell Brand is letting homeless friends stay at his Los Angeles mansion. The comedian and actor, who has been spending more time in London with girlfriend Jemima Khan, has stunned his pals with his generosity in allowing them to ''chill out'' at his lavish $3.4 million pad while he is away. A source told the Daily Star newspaper: ''It's

keeping a roof over their heads, and they're good people who don't bother anyone so he doesn't see the harm. ''They just chill out and watch TV in the home cinema, or relax by the pool overlooking LA. ''They're never seen anything like it in their lives. They're in awe of Russell and his generosity.'' The 38-year-old star's Beverly Hills mansion is just yards away from properties owned by Jennifer Aniston and Keanu Reeves but Russell makes sure his guests are supervised during their stay so that they don't annoy his celebrity neighbours. The source continued: ''Russell knows having his pals unsupervised would be pushing his luck, and probably his neighbours' patience. ''So he's got a friend of his from the charity he runs to stay over with them and make sure everything's in order. It's been working out fine.'' In the past, the comedian, who is a former heroin addict, has given homeless people lifts in a car, taken them out for meals and handed out cash in the street. He was also once seen helping a man riffle through a rubbish bin. ONLINE

the former first lady's views on the Monica Lewinsky scandal, as well as a host of other issues. The papers were donated by Blair's family to the University of Arkansas. Asked about those conversations between Hillary Clinton and Blair, Lewinsky writes: "yes, I get it. Hillary Clinton wanted it on record that she was lashing out at her husband’s mistress. She may have faulted her husband for being inappropriate, but I find her impulse to blame the Woman-not only me, but herself-troubling.” And she rejects the “narcissistic loony toon” label, saying that she refused to cooperate with interrogators offering the then-24 year old immunity from the threat of jail time in return for wearing a wire to monitor staged conversations with two of Clinton’s confidantes. " "Courageous or foolish, maybe," Lewinsky writes, "but narcissistic and loony?" The full article will appear in the June issue of Vanity Fair, which will be available in New york and Los Angeles and on the iPhone, iPad, Nook, and Kindle - on May 8. COURTESY CNN POLITICAL UNIT

SANDRA BULLOCK DISAPPOINTED OVER CLOONEY’S ENGAGEMENT

‘SPIDER-MAN 2’ NESTS AT TOP OF BOX OFFICE "The Amazing Spider-Man 2" sprang to the top of the North American box office on its debut weekend in theaters, industry figures showed this week. The sequel featuring Andrew Garfield in the famous red and blue tights earned $91.6 million, outperforming the original which took $62 million on its 2012 opening weekend and went on to gross $262 million. Falling to number two, romantic comedy "The Other Woman" starring Cameron Diaz earned $14.4 million in its second week in theatres, according to box officer trackers Exhibitor Relations.

CMYK

"Heaven Is For Real," starring Greg Kinnear as the father of a four-year-old boy who wakes up from emergency surgery with a story about going to heaven and back, held on to third place with $8.6 million in receipts. "Captain America: The Winter Soldier," based on the iconic Marvel superhero and starring Chris Evans, dropped to fourth from last week's second place finish. It pulled in $7.8 million. Animated flick "Rio 2" about a family of blue Macaw parrots with voices by Jesse Eisenberg and Anne Hathaway slipped a notch to fifth with a gross of $7.7 million. AGENCIES

If reports are anything to go by, actress Sandra Bullock is apparently disappointed that her friend and actor George Clooney got engaged to British lawyer Amal Alamuddin. The actress held a soft corner for Clooney and apparently hoped that they will unite at some point, reports showbizspy.com. "Sandra has secretly carried a torch for George for years. As long as he was single, Sandra held out hope that they might get together romantically someday. But now George is set to marry Amal," a source told National Enquirer. "After the news came out (about George's en-gagement), Sandra wailed to a friend: 'That could have been me!'," added the source. Meanwhile, Alamuddin flashed a diamond sparkler while dining at the Malibu restaurant here with the Oscar winner and friends on April 24. The source continued: "Hearing about that, just devastated Sandy. It meant that George was off the market for good. It's hard for Sandy to wrap her mind around it." AGENCIES


