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thursday, 14 june, 2018 i Ramzan-ul-mubarak 29, 1439 i Rs 20.00 i Vol Viii no 347 i 20 Pages i Lahore edition

LasT chance for Musharraf To appear before courT Prayer tiMings Fajar : Dhuhur : asr : maghrib : isha :

03:55am 01:30pm 05:15pm 07:09pm 09:00pm

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APex CouRT WARNS foRMeR MiLiTARy RuLeR To APPeAR ‘oR eLSe veRdiCT WiLL be ANNouNCed AS PeR LAW’ g

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CJP NiSAR WoNdeRS Why foRMeR diCTAToR WASN’T AfRAid WheN he WAS TAkiNG oveR CouNTRy, ReMARkS MuShARRAf ShouLd ACT Like ‘CoMMANdo, NoT PoLiTiCiAN’

RePoRTS SAy MuShARRAf uNLikeLy To ReTuRN hoMe LAHORE

T fiqah-e-hanfia lahore sehr: 3:17 aM iftar: 7:09 PM

islaMabad sehr: 3:12 aM iftar: 7:20 PM

fiqah-e-jafaria karachi sehr: 4:12 aM iftar: 7:23 PM

lahore sehr: 3:07 aM iftar: 7:19 PM

islaMabad sehr: 3:02 aM iftar: 7:30 PM

karachi sehr: 4:02 aM iftar: 7:33 PM

Sheikh Rasheed stands qualified g

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APex CouRT’S ThRee-MeMbeR beNCh GiveS 2-1 veRdiCT iN fAvouR of AML Chief JuSTiCe iSA SuGGeSTS MATTeR ShouLd be RefeRRed To fuLL CouRT

Staff RepoRt

he Supreme Court on Thursday told Gen (r) Pervez Musharraf to return home and appear before the court till Thursday afternoon or else the verdict will be announced as per law. The top court heard the case filed by Musharraf in 2015 against the rejection of his nomination papers in the 2013 general elections at its Lahore Registry on Wednesday where Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Mian Saqib Nisar ordered the former president to return to the country by 2 pm on Thursday. A three-judge bench, headed by CJP Nisar, had summoned the former military ruler on June 13 in connection with his petition against the Peshawar high Court

Tax-free mobile recharge until new strategy is evolved

STORY ON PAGE 03

STORY ON PAGE 02

Pm mulk approves posting of new chief secretaries, police chiefs g

fiNANCe MiNiSTeR ShAMShAd AkhTAR To heAd PRivATiSATioN MiNiSTRy, iNTeRioR MiNiSTeR AzAM khAN To SuPeRviSe houSiNG MiNiSTRy STORY ON PAGE 02

Nawaz, Maryam likely to leave for London today STORY ON PAGE 03

mmL’s request for registration as political party rejected by eCP STORY ON PAGE 10

imRan’S RS10m jet Ride

STORY ON BACK PAGE

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(PhC) verdict in 2013 for his lifetime disqualification and assured him that he would not be arrested from the airport till the court premises. “The verdict will be announced

in compliance with the law upon Musharraf’s failure to follow the orders,” he remarked.

CONTINUED ON PAGE 02


02 NEWS Tax-free mobile recharge until new mechanism is evolved ISLAMABAD: Following the order of Supreme Court, cellular companies have decided to suspend all taxes on mobile phone recharge through pre-paid scratch cards. According to media reports, all cellular users will be credited with 100 per cent amount on mobile recharge from tonight (12am PST) for the 15 days only. The Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) in collaboration with local cellular firms, within 15 days, will establish a new mechanism regarding tax deduction on mobile phone recharge. The current tax levy on every Rs100 recharge is Rs35.72. Earlier this week, the apex court had suspended all the taxes deducted by the cellular companies on mobile phone recharge and gave a two-day deadline to the companies for implementing the order A two-member bench, headed by Chief Justice Mian Saqib Nisar, issued the ruling while hearing a suo moto notice the withholding tax imposed on mobile recharge at apex court’s Lahore Registry. The court also ordered to form a comprehensive plan for deducting taxes on mobile cards, adding that the taxes – withholding tax, federal excise duty and others – will not be deducted until the final verdict in the case is announced. Earlier, Senator Muhammad Ateeq Shiekh during the meeting said, consumers have paid Rs28 on Rs100 card which is unfair. The government should remove advance and withholding tax being charged on Rs100 mobile card, he demanded. INp

Pakistan elected to UN Economic and Social Council Islamabad:Pakistan was elected today to the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) for a three-year term starting 1st January 2019, during elections held at the United Nations General Assembly in New York. Pakistan was one of the four countries elected to this important body from the Asia Pacific region. Pakistan secured 175 out of a total of 186 votes cast. ECOSOC is one of the principal organs of the United Nations mandated with the important tasks of coordination, policy review and formulating recommendations on economic, social and environmental issues, as well as for implementation of all important Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Pakistan's election is an endorsement and reaffirmation of Pakistan's constructive leadership in these important areas and its role as an ardent advocate of dialogue and cooperation. Pakistan’s member of ECOSOC comes at an important juncture as the United Nations heads towards the mid-term review of the implementation of the SDGs. Pakistan has remained actively involved and played a leadership role in these processes. Pakistan will continue its constructive engagement with member states, members of the Council and the international community to facilitate the implementation of the SDGs in a balanced, equitable and responsible manner. Pakistan has previously served on the ECOSOC on various occasions and has been re-elected following a mandatory break year in 2018, after having served two consecutive terms from 2012-14 and 2015-17. Staff report

Thursday, 14 June, 2018

PM Mulk aPProves Posting of new chief secretaries, Police chiefs FINANCE MINISTER SHAMSHAD AKHTAR TO HEAD PRIVATISATION MINISTRY, INTERIOR MINISTER AZAM KHAN TO SUPERVISE HOUSING MINISTRY iSLamaBad SHaHZaD paraCHa/Staff report

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RIME Minister Justice (r) Nasirul Mulk on Wednesday chaired a meeting of the caretaker federal cabinet at PM's Office wherein he approved posting of new chief secretaries and police heads for all provinces. The cabinet made the decision in consultation with the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) and the respective provincial governments to ensure free, fair and transparent elections in the country. In Punjab, Akbar Hussain Durrani has been appointed as chief secretary and Dr Kaleem Imam as the inspector general of police (IGP). Durrani, a BPS-22 officer, presently posted as federal secretary education, hails from Quetta, Balochistan, is a career bureaucrat and is known for his apolitical and professional career. He has been sidelined during the five-year tenure of Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz (PML-N) by the then blueeyed Fawad Hassan Fawad. Capt (r) Zahid Saeed, a BPS-22 officer of Pakistan Administrative Service, presently posted as Punjab chief secretary, is transferred and directed to report to Establishment Division. In Sindh, Azam Suleman Khan has been appointed as chief secretary whereas Amjad Javed Saleemi as the inspector general of police (IGP). In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Naveed Kamran Baloch has been appointed as chief secretary and Mohammad Tahir as the IGP. In Balochistan,

Akhtar Nazeer has been appointed as chief secretary and Mohsin Hasan Butt as the IGP. The incumbent IGPs have been called to Establishment Division. Similarly, Aftab Akbar Durrani, a BPS-20 officer of Pakistan Administrative Service, presently posted as chief commissioner, ICT, under Interior Division, is transferred and directed to report to Establishment Division, while Joudat Ayaz, a BPS-20 officer of Pakistan Administrative Service, presently posted as joint secretary, Capital Division, is transferred and posted as Chief Commissioner, ICT. Aurangzeb Haque, a BPS-22 officer of Administrative Service, presently posted as Balochistan chief secretary, is transferred and directed to report to Establishment Division, while Rizwan Memon, a BPS-22 officer of Administrative Service, presently posted as Sindh chief secretary, is transferred and directed to report to Establishment Division. addITIONal PORTFOlIOs GIVEN: Separately, PM Mulk has made changes to the six-member interim cabinet by granting additional portfolio of privatisation

ministry to interim Finance Minister Shamshad Akhtar and Ministry of Housing's to Interior Minister Mohammad Azam Khan. According to a notification, Finance and Planning Minister Dr Shamshad Akhtar was given the additional portfolio of privatisation ministry and Interior Minister Mohammad Azam Khan was given the Housing and Works Ministry, said the notification issued by the Cabinet Office. In another notification issued by the Joint Secretary of the Cabinet Dr Iram A Khan, the National Security Division was taken back from Abdullah Hussain Haroon. He will, however, continue to head the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The changes will be implemented from June 8. Doctor Shamshad Akhtar has served as the coordinator of the five United Nations regional commissions. Formerly, Dr Shamshad Akhtar was the UN Secretary-General’s Special Senior Adviser on Economics and Finance, and Assistant Secretary-General for Economic Development at the Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Dr Shahshad Akhtar has pre-

viously served as governor of State Bank of Pakistan (SBP). In 2008, The Wall Street Journal Asia also recognised her as one of Asia’s top-ten professional women. Abdullah Hussain Haroon has served as the Pakistan ambassador to the United Nations from September 2008 to December 2012. A scion of the Haroon family, he is a businessman, social activist and a former Sindh Assembly speaker who was a board member of various educational institutes, sports associations and charity organisations. Hussain Haroon’s appointment as the permanent representative of Pakistan to the United Nations, replacing veteran Munir Akram, was controversial because Haroon had no prior experience in the Pakistan Foreign Service or international diplomacy. Muhammad Azam Khan, an officer of the Pakistan Administrative Service (PAS), has served as the KP chief secretary. Azam Khan has served as FATA additional chief secretary, sports, tourism and youth affairs secretary, home and tribal affairs secretary and as Peshawar commissioner.

Last chance for Musharraf to appear before court Continued from page 01 The apex court noted that it was not bound to comply with any conditions set forth by Musharraf. “Musharraf was assured he would get protection but we are not bound to issue a written assurance to him,” observed CJP Nisar. During Wednesday’s proceedings, the court remarked that the former dictator must return by Thursday or else the verdict will be announced as per the law. The apex court added they are not liable to fulfil Musharraf’s conditions for his return and observed that ample security has been promised to him. The bench also questioned what Musharraf was afraid of as he has been given ample assurances by the apex court. Musharraf’s lawyer prayed that the former president’s nomination papers for the 2013 election be restored since the high court verdict on

the basis of which they were rejected had been made in absentia. He told the court that the former military ruler is ready to face an ongoing treason case against him, but he should be provided a guarantee of protection. “He has Parkinson’s disease, so a medical board will need to be set up,” Musharraf’s lawyer said, to which the chief justice said the court would form a medical board if Musharraf returns in an air ambulance. “What [other] assurance do you want from the Supreme Court: that treason proceedings will not take place against him?” the annoyed CJP asked. “If Pervez Musharraf is a commando, he should show us by returning instead of continuously parroting like a politician that he will return,” the CJP said. “Why does Musharraf need protection, what is he so afraid of?” the CJP wondered. “How can a commando be so afraid? Musharraf has said that he evaded death many times but was never afraid,” he remarked. “He didn’t feel afraid when he was taking over

this country,” the top judge added. “If Musharraf is ailing, how will he show [us] his fist?” he asked, in a reference to the infamous gesture of defiance the former dictator made on May 12, 2007, while Karachi was turned into a bloody battlefield to intimidate the then recently suspended chief justice, Iftikhar Chaudhry, into returning to Islamabad. “Musharraf should face the Constitution, the law, the nation and the courts,” Justice Nisar asserted. “The court will examine whether to give Musharraf permission to come and go, and whether his name should be placed on the Exit Control List (ECL) or not,” CJP Nisar said. The top judge said that the former military dictator should return and face the cases against him for suspension of the Constitution and treason. “The SC did not give Musharraf permission to travel abroad,” the CJP claimed. “This permission was granted by the government, which took his name off the ECL. The SC decision [in

this regard] was taken the wrong way,” he said. ‘mUsHaRRaF UNlIKElY TO RETURN’: Former military dictator General (r) Pervez Musharraf has decided not to appear before the Supreme Court (SC), after the apex court ordered him to return to Pakistan by 2 pm on June 14, a local news outlet reported. A review petition was filed in the SC for consideration after Musharraf’s lawyer moved the court to allow the former military ruler to contest elections. Last week, the top court had allowed the former president’s candidature on condition that his nomination would only be valid if the SC overturn his disqualification. Although Musharraf’s nomination papers for Chitral’s NA-1 seat were submitted earlier this week, the former military ruler did not appear in court despite SC orders that his national identity card (CNIC) and passport be unblocked in order to facilitate his travel.

Khattak owes SNGPL over Rs180mn, scrutiny reveals The Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL) on Wednesday sent a report to the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) highlighting that many aspirants for upcoming elections, including former Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) chief minister Pervez Khattak and Awami National Party (ANP) leader Haji Ghulam Ahmed Bilour, owe huge amounts to the company. This was revealed by SNGPL during the scrutiny of candidates for the upcoming polls. The re-

port comes a day after the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) declared over 100 election candidates as bank defaulters. It stated that the company is owed hundreds of millions of rupees by a sizable list of aspiring lawmakers, who are mostly CNG station owners. The report listed Amjad Khan Afridi — a former MPA of the Pakistan Tehreek-eInsaf who was expelled from the party, as the biggest defaulter owing SNGPL Rs216,295,485.

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Bilour, the erstwhile minister for railways and among the more notable names on the list, owes Rs144,670,715, whereas the outstanding amount pertaining to former KP CM Khattak stands at Rs106,575,071 in one case and Rs82,422,320 in another. Hamid Saeed Kazmi, the former minister for religious affairs who belongs to the PPP, is also on the SNGPL list, although at Rs31,500, the amount he owes pales in comparison to the rest. NewS DeSk


Thursday, 14 June, 2018

sc rejects Petition seeking sheikh rasheed's disqualification iSLamaBad

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Staff report

HE Supreme Court on Wednesday ruled in Awami Muslim League (AML) chief Sheikh Ahmed Rasheed’s favour in the misdeclaration of assets case against him. A three-member bench of the apex court, comprising Justice Sheikh Azmat Saeed, Justice Qazi Faez Isa and Justice Sajjad Ali Shah, rejected the election appeal of Malik Shakeel Awan who had accused Rasheed of misdeclaring his assets in the nomination forms that he had submitted to the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) for the general elections in 2013. The SC bench ruled 2-1 in Rasheed’s favour, with Justice Isa writing the dissenting note and recommending that the case be sent to a full court for further hearings. The apex court had closed the hearing on the election dispute on March 20 after listening to both sides. The 2-1 decision was read out by Justice Saeed. In his dissenting note, Justice Isa recommended constitution of a bench, preferably a Full Court since every judge has heard election disputes thereby acquiring knowledge to help decide questions of law raised by the appeal. The questions outlined by Justice Isa include are as following: Does every non-disclosure or mideclaration in the nomination form result in the disqualification of a candidate or only those whereby one has circumvented some inherent legal disability to participate in an election? If a petition does not disclose the

Zardari’s nomination papers for NA-213 challenged naWaBSHaH

APEX COURT’S THREE-MEMBER BENCH GIVES 2-1 VERDICT IN FAVOUR OF AML CHIEF particular facts, on the basis of which disqualification is sought can these be considered when subsequently disclosed in the affidavit in evidence of the petitioner or which may otherwise be discovered during the hearing before the tribunal or court? Does Article 225 of the Constitution exclude the application of Article 184(3) of the Constitution to election disputes? If the answer to the foregoing question is in the negative then is an election dispute regarding an individual’s qualification or disqualification a matter of “public importance” which requires the ‘enforcement’ of a fundamental right and if so can it be determined under Article 184(3) of the Constitution? If the answer to the foregoing question is in the affirmative, are the procedural and evidentiary rules governing election petitions and appeals under the ROPA the same as those governing petitions under Article 184(3) of the Constitution? Does the “court of law” mentioned in Article 62(1)(f) of the Constitution include the Supreme Court when exercising jurisdiction under Article 184(3)? If a candidate is disqualified on account of non-disclosure or misdeclaration does such disqualification subsist only till the next election or is it permanent? Justice Saeed, however, while authoring majority opinion said he was unable to append signatures of

Pakistan seal series as Faheem, Malik dominate

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Former president Asif Ali Zardari’s nomination papers for NA-213 Nawabshah were challenged on Wednesday. Zardari, who also heads the Pakistan People’s Party Parliamentarian (PPPP), had filed the papers to contest the July 25 elections from Nawabshah-I seat of the National Assembly. Applicants Ghulam Raza Dharejo and Muhammad Saleem Bhangwar approached returning officer of the area Muhammad Mehbob Awan, requesting him to reject the papers of the former head of the state. They contended that the former president had purchased 1,500 acres of agricultural land in Sinjhoro Tehsil of Sanghar district in 2000, but never paid land rent. He, therefore, is ineligible to contest the coming general elections, the applicants argued and requested the returning officer to reject his nomination papers.

aGeNCIeS

ECP summons Nisar as his nomination papers from NA-59 challenged raWaLpindi Staff report

Senior politician Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan was summoned by the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) on Wednesday after his candidature was challenged from NA-59 Attock-III on Tuesday. Nisar’s nomination papers for Na-63, NA-59, PP-10 and PP-12 were filed by his political aides after he decided he would contest the upcoming elections as an independent candidate. Nisar chose to end his three-decade long association with the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) due to ideological differences with PML-N leadership. In the appeal, the petitioner had said Nisar was involved in the Supreme Court attack case.

concurrence as the minority opinion suggested that the decision of the instant appeal be deferred till the questions as raised and enumerated are adjudicated by the Full Court. “Such exercise, if undertaken, is unlikely to be completed before the proposed general elections. Election disputes at the stage of scrutiny of the nomination papers and subsequent proceedings before the Election Tribunals, high court and top court are integral part of the election process both legally and politically.” Justice Saeed noted that if Justice Isa’s suggestions were followed then all the election disputes, which will inevitably crop up before Returning Officers (RO), tribunals and high court and SC would also not be adjudicated upon till the decision of said appeal since the disputes more often than not revolve around the questions raised by Justice Isa. “In such circumstances, the very validity of the proposed General Elections of 2018 would become questionable and the acceptance of its result by the participants almost impossible.” Advocate Sheikh Ilyas, who represented Awan in the case, had argued during the hearing that Sheikh Rasheed was involved in the concealment of assets as he had shown rent from properties as his source of income and Rs2.2 million as profit from bank accounts when his bank statement reflected

Rs5.3m from which Rs2.2m profit seemed not plausible. Besides, Rasheed mentioned 983kanal agricultural land in the nomination papers for the 2013 general elections while he actually owned 1,081-kanal agricultural land, the counsel had said. Similarly, he added, Rasheed showed the purchase of onekanal land in the Bahria Gold City for over Rs10m when the booking price of the land was over Rs48m, whereas the current market price of the same land was around Rs60m. The lawyer contended that the Representation of Peoples Act (RoPA) 1976 obligated all intending candidates to disclose their entire assets. The Panamagate verdict was the latest SC judgement over the concealment of assets in which Sheikh Rasheed also was one of the petitioners. ‘WOUld’VE aCCEPTEd VERdICT EVEN IF IT WasN’T IN mY FaVOUR’: Speaking to the media outside the apex court, Rasheed thanked God for bestowing him with respect. “I have done nothing wrong and never hid any of my assets,” he said. “God is great, He has bestowed me with respect yet again.” In a jibe at the PMLN supremo, the AML chief said he would have accepted the verdict even if it was not in his favour because he was not Nawaz Sharif. The petitioner remarked that his case was in the Election Tribunal for 18 months. “The verdict on my case was reserved for 84 days,” Awan said. The PML-N leader, however, told journalists that he trusted the judiciary and would continue to knock the doors of courts to seek justice.

