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Saturday, 14 April, 2018 I rajab-ul-Murajjab 27, 1439 I rs 20.00 I vol vIII No 286 I 20 Pages I Lahore edition

Out fOr life g


FIve-Judge SC BeNCh IMPOSeS LIFetIMe BAN ON POLItICIANS dISquALIFIed uNder ArtICLe 62; NAwAz ShArIF hIt the wOrSt

My existence is the sole target

JuStICe AzMAt SAeed SAyS COurt eMPOwered tO INterPret CONStItutION, NOt tO AMeNd It


related stories

Constitutional amendment can override lifetime ban on politicians, lawyers say

Neelum-Jhelum project is symbol of Pak-China bond: PM Abbasi


Nawaz Sharif will live on in hearts, says PML-N leaders

STORY ON PAGE 04 Female supporters of ruling PML-N protest against the lifetime disqualification of their Quaid for Life, Nawaz Sharif, outside the Supreme Court in Islamabad on Friday.


Opp parties endorse SC’s lifetime ban verdict ON PAGE 03

Insult to injury: NAB summons Nawaz Sharif on 21st ON PAGE 02

Senate passes bill extending SC, PHC’s jurisdiction to FATA g


Punjab govt capitulates to ‘wanted’ cleric’s demands


CJP Nisar says won’t stop taking suo motu notices STORY ON PAGE 02


Saturday, 14 April, 2018

out for lIfe! Five-Judge sC benCh imposes liFetime bAn on politiCiAns disquAliFied under ArtiCle 62; nAwAz shAriF hit the worst deposed pm sAys his ‘existenCe wAs the sole tArget’, JAhAngir tAreen sAys verdiCt ‘not AppliCAble’ to him JustiCe AzmAt sAeed sAys Court empowered to interpret Constitution, not to Amend it ISLAMABAD



EPOSEd prime minister Nawaz Sharif’s worst fears came to life on Friday when the Supreme Court of Pakistan, in an historic verdict, ruled that disqualification from public office under Article 62(1)(f) of the constitution is for life. The Article 62(1)(f) of the constitution sets the precondition for a member of parliament to be sadiq and ameen (honest and righteous) and it is the same provision under which Nawaz Sharif and opposition leader Jahangir Tareen were disqualified by the top court on July 28 and dec 7, 2017, respectively. The five-judge bench headed by Chief Justice of Pakistan Mian Saqib Nisar and comprising Justice Sheikh Azmat Saeed, Justice Umar Ata Bandial, Justice Ijazul Ahsan, and Justice Sajjad Ali Shah was unanimous in its decision. Reading out the verdict, Justice Umar Ata Bandiyal said: “The absence of a time limit for the ineligibility of a candidate for election in the Article 62(1)(f) is the basis for holding his incapacity to be incurable by efflux of time, the reasons recorded in our judgment reinforce that conclusion.” The written order issued by the bench states that articles 63(1)(a) and 63(1)(b) allow disqualifications on account of a judicial declaration. The verdict further stated that the disqualification of any member of parliament or a public servant under the Article

62 (1)(f) in the future will be permanent. Such a person cannot contest elections or become a member of parliament. Both Sharif and Tareen have become ineligible to ever hold public office as in the words of the chief justice “the public deserves leader of good characters”. NaWaZ WaS eXPeCTING VerDICT: Reacting to the verdict, Nawaz said he was not blindsided by the ‘vindictive’ judgement as “his existence was the sole target”. “Masses cannot be deprived of their leadership through courts, obstacles were there in the past as well, PML-N successfully overcame those and will keep struggling with the same spirit,” Nawaz went on to add. He called upon his supporters to observe patience and wait for his call, adding that such decisions cannot waiver PML-N’s mission of serving the people. Meanwhile, Jahangir Tareen said he always knew that disqualification under 62 (1)(f) would be for life, but it was “not applicable in my case”. “Full money trail provided of tax paid Income, property declared in assets of children and not mine on advice of tax consultant. This was the only issue. My review is still pending and IA justice will prevail,” the former secretary general of the PTI said. 'IroNIC ThaT laWMaKerS NeVer MaDe aMeNDMeNTS To arTICle 62 (1)(f)': In his 60-page long additional note, Justice Azmat Saeed Sheikh said that the court is empowered to interpret the constitution but not to amend

it.“It is an equally elemental principle of interpretation of the constitution that nothing can be added thereto, therefore, we (SC) cannot read into Article 62(1)(f) of the constitution, a period of such lack of qualification, which is not mentioned therein,” he said. Justice Sheikh said that some of the counsels expressed concern over lifetime disqualification and worry that this may be disproportionate and a little harsh. “Such arguments are perhaps more suitable to the floor of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) than at the bar before this court. We, as stated above, can only interpret the constitution not amend or change it,” said Justice Sheikh. “This aspect of the matter is rather ironic as several persons before us were or had been the members of Parliament at some point of time and may have passed the amendments, which now stand in their way.” It is pertinent to mention here that the CJP, at an earlier hearing, had also pointed out that all political parties decided to keep Article 62(1)(f) intact when the 18th Amendment was made to the Constitution. “None of the learned counsels, who appeared before the court confronted the elephant in the room— the obvious interpretation of Article 62(1)(f) is that lack of the qualification to a member is an effect of the declaration by a court of law,” the judge said. He went on to add that Attorney General Ashtar Ausaf Ali addressed the court and in no uncertain terms stated that once declaration has been made by a court that a person is not ‘sagacious or righteous’ or non-profligate or honest and ameen, such a person is not qualified to be a parliamentarian. “This lack of qualification is the effect of the aforesaid declaration, which is the cause and as long as the declaration by the court holds the field, the person in respect of whom such declaration has been made will continue to be deprived of the qualifications to be a member of the parliament,” Justice Sheikh stated. “The stand taken by the learned attorney general for Pakistan is not only fair but is also in accordance with the obvious and self-evident intent of Article 62(1)(f) of the Constitution. Incidentally, this Court on more than one occasions has already held that lack of qualification suffered under Article 62(1)(f) of the Constitution is in perpetuity.” The five-member bench further ob-

Insult to Injury: nAB summons nAwAz shArIf on 21st DEPOSED PM SUMMONED OVER ALLEGED ABUSE OF POWER IN CONSTRUCTION OF JATI UMRA ROAD lahore: The National Accountability Bureau (NAB) sent summons to Nawaz Sharif on Friday over the construction of a road leading to the Jati Umra residence of the Sharif family. According to a summons served to the ex-premier, the Lahore office of NAB took notice of his alleged abuse of power as the chief executive of the country, just a few hours after the top court rolled out a lifetime disqualification order against him in terms of holding public office. Earlier in the day, both Sharif and PTI’s Jahangir Tareen became ineligible to ever hold public office when the Supreme Court (SC) ruled that disqualification under Article 62(1)(f) of the Constitution is for life. Nawaz Sharif has been asked to appear before the ‘combined investigation team’ of NAB on April 21, said a notification issued by NAB. The Lahore NAB alleged that Nawaz in connivance with his younger brother Punjab CM Shehbaz Sharif, constructed the Jati Umra road by abusing powers as the premier back in 1998. The notification also mentioned that the width of the road was increased from 20ft to 24ft which resulted in cost escalation of the project in the alleged ‘personal benefit’. It also claimed that the district council Lahore had to drop various other projects of the public welfare at the cost of Nawaz Sharif’s ‘illegal’ directives. According to NAB’s investigation, Nawaz being the then chief executive of the country had used his ‘undue influence’ on local administration for his ‘personal’ project. STAFF REPORT served that such a restriction is fair in a democratic setup. At the last hearing, Ashtar Ausaf had told the bench that it was not the function of courts to say that the disqualification under Article 62(1)(f) of the Constitution was for life or to give any timeline. The question should be best left for parliament to decide, he had argued. The AG had also emphasised that the provision did not determine the length of disqualification, adding that the court would have to look into the matter on a case-to-case basis. PreJUDICe IN ProCeeDINGS: Tareen had appeared for the court's proceedings; however, Nawaz Sharif had told the top court that he will not be party in the proceedings of a case. The former premier had said that one of "far-reaching consequences relating to the body politic of the country" has been taken up by the court on the "motion of many other aggrieved parties". He had added that his participation in the case may bring "prejudice" to the proceedings. Nawaz had said that if he had decided to participate in the proceedings, he would have asked Justice Saeed and Justice Ahsan to recuse themselves as they had [al-

ready] served on the bench that disqualified him in the Panama Papers case. It is pertinent to mention that four of the judges hearing the case, excluding Justice Shah, have given either observations or judgements in the Panama Papers case. The SC had also issued a public notice asking anyone who will potentially be affected in the case to approach the apex court to be heard otherwise ex-parte proceedings would take place. On February 14, the apex court had reserved its decision in the case while hearing several petitions seeking to determine the time-period a lawmaker would remain disqualified for after being deseated in violation of Article 62(1)(f) and other election laws. during the hearing, the court had observed that the disqualification will continue for as long as the declaration [signed by electoral candidates declaring them honest] holds, adding that the 18th Amendment, passed in 2010, did not determine a time period for disqualification. At an earlier hearing on February 8, the chief justice had also acknowledged the ambiguity of Article 62(1)(f) of the Constitution.

Constitutional amendment can override highs and lows of nawaz’s career lifetime ban on politicians: lawyers ISLAMABAD SHAH NAWAZ MOHAL

CjP nisar says won’t stop taking suo motu notices ISlaMabaD: Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Mian Saqib Nisar on Friday vowed to continue taking suo motu notices over matters of public interest, rubbishing criticism over the frequency of his notices saying that no work was done in the country until he took notice of the issue. “No work is done unless I take suo motu notice,” he said while hearing a case. He added that he takes notices for the sake of public welfare. The CJP reiterated that he took suo motu notices over the issues involving violation of basic human rights such as the provision of clean water, education and healthcare facilities. The chief justice said he ensured the return of Rs10 million to students of a private college by taking a suo motu notice. He said that protests were held against him, but he will continue working for the welfare of people. The chief justice had earlier said that he failed to comprehend why judges take four years to decide civil cases. “I acknowledge that we don’t have the right to amend the obsolete laws of British rule,” he said, asked the judges to dispense fair justice using the laws in hand. He said they knew that they didn’t have required resources and neither was the government extending cooperation as such. Earlier in the year, CJP stated that is incumbent on the judiciary to protect the basic rights of people and emphasised on the provision of affordable and expeditious access to justice to those seeking the same through courts. CJP reaffirmed his commitment to the principles of freedom and justice and said that members of bar and bench need to be equally cognizant of their responsibilities towards the marginalised sections of the society. STAFF REPORT

The much-awaited decision of Chief Justice Mian Saqib Nisarled five-judge Supreme Court Bench deciding the duration of disqualification under Article 62(1) (f) of Constitution of Pakistan has left many senior members of legal fraternity confounded as they question the nature of ‘perpetual and forever disqualification’. Pakistan Today contacted senior lawyers, jurists and constitutional experts of Pakistan to ask them to weigh in on what is considered as the final blow to the House of Sharif from the higher judiciary. Eminent jurist, expert of constitutional law and senior advocate of Supreme Court, SM Zafar was of the view that when parliament leaves a void or leave things ambiguous, the apex court has to step in to ensure clarity and implement the law of the land. “However, let me be very clear that this void was consciously left by the parliament. It should have been decided in unequivocal terms. Mistakes of the past have come to haunt politicians in the present,” he said. Zafar was of the view that Article 62(1)(f) was brainchild of General Ziaul Haq who inserted it through LFO. ‘What parliament missed, SC made clear and decided that disqualification will be permanent. Now the ball is once again in the parliament’s court. They can make a constitutional amendment and bring the constitution back to its original shape and

form,’ he concluded. Notable criminal lawyer and Member Pakistan Bar Council, Advocate Azam Nazeer Tarar said that the SC is talking about a declaration made by a court mandatory for disqualification. “How is it possible? Once you close a transaction and you say it is past and close transaction, you can’t reopen it. I am baffled. The best way out would have been to say that we’ve pondered upon the matter and believe that it is not the Supreme Court who can fix the tenure of disqualification and then refer the matter to parliament for amendment, ratification,’ Tarar said. Tarar feared that the route SC has taken will make this judgment the most controversial judgment of the decade. Advocate Supreme Court Chaudhry Faisal was of the view that Supreme Court is empowered to enter into the realm of interpretation of the Constitution. “Supreme Court has interpreted the constitution today and has supplied the much-needed clarity. They’ve interpreted a principle. It is a good decision and I don’t see it going any other way,” Chaudhry said. Chaudhry was of the opinion that permanent disqualification is a phenomenon world over. When asked about the Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz (PML-N) narrative that since military coups are not feasible and the era of ‘judicial coups’ is upon Pakistan, Chaudhry said that had it been a judicial coup, Nawaz Sharif would have been in Adiala.

When asked what option parliament has, Chaudhry said that they can amend the Constitution and their judgement will be binding on all institutions. “We first need to understand the philosophy behind the disqualification law. In any law, anywhere in the world, there is no such thing as a permanent and perpetual disqualification in any facet, even in criminal. Permanent disqualification of a human being, for a human activity is nowhere applicable in the world. The rationale behind this can be found in the theories of correction and reforms, both in western and Islamic jurisprudence. No person can be condemned forever,” said Advocate Majid Bashir. Bashir was of the view that the best scenario would have been for the parliament to decide upon the matter and fix a particular time and duration till when disqualification remained in force. "But again, since the parliamentarians are not interested in making reforms, someone had to step up and take charge. They are interested in their perks, privileges and salaries. If only they had shown a fraction of interest in legislation, they won’t have to see the present day,” Bashir said. Ironically, the verdict was announced on Friday the 13 April and had all the trappings that confirm age old superstitions as Nawaz Sharif, Jahangir Khan Tareen, Abdul Ghafoor Lehri, Chaudhry Attaur Rehman, Maulvi Muhammad Hanif among other politicians who were disqualified.


NEWS DESK The Supreme Court (SC) has disqualified Nawaz Sharif for life. Here is a brief history of his political career. 1976: Sharif joins Punjab based Pakistan Muslim League. 1980: Becomes the Finance Minister of Punjab. 1981: Joins the Punjab Advisory Board and rises to political prominence under the tutelage of General Zia-ul-Haq. 1985: Becomes the Chief Minister of Punjab. 1988: Pakistan Muslim League splits in two – Sharif leads the Fida group against the Junejo group. The former assumes the name of PML. 1990: Becomes the 12th prime minister of Pakistan on November 1 and launches a privatisation drive. 1992: Operation ‘Clean-up’ launched in Karachi. 1993: Resigns for the post and admits defeat in the following elections. 1994-1995: “Train March” launched in partnership with Murtaza Bhutto. 1997: Becomes prime minster for the second time. 1998: Sharif’s government orders nuclear tests in Chaghai. 1999: Appoints General Pervez Musharraf. oCTober 12, 1999: Sharif orders dismissal of Musharraf who deposes the PM from power. Nawaz goes into exile in Saudi Arabia after the military court sentenced him for life in prison over hijacking charges. 2000-2007: Remains in exile. NoVeMber 2007: Returns to Pakistan a second time, having been turned back the previous time. 2008: PML-N wins 67 seats, second only to Pakistan People’s Party (PPP); a coalition government in formed. aUGUST 2008: Sharif abandons coalition over the issue of reinstatement of judges dismissed by Musharraf. 2009: SC allows Sharif to hold public office after clearing him for hijacking charges. JUNe 7, 2013: Sharif is sworn in as prime minister after the elections. 2014: Announces decision to retain office as Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Chairman Imran Khan launches widespread protests. 2015: The Panama Papers are released, documenting Sharif and his children’s foreign companies and properties. JUly 28, 2017: SC disqualifies Sharif from holding public office. aPrIl 13, 2018: Sharif is permanently disqualified from holding public office.

Saturday, 14 April, 2018


jIt founD no evIDenCe lInkIng mAryAm to InCorPorAtIon of BvI ComPAnIes wAJid ziA tells Court shAriF FAmily did not give Any written instruCtion to nielson And nesCol CompAnies to buy AvenField FlAts ISLAMABAD



ANAMAGATE Joint Investigation Team (JIT) head Wajid Zia on Friday admitted that there was no evidence pointing to deposed premier Nawaz Sharif’s daughter Maryam’s involvement in the incorporation of Nielson and Nescol offshore companies. The revelation came as the accountability court presided by Judge Mohammad Bashir resumed hearing of the corruption references filed by the National Accountability Bureau (NAB) against the Sharif family. Nawaz Sharif, Maryam and her husband Captain (r) Muhammad Safdar were exempted from appearing due to security concerns owing to a protest by Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan (TLP) activists in Lahore. Maryam and Safdar’s lawyer Amjad Pervaiz began the twelfth cross-examination session of the JIT head, inquiring

about the owner of Avenfield properties before it came under the possession of Nielson and Nescol. Zia replied that the team had not investigated prior ownership before its transfer to the two companies. Pervaiz then questioned Zia over a letter exchanged between Advocate Salman Akram Raja and Lawrence Radley pertaining to Avenfield apartments – in which Radley had confirmed that he acted on behalf of the purchasers of the property in or around 1993 to 1996. He further recalled that the apartments were purchased through two British Virgin Islands (BVI) companies: Nielson and Nescol and the instructions to purchase the properties were not dictated by any member of the Sharif family. When asked if Radley was associated with any investigation, Zia stated that the JIT had decided to not associate him. He volunteered that the letter clearly stated the properties were purchased through BVI companies, adding that the reason for purchase through offshore companies

is to maintain anonymity of purchasers, hence it was meaningless for the JIT. “Was the reasoning behind its non-inclusion included in the JIT?” asked Pervaiz. “It is true that the JIT has not mentioned Radley’s letter in the report nor appended,” responded Zia. The defence counsel suggested that it was incorrect that the JIT did not associate Radley’s letter as it would have proved that none of the members of the Sharif family had any concern with purchase of the said properties. Probing further, he inquired whether any evidence collected by the JIT proved Maryam’s involvement in the incorporation of the two companies. Claiming that there was indirect evidence, Zia said there was certification by BVI authorities of the correspondence between Federal Investigation Agency of BVI (FIA BVI) and law firm Mossack Fonseca and Maryam’s link with Minerva Financial Services Limited was documented through a letter dated december 5, 2005 – when the properties were owned by share-bearers at the time of incorporation. “does the record show Maryam’s role in the incorporation of the companies?” probed Pervaiz. “No, it does not show any involvement from Maryam,” answered Zia. He voluntarily conceded that neither any witness nor any

accused offered any information to the JIT regarding it. “Similarly the letter, dated december 5, 2005, referred in previous questions does not have anything to do with the incorporation of the said two companies.” When Pervaiz persisted if the JIT collected records of the two BVI companies, Zia said the JIT could not gather records pertaining to the incorporation of Nielson and Nescol. Further questions revealed the JIT was not able to gather records of companies responsible for secretarial administration since the incorporation of the two BVI companies from 1993 to 1996 nor could it ascertain records of the companies responsible for the maintenance and management of the Avenfield properties. The court adjourned the hearing until Monday. On Wednesday, Nawaz’s counsel Khawaja Harris concluded Zia’s crossexamination in the Avenfield case. After Harris concluded his crossexamination, Maryam’s counsel began his cross-examination. during the last hearing on Thursday, Wajid Zia had told the accountability court that the JIT had summoned Maryam and Safdar before it obtained evidence suggesting Maryam was the beneficial owner of the Avenfield apartments.

the ‘quaid for life’ is disqualified for life verdiCt mAy AFFeCt pml-n’s nArrAtive oF viCtimhood ISLAMABAD SHAH NAWAZ MOHAL

First their Lordships took the premiership from Nawaz Sharif and made him fight his case in an accountability court, then they took the presidentship of his party from him and now they have disqualified him for life. If past happenings can tell us anything about the future, in Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz’s (PML-N) case, the future looks gloomy, bleak and full of unfortunate events. What came to many of us as a surprise and to others as a validation of their trust in the judiciary, Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Mian Saqib Nisar-led five member bench decided that disqualification under Article 62(1)(f) of the Constitution of Pakistan is perpetual and permanent. What is missing from the esteemed judges’ verdict are the consequences it will have on the PML-N’s narrative of victimhood and being the sole target of a grand conspiracy hatched by the ever elusive establishment, comprising of judges and generals. Ever since the Supreme Court (SC) started the Panamagate hearing, both PML-N and PTI have their daggers drawn, both inside and outside the

court. Till April 20, 2017, the day when SC formed a Joint Investigation Team (JIT) to look further into the matter, both parties posed supreme confidence in the apex court and abstained from directly or even indirectly attacking, mocking or ridiculing it. However, as the JIT commenced and it started summoning members of the Sharif family, alarm bells started ringing for the first family. Slowly yet steadily, MNAs and loyalists like Talal Chaudhry, daniyal Aziz, Asif Kirmani, the inimitable Senator Nehal Hashmi among others, mounted a verbal assault which was sometimes direct and at other times covered in innuendos and insinuations against the JIT members and judges of the SC. After July 28, 2017, as they say, the proverbial cat came out of the bag. Former prime minister Nawaz, along with his daughter Maryam Nawaz, who previously were in the shadows and avoided making direct comments on judiciary, started a countrywide campaign where they addressed droves of people and kept on repeating the same mantra, the now viral and ubiquitous ‘Mujhay Kiyun Nikala’. The serious observers, however, believe that the narrative both father and daughter repeated incessantly has gained currency over time. Nawaz often said in his rallies and public appearances that it all started with the investigation into Panama Papers and got reduced to an iqama (work permit). The cornered, blindsided and now paranoid PMLN had to put up with multiple salvos in quick succes-

sion. The fall from grace of the ‘secure and thriving’ Nawaz in wake of Panamagate judgment has not even stopped. The daily haul to the accountability court, the possibility of being jailed in Adiala, the end of a dynasty, the inter-family rifts, the power struggle between cousins and now the disqualification for life from the same judges who disqualified him in Panamagate over an iqama, does not bode well for him. Recently, Maryam, the heir apparent of the Sharif dynasty, held scores of social media conventions all over Pakistan. She used the occasions to mould the public opinion around two simple points. Firstly, a grand conspiracy is afoot against PML-N in general and her family in particular. Secondly, Maryam Nawaz, fearful of the outcome of case in the accountability court, has gone all out to portray her family as the victims who have been wronged, tricked and hoodwinked by the duo of ‘managed’ judges and ‘conspiring’ khakis. One thing, however, is certain. The narrative of Nawaz and his daughter has helped them hold onto their vote bank. Whether new converts have entered the fold of PML-N is questionable but there is little argument against the fact that their narrative has made their old supporters stauncher. Perching themselves on the moral high ground, their Lordships at the Supreme Court have decided the fate and fortune of the Sharif family. Now, the ball is in the accountability court. It is expected that the ‘final judgment’ too will come soon.


opp parties endorse sC’s lifetime ban verdict LAHORE STAFF REPORT

Two of Pakistan’s main opposition parties — the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) and Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) — have endorsed support for the Supreme Court’s verdict imposing a lifetime ban on politicians disqualified under Article 62(1)(f) of the Constitution “for being honest”. Hailing the Supreme Court (SC) verdict, PTI chief Imran Khan said the SC decisions are paving way for a ‘new Pakistan’. He said Nawaz has been disqualified for the fourth time, which is a record in itself. Addressing party workers in Wazirabad, he said the country will not move forward until corruption is eliminated. The PTI chief said that the court took the matter in its hand after most of the institutions ‘failed’ to perform their duties and added that Foreign Minister Khawaja Asif is next in line for disqualification. Commenting on the SC verdict, PPP Chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari said that the fate of politicians should be decided by the people of Pakistan. Taking to his Twitter handle, Bilawal stated, “I am of the belief that it’s the people of Pakistan who should make such decisions about the fate of politicians. Unfortunately, it is PTI and PML-N themselves who have forced the judicialisation of our politics. Naehal Nawaz and Tareen must now face the consequences of their actions.” Similarly, National Assembly (NA) Opposition Leader Khursheed Shah said that the SC’s decision was per constitution and everyone should accept it. He added that Nawaz Sharif has been trapped in Article 62(1)(f) which he supported the most and that there should be no arguments on the decision anymore. Awami Muslim League (AML) Chairman Sheikh Rasheed Ahmed also supported the SC decision. He said that politics of the Sharif family has ended before the general elections, adding that the PML-N would not be able to woo voters in the upcoming elections as the public had rejected them. While speaking to the media after the disqualification of Nawaz Sharif and Jahangir Tareen, PTI Vice Chairman Shah Mahmood Qureshi stated that political parties do not rotate around personalities and that Nawaz Sharif should learn a lesson from his past mistakes. Pakistan Awami Tehreek (PAT) chief dr Tahirul Qadri said that the top court’s larger bench has jointly explained the constitution’s important article. Qadri went on to say that the judgement has closed the doors of the parliament for dishonest people. “The decision would prove a milestone to promote the culture of transparency,” he said and added there was no comparison between the cases of late former premier Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and corrupt Nawaz Sharif. The PAT chief said that finally the corrupt and disqualified people have met their logical end.

