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Wednesday, 26 March, 2014 Jamadi-ul-Awwal 24, 1435 Rs 17.00 Vol IV No 268 16 Pages Lahore Edition

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02 NEWS

Wednesday, 26 March, 2014

Bangladesh moves to outlaw Jamaat-e-Islami Govt’s chief war crimes investiGator says they want total dissolution of radical islamist party DHAKA AGENCIES

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AnGlAdeSh war crimes investigators moved Tuesday to outlaw the country's largest Islamic party, accusing it of genocide and other atrocities during the 1971 bloody struggle for independence. Government investigators handed a report detailing war crimes allegations against Jamaat-i-Islami to prosecutors, in the latest move against the party which has banned from contesting January elections. “We want total dissolution of the party,” the government's chief war crimes investigator Abdul hannan Khan told reporters. “Jamaat and its wings took the decision to act as auxillary forces of the Pakistani army in committing atrocities in the 1971 war. So the party cannot avoid its superior responsibilities,” hannan said.

hannan said prosecutors from the country's controversial war crimes tribunal would now proceed with charges against the party which would lead to a trial in the same tribunal. “The whole nation has been waiting for this trial. It is the first time after the nuremberg and Tokyo trials that a party is to be prosecuted for war crimes,” hannan said, comparing Jamaat to the nazi party. The tribunal, set up by the secular government in 2010, has already convicted more than a dozen of Jamaat's leaders over crimes allegedly committed during Bangladesh's war against Pakistan for independence. A senior Jamaat leader was executed in december after his conviction, sparking a fresh wave of deadly protests by Islamist supporters. Protesters have repeatedly clashed with police over the tribunal, which Islamists claim is aimed at eradicating its leaders, leaving more than 200 people dead since last January when the verdicts were first handed down. Jamaat, a leading opposition party, was banned from contesting general elections held in January this year which were boycotted by other opposition parties and

BANGLADESHIS BANNED FROM FLYING PAKISTANI FLAGS DHAKA: Bangladesh, hosts of cricket’s World Twenty20, threatened to ban local supporters Tuesday from stadiums if they are seen carrying the flags of any of the other teams competing in the tournament. The order came after an outcry over images of locals waving Pakistani flags during the recently concluded Asia Cup, also held in Bangladesh. A Bangladesh Cricket Board (BCB) spokesperson said the board had issued a directive after it “noticed that some local fans were flying foreign flags flouting the country’s flag rules”. “We’ve received instruction in this regard,” the spokesperson said, without clarifying. “As such we’ve ordered security officials and guards to make sure Bangladesh fans cannot carry or fly flags of foreign nations in the stadiums.” The BCB order came on the eve of Bangladesh’s 44th Independence Day celebrations, marking the day when the nation went to war against Pakistan. AGENCIES

marred by bloodshed. The country's top court ruled last August that Jamaat be banned because its charter followed Islamic law that conflicted with the nation's official secular constitution, although the party was allowed to hold rallies. There was no immediate comment from Jamaat but the party has earlier accused the country's government of organ-

ising show trials in an effort to destroy it. Prime Minister Sheikh hasina's government says three million people died in the war, many at the hands of pro-Pakistan militias led by Jamaat leaders who opposed secession from Pakistan on religious grounds. Independent researchers put the death toll between 300,000 and 500,000 people.

Sc reTurnS MuSharraf’S appeal ISLAMABAD ONlINE

The Supreme Court on Tuesday returned an appeal filed by former president Pervez Musharraf against the Special Court’s decision of rejecting his petition for conducting his trial under Army Act. The Supreme Court Office raised the objection that the Special Court decision cannot be challenged in the SC till the latter announces its final decision, therefore the petition is not maintainable. Pervez Musharraf had filed an appeal in the apex court against the decision of the SC a day before taking the plea that he had slapped emergency as the army chief therefore, he can only be tried under the Army Act.

Killer of wife, daughTerS burnS Self in locKup SARGODHA APP

Taliban hiT Kabul elecTion office, Kill 4 KABUL AGENCIES

The Taliban launched a brazen assault in the Afghan capital on Tuesday, with two suicide bombers detonating their explosives outside an election office on the edge of Kabul while other gunmen stormed into the building, trapping dozens of employees inside. A candidate for a seat on a provincial council was killed, along with an election worker and two policemen, said interior ministry spokesman Sediq Sediqqi. All five insurgents involved in the attack, which triggered a standoff that lasted more than four hours, were also killed, he said. The assault was the latest in the insurgents' violent campaign against the country's April 5 elections, when Afghans are to choose their next president and local council members. The Taliban have vowed to disrupt the polls. Fierce gunfire reverberated across the neighbourhood of Karte Char throughout the afternoon as heavily armed troops from the Afghan rapid response force surrounded the election office building, located near the home of presidential candidate Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai.

Nawaz says meeting with Merkel ‘productive’ THE HAGUE APP Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and German Chancellor Angela Merkel met on Tuesday and discussed the matters of mutual interest including bilateral trade. PM Sharif termed the meeting “productive” that took place on the sidelines of the ‘Nuclear Security Summit’ at The Hague. In an interaction with media persons following the meeting, the PM thanked the German chancellor for her country’s support for Pakistan to get GSP Plus status. He added that the meeting also included a discussion of Pakistan’s relations with India and Afghanistan. Merkel appreciated Pakistan’s efforts and contribution for ensuring peace in the region.

An accused of triple murder case attempted self-immolation in Kot Momin police station lock-up. A handout issued on Tuesday said Qamar Abbas, resident of lillani Kotmomin, had allegedly axed to death his wife nighat Bibi and two daughters Maria and Iqra over domestic issues on March 19. The police arrested the accused and kept him in lockup where he set himself on fire on Monday night. The accused was shifted to dhQ hospital in a critical condition, where the doctors said the accused received 60 percent burn injuries on his body. Kot Momin dPO Raja Basharat Mehmood visited the police station and suspended three policemen including ShO Shabraiz Gujjar over negligence.

faKe pir geTS Minor girl Killed MIANWALI INP

THE HAGUE: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif shakes hands with German Chancellor Angela Merkel before their meeting on the sidelines of the Nuclear Security Summit. INP

A man killed a four-year-old girl relative and dumped her body as per the directions of a fake pir (spiritual healer). The incident took place in esakhel tehsil of Mianwali district in Punjab. Talking to a private TV channel on Tuesday, accused Fida hussain said he committed the heinous crime because his pir had assured him that he would have offspring if he gets a Taveez written with the blood of a child. he admitted that he dumped the body after killing the child with a knife. Police have arrested the accused and the fake pir, and lodged an FIR against them.

AIR POLLUTION KILLS MILLIONS ANNUALLY, SAYS WHO NEW DESK A new report released on Tuesday by the World Health Organisation (WHO) found that air pollution is responsible for one in eight of all global deaths – double the previous estimate. The seven million deaths annually were from a combination of indoor and outdoor air pollution. In its research, the health organisation found strong links between indoor and outdoor air pollution and cardiovascular diseases – like strokes

and ischaemic heart disease. These two were responsible for more than half of the deaths. There was also a strong link between exposure and cancer. The worst-hit areas were in south-east Asia, but in total 3.3-million people died from indoor air pollution while 2.6-million died from outdoor air pollution. The indoor deaths were due to people cooking over coal, wood and biomass stoves. Around half of the world's population – 2.9-billion people – use these as their primary means of

energy and cooking. Outdoor pollution comes from sources such as industry, with excessive air pollution resulting from "unsustainable policies" by governments. The policies meant transport, energy production, waste management and industry were leading to deaths, the report said. "Healthier strategies will be more economical in the long term due to healthcare cost savings as well as climate gains." "The risks from air pollution are now far greater than previously thought or

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understood, particularly for heart diseases and strokes," said Dr Maria Neira, the organisation's director of public health, environmental and social determinants to health. "Fewer risks have a greater impact on global health today than air pollution. The evidence signals the need for concerted action to clean the air we all breathe." CArCINoGENIC: Last year the health organisation classified air pollution as a carcinogenic. This was because there was "sufficient evidence" that outdoor air

pollution caused cancer, with a particular problem in rapidly industrialising countries. Dr Flavia Bustreo, the organisation's assistant director general of family, women and children's health, said: "Cleaning up the air we breathe prevents non-communicable diseases as well as reduces disease risks among women and vulnerable groups, including children and the elderly." Poor women and children in particular have paid a heavy price because they spend so much time in the home.


Wednesday, 26 March, 2014

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ARMY TO TRY ITS MEN FOR ENFORCED DISAPPEARANCE army assures sc of trial of its officers under army act in balochistan missinG persons’ case ISLAMABAD ONlINE

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he federal government and counsel for Frontier Corps (FC) have told Supreme Court (SC) that a requisition has been sent to the army for trial of two army officers; Maj Saif and Maj Moin, allegedly involved in enforced disappearance while the army has also assured the initiation of proceedings against the officers. during the hearing of Balochis-

sc seeks dna reports of dead bodies recovered from mass Graves in khuzdar in 24 hours

tan violence case by a three-member SC bench headed by Justice nasirul Mulk Tuesday, the counsels told the court that trial of these two army officers will be started soon. The court has sought dnA test reports within 24 hours from the Balochistan government in respect of dead bodies recovered from mass graves in Khuzdar and other areas of Balochistan. Justice Amir hani Muslim remarked, “The chief secretary has become so strong that he did not bother to attend the

meetings with other authorities despite court’s orders. Government of Balochistan should tell the court in clear terms if it has no interest in the cases of missing persons. Balochistan is burning and government is sitting unmoved. Appropriate steps will have to be taken to save the future of Balochistan.” Justice nasirul Mulk remarked, “Government of Balochistan is making somewhat futile efforts for recovery of missing persons. enforced disappearance of any one cannot be allowed. law and

Constitution make the state responsible for protecting life and property of people. Will people come from outside to take care of the citizens if government does not care for them?” Balochistan Advocate General (AG) nizam ud din, deputy Attorney General (dAG) Attique Shah, nasrullah Baloch, chief of organisation on recovery of missing persons, and other authorities appeared in the court. Counsel for FC dG, Irfan Qadir told the court he had met the authorities but

PEACE TALKS TODAY AFTER YESTERDAY’S RAIN DELAY prof ibrahim says efforts beinG made for permanent ceasefire with Govt PESHAWAR SAJJAD AlI

The first face-to-face meeting between the government committee and the Tehreek-eTaliban Pakistan (TTP) Shura will likely be held today (Wednesday)somewhere in north Waziristan if the weather conditions allow. The Tuesday meeting was postponed due to bad weather conditions. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Jamaat-eIslami (JI) chief and intermediary of Taliban

talks committee Professor Mohammad Ibrahim confirmed that talks between the two sides were postponed for Wednesday as it was not possible travelling in bad weather. About the talks’ venue, he said that it was not clear however it could be in town of Mir Ali in north Waziristan in Orakzai Agency or Bannu. The professor said that declaration of ceasefire from TTP was a major breakthrough for the political process and the TTP intermediaries were making efforts to convert the month-long ceasefire

into permanent peace agreement. If negotiations take a long time, then the first step would be to extend ceasefire, he said. Ibrahim said further that the negotiation on prisoners between the government and the Taliban would be very beneficial for peace talks. “We had handed over noncombatant prisoners’ list to Interior Minister Chaudhry nisar, but he is yet to respond”, Ibrahim said. “They have also put up the issue of prisoners in the militants’ custody including former prime minister Yousaf Raza Gilani’s son Syed Ali haider Gilani, slain Punjab governor Salmaan Taseer’s son Shahbaz Taseer and Islamia College University (ICU) Vice Chancellor Ajmal Khan, but they are waiting for the meeting,” he

