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FRONT PAGE (24-05-2014) - LHR_Layout 1 5/24/2014 1:02 AM Page 1

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‘TIME FOR TALKS IS OVER’, GEN SHARIF TOLD PM SHARIF

TO GO OR NOT TO GO?

REPRESENTED BY THE BJP IN POWER, INDIA HAS EXTENDED A HAND OF FRIENDSHIP, WE MUST TAKE IT!

NEWS ANALYSIS BY IKRAM SEHGAL

INDIAN CONSULATE ATTACKED IN Twitter blocks ‘blasphemous’, AFGHANISTAN, ‘unethical’ content in Pakistan NO ONE HURT NORTH WAZIRISTAN ASSAULT INTENSIFIES; DEATH TOLL CROSSES 80

STORIES ON PAGE 02

Saturday, 24 May, 2014 Rajab 24, 1435 Rs 17.00 Vol IV No 325 16 Pages Lahore Edition

STORY ON PAGE 03

STORIES ON PAGES 04 & 05


02 NEWS

Saturday, 24 May 2014

‘TIME FOR TALKS IS OVER’, GEN SHARIF TOLD PM SHARIF ISLAMABAD

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T Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif’s palatial offices in Islamabad this week, the army chief sat down to deliver the head of government a message he did not want to hear: The time for talks with the troublesome Pakistani Taliban was over. Sharif came to power a year ago promising to find a peaceful settlement with the Islamist militant group, but as round after round of talks failed, the powerful armed forces favoured a military solution. Their patience finally ran out and, late on Tuesday afternoon, during a tense meeting, the army effectively declared it would override a crucial plank of the government’s strategy and take matters into its own hands. “The army chief and other military officers in the room were clear on the military’s policy: the last man, the last bullet,” a government insider with first-hand knowledge of the meeting told a foreign news agency. Asked to sum up the message General Raheel Sharif wanted to convey at the gathering, he added: “The time for talk is over.” The next day, Pakistani forces launched rare air strikes against militants holed up in the remote, lawless tribal belt near the Afghan border. It is not clear whether Sharif authorized the operation. On Thursday, they backed that up with the first major ground offensive against the Taliban there, undermining Sharif’s year-long attempt to end a bloody insurgency across his country through peaceful means. Disagreement over the militant threat is the latest row to flare up between the government and military, and relations between the two branches of power are at their lowest ebb for years, according to government officials. The government did say talks with the Taliban would go on. “We will talk with those who are ready for it and the (military) operation is being launched against those who are not ready to come to the negotiating table,” spokesman Pervez Rashid told local media on Thursday. But the operations put the military, which has a long record of intervening in civilian rule through plots and coups, firmly back at the centre of Pakistan’s security policy.

DISAGREEMENT OVER THE MILITANT THREAT IS THE LATEST ROW TO FLARE UP BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT AND MILITARY, AND RELATIONS BETWEEN THE TWO BRANCHES OF POWER ARE AT THEIR LOWEST EBB FOR YEARS The balance of power is shifting at a time when foreign troops are preparing to withdraw from Afghanistan, and archrival India has just elected a Hindu nationalist leader promising to be more assertive on the international stage. “This is the clearest signal yet that the army will dictate its terms now,” a member of Sharif’s cabinet said. TALIBAN ON THE OFFENSIVE: The Pakistani Taliban, as distinct from the Afghan Taliban which is actively targeting NATO forces in Afghanistan, is believed to be behind attacks on Pakistani soldiers and civilians that have killed thousands in recent years. The Pakistan Army has distinguished between “good” Taliban like the feared Haqqani network - who do not attack Pakistani security forces but fight in Afghanistan - and “bad” Taliban, indigenous Pakistani militants who are seeking to create an Islamic state. While Pakistan’s military wants to go after the “bad” Taliban, it has, despite pressure from Washington, largely avoided taking on groups who launch attacks against coalition forces in Afghanistan from Pakistan’s North Waziristan region. Prompting the latest intervention, the Pakistani Taliban have become increasingly bold, striking the army in tribal areas including a recent battle in which an army major died. Earlier this month, nine soldiers were killed in an explosion near the Afghan border. “We will avenge the blood of every last soldier. Talks or no talks, the army will retaliate,” said one military official, who, like most others interviewed for this article, spoke on condition of anonymity due to the sensitivity of the subject.

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The army has ruled Pakistan for more than half of its history. Sharif himself was toppled by the army in 1999 during his previous tenure as prime minister. But, humiliated after a secret 2011 U.S. raid that killed Osama bin Laden on Pakistani soil, the army stood back from politics and supported last year’s first democratic transition of power which brought Sharif back to office. Sharif manoeuvred carefully, hand picking a new army chief and trying to forge a partnership with the military in the early days of his tenure, but the overtures had little lasting impact. TRADE, DIPLOMACY: There are other signs of civil-military discord. Sharif came to power promising to rebuild relations with India, but has been under pressure to toughen his stance from hardliners at home, particularly within the army. The nuclear-armed neighbours have fought three wars since independence from Britain in 1947, two of them over the still-disputed Himalayan territory of Kashmir. Sharif’s policies towards India have been heavily scrutinized; some in the army justify its hefty budget by pointing to - and, critics say, playing up - the potential threat from India. And despite signs the military has become more amenable to overtures from its old foe than in the past, a trade deal pushed by the prime minister and aimed at improving ties with India was cancelled at the last minute after pressure from the army, top government officials said. Sharif now faces a dilemma over whether to accept an invitation by Indian Prime Minister-designate Narendra Modi to attend his inauguration next week.

The army chief would always pick the “institution over the constitution if push comes to shove”...As a society and a state, we have to avoid a context in which the army is pushed to do something it doesn’t want to. SERVING ARMY GENERAL The army is also bitter about the trial of former military ruler Pervez Musharraf, who ousted Sharif from power in 1999 and was arrested after he returned to Pakistan to take part in last year’s election. Ties with Afghanistan have never been easy, but some officials believe the army wants to torpedo the government’s relationship with a future Kabul administration, risking deterioration in regional security as NATO troops prepare to leave this year. Generals have jealously guarded the right to dictate policy on Afghanistan, seeing friendly guerrilla groups as “assets” to blunt the influence of India there. TENSIONS COME TO SURFACE: Though simmering under the surface, ten-

NORTH WAZIRISTAN ASSAULT INTENSIFIES; DEATH TOLL CROSSES 80 SECURITY FORCES ATTACK UZBEK MILITANTS’ STRONGHOLD IN MACHIS CAMP AREA ON MIRAMSHAH OUTSKIRTS PESHAWAR STAFF REPORT

Four suspected militants were killed and scores of others were injured as targeted action in the North Waziristan tribal region intensified on Friday with security forces entering the Machis Camp area on the outskirts of agency headquarters Miramshah which is considered a stronghold of foreign militants, most of them Uzbeks. The four were killed in Machis Camp whereas five suspected militants were also arrested during the targeted action. Moreover, security forces blew up militant bases in the area while artillery and jet fighters struck another insurgent base in Sokhel Wazir. The death toll since action began with air strikes followed by targeted on ground action crossed 80, with over 75 suspected militants and four security personnel among those killed. Locals in and around Mir Ali and Miramshah have started moving to safety from the troubled areas but so far there has been no entry of the affected into Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, not even in the first bordering city of Bannu. There

MIR ALI AND MIRAMSHAH RESIDENTS MIGRATING TO SAFER AREAS

is also no visible camp set up in Bannu or any other towns to accommodate the internally displaced persons in case of mass movement. Local tribesmen say scores of families have shifted to neighbouring Afghanistan for safety in case the fighting between the militants and the security forces intensifies. Additionally, the curfew in North Waziristan’s volatile areas was relaxed from 9:30am to 7pm following which some roads were reopened. The road from Mir Ali towards Bannu was open for traffic but no movement was being permitted from Bannu towards Mir Ali and Miramshah. Traffic, however, was being allowed to ply on the Dattakhel Road which connects areas within the tribal region. Furthermore, the KP government has directed special security measures to ward off the threat in the wake of targeted action against militants in North Waziristan. A high-level security meeting chaired by KP Governor Sardar Mehtab Ahmed Khan reviewed the law and order situation in the province. The meeting was also attended by the KP Chief Minister Pervaiz Khattak, IG KP Police, IG FC and other security officers.

sions between the government and the army spilled into the open last month when a popular journalist was shot by unknown gunmen, and his channel, Geo News, blamed the army’s powerful spy agency, the Directorate of Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI). Public criticism of the shadowy ISI is almost unheard of in Pakistan. In a rare public response, the army demanded that Geo News, the country’s most-watched news channel, be shut down. The government’s media regulator has since resisted the army’s demands to cancel the channel’s license, which the military sees as a direct sign of defiance. “Everyone was looking out to see how the government would treat the army in this crisis — as a friend or foe?” said a senior military official. “But the government allowed this to become a free-forall, army-hunting season.” For Sharif, buckling under military pressure is a major risk. “This is not about one TV channel but about freedom of expression and about living in a democracy,” Rashid said. “We should live and let live.” But despite putting on a brave front, officials say the government is feeling under siege. “Never in the last year has the government felt weaker or more vulnerable,” one of Sharif’s key economic advisers said. “Now every time we have to take a major decision, on India, on Afghanistan, we will have to think ‘How will the army react?’” A serving general said the army chief would always pick the “institution over the constitution if push comes to shove,” adding: “As a society and a state, we have to avoid a context in which the army is pushed to do something it doesn’t want to.”

SHAHBAZ CALLS ON ARMY CHIEF Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif called on Army chief General Raheel Sharif in Rawalpindi on Friday and discussed matters relating to the internal security of the country, a private news channel reported. The meeting comes in the wake of reports of widening rifts between the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz government and the military establishment over a host of issues, including talks with the banned Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan, the government’s stance on the Geo News issue and the trial of former military ruler Gen (r) Pervez Musharraf. MONITORING DESK

MODI’S INAUGURATION: INDIA ‘PATIENTLY’ AWAITS SHARIF’S RESPONSE PAKISTAN’S INFORMATION MINISTRY OFFICIAL SAYS GOVT TO TAKE A DECISION TODAY NEW DELHI INP

India was “patiently” awaiting Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif’s response to the invitation for swearing-in of Narendra Modi as “short duration bilateral meetings” are being set up with all the other SAARC heads of governments and states who have decided to attend the ceremony on May 26. When asked about the delay in Sharif’s response to the invite, Indian External Affairs Ministry spokesperson said, “We are patient people and will wait for the outcome of the process undertaken by Pakistan for decision making.”

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Asked about Modi’s meeting with SAARC leaders, the spokesperson said there will be “short duration bilateral meetings” between Modi and the visiting dignitaries which will be attended by restricted delegations from each side. He also said after the swearing-in on May 26, Modi will host a banquet for the leaders. Asked if opposition leaders of the SAARC countries were also invited, he said that only eight invitations were extended which included leaders of seven SAARC countries and the PM of Mauritius. “It is the privilege and prerogative of the leader of the delegation to choose who will be in his/her delegation,” the spokesperson said, and referred to Sri

Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa’s decision to invite Tamil-dominated Northern Provinces Chief Minister CV Wigneswaran to join his delegation to India. However, Wigneswaran is understood to have rejected Rajapaksa’s call. Asked if the ministry has received the final list of the delegations from the SAARC countries, the spokesperson said it was “work in progress”. He also said it is for the first time that the entire leadership of South Asia has been invited to the swearing-in ceremony of an Indian prime minister. PAKISTAN TO TAKE DECISION TODAY: In Islamabad, an Information Ministry official said the government would take decision today (Saturday) whether Prime Minister Sharif or someone else would represent Pakistan at Modi’s inaugural ceremony.


Saturday, 24 May 2014

NEWS

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OPP PRESENTS ITS PROTECTION OF PAKISTANI CITIZENS ACT REMAND PERIOD UNDER PPCA HAS BEEN REDUCED TO 45 DAYS, WHICH WAS 90 DAYS UNDER PPO

UNDER PPCA, BURDEN OF PROOF WILL BE UPON BOTH FOREIGN COMBATANTS AND MILITANTS ‘ON EXISTENCE OF REASONABLE EVIDENCE’ ISLAMABAD

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FTER the Pakistan Protection Ordinance (PPO) was vehemently opposed by political parties in the Senate, the opposition on Friday presented an amended version of the PPO, the Protection of Pakistani Citizens Act 2014 (PPCA), to the government. By presenting the amended PPO bill, the joint opposition aims to differentiate between foreign and local militants and suspects of terrorism, a unique proposition to the legal lexicon in the fight against militancy.

The controversial PPO had triggered a massive debate amongst all political parties in both houses of parliament. It was also heavily criticised by the human rights organisations and the civil society. “The bill cannot be accepted in its current form,” said Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) Senator Aitzaz Ahsan. “There can be no room for state terrorism in the fight against terrorism,” he said while presenting the PPCA in a press conference. His speech though was cut short as protesters stormed the parliament. The proposed bill suggests amendments in three categories: 1. Foreign Combatants: those foreigners that have taken up arms against

BIOMETRIC IDENTIFICATION MANDATORY FOR SIM ACTIVATION AFTER JULY 31 NADRA TO ASSIST CELLULAR COMPANIES IN VERIFYING AUTHENTICITY OF APPLICANTS FOR NEW SIMS ISLAMABAD

the state of Pakistan 2. Militant: any person that takes up or encourages taking up arms against Pakistan or a foreign state 3. An ordinary citizen of Pakistan that is suspected of militant activity. Under the PPCA the burden of proof will be upon both Foreign Combatants and Militants “on existence of reasonable evidence.” While any person caught wearing a suicide vest, planting a bomb or involved in target killing will also be presumed guilty. Under the proposed law, cell phones that contain call logs and messages pertaining to any offence will also be considered as evidence. The remand period under PPCA has been reduced to 45 day,

which was 90 days under PPO. The suspect will also be produced intermittently and the remand will not be extended beyond a third time. PPP Senator Raza Rabbani said that they have tried to introduce judicial oversight. Where the government bill had given a freedom of shoot-at-sight, the PPCA states that the official has to witness the suspect involved before using excessive power. “If the death occurs, there will be a judicial commission who will investigate the circumstances, head by no less than a session judge” he said. When a search operation is inevitable, the memo of the items recovered will have to be presented before a local magistrate within 24 hours, Rabbani added. The power to appoint Judges for Special Courts, which was the authority of the federal government under the PPO, has been given to the Chief Justice of Pakistan who along with the consultation of the four provincial Chief Justices will

SIKHS PROTEST ATTACKS ON RELIGIOUS SITES, DESECRATION OF HOLY BOOK DOZENS OF SIKH PROTESTERS FORCE THEIR WAY INTO PARLIAMENT GROUNDS AGAINST ALLEGED DESECRATION OF GURU GRANTH SAHIB IN SHIKARPUR

PROTESTERS DEMAND GOVT REGISTER ALL THEIR RELIGIOUS SITES AND PLACES OF WORSHIP, AND INSTALL CCTV CAMERAS FOR SURVEILLANCE AND SECURITY

ISLAMABAD

STAFF REPORT

STAFF REPORT

The government and the five cellular service providing companies active in Pakistan signed an agreement on Friday under which, no new Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) will be issued after July 31, 2014, without verifying the biometric identity of the applicant from the National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA)’s biometric system. The new agreement signed on Friday has resolved a two year row between the government and cellular service providers who had been resisting the move. The NADRA chairman and the CEOs of Ufone, Mobilink, Zong, Warid and Telenor all signed the agreement. Chairman Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) Dr Syed Ismail Shah witnessed the signing ceremony. Before the agreement was signed, NADRA Chairman Imtiaz Tajwar gave a detailed briefing to Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan on the salient features of the accord. Under the agreement, NADRA, which maintains biometric record of citizens, will assist cellular companies to verify authenticity of every new applicant before activating their SIM card. Per the agreement, cellular companies will bear the cost of procuring biometric machines and install them at their respective franchises and retailers. Furthermore, NADRA will charge cellular companies Rs10 for each biometric verification. “Biometric based SIM verification will provide better technological support to law enforcement agencies, thus improving the security situation in the country” interior ministry quoted the minister as saying in its press statement. As per the new system, nobody will be able to buy a new SIM without going through biometric verification process, the statement added. The Minister asked NADRA and the cellular companies to devise a mechanism for clearing a heavy backlog of unverified SIMs in the country. Cellular service providing companies had been resisting use of biometrics for SIM verifications mainly due to cost and other technical issues. They claimed that they get a copy of CNIC issued by NADRA from an applicant and it should serve the purpose. Another contentious issue between the government and the influential cellular companies is re-verification of every existing SIM user. There are around 129.6 million SIM users in the country. Among these SIMs, millions are “unverified” SIMs. Blocking them will affect the revenue of the telecom companies.