14 SPORTS Faltering Sunrisers look for lift Last season, consistency was one of the characteristics that defined Rajasthan Royals and Sunrisers Hyderabad - their scrappy, minimal-fuss brand of cricket making them popular with fans. This season, however, while Royals have hit on a winning patch and surged to the top half of the table, Sunrisers, despite big additions to their batting, are faltering lower down. In Sunrisers last game, AB de Villiers played the kind of innings few teams could have done anything about, but their two victories have shown how critical it is for their top order to fire. Perhaps the best example was their victory against Delhi Daredevils in the UAE, where Aaron Finch and Shikhar Dhawan added 56, the best opening stand for the side so far - which set the base for a score of 184. Compare that to their losses in which their highest total has been 155. Like their batting, the Sunrisers bowling also relies heavily on two individuals - Amit Mishra and Dale Steyn. While Steyn will have recovered from the mauling by de Villiers, Sunrisers could bring back Mishra on a track that can be expected to be a little slower. Royals settled into their new home ground with a win and they would like to keep that form going. They don't have a stellar away record in the IPL and with their next fixtures against Royal Challengers and Chennai Super Kings, a win here could give them a buffer. Form guide (most recent First) rajasthan royals: WWWWL Sunrisers Hyderabad: LWLWL WHere tHey stand rajasthan royals: 3rd, with 10 points from seven games sunrisers Hyderabad: 7th, with 4 points from six games Previous encounter The teams opened their IPL 2014 campaigns against each other, with Royals huffing their way to a fourwicket win in the last over in Dubai. Shikhar Dhawan and David Warner got starts but Sunrisers were restricted to 133. The Royals reply, meanwhile, revolved solely around a fifty from Ajinkya Rahane and an unbeaten 48 from Stuart Binny, who rescued the chase from a position of 31 for 3. WatcH out For Karun Nair played a valuable hand in Karnataka's Ranji Trophy title win this season and he seems to have found his feet for Royals too. He takes his time at the start, but once settled he has been unafraid to switch gears, even going after the faster bowlers in the opposition. Batting at positions between No. 5 and 7, Darren Sammy has come in quite often with Sunrisers stuck in a rut. As the most important batsman in the lower order, his form has denied Sunrisers a final push, putting even more pressure on the top order. stats and trivia Royals are the most successful IPL team batting second, having won 33 of 51 games chasing David Warner needs 88 runs to become the fifth batsman to reach 5000 T20 runs. SPORTS DESK

Thursday, 8 May, 2014

Risk-free Ireland needs panache

L

SPORTS DESK

OVELY as the Clontarf ground is, it was clear on Tuesday, Sri Lanka would rather have been playing somewhere else. The pre-game talk was a little short of pep. The batting was lackadaisical at times (several players probably wore more layers than the number of minutes they spent at the crease). The yapping that normally welcomes opposition batsmen to the crease was muted, and though the fielding was sharp, there was stiffness in the performance. Still, despite the cold and the absence of six top players, Sri Lanka were unblinkingly professional; winning the crucial moments to put the opposition away. There is little to fault in that. Ireland will know Tuesday was their best opportunity to scalp a top-eight team at Clontarf for the first time. With a win in the bag, Sri Lanka are likely to be a stiffer opposition this time, but vulnerabilities remain. Sri Lanka's batting remains unsteady. Often one of the three seniors would lead a recovery if early wickets are lost, but in this team, that responsibility may largely fall to Angelo Mathews, who is a swiftly improving player, but one who is still coming to terms with his numerous roles in the side. Much also depends on the accuracy of Sri Lanka's reading of the kind of conditions almost every man in the dressing room is unfamiliar with. But the hosts would do well to un-

their World Cup campaign, Nuwan Kulasekara outlined his continued progress toward that role with a vital 42 not out in the first match. Already perhaps the most reliable bowler in the attack, Kulasekara is becoming one of the team's most indispensable assets. teams news Offspinner Andy McBrine sits in reserve for Ireland, but it is unlikely he will play. The hosts have a settled batting order, which means Andrew Poynter may miss out again.

earth panache in their own game, to throw Sri Lanka off kilter. On Tuesday, Ireland largely played steady, risk-free cricket, and still lost by 79 runs. The bowlers hit good lines, but did not snuff out enough Sri Lanka wickets to ensure there would be no resurgence. The batsmen played sensibly, but were undone by Sri Lanka's superior craft and skill. A bold new bowling plan or a fearless outlook with the bat may be their best chance to upset a team, that this year, has seemed allergic to losing limited overs matches. Form guide (last Five matches, most recent First) Sri Lanka: WWWWW

Ireland: LLWWL in the spotlight Tim Murtagh was Ireland's star with the ball on Tuesday, consistently beating the left-handers' outside edge with his angle and a little bit of away-seam. With four left-handers in Sri Lanka's top six, Murtagh may consider bowling a fuller, more aggressive length. He may travel for runs that way, but Ireland need an out-and-out strike bowler if they are to topple Sri Lanka, and on Tuesday's evidence, Murtagh could be that man. A week after Sri Lanka's chief selector Sanath Jayasuriya said Sri Lanka would need fast-bowling allrounders for

