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14 July, 2019 I 10 Zul-Qadah, 1440 I Rs 25.00 I Vol X No 15 I 84 Pages I Karachi Edition

Traders shuT down markeTs across PakisTan g


most businesses remain shut in lahore, karachi, peshawar and quetta in protest against ‘unfair’ taxes levied by govt karachi witnesses partial strike as differences emerge in trader bodies



lcci endorses call for strike as district admin fails to convince businessmen

islamabad traders lament govt’s apathy, say ‘4.1 million registered traders have been ignored’

‘Pakistan mafia pressurises judiciary to keep laundered money safe’: PM g

maryam says pm himself is part of ‘mafia that pressurises judges into targeting and punishing political opponents’


karachi’s saddar MarkET: online



staff report

countrywide shutter-down strike was observed by traders in all part of the country in a protest against the “antibusiness measures” taken by the federal government in the budget for the current financial year. The traders demanded that the “unfair taxes” be withdrawn, especially the valueadded tax on traders. According to media reports, the strike was partially successful in Karachi, while in Peshawar its success rate was 98 per cent, with Lahore and Quetta trailing behind at 90 and 95pc, respectively. It is pertinent to mention here that the Karachi-based businessmen and traders were the first to give a nationwide call for the shutter-down strike about three weeks ago, but they were stalled after the government attempted to negotiate. However, the prime minister’s visit to Karachi failed to appease traders after he refused to withdraw CNIC condition for sale and purchase activities. PUNJAB: Most areas of Lahore remained

lahorE’s brandrETh road: zubair Mehfooz

closed during the day. A shutter-down strike was observed in areas, including Hall Road, Mall Road, Liberty Market, Bedian Road, Ferozepur Road, Sarafa Bazaar and Jail Road; a few shops, however, were open and catered to customers on these roads. Business activities in Anarkali, Badami Bagh, Montgomery Road, and McLeod Road remained fully functional. The Lahore administration and the traders tried to negotiate, however, the city admin failed to convince the protesting traders. The strike in Lahore was also backed by the Lahore Chamber of Commerce. Similarly, other markets in other cities — Gujarat, Faisalabad, Multan, Muzaffargarh, Dera Ghazi Khan, Layyah, Chakwal, Khanewal, Sahiwal, Harappa, Chichawatni, Mian Chunnu, Vehari, Shorkot, and Rajanpur — were closed. There were few exceptions though. In Mianwali, Nurpur Thal, Tonsa Shareef, and Khanqah Dogran continued work as per routine. SINDH: In Karachi, major markets held a shutter-down strike. “The strike call was given on the basis of a host of unresolved issues, ranging from an increase in be bracket of taxable income to

the mandatory procurement of national identity cards (NICs) from customers conducting transactions worth Rs5 million or above,” said All Karachi Tajir Ittehad (AKTI) Chairman Atiq Mir, who represents around 450 markets in the city. Speaking to a local media outlet, Mir claimed that authorities had tried to get markets opened at a few select places and also [tried to] misled media about the strike. “By increasing the sales tax on retail and asking traders to give a record of every sale and purchase, traders have been compelled to take this drastic action,” he said, adding that he regretted the situation as he understood that such strikes result in financial losses to many parties and not just one. However, the Karachi Tajir Action Committee (KTAC) expressed displeasure over the strike, calling it unreasonable as the government had accepted 10 out of their 11 demands. ISLAMABAD: Traders in Islamabad also joined the traders across the country in protests. A complete shutter-down strike was observed in the federal capital after the government failed to contact smaller traders for talks.

IHC to take up plea against Al-Aziza verdict on Sept 18


pml-n’s abbasi rejects judge’s claims of bribery and intimidation STORY ON BACK PAGE

PTI govt starts Iqama probe against Kh Asif STORY ON BACK PAGE

no-trust motion: senate secretariat objects to opp’s requisition STORY ON PAGE 03

World Bank court orders Pakistan pay $5.8bn damages to Tethyan Copper g

company maintains it had invested more than $220m in reko diq by the time govt, in 2011, refused to grant lease


pakistan loses appeal against broadsheet, asked to pay $33m STORY ON PAGE 02

FilE phoTo



CMYK Sunday, 14 July, 2019


IHC To TaKe uP Plea agaInST al-azIza verDICT on SePT 18 iSLamaBad


Staff rePort

He Islamabad High Court (IHC) will take up former prime minister Nawaz Sharif’s plea against AlAzizia verdict and the National Accountability Bureau’s (NAB) plea challenging Nawaz’s acquittal in Flagship reference on September 18. In December 2018, Accountability Judge Arshad Malik convicted Nawaz Sharif in the Al-Azizia reference and acquitted him in the Flagship reference. The former premier was sentenced to seven-year rigorous imprisonment and also disqualified from public office for a period of 10 years. The appeals will be heard by an IHC division bench comprising acting IHC Chief Justice Amir Farooq and Justice Mohsin Akhtar Kayani.

The development comes a day after the presiding judge in the two cases was removed by the IHC after a leaked video claimed that the judge ruled against the former PM under pressure from certain quarters. Though, the statement was denied by the judge, Arshad Malik, in a press release and later an affidavit, he was still repatriated to the Lahore High Court. The high court has also ordered to attach the affidavit of Arshad Malik with the appeals of the former prime minister and other ac-

Shehbaz skips court hearing ISlAmAbAd: Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) President Shehbaz Sharif here on Saturday did not appear before the accountability court in Ashiana Iqbal Housing scam case. Shehbaz Sharif’s counsel filed a plea in the accountability court on behalf of his client to grant him exemption from court appearance. Shehbaz Sharif’s counsel told the court that the PML-N leader was not well due to backache and his doctor had advised him to take rest. The court granted him exemption from appearing on medical grounds. However, co-accused Fawad Hassan Fawad and Ahad Cheema were presented before the court. The court later adjourned the hearing of the case till July 24. It may be noted here that the PML-N chief skipped NAB hearing on Friday owing to back pain. aPP

cused against the judgements in the two corruption references. In the backdrop of Malik’s removal, the PML-N was gunning for an immediate hearing on Nawaz’s appeal against the Al-Azizia conviction. However, the ex-PM now faces a wait of a little over two months as the IHC’s summer vacations run from July 8 to September 9. CONTROVERSY: PML-N Vice President Maryam Nawaz had presented a video during a press conference wherein the NAB judge could be purportedly heard admitting that he sentenced Nawaz under duress. She demanded immediate acquittal of her father in the light of the said video. However, the judge denied the claims, saying his words were twisted by the PML-N. In fact, in a statement, he had gone on to accuse the PML-N leadership of intimidating him during the course of the trial. His subsequent affidavit also

repeated the same allegations. He claimed that PML-N representatives Nasir Janjua and Mahar Jilani had offered him hefty bribes in exchange for a favourable verdict in the corruption references and had threatened him with dire consequences if he failed to comply. “Nasir Janjua claimed that he had the cash of equivalent of Rs100 million in euros for me immediately available out of which the euro equivalent of Rs20 million was laying in his car parked outside,” he said, adding that he denied the bribe while remaining committed to giving the verdict on merit. He said that the bribe was soon followed by a threat of physical harm from Nasir Butt, who had told him that “Mian Nawaz Sharif had helped him avoid punishment for 4-5 murders he had committed and he was willing to go to any extent to help Mian Sahib in the trials he was facing”.

SJC issues show-cause notice to Justice Isa: report The Supreme Judicial Council has decided to issue show-cause notices to two top judges – Supreme Court judge Qazi Faez Isa and the Sindh High Court (SHC) judge KK Agha — for allegedly concealing offshore properties, reported a local media outlet. SJC still has to issue a statement on this. The case against the two judges has been underway in the apex judicial body despite reservations by the lawyers, who say the references filed by the president are based on mala fide intent. A five-member larger SJC bench headed by Chief Justice of Pakistan Asif Saeed Khosa and comprising Apex Court’s Justice Gulzar Ahmed and Justice Sheikh Azmat Saeed, Sindh High Court’s Chief Justice Ahmed Ali M Shaikh and Peshawar High Court’s Chief Justice Waqar Ahmed heard the case. On Friday, Attorney General for Pakistan (AGP) Anwar Mansoor Khan submitted documents as evidence to establish allegations of misconduct against the judges. The government had filed references against two in

the SJC in May after complaints were received against them of concealing their assets. President Arif Alvi had forwarded the references to the SJC following which the top judicial forum sought AGP Mansoor Ali Khan’s assistance over the complaint. Justice Isa is accused of allegedly possessing three properties in the name of his wife and children and Justice K. K. Agha of the SHC is said to have in his possession two properties in the United Kingdom. The decision to try judges in the SJC was condemned by the lawyer bodies across the country, which called out the government for filing the reference against the judges with a mala fide intent. In this regard, the Supreme Court Bar Association President Amanullah Kanrani had given a call to observe July 2 as a ‘black day’ in protest against the reference. A partial strike was also witnessed at the Islamabad High Court Bar and the district bar association; however, lawyers appeared for some urgent cases. NewS DeSk

Kashmiris observe Martyrs’ Day SRINAGAR: Kashmiris on both sides of the Line of Control and the world over observed Kashmir Martyrs’ Day on Saturday to reaffirm the pledge to continue the mission of their martyrs till the achievement of the inalienable right to selfdetermination. According to Kashmir Media Service, the day was marked by complete shutdown in occupied Kashmir. Call for the shutdown had been given by the Joint Resistance Leadership. The JRL had also called for a march towards the Martyrs’ Graveyard at Naqashband Sahib in Srinagar where martyrs of 1931 are buried. On the 13th of July 1931, the troops of Dogra Maharaja had killed 22 Kashmiris, one after the other, outside Central Jail in Srinagar during the court proceedings against one Abdul Qadeer who had asked Kashmiri people to defy the Dogra rule. Thousands of people had gathered outside the court to show their solidarity with Abdul Qadeer. As the time for obligatory Zuhr prayers approached, one of the youth stood up and started reciting Azan. He was shot dead by the Dogra soldiers and next youth started the Azan where it was left by the martyred youth. He was also killed and in the process of completing the Azaan a total of 22 Kashmiris were martyred, one after the other. The occupation authorities had placed the Chairman of Hurriyat forum, Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, under house arrest while the All Parties Hurriyat Chairman Syed Ali Gilani is already under house detention since 2010. As per schedule, the Mirwaiz was to lead a procession from Srinagar’s historic Jamia Masjid to the Martyrs’ Graveyard at Naqashband Sahib. The authorities had also imposed restrictions in Srinagar by deploying Indian troops and police personnel in strength to forestall the march. iNP

KP CM for timely completion of Swat Motorway ISlAmAbAd: Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Chief Minister Mahmood Khan has directed the concerned authorities to ensure timely completion of Swat Motorway adding that flagship projects of the incumbent government will prove to be a major economic boost for the entire country. The chief minister has intimated that he will soon hold an inspection visit of the project, adding that the design revision of the second phase of the project from Chakdara to Mingora and final design for the phase 3 of the project from Mingora to Chakri Bagh Dheri should also be completed by September this year. The chief minister has further directed to ensure timely construction and blacktopping of 35.25 KM Mingora to Malam Jabba road further directing that a separate presentation should be given on the feasibility of Peshawar to DI Khan Motorway. While chairing a meeting regarding development of communication infrastructure in the province, the chief minister stated that Peshawar to DI Khan motorway would ensure access of the newly merged tribal districts to major routes which will boost trade and commerce. The meeting was also attended by Special Assistant to Prime Minister Iftikhar Durrani, Minister Information Shaukat Yousafzai, Minister C&W Akbar Ayub Khan, Secretary C&W, MD Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Highways Authority and other officials. Staff rePort

Traders shut down markets across Pakistan continued from page 01 All Pakistan Traders Association (APTA) President Ajmal Baloch said that Federal Board of Revenue and government only hold talks with chambers and avoids smaller traders. He said “4.1 million registered traders have been ignored” by the government. “Today’s shutter-down is not only being observed by traders, in fact, it also channels the voice of consumers,” he added. KHYbER PAKHTUNKHWA: Residents in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) province suffered immensely because of the closing of shops of the edible commodities, as the strike almost crippled the daily routine. Other than Peshawar, business areas in cities, including Swabi, Mardan, Nowshera, Swat, Dera Ismail (DI) Khan, Khyber, Bannu, Lower Dir, and Kohat, remained closed. In Kohat, the traders’ community protested the budget reforms and took to the streets on the call of the central leadership of the trader federations on Saturday, with all the markets and shopping malls being closed in the morning. They

LAHORE: A view of closed markets in the provincial capital as traders’ observe shutter down strike against implementation of 17% VAT. zubair mehfooz

were however opened later in the day. The main procession was taken out by the representative trade unions which

was participated by the political activists of mainstream political organisations, as well as members of civil society.


The speakers, including trades union leaders, criticised the government saying that budget 2019-20 was against the

wishes of Pakistani people. Moreover, shops were also closed in Tank with strikes reported from Kulachi, Draban, and Pharpur, Ramak, and other adjoining areas. Tight security measures were being adopted by the police administrations during the protests. bAlOCHISTAN: Traders in Balochistan, including Quetta, also supported the strike call and activities remained ceased in the main areas of the provincial capital, such as Mini Market, Nawa Kali, Saryab Road, Joint Road, and Bacha Khan Chowk. Other cities in the province, including Hub, Chaman, Gwadar, Sibbi, Kalat, Kachlak, Ziarat, and Qila Abdullah followed the suit. While critics opined that the strike is simply an effort of the traders to blackmail the government into maintaining the status quo through the undocumented economy to evade income taxes, citizens also sang the same tune on social media, raising eyebrows on the motive behind the strike. They accused the traders of ‘corruption’ by attempting to hide their tax liabilities by refusing to let the government document their activities.

CMYK Sunday, 14 July, 2019

NEWS Kartarpur corridor in final stages


SenaTe SeCreTarIaT oBjeCTS To oPP’S requISITIon


eCReTARIAT of the Upper House of the parliament has objected to the opposition’s requisition in wake of the no-trust motion against Senate Chairman Sadiq Sanjarani, a private media outlet reported Saturday. According to reports, action on the resolution has, for now, been put on halt and the Senate session is likely to be delayed further. In its letter to the opposition, the secretariat said that two requisitions were submitted with signatures of

the same members, which was against the rules. It also asked the opposition as to which requisition does it want to be processed first. “No action will be taken until an answer is filed,” the letter stated. Meanwhile, Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) Senator Sherry Rehman and Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz’s (PML-N) Raja Zafarul Haq have rejected the objections. In a statement issued later in the day, Sherry maintained that the opposition had only submitted one req-

uisition, while the second was the no-confidence motion against the chairman. Haq, on the other hand, said that three documents were submitted, which included a no-confidence notice, the no-trust motion and a requisition to summon a session of the Upper House. NO-TRUST mOTION: The joint opposition on Tuesday had submitted in the Senate a resolution against incumbent Chairman Sanjrani in a bid to oust him. It had also urged for a requisition of the Upper House session at

the earliest. The opposition is in a comfortable numerical position to turn the tables on the ruling coalition if it goes ahead with its decision to vote out Sanjrani. As per the calculations, the opposition parties, in the 103member House, enjoy the support of 61 senators while the governing alliance has the backing of 40 members. The chairman can be removed by the majority of the total membership. Thus, the support of at least 52 senators will be required to carry the noconfidence motion. NewS DeSk

Judge’s video will isolate Maryam, claims Rasheed ‘Puppets dictate’ in naya Pakistan, says Bilawal Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) Chairman Bilawal Bhutto-Zardari on Saturday said that the common man has to struggle as a dictatorship of puppets is ruling in the name of ‘naya Pakistan’ and that attacks were being made on democratic, economic and human rights of the public. While speaking at a press conference here, the PPP leader said the government is shying away from elections in order to conspire against rival candidates. He said it is a reality that candidates are being pressurized in Ghotki by-elections but the PPP would defeat these conspiracies. “We know our competitors like selection instead of elections, adding that verdict on the case of a candidate would be announced on July 16 while the election is on July 18,” he further said. earlier, Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) wrote reservations to Chief Justice Asif Saeed Khosa over by-election in National Assembly constituency NA-205 Ghotki in a letter saying that nomination papers of PP candidates were harshly scrutinised before getting approved. NewS DeSk

Traders strike materialisation of Imran’s lock-down dream: Shehbaz lAHORE: Leader of Opposition in the National Assembly Shehbaz Sharif on Saturday said that Prime Minister Imran Khan’s ‘longstanding dream’ of shutting down the entire country has materialised in the shape of a countrywide strike of the traders. The Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz (PML-N) president likening the sit-in of the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) in 2014 that had paralysed the federal capital with the traders’ strike against taxes. “If the government tried to put me under house arrest, I assure you, we’ll lock down the entire country,” Khan had said at a PTI workers’ convention held in Lahore in August 2014. Shehbaz said that the ‘selected’ government came to power after stealing the public mandate and in less than one year they have sold the nation to the IMF. He further said that Nawaz Sharif-led government “worked day and night” and eradicated load-shedding and cleaned the country from the plague of terrorism. Staff rePort


Minister for Railways Sheikh Rasheed Ahmad on Saturday Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz (PML-N) leader Maryam Nawaz destroyed has her party and no one would stand with her in the current video scandal. Addressing a press conference here at the PR Headquarters, he said that the judges were honest, respectful and truly professional people and they should not be made controversial by any party. To a question, he said that upcoming ninety days would be important in national politics. He predicted that Senate chairman election would be very tough; however, Sadiq Sanjrani once again will win it. He also said that the Pakistan Army and the judiciary were custodians of democracy and security of Pakistan. To a question about the strike by traders, he said that peaceful strike was

right of every citizen. earlier, while talking about the recent train accident in Rahim Yar Khan, he expressed his sorrow over the deaths of 24 persons. He said that an initial action against the driver, assistant driver of the train and station master had been started over negligence. “All divisional superintendents have been directed to complete interviews for drivers recruitment so that shortage of drivers could be fulfilled. The minister said the current railway administration had reduced Rs 5 billion deficit and six million more passengers expressed their trust in the railways. He said a new train Mianwli express from Lahore would be introduced soon. He said the railways had collected damaged 278 coaches from several places and out of them 100 coaches would be reconditioned. He said that escalators for old people would be installed at rail-

way stations. “Our main focus would be on improvement of the track in future which would be a milestone in the history of the railways,” he said. The minister said that cameras would be installed in the locomotives for the security of trains. The minister said that all railway crossings would be changed with underpasses or flyovers for the safety of the people. He said that the infrastructure of the railways was neglected during the last 10 years. He said that M-2, M-3 and M-4 would also be upgraded soon and tenders in this regard had been floated in newspapers.


