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US, PAKISTAN LOOK TO FURTHER STRATEGIC TIES STORY ON PAGE 02

Monday, 27 January, 2014 Rabi-ul-Awwal 25, 1435 Rs 17.00 Vol IV No 210 16 Pages Islamabad Edition

Come talk to us, says TTP

STORY ON PAGE 03

Terror threats delay anti-polio drive again STORY ON PAGE 02

India, Japan hit it off, take aim at China Bombings mar India’s Republic Day in Manipur STORY ON PAGE 05

PEMRA chairman decides to move IHC to save his post

Pakistan violates ceasefire in Kashmir: Indian Army

Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA) Chairman Chaudhry Rasheed Ahmed has decided to move a petition in Islamabad High Court (IHC) against the pressure being put on him to quit. Sources close to him said that he has decided not to tender resignation as chairman PEMRA. After consultations with legal experts, the chairman has prepared a petition to be moved in IHC on Monday (today). Rasheed was appointed on the said post during Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) government and his appointment was later declared illegal by the PML-N government, saying that procedures required had not been fulfilled. Pressure is built on him to resign, saying that a majority of...PAGE 03

Pakistani troops violated the ceasefire along the Line of Control (LoC) in Kashmir on the morning of the 65th Republic Day by resorting to unprovoked firing for three hours, the Indian Army said. “At 6:15am, when it was dark, there was unprovoked firing from Pakistani side. They fired about three RPG rounds and small arms on to the Kaman post (in Uri sector) on the Indian side,” General Officer Commanding of 19 Infantry Division Major General Anil Chauhan told reporters. He said the aim of the firing was apparently to disrupt the peace and tranquility along the Line of Control. “Actually, it (the scene of firing) is adjacent to where the Pakistani posts are. So, it could...PAGE 05

UK troops draw up plans to fight their way out of Afghanistan

KPK minister raids PESCO chief’s residence

Army chiefs have drawn up plans for British troops to fight their way out of Afghanistan amid fears that the Taliban will attack as they leave the country, the Mirror newspaper reported on Sunday. Intelligence officers have warned insurgents may strike as forces exit Helmand after the 13year conflict, which has claimed the lives of 447 British troops. Top brass fear coming under fire while pulling out of Camp Bastion and General John Lorimer, the head of British troops, is overseeing contingency plans to minimize the risk. The troops have been trained for possible “withdrawal in contact” from the huge base. Negotiations involving senior Afghan government officials and...PAGE 03

In a tit for tat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) Information Minister Shah Farman raided the residence of Peshwar Electric Supply Company (PESCO) chief on Sunday alleging that he was involved in having illegal connections and theft of electricity. The provincial information minister was accompanied by government officials and the media team. He said PESCO officials were themselves involved in powertheft while the federal Minister for Water and Power Abid Sher Ali was backing the PESCO chief. Earlier, Abid Sher Ali had threatened to cut off the electricity supply of Shah Farman’s constituency because on the basis of “massive theft of electricity in the area...PAGE 02

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02 NEWS

Monday, 27 January, 2014

US, Pakistan look to further strategic ties DIALOGUE IS OPPORTUNITY FOR BOTH COUNTRIES TO START A NEW CHAPTER IN TIES WASHINGTON

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ATIONAL Security and Foreign Affairs Adviser Sartaj Aziz has arrived in Washington to lead Pakistan-US Strategic Dialogue with Secretary of State John Kerry on Monday (today), as the two countries look to finalise a blueprint aimed at bolstering future ties. The Pakistani delegation includes Defence Minister Khawaja Asif. The US interlocutors will include senior level representatives from the Department of Energy, Overseas Private Investment Corporation, USAID, US Trade Representative and the Treasury.

PAKISTAN LIKELY TO CALL FOR EXPANSION IN TRADE TIES The officials will work to “put together a blueprint of where we can take this relationship over the course of the next six months to a year”, a State Department official said ahead of the revived ministerial dialogue that will focus on wide-ranging economic, energy and security areas. Meanwhile, a report in the US media saw the dialogue as offering an opportunity for the two countries to start a new chapter in their relationship, affected by years of Afghan war controversies. The Voice of America noted that the war in Afghanistan strained the bilateral relationship. But now the US is drawing down its troops from Afghanistan, and Kerry says it’s time to resume a strategic dialogue. The broadcast service also quoted a statement of John Kerry in

Hashmi invites JUI-F to join sit-in against NATO supplies PESHAWAR: Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) President Makhdoom Javed Hashmi has said that his party’s sit-in suspending NATO supplies and protests against the US drone strikes were not aimed at political point-scoring but meant to help the country get rid of the so-called war on terror which has shaken the ideological basis of the country besides putting our sovereignty and stability at stake. He stated this while talking to media persons on the occasion of PTI’s sit-in at Peshawar Ring Road for closure of the NATO supplies. Javed Hashmi said that Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam Fazal (JUI-F) chief Fazlur Rehman should realise the fact that he will get nothing by his continuous propaganda against the KP government, instead he should join the PTI protests and sits-in which is the desire of every loyal Pakistani citizen. “the JUI-F will be welcomed wholeheartedly if it intends to join protests for a noble cause which was not an issue of a single political party but question of survival of the entire nation”, he added. He said that the PTI sit-in has sent message across the whole world that masses of Pakistan want an end to the unjustified drone attacks and the US interference in internal affairs of the country. Javed Hashmi said drone strikes kill majority of innocent civilians including women and children and have been condemned and declared illegal across the globe. INP

PPO to turn country into police state: PTI MULTAN: Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Vice-Chairman Shah Mahmood Qureshi on Sunday termed Protection of Pakistan Ordinance (PPO) black law, saying that it would turn the country into a police state. Addressing a news conference at his residence, Qureshi said that the new ordinance was like imposition of a civilian martial law in the country. He appealed to opposition parties and the Pakistan Bar Council (PBC) to oppose the bill and added that constitution cannot be negated for personal interests. The PTI leader explained that suspects would be arrested without any justification due to the bill. “Security forces can detain anybody sans arrest warrant and it will have no record,” he added. The PTI leader urged the Supreme Court to take a suo motu notice to defend the constitution. INP

which he said the US is committed to a long-term relationship with Pakistan. The US State Department officials noted on Friday that Pakistan and the United States have greatly improved their relationship since 2011. “I think the relationship has become quite good between President Barack Obama and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. The PM had an excellent visit (in October 2013) here, a very comprehensive set of meetings,” a senior State Department official said. Similarly, the official noted, Secretary Kerry had a good visit to Pakistan and established a good relationship with Aziz. “So at a personal level I think people are comfortable with each other, they have gotten to know each other, and the dialogue can be very candid, a first-name basis sort of thing.” Afghanistan will also be a major topic of discussion, amid uncertainty over the fate of bilateral security agreement between Washington and Kabul and the future of that country. But the

US officials say Washington-Islamabad relations are independent of current Afghan situation. “We have a direct bilateral economic relationship with Pakistan. We’re Pakistan’s largest market. We have an interest in Pakistan’s economic development. And we have an interest in Pakistan’s domestic security. Pakistan is a large populous, nuclear-armed nation, and it is important that its constitutional order and democratic processes continue to be strengthened. We have made a major investment in that. The Kerry-Lugar-Berman money is not tied to Afghanistan,” a senior official said. The dialogue covers five areas of cooperation and detailed discussions at the level of working groups on energy, defense, strategic stability, economic and finance, and law enforcement and counterterrorism. The last strategic dialogue was held in 2010. The Pakistani side is likely to call for expansion in trade ties, particularly greater access for Pakistani products in the US market.

Terror threats delay anti-polio drive again HEALTH DEPARTMENT OFFICIALS SAY DRIVE IS EXPECTED TO BEGIN NEXT WEEK PESHAWAR STAFF REPORT

The anti-polio vaccination campaign scheduled to start in Peshawar on Sunday was postponed once again due to incomplete security arrangements and threats from the terrorists. Peshawar Extended Programme on Immunisation of Polio Coordinator Dr Imtiaz Ali Shah said that proper arrangements for the drive were not in place due to which the campaign would not kick off as per earlier announcement. He declined to further comment or elaborate on the issue. The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Health Department sources said the drive was expected to begin next week now and around 800,000 children will be administered the anti-polio vaccine, during the drive. Earlier, the KP health authorities had requested

the Education Department to help carry out the campaign through teachers, following attacks on polio workers and killing of security personnel, but the teachers refused to undertake training for the vaccination and participate in the drive, citing low wages and security concerns as the reasons. However, on Saturday, over 9,000 teachers of the province agreed to kick start the campaign after holding successful negotiations with the government. Pakistan is one of only three countries in the world where polio remains endemic, along with Afghanistan and Nigeria. Efforts to eradicate it have been seriously hampered by the deadly targeting of vaccination teams in recent years. Terrorist groups see vaccination campaigns as a cover for espionage, and there are also long running rumours about polio drops causing infertility. There was a rise in the number of polio cases detected in the province and particularly in Peshawar in 2013 as compared to 2012. At least one case of the crippling virus has been discovered in the province so far this year. The World Health Organisation (WHO) on January 17 had declared Peshawar as the world’s “largest reservoir” of endemic polio and called for urgent action to boost vaccination.

Negotiations only way to curb terrorism: Fazl JUI-F CHIEF SAYS HIS PARTY IS DETERMINED TO TOPPLE PTI GOVT PESHAWAR STAFF REPORT

Fazlur Rehman, chief of his own faction of the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam, on Sunday supported resolution of terrorism issue through negotiations and said that it is only possible if the two sides declare a ceasefire. “Declaration of ceasefire is essential,” the clerics said while addressing a rally in Peshawar. According to the party, the rally was arranged to bring people’s problems into the government’s notice. The rally was also addressed by JUI-F federal minister Akram Khan Durrani. Instead of focusing on economic issues such as price hike, unemployment, poverty and terrorism, the JUI-F chief and other leaders flayed the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf leaders. They said the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government had failed on

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every front. They said, “The government does not exist in the province. All of its matters are disposed of by non-governmental organisations in Islamabad.” Supporting dialogue between the government and the Taliban terrorists, Fazl said, “Our party had established a jirga some two years back for the purpose.” He suggested the federal government to let the jirga to enter into dialogue with the terrorists. He was sure. The JUI-F chief said that he was unhappy with deadly attacks against security forces and destruction of schools as it was not only causing irreparable losses, but also damaging image of the country at international level. He said that armed forces should be given a chance to fulfill its responsibilities to bring peace. Levelling serious allegations on the PTI government, the cleric said, “The PTI government had exposed its efficiency within months.” He added that NGOs, both foreign and local, were tackling all affairs pertaining to KP. His party was determined to bringing an end to PTI government as it had failed in fulfilling its responsibilities, he concluded.

Asfandyar slams federal and KPK govts CHARSADDA: Awami National Party (ANP) head Asfandyar Wali Khan Sunday called on the federal government to restore peace in the country by negotiation or by conductin of operation. “We need peace whether the government achieves it through negotiations or by launching a military operation,” Asfandyar said while addressing a public gathering in Charsadda on the death anniversary of his grandfather, Bacha Khan. He said that the government was given a mandate to initiate peace talks with Taliban in the All Parties Conference (APC). The interior minister should tell the nation if he is going to hold talks with the militant groups or not. Asfandyar questioned why the federal and KPK governments are confused about holding talks with the Taliban and asked why the other parties are not being taken onboard regarding the dialogue. The ANP leader said it was responsibility of the provincial government to restore law and order in the province. He said that the PTI should stage a sit-in at Karachi port to block NATO supplies, instead of point-scoring in Peshawar area. Asfandyar was of the view that the situation in the country is getting out of control due to intensity in terrorist activities. INP

KP govt seeks control of power generation ISLAMABAD: PTI Central Information Secretary Shireen Mazari on Sunday called on the government to hand over KPgenerated electricity’s generation, transmission and distribution to the KP government to put a stop to the prevalent corruption and electricity theft. She said the expose of the PESCO chief’s electricity theft makes it even more critical that KP is given charge for electricity generation from the province. She regretted that the federal government had yet to respond to the detailed proposal sent to it by the KP CM. According to Mazari, this showed the nonseriousness of the government and its total lack of commitment to improving governance. In addition, by allowing officials to indulge in electricity theft, the government was complicit in passing on the cost of electricity theft on to the consumers in the form of inflated electricity bills. She said this was shameful as poor paying consumers were being made to pay the price of electricity theft by government officials and departments. She demanded that the government respond positively and fast to the KP CM’s detailed proposal regarding taking control of the power sector in KP. The PTI lawmaker also demanded that the government remove PESCO chief immediately. STAFF REPORT

KPK minister raids PESCO chief’s house PESHAWAR: In a tit for tat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) Information Minister Shah Farman raided the residence of Peshwar Electric Supply Company (PESCO) chief on Sunday alleging that he was involved in having illegal connections and theft of electricity. The provincial information minister was accompanied by government officials and the media team. He said PESCO officials were themselves involved in power-theft while the federal Minister for Water and Power Abid Sher Ali was backing the PESCO chief. Earlier, Abid Sher Ali had threatened to cut off the electricity supply of Shah Farman’s constituency because on the basis of “massive theft of electricity in the area and non-payment of power bills”. Political observers and media analysts say that the action of the provincial information minister will lead to a new cold war between the Centre and the KPK. INP


Monday, 27 January, 2014

NEWS

Six children killed in Hangu blast HANGU

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T least six children, including a girl of the same family, were killed when a bomb exploded outside their home in Baber Mela area on Sunday. As per initial reports, the blast occurred when the children, aged between two and seven years, were playing with a ‘toy’ outside their home. Security forces cordoned off the area and launched a search operation after the explosion.

ALTAF CONDEMNS: The leader of Muttahida Quami Movement (MQM) Altaf Hussain has strongly condemned the killing of six children after a toy bomb went off in Hangu. He said that targeting children by means of a toy bomb was cowardly and below humanity. He said it had become necessary for the armed forces and the government to devise a strong line of action for combating terrorism effectively. He urged on the federal and provincial governments to take immediate action against the terrorists involved in the unfortunate incident.

Enemy wants to create Syria-like situation: Beg KARACHI: Former army chief General (r) Mirza Aslam Beg on Sunday said that those pressing the prime minister for operation against Taliban want to dislodge the government to create Egypt and Syria-like situation. In an interview, Beg said that instead of operation, dialogue would be a better option in the larger interest of the country. He said the army has all the power and capability to crush terrorism but it would have to consider whether the government would be able to control the situation after the operation. The former COAS said, “Our enemy is at the back of Maulvi Fazlullah and providing him arms and finances.” He said Fazlullah was in Afghanistan and being supported by Afghan government and others. He said the government should take the bitter pill of dialogue process with Taliban and should not take any step in haste. INP

Achakzai turns down offer to join federal cabinet ISLAMABAD: Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami Party (PkMAP) chief Mehmood Khan Achakzai has turned down the offer to join the federal cabinet and excused from joining the Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz-led (PML-N) government in the center. According to sources, Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan, on behalf of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, had invited the PkMAP head to join the federal government but Achakzai has refused to join the federal cabinet, saying that the alliance between PML-N and PkMAP will be kept limited to the provincial level. Achakzai said that his party will support the federal government but will not be a part of the cabinet, the sources added. Sources also revealed that the interior minister had also offered a ministry to the PkMAP chief which was too rejected by him. INP

PEMRA chairman to move IHC to ‘save his post’

COME TALK TO US: TTP MIRANSHAH: Banned terrorist outfit Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) has once again offered to hold peace talks with the government on Sunday. TTP spokesman Shahidullah Shahid said that they were ready to hold talks with the government if it provided favourable atmosphere for the process. In a statement, Shahid also said that he told Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam-Sam (JUI-S) chief

Samiul Haq that the government only gave statements on the media so that the attention of the people could be diverted. He claimed that the government was trying to impose a war on the tribal people after selfdenial and forming allegations. He claimed that the media has made a baseless propaganda regarding the TTP whereas they wish to remain neutral with the media. AGENCIES

Govt should clarify its stance on terrorism: Aitzaz Ahsan LAHORE STAFF REPORT

Leader of the opposition in Senate Aitzaz Ahsan on Sunday asked the government to clarify its position regarding policies and strategies to curb terrorism and call a joint session of parliament in this regard. Talking to reporters, the PPP senator said the government was in catch22 situation, neither i t could proceed over d i a logues

with the Taliban nor it can decide to launch a military operation against terrorists. He demanded that the government call a joint session of parliament to hold debate over the issue, get the viewpoint of allied and opposition parties and then chalk out a plan how to tackle the problem of terrorism. The opposition leader said that each and every Pakistani citizen was facing problems due to prevailing situation and wants to get rid of the ongoing circumstances but it is the responsibility of the government to resolve the issues. Commenting over the ailing former president Pervez

Musharraf, the PPP leader said that if Musharraf succeeded in going abroad for his treatment, he would never return. He alleged that Musharraf was coward and was looking for a safe passage.