Dozens of baton-holding protesters from the Sikh community pushed past the front gate and entered the grounds of parliament on Friday, protesting recent attacks on their houses of worship. Sikhs from Sindh and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province had gathered outside parliament to protest against what they claimed was the alleged desecration in Shikarpur of Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of the Sikh community. Sikhs are a tiny minority in predominantly Muslim Pakistan, with most of them living in the southern Sindh province. Senior police officer Aftab Cheema said the Sikh leaders were also protesting against several attacks on their worship places in Sindh. The protesters demanded that the minority community be given protection to practice their religion. They demanded that the government register all their religious sites and places of worship, similar to mosques, and

install CCTV cameras for surveillance and security. The Sikhs briefly staged a sit-in on parliament’s lawns, police said, before government representatives – which included PMLN lawmakers Syed Zafar Ali Shah and Ramesh Kumar – held negotiations with them. After successful negotiations, the protestors left the grounds of parliament peacefully. According to sources, the Leader of the House in the Senate Raja Zafarul Haq has spoken to Chief Minister Sindh Qaim Ali Shah, asking him to provide better protection to the Sikh community and their places of worship. Police officer Cheema

said investigators would look into how protesters made it past the gate. Acting Speaker National Assembly, Murtaza Javed Abbasi, took serious notice of the failure of Islamabad Police to stop protesters from entering into the precinct of the Parliament House. The acting speaker has sought a report from the Ministry of Interior and Inspector General Police into the incident. Abbassi termed the incident a failure and incompetence of the capital police which, he said, has failed to devise any strategy in this regard. He directed the Interior Ministry to enquire into the incident and take appropriate action against those responsible.

IN GEO CASE, NOTHING BUT TRUTH WILL COME OUT, SAYS JUSTICE KHAWAJA ISLAMABAD ONLINE

Justice Jawwad Khawaja has refused to take any action against those involved in displaying banners against him. During the hearing of Geo petition in the Supreme Court (SC) on Friday, he remarked “The Almighty gives dignity or disgrace to whosoever He wills. I am not deterred by anyone. I do not care if someone displays hostile banners against me for three days or 30 days. I will not take action against those behind displaying banners against me.” He further said, “No one should have an iota of doubt that whatsoever may be the truth will come out in the open,” adding “If someone is doubtful after dispensation of justice then he should get treatment. I will not tell him about the treatment.” Advocate Akram Sheikh and private TV channel anchor Mubasher Lucman were also present in the court along with his counsels. The court remarked that “the learned judge has to leave for Karachi and his flight schedule has come now. We may hear the matter to some extent and the remain-

PEMRA SUMMONS 3 NEWS CHANNELS FOR AIRING OBJECTIONABLE CONTENT iSlAMABAD: Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA) Complaint Council has summoned the administrative authorities of ARY News, Express News and Dunya News for telecasting objectionable content multiple times on their respective channels. A PEMRA spokesman said that the decision to summon the authorities of the channels was taken on the complaints received by the people. In the meantime, PEMRA has declared the re-positioning of private television channel, Geo News, illegal. The spokesperson said that pushing Geo channels to later numbers by cable operators is in violation of PEMRA rules. Therefore, PEMRA has issued a notice to the cable operators and sought their response. It may also be mentioned here that the government has decided to act against three PEMRA members and has issued show cause notices to Israr Abbasi, Mian Shams and Fareeha Ikhtiar. These officials had, without any authority, recently announced the suspension of Geo’s three licenses after a meeting that was declared illegal soon afterwards by the PEMRA spokesman. ONLINE

ing case will be heard on May 26, even if an entire day is spent on it”. Advocate Sheikh told the court that Geo TV transmissions have been blocked in the entire country while the cable operators have no authority to do so as per the Supreme Court (SC)’s decision Sheikh said he was going abroad

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and Taufiq Asif will appear in his place in the court. Asif told the court that he was aggrieved over the display of banners against a SC judge, adding that a reply should be sought from those found responsible for the act. The hearing of the case was adjourned till May 26.

make the appointment. Under the suggested amendments, appeals against the decision of the Special Courts could also be made in the High court, which was previously only restricted to the Supreme Court under PPO. The amended act also aims at denying the government means to apply the law to designated areas only but suggests that it should be applied to the whole country. PPCA also stresses for new legislation after a period of two years of its implementation rather than getting an approval from parliament to extend the time period of the law. The PPCA was been handed over to the government through Federal Minister of Science and Technology Zahid Hamid. The proposed bill has been backed by four political parties, PPP, ANP, Balochistan National Party– Azad and the Pakistan Muslim League–Quaid (PML-Q). The discussion on the inclusion of the proposed amendments to the PPO are expected to begin next week.

TWITTER BLOCKS ‘BLASPHEMOUS’, ‘UNETHICAL’ CONTENT IN PAKISTAN NEW YORK: Twitter.com blocked five links to ‘blasphemous content’ in Pakistan on request of Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA), a first in the history of the online social networking website according to a report by New York Times. In the month of May, Abdul Batin; an official of PTA, had requested the website to block certain user accounts, tweets and searches considered ‘blasphemous’ or ‘unethical’ to prevent Pakistanis from accessing them. According to the NYT report, the official had made a total of five requests, calling to block access to drawings of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), photographs of burning copies of the Holy Quran and messages from a handful of anti-Islam bloggers as well as the entire account of an American porn star who now attends Duke University All five of the requests were honoured by the website using the Country Withheld Content Tool and the mentioned comment can no longer be seen in Pakistan. This was the first time Twitter has agreed to block content in Pakistan, in line with its country-specific policy of censorship unveiled in 2012. The policy stated that the website will post a notice whenever a tweet was censored and the requests of censorship from governments, companies and individuals will be posted online at chillingeffects.org. PTA had blocked Twitter for a day in May 2012 due to a drawing competition. AGENCIES

RASHID LASHES OUT OVER REMOVAL OF KARACHI POLICE CHIEF ISLAMABAD: The federal government on Friday lashed out at the Sindh government for removing chief of Karachi police, Shahid Hayat among other senior officers, terming the act as “irresponsible and lax”. In a statement issued by Federal Information Minister Pervaiz Rashid, the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) government said the provincial government of Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) was wrong in taking the decision by making court order as an excuse for it. The statement came a day after the provincial government, acting on the directives of the Supreme Court removed several police officers who had been serving on own pay scale (OPS) including Additional Inspector General Police (AIGP) Shahid Hayat. “The Sindh government showed irresponsibility and negligence on the issue,” said the statement. The minister said Hayat was a good police officer and his performance over the 11-month service was plausible. Rashid urged Chief Minister Syed Qaim Ali Shah to review the decision. MEMON SLAMS RASHID: Reacting to Rashid’s statement, Sindh Information Minister Sharjeel Memon said the federal information minister should abstain from dictating the Sindh provincial government on postings of government officials. STAFF REPORT


04 NEWS

Saturday, 24 May 2014

INDIAN CONSULATE ATTACKED IN AFGHANISTAN, NO ONE HURT AFGHAN SECURITY FORCES KILL ATTACKERS IN A FIRE FIGHT THAT LASTED SEVERAL HOURS KABUL

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handful of heavily armed insurgents, including suicide bombers, launched a rocket propelled grenade and gun attack on the Indian consulate in Afghanistan’s western city of Herat hours before dawn on Friday, officials said. Indian staff at the mission escaped soon after the shooting

PAKISTAN’S FOREIGN OFFICE SAYS NO CAUSE JUSTIFIES TARGETING OF DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS

began at around 3am. Police said Afghan security forces had killed the attackers, who were holed up in buildings overlooking the consulate, following a fire fight that lasted several hours. “They fired a couple of RPG shots. It was dark and they couldn’t verify where it was coming from,” India’s ambassador to Kabul Amar Sinha told reporters. He said there had been around 10 staff resident at the consulate in Herat, which stands close to the

border with Iran and is Afghanistan’s third largest city. The attack underscored a worrying security picture as Afghanistan prepares to take over from foreign combat troops after more than 12 years of war against a Taliban insurgency and prepares for a presidential election run-off next month. The consulate was guarded by a team of commandos from the Indo-Tibetan Border Police. Afghan security forces form an outer ring, an Indian security official in New

Delhi said. Herat police chief General Samihullah Qatra said four attackers, including suicide bombers, had entered houses close to the consulate before dawn and began shooting into the compound. “There were three suicide bombers armed with AK-47, RPG, hand grenade and suicide vests. Our security forces killed all of them. Only five of our security forces were wounded.” It was not immediately clear who was behind the attack and no one claimed responsibility, though suspicion would inevitably fall on the Taliban and other loosely associated groups. On the other side of the country, in the northeast province of Badakhshan, Taliban fighters were holding 27 police and offi-

gence. US officials and India had also accused Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence of organizing the 2008 attack in Kabul. Pakistan has long complained about the number of Indian consulates in Afghan cities, fearful that friendship between India and Afghanistan could leave it isolated, and NATO prepares to withdraw the competition for influence in Kabul is expected to become fiercer. On this occasion, however, Pakistan’s Foreign Ministry was quick to issue a condemnation of the attack on the Indian consulate. “No cause justifies targeting of diplomatic missions. It is a matter of relief that no one from the Consulate staff was hurt,” the ministry said in a statement issued in Islamabad.

cials hostage, and dozens of people have killed or wounded. Last August, an assault on the Indian consulate in the eastern city of Jalalabad killed at least nine people, and earlier this year a suicide bomber was gunned down near the consulate in the southern city of Kandahar. In 2008, suicide bombers attacked the Indian embassy in the capital, Kabul, killing about 50 people and wounding scores. There was another attack on the embassy in 2009. Security officials in India believe that previous attacks on Indian missions in Afghanistan have been carried out by the Haqqani network, a Taliban and al Qaedalinked group that has also long had ties with Pakistani intelli-

67TH POLIO CASE SURFACES

THAI JUNTA SUMMONS OUSTED LEADERS, IMPOSES TRAVEL BAN BANGKOK AGENCIES

Ousted members of Thailand’s former government turned themselves in to the country’s new military junta Friday, as soldiers forcefully dispersed hundreds of anticoup activists who defied a ban on large-scale gatherings to protest the army’s seizure of power. At least two activists were detained by troops during the protest in downtown Bangkok, which descended into scuffles but ended without injury and marked one of the first open challenges to the military since Thursday’s coup. The junta, though, remained firmly in charge, summoning more than 100 top political figures, the en-

tire ousted government, their associates and a handful of their opponents. It also banned those on its wanted list from leaving the country. Among the officials who showed up at an army compound in Bangkok by midday were former prime minister Yingluck Shinawatra, sacked earlier this month for nepotism by the Constitutional Court, and her temporary replacement Niwattumrong Boonsongpaisan, according to Yingluck’s aide Wim Rungwattanachinda. After about 30 minutes, Yingluck left the facility and was taken to another army location by soldiers, said Wim, who later added that it appeared she would not be immediately released.

ISLAMABAD: Another polio case surfaced on Friday, mounting the total tally of polio-affected children in the country to 67. Polio Eradication Cell sources said that seven-month-old Malala Rasool Zaman was found affected with the virus. This is the 67th polio case detected in the country since Jan 1, 2014. Most of the cases have been detected in areas of FATA, where the children have been deprived of antipolio vaccines due to a ban from militant organisations and security threats. INP SHANGHAI: President Mamnoon Hussain and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping witness the signing of the framework agreement between China and Pakistan on Lahore Orange Line Metro Train Project on Thursday. Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif signed the agreement from Pakistan side.

SHAHBAZ FOR HOLDING LITERACY CONFERENCES LAHORE APP

Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif on Friday said that holding of literacy conferences would help promote literary activities in the country. He said this while addressing the inaugural session of the 5th Interna-

tional Literary conference on the topic of ‘Beetay Huai Din Yaad Aatay Hain’ at Alhamra Hall. He said that saying something in a good manner was an art and such literary conferences play an important role in creating awareness among the youth regarding literature. Shahbaz said that it was an honour for him to attend this conference and he

is representing Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. He said that when Najam Sethi became caretaker chief minister of Punjab, he reshuffled the entire administration before elections and such a person was appointed home minister in the Punjab caretaker cabinet who belonged to the opponent party.

US CONGRESS BILL CALLS FOR AFRIDI’S RELEASE WASHINGTON: The US Congress has adopted an amendment in a bill for next year’s defence expenditures. The bill also contains a demand for the release of Dr Shakil Afridi, who helped the CIA track down former al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden in 2012. Afridi had assisted the US intelligence agency by running a fake vaccination campaign.

JUDGES’ DETENTION CASE: COURT RESENTS MUSHARRAF’S ABSENCE, ORDERS HIM TO PM APPROVES ALLOCATION FOR BHASHA, DASU DAMS, MOTORWAYS APPEAR ON JUNE 13 NAWAZ URGES ISLAMABAD INP

While granting exemption from Friday’s hearing, an anti-terrorism court (ATC) in Islamabad has summoned former president General (r) Pervez Musharraf on June 13 in the judges’ detention case. Judge Atiqur Rehman had summoned Musharraf in Friday’s hearing but the former general’s lawyer furnished an application with the judge, seeking an exemption for his client from court appearance, which was accepted by the judge. The ATC expressed resentment over Musharraf’s absence and ordered him to appear on June 13. During the case proceedings, Judge Atiqur Rehman asked why Musharraf did not

appear before the court despite court orders. Musharraf’s lawyer Safdar Javed told the court that his client was not feeling well and he also had some security concerns, to which the court replied that the police have assured full security to Musharraf. Musharraf’s counsel told the court that according to Balochistan High Court’s decision, the accused can be exempted from appearance once he/she is indicted. Meanwhile, the court barred journalists’ entry in the courtroom and directed security officials not to let any journalist in during the hearing. According to reports, Secretariat Police Station refused to provide security to prosecutor Amir Nadeem Tabish, claiming that they did not have fuel for vehicles.