Who will put railways on track newS deSk ever since Sheikh Rasheed became the railways minister after the PTI came to power, Pakistan Railways have witnessed numerous accidents, with PML-N’s Khurram Dastgir saying in a TV show that the number stood at 78.

Sadiqabad accident was latest and the deadliest in the recent past, with 24 people losing their lives and scores getting injured. Though there were calls for the resignation of Rasheed as the head of the railways ministry, an initial report pins the blame on the driver and the assistant driver

of after a passenger train rammed into a parked goods train in Rahim Yar Khan, Punjab. Here are all the major train accidents to take place since Sept 2018: September 16, 2018: Nine bogies of the Peshawar-bound Khushal Khan Khattak express from Karachi derailed near Attock. 20 passengers were injured. September 27, 2018: Another Peshawar-bound train derailed in which 11 bogies overturned in Sehwan, Sindh. December 18, 2018: 12 children were injured as a passenger train crashed into a school van near Narowal, Punjab. Local witnesses said the accident happened due to dense fog and because the gate at the crossing was left open. June 9, 2019: Twentythree bogies of a Karachibound freight train derailed in Sukkur. June 20, 2019: Three people were killed when a passenger train collided with a stationary cargo train at Makli Shah, near Hyderabad.


Pakistan is all-set to finish off work on Kartarpur corridor as the construction has entered its final phase. According to reports, the construction and renovation work will be completed in November on the eve of 550 birth anniversary of Baba Guru Nanak.The construction work of a bridge on the River Ravi has been completed, while putting concrete on the road is also in final stages, said media reports quoting sources. The 60 per cent of the construction work of the building at Gurdwara Sahab Complex has been completed; the construction will be completed by November 2019. The Kartarpur corridor will provide visa-free access to Indian Sikh pilgrims to the Gurdwara in Kartarpur Sahib – a small town in Narowal, four kilometers from the Pakistan-India border, where Sikhism founder Baba Guru Nanak spent the last 18 years of his life. PM Khan had laid the foundation stone of Kartarpur corridor to link Gurdwara Darbar Sahib in Pakistan with India’s Gurdaspur district, on Nov 28, 2018. Former Indian cricketer and member of Punjab cabinet Navjot Singh Sidhu and other Indian ministers were also present at the occasion. A group of Indian journalists and international media were also in attendance to cover the unprecedented event. NewS DeSk

HeC rejects media reports of quandary in varsity Wi-Fi project



ISlAmAbAd: The Higher education Commission (HeC) has rejected the allegations in a news item entitled “HeC project to equip varsities with Wi-Fi yet to be completed”, terming it false and misleading information. “The HeC Smart University project is proceeding well ahead of its schedule and within its approved budget. It is one of the fastest executed programmes in the Asia Pacific region. Any allegation to the contrary is completely false and without foundation. The project was approved in 2015, at a total cost of Rs2.4 billion. There is no change in the contract cost since then. Work on the project started in 2016 and is scheduled to be completed in eight years, i.e. 2024. The allocation is to be spent in eight years, and not in the first two or three years of the project. However, the main deployment of the equipment (Phase-I of the project) will be completed in 2019. It is fully on schedule and all targets will be met,” says a statement released by the HeC. The statement further says that the aim of the project is to equip university campuses with blanket WiFi coverage, in order to enable the deployment of other smart instruments as needed. The project has provided a suite of important services to thousands of students and faculty members across the country. This includes blanket wifi coverage, student authentication, guest WiFi portals for visitors, and eduroam; a secure, world-wide roaming access service available in thousands of locations across over 100 countries worldwide. Due to the overwhelmingly positive response from universities, the scope of coverage was expanded to include hostels as well. Staff rePort


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Apollo THe World Cup might not have yielded a victory for Pakistan but certainly has kickstarted the careers of some willing and unwilling social media influencers and memelords. One are the ‘Inna nu pizzay khuwao’ brothers. Don’t be taken in by their L’hori frat boy demeanour. They’re smart. One studies at King’s College, where he heads the student union while the other one is over at the LSe. They are leveraging their social media presence well, by making several mainstream media appearances back here in Pakistan. Then, there is the ‘disappointed bhai jaan’ a fellow who was frustrated at Asif Ali missing a sitter of a catch. He was angry, he later explained to his instant legion of fans, but he didn’t want to be angry in respect of the cricketer’s recent personal family tragedy. As opposed to the earlier mentioned brothers, this fellow didn’t want to become a star but has birthed a series of memes, in a format that won’t die anytime soon. One hopes the fellow gets some brand endorsement cash to compensate for this unwanted exposure. The players themselves birthed the most memes, of course, specially the captain’s infamous yawn on the day of the Pak-India match. even ‘cricket civilians’ who ordinarily don’t watch cricket at all, are full of excitement during PakIndia matches, wherever they are in the world, but our man found the event yawn-able while being on the ground itself. * * * * * * * * * A protest - successful one at that - across the country over rising prices, amongst other things. Apparently the prices of roti, naan have gone up. The government, however, insists that this price hike hasn’t taken place. Our very own Marie Antoinettes just might be in for a reckoning.


Sunday, 14 July, 2019













‘Lukewarm’ response of traders to strike caLL KARACHI APP


lukewarm response was registered on Saturday on part of Karachi based retailers and other sections of traders to the countrywide strike call given for the day by Markaz e Tanzeem Tajiran Pakistan and All Pakistan Tajiran. Traders who as a practice commence their businesses by 12 o clock noon were witnessed to be at their shops as usual with some of them sitting in front of their show rooms with shutters being partially down. Retail shops and general stores in different residential areas, across the metropolis, were reported to had been opened since morning while many of those located in commercial areas appeared to be waiting for initial response of the community to the call given by MTTP, an umbrella organization of different traders’ bodies. Consequently, main markets of surgical goods and medical supplies, handicrafts and decoration items, all major malls and retailers doing their businesses in carpets, garments, shoes along with other consumer items preferred to pull up their shutters. “This is definitely a wise decision as I found potential buyers visiting us and purchasing as per their requirements,” said Sajid Ali, a shop owner in Bohri Bazar. Amjad Hussain from Cooperative Market, Saddar, was of the opinion that Saturday was a bad choice for the strike call as many prefer to do their shopping on this day. Shops at major electronic markets in Clifton, Gulshan e Iqbal and Saddar also preferred not to adopt any extreme stance and were attending to their customers. Business as usual was hence the scenario in Saddar, Main M.A.Jinnah Road, Liaqutabad, Tariq Road, Clifton areas by 14:45 hours. However, major auto-car dealers and traders of associated accessories preferred to keep their business largely suspended. “We are mainly affected due to fresh taxation procedure introduced under the national budget for the year 2019-2020,” said Khalid Shah with his show room at Khalid bin Waleed Road. The daily wage earners and people with modest source of income, expressing their support for the government stance, said the businessmen engaged in luxury good items and earning in millions simply do not want to come under the taxation cover. “You can see almost a similar situation at different gold and silver jewellery markets reflecting their reluctance to pay sales tax in accordance to their actual income,” commented Mohammad Yawar working for a travel agency in the vicinity of Zainab Market.

10 killed in accident HYDERABAD APP

At least 10 people were killed while 24 others received injuries in a head-on collision between a passenger bus and a rickshaw in district Sanghar on Saturday. According to Deputy Commissioner Nisar Ahmed Memon, seven women and three men were among those who lost their lives. The deputy commissioner said on receiving the information about fatal road accident, the district administration arrived and shifted the bodies and injured to hospitals.

KARACHI: A view of close shops at Bolton Market as a section of businessmen and traders stage a shutter-down strike. ONLINE

Ranges apprehend five suspects in Karachi

Bilawal inaugurates IBA’s newlybuilt academic block

KARACHI: Sindh Rangers claimed to have nabbed at least five suspects during raids in various parts of Karachi on Saturday. According to the Rangers spokesperson, the paramilitary forces arrested Farooq, a Lyari gang-war suspect, during a raid in Kalri. He was also involved drug peddling. He further said that three other suspects allegedly involved in street crimes and robberies were arrested in Ittehad Town and Zaman Town. The spokesperson said that a suspect, Hyder alias Fauji was arrested in Shah Faisal Colony. “Weapons, ammunition and snatched valuables have also been recovered from the accused,” he said and added that the accused were handed over to police for further legal action. Earlier on June 16: Rangers had arrested six suspected criminals during separate raids conducted in different parts of Karachi. STAFF REPORT

Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) Chairman Bilawal Bhutto-Zardari inaugurated on Saturday a newly constructed Academic Block III of the Sukkur Institute of Business Administration (IBA). Accompanied by his sister Aseefa Bhutto, Sindh Chief Minister Murad Ali Shah, former CM Syed Qaim Ali Shah, and ex-opposition leader in the National Assembly Syed Khursheed Shah, Mr Bhutto-Zardari visited the university and got a briefing about its laboratory. In a tweet, Adviser to Sindh Chief Minister on Information & Archives, Law and Anti-Corruption Barrister Murtaza Wahab said: “Today, Chairman Bilawal inaugurated its new Academic Block. It’s refreshing to go to a green campus which is now functioning completely on solar.” “IBA Sukkur established by Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto in 1994 has till date produced around 40,000 graduates.”

Levies recover dead body in Pishin

Govt won’t tolerate corruption at any level dept: Wahab

QUETTA: Levies Force recovered a body of man in Tehsil Alizai area of Pishin district on Saturday. According to sources, a team of the force, after receiving an information about presence of a body, reached the site and took the body into custody, which had been dumped in an open area of Harmzai area. The body of the deceased was shifted to provincial civil hospital’s morgue for identification. APP



Adviser to Sindh Chief Minister on Information & Archives, Law and Anti-Corruption Barrister Murtaza Wahab has appreciated the valiant efforts of a team of anti-corruption department’s team led by its Deputy Director (East) for detaining an Exen of Karachi Development Authority (KDA) who was allegedly involved in selling the amenity

plots of the Authority by making fake documents. In a statement issued here on Saturday, Murtaza Wahab said that Sindh government would not tolerate corruption at any level in any of its Department. He commended the whole team of the Department of Anti-Corruption on its successful action. It is worth to mention here that Exen Ghulam Muhammad was allegedly involved in issuing fake

documents while vending amenity plots of the KDA. Furthermore, he was also involved in China Cutting of the amenity plots located in Gulistan-e-Johar and selling the amenity plots of KDA Scheme 36. An FIR had also been registered against the alleged Exen. The Adviser to CM also issued directives for a crackdown against all those officers who were involved in China Cutting of amenity plots.

‘Collective efforts needed to end Balochistan’s backwardness’


Former Provincial Minister, tribal leader candidate of NA-259, Mir Tariq Mehmood

Kethran on Saturday said all stakeholders would take collective measures for addressing problems of public and to remove backwardness of Balochistan. Talking to APP, he said I believe on

serving of public and i am striving to provide basic facilities to them in respective areas of Balochistan because majority of people of province are not available basic amenities including health, education and water in remote respective areas of Balochistan. Tariq Mehmood Khathran said measures would be taken to improve functionality of local government in respective areas of province but functionality of local government is important for development at district level. “Working of local government is being done by Members of National Assembly (MNA) but it is not job of MNA and leaders are responsibility to address main issues of public and to make comprehensive policy for interest of people and country”, he said, adding I would raise this issue in National Assembly when Supreme Court of Pakistan would give verdict in favor of me. He also thanked the Election Com-


mission of Pakistan (ECP) for disqualifying Jamhoori Wattan Party’s (JWP) Chief Shahzain Bugti from National Assembly membership on July 2, 2019 after recounting votes of 29 polling stations, when I had challenged Bugti’s victory under legal process in ECP. He further mentioned sectors including health, education, and agriculture are being weaken due to lack of planning and recommendations in past tenure which would be improved through comprehensive plan of stakeholders for betterment of areas. “Education standard would not be achieved in the province because teachers were recruited through recommendation culture”, he said, saying that education would be promoted in the respective areas on implementation of merit in the area. He said stakeholders should take steps to depoliticize educational and health departments for enhancing performance of these sectors in province,

adding I am trying to ensure merit implementation in sectors while merit implementation is significant for decreasing of corruption from the society which is key sources of development of the areas. He said government would take steps to establish libraries in order to uplift interest of students towards books reading which would be important for uplifting educational sectors in the areas. Replying to a question, he said there is no restoring water system in province which is effecting ground level water in the areas,therefore, our agriculture and livestock is being effected from deficiency of water. He said in this regard, more dams including small and big dams would be constructed through cooperation of federal and provincial government for restoring water in order to improve ground level of water which could be solved issue of problems in the province.

Sunday, 14 July, 2019









A view of closed markets across the country. In addition to Lahore, similar strikes were called in other big business centers, including Karachi, Rawalpindi, and Multan, home to a celebrated ceramics industry. agencies




rom controlling the traffic during political rallies, protests and processions on the busiest roads of Lahore to the day to day traffic management of the city, I think traffic wardens are playing their imperative role in society. I am sure that most of us take the wardens and traffic police for granted while traveling on the roads, but have you ever considered the pressure and strain they take in managing the roads in scorching heat and chilly winters? We need to comprehend the fact that

traffic wardens are present to facilitate the public at large. In the past, we have got to know a lot of incidents where lawyers, influential and other persons thrashed wardens for issuing them challans over violating traffic rules in various parts of the city. Here, I also think that how people, who kept messing up with wardens, deal with the Punjab Safe City Authority (PSCA). I am sure that many who were found fighting with the wardens must be regretting it after the implementation of the e-challan system as no one can escape from it. I have personally experienced that the traffic wardens in Lahore speak very po-

litely to those who violate rules. This facility is now lost after the installation of the cameras by the PSCA. Now, without judging the situation on road, e-challans reach the home of a car owner while previously the traffic wardens listened to the person caught violating traffic rules and sometimes let the matter slip by. I have also seen traffic wardens and their assistants helping people with their vehicles during heavy rains, helping elders and disabled cross the roads amidst heavy traffic and also guiding people about traffic rules and queries. No doubt the Punjab Traffic Police (PTP) is doing a great job. I think that the traffic management on

roads like Ferozepur road, Jail road, mall road, Lawrence road, Johar Town, Cantonment and many other ones seem to be better because of them. I remember there was a time when the entire city seemed jammed during a procession on mall road, but now the traffic management has improved. There was a time when hardly any warden was seen on the busy roads like mall road, Qartaba Chowk, Shadman, and Gulberg, etc. but now we see them standing at all the important points and play a role during the off time of schools and colleges. I think the reforms and policies of the new Chief Traffic officer (CTo) Captain (r) Liaqat Ali malik have

CM inaugurates MobiLe poLiCe KhidMat MaraKaz prograMMe LAHORE StAff REPORt


HIEF minister Usman Buzdar on Saturday inaugurated the police Khidmat marakaz program for 36 districts in the province. on this occasion, he also addressed the participant and said that this project will provide numerous facilities to the citizens, now they don’t have to visit the centres multiple times to obtain documents. Later, to ensure availability of stamp papers, Bank of Punjab (BoP) kiosks will be added along with the centres. He further said that in next phase of the project, on these mobile centres, more facilities like FIr copy, provisional character certificate, renewal of driving licence, tenant registration

could also be availed. He said that Punjab Government is determined to make lives of common citizens easy and would take every step to ensure that new projects are facilitating them. Separately, Buzdar said that PTI is wholeheartedly supporting Chairman Senate Sadiq Sanjrani and the no-trust motion against Sanjrani is like the out of season move. He said the whole nation knows that Sanjrani has run the House in line with democratic and parliamentary norms and traditions. He said every move of the opposition will be responded in a befitting manner and the no-trust move will be failed. He said the seat of the chairman Senate is the legitimate right of Sanjrani who belongs to Balochistan.

Establishment of SPIU on cards to empower EPD LAHORE: Punjab government has decided to establish Strategic Planning & Implementation Unit (SP&IU) to empower the Environmental Protection Department (EPD), which will help address the issues of environmental pollution in the province. An official of Punjab Green Development Program (PGDP), while talking to APP said that SP&IU would help provide better services to overcome

environmental issues. He said the Environmental Protection Department had evolved a comprehensive policy for setting up this unit, which would be a model of effective environmental monitoring and its management. In this connection, a final draft of the summary of this unit is on the cards, and soon will be sent to the high-ups for final approval, the sources concluded. APP


also added in the betterment of the department. He is a strict officer who was much needed in the city. A few days ago, malik sacked six traffic wardens and one traffic assistant on different charges, including corruption, misconduct and long absence. This shows that he is working on the improvement of the traffic police. my point of writing this piece is to humbly request the masses to honour the working of traffic wardens and respect what they request for. These people are spending the entire day managing the mess on the roads of Lahore and a polite word of appreciation would make their day.