Terrorists hurl grenade at Senator Shah’s house TANK: Unidentified terrorists on Sunday hurled grenades at the residence of Senator Saleh Shah. However, no loss was reported. Police said that unidentified motorcyclists hurled a hand grenade at the house of Senator Saleh Shah located in Murtaza area of Tank. The grenade partially damaged the house but all residents remained safe in the attack. The police cordoned off the area after the attack and launched a search operation but the assailants managed to escape. Meanwhile, senators and leaders of the political parties condemned the attack. The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government took notice of the incident and directed the police to arrest the culprits. INP

Police constable gunned down in Peshawar PESHAWAR: Unknown militants gunned down a policeman on Sunday and escaped from the scene. Police said unidentified armed assailants sprayed bullets at a cop who was on routine security duty in Jhanda Bazaar of Peshawar. As a result of the firing, Constable Ghulam Ahmed was killed on the spot while the attackers fled the scene after the crime. The police, placing strict cordon in the area, launched a search operation for the accused but to no avail. INP

Kabul bombing kills four

It’s time for peace: Ameer Maqam PESHAWAR INP

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA) Chairman Chaudhry Rasheed Ahmed has decided to move a petition in Islamabad High Court (IHC) against the pressure being put on him to quit. Sources close to him said that he has decided not to tender resignation as chairman PEMRA. After consultations with legal experts, the chairman has prepared a petition to be moved in IHC on Monday (today). Rasheed was appointed on the said post during Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) government and his appointment was later declared illegal by the PML-N government, saying that procedures required had not been fulfilled. Pressure is built on him to resign, saying that a majority of the PEMRA employees were not satisfied with his attitude and conduct. Earlier, a three-member facts finding committee, led by the information secretary, had presented a report after investigation before board of the authority and recommended NAB to take action against Rasheed for his alleged involvement in corruption. INP

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Advisor to the prime minister and senior leader of Pakistan Muslim League (PML-N) Ameer Maqam has said that government is keen to restore peace and willing to hold talks with the Taliban for the purpose. Talking to a private TV channel Sunday, Ameer Maqam asked PTI Chairman Imran Khan, JUI-S chief Maulana Samiul Haq, JUI-F head Maulana Fazlur Rehman and Ameer JI Munawar Hassan to unearth the agenda of the Taliban. The PM advisor said that the government is desirous to restore peace, avoiding any anarchy or bloodshed. However, he clarified that any agenda challenging the writ of the government will not be accepted at any cost. Ameer Maqam warned that if PTI-led Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) government stayed away of the federal government efforts to eliminate terrorism, militancy would rise in the country.

KABUL: A suicide bomber has blown himself up close to a bus carrying soldiers in the Afghan capital Kabul, killing at least four people, official say. The Taliban said they carried out the attack in the south-east of the city. They have stepped up their campaign ahead of the departure of NATOled combat troops at the end of 2014. The latest attack is the third by the insurgents in Kabul in just over a week. On 17 January, 21 people died in a gun and bomb attack on a restaurant. In Sunday's attack, two soldiers on the bus and two civilians on the road died when the suicide bomber detonated his vest, a spokesman for the ministry of defence said. The BBC's David Loyn in Kabul says government buses carrying security forces and workers to ministries in the capital are a common sight - and an easy target. Earlier this month, a spokesman told the BBC the militants are "confident of victory" over NATO-led forces and already control large areas of the country. AGENCIES

NA meets today ISLAMABAD: The National Assembly (NA) will meet at the Parliament House in Islamabad today (Monday). Besides regular business‚ it will debate on the current security and economic situation in the country. The meeting, which will be held in the Parliament House in the afternoon, will deliberate on how to tackle questions on security issues, economic challenges, energy crisis, gas load-shedding and others. The Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT) police have been directed to make “unprecedented security” arrangements for the Parliament House during NA session. ONlINE

UK troops draw up plans to fight their way out of Afghanistan INTELLIGENCE OFFICERS HAVE WARNED INSURGENTS MAY STRIKE AS FORCES EXIT HELMAND AFTER 13-YEAR CONFLICT LONDON INP

Army chiefs have drawn up plans for British troops to fight their way out of Afghanistan amid fears that the Taliban will attack as they leave the country, the Mirror newspaper reported on Sunday.

Intelligence officers have warned insurgents may strike as forces exit Helmand after the 13year conflict, which has claimed the lives of 447 British troops. Top brass fear coming under fire while pulling out of Camp Bastion and General John Lorimer, the head of British troops, is overseeing

contingency plans to minimize the risk. The troops have been trained for possible “withdrawal in contact” from the huge base. Negotiations involving senior Afghan government officials and diplomats have been taking place to ensure that UK forces leave Afghanistan without being attacked, the newspaper said. The Taliban have already claimed that they are moving into Helmand and three weeks ago a joint ‘Taliban and Afghan Police patrol’ was spotted in Sangin - the town where the majority of UK soldiers were killed. A source said,

“Planning is at an advance stage but is constantly changing as we identify new constraints. It is a fact that we could leave fighting our way out. It is something we need to be ready for, but we want to avoid that. “We will maintain overwhelming firepower with Apache and fixed wing jets, which the Taliban cannot match and the aim is that the Afghan Army will cover our backs. “We expect the Taliban to make a lot of propaganda noise in the next few months as they try and win the information war.” The final deployment includes armoured, reconnais-

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sance and infantry troops who are expected to be based in Camp Bastion and tasked to protect the base as any remaining equipment is packed and shipped back to the UK. More than £25 million worth of equipment at Camp Bastion is currently up for sale and advertised on a MoD website with items ranging from generators to tented accommodation and kitchen units. In addition, defence chiefs want to sell of hundreds of vehicles which they say will be more cost effective for the taxpayer than bringing them back to the UK, where the army will

have little use for them. But if they are not sold off, some equipment will be gifted to the Afghans and other items will, in military terms be ‘disposed of’ blown up by bomb disposal specialists and avoid it falling into the hands of the Taliban. General Lorimer is overseeing plans to make sure that the withdrawal of soldiers in 2014 does not end in a battle as it did when British troops withdrew in 1842. Then the British garrison agreed a ‘peaceful withdrawal’ of forces from Kabul, but as they left the city and headed for Jalalabad they were attacked and hundreds killed.


04 NEWS

Monday, 27 January, 2014

NSA AlSo ServeS ecoNomic iNtereStS: SNowdeN iNterview BERLIN

about NSA surveillance programs, Snowden will also address "his personal path" to leaking the information. Snowden, 30, fled the United States in May last year after revealing that his government was collecting telephone data from millions of US citizens, monitoring vast amounts of private Internet traffic and eavesdropping on the conversations of foreign friends and foes alike. On Thursday, in a questionand-answer session on the "Free Snowden" website, Snowden ruled out returning to the United States, where he said there was no chance of a free trial. US Attorney General Eric Holder has said he was unlikely to consider mercy for Snowden.

HE US National Security Agency (NSA) sometimes uses data it collects for economic purposes, Whistleblower Edward Snowden revealed in an extract of an interview with a German television chain. The interview is expected to be broadcasted on Sunday. "If there is information, for example on Siemens, which is in the national interest, but has nothing to do with national security, they will still use this information," said Snowden, according to the German translation of the interview on public television ARD.

The interview was carried out by a journalist for NDR, a regional chain belonging to the broadcaster that has analysed secret documents that Snowden leaked to journalists. Under top secrecy, the chain this week in Moscow filmed the first interview with Snowden since he left Hong Kong in 2013 to seek refuge in Russia. On its website, NDR said that Snowden assured he was no longer in possession of any confidential documents, as they had all been handed out to handpicked journalists. The former NSA contractor said he no longer wants to, or is able to take part in any future revelations. Other than the consequences of his revelations

DOZENS HELD IN BRAZIL ON ANTI-FIFA WORLD CUP PROTESTS

SYRIAN RIVALS FACE EACH OTHER FOR THE FIRST TIME

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AGENCIES

SAO PAULO: As many as 128 people were detained by police in the Brazilian city of Sao Paulo during clashes following a demonstration against this year's football World Cup. A car was set on fire. Shops, banks and a police vehicle were also damaged. The violence forced the authorities to cancel some of the festivities planned for the city's 460th anniversary. Earlier, some 2,500 people took to the street to complain about the costs of staging the World Cup in Brazil. They marched through central Sao Paulo waving flags, carrying banners and chanting: "There will be no Cup". There were similar small protests in Rio de Janeiro and other cities. "We are against the millions and millions of dollars being spent for the Cup," university student Leonardo Pelegrini dos Santos told a foreign news agency. AGENCIES

GENEVA AGENCIES

Syria's rivals on Saturday held their first face-to-face meetings for talks aimed at ending nearly three years of conflict which has killed 130,000 people and destabilized the wider Middle East. Government and opposition delegates faced each other across a negotiating table at the United Nations headquarters for a total of three hours in the presence of mediator Lakhdar Brahimi, who described the meetings as "a good beginning". While political differences which Brahimi says must form the core of their talks appear insurmountable for now, the two sides focused on Saturday on a possible humanitarian deal aimed at building confidence in the negotiating process. Brahimi said he hoped that authorities in Syria would approve access on Sunday for an

aid convoy to reach the rebelheld centre of Homs, allowing it to be delivered on Monday. "We haven't achieved much, but we are continuing," he told a news conference after the talks concluded for the day. Anxious to avoid any possible confrontations, organizers ensured the two parties entered and left the negotiation room for the morning and afternoon sessions through separate doors. Brahimi said they faced each other during the meeting but addressed their remarks through him. "This is what happens in civilized discussions, you talk to the president or the speaker or the chairman," he said. The veteran international mediator also said he set out his plans for the talks over the coming weeks, stressing that they must ultimately be focused on implementing a June 2012 declaration which called for a transitional governing body to be set up with the consent of Syria's opposing forces.

MALL SHOOTING LEAVES 3 DEAD IN BALTIMORE, MARYLAND BALTIMORE: Two stores employees were shot dead while another person was injured on Saturday in a shootout incident in United States’ Baltimore suburbs of Maryland when a gunman opened fire with a shotgun in a skate shop at a crowded shopping mall before shooting himself. The police said they did not know the motive for the shooting at the large mall in Columbia, about 20 miles west of Baltimore. The shooter has been identified tentatively but his name has not been released, he also carried explosive material in a bag, police added. One person suffered a gunshot wound to the foot, and four others were injured in the chaos. All the injured were discharged after medical treatment at a hospital. The event took place at about 11:15 a.m. local time on an upper floor of the mall, crowded with weekend shoppers. Police forces responded to the shooting within two minutes and found the three bodies within the skate store. Police said in a statement Saturday night that a search of the shooter's bag found inside the store discovered "two crude devices that appeared to be an attempt at making explosives using fireworks." Police said both devices were disabled, and that police will conduct a thorough search of the mall using K-9 units through the night. Investigators also were reviewing footage from surveillance cameras around the mall. The attack in Columbia follows a shooting at a New Jersey mall in November in which a gunman fired at least six shots without hitting anyone, then killing himself. AGENCIES

17 KILLED IN ATTACKS IN IRAQ BAGHDAD: A mortar bomb attack and car bombing killed at least 17 people on Saturday across Iraq. In a village close to the Iraqi city of Baquba, 65 km (40 miles) northeast of Baghdad, six people were killed when three mortar bombs dropped in the area. According to police, five of the victims were of the same family, including a woman and a child. In a Sunni populated district of Saydiya of Baghdad capital, a bomb exploded near a grocery market, killing two and injuring seven people. A car bomb killed three people and wounded 12 more in the western Amriya district of Baghdad. Two cars bombs went off at once in the northern town of Tuz Khurmato, 170 km north of Baghdad, claiming four more lives and wounding nice people, police and medical sources said. AGENCIES

BANGKOK’S ANTI-GOVT LEADER PAYS PRICE FOR PROTEST BANGKOK AGENCIES

One of the leaders of antigovernment protests in Thailand was shot dead on Sunday when violence erupted as demonstrators in Bangkok tried to block early voting for an election next week. Police identified the man as Suthin Taratin. At least five other people were also injured in the clash. Protesters stormed polling stations in Bangkok on Sunday, chaining doors shut and suspending advance voting in nearly all centres ahead of a disputed election next week. A deputy prime minister said 45 of 50 polling stations in the capital had been shut

SUSHIL KOIRALA SET TO BECOME NEPAL'S PM KATHMANDU

UAE KHALIFA STABLE AFTER HEART SURGERY DUBAI: The president of United Arab Emirates underwent a heart surgery after suffering from a stroke, the state news agency reported on Sunday. A statement from presidential affairs ministry said the president, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, suffered a heart stroke on Friday morning and was immediately taken for a surgical operation. ONLINE

down and advance voting was disrupted in 10 of Thailand's 76 provinces. "Protesters blocked voters. In many areas of Bangkok protesters used force to prevent people from voting," Foreign Minister Surapong Tovichakchaikul, also a deputy prime minister, said in a televised address. "This is a very serious offence indeed." On Saturday, a government minister said Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra was willing to discuss calling off the February 2 election if activists ended more than two months of often riotous protests and agreed not to boycott or interrupt a rescheduled poll. Yingluck called the snap

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Sushil Koirala is set to become Nepal's next Prime Minister after being elected Sunday as the Parliamentary Party leader of the Nepali Congress, which emerged as the single largest party in the Constituent Assembly elections. The 74-year-old Nepali Congress president defeated his rival senior party leader and three-time Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba by 16 votes in the Parliamentary Party election. Of the total 194 valid votes, Koirala se-

cured 105 votes while Deuba got 89 votes. Nepali Congress is the largest party in the 601seat Constituent Assembly after it secured 196 seats in the November 19 polls. Koirala, being the Parliamentary Party leader of the Nepali Congress, the largest party in the Constituent Assembly, is most likely to be the next Prime Minister of Nepal. Nepali Congress, however, needs support from either CPNUML or Unified CPN-Maoist and other fringe parties to reach the magical number of 301 seats in the Constituent Assembly to form the government.

elections of February 2 election in the hope to cling on to power in the face of the riots. Yingluck's government had warned anyone who tried to stop voting would face jail or fines, or both. Any delay in the poll will do little to repress the resolution of protest leader Suthep Thaugsuban, a former deputy prime minister, who has rejected elections, and is unlikely to provide a quick resolution to the current deadlock. It was already unclear whether the election would go ahead after a Constitutional Court added to the pressure on Yingluck on Friday with a ruling that opened the possibility of a delay.

EGYPT DIPLOMATS EXIT LIBYA AFTER KIDNAPPINGS TRIPOLI: Egypt's ambassador and his staff exited from Libya for security reasons after the kidnapping of five of their colleagues, the foreign ministry said on Sunday. "The ambassador and more than 50 staff and diplomats of the Egyptian embassy left Tripoli on Saturday evening," ministry spokesman Saeed Lassoued told a foreign news agency, adding that the evacuation had been decided on security grounds. Libyan Justice Minister Salah alMarghani has linked the kidnappings to the arrest of a prominent former Libyan rebel commander, in Egypt on Friday, who fought in the 2011 uprising against Moamer Kadhafi. AGENCIES

49 KILLED ON UPRISING’S 3RD ANNIVERSARY IN EGYPT CAIRO: Clashes during protests in Egypt on Saturday lead to a death toll of 49 during violence, the Egyptian Health Ministry said on Sunday, that sparked on the third anniversary of the a popular uprising that ousted Hosni Mubarak last year . 250 people were also injured in the capital and other area, the ministry said. Thousands gathered in support of army chief General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, who toppled Egypt's first democratically elected president in July while others protested against the military-backed government. The Interior Ministry said in a statement on Sunday that it had detained 1,079 "rioters" in possession of rifles, petrol bombs, fireworks, and other weapons. It said that a number of policemen were also injured in clashes. Egypt has been gripped by political upheaval and street violence since Mubarak's was ousted. AGENCIES

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Monday, 27 January, 2014

NEWS

BOMBINGS MAR INDIA’S REPUBLIC DAY IN MANIPUR SUSPECTED NAXALS PUT UP BLACK FLAGS IN MALKANGIRI DISTRICT NEW DELHI

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AGENCIES

NDIAN Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and his visiting Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe agreed to further deepen the strategic and global partnership, Indian media reported on Sunday. Singh said Japan was at the heart of India’s Look East policy. The meeting saw Abe, the first Japanese PM to attend India’s Republic Day celebrations as chief guest on Sunday, emphasised on the need for the two countries to contribute jointly to the peace, stability and prosperity of the region and the world taking into account changes in the strategic environment, as a joint statement issued after the meeting said. While China has so far refrained from making any adverse comment about Abe’s decision to accept India’s invitation to grace the Republic Day, Beijing’s likely response to Abe’s presence at the 26 January parade has been a subject of much speculation by international media. The Indian government has already clarified that the Republic Day parade is as much civilian as it is military. The two countries signed as many as eight agreements, including one for promotion of tourism and several others for Japanese soft loans and ODA to India. In a media statement after the talks, Singh expressed satisfaction over political engagement and expanding defence and security cooperation between India and Japan. In this context, Singh acknowledged the announcement of Japan’s National Se-

