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Monday, 13 August, 2018 I Zil Hajj 01, 1439 I Rs 20.00 I Vol IX No 46 I 64 Pages I Lahore Edition

INAUGURAL NA SESSION TODAY g

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KhurSheed Shah SaYS PPP wIll SuPPorT all PublIc and naTIonal InTereST legISlaTIon Imran Khan To TaKe oaTh aS Pm on 18 auguST; elecTIon of na SPeaKer, dePuTY SPeaKer on 15 auguST along wITh naTIonal aSSemblY, SIndh, balochISTan and KP aSSemblIeS To alSo have fIrST SeSSIonS TodaY

PTI solIcITs PPP’s suPPorT for NA sPeAker, dePuTy sPeAker ISLAMABAD

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STAFF REPORT

aKISTan Tehreek-eInsaf (PTI) has asked Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) for votes for its candidate for the speaker and deputy speaker in the national assembly (na). leaders of the two parties met on Sunday to hold discussion on the na session scheduled for monday.

PTI spokesperson fawad chaudhry said that he has asked PPP leader Syed Khursheed Shah to withdraw from the race in favour of its candidate asad Qaiser for speaker na. Shah was nominated by the joint opposition for speaker. The meeting was attended by PTI leaders Shafqat mehmood, asad Qaiser, omar ayub and others, while Sherry rehman, naveed Qamar represented PPP.

PTI invites PML-N to Imran’s oath-taking ceremony STORY ON PAGE 02

PTI’s Shaukat Yousafzai to challenge re-election in PK-23 STORY ON PAGE 02

Chaman: At least one person was killed while several injured in a motorcyle blast near the Mall Road.

in today’s issue

STORY ON BACK PAGE

nawaz to be produced in court today in graft cases STORY ON PAGE 03

Eidul Azha on 22 August STORY ON BACK PAGE

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after the meeting, Shah told media that all political leaders should play their role in parliament, adding that his party would support all public and national interest legislation of the new PTI government. criticising the PTI for nominating asad Qaiser for the seat of national assembly Speaker, Khursheed Shah said the speaker should be a senior parliamentarian like himself and naveed Qamar. Prior to the PPP meeting,

fawad ch also met outgoing Speaker ayaz Sadiq. Speaking to the media in the federal capital on Sunday, the PTI spokesperson said that they want all political parties to move forward with them as they consider it essential for a good working relationship. he added that Pakistan is surrounded by problems, which can be resolved only through unity.

CONTINUED ON PAGE 02


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02 NEWS

Monday, 13 August, 2018

PTI To chALLeNge re-eLecTIoN IN PK-23 pESHAWAR

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Staff RepoRt

AKISTAN Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) leader Shaukat Yousafzai on Sunday said that he will challenge the Election Commission of Pakistan’s (ECP) decision to declare the results of PK-23 Shangla null and void. The PTI leader emerged victorious from the provincial seat, however, the election was declared void because only five per cent of the voters were women against the required number of at least 10

per cent according to the Election Act 2017 to validate the result. Speaking to private TV channel, Yousafzai said, “The ECP’s declaring null and void the election over low female voters’ turnout is beyond comprehension,” adding, that “the decision negates the truth and the matter will now be taken to a high court”. “No candidate contesting from the constituency had complained of the low turnout of female voters,” he said. Earlier, the ECP had annulled the election result of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Assembly seat PK-23 Shangla and ordered a re-election due to the low turnout

Arif Alvi likely to be new president The name of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) leader Arif Alvi is being considered for the post of country’s new president, party’s Sindh governor-nominee Imran Ismail said. Talking to media on Sunday, he hinted that the PTI Sindh President could be the successor of President Mamnoon Hussain. Alvi was re-elected to the National Assembly from NA-247 (Karachi South-II) during 2018 general election. In 2013, Alvi was the only PTI member to win a National Assembly seat from Sindh. Born in 1949 and dentist by profession, Arif Alvi is among the founding members of PTI. Alvi ran for Sindh Assembly seat from PS-114 (Karachi) as a candidate of the PTI in 1997, but suffered a defeat. He also faced a defeat from PS-20 (Karachi-II) during 2002 elections. He has served as the secretary general of PTI from 2006 to 2013. NewS DeSk

of women votes in the constituency. Over 3,505 of the total women voters exercised their right, which was only 5% of the total 69,827 votes polled there. Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) leader Shaukat Ali Yousafzai was declared a winner from PK-23 in the preliminary unofficial results of July 25 general election. Pakistan Muslim League-N (PML-N) nominee Muhammad Rishad Khan, who was the runners-up with a margin of fewer than 3,300 votes, had approached the ECP for re-election. Shaukat Ali was declared a winner with 17,399 votes

whereas Muhammad Rishad was the runners-up with 15,533 votes. The ECP rejected the plea for repolling on NA-10 Shangla on similar grounds pertaining to 10% turnout of women. The constituencies where women turnout of polled votes was less than 10% included NA- 39 Dera Ismail Khan, NA-42 Mohmand, NA-44 Khyber and NA -48 North Waziristan. In NA-39, where PTI candidate Muhammad Yaqoob Sheikh had defeat JUI-F chief Fazlur Rehman, the female voter turnout was the lowest with just 3 per cent participation from women.

PTI solicits PPP’s support for NA speaker, deputy speaker

After failing to meet an agreement over the right candidate for a reserved seat for women in the Balochistan Assembly, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) and Balochistan National Party (BNP) have decided to toss a coin, media reports said. According to details, the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) has issued a notification on 10 of the 11 seats reserved for minority and women in the Balochistan Assembly while the decision on one of the seats is yet to be made. The two parties will carry out a coin toss to decide who gets the seat, the commission said. On August 10, the BNP-Mengal announced support for the PTI at the Centre as the two parties inked a six-point momentum to solidify their alliance. Senior members of both parties met in Quetta late Thursday morning and agreed on the points put forth by the BNP-M. The party then announced its support for a PTIled govt in Centre. The BNP-M has four seats in the National Assembly and would be allotted one NA seat for reserved women. The party announced support to the PTI with five seats in hand. In total, the PTI now has 179 seats whereas the simple majority can be achieved through the support of 172 seats. NewS DeSk

PTI invites PML-N to Imran’s oath-taking

Akhtar Mengal to retain NA seat cOntinuEd fROm pAgE 01

QUETTA: Balochistan National Party (BNP) chief Sardar Akhtar Mengal has decided to vacate his provincial assembly seat days after the party struck a deal with PTI on government formation. Mengal, however, will retain his National Assembly (NA-269) seat and is due to take oath alongside other elected lawmakers in parliament on Monday. Moreover, the party has decided to utilise seats for independent candidates till the six-point agreement with PTI materialises. INp

PTI, BNP to toss a coin to decide Balochistan reserved seat

ELECTIONS OF SPEAKER, DEPUTY SPEAKER ON 15 AUGUST: While the National Assembly session has summoned by President Mamnoon Hussain on Monday at 10:00 am, the newlyelected members of the National Assembly would take oath on 15 august. Outgoing NA Speaker Sardar Ayaz Sadiq will administer oath to them. According to the schedule issued by the NA Secretariat, elections of speaker and deputy speaker in NA will be held on 15 August. Nomination papers for the election of the speaker and deputy speaker will be delivered to the NA Secretariat before 12:00 noon. The election will be held through secret balloting. Similarly, election for the new PM will be held on 17 August whereas nomination papers for the same can be submitted by 16 August before 2:00 pm. PTI has already announced that Imran Khan will take oath on 18 August. NUMBERS GAME: According to

the ECP, PTI s number in the NA increased to 125 after nine out of 13 independent candidates who won the election joined the PTI. Following the formula laid down in the constitution, PTI has now been allotted as many as 28 reserved women and five minority seats in the lower house of the parliament, taking its total seats to 158. Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz (PML-N) has captured the second spot as its total strength is 82 after adding 16 women and two minority seats. The PML-N originally won 64 general seats for NA on July 25. The Pakistan People s Party (PPP) remains third with 53 general seats after being allotted two seats reserved for minorities and nine reserved seats for women. Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA) has fifteen members in the house with 12 general seats, two women and a minority member. Pakistan Muslim League-Quaid (PML-Q), Grand Democratic Alliance (GDA), Balochistan National Party (BNP) and Balochistan Awami Party (BAP) would receive one

woman reserved seat each. SESSIONS OF NATIONAL, SINDH, KP, BALOCHISTAN ASSEMBLIES ON MONDAY: Other than the NA session, first sessions of Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and Balochistan Assemblies have also been summoned on Monday at 10:00 am while Punjab governor has summoned the first session of the provincial assembly on Wednesday at 10:00 am. ZARDARI, BILAWAL GET REGISTRATION CARDS FOR NA SESSION: Pakistan People s Party (PPP) Chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari and Co-chairman Asif Ali Zardari on Sunday got registration cards from the NA s facilitation centre. Strict security arrangements are in place for the NA session and no parliamentarian will be able to attend the session without a registration card. To provide registration cards to the newly-elected parliamentarians, NA Secretariat has established a facilitation centre in Committee Room No 2 at the Parliament House.

ISLAMABAD: A delegation of the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) met outgoing Speaker National Assembly Sardar Ayaz Sadiq to invite the Pakistan Muslim League -Nawaz (PML-N) to party chief Imran Khan’s oath-taking ceremony. Speaking to media after the meeting, PTI leader Fawad Chaudhry said the prime minister-in-waiting has vowed to remove all reservations of the opposition parties in line with his vision of taking them in the loop over a number of issues. The PTI delegation included former Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) chief minister Pervez Khattak, party nominee for NA speaker slot Asad Qaiser, and Umar Ayub. Chaudhry stressed the need for forging unity among political parties which he said is essential to tackle many challenges faced by the country. He praised the opposition’s decision not to boycott parliament over alleged rigging in polls. The PTI leader said he would also meet Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) leader Syed Khursheed Shah this evening to invite him to the oathtaking ceremony. The outgoing speaker in his remarks said the delegation met him to invite his party’s parliamentary leaders to attend the PM’s inauguration. He said the newly elected government desired to run the house with cooperation of the opposition. Asad Qaiser, who has been named the PTI candidate for the NA speaker slot, said the meeting took place in a cordial atmosphere. He said the party wanted to have amiable relations with all parties in parliament. INp

PTI will strengthen institutions, says Tareen LAHORE Staff RepoRt

Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) leader Jahangir Tareen on Sunday stated that his party will bring a change in governance by strengthening institutions and bringing transparency. He said this while addressing a joint press conference with Pakistan Muslim League-Quaid (PML-Q) leader Pervaiz Elahi, to discuss the formation of government in Punjab with the party’s allies. Jahangir Tareen who wooed in various independents and other political parties to support PTI said, “We will strengthen institutions, [unlike the Sharifs] who weakened the country’s institutions during their rule,” adding, that “we will tell the public of our successes as well as our mistakes. We will [hide nothing].”

He further appreciated Elahi and his party’s efforts to support PTI and promised to transform Punjab and “bring a system that was never witnessed by the nation before”.

The veteran leader shared that the party has been in talks with some members of the rival Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz (PML-N), who he claimed have “agreed to vote for PTI’s candidates”. The

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PML-Q leader also added that his party’s “first priority is to make laws in the interests of the provinces and the country”. He also added that the nominations for the speaker, deputy speaker and chief minister post have been discussed by his party. Earlier, the Grand Democratic Alliance (GDA) had announced to support Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) in the National Assembly and be a part of the opposition in the Sindh Assembly. PTI Vice Chairman Shah Mehmood Qureshi made the announcement after meeting GDA chief Pir Pagara Sibghatullah Shah Rashidi at the Kingri House in Karachi. Jahangir Tareen was also present along with local party leaders. Qureshi said that both parties would be a part of the opposition in Sindh along with the Muttahida Quami Movement (MQM), and the joint opposition would

decide the future course of action in the Sindh Assembly. He strongly criticised Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) for participating in the opposition parties’ protest against alleged rigging, saying that they had formed the Sindh government since the assassination of Benazir Bhutto, and was protesting despite winning more seats than previous elections. Pir Pagara announced to support Imran Khan for the upcoming elections of the prime minister, saying he should step forward for the betterment of the country and they would support him unconditionally in all circumstances. The spiritual leader of the Hur Movement said that several GDA leaders were made to lose the elections through conspiracies and they would peacefully protest against it.


CMYK Monday, 13 August, 2018

NEWS

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NAwAz ShArIf To Be ProDuceD IN courT ToDAy iSLAmABAd

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OR the first time during the 11month trial in the Avenfield reference, former prime minister Nawaz Sharif will be produced before an accountability court from Adyala jail on Monday to face AlAzizia and Hill Metal Establishment references. Following an Islamabad High Court (IHC) order to transfer the remaining corruption references against Sharif and his two sons to a different court, Accountability Court Judge Mohammad Arshad Malik conducted first hearing on Thursday and issued summons for Sharifs production from jail. Also, the court has summoned the Joint Investigation Team (JIT) head,Wajid Zia for his cross-examination in the references on Monday. According to reports, stringent security arrangements have been made for the arrival of Nawaz Sharif as he

will be brought in court with security personnel. The vehicles carrying jammers and ambulances will also be included in the security caravan. More than 500 police personnel will be deployed in and outside the court and only the pass holders will be allowed to enter in court. Earlier, Accountability Court Judge Muhammad Bashir heard all the three references Avenfield Apartments reference, Al-Azizia & Hill Metal Establishment and Flagship & other companies reference for 10 months and pronounced the judgment in the Avenfield Apartments reference on July 6. Judge Bashir convicted Sharif, his daughter Maryam Nawaz and son-inlaw Capt (retd) Safdar and awarded 10 years, seven years and two years sentences, respectively, while imposing a heavy fine on the father and his daughter. Roughly, the accused appeared before the court over 80 times. During the hearing, NAB Deputy Prosecutor General (DPG) Sardar

Muzaffar Abbasi informed the court that Sharif could not be produced before the court due to security concerns and then appraised the judge of pending references. NAB’s pending references are against Sharif and his sons Hussain Nawaz and Hassan Nawaz who have been declared proclaimed offenders due to their failure to appear before the court. Sharif’s counsel, Khawaja Haris, informed the court that the IHC was to hear an appeal by members of the Sharif family, seeking suspension of their sentences and granting them bail on Monday. He then requested the court to adjourn cross-examination of Zia until Friday. The prosecution can produce Zia for recording his statement in the Flagship reference if they want, he added. The court, however, fixed Zia’s cross-examination for Monday and said the defence may examine Zia if he has time left from his legal commitments before the IHC.

LAHORE: Minar-e-Pakistan illuminated ahead of Independence Day. oNLINe

Relatives of politicians dominate reserved seats for women iSLAmABAd Staff RepoRt File Photo

4 die as Quetta coal mine caves in quEttA Staff RepoRt

At least four miners were killed and more than many as 14 trapped after a coal mine collpased as a result of a gas explosion in Quetta’s Sanjadi area on Sunday. According to the initial reports, there were attempts being made by the rescue services to recover the miners trapped in the coal mine. The expected depth of the mine is 4000 feet, which may further add into the difficulties faced by the rescue teams. Balochistan’s Chief Inspector of Mines Iftikhar Ahmed confirmed the incident saying he was heading towards the site to monitor the rescue work. Coal Miners Association official Bakht Nawab, however, said that the “chances of their their survival are bleak”. The trapped miners belong to Shangla, Swat and Dir areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. According to the Pakistan Central Mines Labour Federation (PCMLF), between 100 and 200 labourers die on average in coal mine accidents every year.

MQM-P, gDA to support haleem for opp leader slot KARAcHi INp

Senior Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM-P) leader Khawaja Izhar-ul-Hassan has said that his party and the Grand Democratic Alliance (GDA) have unanimously decided to support Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) candidate Haleem Adil Sheikh for the slot of the opposition leader in the Sindh Assembly. Talking to media persons on Sunday, he said that the opposition parties would jointly strive and struggle for the legitimate rights of the voters in Sindh. He said that they would jointly raise the voice of the people in and outside the assembly. “We will also ensure that the ruling party works in the best interest of the province,” he told a questioner. On Saturday, Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) nominated Syed Murad Ali Shah for the post of the chief minister, besides naming Agha Siraj Durrani and Rehana Leghari as the speaker and the deputy speaker of the Sindh Assembly respectively.

The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) on Saturday issued a list, allocating reserved seats for women and minorities to political parties according to their total tally in the National Assembly (NA) and the list is dominated by relatives of popular politicians. Popular political parties, including Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI), Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N), Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) Muttahida Qaumi Movement-Pakistan (MQM-P) and Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA), nominated women who were relatives of renowned politicians. PTI: PTI nominated 16 women members, including Dr Shireen Mazari, Munaza Hassan, Andaleeb Abbas and former Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) chief minister Pervez Khattak's sister Nafeesa Inayatullah Khattak and niece Sajida Begum, on reserved seats for women. PML-N: PML-N nominated 15 members, including Khawaja Asif's wife Mussarat Asif Khawaja and

niece Sheza Fatima, former minister of state for information and broadcasting Marriyum Aurangzeb and her mother Tahira Aurangzeb, former finance minister Hafeez Pasha's wife and former Punjab finance minister Aisha Ghaus Pasha, former minister of state for foreign affairs Tariq Fatimi's wife Zahra Wadood Fatemi, former minister of state for maritime affairs Chaudhry Jaffar Iqbal’s daughter Zeb Jafar and his niece Maiza Hameed and Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) Assembly member Nasira Dar's sister Kiran Imran Dar. PPP: PPP nominated Hina Rabbani Khar, Shagufta Jummani, Shazia Marri and Naz Baloch. MQM-P AND MMA: MQM-P nominated Kishwer Zehra while MMA nominated former Supreme Court Bar Association (SCBA) president Kamran Murtaza’s wife Aliyah Kamran. The NA has 342 seats. Of these, 272 are filled by direct elections. While the reserved 10 seats for religious minorities and 60 seats for women are filled by proportional representation among parties with

more than 5 per cent of the vote. Out of 60 reserved seats for women, the PTI has bagged 28, the Pakistan Muslim League-N 16, the PPP nine, the MMA two and one each by the Grand Democratic Alliance (GDA), the MQM-P, the Pakistan Muslim League-Quaid-e-Azam (PML-Q), the Balochistan Awami Party (BAP) and the Balochistan National Party (BNP). Out of 10 reserved seats for minorities, the PTI has secured five, followed by the PML-N and the PPP with two each, while, the MMA has secured one seat. The PTI maintains the lead as tally rises to 158 seats in the NA, followed by the PML-N with 82, the PPP 53, the MMA 15, the MQM-P seven, the PML-Q five, the BAP five and the BNP four. The notifications have also been issued for 66 women and eight minority members in Punjab, 29 women and nine minority members in Sindh, 22 women and three minority members in KP and 11 women and three minority members in Balochistan.