Nawaz will live on in hearts: PML-N shehbAz sAys nAwAz doesn’t need FormAl oFFiCe to Continue guiding people pm sAys ‘those who work Are drAgged in Courts’ mAryAm nAwAz sAys ‘whenever Attempts Are mAde to weAken nAwAz, he beComes stronger’ mArriyum sAys deCisions AgAinst nAwAz mAde First, triAls ConduCted lAter Following the court’s verdict against Nawaz Sharif, the top leadership of the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PMLN) expressed solidarity with the former premier, saying he will continue to guide the party and live on in people’s hearts. Party President and Punjab Chief Minister Shehbaz Sharif said that a leader like Nawaz Sharif does not need “any formal office to continue guiding his party and serving his people”. In a series of tweets, the CM commented on the historic Supreme Court (SC) ruling that disqualified former prime minister for life, under Article 62(1)(f) of

the constitution. “Nawaz Sharif is not the name of a person. Rather he represents a philosophy and an ideology of public service, the supremacy of constitution and respect of vote. A leader like him does not need any formal office to continue guiding his party and serving his people,” Shehbaz tweeted. He further said, “Today is a day of test for the nation when a judicial decision has barred a popular national leader from serving the county who made it a nuclear power and who has the distinct honour of being elected prime minister thrice.” “We have always believed in the

supremacy of law and the neutrality of its arbiters. despite the judicial verdict, PML-N will continue to be the largest political party of the country under the guidance of Nawaz Sharif,” he said. ‘PeoPle are The PoWer’: Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi downplayed the verdict, saying, “The decision, at the end of the day, will come from the people. The PM said that the nations always remember those who work, adding that unfortunately it is “a different case here as another decision came today”. The prime minister further said that those who work [for the country] are dragged in court and added the country will suffer in the absence of political stability. ‘NaWaZ WIll beCoMe oNly STroNGer’: Former first daughter Maryam Nawaz said that this was not the first time that Nawaz Sharif had been disqualified or punished, but [still] the former premier “continues to be added, instead of being subtracted”. Speaking to a gathering in Sialkot, she said whenever efforts were made to weaken Nawaz he emerged stronger than ever. “Nawaz was disqualified for life; he was barred from heading his party,” the former first daughter said, adding that “he still resides in the hearts of the people.”


DISQUalIfICaTIoN SPaN CaSe a ‘CoNSPIraCy’: State Minister for Information Marriyum Aurangzeb termed the verdict a “joke that has already been played on previous prime ministers”. “This is the same [kind of] decision that led to the hanging of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, to the assassination of Benazir Bhutto and [then] to the disqualification of an elected prime minister [Nawaz],” claimed Aurangzeb. Marriyum stated that time and again, democratically elected leaders of Pakistan are unceremoniously removed from their post. “All 17 prime ministers of Pakistan have faced a similar fate.” “This

decision is the result of a conspiracy by ‘Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves’,” she added. Marriyum Aurangzeb further said decisions against Nawaz are made first and trials are conducted later. “Today’s decision is the same as Nawaz’s trial court case,” she added maintaining that a decision has been made on a trial which is still underway. Claiming that not a “single rupee’s corruption has been proven against the former premier”, the information minister said, “The case on which Nawaz has been disqualified for life is still underway as is the case which disqualified him from his premiership.” NEWS DESk


Rise and fall of Jahangir Tareen The Supreme Court of Pakistan on April 13 announced in a verdict that disqualification under Article 62(1)(f) of the Constitution is for life, thereby permanently barring Jahangir Tareen from holding public office. Here’s an overview of Jahangir Tareen’s political career. 2002: Jahangir Tareen is elected into the National Assembly from NA-195 on Pakistan Muslim League- Quaid’s (PML-Q) ticket and serves as special adviser on agriculture and social sector initiatives to Chief Minister of Punjab Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi. 2004: Tareen becomes the Federal Minister for Industries and Production and retains the post till 2007. 2008: Jahangir Tareen is re-elected into the National Assembly on the ticked of Pakistan Muslim League Functional (PML- F). 2011: Resigns from the National Assembly and joins Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) September 2013: Becomes the Secretary General of PTI. 2013 General Elections: Jahangir Tareen contests on PTI ticket from NA-154 but fails in his quest. Tareen files against alleged irregularities. 2015: Jahangir Tareen’s allegations prove accurate and the seat becomes vacant. Tareen contests again and this time becomes successful. december 15, 2017: Tareen is disqualified from holding public office by the Supreme Court. december 16, 2017: He resigns as the Secretary General of PTI. april 13, 2018: The Supreme Court declares Jahangir Tareen to be ineligible from holding public office for life.

Six terrorists held in Balochistan: ISPR Rawalpindi: Security forces on Friday arrested six terrorists involved in targeting a team of polio workers and the police force from different areas of Balochistan, reported the ISPR. Intelligence-based operations (IBOs) conducted in Chaman, Saryab and Pishin areas of Balochistan led to the arrest of terrorists who had targeted polio teams in Yaru Bazaar, as well as, the police force in Dera Murad Jamali. STAFF REPORT

Saturday, 14 April, 2018




HE Senate passed on Friday the bill extending the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court (SC) and Peshawar High Court (PHC) to the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). It is one of a handful of reforms paving the way for an eventual merger of the tribal areas with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP). The Supreme Court and High Court (Extension Jurisdiction to Federally Administered Tribal Areas [FATA] ) Bill, 2018, which had already been passed in the Lower House of parliament was moved in Senate by Federal Law Minister Mahmood Bashir Virk. Virk said the bill was drafted after getting consensus from all the leaders and other stakeholders. Speaking on the occasion, Minister for States and Frontier Regions Abdul Qadir Baloch said, “All rulers, including

me, are indebted to the people of FATA. No efforts were made in the past to give full rights to the people of the tribal areas.” He assured the House that the government was serious in its commitment to ensure the merger of FATA with KP. He also criticised the current legal system in place — the Frontier Crimes Regulation (FCR) — according to which jirgas accord punishments in civil and criminal cases on the basis of their own traditions and beliefs while the state assumes a limited role. Addressing the House, Jamaat-e-Islami Senator Sirajul Haq said that the people of FATA were given the right to vote in 2009. “People of FATA don’t even know about their rights,” he added. The bill was, however, opposed by the government’s allies —Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami Party and Jamiat Ulema-eIslam-Fazl (JUI-F) — who walked out of the session in protest. “The decision to approve the bill is against the people of FATA,” JUI-F Senator Maulana Attaur Rehman said. “The parliament is

losing its dignity,” he complained. He further said that the bill being supported by both the government and opposition raises questions about it being brought on “someone else’s” behest. Later, the Pakistan People’s Party, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf and Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz managed to pass the bill. The FATA reforms, which include its merger with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa as well as the extension of court jurisdiction, are a part of one of the points listed in the National Action Plan (NAP) for countering terrorism in the country. The federal cabinet had approved the extension of the SC and Islamabad High Court (IHC) to FATA in September last year, but the NA Standing Committee on Law and Justice later changed it to PHC from IHC as MNAs from FATA said it would be extremely cumbersome for residents of FATA to travel to the federal capital for justice. The debate around the merger of FATA has accelerated with the recent Pakhtun Tahafuz Movement (PTM) protests demanding the restoration of routine life in FATA — even though the movement does not have an official stance on whether FATA should be merged with KP or carved into a separate province.


Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi on Friday inaugurated the first unit of the Neelum Jhelum hydropower project, terming it a symbol of Pakistan and China’s strong friendship. While addressing the ceremony on the occasion, the PM said that the project is an engineering marvel, a project that the government has completed by overcoming enormous hurdles and he is grateful that it is finally up and running now. “This project concluded despite facing difficulties,” he told the people and added that it would never have existed without former premier Nawaz Sharif’s initiative. He said that although nations usually remember hard workers, it was unfortunate that over here there is ‘a different case as another decision came today’.

“The decision, at the end of the day, will be made by the public,” he said, adding that the decision will go to the public before the upcoming elections. “Those who work we drag them into courts, in countries where is no political stability things suffer,” lamented the premier. The PM also informed that similar work is being done on wind and solar energy projects. Speaking about the project, he said that the project is a new wonder of Pakistan which comprises of three components including a dam, waterway system involving 52 kilometres long tunnels and an underground powerhouse. Abbasi spoke on the Kashmir crisis, highlighting the issue and urging the implementation of the United Nation’s resolution to end atrocities in Indian Occupied Kashmir (IOK). “The Kashmir crisis is a challenge for Human rights organisations,” he said and added, “Pakistan has fought for the

rights of Kashmir on every forum since the past 70 years.” Neelum Jhelum Hydropower Project is a world-class underground facility of immense national importance constructed in Azad Jammu and Kashmir. It is an underground facility of immense national importance in AJK with an installed capacity of 969 MW. The NJC comprise of US-based Montgomery Watson Harza (USA), Norwegian company NORPLAN International, National Engineering Services Pakistan (NESPAK), Associated Consulting Engineers (ACE), Pakistan and National Development Consultants Pakistan (NDC). During the construction, the project created 4,500 jobs besides leading to the socio-economic uplift of the area. An amount of Rs 5,237 million has been earmarked to execute the projects for environmental mitigation including a girls high school, roads, water supply schemes, recreational parks, grid station, basic health unit, bridges, water treatment schemes and watershed management.

NADRA briefs apex court on internet voting iSlaMaBad: On the apex court’s directive, the National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA) on Friday gave a detailed briefing on the procedure of internet voting. However, the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) and other political parties expressed their reservations regarding the risks and insecurities pertaining to an online system. PML-N leader Mushahid Hussain Syed said that the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) would not be able to handle electronic voting, suggesting that an electronic voting system should at least not be put on trial for the forthcoming elections. He further said that the ECP would be overburdened and that it would be enough for the commission if it can smoothly and fairly conduct the forthcoming general elections with completion delimitations. A three-member bench headed by Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Mian Saqib Nisar on Friday heard the case regarding the overseas Pakistanis’ right of vote. NADRA’s chairman gave a detailed briefing on the working procedure of an electronic system.

Pak Army cadet bags international medal at RMAS in UK Pakistan Army Cadet Shehroz Shahid on Friday bagged the Overseas International Medal at Royal Military Academy Sandhurst (RMAS) the UK, said the Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR). Shahid was considered worthy of the medal for high performance in education, training, and physical fitness fields displayed during the training period. The medal was awarded by British Army Chief of General Staff General Sir Nicholas Patrick Carter, who was the reviewing officer of the parade. NEwS DESk

Islamabad airport to be fully operational by April 20: CAA spokesperson SLAMABAD HAMID kHAN wAZIR

Government’s plan to inaugurate the long-delayed new Islamabad International Airport on April 20 seems to be a political decision, as the airport still lacks basic facilities. The project was launched back in 2007 with the initial proposed budget of around Rs 37 billion and was scheduled to be completed by 2010 but due to repeated delays and ill-planning, the cost of the project escalated to Rs 105 billion. The government gave several deadlines for the inauguration of the airport but

it could not be made operational due to non-completion of much-needed facilities. So, it appears now that the government is adamant to inaugurate it at all costs just for political mileage and to avoid further embarrassment caused by constant delays and the soaring cost of the project. The airport is designed to cater nine million passengers annually. In the old airport there was a sitting capacity of 1400 passengers, but in the new airport the sitting capacity is over 5000 passengers. Sources told Pakistan Today that the government is all-set to inaugurate the much-awaited Islamabad airport at the last leg of its tenure to use it for political

purposes as the elections are near. They said that the road leading to the airport is yet to be completed and the construction of the metro bus track on Kashmir Highway would take three to four months to be fully operational, adding that there would be extra load on the roads that could cause traffic problems. They said that despite being an international airport which will be used by thousands of passengers, there is no hotel facility due to which the passengers could face great problems in case of flight delays. They also said that under such circumstances, the passengers would either


have to wait in the waiting lounge or have to rush to Islamabad to wait until the problems were solved. Sources said that the two runways of the airport are so close to each other that a little obliviousness on part of the pilots could lead to major accidents. It is worth noting that even the Public Accounts Committee (PAC), during its visit to the airport on Thursday, expressed concerns and reportedly recommended that the two runways should not be used simultaneously because the distance between them is narrow and could cause accidents. The committee, headed by Syed Khursheed Shah, visited the new Islam-

abad airport where Aviation Division and Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) officials briefed them about the new airport. Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz’s (PML-N) newly-elected Senator Mushahid Hussain Syed reportedly said that the private housing societies in the surrounding areas of the new Islamabad airport increase the security risks. Responding to his concerns, the CAA officials present there said that the housing societies got their NoCs from the CAA before they started their operations. Sources further said that due to the scarcity of water, the passengers could face serious water issues.

Saturday, 14 April, 2018


LhC dismisses petition seeking removal of Musharraf as APML chief LAHORE STAFF REPORT

The Lahore High Court (LHC) on Friday dismissed a petition filed for the removal of former Gen (r) Pervez Musharraf as the president of All Pakistan Muslim League (APML). According to an LHC bench, the petitioner had no locus standi to file the petition and asked him to approach an appropriate forum for the purpose instead. The petition was filed by Advocate Muhammad Afaq, requesting the court to declare the former military ruler ineligible to head his political party. It was mentioned in the petition that the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) had disqualified Musharraf to contest the general elections in 2013 under Article 62 and 63 of the Constitution, therefore, he could not hold a party office under the law, the petitioner argued. He gave the example of former prime minister Nawaz Sharif, who was recently disqualified as Pakistan Muslim League- Nawaz’s (PML-N) president by the Supreme Court (SC). A threemember bench of the SC, headed by Chief Justice of Pakistan Mian Saqib Nisar struck down a controversial amendment to the Election Act 2017, which allowed Sharif to head his party. The court also declared that all decisions taken by Nawaz as PML-N president since July 28 stood null and void after the judgment.

PM, COAS to visit Riyadh in wake of Yemen missile attacks ISLAMABAD ONLINE

Prime Minister (PM) Shahid Khaqan Abbasi and the Chief of the Army Staff (COAS) General Qamar Javed Bajwa will visit Saudi Arabia today on a daylong trip. The two leaders will witness exercises of the 34-country Islamic Military Alliance (IMA) headquartered in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) capital, besides having an important meeting with the custodian of the two holy mosques King Salman bin Abdul Aziz and Crown Prince Muhammad bin Salman. They will also have lunch with the Saudi King in Riyadh. The leaders from Pakistan are visiting Saudi Arabia for the first time after Pakistan dispatched troops to the Kingdom for training Saudi forces, two months ago. The exercises and visit by Pakistan’s civil and military leadership have added significance in the wake of recent missile attacks from Yemen’s Hothi rebels. They will also discuss the recent security situation in the wake of the Yemen missile attacks. Prime Minister Shahid Abbasi and General Bajwa will discuss the regional situation with special reference to the developments in the neighbourhood. The situation in Syria will also come up for deliberations during the meetings.

punJab govT CapiTulaTeS To ‘wanTed’ CleRiC’S demandS LAHORE




HE Punjab government has capitulated to the demands of the Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan (TLP) after a handful of supporters of TLP leader Khadim Hussain Rizvi— a proclaimed offender in at least 14 cases— took to streets on Thursday. TLP leader Rizvi, who had been holding a sit-in at Lahore’s Data Darbar since April 2, to pressurise the government into accepting his demands had ordered his supporters to come out on streets after the TLP deadline to the government ended. Subsequently, the situation spilled over with the TLP members blocking major roads and highways in various cities, including Lahore, Rawalpindi and Faisalabad. Following the protests, the government agreed to hold negotiations with the TLP which led to a breakthrough and a settlement was reached to end the protest. Making an announcement to end the protest in the early morning on Friday, TLP Chairperson Pir Afzal Qadri said the government has agreed to fulfill the terms of the Faizabad agreement that

was brokered last year. He further claimed that the government had agreed to drop the cases registered against TLP leaders and workers. The time and the nature of the settlement have raised several questions over the intentions of the government as it accepted all the conditions of a religious faction led by a convict. According to analysts, the provincial government accepting all demands of the party just after an 11-hour protest hints at government’s attempt to gain political mileage out of the issue. According to the draft of the agreement signed between the two parties, the copy of Raja Zafarul Haq report will be made public; a notification would be issued regarding the use of loudspeakers; an inquiry board would be formed to probe into the Faizabad incident that would also two members of the TLP.” Additionally, the agreement stated that Rana Sanaullah would have to appear before seven clerics to affirm his faith. It may be noted here that the TLP chief, Rizvi, had been declared proclaimed offender by the Islamabad High Court (IHC) after he repeatedly failed to

appear before the court in cases pertaining to the Faizabad sit-in. Moreover, the police had also failed to arrest the cleric with the Punjab government spokesperson admitting that the government was finding it hard to arrest the cleric. Commenting on the curious development, activist Jibran Nasir said the government has accepted the demands of TLP just seeking its own interest in wake of upcoming general elections. Speaking to Pakistan Today, he said that this the government has lost a lot in this agreement with Rizvi. “The government in fact paved Rizvi’s way to hold public rallies ahead of general elections,” he said, adding that the repercussions will be faced by the state in future. Pakistan Today tried to approach various government representatives over the issue, but all attempts remained in vain. Punjab government Spokesperson Malik Muhammad Ahmad Khan remained busy in a meeting in Islamabad, while Law Minister Rana Sanaullah and Zaeem Hussain Qadri’s mobile phones were powered off. However, speaking to a local newspaper, Malik Ahmad Khan had said that


Civil society urged to stand by victim’s family PESHAWAR AZIZ BUNERI

The first death anniversary of Mashal Khan was observed at Peshawar Press Club and University of Peshawar on Friday. Pakhtoon Students Federation (PSF) has arranged a one-day seminar at Abdul Qadir Hall which was attended by a large number of students, academia and civil activists. Professor Khadim Hussain delivered a lecture to the gathering. Education institutions don’t teach the lesson of tolerance, Professor Hussain criticised the role of Pakistani text books. The followers of Bacha Khan were also involved in the lynching case of Mashal Khan. Abdul Wali Khan University’s journalism student Mashal Khan was assassinated by mob in the alleged blasphemy case on April 13, 2017. Prof Hussain further added that the barbaric act of Mashal Khan’s killing would be remembered in the history of Pashtuns as an ugly day for the rest of the life. He admitted that there

might be some deficiencies on Awami National Party (ANP) part and he hoped to overcome and preach the non-violence philosophy of Bacha Khan. Social and political activist Sana Ejaz asked the government to remove hate and intolerant lessons from text books and promote peace and harmony among youth. PSF General Secretary Abid Yousafzai asked the youth to promote

tolerance and respect of opinion. Standing with Mashal Khan’s family is actually rejecting the brutality of the state and non state actors in Pakistan. The fear of violence is still prevailing in the village of Mashal Khan and that’s why three police constables are performing twenty-four hour duty on his grave. During Swati Taliban time one anti-TTP Swat person’s dead body was dug out and hanged in the area. The local authority still feels fear likewise incident with Mashal Khan. This is sheer brutality while securing someone dead body under tons of soil in the grave. At Peshawar Press Club, ANP central leader Bushra Gohar asked the state institutions to work for harmony and soft syllabus. “Glorifying the warriors in books attracts the youth towards guns, bullets and swords”, Bushra also criticised text book boards. The silence of majority of the population due to fear will further encourages the fundamentalists, she warned the nation.

Youth prone to Leftism more than ever: Indian communist leader LAHORE MUHSEN ALI

Communist Party of India (CPI) member, writer and activist Noor Sajjad Zaheer pointing out increased number of the young generation in the politics of the left wing said that the youth are raising questions about their future and about different projects which can affect the economic development. “We are monitoring a big change in the youth federations as they are taking part in the movements of the leftist parties,” she said while addressing a talk on the contemporary challenges and struggle of the left in India at the Research and Publication Centre in collaboration with the Progressive Writers Association. Noor Zaheer said that the membership of the youth federations witnessed increased by one and a half percent. This (increasing) trend will have an impact in upcoming election,” she said. But she expressed concerns about possibilities of


her country facing a ‘civil war-like situation’ if the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) forms another government as a result of the 2019 elections. Noor is daughter of the late Syed Sajjad Zaheer (Nov 1905 – Sept 1973), who was an Urdu writer, Marxist ideologue and revolutionary who worked in both Pakistan and India. In the pre-independence era, he was a leading member of the Communist Party of India. After the patrician of 1947, he moved along with his family to Pakistan and became a founding member of the Communist Party of Pakistan. Noor Zaheer told the audience that the journalists who show the real face of the ruling party are facing false cases. “We have warned everybody to be ready for street fights at the end of April. We must remember that the protest is a way to show our concerns and the most effective way to get our rights,” she said. In India, “we have seen a massive campaign of farmers with the support of the general public,” she said.

To a question, she said that farmers from all over India were committing suicide due to poor strategies of the government. “Punjab, which supplies 42 per cent of the food, also faced the same problem. The heartbreaking thing is that progressive writers, actors, activists and peace workers did not write enough about it,” she said. To another question, she criticised the BJP-led government about not giving enough freedom of expression. “They (the government) make religion a commodity and sell it for a high price. They are avoiding those who are living in foreign countries after huge financial irregularities,” she said, adding that if the journalists report about that, they accuse them of not doing well for the country’s image. “If anyone wants democracy, secularism and economic development in India, they have to come forward and be united,” she said. “We have to keep the unity within ourselves. They are not even leaving the educational institutions and targeting

them as well,” she said. Answering questions, Noor Zaheer said the Jawaharlal Nehru University was giving an opportunity to its students to think and to ask questions that’s why the government in India was targeting this and other institutions of higher education. In India, she said that women especially young girls were demanding free society for their rights. “It is very difficult to survive in India as a communist but the only option to get success is unity and we have to be united for getting our rights,” she replied to a question. To a question, she said that there were a need to revise both the communism and socialism. “We have to accept new realities,” she said. At the end, host Rashed Rahman said that many problems of the leftist parties of Pakistan and India are identical, though some differences still persist. “I will second the thought of Noor Zaheer as unity is the best option for getting success,” he said.

the only sticking point was court orders which had put the legality of the agreement under question and declared TLP leaders proclaimed offenders. This area would require directives from the court and the government would take up the matter with the court. The rest has been agreed upon and the ball is now in the court of the TLP, he went on to add. Online ads: the Sadiqabad Police in Rawalpindi on Friday registered a case against the security personnel for launching crackdown against the Tehreek-e-Labaik Pakistan (TLP) protestors at Faizabad Interchange. In this connection, Muhammad Hafizullah Jan, a resident of People’s Colony, approached the police on April 12 and registered a case against the police personnel under sections 324, 302 and 427. However, there was no political leader, police and high ups of the paramilitary forces nominated in the application. The applicant said that in November last year, the activists of the Tehreek-eLabaik held a ‘peaceful’ sit-in in which a large number of ‘religious scholars’ participated. The administration along with the security forces launched a crackdown against the ‘peaceful’ party workers, killing seven and injuring dozens others.

Relatives of man killed by uS diplomat demand justice ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

Relatives of the youth killed by a US diplomat rallied in Islamabad on Friday, asking the government to ensure that justice is served to the deceased’s family. On Saturday, the vehicle of US Defence and Air Attache Colonel Joseph Emanuel Hall ran a red light and rammed into a motorcycle killing Ateeq Baig on the spot and injuring another young man. Friday’s rally was held near the road where 22-year-old Ateeq Baig was killed and another person was injured when the US military attaché Col Joseph Emanuel Hall allegedly ran a red light and hit his motorcycle last week. The protesters called for justice to be served to the deceased’s family. A Quran Khwani was held at the protest and funeral prayers in absentia were also offered. Baig’s father Mohammad Idrees took part in the rally. He said that so far, no US Embassy official had visited his home for condolences. On Thursday, the Islamabad High Court reserved its verdict on the maintainability of a petition requesting Colonel Hall’s name be placed on the exit control list (ECL) — which bars foreign travel. A singlejudge bench of the IHC comprising Justice Aamer Farooq, had questioned the maintainability of the petition filed by the slain man’s father. Colonel Joseph, station house officer (SHO) of Kohsar police station, inspector general (IG) Islamabad and interior secretary were made parties in the petition filed with the IHC on Wednesday.