Pakistan won and sealed the series by 84 runs against Scotland in the second and final T20I on Thursday, courtesy a three-wicket haul by allrounder Faheem Ashraf and a fiery 49* runs knock of Shoaib Malik. The visiting side had earlier beaten Scotland by 48 runs in the series opener in Edinburgh on Tuesday. Scotland were dismissed on 82 runs in the chase of 167 runs target. Fast bowler Usman Khan Shinwari took two wickets, Muhammad Nawaz and Shadab Khan took one wicket each. Malik scored 49 off 22 balls, including one boundary and five sixes.

SCOTLAND LOSE BY 84 RUNS AFTER DISMAL 82 ALL-OUT Scottish bowler Michael Leask took three wickets, Chris Sole took two and Mark Watt bagged one. Earlier, Pakistan won the toss and opted to bat against Scotland. Having taken out the world´s top one-day international side with a historic win over England on Sunday, the Scots were looking to complete a stunning double by toppling a Pakistan team rated as the top Twenty20 nation. But Grant Bradburn´s side were unable to emulate their epic success thanks to a solid Pakistan display. Sarfraz's career-best 89 helps Pak-

NEWS

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PTI urges ECP to take notice of 'leakage of sensitive information' from NADRA Islamabad: Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) on Wednesday wrote a letter to chief election commissioner urging the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) to take notice of alleged leakage of sensitive information from the National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA). The letter, drafted by PTI Spokesman Fawad Chaudhry, also requested for the suspension of NADRA chairman. The letter stated that the interim government should take steps to change the federal and provincial secretaries. Fawad Chaudhry wrote in the letter that the current arrangements are unacceptable for the supremacy of democracy, adding that ECP should review the machinery being used for the elections. “The decision to transfer and post chief secretaries and IGs is commendable. However, merely transfer and postings are not enough for transparent elections,” the letter further stated. Staff report

SC forms committee to probe faulty construction of new Islamabad airport laHORE: The Supreme Court on Wednesday formed a committee to probe the faulty construction of new Islamabad international airport and sought a report within two weeks. The bench headed by Chief Justice Mian Saqib Nisar passed the orders while hearing a suo motu notice over defects in the construction of newly-built Islamabad International airport. During the proceedings, the chief justice questioned the faulty construction of the airport and asked who built it. To this, the bench was apprised that Civil Aviation got it constructed. At this, the chief justice observed that he had heard that Chaudhry Muneer was handed over the construction. “If that is not the case, then why his name is being repeatedly coming?” he remarked. app

UAE awards royal pardon to 442 Pakistani prisoners

istan beat Scotland in first T20I The hosts´ run chase went flat as Scotland finished on 156 for six in response to Pakistan´s 204 for four at the Grange. Captain Sarfraz Ahmed led the way as he racked up an impressive unbeaten 89 from just 49 balls, with Shoaib Malik hitting 53 from 27 deliveries. Both sides had made one change each. Mohammad Amir, who went for 45 in four overs and had fitness doubts hanging over him, was dropped out and was replaced by Usman Khan. Scotland omitted debutant Hamza Tahir, who conceded 57 in his spell, replacing him with Chris Sole. Pakistan had beaten Scotland by 48 runs in the first game.

At least 442 Pakistani prisoners were granted royal pardon by the government of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) on Wednesday, Khaleej Times reported. According to details, they were among the 2,000 inmates pardoned by the government in the holy month of Ramzan. The Pakistan Consulate in Dubai helped 350 prisoners by providing them flight tickets, as well as, financial and legal aid. It also facilitated the Pakistan Association Dubai in contributing 75 air tickets to the pardoned prisoners, and also appreciated the efforts of the community in playing an instrumental role in this cause. The consulate also lauded the UAE government and jail authorities for pardoning the prisoners for celebrating Eid with their loved ones in Pakistan. On April 19, a Pakistani national was charged with promoting drugs on the famous messaging app on Thursday in the UAE. NewS DeSk

Nawaz, Maryam likely to leave for London today INTERIOR MINISTRY SENDS ISSUE OF PLACING SHARIFS ON ECL TO CABINET COMMITTEE LaHore Staff report

Former prime minister Nawaz Sharif and his daughter, Maryam Nawaz, are expected to fly to London on Thursday after they were allowed by the court to visit ailing Kulsoom Nawaz. “I have a flight at 9:00 am and will not be able to appear before you,” Maryam told returning officers on Wednesday while appearing for scrutiny of her nomination papers for NA-127 (Lahore). To this, the returning officers told the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) leader that her counsel should appear tomorrow [Thursday] in place of her. Earlier, on June 10, the top judge had allowed exprime minister Nawaz Sharif and his daughter Maryam Nawaz to meet Begum Kulsoom Nawaz,

Decision on Maryam Nawaz's nomination papers reserved LAHORE: Decision on Maryam Nawaz’s nomination papers for NA-35 was reserved on Wednesday by the returning officer due to a challenge raised by Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf’s (PTI) Yasmin Rashid. The decision was reserved after Maryam attended the scrutiny process and hearing appeal filed by Yasmin when Pervez Malik, Maryam’s counsel explained that all relevant facts have been revealed in the nomination papers. Yasmin Rashid had submitted a number of arguments against Maryam, explaining that PTI had raised 21 objections against her candidacy. Staff report

who is undergoing a treatment for cancer in London. Nawaz Sharif and Maryam Nawaz will celebrate Eid in London as well.

CabINET TO dECIdE WHETHER sHaRIFs WIll bE PlaCEd ON ECl: On the other hand, the cabinet’s sub-committee will decide the issue of placing the names of the Sharif family on Exit Control List after the interior ministry transferred the matter to the cabinet. The committee will prepare its recommendation for placing the names of Nawaz Sharif, Maryam Nawaz and Muhammad Safdar’s names on ECL. The interior ministry has already sent the issue to cabinet committee. The meeting is the result of National Accountability Bureau (NAB) second-time request to interior minister to put the names of Sharif family on ECL as its first request was turned down by the interior ministry during the tenure of the PML-N government. The ministry has sent the names to the committee that will decide the matter, the interior minister was quoted as saying. He further said the session will be summoned after Eid if ministers were available. NAB on Monday requested the Ministry of interior to place Nawaz, daughter Maryam Nawaz and son-inlaw Capt (r) Safdar’s names on the ECL. This was NAB’s second letter on the matter. It also requested the interior ministry to place Hasan and Hussain Nawaz on the ECL.


04 LAHORE Prof Hassan Shah given additional charge of University of Narowal VC LAHORE STAFF REPORT

Prof Dr Hassan Amir Shah, the vice chancellor of Government College University Lahore, has been given the additional post of University of Narowal vice chancellor. A notification in this regard was issued on Wednesday by the Punjab Higher Education Department (HED) after the approval of chancellor/Punjab governor Malik Muhammad Rafique Rajwana. According to the notification, Prof Hassan Shah will hold the additional charge of the post till the appointment of a regular vice chancellor at University of Narowal.

Thursday, 14 June, 2018

WEATHER UPDATES THURSDAY

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Caretaker set up working impartially, within legal framework: hasan askari InterIM CM CongrAtulAtes PAkIstAn CrICket teAM over t20 wIn LAHORE

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STAFF REPORT

UNJAB caretaker Chief Minister Dr Hasan Askari Rizvi on Wednesday said the caretaker government, with its performance, would restore the confidence of all political parties as it was working in an impartial manner and within the legal framework. According to a statement issued here, the chief

minister said that equal opportunities would be arranged for all political parties and everyone would be facilitated. “We will ensure holding free and fair elections in line with the constitutional obligations and are sincerely striving to fulfill this national obligation,” he said and added that by the grace of Allah, they would come up to the expectations of the nation. Askari said the provincial administration had been issued clear-cut instructions to fulfill the constitutional and legal responsibilities for a peaceful holding of general elections and made it clear that the caretaker government was following its mandate with complete commitment and all those constitutional steps would be followed that were the basis of peaceful and fair elections. “Pakistan is at an important juncture of its democratic

history and the caretaker government will ensure complete implementation of instructions issued by the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP),” said Askari, adding that democracy was to be strengthened through elections and the caretaker government had to provide necessary cooperation to make the election process a success. Separately, the caretaker chief minister congratulated Pakistan cricket team over its T20 win against Scotland. In a message issued here, Askari said the team had exhibited wonderful performance and victory was the result of hard work of players who had displayed sheer determination and defeated the opponent team. He also expressed the hope that the national cricket team would continue the pace of success in future as well.

Dr Asif Bashir retains title of neurosurgery professor after PMDC’s notification LAHORE STAFF REPORT

The Pakistan Medical and Dental Council (PMDC) has upheld the title of professor for leading neurosurgeon Dr Asif Bashir while declaring him as a Professor of Neurosurgery as he fulfilled the pre-requisite experience to attain the said status. As per the details, PMDC has recognised Dr Asif’s nine-years teaching experience in the United States as an assistant professor, associate professor and professor in the field of neurosurgery as he has served at various key posts in the US before coming back to Pakistan to serve the public sector. The council has considered five of his numerous research publications in PMDC approved journals with full credit while declaring him eligible for the post of professor of neurosurgery. The latest notification of PMDC that is being headed by a retired Supreme Court judge these days has superseded all previous notifications of the council on the subject. It is worth mentioning here that Dr Asif is currently serving as a neurosurgeon at Lahore General Hospital (LGH)/ Punjab Institute of Neurosciences (PINS) where his services were lauded by former Punjab chief minister Shehbaz Sharif during the inauguration of PINS few weeks ago. He has worked as a director as well as professor of neurosurgery and neuroscience at Seton Hall University-Hackensack’s Meridian School of Medicine, New Jersey. Despite the fact that

Dr Asif was serving at a prestigious position in US, he went through the selection process of Punjab Public Service Commission for the said post in order to serve the public sector after coming back to Pakistan last year. Besides being a diplomat at American Board of Neurological Surgery, Dr Asif also has an active licensure for New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio. Among his postgraduate training/fellowships include Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery at the world renowned Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA, Complex Spinal surgery: Neuro/Ortho Spine: Syracuse, NY, Chief Resident Neurosurgery: SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY & Pediatric neurosurgery resident at Harvard Medical School, Children Hospital Boston, US. He is also considered an authority on minimally invasive keyhole spine surgery, endoscopic neurosurgery as well as Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) and is Gamma Knife certified USA. Son of an acclaimed Pakistani neurosurgeon, late Prof Bashir Ahmad, Dr Asif is considered as one of the most qualified spine and neurosurgeons in the country who has successfully performed numerous procedures at LGH/PINS free of cost. His father, late Prof Bashir Ahmad, was a pioneer of neurosurgery in Pakistan who founded the neurosurgery department at LGH some 55 years ago. Dr Qasim Bashir, brother of Dr Asif Bashir is also one of the leading neurologists of the country who is serving as the president of Pakistan Stroke Society.


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Thursday, 14 June, 2018

makaan: Building houses into homes LAHORE

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MURAD ALI KHAN

HILE living in Istanbul I always looked forward to coming back to Pakistan, as home to me meant doting grandparents and a comfortable house, managed by a sizeable helping staff that ensured I didn’t have to lift a finger. Quite soon, however, this utopian impression of the Pakistani society which I had was proven to be false when I moved back to Lahore a little over three years ago. The reality was cold and harsh, as I came to the realisation that I was a part of the over-privileged minority of Pakistan, a bubble in which all of us socialised and worked together to remain in a position of elevation over the struggling masses. This drastic social disparity has seemingly grown with time owing to the complete lack of socially conscious policies and endeavours by successive governments. I have constantly struggled with my conscious as I enjoy the comforts of social strata that I have done nothing to achieve whilst doing nothing for those less fortunate than me, despite knowing that a huge gap exists between social classes in the country – a gap that results in certain people being able to enjoy an air-conditioned room in 45 degrees Celsius weather. On the other end of the spectrum are families, often in excess of five, that can only afford a single room living through the harsh Pakistani summer without even a fan to give them respite. How can we, as a nation allow

our fellow citizens to go through life in this manner while we enjoy the lives we have by sheer good fortune? I happened to visit Kamaha village in Lahore a short while ago, where I saw families of eight (twice the size of mine) live in single rooms with no doors, in a crime-stricken dangerous area. Even safety concerns were too big a luxury for them. They had no toilets, sanitation facilities or proper water supplies and were susceptible to all sorts of waterborne diseases which they would not be able to afford a cure for either. Some even lived in houses without roofs, dangerously exposed to the sun and the risk of sunstroke and dehydration. As I witnessed their living conditions I knew there had to be something that I could do to help, even in the most minute and basic way. It was then that I came up with the Makaan initiative, with the help of my mother who happens to be an architect. Makaan is a project through which I aim to collect funds in order to make small but impactful changes to the underprivileged houses in Kamaha village. These changes aim to include, but not limited to, adding doors, plastering the walls and adding proper yet basic bathrooms. These changes might be considered inexpensive and simple for people from a more privileged social class like me; however, it could mean the world for the residents of Kamaha village. These changes will provide their families with a safer and relatively disease-free environment with a nominal level of privacy and security, one that with their minimum wage, they can’t afford.

rana sana against ‘disqualification of politicians’ LAHORE: Former Punjab law minister and Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) stalwart spoke to the media and said that he did not support the ouster of politicians and their disqualification had negative ramifications. The former law minister gave this statement after the Supreme Court (SC) dismissed a plea against Awami Muslim League (AML) Chief Sheikh Rasheed. The plea had been filed by PML-N’s Shakeel Awan who had lost the 2013 general election to Rasheed. STAFF REPORT


06 FOREIGN NEWS

Thursday, June 14, 2018

ArAb stAtes lAunch biggest AssAult of Yemen wAr with AttAck on mAin port aDEn

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Agencies

Saudi-led alliance of Arab states launched an attack on Yemen's main port city on Wednesday, the largest battle of the war, aiming to bring the ruling Houthi movement to its knees at the risk of worsening the world's biggest humanitarian crisis. Arab warplanes and warships pounded Houthi fortifications to support ground operations by foreign and Yemeni troops massed south of the port of Hodeidah in operation "Golden Victory". Ground battles raged near Hodeidah airport and al-Durayhmi, a rural area 10 km (6 miles) south of the city, media controlled by the Arab states and their Yemeni allies reported. The assault marks the first time the Arab states have tried to capture such a heavily-defended major city since joining the war three years ago against the Iranaligned Houthis, who control the capital Sanaa and most of the populated areas. The port is the main route for food to reach most Yemenis, 8.4 million of whom are already on the verge of famine. The Houthis deployed military vehicles and troops in the city center and near the port, as warplanes struck the coast to the south, a resident speaking on condition of anonymity told Reuters. People

fled by routes to the north and west. CARE International, one of the few aid agencies still there, said 30 air strikes hit the city within half an hour. "Some civilians are entrapped, others forced from their homes. We thought it could not get any worse, but unfortunately we were wrong," said CARE's acting country director, Jolien Veldwijk. Saudi-owned Al Arabiya TV quoted witnesses describing "concentrated and intense" bombing near the port itself. "Under international humanitarian law, parties to the conflict have to do everything possible to protect civilians and ensure they have access to the assistance they need to survive," said Lise Grande, UN humanitarian coordinator for Yemen. The UN special envoy to Yemen, Martin Griffiths, said the world body was talking to both sides to try to avert a battle. "We call on them to exercise restraint & engage with political efforts to spare Hodeida a military confrontation," he tweeted. UN refugee chief Filippo Grandi said there was a danger Yemenis might flee across the sea to Somalia or Djibouti. Port workers told Reuters five ships were docked at Hodeidah port unloading goods, but no new entry permits would be issued on Wednesday. The Arab states say they will try to keep the port running and can ease the crisis once they seize it by lifting im-

UN ENvoy URGES RESTRAINT UNITED NATIONS: The UN envoy for Yemen said Wednesday he is continuing to hold negotiations on keeping a key port in Yemen open to aid deliveries after government forces launched an offensive on Hodeida. "We are in constant contact with all the parties involved to negotiate arrangements for Hodeida that would address political, humanitarian, security concerns of all concerned parties," said Martin Griffiths in a statement. Yemeni forces backed by a Saudiled coalition launched the assault despite UN warnings of a "catastrophic humanitarian impact." The Red Sea port serves as the entry point for 70 percent of Yemen's imports as the country teeters on the brink of famine. Griffiths was in Amman following an intense round of shuttle diplomacy this week with Yemen's Huthi rebels, who control the port, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, whose forces are backing the Hodeida offensive. "We continue to use every opportunity to avoid military confrontation in Hodeida," said Griffiths. He called on all sides to "exercise restraint and to give peace a chance." Griffiths is also leading UN diplomatic efforts to resume political talks on ending the three-year conflict that has brought Yemen to its knees. The attack on Hodeida, however, could derail that effort. Agencies

port restrictions they have imposed. Western countries have quietly backed the Arab states diplomatically, while mostly avoiding direct public involvement in the conflict. A major battle could test that support, especially if many civilians are killed or supplies disrupted. The United States, Britain and France all sell billions of dollars of weapons a year to the Arab countries. Aid agencies urged President Emmanuel Macron to cancel a planned Paris conference on Yemen co-chaired with Saudi Arabia.