8.45m more voters as compared to 2013 elections: FAFEN iSLAmABAd INp

A report by Free and Fair Election Network(FAFEN) stated that although the national voter turnout decreased marginally from 53.62 per cent in 2013 General Elections to 51.99 per cent in 2018 elections, there were as many as 8.45 million more voters who showed up to vote as compared to the previous elections, indicating an abiding commitment and interest of citizens to exercise their right to choose their government representatives. The significant increase in the number of voters is primarily due to an unprecedented increase in voter registration between the two general elections. In 2013, there were about 86.18 million voters, whereas in 2018 the number increased to 105.96 million. The increase in the number of registered voters in the five years between the 2013 and 2018 elections (19.77 million) was more than the increase in the 10 years between the 2002 and 2013 elections (14.27 million).

ecP finishes initial probe into rTS malfunction issue iSLAmABAd Staff RepoRt

The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) has finished its initial investigation into the failure of Result Transmission System (RTS) during the recent general elections. It was reported that the RTS mobile application has been “held responsible for the failure of the entire system”. According to the investigation, “The system stopped working on more than 50,000 polling stations on election day, while the application got stuck at many polling stations where mobile and the internet service was available.” Earlier, on Saturday the Cabinet Division had recommended handing over the issue of RTS malfunction to the new government as no investigation committee had been formed so far. The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) had sent a letter to the Cabinet Division, directing to constitute an inquiry committee comprising experts from the National Telecommunication and Information Technology Security Board (NTITSB) and Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA). According to the Terms of Reference (TORs) of inquiry, the committee will thoroughly analyse RTS, fix responsibility for its failure and also make recommendations for the future course of action. Earlier, an official of ECP while explaining the reasons for the failure of RTS on July 25 said, “It is an international practice that systems are tested before implementing them but due to the shortage of time, RTS could not be tested before the election.” He had also said that it was the demand of parliamentarians to launch and practice RTS in Election 2018.

Two involved in rape, murder of girl held in Mardan mARdAn INp

Similarly, between polls in 2002 and 2008, only 8.88 million were added to the electoral rolls, and between polls in 2008 and 2013, the voter population increased by a mere 5.39 million. The remarkable growth of registered voters for GE-2018 may be explained by a heightened emphasis on voter registration following the enactment of Elections Act, 2017.

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Sections 12(c), 47 and 48 of the Act require the Election Commission of Pakistan to facilitate maximum voter enrolment, especially by women. ECP’s Gender and Disability Group, District Voter Education Committees (DVECs) and synergies with civil society were among the key factors in augmenting the GE2018 electoral rolls.

The Mardan Police on Sunday arrested two culprits involved in rape and murder of a young girl. The culprits around one week earlier had abducted six-year-old girl who left her house to play with children in the neighbourhood in Pattu Kaley area of Mardan. The kidnappers sexually abused the girl, tortured her to death and threw her body in agricultural field. The body was later recovered by local peasants. The police traced the culprits, relatives of the victim, through use of modern technology and arrested them during a raid. A case was registered against the detainees at the police station concerned and were being interrogated.


04 LAHORE

WEATHER UPDATES MONDAY

Sunday, 13 August, 2018

340C

240C

TUESDAY

320C

250C

WEDNESDAY

320C

250C

THURSDAY

320C

260C

CM Askari directs foolproof security plan for Independence Day LAHORE Staff REpoRt

Caretaker Punjab Chief Minister Dr Hasan Askari Rizvi said on Sunday that foolproof security arrangements will be made for Independence Day to ensure the protection of life and property during the special occasion. In a press statement, he said that every necessary step must be taken to ensure peace and no stone should be left unturned in implementing the deviated security plan in the present circumstances. He stated that along with the public places, special attention would be given to the security of sensitive places. He ordered that all the processions must be monitored through CCTV cameras and that the police authorities must be physically present in the field to monitor the security arrangements. He directed that special arrangements be made for ensuring the smooth flow of traffic at Murree and other historic and recreational places. All possible steps should be taken for the protection of life and property of the masses and all the resources be utilized in this regard he added.

Eid preparations in full swing LAHORE: Eidul Azha is approaching and everyone has started to focus on preparations, including buying sacrificial animals, besides purchasing clothes and other necessities. People especially men and the youth are busy in buying animals whereas women have started to visit markets in order to shop collection of dresses and bangles for themselves and family. All major markets and shopping malls in the city become crowded due to Eid activity. According to women, prices of clothes are high and it has become difficult to buy beautiful clothes on Eid, however, without shopping, there is no enjoyment. Samina Saeed, a woman in Ichra Bazaar, told this scribe that she had only purchased clothes for children because prices were too high. “As the weather is very hot and humid so shopping clothes is a difficult job due to selected options,” she added. Sajid Ali, a shopkeeper, said prices were high due to the manufacturers’ rates, adding that wholesalers were bound to purchase clothes at high prices. app

LAHORE: R Motorcyclists zoom past national flag placed outside Press Club as rain lashed metropolis on Sunday. oNLINE

LWMC aWards Eid proCurEMEnt bid against ppra ruLEs LAHORE

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SaMIULLaH RaNDHaWa

HE Lahore Waste Management Company (LWMC) awarded a bid for the “Procurement of Necessary Items for Eidul Azha 2018” to a bidder in violation of the Public Procurement Regulatory Authority (PPRA) rules, Pakistan Today has learnt. The competent authority had approval bid of Rs9 million in June 2018 while inviting the bidders to submit their bids. According to documents available with Pakistan Today, at least four registered bidders showed their interest to

participate in the bidding process including Amjad Builders, SA Enterprises, Moeed Traders and Azan Enterprises. The bids were opened by the bid committee as per the schedule mentioned in the bidding documents of June 26, 2018, in the presence of bidders’ representatives. However, only three bidders submitted their bids as Azan Enterprises did not take part in the process. According to the documents, the bid was awarded to Amjad Builders for its lowest price of Rs 6,882,000 while SA Enterprises remained the second lowest bidder with Rs 6,908,250. Sources privy to the development informed that this was revealed later that Amjad Builders had submitted ambiguous documents to qualify the bid. They said that the LWMC despite knowing the fact had issued a clarification letter in favour of the said bidder. “To qualify a bid, participants must

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have a strong financial worth but the bank statement submitted by Amjad Builders stated that it had just Rs1,200 in its account,” they said and added that instead of cancelation of its bid, LWMC management asked to provide the missing documents that included a bank statement which was already attached. Interestingly, all the three Bid Committee members including general manager (P&C), chief financial officer and general manager operations remained reluctant over this misappropriation. Sources revealed that the bidder Amjad Builder was asked to submit the sample of awareness material which was submitted but after the evaluation of samples, it was established that the actual specification of the samples was mismatched with specification mentioned by the bidder on the backside of the samples. They said that the quality of samples was also not in accordance

with the terms of reference. This also has been revealed that the postal address mentioned by bidder was also ambiguous as a letter sent to the bidder by courier could not verify the location. Moreover, this was also brought into the knowledge of competent authority that there was a contradiction in the signatures of the bidder on the documents and clarification letter. Besides this, the signatures of witnesses were alleged as bogus as there was no proper address, full name, CNIC number and contact information mentioned in the relevant portion of the bidding form. Sources revealed that this was found that the bidder had never procured this kind of Public Awareness Material while it also never conducted such a mega campaign desired by LWMC. To oblige the said bidder, sources said that it was given the letter of clarification physically instead of mailing on postal address which was also a misappropriate way to award the bid. Advocate Azhar Siddique, while talking to Pakistan Today, said that the competent authority of any organisation could ask for just missing documents and if the documents had been submitted already then, the bidder could not be asked to provide the same document. He said if any organisation asked for the same document while naming it as missing then it would be in violation of PPRA rules and the bid will not be okayed. LWMC Spokesman Khawar Jamil said that the bid was awarded following the PPRA rules and there was no chance of any misappropriation. He said that the recent bid was awarded after the completion of all legal requirements.


WORLD VIEW 05

Monday, 13 August, 2018

The suicide epidemic

HOW DID SUICIDE, A DISEASE OF DESPAIR, A LAST RESORT, BECOME A SOLUTION TO THE CHALLENGES OF EVERYDAY LIFE FOR SO MANY PEOPLE? CommENtary magaziNE

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CHRISTINE ROSEN

HE recent suicides of fashion entrepreneur Kate Spade and chef-turned-TV-star Anthony Bourdain have sparked a culturewide discussion, as often happens when a celebrity dies in a horrible fashion. But unlike previous celebrity suicides, the anxieties prompted by these deaths took on a different coloration when it became clear in their wake that their deaths are part of a larger and disturbing publichealth crisis we’ve failed to acknowledge. According to a recent report from the Centers for Disease Control, suicide is now the 10th leading cause of death in the U.S., killing twice as many people (45,000) as homicide does each year. In more than 25 states across the country, the suicide rate has increased by more than 30 percent since 1999. Most of the deaths are people (like Spade and Bourdain) at an age once considered the prime of life, which suggests a kind of epic, deadly new form of the midlife crisis: The largest number of suicides are happening among white men and white women between the ages of 45 and 65 (although rates are rising steadily for nearly all racial and ethnic groups). The news is grimmest for men, who account for three-quarters of all suicides. The CDC’s principal deputy director, Anne Schuchat, told Business Insider that the new data are “disturbing.” Disturbing and confusing. Suicide has often increased during times of economic hardship; in 1932, during the height of the Great Depression, for example, the rate was 22 deaths per 100,000 people, according to the New York Times. But in the U.S. today, during an economic recovery under way for nearly a decade, the rate is 15.4 per 100,000. And the number of deaths has stubbornly increased despite much better screening and mental-health diagnosis. As the CDC researchers who worked on the recent report

noted, “More than half of people who died by suicide did not have a known diagnosed mental health condition at the time of death.” Rather, the researchers listed substance abuse, job loss, relationship problems, and financial woes as some of the many factors potentially implicated in rising suicide rates. How did suicide, a disease of despair, a last resort, become a solution to the challenges of everyday life for so many people? The sociologist Émile Durkheim was one of the first people to posit that suicide could be understood culturally and socially, not just as the expression of an individual’s state of mind. His 1897 book, Suicide, noted the myriad and often contradictory ways that cultures had come to understand suicide throughout history (heroic, tragic, noble, a mortal sin), and it identified a typology of suicides. Anomic suicides, he argued, were associated with periods of social and economic upheaval. Altruistic suicides had some connection to commitments to a larger cause (such as soldiers sent on suicide missions during wartime). Fatalist suicide tempted people, such as prisoners, who were left without hope. But it is Durkheim’s egoistic type that has resonance for our current epidemic. Egoistic suicides occur more often in highly individualistic cultures where people feel detached or isolated from society and when social and community ties are weak rather than strong. These are people who no longer feel they belong in society, have few people who can reassure them otherwise, and thus can’t summon a reason to live. Despite our highly virtually connected society, with its thriving online communities and emphasis on likes and retweets, it’s easy to overlook the widening gulf between the popular images and culture we consume and our private lives, between the images on the screen and the often lonely reality behind closed doors. The New York Times recently reported that in 2005, seven years after pop culture began celebrating the liberated single women in Sex and the City, “single middle-aged women were as much as 2.8 times more likely

Battle of the ports EMIRATES SEA POWER SPREADS FROM PERSIAN GULF TO AFRICA

NEWSWEEK CAMILLE LONS

The past few weeks have been particularly rich in new developments for the UAE’s foreign policy. In Yemen, the UAE is at the forefront of the current struggle for the seizure of the Houthi-held port of Hodeidah, a critical chokepoint for the arms and humanitarian supplies to the Houthis, and an important access to the Red Sea and strait of Bab el Mandeb, where 4.8 million barrels of oil and 8 percent of global trade transit every day. On the other shore of the Red Sea, the Emiratis have reportedly played a key role at facilitating the rapprochement between 20-year rivals Eritrea and Ethiopia. On July 24, a few weeks after the two countries signed a peace agreement, Abu Dhabi hosted a tripartite summit with the two leaders, where it reaffirmed its support to their peace efforts. For the UAE, the stabilisation of these important partners could have strategic advantages, including for reinforcing its already solid influence on Horn of Africa’s ports. Indeed, Eritrea hosts the UAE’s first foreign military base in its port of Assab since 2015, and reports suggest that landlocked Ethiopia plans to use this port, possibly developed by Dubai Ports World, to diminish its reliance on the port of Djibouti. Finally, the UAE also received last week the visit of Chinese President Xi Jinping, signing agreements in multiple areas, including cooperation on the project of Maritime Silk Road, given both countries growing footprint on regional ports. These back-to-back developments mark further steps in the UAE’s rapid maritime expansion in the Western Indian Ocean and suggest the shaping of an increasingly sophisticated Emirati diplomacy directed towards the achievement of its regional ambitions. This is playing out against the backdrop of

regional competition between Gulf states across both the Gulf itself and the Horn of Africa, a competition also drawing in others such Turkey and China. This competition to control strategic ports and maritime routes represents a new, and potentially destabilizing, arena for intensifying regional rivalries. Building on its long-standing presence in the Red Sea, the UAE has used the state-owned DP World as a key commercial and diplomatic tool, allowing it to multiply their commercial concessions and economic agreements with the ports on the Horn of Africa. This has resulted in a string of UAE controlled ports—running from Assab in Eritrea, to Djibouti, Berbera in Somaliland, Bosaso in the Puntland, Barawe in Somalia and Kismayo in southern Somalia. On the other side of the Red Sea, in southern and western Yemen, the Emirati intervention against the Houthis and Al Qaida has created an opening for the UAE to develop its influence in local ports such as Mukalla, Bir’Ali, Balhaf, Aden, al-Mokha, and now Al Hodeidah. For a few years now, the UAE has also been using its presence in foreign ports as a launching pad from which it can project its military power into the region. Following the degradation of its relationship with Djibouti, the UAE established its first foreign military base in Eritrea’s port of Assab in 2015, which played a key role in enforcing the coalition’s blockade of Yemen, and in coordinating the air strikes against the Houthis in Yemen. The UAE is also developing a naval and air base in Berbara (Somaliland), and tightening its military cooperation with the Seychelles. Emirati efforts have been focused mainly on the ports of the Red Sea and Western Indian Ocean, which occupy a strategic location at the crossroads of trade routes linking Europe, Africa and Asia. As Iran threatens to put constraints on the access to the Strait of Hormuz, maintaining security and freedom of navigation in the Bab el Mandeb is crucial to the UAE. But maybe more importantly, the UAE is eager to make itself a key component of the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), for which the Gulf and Indian Ocean are strategic. At a time when Gulf countries are trying to diversify their economies, Asian investments and positioning on global trade routes represent important opportunities for the UAE’s post-oil economy. THE BATTLE OF PORTS AT THE CENTER OF GULF RIVALRIES: The Emirati port of Jebel Ali provides a quarter of Dubai’s GDP and stands

to kill themselves than married women” (and single men were 3.5 times more likely to commit suicide than married men). Add to that the heavily filtered, seemingly perfect lives posted on Instagram, and the reality of struggling with loneliness or failure, to say nothing of depression, can seem impossible to accept. This is not a new problem, of course, nor is our eagerness to ignore it. In Philip Slater’s 1970 polemic, The Pursuit of Loneliness, he noted, “The hunger for confrontation and experience draws a lot of attention to social problems, but these are usually dealt with in such a way as to reinforce our avoidance.…The ultimate effect of the media is to reinforce the avoiding response by providing people with an effigy of confrontation.” Today, we construct such effigies after every celebrity death, and particularly for suicides. Media coverage provides details of the methods employed and parses the last words and final moments of the dead, even though mental-health experts have long warned that this can contribute to suicidal ideation in vulnerable people and inspire copycat suicides. We encourage greater candor about mental-health issues and have more resources available for those who suffer from challenges. But there is also more widespread information available online about how to commit suicide. And the contagion effect, which has long existed (a spate of suicides in 18th-century Europe was blamed on the publication of Goethe’s novel The Sorrows of Young Werther), is increased by its availability. There was a measurable spike in suicides after Robin Williams took his own life in 2014, for example. Some news outlets reported that Kate Spade had spent hours poring over the details of Williams’s methods before deciding to end her own life in the same way. At the same time, the taboo against suicide has weakened considerably in recent years. Right-to-die legislation has passed in six states and the District of Columbia. As Rutgers sociologist Julie Phillips told the New York Times, “we are seeing somewhat more

today as the largest container port in the region, with a capacity that has increased by a third since 2015, reaching around 20 million TEUs. But if the UAE is currently the most proactive and rapidly expanding maritime power in the region, it is not the only one, and other Gulf countries have invested heavily in the development of their own ports and logistical infrastructures. The Saudi ports of King Abdullah and Jeddah are planning to almost double their capacity over the coming years. A plan to connect these ports on the Red Sea to the city of Dammam on the Persian Gulf through new pipelines and rail networks would cut significantly trading routes, given them a competitive edge. Oman too is trying to take advantage of its strategic location on the Indian Ocean, which allows it to bypass the Strait of Hormuz, by upgrading its ports in Sohar, Salalah, and Duqm. On the opposite shore of the Gulf, Iran is seeking to attract Chinese and Indian investments for the development of its port in Chabahar, which would be connected to Central Asia via railways. The return of U.S. sanctions may however limit its ambitions. Finally, Qatar, has brought forward the opening of its Hamad port to September 2017. While this primarily stems from the need to re-draw its trading routes as a result of the UAE-Saudi instigated blockade against it, its new port could also become a credible alternative to Jebel Ali. But control of ports is also an inherently political issue. The blockade of Qatar has demonstrated how interdependency and connectivity can be used as a tool for political pressure. Gulf countries are keenly aware of this risk and are attempting to diversify and re-balance cross-border and maritime trade routes. As mentioned above, Qatar has re-directed its routes from Jebel Ali towards other regional ports such as Sohar in Oman, and Shuwakin in Kuwait. It has also signed a transportation partnership with Iran and Turkey to further help it bypass the blockade. Similarly, Oman has framed the development of its ports in Sohar and Duqm, and greater cooperation with Qatar, as a means of lessening its vulnerability to mounting political pressure from Saudi Arabia and the UAE over Muscat continued relationship with Iran. Even close allies such as Saudi Arabia and the UAE are being prudent. Saudi investments in the Omani port of Duqm and infrastructure projects boosting land connections between the two territories—and circumventing the UAE—can be seen as an attempt by Riyadh to decrease its reliance on the Emirati ports, and loosen the latter’s monopoly on Gulf trading routes. Intra-Gulf competition over maritime trade routes is not solely confined to domestic ports. In a similar fashion to the UAE, other regional powers have also been developing their presence in ports and maritime choke points doted across the region, using

tolerant attitudes toward suicide,” especially among the young, who respond in surveys that they believe “we have the right to die under certain circumstances, like incurable disease, bankruptcy, or being tired of living.” Pop culture reflects this in movies and television shows that celebrate the heroism of those who choose to die when their lives appear no longer worth living (Million Dollar Baby); some of these shows, such as Netflix’s 13 Reasons Why, are aimed explicitly at younger viewers. Durkheim noted that in highly individualistic cultures, insatiable desires created a great deal of human misery, but that families and communities could serve as reliable curbs on such desires. Likewise, CDC researchers who study suicide mention “connectedness” as one of the major ways to prevent future suicides. But as our virtual communities have expanded, in-person networks (and our interactions with extended families and friends) have eroded. Virtual networks cannot perform the same functions as faceto-face connections. It’s far easier to ignore a Facebook message or an email from a friend than it is to avoid a knock at your front door. And yet in a short span of time, we’ve become habituated to the former kind of “connection” and dismissive of the latter. Albert Camus began The Myth of Sisyphus with the following observation: “There is but one truly serious philosophical problem, and that is suicide. Judging whether life is or is not worth living amounts to answering the fundamental question of philosophy.” Such deaths were “facts the heart can feel,” Camus noted. Too many Americans are deciding that life is not worth living. The question is whether we will simply accept that this is the inevitable price we pay for a hyper-individualistic, on-demand, atomized, technologically proficient yet disconnected society—or if the horrifying facts about suicide cause us to try to change the way we live now. Christine Rosen is managing editor of the Weekly Standard.

them as ways to build wider influence. But as these powers expands outwards into the region, it is geopolitics rather than pure economics that is becoming the dominant driver. The Horn of Africa and Red Sea especially have been subject to heightened militarisation due to a complex game of regional rivalries involving Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Turkey, Qatar, Iran and Egypt. In addition to being important aid donors to the Horn of Africa, these countries have sought to increase their military presence in the Red Sea. Besides the Saudi base in Djibouti, and Emirati bases in Eritrea and Somalia, Turkey is in the process of opening bases in Mogadishu and in Suakin (Sudan), Iran is conducting anti-piracy operations in the Red Sea, and there are rumours that Egypt is in talks on a base in Eritrea. Regional powers have also been playing on internal eastern African tensions to counterbalance each other’s influence. In Somalia for example, Ankara and Abu Dhabi are playing on internal rivalries between the central government in Mogadishu and Somali clans and federal states to increase their influence at the expense of the other. The international community fears that GulfTurkey rivalries could have destabilising spill-over effects on an already fragile region. The Europeans especially, who have high strategic stakes in the Horn of Africa and depend heavily on the maritime trade routes passing through the strait of Hormuz and Suez Canal, see this regional power contest with a lot of concern. However, the Eritrea-Ethiopia rapprochement suggest that the UAE is willing to impose itself as a peace broker and stabilising power in the region. Future developments will tell us whether connectivity and economic dependency will play more as a factor of conflict or as a factor of peace in the region—but they are already certain to confirm the Red Sea and regional maritime routes as the new arenas for regional contestation. Camille Lons is a Programme Coordinator with the Middle East and North Africa Programme at the European Council on Foreign Relations.


