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14 October, 2018 I 04 Safar, 1440 I Rs 25.00 I Vol IX No 105 I 100 Pages I Karachi Edition

2018 polls were fairesT of Them all, says army g

isPr dg says those alleging Pakistan arMy oF rigging Polls Failed to ProdUce sUPPorting evidence



Pakistan to share chinese debt details with iMF

says arMy has no role in accoUntability or anticorrUPtion drive, will work to strengthen deMocracy


he July 25, 2018 polls were the freest and fairest elections in Pakistan’s history, and the armed forces made it possible for the people to exercise their right to vote, Pakistan Army said Saturday. Talking to journalists in London, InterServices Public Relations (ISPR) Director General Asif Ghafoor said that Pakistan witnessed a record voter turnout in the 2018 elections. The military spokesman stressed that allegations of rigging had been made, but no evidence had been brought forward in this regard. ‘NO ROLE IN ACCOUNTABILITY’: Major General Ghafoor also said that the armed forces have no role in the accountability process and anti-corruption drive. “We have our hands full on the eastern and western border. The army is having to maintain the security of the country. Army has its own stringent mechanism of accountability and it’s the most robust and toughest. It happens at various levels and no one is above accountability,” he said. he stressed that the army believes that democracy is the only way forward and as an institution, Pakistan Army has provided full support to democratic institutions. “We will work to make sure that democracy continues in Pakistan,” he said. “Whenever the army chief talks to any foreign dignitary, we talk about Pakistan and not about the army.” The army spokesperson called on all institutions to stand by each other and work together. “Army always stands by institutions, not with individuals.” On the previous Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz (PML-N) government, the army spokesperson said their leadership listened to each and every demand of the Pakistan Army and provided funds for the war against terrorism and fence on the porous Pak-Afghan border. “The PML-N government approved the operation against militancy and fully cooperated. We cannot allow a porous border. The barricade is not meant to be a divide between the two countries.” The spokesman added that in Pakistan there was freedom of expression, but the media faced pressures related to the economy. he was of the view that the international media should highlight positive stories about Pakistan, opining that a lot of negativity is shared about the wartorn country. “A case in point is FATA reforms. We have not seen any objective story in the western press about this, but reports keep coming up on alleged human rights violations,” he said. ‘PEACEFUL COEXISTENCE’:


Finance Minister asad UMar says Pakistan will conteMPlate all other oPtions iF bailoUt terMs are UnaccePtable STORY ON PAGE 12

Maj Gen Ghafoor believed that a thriving democracy was a result of peaceful coexistence. “The beauty of democracy is that political differences exist. Pakistan has the same but differences should be ethical and without abuses and attacks. Through the power of vote first, the PML-N governed, then the PTI and in the future, it will be someone else,” he said. he lamented that it was unfortunate that the army had been dragged in some matters. “Pakistan Army is an organised institution. We have to strengthen all institutions including the police and bureaucracy.” Citing the example of the UK, the ISPR DG stressed that police was more powerful than the army and the same could happen in Pakistan as well. he said, “The army can fight terrorists but this is the job of the police and our army has been doing the job of the police for many years.” Police and judicial reforms are important and it was the government’s responsibility to bring reforms and legislation, he suggested. ‘NO LINK WITH MUSHARRAF’: While commenting on his “the year of change” tweet, he said this was taken out of context. he informed reporters that former army chief Gen (r) Raheel Sharif was in Saudi Arabia on a contract approved by the government. he said ex-president Gen (r) Pervez Musharraf was out of Pakistan because he came into politics. “he [Musharraf] is a retired army general and the army has nothing to do with his politics. We have no linkage with ex-president Musharraf regarding his politics.” The ISPR DG dispelled impressions that seven former army generals were outside of Pakistan, telling reporters that only Sharif and Musharraf were outside, while others including Kayani, Kakar and Karamat were living

in the country. ON INDIAN ‘SURGICAL STRIKE’: The army spokesperson said that Pakistan will launch 10 if India carries out one surgical strike. he categorically stated that the surgical strike is a myth and India was running lies to discredit Pakistan. “We have the power to retaliate within 10 minutes if any adventure is carried out. There should be no doubt about that,” he asserted. he said that the freedom movement of Kashmiris is indigenous and does not have external support. “Independence of Kashmir is in the DNA of Kashmiris … the movement for freedom is completely independent, India knows it well that there is no interference from Pakistan, Kashmiris are fighting for the war of their survival and India knows … They are freedom fighters and not terrorists,” he added. Commenting on the China-Pakistan economic Corridor (CPeC), the ISPR DG said that the project will strengthen country’s economy and it is the responsibility of the armed forces to provide security to the project. Maj Gen Ghafoor went on to say that today’s Pakistan is better than yesterday’s Pakistan, adding: “We are heading towards better days.” he emphasised Pakistan’s success in the war against terrorism. “We are the only success story in the Muslim world in terms of what we have achieved. 76,000 people have laid down their lives for peace and stability in Pakistan,” he said. The military spokesman stated that due to the war against terrorism, the systems had eroded. “We need to correct those systems and in the last five years those systems have started working well.”

PM urges youth to participate in Clean and Green campaign


sc shames ‘incompetent’ nab STORY ON PAGE 02


All set for by-polls in 35 constituencies today g

LAHORE: ECP staff delivers ballot boxes to a polling station under the supervision of army personnel. ONLINE


toUgh contest exPected between Pti’s hUMayUn akhtar and PMl-n’s saad raFiqUe in lahore’s na-131 seat


PMl-n’s shahid khaqan abbasi to give toUgh tiMe to Pti’s ghUlaM MohiUddin in lahore’s na-124 byPoll STORY ON PAGE 03



Sunday, 14 October, 2018

SC ShAmeS ‘inCompeTenT’ nAB ISlAMABAD



HIEF Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Mian Saqib Nisar on Saturday shamed the accountability watchdog over its consistent failures, saying NAB has “done nothing but make a mockery out of people". The Supreme Court (SC) was conducting a suo motu hearing on the matter of ex-Punjab University vice chancellor Dr Mujahid Kamran and four other former university officials being brought to a court in handcuffs. The National Accountability Bureau (NAB) Lahore had arrested Kamran and the other professors over allegations of corruption, illegal appointments and nepotism and brought them to court to seek physical remand. The CJP on Friday had taken notice of the "disrespectful" way the professors had

US forces biggest impediment to Afghan peace talks, Taliban tell Khalilzad A US negotiating team met Taliban officials at the group’s Doha political office on Saturday in a renewed push by the Trump administration for a political solution to the deadly conflict in Afghanistan, according to a report in the local media. According to a Taliban spokesperson, the team, led by US Special Representative for Afghanistan Zalmai Khalilzad, met with Taliban officials, including chairman of the Taliban political office Abdul Haq Stanikzai, deputy chairman Maulvi Abdul Salam Hanifi, Sheikh Shahabuddin Daleora, Qari Din Mohammad Hanif, Alhaaj Mohammad Zahid Ahmadzai and Muhammad Saheel Shahin. The ongoing conflict in the war-torn country was discussed by the two sides and the huddle focused on political solutions to the 17-year-long conflict, said Taliban spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid. The Taliban officials told the US delegation that the presence of foreign forces was the biggest hurdle in bringing peace to Afghanistan. The also said that Afghanistan is an Islamic country and it has its own Islamic culture and value which has to be safeguarded for a real solution to the Afghan imbroglio. According to Mujahid, the two sides agreed to meet again for another round of talks. The State Department, however, declined to say whether the meeting with Taliban officials in Doha took place. “We can’t confirm specific meetings or the content of diplomatic conversations,” said a State Department spokesperson, speaking on condition of anonymity. “Special Representative Khalilzad held a number of meetings with a wide range of stakeholders as part of his trip to explore how best to reach a negotiated settlement to the conflict in Afghanistan,” the spokesperson added. NEWS DESK

been handcuffed and brought to court. At the outset of the hearing, NAB Lahore Director General Saleem Shahzad issued an apology before the court and conceded that it had been a mistake to handcuff the teachers as it inadvertently humiliated them. "I am deeply ashamed and ask the whole nation for forgiveness," he said. The court ordered Shahzad to personally apologise to Kamran and the other professors and instructed that a written apology also be submitted to the court. "If you are at fault, I will give instructions for the registration of a case against you," Chief Justice Saqib Nisar warned, adding: "Then you can go around seeking bail and I can put you in handcuffs [for the world to see]." Upon hearing this, Shahzad got teary-eyed, prompting the chief justice to further remark: "Now that you yourself are in the hot seat, you are moved to tears." Scrambling to offer some explanation for

decision to arrest the PU professors, the DG NAB said: "We put Mujahid Kamran in handcuffs due to security reasons. I have gone and personally apologised to him and the other professors." The NAB prosecutor, in the bureau's defense, continued: "We have done a great deal to fight corruption." "What have you done? What has NAB done?" CJP Nisar retorted, adding that NAB had done "nothing but make a mockery out of people". "I had high hopes for you, but look at what you're doing. If you are not fit to serve this post then you must leave it," he said, addressing Shahzad. "Tell me, do you want to work for this institution or not? You put into handcuffs people who provided education to children. I saw the video [of the handcuffed university officials] at 12 in the night and called up the NAB chairman. He said he was unaware of the incident and assured me that the Lahore DG NAB will satisfy me in this regard," the

CJP SAYS ACCOUNTABILITY WATCHDOG HAS ‘DONE NOTHING BUT MAKE A MOCKERY OUT OF PEOPLE’ JUSTICE NISAR REPRIMANDS NAB LAHORE DG FOR PUTTING PU EX-VC, PROFESSORS IN HANDCUFFS chief justice said. "Putting Mujahid Kamran and other professors in handcuffs is akin to killing their dignity. I will not tolerate the disrespect of teachers in this manner," the chief justice warned. The hearing concluded with the submission of DG Shahzad's written apology, which was accepted by the court.

PTI moves to withdraw bill seeking amendment to blasphemy law ISlAMABAD



Leader of the House in the Senate Syed Shibli Faraz has submitted a request to the Senate Secretariat for the withdrawal of the Prevention of Electronic Crimes (Amendment) Bill 2018. The bill had been moved on the directions of the Islamabad High Court after (then) Justice Shaukat Aziz Siddiqui had ordered last year that those who make false accusations of blasphemy should be given the same punishment as those convicted of blasphemy under the law. However, in a statement, Federal Minister for Religious Affairs and Interfaith Harmony Pir Noorul Haq Qadri said that the government was determined to restore the bill to its "original soul" under Section 295-C of the Pakistan Penal Code (PPC). Section 295-C was introduced in 1986 mandating the death penalty for “use of derogatory remarks in respect of the Holy Prophet (PBUH)”. Qadri also said that PTI members in the National Assembly and the Senate will strongly oppose any amendments to Section 295-C. The minister also said that Information Technology Minister Dr Khalid Maqbool Siddiqui had submitted a motion in the Senate to withdraw the bill on Sept 27, which was still pending. He added that another motion to withdraw the amended bill was sub-

5m houses will be built at all costs, says info minister

File Photo

mitted on Oct 11. Syed Shibli Faraz had also submitted a request to the Senate Secretariat on Sept 19 to withdraw the amended bill. In a statement, a Senate spokesperson said that the House had handed over the bill to the relevant committee. The approval to present the bill in parliament was given by the cabinet of former prime minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi on May 29, 2018. A draft of the bill was presented to the cabinet by former minister for information technology Anusha Rehman with the aim to curtail irreverent content (gustakhana muwad). After the approval of the cabinet, the bill was sent to the House and presented in the Senate on Sept 19, after which it was forwarded to the relevant committee. In his request,

the leader of the house noted that approval to present the bill was received from the cabinet of the previous government and in order to constitutionally present the bill in the House, the approval of the current government was necessary. He added that the PTI government had no relation to the bill which is why a request to withdraw it had been submitted to the Senate Secretariat. On Wednesday, Jamiat UlemaIslam Fazal (JUI-F) Senator Maulana Abdul Ghafoor Haideri had announced that he would boycott meetings of the Senate Standing Committee on Information Technology if in-camera meetings were held to discuss equal punishments for those convicted of blasphemy and those who make false accusations of blasphemy.

Federal Minister for Information Fawad Hussain on Saturday said the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) government was ambitious to build five million residential units for the people and it would achieve the target during its tenure. “The detractors of Imran Khan always remained skeptical that he would never become prime minister or set up Shaukat Khaunum Memorial Hospital and Namal University, but he achieved the impossible,” the minister said while talking to media persons after attending a session on ‘Justice for Empowerment’ during Asma Jahangir Conference 2018 at a local hotel. To a question, Fawad said corruption was the only threat to democracy and his party had waged a war against the menace. The roots of the current financial crisis were sown by senseless borrowing by the former rulers during the past 10 years. The government would not spare the ‘dacoits’, who had looted the national wealth, he added. “I have submitted a resolution in the National Assembly for the constitution of a parliamentary committee to determine the accused among the former rulers, who raised the country’s foreign debts from Rs 6,000 billion to Rs 30,000 billion during the past 10 years,” he said, adding the committee should submit its findings in one month and the responsible should be declared ‘national culprits’. To another query, Fawad said the PTI government did not want to pick up the ‘begging bowl’, but the bad policies of the previous regimes had entrapped the country in the economic crisis.

Censorship detrimental to fundamental rights, say panelists CJP SAYS ONLY DEMOCRACY WILL BE ALLOWED TO FUNCTION lAHORE SAMIULLLAH RANDHAWA

The participants of the Asma Jahangir Conference on Saturday resolved that the imposition of censorship in the name of national interests must end as it is detrimental to the fundamental rights. The twoday conference to pay a tribute to late Asma Jahangir kicked off on Saturday in a local hotel which was attended by lawyers, politicians, journalists, and human right activists from Pakistan and abroad. Thousands of participants, including students and people from every walk of life, were among the attendees. Among the guest speakers for the inaugural ceremony were Supreme Court (SC) Chief Justice (CJ) Mian Saqib Nisar, IA Rehman, former secretary general of the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) Ahsan Bhoon, SC Advocate Anwarul Haq Pannu, Lahore High Court (LHC) Bar Association President Pir Kaleem Khurshid, SC Bar Association

President Kamran Murtaza, Pakistan Bar Council Vice Chairman Kamla Bhasin, Afghan activist and scholar Orzala Nemat, Ambassador of the European Union to Pakistan Jean-François Cautain, former Australian high court judge Michael Kirby, Pakistan Bar Council member Azam Nazir Tarar, former LHC Bar Association president Abid Saqi, and Jahangir’s daughter Sulema Jahangir were among the moderators. Minister of Information and Broadcasting Fawad Chaudhry also participated in the event. The participants expanded their great gratitude to the vision and legacy of Jahangir while discussing the rule and law situation in the country. They devised strategies for the promotion of justice by

strengthening the rule of law and democracy, protection of fundamental rights, ensuring the independence of judiciary and mainstreaming gender-related issues. Nine different sessions were held where speakers shared ideas. CJ Saqib Nisar, during his address to the participants, said that Asma Jahangir was his mentor in the field. “I learnt a lot from her and tried to utilise my expertise in my profession,” he said. Commenting on the prevailing political situation, the chief justice said only democracy will be allowed to function in the country. Renowned journalist IA Rehman was of the view that the whole nation has become silent with the silence of Jahangir. While throwing light on her life,


he admitted that she had great courage which could not be measured. “She was a voice of every voiceless. She was committed to defending democracy and rule of the law in the country,” Rehman added. Former prime minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi said that he had never seen such a courageous person in his whole life. “Today, the leadership deficit prevails in the country but Asma was a leader who fulfilled her commitments. She not only raised her voice but also took practical steps,” he said while adding that even dictators, politicians and judges were frightened of her determination. During his address, Abbasi also grilled the National Accountability Bureau’s (NAB) “selective” anti-corruption derive in the country. He was of the view the NAB had no mechanism to hold a person accountable. “The current NAB law is trash as it was designed to prosecute politicians alone,” he said, suggesting that the only solution to make a politician accountable is through polling. Awami National Party (ANP) leader Bushra Gohar, in her speech during “Strengthening Democracy and Rule of Law” session, said that true democracy could not prevail in the country since the military had intervened throughout history either directly or indirectly. While criticising the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI)

government, she said that the situation has become worst for democracy in the country. “Chief justice and Imran Khan have become sandbags and there is a need to know who is behind them,” she added. Information Minister Fawad Chaudhary said that Pakistan has come on the right track where there is no direct threat to the rule and law. While criticising Gohar, he said that during ANP’s five-year tenure in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Asfand Yar Wali stayed in Dubai. He also alleged that the ANP government procured substandard bullet-proof jackets for police personnel who were fighting against terrorists. “Democracy comes under threat when there is an absence of accountability while corruption also threatens the rule of law,” he concluded. Panelists from Pakistan and those from across the globe, including India, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, Nepal, and the United States (US) discussed cybercrime awareness, suggesting the need of improvement in the current data protection laws. Furthermore, the panelists also concluded that a distinction should be drawn between cybercrime and cyber-terrorism. “Academic Freedom and Freedom of Expression for Youth and Students” session concluded that there is a dire need to give importance to the autonomous academic freedom.

CMYK Sunday, 14 October, 2018




HE Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) has completed preparations for the Sunday bypolls to be held in 35 national and provincial constituencies across the country under the supervision of army personnel. Over 9.9 million ballot papers have been printed for the by-polls in which over 100 candidates, including some big names of politics, are contesting for 35 national and provincial assembly seats. The seats include 11 from National Assembly, nine from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Assembly, 11 from Punjab and two each from Balochistan and Sindh assemblies. Polling will begin at 8:00 am in the morning and continue till 5:00 pm without any break. According to data provided by Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP), over 5 million registered voters, including 2.3 million women and over 2.7 million men, will cast their votes in 7,489 polling stations across the country, of which 1,727 polling stations have been declared sensitive. According to details shared by the ECP, 848 out of total 5,193 polling sta-

2018 pollS were fAireST of Them All, SAyS Army cOntInuED fROM pAEg 01 On Karachi, he said terrorism and crime rate were diminishing in the Sindh’s capital. “There used to be 2-3 blasts a day, but it has been peaceful. Karachi has come down in the crime index. Our bureaucracy and others have worked together,” he responded to a question. ON PTM: The DG ISPR said that Pakistan has no issue with the Pashtun Tahafuz Movement (PTM) but there are concerns about the way it’s operating and the message it is trying to portray to mislead Pakistanis. He said that the PTM leader Manzoor Pashteen was a Pakistani who studied at an army school and at no point, the army has said anything against him. “The issue is wider and beyond any individual. Pakistan Army has made unprecedented sacrifices in FATA and other areas, coming to the area and clearing it of terrorists who had made these areas havens of terrorism against Pakistan. We cannot forget that it’s in these areas that Pakistanis and its armed forces were attacked and football played with the remains of the deceased. Where were all those people then when terror was being unleashed from these areas?” he asked. The army spokesperson went on the say that the “our enemies are doing their best to sow seeds of discord amongst Pakistanis. We understand that Manzoor Pashteen has no power to organise these protests abroad but we do know who is behind these protests and the sources of funding.”