Iran to start uranium enrichment if deal ends BEiRUt Agencies

Iran will begin uranium enrichment at its Fordow plant and will install new nuclear equipment at its Natanz facility if it withdraws from a nuclear deal with major powers, said the spokesman for the Atomic Energy Organisation of Iran (AEOI). The fate of the 2015 nuclear deal is unclear after the United States withdrew from it. The other signatory nations - Russia, China, Germany, Britain and France - are trying to salvage the accord, which imposed curbs on Iran's nuclear program in return for a lifting of some economic sanctions.

Iran has two vast enrichment sites, at Natanz and Fordow. Much of Natanz is deep underground and Fordow is buried inside a mountain, which is widely believed to protect them from aerial bombardment. AEOI spokesman Behrouz Kamalvandi said in an interview published on Wednesday that new work would begin on the nuclear program on the orders of Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. He did not specify what kind of new equipment might be installed at Natanz. "Currently the Supreme Leader has ordered that the programs be carried out within the parameters of the nuclear deal," Kamalvandi told the Young Journalists'

The operation began after a three-day deadline set by the United Arab Emirates for the Houthis to quit the port. "The liberation of the port is the start of the fall of the Houthi militia and will secure marine shipping in the Bab alMandab strait and cut off the hands of Iran, which has long drowned Yemen in weapons that shed precious Yemeni blood," Yemen's Arab-backed government-in-exile said in a statement. A Yemeni anti-Houthi military official said the alliance had brought to bear

Club (YJC) in an interview. "And when he gives the order we will announce the programs for operating outside of the nuclear deal for reviving Fordow," he added. Ali Akbar Salehi, the head of the AEOI, announced last week that Iran had begun work on a facility to construct advanced centrifuges at Natanz. The announcement appeared at least in part to be an effort to pressure the remaining signatories to preserve the 2015 deal. Kamalvandi accused the United States and other Western countries of applying double standards by opposing Iran's nuclear program, which he said was purely peaceful, while accepting the nuclear arms program of Tehran's foe Israel. "The West doesn’t criticize the Zionist regime and have even helped them," the YJC quoted Kamalvandi as saying. "Without the help of the West and America this regime could never have obtained nuclear weapons." Israel is widely believed to be the Middle East's only nuclear power. Israel has never confirmed or denied that it has a nuclear arsenal.

a 21,000-strong force. It includes Emirati and Sudanese troops as well as Yemenis, drawn from southern separatists, local Red Sea coast fighters and a battalion led by a nephew of late ex-president Ali Abdullah Saleh. Houthi leader Mohammed Ali AlHouthi, who has threatened attacks on tankers, warned the alliance not to attack and said on Twitter his forces had struck a coalition barge. There was no immediate confirmation from the coalition. The Sunni Muslim Arab states see the Houthi rise as expansionism by their Shi'ite foe Iran. They aim to restore President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi, driven into exile in 2014. The Houthis, from a Shi'ite minority that ruled a thousand-year kingdom in Yemen until 1962, say they took power through a popular revolt and are now defending Yemen from invasion. Yemen has been in crisis since 2011 mass protests that ended Saleh's 33-year rule. Hadi came to power in a Saudi-brokered transition, but the Houthis drove him out. For a time Saleh joined forces with the Houthis, but they turned on each other last year and Saleh was killed. Parts of Yemen are also held by al Qaeda and Islamic State militants. Yemen lies beside the southern mouth of the Red Sea, one of the world's most important trade routes, which oil tankers use to reach Europe from the Middle East through the Suez Canal.

New German FM wants 'Europe united' to counter 'America 1st' BERLin Agencies

North Korea nuclear threat is over, Trump declares via Twitter Washington Agencies

President Donald Trump declared on Twitter on Wednesday that there was “no longer a nuclear treat from North Korea”, a bold and questionable claim following his summit with leader Kim Jong Un that produced few guarantees on how and when Pyongyang would disarm. “Just landed — a long trip, but everybody can now feel much safer than the day I took office,” he tweeted. “There is no longer a nuclear threat from North Korea. Meeting with Kim Jong Un was an interesting and very positive experience. North Korea has great potential for the future!” Trump and Kim were returning to their respective strongholds following the talks — but to far different receptions. In Pyongyang, North Korean state media heralded claims of a victorious meeting with the US president; photos of him standing side-by-side with Trump on the world stage were splashed across newspapers. Trump, meanwhile, faced questions about whether he

gave away too much in return for far too little when he bestowed a new legitimacy on Kim’s rule and agreed, at Pyongyang’s request, to end war games with Seoul that the

allies had long portrayed as crucial to Asian safety. There were worries, especially in Tokyo and Seoul, which have huge US military presences, about

Trump agreeing to halt US military exercises with South Korea, which the North has long claimed were invasion preparations. That concession to Kim appeared to catch the Pentagon and officials in Seoul off guard, and some South Koreans were alarmed. “The United States is our ally, so the joint military drills are still necessary to maintain our relationship with the US,” said Lee Jae Sung, from Incheon. “I think they will be continued for a while.” US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo arrived at Osan Air Base south of Seoul from Singapore early Wednesday evening. He met for nearly an hour with Gen. Vincent Brooks, commander of US Forces Korea, at the air base before heading by motorcade to Seoul. Pompeo will meet President Moon Jae-in on Thursday morning to discuss the summit. Japanese Foreign Minister Taro Kono is also heading to Seoul and is due to meet with Pompeo and his South Korean counterpart. Pompeo, the former CIA director, then plans to fly to Beijing to update the Chinese government on the talks.

Germany's new foreign minister says that Europe's response to US President Donald Trump's "America First" strategy should be "Europe United." In his first major policy speech since taking office, Heiko Maas said the European Union should strive for a "balanced partnership" with the United States. Maas say this means working with Washington where possible, filling voids in areas where the US is withdrawing and pushing back where America is seen as crossing red lines. Speaking Wednesday in Berlin, Mass said the EU should also increasingly move toward majority and away from unanimous decision-making, which encourages foreign powers to try to split the bloc. Maas also called for the EU to strengthen its outreach to former Soviet republics, and said Germany and France can be the driving force in reforming Europe.

UN Syria envoy to host Russian, Iranian, Turkish officials gEnEVa Agencies The UN envoy for Syria says he will host senior officials from Iran, Russia and Turkey in Geneva next week to discuss efforts to create a constitutional committee that could help one day bring peace to the wardevastated country. Staffan de Mistura has recently focused his attention on the diplomatic track with the three powers to try to craft a way out of Syria's sevenyear war. The approach marks a departure from his months of repeatedly hosting delegations from the government and opposition groups for talks in Geneva that largely failed. De Mistura's office said Wednesday that the "consultations" among the unspecified officials are to take place in Geneva on Monday and Tuesday. It said he will provide further details at a meeting with reporters on Thursday.


Thursday, 14 June, 2018

aL-MonItor Bruce rieDel

Saudi King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud is bailing out his fellow monarch, Jordan’s King Abdullah, from a crisis the Saudis helped create. Whatever the Saudis' timing or motives, they are doing the right thing as Jordan’s stability is crucial to the region. Salman convened a summit in Mecca on June 10 with Kuwait’s Emir Sheikh Sabah AlAhmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah and Vice President of the United Arab Emirates Mohammed bin Rashid Al-Maktoum to address Jordan’s financial crisis and the demonstrations it has produced. The crisis has already toppled the Jordanian prime minister. At the summit a $2.5 billion five-year aid program was agreed on, but many of the details are not available yet. This is roughly half the aid Jordan has been receiving from the Gulf states. Following the Arab Spring, the Saudi king led the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) to agree to provide $5 billion in grant aid to Jordan over five years beginning in 2012, of which the Saudis contributed $2 billion. The package ended in 2017. Roughly 1 million Jordanian citizens living in GCC member states send home over $2 billion annually. Jordan faces huge economic challenges, with many refugees from Palestine, Iraq and Syria in the country. With few natural re-

Saudi arabia bailS out Jordan SAUDI ARABIA INITIATED A SUMMIT WHERE A $2.5 BILLION FIVEYEAR AID PROGRAM WAS AGREED ON TO HELP THE HASHEMITE KINGDOM REGAIN A POSITION OF STABILITY IN THE REGION sources Jordan has long been dependent on outside benefactors including the United States and the European Union. The halt in the aid package last year played a critical role in creating the conditions for the current protests in Jordan; uncertainty about Saudi and Gulf aid has not been helpful to create confidence in Jordan’s finances. The Saudis have been increasingly unhappy with Jordan’s policies on several crucial issues. First, Jordan has not joined the Saudi blockade of Qatar, although it withdrew its ambassador in Doha last year. Qatar is the third-largest investor in Jordan and trade has grown since last summer. While Jordan withdrew its ambassador from Tehran when Iranian protesters attacked Saudi diplomats in 2015, it has not severed relations as the Saudis did. And it has drawn down its support for the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen. The Saudis have also been unhappy with Jordan's strong opposition to the US Embassy move to Jerusalem. But that irritation has faded as the Saudis have moved to reassert traditional Saudi positions in the Israeli-Palestine conflict. Salman has taken the lead on reaffirming the Saudi position during the self-proclaimed Jerusalem

Arab League Summit in Dhahran on April 15. Saudi efforts to intimidate Jordan have backfired. Last December, the Saudis briefly detained wealthy Jordanian businessman Sabih al-Masri when he visited the kingdom. Jordanians and Palestinians saw the detention as an attempt to humiliate them, and the episode was a public relations setback for the Saudis, especially for Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman who was seen as the perpetrator. But the incident did nothing to strengthen confidence in the Jordanian economy and the Saudi commitment to Jordan. At this time it is not clear if the Saudis extracted any new commitments from Jordan for the new aid agreement. The Jordanians assume that there is some quid pro quo for the Saudi money. The Saudis will have a greater influence on Jordan’s foreign policy thanks to the aid leverage, but Amman has a long track record of independence. The Saudis are also in a weaker position to exert influence with relatively lower oil prices than in 2012 and their expensive war in Yemen. The Yemeni war, Prince Mohammed's signature foreign policy item, is a

tremendous drain on Saudi resources. The year-old quarrel with Qatar has all but destroyed the GCC, previously a force multiplier for Saudi policies. Jordan has a long history of political unrest, often turning into demonstrations. Just two years after ascending to the throne at age 18, King Hussein was almost toppled in 1955 by the so-called Baghdad Pact riots. The British-led Arab Legion saved the monarchy from crowds chanting for Egypt’s President Gamal Abed Nasser. Ironically, the Saudis were also financing the riots because of their historic rivalry with the Hashemites and aversion to British imperialism. Ever since 1955, Jordan has been at the center of regional politics. By virtue of its geography and demographics the small kingdom is crucial to keeping alive the Arab world’s slender grasp on any hope of stability. Surrounded by civil wars, occupation and terror, keeping Jordan afloat is a vital interest of the Saudis and the Americans. Bruce Riedel is the director of the Intelligence Project at the Brookings Institution. His latest book is "Kings and Presidents: Saudi Arabia and the United States Since FDR."

Can GCC survive the Qatar crisis? AMBASSADOR ANNE PATTERSON, FORMER ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF NEAR EASTERN AND NORTH AFRICAN AFFAIRS ARGUED THAT THE GCC ‘IS PRETTY MUCH FINISHED’

LobELog Derek Davison

Last week marked the one-year anniversary of the diplomatic crisis surrounding Qatar and the rest of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). It was on June 5, 2017, that four nations—Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, and Egypt—cut off diplomatic relations with Qatar and declared an air, sea, and land blockade against the Gulf state. The internationally recognized government of Yemen as well as the Maldives also joined in the blockade, and since then Comoros and Mauritania have joined as well, while a small number of other nations have downgraded their diplomatic ties with Qatar without severing them entirely. The effect of the blockade has been mixed, at best. Though Donald Trump was initially an enthusiastic supporter, the US has largely soured on the blockade, which involves close allies on both sides and works against Washington’s aims in the Gulf. Trump’s most recent remarks about Qatar have been effusive in their praise. Meanwhile, the Qataris have adjusted. They’ve developed new domestic capabilities to replace lost imports from the blockading nations. They’ve forged a close alliance with Turkey that both protects the emirate from any potential Saudi

military aggression and gives Turkey new diplomatic access into the Gulf. They’ve even, ironically, strengthened their ties with Iran, which has become a major source of food for Qatar and whose airspace has become vital to Qatar Airways’ continued operations. Qataris met the oneyear anniversary of the blockade with defiance, officially banning imports from Saudi Arabia and the UAE, and with popular support for Sheikh Tamim seemingly stronger than ever. Although Qatar seems, so far at least, to have weathered the blockade relatively unscathed, the same cannot be said for the GCC. The 37-year-old bloc has been effectively torn in half by the blockade, with the Saudis, Emiratis, and Bahrain all participating while Kuwait and Oman have urged reconciliation (and are possibly wondering if they’ll be targeted next). Its December 2017 summit, held in Kuwait, encapsulated the new Gulf reality, with Qatar’s Sheikh Tamim being the only head of state to attend apart from Kuwait’s own Sheikh Sabah Ahmad al-Sabah. What was to be a two-day affair was cut short after a single uncomfortable session, with Sheikh Sabah arguing that the council needed to change its structure “to better face challenges.” The GCC’s 2017 meeting was overshadowed by a pre-summit announcement that Saudi Arabia and the UAE were planning to form a new bilateral committee—one that threatens to overshadow the broken GCC if the Qatar impasse cannot be resolved. That body, the SaudiEmirati Coordination Committee,

held its first meeting in Jeddah on June 6, conveniently timed to coincide with the anniversary of the Qatar crisis. It builds upon the close personal bond between Saudi Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman and Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed, a relationship that is, for better or worse, coming to dominate the Middle East. Panelists at the Gulf International Forum’s June 7 panel discussion, “The US and the Gulf Dispute,” in Washington were not optimistic about the GCC. Ambassador Anne Patterson, former assistant secretary of Near Eastern and North African Affairs in the Obama administration, argued that the GCC “is pretty much finished”: There may be some face-saving agreements to paper over the differences, but it will never be the same. This is very unfortunate, because successive American administrations have looked to the GCC as an island of stability in the Middle East. And while the GCC hasn’t ever reached its potential for mutual self-defense, its importance for regional security was certainly not zero and its largely unheralded economic successes are not insignificant. The breakup of the GCC certainly undermines US security interests in the Gulf, but the United States is an $18 trillion economy with a worldwide military presence. More importantly, I think, the collapse of the GCC puts GCC countries at greater risk, certainly from Iran, but also from other outside players who are once again playing a role in the region. Baker Institute fellow and LobeLog contributor Kristian

Coates Ulrichsen concurred, arguing that the new Saudi-Emirati council sounded the GCC’s death knell: I think what we saw happen, when the crown prince of Abu Dhabi, Mohammed bin Zayed, went to Saudi Arabia, met with Mohammad bin Salman, his counterpart the crown prince of Saudi Arabia, and they declared bilaterally the new Saudi-Emirati Coordination Council—not only do we have to get used to a new acronym, SECC, but I think that probably signifies the end of any lingering hopes that, as Ambassador Patterson said, the GCC could be anything other than an entity that’s more or less finished. However, David Des Roches of the Near East South Asia Center for Strategic Studies sounded slightly less convinced that the GCC is really dead, at least insofar as its bureaucratic apparatus is concerned: I don’t think the GCC is dead. I’ve spent much of my career as a bureaucrat and I can tell you that bureaucratic organizations never really entirely go away. They tend to go into hibernation, and they can reemerge. I drove past the GCC headquarters building—there was no “for sale” sign, it is not being turned into an ice rink. And it can be just as effective after a political decision is made as it was before. A low bar, I grant you, but the potential is there. But in terms of effectiveness, the GCC seems to have been thoroughly crippled by the Qatar blockade, which, as Ulrichsen suggested, has highlighted a level of dysfunction that runs much deeper than this single issue. Despite their purpose of fostering Gulf cooperation, the GCC’s internal mechanisms allowed serious tensions between its members to fester and have been unable to do much to solve the ensuing crisis.

WORLD VIEW 07

Does the Archbishop have no right to interfere in India’s domestic politics? THE VERY ESSENCE OF AN OPEN, DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY IS THAT DIFFERENT GROUPS ARE ALLOWED TO AGITATE THEIR CONCERNS AND DEMANDS BEFORE THE RELEVANT AUTHORITIES

IndIan ExprEss Michael Pinto

It is a bit difficult to understand how Rakesh Sinha’s piece “Misreading Archbishop’s letter” got its title. Very little in the article covered what the Archbishop wrote and what exactly was wrong with the editorial that analysed it. Instead, it covered the whole gamut of what the author considers to be the shortcomings of Christian missionaries and how India still continues to suffer international conspiracies hatched by them. It is important, therefore, to look at what the Archbishop said, to whom it was addressed and whether it was appropriate for the Archbishop to say what he did. At the centre of the letter was the plea to his flock to fast and pray for the country, which, in the Archbishop’s view, was facing a turbulent political atmosphere. Sinha is quite at liberty to insist that there is no such atmosphere in the country and that the Archbishop is quite mistaken in his belief. It is another matter that a fairly large section of India’s population (including many Hindus) would not agree with this view. But that is not the point. If Sinha is entitled to his view that no such atmosphere exists why is the Archbishop not entitled to hold a contrary view and place that view before his followers? As the spiritual head of his diocese, he is duty bound to guide his people on what he considers to be the right approach. Why should he be prevented from saying what he feels? Elections in our country have thrown up numerous instances in which spiritual leaders have openly advised their followers to support one or other party. Examples of this have been so widely splashed all over the media that there is really no reason to repeat them. It must be noted that nowhere in the letter has the Archbishop advised his flock to vote for a particular party or to vote against another party. His plea is to pray that each citizen follows conscience and chooses wisely at election time. The article is silent on this aspect. Instead, we are told that the Archbishop has no right to interfere in India’s domestic politics because he is directly appointed by the Pope, the head of the Vatican state. This is truly strange logic. The Archbishop is undoubtedly appointed by the Pope but in most organised religions it is the spiritual head of the religion who appoints its local leaders. This is true not only of religions but also of other secular institutions like commercial houses. An Indian who heads Proctor and Gamble, for instance, would be appointed by his bosses in the USA. Does this extinguish his right to comment on politics within the country? The Archbishop’s right to comment on matters Indian comes, not from the nationality of his appointing authority, but from his Indian citizenship and the rights he is guaranteed under the Constitution by that citizenship.