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Monday, 13 August, 2018

NEWS

CAPTAIn (R) SAfdAR'S medICAl RePoRTS ARe CleAR, doCToRS SAy ISLAMABAD

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Staff RePoRt

five-member medical board of Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS) examined Captain (r) Muhammad Safdar cleared all his medical reports and said that he will be kept in the hospital for two more days. It was reported that the ousted premier’s son-in-law will be kept in the hospital for examination of some complications highlighted in the reports. Earlier on August 10, the PIMS team examined Captain (r) Muhammad Safdar after he was shifted to the hospital from Adiala jail for treatment of stomach ulcers. The five-member medical board was headed by Head of General Surgery Dr Tanvir Khaliq and included Assistant Professor of General Surgery Dr Atif Inam Shami, Assistant Professor Gastroenterology Dr Mashood, Assistant Professor of General Medicine, Dr

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Fibhaa Syed; and Assistant Professor of Radiology, Dr Mujahid Raza. After reviewing the reports from the previous day, the doctors had said that “Safdar’s sugar level is high while his other tests have been sent to the

Saudi royals congratulate Imran on electoral victory ISLAMABAD INP

Saudi King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman on Sunday congratulated Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Chairman Imran Khan on his party electoral victory on July 25. According to Saudi Press Agency, in the separate greeting Saudi King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud has congratulated Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf Chairman Imran Khan on his party’s victory in July 25 polls. The cable of congratulations was sent on the occasion of Imran Khan’s victory in the parliamentary elections in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the SPA said. Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman also conveyed the greetings to the PTI Chairman, who is set to take oath as Pakistan’s prime minister on August 18th. Saudi Ambassador was the first envoy to call on Imran Khan after the polls on July 27. The envoy praised the PTI chief’s victory speech in which he had offered to mediate between Saudi Arabia and Iran.

laboratory.” “Safdar has not eaten the food sent from home and is only drinking water due to a dried throat,” the doctors said, adding, that “Safdar underwent Xray/ultraviolet (UV) and ultrasound

along with tests of stomach, sugar and blood pressure”. According to details, reports stated that Capt (r) Safdar felt pain in his stomach all of a sudden on Thursday when visitors came to see him in the jail. A team of doctors was called from PIMS to check him in jail for almost one hour after he vomited and felt nauseated. The doctors then advised the jail administration to shift him to the hospital. On the advice of doctors, Capt (r) Safdar was shifted to PIMS in an armed personnel vehicle amid tight security. On July 29, three-time ousted prime minister Nawaz Sharif and his daughter Maryam Nawaz were jailed over graft charges. Nawaz was also shifted to PIMS after developing serious cardiac complications. The disqualified prime minister and his daughter Maryam were arrested on July 13, minutes after they returned to the country seeking to revitalise their flagging party ahead of a July 25 national election.

Bilawal condemns withdrawal of ex-PM Gillani’s security KARACHI Staff RePoRt

Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) Chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari lashed out at authorities on Sunday for withdrawing the security provided to former prime minister Yousaf Raza Gillani. The PPP leader asked, “Doesn’t the government not know whether Gillani’s family is on the hit list of terrorists?” As per media reports, the PPP chairman said, “It should be given in writing that if something happens to Gillani’s family, the provincial government would be responsible.” He demanded to ensure the protection of Yousaf Raza Gillani including all other political leaders. On the other hand, Syed Ali Qasim Gillani, the younger son of Yousaf Raza Gilani, has expressed

concern over the reduction in security of his father and demanded the government to restore full security at the earliest. In a statement issued here on Sunday, he maintained that the last government had provided security protocol to the former premier, adding that his Gillani family was facing security threats and that his brother Syed Ali Haider Gillani was abducted by terrorists and got released after an operation by US security personnel in Afghanistan. He further said that the family would move to high court for provision of security. Earlier, caretaker Punjab government removed the police security of former PM Yousaf Raza Gillani and his family in Multan while six security officials and two security vehicles, deputed at Gillani House Lahore, were taken back by the police department.

Pakistan releases 26 Indian fishermen KARACHI aPP

Pakistan on Sunday released 26 Indian fishermen from Karachi’s Malir jail as a goodwill gesture. The released Indian fishermen were shifted to Cantt Railway Station to transport them to Lahore from where they would be sent to India through Wagah border. The released fishermen were presented gifts and cash prizes by the jail authorities. All of the fishermen had been arrested by the authorities as they trespassed into Pakistani waters territory. The Indian prisoners appreciated the way they were treated by Pakistani jail authorities and were delighted upon their release. They also said that upon reaching India, they will request the Indian authorities to release Pakistani prisoners in reciprocation. According to an Edhi official, the charity has paid the travel expenses to the Indian fishermen. Speaking to media persons at the railway station, Saad Edhi called on the governments of Pakistan and India to relax rules for the poor fishermen. “They represent the poorest section of two countries. They should be freed as early as possible and there should be less restrictions on fishing,” he said.

PTV denies owing Rs2.8m to PIA ISLAMABAD aPP

Pakistan Television Corporation (PTVC) on Saturday clarified news broadcast by a private new channel which stated that the corporation owed Rs2.8 million to Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) on account of 96 tickets provided to those artists who attended the National Icon Gala held at the Pak-China Center on May 15. “It is clarified that the PTVC had nothing to do in any capacity with the awards. These were organised privately by the then information minister,” the PTV said in a statement issued here. It further said that Vaneeza Ahmad, a renowned model/actress, was in charge of the project and all the transactions, sponsorships and arrangements were finalised through her. Any pending payment or concern with regard to the National Icon Gala may not be attributed to the PTVC.

Why women empowerment must be a major national security goal CLIMATE CHANGE CAN PRESENT SERIOUS LONG-TERM CHALLENGES TO STATE STABILITY LAHORE MoeeN KHaN

Increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather events such as erratic monsoons, floods and droughts, higher temperatures and water-stressed conditions, dwindling freshwater resources and waning agricultural productivity, coupled with glacial recession and sea level rise are among the difficulties Pakistan would have to face due to climate change. Consequences of these changes are difficult to predict but potentially include higher tensions between the provinces over the distribution of water resources, climate-change-induced migration, a decline in Pakistan’s biodiversity, food/water insecurity and creation of an ideal breeding ground for anti-state militant outfits. While Pakistan is among countries most vulnerable to climate change, limited effort has yet been taken to adapt to or mitigate against it. A 2017 report by Germanwatch ranked Pakistan at seventh place among countries most impacted by extreme weather events caused by climate change. The PoPulaTion Time-bomb: Pakistan’s population has crossed the 200 million threshold and is expected to cross 300 million within the next three decades, becoming the fourth largest country in the world. A nation where one in four already lives below the poverty line, another 100 million, roughly half of current population, will be dependent upon dwindling natural resources within 30 years. With climate change wreaking its havoc, consequences of this development

will potentially be catastrophic if policies to manage and mitigate the risks are not immediately introduced. PoPulaTionClimaTe Change nexus: Already a waterstressed country, Pakistan will suffer from acute water shortage and increasingly drought-like conditions – in addition to floods due to a glacial recession – driving internal migration and population displacement. Major urban centres like Lahore are already finding it difficult to cope with over-abstraction of groundwater resources. It is not yet clear how exactly will cities cope with water scarcity and a sharp rise in urbanisation. Poverty, food/water insecurity, susceptibility to extreme weather events, conflict over the distribution of resources and migration/displacement can create an environment that is a hotbed for non-state activities in a poverty-stricken, multi-ethnic state such as Pakistan. Minority communities are also further likely to be sidelined under resource-scarce conditions. “Pakistan will become a water scarce country if current levels of consumption and wastage continue,” says Leadership for Environment and Development (LEAD) Pakistan’s CEO Ali Tauqeer. “The twin effects of climate change and population growth can create a scenario where migration/displacement leads to rapid urbanisation, slums, ghettoisation and mass poverty,” he adds. “While the current per capita ecological footprint in the country is lower than in other countries, an increase in population means that environmental impact will experience a surge, even if per capita

POPULATION GROWTH EXACERBATES IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE consumption remains relatively stable.” At current rate, Pakistan is all set to become one of the most water stressed countries in the world within 20 years. (Bear in mind that demands placed on the environment are expected to increase due to population growth). naTional seCuriTy imPliCaTions: A 2016 report by Population Matters ranked Pakistan among the top 20 countries currently in Overshoot i.e. where the population’s demands from the environment are in excess of its provision capacity. Pakistan’s standing on the Environmental Performance Index (EPI) also declined to 169 in 2018 from 148 in 2014. Adding climate change and population growth to the image paints a stark and frighteningly bleak picture. Conflict over the distribution of resources such as food and water are economic problems but can quickly morph into ethnic, racial or religious issues whereby markers of social identity are used to discriminate or exercise violence against groups of people. While socio-political events are complex and caused by multitudinous factors, climate change can act as a “threat magnifier” whereby manageable problems become profoundly difficult to engage. An example of this happened in Syria where between 2006 and 2011, poor agricultural yield coupled with the impact of drought on livestock forced millions to migrate to urban areas. Social, political and international factors then contributed towards a devastating civil war that has so far cost half a million lives and ravaged the entire country.

CMYK

WOMEN EMPOWERMENT AN EFFECTIVE CLIMATE CHANGE RISK MANAGEMENT STRATEGY

The war in Yemen , the emergence of Boko Haram in Nigeria and ISIS in Iraq/Syria has also seen climate change playing an amplifying role. The impact of climate change and population growth should therefore be seen as a major national security threat in Pakistan. In Pakistan’s case “rapid rural to urban migration can cause an increase in social strife, conflict and crime,” says Ali Tauqeer. “Since population is a major factor in environmental impact and resource demand, population control is among the most effective strategies for climate change risk management,” he adds. Women emPoWermenT ConneCTion: Pakistan’s roughly 2 per cent growth rate is significantly higher than regional or world averages. Source: World Bank Fertility rates show a similar trend, standing close to 3.5 per cent. A fertility rate of 2.1 is known as “Replacementlevel fertility” where population levels remain roughly stable. The fertility rate has a direct bearing on population growth. Contraceptive prevalence rate is dismally low at 30 per cent, lower than regional or global rates. Low contraceptive prevalence rate is correlated with a higher fertility rate and consequently higher population growth rate. Secondary school enrollment for women. Pakistan lags at roughly 40 per cent (net value). Female education enrollment (primary to tertiary) is correlated with a lower fertility rate, a higher prevalence of contraceptive use and therefore lower population growth rate.

Studies across the world have consistently shown a causal relationship between female education, access to family planning services and lower population growth rates. While education is not the only factor that influences fertility rates, longer enrollment rates allow women to delay marriage, be more informed about and feel confident about using contraception, have a higher say in the family planning process, be more likely to participate in the labour market and contribute to better child health/education. Female education can also help dampen the poverty rate, another cause behind the preference for larger families, as employment leads to higher household income. Given how climate change-population nexus can potentially have devastating economic, social, political and national security implications for Pakistan in the decades to come if current trends continue, curtailing population growth is perhaps one of the most effective strategies the country can pursue to deal with threat management and adaptation. In this regard, women empowerment — improved access to family planning services, education and labour market can act as a powerful and relatively cost-effective method in pursuing sustainable development and countering latent national security threats. Keeping aside the moral responsibility of the state, the civil society and ordinary citizens in supporting women empowerment, it is now an urgent necessity for the sake of national stability and must be pursued in tandem with other risk management strategies.


Monday, 13 August, 2018

GoVeRnoR dIReCTS To STeP uP AnTI-TeRRoRISm oPeRATIon In GB ISLAMABAD

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OVERNOR of GilgitBaltistan (GB) Mir Ghazanfar Ali Khan has directed police IG (IGP) to further intensify operation against the terrorists in the area to arrest them. According to a statement issued by the governor, the IGP has also been directed to increase patrolling in Naran Babusar road and Karakorum Highway in the Diamer district to ensure the protection of passengers. Meanwhile, talking to members of the peace committee Anjumin-e-Tajaran ulema and notables in Ghakuch, IG Police of Gilgit Baltistan Sanaullah Abbasi said security at check posts in nullahs has been intensified to avoid any untoward incident. He said Pakistan Army and other law enforcement Agencies are also supporting the police in the operation. The IG police said joint investigation team is investigating the incident of burning of schools in the area. The situation in violence-hit areas

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of Tanger and Darel districts of Gilgit Baltistan (GB) remains tense as the local administration has failed to take action against the suspects involved in setting over a dozen schools, almost half of them for girls, on fire. miliTary oPeraTion in gilgiT-balTisTan liKely: Though the GB government claims that

Imran Khan will do what is best for country: Waqar younis ISLAMABAD aPP

the situation is returning back to normal, several sources have informed Pakistan Today that the militants have taken control over Tanger and Darel. They said that a mob attacked the Tanger Police Station and freed around half-a-dozen suspects arrested for putting the schools on fire. Last week, a meeting was also held

at PWD Rest House in Chilas to review the law and order situation. The meeting was attended by the corps commander, GB force commander and inspector general of police (IGP). Later, the officers left for Gilgit on choppers to take up the situation with GB Chief Minister Hafeezur Rehman, who is yet to visit the violence-hit areas. The meeting was briefed on a possible operation against miscreants as the forces commanders agreed to apprehend all suspects involved in the schools’ ransack. Sources at Tanger said that the area had virtually become a no-go area for the civilian administration. Though GB Spokesman Faizullah Faraq said that the CM would visit the violence-hit areas soon, he did not give a date for the same, reflecting the gravity of the situation on the ground. The locals have also demanded the army to conduct operations across Diamer district. Though GB government is reluctant to opt for a military operation against the miscreants, the administration, led by the chief secretary, is in favour of a military operation.

WWF-Pakistan pledges to plant 1.4 million trees in a year LAHORE WWF-Pakistan has pledged to plant 1.4 million trees by August 2019 through the active participation of different stakeholders, local communities and passionate individuals. The campaign, titled “Rung Do Pakistan”, is an opportunity for all Pakistanis to come together and play their part in contributing positively towards protecting the ecosystem and to help WWF-Pakistan either by planting native tree species wherever they are or by donating to the organisation so that it may fulfil its promise to the nation. In the first phase of the campaign WWF-Pakistan and Call the Band, WWF-Pakistan’s Goodwill Ambassadors, are partnering for one of the country’s biggest video collaboration in history. The music video would showcase the diversity of Pakistan and will encourage individual action to plant trees across Pakistan. To date, a total of 70 cities and villages with 50 videographers are on board. Supporters are already sending in photos of them planting saplings with the hashtag #MarkYourselfGreen and are nominating their friends and family to do the same. In the second phase of the campaign, WWF-Pakistan will launch its fundraising campaign where it will encourage individuals, corporations and partners to donate to the cause.

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nAB sees ‘case' not 'face’ to act against corrupt: chairman ISLAMABAD Staff RePoRt

National Accountability Bureau (NAB) Chairman Justice (r) Javed Iqbal Sunday said that the bureau has adopted ‘seeing case not face’ policy to nab the corrupt in line with its ‘accountability of all’ policy. Addressing NAB officer, he said, was committed to nab the corrupt, proclaimed offenders and absconders with iron hands after utilising all resources, adding that it is absolutely committed to the eradication of corruption from Pakistan. Justice Javed Iqbal said due to the visible and indiscriminate actions against the corrupt its prestige and image had increased manifold. He said NAB was Pakistan’s apex anti-corruption organisation. Its present management after assuming the responsibility chalked out an effective and comprehensive National Anti-Corruption Strategy (NACS) for the eradication of the corruption and corrupt practices from the country, which had been acknowledged by national and international organisations. He said the year 2017 was the year of rejuvenation of NAB in order to inquire and investigate corruption cases on merit without any fear and favour. He said that the bureau had rationalised its workload and timelines had been prescribed for efficient, effective and expeditious disposal of cases putting a maximum limit of 10 months. In order to ensure uniformity and standardization, he said that the standard operating procedures (SOPs) for investigation officers (IOs) in vogue were reviewed and revised. It had not only lent quality to the work but was also ensuring that no single individual could influence its official proceedings, he added.