EFFICIENT USE OF PUBLIC FUNDS, SAYS EACH PENNY IN NATIONAL KITTY IS PUBLIC’S TRUST ISLAMABAD APP

Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on Friday approved allocation for construction of Diamer-Bhasha Dam (4500 MW), Dasu Hydro Power Project (2160 MW), Construction of Faisalabad-Khanewal Motorway and Rawalpindi-Islamabad Metro Bus project. Presiding over a meeting to finalise the Public Sector Development Program (PSDP) allocation for financial year 2014-15 here at the PM House, he said these projects would not only create millions of job oppor-

tunities in the country but also raise the living standards of the people. Prime Minister Sharif said that development projects initiated by the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) government have taken the country on to the road of progress and will usher in an era of prosperity. The premier told the participants that each penny in the national kitty was a public trust and emphasised upon efficient use of public money. The meeting was attended by Finance Minister Ishaq Dar, Planning Minister Ahsan Iqbal, MNA Hamza Shahbaz Sharif, MNA Capt (retd)

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Safdar and senior officials of the concerned ministries. The prime minister was given a detailed briefing on the PSDP projects included in the next financial year budget. He was told that each project, whether small, medium or large had been evaluated with reference to cost, importance, priority and time frame.Sharif directed to expedite work on Lahore-Karachi Motorway. He was told that the work on this project would be started by end of current year. The meeting also discussed and approved the initiatives of feasibility

studies; for construction of new rail link from Islamabad to Muzaffarabad via Murree, construction of new rail link from Havelian to Pakistan-China Border, connect Gawadar with Karachi through rail, approach roads to new Islamabad International Airport, new Gawadar International Airport project, jetty and infrastructure development at Gaddani, Gawadar Port Economic Free Zone project, Pakistan-China Technical and Vocational Institute at Gawadar and Quaid-i-Azam Solar Park at Lal Sohnra Park Phase-II (600 MW).


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Saturday, 24 May, 2014

To go or noT To go? NEWS ANALYSIS

A decade plus has seen no progress on the much-touted Confidence Building Measures (CBMs), some of the problems like Siachen can (and should) be solved in a day. Even Kashmir may not be that intractable. We can never have an agreement in the near future why not expand the “arrangement” that we have developed. If successful, could this be the harbinger for eventual peace in South Asia?

IKRAM SEHGAL

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heRe is a lot of speculation about Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif’s possible visit to New Delhi on Monday (May 26) to attend Narendra Singh Modi’s inauguration as prime minister of India. Any exchange between Pakistan and India assumes symbolic proportions, arousing considerable comment and analysis thereof. even though the invitation went to all SAARC member countries, Modi’s outreach initiative after the heat generated by the BJP against Pakistan during the election campaign cannot be brushed aside. The fulminations of an election campaign and the responsibilities inherent in running a state are quite different, BJP has shown this to good effect in earlier tenures. Detractors suggest that despite the visits of Musharraf, Asif Zardari and Gilani, the Indians have never reciprocated at the State level on one pretext or another. The Indian PM has not visited Pakistan in more than a decade. With Congress not being able to afford riling his coalition partners, or for that matter buck the opposition, the “visit” remained unfulfilled throughout Manmohan’s two tenures. he was himself for good relations with Pakistan but every time he made a positive move e.g. Sharm el-Sheikh, he got roasted by the BJP. They have maintained a constant drumbeat of anti-Pakistan trade on every imaginable forum in the world, the interference in Balochistan through Afghanistan and sporadic violation of the LOC in Kashmir does not show any tendency to be less animositic towards us. Given that that India has been assiduously fomenting anti-Pakistan protest in Bangladesh, Pakistanis have every reason to be aggrieved.

A decade plus has seen no progress on the much-touted Confidence Building Measures (CBMs), some of the problems like Siachen can (and should) be solved in a day. even Kashmir may not be that intractable. We can never have an agreement in the near future why not expand the “arrangement” that we have developed. If successful, could this be the harbinger for eventual peace in South Asia? Trade is something we should seriously consider, commercial enterprise transcends religions, ethnic and nationalistic prejudices and barriers, the caveat is that we cannot run the risk of beggaring our industries and counterprises. If India’s only purpose is to open the land corridor to Afghanistan and Central Asia, we must get tangible geo-political quid pro quos. One immediate concern of consequence is India’s projection of “soft power”. India cannot offer the hand of friendship and profess peace while at the same time using a major Pakistani media group to undercut the basis of both our ideology and nationhood. India’s Research and Analytical Wing (RAW) has a long history of anti-Pakistan actions, they have been trying through the coun-

NUMBER OF DRUG ADDICTS HIGHEST IN KP PESHAWAR APP According to the statistics of the Directorate of Social Welfare department Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, 11% people are using drugs in KP while in Punjab and Sindh they are about 6.5% of the population. Despite decades old efforts by official and non-governmental organizations against drug addiction, number of drug addicts is increasing alarmingly in the provincial metropolis of Peshawar and other parts of the province. An official of Directorate of Social Welfare department Khyber Pakhtunkhwa told APP that their department was working in this regard since 2004. He said that the number of drug addicted people was increasing due to presence of Afghan Refugees, poverty and unemployment. Social Welfare department was working in five districts of KP including Peshawar, Kohat, Swat, Dir Lower and Dera Ismail Khan, adding they have rehabilitated 1250 drug addicts only in Peshawar. He said that they have a detoxification centre in Peshawar with the capacity of only 30 beds and lack others facilities, adding that due to shortage of beds patients are let go after a 45-day or two-month treatment. The official said that the directorate needs assistance of big hospitals and has held several meetings to discuss

possible ways of coordination. Committees including officials of police, anti-narcotics team, social workers, Khyber Teaching Hospital (KTH), Lady Reading Hospital (LRH), Al-khidmat Foundation, Dost Foundation and Caritas foundation have been formed to treat the ever-increasing number of drug addicts, he said. The sale of drugs is carried out in the open and even the children have access to it, he told APP, adding that Karkhana market was the main point in the city where all kinds of drugs are easily available. Aizaz Khan, of Dost Welfare Foundation; a non government organization working on the issue since 1992, when contacted informed that currently they have 500 beds in four treatment and rehabilitation centres, two in Hayatabad while two in Shahi Bala, here at Peshawar. Dost Foundation is committed to provide need- based and right- based services in drug demand reduction, Khan said while adding that patients from across the country are treated here. He informed that that 24,764 drug addicts were provided residential, home-based treatment as well as treatment at rehabilitation centres. About 35,403 community activists provided primary prevention services while 7,210 religious leaders and community elders sensitized and mobilized for drug demand reduction, added Khan.

try’s own media to destroy the guardians of the country. Going by Kautilya’s “Arthashastra” handbook to perfection in its present campaign against the Army and the ISI, RAW is using an individual with aspirations of forming a big media group in India. We have to face reality, greed and avarice of one particular individual is being exploited to the hilt to defame the Armed Forces. In reaction even moderate opinion has been driven into the right wing extremist camp. The state and the Army will survive but there will be a backlash, the resultant loss of the present freedom of the media will be irretrievable. All sorts of conjectures and scenarios notwithstanding, the debate in the Indian electronic media about our PM’s possible visit to India has run wild overtime. One must however commend the Indian media, they are nationalistic first and foremost, over and above party lines. either pro or anti-govt, their tirades are never anti-state. Moreover they never attack the Indian Armed Forces despite the many scandals of corruption, etc. Pervaiz Rasheed thinks that the present controversy can be resolved by a simple apol-

ogy, he should ask the psychiatrist treating him to give his more potent medicine, the present one is not curbing his venom towards the Armed Forces. Why are some in the media becoming party to this calumny? What signal is Nawaz Sharif sending to the khakis persisting with him as the Federal Minister of Information? The Sharifs should listen to wise counsel among their inner circle, do they want another decade out in the cold? What would happen to an Indian Minister of Information if there was even a hint that he (or she) was siding with anti-state forces against the Armed Forces? While there is a lot of sentiment in Pakistan against the PM’s visit to India, we must not let emotions dictate against pragmatism. Not only India is our neighbour, we have historical and cultural ties with them. We do not have the luxury of changing our neighbours and/or ignoring our responsibility towards the hapless 180 million plus Indian Muslims who bear the brunt whenever anti-Pakistan feeling is whipped up by hindu nationalists. India may trot out the one odd Muslim billionaire like Azim Premji and Uncle Toms like MJ Akbar and Fareed

Zakaria, they are certainly not representative of the feelings of the broad mass of Muslims who overwhelmingly remain far below the poverty line. Narendra Singh Modi, the PM-tobe in India, has won the elections fair and square. he was not voted in because of his anti-Pakistan or anti-Muslim stance but because of the fact that as Chief Minister Gujrat he made the state into a successful economic model. The population of India, mostly under the poverty line, overwhelmingly voted for him. Forget the campaign rhetoric, if his hand is screwed on right he will focus on the Clinton adage, “It’s the economy, stupid!”. he cannot afford distractions on India’s borders while he attacks the pervasive poverty affecting the masses within India. On the contrary what better than having neighbours on his borders that he can trade with freely? he wants India to become great, my bet is that he will go the economic route rather than projecting the “hard power” one. That is not to say that BJP does not have a whole host of hawks who prefer that option, however whether he can rein in RAW is a moot point. We must be confident as a nation that our Armed Forces provide a good enough deterrent, the caveat is that they do not need someone like Pervez Rasheed trying to undercut their reputation and effectiveness on a day-to-day basis. Represented by the BJP in power, India has extended a hand of friendship, we must take it. While we cannot forget the past and must exercise great care in the present, only peace in South Asia will bring economic prosperity to the peoples of this region. have all the reservations that you want and take the necessary precautions (keep your powder dry)!) but this is a unique opportunity to put the past behind us and look to the future. Nawaz Sharif must go to New Delhi and attend Narendra Singh Modi’s inauguration as PM of India.

Most US drone strikes in Pakistan target houses LONDON ONLINE

Domestic buildings have been hit by drone strikes more than any other target in the CIA’s 10-year campaign in the tribal regions of northern Pakistan. A new research has revealed that since 2008, in neighbouring Afghanistan drone strikes on buildings have been banned in all but the most urgent situations, as part of measures to protect civilian lives. A new investigative project by the Bureau, Forensic Architec-

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ture, a research unit based at London’s Goldsmiths University, and New Yorkbased Situ Research reveals that in Pakistan, domestic buildings continue to be the most frequent target of drone attacks. Over three-fifths (61percent) of all drone strikes in Pakistan targeted domestic buildings, with at least 132 houses destroyed, in more than 380 strikes. At least 222 civilians are estimated to be among the 1,500 or more people killed in attacks on such buildings. In the past 18 months, reports of civilian casualties in attacks on

any targets have almost completely vanished, but previously almost one civilian was killed, on average, in attacks on houses. The research reveals a continued policy of targeting buildings throughout the CIA’s campaign in Pakistan, despite an instruction in Afghanistan from the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), the body which commands foreign operations in the country, that forces operate under the rule that ‘all compounds are assumed to house civilians unless proven to be clear’.


06 LAHORE

WEATHER UPDATES SATURDAY

360C 220C

SUNDAY

370C 220C

MONDAY

390C 240C

TUESDAY

390C 240C

Saturday, 24 May, 2014

Punjab govt trying to disruPt Faisalabad rally: Ejaz Chaudhry LAHORE: The PTI leaders have once again accused the Punjab government of resorting to foul play with the aim to disrupt their May 25 public meeting in Faisalabad. Addressing a press conference at the party’s provincial secretariat on Friday, Punjab PTI President Ejaz Chaudhry informed the gathering that he received a letter from the special home secretary citing security threats in Faisalabad on May 25. “It seems that the PML-N government is stopping its political rivals from holding public meetings in the name of security. Did he write a similar letter to Nawaz Sharif scheduled to address a public meeting on May 29 in Faisalabad? Cannot Punjab government divert some security men from the Jati Umrah and Raiwind for the security of common people?” he asked. PTI MNA Shafqat Mahmood and Opposition Leader in Punjab Assembly Mahmoodur Rasheed were also present. Chaudhry said that the PTI’s public meeting was an attempt to highlight the alleged election rigging and to highlight the government’s worst performance in last one year. He maintained that Faisalabad too was going through a worst phase of its history. “Every fourth individual is victim of hepatitis. Crime rate has increased manifold. But DPOs and other senior police officers are busy escorting politicians. They are stopping the transporters not to provide transport to local people. They are doing everything to keep the people away from the event. Even they want the petrol pumps and CNG station to remain closed for two days prior to public meeting,” he concluded. STAFF REPORT

HOME DEPT WARNS OF TERROR ATTACK ON PTI RALLY LAHORE: Intelligence agencies have warned of terror threats to Pakistan Tehreek-eInsaf’s (PTI) public gathering in Faisalabad scheduled for May 25. The Punjab Home Department has reportedly informed PTI’s Provincial President Chaudhry Ijaz about the security threats. STAFF REPORT

LAHORE: Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif stands in respect of the National Anthem during the 5th Alhamra International Conference on the theme: 'Beetay Huye Din Yaad Aatay Hein' under the auspices of the Lahore Arts Council at Alhmara on Friday. INP

govt, opposition trade barbs in pa session n n

Opposition leader warns Punjab government to mend its ways PML-N lawmaker says PTI has lost its mind after continuous defeats in by-polls LAHORE INP

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he Punjab Assembly (PA) witnessed ruckus on Friday as the government and opposition members shouted slogans against each other over various issues. The atmosphere was charged and the assembly presented the look of a fish mart. At the start of the assembly session, independent member Ahsan Riaz Fatiana pointed lack of quorum due to which the session was suspended for 30 minutes. After resumption of the session, minister Col (r) Shujaa Khanzada congratulated the treasury and opposition members over metro train project which in-

furiated the opposition members. They stood up on their seats and protested against non provision of development funds by the government. The PTI members Mian Aslam Iqbal, Saadia Sohail, and PPP’s Sardar Shahabuddin kept blowing whistles in the house to record their protest. The acting speaker issued a stern warning that he will be compelled to take strict action if the members continued blowing whistles. The opposition members besieged the dais of Acting Speaker Sardar Sher Ali Gorchani and chanted slogans against the government and the speaker. In response, the government members also rose up in their seats and chanted slogans against the PTI and its leader Imran Khan.

Meanwhile, talking to media outside the Assembly, Punjab Opposition Leader Mehmoodur Rashid said the opposition would continue its protests if the government did not change its attitude. he said they would not even allow Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif to enter the Punjab Assembly if the government did not bring improvement. he said the opposition members in the Punjab Assembly were denied their rights. he said the government was conducting drone attacks on the constituencies of the opposition members by denying them development funds. PML-N lawmaker Abdur Razzaq said the PTI has lost its mind after repeated defeats. he said after defeat in Narowal, the PTI would face the same fate in hafizabad on May 29.