Girl martyred in firing at LoC NAKYAL SECTOR ONLINE

In yet another incident of unprovoked firing by the Indian forces across the Line of Control (LoC), a girl was killed and a boy was critically injured on Friday. According to media reports, the Indian forces once again violated the ceasefire agreement and started unprovoked firing across the LoC. They targeted the civilian population in the Nakyal Sector of Lanjot area and killed the girl whereas the boy was critically injured. The injured was shifted to Khoi Ratta Hospital for medical treatment. Pakistan Army responded fiercely and silenced the Indian guns.



Saturday, 14 April, 2018




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PU halts extension of non-teaching contractUal staff ASA REPOSES CONFIDENCE IN PU LAW COLLEGE PRINCIPAL LAHORE


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UNJAB University (PU) on Friday blocked the extension of more than 100 non-teaching employees on BS-17 and above working under contractual basis, a notification issued by PU Registrar Dr Muhammad Khalid Khan said. According to the notification, further extension of non-teaching staff working in BS-17 and above on contractual basis will not be entertained anymore. It also recalled that such three-month extensions were awarded in past. “All the vacant posts will be filled in regular manner by adopting the procedure of advertisement circulation,” it added. The directives mentioned that the

Head of Departments (HODs) could make arrangements for awarding extensions either by self-supporting funds or any other admissible manner. The move received criticism from various sections where the stakeholders accused the varsity’s vice chancellor Dr Zakaria Zakir, Registrar Khalid Khan and Additional Registrar Malik Zaheer of submitting to the political pressure from Minister for Higher Education Syed Raza Ali Gillani. Sources claimed that jobs would be awarded to promote nepotism and sifarish culture in the name of the selection board to usurp the rights of those who were already employed. The union of non-teaching contractual employees of PU made an appeal to the Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) to restore their jobs.

‘Digital Challan’ app launched LAHORE Staff RePoRt

With the help of Punjab Information Technology Board, City Traffic Police Lahore (CTPL) launched ‘Digital Challan’ app on Friday to automate and ensure the accountability of violations against traffic rules in the provincial capital. “The automation of various functions of the city traffic police through technological solutions has become a success story with the dedicated hard work by the police officials to bring genuine reforms in the centuries-old system to facilitate the citizens,” Dr Umar Saif, Chairman of PITB, said while addressing the launch ceremony of the pilot project ‘Digital Challan’, an application developed by the PITB to digitise traffic challan system in Lahore. He said that this application will be used by 3000 authorised challan officers who perform their duties in three shifts in the 34 traffic sectors of Lahore. The collaboration experience with the Punjab police over a period of three and a half years was credible due to the ownership of police as to bring about genuine reforms one needed to take the risk and to show the leadership, he added. Dr Saif further added that the automation of Punjab police initiated with the complaint lodge management system was now successfully being practiced across the Punjab police in 713 police stations while the whole Human Resource record of the city police was also digitised. Currently, 4,500 manual challans were being accounted every day and with the induction of Digital Challan application, the system would ensure accountability and transparency, he said.

The PITB Chairman informed that the successful automated projects of the Punjab police attracted the other provinces as well while the PITB assisted Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and Balochistan police in this regard while the Sindh police showed keen interest in their projects, adding that the Sindh IGP would soon visit to sign an agreement for the replica of their applications. Addressing the ceremony, the Capital City Police Officer (CCPO) of Lahore Captain (r) Muhammad Amin Wains lauded the support extended by Dr Saif and his team and said that traffic was an important component of the police service by ensuring the smooth, safe and comfortable movement of the people while IT initiatives were imperative and only way forward to improve the operational capacity. There was a need to visit every doorstep and to hold seminars at Police Stations to create awareness among the citizens to respect the law of the land, which was an obligation on all of us, he added. He urged the traffic wardens that challan should be the last resort after creating awareness and they must show maximum tolerance and respect to the commuters instead of arguing or scuffle. Earlier, Rai Ijaz Ahmad Chief Traffic Officer (CTO) explained the salient feature of the digital challan application and said that in the history of traffic police it was an important opportunity to shift from manual challans to digital one, which was the first phase and would provide database of the nature of the traffic violation, violator and the vehicle to make available the violation history with one click.

ASA REPOSES CONFIDENCE IN PU LAW COLLEGE PRINCIPAL: PU Academy Staff Association (ASA) on Friday reposed confidence in the Principal of Punjab University Law College (PULC) Dr Shazia Qureshi. In a statement that was issued in the wake of a resolution that was passed against the Law College principal last month by some of faculty members of the college, the ASA president Dr Mahboob Hussain said that the ASA strongly condemn this habitual and vicious tactic of a bunch of so-called senior faculty members of Law College, most of whom neither took classes regularly nor contributed in any research. They are habitual intriguers who have a past record of using similar tactics with almost every Principal of PULC, the statement said. The ASA further added that the same group had employed its member Khujista Rehan to malign the reputation and to harm the careers of the highly qual-

ified teachers of various departments by making fake criminal cases against them. “We condemn this behavior of Khujista Rehan and her collaborators,” he said. The main motive of the signatories of the so-called resolution is to hold the administration of the University and PULC hostage to obtain undue favours and to

get hegemonic control over the affairs of the college, said the statement. “They have used the vague phrase ‘deteriorated situation’ in PULC without specifying a single basis for this false claim. The PULC is progressing very well under the present leadership of Dr. Shazia who has an LLM from Cambridge and a Ph.D. from Lancaster U.K,” ASA president said.


Hafiz Saeed opined on Friday that Nawaz Sharif was disqualified by the country’s top court due to his friendship with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, accusing the ex-premier of committing treachery with the people of occupied Kashmir. Speaking at a demonstration staged at Chauburji Chowk, the Jamaat-udDawa (JuD) chief said, “Former PM Nawaz Sharif was disqualified due to disloyalty with Kashmiris’ blood, and friendship with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Any party or personality would be disqualified that committed treachery with Kashmiris.” “Modi’s friends have no right to govern Pakistan. Those persons would

Cabinet committee reviews pre-monsoon arrangements LAHORE: Punjab Minister for Planning and Development (P&D) and Chairman of Cabinet Committee on Floods, Malik Nadeem Kamran on Friday directed all the district administrations to take local government representatives on board to have their cooperation and assistance during pre-monsoon/flood arrangement. Chairing the first cabinet committee’s meeting on pre-monsoon and anti-flood arrangements for the year 2018 at the Civil Secretariat on Friday, Kamran reviewed the arrangements made by different provincial departments to combat any possible threat of flood during pre-monsoon. Speaking on the occasion, Senior Member of Board of Revenue (SMBR) Muhammad Aslam Kamboh directed all the district administrations to seek clearance of waterways of bridges and culverts from Pakistan Railways (PRs), National Highway Authority (NHA) and other concerned departments and to remove encroachments, especially on zamindari bunds. He further directed all the district administrations not only to issue clearance certificates but also to personally inspect the flood fighting equipment. INP

be disqualified who have no agenda of Kashmir’s freedom in their politics,” he warned. He urged PM Shahid Khaqan Abbasi to learn from the disqualification imposed on Sharif, asking him to help the innocent Kashmiris. “PM Abbasi should take a lesson from disqualification of Nawaz Sharif. If the rulers remained in ignorance, they will not only harm Kashmir but also Pakistan,” Saeed said. COUNTRYWIDE PROTESTS: Countrywide demonstrations were staged on Friday against the killings of innocent and unarmed Kashmiris on the call of JuD. Funeral prayers in absentia of Kashmiri martyrs were offered in different cities. Clerics delivered the Friday sermons on the Kashmir issue. Resolutions were also

passed against Indian state terrorism in the occupied valley. In Lahore, a big demonstration was staged at Chauburji Chowk against the massacre of unnamed Kashmiris. Students, traders, doctors, teachers and hundreds of people from all walks of life joined the protest. The JuD ameer called Kashmir freedom struggle a movement of protection and completion of Pakistan. He said, “The countrywide massive campaign would be launched to support Kashmiris and wide-ranging unity will be formed to pressurize rulers to raise voice for Kashmir internationally.” He accused India of worst cruelty and barbarity. “Kashmiri children are facing Indian Army with stones. It’s our duty to help Kashmiris.” Meanwhile, funeral prayers in absentia of Kashmiri martyrs were also offered in Gujranwala, Faisalabad, Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Karachi, Quetta, Peshawar, Muzaffarabad, Multan, Hyderabad, Mirpur, Kotli and other cities.

‘CPEC to provide opportunities for youth’ LAHORE Staff RePoRt

Provincial Minister for Excise and Taxation Mian Mujtaba Shuja-urRehman said on Friday that China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) project would open up a new avenue of opportunities for the young Pakistani students so as to play a vital role in the development of the country. “Studying diverse subjects like Computer Science, Engineering, Medicine etc., our students would consequently have a greater chance at the expanded job market due to CPEC. Moreover, collaboration with different public sector universities in Pakistan and China will also benefit our students at consolidating capabilities and capacity to exploit the new opportunities,” he expressed while addressing the concluding session of five-day training workshop under the subject “Skill Enhancing and Enabling Knowledge Harvest (SEEKH)” at FC College. The event was also addressed by Economic Science and Social Sciences Rector Joseph Son and other speakers. Rehman said that the CPEC is indeed the result of continuous hard work and political commitment of former premier Muhammad Nawaz Sharif who decided not to leave any stone unturned for the economic revival of the country. He said

that CPEC is a 75 billion dollar project having targets of the 3218-kilometre long route to be built over the next several years consisting of enhancing the operational efficiency of the Gwadar Port, construction of highways, motorways, railways and network of pipelines. He said that CPEC is being described as a great game-changer for Pakistan with over more than 200,000 Pakistanis and Chinese workers to ensure a sustainable mix of the two labour forces for essential transfer of skills. He further said, “With the number magnifying to 700,000 direct jobs and thousands more indirect ones will sustain even after the project is completed.” The minister said that the project would prop an era of educational excellence too, with an increased number of scholarships in different universities every year for Pakistani students in China. He said that the CPEC has the potential for regional inter-dependence and economic growth, stating, “As, when the economic dependency on each other grows, so does the bilateral relations, de-escalating tensions and mistrust.” "It is imperative that all the institutions of the country should work within their constitutional ambit, without trying to undermine others, as political stability alone can ensure internal security and provincial harmony," he suggested.


Saturday, 14 April, 2018

Woman killed in Jhelum over freewill marriage JHELUM Staff RePoRt

A woman has been killed by her family in Pind Dadan Khan district of Jhelum for contracting a freewill marriage. Shagufta, a resident of Jalalpur Sharif, sought to marry a man named Hussain.Upon her family’s refusal to allow her to wed the man of her choosing, Shagufta had run away to Hussain’s house. However, vowing to allow her to marry Hussain, Shagufta’s relatives brought her back home after a few days but strangled her to death upon return. After being informed of the incident, police took Shagufta’s body into custody and shifted it to a local hospital for post-mortem. Police officials said they will conduct further investigations into the matter after the post-mortem report is issued. Similarly, on April 7, a brother killed his eight months pregnant sister for contracting a marriage of her own will in Sindh’s Khairpur district.

UnPrecedented stePs in edUcation led to Positive resUlts, stresses cM LAHORE


Staff RePoRt

UNJAB Chief Minister Shehbaz Sharif said on Friday that unprecedented steps adopted in the field of education led to positive results, crediting Punjab Educational Endowment Fund (PEEF) for reducing the burden on brilliant students wishing to continue higher studies. “Lacs of students are benefitting from the achievements made in the field of education. The revolutionary steps have given the students from impecunious strata their right in shape of education and it is important to note that PEEF helped them. Deserving students can now continue their higher studies without being burdened,” he remarked at a political gathering in Lahore. He further stated that due to the PEEF, thousands of students were play-

SHEHBAZ SHARIF CREDITS PEEF FOR ALLOWING BRILLIANT STUDENTS TO CONTINUE HIGHER STUDIES ing their role in the practical arena after completing their education. “The government has distributed billions of rupees as educational stipends among the deserving students through PEEF and this opportunity has given them an opportunity to continue their studies,” he added. “It is sanguine that brilliant students of other provinces have also been included in this beneficial program and this has promoted national unity. If Almighty Allah accorded success in the next general elections, the scope of this educational fund will be spread throughout the country. As this program is in progress in Punjab, such educational stipend programs will also be started in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Sindh and Balochistan.”

Shehbaz calls off meeting with Indian HC amid LoC tensions LAHORE Staff RePoRt

Punjab Chief Minister Shehbaz Sharif on Friday cancelled his meeting with Indian High Commissioner Ajay Basariya as a protest against the increasing Indian atrocities in Indian occupied Kashmir (IoK). “Ajay Basariya had taken written approval for meeting the CM and the meeting was scheduled on Saturday, April 14,” said India’s Foreign Office, adding that due to the increasing tensions between the two countries Shehbaz had called off the meeting.

The Indian Embassy in Islamabad also confirmed that Basariya had to reach Lahore on Saturday on a threeday visit but since the meeting has now been cancelled, Basariya will now not be visiting the city. On Thursday, National Security Adviser (NSA) Nasser Khan Janjua said that India is trying to shift the focus from Kashmir issue by targeting innocent civilians along the Line of Control (LoC). Talking to Japanese Ambassador Takashi Kurai in Islamabad, he stressed that no human issue can be resolved by use of force alone and it should rather be resolved diplomatically and politi-

Commenting on the political rivals, the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) president said It is regretted to note that Zardari and Imran Khan were unable to start such beneficial programs for their students during the last five years. He went on, “Muslim League-N will further extend this program and Pakistan will be made a great and strong country according to the vision of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah.” Shehbaz Sharif was called on by provincial minister Hameeda Waheeduddin and former MNA and PML-N leader Sardar Ghulam Abbas. He said that national development, prosperity and public service are his agenda adding that people of Punjab and other parts of the country are very dear to

him. Political opponents have wasted precious time of the nation through their negative politics of sit-ins and lockdown and caused a great loss to the country for the sake of their personal interests. People will reject the elements in next elections that impeded the journey of development, he said. “Our performance is evident to the people and we shall go to them with our head high in the next elections.” He said the sagging economy was restored due to the solid economic policies of the government and credit of industrial development and economic reforms go to the PML-N government. He said that those who tried to obstruct the journey of development and prosperity remained unsuccessful as the so-called leader doing the politics of falsehood and allegations can never serve the country. The PML-N chief said, “The elements dreaming of making a new Pakistan spoken lies day and night and levelled baseless allegations.”

Safe bus stops for women inaugurated LAHORE INP

cally. The ambassador explained to NSA about the recent security developments in East Asia and told him about the stance of North Korea and its willingness to normalise relations with the US and the regional countries, through dialogue.

Women Development Department (WDD) on Friday inaugurated Safe Bus Stops for women in a bid to promote their protection and end harassment at public places. Secretary of WDD Bushra Aman said on Friday that the Punjab government initiated a number of welfare-oriented steps for the protection of the women, adding that it had also provided a conducive at-

mosphere for the women to play their proactive role in the national development. The WDD Secretary expressed these views while addressing the inaugural ceremony of Safe Bus Stops for Women at Model Town Bus Stop on Friday. The ceremony was held with the active collaboration of Lahore Transport Company (LTC) and UNWOMEN. Acting Chief Executive of LTC Ms Maryam Khawar and Ms Hooriya Syeda of UNWOMEN also spoke on the occasion.


Saturday, 14 April, 2018

RENEwEd hopE aFTER IsRaEl, palEsTINE REach RaRE compRomIsE aT UNEsco NEw YORk



IPLOMATS at UNESCO are hailing a possible breakthrough on longstanding Israeli-Arab tensions at the U.N. cultural agency. Israel's ambassador to UNESCO said the mood was “like a wedding” after member nations signed off on a rare compromise resolution Thursday on “Occupied Palestine.” The document is still quite critical of Israel, notably its actions in Jerusalem and Gaza. But Israeli Ambassador Carmel Shama-Hacohen told The Associated Press that diplomats agreed to move the most controversial language to a non-binding annex and avoided a contentious vote. The compromise, worked out in months of painstaking negotiations, was largely technical. But it was an unusual example of Mideast cooperation at UNESCO, which Israel has long seen as biased toward Arab nations especially since it admitted Palestine as a member in 2011. Other diplomats said they hope the compromise encourages the U.S. and Israel to reconsider their decision to quit UNESCO at the end of this year. “It means that the spirit of dialogue is not broken,” UNESCO Director General Audrey Azoulay told The Associated Press. Since taking over in November, Azoulay has been working to clean up the agency's reputation and shore up a budget gutted by geopolitical disputes. The relief and optimism at UNESCO's Paris headquarters after Thursday's meeting were a far cry from the hostility that has for decades soured its discussions on Israel and the Palestinian territories, and hampered the agency's efforts to protect cultural heritage or promote peace through school projects in the region. The enthusiasm over what on the surface seems like a minor move is a reflection of the very low expectations for Israeli-Palestinian cooperation in the current climate. The UNESCO negotiations notably hit trouble as deadly confrontations erupted in Gaza in recent weeks, said diplomats involved, who were not authorized to be publicly named discussing the closed-door negotiations. The Palestinian, Israeli, Jordanian, U.S. and European Union delegations negotiated the compromise resolution, along with representatives of UNESCO leadership. They notably decided to limit the official “Occupied Palestine” resolution to three short paragraphs, and attach

multiple pages of complaints about Israeli policies and Arab claims on Jerusalem in an annex, which is made public but is not binding. And then they agreed to adopt it by consensus instead of a public vote. “I'm more than happy” with the outcome, the Israeli ambassador said. “Confrontation is not the way. Nothing will be changed in Jerusalem or in Gaza by forcing Israel into a corner.” The annex notably criticizes Israeli actions in east Jerusalem, captured by

Israel in the 1967 Mideast war and claimed by the Palestinians as their capital. East Jerusalem is home to the city's most sensitive Jewish, Christian and Muslim holy sites. Time and again, past UNESCO resolutions infuriated Israel, notably with language seen as denying Jewish ties to Jerusalem, or referring to sites that are holy to Jews and Muslims solely as Palestinian. Mounir Anastas, the Palestinians' alternate permanent delegate to UNESCO, welcomed “so many efforts

from all concerned parties and different delegations in order to enhance the dialogue and to reach a consensus.” But he urged progress on the ground, notably allowing UNESCO delegations to visit historic sites in Jerusalem, allowing Palestinian youth groups into Jerusalem for education programs, and protection for media covering protests in Gaza. The U.S. delegation said it “warmly welcomes the progress demonstrated here” and praised the “constructive spirit,” but wouldn't comment on whether it could lead to a rethink of the pending U.S. withdrawal. The U.S. stopped paying its UNESCO dues after Palestine joined in 2011 but continues to participate in agency activities for now. President Donald Trump announced in October that the U.S. would pull out at the end of 2018 because of perceived anti-Israel bias. Israel followed suit. Asked Thursday whether Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's government could now reconsider, Shama-Hacohen said, “it's possible.” “UNESCO should be a bridge, especially in periods like we have now,” he said. The resolution announced Thursday is expected to be approved at UNESCO's full plenary next week.

NEW PROTESTS, CLASHES ON GAZA-ISRAEL BORDER AFTER DEADLY VIOLENCE GAZA BORDER AGENCIES Clashes erupted as thousands gathered for a third consecutive Friday of mass protests along Gaza's border with Israel after violence in which Israeli forces have killed 33 Palestinians and wounded hundreds of others. Limited clashes between stone-throwing Palestinians and Israeli soldiers took place in at least two areas along the border, AFP reporters said, with larger protests expected after Friday prayers. At least eight Palestinians were wounded, the health ministry in Gaza said, with one shot in the head. Most were injured east of Gaza City, but two were hurt in clashes near AlBureij in central Gaza. Many protesters left for midday prayers but larger numbers are expected to gather in five spots along the border on Friday afternoon. In northern Gaza, a large Israeli flag was burned that had earlier been set

on the ground for protesters to walk over. The protests since March 30 have posed a challenge to Israel, which has dismissed criticism of its use of live fire, saying its rules of engagement are necessary and will not change. Organisers were calling on Friday's demonstrators to burn Israeli flags and raise Palestinian ones. In the northern Gaza Strip, Sumaya Abu Awad, 36, attended the protest with her three daughters and son. "I am from the village of Hiribya and it is my right to return to it," she said, referring to a village north of Gaza destroyed in the 1948 war surrounding Israel's creation. "I am not afraid of death because there is no life in Gaza already." Last week, protesters burned mounds of tyres, sending plumes of smoke into the air in the border area. Israeli soldiers used large fans in a bid to push the smoke away. The protests, planned to last six weeks, are calling for Palestinian refugees to return to their former

homes that are now inside Israel — which Israelis say essentially amounts to calling for the country's destruction. The first two Fridays — with far less on intervening days — saw tens of thousands gather near the border with Israel at five locations. Israel accuses Hamas, the movement that runs Gaza and with whom it has fought three wars since 2008, of using the protests as cover to carry out violence. It has pledged to stop attacks, damage to the fence and infiltration bids, and says there have been attempts at all three. But Palestinians say protesters are being shot while posing no threat to soldiers, and UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and the European Union have called for an independent investigation. The dead from last Friday included a journalist, Yasser Murtaja, who witnesses said was wearing a press vest at the time he was shot. Israel claimed he was a paid member of Hamas, but produced no evidence.

National Enquirer paid $30,000 for story on alleged Trump love child NEw YORk AGENCIES

Tabloid newspaper the National Enquirer paid $30,000 to a former doorman at Trump Tower who claimed Donald Trump had a secret love child with his housekeeper, according to a report first published by The New Yorker on Thursday. The New Yorker said it had found no evidence to back up the claim by doorman Dino Sajudin that Trump fathered the child, a girl, who would today be aged 29. But the editor-in-chief of the National Enquirer Dylan Howard later acknowledged the payment in an article published by celebrity news site Radar Online, which is owned by the same parent group, American Media Inc (AMI). AMI confirmed the payment when contacted by AFP. Citing numerous anonymous sources within AMI, New Yorker writer Ronan Farrow said that after buying the exclusive rights to the story, the National Enquirer decided to bury it in order to protect Trump in the run-up to the 2016 election, a practice known as “catch-and-kill”. AMI denied the charge, and said it chose not to publish the story because it was not credible. The New Yorker added that sources within AMI said they believed catch-and-kill operations had cemented a “partnership” between Trump and David Pecker, the group's CEO. In February, The New Yorker published a story on an alleged relationship between Trump and former Playboy model Karen McDougal, who says she received $150,000 from the Enquirer in August 2016 in return for her story, which also went unpublished.

Fresh rape allegations levelled against Islamic scholar Tariq Ramadan SwitZERlAND AGENCIES

Prominent Islamic scholar Tariq Ramadan, who is in French detention over several rape allegations, is facing a new accusation of rape, this time in Switzerland, a Swiss daily reported Friday. A Swiss woman is pressing criminal charges against Ramadan, 55, alleging he raped her and held her against her will for several hours in a Geneva hotel room a decade ago, the Tribune de Geneve (TdG) daily reported. When contacted by AFP, the woman's lawyer Romain Jordan confirmed that criminal charges had been filed in Geneva on Friday, but said he did not want to make any further comments at this stage. “We are confident in our case,” he said. The alleged victim, who was not identified, is not the first to accuse Ramadan. The prominent TV pundit and Oxford University professor, whose grandfather founded Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood movement, was detained by a French court in February over charges that he raped two Muslim women in France. A third woman has since made further allegations of rape.

