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Wednesday, 16 May, 2018 I Shaban 29, 1439 I Rs 17.00 I Vol VIII No 318 I 20 Pages I Karachi Edition

PPP MPs quit na law body after it summons nab chief

PM trying hard but nawaz refuses to budge g

STORY ON PAGE 03

SC wonders if apology is enough to ignore contempt g

fIVe-judge bench reserVes VerdIct In suo Motu conteMPt ProceedIngs on ManhandlIng of forMer cjP IftIkhar chaudhry by PolIce In 2007 STORY ON PAGE 02

rao tehseen comes back as radio Pakistan dg STORY ON BACK PAGE

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dePosed PM rejects nsc MeetIng stateMent as ‘worrIsoMe and frIghtenIng’

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abbasI suggests forMatIon of truth and reconcIlIatIon coMMIssIon, says natIonal securIty should not be Put at stake for PolItIcal PoInt scorIng

PM tells lawMakers In na nawaz sharIf’s stateMent was ‘MIsrePorted’ by IndIan MedIa ISLAMABAD

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MIAN ABRAR

rIMe Minister shahid khaqan abbasi again rubbished the ‘misreported’ comments attributed to deposed prime minister nawaz sharif, in the national assembly on tuesday whereas his party’s supreme leader stuck to his guns as he picked holes in the national security committee’s (nsc) “worrisome” statement issued the other day. speaking to reporters outside the accountability court, nawaz sharif outright rejected the nsc statement wherein the country’s top civil and military leadership had condemned his remarks concerning 2008 Mumbai attacks. he said it was “worrisome” and “frightening” that the statement is based on “misunderstandings” while referring to the meeting “suggested” by the military wherein his remarks were denounced as “misleading”. the three-time premier lamented that Pakistan has become isolated in the world, wondering if any country is standing with Pakistan at present [due to its foreign policy]. “former foreign minister khawaja

Court allows recording of Sharifs’ statements in Avenfield case uk remains ‘prime destination’ for Pakistani money launderers, says nca STORIES ON 10 & BACK PAGE

asif should be asked what the world said about Pakistan when he used to go abroad to represent the country,” he said. talking about the ‘dawn leaks’ saga in 2016, nawaz said at the time, national security leaders had talked about “putting our own house in order”, but the issue was turned into dawn leaks. “however, that was a fact,” he added. he also reiterated his demand for a national commission to “separate fact from fiction”. similarly, PM abbasi also suggested a truth and reconciliation commission be formed to probe into the statement made by nawaz while speaking on the floor of the national assembly.

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‘no compromise on speeches of nawaz, Maryam on PtV’

natIonal asseMbly standIng coMMIttee for law and justIce lIkely to aPProVe ProPosed aMendMent on wednesday STORY ON PAGE 02

Senate passes bill to prevent human trafficking

‘Iran can resume uranium enrichment’ CMYK

PTI terms PM Abbasi ‘Nawaz loyalist’, calls for another NSC moot

govt to approve 30th amendment to facilitate fata’s integration with kP

Iran, Europe try to save nuclear deal with few options STORIES ON PAGE 06

related story on pages 03 & 10

STORY ON BACK PAGE


02 NEWS

Wednesday, 16 May, 2018

SC woNderS If apology IS eNougH to IgNore CoNtempt FIVE-JUDGE BENCH RESERVES VERDICT IN SUO MOTU CONTEMPT PROCEEDINGS ON MANHANDLING OF FORMER CJP IFTIKHAR CHAUDHRY BY POLICE IN 2007 iSLamaBad

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HE Supreme Court judges on Tuesday wondered if an apology was enough to wrap up contempt proceedings of a person against whom there was video evidence of abusing the court, as they reserved the verdict in a case involving manhandling of ex-chief justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry by police officials in 2007. Former CJP Iftikhar had been roughed up by police and administration officials when he refused to ride an official car and attempted to march towards the Supreme Court to attend the proceedings of the Supreme Judicial Council. A five-member bench headed by

acting CJP Asif Saeed Khosa heard the suo motu contempt case against the senior police and administration officials. As the hearing went underway, former Islamabad inspector general of police Chaudhry Iftikhar’s counsel, Khalid Ranjha, informed the court that his client had submitted an unconditional apology and left himself at the court’s mercy. Justice Gulzar Ahmed wondered whether the court was bound to dismiss a contempt notice on the basis of an apology. Ranjha responded that the basis of his defence was an apology and he had no other strategy. Questioning the apology submitted in court, Justice Khosa questioned how it can be assumed that it is based on facts, adding that the court is yet to figure out why this treatment was meted out to a chief justice. Justice Khosa

stated further that those who gave the orders for the chief justice’s roughing up were yet to be identified. He questioned the genuineness of the apology as it could be a mere mindless action to wrap up contempt proceedings. “Should there be a yardstick to find out if the apology has been submitted with bonafide intent?” he asked, and warned that accused persons would be monitored in future. Justice Asmat Saeed Sheikh added that whether or not the apology was genuine, the court would have the ultimate say in whether or not to discharge contempt proceedings. Former chief commissioner Khalid Pervez’s counsel, Sardar Aslam asked the court to keep in mind its order in the Nehal Hashmi contempt case and do the same with his client. Justice Saeed remarked that

Hashmi was jailed for his offence and asked if the counsel was ready to accept that sentence for his client. After reserving the verdict, the court ordered all the accused to be present in court when the order is read out.

IHC reserves verdict on plea against Nawaz’s ‘anti-state’ remarks ISLAMABAD: The Islamabad High Court (IHC) on Tuesday reserved its verdict on a petition seeking action against former prime minister Nawaz Sharif’s controversial statement about the 2008 Mumbai attacks. The counsel of petitioners’, Babar Awan asserted that Nawaz Sharif committed “treason”. “This is the matter of violating the law,” he added. “Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) should be given orders to take action against Nawaz Sharif and a ban on broadcast of his speeches should also be imposed,” the petition demanded. Advocate Babar Awan quoted the example of the Lahore High Court orders to bar the speeches of the founder of Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) as a reference. The FIA director general, Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA) chairman and Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) chairman have been named as respondents in the petition. Deposed premier Nawaz Sharif, in an interview with a leading English daily, said that “militant organisations are active” in Pakistan and asked the interviewer if the state should allow them to cross the border and kill 150 people in Mumbai. STAFF REPORT

Govt to approve 30th Amendment to facilitate FATA’s integration with KP

ISLAMABAD: Nepalese Chief of Army Staff Rajendra Chhetri calls on Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi. INP

Pakistan fully committed to Chemical Weapons Convention, says Janjua iSLamaBad STAFF REPORT

“Pakistan remains fully committed to the objectives of CWC and continues to actively and constructively participate in OPCW’s work’ this was stated by Pakistan’s Foreign Secretary Ms Tehmina Janjua while speaking at the Seminar on Chemical Weapons Convention: Implementation and Challenges, organized by the Center for International Strategic Studies (CISS) Islamabad here on Tuesday. Ambassador Ali Sarwar Naqvi, ED, CISS, in his opening remarks, stated that CWC is deeply connected to customary international law and the International Humanitarian Law, specifically in the context of the prohibition of use of discriminate force and principle of use of proportional force. Foreign Secretary highlighted Pakistan’s exemplary role in the implementation of CWC. She underlined Pakistan’s strong commitment to the principles and objectives of CWC and said that Pakistan has also pledged adequate quantities of chemical protection equipment, which could be utilized by OPCW in case of chemical emergencies. Pakistan has hosted several regional and international capacity building courses including advanced international assistance and protection course. In this regard, the Foreign Secretary posited that in 2015 ‘Pakistan established a Regional CWC assistance and protection center in Islamabad, which was formally inaugurated

by Director General OPCW’, which is appreciated internationally. The Foreign Secretary categorically stated that Pakistan has been following the standards adopted by various multilateral export control regimes. She said, “Our national control lists and guidelines are consistent with those of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) and the Australia Group (AG). Madam Foreign Secretary appreciated the preeminence of women in the field and assured the male colleagues that their participation will help improve the

debate on these issues; while commemorating of leadership of women in Conference on Disarmament and other disarmament forums. Tariq Osman Haider, former expert member Oversight Board for Strategic Export Controls, underlined CWC contemporary relevance with Syrian issue and overarching threat of non-state actors. He reiterated that the current issues highlight significance of OPCW being accepted as an objective investigator despite political hurdles. He highlighted that Pakistan has been the member of Export Control of OPCW for several tenures of two years each. Most recently, Pakistan was selected to the Executive Committee of OPCW in 2017. He also acknowledged the need to preserve and strengthen the moral and public backing against CW and for support for the Convention. Dr. Javed Khursheed, Distinguished Fellow at CISS, focused mainly on implementation challenges to the CWC. He recommended that Pakistan should ensure a National Protection Program to ensure safety of people and environment. Dr. Khursheed emphasized the importance of effective communication with industry and enhancement of national capacity through academia. He also recommended that Pakistan should develop a national Center of Excellence for protection and assistance of use of chemical warfare agents with an advisory board handle all technical details.

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The federal government has decided to get the proposed 30th Amendment to the constitution approved before the incumbent National Assembly completes its term, a private media outlet reported on Tuesday. According to reports, the amendment would serve as a means to merge Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) province. National Assembly’s Standing Committee for Law and Justice would approve the proposed amendment on Wednesday. After approval from the committee, the government will present the bill for the 30th amendment in the parliament on Friday. Reports also said that Jamiat Ulema Islam-Fazl (JUI-F) chief Maulana Fazlur Rehman and Pashtunkhwa Milli Awami Party (PkMAP) leader Mahmood Khan Achakzai, both the two allies of ruling Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) government in the centre — remain angered over

FATA’s integration. The government, however, has opposition’s backing for approval of the bill. In April, President Mamnoon Hussain signed the Supreme Court and High Court (Extension of Jurisdiction to Fata) Bill 2017, extending the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court and Peshawar High Court to FATA. The president signed the ‘Supreme Court and High Court (Extension of Jurisdiction to Fata) Bill 2017′ on the recommendation of the prime minister. The extension of the superior courts’ jurisdiction was one of several demands of the people of FATA, who seek to be treated at par with the rest of the country. The lawmakers from FATA have also been demanding merger of the tribal areas with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. In a meeting on December 26, 2017, the federal cabinet approved the formation of a high-level national implementation committee for FATA reforms. NEWS DESK

PM trying hard but Nawaz refuses to budge continued from page 01 On Monday, Nawaz Sharif had said that the guilty party, be it him for treason or those levelling allegations against him, should be publicly hanged following the verdict of the national commission. He who is ready to die for the country has been labelled a traitor, he had lamented while speaking at a PML-N gathering in Buner. ‘DAWN LEAKS WAS AccurAtE’: Separately, Nawaz Sharif s daughter, Maryam Nawaz said the news report regarding the NSC meeting in 2016 was correct. Speaking to journalists outside the accountability court, she maintained that then information minister Pervez Rasheed should not have been punished over the news leak. ABBASI AttEMPtS At DAMAGE cONtrOL: Speaking on the floor of the assembly, the PM, in spite of the aggressive stance of his party quaid, chided lawmakers for bashing Nawaz on the basis of a statement which was misreported by Indian media. The prime minister said that the politicians fell for Indian media s propaganda, which misinterpreted the comments made by the deposed PM during an interview with Dawn newspaper. Do we want to let India use us for its own motives? Abbasi questioned as he advised lawmakers to know the facts first .Throwing his weight behind the three-time ousted premier and party Quaid, PM Abbasi said that issues related to national security must not be exploited for political point scoring. He said Nawaz did not say that the militants were deliberately sent from Pakistan for Mumbai attacks. Speaking further, PM Abbasi said Nawaz has not said anything that was not

said before. Such remarks were made in the past as well by [PTI chief] Imran Khan, former interior minister Rehman Malik, former president Pervez Musharraf and former director general of the Inter-Services Intelligence Shuja Pasha, he added. Pakistan has a consistent policy of not allowing the use of its soil for attacks against any other country and that this policy has been followed by governments in the past as well, he reiterated. Defending Nawaz, he said it was Nawaz Sharif who made the defence of this country invincible and that no one has the authority to issue a certificate of patriotism . However, if parliament desires it can form a truth and reconciliation commission to go deep into the issue, the PM added. Earlier, Shah Mehmood Qureshi of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) regretted the statement of former prime minister about Mumbai attacks. Shazia Marri of the Pakistan People s Party (PPP) said that the statement hurt the sentiments and emotions of the nation . Sahibzada Tariqullah of Jamaat-e-Islami (JI) said the matter should be investigated. While another lawmaker said Nawaz Sharif s statement negated the sacrifices rendered by the security personnel and the people in the decade-long war on terror. NAWAZ S INtErVIEW: Nawaz Sharif s recent interview to Dawn has stirred a controversy. The former premier had said: Militant organisations are active. Call them non-state actors, should we allow them to cross the border and kill 150 people in Mumbai? Explain it to me. Why can t we complete the trial? We have isolated ourselves. Despite giving sacrifices, our narrative is not being accepted. Afghanistan s narrative is being accepted, but ours is not. We must look into it, he had said.


Wednesday, 16 May, 2018

NEWS

ppp lawmaKerS quIt Na body after It SummoNS Nab CHaIrmaN NA STANDING COMMITTEE ON LAW AND JUSTICE SUMMONS NAB CHIEF JAVED IQBAL OVER PROBE AGAINST NAWAZ SHARIF ON BASIS OF BOGUS MEDIA REPORTS iSLamaBad

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WO members of the Pakistan People's Party (PPP) that are part of the National Assembly's Standing Committee on Law and Justice, on Tuesday, resigned from the committee after it summoned National Accountability Bureau (NAB) Chairman Justice (r) Javed Iqbal to explain his inquiry pertaining to money laundering allegations against Nawaz Sharif over bogus media reports. In their resignations submitted to the committee chairman, lawmakers Naveed Qamar and Shugufta Jamani maintained that such step would weaken the antigraft body. Naveed Qamar claimed that the NAB chief was being summoned for investigating the corruption in Punjab, adding that such attitude was unaccept-

able to the opposition. He further claimed that the Pakistan Tehreek-eInsaf (PTI) lawmakers Ali Muhammad Khan and Arif Alvi might resign from the body as well which would leave the ruling PML-N in a lurch. Earlier this month, the NAB had issued a press release, stating that an inquiry has been launched against the former premier over alleged money laundering of $4.9 billion by Sharif to India which had led to an uproar across the country. According to media reports on Tuesday, the committee, to be chaired by PML-N [Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz] lawmaker Chaudhry Mohammad Ashraf, has asked the NAB chief to appear before it on Wednesday. The decision to summon Iqbal was taken on a point of order submitted by Rana Hayat of the PML-N. The NAB and its

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chairman had come under fire from all quarters after they announced to launch an investigation into alleged money laundering by Nawaz Sharif. The allegations were refuted by the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) and World Bank in separate press releases. Nawaz and his colleagues did not let NAB chief off the hook easily as both,

the former PM and incumbent PM Shahid Khaqan Abbasi, lashed out at him for launching a flimsy probe. Nawaz gave a 24-hour ultimatum to the antigraft chief to explain his statement or tender his resignation. The NAB chief, however, refused to apologise, and said that “the bureau wouldn’t deter from its task even if it irks some quarters”.

LaHore: STAFF REPORT

neWS deSK The nomination forms for those aspiring to contest the upcoming general elections on a Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PMLN) ticket contains a declaration of ‘trust’ in party supremo Nawaz Sharif and President Shehbaz Sharif. The form shared by the Punjab chief minister on Twitter states,” I declare complete trust in the leadership of PML-N Quaid Nawaz Sharif and president Shehbaz Sharif.” “I meet all conditions mentioned in Article 62.” The application form further seeks complete details of the applicant’s affiliation with PML-N and any other party in the past along with other details. “Those interested in getting PML-N’s tickets for General Elections 2018 may submit their applications from May 15 to May 25,” the tweet states. According to the form, the fee for National Assembly (General Seat) is Rs50,000, for National Assembly (Reserved Seat) it is Rs100,000, for Provincial Assembly (General Seat) it is Rs30,000, and for Provincial Assembly (Reserved Seat), it’s Rs75,000.

Na condemns Israeli state terrorism against palestinians STAFF REPORT

PTI terms PM Abbasi ‘Nawaz loyalist’, calls for another NSC moot all pml-N ticket aspirants to sign ‘declaration of trust’ in Sharifs

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Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf Spokesman Fawad Chaudhry on Tuesday took a jibe at Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi for being a ‘Nawaz loyalist’ at the expense of the state and demanded another National Security Committee (NSC) meeting. Addressing a presser, Fawad said that verdict on Nawaz Sharif’s corruption allegations is about to be announced soon; therefore, the former premier is trying to involve foreign powers to take the spotlight away from the cases. Criticising PM Abbasi’s comments on former premier Nawaz’s statements on the 2008 Mumbai attacks, the PTI spokesman said, “PM Abbasi, instead of supporting the

state, is proving himself to be a Nawaz loyalist.” “Him [Abbasi] and Punjab Chief

Minister Shehbaz Sharif should distance themselves from Nawaz Sharif,” he added. He went on to say that it is unfortunate that the government is also a part of anti-Pakistan statements, and called for an investigation into ‘Dawn Leaks’ saga as well as Nawaz’s policy on India in the past. “There should be another meeting of the NSC,” he urged. The PTI leader added that if his party’s calls for elections following Supreme Court’s July 28, 2017 judgement were adhered to then there would not have been a political vacuum in the country. “If a three-time prime minister is removed from his post over corruption allegations and he calls for a commission then it only means that he is either extremely incapable or he wants to drag the matter on,” Fawad concluded.

ptI mpa Samar alI KHaN SayS ‘waSted HIS tIme IN polItICS’ KArAcHI: Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) MPA Samar Ali Khan on Tuesday announced that he would not participate in the general elections 2018. “Since I have joined politics my time has been wasted,” lamented Khan during a Sindh Assembly session. “A man gets wasted after joining the opposition benches in the Sindh Assembly,” he added. Samar Ali Khan, a PTI candidate who was elected in 2013 as a member of the Sindh Assembly from Karachi’s PS-113 constituency, was working with a group tasked with the uplift project of Karachi Zoo. STAFF REPORT

Opp leader to approach other parties over caretaker PM nominees Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) on Tuesday discussed the caretaker set-up issue during a meeting held here at the Bilawal House, reported a local English daily. The meeting was jointly chaired by PPP Chairman Bilawal Bhutto-Zardari and Co-chairman Asif Ali Zardari. According to reports, Opposition Leader in the National Assembly Syed Khursheed Shah briefed the meeting about his meetings with Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi over the issue of finalising the names for the caretaker prime minister. The prime minister and the opposition leader had already held two or three formal meetings on the issue,

but each time they claimed before the media that they had not discussed or exchanged the names so far. The PPP has finalised three names that will be presented to the prime minister soon. “The party leadership has asked Khursheed Shah to once again approach opposition parties and get their consent on the proposed names,” said a PPP leader while speaking to a private media outlet. He also said that after the final round of talks with the opposition parties, the names would be disclosed. It is pertinent to note that the name of the caretaker prime minister was expected to be revealed on Tuesday, but no such announcements were made. NEWS DESK

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The National Assembly on Tuesday unanimously passed a resolution strongly condemning the unleashing of state terrorism by Israel against unarmed Palestinian protesters in Gaza. The resolution moved by Dr Shireen Mazari on behalf of all parties in the House says, this House also condemns the United States decision to violate the United Nations Security resolutions and shift its Embassy to Jerusalem which is presently under Israeli occupation”. The House demanded that the UN Security Council and the international community should take action against the massacre of Palestinians by an occupation Israeli force.

pm for enhanced pak-Nepal bilateral relations iSLamaBad APP

Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi Tuesday expressed the hope that bilateral relations between Pakistan and Nepal including cooperation in the defence sector would be further strengthened. He was talking to Chief of Army Staff of Nepalese Army General Rajendra Chhetri, who called on him. Minister for Defence and Foreign Affairs Khurram Dastgir Khan and senior officials were also present during the meeting, PM Office Media Wing said in a press release. During the meeting, matters pertaining to bilateral relations were discussed. The prime minister said Pakistan had always endeavored for friendly relations with all the regional countries and to maintain peace in the region. He said Pakistan had rendered huge sacrifices in the war against terrorism both in economic terms and loss of precious lives. The Nepalese army chief conveyed warm greetings of the prime minister of Nepal Khagda Parsad Oli and appreciated the high level of professionalism of Pakistan military and acknowledged their sacrifices in the war against terrorism.

ruet-e-Hilal Committee meets today KaracHi STAFF REPORT

The central Ruet-e-Hilal Committee will hold its meeting on Wednesday to sight the crescent for the holy month of Ramazan, 1439 Hijri. The first fast of Ramazan is likely to be observed on Thursday. In Karachi, the sun will set at 7:10PM and the moon will be observed 61 minutes after. Secretary Ruet-e-Hilal committee research council has said that the moon can be sighted across the country. According to Pakistan Meteorological Department, the new moon will be born on crossing conjunction point at 4.49PM on May 15. A fair chance exists of sighting the new moon of Ramazan on May 16. The climate record forecasts the weather will be partly cloudy in most parts of the country. The Ruet-eHilal Committee has called on citizens to sight the crescent with the naked eye or through binoculars and to contact them on the following numbers and record their testimonies. In Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, the crescent was sighted on Tuesday. The month of Ramazan will begin on Thursday, May 17 in the two countries. Earlier the Australian National Imams Council declared that the holy month of Ramazan will begin on Thursday.