PTI to focus on anti-graft legislation, says Asad Qaiser

Staff RePoRt

Former Pakistan Test and ODI captain Waqar Younis believes that Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) chief Imran Khan and his team will do what is best for the country. Speaking to a private news channel on Sunday, he welcomed the change and expressed hopes of a better future for Pakistan. The 46-year-old said there were a lot of areas that needed improvement in cricket and other industries, and that Imran was aware of the challenges facing the sports landscape. “The good thing is Imran has played cricket and that also top-level cricket. No one is a better judge of it than him. He has been thinking about changes in the sport for a long time,” said Younis. The former coach pointed out Imran had always been talking about making changes in the domestic cricket to have fewer teams, better playing conditions, better cricket stadiums and a better standard of cricket overall. To a question on his meeting with Imran Khan at Bani Gala after the PTI won the July 25 election, Younis said, “It was our responsibility to meet him and give him hope. We discussed a number of things at the meeting which will hopefully bring improvements.”

NEWS

ISLAMABAD Staff RePoRt

WWF-Pakistan Director General (DG) Hammad Naqi Khan said that when we speak about addressing environmental challenges, often the suggested solutions require policy changes at the government level. “But what sets this campaign apart is that this time the people of Pakistan want to bring about a measurable change by a simple act of planting a tree,” he added. Talking about the campaign, he said that they were encouraging individual action to plant trees in cities and villages across the length and breadth of the country. Khan further shared that WWF-Pakistan is stressing on only planting indigenous trees, which not only provide a shelter to various birds and insect species but benefit local ecosystems as well. He also appealed to citizens to plant more trees this year and help raise awareness about this cause.

Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf’s (PTI) nominated candidate for National Assembly (NA) speaker slot, Asad Qaiser, has said that legislation to eradicate the menace of corruption from the country would be the top priority of the new PTI government. Talking to a news channel, he said that measures would be taken to provide better facilities to the people in education, health sectors besides providing job opportunities to the youth of the country. He said that rule of law was imperative for development and to move the country ahead. Asad Qaiser said that for the betterment of the country, the PTI government would take the opposition parties on-board on matters of national importance and consensus would be developed among all stakeholders.

Analyst says India should work with Pakistan’s new PM for closer ties BEIJING aPP

In today’s South Asian scenario, India simply cannot bypass its two principal neighbours, Pakistan and China, and has no option but to maintain good relations with them. Surely, Pakistan-India-China cooperation will better safeguard the peace and stability of the entire region, according to an article of Rabi Sankar Bosu, secretary of New Horizon Radio Listeners’ Club, India, published in a Chinese website on Sunday. Sports can play an important diplomatic role in promoting peace and humanity around the world. Indeed, sportsmen break barriers and unite people, it said. Pakistan’s legendary World Cup-winning cricket captain, Imran Khan is going to take charge as the 19th prime minister of the country, as his party, Pakistan Tehreeke-Insaf (PTI), emerged as the main beneficiary in the country’s 11th general election. Imran Khan’s victory raises hopes on relations with India. It’s expected that under Khan’s leadership, Pakistan will again become a great democratic country as he promised during the campaign trail, and sports diplomacy will be an impor-

tant part of opening new innings of peace with India, the article read. Despite political agitation and heat, despite all the Indian right-wing media criticism against Khan before and after the election, his remarkable victory generates a strong wave of optimism in India as well. With his cricketing background, he has won myriads of hearts of cricketloving Indians. India’s own cricketing stars and cricket fans, as well as Bollywood celebrities, hailed Khan after he announced his desire of “mending sour relationships” with India. All are hopeful that the 65-year-old leader will provide a fresh breath of peace on the subcontinent. It remains a matter of great pride that Khan led his side to victory in the 1992 Cricket World Cup and has done the same in the July 25 elections. His contemporary Indian counterpart and friend, Kapil Dev, who led India to the emphatic world cup victory in 1983, told the Times of India, “It’s a great achievement. I think Imran Khan is a good leader.” “What he did in terms of cricket is a minute thing in front of the nation. It took him 25 years to reach this point. He has this idea of leadership and I hope that this achievement of his takes Pakistan to-

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wards betterment,” it said. Although before Pakistan’s general election, Indian media projected Khan as a “Bollywood movie villain,” he is actually a trustworthy man. After retiring from cricket, he turned his hand to philanthropy, working to promote immunisation programmes in Pakistan,

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Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Thailand. He founded a cancer hospital in honour of his mother, Shaukat Khanum. It tells the world the intention of the man. The uncompromising spirit he employed on the cricket field has worked in politics, too as he managed to turn a perceived weakness into strength, obstacles into

stepping stones and disaster into triumph. The former Indian cricketer and Punjab minister Navjot Singh Sidhu rightly said, “Imran Khan’s rise to PM is an opportunity to change people’s lives, and an opportunity to better Pakistan-India ties.” The article further elaborated that with the emergence of Khan as the national leader, the Indian fans are now enthusiastically looking for the cricketing ties between the two nations to resume. Cricket between the two countries has suffered due to politics and terrorism. India suspended the diplomatic dialogue and has not played a series with Pakistan. However, cutting off cricketing ties has not improved the situation, either. Sports and politics must be kept separate to increase people-to-people contacts. Undoubtedly, the resumption of dialogue and cricket will bridge the confidence gap. Khan’s post-election utterances are giving rise to speculations that cricket will again be used as a vehicle for peace. In his remarkable victory speech on July 26, while Khan did focus more on Pakistan’s internal problems, including massive inequality, malnutrition, corruption, unemployment, and terrorism, he also offered an olive branch to India.


08 COMMENT New electoral cycle

Monday, 13 August, 2018

The war to end all wars It’s coming

Respect deserving of the House

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y summoning today’s national assembly session President Mamnoon also green-lighted the beginning of the new electoral cycle. As the new House takes its first baby steps, elected members will take oath and names for speaker and deputy speaker will be tabled. There will be a few more sessions of formalities and then the real work will begin. yet, considering Pakistan’s particular democratic and political culture, the House has had a tendency to be more symbol than substance. For all the sacrifices our politicians have rendered in the service of democracy – something they like to remind everybody, all the time – no elected government has yet given the House the respect it deserves. In the recent Nawaz Sharif days, the prime minister’s presence in the national assembly would make for immediate breaking news on prime time television; his visits being so few and far between. And Imran Khan too, who claims more democracy in his party, was hardly ever interested in the proceedings of the assembly when he was in opposition. Hopefully this culture will now change. If PTI’s Naya Pakistan is to be built on democratic foundations, then the House must become the nerve centre of mainstream political activity. Going forward, both the government and opposition have an element of inexperience about them. PTI, having never run the country, will be tested for obvious reasons. And even though PML-N and PPP are hardly new to the opposition benches, they haven’t yet sat on them together in a proper democratic setting; that too in the face of such a fresh wave. The tendency to drag crucial political matters out onto the streets, or into courts, must now stop. Those with big smiles now ready to grace the House must remember the tall promises that got them there. All eyes will, naturally, be on parliament as yet another administration prepares to serve the people.

And more attacks No end in sight?

Hasan aftab saeed Warning: satire ahead. The author bears absolutely no responsibility in the event of it being taken up by one or more of our eminent think-tanks.

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oMeTIMeS it looks imminent, sometimes still a few months away. Make no mistake, however: the third world war is coming. And it’s going to be the last one. yes, we have heard this promise before, only to be bitterly disappointed every time. This time I can assure you that the authorities mean it. What’s more: considering our geostrategic importance, we will have no option but to play a part in the great war. And if we can’t avoid it, we might as well participate with all the passion at our disposal. especially so, because we lost out on all the fun in the previous world wars. Now, the most important question that any nation needs to ask itself when a world war is about to commence (and which must be addressed up-front) is: which side it should fight on. There’s no shying away from it. Luckily, the answer is short and simple: we should fight on the side of truth and justice. That being taken care of, the next question is who to fight with and who to fight against. Here, we run into difficulties because the war alignment is

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new pattern seems to have emerged in terrorist attacks since the election. They enemy may have had its command and control structure decimated, etc, but it clearly retains the ability to stage well planned and coordinated attacks. And, more often than not, these small attacks inflict high casualties and make headlines, worldwide, again and again. After the violence that once again marked the election campaign, the enemy seems to have set its sight on the Gilgit-Baltistan region, besides retaining its obsession for Balochistan. This is classic guerrilla insurgency warfare. Denied of the capability of boasting a large outfit, the enemy first simply melted away across the border then exploited loopholes in the security machinery to slip personnel as well as weapons into Pakistan to carry out sporadic attacks which keep it alive and the government on the defensive. And, for all the successes of Zarb-e-Azb and Rudd-ul-Fasaad, and the combing- and intel-based-operations that followed, this is where a revision of the present strategy, at least, is urgently called for. It is also clear that cutting off the head simply does not kill this snake; as happened with Baitullah, Hakeemullah, and Fazlullah. Unfortunately, the finer points of NAP (National Action Plan) were never implemented and as a result the security operation has been affected. It called for greater cooperation and communication between the dozens of agencies that litter the security landscape. Going by text-book counter-terrorism doctrine, often intelligence ‘chatter’ is picked up by one agency and shared with another, which might be in possession of information about a different stage of a particular operation. That, put simply, is how the security setup sabotages enemy planning and pre-empts attacks, mostly when components of suicide bombs, etc, are being smuggled into the target city. While a lot of ground has been covered in this long, existential war, neither the military nor the civilian government can be satisfied till this last wave of periodic attacks is also crushed.

Dedicated to the legacy of the late Hameed Nizami

Arif Nizami Editor Aziz-ud-Din Ahmad

Umar Aziz

Asher John

Joint Editor

Executive Editor

Deputy Editor

Lahore – Ph: 042-36300938, 042-36375965

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difficult to predict beforehand. However, from experience of the first and the second great wars, one can be sure of participation of some nations. The UK, for example is sure to take part. So is the US. Germany and France will be there, as usual, along with most of the european countries. Japan, a regular contributor in the past, will be too preoccupied with the olympics to participate this time. With its single-minded focus on economy, China would probably abstain from the war, which is a real pity. That said, we can always be sure of its moral support to one side or the other. What will trigger the great war is anybody’s guess. one likely scenario is this: Pakistan will give Queen elizabeth II an ultimatum to return the Kohinoor within two weeks’ time, failure to comply with which would mean that the two nations are in a state of war. India, Iran, and Afghanistan will probably be unable to distance themselves from the issue (they want Kohinoor too), and thereafter the US is sure to jump in (as usual), followed by other european nations. one thing is certain: the US and the UK will be allies. India, Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan may be on one side, agreeing to resolve the issue among themselves later; or one or two of them may join the opposite camp. North Korea will probably join the challengers for the heck of it. Which brings us to the vital question of an appropriate venue for the great war. europe has done admirably as the theatre of the previous two world wars, and I can’t think of a single reason why things should be any different for the third edition. (If it ain’t broke, don’t fix it.) Being at the centre of the map, europe is ideally situated considering the convenience of all warring nations. In the rather unlikely event of europe excusing itself from hosting the global event, or the US not jumping in, we may be left with no option but to invade the US mainland directly. Canada obviously rules out the northern route. California and Texas may be relied upon to be open to the idea of being liberated, and there-

fore less likely to put up a fight if we promise them independence after victory. The West Coast is promising but negotiating Hawaii could be tricky, because the Japs have exhausted the possibility of the element of surprise there. Not to mention the fact that the whole of the US would need to be traversed before the flag is raised in DC. The Gulf of Mexico may therefore be the best bet, all things considered. The direct invasion would be tricky, but by paralysing the opponents with incredulity on the sheer madness of the endeavour, it may just be the thing needed to offset the immense military and technological advantage the US led alliance would be enjoying. For while the war to end all wars will be fought on the land, in the skies, and in the seas, it will above everything else be fought in the heads. Shock, then, would be the key; and therefore, it’s important that any of these plans is put into practice after some time has passed since the publication of this piece. The morale of the troops will be crucial. The men could be ordered to burn their ships when they dock. That makes for an immense increase in morale, I generally find. Also, if wars in the past have taught us one thing, it is that the foot soldiers must know which region they are invading at a given time. The soldiers must therefore have some idea where a certain country is on the map. In the last great war many Allied soldiers wrote home that they had demolished Australia when in fact it was Austria they had bombed the hell out of. This sort of ignorance can cause much damage to the war effort. Finally, while we are rightly planning on riding into world capitals as victors, concrete plans must also be in place to deal with the retaliation back home. For if history is any guide, the US generally strikes back. We could of course retreat to Afghanistan till the situation improved but for the fact that the US forces are already in Afghanistan. This problem needs to be examined closely. Hasan Aftab Saeed is a connoisseur of music, literature, and food (but not drinks). He can be reached at www.facebook.com/hasanaftabsaeed

Ruling Punjab What is the job description of a chief minister?

syed Kaswar Gardezi

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oMeNTS away from taking oath in the parliament, Imran Khan remains befuddled regarding his choice for Punjab. The prime minister in waiting has taken weeks to ponder over his choice for the most important province of the country and is, yet, unable to make a decision. As they say, he who takes Punjab takes the country, it is imperative that Khan picks a suitable candidate. Suitable not only in line with his ‘youth’ agenda but a person who aligns himself with the political spectrum of the province immediately. Lobbyists and leaders of substantial weight are already in a fury to strong-arm Imran and secure their own suitable candidate for the hot seat of Punjab. The consensus that everyone so desires is yet to be reached. Welcome to the dirty game called politics. Forget about ideology or merit, let us fight for the top slot in order to rule the heart of Pakistan for the next five years. This is the beat most PTI leaders are dancing to at the moment. Rather than a parliamentary board evaluating all suitable candidates and picking out one who falls fit on merit, each lobby is moving on with its own agenda in a desperate bid to secure

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the throne of Punjab. Burdened with campaign promises, PTI is set to face the biggest challenge in Punjab. The challenge to deliver. Deliver in a way which makes the illiterates forget Shahbaz. The same Shahbaz whose connections remain deep rooted in the province starting from the top bureaucratic circles all the way down to a police constable. Loyalists are present within. Those which are directly involved with the Sharifs in accumulating wealth. I’ll rephrase, tons and tons of ill-gotten wealth. In the first phase these loyalists have to be identified and dealt with both strictly and cautiously. After all, these people steer the wheel in essence. Bad handling can turn out to be disastrous especially if undertaken by a ‘young’ underqualified individual. It is not an easy task to rule Punjab effectively. on the contrary, it is going to be the biggest test for whosoever is handled the keys to it. Bringing forward a young and energetic individual might conjure some praise. But praise alone isn’t going to be sufficient to lead the province. experience and ability to comprehend administrative issues is essential. What is the job description of a chief minister? Firstly, he has to keep the house intact, in order to govern effectively. Secondly, deal with administrative challenges including bureaucratic and public dealings. The CM is required to monitor all departments falling under his authority and outline the major issues being faced by each one of them. An individual who is relatively young may be advantaged by his

Islamabad – Ph: 051-2204545

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energetic spirit to move around persistently. However, such a person may not be able to correctly deal with government officials, as required. He may undertake impulsive decision which could be disastrous for both party and the province. A government cannot be run by admonishing its officials. Rather, these officials have to be diplomatically handled so as to obtain the desired results out of them. Khan Sahib should choose a person who has experience sitting in the parliament coupled with administrative qualities. A man who may meet the pre-requisites of an administrator may not be able to keep the parliament house in order. It is essential that a person who has at least occupied the parliament bench for three or more terms should be handed over the flag to govern Punjab. only such a person may be able to steer forward a coalition government that PTI is set to formulate. Ideally, a person who has been burdened in the past with the responsibility of a ministerial portfolio should occupy the top seat. PTI’s governance in Punjab will be the reflection of their achievements/failure in the next elections. It would be pitiful to waste this opportunity by handing this responsibility to a 1st or 2nd timer young gun. Certain things are meant to be taken care of by experienced people and governing Punjab is one of them. By the time a young person learns what a CM is supposed to do, the short-sighted people of the province will already be crying out for old Shahbaz. Similarly, under the current circumstances, the chief minister

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would be required to have friends on both sides of the aisle in order to enact laws and move forward smoothly. out of the choices being floated around the media unfortunately, none of the ‘proclaimed’ top contenders seem fit for the job. especially, the young ones. With the names left, Mr Khan should opt for a man who firstly, he trusts himself and secondly, who is cool minded and has in the past handled ministerial portfolios. It seems the choices narrow down to a select few. either way, a choice shouldn’t be made under the pressure of internal lobbies. It would be detrimental to PTI’s ideology if Imran bows down to certain individuals within his party and picks a man who in essence may not be fit for the job. Another pressing development related to the aforesaid matter is the ongoing delay in selecting a suitable candidate. This delay instils a wave of uncertainty in the hearts of people who look up to Imran as a leader who is willing to ‘lead’. Such indecisiveness doesn’t project positivity. Rather, it is considered weak and hesitant on part of the leader. Though the supporters might coat it with words like being cautious and careful. However, such caution and care should have been exercised timely and by now a chief minister along with the provincial cabinet should have been brought forward. In the end, it will be Imran Khan’s choice and given his own personal lack of political experience one shouldn’t be surprised if the name announced is totally absurd for the job. Nevertheless, it is expected that the only person amongst the lot, who deserves the slot, should be trusted with it. As long as it is in the best interests of the people, no objections will be raised. Syed Kaswar Gardezi is a lawyer and a columnist. He can be contacted at kaswargardezi@gmail.com

Email: editorial@pakistantoday.com.pk


COMMENT 09

Monday, 13 August, 2018

Editor’s mail

Send your letters to: Letters to Editor, Pakistan Today, 4-Shaarey Fatima Jinnah, Lahore, Pakistan. E-mail: letters@pakistantoday.com.pk Letters should be addressed to Pakistan Today exclusively