Marvi takes on Shirani over child marriage laws pml-n members propose harsher punishment for those involved in child marriaGes

shirani says cii had already Given its advice on the issue therefore it should not have been raised in na

ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT Marvi Memon and some other members of the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) on Tuesday proposed harsher punishments for those found guilty of involvement in child marriages. The Council of Islamic Ideology (CII) had recently ruled that laws on child marriage were un-Islamic, but members from the ruling PML-N took an opposing stance on the floor of the National Assembly on Tuesday by proposing that punishment for those who contract and solemnize the marriage should be harsher. The CII in its 191th meeting on March 10 had given the ruling that laws related to minimum age of marriage were un-Islamic and that children of any age could get married if they attain puberty. The move in the National Assembly earned the ire of other members, most prominently Maulana Muhammad Khan Shirani, the chairman of the CII. “The CII had already given its recommendations over the Act and it should have not come in the National Assembly,” said Shirani after

Marvi Memon of PML-N introduced a bill seeking amendments in the Act. Movers of the bill also include Asiya Naz Tanoli, Muhammad Pervaiz Malik and Shaista Pervaiz. Shirani opposed the proposed amendments saying that they were contrary to Islamic teachings and laws. In order to substantiate

added. The much-anticipated direct talks would be attended by all four members of the government’s reconfigured negotiating committee, TTP intermediaries and members of the TTP Shura. Another member of TTP’s committee, Yousaf Shah, said that the situation in Pakistan was still perilous and that ‘hidden hands’ were taking advantage of it. dialogue is the only solution to conflict and the peace process will hopefully lead to restoration of peace in the country, he concluded. On March 24, the government had finalised its strategy at a meeting attended by the government negotiators, Interior Minister Chaudhry nisar Ali Khan and Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) director General lt Gen Zaheerul Islam.

his arguments, he quoted Article 2, 7 and 227 of the Constitution, several verses from Quran and Hadith and said that according to Islamic laws marriage can be solemnised when a girl attains puberty. “Parliament could not legislate laws which are against the teachings of Quran and Sunnah,” he added. Another JUI-F member, Maulana Ameer Zaman said that the issue should be referred to the CII further perusal and discussion. Commenting over the issue, Minister for Religious Affairs Sardar Yousaf said that the bill be referred to the relevant standing committee for further deliberations as it was proposed by the Speaker NA. However, SA Iqbal Qadri from the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) had a different take as he also opposed the idea of introducing the bill in lower house but on a different ground. “After the passage of 18th Constitutional Amendment the subject [marriage] has become a provincial subject and the bill should not have come here,” he added. ProPoSED AMENDMENTS: The bill had sought amendments in the Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929 proposing six amendments in the existing laws. The bill has proposed strict punishment through amendment which says “Whoever, being a male above eighteen years of age, contracts child marriage shall be punishable with rigorous imprisonment which may extend to two years, or with fine which may extend to one hundred thousand rupees, or with both.” Before the amendment, the Act said that the punishment should be “simple”, may extend to “one month” and fine may extend to one thousands rupees. Similarly, the punishment for solemnizing the child marriage has been suggested to be “rigorous” instead of “simple”, for “two years” instead of existing “one month” and the fine should be “one hundred thousand” instead of one thousand.

he could not meet chief secretary and he had talked to latter by telephone only. he told the court that two cases would be tried under the Army Act. The role of provincial government stands no more in these cases, he added. The Balochistan AG told the court that no headway has been made in missing persons’ case. The court was informed that the tribunal working on mass graves’ case had sought additional 2-month time. nasrullah Baloch told the court that dnA test does not take as much time as it was being spent on it. “I have talked to surgeon who says dnA test takes 10 to 15 days.” The hearing of the case was adjourned till Wednesday.

power deal Sealed wiTh india, SayS MiniSTer LAHORE STAFF REPORT

Federal Minister for Commerce and Textile Khurram dastagir announced on Tuesday that an agreement had been reached with India to purchase electricity. Speaking to reporters, dastagir said trade talks with India had been put on hold and would resume following elections in India. According to dastagir, several issues with India could be resolved by opening trade between the two countries. he added that trade routes would not be closed even if there was an altercation at the border. Meanwhile during a visit to the lahore office of the Trade development Authority of Pakistan, dastagir called for evolving a comprehensive strategy to resolve trade disputes and remove hurdles to enhance the country's exports. new international markets should be explored to double the exports as per the directives of Prime Minister nawaz Sharif,” he said. The minister said changes were occurring in the global trade system and new alliances among countries were being made to enhance trade with each other. The TdAP officers should try to cash in on such opportunities for the country, he added.

power Tariff goeS up by rS2.24 per uniT ISLAMABAD ONlINE

The electricity tariff has been increased by Rs 2.24 per unit, according to a notification issued by the national electric Power Regulatory Authority (nePRA). The Central Power Purchasing Agency (CPPA) had pleaded that the power companies should be allowed a tariff increase of Rs2.19 per unit as the fuel cost for power generation jumped to Rs11.77 per unit against reference price of Rs9.58 for January. nePRA, however, allowed the power distribution companies to increase the electricity tariff by Rs2.24 per unit, on account of fuel price adjustment for January. The tariff will affect the consumer bills of March but consumers of K-electric (formerly called Karachi electric Supply Company, KeSC) and lifeline consumers using up to 50 units per month will not be affected.

KP ‘thrilled’ over its forthcoming governor LAHORE NADEEM SYED

The nomination of a new governor in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) must have come as a surprise for Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf Chairman Imran Khan who might have been expecting from the federal government to consult the appointment of KP’s governor with him. The relationship between PTI and Pakistan Muslim league – nawaz (PTI) had developed some ‘sweetness’ after premier’s recent visit to skipper’s house for consultation on Taliban talks. however, the friendship between the two parties seems short-lived as the possible appointment of PMl-n’s senior leader

Sardar Mehtab Khan Abbasi is on cards. The federal government has reportedly decided to appoint Abbasi in place of incumbent engineer Shaukat Ullah who was the PPP government’s nominee. Sources in PMl-n told Pakistan Today that a notification of the new governor is yet to be issued, however they feel that lady luck is smiling on Abbasi and he will be taking oath by next week after the return of prime minister. Abbasi has long been a contender for the gubernatorial office along with PMl-n’s Zafar Iqbal Jhagra being most prominent of them. A couple of months ago the party leadership had finalised the name of Abbasi and the stage was fully ready for his ascendancy

as the KP governor, however the lastminute change of plan queered his pitch. But that was then. As for now, Abbasi is quite confident of making it through at last. KHAN CALLING IT A FOUL: however, this time a different player is crying foul against Abbasi’s appointment; PTI Chairman Imran Khan, reliable sources told this scribe. Reportedly, Khan has already expressed his reservations over the choice of the new nomination by the federal government. he believed that federal government should have taken him into confidence before going ahead with the change. The development turns out to have an element of surprise in it for Khan who

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would have expected everything to be ‘nice and friendly’ with the federal government after he ended up endorsing PMl-n’s antiterror approach after a chat with Prime Minister nawaz Sharif at Khan’s house. Interestingly, nawaz never indicated his plan to make changes in KP. hence, the jolt was felt everywhere in KP especially after the news of a possible appointment of a powerful political figure on an important post in KP. PTI OBJECTS: Sources told Pakistan Today that PTI’s main objection to Abbasi’s appointment as governor was his political background as opposed to the outgoing governor Shaukat Ullah, who was a nonpolitical figure from FATA appointed by

former president Zardari. According to sources, there is an impression in KP that Abbasi could create problems for the KP government “if need be”. Some PMl-n leaders say that PTI has expressed its reservations to PMl-n top hierarchy through Shah Mahmood Qureshi. however, Qureshi denied having conveyed any such reservation. Talking to Pakistan Today, he said it would been much better had the PMl-n government consulted before making such changes for the sake of maintaining a good equation between the federal and KP governments. he said such consultation could serve the two parties better in their pursuit of achieving peace.


04 NEWS

Wednesday, 26 March, 2014

Nuclear summit ends with calls for stepped up security obama says nuclear terrorism ‘most immediate and extreme threat to Global security THE HAGUE AGENCIES

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hIRTY-FIVe countries pledged Tuesday to step up nuclear security, backing a global drive spearheaded by US President Barack Obama to prevent dangerous materials falling into the hands of terrorists. Wrapping up the third biennial nuclear Security Summit (nSS), which gathered together 53 countries, Obama urged world leaders to work closer together to stop nuclear terrorism that he dubbed “the most immediate and extreme threat to global security”. “It is important for us not to relax but rather accelerate our efforts over the next two years, sustain momentum so that we finish strong in 2016”, said the US leader, when he will host a return meeting.

leaders aGree to push for reduced stockpiles of hiGhly enriched uranium “Given the catastrophic consequences of even a single attack, we cannot afford to be complacent,” he stressed. dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte, hosting the talks, said that “major steps” had been taken in terms of the three main goals of the summit: reducing the amount of dangerous nuclear material; improving the security around this material and bolstering international cooperation on the nuclear issue. And in a joint statement unveiled with much fanfare on the sidelines of the nSS, 35 of the 53 countries pledged to work closer together and submit to “peer reviews periodically” of their sensitive nuclear security regimes. The nations, including Israel, Kazakhstan, Morocco and Turkey but not Russia, vowed to “realise or exceed” the standards set out in a series of guidelines laid down by the International Atomic energy Agency (IAeA) to safe-

Bad weather halts search for crashed Malaysia jet PERTH AGENCIES

Wild weather halted the search Tuesday for wreckage from the Malaysia Airlines jet that crashed into the Indian Ocean, frustrating attempts to determine why it veered off course and bring closure to grieving relatives. The air and sea mission for Mh370 was suspended for the day due to gale force winds, driving rain and huge waves, said the Australian Maritime Safety Authority which is coordinating the multinational hunt far southwest of Perth. It was another body blow for relatives, whose hopes were extinguished Monday

when a sombre Malaysian Prime Minister najib Razak said new analysis of satellite data placed the flight's last position "far from any possible landing sites." "It is therefore with deep sadness and regret that I must inform you that, according to this new data, flight Mh370 ended in the southern Indian Ocean," najib said. The plane went missing on March 8 with 239 people aboard -- two thirds of them Chinese -- en route from Kuala lumpur to Beijing. news that the plane was lost with no survivors touched off deep despair among relatives in both cities who had endured an agonising 17-day wait.

guard nuclear materials. These are the “closest things we have to international standards for nuclear security”, US energy Secretary ernest Moniz told reporters as he presented the pledge. But experts cautioned that the deal lacked teeth without the agreement of other powers with large nuclear stockpiles. “The absence of Russia, Chain, Pakistan and India, all nuclear weapons states with large amounts of nuclear material, as well as others, weakens the initiative's impact,” said the Fissile Materials Working Group, a collection of more than 70 experts on the nuclear issue. 'ImPOrTANT ACCOmPLISHmENT': Miles Pomper, an expert at the Californiabased James Martin Center for nonproliferation Studies, said the statement was “the most important accomplishment of the summit”. But he added: “We need to get the rest of the summit members to sign up to it, especially Russia, and we need to find a way to make this into permanent international law.” According to the final statement, leaders will push to reduce stockpiles of highly enriched uranium, which can be used to make an atomic bomb, and convert it to safer lower enriched uranium. Obama said leaders should consider transforming the current summit for-

obama says russia threats 'out of weakness' THE HAGUE AGENCIES

Russia's attitude to its neighbours is a sign of weakness, US President Barack Obama said on Tuesday after the Kremlin took control of the Crimea region from Ukraine. "Russia is a regional power that is threatening some of its immediate neighbours, not out of strength but out of weakness," Obama told journalists after a nuclear security summit in The hague. Obama said that while the US also has influence over its neighbours, "We generally don't need to invade them in order to have a strong cooperative relationship with them."