PAKISTAN FOR BUILDING TIES WITH INDIA‚ AUSTRALIA ISLAMABAD: President Mamnoon Hussain and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif have expressed their desire to build friendly and cooperative relations with India for the progress and prosperity of the region. The desire was expressed in their separate messages of felicitation to Indian President Pranab Mukherjee and Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh on India’s Republic Day being celebrated on Sunday. Both said it was their sincere desire to build mutually beneficial relations between the two countries. They extended warm greetings and wished the people of India continued progress and prosperity. Meanwhile‚ Nawaz congratulated Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott on the occasion of their National Day. The prime minister said excellent relations between Pakistan and Australia are underpinned by shared objectives‚ mutual interests and commonality of vision for future. He said Pakistan looks forward to building upon and further strengthening these bilateral ties through enhanced bilateral political‚ corporate‚ commercial and cultural exchanges at all levels. AGENCIES

A SUGARY DELIGHT AT NO MAN’S LAND g

BSF gives sweets to Pakistan Rangers at Wahga border

ATTARI: Border Security Force (BSF) Sunday offered sweets and fruits to the Pakistan Rangers to mark India’s 65th Republic Day. BSF officers and troopers walked up to the zero line at the AttariWagah border gate, 30 km from Amritsar, to met the Pakistan Rangers personnel. Sweets were also offered by the BSF to their Pakistani counterpart at the Hussainiwala border in Ferozepur district. Punjab shares a 553-km international border with Pakistan. The entire border is sealed with electrified barbed wire erected inside Indian territory. STAFF REPORT

curity Strategy and the establishment of the national security council (NSC) of Japan. The two PMs expressed satisfaction with the launch of regular consultations between the secretary general of national security secretariat of Japan and India’s national security advisor. While welcoming Japan’s participation in the Malabar exercise and the meeting to discuss co-production of US-2 amphibian aircraft, Singh also noted that the discussion between the two countries for a civil nuclear agreement had gained momentum. Both sides directed their officials to exert further efforts towards an early conclusion of the agreement. Abe, however, stressed the importance of bringing into force the Comprehensive Nuc l e a r - Te s t - B a n Treaty (CTBT) at an early date. Singh on his part reiterated India’s commitment to its unilateral and voluntary moratorium on nuclear explosive testing. The two PMs also reaffirmed their commitment to cooperate in the rare earths sector and shared “the strong resolution” that the commencement of commercial production of rare earths by Indian and Japanese enterprises should take place at the earliest. Singh also praised the pledge by Abe for the “Delhi Mass Rapid Transport System Project (Phase 3 (II))” for 148.887 billion yen, the “New and Renewable Energy Development Project (Phase II)” for 30 billion yen and the “Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Energy Saving Project (Phase III)” for 30 billion yen. Singh appreciated Japan’s expertise and technology of high speed railway (Shinkansen) system and noted Japan’s interest in introducing that system in India. Meanwhile, the celebrations were marred in

Manipur where suspected militants triggered four powerful bomb explosions. However, none was injured in the blasts in different places in and around Imphal. Six major insurgent outfits in Manipur had given a call to boycott the Republic Day celebrations. Two bombs exploded in the capital complex near the deputy commissioner’s office at around 8.25am at the centrally located Kangla, while two other explosions were reported from Chingmeirong and Chingamakha on the outskirts of the city at around 11 AM. In Jammu, Governor NN Vohra hoisted the tri-colour at Maulana Azad Stadium, saying security forces should continue to maintain a close vigil without lowering their guard until a peaceful environment emerged in

Jammu and Kashmir. He asked Pakistan to maintain calm along the border and said repeated ceasefire violations and cross-border infiltration have yet again disrupted normalcy in the state. “Needless to say, till a peaceful environment emerges our security forces shall continue to enforce eternal vigil along the frontiers without lowering their guard,” Vohra said. Vohra hoped Pakistan will “respond positively” to the peace initiatives which have recently been taken by India. In Srinagar, shops and business estab-

Kashmiris observe india’s republic day as blacK day ISLAMABAD: Kashmiris on both sides of the Line of Control (LoC) and across the world on Sunday observed India’s Republic Day as black day to convey to the international community that India’s claim of being a democratic republic is totally misleading as it has denied the people of Kashmir their inalienable right to selfdetermination. Call for the observance of the Black Day had been given by the All Parties Hurriyet Conference, veteran Kashmiri Hurriyet leader, Syed Ali Gilani, the JKLF Chairman Muhammad Yasin Malik, the High Court Bar Association and other pro- liberation leaders and organisations. The day was marked with a complete strike in occupied Kashmir. Gun-toting Indian troops and police personnel manned every nook and corner of all the major cities and towns of the territory to ensure that people do not hold anti-India demonstrations. The occupation authorities also deployed troops and police personnel in strength around the Bakhshi Stadium, the main venue of official function in Srinagar and other vital installations across the valley. APP lishments remained closed and traffic remained off the roads in most parts of the valley in wake of a strike called by Hurriyat Conference leader Syed Ali Geelani and other separatists in support of resolution of Kashmir issue. Assam Governor Janaki Ballabh Patnaik appealed to underground militant groups to abjure violence and come to the discussion table to solve the issues for an overall development of the state. Hoisting the tricolour in Guwahati, he condemned the recent incidents of violence in many districts across Assam and said the culprits will be punished. The day was celebrated across Odisha with gaiety and enthusiasm amidst tightened security in view of a boycott call by Maoists. Suspected Naxals put up black flags in some pockets of Chitrakonda and Kalimela areas in Malkangiri district. Four persons, including a government employee, were abducted in Giridih district of

Jharkhand by suspected Maoists ahead of the Republic Day. The rebels intercepted a car near Nokanya village and abducted the occupants an employee of a block development office, two members of a panchayat, another person and the driver of the vehicle - yesterday, Giridih Superintendent of Police Kranti Kumar said. They, however, let off the driver later. Chhattisgarh Governor Shekhar Dutt asserted that the state government would firmly deal with Naxals and other terror elements operating in the state. “Steps are being taken to provide better resources and facilities to security forces. Every possible effort is being made to boost their morale and instill confidence among those who are living in the Naxal-hit regions,” he said. For the first time in Mumbai, the parade was held at Marine Drive, instead of the Shivaji Park ground. Thousands of people had gathered to witness the colourful event, attended by Bollywood actors including Salman Khan, Ranbir Kapoor, Preity Zinta, Sushmita Sen and Shreyas Talpade. It was a momentous day for 13 prisoners in Himachal Pradesh when they took part in “prisoners band squad” during the parade in Shimla, marching to the tune of ‘Sare Jahan Sey Accha.’

Pakistan violates ceasefire in Kashmir: Indian Army MAJOR GENERAL CHAUHAN SAYS AIM OF FIRING WAS APPARENTLY TO DISRUPT PEACE ALONG LOC NEW DELHI ONLINE

Pakistani troops violated the ceasefire along the Line of Control (LoC) in Kashmir on the

morning of the 65th Republic Day by resorting to unprovoked firing for three hours, the Indian Army said. “At 6:15am, when it was dark, there was unprovoked firing from Pakistani side. They fired about three RPG rounds and small arms on to the Kaman post (in Uri sector) on the Indian side,” General Officer Commanding of 19 Infantry Division Major General Anil Chauhan told reporters. He said the aim of the firing was apparently to disrupt the peace and tranquility along the Line of Control. “Ac-

tually, it (the scene of firing) is adjacent to where the Pakistani posts are. So, it could be speculated that elements inimical to the interests of welfare of people, rather I would say crossLoC trade or for maintenance of peace and tranquility along the LoC (opened the firing),” he said. The army officer said the Indian troops did not retaliate to the three-hour firing from the Pakistani side. “In spite of continuous firing at the LoC for three hours, we have shown great restraint and did not retaliate at all. The idea

basically is to maintain peace and tranquility along the LoC,” he said. This is the first ceasefire violation in Kashmir since the director generals of military operations level talks between India and Pakistan last month. There were no casualties reported in the firing incident. An army spokesman in Srinagar said the issue of the ceasefire violation has been raised with Pakistani counterparts through hotline in the backdrop of recent meeting between the DGMOs of the two countries. Meanwhile, the Pakistan Army has denied the report.

PAKISTAN UNDER THREAT FROM HINDU BODIES BLAME PAK EXTREMISTS NOT INDIA: GEN BAJWA OF DISCRIMINATION RAWALPINDI ONLINE

Rawalpindi Corps Commander Lt Gen Qamar Javed Bajwa said that the country has no threat from India, but from the extremists on both sides. He was addressing All Pakistan Academic Excellence Award ceremony 2013 as chief guest of the Federal Government Educational Institutions (C/G) held at FG Sir Syed College. He said, “We are not Sindhi, Baloch, Punjabi or Pathan. We all are Pakistanis. We should be proud of our identification as Pakistanis. Pakistan is our identity.” He urged students to seek education not only to get degree but to serve the country. “Education is essential for the development and progress of the country,” said Lt Gen Bajwa. He said, “Getting education was the most prime concern

of a human being as it is the education which makes us social beings.” He said, “The quality of a society or a nation entirely depends on the quality of its education and the students are the future of a nation.” Human Resource Development Director General Major General Nadir Zaib, Director FGEIs (C/G) Brig Khush Muhammad Khan and teachers and students were also present. The FGEIs Directorate organised the event to distribute the prizes among the students belonging to the institutions of its 11 Regions Lahore, Karachi, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Wah, Gujranwala, Multan, Bahawalpur, Kharian and Fazaia, who excelled in the primary/middle level scholarship exams, SSC–I, SSC–II, HSSC–I, HSSC–II exams and BA/BSc exams held during 2013.

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05

AMRITSAR INP

Various Hindu organisations have blamed Pakistan of discrimination against Hindu pilgrims aspiring to visit Pakistan on religious occasions and have urged the Indian government to take up the issue with the neighbouring country on priority. “Pakistan High Commission had rejected visas to young Hindu boys during Katasraj pilgrimage in 2013,” said Sri Durgiana Temple Committee General Secretary Ramesh Sharma. He said not only were Hindus discriminated by Pakistani government but were also not given facilities during their

visit. He said Indian government should take up the issue with Pakistan on priority. Eight organisations from Indian Punjab and three each from Delhi and Haryana have a quota of only 200 pilgrims to visit Pakistan twice a year. “This year Hindu jatha is going to Pakistan from February 25 to March 3 to celebrate Mahashivratri at Katasraj cluster of temples,” said Ramesh, president of Sanatan Dharam Pratinidhi Sabha, Delhi, Indermohan Goswami also blamed Pakistan High Commission officials of discouraging Hindu pilgrims. “They simply don’t entertain our passports and deliberately make us wait for visas,” he said. The sabha has a quota of 60 pilgrims.

COP GUARDING PESHAWAR TEMPLE SHOT DEAD PESHAWAR AGENCIES

Two unidentified gunmen in Peshawar shot dead a policeman standing guard outside a Hindu temple on Sunday, officials said, later fleeing the scene on a motorcycle. The attack, which occurred in the downtown Jhanda Bazaar area, was the latest target connected to Pakistan’s minorities who make up some two percent of the country’s population of 180 million. “It appears to be a militant attack. The gunmen killed the lone policeman on duty outside the Hindu temple and then escaped,” Faisal Mukhtar, a senior police official said. Hindus are thought to number a few thousand in Peshawar, Pakistan’s frontline city in its battle against Al-Qaeda and Taliban militants, though the community is rarely targeted. In November last year, a policeman standing guard outside a Pentecostal church in Peshawar was also shot dead by unknown gunmen. In September, devastating double suicide attacks at the historic All Saints church in the main city area of Peshawar left 82 people dead. Pakistan is rife with violence against religious minorities as al Qaeda and TTP-led terrorists regularly target Shia Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Hindus and Ahmadis.


06 ISLAMABAD

WEATHER UPDATES

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180C 060C

TUESDAY

170C 060C

WEDNESDAY

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Police start collecting house tenants’ data to computerise the records RAWALPINDI: Police have started a survey for gathering details of the house tenants in Rawalpindi district. The data of the tenants will be computerised so as to ensure that it is available for use when needed. The house owners have also been asked to inform the nearest police station in writing while renting out their houses throughout the district. Police sources said that cases will be registered against the owners failing to comply with the directives. City Police Officer, Akhtar Lalika has ordered SHOs of all police stations, SDPOs and concerned SPs to complete the survey within two weeks and present a report to him. Police have formed special forms in this regard and distributed those among public. The data is being collected in a bid to maintain law and order in the district and easily track down suspects in case of any untoward incident. INP

YOU ARE UNWELCOMED 322 illegal immigrants held in search operation ISLAMABAD: Police on Sunday morning arrested 322 suspects during search operation in Afghan habitats at Sabzi Mandi of Islamabad capital territory. Sources said that a strong contingent of 400 policemen surrounding the entire area started search operation on the information relating to the presence of large number of illegal Afghan residents. The operation supervised by the Islamabad SSP Dr Rizwan being conducted by SHOs of 12 police stations and four sub-divisional police officers. STAFF REPORT

180C 060C

Monday, 27 January 2014

PRAyER TImINgS

FOR BETTER USE OF TECHNOLOGY

THURSDAY

FAJR

SUNRISE ZUHR

ASR

MAGHRIB ISHA

5:41

7:07

3:13

5:34

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WASTED: Custom officials crush liquor and other custom-seized products to mark International Customs Day. INP

7:00

Lets tALK!

GettinG rid of rotten eGGs

SENATE DEFENCE COMMITTEE DELEGATION LEAVE FOR BRUSSELS TO TALK WITH NATO, EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT REPRESENTATIVES

Inquiry ordered against 4 CDA 'negligent' oďŹƒcials ISLAMABAD APP

ISLAMABAD

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STAFF REPORT

delegation of the Senate Defence Committee led by its Chairman, Senator Mushahid Hussain Sayed, left for Brussels to hold talks with senior NATO officials, members of European Parliament and representatives of different thinktanks on different issues. Prior to this, Senator Mushahid Hussain

inaugurated the first-ever cyber security research center at Center for Advanced Studies in Engineering (CASE) Islamabad. He was of the view that Cyber Security is one of the most important issues of national security, and with the inauguration of the research center, it will get due importance and the center shall become a hub for rest of the digital world for information sharing and dealing cyber threats. The head of research center, Dr. Shoab Khan,

Ammar Jafferi and other cyber security experts also exchanged their views. Commenting on the visit to Brussels, Senator Mushahid said in the context of withdrawal of American and NATO forces from Afghanistan, the visit of Senate Defence Committee reflects Pakistan's leading role in peace and sovereignty of the region. The other members of Pakistani delegation include Senator Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain, Haji Adeel, Farhatullah Babar and Sehar Kamran.

Member Engineering and Environment of CDA Sanaullah Aman has taken strict action against four officials for showing negligence in their duties. He ordered an inquiry against Assistant Director Parks Development, Chief Inspector Sanitation, Sub-Eengineer Sanitation and Sub-Engineer Sewerage for dereliction of duties. Sanaullah Aman visited Rose and Jasmine Garden, Shakar Parrian, Islamabad Highway, and sectors I-8, I-9 and I-10. He expressed dissatisfaction over dysfunctional street-lights and water filtration plants, and deteriorated condition of pavements and roads, besides cleanliness arrangements. He warned the CDA officials of strict action for not performing duties efficiently. The Member Engineering, while talking to APP, said the authority was taking concrete measures to further beautify Islamabad following the directives of CDA chairman. He said the CDA was committed to provide healthy and recreational facilities to the residents of Capital. He said steps were being taken for the upkeep of parks and playgrounds so that people could enjoy their free time in recreational activities in a healthy environment.

THIS HOMELAND IS NOT YOURS! 200 AFGHAN NATIONALS NABBED DURING HUNT AGAINST ILLEGAL DWELLERS ISLAMABAD APP

Islamabad Police in wee hours on Sunday conducted a massive search operation in the area of Sabzi Mandi police station and nabbed a total of 375 suspects including 200 Afghans residing in the city and ten

target offenders. According to details, 400 policemen, 12 SHOs, four Sub-Divisional Police officers under the supervision of SSP Islamabad Muhammad Rizwan cordoned off the Sabzi Mandi area and conducted search operation there. Police teams arrested 175 suspects having no authentic documents with them and 200 Afghans whose record would be further verified to know whether their stay was legal or not. Islamabad police have devised a comprehensive plan for search and combing operation in Afghan and slum

CMYK

areas of the city to arrest suspects and those illegally staying in the city. This plan has been chalked out following the directions from Inspector General of Police Islamabad Sikandar Hayat. The main purpose of this operation is to arrest suspects and criminal elements staying in these areas. Police teams headed by SSP Islamabad Muhammad Rizwan including four SDPOs, 12 SHOs, police Commandos and 400 policemen conducted search operation in Sabzi Mandi area and apprehended the suspects.

SSP Islamabad Muhammad Rizwan has said that Afghan cards of nabbed suspects would be verified and their mobile phones record would be obtained. He said Islamabad police is using latest technology to trace the links of such suspects with criminal elements, dacoits or car lifters if any. He said the search operation would continue. The SSP also directed all heads of police stations to continue the operation and ensure protection to the lives and property of the citizens besides ensuring arrest of mischievous elements.


