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Saturday, 11 August, 2018 I Zul Qadah 28, 1439 I Rs 19.00 I Vol IX No 44 I 20 Pages I Islamabad Edition

Imran apologises for violating polls conduct, gets notified from NA-53

Trump cuTs miliTary Training programmes for pakisTani officers g


PTI nominates Asad Qaisar as NA speaker, Sarwar as Punjab governor g


AsAd QAisAr


ecP orders re-polling in Pk-23 over low turnout of women


wAshINgtoN decIdes to susPeNd securIty AssIstANce to comPel PAkIstAN to crAck dowN oN mIlItANts us offIcIAls ‘worrIed’ thAt decIsIoN could uNdermINe key trust-buIldINg meAsure PAkIstANI offIcIAls wArN It could Push theIr mIlItAry to further look to chINA or russIA for leAdershIP trAININg ISLAMABAD/WASHINGTON



nited States (US) President donald trump’s administration has quietly started cutting scores of Pakistani officers from coveted training and educational programmes that have been a hallmark of bilateral military relations for more than a decade, according to a Reuters report. the move, which has not been previously reported, is one of the first known impacts from trump’s decision this year to suspend US security assistance to Pakistan to compel it to crack down


on militants. the Pentagon and the Pakistani military did not comment directly on the decision or the internal deliberations, but officials from both countries privately criticised the move. US officials, speaking to Reuters on the condition of anonymity, said they were worried the decision could undermine a key trust-building measure. Pakistani officials warned it could push their military to further look to China or Russia for leadership training. the effective suspension of Pakistan from the US government’s international Military education and training programme (iMet) will close off places that had been set aside for 66 Pakistani officers this year, a State department spokesperson told Reuters. the places will either be unfilled or given to officers from other countries. dan Feldman, a former US special representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan, called the move “very short-sighted and myopic”. “this will have lasting negative impacts limiting the bilateral relationship well into the future,” Feldman told Reuters. A State department spokesperson, speaking on the condition of anonymity, said the iMet cancellations were valued at $2.41 million so far. At least two other programmes have also been affected, the spokesperson said.

it is unclear precisely what level of military cooperation still continues outside the iMet programme, beyond the top level contacts between US and Pakistani military leaders. the US military has traditionally sought to shield such educational programs from political tensions, arguing that the ties built by bringing foreign military officers to the United States pay longterm dividends. For example, the US Army’s War College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, which would normally have two Pakistani military officers per year, boasts graduates including Lieutenant General naveed Mukhtar, the current director-general of inter-Services intelligence (iSi). the War College, the US Army’s premier school for foreign officers, says it has hosted 37 participants from Pakistan over the past several decades. it will have no Pakistani students in the upcoming academic year, a spokeswoman said. Pakistan has also been removed from programmes at the US naval War College, naval Staff College and courses including cyber security studies. ‘LIES AND DECEIT’: in his first tweet of 2018, trump slammed Pakistan, saying the country has rewarded past US aid with “nothing but lies & deceit”. Washington announced plans in January to suspend up to roughly $2 billion in US security assistance to Pakistan.




Saturday, 11 August, 2018




HE Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) on Friday nominated Asad Qaisar for the post of National Assembly speaker and Senator Chaudhry Muhammad Sarwar for the slot of Punjab governor. PTI Vice President Shah Mahmood Qureshi briefed reporters about the party’s nominations for the posts of NA speaker and Punjab governor. “We have a clear majority in Punjab and we are in a position to form government in the province,” Qureshi said. Qaiser, who has previously served

as speaker of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly, brings a wealth of experience with him and enjoys an admirable relationship with all political parties, Qureshi told media. Asad Qaiser won PK-44 Swabi 2 constituency on the PTI’s ticket with 31,658 votes, defeating ANP’s Gul Zamin Shah during the July 25 general election. Qaiser belongs to the Swabi district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and graduated from University of Peshawar before moving on to a career in education. He joined the PTI in 1996, prior to which he was a member of the Jamaat-e-Islami’s student wing. In the PTI, he has served as the district president of Swabi and provincial president of the party.

Polio vaccination workers held hostage, manhandled in Nowshera Polio workers were held hostage and manhandled by locals in an attempt to disrupt the ongoing polio eradication campaign in Nowshera district. In the first incident which took place in Rashakai, three people were arrested by the police for allegedly disrupting the vaccination process by harassing female staffers of the polio teams and abusing the police staff assisting them. As a result, the polio eradication teams in Nowshera have reportedly boycotted the ongoing vaccination campaign in protest against harassment of female staffers in the area. The police raided the house where the staffers were taken hostage and arrested the suspects including the female culprits who had assisted them and started interrogation. Separately, Nowshera police arrested two persons who chased and teased a polio vaccination team at Kalenger Village of Risalpur. The youngsters were on a motorcycle and hurled abuses on the police staff performing duties with the team. Police said that lady health worker Pashmena of BHU was on duty at Kalanjer where three youngsters started chasing her. Police constable Amanullah, who was assisting her, said that the boys took out pistols and pointed them on him and also hurled abuses when he tried to stop them. He alleged that they were forcing the team to stop vaccination. The police then raided their houses and arrested two of them while the search for the third was underway. The Risalpur police registered FIRs of both cases and started investigation. NEWS DESK

Chaudhry Sarwar, who has served as Punjab governor in the past, was recently quoted as saying that he was not interested in the post. Senator Sarwar was born and raised in Pakistan, later moving to Scotland in the 1970s. He has served as a former member of the British Parliament. In 2013, he left Britain and returned to Pakistan joining the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) and being appointed Governor Punjab. Sarwar left the PML-N over difference and joined the PTI in 2015. Earlier this year he was appointed to the Senate of Pakistan on a general seat from Punjab. Qureshi added that PTI chairman Imran Khan will announce the party’s

candidate for the post of Punjab chief minister. Qureshi further announced that on the night of August 13, after the assembly takes oath, Imran Khan will chair a meeting of all the PTI and coalition party MNAs to discuss their combined future strategy. PTI has also nominated party representatives that will keep tabs on and coordinate with MNAs from regions designated to them. “Pervez Khattak will look after the KP and FATA region, Arif Alvi will take care of Sindh. Shafqat Mehmood will coordinate with MNAs from central Punjab, Chaudhry Muhammad Sarwar will coordinate with members from west Punjab while Amir Kiyani will coordinate with north Punjab and I will take care of the coordination with members from south Punjab,” Qureshi announced during the press conference.

ECP orders re-polling in PK-23 over low turnout of women PESHAWAR STAFF REPORT

The Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) on Friday annulled the election result of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Assembly seat PK-23 Shangla and ordered a re-election due to the low turnout of women votes in the constituency. According to details, the election on PK-23 was annulled as women’s turnout of total polled votes was less than 10%, a legal requirement laid down in the Elections Act of 2017 to validate the result. Over 3,505 of the total women voters exercised their right, which was only 5% of the total 69,827 votes polled there. Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI)

leader Shaukat Ali Yousafzai was declared a winner from PK-23 in the preliminary unofficial results of July 25 general election. Pakistan Muslim League-N (PML-N) nominee Muhammad Rishad Khan, who was the runners-up with a margin of fewer than 3,300 votes, had approached the ECP for re-election. Shaukat Ali was declared a winner with 17,399 votes whereas Muhammad Rishad was the runners-up with 15,533 votes. The ECP rejected the plea for repolling on NA-10 Shangla on similar grounds pertaining to 10% turnout of women. The constituencies where women turnout of polled votes was less than 10% include NA- 39 Dera Ismail Khan, NA-42 Mohmand, NA-

SHC seeks details of Faisal Vawda's 'dual nationality' KARACHI: The Sindh High Court (SHC) on Friday sought details of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) MNAelect Faisal Vawda’s dual nationality in a case pleading his disqualification. While hearing petitions pertaining to election results, the high court directed the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) to submit a report regarding Vawda’s dual nationality. The petition of the case was filed by Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) leader Qadir Khan Mandokhel. Mandokhel claimed that the

44 Khyber and NA -48 North Waziristan. In NA-39, where PTI candidate Muhammad Yaqoob Sheikh had defeat JUI-F chief Fazlur Rehman, the female voter turnout was the lowest with just 3 per cent participation from women. Responding to the decision of ECP, PTI leader Shaukat Ali Yousafzai called it unjustified, adding that instead of ordering the cancellation of elections on the whole constituency, the ECP should have ordered re-polling on polling stations where women didn’t cast votes. “This is a mountainous area and re-election will not only cause hardships for him but will also be difficult for the people,” he said.

NA-249 winner did not declare his United States (US) citizenship and concealed foreign properties as well as the bank accounts in the nomination papers and affidavit submitted for the 2018 polls. When the SHC inquired as to why the petitioner did not file an objection during scrutiny of nomination papers, the PPP leader said he was gathering information. A representative of the commission denied that the ECP had any knowledge of Vawda’s dual citizenship. The court has directed the ECP to submit a reply by August 30. In the July 25 polls, Vawda emerged as a winner with Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) President Shehbaz Sharif trailing in Karachi’s constituency with a narrow margin of 718 votes. STAFF REPORT

Sharifs ask IHC to make accountability court party to Avenfield petition ISLAMABAD: The Sharif family on Friday pleaded the Islamabad High Court (IHC) to allow them to make the accountability court party to their petition challenging their conviction in the Avenfield properties reference. The legal counsels of former prime minister Nawaz Sharif, his daughter Maryam and son-inlaw Captain (r) Safdar submitted petitions in IHC asking to make the accountability court party to their plea against the conviction. The IHC is hearing the Sharifs’ petition challenging their conviction in Avenfield reference, under which Nawaz has been sentenced to a total of 11 years in prison, his daughter Maryam to eight years and her husband Safdar to one year in prison. The accountability court which announced the sentences on July 6, also slapped £8 million fine on Nawaz and £2 million fine on Maryam. The Sharifs are serving their respective sentences at Adiala Jail in Rawalpindi. Their appeal against Avenfield conviction highlights legal flaws in the judgement and asks for the accountability court’s verdict to be declared null and void and the three convicts to be released on bail. IHC BENCH RECONSTITUTED: The Islamabad High Court bench hearing the Sharifs’ petition against Avenfield conviction will be re-constituted as Justice Aamer Farooq is leaving for summer holidays. The two-member bench comprised of Justice Aamer Farooq and Justice Miangul Hassan Aurangzeb. The registrar office has referred the matter to Chief Justice of Pakistan Saqib Nisar. STAFF REPORT

APML's newly appointed chairman resigns All Pakistan Muslim League (APML) Chairman Dr Muhammad Amjad on Friday resigned from party’s top position. Dr Amjad was nominated as the new chairman of the party by Musharraf after he resigned from the position on June 22. Speaking to the press, Dr Amjad confirmed that he has disassociated from the party and will send his resignation to the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) by Monday. Dr Amjad was contesting elections from Islamabad’s NA53 constituency, however, at the runtime, he withdrew his nomination papers in favour of Imran Khan who contesting against him from the same NA seat. Musharraf founded APML in 2010. Despite the party announcing a boycott of the 2013 election just days before the balloting, two of its candidates still contested and won two seats from Chitral. The retired general was barred from contesting the 2013 election due to cases registered against him. NEWS DESK

SC issues contempt notice to Aamir Liaquat ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

The Supreme Court on Friday issued a contempt of court notice to Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) MNA elect Aamir Liaquat Hussain. A three-member bench of the apex court, headed by Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Mian Saqib Nisar, issued the notice while hearing a private TV channel’s petition against Liaquat, who had missed the same case’s hearing on Thursday. As the case proceedings began with Liaquat in attendance, Jang group’s counsel Faisal Iqbal told the court that the TV anchor, in one of his TV programmes, had “accused Geo TV anchor Shahzeb Khanzada of supporting blasphemy convicts”. “He also levelled grave allegations against Najam Sethi,” the counsel added. “No one has the right to call anyone infidel or traitor.” At the chief justice’s orders, a clip of Liaquat’s said show was played in the courtroom. In the clip, Liaquat was observed hurling insults at the owner of a private TV channel.

“Do [you] teach the general public this through TV?” Justice Nisar remarked, addressing the TV personality. The chief justice pondered suspending the notification of Liaquat’s recent electoral victory. The CJP remarked, “How can we let such people sit in the Parliament who lack manners to speak to others.” “Those that can’t control their speech should not be allowed in the Parliament,” Justice Nisar added. After watching the content of the video clip, when the Supreme Court asked Liaquat to explain himself, the anchor claimed that he had used the insulting words for “Narendra Modi and Ajeet Duval”. The chief justice cut short Liaquat’s explanation and said: “You are again lying in the court. This drama won’t fly here.” The CJP further said that the PTI leader was issued a show cause notice because he “lied on public television”. The top judge reprimanded Liaquat for “taking undue advantage of the media’s reach and spreading false propaganda”. The PTI leader and his counsel


claimed that Liaquat’s show was aired in response to an Indian TV channel’s show. The defence counsel sought more time to respond and submit the transcript of the programme in court. The CJP ordered Liaquat to submit a reply to the show cause notice within 14 days. On Wednesday, the top court had fined the TV personality Rs20,000 for not appearing in court in a contempt case and directed that the fine will go towards the Diamer-Bhasha dam fund. Faisal Qureshi, the lawyer for the petitioners, had argued that Aamir Liaquat had levelled false allegations against politicians and media personalities on his show on Bol TV. The CJP had said that Aamir Liaquat had previously assured the court that he would not make any defamatory remarks on his TV programmes. He added that the court will investigate transcripts of his shows to verify if he had defied the court by making any abusive statements. The petitions for defamatory material were filed against Liaquat by

Independent Media group, Mir Shakilur Rehman, Najam Sethi and Shahzeb Khanzada. Earlier, in general elections, Aamir Liaquat won a seat from the constituency NA-245 (Karachi) on a Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) ticket. AAMIR LIAQUAT FACES TROUBLE ON TWITTER: On August 1, Aamir Liaqat was the focus of controversy on Twitter when he posted a photo of Senator Sherry Rehman, MMA spokesperson Owais Noorani and former prime minister Yousuf Raza Gilani with a provocative caption. Upon negative reaction from Twitter users, Liaquat was forced to take down his tweet and make a public apology. He tweeted, “Twitter didn’t delete my tweet, I deleted it myself cause I later realized it might look bad for you. I have respect for you because of the issues you raised in NA when I was there too. It is a misunderstanding, I was targeting MMA Owais Norani, not you. I apologise @sherryrehman.”

CMYK Saturday, 11 August, 2018





HE Election Commission of Pakistan on Friday has accepted Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Chairman Imran Khan’s apology for the violation of the electoral code by casting his vote publicly on the election day. The commission has also ordered the issuance of notification for Imran’s victory in NA-53, where he stamped the ballot paper publicly instead of going behind the voting screen to cast his vote in secrecy. Earlier during the day, during the hearing of the suo motu case by a fourmember bench headed by Chief Election Commissioner Sardar Muhammad Raza, the PTI chief submitted a written reply and an affidavit. ECP took notice of Imran publicly stamping the ballot

paper in the NA-53 Islamabad constituency, instead of going behind the voting screen to cast his vote. In his written reply, Khan mentioned that he values the ECP as well as the electoral rules. He said that on July 25, he entered an overcrowded polling station, without any companions, to cast his vote. According to Khan’s reply, furniture was lying everywhere in the station. “I was told to put my ballot on a table and stamp it when I asked the staffers present there about where to mark the ballot,” Khan told the ECP. It was further reported by PTI chief’s counsel Babar Awan that his client “did not intentionally stamp the ballot paper publicly”. The reply stated, that “Imran’s ballot paper photos were taken without his permission, while the curtain, used around the ballot for secrecy, had fallen

NAb asks Interpol to bring Ishaq dar back ISLAMABAD: The National Accountability Bureau (NAB) has contacted Interpol to bring former finance minister Ishaq Dar back to his country and to issue red warrants after blocking his passport and National Identity Card (NIC). As per media reports, NAB has prepared the strategy to bring Dar back and his passport and identity card has been blocked under this strategy. “All sources and legal methods will be used to bring Ishaq Dar back to Pakistan,” NAB said. The antigraft body has decided to make contact with the British authorities and has also consulted the headquarters of passport office and immigration to include the name of former finance minister Ishaq Dar in the blacklist. In December last year, an accountability court had declared Dar an absconder in a corruption reference after the former finance minister repeatedly failed to join the trial, remaining instead in London where he has reportedly been undergoing medical treatment. Ishaq Dar had left the country last year in October, and since then, has failed to appear in court for cases pertaining to possible embezzlement and nepotism. Despite Chief Justice Mian Saqib Nisar’s warning to cancel Ishaq Dar’s passport, it has not been revoked because Dar could refuse to return to Pakistan on the plea of cancellation of the passport. Dar’s senatorship was canceled by the apex court last May. ONLINE

due to the crowd inside the polling booth”. Imran won the NA-53 seat by defeating former prime minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi, bagging 92,891 votes in contrast to the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) leader’s 44,314 votes. Earlier, on Thursday, the electoral watchdog had declared Imran victorious from NA-35 Bannu, NA-95 Mianwali, and NA-243 Karachi constituencies after accepting the PTI chief’s apology in poll code violation case. However, it is yet to issue the victory notification from the NA-53 constituency in Islamabad after it dismissed Imran’s reply in the ballot secrecy case. The PTI chief’s counsel had submitted a request to the ECP to issue notification for Imran’s victory from NA-53 Islamabad. The ECP, however, dismissed the reply submitted by Awan and summoned an affidavit from Imran apologising for the controversial vote casting complete with his signature. The notification was withheld from the constituency in view of the pending case against the PTI chief for violating

the electoral code of conduct. The ECP had earlier withheld notifications of Imran’s victory from NA131 Lahore and NA-53 Islamabad constituencies. Although the ECP had issued victory notifications for the PTI chief in three other constituencies, NA35 Bannu, NA-243 Karachi and NA-95 Mianwali, it had kept these notifications subject to its final decision in the pending cases against Imran. The secrecy of the ballot is guaranteed by the Constitution under Article 226 that states: “All elections under the Constitution, other than those of the Prime Minister and the Chief Minister, shall be by secret ballot.” According to Section 185 of the Election Act, “A person can be given a six-month jail sentence and/or fine of Rs1,000 for not casting their vote in secrecy.” Khan won all five National Assembly constituencies he contested from in the polls. The ECP’s notifications about his victory from three constituencies had already been conditionally issued, and a victory notification for NA-131 was issued on Thursday.

Supreme Court stops NAB from arresting NICL ex-chairman TWO INQUIRIES ARE UNDERWAY AGAINST NIAZI



The Supreme Court (SC) on Friday barred the National Accountability Bureau (NAB) from arresting the former chairman of National Insurance Company Limited (NICL), Ayaz Khan Niazi in a corruption reference pertaining to purchase of real estate on exorbitant rates. While hearing the case, Chief Justice of Pakistan (CJP) Mian Saqib Nisar remarked that “two inquiries were underway against

Niazi”. He further criticised NAB for not putting in efforts to arrest those “who are supposed to be taken into custody”. He said, “The anti-graft body arrests those who are in Pakistan while those who had to be arrested have fled the country,” adding, “we know how people are facilitated in fleeing abroad.” Earlier, Niazi along with 12 others appeared in court over the NICL scandal, where the CJP had inquired during the hearing regarding the whereabouts of Mohsin Habib. The apex court had ordered to place the

name of Mohsin Habib on ECL, however, he fled away abroad “Mohsin Habib has escaped abroad through Afghanistan and it is learnt that he will come back after the new government comes into power,” he observed. Later, the court ordered the Accountability Court to complete the trial within two months. The scandal from five years ago pertains to financial embezzlement by former NICL chairperson Ayaz Khan Niazi, Mohsin Habib Warraich, then commerce minister (late) Makhdoom Amin Fahim, and several others in the purchase of official land. Niazi was arrested earlier in March 2018 on the directives of the top court. The SC, in its 2013 verdict, had held that Niazi was appointed as the head of NICL in violation of rules and directed NAB investigations against several top bureaucrats and politicians of the country.