Ireland (probable): 1 William Porterfield (capt), 2 Paul Stirling, 3 Ed Joyce, 4 Niall O'Brien, 5 Gary Wilson (wk), 6 Kevin O'Brien, 7 Alex Cusack, 8 Stuart Thompson, 9 Max Sorensen, 10 George Dockrell, 11 Tim Murtagh Sri Lanka are unlikely to tinker either. Sri Lanka (probable): 1. Kusal Perera, 2. Upul Tharanga, 3. Lahiru Thirimanne, 4. Dinesh Chandimal (wk), 5. Angelo Mathews (capt) 6. Kithuruwan Vithanage, 7. Ashan Priyanjan, 8. Nuwan Kulasekara, 9. Sachithra Senanayake, 10. Ajantha Mendis, 11. Suranga Lakmal

pitch and conditions There was some dampness in the pitch on Tuesday, and scoring appeared difficult off both seamers and spin bowlers. Word is, a different surface will be used for this match, but expect more of the same. stats and trivia Ireland have not defeated a fullmember nation at Clontarf in 17 attempts. Sri Lanka have now won 16 out of 17 limited-overs internationals played this year.

All-round Afghanistan cruise to title win SPORTS DESK An all-round display from Afghanistan helped them steamroll Nepal and claim the ACC Premier League title with a 108 run (D/L method) win in their last league game. As the top two teams in the Premier League, both Afghanistan and Nepal have qualified for the Asian Cricket Council Championship to be played later this year. The top-order set the foundation for the win, with fifties from Usman Ghani (51) and Hashmatullah Shaidi (51). A brisk 25-ball 34 from captain Mohammad Nabi lifted them after quick wickets, as Afghanistan eventually finished at a strong 262. Nepal's reply was nearly decimated at the start as Dawlat Zadran ran through the top order to leave them at 40 for 4. From thereon, the chase was always going to be a difficult one and Nepal's chances of salvaging some pride were dealt another blow when rain interrupted the game. After the rain delay extended for more than hour, Nepal resumed their chase at 56 for 5 needing 181 to win from 15 overs. They lost Aarif Sheikh in the first over after resumption but Paras Khadka tried to stall Afghanistan's charge with a 51-ball 33. Once he was out, the ninthwicket pair of Shakti Gauchan and Sompal Kami played off most of the remaining overs as Afghanistan coasted to the win. Dawlat Zadran was named Man of the Match for his 4 for 26. UAE overtook Oman to finish third in the points table, by virtue of a better net run-rate, with a 57-run win in their last match of the competition. In spite of the result, both teams qualified for the Asian Cricket Council Championship, which is to be held later in the year. UAE were asked to bat and got off to a solid start as the openers put up 41 runs. Mohammad Shahzad top-scored with 50 but UAE lost regular wickets which halted the momentum. They were eventually bowled out for 162 with more than 11 overs to go. Medium-

pacer Munis Ansari picked up four wickets in his nine overs, giving away 43 runs. In the chase, Oman had recovered from a shaky start and had reached 75 for 3 but they lost seven wickets for 30 runs and were shot out for 103. Vaibhav Wategaonkar (34) was the only one who provided any resistance. Fayyaz Ahmed and Kamran Shazad picked up three wickets each. Hong Kong beat Malaysia by four wickets at Selangor Turf Club, to pick up their first points of the tournament. Malaysia, who were put in to bat, were struggling to put up a competitive total after they lost

half their side for 79 in the 17th over. Khizar Hayat (37) and Hammadullah Khan (38) revived the side with a 66-run, sixth-wicket stand, but Malaysia could only manage 184 runs as they were bowled out in the 47th over. Left-arm spinner Nadeem Ahmed finished with figures of 3 for 28 in 8.5 overs. In reply, Hong Kong were in a commanding position at 93 for 1 but lost two wickets in four balls, which evened the game out. Babar Hayat scored a 76-ball 45 to guide Hong Kong to a win, with 47 balls to spare. Hayat and Shahrulnizam Yusof shared four wickets among them.