7,364 mobiles recovered from prisoners LAHORE: According to the details, an operation was conducted by police inspection teams in jails of Punjab in which 7,346 mobile phones, 2,271 sim cards and 1,627 chargers were recovered from the possession of inmates. Lahore region tops the list where 3,262 phones were recovered. 1,488 and 1,212 mobile phones were found in the regions of rawalpindi and Faisalabad respectively. 304 and 246 were recovered from Bahawalpur and Sahiwal regions respectively. StAff REPORt

Law minister claims people rejected traders’ strike LAHORE: Punjab minister for Law, Parliamentary Affairs and Local Government raja Basharat Saturday said the failure of strike call given by certain traders, showed that opposition's narrative has been rejected by the people and traders have full confidence in the government policies. He was commenting on call, given by the trader groups, supported by the opposition, against the alleged taxes imposed by the government. The law minister said that in fact the failure of the strike was a success of the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) led coalition government as people expressed their trust in its determination to strengthen the national economy, marred by former two governments. APP

Sunday, 14 July, 2019






mong the biggest mysteries of the Trump administration’s foreign policies is its end game with Iran. Is the objective, as Secretary of State mike Pompeo has stated, a new Iran deal more advantageous to the U.S. than the one fashioned by his predecessor? Is it regime collapse or even change, as President Trump’s national security adviser, John Bolton, has intimated? And what exactly is desired by Trump, a president who has vacillated between threatening Iran with obliteration on one day and repeatedly offering to meet with the Iranian president on the next? The most likely answer is that Trump doesn’t know what he wants to do with Iran—and if he does, his administration hasn’t made it clear, let alone been singing off the same sheet of music. What he does know is that getting into a military conflict with Iran, or a risky negotiation that might require U.S. concessions, is bad politics: bad for his base and bad for his face-off with the Democrats, especially as he gets closer to 2020. Like most of Trump’s foreign policy,

his approach to Iran was driven by the intersection of domestic politics and his own vanity and ego. During the campaign he railed against the 2015 nuclear accord with Iran, using it to separate himself from his predecessor, to bash Hillary Clinton, to rally Evangelical voters, conservative Republicans and the pro-Israeli community, and to set the stage for stronger ties with Israel and Saudi Arabia, both of which hated the deal. All the while Trump touted his negotiating skills and claimed that he would never have agreed to what he labeled the worst accord in human history. His first set of advisers – sober men all: Defense Secretary James mattis, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, national Security Adviser H.R. mcmaster – persuaded him to stay in a deal that he clearly wanted to exit. And last may, eager to fulfill his campaign pledge and encouraged by his new harder-line advisers – Bolton and Pompeo – he unilaterally left the accord. The problem was that other than a campaign of maximum pressure – squeezing Iran with more sanctions, especially trying to reduce its lifeblood of oil exports to zero – Trump had no Plan B. The administration seemed not to have baked into its hardline approach that Iran,

now under pressure, might respond— which it did last month, by mining oil tankers in the gulf and shooting down a very large, expensive unarmed U.S. drone. This week Iran violated another provision of the accord by exceeding the amount of low-enriched uranium that it is allowed to keep, and is threatening within 60 days to enrich at even higher levels. Today, in view of the very real possibility of an escalation with Iran in the gulf, Trump has gotten himself into a pickle. Bolton pressed for a military response to the drone shootdown. But Trump drew back, apparently at the 11th hour. on the other hand, if he wanted to engage Iran, he’s sending all the wrong signals by sanctioning the Iranian supreme leader and ratcheting up the pressure. And in any case, Iran has made clear that it’s in no mood to talk. Trump knows that getting into a new war when he’s promised his base that his strategic goal is to get out of unwinnable ones, especially as he enters election season, isn’t a smart play. And higher oil and, thus, gas prices – almost certainly a builtin feature of a sustained shooting war with Iran – isn’t going to play well as an economic talking point. nor would negotiating with Tehran toward some kind of new deal be cheap or easy. The Trump

team is kidding itself if it believes it can negotiate with Iran without giving up something consequential in return, let alone returning to a status-quo accord that Trump has described as the worst in history. I suspect President Trump wishes the Iran issue would just disappear. War with Iran is costly; an agreement is probably unrealistic. And besides, Iran isn’t Trump’s conception of his big win. It’s a deal with north Korea that he’s after—a feat that would likely win him a nobel Peace Prize and a ticket into the history books, and separate him from all of his predecessors. Iran was obama’s deal, and a bad one at that. Why else would Trump flatter and court a brutal, ruthless dictator with a

worse human rights record than even the Iranians? more than likely, Trump will try to avoid either a risky political breakthrough or a serious military breakdown with Iran. He’ll keep up the pressure, perhaps even try to open a channel to Iran but try to avoid a military confrontation. Whether Iran will play by his script remains to be seen. Aaron David Miller is a distinguished scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and the author most recently of "The End of Greatness: Why America Can’t Have (And Doesn’t Want) Another Great President." Miller was a Middle East negotiator in Democratic and Republican administrations.

Could India become a Nazir Ali’s story: A life bigger than nationalities one-party state?

BloomBerg MIhIR shARMA

In most democracies, a politician who has just led his or her party to a crushing defeat steps aside. In the world’s largest democracy, however, parties are often structured around individuals or families. If they go, so does the party. That’s one reason why it is so surprising that Rahul gandhi quit as president of the Indian national Congress party after it was humiliated, for the second time in as many nationwide elections, by Prime minister narendra modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party. gandhi’s mother, father, grandmother, great-grandfather and great-great grandfather were all Congress presidents. For almost half a century, the Congress has had few power centers outside the nehru-gandhi family. The party’s institutional pillars have given way to centralized command and control; loyalty has replaced ideology. While this isn’t unusual for Indian parties, it usually leads to just one outcome. In the southern state of Tamil nadu, the death of a powerful chief minister a few years ago has led to her party apparently withering away, even though it had a much stronger presence on the ground than the Congress has in most of India. Would the Congress -- a party more than a century old, which led India’s struggle for freedom -- die just because a

single family stepped away from power? It might. When for a brief while in the 1990s there was no gandhi at the center of power, the party almost dissolved amid infighting and dissension. The nehru-gandhis have served an important purpose: As long as they ran the party, nobody else fought to do so. Loyalty to the gandhis took the place of ideological commitment. This weakened the party’s electoral arguments in favor of its hazy “idea of India.” At the same time, a party with no explicit commitment to ideology other than an undefined claim to leftist sentiment and centrist policy was also a broad tent that could include second-rung leaders who strongly disagreed on much else. Almost everyone in the Congress itself understands this, which is why they are so shell-shocked at gandhi’s exit and so unwilling to let him leave. gandhi said that he had to take personal responsibility for the defeat and that the party needed to “radically transform” itself. It would be truer to say that he has now left the party with no option but to radically transform itself. gandhi’s decision doesn’t change the facts: He wasn’t the problem. The Congress ran a campaign in the general election that few of India’s remaining liberals could fault on the issues; its manifesto and program was well-considered and its energy commendable. It still lost by an enormous margin. The problem is that the Congress’ ideology, such as it is, no longer has much traction with Indian voters. India is a young and impatient country. many of the hallmarks of global populist authoritarianism are visible here, often in more virulent

forms. As in Turkey, there is a widespread belief that India is a great civilization that is not being given its due. As in Russia, there is a suspicion that ngos and liberals are instruments of external meddling. As in the U.S., fake news and online echo chambers have enhanced tribalism and division. As in Brazil, many voters are convinced that the center-left establishment’s links to corruption are indissoluble. most importantly, the BJP appears to have won its decades-long battle to create a large group of voters that view themselves through the prism of their religious identity. In a country with an overwhelming Hindu majority, that makes the party very hard to beat. For better or worse, gandhi’s Congress is the only national alternative to the BJP. many liberals have long been loudly hoping that it will die, claiming that another and better political force will emerge to take its place. That supposition is fatally flawed, however: It assumes that a national two-party system is inevitable and that another dominant contender will somehow fill the opposition space. In actual fact, the most vibrant and effective opposition to the BJP is being organized at the state level, around more local identities. It’s possible that India has space for just one national idea: once it was the Congress’ fuzzy, syncretic inclusiveness; now it is modi’s Hindu nationalism. If so, the death of the Congress would remove any national opposition to modi. Regional identities would become ever more politically salient, and clashes between new Delhi and the state polities would become routine. That’s not an encouraging vision of India’s future.


Hindustan times GOpALkRIshNA GANDhI

Jagriti, made in 1954 is remembered today only by those like me, in their mid-70s, who saw it in their childhood, mesmerised by the acting of Abhi Bhattacharjee as the school teacher who takes a group of his student-wards on an all-India excursion by train. Abhi-babu sings during this journey (in Hemant Kumar’s voice) a song penned by Kavi Pradeep that pulls at the heart strings. Aao bachcho tumhein dikhaein jhanki Hindustan ki is set on the moving train that takes the children through great sites in the country ranging from the Himalayas to its oceanic south, and through various venues of valour and victorious battles. The film’s hero, the young boy played by Ratan Kumar, with the other children joins in singing the song’s refrain Vande mataram with gusto. old legends, myths and modern facts – the Jallianwala Bagh massacre among them – meld in that song which is dedicated to India’s greatness. Like many other boys at the time, I saw myself in Ratan Kumar and Ratan Kumar in me. Ratan Kumar was his screen name. The home-given name of this boy, born in 1941, in Ajmer, was Syed nazir Ali Rizvi. With the family moving to Bombay, little nazir made it to cinema. Success swooped on him instantly. His innocence and his voice both unbroken, he had everything that child-stardom needs. And just as Bombay turned mohammad Yusuf Khan into Dilip Kumar, mahjabeen into meena Kumari, it morphed nazir Ali into Ratan Kumar. And jewel he was. He was first

featured in 1952 , at age 11, as the child Baijnath in the musical “megahit” that made Bharat Bhushan famous – Baiju Bawra. And then at age 12, as Kanhaiya in Bimal Roy’s Do Bigha Zamin which had Balraj Sahni and nirupa Roy as Kanhaiya’s parents. When he turned 13, Ratan was cast by Raj Kapoor in Boot Polish. And the same year, in Jagriti as Shakti, a poor and disadvantaged boy. I do not know how or when exactly or why – many do, I am sure, I do not – his family decided to leave Bombay for Pakistan. Ratan, who had acted with meena Kumari, nirupa Roy, Balraj Sahni, been groomed by Raj Kapoor, Bimal Roy, naushad, all of 15 years, left India for Pakistan with his family. It was nehruvian India’s high noon. And Pakistan was seeing a political eclipse, its civilian administration breached by two military men, Iskander mirza and Ayub Khan. So, why ? on arrival in Pakistan – Lahore – the family was in for more than the usual problems of adjustment. The child of discord became brother to dilemma – a quickly and piquantly resolved dilemma – when his elder brother Wazir Ali decided to do a film: Jagriti, in reverse. Translated into Urdu, Jagriti is Bedari or wakefulness. A film was made, Bedari, with nazir Ali , his puppy fat all gone, two years older, singing the same song, same tune, in the same location – a train – same andaz, same josh, same sifat, same fiza, but words changed and changed, also, the sites being visited. The new song was Ao bachcho saer karaein tumko Pakistan ki. It was ghar vapasi, Pakistan-style. Bedari was an instant hit in

Pakistan, just as Jagriti had been in India. All because of the song, and – Ratan Kumar aka nazir or nazir aka Ratan Kumar. But fame is fickle. Ratan came to act in other films as a young adult, then a hero. He married, raised a loved and loving family. But life was not the same. In Jagriti Ratan Kumar, as Shakti, dies in an accident. now, in real life, nazir lost his daughter in an accident. He was never to act again. moving to the United States of America in 1979 – another year of upheavals in Pakistan and the year ZA Bhutto was executed – nazir seemed to say goodbye to the subcontinent as a whole. There was a great dignity to that move, and his other Jagriti song Chalo chalein ma, kanton se dur kahin phoolon ki chhaanvon mein…came alive then. nazir Ali died three years ago. He would , if alive, have been 78. His family would know if he found phoolon ki chhanv there ; one prays he did. nazir in India and Ratan in Pakistan are born, reborn in every generation. The bachche are one and the same. What are they being taught to think of each other? Is anti-magnetic, mutually countering patriotism their lot? nazir Ali’s life-story will tell them life is bigger than nationalities, home un-bound by borders. And they could, nazirs and Ratans both, laugh together at a third version of the song, a commercial jingle that went : Ao bachcho tumhe chakhaein toffee mangharam ki. Gopalkrishna Gandhi is distinguished professor of history and politics, Ashoka University.

Sunday, 14 July, 2019

uk poLice Launch criminaL proBe into dc envoy LeakS on trump

British police said Friday it had launched a “criminal investigation” into the leak of British diplomatic cables critical of US President Donald Trump that led to the resignation of the UK ambassador to Washington. London’s Metropolitan Police said its terrorism command, which investigates potential breaches of Britain’s Official Secrets Act, had initiated the probe into the leaking of Kim Darroch’s correspondence. “I am satisfied that there has been damage caused to UK international relations, and there would be a clear public interest in bringing the person or people responsible to justice,” Assistant Commissioner Neil Basu

said in a statement announcing the move. Last weekend’s disclosure of Darroch’s private messages back to London — which included describing the Trump administration as “inept” and “uniquely dysfunctional” — triggered waves of angry tweets from the US president. After Trump said he would no longer work with Darroch, and he was disinvited from several events, the British ambassador resigned on Wednesday. On Friday, the American president said that Britain needed to stop their “leaking problems”. The British government had opened its

own inquiry into the leaks this week and noted it had involved the police to ascertain whether any documents protected by the Official Secrets Act had been shared Basu said that the leaks may be a “criminal matter” as he urged the culprit to “turn yourself in at the earliest opportunity, explain yourself and face the consequences”. “Also, to anyone who knows or suspects those responsible, or who has any information, please come forward,” he added. ‘CommentS aboUt US enVoY Were a FaCtor in HiS reSignation’: Boris Johnson, frontrunner to be Britain’s next prime minister, denied he was responsible for the resignation of the ambassador to Washington but admitted his comments had been a factor in the shock departure of one of the country’s most senior diplomats. The former London mayor has been heavily criticized by lawmakers in his own party and the opposition for failing to defend Kim Darroch after Donald Trump attacked the envoy for leaked remarks describing the U.S. administration as inept. Darroch resigned after days of scathing criticism from the U.S. president on Twitter. A diplomatic source told Reuters that the lack of support from Johnson during a televised debate with his rival for the premiership, foreign minister Jeremy Hunt, had also been a factor. Johnson said Darroch had not watched the debate but had heard an inaccurate account of what was said. He said he had not defended the ambassador more because he did not think civil servants should be dragged into political disputes. AGENCIES

Turkey ignores US warnings over Russian S-400 missile deployment ANKARA AGENCIES

Turkey ignored US warnings as it continued Saturday to take delivery of Russia’s S-400 missile defence system near Ankara, a defence ministry statement indicated. “Delivery of S-400 Long Range Air and Missile Defence Systems resumed today,” the statement said. “The fourth Russian plane carrying S-400 parts landed at Murted Airport outside Ankara,” it added. The US fears that if Ankara integrates the S-400 into its defences, data about the US-built F-35 fighter jet could leak back to the Russians, and Washington has threatened to deny

Turkey access to the stealth aircraft. The western defence alliance

NATO, which counts Turkey as one of its members, is also “concerned about the potential consequences” of the S400 purchase, an official told AFP. Members of the US Congress have repeatedly voiced opposition to the move and threatened sanctions. “President Erdogan was given a very clear choice. Unfortunately, he has clearly made the wrong one,” said Eliot Engel and Michael McFaul, the top Democrat and Republican respectively on the House Foreign Affairs Committee. Ankara rejects the US warnings, and on Friday, Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu told reporters: “We say this each time. This is a done deal. The process continues.”


race becomes new flashpoint with pelosi, ocasio-cortez WASHINGTON: N N The debate between Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and other House Democrats over migrant children in detention at the border was wrenching enough. Then it became about race. First, the freshman’s chief of staff compared more centrist Democrats to 1940s segregationists. Then Ocasio-Cortez, D-NY., accused Speaker Nancy Pelosi of “singling out” her and fellow newcomers, all women of color. By Thursday, the rhetoric escalated, overshadowing the agenda and pushing House Democrats way off message with the most divisive upheaval since they took control of the chamber this year. Longtime lawmakers were stunned. “How dare they try to play the race card at this point,” said Rep. William Lacy Clay, an African-American Democrat from Missouri who faces a primary challenge backed by allies of Ocasio-Cortez. He called those making the claims “ignorant” of racial history. “It shows the weakness of their argument. It’s damaging to this party and the internal workings of the Democratic party.” Rep. John Lewis, the Civil Rights icon, shared his view. Lewis said it was “a little too far” for the staff member to compare lawmakers to segregationists. “We all must work together, pull together for the country’s good,” the Georgia Democrat said in an interview. “The great majority of the caucus membership tends to work together and get along. We need to go forward, not backward.” The problems have been developing for weeks, mounting as Congress struggled to pass a border funding package, but now may force a reckoning among Democrats that spills beyond Capitol Hill and into the 2020 campaigns. Late last month, tensions grew between liberals, including Ocasio-Cortez and the “squad” of three other freshmen, and centrists from the Problem Solvers, Blue Dog and New Democratic caucuses over protections for migrant children and families in detention. With time ticking before funding ran out — and lawmakers set to leave town for the July 4th holiday — centrists revolted, forcing Pelosi to drop liberal demands and approve a more modest Senate version of the bill. AGENCIES

Mediterranean sharks risk 'disappearing': conservationists Sharks — the sea’s top predators for millions of years — are at risk of disappearing from the Mediterranean as overfishing and plastic pollution choke populations of the endangered hunters, conservationists warned Friday. The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) said that more than half of shark and ray species in the Mediterranean were under threat, and that almost a third of them have been fished to the brink of extinction. Its report, released ahead of Shark Awareness Day, singled out Libya and Tunisia as the worst culprits, with each country’s fishery hauling in about 4,200 tonnes of sharks a year — three times that of the next biggest Mediterranean fisher, Italy. While some species are targeted for food, many of the sharks fished in the Mediterranean are bycatch caught up in nets set for other fish. The WWF said it had recorded more than 60 shark species entangled in fishing nets across the Mediterranean. In addition, the explosion of plastic pollution is endangering shark populations, either through the animals ingesting or becoming enmeshed in refuse items. Sharks have been around for more than 400 million years and are particularly vulnerable to population decline due to their slow maturation and long gestation periods. AGENCIES