IHC upholds order to not hand over Talha Haroon to uS ISLAMABAD: The Islamabad High Court (IHC) on Friday maintained the order of not handing over a United States (US) national of Pakistan origin, summoning the inquiry officer on the matter for next hearing. In 2016, the Pakistani government had arrested and jailed Talha Haroon after he was charged with terrorism by the US government. The terror charges were rejected by Haroon’s family members. The decision to hand over Haroon to the US authorities was challenged in the high court. A single bench of the IHC led by Justice Shaukat Aziz Siddiqui took up the case for hearing. Advocate Idrees Ashraf on behalf of the petitioner and prayed the court to annul the probe initiated by an inquiry officer appointed by Islamabad chief commissioner. The court has directed former additional deputy commissioner Abdul Sattar Essani who was appointed as an inquiry officer during the Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz (PML-N) government to appear on August 29. The court, after summoning the inquiry officer for next hearing, adjourned the hearing of the case till 29th. ONLINE

Imran wants I-day celebrated with fervour Pakistan Tehreek-eInsaf (PTI) Chairman and prime ministerdesignate Imran Khan has said that he wants all Pakistanis to celebrate the Independence Day “with full fervour”. In a tweet on Friday, the PTI chief said, “I want all Pakistanis to celebrate 14th August, our Independence Day, with full fervour.” He added that Pakistan was “now moving towards Naya Pakistan and reclaiming Jinnah’s vision InshaAllah.” Pakistan will celebrate the 71st Independence Day on August 14, 2018. Moreover, he congratulated the nation on the apex court’s decision directing the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) to ensure the voting rights to overseas Pakistan. He tweeted: “Good news for our national asset, the Overseas Pakistanis – PTI’s struggle for their voting rights’ implementation has been won as SC has decided this must be done and directed ECP to ensure the same through electronic means.” NEWS DESK

Trump cuts military training Minorities’ contribution vital for national programmes for Pakistani officers prosperity: President Mamnoon contInuED fRoM PAgE 01

But weeks later, Pakistan’s foreign secretary was quoted by local media saying that Islamabad had been told the United States would continue funding IMET programmes. Officially allies in fighting terrorism, Pakistan and the United States have a complicated relationship, bound by Washington’s dependence on Pakistan to supply its troops in Afghanistan but plagued by accusations Islamabad is playing a double game. Tensions have grown over US complaints that the Afghan Taliban militants and the Haqqani network that target American troops in Afghanistan are allowed to shelter on Pakistani soil. Current and former US officials said Defense Secretary Jim Mattis argued against excluding Pakistani officers from IMET courses. “I am shocked… We worked so hard for this to be the one thing that got saved,” said a former US defence official, who was involved in the conversations. The Pentagon declined to comment on internal government discussions, but Dana White, a Pentagon spokeswoman, said Mattis long believed in the value of the IMET programme as a way to build relations between foreign militaries. Pakistani Senator Mushahid Hussain, chairman of the Senate Foreign Affairs Committee, told Reuters that a US decision to cut off such exchanges would be counter-productive and push Pakistan’s military towards other countries. “It is one of those silly, punitive measures that they have deployed,” said Hussain, who sat next to a Chinese and Pakistani flag in his office. Russia and Pakistan signed an agreement earlier this week that would allow for Pakistani

military officers to train at Russian institutes. Pakistan’s military has ruled the country for about half of its history and traditionally seen the country’s foreign policy in its domain. IMET courses have been able to withstand poor relations between the two countries in the past, even after al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden was killed in a US Navy SEAL raid in the Pakistani town of Abbottabad in 2011. A NATO helicopter raid killed 28 Pakistani troops later that year in a friendly fire incident on the Afghan-Pakistan border. Feldman said that after the raid, when relations were at a low point, the United States limited large security assistance items, but made active efforts to continue the IMET program. UNINTENDED CONSEQUENCE: In the 1990’s former US President George HW Bush refused to certify that Pakistan did not have nuclear weapons, triggering the so-called “Pressler Amendment” that required cutting off all military assistance. That included IMET courses. “The unintended consequence was we didn’t know a decade of the Pakistani military leadership as well, and therefore couldn’t engage as effectively with them when we needed to,” Feldman said. Mattis, in private discussions within the government, had warned that excluding Pakistani officers from IMET courses could contribute to a similar situation in years to come, the former US defence official said. Pakistan had been the largest recipient of IMET between 2003 and 2017, according to the Security Assistance Monitor which tracks US assistance. “You can advocate for cutting off everything else and this was the one thing we were not supposed to touch,” the former official said.


President Mamnoon Hussain on Friday said that minorities’ contribution, being part of the national mainstream, was vital for the country's progress. In his message on Minorities Day, the president said Pakistan was the land of people belonging to different castes, creeds and religions and its constitution made minorities an important part of the national mainstream. He said August 11 was the day to reiterate this national cause and that a significant number of minorities had played a remarkable role in national history in the fields of defence, health, education and fine arts. “The day gives an opportunity to ac-

knowledge and pay tribute to those who contributed immensely for national development and prosperity,” he said. President Mamnoon also said that several attempts were made to harm national unity by inciting communal differences; however, he added that such unfortunate incidents had completely been rejected by the minority community. “This is the strength of Pakistani society that has helped the state in eliminating such miscreant elements,” he said. In recent elections, he said, several candidates belonging to the minority community had taken part on general seats and termed it a positive change in national determination against the ills of intolerance. He expressed confidence that the journey of national harmony would

continue in light of teachings of Muhammad Ali Jinnah and would result in providing all Pakistanis a levelplaying field to achieve sustainable progress and prosperity.

Senate body seeks details of new ordinance from PMdC ISLAMABAD: Senate Standing Committee on National Health Services, Regulations and Coordination on Friday sought details of the new ordinance from Pakistan Medical and Dental Council (PMDC). The committee meeting, chaired by Senator Mian Attique, also sought details of the newly-installed computerised system in the PMDC, besides details of the foreign visit of project employees to attend health conferences. The committee appealed to the attorney general to pursue the case of central admission policy for medical and dental colleges pending with the Supreme Court. DRAP CEO Dr Sheikh Akhtar Hussain informed the committee that DRAP’s board had fixed the price of stent, which was decided on the orders of the Supreme Court. He added that stent’s price had to increase due to the increase in dollar rate. Akhtar made it clear that the authority didn’t increase the stent price but actually, had only issued a notice in this regard. He added that now the price would be placed on every stent and there would be a display of prices of stents in hospitals for public awareness. APP


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11-year-old boy sexually assaulted in Taxila TAXILA: An 11-year-old boy was sexually assaulted by three men in Taxila’s Muslim Colony, police said on Friday. According to Station House Officer (SHO) Chaudhry Riaz, following the registration of a complaint by the victim’s father, the three suspects were arrested during raids at their homes. He said that medical examination proved the 11-year-old was sodomised. In the complaint, the victim’s father alleged that his son had gone to a nearby mosque on Thursday afternoon but was kidnapped and taken to the home of one of the accused and sexually assaulted by the three men. The suspects threatened to kill the boy before allowing him to leave, the father said. He said that the frightened boy told him about what happened after he reached the home. The police officer said that a detailed medical examination would be performed on the three suspects and they would be presented before the court today (Saturday). STAFF REPORT

Minister plants sapling in NBF Book Park ISLAMABAD: Caretaker Minister for Education and Professional Training Muhammad Yusuf Shaikh has said that a teacher can play an important role for inculcating the habit of book reading in students. He stated this while addressing a ceremony during his visit to National Book Foundation (NBF) on Friday. The minister was welcomed by NBP Managing Director Dr Inamul Haq Javeid. Soon after his arrival at NBF, the minister visited the NBF Book Park where he planted a sapling. He visited NBF Readers Club, NBF Book Shop, National Book Museum and section of kids’ book Kids Republic. He also appreciated the NBF role in the promotion and development of books. Later on, National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST) rector Naweed Zaman has also called on the caretaker minister. Both of them discussed matters related to education during the meeting. STAFF REPORT

CII displays publications, suggestions for scholars ISLAMABAD: The Council of Islamic Ideology (CII) on Friday displayed all its recommendations and publications aiming to benefit and encourage the scholars and researchers. The purpose of the exhibition was to choose and select research topics from within the themes taken up by the council from 1962 till date. Hundreds of teachers, Mphil and PhD level scholars visited the exhibition and evinced keen interest in the publications. The index prepared by the council offers thousands of the topics to meet contemporary needs. The council is also providing hard copies of its publications to the libraries of the universities and Islamic seminaries. STAFF REPORT

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ARETAKER Minister for Education and Professional Training Muhammad Yusuf Sheikh on Friday said that the National Commission for Human Development (NCHD) should be declared as primary and sole agency of the non-formal education (NFE). On his maiden visit to the NCHDrun National Training Institute (NTI), here on Friday, he appreciated the establishment of the institute and remarked that training in non-formal education has been neglected part of the society and it was a welcome and considerable step that NCHD has established first National Training Institute for NFE and literacy. “Education plays an essential role in improving the lives of individuals by enabling economic security, good

health and enriches societies by building human capital, fostering cultural identity, tolerance, and promoting civic participation,” the minister said. He said that the training of the master trainers at NTI would enable them to make valuable addition to enhancement of literacy, skill development and empowerment of neglected section of the society. He said that keeping in view all the circumstances, they should focus on languages (mother tongue) and mathematics. Vocational and technical skills should also be a part of this curriculum along with contents covering mother and child healthcare, up-bringing and character building, social values, roles and responsibilities towards building a nation and especially the national history, he suggested. After finalising the curriculum, the guiding principles should also be developed for delivery of these topics to

learners, he said. There should be a strong mechanism for the assessment of learning mile stones, which will be required for the certification and accreditation purpose, this revised curriculum should be complete resource pack covering all the aspects, he said. The minister appreciated the working of NTI experts and role of NCHD for the promotion of literacy and nonformal education. NCHD Chairperson Razina Alam Khan while briefing the minister regarding revision of literacy curriculum by NTI experts and other stakeholders said that they can create a ripple effect if they ensure that children have access to quality education that was rooted in gender equality. “A well-developed curriculum and well equipped teacher are the main ingredients for quality education.” Curriculum should reflect the learning needs covering their literacy skills as well as life skills so that they could be benefited in a real manner, she observed. “The adult illiterates will only be attracted to literacy programme if they can bring a change to their livelihood,” she said.

Persons with disabilities to join I-Day events as well ISLAMABAD APP

As the countdown for the arrival of Independence Day has started, the masses in twin cities are showing a great national spirit and enthusiasm through actively participating in the preparations for this national festival. In these celebrations, the persons with disabilities are equally eager and enthusiastic to celebrate the day and show their love and patriotism for the land. On one side, people are decorating their cars, bikes, bicycles, houses and offices while the physically hand-

icapped have decorated their wheel chairs with flags. The enthusiasm of these people who are struggling for their due rights, facilities and creating space for themselves in society reflect that these neglected segments can also play a vibrant role for the cause of national development. Azam Chaudhry, a 70 year-old recalling his memories of Independence Day said, “We must not forget the struggle and the efforts of our forefathers for acquiring a separate homeland. We must educate our younger generation about the significance of this day.” Addressing the youth of the coun-

try, he said that although we are facing national challenges but we should not be discouraged with these hurdles. “As I always consider this disability as my strength, and always thank Almighty Allah for his great blessings we as a nation should also face the challenges and keep moving in right direction for prosperous future,” he said. On every Independence Day, the physically handicapped, visually impaired and those with mental illness participate in the Jashan-i-Azadi celebrations through buying green and white dresses, flags, bunting, pin badges and many other stuff.

Planning ministry launches survey about fortified foods ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

Ministry of Planning Development and Reform with the support of the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN) and the Oxford Policy Management on Friday launched the Fortification Assessment Coverage Toolkit (FACT) Survey 2018. This survey was undertaken to determine the coverage and likely contribution of fortified foods to micro-nutrient intake among women of reproductive age between 15-49 years and children under five. The survey was also conducted to provide data on household coverage and consumption of fortified foods and availability and quality of fortified foods in the markets. It was observed that salt, oil and ghee were universally consumed by all households (100%) in the three provinces. Coverage of fortifiable salt was relatively high as 84% of household in Balochistan, 75% in Punjab and 98% in Sindh. The coverage of

fortifiable oil or ghee was nearly universal in all provinces (98% to 100%) while the wheat flour was also universally consumed 100% in Balochistan and Punjab while 92% in Sindh. The coverage of the fortifiable wheat flour was considerably lower among households in all three provinces as 52% in Balochistan, 31% in Punjab and 63% in Sindh. Among households that reported consuming a fortifiable form of wheat flour, produced by Chakki mills accounted for 32% of the fortifiable flour consumed in Balochistan, 53% in Punjab and 60% in Sindh. Planning Commission’s Food Security and Climate Change Member Dr Azeem Khan said that food fortification has been a significant public health intervention as the diversity of the food production as well consumption was low and expensive. He assured that the findings and recommendations of this survey would be incorporated in the 12th five-year plan to overcome malnutrition.

Chief Nutrition at Ministry of Planning and SUN Focal Person Muhammad Aslam Shaheen said that this survey would help to document the accomplishments of the ongoing food fortification programmes, identify the potential barriers, provide baseline for future food fortification programmes, guide the current large-scale food fortification programme and help to refine and rework the project interventions in the light of information received from both the service providers and end users. The FACT survey will provide representative data both at national and provincial level and share information of at high-risk populations including women of reproductive age and children in Pakistan. Nutrition Director at Ministry of Planning Dr Baseer Achakzai highlighted that the survey provided evidence that fortification of salt and oil and ghee could have a large impact on the intakes of iodine and vitamin A among young children and women of reproductive age in Balochistan, Punjab, and Sindh.


Saturday, 11 August, 2018

Trump's ‘ArAb NATO’ ideA is dOOmed TO fAil MiDDle eaSt eye


CJ WeRleman

HE United States is reportedly floating plans for a new security alliance with six Gulf Arab states, alongside Jordan and Egypt, to counter Iran's growing presence in the region. Provisionally named the Middle East Strategic Alliance (MESA), some have dubbed it an “Arab NATO” of Sunni Muslim allies. “MESA will serve as a bulwark against Iranian aggression, terrorism, extremism, and will bring stability to the Middle East,” a spokesperson for the White House’s National Security Council told the Reuters news agency. According to White House sources, the US-proposed alliance would deepen cooperation between the eight Arab countries on a range of security issues, including counterterrorism, missile defence and military training, as well as strengthening economic and diplomatic ties. We've heard this one before Like NATO's article 5, which considers an attack against one member state to be an attack against all, collective defence would likely be enshrined into the constitution of an Arab NATO, which would deem an attack by Iran against a member state as an attack against all. US president Donald Trump will no doubt claim

and even believe that not only is this would-be security alliance a product of his genius, but also that it’s never been tried before. Worse, he might even believe it’s not doomed to fail. Plans for an Arab NATO involving the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states Saudi Arabia, UAE, Kuwait, Qatar, Oman, Bahrain - and others in the region are kicked around from time to time, often triggered by the perception of a shared threat. When these countries thought of Islamic State (IS) as the primary threat to regional regime survival in 2014, the six GCC states, along with Morocco and Jordan, talked about consolidating their military capabilities into a fully integrated collective defence alliance. These plans never materialised for a number of reasons, including differing views of the conflict in Syria, Oman’s cordial ties with Iran and Qatar’s support of the Muslim Brotherhood, which is seen as anathema to Egypt’s military junta and the Saudi monarchy. During the latter years of the Cold War, Arab monarchies viewed Soviet-exported Communism and the Iranian Revolution as the primacy security threats to their regimes. Their collective fears were piqued when the Soviet Union invaded Iran’s neighbour, Afghanistan, in December 1979, and then spiked when the war between Iraq and Iran broke out the following year. These events led to the establishment of the Peninsula Shield Force (PSF), which was designed to deter Iran from widening the war front to neighbouring Arab states. PRO-DEMOCRACY REVOLUTION: The PSF collapsed half a decade later,

when member state Iraq invaded member state Kuwait. The failure of the PSF to mobilise against the Iraqi invasion not only led to its demise, but also led members to shun collective security alliances in favour of individual security strategies, with the US becoming the protector of choice. This explains why the total number of US military bases and personnel in the region has ballooned in recent decades. Ultimately, the concept of security is based entirely upon threat perception, with security being defined as the absence of threat to the nation state. Security threats emerging from nearby are considered the most dangerous, but threat perceptions change rapidly - often without warning. For instance, the Arab states had no idea that a prodemocracy revolution was about to sweep the region when a Tunisian street vendor, Mohamed Bouazizi, set himself on fire after a dispute with local authorities on 17 December 2010. Within hours, protests had spread to his hometown. A mere four weeks later, Tunisian dictator Zine El Abidine Ben Ali fled the country, giving birth to the Arab Spring. When Egyptian dictator Hosni Mubarak resigned from office on 11 February 2011, Arab regimes were facing an existential crisis fuelled by liberal democratic solutions for resolving socioeconomic and political injustices. Almost overnight, the threat posed by al-Qaeda to the security of these regimes had been replaced by the threat of democracy. Three years later, that threat would be replaced with the threat posed by IS. With the threat of the terror group essentially mitigated,

Arab states have returned to a fixation on Iran. QATAR BLOCKADE: For a more contemporary example of how quickly collective security alliances can be undone in the Middle East, one can examine the way in which Saudi Arabia has led an Arab blockade against its fellow GCC member Qatar, in retaliation for what the Saudis view as Qatar's all-too-cosy relationship with the Muslim Brotherhood. The Intercept recently learned of a Saudi-led plot to invade and conquer Qatar in 2017. "The plan, which was largely devised by the Saudi and UAE crown princes and was likely some weeks away from being implemented, involved Saudi ground troops crossing the land border into Qatar, and, with military support from the UAE, advancing roughly 70 miles towards Doha," according to the Intercept. This, again, demonstrates how threat perceptions and security concerns of Gulf Arab states are far from being homogenous, and can change quickly. If Iranian-led sectarianism is viewed by the Sunni Gulf Arab states as the primary security threat, then these states would be better served by alleviating the concerns of their Shia minorities and granting equal rights and responsibilities to all their citizens. To this end, the Trump administration is attempting to devise a military solution to a political problem - something that has been tried and failed many times already. It is for these reasons that an Arab NATO is doomed to fail. CJ Werleman is an opinion writer for Salon and Alternet.

How social media breeds social movements

Daily Star, BanglaDeSh Shafiq Rahman

Observers in Bangladesh are still grappling to figure out the sudden and powerful student movement that paralysed the capital city over a demand for safe roads. The movement began when a minister grinned on camera, apparently dismissing the deaths of two college students who were killed by a speeding bus. A video clip of the minister's response went viral in social media and led to a movement the likes of which Bangladesh has never experienced before. It bears a resemblance to all the social media-driven movements that we have seen in other parts of the world in recent years. Social media has connected people from almost every walk of life all over the world. According to an estimate, a whopping 3.3 billion people, about half of the total population of the world, used some form of social media in January 2018. Even though the overall penetration of social media is still low in Bangladesh, ac-

cording to a report by The Daily Star, Dhaka boasts the second largest number of active Facebook users in the world. Users are engaged in a variety of activities, such as maintaining personal connection, getting news, looking for information, finding entertainment. But one particular use of social media—getting engaged socially and politically— needs to be looked into, because it has the potential for positive social change. But apparently, we only see the outrage in social media. For example, Bangladeshi users reacted strongly to the graphic images of protesting students being beaten by those opposing the movement. The recent killing of Teknaf Municipality councillor Akramul Haque created outrage in social media. A host of other incidents including the rape and murder of Tonu in Comilla also captured national attention. We observed social media's role during the trial of some war criminals of the 1971 war of independence. Social media, especially Facebook, Twitter and Youtube, often helped keep the cause for a movement/protest alive. In many cases, the mainstream media were slow to report or respond, but were prodded into action after social media users got louder and angrier. All available evidence suggest that the recent student movement demanding road safety was indeed a social media-driven event. It's similar in nature to other social media-inspired movements. In Iceland and Spain, social media played pivotal roles in spreading anger, organising protests on the streets, and in some cases, bringing about positive outcomes. So, the question is: what makes social media

Bin Salman’s attack on Canada is destroying Saudi’s economy

such a potent force for social mobilisation? Manuel Castells, a Spanish social scientist, has been studying social networking and recent social movements and published books and articles on this. He provides a plausible and comprehensive theoretical explanation of social media's role in social movement. He argues that social media triggers some of the basic human emotions such as anger and fear. Stories of injustice and human sufferings surface in social media in personal frames, accompanied by strong, often provocative images. These stories usually go viral as users share them in their networks. Usually, tech-savvy, young urban populations take leading roles in the ensuing movements. Recent developments in the realm of information and communications technology have shifted the balance of power from government and traditional media to end-users. Social media users have become producers and can convey their messages to networked mass audiences, bypassing the scrutiny of the government and the content editors of traditional media. In other words, the Internet and mobile technologies have greatly democratised public spheres. This democratisation has turned social media into a powerful tool for social movement. However, social media alone cannot trigger a movement. There should be what the scholars call “objective conditions” for any movement to take place. Conditions such as oppression, injustice, lack of freedom, or limited economic opportunity create a fertile ground for social movement. One of the common themes