The article quotes three cases in which Indian Christians lobbied successfully with the authorities to get their point of view accepted and the author seems to feel that this is entirely unacceptable. Two of these cases refer to events that happened in the ‘50s and the ‘60s and the third in the ‘70s. But the antiquity of these cases is not as remarkable as the underlying logic of the argument which seems to be that by pressing their claims, Christians have somehow violated the canons of good behaviour. The very essence of an open, democratic society is that different groups are allowed to agitate their concerns and demands before the relevant authorities. This is what the democratic ethos is all about. We have only to look at the spate of demands that different categories in our country have agitated successfully or otherwise. Several castes have launched major agitations for inclusion in the backward category, farmers agitate for better returns for their produce, trade unions agitate for a better deal for their members, Cabinet formation in both the Centre and the states invariably tries to balance the competing claims of different groups. So what is wrong if the Christian community puts forward their demands before the relevant authorities? It surely cannot be anybody’s case that other groups can plead their cases but a minority group cannot. The real problem seems to be that we are forgetting our moorings as an open pluralistic society. And that is why our soft power is on the downward swing. I have been fortunate enough to be on several Indian delegations to international bodies like the IMO, the ILO, the OECD or others. Each time our proudest boast was that our delegation included members from at least 2 (sometimes more) of the major religions of the world. Very often each member of the delegation spoke a different language at home, followed different customs at marriage and other social events and had vastly different cuisines in their kitchens. But this plurality of background did not come in the way of our coming together as one country. It was a USP that few other countries could claim. This is something that we have become so used to that we tend to take it for granted. And yet it is at the very centre of our uniqueness. Until immigration changed things somewhat, most European countries were entirely monocultural. Some Scandinavian countries still are. Even in countries where immigrants account for a sizable number, the dominant culture is still dominant, whether in terms of language, culture, accents etc. A wellknown Indian author tells of an Indian Muslim who decided to emigrate to Pakistan. He was back in a short while and, on being asked what he found wrong with that country, replied with a laconic “Too many Muslims”. He missed the multiculturalism of India. That a country with as many languages, cultures, religions and ways of life as we have can still come together as one country is something to be proud of. This is our soft power and we must do nothing to undermine it. Ultimately all this is not about an Archbishop and his pastoral letter. It is about preserving all that is most precious in Indian society. Pinto is former Vice Chairman, National Commission for Minorities.


08 COMMENT

Thursday, 14 June, 2018

Ramzan gaming – a blot on the essence of the month

Living under a quasi-democratic system After a decade of elected governments

Commercialising an ideology is the biggest injustice you can do to its followers

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HE country has seen two elected administrations completing their tenure. A caretaker set up is currently preparing to hold the elections on July 25 in accordance with the ECP’s schedule. Despite all the formal appendages of the system being in place the country remains a quasi-democracy. The two governments that ruled from 2008 onwards were disallowed to proceed beyond the red lines defined arbitrarily by the establishment. Unlike other democracies in the world they had little say in matters related to foreign policy and internal and external security. Whenever a prime minister tried to improve relations with alienated neighbours or exert control over outfits that caused worldwide concern and threatened the democratic system at home he invariably received a snub. With elected governments having no real authority, the system failed to deliver. The establishment however conveniently blamed the civilian rulers even for the problems created by itself. The media, which serves as an important pillar of democracy, remained under siege throughout the 200818 period. It was under constant threat from the extremist networks, considered assets by those who matter, as well as from the ‘good Taliban’. Several media persons who dared to file independent stories were roughed up or shot dead. This was meant to be a warning to others. TV networks were set up to spread false news, scandalise politicians and malign and threaten independent media persons. This was beside warning tweets from persons identifying themselves as security officials. Meanwhile offshoots of banned outfits and extremist networks continued to be mainstreamed and encouraged to fight elections under new names like the Allah-o-Akbar Tehreek and Tehreek-e-Labbaik That a PTI man who was on the ECL was allowed to proceed to Saudi Arabia after a phone call from Imran Khan a perception has been created that the caretaker set up is soft on the PTI and its allies. With political parties engaged as before in no-holdsbarred fights while issuing party tickets to undependable electables, there is little hope of the next elected government being any different from the two previous ones.

The Musharraf affair Long arm of the law?

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ITH the clock ticking on SC’s Thursday 2pm deadline for Gen Musharraf’s appearance, it is still unclear if taking the court’s word at face value – that he will not be arrested – would ensure freedom beyond merely walking out of the airplane and into the honourable court. Surely, he understands, that once the cases proceed, the no-arrest guarantee will, eventually, turn out to be a mouse-trap. And, suffering from Parkinson’s as he is, not to mention the miniscule chance of him ever making an impact on Pakistan’s politics again, perhaps the one-time strongman will consider, in his larger personal interest, to not make a contest out of this one. Yet, despite the court’s accommodating posture – in the larger interest of justice, no doubt – Gen Musharraf remains an absconder. It is up to the government, therefore, to take a decisive position on the matter. As the CJP rightly pointed out, the general was able to leave the country mid-way through his treason trial because of an inherent weakness in the government, not because of some notification from the Supreme Court. Should he continue to defy the judiciary, simply cancelling his nomination papers will not be enough. The trials against him should then be concluded, and verdicts passed, in absentia. Whether or not some people are holier than others, meaning they can defy the long arm of the law when it comes to answering for their excesses, is all the rage ever since the so-called Panama Papers landed former prime minister nawaz Sharif in hot waters in 2016. Yet when the dictator was finally being tried for treason in a landmark trial, it was the civilian government that first raised controversy by trying him for the nov 7 emergency instead of the Oct 12 coup and then, at the risk of repetition, removed his name from the ECL just when the case was getting serious. It seems time has come, one way or another, for the Musharraf trial to proceed finally.

Dedicated to the legacy of the late Hameed Nizami

Arif Nizami Editor Aziz-ud-Din Ahmad

Umar Aziz

Asher John

Joint Editor

Executive Editor

Deputy Editor

Lahore – Ph: 042-36300938, 042-36375965

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aminaH moHsin

HE influence of media on society is as unavoidable as death except that the latter kills instantly while the former tends to poison in a slow and subtle manner. It would be wrong to say that the influence is always deleterious. The reflections cast on people help in transmogrifying cultural norms and societal values; the type of influence – good or bad – is determined by the content being aired or published. Written manuscripts, in the form of books or newspapers, require lettered readers to be properly decoded. Electronic media, however, has only one requirement to disseminate information – eager listeners. Though both essentially demand knowledge of the language being used, reading is somehow considered a hard row to hoe in front of listening. That is the reason why we all speculate and opine on what Malala Yousafzai has written in her book on the basis of what we have heard. That is the reason why Reham Khan’s book has stirred the entire nation’s emotions before even getting on store shelves. Religious intolerance is, perhaps, the biggest threat currently posed to Pakistan. From Talibanisation to mob lynching through suicide bombings, all are merely its offshoots but with varying set of dynamics, each having its own contributing factors

and consequences. Mob lynching, for instance, is not a recent phenomenon, yet certain factors have developed with the passage of time that have indirectly pooled in its increase and in formulating people’s approach towards it. The slogan of decimating the blasphemers involves snatching away the right to adjudicate and penalise from state’s judicial system. A very rare chance exists of all members constituting the mob being ardent and practising followers of the religion. It is clearly one’s inclination to receive applause from one’s circle that we see manifestations of such feigned behaviour. Where does this encouragement to make a show of pretence come from? Call it either a contributor or just another demonstration of the mindset but transformation of religious shows into game shows has proven to be gravely problematic. The whole mess has eliminated individual effort from the picture and shifted the entire focus towards affectation. As reported by BBC, these game shows during Ramzan are the “hottest ticket in town”, their popularity portraying public demand. The environment staged in these shows presents hundreds of people along with several clerics hailing from different sects and a few hosts who at first conduct religious segments, including milad, recitation, sermons and prayers, followed by sehr and iftar meals and, finally, gaudy games – an amalgam of almost everything. A prayer, in its essence, is a way of remembering God in solitude. It is an expression of submission, a gesture that is performed by a believer and accepted by God. It does not need any medium. Then why make it a ritual of Ramzan gaming? not casting any doubts on the intentions of participants, but such displays create problems for those who prefer to do it the right way. Further agglutinating it with cooking and gaming segments

not only scars the sum and substance of religious practices but also harms the actual purpose behind them. Commercialising an ideology is the biggest injustice you can do to its followers. The more highlighted faction (which is obviously the commercialised one) becomes a standard for everyone to follow and any deviant behaviour is deemed inappropriate and, in some cases, blasphemous. To illustrate, if one condemns this all-in-one Ramzan package, it will undoubtedly be confused with berating the religious speeches delivered on the shows by ulemas and self-proclaimed preachers, hence declaring the questioner an irreverent criticiser. A similar debate can be done for services like online istikharah and exorcism. There is a high chance of many readers disagreeing to the notion whereby religious programmes cum cooking shows cum quiz competitions cum game shows are condemned as they mar the spirit of Ramzan. Such transmissions are nothing but an easy way for sponsors to advertise their brands at a much lower rate than regular commercials, hence compelling all entertainment channels to compromise as these shows help them in generating revenue worth millions of dollars. A counter-argument that can be put forth is the occurrence of incidents of mob lynching and other practices of religious intolerance and ostensible behaviour in other countries where such extravagantly tasteless Ramzan transmissions do not exist. The answer is as simple as differences in factors that shape every society. The consequences might be similar but contributors and determinants may differ. Sexual frustration, for instance, results in increasing number of assaults and illegitimate activities but the causes of this frustration differ in every society, social isolation of genders in one while brazen lifestyle in another. Similar is

the case with religious frustration. Seeing other people indulged in activities which are forbidden for one faction is one factor while comparing every deed with self-determined standards is another. Whatever the agent be in other societies, the factor of activities done for the sake of pretension does hold true in Pakistan. Expressing love for an anchor turned scholar turned actor turned politician, answering questions related to Bollywood fraternity, and being made to beg for cars and bikes… what does this crap have anything to do with Ramzan anyway? The Aam khaye ga incident has not yet shifted to our distant memory. Humiliation of humans by making them beg before the presenter and perform ludicrous tasks was taken notice of by the Islamabad High Court this year, but the verdict’s violation can be seen on all Pakistani entertainment channels every morning and evening with ever-increasing TRPs. This race of achieving highest ratings is what has deteriorated the quality of entertainment and content we present before people. The more unique and imprudent the idea, the more popular it is. Before thinking how irrational this article is in linking religious extremism to pretentious Ramzan gaming transmissions, just take a moment to form a link between the number of item songs produced by Bollywood industry and the increasing figure of rape cases being recorded in the country. For those who think the last two are not related at all, this article is, indeed, a waste of time. But for those who can establish the link, stop fooling yourself and becoming fools in front of the whole world, for eating a mango from a self-asserted religious scholar for the sake of winning a car is no bigger an achievement than licking someone’s feet. Aminah Mohsin is a freelance columnist.

Mental illness is not a crime Why should we care when we are indifferent?

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n Pakistan, it is easy to label someone ‘crazy’ or ‘manic’, which is not quite the norm in socially developed countries. There are countless stigmas not only associated with the job of a psychologist but the sufferers and victims of mental illness. Allow me to first debunk a few false myths about psychology; not all psychologists are lunatics and professionally constrained in treating people. Many uncover crimes, help create and reconstruct organisational policies and view things from a multidimensional perspective. not all of us are clinical psychologists either. We work in law enforcement, hospitals, business organisations and some of us have private practices of our own. Perhaps the most important stigma related to mental illness is name-calling of victims. Let’s establish a fact here and now; they are not mentally deranged individuals. They are victims who need our support. Like you and I, they are normal human beings who wish to live normal lives, if we let them. In fact, narrative like this is dishonest and stems from one’s own insecurities. I would not be surprised if Pakistanis are equated with the word bully. Shaming of victims is a curse and those who Karachi – Ph: 021-35381208-9

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brazenly torment others often lead unauthentic lives and let criticism define who they are. Pakistanis should realise the importance of mental health and illness. We all experience anxiety and stress one way or another in our lives. The only difference is that of the problem’s intensity and magnitude. Mental illness is not merely bound to schizophrenia, mood disorders or down syndrome. There is more to it. We come across many people every day who seem normal to us, but in all honesty, they are miserable. They mask their true selves to avoid backlash and social labels. Unfortunately, we aggravate their problems and redundantly blame them for who they are. They have not chosen to live this way. People who go through hell know what it looks like because they have experienced it. OCD, clinical depression, self-harm and suicide ideation are neglected societal problems in Pakistan. We choose not to discuss them because we are voiceless. Only a week ago, a young boy committed suicide by jumping off of the fourth floor at Centaurus, Islamabad. He had attempted suicide twice but made it his mission to end his life this time around. It was his choice, not an imposition. He was undergoing therapy but it did not comfort him as such. His peers often bullied him but no one stopped to think for once what he was going through. Their aggression only worsened his state of mind. As a dysfunctional society, we have failed each other. Why do we need empathy when we are apathetic? Why should we care when we are indifferent? Why should we understand silence when every part of us wants to scream? We are Pakistan, after all. People who mistake mental illness for supernatural phenomenon are living examples of negligence and ignorance. Have we ever set a goal to make a minor difference in the lives of others, not simply satisfying their material needs but understanding their problems? Have we ever stepped into

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the shoes of those who seem depressed to us? We are incapable of doing it because we lack empathy and morality. If we devote five minutes of our day in helping others, it will not only change their perspective but help mould our own. You do not have to know someone personally to support him or her; you just need to be human. Instead of creating hurdles for someone already going through a storm, be a facilitator and an empathetic soul. It is quite astounding that one has to discuss humanity in the year 2018. Having perpetuated stereotypes about suicide and mental illness for so long, it has assumed the lives of thousands in Pakistan alone. A report published in 2016 stated that about 50 million adults in Pakistan suffer from mental illness. This alarming statistic should be the basis of contemplation and action. In view of politics, the government should advocate for mental illness and disorders that are rampant in our society. If there is a problem, one should identify it and instantaneously address it. The government should be holistic in its approach to a better society; they must not only invest in education and economy, but mental healthcare too. Although special education centres exist in Pakistan, there is more to mental illness than down syndrome and autism. If 10-20pc of the population is suffering from an illness that is not socially manifested, such as clinical depression as opposed to OCD, what is the predicted outcome? no action, as we consider them as normal human beings when in truth, they are the victims of mental illness. Therefore, the government should be responsible enough to speak on behalf of those who suffer, not simply implement policies that are exclusive of every societal problem. Haider Rifaat is a Lahore based web talk show host and freelance writer. He can be reached at haiderrifaat95@hotmail.com

Email: editorial@pakistantoday.com.pk


COMMENT 09

Thursday, 14 June, 2018

Editor’s mail

Send your letters to: Letters to Editor, Pakistan Today, 4-Shaarey Fatima Jinnah, Lahore, Pakistan. E-mail: letters@pakistantoday.com.pk Letters should be addressed to Pakistan Today exclusively.

Kabul visit CHIEF of Army Staff (COAS) General Qamar Javed Bajwa has paid one day quite hectic visit to Kabul at the invitation of Afghanistan government which is hopefully going to be quite productive and making positive contributions towards peace and stability in war-torn neighbouring Afghanistan. The COAS, who was accompanied by Foreign Secretary Tehmina Janjua and Director General ISI Lt General naveed Mukhtar, held one to one meeting with Afghan President Ashraf Ghani followed by delegation, also met with Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah and nATO Commander General John nicholson. According to the reports in the newspapers, the Army Chief said that the recently agreed Afghanistan Pakistan Action Plan for Peace is expected to bring more cooperation and coordination the two countries, border fencing is not an obstacle for checking terrorism and not between the people on both sides, having attained relative peace and stability inside Pakistan efforts are now being made with focused attention on socio-economic development as a route towards enduring peace and stability, Pakistan desired the US and nATO forces must succeed and leave behind a peaceful and stable Afghanistan. Both the Afghan President and the Chief Executive thanked Army Chief for his visit and the recent security initiatives undertaken for peace and stability. It is good to note that during the discussions, both sides have agreed that while results of bilateral initiatives are extremely important but surely and certainly more important is continuity of processes for achieving the end state objectives Frequent high level exchange of delegations and discussions on matters of mutual interest between Afghanistan and Pakistan augur well for peace and stability in the region as Pakistan leadership has repeatedly reiterated durable peace in Afghanistan is most desirable for Islamabad, please. Thanks. MUHAMMAD MURTAZA ZEESHAN Lahore

The illusion of peace At the epicentre of all such dialogue has remained Partition’s unfinished agenda

remsHay aHmed

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HE book, The Spy Chronicles: RAW, ISIS, and the Illusion of Peace has garnered a lot of attention by both Pakistanis and Indians alike. The idea of an ex ISI chief candidly conversing with an ex RAW chief is something that has affected the nationalist sentiments of thousands of Pakistanis, all over the world. With the initial fervour and heat surrounding the launch of this book, one begins to wonder how a nationalist perspective of a country has revolved around mutual hate against an ‘enemy state’. The book can be interpreted in a lot of ways, depending to which end the writer is able to make sense of it. Aditya Sinha, the Indian journalist who has authored the free-flowing manuscript offers an insight into the personalities of the two ex-spy chiefs. The two madmen share the same expertise. The book addresses it in Manto’s eloquence: Pointing to the horizon where the sea and sky are joined, he says, ‘It is only an illusion because they can’t really meet, but isn’t it beautiful, the union which isn’t really there.’ The choice of Manto in the introduction sets the tone for the entire book – the illusion of peace between India and Pakistan. For institutional functionality on both sides of the border this illusion, or the mere possibility of peace, has kept successive governments and diplomats engaged with one another. At the epicentre of all such dialogue has remained Partition’s unfinished agenda: the issue of

disputed land of Kashmir. The unsolvable crime, the division awaiting judgement has largely affected the progress of any dialogue between the two independent states. What this book sheds light on is how the two madmen (not accounting for the level of their judgement) could’ve laid the foundations for negotiated peace, given the political leeway. It’s interesting to understand that contrary to popular belief of there being institutional linkages, there’s a clear divide between the political and military lobbies, and further divisions within each lobby. It is because of this divide that multifaceted decisions, exhausting the agencies of political and military lobbies, remain rather elusive – a problem which prevails in both India and Pakistan. The madmen were able to sort this out and find similarities in each state’s institutions, but not gather support or find a solution to this. Each successive government prioritises the issue in a different manner. So is the case with the states’ intelligence agencies – but the fact remains, the Kashmir dispute has never been subsided in this grand list of priorities. Many at the domestic level and international level have said that this is what strengthens the might of and validates the strengthening of both militaries – but the madmen disagree. Aside from Pakistan which has always sided with the Kashmiris, A S Dulat shares in the sentiments of Kashmiris as well, however, this can’t be said for the entire Indian population as a whole. Both Dulat and Asad Durrani have shared in the need to catering to the rights of Kashmiris, but have also highlighted the geopolitical crossroads where the region sits, the cost of freedom for which is an extensive compromise on the political gains – the indigenous movement in Kashmir as inspiring indigenous

In the face of three inconclusive wars fought between the two states and Pakistan’s growing problem with regional terrorism that’s overspilling to India, the regional solution rests with the states’ intelligence organisations cooperation.

movements in regions across India and Pakistan. In the face of three inconclusive wars fought between the two states and Pakistan’s growing problem with regional terrorism that’s over-spilling to India, the regional solution rests with the states’ intelligence organisations cooperation. It might appear to be a foreign concept, the two arch enemies, borne out of colonialism sharing an engineered hatred, as cooperating on intelligentsia, but the madmen make it seem like a possibility. A possibility that might ease hostilities and work for the betterment of the entire region where a number of ideas could then be actualised. The basis of this cooperation, a word which Dulat highlights should never be taken as substituting compromise, in this case a compromise over Kashmir. Perhaps this is because whenever the two are seen to be talking, Kashmir has to be addressed, and it can’t always be. To this point Durrani agrees and draws a linkage of how talks have always been an integral part of understanding the Taliban. The two then create parallels with increasing the stakes for war and dialogue, to increase the efficacy of cooperation. This idea is synonymous to political gametheoretic models and has historically helped diplomats understand the ways in which cooperation between states can be possible. But much like states, each organisation works differently under different people. Post madmen, the cooperation between the arch rivals, Pakistan and India hasn’t emerged as an idea worth materialising. While both countries juggle with multitudes of domestic and international problems, perhaps with the historical baggage kept aside, cooperation for the greater benefit of the region might actually be a better idea. As the political game-theoretic models explore the possibilities of swaying domestic consensus in favour of international gains; a recurring event in the case of Pakistan, cooperation on geo-political grounds (outside the realm of Kashmir) might create an environment where a later dialogue on Kashmir might be more conclusive. This book has engendered various narratives on Indo-Pak relations. These narratives no longer seem too foreign after two ex-spy chiefs from the states’ top intelligence agencies have seen to be collaborating on a joint project. Perhaps from this deewangi, we can end those which are to be unleashed.

