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12 August, 2018 I 29 Zul Qadah, 1439 I Rs 25.00 I Vol IX No 45 I 116 Pages I Karachi Edition

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ThREE PolICE PERSoNNEl KIllED IN GuN ATTACK IN GIlGITBAlTISTAN; SIX PERSoNS, INCluDING ThREE ChINESE ENGINEERS, INjuRED IN SuICIDE BoMBING IN BAloChISTAN STORY ON PAGE 02

quetta: An injured Frontier Corps (FC) soldier being treated in a hospital. staff photo

General Musharraf’s party in disarray g

Ex-diCtatoR’S aPML diSSoLvES PaRty oRgaNiSatioNS aMidSt ChaRgES of CoRRuPtioN iN ELECtioN fuNd

PPP nominates Murad Shah for Sindh CM, durrani for speaker g

REhaNa LEghaRi NoMiNatEd foR PoSt of dEPuty SPEakER SiNdh aSSEMbLy

STORY ON PAGE 02

more inside stories

fia traces four more fake accounts used in Rs35bn money laundering scam STORY ON PAGE 03

SC summons Nawaz, ex-generals Beg and Durrani in Asghar Khan case STORY ON PAGE 07

Nandipur project delay caused Rs27b loss, Supreme Court told STORY ON BACK PAGE

$64M remitted to Pakistan under Tax Amnesty Scheme STORY ON PAGE 13

STORY ON PAGE 02

imran khan nominates imran ismail for Sindh governor STORY ON PAGE 03

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02 NEWS

Sunday, 12 August, 2018

AGAIN

NOTORIOUS TERRORIST COMMANDER KHALIL REPORTEDLY KILLED IN ATTACK ON POLICE CHECKPOST BANNED BALOCHISTAN LIBERATION ARMY CLAIMS RESPONSIBILITY FOR SUICIDE ATTACK ON BUS CARRYING CHINESE ENGINEERS IN DADAR ISLAMABAD/QUETTA

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STAFF REPORT

FTER a bloody election month, two more terror incidents in Gilgit-Baltistan (GB) and Balochistan are likely to pose a serious security challenge to the incoming federal government of the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI), as three police personnel were killed in an armed attack in GB’s Diamir district while at least six people, including three Chinese engineers, were injured in an unprecedented suicide attack by a Baloch nationalist militia. A week after the burning down of at least 14 schools, most of them for girls, and an attack on a sessions judge in Diamer, G-B, suspected terrorists attacked a police checkpost at about 5am in the Kargah Nullah area, killing three police personnel namely Nawaz, Fazal and Wakeel and injuring two—Zeeshan and Zia. However, police were able to kill two suspected terrorists in a retaliatory fire while three others fled the scene

QUETTA: A view of the bus that was destroyed in the attack. ONLINE

leaving their weapons behind. Deputy Inspector General Gohar Nafees told reporters that one of the assailants killed in the encounter was identified as Commander Khalil, who had a bounty of Rs 3 million on his head. Khalil was also accused of killing nine foreign tourists in Nanga Parbat in 2013, besides murdering three security officials in Chilas in 2013. The bodies and injured were shifted to the District Headquarters Hospital for autopsies and treatment. “Security has been put on high alert and an additional police contingent has called in to launch a search operation in the area,” said the spokesperson for the GB government while paying tribute to the martyred policemen. There will be no compromise on the government’s writ, he asserted. RESIDENCE OF DC ATTACKED: Meanwhile, shots were fired at the residence of Diamer Deputy Commissioner Dildar Malik. The bullets fired by the gunmen early on Saturday morning hit the outer walls of the DC's

PTI’s NA tally reaches 158 after getting 28 women, five minority seats ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) on Saturday notified the seats reserved for women and minorities in the national and provincial assemblies, raising the tally of Pakistan Tehreek-eInsaf’s (PTI) seats in the National Assembly to 158. According to the electoral watchdog, the PTI’s number in the NA increased to 125 after nine out of 13 independent candidates who won the election joined the PTI. Following the formula laid down in the constitution, the PTI has now been allotted as many as 28 reserved women and five minority seats in the lower house of the parliament, taking its total seats to 158. According to the official party standings issued by the ECP, Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) will have captured the second spot as its total strength would be 82 after adding 16 women and two minority seats. The PML-N originally won 64 general seats for NA on July 25. The Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) remains third with 53 general seats after being allotted two seats reserved for minorities and nine reserved for women. Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA) will have fifteen members in the house with 12 general seats, two women and a minority member. Pakistan Muslim League-Quaid (PML-Q), Grand Democratic Alliance (GDA), Balochistan National Party (BNP) and Balochistan Awami Party (BAP) would receive one woman reserved seat each. The first session of the 15th National Assembly has been summoned on August 13 (Monday), while the election for the new prime minister is expected to take place on August 17 (Friday). The PTI, which swept the July 25 general elections by winning 116 general seats, requires a simple majority of votes from the number of lawmakers present in the house to elect party chairman Imran Khan as the 22nd prime minister of Pakistan.

house, Diamer police official said. The DC remained safe in the incident. According to reports, miscreants also torched a bulldozer parked at a construction site in Khambri village. Gilgit-Baltistan, a relatively peaceful territory, is in the eye of terror as at least three terrorist incidents have shaken the mountainous region since last month. Keeping in view the turmoil, a military operation had been on the cards, which might take place if things don’t improve. It was earlier reported that the GB government was reluctant to call in the army, but the administration, on the other hand, wanted the military to launch a crackdown on extremist elements in the area. In the first week of August, at least 14 schools were torched in Diamer district of Gilgit Baltistan. According to locals, local extremists who oppose female education were behind the incidents. As police launched a crackdown in the aftermath of the torching incident, the extremist attacked the police, killing

one personnel. The next day, a sessions judge who was going to attend the funeral prayers of the martyred official was attacked. Resultantly, his vehicle had badly damaged but he had escaped the incident. CHINESE ATTACKED IN BALOCHISTAN: In less than a month after two suicide bombings disturbed the already restive Balochistan during the electioneering, the proscribed Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA) claimed responsibility of a suicide attack on a bus carrying Chinese engineers in Dadar area of the province. Six people, including three Chinese, were injured in the suicide blast, said Quetta Commissioner Muhammad Hashim Ghilzai. According to Levies, “An explosives-laden vehicle exploded near the bus on Quetta-Taftan Highway – and as a result three Chinese engineers, two FC soldiers and the bus driver were wounded.” The injured FC soldiers were moved to Quetta for treatment, while Chinese engineers—though not critical— were evacuated to Karachi for better medical facilities. Security forces have started investigation into the incident. The BLA claimed responsibility for the attack and shared a photo of the “suicide bomber” identified as Rehan Baloch, son of militant commander Ustad Aslam Baloch, on the social media. Meanwhile, in a statement, the Chinese embassy in Pakistan condemned the suicide bombing. “The Embassy and Consulates General of China in Pakistan strongly condemn the violent attack in Balochistan, and express sincere sympathy to the injured from both countries,” the Chinese embassy said. “China has requested the relevant Pakistani departments to investigate the incident, bring the perpetrators to justice and take further effective measures to ensure the security of the Chinese institutions and citizens in Pakistan,” it added.

PPP nominates Murad for Sindh CM, Durrani for speaker KARACHI STAFF REPORT

The Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) on Saturday nominated Murad Ali Shah for the post of Sindh chief minister while Agha Siraj Durrani has been nominated for the post of Sindh Assembly speaker. Both Shah and Durrani occupied the same slots in the last stint of PPP in Sindh which concluded in May 2018. Shah had first taken up the top ministerial job in Sindh on July 29, 2016, when he was chosen as Qaim Ali Shah’s successor. PPP Chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari gave the go-ahead for the nominations in a meeting of the party’s parliamentary committee. He also nominated Rehana Leghari for the slot of deputy speaker in Sindh Assembly. A Sindh Assembly session has been

FORMER APML CHAIRMAN DR AMJAD ADMITS FINANCIAL EMBEZZLEMENT, SAYS NO HARM ‘IF ANY PARTY FELLOW HAS KEPT MONEY FROM ELECTION FUND’ ISLAMABAD MIAN ABRAR

In wake of the worst-ever defeat of party candidates in recently held General Election 2018 and subsequent allegations of misappropriation of funds allegedly by party’s women leaders, All Pakistan Muslim League (APML) Chairman Dr Amjad has resigned from the party’s office while the party’s central core committee has dissolved all central, provincial, divisional and district organisations, including all specialised and overseas wings, with immediate effect. According to a notification issued by APML chairman Dr Mohammad Amjad on July 28, 2018, the new set up would be raised in due course of time while all previously signed notifications have also been nullified until further orders. APML Secretary General Mehreen Malik Adam has also signed the notification, bringing the party to

summoned on August 13 at 10am, Acting Sindh governor Agha Siraj Durrani announced a day earlier. The PPP won majority seats in Sindh in the July 25 polls, enabling it to form the government in the province again. Meanwhile, opposition parties in Sindh Assembly have called a joint meeting on Monday, which will include representatives from the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI), the second biggest party in the province, Muttahida Qaumi Movement-Pakistan (MQM-P) and Grand Domestic Alliance (GDA). The meeting will mull over nominations for chief minister, PTI leader Khurram Sher Zaman said, adding that PTI will take all parties along in making decisions. Zaman further said that they will give tough time to PPP in Sindh and will resist the provincial government if it tries to repeat the worst 10-year governance.

NIshAT GrouP sTATeMeNT oN fAlse ANd MIsleAdING MedIA rePorTs LAHORE: A false, frivolous and malicious campaign has been initiated and pursued by certain vested quarters against the Nishat Group. The entire objective is to malign the name of the group which is one of the premiere business institutions of the country. In addition to the same, these vested quarters are now maligning the personal repute of Mian Mohammad Mansha, the main sponsor of the Nishat Group. In the past, they have unsuccessfully raked up, intermittently and without success, the issue of the privatisation of MCB Bank or the supply of uniforms to security agencies and/or have now laid challenge to the acquisition of St James Hotel & Club, UK. This exercise has failed earlier, particularly in relation to the hotel, before the Honourable Islamabad High Court, as a case instituted against the stated property, in which Mian Mohammad Mansha was one of the respondents, has already been dismissed by a learned division bench of the said court. Aggrieved by their unsuccessful attempts and frustrated with their failure to cause damage to the person of Mian Mohammad Mansha, they have now lodged a false and frivolous complaint with NAB. This ill motivated exercise will surely stand defeated. PRESS RELEASE

Imran to keep his Mianwali seat ISLAMABAD: Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Chairman Imran Khan has decided to retain his National Assembly seat of Mianwali out of the fice he won in 2018 elections. The announcement was made by PTI Spokesperson Fawad Chaudhry as the Election of Pakistan (ECP) ordered the lawmakers to vacate extra seats they won in July 25 polls. The PTI chief emerged victorious in five National Assembly constituencies, NA-35 Bannu, NA-53 Islamabad, NA-95 Mianwali, NA-131 Lahore and NA-243 Karachi, in the general elections. Speaking to the media in Islamabad, Fawad further said the opposition will be taken along to strengthen parliament. “All parliamentary leaders will be invited to the oath-taking ceremony including Shehbaz Sharif, Bilawal Bhutto Zardari and others,” he said, adding that the reservations of the opposition will be addressed and the PM will be answerable to the house. The PTI spokesperson also added that the prime minister will attend assembly sessions himself to answer questions and the expenditures of the PM House and provincial governor houses will also be cut down. Before concluding his address, Fawad said that the Punjab chief minister’s name will be decided within next 48 hours and the deputy speaker’s final decision will also be taken by tomorrow. STAFF REPORT

Musharraf’s party in disarray an apparent grinding halt. It merits mention that Dr Amjad had already sidelined APML founding chief General (r) Pervez Musharraf, who lives in self-exile in Dubai. Sources in the APML, however, claim that Dr Amjad has resigned from the party and he plans to join Pakistan Tehreek-eInsaf (PTI). In this regard, the sources claimed that Dr Amjad has held two meetings with PTI’s nominated finance minister Asad Umar recently. Dr Amjad also resigned as APML president on Friday. The move comes amid allegations of embezzlement of Rs2 billion by Dr Amjad and Mehreen Malik Adam, provided by General Musharraf to spend on the election of APML candidates. The allegation of money was levelled against the female APML leadership by Faisal Babri, an entrepreneur, in a chat group. “I heard Musharraf gave billions of rupees to his party’s women leadership for APML’s election campaign, and he was expecting at least one seat which APML won back in 2013 from Chitral. The party got 6,000 votes,” wrote Faisal Babri. Rehan Aslam responded to Babri’s comment saying that “top

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ladies are members of the group, and friends at least should throw a party to buddies out of those billions if they got any billions.” Interestingly, Mehreen Malik, during her rejoinder to Faisal Babri’s allegations, chose not to contradict the allegation levelled against her in the group. Fatima Sikandar Malhi, another key leader of APML, also did not contradict the allegations and wrote back, “Really Faisal? Sam Dada (another APML leader) have you received any billions? Mehreen Malik Adam, have you received any billions?” Sam Dada, however, refuted all allegations about her but she did not defend any of her colleagues. “Neither was I a part of any financial handling nor did I apply for any seat. I was never part of any election campaign.” The matter was also raised within the APML chat group. According to a debate within the APML Central Working Committee (CWC) chat group, Dr Amjad gave details of spending around Rs500 million. According to Dr Amjad, APML candidate Shazia Noureen from NA170 was given Rs5 million, Aurangzeb Khan from NA-31 was

given Rs2.5 million, Rs1.2 million was handed to an MPA, Farrukh Cheema was given Rs5 million and Taqi Haider was given Rs4 million. Moreover, Arif Utmanzai was handed down Rs4 million, Aneela was given Rs5 million, Ilyas Gujjar was given Rs9 million, Ashraf got Rs7.5 million while Faqeer Hussain Bukhari was given Rs6.5 million. Talking to Pakistan Today, Dr Amjad confirmed that he had resigned from the party due to failure of the party in recent elections. He admitted that the party had given some of the party’s funds to its candidates for election spending. When asked how much the party’s leaders had embezzled, Dr Amjad argued that if any party leader, who had worked for the party over years, had kept some money, there was no harm. He did not disclose how much was allocated for the party’s election spending saying it was a party secret and he would not reveal the actual figure. “Will you please ask Imran Khan and Shehbaz Sharif how much they have spent on the elections. APML is a very small party and you are doing so much research on us,” he argued.


CMYK Sunday, 12 August, 2018

NEWS

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RS35BN MONEY LAUNDERING SCAM

fIA TrACes four More fAke ACCouNTs

FEDERAL AGENCY TO SUBMIT FINAL REPORT TO APEX COURT TOMORROW

ISLAMABAD

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STAFF REPORT

HE Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) will submit its final report on the Rs35 billion money laundering scam in the Supreme Court on Monday. According to the FIA’s report, more than 10 political personalities are allegedly involved in fictitious transactions worth Rs 35 billion. According to the report, four more fake accounts have been traced through which more than Rs 9 billion were laundered.

Two of the primary accused are former president Asif Ali Zardari and his sister Faryal Talpur. Both were summoned on more than one occasion but they failed to appear before the investigation team. Earlier on August 6, a two-member bench of the apex court headed by Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Mian Saqib Nisar summoned Omni Group of Companies sponsor and former president Asif Zardari’s close aide Anwar Majeed and his family on August 13, in connection with a case relating to fake bank accounts. During the hearing of the money

laundering case, Farooq H Naik, the counsel of former president, Asif Zardari, and Faryal Talpur said FIA declared both his client absconder in the case, despite the court’s orders. CJP Nisar directed the department to provide complete information about the bank accounts’ owners. Earlier on August 4, Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) Co-Chairman Asif Zardari and Faryal Talpur failed to appear before Joint Investigation Team (JIT) of the FIA. Both were summoned to record their statement before the JIT. Notices were also issued to them by FIA. Zardari’s close aide Hussain Lawai

is also in FIA’s custody in the case. Asif Ali Zardari, Faryal Talpur, and their associates are accused of sending Rs35 billion abroad through fake accounts after which, their names were placed on Exit Control List (ECL) Previously on July 30, Talpur challenged FIA’s interim challan and submitted Rs2 million bail amount in the court. She adopted the stance that money laundering has not been mentioned in the FIR while her role is also not clearly stated in the challan. She has denied all the accusations levelled against her.

Imran nominates Imran Ismail for Sindh governor ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

The Pakistan Tehreek-eInsaf (PTI) on Saturday finalised the name of Imran Ismail as the Governor of Sindh after party chairman Imran Khan formally sanctioned his name. “After God, I am thankful to Imran Khan for being nominated the governor,” Ismail said following the announcement. “I have been given a massive responsibility. I will take all

the parties together and move forward.” Ismail said that the PTI and MQM-led opposition in Sindh will field their candidates for all the major positions, including the chief minister, speaker and deputy speaker. Currently, the post of Sindh governor lies vacant following resignation by Mohammad Zubair. Ismail, who is considered a close affiliate of Imran, had also won the

elections in Sindh Assembly constituency PS-111 Karachi. A day earlier, the PTI nominated Asad Qaiser as speaker of the National Assembly, and Chaudhry Mohammad Sarwar as governor of Punjab. Prior to that it named Mehmood Khan as the chief minister of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. However, the party is yet to nominate deputy speaker in the National Assembly and Punjab chief minister.

Cabinet division suggests letting new govt deal with rTs issue The Cabinet Division on Saturday recommended handing over the issue of Result Transmission System (RTS) malfunction in the general election to the new government as no investigation committee has been formed so far. The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) had sent a letter to the Cabinet Division, directing to constitute an inquiry committee comprising experts from the National Telecommunication and Information Technology Security Board (NTITSB) and Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA). According to the Terms of Reference (TORs) of inquiry, the committee will thoroughly analyse RTS, fix responsibility for its failure and also make recommendations for the future course of action. Earlier, an official of ECP while explaining the reasons for failure of RTS on July 25 said, “It is an international practice that systems ares tested before implementing them but due to the shortage of time, RTS could not be tested before the election.” He also said that it was the demand of parliamentarians to launch and practice RTS in Election 2018. Now ECP was analysing the reasons behind the failure of RTS and share the findings with the media. The official added: “For the first time an online system to share results from 85,000 polling stations around the country to the central headquarters in Election Commission of Pakistan was introduced.” The commission, he said, was investigating those complaints where results on a piece of plain paper were released instead of the ECP’sissued Form-45. NEWS DESK

Imran will be known by the ministers he keeps! ALL EYES WILL BE ON PM-IN WAITING AS HE CONSIDERS HIS TEAM OF CABINET MEMBERS TO HELP HIM ACHIEVE HIS DREAM OF A ‘NAYA PAKISTAN’ ISLAMABAD MIAN ABRAR & SHAH NAWAZ MOHAL

