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16 September, 2018 I 5 Muharram, 1440 I Rs 25.00 I Vol IX No 78 I 96 Pages I Karachi Edition

CJP warns dam CritiCs of invoking artiCle 6 g

Parliament supreme, CCI subservient, says Supreme Court g

juStICe NISAr SummoNS CeoS oN SuNdAy AFter Court IS INFormed tHAt mINerAl wAter ComPANIeS PAId 25 PAISAS Per lItre to goVt

STORY ON BACK PAGE

LAHORE

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STAFF REPORT

he Supreme Court (SC) on Saturday ordered the chief executive officers (CeO) of all major mineral water companies to appear before it on Sunday in a case regarding the alleged exploitation of water resources in the country, as the top judge warned those criticising his dams’ construction initiative of invoking Article 6, which deals with high treason. Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Mian Saqib Nisar, who was heading a two-member bench, had taken suo motu notice of the issue on Friday and sought data regarding water usage by the companies from concerned departments. While hearing the case at the SC’s Lahore Registry on Saturday, CJP Nisar said the court will see "whether the mineral water [provided by the companies] even has minerals in it or not". Justice Nisar said that companies selling water should sit with the government and decide a rate for extracting water. A lawyer for the federal government informed the court that the mineral water companies pay the government 25 paisa per litre of water, while selling it for Rs50 per litre. At this, the CJP remarked that he himself boiled and drank tap water at home because "that is what [the people of] my nation are drinking". he observed that a poor person was compelled to drink pond water even today. Justice Nisar emphasised the value of water by saying that it was now even more expensive than gold. he said people have gotten into the habit of drinking mineral water and money was being made off of a natural resource. "We will not allow the theft of water under any condition," the top judge warned. The CJP observed that the companies making money from water get ahead while common people get left behind, adding that steps need to be taken to improve the lives of the common man. The court subsequently ordered the CeOs of all major companies selling mineral water — including Nestle, Coca-Cola, Pepsi and Gourmet —

detAIled judgemeNt SAyS CCI HAS No role IN legISlAtIVe ProCeSS wItH reSPeCt to mAtterS eNumerAted IN FederAl legISlAtIVe lISt

SC gives Saad Rafique month’s time to respond to railway losses report

to appear before the bench at 11am on Sunday. CJP WARNS DAM CRITICS: During the hearing, the CJP hinted that Article 6 of the Constitution could possibly be imposed now against those who try to impede the construction of dams in Pakistan in the future. he said he had started reviewing Article 6, which deals with high treason. Article 6 of the Constitution states: "Any person who abrogates or subverts or suspends or holds in abeyance, or attempts or conspires to abrogate or subvert or suspend or hold in abeyance, the Constitution by use of force or show of force or by any other unconstitutional means shall be guilty of high treason." "I will tell you one thing, I have no other objective other than to serve the nation," Justice Nisar said, adding that he would continue to work for the welfare of the people after retirement. "If it weren't for this country, I probably

would have been Aitzaz Ahsan's secretary [munshi] today," he said, referring to the senior lawyer who was representing Nestle. Meanwhile, the federal government submitted a preliminary report regarding mineral water companies operating in the country. According to the report, 82 such units are operating in Karachi, 16 in Sukkur, 15 in hyderabad, 12 in Islamabad and eight in Lahore.

‘Kalabagh Dam up next after Diamer-Bhasha completion’ STORY ON PAGE 03

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Former mINISter ComPlAINS He’S BeINg INSulted rAtHer tHAN BeINg APPreCIAted For ImProVINg PAKIStAN rAIlwAyS STORY ON PAGE 02

Violent protests in Kashmir after India kills 6 ‘militants’ STORY ON BACK PAGE

Pakistan promises Afghanistan peace g

ForeIgN mINISter QureSHI SAyS KABul VISIt ’Very AdVANtAgeouS’, ‘CloudS oF FeAr HAVe FAded AwAy’

NAB moves SC to stop IHC from ruling on Sharifs’ appeals against conviction g

STORY ON PAGE 03

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NAB PleA SAyS IHC dId Not NotIFy ANtI-grAFt wAtCHdog BeFore ACCePtINg SHArIF FAmIly’S PleA For HeArINg STORY ON PAGE 02


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02 NEWS

Sunday, 16 September, 2018

NAB MoveS SC To SToP IHC rulINg oN SHArIfS’ PleAS T ISLAMABAD

STAFF REPORT

HE National Accountability Bureau (NAB) on Saturday moved the Supreme Court (SC) in a bid to prevent the Islamabad High Court (IHC) from its decision on a plea from the Sharif family seeking the suspension of the Avenfield verdict. Nawaz Sharif, his daughter Maryam and son-in-law Captain (r) Muhammad Safdar had moved the IHC to suspend the verdict in the Avenfield properties reference after they were convicted by Accountability Judge Mohammad Bashir on

July 6, 2018. The accountability court had sentenced Nawaz to 10 years in prison, Maryam to seven years and handed a oneyear sentence to Capt Safdar. According to a petition submitted in court by NAB Chairman Javed Iqbal, the high court did not send NAB a notice before accepting the Sharif family’s petition for hearing. “The high court cannot rule on the Sharif family’s petition without listening to NAB’s perspective,” the petition said. Furthermore, the NAB chief said in his petition that ruling on the suspension application is not in the high court’s jurisdiction and thus the IHC should be stopped from hearing the pe-

SC orders NAB to review list of officers in huge salaries’ case LAHORE: The Supreme Court on Saturday directed the National Accountability Bureau (NAB) directorgeneral to review the list of officers appointed in the public sector companies on more than Rs 300,000 salary per month. The bench comprising Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Justice Saqib Nisar and Justice Ijaz-ul-Ahsan issued the order while hearing a suo motu notice regarding huge salary structure of officers of the public sector companies in Punjab. NAB Director General Saleem Shahzad informed the court that a bank account had been opened for voluntary return of the additional salaries, received by the civil servants as heads or officials of the 56 public sector companies in the province. The Punjab government had also been informed about it, he added. At this, the chief justice asked the details of 18 officials who had opposed the return of salaries and wanted to contest their case. To which, Dr Raheel Ahmad Siddiqui, former chairperson of the Punjab Revenue Authority, apprised the court that his name was also included in those 18 officials. He was a grade-21 officer and was withdrawing more than Rs 300,000 as salary, permissible under the rules, but the NAB authorities included his name in the list of officers who were receiving marketbased salaries, over and above their regular salaries, he added. At this, the chief justice termed the NAB list incorrect and directed for reviewing it. APP

President says ‘embarrassed’ by excessive protocol President Arif Alvi justified excessive protocol accompanying him as he left Karachi airport on Friday evening by saying that he had asked authorities to limit the number of cars in the presidential motorcade. “We have to try harder,” said the president as the Pakistan Tehreek-eInsaf (PTI) government tries to curb VIP culture and perks as part of its austerity drive. President Alvi said he was embarrassed by the protocol provided for him at the airport despite his request otherwise. He agreed on Twitter with a user who claimed that the protocol was not only for him but also the chief minister, governor and other federal and provincial ministers. A Twitter user also responded by complaining about excessive security outside the president’s Karachi residence that was harming local businesses. The president had arrived in Karachi from Islamabad on a Serene Air flight and visited the Quaid’s mausoleum this morning to offer fateha. Provincial Minister Saeed Ghani and Sindh Governor Imran Ismail, who has been trying to get into the mausoleum for some time, were pictured with Alvi. NEwS DESk

tition at all. Following the conviction, the Sharif family had filed several petitions seeking suspension of their sentences besides filing appeals challenging the convictions. NAB, however, raised objections to the court’s hearing of the petitions first instead of appeals, saying they were filed under “an irrelevant section of law”. Moreover, quoting Section 497(3) of the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC), the NAB prosecutor said “a convict facing lifetime imprisonment could file an appeal after completing a two-year sentence. For a 10-year imprisonment, the time limitation was one

year, he said, adding that for a sevenyear imprisonment, petitions seeking suspension of the sentence could only be filed after completing a six-month jail term”. Earlier, the high court had turned down a NAB petition wherein it sought dismissal of Sharif family’s plea, saying it was not being made a party which made the petitions non-maintainable. Besides grilling NAB over lack of evidence in the Avenfield case, the high court had also transferred remaining two references against Nawaz Sharif — Flagship and Hill Metal — to the court of Judge Arshad Malik after Khawaja Haris filed a plea in the court.

SC gives Saad Rafique month’s time to respond to railway losses report LAHORE STAFF REPORT

The Supreme Court (SC) on Saturday gave former railway minister Khawaja Saad Rafique a month’s time to submit his reply in a case pertaining to losses suffered by Pakistan Railways during his tenure. Rafique appeared at the Supreme Court’s Lahore registry after being summoned by the Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Saqib Nisar. On his arrival, the chief justice questioned the former minister if he had seen the audit report highlighting the losses suffered by the organisation, to which the PML-N leader replied that he had taken steps to make the ministry self-sustainable. “I am not here to be insulted,” Rafique said, reminding the court that the code of conduct for judges does not allow them to insult anyone. Following this Justice Nisar assured Rafique that he was not being insulted and asked him to submit his response. Rafique said that he had come to the court to be appreciated but all he had received was an admonishment. “Submit your response and we will see if you deserve to be praised,” Justice Ijazul Ahsan said. Rafique then apprised the court that he could not respond to the court

on a 1000-page report. “I cannot respond to the report as I am not an accountant,” he said, asking the court to point out his name mentioned in the corruption case. He also stated that he had made his “best efforts to improve the railway department”. Following this, the court advised Rafique to hire a lawyer and a consultant and accepted his request to be granted one month’s time in order to submit his response. The chief justice also said the case should be handed over to the National Accountability Bureau (NAB) for further investigation. The

court then adjourned the hearing. On April 7, the top judge had taken suo motu notice of alleged corruption of Rs 60 billion in Pakistan Railways. The top judge had also summoned railways minister, secretary and board members along with the audit report. A week later, the apex court had ordered the complete audit of Pakistan Railways during the case hearing. During the case’s hearing on April 28, the SC sought a report on the losses incurred by Pakistan Railways. The report found that losses of Pakistan Railways stand at Rs 40 billion.

Democracy still developing in Pakistan: politicians opine on Int’l Democracy Day NEWS DESK International Day of Democracy was celebrated across the world on Saturday where global leaders pledged to promote the democratic norms. Pakistani politicians also gave special messages and opined that the democracy was still in its developing stage in the country. Former president Asif

Ali Zardari, in his message, said that all institutions must remain in their constitutional limits. “With the passage of time, the perils hovering over the democracy are changing as well. Instead of the attack of dictators on democracy, it got more fragile against the extremists,” the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) co-chairman said. Opposition Leader in Senate

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Raja Zafarul Haq said that the democracy has a long way to cover in Pakistan. He said, “Political forces are required to strengthen and ensure the supremacy of Parliament above all institutions which is still quite a challenge in third world countries. It is being said that Democracy is nurtured. However, people are still deprived of their basic rights to live.” Peoples Party leader Qamar Zaman Kaira said that the intensification of democracy is conditioned with democratic attitudes of individuals. “Presence of parliament alone cannot guarantee the rule of people to its core. It is always the attitudes and perspectives that are required to be moulded in a society in accordance with the demands of democracy. Institutions play their part in strengthening the roots of democracy,” he added. PTI leader Andaleeb Abbas argued, “On International Democracy Day, the real test is, has the majority of the country been served by the government? It is the masses whose condition determines the state of democracy. Let us pledge to make the majority of the people of Pakistan develop and prosper!”

PM Imran set to expand cabinet with four new ministers LAHORE: The Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) government on Saturday decided to further expand the federal cabinet. Four to five new ministers will be inducted in the federal cabinet after Ashura. Faisal Vawda from Karachi and Fazal Muhammad Khan from Charsaddda as well as Ali Ameen Gandapur and Azam Swati will be the cabinet’s new additions. Moreover, efforts to reconcile with estranged Muhammad Mian Soomro are also being made. Earlier on Tuesday, Omar Ayub Khan, Ali Muhammad Khan Mahar and Syed Ali Haider Zaidi were inducted as federal ministers whereas, Muhammad Shabir Ali, Murad Saeed and Hammad Azhar were inducted as state ministers. PM Imran Khan had initially unveiled a 20member cabinet including fifteen ministers and five advisers. The federal cabinet currently has nineteen ministers and four ministers of state along with four advisers and three special assistants to the prime minister. The federal cabinet currently has 19 ministers and four ministers of state while prominent ministries including Science and Technology, Overseas Pakistanis, transportation, Kashmir affairs, Narcotics, Postal Services and Parliamentary Affairs are still vacant. STAFF REPORT

PM to visit Karachi today ISLAMABAD Prime Minister Imran Khan will visit Karachi on Sunday where he would pay a visit to the mausoleum of the father of the nation, Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. During his stay in the city, he would also preside over a meeting on the current security situation in the city at the State Guest House. The premier would also chair a party leaders’ meeting to discuss the special development packages for Karachi and other cities of the province. He would also meet a delegation of business community leaders and receive a briefing on ongoing federal government’s development projects in the city. Earlier, Minister for Maritime Affairs Syed Ali Zaidi said that Prime Minister Khan is arriving in Karachi with a “good news.” Talking to media at the airport, the minister said that Karachi’s development is on top of the PTI government’s agenda, adding that the PM will arrive in the city with a good news. STAFF REPORT

Mazari regrets world’s silence over Indian atrocities in IoK Human Rights Minister Dr Shireen Mazari on Saturday expressed concern over the "oppression faced by innocent civilians due to atrocities committed by Indian forces in occupied Kashmir". "Violence demonstrated against citizens of occupied Kashmir by Indian forces is nothing new. The Indian army commits such acts every single day," she remarked. However, the "world's silence against human rights violations carried out by India is regrettable", she added. She urged the government to raise the issue of state aggression shown towards Kashmiris before the United Nations, also highlighting the need to draft a policy in the matter. NEwS DESk


CMYK Sunday, 16 September, 2018

NEWS

PAKISTAN ProMISeS AfgHANISTAN PeACe ISLAMABAD

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MIAN ABRAR

AKISTAN is ready to play a constructive role in facilitating an Afghan-led and Afghanowned peace process and reconciliation, Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi assured Afghan President Dr Ashraf Ghani on his first official visit to Kabul. The foreign minister was heading a high-level delegation during his day-long visit to war-torn Kabul wherein he called on President Ghani and Afghanistan Chief Executive Dr Abdullah Abdullah besides holding delegation-level talks with his Afghan counterpart, Salahuddin Rabbani. Speaking after the visit, FM Qureshi told journalists that his visit to Kabul was "very advantageous" and the "clouds of fear have faded away." Upon his arrival at the Presidential Palace, Qureshi was received by Afghan Foreign Minister Salahuddin Rabbani prior to his meeting with the Afghan president. The latter noted that establishing peace was as important for Pakistan as Afghanistan. "Our challenges are similar and we have to deal with them through mutual cooperation," Qureshi said. The Pakistani foreign minister further stated that there was a persistent need to focus on the working group in Afghanistan to move forward.

The foreign minister, during his engagements with the Afghan leadership, said that the new government considered its relations with Afghanistan “important” and would work towards further deepening cooperation in the fields of trade development and connectivity. In the context of enhancing trade between the two countries, Pakistan had decided to waive off regulatory duty on imports from Afghanistan. As a result, Afghan exports to Pakistan have recorded a substantial increase of 118 per cent in 2018. Qureshi underscored the importance of cooperation and coordination between the two countries in the areas of counterterrorism and security and offered to train Afghan police and law enforcement agencies in Pakistani institutions. Afghanistan-Pakistan Action Plan for Peace and Solidarity (APAPPS) provided most useful platform to deliver the objectives, he added. The foreign minister underlined the importance of frequent high-level engagements between the two countries that have contributed in building trust and improving mutual understanding and emphasised to maintain this upward trajectory in bilateral relations through more high-level visits during the upcoming months. He stated that Pakistan will fasttrack steps, including standardisation and automation of custom procedures, up-gradation of infrastructure at cross-

CJP says kalabagh Dam up next after Diamer-bhasha completion LAHORE STAFF REPORT

Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Mian Saqib Nisar on Saturday said that the construction of Kalabagh Dam will be followed after the completion of DiamerBhasha project, adding that the former will be a “genuine guarantor of the country’s survival”. While addressing a ceremony in Lahore, he said, “After Diamer-Bhasha and Mohmand Dams, we would build Kalabagh Dam as well, if the nation stays united.” The chief justice said a plan to construct Kalabagh Dam was not abandoned, arguing that experts insisted in their research that its construction was not immediately possible. He resolved to run the dam fundraising campaign like a movement. “Initially, I had no idea this initiative will become a movement. Even Little children are do-

SouRCeS Say vISIt not SuCCeSSful aS both CountRIeS faIleD to make bReakthRough on SeveRal ISSueS

File Photo

ing points between the two countries. For the second phase of 3,000 scholarships, more than 620 scholarships have already been granted and Afghan students would start their semester next fall. The foreign minister handed over a letter from the prime minister addressed to the president marking the first consignment of 40,000 tonnes of wheat gifted to the Afghan people. NO SUCCESS: Though the Kabul visit is being deemed successful, but sources privy to the development disagree. They said President Ghani was not in a position

nating for this cause. The army chief gave us a big donation of more than one billion rupees,” he said. The CJP said a group of transgenders donated Rs0.1 million on Friday and he will like to give Rs0.1 million as an encouragement for their spirit. “So, this will make Rs 0.2 million donation on their behalf,” he said. He said about he came across the issue of water scarcity in Quetta around four to five months ago. “The issue of drought would have gravely perilous consequences and there’s only one solution to cope with this situation that we build more dams,” the CJP suggested. “Scores of people will have to migrate from Quetta if the issue of water scarcity persists,” he warned. CJP Nisar mentioned that the Akhuwat organisation also donated Rs1 million for the dams. DAMS FUND: The Diamer-Bhasha and Mohmand Dams Fund was established by the state bank on the

to agree to any of the proposals as his government was paralysed by the opposition. Moreover, both governments failed to reach any breakthrough with regard to the formation of working groups, a total of 5, after the intervention of China. After Afghanistan had shown reluctance to join the groups, Pakistan proposed government-to-government contact on three groups, including refugees, military and intelligence, but Qureshi’s visit failed to accomplish anything in this regard as well. Also, the issue of Pakistan’s consulate in Jalalabad remained unsolved as

directions of the Supreme Court. All the commercial and micro-finance banks, and field offices of SBP Banking Services Corporation have opened the fund account to receive donations in cash, and through cheques, pay orders and demand drafts at all their branches across the country. The donors can also make online donations to the fund through internet banking, automatic teller machines (ATM) and other alternate delivery channels (ADC) using IBAN of their respective bank. The banks have sent the IBAN of the fund account to their clients through SMS alerts, while the bank-wise list of IBAN is also available at the SBP’s web page. Citizens can also donate Rs10 to the CJP’s dam fund by typing “dam” and sending the SMS to 8000 which will deduct the amount from the phone’s credit. The donations can also be made through credit/debit cards from anywhere in the world by clicking the “Online collections for Supreme Court Diamer Bhasha & Mohamand Dams Fund” on the SBP’s web page. The overseas Pakistanis having PKR accounts in their home country can also make donations in the fund through the internet banking facility of their respective banks.