All SeT for By-pollS in 35 ConSTiTUenCieS TodAy

tions in Punjab, 544 of total 1,555 in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), 201 of total 544 in Sindh and 134 of total 197 in Balochistan have been classified as ‘highly sensitive’. An official of the ECP said that security cameras had been installed at all the sensitive polling stations which would be guarded by army troops. He said deployment of troops was started on Friday and that the troops would remain deployed there till October 15, a day after the polling. The designated in-charges of army personnel deployed in and outside the polling stations will enjoy the powers of a magistrate first class during the entire period of their deployment and will be empowered to summarily try those found involved in impersonation, capturing of

polling stations or violation of other relevant provisions of the law. District returning officers and returning officers for the by-elections have also been given powers of magistrate first class. According to reports, 40,000 army personnel will be performing duties at polling stations, while around 100,000 police personnel will be performing their duties on polling day. According to ECP, army personnel will be posted inside and outside the polling stations to deal with any untoward situation. Ballot papers and other polls related material will be dispatched under the supervision of army personnel. Directives have also been issued to the power ministry to not go for load shedding during poll timings.

ECP has also issued a code of conduct for the security staff to follow. The security staff will be answerable to the presiding officer and the returning officers (RO) and will not interfere during the counting process. ECP spokesperson stated that the ballot papers have been handed over to the presiding officers under the supervision of army personnel. “641 candidates submitted their nomination papers for the byelections but only 372 will be contesting,” the spokesperson further said. The campaign time for the candidates ended on Friday midnight as they increased the pace of their campaigns during past week. In Lahore’s NA-131, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf’s (PTI) Hamayun Akhtar and Pakistan Muslim

PM Imran urges youth to participate in Clean and Green campaign ISlAMABAD STAFF REPORT

Prime Minister Imran Khan on Saturday kicked off the ‘Clean and Green Pakistan’ campaign and planted a sampling while visiting a school in Islamabad. Speaking at the occasion, the premeri urged students to spearhead the movement as they held the keys to the future and it was imperative to tackle global warming. Speaking about pollution in Pakistan he said “we are littering our country, polluting our rivers. The level of pollution is high in Punjab. We are seventh on the list of countries most af-

fected by global warming”. PM Imran also vowed to make Pakistan cleaner than Europe in five years. He emphasised the importance of the youth’s participation, calling students the

“biggest contributors” to fundraising efforts for the construction of the Shaukat Khanum Cancer Hospital. In light of ‘Billion Tree Tsunami’s’ success in Khyber-

Pakhtunkhwa, PM Imran said the government would now plant 10 billion trees across the country and added that sewerage and sanitation systems will also be improved as part of the drive. Stressing the need for cleaning the slum areas of Islamabad, the premier said, “We’ll have to fix our slum areas. We will regularise them and provide them sanitation and sewerage system, landfill sites will also be a part of the cleaner Pakistan,” Khan said. “The students have actively participated in my fundraising campaign and I look up to you once again. If you decide to make Pakistan clean, it will happen.”

League-Nawaz’s (PML-N) Saad Rafique will face each other on Sunday. Meanwhile, former prime minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi will face PTI’s Ghulam Mohiuddin in NA-124. In Karachi, PTI is expected to face tough competition from its ally Muttahida Qaumi Movement-Pakistan (MQM-P). This will be the first time that overseas Pakistanis will cast their votes in the by-polls. Earlier on Thursday, ECP established 27 monitoring teams to monitor the byelections. The teams will examine the distribution of polling equipment and training of the polling staff. Further, these teams will check the security arrangements inside the polling stations, votes of overseas Pakistan and the result transmission system (RTS).

parliamentary commission to trace people behind economic crisis The government has decided to form a parliamentary commission to identify the people behind the economic crisis, a private news channel reported on Saturday. According to the report, Prime Minister Imran Khan has directed the relevant authorities to consult Parliament for the commission, which was approved in the federal cabinet meeting held on October 11. The commission will investigate causes of the present economic crisis and identify those responsible behind it, the report said. The report further said a resolution regarding the formation of the parliamentary commission has been submitted in the National Assembly Secretariat by Information Minister Fawad Chaudhry. The information minister is expected to present the resolution in the National Assembly, which states the joint parliamentary commission will present a report regarding the people responsible for the economic crisis in a month’s time. NEWS DESK

Game on in Lahore NA-131 as PTI, PML-N face off lAHORE ABDULLAH NIAZI

The by-election battle in Lahore between Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) and Pakistan Muslim League – Nawaz (PML-N) has boiled down to the NA-131 constituency, where both the parties are going to give each other a run for their money. Despite PTI being the incumbents in both Punjab and the centre, PML-N looks set to once again win their three traditional seats and give a tough time to the ruling party in the one constituency that they won back in July. Four seats from Lahore are up for grabs today as the voters of NA-131, NA-124, PP-64 and PP-65 will head to the polling stations once again to elect new representatives after the previous ones vacated their seats. The by-polls are significant as they will likely bring back to parliament former prime minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi, who is contesting for NA-124, and might send the PTI’s already precarious numbers in Punjab a little bit towards the edge. Meanwhile, PTI will be looking to retain NA-131, the Lahore seat which its chairman and now Prime Minister Imran Khan won by a mere 680 votes. NA 124: THE LION’S DEN: It is a testament to the strength of the League in NA124 that their candidate for the by-election is not even from Lahore, let alone from the constituency. Former premier Shahid Khaqan Abbasi won his first National Assembly election from a Rawalpindi (Muree) constituency back in 1988 as an independent candidate and has been coming to the parliament on that seat ever since. And while Abbasi has been in Lahore quite often in recent days, it has not been to get to know his new constituents. The embattled former PM has had his hands full with the treason case currently being heard against him in the Lahore High Court (LHC) and his campaign is being run by League

loyalists and Hamza Shehbaz’s goodwill in the area. While this may seem like very little, it is enough to have the PTI nearly hopeless regarding NA-124. “We have been campaigning hard and are doing our best to mobilise the people and try to get an upset,” Ghulam Moheyudin Dewan, PTI’s candidate in the constituency, said while speaking to media. It would be unfair to say that PTI has no support in NA-124. Their candidate for the July 25 elections, Nauman Qaiser, had secured nearly 81,000 votes. Yet the support paled in comparison to Hamza Shehbaz, who sailed through the election with nearly 150,000 votes to his name. And while Dewan is putting up a brave face in front of the media and his supporters, he is in no illusions as to his position in NA-124. That the PTI is in dire straits in the area is clear even to the party. While Dewan is a noted local figure and a sitting member of the Azad Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly, his own party seems less than interested in his electioneering. “The response from our own party towards this election has been very disappointing,” his campaign managers told Pakistan Today. Even though Dewan once again tries to save face by saying that the matter is settled, he has not denied reports that in a meeting with PM Khan, he lodged complaints regarding the indifferent attitude of the provincial government and ministers regarding the party’s faith in the constituency. With such odds stacked against him, Ghulam Moheyuding Dewan seems fated to fall before the might of the League in NA-124, and Shahid Khaqan Abbasi looks slated to become another former prime minister sitting in the National Assembly. NA 131: TROUBLE IN PARADISE? With Imran Khan out of the picture, it seemed that Saad Rafique would breeze through NA-131 in the by-elections. There


had only been a difference of 680 votes between him and Imran Khan back in July, and Saad Rafique seemed to have more goodwill in the constituency than any politician the PTI could hope to put up. His likely contender was going to be Waleed Iqbal, an old PTI hand and the grandson of Allama Iqbal. Yet Rafique was not out of the doldrums just yet. Already dogged by NAB, it was soon revealed that Waleed Iqbal was being sidelined for a much more formidable candidate in the shape of Humayun Akhtar Khan. A veteran politician, Humayun Akhtar had joined the PTI a mere week before the election. A familiar face in this particular constituency, many in the area felt that the final swing that tipped Imran Khan over the finishing line was the support that Humayun Akhtar brought with him. “I have a 25-year history with this constituency. 95% of the development work that took place here took place under my watch,” Humayun Akhtar has said. And indeed, back in his League days, he showed some real steel by defeating Ahsan Iqbal in NA-93 back in the 1993 election when it was still known as the “Larkana of Lahore”. One of the major complaints that Saad Rafique has is the alleged gerrymandering of his constituency, in which he claims many rural strongholds of the League have been cut away. “Still, if one-fourth of the voters in this constituency are from posh areas like defence, the remaining three-fourths are from the middle, working class middle income voters that have their loyalties with us and the League” he has claimed. Yet Humayun Akhtar seems undaunted by what is supposed to be the class divide between the PTI and PML-N. “I am a voter-friendly person. My slogan is voter ko izzat doh, and not ‘vote ko izzat doh’. People remember the work we have done on roads and development in this constituency and they will vote for me.”

There is little love lost between Khawaja Saad Rafique and Humayun Akhtar. Akhtar calls him rude and corrupt, accusing Rafique of having vested interests in the constituency, saying that voters do not appreciate that their prospect MNA might soon go to jail while Khawaja Saad refers to Humayun Akhtar as a turncoat. “I don’t see how I am a turncoat. I am the one that opened this constituency for the League back in the 90s. And even in 2013, my faction of the PML-Q had simply allied with the PML-N not merged,” Akhtar has said. Meanwhile, Khawaja Saad claims that everyone knows the reality of what NAB is and is not doing and who they are and are not targeting. With tensions high and already some reports of violence during the campaign, the fate of NA-131 is delicately poised, but it would seem that Humayun Akhtar has the edge for now. PP 64 & 65: Much like NA-124, PP-64 and PP-65 seem to be easy sailings for the PMLN. Both seats were vacated by PML-N President Shehbaz Sharif. For the by-elections, the party has awarded ticket to Malik Saiful Maluk Khokhar in PP-164 and Sohail Shaukat Butt in PP-165. Both are experienced politicians and have deep roots in the respective constituency. Malik Saiful Maluk Khokhar, who previously was twice elected for the Punjab Assembly, had lost the last election on NA seat to the PTI. Shaukat Sohail Butt was elected as a PML-N MNA in 2013 elections but in the last election, he was not awarded a ticket. Meanwhile, against them, the PTI has awarded ticket to its previous candidate Yousaf in PP-164 and Mansha Sindhu in PP165. Mansha twice lost the election to Shehbaz Sharif for the NA seats. While the competition seems tilted in the PML-N’s favour, Mansha Sindhu says that he feels the tide might turn because of Shehbaz Sharif’s arrest by NAB as it is showing the constituents the “true face of the Sharifs”.


Sunday, 14 October 2018


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PTI PoIsed To BaG KaRaChI seaTs Karachi


Staff RepoRt

HE by-elections are all set to be held for NA-243 [East-II] Karachi and PS-87 [Malir] today. While the NA-243 seat had been left vacant after Prime Minister (PM) Imran Khan’s resignation, elections on the latter were postponed due to the death of Tehreek Labbaik Pakistan (TLP) candidate Mohammad Sharif. The now premier had bagged around 91,373 votes as compared to Muttahida Qaumi Movement’s (MQM) Ali Raza Abidi who secured 24,000 votes in the recently held General Elections 2018. However, MQM had later cried foul and levelled allegations of rigging on the winning party. NA-243 has now been allotted to a social activist of Fix-It, Alamgir Khan who has a huge following owing to his campaigns on multiple civic issues. Other candidates who will be contesting the byelection include MQM’s Aamir Waliuddin Chisti,

Pak Sarzameen Party’s (PSP) Syed Asif Hasnain, Pakistan Peoples Party’s (PPP) Hakim Ali and Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan’s (TLP) Syed Nawazul Huda. Meanwhile, Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) while withdrawing its candidate Sharfat Ali, has decided to root for PPP’s candidates. According to the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP), a total of 216 polling stations will be set up in the constituency that has 402,731 registered votes. These include 211,510 male and 191,221 female voters. The total number of election booths in this constituency is 864. In terms of areas, NA-243 encompasses Dohraji, Pir Ilahi Bux Colony, PECHS Block II, Bahadurabad, and parts of Gulshan-e-Iqbal, Gulistan-e-Jauhar as well as, a few adjoining areas. A rather tough competition is expected between PTI and MQM while it is pertinent to mention here that PSP, a party that has not won a single seat in the last general elections, is claiming to be a strong contender for this seat. PS-87: Sajid Jokhio, an experienced PPP candi-

President urges people, govt to joint Clean and Green Pakistan drive Karachi Staff RepoRt

President Dr Arif Alvi on Saturday urged the people as well as, all concerned government departments to collectively take part in the ‘Clean and Green Pakistan’ drive to bring success to this initiative. Addressing a ceremony held in connection with the Action Day of five-year Clean and Green Pakistan, the president said that Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) had also preached the followers to keep their surroundings clean. He was accompanied by Karachi Mayor Wasim Akhtar, public representatives and people from all walks of life. The president collected trash from the venue and put it in the bag for proper disposal to set an example. He reminded people that it was everyone’s responsibility to keep not only their houses but also their environment and atmosphere clean. He said that besides spiritual purity, Islam also taught the followers to maintain the physical cleanliness. He said the Holy Prophet used to wash hands five times a day while performing ablution as well as, before and after taking the meal despite the fact that the Arab region faced water scarcity, an action which manifested the importance of cleanliness. The president said it was the people who owed responsibility for put garbage in trash bins instead of throwing it on streets. “This follows the duty of the government departments to collect and dispose of it properly,” he added. He said if the Clean and Green Pakistan meets success, it would also help tackle the issue of water shortage in the country, besides calling for measures to take remedial measures to address the issue.

date who is set to contest from this area for the fourth time on a provincial assembly, has claimed a stronghold on this seat whereas, the PTI is fielding its candidate Sardar Qadir Bux Gabool against Jokhio. Interestingly, Bux was earlier affiliated with the PPP himself. Furthermore, TLP’s Khalid Brohi, Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal’s (MMA) Qari Hamdullah Haqqani, Sindh United Party’s (SUP) Javed Shar and Wali Jan of the Grand Democratic Alliance (GDA) are also contesting from this constituency. According to the ECP, the total population of this constituency stands at 387,000, out of which 146,142 people are eligible to vote. The actual contestwill however be between the PPP and PTI without a doubt. PPP- PML-N alliance: Meanwhile, PPP and PML-N leaders while announcing on Friday that the PML-N would not contest and support PPP’s candidates in Sindh instead said, “PPP will support PML-N in Punjab and we have withdrawn our candidate in support of PPP in Sindh”.

Malnutrition kills two more children in Tharparkar 493 CHILDREN HAVE DIED IN THARPARKAR THIS YEAR ALONE TharParKar Staff RepoRt

Two more children died due to malnutrition within the past 24 hours in Tharparkar, Sindh as child death toll continues to climb. The two children, aged five and eightdays old, died at the Civil Hospital in Mithhi, according to the Sindh Health Department. Approximately 493 children have died in Tharparker this year while 17 have died this month alone. Poor medical facilities, malnutrition and infections cause deaths of 1,500 children each year, according to the health department. A UNICEF report released this year listed Pakistan among countries with the highest rates of infant mortality. “Pakistan is the riskiest place to be born as measured by its newborn mortality rate,” the report stated. “A baby born in Pakistan is almost 50 times more likely to die during his or her first month than a baby born in Japan, Iceland and Singapore.” Earlier on October 11, four minors under treatment for malnutrition at the Civil Hospital in Mithi had also passes away. A report released by the United Nation’s Children Fund in April stated that Pakistan is among countries with the highest infant mor-

tality rates, with 22 infants dying before turning one month old. Among these countries, eight are in Africa and two in Asia, including Afghanistan which is ranked third. “Pakistan is the riskiest place to be born as measured by its newborn mortality rate,” the report stated. “A baby born in Pakistan is almost 50 times more likely to die during his or her first month than a baby born in Japan, Iceland and Singapore.” Advisor to Sindh Chief Minister (CM) on Information, Law and Anti-Corruption Barrister Murtaza Wahab on October 9 had said that despite the notices taken on Thar situation by the president and prime minister, no step has yet been taken by the federal government for the relief of drought-affected people.

Former investigator of Baldia factory fire case receiving threats, court told Karachi INp

Former investigation officer of the Baldia factory inferno case Jahanzeb on Saturday moved an application in an anti-terrorism court seeking directives for Karachi police to provide him protection. In his application, he stated that he has been receiving calls from unknown numbers, threatening him with dire consequences. Public prosecutor Sajid Mehboob told the ATC judge that the police are ready to provide protection to the former IO. He said police will help trace the callers extending life threats. The ATC, meanwhile, directed the SSP West to provide protection to inspector Jahanzeb. More than 250 labourers lost their lives when the factory Ali Enterprises, located in the city’s Baldia Town area, was allegedly set ablaze in September 2012. However, the loved ones of the victims are still awaiting justice and the verdict in the case has not been announced. A major development took place after three years in 2015 as the investigation report stated that the factory was set ablaze on the directives of a political party’s stakeholder. “The fire that engulfed the factory was an outcome of a preplanned scheme and that it was no accident,” revealed the Joint Investigation Team report. “The factory was set ablaze over non-payment of Bhatta – extortion money.” Sources said the JIT report stated that MQM sector in-charge Rehman alias Bhola and Karachi Tanzeemi Committee (KTC) in-charge Hammad Siddiqui had demanded Rs 200 million extortion from owners of the factory.

Robbers shot father, son upon resistance Karachi INp

Three criminals were injured and arrested with arms, bike, and other looted valuables after an exchange of fire here on Saturday. Robbers shot injured father and son upon resistance, police said During an operation against outlaws in Malir city, criminals opened fire at police which led to an exchange of fire. Three criminals were injured in the retaliatory firing of police and arrested besides recovery of arms, snatched bike, cash, cell phones, and other looted valuables. In Korangi No 4 Karachi, armed robbers shot injured father and son upon resistance during a robbery attempt. The injured of both incidents were shifted to different hospitals of respective areas and the police after registering separate cases at concerned police stations have started investigation.