Federal capital these days is rife with rumours about the first cabinet of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) as various names are making rounds for different offices. However, the rumoured cabinet fails to reflect the vision and reforms agenda continuously touted by PTI Chairman Imran Khan and if the same cabinet takes oath within a week’s time, the claims and hopes for a vibrant Pakistan would crash even before the PTI flight takes off. As Imran Khan has been championing the cause of ‘right man for the right job’, the slogan should be the governing maxim for the PTI government and no compromise should be made over it. EX-CEO AS FINANCE MINISTER: Imran Khan has already announced his finance minister who happens to be Asad Umar, the former Engro CEO who has extensive experience in serving multinational companies. Asad is the promising child of late General Umar and is regarded as a brilliant mind and a dynamic manager. However, critics say that having an MBA degree with work experience in Exxon and Engro may not be the required qualification for taking over the tricky job of reviving a decades-old ailing economy. However, since Imran Khan has named Asad as the next finance minister, it would be wise to make a combo of economic wizards, carrying along Dr Ishrat Hussain as the advisor on economic affairs and Dr Shamshad Akhtar as State Bank governor. FOREIGN AFFAIRS: For the slot of foreign minister, two names are making rounds on social media and mainstream news channels – Shah Mehmood Qureshi and Khusro Bakhtiar. Unfortunately, none of the two have any expertise in dealing with the most important diplomatic job as both the gentlemen belong to the agrarian

and feudal class who are brought up to deal with affairs of people through religious authority and an iron fist. Belonging to Makhdoom family, the mindset of both politicians is oblivious of the intricacies involved in diplomacy, resolving tough situations through negotiation and winning the other side over. Since Pakistan has entered into a very critical phase where it faces enormous challenges on the diplomatic front, with US and India ganged up to bully the terror-ridden country, it has two options either to fall in the line or be ready to face the consequences. The US and India are openly warning Pakistan to roll back the CPEC or face consequences. In this backdrop, reforming the country’s foreign policy is a gigantic task which requires experienced and wise hands. Since PTI has no other choice for the slot, it might be a wise option to appoint Chaudhry Mohammad Sarwar as the foreign minister as the gentleman has personal clout, experience and friends abroad. HANDLING INTERIOR: Two names are being shared for the slot of interior minister, including Shah Mehmood Qureshi and Pervez Khattak. The latter, since taking over the job of KP CM, has proved himself as a good and effective administrator who has the guts to carry forward various political parties along despite the reservations. Since the minister for interior has to not only devise an effective counter-terrorism policy, he or she would have to interact with various security agencies of the country to evolve a robust internal security mechanism and response. The minister would also have to come up with an effective counter-narrative to defeat the terrorists. Hence, a very composed and wise counter-terrorism campaigner is required for the job. Both the gentlemen don’t fulfil the criteria for the post. Tasneem Noorani, a former bureau-

crat and interior secretary who has a strong reputation of a principled and effective officer, could be the answer. General (r) Ishfaq Nadeem whose name has been slated for the position of national security advisor can too bring in the experience and expertise required to resolve the pressing issues. Since Gen Nadeem also performed as DGMO and chief of general staff, he knows the internal security challenges and may be able to chalk out a plan to counter the threats to the security. Since both the former bureaucrats have not been elected to the parliament, whosoever is chosen might be given the post of advisor and later be appointed the minister for interior. DEFENCE FRONT: The only name being discussed for the post of defence minister is Dr Shireen Mazari. Although Mazari has no educational background in the defence studies, her short stint as DG of Institute of Strategic Studies provides a little ground for her to take over the job which is mainly aimed at dealing the civil-military affairs. Another possible choice for the job could be Brigadier (R) Samson Shroff as he had served in the army and the country’s top spy agency ISI. However, he has distanced himself from the PTI for a while. LAW AND ORDER: The PTI has ample choices for the slot of law minister including Dr Babar Awan, Advocate Hamid Khan, Naeem Bukhari, Ahmed Awais, among others. Dr Babar Awan surfaces as the main contender for the job. Although an experienced lawyer having presence in the legal fraternity and a wide experience in the political arena, Dr Babar’s stint as law minister under the PPP tenure was inundated with scams, scandals and govtbacked campaigns against the judiciary, including the payment of grants to different bar councils to win over lawyers’ support against the judges. Babar Awan, since joining the PTI, has been the go-to guy for Imran on all the legal issues, however, he surely doesn’t fit in with the vision of the PTI as law minister. Both Naeem Bukhari and Advocate Hamid Khan have a long association with the PTI and are the best contenders

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for the post. With extensive experience in the litigation and countless successful court battles under their belt, both Khan and Bukhari not only seem consistent with the PTI’s vision but have also proven their loyalty with the party. MQM-P Senator Dr Farogh Nasim’s name is also being paddled for this portfolio. PTI should keep in mind that the entire government’s litigation team – from attorney general to prosecutors – is to be handled by the law minister. INFORMATION MINISTRY: PTI Information Secretary Fawad Chaudhry’s name is being propagated for the slot of the information ministry. Fawad, who has been handling PTI’s media affairs, seems like an appropriate person for the job. In addition, the PTI MNA-elect also have some experience on his hands as he had served as a special assistant for information and political affairs during the government of the PPP. PUNJAB CM: The post of Punjab chief minister will prove to be the key if PTI is to succeed in its mission to conquer the largest province by population. Punjab is considered the fort of the Sharif family which the PTI has cracked open during the recent elections, however, it would be mandatory for the PTI to appoint a very strong and wise brain from central Punjab as CM Punjab who could frustrate the PML-N strategy, and bring in the institutional reforms as well as good governance. He or she should take along southern and northern parts of Punjab through massive development projects, effective policing and people-friendly institutions. This gigantic task is certainly not a child’s play and Imran Khan himself would have to monitor the performance. One needs to remember that despite all the military might former president General (r) Pervez Musharraf had at hand, the powerful Chaudhrys of Gujrat had failed to deliver because Pervaiz Elahi had totally relied upon the bureaucracy as he himself lacked required wisdom to reform governance in Punjab. Elahi’s failure to act against the corruption had also provided a breathing space for Sharifs who bounced back ever so strongly once

Musharraf’s grip weakened after the launch of the lawyer’s movement. Hence, Imran would have to introduce a dynamic politician as CM Punjab, preferably from Lahore as that the PTI could take effective measures to not only reform governance but also yield political influence in the heart of Punjab to further perpetuate its rule. In this regard, Mian Aslam Iqbal could prove to be a good choice as the gentleman has been elected to the Punjab Assembly every time since 2002, without a single election defeat. Since Iqbal comes from the powerful Arain clan, the political powerhouse of Lahore, he can prove to be a good choice for the slot. MINISTER FOR ENERGY: Shehryar Khan Afridi can prove to be the best choice for the slot. Afridi has experience of working as the managing director of Bauer Pakistan, a German energy company. AS MD, Afridi controlled functions of the company between Munich, Hannover and Abu Dhabi. Also, Afridi effectively headed the National Assembly’s Standing Committee on Petroleum & Natural Resources during the past five years. MINISTER FOR INDUSTRIES: Newly-elected MNA Ibrahim Khan who defeated former prime minister Yousaf Raza Gilani from Multan can prove to be the best choice for the post of Industries Minister. The lawmaker has done MBA in Industrial Management from California University, USA, and lived and worked there for 18 years. Hopefully, Ibrahim Khan would be able to help jumpstart the recovering sector, taking a cue from his experience in the US. MINISTER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS: Barrister Muhammad Ali Saif can prove to be an avid campaigner for human rights in Pakistan. Since Barrister Saif has done PhD in Freedom of Religion and Belief from Wales University, UK, he certainly has the credentials to make it to the ideal team of the Imranled PTI. However, as far as the distribution of ministries is concerned, the PTI also has to accommodate the MQM-P in the federal cabinet after the much-debated alliance.


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WEATHER UPDATES 0 SUNDAY

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Sindh allowS divorced, widowed hindu woMen to reMarry

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OR the first time in Pakistan's history, divorced or widowed Hindu women of Sindh have been allowed to remarry under a landmark amendment made by the provincial assembly, a report said. The Sindh Hindu Marriage Amendment Bill, 2018 not only accords the right of separation to both the spouses but also ensures the financial security of the wife and children, the report further said. But Hindus are in Pakistan have no rights their sisters, daughters and wives may be kidnapped by Muslim goons anytime and make their sexual exploitation. It was moved by Pakistan Muslim LeagueFunctional (PML-F) leader Nand Kumar and passed by the assembly in March. “Either party to Hindu marriage, whether solemnised before or after the commencement of this Act, may present a petition to the court praying for a decree of judicial separation,” according to the law. The law also places a general ban on underage marriages in the Hindu community. “The Hindu community had been protesting forced conversions and mar-

riages of underage girls. This law has banned the marriage of minors from the Hindu community,” said Nand Kumar. Kumar has also moved a bill against forced religious conversions. Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) Chairperson Bilawal Bhutto and other party leaders felicitated the last provincial assembly’s lawmakers on the passage of the act, which was approved by the governor last week. Before the passage of this law, there was no legal cover for Hindu marriages for the past seven decades. news Desk

Sunday, 12 August, 2018

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As the country's 71st Independence Day anniversary approaches; enthusiasm and zeal can be seen increasingly among the people belonging to every walk of life in Larkana city. Children are especially showing their vigour, zeal and traditional enthusiasm to celebrate August 14 and the selling of national flags and other items are in full swing at all main bazaars here. The items most prominently displayed at markets, roadsides and small neighbourhood shops are small paper flags, badges, paper caps, buntings and large flags. "Children, of course, are the most eager to buy these items," a shopkeeper of a bookstore at Bunder Road Larkana said. Apart from official arrangements to celebrate Independence Day, people of all age groups are making arrangements on their own by decorating their houses and streets, as well as, organising functions. The main bookstores in Larkana city show great national fervour among

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Preparations for I-D celebrations in full swing the people, who are busy in buying different items to express their enthusiasm for celebrating August 14. In commercial areas like Shahi Bazaar, Bunder Road, Pakistani Chowk, Jelus Bazaar, and Station Road, shopkeepers have set up special stalls for flags and other items. Booksellers and shopkeepers say stickers and hand-held stickers are in high demand this year. The bazaars are decorated with national flags whereas, stalls of colourful buntings, national flag buntings, portraits of Quaid-eAzam and other national heroes have been set up too. Badges, caps, balloons and shirts inscribed with "Jashan-eAzadi Mubarak" are stacked in large numbers at every market. "The sale will gain even more momentum before August 14," a shopkeeper said while adding, "The date reminds every one of the sacrifices ren-

PPP leader wants MQM-P to let go of separate province demand Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) leader Syed Nasir Hussain Shah on Saturday announced that his party chief Bilawal Bhutto Zardari has nominated Murad Ali Shah as Sindh’s new chief minister. Addressing media after a high-level party meeting, Shah announced that former CM Murad Ali Shah has again been nominated by PPP for the slot while Agha Siraj Durrani and Rehana Laghari have been nominated as Speaker and Deputy Speaker respectively. Nasir Shah added that PPP is open to talk to all parties for forming the government in the province including the newly formed Tehreek-e-Labbaik. When asked about taking Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) on board, he said that talks can be done with any party “but if they are to become a part of (PPP-led) coalition government, MQM will have to take back the “demand of Sindh’s division through the formation of 21 provinces as is present in their manifesto”. news Desk

Seven children die due to malnutrition in Mithi Mithi: As many as seven infants have lost their lives due to malnutrition in Mithi in the past two days and the number of deaths by food scarcity has reached 12 this month, according to the Mithi Civil Hospital. According to the health department, the victims include a 12-month-old baby girl and two minor boys. The overall death toll of children in Mithi has risen to 393 in the current year. Furthermore, over 70 children have also been admitted to six health facilities in the district. The people of the district have demanded that the Sindh government declare the region as drought-hit and provide emergency relief exercises to the residents of the area, who are migrating with their livestock to areas closer to barrages. Online

Six-year-old girl gang raped in Sukkur SuKKur: A six-year-old girl was gangraped in Sukhur, Sindh. According to the Sukkur Assistant Superintendent Police (ASP), the incident occurred in the surrounding area of Sukkur where two suspects attacked the child. The preliminary medical report suggests that the minor girl was subjected to sexual assault. Police have arrested the both accused and registered the case against them. Both the accused are less than 18 years old. Online

dered to carve out a separate homeland for Muslims of the sub-continent". "It is our moral obligation to remind our children of the importance of Independence Day. We should be grateful to Quaid-e-Azam who struggled for the rights of the Muslims of sub-continent and gave us Pakistan," said a high school teacher Muhammad Azam Soomro. Talking to APP, shopkeepers Wazir Ali Shaikh, Naeem Soomro, Muhammad Ibrahim Qureshi and Imdad Ali Shaikh said that people, especially children and the youth keep visiting from morning till late evening to buy the items required to celebrate the day. They said that overall, people of all ages visit the stalls and shops. People in their teens to middle ages buy national flags to hoist on their bicycles, motorcycles, cars, jeeps, offices and houses.

SHC allows ECP to notify PTI’s four winning candidates The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) has been allowed to issue victory notifications of four Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) candidates after the Sindh High Court set aside its earlier interim orders on Friday. The SHC had restrained the ECP from notifying the returned candidates — Faisal Vawda from NA-249 (Karachi West-II), Jameel Ahmed Khan from NA-237 (MalirII), Attaullah from NA-250 (Karachi West-III) and Malik Shahzad Awan from PS-116. A two-judge bench, headed by Justice Muhammad Ali Mazhar, while disposing of identical petitions filed by the losing candidates, asked them to approach the election tribunals, to be constituted under the Peoples Representation Act, 1976, for redressal of grievances related to elections. Meanwhile, the bench also directed that the proposed tribunals may first decide the applications for votes recount within 15 days of filing of the same by the petitioners and thereafter hear and decide the main cases involving election related grievances. The petitions were filed by PML-N President Shehbaz Sharif, PPP’s Abdul Hakeem Baloch, MQM-P’s Fayyaz Kaimkhani and PML-N’s Haji Sualeheen, who lost the July 25 elections on three national and one provincial assembly seats, respectively. They had moved the court seeking recount of the votes polled in the relevant constituencies and a direction for the ECP to refrain from issuing notification of the re-

turned candidates till then. Mr Sharif through his counsel Shaikh Jawaid Mir submitted that he had contested election from NA-249 and secured 34,626 votes whereas Mr Vawda of the PTI got 35,349 votes. He said that there was only a difference of 723 votes between the two candidates while 2,684 votes were rejected in the constituency. The lawyer submitted that an application for recounting was moved before the RO concerned, but it was dismissed through an order dated July 27. He contended that due to a close margin and keeping in view the rejected votes, it was the responsibility of the RO to carry out the exercise for recounting. He argued in the petition that Section 95(5) of the Elections Act says: “Before commencement of the consolidation proceedings, the retuning officer shall recount the ballot papers of one or more polling stations if a request or challenge in writing is made by a contesting candidate or his election agent and the margin of victory is less than five per cent of the total votes polled in the constituency or 10,000 votes, whichever is less, or the returning officer considers such request as not unreasonable.” He argued that an application was also filed before the ECP for recounting, but the director protocol of the ECP communicated to the petitioner on Aug 1 that the process of consolidation had been completed and therefore he might approach the appropriate forum through an election petition. news Desk

MQM's chief, leaders declared proclaimed offenders Karachi: The Anti-Terrorism Court (ATC) here has declared Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) leader’s Khalid Maqbool, Nasreen Jalil, Khushbakht Shujaat, and Haider Abbas Rizvi as proclaimed offenders in a provocative speeches case. Farooq Sattar, Amir Khan, Khawaja Azharul-Hassan appeared in court during the course of the case's hearing pertaining to facilitating the MQM founder's provocative speech on August 22 and attack on media houses on Saturday. However, similar to the previous hearing, the accused could not be indicted. One of the accused Faisal was not present in court during the hearing due to which he could not be issued a charge-sheet. The court remarked, “On every hearing, one or the other accused is absent due to which 2 years have passed and no one has been indicted”. The court warned that if any of the accused is found absent from further hearings then his or her arrest warrant will be issued while maintaining that the accused will be indicted on the next hearing. The court then adjourned the next hearing to September 8. Online


WORLD VIEW 05

Sunday, 12 August, 2018

Not much of a Nuclear deal

Will Iraq comply with US-imposed Iran sanctions?

Al-Monitor Omar al-Jaffal

Ever since the first round of US sanctions on Iran went into force on Aug 7, there has been no shortage of contradicting statements from Iraqi officials in local media outlets. Parties and militias have proclaimed their willingness to respect the sanctions at times; at other times, they have taken a condemning stance or expressed their dissatisfaction. This puzzling landscape reflects the Iraqi government’s confusion and inadequacy to take an independent and strong stand in a country that has long been the site of a power struggle between the United States and Iran. One day before the sanctions began, Iraqi President Fuad Masum said in an interview with Alhurra TV channel, “The situation in Iraq and the nature of our relations with Iran makes it difficult for Iraq to comply with the sanctions imposed by Washington on Tehran.” Masum proceeded to stress again how difficult it is to implement those sanctions in conflicting phrasing. Despite Masum’s confusing response, Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi seemed to have a more transparent stance on the sanctions when asked in his weekly press conference on Aug 8. “As a matter of principle we are against sanctions in the region,” he said, before recalling the harsh international sanctions enforced on Iraq in the early 1990s following the regime’s invasion of Kuwait. Abadi asserted that while Iraq “will abide by them to protect the interests of our people,” he stressed that Baghdad won’t “interact with [the sanctions] or support them.” Just hours before Abadi’s press conference, Kurdistan Regional Government Prime Minister Nechirvan Barzani said in his weekly press conference, “The region’s stance on the US sanctions against Iran will be along the lines of Iraq’s,” im-

plying that he is yet to receive any instructions about dealing with the sanctions. This contradicting rhetoric indicates that the sanctions in question have never been seriously discussed within the Iraqi government, and no instructions have been given about them. The fluctuating official Iraqi position has been met with an uproar from the political parties and armed Shiite militias close to Iran. Not only have they expressed their dissatisfaction over the sanctions, but they have also slammed the prime minister’s complying position. The question remains, however, how will Iraq deal with those sanctions? What actions are to be taken by the government? Is there a practical plan in the works detailing Iraq’s supposed compliance with the sanctions, and how would the country keep itself out of harm’s way considering that Iraq relies heavily on Iranian products and is currently engaged in electricity, gas and oil contracts with Tehran? It seems that Iraq has no answer to those questions, as Al-Monitor received no responses after contacting advisers and individuals with close ties to the prime minister. Apparently, everyone is avoiding speaking to the media in light of the heated outcry against the prime minister by the pro-Iran groups and militias over his statements on compliance. Saad al-Hadithi, an Iraqi government spokesman, tried to alleviate the enraged response by underplaying the impact those sanctions would have on Iraq in statements he made to alMasalah news agency. “The sanctions are limited to a specific issue that has something to do with banking transactions and money transfers,” he revealed. “The other matters are of no concern to Iraq. As such, the Iraqi government will abide by the part [of sanctions] regarding transactions and money transfers in US dollars with Iran. Other than that, Iraq won’t have any problems.” Nonetheless, things are pointing in the other direction, that Iraq will take the quickest and heaviest damage in the wake of the US sanctions on Iran in light of strong trade ties between Iraq and Iran that ex-

ceed $12 billion annually, not to mention the important economic partnerships between Iraq and Iran in the sectors of electricity, gas and oil, which might crumble if Iraq complies with the US sanctions. All of these trades, needless to say, involve banking transactions and money transfers, which Hadithi referred to in his statements. Still, Madhar Mohammad Saleh, an economic adviser to Abadi, revealed on Aug 9 that some diplomatic efforts have been made to spare Iraq fallout by the way of legal workarounds to maintain Iraq’s broad ties with Iran without running the risk of violating the sanctions, even though Saleh came short of detailing how that could be accomplished. However, past experiences show that Iraq might take alternative routes for money transfers without the use of the dollar currency, such as directly exchanging goods or moving Iranian goods to global markets through Iraqi corporations. In turn, Nabil Jafar, who teaches economics at the University of Basra, stressed, “Iraq has no choice but to comply with the rounds of US sanctions on Iran because it is directly connected to exporting oil, namely the primary export of Iraq,” adding, when “the second round of sanctions comes in November, Iraq might be denied exporting its oil if they took a stance against complying with the sanctions on Iran.” Jafar acknowledged that implementing those sanctions will have a toll on the Iraqi economy. “The Iranian gas import will stop, which means that some power stations will be out of commission, effectively complicating the electricity crisis,” Jafar said. However, he showed some optimism, adding, “The Iraqi industries might see a much-needed rise in order to make up for the shortage of imported goods from Iran.” In reality, Iraq is facing an impossible dilemma. Omar al-Jaffal is an Iraqi writer and poet. He is an editor of Bayt and Nathr, two intellectual magazines that are published in Iraq. He is also the chief editor of Al-Aalam alJadid, an electronic newspaper.