04 KARACHI

Wednesday, 16 May 2018

WEATHER UPDATES WEDNESDAY

370C 280C

THURSDAY

390C 270C

FRIDAY

370C 260C

SATURDAY

400C 280C

CM distributes Rs927m among PTI moves sHC for Treason TrIal position holders of board exams agaInsT nawaz KARACHI

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AKISTAN Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) leader Haleem Adil Sheikh on Tuesday filed a petition against former prime minister Nawaz Sharif seeking treason trial against him. The petition, filed in Sindh High Court (SHC), has been filed for his May 12 interview on Pakistan’s involvement in 2008 Mumbai attacks. A similar petition was filed in Lahore High Court (LHC) on Monday and was deemed maintainable. The petition states that former prime minister’s interview damaged the country’s image, paved way for the foreign rivalry, and potentially can result in sanctions from United Nations Security Council (UNSC). The

petition further said that Nawaz’s interview also shed light on the UN resolution against Hafiz Saeed, who has been suspected of planning Mumbai attacks, since years. “The former premier’s statement implies that he is propagating against the state in order to retaliate against his lifetime disqualification by Supreme Court from holding any public office and potential conviction in the trial,” the petition said. The petitioner stated that Sharif, through his Mumbai attacks statement, has committed a treason, therefore, a case should be registered against should be registered against him in this regard. Shiekh also said that Nawaz Sharif’s name should also be placed on Exit Control List (ECL), and interior ministry alerted to file a complaint against former premier.

HFM organises seminar on ‘Women’s Role in Reconstruction of Society’

KARACHI: Hamdard Foundation Foundation (HFM) the other day organised a seminar on the theme of “Mothers’ Role in the Reconstruction of Society” which was presided over by Justice (Rtd) Haziqul Khairi at a local club Speakers at the meeting of Shura Hamdard Karachi chapter urged the government to make it mandatory for the work places and factories, having 250 or more employees that they should establish “Day Care Centres for Children” for women employees and empower the women that they can take decision for the education of their children. Speaking on the occasion, guest speaker and seasoned journalist Zubeida Mustafa said that without giving the right place to woman in society the reconstruction of the society could not be done adequately. “Both Mother and father are responsible for fostering of children and the burden of children’s bringing up and training cannot be put on the mother alone”, she asserted. Press release

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INDH Chief Minister Murad Ali Shah on Tuesday said that around Rs3 billion is being spent on the enrolment, registration and examination fees and cash prize distribution among the position holders of all the educational boards operating across Sindh. He announced this while speaking at a cash prize distribution among the position holders of all the educational boards here at the Banquet Hall of the CM House. The prize distribution ceremony was attended by Minister Education Jam Mehtab Dahar, Principal Secretary to CM Sohail Rajput, Additional Chief Secretary (U&B) Mohammad Hussain Syed, Collages Secretary Pervez Seehar, chairmen of all the educational boards, educationists

and parents of the position holders. The chief minister distributed cash prizes of Rs927 million among 145 position holders and 36,157 A-1 graders of all the groups of matriculations and intermediate examinations of all the educational boards. There are eight educational boards, including Technical Board and Shaheed Benazirabad board, which are scheduled to start functioning from the next year. Some 550,000 students are receiving education higher secondary classes (HSC) while 750,000 are studying in secondary classes (SSC). The chief minister gave a Rs300,000 cash prize to first position holder, Rs200,000 to Second position holder, Rs100,000 to third position holder and Rs25,000 to each A-1 grader. The Mirpurkhas BISE bagged 21 positions holders, Sukkur 39, Larkana 28, Hyderabad 24 and BISE Karachi stood at nine

receiving millions in cash prize. The chief minister said that when he had taken over as a chief minister, he had decided to waive of registration, enrolment and examination fee and also decided to give cash prizes to the position holders. “The overall enrolment, examination and registration fees cost over Rs1.76 billion to the government,” he said. The chief minister said that he is happy to see a large number of position holders and A-1 graders sitting under the roof of the CM House. “You are future of our nation and I am sure one day you would achieve excellence in different fields,” he said. He congratulated the students, their teachers and parents for receiving cash awards. “I am sure you keep it up and would also achieve highest prizes in your further educational activities,” he told the students.

SECMC allocates 850acres of grazing land to victims KARACHI staff rePort

The Sindh Engro Coal Mining Company (SECMC) on Tuesday allocated 850 acres of Guacher (Grazing) land to the 172 affected households of Thar Coal Block II, who will be relocated to the new model village, named New Senhri Dars. This was announced during a public hearing held at village Thahryo Halpeoto, Thar Coal Block II. The giving of land is an unprecedented move by the SECMC which aims to give the residents of New Sehri Dars village their right so that they could continue their livelihood activities in addition to the land compensation and other facilities. The SECMC is constructing two Modern villages at the boundary of Thar Coal Block-II leased area to relocate 450 households who are the primary victims of the mining project. The project requires an ESIA as per the SEPA Regulations, 2014, and in compliance with that, a comprehensive ESIA study has

been carried out by GEMS Pvt. Ltd. These two villages will be moved to the new location some 4 kilometers away from the current mining site due to the mining activity. Some 172 households will be relocated from Senhri Dars later this year in the first phase and 250 households in the year 2025 as a second phase. The public hearing was held to solicit the input of local communities, the mining firm, and the stakeholders. The event was attended by Sindh Environment Protection Authority (SEPA) Deputy Director Imran Sabir, Inspector Iqbal Nohri, Lead Consultant Kishanchand Makwano, Thar Foundation’s representative Naseer Memon and others. The hearing was told by the consultant, Dr Makwano that the following carrying out ambient air monitoring on December 20, 2017, at 6 different locations to monitor the compliance status, it was concluded that all the ambient air quality parameters monitored were observed to be within the under the Sindh Environment Quality Standards (SEQS) limits.

The dilemma of dowry By HAmmAd HAsAn JAfeRI A good family unit results in a good upbringing of an individual. But, what can we do when the foundation of marriage is built on materialistic terms. How valuable a marriage is measured by the amount of money that was spent on that event. It is measured by the money the girl brings into the family. So, how can we expect a bond so pure to withstand on a foundation so meaningless. The society that we live in has forced our daughters to become a burden. The unrealistic amounts of things every father must gift his daughter on her wedding has made even the most educated people dread the birth of a girl. As soon as the marriage is fixed, the groom’s family gives a list of items she is supposed to bring to the house. Sometimes, the list covers even the basic things like refrigerator and oven that you would expect the family to already own. On the other hand, the groom’s family is only

responsible for one event. And, even if they don’t host that right, it won’t matter because they are the “Larkay Walay”. There is no doubt, there are hardly any families from the boy’s side who are trying to stop this practice. However, the root of the problem also lies with the bride’s family. This is such a normal practice that girls are made to think they are supposed to take dowry. They themselves have a list of things planned. The brand they are going to buy the furniture from, the colour theme of their bed room, the kind of electronic items they would need, etcetera. The girl’s parents themselves think that providing a lavish dowry would raise their status in the society. What they gave their daughter would be the talk of the town. Moreover, the inner family rivalries have increased this problem even more. Comparison between cousins and friends makes it even more important to exhibit their superiority. However, while the elites

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enjoy this practice, it becomes a massive burden on the middle and lower-class community. Most of the population in Pakistan fall in the middle and lowerclass sector. It is not only difficult but, quite impossible for these families to win in this race. However, can we just assume that this class of our society are complete victims? No. Because, even they work with the same methodology of maintaining their reputation in society. Even their daughters wish and desire for a luxurious wedding and fancy dowry. Even they think their girls can’t get married if they can’t give her enough dowry. Then, who to blame? The blame lies on every individual. Each one of us should first change one’s perspective. Each one of us should strive to stop this un ethical practice. The amount of money wasted on weddings and dowries can feed and educate millions of poor people. It is common sense that status and reputation is not more important than people dying of hunger. However, this education can only start on a personal level first and then hopefully will spread across the nation.

DCW holds ceremony to honour student who won US State Dept award KARACHI Press release

Defence Housing Authority’s (DHA) Defence College for Women (DCW), PhaseVIII organised a programme ‘Meet and Greet’ on Tuesday in the college auditorium to honour Dania Hassan, a distinguished student of the College who is recipient of Emerging Young Leadership Award 2018. The award was given to her recently at a ceremony held at US State Department in Washington. Defence Housing Authority’s (DHA) Administrator Mrs Brigadier Shahid Hassan Ali was the chief guest of the programme. Dania Hassan, 18, is a young DCW brilliant Second Year (Pre–Medical) who was picked up by the US in recognition of her commendable efforts to promote positive social change in the education sector of Pakistan. The celebrated student runs a volunteer group called “Fun to Learn” which conducts extra-curricular activities in under privileged schools of the metropolis. She has the unique distinction of being selected among the 10 outstanding young leaders from around the world and the only Pakistani high achiever to have been bestowed the coveted award.

Two killed in the name of ‘honour’ PANO AKIL: Authorities registered a case on Monday pertaining to ‘honour killings’ in Shahbazi Bullo Village. The deceased male was identified as 18-yearold Amjad while the deceased female was identified as 16-year-old Firdous. Police arrested two out of the four suspects named in the FIR [First Information Report] that was filed in the cantonment police station. Police initiated a search operation to arrest the remaining suspects. Amjad was axed to death while Firdous was suffocated until she died, according to the initial investigation report. staff rePort


foreIgn news 05

wednesday, 16 May, 2018

France supports palestinians, turkey ‘expels’ israeli envoy ISRAELI FORCES KILL PALESTINIAN NEAR BORDER AS GAZA BURIES DEAD

US should not have undertaken harsh interrogations: Haspel WASHINGTON AGENCIES

President Donald Trump’s nominee to be CIA director Gina Haspel said that the agency should not have undertaken a past harsh interrogation programme, while asserting that the programme yielded valuable intelligence. The Senate Intelligence Committee is due to vote on Wednesday on whether to approve Haspel. Despite criticism of her nomination because of her past ties to the CIA’s former rendition, detention and interrogation activities, Haspel is expected to be approved with the support of all eight committee Republicans and at least one of its seven Democrats. She is expected to be confirmed by the full Senate as soon as next week, although that vote likely also will be close. Haspel pledged at her confirmation hearing that she would never restart the program, in place in the years after the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks, but did not go as far as saying it should not have been started. An undercover officer for most of her 33-year career, Haspel in 2002 served as CIA station chief in Thailand, where the agency conducted interrogations at a secret prison using methods including waterboarding, which is widely viewed as torture. Three years later, she drafted a cable ordering the destruction of videotapes of those interrogations. “While I won’t condemn those that made those hard calls, and I have noted the valuable intelligence collected, the program ultimately did damage to our officers and our standing in the world,” Haspel said in a letter, dated May 14, and released on Tuesday. “With the benefit of hindsight and my experience as a senior Agency leader, the enhanced interrogation program is not one the CIA should have undertaken.

PARIS/ANKARA

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AGENCIES

RENCH President Emmanuel Macron told Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in a phone call on Tuesday that he condemned the violence in Gaza, a day after dozens of Palestinian protesters were killed by Israeli troops. “He expressed his very deep concern about the situation in Gaza, condemned the violence and underlined the importance of protecting civilian populations and of the right to protest peacefully,” the Elysee said in a statement. On the other hand, Turkey told Israel’s ambassador to leave the country after Israeli forces killed 60 Palestinians. Turkey has been one of the most vocal critics of Israel’s response to the Gaza protests and of the US Embassy move, recalling its ambassadors from Tel Aviv and Washington and calling for an emergency meeting of Islamic nations on Friday. President Tayyip Erdogan described Monday’s bloodshed, the deadliest for Palestinians since the 2014 Gaza conflict, as genocide and called Israel a terrorist state. The government declared three days of mourning. “The Israeli ambassador was told that our envoy to Israel was called back for consultations, and was informed that it would be appropriate for him to go back to his country for some time,” a Turkish Foreign Ministry said. Government spokesman Bekir Bozdag told the parliament that Turkey held the United States equally accountable for Monday’s violence. “The blood of innocent Palestinians is on the hands of the United States,” he said. “The US is part of the problem, not the solution”. Relations between Ankara and Washington, two NATO allies, have been deeply strained over the embassy move, disagreements over military deployment in north Syria, and court cases against Turkish

and US nationals in each country. There have been demonstrations against Israel in Istanbul and in the capital Ankara. Erdogan, who is campaigning for presidential and parliamentary elections next month, said a rally will be held on Friday to protest the killings. The Palestinian cause resonates with many Turks, including with the nationalist and religious voters who form the base of Erdogan’s support. Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said on Twitter Erdogan was in no position to “preach morality to us” because he supported the Hamas movement which rules Gaza. “There is no doubt he well understands terrorism and slaughter,” he tweeted. Erdogan tweeted back that Netanyahu was the leader of “an apartheid state that has occupied a defenceless people’s lands for 60+ years in violation of UN resolutions”, adding that he was criticising Turkey to deflect attention. “Want a lesson in humanity? Read the 10 commandments.” Bozdag told parliament the planned rally in Istanbul “will once again show that the Turkish people will not remain silent in the face of injustice and cruelty, that they defend the victims in the face of the cruel”. Prime Minister Binali

Yildirim also said that Muslim countries should review their ties with Israel after Monday’s violence. ISRAELI FORCES KILL PALESTINIAN: Israeli forces shot dead a Palestinian near the Gaza-Israel border on Tuesday after thousands of Palestinians turned out for the funerals of dozens of protesters killed by Israeli troops a day earlier, local health officials said. The number of protesters that gathered at the frontier on Tuesday was significantly lower than on Monday. It appeared that many had gone to mourning tents rather than back to the scene of the bloodiest day for Palestinians since a 2014 Gaza war. Sixty Palestinians were killed on Monday, according to the Palestinian Health Ministry, including an eightmonth-old baby that died from tear gas that her family said she inhaled at a protest camp near the border. More than 2,200 Palestinians were also injured by gunfire or tear gas, local medics said. Palestinian medical officials say 106 Gazans have now been killed since the start of the protests and nearly 11,000 people wounded, about 3,500 of them hit by live fire. Israeli officials dispute those numbers. No Israeli casualties have been reported.

Palestinian leaders have called Monday’s events a massacre, and the Israeli tactic of using live fire against the protesters has drawn worldwide concern and condemnation. In Geneva, the UN human rights office condemned what it called the appalling deadly violence by Israeli forces. UN human rights spokesman Rupert Colville said that Israel had a right to defend its borders according to international law, but lethal force must only be used a last resort, and was not justified by Palestinians approaching the Gaza fence. The UN rapporteur on human rights in the Palestinian territories, Michael Lynk, said Israel’s use of force may amount to a war crime. On Monday, the United States blocked a Kuwait-drafted UN Security Council statement that would have expressed outrage and sorrow at the killing of Palestinian civilians and called for an independent investigation, UN diplomats said. In the British parliament, junior foreign office minister Alistair Burt said the United States needed to show more understanding about the causes of Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Hamas’ role in the violence must be investigated, he added.

Cleric’s election win puts Iran to test in Iraq ‘IRAN WILL DO EVERYTHING IN ITS POWER TO REMAIN STRONG IN IRAQ AND TO APPLY PRESSURE’ BAGHDAD AGENCIES

Already pressured by the US withdrawal from the nuclear deal, Iran faces a major test in managing cleric Moqtada al-Sadr, a formidable opponent who beat Tehran’s longtime allies to achieve a shock victory in Iraq’s parliamentary election. But If Tehran overplays its hand by squeezing Sadr out of a coalition government dominated by its allies, it risks losing influence by provoking conflict between Iranian-backed forces and those loyal to Sadr. Populist Sadr all but won Iraq’s parliamentary election by tapping into growing public resentment directed at Iran and what some voters say is a corrupt political elite that has failed to help the poor. But Iran is unlikely to relinquish influence in Iraq, its most important ally in the Middle East, and will push for a coalition that will preserve its interests. “Iran will do everything in its power to remain strong in Iraq and to apply pressure,” said Wathiq alHashimi, an independent Iraqi analyst. “It’s a very critical situation.” Before the election, Iran publicly stated it would not allow Sadr’s bloc – an unlikely alliance of Shi’tes, communists and other secular groups - to govern.

For his part, Sadr has made clear he is unwilling to compromise with Iran by forming a coalition with its main allies, Hadi al-Amiri, leader of the Badr paramilitary group and perhaps the most powerful man in Iraq, and former prime minister Nuri al-Maliki. After the election results were announced, he said he would only cooperate with Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi, Kurds and Sunnis. Iran has manipulated Iraqi politics in its favour in the past, notably following the 2003 US-led invasion that overthrew Saddam Hussein. In the 2010 election, Vice President Ayad Allawi’s group won the largest number of seats, albeit with a narrow margin, but he was prevented from becoming prime minister. He blamed

Tehran, which maneuvered Maliki into power. On that occasion, Tehran overplayed its hand. Critics said that Maliki pursued a sectarian agenda which alienated Sunnis and created conditions which enabled Islamic State to seize one third of the country. Blocking Sadr would also carry grave risks. His campaign resonated with millions of impoverished Iraqis, especially in his strongholds in Baghdad and Shi’ite heartlands. Sadr derives legitimacy from a dynasty of religious scholars. He made his name leading two violent uprisings against US troops following the invasion in 2003, while in 2016, he mobilised tens of thousands of supporters to storm Baghdad’s forti-

fied Green Zone. Lawmaker Dhiaa al-Asadi, who heads Sadr’s bloc in the outgoing parliament, said that they would seek alliances to counter any Iranian interference in attempts to form a government, and ruled out deals with Amiri or Maliki. “We don’t conceal our fear that there will be some intervention and meddling either by internal or external powers, and Iran is one of them,” he said. He hoped political leaders had learned not to let Iranian interference dictate the election’s outcome. Asadi said Sadr’s bloc would exert pressure through legal and democratic channels rather than in popular protests should Tehran try to influence the make-up of the government. There is already bad blood between Sadr and Maliki, who as prime minister in 2008 cracked down on Sadr’s Mehdi Army militia in the southern city of Basra in a violent Shi’ite feud. More than 200 people were killed. Sadr had pulled out of Maliki’s government the year before when the prime minister refused to set a deadline for US troop withdrawals. Renad Mansour, research fellow at Chatham House, said Iran would try to maintain its influence by working behind the scenes though allies such as Maliki and Amiri. Iran may rely more heavily on Amiri, who spent two decades in Iran in opposition to Saddam and speaks Farsi. Through his Badr organization, he controls key positions in the interior ministry and security forces. Sadr is likely to try and loosen the grip of Iran’s allies on the security services and other government institutions and seek a major government role. Portraying himself as an Iraqi nationalist, Sadr has long opposed foreign interference, whether by American invaders or Iranian proxies.