Experts discuss developments in neuroscience at conference Karachi ppI

Leading scientists from Spain, United States of America (USA) and the United Kingdom (UK) came together to share the latest developments in brain research at the 4th Annual Neuroscience Conference at Aga Khan University (AKU) on Saturday. Experts at the conference discussed emerging research into diseases of the mind, brain and central nervous system while also deliberating on ways to expand the breadth and depth of neuroscience research in Pakistan. Jointly organised by the Pakistan Society of Basic and Applied Neuroscience (PASBAN), the Advanced

Educational Institute and Research Center (AEIRC), and an international consortium of over 200 leading scientists, The Science Bridge, the conference brought together speakers from multiple national and international universities to discuss advances in therapies for brain diseases, new insights into warning signs or biomarkers for brain injuries and tumours and new developments in our understanding of the mechanisms of neurodegenerative and psychiatric disorders that have the potential to treat and perhaps even cure such disorders in the future. “For a subject as important as neuroscience, there is a significant lack of interest in Pakistan,” said


AKU Department of Surgery Chairman Professor Ather Enam in his introductory remarks. “The Annual Neuroscience Conference is the only conference in Pakistan that brings the country’s neuroscientists together,” he added. Speakers at the conference explored a number of puzzling areas of neuroscience such as how the replication of the brain’s memory circuits using computer simulations is shedding light on the complex operations of the brain. They also discussed issues such as how brainwave frequencies affect our health and shared progress studies on whether new electrical stimulation therapies could help treat ailments such as a migraine and dry

eye syndrome. The conference was preceded by a two-day short course, essentials of neuroscience, which was aimed at providing students and young researchers an overview of the key topics in this emerging field. One of the partners on the conference, The Science Bridge, was launched to promote international life science collaboration and global harmony. It is supported by highranking institutions and includes 29 Nobel laureates. Last year, it also paired with Pasban for the annual conference with the goal of building stronger interactions between neuroscience research institutions in the East and the West.


Sunday, 14 October, 2018

Global leadership split in tabliGhi Jamaat echoes in san Francisco bay area

counter currents


abDus sattaR ghazali

HE Tablighi Jamaat, a non-political group which concentrates on individual piety, has split in recent years into three major groups over leadership issue. Since its inception in 1929, the Tablighi Jamaat (TJ) had its global headquarters in Basti Nizamuddin in New Delhi, India. However in recent years Maulana Saad Khandalvi, grandson of the TJ founder Maulana Muhammad Ilyas Kandhalawi has claimed sole leadership of the TJ. This has caused severe split in the TJ as the TJs in Pakistan and Bangladesh have refused to accept the leadership claim of Maulana Saad Khandalvi. Hence the TJ has split into three main factions: Bangladesh, where biggest annual TJ ijtema known as Biswa Ijtema is held in Tongi with around two million people attending. India was the traditional headquarters of the TJ. This faction is now called Nizamuddin group who recognize the leadership of Maulana Saad Khandalvi. Pakistan, where a major TJ ijtima is held in Raiwind, Lahore. This faction is known as Raiwind group. Like many countries, the USA also

has very active Tablighi Jamaat. However, it is not known where is the markaz or headquarters of the TJ America. Chicago, Detroit, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, Atlanta, New York, and Washington, D.C., are the major centers of the Jamaat’s activities in the United States. According to a Voice of America report of January 2016, U.S. officials estimate that the Tablighi Jamaat has some 50,000 followers in mosques in the United States. The Tablighi Jamaat is also very active in the San Francisco Bay Area with its markaz or center in Richmond mosque. However, the TJ in Richmond mosque is now allied with Nizamuddin (Delhi) leadership and recently expelled the TJ group allied with Raiwind, Pakistan. Incidentally, the Raiwind leadership had no place to go, hence they occupied the Islamic Society of East Bay mosque which is already facing a serious dispute between the members who want to run the mosque in secrecy (which they were doing for the last 20 years or so) and the ISEB founding and senior members who want to run the mosque transparently and complete the third phase of the mosque. On Tuesday, October 9, a Tablighi Jamaat, led by Mufti Shokat Ali from India visited the Islamic Center of Fremont, CA, known as Irvington Mosque. I met with the leader or Amir of the Indian TJ and other members of the group to explain the dispute over leadership at Richmond mosque. They were apparently not aware of the leadership dispute here. Their reaction was that they only convey a message of fraternity and peace. Tellingly, Mufti Shokat Ali addressing the people after the Isha (night) prayer pointed out that mosques are the cleanest places on earth but unfortunately they are also centers of in-fighting. Perhaps Mufti

Shokat Ali was alluding to the leadership in-fighting of Tablighi Jamaat. It may be recalled that on June 19, 2016, followers of the two senior leaders of Tablighi Jamaat, Maulana Saad Kandhalwi and Maulana Zuhair ul Hassan, clashed physically over the issue of assuming top most leadership at the world headquarters of Tablighi Jamaat at Bangle Wali Masjid located in Basti Hazrat Nizamuddin in Delhi. This clash happened during the holy month of Ramadan. According to report, after Iftar and maghrib prayer the groups belonging to Maulana Saad Kandhalwi and Maulana Zuhair ul Hassan were discussing the issue of Amarat (leadership) which turned into brawl leading to violent clashes inside the mosque. The situation became so aggressive that police was called from eight police stations to control it. As many as 11 injured were taken to hospital for treatment. The situation became so sensitive that the police had to keep a close eye on the gathering whole night. The issue of leadership of the worldwide Tablighi movement is not new. Since the passing away of Maulana Inaam ul Hassan popularly known as Hazrat ji, a shura was appointed instead of one Amir. Shura consisted of Amir of Tablighi Jamaat Pakistan Haji Abdul Wahhab, Maulana Zubair ul Hasan who is the son of Inamul Hasan, and Maulana Saad Kandhalwi son of Maulana Yusuf Kandhalwi, the second Amir of the group. Since the passing away of Maulana Zubair ul Hasan in 2014 Maulana Saad has become the Amir. Son of Maulana Zubair ul Hasan, Maulana Zuhairul Hasan, has also laid a claim to the leadership, his followers have asked Maulana Saad to reconstitue the Shura which was rejected by Saad.

The split in the central leadership has devastating effect on the TJ across the globe. For example: Tablighi Jamaat in Britain splits. Tablighi Jamaat has split into two groups in Britain with one faction following Raiwind Markaz while the other is following Maulana Saad of Nizam-udDin in India. The Tablighi Jamaat started its mission in Britain around 50 years ago and its membership grew steadily. Now, the followers of Raiwind Markaz in east London also (called Masjid Ilyas), have established a new Tablighi centre in Blackburn while the followers of Moulana Saad of Nizam-udDin have established their own Tablighi centers in East London, besides their stronghold of Dewsbury Tablighi centre. The differences grew so much that several incidents of brawl occurred and members and elders assaulted each other in London Markaz and Abbey Mills Mosque. The News quoted Tablighi sources as saying that that the police were called about 13 times and four people were arrested on different occasions. In Britain, Tablighi Jamaat has one of the strongest presence outside Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. Tablighi Jamaat was so well-organized at one stage that it stunned media in Britain when it told local council and courts around 12 years ago that it would built a mega mosque at the current place of disputed Masjid Ilyas land – and assured that it had funds of hundreds of millions of Pounds for a purpose built Tablighi mosque that could host thousands of people at one time, thereby becoming the largest mosque anywhere in the West. While the case of dispute of land possession of Ilyas Masjid was brought before the court by the warring groups, the London High Court

earlier this year issued a devastating verdict against the Tablighi centre for being in violation of the laws. The London High Court has ordered that the local Newham Council was right to deny planning permission to London Markaz and ordered that it should be demolished because the masjid was built on the land allocated for some other purpose. The two factions now don’t go to each other’s mosques and security personnel are deputed at the gate of Ilyas Masjid to identify the members who come to the mosque to attend sermons. The management of Masjid Ilyas has restricted entry of a few individuals. The plan to build the mega mosque now stands ruined not only because of the London High Court order but also because of the fact that the Tablighi elders are involved in a bitter do-or-die fight. Not surprisingly, in November 2017, there was a violent clash between the two groups over the TJ leadership dispute in Kakrail Mosque in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Kakrail Mosque is the Markaz of Tablighi Jamaat of Bangladesh which hosts the largest Tablibghi Ijtima in January every year. There were massive demonstrations in Dhaka when Maulana Saad Kandhalwi arrived to attend this January’s Ijtima. Maulana was not allowed to attend the Ijtima. He was sent back to Delhi by the Bangladesh government because of law and order situation. Around two million people attend the Bangladesh Ijtima which is perhaps the second largest gathering of Muslims after Hajj. The Tablighi Jamaat is estimated to be active in at least 165 nations throughout the world with millions of members. Abdus Sattar Ghazali is the Chief Editor of the Journal of America ( email: asghazali2011 (@)

We must decide on a new The humble plastic bag is doomed Afghan war strategy rcP DaviD CRaig

Sunday marked the 17th anniversary of the start of war in Afghanistan, the “War on Terror.” Originally referred to as Operation Enduring Freedom, the U.S. invasion was America’s response to the attacks of 9/11, still the deadliest terrorist strike in world history. Home to the training camps and masterminds behind the 9/11 carnage, Afghanistan was the proper target for an aggrieved and angry nation intent on punishing the perpetrators – and preventing future attacks. But somewhere along the line, this operation evolved into a conflict that historian Andrew J. Bacevich Sr. termed the “Permanent War for Permanent Peace.” And it has left our nation weary, if not apathetic. Costing somewhere between $1.5 trillion and $5.6 trillion and the lives of nearly 6,000 U.S. service members (including 2,347 OEF deaths as of August 2018), the ultimate burden of war has been borne by an increasingly small portion of the population. And while support for OEF in the wake of 9/11 was overwhelming, the absence of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq made the overall “war on terror” increasingly unpopular and Afghanistan a distant concern. During the WMD maelstrom, the men and women in uniform continued to battle fierce insurgencies in Iraq and Afghanistan. But the war in Iraq turned into a partisan divide, providing an excuse for many Americans to lose interest in both wars. Polling conducted by YouGov on behalf of the Charles Koch Institute and RealClearPolitics reflects skepticism of the war in Afghanistan (and Iraq) and a surprising lack of support for the initial invasion of Afghanistan, with 36 percent of military respondents considering the invasion a mistake. Only 30 percent of civilian respon-

dents felt that the invasion was the correct choice, compared to 50 percent of military respondents. A slight majority of survey respondents have concluded that the war in Afghanistan was either a mistake or has failed to achieve stated objectives. Extrapolating further, Americans have lost sight of the war’s original mission: to kill or capture al-Qaeda members responsible for 9/11 and deny safe haven to them by removing the Taliban from power. A majority of both military and civilian respondents feel that the U.S. should either draw down significantly -- from the current troop count at just over 8,000 -- or end involvement altogether. What has led so many to become so disenchanted with the war effort in Afghanistan? One potential explanation is that the highly scrutinized Iraq War left Afghanistan as an afterthought. The original invasion, launched against those that actually attacked the U.S., became a neglected conflict held ransom to the effort to quell a growing insurgency in Iraq. Meanwhile, the Taliban, al-Qaeda and Islamic State gained ground in Afghanistan. The flawed justification for the invasion of Iraq turned the media and popular opinion against both wars, leaving those who serve in the military as victims in a political power play. With a small minority of Americans in uniform, disinterest or adamant opposition to these wars became all too convenient. Afghanistan, like the war in Vietnam, was shaped by political perceptions, in this case an expedient response to the horrors of 9/11. America’s inability to frame military engagements in the context of ends, ways and means, but instead as a politically divisive tool for partisanship, comes at the expense of lost lives and trillions of dollars. For the sake of those serving our country, it is incumbent on

our nation’s leadership of all political stripes to come together to prudently employ our men and women as our means to a defined ends. As a U.S. Marine who served, and was wounded, in this endless war myself, I found inspiration a scene in the 2017 World War II movie “Darkest Hour.” The inspiration came not from any battlefield scene, but one that takes place in a palace dining room. There, King George VI implores Winston Churchill to be honest and open with the British people regarding the threat posed by the Nazis. As a nation, we should do the same. It begins by honestly assessing the threats we face today from hostile nations and transnational terrorist groups alike, to formulate a lasting national strategy that transcends partisan politics. Lacking a clear national strategy, our involvement in Afghanistan has become a quagmire. But that needn’t be a permanent condition. As George Washington University adjunct professor Gary Anderson and others have written, it is time to reassess how America wages such regional conflicts. And as the Taliban slowly regains control of much of Afghanistan, while elements of al-Qaeda and Islamic State are increasing their footprint, it’s long past time for U.S. leaders to alter their approach. We owe it to ourselves to insist that they do so. The death of a soldier in Afghanistan this past week went largely unnoticed, a sad reminder of just how detached we have become from what is the longest war in America’s history. We owe it not only to our fallen comrade but to our country to have a crisis of strategy. To prevent the bleeding of money and lives and the future security of the nation, we must come together to consider who we are and how we achieve our desired ends before it ends us all.

nZ HerAld It is no surprise that New Zealanders have been slow to sever their attachment to plastic. Habits die hard, and while plastic bags are getting the heave from many supermarket checkouts, shoppers seem unwilling to go without bin liners and bags for pets. This is understandable. Most people have an existing supply of plastic bags under the sink or in a cupboard which becomes a holder for kitchen waste. They keep rubbish tidy, and are easy to tie and toss in the wheelie bin. But as the supermarkets fall into line and phase out single use bags, consumers will need to change their domestic practice. As we report today alternatives are available. It is simple and fun to make a bin liner from paper, though that option also comes with an environmental price tag because of the processes involved in paper manufactur-

ing. But it is a compostable and cheap option, and collects those messy meal wastes easily. Doing away with a liner entirely is a bigger step, and in the end one may become the default position. It isn't hard to give a bin a decent clean and freshen it up for the next few days. No doubt degradable and compostable liners will become more widely available and eventually cheaper when the economics fall into line with demand. That really is the heart of the issue. The disappearance of plastic from part of our daily lives is underway. It is an incredibly handy product and it is hard to imagine life without plastic bags. A true accounting though of plastic would acknowledge that the bags end in landfills where they survive a long time. The fact that a sustainable future is only possible with compostable, recyclable and eco-friendly alternatives means that the humble, cheap and tough plastic bag is doomed.


Dearest Winston,… I have much to say to you, I’m afraid not of a pleasant nature. You know darling how I hate to find fault with you, but I can’t help myself this time … Your report which I enclose is as you will see a very bad one. You work in such a fitful inharmonious way, that you are bound to come out last—look at your place in the form! Yr father & I are both more disappointed than we can say, that you are not able to go up for yr preliminary exam: I

daresay you have 1000 excuses for not doing so—but there the fact remains … Dearest Winston you make me very unhappy—I had built up such hopes about you & felt so proud of you—& now all is gone. My only consolation is that your conduct is good and you are an affectionate son—but your work is an insult to your intelligence. If you would only trace out a plan of action for yourself & carry it out & be determined to do so—I am sure you could accomplish anything you wished. It is that thoughtlessness of yours which is your greatest enemy … I will say no more now—but Winston you are old enough to see how serious this is to you—& how the next year or two & the use you make of them, will affect your whole life—stop & think it out for yourself & take a good pull before it is too late. You know dearest boy that I will always help you all I can. Your loving but distressed, Mother. From My Darling Winston: The Letters Between Winston Churchill and His Mother, edited by David Lough, published by Pegasus Books

06 news

sunday, 14 October, 2018

Abidi sent to jAil on 14-dAy judiciAl remAnd ISLAMABAD



N Islamabad district and sessions court has sent former senator Faisal Raza Abidi to jail on 14-day judicial remand. Capital city police had produced Abidi before the court after his two-day physical remand expired on Saturday. He had been arrested outside the Supreme Court (SC) on Oct 10 when he was leaving the building after attending the hearing of another case against him. Officials of the Secretariat police station were responsible for the arrest. It was made on a first information report (FIR) against the former senator for using "highly insulting and inappropriate language" against the chief justice. During the hearing in the sessions court, the judge questioned the police's "discriminatory behaviour" in arresting "a man who was coming out from the SC after a hearing". "I'm surprised at how 'responsible' the Islamabad police have become," he said. "Did the Supreme Court's Public Relations Officer send you a letter regarding the case in which he (Abidi) was arrested?" Justice Sohail Nasir asked. He was told that the case had been registered on the complaint of an assistant sub-inspector.

HEC summons highlevel meeting over PU VC’s arrest ISLAMABAD ONLINE

The Higher Education Commission (HEC) has summoned a high-level meeting on the arrest of former Punjab University (PU) vice-chancellor (VC) Mujahid Kamran on Monday. Vice-chancellors of different government universities around the country have expressed their reservations over the incident and have said that Mujahid Kamran is being subjected to a media trial “We have informed HEC chairman about our concern,” they said. The meeting of HEC will be headed by HEC Chairman Dr Tariq Banuri in which a strong protest strategy will be discussed.