Hundreds of migrants occupy Paris landmark PARIS AGENCIES

Hundreds of undocumented migrants surged into the Pantheon in central Paris on Friday, briefly occupying the vaunted memorial complex to demand talks with the prime minister on regularising their status, activists said. Around 700 migrants and their supporters joined the demonstration, with some pushing into the historic complex at around midday (1100 GMT) on Friday, a member of the Chapelle Debout collective said. Footage posted on Twitter from inside the building’s main dome showed hundreds of people waving papers in the air shouting “Black vests, black vests!” and “What do we want? Papers!” The so-called “Black Vests” is a Paris-based migrant association that takes its name from the “yellow vest” anti-gov-

ernment protest movement. As they went inside, tourists were evacuated from the Pantheon, which is the final resting place of France’s greatest non-military luminaries including the writers Voltaire, Victor Hugo and Emile Zola. Outside, hundreds more were gathered under the watchful eyes of a heavy police presence. In a statement, the Black Vest protesters said they wanted “papers and housing for everyone”, describing themselves as “the undocumented, the voiceless and the faceless of the French Republic”. “We don’t want to negotiate with the interior minister and his officials any more, we want to talk to Prime Minister Edouard Philippe now!” they wrote. They stayed there for several hours until they were calmly evacuated through a back entrance mid-afternoon, AFP cor-

respondents said. “All of the people who gained entry to the Pantheon have been evacuated,” Philippe tweeted early evening as a police

source said 37 arrests had been made. RULE OF LAW “France is a country based on the rule of law which means respect for the rules

that apply to the right to remain, respect for public monuments and for the memory they represent,” he added. Some leftist lawmakers came to the site to offer moral support to the migrants but Marine Le Pen, leader of the far-right National Rally, tweeted her indignation. “It is UNACCEPTABLE to see protesting illegal aliens occupy, with wholesale impunity, this is the centre of the Republic,” Le Pen said. “Expulsion should be the immigrants’ future — that is the LAW,” she said. “The Pantheon is a symbol of great men. Inside there are symbols representing the fight against slavery. We are fighting against modern-day slavery,” said Laurent, an activist from French rights group Droits Devant. “Many people have been living without rights for years. We have done this to ask the prime minister for an exceptional

Sunday, 14 July, 2019


Courage under fire

Taxing the traders It’s now or never


number of organisations of the trading community gave a call for a countrywide strike on 13 July against the FBr’s move to bring all traders into the tax net. Other community leaders rejected the call on the plea that most of their demands had already been accepted by the administration. While the traders remained by and large divided in big cities, shutters remained totally down in hundreds of small towns. The trading community is spread all over the country. Hundreds of thousands of traders constitute the vital distribution chain that makes domestically produced and imported goods available to the consumers. There are about 381,000 trading units that fall under sales tax jurisdiction, but only 47,000 of them are registered. What’s more, of the registered trading businesses only 17,000 pay sales tax to the government. On account of its numerical strength the trading class has been pampered by successive governments, both civil and military. Thus, a large number of traders continue to defy the FBr with impunity. They have invented excuses for dodging the taxes like corruption on the part of the government and the tax officials, high prices of gas and power and absence of facilities available to taxpayers in developed countries. in view of the problematic civilmilitary relations in the country, elected governments that have looked most of the time over their shoulder, hesitated creating a countrywide confrontation that could be used by forces waiting in the wings to send them home. Considering the conservative trading class as a source of political support, military rulers like ayub Khan, Ziaul Haq and Musharraf also mollycoddled the community. Facing an acute liquidity crunch which has even affected the defence budget, the PTi government has decided to bring all traders under the tax net. That it enjoys the full support of the army makes the government’s task easier. it remains to be seen if the government really possesses the required determination. While disagreeing with some of the tactics being employed, one concurs with the objective of bringing all with taxable incomes into the tax net. The government needs to use persuasion as the chief method, but has to remain firm in case of a pushback.

Pak-India relations Baby steps towards peace


arliEr this year Pakistan and india somehow avoided an all-out war after an airspace violation by india and a corresponding response by the Pakistan air Force that resulted in the capture and immediate release of an indian pilot after his jet was shot down. although loC skirmishes have reduced in intensity and frequency, relations remain strained and tensions high between the two. Thankfully there is some thaw in relations. a two-day Track-ii dialogue aimed at starting a broader process of peace and reconciliation began on Friday with a six-member delegation from india taking part, the second leg of which will take place in New Delhi later this year. Meanwhile, Pakistan, displaying a willingness to improve ties, has conceded to india’s demand of removing a pro-Khalistan leader from its committee ahead of the second round of the Kartarpur Corridor talks. although these are baby steps towards a greater goal, they are welcome considering the atmosphere of discontent. Perhaps the most contentious unresolved issue between the two neighbours is that of terrorism, which india accuses Pakistan of actively sponsoring, while providing refuge and support to the likes of Hafiz Saeed and Masood azhar. To that end Pakistan, primarily due to the predicament it finds itself in with the FaTF, has taken some action. Senior leaders of the JuD and JeM, including Hafiz Saeed’s brother-in-law, have been arrested for terror financing for the first time as opposed to being detained under the ‘maintenance of public order’ ordinance, a charge that doesn’t stick for long. This was a long time coming, as the presence of these groups in Pakistan has remained the source of not only bad relations with india but also Western countries. That Prime Minister imran Khan has requested indian PM Narendra Modi for talks more than once since coming to power suggests that there is little resistance from other concerned quarters, meaning everyone is on the same page. Mr Modi cannot drop the pre-election anti-Pakistan rhetoric immediately now that he was won comprehensively, but will have to sooner or later dial it down to move the conciliatory process forward. it is in the interest of both countries to resolve all pending issues to enjoy the benefits of open trade and peace in the region.

Dedicated to the legacy of the late Hameed Nizami

Arif Nizami Editor Aziz-ud-Din Ahmad

Umar Aziz

Asher John

Joint Editor

Executive Editor

Deputy Editor

Lahore – Ph: 042-36300938, 042-36375965


No holds barred confrontation

Arif NizAmi


widespread perception is fast developing that space for a democratic discourse is perceptibly shrinking. Frequent gagging of the media and concerted efforts to tighten the noose around opposition politicians has become the norm rather than the exception. it is obvious that the government is swiftly losing its patience with the electronic news media. Only during the past week three news channels were taken off the air, only to be restored after a day. Taking interviews off the air at the last moment is the new normal. at first an exclusive interview with the incarcerated chairperson of the PPP (Pakistan Peoples Party) asif ali Zardari was stopped as soon as it had begun. On Thursday Sharif’s political heir apparent Maryam Nawaz’s interview on another channel met the same fate. Hum news anchor Nadeem Malik promptly tweeted that it was forcefully stopped only a few minutes after it went live. Unlike GEO News that preferred to remain mum when Zardari’s interview was stopped, HUM News claimed in a tweet that it considered freedom of expression as one of its core values. But unfortunately this “core value”, is being violated with impunity. Various government spokesmen keep on parroting that it is a firm believer in freedom of expression. Nonetheless this Orwellian logic does not seem to cut ice with the media owners body PBa (Pakistan Broadcasting association) nor with international media watchdogs. The government’s recent moves to silence the media has come under severe criticism another third-degree method being adopted is unhesitatingly trolling independent anchors on social media. They are being targeted as corrupt and ‘ghaddars’ (traitors) and threatened that they should be ready to get their comeuppance by yet unidentified forces. Even women anchors are not spared. a delegation of the so-called Coalition of Women in Journalism (CFWiJ) met with Human rights minister Shireen Mazari demanding the government to launch an investigation of the “unknown perpetrators” behind online and offline attacks on them. This is indeed shameful. But there is little

Ms Mazari can do except offering tea and sympathy to her guests. Danial Bastard, the head of reporters Without Frontiers has condemned the suspension of three channels terming it as “brazen censorship.” Unsurprisingly Pakistan has dropped 3 points to 142 in the world press freedom index. in this context PEMra (Pakistan Electronic Media regulatory authority) is being made to act as the chief censor officer of the powers that be rather than an independent regulator. it showers offending channels with show cause notices, bans channels that refuse to fall in line and quietly orders cable operators to put some off their listings. The PTi government adopts a self-serving mantra in the face of all this. according to its claim, PEMra is an independent body just as NaB (National accountability Bureau), Fia (Federal investigation agency) or aNF (antiNarcotics Force). Hence there is no ownership of the draconian measures now being taken almost on a daily basis to suppress dissent and freedom of expression in the country. The hidden hand of the state remains hidden while democracy suffers. it does not take rocket science to figure out that the short-term beneficiary of these policies is the ruling party itself. However, the question that begs an answer is why is the government feeling so insecure? Ostensibly according to its own narrative, it is on top of everything. Unlike its predecessor governments it has the full support of the miltestablishment. it has a working majority in the National assembly, Punjab and KP (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa). Then why is it so petrified of Maryam Nawaz that her press conferences and public meetings must be stopped on the electronic media through fiat? Take the case of producing under trail opposition MNas in the National assembly. Suddenly the speaker shedding all norms of impartiality in running the House has started singing the executive’s tune. in the name of austerity, meetings of various standing committees will not be held when the National assembly is not in session. Obviously, the twisted logic behind this is not to allow opposition out of jail unless it is absolutely necessary. admittedly the opposition in some cases has also tried to misuse this right. But withdrawing it is tantamount to throwing the baby with the bath water. Just a day before barrister ali Zafar joined the PTi, i interviewed him for my television programme. He clearly stated that the imprisoned under trial MNas production orders were in consonance with the sacrosanct right to represent

their constituents that elected them. Similarly giving interviews to media persons was also their right under the constitution that guarantees freedom of expression. With their backs to the wall, the opposition is now on a warpath. The last straw for them was the sudden arrest of PMl-N’s most fiery stalwart rana Sanaullah on drug smuggling charges largely perceived as false and frivolous. The government engaging in its signature doublespeak claims, that with a major general heading the aNF it is axiomatic that the charges are genuine having nothing to do with them. The fact that all institutions are working seamlessly to prop up Khan is conveniently overlooked here. But perhaps for the government, the opposition forming an alliance courtesy the out of job Maulana Fazlur rehman was the proverbial straw that broke the camel’s back. its decision to go ahead with the ouster of Senate Chairman Sadiq Sanjrani has inevitably led to no holds barred confrontation. a spate of post budget strikes by various sectors of the economy is going to further vitiate the already charged atmosphere. By claiming that “someone else is behind the numerous strike calls”, the FBr (Federal Board of revenue) Chairman Shabbar Zaidi is clearly hinting that the opposition is creating unrest amongst the business and traders community. This might be so. The PMl-N has considerable influence amongst traders. But the government in its anxiety to meet iMF conditionalities is bending over backwards to squeeze businessmen and in the process the hapless common man. Why will the opposition not fish in troubled waters under these circumstances? Following the leaked videotape of the accountability judge arshad Malik who sentenced former prime minister to seven years jail in the alazizia corruption case against him, the islamabad High Court has removed him from his post. The controversial judge however claims that Hussain Nawaz the scion of Sharif offered him a rs500 million bribe to resign after the al-azizia verdict. Whatever the final call of the superior judiciary in the matter, this development has further discredited the already tainted accountability process. The PMl-N wants the verdict against Sharif to be set aside. But this is unlikely to happen soon, if at all. in the meanwhile, this aggressive confrontation between the government and the opposition is going to lead the country nowhere, except on a path to inevitable disaster. Arif Nizami is Editor, Pakistan Today. He can be contacted at

Time for a Vladivostok Declaration? The USSR brought about the Tashkent Declaration, now it’s Russia’s turn NAsir muhAmmAd


USSia’S strongman Vladimir Putin was swift enough, as usual, on the sidelines of the recently held SCO summit in Kyrgyzstan, to invite the newly-elected prime minster of india, Mr Narendra Modi, as the “main guest” at russia’s Eastern Economic Forum (EEF)– an eventful economic platform held annually since 2015 for wooing international investment aimed at developing russia’s far eastern regions. On the other hand, Pakistani Prime Minister imran Khan, who was in Bishkek as well, was also reported by some local media houses to be attending the event in russia in September on President Putin’s invite. However, this was reportedly disputed by the russian side, which prompted Pakistan’s Foreign Office spokesperson to brush the news under the carpet by torpedoing the local media reports about the visit as “speculative,” instead of either confirming or denying the explanatory note from the russian side. if Khan fails to make it to russia for the EEF, not only will it be an unambiguous diplomatic failure for Pakistan, but it will also be detrimental to the security and stability of South asia. Karachi – Ph: 021-35381208-9


We cannot deny the gospel that both india and Pakistan continue, since 1947, to live in an air of ceaseless distrust and disharmony, and that the two sides have been embroiled in three major conflicts and a number of crises so far. This has been exacerbated by both countries having large populations and being nuclear-armed: that means they also threaten the vital economic and geopolitical interests of other powerful countries such as China, russian and even the USa. The recent crises between the two rivals that erupted following the suicide bombing on the indian side of the Kashmir valley in Pulwama, resulting in the killing of more than 40 indian paramilitary forces- the highest in a single incident of terror in the Valley since 1989. The crisis saw a formation of nearly 12 indian fighter jets piercing Pakistan’s airspace and bombing a thick Balakot area inside Pakistan’s KP province. Soon after this, Pakistan retaliated by shooting down two indian fighter jets, ringing alarm bells among the comity of the nuclear capable countries on earth. although the situation has slightly cooled off since then, yet no one can figure out exactly what’s next in store for the two capricious South asian rivals. The latter becomes more worrisome by the possibility of a third party (violent non-state actors)

Islamabad – Ph: 051-2204545


taking advantage of and exploiting the ensuing diplomatic gulf between Pakistan and india by carrying out terrorist attacks on indian soil. Such an environment of “nuclear uncertainty” in South asia requires the need for the big powers, mentioned above, to timely step in and help convince the two sides to restart composite dialogue0 and move toward peace and tranquillity. The russian Federation in this regard can play the role of a “big brother,” and for a good reason. it was none other than the russian Federation’s predecessor empire in the shape of the USSr that famously helped broker peace and maintained the status quo ante bellum, on 10 January 1966 after the war of 1965 between india and Pakistan, in the form of the Tashkent Declaration. although a cash-strapped Pakistan is not in a position to invest or even promise to invest billions of dollars in russia at the present, the Pakistani diplomatic side must work to ensuring Khan’s symbolic participation in the upcoming EEF, so that there can be a trilateral summit with both india and russia. The russians must also convince their indian partners that the key to durable peace and stability in South asia lies in the resumption of meaningful dialogue between Pak-



istan and india, and in their unswerving promise towards peace and prosperity in the form of a new treaty, the Vladivostok Declaration. Such a mediatory role by russia also serves its undying national goal of projecting itself as a global power to counter the USa. President Putin has already tilted the balance of global policeman-ship towards russia after his successful mission in Syria, in the iranian Nuclear Deal, in Venezuela and recently in the afghan peace process. Pakistan will definitely benefit from such peace overtures as it will get the time and attention (away from india) to restructuring and revitalising its fledgling economy, diffusing the burgeoning domestic political tensions, and fostering mutually beneficial ties with its neighbours and the big powers. as for india, stable ties with Pakistan will help improve its international image, stem further violence in Kashmir, possibly slow down the pace of secessionist movements in india and focus on the needs of its burgeoning population. Nasir Muhammad is an M. Phil in IR and teaches at the Department of Political Science, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan. He can be reached at


Sunday, 14 July, 2019

COMMENT 09 Editor’s mail

Send your letters to: Letters to Editor, Pakistan Today, 4-Shaarey Fatima Jinnah, Lahore, Pakistan. E-mail: Letters should be addressed to Pakistan Today exclusively

How to forestall credits into fake or un-knowing accounts

A step in the right direction for peace There are still a lot of sticking-points r mAxwell BoNe