06 foreIgn news

wednesday, 16 May, 2018

india’s BJp emerges strongest in state polls CONGRESS GETS 75 SEATS IN 225-MEMBER KARNATAKA ASSEMBLY NEW DELHI

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AGENCIES

HE Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the ruling party of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, was set on Tuesday to win the largest number of seats in a big southern state election, giving him momentum for a re-election bid next year and opening a path for more reforms. A government in Karnataka led by the BJP will help Modi silence critics who said his popularity had waned after the rocky adoption of a nationwide sales tax and a ban on high-value bank notes late in 2016. The BJP was leading in 105 seats in 225member Karnataka Assembly, the Election Commission of India said, with the opposition Congress party leading in 75. A party must have 113 seats

to form a government and the BJP will probably have to seek the backing of smaller parties. The Congress said it was ready to support a regional party that was coming third to form a government to stop the BJP from taking power. But analysts said the state governor would likely ask the BJP to make a bid for power because it would emerge as the biggest party in the new house. “The result provides some reassurance to the BJP that its popularity remains intact,” said Shilan Shah, a senior India economist at Capital Economics. “That could embolden the government to pur-

sue reforms in future, including loosening foreign direct investment restrictions and moves towards privatization.” If it forms a government in Karnataka, the BJP and its allies would govern 22 of India’s 29 states. A strong showing in the state, which has a population roughly equal to that of France, would allow Modi to aggressively push forward his reform agenda without fear of political backlash. It also gives the BJP a southern beachhead, besides its core base in India’s north and west. In the last four years, Modi has moved to boost the econ-

Catalan leader calls for end of direct rule by Madrid MADRID AGENCIES

New Catalan leader Quim Torra on Tuesday called for an end to direct rule over the Catalan regional government by Madrid at a joint news conference held in Berlin with former regional leader Carles Puigdemont. The first aim of the newly formed Catalan government would be to seek dialogue with Madrid, said Torra, who said he had traveled to Berlin to pay homage to former leader Puigdemont whom he called Catalonia’s legitimate president. “I’ve asked (Spanish Prime Minister) Mr. Rajoy for the date and time to start talks, without conditions,” said Torra at the news conference held in a Berlin hotel. He would attempt to replace the region’s previous administration and would seek to put Puigdemont in power again, Torra said, without detailing how he would go about the latter. “I see myself as a caretaker president,” he told journalists. The Catalan parliament voted in hardline separatist Torra on Monday, bringing an end to seven months of direct rule from Madrid but heralding more political uncertainty as the new leader continues his fight to split from Spain. Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy imposed direct rule on the region after the previous administration, led by Puigde-

mont, declared independence in October. Under the terms of the legislation, Madrid will lift its intervention once the Catalan government is fully formed and members of cabinet named. Earlier on Tuesday, Rajoy held a meeting with leader of the opposition Socalists, Pedro Sanchez, in Madrid where they discussed the election of Torra and its implications. Both parties, which together hold a majority of seats in parliament, have expressed determination to unite to reject any attempt by the Catalan administration to go against Spain’s constitution, which states the country is indivisible, the government said in a statement following the meeting. Puigdemont is in Germany awaiting the decision of a German court on an extradition order from Spain on a charge of misuse of public funds for his part in the organization of an illegal referendum on independence last October. Proindependence parties won most seats in regional elections held in December. But five attempts by the parliament to put forward candidates for leader, including Puigdemont, were blocked because the candidates were either living abroad or being held in custody in jail for their role in the referendum. Puigdemont fled to Belgium after being sacked as leader. He faces charges of sedition and misuse of public funds in Spain.

omy, but shied away from politically sensitive reforms to revamp the labor sector and land acquisition, which the World Bank called for in March. His government faced sniping in recent weeks over soaring fuel prices, a decision to privatize state carrier Air India and a lack of jobs for millions of young people entering the workforce every year. Higher oil prices have added to inflationary pressure. But the favorable vote for the BJP would reduce the chances that Modi would need to compensate for unpopular reforms with pre-election handouts. “If this regional election had resulted in Modi losing, that could have potentially raised the risk of more populist actions,” said Aidan Yao, senior emerging Asia economist at Axa Investment Managers in Hong Kong. Modi’s victory in Karnataka, where he led his party’s campaign, showed he remains the top vote-getter in Indian politics, leaving Rahul Gandhi, the young leader of the main opposition Congress party, struggling.

Pennsylvania crucial to Democratic hopes of winning House majority MORRISVILLE AGENCIES

Democrats kept a close eye on Tuesday’s primaries in Pennsylvania, a pivotal state as the party seeks to make gains and possibly take control of the House in November’s midterm elections. Opposition to President Trump, a redrawn congressional map and a string of Republican retirements in the state have opened the door for Democrats to pick up as many as half a dozen seats. They need 23 to win the House majority. But before party leaders can focus on general election campaigns, voters must settle some divisive and crowded primaries. Polls opened at 7am. Pennsylvania voters have swung back and forth in recent races. In 2016, Trump became the first Republican presidential nominee to win the state in 28 years. Earlier this year, Democrat Conor Lamb won a special election in a Pittsburgh-area district where Trump had defeated Hillary Clinton by 20 percentage points. A perennial battleground state, Pennsylvania also faces a governor’s race and a Senate contest that Democratic incumbents are favored to win, but could become competitive. Trump recorded an 11th-hour robo-call for his preferred Senate candidate, Republican Rep. Lou Barletta. Voters headed to the polls on Tuesday in four states where primary outcomes will provide fresh signs about voters’ mood less than six months before Election Day.

18 dead in Varanasi flyover collapse VARANASI/LUCKNOW: At least 18 persons died and several others were feared trapped in the rubble after a portion of an underconstruction overhead bridge collapsed in the Cantonment area of Varanasi on Tuesday, officials said. Several people and vehicles are still feared buried under the rubble and rescue operations are on. Many vehicles, including two-wheelers, that were passing by were crushed under the weight of the concrete slabs of the flyover, which was being constructed by the Uttar Pradesh State Bridge Corporation. UP Relief Commissioner Sanjay Kumar said while 18 bodies were recovered so far, three persons were rescued from the collapse site by the NDRF, which has deployed five teams comprising 250 personnel for the rescue operation. The toll could go up. “Five injured but out of danger, two seriously injured. Cranes of NHAI have cleared all vehicles,” Kumar said. The government has formed a three-member committee of senior officials to probe the incident. The committee headed by commissioner of agricultural production Raj Pratap Singh is expected to submit a detailed report to the Chief Minister in 48 hours. “The team is given 48 hours to fully probe the incident, recommend action against the guilty officials and provide report on all grounds including technical matters,” a government spokesperson said here. Uttar Pradesh Deputy CM and PWD Minister Keshav Maurya, who was directed by Adityanath to rush to Varanasi, said, “whoever is guilty will not be spared.” Adityanath, while expressing grief over the incident, announce an ex-gratia compensation. Prime Minister Narendra Modi said he was extremely saddened by the loss of lives in his constituency. “I spoke to UP CM Yogi Adityanath Ji regarding the situation due to the collapse of an under-construction flyover in Varanasi. The UP Government is monitoring the situation very closely and is working on the ground to assist the affected,” the PM tweeted. Sanjay Kumar said the under-construction bridge, from Lehartara to Chaukaghat area, was 56% complete and the span that fell was laid in February. The total length of the bridge is 2261 metres and total cost Rs 129 crores, Kumar said. The extension work of the bridge started in October 2015. As per sources, the project was to be completed by June end and so far 45 out of 63 pillars had been constructed as part of the extension. AGENCIES

German court dismisses Erdogan’s appeal to ban poem HAMBURG: A German court on Tuesday rejected Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan’s appeal to ban outright a satirical poem recited by a comedian on German television, which had soured already-strained ties between Berlin and Ankara. But judges also upheld a ban by a lower court in 2017 on certain passages of the poem, read out two years ago by German comedian Jan Boehmermann, and which suggested Erdogan engaged in bestiality and watched child pornography. The higher regional court of Hamburg confirmed the ruling of the district court of Hamburg that parts of the poem could be banned because they contained degradations of an intimate and sexual nature for which there was no evidence. Boehmermann had appealed for the partial ban to be lifted. The court ruled the poem could not be completely banned because of Germany’s free speech laws. “Satire can be art but it doesn’t have to be,” said Judge Andreas Buske. “If satire is not art, it is protected by the freedom of opinion.” AGENCIES

Iran, Europe try to save nuclear deal with few options FM ZARIF ARRIVES IN BRUSSELS FOR CRUCIAL MEETINGS WITH HIS BRITISH, FRENCH AND GERMAN COUNTERPARTS BRUSSELS

‘IRAN CAN RESUME URANIUM ENRICHMENT’ BRUSSELS: Iran will restart its uranium enrichment if it cannot find a way to save the 2015 nuclear deal with the European Union after the United States pulled out last week, Tehran’s government spokesman said on Tuesday. “If our interests are not preserved, we will pull out of the deal and will resume our enrichment to 20 percent, or any level that we desire to,” the semi-official Tasnim news agency quoted government spokesman Mohammad Bagher Nobakht as saying. Under the terms of the deal, Iran is allowed to enrich uranium to around 4 percent. AGENCIES

AGENCIES

Europe and Iran sought a common front on Tuesday to save the nuclear deal without the United States, although some diplomats doubted privately it can survive the reimposition of US sanctions ordered by President Donald Trump. Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif arrived in Brussels for a meeting with his British,

French and German counterparts later on Tuesday, shortly before Washington announced extra sanctions on Iranian financial officials. Zarif held a good and constructive meeting with European Union foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini, adding that talks with the three European countries would continue in the next two weeks. “We are on the right path to move forward,” he said.

“Whatever (is) decided should preserve and guarantee Iran’s rights.” Despite the private doubts among many European diplomats, their governments will say that they are sticking by the 2015 accord that gave Tehran sanctions relief in return for an end to its nuclear ambitions. Iran’s nuclear chief Ali Akbar Salehi was quoted by Fars news agency as saying he was not optimistic

on the prospects of the talks with the Europeans. The deal between Iran and six world powers lifted most international sanctions in 2016 in return for Tehran curbing its nuclear program, under strict surveillance by the UN, to stockpile enriched uranium for a possible atomic bomb. Trump denounced the accord, completed under his predecessor Barack Obama, as a “horrible, onesided deal that should have never, ever been made” as it did not cover Iran’s ballistic missile program or its role in Middle East conflicts. The deal’s proponents say it is crucial to forestalling a nuclear Iran and preventing wider war in the Middle East. French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said on Tuesday the Middle East was explosive and could be on the cusp of war. Mogherini, who chaired the final stretch of 12 years of negotiations to clinch the accord, said: “We will all save it together.” EU diplomats said they needed some time to understand the US position.


WORLD VIEW 07

Wednesday, 16 May, 2018

Trump & NeTaNyahu briNgiNg Why Sadr’s alliance deserves a chance to govern us closer To eNd of Times

RT GeorGe Galloway

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he biblical town of Armageddon is but a few miles as the bullets fly from the site of the latest Gaza massacre which has taken us further down the road to the end of times. Its proximate cause was the latest Man-Child effort of Donald J Trump, this time to relocate the US embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv, with all the other embassies, to Jerusalem, half of which though annexed by Israel still constitutes Occupied Territory under international law. It is a criminal offence to “make permanent changes” on “territory acquired by force” – which this territory was in 1967 when Israel seized it by force of arms. Israel has made many such changes to Occupied Territories. For example, the Golan heights still belong to Syria despite the many illegal settlements built

there, however much stolen oil is extracted there, or however many field hospitals for Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS) and Al-Qaeda fighters Israel erects there. That like Jerusalem, the Golan has been illegally annexed makes no difference at all in law nor to every other government in the world. except Trump’s government. In fact every US president in the last 50 years has promised to move the US embassy to Jerusalem, at least whilst running for election. But campaigning is done in poetry, governing is done in prose and no president has followed through on this pledge. except Donald Trump. That his decision would entirely predictably lead to a bloodbath may not have occurred to Trump, but it certainly did to the professionals around him, from those aghast at the State Department to those salivating for the provocation, dripping from the moustache of the likes of John Bolton. There have been many bloodbaths, of course, but there is reason to believe that this one may be of more lasting significance. It surely hastens the political passing of the Palestinian Authority leader Mahmoud Abbas for whom time and circumstance have run their course.

It makes it more likely that the Palestinian Mandela, the prisoner Marwan Barghouti, will enter the race – from behind bars – to be his successor and make more likely his success. It may – temporarily at least – complicate the all-but-consummated courtship between the Saudi Crown Prince MbS (Mohammad bin Salman) and Prime Minister Netanyahu, enjoined by their mutual antipathy towards Iran but now, inevitably, tempered by the Gaza massacre. The religious establishment in Saudi Arabia and the conservative forces are waiting for their excuse to strike back at the man who allegedly hung his relatives upside down in the Ritz-Carlton until their money fell out of their trouser pockets, and the massacre gives them a perfectly Kosher opportunity to do so. It makes more difficult any complicity by any Arab ruler with any Israeli provocation against Iran. Many Arabs may be hostile to Iran but, after this week, many have rediscovered their antipathy towards Netanyahu. The already-vaulting opposition to Israeli crimes against the Palestinians in Western countries – which has led to spectacular successes in the BDS (Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions) movement across several continents –

will likely intensify too. When I joined the movement in solidarity with the Palestinians back in 1975 you could have fitted the supporters of the PLO in Britain into a medium sized hall. Now you couldn’t fit them into hyde Park or indeed all of Central London. Back then there was genuine affection for the State of Israel in all Western countries. Now nobody moves for Israel out of love, only out of interest. And interest too is waning. The US is now defunct as a broker in the Middle east, that mantle surely passed smoothly to Russia this week. For Trump and Netanyahu – on whom both their respective police forces may be closing fast – there is no way back. That they are steeped in blood so far that none could tell whether it is bloodier to go on or to go o’er is self-evident. Trump tweeted on the morning of the massacre that “This is a big day for Israel, a big day.” For once he was quite accurate. Just not in the way he could possibly have imagined. George Galloway was a member of the British Parliament for nearly 30 years. He presents TV and radio shows (including on RT). He is a film-maker, writer and a renowned orator.

The spirit of Palestinian resistance will not be broken THE NAKBA HAS BEEN GOING ON FOR 70 YEARS, BUT THE PALESTINIAN STRUGGLE FOR JUSTICE AND THE RIGHT OF RETURN CARRIES ON

Al-JAzeeRA omar Baddar

If you are familiar with the term “Nakba”, you probably think of it as a historical Palestinian grievance over events that unfolded 70 years ago. That was the time when Zionist militias facilitated the creation of the state of Israel by depopulating Palestinian villages, driving some 750,000 people out of their homes. Israel’s founder David Ben-Gurion famously remarked: “I support compulsory transfer. I don’t see anything immoral in it.” Some Palestinians fled their towns upon hearing of the unfolding violence nearby. Villages that tried to resist displacement, like the village of Deir Yassin, were decimated. Conservative estimates put the death toll in Deir Yassin at 110, with a lieutenant colonel in the Israeli military who witnessed the aftermath saying: “There was a feeling of considerable slaughter and it was hard for me to explain it to myself as having been done in self-defence. My impression was more of a massacre than anything else.” When all was said and done, Israel was established on nearly 78 per cent of historic Palestine, seizing or destroying well over 400 Palestinian villages in the process, and barring Palestinian refugees from returning ever since. As Israel celebrates its 70th anniversary, Palestinians are mourning the 70th anniversary of the 1948 “catastrophe” (Nakba). If the Nakba is the “event” by which Israel devastated the Palestinian population in pursuit of an exclusivist national project, then it’s not merely a historical event, but very much a living reality today. This is true within Israel, where the Supreme Court continues to clear the way for the demolition of Bedouin communities for the explicit purpose of replacing them with Jewish neighbourhoods, ignoring the objections of major human rights organisations like human Rights Watch and Amnesty International. A similar and even more egregious process takes place outside of Israel’s bor-

ders, in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT) that Israel captured in the 1967 war (the remaining 22 per cent of Palestine not taken in 1948, including east Jerusalem). What makes the OPT different is that Israel has no right to claim these territories whatsoever, and is required by international law (numerous UN Security Council resolutions and the opinion of the International Court of Justice) to withdraw from those areas. Israel demolished as many as 5,000 Palestinian homes in Jerusalem, and in some cases even threw Palestinians out of their homes so Jewish settlers can take their place. Israel’s plan to destroy the Palestinian village of Susiya in the West Bank, for example, proved even a step too far for senior members of the US Congress, with Senator Dianne Feinstein leading several colleagues in vigorous opposition. These crimes do not individually rise to the scale of calamity carried out under more permissive conditions in 1948, but they are collectively a contiguous extension of that malevolent “displacement and replacement” project endured by Palestinians for over seven decades. In the pursuit of a misguided conception of “balance”, the US media has largely failed to convey Palestine’s tragedy accurately as a struggle against displacement and oppression. Instead, it was a “conflict” between two sides portrayed as equally culpable for the absence of peace. But to resolve this “conflict,” Palestinians made an extraordinary compromise in 1988: Despite the enormity of the injustice imposed on them four decades earlier, they recognised Israel as established in 1948, and settled for a Palestinian state in the OPT, less than a quarter of their original homeland. Celebrations and that famous handshake on the White house lawn notwithstanding, peace remained elusive because Israel simply moved the goalposts. Israel continued to demolish Palestinian homes and build illegal settlements throughout the OPT, and connected those settlements with roads that Palestinians are barred from using. This process cut up the OPT into pieces, making Palestinian independence impossible. In effect, the Nakba process continued under the pretence of a “peace process”. To settle any doubt about Israel’s true intentions, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu recently declared that there will never be a Palestinian state, favouring instead set-

tlement expansion throughout the Palestinian territories. Because settlements make a viable Palestinian state impossible, they were condemned over the past several decades by every single US administration (except for Donald Trump’s) as an impediment to peace. Despite never applying meaningful pressure on Israel, the Obama Administration made a couple of peace gestures on their way out. First, they broke with Israel’s expectations of unconditional diplomatic protection at the UN, not by supporting the otherwise unanimous UN resolution condemning Israeli settlements as they should have, but simply by withholding their veto. Second, the departing Secretary of State John Kerry gave a scathing speech about the peace-destroying path Israeli leaders seem determined to pursue. Donald Trump, however, moved us farther away from accountability, staffing his administration with extremist hardliners, backing away from Palestinian statehood, taking Jerusalem “off the table”, ending the use of the word “occupation” to describe Israel’s military presence on Palestinian lands, and slashing assistance to Palestinian refugees by tens of millions of dollars. So here we are, 70 years after the Nakba and its victims are no closer to justice today than they were back then. We are back at square one, and much of the world has resigned itself to tepid commentary instead of meaningful action, as Israel bars Palestinians from every avenue towards dignity and freedom: No right to self-determination in a viable state of their own, no right return to their original homes, and live sniper fire awaits those who mount an effective protest, even when they’re unarmed and non-violent. But no matter how bleak the reality looks today, in terms of policy and on the ground, there is a counter-reality we must recognise: human aspiration for freedom is mightier than any army that stands in its way. Bullying and coercion over the past 70 years have not broken the spirit of Palestinian resistance, and another 70 years won’t either. The Palestinian struggle for justice, which envisions the kind of equality and prosperity that protects the future of all Israelis and Palestinians, will continue until we bring this decadeslong Nakba to an end, once and for all. Omar Baddar is the Deputy Director of the Arab American Institute.