CSA mulls provincial-cricket restructure to control costs SPORTS DESK Cricket South Africa will consider restructuring its provincial, semi-professional competition - the second tier of its domestic cricket - when its board meets early next month. ESPNcricinfo understands the proposal on the table is based on fewer fixtures between the 14 affiliates but no reduction in the number of teams. This revamp is possibly a part of a cost-cutting measure in the aftermath of last summer's curtailed tour by the Indian team. CSA is estimated to have lost out on earnings of around R300 million (US$30 million) from the shortened tour by India, which was cut from three Tests, seven ODIs and two T20s to two Tests and three ODIs. As a result of the shortfall, operations around South African cricket are being streamlined. "The organisation has

been forced to take a critical look at the business to see how it can be more efficient and save money in a difficult climate," said an insider in the know of developments. "At the same time, cutting costs must not be at the expense of cricket." The second tier of domestic cricket,

which operates as a feeder system for the six franchises, has been identified as a primary area for downsizing because it is seen as the only bloated segment of the domestic game. The provincial set-up consists of 14 teams who will likely be divided into groups based on their geo-

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graphic position to reduce the number of matches they play. The most likely scenario is a two-way split with one coastal and one inland group but the pools could be sub-divided further. Currently, all 14 provincial teams play against each other in a three-day league, which has first-class status. That amounts to 13 matches each for a team. One rung higher in the domestic game, the six franchises, who compete in a four-day first-class competition, operate under the same round-robin structure and only play 10 matches each. "If we look at it, our semi-professional sides are playing more than our franchise teams, which just does not make sense," a second source said. "With that amount of matches, there is also the cost of umpires, venues, travel and accommodation so it would make sense to cut that down." CSA, however, did not re-

spond to questions sent in by this reporter. The semi-professional one-day and Twenty20 competitions have already seen that logic applied. The 45-over competition has teams playing just seven matches each while the 20-over event has been halved into inland and coastal groups, in which teams play six matches each before the final is contested between the top teams from each pool. The administrators are also looking at a way to revamp the shortest format and are mulling an FA Cup-style T20 competition, which could be modelled on a knock-out structure. This would include all 14 affiliates and would take place over a set period of a couple of weeks. It could also see the franchise T20 tournament dissolved although the details of that are sketchy. Importantly, CSA will only look at a new T20 competition if it can find a sponsor.


Thursday, 8 May, 2014

ICC anti-corruption unit under review

Confusion prevails over IPL qualifier venue There is confusion over the venue for the second qualifier of the IPL playoffs, with a likelihood that the match could be shifted to the Brabourne Stadium in Mumbai from the Wankhede Stadium. Qualifier 2 will be played between the winner of the Eliminator against the loser of the first qualifier on May 30. "Yes, the second qualifier has been moved [to CCI]," Ranjib Biswal, the IPL chairman, told ESPNcricinfo. Biswal did not give any specific reason for the switch and was also non-committal when asked if the final, which is slotted to be played at the Wankhede, was in danger of being moved. He said: "no decision had been taken yet". Biswal's confirmation was news to Ravi Savant, the Mumbai Cricket Association [MCA] vice-president, who said he was unaware about the development. "The IPL has not told MCA anything like that," Savant said. According to Savant, Sundar Raman, the IPL chief operating officer, was also unaware of the change in venue. "I spoke with the IPL chief operating officer who told me it was news to his ears also," Savant, who is also a BCCI vice-president, said. Savant indicated that a situation over security on May 3 could be the possible reason for the shift. On that day, a few BCCI members who were attending the IPL governing council meeting at the board's office in Wankhede Stadium were denied parking space by the Mumbai police, who were handling security for the match between Mumbai Indians and Kings XI Punjab. "The issue was about car pass. Being a match day the security is taken over by the Mumbai Police," Savant said. "And it was not MCA's fault because we cannot issue passes to everybody." Savant, who was not in Mumbai on May 3, said that the association had written to Sunil Gavaskar, the interim BCCI president for the IPL. "We have officially written to Sunil Gavaskar, president-IPL, about the said difficulty. They said the issue was closed," Savant said. SPORTS DESK

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SPORTS DESK

RICKET'S independent watchdog, the ICC's AntiCorruption and Security Unit (ACSU), is to be reviewed by the game's big three nations, with the body potentially being asked to report directly to the chairman of the board rather than the chief executive of the ICC. The proposals, which stem from the realisation that the sport has changed substantially since the time the ACSU was set up, could see the watchdog effectively controlled by three countries: Australia, England and India. It also means that, barring a dramatic turn of events, the chairman whom the reorganised body will report to is N Srinivasan, who is currently stood down from his duties as BCCI president on orders from India's Supreme Court following allegations of mismanagement related to the 2013 IPL spot-fixing scandal. The April round of ICC meetings in Dubai, a formal review into the function and functionality of the ACSU was commissioned, with the report to be compiled by a four-man team including representatives of India, England and Australia, alongside the ICC chief executive David Richardson. Terms of reference for the review, and its timeline to return findings, are still being finalised. It is believed that a proposal was discussed at meetings surrounding the central board gatherings of the ICC and IDI (ICC Development International, the current commercial arm of the ICC). The proposal pushed for a dramatic reduction of the size of the central ACSU in favour of closer links between the anti-corruption teams of Full Member nations. While the proposal is understood to have been met with a decidedly mixed response by representatives of several nations, the commitment to a review of the workings of the ACSU was encouraged by the widely held