Kulsoom’s Rasm-e-Qul today as Sharif family asks nation to hold Quran Khawani nawaz vISItS wIfe’S gRave along wIth motheR

both parties failed to reach any agreement in this regard. During the talks, Afghan peace process also remained a distant dream as Taliban have refused to hold talks with Ghani’s government. Talking to Pakistan Today, Afghan affairs expert Kazim Ali Gulzari said that the visit was symbolic by all means as Dr Ghani was no more in a position to deliver goods either to Pakistan or any other regional country. “Dr Ghani’s legitimacy is already under question as Afghan Taliban have refused to talk to him claiming that Dr Ghani is not a legitimate president. Taliban, instead, have asked for direct talks with the US,” he added. Gulzari further said that Dr Ghani stands further weakened after most of his comrades, including his first vice president, have joined the Grand National Coalition (GNC) – an alliance of 28 opposition parties including former President Hamid Karzai. “The Grand National Coalition demanded the registration of the voters using biometrics system while monitoring of the elections process is also among the key demands of the political parties, and if there demands are not met, they will resist any bid to hold general elections. Today, GNC already closed three IEC offices in Balkh, Helmand and Kandahar,” he said, adding that a falling regime in Kabul can deliver nothing to Pakistan.

Punjab govt challenges lHC’s verdict on fee hike LAHORE APP

The Supreme Court (SC) on Saturday admitted an appeal, filed by the Punjab government, against the Lahore High Court’s verdict in private schools’ fee case, and issued notices to the parties. The court also appointed Ashtar Ausaf as an amicus curie in the matter. The SC bench, headed by Chief Justice of Pakistan Mian Saqib Nisar, heard the matter at the Supreme Court Lahore Registry. A full LHC bench had struck down complete bar on increase in fee for academic years 2015-16 and 2017-18 at the rate of five and eight per cent, respectively.

CourT dIreCTS AyyAN AlI To APPeAr AloNg wITH BAIl BoNdS RAWALPINDI STAFF REPORT

LAHORE STAFF REPORT

Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PMLN) President Shehbaz Sharif on Saturday said that those who wished to participate in the Rasm-e-Qul of former premier Nawaz Sharif’s wife, Begum Kulsoom Nawaz, should organise Quran Khawani and Dua in their respective cities. Speaking to a private media outlet, Shehbaz said that only family members would participate in the Rasm-e-Qul on Sunday (today) to save general public and party sympathisers from any difficulties and distress. He also thanked political leaders, party workers and people for attending the funeral prayers of the late Begum Kulsoom and said the prayers of the nation had fortified the entire Sharif family in this hour of grief.

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Meanwhile, former prime minister Nawaz Sharif, along with his mother, visited Begum Kulsoom’s grave in Jati Umra and offered Fateha there. Kulsoom Nawaz had passed away

in London on September 11 after a yearlong battle with cancer. Her Rasm-eQul is to be held in Jati Umra on Sunday during Asr and Maghrib. Pakistan People’s Party (PPP)

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Chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari and former president Asif Ali Zardari will also be visiting Nawaz along with a party delegation to offer their condolences at the occasion.

A special court on Saturday directed supermodel Ayyan Ali to register appearance before the court along with bail bonds on October 6. As the hearing starts, Ayyan’s counsel presented medical report and sought immunity from appearance. Upon this, the court warned against incessant absence and directed to present model girl along with bail bonds on October 6. The court further warned that if Ayyan fails in registering appearance, nonbailable arrest warrants would be issued. The supermodel has been the focus of media attention when authorities nabbed her at the VIP lounge of the Benazir Bhutto International Airport in Islamabad. Under law, no one can carry over $10,000 on a flight, but authorities found $506,800 tucked in her luggage. She was released on bail in July and her lawyer said that she had no intention to take money outside Pakistan. The model has maintained that the money was solely her since the arrest.


04 KARACHI

Sunday, 16 September 2018

WEATHER UPDATES SUNDAY

310C

230C

MONDAY

310C 230C

TUESDAY

310C 230C

WEDNESDAY

300C 230C

Thousands of absenT docTors geTTing paid as usual AS mAny AS 7,376 doCtorS Are on leAve for PASt few yeArS Karachi

a

AFTAb ChANNA

S many as 7,376 doctors who are working in the Sindh government’s health facilities under the administrative control of health department have been ‘missing’ since past couple of years, while they are getting their salaries, as usual, Pakistan Today learnt on Saturday. According to sources, the number is much higher than the mentioned however the health department has issued a last warning to some 7,376 doctors who are missing for many years. “These doctors are on long leaves/working abroad on heavy salaries and the majority of them are working in the Gulf countries”, sources alleged.

In this regard, Section Officer (Automation) Ali Dars forwarded a letter No E&A (H)(G)/MISC/2018 to the Health Services director general with a list of 7,376 doctors with their credentials for further perusal. “It is stated that the schedule timeline for collecting verifying data of employees of health department has been finally extended up to30.9.2018”, the letter said. “The employees of health department who have not appeared for biometric verification are advised to appear for biometric verification at automation unit situated at 6th floor health department, Sindh Secretariat Karachi up to 30.9.2018, no further date will be extended, if after completion of deadline, the employees do not report, disciplinary proceeding will be initiated against them with the stoppage of salary”, the letter added. “It is, therefore, requested to please direct and ensure that all remaining staff working under your jurisdiction and other health facilities/offices should appear as per given deadline without fail”, the letter concluded.

SHC summons revenue officials over alleged allocation of govt land hYDEraBaD STAFF REPORT

The Sindh High Court has put the officials of Mirpurkhas’ Land Utilisation and District Administration on notice in a petition pertaining to allocation of 78 acres government land for a housing society. According to details, the officials of District Administration Mirpurkhas during the hearing pleaded the court to vacate the June, 2017, stay against Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto Township. They said the township was being established to provide housing facility to the poor people. However, the petitioner’s counsel advocate Ali Palh opposed the prayer while point-

ing out that 78 acres of land being taken for the township belonged to the Sindh Horticulture Research Institute. Palh said if the government wanted to establish the township it could select other available government land in the district. He informed the court that the land was part of some 282 acres of land owned by the institute. The lawyer added that the institute conducts research and grows fruits and vegetables on that land. According to him, 120 varieties of mangoes had been grown on 70 acres and other fruits on another 37 acres while the vegetable research centre utilized 51 acres and a livestock research centre 24 acres, among other uses of the land. The SHC adjourned the hearing till first week of October.

‘Human rights without implementation hold no purpose’ Karachi PPI

Federal Minister for Law and Justice Barrister Dr Muhammad Farogh Naseem has said that the human rights without enforcement are just confined to law books and the bar and bench should play their due role for practical enforcement of laws. Speaking as a chief guest at the third National Judicial Conference, organised by Justice Helpline at a local hotel, he said it is the responsibility of the bar and bench to ensure that the citizens are getting their basic rights as guaranteed by the constitution of Pakistan. He said there are some complaints from bar associations about the behavior of judges. He

advised the bar associations to pass resolution against such incidents. He said the judicial accountability is joint responsibility of bar and bench. He suggested that there should be proper video recording of every court proceedings so that such complaints could be easily resolved. Speaking on the occasion, Attorney General of Pakistan Anwar Mansoor Khan said governance is amongst the major issues of the country. He said the country is not only facing economic problems, but also needs issues in education, judicial matters, policing and other sectors. He said we do have good and competent people, but the society as a whole lacks good governance. He said we often focus on individual benefits, ignoring the collective benefits of society.

KARACHI: Citizens enjoy the weather at Sea View on Saturday. ONLINE

President Alvi visits Quaid’s mausoleum Karachi STAFF REPORT

President Dr Arif Alvi on Saturday visited the Quaid-e-Azam Mausoleum in order to pay homage to the Father of the Nation. He was accompanied by Sindh Governor Imran Ismail and Sindh Minister for Local Government Saeed Ghani. The president laid a floral wreath at Quaid’s mausoleum, offered Fateha and prayed for the prosperity and progress of the country. He also inked his remarks on the visitors’ book. He is scheduled to meet the city elders in the evening.

After assuming office, this is his first visit to the city. He arrived in Karachi on Friday night and was received by Sindh Chief Minister Murad Ali Shah, Governor Imran Ismail and other significant personalities. It was reported that instead of travelling from Pakistan International Airlines (PIA), he preferred a private flight for his journey and was taken to his residence in Muhammad Ali society from the airport’s VIP lounge. The president reportedly picked up his own luggage from the conveyor belt at the airport and also queued to board the airplane rather

Police crack down on street criminals The Karachi police on Saturday executed a new plan to clamp down on street criminals, a private media outlet reported. With the help of Close Circuit Television (CCTV) cameras, the police claimed an arrest of at least 40 criminals involved in 18 robberies and thefts within one week. Karachi Additional Inspector General Ameer Sheikh told a private media channel that the CCTV footages are being used as an important tool to identify street criminals. In district west, at least 13 involved in five incidents of street crimes and robberies were arrested. Similarly, seven criminals involved in three robberies in the district east, five involved in three incidents in Korangi district, two involved in three robberies in the district south, and two involved in a theft incident in district central were arrested with the help of footage from surveillance cameras. NEwS DESk

than opting for VIP facilities. Earlier, it was reported that despite refusing to accept protocol, his caravan included at least 42 vehicles. Moreover, Shahrah-e-Faisal and other adjacent roads were closed for traffic. President Arif Alvi on Saturday clarified that he was given a VIP protocol from the airport to his residence despite his request to not be given a “huge protocol”. His comment came after a video made rounds on social media of the president who was being accompanied by over two dozen cars from Karachi airport.

NAB starts probe against NICVD, summons concerned officials The National Accountability Bureau (NAB) Karachi on Saturday initiated an inquiry against the National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD) over corruption charges and ordered the concerned officials to appear on Monday along with all relevant records. According to a letter by NAB to the NICVD executive director, the accountability body has initiated an inquiry against the officers and officials of NICVD Karachi and others under Section 19 read with 27 of National Accountability Ordinance of 1999. It emerged that during the inquiry that the executive director of NICVD was in “pos-

session of information/evidence whatsoever, which relates to the commission of the offence(s)”, the letter reads. Moreover, the accountability bureau has sought complete record in original and certified copies of the record including structural information of NICVD, the history and Act under which NICVD works, year-wise sanctioned strength and appointments made in different cadres including regular, contractual, contingency and daily wages based posts the during last 10 years, details of appointments in different cadres the during last 10 years, pay structure of different grades and other details. NEwS DESk

Health dept to recruit people on merit, says minister Karachi STAFF REPORT

Health Minister Dr Azra Pechuho on Saturday said that no political or referencebased recruitment will be made in her department in the future and transparent system will be introduced soon for hiring staff on merit. She made these statements while talking to the media during her visit to

Dow University of Health Sciences (DUHS). DUHS Vice Chancellor Dr Saeed Quraishy, Pro-Vice Chancellor Dr Zarnaz WVice-Chancelloric Medicine Department head Prof Mukarram Ali were also present on this occasion. Pechuho said a competency test would be conducted for the posts of district health officers (DHO) and medical superintendents (MS) through DUHS. This was the first visit of Pechuho after

assuming charge as health minister. She stated, “I will work for further improvement of the campus by providing the latest facilities and advanced medical education. The upgradation of the Skills Lab and other projects of Dow University will be accelerated now,” she added. She said due to successful polio campaigns in the province, there has not been any reported case of polio

CMYK

since January 2018 while five cases of polio have been reported during that time Balochistan and KP. She said that induction at Civil Hospital and Trauma Center will be completed soon as due to lack of specialized faculty and doctors, people were not provided with adequate healthcare facilities. In an answer regarding the lack of lady medico-legal officers (MLO), she

said that the medical officers (MO) at government hospitals could deal medicolegal cases, thus, there must not be any issues regarding this. She further said, “I feel pleasure while visiting DUHS and is glad to see a large number of female students.” She opined that females of Pakistan seem to have accepted the challenge to be professional while fulfilling their duties at home.


WORLD VIEW 05

Sunday, 16 September, 2018

Understanding Wahhabism and salafism EXCERPTED FROM ‘THE SAUDI TERROR MACHINE: THE TRUTH ABOUT RADICAL ISLAM AND SAUDI ARABIA REVEALED’ BY PIERRE CONESA salon

a

Pierre Conesa

lTHoUGH the Kingdom [of Saudi Arabia] had decided to use the term “Salafism” instead of “Wahhabism,” the question of the distinction between the two ideologies remained relevant. The internal debate has taken place in the West on whether to use the term Salafism (whether jihadist or not) more readily than Wahhabism. This was syntactically legitimate, because Salafism meant orthodoxy and orthopraxy. But it was less so politically. Making the connection between the two religious practices would mean holding Saudi Arabia responsible for the spread of Salafism, which Western leaders have always proscribed. However, the two are ideologically identical, as we shall try to demonstrate. According to some authors, Wahhabism is the strictest Saudi form of Salafism, supported by active and diligent leaders who use their considerable financial resources to promote this conception of Islam throughout the world. other scholars, like Stéphane lacroix, differentiate between the old form of Salafism (called Wahhabism) and the new Salafism, called neo-fundamentalism: “As opposed to Wahhabism, Salafism refers . . . to all the hybridization that has taken place since the 1960s between the teachings of Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab and other schools of Islamic thought.” Hamid Algar and Khaled Abu El Fadl affirmed that during the 1960s and 1970s, Wahhabists knew that they could not “spread in the modern Muslim world” in the form propounded by the Saudi regime and, therefore, that a new qualifier was necessary. Ahmad Moussalli categorized Wahhabism as a subset of Salafism, declaring that “As a general rule, all Wahhabis are Salafists, but not all Salafists are Wahhabis.” In the one-step-forward one-step-backward competition between these two schools based on a nostalgic return to the dreamt golden age of the Prophet (PBUH), one can say that Salafism is the most modern form as it has managed to disseminate itself in countries and categories that Wahhabism had never managed to reach. Gilles Kepel observed that the European Salafists he had met in the 1980s were totally apolitical. Then, in the mid-1990s, he noted that some were beginning to think that violent jihad was “justified in order to achieve their political goals” and concluded that the “combination of alienation practiced by the Salafists against everything non-Muslim in European society and violent jihad had created a

THESE TWO STRAINS OF ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALISM ARE IDEOLOGICALLY IDENTICAL, WHICH HASN’T STOPPED THEM FROM FEUDING volatile and explosive mixture that was more attractive than the propaganda of the old-generation Salafists, who were content with praying and fasting without taking action.” According to him, Jihadist Salafism combined “respect for the sacred texts in their most literal form . . . with an absolute monomania for jihad, whose primary target was America, perceived as the greatest enemy of the faith.” But in recent years, taking up the Wahhabist refrain once again, especially since the war in Syria and Iraq, jihad has been increasingly directed against the Shiites, bad Muslim rulers, Sufis and so on. Today, the term refers to a composite set of movements consisting of, in particular, quietist movements, activists advocating political action, jihadists, and former Muslim Brotherhood members who have shifted towards violence. “The theses of millenarian, misanthropic, untamed, warlike, antiChristian, anti-Semitic, and misogynist Islam are found in the raw state in Wahhabism,” wrote Hamadi Redissi. The theological proximity of foreign Salafist preachers trained in Saudi Arabia who continue to maintain their ties with their masters, often cited as references, is not surprising: Abdulaziz Ibn Baz, Muhammad Nasiruddin al-Albani, Safar al-Hawali and so on. If a fracture did take place, it was the one that emerged during the Gulf War around the issue of the call to Western armed forces to defend the land of the Holy Shrines. This issue will be discussed in greater detail in the following chapters. However, it did mark the end of a long process of crises between the ultra-legitimist tradition of the ulema loyal to the regime, along with some of its dissident members, with or without a jihadist past, and foreign scholarship students returning to their country. The most lucid of the ulema now recognize that ISIS or Daesh is a local by-product. The former Imam of the Great Mosque of Mecca, Al-Kalbani, stated in the New York Times in November 2015, that “Daesh adopted the Salafist ideology. It is not the ideology of the Muslim Brotherhood, Qutbism, or Asharis . . . Daesh drew its ideology from our books, our principles . . . We follow the same road, but take a different path.” If the semantics used in the countries concerned by Saudi religious foreign policy were to be analyzed, it would emerge that the terms used do not seek to differentiate between Salafism and Wahhabism on religious grounds, but rather in diplomatic terms, depending on the concerned country’s relations of dependence vis-à-vis the Saudi regime. Hence, in

Russia, it is Wahhabism, while in Kyrgyzstan, it is Salafism and definitely not Wahhabism. Therefore, it is the Salafist conception that is examined here, which olivier Roy called “neo-fundamentalism” in his various works, including “Globalized Islam.” The two characteristic elements are theological scripturalism and hatred of the West’s cultural values, to which must be added a delegitimization denouncing all other forms of religious thought. The Wahhabi and Salafist ideologies are impossible to distinguish today, which does not prevent them from rivaling or even battling each other. More than religious formalism, social control, anti-occidentalism and the explicit legitimization of violence are quite similar in the texts of both movements, but there are two radical political and religious differences that fundamentally oppose them. First of all is the idea of the restoration of the Caliphate, inaccessible to the Sauds, which would delegitimize their position as “Custodians of the Holy Shrines.” Secondly, the establishment of a real Islamic territory, different from the existing Muslim states, whose national identities the Salafists refuse to recognize. POLITICAL IDEOLOGY: ACCORDING TO A FRENCH MUSLIM: “Wahhabism is the Muslim form of religious totalitarianism,” as one French Muslim theologian, who wished to remain anonymous, told me. like all sects that accuse other religions of being “sects,” Wahhabi–Salafism describes other expressions of Islam as sectarian practices: “I call myself a Salafist to distinguish myself from all misguided sects who call themselves Muslims,” said one of the interlocutors to Samir Amghar. The Sacred Book is read and commented to the exclusion of any later contribution, in particular Islam’s legal schools. It is conceived as a collection of social codes providing an answer for everything. Theological principles are simplified to the extreme: the oneness of God; the rejection of any other legal school and of ecumenism of any kind. In both camps, attacks against other practices of Islam are constant. Wahhabism rejected the influences of Sufism, which dominated in the Balkans, Turkey, Central Asia, India, Malaysia and Indonesia. The same behavior can be seen in the Salafist Jihadists, for example in Nigeria, Mali and Senegal. Where violence has spread, Salafists have targeted traditional religious leaders first. Proof of this can be found in the assassination of Imam

Sahraoui by the GIA in Algeria, or the attacks against the Sayyeds in Yemen, despite their being descendants of the Prophet (PBUH). The highly ritualistic Salafists are very anxious to differentiate themselves through their daily gestures: always use three fingers to eat, drink water in three stages with the right hand during meals, do not blow on tea to cool it, use the right hand while sitting down. The quarrel over “crossed arms” during prayers, which, for a time, tore Côte d’Ivoire’s Muslim community apart, illustrates this kind of rigorism. It set those who prayed with crossed arms on their breasts against those who prayed with outstretched arms, each claiming that they knew the Prophet’s (PBUH) habits better. As with any proper radicalism (secular or religious), theological quarrels include a competition for leadership. Since the Wahhabis refused to be challenged by the “Tablighi” (a traditionalist religious conception of Islam from India), Grand Mufti Ibn Baz declared that “The Tablighi Jamaat, which is of Indian origin, is full of fables, innovations, and forms of polytheism . . . following them is not allowed.” WHAT ABOUT HUMAN RIGHTS? Would the religious system allow change? That may seem doubtful if you read Sheikh Muqbil’s sermon: “Why do we forbid elections? We forbid them because they give Yemeni non-believers the same rights as Muslims.” Saudi Arabia has formally acceded to the major international conventions on the protection of human rights: The Rights of the Child (1996); Against Torture (1997); Women’s Rights (2000); Trafficking of Migrants (2002), etc. But it considers it its right to apply them only if these texts are not considered contrary to the Sharia — needless to say, none of them is complied with. As for slavery, has it been abolished — or rather, modernized? According to the CIA’s “World Factbook”: “Saudi Arabia is a destination country for men and women subjected to forced labor and, to a lesser extent, forced prostitution; men and women from South and South-East Asia . . . who voluntarily travel to Saudi Arabia as domestic servants or lowskilled laborers subsequently face conditions of involuntary servitude, including nonpayment and withholding of passports. Saudi Arabia does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and is not making efforts to do so.” The most basic rights of Saudi citizens are flouted. For instance, Raif Badawi, a young Saudi blogger, was sentenced to 1,000 lashes and 10 years in prison for criticizing the role played by the religious police. Ali Mohammed al-Nimr was sentenced to be beheaded and crucified and finally publicly exposed “until his flesh rotted.” In 2012, when he was only 17 years old, he had taken part in a protest against the regime in the Shiite region of Qatif. The Saudi authorities also accused him of being a “terrorist” and alleged that he had thrown Molotov cocktails at the police. The young man was also unlucky enough to be the nephew of the Shiite dignitary Al-Nimr, who was himself sentenced to death and executed on Jan. 3, 2016.