ISLAMABAD 07

Monday, 27 January 2014

the fLiGht between us! KAzAKhstAn, PAKIstAn mull PossIble lAunCh of DIreCt flIghts ISLAMABAD: Ambassador of Kazakhstan to Pakistan Bakytbek Shabarbayev met with Additional Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Pakistan Burhanul Islam in Islamabad and discussed the issues of bilateral cooperation, including some aspects of political, commercial and economic relations as well as launching direct flights between the two countries. In the context of bilateral cooperation the interlocutors also touched upon the exchange of top-level visits, development of interparliamentary cooperation, holding of the regular session of the Kazakhstani-Pakistani Intergovernmental Commission for Commercial-Economic, Scientific-Technical and Cultural Cooperation. Both Mr. Shabarbayev and Mr. Islam praised the current state of Kazakhstani-Pakistani partnership and reiterated the readiness to pursue the plans on further development of these relations. INP

educAtion expo ends At pAK-chinA centre ISLAMABAD: The two-day Dawn Expo ended at Pak-China Cultural Center here, which was participated by a number of educational institutions and students. Representatives of over 100 universities from the country and abroad, mainly from Australia, Canada, Malaysia, Turkey, Germany, North Cyprus, UK, UAE and US participated in the expo. The exhibition allowed local and international faculty, admission officers and student counsellors to interact with over 25,000 top achieving Pakistani students directly on oneon-one basis and also give them the opportunity to enrol on the spot with many of institutions. Talking to APP at the occasion the representative of Laureate Hospitality Education (LHE), Osman Mahmood said that the institution will showcase academic programmes at Les Roche Hotel Management School and Glion Institute of Higher Education in Switzerland, two of the top three hotel management schools in the world. APP

ncp to orGAnise int’L scientific sprinG 2014 ISLAMABAD: The National Center for Physics (NCP) and the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Trieste, Italy, are jointly organizing the International Scientific Spring (ISS-2014) from March 10-14 here at NCP. The ISS series was started in 2009 to inspire young researchers and students working in the field of physics and related disciplines, and to help develop the human resource necessary for scientific,technological, industrial and economic growth. Traditionally, a large number of young researchers and students have participated in the ISS activities so far, along with many internationally renowned scientists, official sources told APP. In ISS-2012, there were 25 foreign and 364 local speakers, while ISSc 2013 was attended by 21 foreign and 340 local participants. "Together with support from the Abdus Salam ICTP, the ISS-2014 reflects NCP's expanding role in strengthening the scientific and technological collaborations in the region for the benefit of mankind", the source said. APP

ISLAMABAD APP

The attractive tariff packages with unlimited call offers and discounted minutes have helped generate a record national cellular mobile outgoing traffic of 294.2 billion minutes during year 2012-13. The cellular mobile national outgoing traffic to cellular network has shown a tremendous growth of 52.51% as compared to the same period of previous year 2011-12 in which 192.9 billion

GOTCHA: A man throws net into Rawal Lake to catch fish. NNI

You breAK ruLes, Govt mAKes moneY! 6391 CHALLANS ISSUED, 287 VEHICLES IMPOUNDED UNDER SPECIAL DRIVE RAWALPINDI

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AWALPINDI City Traffic Police (RCTP) have issued 6391 challan tickets during the current month, recovering over Rs 1.9 million fine for tinted glass or not having proper number plates or without number plates. Chief Traffic Officer (CTO) Superintendent Police (SP) Syed Ishtiaq Shah, in a statement on Sunday, said 287 vehicles and motorcycles were also impounded in different police stations under the special campaign against violators of traffic laws. He said the CTP, in view of the security situation, started the special campaign and took action in accordance with the law against vehicles with tinted glass and those which did not have proper number plates. The CTO said fine was imposed on 354

vehicles for having tinted glass during the period and black papers were removed on the spot. Some 2847 vehicles and motorcycles, which were without number plates, and 3190 others with improper number plates, were penalized. 30 food outlets challaned for unhygienic conditions: CDA's Directorate of Health Services (DHS) has challaned 30 food outlets and issued warning notices to 120 for not maintaining hygienic standards during last week. The DHS is continuing campaign against food outlets and restaurants to ensure serving healthy and hygienic food to the Capital's residents. The campaign has been launched on the directives of Amer Ali Ahmed, Member Administration of Capital Development Authority (CDA). According to CDA sources, the DHS staff inspected shops and restaurants in different sectors of Islamabad and challaned 30 food outlets for violating hygienic conditions. They confiscated 60 utensils, besides 32 litter expired ketchup, rusty trays and 30 expired bottles of soft drinks, which were destroyed on the spot.

Rs 294b OF HELLOs AND HIs Pakistanis made 294b minutes mobile calls in 2012-13 minutes were generated. Each passing year has been showing a reasonable growth as the total national cellular mobile outgoing traffic was only 76 billion minutes in 2009-10 and 137.7 billion minutes in 2010-11. As per new figures issued by regulator

Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA), the massive growth in national cellular mobile outgoing traffic was also contributed by new subscribers in the cellular network during the year and very attractive packages offered by cellular operators to win the subscribers from each other.

spirituALitY is in the Air Milad, Haq Bahoo conference held

ISLAMABAD PRESS RELEASE

The annual ‘Milad-e-Mustafa (PBUH) and Haq Bahoo Conference’ was organized at the Jinnah Convention Centre Islamabad by the ‘Islahee Jamaat & Aalmi Tanzeem ul Arifeen’ from the shrine of renowned Sufi

saint Hazrat Sultan Bahoo (R.A.). Addressing the conference, Secretary General Sultan Ahmed Ali said that Allah has the ultimate authority and control over the universe. His laws and code governs everything in existence in the universe. His law governs all the phases of existence from creation to destruction and rebirth. We

are only responsible for following His Law and spending the limited years of our lives in accordance with His will and make efforts to bring our societies and world in conformity with the rest of the universe. If all other things are living as per His order, then why we human beings especially Muslims, are not able to

CMYK

Lucrative cellular tariff packages with unlimited call offers and discounted minutes have become a major attraction for the cellular subscribers as the cellular mobile operators adopted aggressive promotional strategies offering attractive packages for Voice, Data and SMS, including free calls and unlimited SMS.

implement His Law as our governing constitution and manifesto. Islam is the complete code of life reflective of the universal Law that has been revealed to us by Allah and not socialism, communism, capitalism or secularism. We have brought destruction upon this world by deviating from the Laws of his nature. This is the message of self-introspection and accountability of our actions given by the Islahee Jamaat. We must structure our lives, individually and collectively, in accordance with the Quran and Sunnah, the way of the Prophets and Sufi saints. This is the only way we can overcome sectarian divisions and develop unified identity that promotes fraternity and harmony as Muslims. Bare proclamations of faith are not enough to follow the path outlined by Allah and His Prophet (PBUH). What is required is accountability of the Self in anticipation of the final judgment. We must follow Islam to bring unity, peace and stability to the world. The reality of the ‘shahada’ or Islamic creed is not merely to accept Allah as the only divinity to be worshipped but to believe that He is Absolute and alone in the totality of all His

WOMEN IMPARTED FLORAL ART DESIGNING TECHNIQUES ISLAMABAD APP

The Floral Art Society of Pakistan (FASP) organized a workshop here to teach women techniques to design flowers and leaves, both natural and artificial, for decoration purpose. Shaista Khawar, a passionate floral designer and educationist, imparted skills to the participating women abstract and interpretive arrangements by using natural and artificial material. She used different techniques such crosshatching, twisting, tying etc. She created sculptural pieces, which can be used with seasonal flowers. Her demonstration at the workshop under the topic "simple creative" was an enriching experience for the participants. Shaista Khawar is an executive member of FASP Lahore chapter. Talking to APP, FASP's senior executive member Samina Khan said the society had held a number of worksshops across the country, including rural areas, for training women the art of designing flowers. It was making efforts to improve the trend of growing flower in the country, she added. By learning floral art designing, women could support their families financially, she said. She said Pakistan would participate in world show award scheduled in June in Ireland, where 39 countries of the world were participating. Besides FASP general secretary Shandana Bangash, vice president Nasreen Anjum, and finance secretary Sobia Riaz, around 50 women attended the workshop.

sacred attributes. Our actions must reflect our singular dependence on all of His attributes to the exclusion of any other. Nazim-e-Aala Islahee Jamaat & Aalmi Tanzeem ul Arifeen, Al-Haaj Muhammad Nawaz Qadri emphasized that the teachings of the ‘Saints of Allah’ are indispensable for establishing peace and harmony in society. Allah has bestowed upon us the unifying and fraternal identity of being Muslim. Sufi teachings are focused upon observation and experience of true love of Allah. That is why Quran calls them as those persons who are free from fear and worry of both the worlds. Hazrat Sultan Bahoo taught that one should remember Allah through remembrance with the breath (inhalation and exhalation with Allah and Hoo respectively) to bring oneself closer to Almighty Allah. It creates an everlasting bond with the Creator which reminds one of His permanent presence. The conference was attended by individuals from different walks of life including political, educational and literary circles as well as foreign diplomats and the general public. At the end of the event, a special prayer was said for the unity of the Muslim world and stability of Pakistan.


08 COMMENT

Reviewing Pak-US ties Washington needs to realise that nurturing mutual relations requires sensitive diplomacy

Monday, 27 January, 2014

The game changer AAP, changing the Indian political landscape

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Ak US relations which have been marked by mutual suspicions even at the best of times nosedived in early 2011 as a result of a number of incidents and reached the nadir as a result of the May 2011 Abbottabad operation. Among other things the operation led to the suspension of the strategic dialogue which had been raised to the ministerial level in 2010. The dialogue was revived during Secretary of State John kerry’s visit to Pakistan in August this year. An attempt was made by top leaders of the two countries to reset a fraught relation during Mian nawaz Sharif’s meeting with President Obama two months later. The meeting had good results. in november US-Pakistan energy group and US-Pakistan Defence Consultative group met in Washington. On Friday US Ambassador Richard Olson informed Finance Minister ishaq Dar that $352 million would be reimbursed to Pakistan on February 6 under the Coalition Support Fund (CSF). Pakistan which faces liquidity crunch needs the fund badly. On Monday Secretary kerry is hosting Sartaj Aziz for the first ministerial talks in three years. While the moves indicate a positive trend, the relations between the two countries still remain tense and difficult. Drone attacks continue to be a permanent source of irritation. Washington and islamabad do not see eye to eye on the issue of drone attacks. nawaz Sharif still considers the attacks as the main cause of the failure of talks with the TTP. The two governments have altogether different perceptions regarding Dr Shakil Afridi. While islamabad considers him a traitor who worked for the CiA, Afridi is a hero in the eyes of Washington. A bill to fund the US government which has now been signed into law by Obama requires Pakistan to release Afridi or forgo $33 million from the annual assistance it receives from the US. Pakistan Foreign Office has maintained that any linkage of US assistance to this case is not in keeping with the spirit of cooperation between the two countries. The way Shakil Afridi’s release is being demanded would be unacceptable to any self-respecting government and in fact it has caused resentment among many who support better relations with the US. it is in the interest of both the US and Pakistan to continue a strong defence partnership and bilateral counter-terrorism cooperation even after the withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan. The terrorist threat in the region can be eradicated only through concerted efforts over a long period. Washington needs to realise that nurturing mutual relations requires sensitive diplomacy. One hopes the ministerial level moot will review the progress of the upgradation of ties and devise ways to overcome the problems that persist. The economic Working group of the two countries which is due to meet in April should further bring the two sides together.

Dedicated to the legacy of the late Hameed Nizami

Arif Nizami Editor

Aziz-ud-Din Ahmad Joint Editor Lahore – Ph: 042-36375963-5 Fax: 042-32535230 Karachi – Ph: 021-35381208-9 Fax: 021-35381208 Islamabad – Ph: 051-2287273 Fax: 051-2818125 Web: www.pakistantoday.com.pk Email: editorial@pakistantoday.com.pk

Border Crossing

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kuldip Nayar

He indian political scene, even though fractured and patchy, is acquiring a shape of sorts. The emergence of the Aam Admi Party (AAP), founded by ngOs, sneeringly called the johlawalas, has changed the scene. it has provided the much-needed alternative to the Congress and the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) which are the same wine in two different old bottles. Regional parties, which have a sway in the states, look like the biggest losers. Their appeal in the name of language, area or religion has lessened in effect. The success of the AAP in the Delhi assembly elections has hit the polarisation the most as the party has transcended caste, creed and such other considerations. When both Congress and the BJP admit that they have to learn from the way the AAP has come up, they should transform themselves. Yet they remain the citadels of status quo. Whether the AAP has the Marxists and naxalites within its ranks does not matter as long

as they are in tune with the people’s aspirations. Ultimately, the test is how soon the AAP eliminates poverty which encompasses half of india’s population even after 67 years of independence. One thing sure is that the Left has been trampled upon mercilessly. it is at a loss, no doubt. But the communists and the nascent Socialist Party have to blame themselves because they are no more tethered to the grassroots. espousing the cause of progress and egalitarianism cannot be confined to slogans or rhetoric. The AAP has come out with an agenda and time frame for uplifting the lower half. When the communists could not improve the quality of life in West Bengal in their 35-year-old rule, they have proved that the Marxism of their type is only a veneer of progress. Scratch their skin, they are found part of the establishment. What they could not do— arouse the poor to have their say—for decades, the AAP promised to do in about 12 months. The two main parties, Congress and BJP, are like mahants in temples. They have learnt nothing, forgotten nothing. instead of correcting their policies, they consider the AAP an aberration or a bubble which will burst by the time the Lok Sabha elections are held this April. They are mistaken because the party has caught the imagination of the people and it has spread like a wild fire. Lakhs of people who have joined the AAP reflect that. The manner in which the wave of narendra Modi, the BJP’s prime ministerial candidate, has waned indicates that he does not command the crowd he once did although media continues to play him up. That is the reason why the RSS is frantically telling the BJP to stop the AAP, not the Congress, which has been its opponent for years. The at-

tack by the leaders on every step the AAP takes in governing Delhi confirms the perception that the Congress has slipped to the third position. The Congress has reportedly come to the conclusion that it should unofficially support the AAP to stall Modi. it also means that the Congress has realised that it cannot come back to power. in fact, it may try to marshal the different parties in the states along with its own strength in support of AAP to form the government at the centre. The Congress will leave no stone unturned to keep Modi out of power. The most disturbing aspect of political scene is the corruption. Both the Congress and the BJP, the latter especially, have no hesitation in getting the support of tainted leaders. The Congress refuses to take action against Himachal Pradesh chief minister Virbadhra Singh who allegedly favoured a company in which his relations have a large number of shares. Modi, otherwise talking about cleanliness in public life, retains in his cabinet a minister who has been convicted by the court. Both Bihar’s Lalu Yadav and Rashid Masood of the Congress ceased to be members of parliament as soon as they were convicted. Why is the BJP shielding the convicted members in Modi’s government in gujarat? Another disturbing feature visible is the personality cult. The democratic polity is sought to be changed to the presidential form. Modi is to blame the most because he has raised the slogan of a strong man and a strong government. A ruler, who presided over the massacre of his own citizens some 12 years ago, can be dangerous to the dissent that the constitution guarantees. it is not surprising, however shocking it is, that the police refused to register a First information Re-

port (FiR) against Modi at Ahmedabad. The snooping scandal which implicates Modi in having a girl under surveillance raises many questions. An FiR is in order to determine the truth. A centre-appointed commission may be able to dig it out. But the state machinery is not willing to cooperate, as is obvious from the attitude of the local police. The Congress should have seen through Modi’s game to convert the 2014 elections into a clash of personalities, not of issues. But the party is guilty of projecting Rahul gandhi as if the contest is between the two. Rahul gandhi is too often speaking on important policy matters and having the government’s decision reversed. One example is that of the ordinance to save politicians from the Supreme Court judgment that a legislator would cease to be member once he is convicted. Yet another issue is that of the housing scandal in Maharashtra. Rahul gandhi has partly retrieved the Adarsh Housing report which was rejected by the Congress-led government in the state. Still the politicians have gone scot-free. Only bureaucrats will have to bear the brunt. Delhi chief minister Arvind kejriwal should realise that the AAP government is not coterminous with him. Strange, he retains 16 departments. The Janata Party in the wake of a movement by gandhian Jayaprakash narayan did not last. But it saw to it that there would be no emergency. Democracy was deeply entrenched. if the AAP could clean the system and makes sure that it stays that way, this will be a great contribution even if the AAP does not last. Kuldip Nayar is a veteran Indian journalist, human rights activist and a noted author.