view that the issue of corruption in the game has changed shape considerably since the unit was set up. At the time of its inception in 2000, under the control of the retired Commissioner of London Metropolitan Police, Lord Condon, corruption was seen as primarily an issue for international games broadcast on satellite television. However the explosion of T20, and thus the number of opportunities for matches to be illegally influenced, has encouraged boards to initiate their own units, which may now work more cohesively together. "Because the issue of corruption has moved a lot in recent years with the emergence of domestic T20 competitions, it was time to look at the structure of the policing force and how they tie together," one official said. "It's about making sure they work across international and domestic cricket as a united force, as opposed to being islands of anti-corruption people." Discussions around the role of the ACSU have gone on at ICC board level for some time, flowing on from the evolution of anti-corruption teams in many Full Member countries and the development of greater emphasis on the integrity of domestic

Twenty20 tournaments such as the IPL and the Big Bash League. If the proposed change regarding whom the ACSU reports to is passed, it would maintain a drift of primary responsibility for decisionmaking away from the ICC management quartered in Dubai, where they have been ridiculed by the ECB chairman Giles Clarke in particular for wasting money. According to resolutions agreed upon in February, which are expected to be cleared by the ICC full council in June, the chairman of the executive board will be appointed "on an annual rotation basis solely from the nominees of the BCCI, Cricket Australia and the ECB" with an option to serve for one more year if unanimously agreed upon by the big three. Nevertheless, the question of where the body may report to is a vexing one. The ACSU's independence has allowed it to pursue leads without fear or favour, even if the body's list of convicted match-fixers is a short one. The unit is currently monitoring the development of the probe into corruption in the IPL being conducted by the Supreme Court of India, while also continuing other investigations of its own.

BBL changes contracting rules SPORTS DESK Big Bash League teams will be able to replace squad members who are unavailable due to national duties next summer, one of several changes to the competition's contracting rules. A second trade week will also be introduced to allow teams to refine their lists, and the salary cap has been bumped up from $1.05 million to $1.2 million for each side. Last summer, the rules regarding replacement players were relaxed to allow injured players to return to a squad after being replaced - previously if an injured player was replaced, his tournament was over. This time, a similar rule will allow players called up by Australia to be replaced in the

squad and return to their BBL side when they again become available. The move should help those teams who are heavy on international talent, while also meaning sides are not disadvantaged if a player is unexpectedly promoted to the national side. Mike McKenna, the executive general manager of operations at Cricket Australia, said the change was an extension of last season's injury regulation. "We want fans to be able to watch the best available players, so it's important the rules encourage clubs to continue to contract players who may have national commitments over the summer," McKenna said. "This rule change will minimise the impact on clubs for the period of time that their players are

with the Australian team." The eight BBL sides can begin contracting players from May 19 and must have signed at least 10 players by July 11, before finalising their 18-man squads by December 5. There will now be two trade weeks, one at the start of the contracting period and one in November, in which players may be transferred between teams, though it is not necessary for a side to receive a player in return for giving one up. The trade periods can help sides to ease any salary cap pressure they may be suffering, although the salary cap has been boosted by nearly $200,000. Cricket Australia said the higher amount was part of an increase in player payments across all men's com-

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petitions after CA's revenue was bolstered by last year's media rights agreement, which included a $100 million deal for the BBL to be shown on free-to-air television. A set of figures released to Sydney's Daily Telegraph has shown the effect of the exposure offered to the BBL by the Ten Network during the 2013-14 season. A tournament conceived and launched primarily to attract new follows to the game appears to be doing so. BBL matches consistently attracted television audiences of around 1 million viewers per match, a figure near to those maintained by the AFL and NRL football codes and well in advance of those for the A-League and the Super Rugby competition. Ground attendances that averaged about 19,000 per fixture were on pace with every sport but the AFL. Other figures in the study conducted by Gemba showed that: * 42% of crowds came to their first BBL game * 1 in 5 BBL attendees came to an elite cricket match for the first time * Over 50% of attendees were with family * 24% of BBL attendees are kids vs. 9% at Tests * 51% of women attended their first BBL game * BBL is the clear favourite format of cricket among kids aged 5-15 "We have unashamedly designed a competition and marketed a competition to attract new people to the game," the CA chief executive James Sutherland said. "If it doesn't do that it won't last because it's not a good investment for us. We're excited to see that data."