Trump ran White House like a 'mob boss', says ex-FBI chief James Comey wAShiNGtON AGENCIES

Former FBI director James Comey says in a new book that President Donald Trump reminded him of a mafia boss who demanded absolute loyalty, saw the entire world against him, and lied about everything. According to excerpts of the book leaked by US media on Thursday, Trump was also obsessed with the alleged existence of a video in which Russian prostitutes said to be hired by Trump urinated on the bed in a Moscow hotel room. In the book to be released officially next Tuesday, Comey, whom Trump fired in May 2017, says the US president lives in "a cocoon of alternative reality" that he tried to pull others around him into, according to The Washington Post. Meetings with Trump gave Comey "flashbacks to my earlier career as a prosecutor against the Mob", he writes. "The silent circle of assent. The boss in

complete control. The loyalty oaths. The usversus-them worldview. The lying about all things, large and small, in service to some code of loyalty that put the organisation above morality and above the truth." But Comey goes farther to say that Trump, congenitally, has no sense of what is right and wrong. "This president is unethical, and untethered to truth and institutional values," he writes, according to The New York Times. "His leadership is transactional, ego driven and about personal loyalty." 'A HigHer LoyALty' The book, entitled "A Higher Loyalty: Truth, Lies and Leadership", has triggered worries now rippling through the White House and Republican establishment over the damage it might do to the already deeply troubled Trump presidency. The White House has sought to cast doubts about Comey's reputation: the Republican Party this week put up a website called "Lyin' Comey" to undermine the

book. But among both Republicans and Democrats in Washington's establishment, the reputation of Comey — who has served in the FBI under three presidents — is much stronger than his book's target. Last year, Comey revealed that Trump had pressured him to drop an investigation into Mike Flynn, the US leader's former national security advisor, and also demanded a loyalty pledge. Getting neither, the president fired Comey on May 9, complaining of the ongoing investigation into possible Trump campaign-Russia ties. A week later the Justice Department appointed a special prosecutor Robert Mueller, who has doggedly pursued the probe as well as possible obstruction of justice by Trump. He has issued 19 indictments so far, including of top Trump lieutenants. But "A Higher Loyalty" shares little new about the Russia investigation, with Comey bound to respect the classified na-

ture of the Mueller investigation that Trump just this week labeled "fake & corrupt". SougHt 'pee tApe' inveStigAtion: According to the New York Post, Comey says Trump was obsessed with the "pee tape", the existence of which was first reported by a former British intelligence agent who researched alleged links between Trump's campaign and Russia. Trump asked Comey to investigate "what he called the 'golden showers thing'" Comey writes, saying Trump was determined to prove to his wife Melania that it did not exist. "He just rolled on, unprompted, explaining why it couldn't possibly be true, ending by saying he was thinking of asking me to investigate the allegation to prove it was a lie." At one point, Trump discussed the political implications of the dossier and possible strategies while intelligence community leaders remained in the room, wrote Comey, according to

ABC News which also obtained a copy of the book. "Holy crap," Comey wrote. "They are trying to make each of us an 'amica nostra' – a friend of ours. To draw us in. As crazy as it sounds, I suddenly had the feeling that, in the blink of an eye, the president-elect was trying to make us all part of the same family." Trump returned to the matter in a call to attempt to prove why it could not be true. "I'm a germaphobe. There's no way I would let people pee on each other around me," he insisted. But Trump's concern over the alleged video extended to the numerous sex scandals that have dogged him over decades as a New York real estate tycoon — and have returned to haunt him in the White House. In the past year two women, one a pornographic film star and the second a Playboy model, have said they were paid off to be silent about affairs they had with Trump over a decade ago while he was married to his current wife Melania.


Saturday, 14 April, 2018

sTRIkEs agaINsT syRIa: whaT possIblE ImpacTs? PARiS


Trump in April 2017 after a sarin gas attack — heavier, targeted raids and a major operation to secure regime change. Michel Duclos, former French ambassador in Syria and special advisor at the Montaigne Institute think tank, told AFP: "You have to hit hard enough to make sense but not too much not provoke an escalation, or create a misunderstanding about exactly what you want." If the strikes are aimed at destroying the chemical capabilities of the regime, as suggested by Macron, "we can go very far", Duclos said, warning against oneoff strikes. WHAt poLitiCAL effeCt? The West still hopes for a return to the negotiating table and a dialogue with Russia over the crisis, despite a downturn in relations after former Russian spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter was found poisoned in England. Russia denies any involvement while London blames Moscow. Ziad Majed, political scientist at the American University of Paris, said: "If


ESTERN strikes against the Syrian regime in retaliation for the use of chemical weapons could affect Bashar al-Assad's military apparatus and push Russia to return to the negotiating table, but also spark tensions in the region, according to experts. US President Donald Trump has been weighing his military options, British Prime Minister Theresa May held an emergency cabinet meeting and French leader Emmanuel Macron said one of his aims in Syria was to "remove the regime's chemical attack capabilities." WHAt MiLitAry iMpACt? Depending on the strength of the strikes, Bashar al-Assad's regime could be deterred from resorting to chemical weapons in the future. The difficulty lies in finding the right balance between a symbolic strike — like that launched by

the strikes are large-scale and the Russians understand that the West is steadfast... there may be a political dynamic to find a compromise." WHAt geopoLitiCAL riSKS? Plans for Western strikes should carefully avoid Russian troops stationed in Syria to avoid any risk of military escalation with Moscow. However, in an increasingly complex conflict involving many foreign players, "Western strikes also risk playing into a regional war that is centred on Iran," warned Julien Barnes-Dacey from the European Council on Foreign Relations in London. Israel is determined to prevent any lasting military settlement of Iranians in Syria and has already conducted operations against Iranian positions in the country. "Israel, Saudi Arabia, and even elements within the US government are likely to try and use this situation to push Trump to assume a more forceful position against Iran on the ground in Syria," Barnes-Dacey added.

China continues to enjoy upper hand in bilateral trade with US BEijiNG AGENCIES

China's trade surplus with the United States surged by a fifth in the first three months of the year with Beijing calling on Washington Friday to be patient as tensions between the economic superpowers simmer. Fears of a trade war have been rumbling since last month as President Donald Trump has threatened a series of tariffs on hundreds of billions of dollars of Chinese goods, sparking tit-fortat warnings from Beijing. The stand-off lies in the Trump administration's ire at the massive trade imbalance and what it considers unfair practices by China that he says are costing American jobs. President Xi Jinping's vow this week to cut tariffs in some sectors, and Trump's warm response, have calmed some concerns — but a vast gulf in expectations remains between the two nations. The latest data showed China con-

tinues to benefit from the two-way trade. Its surplus with the US rose 19.4 percent on-year to $58 billion in January-March, with exports up 14.8 percent and imports 8.9 percent higher, according to a spokesman for the customs administration. However, for March the surplus fell to $15.4 billion from February's $21 billion, while it was also down from $17.7 billion 12 months ago. China registered a rare deficit of $4.98 billion with the rest of the world last month owing to seasonal factors such as the Lunar New Year holiday. China's global exports fell 2.7 percent for the month, while imports grew 14.4 percent -- the early year hiccup in exports is normal with the long holiday disruptions, analysts say. Against the backdrop of recent tensions, customs administration spokesman Huang Songping repeated China's line that it is not looking for an advantage over its trading partners. “We don't strive for a favourable balance of trade (for China), the current state of trade affairs are shaped by the

market,” he told a briefing in Beijing. “We hope that the US will listen patiently to rational and pragmatic voices on the trade balance issue.” He reiterated that China does not want a trade war, saying “this trade friction is not conducive to China's interests, nor is it conducive to the interests of the US”. 'run out of buLLetS' After Trump unveiled another set of planned tariffs last Friday, Xi this week struck a conciliatory note, promising to cut tariffs on cars -- a key point of US anger - and other imports, as well as further open up the economy. Xi “said he's going to open up China. He's going to open it up, take down a lot of the trade barriers - maybe all of them”, Trump told lawmakers on Thursday. However, Chinese officials have in recent days repeated that the two sides were not negotiating on the issue. The US has not “shown the sincerity needed for negotiations”, commerce ministry spokesman Gao Feng said Thursday. Trump has portrayed the

RUssIa says syRIa chEmIcal aTTack 'sTagEd' wITh hElp oF FoREIgN sEcRET sERvIcE MOSCOW: Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov on Friday said Moscow had “irrefutable” evidence that an alleged chemical weapons attack in Syria was staged with the help of a foreign secret service. “We have irrefutable evidence that this was another staged event, and that the secret services of a certain state that is now at the forefront of a Russophobic campaign was involved in this staged event,” he said during a press conference. According to Syrian medics and a statement by the World Health Organisation, more than 40 people died in an April 7 strike on the former rebel outpost of Douma of symptoms consistent with the use of chemical weapons. The US and its allies believe the Syrian regime was behind the attack, but Russia has long insisted it was staged by rebels in an attempt to provoke further Western intervention. AGENCIES

issue in a more favourable light. “Again, we're doing really well with China. I think we're having some great discussions,” he told the gathering of lawmakers in Washington, though he repeated that the US would win a trade war between the two sides. “When you're $500 billion down, you can't lose a trade war,” he said. “We put a $50 billion tariff on, and then we put $100 billion tariff on. And, you know, at a certain point, they run out of bullets.” During Trump's first year in office the surplus reached record highs -- $375 billion by US counting, or $276 billion according to Chinese data. So far the large threats wielded by both sides have not been implemented. Only $3 billion in goods have been slapped with tariffs in the escalating spat -- the US targeted steel and aluminium while China took aim at pork and wine among a slew of other American products. Trade between the two nations remained strong in the first quarter, with bilateral exchanges rising 13 percent to $142 billion. But the threatened tariffs would dent economic growth on both sides of the Pacific, analysts say. “The implications of such a wide-ranging tariff war would be significant,” said economists at Fitch Ratings, adding that the levies could pull down gross domestic product by two percentage points over two years.

EU urges Facebook to 'cooperate fully' in data scandal BRUSSElS AGENCIES

pence to meet canada's Trudeau at americas summit in lima wAShiNGtON AGENCIES

US Vice President Mike Pence will meet on Saturday with Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau on the sidelines of the Summit of the Americas in Lima, Peru, a White House official said on Thursday. The meeting comes amid efforts to renegotiate the North America Free Trade Agreement. US President Donald Trump said earlier on Thursday the talks were “coming along great” and “we’re getting pretty close to a deal.” Trump had been scheduled to attend the Americas summit but decided this week to send Pence instead so he could remain in the United States to focus on formulating a US response to a suspected chemical weapons attack in Syria last weekend.

The European Commission on Thursday called on Facebook to “cooperate fully” with investigators into the scandal over the harvesting of personal data of millions of users which were then shared with the British political consultancy, Cambridge Analytica. Facebook has admitted up to 2.7 million people in the EU may have been caught in the scandal. And last week the EU had said that its justice commissioner, Vera Jourova, would hold phone talks with Facebook's chief operating officer Sheryl Sandberg to discuss what the company is doing to address the breach, which may have affected 87 million people around the world. Confirming that a telephone conversation took place earlier on Thursday, Jourova said that she “urged Facebook to fully cooperate with the European investigators, also on the highest level from the company.” The discussion with Sandberg had been “constructive and open”, Jourova said.

“I have asked a number of questions on the Cambridge Analytica case. Of my particular concern is the information to European citizens affected by the scandal.” She had been told that Facebook had started to inform people “this week”, the commissioner continued. “I urged Facebook to take all the necessary steps to mitigate any potential negative consequences for the users in the future. I was informed that Facebook is planning an extensive audit on all those apps, but that it will take a long time,” Jourova said. And she said she had advised


that Facebook chief, Mark Zuckerberg, “should accept the invitation to the European Parliament”. The scandal comes amid growing concern in Europe about the use online companies make of their customers' personal data and the spread of “fake news” on the web. There are also particular worries about Russian meddling in European elections by spreading disinformation and discord through social media. Jourova said that she and Sandberg had “also discussed the broader issue on the impact on democratic processes and future elections”.

anger in India over two rapes puts government in bind NEw DElhi AGENCIES

Mounting outrage over two rapes, one in occupied Kashmir and another allegedly involving a lawmaker from Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s party, gripped India on Friday, with government ministers struggling to dampen political fires. Opposition leader Rahul Gandhi held a candlelit vigil at India Gate in New Delhi, the same site where thousands of people demonstrated in 2012 against a brutal gangrape in the capital. “Like millions of Indians, my heart hurts tonight,” Gandhi wrote on Twitter after addressing an estimated 5,000 people at Thursday’s midnight vigil. “India simply cannot continue to treat its women the way it does.” Modi has yet to speak out on the rapes, which have drawn conflicted responses among the lower ranks of his own Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). Horrifying details of the alleged gang rape and murder of an eight-year-old Muslim girl, Asifa, in a Hindu-dominated area of Jammu and Kashmir state in January, emerged this week from a police charge sheet. The BJP shares power in the state, where party members joined a rally to show support for eight Hindu men accused of the crime, including a former bureaucrat and four police officers. “Yet again we’ve failed as a society,” Bollywood actor Akshay Kumar said in a Twitter message. “Can’t think straight as more chilling details on little Asifa’s case emerge...her innocent face refuses to leave me. Justice must be served, hard and fast!” Amid fears the case could escalate unrest, Kashmiri resistance leader Mirwaiz Umar Farooq vowed to launch an agitation if any attempt was made to shield culprits or sabotage investigations. “It is a criminal act and perpetrators of the crime should be punished,” he added. Thousands of Kashmiris joined street protests in Srinagar this week, following the death of four protesters in a clash with security forces. In the crime-ridden northern state of Uttar Pradesh, federal police on Friday began questioning a BJP member of the state legislature who is accused of raping a teenage woman in June. Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath, a rising star in the party, asked the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) to take over the case this week after the state’s police were heavily criticised for not acting sooner on the victim’s complaint. A CBI spokesman said the lawmaker, Kuldeep Singh Sengar, was being questioned on Friday, but had not been arrested. Sengar’s lawyer has said his client was innocent and the case was a conspiracy to harm his political career. Ministers have insisted that justice will be done no matter who committed the crime, while defending the government’s record on fighting violence against women.


Saturday, 14 April, 2018

Accept, do not separate

The die is cast Nawaz permanently out of politics


awaz Sharif was disqualified on the basis of a technicality centered around the definition of the word ‘asset’. Even imran Khan, one of Sharif’s strongest opponents, had maintained that the judiciary had delivered a weak judgment based on iqama. Many had hoped therefore that the Supreme Court would pass a lighter judgment while determining the period of Sharif’s disqualification. another reason for entertaining the hope was that a permanent disqualification would deprive both Sharif and Jahangir Tarin of their fundamental right under article 17 of the constitution to form or be a member of a political party. The SC has however disqualified both for life under article 62(1)(f) introduced in the Constitution by military ruler ziaul haq. as long as the judgment holds the two will remain political outcasts. article 62(1)(f) was not a part of the original constitution adopted in 1973 through a national consensus but was inserted into it by military ruler ziaul haq. The political parties had an opportunity to strike down the ignominious insertion when they were formulating the 18th amendment. The PPP had in fact suggested to delete or modify the article which contained vague, imprecise and controversial terms. The PML-N however strongly opposed the suggestion as it did not want to alienate the religious lobby which was its ally. Political exigencies have thus led the PML-N to dire straits. The party’s travails are also the outcome of its denigration of Parliament. instead of agreeing to settle the Panamagate issue in Parliament, as suggested by the Opposition, it insisted on taking it to the SC. Disregarding opposition from the PPP, the PML-N also happily accepted the JiT formed by the SC. what remains to be seen is whether the PML-N can sustain itself without Nawaz Sharif as its President. The PPP survived the shock of Bhutto’s hanging and rallied around Benazir. while the party might have lost effective presence in other provinces after Benazir, it continues to rule Sindh despite efforts from several quarters including former President Pervez Musharraf to isolate it. The forthcoming elections would test the PML-N’s mettle.

Why not an inclusive policy for transgenders?

sHabana maHfooz


No room for complacency Successes against terrorism should be made irreversible


hE nation has undergone horrific experiences and witnessed bad times during the protracted war on terror, but the resilience of the people and unstinted sacrifices of its military have successfully seen it through the hard times. The overall regional security situation, however, still remains in a state of flux, and it would be naïve and even dangerous to relax our vigilance or lower our guard at this stage. On the contrary, what is required is closing of ranks and harmoniously carrying forward the recent hard won gains to their logical conclusion, that is, on the path of peace, stability and prosperity. Parts of KP and faTa region in particular have borne the brunt of the fighting, the affected people have suffered upheaval, dislocation and the most terrible deprivations, and deserve to be treated with the utmost respect, kindness and sympathy. however, some recent disturbing trends have made the COaS speak his mind about the army viewpoint and how things are panning out in the tribal areas. The COaS highlighted the mainstreaming of faTa and ongoing efforts towards unexploded ordnance clearance. he vowed to protect innocent citizens and the motherland, and expressed his optimism that Pakistan was now out of the woods. But he also warned of engineered protests. what remains intriguing is that while one type of protests are being considered engineered, there is no mention of others by certain religious zealots who had been blocking traffic arteries in Lahore for days through recourse to violent means and had brought interprovincial traffic to a virtual standstill on Thursday through recourse to force. as before the TLYr was placated instead of being branded. There is a need to realise that there cannot be good extremists as there cannot be good terrorists. all types of terrorists and extremists have to be dealt with an iron hand but there should be talks with protestors who remain peaceful. This alone can bring about national unity required to deal with the plans of the country’s enemies.

Dedicated to the legacy of the late Hameed Nizami

Arif Nizami Editor Aziz-ud-Din Ahmad

Umar Aziz

Asher John

Joint Editor

Executive Editor

Deputy Editor

Lahore – Ph: 042-36300938, 042-36375965


fTEr years of persecution, ridicule and an identity crisis, transgenders in Pakistan now seem to be making a mark in the society. while one recently made history and gained an overnight global fame by becoming the first transgender newscaster in the country, others will soon have access to a school which would cater to the community. Giving them ‘exclusive’ rights, however, by means of creating separate institutions may not be the kind of acceptance third genders seek in Pakistan. Transgenders or Hijras as known locally, have since long been mocked at, harassed, or termed as a source of embarrassment in the country. They would be shunned by their parents and forced to escape a ‘normal’ society and live in seclusion with others like themselves, burdened with a physical deformity, not self created but destined by fate. They usually are unable to seek education, at least not higher and employment. Thus, the most common image of a transgender which comes to one’s mind in Pakistan is that of an effeminate man, heavily made up and gaudily dressed, coaxing commuters to give alms during the brief interval between red and green traffic lights. The other role normally associated to them is of cheap entertainment at weddings and other festive occasions, where they dance to the tune of popular beats. a worse occupation for them is that of prostitution, which they succumb to after accepting the harsh reality that it may be the only source for them to earn a means of living.

it is for this latter role that they have been subjected to discrimination, dishonour and even physical torture, sometimes leading to death. Extremists often associate all transgenders with homosexuality and prostitution – both morally unacceptable in the Pakistani society. in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province alone, 55 transgender people have been killed in recent years and hundreds more assaulted, according to farzana Jan, the president of Trans action alliance, a local rights group. in 2016, a 23-year-old activist named alisha was shot seven times and left to bleed to death in a Peshawar hospital as the staff argued over whether they should take alisha to the men’s ward or women’s ward. During this time, men asked for her friend’s phone number to invite her to a dance party. with members from both transgenders and civil rights community protesting against such attitudes, the situation has slowly begun to improve in Pakistan. in 2009, the Supreme Court in a landmark ruling stated that as citizens transgenders were entitled to the equal benefits and protection of the law and called upon the government to take steps to protect them from discrimination and harassment. Last year the Lahore high Court ordered the government to include transgender people in the national census while a Senate committee approved the Transgender Person (Protection of rights) Bill 2017, which would give transgender people full legal protection. it also provides for a clear definition of transgender and provides them relief in case of need of medical and other facilities. in yet another step, a school for the education and vocational training of Pakistan’s transgender community is set to open this month in Lahore. The school will offer academic education from the primary level to matriculation and then leading up to college. it will also impart technical education, such as fashion designing, beautician and hair styling courses, graphic designing, computer and mobile repairing, among others. Two more such schools are to be established in islamabad and Karachi. while the step is commendable, it overlooks a flaw which may result in separatist or worse, discriminatory attitudes towards the third gender. when we say that we are opening a separate school for transgenders, we are separating them from ourselves. Even if the cause is noble, we

are sending out a message that we need to create a separate space for transgenders. if more such schools open, inclusive schools for others may reject admission to a third gender child, claiming that there are separate schools available for them. if we don’t accept them as a part of our society in childhood, how will we accept them as adults in professional fields? an extremist mind may say: Make separate hospitals, restaurants, work places etc for transgenders. One day, some one might say that we accept them as members of society and acknowledge their rights, as long as they don’t mingle with us and go their own separate ways. what should be done, instead, is to encourage their inclusion in all setups. Educational institutions should be instructed to accommodate transgenders along with boys and girls, and any harassment against them should be discouraged. hospitals should ensure that they receive medical treatment and not suffer a fate like alisha. workplaces should be encouraged to accept a third gender candidate if eligible for a certain position, just like Marvia Malik was able to first walk on the ramp as a model and later join a news channel as an anchor. when we as feminists ask for equality, we demand that there should be no discrimination among men and women. women are capable of performing tasks and feats a well as men. in Pakistan, women are now riding bikes, trucks and planes. we urge men not to look upon them as the fairer sex, but as an equal member of the society and as a human being. Then why do the men and women look at the third sex as different? in february this year, a group of 40 transgender people joined Pakistan’s biggest Boy Scouts group based in Karachi. atif amin hussain, the commissioner of the iPC Sindh Boys Scouts, had said that the association was ‘open to all, without distinction of origin, race or creed’. This is the attitude we should adopt towards men, women and transgenders alike. Member of the third sex is a person whose soul is in conflict with its body. They are tormented by a lack of definition, which no language offers: a transgender is neither a he nor a she. we should accept God’s will, just as they do. if we free them from a separatist attitude, they may find some solace. Shabana Mahfooz is a freelance contributor

Freedom of criticism To what extent? Humza RasHid


EMBErS of Parliament have long lost their way in achieving power and have started to hurl threats on state institutions. On one side, the ruling party has tried to bring judiciary to ridicule for which they rightly face contempt charge as per article 204 of the Constitution. On the other side, the leader of another political party, with eager political flight has lost all the patience and balance. On 17.01.2018, imran Khan cursed the Parliament, a state institution of and for people of Pakistan through their chosen representatives. Mr imran Khan has not cursed the Parliament but this beloved country and its people who have voted for their chosen representatives. all private channels kept running the video which drew strong criticism from people from all walks of life, yet silence and inaction on part of speaker National assemble or PEMra is of great concern. imran Khan as member of the same Parliament enjoying all perks and privileges while referring to approval of Election act 2017, which matter was than sub-judice before honorable Supreme Court of Pakistan, cursed and flouted the dignity of Parliament. Not to forget that previously, Mr Khan advanced the word ‘shameful (Sharamnaak)’ to Election Commission and judiciary and was called for contempt by Supreme Court of Pakistan in case reported as PLD 2014 Supreme Court 367, however, he conveniently escaped by seeking unconditional apology from the honorable Court. article 19 of the Constitution guarantees the freedom of Speech. however, it does not license any person to sabotage the integrity of state institutions and freedom of speech is subject to such restrictions as could be legitimately imposed under the law. article 19, is reproduced Karachi – Ph: 021-35381208-9 I

been mercilessly violated. rule 30 of the rules 2007 ibid are reproduced verbatim for assistance: “30. Conduct of members while present in the Assembly.… (k) shall not act to erode the sanity of the house or act in manner which lowers the dignity of the house. herein below:Even otherwise, every member while taking “Every citizen shall have the right to freedom of speech and expression and there shall be oath as member of National assembly declares freedom of the press, subject to any reasonable on oath that he shall “bear true faith and allerestrictions imposed by law in the interest of the giance to Pakistan and uphold the sovereignty glory of Islam or the Integrity, security or de- and integrity of Pakistan.”. Same declaration on fence of Pakistan or any part thereof, friendly re- oath was made by imran Khan and his ally yet lations with foreign States, public order, decency they have become fearlessly contemptuous in or morality, or in relation to contempt of Court, complete disregard of this declaration to the pivotal institution of Pakistan. defamation or incitement to an offence”. Parliament is one of the three major pillars of in a democratic system, freedom of state whilst constitution speech/expression and and its preamble believes freedom of press are esin trichotomy of all three sential requirements. pillars; Executive, Judicihowever, perusal of artiParliament is one of the ary and Parliament. Needcle 19 makes it absolutely to mention that clear that the above right is three major pillars of state less Speaker of house as per not absolute but subject to vested scheme of Constireasonable restrictions imwhilst constitution and its tution not only adminisposed by law. reasonable ters the Session of classification is always preamble believes in National assembly but is permissible and law pertrichotomy of all three also empowered to hold mits so. But in the light of members of the National article 19, nobody is alpillars; Executive, assembly accountable for lowed to ridicule, disretheir action not just in the spect or defame any Judiciary and Parliament Parliament but also otherperson or institution. wise. however, in the any unconstitutional present case neither house act with intent to bring inor its Joint Sitting or Comtegrity of Pakistan or its institutions to disrespect squarely falls under the mittee took action against imran Khan or his ally. in Pakistan, respect of the Parliament is often provision of treason as enshrined under article understood narrowly. But it is relevant to note 6 of the Constitution. That members of parliament enjoy certain that Parliament is formulated over chosen repreprivileges and immunities for their acts per- sentatives of the people. any disrespectful reformed in or outside the parliament, thus if stern marks about the parliament are remarks directly action in peculiar circumstances is not taken attributed to people of Pakistan who voted for against these busybodies, this mischievous cul- their chosen representatives. Cursing and disrespecting state institutions ture shall have never ending detrimental effect on image and dignity of Parliament. it is signif- is not acceptable for any patriot, honest, or reicant to mention here that as per National assem- spectable citizen. bly rules vis. Rules Of Procedure And Conduct Humza Rashid is a lawyer based in Lahore Of Business In National Assembly 2007, to which each member is bound to comply, have and can be reached at