Usman Dar appointed PM’s Youth Programme chairperson in violation of LHC orders

Judge Nasir then asked if the police had tried to arrest Abidi in other cases registered against him in the same police station earlier. The police prosecutor said that a team had been sent to Karachi but Abidi could not be arrested. The judge clarified that he was not defending an individual but emphasising the importance of equal treatment. He pointed out that Imran Khan and Tahirul Qadri were once declared proclaimed offenders and yet they were giving speeches in public. He also raised questions over the addition of Section 7 of the Anti-terrorism Act, 1997 in the FIR lodged against Abidi. "7-ATA is treated like a joke, you (police) charge anyone you want [under the section]," the judge remarked. The FIR was lodged against Abidi in the Secretariat police station earlier this week for using "highly insulting and inappropriate language" against the chief justice and the judiciary in an interview. It also accuses him of "undermining the honour of the chief justice [and] inciting the public". The FIR — registered under Section 7 of the ATA and includes different sections of the Pakistan Penal Code — does not specify the programme it is referring to. This is the third case that has

registered earlier. He was also accused of levelling allegations against government institutions which have been created via the Constitution. He also levelled accusations against individuals holding the highest constitutional posts, the FIR said. The case was registered with the Secretariat police under different sec-

been registered against Abidi for defamation of judiciary and usage of threatening language. The former senator first came under heat after a video of his interview went viral on social media, in which his language was deemed abusive, contemptuous and threatening in an FIR that was

Justice Ibrahim Khan to head APS carnage inquiry commission Peshawar High Court (PHC) Justice Muhammad Ibrahim Khan will head a judicial commission tasked to probe the 2014 Army Public School (APS) massacre, according to a report in the local media. According to the report, Justice Khan, a senior judge of the high court, has been appointed as head of the commission formed on the directives of the Supreme Court. Last week, the Supreme Court ordered formation of a commission comprising a high court judge to probe the Army Public School (APS) terrorist at-

tack in Peshawar. Headed by Chief Justice of Pakistan Mian Saqib Nisar the three-judge bench of the apex court had directed the Peshawar High Court Chief Justice to immediately set up the commission. The commission is required to probe the incident and submit its report within six weeks. The chief justice regretted that the top court had earlier given this order, but it couldn’t be implemented. The CJP had taken a suo motu notice of the deadliest terror attack in the

history of the country, in which 131 schoolchildren and 10 other people were killed by armed terrorists in the APS on Dec 16, 2014. In June this year, the Peshawar High Court had expressed displeasure over current monument for APS martyrs, and ordered the provincial government to hire services of a good architect and prepare design for the monument acceptable to the parents of the martyrs. The order was issued by a twomember bench comprising Justice Qaisar Rashid Khan and Justice

‘Jinnah’ delivers address on social cohesion to people of Kasur


Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) government’s recent appointment of Usman Dar as the Prime Minister’s Youth Programme chairperson ostensibly violates Lahore High Court’s (LHC) 2014 order, which amounts to contempt of court, Pakistan Today has learnt. In 2014, PTI Youth Wing President Zubair Niazi had filed a petition in the LHC challenging Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) leader and the then prime minister Nawaz Sharif’s daughter Maryam Nawaz’s appointment as PM’s Youth Programme chairperson in the court of former LHC chief justice Mansoor Ali. Sheraz Zaka, the counsel of the petitioner, had argued that the appointment of the chairperson was not in accordance with the rules since the post was not advertised first. The respondent, however, had argued that the post was honourary and did not involve any remuneration; hence the rules of appointment of people to hold public office did not apply. After listening to both, the LHC had rejected the argument that there was a requirement of consideration in order for the rules of appointment to be applied. The court had instead stated the programme involved Rs9 billion to be spent on various projects, which meant taxpayers money was to be used. This, it had further said, must be done by a competent person and that with relevant experience.

tions of the PPC and Section 7 of ATA in response to a complaint lodged by Shahid Hussain Kambyo, the public relations officer of the SC. Another case was registered against Abidi with the Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) under the Prevention of Electronic Crime Act 2016 for his remarks in another programme titled Subah Subah Naya Pakistan aired on web channel Naya Pakistan on July 2. It says that during the course of his appearance on the show, the accused, with criminal intent and ulterior motives and without any lawful justification used sarcastic, derogatory, disrespectful and defamatory language against the chief justice etc. which it says is tantamount to creating a sense of fear, panic and insecurity among the government, general public and society. It says that Abidi is prima facie guilty of offences punishable under sections 10(a), 11 and 20 of the Prevention of Electronic Crime Act, 2016 read with sections 109 and 509 of the Pakistan Penal Code. An FIA official said the case will be registered by the FIA’s cybercrime wing as well, which was registered under the prevention of the Electronic Crimes Act and the PPC. The police are holding a separate investigation of the case.


A hologram of Muhammad Ali Jinnah has left the people of Kasur starstruck as a part of HIVE Pakistan’s “Aik – Better Together” campaign to reinvigorate the sense of social cohesion among the people. Appearing in Kasur on October 13 and 14, Jinnah’s hologram has been created to instigate a culture of peace as HIVE Pakistan feels the youth of the country is forgetting what was envisaged by the founding fathers. For the purpose, the social development company conducted a research into some hundred speeches of Jinnah and created a masterspeech using his own words.

In a city like Kasur, which isn’t technologically advanced but culturally enriched, Quaid-e-Azam came to deliver his vision of an equal and progressive Pakistan. Hologram screenings were conducted at Baldia Chowk, National Bank Chowk and the Kasur Railway Station in front of thousands of people from various religious, socioeconomic and ethnic backgrounds. The coming together of such a diverse crowd in itself was an example of social cohesion. “We thought that why instead of using imported symbols, which are immediately discredited by the masses, we use the ones that are native to this land in a bid to create a counter-narrative to extremism,”


said Maha Usman, a representative of Aik – Better Together. “No nation can rise to the height of glory unless your women are side by side with you. We are victims of evil customs. It is a crime against humanity that our women are shut up within the four walls of the houses as prisoners. There is no sanction anywhere for the deplorable condition in which our women have to live,” Jinnah’s hologram said. “It was a surreal experience because not everyone knows that Jinnah spoke about issues such as justice, minority rights and women empowerment,” said Aroon Arthur, a representative of the Christian community.

Muhammad Nasir Mehfooz, while hearing a case filed by Fazal Khan who had challenged and declared the structure built in the memory of APS students as unsuitable for representing the sacrifices of children. The court directed the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government to remove the ‘fiberglass monument’ recently constructed in the memory of the Army Public School (APS) attack victims and design a reasonable structure that represents the emotions of victim families. NEWS DESK

Transactions of Rs74.4m made from mysterious bank account of Sialkot man SIALKOT: Another case of mysterious bank activity emerged on Saturday as transactions of millions were found to have been made from the account of a resident of Sialkot. Muzakkir Hussain had gone to open an account in a private bank when it was revealed there was another account open under his name in Lahore. According to the 75-page-long statement obtained from the bank, transactions of Rs74.4 million were made from his account that also received hefty sums from Karachi and Swat. The bank has released a letter verifying the incorrect use of the account. Hussain has admitted his suspicions that the account in his name of which he was unaware of might have been used for terrorist activities. A series of mysterious deposits such as this have surfaced in recent days, as the Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) continues its probe in a high-profile money laundering case involving fictitious ‘benami’ bank accounts. On October 10, Sarwat Zehra, a resident of Karachi’s Korangi area found that millions were deposited in her bank account when the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) issued a tax notice to her. Earlier, the FIA found an account in a private bank in Karachi which contained Rs173 million belonged to an unemployed youth, Asad Ali, from Jhang. In another case, a mysterious bank deposit made an unsuspecting man from Hyderabad an overnight millionaire. Pardeep Kumar, a driver by profession, was stunned to find Rs49,954,432 listed on his ATM slip when he withdrew his salary on October 8. STAFF REPORT

sunday, 14 October, 2018


Five KP miners killed in two incidents PESHAWAR STAFF REPORT

Five miners died in incidents at two separate coal mines in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa on Saturday. In Darra Adam Khel, three miners died when a gas explosion occurred inside a mine. Miners and locals from nearby areas rushed to the mine commenced rescue activities. Three bodies were pulled out from the rubble. In a separate incident, two miners were killed after a coal mine collapsed in the Pabbi area of the province. The local police official, SHO Mohammad Hanif, said the incident took place in the Jabba Khush area of the district. The deceased hailed from Shangla. Earlier in September, nine miners were killed and three injured when the roof of a coal mine in Darra Adam Khel town of Kohat — some 45 kilometres of Peshawar — collapsed.

PEMRA puts TV channels on notice over false reporting against ministers ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

The Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA) has issued a notice to two local TV channels for airing false news against Finance Minister Asad Umar and State Minister Shehryar Afridi. The PEMRA has sought a reply from the two channels – Dunya News and Geo News – in two days. In a tweet on Saturday, the PEMRA shared the notices sent to the TV channels. The PEMRA demanded the channels to share a contradiction of the news relating to government’s dissatisfaction over Asad Umar’s financial policies, and the renovation of Shehryar Afridi’s house. The PEMRA warned the channels that their licenses can be suspended if they don’t ratify the reports. Information and Broadcasting Minister Chaudhry Fawad Hussain had on Friday demanded PEMRA to take notice and initiate action against spread of baseless and false news against Finance Minister Asad Umar and State Minister for Interior Shehryar Afridi. In a statement, the minister strongly condemned creation of a negative situation by airing false news. PEMRA should investigate who spread the false news, why it was aired and whom it wanted to damage, he added.

New IHC CJ likely to be from LHC The judicial bureaucracy is considering transferring a judge of the Lahore High Court (LHC) to lead Islamabad High Court (IHC) as the post of its chief justice falls vacant next month, according to a news report. IHC Chief Justice Mohammad Anwar Khan Kasi, who has been exonerated in four references, is going to retire on Nov 27. Being the senior puisne judge, deposed Justice Shaukat Aziz Siddiqui was the likely successor of Justice Kasi. However, his sudden removal on the recommendation of the Supreme Judicial Council (SJC) has created a vacuum in the IHC. Though the next judge in the seniority, Justice Athar Minallah has become the senior puisne judge of the IHC, the legal fraternity is not sure whether the JCP would appoint him or a judge from another court may be transferred to the IHC as its new chief. Traditionally, the senior puisne judge of a high court is appointed as the chief justice after the retirement of the incumbent. Justice Minallah was appointed the IHC judge in June 2014 and is considered one of the finest judges of the superior judiciary. In the last few years, he has authored landmark judgments in matters related to civil litigation, including real estate, criminal cases, environment and missing persons. NEWS DESK


Pml-n eyes eArly Anti-govt drive ISLAMABAD



HE Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz (PML-N) is quietly scrambling efforts to win support from Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) to organise phasewise protests against the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) government on issues of public concern, Pakistan Today has learnt reliably. Sources in the PML-N said that the party has been in touch with the PPP leadership through former opposition leader in the National Assembly Syed Khursheed Shah, who played a key role in convincing party’s Co-Chairman Asif Ali Zardari to join forces with the PML-N. They said that the PPP leadership was reluctant to support the idea of mass protests and hence the PML-N had been advised to only focus on protests inside the parliament. The sources said that keeping in view the unpopular decisions by the PTI leadership — like price hike in petroleum products, rupee depreciation, stringent drive against encroachments and tax measures — the PML-N has been hoping for public support regarding the prospects of a large-scale agitation. However, the sources said that the protests would be incremented phase by phase. The sources said that Nawaz Sharif has finalised a strategy under

which various committees had been formed to contact people from different sectors and include them in the PML-N to expand base for the mass protests. On the other hand, Sardar Ayaz Sadiq has been tasked to establish contacts with the opposition parties to try and bring them on one platform to build a structured anti-government drive, sources said, adding that Jamiat Ulema-e-IslamFazl (JUI-F) chief Fazlur Rehman had been assigned to bring the PPP on the opposition’s platform as other parties, including Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami Party (PkMAP), National Party (NP), Awami National Party (ANP), and others, were already on board with the PML-N. “A major concern for Nawaz has been the PPP which has been reluctant to join forces with the PML-N. The PPP lawmakers had also stayed away from the public protest of opposition parties recently organised outside the parliament house. Hence, Maulana [Fazl] has been asked to play the role of bridging the two sides,” the sources said. MEDIA CELL TO UP THE ANTE: Sources within the PML-N claimed that under the strategy, the party’s media cell has already been activated to up the ante. “The social media campaign is in full swing these days by the PML-N tigers and it would further be accelerated in the next few weeks. The upcoming National Assembly and Senate sessions would be used to up the ante on major

public-related issues. The PTI government’s decision to seek loans from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) would be used as a fuel to ignite public anger further,” the sources said. They added that the party had been told by the supremo to use any mishandling in the upcoming by-elections to raise further questions over the federal and provincial governments. “Rigging would be another key tool to create an enabling environment for the anti-government protests. We have formed special teams to organise protests wherever we feel the public mandate is being threatened,” the sources said. ‘NAWAZ TO GO MAINSTREAM’: When asked why Nawaz was tight-lipped, the sources said that he and his daughter Maryam Nawaz would join the mainstream politics once the final mourning session of Begum Kulsoom Nawaz is held. “The chehlum for late Begum Sahiba would be held in a week’s time, bringing an end to the mourning period. So, things would start happening afterwards,” the sources said. The sources said that the PML-N was also planning to submit another application with the National Assembly speaker to issue production orders for Shehbaz on October 16 so as the PMLN president can attend the joint opposition parliamentary meeting a day before the NA session. PML-N Senator Raja Zafarul Haq

said that the PML-N had contacted the PPP to submit another request to the speaker for producing Shehbaz for the joint opposition meeting. “We are in touch with the PPP and their response is in affirmative,” he said. When asked on which points the PPP had agreed to support the PML-N, Haq said that talks were underway and things would be shared once concluded. ‘PPP TO SUPPORT PML-N ON ISSUES’: Sources in the PPP, however, said that the party leadership was convinced only to lend support to the joint opposition on the public issues. “We would extend issue-based support to the PML-N and its allies. We believe that it would be too early to even think of an anti-government agitation and rather believe that the new government should be given apt time to deliver the goods. The people have voted the PTI into government and dislodging them within the first few months is a bad idea,” a senior PPP leader said, citing not being mentioned. The source said that the PPP was convinced that any move to dislodge the government would be immature and may destabilise the democratic system. “We are not going to support any move to save any specific politician from the court cases. However, if we think that the government is involved in witch hunt, we will raise voice,” the PPP leader asserted.


Amin Ansari, father of six-year-old Zainab who was raped and murdered earlier this year, filed yet another appeal in the Lahore High Court (LHC) on Saturday requesting the public hanging of his daughter's killer. Ansari has argued that convict Imran Ali, whose death sentence will be executed on Oct 17, can be hanged publicly under the Section 22 of the Anti-Terrorism Act, 1997, which allows the government to "specify the manner, mode and place of execution of any sentence passed under this Act having regard to the deterrent effect which such

execution is likely to have". "The purpose and objective behind the incorporation section (sic) is very much clear," the appeal says. "... The murderer of Zainab should be given exemplary punishment so as to avoid any such tragedy in future, God forbid," her father has argued. It added: "The statutory violation of Section 22 of ATA 1997 cannot be allowed ... under the Constitution of Pakistan [and] hence calls for the interference of this honourable court." Ansari pointed out that the state had already issued Ali's death warrants and all appeals for the courts to review the sentence awarded to him have also been rejected. A two-member LHC bench,

comprising Justice Sardar Shamim Ahmed and Justice Shehbaz Rizvi, will hear the appeal on Oct 15. Ansari has filed similar appeals before; however, they were turned down by the court. Ali, a resident of Kasur, was accused of being involved in at least nine incidents of rape and murder of minors, including Zainab's, which he had confessed to during her murder investigation. Out of the seven rape and murder cases registered against Imran, the court has given its verdict in five. In total, Imran Ali has been sentenced to 21 counts of death, three life sentences and a cumulative 23 years in jail. He has also been set a Rs2.5 million fine by the court, which is other than the Rs255,000 that he has been sentenced to pay as diyat. Only two cases against Ali remain pending.

AGP defers pension cases of two senior PAAs officers ISLAMABAD SHAHZAD PARACHA

Incumbent Auditor General of Pakistan (AGP) Javaid Jehangir has deferred the pension cases of two grade-22 officers of Pakistan Audit and Accounts Service (PA&AS). Sources told that the AGP is not clearing the files of the officials despite the fact that they got the No Objection Certificate (NOC) from every department. Sharifullah Wazir, one of these officials, had earlier retired from service on September 15, 2018, while Karamat Bukhari is due to retire on October 15, 2018. Sources told that the incumbent AGP has a ‘personal grudge’ against both these officials on a number of issues which is why their cases are pending. AGP Jehangir is junior to Bukhari in service but the latter was chosen for the post of AGP in the PML-N government due to his alleged affiliation with the high-ups. Earlier, former finance minister Ishaq Dar had appointed Asad Amin while the PPP government chose Buland Akhtar Rana as its AGP.

PENSION PROCEDURE: Normally, the procedure of pension starts six months before the officer’s retirement and during the time, different departments including housing, cabinet division, library and others issue NOCs to the officer, confirming that there is no receivable due after which the admin wing of the department prepares the pension case with the involvement of audit DG. The case is then presented to head of the department for approval. In these cases, the AGP has deferred the decision without any reason. An official, on the condition of anonymity, said that the AGP and his subordinate offices give the pension to retired officials, however, the department was yet to approve the matter. The Supreme Court has also given a verdict to give pensions to government officials soon after their retirement and if any department, including the Accountant General Pakistan Revenues (AGPR), does not give the pension then they will commit contempt of court. The Senate Standing Committee on Finance had also taken up the matter of pending cases during August

last year and directed to give the pensions to the deserving officials. Presently, the government is giving pension to grade-17 and above through direct credit system (DCS) owing to the ghost pensioners in the country. The pensioners are largely dissatisfied with their parent departments as well as with banks as no special counters have been formed while the senior citizens are made to wait for their well-earned funds. Officials told this scribe that the finance ministry had recommended the formation of a pensioner welfare office to facilitate and guide pensioners and to deal with their complaints and address their grievances, however, the last government paid little heed. “If the government establishes any pension ombudsmen then millions of pensioner can get solace after the retirement,” officials added. Responding to the matter, the AGP spokesperson said the cases are not stopped normally, adding that there may have been some recovery issues in these cases which is why they are pending and undecided.