MiDDle eaSt Monitor alaStaiR Sloan

The Canada-Saudi spat looks set to accelerate as the Kingdom’s central bank ordered its fund managers to withdraw hundreds of millions of dollars in equities, bonds and cash from Canadian financial markets. The Wall Street Journal quickly judged that “the relatively small sell off isn’t expected to carry a major financial impact for Canada.” Then an unnamed “Gulf-based banker” stepped in with the real impact. The move, the banker told the WSJ, “sends a very bad signal to foreign investors…Who will want to invest in a country where such decisions can be taken?” This is the exact problem – economics. Beyond the aesthetics and the ethics, the driving force behind Mohammed Bin Salman’s drive to empower women is economics. Women were already slowly entering the work force and even gaining political office. Yet the urgency of Saudi Arabia needing to diversify away from oil called for a more dramatic intervention. MBS and his advisers knew that this intervention would need to be lifting the ban, which would allow millions of women to commute to and from work much more easily. That is not to say the move was not welcome. It was clearly better to have

women working and driving than not. But giving MBS too much credit for this ignores that MBS remains a contemptuous man-child. His latest tantrum surrounds Canada’s perfectly reasonable denunciation of the persecution of Samar Badawi, who was abused by her father for 15 years and publicly campaigned against the guardianship system which enabled that abuse. She was ironically also a leading figure in the 2011-12 women’s driving campaign. She was arrested again on July 30, then Canadians began tweeting their outrage regarding her human rights infringements. MBS ordered the Canadian ambassador out the country in response. A full trade embargo is now in place. Flights to and from Toronto have been cancelled. All Saudi students must leave Canadian schools, and all Saudi nationals receiving medical treatment inside Canadian hospitals are being transferred to different facilities overseas. Ignored in all this is Badawi is not just a Saudi citizen, she holds an American passport too. Why then do Trump’s gang remain silent, while Trudeau’s people speak out? Canada’s interest in this partly stems from the fact that Samar’s brother, Raif, has a wife, Ensar Haidar, who fled to Canada and was symbolically given Canadian citizenship on July 1, otherwise known as Canada Day, alongside their children. Raif is still however in prison, back in the Kingdom. Badawi’s husband is also a human rights activist – he is also still in prison in Jeddah. When he registered the first overseas human rights organisations concentrating on Saudi Arabia

of social movements today is the general people's dignity. When people's dignity is violated and their cry for justice is ignored by the ruling elite, social movements begin to incubate from within the society. All that is needed then is a dramatic incident to trigger it. In the case of the recent student movement, it was ignited by the video clip of the said minister's smirk and dismissive comments. It can be noted that the Arab Spring began when a Tunisian street vender set himself on fire because he could not provide for his family and experienced repeated police abuse. The image, which was taken by a camera phone, went viral and set in motion a chain of events leading to a historic movement that caused the collapse of some powerful regimes in the Middle East. But the question is: how do social media-driven movements survive? Castells argues that people are driven by anger but at the same time, they are also driven by fear—fear of repercussions. But they overcome that fear thinking that they are not alone; there are others in the networked community that is equally outraged. Thus, social media provides a platform for mobilisation and organisation of protests. Students involved in the recent movement in Bangladesh have reportedly used social media tools for mobilisation and orchestration of the protests. It is surprising that these types of movements can survive for weeks and even months

in 2012, he did so with the Canadian authorities, registering the Monitor for Human Rights in Saudi Arabia with the Canadian Labour Ministry. Crown Prince Bin Salman has gone from being a young bold reformer who re-opened the cinemas and put women back on the road, to arresting one of the key activists against the driving ban and throwing out a Western ally who dared to criticise that decision. Taken alone, this might be seen as a brief tantrum emblematic of his young age. Yet his rash decision-making is the defining characteristic of his reign. Yemen is a product of his impetuousness; the Qatar embargo is the result of his impulsive aggression. His embrace of the Trump administration is as shortsighted as his love of the increasingly far-right government of Israel. He attempted to bully Sweden in 2015 for daring to speak out against Saudi Arabia’s unjust approach to women, apparently to little effect as Canada has felt no risk in doing so later on. Saudi Arabia may punch above its weight on the world stage owing to its vast oil wealth, but it stands to lose much from MBS’ childlike attitude. Diversifying from oil will require foreign direct investment, but as the Wall Street Journal’s anonymous banker points out, knowing that the economic fundamentals of a diversifying Kingdom ultimately rest on how the Crown Prince feels on any particular day is hardly a promising start. As for his measures – they are eerily reminiscent of how he tried to blockade and bully Qatar into submission. That hasn’t worked either. Why does he think Canada will fare any differently?

without any formal organisation and established leadership. Another interesting feature of this type of movement is: the protesters occupy urban spaces and they use the spaces not only to protest but also to create audio-visual materials and share those in their networks. We have seen how the protesting students literally took control of Dhaka's traffic system and recorded hundreds of videos and shared them online. Thus, the occupation of urban spaces and social media creates a symbiotic relation that feeds each other and helps sustain the movements. Over the years, governments have learned how to control social media-inspired movements. Some of the techniques are crude such as shutting down the Internet, blocking certain online platforms and other measures. In some cases, governments use extereme force to suppress the movements. But the protests may always resurface in one way or another unless the underlying issues are resolved. Shafiq Rahman is a Professor of Communication at Chadron State College in Nebraska, USA.


Saturday, 11 August, 2018




AkISTAN Muslim League-Nawaz (PMLN) leader and former lawmaker Hanif Abbasi has been reportedly facing breathing problem due to infected throat tonsils during his stay at Rawalpindi’s Adiala Jail. On July 21, an anti-narcotics court sentenced Abbasi to life imprisonment and absolved seven others giving them ‘benefit of doubt’ in the ephedrine quota case. The verdict, which was announced after a prolonged delay of at least 12 hours, had also disqualified Abbasi from contesting the July 25 elections. According to reports, his condition is very serious after a pollen allergy attack and he has been shifted to jail hospital. Sources inside the jail hospital said that

PPP rejects Fazl’s remarks against institutions: Bilawal KARACHI: Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari refused to support the remarks of Jamiat Ulema-e IslamFazl (JUI-F) chief Fazlur Rehman against the institutions. Bilawal while expressing concerns over Fazlur Rehman’s statement said that his party will only discuss election rigging in opposition’s grand alliance. He directed his party members not to become part of any anti-institution statement and adopt effective demonstration and legal way inside the parliament. Bilawal’s remarks came during PPP’s meeting held a day before. STAFF REPORT

Dalai Lama apologises for remarks on Partition Exiled Tibetan leader Dalai Lama on Friday apologised for his recent remarks blaming Jawaharlal Nehru for Partition, according to Times of India. “My statement has created controversy. If I said something wrong, I apologise,” he said. “Now look at India. I think Mahatma Gandhi was very much willing to give the prime ministership to Jinnah. But Pandit Nehru refused,” the Dalai Lama had said on Wednesday while speaking at a Goa educational institute. The exiled Tibetan leader went on to add how he thought it was a bit self-centred on part of Jawaharlal Nehru to covet the top post, according to Hindustan Times. “I think it was a little bit self-centred attitude of Pandit Nehru that he should be the prime minister. India and Pakistan would have remained united had Mahatma Gandhi’s thinking materialised,” he said. “Pandit Nehru, I know very well, (was a) very experienced person, very wise but sometimes mistakes also happen.” Earlier in May, Uttar Pradesh Minister Swami Prasad Maurya eulogised Jinnah as a “mahapurush” or great man. The minister made the remarks while admonishing a Bharatiya Janata Party MP for criticising Aligarh Muslim University for displaying a photo of Jinnah at the varsity. “It is shameful for anyone to point a finger on great leaders who contributed towards the country’s formation,” he had then said. NEWS DESK

if proper treatment was not possible there, Abbasi could be shifted to any hospital outside. However, no decision has been taken yet on when and where he will be taken, they added. Earlier, PML-N supremo Nawaz Sharif and his son-in-law Capt (r) Safdar were moved from Adiala Jail to Islamabad’s PIMS over health concerns. Both the leaders were convicted and jailed in Avenfield corruption reference. SAFDAR AT PIMS: A five-member medical board of Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS) examined Captain (r) Muhammad Safdar on Friday, a day after he was shifted to the hospital from Adiala jail for treatment of stomach ulcers. The five-member medical board was headed by Head of General Surgery Dr Tanvir khaliq and included Assistant Professor of General Surgery Dr Atif Inam Shami, Assistant Professor Gastroenterology Dr Mashood, Assistant Professor of General Medicine, Dr Fibhaa Syed; and Assistant Professor of Radiology, Dr Mujahid Raza. After reviewing the reports from the previous day, the doctors said that “Safdar’s sugar level is high while his other tests have been sent to the laboratory.”

“Safdar has not eaten the food sent from home and is only drinking water due to a dried throat,” the doctors said, adding, that “Safdar underwent X-ray/ultraviolet (UV) and ultrasound along with tests of stomach, sugar and blood pressure”. According to details, reports stated that Capt (r) Safdar felt pain in his stomach all of a sudden on Thursday when visitors came to see him in the jail. A team of doctors was called from PIMS to check him in jail for almost one hour after he vomited and felt nauseated. The doctors then advised the jail administration to shift him to the hospital. On the advice of doctors, Capt (r) Safdar was shifted to PIMS in an armed personnel vehicle amid tight security. On July 29, three-time ousted prime minister Nawaz Sharif and his daughter Maryam Nawaz were jailed over graft charges. Nawaz was also shifted to PIMS after developing serious cardiac complications. The disqualified prime minister and his daughter Maryam were arrested on July 13, minutes after they returned to the country seeking to revitalise their flagging party ahead of a July 25 national election.

PTV to run marathon transmission on Independence Day ISLAMABAD APP

Ministry of Information Broadcasting, National History and Literary Heritage has made elaborate arrangements to commemorate the Independence Day with zeal by planning a special marathon transmission on Pakistan Television Corporation (PTV). The channels PTV and ATV will run a special transmission on the day while Associated Press of Pakistan (APP) has made arrangements for the coverage of events, seminars, discussions and talk shows in connection with the celebrations. The PTV had made a special campaign to celebrate Independence Day from August 1 to 14. The campaign not only celebrates the struggles of the past but also serves as a call for action to create a better future. “It is time to recognize and appreciate all the strengths and belongings of the country and our own potential to rise as one nation,” a spokesperson of the state-run channel said. The PTV will organise a full day thematic transmission on August 14. The live transmission will start from 8.00 am till midnight. It will be featured with the prominent personalities and celebrities. The segment of the transmission will be focused on the importance of the day. A special teleplay will be aired by the PTV to promote national harmony, peace, brotherhood among the public and highlighting the significance of the Independence. The grand flag hoisting ceremony will be televised live from all channels of PTV as per previous practice. The special show “Salam Pakistan” will be produced from President House, Islamabad. It will have special segments featuring

youth and children highlighting the importance and sacrifices made for Independence. The famous national songs will also be a part of the show. They will be on aired on midnight of August 13. A special show will be produced depicting the efforts and achievements of the youth of Pakistan which bring glory and fame to the country. Moreover, there will be a special quiz show regarding the history of Pakistan and it will be contested by school children. A special show titled ‘All Pakistan Azadi Mushaira’ will be produced with the participation by the prominent poets of Pakistan. Five special documentaries produced by all centers of the PTV depicting the scenic and cultural beauty of Pakistan would also be aired. PAKISTANI, CHINESE ARTISTS TO PERFORM: Pakistan National Council of the Arts (PNCA), National Performing Arts Group (NPAG) and China’s Shaanxi Yulin Coal Sea Art Group would jointly perform on August 14 at PNCA Auditorium to celebrate the Independence Day. Addressing a press conference here on Friday, Director General PNCA Jamal Shah along with officials of China Culture Center and Embassy of China said the event would start with the flute performance by Maestro Salman Adil. He will present a popular folk tune. He said the Chinese artists would present Yangko Dance of Northern Shaanxi dance performance. Other performances include performances of run dance and drum of Northern Shaanxi. “Chinese singer Xue Xiang Fei would present folk songs of Northern Shaanxi,” he added. He said that this collection of outstanding folk songs from North-


A sub-committee of Senate’s Standing Committee on Power put forth a few unique proposals on Friday to curb the electricity theft, which includes the incentive of offering free electricity to mosques if their prayer leaders issue a fatwa (religious decree) against power theft.

According to the proposal prepared by the sub-committee, mosques which will announce a fatwa against the use of stolen electricity will be given the first 400 units of electricity free each month. The fatwa will highlight the repercussions of using stolen electricity in daily life, according to the proposal. In its recommendation, the subcommittee observed that Rs40 billion loss incurred by the PEPCO in the last

six months due to supply of electricity to 80 per cent theft/loss feeders on the direction of the Power Division is not acceptable and in such cases a federal subsidy through zakat or BISP must be provided for these theft bearing feeders. It was also observed that load shedding has to be done on an equitable basis as directed by the Chief Justice of Pakistan in a suo motu case. Therefore, it was recommended that PEPCO should evaluate the provision of two free hours electricity on feeder having theft/loss of more than 80 per cent and saving incurred by not providing 22 hours of electricity to these very feeders.

ern Shaanxi reflects all aspects of social life, carrying feelings of bitterness, joy, love of the people of Northern Shaanxi. It reflects the people’s yearning for a better life, new social life and new identity. Jamal Shah further said that the artists of NPAG would perform bhangra dance, dhole performance, kalash Valley dance, Mehrgarh dance, Sindhi Jhoomer dance, Balti dance and khattak dance. He said violinist Raees Ahmed, who was honoured with Pride of Performance and Sitara-e-Imtiaz, would perform his instrumental popular tunes. EMBASSIES, MISSIONS ABROAD: The Pakistani embassies and missions abroad have also finalised their plans to celebrate Independence Day aiming to portray the positive and soft image of Pakistan. According to an official document, the external publicity wing of the Ministry of Information, Broadcasting and Literary Heritage is dispatching publicity material, including books and CDs to celebrate Independence Day. Flag hoisting ceremony will be held at the premises of Pakistani missions in the morning of August 14 where the messages of the president and the prime minister of Pakistan will be read out. A large number of Pakistani community members including women and children will attend the ceremony. The ambassadors/high commissioners will address the officers and the community members on this occasion, shedding light on the Pakistan movement and acts of heroism by founding fathers of Pakistan, and also on the developments taking place in Pakistan. Popular national songs, tableaus and folk dances will be performed by school children and gifts will be distributed amongst them.

Lt Gen Bukhari appointed as Bahawalpur Corps Commander RAWALPINDI: Lieutenant General Javed Mahmood Bukhari has been appointed Commander Bahawalpur Corps, said a statement issued here on Friday by InterServices Public Relations (ISPR), the media wing of Pakistan Army. STAFF REPORT

NAB to make corruption-free Pakistan, says NAB chairman ISLAMABAD: The National Accountability Bureau (NAB) Chairman Javed Iqbal says NAB is determined to make Pakistan a corruption-free country. Speaking at a meeting here on Friday, he said that NAB’s “Accountability for All” anti-corruption strategy has proved to be outstanding and will continue in the future. He said that NAB’s investigation officers strictly follow the law, standard operating procedures (SOP) and code of conduct in the conduct of complaint verification, inquiries and investigations on merit. Javed Iqbal said that NAB has prescribed the efficient, effective and expeditious disposal of white collar crimes cases; putting a maximum limit of 10 months which is a record as compared to other anti-corruption organisations. STAFF REPORT

Minorities Day today LAHORE: Minorities Day will be observed across Pakistan today (Saturday). In his message, provincial caretaker Minister for Human Rights and Minorities Chaudhary Faisal Mushtaq has said that the objective of observing this day is to highlight the contributions, services, and sacrifices made by the minority communities in nation-building. The minister for human rights and minorities pledged to protect the rights of minority communities in Pakistan. It is the responsibility of government to ensure that every Pakistani citizen lives in peace and with dignity, he added. The provincial minister also said that Quaid’s dream of the country is not based on quantity but rather the quality and equality of citizens. Moreover, he considered religious diversity as a country’s strength. Faisal Mushtaq said that the government is fully aware and conscious of the fact that a major part of the minority population is less privileged. “Special and effective measures are needed for the inclusive empowerment of minorities and to mainstream them as responsible and patriotic citizens,” he said. He further said that the caretaker government has also contributed despite its limitations to make the country a peaceful place of living for the minorities by giving them social rights. He ended by declaring that “we are all proud Pakistanis”. STAFF REPORT

Saturday, 11 August, 2018




APITAL Development Authority (CDA)’s Enforcement and Security Directorate, along with district administration and police, conducted an operation to vacate the Parliament Lodges from former lawmakers on Friday but achieved little success as only 20 out of 52 lodges were vacated. On the directives of Senate Deputy Chairman Saleem Mandviwalla, the CDA Enforcement and Security Directorate had undertaken the task of vacating Parliament Lodges – the official residence allotted to parliamentarians in the red zone – from former lawmakers. It is worth mentioning that the interim government issued notices to

92 former lawmakers to vacate the premises by July 31 so that the lodges could be allotted to newlyelected parliamentarians. CDA Director Security Faheem Badshah, along with Magistrate Abdul Hadi

Quaid’s grandson Nusli wadia lays claim to Jinnah House in Mumbai Industrialist Nusli Wadia has been allowed to step in as petitioner in place of his mother Dina, who died last year, in a decade-old claim for ownership of Jinnah House by the Bombay high court, the Times of India reported on Friday. The bungalow at Mumbai, Malabar Hill belonged to Mohammad Ali Jinnah, Dina’s father. Wadia had approached the high court in 2017 following his mother’s death. His counsel Darius khambata said the son should be permitted to substitute the mother as the petitioner in the 2007 writ filed by her since he is her legal heir and representative. Dina died on November 2, 2017, leaving behind her last will of April 2009 relating to her properties in India. A M Sethna, counsel for the central government, said that since he has not obtained probate, he cannot be substituted as her legal heir and representative. A bench of Justices Ranjit More and Anuja Prabhudessai said: “We are keeping this issue open to be agitated at the time of hearing of the petition.” NEWS DESK

eidul Azha likely on August 22, says Met department LAHORE: The Pakistan Meteorological Department has forecast that Eidul Azha will fall on August 22. The Department said on Friday that the Zil-Haj moon will likely be sighted on August 12. The month’s moon “will be born on Saturday afternoon” and can be viewed on Sunday evening, said the department. Eidul-Azha is likely to be celebrated on August 21 in Saudi Arabia. Eidul Azha is celebrated by Muslims across the world on the 10th day of Zil-Haj and commemorates Prophet Ibrahim’s willingness to sacrifice his son under obedience to God. STAFF REPORT

and police, conducted the operation. Out of 92 parliamentarians to whom notices were issued by CDA, 52 continued to hold possession of the lodges they were allotted. Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz’s

(PML-N) Tallal Chaudhary, Muttahida Qaumi Movement-Pakistan’s (MQM-P) Farooq Sattar, Mehmood khan Achakzai, Ghulam Rabbani, Aftab Ahmed Sherpao Pir Ameenul Hasnaat, Zafar Ullah Jamali Major Tahir Iqbal, Bilal Virk, Maulana Ameer Zaman, Sheikh Aftab Ahmed, Raja Matloob Mehdi, Sheeza Fatima Sardar Jaffar Leghari, Chaudhary Jaffar Iqbal, Abdul Ghaffar Dogar are among the those who continue to hold possession of the lodges. CDA staff faced resistance when they tried to vacate the lodge allotted to former MNA Aslam Bhootani. At the time of filing of this story, CDA had managed to retrieve 35 out of 52 lodges while the staff is planning to continue the operation on Saturday as well. Sources told Pakistan Today that former lawmakers have been given a final notice to vacate the premises by August 13 when the new National Assembly (NA) is expected to take oath. It is also worth mentioning that around 80 parliamentarians who have been re-elected will retain the same lodges.

Establishment Division issues directives for regularisation of govt employees ISLAMABAD ONLINE

Establishment Division has ordered to regularise the employees of federal ministries, divisions and departments. As per media reports, Establishment Division, while taking the notice of non-regularisation, of the civil servants of federal ministries, divisions and departments has ordered to regularise officers and employees. According to the directives of Establishment Division, it has come to notice that federal ministries, divisions and departments are not taking any steps to regularise their officers and low-grade employees on the jobs after the completion of probation period. Ac-

cording to the Employees Act 1973, employees have the right to be regularised in the federal ministries, divisions and departments. They should be regularised on better performance as per clause 7 of the Act. The order has been issued to regularise the officers and employees whose probation is completed. Establishment Division has issued the final seniority list of Grade 20 officers of Pakistan Administrative Services group. The final seniority list of 131 officers has been sent to related officers and ministries. Number one on the seniority list Ahmed Yar khan will retire on January 3, 2019, and the term of service of most junior officer Abdul Wahid Sheikh will complete on August 1, 2029.