Islamabad – Ph: 051-2204545





Saturday, 14 April, 2018

COMMENT 11 Editor’s mail Strengthening of ties

Send your letters to: Letters to Editor, Pakistan Today, 4-Shaarey Fatima Jinnah, Lahore, Pakistan. E-mail: Letters should be addressed to Pakistan Today exclusively

Uneasy lies the head that wears a Mazari-hat

United Nations Declaration of human rights UNhDr, it is pertinent for the government to ensure the removal of land mines, as soon as the conflict is over. while it can be said that the conflict is far from over, the rehabilitation of internally Displaced Persons (iDPs) and the merger of faTa into KP requires the area to be at least safe for settlement. how is it that the right to justice, removal of ethnic profiling, and the right to safety are being described as foreign concepts? Perhaps they are foreign to us as a nation. Perhaps we’re so accusextrajudicial killing of a 27 year old Pashtun, tomed to seeing political lobbying for everything Naqeebullah Mehsud. that the thought of extending citizen rights bafManzoor Pashteen has given the movement fles our minds. The Pashtuns have firmly withan indigenous flavour; his Mazari-hat is a sym- stood along the armed forces and the state bol of Pashtun identity, and the Pashtun youth apparatus for every actionable and unaccounted are now identifying with the hat in a new way – for activities as a part of the Global war on Terit’s been labelled as the Pashteen hat. rorism, what they want now is merely a reassurConstitutional rights ance from the state that their rights be given. it The use of symbols and the local language is about time! highlights the local nature of this movement. But Linking their Mazari-hats to having origins then there are agendas, and these run deep. The in afghanistan, beyond cultural linkages, is misPTM has categorised their leading and an instigator concerns in four broad catfor not rendering any citegories; i) Justice to be izenship to our own peoserved in Naqeebullah’s ple. These are our case, ii) Ending discrimiPashtuns, and their deEver since the nation against tribal peomands for the provision ple, iii) recovery of of their basic rights are as government of Pakistan RemsHay aHmed missing persons, and iv) relevant as any other vioremoval of land mines lent-provoking mafia in decided to become a from tribal areas. Now, this country. why is it that ‘frontline state’ against the we always entertain those hE capital has been roaring for some anyone who would read time now. Droves of people have laid into these demands would groups where we fear a Global War on Terrorism, besiege and plagued the state’s institu- label these as the provibacklash in the form of tion for one political gain or the other. sion of basic human religious-based militancy, these are the people who however, what’s been motivating the rights, but not in Pakistan. but ignore those where The first demand, case Mazari-hat crowd in islamabad and now in Peour chances of creating a cleared the way for of rao anwar, is being shawar is another story altogether. favourable nation-buildTo call this civilised indigenous movement carried out as under the authorities to take charge ing consensus is higher? as a Mazari-hat crowd would be belittling it. This due process of law, for This group of men, has by far been the most organised, pro-state which the PTM is to be women and children movement in Pakistan’s history. Primarily be- applauded. aren’t rebels, no matter while attending a cause nothing violent has happened up until now. how strongly and succesThe group of Pashtuns, when protesting in the conference in Muzzafarabad in 2017, i dis- sively we’ve tried to build a narrative around it. capital, didn’t lay siege to it. They were protest- tinctly remember the bus carrying the KP’s Their reliance on non-violent means in asking ing for their rights, and in a short span of time Provincial assembly (PYa) being extremely the state for their rights is an indicator that they have managed to foster much social media sup- late, on account of ‘discriminatory security believe in the state and its policies. while slogans port, given how the conventional media has de- checking’ at different intervals along the route like “Ye jo dahshatgardi hai, isske peeche wardi from the capital, islamabad to the capital of hai” paints a different picture, it should be noted cided to remain oblivious to it. The Pashtun Tahafuz Movement is a move- azad Kashmir, Muzzafarabad. Up until then that the popular theme of the movement isn’t ment for the protection of rights of the Pashtun we’d only heard of discriminatory behaviour built around this. we’ve heard far worse antiagainst the Pashtuns, but state slogans and seen the disintegration of more people. Ever since the it was the first time we’d ‘civilised protests’, but we’ve always lent an ear. government of Pakistan experienced an entire Brushing off Pashteen as a ‘young spirited man’ decided to become a youth assembly, carrying from one wing to another, isn’t the solution. ‘frontline state’ against proper identification, go the Global war on TerrorThe juggernaut of civil-military overstepping The state’s justice system through this. it comes as has proceeded to do nothing for the KP-faTa ism, these are the people no surprise that those merger till date. The state’s justice system has who cleared the way for has failed the likes of who want to work and failed the likes of Mashal, the security apparatus authorities to take charge, contribute to the state has been rendered useless in the face of masfor drones to breach the Mashal, the security want the state to respect sacres at aPS Peshawar and Bacha Khan Unisanctity of their homes apparatus has been them too. and for us to lead better versity. The ball now lies with Pakistan, as one for recovery of miss- nation, to address the grievances of these Pashlives. The persistent comrendered useless in the ing persons, Pashteen, in tuns. Linking this to political lobbying for a posmitment of our soldiers one of his eloquent sible Senate coalition between PPP and PTi can’t be ignored in this eiface of massacres at speeches that have sur- won’t do anyone any good. Perhaps the time for ther. So when Manzoor Pashteen, the leader beAPS Peshawar and Bacha faced on social media, this movement, a few months before elections is hasn’t out rightly asked ideal. The state institutions should know whether hind the PTM, says that for returning the missing or not the country is ready for landing in deeper the military has done Khan University persons but for their right waters of democratic transition. much but needs to do to trial in court. Pakhtun even more, i don’t critiwe’re at a time when we can proceed to bewomen have come for- come a single nation. it’s about time we recogcise it as a statement ward for the first time, re- nise these Pashtuns as our own. against the military. Au contraire, they believe in the institution and want claiming their sons, their men from the state — more to be done. Their organised movement has from a state that can’t answer these questions. Remshay Ahmed is a political realist by proled to the arrest and trial of Malir Senior Super- The removal of land mines from tribal areas is a fession and a pessimist by choice. She can be intendent (SSP) rao anwar, responsible for the demand that has long been coming. Under the reached at

Recognising Pashtuns as our own


PaKiSTaN and China already enjoy enviable friendly, trustworthy, time-tested friendship it is all the more good to note that top leadership of both the countries have pledged to further reinforce their decades old friendship and to take it to still higher level. This pledge to further strengthening of ties was made when Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan abbasi and Chinese President Xi Jinping held bilateral talks on the sideline of the Boao forum for asia in China’s hainan province the other day. President Xi Jinping said during that PakistanChina relations should be a pillar for regional peace, the ties between the two countries should become a model for good neighbourly relationship and international cooperation under the Belt and road initiative (Bri), China is quite willing to make joint efforts to push bilateral ties to a still higher level and to build a more closely-knitted community with a shared future between the two countries and called for efforts from both sides to advance the construction of the CPEC and to ensure sound planning and implementation of cooperation projects such as the Gwadar Port , energy and industrial parks. PM abbasi on his part said that Pakistan and China are “iron friends” who have always supported each other on issues involving each other’s core interests and major concerns, hailed CPEC’s important role in the development of both countries and the region and expressed Pakistan’s willingness to promote bilateral cooperation in finance, energy, agriculture, infrastructure and human resources. federal and provincial governments as well as people of all the region should ensure speedy, timely and transparent completion of CPEC projects in all sectors as the great game changer CPEC is all set to usher in an era of prosperity, development and prosperity and elimination of unemployment and deprivations as all regions and provinces will be the beneficiaries of its fruits in due course of time, please. Thanks. M Z RIFAT Lahore

FATA stability TOP military command has once again re-emphasised the need for mainstreaming of the federally administered Tribal areas (faTa) in line with popular public sentiments. This was highlighted in the Corps Commanders Conference presided over by army Chief General Qamar Javed Bajwa at the General headquarters, commonly known as the GhQ, in rawalpindi the other day. The army Chief directed on the occasion that stability and development efforts must trickle down dividends of peace to the public. This reiteration of mainstreaming of faTa has been made just when the army has started handing over of areas cleared of militancy to civilian authorities which is indeed a commendable step in the right direction. The corps commanders forum reviewed evolving geostrategic environment and security situation in the country and progress on ongoing Operation radd-ul-fasaad and Khushhal Balochistan programme was also discussed. The meeting quite appropriately acknowledged contributions and sacrifices of all the national stakeholders especially the resilient Pakistanis in rejecting terrorism and bringing about security and stability in the country, discussed lines of stability operations to carry forward the gains of successful kinetic operations and concluded by reiteration of determination to continue making efforts in support of the state institutions which are taking Pakistan on a positive trajectory of peace, stability and prosperity. The federal government will earn lot of goodwill if the steps put on hold to appease its allies unnecessary are taken within next few days preferably prior to its presentation of last budget for next financial year on april 27 or at the most ahead of stepping down on May 31, please. AAMER NAJMEE Lahore

TLP defies the law again ONCE again stick carrying activists of TLP led by Khadim hussain blocked exit and entry points to Lahore, creating pandemonium, demanding withdrawal of criminal cases filed against them on orders of court. Such scenes were witnessed in other parts of country. The question arises how State can choose to be oblivious to this threat challenging its writ by men holding sticks demanding immunity from law, from which even the former PM could not escape. Given the upcoming elections and political crisis engulfing ruling party, they seem to be handicapped, but what about other state institutions? The very foundation, on which the State functions, is superiority of Constitution, and if this is allowed to be challenged and compromised than breakdown occurs and chaos follows. all institutions of the State exist because of Pakistan and are there to serve people and protect their basic constitutional rights. The 2017 faizabad Dharna by TLP blocking islamabad and rawalpindi was declared unlawful by Superior Judiciary and warrants of arrest issued against those found guilty of gross violations of law, including holding hostage uniformed law enforcement personnel and inflicting serious injuries on them and other citizens. Constitution of Pakistan binds all institutions of state, including elected political executive, the paid civil and uniformed bureaucracy and security apparatus to enforce the writ of law and implement judicial orders. any let or excuse not to do so by any state institution will raise doubts. ALI MALIk TARIq Lahore


Saturday, 14 April, 2018

In SyrIA, TrUmp mUST collUde wITh rUSSIA



lydia Khalil

RESIdEnT donald Trump is under enormous pressure to respond militarily to the latest provocation by the Assad regime, but he would do so against all of his instincts and earlier pronouncements to end U.S. military involvement in the Syrian war. Just days before the chemical attacks in douma, Trump announced he wanted U.S. troops out of Syria within months, and that the fight against the Islamic State was largely completed. Some claim that Trump’s

public announcement of U.S. withdrawal in Syria emboldened Assad to conduct these attacks. But the fact is that there have been at least eight alleged chemical attacks by the Assad regime since Trump took office. Assad has continually tested the boundaries of what the international community and his allies are willing to accept, and has gotten away with it. Either way, the chemical attacks in douma changed the calculus for Trump. Although he adamantly wants U.S. military involvement to end, Trump is now not only forced to respond but also to respond in a more robust manner than the single-strike last year against an empty airfield. Trump finds himself in the same position as his predecessor, having heavily criticised Barack Obama for letting a red line be crossed without retaliating. Only a significant escalation of U.S. force will be credible enough to deter Assad against future use of chemical weapons or attacks against civilians. It is not only a matter of punishing Assad, destroying his ability to use chem-

ical weapons, or responding reciprocally to a provocation. The very credibility of the U.S. is at stake. Yet the U.S. will not win the escalation game. If the U.S. escalates, then Assad’s allies, particularly Russia, can escalate in turn. Assad’s allies have proved that they are able and, more importantly, willing to do more. It is this conundrum that is delaying what everyone believes to be imminent U.S. action. Furthermore, escalation without a coherent strategy, a thing that has been notably absent in Washington since the conflict began, will only cause additional violence and suffering. It is ironic that the path Trump would most want to follow, and the only hope for any conclusion to the sordid Syrian war, is to support a negotiated political settlement spearheaded by Russia. At a time when the U.S. most needs to work with the Russians to end this conflict for their mutual benefit, Trump is unable to reach out. He is thwarted both domestically, given the Mueller investigation and the widespread belief among Americans that his campaign colluded

with Russia, and internationally, by Russia’s own actions in the region. It would be naive of the U.S. to think Russia will abandon Assad altogether. Assad has been good for Russia. Russia’s support of his regime and involvement in Syria offered a foothold back into the Middle East, a region where, until now, Russia has not had a significant presence since the end of the Cold War. And Russia has been able to thwart American dominance by pushing back against U.S. interests and influence in the region. neither can the U.S. afford a complete collapse of the Assad regime. That would mean reigniting the civil war just as it is settling down. The fear has always been that the alternative to Assad will be much worse, that Assad’s brutality will be overshadowed by the chaos that would come in lieu of him. But there is manoeuvrability. Conventional thinking holds that the Trump administration and coalition allies need to do more to pressure Russia to pressure Assad. But Russia does not need to be pressured further. What it needs is an opportunity.

Russia knows full well that Assad is a problematic ally. Assad’s alleged chemical attacks and attacks against civilians have not only sullied Russia’s reputation but also affected its political and economic interests in Syria and the Middle East. Russia will only be able to make full use of the leverage it has in Syria once a negotiated settlement is reached. The longer the conflict goes on, the more difficult it becomes for Russia to contain its differences with and gain the upper hand over Iran and Turkey. Russia wants to reap benefits from any reconstruction activity in Syria, but cannot do so without other rich international donors. It cannot afford all of the reconstruction costs, and therefore needs the West, Arab countries, and China. But their support for reconstruction depends on a negotiated political settlement. Russia understands there will not be a final military victory, and for years has been pushing for a negotiated settlement. But Assad remains unconvinced and has resisted Russian pressure. Assad will not risk negotiating himself

How Islam shaped the Enlightenment new repUblIc JaCoB soll

In 1698, the noted Arabic scholar and Catholic evangelical crusader, Ludovico Marracci published the first historically accurate Latin translation of the Qur’an, as well as a refutation of the Muslim holy book—both of which he hoped could be used to help “fight Islam.” Since the Reformations of the sixteenth century, religious conflicts had been settled not only by the sword, but with the potent weapon of philology, the linguistic science that produced accurate versions and translations of holy and ancient texts. Philology had such force that new translations and interpretations of the Bible had helped split the Church. Marracci hoped that his accurate work would have the same effect in training crusading priests to dispute the word of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). As it happened, Marracci’s translation did not have the effect he intended, as Alexander Bevilacqua shows in his tour de force study of the origins of modern Islamic scholarship in the West and its central role in the Enlightenment, The Republic of Arabic Letters Islam and the European Enlightenment. Bible critics and burgeoning Islamic scholars from Paris and Leiden to Oxford used his accurate translation of the Qur’an not to fight Islam, but to study and appreciate it. His work became the basis of even more translations and historical works, ultimately leading to the founding of great schools and centers of Islamic languages and culture in Europe in the eighteenth century. Bevilacqua’s extraordinary book provides the first true glimpse into this story. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Gibbon studied and critiqued Islam along with Christianity, giving the study of Islam a new importance in Europe. The idea that one could equally compare religions was the beginning of a movement of religious tolerance that began with seventeenth century religious scholars and made its way to the thinking of Voltaire, William Penn and Benjamin Franklin, who believed that Muslim theologians should have the freedom to preach their religion to the citizens of Philadelphia. What this book shows is that the great philosophes may have been innovative thinkers, and they took Islam seriously as a religion, but they ultimately lacked the scholarly skill to excavate Islam in Europe. It was, instead, done by an often motley group of scholars who fought against remarkable odds to establish the field of Islamic studies. As we know today, this did not necessarily lead to a great understanding

between religions. The forces of repression were never far from their scholarship, and contrary to Bevilacqua’s claims, the world of learning was not always a rosy affair. Central to Bevilacqua’s story are two friends who began the feat of explaining Islam to Europe in the seventeenth century: Antoine Galland, the Orientalist scholar, book hunter, archeologist and translator of One Thousand and One nights and the court scholar, Barthélemy d’Herbelot. Born in 1646 to a modest background, Galland became fluent in Arabic, Persian and Turkish and, at the orders of Louis XIV’s minister, Jean-Baptiste Colbert, in the 1670s he was attached to the French embassy in Istanbul with the mission of finding rare Oriental manuscripts to send back to the royal collection. Colbert’s goal was not only to create a prestigious library, filled with Oriental works, but also to find ammunition in the French crown’s brutal conflict with Protestants and its constant conflicts with the papacy over taxes and jurisdiction. Galland spent his days scouring Istanbul for literature to legitimate Louis XIV’s religious conflicts and to quench his own thirst for learning. And he loved it, giddily describing the city as brimming over with books “in unbelievable quantity, as much from Egypt, from Syria, from Arabia and Mesopotamia as from Persia itself, where the Turkish armies once advanced considerably.” He succeeded in bringing back the treasures to create the Royal Library’s trove of Oriental manuscripts. In 1670, d’Herbelot joined Colbert’s team of court scholars. In his famous work Orientalism, Edward Said claimed that d’Herbelot’s work was central in “confirming” to an “insulting” degree the inferiority of Islam for the West. But d’Herbelot’s scholarly feat was far more nuanced. He worked to create an encyclopedia of almost every topic he could find related to Islam, from Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), and the most famous kings of Persia to what he called a “Universal dictionary containing all that pertains to the knowledge of the Peoples of the Orient.” “Princes appear in it, some with their magnificence, their radiance, and their splendor,” Galland wrote of the book, “others with a pure vanity, or a sordid avarice.” Fluent in Arabic, Persian, and Turkish, d’Herbelot included full translated poems and even entertaining and grand mythological tales. He listed all histories, sciences, arts, literary traditions, mythology, magic, and poetry of the Orient, as well as the stories of great military captains. Basing his own work on works such as the sixteenthcentury literary scholar Ibn Khatib alQāsim’s anthology of Islamic literature, and on the work of the seventeenth-century Ottoman scholar Kātib Çelebi, d’Herbelot attempted to make Islamic scholarship accessible to Europeans. Rather than an attack on Islam—as Marracci had attempted—d’Herbelot’s book was a

remarkable tightrope walk between fulfilling the desires of his repressive patrons and creating the most serious European encyclopedia extant of the Islamic world. d’Herbelot died in 1695 and Galland reworked the Bibliothèque Orientale, publishing it in 1697 with a dedication to Louis XIV in which says the book will bring “glory” his reign, while showing how France emulates “the most Powerful nations of Asia.” Scholars marveled at a book whose contents could be found nowhere else, and was a unique window into the previously unknown Islamic world. If d’Herbelot was both respectful and systematic in his treatment of the Islamic world, Enlightenment philosophes were less so. Montesquieu, the great proponent of mixed government, comparative cultures, and political liberty, despised the book for what he mistakenly saw as its celebration of “Oriental despotism.” Ignoring much of what d’Herbelot had shown—such as Süleyman’s strict following of constitutional laws, Montesquieu characterized Islamic states as dominated by tyrants and religiously servile. It is likely that Montesquieu saw the book’s praise of princes as a way of defending or condoning the despotism of the Louis XIV’s regime. Missing from Bevilacqua’s account is the messy historical background of d’Herbelot and Galland’s work, which he mentions only in passing. Both men knew that they worked for a repressive state; both men had received orders to help find religious justifications for Louis XIV’s massive repression and violent expulsion of French Protestants. They also knew that Colbert destroyed the careers of scholars who were seen as disloyal, and they worked with care to present the Bibliothèque Orientale as fitting in with royal policy and supporting Louis’s glory—which might be a reason d’Herbelot focused so much on the romantic deeds of great princes and poets. They had made a conscious decision to be complicit in the regime’s religious intolerance. Indeed, other scholars had quit or fled to the freer Holland, rather than collaborate as Galland and d’Herbelot did. In 1685, Louis revoked the Edict of nantes, which had allowed Protestants to live in

peace in France. He demanded that Protestants convert or leave his kingdom under the principal of “Un roi, une foi,”—one king, one faith. To force Protestants to make a choice, Louis billeted undisciplined troops in Protestant houses where they raped, pillaged, tortured, and in some instances even murdered. It was an extensive and effective project of religious cleansing. More than 200,000 Protestants fled France—some estimate the number to be much higher. d’Herbelot and Galland were certainly aware of the atrocities that their work justified. Galland lived in the house of one of Louis’s worst enforcers, the Intendant nicolas-Joseph Foucault, who brutalized Protestants by day and supported erudition, Oriental learning and archeology by night. At Colbert’s behest, Foucault had plundered monastic archives and intimidated their librarians. He also reestablished the great Academy of Science, Arts and Letters in Caen and acquired one of the great book collections of the time, including many Oriental works obtained by Galland. d’Herbelot and Galland admired “fair-minded,” “anti-sectarian” scholarship, and yet they sat at the summit of the violence of the 1680s and served its masters. As Bevilacqua shows in dramatic detail, Voltaire would later defend d’Herbelot’s work against Montesquieu’s attacks. Edward Gibbon, for all his scorn of Islam, recognized the scholarly value of the Bibliothèque Orientale. Major works of comparative religions, such as Bernard Picart and Jean-Frédéric Bernard’s enormously successful set of engravings of The Religious Ceremonies and Customs of All the Peoples in the World (1723-1743), proudly referenced d’Herbelot. And over the eighteenth century, Islamic studies slowly became a major scholarly field. The oldest school of Oriental languages in Europe, “L’Orientale” at the University of naples still stands in its original buildings, with its famed old library of 60,000 volumes, almost three hundred years after its founding in 1732. And yet, while the school buzzes with student life during the day, it seems forlorn and disconnected from the great conflicts that have led some to pit notions of Islam and the West against each other. It has taken until now for a book to tell the history of the origins of the Western study of Islam, as Bevilacqua’s does. Few have his linguistic and cultural expertise. He, like the tradition he describes, is a rarity. In spite of the valiant efforts of the great Islamic scholars of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, part of their project failed to take hold. This means that the task of Enlightenment is an ongoing struggle, something to value and fight for, even more in times of violence, intolerance and despotism. THE REPUBLIC OF ARABIC LETTERS: ISLAM AND THE EUROPEAN ENLIGHTENMENT by Alexander Bevilacqua, Harvard University Press, 345 pp., $35.00

out of power. He wants to set the terms for a future peace. Only U.S.–Russian collusion, pushing for a negotiated settlement through Russian political pressure and U.S. military action, will have any hope of changing Assad’s current mindset. This is the only way to put an end to the terrible violence that has already killed 400,000 people and displaced millions. This is a scenario that carries great risk for both Washington and Russia, has little hope of coming to pass in the near term, but would be the best chance to end this terrible war.

Lydia Khalil is a Research Fellow in the West Asia Program at the Lowy Institute. She also served as a political advisor for the U.S. Department of Defense in Iraq, where she worked closely with Iraqi officials on political negotiations and constitutional drafting. In Australia, Lydia held fellowships with the Australian Strategic Policy Institute and Macquarie University, specialising in intelligence, national security and cyber security.