DELUSIONAL HOPES WERE BEHIND THE 2008 AGREEMENT WITH THE US tribunE, chAndigArh

t

mK BhadraKumar

HE 10th anniversary of the India-US nuclear deal calls for reflection. Distance lends enchantment to the view. The 10th anniversary is usually an occasion to celebrate. But, alas, no political party is in a celebratory mood, including the Congress, which negotiated the nuclear deal and extolled it as a historic event that would transform India’s energy security. The field is left to a clutch of ex-bureaucrats to go on a sentimental journey. Indeed, the nuclear deal is a delicate topic today causing red faces all around. The two tangible gains can be that India can claim to have greater access to nuclear fuel, and India doesn’t face the headwinds of USled technology denial regimes anymore. But India’s nuclear industry is in the doldrums and it underscores that access to nuclear fuel was never really the factor impeding nuclear power generation. The BP’s Energy Outlook projects India’s energy consumption to rise by 129% between 2015 and 2035, but energy mix will only very slowly evolve. Fossil fuels will still account for 86% of demand in 2035 (compared with global average of 78%). Suffice to say, our policymakers couldn’t care less about India’s free access to nuclear fuel. On the other hand, Pakistan and Israel have bigger stockpiles of nuclear weapons than India. Things don’t add up. No one today correlates nuclear deal with India’s energy security. Instead, there is much vacuous digression — thanks to the nuclear deal, India’s ‘international standing’ has improved, etc. The strain in locating the raison d’être of the deal is so exasperating that an apologist recently came up with a preposterous, ahistorical hypothesis bordering on the bizarre that the 2008 agreement was actually smart thinking to re-

verse three ‘strategic errors’ that Independent India made: acquiescing with the Partition; pursuit of the socialist path of development in the decades till 1990s; and, the timidity of successive leaderships in conducting nuclear tests. So, we are to believe that Independent India’s history really began only when the cat’s whiskers moved into the Indian establishment in the new millennium and began cleaning up the Aegean stables left desecrated by past mediocre political leaderships. In this theatre of the absurd, what is conveniently overlooked is the deleterious impact of the deal on India’s foreign policy. The short point is that the deal has served exactly the purpose for which Bush Jr proposed it — doing away with the technology control regimes that the US tenaciously erected through the Cold War era to punish India for its strategic autonomy and independent foreign policy. For, it had become apparent to the US by the beginning of the millennium that on the foundations of a mixed economy that Nehru and his successors built through the previous half century — often in the teeth of US opposition — India was poised for an economic leap. The allure of a growing Indian market already prompted the Clinton administration to rethink post-Cold War animosities toward India. Bush rapidly built on that perestroika. Thus, the archaic technology barriers needed to be dismantled quickly. (Ironically, the US conceived the Nuclear Suppliers Group only with India in its crosshairs.) The fair thing would have been for Washington to suo motu, in self-interest, jettison the relevant policies and legislation impeding US exports to India. But instead, it lured India into a strategic embrace that was projected to us as a ‘win-win’ framework — kindling false hopes that there will be full access to advanced nuclear technology and nuclear fuel cycle, that the US was working on a

long-term project to make India a world-class power, etc. But the dismal balance sheet today shows that India’s gains have been meagre, whereas, the strategic embrace that the deal embodies incrementally made India the US’ junior partner. Washington tenaciously worked on integrating India into its global strategy and, according to WikiLeaks disclosures, the cat’s whiskers in our own millennium establishment also did all they could to advance American interests in our corridors of power. The 2016 Logistics Agreement with the US is a glaring example of the balance sheet of this ‘defining partnership’. We have come a long way from where it all began in the summer of 2005 when Bush posed to us the startling proposition: ‘How about it?’ The two countries are today quarrelling over tariff barriers and counting pennies and dollars in bilateral trade. Meanwhile, India’s strategic autonomy began getting seriously eroded. The Hyde Act brazenly proclaimed that India had fallen in line with the US’ containment strategy against Iran. Through the past decade, US boosted its arms exports to India and today it dares to be prescriptive toward India-Russia strategic cooperation. Cliché of ‘interoperability’ of weapons barely cloaks an agenda of incrementally controlling Indian military doctrines and strategies. Pressure is mounting on India to fall in line with the US’ Cold War-style trade and technology barriers against Russia. On the other hand, India’s perceived ‘tilt’ toward the US complicates Sino-Indian ties. How far the ‘Wuhan spirit’ will survive under a determined US assault is to be seen. All in all, the 2008 deal has ended up as the platform for exporting American weaponry to India and to align Indian policies with the US’ regional and global strategies. It is a sad tale of delusional hopes that withered away within a decade. MK Bhadrakumar is a former ambassador of India.

Israel running campaign against Jeremy Corbyn

ElEctronic intifAdA asa Winstanley

An app operated as part of an Israeli government propaganda campaign issued a “mission” for social media users to make comments against Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn, accusing him of anti-Semitism. This is the latest evidence of an Israeli campaign of psychological warfare against the UK’s main opposition party. The Act.IL app on Sunday falsely accused Corbyn of comparing Israel to Nazi Germany in a 2010 meeting which had been resurfaced by The Times last week. The “mission” was documented in a Tweet by Michael Bueckert, a Canadian researcher who has been monitoring the app since last year. The reality is very different

from the app’s claims. As my colleague Adri Nieuwhof explains, Corbyn hosted a meeting titled “Never Again – For Anyone” with Hajo Meyer, a survivor of the Auschwitz concentration camp and an anti-Zionist who spoke out strongly for Palestinian rights. Meyer passed away in 2014. The Act.IL app asks users to comment on Facebook in response to a Huffington Post UK story about Corbyn’s alleged “anti-Israel remarks,” which it claims are “often a way to hide anti-Semitism.” The “mission” directs users to click “like” on a comment by Facebook user “Nancy Saada,” and write their own comments echoing her criticisms of Labour. “Nancy” has posted elsewhere on her Facebook profile a photo of herself in an Israeli army uniform posing on an armoured vehicle draped with an Israeli flag. As The Electronic Intifada reported earlier this year, the Act.IL app is a product of Israel’s strategic affairs ministry. That ministry directs Israel’s covert efforts to sabotage the Palestine solidarity movement around the world. Its top civil servant is a former army intelligence officer

and the ministry is staffed by veterans of various spy agencies whose names are classified. The Act.IL “mission” is another piece of evidence of the Israeli campaign of psychological warfare against Labour. It is part of a long-running influence operation by Israel and its lobby groups to smear Corbyn, a veteran Palestine solidarity activist, and to label the party he leads “institutionally anti-Semitic.” The operation also aims to push Labour, where there is strong support for Palestinian rights among the grassroots, in a more pro-Israel direction. A covert element of the effort revealed last year by the undercover Al Jazeera documentary The Lobby involved attempts by the Israeli embassy to set up a grassroots pro-Israel organisation for Labour youth. The campaign has found support among the declining Labour right, including many of the party’s lawmakers, some of them involved with pro-Israel groups. The Jewish Labour Movement, an anti-Palestinian group deeply linked to the Israeli government, has been at the forefront of the effort. The group is run by Ella Rose, a former Israeli em-

bassy officer. Rose has privately admitted that as JLM director, she maintained close links to Shai Masot, the Israeli embassy spy forced to leave the country last year after the Al Jazeera investigation exposed him plotting to “take down” a senior UK government minister. Masot was also spearheading the effort to manufacture a grassroots pro-Israel organisation within the party, a tactic known as astroturfing. Adam Langleben, the Jewish Labour Movement’s campaigns officer, issued his group’s latest demands on Corbyn on Monday. These included that Labour adopt “unamended” the controversial IHRA definition of anti-Semitism which would define it as anti-Semitic to accurately describe the Israeli state as a “racist endeavour.” The Israel lobby group is also demanding that Labour drop Chris Williamson – a leading leftist – as a lawmaker. Instead of shutting down these claims as the bad faith attacks that they clearly are, Corbyn has continued a strategy of concession after concession that has only fuelled the attacks. He has rolled back his position on important matters of

principle, like BDS – the boycott, divestment and sanctions movement for Palestinian rights. In a Guardian opinion piece on Friday, Corbyn offered “dialogue with community organisations, including the Jewish Labour Movement” to discuss their demand that the IHRA document be adopted in full, even as he acknowledged that some of its provisions have “been used by those wanting to restrict criticism of Israel that is not antiSemitic.” It is unclear what Corbyn hopes to achieve in “dialogue” with a group that has close ties to a hostile foreign power committed to manipulating his party from within. Not surprisingly, the JLM immediately dismissed Corbyn’s opinion piece as “another article bemoaning a situation.” In his list of demands, the JLM’s Langleben admits that any concession Corbyn makes will not be enough. “These measures would have been welcomed, and maybe even celebrated, two years ago,” he writes of his demands. But now Langleben claims that matters have “reached the point of no return.” “Decisive and significant actions, not words, are the only thing

that can bring us back from the brink,” Langleben states. He doesn’t say who must take this action, or what the action is. This is certainly open to the interpretation that the Jewish Labour Movement expects the party to take the action of ousting its leader. As for that “brink,” I warned in a widely shared Twitter thread last month that the Labour right and the Israel lobby may be planning a damaging split from the party. Since I made that prediction, there are more signs that this could be coming to pass. The most common response to my prediction on social media was to welcome their departure. But be warned: Mainstream media which have fuelled sensational and often baseless smears will falsely portray any combined exit of right-wing lawmakers and anti-Palestinian activists as an “exodus of Jews” from the Labour Party. And yes, columnists supporting them will probably even use the same hackneyed biblical allusion. Asa Winstanley is an investigative journalist and associate editor with The Electronic Intifada.


06 NEWS

Sunday, 12 August, 2018

ANP outshINed PtI IN IMPArtING educAtIoN to KIds: KP edu dePt LAHORE

t

ABDULLAH NIAZI

HE ANP-PPP coalition government in the KP province enrolled more than twice the number of children in primary and secondary schools during their five year government between 2008-13 compared to the number of children enrolled by the PTI-JI government between 2014-18. The revelations have come after the release of the KP primary and secondary education department’s annual census for the year 2017-18. According to the census, despite their tall claims of having prioritised education in their tenure, the PTI-led government has managed to enroll a total of 218,151 new students in primary and secondary schools. The ANP government, on the other hand, had much more success in enrolment, having gotten a total of 573,492 new students to school. The education department’s annual

reports, which record data such as enrollment, number of teachers and facilities, is released every year and the latest report has given us an apple-to-apple comparison of how the two successive governments have fared in the field of primary and secondary education. Some difference between the PTI and the ANP’s numbers can be accounted for because the PTI was only in government for four of the academic years for which the department has calculated the numbers. The report is published on October 31 every year, and the data for October enrollment in 2013 is treated as data for the previous year since new enrollment in government schools occurs in March/April. The PTI government came to power in Mid-June 2013. Meanwhile, the ANP was in power during the entirety of five academic years. However, there is still a significant gap between the two governments’ performances, with the ANP enrolling 355,341 more children than the PTI –

Akhtar Mengal undecided about which seat to retain While the Balochistan National Party-Mengal (BNP-M) has declared its support for the Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf (PTI) for formation of the government at the Centre, its leader Sardar Akhtar Jan Mengal — who has been elected to both the national and provincial assemblies — has yet to decide which seat to retain and which to vacate, according to a report in the local media on Saturday. After deliberations, the BNP-M and the PTI had signed a six-point memorandum of understanding two days ago under which the former will support Imran Khan for the slot of prime minister and PTI-nominated candidates for the posts of speaker and deputy speaker of the National Assembly. Mengal has pointed out in an interview with a private TV channel that the BNPM’s strength in the National Assembly will rise to four after the party is allotted a seat reserved for women. The party has won the National Assembly’s three general seats in the July 25 elections and its elected candidates include Akhtar Mengal who secured a NA seat from Khuzdar. Besides, he has also been elected to the Balochistan Assembly. The BNP-M chief said that a final decision on his parliamentary role would be made with consensus after consultation with the party’s senior leaders. “It has yet to be decided which floor I will join,” he said. Talking to journalists, Mengal said his party had entered into an alliance with the PTI “at the central level” after Imran Khan and other senior leaders of his party, who had recently visited Quetta for holding talks with the BNP-M, had assured it that their government (at the Centre) would fully implement the six-point agenda the BNP had presented during the negotiations. The only nationalist leader to win election from Balochistan has secured seats in national as well as provincial assembly. In reply to a question about his strategy in formation of the government in Balochistan, he said that as allies the BNP-N and the Muttahida Majlis-i-Amal would take a joint decision in a few days whether they would join the government or sit on the opposition benches. “The chief minister’s slot or joining government is not important for the BNP-M as it believes that the interests of Balochistan are more important than anything else,” Mengal said. Taking about running of a coalition government in the province, he said it would be a tough job. NEWS DESK

with the difference being more than the number of children the PTI enrolled in schools. The average rate at which children were enrolled every year is also telling, with the ANP’s annual enrollment average again being more than twice the average enrollment rate of the PTI. According to the report, the ANP enrolled 114, 698 students every year they were in power while the PTI enrolled 54,538 children for every year they were in government. “We are truly living in a post-fact, post-truth era where fake news dominate and shape public perception” said Dr Muhammad Saleem, a developmental economist based in KP. “Public opinion is being formed by fake news which translates to votes on voting day” he went on to add. “For example, in KP, public perception about ANP is that it is anti-education while PTI is pro-education. This is despite the fact ANP has made more universities in its tenure than the PTI. Same is the case in performance of ANP

vs PTI regarding improving primary & secondary education.” The news comes on the heels of other education related scandals that the PTI government has had to face in KP without much consequences. Back in October 2017, Pakistan Today had reported that irregularities in the PTI government’s higher education stats when they lied about the number of universities they had formed in their tenure – another aspect in which the ANP government outdid them in its tenure. In May 2018, Pakistan Today had again reported discrepancies between the PTI’s higher education stats and the HEC. This is also not the first time that the primary and secondary education department’s numbers have spelled trouble for the PTI in KP. The party had also been caught in a foot-in-mouth moment when in February 2017, Pakistan Today discovered that they had been spreading false stats on their social media handles which contradicted reports of the education department.

Incoming govt pledges to plant 10 billion trees ISLAMABAD AGENCIES

Pakistan’s newly-elected government, which is expected to be sworn in within days with cricket legend Imran Khan as prime minister, will plant billions of trees to tackle the effects of climate change. Malik Amin Aslam, who is tipped to become environment minister, said the 10 Billion Tree Tsunami program would see trees planted nationwide, including in the four provincial capitals. That follows a vast tree-planting project in recent years in Khyber Pakhtunkwa province by Khan’s Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) party. “PTI is a party with a green promise,” Aslam said, adding that the combination of environmental degradation and damage due to climate issues was costing 3-4 percent of Pakistan’s near-$300 billion economy annually. Aslam said the country was spending one billion rupees ($8.1 million) a day “on issues arising from environmental neglect”. “Climate change is only making it worse,” Aslam told attendees at a discussion on the environment and climate change at the Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI), a thinktank, in Islamabad on July 31. Aslam told the Thomson Reuters Foundation that Khan believed climate change was an enormous challenge that had to be tackled head on. And, Aslam added, Khan felt the PTI’s green promise was central to how the party views a sustainable future for Pakistan – with cleaner air, cleaner water and a country prepared to face up to and combat climate change. Khan’s party won 116 seats of the 272 seats in parliament in the July

25 poll, while the party of ousted and jailed premier Nawaz Sharif trailed in second with 64 seats. PROVINCIAL PROMISE: In 2013, Khan’s PTI won enough seats in Khyber Pukhtunkwa’s assembly to form the provincial government. It introduced a green-growth initiative to tackle deforestation, build more small-scale hydroelectric projects and overhaul national parks. The Billion Tree Tsunami project was part of that initiative. Aslam, the project’s architect, said it had changed the province’s landscape. He said Pakistan needs to do more. “Pakistan’s green cover is going down. Our cities have become concrete jungles and there is increasing air pollution. Our mode of development is wrong,” Aslam said. At the PTI’s launch of its ‘First 100 Days Agenda’, held a month before the July 25 ballot, Khan told the audience of party members and media that global warming “is a reality”. “We will be badly affected… We can counter it with trees. Growing trees is not a luxury – it is for our survival.” Khan lauded his provincial government’s tree-planting project, which he said had met its targets – 40 percent from planting trees, and the remainder from assisting the natural regeneration of existing forests. Pakistani climate expert Adil Najam, who is dean of Boston University’s Pardee School of Global Studies, said the PTI had made the environment – “especially planting trees” – its issue. “And (it has) demonstrated that you can get political mileage from environmental issues,” he said, describing that as a major step forward. “This also comes at a time when the public awareness of these

issues – especially water and climate concerns – are on the rise. So, there is certainly the potential of momentum.” He said the key test would be keeping the political focus on the policy, and ensuring action. NATIONAL DELIVERY: Experts say Pakistan is facing enormous environmental challenges. A survey conducted by the SDPI ahead of the 2018 poll found that respondents prioritized three key environmental issues: rising temperatures, water shortages and air pollution. Aslam said PTI’s experience in delivering on the green agenda for Khyber Pukhtunkwa province had put it in good stead to do so nationally. “We set out targets in clean energy, forests, clean water, and we met them,” he said, adding that the province’s tree-planting project had been the largest eco-investment in the country’s history, and had met its targets using just half the allocated budget. The PTI’s 100 Days Agenda document also stated it would establish a task force to draft green legislation and devise more projects. Kashmala Kakakhel, a climate finance expert who helped with the 100 Days Agenda document, said thinking on climate change needed to evolve from “piecemeal, project-based interventions to a guiding principle for Pakistan’s development agenda”. “We need to recognize it as an economic opportunity, with an immense potential for job creation,” she said. “This government plans to review (or develop new) targets for our renewable energy mix, for increasing our forest cover, for developing along a climate resilient pathway.” She pointed out that once targets were set nationally, specific interventions could be designed.

Gavaskar declines invitation for Imran Khan’s oath-taking Former captain of Indian cricket team Sunil Gavaskar will not be attending Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) chief Imran Khan’s oath-taking ceremony on August 18 as the prime minister, reported India Today. According to the paper, Gavaskar said that he spoke to Imran Khan and wished him luck before the latter takes over as the prime minister of Pakistan. Gavaskar attributed his inability to attend the ceremony to a test match in England on August 18, where he is due to be present. “As a cricketer, Imran Khan has visited India a number of times. He has interacted with Indians. He understands India, so I have a lot of expectations from him as far as India’s relations with Pakistan are concerned,” Gavaskar told India Today. Imran Khan has also invited other Indian cricketers including Kapil Dev and Navjot Singh Sidhu. Sidhu also accepted Khan’s invite. NEWS DESK

Imran assures religious freedom, welfare for non-Muslim Pakistanis ISLAMABAD: Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Chairman Imran Khan on Saturday said August 11 was a day to renew the pledge for welfare and well-being of non-Muslims living in Pakistan. In a message on the National Minorities Day, Imran Khan said the love of minorities for Pakistan was exemplary and beyond any doubt. He said from the creation of Pakistan till today, the non-Muslim Pakistanis had played an exemplary role in national life. Imran said Quaid-e-Azam laid down policy of Pakistan regarding minorities. He said that the PTI was determined to take steps for the welfare of minorities, adding, “We will keep our promise of complete religious freedom and equal opportunities for minorities to ensure their progress and development.” STAFF REPORT

ECP directs MPs to vacate additional seats before taking oath ISLAMABAD: The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) on Saturday ordered candidates who won from multiple national or provincial assembly seats during the recently held general elections to resign from all seats except the one they intend to retain. In accordance with Article 223 (3) of the Constitution, all candidates winning from multiple seats must tender their resignation in order to take oath for assembly membership, the ECP notification read. The chief election commissioner must be the recipient of the resignation. The resignation must also be delivered either in person or via an authorised representative to the ECP Secretariat in Islamabad or offices of provincial election commissioners, the notification added. First session of the National Assembly is scheduled to be called on August 13. All provinces will also hold their first sessions on August 13 while the first session for Punjab Assembly will be held on August 15. STAFF REPORT

Manzoor Pashteen barred from entering Capt Karnal Sher’s mausoleum NEWS DESK Pashtun Tahaffuz Movement (PTM) leader Manzoor Pashteen was barred from entering the mausoleum of Capt Karnal Sher Khan Shaheed on Saturday in Swabi district’s Karnal Sher Kallay. Capt Karnal Sher Khan, a martyred who died while fighting the Indians in the Kargil sector of disputed Kashmir region in 1999, was awarded the highest military honour — Nishan-e-Haider — for his bravery during the Kargil war.

Pashteen, who is in Swabi for PTM’s public meetings, visited the mausoleum of Captain Karnal Sher Khan along with his colleagues. However, Karnal Sher Khan’s elder brother Anwar Sher Khan locked the main gate and refused to allow Pashteen’s convoy in. In the video footage which is making rounds on social media, Khan can be heard saying, “I know you. I have visited your place [in Waziristan]. You haven’t come here to pay tribute to Karnal Sher’s grave.” “I have seen many videos on Face-

book. Enough is enough,” Khan tells Pashteen while referring to his speeches against the state institutions, particularly the army. Khan, while talking to media, said he refused to allow Pashteen and his colleagues to enter the mausoleum in a bid to “honour the armed forces”. He said his brother had hoisted the national flag 18,400 feet above sea level at Kargil and earned Nishan-e-Haider and respect of the nation. “I will never tolerate anyone discrediting the national flag and the armed forces,” added.

The organiser of PTM’s rally in Swabi Liaquat Yousafzai said the incident was one of the attempts being made by “some elements” for the past few days to destabilise the situation. Yousafzai, while talking to media, claimed that Khan was suffering from mental illnesses, even calling him a drug addict. In April, PTM rally organisers were alleged of stopping a young man from waving Pakistan’s national flag at a public meeting of the PTM in Swat. Pashteen had later clarified the issue, calling it a misunderstanding.