THE HAGUE: World leaders pose for a group photograph at the Nuclear Security Summit 2014. INP

mat to a more permanent body run by ministers and officials in order to “synch up the nSS with existing institutions like the IAeA, interpol.” The summit was overshadowed by the crisis in Ukraine, with Obama gathering his G7 allies on Monday to effectively expel Russia from the top table by scrapping a G8 meeting planned in the Russian resort of Sochi in June.

Un Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has warned that the West's failure to defend Ukraine from Russian aggression should not be seen as an invitation to other states to acquire nuclear weapons. Ukraine gave up its huge Soviet-era nuclear arsenal in exchange for guarantees from the West and Russia that its sovereignty would be safeguarded.

Saudi arabia meddling in others’ SayS world haS 'beTrayed' conflicts unacceptable: shah Syria rebelS ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

leader of the Opposition in the national Assembly Syed Khursheed Shah emphasised that interference in the conflicts of other countries was unacceptable for Pakistan. In an apparent reference to the Syrian conflict, Shah said that it was more acceptable to send humanitarian aid to countries ravaged by war. The opposition leader was speaking at a joint session of the three opposition parties in the parliament, the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP), Awami national Party

(AnP) and Pakistan Muslim league – Quaid (PMl-Q).. The ongoing talks between the government and the TTP, the March 4 attack on the Islamabad district courts and several other issues pertaining to the country’s political and security situations were discussed at the joint session The opposition parties also discussed their joint strategy within the national Assembly. They expressed their concern over the $1.5 billion aid given to Pakistan by Saudi Arabia. Talking about reports that retired army officers

were being sent to Syria directly or indirectly, the parliamentarians of the three parties vowed to strongly oppose such a move if the government decided to send troops to Syria. Shah also said that if Prime Minister nawaz Sharif could not attend a session at the Senate, then he must call a combined session of the two houses of the parliament. Other issues discussed in the meeting were the ups and downs of the US dollar and the inflation that continues to increase despite the promises made by the government.

PAKISTAN OFFERS HELP TO STRENGTHEN NUCLEAR SAFETY nawaz says constant viGilance, preparedness must for nuclear security, dispels impression that nss process is imposinG new mandates on iaea THE HAGUE AGENCIES “Let me clarify that there is no such thing as ‘nuclear security fatigue’. Nuclear security is a continuous national responsibility,” Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said in his opening remarks at the Informal Plenary on the future of the Nuclear Security Summit. The premier on Tuesday termed international cooperation and constant

vigilance and preparedness at national level necessary for strengthening nuclear security. Nawaz suggested that in the years to come, the states should maintain the political will and high-level focus to advance the agenda of nuclear security. “In future, while implementing our decisions, we have to strike a balance between confidentiality and openness and steer away from both alarmism and complacency. Nuclear security

must not fade off the leaders’ radar screens,” he maintained. The prime minister expressed pleasure that US President Barack Obama would be hosting the next Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) in 2016. “It is only fitting that this process, which was launched in the United States, is also concluded there. We know we cannot hold the summits in perpetuity,” he added. He said in the past four years, three summits had

made progress and their next summit would cover fresh ground. “We have to look beyond the present process and the 2016.” Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif also stressed the need to broaden participation in this process for widening its ownership to enhance its legitimacy. It makes perfect sense that beyond 2016, the entire membership of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) owns and upholds the decisions taken by the nuclear security summits, he opined. “In close consultation with the IAEA membership, we should dispel the impression that the NSS process is

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imposing new mandates on the agency.” He said, “As we go forward, we will have to avoid unnecessary duplication of effort. We are not creating parallel mechanisms or a new treaty regime.” He said in post-2016, the focus should be on synergy and coordination among various components of the nuclear security architecture – which comprises the IAEA, the UN 1540 Committee, conventions on physical protection of nuclear material and the suppression of acts of nuclear terrorism and relevant international forums.

KUWAIT CITY AGENCIES

Saudi Arabia’s crown prince said on Tuesday the international community has “betrayed” Syrian rebels by failing to arm them against the regime of President Bashar al-Assad. “The legitimate Syrian resistance has been betrayed by the international community and left easy prey to tyrant forces,” Crown Prince Salman bin Abdulaziz told the Arab summit in Kuwait City. he was referring to unkept promises by several nations to arm fighters battling to topple the Assad government, which is backed by Russia and Iran. Saudi Arabia is one of the main backers of the rebellion against Assad that erupted three years ago and has become a full-fledged civil war after loyalists launched a crackdown against protesters seeking democratic reforms. “Syria has become a (battle) field open to killings and destruction carried out by an iniquitous regime with the participation of foreigners and armed terrorists who come from everywhere,” said the crown prince. he also called on the Arab league to speed up the handover of Syria’s seat in the 22-member organisation to the opposition national Coalition, in order to give it formal status that could cement its recognition by world powers. “This must be sorted out… in order to send a strong message to the international community so that it will change its attitude towards Syria,” said the crown prince about the seat. The seat — vacated after the Arab league suspended Syria’s membership over the conflict — was promised to the opposition at last summit in doha. Arab league chief nabil alArabi said the opposition must meet certain legal requirements before taking over the seat. As a result national Coalition chief Ahmed Jarba addressed the summit in Kuwait City Monday but was not allowed to speak from the spot reserved for Syria.


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Wednesday, 26 March, 2014

aid agencies seek $11.67m to help 1.3m calamity-hit Tharis ISLAMABAD

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HE United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), World Food Programme (WFP), World Health Organisation (WHO) and Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), and their partners, HANDS, Merlin and Muslim Hands, are seeking $11.67 million to scale up nutrition and other support to over 1.3 million people for a year in Tharparkar and surrounding districts. The United Nations (UN) says that more funds are urgently required to scale up support for nutrition interventions, including sustainable development solutions, to tackle the nutrition crisis in the drought-affected Tharparkar region. The UN and its partners have been providing nutritional support in Sindh since 2010, assisting 1.7 million children and 800,000 pregnant and lactating women through malnutrition management, nutrient supplementation, and health and nutrition counselling. The UN’s scaling up plan would help establish 44 community-based malnutrition treatment sites, provide emergency health services, build and rehabilitate water harvesting struc-

UN’s scaling up plan would help establish 44 community-based malnutrition treatment sites, provide emergency health services, build and rehabilitate water harvesting structures, establish health and nutrition surveillance systems and provide livelihood support, concentrated animal feed and vaccination of small ruminants

tures, establish health and nutrition surveillance systems and provide livelihood support, concentrated animal feed and vaccination of small ruminants. Those intervention would complement the support so far provided by government authorities from all over Pakistan

Tribunal disqualifies Mna, orders re-elecTion on na-46 PESHAWAR: An election tribunal on Tuesday declared null and void the election of MNA Nasir Khan Afridi on the NA-46 seat (Tribal Area IX) of the National Assembly, and ordered a re-election in the constituency. The tribunal’s decision was in response to a petition filed by Senator Hamidullah Jan Afridi and another candidate who had contended for the seat, Iqbal Afridi, from Pakistan the Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI). The petitioners had alleged rigging in NA-46 and had claimed that Nasir Khan's success was engineered. Riaz Ahmed Khattak, deputy registrar of the tribunal, said that the tribunal had requested the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) to make arrangements for a re-election in the constituency. The NA-46 constituency is situated in the Khyber tribal region in Pakistan’s Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). Last year during the general elections, the voting process in the region had not gone down smoothly on account of several incidents of violence, including ransacking of polling stations. As a result, re-polling was held on 21 polling stations for the seat on June 5, 2013 and Nasir Khan was declared winner. At the time, PTI candidate Iqbal Afridi had accused the local administration of playing the main role in ensuring Nasir Khan’s success “by polling fake votes”. Iqbal Afridi had also claimed that the election was fully engineered and nobody could call it free, fair and transparent. STAFF REPORT

that in the last six months distributed more than 15,000 tons of food items, including wheat, rice and food packs to families in need, and vaccinated 2.2 million livestock. “The 2011 National Nutrition Survey tells us that 44% of children under five in Pakistan are stunted, 32% underweight and 15% suffer from acute malnutrition. Considering the situation in Tharparkar as exclusive to drought conditions is not accurate,” said United Nations Resident Coordinator and Humanitarian Coordinator in Pakistan Timo Pakkala, while highlighting the main causes of the recent surge in morbidity and mortality rates of children and adults in Tharparkar and surrounding districts. Pakkala added that reports in early March 2014 highlighted a rising number of malnutrition-related, clinical admissions and child mortality in Tharparkar district. According to 2013 Nutrition Information System data summary, 21% of children are acutely malnourished , with areas adjacent to Tharparkar, mainly Umerkot and Sanghar, facing a similar situation. Pakkala called the nutrition crisis in Pakistan a silent emergency requiring urgent attention and investment, and added that the situation is bound to recur,

HYDERABAD: A malnourished Thari child and his mother sit on a hospital bed laden with relief items. INP

unless root causes are addressed. “Resilience is what we are after here. Crisis and disasters are naturally unpredictable. Creating resilient communities is what bridges relief and development efforts. I encourage the Sindh government to consider funding the scaling up of nutrition programmes in Tharparkar

NA adopts resolution to reduce indirect taxes RESOLUTION ALSO CALLS FOR IMPOSING DIRECT TAXES, WIDENING TAX NET ISLAMABAD APP

The National Assembly (NA) on Tuesday unanimously adopted a resolution to reduce the indirect taxes burden on the masses, impose direct taxes and widen the tax net by bringing into it the evaders. Members from across the aisle supported the resolution of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf’s (PTI) Asad Umar for imposition of direct taxes to mitigate their load on the poor masses and reforming the system to stop leakage. Moving the resolution in the House, Asad Umar said, "It is the responsibility of the government to end exploitation of the poor as it has been enshrined in the Constitution of which we have taken an oath”. He said according to the Federal Bureau of Revenue data, there were three million tax evaders in the country

and there was a need for introducing reforms in the upcoming budget to end exploitation. "Article 3 of the Constitution explains to end exploitation from the society. Therefore, the government should move forward with an agenda of direct taxation," he added. Speaking on the resolution, Qaiser Ahmed Sheikh underlined the need for promoting tax culture in the country and widen the tax-net. At present the tax collection ratio was worrisome and the tax system directly affected the poor. Syed Asif Hasnain said tax evasion had become "our culture". The affluent people looked for new methods to evade taxes. "Why cannot we introduce a proper taxation system, when we have a clear guidance in the Islamic injunctions?" he asked. He proposed to nab just 10 tax evaders and see that on the next day 10,000 others would be standing in queues to pay taxes. “This is the fault of system, that makes people evade taxes and we have great hopes from the present government to overhaul the taxation system”. PTI’s Javed Hashmi said Pakistan had become a tax free zone and there

was nobody to nab the tax evaders. "Let us start it from the Parliament. The elected members should judiciously pay their taxes and set an example”. He urged to collect taxes from the rich and spend on the poor to ameliorate their lot and end their miseries. “Today we have billionaires in the country, but tax payment ratio is very low. People often remain busy in seeking ways to avoid tax payment”. Shazia Marri said the government should avoid indirect taxes in upcoming budget as those directly affected the poor. She pleaded to document the economy and bring every eligible person into the tax net to minimize dearness burden on the poor Pakistanis. Also, PTI’s Shah Mahmood Qureshi stressed to address corrupt taxation system as the targets set by the FBR were not usually met. "This is a reason behind this menace. We know the disease and also know the remedy, then why cannot we address the problem?" he asked. He also mentioned that the problem was lack of political will. Over the years, the governments could not exhibit the political will and the gap kept expanding forcing the country to opt for IMF programmes.