The IMF conundrum Who has helped who

Malik MuhaMMad ashraf

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eginning from 1958 till today almost all the governments in Pakistan have sought iMF loans under various arrangements to bolster balance of payment position and to meet other financial needs. The irony about these loans has been that the oppositions of the sitting governments have invariably used them as a whipping horse to castigate them for their wrong policies that necessitated approaches to iMF but when they had the opportunity to rule they also followed the suit. Some economists have also been critical of the conditions attached to iMF loans and term them as self-serving for the institution rather than accruing the desired benefits to the recipient country. To understand the role of iMF loans and why Pakistan has not been able to throw the begging bowl away, it would be pertinent to cast a cursory glance at the basic objectives of the iMF and the policies of the successive regimes. The iMF was established to ensure stability of the international monetary system — the system of exchange rates and international payments — that enables countries and their citizens to transact with each other as well as promoting employment, sustainable growth and reducing poverty. To

achieve these objectives, the iMF gives assistance to member states on their request. Concessional loans are granted to low-income countries as lower rates through Poverty Reduction and growth Facility (PRFg) whereas non-concessional loans are extended with a market based interest rate through five mechanisms: the Standby Arrangement (SBA); extended Fund Facility (eFF); Supplemental Reserve Facility (SRF); Contingent Credit Lines (CCL); and the Compensatory Financing Facility (CCF). iMF while extending these loans does not ask for collateral like commercial banks but insists on fulfillment of certain conditionalities in the form of structural reforms in the economy, curtailment of expenditure, reduction in the subsidies and broadening the tax base with a view to enabling the recipient countries to rely more and more on their internally generated resources and be in a position to amicably pay off their loans in the process. Looking at these conditions from economic point of view, they seem a perfect recipe for any developing country aspiring to achieve self-sustained growth. no economic growth model can succeed without these measures. Between 1958 and 1979 Pakistan received seven SBAs amounting to USD 460 million and in november 1980 received US$1.27 billion under eFF. During 1984 to 2010 Pakistan received five SBAs, three eCFs, two eFFs and one Structural Adjustment Facility from iMF. now the question arises if the iMF desired measures are really a panacea for an ailing and developing economy. Why is it that Pakistan has not been able to achieve sustainable growth? The answer is quite simple. no government has ever shown the political will to take tough decisions and initiate the desired reforms programme. The culture of tax exemptions and an irresistible knack for prestige projects having no connection with the economic realities and the strategy of planning expenditures first and then

CMYK

looking for resources to defray them, has led the country to a situation where the economy is almost on the verge of collapse. As is evident the fault does not lie with the conditionalities of the iMF but with our failure to faithfully implement them and the flawed and politically motivated policies. The present government had no choice but to approach the iMF for another eFF facility amounting to US$ 5.3 billion over the next three years. Pakistan was likely to default on its loans and badly needed this injection to save it from the ignominy of default which could have had very serious economic and political consequences for the country. Finance Minister ishaq Dar, explaining the reason for seeking this latest facility, said, “Pakistan has to avoid committing default on loans. That is the only reason we are going to the iMF with a homegrown programme of reforms”. The iMF has agreed for this facility on the understanding that Pakistan would phase out tariff deferential subsidy, broaden the tax base, remove all existing statutory regulatory orders (SROs) and taking other steps that grant special rates and tax exemptions. These are more or less the same requirements as were attached to the previous loans. The only way available for the government is therefore to faithfully implement these reforms with a view to revive the economy and getting the country out of the self-imposed debt-trap. it is satisfying to note that the government has shown the political will and resolve to take some tough decisions as dictated by ground realities and initiated measures to bring about necessary structural reforms, broadening the tax base and withdrawal of subsidies in a phased manner. Though these measures might hit some sections of the society in the short run but are absolutely essential for the health of the economy in the long run and bringing the much desired relief to the masses. As a result of the

steps taken by the government the stock exchange index is on the upward curve and the multinational companies operating in Pakistan have made additional investments in the country. The gDP recorded a growth rate of 5.1% during the last quarter as compared to 2.9% during the corresponding period last year, revenue collection has gone up by 16%, exports have experienced 5% increase and remittances have shown upsurge by 9%. The government is also working on a programme to remove tax exemptions and abolition of SROs which are estimated to boost the revenues to the tune of Rs500 billion. Austerity measures such as withdrawal of discretionary funds at the disposal of prime minister and other government functionaries and abolition of secret funds given to some ministries will also save Rs40 billion. The efforts of the government to raise money at the international level have also started producing results. A delegation of Bank Credit Suisse which visited Pakistan recently reportedly showed interest in joining a consortium which would provide balance of payment loan of US$ 225 to Pakistan. The delegation informed the minister that international capital markets had a growing interest in Pakistan and the investors were looking forward to planned issue of euro Bonds and the initiatives for accessing international markets. The iMF has expressed satisfaction over the progress in the reform agenda. Through persistent efforts and lobbying the government has also been able to clinch gSP Plus status which would boost our export to the extent of US$ 12 billion besides generating employment. These are all very encouraging portents and promise a break from the unenviable economic past and eventually riddance from iMF loans. Malik Muhammad Ashraf is an academic. He can be contacted at: ashpak10@gmail.com.


WORLD VIEW 09

Monday, 27 January, 2014

Erdogan’s foreign policy reset F DAily BeAst

A FEW YEARS AGO, TURKEY WAS THE RISING POWER OF THE MIDDLE EAST, CONTENT TO TURN AWAY FROM CLOSER TIES WITH EUROPE TOWARDS ITS SUNNI ALLIES. BUT WITH CHAOS IN SYRIA AND EGYPT, ITS FORTUNES HAVE CHANGED DRASTICALLY

ThoMAs sEIbERT

OllOWING a string of setbacks that has left it increasingly isolated in Europe and the Middle East, Turkey has started a push to repair ties with key neighbors and partners. Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who met top EU officials in Brussels this week for the first time in five years, is also due to visit neighboring Iran next week. One day before he flies to Tehran, on Jan. 28, Erdogan will host French President Francois Hollande, whose country has been one of the actors slowing down Turkey’ process of joining the EU. It’s a significant about-face for a government that in recent years has sought to portray Turkey as the rising heavyweight in the region, flush with investment money and content to turn away from the floundering EU. But the Arab Spring and its ongoing fallout in Egypt, along with the spiraling crisis in Syria, both combined to catch Erdogan off guard and significantly diminished his influence on Europe and the Middle East. When Erdogan’s Foreign Minister, Ahmet Davutoglu, assumed office in 2009, he formulated a “zero problems” doctrine with the aim of creating an area of peace, stability and rich export markets around Turkey. At the time, Turkey was spurred by rapid economic growth, inspired by its history as the heir to the Ottoman Empire that ruled the Middle East for centuries, and buoyed by a sense that the country—as a Western-style democracy with a Muslim population—could be a model for the region, projecting its “soft power” through diplomacy, trade and popular culture like TV soaps. But that policy has failed resoundingly. “Today, Turkey does not even have ambassadors in Egypt, Israel and Syria, three im-

portant countries in the region,” columnist Murat Yadkin wrote in the Radikal newspaper this week. When the Arab Spring swept across Tunisia and Egypt three years ago this January, the Erdogan government declared that Turkey would cut ties with dictators and encourage democracy. That approach quickly took on a sectarian bent, with the predominantly Sunni Turkey seeking close relationships with groups like Hamas and the Muslim Brotherhood, whose power seemed in the ascendant after the downfall of Hosni Mubarak. Erdogan’s government also declared itself an early backer of the Syrian uprising, giving safe haven to the mostly Sunni rebels seeking to oust President Bashar alAssad and his ruling Alawite sect, an offshoot of Shiite Islam.

But as fortunes have shifted in Cairo and on the ground in Syria, Turkey has found itself on what— at the moment at least—seems to be the losing side of the region’s power struggles. Erdogan’s support of Syria’s rebels—who are now plagued by infighting between moderates and Islamists and among the various jihadist groups inside the country—has pitted Turkey against Assad’s most important financial backer, Iran, along with its allies in the Shiite-led governments in Iraq and lebanon. (Ties with Iraq have also been soured by disputes over oil trade and the Syrian conflict.) Moreover, after Egypt’s generals ousted the Muslim Brotherhood-backed President Mohamed Morsi last summer, Erdogan angered the country’s new military

rulers by demanding Morsi’s reinstatement. Even Turkey’s relations with its former ally Israel are in a deep freeze, despite an apology by Israel for the death of nine Turkish activists during an Israeli commando raid on a Turkish ship bound for the Gaza Strip in 2010. At the same time, Turkey’s long-standing drive to become a member of the EU ground to a halt as Ankara lost the reform momentum it had showed in the early 2000s and as resistance within the bloc to admit a big Muslim country grew. In Brussels this week, Erdogan insisted that Turkey remained committed to EU membership and called for swifter talks about the issue. Ankara admitted that Turkey had distanced itself from its partners, but until recently insisted that there

was nothing wrong with its basic approach. Ibrahim Kalin, and advisor to Erdogan, spoke of a “meritorious isolation” of the country. An annual poll organized by the Turkey Economic and Social Studies Foundation (Tesev), a respected non-government think tank in Istanbul, found last month that favorable views of Turkey in the region fell from 78 percent in 2011 to 59 percent in 2013. Even China is more popular than Turkey in today’s Middle East. That development has caused alarm in Ankara. President Abdullah Gul, a former foreign minister under Erdogan, used a speech during a conference of Turkish diplomats last week to deliver a thinly veiled criticism of Davutoglu’s work. He called on the government to “re-calibrate” its Syria policy and suggested that Ankara had misread developments in the region as a whole. “The main task of diplomacy is to solve the most important problems,” the president said, according to a transcript of the speech posted on his office’s website. “But the first stage of any solution is to have correct findings and a realistic diagnosis. The key to solving problems, whether domestic or foreign, is common sense, a sensible approach, dialogue and an empathy that makes sure you understand your interlocutor.” Even though the government denies that there is any need for a foreign policy re-set, scheduled visits by foreign leaders in Ankara and trips by Turkish politicians to countries in the region are an indication that the “re-calibration” demanded by Gul is underway. Ankara should strive for a more realistic and less confrontational stance, said Gokturk Tuysuzoglu, a political scientist at Giresun University on Turkey’s Black Sea Coast. “Turkey’s foreign policy strategy has entered a dead-end street, and a correction has become a must,” Tuysuzoglu said. Ankara should abandon its concentration

on Sunni Islam groups like Hamas and the Muslim Brotherhood and establish “sound contacts” with all players, he said, including Egypt’s new government, the Shia leaders of Iraq, the Syrian Kurds, Iran, the Hamas rival El Fatah in Palestine and also Israel. Tuysuzoglu also said Turkey should repair ties with the EU, which suffered after Erdogan’s crackdown on peaceful protesters last summer and his purge of suspected anti-government officials in the police and the judiciary following the recent corruption accusations against his government. But change will not be easy because the Erdogan government has invested a considerable amount of political capital in its policies. Tuysuzoglu, the political scientist, added that Erdogan’s religiously conservative voter base poses a significant problem to organizing a foreign-policy turnaround. Many Turks are supportive of Erdogan’s ambition of regional leadership as well as his strong pro-Sunni and anti-Israeli policies. “The government is stuck between [strategic] necessities and its social/political aims,” he said. The most recent headache for the Turkish government: Erdogan stands accused of supplying weapons to Sunni rebel groups despite an official policy of limiting support for Assad’s foes to non-military means. Since the start of the new year, Turkish prosecutors have stopped more than half a dozen trucks under the suspicion that they were carrying weapons for Syrian rebels. All of the trucks turned out to be operated by Turkey’s intelligence service MIT. The agency, backed up by Erdogan, refuses to discuss the nature of the cargo. “The MIT is smuggling weapons as a routine,” opposition lawmaker Ertugrul Kürkcü said. “Nobody should wonder why Turkey is not at peace with its neighbors.”

Global freedom has been declining for nearly a decade A THIRD OF THE WORLD'S POPULATION LIVES IN COUNTRIES WITHOUT POLITICAL RIGHTS AND CIVIL LIBERTIES, ACCORDING TO A NEW STUDY AtlAntic URI FRIEDMANJAN

In 2013, for the eighth year in a row, more countries registered declines in political rights and civil liberties than gains. Even as the number of electoral democracies in the world increased, nations like the Central African Republic, Mali, and Ukraine suffered devastating democratic setbacks. Thirty-five percent of the world's population, living in 25 percent of the polities on the planet, found themselves in countries that aren't free. As we enter a year in which more people will vote in elections than ever before, democracy appears to be in a holding pattern around the world—if not outright retreat. These are the sobering conclusions of the 2014 "Freedom in the World" report, released on Thursday by Freedom House. The Washington, D.C.-based NGO divided 195 nations and 14 territories into three categories—"free," "partly free," and "not free"—and mapped its findings: "There just haven't been any really significant breakthroughs in the important authoritarian powers that resisted democratization in the past 30 years—Russia, the other Eurasia countries, the Middle East, China, Iran, Venezuela," Arch Puddington, vice president for research at Free-

dom House, told me. The leaders of these countries, Puddington added, have learned from the collapse of the Soviet Union not to make major, uncontrollable reforms, and from the Color Revolutions in Ukraine and Georgia not to permit a pro-democracy, oppositional civil society to flourish. They are "modern authoritarians," according to the report's terminology, who "[d]evote fulltime attention to the challenge of crippling the opposition without annihilating it, and flouting the rule of law while maintaining a veneer of order, legitimacy, and prosperity." When, for instance, Hugo Chávez's shadow of a successor in Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro, wanted parliament to grant him the right to rule by decree in November, he sidelined the opposition lawmaker standing in his way by drumming up corruption charges against her. "He didn't say, 'I'm the leader, I'm the caudillo'—no, no, they did it legally, they went through the courts, they have a court system that's packed in their favor, they have a parliament that they control," Puddington said. The Freedom House report calls particular attention to increased repression in post-Arab Spring Egypt, where military leaders who overthrew the democratically elected Mohammed Morsi in July are now cracking down on political opponents and fast-tracking a political transition. Syria, meanwhile "is the worst-ranked country in the world—it's worse than North Korea," Puddington said. The organization scores countries by first assessing them on various measures of political rights and civil liberties, then placing them on a scale of 1 (most free) to 7 (least free). And Puddington noted that while the Middle East registers the worst civil-liberties scores of any region, Eurasia, including countries like Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan, performs the worst on political rights. "This is a part of the world that has de-

clined to the point where it is really, pretty much, at rock bottom on a global scale. And Russia sets the tone for the region," Puddington said, citing Moscow's recent ban on Americans adopting Russian children, restrictions on foreign-funded NGOs, posthumous trial of Sergei Magnitsky, and prohibition of homosexual "propaganda." As I've noted before, a longitudinal look at Freedom House's annual surveys suggests that democratic advancement actually peaked at the turn of the 21st century, and has more or less flatlined ever since. One can see how the world settles into a kind of stasis at roughly 45 percent free, 25 percent not free in the late 1990s (freedom's low point, at least since the organization started publishing surveys in 1972, came in 1975, when 40 countries, or 25 percent of the world's nations, were labeled "free"). "Some of the countries that experienced democratization in the '70s, '80s, and '90s are beginning to give evidence of fragility," Puddington said, pointing to Ar-

gentina and Hungary as examples. There are some bright spots in the survey. Freedom House reports that the number of electoral democracies in the world increased by four in 2013. Tunisia, a fragile success story of the Arab Spring, posted the biggest score increase of any country in the study, primarily on the strength of improving civil liberties. I asked Puddington what he made of recent street protests in countries like Thailand that have sought to oust democratically elected leaders through demonstrations rather than elections. Is a new, anti-democratic form of protest gaining strength around the world? "There is a tendency for some people to look at protests as a substitute for politics," he noted, adding that this phenomenon has undermined the political opposition in Egypt. But he also attributes the trend to leaders in countries like Turkey and Ukraine believing "that if they have a 52-percent majority, that allows them to do anything that

they want." When those leaders overreach and threaten democracy, people understandably take to the streets. Not everyone agrees with Freedom House's portrayal of the state of global freedom. Setting aside the questions of how best to define 'freedom' methodologically and whether Freedom House's position as an advocacy organization colors its findings, Jay Ulfelder, a political scientist, has questioned whether the data the NGO generates really point to a "democratic recession." The major gains of the early 1990s, for instance, may have been a function of the transition from a Cold War era to a post-Cold War era, not some organic democratic surge that has since been stifled. As Ulfelder writes: “Other things being equal, attempts at democracy are much more likely to fail in poorer countries than in richer ones, and they usually fail in their second, third, or even fourth election cycles–that is, between four and 20 years after they start. In other words, the slippage we’ve seen in the past several years is happening where and when we would have expected it to happen, given that so many of those democracies were “born” in a wave of transitions that occurred in the early 1990s. If those reversals were to continue until they had reversed most or all of the post-Cold War gains, then we should be both surprised and alarmed. In the meantime, while we can and should care about each reversal for its own sake, we should also be careful to keep short-term shifts in proper perspective so we can avoid making historical mountains out of line-chart molehills.” Put another way: While evaluating Freedom House's valuable findings, keep the long view in mind as well. Discrete blows to democracy—Egypt's coup, Ukraine's antiprotest law—are often apparent in months, days, sometimes instantaneously. But assessing the overall health of democracy around the world can take far longer.