Sunday, 12 August, 2018

sc suMMoNs NAwAz, ex-GeNerAls BeG ANd durrANI IN AsGhAr KhAN cAse ISLAMABAD

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STAFF REPORT

HE Supreme Court on Saturday issued notices to former prime minister Nawaz Sharif, former Chief of Army Staff (COAS) General (r) Mirza Aslam Beg and former Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) director general Asad Durrani for recording their statements in the Asghar Khan case. Further, the attorney general and director general Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) have also been summoned by the apex court on August 15. A three-member bench headed by Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Mian Saqib Nisar will hear the case on Wednesday. On June 2, the top court issued notices to Nawaz and senior politician Javed Hashmi along with 19 other civilians named in the case. On June 9, In his reply submitted to the SC, Nawaz Sharif denied receiving Rs3.5 million from former ISI chief Lt Gen (r) Asad Durrani in the Asghar Khan case. In the fourpage reply submitted to the Supreme Court through his counsel, Nawaz

THREE-JUDGE BENCH HEADED BY CJP SAQIB NISAR WILL HEAR CASE ON WEDNESDAY

stated that he never received the money from Durrani or under his instructions from his representatives as a donation to spend on the general election campaign of 1990. Nawaz also denied receiving an amount in the sum of Rs3.5 million and Rs2.5 million from Younus Habib or under his instructions. THE CASE: On October 19, 2012,

the apex court had issued a 141-page verdict, ordering legal proceedings against Gen (r) Beg and Lt Gen (r) Durrani in a case filed 16 years ago by former air chief Air Marshal Asghar Khan. Khan, who passed away in January this year, was represented in the Supreme Court (SC) by renowned lawyer Salman Akram Raja. Khan had petitioned the

Supreme Court in 1996 alleging that the two senior army officers and the then-president Ghulam Ishaq Khan had doled out Rs140 million among several politicians ahead of the 1990 polls to ensure Benazir Bhutto’s defeat in the polls. The Islamic Jamhoori Ittihad (IJI), consisting of nine parties, including the Pakistan Muslim League, National Peoples Party and Jamaat-e-Islami, had won the 1990 elections, with Nawaz Sharif being elected prime minister. The alliance had been formed to oppose the Benazir Bhutto-led PPP. In 1996, Khan had written a letter to the then Supreme Court chief justice Nasim Hassan Shah naming Beg, Durrani and Younis Habib, the exHabib Bank Sindh chief and owner of Mehran Bank, about the unlawful disbursement of public money and its misuse for political purposes. The 2012 apex court judgment, authored by then chief justice Iftikhar Chaudhry, had directed the FIA to initiate a transparent investigation and subsequent trial if sufficient evidence is found against the former army officers. The investigation is yet to conclude.

dismissed constable among Faisalabad ‘fake encounter’ accused A dismissed constable was among the policemen involved in a fake encounter in Faisalabad that left two students dead earlier this week, confirmed police spokesperson Inspector Amir Waheed on Saturday. Speaking to a private media outlet, Inspector Waheed said that constable Faisal was present at the Ali Town checkpost with ASI Javaid. “We will definitely interrogate with the ASI over the presence of Constable Faisal at the site,” he said. On August 9, citizens of Faisalabad took to streets to protest against the murder of two youths who were shot dead in what police said was an “encounter”. A young man identified as Arsalan died on spot, while another, named Usman, succumbed to his wounds at the Allied Hospital later in the day. The two friends had gone out to have dinner and were shot dead by the police after they failed to stop on the police’s orders, the families of the deceased youth said. NEWS DESK

KARACHI: Volunteers hold an 80ft long national flag at Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s mausoleum in connection with Independence Day celebrations. ONLINE

NEWS

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JuI-F to celebrate I-day with fervour ISLAMABAD: Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam-Fazl (JUI-F) has announced to celebrate the 72nd Independence Day of Pakistan with national zeal and fervor. It also announced to hold protest demonstrations, wheel jam strike and to publish joint opposition’s white paper against alleged rigging in general election 2018. The announcement was made by JUI-F leaders including Maulana Abdul Ghafoor Haidri, Maulana Ameer Zaman and Zabid Ali while addressing a joint press conference in the Parliament Lodges on Saturday. Central leader JUI-F, Maulana Abdul Ghafoor Haidri said that JUI-F will mark August 14, with full national zeal and fervor. JUI-F chief Maulana Fazalur Rehman never forbid to celebrate the Independence Day of the country, he clarified. He said that suo-moto notice was taken in the country even a street vendour moved to streets for protest but it was matter of grave concern that entire general election were rigged but no suo moto notice was taken. The JUI-F leader said that during recent past, in the general elections, certain political leaders or parties have been alleged of being blue-eyed of institutions but it have been underground support and it was first time of open support to certain elements. Maulana Abdul Ghafoor Haidri further stated despite have reservations against the results of the last two general election, he had not launched any campaign to save the system but it is over now and rigging can’t be allowed/tolerated anymore. He said that 120 martyrs of Mastung tragedy belonged to his constituency therefore, he was not able to launch the election campaign and visit the houses of martyrs busy in mourning sudden and accidental death of their beloved family members. The JUI-F leader alleged that worst rigging during general election was witnessed in Balochistan where our polling agents were expelled out of polling stations at 04PM and were told that they would be informed about the results later. Abdul Ghafoor Haidri said that the opponents were backed by the establishment and out candidates who won the election were declared unsuccessful through a conspiracy. MMA could have formed government in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) with support of anyone if transparent elections were held, he claimed. He said that all national institutions should working living within their constitutional limits. Pakistan Army as defender of national frontiers were respectable for entire nation but its interference in political affairs was neither a good omen nor the nation will allow it, the JUI-F leader further stated. INP

‘Nawaz in no mood for reconciliation with military, judiciary’ NA to elect prime minister on 17th REPORT CLAIMS FORMER PM BELIEVES CONFRONTATION IS THE ONLY OPTION LEFT FOR HIM AFTER DISQUALIFICATION FROM PUBLIC OFFICE NEWS DESK Former prime minister Nawaz Sharif is not interested in mending fences with either the military establishment or the judiciary, according to a report in the local media. The report claimed that Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) President Shehbaz Sharif has also denied the possibility of an NRO (National Reconciliation Ordinance) -like deal but has not denied having been in “talks with power centres”. The report further claimed that Shehbaz, his son Hamza and leaders close to the former Punjab chief minister favoured relegating Nawaz Sharif

to the backstage in politics because they feel that “hostility with state institutions is not going to subside” as long as the former PM continues to call the shots. Meanwhile, members in the Nawaz camp see such reconciliatory moves by the Shehbaz group as an attempt to sideline the former PM. They feel that Shehbaz will not be able to manage the party the same way as Nawaz. A senior party leader, on the condition of anonymity, commented: “Reconciliatory efforts are aimed at giving Shehbaz political space to secure PML-N’s reins but this is costing the party dearly. The reconciliatory strategy will further deplete and deteriorate our vote bank, weakening the party.” The

report stated that the former PM insisted that confrontation was the only option left for him after he was disqualified in the Panamagate case. It said that Nawaz has nothing to lose politically at this point. According to the report, PML-N insiders said that the possibility of striking a “deal with the security establishment” was discussed during meetings between the two Sharifs at Adiala Jail. However, the report suggested that Nawaz made it clear that he was neither willing to tone down his rhetoric nor was he ready to go abroad for any reason whatsoever. Nawaz Sharif has the support of his daughter Maryam, son-in-law Safdar and ‘likeminded’ leaders like Khawaja Asif, Ahsan Iqbal, Ayaz Sadiq and former PM Shahid Khaqan Abbasi among others. Meanwhile, PML-N Chairman Raja Zafarul Haq, Rana Sanaullah, Khawaja Saad Rafique and others reportedly support Shehbaz’s “reconciliatory” posture, the report concluded.

ISLAMABAD: The unofficial schedule of National Assembly has been prepared, according to which newly elected members of the House will take oath on August 13 and speaker and deputy speaker would be elected on August 15. According to the proposed schedule, nomination papers for speaker and deputy speaker will be accepted till noon on August 14. Further, the deadline to submit the nomination papers of prime minister is 2pm on August 16 with prime-minister elect to take oath on August 18. On Friday, President Mamnoon Hussain approved a summary for NA session on August 13, sent to him by caretaker prime minister Nasirul Mulk. Moreover, the sessions for Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Sindh assemblies have also been scheduled for August 13, while that for Punjab will be held on August 15. STAFF REPORT

Ex-PM Abbasi, others evicted from Parliament Lodges ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

During the operation launched by Capital Development Authority (CDA) and Islamabad police on Saturday to vacate Parliament Lodges in possession of ex-occupants, former members of the National Assembly including ex-PM

Shahid Khaqan Abbasi, Muttahida Qaumi Movement-Pakistan (MQM-P) leader Farooq Sattar and others were evicted. Media reports said 119 ex-lawmakers were illegally dwelling in the government-owned facility, of which 30 have been evicted, according to a list issued by the authorities. The authority managed to free

up the lodges allotted to former prime minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi, former MQM-P convener Farooq Sattar, former federal minister Sheikh Aftab Ahmed, Qaumi Watan Party Chairman Aftab Ahmad Khan Sherpao as well as Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami Party chief Mahmood Khan Achakzai. Malik Asad Sikandar, Bilal

Virk, Raza Hayat Hiraj and Syed Ali Hasan Gilani’s governmental residences have also been evicted. However, Tallal Chaudhry and Abid Sher Ali — ex-lawmakers belonging to the PML-N who lost their seats in last month’s polls — have not yet vacated the lodges that were allotted to them when they were still members of

the parliament. All the former parliamentarians, who had not been re-elected in the recently held elections, were given a deadline of July 31 to vacate their lodges. The CDA had issued notices and requested the former members to vacate the facility several times but to no avail. It is also worth mentioning that

around 80 parliamentarians who have been re-elected will retain the same lodges. On Friday, the CDA’s Enforcement and Security Directorate, along with district administration and police, conducted an operation to free up the Parliament Lodges from former lawmakers but achieved little success as only 20 lodges were vacated.


08 COMMENT

Sunday, 12 August, 2018

Khan’s new Pakistan

Pak-US relations Irreparable damage?

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O after triggering a financial spat with the eU, a trade war with China, sanctioning Russia, killing the Iran deal and muscling a currency collapse in Turkey, Donald Trump has finally ‘put his muscle where his mouth is’ in his standoff with Pakistan. But there’s a reason that Democrats and senior Republicans alike are unhappy with cutting off military cooperation with Pakistan, particularly the prized IMeT (International Military education and Training) programme. The last time it was suspended was when President GW Bush invoked the Pressler Amendment in the ‘90s. And, as the Americans later realised, they lost out too because they ‘did not know a decade of Pakistani military leadership well’. Then there’s the timing of the move. In their latest desperate bid to wrap up the Afghan war, the Americans were relying heavily on Pakistan to ensure continuity of negotiations on the part of the Taliban. And, far more than the utilitarian aspect of being cut off from US tutelage, the Pakistani military will be hurt by the symbolic value of the move and its likely interpretation in the foreign press. Also, Washington must not forget that its crucial supply line into Afghanistan still runs through Pakistan. And for all the benefits its other friends in the region bring, they cannot replace Pakistan’s logistic value. But it’s not as if the Pakistanis were taken completely off guard by Trump’s bullying tactic. Just two days before the announcement the military signed a contract with the Russians to train Pakistani soldiers there. And this move will naturally push Pakistan closer to China as well. Since China and Russia are pretty good friends between themselves, and neither is going through its best relations with the US at the moment, this should give rise to a natural political as well as geographical alliance. So, at the end of the day, while Trump’s moves might to irreparable damage to Pak-US relations, they might also, however inadvertently, help push Pakistan into a beneficial regional grouping.

Poor ranking on the GII Unsurprising given the circumstances

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AkISTAn ranked 109 (113 in 2017) out of 126 countries in the Global Innovation Index (GII) 2018 owing largely to relentless political uncertainty that has persisted for 71 years, rampant corruption that weakens institutions and an environment that discourages new businesses to set up shop and existing ones to run easily. Parameters such as quality of institutions and market sophistication are key areas where the country is found to be significantly handicapped. Although a third democratic transition of power just took place both the previous tenures were anything but politically stable. In addition to that institutional independence was never a priority of those past governments who would appoint their own people to run crucial institutions in order to maintain maximum amount of control. An economically debilitating by product of this politicisation of institutions is a regulatory system fraught with outdated policies and red tapism. With the lion’s share of the budget being earmarked for defence and infrastructure development every year a negligible insufficient amount is left behind to be spent on education. The result is a pathetic ranking of 120 when it comes to education under the human capital and research head in the report. Much has been made by the previous government about infrastructure development and major investment in energy over their five years. But a ranking of 111 in the infrastructure section accurately reflects how effective some of those energy projects really are given the amount of capital spent versus hours of loadshedding this summer. Information and communication technology (ICT) infrastructure in particular gets a rating of 110 showing how far we still need to go in terms of availability of internet across the country. There are however some positives too like ranking 72 in knowledge and technology outputs with metrics such as spending on computer software and ICT exports contributing positively to the overall ranking. The incoming government has to address these decades long issues if they want to achieve their overall goal of better governance through which they aim to revive economic activity and increase investment in the country.

Dedicated to the legacy of the late Hameed Nizami

Arif Nizami Editor Aziz-ud-Din Ahmad

Umar Aziz

Asher John

Joint Editor

Executive Editor

Deputy Editor

Lahore – Ph: 042-36300938, 042-36375965

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Or, more of the same?

arif Nizami

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T has been more than two weeks since the general elections were held. Imran-led Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) emerged as the largest party in the Centre, also sweeping the polls in kP (khyber Pakhtunkhwa) and winning enough seats to be in a position to form a government in Punjab with the help of independents and allies. But the presumptive ruling party is yet to get its act together. A sense of indecision and procrastination pervades the party hierarchy. Thankfully after toying with many possible dates we are told now by the PTI spokesperson that the khan will finally take oath as prime minister on August 18. however, it is yet to be decided who would be the PTI’s nominee for the coveted post of chief minister of Punjab. Aleem khan, a property tycoon and the front-runner candidate for the top post has apparently lost out, owing to an ongoing probe in his business practices by nAB, the accountability watchdog. Apparently, the presumptive prime minister has finally decided to live in the ministers’ enclave in Islamabad after first deciding to make the sprawling Punjab house his official residence. notwithstanding the talk about austerity why doesn’t the khan simply move into the relatively modest purpose-built prime minister’s house? Perhaps relying too much on his newly acquired spiritual sense, he reckons that the building is jinxed? Another given is the former engro boss Asad Umar as the new finance minister. In the backdrop of a floundering economy it was the right move to immediately name a finance minister. Apart from some interviews in the media and addressing a seminar via Skype Umar is yet to come up with a comprehensive plan to fix the economy. he has spoken about urgently negotiating a $12 billion bailout package with the IMF (International Monetary Fund). he has also revealed a disturbing statistic about the state of the economy. According to him the current account deficit has burgeoned to $2 billion a month from $2 billion a year when the PML-n government took over five years ago. Asad Umar also believes that Pakistanis have stashed away $200 billion abroad and that he intends

to form a task force to bring the money back where it belongs. When general Musharraf ousted Sharif in 1999 in a coup de tat he was fed the same yarn by then Governor State Bank Mohammad Yakub. he was advised to shake up top Pakistani businessmen and force them to cough up the stolen money. That is what he did. Sarwar Road police station in Lahore became an abode of incarcerated businessmen, including the Saigols, the Sharifs and Iqbal Z Ahmed. Soon the usurper dictator realised that it was a wild goose chase. he not only released the businessmen but also co-opted them in his efforts to rebuild the economy. Soon it will also dawn upon Umar that the Pakistani economy is afflicted with serious structural problems that cannot be fixed by mere gimmickry. The other day he participated in a seminar in Islamabad where there was talk of adopting a trade and economy based foreign policy. Some at the conclave were of the view that the military was the main hurdle in such basic changes in our economic and foreign policy paradigms. Umar thought otherwise. he reckoned that the army could be easily co-opted taken on board before making such moves. The PTI is taking the reins of the state at an inopportune time. not only the economy is in a mess, Islamabad’s foreign policy options have also become extremely limited. hence it will take a herculean effort by the khan to build a new Pakistan from the ashes of the old. At the most he can do is to set the direction in the first 100 days of the PTI rule. Unfortunately, in the short run no quick fix solutions are in sight to revive the economy. There is nothing innovative about borrowing from the IMF (International Monetary Fund). Virtually every Pakistani government including the last PML-n government has done so, albeit with mixed results. The PTI chief throughout his last five years in the opposition had been tainting the PML-n government for doubling the national debt. he had promised the electorate to break the begging bowl. But ironically, he will have to beg more in order to pay debts accrued by the previous government. The Saudi backed Islamic Development Bank (IDB) has promised 4 billion dollars to the PTI government. Some other friends might also cough up to fill the large financial gap. Dealing with the IMF is going to be an uphill task. The biggest contributor to the international lending agency, the US has already thrown a spanner in the works by linking the IMF loan to repayment of CPeC loans to China. President Trump after drastically cutting off economic and

military assistance to Pakistan has decided to shut the traditional military training programmes for Pakistani military officers. All this does not auger well for the new government. Merely keeping its head above water would entail some tough economic decisions. These could include reduction in subsidies, downsizing in state owned enterprises with all the appended consequences and increased taxation affecting the common man. Ironically successive governments have postponed these difficult decisions. But now the chickens have finally come home to roost. It has fallen upon the PTI government to take the hardnosed difficult decisions it had so vociferously opposed while in the opposition. In the backdrop of recent events it is stating but the obvious that relations with the US are at an all time low. The kind of cooperation Washington wants from Islamabad to extricate itself from the Afghan quagmire is simply not possible for Islamabad. Pakistan is also stuck in between the incrementally escalating Sino US rivalry. But does Imran khan have the will or the capacity to persuade the military leadership to outgrow obsolete security and foreign policy paradigms? The Indian Prime Minister narendra Modi called the PTI chief in order to facilitate him. This was followed up with a visit from the Indian high Commissioner to Bani Gala. Good intentions to improve bilateral relations were expressed from both sides Obviously foreign policy dictated by economy and trade entails better relations with India. Open trade with our neighbours including new Delhi, Tehran, Beijing and kabul can transform the region and will immensely benefit Pakistan. The main stumbling block however remains the intractable kashmir issue. China in the past has advised Pakistan to establish trade and economic ties with India while still keeping kashmir on the negotiating table. But as long as new Delhi is allergic to even mention of the ‘k word’ in its interactions with Islamabad, the issue cannot be simply put on the back burner. nonetheless it is a test of the khan’s leadership how he is able to break the present impasse. If he goes for traditional solutions applied many times in the past, he is bound to fail. If he goes ahead with an agenda of real change he will meet resistance from a strong opposition and even from the ubiquitous establishment. his litmus test will be to bring them on board, provided he has the will. Arif Nizami is Editor, Pakistan Today. He can be contacted at arifn51@hotmail.com

Deteriorating ties with the US Why Trump’s decision to shut military training programmes for Pakistan is a bad move

Umair Jamal

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he Trump administration has decided to cut various military training programmes which the country has been offering to the Pakistani military officials for decades. The military training and educational programmes which have previously survived fraught bilateral relations between the two countries have reportedly been axed as part of Trump’s policy to take punitive measures against Pakistan for not changing its regional security policy which Washington believes is counterproductive to its own policy in Afghanistan and the broader region. The decision of cutting securityrelated training programmes have been widely criticised as a naïve and irrational move which would only further isolate the US’s position and influence over Pakistan. What the current administration in DC needs to understand is this: if the any country continues to use its influence over another without building any more avenues of influence, then the latter would get to a phase where it becomes more independent and offers Karachi – Ph: 021-35381208-9

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the space reserved for the former to some other country. Consequently, any such policy measure would only result in the US losing some of its influence over Pakistan when the latter starts looking elsewhere to fill the void. This is a terrible policy measure which the White house famously calls “Punish Pakistan” and expects to generate results for its own failed policies in the region. While Pakistan would like such educational programmes to continue in the US, the former will only learn more about the latter’s behaviour which it has always described as unreliable and defective. here is how the latest decision of the US is going to hurt Washington’s interests in the region rather than Pakistan. First, Washington has already cut its military aid for Pakistan which has not made much of a difference when it comes to forcing Pakistan’s hand. The decision of cutting military assistance or economic packages have never worked internationally when such decisions are aimed at forcing a state into making changes into their core national security interests. What such decisions do, on the other hand is that they offer lessons for the affected states when it comes to similar scenarios. here is what the leadership in Pakistan may have learned after the recent aid cuts and the latest decision to shut US’s educational institutes for Pakistani military officials: the recent aid cut was taken as a decision that not

Islamabad – Ph: 051-2204545

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only reinforced its longstanding position of working on its regional policy to safeguard its interests but also in a way have encouraged the country toward exploring more avenues to diversify its security relations in the region and beyond. The most recent decision of cutting educational programmes for the Pakistani security community is a decision which doesn’t make sense even in terms which can be called naive. One, states that go through a trajectory such as Pakistan and the US, always keep training programmes of this nature alive regardless of how bad their bilateral relationship may be. As a whole, such programmes are strategic in nature and offer insights into each other’s working patterns and institutional decision-making approaches. While the Pakistani security community does appreciate the learning and rigor which the US military institutions offer, the decision will only add towards isolating DC’s ability to build contacts with young officers which in a decade or so would have decision making powers. That’s a net ‘loss’ for the US which should not have been an action on the table as it equates to the White house only pushing Pakistan away. Second, the decision of shutting military educational in states for Pakistan is only going to create rifts in DC’s strategic community when it comes to the current White house’s reckless policy toward Pakistan. Its al-

Web: www.pakistantoday.com.pk

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ready clear that the States Department and other security institutions in the US have lobbied to keep such programmes alive even at times when both countries’ bilateral relations were hit by major phases of distrust and confusion. Such avenues of cooperation should not become a negotiation tactic as they are soft contracts in nature and continue beyond the state level squabbling. While Pakistan’s security community would want to continue having a working relationship with the US and such programmes are one way of keeping leverage on both sides, shutting Pakistan out would only undermine DC and reduce security cooperation with Pakistan. An official in the US’s policy community informed me that the decision was made more than a month ago and the latest group of the Pakistani officers couldn’t join the programmes due to this decision which was made public a few days ago. Pakistan has already signed an agreement with Russia to train its military officials and are also exploring options with China which show that Pakistan is not in a mood to plead on issues where bilateral gains are of the strategic nature. The White house needs to rectify this ill-advised assessment at the earliest! Umair Jamal is a graduate of the School of Government and International Affairs, Durham University. He is a research fellow with the Centre for Governance and Policy. He regularly writes for various media outlets. He can be contacted on Twitter: @UJAmaLs.