Lean, mean military? IT IS WORTHWHILE RECALLING THE TESTIMONY OF THE ARMY TO PARLIAMENT’S STANDING COMMITTEE ON DEFENCE EARLIER THIS YEAR THAT SOME 68% OF THE ARMY’S EQUIPMENT HOLDINGS BELONG TO THE ‘VINTAGE’ CATEGORY, 24% CURRENT AND 8% STATE OF THE ART

Times of india Manoj joshi

As his term winds down, army chief Bipin Rawat has discovered the huge agenda he should have known about at the outset – the need to restructure and reform his force. All this while Rawat was busy fighting other enemies, some real and others imaginary. But a recent report says that he has, at last, called for studies to prepare the army for 21st century conflict. As part of this the army envisages a cut of some 1,50,000 troops, beginning with a cut of one-third within two years. Some of these would involve cutting and merging existing departments at the army HQ, but others could involve cuts in support units like Signals and Supply Corps. The army, reports say, hopes for a saving of Rs 5,000 crore to Rs 7,000 crore that could be used to boost its capital budget to buy new equipment. All this sounds nice, but is easier said than done. Such ideas are neither new nor remarkable. In August 2017 the defence ministry had announced it

was “redeploying” 57,000 personnel following recommendations of the Shekatkar Committee, set up to suggest measures to enhance the army’s combat potential and constrain its revenue expenditure. In 1998, the army reduced its recruitment so as to cut its numbers by 50,000, with the hope that the expected saving of Rs 600 crore would help to buy new equipment. But, to its chagrin, it found that the government simply pocketed the money and there was no bonus in the 1999 budget. As for restructuring, in the early 2000s, when the army formulated its Cold Start Doctrine, it envisaged the reconfiguring of its divisions and corps into agile integrated battle groups (IBGs) which would be roughly the strength of a brigade. These groups were to comprise an armoured regiment, two mechanised infantry regiments, an artillery battalion, specialised units for Intelligence Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance (ISTR), electronic warfare (EW) and aviation. But, just as Cold Start was quietly put on the backburner, so was the idea of IBGs, though modern warfare needs such reorganisation regardless of doctrine. Now presumably the army wants to revive these ideas. The suggestions that cuts will take place in Signals and Supply units actually goes against the grain of modern warfare, which emphasises quick moving forces and long range precision strikes enabled by specialised ISTR, EW and logistics units. Modern militaries have actually seen a reduction of traditional infantry and combat roles for soldiers and

an expansion of the roles of laptop warriors – geospatial imagery analysts, GIS entry specialists, IT specialists, cyber network defenders, linguists, to name but a few areas. Two issues stand out here. First, there is no guarantee that the army’s savings will be given back to them. In India money is retained in the Consolidated Fund, and whatever is saved or left over, goes back into it. It’s not as though the money “belonged” to the army. The government would have to re-appropriate the alleged savings through the Union Budget process. Going by past experience, that is unlikely to happen. The second is that reducing numbers does not necessarily translate into reducing expenditure. Indeed, in the short run, it will be the other way around.

The reason is that there is need to invest in getting higher quality personnel, pay to train them into their new jobs and re-equip the army with an entire new range of weapons and systems. And before we go too far, it is worthwhile recalling the testimony of the army to Parliament’s Standing Committee on Defence earlier this year that some 68% of the army’s equipment holdings belong to the “vintage” category, 24% current and 8% state of the art. A modern, war winning military needs to be state of the art in every dimension – doctrine, organisation, equipment and quality of its personnel. The writer is a Distinguished Fellow, Observer Research Foundation.


06 NEWS

Sunday, 16 September, 2018

SC SeekS input from govtS, high CourtS on judiCial reformS a

DMITTING that the judicial system of the country is riddled with delays, the Supreme Court (SC) has solicited replies from the national and provincial governments, high courts and superior bar associations about the proposed six steps to end delays in the civil justice system. The court was hearing a case on a petition seeking reforms by amending the existing the high court rules. The case was heard by a three-judge bench of the court headed by Chief Justice Mian Saqib Nisar. The six areas in which replies were sought included framing of high court rules, reinterpretation of civil procedure code, publishing relevant judicial data/statistics, formulating a new judicial policy, enforcement of the law of costs, and enforcement of anti-perjury laws.

Argument between PIA captain, cabin crew delays flight to London LAHORE: An argument between a Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) pilot and cabin crew became the reason for a three-hour long delay in a flight to London. The flight captain refused to fly with one particular steward on board as he was involved in a flight smuggling case. This did not go down well with other crew members who decided to disregard the captain’s hesitance. The cabin crew protested against the captain’s decision and refused to fly if the steward was disembarked. The flight PK-757 was scheduled to leave at 9:30 am but departed at 12:30 pm. Passengers present in the flight protested against the delay but were ignored by the airline staff. STAFF REPORT

171,237 positions vacant in federal govt, autonomous organisations The Establishment Division in its statistical bulletin about federal government employees and its autonomous bodies for 2016-17, as many as 171,237 posts are currently vacant, almost 18 per cent of the total sanctioned strength of the departments and bodies. According to a local media report, the total sanctioned strength of about 1.13 million (1,137,843 to be exact) and said that 966,606 employees were working against these posts, showing a shortfall of about 18pc. The bulletin showed that 488,667 sanctioned posts of autonomous bodies and corporations included 76,544 meant for officers in BS-17 and above and 412,123 staff below grade-17. The total number of vacant posts in these bodies stood at 92,614 including 8,047 officers and 84,567 staff. NEWS DESK

900 dismissed PIA employees reinstated after stay orders LAHORE: As many as 900 Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) employees have been reinstated following stay orders. The employees had been terminated after various accusations had surfaced. The accusations include cases of fake degrees, fraud and absence. As many as 388 employees had been sacked for allegedly possessing fake degrees while 94 employees had been sacked for reasons pertaining to fraud and forgery. The National Industrial Relation Commission and various courts have ordered the stay orders. The reinstated employees belong to various PIA departments including engineering, finance and flight service. Former PIA chief operations officer (COO) Zia Qadir Qureshi has also reportedly tried to get a stay order after he was sacked last month. STAFF REPORT

“Justice delayed is justice denied,” the CJP remarked during the hearing, admitting the lacunas that exist in the judicial system. Earlier, the petitioner proposed that procedural rules needed to be framed for things like stage-wise time-lines for completion of different categories of suits, rules for judge-driven case Management, rules for enforcement of costs and antiperjury laws, and rules for bench constitution and case fixation. It further stated that the framing of procedural rules was the responsibility of high court under Article 202 of the Constitution while the Supreme Court can only monitor and supervise the functioning of the high courts under Article 184(3). The petition requested for the directions of top court to high courts to frame

all necessary rules. It also requested for direction to National Judicial Policy Making Committee (NJPMC) to consider the rules framed by the various High Courts and promote unification. Meanwhile, ministry of law and justice, under the supervision of Dr Muhammad Farogh Naseem, in accordance with the prime minister’s 100 days’ agenda, has finalised the Mutual Legal Assistance (MLA) Bill and shared with the FIA, NAB and interior ministry for their review. A meeting for the review of MLA draft bill will be held early next week to ascertain the comments of aforesaid stakeholders, said a statement issued by law ministry. Despite the passage of nine years the previous governments failed to enact legislation for a mutual legal system regime. NEWS DESK

‘Leaked’ itinerary could put PM’s life at risk ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

The security code of conduct to protect the life of Prime Minister Imran Khan was breached when a notification of his upcoming day’s schedule was made public on the social media. A notification titled ‘Prime Minister’s Tentative Programme’ for September 16 (Sunday), 2018, was leaked to the media which unveiled all the activities, meetings and engagements of the government’s senior-most leader. Moreover, the letter also noted how the premier had planned to reach his destinations, either by helicopter or road. PM Khan’s schedule included his departure and arrival in Karachi, meetings with Sindh chief minister and governor, visit to the Mazar-e-Quaid and other public places. The premier was also scheduled to speak on the phone with ARY CEO Salman Iqbal and par-

ticipate in a fundraising dinner, according to the letter. The entire day’s plan of the oneday visit to Karachi and the return to Islamabad was written on a piece of paper which should be treated as a security breach as making such sen-

sitive information public could risk the life of the premier. Strict security codes are usually practiced for the protection of prime minister while recent threats to PM Khan call for extraordinary measures. In August, it was reported that at

least nine suspected terrorists were held by security agencies from the adjoining areas of Bani Gala, before and after the July 25 polls. According to reports, the terrorists, who had reached the federal capital from Afghanistan, had planned to target the newly-elected prime minister, as well as other major political players. Sheltering in a safe house in the suburban areas of Islamabad, the terrorists were in continuous contact with their network in Afghanistan until they were arrested in separate raids carried out by security agencies. Arms and explosives were also recovered from their possession. In view of the threats, all potential targets, including Prime Minister Imran Khan, were informed and their security detail was enhanced. It was amid these threats that PM Khan announced residing at the military secretary’s annex located in the Prime Minister House colony.

Govt likely to appoint PM’s friend Sahibzada Jahangir as envoy to UK

Govt decides to abolish budgetary allocations for ‘gifts’

precedents of political appointees representing Pakistan at high commissions and embassies overseas and Sahibzada Jahangir could be the ideal choice for the post. He is reportedly supported and trusted by the senior PTI leadership. SAHIBZADA JAHANGIR: Jahangir is the elder brother of former PTI leader Fauzia Kasuri and is a respected member of the British-Pakistani community who helped PM Khan form the party and funded it at its inception. He has held various assignments in the UK, chairman of Imran Khan secretariat, senior adviser to PTI chairman on investments and head of PTI UK and Europe. He has served as a senior advisor to the PTI chairman on foreign trade, investment and development. Generally considered as the face of PTI in the UK, he has been travelling extensively in the UK and Europe to hold party meetings. He has also travelled with Imran Khan all over the world for Shaukat Khanum Cancer Hospital fundraising. Moreover, he is considered a close ally of Aneel Musarrat, a member of the premier's task force on building 5 million homes. NEWS DESK

The Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) government has decided in principle to put an end to budgetary allocation of around Rs516 million for gifts and entertainment, according to a report in the local media. The proposal to abolish the fund was floated during the recent cabinet meeting and the members decided in unison to stop the practice. This allocation had been made by the previous Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) government, which was later approved by parliament. Of the Rs 516 allocation, Rs3.5 million had been fixed under the head of entertainment and gifts at the disposal of the Prime Minister House. The cabinet was informed that the Finance Division had been directed to work out in detail the funding for ministries and divisions that could be termed discretionary and present it before the cabinet within a week. In his first address as premier on August 19, PM Imran had said the country would begin an austerity drive to reduce debt, a campaign he kick-started by announcing to sell his office’s fleet of bullet-proof cars. Khan set out his vision for a “New Pakistan” and spoke at length about the need to reshape the country by introducing an Islamic welfare system, reducing poverty and slashing high debt levels. “No country can prosper like this. A country must stand on its own feet.” NEWS DESK

INCUMBENT HC SAHEBZADA AHMED KHAN HAS BEEN SUMMONED AT FO OVER 'INAPPROPRIATE BEHAVIOUR' AT LONDON EVENT The Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) government is likely to appoint Sahibzada Jahangir, a close friend of Prime Minister Imran Khan, as Pakistan’s High Commissioner to the United Kingdom (UK) after the incumbent envoy, Sahebzada Ahmed Khan, has been told to report to the Foreign Office on misconduct charges, media reports said on Saturday. According to reports, Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi has directed Sahebzada Ahmed Khan to report at the Foreign Office in Islamabad after an “irresponsible activity” at an awards ceremony. Sahebzada Ahmed Khan took charge in London as Pakistan’s High Commissioner around two months ago. He was reportedly involved in inappropriate actions during an awards show, which was attended by a large number of Pakistani celebrities. The incident took place during a local media outlet's event held at London's O2 Arena on September 9,

wherein the diplomat was called on stage to announce the winner of an award category. In a video clip that was shared on social media, the UK envoy's actions raised concerns in the Foreign Office. The foreign minister said, "I am dismayed by the actions of our High Commissioner to the UK and have asked him to return to Pakistan and provide an explanation for his behaviour at the IPPA awards held in London, directing him to return to the homeland to submit his explanation." ‘PM’S ALLY TO BE REPLACEMENT’: According to the report, the PTI government is likely to appoint Sahibzada Jahangir as Pakistan’s high commissioner to the UK as he “understands the vision of Imran Khan well and his posting at the important station like London could help Imran Khan’s government at a time when relations with America have frozen but ties with Britain remain cordial.” The report said that there are

CMYK


Sunday, 16 September, 2018

NEWS

PM Khan vows to strengthen local govt system ISLAMABAD: Prime Minister Imran Khan on Saturday said that Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) believed in the transfer of powers to the grassroots level, “which was only possible by strengthening the local government system.” “Empowered people in a local government system can be the best form of the government,” the premier said while chairing a meeting regarding the local government system in the federal capital. PM Khan said that people should be allowed to take decisions on their own and a revised local government system would be made functional based on the pattern implemented in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP). “People will be strengthened by empowering the local bodies,” the prime minister said. STAFF REPORT

pakiStan down to 150th Spot in human development index p

akistan has gone down one place, from 149 to 150th spot, in the latest human development index (HDI) ranking issued by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Giving Pakistan an HDI value of 0.562, the report found that the life expectancy at birth in the country is 66.6 years while expected years of schooling are 8.6. Pakistan’s gross national income (GNI) per capita was said to be $5,311. Pakistan was ranked among the countries with medium human development. It is worth mentioning that Pakistan was ranked 149 in the UNDP report of 2016. In other South Asian countries, India ranked at 130 on the index; Bangladesh: 136; Sri Lanka: 76; Maldives: 101; Nepal: 149, and Bhutan 130. Oil-rich Norway, Switzerland, Australia, Ireland and Germany led the ranking, while Niger, the Central African Republic, South Sudan, Chad and Burundi have the lowest scores in the HDI’s measurement of national achievements in health, education and income. Looking at the widening gap in real terms — both among and within countries — the report said that a child born

in Norway today – the country with the highest human development index (HDI) – can expect to live beyond the age of 82, and spend almost 18 years in school. But the same child, if born in Niger – the lowest HDI – can expect only to live to 60, with just five years of formal education. “While these statistics present a stark picture in themselves, they also speak to the tragedy of millions of individuals whose lives are affected by inequity and lost opportunities, neither of which are inevitable,” Achim Steiner, the Administrator of the UN Development Programme (UNDP), which released the report. Inequality occurs in many countries, including in some of the wealthiest ones, but it ends up taking a much bigger toll on countries with lower HDI levels; with low HDI countries losing almost a third of their human development capacity. For countries with a high HDI, the average loss is 11 per cent. The striking differences both within and among countries, are stifling progress and the trend can be seen again and again, according to UNDP. Inequality in all its forms and dimensions, between and within coun-

tries, limits people’s choices and opportunities, withholding progress, Selim Jahan, Director of the Human Development Report Office at UNDP, said. A key source of inequality within countries is the gap in opportunities, achievements and empowerment between women and men. On average, the HDI for women is 6 per cent lower than that for men, notes the report. And when women are working, their unemployment rates are 24 per cent higher than their male counterparts. Women globally also do much more unpaid domestic and care work than men. Furthermore, while there has been “laudable progress” in the number of girls attending school, there remain big differences in other key aspects of men and women’s lives “for instance labour force participation rates for women globally are lower than for men – 49 per cent, versus 75 per cent. “Women’s empowerment remains a particular challenge,” underscored UNDP. The Human Development Report 2018 update also shows tremendous variation between countries in quality of education, healthcare and many other key aspects of life. This quality-difference can be il-

Indian Army draws flak after soldiers drag citizen’s body in Kashmir Non-bailable arrest warrants out for MQM's Babar Ghauri KARACHI: A court on Saturday issued non-bailable arrest warrants for Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) leader Babar Khan Ghauri after the National Accountability Bureau (NAB) filed a corruption reference against the former federal minister for ports and shipping. The NAB has opened an investigation into the alleged corruption of billions of rupees against the former MQM senator. Furthermore, former chairman of the Karachi Port Trust (KPT) Javaid Hanif and the names of eight others have also been included in the corruption reference. According to the reference, those named in the reference are accused of illegal appointments of 940 people in KPT causing losses amounting to Rs2.885 billion to the national exchequer. Ghauri had quit the MQM in 2017. STAFF REPORT

07

The Indian Army remained tightlipped on Saturday after a picture circulated on social media showed soldiers dragging the body of a Kashmiri citizen by his feet, Firstpost reported. The picture was taken after the occupying army killed a man in an alleged encounter in the Reasi district of Indian-occupied Kashmir. Activists in the region lambasted the Indian security forces for their barbaric behaviour on Twitter and circulated the disturbing image to highlight atrocities by the occupational forces. Kashmiri human rights Activist Khurram Parvez tweeted the picture saying it depicts the Indian army’s “human rights conduct”. Journalist Ahmed Fayyaz Ali condemned the brutal act, saying that it exceeded all codes of justice. Professor Hameedah Nayeem called it “the most barbaric conduct of the most professional army”. “Even the vilest person would respect the dead body. This conduct fetches awards and trophies in India! Any surprises?” she wrote.

In May 2017, an Indian army major was awarded the “Chief of Army Staff’s Commendation Card” after he used a civilian as a “human shield” against stone-pelting protesters.