Woman polio Worker, escort assaulted LAHORE: A woman anti-polio worker and her escort were assaulted in Allama Iqbal Town and were also restrained from administering polio-drops to children at a house. The woman volunteer, Yasmeen Shaukat, accompanied by her colleague was assaulted by male head of a household, who also broke all the medicine vales, besides snatching the Yasmeen’s bag. The chief minister has taken notice of the incident and demanded an enquiry report at earliest. ONLINE

Fia seizes pirated books

LAHORE: Government lawmakers protest against Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf MPAs outside the Punjab Assembly on Friday. ONLINE

‘People need food and security, not metro train’ Punjab PPP president says Punjab govt has failed miserably in providing education, health and food to people LAHORE INP Punjab PPP President Manzoor Ahmed Wattoo flayed the Punjab government for what he called discriminatory development strategy. Through a statement on Friday, Wattoo said that the metro train project was the manifestation of the same strategy. He said that the discriminatory policy would not yield results because the people living in

the rest of the regions would resist. Wattoo added that metro bus project costing 74 billion of rupees was completed with the funds allocated for health, education and providing civic amenities to the people right across the province. He added that dialysis patients were given three months' time in government hospitals. Mostly patients die before the expiry of three months. He said that it was the constitutional duty of the government to provide

education, health and food security to the people and the Punjab government had failed in this regard miserably. He blamed that province was under the control of dacoits and surge in heinous crimes like kidnapping for ransom, daylight robberies and rampant incidents of desecration of women have become common than exception and the people were terrified and suffering from acute sense of insecurity. He said that the metro train and other projects would be of no worth

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if people’s life and property were not safe. He demanded that the government should provide resources to the law enforcers instead of wasting huge resources on wrong priorities. He said that the government had resorted to heavy borrowings and it had borrowed more in one year what the PPP did in five years. The government has already crossed the threshold of Fiscal Responsibility and Debt limitation Act that allows 60 percent of the GDP, he pointed out.

LAHORE: The Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) raided a warehouse in the Bilal Gunj area of the city and seized thousands of illegally-published books. Police said that the raid was conducted under Copy Right Ordinance. They said that books worth millions of rupees were seized while a man was also arrested during the raid. ONLINE

no gas For deFaulters LAHORE: The SNGPL authorities have disconnected 82 commercial and industrial gas connections of Sheikhupura, Islamabad, Gujranwala, Peshawar, Multan, Faisalabad, Lahore, Abbotabad, Gujrat, Sahiwal and Sargodha regions owing Rs 39,750,000. On May 23, SNGPL MD Arif Hameed took action against commercial and industrial gas defaulters by disconnecting their gas connections. According to details, gas connection of three consumers of Rawalpindi region, 19 in Sheikhupura, six in Gujranwala, three consumers of Peshawar region, two in Multan, four in Faisalabad, 10 in Lahore, one in Abbotabad, two in Gujrat, one in Sahiwal and one in Sargodha have been disconnected. PRESS RELEASE


LAHORE 07

Saturday, 24 May, 2014

sanaullah says Pti show in Faisalabad will flop LAHORE STAFF REPORT

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uNJAb Law Minister Rana Sanaullah has said that the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI)’s rally in Faisalabad on May 25 will be a complete flop. The minister said the PTI had suffered a massive defeat in the PP-136 Narowal constituency bypolls. Speaking to reporters outside the Punjab Assembly, Sanaullah said that PTI

will face defeat in the by elections at hafizabad on May 29 as well. PML-N’s Shujaat Khan defeated PTI's Khan Manj in the by-polls. "Rigging and election losses have fallen in love with PTI,” Sanaullah said. While commenting on the PTI rallies against rigging, the minister said that PTI Chairman Imran Khan was heading to Faisalabad for a "flop show" after his Islamabad anti-rigging protest failed miserably. "Opposition parties in Punjab Assembly have noth-

HERE COMES RAIN AGAIN LAHORE: Light rain on early Friday morning in Lahore and adjacent areas turned weather pleasant while breaking the intensity of heat. However the remaining parts of the country remained dry and hot. Rain was also reported from other parts of Punjab. Meanwhile, the Met Office has

ing to do than creating ruckus in the house", he said. "The manuscripts of the laws are not read nor any amendments are suggested in it,” he added. Sanaullah added that the session of the house will continue till Wednesday for the completion of its 100 days. "The decision of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif attending the oath taking ceremony of India's premier-elect Narendra Modi will be taken by the professional committee of the Foreign Office," he said.

govt can’t be alloWed to ‘squeeze people’: lHc LAHORE ONLINE

The Lahore high Court (LhC) has extended stay order until May 29 against allotment of government hajj quota of 15,000 persons to private tour operators besides seeking written reply from ministry of religious affairs. Justice Khalid Mehmood of LhC took up for hearing hajj quota allotment to private tour operators’ case on Friday. The court was told by the federation that quota for 15,000 pilgrims was allotted to private tour operators for the very reason that they were allotted less quota in the previous year. Allotting hajj quota to private tour operators was part of an agreement. expressing annoyance, Justice Khalid Mehmood said, “The government is arranging hajj at charges of Rs 272,000 while private tour operators are receiving the charges ranging between Rs 400,000 to Rs 600,000. The government cannot be allowed to squeeze the blood of people. This is correct that the courts don’t interfere in policy matters but court will interfere where policy has been worked out against the public interest.”

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predicted more rain in Lahore during the next 24 hours while in other parts of the country it would remain hot and dry. The worst hit parts of summer heat are areas of Sindh and plain areas of Balochistan where the mercury has reached to 48 degree Celsius. ONLINE


08 COMMENT From martial law to military coup

Saturday, 24 May, 2014

Modi’s rise to power A test for Pakistani leadership

Events in Thailand seem eerily familiar

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HAT the fine difference between a martial law and a military coup is merely a matter of semantics was proved by the new role the army has assigned to itself in Thailand. On Tuesday when the military intervened, it was maintained that it had not staged a coup and had only come “to restore peace and order for people from all sides”. While the army has yet to reveal how long it will take it to finish the task, it should be no secret for those in Pakistan that the army usually comes for a number of years. Thailand’s army has staged at least 11 successful coups since the end of absolute monarchy in 1932. The last was in 2006. Thailand is badly divided on ruralurban lines. The rural population is poor and less educated but enjoys majority. This explains why politicians supported by rural voters have won elections and formed governments. The urban middle and upper classes however remain generally unreconciled with the outcome of elections. They have over the years accused successive elected prime ministers of corruption. The latest round of unrest started last November when anti-government protesters took to streets to try to oust the then-Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra. In December the prime minister dissolved the Lower House of Parliament in a bid to ease the crisis. Earlier this month, the Constitutional Court ousted Yingluck for taking action against a bureaucrat several years back. The removal was described by Yingluck’s supporters as an act of “judiciocracy”. The removal has however done little to resolve the political conflict. Elections had already been announced but the anti-government protesters refused to participate unless constitutional changes desired by them were first enacted. The events in Thailand are likely to give many in Pakistan a sense of déjà vu. Within a year after the elections Imran Khan’s PTI is protesting in the streets. It has raised issues that can only be resolved by Parliament but despite enjoying a strong presence in Parliament it is not willing to resolve the issue at the forum. The Jamaat-e-Islami, with only four MNAs, insists that it will not accept anything other than sharia. Along with Tahirul Qadri’s Pakistan Awami Tehrik, the party wants a strict implementation of Zia-era constitutional provisions that require a legislator to be non-profligate and ameen. The PAT leader continues to threaten with street agitation. When political parties in countries with a history of military coups take recourse to street protests instead of resolving matters in Parliament, they are liable to be accused of preparing grounds for those in uniform. Equally responsible for the weakening of the system are the elected governments which do not give due importance to the Parliament.

Dedicated to the legacy of the late Hameed Nizami

Arif Nizami Editor

Aziz-ud-Din Ahmad Joint Editor Lahore – Ph: 042-36375963-5 Fax: 042-32535230 Karachi – Ph: 021-35381208-9 Fax: 021-35381208 Islamabad – Ph: 051-2204545 Web: www.pakistantoday.com.pk Email: editorial@pakistantoday.com.pk

Mirza aslaM Beg

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HESE are very challenging times for the political leadership of India and Pakistan, to actualise the meaning of change into true democratic ethos, which the people so desperately demand. The catalyst for change has already been identified in India. He is Narendra Modi, the new prime minister, whose assets are: the economic miracle in Gujrat, humble family background and no lust for money. He is a symbol of hope and aspirations of the poor and deprived people of India. Yet there are some drags on him, if he fails to keep his negative tendencies under check. Modi is a known Muslim hater. His hands are soaked with the blood of over 2,000 Muslims of Gujrat, yet his brutality fades into insignificance when compared with the crime of the Congress Party of India, which has killed over hundred thousand men, women and children of Kashmir, with im-

punity. The crime continues unabated even now. It is argued that Modi has established strong relations with Israel which may result into greater threat to Pakistan, but it is nothing when compared with the huge spy-network the Indian Congress government established in Afghanistan in 2005 with the full support of CIA, Mossad and NATO. This spy network played havoc with Pakistan’s security. In comparison Modi would prove to be a much lesser evil than Congress governments of the past. I have the feeling that Modi would feel the remorse on his crime in Gujrat and may revert to God, as Ashoka did after the brutal killings of battle at Kalinga, BC 262, to repent and to seek forgiveness. Thus, Modi would be honouring “Ashoka’s tri-murti”, the emblem of India, by following the honour code of Ashoka the Great, consolidating the Indian diversity into one cohesive mass as the solid base of peace and stability for the entire region. Modi believes in Hindutva, which is a mix of Hinduism and compulsive nationalism. He draws his strength from militant organisations, like Rashtria Sevak Sungh (RSS), an organisation rabidly opposed to secular democratic ethos. Modi has to restrain his neo-fascist proclivities, and not to let his jingoism dictate his policies. He is expected to overcome his weaknesses and reveal in time whether cult and behaviour match, or otherwise. Kashmir is the core issue that needs to be settled for peace and stability in the region. Whereas Modi is not ready to compromise on Kashmir or concede ‘even an inch of Indian territory’, it is Kashmir which will de-

Editor’s mail

cide Modi’s future because the key to regional peace lies with him. He must remember that for the last three decades Afghanistan has served as the strategic base of resistance for the freedom movements in Iraq, Palestine, Lebanon, Somalia, Yemen, Libya, Syria and Kashmir. After the withdrawal of occupation forces from Afghanistan by the end of this year, the jihadis would turn towards Kashmir, as they did in 1990 after the Soviet withdrawal, raising the threshold of confrontation between India and Pakistan to a dangerous level. Before that happens, the two countries have to find an amicable and peaceful solution of the Kashmir issue. There is no other alternative. The 2013 elections in Pakistan have thrown up a new party, under Imran Khan’s leadership, as the third largest which has formed its government in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, while winning some good number of seats in Punjab and Sindh. The two national parties, namely Muslim League-Nawaz and Pakistan Peoples Party have withdrawn to their bases in Punjab and Sindh. Thus Imran Khan has given a lead to Modi, rejecting the patrimonial dictatorship with a promise to eradicate corruption, poverty, injustice and social discriminations. However, unlike Modi, Imran lacks achieving economic miracle in the province he rules and so far has not presented a clear agenda for the future to fulfil the given mandate. In fact he is looking for shortcuts to power, which may turn out to be politically harmful for him. Sharif brothers are trying to turn

over the economy and bring prosperity, from top downwards. It may be possible in the long term but the short term demands of the suffering masses do not seem to be in harmony with the long term goals of the rulers. Corruption, poverty, social disparities and security, which are the damning problems of the broad masses, are not being addressed on priority. The stark reality that catches the eye and affects our minds and hearts is the big difference in the outlook in life which exists between Modi and our leaders, who are richly rich, trying to get richer, while Modi with a humble social background, lives a simple life in harmony with the suffering masses, whose lives he promises to lift. In fact Modi has embraced our Islamic traditions of austere living whereas our rulers are basking under the sunshine of the exploitive capitalism. However, the political leadership on both sides of the divide is facing difficult challenges, which could be overcome with a clear standing of the word ‘change’ sweeping through South Asia. Our leaders have to look to the future because it is not possible ‘to build a sound and promising future, over the gaping graves of grievous past’. And the first step in that direction therefore would be for Nawaz Sharif to accept the invitation to the swearing-in ceremony of Modi, as the prime minister of India, who is destined to govern as an enlightened leader and a champion of India’s great diversity. Mirza Aslam Beg is former COAS, Pakistan Army. He can be reached at: friendsfoundation@live.co.uk.

Send your letters to: Letters to Editor, Pakistan Today, 4-Shaarey Fatima Jinnah, Lahore, Pakistan. Fax: +92-42-32535230 E-mail: letters@pakistantoday.com.pk Letters should be addressed to Pakistan Today exclusively

Say no to plastic scrap We have all the knowledge in our black box but when it comes to ‘cheap rates’ we stop bothering to accelerate that relevant knowledge for the wellbeing. The source of this scrapped plastic is not only across our country’s boundaries, but it is something happening within country as well. When all the used plastic material, blood bags, savage pipes, egg containers start transforming into the melted form it gives out extremely hazardous gases including styrene gas, dioxin etc which are easily absorbed in the environment and then we take it inside our body through respiration affecting our lungs and skin. Research shows that due to recycling of plastic, there is an aggravate risk of heart diseases, respiratory ailments, and damages in nervous system etc. Transformed plastic then becomes a major ingredient of making different PVC products that target all the age groups with products like babies’ feeders, chewing gummer tools, water bottles, cosmetics, straws, utensils, laboratory equipment through which we swallow all those harmful materials and promote those deadly effects in us. This is an easily stoppable issue by the authorities but no one is paying any attention to this. I request all the high authorities to put an eye on this hot potato problem and take some steps for banning this hazardous material’s import as well as production and on the small scale every individual must avoid plastic usage and its recycling in order to keep away oneself from its effects. Undoubtedly prevention is better than cure! HADIQA AMIN Karachi

Return us Pakistan of ’60s Anyone remembers the Pakistan of ’60s and ’70s; any comparison with the lives we are living in the present day Pakistan? Blowing up of girls schools, targeting of polio workers, killing of religious and sectarian opponents, mobs wandering in streets ready to lynch anyone on blasphemy charges, even advocating or acquitting a blasphemy victim warrants death sentence, forcibly converting religion of females belonging to minority groups, places of worship and devotion — be these

mosques, shrines, mandirs, churches are a favourite target, even health centres, school assemblies, funeral processions are no exception — these are all a hallmark of today’s Pakistan. Sadly all this is happening in the name of religion; obviously by doing so these extremists are not spreading religion but forcing people to run for their lives. Why the Pakistan of ’60s and ’70s was not a fearful place — only because religious extremists and their supportive clergy were not that powerful to challenge the writ of the state, only because seminaries were not a closed place for outside world. A peaceful and progressive country was completely turnaround in ’80s when state went ahead to nurture religious extremists to achieve short-term goals. But as said if you dig a hole for others, you are sure to fall in it yourself — now there is no way to put this genie back in the bottle. After fighting so-called jihads in the neighbouring countries, these fanatics have turned their guns on their very creators. But main victim is the general public, being killed and maimed on daily basis in the cross fire between a confused state and extremists. Looking for help to counter these gun totting gangs killing in the name of religion — yes, talk to Council of Islamic Ideology (CII) to show the righteous path to fanatics. Oh, sorry, CII is busy deliberating on girls’ marriage age, first wife’s consent on second marriage — please come back after a decade, that is if you are alive by that time. Please return us the liberal and progressive Pakistan of ’60s and ’70s. MASOOD KHAN Jubail, Saudi Arabia