Attacking Syria would undermine US security

USA TodAy Willis l Krumholz

ith the Middle East on edge over Syria and many fearing inadvertent triggering of global conflict, a scramble is on to prepare for whatever might come next. Americans understandably reacted with horror to the reported chemical weapons attack in Syria last weekend. This act is only the latest in a long list of atrocities from the 7-year-old Syrian civil war. But U.S. foreign policy should be guided by a realistic grand strategy, not knee-jerk responses to developments on the ground. Bashar Assad is a brutal thug, but deepening U.S. involvement in Syria’s civil war would undermine U.S. security. All sides in this civil war have spilled innocent blood; there are no good guys. Assad, a member of the Alawite sect of Shiite-Islam, is backed by Russia — which has ties to the Assads going back to the Cold War days — and by Shiite Iran. They are pitted against Sunni rebels supported by Saudi Arabia, Turkey and other Persian Gulf states. These Sunni powers have directly or indirectly funded jihadist groups, including al-Qaeda. Meanwhile, U.S. efforts to find and arm “moderate” rebels have failed spectacularly. In other words, if America ups the ante in Syria, we entangle ourselves in the 1,400year-old confessional-struggle between Shiite and Sunni Islam. This has nothing to do with protecting Americans. If we take down Assad, radical Sunni groups would quickly fill the power vacuum left in our wake, as happened after we toppled Saddam Hussein — also a brutal dictator — in Iraq. Those clamoring for punitive military strikes must explain what happens next; outcomes matter, not intentions. America has roughly 2,000 troops in eastern Syria on Iraq’s border to assist Kurdish forces — among our friends in this fight — as they battle ISIS. If President Trump strikes the Assad regime, without congressional authorization no less, he risks bogging our military down in Syria indefinitely. This would jeopardize our national security, spread our military thin, and risk direct conflict with nuclear-armed Russia. American soldiers deserve to come home now that their mission — fighting ISIS — is nearly complete. Willis L Krumholz is a fellow at Defense Priorities.


Saturday, 14 April, 2018




You might feel invincible today, but in reality you are as human as ever. Your ruling planet Mars is happily working on your behalf now, but your enterprising spirit could make you sloppy. Be sure to have.

Once you make up your mind to do something, your legendary determination works in your favor. Others may rush ahead in their excitement, but you are patiently building a foundation that's capable of sustaining.

You are in your astrological element with three planets currently orbiting in airy Libra. People admire your skills and want to be in your company because engaging the world on multiple levels enables.




Expressing your emotions isn't as easy as it sounds today. Fortunately, messenger Mercury sets up camp in your 5th House of Play, infusing your words with childlike creativity.

Your mind is running on highoctane fuel today, but it's easy to underestimate the time it takes to persuade others to join your cause. The Moon squares boisterous Jupiter in dramatic Leo, propelling you.

Pushing to the front of the line often feels awkward for virtuous Virgos, making it difficult to get your best ideas heard by the right audience. However, your path is wide open today, even if you don't.




You tend to play well with others on most days and today is no exception. In fact, you might even give up some of your personal power as you run around making everyone else happy. Ironically, the best.

Although your stamina is strong enough to deliver on your promises and your heart is in the right place, you must be careful how you use your power now. You are receiving inspiration from unseen dimensions.

Your dream to escape to an exotic locale are tugging on your heartstrings today. Or, perhaps you have an opportunity to start an ambitious project while fiery Mars is offering you the extra assistance.




Your need to advance professionally is irrepressible as you make one final attempt to put your ambitions into words without stirring up any trouble. However, talkative Mercury's last stand in your 10th.

An inspirational person enters your life today, presenting you with an intriguing opportunity. You could be so eager for something new to happen that you start dreaming about all the possibilities without.

An overly exuberant family member or roommate might be a nagging source of trouble today. Surrounding yourself with positive people is nearly always a good idea, but someone's optimism may be covering.


ACROSS 1 Seasoned raw egg, swallowed as a hangover remedy (7,6) 8 Kip (3) 9 Place open late for entertainment, food and drink (9) 10 Online site for people to communicate on particular topics (4,4) 11 Fit of shivering and fever (4) 13 Latitude (6) 14 Nauseous (6) 16 Fill to satisfaction (4) 17 A vessel in sight! (4,4) 20 Key resource to be used at the right moment (5,4) 21 Wise bird? (3)


DOwn 1 State of overwhelming fear (5) 2 Nearest bright star to the solar system — run a caliphate (anag) (5,8) 3 Orbital route (4,4) 4 Christmas tipple (6) 5 Legendary beast of the Himalayas? (4) 6 Support for telephone wires (9,4) 7 Bending and springy (7) 12 Of one who has suddenly and undeservedly risen in status (6-2) 13 Independent kingdom, an enclave of South Africa (7) 15 Sentence unit (6)





black TO PlaY aND MaTE IN THREE MOVEs 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1









Today’s soluTions


sUDokU crossword solution sudoku solution

1...Nf4 2.gxf4 bxf4 3.be5 * chess solution

How to pLAy Fill in all the squares in the grid so that each row, column and each of the squares contains all the digits. The object is to insert the numbers in the boxes to satisfy only one condition: each row, column and 3x3 box must contain the digits 1 through 9 exactly once.


Saturday, 14 April, 2018


Digital aDDiction can leaD to Depression SAN FRANCISCO



URNS out, digital addiction can increase the feeling of loneliness, anxiety, and depression among people. In a new San Francisco State University study, researchers Erik Peper and Richard Harvey argued that overuse of smartphones was just like any other type of substance abuse. “The behavioural addiction of smartphone use begins forming neurological connections in the brain in ways similar to how opioid addiction is experienced by people taking Oxycontin for pain relief — gradually,” Peper explained. On top of that, addiction to social media technology might actually have a negative effect on social connection. In a survey of 135 San Francisco State students, Peper and Harvey

found that students who used their phones the most reported higher levels of feeling isolated, lonely, depressed and anxious. They also found that those same students almost con-

stantly multitasked while studying, watching other media, eating or attending class. This constant activity allowed little time for bodies and minds to relax

and regenerate, said Peper, and also resulted in “semi-tasking” where people did two or more tasks at the same time, but half as well as they would have if focused on one task at a time. Peper and Harvey noted that digital addiction was not our fault but a result of the tech industry’s desire to increase corporate profits. “More eyeballs, more clicks, more money,” said Peper. However, the study suggested that it was possible to train oneself to be less addicted to phones and computers. The first step was recognising that tech companies were manipulating one’s innate biological responses to danger. Peper suggested turning off push notifications, only responding to email and social media at specific times and scheduling periods with no interruptions to focus on important tasks. The study appears in the journal NeuroRegulation.

'Team Meghan' helps Markle prepare for life as a princess LONDON Agencies

Marshes, oyster reefs restoration could save $50 billion MIAMI Agencies

Restoring oyster reefs and marshes could save the US Gulf Coast region $50 billion in flood damages over the next 20 years, and are far more cost-effective than seawalls, researchers said. The study in the journal PLOS ONE is the first to compare the costto-benefit ratios of a range of measures, both natural and artificial, meant to bolster coastlines against rising seas and more frequent storms expected as a result of climate change. Natural measures like wetland and reef restoration can yield benefit-to-cost ratios of seven to one, “meaning more than $7 in direct floodreduction benefits for every $1 spent on restoration,” said the report. Meanwhile, artificial measures, like building levees, seawalls and elevating homes, can be effective but expensive, with benefit-to-cost ratios near or below one-to-one. The study found the most cost-effective measures for reducing flood risk in the Gulf of Mexico were oyster reef and marsh restoration. They work by reducing the energy of crashing waves, trapping sediments and cutting down on storm surge. “We show that nature-based measures for flood reduction can be considered right alongside artificial or gray measures such as seawalls in industry-based benefit-cost models,” said co-author Michael Beck, a marine scientist at the Nature Conservancy and a research professor at the University of California Santa Cruz. “This removes a major impediment for engineers, insurers, and risk management agencies for building coastal resilience more naturally.” Last year, floods, wildfires, droughts and hurricanes cost the United States $306 billion, making 2017 the costliest year on record. Major storms and natural disasters that cause $100 billion in damages are expected to become three times more frequent in the future, researchers said. “The need for adaptation is increasing, and the cost of inaction is too high,” said lead author Borja Reguero, a coastal engineer at the University of California, Santa Cruz.

As a team of professionals at Kensington Palace oversees the metamorphosis of Meghan Markle from American actor to British princess, they may have squandered one useful gift: her dowry. “As I understand it, there have been an extra 1m hits on the royal Kensington Palace website as a result of Meghan,” said Andrew Morton, the biographer of Diana, Princess of Wales; of Wallis Simpson – the last US divorcee to marry into the family; and now of Markle. Once her romance with Prince Harry was confirmed, the former star of legal drama Suits shut down The Tig, her lifestyle website, and bid farewell to 1.9 million Instagram followers. “Talk about frittering away a constituency,” said Morton, whose book Meghan: The Hollywood Princess is published this week. “In the old days, a bride brought a dowry. She brought 1.9 million Instagram followers, all of whom have been cast aside.” Palace aides might look at another American princess, Sarah Butler, who, like Markle, studied international relations and married into royalty. Now HRH Princess Sarah Zeid of Jordan,

she advocates on mother and child rights, harnessing her social media power to disseminate her message, Morton said. What causes Markle will adopt once she becomes Her Royal Highness on her 19 May wedding is the focus for “Team Meghan” at Kensington Palace, where the 36-year-old bride-to-be is at the vortex of planning for the nuptials as well as her work diary and the couple’s new home. At her side is right-hand woman Amy Pickerill, 32, a Nottingham University history graduate, who worked for the Royal Bank of Scotland press office before joining the Kensington Palace press team dedicated to promoting the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry.

Now assistant private secretary, working solely for Markle, Pickerill can often be seen relieving her new mistress of the bouquets, cards and gifts bestowed during public walkabouts. She looks after Markle’s official programme and diary, briefs about events and individuals and helps ease her into her role as the fourth patron of the Royal Foundation set up by William, Kate and Harry. Markle’s appointments with wedding planners and dress fitters are being juggled around secret meetings with charities and organisations eager for a sprinkling of her Hollywood stardust. She has, for example, met with some involved in the aftermath of the Grenfell Tower fire.

Downfall of tigers, lions, bears attributed to their popularity PARIS Agencies

Iconic animals like elephants, tigers, lions and panda bears are everywhere in movies, books and toy stores. But their wide pop culture presence skews public perception of how endangered these animals really are, researchers said. Online surveys, zoo websites, animated films and school questionnaires were scoured by US and French researchers for the study, published in journal PLOS Biology. Using these sources, scientists made a list of the top 10 most charismatic animals: tigers, lions, elephants, giraffes, leopards, pandas, cheetahs, polar bears, grey wolves and gorillas. Researchers also found that almost 49 percent of all the non-teddy bear stuffed animals sold in the United States on Amazon were one of these 10 charismatic animals. In France, 800,000 “Sophie the giraffe” baby toys were sold in 2010, more than eight times the numbers of giraffes living in Africa. Lead author Franck Courchamp of the University of Paris said that these animals are so common in pop culture and marketing materials that they create a “virtual population” in people’s minds, one that is doing far better in perception than reality. “Unknowingly, companies using giraffes, cheetahs or polar bears for marketing purposes may be actively contributing to the false perception that these animals are not at risk of extinction, and therefore not in need of conservation,” Courchamp said. The average French citizen “will see more virtual lions through photos, cartoons, logos and brands in one month than there are wild lions left in West Africa,” said the report. Researchers urged companies that use these animals in their marketing to donate a portion of the proceeds to conservation groups. “The appearance of these beloved animals in stores, in movies, on television, and on a variety of products seems to be deluding the public into believing they are doing okay,” said co-author William Ripple, a professor of forest ecology at Oregon State University. “If we don’t act in a concerted effort to save these species, that may soon be the only way anyone will see them.” Ripple added that “a major threat faced by nearly all of them is direct killing by humans, especially from hunting and snaring,” a reality he described as “sadly ironic, as these are some of our most beloved animals.”

Why is Friday the 13th unlucky? A look at the ominous date's history Today is Friday the 13th and we all know that means bad luck. The superstition surrounding the date is thought to originate with the Last Supper, attended by 13 people - Jesus Christ and his 12 disciples - on Maundy Thursday, the night before his crucifixion by Roman soldiers on Good Friday. The number 13 is therefore associated with Judas Iscariot, Christ's betrayer, and is regarded as imperfect compared with 12, which represents the number of months in a year. The union of day and date has also been traced back to King Philip IV of France arresting hundreds of Knights Templar on Friday 13 October 1307. The Catholic crusaders were apprehended - under pressure from Pope Clement V - over allegations made by an excommunicated former member that new recruits to the order were being forced to spit on the cross, deny Christ and engage in homosexual acts during initiation ceremonies. The claims - seemingly entirely without foundation - were a convenient pretext for Philip to persecute

the wealthy order and waive debts he owed them following a war with England. Charged with moral and financial corruption and worshipping false idols - often following confessions

obtained under torture - many of the knights were later burnt at the stake in Paris. The order's Grand Master, Jacques de Molay, faced the flames in front of Notre Dame Cathedral and is said to have cried out a curse on those who had so gravely wronged them: "God knows who is wrong and has sinned. Soon a calamity will occur to those who have condemned us to death." The events initiated by the holy warriors' arrest, according to tradition, ensured every subsequent Friday the 13th meant bad luck to one and all, De Molay's hex ringing out through the ages. There will be two Friday the 13ths in 2018: today and another in July. An irrational fear of the day is known as paraskevidekatriaphobia. In Spanish-speaking countries and in Greece, it's Tuesday the 13th that frightens people. In Italy, it's Friday the 17th. Famous indicators of bad luck include a black cat crossing your path, breaking a mirror, walking under a ladder, opening an umbrella indoors and saying the name of Shakespeare's "Scottish play" in a theatre. Agencies

Saturday, 14 April, 2018

SABA QAMAr putS down hAterS with A cigArette





stAff RepoRt

HILE, we are well into the 2000s and women are emerging as a stronger force than before, the stigma attached to smoking is still prevalent in Pakistan. Case in hand: Mahira Khan’s multiple smoking controversies. However, Pakistani actress Saba Qamar has tackled the stigma surrounding women smoking in the country. Sharing a black and white picture from her latest photoshoot, Qamar wrote, “Mard peeyein toh wah, Hum peeyein toh haaaa. Tum khao toh chips, Hum khaain toh aaloo (If men smoke then you go wow but if we [women] smoke then you criticise. If you eat then they are fries if we eat they are potatoes).” She concluded cheekily, “Smoking is injurious to all, not only to women.” The picture shows Saba posing playfully with a lit cigarette in her mouth and a boombox in her arm. The picture posted after this is another black and white one which shows Saba holding a board which reads, “Love.Live.Laugh.” with the caption, “Live and let live.” Saba’s latest post comes, in an apparent reference, a couple of weeks after a video emerged on social media in which Mahira Khan was seen

Aisha Khan's wedding festivities commence ISLAMABAD stAff RepoRt

smoking backstage at the Lux Style Awards held this year in Lahore. Previously, Khan was also snapped smoking with Ranbir Kapoor outside a hotel in New York. Both incidents stirred up a controversy on social media, with people calling out Khan over her choices. However, many spoke out in support of

the actress, questioning why nobody objects when men smoke and that it is her personal choice. Saba is not the only one tackling the stigma attached to women smoking. The recent film, Cake, also showed the lead actresses, Sanam Saeed and Aamina Sheikh, enjoying a cigarette – that too in public.

Nandita Das, Nawazuddin Siddiqui's 'Manto' makes it to Cannes Film Festival MUMBAI Agencies

Acclaimed Indian actor turned filmmaker Nandita Das’ directorial Manto, a biographical on controversial Urdu writer Saadat Hasan Manto, has made its way to the Un Certain Regard segment of the prestigious 71st Cannes Film Festival. The team is ecstatic. The official line-up was announced by the festival’s artistic director Thierry Fremaux in Paris. A historical period drama about Manto, who is known for his writings around the partition of India and Pakistan, is the only Indian film competing in the Un Certain Regard category of the gala, to be held from May 8-19. Nandita, who has been a jury member at the movie jamboree twice – in 2005 and 2013 – had last year introduced Manto to the Cannes audience via ‘In Defence of Freedom’, a prelude to the feature film. Now heading to the fest with the film in full form, Nandita’s happiness

knows no bounds. “We are in Cannes! Manto is selected in the official section Un Certain Regard. Exciting moment for the entire crew and cast,” tweeted the filmmaker, whose 2008 directorial debut Firaaq, on the aftermath of the Gujarat riots, was also screened at Cannes. The director also later thanked fans for their good wishes and support and shared a picture from the last day of the shoot.

Nawazuddin, who plays the bespectacled Manto in the eponymous film, is also excited. “‘And it is possible that Saadat Hasan dies, but Manto remains alive’. Glad to inform that Manto is selected for competition at Cannes 2018 in Un Certain Regard section. Congratulations Nandita Das and Team Manto.” Actor Rasika Dugal, who essays Safia Manto, the protagonist’s wife, told IANS, “It will be such an honour

to present our film there. In the times we live in, a film which strongly defends freedom of speech should reach a wide audience not just in our country but across the world.” Rasika added that the film speaks of “fearlessness with sensitivity and that’s something to nurture and celebrate”. The film also features Tahir Raj Bhasin as Shyam Chaddha, Manto’s friend, confidant and inspiration for a number of stories; Rajshri Deshpande as author Ismat Chughtai and veteran actor Rishi Kapoor in a cameo. The background score is by table maestro Zakir Hussain, with music composed by Sneha Khanwalkar. The Un Certain Regard is a competition section separate from the Cannes fest’s main Palme d’Or competition section. Manto will compete with Bi Gan’s Long Day’s Journey into Night, Andrea Bescond and Eric Metayer’s Little Tickles, FrenchMorrocan director Meyem Benm’Barek’s Sofia and Ali Abbasi’s Border, among others.

Hollywood's actors union calls for cancellation of auditions in hotels LOS ANGELES Agencies

Amid a torrent of accusations of sexual misconduct, including rape, in Hollywood, the entertainment industry’s biggest union demanded Thursday that actor auditions no longer take place in hotel rooms or residences.

The decision, called “Guideline No 1,” marks the first expansion of SAG-AFTRA’s Code of Conduct published in February that aims to tackle harassment and help increase equity in the industry. “SAG-AFTRA opposes auditions, interviews and similar professional meetings from taking place in private hotel rooms or at private res-

idences,” it said. “We call on producers and other decision-makers with influence or control over decisions that can impact a career, to STOP holding professional meetings in these high-risk locations and find alternative, appropriate locations for professional meetings. “Furthermore, we call on SAGAFTRA members and their representatives to STOP agreeing to professional meetings in these highrisk locations.” In cases where a member cannot find an alternative location, the union recommends attending the meeting accompanied by a person of trust. The guidelines come amid a massive sex scandal roiling Hollywood that first erupted with accusations against one-time major producer Harvey Weinstein in October. Weinstein is said to have sexually harassed and abused hundreds of young actresses, models and employees since the 1990s. In each case, there was a recurring theme of him inviting women to


his hotel room to talk about work before proceeding to take off his clothes, offer them a massage or ask them to watch him masturbate, all under promises of fame or threats to ruin their careers. Mira Sorvino, Asia Argento, Gwyneth Paltrow, Angelina Jolie, Cara Delevingne and Lea Seydoux are among those who denounced Weinstein, who is now under investigation. The claims against Weinstein triggered a watershed moment that saw revelations of widespread sexual abuse in the entertainment industry that has felled other Hollywood heavyweights. The abuse often happened in hotel rooms. “We are committed to addressing the scenario that has allowed predators to exploit performers behind closed doors under the guise of a professional meeting,” SAG-AFTRA president Gabrielle Carteris said in a statement. The union represents some 160,000 actors and other entertainment and media professionals.

Pakistani actress Aisha Rao Khan, a couple of weeks earlier announced that she has decided to leave the showbiz industry. This, of course, sparked all sort of rumours, but the one which lead them all was that she will be soon tying the knot. Lo and behold, a couple of days later, the actress took to social media to announce that she was indeed getting married. Sharing a picture of herself with her fiance, Major Uqbah Hadeed, Khan wrote, “My fiancé and I are overwhelmed with all the love and prayers that have poured in thus far. I had made my announcement to leave my media career as I now prefer to stay away from the limelight. We got engaged last year and have known each other for several years before. We would request privacy from here on and expect everybody to respect our decision of keeping our wedding a small family affair. Please remember us and our families in your prayers!” Just as we were recovering from Feroze Khan’s wedding saga, pictures of Aisha as a bride began to emerge on Instagram and it has been learned that Aisha’s mayun and mehndi events have already taken place. The mehndi was held Thursday night and Khan’s best friend, actor Hamza Ali Abbasi along with Gohar Rasheed were present at the festivities. In fact, Abbasi and Rasheed held the dupatta above Aisha’s head as she entered the hall on her mehndi. The video is super cute and we have to admit that they are definitely friendship goals. Needless to say, Aisha looked resplendent on her mehndi in a lime green, maroon and white lehnga choli. For her mayun, she opted for an all-yellow ensemble. We can’t wait to see pictures from the rest of the wedding festivities.

Sridevi receives Best Actress Award for 'Mom'

NEW DELHI Agencies

The late Sridevi was named the Best Actress posthumously, today, for her role as a vengeful mother in the Hindi film Mom. In the movie directed by Ravi Udyawar, Sridevi played a mother who sets out to avenge her step-daughter, essayed by Sajal Ali. The film also featured Adnan Siddiqui as Sridevi’s onscreen husband. The legendary actor passed away in February in a Dubai hotel, leaving the film industry, her family members and legions of fans in a state of shock. Announcing Sridevi’s name, jury head Shekhar Kapur said, “The best actress is Sridevi for Mom and I promise you it is not my relationship with her. Every morning when I came here, I would ask everyone to vote once again. I would look at all the actors, talk about them and I would say, ‘there should be not Sridevi, not Sridevi’!” “We used to take a vote and it always came back to Sridevi. It was me who fought that it shouldn’t be Sridevi. We are all emotionally involved with Sridevi. I used to say, ‘don’t give her an award because she died, it is unfair on the other girls’. They have also worked hard for 10-12 years, they too have a career.” Reacting to the announcement, Mom director Ravi Udayawar said, “She deserves it. I’m really happy it’s a great news for me because it was our film. She had done a fabulous job. We all are missing her now.”