This idea is synonymous to political game-theoretic models and has historically helped diplomats understand the ways in which cooperation between states can be possible.

Remshay Ahmed is a political realist by profession and a pessimist by choice. She can be reached at remshayahmed95@gmail.com

No bailout package DESPITE the bitter fact that the country is facing serious financial problems, it is good to note that the caretaker federal government have quite categorically and pointed stated that the present caretaker set up is neither to sign any agreement or seek fresh bailout package from International Monetary Fund (IMF). Caretaker Federal Finance Minister Dr Shamshad Akhtar and Information Minister Syed Ali Zafar stated this while addressing a maiden joint press conference in Islamabad the other. According to the reports in the media, the two key portfolio holding caretaker ministers said that the caretaker federal government ,besides neither signing any agreement nor seeking fresh bailout package from the IMF, will not even hold article 1V consultations with the IMF “ because neither it is our mandate nor the IMF will agree to hold such detailed consultations with the caretakers, we will honour all of our foreign debt obligations for avoiding default, the public debt in percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has gone up which is the cause of worrisome for the economic management. Finance Minister Dr Shamshad Akhtar is reporter to have said that Pakistan’s economy has performed well on account of achieving broad-based real growth that had touched 5.8 per cent of GDP and accordingly directed the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics to finalise these figures after end of this ongoing fiscal year, although average inflation has remained manageable but the core inflation is picking up because of surge in POL prices and fluctuation in exchange rate, the stable exchange rate requires ability to intervene on constant basis and keeping in view the reserve position it is not sustainable. It is quite commendable to mention here that being the caretakers and no stakes, the interim government ministers are conscious of their obligation in accordance of freedom of information and are ready to share true picture and reality with the masses which is appreciable indeed, please. Thanks. M Z RIFAT Lahore

Jurisdiction of Supreme Court THE long overdue merger of former FATA within KPK was welcomed by all patriotic citizens and people who live there. They will now enjoy relief in form of judicial oversight from Supreme Court of Pakistan and provincial High Court. Judicial intervention by Supreme Court and High Courts will lose its relevance if judgments given by judiciary are not implemented in letter and spirit. It is the Constitution of Pakistan which gives these powers to SC and its subordinate judiciary. The same constitution gives powers to President, PM and competent authorities to appoint public office holders in civil and uniformed institutions and authorises payment of salaries to them and exercise powers within framework of laws. Supreme Court of Pakistan has given specific judgments ordering banning of Billboards and advertisements which pose threat to public safety and tend to divert attention of vehicle drivers in addition to causing harm to lives of citizens in event of windstorms etc. Similar judgments exist, which ban construction of commercial or residential buildings beyond certain height because of soil survey reports and their location in flight path of commercial aircrafts within defined sterile zone. Instead of demolishing billboards, walls extending to several meters have emerged for advertisement in violation of SC judgments in cantonment and DHA areas in Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad etc. For a country facing an acute electricity shortfall, these well-lit billboards consume uninterrupted supply of electricity, which is not available in hospitals, schools and universities. Judgment of SC have disqualified two elected PM, their jurisdiction has extended to FATA, but when it comes to implementation in statutory defined areas like Cantonments, DHA and illegal housing societies owned and run by powerful Land Mafia, there is noncompliance. M TARIQ A Lahore


10 NEWS

Thursday, 14 June, 2018

DAR ASSETS REFERENCE

CouRt REsERvEs dECIsIon on nBP PREsIdEnt’s aCquIttaL PEtItIon ISLAMABAD

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Staff RepoRt

N accountability court on Wednesday reserved its decision on a petition lodged by the National Bank of Pakistan (NBP) President Saeed Ahmed, seeking his acquittal in a reference regarding the assets of former finance minister Ishaq Dar. The NBP president is one of the co-accused in the reference filed against Dar for possessing assets beyond his known sources of income and has been charged with opening up bank accounts allegedly used for money laundering by the former finance minister. As the accountability court judge, Justice Muhammad Bashir led the proceedings, Ahmed’s counsel Advocate Hashmat Habib said that his client should not be charged even if the statements of the National Accountability Bureau (NAB) are taken to be correct. NBP president’s counsel added that NAB laws do not apply to the accusations levelled against his client. However, NAB’s special prosecutor Imran Shafiq arguments responded that he still has to present 55 to 56 witnesses to present his case.

Info minister calls for joint committee of federation, provinces on heritage matters ISLAMABAD app

Caretaker Federal Minister for Information, Broadcasting, National History and Literary Heritage Barrister Syed Ali Zafar on Wednesday directed the authorities concerned to form a coordination committee for ensuring joint collaboration among the federation and the provinces on important matters related to national heritage. He said the committee should perform its role in removing hurdles of technical and administrative nature among the federation and the provinces after the passage of the 18th Amendment. The minister passed the directive at a briefing during his visit to the National History and Literary Heritage Division. Barrister Ali Zafar said that joint cooperation and collaboration were needed among the federation and the provinces on matters concerning libraries, museums and historical places, and artifacts related to national heritage. “An effective mechanism of coordination is necessary to resolve issues faced by the federal and provincial institutions, as well as international donors,” he emphasised. While directing the National History and Literary Heritage Division to prepare a working paper on various projects with clear objectives and deadlines, the minister said that Pakistan was the centre of some of the most ancient civilisations in the world.

The NAB prosecutor also said that the court should give time for them to provide evidence. He said that it was not possible for such a huge amount to be transferred into the account of a public office holder. “Accused required a qualified person to bring the amount to Pakistan and needed someone whose account the money could be transferred to without raising suspicion,” Shafiq continued.

He alleged, “Ahmed advised the accused in opening accounts to transfer the money into.” “Now he can’t say that he had no knowledge regarding the accounts that were opened,” the special prosecutor further said. “Ahmed was the deputy governor of State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) when transactions worth hundreds of thousands of dollars were made from Dar’s account but he took no action,” Shafiq further claimed. He also alleged, “Ahmed was given high posts by Dar.” The special NAB prosecutor added that the former finance minister also submitted nomination papers for Senate elections that were held in March despite being declared a proclaimed offender in the case by the same court. “During the time of the Senate elections, another bank account was opened for Dar in NBP. Had this account not opened, Dar would not have been able to take part in Senate elections as the court had ordered to freeze his assets,” Shafiq maintained. Further, during the hearing, the statement of prosecution witness and National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA) General Manager Ghazali Zahid was recorded. The hearing of the case has been adjourned till June 20.

ANP defends award of ticket to leader who shielded some of Mashal murder accused

MML’s request for registration as political party rejected by ECP Decision based on report by interior ministry ISLAMABAD Staff RepoRt

The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) — which had been asked by Islamabad High Court (IHC) to decide anew on the registration of Milli Muslim League (MML) as a political party — has again rejected the group’s application. A fourmember bench of the commission, chaired by its Sindh member Abdul Ghaffar Soomro, on Wednesday decided against allowing the MML to be registered as a political party. In its short order, the bench stated that the decision had been taken in light of observations of the Ministry of Interior which had expressed its reservations because of the party’s alleged links with the banned Jamaatud Dawa’s (JuD) leader Hafiz Saeed. The Ministry of Interior relied upon details provided by the intelligence agencies. During the hearing, counsel representing MML said the federal government could not oppose registration of any political party. “No one can predict if a political party can affiliate with banned outfits in the future,” he said. “MML leader Saifullah Khalid has no link with Saeed.” In a previous hearing, the commission summoned a detailed report from the interior ministry. The enlistment of MML, deemed to be a political offshoot of Jamatud Dawa (JuD), has been pending since last year as the interior ministry awaited appraisal from intelligence agencies about the group. Government through a Presidential Ordinance has declared that any individual or organisation which has been declared proscribed by the United Nations (UN) would be deemed as a banned outfit in the country. The formation of MML was announced in August last year. Earlier in April, US State Department included Milli Muslim League (MML) in its list of Foreign Terrorist Organisations (FTO), saying it is a front for banned terrorist outfit Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT). The group, however, denies any link to LeT or any other banned outfit.

Request to allot plot to former CJP deferred by FGEHF ISLAMABAD Staff RepoRt

PESHAWAR Staff RepoRt

The Awami National Party (ANP) has defended the award of ticket to Himayatullah Mayar, who had shielded some of the accused in the murder of Mashal Khan, a student of Journalism and Mass Communication Department at the Abdul Wali Khan University in Mardan. The ANP leader has issued a show-cause notice for deviating from the party position as well. Himayatullah Mayar reportedly apologised to the party leaders for his attitude in the Mashal Khan lynching case saying, “We are staunch Muslims and our religion preaches peace”. Sardar Hussain Babak, who is also secretary of the parliamentary board said the ANP’s stance on every issue revolves around the fact that when the entire society gets polluted, no-

body can deny the prevalence of religious fanaticism”. He added that ANP, however, is ‘maintaining its moderate liberal position on major issues’. Himayatullah Mayar, who was the district nazim for Mardan at the time of Mashal Khan’s lynching, had advised the party workers to avoid commenting on his murder. Mashal Khan was lynched by a mob of students, employees of the university and some outsiders at the university campus in Mardan on April 13 last year after being accused of committing blasphemy. The Anti-Terrorism Court had handed death sentence to one accused, life terms to five others while 25 accused were awarded three-year jail terms. However, 26 other accused were acquitted. Himayatullah Mayar has been given the ANP ticket to contest for the provincial assembly seat, PK-51 Mardan, in the election on July 25.

The request for a residential plot in F-14 or F-15 sectors for former Chief Justice (CJ) Iftikhar Chaudhry was deferred by the Federal Government Employees Housing Foundation (FGEHF) executive committee. During his service, the former CJ was offered a plot in I-8 but he refused and the FGEHF was finding options for a few years now because former CJ Chaudhry wanted to avail the offer. Under the Prime Minister’s Assistance PAckage for BS-22, the former CJ was offered a category-I plot in 2008 but he refused the offer through a letter by the Supreme Court (SC) registrar, which read, “The honourable Chief Justice of Pakistan has declined for the time being to accept the offer made by [FGEHF] dated 10-8-2009 for allotment of plot number 45-D, (measuring 60’x90’) sector I-8/2 Islamabad in his favour as his lordship had never asked for it, therefore, the said offered may be withdrawn immediately under intimation to this office.” “The executive committee discussed the case today but decided to defer the matter. F-14 was under consideration, but we think the sector is not developed yet and it is appropriate to defer the matter,” said FGEHF Director General (DG) Waqas Mahmood. The committee deliberated on the matter but then deferred it.

Political parties urge ECP to hold polls for provincial FATA seats this year ISLAMABAD HaMID KHaN WaZIR

Major political parties from tribal regions have threatened to stage a sit-in in front of Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) on the third day of Eid if the commission does not take steps for holding polls for the provincial assembly seats of Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) along with the upcoming general elections. The Mutahida Qabail Party (MQP) staged a protest demonstration on Wednesday to press the ECP to hold elections in provisional seats in the recently merged tribal areas at the same time as the rest of the country rather than delaying it for a year to avoid possible political uncertainty. The protest demonstration was led by MQP Chairman Habib Malik Aurakzai, which was participated by representatives

from Pakistan Thereek-e-Insaf (PTI), Jamaat-e-Islami (JI), Awami National Party (ANP) and representatives of the civil society. Talking to Pakistan Today, Malik said that they staged the protest demonstration to ensure holding of elections in the tribal regions along with the other parts of the country. He said that it would be quite easy to influence the elections in FATA after general elections, hence the elections on the provincial seats reserved for FATA should be held along with the general elections. ECP held out the assurance that they would be given a response in this regard within two days, he said. However, Habib lamented that he has already written to the commission in this regard but received no response from the commission. He warned that if the ECP could not give a response before Eid and steps were not taken for holding elections on the provincial seats on the same date, they

would be left with no option but to hold a sit-in in front of ECP office on the third day of the Eid. The MQP chairman vowed that the protest sit-in would continue till the acceptance of their demands. Habib, in his letter to the chief election commissioner, stated that FATA has been a victim of negligence and the other draconian law FCR (1901). The law prevailed even after the creation of Pakistan. No political party activity was allowed in FATA, the status of FATA deprived the people of their representation in the provincial assembly and local bodies. The letter reads, “Now that FATA has been merged with KP through the 31st amendment in constitution and territory has become at par with other provinces of Pakistan. It is necessary to provide people with their due right in legislatures both federal and provincial.” “The date of general elections 2018 has been scheduled and will be held all

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over Pakistan in the month of July for both national and provincial seats. It shall be in the interest of the people of FATA that they also choose their representatives for provincial assembly as well,” he added. However, in the general elections, the people of newly merged FATA will only choose their representatives for the Na-

tional Assembly (NA) and for provincial assemblies in 2019. Such arrangements could affect the overall provincial system and the then sitting government, he said. He said that the newly merged FATA region may also be included in upcoming general elections like other regions to choose their representatives for provincial assemblies. This step will also ensure impartial and unbiased elections of true representatives from the territory under neutral caretaker government. It is pertinent to mention that former Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Chief Minister Pervez Khattak and JI provincial chief Senator Mushtaq Ahmad Khan have also asked the ECP to hold polls for the provincial Assembly seats in FATA along with the upcoming general elections because the 21 seats allocated to the newly added areas would have definite impact on the complexion of the provincial assembly and hence for the elected government.


Thursday, 14 June, 2018

naB chairman orders probe into alleged corruption in nandipur power project LAHORE Staff RepoRt

National Accountability Bureau (NAB) Chairman Justice (r) Javed Iqbal on Wednesday ordered an investigation into alleged corruption in Nandipur power project. This decision was taken keeping in view a Supreme Court (SC) order to examine corruption allegations with reference to the findings of the one-man commission of former Justice Rehmat Hussain Jafri on the Nandipur power project. As per a notification issued by NAB, the chairman has asked director general NAB Lahore to conduct the investigation. On June 7, the Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Mian Saqib Nisar had ordered NAB to investigate the alleged corruption in the power project. During the proceedings, the CJP asked how long the file related to the project would remain pending in the law ministry. To this, the secretary energy told the bench, “Nandipur power project was established in 2005 to generate 525 megawatts of electricity. It was estimated to cost Rs22 billion but it went up to Rs58 billion due to delays.” The CJP remarked, “A report prepared by Justice (r) Rehmat Hussain Jafri regarding the project is present and we will look into allegations of corruption.” The Justice Jafri commission was appointed by the SC in 2013 on a petition moved by Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) senior leader and then water and power minister Khawaja Muhammad Asif.

Pakistan condemns unprovoked ceasefire violation along LoC ISLAMABAD INp

Foreign Office on Wednesday summoned the Indian acting deputy high commissioner and condemned the unprovoked ceasefire violation by the Indian occupation forces along the Line of Control (LoC) on June 12 in Chirikot Sector, resulting in the martyrdom of one innocent civilian named M Shakeel in Trothi village. According to a statement issued in the day, the Indian forces along the LoC and the Working boundary have continuously been targeting civilian populated areas. In 2018, the Indian forces have carried out more than 1100 ceasefire violations along the LoC and the Working Boundary, resulting in the martyrdom of 29 innocent civilians, while injuring 117 others. This unprecedented escalation in ceasefire violations by India is continuing from the year 2017 when the Indian forces committed 1970 ceasefire violations. The deliberate targeting of civilian populated areas is indeed deplorable and contrary to human dignity, international human rights and humanitarian laws. The ceasefire violations by India are a threat to regional peace and security and may lead to a strategic miscalculation. The acting director general (SA & SAARC) urged the Indian side to respect the 2003 Ceasefire arrangement. Investigate this and other incidents of ceasefire violations, instruct the Indian forces to respect the ceasefire, in letter and spirit and maintain peace on the LoC and the Working Boundary, the press release mentioned.