SPORTS 15 Wawrinka ousted by young Thiem in Madrid Australian Open champion Stanislas Wawrinka crashed to a shock secondround defeat at the Madrid Open when he was upset 1-6 6-2 6-4 by qualifier Dominic Thiem. Third-seeded Swiss Wawrinka, who followed up his title in Melbourne with victory at last month's Monte Carlo Masters, started strongly against the 70th-ranked Austrian, who at 20 years and eight months is the youngest player in the top 100. However, he lost his way in the second set and was unable to recover in the third as Thiem pulled off his first ever win over a top 10 player to secure passage to the third round and a meeting with 15th seed Mikhail Youzhny of Russia or unseeded Spaniard Feliciano Lopez. Wawrinka said he had found trouble adjusting to the conditions in the Spanish capital, where the thinner air at altitude helps the balls fly faster than a clay court at sea level. "It's never easy to (adjust), especially here, it's flying a little bit," added the 29-year-old, who lost to Nadal in last year's Madrid final. "He was finding his game and I was hesitating with my game and wasn't playing my best game. "He's a good player. We all know that. We all see that, especially since the beginning of the year. "I'm not surprised because I know him. He was going for it and he deserved to win." Thiem added: "I cannot really believe it. "Of course I was a little bit nervous, but it wasn't the reason for the first set, his pace was just too high for me. "I played a good game at the beginning of the second set to break him and then I started to get used to more and more his pace and angles and his game. "This year I played very good so far. Played also very consistent. I think that's it's more important, to play almost every day against these top guys to increase your own level." Thiem was joined in the last 16 by fifth seed David Ferrer, who had to dig deep to see off Spanish compatriot Albert Ramos 7-6(6) 5-7 6-3. Top seed and defending champion Rafa Nadal, the world number one, begins his title defence with a second-round match against unseeded Argentine Juan Monaco on Wednesday before seventh seed Andy Murray of Britain takes on Nadal's Spanish compatriot Nicolas Almagro. Nadal's chances of success have been boosted by the withdrawal of both second-ranked Serb Novak Djokovic, who has an arm injury, and Roger Federer. The Swiss world number four opted to miss the tournament so he could be present at the birth of his twin sons Leo and Lenny earlier on Tuesday. Earlier, big serving Marin Cilic breezed past Joao Sousa, conceding just two games to secure a 6-1 6-1 victory in only 54 minutes. Cilic, who has two ATP World Tour titles to his name, hit seven aces and lost just eight points on serve and will now play qualifier Paul-Henri Mathieu in the third round. "The crucial part was in the first set," said Cilic. "I think I played well and I converted both of the break points I had. That made the difference and it became a little bit easier. After I broke him for 2-1 in the second set, the match went quickly." SPORTS DESK

Nadal crushes Monaco in Madrid Rafael Nadal began his Madrid Masters title defence with a resounding 6-1 6-0 success over Argentina’s Juan Monaco. Nadal shrugged off an early break to coast through the opening set – breaking the world number 56 in all three of his service games – before blowing Monaco away in the second set without losing a game. The Spaniard has struggled since losing the Australian Open final to Stanislas Wawrinka at the start of 2014, suffering surprise defeats on clay to David Ferrer and Nicolas Almagro in recent weeks. The world number one beat Wawrinka in last year’s final and followed it up with his eighth French Open title a month later. SPORTS DESK


SPORTS Thursday, 8 May, 2014

Gambhir, Uthappa end KKR’s losing streak Kolkata Knight Riders 161 for 2 (Gambhir 69, Uthappa 47) beat Delhi Daredevils 160 for 5 (Duminy 40*, Karthik 36, Shakib 1-13) by eight wickets Gautam Gambhir and Robin Uthappa put together their second century stand in two matches, and unlike the spectacular collapse that followed against Rajasthan Royals, Kolkata Knight Riders did not mess up to win comfortably against Delhi Daredevils. Gambhir and Uthappa added 106 in 11.5 overs after Knight Riders had allowed Daredevils to recover to 160 for 5, with JP Duminy and Kedar Jadhav looting 54 off the last four overs. The victory broke a run of four straight defeats for Knight Riders, while Daredevils crashed to their third successive loss at home. While Knight Riders finally converted a strong performance into a win, Daredevils were unable to defend a decent total yet again. Their previous two losses were by margins of eight and seven wickets. About the only clear opportunity Daredevils created, barring the usual odd mishit falling in vacant areas, was when Gautam Gambhir feathered a slower one from Siddarth Kaul, but the wicketkeeper Dinesh Karthik failed to take the ball as it dipped in front of him. That was in the sixth over, and by that time, Knight Riders had already gone past 50. Mohammed Shami did begin with a testing opening over, but Daredevils were never able to create any pressure. Gambhir and Uthappa began with a four each in the second over off Wayne Parnell. Uthappa took Shami for successive boundaries in the next over, and Knight Riders were always in front for the rest of the chase. Gambhir is increasingly looking nothing like the batsman who struggled so much to make a single run at the start of the season. His second scoring shot was an emphatic pulled four off Parnell. His timing was so good at times that a clip off the pad flew for six over deep midwicket off Laxmi Shukla. A forward stride and a lofted four over extra cover off Kaul was more evidence of the old touch returning. At the other end, Uthappa hit Shahbaz Nadeem for successive boundaries to bring up the hundred of the stand. He went legbefore to Parnell for 47 off 34, Knight Riders needing 55 off 49 from that point. There were to be no flutters this time, as Gambhir stayed in the middle to push the score past 150 before he was caught behind off Parnell for 69 off 56. Knight Riders reached home in the 19th over, the ten deliveries to spare further driving home the ease of the win. Daredevils were tied down for 16 overs when they batted, and were 105 for 5 when Duminy and Jadhav came together. The openers weren’t able to get going and Kevin Pietersen could not handle the spinners before running himself out. Karthik made a quick 36, but Daredevils still needed a final push if they were to make a competitive total. Duminy and Jadhav provided that, even taking Sunil Narine for 29 in his last two overs, but it barely tested Gambhir and Uthappa.SPORTS DESK