Epicurean commanders: A blot on Pakistan’s history

Lament of a liberal Indian Betrayal of the Other

basHarat Hussain QizilbasH

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N this Independence anniversary, I am sharing the lament of a liberal Indian Muslim, who is opposed to the Partition of the Subcontinent because he believes that the Hindus and the Muslims constitute one Indian nation. For him, the marker of identity is not religion but a composite culture rooted in the centuries old syncretic tradition of coexistence and mutual accommodation between the two communities. After living for about seven decades in secular independent India, five of which were spent in observing politics and society from close quarters as a journalist in the leading english dailies, Saeed Naqvi has finally opened his heart in the captivating autobiographical account “Being the other.” Secular Muslims like him hoped to be treated as equal citizens but the Indian “politicians, officials and a largely Hindu police force would work progressively against them, decade after decade…” forcing them to a life of hypocrites living in suffocating silence not daring to vent grievances publicly. The cardinal rule of this hypocritical existence is “Say what you liked at home but be careful what you say to ‘Mishra Ji’ and ‘Gupta Ji’.” The tradition of naming and shaming the Muslims as the ‘other’ started immediately after Partition by none other than the Home Minister and ‘Iron Man’ of Congress, Sardar Patel. When the killings of the Muslims at the hands of the Hindus and the Sikhs in Delhi raised questions about the competence and partisanship of Patel, he defended by saying that “If the Hindus and the Sikhs had not taken the first

offensive, the Muslims would have destroyed them” and to prove how “well-armed” the Muslims of the capital were, he presented to the Cabinet the arms recovered from the Muslims which included dozens of rusted kitchen knives, pocket knives, spikes and cast iron water pipes that amused Lord Mountbatten who remarked, “If they had really expected to take Delhi with pen knives then they had an incredible sense of military strategy.” Since then, hardly a day has passed when the patriotism of the Indian Muslims to “Mother India” has not been questioned, impelling them to act as “super patriots” to prove their patriotic credentials. The appointments of a few hand-picked Muslims to public offices in India is nothing more than a “secular pretence” to the world. A pertinent example in this regard was the devaluation of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. As long as a “Muslim face” of the Congress was required in negotiations with the Muslim League and the British, Azad was kept as the president of the Party for six years but the moment the Congress accepted the Partition Plan, he became a useless entity. This duplicity has been the hallmark of all Hindu leaders including Gandhi. There is a startling letter from the ‘Mahatma’ directing Jawaharlal Nehru not to take Azad in his Cabinet: “I did not say anything yesterday about the Maulana Sahib. But my objection stands. His retiring from the Cabinet should not affect our connection with him….Sardar [Patel] is decidedly against his membership in the Cabinet and so is Rajkumari….It should not be difficult to name another Muslim for the Cabinet.” So, all that the Hindus really need is the token presence of any handpicked Muslim to keep up the “secular pretence.” Politics aside, the Hindu duplicity has also been quite visible in the cultural life. Urdu language and the culture associated with it have been the prime targets. Hindus’ opposition to Urdu is a known fact. once Hindi was declared as the official language, Urdu was deliberately made to die an unnatural death in liberated India, however, off and on, token association was shown. To show such token affection, when these opponents of Urdu celebrated the hundredth anniversary of the classical Urdu poet Mirza Asadullah Ghalib, the popular poet Sahir Ludhianvi just could not hold his anger towards the Congress government. Sau saal say jo turbat Chadar ko tarasti thi Aaj uspe aqeedat ke phoolon ki numaish hai Urdu kay taalluq say yeh bhed nahi khulta Yeh jashan, yeh hungama, khidmat hai ki

Secular Muslims like him hoped to be treated as equal citizens but the Indian “politicians, officials and a largely Hindu police force would work progressively against them, decade after decade…”

saazish hai (For a hundred years there was no cover on the grave which Today is loaded with flowers of adoration, But from Urdu’s point of view, I am intrigued, Are these celebrations of sincerity or a trick for Muslim votes?) Jin ahle siyasat ne ek zinda zaban kuchli Un ahle siyasat ko barbadi ka ghum kyon hai? Ghalib jisse kehte hain, Urdu ka hi shair tha Urdu pe sitam dha ker, Ghalib pe karam kyon hai? (Politicians who crushed a language, Why are they distraught at the death of that language? Ghalib after all, was a poet of Urdu. Having killed his language, why this celebration of his anniversary?) Nonetheless, the liberal Indian Muslims like Kaifi Azmi continued to sing paean of Hindu-Muslim unity through optimistic poetry such as: Naye Hindustan mein hum nayi Jannat basayenge Wafoore justjoo mein kaise apne kaise begaane Alag ho kar rahenge muttahid tasbih ke daaney (We shall make a paradise out of our new India There is no ‘us’ and ‘them’ When we are in a common struggle Like rosary beads, we shall be together) Ironically, the same Kaifi Azmi had to rush to save the life of another liberal Muslim poet — his friend and mentor — Ali Sardar Jafri, whose residence was threatened by arsonists during the 1993 Bombay massacres. The dead poet Wali Gujarati known as the “Chaucer of Urdu” was not that lucky because the mob destroyed his grave during the riots in Gujarat under Narendra Modi’s watch. Ali Sardar Jafri was a believer in Indian nationalism and Wali Gujarati had died well before the birth of any type of modern nationalism in India. Why were they attacked? The underlying factor was their Muslim identity! When even the dead Muslims are not safe in their graves, one can assume what the living Muslims should expect? According to the Rajindar Sachar Committee’s Report, the condition of the Indian Muslims is worse than the economically weakest Dalit communities. The misery of the Indian Muslims has aggravated after 9/11 because every terror atrocity is blamed on them. More than anyone, it is the Indian media and the security agencies that are responsible for their vilification despite the fact “that nearly 90 percent of those [Muslims] held for suspected terrorist activity are never charged or convicted.” Consequently, even the liberals like Saeed Naqvi, now, feel betrayed, disappointed and disillusioned by this unending systematic ‘othering’ of the Muslims in ‘secular’ India. Basharat Hussain Qizilbash is an academic and journalist. He can be reached at qizilbash2000@yahoo.com

HISToRy tells east Pakistan debacle took place when epicurean (epicurus) military or civilian leaders ruled the roost. Their behaviour epitomised animal fight-or-flight response. Having surrendered east Pakistan to India on a platter, they wrote books (like Betrayal of Pakistan) to devolve blame on others. Abu Bakr Usman Mitha, father of Special Services Group, failed to convert a whole division into commandos. His dancer wife entertained yahya and his coterie well during his visit to east Pakistan. In the early morning, yahya apologised to Mitha for his indecent behaviour with latter’s wife when he was over-inebriated in the night. Siddiq Salik wrote (Witness to Surrender, p.87), ‘General Hamid, Chief of Staff, Pakistan Army told me a few months later that the blame for this suffering (surrender) must lie on Lieutenant General yaqub “who had opposed the arrival of West Pakistan troops in early march”’. ‘General Khadim Raja, the GoC (General officer Commanding) told me later when he had handed over the command of troops, General Niazi had asked him “when are you going to hand over your concubines to me” (ibid. p. 92). ‘When the press party left… General Niazi …carried with him a young lady journalist for an exclusive interview at flagstaff House’ (ibid. p. 120). Niazi assured sobbing nurses that he would evacuate them to Burma along with injured Major-General Rahim. ‘Two helicopter left in the small hours of 16 December while the third flew in broad daylight. They carried Major-General Rahim Khan and a few others, but the nurses were left behind because they “could not be collected in time from their hostel”’ (ibid. p. 209). ‘Meanwhile Niazi entertained [Indian general] Niagara with his jokes. I apologise for not recording them here but none of them is printable’ (ibid. p. 210). Niazi said, ‘Salik! Thank your stars you are not a general today’ (ibid. p. 194) our history would perhaps have been different, if our eastern theatre had been commanded by a stoic (Seneca) commander? M ANvEr Islamabad

US cuts IMET programme THe Trump administration withheld Coalition Support Fund payments to Pakistan, based on audit objections, although it was compensation for military operations in aid of US ongoing military presence in Afghanistan. This unilateral decision by US administration points to flaws in terms of agreements negotiated by Pakistan with US where specific operations were conducted and tax payer money spent but payment to be deferred, giving Americans a chance to back out. Termination of International Military education and Training (IMeT) programme would impact only 66 officers and should have been expected. American administration under president Trump has slashed financial assistance to Pakistan. earlier it imposed sanctions as part of Pressler Amendment and refused to facilitate Pakistan’s nuclear programme at par with India. Perhaps these ugly ground realities should serve to open eyes of current and future civil and khaki administrations, that relations between countries are based upon individual national interests, motivated by existing strategic requirements and do not necessarily translate into long term relations. opportunities wasted seldom reoccur. We allowed ourselves to be used by Americans to avenge their defeat in Vietnam by involving in their proxy war in Afghanistan, without seeking adequate long-term benefits for our national security or the exchequer. Now we are left to cry alone over spilt milk, not realising that individuals stood to benefit while country has lost. Pakistan could have sought transfer of military technology with iron clad guarantees but top khaki elite in Zia military junta were more interested in satisfying their greed, with some going from rags to riches or seeking foreign nationalities for their children. We compromised our territorial sovereignty by giving sanctuary to foreign fighters not realising long term losses this country would suffer, once the Americans had achieved their objective. ALI MALIK TArIQ Lahore

Saving our haathi eLePHANT logos are preferred by organisations (including The Hindu’s masthead which has “Airavatham,” the divine elephant which stands for strength) because it is strong yet disciplined and has a phenomenal memory, it never forgets and never forgives. The gigantic elephant’s upkeep is expensive. It needs 200 kg of fodder and water daily, after its medical expenses, the LeAN looking Mahout’s wages are also to be paid. Mahatma Gandhi said, “The elephant needs a thousand times more food than the ant but that is not an indication of inequality” The burning worry is 100 elephants are killed everyday for Ivory and we also lose some in railway accidents. We must protect the elephant - not just in India but the whole world must take an interest in this, before it goes the way of the Dodo. AD Williams said “The earth is large enough for all to share, but mankind’s heart is not large enough to care” T S KArTHIK Chennai


10 FOREIGN NEWS

Monday, 13 August, 2018

US envoy UrgeS UK to ditch SUpport for iran deal LONDON

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Agencies

He United States urged Britain on Sunday to ditch its support for a 2015 nuclear deal with Iran and instead join forces with Washington to counter the global threat it says Tehran poses. Despite opposition from european allies, US President Trump in May pulled the United States out of a deal between world powers and Tehran under which international sanctions were lifted in return for curbs on Iran's nuclear program. Since then, Britain, France and Germany have sought to keep the deal alive, while Trump has prepared new sanctions, saying a broader and more balanced deal is needed. Iran has denounced the sanctions as "US unilateralism". US Ambassador to Britain

Woody Johnson criticized Tehran for funding "proxy wars and malign activities" instead of investing in its economy. He said Iran needed to make tangible and sustained changes to behave like a normal country. "Until then, America is turning up the pressure and we want the UK by our side," Johnson wrote in the Sunday Telegraph newspaper.

"It is time to move on from the flawed 2015 deal. We are asking global Britain to use its considerable diplomatic power and influence and join us as we lead a concerted global effort toward a genuinely comprehensive agreement." Asked about Johnson's article, the British foreign office pointed to comments from Middle east minister Alistair Burt, who last week ruled out

Britain going along with the United States. Burt said the deal was an important part of regional security and that, with the european Union, the government was trying to protect British companies from the US sanctions when dealing with Iran. Britain remained open to talks with the United States on how to address concerns about Iran. Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said last week that Trump's repudiation of the nuclear deal was illegal and Iran would not yield to Washington's renewed campaign to strangle Iran's vital oil exports. But protests have broken out in Iran as its currency has collapsed in value and inflation has soared. The protests have often begun with slogans against the high cost of living and alleged financial corruption, but quickly turned into anti-government rallies.

China expels German student who researched rights lawyers

Egyptian forces kill 12 suspected militants in Sinai CAIRO: Egyptian security forces have killed 12 suspected militants in raids on their hideouts in north Sinai, state news agency MENA reported on Sunday, the latest in a campaign to uproot armed Islamists behind a wave of violence in the area. The deaths raised to at least 325 the number of suspected militants killed in the Sinai campaign which began in February, according to a Reuters count based on military statements. At least 35 military personnel have also been killed. The state news agency said security forces came under fire when they raided a walled compound in al-Arish, the capital of North Sinai province, without giving a time frame for the incident. It said the raiding forces responded in kind and 12 suspected militants were killed in the shootout. The authorities were trying to verify their identities. Five rifles, four of them automatic guns, were recovered from the scene as well as some ammunition and two ready-to-use bombs, MENA said. There were no reports of casualties among security forces. Sisi was re-elected in March in a landslide victory against one opponent seen as a token candidate. His critics say his presidency has brought a harsh crackdown on dissent, but supporters argue the measures are needed to stabilize Egypt, which was rocked by years of unrest after protests toppled veteran leader Hosni Mubarak in 2011. Agencies

BEIJING Agencies

Thousands attend Arab-led rally against Israeli bill TEL AVIV Agenciesn

Members of Israel's Arab minority led a mass protest in central Tel Aviv on Saturday night against a contentious new law that critics say marginalizes the state's non-Jewish citizens. The rally marked further fallout from the explosive Nation-State law and came a week after thousands of Druze, also members of the Arab minority, packed the same city square last week. Israel's 1948 declaration of independence defined the country as a Jewish and democratic state and the government says the recently passed bill merely enshrines the country's existing character. But critics say it undercuts Israel's democratic values and sidelines the country's nonJewish population, namely the Arab community that makes up 20 percent of the

country. One clause downgrades the Arabic language from official to "special" standing. Israeli media reported tens of thousands of Jews and Arabs attended the protest. Some Arab protesters waved Palestinian flags and others held signs reading "equality." Some knelt and preformed Muslim prayers. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu posted footage on Twitter of protesters waving the Palestinian flags. "No better testament to the necessity of the Nation State law," he wrote. Ayman Odeh, an Arab member of the Israeli parliament, told The Associated Press: "This is the first time that tens of thousands of Arabs have come to Tel Aviv with Jewish democratic groups. They came to say this is not the end of the demonstrations, but the first serious demonstration against the Nation State law."

A German man has learned the hard way that practicing journalism in China, even for a class project, could lead to serious trouble. David Missal, 24, was pursuing a master's degree in journalism and communication at prestigious Tsinghua University in Beijing. He was due to return to Germany on Sunday after immigration authorities told him his student visa was canceled and he had a week to leave China. Missal said he thinks that's because he reported on the plight of jailed human rights lawyers in a journalism class. Missal said a Tsinghua representative this year warned him twice against pursuing the politically sensitive subject, but he went ahead anyway because he wanted to "get to learn Chinese society and politics." "In a way, the last two months I did get to learn more Chinese society and politics," Missal said, referring to his own case. China detained 300 people nationwide on July 9, 2015, as part of its biggest crackdown on human rights lawyers and activists. Several received lengthy sentences for subversion of state power while a few still await sentencing. That action against Missal underscores China's extreme sensitivity to foreign attention to the crackdown, word of which has rarely appeared in China's entirely state controlled media and on the heavily policed Chinese internet. Missal said his work was never published beyond his personal blog and YouTube, which he thinks was seen by less than 100 people.

Ethiopian rebels declare ceasefire amid government reforms ADDIS ABABA: An Ethiopian rebel group declared a unilateral ceasefire on Sunday, the latest dissident movement to aim for an end to hostilities in the wake of reforms. The Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) launched its bid for secession of the Somali Region, also known as Ogaden, in eastern Ethiopia in 1984. In 2007, Ethiopian forces waged a large-scale offensive against them after the group attacked a Chinese-run oil facility, killing 74 people. But the ONLF was among two other groups that were removed by parliament from a list of banned movements - part of a reform drive being led by Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, who has extended an olive branch to dissidents. In a statement, the ONLF said it had "taken into account the positive steps taken by the Ethiopian government to lay the groundwork for talks and peaceful negotiations". The group "will cease all military and security operations to find a available and lasting solution to the Ogaden conflict", it added. The region the ONLF operates in contains four trillion cubic feet of gas and oil deposits, the government says. China's GCL-Poly Petroleum Investments has been developing two gas fields since 2013. Abiy, who took office in April, is presiding over a bold push to shake the African nation of 100 million people from decades of security-obsessed rule. He has also acknowledged and condemned widespread abuses by security forces, likening it to state terrorism, as well as forging peace with Eritrea, with which Addis Ababa has been locked in a lengthy military standoff that followed a 1998-2000 border war in which 80,000 people are thought to have died. Agencies

Four Jordanian troops, 3 suspected militants dead in clash SALT Agencies

Jordanian search teams pulled the bodies of three suspected militants from the rubble of their hideout, a government official said Sunday, hours after assailants opened fire and set off explosions that killed four members of the security forces trying to storm the building. The clash late on Saturday was among the deadliest between suspected militants and Jordanian security forces in recent years. It raised new concerns about attempts by domestic and foreign militants to carry out attacks and destabilize the pro-Western kingdom. Jordan has played a key role in an international military coalition that helped push back the extremist group Islamic

State in neighboring Syria and Iraq. The chain of events in Jordan began Friday when assailants detonated a homemade bomb under a police car guarding a music festival in the predominantly Christian town of Fuheis, west of the capital of Amman. The blast, labeled a terrorist attack by Jordan's prime minister, killed a police officer. Jordanian authorities did not say what motivated the Fuheis attackers, and there was no claim of responsibility. Security forces chasing the suspects zeroed in on a multi-story building in the town of Salt, near Fuheis, and attempted to storm it late Saturday. The suspects holed up inside opened fire and set off powerful explosions, officials said. A wing of the building collapsed. In initial statements late Saturday,

government spokeswoman Jumana Ghuneimat said three members of the security forces were killed. She said Sunday

that a fourth officer had died and that the bodies of three suspects were pulled from the rubble. Five suspects are in custody.

The Hala Akhbar news website linked to Jordan's military said the suspects are Jordanians and that the cell had planned to attack security installations and other sensitive targets. The site said the suspects had been armed with explosives, grenades and weapons. Jordan has been a target for attacks by Islamic State in recent years. In June 2016, a cross-border car bombing launched from Syria killed seven Jordanian border guards. In December 2016, a shootout at a Crusader castle in the southern town of Karak left 14 people dead, including seven members of the security forces, four militants and three civilians. Jordan is considered to an important security ally, particularly by the United States and Israel which view any signs of unrest there with concern.


FOREIGN NEWS 11

Monday, 13 August, 2018

12 children among 39 Killed in idlib weaponS Storage blaSt

Egypt hands Muslim Brotherhood leader another life sentence CAIRO: An egyptian court has sentenced five people, including the head of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood, to life in prison on violence-related charges. It's the latest of several life sentences for Mohammed Badie, who has also been sentenced to death in separate trials since his 2013 arrest. Charges have included inciting violence and planning attacks against the state. The Cairo Criminal Court on Sunday sentenced four others to 10-15 years imprisonment on the same charges, related to the killing of seven people in 2013. The verdicts can be appealed. The case is related to the violence that convulsed egypt after the military overthrew President Mohammed Morsi, a senior Brotherhood figure, amid mass protests five years ago. In August 2013, security forces killed hundreds of people when they dispersed two pro-Brotherhood sit-ins. Agencies

Eight dead, one survivor in Indonesian plane crash JAKARTA: Indonesian search and rescue teams found eight victims and one survivor after a small plane crashed in the eastern province of Papua, police said on Sunday. The Dimonim Air passenger plane carrying nine people, including a 12-year old child who survived, lost contact with air traffic control on Saturday afternoon and was later found by local residents in Pegunungan Bintang district. The child suffered broken bones and was being treated at the local hospital. Indonesia has a patchy aviation safety record with frequent accidents. An AirAsia flight from Surabaya to Kuala Lumpur crashed in the Java Sea in late 2014, killing all 162 people on board. Agencies

Erdogan says US set deadline for pastor's release ISTANBUL: The United States gave Turkey a deadline until last Wednesday, Turkish President Tayyip erdogan said on Sunday, to release an American pastor being tried by a Turkish court. The case of Andrew Brunson, an evangelical Christian, is one of a series of disputes that lies at the heart of deteriorating ties between the two NATO allies. Speaking to supporters in the Black Sea coastal city of Trabzon, erdogan revealed details of negotiations held last week between the two countries, saying Washington had threatened sanctions if Turkey refused to release the pastor. A Turkish court has transferred Brunson to house arrest after almost 20 months in jail. Frustrated with his continuing detention, Washington sanctioned two Turkish ministers and then doubled tariffs on Turkish steel and aluminum imports. Agencies

BEIRUT

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Agencies

N explosion in a residential building thought to be storing weapons and ammunition in Syria's rebel-held Idlib killed at least 39 people including 12 children on Sunday, a war monitor said. The explosion happened in the town of Sarmada, which is near the Turkish border and north of the provincial capital Idlib city, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said, adding that 12 children were among the 39 dead.