$7 BILLION US MILITARY AID TO PAKISTAN ANGERS AFGHANISTAN AFGHAN NEWSPAPER SAYS ‘OTHERS BENEFITTING FROM AFGHANISTAN’S SACRIFICE’ WASHINGTON AGENCIES A report in the Washington Post claiming that US military authorities have been in discussions with their Pakistani counterparts to hand over approximately $7 billion worth of military hardware to Afghanistan's neighbour has stunned and enraged much of the Afghan media, reigniting old Durand Line wounds. Despite Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) and NATO troops fighting insurgencies in Afghanistan side-by-side in the last decade, a source in the report claims Pakistan is close to securing nearly 1,600 mine-resistant ambush-

and other districts from its development budget,” Pakkala said. A combination of famine and malnutrition along with other diseases in Thraparkar have claimed the lives of nearly 180 children and infants in the area. The federal government has already allocated Rs1 billion for aid.

protected (MRAP) vehicles and other modern military hardware which Afghan forces were hoping to receive. “No final decision has been made on the handover of the equipment and it is still being discussed," said Sedid Sediqi, spokesman for the Afghan Ministry of Interior Affairs. "We hope that this decision will not be made and the equipment is not handed over to Pakistan". Sediqi said that Afghan forces have become accustomed to handling and using MRAP vehicles. "We really need them. We desperately need modern equipment," added Sediqi. "Afghanistan Betrayed" Afghanistan Times ran with the headline: 'Afghanistan Betrayed', asking why such valuable military equipment should go to Afghanistan's neighbour and not Afghan forces themselves. "The US has deliberately preferred Pakistan over Afghanistan. The latter has been fighting

terrorism sincerely and bleeding profusely, but the US largesse has always showered on Pakistan," wrote Afghanistan Times on the morning of March 24. In its lead editorial on March 18, Hasht-e Subh - Afghanistan's mostcirculated daily - said others were benefitting from Afghanistan's sacrifice. “The people of Afghanistan, Afghan National Security Forces and the government of Afghanistan all want this equipment handed over to Afghan forces. According to the Declaration of the NATO Summit in Lisbon (ED: November 2010), NATO member states committed themselves to equipping Afghan Security Forces. But now that they are withdrawing from Afghanistan, they are going to hand over their equipment to Pakistan. We should not forget the war is devastating Afghanistan and Pakistan has one of the mightiest militaries in the region. Afghanistan's National Army needs mine-resistant ambush-protected

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(MRAP) vehicles far more than the Pakistan army does.” "According to the Declaration of the NATO Summit in Lisbon, NATO member states committed themselves to equipping Afghan National Security Forces." Jawed Kohistani, a military analyst told Afghanistan Today that Afghanistan is being punished for Hamid Karzai's refusal to sign the Bilateral Security Agreement (BSA) with the US. "Not signing the Bilateral Security Agreement and criticizing the policies of the United States of America in Afghanistan in the media, especially calling the US a competitor as opposed to a partner, while challenging their policies on combating terrorism, has deprived of us some opportunities we had," said Kohistani. Dowlat Waziri, a spokesman for the Afghan Ministry of Defence (MoD), strongly rejected claims NATO-trained Afghan forces cannot operate the

"To secure our sovereignty, we shall have to nab the corrupt. It is time to think whether we shall be able to stand on our feet and provide relief to the poor," he added. Sher Akbar Khan, Abdul Rasheed Godel, Maulana Ameer Zaman and Abdul Sattar Bachani called for a system of checks and balances and reforming the FBR. "If the FBR officials will be involved in corruption, tax collection cannot be improved." Winding up the discussion on the resolution, Parliamentary Secretary for Finance and Revenue Rana Muhammad Afzal Khan agreed with the members about reducing burden of indirect taxes and said during last 14 years, the tax collection ratio had declined to 8 percent from 13 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) in 1999. "This negligence of years has badly affected the tax regime and become a serious challenge for our government." He said to widen the tax net, the government had issued notices to 77,000 people, while 5,500 orders had been given to trace those, who had not appeared before the tax officers. "We are tracking them through their CNICs (Computerised National Identity Cards) and if anybody remains unfounded, we shall cancel his / her CNICs”. He said a Tax Advisory Council had been constituted with businessmen and industrialists as its members to improve the system. Expanding tax net by just one percent of GDP would bring in Rs 230 billion more. With increased tax collection, more money would be available for development. Therefore, the government was diligently moving forward to increase tax to GDP ratio.

equipment in question. "All Afghan security forces have been trained by US and NATO forces and they are fully capable of operating equipment currently used by Western troops in Afghanistan," said Waziri, urging the US military to hand over the equipment to the Afghan National Army (ANA). Fazel Sancharaki, a spokesman for presidential candidate Abdullah Abdullah, described the possibility of the weapons transfer to Afghanistan's volatile neighbour as a form of punishment. Old friend's revenge? "This decision by the USA is a kind of revenge towards President Karzai, but the people of Afghanistan will pay for it," said Sancharaki. "Should Afghan security forces not be equipped and funded well, Afghanistan will again turn into the centre of international terrorism. In that case, the international community will be hurt." Many observers in Afghanistan believe the Pakistan army directly or indirectly supports insurgent networks. "President Hamid Karzai’s refusal to sign the Bilateral Security Agreement has led to this decision by the United States of America," added Fahim Kohdamani, a spokesman for Islamist candidate Abdul Rab Rassoul Sayyaf. "Attacks by Afghan security forces on foreign troops may also have caused the US not to count Afghanistan as an ally," added Kohdamani.


06 LAHORE

WEATHER UPDATES WEDNESDAY

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LAHORE: Young doctors hold a protest demonstration in support of their demands. ONLINE

NA-122 RECORD INSPECTION LHC summons govt's reply on April 16 LAHORE: Lahore High Court (LHC) on Tuesday summoned reply from the federal government to allow Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf (PTI) chief Imran Khan for inspection of the election record at NA-122 constituency. LHC Chief Justice Umar Ata Bandial was hearing a petition moved by National Assembly Speaker Ayaz challenging an ECP order on June 18 allowing the public inspection of the election record at NA-122, where Sadiq defeated PTI Chairman Imran Khan in the general elections. During case proceedings, Ayaz Sadiq told court that the Election Commission cannot allow the returning officer to inspect the election record. Ahmed Awais, the counsel for Imran Khan, stated that returning officer is working under the ECP. Chief Justice Umar Ata Bandial remarked that judiciary had ordered holding of the polls on Election Commission’s plea, thus, politicians should not drag judiciary in their disputes. Judiciary was blamed for all the mistakes committed by the presiding officers, he added. The judge said that the Election Commission’s system didn’t work well during the general elections but it is wrong to hold the judiciary responsible. He further said that now it is time for the ECP to play its administrative role. Meanwhile, the court summoned federation’s assistance over the rights of returning officeRs The case hearing has been adjourned till April 16. ONLINE

Shahbaz wantS a peaceful punjab

CM presides over meeting to review security situation of the province

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STAFF REPORT

AINTENANCE of law and order is the top priority of the government and all out measures are being taken for improving law and order in the province, said Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif while presiding over a high level meeting to review overall law and order situation in the province on Tuesday. Punjab Law Minister Rana Sanaullah Khan, chief secretary, inspector general of police, secretary home, secretary law, secretary prosecution and other officers concerned were present. The chief minister said that police should spare no effort for protecting life

and property of the citizens and redressing grievances of the aggrieved. He said that huge funds have been provided for improving the efficiency of the police and modern training has also been arranged for its capacity-building. He said that work is being carried out speedily on the project of setting up a modern command and control centre in Lahore. He said that the centre will help eliminate crimes through modern digital monitoring system. The chief minister further said that the Punjab government has increased the package for the police martyrs to Rs 50 million and the government will discharge its responsibility regarding look after of the families of the police martyrs in a proper manner. He said that free education and health facilities will be provided to the children of the police

martyrs and their families will also be provided houses. The chief minister said that law should come into action immediately to redress the grievances of the aggrieved. He said that the police will have to show better performance and utilise all its abilities and energies for improving law and order. He said that the officials showing negligence and dereliction of duty have no room in the police department. The chief minister further said that Amna Batool case of Muzaffargarh is a test case for the police as the innocent girl had been subjected to extreme cruelty. He said that the family of Amna Batool will be provided justice at any cost and the Punjab government will bear all expenses regarding the case. He said that all legal demands will be met for ensuring due punishment to the culprits.

MEERA IN HOT WATERS WITH CAPTAIN NAVEED LAHORE: A court issued arrest warrants for actress Meera and Captain Naveed as they failed to appear before the court during a hearing of the objectionable video case on Tuesday. Meera and Captain Naveed stand accused of filming a video clip that has “tarnished Pakistan’s image”. An additional district and sessions judge on March 18 had issued the Mozang SHO a show cause notice and directed Meera and Captain Naveed to appear in court on March 25. The court had previously sought comments from the Mozang SHO but he had neither submitted the comments nor sent another official to represent him. The judge had previously issued notices to the respondents but the process server said that their addresses were not correct. Petitioner Shabbir Muhammad had said that he had watched the clip on January 20. The petitioner had requested the court to direct the Mozang SHO to register a case against them, submit a challan in court and get their names put on the Exit Control List. The hearing of the case was adjourned till April 2. STAFF REPORT

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PROPERTY DISPUTE ENDS IN 4 DEAD LAHORE STAFF REPORT

Four people including a man and his three sons were killed and another injured in a property dispute in the Harbanspura Police precincts on Tuesday. The police sources said the brothers had a property dispute and the family had gathered at a house to resolve it. However, after exchange of hot words men opened fire at each other resulting in serious bullet injuries to five of them. The injured were rushed to Shalimar hospital but four of them passed away. The deceased were identified as Ali, Rafaqat, Akram and Umar.

WHERE ARE YOU TAKING ALL THIS CASH? Bid to smuggle foreign currency foiled at Lahore airport LAHORE INP

Custom authorities on Tuesday seized foreign currency worth Rs 20 million during checking of baggage of a passenger at Allama Iqbal International airport. According to custom sources, Qaisar Iqbal, a passenger of Dubai-bound private airlines flight was checked at Customs counter and a big amount of foreign currency was recovered from his luggage. The customs authorities arrested Qaisar and shifted him to Customs House for further investigation. Qaisar got clearance at ANF and ASF counters but was caught at third counter of Customs.

GOTCHA! Police arrest husband’s killer LAHORE INP

Police arrested a woman who killed her husband in on Tuesday. According to police, a person named Siddique was living in the jurisdiction of Factory Area Police Station along with his wife Rehana and three children. The woman murdered her husband with the help of her nephew named Shehzad and threw the body in a drain. Rehana said that Siddique used to beat her without reason. She made the plan after she was tired of the torture. The police are still carrying out raids for the arrest of Shehzad.