MoHR yet to receive names of HR committees’ focal persons from provinces ISLAMABAD: The Ministry of Human Rights (MoHR) has not received the names of focal persons from any province who were to present progress reports of district Human Rights (HRs) committees in order to facilitate the masses. The district committees have started working in Punjab and Sindh while the names of committee members in Balochistan and khyber Pakhtunkhwa (kP) are yet to be finalised. An official of MoHR informed that it had

been decided that a focal person would be nominated from each province who would then share the progress of these committees with the ministry, however, not a single province has followed the procedure yet. “We cannot get the information of their progress unless the focal persons are finalised. The selected persons were supposed to contact all the district bodies of their respective province and prepare a final report”, she told APP. APP



PHC dismisses appeal by indian prisoner seeking cut in jail term PESHAWAR: The Peshawar High Court (PHC) on Friday rejected the appeal of an Indian national who has been imprisoned since 2012, seeking a reduction in his sentence. The petition was filed by Indian national Hamid Nehal Ansari through senior lawyer Qazi Muhammad Anwar and human rights activist Rukhshand Naaz after being awarded the ‘three-year rigorous imprisonment (RI)’ sentence awarded by a military court. In his petition, Ansari informed the court that he travelled to Pakistan via Jalalabad using a fake identity to meet a girl he had met online and was arrested from a hotel in kohat in 2012. “In 2012, Ansari was arrested by a security agency and was found guilty of spying as authorities’ recovered maps and photographs of sensitive installations from his possession,” the prosecution said, adding that, he was provided full security in the jail. Following the hearing of the case, the court observed that the sentence could not be reduced. “The law states that people involved in anti-state activities were not entitled to benefits under Section 382-B of the CrPC,” it was reported. However, PHC directed authorities concerned to deport Ansari immediately after completion of his jail term on December 15, 2018. STAFF REPORT

saudi Arabia to grant scholarships to Balochistan students Saudi Arabian Ambassador to Pakistan Nawaf bin Said Al-Malki on Friday announced that his country would sponsor 50 scholarships which will be granted to the students of Balochistan. The announcement was made during a meeting with Senate Chairman Muhammad Sadiq Sanjrani. According to the Senate spokesperson, the scholarships will be granted to students wishing to pursue undergraduate and graduate studies. The spokesperson said all expenses incurred by the students during the course of their education will be paid for by the Saudi government and the students will also be provided a monthly stipend. In January 2018, during the 11th session of the Pakistan-Saudi Arabia Joint Ministerial Commission (JMC), it was agreed between the two countries to encourage cooperation in the fields of scientific research, exchange of scholarship and experiences in health teaching and medical staff and exchange of student visits. NEWS DESK

Police arrest father, brother of Mastung suicide bomber Police on Friday claimed to have invested the father and brother of the suicide bomber behind the July 13 terrorist attack in Mastung that left149 people including election candidate Nawab Siraj Raisani martyred. The duo was arrested in an intelligencebased raid by Counter Terrorism Department (CTD) at Banaras area, CTD SSP Pervaiz Chandio said at a press conference here on Friday. Chandio said that both the relatives were hiding since the terror incident and were planning to flee to Afghanistan with the rest of family members. The suicide bomber, Hafiz Nawaz, was reportedly part of Daesh and had been affiliated with the Lashkar-eJhangvi as well. Authorities said the suicide bomber detonated in the middle of a compound where the political meeting was taking place. The blast wounded around 150 people, a senior provincial government official confirmed. NEWS DESK

Queen Elizabeth praises Pak Army major NEWS DESK A platoon of cadets at Uk’s Royal Military Academy Sandhurst (RMAS), led by a Pakistan Army major, has been declared as the best platoon of the course for demonstrating outstanding skills, with Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth praising the Pakistani officer for “outstanding achievement,” reported a private media outlet. Major Umar Farooq from Pakistan Army joined British Army’s military academy last year as an instructor — taking over from Major Uqbah who returned to Pakistan in 2017 after serving as the first Pakistani military instructor. According to media reports, Sovereign’s Parade of Commission Course 173 was held on Friday at Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, with Uk’s Chief of

General Staff General Mark Carlton Smith as the chief guest. Major Farooq was platoon commander of the course and trained cadets for over a year. Out of eight platoons, his was declared the best platoon of the course at the ceremony, which was attended by a large number of people, including retired and serving military officers, families of cadets and ambassadors from dozens of countries. Pakistan High Commissioner Sahebzada Ahmed khan attended the parade and congratulated Major Farooq and his platoon for achieving this coveted position. In recognition of his outstanding performance, the Pakistan Army officer has received a letter of appreciation from Her Majesty the Queen. His name has been written on the Sovereign’s platoon board in Royal Military Academy library,

which is an honour for Pakistan Army. An appreciation letter was also sent by the Buckingham Palace to Major Farooq. In it, Queen Elizabeth wrote that she was “delighted to learn that Number 12 Platoon The Somme Company has won the Sovereign’s Banner Competition this term.” “I send my warm congratulations to you, Colour Sergeant R. kirkbrigght THE YORkSHIRE REGIMENT and all members of the Platoon on this outstanding achievement.” Major Farooq is from 44 SP Artillery. Before coming to RMAS, he has served in Pakistan Military Academy kakul as Adjutant and Platoon Commander. At the parade, 173rd Commission Course passed out and two cadets from Pakistan Army were also among the ones completing the course.


Saturday, 11 August, 2018

US slashing security-related aid

Welcoming the new government

A boon for Pakistan?

And keeping close watch


TI’S latest press release, indicating that the oath taking would take place now on aug18 and it would feature prominent friends from across the border, typifies the party’s habit of contradicting itself. Granted, Imran Khan’s struggle has revolutionised Pakistan’s political landscape and despite widespread talk of the establishment’s helping hand it cannot be denied that many, many people voted PTI primarily because of its manifesto. But it is equally true that Imran has gone back on almost all of his principles concerning the battle against the status quo on the way to becoming prime minister. There was a time when Imran claimed he would never take anybody who had benefitted from the past’s corruption into his party. Now he’s gifted the term ‘electable’ to political science jargon by filling PTI with turncoats from everywhere, including big shots he used to talk down on Tv talk shows. He’s also embraced fierce enemies of the past – ‘killers’ he promised he’d bring to justice – just so the premiership is assured. and many of the original, ideological comrades that stood with him through thick and thin are no longer even part of the party. Hopefully PTI will not extend this practice of completely revising its position on crucial points, without the slightest concern, when it comes to implementing the manifesto that got it the votes. Imran must now sift through all his electables and find clean, untainted men and women for the most important and sensitive positions. and he must also fulfil his promise of weeding out corruption from the government machinery. That will, no doubt, disturb many of his favourite electables whose wealth and influence lubricated his campaign besides creating strains within his party and, therefore, government. The new government is welcomed with hopes, indeed, of a Naya Pakistan. But it is also important to keep constant checks on it.

Reaching out to Moscow Russian deputy defence minister’s landmark visit


He nadir of Pak-Russia relations was hit during the Cold War when on May 1, 1960, a CIa U-2 spy plane taking off from a secret facility at Badaber, Peshawar, was shot down deep in Soviet territory and the pilot Gary Powers captured, causing much embarrassment to Washington and earning complicit Pakistan a sharp rebuke from then Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev. The zenith of the formerly marginalised relationship was the Islamabad visit this week by Russian deputy defence minister, meetings with COaS and senior officials of other services, culminating in signing of the groundbreaking ‘Contract on admissions of Service Members of Pakistan in Russian Federations Training Institutes’, which facilitates training of Pakistani officers in Russian military academies, formerly the exclusive preserve of US establishments. The Russia-Pakistan Joint Military Consultative institutionalises future enhanced cooperation. Russian and Pakistan are presently both at the receiving end of Trumpian politics, its hymn of hate, with Pakistan’s security-related US aid drying up on the ‘do more’ pretext and the country’s significant antiterror role basely denigrated in presidential tweets, and Russia facing trade war and sanctions for its alleged role in 2016 US presidential elections and London nerve agent attack on a former Russian spy and his daughter. In sharp contrast to Trump, the Russian guest greatly appreciated Pakistan’s role in stamping out terrorism on its soil, and sought further cooperation to defeat global extremism. Indeed, mutual trust, commonality of interests, convergence of views and fast-forwarding afghan peace have afforded an immense ‘tangible’ fillip to their burgeoning defence partnership. With Washington’s tilt towards India to contain the earlier ‘sleeping giant’, Pakistan desperately needs to diversify its acquisition of sophisticated weaponry. While it received four Russian Mi-35 attack helicopters in 2017, the quest for advanced air defence systems, SU35 aircraft and T-90 tanks will remain hostage to the country’s ability to pay hard cash and India’s clout via still considerable investment in Soviet armaments, such as its 2016 contract worth $5.5 billion for advanced S400 air defence system. Still, two joint training Druzba (Friendship) exercises held in 2016 and 2017, and Russian invitation to Pakistan for the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation’s ‘Peace Mission 2018’ joint military exercise in September, augur well for the future.

Dedicated to the legacy of the late Hameed Nizami

Arif Nizami Editor Aziz-ud-Din Ahmad

Umar Aziz

Asher John

Joint Editor

Executive Editor

Deputy Editor

Lahore – Ph: 042-36300938, 042-36375965


SultAn MehMood hAli


PPaReNTLy, as a demonstration of antipathy towards the incoming government of Pakistan, President Donald Trump initiated a tirade of rhetoric against it. First economic constraints like restrictions on IMF bailout package were recommended and now United States Congress has passed the National Defence authorisation act2019 (NDaa-19) which capped its security-related aid to Pakistan to $150 million, significantly below the historic level of more than $1 billion to $750 million per year. Perhaps the Trump administration is attempting to pressurise Pakistan’s new government, which is poised to take over later this week. US President Donald Trump since assuming office has been tough on Pakistan over its inaction against terror groups. Trump in august last year unveiled his new South asia policy and asked Pakistan to do more against such groups. The US in January 2018 suspended more than $1.15 billion security assistance to Pakistan, accusing it of harbouring terror groups like the afghan Taliban and the Haqqani Network within its border and showing unwillingness to take “decisive actions” against them. The US has also voiced its disapproval of growing Chinese in-

volvement in Pakistan, adding to tensions in bilateral ties. US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo last week had cautioned the IMF against a possible fresh bailout for Pakistan’s new government to pay off Chinese lenders who have invested in the strategic China-Pakistan economic Corridor (CPeC). In his trade wars against Chinese President Xi Jinping, Pakistan is being fired broadsides against as an ally of China. However, this capping of economic aid under the head of security may in fact prove to be a blessing for Islamabad. The new legislation gets rid of the certification requirements for Pakistan’s action against the Haqqani Network or Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) — as was the case in the past few years for disbursement of US aid to Pakistan and it also gets rid of the authority to reimburse Pakistan for counterterrorism. For the past few years, as relations between the erstwhile allies, Pakistan and the US soured, gradually the fund disbursement also started to dry up. The Coalition Support Fund (CSF) was reduced and now stopped altogether. On the other hand, the legislation does away with the onerous reporting requirements and certifications that have, in practice, made it difficult for Pakistan to receive such funds. Instead of bickering or expressing remorse, we should rejoice and perhaps the new government of Pakistan, under its slogan of “New Pakistan”, can refuse the measly $150 million and break the shackles of depending on US aid. In effect, Pentagon has chopped its own hands. It no longer has any tools to put pressure on Pakistan to undertake counter-terrorism activities or action against the Haqqani Network. The latter has been constantly used as whipping boy to beat Pakistan under the precept “give a dog a bad name and hang him.” Bilateral relations between the USa and Pakistan may be low cur-

rently and there may be apprehensions in the minds of the State Department regarding Pakistan’s commitment to the peace process in afghanistan and other issues but hindsight shows that diplomatic ties do not remain constant. If by any chance the ice melts and the US administration decides to resume some form of modest security assistance in the future, it will be authorised by the Congress to do so without having to produce detailed reports and make difficult certifications regarding Pakistan’s support vis-à-vis the Haqqani network and other perceived threats to the United States. In theory, the new funding authority does not permit counter-terrorism assistance, but only assistance related to border security. Defence analysts in Pakistan are sore that despite its huge sacrifices, Pakistan has been castigated and blamed for playing a double game in afghanistan. Many cynics in the US administration allege Pakistan to be clandestinely providing support to factions of the afghan Taliban, who target US assets in afghanistan. The May 2, 2011 elimination of al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden at his secret hideout in abbottabad, close to a military cantonment in Pakistan brought US-Pakistan ties to their lowest ebb. The attack on a Pakistani military check post at Salala on November 25, 2011, in which 25 military personnel of Pakistan army were martyred, infuriated Pakistan, which ordered the closure of the Shamsi air Base in Balochistan and the blockade of the Ground Lines of Communication (GLOC) for NaTO forces in afghanistan via Pakistan. Shamsi air Base was being used to launch drone strikes against miscreants in afghanistan and Pakistan. The US has been retaliating through the constant reduction of military aid to Pakistan as well as a cut in foreign military sales. Contrarily, the US has been cozying up to Pakistan’s arch rival, India. It has signed defence agreements with India and also sold military weapons. Recently, Indo-US ties were tested

because of the Countering america’s adversaries Through Sanctions act (CaaTSa), since New Delhi had announced its purchase of five S-400 Triumf air defence systems from Russia for an estimated $4.5 billion. CaaTSa is a United States federal law that imposed sanctions on Iran, North Korea and Russia. The bill was passed during the 115th Congress, 98–2 in the Senate. On august 2, 2017, President Donald Trump signed it into law. The Indo-Russian defence deal would have placed India in the CaaTSa line of fire but now the US government has bent backwards to provide a renunciation of the law to accommodate India. The US Congress has passed a defence spending bill that seeks to amend CaaTSa to provide waivers to america’s strategic partners like India from punitive sanctions against those doing business with Russia’s defence industry. The CaaTSa waiver that the Congress has made available to India in the 2019 National Defence authorisation act (incongruously the same NDaa 2019 curtailed security-related US aid to Pakistan) should provide ample flexibility for New Delhi to proceed with the purchase of the Russian S-400 system. The US Congress has made use of a loophole in the language of the CaaTSa legislation to benefit India. The loophole that allows President Donald Trump to benefit India is to certify that a country is “cooperating with the United States government on other matters that are critical to United States’ strategic national security interests. This waiver signals a strong favour to India from the US which is a clear duality of standards on part of US as regards to Pakistan. Irrespective of India, we should stop being sore losers and consider this legislation as a mixed blessing for Pakistan. Over the longer term, that could prove to be a win for Islamabad. Sultan Mehmood Hali is a retired Group Captain and author of the book Defence & Diplomacy. Currently he is a columnist, analyst and TV talk show host.

The reason they protest Give them their rights

Ali SukhAnver


ave you ever been to Pakistan?” I frankly asked the girl clad in a flowery bathing suit, ready to wade into the sea water. We were staying there at Sharm-el-Sheikh, an egyptian resort town between the desert of the Sinai Peninsula and the Red Sea. That place is known for its sheltered sandy beaches, clear waters and coral reefs. It was two years back when I had an opportunity of attending an international conference there. She, a lawyer by profession, was also one of the participants. a big ‘No’ was her reply. “Pakistan is a land of suicide-bombers, extremists, militants and terrorists,” she further said. I simply smiled at her innocence and asked, “Who told you?” She said, “The newspapers, the Tv Channels and the social media.” I placed my hand on her shoulder and said, “Look at me. Do you find anything terrorist-like in me; do you feel any tinge of militancy in me; do you think I could be a suicide bomber?” again a big ‘No’ was the answer. Before diving into the water, she softly whispered with smiling eyes, “Gentleman, your gentleness is dragging me to Pakistan.” That was our last day there; I could never meet her again but those three days spent with her taught me a precious lesson; never ignore the importance of impression we leave on others. The words we utter, the thoughts we express and the pictures we paint for others have an immortal effect on the global society. This tiny world of us has confined itself to the android cellular toy in our pocket. Nothing is secret and nothing covert. Karachi – Ph: 021-35381208-9


Soon our dictionaries would be missing the word ‘secrecy’. The fact of the matter is that we all are standing in the very centre of a market-place where shoulders are touching shoulders. Just say something and see it spread on and on. So, we have to be very careful even when whispering. The other side of the picture is that the mischief mongers, whether they are in media or in politics or in any other social set-up, exploit this closeness for their own vested interests. Usually this exploitation is termed as ‘propaganda-exploitation’ and the exploiters commonly use it for negative motives. Unfortunately, the countries like Pakistan are the worst victim to this ‘propaganda-exploitation’ and the worst example of this exploitation, one could see at different Indian Tv channels and in Indian newspapers. The diseased brains behind this exploitation seem in a state of pain and agony after the peaceful and successful completion of election process in Pakistan. Seems they were ‘hoping’ for something like semi-martial-law in the country or they thought they would get an opportunity of maligning the prodemocratic face of the Pakistan army if the terrorists succeeded in delaying the election process but luckily nothing like that could happen. Now those mischief-mongers are in search of new avenues of their own desires. With the help of their facilitators in Pakistan they are trying to float an idea that the relationship between Imran Khan and the Pakistan army would soon end up in fiasco because Imran Khan has started talking about friendship between Pakistan and India. These mischief-mongers are simply trying to spread an impression that the Pakistan army is always in a capacity of creating hurdles in the way to democracy. Spreading this type of disinformation about the Pakistan army and other security institutions of Pakistan, including the ISI, is nothing new. Particularly the ISI has ever been the most favourite target for the Indian media. On 4th of this august, a report was published in different Indian newspapers which said, “While

Islamabad – Ph: 051-2204545




Pakistan prime minister-elect Imran Khan talks about friendship with India, the country’s spy agency, the Inter-Services Intelligence, is building up elaborate plans to embarrass India during 71st Independence Day functions in London”. The report blamed that the ISI is using discredited Khalistani groups to further its agenda and backing them to organise pro-Khalistan rally in London during India’s Independence celebrations. The report alleged that a team from Pakistan, headed by abbas Rana, is visiting Surrey and meeting pro-Khalistani groups to hold anti-India protests and raise Khalistan issue on the occasion. If the Kashmiris or the Sikhs are planning to register their protest in London, it is purely a personal issue of theirs. They along-with so many others from the Naxalites, from the Dalits and countless from the low-caste Hindus have been facing the worst kind of human-rights violations at the hands of narrow-minded Hindu extremists. To raise their voices in protest against these atrocities is their basic right and certainly they do not need any support from the ISI. If a pro-Khalistan group ‘Sikhs for Justice’ plans to hold a joint press conference with Kashmiri freedom seekers in London, what has the ISI to do with this activity? It is the right of the Sikhs to get support of the other crushed ones of India for the success of their expected Khalistan Referendum 2020. even last year, in the same days, the Sikhs and Kashmiris had registered their protest in London and same was the blame game played by the Indian media against the ISI and Pakistan. Instead of blaming Pakistan and instead of searching the links of ISI in every matter, the Indian media must try to tell the Indian government that human rights violation is the actual reason which compels the crushed ones to raise their voices of protest at international forums. Just give the Kashmiris, the Sikhs and the Naxalites their right of self-determination and shower honour and respect onto the Dalits and other low-caste communities, the storm of protest and remonstration would simply settle down. Ali Sukhanver is a freelance journalist.