Hidden threats in milk Pakistan stands at fourth position in milk producing countries. According to Pakistan Dairy Association, Pakistan has 5 million milk producing animals which produce 46,000 litre milk per annum and contribute 11.7% to total GDP. Milk contain 8.7% water, 4.9% carbohydrate in the form of lactose, 3.4% Fat, 3.3% Protein and different Vitamins like vitamin A, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12, C, D, E, K and folate which contributes as cofactor in metabolism, antioxidant and oxygen transportation. Milk also contains important minerals including calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, sodium and zinc. Milk provides 3% energy in Asia and Africa as compared to 8-9 % in Europe and 6 to 7% dietary protein in the former

CMYK

regions as compared to 19% in Europe. Apart from these benefits of milk, there are some corners where milk can play crucial role in damaging human health in different ways. The hazardous effects of milk are mainly due to presence of antibiotic residues in milk. Antibiotics are most commonly used for therapeutic purpose in dairy cows in case of mastitis. These antibiotics are released in milk of treated animals and consumption of milk from these animals is undesirable for a number of reasons. Antibiotic residues in milk can cause allergenic or toxicological effects on consumers, selective pressure for antibiotic resistant strains, and eventually technological problems in the production of fermented foods. A study conducted in Pakistan during 2006 revealed that the beta lactam group of antibiotics is responsible for more than 50% of all milk antibiotic contamination. Beta-lactam antibiotics have been implicated in a wide variety of hypersensitivity reactions such as in Multisystem (Anaphylaxis, Serum sicknesslike reaction, Drug fever, Vasculitis and Generalised lymphadenopathy), Skin (Maculopapular/morbilliform eruption, Urticaria/angioedema, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, Toxic epidermal necrolysis, Contact dermatitis and fixed drug eruption), Bone Marrow (Hemolytic anemia, Thrombocytopenia, Neutropenia, Aplastic anemia and Eosinophilia), Lung (Pulmonary infiltrates with eosinophilia), Kidney (Interstitial nephritis and Nephrotic syndrome), Liver (Hepatitis) and in Heart Myocarditis. A study conducted in France showed that out of 1431 children, 227 (15.9%) were diagnosed allergic to beta-lactams. Pasteurisation treatment (72°C/15sec) does not degrade beta-lactam antibiotics more than 1 percent. So the best way to avoid using antibiotics contaminated milk is to stop entry of antibiotic residues in milk supply chain. The only way to do so is to follow the withdrawal period of antibiotics used. Before withdrawal period, milk from treated animals must not be consumed. Strict observation and monitoring of antibiotic residues can be helpful in restricting the entry of these residues into the milk supply system. It requires farmer’s awareness about the harmful effects of antibiotic residues and the creation of easy and cheap safe-level tests. Thus, a worldwide policy including education, monitoring, cheap and accurate tests and regulations must be designed to guarantee the supply of safe milk to the people worldwide. SANA MOIN UVAS, Lahore


WORLD VIEW 09

Saturday, 24 May, 2014

Pakistan’s choice P Arms Control Wonk MICHAEL KREPON

akistan has been failing for a long time. there have been periods of economic growth, backed up by foreign patrons – mostly the United states and increasingly China — but for the most part, Pakistan’s economy and internal security continue to slide. successive military and civilian leaders have sidestepped inherited problems or made them worse. Predictions of failure, however, have been wrong, or at least premature. the Pakistani state has demonstrated great resiliency. there have been many opportunities for course corrections that haven’t been taken. another lies ahead. Here is a short sampler of predictions and characterizations of state failure in Pakistan: “an impossible dream that failed.” — James Michener, “a Lament for Pakistan,” new York times, (1972). Pakistan “resolutely fails to fail.” — John keay, Midnight’s Descendants (2014). “Pakistan is not coming apart at the seams. it is not a failing state. in playing out our acquired habits of thought and action, we are succeeding only too well. no, this is not a failing state, just an irrational state, one that just refuses to abide by the laws of normality.” Columnist ayaz amir in the news, December 21, 2012. “Each time Pakistan has been declared ‘failed state’ it has come back from the grave – albeit with a weakened economy, a more fragmented political order, less security in relation to its powerful neighbor, and disturbing demographic and educational trends.” — stephen Philip Cohen, the idea of Pakistan, 2005. “Barring a cataclysmic event or a conjunction of major crises such as a military defeat, a serious economic crisis, and extended political turmoil, the failure of Pakistan as a state can be ruled out. However, failure can still take place slowly or in parts. Pakistan may be unable to maintain minimal standards of ‘stateness.’” – Cohen, the idea of Pakistan, 2005. “Pakistan is more fragmented than ever before, and the economy is unable to develop enough resources internally to sustain the state system. if these trends continue, Pakistan may lose efficacy and become a nonperforming state in most sectors of society.” Hasan askari Rizvi in Cohen, the Future of Pakistan (2011). “in a climate of continuing domestic turmoil, the central government’s control probably will be reduced to the Punjabi heartland and the economic hub of karachi.” – national intelligence Council, Global trends 2015 (2000). Pakistan is likely to “muddle through or slightly worse. absent a major unexpected shock, it is not destined to become a ‘failed state.’” – Jonathan Paris, Prospects for Pakistan (2010). the dynamics of decline have accelerated since President and army Chief Pervez Musharraf stepped aside. Prime Minister asif ali Zardari was elected in 2008 with room to maneuver on domestic issues, but he succeeded mostly by staying in office. nawaz sharif became Prime Minister for the third time in 2013. He was also elected by a healthy margin, but has started out badly. Civil-military relations are once again frayed. internal security threats grow as Musharraf is on trial for treason, even as nawaz’s government seeks to accommodate violent groups with treasonable agendas. Plus ça change, plus c’est la même chose. the army and intelligence services still do not appear to be on the same page with the government in seeking more normal ties with india. Every firing incident along the Line of Control dividing kashmir reminds nawaz that he must reckon with his military when trying to improve ties with india. Pakistan’s diplomatic corps is not known for risk-taking. Distinguished veterans of diplomatic skirmishes with india

offer cautionary notes in the press about allowing trade to proceed if other contentious issues languish. india and Pakistan have agreed to a “composite dialogue” where they discuss trade, strategic, water and humanitarian issues. Many agreements have been drafted but have been gathering dust, including nuclear risk-reduction agreements and military confidencebuilding measures that could demonstrate responsible nuclear stewardship. none have been concluded since the brazen 2008 siege of Mumbai luxury hotels, a train station, and a Jewish center by militants who took direction from their Pakistani handlers. the most important agreements, by far, would permit a significant increase in trade across the Punjab and kashmir, along with seaborne commerce between karachi and Mumbai. trade is the lifeline Pakistan needs for economic growth to outpace population growth. For Pakistan to demand progress on multiple fronts before trade deals can be settled would constitute yet another self-inflicted wound. the time has long since passed when Pakistan has been able to force terms of engagement with india. the campaign by Pakistan’s intelligence services to destabilize the indian-held kashmir was supposed to provide such leverage while pinning down and punishing indian troops. in reality, india took the punishment while Pakistan lost international standing and suffered blow-back. Pakistan’s standing diminished further after the 2001 attack on the indian Parliament and the 2008 attacks on Mumbai. Pakistan effectively lost these engagements without new Delhi having to fire a shot in retaliation. a powerful, new indian government may be ready to propose significant new trade initiatives with Pakistan which may, in turn, prompt spoilers to carry out mass-casualty attacks against more iconic indian targets. a decision by new Delhi to shelve a major trade initiative in the event of another big explosion that can be traced back to Pakistan would impose a heavy mortgage on Pakistan’s future. the new indian government might think that this severe punishment is insufficient. Political parties that are in the wilderness for eight or ten years tend to overreach once they regain power. We do not yet know the ways that narendra Modi’s government will overreach. He might choose to focus hard on economic growth while being dismissive of Pakistan. Or he might not pull his punches after another embarrassing attack. the arrival of a highly motivated indian government offers a new chance to improve bilateral relations and avoid another nuclear-tinged crisis on the subcontinent. While the pivot for doing so would be trade, practical results can be accomplished on nuclear risk reduction, easing cross-border travel restrictions, helping Pakistan with its power shortages, and in many other ways – if Pakistan works hard to prevent another spectacular act of terrorism. if Pakistani authorities work hard and fail, they might be granted a free pass. if they stay the course, Pakistan’s decline will accelerate. as india breaks free from familybased leadership and stale, backwardlooking policies, Pakistan has yet to demonstrate that it can dispense with bad military habits, diplomatic clichés, and an absentee ownership-oriented political class. in my view, Pakistan is not a failed state. But it is a failing state – a state whose leaders consistently fail to meet public desires for competent governance. Many other countries fit this mold, but Pakistan is an especially hard case. Pakistan survives by the forbearance or resignation of its citizens, while muddling through predictions of failure. Changing this narrative would require civilian and military leaders that are on the same page to improve internal security, relations with india, and prospects for economic growth.

INDIAN FOREIGN POLICY UNDER MODI

DiplomAt SudHA RAMACHANdRAN

the likely defeat of the Congress Party in india’s 16th general election has prompted considerable debate about the impact a change of guard in Delhi will have on foreign policy. What would india’s foreign policy look like in the event of the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) government coming to power, either on its own or with the support of allies? Many in india and abroad believe that india’s foreign policy is poised for a “sea change” under a BJP government, especially one headed by the strident narendra Modi. according to sreeram Chaulia, professor and dean at the Jindal school of international affairs in sonipat, india, foreign policy under Modi-led government will see greater emphasis on commercial diplomacy, “more assertive actions in response to [Pakistan backed] cross-border terrorism,” greater attention to long-term policy planning with a view to formulating grand strategy for scenarios in 2020 and beyond, “a bigger role for the military in shaping india’s national security and formulating doctrines,” and a greater say for the states in the government’s formulation and execution of foreign policy. not much is known of Modi’s foreign policy thinking. Even the BJP’s election manifesto, which is said to carry his “definite imprint,” sheds little light; just over a page of the 52-page document is devoted to foreign policy. a controversial and polarizing figure, Modi has often poured scorn on the Congress-led United Progressive alliance (UPa) government’s “soft” response to terrorist attacks emanating from Pakistan and to Chinese incursions into indian territory. this has contributed to a widely held perception that he will be tough in his response to Pakistan-backed terrorism and would not baulk at the use of force. Modi is also expected to take a tougher stand in dealing with india’s territorial disputes with Pakistan and China. What “tough” might mean in practice is unclear at this point, and how far Modi will go is hotly debated. some have even argued that he may reserve the right to use tactical nuclear weapons against Pakistan in response to a major terrorist attack. Most, of course, don’t go that far. according to Chaulia, in dealing with terrorism emanating from Pakistan, Modi could go for “clinical counter-strikes” and covert operations, including targeted assassinations of key figures in the Pakistanbased, anti-india terrorist network. But he “will try to avoid war with Pakistan at all costs because of the obvious danger of nuclear exchange,” he says. While agreeing that Modi will appear tough with Pakistan, t P sreenivasan, a former diplomat who spent 37 years with the indian Foreign service, argues that “this toughness will not go beyond a point” as he will realize soon that with “war not an option anymore, a tough approach will go only so far.” in fact, foreign policy under Modi, sreenivasn says, “will not change in any significant way.” it would be “continuity

rather than change, because former diplomats would be advising Modi, foreign policy not being his forte.” Changes if any will be in nuance and not fundamental in nature. indeed, a striking feature of india’s foreign policy is its continuity. Certainly there have been shifts, but as Manjari Chatterjee Miller points out in a recent article in Foreign affairs, “the broad shape of indian foreign policy has remained the same for nearly five decades.” Even when shifts do occur, they are not “sudden,” “have rarely, if ever, been political,” and “have had little to do with the prime minister’s political ideology.” it is in emphasis and style rather than substance that the Modi government’s foreign policy will differ from that of the UPa. Modi will be less patient with Pakistan and can be expected to base his relations with all of india’s neighbors (and not just Pakistan and China) on reciprocity. But like another BJP prime minister, atal Bihari Vajpayee (1998-2004), Modi would try to reach a final settlement with Pakistan on kashmir, Chaulia says. in fact, Modi is reported to have already reached out to Pakistan by sending his emissaries to confer with its leadership. Vajpayee was assertive in his conduct of foreign policy. Within three months of coming to power, his government conducted a string of nuclear tests, declared india to be a nuclear weapon state, and abandoned the decades-old policy of nuclear ambiguity. His government’s relations with Pakistan were often tense; the two countries fought a near-war at kargil in 1999 and tensions soared repeatedly over major terrorist attacks in india. Following a terrorist attack on india’s parliament in 2001, the Vajpayee government ordered a massive, year-long mobilization of the security forces along the india-Pakistan border to push Pakistan to dismantle the anti-india terrorist network on its soil. this toughness notwithstanding, Vajpayee also set in motion a peace process with Pakistan, engaged in dialogue with it at the highest level, reached a ceasefire agreement that remains in force and initiated a direct bus service between the two countries. so will Modi mix toughness with talks in dealing with Pakistan as did Vajpayee? Modi’s critics point out that unlike Vajpayee he is not liberal in his outlook and has not demonstrated the vision that would be required to pursue a lasting peace. What could force Modi to moderate his positions, however, is the priority he is expected to give economic development at home. that will require regional stability if it is to succeed and could force Modi to tone down his confrontationist approach and reach out to india’s neighbors. sreenivasan says that Modi’s emphasis on economic matters will require him to adopt a “soft policy towards the rich countries.” in this, the U.s. will be of “primary interest” to the Modi government, he says. indeed, shared economic interests will see Modi and the U.s. put aside past differences – since 2005, the U.s. has denied Modi a visa over his complicity in the Gujarat riots of 2002 – and do business with each other. However, it is with asian powers such as Japan, China and singapore that Modi’s

economic diplomacy will be the most energetic. Having established strong economic ties with these countries as chief minister of Gujarat, he is likely to build on this foundation. in this Japan will hold special appeal to Modi. not only is it a rich non-Western country in asia, and thus more acceptable to the BJP’s thinking, but Japanese Prime Minister shinzo abe’s own nationalistic and militaristic policies will strike a chord with Modi. Modi’s efforts to attract foreign investment to Gujarat are revealing of his likely economic diplomacy as prime minister. as chief minister he built a strong relationship with China, visited it at least four times and successfully attracted Chinese investment into Gujarat. neither his nationalist outlook nor national security concerns stood in the way of his wooing of Beijing. as prime minister, he can be expected to court China for investment, setting aside the “expansionist attitude” with which he has labelled Beijing. Modi is expected to allow state governments a greater say in the formulation and execution of foreign policy. He has said that states that have special links with other countries, whether due to shared borders, historical links, or cultural commonalities should be consulted in framing policies and crafting strategies with that country. He has spoken of india’s 30 states as partners in his government’s execution of foreign policy and of wanting to entrust them with “the task of forging beneficial foreign relations with at least 30 corresponding partner countries.” However, it is doubtful that Modi would treat non-BJP state governments, especially those of the Congress, as partners in his foreign policy execution. He may cede to demands from non-BJP regional parties in power in the states that are his allies in government. For instance, should the all-india anna Dravida Munetra kazhagam, the party in power in tamil nadu, join his government, Modi could be expected to allow its views to prevail in the crafting of india’s policy to sri Lanka. But much will depend on how dependent he is on the aiaDMk. Overall, Modi is likely to be comfortable with federalizing foreign policy only with regard to the states courting foreign investment. On other matters it will be his government that calls the shots. Of course, all this assumes that Modi will be able to form a government, on its own or with allies. should that assumption prove false, then india may well end up with a coalition of regional and national parties. such a coalition is very likely to be unstable, with little in common among its constituents. Preoccupied with survival and pulling in different directions, expect indian foreign policy to be somewhat chaotic, lacking the robustness or purpose that could be expected of a strong BJP government. Dr Sudha Ramachandran is an independent journalist/researcher based in Bangalore, India. She writes on South Asian political and security issues and can be contacted at sudha.ramachandran@live.in.