PtI to REvERsE dECIsIons on tHREE na ConstItuEnCIEs

NEWS

FATYANA, TIWANA AND GHULAM ABBASI LIKELY TO GET TICKETS IN REVIEW ISLAMABAD

I

Sialkot/Pasroor which would now be awarded to Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas. Abbas is a local political heavyweight who had secured over 38,232 votes as an independent candidate in general elections held in 2013 against Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz’s (PMLN) Zahid Hamid who had secured 1,31,468 votes. The parliamentary board has also recommended overturning its previous decision to award ticket to Gul Asghar Khan in NA-94 Khushab. The ticket is likely to be awarded to Malik Ihsanullah of powerful Tiwana family which has been winning the elections since the 1940s. Khuda Bux Khan Tiwana and Ghulam Mohammad Tiwana have won from this constituency from various political parties and wield great influence in across the district. Malik Ihsanullah Tiwana, the youngest among Tiwana brothers, had joined PTI in its initial days and has remained loyal to the party since then. Though Ihsanullah Tiwana had announced not to contest after the party’s decision, the two PTI candidates for Punjab Assembly (PA) constituencies, Malik Hamid Mehmood Tiwana for PP-83 Khushab-II and Sardar Shuja Muhammad Khan from PP-84 Khushab-III, who both have got party tickets, have refused to contest saying they can’t win without support from Tiwana family. The third National Assembly (NA) constituency being reviewed is NA-113 Kamalia, Toba Tek Singh where the party had awarded ticket

MIaN aBRaR

N a run-up to the electioneering process, an extraordinary meeting of Pakistan Tehreeke-Insaf (PTI) parliamentary board is all set to take place to take decisions on award of party tickets on rest of the national and provincial assembly constituencies. The meeting is overdue as PTI chief Imran Khan is about to culminate his three-day visit to Saudi Arabia where he performed Umrah along with his spouse and some party friends. Well-placed sources in PTI have informed Pakistan Today that a challenging task awaits Khan upon his return as he also is set to take up over a hundred complaints forwarded by party loyalists against what they have called the “unjust” award of party tickets. The sources said that Khan would be briefed on the results of a review survey conducted by a private survey company where various factions are claiming majority votes and have requested a change of party tickets. According to a party leader, who wished not to be identified, the parliamentary board has decided to change party tickets awarded to candidates at around three constituencies, including NA-74 Sialkot/Pasroor, NA-94 Khushab and NA-113 Kamalia. Previously PTI had awarded tickets to Mansur Sarwar at NA-74

to Haider Khan Kharal, the son of late Khalid Kharal. The board has decided to award party ticket to Riaz Fatyana, the man who has joined PTI twice in the past but later switched sides both times. This very habit of Fatyana had compelled Khan to go against Fatyana the party ticket this time around but the parliamentary board has reviewed the decision after repeated requests by party loyalists from Kamalia. Another constituency is in NA141 Okara where the party has awarded ticket to former information minister Sumsam Bukhari who has little influence in the newly drawn constituency. The party’s own leader Masood Shafqat Rabera Kharal is the winner if awarded ticket but the party is reluctant to award him the ticket due to successive discipline violation by Masood in past. Despite repeated attempts and requests from party stalwarts, the board looks in no mood to change its mind. However, Khan would take the final decision. Sources say that the party is likely to award party ticket to Mian Ghous Mohammad from NA-176 Rahimyar Khan-II.

11

sC seeks details of dual-national envoys appointed abroad LAHORE: The Supreme Court (SC) on Wednesday summoned details of dualnational ambassadors appointed abroad from the Federal Investigation Agency (FIA). A three-judge bench headed by Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Mian Saqib Nisar was hearing a case pertaining to dual nationality holders at the SC’s Lahore Registry. During the hearing, the CJP remarked that there are no laws regarding officers who are dual nationals. “We want to survey those officers who hold dual nationalities,” CJP added. The CJP directed the FIA to submit details of the dual-national ambassadors appointed in foreign countries and observed that he wants the data to be passed on to the govt. Staff RepoRt

PML-n’s Lodhran trump card joins PtI MULTAN: Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz’s (PML-N) winning candidate from the Lodhran by-election, Pir Iqbal Shah, jumped ship and joined the Imran Khan-led Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI). As per the details, Shah met former opponent Jahangir Tareen and received a party ticket for the upcoming polls. Earlier, the former MNA had parted ways with PML-N and the Abdul Rehman Khan Kanju group. He had submitted his nomination papers from NA-161 as an independent candidate, the same constituency where Shah had defeated Ali Tareen in the Lodhran by-elections. Shah told a private media outlet that promises were made after the recent victory in Lodhran but to no avail. He further added that his son Amir Iqbal Shah was also neglected by Kanju and the PML-N leadership, which was why they decided to join PTI. Tareen welcomed Shah in the party after the departure of his son, Ali Tareen, who stepped down to continue his higher studies. INp

Transgender persons seek proper facilities, security for polls LAMENT APATHY OF POLITICAL PARTIES

APTEN SAYS 11 TRANSGENDER PERSONS HAVE SUBMITTED NOMINATION PAPERS SO FAR

PESHAWAR SHaMIM SHaHID

The All Pakistan Transgender Election Network (APTEN) demanded the government and Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) to ensure proper facilities, including maximum security for transgender persons and their properties, on the election day July 25. The APTEN comprises TransAction KP, the Sindh Transgender Welfare Network, the Balochistan Alliance for Transgender and Intersex Community and the Punjab Transgender Foundation. The network was established with support of United Nations and ECP with a view to politically empower the transgender community throughout the country. During a press conference on Wednesday, the transgender representatives from different parts of the country said that purposes of the network are to

ensure close coordination for encouraging the transgender representatives to contest elections. Farzana Jan, who is leading the transgender community of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), said that their representation in parliament is a must for raising voice for their rights and to ensure these rights through legislation. She, however, regretted that except Awami National Party (ANP), all the other political parties were silent in the election manifestoes regarding their rights.

“There is nothing even in Pakistan Tehrik-e-Insaf (PTI) chief Imran Khan’s 11-point agenda,” Farzana added. Nayab Ali said that the transgender persons are also citizens of this country and they deserve equal rights, and for the same purpose, they are participating in the election. Nayab, however, expressed concern over the lack of facilities and services for the transgender in election process and urged the civil society organisations to raise voices in this

respect. Qamar Nasim, an activist, said , “The passage of Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2018 calls for commitment for equitable and expeditious inclusion of transgender persons in electoral and democratisation processes, elections and towards long-term development planning at all levels.” He urged the government to ensure provision of due fundamental human and political rights to transgender, and that they should take part in political and democratisation process without any fear. According to the transgender representatives, 11 of them have filed nomination papers from various parts of the country and so far nomination papers of two candidates have been accepted. Only two persons are contesting from KP in Haripur and Mansehra districts of Hazara division. Both Farzana Jan and Arzoo intend to contest polls from Peshawar but due to security threats and lack of resources they aren’t doing so. The number of registered voters of their community throughout the country is 1,948 votes whereas their population is 10,400.

SC accepts Khadija Siddiqui’s appeal against LHC verdict LAHORE Staff RepoRt

The Supreme Court (SC) formally accepted Khadija Siddiqui’s appeal against the Lahore High Court (LHC) verdict that acquitted Shah Hussain, who had earlier been convicted of stabbing Siddiqui. During the court hearing on Wednesday, Hussain was ordered to submit a bond amounting to Rs0.1 million. Earlier, the case was transferred to Justice Asif Saeed Khosa. A two-member bench comprising Chief Justice (CJ) Mian Saqib Nisar and Justice Ijazul Ahsan heard the Khadija Siddiqui stabbing case at SC’s Lahore Registry on Sunday after taking notice of a single-bench verdict by Justice Sardar Ahmed Naeem which acquitted Shah

Hussain of all charges and accepted his appeal against the seven-year sentence handed to him by a sessions court. Siddiqui’s lawyer Salman Safdar told the bench that they had already filed an appeal against the acquittal. During the hearing, the CJ expressed annoyance at Lahore High Court Bar Association’s undermining of SC by passing a resolution against the notice. “How did LHCBA pass a resolution against the apex court?” asked Justice Nisar. The top judge questioned the convict’s father Tanvir Hashmi, a prominent lawyer, how he managed to campaign against the SC. “Would you have done the same if a lawyer’s daughter had been attacked?” Stressing that the apex court could see bar association politics at play, Justice Nisar remarked that the ploy will

be unsuccessful. Meanwhile, Khadija recalled the character assassination she had to endure during the court proceedings and asked

SC to provide justice. Speaking to the media after the hearing, Khadija thanked all those who rallied behind her. “The CJ has taken notice and I am confident that justice will be done,” she said while speaking to journalists outside the court along with her counsels. Accused Shah Hussain told reporters outside the court that it was his right to file an appeal against the sessions court verdict and added that the case against him was now closed after the acquittal. The prosecution failed to me prove a convict, he maintained. “I was not allowed to speak in my defence and if they have any evidence against me then they should present it in court.” Hussain was convicted last year for attacking then 23-year-old law student Khadija with a knife in Lahore. His seven-

year sentence by a judicial magistrate had been commuted to a two-year sentence by a trial court in March this year. He was acquitted by the LHC on June 4, with Justice Sardar Ahmad Naeem in his detailed judgement stating: “The injured witness ordinarily is not disbelieved but the circumstances of this case forced me to disbelieve the injured prosecution witness.” The CJ had summoned the case’s record on Tuesday, a day after LHC acquitted Shah Hussain of all charges. The LHC verdict in the case had shocked the nation that had supported the law student’s fight for justice after being stabbed 23 times. After the verdict which gives the attacker a clean chit, Khadija had announced that she would challenge it in the top court.


12 busIness

Thursday, 14 June, 2018

no ftas SignEd ovER PaSt fivE yEaRS

ECONOMY FAILED TO BENEFIT FROM ANY OF SIX BILATERAL TRADE AGREEMENTS OVER LAST DECADE

ISLAMABAD

a

GHULAM ABBAS

LTHOUGH the government of Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz (PML-N) started the negotiations on various trade agreements including the Free Trade Agreement (FTA) and Preferential Trade Agreement (PTA) with a number of countries, it could not conclude any such agreement in the past five years. As per officials, the government which remained highly involved in the political crisis and focused its powers on mega projects, gave no serious thought to such trade agreements. Even the revision of the FTA with China, despite the conclusion of various rounds of talks, remained inconclusive knowing that the agreement was largely in favour of China, inevitably causing a huge trade imbalance. The previous government, since it took charge in 2013, negotiated FTAs with Thailand, Korea and Turkey. As per the available documents, nine rounds of negotiation were held between Pakistan and Thailand but due to differences on a few subjects, the agreement could not be signed. Earlier, the Cabinet had accorded the approval to initiate negotiations on the Pak-Thailand FTA in its meeting on the 24th August, 2015. One of the major sectors which showed concerns about the terms of the

SBP injects Rs720bn into the market KARACHI APP

The State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) on Wednesday injected into the money market Rs120 billion for one day and Rs1,600 billion for seven days as reverse repo purchase through its open market operation. Twenty three quotes were accepted for 7 days OMO tenor and the rate of return accepted is 6.53 per cent per annum. Four quotes were accepted for one day OMO tenor and the rate of return accepted is 6.57 per cent per annum, said SBP. The total amount offered at 6.53 per cent in 9 days OMO was Rs455 billion, out of which State Bank accepted Rs413.3 on prorata basis.

FTA with Thailand was the auto sector, as about half the imports from Thailand consist of auto parts. According to experts, on one hand, allowing Thailand access to Pakistan’s auto sector may increase its challenges and put the FTA at odds with the new auto policy which aims at enhancing the domestic production. On the other hand, lower duties on parts that cannot be manufactured in Pakistan may support domestic production while bringing down costs for consumers. Presently, bilateral trade is in favour of Thailand, however, the FTA - if implemented, is reportedly expected to lessen the differential of the nearly $700 million trade deficit while doubling bilateral trade. Similarly, another major FTA was to be signed with Turkey but that too remained inconclusive for various reasons. According to the officials at the Ministry of Commerce the refusal to either reduce its additional duties or extend GSP Plus status by Turkey to Pakistan in line with the European Union (EU), with the World Trade Organisation (WTO), is the major reason of failure in moving forward on the bilateral FTA. Pakistan had asked for a reversal of a set of additional duties that the Turkish government had imposed on Pakistani products having high export potential in the Turkish market back in 2011. The products in question are cotton

fabrics, apparel and home textiles, carpets, manmade fibres, plastics and footwear. The additional duties range from 20 to 50 per cent, bringing the total duties on these critical products to between 28 and 67 per cent when combined with other duties also applicable on them. As a result, Pakistan’s exports to Turkey plummeted from $906 million in 2011 to $282 million in 2017, a decline of 69 per cent. Besides, Islamabad was also demanding the Turkish government to grant it the GSP Plus status as it was under an obligation to extend the facility because the foreign country is a member of the EU customs union. However, the deadlock on bilateral talks resulted in the failure of the proposed FTA. The next FTA in question was with South Korea. Both sides had concluded a feasibility to explore the possibility of a free trade agreement between the two countries. However, no serious efforts were made so far to conclude the talks on FTA. Currently, bilateral trade between the two countries is around $1.1 billion and both sides had wished to further promote trade and investment relationship between the two countries. The major failure of the previous government in bilateral trade agreements was related to the renewal of the Pak-China FTA. The two countries in April this year failed to sign

even official minutes on the conclusion of 10th rounds of parleys held at Islamabad for finalising the second phase of China Pakistan Free Trade Agreement (CPFTA) mainly because both sides could not sort out differences on granting incentives for boosting each other exports. As per the original plan, the second phase was supposed to be implemented from Jan 1, 2014. Both countries started negotiations for the second phase in 2011. Both the countries held 8th round of negotiations of the 2nd phase of FTA, but failed to sign it. Pakistan has signed a PTA with Indonesia in 2013. Trade deficit between the two countries has widened in favour of Indonesia during the said period, as the import of palm oil shifted from Malaysia to Indonesia. Pakistan is presently conducting a review of the PTA with Indonesian side and efforts are at hand to rectify the widening trade deficit. It is worth mentioning here that Pakistan Business Council, a business advocacy group, in its report noted that Pakistan’s economy failed to benefit from any of the six bilateral trade agreements over the past one decade with the country struggling to get tariff incentives from its trading partners. The country has so far signed free and preferential trade agreements with six countries, including China, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Iran, Mauritius and Indonesia.

Inflation to spike up after latest rupee devaluation KARACHI: The latest round of rupee devaluation is set to stoke inflation and the KSE-100 index remained muted when the currency depreciated against the dollar on Monday. According to analysts, the latest round of rupee devaluation has left an air of uncertainty over the extent of the fall which has raised concerns over the weakening macroeconomic situation, reported Express Tribune. The market was jolted on Monday when the State Bank of Pakistan in a widely predicted move permitted the rupee to depreciate 3.65 percent against the dollar in the inter-bank market, the third such instance during the outgoing financial year. EFG Hermes Pakistan Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Muzammil Aslam said exporters weren’t sure whether the latest round of devaluation would continue, or would it halt here. Aslam said the textile sector which constitutes the largest export segment of Pakistan were talking about the rupee weakening in range of Rs140 to the US dollar. He added the unpredictable situation could force exporters to hold onto their export proceeds as they await further rupee devaluation. EFG Hermes Pakistan CEO said if further rupee deval-

uation took place, this would further erode foreign currency reserves and timing of it was questionable. It was widely expected by exporters the next elected government would have devalued the local currency, which would take power after the upcoming general elections slated to be held on July 25th. Foreign exchange reserves are eroding fast equating to around two months of import cover, currently. The country’s business community believes Pakistan would feel the pressure sooner rather than later due to an almost 13 percent dip in the value of the rupee in the last six months. Aslam said devaluation would stoke up inflation translating into imports becoming more expensive and compelling the central bank to hike the key interest rate sooner than expected and at a speedier pace. He added this would reduce private sector credit and impact Pakistan’s economic growth. The import bill would remain inflated because of the country’s huge dependence on imports of petroleum products, which have been becoming expensive due to frequent rises in international oil prices. AGENCIES

CPEC to play immense role in development of remote regions: planning secretary ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

The Secretary Planning, Development and Reform (PD&R), Shoaib Ahmad Siddiqui has said that the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) being a long-term national project has to play a huge role in the development of remote regions of the country, particularly Balochistan. He expressed these views while chairing a meeting on CPEC related issues on Wednesday here at Ministry of Planning, Development and Reform. The meeting was attended by CPEC Project Director, Hassan Daud Butt, officials from the Ministry of Energy (Power Division), Government of Balochistan, and the Government of Sindh. Secretary PD&R called for making all-out efforts for the resolution of outstanding issues. Siddiqui, while highlighting the importance of Gwadar development as a modern worldclass port city, emphasized on creating ‫ا‬a conducive environment for investment as the investors are keenly watching development at Gwadar. On this occasion, representative of Balochistan Government intimated that the process of issuance of NOCs and land acquisition for 300MW Coal Power Project has been expedited. “Completion of the process is expected shortly that would facilitate the power project to enter into implementation stage”, he informed. Officials from the Ministry of Energy apprised regarding the progress of power projects under CPEC. The chair instructed for expediting procedures to ensure smooth implementation of CPEC projects and win investors’ confidence.

Caretaker finance minister calls for public-private partnership ISLAMABAD PPI

Caretaker Minister for Finance and Planning Dr Shamshad Akhtar has called for promoting public-private partnership for better results as many countries have ensured development in this way. Addressing a briefing at the Ministry of Planning in Islamabad, she said this partnership will be helpful in increasing the performance of the government and promote new trends. She said cooperation with provinces and relevant stakeholders is imperative to ensure the achievement of sustainable development goals. Dr Shamshad Akhtar said the role of the Planning Commission has become more important after the devolution of powers to the province and there is a need to expand the scope of cooperation of the commission with provinces.