LAHORE 07

Wednesday, 26 March, 2014

FOR A BETTER PROVINCE Punjab govt approves 8 development schemes worth over Rs 16 billion LAHORE: The Punjab government on Tuesday approved 8 development schemes of different development Sectors with an estimated cost of Rs16,029.913 million. These schemes were approved in the 36th meeting of Provincial Development Working Party of current fiscal year 2013-14 presided over by the Punjab Planning and Development Board Chairman Muhammad Irfan Elahi, said Planning and Development spokesman. According to Planning and Development spokesman, the approved development schemes included: Upgrading of Mechanical System for Sewerage and Drainage Services in Gujranwala at the cost of Rs 1240.080 million, Construction of Bus Rapid Transit System along Ferozepur Road, Package-III: Qartaba Chowk to M.A.O College (Elevated Section-2.5 km) (Revised) at the cost of Rs 6244.924 million, Supply Chain Improvement of Selected Agriculture and Livestock Products at the cost of Rs 2414.235 million, Promotion of Pulses Cultivation in Punjab at the cost of Rs 148.790 million, Construction of Road Bridge Between District Mianwali and District Attock (Revised) at the cost of Rs 1784.648 million, Widening / Improvement of Shorkot Pattan Road Linking Garh Maharaja, length 8.30 km at the cost of Rs 210.637 million, Rehabilitation / Improvement / Widening of Dual Carriageway Between Khushab to Jauharabad Road (Art:2) km No. 214.60 To Km 222.25 length (7.65) km in District Khushab at the cost of Rs 670.931 million and Acquisition of Land for Establishment of Quaid-e-Azam Apparel Park (Previously Garment Industrial Zone) District Sheikhupura (Revised) at the cost of Rs 3315.668 million. INP

DONATE BLOOD, SAVE LIVES LAHORE: Pakistan faces an annual shortfall of six hundred thousand units of blood, it is about time all of us play a role to reduce this shortfall, said Life Saving Cause (LSC) President Affan Rashid Naz on Tuesday while addressing a meeting to review the preparation of the blood grouping camps to be setup at the University of the Punjab Quaid-e-Azam Campus on April 2, 2014. The camps were previously scheduled to be set-up on March 26 and 27 but due to unexpected holidays they were postponed for a month. The location of the eights camps are outside Faisal Auditorium, Administration Block, near Institute of Business Administration, near Transport Department, near Law College, near Centre of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Sheikh Zaid Islamic Centre and Undergraduate Bloack. STAFF REPORT

LAHORE: Advisor to the prime minister Irfan Siddiqui called on Pakistan Today Editor Arif Nizami at the latter’s office on Tuesday. STAFF PhOTO

Wattoo doesn’t like the way interior minister speaks PPP Punjab president slams Chaudhry Nisar’s assertion in NA against PPP leadership LAHORE

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FAISALABAD: Participants of FESCO energy conservation walk through New Campus to Old Campus. PR

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AKISTAN People’s Party is the party of leaders of exceptional courage and determination who rendered countless services for the cause of democracy and down trodden in the face of the worst dictatorship, said PPP Punjab President Manzoor Wattoo in a statement issued on Tuesday. He criticised Chaudhry Nisar’s indecent and unparliamentarily language at the floor of the National Assembly on Monday yesterday against the PPP party leaders, adding that political legacy of the PPP leaders was the invaluable asset for being source of inspiration to Pakistanis. He maintained that the democratic edifice of the country today owed much to the leaders of the PPP who nurtured it with their blood and did not care for the political victimisation, torture, jails and exiles they were subjected to during the traumatic days of dictatorships. He said that the dictators tried their utmost in the past to eliminate the PPP but in the process they were thrown in the dustbin of the history but the party not only survived but also came to power through the elections. He said that Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan and his leadership should be thankful to Shaheed Benazir Bhutto who agreed to Nawaz Sharif’s proposal to bring an amendment in the constitution to become

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the prime minister for a third time. He is the prime minister of Pakistan today due to the amendment that the PPP brought in the constitution by honouring the commitment of its leader who became the victim of terrorism. He said that the PML (N) leadership should be beholden to Asif Ali Zardari also who accepted the results of May 2013 elections just for the sake of the continuity of the political process in the country. Manzoor Wattoo maintained that if the PPP leaders had joined the other political forces that were raising their voice vociferously against the May 2013 elections, the political landscape of the country would have been different and Nawaz Sharif’s becoming the prime minister for the third time would have been ended in forlorn hope. He suggested that the PML-N leadership should realise their responsibilities towards democracy and focus on strengthening it by building bridges among the political forces and at the same time desist from burning the same. He said that the people of Pakistan got back their rights after an assiduous and painful struggle against dictatorship and it was incumbent on all of us to save it from the fissures because a divided house cannot withstand pulls and pushes.

SIDDIQUI HAS SOMETHING TO TELL PUNJAB GOVERNOR LAHORE: Irfan Siddiqui, special advisor to the prime minister, on Tuesday called on Punjab Governor Chaudhry Muhammad Sarwar and discussed important issues including peace talks with the Taliban. During the meeting, Irfan Siddiqui informed the governor about progress being made in dialogue with the Taliban and others national matters of the country. On the occasion, the Punjab governor said that the incumbent government was sincerely making efforts for resolving all crises being faced by the people and maintaining peace in the country. He said that terrorism and other problems would be eliminated from the country in the future due to result oriented efforts being made by the government. The governor told the advisor to the PM that United Nations Special Envoy for Global Education and former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown would visit in Pakistan soon. Chaudhry Sarwar said that during his visit, he would likely announce heavy funds for enhancing education in the country. INP


08 COMMENT What hampers access to nuclear technology?

Wednesday, 26 March, 2014

Origins of lotacracy And how it has ruined Pakistan

There is a dire need to undertake proactive measures that project a soft and moderate image of Pakistan

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T the two-day nuclear Security Summit in The hague nawaz Sharif pleaded for access to nuclear technology arguing that this was needed to overcome Pakistan’s chronic power shortages which were restricting its production capacity and standing in the way of industrial revival. Many would agree with the prime minister that power shortages constitute a big hurdle in the economic development. The government is already trying to add to the national grid by building additional dams, nuclear and solar energy plants and windmills. Pakistan not only needs to overcome the existing shortages but also to plan for the growing energy needs of the country. Pakistan has a history of safe operation of nuclear plants and therefore considers that it has the right to civilian nuclear energy. Its access to civilian nuclear technology is however restricted by the nuclear Suppliers Group (nSG) for not complying with the non-Proliferation Treaty (nPT). Islamabad considers this treatment as discriminatory because India, another non-nPT member, has been given exemption by the nSG. Despite the need to set up more nuclear power plants Pakistan is facing a global policy of denial, with no country other than China willing to supply it reactors. nawaz Sharif has called for Pakistan’s inclusion in all international export control regimes, especially the nuclear Suppliers Group. While putting up the demand Sharif underlined that Pakistan has been running a safe, secure and safeguarded civil nuclear programme for more than 40 years and possesses the expertise, manpower and infrastructure to produce civil nuclear energy. What is more, Islamabad pursues a policy of nuclear restraint and credible minimum deterrence. Its nuclear materials, facilities and assets are safe with the country’s nuclear security regime being anchored in the principle of multi-layered defence for the entire spectrum – inside, outside or cyber threat. Despite Sharif’s forceful defence of his case, the ghost of AQ Khan’s proliferation continues to cast a shadow over Pakistan’s efforts to seek access to nuclear technology. The disservice that Khan and his associates did to Pakistan is formidable. While Sharif has underlined Islamabad’s efforts for peace on the subcontinent, the nuclear arms race is heating up in South Asia. It is estimated that Pakistan is on course to overtake Britain as the world's no 5 nuclear power vis a vis the number of nuclear weapons that also include tactical weapons. This worries the world as there is little headway in the improvement of relations between the two nuclear armed countries. While doubts and suspicions that have marred Pak-US relations in the past might have been reduced, these are far from having been fully dispelled. notwithstanding Sharif’s argument regarding Pakistan having prepared a foolproof system of nuclear security, statements by those holding important positions in administration that indicate a soft corner for Pakistani Taliban make many in US feel uncomfortable. There is a dire need to undertake proactive measures that project a soft and moderate image of Pakistan.

Dedicated to the legacy of the late Hameed Nizami

Arif Nizami Editor

Aziz-ud-Din Ahmad Joint Editor Lahore – Ph: 042-36375963-5 Fax: 042-32535230 Karachi – Ph: 021-35381208-9 Fax: 021-35381208 Islamabad – Ph: 051-2204545 Web: www.pakistantoday.com.pk Email: editorial@pakistantoday.com.pk

Dr FariD a Malik

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olitical lotas (one who change loyalties, as in horse trading) is a unique phenomena of Pakistan in general and Punjab in particular. Till the Lahore Resolution of 1940, the movement for the creation of Pakistan was vibrant in Bengal, UP, CP while Punjab was ruled by the Unionists and Frontier (nWFP of that time, and KP of the present times) was under the control of Khudai Khidmatgars, or ‘Red Shirts’ as they were called. The Quaid and his comrades braved it out to present the Resolution on Mar 23 of that year. Young volunteers of Muslim Students Federation provided round the clock vigil to the leaders. Sher-e-Bengal Maulana Fazalul haq presented the Resolution which was unanimously carried. The message was clear. The movement for the creation of Pakistan could no longer be stopped. The Toadies were advised to join the Muslim League by their foreign masters. For their long term survival they came in hoards. having their roots in this part of the sub-continent their electability under the Muslim League ban-

ner was guaranteed. The heavyweights of the ‘lota Movement’ were the Tiwanas, Daultanas, hayats, Dreshaks, Khuros, Khattaks etc, and thus for political sustainability ‘lotacracy’ became a norm. Shaheed-e-Millat nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan weathered the initial years assisted by leaders like Khawaja nazimuddin, Qayyum Khan and Abul Rab nishtar. Bureaucrats and khakis were kept out of the corridors of power. With the murder of the first prime minister the rot started. Khawaja nazimuddin replaced the PM and Ghulam Muhammad was inducted as the Governor General. The lotas teamed up with baboos and khakis to eliminate the genuine democratic leadership. With the first Martial Law of October 27, 1958, it was all over. Power no longer belonged to the people of Pakistan. While the ‘lotas’ ruled, the founding fathers of Pakistan were hounded and cornered. Qayyum Khan was taken to the dungeons of Lahore Fort from where he announced his retirement from politics. Only two leaders fought back and challenged the forced disqualification, or eBCO as it was called (elective Bodies Disqualification Order): hussain Shaheed Suharwardy from eastern Pakistan and Zulfikar Bokhari from the Western Pakistan. They were both tried by tribunals and the charges were not proven against them. Suharwardy was a stalwart of the Pakistan Movement. he was chief minister of united Bengal and a brilliant legal mind. Ayub Khan in the 1950s-60s and Ziaul haq in the 1970s were faced with similar dilemmas. While Suharwardy was found dead in a Beirut hotel, Bhutto was assassinated through the judicial process. Ayub Khan’s Convention or Sarkari Muslim League was infested with lotas of

all kinds and sizes and played a major role in the break up of Pakistan. Leaders like Suharwardy had the capacity and capability of keeping Pakistan together. he was no lota. When the Muslim League tried to corner him, he left and formed his own ‘Awami League’ of which Sheikh Mujibur Rehman was an ordinary worker. The ideologues are committed to an ideology, and as such they do not jump parties. The Red Shirts till today remain firm on their progressive politics and seldom change loyalties. My father joined the Muslim League in 1935 and never ever joined any other party. Steadfastness is a virtue that is becoming extinct in the current political scenario. he never agreed with the politics of Ghaffar Khan and Wali Khan but always saluted their uncompromising stance on principles. lotacracy has become an effective tool of clinging to power and the associated influence. lota biradari is well spread out in all parties. It happens like this: one brother is in PML-n while the brother-in-law is in PPP and the other in PTI, so all bases are covered. Clinging to authority at all times is ensured and all attempts to change thwarted either from within or outside. Governance and politics in Pakistan have suffered due to lotacracy. lotas have

no ideology or principles; what they seek is power at all costs and so far they have been very successful at it. The sufferings of the masses have increased manifold while party never ceases for them. Politics of selfinterest or mufad ki siasat is very easy to detect. The wealth generated through siasat cannot be hidden. The PML-n as a party leads the pack of vested political interests, for them conflict of interest is irrelevant as long as the wealth keeps growing. The PPP started as an ideological party but it too was run over by the opportunists. All hopes are now pinned on Pakistan Tehrik-e-Insaf to lead the people of Pakistan to their promised land. Like all movements, lotacracy will come in the way. It succeeded in derailing the country and its founding fathers in about 11 years (Aug 1947 to October 1958), and the Quaid-e-Awam faced the gallows after being in power for just six years (1971 to 1977). now the mantle of change is on the shoulders of PTI and its leadership. The battle is on between the comrades of change and ‘lotacracy’. Only time will tell the outcome but the lessons of history cannot be ignored. the writer is ex-chairman, Pakistan Science Foundation. Email: fmaliks@hotmail.com.