Pak Army known for delivering best results in challenging times: Gen Hayat RAWALPINDI: Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (CJCSC) General Zubair Mehmood Hayat said that Pakistani soldiers are known for delivering best results in the most challenging environment. “Passing out parade held at PMA Kakul. Cadets of 138th PMA Long Course, 57th Integrated Course, 30th Technical Graduate Course and Graduate 37 got commissioned as officers,” said the Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR) in a statement on Saturday. “Cadets from Saudi Arabia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Palestine and Libya were also amongst passed out course,” the military’s media wing added. While congratulating the passing out cadets, Gen Hayat said, “you will be fortunate to command the soldiers who are known for their unflinching loyalty and sense of sacrifice.” The CJCSC, the ISPR said, reviewed the parade and gave awards to the distinguished cadets. “Coveted Sword of honour awarded to Battalion Senior Under Officer Ghulam Nabi, President’s Gold medal to Academy Senior Under Officer Muhammad Bilal, Chairman’s medal to Battalion Senior Under Officer Bishesh Thangden from Nepal and Chief of Army Staff cane was awarded to Company Under Officer Mohsin Waseem from Technical Graduate Course.” “Company Junior Under Officer Hamza Nawaz from Graduate 37 also got COAS cane. Commandant Cane was awarded to Company Under Officer Ali Zaheer Qureshi from Integrated Course,” the ISPR added. STAFF REPORT

PTI's Ahmad Khan wins uncontested in Mianwali Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf’s (PTI) candidate Ahmad Khan has been declared winner unopposed by the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) from PP-87 Mianwali-III. As per details acquired, the Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz’s Ayesha Qazi and independent candidate Mohammad Rafi withdrew the candidature. On the other hand, by-elections will be held on October 14. NEWS DESK


Sunday, 14 October, 2018

Fixing a failing economy

The constitution versus the mob

An uphill task

The need to stand up and be counted


he TLP has issued an ultimatum to the Supreme Court warning it that if it delivered a verdict in Asia Bibi’s case against the outfit’s wishes it would face nationwide sit-ins which would end only after all those responsible for her release are punished. The threat is highly regrettable as it amounts to dictating to the Supreme Court. The challenge comes at a time when another bench of the Supreme Court is holding proceedings to determine if extremist networks that do not accept the country’s constitution can be registered under the Political Parties Act. By extending threats to the SC the TLP is in fact trying to subvert the constitution. If the TLP had any case, it could have argued it in the court. Legal disputes are settled by the judiciary in line with the laws of the land. The cases are contested in the courts of law by lawyers who argue their respective positions at length. The judges deliver the final verdict. The hearing in the Asia Bibi case has concluded and a judgment is expected any time. The suggestion by the extremist network that the Supreme Court judges debate the matter with TLP leaders on the TV screen shows crass disregard for the constitution. The ultimatum poses a challenge to both the PTI government and the establishment. While courts decide cases, their judgments are implemented by the government with the help of the state’s coercive machinery. Will Imran Khan hold his nerve and firmly tell the rabble rousers who were rejected by the voters in recent elections that being the chief executive of the country he is bound to enforce whatever verdict is delivered by the court and will perform his duty irrespective of their threats? Will those who wield the state machinery stand by the apex court? The results of the policy of appeasement adopted during the Faizabad sit in should open the eyes of those who matter. Yielding to the TLP’s demand will open the floodgates of extremism which will wash away all respect for law and order. The extremists will thus achieve what the terrorists failed to.

IMF and the Chinese loans And Washington’s angle, of course


T was only a matter of time, really, before China’s CPeC investment became a bone of contention with Washington. And now that Islamabad had no option but to go bowl in hand begging to the IMF, the Trump administration is going to squeeze as much as it can out of Pakistan. And the PTI government should have known that these demands would fall in the realms of one, helping wrap up the war in Afghanistan and two, do something about China whose rise is responsible for America’s entire Pivot to Asia posture. The confusion – Washington’s apprehension that Chinese loans have crippled Pakistan’s economy – persists even though Pakistan has clarified that CPeC repayments will not begin till 2021. Wouldn’t it be good then, in the interest of transparency, to discuss the entire matter in Parliament before going further? Didn’t Finance Minister Asad Umar himself promise to open CPeC books in the house? Why should there be an element of secrecy, especially for a game-changer that will upgrade our infrastructure and put us in the crossroads of the region’s reinvigorated trade? PTI rightly attacked PML-N economic policies, and international deals, that were kept from the public eye as undemocratic. Now it must walk the talk as well. The matter could not be any more serious. Failure the clinch the bailout will simply tear the economy; hence continued anxiety in the market despite the oneday breather. Of course, it’s unlikely that the developed world would willingly let a nuclear power go belly up. But Pakistan must now prepare for not just serious giveand-take with the Americans, but also harsh austerity from the Fund. hopefully the government will not waste any more time than it already has, allowing the economy to deteriorate further instead of immediately sorting out the bailout before going about other business.

Dedicated to the legacy of the late Hameed Nizami

Arif Nizami Editor Aziz-ud-Din Ahmad

Umar Aziz

Asher John

Joint Editor

Executive Editor

Deputy Editor

Lahore – Ph: 042-36300938, 042-36375965


arif Nizami


N ostensibly flustered Asad Umer sounded a bit sheepish announcing the government’s decision to finally request the IMF (International Monetary Fund) for a bailout package. But more embarrassed should have been his boss, the Khan who had been crowing at the top of his voice during his concerted campaign against the Sharifs that he would rather commit suicide than indebting the country any further. Now with the PTI (Pakistan Tehreek e Insaf) in power, the shoe is on the other foot. The newly elected government’s decisions (or lack of them) in slightly less than two months of its tenure have been a mixture of naivety and blunders. Why did the worthy finance minister, a former CeO of a large corporate entity, take so long to formally ask the IMF for a loan? Perhaps the prime minister wanted to try his hand at first seeking help from Pakistan’s traditional friends Saudi Arabia and China. Welcome to the real world, where unfortunately there is no such thing as a free lunch. Khan visited Riyadh with high hopes. But the Saudis threw cold water on them. Islamabad’s three demands including supply of oil on deferred payments, parking Saudi money in the coffers of the State Bank and promise of any direct infusion of petro dollar, simply did not materialise. According to the information minister, Fawad Chaudhry, the price of getting Saudi largesse was too high. he did not spell out Riyadh’s wish list. It is not hard to guess though that Saudi Arabia would want a bigger security commitment from Pakistan in its ongoing war against the Yemeni houthis. Pakistan failed to oblige, as living in a volatile neighbourhood it is its oft-declared national policy not to directly involve itself in intra Islamic conflicts. Sharif, while he was prime minister, visited

Riyadh along with the then army chief General Raheel Sharif and was badly rebuffed on this very count. China is perhaps the only reliable friend of Pakistan. The relationship is both economic and strategic. The government has somewhat belatedly realised after a lot of damage done to this relationship by intemperate statements of some of its senior ministers and advisors. The Planning Commission has finally stated in unequivocal terms that outflows under CPeC will begin in 2021 and peak in the next two years without creating a debt trap. Understandably such clarifications needed to be made in light of the US administration’s apprehensions that the IMF loan will be used to pay back CPeC debts. The IMF’s Managing Director Christine Legarde — while formally announcing the request made by the finance minister Asad Umer for a $8 billion loan package to address Pakistan’s economic woes — without actually naming CPeC observed that the Fund would demand absolute transparency about all (Pakistani) debt. The US administration, reacting to Islamabad’s request for a bailout from the IMF, has reiterated its position that “part of the reason that Pakistan found itself in this situation is Chinese debt.” Washington is the largest contributor of resources for the IMF. It controls 16 per cent of votes on the Fund’s board followed by China with six per cent of votes. In this sense the present IMF negotiations will be different from the past when the US supported Pakistan’s case. The US administration has already shut the tap on Pakistan; with President Trump questioning the logic of financially supporting Islamabad, claiming that it was using American money to finance those that kill Americans. This is not the first time that Pakistan is negotiating a bailout package with the IMF. Nor will it be the last unless we are willing to tackle the structural problems perennially plaguing the economy. To brazenly claim that the economy can be fixed by bringing in looted money stashed away in foreign banks is a gross over-simplification. Without addressing some basic fundamentals Pakistan will remain a basket case. Take the case of free fall of the rupee. Last Monday the local currency fell by almost 10 rupees to a dollar, not only manifestly increasing foreign debt but also giving rise to a sure inflationary spiral. Unfortunately the finance minister was either clueless in this case or deliberately let the rupee slide so rapidly. This was diametrically opposite to the obstinate approach adopted by Ishaq Dar when he was Sharif’s finance minster. he kept the rupee artificially shored up against the dollar for too long rendering Pakistani exports uncompetitive in the international market.

Economy for security Question of survival Umair Jamal


he Russian president recently visited India where he signed a mega arms deal with the government of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. According to the deal Russia is going to supply S-400 surfaceto-air missile system, which is considered one of the country’s most advanced and sought-after weapons systems globally. The arms deal which is worth more than $5.2 billion has raised major questions not only in terms of what sort of threats this weaponry case pose to Pakistan’s deterrence forces but also to what this major purchase bill means for Pakistan when it comes to matching India’s heavy spending on its air defense systems. One thing that remains clear is that Pakistan’s security community is going to be thinking seriously about this development in the neighbourhood and about different ways to counter the threat which S-400 poses to Pakistan’s security. The simplest way to describe the threat which S400 poses is this: S-400 is the world most advanced long-range air defense system, capable of terminating all sorts of threats from the skies. Moreover, the S-400 can engage almost all types of modern warplanes. The information about the S-400 which is available publically shows that the air defense system can even successfully take on fighter jets with stealth capabilities. While it remains to be seen what would be Pakistan’s response, particularly concerning the country’s airforce, this development has placed Pakistan in a very tough situation. even if Pakistan was to resolutely follow on a plan to counter the S-400 threat from India, it would not

Karachi – Ph: 021-35381208-9


only require lot of resources but will also require a robust diplomacy internationally which is capable of convincing major international forces about selling similar technologies to the country. It is expected that the deployment of the S-400 air defense system in India will begin within the next two years. That doesn’t mean that Pakistan is not capable of responding to any provocation such from the neighbourhood. The question has now come down to the economic calculus. Does Pakistan have enough financial resources to match India’s military modernisation? India’s more than $5 billion purchase means that its economy can handle such a big arms deal while Pakistan’s on the other for now cannot even consider buying defense equipment anywhere around billion dollar digits. While it’s important that take effective measures to ensure minimum credible deterrence not only in conventional postures but also in non-conventional areas, Pakistan’s economy as well the state of its international diplomacy is not in a condition that can allow the country’s pursuit for a massive counter-measure against new emerging threats. There are two things to consider. If one is to do a brief comparative analysis of Pakistan’s economy with that of India, the numbers do not support the former’s cause. The growing difference between the two countries’ economies has placed Pakistan’s military up-gradation in a tough place. While Pakistan’s archrival and a country responsible for Pakistan’s dismemberment is investing around $6 billion on a single military purchase, the government in Pakistan is scrambling to raise around $8 billion to run the country’s overall economy. This simple yet alarming situation should give all of us sleepiness nights. With an economy which remains under billions of dollars’ debt and is looking for more debt to prevent an internal implosion cannot expect to invest billions of dollars in military modernisation to avert

Islamabad – Ph: 051-2204545




Resultantly Pakistani currency became the most expensive in South Asia. Now it’s the cheapest. It is stating but the obvious that negotiating a new package with the IMF mission will be a tough call. The wish list of the international lending agency is well known by now. Most of the expected preconditions to be spelt out by the mission are in any case necessary for a stable and vibrant growth oriented economy. But successive governments for far too long at the altar of political expediency have avoided most difficult decisions. Pakistan’s tax-to-GDP ratio, at around 10 per cent, is too low for any growth-oriented economy. A paltry 800,000 are in the tax net. Many sectors including agriculturists and traders hardly pay any tax. Similarly state enterprises like railways, the national airline, or the steel mills that should be in the private sector are perennially hemorrhaging the exchequer. They have become a sinecure of cronies of successive rulers. The power sector, despite having enough capacity, is in disarray thanks to corruption and an antiquated distribution system. A burgeoning circular debt has hamstrung this sector and the economy as well. Pakistan has become an import-oriented economy with an ever-increasing current account deficit that is no longer sustainable. Apart from textiles and a few agriculture produces it has been unable to build a manufacturing base. The insatiable hunger of consumerism is being fed by expensive imports. Thanks to an over-valued rupee exports that were $25 billion in 2013 actually plummeted to $19 billion during the Sharif regime. After defence and debt servicing nothing much is left for the social sector or development. That is why in sharp contrast to its belligerent neighbour the cash strapped Pakistani economy is unable to finance its outdated defence equipment. In this sense accepting tough IMF conditions in good grace might be good for Pakistan in the long run. Islamabad has the unsavoury record of not completing IMF programs, the last PML-N government perhaps being the only exception. Unlike in the past the present civilian and military leadership is on the same page. This is a golden opportunity to reset the economy on solid foundations. But unfortunately the ruling PTI coalition has developed a frayed relationship with the opposition parties. Without consensus building fixing the economy will simply remain elusive. It is another matter, however, whether the PTI leadership including its economic team has the necessary vision to reset the ailing economy. Arif Nizami is Editor, Pakistan Today. He can be contacted at foreign incursions. The ruling elite of Pakistan, particularly the political elite of the country, needs to realise that the time to do politics over petty issues is long gone. An uncontrolled growth in population, dying exports, and non-existent industrial base and heavy repayments of debt will only leave space for an internal crisis which is not in any in Pakistan’s national interest. One example of how Pakistan bad economic position has become a liability for its international diplomacy is the United States’ position on creating hurdles in Pakistan’s attempt to avail funding form the International Monetary Fund. The last two months have seen Washington continuously putting its weight behind disrupting Pakistan’s plan to negotiate with IMF. A few days ago, IMF chief economist Maurice Obstfeld advised Pakistan to review the loans it was receiving from China and avoid “excessive debts which cannot be repaid”. An official statement released from the White house said that “The United States closely examine Pakistan’s request for a loan from IMF,” adding that “part of the reason that Pakistan found itself in this situation is Chinese debt.” With Washington having a majority of voting power in IMF, the former can create unavoidable distress for Pakistan. While it’s clear that the US and China are engaged in a global battle to lead the world economically, its countries like Pakistan that have become a bargaining chip in major powers strategic losses and gains. This is a situation which is not in any way in Pakistan’s interest. An international diplomacy with a weak economy doesn’t have much effect. Pakistan’s weak economy has become a liability not only for international diplomacy but also for its defense. Umair Jamal is a graduate of the School of Government and International Affairs, Durham University. He is a research fellow with the Centre for Governance and Policy. He regularly writes for various media outlets. He can be contacted on Twitter: @UJAmaLs.



Sunday, 14 October, 2018

Editor’s mail

Send your letters to: Letters to Editor, Pakistan Today, 4-Shaarey Fatima Jinnah, Lahore, Pakistan. E-mail: Letters should be addressed to Pakistan Today exclusively

Lack of tolerance

Creative economic policy Government should incentivise private sector to diversify their investment interests

Dr Omer JaveD


F you want to get something done, then you will have to primarily do it yourself. The situation of government is no different. And government wants to do whatever it can to provide a base for the private sector to get involved, and to regulate it thereafter. It can, and it should realise that there is no guilt, as the neoliberal proponents would like it believe otherwise, in doing some things by itself, and in certain cases parallel to the private sector. For instance, the myth that government is inherently inefficient in the business of doing things is simply not true. Take say, the case of running enterprises, like UAe government successfully running emirates Airlines, or for that matter, public utilities. In that sense, under the social contract, along with security, health and education are the essential fundamentals that give shape to the strength and personality of any nation, and for that matter are basically designed and provided by the government in essence; with private sector only involved that much. The Scandinavian governments have been successfully providing such services since the time they were an agrarian society, and only opened the field later on to private sector but to the extent that the primary control remained of the government. hence, in this spirit there is a need to make a wealth fund, as the PTI government is envisaging making to deal with the losses of State Owned enterprises (SOes), and for putting these in private hands to use public funds primarily. But, then this should be the extent of involvement of private sector and the SOes should not be therefore privatised. This is because it will be risky to put these strategically important enterprises, in terms of public utility they provide, in private hands, which basically looks at profits, and cares little to remain socially responsible in its profits and in reducing negative externalities from its work. Rather, PTI should quickly give an institutional governance — and incentive structure reform package, and engage merit-based technocratic elements in doing so. For filling the financing part of the effort for putting the SOes on a sustainable path, the government may envisage floating minority, time-based shares for the private sector till the time that these enterprises become viable enough to sustain themselves through the enhanced capacities of the ministries under which they fall.

During the same time, the government should make a plan to reform public service and improve the capacity of ministries, which are best suited to keep an oversight role. Therefore, the government should straight away formulate a merit-based board of governors for each SOe, who should in turn suggest, in consultation with the government, governance and incentive structures, along with establishing financing plans. hence, the bottom line being that the SOes remain in the public arena. The main reason that these SOes should be kept in government’s domain is because they have strong bearing on the lives of people. Moreover, this should also be done to not allow the private sector — which is answerable to the public in a very limited as compared to the elected government representatives and public servants who are paid through their taxes — to undercut democracy. Also, efficiency, as seen by the private sector is mostly limited to profit maximisation and not public welfare as such; the classic example that is coming to the fore in Pakistan is the example of KeSC. PTI would not want to add to it in terms of similar examples of SOes, ending up like this electric company. It is not to say, at the same time, that a government should not engage the private sector altogether, but before the government can engage the private sector, it will have to create the needed ‘base’ for that initiative itself. For instance, before microchips could be used by private companies like Apple and Microsoft, it was mainly the US government’s agency Pentagon that created and took forward the initiative to provide the scientific and organisational base of the microchip industry. For this, funding and technical expertise were invested by the government themselves. It was the coming together of this field to a level where the private sector could envisage a sense of obtaining profits, that it took interest. The private sector could not be expected to start and go alone in the way as government could and should, given the required high level of commitment level, the initial investment and the very risky nature of envisaging, starting, and continuing to cover those initial hard miles. It may just not be possible for the private sector to sustain doing something without the returns needed to sustain, given the small base that any private entity has, as compared to the huge undertaking that the government can commit itself to. That once again makes public service reform all the more necessary and urgent. When it is being indicated here that the government should create base for the private sector to play its possible part, it is not to say that it should first directly, and in some cases only solely enter it and develop it; some sectors just need indirectly government providing the envi-

ronment, for which that is enough to attract and keep engaged the private sector, like for example where returns become available in a short range of time, initial investment is not that high, and where technical knowhow could be created relatively quickly and easily, if not already available with the private sector. What the government should do is to target creating money, in both local and preferable foreign markets (to have enhanced market available) from one initiative at least that gives a lot of returns; a product or service that could be a source of immense revenues. For that the PTI government should set up a high-powered committee right away. Those returns could then be used to do (a) providing liquidity to private sector to engage them productively, (b) spend on welfare initiatives, (c) to build necessary mega infrastructural projects, and (d) most importantly to extract at least one natural resource, of the likes of oil, gas, minerals for earning phenomenal returns and to channel those as the second major source from government’s own kitty. This would put the role of bilateral and multilateral funding on a diminishing path (allowing such aid/loans to shift to other countries), with only the role of technical assistance being sought when needed. At the same time, the government should incentivise private sector to diversify their investment interests, especially from those avenues like numerous and quite similar clothing brands for example, to those areas of high public importance that need this private investment like in education and health opportunities. For this, among other steps, it is important for government to create, transparent and in a high number, stock exchanges, and help people create mutual funds to take advantage from the economies of scale of investing like a big investor. The government may also guide pension plans to include investing in financial instruments and mutual funds to increase both investment for the listed companies, and also allowing these people to hedge more meaningfully for their post retirement times; which means also that they should have greater opportunity to invest once even after they retire. hence, initiatives like these will help reduce both the saving-investment gap in the economy, and would also greater welfare benefits for the people. hence, basically government needs to be more creative with its economic policies, enhancing in turn the margins for bringing greater gains for both the public and private sectors.