Govt signs agreements worth $565m with WB to support water, energy projects ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

The Secretary, Economic Affairs Division (EAD) signed the following agreements worth $565.0 million with the World Bank to support the projects in Energy and Water Sectors. National Transmission Modernisation (Phase-I) Project of $425.0 million: The objective of the project is to increase the capacity and reliability of selected segments of the national transmission system in Pakistan and modernize key business processes of the National Transmission and Despatch Company (NTDC). The project will support investments in high-priority transmission infrastructure, information and communication technology (ICT), and technical assistance (TA) for improved management and operations. Infrastructure

investments will create new assets or rehabilitate existing parts of the system transmission substations, transmission lines, or a combination of the two. The project will establish a robust ICT infrastructure and roll out an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system to enhance the efficiency of

management and operations. The TA will help the NTDC implement the project and will improve the company’s capacity for sustainable system operation. The total cost of the project is $536.33 million. The World Bank will finance $425.0 million and $111.33m will

be borne by the NTDC. Sindh Barrages Improvement Project – Additional Financing of $140 million: The project’s development objectives are to improve the reliability and safety of the Guddu barrage and strengthen the Sindh Irrigation Department’s capacity to operate and manage the barrage. The additional financing will help to scale up activities under the original project (Sindh Barrages Improvement Project) whose scope at present is limited to rehabilitating and modernizing Guddu Barrage. With the AF, the project will support the rehabilitation and modernization of Sukkur Barrage and also support improving the operation and maintenance (O&M) of the three barrages over the Indus River in Sindh Province – Guddu, Sukkur, and Kotri Barrages – through better coordination and monitoring. The total estimated amount of the ad-

ditional finance required under the AF is $152.2 million, which will be financed by the AF ($140.0 million) and incremental counterpart funds ($12.2 million) by the Government of Sindh. Secretary, Economic Affairs Division (EAD), Syed Ghazanfar Abbas Jilani signed the Loan Agreements on behalf of the Government of Pakistan while representatives of Government of Sindh and the National Transmission Dispatch Company signed the project agreements of their respective projects. World Bank Country Director Patchamuthu Illangovan signed the agreements on behalf of the World Bank. The Secretary, Economic Affairs Division (EAD), thanked the World Bank for extending its continuous support to Government of Pakistan in its efforts to achieve sustainable economic development in the country.


busIness 13

Thursday, 14 June, 2018

StEEl SECtoR RaiSES PRiCES to BalanCE RuPEE dEvaluation LAHORE

t

MONEM FAROOQI

HE steel sector of Pakistan has responded to the rupee devaluation by raising prices, especially of Cold Rolled Coil (CRC) and Galvanized Coil (GC) by 4.2 per cent on an immediate basis. Industry sources told Pakistan Today that the prices declared effective from Tuesday have been leading to a cumulative price increase of 8 per cent since December 2017 on both the products. They say the measure was to pass on the cost impact after the recent round of devaluation of 13.4 per cent in the rupee since December 2017. However, sources did not rule out a further price increase in the coming months of all steel products to sustain

margins post-drawdown of older inventory. Whereas, on the other hand, international primary margins (CRC-HRC) are going down reaching 3.6 per cent at around $63 per ton after the recent tariffs imposed by the US government on flat steel and aluminium imports. LCCI former senior president and a prominent name in the steel sector, Kashif Younis Meher said that the price rise was obvious in the circumstances as the sector depended on the import of raw material and coal. He said the sector was already taking a hit. He admitted that the sector could not get a clear leadership, enabling it to provide the much-needed vision and provide directions to the sector. Moreover, Pakistan's steel industry, he said, is characterised by small plants, most of which are utilising obsolete technology and these products cannot com-

‘Mystri’ app connecting workshops with car owners

pete with cheaper imports, particularly from India and China - where manufacturers enjoy benefits from economies of scale and more efficient production processes. The domestic industry, therefore, operates at only 60 per cent of its installed capacity, despite strong local demand for steel products. The healthy growth of 24.8 per cent in steel production during FY15 was associated with a 34 per cent increase in quantum imports of iron and steel scrap (at a cost of $2.6 billion). Kashif pointed out that downstream industry had been suffering a lot as the governments stayed unfocused on developing and supporting sector, especially mini steel mills which require less capital investment throughout the country. Pakistan's steel industry comprises a complete and a closely intertwined value chain - from pig iron furnaces to downstream sectors and end-user indus-

Pakistan faces risk of arbitration lawsuits if it becomes ECt member: report ISLAMABAD AGENCIES

tries. There are at least 600 players in the industry, "If investment and domestic production in the country fail to keep pace, the additional demand for steel will have to be met by imports, putting an additional burden on the country's balance of payments," Kashif Mehar added. He said that policy should have been identifying segments in the steel chain that needed protection at the initial stage; define and enforce quality and performance standards; and ensure fair competition in the market. In addition, this policy should also consider the level of protection available to steel manufacturers in Pakistan's competitors, especially China and India. According to reports, steel consumption have increased at a faster rate following huge quantities of steel requirements to build basic infrastructure.

PM invites Japanese companies to invest in Pakistan

LAHORE MUHAMMAD FARAN

One of the largest internet broadband and cable provider in the country, Wateen has recently stepped into the e-commerce and digital domain, launching a mobile application named 'Mystri' aimed at connecting workshop owners to car owners. The application features a user-friendly interface through which users can book a workshop appointment with the tap of a button. Additionally, users also have the option to opt for doorstep car maintenance service. Services offered under the platform encompass a wide variety of procedures ranging from general car service to general engine overhauling, with a large number of big workshops already on board. Wateen's new venture is not only expected to change the way people get their cars fixed but is also expected to bring in much-needed transparency within the existing auto workshop space. The application enables users to rate and comment on the quality of the services provided by individual workshops which are expected to push workshops to provide better quality services and keep their pricing in check. For workshop owners, the platform offers a possibility to increase their customer base by working on maintaining a good rating. “We are bringing workshops on board so that they get more visibility, and people get to know of the number of workshops that exist in the market and the options they have. Secondly, as customers begin to use Mystri and they give their comments workshop owners will find out where they are going wrong and what they need to improve,” says Wateen's Head of Marketing, Salman Mazhar. As of now the application has been launched in Lahore and is in its pilot phase with the company planning to add in more features and expand its reach to other cities within Pakistan.

Two leading European non-profit research and advocacy groups Corporate Europe Observatory (CEO) and Transnational Institute (TNI) have cautioned Pakistan may be at risk of investment arbitration lawsuits if it formally signs an International Energy Charter Treaty (ECT). Influential investors under the ECT have prosecuted several countries for $35 billion at several international tribunals, reported Dawn. It is the first comprehensive study which has been conducted by TNI and CEO on the effects of ECT. Since 2006, the country has remained an observer to the ECT and expressed keenness to become a full member, which would provide access to larger investments and energy funding. Currently, ECT has around 88 members with the majority constituting from Europe. According to the report, ECT is an influential tool in the hands of large oil, gas and coal companies which permits them to dissuade governments from moving to clean energy. The report questioned as to why Pakistan had expressed willingness to become a full member of the ECT considering investment arbitration was contentious in the country. It added the government had introduced a fresh Bilateral Investment Treaty model which was aimed at limiting the rights of investors, a move which could be threatened by the signing of the ECT. The report provided proof of how energy companies were indulging in utilizing little-known international investment agreement to prosecute governments for $35 billion at global tribunals. It added the ECT had provided private lawyers and corporations significant sway over future energy systems and binding nations to corporate-friendly energy policies.

Continued devaluation recipe for disaster, says iCSt ISLAMABAD INP

ISLAMABAD APP

Prime Minister Justice (r) Nasir-ulMulk Wednesday said Pakistan attached great importance to its relations with Japan and invited Japanese companies to avail the investment friendly environment in Pakistan. He was talking to the ambassador of Japan to Pakistan Takashi Kurai who paid a courtesy call on him at the Prime Minister’s Office, PM office media wing said in a press release. The prime minister

also noted the long history of economic and development cooperation between the two countries. Appreciating Japan’s acknowledgement of sacrifices and contributions made by Pakistan to eradicate the menace of terrorism, the prime minister said that it was time to change perception on security situation in Pakistan. The ambassador conveyed greetings of Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and said Japan greatly valued bilateral relations with Pakistan and appreciated the efforts and achievements of the

government and the people of Pakistan in the fight against terrorism. He also appreciated Pakistan’s economic turnaround and growth trajectory, and expressed the hope that Japan as a friend would continue to work with Pakistan for further strengthening of bilateral relations. The prime minister thanked the Japanese ambassador and expressed his best wishes for his Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe and said that the people of Pakistan were eagerly looked forward to his visit.

The Islamabad Chamber of Small Traders (ICST) on Wednesday said the rupee has been eroded by thirteen per cent during the last six months pushing tens of millions of people below the poverty line. However, targets like a substantial increase in exports and reduction in imports cannot be achieved while continued erosion in the exchange rate has exposed the vulnerability of the economy, it said. Those who claimed to make the country an Asian Tiger borrowed trillions in the garb of development and now some economic managers consider devaluation an alternative to the reforms, said Islamabad Chamber of Small Traders Patron Shahid Rasheed Butt. Masses continue to pay for the inefficiency and greed of the economic managers while policy to keep masses and the business community in the dark about important economic matters is fanning uncertainty. Shahid Rasheed Butt said that erosion in the exchange rate will not reduce imports and increase exports significantly but it will slow down the economy and hit GDP.

MARKET DAILY

PsX closes green as the Kse 100 settles at 43,507.50 LAHORE STAFF REPORT

LAHORE: As Moscow dresses up ahead of football extravaganza more and more fans head into the country for the World Cup that begins tomorrow. While millions of football lovers will be cheering on their favourite teams, Pakistanis will have a special reason to be involved. No, not only because of Pakistan’s famous footballs but also as sports betting takes centre stage during such mega events (in particular Cricket and Soccer). While there is no solid data on the volume of sports betting activity in Pakistan, we have found a correlation between soccer world cups and decline in market activity. Based on a study of Traded Value and Volume during previous 3 World Cups (from 2006 – 2014), we have seen an average decline of ~30 per cent in average traded value dur-

ing the event when compared with a 30d average traded value prior to the start of World Cup. In a nutshell, investors should be warned that financial markets tend to act like any emotional football fan during the matches - they go quiet and nervy. Coming back to market activity today, the day ended on a positive note with the 100 Index closing up +278.60 points (+0.64 per cent) at 43,507.50. Market volume and turnover came down even further (-16.7 per cent and -3.9 per cent on d/d basis) amid mixed activity. Materials were in the limelight again (39.7 per cent of total turnover) followed by d/d jump in Financials (25.9 per cent of total turnover) and Energy (14.5 per cent of total turnover). Contribution to upside came from Health Care (+1.63 per cent), Energy (+0.63 per cent) and Consumer Discretionary (+0.40 per cent) amid buying frenzy in SEARL (+2.02 per cent), SHFA (+3.61

per cent), PSO (+2.84 per cent), OGDC (+0.79 per cent), POL (+0.87 per cent), HPL (+5 per cent) and NML (+1.01 per cent). Additional support to intraday gains came from FFC (+1.51 per cent), HBL (+0.69 per cent), BAHL (+1.42 per cent) and ISL (+4.39 per cent). On the political front, the Supreme Court of Pakistan ruled in Awami Muslim League leader Sheikh Ahmed Rashid's favour in the misdeclaration of assets case against him. Market participation for the 100 Index declined to 72.36mn shares (-16.7 per cent on d/d basis). A major contribution to total market volume came from BOP (+2.26 per cent), MEBL (+5 per cent) and KEL (-1.94 per cent) churning 24.85mn shares out of the All Share volume of 111.89mn shares. Daily traded value for the 100 Index remained flattish at USD 39.90mn from USD 41.50mn in the previous session (-3.90 per cent on d/d basis); MEBL (USD 5.86mn),

DGKC (USD 5.06mn) and ENGRO (USD 3.48mn) were among top contributors from the traded value perspective. Major contribution to the 100 Index upside came from PSO (+2.84 per cent), FFC (+1.51 per cent), HBL (+0.69 per cent), OGDC (+0.79 per cent) and BAHL (+1.42 per cent) adding 100 points. On the flip side, COLG (-5 per cent) and HUBC (-0.72 per cent) took away 27 points. The 100 index is 16 per cent above its 52-week low of 37,736.73 reached on December 12, 2017, and 10 per cent below its 52week high of 48,601.75 touched on June 14, 2017. Technically speaking, the 100 Index staged a mini-reversal and closed above 20EMA (43,325) but well below other EMAs (200 and 50), 38.2 per cent retracement and falling trend line resistance. A snowball effect can take out rising trend line support (43k) and the 100 Index may revisit intraday low from 18th May (41,458).


14 SPORTS

Thursday, 14 June, 2018

SpaiN SackS Lopetegui oN eve of WorLd cup MADRID

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AGENCIES

PAIN dramatically sacked coach Julen Lopetegui on Wednesday and appointed federation sporting director Fernando Hierro -- just two days before the team's opening game at the World Cup. In a surprise announcement on Tuesday, Real Madrid appointed Lopetegui as Zinedine Zidane's successor to take over after the tournament in Russia, sparking outrage among the federation and Spanish fans at the timing of the announcement. At a severely delayed press conference at Spain's World Cup base in Krasnodar, Spanish football federation (RFEF) chief Luis Rubiales expressed dismay at the timing of events that threaten to derail Spain's World Cup chances.

"The national team is the team for all Spaniards and there are some decisions we feel obliged to take to protect some values," said Rubiales. "Negotiating is legitimate but it took place without the RFEF being informed until five minutes before a press statement was released. There has to be a message for all workers in the federation that there is a right way to do things." Later Wednesday, Spain named Hierro as the coach for the tournament in Russia. "Fernando Hierro will assume coaching responsibilities at the World Cup in Russia," the Spanish football federation announced. The 50-year-old Hierro's only real coaching experience came when he was in charge of second division Spanish outfit Oviedo for one season. Lopetegui had signed a contract extension until 2020 just last month and

never tasted defeat in his 20 games in charge as Spain boss. Spain are due to face European champions Portugal in Sochi on Friday before taking on Iran and Morocco in Group B. PLAYERS SUPPORT: There were fears Lopetegui's appointment by the European champions could open up old divisions between the Real Madrid and Barcelona factions in the Spain squad. For the first time since 2006, there are more players from Madrid in a Spanish squad for a major tournament, with a sixstrong Real contingent and just Gerard Pique, Jordi Alba and Sergio Busquets from Barca. However, according to reports in the Spanish media, the players tried to intervene at the last minute to prevent Rubiales sacking Lopetegui. "I have spoken with the players and what I can guarantee is that the players will do everything in their power, along

with the new technical team to take the team as far as possible," said Rubiales. La Roja were among the favourites to lift the trophy this summer but the astonishing developments of the past two days could have a devastating affect on their chances. Lopetegui had a short playing career at both Madrid and Barcelona as a reserve goalkeeper. However, his coaching career had been far from distinguished before being

handed the role as Spain coach after a last-16 exit at Euro 2016 brought Vicente del Bosque's eight-year reign to an end. After short spells at Rayo Vallecano and with Madrid's youth team Real Madrid Castilla, Lopetegui enjoyed a successful time with Spain's under-19s and under-21s. He then spent 18 months in charge of Porto but was sacked after exiting the Champions League at the group stage in his second season.

Salah shrugs off injury to join Egypt training GROZNY AGENCIES

aLL HaNdS oN deck to Support MeSSi, Say argeNtiNa teaMMateS BuENOs AIREs AGENCIES Argentina reserve goalkeeper Nahuel Guzman says the squad must do everything in their power to allow Lionel Messi to perform at his best during the World Cup in Russia. Messi and Argentina, who finished runners-up to Germany in Brazil in 2014, launch their Group D campaign against World Cup newcomers Iceland in Moscow on Saturday. "He's very involved, he's working with the team and leading by example like the great players do," Guzman, called up last month as a replacement for the injured Sergio Romero, said of Messi. "I'm proud to be able to share this experience and am trying to be with him all the time. We hope we can perform every game by his side. We must all make sure that Leo shines." Messi will be appearing at his fourth World Cup as he chases an international title that has so far eluded the five-time Ballon d'Or recipient. "Leo is training very well, giving an example of how to prepare at training but likewise off the pitch as well," said Chelsea's Willy Caballero, who is likely to start in goal for Jorge Sampaoli's side. "He's very tuned in. I'm surprised by how good he's looking and I hope he starts the tournament well because if he's on form that will help us all raise our game." Messi won the Golden Ball award four years ago as the best player of the tournament but has scored just five World Cup goals in his career. Argentina's other group stage opponents at this year's finals are Croatia and Nigeria.

Mohamed Salah gave Egypt's World Cup hopes a huge boost Wednesday when he joined a squad training session at their Grozny base. The Pharaohs' superstar has been sidelined since suffering a shoulder injury in Liverpool´s Champions League final loss to Real Madrid on May 26. However, an AFP reporter saw the forward take part in his first training session since the injury, going through a range of warm-up exercises with his teammates. Team director Ihab Lahita was cagey about Salah's progress, saying there was no guarantee he would play in Egypt´s Group A opener against Uruguay on Friday. "There's a good degree of progress but no definitive decision on whether he takes part, as we are following his case day by day," he told reporters. Salah arrived in Russia with serious doubts about his participation due to the shoulder injury, which occurred when Sergio Ramos wrestled him to the ground in the final. But such has been his form for Liverpool, with 44 goals in all competitions this season, that he was included in the Egypt squad simply on the off-chance he could play. On May 30, Egypt officials said Salah would be out for "not more" than three weeks, which would rule him out of the Uruguay match but put

New Zealand cricket legend Hadlee undergoes cancer surgery WELLINGTON AGENCIES

him in the frame for Russia on June 19 and Saudi Arabia on June 25. Team doctor Mohamed Abou alEla said over the weekend that Salah would not play "unless he has totally recovered". The player sat out Egypt's first training session after arriving in Russia but was optimistic about his prospects. "I´m excited. God willing I´m well-prepared and things are going well and my morale is high," he told AFP on Sunday.

Uruguay goalkeeper Fernando Muslera has expressed hope that Salah will play against the South Americans, saying he wants to play against the best at football's showpiece tournament. "I like the best players to play, I train with the best and I want the best players to play," he said. Salah is regarded as a contender for the Ballon d'Or, alongside Argentina's Lionel Messi, Portugal´s Cristiano Ronaldo and Neymar of Brazil.

New Zealand cricketing great Richard Hadlee has undergone surgery for bowel cancer but is expected to make a full recovery, his wife Dianne said Wednesday. "Last month, Richard had a routine, threeyear colonoscopy, and we discovered that he has bowel cancer," she said in a statement. "He has since had an operation to remove the tumour. This operation went extremely well and he has made an excellent recovery from surgery." Dianne Hadlee said that as a safeguard, the 66year-old fast bowling legend would soon commence chemotherapy treatment and "it is expected that, in time, he will have a full recovery". Hadlee is regarded as one of the greatest fast bowlers of all time, and was the first to take 400 Test wickets. By the time he retired in 1990, he had played 86 Tests and taken 431 wickets at 22.29. He was also a hard-hitting batsman with a Test career total of 3,124 runs, including two centuries and 15 half-centuries, at an average of 27.16.