IRAQI VOTERS HAVE SHOWN THEY WANT TO TURN A NEW PAGE, AND SADR IS MUCH BETTER PLACED TO WIN SUNNI SUPPORT THAN ANY OF THE ALTERNATIVES

Middle eAsT eye Jonathan Steele

The dramatic lead that Muqtada alSadr’s alliance with secular forces has taken in Iraq’s preliminary election results is the best news the war-torn country has had in years. It suggests that a substantial proportion of Iraqi voters is moving away from identity politics towards the issue-based politics that are the necessary foundation for stability in any multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multicultural society. Iraq has been bedevilled by sectarian killings and Sunniversus-Shia tensions for most of the post-Saddam period, but the support that Sadr’s electoral coalition has achieved suggests the wellspring for this kind of political violence is drying up. The alliance began almost two years ago when Sadr urged his followers to join the weekly anti-corruption protests that the Iraqi Communist Party and other civil society groups were holding in Baghdad’s Tahrir Square. The marriage of convenience between a powerful Shia religious leader and secular left-wingers was initially awkward, as I saw for myself one Friday last year. The two groups barely mingled, and each carried different slogans and posters as they stood nominally together. But what united them was a strong sense of anger at the corruption and complacency of the post-invasion elite and its failure to provide services for the country’s huge swath of poor citizens, in spite of Iraq’s oil wealth. Prime Minister haider al-Abadi founded his electoral campaign on the military victory over the Islamic State (IS). So too, though to a lesser extent, did hadi al-Ameri, the leader of the Badr Organisation, one of Iraq’s oldest Shia militias. While Sadr’s followers are equally satisfied that IS has been driven out of Iraq, they are aware that it was the ruling elite’s alienation of the country’s minority Sunnis, particularly under former prime minister Nouri al-Maliki, backed by Ameri, that allowed IS to emerge as a military and ideological force in the first place. Sadr’s alliance with the Communists is being described in much media and diplomatic analysis this week as “surprising”. But its strength has been clear for a long time. In an interview with me last year - one of his rare encounters with a foreign journalist - Sadr outlined the positions that became the bedrock of his electoral campaign, along with candidates for the Communists and other secular groups: a strict clampdown on corruption, an end to sectarian quotas in handing out government jobs, the disbanding of all militias and their merging with the Iraqi national army, no intervention by Iraqi forces or militias across the border into Syria, and reconciliation between Shia and Sunni religious, political and community leaders. he even dared to say that once

IS had been defeated, he wanted Iranian forces and the Americans to leave Iraq. While he called the Americans “invaders”, he was diplomatic enough to call the Iranians “friendly forces” - but his message that both sides should leave Iraq was bold. It went well beyond anything that Abadi or Ameri would say or want. No wonder that Tehran has publicly declared it will not allow Sadr to take power or play the decisive role in the government that will be formed after this weekend’s elections. “We will not allow liberals and communists to govern in Iraq,” Ali Akbar Velayati, the senior adviser on foreign affairs to Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, said in February. The formation of that government now becomes the next key issue for Iraq. Since none of the electoral alliances has an outright majority, some sort of coalition will have to be put together, and this will probably take many months. Mathematically, it would be possible for Abadi, who came third in the poll, and Ameri, who came second, to join forces and form an administration - but it is hard to see that happening, as Abadi would have to cede his job to Ameri. The equation that may satisfy both Washington and Tehran, and be sold as a sensible balance, would be for Abadi to stay on as prime minister in alliance with the Kurds and the group led by another former prime minister, Ayad Allawi. Under a judgement issued by the federal court in 2010, the prime minister comes from the postelection coalition with the most seats rather than from the preelection alliance that wins the most seats. So Sadr’s block could be shut out as other party leaders make their deals to share power. This would be a terrible outcome on at least two counts. It would show voters that the postinvasion Shia elites, Abadi’s Dawa party and Ameri’s Badr, are still determined to cling to power, paying no heed to voters’ anger over corruption. It would also risk the further estrangement of the Sunni population, many of whom have lost their homes because of the IS uprising and the massive bombing campaigns unleashed in the struggle to defeat it. Sadr’s alliance is much better placed to win Sunni support than any of the alternatives. Although a prime minister whom he nominated would necessarily have to work with other strong rivals, including Abadi, and offer them some ministerial portfolios, the damage would not be severe if it was clear that they were in subordinate positions. An ideal candidate for Iraq’s next prime minister would be Raed Fahmy, the Communist Party’s secretary general, an urbane engineer with considerable political experience who led the Communist faction in the outgoing parliament. But the Sadrists have said they would rather go into parliament as the official opposition than be a junior part of a traditional coalition. Let us hope it does not come to that. Iraq’s voters have shown they want to turn a new page. As the postelection haggling begins, it would be a disgrace to let them down. Jonathan Steele is a veteran foreign correspondent and author of widely acclaimed studies of international relations.


08 COMMENT

Wednesday, 16 May, 2018

Pakistani elections’ transfer window

Going forward

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The election, especially

t is clear, especially since Nawaz Sharif raised the temperature with his Mumbai-attackers comment, that the PML-N has decided to rally behind its Quaid for life. And since the party has still not come up with a proper election manifesto, analysts and onlookers should be forgiven for assuming that Nawaz’s one-point agenda – of maligning state institutions – is also going to form core party policy heading into the election. With only two months left, Shehbaz Sharif will have to move very quickly if he wants to shake that perception, otherwise Nawaz would have succeeded in imposing himself upon the party campaign despite being disqualified for life. PtI has taken the initiative with regard to a structured election campaign. Its eleven points, however debatable, at least give people something to vote for or against. PML-N rallies, by contrast, have yet to move beyond badmouthing just about everything under the sky. PPP, too, has begun moving away from the accusations-only phase of campaigning, though anything resembling a proper manifesto is still nowhere on the horizon. Of the main parties it is only PML-N that has yet to find its feet. the party has revolved around Nawaz from the moment of his ouster. Even with the deck stacked against him, Nawaz can count on Shehbaz Sharif as well as PM Abbasi to do his bidding, no matter what the cost to the party, or the country for that matter. But since Nawaz is not expected to escape the corruption cases without a sentence, and the party must look to the future, perhaps an intervention from Shehbaz is around the corner. Going forward, the ruling party cannot just devote all its energies towards protecting, and projecting, a person already removed from the political scene, forever, by the courts. At present, it looks as if PML-N is headed for a collision, not an election.

‘Thou shalt not kill’ Israel’s Monday massacre in Gaza

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hAtEvER their personal failings or policy mistakes, recent US presidents sensibly put off the requirements of the 1995 Jerusalem Embassy Act, shifting the American embassy from tel Aviv to Jerusalem to ‘protect their national security interests’, knowing well that any imposed change in status of the contested city would spark violent Palestinian unrest, end the supposed American role of ‘honest broker’ in the 70-year Palestinian-Israel dispute and prove the final nail in the coffin for a viable two-state solution. But the impulsive incumbent, Donald trump, discontinued this prudent practice by a December 2017 waiver, finally facilitating shifting of the US embassy to Jerusalem on Monday, amid much gaiety, fanfare and self-congratulatory speeches on the ‘historic’ occasion by myopic speakers, including trump’s daughter and Jewish son-in-law, both senior White house aides. But there was a darker, uglier side to this genial picture. Even as the elated Zionist company was ‘dancing to the jazz band’, the Palestinian ‘ocean liner was sinking’. For the displaced Palestinians of occupied Gaza, over 41 of whom had already been killed and 1,800 injured in Israeli forces’ firing since March 30 while staging the ‘Great March of Return’ on Fridays near the sealed, ‘racist’, border fence, Monday became one of the blackest days of the Palestinian resistance. As thousands, including women and children, protested in the Gaza Strip, Israeli soldiers fired automatic weapons, while drones flew overhead hurling tear gas, resulting in 60 Palestinian dead and nearly 3,000 wounded (and with the bigger ‘Naqba’ demonstration still to come on tuesday), a grim testimony to Israeli inhumanity and its flouting of international law and moral codes with impunity. Only South Africa, with its apartheid past, and turkey condemned the IDF sniper’s cold-blooded killings, and recalled their ambassadors, but the general reaction has largely been muted, as usual. however, blaming hamas for all ills, a key plank of US-Zionist propaganda, will not exonerate the IDF’s deadly killing sprees. Muslim world reaction is pathetic, as usual, but of extreme concern is the close Israeli-Saudi nexus against Iran, which immeasurably weakens the larger Palestinian cause. Israel’s ‘eternal, undivided, capital’ may in time turn out to be a mirage, but then so unfortunately is present Muslim unity.

Dedicated to the legacy of the late Hameed Nizami

Arif Nizami Editor Aziz-ud-Din Ahmad

Umar Aziz

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Another political drama

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K K ShAhid

S football seasons around the globe are drawing to their ends, a new kind of transfer window has opened in Pakistan: that of exchanging politicians between political parties. And with Pakistan tehreek-e-Insaf’s claim of landing the political equivalent of Cristiano Ronaldo – okay, maybe Gareth Bale would be more accurate if the man in question is a certain Nisar – the news of Javed hashmi going the other way has struck most like lightning. Whether it has set your world on fire or alight, depends upon your political affiliations. If Nisar is the political equivalent of Gareth Bale, then hashmi perhaps is Michael Owen: breaking his “home club’s” (Liverpool/PMLN) hearts in old age by asking for a move to the bitter rivals (Manchester United/PtI). however, unlike Owen, hashmi seems to have rediscovered his loyalties and has decided to return to his former party. And, unfortunately for PtI, the horse they just lost is not half as irrelevant as an ageing Michael Owen. Although Multan’s NA-149 is considered to be hashmi’s stronghold given the spiritual relevance he holds in the area, however, his influence extends much, much farther. he has a history of contesting and winning elections in constituencies in Lahore, Rawalpindi, and the federal capital Islamabad. NA-48, the constituency from which hashmi won in 2013, and the constituency which PtI’s Asad Umar currently

holds, lies in the very heart of Islamabad. he is an ace up any party’s sleeve; one that can be used in various key constituencies – which is why coaxing him back into the party smack in the middle of the election season, is a power-stroke for PMLN; especially because he can prove to be very useful against two of PtI’s heavyweights: Shah Mehmood Qureshi and Asad Umar. hashmi shares constituencies with both, with the former in Multan and with the latter in Islamabad. Qureshi and hashmi have enough in common to be bitter rivals: their strong agricultural background (both are two of the three biggest feudal lords of Multan, with the third being Yousaf Raza Gillani), their “saintly” status in their hometown (another trait shared by Gillani) and their neighbouring constituencies, NA149 for hashmi and NA-150 for Qureshi. It is hard to pick a winner should both choose to contest from the same constituency in Multan (something hashmi challenged Qureshi to, back in 2014), as they both have strong political, social, and economic backgrounds, and their “head-to-head” is balanced at 1-1 – while hashmi beat Qureshi in 1997, the former had the last laugh, beating his rival in their hometown of Multan in 2013. this is probably why hashmi is smarting a little to this day, which is why he challenged Qureshi to the seat in NA-150 (Qureshi’s stronghold) and which is why it should be fun to see them lock horns in the upcoming elections. Despite them not considering each other as rivals (they’re as adverse to each other as Jose Mourinho

and Pep Guardiola, only a little more civilised – perhaps) the prospect of their contest is one that calls for fresh popcorn and chilled soda. Umar, on the other hand, is new to the political scene. hailing from an army family, Asad Umar has a business education and has worked for several multinational comp a n i e s , including h S B C , Exxon, and Engro, and, hence, is a salaried man. he has no background in politics, except that his brother, Zubair Umar, is the current governor of Sindh and a member of PML-N. Both Asad and Zubair are newbies in the political scene, and have no disciples – unlike the three from Multan – to ensure their lasting success in the business. Nevertheless, they have both managed to secure their niche in politics through their own hard work alone. there’s only one thing that one-ups Asad from his elder brother: the Sitara-IImtiaz which he received from the PPP government in 2009, for his services to the public sector.

however, no amount of education, technical prowess, finesse, and refinement can counter simpleton’s hashmi’s popularity – or can it? Unluckily for hashmi and P M L - N , Umar’s profile would have been useless anywhere in Pakistan except for educated, diplomatic, and posh, Islamabad, where Pakistan tehreeke-Insaf has gathered many followers. however, hailing from the ruling party could never hurt, and that’s one thing that gives hashmi an assured advantage. Plus, if he can beat Sheikh Rasheed in Rawalpindi’s NA-55, he can pretty much beat anyone anywhere. A lifeline for the fledgling PML-N? Definitely. hashmi’s move has added a little more spice to the upcoming elections, and we wait – armed with our cans of soda and buckets of popcorn – for the 15th of July to arrive and unravel another political drama before our eyes.

The news of Javed Hashmi going the other way has struck most like lightning. Whether it has set your world on fire or alight, depends upon your political affiliations.

K K Shahid is a member of staff.

Pakistan’s middle class The time has come

AAdil AAmir

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t is rumoured that the king makers smile favourably upon the new prince-to-be, Imran Khan; and Nawaz Sharif, who was once considered a favourite of the establishment, is now not only on the wrong side of the fence and but he has also managed to become a political invalid after the Supreme Court of Pakistan declared him unfit for not only public office but also party office. Kaptaan, who’s political philosophy is grounded in exterminating corruption from the country and follows a top-down model, seems to be in line with the establishment’s anti-corruption policies and therefore, the cricketer turned politician is now deemed to be the king’s choice and his Pakistan tehreek-e-Insaf, the king’s party. the question, however, is if the real masters of Pakistan, i.e. the middle class, will be allowed to participate in the arena of Le Nationale Realpolitik. the marginalised people of Pakistan i.e. the salaried, middle, lower and underprivileged classes which makes up almost 98pc of the population have always been kept out of the halls of power by the infamous ‘2pc’. A process initiated by the Firangis and followed though by the Lawrence brothers in Punjab, who kept these classes out of power and within control of the Raj by educating local tribal elders, sardars and nawabs in the British ways, has taken on a new form in contemporary Pakistan. Now, these classes are kept in check by making it impossible for anyone without several millions of rupees (anyone who’s not a member of the bourgeoisie) to spend on election campaigns, public officials and party funds, to reach parliament. A methodKarachi – Ph: 021-35381208-9

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ical system of plutocracy has been established in the country albeit in a very subtle manner. If Imran khan is to truly become the new prime minister after the upcoming elections (which seems very likely) and his anti-corruption vision continue to coincide with the judiciary and those who ‘pull-the-strings’ then an unintended consequence is most likely to occur; the inevitable rise of the Pakistani middle class. the hypothesis roughly forms like this: In order to successfully implement anti-corruption policies and defeat the brown Cosa Nostra that controls every segment of Pakistan’s political economy, rule-of-law must be established. Once rule-of-law is established (which it most likely will be) and the anti-corruption wave takes on full swing, (which is what the state apparatus is moving towards) a natural dichotomy will be created between electoral politics and wealth. this will come to pass because the established rule of law and anti-corruption wave will not tolerate any ‘capo’ or ‘foot soldier’ to possess black money. those who have earned their wealth vis-avis hard labour and white-collar employment will never be willing to spend opulent amounts of wealth on achieving electoral victory, something that will no longer allow them to earn back what they have spent and become increasingly affluent. this achieved gulf between money and power will naturally pave the road to parliament and echelons of power for the middle class. In addition to this, once the corrupt become aware that the state apparatus will not tolerate corruption, excesses and misuse of power, they will naturally lose interest in politics. this is because public office holders will no longer be allowed and able to exert influence on members of the judiciary and the National Accountability Bureau to turn a blind eye towards corrupt practices by the ‘godfathers’ and their ‘capos’, ‘underbosses’ and ‘soldiers’. Social norms and beliefs, and power structure in Pakistan can be understood in one sentence: there is a power struggle in Pakistan between the powerless and the powerful. this essentially explains the elite’s interest in hereditary constitutional politics and interest of the lower and middle classes in civil services. Members of the middle class feel that they would be ‘protected’ and their civil service career would place them in

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Web: www.pakistantoday.com.pk

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the periphery of state power. If Imran Khan comes into power and rigorously pursues his topdown anti-corruption policies, this power struggle within the society will come to a pause. Consequently, the elite will not only lose interest in direct politics but the middle class will also prefer venturing into parliament (which seems like an impossibility right now) instead of civil services. With the middle class venturing into politics, Pakistan will not only see a sudden shift in national policy emphasis (the emphasis shifting from class interest to national interest) but the state will also witness a parliament and consequently an executive that is characterised by nationalism, honesty and competency. this in turn will also solve the ‘institutional overreach’ conundrum. this change in the political character and decrease in disconnect between the rulers and the ruled in Pakistan will establish a political system that will find rule of law as its foundation and policies that focus on the efficient and equitable distribution of public goods. Such a system will not only enjoy confidence of the people but it will also enjoy their protection. People in turkey did not come out for President Erdogan, they marched to protect their system because their interest is aligned with the present turkish system. this is also why the people will not march if Nawaz Sharif calls from Adiala Jail. Contrary to popular opinion, people rally to protect the system because their interest is synonymous with it and not to protect disqualified ‘leaders’. Such a system will also result in a sharp decrease in ethnic and provincial divide, and the people of Pakistan will rally around their ‘interest’ i.e. the system. this will finally allow Pakistan to transform from a nation-less state into a Pakistan that houses a nation. If the alleged ‘political engineering’ in Pakistan’s politics at present achieves this as a consequence of the Kaptaan coming into power then this is exactly what the country needs at the dawn of the 21stcentury. the time of the colonialminded plutocratic-aristocrats is almost over and the working class epoch is not a distant dream anymore. It is only a matter of time that Pakistan finds its Putin, (he transformed Russia from a bankrupt state to a first-rate world power within 20 years) obviously from the middle class. Aadil Aamir is a member of staff.

Email: editorial@pakistantoday.com.pk


COMMENT 09

Wednesday, 16 May, 2018

Editor’s mail

Send your letters to: Letters to Editor, Pakistan today, 4-Shaarey Fatima Jinnah, Lahore, Pakistan. E-mail: letters@pakistantoday.com.pk Letters should be addressed to Pakistan today exclusively.

Smarter and stronger partnership

A settlement in Sindh’s education row And setback in KPK

ShAbAnA mAhfooz

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OME headway seems to have been made in Sindh’s education row in the form of an agreement between parents and schools. the entire country appears to be embroiled in the issue of increasing tuition fee by private schools and while Punjab somewhat settled it last year, Sindh is also making progressive efforts. In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), however, the row just got even bitter. With the 18th amendment, education is now a provincial subject. Each province sets its own rules, regulations and targets for the sector. And when it comes to the issue of increase in tuition fees, each province has a rather different tale to tell. During this year, Sindh high Court ruled in favour of private schools when it quashed a government rule restricting increase in tuition fees to a maximum of five per cent. the court termed the ceiling as ‘constitutionally impermissible’, stating that as a private enterprise, any institution, including a school is allowed to operate for profit. At the same time, it also directed the Sindh government to devise regulatory frameworks within 90 days. the provincial government formed a 12member committee which was tasked to draft rules through suitable amendments in the Sindh Private Educational Institutions Regulations Control Rules 2005. Although after a series of meetings, deliberations are still going on, the parents and schools have agreed on an inflationary mechanism. It appears that parents have accepted that firstly, schools need to increase tuition fees. Secondly, there also seems to be an agreement that there cannot be a fixed bracket for tuition fees increase because that may not incorporate many elements. Increase in petrol prices, electricity fares, transport costs, commercial rents, etc, are subject to inflationary trends and are not in the control of the private sector. Like any other institution, a school, aiming to reach and maintain a credible standard needs to make extra investment on its staff’s training, their increments, facilities and infrastructure. thus, increase in investment demands in-

crease in revenue. Where regulation plays the role is the frequency of increase in tuition fees and its mechanism, standard of teaching and curriculum and checks to ensure that exploitation of employees or students does not take place in any way. And this regulatory standard can best be established through a dialogue. While Sindh has opted for consensus of opinion to resolve a burning issue, anarchy seems to rule KPK. In my column only a week ago, I had highlighted the tussle between private school owners and the provincial government. the schools have been protesting regulations imposed by the province’s Private Schools Regulatory Authority (PSRA) following a judgement by Peshawar high Court last year. the regulations provide that increase in tuition fee shall not be more than three per cent per annum, the institutions shall not charge more than half of the tuition fee from second and third children of the same parent, schools shall charge only maximum of 50 per cent of the tuition fee during vacations of more than 30 days. to a parent the regulations may seem to prove that justice is in reach, but for a private school owner they mean that cost of running the institution would be hardly met. And while the practicality of the regulations could be debated upon, PSRA, again on an instruction by the court, requested the State Bank to seal accounts of 22 noncompliant schools. Around 40 ‘non-conforming’ private schools have already been sealed earlier. this is happening at a time when students are in the process of appearing in their final examinations. the row is worsening at the time when summer vacations are about to start and such a strong penal action may have definitely raised questions in the minds of teaching, administrative and helping staff of the troubled schools about the future of their jobs. Couldn’t deliberations be considered as an alternative? Wasn’t the 2-3 months long summer break a better time to find a solution? Are private schools in KPK expected to follow regulations verbatim by the state, as if they owe their ownership to it? this is a situation which cannot be one sided. While private schools cannot and should not operate unregulated and unchecked without addressing the concerns of parents who

send their children there to seek education, the state cannot and should not operate in a purely anarchical manner to resolve issues. Another point to note in the troubling scenario is the response by private schools. While I hear that some schools have decided to challenge Peshawar high Court’s ruling in the Supreme Court, there was largely silence when that judgment was passed in November last year. And when the PSRA acted on the recommendations, the schools’ response was a shutdown. the very purpose for which those institutions are running, was put at the back bench. It is disappointing to observe that both the institutions which are involved in imparting knowledge and civility in the future generations and the regulatory authority governing them, have chosen to resolve an issue in a highly uneducated manner. they are, thus, setting precedence for their students that if caught in an undesirable situation, one can use force or choose to ignore, then vehemently protest. Private school owners have a right to debate, accept or reject recommendations and regulations, but is it justified at the cost of education? At the same time, if not in essence at least on the surface we are a democratically run nation. Are the actions taken by KPK against these schools in any way democratic? the unsettled situation of education row in KPK is extremely troubling. It, at the moment, presents a bleak picture of education’s future in the province, despite the reforms brought in the education sector by KPK. But bringing reforms does not justify running the sector with an iron fist. No province in the country can reach the target of educating each citizen through only public schools. Private schools’ participation is inevitable. KPK should learn from Punjab, which has made enormous progress in public–private collaborations in the education sector, recognised internationally. It still has a long way to go, but the step has inspired Sindh, which seems to be bringing a permanent solution in the tuition fees issue through consensus, a correct example for other provinces to follow. It is now KPK’s turn to set a positive precedence.