Saturday, 11 August, 2018

Editor’s mail

Send your letters to: Letters to Editor, Pakistan Today, 4-Shaarey Fatima Jinnah, Lahore, Pakistan. E-mail: Letters should be addressed to Pakistan Today exclusively

Quaid’s vision: A people’s government

Human rights violations in Kashmir UN should not remain passive

dr GhulAM nAbi FAi


aSHMIR is one of the most idyllic settings in the world. a picturesque valley located between Pakistan, India, afghanistan, China and with a small strip of 27 miles with Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, Kashmir is a natural paradise. The history of the freedom of Kashmir dates back to 1931 when the people, both Hindus and Muslims, initiated a freedom movement against the then Maharaja (ruler) to have their own indigenous rule. The resentment of the people led to the ‘Quit Kashmir’ campaign against the Maharaja in 1946. Faced with the insurgency of his people, the Maharaja fled the capital, Srinagar, on October 25, 1947 and arranged that India send its army to help him crush the rebellion. India, coveting the territory, set the condition that Maharaja must sign an ‘Instrument of accession’ to India. at the same time, India had to attach another condition that accession was made subject to ‘reference to the people.’ On India’s showing, therefore, the accession has a provisional character. Then India brought the dispute to the United Nations where the Security Council discussed the question exhaustively from January to april 1948. It was agreed upon by the governments of India and Pakistan and approved by the international community that the dispute over the status of Jammu and Kashmir can be settled only in accordance with the will of the people which can be ascertained through the democratic method of a free and impartial plebiscite. By adopting a number of resolutions from 1948 to 1962, reaffirming the principle of free choice for the people of Kashmir, the Security Council – and, therefore the United Nations – has assumed a moral responsibility to ensure that conditions in Kashmir will permit the exercise of that choice. To disown that responsibility would expose the world organisation to the charge of making hollow promises and,

indeed, deceiving a population which is larger than that of many Members of the United Nations individually. The people of Kashmir never lost hope either in the United Nations as the custodian of human rights, or in their demand to exercise the right of self-determination. The scale of the popular backing of the uprising in Kashmir can be judged from the established fact that on many occasions during the month of July-august 2018, virtually the entire population of Srinagar and major towns in the valley came out on the streets in an unparalleled demonstrations to protest the attempt by the government of India to scrap the article 35 a of the Indian constitution, which gives the special rights and privileges to the state subject of Jammu and Kashmir. article 35 a also bars foreigners from buying the land or to acquire immovable property, etc, in the state. The Joint Resistance Leadership and other legal, religious and business fraternities believe that the abrogation of this constitutional provision is a conspiracy to change the demographic composition of the state. However, the Supreme Court of India adjourned the hearing of article 35-a till august 27, 2018. In response to peaceful demonstrations, much inhumanity, continuous violations of basic rights, frequent massacres, constant fear, hunger and misery are among the responses of the Indian government. For the South asian subcontinent, the Kashmir situation entails recurrent possibility of disaster and nuclear war. There is a way to bring these atrocities to an end. The way is that the Secretary General of the United Nations uses its moral and legal authority to invoke peaceful dialogue between the governments of India and Pakistan along with the legitimate representatives of the people of Kashmir for the final settlement of the dispute. The Charter of the United Nations empowers the Secretary General to bring any matter which may threaten the maintenance of internal peace and security to the attention of

the Security Council. In accordance with the universally accepted principle that no situation should be allowed to escalate to a point of no return and that the United Nations should not remain passive in the face of human wrongs being committed on a vast scale, the people of Kashmir expect the Secretary General will not hesitate to exercise his discretion and put the Kashmir issue on the active international agenda. Should the Secretary General feel that the factual data at his disposal does not justify the use of his power under article 99 of the UN Charter, we respectfully propose that he urgently dispatch a special representative of high international standing to India and Pakistan who should visit both parts of Kashmir and report back to the Security Council the facts of the situation. In fact, ‘United Nations High Commissioner on Human Rights’ has also recommended sending a fact-finding mission to Kashmir to assess the situation there. If India feels that it has nothing to hide, it should welcome such action. We feel confident that the Secretary General of the United Nations will not encourage any party to an international dispute which has been taken cognizance of by the United Nations to circumvent and rebuff the world organisation. It should be one thing for the United Nations to remain inactive if an alternative and credible peace process were in motion. It is another when not even the beginning of an effort towards arriving at a settlement bilaterally between the parties or through mediation by friendly governments is visible. To put it plainly, the present situation is that the United Nations is allowing its resolutions to be dishonoured and the people of Kashmir to be condemned to systematic destruction. The people of Kashmir deserve better.

Should the Secretary General feel that the factual data at his disposal does not justify the use of his power under Article 99 of the UN Charter, we respectfully propose that he urgently dispatch a special representative of high international standing to India and Pakistan

Dr Ghulam nabi Fai is Secretary General of World kashmir Awareness. He can be reached at: 1-202-607-6435 or

STaNLey Wolpert paid tributes to the Quaid in following words, “Few individuals significantly alter the course of history. Few still modify the map of the world. Hardly anyone could be credited with creating a nation State. Muhammad all Jinnah did all three”. True, the Pakistan resolution was not over-night exploit of a single figure. It was culmination of the series of event; and movements that converged into the idea of Pakistan: Muhammad bin Qasim established the first Muslim state in the sub-continent in 712-715 aD. Shahab-ud-Din Ghouri wrote to Prithvi Raj in 1192 aD that the latter should cede the Muslim-majority areas of the Punjab, NWFP and Sindh to him or be prepared for a war at Tarain battlefield (page 101, tareekh-e-farishta). after Qasim, Qutub-ud-Din aibak and the Moghul established their rule in India. There were 76 Muslim rulers who ruled over India for about 690 years. Since early 1870s, there were several movements, which asserted ‘Muslim nationhood’. They covered a broad spectrum of Muslim religious, educational, cultural and political life aligarh Movement (1870s), the Mohammedan educational Conference, the Urdu Defence association (1900), the demand for separate electorates, the foundation of the Muslim League, the Muslim university movement (1910), the pan-Islamic movements beginning with Italy’s raid on Tripoli (1911) and ending with the Khilafat movement (1918-24), and the Kanpur Mosque agitation (1913). From Sir Syed ahmed Khan to the Quaid-e-azam, all the Muslim leaders kept striving for Hindu-Muslim amity. The Quaid began his political career by attending Congress meeting, for the first time on July 28, 1904. Thereafter he struggled for about three decades for the rights of Muslim whom he regarded as a ‘minority’, rather than a nation. On October 27, 1945, the Quaid said at ahmedabad, “Pakistan is the question of life and death for us. I shall live and die for Pakistan.” “The moon of Pakistan is shining and we shall reach it” (Dawn, October 28, 1945). “We must get Pakistan at any cost. For it we live and for it we will die.” (November 24, 1945, Mardan). “Without Pakistan, there is only death for Muslims.” (February 24, 1946, Calcutta). Did the Quaid have any concept of Pakistan? What was his vision? The architect of Pakistan had a dream; he visualised a welfare state. He had conceived Pakistan based on foundations of social justice and Islamic socialism which stress equality and brotherhood of man. Like allama Iqbal, he was concerned with the problem of poverty and backwardness among Muslims for the eradication of which they looked, on the one hand, to the urges of dynamism, struggle and creativity in Islam and, on the other, to the Islamic principle of distributive justice. Mr Jinnah’s speech at the 30th session of the Muslim League during the freedom struggle reflected his vision. “It will be a people’s government. I should like to give a warning to the landlords and capitalists who have flourished at our expense by a system which is so vicious, which is so wicked and which makes them so selfish that it is difficult to reason with them. The exploitation of the masses has gone into their blood. They’ve forgotten the lesson of Islam. Greed and selfishness have made these people subordinate to the interests of others in order to fatten themselves…If they’re wise they’ll have to adjust themselves to the new modern conditions of life. If they don’t, God help them; we shall not help them.” Has the Quaid’s vision been translated into reality? M ASAD Rawalpindi

Sycophancy: Our national trait? HISTORy tells that inability of our leaders to call a spade a spade harmed our country irretrievably. In Preface to Jamsheed Marker’s book Covert Point (page xiii), Stanley Wolpert says, “With the exception of incorruptible Quaid-e-azam Mohammad ali Jinnah and the Muslim League Lieutenant Liaquat ali Khan, all of Pakistan’s most powerful leaders ‘succumbed’ in increasingly pernicious fashion, to the malign and pervasive influences of sycophancy and flattery’. “Pakistan launched from one corrupt and megalomaniac leader to another: first Za Bhutto, whose ‘actions and policies have done the most damage to Pakistan… he drove the country to two wars and a messy breakup (ibid p xv)”. even Liaquat made mistakes. But, sycophants did not point them out bluntly. Marker recalls ‘Liaquat’s greatest failure was delay in framing the constitution. In India, Nehru had completed the task by 1950 and had the many of free elections in 1951.” Quaid-e-azam…on a visit to east Bengal declared in Dacca that Urdu will be the only state language of Pakistan…Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, then a university student, was among those who raised protest slogans and was placed under detention’. Mujeeb was chief Whip of Mohtarma Fatima Jinnah at Dacca. She won from Dacca but was a loser in West Pakistan. This event exacerbated Mujeeb’s rancour against military rulers. Bengali Resident Director of the Pakistan Council for National Integration (library) resented, ‘Here we have a whole section of books on yOUR Quaid-e-azam’. Pointing to Muraqqa-e-Urdu (Ghalib verses), he asked, ‘Have you published any such work on a Bengali poet”? (ibid.pp.7-8). Mujeeb was chief Whip of Mohtarma Fatima Jinnah at Dacca. She won from Dacca but was a loser in West Pakistan. This event exacerbated Mujeeb’s rancour against military rulers. Before he left for West Pakistan on March 25, 1971, Major General Rao Farman ali ‘handed a draft speech’ to yahya. Its main points were (a) Muneer should not be branded a traitor a patriot in the hands of extremists. (b) Mujib has not been arrested for any crime but only taken into protective custody. (c) The speech should clearly spell out a quantum of provincial autonomy for east Pakistan’. yes-manship is warrant for personal success in services and politics. But, at what national cost? AEiMEn MALik islamabad


Saturday, 11 August, 2018

CoaLITIoN aNNoUNCeS YemeN aIr raId probe, HoUTHIS reporT 40 CHILdreN kILLed SANAA/DUBAI/GENEVA



Saudi-led Arab military coalition said on Friday it would investigate an air strike that killed dozens of children in Yemen, an apparent shift of stance on an attack Riyadh has portrayed as a legitimate action against its Houthi foes. At least 40 children were killed in Thursday's strike on a bus in northern Yemen, the armed Houthi group which controls Yemen's capital said. That raised the toll of children killed in the raid from 29. The strike by the Western-backed alliance of Arab countries outraged human rights groups and was strongly condemned by UN officials. Henrietta Fore, executive director of the UN Children's Fund UNICEF, said the "horrific" attack marked "a low point in (Yemen’s) brutal war". People in Saada started to dig graves in preparation for funerals to be held on Saturday.

"God may give us patience," said Hussein Hussein Tayeb who lost three sons on the bus, on a trip with other pupils to visit a mosque and tombs. "I was one of the first to arrive on the scene, seeking to rescue the wounded; I lifted a body and I found that it was Ahmed's face. I hugged him, he was my son." Ahmed was 11. His brothers Yusef and Ali were 14 and 9. The United Nations called for an

independent investigation of the raid which hit the bus as it drove through a market of Dahyan, a town in the Houthis' home province of Saada. A Reuters TV crew saw boys injured in the strike lying on beds in the Dahyan hospital, many with their heads wrapped. The face of one was covered in lacerations. The Arab states carried out new air strikes on Friday, killing a girl and injuring several other people whose

home was targeted in the Marib province, east of the capital Sanaa, the Houthis' al-Masirah TV said. Announcing the investigation into the strike on the bus, the Saudi Press Agency quoted an alliance official as saying: "The coalition is firmly committed to investigating all claims regarding mistakes or violations of international law, to sanction those who caused these incidents and to provide assistance to the victims." The Saudi-led Arab alliance, whose members receive Western political support and buy billions of dollars a year in arms from the United States, Britain and France, has been fighting for three years to drive out the Houthis, Iran-aligned fighters who pushed a Saudi-backed government out of the capital in 2014. Yemen is the poorest country in the Arabian peninsula, and the United Nations says the war has created the world's most urgent humanitarian disaster, with millions of people totally dependent on aid and at risk of famine if supply lines are cut.

Two cops among four killed in Canada shooting

UK voters should make final Brexit decision if talks collapse: poll

TORONTO: Four people, including two police officers, were killed in a shooting in the eastern Canadian city of Fredericton and one person was taken into custody, police said on Friday. Police in Fredericton, a city of about 56,000 that is the capital of the province of New Brunswick, said in a post on Twitter that the incident was under investigation and there were multiple fatalities. Another police tweet said two of the four people killed were police officers but gave no details and did not release the names of the victims. Local media images showed emergency vehicles converged on a treelined residential street. Gun laws in Canada are more strict than in the United States but a proliferation of weapons has led to an increase in gun crimes in recent years. "Awful news coming out of Fredericton," Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said on Twitter. "My heart goes out to everyone affected by this morning’s shooting. We’re following the situation closely." Three Royal Canadian Mounted Police officers were killed and two more were wounded in 2014 in Moncton, New Brunswick, about 195 km (121 miles) from Fredericton, in one of the worst incidents of its kind in Canada. agencies

LONDON: If Brexit talks break down without a deal, half of Britons believe the final decision over whether to leave the European Union should be taken by the public in a referendum, according to a survey of more than 10,000 people published on Friday. The YouGov poll, conducted July 31-Aug. 7 and commissioned by the pro-referendum "People's Vote" campaign, found 45 percent of voters supported holding a new referendum whatever the outcome of talks with the EU, while 34 percent opposed it. If negotiations with the EU fail to produce a trade deal, 50 percent said the public should vote on whether to leave the bloc anyway, while 25 percent said lawmakers should decide by voting in parliament. "Across the spectrum, the message from voters in this survey is clear: if the government and parliament can’t sort out Brexit, the people should," said Peter Kellner, a former president of YouGov. With less than eight months until Britain is due to leave the EU, Prime Minister Theresa May has yet to find a plan for future ties that pleases both sides of her divided party

Lebanese diva breaks taboo with clip announcing cancer fight BEIRUT: It was an unusual way to reveal a struggle against cancer, particularly in a part of the world where the illness is still largely considered a private matter and taboo. But a video clip released on Twitter is how Lebanese singer Elissa chose to share the news with her fans and millions of followers on social media. "You are the reason I am strong and healthy ... you are my strength. And this story is a thank you," she posted, along with the song uploaded on YouTube entitled: "For all those who love me." The video clip begins with a woman inside an MRI machine and someone saying 'It's an early stage of breast cancer,' and goes on to show the 45-year-old singer in various situations at a hospital, with doctors and surrounded by friends. It features a voiceover of Elissa speaking about her battle. The response was overwhelming from fans, celebrities and politicians across the Arab world who posted, tweeted and retweeted messages of support. The video clip has garnered more than seven million views from fans and supporters since it was posted on Tuesday. agencies

and is acceptable to negotiators in Brussels. She has proposed a compromise that would keep Britain in a free trade zone with the EU for manufactured and agricultural goods, which would still have to comply with some EU rules. Some in her party want closer ties; others favor a cleaner break. Finance minister Philip Hammond, known as a supporter of close EU ties, said on Friday that under May's proposal he expected the economy would "grow at broadly the rate that it would have done had we remained in the European Union". The treasury has previously forecast that other scenarios, all involving a cleaner break, would harm growth. "The chances are that we will get a trade deal, I expect that to be the outcome but I recognize that there is a possibility that it doesn't happen," Hammond told reporters during a visit to central England. The YouGov poll showed May's proposal has yet to win popular support with either side. Faced with a three-way choice between remaining in the EU, leaving with no deal or accepting May's proposal, 40 percent favored remaining, 27

percent wanted to leave without a deal and just 11 percent favored the deal. London and Brussels seek a final deal in October to give time to ratify it. At the weekend British trade minister Liam Fox said he saw a 60 percent chance of a "no-deal" Brexit, which would see the world's fifthlargest economy quit the EU on March 29, 2019 without a trade agreement. Sterling slid to its lowest level in more than a year on Friday, bringing its loss since Monday to 1.9 percent, on concerns Britain could leave the EU without a deal. May has repeatedly ruled out another public vote on Brexit, saying the public spoke at a June 2016 referendum, when 51.9 percent backed leaving and 48.1 percent wanted to stay. Goldman Sachs said it believed May would clinch a deal on access to EU markets for goods and get it passed by parliament, though a disorderly exit remained possible. The YouGov poll found 74 percent of those questioned believed the negotiations were going badly, and 68 percent thought that made it likely Britain would get a bad deal. agencies

UN says 1 million children at risk in Syria's Idlib BEIRUT: A battle between Syrian government forces and rebels for the northwestern Idlib province could affect the lives of more than 1 million children, many of whom live in refugee camps, the UN's children's agency warned on Friday. Food, water, and medicine are already in short supply in the largely rural province, which is now home to over 1 million Syrians displaced from their homes by government offensives in other parts of the country, said UNICEF. The agency said a battle for Idlib, the last major bastion for Syria's political and military opposition, would exacerbate an already dire humanitarian situation there and potentially displace 350,000 children. Syria's government dropped leaflets across the province on Thursday, urging residents to reconcile with its rule. Officials have warned that government forces will take back the province by force if necessary. There are 2.9 million people living in Idlib and surrounding opposition-held areas, according to UN estimates. "War cannot be allowed to go to Idlib," said Jan Egeland, a top UN humanitarian adviser on Syria. The UN has appealed on Turkey to open its border to refugees, should the Syrian government decide to attack the province, Egeland said. Turkey, which has established itself as a sponsor of rebels in northern Syria, already hosts some 3.5 million Syrian refugees — the most of any nation. It has also established 12 monitoring posts in Idlib and deployed 1,000 troops in the province. Locals hope their presence will deter the Syrian government from attacking. Syria's civil war has killed at least 400,000 people, according to monitors. More than 11 million — or half of Syria's pre-war population — have been displaced from their homes, according to the UN, including some 5.6 million who have been made refugees abroad. agencies

Japan queries all medical schools on gender discrimination TOKYO: The Japanese government launched an investigation Friday into whether the nation's medical schools have discriminated against female applicants, following revelations that one had done so for more than a decade. The Education Ministry sent a questionnaire to all medical schools asking them for six years of data on the genders and ages of all applicants, those who passed the entrance exam and those who were admitted. The questionnaire also asks if the schools took the precaution in this year's exam of masking the IDs of applicants including their names, ages and genders in deciding whether they passed. The ministry set a deadline of Aug. 24 for responses. A Tokyo medical school released an internal investigation earlier this week that confirmed media reports that it had altered entrance exam scores to limit the number of female students. Tokyo Medical University said it believed female doctors would shorten or halt their careers if they had children, affecting hospital staffing. Medical graduates in Japan usually work at school-affiliated hospitals after completing their training. Education Minister Yoshimasa Hayashi told a news conference Friday that the rigging of scores at Tokyo Medical University was "extremely inappropriate and a serious matter that eroded trust in universities," according to Japan's Kyodo News service. The manipulation came to light during an investigation into allegations that the school admitted the son of an education ministry official in exchange for favorable treatment for the school in obtaining research funds. The bureaucrat and the former head of the school have been charged with bribery. The investigation found that the school reduced all applicants' first-stage test scores by 20 percent this year and then added at least 20 points for male applicants, unless they had failed at least four times previously. agencies

Britain in frenzy over Boris Johnson's burqa comments LONDON: In a quiet summer week, a disparaging quip about the burqa by exforeign secretary Boris Johnson has sparked a frenzied debate in Britain drawing in religion, politics and Brexit. The former London mayor wrote a column in the Daily Telegraph newspaper on Monday saying the full Muslim face veil should not be banned but women who wear it look like "letter boxes" and "bank robbers". The comment prompted a frenzy of reaction, with campaigners accusing Johnson of encouraging Islamophobia. Brandon Lewis, the chairman of the ruling Conservatives, asked him to apologise and the party launched an investigation after receiving dozens of complaints. But some Tory MPs defended Johnson's right to speak out, while he also drew support from some unexpected areas. "Mr Bean" and "Blackadder" star Rowan Atkinson noted on Friday that

"all jokes about religion cause offence", and apologies were only required where the joke was not funny. In the letter pages of The Times, meanwhile, Muslim scholars sparred over whether the niqab and burqa had a basis in the Koran, and veiled British women were interviewed on live TV. Britain's top police officer, Cressida

Dick, was even asked whether Johnson may have committed a hate crime, concluding that he had not, even if many people found his words "offensive". Johnson let it be known he would not be apologising, with a source close to him saying it was important to "speak up for liberal values". He publicly said nothing and is now on holiday.