Stanikzai hopes to live up to expectations in Afghan debut Test NEW DELHI AGENCIES

Afghanistan face sky-high expectations at home ahead of their historic first-ever Test match starting Thursday against India, captain Asghar Stanikzai has said. The mood in war-scarred Afghanistan may also help the team when they step out at the M. Chinnaswamy Stadium in Bangalore to enjoy their newfound Test status, he told reporters on the eve of the game. "It is itself history that we are playing the inaugural and historic Test match against the number one team in the world," Stanikzai said. "The mood back home is very positive. They expect us to perform well because recently Afghanistan performed really well in T20 and one day internationals and their expectation will be the same for Tests. "We have worked hard for this and will try to keep up our good performance in the Test match as well," the 30year-old skipper said. Since gaining one day international status in 2009, the Afghans have made

giant strides and qualified for their second 50-over World Cup in England and Wales next year. They have also been part of four Twenty20 World Cups. Afghanistan, who have been forced to train in India since 2015 because of the conflict at home, have just secured a T20 series sweep over Bangladesh with teen sensation Rashid Khan now an international star. The top T20 bowler in the ICC rankings, Khan took the Indian Premier League by storm with 21 wick-

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ets for runners-up Sunrisers Hyderabad. KHAN POWER: Afghanistan coach Phil Simmons said that putting the spotlight on Khan s talents is helping the other players focus on improving. "Rashid is so professional, he knows how to deal with it. And while he is dealing with it the others have time to work on their own strategies," said the former West Indies allrounder on Wednesday. "It s a good thing for the team." India will be without their captain

Virat Kohli -- the biggest name in world cricket -- but Simmons said the home side have other weapons. "I think there will always be a bit of disappointment in the players not to be on the same field as Virat, but at the same time we look to win the Test match and beat India, we don t beat Virat," said Simmons. "So we are disappointed he is not playing but a little bit happy that we are not going to bowl to him all the time," he added. Ajinkya Rahane, who is standing in as captain for Kohli, said his side will have to fight for victory. "We are not going to take Afghanistan lightly. They have a decent team," he told reporters. "As a Test team we cannot take anyone for granted because cricket is a funny game. We want to go out there and be ruthless. "We are going to focus on our strengths, our positives. We are not thinking about Afghanistan as well: yes, we respect them as our opponent but it s important for us to go out there and give more than our 100 per cent," said the batsman. Rahane said it would be an "honour" for every Indian to be part of the match and acknowledge Afghanistan s big moment in cricket.


Thursday, 14 June, 2018

uS, Mexico aNd caNada to HoSt 2026 WorLd cup ZÜRICH

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HE United States, Mexico and Canada won the right to host the 2026 World Cup after easily beating Morocco in a vote by FIFA member nations on Wednesday. The joint North American bid received 134 of the 203 votes, while Morocco polled 65 in the ballot at a FIFA Congress held in Moscow on the eve of the 2018 World Cup. Global football's showpiece event will return to the North American continent for the first time since 1994 when the United States hosted the tournament. Bid leader Carlos Cordeiro said his team was "humbled by the trust our colleagues in the FIFA family have put in our bid" and his tournament had an opportunity to put football "on a new and sustainable path for generations to come." It will be the first World Cup to be expanded to 48 teams, posing an enormous logistical challenge for the hosts. FIFA President Gianni Infantino was believed to have strongly backed the North American bid behind the scenes because the trio of countries involved backed him in 2016 when he took over after the corruption-tainted reign of Sepp Blatter. CLEAR CHOICE: Delegates had been faced with a clear choice in the 2026 vote. The joint North American bid boasted modern, established stadiums and well-developed transport links underpinned by Mexican football fervour. Morocco, on the other hand, promised a "European" World Cup in Africa, playing on its proximity to

Europe and an appeal to take the tournament back to the African continent for just the second time. But compared to North America, Morocco's bid existed largely on paper -- many stadiums and roads would have had to have been built and critics questioned how it would have coped with expanded tournament. FIFA inspectors classified the north African nation's stadiums, accommodation and transport as "high risk", awarding it just 2.7 out of five in an evaluation report, with concerns raised over several critical aspects. They warned "the amount of new infrastructure required for the Morocco 2026 bid to become reality cannot be overstated". The report made the US-

Sarfraz now holds highest t20 win percentage as captain spORTs DEsK Sarfraz Ahmed now holds the highest win percentage as a captain in T20 Internationals, said International Cricket Council (ICC) on Wednesday. According to the council, last night’s victory against Scotland was 18th for Sarfraz as Pakistan captain and no one has the better percentage than him. “Last night's victory against Scotland was Sarfraz Ahmed's 18th as Pakistan T20I captain - no-one has a better win percentage as captain,” ICC tweeted. On Tuesday, Pakistan defeated Scotland by 48 runs in the first T20 match at Edinburgh. Scotland were unable to repeat the heroics which earned them a first-ever ODI victory over England as Pakistan produced a dominant all-round display at The Grange. Pakistan has won all six of their last T20 games, with a record of just three defeats in last 21 matches.

Canada-Mexico bid the clear favourite after rating it four out of five, and Morocco was not able to bridge the gap. The 1994 World Cup in the United States set an attendance record that still stands, with nearly 3.6 million spectators for only 52 matches. $11 BILLION PROFIT PLEDGE: That suggests that North American bid leaders' promises to deliver a record $11 billion profit for the 2026 tournament are feasible. The North American bid had feared it could lose out if the FIFA vote became a referendum on the popularity of US President Donald Trump. Trump had tweeted threats that if countries did not support the North American bid, they could not

expect US support on other issues. That prompted Cordeiro to urge FIFA members ahead of the vote to make their decision on the "merits" of the bid, "not geopolitics". The decision will be a shot in the arm for football, or soccer, in the US, after the national team failed to qualify for the 2018 finals in a huge setback for the game there. Football-crazy Mexico hosted in 1970 and in 1986, the tournament remembered for Diego Maradona's "Hand of God" goal. The vote result was a bitter blow for Morocco after a fifth failure to win the right to host the World Cup. In 2010 it lost out to South Africa as the African continent hosted for the first time. The US was defeated by Qatar in 2022 in a vote now tarnished by corruption allegations that spelled the beginning of the end of the once allpowerful FIFA president Blatter. It prompted an overhaul of the rules. Whereas previously the 24 members of the FIFA Executive Committee used to determine World Cup races, the host is now decided by a vote of individual FIFA member nations. Morocco bid leader Hicham El Amrani argued its 12 host cities are "very close to each other, with for example Casablanca a maximum 500 kilometres (310 miles) from another venue" compared to the vast distances involved in North America. The Moroccan bid had enlisted the support of the British communications agency that helped London and Paris land the 2012 and 2024 Olympics. France, in particular, lobbied behind the scenes for Frenchspeaking Morocco and the bid had the support of most African nations.

England stars given World Cup security briefing LONDON AGENCIES

England's World Cup stars have been given a briefing by security experts on how to stay safe from hackers during the tournament in Russia. Gareth Southgate's players and his coaching staff received advice from GCHQ's National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) on how to protect their personal information and possessions. Russian hackers have wreaked havoc with global cyberattacks in recent years, including targeting top British cyclist Bradley Wiggins, and the English Football Association called in the experts in a bid to avoid any World Cup security breaches. According to a Daily Mail report, protective software has been added to the team's mobile phones and devices which will only be removed on their return to England. During the recent seminar at the FA's headquarters in St George's

Park, England's players -- who arrived in Russia on Tuesday -were advised not to access their online bank accounts while away and to avoid any online activity that could embarrass them if it went public due to hacking. Players including England captain Harry Kane were also told how to hide their belongings in their hotel rooms, while English fans travelling to Russia got a security warning of their own.

"The NCSC is providing expert cyber security advice to the Football Association ahead of their departure to Russia for the 2018 FIFA World Cup," an NCSC spokesperson said. "A recent NCSC blog highlighted advice for fans using devices while abroad, which should be read alongside existing FCO Travel Advice and guidance offered on the 'Be on the Ball: World Cup 2018' website."

SPORTS 15

roger federer beatS MiScHa Zverev oN coMeback NEWs DEsK Roger Federer made a winning return to tennis as he beat Mischa Zverev in the second round of the Mercedes Cup. Federer won 3-6 6-4 6-2 in Stuttgart after he missed the clay-court season in order to be ready for Wimbledon. During his two and a half months out, he has dropped to second in the world rankings, behind Spain’s Rafael Nadal. But the 36year-old will regain top spot if he reaches the final in Germany and faces either Guido Pella or Prajnesh Gunneswaran in the last eight. Federer, who has won 20 Grand Slam titles, was playing for the first time since losing to Australia’s Thanasi Kokkinakis in the second round of the Miami Open on 24 March. The Swiss, who had a bye in the first round, made a poor start against German Zverev, 30, losing his first set on grass since a defeat by Tommy Haas in this competition last year. But the reigning Wimbledon champion took the second set and broke Zverev’s serve twice in the deciding set to move into the quarter-finals. This is only the fifth tournament Federer has played this season. He won the Australian Open in January, the ABN Amro World Tennis Tournament in Rotterdam in February and reached the final of Indian Wells in March. Federer has won Wimbledon eight times and this year’s tournament starts on 2 July. India’s Gunneswaran, ranked 169th in the world, caused an upset on Wednesday with a 7-6 (8-6) 2-6 6-3 victory over sixth seed Denis Shapovalov of Canada, the world number 23.

pakiStaN to HoSt eigHt pSL MatcHeS Next year NEWs DEsK Eight matches of Pakistan Super League’s (PSL) 2019 edition will be played in the country, Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) decided after its meeting with all stakeholders. A press release issued by the tournament's management said, "All franchises expressed full confidence in PCB’s attempts to bring more PSL matches to Pakistan. It was decided that at least eight matches will be held in Pakistan next year." The decision was taken during a meeting between the officials of the board and PSL franchises in Lahore on Tuesday. Earlier, it was reported that the board was looking to host the PSL entirely in Pakistan. The idea was considered due to an increase in number of T20 leagues being hosted in the United Arab Emirates. However, the meeting decided against it. The officials also discussed the delay in payments by the league franchises. Pakistan hosted the final of PSL 2017 in Lahore and two eliminators of PSL 2018 were held in Lahore and the final was played in Karachi. Moreover, the governing council expressed its concerns over a newly announced T20 league taking place in the UAE. It was decided that PCB will not allow any contracted players to take part in any T20 league taking place in the UAE other than PSL. An increase in the salary cap of PSL squads was discussed in detail and approved in principle. The meeting was informed that five franchises have cleared all dues. A firm commitment was made by the sixth franchise that all remaining dues shall be cleared shortly.

England agree to handshake as Australia go on charm offensive LONDON AGENCIES

Australia captain Tim Paine says his players will shake hands with their England rivals before Wednesday’s clash at The Oval as the tourists aim to heal the wounds of their recent balltampering scandal. Paine is on a charm offensive following the revelations of Australian cheating on their tour of South Africa in March. Ahead of Australia’s one-day international meeting with England — their first competitive match since the scandal-ridden tour — Paine asked Eoin Morgan if the teams could have a pre-match handshake on the field.

England one-day captain Morgan has agreed to the request, but only for the opening game of the five-match series. “They don’t have to do it but it’s something we want to bring in at the start of a series, not before every game,” Paine said on Tuesday. Australia skipper Steve Smith and his deputy David Warner were banned for a year over the ball-tampering incident in the third Test against South Africa, paving the way for Paine to take over the captaincy. Cameron Bancroft, who doctored a ball with sandpaper during South Africa’s win in Cape Town, was also banned for nine months by Cricket Australia. Australia head coach Darren

Lehmann lost his job after the shocking incident that rocked the sport. Morgan confirmed England will agree to Australia’s request, with the hosts ready to help advance a positive view of the game after such a torrid period. “I’m absolutely happy with that, it doesn’t bother me,” Morgan said. “They are trying to turn around the image of the game in their country, and we´re all for that. “We want cricket to be as popular as ever.” Australia know they must build bridges across the cricketing world in order to repair reputations and trust. New Australia coach Justin Langer has vowed his team will respect the line between banter and abuse in the series against England.

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Thursday, 14 June, 2018

NEWS

The Rs10m jeT RiDe IMRAN’S CHARTERED JET FLIGHT TO SAUDI ARABIA IN ORDER TO PERFORM UMRAH FUNDED BY PRIVATE DONORS lahorE

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HE private jet that took Imran Khan, his wife and close aides to Saudi Arabia to perform Umrah on Monday has incurred a cost of around Rs 10 million though who has paid for it has not yet been disclosed. Media reports have claimed that the chartered aircraft to Saudi Arabia cost Rs800,000 per hour. With a total flight time of around 13 hours, the total cost adds up to more than Rs 10 million. The plane first flew from Islamabad to Lahore to bring Imran’s family to the city, from where the group left for Saudi Arabia. According to reports, Civil Aviation Authority said that the total duration of PTI chairman’s flight was 13 hours with an estimated expense of around Rs10 million. The expenses include the fare of the aircraft as well as fuel charges, etc. Imran and his wife Bushra Maneka, along

with PTI chief’s close aides Zulfi Bukhari and Aleem Khan, arrived in Saudi Arabia on June 11. The group flew to Saudi Arabia from Rawalpindi's Nur Khan airbase via a chartered flight. FUNDED BY PRIVATE DONORS: Speaking to Pakistan Today, PTI Spokesperson Fawad Chaudhary confirmed that the jet has been chartered by the party through a private company based out of Karachi. He added that the plane has been chartered for two months for chairman’s use in the run up to the elections. He also added that the cost for the plane was being funded by private donors. “We have chartered the plane for Chairman Imran Khan’s use during the election campaign, just like we did the last time,” Fawad said. When asked whether party funds were being used for the purpose, the spokesman denied it, adding that certain private donors were providing funds to pay for the plane. On the names of the donors, Fawad replied that he would have to seek permission from party high-ups to reveal the names of the donors. Earlier, in a talk show on a private news channel, PTI leader Faisal Vawda said that the jet was chartered by the party for the entire election campaign. Some reports had earlier claimed that PTI leader Aleem Khan, who accompanied Imran to Saudi Arabia for Umrah, was paying for the expenses incurred by the jet.

ZULFI’S NAME ON ECL: Zulfiqar Bukhari, Imran’s close aide, was stopped from boarding the plane on Monday, causing a delay of around 3 hours. However, he was allowed to travel to Saudi Arabia when he sought permission from the ministry for traveling with a ‘one-time exemption’. As per a letter issued by the interior ministry, onetime “permission” was given to Bukhari for six days to perform Umrah. Media reports say that the interior ministry had ordered the immigration authorities to let Bukhari board the flight after FIA officials had stopped him from as his name was placed on the Exit Control List. Azam Khan, the caretaker minister for interior, also happens to be on the board of Imran Khan Foundation (IKF). Azam, who took oath as caretaker interior minister on June 5, is listed as board member of IKF, according to the website of the foundation. Meanwhile, Caretaker Prime Minister Nasirul Mulk on Wednesday sought a report from the Interior Ministry over removal of Bukhari’s name from ECL in such an abrupt manner. Reports stated that federal interior secretary removed Bukhari’s name from the blacklist. On the other hand, Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz (PML-N) leader Khawaja Asif has said that Imran allegedly used public money for his visit, and asked Imran to ‘at least perform Umrah with your own money’.

Don’t be scared, commando! Umair Sohail “How can a commando be so afraid?” the top court asked while giving retired Gen Pervez Musharraf until tomorrow to present himself. CJP Nisar was unhappy with the former army chief’s indecisiveness to return home. “If Pervez Musharraf is a commando, he should show us by returning instead of continuously parroting like a politician that he will return," the top judge challenged. Right when PTI’s political head in KP Pervez Khattak may have been planning to earn his second turn on the throne, SNGPL spilt the beans before the ECP and informed that the ex-CM of KP owes over Rs180mn to the company. Not only Khattak, but ANP leader Haji Ghulam Ahmed Bilour and PPP’s Hamid Saeed Kazmi are also on the list of ‘defaulters’. PML-N’s Lodhran trump card, who secured an upset defeat over Jehangir Tareen’s son, has surprisingly decided to join PTI after his small tenure as a lawmaker from NA-161. Iqbal Shah, who had contested the by-poll as independent candidate, is said to have been neglected by PML-N’s subgroup. Interestingly though, he received the PTI ticket after a meeting with his exrival Tareen. “There’s nothing special in PTI chief Imran Khan’s 11-point agenda,” Farzana, leader of All Pakistan Transgender Election Network in KP exclaimed at a press conference. Farzana and her companions have urged the caretaker setup and ECP to make sure proper facilities including

maximum security for transgender persons and their properties on the election day July 25. She added that 11 transgender persons will be participating in the polls, demanding their due representation in Parliament as well as equal rights for the community through legislation. With the elections date nearing, the expectations of PTI from the caretaker government and ECP have piled up. ECP should remove NADRA chairman and take notice of the alleged leakage of sensitive information from the body, said a letter sent to the chief election commissioner by PTI Information Secretary Fawad Chaudhry. The leading opposition party expressed its lack of satisfaction with the current arrangements, demanding of the commission to ensure supremacy of democracy by reviewing the machinery being used. PTI has started reversing and reviewing its initial list of candidates. While new names for remaining seats are yet to be announced, sources said, several issued tickets are likely to be withdrawn. It is expected that with the passage of time, there would be a number of changes in the final list of candidates owing to frequent criticism from various circles. ECP may have refused to accept MML’s participation in upcoming polls, however, the candidates of the front have other options. It was earlier reported that JuD decided to contest on the platform of a “dormant” political entity named Allaha-u-Akbar Tehreek (AAT) which is registered with the election body.

PAKISTAN SEAL SERIES AS FAHEEM, MALIK DOMINATE

EDINBURGH: Pakistan seal series 2-0 after Shoaib Malik’s 49 and Faheem Ashraf three-for dominate Scotland in second T20I. The hosts lose by 84 runs after dismal 82 all-out. STORY ON PAGE 03 Published by Arif Nizami at Qandeel Printing Press, 4 Queens Road, Lahore. Ph: 042-36300938, 042-36375965. Email: newsroom@pakistantoday.com.pk

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