The unsettled situation of education row in KPK is extremely troubling. It, at the moment, presents a bleak picture of education’s future in the province, despite the reforms brought in the education sector by KPK.

Shabana contributor.

Mahfooz

is

a

freelance

MANILA-hEADQUARtERED Asian Development Bank and Pakistan have agreed to chart new ways to pursue more robust and inclusive ADB investments in the country by setting up Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) for tapping the private sector resources and meeting its rising infrastructure development needs. this in nutshell was the initial outcome of the three-day ADB Country Programming and Public-Private Partnerships in Pakistan which got underway at Bhurban near Islamabad the other day. ADB Country Director for Pakistan Xiaohong Yang and Director of ADB”s Office of Public-Private Partnerships takeo Koike , according to the reports, have underscored the bank’s continued commitment to support Pakistan to achieve its development goals outlined in the ADB-Pakistan country partnership strategy, called for closer coordination and consultation between the bank and the partners for ensuring better and smarter investment programmes to give a better response to Pakistan’s evolving priorities and said ADB reengages its operations in education and health sectors and in addition also investments in energy, transport, agriculture and institutional reforms. Ms Xiaohong Yang duly appreciated efforts of provincial governments of Punjab and Sindh for developing their investment frameworks to provide an enabling environment for the private sector for investment in infrastructure sector, the private sector responded positively and this augurs well for the success of PPP modalities in both these provinces. ADB is already providing 200 million dollars in loans, 100 million dollars to each of the two provinces, for projects supporting PPPs, the investment so being made is to augment and assist the provincial governments efforts to increase the commercial viability of the projects as well as mobilise more private sector participation in PPPs projects. ADB is one of the leading development partners of Pakistan and its provinces and relations running into decades have so remained trouble and tension free as the Bank authorities provide resources and ensure proper, effective and timely utilisation for completion of the projects in various sectors, please. thanks. MUHAMMAD MURTAZA ZEESHAN Lahore

While we still have time thIS is to draw the attention of the concerned authorities towards the Shrine of hazrat Abdullah Shah Ghazi. the renovation is awesome and beyond words, however, the main hall is poorly ventilated, despite its location. We have power fluctuations, very often and energy can be saved if windows at the right places are opened. It is nearing completion and most people who are regular visitors will agree with me to make required changes as soon as possible to avoid suffocation. ALiyA Karachi

Media perception It is matter of record that Pakistan is a committed predecessor of peace but the perception of international media about it creates problems and it needs to be corrected with a touch of reality in all fairness. this is what the National Security Advisor Lt General (r) Nasser Khan Janjua underlined while addressing APP’s organised International Conference of News Agencies on the theme “Pakistan’s Media Opportunities and Challenges” in Islamabad the other day. the NSA said that sometimes Pakistan is considered a poor Muslim country which is not safe due to threats of terrorism and extremism and at other times it is also dubbed as a nuclear country where nuclear weapons can fall into the hands of terrorists and also blamed at times for playing a double game in Afghanistan though all these perceptions are not based on reality. What the National Security Advisor said on the occasion is bitterly right and it is for our media both at home and abroad to paint right and correct picture of a moderate, peace loving and progressive Pakistan and its people before the international community quite forcefully and effectively. It is also a sad reflection on the not so impressive performance of Pakistan’s missions and embassies all over the world and our diplomats posted there need to spend maximum possible time in interaction with the media people and prominent personalities from different walks in their respective countries instead of spending time in their cosy and comfortable offices, they are paid handsomely for putting forth the right message of the people and the government before the international community almost round the clock to ensure the international media understands and appreciates what Pakistan is doing at home to eliminate terrorism and internationally for peace and stability in the region particularly in neighbouring Afghanistan, please. MUHAMMAD MURTAZA ZEESHAN Lahore


10 NEWS

Wednesday, 16 May, 2018

OLD HABITS DIE HARD

KP govt toutS queStionable higher education StatS laHORE

t

KP HIgHer edUCATIoN dePArTMeNT ClAIMS eSTAblISHMeNT of 10 PUblIC SeCTor UNIVerSITIeS dUrINg PTI’S TeNUre

ABDULLAH niAZi

HE Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) government in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) has once again been caught propagating false official statistics about the state of education in the province after it claimed to have established 10 universities during its rule, even though half of them are not even recognised by the Higher Education Commission (HEC). The KP Higher Education Department had recently claimed that the PTI government had established 10 public sector universities during their tenure. The number was based on a report released in July by the provincial government’s Higher Education Management Information Sector (HEMIS) cell. However, at least five institutions listed as universities in the report were not recognised by HEC. Meanwhile, one of the three that have been developed on their watch was a simple case of upgrading an existing sub-campus, while another institute listed in the report was in reality upgraded between 2008-2013 when an Awami National Party (ANP) and Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) formed a coalition government in KP. The PTI and HEMIS had made the

same claims in October last year when Pakistan Today had reported the discrepancies between the HEC listings and the claims propagated by HEMIS. The HEMIS report had claimed that under the PTI-led government, nine public sector universities were constructed from scratch. However, the HEC had confirmed to Pakistan Today that only three universities were given charters in the past four years. The other five added to the list were either being developed into a varsity or were not up to the mark to be considered universities. According to details provided by HEC, the current list of public universities in the KP included 25 universities. Out of these, those that have received charters and officialised as universities in their own right included the Abbottabad University of Science and Technology, Abbottabad (2015), Women University, Swabi (2015), Shuhada-e-Army Public School University of Technology, Nowshera (2016) and the Women University, Mardan (2016). On the other hand, the list produced

by the HEMIS cell cited a total of 29 universities, adding five more to the supposed tally of ‘universities founded’ during the PTI’s tenure in KP. These included the University of Buner, University of Chitral, University of Agriculture, Dera Ismail Khan (DI Khan, University of Engineering and Technology (UET), Mardan, and University of Science and Technology, Lakki Marwat. The ninth university (Swabi Women’s University) being claimed by the PTI, was made during the ANPPPP led government in 2012, according to HEC records. Meanwhile, the other five ‘universities’ mentioned in the HEMIS cell report were all either managed by a project director with no vice chancellor or were simply sub-campuses of older universities that were established many years ago. The claims seem to be a last-ditch effort by PTI to somehow surpass ANP’s record tally of eight universities that received charters during their rule, especially in the backdrop of media reports about the PTI government failing to build none of the 29 col-

leges that it had approved since 2013. While it is true that the KP government had indeed given charters to the first four universities in the list, but both the University of Buner and the University of Chitral could not be officially considered universities without receiving the charters from the relevant body. The Agricultural University in DI Khan did not even exist and was only a department inside DI Khan’s Gomal University and not even a sub-campus. UET Mardan was also nothing more than a sub-campus of UET Peshawar and the same was the case with the University of Science and Technology in Lakki Marwat, which was a subcampus of a Bannu based university. At this point, it is pertinent to note that other universities that have actually been given charters by the current government included Abbottabad University of Science and Technology established in 2008 as a sub-campus of Hazara University. For them to try and take credit for changing the name of an already established campus and giving it a university charter was a misrepresentation of facts in the same way that ANP had in the past taken credit for establishing the Islamia College University, which was already one of the oldest established institutions of higher learning in Pakistan.

Is Nawaz the first one to link Pakistan with Mumbai attacks? Marriyum Aurangzeb defends lengthy broadcast of Sharifs on PTV Islamabad Agencies

Information Minister Marriyum Aurangzeb on Tuesday defended Pakistan Television’s (PTV) allocation of a sizable airtime to former prime minister Nawaz Sharif and his daughter Maryam Nawaz, saying that doing so was a discretionary right conferred upon her by the federal cabinet. Aurangzeb’s defence of PTV’s programming policy came after Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Senator Faisal Javed, who chairs the Senate Standing Committee on Information Broadcasting and National Heritage, commented that the state network is spending millions of rupees on hours-long speeches of a ‘disqualified’ person and his daughter. “Only one party; one person and his daughter get coverage on PTV,” Javed said. “Three-hour-long speeches of a disqualified man and his daughter are broadcast live. Millions of rupees are being spent on such transmissions.” “The only thing lacking is the airing of dramas titled ‘mujhey kyun nikala (Why was I forced out)’ on PTV. Perhaps, they should show Nawaz Sharif on PTV Home and PTV Sports as well,” the committee chairman said in an acerbic attack on the information ministry. “PTV cannot be allowed to run in the manner of a dictatorship,” Javed added, asking the ministry of information to explain its news programming. In reply, Aurangzeb came to PTV’s defence, saying: “The cabinet has given me the power to make policies. It is my discretionary right.” “Nawaz Sharif is a national leader; he has been the prime minister thrice. If he and Maryam speak for even five hours [at a stretch], we will broadcast it live,” she concluded.

Former prime minister Nawaz Sharif, who has been in limelight for last few months for criticising the judiciary and military establishment, has drawn ire of the top civil and military leadership over his comments on the 2008 Mumbai attacks in a recent interview to Dawn. Nawaz, in the interview, had said, “Militant organisations are active. Call them non-state actors, should we allow them to cross the border and kill 150 people in Mumbai? Explain it to me. Why can’t we complete the trial?” The statement was condemned by all the political parties, including the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) and Pakistan Tehreek-eInsaf (PTI), with many political leaders demanding that Nawaz Sharif be tried for high treason. On Monday, a meeting of National Security Committee (NSC), which was chaired by Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi, categorically denied the controversial comments, calling it “completely false and misleading”. Later in the day, the PM had also tried to “clear the confusion”

surrounding the statement, saying Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) supremo Nawaz Sharif was “misreported and misinterpreted”. However, Nawaz Sharif stuck to his stance, saying that he has said nothing new as “former president Pervez Musharraf, former interior minister Rehman Malik and former national security adviser Major-General (r) Mehmood Durrani had already confirmed [what I said]”. EX-INTERIOR MINISTER REHMAN MALIK: Rehman Malik, interior minister at the time, was quoted as saying, “some part of the conspiracy has taken place in Pakistan and…according to the available information, most of them (the suspects) are in our custody.” Malik had said the assailants used three boats to travel from Pakistan to Mumbai. He had said detectives had traced an engine recovered from one of the vessels to a shop in Karachi. He had said the shopkeeper had provided the phone number of the buyer which led

them to Hammad Amin Sadiq. Malik had said authorities had arrested Sadiq and obtained from him information that led them to bust two “hideouts of the terrorists”, one in Karachi and one about two hours drive away. He had described Sadiq as “the main operator”, but didn’t elaborate. However, Rehman Malik has now urged the deposed PM to retract the Mumbai attack statement. EX-ISI CHIEF LT GEN (R) SHUJA PASHA: According to an interview given by Pakistan’s former ambassador to the US, Husain Haqqani, then Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) chief Lt General Shuja Pasha had admitted that planners of the 26/11 attacks were “our people” but it was not “our operation”. At the end of his meetings with CIA chief General Michael Hayden, Pasha had reportedly visited Haqqani at the latter’s residence. “Pasha said to me ‘Log hamaray thay, operation hamara nahin tha’,” Haqqani writes in the book — “India vs Pakistan: Why Can’t We Just Be Friends?” neWs DesK

Pakistan among biggest sources of money laundering to UK, NCA warns lONdON sTAFF RePORT

The National Crime Agency (NCA) on Tuesday warned that the United Kingdom (UK) remains a prime destination for foreign corrupt and politically exposed people to launder money, with the biggest sources of corrupt investment being Russia, Nigeria and Pakistan. In its annual assessment of serious and organised crime, the NCA said, “Investment in UK property, particularly in London, continues to be an attractive mechanism to launder funds.” The agency had prepared a report drawing intelligence from UK law enforcement, government departments, the intelligence community and the private and voluntary sectors. The report said, “Money laundering potentially running to hundreds of billions of pounds impacts the UK annually, with a significant threat being posed by the criminal exploitation of accounting and legal professionals involved with trust and company provision.” “UK cybercrime continues to rise in scale and complexity but under-reporting of data breaches continues to erode our ability to make robust assessments of the scale and cost of network intrusions,” the UK authorities admitted. It’s understood that hundreds of Pakistanis have invested money in the UK, unknown to authorities in Pakistan. Leaders from almost every major political party have invested monies across the UK, mainly from PPP, PMLN and PTI. The NCA said that there is evidence that the scale and complexity of organised crime continue to grow despite notable operational successes in the UK. NCA Director General Lynne Owens said, “The National Crime Agency leads the response to serious and organised crime in the UK, protecting the public and targeting the criminals who have the biggest impact.” Owens remarked that this year’s assessment shows that organised crime groups (OCGs) were exploiting digital technology, for instance using encryption to communicate, and dark web marketplaces to aid their activities.

HRW expresses concern over rise in militant attacks on girls’ school Human Rights Watch (HRW) has expressed concern over rise in militant attacks on schools, especially girls’ schools, in Pakistan. The HRW urged Pakistan, in a statement published on its official website, to develop a comprehensive policy for protecting all students – but especially girls, who are already disadvantaged from attending school by cultural factors – from being attacked at school. “Pakistan can start by endorsing the Safe Schools Declaration, a non-binding agreement that has been adopted by 74 countries who pledge to act to protect students, teachers, and schools from being attacked, and to restore access to education when attacks occur. Attacks on education not only harm students and families directly affected, but have an incalculable long-term negative effect on Pakistan’s society and economy. The government should do all it can to keep Pakistani children safe at school,” the statement read. neWs DesK

Trilateral moot calls for broader economic corridor Islamabad MiAn ABRAR

Delegates of a trilateral dialogue including Pakistan, China and Afghanistan on Tuesday were unanimous in working together to form a broader economic corridor involving Pakistan, China, Afghanistan and Iran. Speaking at the inaugural session of trilateral track-II dialogue titled “Constructive Engagement for Sustainable Growth”, National Security Advisor Lt Gen (r) Nasser Janjua called for developing a broader economic corridor involving Pakistan, China, Afghanistan and Iran as the four countries were not only geographically placed at the heart of the world map but also provided an opportunity to connect the global community. Chinese Ambassador Yao Jing, Afghan Ambassador Omar Zakhilwal and delegates from the three countries attended the dialogue hosted jointly by the

Chinese embassy and Regional Peace Institute (RPI). Nasser Janjua said that Afghanistan had become a ‘wound of the world’ following the ongoing war encompassing four decades, which needed a healing now. He added that Pakistan and Afghanistan needed to move forward and migrate from mistrust towards prosperity. “It is about time that Pakistan and Afghanistan separate politics from the economy. As they say, prosperity is another name of security, we need to foster economic collaboration. We need to implement the seven-point agreement recently agreed upon between Islamabad and Kabul,” he said. He said that Asia formed 60 per cent of the world population followed by Africa with 16 per cent. “The world is in Asia today. We have world’s most precious resource – the humans, we have got richest material resources of the world and we have the biggest consumer market. What else do we need? We just need to link the dots and start cooperating

CMYK

with each other for a shared future,” Janjua said. He went on to say that it was unfortunate to note that the world over the past four decades had invested in a war which had equally affected Pakistan, Afghanistan and the rest of the regional players. “Europe and Asia are already connected and jointly they form Eurasia. We just need to connect China with rest of the world through Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran. This is where Belt & Road Initiative (BRI) comes into play. The Muslim countries are the best part of the world which is energy rich. Connecting the Muslim world with rest of the global players would take the tally of people to 86 per cent,” he added. Chinese Ambassador Yao Jing said that China believed in developing regional approaches for regional solutions and Beijing had been engaging Islamabad and Kabul for removing mistrust and collaborating for a win-win cooperation leading towards regional peace and prosperity.


Wednesday, 16 May, 2018

NEWS yousuf Salim set to become Pakistan’s first ever visually impaired judge Yousuf Salim, a gold medallist and visually challenged young man, who was once stopped from becoming a judge, is now set to be appointed as Pakistan’s first ever blind judge. According to Gulf News, the dream of 25-year-old visually impaired man to become a judge is about to be fulfilled as he has proved that disability does not mean inability. Salim was thrilled when he received a letter of recommendation by Lahore High Court (LHC) on Saturday which read: “Honourable Examination Committee for Recruitment of District Judiciary and Lahore High Court Establishment has recommended you for appointment as Civil Judge-cum-Magistrate.” The recommendation is the first step towards the realisation of his dream to become a judge, Salim told Gulf News. “There would be some legal formalities in coming weeks before the official appointment” he informed. Salim is a gold medallist of the Punjab University in LLB (Honors) and had topped the written judiciary exam among 6,500 candidates in 2014. But his impressive academic record only took him to the interview stage for the position of civil judge. He was among 21 successful candidates but was not selected as he was blind. Fortunately, Chief Justice of Pakistan Mian Saqib Nisar took notice of the case after media reports and directed the chief justice of the Lahore High Court (LHC) to review the case saying that a person could be a judge even if he is blind, provided he meets all other qualifications. Following the order, LHC chief justice and its relevant committee reconsidered him as a candidate and recommended him for the position of the civil judge. Yousuf Salim expressed gratitude to CJP for taking notice of the situation and the chief justice of LHC and selection committee for reconsidering his case and recommending him as he is confident that he is fully eligible for the position. Salim who hails from Lahore is the son of a chartered accountant. He has four sisters and two of them are also visually impaired. One of his sisters, Saima Salim, is the first blind civil services officer who has served in Pakistan’s UN missions in Geneva and New York. Saima is also known as Helen Keller of Pakistan and is seen as a true beacon of hope for many disabled. Another of his blind sister Ayesha teaches at a university in Lahore and is also doing her PhD. Yousaf is the youngest among siblings. When asked what motivated the talented visually impaired siblings to achieve their goals, Salim explained that “it is critical to establish a strong foundation for all children, especially differently abled, on which they can build fulfilling lives.” neWs DesK

ATC indicts Karachi mayor in May 12 violence case KARACHI: Muttahida Qaumi Movement-Pakistan (MQMP) Mayor Wasim Akhtar on Tuesday was indicted by an antiterrorism court along with some other suspects in the May 12 violence case. Wasim Akhtar served as the home adviser when the May 12, 2007 violence took place. He appeared in court along with the others accused, however, the others could not be indicted in the other cases related to the May 12 violence, as their legal counsels were not present. The court, however, has summoned witnesses to record their statements at the next hearing. The hearing was adjourned until June 23. Talking to reporters, Akhtar said there should be impartial investigations into the real perpetrators of violence. Calling for an end to fake cases, the mayor said they are not the one to run away and will face the courts. Akhtar recalled that after becoming mayor of Karachi, he was nominated in dozens of cases against him as part of a political vendetta. On May 12, 2007, around 50 people were killed and hundreds injured as clashes broke out in the city between rival political groups after a visit of then-chief justice of Pakistan Iftikhar Mohammad Chaudhry. Akhtar was elected mayor of Karachi in August 2016 while he was in jail on judicial remand in various cases. sTAFF RePORT