Saturday, 14 April, 2018

GovT, ADB siGn DeALs woRTh $375mn To imPRove iRRiGATion, PuBLiCPRivATe PARTneRshiP in PunjAB ISLAMABAD



HE Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Government of Pakistan on Friday, signed two loan agreements totaling $375 million to improve irrigation services and promote public-private partnerships (PPP) in the Punjab province. The loan agreements were signed by ADB Country Director for Pakistan Xiaohong Yang, and, Economic Affairs Division Secretary Syed Ghazanfar Abbas Jilani, at a ceremony in Islamabad. Planning and Development Department Secretary Iftikhar Ali Sahoo, and Irrigation Department Secretary Asadullah, signed the project agreements on behalf of the provincial government. “The investments will build a new kharif season irrigation system and further develop PPPs in the province,” said Yang. “The irrigation project will become

part of the Indus Basin Irrigation System and increase agriculture production that will directly benefit farming families in the target area. The PPP project will also strengthen the capacity of the provincial government to improve key infrastructure and service delivery in the province.” The $275 million Jalalpur Irrigation Project will develop a surface irrigation system in Jhelum and Khushab districts of Punjab by drawing water from Jhelum River at Rasul Barrage. The project will convert over 68,000 hectares of less productive and predominantly rain-fed area into irrigated farmland benefiting 384,000 people. The irrigation system will include intake structure at Rasul Barrage, main canal (117-kilometers), distributaries, minor canals, cross-drainage structures, flood carrier channels, and associated structures. The project will improve water-use capacity of 485 water user associations at each watercourse, who will

PTCL posts Rs30bn revenue for first quarter of 2018, up 4pc YoY MULTAN: Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited (PTCL) announced its financial results for the quarter ended March 31, at its Board of Directors meeting held on Wednesday. PTCL groups’s revenue for the quarter has grown Year on Year (YoY) by 4 per cent to Rs30 billion as a result of positive contribution by all group companies. After arresting the rate of revenue decline in 2017, PTCL Q1, 2018 revenue of Rs 17.5 billion has registered growth for the first time since Q2 2014 and posted an increase of 1 per cent over the same quarter of last year. Ufone revenue has improved by 4 per cent YoY despite tough competition in the cellular market. UBank, a microfinance banking subsidiary of PTCL, has shown very high growth and almost doubled its revenue over Q1, 2017. PTCL Group’s operating profit for the quarter improved by 27 per cent compared to same period of last year, normalised foroneoffss. PTCL Group’s bottom-line has, however, declined by 10 per cent to Rs 1billion mainly due to the adverse impact of currency devaluation. Adjusted for forex impacts and other one-offs, the bottom line of the group would have been 28 per cent higher than last year. PTCL’s flagship fixed broadband DSL service accelerated its momentum and posted revenue growth of 9 per cent over Q1, 2017. There is, however, a decline in domestic and international voice revenues due to continued conversion of subscribers to OTT and cellular services resulting in declining voice traffic volumes. PTCL’s operating and net profit is lower by 3 per cent and 14 per cent compared with Q1 of last year mainly due to higher marketing and customer acquisition cost spent at the start of the year and lower non-operating income due to reduced funds on account of VSS and CAPEX investment during last year respectively. APP

participate in planning, designing, construction, operations, and maintenance of watercourses. It will help train water user association members to better manage their agriculture and water. It will introduce modern technologies and best practices like laser land leveling and high-efficiency irrigation systems. The project will also strengthen the capacity of 6,000 farming families in irrigated agriculture practices, water use skills, profitable farming system, and accessing private agriculture support services. ADB is providing $100 million loan for a project supporting PPPs in Punjab by augmenting the government’s viability gap fund to help enhance the commercial viability of projects, as well as attract and mobilise more private sector participation in PPPs. The project will also strengthen the development and delivery of PPP projects across various sectors that will further improve the government’s ability to

review, develop, and implement sustainable and fiscally responsible PPP projects, hence, delivering better value-for-money. The Government of the United Kingdom, through the Department for International Development (DFID), is co-financing the PPP project through a $19.6 million grant and a $4 million technical assistance, both of which will be administered by ADB. DFID’s grant will also be used to finance a dedicated project development facility to support the engagement of transaction advisors. The total cost of the PPP project is $219.6 million, with the Punjab government contributing $100 million. ADB, based in Manila, is dedicated to reducing poverty in Asia and the Pacific through inclusive economic growth, environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration. Established in 1966, it is owned by 67 members—48 from the region.

Russian parliament considering ban on list of US imports MOSCOW: Russia’s lower house of parliament is to consider draft legislation that would give the Kremlin powers to ban or restrict a list of US imports, reacting to new US sanctions on a group of Russian tycoons and officials. Senior lawmakers in the State Duma, which is dominated by Kremlin loyalists, said they had prepared the list ranging from food and alcohol to medicine and consulting services in response to Washington’s move last week. The Kremlin itself has not said if it backs the draft legislation – which would allow the government to impose the measures should the need arise – and it was not clear if would it become law in its current form. The Russian parliament is often used to send assertive messages to foreign states, but these do not always translate into concrete measures. Large-scale restrictions on US goods and services would hurt American firms but could also cause significant disruption in Russia, where consumers flock to McDonald’s restaurants, fly on vacation in Boeing jets, and use Apple phones. The draft law, is aimed at protecting Russia’s interests and security in the face of “unfriendly and unlawful acts by the United States of America and other foreign states”. Russian currency and stock markets, preoccupied with the threat of US military action in Syria and the fallout from Washington’s new sanctions, did not react to the draft legislation. It is to be discussed in the lower house next week. The proposed measures are in retaliation

for the White House’s imposition of the toughest set of sanctions on Russia since Moscow’s annexation of Ukraine’s Crimea region in 2014, which dragged relations to their lowest point since the Cold War. Moscow reacted then with countersanctions banning a wide range of food imports from Western countries. Russia imported $12.5 billion worth of US products in 2017, according to official customs data. That included aircraft, machinery, pharmaceutical and chemical products. The draft legislation would give authorities the power to impose bans or restrictions in multiple areas of trade with the United States if they deemed that Washington was threatening Russia’s interests. The sectors listed in the draft which could be subject to bans or restrictions include US-made software and farm goods, US medicines that can be sourced elsewhere, and tobacco and alcohol. It gives the government the power to ban cooperation with the United States on atomic power, rocket engines and aircraft making, and to bar US firms from taking part in Russian privatisation deals. The provision of auditing, legal and consulting services by US firms could also be subject to bans or restrictions, and curbs could be imposed on US citizens working in Russia. Western companies, including Ford Motor, PepsiCo and Coca-Cola’s bottler Coca-Cola HBC, have also invested billions of dollars since the fall of the Soviet Union to set up local production in Russia. AGENCIES

Global stocks set to gain as risk appetite returns LONDON: World stocks and commodities rose on Friday, with stocks set to post their biggest weekly gain in over a month as investors seemed to shrug off the uncertainty over tension in the Middle East and the prospect of a global trade war. Global stock markets have had a whipsaw week, largely fueled by US President Donald Trump’s tendency to change his mind over key policy and political issues. The MSCI All-Country World Index, which tracks shares in 47 countries was up nearly 0.1 per cent on the day. It has gained nearly 2 per cent this week, its best weekly showing since March. European bourses opened positive, with the pan-European STOXX 600 index on track for its third straight week of gains, its longest winning streak since January. The beginnings of European companies’ first-quarter results were largely positive, though misses were badly punished. Earlier in Asia, MSCI’s broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan was up a slim 0.1 per cent, still up about 2 per cent on the week. Overall, Friday’s performance in stocks seemed to suggest investors were relieved at apparent suggestions from Trump that a military strike on Syria may not be imminent. However, the threat of a strike remained after Washington’s earlier warnings against the Syrian government for what is said was a suspected poison gas attack on its civilians. “It would be naïve in the extreme to suggest that the events of the last 24 hours mean that the threat of an escalation of geopolitical factors has passed,” said Michael Hewson, chief markets analyst at CMC Markets in London. “But for now while the background noise is driving the short-term direction as markets gyrate higher and lower, recent price action might suggest that we could look to head towards the upper end of the trading range in the coming days, particularly if US earnings come in ahead of expectations.” The earnings season begins in earnest on Friday with reports from JPMorgan Chase & Co, Citigroup and Wells Fargo & Co. Analysts expect quarterly profit for S&P 500 companies to rise 18.4 per cent from a year ago, in what would be the biggest gain in seven years, according to Thomson Reuters. Investors had other reasons to fret, however. Mixed data from China showed March exports unexpectedly fell 2.7 per cent from a year earlier while imports jumped more than forecast. While the figures pointed to robust demand from the world’s top consumer of crude, copper and iron ore, they left the country with a rare trade deficit of $4.98 billion for the month, the first since last February. Trade tensions also were not far from the surface, with analysts at Citi noting prolonged uncertainty will likely hurt open Asian economies such as Taiwan, Singapore and South Korea. In the most recent change of tack, Trump Thursday asked his advisers to look at re-joining the Trans Pacific Partnership, a multinational trade pact he withdrew the United States from early last year. AGENCIES

Short-termism impedes progress of world’s poorest people: UN report NEW YORK STAFF REPORT

The prospects of around 800 million of the world’s poorest people remain dire. The global economy is experiencing a moderate upturn, and momentum around sustainable investing is growing, the United Nations (UN) said on Friday. But the vast majority of investment is still short-term oriented and commitments by the international community to create sustainable economies are not being met. There is an increasing interest in socially responsible investing, but that is no substitute for a broader transformation in the financial system. The report states that the current system rewards investors, financiers and project managers that prioritise short-term profits. Similarly, policymakers are excessively focused on short-term considerations. But there is a price to pay. Infrastructure projects are shelved in favour of short term priorities. Small businesses and women remain excluded from the financial system. “The good economic news in some regions masks the very real risk that the poor-

est will be left behind,” said, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Under-Secretary-General LIU Zhenmin. “There is no room for complacency.” “If we don’t invest in infrastructure projects like bridges, roads and sewage systems, if the poorest and women are cut off from access to credit and other financial services, we have little prospect of achieving our global goals”, he added. Per capita growth remains negative or insignificant in many countries where the poverty rate is already high, entrenching inequality. Overcoming the short-term outlook of many investors is a complex but urgent issue. according to “Financing for Development: Progress and Prospects,” the 2018 comprehensive annual progress report on how to finance the Sustainable Development Goals. Pension funds, insurance companies and other institutional investors hold around $80 trillion in assets. But the majority of their resources are invested in liquid assets, such as listed equities and bonds in developed countries. Investment in infrastructure still represents less than 3 per cent of pension fund assets,

with investment in sustainable infrastructure in developing countries even lower. The lack of long-term investment horizons also means that major risks, such as those from climate change, are not incorporated into decision-making. According to the report, the solution lies in a multifaceted approach. It includes changing payment practices: the compensation of financial advisors and portfolio managers is too often linked to short term results. More transparency also helps: some countries now require all listed companies to disclose financial risks they face from climate change. Short-sighted policies also result in a lack of access to finance for countries in urgent need. Support for countries affected by disasters is often too little, too late. Innovative financial instruments exist that provide quicker access to funding. Countries can set up insurance-like mechanisms, and the international community can support those that can’t afford premiums. Loans can be set up to reduce repayments automatically during crises. But so far, major funders have not taken up these promising tools. “We have to reach beyond the quick

fix if we are going to create a world that can sustain all of us,” said Sustainable Development Office Director of Financing Navid Hanif. “Political leadership and public policies are indispensable.” It takes leadership to overcome shortterm political cycles, devise and enforce rules which have widespread benefits but may face resistance by powerful groups, for example tax reforms and stopping illicit financial flows, the report notes. The report emphasizes that in donor countries, political leaders must do more to meet their commitment to provide financial assistance to the world’s most vulnerable countries. Beyond financing, the report highlights several cross-cutting areas that impact sustainable financing and that require policy makers attention. For example, new technologies present boundless opportunities. However, in analysing the potential of new technologies, the report warns that the transformative power of technology raises complex ethical, socio-economic and human rights challenges and risks. In the short-term, technological change could lead to job losses and increased polarisation in labour mar-

kets. The report argues for adopting a long-term perspective, and calls on governments to make complementary investments, strengthen social protection and urgently develop regulatory frameworks so that benefits of technological change are shared broadly, and risks to privacy and data protection, financial stability and integrity are addressed. Gender inequalities persist in access to finance, technology, public services, decent jobs, unpaid care and domestic work, participation in policy-making processes and many other areas. Bank account ownership among women is about 58 per cent, and for men, 65 per cent. In Asia, only 16 per cent of businesses are women owned. Such inequality threatens the achievement of the 2030 Agenda, but also weakens inclusive growth prospects by denying women opportunities to fully participate in the economy. In the foreword to the report, United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres said, “The world has the resources to deliver, but they are not allocated where they are needed most. The choices we make now on financing will be pivotal.”


Saturday, 14 April, 2018

CORPORATE CORNER Central Directorate of national savings is all set to launch overseas Pakistanis savings Certificates ISLAMABAD: After a formal nod from the adviser to the Prime Minister for Finance, Economic Affairs and Revenue, Dr Miftah Ismail, CDNS is to appoint Manager to Issue (“MTI”). Request for Proposal (“RFP”) for appointment of MTI shall be available from Saturday. A Pre-Bid Conference for all the banks is being organised at MovenPick, Hotel, Karachi on Thursday, 19 April 2018. CDNS invites senior management from financial institutions’ custody, operations, compliance, financial institutions/international banking and investment banking departments to attend the PreBid Conference. OPSC shall be issued off shore only, in US$ and PKR denominations, to non-resident Pakistanis which will provide them an opportunity to invest in risk free Government Securities besides improving foreign exchange reserves of Government of Pakistan. PR

Advans Pakistan microfinance Bank to continue support for entrepreneurs LAHORE: Advans Pakistan Microfinance Bank launched its new brand identity and a new logo reflecting both the company’s rapid growth since its inception only five years ago, and its resolve to stay committed to adding meaningful value to the microfinance sector in Pakistan. The launch event was attended by senior representatives of regulatory bodies, and of the microfinance and the larger financial sector, as well as by customers of Advans, the media, and other invitees. PR

CEO Advans Pakistan Zine El Abidine Otmani, Chairman Advance Pakistan Claude Falgon, and Director, Masood Karim Shaikh, Elko Bronkhorst, and Hugo Minderhoud, on the brand launching ceremony of Advance Microfinance Bank.

Paramount Fine Foods opens its doors in sindhi muslim society

KARACHI: In a ribbon cutting ceremony held yesterday, the Paramount Fine Foods team celebrated the grand opening of their new restaurant at Sindhi Muslim Society with the children from Dar-ul-Sukun and Karachi Down Syndrome Program. Paramount Fine Foods which originates from Canada is the fastest growing authentic Middle Eastern cuisine franchise that has restaurants around the globe including Mississauga, Ontario, Canada, USA and Lebanon. It will also be opening its doors in UK soon. PR

PoweR seCToR ReCeivABLes jumP 10 PeR CenT, TouCh Rs 805 BiLLion ISLAMABAD



AKISTAN’s power sector receivables rose to Rs805 billion by end of January 2018, posting a 10 percent increase in 1st seven months of FY 2017-18 compared to endJune 2017 when they stood at Rs730 billion. Official documents revealed power distribution company’s collection slumped 10.3 percent, touching Rs655.94 billion by end of January 2018 compared to the billing of Rs731.71 billion in first seven months of FY 2017-18, reported media reports. Also, provinces receivables rose to Rs139.38 billion by end of January 2018 against Rs115 billion in June 2017. The billed amount for the first seven months of FY 2017-18 for provinces stood at Rs77.76 billion against a collection of Rs53.50 billion.

NAB summons 19 Customs Intelligence officials in Hino trucks auction case

Rs4.72 billion by end of January 2018 against Rs1.35 billion reported in June 2017. Its billing stood at Rs12.95 billion against a collection of Rs9.59 billion. A major contributor to the low receivable figure of Sindh is because of Rs50 billion write-off which was approved by the Economic Coordination Committee (ECC) to the provincial government. Baluchistan’s receivables at end of January 2018 stood at Rs9.94 billion compared against Rs6.75 billion in end of June 2017. Its collection stood at Rs0.69 billion against billing of Rs3.87 billion. Receivable of the private sector swelled to Rs600 billion by end of January 2018 compared against Rs554.8 billion in June 2017, as Disco’s failed in improving recoveries from this sector. Collection of the private sector stood at Rs580 billion against billing of 624.87 billion by end of January 2018.


Kse 100 index loses 259.85pts, settles at 46071.86





The National Accountability Bureau (NAB) Balochistan has summoned nineteen officials of Customs Directorate of Investigation and Intelligence Quetta in the case pertaining to the auctioning of Hino trucks without body and chassis frames. Documents available with Pakistan Today indicate that the NAB Balochistan has called on the officials of Customs Intelligence in Quetta before Deputy Director Waqar Rafiq to record their statement. “Whereas the competent authority has taken the cognizance of an offence committed by the officers of Customs Intelligence Department Quetta and others under the provisions of NAO 1999, the inquiry has revealed that following officers are in possession of information whatsoever, which relates to the commission of said offence (s).” The officers are Director Irfan Javed, Deputy Director Abdul Mueed, Supredendent Fareed ud din Masood, Investigation Officers Shabir Ahmed, Bashir Tabbasum, Sepoys Baz Muahmmad, Ghulam Abbas, Zubair, Aurengzeb, Khan Muhammad, Waqar, Noor ud din, Naseeb Ullah and Drivers Razi Bhatti, Najeeb Ullah, LDCs Khurram, Zohaib, Salar and WO Shoaib Nawaz. In addition to this, NAB directed the officials to explain the mechanism and personnel(s) responsible for the transportation of vehicles in and out of the Farooq bonded warehouse. Further, it has sought the provision of the names of owners of said vehicles as well as any other information relevant to the fact in the issue. It is pertinent to mention here that customs Intelligence Quetta had seized a number of chassis frames worth millions. The officials, on paper, showed these frames as full trucks which were subsequently auctioned. According to rules, the body and chassis frames cannot be auctioned. Earlier, the NAB Baluchistan had sought details of government-approved auctions for MCC Quetta and Directorate of Intelligence and Investigation, Quetta along with details of all auctioned Hino trucks without body and chassis frames since 2013, especially from Farooq bonded warehouse.

Off to a rocky start the 100 Index saw reduced market participation in the early hours as market participants opted to stick to sidelines while they waited for the verdict of the Supreme Court (SC) on the duration of disqualification of legislators. Following the verdict, where the SC handed over a lifetime ban on politicians holding office after legal disqualification, the 100 Index extended its intraday slide down south and lost 259.85 points (-0.56 per cent) to close at 46,071.86. Market Volume and Turnover remained on the back burner (down -31 per cent and -11 per cent respectively) on d/d basis as market volatility shot up amid rising political uncertainty. Utilities (40.8 per cent of total turnover – down 24.3 per cent on d/d basis) topped the volumetric charts, thanks to KEL (34.4 per cent of total turnover – down 23.94 on d/d basis) with Materials (28.3 per cent of total turnover – down 31.2 per cent on d/d basis) and Financials (15.4 per cent of total turnover – down 24.8 per cent on d/d basis) following two steps behind. Major drag to the 100 Index performance came from Materials (-0.84 per cent), Industrials (-0.75 per cent) and Energy (-0.66 per cent) amid profit taking in LUCK (-2.47 per cent), DGKC (-3.26 per cent), ENGRO (-0.78 per cent), FCCL (-2.21 per cent), MLCF (-2.18 per cent), ICI (2.23 per cent), TRG (-1.21 per cent), OGDC (-0.89 per cent), PPL (-0.74 per cent) and PSO (-1.39 per cent) as profit taking took center stage. Rumors relating to a price decrease of cement in the southern region along with lack of clarity on provision of relief to fertiliser manufacturers in GIDC amendment bill 2018 led to heavy profit taking in Materials in particular Cements and Fertilizers. For the outgoing week, the 100 Index lost 565.76 points (-1.21 per cent) with main contribution to downside coming from HBL (-4.48 per cent), LUCK (-4.34 per cent) and UBL (-3.13 per cent) taking away -301 points. Market participation for the 100 Index declined to 105.27 million shares (-31.3 per cent on d/d basis). Major contribution to total market volume came from KEL (+0.71 per cent), EPCL (-1.73 per cent) and FFL (+0.95 per cent) churning 57.62 million shares out of the All Share volume of 197.39 million shares. Daily traded value for the 100 Index declined to $50.02 million from $56.69 million in the previous session (-11.76 per cent on d/d basis); DGKC ($5.01 million), UBL ($4.53 million) and GHNL ($4.32 million) were among top contributors from the traded value perspective.

Pakistan holds huge potential in renewable energy, requires reforms to tap it: IRENA ISLAMABAD ONLINE

KARACHI: Special Assistant to the Prime Minister, Ali Jehangir Siddiqui receiving a memento from Talib Karim, President, Institute of Business Management (IoBM) after his talk at the university. PR

Punjab’s receivables soared to Rs3.92 billion from Rs1.63 billion previously. Billing to Punjab was recorded at Rs14.99 billion against the collection of Rs12.74 billion. Outstanding arrears of KhyberPakhtunkhwa were recorded at Rs20.22 billion in January 2018 against Rs19.65 billion in June 2017. Billing in the above-mentioned period stood at Rs3.88 billion against a collection of Rs3.16 billion in KP. This is inclusive of Rs18.6 billion determined for KPK power consumers for the period September 5th, 2008 to September 15th, 2010 because of tariff differential after withdrawal of KPK case from Peshawar High Court. Adjustment of these receivables of KP has been linked to the markup payable on net hydel profit arrears, owed to as recommended by the province. Sindh’s receivables were recorded at

Pakistan possesses huge potential in the realm of renewable energy, but lacks a clear target in this sector, said the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) based in Abu-Dhabi. In a detailed overview of the country’s renewable energy landscape, IRENA said the country needs to raise its energy security and bolster its energy access, reported Dawn. IRENA said in its report ‘Renewables Readiness Assessment’ Pakistan requires converting political ambition into something which can be comprehended by investors and demanded a clear target to be set in this regard. The report stressed the importance of es-

tablishing a clear target with a fixed commitment to renewable energy portfolio standards, which would be more productive due to being decreed by law and guarantee its measurability. Such development would provide confidence to investors they wouldn’t be endangered in wake of political climate changes in the country. According to IRENA’s determination, Pakistan would need to enact an act ratified by the parliament which would help in designating of renewable energy portfolio standards to distribution utilities. Furthermore, IRENA’s determination found out Pakistan has an economic and technical hydropower potential of around 60 gigawatts (GW). Also, the report highlights Balochistan

and Sindh has a 50GW of theoretical wind potential. IRENA projected around 25 million tons of biomass feedstocks from agricultural residue and biomass feedstocks could be made available annually for power generation purposes. Pakistan’s installed capacity of renewable and alternative energy sources in 2013 stood at 0.2 percent, which now had risen to 5.2 percent of total installed capacity in 2018, said Minister for Power, Awais Ahmed Khan Leghari in IRENA’s report. Current policy reforms, regulatory changes, investment incentives and infrastructure development are focused on the provision of cheap, clean and uninterrupted electricity supply with a share of renewable energy rising slowly over time.


Saturday, 14 April, 2018

Punjab sports ministers applauds Bilal for winning CWG bronze Lahore: Punjab Sports Minister, Jahangir Khanzada has applauded young wrestler Mohammad Bilal for winning Pakistan’s third bronze medal in the ongoing Commonwealth Games 2018 at Gold Coast, Australia. Bilal became the third Pakistani athlete to win a bronze medal at the Commonwealth Games 2018 after he defeated English wrestler George Ramm by 3:1 classification points in the 57kg category of men’s freestyle wrestling. The 22-year-old wrestler from Gujranwala had earlier defeated Malta’s Gary Giordmaina and Sri Lanka’s Divoshan Charles Fernando. In his congratulatory message here on Friday, Jahangir Khanzada showered praise on young wrestler. He hoped that Pakistan contingent will clinch more medals in the remaining competitions of the mega event. APP

Athlete Arshad Nadeem qualifies for main round of CWG Lahore: Pakistani athlete Arshad Nadeem has qualified for the final round of javelin throwing in the 21st Common Wealth Games in Gold Cost, Australia. According to information made available here on Friday by the Athletic Federation of Pakistan (AFP), Arshad has also established a new national record. His throw was 80.45m and his previous national record was 78.33m. Arshad will compete in the final round on Saturday and it is hoped that he will bring a laurel for the country by putting up a fine performance. APP

Pakistan takes 7th Place in 2018 cWG hockey Gold Coast



AKISTAN came from behind to defeat Canada 3-1 by taking 7th place in the positional match of the hockey competition of the XXI Gold Coast 2018 Commonwealth Games at Hockey Club ground on Friday. Canada went ahead in the first quarter through James Kirkpatrick goal in open play. The North Americans kept the lead intact till the end of the second quarter. Pakistan were the far better side in the second half. Arslan Qadir equalised before Mubashar Ali, who defeated Pakistan’s top scorer in the competition with four goals and put his team ahead off a penalty corner. In the last quarter Mohammad Irfan Jr completed the tally with his third goal of the event. For Pakistan’s Arslan Qadir, Mohammad Irfan Jr, Mubashar Ali slammed in on penalty corner while for Canada, James Kirkpatrick scored an early goal on the field attempt in the very outset of the match and then Pakistan got the 7th position, while Canada finished at number 8th. New Zealand and Australia book place for hockey final. Earlier, New Zealand booked a gold medal clash with Australia after scoring a thrilling shootout victory over England in their

semi-final. Scores were locked at 0-0 at full-time, before the penalty heroics of Captain Stacey Michelsen and back-up goalkeeper Grace O’Hanlon guided the Black Sticks to victory. The second semi-final between Australia and India was also a low-scoring affair, with both sides struggling to break the deadlock. It took a moment of brilliance from Australia’s Grace Stewart to give her side the lead, as she pounced on an errant pass into the attacking circle to slam home the game’s only goal. India took its goalkeeper off the field with four minutes remaining in the second half as it pushed for an equalizer. But the stoic defence of the Hockeyroos was up to the task, holding strong after some fantastic saves from seasoned goalkeeper Rachael Lynch. Grace Stewart celebrates her goal for Australia against India in the hockey semi-finals. In the day’s other games, Scotland produced its finest performance of GC2018 to defeat Malaysia 6-2 and finish in seventh place. Malaysia finished eighth. And it took a shootout to separate Wales and Ghana, with the Welsh women finishing on a winning note and securing ninth position. Commonwealth Games debutant Ghana finished in 10th place. In Men Freestyle 65kg quarter-final Abdul Wahab beat Adam Vella Malta on points

12-2. He got more points in the first bout of 10 points and 2 points in the second round. Reaching to the semi-final mean another victory would earn him another medal for Pakistan. In the Men’s 97kg freestyle Umair Ahmad of Pakistan lost to Jordan Steem of Canada on 11-0 in the semi-finals. In the Men’s Freestyle 65kg semi-final Abdul Wahab beaten by Vincent De Marinis of Canada on points by 10-0 in the first round. Kathryn Mitchell breaks javelin record to claim emotional gold. Australian Kathryn Mitchell broke the Commonwealth Games and Australian record on her first javelin throw and then promptly broke down when she realized she had won the gold medal. Her first throw of 68.92m was the longest throw in the world for five years and the best of the night to claim the gold medal. The 35-year-old started her career at the 2006 Melbourne Commonwealth Games, but this was her first medal. She finished 6th in Melbourne, 5th at the Delhi 2010 Games and fourth at Glasgow 2014. Anish, a 15-year-old shooter from India fired into Games history when he grabbed gold medal in the shooting of being the youngest ever shooter of the Games. Anish shot into history when he spun his magic in the men’s 25m rapid fire pistol at the Belmont Shooting Centre.