PTI should quickly give an institutional governance — and incentive structure reform package, and engage merit-based technocratic elements in doing so

Omer Javed holds PhD in Economics degree from the University of Barcelona (Spain). A former economist at International Monetary Fund, his work focuses on institutional and political economy, macroeconomic stability, and economic growth.

We always talk about different issues of society, which includes poverty, lack of education, quality of education, lack of availability of clean drinking water, lack of health facilities, corruption etc. Most of the times certain core social issues are ignored in the debate which makes the society. Among those issues tolerance is one which is totally absent from the society and it has been decreasing by each day, which is an alarming sign for the society. Tolerance is patience, open-mindedness, acceptance the thoughts of others even if we don’t agree with them. Just like Muslims, Jews and Christians also believe in Prophets and Messengers of Allah, who also gave the message of tolerance. Most often, conflict arises due to inability of listening to others’ opinion rather one person tries to impose his/her thought/s on other person, which leads to a conflict. This lack of listening is due to the lack of tolerance and patience. even in religious thoughts, both parties rather than trying to convey the message with wisdom, they started to impose their thoughts and try to convince which ultimately leads to a fight. It has also been seen that in order to win an argument people start giving extreme examples which has sometimes nothing to do with the broader topic, in general. Social media websites like Facebook, twitter and others are also playing their role to make people intolerant. People do post and share their thoughts on social media and expect others to like their thoughts but when people say something opposite to their thoughts, a person does feel offended and this situation leads to another argument and ends up in a fight. In my point of view, this social media sites are good but are making us intolerant. Starting a debate about a knowledgeable topic and listening to the point of views of others is fine but one should never try to win the debate by turning it to an aggressive argument. By listening to others opinion and by not taking things very personal, we can become tolerant. If someone advises, we need to listen to it rather gets offended. Most importantly, civil societies and our leaders show tolerance towards each other. Teachers in the class and parents at home play vital role in building tolerance in the society. AMEEr HAMzA Lahore

Is India preparing for war? INDIA is planning to spend about US$ 1.5 billion to establish two new underground-cave dumps to store oil. One new cave will be built at Chandikhol in Odisha state to store up to 4.4 million tonnes of crude oil; the other 2.5 million-tonne facility, at Padur in Karnataka. Already, there are three such caves in Visakhapatnam, Mangaluru, and Padur. The three caves with a total storage capacity of 5.33 million tonnes will suffice for 12 to 20 days. India meets 80 per cent of its oil demand through imports. India remembers bitter experience of first Gulf War (1990-91). Then, she forced to pledge gold with the International Monetary Fund to keep its economy afloat. India’s justification is that maintaining oil reserves is a standard global practice. Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands maintain such stocks of up to 65 days’ worth of domestic consumption. The US (Louisiana and Texas) and Japan has also maintain such reserves. India views Pakistan as a cash-starved satellite sandwiched between whims of two masters. Against Pakistan’s dwindling reserves, and viewed in light of India’s worldwide shopping spree (S-400 defence system, Rafales, etc.) India appears to be preparing for a two front war with China and Pakistan after Modi wins elections in 2019. Taht may last 12 to 20 days. AJ MALIk Islamabad

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he’S pulling out all the stops in the bypoll for Lahore’s NA-131, humayun Akhtar Khan is. It was a razor-thing lead with which that Imran Khan beat Saad Rafiq here. And the recount was also problematic, with the League adamant it was wronged. All has to go well, because humayun has a point to prove. he’s always spent on his campaigns lavishly and this time’s no exception. Plus, he’s put together quite a campaign team. The well-to-do ladies from the affluent areas of the constituency (DhA, Cantt, Cavalry) call voters from carefully prepared lists, identifying themselves by giving their specific addresses, hence establishing their local credentials and only then making their vote pleas. All that is good, but when a constituent says he or she is voting for the League, they unfortunately also show some of the....exuberance...that the PTI is known for. * * * * * * * * * The government, through Pemra, might seek an explanation from the channels for spreading ‘misinformation’ about certain ministers but the grapevine is more than abuzz with certain rumours. Some within the PTI’s leadership aren’t happy with the performance of finance minister Asad Umer and the falling rupee. even if he had to do what he did, he certainly gave the impression of not having done his homework. It remains to be seen what the PM himself thinks. he just might be on the verge of losing patience in his cabinet favourite himself.


Sunday, 14 October, 2018

14 killed in BoMBing AT cAndidATe rAllY in norTheAST AfghAniSTAn KABUL



motorcycle rigged with explosives detonated at an election rally in northeastern Afghanistan on Saturday killing at least 14 people, including civilians and security forces, officials said. Khalil Aser, spokesman for the provincial police chief in Takhar province, said 32 others were wounded when the explosives-laden motorbike parked near the rally in Rustaq district blew up. "There are a number of wounded people in critical condition," he said. The attack took place at about noon before Nazefa Yusoufi Beg, a female candidate running for a seat in parliament in the Oct. 20 elections, arrived at the rally, Aser said. It was not immediately clear if she was the target. Jawad Hajri,

spokesman for the provincial governor, said Rustaq is a remote district where insurgent attacks have not occurred in the past and the candidate's supporters had gathered for the rally confident they

Saudi-led airstrike kills 17 in contested Yemeni port city CAIRO: Yemeni rebel officials say an airstrike by the Saudi-led coalition targeting Shiite rebels has killed at least 17 people in the port-city of Hodeidah. A spokesman for the Houthi-rebel-run Health Ministry, Youssef alHadari, says that beyond the 17 killed there were also 20 wounded in the Saturday strike on the Gabal Ras area. Hodeidah, with its key port installations that bring un humanitarian aid, has become the center of Yemen's conflict, with ground troops allied to the coalition struggling to drive out the rebels who control it. The coalition has been locked in a stalemated war with the rebels since 2015. AGENCIES

Thousands protest in Berlin against racism, discrimination BERLIN: Thousands of people are demonstrating in Berlin against racism and discrimination, a protest that comes amid concern about an increasingly confident far right. A wide range of groups, including prorefugee, gay rights and Muslim organizations, backed Saturday's "Indivisible" protest in the heart of the German capital under the slogan "solidarity instead of exclusion — for an open and free society." Among supporters was Foreign Minister Heiko Maas, who in comments to the Funke newspaper group welcomed "a great signal" that "the majority in our country stands for tolerance and openness." AGENCIES

would be safe. Adeb Hamra, a local resident, said in a telephone interview that the district government hospital has only four doctors and was overwhelmed with dead and

wounded, most of them in critical condition. No one immediately claimed responsibility for the attack but Taliban insurgents are active in the province and have claimed pervious attacks there. Meanwhile, in a separate attack Saturday that targeted the office of a candidate in western Herat province, at least two people including a security guard and a child were killed, said Gelani Farhad, spokesman for the provincial governor. He said one other person was wounded after two gunmen riding a motorcycle opened fire at the campaign office of parliamentary candidate Sayed Azem Kabrzani in the Injil district. "The candidate himself was not in the office when the attack happened and he is safe," said Farhad. A police investigation was begun to find out more about the attack, he said. These were not the first attacks targeting a political campaign this year. On Tuesday, eight people including

candidate Saleh Mohammad Achekzai, were killed when a suicide bomber struck Achekzai's home In Helmand province. He was holding a meeting at the time of the attack in Lashkar Gah, the provincial capital. On Oct. 2, just days after official campaigning began, a suicide bomber struck an election rally in eastern Nangarhar province, killing at least 14 people and wounding around 40. Last week, Taliban insurgents issued a statement condemning the elections and warning candidates and Afghan Security Forces that they would be targets if they participate. The Taliban called the polls a US-manipulated event to further their hold on the country. There are 2,565 candidates vying for seats in the 249-member chamber, including 417 women candidates. In the run-up to campaigning, five candidates have been killed in separate attacks. Officials from the country's Independent Election Commission said another two candidates have been abducted, with their fates unknown, and three others have been wounded in violence. Afghan security forces accidentally killed three bodyguards of an independent candidate during a raid on a house near his residence in the eastern Kunar province.

Afghan Taliban says will continue talks with US peace envoy KABUL AGENCIES

Taliban leaders will continue to meet for discussions with the newly appointed US special envoy for peace efforts in Afghanistan, the Taliban said on Saturday, a move that could accelerate diplomatic engagement between the warring sides. Zalmay Khalilzad, an Afghanborn US diplomat, met with Taliban leaders in Qatar on Friday in an effort to find a way to end the 17-year-old war in Afghanistan. "Both sides spoke (about) an end to the occupation and a peaceful solution to the Afghan issue ... Both sides agreed to continue meeting in the future," Taliban spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid said in a statement. Khalilzad arrived in Kabul on Saturday and briefed Afghan President Ashraf Ghani about his 10-day tour of four countries, which ended with the meeting with leaders of the hardline Islamist militant group. A senior member of the Taliban said Khalilzad had asked the Taliban leadership, based in the Qatari capital Doha, to declare a ceasefire in Afghanistan during upcoming parliamentary polls. "Both sides discuss prospects of peace and the U.S presence in Afghanistan," said another Taliban official, requesting anonymity. In exchange, the Taliban wants the Afghan government to release its fighters from jails across the country and the

Malaysia PM-in-waiting Anwar wins parliamentary by-election

Minor blast injures at least 4 people in india's northeast GAUHATI AGENCIES

swift removal of foreign forces fighting alongside Afghan soldiers. US officials in Kabul were not immediately available to comment on Khalilzad's visit.

successor after the two men set aside a bitter feud and joined hands to capture a stunning victory in May's general election. Anwar couldn't participate in the election due to a sodomy conviction — a charge that he alleged was politically motivated — but he was freed and received a royal pardon days after the polls. The Election Commission said Anwar received 31,016 votes for the parliamentary seat in the southern coastal town of Port Dickson, defeating six other candidates. His closest rival secured only 7,456 votes. Anwar said his huge margin of victory was unexpected and called it a "convincing" win. AGENCIES

A minor blast hit a busy shopping district in the capital of India's northeastern Assam state on Saturday, wounding at least four people, police said. The explosion took place outside the office of a district magistrate, but it is unclear whether the official was the target, said senior police officer Harmeet Singh. The wounded have been hospitalized, but their injuries were not life threatening, Singh said. Paresh Baruah, leader of the United Liberation Front of Assam (Independent), called local television channels on the phone and claimed responsibility for the attack. The group, fighting for independence from India, operates from hideouts along India's border with Myanmar and China. Police are investigating the incident. Such blasts occur often in India's northeast region, which is home to dozens of separatist groups that accuse the government of exploiting the area's natural resources while doing little for the indigenous people. They stage hit-and-run attacks.

TruMP vowS 'Severe PuniShMenT' for SAudi ArABiA if khAShoggi wAS killed

PORT DICKSON: Charismatic Malaysian politician Anwar Ibrahim won a by-election for a parliamentary seat with a landslide victory on Saturday in a grand political comeback to help him prepare for his eventual takeover from Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad. Anwar was designated as Mahathir's

WASHINGTON: US President Donald Trump said in a CBS interview on Saturday that there would be "severe punishment" for Saudi Arabia if it turns out that missing Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi was killed in the Saudi consulate in Istanbul. Trump said he did not want to block military sales to Saudi Arabia, one option that has rattled US defense contractors, saying, "I don't want to hurt jobs." Khashoggi, a prominent critic of Riyadh and a US resident who wrote columns for the Washington Post, disappeared on Oct. 2 after visiting the consulate. "We're going to get to the bottom of it and there will be severe punishment," Trump said. Asked whether Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman gave an order to kill Khashoggi, Trump said, "Nobody knows yet, but we'll probably be able to find out." Trump added in excerpts of the "60 Minutes" interview that will air on Sunday, "We would be very upset and angry if that were the case." Trump said there was much at stake with Khashoggi case, "maybe especially so" because he was a reporter. Major US defense contractors have expressed concern to the Trump administration that lawmakers angered by Khashoggi's disappearance will block further arms deals with Riyadh. AGENCIES

Newspaper says Turkey has audio of Saudi writer's slaying ISTANBUL AGENCIES

Turkish officials have an audio recording of the alleged killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi from the Apple Watch he wore when he walked into the Saudi Consulate in Istanbul over a week ago, a pro-government Turkish newspaper reported Saturday. The new claim published by the Sabah newspaper, through which Turkish security officials have leaked much information about the case, puts more pressure on Saudi Arabia to explain what happened to Khashoggi. The writer, who has written critically about Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, disappeared after he walked into the consulate Oct. 2. The kingdom has maintained the allegations against it are "baseless," though an official early Saturday on Khashoggi's 60th birthday acknowledged for the first

time some believe the writer was killed by the kingdom. Authorities recovered the audio from Khashoggi's iPhone and

his iCloud account, the newspaper said. The journalist had given his phones to his fiancée before entering the con-

sulate. The newspaper also alleged Saudi officials tried to delete the recordings first by incorrectly guessing Khashoggi's PIN on the watch, then later using the journalist's finger. However, Apple Watches do not have a fingerprint ID unlock function like iPhones. The newspaper did not address that in its report. An Apple Watch can record audio and can sync that later with an iPhone over a Bluetooth connection if it is close by. The newspaper's account did not elaborate on how the Apple Watch synced that information to both the phone and Khashoggi's iCloud account. Turkish officials have not answered queries from The Associated Press about Khashoggi's Apple Watch. Turkish officials say they believe a 15-member Saudi "assassination squad" killed Khashoggi at the consulate. They've also alleged that they have video of the slaying, but not explained how they have it.


Sunday, 14 October, 2018


‘StrengthenIng of manufacturIng Sector VItal to curb dwIndlIng eXPortS’ PM’S ADVISOR ENVISIONS BRINGING EXPORTS BACK TO $25 BILLION BY 2019 LAHORE



DvISOR to Prime Minister on Commerce, Textile, Industry, Production and Investment Abdul Razak Dawood has said that the slogan “Made in Pakistan” will be promoted to the maximum in order to strengthen the manufacturing sector. Speaking at the Lahore Chamber of Commerce and Industry on Saturday, the PM’s advisor said all efforts would be made to make the slogan a reality, adding that the economy would not be able to achieve high growth rate until and unless the manufacturing sector and exports were strengthened. He said that payment of refunds to the industries would begin from

November this year, as per the commitment of the FBR chairman. “No country can survive with exports constantly dwindling. Countries like Malaysia, Thailand and Bangladesh are flourishing through their exports. My dream is to get exports back to $25 billion by the year 2019,” the advisor resolved, adding that it was imperative that the culture of export was promoted in the country. He said the government intended to tighten the screws on imports, as Pakistan was a country that was relying too much on imports. Dawood said that he was visiting Japan in December with an aim to get duty free access to the Japanese market. He noted that four million youngsters were coming to the job market every year and the only way to provide them employment was to boost manufacturing activities. The advisor informed that Prime Minister Imran Khan was visiting China on November 2 and a lot of development at economic front was expected. “I had five meetings with the Chinese ambassador and it is a matter of great satisfaction that they are very conscious about the trade gap be-

tween the two countries,” he added. He said that Kinno production in Pakistan was 360,000 tonnes but its exports were limited due to high ratio of seeds. In order to boost the Kinno exports, he added, the government was contacting China for the production of seedless Kinno in Pakistan. Speaking on the occasion, LCCI President Almas Hyder said refunds of up to Rs10 million should be released immediately as industrialists were running short of capital while they had to pay utility bills, salaries of staff and other expenses. “We talk about only five exportoriented sectors despite the fact that engineering and various other sectors have the potential to give a gigantic boost to the country’s exports,” Almas Hyder said, adding that these sectors should also be encouraged through relaxation in duties and taxes. The LCCI president said that Pakistani products were struggling in the international market as their prices were higher than India and China, while import of finished goods was cheaper than

the raw materials. Hyder said that alternative sources for power generation should be promoted to reduce the burden on conventional sources. He said that agriculture sector needs immediate attention and supportive policies as the country could earn huge foreign exchange through value addition in the agriculture sector. Hyder urged the PM’s advisor to have a meeting with traders and listen to their point of view on International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI) registration with Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA). LCCI President Almas Hyder, Senior vice President Khawaja Shahzad Nasir, vice President Fahimur Rehman Sehgal, former presidents Iftikhar Ali Malik, Mian Anjum Nisar, Mian Muhammad Ashraf, Mian Misbahur Rehman, Sheikh Muhammad Asif, Shahid Hassan Sheikh, Muhammad Ali Mian, Mian Muzaffar Ali, Abdul Basit, Sikander M. Khan, Amjad Ali Jawa, Irfan Iqbal Sheikh, Tariq Misbah, Kashif Anwar and executive committee members also spoke on the occasion.

ICST praises govt for launching Naya Pakistan Housing Scheme Indonesia asked to set up JVs for palm oil production in Pakistan ISLAMABAD ONlINe

Islamabad Chamber of Commerce and Industry President Ahmed Hassan Mughal has urged the Indonesian investors to setup joint ventures in Pakistan for the production and processing of palm oil to help reduce the country’s import bill. Exchanging views with Wisnu Suryo Hutomo, Indonesian Embassy’s Head of Economic and Commercial Department, the ICCI president mentioned that Pakistan’s palm oil import witnessed an increase of 23 per cent during the first half of 2017-18, stressing that Indonesia should cooperate with Pakistan in enhancing the local production of this commodity. Speaking on the occasion, Wisnu Suryo Hutomo said that Indonesia was ready to cooperate with Pakistan in cultivation of high-yielding palm plants in addition to establishing palm oil refineries to meet its domestic needs. He said apart from joint ventures in the production and processing of palm oil, manufacturing of high-value palm oil products would also be ensured in Pakistan. He said that Pakistan was exporting rice while there was a huge demand of Pakistani Kinnow and mangoes in Indonesia. He said both countries should focus on regular exchange of trade delegations to further strengthen bilateral relations.