Email: editorial@pakistantoday.com.pk


COMMENT 09

Sunday, 12 August, 2018

Editor’s mail

Send your letters to: Letters to Editor, Pakistan Today, 4-Shaarey Fatima Jinnah, Lahore, Pakistan. E-mail: letters@pakistantoday.com.pk Letters should be addressed to Pakistan Today exclusively

State vs constitution debate

Imran Khan and Xi Jinping The New Asian Era Dr HUmaira SHaHiD

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hAn’S victory speech resonated with the hearts of millions of viewers. This was clearly a speech from the heart with just the right things said at just the right time. Of most interest was the concept of ‘governance with care’ - a reminder of some long forgotten ancient virtues that were the founding principles of the east. This idea of “governance with care” is a template based on the virtues of compassion, care and generosity and is a reminder of our Prophet’s (SAW) words. It resurrects Madina for us but also echoes Confucius’ teachings. Confucius stated that virtue should permeate over political and economic structures. Central to Confucius’ thinking is the concept of virtue, known as “Ren”. Ren, is a complex idea, very similar to what we call “rahma”, which could be translated as “genuine or transcendental care”. Perhaps the closest approach in terms of Western terminology would what heidegger called Sorge, which is often translated as ‘authentic care’. Since the emergence of the Chinese President Xi Jinping, a new governing ideal has also appeared what Jinping refers to as “socialism with Chinese characteristics”. In this new socialism Confucius has been reinstated. Since the West rejected or refused to understand heidegger’s Sorge it is likely that they will also fail to understand the revolutionary meaning of President Xi Jinping’s “Socialism with Chinese characteristics” but we should not fail to recognise its meaning. It represents a renewal in the world of domestic and international politics in which the heart places “ren” above reason. In contrast the West redefined ‘virtue as reason instead of compassion’, and argued that “rational action” leads to the greatest good. When they realised that reason was in fact amoral they rewrote history, and morality was reinvented along the lines of pragmatism where profit became the seal of moral superiority. Over 2,500 years ago Confucius wrote: “The profit of a nation is not to make profit, the profit

of a nation is balance (fair play)”. he reminded his people that a nation can only prosper, not when few profit, but when fair play allows the entire nation to grow. It means to recognise the value of community and the value of the individual and the balance between them. The individual and community cannot exist or grow without each other. In this balance or the lack of it rests the real great divergence between east and West. Since 4000 years until the conquest of Bengal in the late 18th century, the combined value of the economies of China and hindustan represented more than 50% of the GDP of the world. At that time Bengal alone was 12% of the world’s GDP of the world, compared to a mere 2% of Britain. China and hindustan prospered without colonising other countries. British colonisation based its fortune on ravaging the rest of the world, politics based on greed and theft, a rationale built on western structuralism. Today the West is declining by the measure of their own empirical data. And they are worried. By the year 2040, the combined GDP of China and the Subcontinent will be again more than 50% of the world’s GDP. The appeal to our wonderful Madinan history, is to reinstate “governance with Islamic characteristics”. To care for the poor cannot be translated as a mere patchwork project but represents a way of looking at the world. To reinstate Madina means to put the structures at the service of the people and not the people at the service of the structures. The economy of Madina is the practice (amal) of the people of Madina, this is known as muamalat. Muamalat is not a legal construct, but a living model that has a living history from the days of our Prophet (SAW). This model is essentially a trading model in which capital plays a subsidiary role to labour, and money on its own produces no interest. Muamalat is based upon a key institution: the market-place (open market), which is publicly owned (waqf) in the same way as mosques. The open (or public) market in Islam guarantees the free access of all people to trade. Without this open marketplace

trading cannot exist, instead it is replaced by distribution. This is an important distinction. Our Prophet (SAW), was a caravan trader. The caravan was a guild of traders. In the Muslim world, Guilds represented the main mode of production. Members shared means of production and liabilities. each member vouched for the other. This created a model of credit worthiness based on reputation, honour and good behaviour. not on capital collateral. The contract of trade finance of the caravans was known as qirad or mudharaba. This contract prohibited collateral (which Islamic banks refuse to accept today). Finance without collateral was the key factor of the spectacular trade expansion of Madina. Qirad is considered a turning point in trade history by modern economic historians like Braudel, and a finance innovation born in Islam. Caravanserai is a reserved zone in our public markets for the foreign traders. The caravanserais existed all along the Silk Route. They improved the life of all the local people by offering trading interaction with the world. Often caravanserais turned into cities. Between Pakistan and China and between our Madinan model and Confucius’ ideals, CPeC is our opportunity to revive the trading economy of Madina. Instead of looking to the West we should look to China. The new Silk Route is our way forward to bring prosperity to the world i.e. trading with Islamic characteristics. This is trading with the ‘ren’ of Confucius. Fair trading for all the people. The Prophet (SAW) said: “9/10 of the provision comes from trading”. erego: the prosperity of our nation is in trading. That is the CPeC and BRI with caravanserais. And finally, what is the welfare state of Madina? Madina produced the best welfare system in the history of the world: Zakat. Zakat is far superior to the Ponzi scheme of western social security systems based on future taxation. Zakat is real, it is factual and it is comprehensive. Zakat is not charity. It is not given, it is taken. It is not voluntary, it is obligatory. Zakat will cover all our needs. But we need real zakat: the zakat of all people, all businesses and all mines, including the zakat of oil and gas that our Gulf Arab brothers have conveniently forgotten. Then, under the direct, central authority and personal responsibility of the leader of the nation yet, independent from State bureaucracy- zakat must be dispersed immediately and directly to its beneficiaries as it is in our tradition. Zakat will not pay for hospitals, or bridges, or madrassas. Islamic tradition provides examples of other means within the civil society to cover those necessities. Zakat is for people and only for people. And zakat must be paid in real money, that is, gold dinar and silver dirham (but this only few can fully understand). That is the zakat of Madina. We loved the speech of Imran khan but we fear Imran’s hearty desires will be dragged down by the structuralism of the State machinery. And therefore we ask him emphatically: Imran, govern us with your heart! Govern us with virtue. Dr Humaira Shahid is a former MPA Punjab, a Political Analyst and a Social Entrepreneur. humawais@gmail.com

JInnAh stressed upon importance of constitution, on which foundations of modern democratic welfare state he visualised could be built. While we celebrate 71st Independence Day, few driven by greed and ambition, continue to defy Father of nation by indulging in this debate of saving State at cost of constitution. In this process, Pakistan suffered humiliation of surrender in 1971, got engulfed in scourge of terrorism because of visionless military junta led by Zia who got us involved in proxy war in Afghanistan. It is an established norm since medieval times that for any state to survive it alone must have monopoly over use of force, yet Zia allowed private militias to be formed and thenceforth our sovereignty stands compromised with hundreds of thousands killed. While addressing First Constituent Assembly upon being elected as its President, with Maulvi Tamizuddin as VP on 11 August 1947, Quaid stated that “The first(duty) is the very onerous and responsible task of framing our future constitution of Pakistan and the second of functioning as a full and complete Sovereign body as the Federal Legislature of Pakistan”. Unfortunately sequence of events that followed, witnessed adoption of Objectives Resolution on 12 March 1949, a year after Quaid’s death and when constitution was almost complete, dismissal of First Constituent Assembly on 24 October 1954. It was no coincidence that Ayub khan in uniform took over as Defence Minister on 25 October 1954 in Bogra cabinet, in contravention of MAJ’s declaration that armed forces had no such political role. This was followed by handpicked Constituent Assembly, excluding Maulvi Tamizuddin on May 28, 1955, which promulgated 1956 Constitution on 23 March 1956, giving parity to east and West Pakistan, depriving former of legitimate democratic majority, leading to dismemberment. MALIk TArIQ ALI Lahore

Only time will tell The recent discovery of impurities found in the heart-drug “Valsartan”, as well as its subsequent recalling by DRAP has been a disturbing headline for patients diagnosed with bloodpressure and heart diseases who had been prescribed with this drug. According to a 2017 WhO (World health Organisation) report, Pakistan is ranked as possessing some of the highest rates of cardiovascular diseases in the world. In light of this revelation, patients who have already been administered Valsartan have been advised to continue with their prescribed dosage but purchase medicines approved by DRAP and Drug Regulatory Unit of Punjab. This news is sending waves of anxiety given its discovery of carrying a carcinogenic impurity. Recalled by the european Medicines Agency (eMA) in July 2018, the composition of Valsartan has been found carrying n- nitrosodimethylamine (a carcinogen); hence it has been abruptly halted from distribution. One may ponder over the plight of patients who have no alternative means available with regard to this drug, as well as the long-term damage insinuated. It is of utmost importance that national drug administrations in Pakistan work closely with their global counterparts to shine light on such discoveries before stamping their approval for sales. Given the high levels of trust placed on them by the public, it is vital that this trust not be compromised. NUzAIr A VIrANI karachi

Bring back our jobs I would like to draw the attention of upcoming Federal Government on debacle of advertising agencies especially in Islamabad. Following two points have gutted the advertising industry: 1) Devolution of 17 Ministries to provinces has incapacitated the advertising agencies to flourish, and 2) Only a few agencies’ owners introduced unethical means to get business but the entire industry has to pay the price thus is in critical condition. Because of above said reasons and downfall of economic condition, a large number of experienced people have become jobless. As Imran khan, Prime Minister in waiting vowed that his government would resuscitate the business condition throughout Pakistan by taking pragmatic measures. In other words, he pledged to make new Pakistan. Therefore, a sincere effort needs to be made to get us out of this rut and revive advertising industry. FAzAL AbbAS Lahore

Long term focus OUR political leaders talk a lot about eradication of corruption and other social evils from the society, especially the VIP culture. however, none of our leaders has ever made serious efforts to abolish adhoc-ism. Due to this flaw in the system, every ruler ends up shelving ongoing development work by their predecessors and start everything again for political reasons or for personal gain. This leads to lack of stability and continuity in development work in the country and we keep going in circles. now, every leader is focused on projects that are quick to finish and can give them most political mileage in shortest possible time. All this happens at cost of proper long-term planning and sustainable development. Therefore, we have failed to build dams and strengthen our industrial base. The menace of adhoc-ism has led to unnecessary abandonment of good initiatives by governments. For example, Basha Dam project, local bodies system, and a few policies of economic and cultural reforms were victims of adhoc-ism while all ills mischievously smile on us. The new PM should distance himself from personal prejudices and political bombasts and focus of what is best for the people. rAJA SHAFAATULLAH Islamabad


10 FOREIGN NEWS

Sunday, 12 August, 2018

ERdOGan SayS US 'wROnG' TO ThREaTEn TURkEy ISTANBUL

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URKISH President Tayyip Erdogan on Saturday said it was wrong of the United States to try to bring Turkey into line with threats, a day after President Donald Trump doubled tariffs on Turkish metal imports as the row between the two NATO allies deepened. The two governments have been at odds over a wide range of topics from diverging interests in Syria, to Turkey's ambition to buy Russian defense systems, and the case of evangelical pastor Andrew Brunson, who is on trial in Turkey on terrorism charges. "You can never bring this nation in line with the language of threats," Erdogan told a crowd of supporters in the Turkish town of

Unye on the Black Sea coast. "I am once again calling on those in America: It is a pity that you choose a pastor over your strategic partner in NATO," he said. After almost 20 months in a Turkish jail, Brunson was moved to

Over 450 people hurt in Romania protest clashes BUCHAREST: More than 450 people were hurt and around 30 arrested during a huge anticorruption protest in Bucharest, Romanian police said on Saturday, a day after the rally. Police had used water cannons and tear gas to disperse the protesters as tens of thousands rallied to call on the leftwing government to resign. Many demonstrators needed treatment after inhaling pepper spray and tear gas, while others suffered blows, hospital sources said. Around 30 police were also injured, 11 of whom were taken to hospital. Police rejected criticism from the centre-right opposition that its officers had used excessive force, saying its response to violence by dozens of protesters had been "gradual and proportionate". Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz, whose country currently holds the EU rotating presidency, criticised the clashes, which also saw a cameraman for Austria's public broadcaster injured. "We strongly condemn the violent clashes in Bucharest where numerous demonstrators and journalists were injured. We expect full explanations," he said on Twitter. "Freedom of expression and, related to that, freedom of the press are basic freedoms of the EU, which we clearly recognise and which must be unconditionally protected." Local media said up to 80,000 people had taken to the streets, among them many Romanian expatriates who returned home to show their anger at the graft in one of the EU's most corruption-plagued member states. About a thousand officers in riot gear intervened to clear the crowds assembled in a central square outside the main government building after some protesters tried to break through the police cordon. agencies

Gaza protest toll rises to three GAZA CITY: A 40-year-old Palestinian hit by Israeli fire on the Gaza border died of his wounds on Saturday, taking the death toll from protests the previous day to three, the territory's health ministry said. He was among at least 131 Palestinians wounded by Israeli bullets during Friday's protests, even as an informal truce ending a deadly flare-up between Gaza's Islamist rulers Hamas and the Israeli army largely held. The health ministry identified the man as Ahmed Abu Lulu and said he was shot in a section of the border east of the southern city of Rafah, where the two other Palestinians were also killed. The ministry had earlier identified the other two as Ali al-Alul, 55, and volunteer medic Abdullah al-Qatati, 21. Funerals for the three dead Palestinians took place on Saturday, attended by thousands of people. Doctors and first responders were among the attendees, in a show of solidarity for Qatati. On Friday, a few thousand protesters had gathered at various locations along the border, setting tyres ablaze and throwing stones, but in smaller numbers than in previous weeks, AFP correspondents said. agencies

house arrest in July by a court. Since then Trump and his vice president Mike Pence have repeatedly called for his release while Ankara said the decision was up to the courts. Washington in response sanctioned two Turkish ministers and

Trump on Friday announced it was doubling the tariffs on steel and aluminum imports from Turkey, saying relations with Ankara were "not good at this time". The ailing Turkish lira, which had already lost one third of its value this year largely over worries about Erdogan's wider control of the economy, crashed further to a fresh record low, at one point losing 18 percent, its biggest fall since 2001. A meeting on Friday unveiling a new economic approach by Turkey's finance minister Berat Albayrak, Erdogan's son-in-law, did little to offer support for the freefalling lira as investors sought concrete steps such as an interest rate hike to restore confidence. Erdogan on Saturday repeated a call to Turks to help support the lira to win what he described was a "war of independence".

Iran gives most explicit rejection yet of US talks TEHRAN: Iran gave its most explicit rejection yet of talks with the United States on Saturday, and accused Washington of an "addiction to sanctions" over its latest spat with Turkey. The US reimposed harsh sanctions on Iran on Tuesday following its May withdrawal from a landmark 2015 nuclear agreement, dealing a heavy blow to the already troubled economy. US President Donald Trump has offered talks on a "more comprehensive deal" but Iran has baulked at negotiating under the pressure of sanctions and has instead leant on its increasingly close ties with fellow US sanctions targets Turkey and Russia. Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif was asked by the conservative Tasnim news agency whether there was any plan to meet with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo. "No, there will be no meeting," was the blunt response from Zarif. He said there were also no plans for a meeting with US officials on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly in New York next month, which both Iranian President Hassan Rouhani and Trump are due to attend. "On Trump's recent proposal (of talks), our official stance was announced by the president and by us. Americans are not honest and their addiction to sanctions does not allow

any negotiation to take place," Zarif told Tasnim. It was Iran's most explicit rejection of talks to date, after much speculation that economic pressure would force its leaders back to the table with Washington or at least to engage in backroom discussions in New York. Earlier on Saturday, Zarif waded into the mounting row between Turkey and the United States. "Trump's jubilation in inflicting economic hardship on its NATO ally Turkey is shameful," he wrote on Twitter. "The US has to rehabilitate its addiction to sanctions (and) bullying or entire world will unite -- beyond verbal condemnations -- to force it to," he warned. "We've stood with neighbours before, and will again now." Trump said Friday he was doubling steel and aluminium tariffs on Turkey as part of an ongoing row over the detention of American pastor Andrew Brunson and other issues. The tensions have fuelled a run on the Turkish lira, which dropped 16 percent to a record low on Friday, with Trump tweeting that the currency was sliding "rapidly downward against our very strong Dollar!" Iran too has suffered a major decline in its currency this year - in part due to US abandonment of the nuclear deal -- with the rial losing more than half its value

against the dollar since April. Ironically, the rial strengthened in the two days leading up to the reimposition of US sanctions on Tuesday, after the government announced new foreign exchange measures giving greater freedom to trade dollars at market rates. But there has since been a fresh decline of almost 13 percent, with the rial at 106,200 per dollar on Saturday, according to currency tracking website Bonbast -- approaching the record low of 119,000 that it reached on July 31. Analysts say this is due to uncertainty in the market, with currency traders still unsure of the new rules and struggling to access dollars from the central bank. Zarif met repeatedly with then US secretary of state John Kerry during the negotiation and implementation of the 2015 agreement -- but those relatively warm ties were abruptly ended when the Trump administration came to power. Rouhani said last week that Iran "always welcomed negotiations" but that Washington would first have to demonstrate it can be trusted. "If you're an enemy and you stab the other person with a knife and then you say you want negotiations, then the first thing you have to do is remove the knife," he said in an interview on state television. agencies

10 militants killed near Iraq border: Iran DUBAI: Iran’s Revolutionary Guards said on Saturday they had killed ten militants overnight in a security operation conducted in the northwest of the country near the border with Iraq, the official news agency IRNA reported. "A well-equipped terrorist group ... intending to infiltrate the country from the border area of Oshnavieh to foment insecurity and carry out acts of sabotage was ambushed and at least 10 terrorists were killed in a heavy clash," the Revolutionary Guards said in a statement carried by IRNA. There has been sporadic fighting with Iranian Kurdish militant groups based in Iraq as well as Islamic State fighters near Iran’s porous border with Iraq. In July, there were at least two clashes in the mountainous border area, in which at least 10 Guards and three militants were killed. In 2017, Islamic State militants carried out coordinated attacks at the parliament building in Tehran and the mausoleum of Iranian revolutionary leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini south of the capital, killing 18 people. agencies

Egypt security forces thwart church bombing: state television CAIRO: Egyptian security forces have thwarted a suicide bomb attack on a church just outside of Cairo, state television said on Saturday. A militant wearing a suicide vest was prevented from approaching a church in Qalyubiyah, a governorate north of Cairo, and detonated the vest about 250 metres from the church, killing himself but no one else, state news agency MENA reported. A spokesman for the health ministry said that a foreign object had exploded leading to the death of one person but no injuries, without elaborating on whether it was an attempted attack on the church. Islamist militants have claimed several attacks on Egypt's large Christian minority in recent years, including two deadly bombings on Palm Sunday in April 2017 and a blast at Cairo's largest Coptic cathedral in December 2016 that killed 28 people. The most recent attack came last December, when a gunman fired on worshippers at a Coptic Orthodox church in a Cairo suburb, killing 11 in an attack claimed by Islamic State. The country has fought an insurgency led by Islamic State in the Sinai Peninsula that has killed hundreds of soldiers and policemen since the Egyptian military overthrew President Mohamed Mursi of the Muslim Brotherhood in mid2013 - although no official death toll has been released to date. agencies

Iran slams US for 'bullying' Turkey TEHRAN: Iran's Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif waded into the mounting row between Turkey and the United States on Saturday, accusing Washington of an "addiction to sanctions and bullying". US President Donald Trump's "jubilation in inflicting economic hardship on its NATO ally Turkey is shameful," Zarif wrote on Twitter. "The US has to rehabilitate its addiction to sanctions (and) bullying or entire world will unite -- beyond verbal condemnations -- to force it to," he warned. "We’ve stood with neighbours before, and will again now." Trump said Friday he was doubling steel and aluminium tariffs on Turkey as part of an ongoing row over the detention of American pastor Andrew Brunson and other issues. The tensions have fuelled a run on the Turkish lira, which dropped 16 percent to a record low on Friday, with Trump tweeting that the currency was sliding "rapidly downward against our very strong Dollar!" Iran has also suffered a major decline in its currency this year, in part due to the reimposition of US sanctions after Trump abandoned a landmark 2015 nuclear deal, with the rial losing around half its value against the dollar since April. agencies

Iraq PM to visit Iran, Turkey as US sanctions bite BAGHDAD agencies

Iraq's Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi is to visit top trading partners Turkey and Iran next week, an official said Saturday, days after Washington slapped new sanctions on Tehran and piled economic pressure on Ankara. Abadi "will head to Turkey on Tuesday and Iran on Wednesday to discuss economic affairs with the two countries," the official said on condition of anonymity. Iraq is the second-largest importer of Iranian non-hydrocarbon products, buying some $6 billion (5 billion euros) worth of goods from its eastern neighbour in 2017. It also buys in Iranian-generated

electricity in efforts to deal with chronic power cuts that have been a key factor sparking mass protests in recent weeks. Abadi on Tuesday said Iraq would reluctantly comply with sanctions against Tehran which took effect the same day. It came after the administration of US President Donald Trump's , unilateral withdrawal from a landmark 2015 nuclear deal between Iran and world powers. "We don't support the sanctions because they are a strategic error, but we will comply with them," Abadi said. Baghdad is allied with Washington, a strategic partner in the war that saw Iraq declare "victory" over Islamic State jihadists in late 2017. But it also has strong ties to Tehran, a Shiite powerhouse that is heavily in-

volved in Iraq's political affairs. Abadi's visit to Ankara is also overshadowed by a bitter row between NATO allies Turkey and the US. Trump said Friday he was doubling steel and aluminium tariffs on Turkey

as part of an ongoing row over the detention of American pastor Andrew Brunson and other issues. The row has caused the Turkish lira to crash, dropping 16 percent against the dollar on Friday.