FIFA proposes revamped version of Club World Cup

Zurich: FIFA has proposed that a revamped and enlarged version of the Club World Cup, planned to start in 2021, would include all European champions, runners-up and Europa League winners from the four seasons up to and including the year of the event. The new tournament would be held every four years instead of annually, would feature 31 matches and would need to generate between $650 million and $1 billion in revenue to be commercially viable, according to proposals put forward in a FIFA document seen by Reuters. Aside from the European teams, there would be four or five from South America, none or one from Oceania and two each from Asia, CONCACAF and Africa. They would be divided into eight groups of three with the group winners progressing to the knockout stage. The last four winners of Europe’s Champions League would all qualify along with the runners-up and the previous four winners of the second-tier Europa league. The four most recent winners of the Copa Libertadores, the South American equivalent of the Champions League, would also take part.

The document said that “it is crucial that all participating clubs are qualified based on sporting merit.” If the same team qualified more than once, a replacement would be chosen using a coefficient system. The plan runs the risk that a team which qualifies three years ahead of the event could potentially suffer a decline in the intervening period. In theory, a team could even be relegated in the meantime and, although that would be highly unlikely in Europe, it is a possibility in South America where teams break up very quickly. Play-offs would be held to determine which two of the previous four African, Asian and CONCACAF champions would qualify. In outlining the proposals, FIFA said “it is undeniable that the potential for a successful elite international club competition is immense in all senses.” The document added that “the tournament (Club World Cup) has yet to fulfil its full potential as a top-class international competition for clubs.” “It is FIFA’s vision to build a new club competition that is exciting, dynamic, inclusive and prestigious, through which a true world club champion will be crowned,” it stated. AGENCIES

Arsenal drawn to face Atletico Madrid in Europa League semifinal NyoN AGENCIES

Arsenal will face Atletico Madrid in the semifinals of the Europa League in a mouth-watering clash of two big clubs that have taken a backseat in their domestic leagues in recent years. French club Marseille will play FC Salzburg, a club backed by soft drinks giant Red Bull, in the other semifinal. Arsene Wenger’s Arsenal will play the first leg at the Emirates Stadium against Atletico, led by French triker Antoine Griezmann. Wenger, whose side plays Man United away in the Premier League between the two semifinal legs, had identified Atletico, Champions League finalists in 2014 and 2016, as the most dangerous side in the draw. “Everybody speaks about Atletico

Madrid that they look the strongest team on paper,” he said, but he also described Marseille as a difficult place to go. The first legs will take place on April 26 with the second on May 3. “They are a similar kind of club to us,” Atletico Madrid director Clemente Villaverde said at the draw in Nyon. “Arsenal is a great team, they’re up there every year fighting for trophies and getting deep into their European competitions,” he said. Arsenal reached the last four of the Europa League after surviving a scare against CSKA Moscow in Thursday’s quarterfinal second leg in the Russian capital. Danny Welbeck and Aaron Ramsey both scored late in the game for Arsenal to calm nerves after CSKA had raced into a 2-0 lead on the night. The London side won 6-3 on aggregate. Atletico lost 1-0 to Sporting in

Lisbon Thursday but advanced 2-1 on aggregate. British bookmakers William Hills make Madrid hot favorite to win the competition, but explained why Arsenal fans still have reason for optimism. “It could be argued that Arsenal need this more than Atletico as a route into the Champions League next season,” said William Hill spokesman Joe Crilly. “Their Europa League form has been in stark contrast to their Premier League form during the second half of this season and they have every chance of progressing,” Crilly said. Marseille overcame a first-leg deficit to beat German side Leipzig 5-3 over two legs in their quarterfinal, while 1994 finalists Salzburg produced the shock result of the night by defeating Italian side Lazio 4-1 at home to win 6-5 on aggregate.



Saturday, 14 April, 2018

Seven, Fox Sports bag Australia’s cricket rights in billion-dollar deal sydNey AGENCIES




IKO Kovac is returning to Bayern Munich as coach next season after impressing at Eintracht Frankfurt. The 46-year-old Kovac, who played for Bayern from 200103, agreed to a three-year contract starting in July, the Bundesliga champions said Friday. “We’re very happy that we could win Niko Kovac as a new coach for Bayern,” sports director Hasan Salihamidzic said. “Niko was a player at Bayern, he knows the characters and the structures and the DNA of the club very well. We are convinced

that he is the right coach for the future of FC Bayern.” The former defensive midfielder will take over from Jupp Heynckes, who stepped out of retirement to take charge at Bayern last October but has long said he will not continue beyond the end of the season. Bayern’s attempts to convince the 72-year-old Heynckes otherwise were unsuccessful. Kovac will be joined at Bayern by his younger brother Robert as an assistant coach. The 44-year-old Robert Kovac also previously played for the club. Kicker magazine reported that Bayern would pay a fee of 2.2 million euros ($2.7 million) to trigger a release clause in Kovac’s existing contract with Frankfurt.

Kovac had a deal through June 2019 with his current club. Despite relative inexperience after a stint in charge of Croatia, Kovac saved Frankfurt from relegation after taking over in March 2016 and led the team to the German Cup final the following season. Champions League qualification is possible this season after another stellar campaign. Kovac, who was born in West Berlin to parents of Croatian descent, has been praised for fusing together a team of many nationalities, and for its high-pressing attractive style of play. He won over the players through tactical nous, commitment and by convincing them of the

value of sacrifice for the team. “The coach keeps the team together brilliantly. Respect is hugely important in such a collective. Everyone respects the other,” Frankfurt forward Kevin-Prince Boateng said earlier this season. Bayern was initially in talks with former Borussia Dortmund coach Thomas Tuchel, but he informed the club that he had agreed to take over another team while it was still trying to convince Heynckes to stay. Kovac will need to adjust to instructing established stars at Bayern, rather than young players of promise still eager to learn, and he will be expected to maintain the club’s high standards.

The Seven Network and Fox Sports have bagged the broadcast rights for Australian home cricket for the next six years, signing a deal worth AUD 1.182 billion with Cricket Australia. The deal represents a significant jump in revenue for CA, with the previous five-year deal with Channel Nine (international cricket) and Ten (Big Bash League) having been worth around AUD 600 million in total. The size of the new deal allays any fears that Australian cricket may have become a less attractive commodity in the wake of the ball-tampering scandal that broke during the recent tour of South Africa. Free-to-air Seven will partner with Fox to simulcast all men’s Test matches and women’s internationals, 43 BBL games and 23 WBBL games each season. This is the first time all of Australia women’s matches are guaranteed a free-to-air broadcast. “What we are particularly proud of in this partnership is the focus on extending our broadcast coverage of women’s matches,” CA chief executive James Sutherland said. “Our partners are key to inspiring more women and girls to pick up a bat and ball. If more elite content is accessible to fans be it on TV or through their mobile devices, we’re helping tap into new audiences to attract them to the sport.” Men’s home limited-overs internationals, however, will move behind a paywall for the first time, with Fox Sports set to exclusively showcase men’s ODIs and T20Is, as well as the remaining 16 BBL matches. The deal also involves a digital partnership between Fox Sports and Cricket Network, which will offer streaming of matches not shown on Fox Sports or Seven, as well as on-demand highlights of all Australian cricket. The new deal ends Channel Nine’s four-decade-long association with Australia’s home summer. “Our thanks go to Channel Nine, who for more than 40 years has broadcast international cricket at a world-renowned standard – and in so doing has done more to promote our sport than any organisation in Australian cricket history,” Sutherland said. “Our sincere thanks also to Network Ten for their role in taking the Big Bash League to a new level, and for so willingly providing a platform to launch and grow the Women’s Big Bash League. As a startup League, the BBL is a phenomenal success story. Over the last five years, Ten Sports has made an extraordinary contribution to the league and its growth in bringing new fans to cricket.

‘Extremely close’in China as Hamilton edges Raikkonen in practice BeijiNG AGENCIES

Lewis Hamilton set the pace for Mercedes in free practice on Friday at the Chinese Grand Prix but fierce rivals Ferrari were just a whisker behind as the teams headed for another clash in this weekend’s race. The British reigning world champion topped the timesheet with a best lap of one minute and 33.482 seconds in Shanghai, just .007 seconds ahead of Ferrari’s Kimi Raikkonen in

windy, moist conditions. Hamilton’s teammate Valtteri Bottas was third, followed by season points leader Sebastian Vettel of Ferrari. The annual battle between the sport’s two giants has taken on an unexpected complexion, with Mercedes anxious for a win in Shanghai on Sunday after Vettel stunned the champions with wins in both Australia and Bahrain. A mere 0.108 seconds separated the top four in Friday’s practice. Hamilton said it was “good to see all the times so close.”

Aussie boxer fights once, loses, but still wins bronze GoLd coast: Australian flyweight Taylah Robertson won boxing bronze on Friday at the Commonwealth Games — despite losing her one and only bout. In a bizarre turn of events, the 19-year-old home hope was given a bye in the seven-woman competition by the computer-generated draw, propelling her straight into the semi-finals. That meant a certain bronze, even though she was beaten on a split-points decision by former skull-fracture victim Lisa Whiteside of England. With the bout over three rounds, each three-minutelong, Robertson’s Games lasted just nine minutes. Whiteside, 32, who suffered a serious fracture in a freak fall in 2015, will face Carly McNaul of Northern Ireland in Saturday’s final. A disconsolate Robertson said she took no satisfaction from winning bronze and felt she did enough to beat Whiteside, who was the aggressor throughout. “She came forward strong, I didn’t think she landed the cleaner shots,” said Robertson. Asked if it felt an unsatisfying bronze, she replied: “Yeah, it does. I came here for gold.” She also pulled no punches when asked if she could take anything out of her nine-minute cameo at the Games on Australia’s Gold Coast? “No, nothing,” she answered. “I didn’t come here for bronze.” There was better news for another Australian female boxer as Anja Stridsman reached Saturday’s lightweight final to guarantee at least silver after what she called “a tumultuous journey”. AGENCIES

“But it means that we really need to bring our A game. We need everyone in the team to be on it throughout the weekend because it’s a joint effort.” Added Bottas: “It’s looking extremely close again with them (Ferrari) so I think tomorrow is going to be a close qualifying and for sure Sunday as well.” Both Vettel and Hamilton are chasing a fifth world title this year. Mercedes are hopeful they can get things back on track on a Shanghai circuit where Hamilton is tough to beat. The Englishman is easily the most

successful driver in the 14-year history of the Chinese race with five wins, and he buoyed Mercedes hopes of a fightback by leading the pack in both of Friday’s sessions. Max Verstappen of Red Bull had to settle for fifth-fastest in practice, followed by Nico Hulkenberg driving for Renault. Kevin Magnusson was seventh for Haas, ahead of Renault’s Carlos Sainz and Verstappen’s teammate Daniel Ricciardo. Ricciardo said: “Overall, we aren’t looking too bad and I hope we can be in

the fight with Ferrari and Mercedes.” Two-time former world champion Fernando Alonso of McLaren rounded out the top 10. Vettel raced to victory in Australia to open the Formula One season, following up with a tense triumph over Mercedes last weekend in Bahrain. Ferrari has capitalised on a range of problems afflicting the champions, from software bugs to communication problems and grid penalties, but team principal Toto Wolff has vowed Mercedes will bring their “A game” in Shanghai.

Jubilee Life Insurance sponsors polo championship islamaBad StAff REPoRt

Jubilee Life, Pakistan’s largest life insurance provider in the private sector was the title sponsor of the recently concluded Jubilee Life Insurance Polo Cup 2018 played by zealous sportsmen at the Islamabad Polo Club. Aun Rizvi of the Jubilee Life team played a crucial role and scored 2 goals, thus driving the team to a leading position and eventual victory. As a result, the Jubilee Life team won this tournament by 4-7 against team Shahtaj. The Jubilee Polo Team consists of Edward Eve (member of English Polo Team), Aun Muhammad Rizvi, Turab Muhammad Rizvi and the Captain Shoukat Ali Malik. Speaking at the occasion, Jubilee Life Insurance Manag-

ing Director (MD) Javed Ahmed said, “As the leading private life insurance company in Pakistan, we are committed to promoting partnerships for the betterment and fostering of sports. Sponsoring this tournament is yet another testimony to Jubilee Life’s philosophy to support & promote sports in Pakistan. We hope this tournament paves the way for the revival of international sports in the country.” “Sports is essential for learning discipline as it


teaches the participants to come as a combined force in pursuit of a unified goal. Whether it’s in the form of polo, cricket, football or hockey, it shapes and refines the structure of a society and this is what we have to facilitate which I’m glad Jubilee Life is eagerly facilitating,” said Habib Metropolitan Bank Group Executive Talib Rizvi, who was the chief guest at the occasion. Given polo’s legacy of over 2500 years, it is

renowned to have been a game of kings. It is a game that spread from Persia to presentday Iran in the 6th century AD and all the way up to Arabia, Tibet, China and then later Japan. The Mughals were known to have introduced this sport in the Indian Subcontinent in the 13th century. Polo is an eminent game in Pakistan that receives extensive coverage and draws participation from distinguished local and foreign dignitaries.

SPORTS Saturday, 14 April, 2018

Wahab has noT Won us a Game In TWo years: arThur LAhoRE

Two Indian athletes kicked out of CW Games over needle find Gold Coast: Two Indian athletes were kicked out of the Commonwealth Games on Friday after syringes were found in their accommodation, a breach of tournament rules. Triple jumper Rakesh Babu and race-walker Irfan Kolothum Thodi were stripped of their accreditation and ordered to take the first available flight home, Games president Louise Martin said. A cleaner found a syringe in a cup on a bedside table in their room, and an Australian anti-doping official found another in Babu’s bag. It comes after India was cleared of doping but given a strong reprimand for unauthorised use of syringes after an unwell boxer was given a vitamin injection. “Rakesh Babu and Irfan Kolothum Thodi are with immediate effect not permitted to participate in the Games,” Martin said. “We have asked the Commonwealth Games Association of India to ensure both athletes depart Australia on the first flight available,” she added. Babu, 28, will now miss the men’s triple jump on Saturday. Thodi, also 28, finished 13th in the 20 Km race on Sunday. The Commonwealth Games has banned unauthorised use of syringes in a bid to stamp out doping. No failed drugs tests have been reported at the Games, but pre-tournament testing snared three Australian athletes and a number of foreign competitors. AGENCIES

Winless teams look to kickstart season MuMbai: Two games each, two losses each. It doesn't mean too much given the length of an IPL season. Mumbai Indians have come back from worse starts and gone on to win titles, and both they and Delhi Daredevils can tell themselves their results so far do not fully reflect how they have played. Mumbai have lost two excruciatingly tight games, one of which they had no business losing. Daredevils could say they got on the wrong end of DLS in their last match. But the table simply says both teams have played two and lost two. Both teams need to start winning, ASAP. There's nothing in the personnel or balance of either side to suggest they can't do this, but some of the biggest names from both sides are yet to fire this season. We could, therefore, be one Glenn Maxwell or Rohit Sharma innings, or one Jasprit Bumrah or Trent Boult spell, from seeing their respective teams shoot up the table. One of these two teams, however, will lose Saturday's game, their third in a row, and that - for all of Mumbai's past escapades - will be a hard place to rebound from. Hardik Pandya missed Mumbai's last match; he did not travel to Hyderabad having suffered a twisted ankle earlier. He has not regained 100% fitness yet and did not train full tilt on Friday evening. He bowled for under 20 minutes in the nets and batted for a marginally longer duration, taking throwdowns from batting coach Robin Singh and a few others; that means his participation on Saturday is still in doubt. the likely Xis Mumbai indians: 1 Rohit Sharma (capt), 2 Evin Lewis, 3 Ishan Kishan (wk), 4 Suryakumar Yadav, 5 Krunal Pandya, 6 Hardik Pandya/Ben Cutting, 7 Kieron Pollard, 8 Mitchell McClenaghan/Pradeep Sangwan, 9 Mayank Markande, 10 Jasprit Bumrah, 11 Mustafizur Rahman delhi daredevils: 1 Gautam Gambhir (capt), 2 Colin Munro, 3 Shreyas Iyer, 4 Glenn Maxwell, 5 Rishabh Pant (wk), 6 Chris Morris, 7 Vijay Shankar, 8 Rahul Tewatia, 9 Shahbaz Nadeem, 10 Mohammed Shami, 11 Trent Boult. AGENCIES



AHAB Riaz has become the latest casualty of coach Mickey Arthur’s drive towards a highperformance culture within the Pakistan squad. So low has Wahab’s stock fallen that he was not even part of the 25 probables recently chosen for a training camp, from which a squad will be chosen to tour Ireland and England this summer. Arthur was moved to question Wahab’s training “work ethic” in justifying the decision, as well as providing the scathing assessment that he had not “won us a game in two years”. Pakistan’s selection panel, headed by Inzamam-ul-Haq, has chosen five fast bowlers – Mohammad Amir, Muhammad Abbas, Hasan Ali, Mir Hamza and Rahat Ali – for the camp. The allrounder Faheem Ashraf is also available and the 17-year-old left-arm sensation Shaheen Shah Afridi is in the pool as a developmental pick. Sixteen will be chosen from the 25 in the final squad. “He has not won us a game in two years,” Arthur told ESPNCricinfo. “I expect players that have been around for a long time to be winning us games and setting standards. Otherwise, we will invest in younger players who have long futures. We have good youngsters around. [Dropping] Wahab is a big decision but we have chosen a squad according to the time of year, country and conditions. The guys need to push themselves and get out of their comfort zones.” Wahab did undergo a fitness test, where he registered a score of 17.4, which qualifies as a passing mark. But Arthur wanted him to touch 19 – an unofficial benchmark set for a fast bowler. He was outdone by the newcomer Afridi, who scored 18. “I cannot fault Wahab when he has a ball in his hand but his work ethic around training is something needs to be looked at,” Arthur said. “I am changing the culture in this Pakistan environment and I am not interested in players doing just the bare minimum. I want players winning us games of cricket and pushing themselves to be the best they can be. This is a high-performance envi-

ronment, not an environment where mediocrity is accepted. Unless you are winning games consistently, you are under pressure for your position.” At 32, and already out of favour from the white-ball squads, the omission leaves Wahab’s international future very much up in the air. Although he debuted for Pakistan in 2008, it is only since the summer of 2014 when – returning under the tenure of Waqar Younis – Wahab became a fixture in the side. Waqar was understandably keen on the threat of his pace and a slingy action good for reverse. Since then he has built a career of memorable spells, rather than a memorable career itself. Lead among those in the World Cup 2015 spell in Adelaide, but there was an immense nineteen-over spell in the afternoon heat of Dubai against England, that set up a win; there were key interventions on the Test tour to England in 2016; and in his last Test, against Sri Lanka in Dubai, he blitzed through the top order and nearly turned around a Test that had no business being turned around. Often forgotten is that he was Pakistan’s highest wicket-taker on the disastrous Test tour of Australia in 2016-17. In between, there have been plenty of frustra-

tions – ineffective performances, an unchecked no-ball problem, and good-but-wicketless spells. And there were the problems with his run-up in Dubai last year, where he pulled up from delivering five times in a row, the apoplectic reactions of Arthur in the dressing room only adding to the theatre. With the white ball in hand, he has faded sharply. He last played an ODI nearly a year ago against India in the Champions Trophy – his figures that day read 8.4-0-87-0 – and his last T20I came in April last year against West Indies; he returned figures of 4-0-44-1. Since the start of 2016, however, he is Pakistan’s second-highest wicket-taking fast bowler in Tests and, by some metrics, the most effective. And in the recently concluded Pakistan Super League, Wahab was the joint top wicket-taker with Faheem, with a better economy rate (6.90) than Faheem’s (7.75). In Wahab’s place selectors have recalled another left-armer, Rahat Ali, who has been out of national contention since 2016 following a heel injury. He comes back into the mix with Arthur looking to instill some discipline with the ball in English conditions, something he doesn’t trust Wahab to do.

Pakistani weightlifters return home from CW Games 2018 LAhoRE AGENCIES

Pakistani weightlifters Nooh Dastagir Butt and Taha Talib have come home after winning bronze for the country at the 2018 Commonwealth Games in Gold Coast. Nooh, who is 22 years old, bagged bronze in the +105kg weightlifting competition, while Taha Talib won a bronze medal in the men’s 62 Kg weightlifting competition. Nooh success continued when he successfully lifted 222 Kg after he conquered lifting 173 Kg. He was able to lift the weight in his first clean and jerk attempt which sealed his chance of a medal. He further on attempted to lift 228 Kg in a second and 231 Kg in a third attempt to reach gold but could not make it. However, his lifting of 395 Kg is a junior commonwealth record. Pakistan bagged one more medal on Thursday when Mohammad Bilal wrestled to score Pakistan’s third medal of the games.

De Villiers powers RCB to win over Kings XI BENGALURU AGENCIES


AB de Villiers smashed 57 to power Royal Challengers Bangalore (RCB) as it won by four wickets and three balls to spare against Kings XI Punjab in the Friday’s encounter of Indian Premier League (IPL) in Bengaluru. The chasing team continued their streak of winning full-length matches at the 2018 IPL, with Royal Challengers Bangalore collecting the two points on this occasion. Umesh Yadav's three wickets in one over set the game up early after which the South African duo of Quinton de Kock and AB de Villiers brushed aside a slight hiccup to take the hosts to a comfortable four-wicket win. RCB's victory

helped the franchise arrest their fivematch losing streak at the Chinnaswamy. At one point, it didn't look easy for RCB, especially after they lost both Brendon McCullum and the captain Virat Kohli inside the Powerplay. But the 54run partnership between de Kock and de Villiers did enough to take the pressure off the chase, after which Chris Woakes and Washington Sundar saw the team through to the win. In the first innings, Kings XI made 155, but should've made more after a blazing start courtesy KL Rahul and Mayank Agarwal. At the end of the match, the losing captain R Ashwin confessed that Kings XI were "twenty runs short", and that - one could say - was the eventual difference between the two sides.

Published by Arif Nizami at Qandeel Printing Press, 4 Queens Road, Lahore. Ph: 042-36300938, 042-36375965. Email:


Despite the batsmen getting RCB across the line, it was their bowlers who set the game up. Umesh Yadav returned figures of 3 for 23, which included a triple-wicket over and was assisted by useful spells from Kulwant Khejroliya and Sundar. Royal Challengers Bangalore: 1 Brendon McCullum, 2 Quinton de Kock (wk), 3 Virat Kohli (capt), 4 AB de Villiers, 5 Mandeep Singh, 6 Sarfraz Khan, 7 Washington Sundar, 8 Chris Woakes, 9 Kulwant Khejroliya, 10 Umesh Yadav, 11 Yuzvendra Chahal Kings XI Punjab: 1 KL Rahul (wk), 2 Mayank Agarwal, 3 Karun Nair, 4 Yuvraj Singh, 5 Aaron Finch, 6 Marcus Stoinis, 7 Axar Patel, 8 R Ashwin (capt), 9 Andrew Tye, 10 Mujeeb Ur Rahman, 11 Mohit Sharma.

E paper pdf 14th april (lhr)  
E paper pdf 14th april (lhr)