11

REPATRIATION OF 52 PAKISTANIS

Moi PerMitS uS chartered Plane to droP oFF dePorteeS Islamabad

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AHMAD AHMADAni

AKISTAN’S Ministry of Interior (MOI) has granted permission to a chartered plane from United States (US) to land in the country on May 17 for repatriation/deportation of 52 Pakistani nationals currently languishing in US jails, it has been reliably learned. Copies of documents available with Pakistan Today showed that Washington had so far decided to deport 52 out of 107 Pakistani prisoners held in US jails on the charges of terrorism, robbery, breach of immigration laws, sexual harassment, drug peddling and false citizenship. For this purpose, the US had decided to send a chartered flight after getting verification from Pakistan’s interior ministry. Also, Pakistan’s Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) had already approved the arrival and departure schedule of the US flight. According to the flight schedule, a special flight (N 342AX) was scheduled to land in Pakistan on May 17 at Islamabad International Airport. This flight would fly out of Pakistan to the US on the same day at 11:30 am. It is important to mention here that a plan to repatriate 52 Pakistani prisoners had been finalised between the two countries. Earlier, a number of dialogue sessions between the officials of the US Department of Homeland Security Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and high-ups of MOI in Pakistan and officials of Pakistan’s Embassy in Washington have been conducted to ensure the repatriation of Pakistanis booked for committing different crimes. For this purpose, the US sought verification of 107 Pakistanis from Pakistan’s Embassy in Washington. Similarly, ICE requested the Pakistani

WASHINgToN WIll dePorT 52 oUT of 107 PAKISTANI PrISoNerS CUrreNTly lANgUISHINg IN US jAIlS embassy to grant permission to a chartered flight coming from the US. However, nationality verification process of 107 suspected Pakistanis in the US was still underway as only 54 Pakistani nationals have been verified so far. The MOI issued emergency travel documents (ETD) to 23 out of 30 individuals. The remaining seven persons were also set to be issued ETDs in a couple of days. Most of these individuals were already verified by the respective mission as they possessed the relevant National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA) citizenship numbers. “The total number of persons to be sent to Pakistan via the chartered flight was 54, including all verified cases as of now,” an email message of Saeed Ali, an official of the Pakistan Embassy in Washington, said. The ICE had set May 7 as the last date for the issuance of ETDs as the ICE authorities needed some time for preparatory work prior to the departure date, the documents said. “Foregoing in the view, the ministry concerned is requested to kindly approach the MOI for expedited verification latest by May 4, 2018, of as many individuals as possible to bring the number of deportees to a reasonable level,” an email message of Counsellor Political-VI, Embassy of Pakistan, Washington DC, said. These Pakistanis, currently serving jail-terms in US prisons, were booked for committing different crimes from 1996 to February 2018, including charges of ter-

rorism, immigration violations, fraud, false citizenship, sexual assault, sex offences, gambling, drug possession, possession of a weapon, traffic offences and disorderly conduct. Out of 54 Pakistanis named by ICE, only one Pakistani, namely Kashif Nauman, was being deported on terrorism charges, the documents further said. Earlier, ICE presented an official request to Pakistan’s Embassy in Washington to grant permission to the ICE to conduct a charter mission for transportation of Pakistani nationals to Islamabad on April 23. However, delay in the nationality verification of Pakistanis had apparently caused the delay in the deportation. “We currently have a manifest of 107 subjects to present with final orders of removal that are currently in the identity verification process. ICE respectfully requests the embassy to provide an official response to accept the charter proposal,” the US ICE said in its official request to Pakistan’s embassy. According to the documents, around 35 Pakistani nationals were languishing in US jails for violating immigration rules, while 11 Pakistanis were in detention for committing sexual offences, and 18 persons were allegedly involved in the trade of drugs and arms. It is important to mention here that Pakistani nationals are not the only ones to be deported from the US. The ICE conducted meetings with both Pakistani and Indian officials to finalise arrangements for sending a chartered joint flight carrying deportees from the two neighbouring countries. The jointly agreed chartered flight would first land in India to hand over the Indian prisoners and later arrive in Pakistan to drop off the deported Pakistani nationals.

Warrants out for Mastung Cadet College principal after violence video goes viral In a recent video that went viral on social media, students of Cadet College, Mastung can be seen beating and bullying other students with sticks during a supposed drill in the college, prompting a judicial magistrate to issue an order against the perpetrators. Speaking to Pakistan Today, the cadet college’s Vice Principal (VP) Jameelur Rehman said, “An incident of this sort has never happened before and this is the first time.” “Balochistan Constabulary protects the school but forms a perimeter outside the school premises and guards are not really present inside the college’s premises,” the VP added. Mastung Judicial Magistrate Muhammad

Zakria issued an order on Monday related to the incident and accused the cadet college’s principal and others. Non-bailable arrest warrants (NBWs) were also issued against the college principal and others. “NBWs of Cadet College, Mastung Principal and the accused namely, Tanveer, Mulla, Jahanzaib, Inayat, Saifullah and Rasheed all sons of unknown students of Cadet College Mastung be issued,” it read. “Such absence of the principal and responsible faculty members of the college for a long duration of the incident inevitably makes it clear that they have either abetted the offence with the accused persons or they have omitted to discharge their duty,” it added.

The judicial magistrate also ordered that the case should be registered under Section 190(C) of the Criminal Procedure Code. “The perpetrators had graduated from the college on the morning of the 13th of May while the incident happened in the evening when they were no longer students of the college,” the cadet college’s Adjutant Major Masood told Pakistan Today. “There is usually only one guard on round during the time the incident happened,” the major added. The adjutant also said, “We have decided to increase surveillance and separate the school and college sections to ensure that such an incident never occurs again.” neWs DesK

HEC CHAIRMANSHIP

16 candidates fail to provide relevant info, others skip interview INTerVIeWS for NeW HeC CHIef PoST Were Held beTWeeN APrIl 18 To 20 AT THe MINISTry of federAl edUCATIoN ANd ProfeSSIoNAl TrAININg Islamabad HAMiD KHAn WAZiR

The race for the selection of the new Higher Education Commission (HEC) chairman has entered the final stage but 16 candidates have hitherto failed to provide the relevant personal information to the search committee, with some even refusing to turn up for the interview. According to the documents, out of the total 110 candidates called for interviews, around 16 candidates did not provide any information and even failed to appear for the interviews. Two among them, including former University of the Punjab, Lahore, Vice-Chancellor Professor Dr Mujahid Kamran and Dr Tahir Rasheed from Karachi, showed serious reservations over the selection process

and for this reason they did not turn up for the interview. The remaining candidates who did not appear for the interview, included Professor Dr Khalid Mehmood Iraqi, Dr Abdul Nabi, Dr Qaisar Abbas, Dr Saadullah Tareen, Dr Muhammad Ishtiaq Qadri, Dr Basharat Hasan, Dr Altaf Hussain, Dr Muhammad Azam Khan Chishti, Dr Hafiz Muhammad Iqbal and Dr Zafar Mueen Nasir. The interviews were conducted for three consecutive days from April 18 to 20 at the Ministry of Federal Education and Professional Training in Islamabad. The information sought from the final candidates asked for information such as teaching experience (in years), degrees earned by each candidate and other similar queries.

Apart from this, candidates were also required to submit details of their year wise administrative experience as rectors, vice-chancellors/presidents, registrars, controller examinations, deans, chairpersons and heads of departments. In addition, the candidates were also required to submit information about their specific research areas, along with information about their published work in journals, in the form of books, the number of awards won for their work, and the number of PhD students supervised during the course of their careers. The Ministry of Federal Education and Professional Training required the technical assistance of four officials from the federal HEC to provide support to the search committee in verification of testimonials and research publications of the candidates. Per the available documents, the following information was furnished by all the four shortlisted candidates, whose names were forwarded to the prime min-

ister on May 12. Dr Tariq Banuri: He claimed to have 10 years of teaching experience in degree awarding institutions as an assistant professor and professor, while information about his administrative experience in degree awarding institutions as rector, vice chancellor, registrar and other administrative posts had not been shared. The number of international publications in his name in the impact factor journals amounted to 20 but the number of international patents was nil. Professor Dr Muhammad Mukhtar: He claimed to have 27 years of teaching experience in degree awarding institutions as an assistant professor, associate professor, and professor. He also claimed to have 19 years of administrative experience in degree awarding institutions as vice-chancellor and chairperson, director, and biosafety/radiation safety adviser. He claimed to have 101 international publications in impact factor journals.

However, the number of international patents in his name were nil, except for one research product which was undergoing clinical trials. Professor Dr Mohammad Iqbal Chaudhry: He claimed to have 30 years of teaching experience in degree awarding institutions as a lecturer, assistant professor, associate professor, and professor. He also claimed to have 25 years of administrative experience in degree awarding institutions only as head of a department and not as rector, vice-chancellor or registrar. Professor Dr Anwar-ul-Hassan Gilani: He claimed to have 36 years of teaching experience in degree awarding institutions as a lecturer, assistant professor, associate professor and professor, along with having 10 years of administrative experience in degree awarding institutions as head of a department, chairperson, and dean and not as rector, vice-chancellor, registrar or other top administrative posts.


12 BUSINESS Basir shamsie to steer Js Bank as president and ceo LAHorE: JS Bank’s board of directors have appointed Basir Shamsie as the new President and CEO of the bank replacing the former CEO Khalid Imran read a notification issued here on Tuesday. The notification issued to the Pakistan Stock Exchange read “In accordance with Section 96 of the Securities Act, 2015 and Clause 5.19.13(c) of the rule Book of Pakistan Stock Exchange, we hereby convey the following: This is to inform that the Board of Directors of JS Bank Limited has approved the resignation of Khalid Imran as President and CEO of the Bank and has decided to appoint Basir Shamsie as the new President and CEO of the Bank, subject to the approval of the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP).” Basir Shamsie joined JS Group in 1994 and prior to being appointed as the new CEO, he served as JS Bank’s Deputy CEO while holding the office of Group Head Treasury, Investment Banking and Financial Institutions, and Senior Executive Vice President (SEVP). At JS Bank, in addition to his Group Head functions, he is responsible to head various committees and new business initiatives. He has also served on JS Bank’s founding Board of Directors for 5 years till 2012, prior to which he served on the Board of JS Global Capital Limited as Chairman. Later in the year 2016, he joined JS Investments Limited as a member of Board of Directors. Shamsie is a debt markets specialist and has closed over 60 debt capital market transactions, many of which have been landmark for Pakistan, such as the first commercial paper, first floating rate instrument, first perpetual bond, first bank subordinated debt, first 10-year corporate bond, and the first local Sukuk bond worth rs8 billion for Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA). Before joining JS Group, he worked in the Finance function at Upjohn Pakistan. Shamsie holds a Bachelors’ Degree in Business Administration and Management from University of Texas, Austin. He is also a graduate of the Programme for Leadership Development from Harvard Business School. ELEAZAR BHATTI

MAP elects new executive committee members, office bearers KArACHI: Management Association of Pakistan (MAP) has elected new office bearers at its Executive Committee meeting held on May 8, 2018, in Karachi. The newly elected office bearers include President Asif Ikram, Vice President Amir Jamil Abbasi, Honorary Secretary Talib S. Karim, and Honorary Treasurer riyaz T Chinoy. Elections for MAP’s Executive Committee took place during the 52nd Annual General Meeting (AGM) held on April 30, 2018, when approval of accounts for the year ended 2017 and appointment of auditors was also carried out. The Executive Committee for the period 2018-2021 comprises SICPA Inks Pakistan (Pvt) Ltd Managing Director Asif Ikram, KPMG Taseer Hadi and Co. Senior Partner Amir Jamil Abbasi, Institute of Business Management President Talib Syed Karim, Executive Coach and Consultant Sarfaraz A rehman, English Biscuit Manufacturers (Pvt) Ltd. Deputy Managing Director Saadia Naveed, 21st Century real Estate President and CEO Syed Salahuddin Haider, National Clearing Company of Pakistan Limited Chairman Humayun Bashir, International Industries Ltd. CEO riyaz T Chinoy, Jubilee Life Insurance Company Limited Managing Director and CEO Javed Ahmed and NBP Funds CEO Dr Amjad Waheed. Meanwhile, Salah Uddin will continue to serve as the MAP Executive Director. STAFF REPORT

Wednesday, 16 May, 2018

No additioNal taxes imposed, relief remaiNs primary focus, says miftah ISLAMABAD

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GHULAM ABBAS

EDErAL Minister for Finance Miftah Ismail, while winding up the debate related to Budget 2018-19 in the National Assembly here on Tuesday, said that the government has adopted 42 recommendations of the Senate in the budget fully or partially, meanwhile 108 suggestions mostly related to the development sector, have been forwarded to Ministry of Planning and Development for incorporation. He said the upper house and its standing committee had forwarded 157 recommendations to incorporate in the budget after a detailed evaluation of the budget proposals. He thanked the Senate’s Standing Committee on Finance for its weeks’ long analysis and subsequent recommendations made beyond political consideration. responding to the objections raised about the 6th budget of the government, he claimed the present government provided tax relief to all segments of society in the budget besides imposing no additional taxes, unprecedented in the history of Pakistan. rejecting the impression that government has imposed rs30 billion

taxes on petroleum products, he said that there are no intentions of doing so in the future. He said enhancing the upper limit of petroleum levy was a constitutional requirement. He assured that adjustment in the upper limit of Petroleum Development Levy (PDL) will not increase prices of petroleum products. The government instead, the minister claimed, had given relief to people from a low-income background by exempting their incomes from tax. Load-shedding: Talking about the challenge of load-shedding and ballooning circular debt, Miftah said, efforts were being made to contain the debt in order to avoid outages in the summer season. He said the government has increased power subsidy to rs150 billion and has added 12,230 megawatts of power to the national grid which has greatly helped bridge the demand and supply gap. Agriculture: About the steps taken for the growth of agriculture sector, he said the government has further reduced sales tax to 2 per cent on fertilizers. He said the farmers who will pay their outstanding bills in the first quarter of next fiscal year will be given exemption of 20 per cent in their bills. This will benefit the farming community to the tune of rs6 billion.

Government employees: The minister announced to enhance the conveyance allowance of government employees of grade 1-16 by 50 per cent and will be applicable to those employees who sit for late hours. He said it is the priority of the government to provide relief to the low-income groups and for this purpose, the small housing schemes will be facilitated and encouraged. The condition of filers: He said that non-filers of tax returns will not be able to purchase property but the limit for this purpose has been enhanced from rs4 million to rs5 million. He also announced to exempt the match industry from sales tax. BISP: Miftah said the allocations of Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP) have been enhanced three times while rs10 billion has been proposed for Pakistan Bait-ul-Mal for the next fiscal year. ExPort: Miftah shared that the government had announced an export package, which resulted in enhancing the exports of the country. He added exports witnessed an increase of 24 per cent in March 2018 and 18 per cent in April 2018. He said that a new export package was also on cards, which will be launched under the direction of the

MOF ADOPTS 42 BUDGET RECOMMENDATIONS, SENDS 108 PROPOSALS TO PLANNING MINISTRY NON-FILERS ALLOWED TO PURCHASE PROPERTY UPTO RS5 MILLION Prime Minister, adding that rs24 billion has been set aside in the budget to accommodate the new package. Explaining issues related to exports, the minister said that exports had suffered due to recession in the international market, internal security problems, and energy crisis in the past. Miftah Ismail said that exports are witnessing an increase following the incentives introduced by the government. He rejected the misperception and claims of some members of the House that the government at one side had withdrawn taxes of about rs184 billion and imposed other taxes of rs400 billion. HouSIng: While making an announcement regarding low-income housing programme, he said that government has proposed 50 per cent income tax exemption to those builders who would build small houses worth rs2.5 million. He also announced to incorporate the proposals regarding changes in Alternative Dispute resolution System forwarded by Senate body. Later, Miftah congratulated Chief Ministers of Sindh and Balochistan for presenting the budget of their respective provinces but questioned Sindh over presenting a three-month budget.

Stock value down by 35 per cent over the year NEWSDESK The Pakistan Stock Exchange (PSX) has been quietly celebrating its undeclared status as the best performing market in the region in 2018 year-to-date. Up to May 4, the return for CY2018 dished out by the local bourse was 10 per cent. The returns disbursed by other markets paled in comparison as most markets grew below three per cent: India and Malaysia 2.5 per cent and Sri Lanka 2.2 per cent, reported a national daily. But, showcasing the performance for a little over four months of 2018 portrays a misleading picture. Over the last year since the KSE100 Index hit an all-time high of 53,123 points on May 25, 2017, the Index has tanked 9,267 points to close trading last Thursday at 43,856 points. Last Thursday, the Index managed to find a foothold and climb a bit to snap a seven day losing streak, but that still leaves the KSE-100 Index with a loss of 17 per cent over the course of a year (based on the average loss calculated on the 100 shares that comprise the benchmark KSE-100 Index). Looking at the price erosion in numerous stocks over the year, it is easy to conclude that investors have been ruined. Calculations by this writer show that average loss on most stocks this past year still stand at an alarming 35 per cent – twice the loss of

17 per cent represented in KSE-100 stocks. For the comparison of investors’ return, it is pertinent to draw an analogy between the share prices of a sample of individual stocks over a year – from May 25, 2017 (the index peak) to the current levels. Most low-priced shares have been favourites of small savers and the volume leaders on most trading days. With almost a half of their savings gone, it is the small investor who has yet again taken the brunt of the blow. But if the PSX was striding forward even in the first four months of the current calendar year, the winning streak was snapped by the announcement of the federal budget on April 27; surprising all. Finance Minister Miftah Ismail bent over backwards to present a populist budget, containing incentives and tax exemptions which the PSX had been clamouring for over the past four years. The package for the capital market was loaded with tax incentives and exemptions. The budget 2018-19 decreed reduction in corporate tax by one per cent for the next five years to scale it down to 25 per cent by the end of financial year 2023; phasing out the currently levied super tax at three per cent for companies and four per cent for banks by one per cent every year, and restoration of the major exemption of tax at five per cent on bonus shares. At the conclusion of the budget speech, the market participants were all praise for Ismail for of-

fering what they termed was a ‘market friendly’ budget. The market, for its part, extended a cool response. In the seven trading sessions since the announcement of the budget, until last Wednesday, the market went on a losing streak with the KSE-100 Index poorer by 1,748 points, wiping out nearly four per cent of the year’s gains. Disappointed market gurus started to find fault with the budget. Ignoring the massive incentives, the non-restoration of slab-wise regime of capital gains tax (CGT) and the status quo on tax on cash dividends was blamed for the market fall. But investors’ concerns have more to do with corresponding uncertainties: the balance of payments situation and the weakened growth outlook for Pakistan by the International Monetary Fund which revised the GDP growth rate down from 5.6 per cent to 4.7 per cent for FY19. And above all, the bounties lavished in the budget were eclipsed by investors’ fear over the heated political atmosphere as the date for the appointment of a caretaker government followed by the general elections approaches. Although most brokerage houses tend to mention the politically charged atmosphere in the country simply as ‘noise on the political front’, so as to keep their foreign clients pacified, the local individual and institutional investors who see the extent of the acrimony between political rivals, have jettisoned shares and are running for cover in risk-free investments.

Fixed rates risky for plummeting Forex reserves: Moody’s LAHORE ELEAZAR BHATTI

Sovereigns with a relatively short average maturity of debt and weak debt affordability are generally the most exposed to a larger than expected rise in borrowing costs, read a report released by Moody’s Investors Service here on Monday while raising serious concerns over Pakistan’s foreign reserves and its ability to make foreign debt repayments. The report titled, “Weakest APAC and MENA sovereigns amongst most exposed to interest rate shock” concluded that moderate interest rate shocks would generally be manageable, with limited impact on debt affordability and debt bur-

den. However, it warned a severe shock would pressure a broader set of ratings. The report focused on 125 rated sovereigns analysing the sensitivity of sovereign fiscal metrics to two hypothetical interest rate shocks, one moderate and gradual and one severe and more immediate. Both shocks are assumed to be sustained over four years. Moody’s, in its report, anticipated that tightening of global financing conditions will be gradual. However, financing conditions could tighten more rapidly than current assumptions, either globally or for specific sovereigns. The report highlighted that at a sovereign level, exposure is highest for Lebanon, Egypt, Pakistan, Bahrain, and

Mongolia, followed by Sri Lanka and Jordan. It added that exchange rate shocks increase the cost of debt, however, boosting a fixed or managed exchanged rate, like the one Pakistan currently has, can seriously pressure foreign exchange reserves. The report further noted that for five of the 10 most exposed sovereigns – Lebanon, Pakistan (B3 stable), Mongolia (B3 stable), Sri Lanka (B1 negative) and Bahrain (B1 negative) – assessment of fiscal strength is “very low (-),” the weakest on the 15-rung scale in global sovereign rating methodology. The report read, “While weak fiscal strength is already a key feature of these countries’ credit profiles, deterioration in

fiscal metrics that would further exacerbate liquidity and external risks could weaken credit quality in either of the two potential shocks that we study.” For Pakistan and Bahrain, interest to revenue ratio would rise to 37 per cent and 35 per cent, respectively, by 2021 under the moderate shock scenario, compared with around 30 per cent in the baseline. These very high levels could strain market access and weigh on credit quality. In Asia Pacific, the report noted, Pakistan is among the most exposed to a higher cost of debt that feeds mostly through weaker debt affordability. The interest-to-revenue ratio rises between 7.5 percentage points in Pakistan in the moderate shock. For Pakistan, reliance on

short-term debt implies that higher yields feed through to debt servicing costs relatively quickly. The report also noted that sovereigns experiencing the sharpest weakening in debt affordability under the moderate shock, four out of five have managed exchange rates regimes. Meanwhile, out of the 30 most exposed sovereigns, 15 have managed exchange rates. Meanwhile, Moody’s maintained that higher interest to revenue in the baseline compared with floating exchange rates thrive under exchange rate shocks. Thus, deterioration in debt affordability could lower investors’ willingness to invest while making it harder for Pakistan to access foreign funding, the report concluded.