N July 7 and 8 a broad delegation of representatives from afghan society partook in an intra-afghan dialogue session with the Taliban. The talks in Doha, jointly organised by Qatar and Germany, marked the first time such a diverse group formally engaged in dialogue. However, all participants attended in their personal capacities, not as representatives of organisations they are affiliated with. Thus, the Taliban could meet government officials without formally engaging the government. The intra-afghan Dialogue is undoubtedly an achievement. Since last fall, the USa has had seven rounds of negotiations with the Taliban Yet, direct engagement between afghan citizens and the Taliban has been extremely limited, to two sessions in Moscow between President ashraf Ghani’s political opponents and Taliban leaders, in May and February, both ending in gridlock. Thus far, all efforts to bring together a diverse and all-encompassing group to engage with the Taliban failed due to political infighting. in april a similar attempt fell apart at the last minute due to disagreements between the two sides regarding the size and composition of the afghan delegation. Such failures to engage the afghan government and civil society in the peace process with the Taliban led to anxiety about the peace process. Some concerns were logical, including that the USa would rush to a final deal and withdraw troops without preserving the gains of the past 18 years. Others were met with outrage, such as accusations US Special representative for afghanistan reconciliation Zalmay Khalilzad was intentionally excluding afghans so he could eventually become president. Nevertheless, the intra-afghan dialogue can allay some concerns, at least temporarily. During it, the two sides were able to directly raise concerns over women’s rights to elections to the role of islam. The two sides managed to release a joint statement of principles at the end. The afghan delegation was unanimously united in their demands to the Taliban. This was noted by Khalid Noor, an influential youth activist from Balkh province who was also in Moscow in May, “all of us were united in what we were demanding from the Taliban, which is the preservation of the current system of government, a republic.” Notably, this was the first time this question has been directly raised with the Taliban. Currently. afghanistan is a constitutional republic, in which the government is democratically elected. The Taliban believe that afghanistan must be governed as an islamic Emirate, like Gulf countries such as Saudi arabia or potentially the UaE. When the Taliban ruled they renamed the country the islamic Emirate of afghanistan. The Taliban has continued to insist that this is the only system of governance the militant group would accept in any peace agreement. Understandably, this issue was foremost for

many afghans who value their democratic system. The USa bolstered this worry by clearly stating that the system is an issue to be decided directly between afghans and the Taliban, not the USa and them. The discussion between on this has not made anyone easy. Mr Noor indicated he asked them very directly, if they would support a republic with elections. “Given that the system as it is today has to change, would they be willing to become part of the democratic system and participate in elections or not?” he asked. Unsurprisingly, the Taliban refused to directly answer this. in effect, this left the afghan people with more questions than answers regarding Taliban willingness to integrate. another question unanswered is the Taliban stance on press freedom. This is particularly relevant as only a few weeks ago the Taliban called for major media outlets to be attacked. This issue was brought up directly in Doha. “it is somewhat confusing, but also very worrisome. They (Taliban) claim they support journalists and freedom of the press but at the same time they recently threatened to attack media outlets that they say are spreading anti-Jihad propaganda,” indicated Noor. He continued, “i then asked them directly about the order they issued to attack journalists. They claimed this was only regarding advertisements calling for their fighters to be killed, but to me that claim just does not add up.” These and other issues were addressed in a press statement released late in the night after the dialogue concluded. Yet, this is merely an outline and broad agreement on several issues that unfortunately will likely not hold. The Taliban claimed they would cease actively targeting civilians. However, it is unlikely, given its actions over the nearly two decades. Other issues such as women’s rights were agreed to in the overall context of being in accordance with islamic law. Understandably, this has caused concern as such a context could be used to impose draconian re-

strictions on women’s rights commonplace in islamic kingdoms like Saudi arabia. in short, the intra-afghan dialogue that occurred in Qatar is undoubtedly a step in the right direction, yet it did not solidify anything and is only the beginning of a process that is likely going to be combative and long. Specifically, following an agreement between the USa and the Taliban on issues of military positioning and security, the afghan government will have to engage in direct negotiations with the Taliban over the future of the country. This is immensely worrisome to Noor who fears that such a process might not be inclusive. He stated “Yes, the intra-afghan dialogue was very inclusive and representative of afghan society. However, this is merely dialogue and the real test will be in formal negotiations.” Noor strongly holds the conviction that all factions of afghan society must make concessions in order to approach the peace process in a unified manner. He claims that “if the current government thinks that they can negotiate a peace accord with the Taliban that will last if they do not involve the political opposition they are lying to themselves. The same is true regarding the involvement of youth and women.” The intra-afghan dialogue was undoubtedly a step in the right direction to further the peace process in an attempt to bring an end to the decades long war in afghanistan. However, there is still a significant time period and objectives that must be accomplished before formal negotiations even commence. Further, it is imperative that succeeding steps in the peace process are inclusive if one wishes to reach an agreement that is long lasting and sustainable.

The Intra-Afghan dialogue was undoubtedly a step in the right direction to further the peace process in an attempt to bring an end to the decades long war in Afghanistan. However, there is still a significant time period and objectives that must be accomplished before formal negotiations even commence. Further, it is imperative that succeeding steps in the peace process are inclusive if one wishes to reach an agreement that is long lasting and sustainable

R Maxwell Bone is Vice President for Political Affairs, Democracy, and Governance at the International Institute for Peace, Democracy, and Development (IIPDD). He lives in Washington, DC. Follow him on Twitter @maxbone55.

SOME of our senior legislators received credits of rs100 million each into their accounts from mysterious sources. The credits dawned on them through Bank ‘alerts’. The uncanny recipients include raza rabbani, ayaz Sadiq, JUi-F chief Maulana Fazlur rehman, and PPP Senator aitzaz ahsan. Sadiq and Shah got the receipts in their chambers in the Parliament House, while rabbani received SME Bank receipt at his Karachi residence. The recipients called upon bank branches, State Bank, and Fia ‘to investigate the fraud’. in another case, a penniless street ice-cream (faluda) vendor, Qadir, found a credit of US$18.6 million into his account. Guardian dated October 4, 2018 reported ‘Qadir’s account is believed to be among at least 77 under investigation by the Fia as part of a massive, 35 billion rupees ($283 million) money laundering scheme…’ in yet another case, unwitting adnan Javed, owner of lucky Company found £50m (rs8 bn) deposited in his company’s account. To check credits into un-knowing accounts, india is mulling a banking rule which would prevent ‘cash deposit in anyone’s account, online or through cash deposit machines, without account holder’s knowledge and permission’. in her budget speech, india’s finance minister indicated that the “government will initiate steps to empower account holders to remedy the current situation in which they do not have control over deposit of cash by others in their accounts” (TimesNow news; July 9, 2019). in india, as also in Pakistan, any person can currently deposit money in anyone’s account, fake or real, from any branch of any bank across the country if he knows the account number and bank branch code. india’s digital doorstep banking will ensure that the new regulation does not inconvenience bonafide transactions. The Fia traced aforementioned ice-cream vendor case to clandestine account operator Shabir Bobmat in Dubai. Pakistan’s prime minister alleged that Pakistanis have US$ 700 billion of illicit assets in Dubai. let the Fia publish outcomes of investigations into 77 other cases, including credits into accounts of politicians. MALIk A JAAVED Rawalpindi

The decay of the education system in Karachi i would like to focus on corruption of education in Karachi. Educational system is so corrupt that it has crossed all the boundaries. it is common for students to fear that before taking the exam their paper would leaked. Paper leaking has become very common in Karachi board. Schools and governments do not even strictly investigate these matters. Bribing has become extremely common. Sometimes, even politics is involved. links with powerful personalities are enough to scare the investigator. as far as results are concerned, we can’t even imagine how far we have gone. There is no fair checking. Students with a great yearly performance, get unexpected grades. i hope with this letter the Board may realise and adopt the path of honesty the future of students is at stake. ABSAR GHoURI karachi

Pakistan Railway accidents Sir, what more will it take to conclude that Pakistan railways is facing a crisis of mismanagement, mediocrity, gross irregularities, incompetence, poor maintenance, and failure to assess problems and rectify faults? as it is, the number of accidents involving fatalities in 6 months of 2019 exceeds that if those occurred in 2018. The 11 July accident involving akbar Express, which rammed into a freight train at Walhar railway station near Sadiqabad points to serious flaws in signalling and operational control. it has resulted in 21 fatalities and scores of serious injuries to passengers who paid to travel safely. Starting from Musharraf tenure successive governments have imported engines from the same blacklisted company, locomotives which are not compatible with existing tracks. The federal government and Minister for railways should be focusing on repairing and overhauling the existing aged system instead of launching new trains to score political mileage. There was a time when Pakistan railways earned substantial revenues from freight to subsidise passenger trains and still be profitable. This equation was brutally disrupted when NlC was launched and freight revenue shifted to it. Within years, loss of revenue started impacting capacity of railway to update its dilapidated track and locomotives, carry out routine maintenance, and invest in updating signalling system and replacing engines. as if this was not enough, expensive real estate (example royal Palm Golf Club, Schools etc) owned by Pakistan railway was illegally occupied or given to powerful cronies of political and paid elite for peanuts, and these gross irregularities were regularised. Similar is the situation in Karachi, Hyderabad, rawalpindi, Peshawar etc. MALIk TARIq Lahore

Sunday, 14 July, 2019


Storm Barry takeS aim at LouiSiana, couLd roar aShore aS hurricane WASHINGTON



ILLIONS of residents in Louisiana on Saturday braced for Tropical Storm Barry, which is threatening the southern US state and its largest city New Orleans with potentially disastrous rainfall and flooding. Authorities ramped up evacuations, airlines cancelled flights and flood gates slammed shut as the National Hurricane Center (NHC) forecast the strengthening storm would reach hurricane status Saturday and roar ashore along the state’s central coast. The large storm system currently in the Gulf of Mexico brings heavy rains, a potential storm surge and flooding that pose a threat reminiscent of 2005’s deadly Hurricane Katrina. Thousands packed up and left their homes as flood waters hit low-lying areas like Plaquemines Parish, where road closures left some communities isolated as they braced for Barry’s arrival. By early Saturday the storm was packing winds of 65 miles (100 kilometers) per hour, just shy of hurricane strength, and around 120 miles southwest of New Orleans, according to the NHC. Dozens took shelter in Plaquemines’s Belle Chasse auditorium, while others headed inland to stay with friends or relatives and avoid what the NHC called “life-threatening flooding” to coastal and river areas. Governor John Bel Edwards said New Orleans was well prepared to withstand the storm, but urged vigilance by residents across the state, as authorities called on people to stay off the streets. “No one should take this storm lightly, and I urge everyone to remain in-

formed,” Edwards said on Twitter. New Orleans Mayor LaToya Cantrell urged people to stay indoors Friday night, but the city’s famed party atmosphere was far from extinguished just hours ahead of the storm. In the French Quarter entertainment district, revelers wearing plastic bead necklaces drank “hurricane” cocktails and sang arm in arm as they walked down Bourbon Street, while couples danced to a zydeco band in the Tropical Isle’s Bayou Club. If the storm becomes a hurricane, it would be the first of the Atlantic season, which runs from June to November. With Barry threatening massive rainfall across several southern states, federal emergency declarations were issued to help free up resources to address the storm. “We could be looking at widespread major flooding across several river basins,” the NHC said. Some Plaquemines residents were battening down to ride out the storm, despite mandatory evacuation orders. “We’ve stayed for some pretty strong storms and we shouldn’t have,” said Keith Delahoussaye, a 60-year-old mechanic, at his trailer home in Port Sulphur. But he was keeping a close eye on the nearby Mississippi River. “If we see the water rising here, we’ll leave.” Donald Brown, operations manager for Plaquemines Medical Center, said most people had evacuated. “I’d say they fear it every time,” said Brown, 58, who survived Katrina and was staying behind to look after the medical center. DangeroUS ConDitionS: Louisiana is facing an extraordinarily dangerous confluence of conditions, experts said.

The level of the Mississippi River, already swollen from historic rains and flooding upstream, was at 16 feet (4.9 meters) in New Orleans, one foot shy of flood stage. River levels are expected to peak at 17 feet, according to a forecast late Friday by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. But with storm surges of three to six feet projected, and 10 to 20 inches (25 to 50 cm) of rain forecast, the river could still breach the 20-foot-high levee system protecting the city of 400,000. “Much of the Gulf coast, especially Louisiana, are already at extremely high water levels and so the heavy rains and any potential storm surge will lead to dangerous flash flooding,” Jill Trepanier, an

expert at Louisiana State University, said in a statement. Mike Yenni, president of Jefferson Parish near New Orleans, said the community had taken the “unprecedented” step of closing hundreds of flood gates, largely due to the high levels of the Mississippi. Authorities closed highways in several locations along the coast as flood waters began creeping in. In St. John’s Parish next to New Orleans, some communities were under two or more feet of water, local television footage showed. Grand Isle, one of the inhabited barrier islands east of the storm’s likely path, suffered a full power outage Friday which brought crucial pumping stations to a

halt, authorities said. Residents and business owners in New Orleans were laying down sand bags and boarding up windows while city officials set up shelters for residents. In 2005, Katrina — the costliest and deadliest hurricane in US history — submerged about 80 percent of New Orleans, causing some 1,800 deaths and more than $150 billion in damage. The city’s main sports arena, the Superdome, was turned into an emergency shelter during Katrina. The facility was due to host a concert by the Rolling Stones on Sunday, but it was postponed by a day due to Barry. “We’re here with you — we’ll get through this together,” the band said in a statement.

Rome garbage crisis sparks health fears ROME AGENCIES

trump pattern is create a crisis, retreat, move on WASHINGTON AGENCIES

President Donald Trump was defiant and declarative, with all the hammer-on-anvil subtlety that has charted a now-familiar pattern of his presidency: create a crisis, retreat, declare victory, move on. “Not only didn’t I back down, I backed up,” Trump insisted Friday. However he may phrase it, though, Trump walked away from his earlier vow to include a contentious question about citizenship on the 2020 census. The president shifted his bulldozer of an administration into reverse, announcing that he would drop his push to seek the citizenship status of all American residents on the census, instead ordering other agencies to share data with the Department of Commerce, which oversees the decennial survey. The face-saving measure, announced to fanfare in the Rose Garden on Thursday, underscored the president’s obsession with projecting a “win” even in the face of defeat. He’s demonstrated a reluctance to acknowledge even the minor missteps that have plagued his administration from its start. After fighting in court and in the press for nearly two years to include the citizenship question, Trump this week insisted it was unnecessary because federal data-sharing would lead to more accurate results. “We’re already finding out who the citizens are and who they’re not,” Trump said without evidence, barely 12 hours after signing the executive order. “And I think more accurately.” Critics, including the ACLU, which successfully sued the administration to block the citizenship question, disagreed. “Trump may claim victory today, but this is nothing short of a total, humiliating defeat for him and his administration,” said Dale Ho, director of the organization’s Voting Rights Project. And there were indications that Trump supporters, who were clamoring for the president to keep up the fight, also were unsatisfied with the outcome. Trump’s announcement was met with silence from most of his allies, rather than the usual cacophony of supportive statements for presidential actions.

Landfills in flames and rats feasting on waste in the streets have sparked health fears in Rome, as doctors warn families to steer clear of disease-ridden curbside garbage and locals launch a disgusting dumpster contest online. Crowds of summer tourists are forced to navigate overflowing bins in the stifling heat, as the pungent perfume of neglected garbage draws scavenging animals and the threat of disease to the Eternal City and locals fume over the city’s refuse management. Rome’s chief physician Antonio Magi has issued a “hygiene alert”, telling AFP this could be upgraded to a health warning, with disease spread through the faeces of insects and animals banqueting on rotting waste. His warning prompted local prosecutors to open an investigation this week into the city’s refuse collection. In the meantime, furious Rome residents have launched a contest on Twitter to find the most fetid dustbins. Discarded pizza boxes or the remains of spaghetti lunches and fruit rinds draw opportunistic seagulls, rats and even wild boars to the streets of Rome, with wolves also spotted closer to the city’s outskirts than ever before. Adding to the indignation of Rome residents is the steep price they are paying for their garbage to rot in the streets. The city spent more than 597 euros ($670) per inhabitant on household waste

treatment in 2017 — by far the highest in the country, ahead of Venice (353 euros) and Florence (266 euros), according to a report by the Openpolis Foundation. But the city lacks infrastructure: of its three main landfills, one has closed and the others were ravaged by fire in recent months. And two biological treatment sites have reduced their activities for maintenance work. ‘DegraDation anD abanDonment’: Some residents make matters worse by simply dumping their old mat-

tresses, fridges and sofas next to garbage bins. But local Salvatore Orlando, 50, told AFP the council was entirely to blame. “Of course it’s the mayor’s fault. You certainly can’t blame the citizens,” he said. “They produce waste, they have to throw it away, and the public services have to collect it. It’s simple. We pay taxes for it”.

Rome’s mayor and the president of the Lazio region both assured Italy’s environment minister Tuesday that the crisis would be resolved “within 15 days”. But to do so, more of the city’s 5,000 tons of daily waste will have to be sent for incineration elsewhere. “Everyone complains about waste but no one wants an incinerator. Instead, we take the waste abroad, to Austria, to Germany!”, another aggrieved resident said, declining to give his name. Even Pope Francis has commented on the decline, lamenting in June Rome’s “degradation and abandonment”. Italy’s Interior Minister Matteo Salvini, head of the far-right League, has jumped on the chance to use the crisis as a political weapon against mayor Virginia Raggi, who hails from the anti-establishment Five Star Movement (M5S). The stench and sticky pavements have given him ammunition ahead of the next municipal elections, scheduled for 2021. But in a city where key sectors are riddled with inefficiency and corruption, residents will wonder whether Salvini has a magic recipe for resolving a situation that has stumped parties over the years across the political spectrum. In the meantime, rubbish is just one more daily challenge in a city with countless potholes, trees that topple at the first gust of wind and buses that catch fire — if their engines start at all.

Sunday, 14 July, 2019


World Bank Court orders Pakistan Pay $5.8 Billion damaGes to tethyan CoPPer Government decides to form Pak-China Business Forum Planning Minister Makhdoom Khusro Bakhtiar revealed on Saturday that the government has decided to form a ‘Pak-China Business Council’, adding that names of leading businessmen have been forwarded to the Chinese embassy in this regard. Addressing a press conference in Islamabad, the minister said the second phase of China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is being initiated and the government will constitute a CPEC authority of highly skilled and modernised human resources to upgrade the existing structure for speedy and focused execution of the projects. He said a bill to this effect will soon be introduced in the parliament. “The joint business council will include people from the private sector, as that will help in speedy implementation of industrial and agricultural projects under the second phase of CPEC,” the minister said. “We intend to make the business community an integral part of CPEC.” On a query, Bakhtiar said the Gwadar Master Plan is in the last phase and would be presented soon. “Implementing the master plan, Gwadar will become one of the best port cities in the world.” On another question, he said the project of ML-1 (Karachi-Peshawar) is worth $8.5 billion and will be completed in three phases. “The foreign minister of Afghanistan has proposed a railway track from Mazar Sharif to Peshawar,” Bakhtiar informed, adding that CPEC also has many projects related to the uplift of the railway network. BUSINESS DESK




World Bank arbitration court has ordered the Pakistani government pay damages of $5.8 billion to Tethyan Copper, a joint venture between Chile’s Antofagasta Plc and Canada’s Barrick Gold, the Chilean miner said late on Friday. Meanwhile, Pakistan has decided to challenge the verdict in an international court. Tethyan Copper discovered vast mineral wealth more than a decade ago in Reko Diq, at the foot of an extinct volcano near Pakistan’s frontier with Iran and Afghanistan. The deposit was set to rank among the world’s biggest untapped copper and gold mines. The company said it had invested more than $220 million by the time Pakistan’s government, in 2011, unexpectedly refused to grant them the mining lease needed to keep operating. The World Bank’s International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) ruled against Pak-

istan in 2017, but until now had yet to determine the damages owed to Tethyan. Tethyan board chair William Hayes said in a statement the company was still “willing to strike a deal with Pakistan,” but added that “it would continue protecting its commercial and legal interests until the dispute was over.” The Reko Diq mine has become a test case for Prime Minister Imran

Khan’s ability to attract serious foreign investment to Pakistan as it struggles to stave off an economic crisis that has forced it to seek an International Monetary Fund bailout. Pakistan’s military sees Reko Diq as a strategic national asset and had taken a key role in its development amid the dispute with Antofagasta and Barrick, sources familiar with the situation told Reuters earlier this year.