Some critics suspect him of deliberately creating controversy at a time when, with the British parliament in recess, political reporters are desperate for something to write about. A colleague at the Telegraph, for whom Johnson has worked on and off for decades, said he often wrote his articles at the last minute, without thinking too much about it. But critics accuse him of wooing right-wing Conservatives with a populist message about Muslims, with an eye on a future party leadership contest. Johnson resigned from the government last month in protest at Prime Minister Theresa May's plans for Brexit, a move that won him support among many Conservative activists. The eurosceptic Daily Mail newspaper reported Friday that the vast majority of its readers support his stance on the burqa, with 19 out of 20 letters received offering their backing. agencies


Saturday, 11 August, 2018




HINA's aid to countries in the Pacific has no political strings attached and is not aimed at any third party, the country's foreign ministry said on Friday, after a think-tank said China has become the second-largest aid donor in the South Pacific. China's $1.3 billon-worth of donations and concessionary loans since 2011 trails Australia's $6.6 billion, figures compiled by Australia's Lowy Institute show, but it is more than New

Zealand's $1.2 billion. Spending by China, criticized by many of its neighbors for island building in the South China Sea, is almost 9 percent of total aid donations in the South Pacific. If pledged aid is included, China's promises total $5.9 billion, or nearly a third of all aid pledged to the region's 14 countries by 62 donors. "As a developing country, China fully understands the special difficulty Pacific island countries face in achieving sustainable development," the ministry said in a statement sent to Reuters. China "provides what aid it can on the basis of respecting the wishes of the

Gaza ceasefire holds after twoday flare-up, protests expected GAZA/JERUSALEM: The Israel-Gaza border was quiet on Friday after an Egyptian-brokered truce ended a surge in violence that had shaken southern Israel and the Gaza Strip for two days. But the ceasefire will face its first test later in the day, as Palestinians in Gaza planned on resuming weekly border protests, which at times have become violent. After a quiet night, Israel's military told residents in the south, who had spent much of the past two days in rocket shelters, they could return to their daily routines. A rise in crossborder rockets and air strikes in recent weeks has prompted the United Nations and Egypt to try to broker a truce to prevent another all-out conflict. Since the escalation on Wednesday, Palestinian militants fired scores of rockets including a long-range missile deep into Israel and Israeli aircraft struck more than 150 targets in Gaza. A pregnant Palestinian woman and her 18-month-old child were killed in the Israeli attacks, as was a Hamas militant. Seven people were wounded by Palestinian rockets and mortars that struck Israel. Palestinian officials said a truce had been reached with Egyptian mediation. There was no formal comment from Israel, which rarely acknowledges reaching any such agreement with Hamas. Hamas, an Islamist group designated by most Western countries as a terrorist organization, has fought three wars with Israel in the past decade. With the ceasefire holding, organizers of border protests against Israel drove through streets of Gaza with loudspeakers, calling for a massive attendance. agencies

Nationalist cleric Sadr wins Iraq vote recount

island nations without attaching any political conditions, vigorously promoting socio-economic development", it added. "China's aid is aimed at promoting the well-being of the people of the island nations, and strengthening their ability to develop sustainably, without seeking any personal gain, and it is also not aimed at any third party," the ministry said. The Lowy numbers, which do not include New Zealand contributions since March 2017, also show China jostling with Taiwan to use aid money as a means of cultivating diplomatic ties in region home to a third of Taiwan's allies. China considers self-ruled and dem-

ocratic Taiwan to be merely a wayward province, with no right to diplomatic relations. China "hopes the relevant side abandons 'zero sum thinking' and unprovoked suspicion, and does more to benefit peace, stability and development for Pacific island nations", the ministry added, without elaborating. Australia and the United States have begun a new campaign to counter China's rising influence in the Pacific. Australia on Thursday promised radio gear and help to build parliament offices in Samoa's capital of Apia, the latest pledge of aid in the Pacific Islands where China and Australia have been ramping up tit-for-tat donations.

North Korea will preserve knowhow despite denuclearisation: FM

TEHRAN: North Korea will preserve its nuclear know-how despite its promise of denuclearisation to the United States, Foreign Minister Ri Yong Ho said during a visit to Tehran, Iranian media reported on Thursday. Despite the agreement to denuclearise the Korean peninsula struck during a landmark summit between North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un and US President Donald Trump, "we preserve our nuclear science as we know that the Americans will not abandon their hostility toward us," Ri said, according to the conservative Mehr news agency.

"Dealing with Americans is difficult, and as our main goal is total disarmament of the whole Korean Peninsula, it is necessary that the Americans also abide by their commitments but they refuse to do so." At the June summit with Trump, Kim made a vague commitment to denuclearisation -- far from the longstanding US demand for the complete, verifiable and irreversible dismantling of Pyongyang's atomic arsenal. Ri was meeting with Iran's influential parliament speaker Ali Larijani on the third day of an official visit.

"The Americans utter beautiful words when negotiating and promise a very bright future but they deliver on none of their commitments when it comes to action," Larijani said. Ri arrived in Tehran on the same day as the United States reimposed sanctions after abandoning a 2015 nuclear deal between major powers and Iran. The other five parties to the deal agree with UN inspectors that Iran has been abiding by its commitments, but Trump has said repeatedly it is "a horrible deal" and announced he was abrogating it in May. agencies

BAGHDAD: Nationalist Shiite cleric Moqtada Sadr's alliance won Iraq's May parliamentary election according to a manual recount, the electoral commission said Friday, paving the way for a government to be formed nearly three months after the vote. Allegations of fraud prompted the supreme court to order a partial manual recount, but Sadr's joint list with communists will retain all 54 seats it won to become the biggest bloc in Iraq's 329-seat parliament. The only substantive change resulting from the recount will be an extra seat for the Conquest Alliance of pro-Iranian former paramilitary fighters at the expense of a local Baghdad list. The Conquest Alliance remains in second place but will have 48 seats instead of 47, Iraq's nine-member electoral commission said. Other changes were confined to a handful of alterations to the standings of candidates within party lists. Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi's bloc remains in third with just 42 seats. After the supreme court officially announces the final results, the outgoing president has 15 days to convene parliament, which must then elect a new head of state and begin the process of forming a coalition government and settling on a new prime minister. agencies

10 dead in ebola flare up in eastern dr Congo BENI: Ten people have died in an outbreak of Ebola in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, according to a toll issued Friday that said 27 other deaths were suspected to be Ebola-related. Forty-four confirmed and probable cases have been recorded since the disease broke out in the province of North Kivu on August 1, the health ministry said. Two suspected cases in Goma, a city of about a million people, "turned out to be negative" on Thursday after lab tests, it said. The outbreak is the country's 10th since 1976, when the disease was first identified in the DRC near the Ebola River, a tributary of the Congo. The latest outbreak is centered in North Kivu's Beni region, which shares borders with Uganda and Rwanda. The area is plagued by violence -- a problem that the World Health Organization (WHO) has said will hamper the emergency response. Targeted vaccination, aiming primarily at front-line health workers, began on Wednesday. Ebola causes serious illness including vomiting, diarrhoea and in some cases internal and external bleeding. It is often fatal if untreated. In the worst Ebola epidemic, the disease struck the West African states of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone in 2013-15, killing more than 11,300 people. The outbreak in North Kivu was declared a week after WHO and the Kinshasa government hailed the end of a flareup in northwestern Equateur province which killed 33 people. agencies

Combative Saudi foreign policy stirs international ire

RIYADH: Saudi Arabia has sought to tame critics with an aggressive foreign policy, but a deadly air raid in Yemen following an acrimonious spat with Canada will only amplify international pressure

on the kingdom, analysts say. An air strike by the Saudi-led coalition hit a bus in rebel-held northern Yemen on Thursday, killing dozens of what aid groups said were school chil-

dren, with the United States and United Nations both calling for an investigation. The coalition insisted Huthi rebel combatants were aboard the bus, but international media have photographed dazed and bloodied children flooding into hospitals struggling to cope with a threeyear conflict that the UN has dubbed the world's worst humanitarian crisis. "The war is becoming increasingly unpopular with the international community, including in the US Congress," Sigurd Neubauer, a Middle East analyst in Washington, told AFP. "(This) attack has unfortunately become the norm and not the exception." The coalition has repeatedly been accused of striking civilians in Yemen since it launched an intervention in 2015 to try to restore the internationally recognised gov-


ernment after the Iran-backed Shiite Huthi rebels drove it out of the capital Sanaa. The coalition called Thursday's strike a "legitimate military action" in response to a rebel missile attack on Saudi Arabia's southern Jizan city a day earlier that resulted in the death of a Yemeni national. But that did not quell the outpouring of global condemnation. "NO EXCUSES ANYMORE!!" tweeted Geert Cappelaere, UNICEF's regional director in the Middle East and North Africa. "Does the world really need more innocent children's lives to stop the cruel war on children in Yemen?" Jan Egeland, head of the Norwegian Refugee Council, tweeted: "Grotesque, shameful, indignant. Blatant disregard for rules of war when bus carrying innocent

school children is fair game for attack." - 'Shutting the door to criticism' The bombing raid, part of an intervention that reflects Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman's increasingly assertive foreign policy, follows the kingdom's diplomatic rupture with Canada earlier this week. Saudi Arabia expelled Canada's ambassador, recalled its own envoy and froze all new trade and investments after Ottawa publicly demanded the "immediate release" of rights campaigners jailed in the kingdom. A furious Riyadh also moved to pull out thousands of Saudi students from Canadian universities, state airline Saudia suspended flights to Toronto, and the kingdom pledged to stop all medical treatment programmes in Canada. agencies

12 BUSINESS Islamic Banking industry’s assets grow by 12.4pc ISLAMABAD: The Islamic Banking Industry (IBI) has grown considerably as its assets witnessed a growth of 12.4 per cent by the end of calendar year 2017. The industry’s asset base has reached to Rs 2.3 trillion, a growth of 22.6 per cent (12.4 per cent of the overall banking system assets) while its deposits stand at Rs1.9 trillion, a growth of 19.8 per cent (14.5 per cent of the overall banking industry’s deposits), according to official data. In terms of the number of providers, 5 fullfledged Islamic banks and 16 Islamic banking branches of conventional banks are providing Shariah-compliant products and services through their network of 2,581 branches spread across 111 districts of the country. Furthermore, Islamic Banking Divisions of conventional banks have increased their outreach for deposit mobilisation through 1,277 Islamic Banking Windows. Investments (net) of the Islamic banking industry increased by Rs 9.0 billion (1.8 per cent) during the period under review and recorded at Rs534 billion by end December 2017. Financing and related assets (net) of Islamic banking industry increased by Rs172 billion (16.6 per cent) during the fourth quarter of CY17 and reached to Rs 1,207 billion compared to Rs1,035 billion in the previous quarter. Profit before tax of IBI was recorded at Rs23 billion by end December, 2017 compared to Rs17 billion in the same quarter last year. Other profitability indicators including ROA (before tax) and ROE (before tax) were recorded at 1.1 per cent and 17.1 per cent, respectively. Mode wise breakup of financing (gross) demonstrates that share of Diminishing Musharaka remained higher in overall financing of IBI followed by Musharaka and Murabaha. It is pertinent to mention that the hare of Musharaka increased from 15.6 per cent in CY16 to 22.0 per cent in CY17. APP

Weekly inflation remains unchanged ISLAMABAD: The weekly inflation for the week ended on August 9 for the combined income groups remained unchanged at 229.55 points compared to the previous week. The Sensitive Price Indicator (SPI) based weekly inflation has been computed with base 2007, 2008=100, covering 17 urban centres and 53 essential items for all income groups. Meanwhile, the SPI for the lowest income group up to Rs8,000 witnessed nominal increase of 0.08 per cent as it went up from 217.37 points in the previous week to 217.55 points in the week under review. As compared to the last week, the SPI for the income groups from Rs8001 to 12,000 and Rs12,001 to 18,000 witnessed nominal increase of 0.04 per cent and 0.03pc respectively while the SPI for income groups from Rs18,001 to Rs35,000 witnessed no change and for income groups above Rs35,000, it decreased nominally by 0.03 per cent. During the week under review, average prices of 7 items registered decrease, while 17 items increased with the remaining 29 items’ prices unchanged. The items, which registered decrease in their prices during the week under review included chicken, bananas, onions, potatoes, mash pulse, moong pulse and mustard oil. The items, which registered increase in their prices during the week under review included tomatoes, lPG Cylinder, cooked beef, match box, eggs, cooked daal, gur, gram pulse, bath soap, red chilly, rice (irri-6), masoor pulse, wheat flour, wheat, garlic, vegetable ghee (loose)and sugar. The items with no change in their average prices during the week under review included rice (Basmati broken), bread, beef, mutton, milk (fresh) curd, milk (powdered), cooking oil, vegetable ghee (tin), salt, tea (packet), tea (prepared), cigarettes, long cloth, shirting, lawn, georgette, gents sandal, gents chappal, ladies sandal, electricity charges, gas charges, kerosene oil, firewood, electric bulb, washing soap, petrol, diesel and telephone local call. APP

Saturday, 11 August, 2018



HIlE the finance minister-in-waiting Asad Umar has claimed that his government during its first 100 days, will create a ‘wealth fund’ to park around 200 State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs), economists term it risky saying that the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) may oppose the initiative as it did when similar attempts were made in Musharraf’s government. A renowned economist told Pakistan Today that the proposal of making a “Sovereign Wealth Fund” is not an easy task as it involves risk of failure. “If the whole fund fails to meet the desired task, it would be a disaster. I don’t think SBP will agree for the arrangement as it has not the capacity of management of the huge fund. We cannot copy what Malaysia did through such arrangements as more enterprises are making losses here like PIA, Rail-

ways, Steel Mills etc,” he said. “We can survive one or two institutions but not around 200 SOEs in case the fund fails. As most of the SOEs are poorly performing due to governance failure, there is a risk that the scale of damage, after the failure of such fund would be too high to be absorbed by Pakistan’s economy,” said the economist, who wished not to be named. According to experts before trying to follow Malaysia (Khazana Fund), Pakistan needed to understand its position. It would be important to mention that the Khazana fund has investments across the world and those decisions are approved by the respective Boards instead of bureaucratic layers and approvals in Pakistan’s case. Apart from the risks involved in such a fund, the formation of such fund also matters. In Wealth Fund arrangements, all such equities of the government are transferred to the fund through the Ministry of Finance. A competent board is established

to govern the fund having representation from both ministers and the private sector. A board headed by having demonstrated experience of turning around the large-scale public sector and private sector companies normally supervise affairs of the fund and enterprises. According to experts, it could be very difficult for the PTI government to sell important entities as it itself has previously criticised the PMl-N led government for privatising institutions such PIA, Steel Mills, Utility Stores Corporation, and PASSCO. Other mega-corporations and authorities including port authorities, National Highway Authority, Water and Power Development Authority, Pakistan Post Office and Pakistan Railways however, need to be corporatised and brought under the fund. It may be recalled here that Asad Umar has recently claimed that his government would have to consider a mass privatisation drive as it seeks to obtain the necessary funds to pull the

SECP for increasing claim amount for road accident victims ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

The Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP) aims to make necessary amendments to the Motor Vehicles Act, 1939, for smooth implementation of the motor third party liability insurance scheme. As per the provisions of the said law, it is mandatory for all the motor vehicle owners to have the motor third party liability insurance cover, which is meant for compensating the road accident victims or their legal heirs. The compensation limit of Rs20,000 provided under the existing provisions of the law, in cases of bodily injury and death, needs to be enhanced. Furthermore, the existing procedure for the determination of the liability through courts is too lengthy, costly and cumbersome to be af-

forded by the claimants. Moreover, due to non-enforcement of the existing laws coupled with unattractive limits of compensation in case of road accidents as provided under the existing legislation, the said compulsory motor third party insurance is either not purchased, or purchased from bogus insurance entities offering third-party insurance certificates on cheaper rates on the roadsides. Consequently, the victims of the road accidents or their legal heirs are either not compensated or get a very little compensation for the accident. In order to address such issues, the proposed amendments aim at introducing “no fault option” whereby a claim for death or bodily injury shall be payable to the victims of road accidents or their legal heirs without obtaining any court order and regardless of whether or not the insured person was at fault. The

compensation amount of Rs20,000 for legal heirs in case of accidents resulting in death has also been enhanced to Rs500,000 through a proposed amendment to the law. Furthermore, a schedule has been proposed to be inserted in the law to prescribe the enhanced limits for bodily injuries. To address the issue of bogus policies, the SECP has also proposed to impose heavy penalties. For the purpose of public consultations, a draft of the proposed amendments has been posted on the SECP’s website. The feedback or comments received from all concerned on the proposed amendments within 30 days would be taken into account while finalising the draft. The said draft would also be shared with IAP, non-life insurers and insurance brokers to seek their valued feedback and comments before finalising the amendments.

SAARC CCI for chalking out economic development plans to get rid of IMF ISLAMABAD APP

SAARC Chamber of Commerce and Industry Pakistan chapter on Friday called for chalking out a comprehensive economic development plans to boost trade activities inside the country in order to reduce the reliance on foreign debts. While, opposing to approach International Monetary Fund (IMF) for any financial assistance, it hailed the idea of Finance

Minister in waiting Asad Umar to find an out of the box solution to meet the requirements. In a statement SAARC Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Senior Vice President and United Business Group (UBG) central chairman Iftikhar Ali Malik Friday said this unprecedented unfavourable state of affairs warrants the government and private sector to sit together and think how to emancipate the country from the hard conditions of IMF and how the available do-

mestic resources could be used to get the optimum results which save the sinking economy. He said if the coming PTI government follows the IMF Reforms Agenda, it will further deform the economy, as it includes rise in the tariff of gas and electricity, rupee devaluation, tax on agriculture and elimination of subsidies which will result in closing down of industries, increasing ratio of unemployment and price hike since 200 textile mills are closed already in the country.

nation out of the economic crises that the nation seems to be lingering around. The creation of this fund may help persuade the IMF to agree to a favourable deal for the country, he hopes. According to him the creation of this special wealth fund would be the first step towards privatisation by the new government. About 200 companies would be effectively removed from government control and placed in this wealth fund, which shall be led by people from the private sector, and managed by the government from an arm’s length. The fund’s job would be to cut the losses of the companies in that fund and reduce their debts. Citing the huge debts of stateowned enterprises, he mentioned the staggering debt level of Rs406 billion that PIA has been reporting and stressed on the need to reduce those debts. In this regard, the new government would have to formulate an effective plan right after taking office, he added.

Overseas Pakistanis remit $1.93bn in July KARACHI: Overseas Pakistani workers remitted $1.929 billion in the first month (July) of 2018-19 as compared with $1.541 billion received during the same period in the preceding year. In July 2018, the inflow of worker’s remittances amounted to $1.930 billion, which is 21.03 per cent more than June 2018 and 25.17 more than July 2017. The country-wise details for the month of July 2018 show that inflows from Saudi Arabia, UAE, USA, UK, GCC countries (including Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar and Oman) and EU countries amounted to $437.48 million, $433.42 million, $280.34 million, $277.51 million, $199.31 million and $64.90 million respectively compared with the inflow of $408.84 million, $334.63 million, $193.7 million, $199.18 million, $192.02 million and $52.08 million respectively in July 2017. Remittances received from Malaysia, Norway, Switzerland, Australia, Canada, Japan and other countries during July 2018 amounted to $236.80 million together as against $161.22 million received in July 2017. STAFF REPORT

IT services export up 13pc in 11 months ISLAMABAD: The export of Information Technology (IT) related services from the country increased to $963.6 million during first 11 months of the year 2017-18 compared to the exports worth of $852.64 million during same period of the preceding year, thus posting an increase of 13.01 per cent. On yearly basis, the exports of IT related services also recorded a surge of 51.85 per cent as it rose to $41.03 million in May, 2018 from $27.02 million in same month of previous year. The country wise data shows that highest IT services were exported to the US where $517.55 million worth of export was recorded during July-May (2017-18) followed by $83.23 million to UAE. Similarly exports to United Kingdom during the period under review was recorded at $73.19 million, Singapore $34.8 million, Malaysia 33.11 million, Ireland $20 million, China $17.5 million, Canada $18.16 million, and Australia $18 million. APP

Locally manufactured car sales rise by 15.5 per cent in July KARACH ARSHAD HUSSAIN

Pakistan’s locally manufactured car sales have gone up by 15.5 per cent in July 2018 (first month of the current fiscal year) with the sale of 18,875 units compared to 16,337 units sold in the same period last year. However, the total vehicle’s sales including lCVs, Vans, and Jeep (including cars) were up by 9 per cent in July to 21,344 units compared to 19,577 units in the same period last year. “The government’s condition, imposed by the previous government of

Pakistan Muslim league-Nawaz (PMlN), to sell vehicles to the filer only, hurt the vehicle’s manufacturers in the month of July as the budget 2018-19 would be implemented from July 1 2018,” an analyst of a brokerage house said. The strong performance was due to a multitude of reasons ranging from supportive macroeconomic environment, cheaper financing, demand from ride-hailing services, as well as demand generated from election activity,’ said an analyst at Topline Securities. This slowdown in car sales was due to higher car prices as all companies raised car prices 3 to 4 times during the

last fiscal year and continuous Pakrupee depreciation against the dollar, he added. The major reason of low car sales is the restriction imposed by the government on non-filers for booking and registration of new cars, and resumption of import of used and new cars through personal transfer or baggage scheme. Honda — HCAR remained at the higher side and its sales stood at 4,609 units in the month of July 2018, which is up 22 per cent compared to 3,820 units sold in July 2017. However, its BR-V (jeep) went down to 372 units sold in July 2018 compared to 691 units

sold in the same period last year. Pak Suzuki Motor Company (PSMC) sales have gone down by 12 per cent to 9,700 units in the month of July compared to 8,642 units sold in the same period last year. The sales of Suzuki WagonR and Mehran have gone up to 2,772 units and 3,437 units in July 2018 respectively compared to 1,936 units and 2,863 units sold in the same period last year. However, the sales of Cultus and Swift have declined during the period. The PSMC has issued a notification to shut down the plant of Mehran VX (Without Air-conditioner) from Novem-

ber 2018, which may affect its total sale in the current fiscal year. Indus Motors (INDU) sold 4,566 units in July 2018 up by a modest 17.8 per cent. Focus on high margin segment has borne fruit as sales of Fortuner have gone down to 220 units compared to 270 units sold in July 2017. However, the company sold 682 units of Toyota Hilux in July 2018 compared to 473 units sold in July 2017. All the major automakers like Indus Motors Company, Pak Suzuki and Honda Atlas had announced price hikes for their models during the last fiscal year.