BUSINESS 13

Wednesday, 16 May, 2018

CORPORATE CORNER

aBraaJ to sell fuNd maNagemeNt uNit, K-electric to resolve liquidity issues SOURCES SAY ABRAAJ HAS HELD MEETINGS WITH SOCIETE GENERALE AND MASHREQBANK AMONG OTHER BANKS DUBAI

LAHORE: G’ FIVE Mobile President and CEO Abdul Rehman along with his team celebrates the second anniversary of Pakistan’s first mobile assembly unit. PR

LAHORE: Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi presents Tara Group Chairman Dr Khalid Hameed with the Lahore Chamber of Commerce and Industry’s Achievement Award on outstanding performance within the agriculture sector. PR

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AGENCIES

BrAAJ Group told creditors the sale of a stake in its fund-management unit and its Pakistani utility will help resolve potential liquidity issues, according to people with knowledge of the matter. The Dubai-based firm, roiled by allegations of misused funds, last week met banks, including Societe Generale and Mashreqbank that have the biggest exposure, the people said, asking not to be identified because the meeting was not public. Abraaj told lenders it is close to finding a buyer for the asset-management stake and will soon complete the disposal of its holding in KElectric, they said. Abraaj raised a loan from Mashreq Bank pledging the proceeds from the KElectric sale, one of the people said. Abraaj declined to comment, while Societe Generale and Mashreq Bank didn’t immediately respond to re-

NA committee directs gas companies to complete development schemes ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

National Assembly Standing Committee on Energy, which met under the Chairmanship of Member National Assembly (MNA) rana Afzaal Hussain in Islamabad on Tuesday, has directed Gas Distribution Companies to complete Gas Development Schemes under Prime Minister’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) programme within the stipulated timelines. The committee while dis-

Bata participates in milan fashion Week LAHORE: Bata Pakistan’s team recently participated in a star-studded Milan Fashion Week where Bata Pakistan Brand Ambassador Maya Ali graced the occasion with exclusive Bata Red Label Collection. Maya endorsed Bata in golden words highlighting the comfort of wearing Bata shoes. Milan Fashion Week is of the most prestigious event in the world of fashion. Moreover, the second Bata Fashion Weekend was even more spectacular and stunning than last year. During the gala evening, Bata presented the new brand manifesto “Me and Comfortable with it”. The Bata Fashion Weekend attracted fashion enthusiasts, influencers, and ambassadors from all over the world. The whole event was successfully organised in cooperation with IMA Production, partners all over and Bata the Brand in Prague. PRESS RELEASE

Bombay chowpatty joins hands with aman ambulance KARACHI: Crescent Star Group’s franchise, Bombay Chowpatty has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Aman Foundation to support the Aman Ambulance network this Ramadan. For every meal bought from Bombay Chowpatty, a percentage will go towards saving lives through Aman’s operations. In addition, this collaboration aims to create awareness about Aman Ambulances and the need for life-saving ambulance services in Karachi. Currently, Aman Foundation has 60 ambulances catering to the entire city of Karachi, comprising of 20 million people. However, there is a need for at least 200 life-saving ambulances for this many people, in order to ensure that no emergencies go unanswered. Crescent Star Group CEO Naeem Anwar, added, “We decided to support Aman Ambulance as we realize the need for more life-saving ambulances in Karachi given the current and steadily growing population of the city.” Aman Foundation CEO Malik Ahmad Jalal stated, “Aman is lucky to have likeminded organizations that have come forward to support our ambulatory network. Through such collaborations, we at Aman gain a lot of hope and strive to work even harder to serve our country better.” PRESS RELEASE

quests for comment. The Middle East’s biggest buyout firm is seeking to reassure banks and investors after allegations that it misused client money – including from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the World Bank – sent shock waves through the ranks of local dealmakers. The company, founded by Arif Naqvi in 2002, is reorganising its structure – with founder Arif Naqvi ceding control of the fund- management unit – and plans to introduce new internal controls. Abraaj is said to be in talks to sell a majority stake in its asset-management unit to Colony NorthStar. The company is selling the division to raise cash amid heightened scrutiny and to help stabilise the business, people said in March. Abraaj’s cash position has been eroded as one of its’ largest-ever exits, the proposed sale of a 66.4 per cent stake in K-Electric, is yet to be completed. The company had agreed to sell the asset to Shanghai Electric Power Co for $1.77 billion in October 2016, but the deal has been held up due

to negotiations over electricity tariffs with the government, according to people aware of the matter. Abraaj has been trying to stem the fallout from a row with four of its investors, including the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the International Finance Corp (IFC), over the use of their money in the fund. Abraaj has hired Deloitte to examine its business, including its troubled $1 billion healthcare fund after investors questioned an earlier review by KPMG of the embattled fund, people familiar with the matter said. A Deloitte team, including specialists in forensic services, is working inside Abraaj’s office to help the healthcare fund review its governance and control mechanisms, the sources said. Although no final decision has been reported yet, the group plans to sell its stake in the school back to shareholders. Abraaj is cutting jobs and halting fresh investments after allegations that it misused funds in a $1 billion healthcare fund. It recently cut about 15 per cent of its total workforce. It is also returning capital to investors in a new global fund. Founder of the group, Arif Naqvi, is reportedly also stepping down after years at the helm as the company reorganizes its structure.

cussing the implementation status of its previous recommendations directed Gas Companies to initiate work on the development schemes for which funds have been released. Meanwhile, the committee expressed satisfaction on the pace of work on the schemes been carried out under the SDGs Programme. The committee while discussing the termination of services of Contractual Sub-Engineers by Gas Distribution Companies and issue of point to point pay fixation of sacked employees later re-in-

stated under Sacked Employees reinstatement Act, 2010, directed Petroleum Division to hold inquiry and submit its findings within three days. The committee also directed Pakistan State Oil (PSO) management to re-assess the opening of PSO Depot in Kohat. The committee was apprised that the depot was closed down in 2008 after a terrorist attack. The committee disposed complaints filed by MNA Siraj Muhammad Khan and MNA Dr Shezra Mansab Ali Khan, on the assurance

coca-cola partners with edhi foundation for ramzan fundraising KARACHI: Following last year’s exceptional response to CocaCola Pakistan’s fund-raising campaign supporting the Edhi Foundation, the company has once again announced their partnership with Pakistan’s leading humanitarian and social welfare services organisation for this Ramazan. The ‘Eidi for Edhi’ campaign aims to inspire the people and evoke values of generosity and kindness for an integrated fundraising drive to be implemented nationwide. Coca-Cola General Manager Pakistan and Afghanistan Rizwan U Khan said, “As a caring corporate citizen, Coca-Cola realised last year that it was our moral responsibility to do whatever we can to support the Foundation at a time when it was facing a decline in its own fundraising efforts.” Without the enlightened leadership of Abdul Sattar Edhi, the Foundation had faced a decline in donations during their first Ramazan after Abdul Sattar Edhi’s demise. As such, Coca-Cola’s ‘Bottle of Change’ campaign became a positive instrument for donations to the Edhi Foundation last year, persuading people to donate even more than before to the Foundation and thus help keep the great work of Edhi alive. Faisal Edhi, the son of late Abdul Sattar Edhi and the present head of the Foundation said, “Coca-Cola’s campaign had triggered an immense momentum last year, helping the Foundation raise considerable funds during Ramazan. The funds were used to extend the Foundation’s charitable work to even more underprivileged people, and based on the success of last year the Foundation was keen to partner with Coca-Cola again this Ramazan.” Coca-Cola will itself match all public donations received up to a cap of Rs25 million. PRESS RELEASE

students denied punjab sales tax exemption on internet services LAHORE: In June last year exemption from Punjab Sales Tax on internet services was withdrawn with exception for students who are availing packages up to Rs1,500 per month. However, internet service providers are forced to deny the benefit of this exemption to students owing to ambiguity in the law and rules related to definition and identification of students. Internet Penetration Initiative (IPI), a CSR project of Amin Associates, has urged Punjab Revenue Authority (PRA) for notification of required rules to remove ambiguity in the law for implementation of the exemption provision. IPI has also appealed to Chief Minister Punjab Mian Shehbaz Sharif to issue directions in this respect or allow exemption to all internet users in Punjab availing packages worth Rs1,500 per month. IPI cites in its support, statistics from the UN showing lowest internet usage by youth in Pakistan as compared to the region. PRESS RELEASE

of the Managing Director for redressal of their complaints, regarding delay and mismanagement on Gas Development Schemes in their respective constituencies. The meeting was attended by National Assembly Members Syed Muhammad Saqlain Shah Bukhari, rana Muhammad Ishaq Khan, Shahjehan Muneer Mangrio, Nawab Muhammad Yusuf Talpur, Shehryar Afridi, and Petroleum Division additional secretary and senior officers of the concerned departments.

market daily: a good effort by the bulls, yet Kse 100 sheds 39.33pts LAHorE: After the brutal bloodbath on Monday, the bulls of the Pakistan Stock Exchange (PSX) made a great effort to pull the index back. The indices carried on weak sentiments from the last session and lost over 1 per cent in the first hour of trading, however, were quick to recover. The KSE 100 index slipped 653.55 points to reach intraday low of 41,845.31 but later jumped up to session’s high of 42,608.08 with a 109.22 point gain. Nevertheless, the index ended little changed at 42,459.53 down 39.33 points. The KMI 30 index made a comeback from 1,374.77 points in the red to end up with 124.50 points in its bag. The KSE All Share Index closed with a loss of 120.32 points. Market participation for the KSE 100 index increased to 111.64 million shares (+14.5 per cent on d/d basis). Major contribution to total market volume came from FCCL (+0.62 per cent), BOP (+3.29 per cent) and PAEL (-1.43 per cent) churning 40.97 million shares out of the All Share volume of 181.1 million shares. Daily traded value for the KSE 100 index shot up to $63.99 million from $51.0 million in the previous session (+25.5 per cent on d/d basis); DGKC ($7.6 million), ENGrO ($5.3 million) and PAEL ($4.0 million) were among top contributors from traded value perspective. Major contribution to the KSE 100 index downside came from NESTLE (-5 per cent), LUCK (-1.68 per cent), and PPL (-1.03 per cent) taking away 135 points. On the flip side, OGDC (+1.24 per cent), SNGP (+3.25 per cent) and POL (+1.06 per cent) added 59 points. The KSE 100 index is 13 per cent above its 52-week low of 37,736.73 reached on December 12, 2017, and 20 per cent below its 52-week high of 53,127.24 touched on May 25, 2017. Honda Atlas Cars (Pakistan) Limited (HCAr -1.43 per cent) announced its financial result for FY18 where earnings clocked at rs 6.49 billion up by 6 per cent YoY as compared to rs 6.14 billion in the same period last year. Sales revenue in grew by 46 per cent YoY while gross profit margin fell by 3.11 per cent YoY. Earnings per share stood at rs 45.48 along with a final cash dividend announcement of rs 22.75. Moreover, Morgan Stanley Capital International (MSCI) announced outcome of its 2018 Semi-Annual review and although there has been no change in the MSCI main index, a total of three companies including IGI Holding Limited (IGIHL -1.69 per cent), National refinery Limited (NrL -3.13 per cent) and Pak Electron Limited (PAEL -1.43 per cent) have been excluded from MSCI small cap. Meanwhile, Oil and Gas Development Company Limited (OGDC +1.24 per cent) maintained its position in the MSCI EM Index in the as a large-cap script and Habib Bank Limited (HBL -0.01 per cent), MCB Bank Limited (MCB +0.50 per cent), United Bank Limited (UBL +0.05 per cent) and Lucky Cement Limited (LUCK -1.68 per cent) in the mid cap script category. STAFF REPORT


CMYK

14 SPORTS

Wednesday, 16 May, 2018

New ItALy COACh MANCINI vOws tO restOre AzzurrI PrIde roMe

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EW Italy coach Roberto Mancini on Tuesday said he wanted to restore pride in the national side six months after their shock failure to qualify for the World Cup. "Not going to the World Cup is difficult for those who, like us, have always been cheering for the national team," Mancini told a press conference at the national training centre at Coverciano, near Florence. "I feel the need to do something for the national team and think it's the right time for me. I want to build something for the years to come and bring Italy back to the top." Italy have been without a permanent coach since Gian Piero Ventura was sacked after the four-time world champions failed to qualify for the World Cup for

the first time since 1958. Former Manchester City and Inter Milan coach Mancini signed a two-year deal on Monday after severing his lucrative contract with Russians Zenit Saint Petersburg. The contract, reportedly worth two million euros ($2.3 million) a year, will see Mancini lead Italy's bid to qualify for Euro 2020. If successful, it will be automatically extended until June 2022, ahead of the World Cup in Qatar. The Italian federation had been looking for a prestigious coach to rebuild an Azzurri side decimated after their playoff defeat to Sweden in the San Siro last November. Mancini will give up a reported 13 million euros in wages over the two remaining years on his Zenit contract to do national service. "Mancini gave up significant financial opportunities to do so. This is testimony to his complete determination and desire to take on this job," said Italian FA

commissioner Roberto Fabbricini. His first match in charge will be a friendly on May 28 against Saudi Arabia in Switzerland. Mancini said there would be "room for everyone" in his squad and that he planned to recall in-form Nice striker Mario Balotelli, whom he coached at Inter and Manchester City. Balotelli has not played for his country since the 2014 World Cup. "Even in difficult times, Italy can boast of having players of great quality. I will certainly also speak with Balotelli," said Mancini. "He's a player that we want to see at the level he had during the Euro (2012 when Italy reached the final)." He also said he would talk to recently retired Italy great Andrea Pirlo about joining his coaching setup. In Mancini, Italy have a coach with a solid track record as a title-winner, with 13 trophies in club football. He led Manchester City to their first English

league title in 44 years in 2012, and won three Serie A crowns with Inter. He also won the Italian Cup with Inter, Fiorentina and Lazio. Since leaving England in 2013, Mancini coached Galatasaray, whom he lead to a Turkish Cup success, and returned to Inter before joining Zenit last June. But this will be his first international coaching job. "I don't know if this will be my most difficult challenge, if you coach a club and you don't win everyone is angry with you, here there are 50 million people. "That's beautiful too, though, because if you win something important there's huge satisfaction. It's not an easy challenge, but nothing is easy." Mancini, a former Lazio and Sampdoria forward, never became a regular during a love-hate relationship with Italy over a 10-year international career that gleaned just four goals in 36 caps.

Australian batsman Cameron Bancroft cleared to play club cricket Melbourne agencieS

Cameron Bancroft has been cleared to play club cricket in Western Australia while serving his ban for ball-tampering in South Africa, as he looks for redemption over a scandal that tarnished his name. The 25-year-old opening batsman was suspended for nine months from state and international cricket over a plot to try and alter the ball with sandpaper during the third Test in Cape Town in March. Then captain Steve Smith and his deputy David Warner were both banned for a year. Under WA Premier Cricket rules, any Cricket Australia suspension is automatically extended to club ranks, unlike in New South Wales state where

Smith and Warner are able to play while serving their bans.

At an extraordinary meeting of the 16 WA Premier Cricket clubs to discuss

the issue on Monday evening, Bancroft was granted special dispensation to turn out for his club side Willetton. “It was strongly debated across a number of areas, but ultimately approved. It’s great news for Cameron,” Western Australia Cricket Association chief executive Christina Matthews said. Bancroft, who has played just eight Tests, begged for forgiveness in the aftermath of the tampering incident, saying it was something he would regret for the rest of his life. As part of his punishment, he must also undertake 100 hours of voluntary service in community cricket. New national coach Justin Langer has indicated he will be welcomed back into the team once his ban is served, if his form justifies selection.

Always wanted to represent a strong Pakistani woman: Maryam Nasim by SulMan ali Maryam Nasim, a Pakistani weightlifter, who despite having a back injury, defied all odds and won a bronze medal in the 63-kilogram category at the recently held Avia Powerlifting competition in Australia. Avia Powerlifting competition, which is approved by International Powerlifting Association and is held under the Australian Association, invites powerlifters of diverse nationalities residing across Australia. Last year, Maryam won a silver medal in the same competition. Maryam, who hails from Peshawar, is a true superwoman, who is a banker by day and a weightlifter by night. Talking to

Pakistan Today, the athlete, who is currently residing in Australia, shared her training regime, love for weightlifting, the reason she started this sport and how she manages her training and bank job simultaneously. WHEN AND WHy DID yOu stARt pOWERLIftINg?: I started powerlifting last year in 2017. I have always promoted a fit and healthy lifestyle and wanted to encourage others to live a healthy lifestyle too. I got into powerlifting because my friends and people in my social network started encouraging me to compete. I looked into it since I always wanted to represent a strong Pakistani Muslim woman. I wanted to show people in the Australian society that Pakistani Muslim women are not just confined to their kitchen only. There’s so much more to our existence and we are also independent. I have always loved lifting. For me, it’s always been a form where I could shut the entire world and zone into something I loved. Powerlifting and exercise, in general, has helped me deal with many issues in my personal life. fROm WHERE DID yOu gEt tHE INspIRAtION?: When I look back I have never been a girly girl. Even as a child I wanted to compete with boys, I was into sports, I never played with dolls. I think I always

wanted to be a strong person not just mentally but also physically. I remember when I was younger, as my mum would take an afternoon nap, I would challenge my cousins to see who would jump from the highest building. I always wanted to be physically stronger. WHERE DID yOu usE tO tRAIN IN pAkIstAN?: When I was in Pakistan, I used to go to Garrison Park regularly for walks or for swimming regularly. My weightlifting journey started in Australia. HOW DO yOu mANAgE yOuR bANkINg AND pOWERLIftINg IN AustRALIA?: It is hard. At times it gets very hard to manage both fulltime and I do get annoyed at myself for having to put myself in this situation. My training session goes on for 3-4 hours and it’s hard to maintain at times, I question things at times but I guess the passion for this sport helps me keep pushing. Especially the preparation for my third competition was extremely difficult. I had many health issues and an injury that made the entire process very tiring and exhausting. I can’t thank Allah enough for helping me throughout this process, though. WHAt Is yOuR tRAININg REgImE?: I train 5 days a week and my sessions are 3-4-hour long. HOW DO yOu sEE futuRE Of pOWERLIftINg IN pAkIstAN, EspEcIALLy fOR gIRLs?: I think the trend has started in Pakistan and I cannot wait to see what the future holds. Inshallah, one day I am hoping to have my own athletes and would love to coach them and take them overseas to compete in different competitions. WHAt ARE yOuR futuRE pLANs?: My future plans keep on changing. But for now, I would love to compete as much as I can in local competitions so I get more exposure and I learn from others and represent Pakistan in the worlds one day, Inshallah.

CMYK

He reached the semi-finals of Euro 1988 and was in the squad that finished third in the 1990 World Cup on home soil.