10 BUSINESS CORPORATE CORNER

Saturday, 24 May, 2014

CoUnTrY’s ForeIGn reserVes sATIsFACTorY: DAr ISLAMAABAD

ISLAMABAD: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif awarding 3G license to Rashid Khan, President and CEO Mobilink. PR

LAHORE: Changhong Ruba CEO Frank Teng and Director Manzoor Khan sign an agreement for manufacturing of state-of-the-art refrigerator in Pakistan. Punjab Education Minister Rana Mashood and others witness the occasion. STAFF PHOTO

Genesys, C square Consulting collaborate with Bahria Town to deploy Pakistan’s first social media contact centre

F

ONlINe

ederal Minister for Finance Senator Ishaq Dar has said that foreign exchange reserves are at satisfactory level and it is expected to take up to US $ 15 billion before the target of September 30th. He stated this while chairing a meeting with the representatives of Overseas Chambers of Commerce and Industry, Pakistan Business Council, American Business Council and Pakistan German Business Council, at the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) Head office here Friday. Chairman FBR Tariq Bajwa briefed the finance minister in detail about the discussion he and other members of FBR had with the business representatives. He informed the finance minister that the proposals presented by them will be considered in the budget. The trade representatives said that they

would welcome documentation of the economy and the measures to encourage local manufacturing. They urged the finance minister to incentivize taxpayers and appropriate measures should be taken on the refunds issue which is increasing the cost of their businesses. The finance minister said that we inherited the economy in shambles and no international multilateral institution was willing to deal with Pakistan. He said that we have been extremely tight on our expenditure and in the last budget we imposed rupees 135 billion expenditure cut. He added that in a short span of time our economic indicators have improved to a level where now we are able to be back in business with World Bank, Asian Development Bank and other financial institutions.He assured the business community that their recommendations will be considered seriously and if possible we will include them in the next financial budget.

Textile sector stakeholders demand exemption from sales tax ISLAMABAD: The ministry of textile held a consultative meeting to take suggestions from the industry on forthcoming Textiles Policy 2014-19. The meeting was chaired by Minister for Textile Industry Abbas Khan Afridi and it was attended by chairman standing committee on textile industry, secretary, ministry of textile industry, chairmen of All Pakistan Textile Mills Association, Pakistan Ready Made Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association, Filament Yarn Manufacturers Association, Pakistan Hosiery Manufacturers Association and

the Denim Manufacturers Association to name a few. Options to add value to the different sub-sectors of the textile supply chain and to contemplate on schemes to maximize and utilize new technology and machinery in the industry, introduce more product lines and work on market diversification and stress sustainable development were discussed. The stakeholders also discussed various issues relating to energy, product diversification, encouraging investment, trainings and improved factory floor management. INP

Iran waiting for Pakistan's IP pipeline proposal: official TEHRAN ONlINe

Iran is currently waiting for Pakistan to put forward its proposal for the completion of the multi-billion-dollar pipeline projected to carry natural gas from Iran to its Eastern neighbour, a senior energy official said. "Pakistani Federal Minister of Petroleum and Natural Resources Shahid Khaqan Abbasi is expected to send a letter to his Iranian counterpart Bijan Namdar Zanganeh in this regard," Iranian Deputy Oil Minister for Trade and International Affairs Ali Majedi told reporters on Friday. He reiterated that Tehran and Islamabad were resolutely engaged in political efforts for the implementation of the pipeline project. Under an agreement between Tehran and Islamabad, Pakistan was to receive 750 million cubic feet of gas per day (mcfd) from January 1, 2015. Later, the gas supply from Iran was to be increased to 1 billion cubic feet gas per day (bcfd). Now the import of gas under the IP project seems a non-starter. If Pakistan fails to meet its obligation, then after the deadline, it will have to pay to Iran the huge penalty of almost $200 million a month. Iran has already built 900 kilometers of the pipeline on its own soil and is waiting for the 781-kilometer Pakistani side of the pipeline to be constructed. The IP pipeline is designed to help Pakistan overcome its growing energy needs at a time when the country of over 180 million people is grappling with serious energy shortages but certain countries, specially the US, pressure Islamabad to abandon the project.

Ufone takes the lead by Port Grand gets “Brand commercially launching 3G service of the Year’ Award in Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad 2013-2014 ISLAMABAD: Genesys (www.genesys.com), a leading provider of customer experience and contact center solutions, today announced that Bahria Town has become the first company in Pakistan to adapt Genesys Social Media Engagement Tools. The new collaboration, done through C Square Consulting, a Genesys Bronze Partner, has resulted in the deployment of Genesys Contact Center Solution which enables Bahria to service customers through Voice, Web Chat, Email, SMS, and Social Media. “With the deployment of Genesys solutions, Bahria Town will now be able to easily identify customer sentiments and engage with them when necessary using the right platform,” said Mohamed Afifi, Managing Director of the Middle East, Genesys. “Being the largest real estate development company in Pakistan, Bahria Town has many of its investors residing abroad who prefer to communicate via social media forums, web-chat and emails. We are confident that our solutions are capable to ensure the level of experience which both the company and its stakeholders aim to achieve.” In its drive to facilitate its customers’ experience even further, Bahria Town has also taken the initiative to deploy “Avantage” a fully automated Complaint Management Solution powered by C Square Consulting, that allows customers to log complaints and ensure smooth tracking until the resolution of an issue. The objective is to clearly enhance customer experience by engaging customers on multiple channels and provide consistent service across the entire organization. “Previously, we were only handling voice calls.Over the years, however, the number of phone callshas increased, along with alternate channel interactions, said Malik Riaz Hussain, Chairman of Bahria Town.“With this new reality, we were unable to obtain a single view of interactions across all channels, hence arose the need to deploy a multi-channel customer engagement solution from Genesys.” PReSS ReleASe

LAHORE: Samsung Managing Director John Park inaugurates Samsung Smart Zone Customer Service Centre on Lawrence Road. STAFF PHOTO

KARACHI: The Brand of the Year Award 2013-2014 was conferred to Port Grand. The awards running in its seventh year were announced and presented at an impressive and hugely attended ceremony presided by Governor of Punjab Chaudhry Muhammad Sarwar, held at Karachi Marriott hotel. "Brands of the Year Award" is a distinctive and prestigious acknowledgement of champions in the industry category based on current year market standing and consumer preference. It honors brands that predominantly in different categories led through all the levels of selection criteria. Port Grand has the distinction of being, over a short span of time the hub for food, fun and entertainment for people from all walks of life. Port Grand continues to engage itself with local and international counterparts to explore new initiatives in developing cohesive collaboration for expansion to bring happiness in the country. PReSS ReleASe KARACHI: Ufone, an Etisalat Group of Company, has taken the lead in the telecom sector by commercially launching its 3G services in Pakistan, starting off first in Lahore, Islamabad, Rawalpindi, and Karachi promising users a hands-on experience of third generation mobile telephony and its wonders. The company with a track record of innovation and leading-edge technology expertise is poised to lead the advent of 3G in Pakistan. Starting from 24thMay, 2014, 3G will be charged, as per the tariff in, Lahore, Islamabad, Rawalpindi and Karachi where people have been enjoying free trials since the company acquired the service license. Introduction of this technology by Ufone is a prime example of both leading-edge innovation and quality of service, under which Ufone customers will be able to benefit from the seamless and uninterrupted connectivity being offered. PReSS ReleASe

Visa announces Pakistan winner of 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil Promotion KARACHI: Visa, one of the world’s largest retail electronic payments networks, has announced the winner of its 2014 FIFA World Cup promotion. One lucky winner Mirza Hammad Muhammad Baig, account holder at JS Bank Limited from Pakistan will experience 2014 FIFA World Cup BrazilTM through an all-expenses paid trip that covers airline tickets to Brazil, meet and greet arrangements, transportation, hotel accommodation, tickets to the final match, hosted at the Estádio do Maracanã in Rio de Janeiro on July 13, 2014, along with prepaid Visa cards covering their spending money for the trip. Visa ran this promotion between January 1, 2014 and February 28, 2014 as part of its sponsorship of the 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil to ensure its valued cardholders could be a part of one of the most eagerly awaited sporting events in the world. As part of the campaign, Visa cardholders entered a raffle draw each time they made a purchase using their credit, prepaid, or debit Visa card at home or abroad. PReSS ReleASe

Warid Telecom celebrates nine years of service excellence in Pakistan LAHORE: Warid Telecom, leading innovator in Pakistan's telecom industry, celebrates its 9th anniversary today. In all these years, company has shown solid results while it has constantly focused on its customer oriented services and innovative approach. Expressing gratitude towards Warid customers and employees, Muneer Farooqui, CEO Warid Telecom, said “We are standing on solid ground in the 9th year, while establishing a strong foundation for future development. The biggest achievement which makes “Warid” what it is today is its dedicated employees and loyal customers. Our service philosophy makes a solid difference in our level of services; it is at the heart of our success. PReSS ReleASe

KARACHI: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif hands over the 3G license to Aslam Hayat, Chief Corporate Affairs Officer Telenor Pakistan in the presence of Ishaq Dar, Finance Minister; Anusha Rehman, Minister for IT and Dr Ismail Shah, Chairman PTA during the licenses award ceremony held recently. PR


LEISURE 11

Saturday, 24 May, 2014

HaGaR tHE HoRRIblE

aries

taurus

gemini

Ambition is a driving force -- and you've got more than most! Check in with yourself briefly so you know where you're headed, and then get moving with a quickness! You can do great things today.

The whole world seems to be breathing down your neck, trying to get you to speed up faster than you really want to go. Try not to worry -- you should be fine going at your own pace.

How do you feel about your plans? Now is the time to shift gears if you think something is unrealistic or just inadvisable. Take time to think things over and you should know what to do next.

cancer

leo

virgo

An authority figure looms large today and may cause problems for you -- especially if you fight back. Even if you know you're right, hold off on conflict until a few more days have passed.

You're not exactly set in your ways, but you do have some habits and beliefs that have stood the test of time. Still, someone new comes your way and shakes up a tiny portion of your world view today.

You're fighting against something or someone -- and you may not understand exactly why you're so upset. Just go with it, because sometimes you need to see battles through to their logical conclusion.

libra

scorpio

sagittarius

Business arrangements are simpler than ever, so make sure that you're really paying attention to the details. You can make great connections that last a lifetime. Have fun too!

Your love life is ramping up, and you may feel as if you're living in a Hallmark card. Go for it! Ask out that hottie or remind your partner why they fell for you in the first place.

You may find that you're getting even more done than you had expected -- and with energy this potent, it's no wonder! You're also having fun, even if the work is pure drudgery.

dIlbERt

GaRFIEld

baldo

capricorn

aQuarius

pisces

Try not to alienate anyone today -but you may have to make a stark choice. Your work (or job search) needs you and a family member needs you, and the odds are that you can't help both.

Something new and cool blows your mind today -- so get ready for some amazing times! It's a sure bet that you're able to convince others to go along with you as you wrangle with this new idea.

Something that seems totally real is actually illusory -- but you may not figure that out until a few days have passed. Your best bet is to assume that something's not quite right.

cRosswoRd

sUdokU

woRd sEaRcH

ACROSS

fill in all the squares in the grid so that each row, column and each of the squares contains all the digits. the object is to insert the numbers in the boxes to satisfy only one condition: each row, column and 3x3 box must contain the digits 1 through 9 exactly once.

Today’s soluTions

dEbatablE bIddInG

cHEss white tO PLAY AND MAte iN five MOves 8 7 6 5 4 3 2

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

chess solution

A

1.ba6 Rxb4 2.bc4+ Rxc4 3.Qxc4+ be6 4.Qc5 Qxc5 5.Raxc5 *

1

sudoku solution

Down 1 side passage (5) 2 go away (slang) (5,4,4) 3 (in orthopaedics) the pulling on a bone or limb to relieve pressure during healing (8) 4 a complete flop (6) 5 dubious (4) 6 troublesome person or thing (4,2,3,4) 7 kings, queens and their families (7) 12 Japanese dish of cooked meat or seafood, marinated in soy sauce (8) 13 pretentious talk (7) 15 (regular) alcoholic drink (6) 18 silly (5) 19 legal order (4)

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crossword solution

1 person buying a company to sell off its valuable parts (5-8) 8 engage in a winter sport (3) 9 not based on any reality (4-5) 10 greens on a golf course? (8) 11 execute (4) 13 painful swelling of the big toe joint (6) 14 room in a church (6) 16 secretion from a male deer, used in perfumery (4) 17 part of profits distributed to shareholders (8) 20 fourteen books of the old testament excluded from most versions of of the bible (9) 21 pixie (3) 22 tease (4,3,6)

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Saturday, 24 May, 2014

ARTS

StudieS look for link between cell phoneS and brain tumourS t

HE heaviest users of cell phones may be at higher than average risk of being diagnosed with a brain tumour, according to a recent French study. But for most people, it’s still not clear if there’s added risk, the authors say. Plus, the devices and the way people use them keeps evolving so that more research is needed going forward, they add. This isn’t the first study to point to a tumour risk with heavy cell phone use, said Dr. L. Dade Lunsford, a distinguished professor of neurosurgery specializing in brain tumour management at the University of Pittsburgh. But these kinds of studies rely on people to recall how much they have used cell phones in the past with no indication of their actual use, said Lunsford, who was not involved in the French research. The new results found no difference between regular cell users and non-users, which suggests that if there is a link, it is only applicable for people who claim to use their cell phone the most, he noted. Cell phones emit radiofrequency electromagnetic fields in the microwave spectrum, which may be cancer causing, although that’s not yet proven, said Dr. Seung-Kwon Myung of South Korea's National Cancer Center. Myung led a large analysis of all the previous studies of cell phone use and brain tumors in 2009. In 2011, the World Health Organization’s International Agency on Cancer

classified this radiation as possibly carcinogenic, based on existing studies. The French team, led by Dr. Gaelle Coureau of the Universite Bordeaux Segalen, used a cancer registry to identify adults with meningiomas or gliomas, the two most common types of adult brain tumours. Brain tumors are generally rare relative to other types of cancer. Less than eight in 100,000 people in the U.S. each year are diagnosed with meningiomas, and 85 percent of those tumours are benign, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine and the Cleveland Clinic. Malignant brain tumors represent only two percent of all cancers. The new analysis included

TIPU SULTAN’S RING AUCTIONED AMID CRITICISM A ring belonging to an 18th Century Indian ruler has been sold at an auction in London amid criticism from heritage groups. The jewelled golden ring was sold for £145,000 by Christie's auction house. It belonged to Tipu Sultan, a Muslim king, and is notable because it was inscribed with the name of a Hindu God. Tipu Sultan is best known for fighting against British rule in India. The ring is thought to have been taken from him by a British general as he lay dead. The 41.2g ring was sold to an undisclosed bidder for almost 10 times its estimated price at the auction in central London, according to Christie's website. It is inscribed with the name of the Hindu God Ram in raised Devanagri script.