National Security Policy Need for an integrated approach for survival in a global world Shazia hariS

W

hen it comes to creating a national Security Policy (nSP), which means collective and individual selfdefence, we need to be crystal clear as such a document not only reflects government’s resolve to ensure internal security for its citizens but is also an image building instrument in the global world. Though a commendable effort, the 11-page document on Pakistan’s first ever nSP needs to be looked into objectively for it to be amended and recommended as our stance against internal security hazards. What needs to be kept in mind is that the nSP is usually a comprehensive document which not only presents threat perceptions, but also presents an integrated approach to countering security hazards within the borders. Since nSP is superior to all other security policies e.g., military doctrine/strategy, or strategies of any other security related organisations, therefore it has to structure clear policy guidelines for all security agencies or departments to avoid repetition and clash. The important point to be considered is that every agency has its own defined role; however, none can be overridden or preyed on. While only the executive can have all the information coming from various sources, yet the experts should define a clear stance of the government in nSP which need to be practically implemented by respective security departments/agencies, meaning one needs to be quite an expert in the field to achieve this. Another thing which needs to be taken care of is that there is a thin line between a ‘republic’ and a ‘national security state’, and Pakistan has a high probability to transform into a ‘security state’ from a ‘republic’ if one sees the present 11-page document. There are four arguments that can be presented for Pakistan’s vulnerability to become a potential security state: one, having unresolved Kashmir issue, Balochistan and Karachi security problems, Shia-Sunni clash, and spill-over effect of the on-going war in Afghanistan. Our past history of wars with the

neighbouring India and military strategy which focused on external border threats and infiltration through porous borders, have raised the threat perception to significantly higher levels, making military and bureaucracy security conscious with a need to avoid trauma and trouble at any cost. Unfortunately since our military has a tendency to step in, invited or uninvited, as a saviour, there should be a mechanism to take them on board before finalising the document as an effort to keep them a mile away from democratic process. We also have a history of economic depression, migration, population boom and joblessness which while providing breeding grounds for criminal activity and prospective future induction grounds for criminals, funded either from inside or abroad, is a constant headache. The martial laws have actually been quite successfully used as a tool to ensure public order, introduce reforms and counter any revolutionary movements both in parliament and in public in the past, and martial law being an instrument of security state stays at the back of our mind always. Keeping in mind the arguments for the sake of democracy, the whole concept of internal security needs an overhauling where winning wars should not be associated with deployment of troops/police force but incorporating the concept of winning hearts and minds, and where society as a whole participates in ensuring implementation of internal

security strategy. Our state, bureaucracy and military unfortunately still seem to be hostage to the old Big Brother responsibility syndrome where they need to take care of the situation on their own, which will in the end put all the blame on them for any failure. The nSP document seems to focus on terrorism as the only internal security hazard, which is actually just a small component of the national internal security plan. It has created another powerful organisation by the name of nACTA, which already existed, and an army of elite force to handle any bad thing happening or likely to happen in the whole country. The document is a repetitive expression of four words over and over again: extremism, sectarianism, terrorism and militancy, which sound a bit heavy after a while, as these four words present just one aspect of the national security but not the holistic internal security scene in Pakistan. Such rhetoric indicates lack of depth into security related issues along with creating an impression as if an organisation’s job description was being written to suit certain experts’ definition of what it should be. Another sentence defined nACTA’s role as designing a programme for deradicalisation of society, along with starting a dialogue with leading stakeholders that include media, religious leaders, intelligentsia, educational institutions to ‘strengthen democratic values of tolerance

and diversity in society’. Are we in the making of another political wing of ISI to mould society’s behaviour by propaganda and mind changing techniques? And if yes, why invent the wheel? Just fund the ISI; they are more experienced and already blamed for it. It’s this aspect which made interior minister say on TV that they had no plans to put ISI under nACTA. It’s like killing the idea of nACTA before it has even blossomed, and though nACTA is the need of time, the name suggests the need to focus on counterterrorism as a specialised authority and not on political or social aspects of internal security matters. nACTA should start functioning immediately with real focus on counterterrorism alone, conducting indigenous research to provide unbiased security analysis, both factual and predictive, along with focusing on making a culturally viable counterterrorism strategy involving media and general masses in guidance of already existing security organisations. Making a counterterrorism strategy will again be one hell of a task as countering terrorism will take much more than raising pickets; it’s a war against ideology and you can’t kill a bacteria with anti-viral medication. The present document should be amended. The PM needs a team that could prepare policies without bias so that emphasis is not on inventing the wheel but strengthening the already existing institutions, which would not only be politically wise but economically sustainable. It is needless to say that countering asymmetrical security threats like terrorism, cyber security risks, uncontrolled mass migration due to armed conflicts, kachi abadis, and disruption of flow of information are just few of the risks in the new world which need joint efforts and not an isolated one. Another wise step would be to keep joint intelligence directorate directly under the PM and shared with nACTA on matters of counterterrorism as intelligence is not simply countering terrorism alone. Shazia Haris is a security analyst and a clinical psychologist.

CMYK


WORLD VIEW 09

Wednesday, 26 March, 2014

NATO's miliTAry decliNe Wall street JourNal Vladimir Putin and his American apologists like to blame NATO's post-Cold War expansion for his territorial conquests, which ignores that the alliance refused in 2008 to let Georgia and Ukraine even begin the process of joining. Those are the two countries the Russian has since carved up, and the question now is whether Russia's expansionism will slap Western leaders out of their self-defense slumbers. NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen sounded the alarm last week in a visit to Washington. "I see Crimea as an element in a greater pattern" of Russian strategy, he told an audience at the Brookings Institution. Moscow's annexation of Crimea, he said, is "a wake-up call" that "must be followed by increased European investment in defense." He might have included the U.S. The combined GDP of NATO's 28 member states tops $30 trillion. Yet with few exceptions, most notably Poland, NATO defense expenditures have declined since the end of the Cold War. Of the relative defense spending in 2013 for some key NATO countries as a share of GDP, only four members—the U.S., U.K., Greece and Estonia—spent at least 2% of GDP on defense. At 1.9%, France last year fell short of the 2% that is supposed to be the technical requirement for membership. Mr. Rasmussen's Denmark spent 1.4% of its GDP on defense, Angela Merkel's Germany 1.3%, Italy 1.2%, and Spain 0.9%. This is what a country spends if it thinks its main security threat is Belgium. And the trend is down, as a majority of NATO members reduced defense spending in 2013. Among the more drastic defense cutters last year were Canada (7.6%), Slovenia (8.7%), Italy (10.3%), Hungary (11.9%) and Spain (11.9%). The U.S. reduced its overall spending by an estimated 2%. That might not sound like much, but American spending comprised 72% of all NATO defense expenditures in 2013. Under President Obama's latest budget proposal, U.S. defense spending will fall from 4.6% of GDP in 2011 to 3.5% in fiscal 2015 and 2.9% by 2017 when he is supposed to leave his successor a country stronger than he inherited. On present trend it will be weaker. The Obama theory of "collective security" is that as the U.S. retreats from its historic commitments in Europe and the Middle East, allies will step up to deter aggressors and protect Western interests. NATO budget cuts suggest otherwise. The cuts have created "gaps in meeting core NATO tasks" and resulted in "forces that are not ready, not trained, and not sufficiently equipped," according to a 2012 study by the U.S. National Defense University. In plain English, this means that if Vladimir Putin sets his sights on NATO's eastern periphery—by targeting the Baltic states, for example—the alliance may not have the capability to resist even if it has the political will. European powers in recent years have shelved entire divisions and weapons systems. The British Royal Navy doesn't operate a proper aircraft carrier. The Netherlands in 2012 disbanded its heavy-armor division, and France and the U.K. each now field a mere 200 main battle tanks. France has cut its orders of Rafale combat jets to six a year from 11. This isn't even a Maginot Line. Most alliance members are also dangerously demobilized: Germany last year announced plans to cut its troops to no more than 180,000 from 545,000 at the end of the Cold War. The French military has shrunk to 213,000 from 548,000 in 1990. The U.K. now has 174,000 armed forces, down from 308,000 in 1990. NATO countries have also been deferring maintenance of major equipment and cutting back weapons inventories. Such neglect, normally hidden, became apparent in 2011 when Britain and France ran out of precisionguided munitions during NATO's Libya campaign. Russia takes military matters seriously. The Putin regime has increased defense spending 79% over the past decade, according to a Brookings study. Defense expenditures amounted to 4.5% of Russian GDP in 2012, the World Bank reports. After a period of post-Cold War neglect, Moscow has been closing its capability gaps, including the upgrade of its Soviet-era fleet of military-transport aircraft and interceptor jets. Russia's state-run media celebrated these developments a few weeks before Mr. Putin's Crimean incursion. Justifying cuts to Germany's military budget, then-German Defense Minister Thomas de Maiziere predicted in May 2013 that "it is more likely the Bundeswehr will in future be employed in areas of crisis and conflict around the world than in defending the country." Such thinking warms Mr. Putin's heart—and may increase his territorial appetite.