SC wants PCB’s terminated employees’ issue resolved in ten days ISLAMABAD: The Supreme Court on Wednesday directed Islamabad High Court to decide the matter of stay order over termination of Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) employees within ten days. A three-judge bench headed by Justice Anwar Zaheer Jamali heard the petition filed by inter provincial coordination ministry regarding the stay order passed by IHC on the termination of PCB employees. The bench also directed IHC that if court remained failed to solve the matter within ten days the stay order on their termination would stand canceled. During the course of proceedings, Asma Jahangir counsel for IPC Ministry requested the bench to cancel the stay order as it was passed against the rules. She further apprised that IHC lingering the matter which causing the lose of Ministry. Over that the bench directed IHC to expedite the hearing and decide it within ten days otherwise the stay order on the termination of employees would stand cancel. It is to mention here that in the IHC Arbab Altaf, a PCB employee with other employees prayed to the court that PCB had been illegally dismissing its employees and had also published advertisements for fresh inductions. He further prayed to pass a restraining order against new inductions in this connection, therefore the court issued stay order on the termination of the employees till the decision of the case. AGENCIES

Pakistan to host NZ in UAE P SPORTS DESK

AKISTAn will host new Zealand in the UAE for three Tests, five ODIs and a Twenty20 international in november and December, the PCB confirmed on Wednesday. new Zealand will kickstart their tour with a three-day warm-up game in Sharjah against Pakistan A on november 5. Sharjah and Abu Dhabi will host two ODIs and a Test each, while Dubai will be the

venue for the second Test, oneoff T20I, and the first ODI. new Zealand haven’t toured Pakistan since 2003-04. In 2002, an explosion outside the teams’ hotel killed 14 people and brought the Karachi Test as well as the series to an abrupt halt. International teams have not travelled to Pakistan since March 2009, when a bus transporting the Sri Lankan team to the Gaddafi Stadium in Lahore came under gunfire. The teams last played a bilateral series in 2010-11, when new Zealand hosted Pakistan

for three T20Is, two Tests and six ODIs. new Zealand won the T20 series 2-1, but Pakistan clinched the Tests 1-0 with a ten-wicket win in Hamilton, and took the ODIs 3-2.

SCHEDULE

Warm-up game New Zealand v Pakistan A, Sharjah, November 5-7 First Test , Abu Dhabi, November 11-15 Second Test , Dubai, November 19-23 Third Test , Sharjah, November 27-December 1 Only T20I , Dubai, December 5 First ODI , Dubai, December 8 Second ODI , Sharjah, December 12 Third ODI , Sharjah, December 14 Fourth ODI , Abu Dhabi, December 17 Fifth ODI , Abu Dhabi, December 19

Pollard, Starc fined for altercation SPORTS DESK Kieron Pollard and Mitchell Starc have been fined for their heated altercation during the match between Mumbai Indians and Royal Challengers Bangalore at the Wankhede Stadium on May 6. Pollard lost 75% of his match fee while Starc was penalised 50% by match referee Andy Pycroft. Both players admitted to level 2 offences under the IPL’s code of conduct, under which the penalties for a first offence range from a fine of between 50100% of match fee and/or a suspension of up to two matches. Pollard was charged under article 2.2.7 of the code, which deals with, “throwing a ball (or any other item of cricket equipment such as a water bottle) at or near a player, team official,

umpire, match referee or any other third person in an inappropriate and/or dangerous manner during a match.” Starc was charged under article 2.2.11, which deals with, “where the facts of the alleged incident are not adequately or clearly covered by any of the above offences, conduct that either: (a) is contrary to the spirit

of the game; or (b) brings the game into disrepute.” The incident occurred in the 17th over of Mumbai’s innings. Starc bowled a bouncer at Pollard, who was beaten as he attempted a hook. Starc went up to the batsman and spoke a few words and Pollard’s reaction was to wave him off.