The Islamabad Chamber of Small Traders (ICST) on Saturday lauded the government for initiating its flagship Naya Pakistan Housing Scheme, aimed at providing five million houses for low-income people over the next five years. In a statement, ICST Patron Shahid Rasheed Butt said that the housing scheme would help people get their own roof at an affordable price, something that has remained a dream for the majority since long. He said that the housing sector has been ignored for decades by the past governments, providing an opportunity to the black sheep in the private sector to plunder the resources of the poor. Shahid Rasheed Butt said that the government should keep the real estate mafia and investors away from the mega project so that

masses can get affordable houses and the culture of slums can be tackled. It is pertinent to mention that the prime minister had last week launched the muchcoveted Naya Pakistan Housing Scheme to fulfill one of the “cornerstones” of his party’s election manifesto. Following the announcement of Prime Minister Imran Khan, Punjab Minister for Housing and Urban Development Mian Mehmoodur Rasheed chaired a meeting of the Punjab Housing and Town Planning Agency (PHATA) at the committee room of Housing Department. He announced that the pilot project of this flagship housing plan would be launched in Faisalabad, and would soon be replicated in other cities of Punjab. The minister also directed the concerned officials to visit the designated land for the pilot project and prepare a briefing so that a layout for the project could be finallised in consultation with the construction experts.



The Pakistan Stock Exchange (PSX) came under heavy selling pressure for the second consecutive week, where the market reached its 27-month-low, wiped the index by another 4 per cent, and lost Rs361 billion in the shape of market capitalization. According to Topline Securities CEO Mohammed Sohail, the 4 per cent fall in the market during the preceding week took the twoweek losses to 9 per cent, the worst two-week performance in three-and-a-half years. “The investor sentiment was shaken by reports that certain stocks are under risk of exclusion from the MSCI’s Emerging Market Index. This was in addition to the already uncertain economic outlook of the country,” he said. “Among Pakistan stocks in the MSCI Emerging Market Index, Lucky and Habib Bank fell the most, declining by 11 per cent and 8 per cent respectively, and cumulatively eating away 316 points from the index. Resultantly, commercial banks and cements were the worst performing sectors during the week, cumulatively chipping away 595 points from the index,” he explained. He informed that the foreigners sold $32.6 million (largest selling after eight weeks) worth of shares during the week versus net selling of $8.4 million last week. On the local front, companies, insurance and banks were net buyers amounting to $22.8 million, $6.5 million, and $6.3 million, respectively, he added. Sohail said the country’s top decisionmakers finally conveyed their intentions to approach the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for a bailout package, with the fund showing its willingness to work on the finer details of a new programme. This announcement earlier in the week resulted in a large nosedive in rupee value against the greenback, which slightly recovered later in the week, he added. “The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) team conducting a review on Pakistan’s progress on compliance with the framework’s guidelines signalled that the country needs to do more work to be fully compliant and gain removal from the grey list in the next review, which hints at increased tightening on scrutiny of financial transactions, hence negative ramifications for the economy,” he remarked. He further informed that among individual scrips, K-Electric managed to garner some interest towards the end of the week on the back renewed expectations of the government giving a final go-ahead to Shanghai-Electric for completion of the long-pending sale of the electric utility. “We expect the market to remain under duress as negative news manages to far outweigh any positive developments while the market forces continue to factor in the impact of lower rupee, higher inflation and interest rates,” said an analyst from Habib Metrofinancial Service. “We recommend spare liquidity in portfolios with a preference for high quality picks once the ongoing volatility is over.”

Imposition of sin tax on tobacco industry recommended ISLAMABAD ONlINe

National Health Services Minister Aamer Mehmood Kiani has called for collaborated efforts with the Ministry of Finance to raise the taxation on cigarette, since it has proven to be a major cause of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and the subsequent deaths in Pakistan. Speaking at the first-ever health festival organised by the Hashoo Foundation and committing to further increase of taxation on tobacco products and sugary drinks, Kiani said, “The tobacco is the leading cause of health diseases in Pakistan and stricter measures must be adopted to elim-

inate its consumption in the country.” Discussing the plan of the health ministry and the rising need to collaborate with the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) to curb the health hazards of tobacco consumption, Kiani stated the government has vowed to place health at the top of its agenda and therefore FBR must collaborate with the health sector. “I suggest the implementation of sin tax on tobacco products and I have communicated the same in writing to the Ministry of Finance,” he added. A sin tax is an instrument of excise tax, specifically levied on certain goods which are deemed injurious to the society and includes products like soft drinks, cof-

fee, sugar, fast food and tobacco. According to the World Bank, the excise taxes on tobacco products can not only prove to be an effective instrument for promoting public health, but can also raise significant revenues for a nation’s exchequer. If designed and implemented well, excise taxes can be a win-win for a country’s health and finance sector simultaneously. It is pertinent to mention that Pakistan became a signatory to the World Health Organisation’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in 2005, under which it took a pledge to ensure smoke-free public places, reduce tobacco advertising and promotion and to raise tobacco taxation and pricing.

The Prohibition of Smoking and Protection of Non-Smokers’ Health Ordinance 2002, incorporated necessary statutory regulatory orders (SROs) to abide by the clauses of the WHO’s FCTC; although, the non-compliance of the law in the public places including in banks, universities and restaurants remains alarmingly high. The implementation of tobacco control law in Pakistan is so poor that it is ranked at 54th among 84 countries with the highest prevalence of tobacco smoking. Moreover, the cost of smoking in Pakistan associated with the outbreak of NCDs and the other tobacco-related diseases is reported to be around Rs143.208

billion in the year 2017. The Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) results of 2015 are proven to be further alarming and indicate that the usability of tobacco products is Pakistan is very high with around 31.8 per cent of men and 5.8 per cent of women being addicted to cigarette and other tobacco products. According to FCTC, increasing taxes on tobacco products is one of the most effective ways of cutting down consumption; however, Pakistan has witnessed an unfortunate series of events in the form of resistance from the powerful tobacco industry which has always vehemently lobbied against the tobacco law introduction and implementation in the country.

12 BUSINESS nePra approves tariff for 11.52mw solar power project ISLAMABAD AHMAD AHMADANI

The National Electric Power Regulatory Authority (NEPRA) has determined and approved Rs7.7863 per unit tariff for the first ten years, while Rs2.9824 per unit for the remaining 15 years with regard to the 11.52MW solar power project. NEPRA, in its recent order, has determined the tariff component for Access Solar Private Limited’s (ASPL) 11.52MW solar power project regarding the delivery of electricity to the power purchaser. Operation and maintenance cost for 25 years has been set at Rs0.8981kWh, while insurance during the operation has been fixed at Rs0.2081 per unit, and return on equity at Rs1.8762 per unit. Also, debt servicing has been set at Rs4.8039/unit. According to NEPRA, levelized tariff has been worked out at US Cents 5.9374 per kWh, energy performance certificate (EPC) cost of $0.7035 million per megawatt has been considered, PDC including land cost of $619,880 has been set, and annual plant capacity factor of 20.26 per cent has been used. Similarly, annual degradation factor of 0.5 per cent has been used and capitalized in the approved project cost, while operation and management cost of $15,180/MW per year has been approved and the tariff is applicable for 25 years from the commercial date of operation (COD). Likewise, debt service shall be paid in the first 10 years of commercial operation of the plant. Debt servicing has been worked out at a fixed rate of 6pc. Debt of equity of 75:25 has been used. Return on Equity during construction and operation of 15pc has been allowed. Construction period of eight months has been allowed for the workings of ROEDC and IDC. Insurance during operation has been calculated as 0.50pc of the allowed EPC cost.

Pml-n, PPP ‘looted country like east India company’: Pew ISLAMABAD INP

The Pakistan Economy Watch (PEW) criticised Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) and Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) plundered country like East India Company while recent price hike was a compulsion due to destructive policies of former prime minister Nawaz Sharif. Masses should understand that the country cannot be run on the basis of loans forever and a change is not possible overnight, the report said. “Economic stability will automatically reduce prices of energy and necessities and stabilise the eroding exchange rate,” said Chairman of the PEW Brig Muhammad Aslam Khan (Retd). Speaking at a function, he said that people should not panic and remember the example of South Korea which took a loan of $58 billion from the IMF to avoid default. “Masses cooperated with the government and deposited tonnes of gold enabling government to repay debt four years ahead of schedule,” he added. Muhammad Aslam Khan said that in 1907 the same country faced a crisis when Japanese loans matched its GDP, men quit smoking while women sold their wedding dresses and jewelry. The world wars destroyed many countries which are now highly developed nations, he said, adding that venezuelan economy has contracted by 18 percent in 2018, prices have jumped by 1,370,000 percent while IMF forecast says that inflation is to touch ten million percent by 2019.

Sunday, 14 October, 2018

PakIStan to Share chIneSe debt detaIlS wIth Imf, SayS aSad umar ISLAMABAD



AKISTAN will be sharing the details of debt it received from China with the International Monitory Fund (IMF), as there was nothing to hide in this regard, said Finance Minister Asad Umar while talking to media on Saturday. “Pakistan has received short and cheaper loans from China which would be paid back in three years,” the finance minister told reporters in a press briefing. “Although Pakistan has requested IMF for $12 billion, but the lender is likely to agree for less than the demand. Since formal talks would commence with the IMF team on November 7, it is premature to talk about conditions of the lender.” Umar said the decision to approach IMF was made after due consultations with all friendly countries, including China and Saudi Arabia. Like the previous programme, he added, the next programme would also be for three years. He, however, avoided sharing the expected amount from the fund. “The government has approached the IMF owing to the wrong policies of the previous government. I had admitted on floor of the house in 2013 that former finance minister Ishaq Dar had no option but to approach IMF, keeping in view the economic condition after the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) government. We would also be responsible in case the next government goes to the IMF,” Asad Umar remarked, while criticizing the opposition parties for portraying the recent approach to IMF as a “historic”

DECISION TO APPROACH IMF WAS MADE AFTER CONSULTATION WITH KSA, CHINA development. “Prime Minister Imran Khan, during the election campaign, had never shunned the IMF option, as I had briefed him clearly about the economic situation where IMF was the only solution,” the finance minister maintained. Talking about the US objection on the IMF programme, he said that the US should not object the move as it has no veto power to force the fund to change its decision. “I totally disagree with what the US State Department spokesperson Heather Nauert said regarding the Chinese debt,” the minister said, referring to the spokesperson’s recent statement in which he viewed Chinese debt as a reason for Pakistan’s request for an IMF bailout package. In reply to a query, he said that Chinese investment has not significantly increased the country’s overall foreign debt burden, adding that Pakistan would only be paying at least $300 million annually to China. He claimed that the fund received from IMF would not be spent on repayment of Chinese debt. According to him, the overall public debt was $95 billion and the country needed to make a repayment of $9 billion this financial year. The minister also dispelled the impression that IMF has sought details about agreements with China, saying that the lender, in the initial talks, has asked about debt sustainability. “I have not been asked about the China Pakistan Economic Corri-

dor,” the finance minister confirmed. He admitted as long as the country does not remove the causes of increasing debt burden, the deficits will continue to haunt the economy. “If one rupee is devalued against dollar, the burden of debt increases by Rs95 billion. Previous governments are responsible for the same,” he said, adding the only way to stabilize rupee was to increase the country’s exports, for which the new government has taken various steps like incentives to the textile sector and removal of regulatory duties. Defending the government’s move to approach IMF, the minister said there was “no option left” for his government, as the current account deficit was increasing by $2 billion every month, while there

were not enough reserves to pay off the import bill of two months. Showing details, the minister said the reserves were recorded $18.925 billion when the previous government concluded the loan programme of IMF in October 2016. “But the fall of reserves continued afterwards and reached $8.408 billion in September 2018. The current account deficit which was $4.867 billion in 2015-16 has reached to $18.130 billion by the end of 201718,” he informed. To a question, the finance minister claimed that his government may reconsider the IMF option in case the lender fixes conditions that Pakistan may not be able to accept. On another query, the minister said Pakistan was in talks with Saudi Arabia for provisions of oil on deferred payment. The minister on the occasion was accompanied by State Minister for Revenue Hamad Azhar.

‘Potential IMF programme to be around $15bn’ A potential International Monetary Fund programme for Pakistan could be valued at $15 billion, the Institute of International Finance (IIF) said in a report. According to the report, IIF expects an agreement on a three-year IMF programme of $15 billion by end of this year. The rupee’s 24 per cent depreciation since end of 2017 may have eliminated most of the overvaluation, the institute stated. Fiscal adjustment, monetary tightening, and a greater exchange rate flexibility will be integral to the new program, it said. Pakistan formally requested IMF for financial assistance at a meeting of the IMF-World Bank in Bali, Indonesia earlier this week. IMF chief Christine Lagarde said in a statement that she met with Finance Minister Asad Umar, State Bank Governor Tariq Bajwa and other members of Pakistan’s delegation. “During the meeting, they requested financial assistance from the IMF to help address Pakistan’s economic challenges,” Lagarde said.

ATTOCK: Workers clean peanuts at roadside in Mirza village. ONlINe

US draws China FX into trade dispute as IMF calls for resolution NUSA DUA AGeNCIeS

The United States sought to make currency a central part of any solution to a bruising trade fight with China, keeping the pressure on Beijing to speed up economic reforms at a gathering of world policy makers who pledged to do more to safeguard global growth. China’s central bank governor Yi Gang on Saturday promised to keep the yuan currency’s value “broadly stable” at International Monetary Fund and World Bank annual meetings in Bali where the IMF attempted to prod the world’s two largest economies to resolve their disputes. The People’s Bank of China governor’s statement to the IMF steering committee echoed Fund members to avoid competitive currency devaluations. “China will continue to let the market play a decisive role in the formation of the RMB exchange rate,” Yi said in the statement “We will not engage in competitive devaluation, and will not use the exchange rate as a tool to deal with trade frictions.” A communique issued by the IMF’s

member countries on Saturday - which followed fresh tumult in financial markets - also sought to soothe nervous investors with a pledge to step up their dialogue on trade issues. US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said on Saturday that Chinese officials told him that further yuan depreciation was not in China’s interests. He told Reuters in an interview on Friday that currency issues needed to be part of U.S.-China trade talks. “We want to make sure that (yuan) depreciation is not being used for competitive purposes in trade,” Mnuchin told reporters on Saturday. The yuan [CNY=CFXS] has fallen more than 8 percent against the dollar since the end of April to about 6.91 on Friday, close to the psychologically important 7.0 level not seen in a decade. In the communique from the International Monetary and Financial Committee, the Fund’s member countries also agreed to debate ways to improve the World Trade Organization so it can better address trade disputes. “We acknowledge that free, fair, and mutually beneficial goods and services

trade and investment are key engines for growth and job creation,” the IMFC said in the statement. “We will refrain from competitive devaluations and will not target our exchange rates for competitive purposes,” it added. On Thursday, IMF Managing Director Christine Lagarde urged members to “de-escalate” trade tensions and work on fixing global trade rules. She also warned against adding currency to the trade conflict, saying this would hurt global growth as well as “innocent bystander” nations, including emerging markets that supply commodities to China. She urged. Some of these countries, including Indonesia, the host of the IMF and World Bank meetings, are already struggling to contain capital outflows prompted by higher U.S. interests rates. Fears that rates could spike sharply higher - and the international trade tensions - touched off a searing sell-off in global stock markets over the past week. European Central Bank Governor Mario Draghi warned on Saturday that a “snap back” in rates and a sharp repricing of asset prices were the biggest risks to

the economic outlook. Federal Reserve vice Chair Randal Quarles said the U.S. central bank considers the effect of its actions on emerging markets, but getting domestic monetary policy right was the Fed’s priority. “It’s not going to be in the interest of anyone in the world ... for us to get behind the curve in the U.S. by moderating what we think is the right course of domestic policy,” Quarles told a finance conference in Bali. Blaming the Sino-U.S. trade dispute and tighter financial conditions in emerging markets, the IMF this week cut global growth forecasts for 2018 and 2019. “The recovery is increasingly uneven, and some previously identified risks have partially materialized,” the IMFC communique said, referring to threatened tariffs and outflow pressures. The United States and China have slapped tit-for-tat tariffs on hundreds of billions of dollars of each other’s goods over the past few months, sparked by U.S. President Donald Trump’s demands for sweeping changes to China’s intellectual property, industrial subsidy and trade policies.

Trump has frequently accused China of cheapening its currency to gain a trade advantage, claims Beijing has consistently rejected. The U.S. Treasury is due to release a key report on currency manipulation next week. Despite reassurances from China’s central bank on currency policy, some analysts say yuan weakness will persist, as there is no clear path towards resolving the U.S.-China trade dispute and higher tariff rates loom in January. “Clients in China remain unwilling to call a bottom in the yuan,” NatWest Markets head of foreign exchange strategy Mansoor Mohi-uddin said in a research note. “This in turn makes us cautious about calling for a peak in the dollar globally.” Further Federal Reserve rate hikes are expected to underpin the dollar’s strength and increase capital outflow pressures on emerging market economies But Bank of Japan Governor Haruhiko Kuroda said the Fed’s rate hikes were “basically good” for the world economy, though he was more cautious about escalating trade tensions due to their “rather unusual” scale.



Sunday, 14 October, 2018

IrreSIStIble DjokovIc SchoolS Zverev to reach ShanghaI fInal SHangHai



OVAK Djokovic will rise to number two in the world after he dismantled a shell-shocked Alexander Zverev 6-2, 6-1 on Saturday to surge into the Shanghai Masters final. Celebrating his 1,000 match in style, the 14-time Grand Slam winner was clinical as he lined up a potential title showdown on Sunday with reigning champion Roger Federer. Top seed Federer plays 13th seed Borna Coric of Croatia in the other semifinal. Djokovic will be up a place to second in the world -- overtaking 20-time Grand Slam champion Federer -- when the rankings are released on Monday. He is desperate to take injured Rafael Nadal's number one spot before the year is out, and on this evidence, he will. The 31-year-old Serbian is in imperious form and this was his 17th ATP victory in a row, as he taught rising German star Zverev a harsh lesson.