10 BUSINESS

ISLAMABAD: Mobilink Team with Imtiaz Ahmad Khan, Customs Collector, Islamabad, after receiving the ‘Highest Tax Payer’ award on the International Customs Day. PR

JKJCCI urges Pakistan‚ India to promote trade KUALA LUMPUR: The Jammu and Kashmir Joint Chamber of Commerce and Industry (JKCCI) on Sunday called upon India and Pakistan to promote trade across the Line of Control (LoC). The appeal has been made by members of the chamber from both sides of the LoC in Kuala Lumpur. The joint chamber also urged the Pakistani and Indian authorities to immediately facilitate the return of stranded drivers. oNlINe

Thar coal production to start by 2017-18 ISLAMABAD: Sindh Engro Coal Mining Company (SECMC) is planning to initiate mining activity of Thar coal by the mid of 2014 and it will take 3.5 years to reach coal production stage. Currently the Sindh government has issued three leases to mine developers in Thar and according to the planned timeliness of the existing lease-holders at Thar, SECMC plans to generate power-based on Thar Coal by 2017-18. Similarly, the other lease-holders, Sino Sindh Resources Limited and Oracle Coalfields Pvt Ltd have plans to initiate mining activity in Block I & Vi during the current year, official sources told APP. Currently, all the project developers are approaching various financial institutes to achieve financial close for both mining and power. The Ministry of Water and Power has allocated Rs 50 million during the current financial year for construction of transmission network from Thar to Matiari (Total cost: Rs 22 billion). According to details, the Planning Commission has approved a UCG Block-V Pilot project led by Dr Samar Mubarakmand for 8-10 MW with an allocation of Rs 900 million for FY 2013-2014. Total cost for the pilot project is Rs 1.8 billion, the sources added. aPP

Monday, 27 January, 2014

Dutiable imports record 2.5pc growth: FBR laHORE aPP

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EDERAL Board of Revenue (FBR) Chairman Tariq Bajwa said on Sunday that dutiable imports recorded around 2.5 percent growth rate, despite devaluation of rupee, during first half of the current fiscal year. While addressing a ceremony on the eve of World Customs Day at Customs House, he said that this growth rate was below against their set target. Tariq Bajwa elaborated that the less growth was mainly due to high percentage of non-dutiable imports citing that 66 percent of the imports were nondutiable because of FTAs (Free Trade Agreements), PTAs (Preferential Trade Agreements) and zero rating. While only 34 percent imports were being levied duties and their statics had shown only two percent of growth in terms of rupee that was why the growth in Customs target was yet to be achieved and the efforts were well underway to achieve this target within remaining six months of the current fiscal year. The country, intending to use Pakistan as transit route, would definitely assess the time factors as the much time in cargo handling/clearing at our customs border station added to their overall business cost, he responded to a reporter’s query. “Time

is money; if a goods vehicle strands for three days, it definitely increases the truck fare, its crew expenditure and other factors cost the total business a lot,” he observed. Now, Pakistan was in a direct competition for transit trade instead of having a monopoly, and under the Prime Minister’s vision of turning Pakistan into a trade and transit hub, he said, it was direly needed to upgrade our borders Customs stations for speedy and efficient clearance of transit goods. To a question about ratio of tax evasion, the FBR Chairman said the Board had managed to decrease this trend, as this fiscal year, a total of 890,000 taxpayers submitted their tax returns against the 711,000 during last financial year. To another question, he said that Pakistan Customs Chief Collector had recently visited India to improve and share the Customs communication, as India wanted to utilize the Wagha Border trade facility to its optimum level, however, in this matter the Commerce Ministry had a lead role and the FBR/Customs had to facilitate

them. The FBR Chairman said the Board was also focusing on intra and inter-departmental communication and proper liaison, which was a prerequisite to improve substantially their efficiency and performance. To a query, Tariq Bajwa said the FBR was working to improving recovery from the existing tax sectors to enhance revenue collection. Earlier, addressing the Customs officers, he underscored the need for putting in order effective and stringent measures to curb under invoicing and smuggling, citing that it would definitely help create a breathing space for the local industry. He said that Customs Department was eminent in the collection of revenues that made the country’s economic indicators healthier and ultimately led to country’s progress and prosperity of its people. At the end, the FBR Chairman gave away appreciation certificates to the Customs officers and officials having shown remarkable performance.

Conference on challenges of business education ISLAMABAD: The National Business Education Accreditation Council (NBEAC) in collaboration with the Higher Education Commission (HEC) is organising a twoday international conference on emerging challenges of business schools from January 27-28. The Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited (PTCL) and Institute of Cost and Management Accountants of Pakistan (ICMAP) are the main sponsors for the conference, said a press release. The conference, which is first of a series of four, shall identify critical steps needed to align education with business needs and recommend actions for the emerging challenges in the business education facing Pakistan. The aim is to bridge the gap between industry and academia and to reflect on the key purpose of business education in Pakistan. The conference will provide a unique opportunity to share ideas on emerging challenges of business education, and discuss innovative ideas and solutions and will be addressed by national and international speakers. aPP

Rs 91b tax collected from mobile companies in 3 years ISLAMABAD: A sum of Rs 91,429 million has been collected as tax from mobile companies during last three financial years (2010-11 to 2012-13). According to a source in the finance, revenue, economic affairs, statistics and privatisation division, Rs 27,514 million were collected in 2010-11, Rs 36,843 million in 201112, and Rs 27,072 million in 2012-13. aPP

ISLAMABAD: Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP) Chairman Enver Baig calls on Ishaq Dar. INP

Dar takes up issues of BISP, PIA Islamabad Staff RePoRt

Benazir Income Support Program (BISP) Chairman Enver Baig called on Finance Minister Senator Ishaq Dar at the finance ministry on Sunday. During the meeting they discussed issues relating to BISP. The BISP chairman apprised the finance minister about the efforts being made to reach out to the deserving and further streamlining of processes

to simplify them. The finance minister said that transparency was and remained the highest priority of the PML-N government and directed that the recipients and beneficiaries of the program should be provided relief without any difficulty or delay. The finance ministry, he added, would ensure timely disbursement of funds to the BISP. The meeting was also attended by Secretary Finance Dr Waqar Ma-

Ministry orders KPT to retrieve encroached land KaRaCHI Staff RePoRt

Federal Minister for Ports and Shipping Senator Kamran Michael has directed the Karachi Port Trust (KPT) chairman to start an anti-encroachment operation in those areas that have been unlawfully encroached by the occupants. The federal minister himself reached Karachi to monitor the anti-encroachment operation, said a ministry spokesman Sunday. He said in the first phase at least 200

unlawful houses built on the Karachi Port’s land were demolished on the directives of federal minister. The operation was carried out in Machhar Colony area of the city wherein the KPT’s port security force and police took part. Further, some 50 godowns and packhouses also had been demolished which were constructed unlawfully. “In total 70 acres of land has been retrieved by Karachi port,” said the spokesman. The federal minister, he said, had required to inspect the record of the en-

croached land. Michael, the spokesman quoted as having said, directed that the antiencroachment drive would continue at any cost and no pressure would be accepted in this regard. The PML-N minister emphasised that it did not seem to matter how powerful and influential the occupants were. “He is interested to retrieve each inch of land of government and he is ready to go any extent to retrieve these land from those who seized the land into their hands,” said the spokesman.

sood and Advisor to the Finance Ministry Rana Asad Amin. Separately, Shujaat Azeem, newly-appointed special assistant to the prime minister on aviation called on Ishaq Dar and discussed with him issues related to aviation division and Pakistan International Airlines(PIA). During the meeting, Shujaat Azeem apprised the finance minister about the issues and problems facing the aviation division and PIA.

The finance minister asked him to prepare a summary after approval of the prime minister and the minister incharge identifying the issues and place them for consideration of Economic Coordination Committee (ECC) which is scheduled to meet on Tuesday, so that a decision could be made on them. The meeting was attended by Secretary Finance Dr Waqar Masood and Advisor to Ministry of Finance Rana Assad Amin.


LEISURE 11

Monday, 27 January, 2014

baldo

aries

taurus

Gemini

Your thinking can't be constrained by the group -- so let yourself roam free! Your terrific mental energy should help you come up with at least four great new ideas to get started on right away.

Your philosophical notions are making life a little sweeter today -- so make sure that you're spending extra time pondering life's mysteries. You may actually stumble on something practical!

No amount of cajoling can get you what you need today -- so make sure that you're either keeping your mouth shut or finding less intrusive ways of persuading others that you're right.

cancer

leo

virGo

You need to take care of yourself today -- so make sure that you're on top of your own needs. It may feel weird to put yourself first, but sometimes that's just the way it is.

You feel tireless today, so make sure that you're in a position to do something useful (or fun) with all this great energy. You can get almost anything done without too much trouble.

Try to go with the flow today -- though you may feel like lashing out at the slightest provocation! It's one of those days when you've got to try to relax, if only to get past the small stuff.

libra

scorpio

saGittarius

Your communication should be especially expressive today -- so much so that you may find it simple to reach out to someone who has shut you out almost entirely. Work your magic!

Things seem pretty good right now -- maybe a little too good! Your innate skepticism is worth deploying, because you are sure to find something suspicious at the edges of this deal.

Your admiration for a friend or family member shines brightly today -- and it pays off, too! Hand out compliments freely and you may find that the gratitude comes back to you quickly.

capricorn

aQuarius

pisces

It's one of those days when the clock seems to move faster than usual. Unless you're under a hard deadline, that can be a good thing, as you may plow through lots of work without realizing it.

You're the Welcome Wagon today -- at work, in the neighborhood or among your friends. Make it easy for new folks to integrate into the group and you should score some much-needed karma.

Try to avoid blunt communication today -- if you can give yourself time to craft your message, you should be fine. That could be hard in the heat of the moment, so you're better off retreating for now.

crossword

sUdoKU

ACROSS

word search

bridge

how to play fill in all the squares in the grid so that each row, column and each of the squares contains all the digits. the object is to insert the numbers in the boxes to satisfy only one condition: each row, column and 3x3 box must contain the digits 1 through 9 exactly once.

print project reason rebel relief report salute scale sear seed seer swords trial twist valve vase wander waste woes world

Today’s soluTions

overberried

chess white tO PLAY AND MAte iN fOur MOVeS 8

DOWN

7 6 5 4 3 2

C

D

E

F

G

H

chess solution

B

2.ra6+ Kb8 4.rxa1 *

A

1.Na5 a1Q 3.Nc6+ Kc7

1

sudoku solution

1 tree — area of london (6) 2 fish of the carp family (5) 3 released (3,4) 5 petroleum-rich african desert country (5) 6 large tent (7) 7 over there (6) 8 high-ranking diplomats (11) 14 belly (7) 15 small wind instrument (7) 16 copied by following the lines of a drawing (6) 17 tempestuous (6) 19 when expected (2,3) 21 loosen (5)

abide assemble been beside blood cart coal cream discover endure escape expression fanatical five focus heroes hole killer lewd opposed

crossword solution

1 ecclesiastical area (6) 4 unpleasantly damp (6) 9 apparition (7) 10 aristocratic title (5) 11 detest (5) 12 Generally (2,1,4) 13 thirteen (6,5) 18 Giant north american conifer (7) 20 Grown-up (5) 22 funny (5) 23 carouse (7) 24 hazard (6) 25 without danger (6)

garfield


12

Monday, 27 January, 2014

ARTS

Sleeping on the job:

Grabbing forty winks at work

G

eTTIng a bit drowsy at work? You’re in luck. Previously taboo, sleeping in the workplace is becoming much more acceptable. With an increasing number of companies encouraging their employees to doze off during the workday, fewer have to duck under the desk. Some firms even offer dreamy amenities such as state-of-the-art nap pods, darkened, Zen-like snooze rooms, and ostrich-feather pillows. “The outlook on naps in the workplace is changing,” said Lisa Orndorff, employee relations/engagement and global HR manager at the Society for Human Resource Management in Alexandria, Virginia. According to the 2013 SHRM employee Benefits Survey, 6% of employers provide on-site nap rooms for employees, up from 5% in 2008. That change, Orndorff thinks, is caused and exemplified by high-profile leaders such as author and news website editor-in-chief Arianna Huffington. Huffington has had nap-rooms set up in the offices of media company Huffington Post so employees can have a micro-sleep, and she writes and speaks regularly on the topic. Metronaps, which counts google as a client, has offices in the US, europe and Australia and has installed its nap pods across those continents and Asia for companies in a range of industries, according to CeO Christopher Lindholst. “More and more employers acknowledge the importance of a short midday nap and offer their employees rest facilities,” he said. “Research has

conclusively shown, and continues to do so, not only health, but also productivity benefits for power-nappers.” evidence that napping helps improve alertness, mood and performance has helped to chip away at the stigma long associated with mid-day dozes, said Lindholst. CultuRE shift Company culture began considering employee well-being about a decade ago, by stocking the cafeteria with healthy food options or bringing in fitness instructors. Sleep, however, was left out of the equation, said nancy H Rothstein, who consults and lectures on the topic of sleep wellness to Fortune 500 companies. Proper rest

is a “risk management issue”, she said. “I am hearing from more and more companies who are recognising that sleep may be a missing link to their success,” she said. As a result, more employers are looking for sleep solutions. normalising napping is one method. “Investing in sleep provides faster returns on investment in terms of employee health and productivity,” Lindholst said, comparing it with nutrition and exercise. “Think about it like this: if I don’t exercise today, or if I don’t eat well, I can still come to work tomorrow. But if I get a bad night’s sleep my ability to get things done will be severely restrained.”

BEnEfits even after a solid night’s sleep, research shows many people could benefit from a daytime doze to recharge. Because of circadian rhythms, it’s natural to want one, according to a Harvard Medical School newsletter. naps are the “the no-cost, no-sweat way to improve performance and mood,” said Professor emeritus at Boston University William Anthony, who has authored books on napping. Anthony suggests promoting a simple policy: “If you nap at the workplace, you’re not in danger of losing your job or reputation.”Sanctioning napping in the workplace can make a significant difference. employees and bosses should feel comfortable taking a snooze break during allotted break times, like the lunch hour, Anthony advocates. In some cultures, workday naps have always been viewed as crucial to productivity. napping is required in some Asian-based companies, said Orndorff. In Japan, the custom inemuri, which means “to be asleep while present”, makes it permissible and actually positive to sleep while at work: it indicates the sleeper is committed to his or her job. Mediterranean and Latin cultures also have a tradition of midday breaks or siestas. Cultures where workday naps are not common would do well to learn from those where it is. In today’s global workplace, professionals must connect with colleagues in multiple timezones and at all times of day. This round-the-clock workday, Rothstein says, makes prioritising sleep more important now than ever. COURTESYBBC

South Korea to launch 5G service so fast users can download an entire film in just one second

South Korea is to introduce a blazing fast 5G mobile internet service, quick enough to download a full length feature film in less than a second. While most of the world has yet to experience the improvements offered by 4G services, the technologically advanced country has announced a £900million (1.6 trillion won) in its successor. South Korea’s science ministry said it aims to implement the technology, which is about 1,000 times faster than the 4G, within six years. A ministry spokesman said: ‘We helped fuel national growth with 2G services in the 1990s, 3G in the 2000s and 4G around 2010. Now it is time to take preemptive action to develop 5G.’ ‘Countries in Europe, China and the US are making aggressive efforts to develop 5G technology ... and we believe there will be fierce competition in this market in a few years,’ it said. ONLINE

Engineering babies! Woman ‘to become first in the world to give birth to a baby from a transplanted womb’ after doctors successfully implant embryo

Rome Police pit Twitter against illegal parking ROME: The creativity of Italians in parking their cars and scooters - on traffic islands, the pavement or simply in the middle of the street - knows few limits. But now police in the capital Rome have enlisted the power of social media to help them get to grips with the endemic problem. Citizens who spot illegally parked cars can alert a dedicated police Twitter account, @PLRomaCapitale. The police then reply to say when they have taken action - typically in a matter of hours. The new head of the urban police force Raffaele Clemente says that the initiative aims to create a cultural shift. “Sharing, such as on social networks, is needed to fight certain patterns of illegality and rulebreaking, and also of crime,” he said. Congestion is a serious problem in the capital. In the past, authorities have been forced to limit car access when pollution

caused by exhaust fumes reached potentially dangerous levels. Over a half of Romans use private transport and the city has one of the world’s most car-dense populations, with about 70 cars per 100 residents. Add this to a culture of rule-breaking and cobbled streets that

wind along a narrow, often medieval street pattern, and chaos can ensue. Photos flagged to police by Rome residents show cars parked in zig-zags across pedestrian crossings and pavements. A common problem is double parking, where vehicles pull up beside those already parked on the sides of the road. Rows of cars four-thick can form, leaving only a narrow gap for the traffic to pass by. “In Cola di Rienzo street barbarity reigns ... Intervene!” wrote one user this week. Seven hours later the police replied to say they had intervened: 25 separate fines had been handed out. Initial skepticism among Twitter users about whether the system would work gave way to messages of thanks once penalty notices were issues. One user posted a photo of the police giving out fines under the rain. “Thank you and go on like this!” wrote another. AGENCIES

Study suggests kids should before sleep

A woman is set to become the first in the world to give birth from a transplanted womb after doctors successfully implanted an embryo into her body. The unnamed woman, who was born without a womb, was one of nine to receive a womb transplant in Sweden between September 2012 and April last year. It is now hoped she will become the first in the world to successfully give birth following the procedure after doctors managed to transfer an embryo grown from the woman’s own egg last week. This means any child she has through IVF would genetically be her own. And as her transplanted womb was transferred by her mother, her baby would also be the first in the world to be born from the same womb as their mother. ONLINE