Syrian civilians, displaced during the country's seven-year long war, were living in the building which was also used by an arms dealer, the Observatory said. The Syrian White Helmets, a group of rescue workers established in rebel-held areas of the country, also said on Twitter that 36 people were dead and dozens were wounded in the attack, and that so far 10 people had been pulled alive from the rubble after the dawn explosion. They said the cause of the blast, which brought down the whole multistory building block, was unknown. Idlib province is in the last swathe of

territory still held by rebels opposed to the rule of President Bashar al-Assad. Most of Idlib is controlled by rebels and jihadists led by Hayat Tahrir al-Sham, but the Islamic State group also has sleeper cells in the area. The regime holds a small slither of southeastern Idlib. In recent months, a series of explosions and assassinations -mainly targeting rebel officials and fighters -- have rocked the province. While some attacks have been

No one can 'obliterate' Taiwan's existence, says President Tsai TAIPEI: Vowing that "no one can obliterate Taiwan's existence", President Tsai Ingwen left on Sunday for the United States and two of its remaining diplomatic allies, amid pressure from China to try to stamp out references to the island internationally. China, which claims self-ruled and democratic Taiwan as its own, has stepped up a campaign against the island as it tries to assert Chinese sovereignty. Beijing has ordered foreign companies to label Taiwan as part of China on their websites and is excluding Taiwan from as many international forums as it can. Also, China has also been whittling down the number of countries that recognize Taiwan now just 18 - with Burkina Faso

and the Dominican Republic switching relations to Beijing this year. Speaking before her flight to Los Angeles, where she will spend one night prior to visiting Belize and Paraguay, Tsai struck a defiant tone. "In going abroad, the whole world can see Taiwan; they can see our country as well as our support for democracy

and freedom," Tsai said. "We only need to be firm so that no one can obliterate Taiwan's existence." China, which believes Tsai wants to push for Taiwan's formal independence, has already complained to Washington about her US stopovers, which include Houston on her way back. Agencies

Russia's Lavrov says Putin-Trump meeting possible to improve ties MOSCOW Agencies

Russian President Vladimir Putin and US President Donald Trump may meet if they feel the need to focus on improving relations, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said on Sunday, according to the RIA state news agency. "If the leaders feel the need to meet and get back to the questions that we think should unite Russia and the United States, but which

provoke rejection among some circles in the United States, I think such meeting will take place," Lavrov said. After their last meeting in Helsinki in July, Trump saw a wave of criticism at home for failing to confront Putin publicly over Moscow's interference in the 2016 US election, and for seeming to contradict his own intelligence agencies on the threat from Russia. As a result, Trump postponed in late July a second meeting with Putin until next year. A few days

later, however, Putin said he wanted Trump to be his guest in Moscow, and the White House welcomed the idea despite lingering criticism over the Helsinki summit. Russia is seeking such meetings as it is under punitive sanctions imposed by the United States and the european Union and wants them lifted. Lavrov said on Sunday Russia was ready to extend contacts with the United States on the level of foreign ministers if the US side was ready to act on a basis of equality, RIA reported.

claimed by IS, most are the result of infighting since last year between various other groups. In recent days, regime forces have ramped up their deadly bombardment of southern Idlib and sent reinforcements to nearby areas they control. President Bashar al-Assad has warned that government forces intend to retake Idlib, after his Russia-backed regime regained control of swathes of rebel held territory elsewhere.

1,800 evacuated as France defuses British WWII bomb RENNES: Some 1,800 people were ordered to evacuate their homes in northwest France on Sunday as a bomb squad defused a British bomb from World War II, officials said. The 220-kilogramme (485pound) bomb was found in late June during construction work near the centre of Rouen in Normandy. Residents living within a 270-metre (nearly 900-foot) radius of the site were told to leave the area early Sunday ahead of the operation, which wound up shortly after 11:00 am (0900 GMT). Discoveries of bombs and shells from World War II are common in France and elsewhere on the continent. Last month, the French navy defused an unexploded shell found in the sea near a popular beach in Cannes on the Mediterranean coast. Agencies

Israel PM defends contentious law in face of Arab protest JERUSALEM: Israel's prime minister has criticized the presence of Palestinian flags at a protest against a contentious new law defining the country as a Jewish state. Benjamin Netanyahu told the Cabinet on Sunday that Palestinian flags "flying in the heart of Tel Aviv" was "conclusive evidence" that many protesters oppose Israel's existence, and proves the law is necessary. Thousands rallied in Tel Aviv on Saturday against the contentious law. Some Arab protesters waved Palestinian flags and others held signs reading "equality." It was the second major protest against the law in recent weeks. Supporters of the law say it enshrines the country's existing character as a Jewish state. But critics say it undermines Israeli democracy and sidelines the country's non-Jewish minorities. Agencies

Russia, Iran, and three others agree on Caspian status, but not borders AKTAU Agencies

Iran and four ex-Soviet nations, including Russia, agreed in principle on Sunday how to divide up the potentially huge oil and gas resources of the Caspian Sea, paving way for more energy exploration and pipeline projects. However, the delimitation of the seabed - which has caused most disputes - will require additional agreements between littoral nations, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said. For almost three decades, the five littoral states - Russia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan - have argued over how to divide the world's biggest enclosed body of water. And while some countries have pressed ahead with large offshore projects such as the Kashagan oil field off Kazakhstan's coast, disagreement over the sea's legal status has prevented some

other ideas from being implemented. One of those is a pipeline across the Caspian which could ship natural gas from Turkmenistan to Azerbaijan and then further to europe, allowing it to compete with Russia in the Western markets. Some littoral states have also disputed the ownership of several oil and gas fields, which delayed their development. POST-SOVIET ISSUE: The dispute began with the fall of the Soviet Union

which had had a clearly defined Caspian border with Iran. In negotiations with post-Soviet nations, Tehran has insisted on either splitting the sea into five equal parts or jointly developing all of its resources. None of its neighbors have agreed to those proposals and three of them - Russia, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan - effectively split the northern Caspian between each other using median lines. Azerbaijan, however, has yet to agree

on how to divide several oil and gas fields with Iran and Turkmenistan, including the Kapaz/Serdar field with reserves of some 620 million barrels of oil. The three countries have tried to develop the disputed fields while at times using warships to scare off contractors hired by other sides. As a result, none of the disputed projects has made much progress. Speaking after the signing on Sunday, all five leaders praised it as historic event, but provided little detail about provisions on splitting the seabed. However, making it clear that the document is no final solution, Rouhani said border delimitation would require further work and separate agreements, although the convention would serve as a basis for that. Moscow has no outstanding territorial disputes but has objected, citing environmental concerns, to the construction of a natural gas pipeline

between Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan which would allow Turkmen gas to bypass Russia on its way to europe. It remained unclear whether the convention adopted on Sunday would definitely clear a way for the pipeline. Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev said the document allowed pipelines to be laid as long as certain environmental standards were met. Ashley Sherman, principal Caspian analyst at energy consultancy Wood Mackenzie, said that although the signing itself was "an unprecedented milestone" for the region, the immediate implications for the energy sector would be limited. "We consider a Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline (TCGP) unlikely, even in the longer term", he said in an email. "Clarity on the legal status will shine more light on the commercial and strategic obstacles to a TCGP, from infrastructure constraints to supply competition, not least from Azerbaijan itself."


12 BUSINESS

Monday, 13 August, 2018

Karachi’s GDP estimated to hit mark of $193 billion by 2025

Quetta: Customers buy national flags ahead of Independence Day. inp

Various hyDroPower Projects alonG riVer inDus neGlecteD Due to GoVt inefficiencies NAWAZ SHARIF HAD ANNOUNCED A PILOT PROJECT OF 7 HYDROPOWER PLANTS WITH 150MW CAPACITY ISLAMABAD

t

GHULAM ABBAS

HE previous government of Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz (PML-N), which facilitated the coal, LNG and solar powered plants to meet the energy shortages of the country has been found to have neglected around seven hydro-based small power projects worth 294 MWs along the Indus River during the past five years. As per available documents, former prime minister Nawaz Sharif had announced a pilot project of seven hydropower plants in the northern parts of the country with estimated power generation of over 150 MW. But, despite approval of the same projects from various forums like CDWP and ECNEC, work could not be started on the same projects. The pilot projects included Rs5.8 billion Harpo Hydro Power Project of

34.5 MW, Rs7.11 billion Shagharthang Hydro Power Project of 26 MW , Rs1.3 billion Thak Chilas Hydro Power Project worth 4 MW, over Rs8 billion Ghuwari Hydro Power Project of 30 MW, Rs6.2 billion Hanzil Hydro Power Project of 20 MW, 100 MW of KIU power project and 80 MW of Phandar Power Project. The last two projects of KIU and Phandar power projects worth 180 MW have been included in the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), however, work on the same has also not started. Official documents show the status of these projects as ‘under review of experts from both sides (Pakistan and China). Many of the said projects have been approved by the competent institutions even eight to 10 years back. Interestingly the two projects, Shagarthang and Thak Chilas of around 30 MW were even foreign-funded projects and they had gone through the tendering process

too. However, officials said, the foreign lender Asian Development Bank (ADB) had backtracked from funding these projects citing the reason of Indian objections. Later on, the two projects were included in the Public Sector Development Programme (PSDP) delaying work on them for years. According to an official source, the government had already spent millions of rupees for land acquisition for the two projects. Another hydropower project, Harpo of 34.5 MW had also faced the same fate when a foreign investor, after completing all due tendering process, backtracked for some technical reasons. An official associated with the project claimed that the absence of a national grid and tariff system were the major issues the investors faced in Gilgit Baltistan. The project is planned at Rondu, near Skardu. “Keeping in view the technical issues being faced by these projects, the federal government had decided to initiate work on these projects under PSDP and Public-Private Partnership system. However, due to the negligence of the Ministry of Planning and Devel-

opment and absence of lack of interests on the part of a political party in the centre, these projects are confined to the government's files,” said sources at the ministry. According to them, there are some other hydro based small power projects facing the same fate at various stages including Ghizer, 40 megawatts, 05 MW Hydro Power Project Hassanabad Hunza, and some others in different valleys adjacent to the River Indus. As the projects are already approved by the Central Development Working Party (CDWP) and Executive Committee of the National Economic Council (ECNEC), the Ministry of Planning and Development has been including in the development these projects with due allocations but without any considerable releases of funds. According to sources, the major reason of no progress on these projects was the absence of connection with National Grid. The northern part of the area (GB) is not connected to the national grid and hence, not a beneficiary of energy mix subsidy by the Federal Government, the National Grid is yet to be extended to the area.

Imran to hire Razzaq Dawood as economic advisor ISLAMABAD inp

Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) on Sunday said it will appoint renowned economy expert Abdul Razzaq Dawood to serve as advisor to party chief Imran Khan. In a statement, the PTI said Razzaq will advise the prime minister-in-waiting on matters of economy,

trade, investment and related matters. Earlier, PTI’s likely nominee for finance minister, Asad Umar, said his party would not attempt to privatise Pakistan's bloated and loss-making state companies such as Pakistan International Airlines Corp. and Pakistan Steel Mills. Media reports quoted him saying that there will be no relief for the people in the first 100 days of the

government. Umar said within the first 100 days of the new administration, the state-owned firms will be shifted into a wealth fund similar to Singapore’s Temasek Holdings Pvt. to remove them from political interference. The government will also have to take over some, if not all, of the national airline's 367 billion rupee debt ($2.1 billion) to start the carrier's turnaround, he said.

KARACHI: The incoming government should pay special attention to the port city of Karachi to realise the dream of "Naya Pakistan", a business leader said Sunday. Karachi is a business hub which attracts millions to its workforce and generates a lot of economic activity but has unfortunately been neglected through decades, he said. The city generates over 62 per cent of the taxes while its share in the GDP stands at 20 per cent, therefore, it should be developed to ensure rapid progress of the country, said ICCI Senior Vice President Malik Sohail Hussain. He said that the GDP of Karachi is estimated to hit the mark of $193 billion by 2025 but it can surpass the target if the new provincial and central government pays proper attention. Malik Sohail Hussain said that developmental budget of Rs25 billion is insufficient as the country needs a minimum of ten billion dollars to overcome issues. The city is reeling under various problems, it gets 565 million gallons of water per day leaving masses and industry on the mercy of tanker mafia. It is also facing problems like the garbage disposal, pathetic infrastructure, disordered transportation, frequent power and gas outages, lack of green spaces, deteriorating medical and educational facilities, rampant corruption, environmental degradation and poor policing resulting in ever increasing crimes. Political parties failed to address the issue of Karachi for decades, therefore, masses have voted for PTI anticipating a change, he said. OnLinE

Palm oil imports up by 7.06pc to $2.039bn ISLAMABAD: The imports of palm oil into the country witnessed an increase of 7.06 per cent during the fiscal year 2017-18 as compared to the imports of the corresponding period of the previous year. Pakistan imported palm oil worth $2039.718 million during JulyJune (2017-18) against the imports of $1905.136 million in July-June (2016-17), showing agrowth of 7.06 per cent, according to the data of Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS). In terms of quantity, Pakistan imported 2,843,350 metric tons of palm oil during the period under review against the imports of 2,606,841 metric tons last year, showing growth of 9.07 per cent. Meanwhile, the soya bean oil imports also increased from $122.785 million during FY2016-17 to $135.995 million in FY2017-18, showing a growth of 10.76 per cent. In terms of quantity, the soya bean imports increased from 117,393 metric tons to 156,718 metric tons, showing a growth of 33.50 per cent. Meanwhile, on a year-on-year basis, the palm oil imports into the country slipped down by 4.8 percent during June 2018 against the imports of June 2017. The palm oil imports during June 2018 were recorded at $151.398 million against the imports of $159.032 million, the data revealed. On month-on-month basis, the palm oil imports decreased by 4.85 percent during June 2018 when compared to the imports of $159.112 million in May 2018. On the other hand, the soya bean imports into the country increased by 5.49 percent in June 2018 to $10.815 million compared to the imports of $10.252 million in June 2017. On month-on-month basis, the soya bean imports into the country increased by 133.82 percent in June 2018 when compared to the imports of $4.764 million in May 2018, the data revealed. It is pertinent to mention here that the overall food imports into the country increased by 0.68 percent during July-June (2017-18) compared to corresponding period of last year. App

CPEC to turn Pakistan into great investment destination: LCCI LAHORE App

The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) project is bound to turn Pakistan into a great investment destination and it would start a new era of progress and prosperity in the country; therefore, it should be handled with extra care. Lahore Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI) President Malik Tahir Javaid said this while talking to agencies here on Sunday. He said that the multi-purpose project must be completed at all costs within the given timeframe. To a question, he said, "It will not be wrong to say that the economic benefits of this project are hard to estimate. China

has already promised to invest more than $46 billion in this connection. This project has the potential to work as a gamechanger." Although both governments are closely collaborating in this project, the private sectors of Pakistan and China would have a bigger role to play in this mega venture, he added. Malik said that CPEC was an overall cooperation platform with a focus on long-term development of bilateral cooperation in various fields. "Pakistan is bound to become economically strong and independent with never ending chain of investments from China. It will only be possible if the respective private sectors' representatives play their due role proactively," he added.

He, however, called upon the government to put in place effective measures so that a level playing field could be provided to the local industry and in this connection, the local industrialist must be facilitated and enabled to upgrade their industrial units on a par with developed world's industry. With the initiation of hundreds of projects and installation of industrial units under CPEC, he feared, Pakistan's industry would be rendered uncompetitive and ultimately would face closure; therefore, transforming the local industry into modern and technologically advanced one was direly needed. Malik Tahir Javaid also underscored that China, while expanding the CPEC projects, should also speed up the technology transfer into Pakistan, citing that

Pakistan was basically an agricultural country bestowed with variety of seasons and agro-based products, but due to lack of post-harvest technologies a lot of agriculture produce goes waste. Malik Tahir Javaid said that China and Pakistan need to maximise efforts to strengthen their relations in all fields and both the sides need to conduct market research to further strengthen bilateral trade relations. Priority should be given to each other for import of goods rather than buying from distant countries, he added. Collaboration was need of the hour in SMEs (Small and Medium Enterprises) and mega projects like oil & gas exploration activities, hydel and coal based energy projects, paper & board, sugar, cement, chemicals, transport and commu-

nication, construction of roads in Pakistan, scientific & educational cooperation and a number of other sectors of trade and economy. Lahore Chamber’s President called for completing this mega project and the government should not bow to any pressure on China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, citing that anti-CPEC elements were those who made Kalabagh Dam controversial and did not want to see Pakistan economically stable. To a question, he said that many projects under CPEC were under way and there were many to emerge with the passage of time. If Iran instantly collaborates with Pakistan, then there were greater chances that they would obtain reasonable share, he added.