FOREIGN NEWS 11

Sunday, 12 August, 2018

Un EnvOy SayS yEmEn TaLkS TO fOcUS On TRanSITIOn, dISaRmamEnT DUBAI

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ALKS between Yemen's warring parties next month will focus on a transitional governance deal and disarmament, the UN special envoy to Yemen, Martin Griffiths, said in remarks published on Saturday. Griffiths is trying to negotiate an end to the three-year conflict that has killed more than 10,000 people and pushed Yemen to the verge of starvation. Air strikes by a Saudi-led coalition killed dozens of children traveling on a bus in the northern province of Saada on Thursday. UN chief Antonia Guterres has called for an independent investigation of the raid. Consultations are due to begin in Geneva on Sept. 6 on a framework for peace talks and confidence-building measures. "Primarily, we are trying to reach an agreement between the Yemeni government and (the Houthis') Ansarullah on the issues essential to ending the war and on a national unity government in

which everyone participates," Griffiths told the Arabic-language Saudi-owned Asharq Al-Awsat newspaper. "This will require a signed agreement that includes setting up a transitional political operation under a national unity government ... and putting in place security arrangements for the withdrawal of all armed groups in Yemen and disarming them." He said the consultations would lead to direct negotiations.

Light plane with 9 people aboard reported missing in Papua JAYAPURA agencies

A light commercial aircraft with nine people on board was reported missing Saturday in a mountainous region of Indonesia's easternmost province of Papua, with officials sending a search party toward a possible crash site. Dimonin Air's Swiss-made Pilatus PC-6 Porter plane was on an estimated 42minute flight from Tanah Merah in Boven Digul district to Oksibil, the district capital of Pegunungan Bintang, bordering Papua New Guinea. Local police chief Lt. Col. Michael Mumbunan said the plane with two pilots and seven passengers aboard lost contact after communicating with the control tower in Oksibil just before it was due to land Saturday afternoon. He said a search was underway, but it would take rescuers hours to arrive at a suspected crash site where villagers reported they heard loud sounds and an explosion. A list of crew and passengers showed that one of the passengers was a child. Airplanes are the only practical way of accessing many areas in the mountainous and jungle-clad easternmost provinces of Papua and West Papua. Indonesia, the world's largest archipelago nation, with more than 260 million people, has been plagued by transportation accidents on land, sea and air because of overcrowding on ferries, aging infrastructure and poorly enforced safety standards.

The coalition of Sunni Muslim Arab states backed by Western powers including the United States and Britain intervened in Yemen's civil war in 2015 against the Iranian-aligned Houthi movement to restore the internationally recognized government of President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi. Griffiths efforts have succeeded so far in averting a full assault by the military alliance on the Houthi-held main port city of Hodeidah in western Yemen,

but battles and attacks have continued in the impoverished Arab state where the Houthis control the most populated areas and the capital Sanaa. Previous UN-sponsored peace talks have failed to end the conflict, widely seen as a proxy war between Saudi Arabia and regional foe Shi'ite Muslim Iran. The last round of talks in 2016 ended with Hadi's government walking out after the Houthis rejected a UN proposal calling on the group to quit three main cities, including Sanaa, ahead of talks to form a government. Griffiths said discussions on a new government should also include representatives from the General People's Congress, once headed by slain former president Ali Abdullah Saleh, and the southern separatist movement, a powerful force that has provided many of the coalition-backed fighters against the Houthis. "The future of the South will not be discussed in these consultations, but will be part of the Yemeni dialogue in the transitional period," Griffiths said, adding that the United Nations supported a united Yemen.

Armed groups threaten Libya political transition: UN experts UNITED NATIONS: UN experts say "predatory behaviour" by armed groups in Libya is posing a direct threat to forming a national government and ending lawlessness that has fueled Islamic militancy, human trafficking and instability in the wider region. The experts also warned in the summary of a report to the UN Security Council obtained Friday by The Associated Press that "the use of violence to exert control over Libya's state institutions might result in a return of armed confrontations in Tripoli," the country's capital. They said the Libyan Investment Authority, National Oil Corporation and Central Bank of Libya "were targets of threats and attacks, impacting on the performance of Libya's oil and financial sectors." Libya slid into chaos after a 2011 NATO-backed uprising that toppled and killed ruler Moammar Gadhafi. It is now split between rival governments in the east and the west, each backed by an array of militias. In May, Fayez Serraj, prime minister of the UN-backed government in Tripoli, and Field Marshal Khalifa Hifter, commander of the self-styled Libyan National Army in the east, agreed on a roadmap aimed at restoring order in the country. It calls for parliamentary and presidential elections, scheduled for Dec. 10. But the panel of experts said "predatory behavior of armed groups

posed a direct threat to Libya's political transition." "Armed groups are responsible for targeted persecutions and serious human rights violations, which are deepening grievances among some categories of the population and ultimately threatening longterm peace and stability in Libya," the experts said. Human trafficking and migrant smuggling "are substantially benefiting armed groups," they said, fueling instability and undermining the country's economy. The experts said most armed groups involved are affiliated either with the Serraj government or Hifter's Libyan National Army. Libya has emerged as a major

transit point to Europe for people fleeing poverty and civil war elsewhere in Africa and human traffickers have exploited the chaos in the country. The experts said "criminal networks" organize convoys of migrants "and use sexual exploitation to generate significant revenues." They expressed concern at impunity for those systematically violating human rights. "The panel is particularly concerned that different armed groups attempt to gain legitimacy by ostensibly supporting efforts to combat irregular migration and thereby receiving technical and material assistance from foreign actors," the report said. agencies

Leaders of Germany, Spain pledge united front on migration BARCELONA: The leaders of Germany and Spain are bolstering a shared approach to immigration into the European Union amid growing populist opposition to taking in more asylumseekers. German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez, meeting Saturday at a country estate in Andalusia, advocated a "fair distribution" of migrants. They said they will promote their common vision at an EU summit next month in Austria. The two leaders had previously agreed to a deal in which Spain will take back migrants already registered there who try to enter Germany through Austria. That agreement took effect Saturday. Merkel has been seeking bilateral agreements with Spain, Greece and Italy to stop "secondary" migration to Germany, an issue that nearly took down her government. Negotiations with Greece and Italy are ongoing. agencies

India's kerala state on high alert after floods kill 34 KOCHI: More than half of the 14 districts in India's Kerala state have been put on high alert, officials said on Saturday, as the death toll from one of the worst floods in the southern state reached 34. Torrential rains and landslides during India's JuneSeptember monsoon season have ravaged farmlands and prompted massive evacuation efforts in Kerala state. Crops on 1,031 hectares (2547.66 acres) have been damaged and 31,000 people have been forced to take shelter in rescue camps, according to the Kerala State Disaster Management Authority's (KSDMA) control room in the state capital. A senior official there said eight districts had been put on varying levels of high alert. Another government official previously told Reuters that crop worth 3.42 billion rupees ($49.65 million), across 26,824 hectares had been destroyed by rains since their onset on May 29. P.H. Kurian, KSDMA's chief and a top state bureaucrat, said rains had eased. "There was no rain in the catchment areas of major reservoirs today," Kurian said. "However, we will continue our alert and preparedness till August 15." Federal home minister Rajnath Singh was expected to travel to the state on Sunday to take a stock of the relief and rescue operations, Kurian added. Kerala state authorities have taken the unprecedented step of opening the gates of 25 water reservoirs to prevent potentially disastrous breaches. The state, which has 44 rivers, witnessed its worst floods in 1924 following torrential rains. The weather department forecast heavy rains until August 15, India's Independence Day, also warning of flooding in low-lying coastal areas. Fishermen have been advised not to venture into the Arabian sea. Despite the rains, tens of hundreds of Hindus across the state gathered on the banks of rivers and roads to perform a ritual in honor of their ancestors. agencies

New US sanctions could pitch Russia relations to new low WASHINGTON agencies

Russia typically brushes off new US sanctions. Not this time. The Trump administration announcement of export restrictions in response to accusations Moscow used a nerve agent to poison a former Russian spy in Britain sent the ruble tumbling to a two-year low and drew a stern warning from its prime minister. While the initial sanctions may have a limited impact, a second batch expected within months could hit the Russian economy much harder and send already tense relations into a tailspin. If sanctions are expanded even further to target Russia's top state-controlled banks, freezing their dollar transactions — as proposed under legislation introduced in the Senate this month — it

would amount to a "declaration of economic war," Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev said Friday. So much for President Donald Trump's hopes for better relations with Moscow. On his watch, the US has imposed a slew of sanctions on Russia for human rights abuses, meddling in the US election and Russian military aggression in Ukraine and Syria. But for the most part, those measures have punished Russian officials and associates of President Vladimir Putin rather than targeting broad economic sectors. More biting restrictions have been imposed by the European Union, which conducts more trade and business with Russia than the US does. The sanctions announced by the Trump administration this past week could start to change that equation. The re-

strictions were triggered under US law on chemical weapons following a formal US determination that Russia used the Novichok nerve agent to poison former Russian spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter in the English city of Salisbury in March. The first tranche, due to take effect Aug. 22, will deny export licenses to Russia for the purchase of many items with national security implications. Existing sanctions already prohibit the export of most military and security-related items, but now the ban will be extended to goods such as gas turbine engines, electronics and calibration equipment that were previously allowed on a case-bycase basis. The State Department said it could potentially affect hundreds of millions of dollars in trade. "It's a significant step, but not an overwhelming one," said Daniel Fried, a

CMYK

veteran State Department official who served as chief US coordinator for sanctions policy until he retired last year. The penny could drop, though, in three months' time. Russia has 90 days to "provide assurances" that it will not use chemical weapons in the future and allow inspections. If Russia does not comply, Trump will be obligated to impose a second set of sanctions, applying restrictions on at least three from a menu of options: opposing multilateral bank assistance to Russia, broad restrictions on exports and imports, downgrading diplomatic relations, prohibiting air carrier landing rights and barring US banks from making loans to the Russian government. That could do significantly more economic harm and have a lasting, destabilizing effect on the currency and stock markets.

Senior Russian lawmaker Vyacheslav Nikonov said a second set of sanctions may be inevitable and predicted it would pitch relations to new low. The relationship is already routinely described as at its worst since the Cold War. "They are demanding that Russia (accepts) an obligation to refrain from any further use of chemical and bacteriological weapons, which amounts to our acknowledgement that we have used it. But we haven't," he said. Things could get even worse if the Defending American Security from Kremlin Aggression Act, which a bipartisan group of senators introduced Aug. 2, makes its way through Congress. It would target Russia's state-controlled banks and freeze their operations in dollars, which would deal a heavy blow to the Russian economy. agencies


12 BUSINESS

Sunday, 12 August, 2018

PIA’s RAsool CyAn In the eye of the stoRm ISLAMABAD

P

SHAH NAWAZ MOHAL

AKISTAN International Airlines (PIA) Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Musharraf Rasool Cyan is in the eye of multiple storms on different fronts. From PIA Union taking Cyan, to the Supreme Court (SC) raising questions on his appointment, from Chief Justice Saqib Nisar asking him to pay for 43 guests who enjoyed PIA’s new initiative Air Safari on its maiden, promotional flight, to national Accountancy Bureau (NAB) being tasked to look into his appointment, salary and perks. Musharraf Rasool Cyan boasts of an amazing career, both in and outside Pakistan. He started off as a bureaucrat belonging to the esteemed DMG services, then working all over the world in advising public sector governance, an academician and finally as PIA CEO, Cyan stayed away from controversies for most of his life. Even in the writ petition filed against him in the court, his appointment was questioned with no mention of personal corruption or mon-

etary benefit accruing to him. Sources privy to the recent developments in PIA confided in Pakistan Today that the main contention between CEO and the unions was control over postings and transfers. “The transfer, postings of air and ground crew of late has become an outlet to mint money.” On assuming charge as CEO and denying the unions has made them attack PIA high-ups in courts. Interestingly, despite various attempts, not the slightest proof of personal pecuniary benefit was found against Cyan. Also, during 11 months of his tenure, Cyan took threetrips in all where he stayed for two days in Saudi Arabia, one day in Dubai and one day in Singapore. Being the CEO, he gets eight tickets per annum for his family In a perennial nosedive, Cyan can rightly claim that under his skippership, PIA flight punctuality increased, technology was integrated, a new brand strategy was opted, customer experience was enhanced, fleet was modernised and plans were afoot to expand them from 32 to 44 and expansion of network to include new destinations.

However, what proved to be a final nail in the coffin was the Strategic Business Plan submitted by Cyan that disavowed privatisation and addressed the systemic weaknesses in PIAC by plotting a path to recovery through the implementation of initiatives focused on the long-term. What transpired in the shadows and uttered in the whispers was now out in the open. The of the new CEO collided with the old guard of deeply-entrenched unions who submitted an application with the Supreme Court and converted it into writ. The main allegations revolve around no prior experience in aviation; such as that Cyan is an MBBS Doctor and did his PhD in Economics from Georgia State University. It is also pertinent to mention here that four advertisements issued for CEO from 2013 till 2017, the experience in aviation was ‘preferred’ not ‘required’ and in 2016, where it was required, no candidate made it to the final selection. Several insiders claim that the sudden onslaught against him had its roots in Cyan discarding the option of privatising PIA, terming it a bad idea

SOURCES SAY THAT THE ‘BONE OF CONTENTION’ BETWEEN CEO AND UNIONS WAS CONTROL OVER TRANSFERS AND POSTINGS

keeping in view the current state of affairs. Musharraf Rasool, on the other hand, chalked out a plan for the revival and expansion of the airline by flying to strategic locations and acquiring new aircraft and is all set to present the plan to the new government. Dr Musharraf Rasool Cyan holds a PhD in Economics from Georgia State University and MSc in Development Management from University College London. He stood first in the nationwide competitive exam for civil service in 1990 and won gold medals for his performance in the Civil Service Academy. His doctoral studies in Economics focused on pricing, consumer behavior, taxation, investment in public assets, quantitative methods and analytical tools for efficiency and effectiveness. When contacted by Pakistan Today for comments, Musharraf Rasool said that he won't as the matter was sub-judice.

Tesla CEO Elon Musk accused in lawsuit of defrauding shareholders SAN FRANSISCO AGENCIES

Tesla Inc and its CEO Elon Musk were sued on Friday by an investor who said they defrauded shareholders in a scheme to manipulate the electric car company’s stock price, starting with Musk’s August 7 tweet that he might take Tesla private. In a proposed class-action com-

plaint filed with the federal court in San Francisco, Kalman Isaacs said the scheme was conducted in part to “completely decimate” short-sellers, eventually leading to an inquiry by the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). The class includes investors who bought Tesla shares as they were rising in the wake of Musk’s tweet. The share price later fell.

sPoRts goods’ exPoRts uP by 7.83PC ISLAMABAD APP

The exports of sports goods have witnessed an increase of 7.83 per cent during the fiscal year 2017-18 as against the corresponding period of last year, Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS) has reported. The country exported sports goods worth $332.516 million during JulyJune (2017-18) against the trade of $308.361 million during July-June (201617), showing a growth of 7.83 per cent, the PBS data revealed. Among the sports products, football exports increased by 9.38 per cent after going up from $152.565 million last year to $166.881 million during the fiscal year under review. The exports of gloves increased from $107.918 million to $111.740 million, showing a growth of 3.54 per cent while the exports of all other sports products went up from $47.878 million to $53.895 million, witnessing an increase of 12.57 per cent. Meanwhile, on year-on-year (YoY) basis, the exports of sports products during June 2018 increased by 3.89 per cent to $29.275 million as compared to the exports of $28.180 million during June 2017. On YoY basis, the exports of footballs decreased by 2.59 per cent while the exports of gloves and other sports products increased by 11.44 per cent and 8.78 per cent respectively. On month-on-month basis, the exports of sports products increased by 4.89 per cent in June when compared to the exports of $27.909 million in May 2018, the data revealed further. During the month under review, the exports of footballs decreased by 11.14 per cent while the exports of gloves and other sports products went up by 33.62 per cent and 11.85 per cent respectively. It is pertinent to mention here that the overall merchandise imports into the country during the fiscal year 2017-18 increased by 15.10 per cent by going up from $52.910 billion in FY 2016-17 to $60.898 billion. On the other hand, the exports from the country surged by 13.74 per cent from $20.422 billion to $23.228 billion.