Kids who regularly plugged into social networking sites before bedtime reported sleeping nearly an hour less on school nights than those who rarely connected online, a new study shows. “Using technology in the bedroom may result in sleep loss, delays in initiating sleep, daytime sleepiness and more,” the study’s lead author, Teresa Arora says. “In turn, this may affect daytime performance, particularly at school,” Arora, from Weill Cornell Medical College in Doha, Qatar, said. The researchers found kids ages 11 to 13 slept significantly less when they frequently communicated on a cell phone, surfed the Internet, played video games, watched television, listened to music and even if they used a computer to study before hitting the sack. Social networking was associated with the biggest loss of sleep. Those who said they usually connected to friends online before getting into bed reported sleeping the least an average of 8 hours and 10 minutes a night compared with 9 hours and 2 minutes among those who never connected. Earlier studies have linked sleep deprivation to obesity, depression, difficulty regulating emotions and lower grades. A Chinese study published last month found staying up late may raise teens’ blood pressure. For the current study, the researchers analyzed surveys on sleep and technology habits completed by 738 students at seven randomly selected schools in the Midlands region of England in 2010. Kids who

CMYK

frequently viewed TV before bed were four times more likely to report waking up several times during the night than non-viewers, and frequent social networkers were three times more likely to wake up a lot. Kids who regularly played video games or listened to music at bedtime had significantly more difficulty falling asleep, the researchers reported in Sleep Medicine. Teenagers’ sleep schedules naturally tend to shift as a result of feeling alert later at night and having trouble falling asleep. But technology may worsen the tendency to burn the midnight oil, Arora and her colleagues wrote. The findings came as no surprise to Dr. Nanci Yuan, medical director of the Sleep Center at Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital in Palo Alto, California. She was not involved in the new study. “The advent of technology has made every age group, but especially teenagers, have difficulties with their sleep,” Yuan, who also studies sleep disorders at Stanford University, told a foreign news agency. “We’re seeing more sleep-deprivation problems in society as a whole, and we’re seeing it more in teenagers.” Children from 11 to 13 years old need between 10 and 11 hours of continuous sleep a night for optimal health, she said. She recommended adolescents shut down all electronics, ideally removing them from the bedroom, at least one hour, and preferably two, before turning in. “We have to make sleep a priority as important as good nutrition and exercise,” she said. AGENCIES


Monday, 27 January, 2014

ARTS

13

Pakistan dRama industRy’s tOP 5 mOst exPensiVe celebs

l

IKE any other profession, Showbiz industry demands much of your time, hard work and talent, especially when you are newly launched. Now that our television industry has groomed a lot and is now enjoying a huge viewer-ship not only within the country but all over the world, our artists seem wise enough to cash their talent the best they can. Out of many popular celebrities who are considered as an expensive actor to afford, here are the top 5 actors who are demanding high packages from producers. 1) Fawad Khan Is it really shocking to find

shahid kapoor nervous about final schedule of Haider Bollywood actor Shahid Kapoor, who will sport clean-shaven head for his upcoming movie Haider, says he is nervous and excited to shoot the final schedule of the film. “Reading scenes for the final schedule of Haider. Nervous and excited. Last four days of hair I can run my hands through. Snowed out Kashmir calling,” Shahid posted on microblogging website Twitter on Sunday. Directed by Vishal Bharadwaj, Haider also features Shraddha Kapoor. NEWs DEsk

amber Heard dictates Johnny depp? Actress Amber Heard reportedly makes all the decisions in her relationship with actor Johnny Depp. The 27-year-old is the woman who has finally tamed her “The Rum Diary” co-star, say her friends. “Amber has called the shots since day one, dictating when they went public, for example. She’s half his age and that’s part of why he’ll do whatever she wants in order to keep her,” contactmusic.com quoted a source as saying. “He has definitely toned down his behaviour since he started dating Amber. He acts like a mature and charming man now,” said another source. Depp, 50, has daughter Lily-Rose, 14, and son Jack, 11, with former partner Vanessa Paradis. He is said to have popped the question to Heard recently. NEWs DEsk

‘Justin bieber will end up dead like michael Jackson’ Justin Bieber`s former housekeeper has warbed that unless and until the teen pop star mends his way, he is going to end up like the late Michael Jackson. Tatiana Voziouk said that she is terrified that he will become the next Michael Jackson and will soon hear the news of his passing away, asserting that the news will be heartbreaking. Voziouk said that she has decided to speak out now as she cares for him. The 47-year-old housekeeper revealed that marijuana is delivered to the 19-year-old star`s house near Los Angeles by a legal drug company who supply for medicinal purposes. NEWs DEsk

keira knightley was banned from pouts in ‘Pride and Prejudice’ Actress Keira Knightley, who is known for her glamorous pouts, has revealed that she was once forbidden to employ her go-to expression on camera. The 28-year-old actress said that back in 2005 her `Pride and Prejudice` director Joe Wright did not allow her to purse her lips on screen, reported Us magazine. “I`ve got it out of my system. I didn`t know I did it so much, and Joe banned it from the film,” she said. The Oscarnominated British actress and Wright went on to work together in `Atonement` (2007) and `Anna Karenina` (2012). But it was only until 2011 that Wright finally relented on the ban when the two teamed up for a Chanel perfume campaign. “Then, when we did the Chanel adverts he said, `You know that pout we banned? Can we have it back and as much as possible`,” Knightley added. NEWs DEsk

this out? Fawad Khan has turned into a leading actor after his blockbuster hits like ‘Humsafar’ and ‘Zindagi Gulzar Hai’. As per the resources, he tops the list of most expensive actors in Pakistani film Industry. 2) Faisal Qureshi Faisal Qureshi and Humayun Saeed can be considered as the real heroes of this revival of drama industry who are cherished by the Pakistani audience for whatever role they are seen in. Faisal, after realising his real worth in this field has also increased his rates and has been lately choosing the projects on the basis of packages been offered. 3) MiKaal ZulFiQar

Either it is his luck or his good looks which have contributed largely in turning this model a real actor. Besides the fact that he is considered to be an important player in the showbiz industry, the fact persists that there are people who do not find themselves convinced with his acting skills! Following the footsteps of Fawad Khan, Mikaal has too increased his worth and now demands six digit packages. 4) sajal ali Now this one has literally shocked me. This young actress is currently considered to be an expensive actress at the moment. She has officially proclaimed herself as an actress who is

expensive to afford, however, regardless of her high rates, she is seen frequently on different channels, playing major roles. 5) saba QaMar Saba is surely a multitalented Pakistani icon who is loved by the audience regardless of factors like age, culture and location. She received a huge applause for portraying so much negativity on screen as Saman in drama serial ‘Maat’ and then playing a powerful character in dramas like ‘Na Kaho tum Mere nahi’, ‘Yahan Pyar nahi hai’ and ‘Ullu Baraye Farukht nahi’. She is also selecting projects on the basis of packages which are been offered currently. NEWs DEsk

I’M OPEN TO WORKING IN HOLLYWOOD: SONAKSHI Director Vikramaditya Motwane’s Lootera (2013) did something for Sonakshi Sinha that none of her previous movies were able to do. The film got critics to stand up and take notice of Sonakshi’s acting. However, the onset of the awards season this year hasn’t been very encouraging, as the acclaimed film has received almost no nominations at the major functions. “I’m taken aback,” is all she says. But the film did something else for the 26-year-old actor, who recently received an offer from a New York-based group to play an important role in the stage adaptation of O Henry’s The Last Leaf. Incidentally, Lootera is also based on this popular short story. Reacting to the Broadway offer, she says, “I am considering taking it up as it’s (the production) very opulent. I’m working around my dates, so let’s see.” Now that she’s keen on looking beyond Bollywood, do Hollywood projects also feature on her to-do list, we ask her. “As for Hollywood, yes, I am open to those

Veena claims to be Rekha’s biggest fan Veena Malik, who was in Kolkata recently for a show, admitted that she is Rekha’s biggest fan. “I wouldn’t like to be like any other actress but her,” she said. She also added that she had a soft corner for none other than Rekha. “There are so many beauties whom I admire. But if there is one beauty who makes me forget to blink is Rekhaji. Even if I am taking a shower, I come out to see Rekhaji on screen.” The Pakistani actress, who got married recently, said that she was in awe of Rekha’s aura, charisma, and bold and beautiful personality. NEWs DEsk

films, too, if what is offered to me is good. The West works very differently from how we work here. Our films are made to match our people’s thinking and ideas,” says Sonakshi, adding that “animation or kids’ movies, or some sort of fantasy films” are genres that would interest her when it comes to working in Hollywood films. “I will not step out of my comfort zone even when I’m there (in Hollywood). I want families to watch my movies, so I won’t do work that does not suit Indian sensibilities,” she adds. Elaborating on the lack of nominations for Lootera in popular film awards this year, despite all the critical acclaim, she adds, “I feel my nomination (as best actress, for the film) was unwarranted. But I believe that respect needs to be given to a film when it’s due.” NEWs DEsk

HUGH JACKMAN TO PLAY PETER PAN’S NEMESIS IN NEW FILM Hugh Jackman has officially signed up to play pirate villain Blackbeard in a new Peter Pan movie. The Les Miserables star has been linked to the role in director Joe Wright’s film, Pan, ever since Javier Bardem dropped out of the project last year, and now his casting has been confirmed by Warner Bros. In a statement, Warner Bros. Pictures Worldwide Marketing and International Distribution president Sue Kroll said: “There is a reason that Hugh is known and loved the world over. He is uncompromising in his dedication to every role, and we are all thrilled to be working with him again.” The film’s title character has yet to be cast, but Inside Llewyn Davis actor Garrett Hedlund has reportedly been offered the role of Peter Pan’s arch-foe Captain Hook. The movie, inspired by author JM Barrie’s classic tale, is scheduled to hit cinemas in the summer of 2015. Meanwhile, the action hero and song-and-dance man is rocking the business in the front, party in the back mullet hair-

CMYK

style for his new film, Chappie. Sitting in the hair and makeup trailer on the set for the film, Hugh posted the picture of his new ‘do to his Instagram on January 7. “Day 1 on Chappie! Vincent is born, rocking the mullet. Working with Neill Blomkamp in SA. This film is rad,” he captioned the photo. Chappie features Hugh along with Sigouney Weaver, Dev Patel and director Neil’s Elysium star Sharlto Copley, playing the title role. N E W s DEsk


14 SPORTS

Monday, 27 January, 2014

AUSTRALIA HIT BACK

for five-run win aDelaiDe

B

aGeNcIeS

RILLIANT for much of this summer, Australia settled for simply being the lucky country on their national day, as a fortuitous moment at the pointy end of the final ODI effectively handed the hosts a fourth limited-overs victory out of five over England and a ninth from 10 encounters including the Ashes clean sweep. In a scrappy contest dictated largely by the sluggishness of Adelaide Oval's drop-in pitch, Australia posted a mediocre total but defended it grandly against an England team who threatened to take control at several stages of the chase but could never quite manage to wrest command of the evening. Alastair Cook, Joe Root and Eoin Morgan all contributed useful scores to take England close, but it was left to Ravi Bopara to try to take his team to a second win in a row. He seemed likely to carry them there, until falling victim to a most unfortunate end, as Matthew Wade's fumble behind the stumps bounced back onto the leg bail with the batsman's foot barely raised. The Australians celebrated their win raucously and fittingly - it was one more moment of joy in a summer brimful of them, while England rued the swings of outrageous fortune that inevitably seem to go against the side to fall behind. The hosts owed much to Nathan Coulter-Nile, who delivered perhaps his best and most disciplined spell for Australia, before Clint McKay gave nothing away in the closing overs. James Faulkner also bowled well despite complaining of knee soreness earlier in the day, while Shaun Marsh may be under his own fitness cloud having left the field midway through England's chase.

AUSTRALIA FRET OVER BIRD BACK INJURY

Aaron Finch was the beneficiary of two dropped chances in the afternoon but was beaten for pace by a revved up Stuart Broad, before Shane Watson, Michael Clarke and Shaun Marsh all perished to loose strokes as they tried to raise the hosts' run rate. The remainder of the innings was a struggle despite the best efforts of George Bailey, the only batsman to pass 50 in the face of a diligent England bowling line-up. Broad's pace and direction showed the way for his colleagues, while Ben Stokes, Tim Bresnan, Chris Jordan and James Tredwell also delivered sturdy spells. Ian Bell and Cook began smartly, until the difficulties posed for shot-making on a decidedly slow surface began to rear. Bell tried to drive on the up and was taken at mid-off. Stokes' attempted pull shot was not middled and settled in the hands of midwicket. Then after a partnership with Root that hinted at success, Cook himself mistimed to short cover. Root showed admirable composure on his return to the team, unhurried and unflustered while building another stand with Morgan. At 3 for 154 they were close to breaking the back of the chase, only for Morgan to follow his predecessors in perishing to a lofted stroke, this time finding Shane Watson at mid-off from the bowling of James Faulkner. Three runs later and Root was trudging off too, his attempted paddle only succeeding in picking out short fine leg. A previously restive Australia Day crowd found its voice as the Australian huddle grew more enthusiastic. Jos Buttler enhanced their anticipation when he picked out deep midwicket with a pull shot, and Bresnan's one mowed six over wide long-on was cancelled out when he was thrown out by Glenn Maxwell, running in from cover.

Jackson Bird will enter the South Africa tour under something of a fitness cloud after he was pulled out of a warm-up appearance due to a back complaint, with James Pattinson now taking up his spot in the Western Australia second XI team for the first two days of the fixture against the Queensland Academy in Brisbane. In an alarming development for Australia's tour plans, Bird jarred his back while fielding in his most recent Big Bash League appearance for the Melbourne Stars against Hobart Hurricanes on Tuesday, and has been undergoing treatment since. It has now been decided that Bird should not bowl in the Futures League match on Monday, opening the way for Pattinson to play on the first two days after he was not selected for the fifth and final ODI against England at Adelaide Oval on Australia Day. "Jackson Bird jarred his back whilst diving in the field for the Melbourne Stars on Tuesday night which has resulted in some back soreness," the Australian team physio Alex Kountouris said. "As such, he has been withdrawn from the second XI fixture whilst he receives treatment ahead of his departure for South Africa." Bird has spent most of this summer recovering from a back injury he sustained in the fourth Ashes Test in Durham during the England tour, his only appearance in the back-to-back series. His action was remodeled under the guidance of the Test bowling coach Craig McDermott, before he put in a string of encouraging displays in the BBL.

aUSTraLIa aJ Finch b broad 7 Se Marsh c cook b Stokes 36 0 Sr Watson c †buttler b broad MJ clarke* b bresnan 8 GJ bailey c broad b Stokes 56 GJ Maxwell c †buttler b Stokes 22 MS Wade† b broad 31 JP Faulkner c Morgan b Jordan 27 NM coulter-Nile lbw b Jordan 15 cJ McKay not out 1 XJ doherty not out 1 eXTraS (lb 9, w 4) 13 ToTaL (9 wickets; 50 overs) 217 FaLL oF WIcKeTS 1-14 (Finch, 4.4 ov), 2-22 (Watson, 6.2 ov), 3-43 (clarke, 13.6 ov), 4-64 (Marsh, 19.4 ov), 5-112 (Maxwell, 29.2 ov), 6-167 (bailey, 40.5 ov), 7-176 (Wade, 42.5 ov), 8-215 (Faulkner, 49.3 ov), 9-215 (coulter-Nile, 49.4 ov) boWLING: ScJ broad 10-2-31-3, cJ Jordan 10-0-37-2, TT bresnan 10-0-51-1, Jc Tredwell 7-0-28-0, ba Stokes 10-043-3, rS bopara 3-0-18-0 eNGLaNd INNINGS aN cook* c bailey b coulter-Nile 39 14 Ir bell c Finch b coulter-Nile 0 ba Stokes c Marsh b McKay

Je root c doherty b Faulkner 55 eJG Morgan c Watson b Faulkner 39 rS bopara st †Wade b McKay 25 5 Jc buttler† c McKay b coulter-Nile TT bresnan run out (Maxwell) 13 ScJ broad b McKay 7 cJ Jordan not out 4 Jc Tredwell c †Wade b Watson 0 eXTraS (b 1, lb 4, w 6) 11 ToTaL (all out; 49.4 overs) 212 FaLL oF WIcKeTS 1-23 (bell, 5.6 ov), 2-29 (Stokes, 8.3 ov), 3-90 (cook, 23.5 ov), 4-154 (Morgan, 35.4 ov), 5-157 (root, 37.5 ov), 6-174 (buttler, 42.3 ov), 7-194 (bresnan, 45.5 ov), 8-204 (broad, 46.6 ov), 9-209 (bopara, 48.4 ov), 10-212 (Tredwell, 49.4 ov) boWLING: cJ McKay 10-1-36-3, NM coulter-Nile 10-1-34-3, JP Faulkner 10-0-37-2, XJ doherty 10-1-40-0, Sr Watson 6.4-035-1, GJ Maxwell 3-0-25-0 MaTch deTaILS Toss australia, who chose to bat Series australia won the 5-match series 4-1 Player of the match JP Faulkner (australia) Player of the series aJ Finch (australia) Umpires Sd Fry and reJ Martinesz (Sri Lanka) TV umpire hdPK dharmasena (Sri Lanka) Match referee aJ Pycroft (Zimbabwe)

Mirpur Bangladesh captain Mushfiqur Rahim has plenty to ponder, particularly after he became the first international cricketer to talk openly about the 'position paper' on Saturday. His focus has shifted to the Test match at hand, and although he sounds tired, the best thought in his mind right now might be to recall how he took on the Sri Lanka attack in Galle last March. He scored the country's first Test double-hundred, helping the side to its first drawn game against Sri Lanka. He hasn't scored a Test century since that innings, but has played vital knocks in the Test win against Zimbabwe, and in home ODIs against New Zealand. During this time, his leadership qualities have seen some success, as Bangladesh continued to have one better year after another since he took over. There have been bad times too, like when he prematurely resigned after losing

COOK TO MISS WEST INDIES SERIES SpOrTS DeSk

Confident of taking 20 wickets: Mushfiqur aGeNcIeS

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in Zimbabwe, but throughout all this, he has kept his own batting form intact. "I want to bat consistently," Mushfiqur said. "This is the first Test of the year so I hope that whenever I get set, I should get a big score. I want to make as much

contribution for the team as possible. "We are playing to win, so if our performers raise their hand, anything is possible in this Test match. We want to continue playing consistent cricket as we have played at home recently. If we do so over the next five days, even a loss wouldn't feel bad. We played very well in Sri Lanka last year. We lost the Test series because we couldn't play to our potential in the second Test." His comfort at the helm means that now he has come to a position from where he believes that results will only come with an extra push. Mushfiqur believes that if the pace bowlers can put in their contribution, it will be easier for the batsmen and spinners. "Our batting is getting consistent, and for them too, batting strength is much heavier than their bowling," Mushfiqur said. "The challenge will be for our pace bowlers, who are yet to play to their full potential. I hope they keep on improving as they have in the last 12 months.