Saturday, 11 August, 2018


Turkey lIra craSheS TO neW lOWS aS markeT alarm grOWS ANKARA

Islamabad: Ufone holds an Independence Day celebration event for its employees in Islamabad at Ufone Tower. CEO and President Rashid Khan addressed the gathering. PR

dSu students design projects’ exhibition 2018

KarachI: Students of Mechanical Engineering at DHA Suffa University (DSU) final year students of DSU exhibited their innovative and product-oriented design projects at an exhibition ProEx 2018 held at DSU Campus which was attended by executives and representatives of leading national and multi-national companies, firms and banks. PRESS RELEASE

WWF, reckitt Benckiser partner to beat plastic pollution KarachI: Reckitt Benckiser Pakistan (RB), has partnered with World Wildlife Fund (WWF), under their pledge for ‘Hoga Saaf Pakistan’, to help beat plastic pollution in the country. The two organisations are calling out people to bring in empty plastic bottles to Dolmen Mall, Clifton from August 10 to 14. Waste Busters has joined hands with RB Pakistan and WWF to properly dispose these bottles and recycle them. PRESS RELEASE

khaadi moves to an iconic store in mirpur, azad kashmir mIrpur: Khaadi, Pakistan’s premier fashion retail brand moved its store to the iconic Dolphin Chowk in the New Mirpur City today. The decision to relocate was taken to provide its customers a bigger store focusing on design and offering its clients an unforgettable shopping experience. “We have almost doubled our retail square footage in the last two years, which is a huge achievement and translates into greater availability, better product display and a superior customer experience said Khaadi’s CEO Shamoon Sultan. PRESS RELEASE

Sindh Bank board approves merger with Summit Bank KarachI: The Board of Directors of Sindh Bank in their meeting held on August 10, 2018 approved the swap ratio of 1:8.37 i.e. one share of Sindh Bank will be equal to 8.37 shares of Summit Bank. This swap price will be presented to the shareholders in EOGM and Sindh Cabinet Committee for their respective approvals. After that, both the Banks will approach the Honorable Supreme Court for clearance and then to The State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) for their review. PRESS RELEASE



URKEY’S embattled lira on Friday hit new record lows against the US dollar and euro, losing over six per cent in value as strains with the United States showed no sign of abating and fears grew over the exposure of European banks. The lira was trading at 5.90 to the dollar, a loss on the day of 6.5 per cent. Earlier, it had crashed some 12 per cent through the 6.00 level for the first time in history, trading at one point at more than 6.20 lira per dollar. The lira has now lost over a third of its value against both the dollar and the euro this year, with the currency battered by both concerns over domestic economic policy and the political situation. Versus the euro, on Friday the lira lost 7.0 per cent to trade at 6.8. Turkey remains at loggerheads with the United States in one of the worst spats between the two NATO allies in years over the detention for the last two years of American pastor Andrew Brunson and a host of other issues. Talks this week in Washington failed to resolve the impasse which has led both sides to slap sanctions on senior officials amid fears of graver measures to come. Meanwhile, markets are deeply concerned over the direction of economic policy under

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan with inflation nearly 16 per cent but the central bank reluctant to raise rates in response. UBS chief economist for EMEA emerging markets Gyorgy Kovacs said a giant rate hike of 350-400 basis points would be “consistent with real rate levels that in the past helped to stabilise the currency”. He warned a “rate hike alone might not stem the worries about the US and Turkey tensions and a potential further escalation.” And it remains unclear if the bank would be willing to sharply lift rates with analysts saying the nominally independent institution is under the influence of Erdogan, who wants low rates to keep growth humming. Erdogan after winning June 24 elections with revamped powers tightened his control over the central bank and appointed his son-in-law Berat Albayrak to head a newly-empowered finance ministry. “President Erdogan’s strengthened powers under the new presidential system have made it increasingly uncertain whether policymakers will be able to act to stabilise the economy,” said William Jackson, chief emerging markets economist at Capital Economics in london. He said the lira’s fall was being exacerbated by fears the central bank “isn’t being permitted to raise interest rates”. Concerns were intensified Friday by a report in the Financial Times that the su-


Bears out in force as PSX loses 82 points LAHORE STAFF REPORT

The Pakistan Stock Exchange (PSX) had another crazy session on Friday where the indices swung violently. Bulls tried to make a strong comeback but failed and eventually lost to bears. On the economic front, according to State Bank of Pakistan total foreign reserves of the country saw an increase of 0.19 per cent from the preceding month. The KSE 100 index inched up by 191.57 points and touched intraday high of 43,115.52 in the second half of the session. It then changed its path and declined by 81.77 points to settle at 42,842.18. The KMI 30 share index lost 245.47 points and ended the session at 73,665.51, while the KSE All Share index was up by 1.08 points. The market volume jumped up by 21 per cent from the last session and was recorded at 249.88 million. Pak Elektron limited (PAEl -4.99 per cent) led the chart with a volume of 17.70 million shares. Engro Polymer and Chemicals limited (EPCl 1.79 per cent) and lotte Chemical Pakistan limited (lOTCHEM 2.19 per cent) were next with 13.39 million and 12.75 million shares exchanged respectively. The Fertilizer sector lost a slight 0.51

per cent in its cumulative market capitalisation. Engro Corporation limited (ENGRO) lost 0.42 per cent from its share price. While Dawood Hercules Corporation limited (DAWH) and Engro Fertilizer limited (EFERT) were down by 1.74 per cent and 1.45 per cent respectively. Fauji Fertilizer Company limited (FFC +0.31 per cent) managed to make a slight gain even in a negative market. Century Paper and Board Mills limited (CEPB -1.78 per cent) announced its financial performance for the Year ended 30th June,2018. The company declared a final cash dividend of Rs 0.75 per share in addition to interim dividend of Rs 1.50 per share. Sales spiked up by 23 per cent from last year whereas, earning per share saw a massive increase of 71 per cent YoY to Rs 6.25 in the current Year from Rs 3.66 in the previous year. NetSol Technologies limited (NETSOl +3.31 per cent) announced signing of an agreement with a tier-one auto captive finance company to implement its NFS Ascent platform. The agreement is with a customer having a strong presence in China as well as the rest of the Asia-Pacific region. The five-year contract is valued at approximately $30 million. The tech stock has appreciated 122 per cent in the past 6 months.

pervisory wing of the European Central Bank (ECB) had over the last weeks began to look more closely at eurozone lenders’ exposure to Turkey. The report said that the situation is not yet seen as “critical” but Spain’s BBVA, Italy’s UniCredit and France’s BNP Paribas are regarded as particularly exposed. “Investors have been looking at the unfolding currency crisis in Turkey as a local difficulty, however, the accelerating speed of the declines appears to be raising concerns about European banks exposure to the Turkish banking system,” said CMC Markets chief market analyst Michael Hewson. Albayrak, who formerly served as energy minister, is on Friday expected to announce what he has described as a “new economic model” for Turkey but markets remain sceptical. The president did nothing to reassure markets with comments overnight that the pressure on the lira was due to what he described as a “variety of campaigns” and appearing to play down the magnitude of the crisis. “If they have dollars, we have our people, we have our right and we have Allah!” he said. The plunge in the lira has featured remarkably little on Turkish television channels and newspapers — most of which after recent ownership changes are loyal to the government — with most media focusing instead on recent flooding by the Black Sea.

k-electric powering karachi’s progress for over 100 years, says cmO KARACHI: Pakistan is a vibrant and rich society full of potential with the means to realise it. As responsible citizens, it is our responsibility to highlight the strengths our country possesses in the form of effective success stories, be it recognising the large market size, talented youth, the emergence of a large middle class, an abundance of natural resources and the list goes on. These views were expressed by K-Electric’s Chief Marketing and Communications Officer Syed Fakhar Ahmed during his presentation at the CEO Summit organised by the Employers’ Federation of Pakistan with the theme of Shaping the Future of Business. Fakhar said that with Pakistan’s growing economy and demographic strength, the country is progressing sustainably and is expected to attract a number of foreign investors in different sectors. He also shared that KE’s transformation, from an under-utilised strategic asset before 2009 into a leading energy player, represented one of the global power industry’s most well-recognised operational turnaround stories. Over the years KE has achieved substantial progress and improvement, subsequently leading to an operational and financial turnaround of the company. “Diversity of talent, culture and experience at KE has helped foster an environment of innovation while contributing significantly to improved organisational performance. KE also provides equal work opportunities so that all employees can work together towards sustainable growth,” Fakhar apprised the participants. Responding to a query, he said that at KE, people and culture are the power utility’s biggest asset. “We ensure that the most diligent policies are put in place in terms of recruitment as well as the development of talent. Further, diversity and inclusion is one of our top priorities and has enabled us to assemble a diverse team of talented, focused and high achieving individuals who are responsible for our success,” he said. STAFF REPORT

Pakistan’s rank in the Global Innovation Index reveals dreary socioeconomic conditions LAHORE SHOAIB PERVAIZ

The 2018 Global Innovation Index was recently released analysing countries on the basis of their performance in innovation output, energy efficiency, creativity, human resource, and a country’s ability to conduct business through its institutions. Top performers in the region of South and Central Asia included India at the top, with Kazakhstan and Iran following behind. The Global Innovation Index ranks countries based on the quality of their institutions, human capital and research, infrastructure, market sophistication, business sophistication, knowledge and technology outputs, and creative outputs. The report placed Pakistan in the

lower-middle income group, with the population at 197 million, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at $1056.4, and GDP per capita at $5358.3. Pakistan’s ranking in the category of institutions is in the grey, with its political environment, regulatory environment, and the business environment ranked low which is not surprising since the country’s political situation has never been stable in its 71-year history amid rampant corruption that has diminished the sanctity of its institutions’ overtime. Ease of doing business, ease of resolving insolvency and the business environment fared better with rankings below the 100 mark, which puts Pakistan ahead of most countries with a low-income status and poor economic influence and capability.


Pakistan’s infrastructure ranked at 111 out of the 126 countries ranked in the report. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) access, ICT use, the government’s online services were ranked at 108, 114, and 101 - clearly showing how far behind Pakistan is when it comes to the availability and usage of the internet. General infrastructure, which includes electricity output, logistical performance, and gross capital performance again portrays a dreary picture of the country. Market sophistication which includes credit, ease of getting credit, domestic credit to the private sector, and microfinance gross loans - was marked 107, with microfinance loans being ranked at 39. Pakistan ranked 100 in business sophistica-

tion with knowledge-intensive employment being ranked at a worrisome 103 and females employed with advanced degrees at 94. Pakistan does fare better, however, at innovation linkages ranked at 85. University to industry research collaboration, joint-ventures strategic alliance deals, and state of cluster development all ranked near the 50 mark. In Online Creativity, Pakistan ranked at 71, with mobile app creation getting the rank of 48 - showing the surge in tech organisations and IT software exports. Overall, the country’s rankings show a lack of effort at the policy level and an inability to develop robust institutions, a healthy working environment, and inefficiency when it comes to innovation.

14 SportS

Saturday, 11 August, 2018

AndErSon doUbLE LEAvES IndIA rEELIng In SEcond TEST London



AMES Anderson struck twice to leave India 11 for two at lunch after a rain-marred opening session on the second day of the second Test against England at Lord's on Friday. After rain washed out Thursday's first day without a ball bowled, England captain Joe Root decided to field when he won the toss. Although the skies above Lord's were then blue and sunny, they soon clouded over and combined with a green-tinged pitch made conditions favourable for England's pacemen and in particular swing specialist Anderson. England's all-time leading Test wicket-taker started this match needing just six wickets to become the first bowler to take 100 wickets in Tests at Lord's and

he needed just five balls to more closer to that landmark. The 36-year-old Lancashire star

Shahzaib Hasan's ban extended to four years Lahore: An independent adjudicator on Friday increased the ban on cricketer Shahzaib Hasan to four years in connection with a spot-fixing probe. The batsman, who represented Karachi Kings during Pakistan Super League 2017 edition, had been banned for a year and fined Rs1 million by the Pakistan Cricket Board's anti-corruption tribunal earlier this year for his role in last year's spot-fixing scandal. Hasan had appealed against the fine, which was heard by Justice (retd) Hamid Hasan. Announcing his judgement on the appeal, the independent adjudicator increased the ban on the cricketer to four years, and maintained the fine. The four-year ban includes the one-year Hasan has already served.The 27-year old has decided to challenge the decision, his counsel said. Hasan was the fifth player to be suspended in the spotfixing probe along with Islamabad United openers Khalid Latif and Sharjeel Khan and fast bowler Mohammad Irfan and all-rounder Mohammad Nawaz. The opener, who has represented Pakistan in three one-day internationals and 10 T20I matches, was suspended on March 17, 2017 and charged with three violations of the PCB's anti-corruption code. The PCB’s anti-corruption unit had charged him for violating three clauses of its anticorruption code: for luring cricketers into the scam, not reporting approaches by the bookies, and hiding information regarding his contacts with the bookies. Agencies

struck in the first over of the day. Murali Vijay, aiming legside as the ball moved in towards him in the air, was undone by late

outswing and bowled for a duck to leave India nought for one. His exit brought in Cheteshwar Pujara, recalled after India dropped struggling opener Shikhar Dhawan. Pujara may be sixth in the Test batting rankings but he averaged a meagre 14.33 in 12 innings for Yorkshire this season with a top score of 41. But Pujara could only watch a Anderson dismissed KL Rahul (eight), who pushed forward defensively and got a thin edge to wicket-keeper Jonny Bairstow. Rahul might have left the ball but, with Anderson bowling from the Pavilion End, there is always a concern for righthanded batsmen that the ball can come down the slope that runs across the ground and hit the off stump. India were 10 for two in the seventh over, with Anderson having taken two wickets for five runs in 15 balls. But two balls later, after new batsman

prolific form revives Ian Bell's England comeback

dhaka Mohammad Ashraful still harbours hopes of playing for Bangladesh again after his five-year ban for involvement in match-fixing and spot-fixing in the 2013 Bangladesh Premier League of-

Lahore Qalandars praised for exposing hidden talent in remote areas Muzaffarabad




Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) Prime Minister (PM) Raja Farooq Haider Khan on Friday praised Pakistan Super League (PSL) franchise Lahore Qalandars for discovering talent hidden in remote areas of the country. The AJK PM said this during a gathering he hosted for the management of Lahore Qalandars at his residence in Muzaffarabad. The Qalandars delegation included Rana Atif, Inzamam-ul-Haq, Yasir Shah and Aaqib Javed. Qalandars are in Kashmir for their muchacclaimed player development programme. The trials in Muzaffarabad were conducted on Thursday while the trials in Mirpur will be held on Saturday. According to Raja Farooq, Lahore Qalandars’ efforts are highly commendable as they have given new hope to the unnoticed talent of the country. “It’s an honour for me to host them,” the AJK PM told at his residence. “These efforts will help bring cricketers from Kashmir to mainstream cricket of Pakistan. Very soon, Kashmiri players will be representing Pakistan team,” he said. Rana Atif, the CEO of Lahore Qalandars, thanked Raja Farooq for his hospitality. The AJK prime minister also exchanged ideas with Yasir Shah and Inzamam on development of cricket in Kashmir. He said that floodlights at the Muzaffarabad Sports Stadium should be installed this year, and also stressed the need of hosting cricket matches, including PSL, at the venue.

A prolific season with Warwickshire and Birmingham Bears has renewed Ian Bell's hunger for the game to the extent that he has entertained the possibility of reviving his England career. Bell, 36, played the last of his 118 Tests against Pakistan in late 2015, but this season is averaging 55.41 in the County Championship and is currently the second-highest run-scorer in the Vitality Blast with 471 runs at a strike-rate of 144.92 a year after he stood down from the Warwickshire captaincy. Early in Ed Smith's tenure as national selector there has been a clear push for youth in the Test side with Ollie Pope to make his debut against India at Lord's following the call-ups of Sam Curran and Dom Bess, but England's middle-order remains far from settled "The questions have started to come a little bit more now, with the form I've had through the season and obviously England's middle order," he told BBC WM. "If you asked me that question now I would definitely want to play again. If you'd asked me that 12 months ago, it would

have been a different answer. "Whether it is with Warwickshire, Birmingham Bears or England, I just still want to be winning games of cricket." Bell admitted he went through some tough times last year and struggled to adjust to life outside the England team where he had been a fixture since returning to the side during the 2009 Ashes until being axed ahead of the South Africa tour in 2015-16. "Last year, I wasn't in a par-

ticularly good place," said Bell. "I'd struggled with the batting and there were some massive questions in my own mind as to whether it was time to retire and I did ask myself those questions. "It's been quite a tough adjustment not being an England player any more. But I felt even when I finished with England that I had a lot of cricket left under my belt. I spoke to a lot of ex-players and they all said 'you're a long time retired, don't look back with any regrets'."

ficially ends on August 13. Henceforth, he will become eligible for international cricket and the BPL, having already been allowed to play in Bangladesh's domestic competitions on the same day in 2016. Ashraful is delighted to be making the return, saying he had been waiting

Ex-Tour de France winner Ullrich held over assault frankfurt Agencies

Ashraful eyes Bangladesh return as ban comes to an end Agencies

Virat Kohli, the India captain, had added a single, the umpires took the players off the field for rain. Pujara and Kohli were then both one not out. Lunch was brought forward to 12:40pm (1140 GMT) in the hope the match could restart at 1:20pm. Both teams made two changes after England's 31-run win in the first Test at Edgbaston -- a match that, despite star batsman Kohli's first Test century on English soil, left the home team 1-0 up in a five-match series. Ollie Pope, a 20-year-old Surrey batsman, made his England debut after Dawid Malan was dropped. England were without Ben Stokes because of his ongoing trial on a charge of affray in Bristol. Fellow pace-bowling all-rounder Chris Woakes replaced Stokes. For India, Pujara replaced struggling opener Shikhar Dhawan and left-arm wrist-spinner Kuldeep Yadav, who troubled England with 14 wickets in the preceding limited overs series, was selected for just his third Test after paceman Umesh Yadav was omitted. Earlier, former England captain Ted Dexter rang the Pavilion bell to signal five minutes before the start of play. That honour would have gone to India great Sachin Tendulkar had the match started on Thursday.

for this day for the last five years. "I have been waiting for August 13, 2018 for a long time now," Ashraful told ESPNcricinfo. "It has been more than five years since the day I admitted my involvement. Although I have played domestic cricket in the last two seasons, there is now nothing preventing me from being eligible for national selection. Playing for Bangladesh again will be my greatest achievement." The highlight in these two seasons has been his five List-A centuries in the 2017-18 Dhaka Premier League. He is only the second batsman to do so in a single List-A tournament; the other being Alviro Peterson in the 2015-16 Momentum One-Day Cup on South Africa's domestic circuit. He has averaged 47.63 in 23 ListA games since the ban was lifted, but his first-class form hasn't been as good - a 21.85 batting average in 13 matches, with just one century. "The first season after my return wasn't great but I did well in the 2017-18 sea-


son. I hope to do even better in the coming seasons," he said. "Now I can be considered for selection through my performance. I have already gone through a monthlong training programme and after August 15, I will go into pre-season training leading into the upcoming season's National Cricket League." In June 2014, the BPL's anti-corruption tribunal had banned Ashraful for eight years and fined him BDT 10 lakh (USD 12,000 approx). In September that year, the BCB's disciplinary panel reduced the ban to five years, with the last two of those years suspended. The BCB and ICC unsuccessfully appealed against the ban reduction. The reduction was subject to his participation in a BCB or ICC anticorruption education and training programme. Accordingly, Ashraful took part in an anti-corruption programme and during the 2015 BPL, appeared in awareness videos shown to players and officials.

Former Tour de France winner Jan Ullrich was arrested early Friday for allegedly assaulting an escort in Frankfurt, police said, just a week after the German national was briefly detained in Spain. "He is in police custody," a German police spokesman told AFP, adding that the 44year-old "was under the influence of alcohol and drugs". Ullrich had allegedly called on the services of a prostitute at the five-star Villa Kennedy Hotel in Frankfurt, Bild daily reported. But he then got into a quarrel with the "escort lady" and "physically attacked and injured her," police said. Ullrich's latest woes came a week after he was detained for 24 hours in Spain for allegedly forcing his way into the home of his neighbour, German actor Til Schweiger, and threatening him. Following the scandal in Spain, Ullrich said early this week he would go into rehab and seek help for his drink and drug addiction. He had only arrived back in Germany on Thursday evening to start his therapy before he got caught up in the latest drama, Bild daily said. The former cyclist's dramatic fall from grace came two decades after he became the only German to have won the Tour de France, in 1997. He also won Olympic gold in Sydney in 2000. But he was then embroiled in doping allegations and excluded from the 2006 Tour de France over his links to the Operation Puerto scandal that centred on disgraced doctor Eufemiano Fuentes.