Pakistan has made efforts on national and international forums to end the atrocities resulting in blood-shed and loss of lives, but no concrete end has been found. NEWS DESK

lustrated by looking at the number of students per teacher, in primary schools. Sub-Saharan Africa has, on average, 39 pupils per teacher while in developed regions, there is an average of one teacher for every 16-18 primary school pupils. Similar difference exists in terms of health care: OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) countries and East Asia and the Pacific have, on average, 29 and 28 physicians for every 10,000 people respectively. In South Asia overall, there are only eight per 10,000, falling to less than two, in Sub-Saharan Africa. Much of the world’s attention is on data that tells only a part of the story about people’s lives, said Mr Jahan, highlighting that it is clearly not enough simply to count how many children are in the classroom. The important dimension is to know whether they are learning anything. The report is 28th in a series which began in 1990. The first UNDP Human Development Report (HDR) was prepared and launched under the leadership of the late Dr Mahbubul Haq, a former Pakistan finance minister. NEWS DESK

Only 6,319 overseas Pakistanis register for i-voting in upcoming by-election The overseas Pakistanis have shown a lack of enthusiasm for i-voting in the upcoming by-election scheduled for October 14 as a mere 6,319 overseas Pakistanis have registered themselves as voters to vote for in 37 constituencies. According to data issued by the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP), so far 9,965 expatriate Pakistanis accessed the overseas system through the internet and created their accounts. Out of them, 6, 319 were registered as i-voters. The number of the expats who have registered themselves as of September 15 is far less than potential 732,000 voters who are eligible to vote in the by-polls through the internet. A day earlier, the ECP extended the deadline for the registration of overseas Pakistanis till 9:00 am on Monday to register as many voters as possible. The ECP earlier this week dismissed concerns over i-voting which will enable Pakistanis living abroad to vote in the by-elections scheduled to be held on October 14. Speaking at a press conference, ECP’s spokesperson Nadeem Qasim had rejected the claim that the commission was acting hastily to allow expatriate Pakistanis to exercise their right to franchise through the software. He said it was a right of the overseas Pakistani to vote and called on political parties to appreciate the electoral body’s efforts in this regard. Qasim said that foolproof voting system had been devised for the by-elections, adding that an awareness programme had also been started for overseas Pakistanis to educate them about i-voting. NEWS DESK

Health Ministry to constitute emergency nutrition task force ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

A meeting chaired by Minister for National Health Services Aamir Mehmood Kiyani on Saturday decided to constitute an emergency nutrition task force with the aim to eliminate child malnutrition. The meeting, attended by representatives from all provinces along with GilgitBaltistan and Azad Jammu & Kashmir agreed to form an ‘Emergency Nutrition Task Force’ with representation from provinces to overcome the problem of stunting and under-nutrition in the country. It was decided that the provinces will be given representation in the task force. The federal minister welcomed all the provincial ministers and secretaries attending the first meeting of ‘InterProvincial Health & Population Strategic Forum’ since the formation of new

government and said: “The priority of the present government is the welfare and improved health status of people of Pakistan. All of us have been mandated to serve the people and collectively we can achieve the result of ensuring good

quality health services to all”. All provincial ministers and secretaries agreed that health will be kept above political priorities and in the general interest of people. Reviewing the latest results in health

sector, the discussion focused around increasing number of measles cases in the country, challenges in the population sector, nutrition crisis in the country and need for a renewed strategic thought in the health sector, while respecting the

mandate of the provincial governments as a result of devolution. The status of preparations for the measles campaign was reviewed and all provincial ministers strived for 100 percent coverage in measles campaign. It was decided that highest political offices at the federal and provincial levels will be involved along with strong oversight and accountability mechanisms. Concerns were expressed on the high population growth rate in the country. A renewed priority especially to the lady health workers program and improved availability of services at the health facility level were mutually agreed. Provincial ministers commented that health workforce is critical factor for provision of quality health services and that the role of lady health workers, lady health visitors and nurses is of utmost importance.


08 COMMENT

Sunday, 16 September, 2018

Bureaucracy in a nutcracker Damned if it does, damned if it doesn’t

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OLITICIANS coming to power have frequently used bureaucrats to bend and break the laws to fulfill their wishes. This has led to grave social consequences. Honest government officers who were sidelined were demoralized. Corruption became rampant both among the politicians and of bureaucracy. While ministers used federal and provincial secretaries to carry out their illegal orders, the ruling party’s parliamentarians considered it their right to direct Deputy Commissioners and District Police Officers to appoint SHOs, Tehsildars and Patwaris of their own choice in their constituencies. This helped ruling party politicians to settle their scores with their political opponents and oblige their cronies. One cannot but support Imran Khan when he says that he wants to depoliticize the bureaucracy and ensure merit-based appointments. It was also commendable on the part of the Prime Minister to address a gathering of government servants on the issue. Bureaucracy however is one part of the problem while ruling party leaders are the other. There is an equally dire need to persuade the ruling party’s parliamentarians to abandon the culture of patronage. As things stand the PTI’s lawmakers and ministers continue to approach government servants to influence appointments and transfers in their constituencies. The government should have rewarded two Deputy Commissioners in Punjab who complained against the ruling party’s legislators seeking such appointments if it really wanted to depoliticize bureaucracy. They have instead been issued show cause notices prior to removal from service. A DPO summoned by Punjab Chief Minister for failing to oblige an influential person also faces disciplinary action. These actions stand in contradiction to Imran Khan’s stated desire to put an end to the politicization of bureaucracy. Lecturing government servants alone is not enough. Equally important is for the Prime Minister to stop the PTI law makers and ministers who to continue to use political leverage to have their blue eyed boys given jobs in their constituencies to dole out favours to their cronies and persecute their opponents in violation of rule of law and good governance.

Pak-Turk relations Similar problems bring both countries closer

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uRKEy’S foreign minister was in town for an unconventionally long five-day visit meeting with the top officials in the PTI government, the military and even called on former prime minister Nawaz Sharif to offer condolences on the passing of his wife. Both countries currently have tense relations with the uS which have had economic repercussions. Sanctions were placed on Turkey after a uS pastor was held on espionage charges that accelerated the slide of the Turkish Lira that has lost its value by almost 50% this year and continues to face pressure. Meanwhile uS aid to Pakistan has been significantly cut under the Trump administration, uS military training for Pakistan was suspended recently and an indication that securing a necessary IMF bailout for Pakistan will be made difficult by the uS. Not only has this created more space for both Pakistan and Turkey to come closer on the diplomatic front but also in terms of defense and trade deals. In May of this year both countries signed off on their biggest bilateral defense deal for thirty T129 combat helicopters amounting to $1.5 billion to be sold over five years. In addition to this Turkey will build and export four warships to Pakistan. Pakistan has also supplied Turkey with small arms in the past and around 1,494 Pakistani military personnel have received their military education/training in Turkey after an exchange program was initiated between the two countries back in 2000. In 2015 negotiations were initiated on a free trade agreement between Pakistan and Turkey but did not go too far. The PTI government will attempt to restart those talks while Turkey has agreed to encourage their businesses to invest in Pakistan as well. But this is all easier said than done. Turkey has a serious corruption and nepotism problem with Erdogan’s son-in-law serving as finance minister and a severely politicized central bank. On the other hand, the ease of doing business in Pakistan is abysmal. For both countries to take full advantage of any trade deals these issues will need to be addressed.

Dedicated to the legacy of the late Hameed Nizami

Arif Nizami Editor Aziz-ud-Din Ahmad

Umar Aziz

Asher John

Joint Editor

Executive Editor

Deputy Editor

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RIP Kulsoom No light at the end of the tunnel

arif Nizami

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HE massive outpouring of sympathy across the political spectrum for the family on the demise of the Sharif matriarch begum Kulsoom Nawaz was a bit surprising. Thousands representing a wide political spectrum turned out on Friday at her funeral at Jati umra. Even Imran Khan - Sharif’s nemesis and implacable foe -demonstrated the grace to facilitate incarcerated Nawaz Sharif and his daughter to attend the last rites of Kalsoom. unfortunately in an era of free for all news and social media, no holds barred criticism bordering on personal hatred has become the norm. The PTI, led by the Khan himself exacerbated this unsavory trend. A large swath of television news anchors buttressed it. Soon the PML-N also joined the muckraking fest. As a result the political atmosphere became inexorably vitiated. Resultantly the thin red line between the personal and the political became completely blurred. Sharif family’s health issues became a particular point of interest for their opponents. When Nawaz Sharif traveled to London for a heart by pass surgery in May 2016, his numerous detractors told us he had no heart issues. It was all a ruse we were told. He had only gone there to escape the gauntlet of the law and will not return to Pakistan, they claimed. But when he did return the rumours and innuendos died down. Similarly in case of Kulsoom, after the former first lady reached London for treatment of her throat cancer in July last year, it was alleged she was not ill at all. Later contrarily, it was claimed on good authority that she was already dead. Adding insult to injury it was alleged that

the Sharif family was only waiting for a politically opportune time to announce her death. Only PPP (Pakistan Peoples Party) stalwart Aitzaz Ahsan had the decency and moral courage to apologize to the Sharif family for his acerbic comments in the past. Prime minster Khan who while in opposition was leading the chorus of the skeptics, has somewhat atoned his past bad behaviour by expressing unqualified sympathy for Sharif and the family. The rest of the badmouthing crowd including quintessential Sharifhater the ubiquitous Sheikh Rashid have preferred to maintain a stony silence. Kulsoom’s singlehanded resistance to the Musharraf regime in the year 2000 has been especially highlighted across the media painting her as a brave woman who was the first one to stand up to a dictator. Interestingly that was the time when most of the PML-N leaders from Lahore simply vanished from the scene. That is why it was mockingly quipped at the time by critics that the PML-N Lahore leadership should be wearing bangles. It is another matter that the same year Nawaz Sharif cut a deal with Musharraf courtesy Saudi Arabia and agreed to take the whole family in exile to Jeddah. In Pakistan’s checkered political history women have mostly shown more courage as compared to their male counterparts. Are these mere coincidences? There are exceptions of course. The kind of courage demonstrated by the late Zulfiquar Ali Bhutto is exemplary and perhaps unprecedented in the subcontinent‘s history. He literally paid with his life by standing up to the usurper general Zia ul Haq and simply refused to buckle under the pressure. Later his wife Nusrat Bhutto kept the torch of freedom burning. Subsequently another dictator general Musharraf through forces of obscurantism generated by him also eliminated her daughter Benazir Bhutto. Nonetheless in Kulsoom’s demise and its fallout, there is a lesson to be learnt for our political elite that everyone is mortal. Hence political differences should not be brought down to the lowest common denominator. So far as Nawaz Sharif and his daughter Maryam are concerned, the day after will be particularly disconcerting. There is nothing much to look forward to except a long prison sentence awaiting both of them. Perhaps the only light at the end of the tunnel for the time being could be their bail application being accepted by the Islamabad high court.

Prime facie, inferring from some of the remarks of the judges implicitly expressing skepticism at the prosecution’s case is a ray of hope for the father daughter duo. However this could only prove to be a pyrrhic victory. A decision on two more references in the NAB (National Accountability Bureau) court is still pending. The Al-Azizia Steel Mills Jeddah and Flagship Investment references are being heard by the court on a day-to-day basis to give the judgment within the apex court’s stipulated time limit of six weeks. Probably Sharif will be accorded a harsh sentence in these references as well. Hence his legal travails are not expected to end soon. However Maryam Nawaz not indicted in the rest of the references possibly out on bail could play a pivotal role in rejuvenating a largely demoralized PML-N. But for that to happen both she and her uncle Shahbaz Sharif must be on the same page. By some accounts the late Kulsoom was not happy with her husband and daughter’s hard line against the military establishment. But on the other, she was also keen to install her daughter as the political heir apparent. This became a point of friction between the Nawaz and Shahbaz branches of the family. There is some merit in Shahbaz Sharif’s relatively dovish line. Keeping in mind Pakistan’s power structure, perhaps resistance as well as cooperation are both needed. Notwithstanding the military’s unstinted covert and overt support for the PTI before the general elections, the PML-N should mend its fences with the institution. The younger Sharif already has a strong line of communication with the army leadership. Only recently Shahbaz Sharif was present at the defence Day celebrations held at the GHQ on September 6 where the prime minister and the COAS were present amongst rest of the top brass. The younger Sharif sought permission from his elder brother to attend when he met him earlier the same day at Adiala Jail in Rawalpindi. Reportedly the incarcerated Sharif told him, “by all means go.” In any case differences within the Sharif family are somewhat exaggerated. True, Shahbaz is the acceptable (in fact likeable) face of the Sharifs for the military leadership. Nawaz Sharif is simply no go. Nonetheless there are many skeptics within the establishment who are loath to make any distinction between the two Sharifs. The litmus test came when Shahbaz was asked to make a clean break from his brother. He pointedly refused to oblige. In Kulsoom’s demise perhaps there is a lesson for the Sharif family as well. They will have to sink or swim together. Arif Nizami is Editor, Pakistan Today. He can be contacted at arifn51@hotmail.com

Economic and foreign policy under Imran Khan Not much is in his hands

Umair Jamal

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M Khan’s political party made big promises as part of its electoral campaign to revive Pakistan’s dying economy. However, beyond rhetorical promises, there are limits to what the new government can do to put the country’s economy back on track. PM Khan’s economic policy is not much different than the previous government, as structural handicaps don’t allow any civilian government enough space to take radical shifts. One of the major handicaps is Pakistan’s sprawling debt trap, decreasing exports and dead domestic economy. Pakistan virtually has no money to do anything beyond even managing its regular financial needs. The situation has been made worse by Washington’s pressure on Islamabad in terms of cutting civilian and military aid to the country. In immediate terms, the current government is looking to raise badly needed funds to assist Pakistan’s depleting foreign exchange reserves. Pakistan needs a minimum of $10 to $12 billion to keep the country’s imports afloat and its bills. On the other hand, the government is also working to cut on cut down on different import areas which are not strategic and can reduce the foreign loan pressure add some value to the government fi-

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nances. Moreover, the government plans to increase the overall tax collection like the previous government and aims to take away some of the subsidies which were offered to the middle and poor class by the previous government. In the medium term, the government is looking to have enough finances to build the domestic economy but it remains to be seen if and how it will work out with the country deep in debt. One of the good things about the current government’s approach about the economy is that PM Khan is willing to bring in professionals to form a long-term policy to deal with structural handicaps that continue to defy Pakistan’s economic growth. However, for that, Khan should remain in power for some time and one can argue that’s what the military also wants as they fear Pakistan’s economic crisis may become a serious threat to their own institutional stability if the issue is not addressed strategically. In terms of foreign and security policy, not much is likely to change in Khan’s government. The country’s powerful national security institutions occupy much of the space in this domain. Islamabad’s relationship with Washington is not going to see any change in Khan’s government: the relationship is in a pretty bad shape due to Washington and Islamabad’s inability to align their interests in the region. With China, Pakistan’s relationship will see a deepening of economic and security ties. Some of the recent statements by the civilian government’s representatives regarding reviewing the CPEC agreements saw the military sending out statements offering reassurance to Beijing about its commitment to the economic project. With Iran, the government is interested in improving economic and security ties. One of the reasons that Pakistan didn’t have a better relationship with Iran over the last few decades was due to Washington’s pressure and Islamabad’s ties with Riyadh. With Pakistan drifting away from Washington, Tehran’s ties with Islamabad are expected to improve in the coming months and years. Riyadh may not be averse to Islamabad’s rapprochement with Tehran as the former is expected to share and take into account the latter on this development, which is mostly driven by

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growing international economic pressure rather than Pakistan going away from Riyadh. While Pakistan has made an effort to engage India under the new government, which according to some reports reflects the military’s desire to engage the country, it is unclear whether both countries can enter the phase where they can talk about major issues that keep Pakistan and India in conflict mode. For now, some confidence-building measures would suffice and apparently that is what both countries are trying to do. Pakistan and India recently participated jointly in a counter-terrorism exercise in Russia. The Indian government while interested in talking to Pakistan is concerned about the elections which are coming next year and any misstep while talks are taking place with Pakistan may hurt the BJP domestically. If the intent of Pakistani national security institutions remained focused on reconciliation with India, we may see some major developments within the next couple of years. However, the situation at the LoC remains a challenge and if any major incident happens across the LoC, it may reverse all efforts of building trust, which is essential to move to the next stage of opening main talks. Pakistan’s ties with Afghanistan will remain tense as there is no end to violence in sight and the Afghan Taliban are not likely to give up on their insurgency campaign. Pakistan’s policy of approaching Afghanistan is not likely to change. However, it does not mean that Pakistan controls the group as it has been suggested and remains one of the reasons for Washington’s pressure on Islamabad. In general, Pakistan relationship with different domestic and foreign non-state actors under Khan’s government will not change much from what the national security institutions deem essential and Khan is unlikely to really stand in their way to gain some space back. Umair Jamal is a graduate of the School of Government and International Affairs, Durham University. He is a research fellow with the Centre for Governance and Policy. He regularly writes for various media outlets. He can be contacted on Twitter: @UJAmaLs.

Email: editorial@pakistantoday.com.pk


COMMENT 09

Sunday, 16 September, 2018

Editor’s mail

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How financial swindlers operate?