Alastair Cook's next international match will not be until the English season after he confirmed he would sit out the short one-day series in West Indies. The move was always on the cards after the demands on Cook during the Ashes tour and also because the West Indies trip comes just before the World Twenty20, in which Cook will not play. Stuart Broad, the T20 captain, is expected to step up and make use of an extended opportunity to work with England's limited-overs coach, Ashley Giles. Asked on Sky Sports if he would be on the West Indies tour, Cook said: "No I won't be. The Twenty20 guys have got their World Cup in Bangladesh and I think we see it as a great six weeks for them to start building the team. "They're never together very often and it gives them, and Broady and 'Gilo' time, to really have six weeks together to build for Bangladesh." Although there are three ODIs in the Caribbean before the three T20s, which Cook could have captained to further expand his skills ahead of the World Cup next year, it has been viewed as the chance to give him a longer break and allow the Twenty20 players some extra match practice even if it is a longer format. The one-day leg of the tour is now likely to be captained by Broad, who leads the T20 side, although Eoin Morgan would be another option and has been touted as the man to captain the 50-over side in the long term. However, after voicing doubts over his captaincy future after the defeat in Sydney last week, Cook was more buoyant about his role in Perth and said he was "desperate" to carry on as both the ODI and Test captain despite the debilitating tour of Australia. Pending any further changes of heart that means his first match back in England colours could be the ODI against Scotland on May 9 or the start of the one-day series against Sri Lanka on May 20. England's schedule has been switched for the 2014 season with the Tests not starting until June 12 at Lord's.

BANGLADESH'S NEW PERFORMERS IN FOCUS AGAINST SRI LANKA Dhaka aGeNcIeS

The last time Bangladesh and Sri Lanka met in a Test was in March 2013, at the R Premadasa Stadium in Colombo with long grass on the outfield. Tamim Iqbal went off in a huff after failing to get the ball to the boundary more times than he would have liked; match referee David Boon strolled out to talk to the curator, telling him to keep it consistent throughout the game. Sri Lanka managed to win the Test, and the series, but the game wasn't without its share of fun. Bangladesh-Sri Lanka contests have not been fun, except for those cricket fans who like heavy thrashings and batting records. That has been the real story of these two teams since 2001. Over the last three years, the big defeats have lessened but the batting records have continued. In the first Test of the 2013 series, however, some of the batting records went Bangladesh's way. Mushfiqur Rahim scored

the country's first Test double-hundred, while Mohammad Ashraful made 190, his highest Test score. Ashraful had actually been a central figure as Sri Lanka used to be his favourite opponent, the only team against whom he has scored more than 1,000 runs. But now he is no longer a part of the Bangladesh set-up, having been embroiled in the BPL corruption controversy. The focus has shifted to the likes of Mushfiqur, Shakib Al Hasan, Tamim Iqbal, and over the last twelve months to Nasir Hossain, Mominul Haque, Sohag Gazi and Robiul Islam. Bangladesh have a string of performers, all of whom have done something significant in the last 18 months. Sri Lanka will rely on the stalwarts Kumar Sangakkara and Mahela Jayawardene, but Angelo Mathews and Dinesh Chandimal are the newest Sri Lankan leadership pair that Bangladesh will need to watch. The form of the openers Kaushal Silva and Dimuth Karunaratne is impressive, as well as the threat that is posed by Shaminda Eranga, Suranga Lakmal and

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Rangana Herath. If Bangladesh play to form and keep the questions about their Test status away for enough time, they will give Sri Lanka a run for their money, perhaps for the first time. baNGLadeSh (ProbabLe): 1 Tamim Iqbal, 2 Shamsur

rahman/Imrul Kayes, 3 Marshall ayub, 4 Mominul haque, 5 Mushfiqur rahim (capt & wk), 6 Shakib al hasan, 7 Nasir hossain, 8 Sohag Gazi, 9 rubel hossain, 10 robiul Islam, 11 abdur razzak. SrI LaNKa (ProbabLe): 1 Kaushal Silva, 2 dimuth Karunaratne, 3 Kumar Sangakkara, 4 Mahela Jayawardene, 5 dinesh chandimal, 6 angelo Mathews (capt), 7 Prasanna Jayawardene (wk), 8 dilruwan Perera/Nuwan Pradeep, 9 Shaminda eranga, 10 rangana herath, 11 Suranga Lakmal.


Monday, 27 January, 2014

wawrinka survives astonishing nadal recovery to triumph

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TANISLAS Wawrinka held firm in a match of high drama to defeat an injured Rafa Nadal 6-3 6-2 3-6 6-3 and win the Australian Open on Sunday. The eighth seed roared to a two-set lead after top seed Nadal struggled with an apparent back injury sustained early in the second set, but the Swiss was left stunned as his opponent suddenly revived in the third at Rod Laver Arena. Though restricted in his movement, Nadal fought back into the match with a barrage of clean hitting, completely throwing the Swiss off his game who surrendered the third set in a hail of unforced errors. Wawrinka captured a break in the fourth set, surrendered it with a terrible service game, but recovered again to earn a chance to serve for the match. He stayed cool when it counted, serving strongly and sealing the win with an imperious forehand rocketing down the line. A relieved Wawrinka raised his hands in the air in celebration and after shaking hands with a gloomy Nadal, went to console the Spaniard at his chair. "First, Rafa, I'm really sorry for you, I hope your back is okay, you are a great friend and a great champion," Wawrinka said at the trophy ceremony. "You did a remarkable comeback last year. For me it's the best grand slam ever. "Right now I still don't know if I'm dreaming. I guess I'll find out in the morning." The 2009 champion Nadal shed tears at the trophy ceremony, overcome by the emotion of a roller-coaster match. "First thing I want to say, is thanks to Stan, we have a great relationship and you really deserve it today, so many congratulations and all the best. "To all the crowd, it's been an emotional two weeks sorry to finish this way, I tried very, very hard. "Last year was a tough when I wasn't able to play here, thanks for your support,

see you next year." The triumph capped a remarkable fortnight for Wawrinka who became the first man in 21 years to beat the top two seeds at a grand slam since Sergi Bruguera pulled off the feat at the French Open in 1993. Five days after ending second seed Novak Djokovic's three-year reign at Melbourne Park, Wawrinka denied a distraught Nadal from becoming only the third man to have won all four majors at least twice. Though Nadal's injury clearly affected his game, Wawrinka had been well on top of their match early on and surged 3-1 clear in the first set after an early break. Without a hint of nerves, Wawrinka blasted two aces before holding to lead 41, leaving the centre court crowd stunned. Wawrinka stumbled when serving for the set to fall behind 0-40 but saved them all, as Nadal's returning went awry, and took the set with a crosscourt ace. In all his previous 12 meetings against

Nadal, Wawrinka had never won a set. Breaking that jinx propelled him on. He broke Nadal in the first game of the second to march to a 2-0 lead before the Spaniard suddenly doubled over in pain. He grimaced after a first serve and immediately signalled for a trainer and winced again after belting a forehand into the net from the baseline. Nadal successfully held serve to trail 2-1 but quickly left the court for a medical time out, leaving Wawrinka to argue with the chair umpire about the lack of disclosure over the injury. Nadal re-emerged after six minutes amid some jeers from the Rod Laver Arena crowd but his movement was clearly restricted and he was unable to generate any pace on his serve. Wawrinka simply went about his business, marching to a 4-1 lead as Nadal double-faulted repeatedly and struggled to reach wide balls.

Nadal had more treatment on his back from a physio at the change of ends, then underlined his fighting spirit by holding serve to trail 5-2, but Wawrinka went on to serve out the set with an ace. Whether it was painkillers or just pure grit, Nadal showed signs of a revival in the third set as he saved two break points before holding serve with a barrage of sweetly-struck forehands. A searing forehand winner down the line gave Nadal two break points and astonishingly, the Spaniard broke a flatfooted Wawrinka when the Swiss bunted a bloodless forehand into the net. As Nadal rallied, his eighth-seeded opponent sunk, spraying shots all over the court with his concentration clearly affected by the sudden momentum switch. Still restricted in his movements, Nadal began gunning for the lines and his stand-and-deliver approach saw him march to a 5-2 lead.

PYF’S MINI MARATHONS CONTINUE lahOre STaFF rePorT

nestor eyes mixed douBles grand slam SpOrTS DeSk Canada's Daniel Nestor has targeted a mixed doubles grand slam in 2014 after pairing up with Frenchwoman Kristina Mladenovic to beat Sania Mirza and Horia Tecau and win the Australian Open title on Sunday. The Wimbledon champion pairing were nominally the underdogs against their sixth-seeded opponents but wrapped up a comfortable 6-3 6-2 victory inside an hour on Rod Laver Arena. It was a third Melbourne Park mixed doubles title for Canadian Nestor after his 2007 triumph with Elena Likhovtseva and 2011 victory with Katarina Srebotnik. Nestor then told his 20year-old partner Mladenovic on court that he would now like to target a sweep of the major titles to complete the Grand Slam in one year. "I was half joking but I always tell my friends my best chance of winning grand slams nowadays are in mixed," the 41year-old, who now has won a total of 12 Grand Slam doubles titles, later told reporters. "But obviously I'd still like to win men's doubles titles, too... I just think this is the best chance, but I'll keep playing both and hopefully good will come out of it." The last time a single partnership won doubles titles at all four majors in one year was when Martina Navratilova and Pam Shriver performed the feat in women's doubles in 1984. Defeat for Indian Mirza and her Romanian partner Tecau denied Asia a second Australian Open champion in two days after China's Li Na won the women's singles title on Saturday evening. "I've had a good week in the mixed so it's a good start to the year," said Mirza, who no longer plays singles.

The Tehsil Level of the Punjab Youth Festival 2014 on its concluding day tested the stamina and determination of the participants in various events and the mini-marathon races on Sunday. On the final day of the Tehsil Level there were around 158,000 players participation recorded and win fell in the laps of 9551 players. In Lahore, the most interesting and competitive activity was seen at Nishtar Town where Kabaddi was organized under the supervision of MPA Mian Naseer and there were around 10,000 people gathered on the occasion to witness the Kabaddi. Neck and neck competition was witnessed in the final between UC 143 and UC 145. After winning one game each, UC 143 prevailed over UC 145 to clinch the title with 41-33 points and kudos from the crowd. Meanwhile, the festival activity not only attracted youngsters but it also lured old aged people to the competitions. At Social Welfare Complex Mer Chowk Township Old Home, senior citizens took part in chess, fun race, tug of war and arm wrestling competitions. It must also be kept in mind that similar festival activity was also seen in Kot Lukh Path jail where the prisoners took active part in the festival events. Divisional convener sports Mian Naseer was the chief guest of the events at the old home while MPA Kanwal Nauman also graced the occasion. Giving their views some of the aged people said that today’s youngsters are the future of the nation and the credit of the activity goes to Chief Minister Mian Shahbaz Sharif that he provided an opportunity to the youngsters to take part in healthy activity. They further said that with their experience and ability they would prove that though they were old but their skills and abilities were not less than any youngster. Afzal Jatt won the mini-marathon race arranged at Samanabad Town. Contrary to the expectations, a large number of participants assembled for the race organized under the aegis of Samanabad Town and Punjab Sports Board from WASA More to Park More. In this test of

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endurance race, Muhammad Ashraf and Waqas Ishaq finished second and third respectively. The race was inaugurated by Advocate Rana Asad Khan, brother of Provincial Sports Minister Rana Mashhood. TMO Samanabad Imtiaz Awan, Mehar Imran, Mian Razzaq Jattal, Asfandyar Baloch, Malik Zeeshan and Rai Zeeshan were also present on this occasion. TMO Samanabad Imtiaz Awan, on this occasion, said such events plays important role in promoting healthy activities in the society. Similar mini-marathon race of Tehsil Iqbal Town was staged at Thoker Niaz Baig. Sabir Ali was declared winner in the 1500 meter race. The title of 100m girls’ race went to Zarmeen while Ali Ahmed grabbed the 100m children race title. Ajmed Javed Qazi was the chief guest on the occasion and gave the prizes to the participants. Another mini-marathon race was organized from Jallo More to Jallo Park at Wahga Town where a large number of people featured in the racing event. Ishaq sprinted to glory while Majid Ali and Awais took the remaining two top positions. Chief guest Rana Tajammal distributed prizes among the prominent performers. Mohammad Adnan was adjudged triumphant in Data Ganj Bakhsh Town minimarathon race followed by M Asif Ghiyas Butt. The runners covered the distance of the race from Chauburji to MAO College. Meanwhile, other tehsils of the province brought a large number of people to the grounds which were once gave a deserted look. In tehsils of Sheikhupura, Kasur and Nankana Sahib Districts of Lahore Division, there were 60082 participants and 340 were the winners. In Faisalabad’s districts of Jhang, Tobe Tek Singh and Chiniot, 2693 came out to compete and 535 were declared winners.

SPORTS 15 watch it Live TEN SPORTS BANGLADESH VS SRI LANKA IST TEST DAY 1

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NZ NAME UNCHANGED SQUAD FOR TESTS

SpOrTS DeSk New Zealand have named an unchanged squad for the two Tests against India from the one that beat West Indies 2-0 in December. The selectors, also announced that Jesse Ryder will travel with the squad as back-up for Ross Taylor, whose second child is due during the Test series. The two-Test series against India starts February 6 at Eden Park, Auckland, followed by the second Test in Wellington from February 14. There was no place in the squad for Martin Guptill who last played a Test against England in May 2013 before picking up an injury on New Zealand's tour to Bangladesh. The batsman scored big runs on the domestic first-class circuit before making a comeback in the ODIs against West Indies. Mike Hesson, the New Zealand coach, said the selectors had discussed Guptill and Tom Latham, before backing the current opening pair of Hamish Rutherford and Peter Fulton. Rutherford and Fulton will prepare for the Test series by playing the two-day warm-up game for New Zealand XI against the Indians on February 2 and 3 in Whangarei. "Martin was discussed along with Tom Latham who is also pressing his claims at the top of the order. We are showing some faith in both Hamish and Peter," Hesson said. "I think we all know what Peter did last time he was at Eden Park (scored against England). Hamish showed some really good qualities in Hamilton to get us through that last Test win (against West Indies). It is a hard side to make at the moment." Hesson brushed aside Fulton's dip in form and said it was not unusual for an opening batsman. Fulton made a comeback to the Test squad in March 2013 and scored 347 runs in the three Tests at home against England, including a hundred in each innings in the third Test at Eden Park. Since that series, however, the opening batsman has made just 273 runs in seven Tests at an average of 22.75 with three fifties. "He played really nicely in Dunedin [against West Indies] for us," Hesson said. "He had two Tests after that where he did not score. That is the lot of an opening batsman. Occasionally he can miss out but he has also played some very valuable innings for us." Hesson said the settled batting order did not allow for Ryder's selection but the batsman could play if Taylor was unavailable. "[Ryder] is playing really nicely," Hesson said. "[Batsmen at] Three, four, five had a good last series so there is no spot for him there. But if Ross is unavailable for one of the Tests, then I know Jesse would do a very good job." The New Zealand coach also backed young legspinner Ish Sodhi and said the pitches for the Tests would have to be "very, very green" for the team management to think of fielding an allpace attack. New Zealand squad for the Tests against India: brendon Mccullum (c), corey anderson, Trent boult, doug bracewell, Peter Fulton, hamish rutherford, Jesse ryder, Ish Sodhi, Tim Southee, ross Taylor, Neil Wagner, bJ Watling, Kane Williamson


ADVERTISEMENT Monday, 27 January, 2014

Published by Arif Nizami at Plot # 7, Al-Baber Centre, F/8 Markaz, Islamabad.

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E paper 27 01 2014 (isb)