Erdogan defiant as Turkey slides toward financial crisis Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is showing no signs of backing down in a standoff with the US that rattled markets. As investors worry about Turkey sliding toward a full-blown financial crisis, the big question now is how far the pain may spread. “I call out to those in the United States. It is a shame. You are trading a strategic NATO ally for a pastor,” Erdogan said Saturday during a rally in the Black Sea port of Ordu, referring to the US decision to sanction Turkey for its imprisonment of an American priest. “You cannot tame our people with threats.” A plunge in the lira on Friday sent tremors through global markets as tensions flared between the NATO allies. At one point, the currency fell as much as 17 percent against the dollar, fanning fears that the financial tumult could infect Europe and faraway emerging markets. The most immediate issue for Turkish policy makers is the financial system, which is exposed to interest- and exchange-rate shocks. Four people with knowledge of the matter said the banking regulator had scheduled calls with some banks on Saturday after asking them to study the potential impact. The regulator, known as BDDK in Turkish, said there was no meeting scheduled for Saturday and that the reviews were routine. “This is a textbook currency crisis that’s morphing into a debt and liquidity crisis due to policy mistakes," said Win Thin, a strategist at Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. in New York. “The way things are going, markets need to be prepared for a hard landing in the economy, corporate defaults on foreign currency debt, and possible bank failures.” US SANCTIONS: While the trigger for the stunning debacle was new US sanctions on Turkey, many investors say the $900 billion economy was already headed toward a cliff. Years of a growth-

at-all-costs policy bias have left its companies saddled with hundreds of billions of dollars in foreign debt, runaway inflation and one of the world’s largest current-account deficits. The knock-on was instant. With the turmoil in Turkey fueling contagion fears, investors shunned riskier assets and sought safety in developed nations’ bonds. Treasuries and bunds rallied. South Africa’s rand, the Argentine peso and global stocks fell. The euro sank as much as 1.2 percent to the weakest in a year against the US dollar amid concern about European exposure to Turkish banks. Interest rates are a “tool of exploitation,” Erdogan said in a second speech on Saturday in Rize. “We are aware that the issue is not the dollar, euro, gold ... These are the bullets, cannon balls, missiles of the war started against us.” Investors worry that Erdogan is standing in the way of interestrate hikes needed to stabilize the currency

and some are now saying that only extreme measures could bring Turkey back from the abyss. Previously taboo topics like an international bailout or the imposition of capital controls are now being discussed in Turkish and international financial circles. SIGNS OF ALARM: There were signs of alarm among Turkish citizens. Visits to three different bank branches in Istanbul on Friday indicated that requests for foreign-currency withdrawals had increased. It’s not unusual for branches not to have enough foreign exchange on hand for large withdrawals, and tellers at the branches said they were awaiting cash to be delivered from headquarters to meet demand. If they were intended to calm markets, speeches on Friday by President Erdogan and another by his son-in-law, the newly appointed economic czar, had the opposite effect. Erdogan was defiant about resisting what he calls a financial attack and re-

quested that citizens exchange their dollars and euros for liras instead. Berat Albayrak, the minister, gave a presentation largely devoid of figures or specifics. “Those who assume they can bring us to our knees through economic manipulations don’t know our nation at all,” Erdogan said in Gumushane near the Black Sea, where he was breaking ground for a new roadway. He said Turkey could achieve record economic growth in 2018, “despite all the attacks staged against our country through foreign exchange rates." ERDOGAN’S RIPOSTE: In the wake of the US doubling tariffs on Turkish steel and aluminum on Friday, Erdogan wrote a New York Times op-ed cataloging his grievances and threatening to walk away from their decades-old alliance. "Failure to reverse this trend of unilateralism and disrespect will require us to start looking for new friends and allies," he wrote. Ibrahim Kalin, Erdogan’s spokesman,

tweeted on Saturday that the US is “facing the risk of completely losing Turkey." The financial turmoil is showing signs of spilling over into the rest of the economy. Turkey’s private companies have borrowed heavily in foreign currencies and now sit on a pile of debt equivalent to about 40 percent of yearly economic output. Over the past year, several of the nation’s largest and most respected conglomerates have requested restructurings of billions of dollars in foreign debt, and more are sure to follow. “The key to any hope of Turkish stability is the ability for banks to roll over syndicated loans,” said Paul McNamara, a money manager at GAM UK in London. “So far, that’s been absolutely fine." Still, banking shares slid 6.4 percent on the Turkish stock exchange on Friday, bringing their decline this year to 37 percent. Investors are now betting that they’ll be hit by a toxic cocktail of slowing growth, rising bad loans and markedly higher interest rates. Investors now believe that Turkey’s central bank will have to flout Erdogan’s desires and announce a significant increase to its benchmark 17.75 percent benchmark rate just to stop the currency’s free-fall as it touches levels that had been unimaginable even a month ago. FALLING LIRA: “Seems like a complete crash, so they need to act now,” said Morten Lund, a strategist at Nordea Bank AB in Copenhagen. “The lira will keep falling if they don’t hike rates.” An aggressive rate hike by the central bank, on the order of 1,000 basis points, would be a “good start,” according to Paul Greer, a money manager at Fidelity International in London. On the US side, Trump tweeted his analysis of the situation after new tariffs on steel and aluminum were announced: "Our relations with Turkey are not good at this time!" BUSINESS DESK


Sunday, 12 August, 2018

$64m RemItted to PAkIstAn undeR tAx Amnesty sCheme ISLAMABAD

A

SHAHZAD PARACHA

S many as $64 million have been repatriated to Pakistan under the recently concluded tax amnesty scheme, it has been learnt. Sources told Pakistan Today that $32 million have been repatriated which, have been converted into rupees. Similarly $24 million have been repatriated and converted in bonds and $8 million taxes have been declared on foreign assets. Overall, 82,443 declarations have been filed in the fourth amnesty scheme of Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) government in which around $1.9 trillion have been declared in foreign and Rs1.47 trillion in domestic assets. In addition to this, the declarants have paid taxes of around Rs123 billion out of

which around Rs46 billion ($375.5 million) have been collected on foreign and Rs77 billion on domestic assets, sources added. It is pertinent to mention here that the PML-N government announced two taxamnesty schemes namely Foreign Assets (Declaration and Repatriation) Ordinance, 2018, for undisclosed foreign assets, and Voluntary Declaration of Domestic Assets Ordinance, 2018 for undisclosed income and domestic assets. The original closing date for filing declarations under the amnesty schemes was June 30, 2018, but it was extended till July 31, 2018, because of representations from trade bodies, professional associations and public due to short operational period after clearing legal and procedural challenges and problems faced by declarants in the payment of tax on foreign assets and

repatriation of liquid assets. The presidential ordinances dated June 30, 2018, amended the amnesty acts to extend the applicability date of the schemes and to include explanations on ambiguities such as exchange rate to be used for determining the rupee value of foreign assets. The amendment ordinances have also provided for revision of declarations. Sources said that initially there were few key impediments, ranging from confusion and doubts as to the legitimacy, which were hindering success of the schemes. Moreover, criticism by a few segments of the society and a fear of adhoc disclosure and doubts regarding future prosecution also added to the impediments. These fears impacted flows as by the June 20, only Rs5 billion were deposited under both the schemes whereas up to June 30, the

BUSINESS 13

FBR collected Rs90 billion. The caretaker government after clarity by the apex court on amnesty scheme gave impetus to the two components of the schemes by the third week of June. This response to the amnesty schemes has been unprecedented which also makes it one of the most successful schemes worldwide. Sources told Pakistan Today that Pakistan has now become a signatory to the OECD Multilateral Convention which allows the country to officially access information about offshore financial accounts of Pakistani residents from September 2018. Under a pilot project, the tax department has sent 380 notices out of 500 to those Pakistanis who have assets in UK, sources said, adding that the department has asked the sources of income, tax paid or not on property in addition to asking

about purchasing of property on someone other name. Seven regional offices of FBR are seeing all the matters and if someone will not reply than the tax department will initiate inquiry to confiscate the assets. Similarly, the department will send notices to 200 Pakistani owning assets in Dubai, officials added. It is worth mentioning here that Pakistan’s foreign reserves have been recorded at $10,349.7 million till August 3. The country needs $3 to 4 billion on a yearly basis to repay the existing loans.

WoRld bAnk’s InsuRAnCe ARm Issues guARAntee foR $66m loAn to sojItz CoRPoRAtIon

karachi: Caretaker Finance Minister Dr Shamshad Akhtar holds a meeting with the members of Pakistan Stock Exchange. STAFF PHOTO

SBP asks banks to enhance agri credit target to Rs1.250bn KARACHI STAFF REPORT

State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) Governor Tariq Bajwa has asked the chief executive officers (CEOs) of the banks to enhance the agri credit target up to Rs1.250 billion for the current fiscal year 2018-19 to bring qualitative shift in agri financing by adopting innovative techniques for provision of easy and swift credit to small farmers. Chairing the Agricultural Credit Advisory Committee (ACAC), the governor shared, “Agricultural credit is one of the top priorities of the government.” The annual meeting of the ACAC was held for the first time in Muzaffarabad, Azad Jammu & Kashmir, as part of the SBP’s continued efforts to enhance agri credit in underserved provinces and regions. He also reviewed the progress on agri credit targets of FY 2017-18. The governor appreciated the efforts of commercial banks, microfinance banks and microfinance institutions for nearly achieving the targets. The banks

disbursed Rs972.6 billion, which was over 97 per cent of the assigned target and 38 per cent higher than 2016-17. In terms of agri credit demand, the banks met 72 per cent of the total requirement compared to 57 per cent last year. The agri lending banks/institutions added 450,000 fresh borrowers during the year. In his keynote address, Bajwa highlighted that most of the banks met their assigned targets, however, banks including ZTBL, PPCBL, and some of the domestic private banks and Islamic banks fell short of achieving their targets. The province wise agri credit disbursement witnessed double-digit growth across all provinces and regions, however, banks struggled to achieve their assigned regional targets in the underserved provinces/regions. He urged that agri lending banks and institutions to double up their efforts and commitment to ensure achievement of agri credit target in the underserved provinces and regions. He also urged the federal and provincial governments, revenue de-

partments, farmers’ associations and other stakeholders to contribute in increasing crop productivity by adopting innovative farming techniques, providing modern cold storage and silos facilities, implementation of automated land revenue record and efficient irrigation systems to facilitate banks in their endeavor to adopt agri finance as a viable business. Bajwa also highlighted that besides providing an enabling regulatory environment, the SBP has been taking various developmental initiatives to boost agri financing at the grass root level. These included holding a number of awareness sessions all over the country and job fairs in collaboration with agricultural universities in the underserved provinces/regions. The governor emphasised that all banks should finalise the recruitment of the shortlisted candidates on a priority basis and to take maximum benefit from the upcoming job fairs being planned by SBP in collaboration with these universities. While assigning the agri credit target for FY 2018-19, it was shared that

the overall disbursement target of Rs1,250 billion has been assigned to banks which is 82 per cent of the total estimated credit requirement of Rs1,519 billion. The province and sector wise distribution of the target was adopted while considering the provincial agricultural credit requirements, banks’ overall lending capacity and their business expansion plans. It was highlighted that for the first time, Islamic banks and Islamic branches of commercial banks have been assigned disbursement target of Rs100 billion to help realise its potential. Furthermore, the overall target of outstanding borrowers has been enhanced Rs4.42 million with the addition of 700,000 new borrowers. The committee also deliberated on the new directions in agricultural financing by focusing on digitalisation of agricultural loan processes, value chain and warehouse receipt financing, high value added crops, and provision of farmer advisory services and real time crop monitoring through Geographic Information Systems (GIS).

French cows live to see another day under Trump's Iran sanctions Thousands of cows are stranded in the French countryside after President Donald Trump imposed new sanctions against Iran, Bloomberg reported. According to reports, the livestock now grazing in Normandy were supposed to be shipped to Tehran slaughterhouses starting in the next few months as part of an export project led by local farmers and an Iranian company. Instead, the plan was put on hold after banks declined to handle payment from Iran for the cattle. While the herds’ plight will have little impact on overall exports from Europe’s largest agricultural producer, it illustrates the far-reaching effects US sanctions against Iran will have on global trade. After an earlier set of measures were eased in 2016, Iran reemerged as a hot spot for growth. Trade with Europe surged to more than $10 billion. French exports doubled last year to 1.5 billion euros ($1.7 billion). The latest measures specifically ban trade of gold, metals and automobiles, but not livestock, while limits on Iranian access to dollars and additional sanctions

on financial institutions starting in November will affect all sectors. European companies including Peugeot parent PSA Group, rival carmakers Renault SA and Daimler AG, and oil producer Total SA have all announced a halt to their activities in Iran. SYMBOLIC COWS: “The cow market is symbolic,” French Senator Nathalie Goulet, who was an early backer of the project, said by phone. “In the long run, it could mean a loss of market share for Normandy and for France if Iranians get their supply somewhere else.” Under the plan, French farmers were to eventually ship up to 20,000 calves annually to Iran. AgenceFrance Presse first reported that the program was suspended earlier this week. Agrial, a French cooperative with activities in the US, has withdrawn, Goulet said, adding that Iran’s Seamorgh Co. was the customer. Seamorgh didn’t immediately return an email seeking comment while a spokesman for Agrial declined to comment.

French farmers and the Normandy region were hoping the exports would generate more deals with Iran, such as exporting cattle feed and processed meat, said Anne-Marie Denis, president of the local agriculture lobby FDSEA, who oversaw the shipping of a first installment of 310 cows last year. At the time, payments went through, the head of the Normandy development agency, Alexandre Wahl, said by phone. A French official said this week the country is seeking a US waiver so that companies that are not hit by the sanctions can keep doing business. Such initiatives, echoed at the European level, have failed to prevent firms from pulling out of the country. For many, the prospect of losing a footing in the far-bigger US market outweighs exchanges with Iran. For Goulet, a system is needed to save export projects like the cows. A social media suggestion to use bitcoin payments is mostly in jest, she said, but “the point is that a solution needs to be found via an alternative banking system.” BUSINESS DESK

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GUARANTEE ISSUED BY WB’S INSURANCE ARM WILL ASSIST CONSTRUCTION, DESIGN AND OPERATION OF HYUNDAI VEHICLE ASSEMBLY PLANT TO BE ESTABLISHED IN LAHORE The Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (Miga), the insurance arm of the World Bank (WB) group has issued a guarantee for a $66m commercial loan issued to Sojitz Corporation for a Hyundai-Nishat Motor vehicle assembly project. Japan’s Sojitz Corporation is investing $136.5 million for assembling Hyundai branded vehicles in Pakistan alongside its domestic partner Nishat Mills. The guarantee issued by WB’s insurance arm will assist the construction, design and operation of a vehicle assembly plant to be established in Lahore, reported Global Trade Review. The assembly plant is expected to produce three Hyundai-branded vehicles from 2020. It will have a yearly production capacity of 30,000 vehicles and will procure supplies of batteries, tyres and rubber parts from domestic vendors. CEO and executive vice-president Miga said, “This project will help strengthen Pakistan’s automotive industry, reducing vehicle shortages, improving safety standards, and increasing the choices consumers will have available to them.” The risks covered by Miga are transfer restriction, expropriation, war and civil disturbances – this time for 15 years. Nishat Mills Limited along with its consortium constituting of Nishat Group and Pakistan’s largest tractor manufacturer Millat Tractors Limited (MTL) with Sojitz corporation was entering the assembly, wholesale and retail business for Korean Hyundai brand vehicles in Pakistan, according to a stock market notification in June. “Sales will be carried out through distributor-owned dealers and franchise dealers, with the goal of reaching 6 percent market share by 2024,” read the notification. Pakistan’s automotive market has demonstrated an annual growth rate of over 10%. The country’s automotive market is forecast to expand further thanks to rising numbers of consumers. In March last year, it was reported Nishat Mills had decided to enter into a shareholder agreement with Sojitz Corporation of Japan (Sojitz) for an acquisition of a 40pc stake in the company’s wholly-owned subsidiary HNMPL. Sojitz was stated to be in an equity sharing agreement with HNMPL via an investment of Rs 40m. NEWS DESK


14 SPORTS

Sunday, 12 August, 2018

NAdAl StAyS oN tRACk WIth WIN oveR CIlIC ToronTo

R

agencieS

AFAEL Nadal recovered from a slow start, overcoming Marin Cilic 2-6, 6-4, 6-4 as the Spaniard's chase for a longsought ATP Masters title on hardcourt heated up on Friday. The world number one reached the semi-finals in Toronto and will next face Russian Karen Khachanov, who beat Robin Haase 6-3, 6-1. Nadal last won a title at this level on cement in 2013. "It was a very important match for me," Nadal said. "Being in semi-finals is great news at the start of the hard court season. "And winning three good matches in the first Master 1000, it's so important for me. "He played unstoppable in the first set. I resisted, I played with the right tactic. I tried to find my solutions - but it was so difficult." Stefanos Tsitsipas saved two match points to beat defending champion Alexander Zverev in their quarter-final contest 3-6, 7-6 (13/11), 6-4.

The Greek teenager, who turns 20 on Sunday's final day, defeated his third straight top 10 opponent at the tournament after knocking out Dominic Thiem in the second round and 13-time major winner Novak Djokovic in the third. Tsitsipas is the youngest player to post three top 10 wins at a single tourna-

ment since the 19-year-old Nadal at Monte Carlo in 2006. Tsitsipas will next face Wimbledon runner-up Kevin Anderson, who beat Grigor Dimitrov 6-2, 6-2. "I'm confused now, is this real?" 27th-ranked Tsitsipas said after completing his prestige hat-trick of upsets.

Nadal got caught on the back foot in the first set against Cilic, who took the opener on his fourth chance. Nadal struck back in the second with a concluding break to square the match before taking victory with a break in the final game on his third match point after more than two hours. Tsitsipas rallied from a set and 5-2 down to turn the tables on Zverev, who had been bidding for a fourth Masters 1000 title. Tsitsipas broke in the ninth game of the second on the way into a tiebreaker, where he calmly converted on his fifth set point after saving two match points for the second-seeded Zverev. Tsitsipas then salvaged four break points for 2-1 in the third, he traded breaks with the German and saved another trio of break points for a 5-4 lead. He completed the victory after nearly two and a half hours on Zverev's sixth double-fault. "This shows that with dedication and work, dreams do come true," Tsitsipas said. "I can see that it's real -- it's happening. "I don't know what happened (in the second set), I just broke him (for 4-5). All along I could feel the crowd support, I

Halep topples Garcia to reach Montreal semis MonTreaL agencieS

World number one Simona Halep punched her ticket to the semi-finals of the WTA Canada tournament for the fourth straight year, cruising past France's Caroline Garcia 7-5, 6-1 on Friday. The 26-year-old Halep battled through a difficult first set, then easily won the second in a rematch of last year's quarter-final contest with Garcia which was also won by the Romanian. "The first set was really tough," Halep said. "I just didn't give up at all in the first set. After I took it, I felt more confident.

"I felt that I'm moving better, I'm playing better, stronger. [Garcia] went a little bit down with energy after she lost that set." The top-seeded Halep hammered 19 winners and won 77 percent of points on her first serve in the 88-minute contest. Garcia started quickly but could not keep her unforced errors in check, finishing with a total of 31. She earned her only career win over Halep in five previous meetings in the 2017 WTA Beijing final. Halep moves on to the final four where she will face Aussie Ashleigh Barty, who ousted giantkiller Kiki Bertens of the Netherlands in straight sets 6-3, 6-1.

London Jonny Bairstow and Chris Woakes scored the first fifties of the match as England recovered to build a significant first-innings lead in the second Test against India at Lord's on Saturday after yet another top-order collapse. England were 230 for five in reply to India's meagre 107, a lead of 123 runs, at tea on the third day. Bairstow was 62 not out and recalled all-rounder Woakes 55 not out. Their unbroken sixth-wicket stand was so far worth 99 runs and all the more valuable for the fact that England had slumped to 89 for four on the stroke of lunch.

Play resumed with England, 10 up in a five-match series after their 31-run win at Edgbston last week, yet to bat. India, following Thursday's total washout, had batted under overcast skies and on a green-tinged pitch in an innings that lasted a mere 35.2 overs. James Anderson, England's alltime leading Test wicket-taker, took full advantage of the swingfriendly conditions with a return of five for 20. By contrast, Saturday's play started under sunny blue skies that promised to make life easier for the batsmen. But England's batting has often proved fallible recently.

Will perform our best against India in Asia Cup: Sarfraz Ahmed Lahore Staff RepoRt

Bairstow and Woakes put England on top against India in second Test agencieS

knew I was still in the match." - Anderson crushes DimitrovSouth African fourth seed and Wimbledon runner-up Kevin Anderson crushed fifth-seeded Grigor Dimitrov 62, 6-2 to reach a Masters semi-final for just the second time in Toronto on Friday. Anderson swept past the reigning ATP World Tour Finals champion in a rematch of their 2014 quarter-final duel in Canada when Dimitrov claimed one of his six wins against the South African. Anderson hadn't defeated the Bulgarian for six years but he was in command throughout on Friday to reach his second career Masters 1000 semi-final having also made the last-four on clay in Madrid in May. The big South African rolled into the semis in just 66 minutes, breaking four times while managing only a modest 11 aces. He will play either second seed and defending champion Alexander Zverev of Germany or Greek teenager Stefanos Tsitsipas, who stunned Novak Djokovic in the third round, for a place in Sunday's final. Dimitrov will now head for the Cincinnati Masters where he is the defending champion.

In 17 Tests since Joe Root became captain, England have been dismissed for under 300 in their first innings seven times. Ishant Sharma, whose Test-best seven for 44 against England sealed India's 95-run win in the corresponding Lord's Test four years ago -one of just two Indian victories in 17 previous Tests at 'the home of cricket' -- bowled the first over. But it was new-ball partner Mohammed Shami who struck first when, from around the wicket, he had Keaton Jennings, aiming across the line, lbw for 11. Five balls later Jennings's fellow left-handed opener Alastair Cook (21) was out as well, caught behind off a superb Sharma deliv-

ery from around the wicket that squared him up and seamed away before finding the outside edge. The exit of England's all-time leading Test run-scorer meant 20year-old debutant batsman Ollie Pope walked out with the hosts in trouble at 32 for two off 8.2 overs. It took the Surrey right-hander just two balls to score his first Test runs when he flicked a Sharma inswinger behind square-leg for four. But a promising innings of 28 ended when Pope was lbw to allrounder Hardik Pandya. And to what became the last ball before lunch, Root was lbw for 19 to a off-cutter that kept low, with Bairstow then unbeaten on four. Jos Buttler (24) got in and got out before he too fell lbw aiming across the line as Shami took a third wicket this innings. But Bairstow, as he's often done before, held firm while attacking the loose ball. India had recalled left-arm wrist-spinner Kuldeep Yadav, who tormented England during the preceding one-day series, for just his third Test after dropping paceman Umesh Yadav, who bowled well at Edgbaston. But Kuldeep rarely troubled Bairstow, who cover-drove him for four to complete a 76-ball fifty featuring seven boundaries. Bairstow received sound support from the correct Woakes, selected after fellow all-rounder Ben Stokes was omitted because of clash with his ongoing trial for affray. Woakes, whose two for 19 on Friday included the prize scalp of India captain Virat Kohli, followed Bairstow to the landmark in 71 balls with his seventh four.