BUSINESS 13

Monday, 13 August, 2018

CORPORATE CORNER country’s leading executives participate in ‘eiGhteen ceo summit asia 2018’

PePco continues worKinG DesPite Dissolution DirectiVes by GoVt, court PESHAWAR HIGH COURT ALONG WITH THE FORMER CABINET HAD DECIDED TO DISSOLVE PEPCO IN 2011 ISLAMABAD

LAHoRe: CEO Club Pakistan and Management House successfully organised the ‘EIGHTEEN CEO Summit Asia 2018’, Pakistan’s most anticipated event for the business Ccmmunity. The conference also saw the launch of the seventh international edition of the bestselling book ‘100 performing CEOs and Companies of Pakistan 2018’, which embraces hundred success stories of Pakistani CEOs working on national or international level, surmounting all the difficulties and casting a softer image of Pakistan on the global spectrum. pRESS RELEASE

jashan-e-azadi food festival at avari towers

KARACHI: Avari Towers Hotel is hosting “Jashan-eAzadi Food Festival” starting from August 10 to 14 2018. The concept of the event is to provide mouthwatering and lip-smacking delicacies of each region of Pakistan. The ambiance at poolside will depict the culture of all the provinces; Sindh, Punjab, Baluchistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Gilgit Baltistan. pRESS RELEASE

amreli steels to host ‘fireworks, lights show’ on i-D KARACHI: One of Karachi’s most anticipated celebratory events will start at 8 pm on August 14 2018 when grand fireworks will illuminate the sky in honour of Pakistan’s 71st Independence Day. Amreli Steels Ltd, Pakistan’s largest selling brand of steel bars, will host a dazzling fireworks and light show at the City of Jinnah monument at the Amreli Steels roundabout, adjacent to Dolmen Mall in Karachi. Earlier this year, Amreli Steels Ltd. unveiled the monument to commemorate the memory of the Father of the Nation, Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah. The monument features four portraits of the Quaid and has been made with Amreli Steels’ steel bars as an example of contemporary industrial art in a public space. pRESS RELEASE

Ptcl to illuminate hQ with unique 3D Digital show

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AHMAD AHMADAni

ESPITE the directions passed by the Peshawar High Court (PHC) in 2011 and a decision by the then federal cabinet for its dissolution, the Pakistan Electric Power Company Limited (PEPCO) is continuously functioning to control the entire power sector of the country till date. Interestingly, PEPCO was incorporated in 1998 in pursuance of the “Strategic Plan for Restructuring of the Pakistan Power Sector” to facilitate the transition process in the Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) power wing and effective corporatisation of new entities after unbundling of WAPDA. In pursuance of this mandate, PEPCO signed a Memorandum of Agreement (MoA) with the Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) for a period of two years. PEPCO was established for a specific mandate for a period of two years and was to be dissolved thereafter. However, after a lapse of many years, PEPCO continues to function. Later on, the Peshawar High Court (PHC) in its sou moto action on unscheduled load-shedding (power) in 2010 directed to dissolve PEPCO and the Cabinet (federal) decided in October 2011 to do the same. A notification was also produced before the honourable court (PHC) in this regard. It

is observed that the aforementioned decision of the Cabinet has not been implemented. PEPCO to date continues to function and operate. Therefore, it is unclear in what legal authority and capacity (if any) PEPCO is at functioning at the present. Sources in the power sector informed that a bureaucrat has still intact PEPCO unlawfully as the ministry of water and power had informed the PHC that it had dissolved PEPCO. They said PEPCO is continuously controlling the financial and to some extent administrative affairs of the entire power distributing companies (DISCOs), power generation companies (GENCOs), The National Transmission and Despatch Company (NTDC) and the Central Power Purchasing Agency (CPPA). Usually, Additional Secretary of power division/ministry keeps the charge of CPPA's acting Managing Director. And, power ministry’s Additional Secretary/MD PEPCO controls the DISCOs and GENCOs by overseeing and managing the their financial matters. They also said that although DISCOs, GENCOs, NTDC, and CPPA have their own board of directors (BoD), yet PEPCO officials are continuously intervening and badly affecting the entire power sector of the country. “A DMG (District Management Group) officer while working as Additional Secretary Power Ministry gets a salary from the ministry and at the same time the secretary keeps the charge of PEPCO MD and enjoys

other perks and privileges besides issuing instructions about payments to the owners of power plants,“ said sources. They added that CPPA has been collecting amounts from DISCOs and PEPCO has been found giving instructions about the distribution of payments while the distribution of payments as per the own sweet will of MD PEPCO has been causing losses to the DISCOs, GENCOs and national exchequer as well. Official sources at the power division, who requested anonymity, said that the functioning of PEPCO was unlawful as it has no legal status. They said that the high ups at the power division illegally control Rs2,200 billion in the sector - a sector that has constantly faced losses due to government inefficiencies. There is no need and use of PEPCO as DISCOs, GENCOs, NTDC and CPPA have their own BoD to take important policy decision, officials added. The National Electric Power Regulatory Authority (NEPRA) has also sought information from the power division on the subject of PEPCO. NEPRA has sought about PEPCO’s mandate and role in the energy sector; the legal authority under which PEPCO is functioning particularly in the light of the 2011 directions by PHC (Peshawar High Court) and the decision by the Cabinet for the dissolution of PEPCO. Further, role and function envisioned (if any) for PEPCO, particularly in light of the recent NEPRA Amendment Act. “Your expeditious response on the subject would be greatly appreciated and beneficial for the regulator in exercising its functions under law,”

Despite millions in local production, motorcycle imports up by 15.52pc ISLAMABAD App

Despite massive local production, the motorcycle imports into the country witnessed a 15.52 per cent increase during the fiscal year 2017-18 against the corresponding year, according to the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS). Pakistan imported motorcycles worth $106.382 million in July-June (2017-18) against the imports of $92.089 million in July-June 2016-17, showing a growth of 15.52 per cent. Meanwhile, on year-on-year basis, motorcy-

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited (PTCL) has planned a memorable 3D Digital show as part of Pakistan’s 71st Independence Day on August 13 and 14 from 8pm to midnight for the general public. People from all walks of life are welcome to come and enjoy a special 3D Digital Mapping and animation light show that will be displayed on PTCL HQ building, G-8/4, Islamabad. pRESS RELEASE

cle imports surged by 22.83 per cent during the month of June as compared to the same month of last year. The motorcycle imports in June 2018 were recorded at $9.562 million against the imports of $7.785 million in June 2017, the PBS data revealed. On month-on-month basis, the imports of motorcycles witnessed nominal increase of 0.81 percent during the month of June 2017 when compared to the imports of $9.485 million in May 2018, according to the data. Meanwhile, the local production of motorcycles during the first eleven months of fiscal year (2017-18) increased by 15.44 per cent as against the corresponding period of last year. As many as 2,650,233 motorcycles were manufactured during July-May (2017-18) against the output of 2,295,846 during July-May (2016-17), showing growth of 15.44 per cent, the latest PBS production data revealed. On year-on-year basis, the production of motorcycles increased by 14.57 per cent by growing from the output of 231,295 units in May 2017 to 264,984 units in May 2018.

Investors to track potential inflows from multilateral institutions LAHORE MOnEM FAROOQi

Experts believe that investors are going to keep a strict check on the economic development of the country with regards to its burgeoning balance of payments crisis in the next week. They told Pakistan Today that any positive development on the potential inflows from multilateral institutions, friendly countries or both may be cheered by market participants. Likewise, a number of blue chips are expected to announce the financial results during the week where better than expected results may trigger a rally in select scrips and sectors. The last week largely remained lacklustre for the market amid a lack of convincing triggers even as the upcoming political administration started taking shape with the formal nomination of

says the official document. Since its inception, PEPCO has assumed the role of overseeing and managing ggovernment-owned distribution and generation companies with the objective to improve their quality of service, reduce line losses and load shedding, minimize tripping and theft, constructing new grid and such other related matters. That being the case, it is pertinent to highlight that over the years the DISCOs performance key indicators have shown deterioration with respect to losses, interpretations, voltage function, recovery, safety and consumers complaints. Same is the case with generation companies owned by the government. This aspect has been highlighted in NEPRA’s State of Industry Reports and Performance Evaluation Report of NEPRA from time to time. As such, it is evident that PEPCI, in its capacity as the overseeing and management body of public sector entities has failed in executing this role in an efficacious and positive manner. The NEPRA in its communication with power division, has also asserted that the foregoing facts raised concern that warrant examination. More, importantly, the entire energy sector has recently been reformed by way of the Regulation of Generation, Transmission and Distribution of Electric Power (Amendment) Act, 2018. Under the said reforms, the energy sector is envisioned to be liberalized by way of de-regulation, market operations, and expanded monitoring and enforcement by the regulator (NEPRA). However, PEPCO’s effective role in these reforms and trajectory of the energy sector remains unclear, said NEPRA.

Imran Khan as PM and Chief Minister KPK. However, none of the newsflows on reshaping the political arena succeeded in lifting market sentiments following persistent macro issues. The market, resultantly, crept up a marginal 0.8 per cent as compared to the preceding week at 42,842 points. Investor confidence has gradually been returning post clarity over the political front. A wait and watch strategy was broadly visible as volumes plunged during the last week. On the macro front, some temporary respite for the balance of payments seemed to emerge in the form of loans from friendly countries and other sources such as a $4 billion loan from the Jeddah based Islamic Development Bank and groundwork on diaspora bonds. The proposed diaspora bond is said to be expected a 5 year, $1 billion bonds priced at an attractive 7-8 per cent. Ad-

ditionally, details emerged on the tax collection of the amnesty scheme where the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) reported to have booked Rs97 billion as taxes by the end of the fiscal year 2018 that was around per cent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Whereas another Rs23 billion were collected in July. Foreign investors offloaded significant positions last week with net selling of $38.6 million recorded during the week. Most of that was tracked in oil and gas and banking sectors as the oil and gas sector recorded $14.1 million and banks at $10.6 million. On the other hand, insurance and individuals remained the largest buyers with $16.7 million and $10.8 million. Market activity appeared tilted towards blue chips during the week amid an overall dip in market activity as evident by the 27 per cent contraction in

CMYK

textile sector gets rs25.5bn under PM trade package ISLAMABAD: The Ministry of Commerce and Textile has revealed that Rs25.5 billion has been given to the textile sector in the first phase under the prime minister’s trade enhancement package. According to a report quoting a senior official in the Ministry of Commerce and Textile, Rs2.6 billion was disbursed to the textile sector in the first two months during Phase II from July 1 to August 7. The report said that Ministry of Commerce and Textile had assured payments through the Prime Minister “Trade Enhancement Package” to the textile sector by February 2019 to enhance the country’s exports. The report said that the government had planned to expand coverage areas under the Trade Enhancement Package” to remaining industrial sectors including pharmaceuticals. ppi

citizens can avail 10pc rebate by paying token tax till aug 31 ADTO to 208 million shares and 19 per cent constriction in ADTV to $78 million. Major sectors were cement gaining 6 per cent and automobiles 4 per cent as compared to the past week followed by sound performers. Food producers and commercial banks stayed major losers dropping 1.6 and 0.7 per cent as against the preceding week. In addition, key highlights of the week were cotton crop seen collapsing by 21 per cent on year on to 11 million bales in 2019 due to water shortages.

RAWALPINDI: The citizens can avail a 10 per cent rebate by paying token tax of their vehicles before Aug 31. According to Excise and Taxation, Motor Registration Authority Officer Masood Bashir and AETO Motors Sohail Shahzad, the Punjab Government has extended the date to provide a 10 per cent rebate to the vehicle owners who would pay token tax till Aug 31. In order to facilitate the citizens, Excise and Taxation Office Rawalpindi is making efforts said Sohail Shahzad. He informed the mdia that the vehicle owners who would deposit token tax for next financial year 2018-19 before Aug 31 can avail the rebate. A special counter has been set up at the Excise and Taxation Office particularly to facilitate the citizens, he added. App


14 SPORTS

Monday, 13 August, 2018

SpaiN’S pique CoNfiRmS iNTeRNaTioNal ReTiRemeNT BARCELONA

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AGENCIES

ARCELONA’S Spain defender Gerard Pique has confirmed his retirement from international football. The 31-year-old centre-back made 102 appearances for his country between 2009 and 2018, scoring five times. He was part of the Spain team that won their first World Cup in 2010, before adding the 2012 European Championship. His appearances were often greeted with jeers and whistles by Spanish fans, partly because of his support for Catalonia’s independence referendum. Catalonia, a region of 7.5 million people in north-eastern Spain, has its own language and culture and Barcelona is its capital. Pique had declared his intention to quit international football after the 2018 World Cup following a qualifier against Albania in October 2016, when he said he was tired of criticism and wanted “to be left in peace”. He remains a divisive figure within Spain, and has often been critical of Barca’s club rivals Real Madrid. Pique did not immediately confirm his retirement following Spain’s exit from the World Cup, when they lost on penalties to hosts Russia in the last 16. His expected decision comes despite former Barca boss Luis Enrique having since been appointed Spain’s manager. “I spoke to Luis Enrique a few days ago. He called me and I told him

the decision was taken a long time ago and that I had thought about it carefully,” Pique said on Saturday. “It was a beautiful time with the national team in which I had the chance to win the World Cup and the European Championship. Now I want to focus on Barca,” he added. “I have a few years left here and I’m going to enjoy them a lot.” Barca, who won the Spanish double last season, play Sevilla in the Spanish Super Cup in Tangier, Morocco, on Sunday. LUIS ENRIQUE’S ALTERNATIVES: Pique’s international retirement will not be reversed, leaving Luis Enrique a difficult decision over who can replace the defender in the Spanish national team. September will see the former Barcelona coach take charge of his first match in charge of La Roja, and he will be forced to explore alterna-

tive defensive options moving forward. Sergio Ramos will continue to captain the team, however it’s unclear just who will partner him at the heart of Spain’s defence. Nacho Fernandez and Cesar Azpilicueta seem the most likely candidates based on the fact the pair were part of the squad Julen Lopetegui took to the World Cup in Russia. However, Luis Enrique has already made clear that supporters can expect surprises from him in terms of selections, he isn’t a closed book to unexpected call-ups. One name that is growing ever closer to a return to the national setup is Marc Bartra, who has totally rediscovered his form since joining Real Betis from Borussia Dortmund. The Spain coach knows him well from their time together at the Camp Nou, and he hasn’t missed the progress the La Masia graduate has

made since returning to LaLiga. Javi Martinez has emerged as the first choice central defender alongside Mats Hummels in Munich, and he could also be an option to play alongside Ramos. His ability on the ball is unquestionable and it’s this skill that could make the transition away from the Ramos/Pique partnership less strenuous that it could have been. Athletic Club have a strong rank of defenders, despite the fact they lose Aymeric Laporte in January, with Inigo Martinez, Yeray and Unai Nunez all developing at an exceptional rate. All three could soon find themselves in the frame for an international call-up and Martinez has already represented the senior team on four occasions, although the latest came in 2016. The case of Laporte is also an interesting one with the Manchester City defender having declared himself eligible for France but not yet having received an international cap. Didier Deschamps’ ranks in that position are strong with Presnel Kimpembe, Adil Rami, Laurent Koscielny, Raphael Varane and Lucas Hernandez all ahead of him in the pecking order. This could yet see the Basque defender reverse his decision and declare himself eligible to represent the Spanish national team at senior level. Diego Llorente and David Lopez are outside bets to take the position, and there is no shortage of avenues for Luis Enrique to go down as La Roja move on from one of their most decorated international defenders of all time in Pique.

Sevilla threaten Super Cup action against Barca MADRID: Sevilla have threatened to file a complaint against Barcelona if the La Liga champions field more than three non-EU players in Sunday’s Spanish Super Cup clash. The Spanish football federation (RFEF) said on Saturday that there would be no restrictions on players from outside the EU for the Super Cup, despite only three being allowed in squads for league matches. Sevilla said they could file a complaint if Barca name an “improper lineup” in Tangier, Morocco. “Sevilla FC is surprised by the RFEF’s announcement 24 hours before the Super Cup,” Sevilla said in a statement. “It has said that as many non-EU players as desired can be registered. In their last statement for the 2018-2019 season, only three were due to be allowed, without exception. “The club’s legal department is studying the matter and should FC Barcelona submit a team with more than three nonEU players, it would present possible ground for the filing of a complaint on account of an improper line-up.” New signings Malcom, Arturo Vidal and Arthur will likely be Barca’s three non-EU players on Sunday, although Brazilian centre-back Marlon has also travelled with the squad. Philippe Coutinho has reportedly acquired a Portuguese passport through his wife in the last week, while his fellow South Americans Lionel Messi and Luis Suarez are already EU citizens. Sevilla qualified for the match as last season’s Copa del Rey runners-up, after Barcelona won the league and cup double. AGENCIES

Tsitsipas sets up Nadal final at Rogers Cup

If you’re not happy you cannot give your best: Pogba

LONDON AGENCIES

Paul Pogba said he needs to be happy to perform at his best for Manchester United, adding that he would be fined if he spoke his true feelings. The midfielder, 25, won the World Cup with France in the summer and scored in United’s 2-1 win over Leicester in Friday’s Premier League opener.

But Pogba fell out of favour during the 201718 campaign and this summer he was linked with a move to Barcelona. “If you’re not happy, you cannot give your best,” Pogba said. “There are things I cannot say otherwise I will get fined,” he added. Asked about the differences between playing for France and playing for United, Pogba said: “I am the same, but it’s a different team, obviously. “I still enjoying playing football but like I said,

when you are comfortable or confident and are good in the head, it’s going to be easier.” Pogba joined United for a then-world record £89m in August 2016, but was left out of the starting line-up for both legs of United’s Champions League last-16 defeat by Sevilla last season. But Pogba, who wore the captain’s armband for United on Friday, added: “I always love the club [United]. I came from the academy, I played for the first team. For me, it was a dream come true.” Pogba scored as France beat Croatia 4-2 in the final to win the World Cup in July for the second time. After France’s victory, former United defender Rio Ferdinand said it was “down to Jose [Mourinho] to unlock this Pogba we saw at the World Cup because he was responsible, he stood up to a lot of hard tests in midfield, and was a talisman for this team”. United manager Mourinho praised Pogba for being “absolutely brilliant” in Les Bleus’ final three matches in Russia. “It’s about him understanding why he was so good, especially in the second part of the competition,” said the Portuguese. Pogba said “everybody was on the same page” in the France dressing room, from manager Didier Deschamps to the staff and players. “When you have everybody with you, everybody next to you, you know they want to fight for you, obviously it’s going to be easier,” he said.

TORONTO: Unseeded youngster Stefanos Tsitsipas saved a match point before beating Kevin Anderson to set up a final against Rafael Nadal at the Rogers Cup. The Greek, who turns 20 on the day of Sunday’s final in Toronto, overcame the South African 6-7 (4-7) 6-4 7-6 (9-7). The world number 27 also beat Dominic Thiem, Novak Djokovic and Alexander Zverev in previous rounds. In the women’s final, Romanian world number one Simona Halep will play American Sloane Stephens in Montreal. Halep beat Australian Ashleigh Barty 6-4 6-1, while Stephens was a 6-3 6-3 winner against Ukraine’s Elina Svitolina. ‘I CAN’T BELIEVE WHAT JUST HAPPENED’: Tsitsipas, who will be the the first unseeded finalist in Canada since Germany’s Nicolas Kiefer in 2008, will be contesting his first ATP Masters 1000 final after his win over Anderson. “I didn’t even have this in my head,” said Tsitsipas. “I thought winning a couple of rounds would be amazing but I’m in the final already. I can’t believe what just happened, “I didn’t aim that high and I think with low expectations I managed to pull out my best tennis.” World number one Nadal beat Russia’s Karen Khachanov 7-6 (7-3) 6-4 to reach his 116th ATP final. AGENCIES

Stephens ends Svitolina’s title defense in Montreal MONTREAL AGENCIES

Sloane Stephens is through to her third final of 2018 at the Coupe Rogers after knocking out defending champion Elina Svitolina in straight sets, 6-3, 6-3. Stephens will face World No.1 Simona Halep for a chance to lift the Montreal trophy - a rematch of their French Open final earlier this year. “I just played her at French Open in the final, and we played a good match,” Stephens said. “I played very well for a set and a half. Hopefully tomorrow I’ll play very well for two sets. Just try to play as well as I can. “Obviously I’m playing good

tennis. She’s playing good tennis. To make a final of another tournament is incredible. It’s three finals on the year for me. I’m really pleased with that. “[I] worked very hard to get here to this point, so just going to compete really hard tomorrow and give it my all. Whatever happens happens.” Svitolina came into the tournament bidding to become the first player to win back-to-back Coupe Rogers titles since Martina Hingis in 2000; she had already successfully defended two out of her three 2017 Premier 5 trophies - Dubai and Rome - with Montreal being the third. She got off to a slow start against Stephens, gifting the Amer-

ican a break to love in the very first game, and Stephens quickly backed it up with another to lead 4-0. But the Ukrainian, who was also trailing by a 0-4 deficit in her previous match before rallying past Elise Mertens, was keen to put together another comeback as she finally got going. Her counterpunching game got more aggressive as she stepped inside the court, grabbing one of the breaks back and consolidating to 53 with points to make it 5-4. Stephens wasn’t troubled though, employing her easy power off the baseline to slam the door shut on a possible comeback and take the opening set. With the victory, Stephens in one step closer to becoming the first

American since 2013 to lift the Coupe Rogers trophy. That year’s winner was Serena Williams, who was also the last player to win without dropping a set. “I can’t put my finger on one thing to say that’s the reason why I’m playing well. Just kind of good weeks come and good weeks go,” Stephens said. “I’ve been playing well, consistent. That’s great. I played some really tough players. Really pleased with that. Obviously happy with my performance today. “Just going into tomorrow, I got to compete hard, do the best I can… Playing the No. 1 player in the world, I’m not supposed to win. Just going to go out and give it my all.”