Kashif Siddiq banned for failing dope test Kashif Siddiq, the captain of State Bank of Pakistan, has been banned for two years after failing a dope test. He was initially provisionally suspended from playing any form of cricket in January, but the tribunal hearing the batsman found him guilty of violating the PCB’s AntiDoping code. The ban is effective from January 8, 2014. Siddiq, 32, a veteran of 131 firstclass matches, underwent a random dope test during the Faysal Bank T20 Cup for Departments in November 2013. The report suggested a breach of the antidoping code and the PCB formed a three-man committee comprising Shahid Karim (Advocate, Supreme Court), former wicketkeeper Wasim Bari, and Dr Ucksy Mallick to hear Siddiq. It was found that he used the substances Nandralone and Stanozolol. “In accordance with its Anti-Doping Rules, the Pakistan Cricket Board conducted random dope testing during the Faysal Bank T20 Cup held at Lahore in November 2013 in order to detect use of Prohibited Substances,” the PCB stated in a release. “An adverse analytical finding was reported by the National Dope Testing Laboratory (WADA-accredited laboratory) in New Delhi, India, against the sample collected from Kashif Sadique, a player of State Bank of Pakistan. “Accordingly, Kashif Sadique was issued a notice of charge by the PCB in January 2014 wherein he was provisionally suspended from participating in any form of cricket pending the proceedings of the Anti-Doping Tribunal, who after conducting detailed personal hearings found Kashif Sadique (presence of a prohibited substance or its Metabolites or Markers in a Cricketer’s Sample) and imposed a ban of 2 years.” SPORTS DESK

Two sets to love for Federer SPORTS DESK The odds of the Federer twins winning a Wimbledon doubles title in the future have dramatically shortened after Roger Federer and his wife Mirka announced the birth of a second set of twins on Tuesday. The Swiss tennis ace revealed the amazing news on his Twitter account just hours after he announced he was pulling out of the Madrid Masters to be at the birth: “Mirka and I are so incredibly happy to share that Leo and Lenny were born this evening! #TwinsAgain#Miracle.” The two boys were born almost five years after the arrival of their twin sisters Myla Rose and Charlene Riva in July 2009 triggered a flurry of good-natured jokes about future doubles champions. Bookmakers even offered odds of 100-1 of the sisters emulating their famous father by teaming up to win at the All England Club but those odds paled into comparison with the chances of another set of twins. While there was no conclusive agreement on the exact odds, the internet provided a wide variety on the chances of parents having two sets of twins, ranging from 3,000-1 to 700,000-1. Federer has been defying the odds on the tennis court all his life, winning a record 17 Grand Slam titles, and the announcement of twin boys sent social media into overdrive with all sorts of predictions about mixed doubles and a new generation of Swiss precision. Former world number one Boris Becker tweeted: “Congrats to Mirka and @rogerfederer on the new addition to the #family ! #Leo and #Lenny will partner perfectly their older sisters in mixed”.

Former American tennis professional Justin Gimelstob added: “congrats to @rogerfederer #Mirka on the birth of #LEO and #Lenny the @Bryanbros @Bryanbrothers records could be in jeopardy!” Bob Bryan, who has won 15 Grand Slam doubles titles with his twin brother Mike, responded: “Leo & Lenny! #thefuture #twinsrule.” Tennis coach Darren Cahill posted: “Fed works in multiples! Congrats to the

Federer family. Very cool. 2 sets of twins.” Federer is not the first famous sportsman to have twins - Michael Jordan and Pele did as well - but two sets is a rarity. Federer’s older sister Diana also has twins and there had been some speculation earlier that his wife Mirka, a former pro tennis player herself, was expecting twins again but the couple managed to keep it a well-guarded secret. Even on Tuesday, Federer was

Published by Arif Nizami at Plot # 7, Al-Baber Centre, F/8 Markaz, Islamabad.

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keeping his cards close to his chest, posting a simple note on his Facebook page that offered no clues about the arrival of the twins. “I’ve decided to withdraw from Madrid to be with my wife Mirka during these next few exciting weeks for our family,” he wrote. “I apologise to my fans and hope to be back in Madrid next year. “I’ll be training near my home, and am excited to rejoin the Tour soon.”


E paper pdf 7th may (isb)