Saturday, 11 August, 2018

nAdAL rEAcHES ToronTo QUArTErS WITH WIn ovEr WAWrInKA toronto



45-minute rain interruption did little to stop the progress of Rafael Nadal on Thursday at the Toronto Masters as he defeated Stan Wawrinka 7-5, 7-6 (7/4) to reach the quarter-finals. The halt in proceedings came 63 minutes into the opening set, after Wawrinka saved a Nadal set point for 5-all, with the Spaniard then holding serve for 6-5. When the weather passed, the pair returned, with Nadal wrapping up the set on his second chance. The second set was a battle as the Swiss, a three-time Grand Slam champion, fought back from an early break down, took a 2-1 lead, with the pair again trading breaks in the fifth and tenth games. Nadal came from a mini-break down in the tiebreaker and secured victory on his second match point. "It was a good match, a very positive victory for me over a tough opponent," Nadal said.

"I'm happy to see Stan playing well again. We had a good quality of tennis. "I'm very pleased, I needed a match like this. It does much for the confidence." Nadal's win was his 17th from 20 played against Wawrinka. Second seed Alexander Zverev, the holder, lined up a re-run of last week's Washington semi-final as he

again takes on Stefanos Tsitsipas. The Greek who turns 20 on Sunday knocked out his second seed in as many matches, stunning Wimbledon champion Novak Djokovic 6-3, 6-7 (5/7), 6-3 to reach the quarter-finals. Zverev rolled over Russian Daniil Medvedev 6-3, 6-2 in 52 minutes while never facing a break point. Tsitsipas called his knockout

of Djokovic, "the best match of my career. I knew I was playing pretty good today." The number 27 will play the first Masters 1000 quarter-final of his career. "He played very well and deserved to win without a doubt," Djokovic said. "I just played not that great. "I didn't return well. It wasn't that great of a match." Bulgarian fifth seed Grigor Dimitrov laboured for almost two and a half hours to subdue Frances Tiafoe of the United States 7-6 (7/1), 3-6, 76 (7/4). He next faces Wimbledon runner-up and fourth seed Kevin Anderson who defeated Ilya Ivashka of Belarus 7-5, 6-3 to also make the last-eight. Sixth seed Marin Cilic continued his quiet progress, beating Argentine 11th seed Diego Schwartzman 6-3, 6-2. Canadian teen Denis Shapovalov went down to Robin Haase, losing 7-5, 6-2, ending local interest. The Dutch winner will take on Karen Khachanov, who beat eighth seed John Isner 7-6 (7/5), 7-6 (7/1)

I am not Santa Claus, says Fulham's Jokanovic

Wagner lauds 'Terrier spirit' in his players London Agencies

David Wagner is making no bold predictions for his Premier League minnows Huddersfield Town solely that success for the upcoming season will be to secure their status amongst the elite once again. The 46-year-old German believes his squad has the ability to repeat their feat of last season, in defying the pundits and not being relegated, due to their spirit living up to the club nickname 'The Terriers'. Wagner, who brought in seven players in the close season spending almost £40million ($51million, 44.5million euros), says they have added more quality to the squad so combined with the team spirit they stand a good chance of staying up and improving on last term's 16th place finish. "We need to take the experiences from last season into this season, with the feeling that we have a better group in terms of individuals," Wagner said at his press conference on the eve of their opener against Chelsea. "We have enough quality, with a Terrier spirit, to be competitive. Wagner, who followed his close friend Liverpool handler Jurgen Klopp from Borussia Dortmund to England, added: "Our aim is to give ourselves no limits and to try and achieve something. Success will be to secure another season in the Premier League." Wagner proved an inspired choice by Huddersfield persuading him to leave his coaching role as second team coach at Dortmund in taking them up to the Premier League for the first time in their history in 2017. His team face a tough start to the new season with Chelsea followed by a trip to champions Manchester City.

Pochettino faces acid test after Spurs' transfer woes

Klopp has great expectations Liverpool will deliver

London Agencies

LiverpooL Agencies

Jurgen Klopp says he has high expectations for Liverpool's ability to challenge for the Premier League title after spending the most of any of his rivals in the close season. Liverpool spent a reported £176million ($225million, 196million euros) bringing in, among others, Brazilians goalkeeper Alisson and midfielder Fabinho and Klopp hopes to deliver Liverpool's first league title in the Premier League era, with the last of their 18 champions crowns coming in 1990. In his pre-match press conference on Friday, ahead of Liverpool's season opener against West Ham on Sunday, Klopp said Liverpool spent so much to build a squad with the depth necessary to be genuine title contender. "It was pretty normal there would be one season when we would spend more money," Klopp said. "We had to create a squad which is strong enough and wide enough to cope with the Premier League." Klopp, who took over at Liverpool job in 2015 after guiding Borussia Dortmund to two Bundesliga titles, says he expects his players to fight to the last breath for the league title. "We have to be in the championship mode," he said. "Let's go for it until we have no more air or oxygen, really go for it."

SportS 15

London Agencies

Fulham manager Slavisa Jokanovic may have spent over £100 million ($127 million, 111 million euros) on new players since gaining promotion to the Premier League but he says even they will have to prove worthy of a first team spot. "I'm not Santa Claus -- there are no presents," Jokanovic told a press conference on Friday on the eve of their opener with fellow London side Crystal Palace. "The players need to fight for their places," the 49-year-old said. "We've made a great investment in the transfer market and I'm hoping we'll see an immediate benefit." Fulham's American owner Shahid Khan -who has tabled a £600million pound bid to buy

Wembley Stadium -- sanctioned spending big with the likes of highly-rated Ivory Coast midfielder Jean-Michael Seri as the London club return to the Premier League after a four-year hiatus. However, Jokanovic -- a former defensive midfielder who was capped 64 times -- sought to lower expectations of how competitive Fulham will be. "We arrived last in the Premier League (through the play-offs), so our principal target has to be to stay up," said Jokanovic, who in his previous job in England guided Watford to promotion to the Premier League but then left. "I prefer walking step by step. It's better for us to think in this way and we will see at the end of the season what our level is. "It's important to show ambition and desire to stay up -- that's our first target. "We're building a team to be competitive at this level."

Mauricio Pochettino insists he is not unhappy at Tottenham's inaction during the transfer window, but the true test of his club's decision not to make a single signing will come as the new Premier League season unfolds. The north London club have often done things differently when it comes to buying and selling players, with chairman Daniel Levy earning a reputation as a hard negotiator who is unafraid to leave things until late in the day. This time, however, Thursday's transfer deadline passed without any additions being made by Tottenham -- the first time a Premier League club has failed to sign at least one new player during the summer window. Now Tottenham boss Pochettino will be expected to build on last season's performances with the same group of players that took the club to a third placed finish. Saturday's visit to Newcastle for their opening game will therefore offer few surprises, although Pochettino must decide which of the nine players who appeared in the World Cup semi-finals are ready to return to action. But anything less than a convincing victory will stir debate about Tottenham chairman Daniel Levy's failure to deliver new players for his manager at the start of a campaign that will see the club move into the rebuilt White Hart Lane stadium after a year at Wembley. Speaking ahead of the trip to St James' Park, Pochettino maintained he was not overly concerned at the inaction. "Of course, it's difficult to understand for people that Tottenham didn't sign or sell players, but sometimes in football you need to behave differently," he said.

pGA leaders make early start while tiger, McIlroy out late Missouri Agencies

Leader Gary Woodland and many of his closest pursuers were set to tee off early as Friday's second round of the 100th PGA Championship began while Tiger Woods and Rory McIlroy make afternoon starts. Woodland, who has never finished better than 12th in 27 major starts, fired a six-under par 64 Thursday to seize a one-stroke lead over fellow American Rickie Fowler at Bellerive Country Club. "I've started to feel pretty comfortable this week and it was nice to see results," 44th-ranked

Woodland said. "I've been hitting the ball very well. Now when I get out of position I have the short game to give myself a chance. And to see putts go in was very, very cool." Woodland sank a career-high 153 feet of putts in round one and begins round two in the seventh group off the 10th tee with Spain's Sergio Garcia, the 2017 Masters champion, and Kevin Kisner, among a pack of 11 golfers sharing fifth on 67. Two-time major winner Zach Johnson and South African Brandon Stone, who share third on 66, will be in hot pursuit quickly. Stone was in the first group to


begin on the back nine while Johnson is two groups behind Woodland. World number one Dustin Johnson, Britain's Justin Rose and Belgium's Thomas Pieters are also early starters in the pack on 67. Woods, a 14-time major champion in his comeback season after spinal fusion surgery, drew the largest crowds in a supergroup with McIlroy and second-ranked defending champion Justin Thomas. But Woods and McIlroy grinded out par 70s to share 48th place with Thomas little better on 69. "Just hung in there. I was able to grind out a score," Woods said. "It kept me in the

golf tournament." They figure to command attention again as the fifth-to-last group off the first tee but moving their way up the leaderboard will be the bigger challenge on greens that were iffy even before absorbing two days of tournament punishment. "They're bumpy, for sure," Woods said. "The shorter putts are a little more interesting because they're a little chewed up." World number nine Fowler, this year's Masters runner-up, has eight top-five major finishes without a victory but matched the low major round of his career with a 65.

Saturday, 11 August, 2018





EAvILy armed Taliban fighters attacked Ghazni city in central Afghanistan early on Friday, burning police checkpoints, shelling houses and business areas and seizing control of parts of the city before being beaten back, officials said. US attack helicopters and drone aircraft provided government forces with air support. But as smoke rose across the city and witnesses reported bodies lying in the streets, and it was unclear how much of Ghazni was under government control. The attack on a strategic city straddling the main route between the capital Kabul and southern Afghanistan demonstrated the Taliban’s strength, underscoring how volatile the security situation remains less than three months before parliamentary elections in October. The defense ministry in Kabul said the attackers had been driven off but were still present in one area of the city and had occupied civilian houses, from where they were still keeping up occasional fire on security forces clearing the area. It said around 150 attackers had been killed or wounded but gave no estimate of casualties for civilians or se-

curity forces. A statement from US military headquarters in Kabul said fighting had ceased by 8.00 a.m. (0330 GMT) and Afghan forces had held their ground and maintained control of all government centers. “US forces responded with closeair support (US attack helicopters) and conducted one strike (drone). In addition, US aircraft conducted a show of presence,” Lt Col Martin O’Donnell, spokesman for US Forces-Afghanistan said in an emailed statement. Officials said clashes between security forces and the Taliban started at around 2.00 a.m., forcing the closure of the main highway linking Ghazni to the capital Kabul, 150 kilometers (95 miles) to the northeast. “The Taliban are dropping missiles near residential and commercial areas. There has not been a single minute of silence for the last eight hours,” said a senior government official in Ghazni early on Friday. Ghazni police chief General Farid Ahmad Mashal said the Taliban seized several parts of the city, which has been under threat for months with heavy fighting in surrounding districts. As helicopters circled overhead in the early morning, a second government official said it was too dangerous

for people to leave their homes and he had no immediate details on casualties. “It is not possible to get out of our homes to help the injured or collect bodies,” he said. Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid issued a statement saying multiple attacks were launched overnight in Ghazni. Dozens of Afghan soldiers and police had been killed and large quantities of weapons and equipment had been seized, he said. However, O’Donnell said initial reports indicated minimal casualties among Afghan security forces. “This is yet another failed Taliban attempt to seize terrain, which will result in yet another eye-catching, but strategically inconsequential headline,” he said. The attack came amid growing hopes of talks to end 17 years of war in Afghanistan and less than two weeks before the Eid al-Adha festival, when the Western-backed government in Kabul had been considering offering a ceasefire. In June, a three-day truce over the Eid al-Fitr holiday brought unprecedented scenes of unarmed Taliban fighters mingling with security forces in Kabul and other cities, offering a glimpse of peace and fuelling hopes of negotiations to end the war.

Pakistan remembers leprosy fighter Dr Ruth Pfau on first death anniversary LAHORE STAFF REPORT

The first death anniversary of German doctor and nun, Dr Ruth Pfau, who dedicated her life to eradicating leprosy in Pakistan is being observed on August 10. Dr Pfau, who was hailed as the Mother Teresa of Pakistan, passed away on August 10, 2017 at a hospital in Karachi at the age of 87. Then-prime minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi had announced a state funeral for her and said Dr Pfau “may have been born in Germany, but her heart was always in Pakistan”. On Friday, caretaker Punjab chief minister Dr Hasan Askari said the “credit for eliminating leprosy from the country goes to the untiring efforts and passionate com-

Further US sanctions would be 'declaration of economic war': Russia PTI asks NAB to probe PCB Chairman Najam Sethi ISLAMABAD: Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) on Friday wrote a letter to National Accountability Bureau (NAB) to investigate the alleged corrupt practices of Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) Chairman Najam Sethi. The letter was written by PTI leader Javaid Badar in which he demanded the anti-graft agency body to launch a probe against the PCB chairman. The letter stated that Najam Sethi was involved in corruption with regards to the launch and activities of Pakistan Super League (PSL) due to which he wasn’t letting the PSL audit report to be made public. Earlier, a letter was written to the PCB chairman to make audit report public. The PTI leader in his letter appealed the NAB to immediately take the PSL record in custody. The letter further accused Sethi of failing to make the PSL a successful event. Earlier, a report alleging Sethi of financial and administrative irregularities had been submitted to PM-designate Imran Khan. The PCB chairman had allegedly appointed friends and close family members on high-level posts. Naila Bhatti was awarded the post of the director just three months after her appointment. Likewise, Aun Zaidi was promoted to the post of assistant manager of PCB’s social media wing, the report claimed. INP

MOSCOW: Russia warned on Friday that if the US followed through with threats to impose further harsh economic sanctions it would be seen as a "declaration of economic war". The warning by Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev came after Washington unveiled a raft of new sanctions against Russia over its alleged use of the Novichok nerve agent against a former double agent which Britain has blamed on Moscow. The incident, which took place in Salisbury in southern England in March, triggered a major diplomatic crisis despite Russia's denial of any role. Announced late on Wednesday, the first set of sanctions, which will take effect in just under two weeks, impose a ban on the export to Russia of "national security sensitive" US technologies. Until now such exports had been previously allowed on a case-by-case basis, with a senior State Department official saying the move could cut off hundreds of millions of dollars worth of exports to Russia. "While I don't want to comment on the talk about future sanctions, I can say that if we end up with something like a ban on banking activities or the use of certain currencies, we can clearly call this a declaration of economic war," Medvedev was quoted as saying by the Interfax news agency. "And we must absolutely respond to this war; by economic means, by political means and if necessary by other means," he added. "Our American friends must understand this." The announcement of the sanctions on Thursday prompted Russian stocks and the ruble to tumble. The ruble fell further on Friday morning, reaching its lowest level since August 2016, before rebounding slightly. The central bank in a statement said it was following the situation and had the necessary instruments to react. It said the situation was a "natural reaction of the financial market to news about new potential sanctions". Previously, similar periods of volatility were "temporary in nature," it said. Further sanctions loom?

A second round of sanctions that could go into effect 90 days later would cut far deeper, including blocking all American bank loans to Russian entities, an outright ban on US exports to Russia, and suspension of diplomatic relations. The State Department said the sanctions were aimed at punishing Moscow for having "used chemical or biological weapons in violation of international law", mandated under the Chemical and Biological Weapons and Warfare Elimination Act of 1991. However the sanctions announcement could bolster US President Donald Trump's claim that his administration is taking a tough stance on Moscow, even as he continues to denounce as a "witch hunt" an independent probe whether his election campaign colluded with Russia. According to the 1991 Act, the president is to tighten the penalties within 90 days — unless the party in question provides "reliable assurances" that it no longer engages in such activities, and allows on-site inspections by United Nations observers. Russia had on Thursday responded furiously to the sanctions, denouncing them as "categorically unacceptable" as the markets tumbled and the ruble fell to its lowest level in almost two years. On Wednesday, Russia's Kommersant daily published excerpts from another piece of draft US legislation which proposes a ban on US citizens purchasing Russian sovereign debt as well as steps against the country's biggest banks as well as its oil and gas sector, a key driver of the economy. The sanctions follow the US Treasury's imposition of sanctions in March against 19 Russian citizens and five entities for interfering in the 2016 US election — the toughest steps against Moscow since Trump took office. Also in March, Washington ordered the expulsion of 60 Russian diplomats, and the closure of Russia's consulate general in Seattle over the Novichok incident. The Russian economy has only recently started to recover from international sanctions imposed on Moscow in 2014 over its actions in Ukraine, and a crash in oil prices the same year. AGENCIES

PTI in two minds over Imran’s oath-taking, official residence PARTY KEEPS CHANGING DATE OF IMRAN’S OATH-TAKING, FROM AUG 11 TO AUG 14 AND NOW AUG 18 ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

In contrast to earlier claims that Pakistan Tehreek-eInsaf (PTI) Chairman Imran Khan will take oath on August 14, PTI Senator Faisal Javed on Friday announced that the prime minister-in-waiting will now be administered oath on August 18. Even though the Imran-led PTI has time and time

PRESIDENT MAMNOON DELAYS EDINBURGH VISIT TO PARTICIPATE IN NEW PM’S SWEARING-IN CEREMONY again claimed to have achieved enough seats for forming their government in the Centre, the party hasn’t been able to decide on its federal cabinet, date of Imran’s oath-taking, his residence beside PTI’s nominee for chief ministership of Punjab. His announcement came a day after President Mamnoon Hussain agreed to convene the National Assembly’s inaugural session on August 13 and postponed his trip to Edinburgh to participate in the oath-

taking ceremony. Mamnoon, who was scheduled to visit Edinburgh from August 16 to August 19, will leave the country following the oath-taking ceremony. Speaking to journalists, PTI Spokesperson Fawad Chaudhry had said that newly-elected members of the NA would take oath at 10am on August 13, which would be followed by the election for speaker and deputy speaker of the assembly through secret balloting. “The procedure takes two to three days, hence it has been decided that the oath-taking would take place on August 18,” he announced, adding that preparations for the ceremony would kick off from Saturday. Though Imran Khan is about to become the PM of the country but his party keeps on taking U-turns. In addition to changing the date of oath-taking — from

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mitment of Dr Pfau,” adding, “The Pakistani nation appreciates the commitment and selfless passion of Dr Pfau towards serving patients.” Dr Askari continued, “The way she served leprosy patients was a unique chapter in the history of public service. There is no doubt that the late Dr Pfau was a ray of hope for the leprosy patients and she made the whole humanity proud by devotedly loving and caring for the ailing humanity.” He concluded by saying that her unprecedented services and role in eradicating leprosy and tuberculosis will always be remembered with respect and reverence in the country. Born in Leipzig in 1929, Dr Pfau saw her home destroyed by bombing during World War Two.

Imran hopes for 'resumption of talks' in meeting with Indian envoy ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Chairman and PM-in-waiting Imran Khan on Friday pushed for the resumption of talks between Pakistan and India during a meeting with Indian High Commissioner Ajay Bisaria at his Banigala residence. Bisaria had called on Imran to greet him on his party’s victory in the july 25 General Election. After the Indian diplomat congratulated Khan, his host “expressed his grave concerns on the human rights violations in the occupied Kashmir”. “I hope that the SAARC leaders’ conference will be held in Islamabad soon,” Khan said. Bisaria, too, hoped that a new chapter in the PakistanIndia relations would soon begin. “The telephonic conversation between Indian PM Narendra Modi and the PTI chairman has given birth to this new hope,” he said. “India is confident that relations with Pakistan will take a turn for the positive.” The high commission also presented to Khan a bat signed by the members of the Indian national cricket team. In July, India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi had telephoned Imran Khan saying his country was ready to enter a new era of relations with Pakistan. A statement issued by the Indian Ministry of External Affairs from New Delhi said Modi had spoken to Khan and “congratulated him for his party emerging as the largest political party in the National Assembly of Pakistan in the recently conducted general elections.”

Aug 11 to Aug 14 and now 18 — it has also backtracked on its stance to hold an “austere national ceremony” and the residence of the incoming premier. Fawad Chaudhary, who had announced that Imran would take oath in a simple ceremony at President House, contradicted his statement, saying, “Sunil Gavaskar, Kapil Dev and Navjot Singh Sidhu have been invited alongside the Pakistan cricket team that had won the world cup.” Fawad’s remarks about the residence of Imran Khan also came in contrast to PTI’s Chief of Staff Naeemul Haque’s claim who had said that the PTI chief would be living at Punjab House’s CM Annexe during his stint as the PM of Pakistan. According to Fawad, Imran won’t be living at the Punjab House or the PM House but will live in Ministers’ Enclave. However, the PTI chief might live at Punjab House for few days till the renovation of his residence at the Ministers’ Enclave.

E-Paper PDF 11 August 2018 (ISB)  
E-Paper PDF 11 August 2018 (ISB)