PAKISTAN LOSES APPEAL AGAINST BROADSHEET, ASKED TO PAY $33 MILLION Pakistan has lost yet another case against Broadsheet LLC, as its plea has been dismissed by the London High Court, setting the total payable amount at around $33 million, a private media outlet reported on Saturday. The London Court of International Arbitration (LCIA) had awarded Islamabad a penalty of some $22 million in the Broadsheet LLC case late last year. Dissatisfied, the state of Pakistan and the National Accountability Bureau (NAB) then filed an appeal in London High Court under the UK Arbitration Act in early March this year. In the application, Pakistan maintained that the tribunal had failed to conduct the proceedings in accordance with the procedures agreed by the parties and the LCIA did not comply with the requirements of the award. As claimants, the NAB and the state had appealed to review the award decision. Broadsheet, a company incorporated in the Isle of Man, was hired by the NAB during former president Pervez Musharraf’s regime to investigate hidden assets of over 150 Pakistanis abroad including the Sharif family. The agreement, however, was terminated by the NAB in 2003. After that, the company filed a claim against Pakistan worth millions of dollars in damages. BUSINESS DESK

China to relax residency curbs, support employment BEIJING: China will relax residency curbs in smaller cities and support employment in rural areas and at small firms, the country’s human resources ministry said, in a fresh push to boost employment and revive economic growth. The government will scrap restrictions on coveted household registration permits for college graduates in smaller, or so-called lower-tier cities, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security said in a statement. Such permits, known as “hukou”, have been used to control internal migration in China for many years. Without a permit, a resident of a city is denied access to many public services, such as education and healthcare, in another city. These restrictions have often been blamed for pushing migrants to the margins of society in China’s cities. The government will also support employment in rural areas and at small firms by simplifying the employment process and offering insurance subsidies, according to the statement. It will support university graduates to start businesses, the statement added. An official in June survey showed factories were shedding jobs at the fastest pace since the global crisis, a major worry for Beijing. AGENCIES

ISLAMABAD: Shops remained closed at Melody Market on Saturday in protest to the government’s imposition of 17pc value-added tax on traders. ONLINE

US regulators approve $5 billion Facebook settlement over privacy issues The US Federal Trade Commission approved a roughly $5 billion settlement with Facebook Inc over its investigation into the social media company’s handling of user data, a source familiar with the situation said. The FTC has been investigating allegations Facebook inappropriately shared information belonging to 87 million users with the now-defunct British political consulting firm Cambridge Analytica. The probe has focused on whether the data sharing violated a 2011 consent agreement between Facebook and the regulator. Investors cheered news of the deal and pushed Facebook shares up 1.8pc, while several powerful Democratic law-

makers in Washington condemned the proposed penalty as inadequate. The FTC is expected to include in the settlement other restrictions on how Facebook treats user privacy, according to the Wall Street Journal, which also said that the agency vote was along party lines, with three Republicans voting to approve it and two Democrats opposed. The settlement would be the largest civil penalty ever paid to the agency. The FTC and Facebook declined to comment. Representative David Cicilline, a Democrat and chair of a congressional antitrust panel, called the $5 billion penalty “a Christmas present five months early.” “This fine is a fraction of Facebook’s annual revenue. It won’t make them

think twice about their responsibility to protect user data,” he said. Facebook’s revenue for the first quarter of this year was $15.1 billion while its net income was $2.43 billion. It would have been higher, but Facebook set aside $3 billion for the FTC penalty. While the deal resolves a major regulatory headache for Facebook, the Silicon Valley firm still faces further potential antitrust probes as the FTC and Justice Department undertake a wideranging review of competition among the biggest US tech companies. It is also facing public criticism from President Donald Trump and others about its planned cryptocurrency Libra over concerns about privacy and money laundering.

The Cambridge Analytica missteps, as well as anger over hate speech and misinformation on its platform, have also prompted calls from people ranging from presidential candidate Senator Elizabeth Warren to a Facebook cofounder, Chris Hughes, for the government to force the social media giant to sell Instagram, which it bought in 2012, and WhatsApp, purchased in 2014. But the company’s core business has proven resilient, as Facebook blew past earnings estimates in the past two quarters. While details of the agreement are unknown, in a letter to the FTC earlier this year, Senators Richard Blumenthal, a Democrat, and Josh Hawley, a Republican, told the agency that even a $5 bil-

lion civil penalty was too little and that top officials, potentially including founder Mark Zuckerberg, should be held personally responsible. FTC Commissioner Rohit Chopra, a Democrat, has said the agency should hold executives responsible for violations of consent decrees if they participated in the violations. Chopra did not respond to requests for comment on Friday. The settlement still needs to be finalized by the Justice Department’s Civil Division and a final announcement could come as early as next week, the source said. A source knowledgeable about the settlement negotiations had told Reuters in May any agreement would put Facebook under 20 years of oversight. AGENCIES

Sunday, 14 July, 2019


As many as 50 scholars from Pakistan participated in the World Scholar’s Cup Mini-Global Round, which was held in Astana, Kazakhstan, from 9th July to 12th July 2019. Nineteen scholars from Lahore Grammar School (1A1 Gulberg) won over a 100 gold and silver medals as well as awards in writing, debates and quizzes from science, unsolved mysteries, history, literature, social studies, art and music. PR

KARACHI: A student receives her degree from State Minister for Health Dr Zafar Mirza during the 6th Convocation of Bahria University’s Medical and Dental College. PR

after honda, toyota to halt production in Pakistan After the decision of Honda Atlas Cars Pakistan (HACP) to shut down its plant for 10 days, Indus Motor Company (IMC), which produces Toyota models in Pakistan, has also decided to stop car production for eight days, two days every week, in July, a private media house reported. HACP’s decision came as its inventories piled up to 2,000 units on plummeting car sales amid rising prices due to imposition of new, higher taxes in the budget and steep currency devaluation in the recent weeks. Honda had kept its plant closed for two days earlier last week. Meanwhile, a Pakistan Suzuki Motor Company spokesman said the company will take decision whether or not to cut down production in the next few days after analysing sales trend and flow of booking orders during the present month. HACP and IMC executives, on the condition of anonymity, said their decision to scale down production during July was informed by extremely lacklustre sales in the first 10 days of the current month. “Our inventories from the last month and the first 10 days of July have grown rapidly because of steep increase in car prices after currency devaluation as well as imposition of Advance Customs Duty (ACD) on all our imports and Federal Excise Duty (FED) on assembled cars, leaving us with no option but to shut down the plant to cut production. “If the present trend holds, we expect our sales to drop to less than 30,000 units this business year (April 2019-March 2020) from over 48,000 units last year,” a senior executive of HACP elaborated. An IMC official also gave the same reasons for “observing eight no-production days” during July. “It is a very serious situation for the local car manufacturers who are piling up inventories,” he said. But he did not give the size of inventory his company has built so far, saying the production cuts could increase next month if sales do not pick up. The sales have been on the decrease for the last three months as total car and light commercial vehicles (LCV) volume contracted by 5pc to 17,561 units in June from a year ago. Overall, the car and LCV sales plunged by 7pc during the last fiscal year to 240,335 units from the previous year. The impact of implementation of 5pc ACD on all raw materials and parts used by the local assemblers and imposition of 2.5-7.5pc FED from July 1 has started resulting in a further decline in sales. Industry sources expect a significantly large dip in sales at the end of the year. It may be recalled that the industry was expecting to increase its sales to half a million units by 2022. BUSINESS DESK




HINA has stepped up its efforts to explore Pakistan’s northern region, as it mulls importing the country’s popular fruits. A delegation of Chinese quarantine experts and government officials recently visited the picturesque Gilgit-Baltistan region – home to cherry orchards – in Pakistan. They checked the farm-to-market quality of Pakistani cherry and, according to Pakistani officials, the visitors returned home satisfied. There is a possibility that China would soon start the import of cherries from Pakistan. A group of journalists, including those from Economic Daily – China Economic Net (CEN), went to a cherry orchard in the Gilgit–Baltistan region and talked with officials, growers and exporters for the fruit’s export to China. They held a meeting with Gilgit Baltistan Chief Minister Hafiz Hafeezur Rehman and inquired from him the potential and opportunity for promoting trade and economic ties between China and GB. Currently, China imports a bulk of its cherry from South American countries to meet the growing demand of the exotic fruit. “China wants to gain market access for cherry from Gilgit-Baltistan – something which it didn’t have access earlier,” said Shahid Abdullah, Deputy

Director of the Directorate of Plant Protection Department, Ministry of National Food Security. “Gilgit-Baltistan produces 4,000 metric tonnes of cherry per season. And since local consumption is limited, farmers export the fruit,” Abdullah said. Cherry is an easily perishable fruit – with little shelf life – so Pakistan has been looking for nearby destinations to export the fruit, he said, adding that China, being a next-door neighbour with an evergrowing appetite for the fruit, is the most viable option in this regard. “In the past, we would send samples, but they were never accepted. Now, China has finally agreed to take a step forward by sending its officials to Pakistan,” Abdullah said. The Chinese quarantine experts’ delegation visited cherry orchards to see if there was any disease or pest in the fruit that could become a concern of quarantine. “Their major concern was fruit fly, but they didn’t find any,” Abdullah informed. He said the delegates collected samples of leaves and bark of cherry trees for pathologists back home to ensure the fruit is disease-free. “The two countries are expected to complete pest risk analysis (PRA) – an international requirement – before the export formally starts.” He said the Chinese side will also be preparing a post-visit report in which experts might mention mitigation measures and recommenda-


All Pakistan Anjuman-e-Tajran (APAT) Central General Secretary Naeem Mir on Saturday announced that the traders will not submit their tax returns for 2019 until acceptance of their genuine demands. “If the demands are not fulfilled on time, the traders will also refuse to submit their commercial power bills,” he warned while addressing the protesting traders at Faisal Chowk. He congratulated the traders’ community on the successful shutter-down strike across the country. “This indicates that the traders’ issues are genuine.” He, however, said the traders are in favour of dialogues and stand ready to negotiate with Prime Minister Imran Khan. Mir suggested that renowned chartered accountant from Karachi, Ashfaq Tola, who was also the chief of the Federal Board of Revenue’s anomaly committee, can assist the PM in staring the dialogue process with the traders. The APAT official severely criticised the government’s taxation policies, terming them ‘unfair’. He lamented that the government is trying to divide the business community instead of resolving their issues. He said that imposition of unjustified 17 per cent sales tax, turnover tax and

CNIC-based invoicing system has made it impossible for traders to run their businesses. “The FBR is not ready to listen to the traders due to which the business community is worried while people are also facing record inflation,” he said, demanding the prime minister to announce necessary amendments in the budget. “Our demands are genuine and true and we will fight till the end for the redressal of our issues. We will decide our next course of action after due consultations with other trading groups. We are mulling to hold a long march to the FBR’s office, a possible sit-in or a shutter down strike for an indefinite period,” he maintained. The official deplored that without introducing any reforms in the FBR, the government handed over the budget matters to the International Monetary Fund. He said that an increase in dollar price has brought a new wave of inflation in the country, while the imposition of new taxes in the budget has also heavily dented of the business community. Leaders of different trade markets — Amjad Ch, Waqar Ahmed Mian, Haji Hanif, Malik Amanat, Sohail Mehmood Butt, Imran Bashir, Sheikh Irfan Iqbal, Mian Tahir Subhani, Malik Farooq Hafiz, Agha Zulfiqar, Syed Azmat Shah and Malik Kaleem– were present on the occasion.

tions to rectify the issues, if any. “The delegation also visited laboratories. We have integrated pest management (IPM) lab that has biological control agents. There are controls in the lab for things found in the plant, like preys in the orchards, refrigerator requirements, etc,” the ministry official said. The delegates also visited the pack houses in GB, where cherries are processed to increase their shelf lives. About transportation, the official said shipping containers carrying cherries would be sent by road via Sost dry port on the China-Pakistan border. “Getting access to the Chinese market for cherry export will be a major breakthrough, which can be followed by the export of apricot and potatoes.” Meanwhile, GB Chamber of Commerce and Industry (GBCCI) President Imran Ali said the Chinese delegation has assured that they would remove hurdles to ensure the import of cherry from Pakistan. “They [Chinese officials] said they will also recommend their government to import Pakistan’s cherry, which is purely organic.” He said the Chinese delegation was satisfied with everything – from the quality of the fruit to processing and packaging. It may be mentioned that CEN recently contacted the Chinese Embassy in Pakistan. Wang Zhihua, Economic and Commercial Counsellor of Chinese Embassy in Pakistan, said that China’s efforts to promote the field visit and inspection and quarantine of Pakistani cherry is the first step towards achieving the goal of Pakistan’s cherry export to China. “The embassy will continue to promote relevant work in the future, and will strive to enable Chinese consumers to taste the delicious Pakistani cherries as soon as possible,” he added.

imF releases $5.4bn loan tranche to argentina The International Monetary Fund completed a review Friday of Argentina’s economic performance, allowing the release of $5.4 billion to the country in a loan program intended to help stabilize its economy. The IMF board approved the fourth review of the South American country’s performance under the loan deal signed last year. “The Argentine authorities continue to show a strong commitment to their economic policy program, meeting all applicable targets under the Fund-supported program,” said IMF Managing Director David Lipton in a statement, noting that financial markets have stabilized. Lipton also said that inflation, while still high, had decreased and appeared to be on an overall downward path. “The economy is beginning a gradual recovery from last year’s recession,” he said. Despite the IMF’s confidence, American credit rating agency Moody’s changed Argentina’s outlook on Friday from stable to negative. Moody’s based its decision on “increased uncertainty” that Argentina would continue to implement policies that would stabilize its economy and its currency, it said in a statement. President Mauricio Macri has faced increasing pressure over the misfiring economy with presidential elections set for October. He was forced to impose austerity measures as authorities struggled to stabilize the currency and rein in inflation to ensure access to IMF funding. AGENCIES

Japan-South Korea feud deepens with disputed accounts of trade meeting TOKYO AGENCIES

A row between Japan and South Korea escalated on Saturday, with contested accounts of a frosty meeting the day before that had failed to make progress on a dispute that could threaten global supplies of microchips and smartphone displays. Tokyo lodged a protest against Seoul, saying it had broken an agreement on what the two sides would disclose from the Friday discussions on Japan’s curbs of exports to Korea of some materials used to make high-tech

equipment, said Japanese trade ministry official Jun Iwamatsu. Japan’s Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) also disputed a Korean official’s statement that Seoul had asked Japan on Friday to withdraw the restrictions. But a Korean trade ministry official shot back that Seoul had “clearly demanded Japan withdraw its trade restrictions at yesterday’s meeting, and there should be no disagreement over that matter with Japan.” He told Reuters the two sides had discussed what they would disclose but that there was no agreement. “I am frustrated,” said the Korean official,

who declined to be named due to the sensitivity of the matter. Japan recently tightened restrictions on the export of three materials used in high-tech equipment, citing what it has called “inadequate management” of sensitive items exported to South Korea, as well as a lack of consultations about export controls. But the dispute also appears to be rooted in a decades-old wartime disagreement. It comes amid deep frustration in Japan over what Tokyo sees as Seoul’s failure to act in response to a South Korean court ruling ordering a Japanese company to compensate former forced labourers

from the Second World War. In the Friday talks, South Korean officials expressed regret over Japan’s export restrictions and asked Tokyo to remove them, participant Han Cheol-hee, a trade ministry director, told reporters as he was leaving Japan on Saturday. In response, Iwamatsu, director of METI’s trade control policy division, told a hastily arranged news conference: “We’ve checked the record of the meeting ... We found no clear comment asking for the withdrawal.” Iwamatsu said the two sides had agreed on what they would disclose from the talks but that the Korean official went be-

yond the agreement. “We believe this is something that affects our relationship of trust,” he said. One reason for the sensitivity over characterising the talks could be a Japanese fear that if Korea can assert that it used consultations and unsuccessfully sought to have Tokyo withdraw the curbs, Seoul could justify escalating the matter to the World Trade Organisation. “The nature of the meeting is not a consultation, but an occasion where Japan gives explanation after getting a request from the South Korean government,” Iwamatsu said. “Therefore we would like to correct an expression from a South

Korean official that the meeting can appropriately be described as a consultation for problem solving.” Friday’s talks began with two negotiators from each side facing off in stony silence in a small meeting room, without greeting each other and with the Japanese officials not standing or bowing when their Korean counterparts entered. A Japanese official later explained that the bureaucrats had earlier met and exchanged greetings. South Korean media, however, reported there was a “cold reception” for their officials, and that the meeting took place in a room that looked like a “garage”.