253 cases of glioma and 194 cases of meningioma in four French regions, and twice as many people from the same areas of France who had never had a brain tumour, for comparison. Researchers interviewed the participants about their past cell phone use, with questions about the model of phone they had used, how long they had used it, the average number and length of calls made and received each month and whether the phones were used for work. “Regular users,” who had used a mobile phone at least once a week for at least six months at a time, were no more likely to have a tumour than those who had never used a cell phone, according to the

Some say this shows that the king was more sympathetic to Hindus than previously thought. The ring was allegedly taken from the slain body of Tipu Sultan at the end of the 1799 Srirangappattinam battle he fought against the British East India Company's forces. The auction listing noted that "it is surprising that a ring bearing the name of a Hindu god would have been worn by the great Muslim warrior". Earlier this month Professor S. Settar from India's

results published in Occupational and Environmental Medicine. People with the longest cumulative duration of calls, or more than 896 hours on the phone, were about twice as likely to have a glioma or meningioma than people who had talked less. “Case-control studies use questionnaires to ask people to recall how often they used their phones for periods up to 10 years and more,” said Dr. Michael Repacholi, former coordinator of the World Health Organization Electromagnetic Field (EMF) Project. “Most people could not accurately remember how many calls or for how long they used their phone each call 10 years ago, and so they

National Institute of Advanced Studies warned that the ring might be hidden from public view if it was sold to a private bidder. He urged the Indian government to "make use of all available avenues, legal and diplomatic, to recover the ring". If the ring could not be stopped from going to auction, he said, Indian philanthropists should be encouraged to purchase it on behalf of the nation. It is not known if the new owner of the ring is Indian. Another group calling itself the Tipu Sultan United Front also urged Indian authorities to do all they could to prevent the ring from being sold. The ring was previously listed for sale by Christie's in 2012 but was then withdrawn from sale. VIA BBC

ITALIAN DOCTORS DESIGN MINI DIALYSIS MACHINE FOR BABIES Doctors in Italy have designed a miniature dialysis machine for babies, used for the first time last year to save a newborn girl, according to a new report.Usually, doctors adapt standard dialysis machines for babies, but that can be risky since the devices can't always be accurately tweaked. About 1 to 2 percent of hospitalized infants have kidney problems that may require dialysis, which cleans toxins from the blood when the kidneys aren't working. "Only a small number of (babies) need this treatment, but it could be life-saving," said Dr. Heather Lambert, a pediatric kidney specialist

and spokeswoman for Britain's Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health. Lambert and colleagues at the Great North Children's Hospital in Newcastle are working on a similar small dialysis device and other scientists have experimented with prototypes. The new mini-dialysis machine, meant for babies under 10 kilograms was conceived by Dr. Claudio Ronco of the San Bortolo Hospital in Vicenza, Italy and colleagues. J ust weeks after the machine was licensed last summer by European authorities, they got their first patient: a 3-day-old baby girl weighing about 3 kilograms (6.6 pounds) with multi-

ple organ failure. "Her parents had already reserved the funeral," Ronco said. Instead, the baby was treated for nearly a month. She and her parents recently paid Ronco a visit. "The baby was crying like crazy because she was hungry, but she's doing great," Ronco said. The baby has mild kidney problems and needs vitamin D supplements but is otherwise growing normally, he said. Since then, about 10 other babies have been treated with the machine across Europe. The development of the dialysis machine and its first patient were described in a paper published online Thursday in the journal Lancet. The research was paid for by an Italian kidney advocacy group. The dialysis machines cost 35,000 euros . "This is a pretty major advance for the smallest infants," said Dr. Bethany Foster, an associate professor of pediatrics at the Montreal Children's Hospital in Canada, who co-authored an accompanying commentary. "I can't imagine the baby they (treated) would have survived with the current technology." Foster emphasized that doctors should be cautious in deciding which babies to treat. "You have to be especially vigilant with very small babies because what you're often doing amounts to heroic treatment," Foster said. "We need to be careful that we don't just do things because we can." VIA BBC

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give best estimates.” Cancer registries have not shown a significant increase in brain cancers since mobile technology was introduced 20 years ago, which is reassuring, Repacholi said. Mobile phone users shouldn’t worry too much about this problem until larger, better studies have been done, and those will take at least another 10 years, Myung said. The new French study will not affect the world’s conversion to mobile phone use, which has saved more lives across the world than probably any other technology in the last 100 years, Lunsford said. “The ability to communicate without land line access to report illness, injury, impending weather disasters, to access 911, fire, police has undoubtedly saved more lives than any conceivable risk of the late and as yet unverified risk of exposure to non ionizing radiation from mobile phones,” he said. To minimize the risk, if there is any, Myung recommends following five safety tips issued by the Environmental Working Group: use a headset or speakerphone when possible, when in use hold the phone away from your body, text instead of calling, don’t store the phone in your pocket or under your pillow and try only to use it when you have a strong signal. “Fewer signal bars means the phone must try harder to broadcast its signal,” he said. “Research shows that radiation exposure increases dramatically when cell phone signals are weak.” AGENCIES

FACEBOOK NARROWS AUDIENCE FOR NEW USERS' FIRST POSTS

Facebook Inc has changed a privacy setting on its social network, limiting the audience that sees new users' first posts in a reversal of a feature that had critics said forced people to over-share personal information. The company said on Thursday that the status updates that new users post will now be viewable only to friends by default, instead of being viewable to the general public as it had previously been. The change to the default setting, which Facebook quietly implemented a few weeks ago, is the result of feedback from users, Mike Nowak, a Facebook product manager, said in an interview with a foreign news agency. "Sometimes people have felt that they've been unpleasantly surprised that their information was more public than they expected or intended," he said. "The feedback that we received is that oversharing is worse than undersharing." The move reflects a changing approach by Facebook in how it handles the information that people share on its social network of 1.28 billion users. In 2009, Facebook introduced a feature that allowed users to share posts beyond their circles of friends. When new users signed up for Facebook, their status updates were automatically broadcast to the general public unless users manually altered the setting. The reversal comes as many Internet users appear interested in limiting who sees their online activities. Mobile messaging and social networking apps such as Snapchat and Whisper offer anonymity features that have become popular with many users. In February, Facebook announced plans to acquire WhatsApp, a private messaging app, for $19 billion. Facebook will also begin showing all of its users a new "privacy checkup" feature that walks through certain privacy settings, such as who can see personal profile information and which third-party apps users are connected to. VIA BBC


Saturday, 24 May, 2014

ARTS

13

BURKA AVENGER RECEIVES PRESTIGIOUS PEABODY AWARD IN NEW YORK

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HE annual Peabody Awards luncheon honored a record-breaking 46 winners for excellence in electronic media in 2013. Famous Pakistani musician Haroon, picked up the George Foster Peabody Award in New York for the TV series Burka Avenger on behalf of Unicorn Black. Burka Avenger is Pakistan’s first ever full length 3D animated series and was produced by Haroon’s production company, Unicorn Black in Islamabad, Pakistan. This is the first time a Pakistani production has won this prestigious award. The Peabody website calls Burka Avenger “Smart, colorful and provocative, this Pakistani-produced television program about a super-heroine sends a clear message about female empowerment that has the potential to affect an entire generation.” The Peabody Awards, the oldest award in broadcasting, recognises excellence in the electronic media. About 30–40 winners are selected annually from over a 1,000 entries worldwide. Other winners this year include Breaking Bad by AMC / Sony Pictures TV and House of Cards by Netflix. The Burka Avenger series emphasizes on women empowerment, the importance of girls' education and teach children other lessons such as equality and non-discrimination. He said that the success of the wholly produced in Pakistan series is a testament to the level of Pakistani talent.

boxer amIr Khan blessed wIth a daughter

LONDON: British boxer with Pakistani origin Amir Khan’s wife Faryal gave birth to their first child, Lamysa Khan, on Thursday morning and he is seriously taking the change in lifestyle which comes with being a father. The former two-time world champion announced the good news on social media. He posted a message on Twitter: "Faryal and I are delighted to announce the birth our first child Lamysa Khan everyone doing very well, thank you for all your wishes." His verified Facebook page updated: "Congratulations to Amir Khan and Wife Faryal on the arrival of their beautiful baby girl this morning". The 27year-old is letting his wife pick the name of their daughter and joked that she already takes after her father. NEWS DESK

Speaking at the Award Ceremony in New York, Haroon said: "Thank you so much. It's been a long journey to get here. And I mean that literally as well, it was a 20 hour flight from Pakistan. But thank you so much, this truly is a great honor to

be recognised like this. This award goes to my incredibly talented team at Unicorn Black in Pakistan for making this beautiful show. In the TV series, Burka Avenger fights for women empowerment and education for girls. She

DICAPRIO SPACE FLIGHT AUCTIONED FOR $1.5 MILLION AT CANNES

NEWS DESK J.J. Abrams may want to give Leonardo DiCaprio a call about appearing in the next Star Wars movie. The Great Gatsby star is going to know all about space travel. We just got word that a trip sitting next to DiCaprio on Sir Richard Branson's Virgin Galactic space flight went for $1.5 million at amfAR's annual gala and auction at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival.

NEWS: Leo helps raise $38 million for enviornmental causes Another pair of tickets on the same flight went for $1.8 million. Branson hopes to launch the first trip from New Mexico at the end of the year. Seats on the flight go for about $200,000. That's not all DiCaprio had to offer at the star-studded event, which took place at the Hotel du Cap. A $2.3 million bid nabbed a package that included two tickets to the premiere and afterparty of DiCaprio's upcoming drama Wolf

on Wall Street and an Oscar weekend that includes a room at the Beverly Hills Hotel, a Chopard watch, tickets to the Weinstein party and attending Elton John's annual viewing bash and Vanity Fair's legendary soiree with…Heidi Klum! Oscar winner Adrien Brody auctioned off his own Bulgari watch, that he was actually wearing, for about $116,000. When it was all said and done, nearly $25 million was raised, helping amfAR in its continued fight against HIV/AIDS.

is a fictional character but she represents something very real in terms of the dreams, aspirations and challenges of the people of Pakistan and many around the world. Burka Avenger stands for justice, tolerance, peace and education for all. And thank you in Pakistan’s language Urdu is bauhat bauhat shukriya.” In an interview immediately after the show Haroon further went out to say "Well it's an incredible honor, it's a great feeling to be recognised. This is a Pakistani show and we're here alongside some of the big incredible shows from the US and huge budget shows and we're a small budget show all the way from Pakistan. So it's wonderful that Pakistani talent is being recognised. It's a great honor." Burka Avenger has also received other international accolades including the Rising Star Award at the Canada International Film Festival. Time Magazine named the Burka Avenger character as one of the most influential fictional characters of 2013. The Unicorn Black production team is based in Islamabad, Pakistan and comprises of artists, animators, musicians, writers and producers. After the amazing success of season one the company is currently working on Burka Avenger Season 2. Upcoming productions by the company include a male superhero animated TV series with anti-drug messages to be launched in 2015. PRESS RELEASE

I am rIch because I have beautIful chIldren: srK

The list, which features the 10 wealthiest Hollywood and Bollywood personalities, states that Shah Rukh’s fortune is pegged at $600 million second only to comedian Jerry Seinfeld. Not only is he the only Indian on the list, but it’s also noteworthy that he has been placed above global stars like Tom Cruise and Johnny Depp. When asked how much do such titles mean to you today? Honestly, I don’t understand them. All I know is [how] to get into my car, come to the [film] sets, put on make-up and work and get back home after that. I think I am rich because I have beautiful children. They like only the simplest things in life. How does it feel to be considered powerful, desirable and rich? I do feel happy, but these are just names given to somebody who is doing something that people feel is special. These are standard measures. They don’t define you. AGENCIES

ZEBA BAKHTIAR'S 'OPERATION 021' SET TO RELEASE THIS YEAR

AFTER GOLDEN GODDESS ATTIRE, ASH TO BRUSH HER ACTION SKILLS Aishwarya Rai Bachchan followed up her golden girl turn on the Cannes red carpet with another stunning gown. This embellished gown is also from Cavalli and featured an elaborate train. Far more understated than her first look, this time she kept makeup and accessories to minimal. The actress has nailed both her appearances at Cannes and has got rave reviews in India. Ask her to recall the 2002 premiere of Devdas there and the yellow sari she had worn, and the actor says, "People still come up to me with those photos to get an autograph. They are great memories." You’ve spoken about how this festival has broadened your horizons in terms of cinema. Has it enabled you to make braver choices

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in terms of roles? Even prior to my festival experience, I started with Iruvar (1997) with Mani (Ratnam; filmmaker). I always thought I was trying to chart a new course than what’s predictable for the leading lady back home. That’s been my journey so far, and it continues in that sense. Are you doing an action-thriller with Sanjay Gupta now? Yes, and Mani’s film as well. What are you doing with Mani? Abhishek and I both feel that apart from being an exemplary film-maker, it’s just a pleasure to work with him. There’s something he is always exploring creatively, and it makes the entire team want to push themselves. Working with him is exciting and inspiring, and we are like family. AGENCIES

Pakistan's spy action thriller, Operation 021, is set to release later this year on Eid-ulAdha. The film has been produced by Zeba Bakhtiar and her son Azaan Sami Khan, in collaboration with Australian director Summer Nicks. Launched as a project of One Motion Pictures, the film has Shaan Shahid starring as the lead actor, with supporting roles played by Shamoon Abbasi, Aamina Sheikh and Ayub Khoso. Filmed mostly in the remote rural areas of Pakistan, Operation 021 is scripted to address the political events in Pakistan and bring awareness to the Pakistani audience. NEWS DESK


14 SPORTS you don't have to throw: Craig

Saturday, 24 May, 2014

Pakistan disown susPended sussex CriCketer ariF LAHORE

STAFF REPORT

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NEWS DESK Mark Craig is the latest New Zealand spinner to be given the chance to make a name for himself in the post Daniel Vettori era and believes he can have an impact in West Indies even though he does not possess a quirky action. Craig, a 27-year-old off spinner with the undistinguished first-class average of 42.88, benefited from Jeetan Patel's decision to turn down a chance to tour in favour of his county deal with Warwickshire and there is a strong chance a Test debut will follow when the series begins in Jamaica on June 8. With West Indies looking to avenge their 2-0 series defeat in New Zealand late last year, and their trump card bowlers against side that can struggle against spin being Shane Shillingford and Sunil Narine, pitches are expected to take turn for the three Tests which creates the possibility of Craig joining forces with leg spinner Ish Sodhi who made his debut against Bangladesh last year and has played six Tests. Craig concedes he does not have the magic of the unorthodox finger spinners around the world - there is no doosra or carrom ball to flummox batsmen - but does not believe that inevitably prevents him from having success at the top level. "I mean, you look at Graeme Swann, he's been a very successful off spinner and he doesn't throw the ball at all," Craig told the Dominion Post. "He's been a conventional off spinner so I think there's still a place in the game for those guys that don't throw the ball. It just means that you've got to work that little bit harder in terms of deceiving guys in the air and things like that, if you don't have the one that goes the other way. "I basically just try and give the ball as big a rip as I can and spin the ball big and get a bit of drop on the ball and bring in that bounce and try and catch a glove or go through-the-gate to the righties or lbw or nick off to the lefties." If Craig's debut does come at Sabina Park it will bring him head-to-head with Chris Gayle in his 100th Test. New Zealand's impressive new-ball attack of Tim Southee and Trent Boult will aim to dispense of Gayle early, but if it does become Craig's job to bowl at him he will relish the challenge.