A history of bigotry Discrimination on the basis of faith

ShabaNa mahfooz

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HE triumph was momentary, the open heartedness brief. The pleasant surprise vanished as abruptly as it had appeared. In a swift reversal sadly it was bigotry, which emerged victorious. In the Naya Pakistan, nothing remains new. The change is yet to come. When Atif Mian resigned or was asked to resign from the Economic Advisory Council (EAC) to save the infant government from a stampede of intolerant extremism, it was disappointing but not unexpected. A day or rather hours before his announcement, the one made by Minister for Information, Fawad Chaudhry defending Mian’s appointment was something the liberal and tolerant population of Pakistan had not witnessed for a while. But when the state had to give in to the threatening demands of the ‘other’ side of the population, known for its loud, violent and extremely influential tactics, it simply retraced its steps back in history. Pakistan’s first foreign minister and a close aide of Quaid e Azam, Sir Zafarullah Khan, was an Ahmadi. He remained in the office until 1954, but even at that time, his tenure was mired by demands from certain quarters for his resignation, based on his faith. However, that time was different in the sense that the then government allowed national progress and survival to prevail. Then, Pakistan was facing a severe wheat shortage and Zafarullah’s services were needed to reach out to the united States and other western states for help. The government did not sack him, despite demands growing louder every day. In 1953, riots erupted over the death by lynching of a police official in Lahore, alleged to have desecrated a book of religious verses. When the situation became too difficult for the civilian administration to handle, a martial law was imposed in Lahore. The martial law authorities arrested a number of protest leaders, including Abul A’la Maududi, the founding head of Jamaat-e-Islami. He along with others was given a death sentence for inciting hatred against Ahmadis. It was the first and seemingly last incident where the state showed some mettle against zealots and it did not last long as strong public pressure ultimately convinced the

government to release Maududi after two years of imprisonment. However, law and order could not be restored in 1974 after the infamous ‘Rabwah incident’, where a violent tussle at Rabwah’s railway station between some students of a medical college from Multan and Ahmadi residents erupted in protests across Punjab. The federal administration of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was put under severe pressure to resolve the ‘Qadiani Question’. A resolution was moved in the National Assembly demanding Ahmadis to be declared as apostates. Bhutto ‘was left with no option but to say that he would follow the Parliament’s decision’. While Bhutto was still not prepared to criminalise the religious expression of Ahmadis, General Zia ul Haq did not present tough resistance. Succumbing to yet another protestors’ demand, in 1984 Section 298-B and 298-C were added to the Constitution where the use of Islamic terms and claiming any relation to Islam by Ahmadis is criminalised. The effective persecution had begun. In 1986, Nisar Fatima, Member of National Assembly and Jamaat e Islami warned that the assembly ‘would invite wrath on itself if it did not pass a law immediately to protect the honour of the Prophet (PBuH)’. The government soon conceded and death penalty was added to the then proposed anti- blasphemy law, Section 295-C. In 2011, Governor Punjab Salman Taseer was assassinated by his security own guard Mumtaz Qadri due to Taseer’s support for Asia Bibi, a Christian woman sentenced to death on a charge of blasphemy. Salman Taseer had visited Asia Bibi in jail and had held a press conference with her, announcing that she would be released soon as the President of Pakistan would annul her death sentence. This triggered mass protests in Pakistan with many imams of local mosques claiming that Salman Taseer had defied Prophet Muhammad (PBuH) and should be sentenced to death for it. While Qadri was quickly nabbed and hanged to death for his crime, his supporters built a mausoleum over his grave, which is still thronged by admirers and is a step no government ever bothered to stop. In fact, Mumtaz Qadri’s image was widely used in this year’s election campaign to garner votes, again a decision never questioned by authorities in control of the electoral process. Last year, protesting an erroneous modification in the country’s electoral law involving the finality of Prophethood, Tehreek-e-Labbaik

ya Rasool Allah (TLyR) had demanded the resignation of the then law minister Zahid Hamid, despite the ‘clerical error’ having been immediately corrected after being pointed out. For 20 days protestors blocked the main routes into Islamabad. After the police used tear gas and water canons to clear the area, the government called the army to control the law and order situation in the federal capital, while the protests spread beyond the Faizabad Interchange and sitins were staged in nearly 70 other cities and towns. The sit-in culminated with the signing of an agreement and resignation of the minister, seen as a complete surrender by the state. This year, over ‘non-implementation’ of the Faizabad Agreement, supporters of TLyR spread to over 80 places in Lahore, while the group’s ‘peaceful’ protestors, threatening a nationwide protest, were seen carrying batons at major streets and crossings. When the provincial government yet again accepted all demands of TLyR and the then Punjab Law Minister Rana Sanaullah agreed to appear before the clerics, the nationwide sit-ins were called off. So when Atif Mian’s nomination from the EAC was taken back, it was no surprise. The nayee hukumat (new government) was advised that if sit-ins and protests erupted at a time when Saudi and Chinese delegations were expected in the country, it would present a bad image and make things tougher for the new government. Whether Mian’s resignation has portrayed a better image, is a question that remains unanswered. Whether academic qualification and valuable experience are not the primary benchmarks for appointments at any high profile post, is another question that has arisen in this scenario. Does this mean that religious minorities have no room for any contribution they can make to their own country? Should they be expected to spend their lives abiding laws in Pakistan and simply wonder about the purpose and futility of being called a Pakistani? So our newly elected government did nothing different. It simply followed a tradition that has long been entrenched in the politics of this country. It would probably take the likes of another Muhammad Ali Jinnah who could stand up for the rights of all Pakistanis and attempt to bring an end to the culture of bigotry. No one should expect that to happen anytime soon.

Does this mean that religious minorities have no room for any contribution they can make to their own country? Should they be expected to spend their lives abiding laws in Pakistan and simply wonder about the purpose and futility of being called a Pakistani?

Shabana Mahfooz is a broadcast journalist and freelance writer. She has keen interest in issues concerning women, religion and foreign affairs.

PROSECuTION was aghast when defence lawyer asked whether opening a fake account constitutes a criminal charge. The Zardari-Faryal-Talpur case is being investigated since 2003. yet, prosecution is banking on harassment of innocent witnesses (according to media reports). Our prosecutors should learn to connect the dots and build a hard-bound case. Financial offenders are clever or commit offences with help of clever lawyers. Take India. Diamond merchant Mehul Choksi’s cousin Nirav Modi is a specialist in acquisitions and disposals of corporate vehicles which primarily own and manage an underlying real estate asset. He built up an expertise in acting on private mergers, acquisitions and disposals in the children’s nurseries, dental practices and other sectors. He complicated India’s discussions with British authorities on the case by raising issues on data protection, claimed political asylum in Britain, so on. His uncle Mehul Choksi obtained citizenship of the Caribbean island of Antigua. India sent three Letters Rogatory to the u.K. seeking assistance in its investigation against Mr. Modi in March and April. The letters have been forwarded to the Serious Fraud Office, without avail. What was Choksi and his companies’ modus operandi? He availed credit from overseas branches of Indian banks using the fraudulent guarantees of Punjab National Bank (PNB)given through letters of undertaking (Lous) and letters of credit issued by the Brady House branch which were not repaid, bringing liability on the state-run bank. An Lou is a guarantee given by an issuing bank to Indian banks having branches abroad to grant short-term credit to the applicant. Mehul Choksi, architect of Rs 14,000 crore bank fraud, was “using several dummy companies” to rotate funds and to divert money for his personal use. In the PNB fraud case, the bank employees had sent these guarantees (unauthorised letters of undertakings in the absence of credit limits and collateral security. It is doubtful if our NAB or FIA have acumen to understand offenders’ tricks, intricacies of foreign prosecution, and extradition treaties. We lose cases even after paying hefty fees to international and home-grown media-savvy lawyers. DEEbA MALIk Islamabad

Shikarpur in trouble THE sewerage network of Shikarpur city needs the immediate attention of the concerned authorities. Almost drains are filled with wrappers and solid waste. These problems going on long time and not resolve at the time which creates many troubles for citizens. Dirty water runs on the streets / and welcoming all kind of diseases. although the union council and municipal committee were informed about these problems in spite of no action has been taken to date. ZAMIr AHMED MEMoN Shikarpur

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PROMISES of austerity (never asked for in the first place) fell apart when the prime minister started moving about in his official helicopter. In order to justify it, the official spin machine gave the (perfectly reasonable for any prime minister) defence that he needed security, hence the chopper. Then why was his detailed Karachi-visit itinerary leaked to the social media? It only fell slightly short of giving away when the man was going to use the men’s room. It almost made it easy for an assassin to do his job, sort of like some “mission screen” in a video game. * * * * * * * * * “IT takes a fortune to keep Gandhi poor.” Sarojini Naidu’s timeless takedown of the Mahatma’s (costly) decision to travel economy class continues to describe such situations aptly. First, there is the prime minister himself, who doesn’t live at the PM House (he does,claims Saleem Safi, only the MS residence) but flies from Bani Gala on chopper (which has a huge quantum of security officials now) and then there is the PM’s personal residence at Zaman Park, Lahore, which has its own, large security detail. Then, there is the President. Whenever any politician is given a position, there is a trend in the country to go to one’s own personal constituency in style. And style there was plenty of, in Dr Alvi’s large entourage of vehicles during his visit to Karachi. Any and all insecurities about dentists not being real doctors were attempted to be cemented over with that huge motorcade. He has also said he won’t live in the Presidency either. So he shifted to the parliament hostel, where the authorities said it was way too big a hassle to coordinate his presidential activities. So he’s at the Punjab House these days, where it is still way too inconvenient to house him, but he won’t shift to the Presidency either. Living or not living in one’s official houses is a nonissue but this is the bed the PTI has made for itself and this is where it will sleep.


10 FOREIGN NEWS

Sunday, 16 September, 2018

EuropE must offsEt us pullout from nuclEar dEal: Iran mInIstEr BERLIN

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AGENCIES

UROPE should take action to neutralize the consequences of the US decision to quit a 2015 Iran nuclear accord to ensure its own long-term economic interests, Iran's Foreign Minister said in an interview published on Saturday. Mohammed Javad Zarif told Germany's Der Spiegel news magazine that Iran could "reduce its implementation" of the agreement and possibly increase uranium enrichment activities if the nuclear agreement was jeopardized by "the actions of the Americans and the passivity of the Europeans." "The Europeans and other signatories must act to offset the consequences of the US sanctions," Zarif told the magazine, calling a package of measures drafted by Europe an important step that should now be implemented.

"What is paramount: Europe should do so not for Iran, but for its own sover-

IraqI lawmakErs ElEct sunnI arab as parlIamEnt spEakEr BAGHDAD AGENCIES

Iraqi lawmakers have elected a Sunni Arab as speaker of parliament, the first step in forming a new government four months after national elections. Lawmaker Ahmed al-Asadi says 169 lawmakers voted for Mohammed al-Halbousi during Saturday's session and 89 voted for former defense minister Khalid al-Obeidi. Al-Halbousi is the former governor of Anbar province and was supported by the pro-Iran bloc inside parliament. Early this month, parliament held its first session but failed to proceed with the process of forming a government with two Shiite-led blocs claiming to be the biggest bloc that will be tasked to form the government. Under an unofficial agreement dating back to 2003, the prime minister position is reserved for Shiites, president a Kurd and parliament speaker a Sunni.

IndIan polIcE hunt 3 suspEcts aftEr gIrl Is druggEd, rapEd NEW DELHI AGENCIES

Police on Saturday were hunting for three men who allegedly drugged, kidnapped and raped a teenage girl while she was on her way to a test-preparation course in northern India earlier in the week, the latest incident of violence against girls and women in the country. Police officer Ashwini Kumar said the 19-year-old victim was in stable condition in a hospital in Haryana state and police have taken her statement. Violent crime against women has been on the rise in India despite tough laws that were enacted five years ago.

Is fIghtErs kIll 20 us-backEd gunmEn In East syrIa BEIRUT AGENCIES

A Syrian war monitor and a Kurdish official say members of the Islamic State group have killed 20 US-backed fighters in the country's east. The attack occurred late Friday in Deir el-Zour province where the US-backed Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces launched a wide offensive this week to capture the last pocket held by IS in Syria. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the extremists took advantage of a sand storm to launch a counterattack, which killed 20 fighters and wounded others. Kurdish official Ebrahim Ebrahim said the 20 were killed in an ambush by IS fighters. The Observatory said Saturday that since the SDF launched its offensive on the IS-held pocket including the town of Hajin, 53 extremists have been killed as well as 37 US-backed fighters.

eign and long-term economic interests." European Union officials strongly op-

pose the May decision by the United States to withdraw from the nuclear agreement, and have sought to salvage the deal in some form. Germany on Friday said it was considering setting up a payment system with its European partners that would allow continued business transactions with Iran once US sanctions kick in. However, German officials concede privately that such a system would not prevent big companies that rely on US exports to escape US sanctions if they continue to sell to Iran. Zarif said Tehran's biggest priority was to continue to sell a reasonable amount oil worldwide and return the proceeds to Iran, as well encouraging investment and cooperation in areas such as technology and research. "Europe said the nuclear agreement was in its security interest. Then Europe must be ready to pay for its security,"

Rwanda frees opposition leader, 2,100 others from prison KIGALI AGENCIES

One of Rwanda's most prominent opposition leaders walked free on Saturday after the government approved the early release of more than 2,100 prisoners with little explanation. Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza's release surprised many in the capital, Kigali, because it is unusual for longtime President Paul Kagame to pardon potential challengers. She quickly urged Kagame to release all other political prisoners. Ingabire, head of the FDUInkingi opposition party, was arrested in 2010 and found guilty of conspiracy to undermine the government and denying Rwanda's 1994 genocide, charges that she denied. She was sentenced to 15 years. Human Rights Watch called the charges politically motivated and linked to her criticism of the government ahead of the 2010 presidential election. Speaking shortly after her release, a smiling Ingabire thanked the president and said her release means the government has found it can work together with Rwandans of different political views. When asked about her political future, Ingabire said she would announce her next steps in the coming days. Rwanda's government has long been accused by rights groups of suppressing the opposition and having a justice system that lacks independ-

ence, which the government has denied. Human Rights Watch has expressed concern that the government uses accusations of "genocide ideology" as a way to silence critics. "When prisoners are filing forms requesting a presidential pardon, prisoners charged with genocide denial and conspiracy against the government are not allowed to fill such forms," a prison official told The Associated Press. The official spoke on condition of anonymity as they were not authorized to speak on behalf of the prison. Some 800,000 people, mostly ethnic Tutsis, were killed by Hutu extremists during the Rwandan genocide, according to the United Nations. Some objected to Ingabire's release. "Anyone who peddles ... ethnic politics must be told in no uncertain terms that it won't be tolerated. Her release doesn't do that!" Christopher Kayumba, a lecturer at the school of journalism at the National University of Rwanda, said in a Twitter post. Still detained in Rwanda is Diane Rwigara, who tried to challenge

Kagame in last year's election but was disqualified from running over allegations that she forged some of the signatures on her nomination papers. She denied it. She later was charged with inciting insurrection. Critics have said Rwanda's government has been under pressure over Rwigara's arrest and that Ingabire's release was meant to ease it. In recently concluded parliamentary elections, two opposition parties won two seats each for the first time, a sign that the government is trying to carry out reforms. Anne Rwigara, Diane's sister, said Ingabire's release should not blind those who have advocated for free speech and rights for every Rwandan.

Zarif said. "Nothing is for free." He said Europe should be "ready to pay for its security" by implementing a European Union "blocking agreement" under which it can punish European firms for withdrawing from Iranian business deals to avoid US sanctions. "The question is whether European wants its companies to follow European laws or American ones, or whether it will submit to the American dictates," Zarif said. He said Iran had options to act if Europe failed to act to compensate Iran for the US sanctions. "We do not necessarily have to cancel (the agreement). Article 36 of the agreement and Security Resolution 2231 make it possible to reduce implementation, without cancelling it," he said. Asked if Iran could resume increased enrichment of uranium, he said, "That would be one of the possibilities." Zarif said Tehran would not "waste its time" on additional negotiations with the United States about Iran's behavior in the region unless Washington rescinded its decision to withdraw from the nuclear agreement. "Only when Europe ensures that (the agreement) is implemented can Iran see if the attempt should be made to talk about other issues," he said.

south sudan's main rebel group accuses government of violating ceasefire JUBA: South Sudan's main rebel force SPLM-IO has accused the government's forces of attacking their defensive positions just a day after both sides signed a peace deal. President Salva Kiir signed a peace agreement with rebel factions in the Ethiopian capital on Wednesday to end a civil war that has killed at least 50,000 people, displaced some three million and held up the country's progress since it gained independence seven years ago. "The regime's forces heavily stormed our position at Mundu in Lainya county," said Lam Paul Gabriel, the rebels' deputy military spokesman, in a statement seen by Reuters on Saturday. He said the attack happened in the early hours of Friday and that eight government troops were killed in the ensuing battle. Another attack took place in Mangalatore, near the site of the first attack, where four government soldiers were killed, the statement said. Both Mundu and Mangalatore are in Yei River State, close to the border with Uganda. There was no immediate comment from the government or international mediators. The stability of South Sudan is important for Sudan and other neighboring countries, who fear a new flare up of the conflict could flood them with refugees. The civil war started in 2013, fueled by personal and ethnic rivalries. The conflict has killed at least 50,000 people, many of them civilians, according to the United Nations. An estimated quarter of South Sudan's population of 12 million has been displaced and its economy, which heavily relies on crude oil production, ruined. AGENCIES

Powerful typhoon lashes Philippines, killing at least 12 TUGUEGARAO AGENCIES

Typhoon Mangkhut lashed the northern Philippines with destructive winds and heavy rain that set off landslides and destroyed homes on Saturday, leaving at least 12 people dead and six missing, as southern China braced for the powerful storm. The strongest typhoon to hit the disaster-prone Philippines this year slammed ashore before dawn in Cagayan province on the northeastern tip of Luzon island, a breadbasket that is also a region of flood-prone rice plains and mountain provinces with a history of deadly landslides. China and the Philippines agreed to postpone a visit by Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi that was to start Sunday due to the onslaught, which caused nearly 150 flights, a third of them international, to be canceled and halted sea travel. At least three people died and six others were missing in the mountain city of Baguio after ferocious winds and rain

destroyed several houses and set off landslides, which also blocked roads to the popular vacation destination, said the city's mayor, Mauricio Domogan. Authorities were verifying the drownings of three people, including two children who reportedly died as the typhoon approached. They also were checking to

see what happened to about 70 men who reportedly returned to their coastal village in Cagayan to check on their homes as the typhoon drew closer Friday, sparking concerns over possible storm surges. Mangkhut's sustained winds weakened to 170 kilometers (105 miles) per hour with gusts of up to 260 kph (161

mph) after it sliced northwestward across Luzon then blew out to the South China Sea, aiming at southern China and Hong Kong, where residents braced for the worst. With the weather easing, officials warned there was lingering danger. "It's still a life and death situation," Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana said by phone, citing past drownings in swollen rivers in mountain provinces after storms had passed. Storm warnings remained in effect in 10 northern provinces, including Cagayan, which could still be lashed by devastating winds, forecasters said. Thousands of people in the typhoon's path had been evacuated. At daybreak in Cagayan's capital, Tuguegarao, Associated Press journalists saw a severely damaged public market, its roof ripped apart and wooden stalls and tarpaulin canopies in disarray. Outside a popular shopping mall, debris was scattered everywhere and government workers cleared roads of fallen trees.


FOREIGN NEWS 11

Sunday, 16 September, 2018

russIa undErmInIng north korEa sanctIons, says pompEo WASHINGTON

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AGENCIES

S Secretary of State Mike Pompeo accused Russia of actively working to undermine international sanctions on North Korea and said the enforcement of the steps was essential to convince Pyongyang to give up its nuclear weapons. "Russia has actively attempted to undermine the UN Security Council resolutions, the work of the ... committee at the UN that evaluates compliance with sanctions," Pompeo told a news briefing at the State Department. Pompeo spoke after US Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley accused Moscow on Thursday of seeking to cover up breaches of UN sanctions on North Korea by Russians by pushing for changes to an independent report on sanctions violations. Pompeo said he hoped the UN sanctions committee would "publish the original document that they intended to publish which shows clear activities related to sanctions and sanctions violations." "The United States is as committed

as ever to continuing to enforce those UN Security Council resolutions. We believe they are central to President Trump’s efforts to convince Chairman Kim that full, final denuclearization of the Korean peninsula is necessary," he said. Pompeo added that the United

turkish police detain hundreds of protesting airport workers ISTANBUL

States was continuing to have "many conversations" with the North Koreans about "how to effectuate achieving all of the commitments made" at a June 12 summit between Trump and Kim Jong Un, the North Korean leader. The Russian UN mission and the

North Korean UN mission did not immediately respond to requests for comment on Pompeo’s remarks. The UN Security Council will meet on Monday over the implementation of sanctions on North Korea at the request of Washington. The report submitted to the Security Council's North Korea sanctions committee last month said Pyongyang had not stopped its nuclear and missile programs and was violating UN sanctions on exports. Diplomats said Russia pressured the independent sanctions monitors to amend the report. One diplomat said the amended report removed some references to Russians accused of breaching sanctions on North Korea. The Security Council has to agree by consensus on whether to publish the report and the United States objected to releasing the amended document. Russia and China have suggested the Security Council discuss easing sanctions after the Trump-Kim summit, while Washington and other council members have said there must be strict enforcement of sanctions until Pyongyang acts.