Wang downs Svitolina for biggest win of the year Hong Kong Agencies

Chinese number one Wang Qiang wrapped up the biggest win of her season Saturday, after an overnight rain delay forced her to wait to claim victory over world number five Elina Svitolina at the Hong Kong Open. She needed just 10 minutes on court to end the Ukrainian's resistance, sealing the 6-2, 6-4 quarter final win with an ace. The 26-year-old was serving for the match at 5-2 in the second set when the heavens opened Friday evening. Svitolina, the tournament's top seed, was Wang's highest-ranked top 10 scalp this year. She was unable to capitalise on her stay of execution despite breaking Wang to go 3-5 and then holding her own serve. The Rome champion, who had been hoping to sew up qualification in Hong Kong for the WTA Finals, said Saturday that she was "fighter" and had come back on court believing he still had a chance.

Piracy threatens future of sports broadcasting

Djokovic, who had elbow surgery in February but recovered to win Wimbledon and then the US Open last month, said: "Being number two after this tournament is also a great achievement, considering the first four, five months of the year and considering I had the surgery. "And where I was about four

months ago and where I am today is quite an extreme opposite. "I'm just cherishing that achievement and every moment spent on the court." The 21-year-old Zverev made an iffy start, beginning his first service game with a double-fault. The world number five -- who beat

Djokovic in their only previous meeting, last year in the Rome Masters final -- recovered his poise for a time. The first set went with serve, and some big serves at that, until Djokovic grabbed the break to go 4-2 up. Zverev threatened to unravel and conceded the set in barely 30 minutes after landing a routine smash into the net, to gasps from the arena. The fourth seed, who is yet to win a Grand Slam despite his undoubted talent, angrily threw his racquet at the start of the second set as Djokovic ramped up the pressure. An increasingly exasperated Zverev issued more punishment to his racquet at 3-1 down, earning a code violation and tossing the battered piece into the crowd. Zverev was dismissed brutally in exactly one hour. He called it a "weird" match and said he was never close to his best. But he had fulsome praise for Djokovic, saying: "He's probably the best player in the world right now. "He's definitely at the highest level he's maybe ever been, or maybe equal to it."

Snowstorm kills at least eight climbers on Nepal peak: officials KatHmandu Agencies

At least eight climbers from a South Korean expedition have died on Nepal's Mount Gurja after their camp was devastated by a violent snowstorm, officials said Saturday. The bodies of eight climbers -four South Koreans and four Nepali guides -- were spotted among the wreckage of their camp by a rescue team early Saturday morning, but unstable and icy conditions were hampering the search effort. "We assume the incident happened because of a snowstorm because trees are broken and the tents. Even the dead bodies are scattered," police spokesman Sailesh Thapa told AFP. Thapa said a ninth climber may also be missing. A helicopter reached the site and managed to land just above the expedition team's camp, but were unable to retrieve any of the bodies. "Everything is gone, all the tents are blown apart. The conditions were too icy to continue the search," pilot Siddartha Gurung told AFP. Gurung said a rescue team would hopefully return to the camp on Sunday, if conditions improved. Wangchu Sherpa, managing director of Trekking Camp Nepal, who organised the expedition, said they raised the alarm after they had not heard from the team for nearly 24 hours. "After they (the climbers) were

out of contact since yesterday we sent people from the village and a helicopter to search for them," he said. The group of South Korean climbers and their Nepali guides had been camped at the foot of 7,193 metre (23,599 foot) Mount Gurja since early October, waiting for a window of good weather so they could attempt to reach the summit. Feted South Korean climber Kim Chang-ho, who in 2013 became the fastest person to summit the world's 14 highest mountains without using supplemental oxygen, was leading the expedition, according to a government-issued climbing permit seen by AFP. Kim is believed to be among the dead, officials said. The climbing permit listed four South Korean climbers, but a fifth member had joined the team later, according to Suresh Dakal of Trekking Camp Nepal.

Dakal said they were still struggling to confirm if the fifth South Korean had reached the base camp when the powerful storm tore through the area on Friday. Rarely-climbed Gurja lies in Nepal's Annapurna region, next to avalanche-prone Dhaulagiri -- the world's seventh highest mountain. Gurja was first summited in 1969 by a Japanese team but no one has stood on its summit for 22 years, according to the Himalayan Database. Four climbers have perished on its flanks and a total of 30 have successfully reached its peak -- a fraction of the more than 8,000 people who have summited the world's highest mountain, Everest. Thousands of climbers flock to Nepal each year -- home to eight of the world's 14 highest peaks -- creating a lucrative mountain tourism industry that is a vital source of cash for the impoverished country.

Doping agency denies trying to bully athletes’ representative new YorK Agencies

The World Anti-Doping Agency denied on Friday that it had disrespected or attempted to bully athletes’ representative Beckie Scott during a debate in which tensions were “running high” over a decision to reinstate Russia’s anti-doping organization. Scott, chair of the WADA Athlete Committee, said in an interview with the BBC that she was “treated with disrespect” and faced “inappropriate” comments and gestures from the WADA executive committee for her opposition to Russia’s reinstatement during a September meeting. WADA denied that it had mistreated Scott, saying the atmosphere at the meeting was the product of “strong and divergent views.” “Following some remarks made by Ms Scott at the executive committee meeting last month, there was discussion among the members on a number of different topics and it is fair to say that during this stage of the meeting, tensions were running high leading to comments from all sides that reflected the strong views held,” WADA said in a statement sent to Reuters. Scott, an Olympic gold medal winner for Canada in cross-country skiing, felt that the tone of the meeting was more dismissive than inclusive, arguing that WADA had little interest in hearing from athletes or their concerns. “This behavior will never be acceptable. Time to show leadership,” said WADA Vice President Linda Helleland, who opposed Russia’s reinstatement. “Time to understand one of the reasons WHY WADA Executive Committee exists: To respect and protect the athletes. And listen to their views. It should be no place for bullies!” she said. Russia’s Anti-Doping Agency (RUSADA) was suspended in November 2015, after an independent WADA report carried out by Canadian lawyer Richard McLaren outlined evidence of statebacked, systematic doping and cover-ups in Russian sport. WADA laid out a road map to compliance, but on Sept. 20 reinstated RUSADA without Russia having fully met two conditions: recognizing the findings of the McLaren Report and allowing access to stored urine samples at its Moscow lab. Travis Tygart, head of the United States Anti-Doping Agency and an outspoken WADA critic, said on Friday that Scott was now speaking for the overwhelming majority of the global athlete community. “Today’s BBC interview with World Anti-Doping Agency athlete chair Beckie Scott presents a damning and accurate reflection of the fragile state of the WADA-led global anti-doping system as it exists today,” Tygart said in a statement.

London Agencies

Piracy poses an existential problem for broadcast rights holders but there are no signs that live sport is losing its glittering allure, according to Eleven Sports chief executive Marc Watson. The company — a relative upstart in a cut-throat field — has got its hands on a number of highprofile events this year, adding the UK and Irish rights to the PGA Championship, La Liga and Serie A to a growing portfolio. Founded by Leeds United owner Andrea Radrizzani in 2015, it holds the rights for a range of sports in 11 markets, but Singapore has proved a major headache. “Piracy is everywhere… It is an existential problem for broadcasters,” Watson told AFP in an interview at the company’s London headquarters, though he said the extent of the problem varies from place to place. “Piracy is rampant in Singapore. It is a very law-abiding nation but piracy is pretty much treated there as legitimate. “The levels of piracy are hard to make the business work but it was not only us who suffered.”

Salah scores direct from corner, strains muscle in Egypt romp London Agencies

Liverpool star Mohamed Salah scored direct from a corner but was later injured as Egypt romped to a 4-1 Africa Cup of Nations qualifying win over eSwatini on Friday. The striker went down holding his leg as the Group J match drew to a close in Cairo, resumed after receiving treatment, and was almost immediately withdrawn. Speaking after the match, Egypt assistant coach Hany Ramzy told BeIN Sports: "The initial diagnosis, according to the team doctor, is a strong muscle strain. It is not a tear, I think it is not serious." A spokesman for the team's medical department told the website: "He (Salah) had a light strain, we will do a scan as soon as possible. "I doubt he can play next Tuesday. We will be sure after the scan," he

added, referring to the return match against eSwatini in Manzini. After scoring 44 goals in all competitions during his first season at Anfield, the striker has netted only three this term, with just one since August. Salah netted twice and missed two penalties when record seven-time African champions Egypt hammered Niger 6-0 last month in another qualifier. With eSwatini (formerly Swaziland) ranked even lower than Niger, there were expectations that Salah could get back on the goal trail at the Al Salam Stadium. He blasted a shot wide with Egypt three goals ahead before curling a corner into the net on the stroke of half-time. Salah fluffed a chance to net again by missing from inside the box during the second half after combining with Arsenal midfielder Mohamed Elneny. Captain Ahmed Elmohamady, Amr Warda and Mahmoud Hassan also


scored for Egypt and Sibonginkosi Gamedze snatched a late eSwatini goal. Tunisia, who host Niger Saturday, and

Egypt have six points each in a minileague both seem certain to qualify from for the 2019 Cup of Nations in Cameroon.


Sunday, 14 October, 2018

PakIStan reaDy for 'DangerouS' auStralIa, SayS MIckey arthur dubai



AKISTAN Head Coach Mickey Arthur admitted Australia will be a "dangerous" proposition in the second Test after they clung on for an improbable draw in a thrilling series opener in Dubai. Australia put up a remarkable fightback to deny Pakistan victory on a wearing fifth day pitch, as they avoided defeat by holding on with just two wickets remaining. Set a daunting 462-run target, Australia ended on 362-8 as opener Usman Khawaja anchored the recovery with a magnificent 141, ably assisted by debutant Travis Head (72) and skipper Tim Paine, who made 61 not out. Arthur, who took the Pakistan job in May 2016, told AFP his team will be ready for a reinvigorated Australia in Abu Dhabi come the start of the second match on Tuesday. "Of course Australia will be dangerous after the fight they put up, no doubt about that," said Arthur. "But I am confident

that we are playing good enough cricket and we will come harder." Arthur, who previously coached his native South Africa and Australia, said his players were hurting after blowing a great opportunity to take a 1-0 lead in the two-match series. "For me it was really disappointing that we did not cross the line," he said. "But the good thing for us is that it has hurt the players as if we have lost and that for me is a good sign. It shows that the boys are getting mentally tough and maturing and do not settle

Icc approval in place ahead of t10 league second edition LAHORE: The International Cricket Council (ICC) and England & Wales Cricket Board (ECB) have approved the T10 League ahead of its second edition in November. The ICC has also advised its member countries to issue the NOCs to their players to participate in the event. T10 Cricket League Season 2 will be played at Sharjah Cricket Stadium from 23rd November to 2nd December, 2018. Due to the last year success, it is evident that the next season will attract cricket lovers from Pakistan. The 2017 edition was played from 14-17 December at the Sharjah Cricket Stadium which was won by Kerala Kings. Several domestic and international players continue to be part of the league. In a statement, T10 League Chairman Shaji Ul Mulk said, “This direct approval from ICC for T10 League gives our partners, stakeholders and more importantly the players a much-needed boost. Having said that, it additionally gives us responsibility to ensure we keep growing year-on-year and make this format globally acceptable”. Afghanistan spin wizard Rashid Khan (Maratha Arabians), Pakistan’s Shahid Afridi (Pakhtoons) and Shoaib Malik (Punjabi Legends), England’s Eoin Morgan (Kerala Kings), New Zealand’s Brendon McCullum (Rajputs), West Indies’ Sunil Narine (Bengal Tigers) and Darren Sammy (Northern Warriors), and Australia’s Shane Watson (Karachians) have already been roped in as icon players for their respective teams. press releAse

for second best any more, and that culture we want to create is getting through to our players and we will be raring to go in the second Test." Pakistan dominated the opening Test, compiling a first innings total of 482 on the back of centuries from Mohammad Hafeez and Haris Sohail after winning a crucial toss. They then bowled Australia out for 202 with debutant off-spinner Bilal Asif taking 6 for 36 and fast bowler Mohammad Abbas 4 for 29. "We certainly got some good runs in the first innings, golden runs as

there were some good knocks. We then bowled well in the first innings but not very good in the second innings on a fifth day pitch," said Arthur, who praised Australia's battling display. "I think we have got to hand it to them, on a day five wicket with Yasir Shah and Abbas — two world class bowlers in your attack — we backed ourselves to win the Test,” he said. “We can win nine times out of ten on a fifth day pitch but Khawaja played exceptionally well and Tim Paine played pretty well too and took away the game." Arthur conceded skipper Sarfraz Ahmed should have started with Abbas on the fifth morning, after the seamer jolted Australia with three wickets the evening before. "I told Sarfraz that we should have gone with Abbas and Yasir but he had spoken to some senior players and they told him to bowl with Wahab Riaz. The reasoning they gave was that Wahab was supposed to bring that reverse swing into play and that there were some patches, but I think our best bowlers (Yasir and Abbas) should have been bowling early on," said Arthur.

Morgan guides England to victory in rain-hit Sri Lanka ODI

dambuLLa Agencies

Captain Eoin Morgan hit 92 decisive runs to guide England to a damp squib win over Sri Lanka with rain halting play for the second straight match in their one-day series. England were awarded a 31-run victory on a faster run rate after torrential downpour at the Dambulla ground. The tourists scored 278-9 from 50 overs, with Morgan hitting 11 fours and two sixes in his innings, while Test captain Joe Root made 71. The umpires stopped play with Sri Lanka on 140-5 after 29 of their overs. Thisara Perera was on 44 and Dhananjaya de Silva on 36 when play was halted. They put on 66 for

the sixth wicket after Sri Lanka looked in deep trouble at 74 for five. Heavy rain was still falling an hour after the suspension and England were given victory under the Duckworth-Lewis-Stern run rate system. Only 15 overs of the first ODI between the two sides was possible on Wednesday before the game had to be abandoned without a result. A warm-up game against a Sri Lanka Cricket XI on October 6 did not start because of rain. "We have had a halted start in training and the first game with the rain," said Morgan. "I wouldn´t say it was our best game. The batting managed to scrape something together. We should have gone past a par score but ended up scraping to that."

Morgan and Root put England on target to reach 300 but veteran paceman Lasith Malinga took critical wickets at the start and in the lower order to finish on five for 44 on the tricky Dambulla pitch. He claimed England opener Jason Roy with the fourth ball of the day, brilliantly ended Morgan´s innings caught and bowled and also took Moeen Ali, Chris Woakes and Liam Dawson cheaply. Malinga shook England, who slipped from 209 for four. Tailender Adil Rashid´s 19 runs off 15 balls helped raise England from 254 for nine to a respectable score. Chris Woakes was England´s most threatening bowler, taking three for 26 off just five overs. Sri Lanka captain Dinesh Chandimal bemoaned the loss of his top order batsmen. "Apart from the first seven or eight overs when batting we competed really well," he said. "The energy in the field was good to see, and was a plus point today. "We are always giving away three or four wickets -- and that´s an area we have to improve as a unit, because that was a winning target." The third 50-over match is in Pallekele on Wednesday. England will also play two Tests and a Twenty20 international against Sri Lanka on the tour, which runs through November 27.

brItISh-PakIStanI IrIS IftIkhar aIMS for golD at brItISh taekWonDo chaMPIonShIP SportS deSK Twelve year old, British-Pakistani Iris Iftikhar is eyeing Gold in the upcoming British National Taekwondo Championship that will be held on October 27 and 28. She has already bagged a silver and two bronze medal, each, in London, Barnsley, and Scotland championships in the (44) kilogramme category. "All my success is due to my mother; she has supported me all the way through," she said, while talking to a local news outlet, "and it wouldn’t have been possible without her." "For other kids, my message is that work hard and you will achieve your goals. Taekwondo is not only good for physical health but it is good for self-defence and mental health.” "We should focus on our children's education as that is the way forward to prosper in this society but sports is where our Asian community is not very supportive to their children. As a parent, if we give this support to our children and, especially girls, they [would not] fear when they go out. I believe that's the best thing we can do as human beings," said the young sports star’s mother who has a big hand in her daughter’s success. "I want to make the British-Pakistani community proud, especially girls. My dream is to represent either England or Pakistan in the Olympics," concluded Iris.

Islamabad: An athlete participates in the 3rd National Youth and Junior Athletics Championship at Jinnah Stadium. Online

Our behaviour on the field was outstanding: Justin Langer dubai Agencies

Justin Langer, the Australian head coach, is proud of how his team fought to hold Pakistan to a thrilling draw in Dubai and says that the spirit between the two teams was “outstanding” throughout the game, reported ICC. “Whether we win or lose we’ve got to keep making Australians proud of how we go about our business,” said the 47year-old, who was appointed as the Australian head coach in March. “I’ve said it since day one and I really mean it. I hope to think our behaviour out on the field was outstanding throughout this game. The spirit between Australia and Pakistan was outstanding throughout the game. The way we kept fighting was outstanding throughout the game and then to hold on like we did. “Aussies love a battler and Aussies love an underdog so hopefully we’ve put

some smiles [back home…] because that’s really important for Australian cricket right now.” In the first innings, Australia lost all 10 for 60 runs, leading to more concern about their weaknesses in the sub-continent. But Langer was thrilled with how the team bounced back from that disappointment. “When we had that collapse it was so deflating because the things I believe in – in great teams, the preparation and camaraderie – it was all there, and then we have a performance like that and we all start questioning where we’re at. Then to see the way the boys put that preparation into practice throughout the game, but particularly that second innings, is a great credit to all of them.” Australia, who were 136/3 at stumps on day four, showed tremendous resistance on the final day of the Test to stay put at 362/8 when the stumps were drawn. Langer compared his team’s

resurgence in Dubai to their thrilling victory against the same opposition in Hobart in 1999, when the hosts successfully chased down a target of 369 after being 126/5 at one point and got a huge confidence boost.


“I actually talked about that Test match this morning to the boys before the game,” he said. “We felt if we could win from there we could win from anywhere. For us to draw from where we’ve been throughout this game, that’s going to be a

huge confidence booster to help us build this team. “Back then, we won 16 straight Test matches. Now I’m not saying this team is going to do that, obviously, but what I am saying is it was a huge confidence booster back then and I’ve got no doubt for this young team and a very young captain that’s a booster for them. “Never underestimate how victories like that, even though it was a draw, what a significant event that can be for building a team. Usman Khawaja, who scored a 302-ball 141 in the fourth innings, was the architect of Australia’s fightback in the game. Langer lavished praise on the lefthander, saying he has “huge admiration for what he’s done over the last six months”. “I’ve got so much admiration for Uzzie. Look at him. He’s got himself really, really fit to bat in these conditions and to do what he’s done is a great credit to him – then to also overcome the demons [about] whether he can play spin bowling,” he said.

Sunday, 14 October, 2018

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