Sunday, 14 July, 2019


No one to root for here

The Tube

aj Shahzeb Khanzada ke Saath, with all due respect to Capital Talk, has squarely become Geo’s flagship programme, a claim it couldn’t make as strongly as it could in its last avatar with Kamran Khan. But this isn’t a Geo thing; Shahzeb and his team produce the best news programme on the airwaves right now. Granted, the competition isn’t quite as high these days. Shahzeb’s well-researched programme pushes the envelope in what is and isn’t allowed to be said on air these days. However, since the aforementioned envelope isn’t all too high, he ends up becoming frustrated. a tongue-in-cheek method to circumvent the problem, of course, is to talk abou….something else. But to still talk about the issue at hand. When a couple of weeks ago, he let it rip about a country where the military is calling the shots and both the political opposition and the media were facing a severe crackdown, casual TV viewers and web surfers suddenly sat up and started noticing. How on earth did Geo run this, a question on everyone’s mind. Only at the end of the editorial did Shahzeb reveal that he was talking about Egypt. a similar technique this week, this time talking about an elected prime minister hounded out by a compromised judiciary - one that conceded in the subsequent years that it had indeed given judgments that were not fair - and thrown out of

Free to discuss history, till further notice office. That a character assassination campaign had started against him and also his daughter, who was his political successor. again, lest one think Geo is going in with guns blazing, Shahzeb was talking about Zulfikar ali Bhutto and played a clip of General Zia-ul-Haq. This technique is fertile with opportunity. The cyclical nature of history is such that whatever is happening at any given point in time, is only a refracted repetition of an event in history. The great historian Thucydides, in a moment of pride about his compiled history of the Peloponnesian War, said that this war contained within it, all the wars before it, and all the wars that will take place after it. He might have said this in a moment of hubris, but military theorists actually have

Amir rizvi

The writer has translated Urdu satires into English. His noted works include the books through the Wall Crack and Manto Revisited, English translation of satirical work of acclaimed Urdu writers Atta ul Haq Qasmi and Saadat Hasan Manto, respectively. He may be contacted at:


any times, their quarrel took a fresh start from the scratch. arguments from the both sides kept on being repeated. I and my wife arbitrated between them as much as we could, but to no avail. I felt that both yazdani and Tahira were not satisfied with their quarrel. Their heightened state of emotions was sparking the fight or flight response from time to time. But it was leading to nowhere. I contemplated a lot what yazdani and Tahira wanted, but couldn’t reach any conclusion. Realising that there was no way out of the situation they were in, I proposed them to get separate if they couldn’t get along. Tahira remained silent, but yazdani uttered resentfully, “Separation is not the solution. It


T’S plain for everyone to see that the news media is under a pressure that has been unprecedented in recent times. Interviews of both asif Zardari (perfectly legal, I should hasten to add) and Maryam nawaz (again, absolutely legal, all over the world) have been scrapped. In addition, of course, to scuttling the distribution of newspapers and clamping down on local cable networks. In this context, if any government functionary were to attend an international conference, specially if on free speech, he or she should have well-rehearsed response to the

been studying his book to eke out lessons about ongoing conflicts. The problem, of course, is that it is a matter of time before the powers that be stop the media from discussing history. They’ve already stopped the academia from discussing the rather unsavoury aspects of our national history, haven’t they? again, the same old joke applies: a (Burmese) person was protesting on the street, shouting ‘The army are thugs! The army is full of thugs!’ The police arrive on the spot and whisk him away for raising slogans against a state institution. Scared, the fellow tries to talk his way out of it; I was talking about the Cambodian army. The cops slap him again. “Do you think we’re idiots, they ask. “Don’t we know which country’s army is full of thugs?” g

Tu Tu – (Part ii) Saadat Hasan Manto translated by Amir Rizvi should end up in divorce.” “Divorce, divorce, divorce… Why don’t you divorce me? Did I ever insist you not to divorce me?” Tahira shouted. “Sure, I will. yes I’ll divorce you – very soon,” yazdani replied firmly. “I want it today – Divorce me now,” Tahira said. yazdani advanced toward the telephone, “I am going to talk to Molvi Sahib. When I found that situation was further worsening, I obstructed him and said, “Don’t be silly. Calm down now.” Simultaneously, my wife gave a shut up call to Tahira, “Tahira, stop this nonsense.” “This nonsense will not stop now. This will only eventuate in a divorce,” Tahira replied. “Do you hear that?” yazdani addressed me and again advanced towards the telephone. But I again obstructed him. “after divorcing me, he’ll marry that cheap actress,” Tahira addressed my wife. “and you?” yazdani asked Tahira. “I’ll marry him… I’ll marry the handsomest guy, anayat Khan,” Tahira replied him. “It’s more than enough. She has crossed every limit. you step aside,” addressing me; yazdani picked up the phone directory and began searching for Molvi Sahib’s phone number. When he was dialling the number, I didn’t like to stop him. He tried a couple of times but couldn’t get through. I tried to keep him away from his motive when I chanced to get his

attention. My wife also requested him for the same, but that didn’t work too. Thereupon Tahira addressed my wife, “Safia, you don’t request him. This man has a heart of stone. I’ll show you letters which he wrote me before marriage. according to his letters he was the one who would fulfil all my dreams. and today, you see, he couldn’t care less for me.” yazdani once more tried to dial the number. Tahira kept on telling, “He was a great fan of my father’s music. He had prided himself that a great artist like my father had accepted him as his son-in-law. To become a part of our family, he even licked my father’s boots. and today he has forgotten every such thing. He’s such an ungrateful man.” yazdani kept on dialling the number. “He considers you like a brother. He used to say that he would follow you whatever you would ask him to do. But now you see, he’s calling Molvi Sahib to divorce me,” this time Tahira addressed me. I pushed the telephone away and said, “Leave it now yazdani. Enough is enough.” “no,” he uttered and pulled the telephone back. “Leave him brother. He has no feelings for me. Even not for Tu Tu,” Tahira said. “Don’t you talk about Tu Tu.” Why shouldn’t I talk about him?” Tahira asked angrily. yazdani slammed down the receiver, and said, “He is mine.” Tahira stood up and said, “How come he’s

(frankly true) allegations. Foreign minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi didn’t, when he was heckled at a conference in London this week. Heckled by a commentator Ezra Levant, who pointed out the irony of Qureshi, a cabinet member of such a regime, to be speaking at an event like this, the foreign minister’s response was a mumbling set of sentences. not quite his finest hour. Probably has gotten a little too used to the nowpliant Pakistani news media. Later on, however, it was revealed the Levant is employed over at Rebel Media a far-right Canadian outfit. Proper Islamophobia and rightist claptrap. It also posed an interesting ethical dilemma. Does one cheer a horrible person if he or she says something right? The likes of Rebel Media are increasingly profitable outlets that make their money by appealing to working class whites in the west. This led to an interesting quip on social media, regarding the clash between the bigot and the pir: one man who has made a lot of money by misrepresenting Islam to poor people shouting at another man who has made a lot of money by misrepresenting Islam to poor people. g

yours, when I am not yours? you even cannot talk about him.” yazdani thought for a while, and then said, “I’ll make some arrangements.” Tahira turned pale, and said, “What do you mean? Will you snatch Tu Tu from me?” “Sure, I’ll,” yazdani uttered in a firm tone. Tahira, uttering a harsh scream from the top of her lungs, fainted down. My wife had to hold her to keep her from falling. yazdani became severely tensed. He called up various doctors, felt her pulse, checked her heartbeat and breathing, and sprinkled water on her face. When Tahira recovered, she found yazdani massaging her hand, and saying, “My darling, Tu Tu is yours, he’s yours.” Tahira started crying, “no, he’s yours.” yazdani began kissing Tahira’s tearful eyes, and said, “Daring I am yours, you are mine. Tu Tu belongs to both of us.” I hinted my wife to leave. I followed her when she left. “Who’s Tu Tu,” after sitting in a taxi, I asked my wife. She laughed her head off and replied, “Their son.” “Their son?” I asked shockingly. My wife shook her head in affirmation. “It’s a four-month-old foetus. I mean it’s an unborn offspring of them.” after four months of that incident, I was sitting idly in the balcony when telephone rang. But it stopped ringing before I got up. after a short while when my wife came to me, I asked her who was on the phone. “yazdani Sahib,” She replied. “Was it about a new quarrel?” I enquired. “no, Tahira has delivered a baby girl… a dead baby girl…” after telling me that, she walked away, sobbing. It set me thinking that which Tu Tu would come to resolve the issue when they would quarrel next time. g

Sunday, 14 July, 2019

14 SportS

HAlep tHwArts serenA HIstory BId wItH wIMBledon FInAl trIuMpH




IMONA Halep torpedoed Serena Williams's latest bid to capture a recordequalling 24th Grand Slam on Saturday when she stormed to a sensational victory in a 56-minute Wimbledon final. The 27-year-old romanian captured her second career major with a 6-2, 6-2 victory adding a maiden Wimbledon -- the first for her country in both men's and women's singles -- to her 2018 roland Garros triumph.

Defeat for 37-year-old Williams, a seven-time Wimbledon champion who won the last of her 23 Slam titles at the 2017 Australian Open, meant her attempt to equal Margaret Court's all-time record for major wins was put back on ice until at least the US Open. "My mom said when I was 10 that if I want to do something in tennis I have to play in the final at Wimbledon," said Halep. "I had lots of nerves, my stomach wasn't very well. I have never played a better match. "I said at the start of the tournament that one of my motivations was to win and become a life-

time member of the club." Williams bluntly admitted she had not been at the races against a superior opponent. "She played out of her mind. I was like a deer in the headlights," said Williams. Williams was undone by 26 unforced errors to Halep's two. Williams may have kept Halep waiting to go on court but if she hoped that would upset her opponent it did quite the opposite. Indeed the Halep fan who burst into song -waving a romanian scarf from the 2015 rugby World Cup -- singing "We love you Simona, we do!" served to give her the boost to rattle Williams from the start. A flashing forehand crosscourt set the tone and she broke her in the first game. She broke again to lead 3-0 -- things clearly not going Williams's way when a Halep shot clipped the net and went over but the American's shot also clipped the net but failed to go over. Already 3-0 down after eight minutes, Williams was completely at sea and by the time Halep served to lead 4-0 Williams had won just six points. She finally got on the board with her next service game but Halep had little trouble in sealing the set which included another remarkable point from the romanian. The 27-year-old raced to retrieve an incredible get which sneaked over the net and Williams was only able to put her shot into the net. Williams -- who has let slip opportunities to equal Court's record in last year's Wimbledon and US Open finals -- appeared to at last get fired up in the first game of the second set. She let out a long yell at the ground when she won a point on her serve and another on the next point.

Amir Khan beats Billy Dib to claim WBC international welterweight title JEDDAH AGENCIES


rITAIN’s Amir Khan claimed the WBC international welterweight title with a fourth-round stoppage of Australian Billy Dib in Saudi Arabia. Khan floored Dib in the second round with a fierce left hook at King Abdullah Sports City in Jeddah. A rapid combination of punches then saw Dib fall to the canvas again, prompting his corner to throw in the towel. After the fight, Khan said he wanted to face former four-weight world champion Manny Pacquiao next. Dib only took the fight in June after Khan’s original opponent Neeraj Goyat withdrew after being injured in a car crash. It was an explosive display by Khan, who was looking to bounce back from his controversial defeat by WBO welterweight champion Terence Crawford in April, which saw him accused of “quitting” after his corner pulled him out following a low blow from the American in the sixth round.

After flooring Dib with a counter left hook in the second, another left hook in the third saw the Australian shaken but able to stay on his feet. There would be no escape in the fourth, though, as a double left hook followed up by a rapid combination saw Dib go down again and prompt the towel to be thrown. The Sydney-born fighter, who has held a world title at featherweight, moved up to make his welterweight debut having only been confirmed as Khan’s opponent last month. He described the opportunity as

his “real-life rocky moment”, but was unable to cope with Khan’s superior speed and power. Having disposed of the Australian, Khan told TalkSport, “We want the Manny Pacquiao fight, let’s hope he comes to Saudi Arabia. “Hopefully we come back again at the end of the year and bring Pacquiao here.” On the Dib fight, he said he felt “very comfortable”. “I slowed myself down a little bit instead of rushing all the time,” he added. “I was seeing everything, mak-

ing sure I was putting in the right shots.” Fury wins again against Peter Hughie Fury fought on the undercard in Jeddah and continued his climb up the heavyweight division with victory against Samuel Peter, who was forced to withdraw in the seventh round after appearing to injure his shoulder as the referee sought to break up the fighters. The referee was caught by a glancing blow from Peter as he intervened and ended up with a bloodied nose, with the Nigerian eventually pulling out after several minutes of deliberation. Fury had been in control at that stage, looking to keep his distance against a fighter with 31 KOs to his name but who resorted to increasingly underhand tactics. Peter, 38, had already been deducted a point in the fourth after landing a huge left hook after being asked to break by the referee. He was then guilty of low blows in the fifth, sixth and seventh rounds that went unpunished, before suffering the fight-ending injury.

How the first week of the Tour de France unfolded PARIS AGENCIES

After an eventful first week on the Tour de France, AFP Sport takes a look back at each stage so far: Stage one: Brussels – Brussels Out of nowhere the Netherlands’ Mike Teunissen emerged from a late crash in the jaunt around Belgium to take the stage win and the yellow jersey that he said was “mine forever and no one can ever take off me”. Stage two: Brussels – Brussels (team time-trial) reigning champion Geraint Thomas’ Ineos went out first and set a blistering pace, but were denied at the death as the team of the Tour so far, Jumbo-Visma, won by a margin after coming down the ramp last.

Stage three: Binche – Epernay Former soldier Julian Alaphilippe cried as the host country cracked open the bubbly when he became the first Frenchman to take the yellow jersey in five years, roaring through the champagne vineyards with a gun-slinging 15km ‘break for the border’ dash. Stage four: Reims – Nancy “I’ve done it at last,” said Elia Viviani after his win at 70 kph completed a Grand Tour hat-trick to add to his Giro and Vuelta stage victories. But the spotlight was firmly fixed on Frenchman Alaphilippe in the leader’s livery as his name was shouted by spectators from start to finish. Stage five: Saint-Die-Des-Vosges to Colmar While Alaphilippe was cheered throughout for a second straight day, Slo-

vakia’s Peter Sagan won his 12th Tour de France stage, reserving enough strength over the hills of Alsace to storm a reduced bunch sprint. Stage six: Mulhouse – La Planche des Belles Filles Welshman Thomas defied his doubters by putting time into all of his key rivals for the overall title as Belgian Dylan Teuns won atop La Planche des Belles Filles and his breakaway partner, Italian Giulio Ciccone, snatched the yellow jersey on the iconic mountain stage. Stage seven: Belfort – Chalon-sur-Saone Dutch speed king Dylan Groenewegen came out on top to win a tight bunch sprint and make up for his disappointment on stage 1 in Brussels, where he had been well-placed to win but instead fell and watched the finale while sat on the tarmac shouting in anger.


Atletico will take Griezmann grievance to FIFA MADRID AGENCIES

Atletico Madrid will challenge the amount Barcelona paid to acquite Antoine Griezmann’s transfer, Spanish media reported on Saturday. Sports daily AS said Atletico will go to FIFA, the governing body of world football, to argue that Barcelona owe more than the 120 million euros ($135 million) release clause deposited by a lawyer for the player on Friday. AS wrote that Atletico wants to have both Barcelona and Griezmann punished. Contacted by AFP on Saturday, the club refused to comment. Atletico complained that Barcelona and Griezmann negotiated the deal before the buy-out price dropped from 200 million euros at the start of July. “Atletico Madrid believes that the termination of the contract took place before the end of last season,” the club said in a statement on Friday, adding that Griezmann had made that clear in his actions and words. Atletico said in a statement that Griezmann had gone to the headquarters of Spanish Football League to “unilaterally” break his contract after Barca met the release clause, and added they had already “begun appropriate procedures” to defend their “rights and legitimate interests”.

Inter Milan sign Italy midfielder Barella from Cagliari MILAN AGENCIES

Inter Milan signed Italy international Nicolo Barella from Cagliari on Friday, the Serie A giants announced. The 22-year-old has joined on an initial season-long loan, with an obligation to then buy on a five-year contract. According to media reports, Inter will pay 10 million euros ($11.27 million) for the loan, and then up to 40 million euros for the permanent deal. Barella played 112 games for his hometown club Cagliari, scoring seven goals, and has netted twice for Italy in seven appearances since making his debut last year. Three-time European champions Inter qualified for this season’s Champions League by finishing fourth in Serie A last term, having been knocked out in the group stage last year in their first appearance in Europe’s premier competition since 2011-12.

Vettel warns Ferrari need to step up to challenge Mercedes SILVERSTONE CIRCUIT AGENCIES

Sebastian Vettel warned Ferrari on Friday his team needs to take a ‘significant step’ if they are to mount a challenge to Mercedes at this weekend’s British Grand Prix. The four-time world champion finished fourth behind pace-setting Valtteri Bottas, the Finn’s Mercedes team-mate Lewis Hamilton and third-placed Charles Leclerc in the second Ferrari. “I’m not entirely happy,” said Vettel. “It was a tricky afternoon. We tried a couple of things. “Now we need to see what of the stuff we tried we keep and what we dismiss. And, hopefully, tomorrow we’ll take a significant step. “Mercedes looked very, very fast and are the ones to beat so we’ll see where we are tomorrow. The car was quite nervous,” he added. Frenchman Leclerc, who was faster than Vettel in both the morning and afternoon sessions, said Mercedes were emphatically faster than Ferrari. “To be honest, on my side, I expected Mercedes to be the team to beat this weekend and they confirmed that today — that they are very, very quick in race pace,” he said. “We need to work. We struggled a lot on race runs and a bit less in qualifying runs, but we still have to find pace,” he added.