CMYK


SPORTS 15

Monday, 13 August, 2018

LORD’S TEST

eNglaNd ThRaSh iNdia By aN iNNiNgS aNd 159 RuNS LONDON

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NGLAND thrashed India by an innings and 159 runs to win the second Test at Lord’s on Sunday with visiting skipper Virat Kohli admitting: “We deserved to lose.” Victory, achieved on the fourth day of a rain-marred match featuring a total firstday washout, put England 2-0 up in this five-match series. “I am not very proud of the way we played,” said Kohli. “England deserved to win; we deserved to lose.” India slumped to 130 all out in their second innings, with James Anderson taking his 100th Test wicket at Lord’s en route to four for 23, with Stuart Broad s four for 44 featuring two wickets in two balls. But, appropriately, Chris Woakes ended the match when he had Ishant Sharma caught at leg-slip by debutant Ollie Pope. Woakes, recalled in place of Ben Stokes after his fellow all-rounder was omitted because of an ongoing trial for affray, made 137 not out — his maiden Test century — in England s firstinnings 396 for seven declared.

ENGLAND 396 FOR 7 DEC (WOAKES 137*, BAIRSTOW 93, PANDYA 3-66, SHAMI 3-96) BEAT INDIA 107 (ASHWIN 29, ANDERSON 5-20) AND 130 (ASHWIN 33*, ANDERSON 4-23, BROAD 4-44) BY AN INNINGS AND 159 RUNS His stand of 189 with Jonny Bairstow, an England record for the sixth-wicket against India, helped the hosts recover after they had slumped to 89 for four. Anderson took five for 20 in swingfriendly conditions as India collapsed to 107 all out in their first innings. India batted for just 82.2 overs in the entire match, with England s lone innings occupying 88.1 overs. England completed their total and utter domination of India in the Lord’s Test with a win in just 170.3 overs making it the third-shortest Test in the country over the last 100 years. The third Test at Trent Bridge starts on Saturday, with India now looking to become only the second team in history to win a five-Test series from 2-0 down after a Don Bradman-inspired Australia achieved the feat against England back in 1936/37.

‘Qalandars development programme an incredible opportunity’ ABBOTTABAD STAFF REPORT

Former Brazil striker Ronaldo ‘hospitalised with pneumonia in Spain’ BARCELONA AGENCIES

Retired Brazilian striker Ronaldo has been hospitalised with pneumonia on the Spanish holiday island of Ibiza and is recovering well, a local newspaper reported Sunday. The 41-year-old, widely considered one of the world’s best-ever players, was admitted to the intensive care unit of the Can Misses Hospital on the island on Friday afternoon where he was diagnosed with pneumonia, local daily newspaper Diario de Ibiza reported. Several hours later Ronaldo asked to be transferred to a private hospital called Clinica Nuestra Senora

del Rosario, the newspaper added. The former Barcelona and Real Madrid player remains in intensive care and but was “evolving favourably”, unnamed hospital sources told the newspaper. Contacted by AFP, a hospital spokeswoman said she was unable to give any information for privacy reasons. Ronaldo, who was named FIFA’s world player of the year three times prior to his retirement from football in 2011, is a regular visitor to Ibiza, where he owns a house. He won his first cap for Brazil as a 17-year-old and went on to score 62 goals in 97 international appearances, including both goals when Brazil beat Germany 2-0 in the 2002 World Cup final.

Pakistan batsman Fakhar Zaman said on Sunday that the Lahore Qalandars’ development programme is an amazing opportunity for youngsters. While speaking to media persons, Zaman said through this program, talent from far-flung areas will have a chance to shine. “These areas have a lot of talent, however, a lack of facilities holds people back from showcasing their talent. The Rising Stars programme gives them a platform to showcase their talent,” he said. On the Pakistan Super League (PSL) and playing for the Lahore Qalandars’ franchise, Zaman said the league gave him an opportunity to improve his game. “I learned a lot while sharing the dressing room with some of the top players from Lahore Qalandars.” “Not only did I get a chance to play with some of the top players I got to play against them,” he added. “Hasan Ali, Shadab Khan, Faheem Ashraf and I all came into the spotlight because of PSL.” The 28-year-old added the reason behind his success is hard work. “I try to perform my best in every match,” he said. “I do not run after individual targets.” “I play from match to match and series to series.” About the upcoming Asia Cup encounter against India, the

record-smashing batsman said that he will try to replicate his Champions Trophy innings against India. 12-YEAR-OLD’S DREAM COMES TRUE: In line with their mission to help aspiring cricketers achieve their dreams, Pakistan Super League team Lahore Qalandars made a 12-year-old boy’s wish come true. Zia-ur-Rehman, an aspiring Qalandar, travelled from Battagram to appear in trials for Lahore Qalandars’ players development programme in Abbottabad on Sunday. As soon he came to the nets to show off his skills, his confidence caught the attention of Inzamam-ul-Haq

and Fakhar Zaman, who were there to conduct the trials. They decided to test the young batsman by bowling to him, and lauded his skills and confidence. “It was my dream moment to face them,” Zia said. “I want to play for Pakistan and I know that only Lahore Qalandars can support me.” The youngster also prepared a song in Pashtu language to express his love for Lahore Qalandars. The punchline of the Pashtu song translated as “Insha’Allah, this time Lahore Qalandars will become champions.” Following his appearance in the trials, the young batsman also got some useful tips from Fakhar Zaman.

Courtois misses Chelsea training through stress LONDON AGENCIES

Thibaut Courtois missed training at Chelsea before moving to Real Madrid because he was stressed, says his agent who added that the keeper had apologised to the Blues. Courtois, 26, said he wanted to move to be closer to his children in Madrid and did not return to Stamford Bridge after playing for Belgium in the World Cup. “The deal was about to be realised,” said his agent Christophe

Henrotay. “It’s probably something that ideally we wouldn’t have wanted.” Henrotay added: “This was the situation, he apologised and finally everybody is happy.” Courtois signed a six-year deal with Real to end his sevenyear spell at Chelsea, who signed Kepa Arrizabalaga for £71m as his replacement. “It’s true that some players push and it’s true that at certain moments Thibaut was getting a bit stressed by the situation because Madrid made an offer and he had an opportunity to go,” said

Courtois’ agent. “He was a bit stressed that this could not happen.” ‘CHELSEA UNDERSTOOD THE SITUATION’: Courtois was voted best goalkeeper at the tournament in Russia, where Belgium beat England in a thirdplace play-off. Courtois described his move to the European champions as “realising a dream” but Henrotay says he would have stayed at Chelsea if his family lived in London. “There has been a misunderstanding that he wanted to get a move for the

wrong reasons, but he was pushing to go out of Chelsea because of his child,” said Henrotay. “If the family were in London it would have been totally different. He would have stayed, there is no reason to leave a club like Chelsea, he could have won trophies. “Unfortunately his kids are living with the mother in Madrid. “He had the contract and it depended on Chelsea, but running close to the end of his contract, Chelsea had an interest to find a deal with Madrid, which they did.

CMYK

“It is personal reasons so we have to respect this. Chelsea understood the situation and really helped to get the deal. “They did a really quick and

easy deal together, understanding the humanity of the situation. It is not doing something against their fans, it is about getting the best of a situation that is not ideal.”


Monday, 13 August, 2018

NEWS

IntEnsE FIghtIng As tAlIbAn prEss tO tAKE AFghAn CIty KABUL

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ALIBAN insurgents attacked police headquarters and other government buildings in Ghazni in central Afghanistan on Sunday and were threatening to seize control of the city, with the main highway now heavily mined, local lawmakers and residents said. Afghan security forces keep watch at a checkpoint on the Ghazni highway, in Maidan Shar, the capital of Wardak province, Afghanistan August 12, 2018. REUTERS/Mohammad Ismail US aircraft conducted at least four air strikes and local media said around 100 people, mostly members of the security forces, had been killed. But details of the fighting were unclear as most of the city’s telecoms masts were destroyed in fighting over recent days. Mohammad Sharif Yaftali, Afghan army chief of staff, said the city was not under threat of collapse and heavy fighting was underway to push back the Taliban from city limits. “Strategic locations and centers in the city are under the control of Afghan forces and the Taliban are hiding inside people’s homes and shops and resisting,” Yaftali told reporters at a news conference in Kabul. But lawmakers from Ghazni who managed to talk to some residents said Taliban were in control of much of the city after launching an initial attack in the early hours of Friday. “Only the governor’s office, police headquarters and intelligence agency’s compound are in the hands of the gov-

ernment and Taliban are pushing to take them,” said Chaman Shah Ehtemadi, a lawmaker from Ghazni. The attack, the heaviest blow struck by the Taliban since they came close to overrunning the western city of Farah in May, dampened hopes of peace talks which had grown since a surprise threeday truce during the Eid al-Fitr holiday in June. But local officials have warned for months that Ghazni, a strategic city on the main highway linking Kabul with Afghanistan’s south, was under threat, with the Taliban in control of most of the surrounding province. Mohammad Rahim Hasanyar, a member of the provincial council, said heavy fighting was continuing in several areas of the city and Afghan forces were in defense mode. “No one knows what the exact situation is because there is no communication service,” he said. There was no confirmed word on casualties. Quoting a hospital official, Afghanistan’s 1TV television reported more than 90 members of the security forces and 13 civilians had been killed, with more than 100 wounded. It said there had also been heavy Taliban casualties. The Red Cross said in a message on Twitter that it was watching the situation closely. It had supplied body bags to the provincial hospital and was ready to provide more assistance. “FIRE AND DEAD BODIES”: With the highway heavily mined to prevent reinforcements from arriving, residents were largely blocked inside but some who managed to escape across fields on the city’s periphery said many govern-

Five FC personnel killed in DI Khan accident

ment buildings were ablaze. “There was burning and fire and dead bodies everywhere in the city,” said Abdul Wakil, a local resident who escaped, told Reuters at a checkpoint into Kabul. President Ashraf Ghani made no mention of the crisis during an extended speech on youth affairs on Sunday and with little coming out from the government, people were left to rely on alternative sources of information. Short videos circulating on social media, purported to be from Ghazni, showed a number of heavily armed Taliban patrolling in the city with a large plume of smoke and flames coming out from the town. “It is over and the city is taken,” said a man standing outside his home, with several Taliban insurgents nearby. The videos could not be independ-

At least five Frontier Corps personnel were martyred and 30 others injured in a road accident on Sunday in DI Khan. It was reported that the accident took place at Daraban Zhob Road when a passenger van collided with the security forces’ vehicle. The police said that “the deceased and the wounded were shifted to Combined Military Hospital.”

Manchester police say 10 people injured in shooting

YOUNG MOUNTAINEER DEDICATES HER ACHIEVEMENT TO DARING WOMEN OF PAKISTAN

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Mountaineer Komal Uzair has become the second Pakistani woman to scale the Spantik Peak in Nagar Valley of Gilgit Baltistan, a private TV channel reported on Sunday. Komal was accompanied by her brother Shayan Anwer during the expedition. They also wore an Ajrak at the summit as they are the first siblings

Ten people, including two children, were injured early Sunday morning when shots were fired after a Caribbean carnival in the northern English city of Manchester. Greater Manchester police said one man is in stable but serious condition at a local hospital with injuries to his legs. The other nine people are being treated for pellet-type wounds suffered in the shooting, which was reported at about 2:30 a.m. Sunday. "Thankfully the injuries suffered do not appear to be as serious as first believed, and hopefully people will begin to leave hospital over the course of the day following treatment," Chief Superintendent Wasim Chaudhry said in a statement, urging anyone else who may be injured to seek treatment. "This was a reckless act that could have had devastating consequences with families and friends losing loved ones." He later added the working hypothesis of authorities is that the pellets came from a shotgun discharge. "How many times it has been discharged isn't clear at this stage and forms part of our investigation," he said. The shooting comes amid a spike in gun and knife crime in Britain that has sparked calls for government action in a country where firearms are strictly controlled.

QUETTA Staff RepoRt

At least one person was killed while several were injured in a blast that took place in Chaman district of Balochistan province. According to media reports, the blast occurred at Chaman’s Mall Road area near the under-construction District Police Official (DPO) office on Mall road, police said. Rescue sources have confirmed that one person was killed while 10 others were injured, including four soldiers of Frontier Corps (FC) and a child. The injured were taken to civil hospital where a man died during treatment. Critically injured persons were moved to Quetta. The security forces have issued a high alert in the area while the blast site has been cordoned off. According to the police, it was a remotecontrolled bomb that targeted soldiers of FC. It was added that the bomb was fitted on a motorbike and hit a convoy of the FC at the main Mall Road. DALBANDIN ATTACK: On Saturday, six people including three foreigners were injured in a suicide blast near a bus carrying employees of Saindak CopperGold Project in Dalbandin. According to Quetta Division Commissioner Muhammad Hashim Ghilzai, a suicide bomber detonated explosives near the bus. As a result, three foreigners and three FC personnel were injured in the blast. The injured were shifted to a nearby hospital for treatment. Security forces have started an investigation into the incident. Caretaker Balochistan chief minister Allaudin Marri condemned the attack and has sought a detailed report on the security measures for Chinese engineers.

Eid on August 22

Komal Uzair scales Spantik Peak in Gilgit-Baltistan

DERA ISMAIL KHAN Staff RepoRt

ently verified by Reuters but they generated heavy commentary by social media users that underlined the shock caused by the attack. US military headquarters in Kabul said sporadic clashes were occurring and American aircraft had conducted five strikes on Saturday and four more on Sunday. “The Afghan National Defence and Security Forces continue to hold their ground and maintain control of all government centers,” Lt Col Martin O’Donnell, U.S. Forces Afghanistan spokesman, said in an emailed statement. The Taliban have not taken a major provincial centre since they overran the northern city of Kunduz in 2015 and the assault on Ghazni was a major blow to the Western-backed government just weeks before parliamentary elections scheduled for Oct. 20.

One killed, several injured in Chaman blast

from Sindh to summit Spantik Peak. Komal said that she along with her brother completed their summit on the morning of August 6 at 9:46am. “It wasn’t an easy expedition for us as just before we were ascending, the weather got worsen and we had to stay in base camp for five days,” Komal said. Spantik is also known as the Golden Peak and is in SpantikSosbun Mountains, a subrange of the Karakoram in Nagar Valley of Gilgit

Baltistan. Its northwest face features an exceptionally hard climbing route known as the Golden Pillar. It lies east of Diran and northeast of Malubiting. Komal is the second Pakistani woman to scale Spantik after Uzma Yousuf who had completed the summit on August 2, 2017. Komal said that she’s proud of her achievement and her success was a success of every woman who wants to achieve something in life. “I’m very proud and excited that we reached the summit despite difficulties and escaping from rock falling,” she said. “My inspiration has always been Samina Baig, a Pakistani highaltitude mountaineer who in 2013 climbed Mount Everest and then all seven summits by 2014. Uzma is also an example. If one woman can do then there is no reason why other women can do this,” she said. Shayan, who was with his sister during the expedition, said that he’s proud of his sister’s achievements. “I’m really proud of my sister,” he said and shared that after climbing 7,000m peak, they were now aiming to reach 8,000m in the next attempt.

NEwS DESK Central Ruet-e-Hilal Committee sighted the Zilhaj moon on Sunday and announced that Eidul Azha will be celebrated across the country on August 22. Committee chairman Mufti Muneebur Rehman presided over the Sunday’s meeting. “The committee has spotted the Zilhaj moon and based its decision on several witnesses. Eidul Azha will be celebrated in the country on August 22 (Wednesday),” he announced. Zilhaj is the twelfth and final month in the Islamic calendar. It is the month in which the Hajj pilgrimage takes place. The month of Zilhaj will start on August 13 in Pakistan. On Saturday, Saudi Arabia’s Supreme Court announced August 12 marks the start of Zilhaj, the Saudi Press Agency reported, according to Arab News. Eidul Azha commemorates Prophet Ibraheem’s willingness to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience to Allah, before Allah replaced the son with a ram to be sacrificed instead. Muslims celebrate Eidul Azha on the 10th of Zilhaj.

Nobel laureate VS Naipaul, 85, dies in London LONDON aGeNCIeS

British author VS Naipaul, a famously outspoken Nobel laureate who wrote on the traumas of post-colonial change, has died at the age of 85. Naipaul, who was born in Trinidad and the son of an Indian civil servant, was best known for works including “A House for Mr Biswas” and his Man Booker Prize-winning “In A Free State”. “He died surrounded by those he loved having lived a life which was full of wonderful creativity and endeavour,” his wife Lady Nadira Naipaul said in a statement on Saturday.

She described the outspoken author as a “giant in all that he achieved”. Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul settled in England and studied English literature at Oxford University on a scholarship. But he spent much of his time travelling and despite becoming a pillar of Britain’s cultural establishment, was also a symbol of modern rootlessness. Naipaul’s early works focused on the West Indies, but came to encompass countries around the world. He stirred controversy in the past, describing post-colonial countries as “half-made societies” and arguing that Islam both enslaved and attempted to wipe out other cultures. When he was

awarded the 2001 Nobel prize for literature, the Swedish Academy described him as a “literary circumnavigator, only ever really at home in himself, in his inimitable voice”. It said he was “the annalist of the destinies of empires in the moral sense:

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what they do to human beings”. “His authority as a narrator is grounded in his memory of what others have forgotten, the history of the vanquished,” it said. Naipaul, who was knighted in 1990, mixed fiction, non-fiction and autobiography without distinction. One of his seminal novels was the “A House for Mr Biswas” (1961), which looked at the almost impossible task for Indian immigrants in the Caribbean of trying to integrate into society while keeping hold of their roots. Overall he wrote more than 30 books, and was one of the first winners of the Booker Prize, now Britain’s leading literary award, in 1971 for “In A Free State”.

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