sAudi ArAbiA mOves TO cONfrONT regiONAl rivAls Weekly staNdard

T

hUSSain aBDUl-hUSSain

HE Gulf Cooperation Council, consisting of Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, and led by Persian Gulf superpower Saudi Arabia, has fallen into disarray. After the Saudis, Emiratis, and Bahrainis withdrew their ambassadors from Qatar two weeks ago, they are planning to turn the heat up further on this GCC spoiler. In addition, they’ve also decided to raise the stakes on Iran by backing forces, like the Yemeni military and the Syrian rebels, squared off against Iranian proxies. The view here from Kuwait City, which is hosting the 25th Annual Arab summit this week, is that without a turnaround in the White House’s Iran policy, there’s not much anyone can do to change the equation. Kuwait has tried its hand at GCC reconciliation, but the emirate often referred to as "everybody's friend" has had little success. Saudi Arabia believes it is under existential threat with uprisings across the region threatening the status quo order and Qatar is helping to undermine it. And most dauntingly, Riyadh sees the United States reaching out to Iran for a deal that the Saudis fear will come at their expense. If Gulf watchers believed that the appointment of 33-year-old Sheikh Tamim Al-Thani to replace his father Hamad as the emir of Qatar last June would moderate Doha’s adventurist foreign policy, those assessments have been proven wrong. Saudi Arabia is furious with Qatar for continuing to fund Islamist groups in Syria, Egypt and elsewhere since the Saudis consider the Islamists a threat to their own rule. Further, Qatar's infamous Al-Jazeera TV has raised Saudi ire with its bombastic broadcasts and "revolutionary" overtones. Perhaps most dangerously, Qatar had tried to seek its own advantage by playing Saudi Arabia and Iran against each other. In Syria, for example, Qatar has stood with Saudi Arabia by demanding that Bashar al-Assad step down. Yet at the same time, Qatar has sponsored radical Islamists, who in turn have fought the more moderate Saudi-sponsored factions. As the U.S. designation last month of an Iranian al-Qaeda network showed, many of the al-Qaeda elements fighting in Syria have come via Iran, and many Gulf officials believe that their brutality has alienated many Syrians and reinforced the regime's nar-

rative depicting all rebels as terrorists. After several warnings to Qatar, Saudi Arabia was moving to take more aggressive steps against Doha when Kuwait intervened and attempted to mediate. In November, the emir of Kuwait, Sheikh Sabah Al-Sabah, took Sheikh Tamim Al-Thani to meet the King of Saudi Arabia Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz Al-Saud in Riyadh, where the new Qatari emir promised the elder Saudi sovereign that Doha would fall in line behind the GCC leader. At first, Kuwaiti efforts bore fruit. In December, Kuwait hosted the annual GCC summit where the Saudis had hoped that the council would announce steps toward GCC unity that would bar the Iranians from encroaching on Gulf affairs. Two of the key concerns were Bahrain, where the Iranians are believed to be sponsoring the violent part of political unrest, and Yemen, where Tehran funds and trains the rebellious Houthis in the north. Another issue was Oman, which the Obama administration had been using as a back channel to negotiate with Iran.

From Riyadh’s perspective, the role that Tehran and the White House had carved out for Oman undermined Gulf unity. Kuwait’s 84-year old sovereign counseled patience and compelled Qatar's Prince Tamim to keep his promises, which they now believe he has broken. According to sources involved in the Kuwaiti reconciliation effort, UAE's Vice President Sheikh Mohamed bin Rashed Al-Maktoum is angered that Tamim "lied" to him. Amidst the internal squabbling, the raging civil war in Syria, the turbulence in Egypt, Iraq, Yemen and Lebanon, and Iran’s march toward to nuclear weapons program, Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and Bahrain drew a line in the sand. They decided not only to cut off Qatar but also to confront Iran. The Yemeni army will receive substantial support to beat the Houthis, and so will Syria's rebels. If the rebels cannot topple Assad, they will at least bog down his forces and strain Iranian resources in an endless war of attrition. Sympathizers with Iran or Hezbollah will lose their high-paying jobs and will be ejected from Saudi Ara-

bia and the UAE. Kuwait again tried its hand with mediation as it prepared to host the Arab Summit. But this time Saudi leaders told their Kuwaiti counterparts that while they value their friendship, they were not in the mood for reconciliation with Qatar, Oman or Iraq, effectively under Iranian tutelage now thanks to the divisive sectarian policies of Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki. Therefore, Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Salman, who came to Kuwait City in December for the Gulf summit, will likely be skipping the Arab summit. UAE's Sheikh Mohamed and Bahrain's King Hamad bin Issa, who both participated in December, have already announced their decision not to attend. To avoid offending the host country and keep the Kuwaitis from losing face, the Saudis leaked through their official media that Gulf mediation would resume after the summit. However, according to sources here, there will be no rapprochement between the Saudis and the Qataris. Moreover, Riyadh is planning to further escalate against Doha by closing airspace to Qatari overflights and outbidding the Qataris in Syria and Egypt in order to shut down the Islamists—and Qatar’s adventurist regional policy. It is against this background of internal GCC dissension that Obama will arrive in Riyadh later this week to meet King Abdullah. Sources on both sides explain that Obama will "assure" the Saudis that the alliance between the two countries remains strong, and that the administration is committed to the security of Saudi Arabia against any foreign aggression and that Riyadh should not fear that US-Iranian negotiations will come at Saudi’s expense. The Saudis will listen, but with reservations. From their perspective, Obama has scrapped most of America's past arrangements with the Saudi kingdom, arrangements first forged when President Roosevelt met with the founder of modern Saudi Arabia King Abdul-Aziz ibn Saud on Egypt’s Great Bitter Lake in 1944. The deal was that in exchange for holding the balance of power of the world's oil reservoir, the United States would protect the Saudis against all comers. Now Riyadh feels that it is on its own, and the Saudis are not in the mood for the empty promises that the Obama White House calls diplomacy. Instead, the Saudis are moving aggressively to confront adversaries, from GCC rivals like Qatar to Gulf revolutionaries like Iran.

AFGHANISTAN IS NO VIETNAM NatioNal iNterest Michael O'hanlOn

Several weeks ago, reputable news organizations like Politico and CNN reported the results of a survey of Americans in which support for the Afghanistan war, now in its thirteenth year, was lower than public support had ever been for the Vietnam conflict. Reportedly, this polling data is influencing White House advisors to President Obama, who favor a rapid end to the war, including perhaps even a "zero option" for next year (after the current NATO mission there will have ended). On its surface, the views of political advisors to the president seem easy to understand. After all, Vietnam brought down President Johnson. In such a context, getting the United States out of Afghanistan as completely and quickly as possible would seem imperative for the Obama administration. Balderdash. In fact, this reading of the recent polls on Afghanistan is simply wrong, and the way in which the American media tended to report on it was fundamentally misleading. Anyone who thinks the Afghanistan mission is less popular than Vietnam does not remember or understand the latter conflict. Unlike the case with the war in Southeast Asia, the nation's intensity of sentiment about Afghanistan, while admittedly not positive, is very mild. It is true that less than 20 percent of all Americans view the Afghanistan war positively. In light of its length, its many frustrations, and President Karzai's attitude towards the United States, this is not entirely surprising.

But the attitudes about Afghanistan are not deeply felt across the public or the electorate. To be sure, among troops and diplomats and others who have served, and their families, the sacrifice has often been great and the sentiments about the war can be powerful—for good and for bad. But such a group, even very broadly defined, constitutes about 1 percent of the country. The fine testimony before Congress last week of war commander General Joseph Dunford was notable largely for the lack of coverage it produced by the media, and the lack of interest by most Americans. There were no huge protests, no big newspaper advertisements calling for an end to the war, and relatively little partisan skirmishing on the subject even in these politically tumultuous times. Any student of polling should know that polls about given subjects in public policy are only meaningful if they capture intensity. Vietnam tore this country apart. Afghanistan makes it yawn. Part of the reason for the inattention to Dunford's recent public appearances is that the Ukraine crisis was ongoing at the same point. But the evidence for relative American disinterest in the subject of Afghanistan is much deeper. Exhibit A is that, in the 2012 presidential campaign, neither major candidate gave a major speech on the war, proposed a major change in policy, or otherwise sought political advantage even though the closeness of the race should have encouraged both to do so had the war been profoundly unpopular. Instead, both candidates accepted the gradual troop drawdown sched-

ule announced by President Obama in June of 2011, which was not superseded until his State of the Union speech in early 2013 (when the previous troop reduction had already been complete for nearly six months). To be sure, no one should stick with a lethal war effort just because of public apathy. If the cause is suspect or the war campaign beyond repair, policymakers should make it a priority to bring our troops home, and spare the nation the cost in blood and treasure that any conflict inevitably produces. But in fact, the war is not lost. Alas, it is ongoing. But it is now also being handed off fairly successfully to Afghan forces, who represent more 90 percent of total coalition troop strength, conduct more than 95 percent of all missions, suffer a similar fraction of total coalition casualties—and have absorbed that increased mission over the last two years without substantial ground being lost to the enemy in the process. In fact, on balance Afghanistan's main cities and roads are safer today than they were in 2011 or 2012, as the nation prepares to elect a successor to President Karzai this spring. There are many fair debates to be had about how long we should keep smaller forces in Afghanistan to perform which particular missions. But the idea that Afghanistan risks becoming Obama's Vietnam, by any measure including public sentiment, could not be further from the truth. Michael O’Hanlon is Director of Research in the Foreign Policy Program at the Brookings Institution.


10 BUSINESS

Wednesday, 26 March, 2014

PunjAb gOvT TO COMPlETE TwO POwEr PlAnTS by 2017: SHAHbAz

Major Gainers COMPAny Rafhan Maize XD Nestle Pak. Colgate Palmoliv Pak Tobacco Philip Morris Pak.

OPEn 8389.00 8950.00 1600.00 1010.00 579.99

HIgH 8505.00 8950.00 1675.00 1092.00 593.86

lOw 8150.01 8899.00 1600.00 1000.00 565.59

ClOSE CHAngE 8496.50 396.50 8950.00 100.00 1640.00 39.95 1079.31 39.06 592.69 27.10

TurnOvEr 1,460 460 2,320 26,600 8,400

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2678.40 295.50 766.63 182.29 495.50

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340 12,600 1,750 300 2,200

14.38 59.40 17.19 11.26 32.12

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Volume Leaders TRG Pakistan Ltd. Engro Fertilize Ltd. Fauji Cement XD Lafarge Pak. Fatima Fert.

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Interbank Rates USD GBP JPY EURO

ISLAMABAD

P

ONLINE

UNJAB Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif Tuesday directed the ministry for water and power to complete the environmental impact assessment report as early as possible in connection with the proposed power plants in Punjab. Shahbaz Sharif and Finance Minister Ishaq Dar co-chaired a special meeting here at prime minister’s house in order to review logistics requirements for imported coal transportation to proposed power plants in Punjab. Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif was of the view that internationally the 660MW power plants were considered more efficient and the Punjab government had a plan to complete two power plants by 2017 adding that rest of four power plants would be completed by year 2018. Two pair each at six sites, Sharif maintained, would produce 7820MW of electricity which would meet the gap between demand and supply in summer as well. He observed that for the industrial development of the country, they needed to shift to