Hundreds of Burundians hold anti-UN protests NAIROBI AGENCIES

AGENCIES

Turkish police have detained hundreds of workers protesting over labor conditions at Istanbul's new airport, a giant project championed by President Tayyip Erdogan and due to open next month, a union leader said on Saturday. The protest broke out after a shuttle bus accident on Friday in which 17 workers were injured, said Ozgur Karabulut, general manager of the Dev Yapi-Is union. Thousands of workers joined the demonstration, which was broken up by police and gendarmes deploying in riot control vehicles and firing tear gas, he said. "They broke into the workers' camp with 30 gendarmerie, broke down the doors and detained around 500 workers," Karabulut told Reuters by phone. He said he was speaking from a local gendarmerie where he was seeking the workers's release. Opposition parliamentarian Ali Bayar, from the proKurdish Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP), put the number of those detained at around 400.

afghan military helicopter crashes, kills all five aboard KABUL AGENCIES

A helicopter carrying security forces crashed in western Afghanistan, killing all five people on board, including the pilot, officials said on Saturday, but ruled out a militant attack. A wave of assaults by Taliban militants in recent weeks has forced Afghan and foreign forces to make far greater use of air transport to move troops and supplies, but inadequate training and poor planning have led to frequent crashes. The latest crash was caused by technical difficulties rather than a militant attack, said Naser Mehri, a spokesman for the governor of Farah province, site of the accident. “The helicopter crashed due to a technical issue, not due to Taliban fire,” Mehri said. The cause of the crash is being investigated, said a defence ministry official in Kabul, the capital, adding that the helicopter had been transporting Afghan security forces.

Hundreds of Burundians took part in government organised protests on Saturday against a UN report that blamed President Pierre Nkurunziza for fuelling hatred and violence. Around a thousand people heeded the call to take to the streets of the capital, Bujumbura, with other gatherings held elsewhere in the restive central African nation. The demonstrations peaked days of protests against the UN Human Rights Council which, on Monday, is due to hear from a government delegation which is expected to reject the report. On Tuesday, Burundi's parliament condemned the report, saying it aimed at undermining the government and creating "chaos". The following day, the government declared as personae non gratae three UN rights investigators, with Foreign Minister Ezechiel Nibigira saying their report was "defamatory and deceitful". Burundi has been widely criticised for alleged rights abuses committed since 2015, but has been incensed by this latest report which points the finger squarely at Nkurunziza. The country plunged into crisis in 2015 after Nkurunziza sought a fiercely contested third term in office that his opponents said was unconsti-

Egyptian court sends mubarak's 2 sons back to prison CAIRO AGENCIES

Egyptian officials say police have detained the sons of former president Hosni Mubarak in connection with insider trading charges. They said the arrests were ordered Saturday by judge Ahmed AboulFetouh before he adjourned the hearings until Oct. 20. The two — wealthy businessman Alaa and Mubarak's onetime heir apparent Gamal — were taken to a prison south of Cairo after the hearing, said the officials who spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to brief the media. The two and their father were sentenced to three years in prison following their conviction on corruption charges in 2015. The sons were freed five months later for time served, while Mubarak walked free last year. The trio were first detained in 2011 after an uprising forced Mubarak to resign.

pope says populism should serve people, not stir up quarrels

PALERMO AGENCIES

tutional. Turmoil since then has killed at least 1,200 people, and has forced 400,000 to flee their homes, triggering an investigation by the International Criminal Court, which Burundi last year became the first nation to leave. The UN report accused Nkurunziza of engaging in hate speech, triggering suspected crimes against humanity. Speaking in parliament, Interior Minister Pascal Barandagiye said the

UN investigators must ask God's forgiveness for questioning Nkurunziza "otherwise they will be punished without delay". The majority of the alleged violations were committed by members of the national intelligence service, police and military, as well as the Imbonerakure, the ruling party's youth wing, described as a militia by the UN. Burundi on Friday threatened to quit the UN rights body accusing it of "politicisation".

Pope Francis is recommending a Christian kind of populism after being attacked by Italian politicians for defending migrants. Francis told a crowd of 100,000 at an outdoor Mass on Saturday that "the only possible populism" is a Christian one that "listens to and serves the people without shouting, accusing, stirring up quarrels." The pope spoke in Palermo, the capital of Sicily. Many of the hundreds of thousands of migrants rescued at sea in recent years were taken to the Italian island's ports. Francis has staunchly championed the rights of migrants. Italy's new populist government is discouraging their arrival. Interior Minister Matteo Salvini insists people rescued at sea from human traffickers' boats won't be allowed in Italy.

OAS chief threatens military force against Venezuela CUCUTA AGENCIES

The head of the Organization of American States has joined President Donald Trump in holding out the threat of a military intervention in Venezuela to restore democracy and ease the country*s humanitarian crisis OAS Secretary General Luis Almagro delivered the sharp warning in a visit Friday to Colombia's border with Venezuela in which he also denounced President Nicolas Maduro*s socialist "dictatorship" for spurring a region-wide migration crisis. "With respect to a military intervention to overthrow Nicolas Maduro's regime, I don't think any option should be ruled out," Almagro said at a press conference in the Colombian city of Cu-

CMYK

cuta. "What Nicolas Maduro's regime is perpetrating are crimes against humanity, the violation of the human rights and the suffering of people that is inducing an exodus. Diplomatic actions should be the first priority but we shouldn't rule out any action." Almagro has been Maduro's most outspoken critic in Latin America, but until Friday he hadn't been willing to go as far as Trump, who last year raised the possibility of a "military option" against Maduro. In several meetings with aides and Latin American leaders last year, Trump also discussed the possibility of a US invasion of the South American nation. Still, for many in Latin America, the prospect of a military intervention is bound to revive memories of the Cold War, when the US gave backing to coups

and rebellions from countries including Chile, Cuba and Brazil. For Almagro, the threat of military force is especially surprising given his condemnation of the region's support for a US invasion of the Dominican Republic in 1965 to remove a democratically-elected but pro-Cuban president. The invasion, carried out in the OAS' name, left thousands dead and for decades stirred Latin American resentment against the idea of ever again using force against sovereign nation. Almagro in 2015 apologized for the OAS' role in the invasion, saying such events should not be repeated. While circumstances in Venezuela are far different, and many still see an invasion as a remote possibility, Maduro has nonetheless held out the threat to try and rally Venezuelans behind him at a time of mounting hardships.


12 BUSINESS

Sunday, 16 September, 2018

PAkIStAn AnD ChInA AGREE on uPGRADInG ML-1 RAILwAyS tRACk BEIJING

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INISTRy of Railways and the National Railway Administration of China (NRAC) have undertaken initial work for working on Pakistan Railways’ Mainline 1 (ML-1), an early harvest project of China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). According to the reports, the project would cost $8.176 billion for rehabilitation and upgradation of the 1,872 km Karachi-Lahore-Peshawar (ML-1) Railway Track. The first phase of $3.2 billion covers upgradation of four segments. The step would bring the much-needed attention to railway transportation, which has deteriorated significantly over the past

CPEC committee prioritises development of Gwadar, SEZs ISLAMABAD

few decades. The Pakistan Railways carried over 70% of the national freight load in the 1970s, which now stands at a meagre 4%. Reportedly, the Pakistan Railways expects that this would grow to 20% after completion of this project with freight traffic increasing from five to 25 million tonnes per annum by 2025. The passenger traffic is also expected to increase by 45% (from 55 to 80 million passengers per annum). Meanwhile, a report released by the National Bureau of Statistics said that China’s “four vertical and four horizontal high-speed railway network” has almost been completed, making China the world’s first country with a complete high-speed rail network in operation. The report said that China’s total railway line mileage reached 127,000 kilometers by the end of 2017, up 145.6 percent from 1978, with an average

Chinese trade mission to visit Pakistan on Sept 26 ISLAMABAD

Online

The inaugural meeting of the Cabinet Committee on China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) was held under the chairmanship of Planning, Development and Reforms Minister Makhdoom Khusro Bakhtiar on Friday. The meeting was attended by all the members of the committee as well as secretaries of the line ministries. The PD&R minister apprised the house about his recent interaction with his counterpart, the vice chairman of China’s National Development Reform Commission. On the occasion, Planning Secretary Zafar Hasan gave an overview of the ongoing projects and run down of the schedule of upcoming events, leading to the 8th Joint Cooperation Committee. The committee decided to prioritise the development of Gwadar, special economic zones, Pakistan’s Railways’ Main Line-1, the inclusion of social sector development and third country participation in CPEC. The committee instructed the conveners of all the joint working groups to submit a detailed agenda till the end of September for approval. Joint working groups meetings are planned to be convened in the month of October. CPEC’s Joint Cooperation Committee meeting is tentatively planned in the first week of December in China.

annual growth of 2.3 percent. The distance of China’s high-speed rail hit 25,200 kilometers, topping the global chart. The figure for electrified railways and doubletrack rail in China is currently 86,600km and 71,800 km respectively, accounting for 68.2 per cent and 56.5 per cent of the country’s total railway mileage. The report also pointed out that high-speed rail not only brings convenience to people’s lives, but also promotes sharing of regional resources and coordinates development of many financial circles, such as the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei economic circle and the Pearl River Delta economic circle. Additionally, the report noted that China’s total expressway coverage reached 136,400 kilometres by the end of 2017, ranking first in the world, covering 97 per cent of cities with a population of 200,000 or above.

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Adviser to Prime Minister on Commerce and Textiles Abdul Razzaq Dawood has said a Chinese buying mission, consisting prominent businessmen and investors, would visit Pakistan on September 26-27. During its two-day stay in Pakistan, the visiting delegation would hold dialogues with members of the local business community as well as exporters to enhance the country’s trade. The adviser asked local business community, including exporters, to participate in the dialogue with the Chinese delegation in order to negotiate on their areas of interests. “This is only a first step towards enhancing the country’s trade and at the same time achieving ex-

port targets,” he added. Replying to a question, he expressed hope that during their visit, Chinese buyers would also sign agreements with local exporters belonging to different sectors, adding that the visit would be a great opportunity to have access to huge Chinese markets. Answering another question, the adviser said the government was committed to enhancing exports and increasing manufacturing in engineering, textile, agriculture and chemical domains. The government, Razzaq Dawood added, would give priority to promotion of export-led growth and reduce dependence on imports. The adviser said agricultural exports alone would not enhance the country exports

rather “we need to switch to value addition in this particular area to promote export of valueadded products.” He said special attention would be given towards promotion of textile exports, particularly knitwear, apparel, garments, leather products and rice, besides promoting furniture industry of the country which enjoys great export potential. He said the government, in consultation with stakeholders, would devise a comprehensive policy guideline to promote textile and industrial exports. “I would call representatives of textile and rice sectors and exporters as well as other stakeholders to have consultations so as to devise future guidelines for growth in these vital sectors,” he remarked.

PACRA withdraws PEL’s Debt Instrument Ratings Pakistan Credit Rating Agency (PACRA) has withdrawn Pak Elektron Limited’s (PEL) Debt Instrument Ratings on September 13, 2018 with immediate effect. PEL issued a short-term, unsecured Commercial Paper (CP) of Rs1,200 million to finance its working capital requirements in December 2017. CP, having a tenor of nine months, carried a profit rate of 9M KIBOR + 1.25 per cent. The instrument matured on September 10, 2018 and was subsequently redeemed. PEL was incorporated in 1956 as a Public Limited Company. Currently, it is listed on Pakistan Stock Exchange (PSX) and is principally engaged in manufacturing and sale of electrical capital goods and domestic appliances. PEL is majorly owned by Saigol Group (~50.3 per cent). Other interests of the group include power, textile and cement. news desk

CHINIOT: Farmers use a thresher to separate rice grains from straw.

Private sector asked to invest in railway infrastructure LAHORE staff RepORt

Pakistan Railways Minister Sheikh Rasheed on Saturday invited the private sector to invest in railway infrastructure for its renovation and betterment. Chairing a meeting of the Pakistan Railway officials, Rasheed singled out train stations across the country as a good investment option. The minister also urged officials to ensure availability of clean drinking water at railway stations and passed other directives aimed at improving services and efficiency. The federal minister laid emphasis on facilitating the consumers through a ‘one window’ facility for cargo operations so the “people sending cargo through railways don’t have to visit the stations repeatedly.” Addressing the media after his meeting, the Pakistan Railways minister said he would personally request Prime Minster Imran Khan for issuance of an ordinance for the sale of Pakistan Railways land to overcome its deficit. Rasheed said that the Prime Minister had already sought a report regarding the railway land within 15 days. He said the prime minister’s approval would be sought for recruitment of 23,000 new employees in the Pakistan Railways. About 10,000 skilled employees were needed on urgent basis for improvement of services, he added. “Unfortunately, the former government had spent huge amounts on the renovation of railway stations,” he said, lamenting that the job could have been done with a lesser amount, but about Rs400 million was spent on each station. The federal minister said, “We will bring private partners and builders for the renovation and upgradation of railway stations.” He said the performance of railway hospitals was very poor, and they would be handed over to private sector on public-private partnership basis. “I am in touch with the Army Medical Corps administration in this regard so that they may take over the charge of the hospitals and better treatment facilities could be provided to the PR employees at economical rates,” the minister added. Sheikh Rasheed said two more upgraded trains, including Moenjodaro Express and Rohi Express, would become operation soon, adding that the main focus of the current railway administration would be on improving the freight sector as it was its lifeline. “One or two freight trains will be privatized on test basis for the betterment of the freight sector,” he added. To a question, the minister said the prime minister had appreciated his work, promising that there will be “a visible change in the railway within 100 days”. He said the prime minister had been requested to revise one scale up of the railway labourers. The minister said the facilities of WiFi and tracking system in trains would be provided in 100 days. To another question, he said no slum settlements on the railway land would be disturbed on the direction of the prime minister. The federal minister said the blind and other disabled persons, with their wheelchairs in the luggage van, could travel by train free of charge. Moreover, one helper of the disabled person could also travel at half fare with him/her, he added. To another question, he said new trains would be operated in those areas where road transport facility was not available. Later, the minister visited the Lahore Railway Station to inspect the track of newly introduced train Rawalpindi Railcar. It is pertinent to mention that the railway minister had announced that the department would provide Rs100 million annually as funds for the construction of Diamer Bhasha and Mohmand dams. The federal minister had said that two committees have been formed to maximise performance, adding that railway projects under the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) would be re-evaluated by an evaluation committee of the department.

Govt urged to take stakeholders on board for EDI protocols LAHORE staff RepORt

Pakistan Business Council (PBC) has urged the government that protocols for Electronic Data Interchange should be agreed with all the main trading partners in order to stop an estimated annual under-invoicing of $5 billion. PBC wrote a letter to Finance Minister Asad Umar proposing several reforms to revive the sagging industry. The council drew the government’s attention on the immediate need to improve fiscal position which would ultimately help the country increase exports, revenue collection and tax base. The letter said that a comprehensive review of import valuations is necessary to stem misuse and under-invoicing,

COUNCIL SUGGESTS COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW OF IMPORT VALUATIONS TO STEM MISUSE AND UNDER-INVOICING adding that import duty at higher value, weight, volume or quantity should apply. “There should be no easy ways made in favour of commercial importers at the expense of manufacturers. Cascading tariffs are vital for promotion of local value addition by the manufacturing sector,” it added. The letter further advised that regulatory duty should not be levied on raw materials for manufacturing in Pakistan, especially when there was no regulatory duty on finished goods. Regarding the tax regime, the council said that the penal tax rates applicable to non-filers are not substantially higher than for filers.

“A margin of 3:1 should apply to encourage more people to join the tax base. The federal and provincial governments urgently need to address the fragmentation and complexity arising from multiple taxes. Unification of taxes, digitization and centralization of tax collection and simplification of returns will help bring down the cost and make it easier to do business,” the council stated. The export sectors, especially textiles, are facing cash flow issues on account of delayed refunds, particularly of sales tax, PBC wrote, requesting that at the minimum, ‘five’ export sectors should

be moved to ‘zero rating’ to ensure that the export sectors don’t feel a cash-flow crunch on account of delayed refunds. PBC suggested that automation of rebate credits to coincide with realization of export proceeds will also help. The letter further pointed out that the concept of group taxation was introduced in Pakistan on the basis of a detailed study carried out by the “Task force for the review of Law relating to Holding Companies”, constituted by the then Central Board of Revenue in 2006 and which included representatives of the Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan, Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan, Central Board of Revenue and Pakistan Business Council. “The recommendations of the task force were duly incorporated through the Finance Act, 2007. This was an important

initiative for Pakistan’s taxation system and economy, aimed at streamlining the group ownership structures and discouraging the complicated cross-company ownership to make the corporate sector internationally transparent and competitive. It has helped in promoting documentation, fostering corporatization, allowed corporate entities to grow into conglomerates and minority shareholders participate. The implementation of the task force recommendations prompted considerable structural changes are groups formed holding companies, stepped up investment, created employment and offered opportunities to outside investors to participate in listed subsidiaries of well-run groups. This has also resulted in the broadening of the capital market and let to substantial in tax revenues,” the PBC concluded.


BUSINESS 13

Sunday, 16 September, 2018

CORPORATE CORNER ‘Eighteen’ all set to strengthen its foothold in Dubai

tRuMP to PRESS AhEAD wIth $200Bn In tARIFFS on ChInESE GooDS WASHINGTON

P DUBAI: Eighteen, a world class lifestyle destination development, has expanded its presence in UAE as it participated in one of Pakistan’s most successful real estate exhibitions – Property Expo Dubai 2018, which boasts exhibitors from around the world. Following a rousing reception from buyers and investors, Eighteen showcased its $2 billion project at The World Trade Centre, Dubai. A joint venture of Egypt-based Ora Developers, Saif Group and Kohistan Builders (KBD) in Pakistan, Eighteen exhibited its complete product line, including luxurious villas, beautiful apartment complexes, a retail hub, business complex and provided insights into the master plan of the project. The expo was graced by RERA CEO His Excellency Marwan Ahmed bin Ghalita. His excellency complimented Eighteen’s vision during a brief chat with the management. Eighteen CEO Tarek Hamdy on the occasion said, “Our commitment to UAE portrays the establishment of our satellite office in Emaar Square, Downtown Dubai. Following our aim of bringing innovation and creating a difference in the Pakistani property market, we are introducing a completely unique and high-end standard of living. A great volume of Pakistanis are living in Dubai, working for a promising future, and aspiring for a home back home. Eighteen’s commitment to introduce destination living to Pakistan, effectively caters to the need of delivering international standards locally.” This is a high point for Pakistan as it becomes host to the world class real estate projects demonstrating potential for attracting future investments in this fast-developing sector. PRESS RELEASE

Iran accuses kSA, Russia for taken oil market as ‘hostage’ LONDON agencies

Iran’s Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) governor said on Saturday that Saudi Arabia and Russia have taken the oil market ‘hostage’ as US President Donald Trump seeks to impose fresh sanctions on Iranian oil sales. Washington wants to cut Iran’s oil exports to zero by November, and is encouraging producers such as Saudi Arabia, other OPEC members and Russia to pump more to meet the shortfall. “Russia and Saudi Arabia claim they seek to balance the global oil market, but they are trying to take over a part of Iran’s share,” Hossein Kazempour Ardebili was quoted as saying by SHANA, the oil ministry’s news agency. “Trump’s efforts to cut Iran’s access to the global crude market has prompted Russia and Saudi Arabia to take the market hostage,” he said. Kazempour Ardebili said that the United States will find it difficult to cut Iran’s oil exports completely as the oil market is already tight and rival producers cannot make up the shortfall. On Saturday he accused Moscow and Riyadh of welcoming sanctions against Iran for their own gain, and warned that such actions would damage the credibility of OPEC. “Saudi Arabia and UAE are turning the OPEC into a US tool,” he said. Under pressure from Trump to lower oil prices, the OPEC and allies agreed in June to boost production, having participated in a supply-cutting deal in place since 2017. While OPEC production has increased since then, Saudi Arabia has added less crude than it initially indicated.