Sunday, 14 July, 2019

SportS 15

enGlAnd FACe dAy oF destIny In world Cup FInAl AGAInst new ZeAlAnd LONDON AGENCIES


NGLAND face New Zealand in the World Cup final on Sunday knowing years of planning come down to a single day at Lord’s. When England exited the 2015 edition with an embarrassing defeat by Bangladesh, few were tipping them as potential champions in four years’ time. As England captain Eoin Morgan put it: “If you had offered us the position to play in a final the day after we were knocked out of the 2015 World Cup, I would have laughed at you.” One person not laughing was Andrew Strauss, the former England director of cricket. Drafted into the newly created role, Strauss set about an overhaul that saw the former England captain appoint Australia’s Trevor Bayliss as coach, and place greater emphasis on white-ball cricket. The worth of all that work showed when Morgan’s men, now top of the one-day international rankings, thrashed reigning champions Australia by eight wickets in the semi-final at Edgbaston on Thursday. Many of the elements that made England the pretournament favourites were on show in Birmingham. Pacemen Jofra Archer and Chris Woakes reduced Australia to 14-3, leg-spinner Adil rashid took wickets in the middle and the dynamic duo of Jason roy and Jonny Bairstow — statistically the most successful opening pair in ODI history — launched the run chase with a blistering century partnership. – ‘Fearless’ cricket – The challenge for England is to embrace the hype surrounding Sunday’s fixture without letting it inhibit them from playing their brand of “fearless” cricket. By reaching the final, England have guaranteed an international match will be shown live on free-toair television in Britain for the first time since the iconic 2005 Ashes series — a chance to inspire a new generation. “I think Sunday’s not a day to shy away from, it’s a day to look forward to,” said Morgan, an outrider in English cricket in becoming an ODI specialist when the steely Dubliner realised his Test career had stalled. It is perhaps appropriate that England are facing New Zealand in a final between two sides who have yet to win the World Cup.

maTcH ScHEDULE England VS New Zealand 2:30PM

'needed a solid batsman out there in middle order': shastri NEWS DESk

For it was the Black Caps who showed England how to play the modern one-day game at the 2015 edition in Wellington four years ago. They shot out England for just 123 and then overhauled that total in a mere 12.2 overs. “It was as close to rock-bottom as I’ve been”, said Morgan. “Certainly as a captain and as a player, being beaten off the park like that was humiliating.” England gained a measure of revenge with a 119run thrashing of New Zealand in a group-stage match earlier in this World Cup. But that is unlikely to count for much on Sunday. All tournament long, the same comment has been made about New Zealand — they boast a wellbalanced attack led by left-arm quick Trent Boult but are over-reliant on captain Kane Williamson and fellow senior batsman ross Taylor for their runs. The polite Kiwis have responded by continuing to “scrap”, in the phrase of fast bowler Lockie Ferguson, their way to wins as demonstrated by their

dramatic 18-run semi-final victory over India. Boult and Matt Henry reduced one of the world’s most powerful top orders to 5-3, before left-arm spinner Mitchell Santner, aided by superb fielding, backed them up after Williamson and Taylor had made battling fifties on a tricky pitch. While many members of the home side were not even born when England made the last of three losing appearances in a World Cup final in 1992, the Black Caps have the experience of their heavy defeat by cohosts Australia in the climax of the 2015 edition in Melbourne to call on. “I’d be lying if I said we weren’t a bit overawed by the change of scenery,” said Taylor as he looked back to New Zealand’s first and only match on Australian soil in that tournament. “I think we know what to expect, the pressures that come with it, we’ve been there before. You just have to enjoy it, it’s the ‘Home of Cricket’, I can’t think of a better place to play a final.”

BBc's voice of cricket becomes Tube announcer for World cup final LONDON AGENCIES

Fans heading to the World Cup final at Lord’s will be greeted by announcements at the London Underground station from BBC cricket correspondent Jonathan Agnew. The broadcasts will be relayed to supporters at St John’s Wood as they head to the match on Sunday between host nation England and New Zealand, five minutes’ walk from the station. Agnew, known as “Aggers” by fans, said: “It was great fun spending time in the control room and meeting the wonderful staff who help us travel on the Underground system day in, day out. “I accidentally played one of my announcements out over the Tannoy, which was a bit embarrassing — but I think I got away with it!” The announcements include basic tips for travellers making their way to the game, including advice to those with headwear: “For some reason St John’s Wood is a very windy station so hold on to your hats.” In another message, passengers are told: “To avoid being run out, please hold the handrail on the escalator.” Favourites England and beaten 2015 finalists New Zealand are both aiming to win their first World Cup.

India coach ravi Shastri has acknowledged that the team missed a "solid" middleorder batsman, particularly in the semi-final, where their leading runscorers rohit Sharma and Virat Kohli were dismissed cheaply. His statements come in the context of the talk - from before the World Cup - focused on the No. 4 spot and the middle order in general, which cropped up again following the 18-run defeat to New Zealand on Tuesday. The uncertainty in India's batting order was further compounded by injuries. KL rahul and Vijay Shankar had been seen as No. 4 options when the World Cup squad was picked, and India began the tournament with rahul at that slot. However, rahul moved up to open the innings after Shikhar Dhawan was ruled out due to a hand injury. Vijay batted at No. 4 for a couple of games before being ruled out of the tournament due to a toe injury. Vijay's injury meant that rishabh Pant played at No. 4 in the last four matches. Neither Vijay nor Pant managed a 50plus score from No. 4 position. "In hindsight, yes, we did need a solid batsman out there in the middle order. But now, that's something for the future," Shastri told Indian Express. "That's a position that was always giving us problems, but we just couldn't nail it. rahul was there but then Shikhar Dhawan got injured. Then Vijay Shankar was there, and he got injured. We just couldn't control it." Another much-debated decision by India's selectors was Mayank Agarwal's selection over Ambati rayudu as Vijay's replacement. Agarwal, who is yet to make his ODI debut, was not part of the standby list which had only rayudu and Pant as batsmen. Shastri stated that the team had not thought of picking Agarwal for the semi-final to allow rahul to drop back to the middle order. "Not really, because it got too tight. By the time Mayank came to join us, there wasn't much time," Shastri said. "If there was one more game, that is, if this semi-final was a game later, we would have definitely done it. He flew in, and rahul had just hit a 60, and then a hundred. But I know what you mean; if we had one more game, that could well have been done."

De Villiers defends offer to play for South Africa at World Cup CAPE TOWN AGENCIES

AB de Villiers said he did not expect to be included in South Africa’s squad for the Cricket World Cup after telling captain Faf du Plessis that he was available, as he clarified his role in a selection drama that blew up in England. South Africa endured a miserable tournament, exiting with only three wins from their nine pool matches. Their cause was not helped when it was reported that De Villiers, who had retired from international cricket in May 2018, had spoken to Du Plessis about making himself available on the eve of the team’s squad announcement. That led to accusations that De Villiers, one of the best limited overs batsmen in the world, had been selfish in trying to force his way back into the squad. He said, however, he was only reiterating what he had told an unnamed

Cricket South Africa official a year earlier upon his retirement. “Now the Proteas’ World Cup campaign is over, and the team cannot be distracted, I would like to respond to unjustified criticism of me during the tournament,” De Villiers said in a statement on Friday. “I announced my retirement from international cricket in May 2018 because I wanted to reduce my workload and spend more time with my wife and young sons. Some have insisted I was motivated purely by money. They are wrong. “In truth, I have turned down many lucrative offers to play around the world, and have cut the time spent away from home each year from eight months to just over three months.” De Villiers said that immediately after his retirement he was asked if the door was open for a return to the team, and he confirmed he would consider it. In a phone-call to long-time friend Du

Plessis during this year’s Indian Premier League, he repeated the door was open


“if I was needed”. “I had been in decent form during the Indian Premier League

and casually repeated what I had said when asked a year earlier, that I was available if required … but only if required. “I made absolutely no demands at all. I certainly did not try to force my way into the World Cup squad on the eve of the tournament, and did not expect to be included.” De Villiers said the story was leaked to the media after South Africa’s loss to India, their third in a row at the World Cup, as a way of deflecting attention away from the team’s troubles. “Elements of our private conversation were disclosed to the media, and distorted to cast me in the worst possible light,” he says. “The story was not leaked by me, or anybody associated with me, or by Faf. Maybe someone wanted to deflect criticism. I don’t know. “As a result, I was unfairly described as arrogant, selfish and indecisive but, with all humility, my conscience is clear. I am not angry with anybody.”

Sunday, 14 July, 2019

NEWS Pti govt starts iqama probe against kh asif FIRDOUS SAYS TRADERS WON’T BE ABLE TO BLACKMAIL GOVT INTO SUBMISSION ISLAMABAD: The Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) government will now go after former defence minister Khawaja Asif for holding an Iqama during his tenure as a federal minister. Speaking to reporters, Special Assistant to Prime Minister on Information Dr Firdous Ashiq Awan said the federal cabinet on Saturday approved investigations against Asif to ‘find out’ how a “guarantor of national security became a national security risk himself”. She said that the cabinet has referred the case to the interior ministry for investigation. Referring to the affidavit submitted by Accountability Judge Arshad Malik she said his statement concerning “bribes and intimidation by the Sharif family” were ‘eye-opener’. On the question of the strike by traders all over the country, she said that tax reforms are necessary and it should be implemented all over the country. “However, traders having a political agenda would be dealt with accordingly,” she said, adding the government won’t be “blackmailed” by anyone. She said out of 20,000 traders of Anarkali, only 600 pay taxes. The country should no more be run through borrowing, she added. The traders’ wing of some political parties were compelling the businessmen to observe strike. Speaking about the Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz (PML-N), she said the competition was going on among the PML-N leaders to show their obedience to the Zile-Subhani (Shadow of God) of Jati Umra by holding workers conventions. Firdous said the real forum to prove one’s innocence was the court but the PML-N leadership was reluctant to approach the same for remedy. She said the incumbent government fully believed in freedom of expression as evident from the fact that journalists were writing whatever they wanted. Similarly, there was no restriction for anchor persons to discuss any matter on air, she added. She, however, said the code of conduct being pursued by the Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA) had not been framed by the present government. She said the government stood by the journalists, who were promoting the ‘national interest’. She said the attention of people was being diverted by holding workers conventions. Whosoever was summoned by the National Accountability Bureau (NAB), he/she started making a hue and cry, she added. Firdous said the war of succession had also started at Jati Umra. She said that Shahid Khaqan Abbasi had wasted record public money on his useless foreign tours, calling him the ‘puppet prime minister’ of Nawaz Sharif. stAff RepoRt

'Pakistan mafia Pressurises judiciary to keeP laundered money safe': Pm LAHORE


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day after accountability judge Arshad Malik claimed in an affidavit that he was offered cash bribe by the Sharifs family and was later blackmailed him over a ‘Multan video’, Prime Minister Imran Khan likened Pakistani money laundering suspects to the Sicilian Mafia, who “use bribes, threats and blackmail to pressurise state institutions and the judiciary to protect illegal money”. This was stated by the premier in a tweet linked with a four-year-old news article about a testimony given by former Italian president Giorgio Napolitano during a trial regarding bombings carried out by mobsters in the 1990s. The report also quoted Giorgio Napolitano saying that the attacks had been a form of “extortion or outright pressure aimed at destabilising the entire system.” Linking the case with the situation in Pakistan, the prime minister remarked, “In a similar vein to the “Sicilian mafia”, the Pakistani mafia uses tactics of bribe, threat, blackmail and begging to pressurise state institutions and judiciary in order to protect their billions of money laun-


dering stashed abroad.” A few hours later, he again took to Twitter, quoting Hazrat Ali who said: “Poverty of the people is the

desire of its ruler and officers to amass wealth and possessions whether by fair or foul means.” Taking a jibe at the prime minister,

US soldier among four PML-N’s Abbasi rejects judge’s claims of bribery and intimidation killed in Afghanistan ASKS WHY DIDN’T ARSHAD MALIK TELL SC MONITORING JUDGE IF HE WAS BEING ‘PRESSURISED’ BY PML-N ISLAMABAD stAff RepoRt

Former prime minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi on Saturday said that the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) respected the judiciary and that it didn’t try to bribe or intimidate then-accountability judge Arshad Malik, contrary to the claims of made in the affidavit. Addressing a press conference in Islamabad, the senior PML-N leader said the PML-N did not try to degrade any judge. He said the video was only presented before media after the confirma-

tion by the party. In the light of the judge’s removal and the leaked video, Abbasi demanded that the cases against Nawaz Sharif be quashed and he should be freed. It may be mentioned that in the affidavit the judge accused the PML-N leadership of offering him bribes up to Rs500 million in addition to blackmailing and intimidation tactics when he had refused to cave in. “Why didn’t the judge inform the Supreme Court’s monitoring judge if he had been pressurized,” questioned the PML-N leader. “The matter is now in the Supreme Court,” he said referring to the SC notices to the PML-N leadership for appearance before it on July 16. The apex court will have to decide the case, he said, adding he was ready to face every case and added that he had never been involved in any wrongdoing.



Attackers entered a hotel in western Afghanistan on Saturday and killed at least three security forces in an ongoing incident, an official told AFP. The attack was underway in Qala-e-Naw, the capital of Badghis province, having started around 12:40 pm (08:10 GMT) when a group of men, some wearing suicide vests, entered the hotel. “The attackers have entered a hotel, they are exchanging fire with the security forces,” Aziz Bek, the head of the Badghis provincial council, told AFP. “So far, three security forces have been killed, two wounded.” He added that chil-

26 killed in deadly Somalia hotel siege MOGADISHU

dren had been evacuated from nearby schools, and that explosions could be heard in the city. Nasrat Rahimi, an interior ministry spokesperson, said a group of suicide bombers had entered a hotel and were shooting civilians. Police had surrounded the building, he added. Haroon Amir, a witness, said the attackers first hit a police checkpoint and then entered the hotel. US SOLDIER KILLED: A US service member was killed in action in Afghanistan on Saturday, NATO said, in a Talibanclaimed attack that comes as America tries to forge a peace deal with the insurgents. The soldier is the 10th member of the US military to be killed this year—compared to 12 in all of 2018.

PPP seeks cjP's help for fair by-poll in Ghotki KARACHI


At least 26 people, including several foreigners, were killed and 56 injured in a suicide bomb and gun attack claimed by Al-Shabaab militants on a popular hotel in southern Somalia, a top regional official said Saturday. A suicide bomber rammed a vehicle loaded with explosives into the Medina hotel in the port town of Kismayo on Friday before several heavily armed gunmen forced their way inside, shooting as they went, authorities said. The siege lasted for almost 12 hours and only ended on Saturday morning after clashes with security forces. Three Kenyans, three Tanzanians, two Americans, one British and one Canadian were among the 26 people killed in the attack, president Ahmed Mohamed Islam of the semi-autonomous Jubaland region told a news conference. “There are also two wounded Chinese citizens,” he added. AFP confirmed with family members that at least four of the dead had dual nationality. “The security forces are in control now and the last terrorist was shot and killed”, Mohamed Abdiweli, a security official, said. “There are dead bodies and wounded people strewn inside the hotel,” Abdiweli said. He said authorities believed four gunmen, who one witness described as wearing Somali police uniforms, were involved in the attack.

Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz leader Maryam Nawaz called him out for being a “part of a mafia that pressurises judges into targeting and punishing its political opponents”. Taking to Twitter, Maryam said, “You’re a part of the mafia that pressurises judges into targeting and punishing your political opponents. It is you who used the institutions to settle scores with your opponents and defaced and maligned them in the process. Shame on you.” The tweets came in the background of a leaked video of an accountability court judge, who had reportedly confessed he had been “pressurised and blackmailed” to convict Maryam’s father in the Al-Azizia case. A video containing the judge’s alleged confession during his conversation with a ‘sympathiser’ of the PML-N, Nasir Butt, was screened during a hurriedly-called presser at the party’s provincial headquarters in Model Town, Lahore. Meanwhile, Justice Malik, in an affidavit submitted to the IHC CJ, made shocking claims pertaining to the corruption references against Nawaz. He accused the PML-N leadership and representatives of intimidation as well as harassment after he refused to comply with their wishes.

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Shabaab, the Al-Qaeda-linked group, claimed responsibility for the siege describing it as “a martyrdom attack” “There is chaos inside, I saw several dead bodies carried from the scene and people are fleeing from the nearby buildings,” witness Hussein Muktar said during the assault. “The blast was very big,” he added. The attack is the latest in a long line of bomb-

ing and assaults claimed by Al-Shabaab. Witnesses said among those killed were a well-known social media activist and a local journalist. “The relatives of local journalist Mohamed Sahal confirmed his death and I’m getting that social media activist Hodan Naleyeh and her husband also died in the blast,” witness Ahmed Farhan said.

The Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) on Saturday asked Chief Justice Asif Saeed Khosa to play his role in ensuring transparent by-election in Ghotki’s NA-205 constituency, reported a local media outlet. PPP Secretary General Farhatullah Babar jotted down the letter, saying the federal government was trying to rig polls and that there has been a lot of pressure on the local administration and politicians since the acceptance of PPP candidate’s nomination. “Two mukhtiarkars of Ghotki were abducted to forcefully obtain documents against our candidate. In this regard, FIRs have been registered with the police stations concerned,” he claimed. “Inam Dharejo who was the chairman of Anti-Corruption Establishment & a senior bureaucrat was unilaterally recalled by the federal government because he happened to be the brother of one of covering candidates.” He said: “Our opponents are using all executive powers as local government office holders. This issue has been highlighted through our letter dated 04.07.2019 written to the ECP. However, no response in respect of the same can be seen, thus far.” Besides, an appeal challenging the candidature of PPP’s Sardar Muhammad Bux Mahar was filed before an election tribunal but was dismissed. He said the PPP candidate’s papers were then challenged in the high court that reserved a verdict after hearing arguments and is scheduled to pronounce it on July 16 when campaigning for the by-poll is to end.

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