AkISTANI cricket chiefs Friday publicly disowned Sussex pace-man Naveed Arif, who has been suspended by the England and Wales Cricket Board on charges of matchfixing. Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) head Najam Sethi said they had “no relations” with Arif, who was charged on Thursday with six offences relating to a 40-over game between Sussex and kent in August 2011. Former New Zealand batsman Lou Vincent, who has already admitted fixing in several countries, was charged by the ECB alongside Arif. Pakistan has an unenviable record for fixing and corruption in cricket, and PCB chief Sethi was quick to stress Arif's estrangement. “He is out of Pakistan for the last three years and he has no relations with Pakistan cricket,” Sethi told reporters. However, Arif featured in two

matches in Pakistan's domestic Twenty20 tournament for Sialkot Stallions in December 2012. He also toured Australia with Pak-

istan “A” team in 2009 before moving to England, where he qualified as a non-overseas player for Sussex through his wife's Danish passport.

AFRIDI MAY QUIT ODIS AFTER 2015 WORLD CUP Pakistan all-rounder Shahid Afridi says he might retire from one-day internationals after the World Cup next year and just concentrate on Twenty20s LAHORE STAFF REPORT

Afridi quit test cricket four years ago but the hard-hitting all rounder is a regular member of the limited-overs teams. He has played in three World Cups, and captained the team to the 2011 semifinals. Afridi says the 2015 World Cup in Australia and New Zealand is ''important for two, three senior members of the team. I may retire (after the World Cup) and continue playing Twenty20 cricket.'' The Pakistan Cricket Board has organized a one-month fitness camp in Lahore before announcing the central contracts, and Afridi says while he has attended lots of camps during his 18-year career, ''no doubt this camp is very tough.'' The mercurial all rounder also appreciated the efforts of Mohammad Akram in conducting the rigorous summer camp which was underway at the Gaddhafi stadium in Lahore. Afridi is in favor of performance-based central contracts, and says ''if someone performs throughout the year he should get the A-plus category.''

Sethi said Pakistan have taken tough measures to crack down on cricket fixers. “We have taken some stringent steps to stop corruption and have adopted zero tolerance on such things,” he said. Former Test leg-spinner Danish kaneria is serving a life ban for spotfixing in an English county game. Three Pakistani stars – Salman Butt, Mohammad Asif and Mohammed Amir – were given bans and jail time for their role in spot-fixing in the now-notorious Lord's Test against England in 2011. A Pakistani international player who featured alongside Arif for the Stallions in 2012 said he could was amazed to hear he was involved in fixing. “He (Arif) was a very shy and unassuming guy and had always played the game for passion,” the player told AFP on condition of anonimity. “Maybe, he was lured into fixing as he failed to make it to the national team in Pakistan and wasn't a regular member for the county.”

Ferguson signed by renegades NEWS DESK Callum Ferguson was the first trade of 2014-15 season of the Big Bash League as he moved to Melbourne Renegades. The middle-order batsman had been with Adelaide Strikers for three years since the tournament's inception in 2011. Ferguson enjoyed a fruitful Sheffield Shield season, averaging 56.50 from seven matches and helped South Australia to the final. His T20 numbers are less impressive - 262 runs in 16 innings for Strikers to go with an international career that is three matches old. However, Renegades coach Simon Helmot believed Ferguson fit their team's needs well. "What we're doing at the moment is recruiting to form a solid top order that will carry us through the next two, three years. This is just the first step," he said. Renegades finished top of the table in 2012-13, but their performance slumped this past season with three wins in eight matches. Former Australia pacer Brett Lee has signed a one-year deal to continue with Sydney Sixers. Lee, 37, was excited to lead a pace attack that includes Mitchell Starc and Josh Hazlewood but was cautious about his future. "As with every year, I'll see how I feel at the end of the season but right now I am just excited to remain in magenta for another year and see if we can go one further next season," he said. General Manager Dominic Remond was also pleased to renew the association. "Brett had a great season in BBL03, was our second leading wicket taker and bowled at the same pace he did as a 20-year old," Redmond said. "His ability to close out an innings and hold his nerve in pressure situations shows he has lost none of the competitive spirit that has held him well over his career.

Why Gareth Bale, not Cristiano Ronaldo, could be Real Madrid’s hero in Lisbon SPORTS DESK The 2014 Champions League final is on Saturday. It's an all-Spanish affair - allMadrid, even - between Real and Atletico and will be staged in Lisbon. And yet, the deciding factor could very well come from the humble nation of Wales. Gareth Bale's huge-money move from Tottenham to the Bernabeu earned the talented former Southampton man an unsurprising amount of scrutiny for his first few months in Spain. Such a price tag, of course, means anything short of scoring a hat-trick in each of your first five games has some wondering if you were worth the money. Nonetheless, once the wave of hype settled down, Bale set about quietly proving exactly why he was a shrewd investment - one who could provide the

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ultimate repayment to Los Galacticos at the weekend if he is the one who finally delivers La Decima. He's already taken centre-stage in such a situation once this season: his winning goal in the Clasico Copa del Rey final against Barcelona made quite the impression in April. And football statisticians extraordinaire Opta have presented a comprehensive rundown of just how important a player Bale has been to Real in his debut season, which lends credence to the theory that he stands just as much chance of being the hero of the final as hometown boy Cristiano Ronaldo. Below you can find Bale's stats compared to some of the other players set to take to the pitch on Saturday in the Champions League (click to see a full-size version). It now seems rather laughable that, after an unconvincing start, Bale was labelled as a

flop in some quarters following his £86m summer transfer. As the stats above prove, Bale has both scored and created in impressive volume in his first year in Spanish football and who would bet against him doing the same on the biggest club stage of all? Ronaldo is of course the top scorer having netted a record 16 times, but with Diego Costa likely missing in Lisbon due to injury, Bale will actually be the joint second top scorer on display, along with Karim Benzema, thanks to his five goals. Brits at the Bernabeu - why Bale is a cut above at Real Madrid: Bale has scored 15 league goals this season. Michael Owen managed 13 in his single season with Real Madrid. Bale has also assisted 12 goals this season. It took David Beckham two seasons to reach 12 league assists (eight in 2003/04, four in 2004/05).


SPORTS 15

Saturday, 24 May, 2014

Madhav Mantri dies aged 92 Madhav Mantri, the former India wicketkeeper, has died following a heart attack at a private clinic in Mumbai on Friday. He was 92.

FRENCH OPEN: MURRAY FACES GOLUBEV, NADAL, SERENA HANDED TRICKY DRAWS

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SPORT DESK Mantri played four Tests for India in the 1950s, and though he couldn't quite establish himself in the national team, he was a consistent performer for a dominant Bombay side on the domestic circuit. He captained Bombay to three Ranji titles, and scored 2976 runs at an average of 53.14, besides taking 69 catches and 23 stumpings. He was admitted to hospital on May 1 after suffering a mild heart attack, and died after another heart attack early on Friday morning. Mantri, who was Sunil Gavaskar's uncle, was a national selector from 1964 to 1968 and the Mumbai Cricket Association president from 1988 to 1992. He was also manager of the Indian team on the England tour of 1990, and served as BCCI treasurer between 1990 and 1992. The BCCI called Mantri's demise a big loss to Indian cricket. "Indian cricket will be indebted to him," BCCI secretary Sanjay Patel said. "Several cricketers, from Sunil Gavaskar to Sachin Tendulkar, had the privilege of being guided by him in their formative years." The Mumbai Cricket Association also paid tribute. "He may have looked diminutive, but Madhav Mantri was well and truly one of the giants of Mumbai and Indian cricket," Sharad Pawar, the MCA president, said. "The game of cricket and cricket administration were dearer to him than anything else." Pawar also praised Mantri's cricketing insights. "A visionary, he was among the earliest cricketing gurus in India to recognise and emphasise the importance of fielding, at a time when this department of the game was not valued as much as batting and bowling."

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NDy Murray has been drawn against kazakhstan's Andrey Golubev in the first round of the French Open. Elsewhere, two fellow Spaniards who have already beaten him on his favourite clay surface could lie in wait for favourite and defending champion Rafael Nadal at the French Open. Eight-times champion Nadal plays American Robbie Ginepri in round one but Nicolas Almagro and David Ferrer are seeded to face him in the fourth round and the quarter-final respectively. Almagro surprisingly beat Nadal in the quarter-finals of the Barcelona Open while Ferrer, who the Mallorcan beat in last year's French Open final, knocked him out at the same stage at the Monte Carlo Masters. "Last week in Rome was tough physically but sometimes you need these things. I played a bit better during the tournament," Nadal told a news conference. Defeat by Novak Djokovic in the Italian Open final meant Nadal has lost three matches on the European claycourt swing for the first time in a

decade, raising doubts over his form. Djokovic, chasing the only Grand Slam title missing from his collection, takes on Portuguese Joao Sousa in the first round en route to a possible semifinal showdown against former world number one Roger Federer.

Fourth seed Federer plays Slovakian Lukas Lacko in the first round while his fellow Swiss Stanislas Wawrinka, the third seed, faces a tough first round against plays Spaniard Guillermo Garcia-Lopez in round one.

Wawrinka is seeded to meet Nadal in the semi-finals. Federer, who won the title in 2009, believes there will be little room for surprises at this year's tournament. "I think at Roland Garros it is a war of attrition, you have to play more shots and you can't rely too much on a good serve to get yourself out of a tricky situation," the 32-year-old told a news conference. Women's holder and world number one Serena Williams was drawn against France's Alize Lim in the first round before a likely quarter-final clash with Russian Maria Sharapova, whom she beat in last year's final. Seventh seed Sharapova has been improving greatly on clay over the years and won the Stuttgart and Madrid titles this year back to back. She faces a qualifier in round one. Second seed Li Na of China, winner in 2011, also faces French opposition in round one in the shape of kristina Mladenovic. World number four Simona Halep of Romania is Li's potential semi-final opponent. The top half of the women's draw looks tougher than the bottom with Wimbledon runner-up Sabine Lisicki, Australian Samantha Stosur and third seed Agnieszka Radwanska lurking.

MUMBAI BEAT DELHI BY 15 RUNS SPORTS DESK Mumbai Indians handed Delhi Daredevils their eighth straight loss, beating them by 15 runs in their Indian Premier League (IPL) match at the Wankhede Stadium here Friday. Mumbai's third win on the trot kept them in the hunt for a playoff spot -- all be it the smallest of chances. Mumbai Indians have 12 points, the same as Sunrisers Hyderabad and the only chance of either team making it to the playoffs would be if Rajasthan Royals, who are in fourth with 14 points and a game in hand, lose both their final matches. The Daredevils' dismal run since returning from the UAE continued. Delhi are bottom of the table having won just two of 13 matches, both their victories coming in the UAE leg. An 85-run fourth wicket partnership between Manoj Tiwary (41) and J.P. Duminy (45 not out) took Delhi close but it wasn't enough as they were restricted to 158 for four in 20 overs. Kevin Pietersen (44) got things rolling for the Daredevils but Murali Vijay (8) and Dinesh Karthik (7) failed as Delhi managed just 61 runs off the first 10 overs. Tiwary and in particular Duminy played superbly to make a match off the contest but had a little too much to do as they fell 15 runs short.

Earlier a power packed half-century from Michael Hussey (56 off 33) helped Mumbai score 173 all out in 19.3 overs. Lendl Simmons (35) and Hussey bludgeoned their way to a 87-run opening stand off just 48 balls. Hussey was dismissed in the 12th over with the score on 120. Rohit Sharma (30) looked to started

from where Hussey left off but the captain's fall had catastrophic effect on the team as they lost eight wickets for just 33 runs-giving Delhi a way back. South African leggie Imran Tahir bagged three wickets while Jaydev Unadkat chipped in with two. M.Hussey was declared the Player of the match.

Giro d’Italia: Canola defies sprinters with stage 13 win SPORTS DESK The trio crossed the line 11 seconds ahead of the peloton, who miscalculated the chase during the short and flat 157km transitional stage from Fossano to Rivarolo Canavese. Colombia's Rigoberto Uran (Omega Pharma-Quick Step) finished safely in the pack to retain his 37-second lead over Australian veteran Cadel Evans (BMC) in the overall standings. A leading six-man group made light work of a freak hailstorm with 30km remaining moments after crossing the summit of the only categorised climb - the Cat.4 ascent to Salita di Rivara with an advantage of two and a half minutes. The gap had been whittled down to 1:45 by the time the race passed through the finish town ahead of a final loop out-and-back. With 16km remaining, Canola's acceleration could only be matched by Rodriguez and Tulik, and the other three escapees were soon swallowed up by the pack.

But a lack of coordinated chase by the teams of the sprinters meant the leading trio still held more than a minute entering the final 5km. The Garmin-Sharp team of Tyler Farrar and Nizzolo's Trek train came to the front to lead the chase - but it was too little too late and the leaders had the luxury of slowing to a near

standstill ahead of a final 90-degree bend 300m from the finish. Canola, 25, opened up the sprint before easing to the second professional win of his career - two years after opening his account with a victory in the Tour of Langkawi. "It's a massive surprise and a special win for me," he said. "Sometimes in

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life you get unexpected opportunities and today is the best day of my sporting career so far." Bouhanni and Nizzolo led the peloton over the line ahead of a frustrated cluster of the race's top sprinters, including Elia Viviani (Cannondale), Luka Mezgec (Giant-Shimano), Ben Swift (Sky), Farrar and Borut Bozic (Astana). SIX-MAN GROUP: Italy's Canola, Venezuelan Rodriguez and Frenchman Tulik broke clear shortly after the start with Colombian Jeffry Johan Romero (Colombia) and Belgium's Gert Dockx (Lotto-Belisol). They were soon joined by Russia's Maxim Belkov (Katusha) in a leading group that never held more than three and a half minutes over the peloton. BIG WINNER OF THE DAY: It's hard to look past Marco Canola, who took the biggest win of his career for the unheralded Pro Continental team Bardiani. BIG LOSERS OF THE DAY: All the sprinters - particularly those still without a win - who may not have another chance to fight for a victory

until the final stage of the race in Trieste. On a separate note, both Maxim Belkov (Katusha) and Thomas Dekker (Garmin-Sharp) hit the tarmac after getting their rain coats stuck in their rear wheels. KEY MOMENT: Even when falling hail disrupted the chase with around 30km from the finish, this stage looked destined for a bunch sprint. But when Canola's attack forced the leading group to split in two, suddenly the odds looked stacked against the lackadaisical peloton. TALKING POINT: Will Nacer Bouhanni regret not forcing his team to lead the chase? A fourth win may still be possible for the Frenchman, but he'll have to get over all those mountains first... COMING UP: The race enters the Alps with the first of two back-to-back stages commemorating the late Marco Pantani. The 164km stage 14 from Aglie features three categorized climbs ahead of the final Cat.1 slog to the famous Orapa Sanctuary, one of the old stomping grounds of the controversial Italian climber.


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Saturday, 24 May, 2014

Published by Arif Nizami at Qandeel Printing Press, 4 Queens Road, Lahore.

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