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RESIDENT Donald Trump is urging his administration to move ahead with slapping tariffs on $200 billion of Chinese goods, according to a person familiar with the plans. The timing of an announcement remains unclear. Trump met with top aides earlier this week on the tariff issue and directed aides to proceed with plan. “The president has been clear that he and his administration will continue to take action to address China’s unfair trade practices,” said Lindsay Walters, a White House spokeswoman. “We encourage China to address the longstanding concerns raised by the Unites States.” Representatives from Commerce and USTR could not be immediately reached for comment on the status of the administration’s plan. The president took to Twitter on Thursday saying he had the upper hand in the trade war with China. “We are under no pressure to make a deal with China, they are under pressure to make a deal with us,” Trump tweeted. The threat came as Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin has been working to break a stalemate between the two countries in the hopes

‘PRESIDENT AND HIS ADMINISTRATION WILL CONTINUE TO ACT AGAINST CHINA’S UNFAIR TRADE PRACTICES’ of ending the escalating trade war between the world’s biggest economies. This week, Mnuchin extended an invitation to China to resume talks before the newest round of tariffs are imposed. Trump’s top economic adviser, Larry Kudlow, said Wednesday that the US government had received information that “the top of the Chinese government wished to pursue talks” prompting Mnuchin to send an invitation. China welcomed the offer, saying that both governments were discussing details for a new round of negotiations. “The escalation of trade conflicts doesn’t benefit either side’s interests,” Chinese Commerce Ministry spokesman Gao Feng said Thursday. A Treasury spokesman declined to comment. The next round of US tariffs on Chinese goods is likely to make thousands of products, including dishwashers, Fitbit fitness trackers and

China to create three ‘green economic belts’ in BRI countries BEIJING: China has launched cross-border partnerships with several international nongovernmental and civic organizations to create three “green economic belts” in countries involved in the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), including Pakistan. Three belts will be created using poplar trees, under a plan released by the China Green Foundation at the Belt and Road International Forum on Public Cooperation for Ecological Remediation, which was held in Wuwei, Gansu province, the China Daily reported. The belts are expected to start in Northwest China and connect countries in Central and West Asia, such as Pakistan, Kazakhstan, Iran and Turkey. “Under the plan, a cooperative partnership will be established to encourage more exchanges of experience in developing a green economy in different countries,” said Green Foundation Chairman Chen Shuxian. Poplar trees now cover about 648,000 hectares worldwide, according to the foundation. Most of them are located in 17 countries involved in the BRI. China holds 61 per cent of the world’s total

poplar tree forests, which provide important economic value to people. For example, the poplar forest covering an area of 31,840 hectares in Hotan, Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region, generates an annual income of 672 million yuan ($98 million), according to the National Forestry and Grassland Administration. In inner Mongolia’s Ejin Banner, residents developed a tourism industry themed on poplar tree forests, which attracted more than 1.1 million tourists from home and abroad in 2015 and which has generated 1.4 billion yuan annually. During the forum, the foundation also announced the launch of an international ecological restoration fund, drawn from donations worldwide to promote a green economy in countries involved in the BRI. He said the BRI focuses on a common development, with its goal of achieving win-win cooperation in line with the 2030 Agenda. Through the forum and the cooperative mechanism, he said, China can better share its experience with civic organizations and collaborate to advance ecological remediation in other countries. app

LAHORE: Man sharpens a knife in his shop ahead of Ashura.

Volvo seeks US tariff exemption for Chinese-made SUV Volvo Cars has asked the Trump administration to exempt the company’s Chinese-made mid-size XC60 SUV from new 25 per cent tariffs, the latest automaker to seek relief from new levies on imports from China. The automaker confirmed it has sought an exemption with the US Trade Representative’s Office (USTR) for the popular vehicle that accounted for nearly a third of its US sales in August. “The imposition of the additional 25 per cent duty on mid-size SUVs would cause severe economic harm,” Volvo said in an August 16 letter to USTR that has not been previously reported. “The burden of the 25% duty imposed on vehicles imported from China will also be borne by American

consumers.” Earlier this week, Volvo Cars and its Chinese owner Geely postponed plans to float shares in the Swedish carmaker, blaming trade tensions and a downturn in automotive stocks. The XC60 in August accounted for 31% of Volvo’s US sales. Volvo said the XC60 was initially built only in Sweden and then it added production in China. From January to early March, Volvo was sourcing vehicles from both countries but since March US XC60s have only come from China, the company said. Volvo recently started commercial production at its new Charleston, South Carolina plant, where it is building S60 sedans, it told USTR, “but over time given our global manufacturing footprint we

could also anticipate production of the XC60 in the US as well.” A Volvo spokesman did not comment on whether new tariffs have affected vehicles now in US showrooms or if the levies will prompt price increases. The Trump administration imposed new 25% tariffs on $34 billion in Chinese goods in July, including on Chinese-made vehicles. Volvo cited General Motors Co’s July 30 request seeking an exemption for its Chinese-made Buick Envision SUV in its petition. GM’s petition suggested a cap of 40,000 vehicles that could be exempted while Volvo suggested that the government not impose any cap. USTR has not ruled on either petition but has said if it grants exclu-

sions they will apply retroactively to the data the tariffs were imposed in July. GM said in a separate response to Volvo’s petition filed with USTR that it disagreed with Volvo’s request, arguing Volvo should “submit its own exemption request to be adjudicated on the merits.” GM, the largest US automaker, told USTR Envision sales in China and the United States would generate funds “to invest in our US manufacturing facilities and to develop the next generation of automotive technology in the United States.” Geely, which paid Ford Motor Co $1.8 billion for Volvo in 2010, also has stakes in MercedesBenz parent Daimler, truckmaker AB Volvo and Lotus. news desk

food seasonings, more expensive for American consumers. The Trump administration has already imposed 25 per cent tariffs on $50 billion worth of Chinese goods. Trump has said the tariffs are necessary to punish Beijing for what he says are its unfair trade practices and intellectual property theft. China, which has accused the United States of trade bullying, has matched the tariffs dollar for dollar. Beijing has pledged to hit back again with tariffs on another $60 billion of US exports, including meat, coffee, furniture and auto parts. Trade negotiations last month involving lower level officials from the two countries ended without any breakthroughs. A previous series of negotiations that included Mnuchin, Kudlow and other top economic officials fell apart as Trump pressed ahead with tariffs. The comment period on the administration’s proposal to impose $200 billion in tariffs ended earlier this month, and it’s been unclear what revisions to the plan will be made. Trump has also threatened another round of tariffs on $267 billion of Chinese goods. If imposed, those tariffs would bring the total imports from China subject to penalties to more than $500 billion. That’s roughly the same as the $505 billion in good that the US imported from China last year.

China says Russian involvement pivotal in Belt and Road Initiative BEIJING: Russia is China’s major partner in the implementation of the Chinese government’s development strategy Belt and Road Initiative, yu Jun, adviser at the Chinese Foreign Ministry’s Department of European-Central Asian Affairs, said on Saturday. “Russia remains China’s most important partner within the Belt and Road Initiative, and the high level of the political relations between the two countries has opened the door to comprehensive mutually beneficial cooperation,” yu said at the Russia-China investment cooperation forum, which is currently underway in Beijing. He said that the Chinese side was happy with the results of Russia-China bilateral cooperation, which the population of the two countries had contributed to. “The trade and economic relations between the two countries have stabilized and remain steady. For seven years already, China has remained Russia’s major trade partner,” yu specified. He went on to say that both China and Russia supported open regional policy and stable global development. yu recalled that the two sides had achieved significant progress not only in the cooperation related to the BRI, but in the cooperation within the Eurasian Economic Union as well, over the past few years. The Belt and Road Initiative was first announced by Chinese President Xi Jinping in 2013. It aims at strengthening the cooperation between the Eurasian countries and accelerating economic growth. On Wednesday, Russian President Vladimir Putin accepted Xi’s invitation to attend the second summit of the initiative, scheduled for 2019. agencies

‘FtA between Pakistan, turkey imperative for bilateral growth’ ISLAMABAD: Former ambassador Shahid Amin has said that Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between Pakistan and Turkey can potentially increase bilateral trade. In an interview on Saturday, he said that the relations between the two countries have always been good, especially given that both nations share the same broader cultural roots. He said that high-level delegations from different countries have been visiting Pakistan to renew their relations with new Pakistani government. “Turkey and Azerbaijan are the only countries that openly support the stance of Pakistan on Indian-held Kashmir and Turkey is on the opinion that the dispute can only be resolved through dialogue and diplomacy and not through use of force,” he added. Former ambassador Zafar Hilali also said that the reputation of Turkey is up to the standard internationally and is among the countries that made economic development in short period of time. He said that there will be an improved in economies of both the countries through FTA, adding that there is a trade imbalance between Pakistan and Turkey right now. staff RepORt


14 SPORTS

Sunday, 16 September, 2018

PSG make lIGHT of mbaPPe, NeymaR abSeNce IN PaRc STRoll London

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YLIAN Mbappe and Neymar watched on from the stands as Paris Saint-Germain prepared for their Champions League trip to Liverpool with an emphatic 4-0 win over Saint-Etienne in Ligue 1 on Friday. Julian Draxler, Edinson Cavani, Angel di Maria and youngster Moussa Diaby all found the net at the Parc des Princes to allow PSG to make it five wins from five games at the start of their defence of the French title. It was a fine win for PSG, who have already scored 17 goals in the league this season, and Thomas Tuchel is the first coach to win his first five league games in charge of the club. "We've won five times and that shows we still have a hunger to continue winning," said Tuchel. However, there is little doubt that PSG will face a far tougher examination at Anfield in their opening Champions League group outing than they did here against Saint-Etienne. "I'm pleased also that we've played without having our heads turned by the game on Tuesday," added PSG's German coach. "I've got ideas (as to his line-up) but I'm still reflecting on them. I'll talk to the key players and I'll be watching Liverpool's game against Tottenham tomorrow and decide on Monday." Mbappe was absent as he began a three-match ban handed down following his red card in the win at Nimes just before the international break, and Neymar sat alongside him in the crowd, rested after playing for Brazil in a friendly in the United States in midweek. Being without the two most expensive players in the world was not a problem for the reigning champions, with Tuchel able to give Draxler his first start of the season while midfielder Marco

Paire Davis cup gamble pays off for france, croatia lead USa Washington agencieS

Verratti appeared in a Ligue 1 game for the first time since March. There was also a debut for Spanish left-back Juan Bernat following his recent move from Bayern Munich, and while the visitors started well enough, PSG never looked back after taking the lead midway through the first half. Verratti's ball over the top found Draxler in the box, with the German midfielder controlling the ball with his head and then nodding it over SaintEtienne goalkeeper Stephane Ruffier. The Saint-Etienne players were wearing shirts carrying the name of William Gomis, a former youth player at the club who was shot dead in the south of France earlier this week. PSG's second goal arrived just after half-time,

with Cavani converting a penalty, his third goal in as many games this season, after he had been chopped down in the box by Loic Perrin. Earlier on Friday, Nice shook off the absence of Mario Balotelli as they came from behind to beat Rennes 2-1 on the Cote d'Azur. A Malang Sarr own goal had allowed Rennes to take the lead, but Allan Saint-Maximin equalised before Pierre Lees-Melou's 89th-minute winner for Patrick Vieira's side. Lyon warm up for their Champions League trip to Manchester City next midweek by going to Caen on Saturday evening. France's other Champions League contenders are Monaco, who face in-form Toulouse away on Saturday night before hosting Atletico Madrid on Tuesday.

England's Foster retires from cricket

Serena Hotel sponsors Save Tomorrow III Rugby match Islamabad: Serena Hotels sponsored the Karim Khan Afridi Welfare Foundation Save Tomorrow III Rugby Matches at the Pakistan Sports Board (PSB) Sports Complex facilities on the occasion of International Overdose Awareness Day. Aimed at raising drug awareness and the losses because of overdose, Save Tomorrow III encourages the youth to engage in sports. International Overdose Awareness Day is a global event held on August 31st each year and aims to raise awareness of overdose and reduce the stigma of legal and illegal drug-related deaths. It also acknowledges the grief felt by families and friends remembering those who have met with death or permanent injury as a result of drug overdose. Shireen Mazari, Federal Minister for Human Rights, was the chief guest. She stated the new government will support all activities related to drug abuse. The winners of the Rugby Match between Islamabad and Punjab were Islamabad. Staff RepoRt

london: Former England wicket-keeper James Foster is to retire from cricket when his Essex contract expires at the end of the season and move into coaching. The 38-year-old rose through the ranks at Essex from his days as a junior cricketer when he also represented England Under-19s. He went on to make seven Test appearances for England and 11 in one-day internationals, while at domestic level he captained Essex, based in Chelmsford, east of London, to the 2017 County Championship title. "It has been a real privilege to play for my home county and I am extremely proud to have represented England," said Foster, widely regarded as one of the best wicket-keepers of his generation, in a statement. "Whilst playing has now come to an end, I am incredibly excited about the next phase of my career," added Foster, who has moved into coaching roles both at school level and with a number of Twenty20 sides, including Australia's Sydney Thunder. "Thank you to all the Essex players for making it such an enjoyable changing room

and winning the County Championship in 2017 was one of my happiest memories," said Foster, who made his Test debut against India in Mohali in December 2001 and was, in the eyes of many observers, unfortunate not to win more Test caps. "What I appreciated most at the club was the way coaches, management, support staff, stewards and supporters have always made my family feel so welcome at the club, for that, I am truly grateful." Foster, who made his County Championship in August 2000, scored 13,761 firstclass runs at an average of 36.69, including 23 hundred with a highest score of 212 against Leicestershire in 2004. He also had 839 first-class dismissals to his credit. Essex captain Ryan ten Doeschate said: "Fozzy has been the rock at Essex for all of the time I've played here, the most thorough professional and a cherished friend through thick and thin. "Over the last 15 years he has been a big presence and a great example in the dressing room, we are going to miss him next season." agencieS

Davis Cup rookie Benoit Paire helped holders France to a 2-0 semi-final lead over Spain with Croatia in command against the United States by the same margin after Friday's opening singles. France captain Yannick Noah had admitted that handing Paire a Davis Cup debut in a semi-final was "not an easy choice" but the gamble paid off handsomely. The bearded 29-year-old enjoyed what he termed "a dream" 7-5, 6-1, 6-0 defeat of Pablo Carreno Busta to get Noah's defending champions off to a perfect start in less than two hours. "I've waited a long time for this," smiled Paire, the world number 54 who showed no signs of the hotheaded streak that cost him a $16,500 fine for an epic three-smashed-racket meltdown in Washington last month. "I never had the choice before now and though it's been a long time, hopefully it's not too late for me and I'll get more chances." If Paire's win was straightforward, Lucas Pouille's nerve jangling five set victory over Roberto Bautista-Agut in the following match was anything but. The French number one fought back from losing the first set to win 3-6, 7-6, 6-4, 2-6, 6-4 and leave France one point away from a date in the final in November. Pouille took to the court at Lille's Stade Pierre-Mauroy after an indifferent build-up and he struggled to find consistency, his play ranging from the sublime to the not so sublime. His 87 unforced errors only complicated his task but he never relented and his persistency prevailed. He recovered well from losing the first set to level on the tiebreak. Then followed his best form to go 2-1 up, only to let his Spanish rival back in the game in the fourth. Breaking at 5-4 in the finale he still required three match points to put France's second point up on the board, to the delight of the home fans after a classic three hours and 41 minutes of Davis Cup action.

No Guardiola guarantee for man city star Sane London agencieS

Pep Guardiola has said Leroy Sane must face down the challenge posed within Manchester City’s deep and talented squad if he is to win back his starting place with the Premier League champions. City have made a strong, unbeaten start to their title defence but German international Sane, voted the young player-of-the-year last season in England, has yet to start a game. He has played just 30 minutes, spread over three substitute appearances, for Guardiola, following a pre-season in which he was surprisingly omitted from Germany's World Cup squad. Sane also missed a Germany international last week due to "personal reasons" reported to be connected with the birth of his daughter, while Germany legend Toni Kroos questioned his teammate’s attitude and "body language" Manchester City manager Guardiola defended his winger from those accusations and insisted Sane will have a vital part to play in the champions' season, which continues at home to Fulham on Saturday.

Dale Steyn back in South Africa ODI squad after two-year hiatus Johannesburg agencieS

Fast bowler Dale Steyn was on Friday named in a 16-man South African squad for three one-day internationals (ODI) against Zimbabwe, starting on September 30. Steyn, 35, has been plagued by injuries in recent years and has not played ODI since October 2016. But he recently stated his determination to finish his white-ball career by playing in the 2019 Cricket World Cup in England. Steyn made a comeback to international cricket after shoulder and foot injuries when he played in two Tests in Sri

Lanka in July but he only took two wickets at a cost of 89.50 runs each. He has subsequently shown a return to form during a stint with English county Hampshire, taking 20 wickets in five first-class matches at an average of 19.10. Christiaan Jonker, who made 49 in a promising debut in the third and final T20 international against India in February, is the only newcomer in the one-day squad. Batsman David Miller and wicketkeeper-batsman Quinton de Kock have been rested for the one-day series but will play in a three-match T20 series. Two uncapped batsmen, Gihahn Cloete and Rassie van der Dussen, were included in the T20 squad. Selection convener Linda Zondi said

the squads were part of an ongoing process to assess talent ahead of the World Cup. “We still have one-day series after this one against Australia, Pakistan and Sri Lanka as we get closer to finalising our likely World Cup squad,” he said. Faf du Plessis was named as captain of both squads, subject to fitness assessments. He suffered a shoulder injury in Sri Lanka in August and said on his return to South Africa that he would miss the Zimbabwe series rather than return to action too soon. Cricket South Africa said in a statement that if Du Plessis was not fully fit a replacement captain would be named nearer the time.