Amir Khan reaches Lahore for Punjab Open Boxing Championship

LAHORE: British-Pakistani boxer Amir Khan reached Lahore on Tuesday to take part in the closing ceremony of InterDivision Punjab Open Boxing Championship. Khan along with his wife, Faryal Makhdoom, will be the chief guests of the ceremony where they will be handing out the prizes to winners. Addressing the media at National Hockey Stadium on Friday, the Punjab sports board chairman Jahangir Khanzada announced that Amir Khan would attend the closing ceremony which would be a huge confidence booster for the young boxers. Khanzada and director of sports Anees Sheikh received Amir Khan at the airport. The closing will be held on Tuesday at Nishtar Park Sports Complex Gymnasium Hall. Earlier, while talking to media in London, Khan said that Pakistan is a haven for investors and he will establish several boxing academies in Gwadar and other cities of the country. Staff RepoRt

Plan for women’s IPL in pipeline NEW DELHI: India aims to launch a women’s edition of the popular Indian Premier League cricket tournament in the next three years, a top official said Tuesday. As part of the build-up, top international women players will take part in a T20 exhibition game at Mumbai’s Wankhede Stadium later this month. “We are planning to get a women’s IPL in place in two to three years,” Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) administrator Vinod Rai told AFP. No firm details of the new league have yet been revealed, but pressure for a women’s IPL has been building since India reached the final of the women’s World Cup in England last year. Women cricketers from Australia, England and South Africa will play an Indian team under IPL rules in the May 22 game in Mumbai. “The match to be played between a BCCI XI and IPL XI will take place ahead of the first (men’s IPL) playoff at the Wankhede Stadium,” said Rai. The Mithali Raj-led India lost to England in the World Cup final last year and received a rapturous welcome on their return. The ratings success of the World Cup prompted the International Cricket Council to promise a greater role for women’s cricket. agencieS


CMYK

SPORTS 15

Wednesday, 16 May, 2018

AfghAN CAPtAIN hOPes tO wIN fIrst test fOr NAtION GreaTer noiDa

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FGHANISTAN’S cricketers hope to lift a nation pounded by decades of conflict when they proudly take their place as only the 12th Test nation next month. The match from June 14 against India in Bangalore will cap one of the great sporting fairy tales after players from the war-torn nation rose from refugee camps to join cricket’s elite. As militant attacks regularly shake their homeland, captain Asghar Stanikzai said his team are suffering too — but are also motivated to give the country something to cheer. “It is very difficult. We get very sad when we hear about attacks in our country,” Stanikzai told AFP at the team’s training base near Delhi. “But we don’t lose our morale, we will try even more to win because the whole nation will be waiting for us to win, the whole nation will be very happy when we win.” Stanikzai, 30, added with a smile: “Our wins give energy to the Afghan nation. We will try to change their sorrow to happiness.” Afghanistan secured their prestigious Test status last year along with Ireland, who are playing their debut five-day match against Pakistan in

Dublin. Since gaining ODI status in 2009 the Afghans have made giant strides, reaching the 50-over World Cup for the first time in 2015. It was no flash in the pan: Afghanistan also qualified for next year’s World Cup by topping the 10team qualifying tournament in Zimbabwe, beating West Indies in the final. After a generation of Afghans learned cricket in refugee camps in Pakistan, the game has quickly taken hold, and domestic competitions include a popular T20 tournament which began in 2013.

Afghan cricketers are also becoming world-beaters, with prolific teenage spinner Rashid Khan now one of the sport’s hottest properties. In March, the 19-year-old became the fastest bowler to reach 100 one-day international wickets, and he is currently the world’s topranked bowler in T20 internationals. Khan, one of a handful of Afghan players in this year’s Indian Premier League (IPL), has been one of the competition’s best bowlers with 13 wickets after Sunrisers Hyderabad snapped him up for $1.41 million. But Stanikzai said

that as well as Khan and Mujeebur Rahman, who is also impressing in the IPL, Afghanistan has even more talented spinners waiting to emerge. “Rashid and Mujeeb have been performing really well and it is a proud moment for us. But we also have better spinners in Afghanistan,” said Stanikzai. “We have a lot of good spinners in Afghanistan, like Qais Ahmad and other spinners who will do better than Rashid.” Some sheen has been taken off Afghanistan’s five-day debut as India’s regular captain Virat Kohli is skipping the occasion to play county cricket for Surrey. Critics have questioned Kohli’s move, but Stanikzai insists Afghanistan are not focused on any one player. “All Indian players are good and everyone is (a similar standard to) Virat Kohli. I believe we are playing with Team India and not with Virat Kohli,” said Stanikzai. Even without Kohli, Afghanistan seems unlikely to trouble the world’s number one Test side but Stanikzai says the conditions will suit his team. “Indian conditions are good for spin and we are lucky to have good spinners,” said Stanikzai. “Our batsmen are in good form. In the last three or four years our team combination is good. We will try and play good and positive cricket. Winning and losing does not matter.”

Premier League winners City soak up fans’ adulation in victory parade ManCHeSTer agencieS

shashank Manohar re-elected as ICC chairman

An estimated 100,000 Manchester City supporter filled the sun-kissed streets of the city to hail their team as they paraded the English Premier League trophy on Monday. The victorious squad and manager Pep Guardiola were driven through the streets in an open-top bus to celebrate a historic season filled with record-breaking achievements. Only record goalscorer, Argentinian Sergio Aguero, who is undergoing treatment back home on a knee injury to try and get fit for the World Cup finals, and Spanish forward David Silva — with his young child in Spain — were absent. City won the title in record-setting style, becoming the first top-flight English side to reach 100 points, setting a new scoring mark of 106 goals and taking city rivals Manchester United’s record points-winning margin off them by winning the title by 19 points — with United in second. Belgian Kevin de Bruyne, arguably City’s star player of the campaign, was taken aback by the enthusiasm of the thousands of flag-waving fans. “Seeing all the people who want to join us and have a party is amazing,” he told Sky Sports. “This season has been unbelievable and to finish it off yesterday in the last second to get the 100 points is unbelievable. “Everything you win is

special but these are the moments you do it for,” added the 26-year-old midfielder. The parade ended with the squad being greeted on a stage. Manager Guardiola said now was not the time for looking ahead to see if they could improve their league performance next term. “Now is the time to enjoy what we’ve done this season,” he said. “It’s not the time to talk of next season. “This summer we’ll watch the World Cup on the sofa — we’ll have some good beer, good red wine and enjoy what we have done. “Then we’ll try to come back stronger than this season,” added the 47-year-old Spaniard.

NeyMAr NAMed IN BrAzIL’s 23MAN wOrLd CuP squAd rio De Janeiro agencieS

Striker Neymar, who hasn’t played a game since breaking his foot in February, was named Monday as the star of the Brazilian national team which will seek a record sixth World Cup out in Russia. Coach Tite announced the team list at a press conference in Rio de Janeiro. Neymar’s returning form will be a key factor for the team, which lost influential right-back Dani Alves to a knee injury last week. Tite’s 23-man squad, which was without major surprises, sees Alves replaced by Danilo (Manchester City) and Fagner, whom Tite knows from his time at the helm of Corinthians’ 2015 national championship-winning team. Fagner is currently carrying an injury of his own but has been cleared by team doctor Rodrigo Lasmar to play in Russia. After sweeping aside South American opponents in the World Cup qualifiers, Brazil are seen as one of the favourites at the World Cup. Their campaign begins against Switzerland on June 17. bRAZIL sQuAD: Goalkeepers: Alisson (Roma/ITA), Cassio (Corinthians/BRA), Ederson (Man City/ENG), Defenders: Danilo (Man City/ENG), Fagner (Corinthians), Marcelo (Real Madrid/ESP), Filipe Luis (Atletico Madrid/ESP), Miranda (Inter Milan/ITA), Marquinhos (PSG/FRA), Thiago Silva (PSG/FRA), Geromel (Gremio) Midfielders: Casemiro (Real Madrid/ESP), Fernandinho (Man City/ENG), Paulinho (Barcelona/ESP), Renato Augusto (Beijing Guoan/CHN), Fred (Shakhtar Donestk/UKR), Philippe Coutinho (Barcelona/ESP), Willian (Chelsea/ENG) Forwards: Neymar (PSG/FRA), Gabriel Jesus (Manchester City/ENG), Roberto Firmino (Liverpool/ENG), Douglas Costa (Juventus/ITA), Taison (Shakhtar Donestk/UKR)

Dubai agencieS

Shashank Manohar will serve a second term as the independent Chairman of the International Cricket Council (ICC) after he was the sole nominee put forward by the ICC Board. According to Mr Manohar, who became the first independent ICC Chairman in 2016, will continue for a second two-year term following his unopposed election. During the last two years, Mr Manohar has led significant reform of the sport, reversing the resolutions of 2014, introducing a revised governance structure, including the appointment of the ICC’s first independent female Director and the development of international cricket structures that bring context to the global game and provide more opportunities for more Members to compete. Commenting on his re-appointment Mr Manohar said: “It is an honour to be reelected as the Chairman of the International Cricket Council and I would like to thank my fellow ICC Directors for their continued support. Together we have made big strides over the last two years, fulfilling promises I made to the sport when I was appointed in 2016. “Over the next two years we can look forward to launching a global strategy for the sport in partnership with our Members so we can grow the game and ensure more of the world can enjoy cricket. The sport is in good health but we are the guardians of the game and we must continue to work hard to maintain that.”

Pakistan’s victory in Ireland: much to cheer and a lot to worry by K K SHaHiD There ofcourse is much cause for joy for Pakistan following Tuesday’s win over Ireland, in what was the first ever Test match for the hosts. There is the fact that it was Sarfraz Ahmed’s first ever Test win, since taking over from Misbah-ulHaq. The team seems to have unearthed two all-rounders in Faheem Ashraf and Shadab Khan. And the fact that Imam-ulHaq played the match-winning innings to help Pakistan address the omnipresent opening concerns, and indeed the backlash over his selection. But on the flipside, there is also the reality that if Pakistan were chasing another 30-40 runs, on the final day, we could just as easily be talking about a historic win for Ireland. Winning is always winning, but when the margin of triumph is so fine, against a side making its debut in the toughest format of the game, there is a lot to worry about as well. This is notwithstanding the fact that the Irish side collectively had more firstclass experience than the Pakistani side. This post-MisYou Pakistan is, and will remain for a while, a work in progress. But whether or not the win over Ireland counts as progress would become clearer

when Pakistan take on England in the two-Test series. As things stand though, considering that Pakistan’s last Test assignment was a whitewash against Sri Lanka at home, this away win statistically definitely constitutes progress. But the overall performance of the side was a bit of a mixed bag at best. The 118 run partnership between Faheem (83) and Shadab (55) in the first innings, eventually turned out to be decisive, along with the Inam-ul-Haq Babar Azam 126 run stand in the fourth innings. What is promising for Pakistan is that these two pairs, feature two batsmen who were debuting, one playing

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his second match and Babar Azam in desperate need of a Test score. Barring Asad Shafiq’s 62 in the first innings, none of the three main batsmen for Pakistan – Azhar, Asad and Sarfraz – contributed anything in the other five innings put together. That would absolutely need to change for Pakistan to have any chance against England. As far as the bowling was concerned, Mohammed Abbas with nine wickets in the match was comfortably the pick of the bowlers, and should be leading the line against England as well. While Mohammed Amir got five wickets in the match – with another couple of drops off

him – he too will be critical against England, but there are signs that he mightn’t be playing too much Test cricket in the long run. Playing Shadab and Faheem meant that Pakistan had five bowlers and eight batsmen on paper, but it’s still too premature to dub either an all-rounder, despite the evident positive signs. While Shadab did take 10 wickets against Northamptonshire in the warm-up, his struggle in the second Ireland innings – when he should’ve been more effective – shows he has a lot to learn in the longest format. Faheem too struggled to make a mark with the ball in the match. It is likely that Pakistan might go with the same combination against England, but they absolutely cannot put the burden of undoing the English side on the younger lot. Azhar would have to find form, with Asad and Sarfraz contributing a lot more with the bat as well. While the England away series is a tough prospect for any of the established sides as well, what the Pakistani youngsters have ahead of them is a wonderful opportunity: do great and become instant heroes in the original form of the game. But it is in more established Azhar and Asad duo that Pakistan seek replacements for MisYou.


Wednesday, 16 May, 2018

NEWS

Rao TehSeen ComeS baCK aS RadIo PaKISTan dG

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NEWS DESK

rime minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi has appointed rao Tehseen Ali Khan as the director general (DG) of radio Pakistan, media reports stated on Tuesday. Tehseen, a grade 21 officer, was dismissed after an inquiry was launched into a news report by Dawn newspaper, aka Dawn Leaks, published in October 2016 that exposed tensions between the civil and military leadership. The news report ‘Act against militants or face international isolation, civilians tell military’ had aggravated

the tensions between the civil-mil relations, with the army’s spokesperson snubbing a government notification pertaining to the inquiry of the leaked report. in November, a 7-member committee was formed to probe into the matter which was headed by Justice (r) Aamir raza Khan. An inquiry report was presented to then interior minister Chaudry Nisar that held Pervez rashid, rao Tehsin and Tariq Fatemi responsible for the leaks. “rao Tehsin Ali, Principal information Officer (PiO) of the ministry of information, shall be proceeded against under e&D (efficiency and Discipline) rules 1973 on the charges based on findings in the instant re-

port”, read the order signed by Pm’s Principal Secretary Fawad Hasan Fawad after the publication of the report. The media reports stated that Tehseen’s restoration orders were issued by the Prime minister’s Principal Secretary Fawad on the directives of Pm Abbasi. However, the establishment Division, on the other hand, maintained the permission of the federal cabinet was necessary for Tehseen’s appointment. This has given rise to speculations as the situation between the civ-mil is at a new low following Nawaz Sharif’s comments on mumbai attacks. The acting information secretary, Shafqat Jaleel, reportedly deemed ignorance of

MEDIA REPORTS CLAIM ESTABLISHMENT DIVISION REFUSES TO COMPLY WITH DIRECTIVES the matter, while the federal `information secretary is out of the country. However, another media report claimed that the information secretary has refused to comply with the directives. Giving a clarification, the Prime minister’s Office said that the directives were related to Tehseen’s posting, not an appointment. it further added that the higher officials of the bureaucracy were incorrectly interlinking the Cabinet’s permission with the implementation of the orders. “The prime minister has absolute authority over the posting of every federal officer and the establishment Division is accountable to execute written orders by him,” the Pm Office added.

Indian snipers kill Kashmiri man across LoC ISLAMABAD: A man was killed in crossborder firing by indian snipers in Azad Jammu and Kashmir’s (AJK) Poonch district along the Line of Control (LoC) on Tuesday. Police sources said that the victim was trimming a tree in the courtyard of his house in Dara Sher Khan village of Battal sector when a bullet hit the 55year-old victim in the head, and he fell off the tree. The victim’s family rushed him to a health facility in Tatta Pani — located 7 kilometres ahead of Dara Sher Khan — where the doctors pronounced him dead on arrival. The deceased was identified as muzaffar Chaudhry alias mangu. The heavily militarised LoC has been frequently witnessing ceasefire violations particularly after September 2016, in a serious breach of a truce agreement signed by two armies in November 2003. Apart from heavy mortar shelling, indian troops have resorted to the deliberate targeting of civilians with small arms while they are doing daily chores in vulnerable areas along the LoC in AJK. STAFF REPORT

Senate passes bill to prevent human trafficking

BETHLEHEM: Palestinians clash with Israeli troops following a protest against the US decision to relocate it’s embassy in Israel to Jerusalem, in the West Bank city of Bethlehem. AGENCIES

Court allows recording of Sharifs’ statements in Avenfield case WAJID ZIA RECORDS STATEMENT IN AL AZIZIA CASE ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

An accountability court in islamabad on Tuesday turned down objection of the Sharif family’s lawyer on recording the statement of the accused in the Avenfield properties reference. During the hearing, Judge muhammad Bashir ruled that the statement of former premier Nawaz Sharif and members of his family named in the case could be recorded after testimonies of the prosecution witnesses. Khawaja Harris, the

counsel for Sharif, objected that the statement of the accused should not be recorded at this point in time. NAB prosecutor Sardar muzaffar, however, insisted that as per law the statements of the accused are recorded after testimonies of prosecution witnesses. He said the defence side’s objection with regard to the statement of the Sharif family is invalid. meanwhile, star prosecution witness Wajid Zia, who headed the Panama Joint investigation Team (JiT), completed his statement before the court. The defence lawyer will cross-examine him from Wednesday. At the previous hearing, he could not complete his testimony. On monday, Zia told the accountability court hearing the Al Azizia Steel mills reference that all the documents submitted by the Sharif family for the Avenfield apartments reference, including docu-

ments of funds for all other businesses, were forged. Zia had informed the court that the Sharif siblings — Hassan Nawaz, Hussain Nawaz and maryam Nawaz — submitted forged documents during the interrogation and added that the amount obtained from the Gulf Steel mill was never sent to Jeddah, Qatar or Britain. While recording his statement, he had said that Hussain Nawaz, in his statement to the JiT, stated that the machinery of Gulf Steel mills in the United Arab emirates (UAe) was shifted to Jeddah in 50-60 trucks and that the same machinery was installed in Al-Azizia Steel mills. The JiT had written a letter to the concerned UAe authorities to confirm the Sharif family’s claims pertaining to the selling of the Gulf Steel mill, he said, adding that UAe termed the selling of 25 per cent of Gulf Steel mills shares erroneous.

ISLAMABAD: The Senate on Tuesday unanimously passed the Prevention of Trafficking in Persons Bill aimed at taking effective measures to combat and prevent human trafficking. The bill was moved by State minister for interior Talal Chaudhry. The house rejected amendments put forward by PPP Senator mustafa Nawaz Khokhar after 10 votes were cast in favour of the amendments and 19 cast against them. The bill aims to provide effective measures to prevent and combat trafficking of women and children especially; to promote and facilitate national and international cooperation in this regard; to protect the trafficking victims and to provide for matters connected therewith or ancillary thereto. The statement of objects and reasons says that the object of this act is to target the criminals who exploit desperate people and to protect and assist victims of trafficking, many of whom endure unimaginable hardships in their bid for a better life. in pursuance of this aim, the act addresses three specific areas: (a) the prevention and combating of trafficking in persons in Pakistan; (b) the protection and assistance of victims of such trafficking; and (c) the promotion and facilitation of national and international cooperation in this respect. While trafficking in persons may involve men and women of any age, the specific reference to ‘women and children’ highlights the fact that women and children are especially vulnerable to trafficking. The bill seeks to achieve the aforesaid objective. APP

Haq, Babar’s fifties steer Pakistan to five-wicket win against Ireland DUBLIN AgEnciES

Pakistan denied ireland the dream debut victory by chasing down the 160-run target with the loss of five wickets in their one-off Test against the hosts at malahide on Tuesday. A top-notch 74 run knock of opener imamul Haq off 121 balls and middle-order batsman Babar Azam’s 59 runs innings sealed win for the Sarfarazled visiting side. Fast bowler Tim murtagh took two wickets, while Boyd rankin and Stuart Thompson shared a wicket each. ireland, made to follow on, scented a dramatic victory in their debut men’s Test as they reduced Pakistan to 14 for three inside five overs. But imam-ul-Haq, like the whole ireland team also making his Test debut, led a Pakistan recovery although the

match was still very much in the balance. At the start of play, Kevin O’Brien’s innings came to an end on the first ball of the day. Haris Sohail took the catch at slip after mohammad Abbas found the edge as O’Brien was dismissed without adding anything to his overnight score of 118. Abbas in just his sixth Test match took Boyd rankin and Tyrone Kane’s wicket next, completing a five-wicket haul. ireland, making their debut in men’s Test cricket, were bowled out for 339 in their second innings after being made to follow-on. Fourth-DAy InnIngS ireland started the day on their highly creditable overnight 64 without loss. But they lost four wickets in monday’s first session, with left-arm quick mohammad Amir — who had both openers dropped during a brief spell on Sunday be-

fore going off with a knee problem — enjoying a burst of two wickets for no runs in six balls. it was a heartening sign for Pakistan ahead of their upcoming two-Test series in england that will feature back-toback fixtures at Lord’s (may 24-28) and Headingley (June 1-5). Amir, however, repeatedly limped around the field on monday when he was not bowling. ireland resumed with veteran opener ed Joyce, arguably their greatest batsman of all time, 39 not out and captain William Porterfield unbeaten on 23. At that stage they were still 116 runs behind. The last thing ireland needed was to gift Pakistan a wicket via a runout and yet that is exactly how an opening stand eventually worth 69 runs ended when Joyce set off for a needlessly tight single before failing to beat Faheem Ashraf’s direct hit from midwicket.

Published by Arif Nizami at Plot No 79, Sector 24, Korangi Industrial Area Karachi. Ph: 021-35381208-9. Email: newsroom@pakistantoday.com.pk

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