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Pakistan cricket team captain Sarfraz Ahmed on Saturday vowed that the national team will perform well against India in the Asia Cup. “We will perform our best against India in Asia Cup,” Sarfraz said while speaking to the media during an Independence Day event in Karachi. “We will go wellprepared to play against India,” he added. Further, the wicket-keeper batsman said, “It will be our first match against India after the Champion’s Trophy final.” The upcoming Asia Cup encounter between Pakistan and India on September 19 is likely to be rescheduled after the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) demanded a change in the fixture dates. As per the present schedule, India will play back-to-back matches on September 18 and 19, with the game against Pakistan taking place at the Dubai International Stadium on September 19. The 14th edition of Asia Cup was already marred with controversy after the tournament was moved from India to the United Arab Emirates on Pakistan's request. The Asia Cup will take place in Dubai and Abu Dhabi from September 15 to 28, with Sri Lanka taking on Bangladesh in the opening match.

Rossi misses top10 time on drying Austrian track Vienna agencieS

Valentino Rossi could not force himself into the top 10 in the final free practice for the Austrian MotoGp on Saturday morning and must line up in the afternoon's first qualifying session. After an early shower the track was wet in places until the end of the third practice session and none of the riders could improve on the times they set on Friday morning, before the rain. Italian Rossi (Yamaha) remained 11th with only the ten fastest in free practice receiving a direct pass to Q2. Another Italian, Andrea Dovizioso (Ducati) remained the fastest with a lap of 1min 23.83sec with Rossi, who is second to Spaniard Marc Marquez (Honda) in the championship, more than a second back. If the weather stays changeable, riding in Q1 could provide an opportunity for Rossi in the battle for grid places. In the tricky conditions, Marquez did not come close to his Friday morning time, but struck a psychological blow with a time 1.784 seconds faster than the next best rider Briton Bradley Smith (KTM) and 2.512 quicker than Dovizioso in seventh. Combined free practice times after three sessions: 1. Andrea Dovizioso (ITA/Ducati) 1:23.830, 2. Jorge Lorenzo (ESP/Ducati) at 0.215, 3. Danilo Petrucci (ITA/Ducati Pramac) 0.490, 4. Marc Marquez (ESP/Honda) 0.581. 5. Andrea Iannone (ITA/Suzuki) 0.606, 6. Dani Pedrosa (ESP/Honda) 0.644, 7. Cal Crutchlow (GBR/LCR Honda) 0.661, 8. Tito Rabat (ESP/Ducati Avintia) 0.846, 9. Johann Zarco (FRA/Yamaha Tech3) 0.937, 10. Maverick Vinales (ESP/Yamaha) 1.005 Selected: 11. Valentino Rossi (ITA/Yamaha) 1.054.


Sunday, 12 August, 2018

PogbA CAPtAINS MAN Utd foR PReMIeR leAgUe oPeNeR London

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agencieS

OSE Mourinho hailed captain Paul Pogba's willingness to put his body on the line to lead Manchester United to a winning start in the Premier League with a 2-1 victory over Leicester City on Friday. Less than a month since Pogba scored in the World Cup final to help France lift the trophy, he was thrown straight into action by Mourinho despite just returning to pre-season training this week. Pogba's third-minute spot-kick settled the hosts' nerves as United allayed some of the doom and gloom predicted by Mourinho after failing to land a series of targets before Thursday's transfer deadline. Luke Shaw sealed the points seven minutes from time before Jamie Vardy headed home a consolation for the visitors. After a week in which Pogba has been linked with a move away from

Old Trafford, with Barcelona's interest piqued by the Frenchman's frosty relationship with Mourinho after he was repeatedly dropped last season, the Portuguese showed his faith in the midfielder by surprisingly handing him the armband. "Pogba was a monster," said Mourinho. "We thought maximum (he could play) 60 minutes, but he

managed 80." On top of his transfer troubles, Mourinho had a host of injuries and players lacking match sharpness after the World Cup to contend with. "Paul was fantastic, his contribution was amazing but the fuel was disappearing. We were in trouble," added Mourinho. "I don't remember in my career

to be in so much in trouble to make my changes because I wanted to make five or six and I could only make three." The hosts got a much-needed lift after just two minutes when Daniel Amartey was harshly adjudged by referee Andre Mariner to have handled Alexis Sanchez's shot. Pogba resisted the pleas of Sanchez to take the spot-kick and after a prolonged stuttering run up, dispatched his shot into the top corner giving Kasper Schmeichel no chance to repeat his penalty saving heroics at the World Cup for Denmark. "We don't have a penalty taker, it's how we feel and I decided to take it. Maybe on the next game I leave it to Alexis," said Pogba. "I didn't have any pre-season games, I came back on Monday so it was very hard for the legs." Mourinho was particularly annoyed to miss out on a series of centre-back targets, including Leicester's Harry Maguire who shone for England in Russia.

Emery in spotlight as Arsenal begin life without Wenger London agencieS

Ronaldo set to begin Juve adventure in alpine friendly Turin agencieS

Juventus fans will get their first glimpse of superstar summer signing Cristiano Ronaldo in rarified surroundings on Sunday, when he makes his debut for the Italian champions at the foot of the Alps a week before the start of the new Serie A season. Ronaldo, who signed for Juventus from European champions Real Madrid in a shock 100 million-euro ($117 million) deal exactly a month ago, will wear the Juventus kit for the first time in the club's traditional pre-season friendly between Juve's first XI and a "B" team in Villar Perosa, a small town 40 kilometres (25 miles) west of Turin. Set in a valley at the foot of the Italian Alps, Villar Perosa (population: roughly 4,100) is the home of the family estate and summer retreat of the powerful Agnellis, who, apart from a brief period around the Second World War, have run Juventus since 1923 and established the traditional alpine curtain raiser. Members of the industrial dynasty -- founders of Fiat car manufacturers and often called the "Italian Kennedys" -- have lived at "The Castle" in Villar Perosa since the 19th century, while deceased former club chairman Gianni Agnelli was town mayor between 1945 and 1980.

Unai Emery faces a daunting task to lift Arsenal out of the doldrums as the Gunners head into a new Premier League season without Arsene Wenger as their manager for the first time in 22 years. Emery was hired to replace Wenger following the Frenchman's exit at the end of a dismal campaign which saw Arsenal labour to a sixth-place finish in the Premier League. Arsenal's Premier League opener against champions Manchester City on Sunday will provide an early look at how Emery is faring in cleaning up the mess left by Wenger at the Emirates Stadium. Arsenal had been stuck in a downward spiral for years and with Wenger unable to reverse the decline, owner Stan Kroenke finally dispensed with the most successful manager in his club's history despite the Frenchman's desire to stay. Finishing 37 points behind City was a fitting ending for the dispiriting final season of the Wenger era -- a torrid campaign layed out to a soundtrack of angry protests against the manager from frustrated fans. Wenger's remarkable feats in the first half of his reign will stand the test of time, but few

Arsenal supporters lamented his departure after 14 years without a league title. Arsenal have fallen so far behind their top-four rivals that, at present, it is unthinkable Emery could ever match his predecessor's haul of three Premier League titles and seven FA Cups. Yet despite Arsenal's reduced status, Emery, who parted ways with Paris SaintGermain at the end of last season, jumped at the chance to follow in Wenger's footsteps in

north London. The 46-year-old Spaniard arrives with an intriguing pedigree, having enjoyed success with PSG, only to pay the price for failing to fulfil the club's desire to win the Champions League. A cynic might suggest Emery's feat of winning the Europa League three years in a row with Sevilla was the most relevent achievement on his CV prior to his appointment at Arsenal -- who will compete in Europe's second tier competition for a second successive season.

SPORTS 15

Payet double and vAR give Marseille opening win TouLouse agencieS

Mercurial star Dimitri Payet scored twice, including a penalty courtesy of VAR, as Marseille opened the new French Ligue 1 season with a 4-0 demolition of Toulouse on Friday. Payet, who missed France's World Cup triumph through injury, opened the scoring on the stroke of half-time and added his second just after the hour mark at the Stade Velodrome. Valere Germain slotted home the third in the 89th minute before Florent Thauvin added the fourth in injury time to secure a comfortable three points on a night which saw the World Cup trophy shown off to the crowd who also warmly welcomed back their world champion players Adil Rami and Steeve Mandanda. "We can say that it is a perfect evening even if we can always do better," said Marseille coach Rudi Garcia. "Four goals without conceding, all scored by the attackers and in a full Velodrome -- it was very good." The VAR (Video Assistant Referee) system had debuted at the World Cup in Russia and it made its entrance in the French top flight on Friday just before the half-time whistle. Referee Ruddy Buquet had originally signalled for a corner after a header from Germain had come off the arms of Toulouse defender Kelvin Amian. However, after a VAR consultation, the offcial awarded a penalty instead and captain Payet stepped up to beat goalkeeper Baptiste Reynet from the spot. Payet hit a spectacular second after 62 minutes with a volley which dipped under the crossbar before he was eventually replaced to a standing ovation by another World Cup winner Thauvin in the 83rd minute. Germain tucked away the third goal after being set up by Morgan Sanson before Thauvin completed the rout. "The World Cup win has given us wings, strength and confidence," said Thauvin. Toulouse coach Alain Casanova said that the scoreline flattered Marseille although he welcomes the addition of the VAR. "Two days ago, I said I was for VAR. I will not deny what I said, even if it was against us tonight," said Casanova. "It will be important in the future." Defending champions Paris Saint-Germain, with Neymar and French World Cup star Kylian Mbappe in tandem, begin their campaign on Sunday against Caen at the Parc des Princes.

Great expectations on Liverpool to end wait for league title London agencieS

Jurgen Klopp is trying to keep a lid on expectations, but ahead of the new Premier League season, Anfield is brimming with excitement that Liverpool could finally end a near three decades wait to be crowned champions of England. Often outgunned by the riches of fierce rivals Manchester United and the oil-backed wealth of Chelsea and Manchester City in recent times, this summer Liverpool were the Premier League's biggest spenders in a reported ÂŁ170 million splurge ($219 million). "We had to create a squad

which is strong enough and wide enough to cope with the Premier League and to be as successful as possible," said Klopp on Friday. The club's business was also done early to give Brazil's number one Alisson Becker and midfielders Fabinho, Naby Keita and Xherdan Shaqiri time to bed in before their campaign kicks off at home to West Ham on Sunday. Just as importantly, unlike Luis Suarez and Philippe Coutinho who were lured away from Anfield to Barcelona in recent years, Mohamed Salah and Roberto Firmino signed new contracts as a statement of intent of what is to come for Klopp's Liverpool.

Despite not winning a trophy since the charismatic German coach took charge in 2015, the Reds are also building from position of strength. A run to the Champions League final in May before losing out to Real Madrid showed both how far Liverpool had come in his time in charge, but also where there was room for improvement. Two monumental errors by Loris Karius forced the club to bite the bullet and spend big for a top class goalkeeper. The 72.5 million euro ($84 million) fee paid for Alisson was a world record for a 'keeper, but just a few weeks on seems reasonable compared to the 80 million euros Chelsea splashed out for the

far more inexperienced Kepa Arrizabalaga from Athletic Bilbao. Madrid also outclassed Liverpool in midfield in Kiev, as they have done to most sides in winning three straight Champions League titles thanks to the talent of Luka Modric and Toni Kroos. But the additions of Fabinho and Keita significantly improve Liverpool's quality in that area of the field and crucially fit perfectly into Klopp's high pressing system. Despite thrashing Manchester City 5-1 over two legs in the Champions League quarter-finals, Klopp's men finished 25 points adrift of the record-breaking Premier League champions last season.

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Sunday, 12 August, 2018

NEWS

AfghAN ARmy iN CoNTRol of ghAzNi CiTy, ClAim offiCiAlS KABUL

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ECURITy forces were in control of the eastern Afghan city of Ghazni on Saturday, officials said, more than a day after Taliban fighters launched a major onslaught on the provincial capital, as reinforcements continued a clearance operation targeting the militants. Interior ministry spokesman Najib Danish said fresh reinforcements had arrived in the area and were battling Taliban fighters north of Ghazni, and that the insurgents were in no position to take control of the city. “The situation is fully under control. The city is not going to fall,” Danish told a press conference after confusion mounted over Ghazni's fate following hours of official silence. A spokesman for United States (US) forces in Afghanistan also described the fight for the city as a clearance operation, with sporadic clashes between security forces and insurgents punctuating relative calm. “The fact remains that the Taliban are unable to seize terrain and unable to match the Afghan security forces or our enablement, retreating once directly and decisively engaged,” Lt. Col. Martin O'Donnell told AFP. Insurgents entered Ghazni from sev-

eral directions late on Thursday night, attacking media offices and damaging a telecommunications tower, effectively shutting off mobile service to the city as of Friday afternoon — making information about the fight difficult to verify. An MP from Ghazni urged caution following Danish's press conference, saying heavy clashes continued to rage between the two sides. “Intense fighting is still ongoing in Ghazni city. The prison is under attack from several directions, they are trying to free the prisoners,” said Nafisa Azimi by telephone from Kabul.

“Fear is spreading in Ghazni as the day ends, the Taliban might intensify their attack as it gets dark.” Danish said at least 25 security forces had died in the fighting along with 150 Taliban fighters. At least one media worker from a local broadcaster was also killed. ‘UNDER THREAT’ Earlier on Saturday, the Taliban claimed victory in the fight for the embattled city, saying their forces were in control of Ghazni after routing Afghan troops. “Last night, our mujahideen have

completely conquered a battalion in Ghazni, seizing weapons and ammunitions and four pickup trucks,” said Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid in a message to journalists. “Our mujahideen are protecting the city of Ghazni.” The Taliban often exaggerate their battlefield gains and downplay losses incurred during clashes. Ghazni — less than two hours by road from Kabul — has been under increasing danger from massing Taliban fighters for months, with reports suggesting insurgents had already infiltrated the city. Political analyst Atta Noori said the lack of official response to the mounting threat would likely dent already fraying public confidence in Kabul's ability to confront the Taliban. “The government might be in control of the city but it always remains under threat,” said Noori. The attack was the latest attempt by the Taliban to seize an urban centre and comes as pressure mounts on the militant movement to enter peace talks with the government to end the nearly 17year-old war. It was also the largest tactical operation by the Taliban since an unprecedented ceasefire in June brought fighting between security forces and the Taliban to a temporary halt, giving warweary Afghans some welcome relief from the bloodshed.

Taliban travel to Uzbekistan for talks with officials ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

Taliban and Uzbek officials say the head of the Taliban’s political office in Qatar led a delegation to Uzbekistan to meet senior Foreign Ministry officials in a rare diplomatic foray — and the strongest sign yet of the insurgency’s increasing political presence in the region. Taliban political chief Sher Mohammad Abbas Stanikzai represented the insurgents in the four-day talks that ended Friday. Suhail Shaheen, spokesman for the Taliban’s political office in Doha, said in a statement to The Associated Press that discussions covered everything from international troop withdrawal to peace prospects to possible Uzbek-funded development projects that could include railway lines and electricity. Uzbek’s Foreign Affairs Ministry website offered a terse two-line announcement on the visit saying “the sides exchanged views on prospects of the peace process in Afghanistan. “

LAHORE: Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) leaders Yousaf Raza Gillani and Khursheed Shah discuss future political strategies and formation of government in Punjab with Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) President Shehbaz Sharif ahead of National Assembly’s inaugural session on August 13. INP

Nandipur project delay caused Rs27b loss, SC told NAB INTERIM REPORT SAYS DELAY OCCURRED DUE TO RIFT BETWEEN FEDERAL MINISTRIES OF LAW AND POWER ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

The National Accountability Bureau (NAB) on Saturday informed the apex court that the national kitty suffered a loss of Rs27 billion in the Nandipur power project due to the delay caused by the federal law ministry during 2009. According to details, an interim investigation report submitted by the anti-graft body in the Supreme Court (SC) stated that the delay in providing a legal opinion on the matter resulted in the loss to the national exchequer. Despite requests made by the ministry of water and power, the law ministry failed to fulfil its responsibility and the project was delayed due to a rift between both federal ministries, it added. Babar Awan, who is currently affiliated with the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI), was the law minister at that time in the PPP-led government and the petition against the delay was filed by former foreign minister Khawaja Asif in 2011. The report further said that it was found, during the investigation, that the officials of the law ministry failed to exercise their authority lawfully and committed corruption offences under NAB’s laws. The anti-graft body added that it possesses all relevant record from both ministries and the statements of the accused and witnesses are being recorded. Nandipur corruption case was reopened by the Supreme Court in August as a bench took up the 2011 petition of the PML-N leader Khawaja Asif alleging corruption in the construction of 525-megawatt combined cycle power plant at Nandipur in Gujranwala. In June, vowing to expose the alleged ‘fraud’ in the project, the SC directed NAB to expedite its investigation of alleged corruption in Nandipur power project. “Why Nandipur power plant is still not complete?” Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Mian Saqib Nisar questioned while heading a three-judge bench earlier. “We want to see the fraud that took place in this project,” he added He also said a report prepared by Justice (r) Rehmat Hussain Jafri regarding the project is available to the court and the bench will look into allegations of corruption. In 2013, the apex court on Asif’s petition appointed a oneman commission of Justice (r) Rehmat Hussain Jafri on the Nandipur project. In its 94-page report, the commission concluded that the national exchequer suffered a colossal loss of Rs113 billion due to the negligence of the then federal law ministry for causing a delay in giving necessary approval and completing documents for the execution of 950-megawatt power generation projects of Nandipur and Chichon-Ki-Malian.

Revised FATA-KP merger plan to be executed in two instead of three phases MERGER OF DEPARTMENTS MENTIONED IN PHASES ONE AND TWO WOULD BE CARRIED OUT SIMULTANEOUSLY ISLAMABAD HAMID KHAN WAZIR

In order to materialise the merger of FATA with Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (KP) under the 25th Constitutional Amendment, 2018, the plan to integrate FATA Secretariat with KP Civil Secretariat has been revised as the plan would now be executed in two phases instead of three. Earlier, it was agreed upon to integrate FATA Secretariat with KP Civil Secretariat in three phases in a year’s time. However, the plan has now been revised and the merger of departments mentioned in phase one and two of the plan would be carried out simultaneously. According to the documents, there is an immediate need to devise initial plans to set the right direction for the implementation of the merger. The FATA Secretariat was established

in 2006 and has several departments which have multiple directorates such as administration, planning and development, finance and others. In order to avoid any administrative vacuum and friction, a meticulously structured approach for the required administrative integration is recommended, which is proposed to be actualised in a year’s time. In the first phase, several departments would be shifted to like departments of the KP government. FATA health and education departments would be transferred to KP’s health and education departments while agriculture research will be shifted to the agriculture department of the provincial government. Similarly, agriculture extension and fisheries will be shifted to the agriculture department in six months, among other departments. In the second phase, the works and

services department of erstwhile FATA would be merged with KP works and services department. The documents stated that owing to administrative compulsions relating to planning, finance and maintenance of order, it is recommended that in the inception stage of one year, the planning, finance, law and order departments along

with FATA Development Authority and administration wing/unit should remain under the administrative control of FATA additional chief secretary (ACS). The planning department along with FATA Development Authority will provide the necessary capacity to FATA ACS to plan for the utilisation of the significant amount of funds expected to be provided

Published by Arif Nizami at Plot No 79, Sector 24, Korangi Industrial Area Karachi. Ph: 021-35381208-9. Email: newsroom@pakistantoday.com.pk

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for the implementation of the 10-year socio-economic plan in line with the recommendations of the committee on FATA reforms approved by the prime minister. However, the forum for approval of development schemes under the annual development plan at the level of FATA Secretariat, i.e. FATA development working party, will be abolished and all its functions will be shifted to the provincial development working party of the KP province. Similarly, the finance department will enable FATA Secretariat to maintain the much-needed linkage and liaison with finance division and the office of accountant general Pakistan revenue. Likewise, the services of law and order department are required to ensure a smooth transition from the previous law enforcement regime in FATA to the one in KP. A small administration wing or unit headed by a deputy secretary will also be needed to look after the official assets and coordinate with KP secretariat for shifting of the directorate, which can be placed in any of the four remaining departments in FATA Secretariat or can report directly to the ACS.

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