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SPORTS 15

Sunday, 16 September, 2018

aSIa cUP wIll GIve 2019 woRlD cUP PoINTeRS dubai

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RICKET teams will have their eyes fixed firmly on the 2019 World Cup as take part in the Asia Cup 2018. Defending champions India, who have won the Asia Cup six times, are led by dashing opener Rohit Sharma as regular captain and world-class batsman Virat Kohli is rested after a gruelling tour of England. Sri Lanka, hot on India's heels with five titles, two-time winners Pakistan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan and qualifiers Hong Kong complete the line-up. Sharma said although a lot cricket is to be played between now and the World Cup, to be held in England between May 30 to July 15 next year, the Asia Cup can help in the build-up. "In a way you can say that (the Asia Cup is a build-up) because every team wants to go to the World Cup wanting to know their combination," Sharma said at a press conference. "But having said that it's important to focus on the job at hand rather

than thinking too far ahead. All the teams and players have a great opportunity to do well and stake claims for the World Cup squad." Pakistan captain Sarfraz Ahmed described the event as a "journey towards" next year's tournament in England. "Yes, there are still eight months to the World Cup, we have to play a lot of cricket before that. But yes the Asia Cup is a continuation of the journey towards the World Cup," Sarfraz said. Sri Lankan captain Angelo

Mathews and Bangladesh's Mashrafe Mortaza described the Asia Cup as the process towards the World Cup. "It's a process and in a tournament like this we have to find the right combination with an eye on the World Cup," said Mathews. Mortaza believed his team has worked hard for the Asia Cup. "Asia Cup is an important tournament so we have done a good homework for it and build-up towards the World Cup which is still far," said Mortaza. IndIa-PakIstan clash

The highlight of the Asia Cup remains a high-profile group match between arch-rivals Pakistan and India on Wednesday in Dubai. They have a rich tradition of playing in the neighbouring state of Sharjah, where their matches took place from 1984-2000, but have not toured United Arab Emirates since 2006, when they played a twomatch series in Abu Dhabi. Sharma admitted it will be an exciting clash, the first between the neighbours since Pakistan won the Champions Trophy final in London in June last year. "Yes, it will be exciting to play Pakistan here after a long gap but by no way I am saying it's the only game," Sharma said. "The focus is on the whole tournament as other teams are also eyeing the title." Pakistan, India and Hong Kong are in Group A while Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Afghanistan form Group B. The top two teams from each group will qualify for the Super Four and the top two teams from Super Four will play the September 28 final in Dubai. Five Asia Cup matches will be played in Abu Dhabi.

Final of PSL’s fourth edition will be held in Karachi Pakistani players to wear ‘championship mindset’ wristbands during asia cup dubai Staff RepoRt

Pakistan players will wear the ‘championship mindset’ wristbands during the 2018 Asia Cup for motivation and positive mindset. In a video of Pakistan cricket team Facebook page, the player including captain Sarfraz Ahmed talked about the impact and significance of the band. “During our recent training session at Kakul military academy, our coach Micky Arthur gave these bands to us so that whenever we feel down or negative, these will give us strength to be positive,” Sarfraz Ahmed said, adding that till the World Cup the national team is very busy so in tough times, this will be a great help. All-rounder Muhammad Nawaz said that: “We have a tough cricket ahead in next four-to-five months and after seeing this band, I plan for the future tours with motivations.” “Out coach made these especially for us so that our mindset remains positive and that of a champion,” fast bowler Hassan Ali said, adding the whole team is wearing these bands.

Pakistan train ahead of match with India

Lahore Staff RepoRt

The Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) on Saturday announced that the final of fourth edition of Pakistan Super League (PSL) will take place in Karachi on March 17,

2019. The board said that PSL 4 will officially launch on February 4. The final match for PSL 1 was held in dubai due to security reasons. The second was held in Lahore. In PSL 2018, there were three games that

London

dubai The highlight of the Asia Cup remains a highprofile group match between arch-rivals Pakistan and India on Wednesday in Dubai. They have a rich tradition of playing in the neighbouring state of Sharjah, where their matches took place from 1984-2000, but have not toured the United Arab Emirates since 2006 when they played a twomatch series in Abu Dhabi.

Lahore MuhSen ali

SOME SOCIAL MEDIA USERS SKEPTICAL ABOUT THE EXISTENCE OF ICE LAKES IN AJK People shared their mixed reaction when the state government invited cricketers of the Lahore Qalandar team to play ice cricket on the frozen lakes in the snow-clad mountainous areas of Azad Jammu Kashmir. The difference between the ice cricket and other forms of the cricket played in the winter is that the ice cricket is played directly on the ice, no mat is laid down. An international ice cricket tournament has been played on the Lake St Moritz in Switzerland since 1988 and now in Estonia every year since 2004. The results are a little more unpredictable and provide more fun and variety. The ball is the same as an indoor cricket ball, a composite plastic red ball which makes it relatively easy to find if it gets hit into a snowdrift. The Kashmiri president invited the cricketers to play the ice cricket during the winter season on one of the selected frozen lakes, situated in scenic Neelum Valley area and in some other districts of the state. Soon after the president’s statement, some social media users questioned the presence of the ice lakes in this part of the divided state. “President Masood Khan has very rightly suggested ice cricket matches in Azad Jammu Kashmir as there are several lakes in different parts of the state that include one in Ratti Gali in Neelum Valley and another at Banjosa near Rawalakot district,” Khizar Hayat Abbasi, the press secretary of the president, confirmed. “It is an interesting fact about the main lake in Ratti Gali in the Neelum Valley that a part of it remains frozen even in the summer season,” he said. Jalaluddin Mughal, a local journalist from the valley, also confirmed that all the lakes including Ratti Gali were remained frozen during the winter. “Even these (lakes) are not so easy to reach during the (winter) season,” he said. Some Facebook users shared pictures of the frozen lakes while some questioned that individuals may walk on these frozen waters, but no one can play cricket or any game due to a snowdrift. “How you can invite a national team from Pakistan without fieldwork,” a user said. “Ice turf can be arranged for the ice cricket, as this initiative will support and boost tourism in the state,” another user pointed out. Former chief justice of AJK Supreme Court Manzoor Hussain Gillani questioned the fielding capacity of the Banjosa lake. In fact, “the Ratti Gali lake is feasible being sufficient in length and breadth,” he said and pointed out that he was not able to accept Ratti Gali and Banjosa as lakes. “Of course, they are bigger water ponds or water reservoirs,” he said. “Is the thickness of both (the lakes) sufficient enough to bear the load of (the cricket) teams,” he questioned. Sharing pictures of the frozen Banjosa lake, senior Kashmiri journalist Abid Siddique said that the people can walk on the lake. Currently, it is being debated that whether it is possible to play ice cricket in the Kashmiri state or not, but this initiative will boost tourism in the region. It is pertinent to mention here that the Ice Cricket World Championship is held annually in the Estonian city of Tallinn. With winter temperatures of minus 10 to minus 25, the tournaments are played on Harku boating lake, which freezes over rapidly in early January.

I was called ‘Osama’ by Australia player: Moeen Ali agencieS

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were played including the final in Karachi and two other playoffs in Lahore. The PSL 3 final match was played between Peshawar Zalmi and Islamabad United in the port city. Nearly 32,000 had turned up to watch the match.

cricketers invited to play on frozen kashmir lakes

England all-rounder Moeen Ali claims he was subjected to a racial taunt from an unnamed Australian player during the first Test of the 2015 Ashes series, reported The Guardian. Ali, who scored 77 and took five wickets in what was his first Ashes match, said in his autobiography which is being serialised by The Times that he was likened to the Islamic terrorist Osama bin Laden on the pitch at Cardiff. “It was a great first Ashes Test in terms of my personal performance,” Moeen writes in the book. “However, there was one incident which had distracted me. An Australian player had turned to me on the field and said, ‘Take that, Osama’. “I could not believe what I had heard. I remember going really red. I have never been so angry on a cricket field.”

Moeen, a British-born Muslim, claims he spoke to his England coach, Trevor Bayliss, about the slur, who raised it with the Australia coach, Darren Lehmann. Lehmann then sought an explanation from the player, who denied making the comment. “Lehmann asked the player, ‘Did you call Moeen ‘Osama’?’ He denied it, saying, “No, I said, ‘Take that, you parttimer.’ “I must say I was amused when I heard that for there is a world of difference between the words ‘Osama’ and ‘parttimer’,” Moeen writes. “Although I couldn’t have mistaken ‘part-timer’ for ‘Osama’, obviously I had to take the

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player’s word for it, though for the rest of the match I was angry.” Moeen said the player approached him at the end of the series, at which point he denied making the comment and claimed “some of my best friends are Muslim”. “I did not argue with him,” writes Moeen. “But I was so clear that is what he said. Why should I invent it out of the blue? I’ve got nothing against him. I have never had any fights with him before. I did not even know the guy. And I thought his denial was a standard response.” Earlier this week, Moeen told The Times he had no sympathy for Australia’s banned cricketers and that he finds the whole team “rude”.

Australian cricket was thrown into turmoil earlier this year when captain Steve Smith, vice-captain David Warner and batsman Cameron Bancroft were banned after a ball-tampering scandal during a Test in South Africa. Much of the cricketing world reacted with a mix of anger and schadenfreude, with media pundits and former players suggesting Australia had brought themselves undone with the aggressive way they played the game. “Everyone you speak to … they are the only team I’ve played against my whole life that I’ve actually disliked,” Moeen told The Times. “Not because its Australia and they are the old enemy but because of the way they carry on and [their] disrespect of people and players.” Moeen, who had a terrible 2017-18 Ashes in Australia but returned to form to help England beat India 4-1 in the recent test series, said he felt no sympathy for Smith, Warner and Bancroft.


Sunday, 16 September, 2018

NEWS

sc upholds supremacy of parliament, declares cci suBservient institution DETAILED JUDGEMENT SAYS CCI HAS NO ROLE IN LEGISLATIVE PROCESS WITH RESPECT TO MATTERS ENUMERATED IN FEDERAL LEGISLATIVE LIST ISLAMABAD

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N a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court (SC) has upheld the supremacy of the parliament over all institutions and declared that the Council of Common Interests (CCI) stands subservient to the parliament and is not superior to it. A three-judge bench of the court, headed by Chief Justice of Pakistan Mian Saqib Nisar and comprising Justice Mushir Alam and Justice Sajjad Ali Shah, was hearing a case pertaining to dissolution of Pakistan Medical and Dental Council (PMDC). In the hearing, the court issued a detailed verdict on the matter and formed

an ad hoc body through its January 12 short order. The detailed judgement, authored by the CJP, elaborates on constitutional issues including the role of CCI and the parliament. The 39-page verdict authored by the chief justice says, “The CCI does not have a supervisory role over the functions of parliament, since it is responsible to parliament under the constitution. “Parliament, without any restriction or constraint, has absolute and unfettered authority to make laws with respect to the matters enumerated in the federal legislative list, without requiring any approval or assent from any forum or authority in the country, including the CCI.” The court ruled that “the CCI has no

role in the legislative process with respect to the matters enumerated in the federal legislative list, rather it is restricted to formulation and regulation of policies in relation to the said matters, and that too contained only in part II of such list.” Interpreting the constitutional provisions on the powers of the CCI, the apex court elaborated that ordinances, if not laid before the CCI before promulgation, could not be declared invalid. “Once policies are finalised, the CCI cannot interfere in the legislative process, nor can any legislation be struck down for the reason that the CCI was not involved in the relevant legislative process,” the judgment said. The court also declared that re-promulgation of ordinances not approved or disapproved by the parliament is a fraud on the constitution and a subversion of democratic legislative processes. Likewise, the top court also discussed the power of president to promulgate the ordinance. The ruling says, “Any

amendment/insertion/introduction made by an ordinance would not survive after its lapse/repeal. If, notwithstanding the fact that an ordinance promulgated under Article 89 of the constitution expires through efflux of time, the amendments made by it to a permanent statute, ie an act of parliament, are allowed to possess a permanent character, then this will virtually amount to giving plenary power of making permanent legislation to the executive; it would be tantamount to providing the executive a machinery to bypass the constitutional mandate of the legislature and this we cannot permit, being absolutely against the spirit of the constitution which embodies the important principles of democracy and trichotomy of powers.” The court observed that the ordinance-making power under Article 89 of the Constitution does not constitute the president into a parallel source of law making or an independent legislative authority.

Violent protests in Kashmir after India kills 6 ‘militants’ iran orders closure of a pro-reform newspaper TEHRAN AGENCIES

Iranian media are reporting that the country's General Prosecutor has ordered the closure of a reformist newspaper on charges of insulting the Shiite religion. The Friday reports say that the "Sedayeh Eslahat" newspaper was ordered shut down for publishing an article on female-to-male gender reassignment surgery. The prosecutor, Mohammad Jafar Montazeri, ordered the editor be punished, too, the reports said. On Thursday, a headline on the newspaper's front page read: "Ruqayyah became Mahdi after 22 years." Ruqayyah was the daughter of Hussein, a Shiite Imam, and the article was published during Mu?arram, a holiday in which Shiite Muslims mourn the death of Imam Hussein, the grandson of the prophet Muhammad. According to Shiite beliefs, Mahdi is the name of the 12th Shiite Imam who has lived since the 9th century.

SRINAGAR AGENCIES

Indian security forces killed six suspected militants during a gunbattle in Occupied Kashmir on Saturday, triggering violent anti-India protests in the disputed Himalayan region. Indian troops laid a siege around a southern village in Qazigund area overnight on a tip that militants were hiding there, police said. A fierce gunbattle erupted early on Saturday, and hours later, six local Kashmiri militants were killed.

The slain militants allegedly belonged to the region's largest group Hizbul Mujahideen, police said. The fighting sparked anti-India protests and clashes as hundreds of residents tried to march to the site of the battle in solidarity with the militants. Government forces fired warning shots, shotgun pellets and tear gas at the stone-throwing protesters, injuring at least six people. Most Kashmiris support the militant cause that the territory be united either under Pakistani rule or as an independent country while

also participating in civilian street protests against Indian control. In recent years, mainly young Kashmiris have displayed open solidarity with rebels and sought to protect them by engaging troops in street clashes during military operations. Militants have been fighting Indian control since 1989. India accuses Pakistan of arming and training the rebels, a charge Islamabad denies. Nearly 70,000 people have been killed in the uprising and the ensuing Indian military crackdown.

Bangladesh crush sri lanka in asia cup opener BANGLADESH 261 (MUSHFIQUR 144, MITHUN 63, MALINGA 4-23) V SRI LANKA 124 (PERERA 29, MUSTAFIZUR 2-20, MIRAZ 2-21) DUBAI AGENCIES

Bangladesh won the opening match of Asia Cup against Sri Lanka by 137 runs after Mushfiqur Rahim’s propelling ton and an all-round bowling effort to reduce the opposition on a mere 124. Batting first after winning the toss, Bangladesh made 261 in 49.3 overs and then bowled out Sri Lanka for 131 runs in 35 overs. Main scorers for Sri Lanka were Dilruwan Perera (29), Upul Tharanga (27) and Suranga Lakmal (20) while for Bangladesh Mustafizur Rahman, Mehidy Hasan Miraz and Mashrafe Mortaza claimed two wickets each. The Man of the Match was wicketkeeper-batsman Mushfiqur Rahim, who batted bravely to help Bangladesh setting a difficult target of 262. He came at the crease after recalled Sri Lankan paceman Lasith Malinga removed Liton Das and Shakib Al Hasan for ducks in the very first over of the match. Bangladesh’s start became more disastrous when opener Tamim Iqbal retired hurt at the total of just two runs on the board. However, Mushfiqur played a fighting innings to take out his team from trouble and steered his team to 261, made off 49.3 overs. The 31year-old wicketkeeper-batsman, during the process, completed his sixth ODI century and was the last man to be out after making 144 runs from 150 balls with eleven fours and four sixes. This was the highest score he made so far in his 12-year ODI career of 188 matches. Mushfiqur was ably supported by Mohammad Mithan, who contributed an aggressive 63 from 68 balls with five fours and two towering sixes. Both added 131 for the third wicket. Opener Tamim Iqbal, who retired hurt after just making two runs, came to bat again at fall of the ninth wicket and batted one-handedly to help Mushfiqur add 32 runs for the last wicket. For Sri Lanka, Malinga captured four wickets for 23 runs in his first match in 13 months while off-break bowler Dhananjhaya de Silva took two for 38. Rahim added 131 for the third wicket with Mohammad Mithun (63) to lead the recovery after recalled Sri Lankan paceman Lasith Malinga removed Liton Das and Shakib Al Hasan for ducks. Meanwhile, Tamim Iqbal will play no further part in the Asia Cup after fracturing his left wrist during Bangladesh’s tournament opener against Sri Lanka. The left-handed opener sustained the injury from only the third ball he faced when a Suranga Lakmal delivery struck him. Tamim briefly received treatment from the team physio but was forced to retire hurt on two not out at the Dubai International Stadium and is now expected to be out of action for six weeks. The 29-year-old is Bangladesh’s all-time leading run-scorer and centurion in ODI cricket and his absence will come as a significant blow to the team’s hopes in the tournament. The second match of the tournament will be played between Pakistan and Hong Kong in Group A on Sunday at the same venue.

Govt’s anti-sectarian ad featuring Pashteen, Wazir and Dawar ‘retracted’ LAHoRE AbdullAh NIAzI

Federal Information Minister Fawad Chaudhry late on Saturday night said that a Punjab Government television advertisement regarding security arrangements in Muharram, in which Pashtun Tahafuz Movement (PTM) leader Manzoor Pashteen, and two sitting MNAs from Waziristan, Ali Wazir and Mohsin Dawar, had been labelled proponents of hate speech and sectarianism has been retracted. The advertisement, which had been running on different television channels, encourages people to report, among other things, “speeches based on hateful or sectarian content” while running footage of Manzoor Pashteen speaking at a rally flanked by MNAs Ali Wazir and Mohsin Dawar.

As per Fawad Chaudhry, the advertisement has been retracted as soon as the mistake was brought to their attention. “This ad was immediately taken off as soon as it was brought to our attention. It was aired hardly a few times before channels were asked not to air such an ad. I urge people not to circulate this rejected version” he tweeted. It still remains to be seen, however, how the ad was allowed to go to the airing stage in the first place. While the PTM has often been called ‘anti-state’ and other such things by its detractors, calling it a sectarian movement borders on the realm of bizarre on the part of the Home Department which is responsible for the ad. “It would have been extremely offensive if something like this had been done by the federal government but it is made particularly worse coming from a

provincial government,” said NA-48 MNA Mohsin Dawar speaking to Pakistan Today. “The important point here is what Punjab wants to say about itself as a nation and as a people. That the people of the largest province of this country think us asking for our rights is hate speech and somehow sectarian?” Using images of two sitting federal legislators from the tribal regions along with Manzoor Pashteen to display ‘sectarian violence’ makes little sense as the PTM is a movement geared towards recognising the rights of Pashtuns and missing persons, and has nothing to do with sectarian issues of any kind. In fact, in its capacity as an anti-Taliban force, the PTM is actually an actively anti-sectarian movement that stands in the face of such discrimination

and violence. Police spokesperson Nayyab Haider also seemed confused regarding the ad. In a statement to Pakistan Today, he said the Punjab police were being extra vigilant regarding known sectarian groups, there were no orders to keep an eye on the PTM. “No ethnicity is being targeted as this would not make sense. Our goal is taking care of the sectarian problem for now and no other,” he said. When asked whether he thought there was a racial element to this, Mohsin Dawar agreed, saying that this is the sense they have gotten from this advertisement. “I knew people could be racist, but I never imagined that a state could be racist like this against its own people,” he added. “We are the elected represen-

Published by Arif Nizami at Plot No 79, Sector 24, Korangi Industrial Area Karachi. Ph: 021-35381208-9. Email: newsroom@pakistantoday.com.pk

CMYK

tatives of our people, and Manzoor is our leader. He is the leader of a national movement. How can they say our words are hate speech or sectarian?” questioned Dawar. While the ad was later retracted, Dawar did make a demand for an inquiry into how it was allowed to go on air in the first place. “This is a very dangerous and malicious act on behalf of the Punjab government, and if no inquiry is made, then we will have gotten a message from Punjab as to what they think of us asking for our rights,” he went on to say. Meanwhile, provincial information minister Fayaz Chohan remained unavailable for comment despite multiple attempts. The provincial secretary for the home department also remained unresponsive.

E-Paper PDF 16 September 2018 (KHI)  
E-Paper PDF 16 September 2018 (KHI)  
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