Dar urges provinces to pass on Rupee’s effect on masses ISLAMABAD: The national price monitoring committee meeting was held under the Chairmanship of Federal Minister for Finance Senator Ishaq Dar at the finance ministry on Tuesday. The finance minister said that price stability throughout the country was always the top priority of the PML-N government. He informed the meeting that the government has taken a number of steps to reform the economy and now there are positive signals of improvement in the economy. He said the IMF in second review acknowledged that economic growth was picking up and the inflation was coming down. Our all macroeconomic indicators are showing positive direction as remittances have increased by 11 percent, revenues by 17 percent, exports by 6 percent and Rupee appreciated by 7 percent and foreign exchange reserve are also improving. The impact of Pak Rupee appreciation will be realised in the prices. He informed that FBR had reported that appreciation of rupee value had led manufacturers to decrease their prices. These manufacturers include Engro Polymer and Chemicals Ltd., Manufacturer of PVC-Resin & Caustic Soda by 8 percent, Tufail Chemical Industries Ltd, Manufacturer of various chemicals by 5 percent, Tufail Chemical and Surfactants (Pvt) Ltd by 5 percent, Swat Ceramics Industries (Pvt) Ltd by 5 percent and Indus Motors Company Ltd by 3-4 percent. He urged the provincial governments to take more proactive steps to control the prices and ensure to pass on effect of the rupee appreciation on the prices of essential items. In addition, he also advised the provincial governments to make functional the Consumer Protection Courts and Consumer Protection Society and also create awareness among the common people. The meeting reviewed the inflationary trend of various indicators including the Consumer Price Index (CPI), Food, Non-Food, Core, Wholesale Price index (WPI), Sensitive Price Indicator (SPI) and Index of 28 selected essential items. INP

cheaper fuel and more efficient power plants. Earlier, Secretary Water and Power Abid Saeed informed the participants that the sites of the proposed power plants in Punjab already have the necessary infrastructure of transmission lines and capacity to meet the requirements. However, he said wherever required additional transmission lines would be set up on joint venture basis. While briefing participants of the meeting, Federal Minister for Railways Khawaja Saad Rafique was of the view that Pakistan Railways had made initial study for route map in order to transport imported coal to six coal fired power plants to be set up in Punjab. Saad Rafique informed that necessary work for double track up to Lahore is already in progress, adding that the procurement of high traction locomotives and high capacity wagons would be required to meet the expected demand of transporting 36 million tons of coal per annum by year 2018 when all the coal fired power plants would be operational. The ministry of port and shipping informed that capacity development at Port Qasim and Karachi Port Trust will have to be undertaken

for loading/unloading arrangements at terminals. The meeting was informed that the private sector could be involved to enhance the capacity at the two ports. At this occasion, Federal Finance Minister Senator Ishaq Dar stated that instead of separate feasibility reports by each of the three ministries, it would be appropriate that an integrated feasibility plan in collaboration with IPDF (Infrastructure Project Development Facility) of the finance division should be prepared in order to ensure that minimum extra logistic arrangements are required. Dar said that wherever it was possible, public private partnership or joint ventures with the private sector should be explored. The minister underlined that the sites should be selected keeping in view the availability of dual railway track, transmission lines and related infrastructure. Ahsan Iqbal, minister for planning, development and reform, Kamran Michael, federal minister for port and shipping, Finance Secretary Dr Waqar Masood, Federal Secretary Water and Power Saifullah Chatta and other senior officials of the federal and provincial governments also participated in the sitting.

IMF commends stabilisation of Pakistan’s economy

PKR 98.0557 PKR 161.6547 PKR 0.9594 PKR 135.6111

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CORPORATE CORNER

ISLAMABAD: Danish Ambassador Jasper Mollar, Cyprus Consul General Kal Yemenz and ChenOne Chief Executive Kashif Awan at the launch of ChenOne Summer Collection. PR

Says more needs to be done to reduce vulnerabilities, calls for reducing government borrowing from SBP, building foreign exchange reserves, and rationalisation of gas prices WASHINGTON INP

First Deputy Managing Director of the IMF Mr David Lipton has said that Pakistani authorities have made commendable progress in stabilising the economy and launching important structural reforms but economic conditions remain challenging and more needs to be done to reduce vulnerabilities. Following the executive board’s discussion on Pakistan during which it approved immediate disbursement of $ 555.6 million, David Lipton said country’s fiscal consolidation was on track but additional efforts to broaden the revenue base and improve tax administration were needed to sustain the adjustment. However, the December 2013 investment incentive package runs against these steps. Slippages on targeted cash transfers should be avoided to protect the most vulnerable segments of the population. It will also be important to strengthen public debt management. The deputy managing director said the monetary policy should increasingly focus on containing inflationary pressures and every effort should be made to reduce the stock of government borrowing from the State Bank of Pakistan in line with programme targets. Efforts to build up foreign reserves should continue through greater exchange rate flexibility and a higher policy rate. Agreed legislation to enhance central bank independence should be presented for par-

liamentary approval without undue delay. Mr David Lipton said tackling financial sector risks was an important policy priority. In particular, capital shortfalls at some banks and high nonperforming loans needed to be addressed promptly. Additional steps to deepen the government debt market would also strengthen financial stability. He welcomed progress on structural reforms but said more remains to be done. The rationalisation of gas prices should move beyond the gas levy; regulation of the energy sector needs to be strengthened; privatization of public sector enterprises should move forward; and bolder actions are needed to improve trade policies and the business climate.” The executive board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) Monday completed the second review of Pakistan’s economic performance under a three-year program supported by an arrangement under the Extended Fund Facility (EFF). After the review, the Board authorised an immediate disbursement of an amount equivalent to SDR 360 million (about US$555.6 million). In completing the second review, the executive board also approved the authorities’ request for waivers of non-observance of the end-December 2013 performance criteria on net swap/forward position and government borrowing from the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) based on corrective actions taken by the authorities.

Ahmad Shafiq, CEO COTHM, selected for 'Stars of the Industry Awards' LAHORE: Ahmad Shafiq, CEO COTHM, has been selected for the ‘Stars of the Industry Awards’ for outstanding international educator for excellence in the area of hospitality. He will receive the award at the 'Stars of the Industry Awards' ceremony on Tuesday, April 1 at the J.W. Marriott, Washington DC, USA. Ahmad Shafiq is the first ever Pakistani to have been selected for this award. This highly coveted international award is recognition of his outstanding accomplishments as a hospitality educator of Pakistan who remained determined and steadfast even in the worst of circumstances in the country and continued serving the hospitality industry enthusiastically. PRESS RELEASE

ISLAMABAD: Executive Director of RIC, Major General (r) Azhar Kiani and Askari Bank President & CEO Syed MajeedUllah Husaini inaugurating Askari Bank booth at Rawalpindi Institute of Cardiology. PR

ISLAMABAD: Participants of Pakistan Scientific and Technological Infomation Centre's five-day workshop on scientific research tools at PASTIC National Centre. PR

The versatility of Ramzan Siddique KARACHI: An upcoming brand, Ramzan Siddique collection, has progressed to the fashion scene in no time. The charismatic brand is known for its versatility and crafty art work on the outfits. Ramzan Siddique will be launching himself formally to the fashion world on the 7th and 8thof March at Tehxeeb Multi-Brand Store in Lahore. “Ramzan Collection is way to show my artistic work to the fashion consortium and after working in this field for more than a decade it wanted to make a brand that has to offer every single piece of clothing possible. The brand has captured the hearts of audiences both abroad and locally” said Ramzan Siddique the architect of the brand when asked about is feeling. PRESS RELEASE


LEISURE 11

Wednesday, 26 March, 2014

HaGaR tHE HoRRIblE

aries

taurus

gemini

Try to blaze new ground today -your energy is best spent pioneering. You may need to go it alone, because things are a bit too dicey for some of your stodgier friends or colleagues.

You need to mix it up at work or in the neighborhood -wherever a power struggle is looming. You don't necessarily need to take over, but you should throw your weight behind a winner.

It's time for someone new to appear -- and they should bring a wave of positive energy along with them! You may be surprised by how in sync you are from the very first time you see each other.

cancer

leo

virgo

You learn a life lesson today -probably fairly late, but still valuable. It's all about flexibility and expectations, so you should find yourself much more patient by this time tomorrow.

This is a good time to explore new ways of seeing the world -and your place in it. Make sure that you're picking up on all the subtle clues coming your way and making intuitive leaps.

If you've got a problem with someone or something, make sure you let them know as gently as possible. Your energy is great, but you may come across as overbearing if you just jump right into it.

libra

scorpio

sagittarius

Your energy is in the sweet spot between excitement and satisfaction -- it's a great time to just kick back and have fun with friends or coworkers. It's only partly the new shift in the weather!

A parent or other relative presents an odd problem -- and it's one that you may have to solve on your own. Sometimes you're the only grownup in the family, or so it seems. Have patience!

It's time for you to get moving! Your energy is restless, and you typically turn that into a drive for exploration. It may be time for a road trip, or you could just try out that one new nightspot.

dIlbERt

GaRFIEld

baldo

capricorn

aQuarius

pisces

You're pushing into something new -maybe a brand-new chapter of your life, actually. Think things through as usual, but don't hesitate when the time for action comes. It's almost here!

It's time to open up - your vision isn't going to change the world by itself! Once you start talking or writing, you should find others lining up to join the cause. It's amazing what a little openness can do!

Your head is swimming with new thoughts and ideas -- try not to get lost in the swirl! You may need to go for a run or find some other way to keep your body busy while your brain sorts itself out.

cRosswoRd

sUdoKU

ACROSS

bRIdGE

How to play fill in all the squares in the grid so that each row, column and each of the squares contains all the digits. the object is to insert the numbers in the boxes to satisfy only one condition: each row, column and 3x3 box must contain the digits 1 through 9 exactly once.

limbo lowly mere mites perform plait poise purse reverse sees shameless slant stem stubborn stuff stupid tare tense toil value

Today’s soluTions

dEGREE oF coNcERN

cHEss white tO PLAY AND MAte iN fOur MOVeS 8

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sudoku solution

2 donkey (3) 3 (whole) kit and caboodle (7) 4 carry too far (6) 5 rope (5) 6 dope (9) 7 trading place for bulls and bears? (5,6) 8 emcee at a banquet (11) 12 treat roughly (9) 16 pope (7) 17 deer horn (6) 19 money owed (5) 23 nocturnal bird (3)

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crossword solution

1 frigid (11) 9 vulgar (9) 10 old chinese "chairman" (3) 11 punctuation mark (5) 13 scribbled drawings (7) 14 cope (6) 15 stuff ejected from the mouth (6) 18 from kigali? (7) 20 numbers to which one may be dressed up? (5) 21 stop (3) 22 aggressive (9) 24 full-length movie (7,4)

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Wednesday, 26 March, 2014

ARTS

A million children A yeAr develop tuberculosis: study Around 40 percent of the cases were in Southeast Asia

BEES TURN INTO ZOMBIES, THANKS TO A PARASITIC FLY Human zombies might be a figment of the imagination, but ‘zombie bees’ actually exist. They are ‘created’ when regular honeybees get infested with a particular type of parasite. The bees begin to display highly erratic and bizarre behaviour that’s very zombie-like. These infested bees were first discovered in 2008 in California by John Hafernik, a professor of biology at San Francisco State University. Ever since the initial discovery, zombie bee-sightings have been reported in US state of Oregon, Washington State, California and South Dakota. According to Professor Hafernik, “They fly around in a disoriented way, get attracted to light, and then fall down and wander around in a way that’s sort of reminiscent of zombies in the movies. Sometimes we’ve taken to calling it, when they leave their hives, ‘the flight of the living dead.’” The culprit here is the Apocephalus borealis, a parasitic fly that is known to implant its eggs in ants. The fly larvae live off the ants’ brains, dissolve their connective tissues and eventually finish off the ants. Researchers now have reason to believe that the flies have found a new home for their eggs – European honeybees that are common in the United States. The flies lay their eggs in the bees that eventually hatch, wreaking havoc in their hosts’ bodies. VIA ODDITY CENTRAL

A

BOUT a million children, double the previous estimate, fall ill with tuberculosis every year, said a study this week that also gave the first tally of drug-resistant TB among the young. "Many cases of tuberculosis and multi-drug resistant tuberculosis disease are not being detected in children," it said. The team's computer model, based on population data and previous studies, suggests 999,800 people aged under 15 fell sick with TB in 2010. Around 40 percent of the cases were in Southeast Asia and 28 percent in Africa. "Our estimate of the total number of new cases of childhood TB is twice that estimated by the WHO (World Health Organisation) in 2011, and three times the number of child TB cases notified globally each year," said Ted Cohen from the Harvard School of Public Health. The research, published in The Lancet, coincides with World TB Day, which places the spotlight on a disease that claims some 1.3 million lives each year. The team estimated that nearly 32,000 children in 2010 had multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB), meaning the strain was impervious to frontline drugs isoniazid and rifampin and was thus harder and costlier to treat. This is the first estimate of MDR-TB among children under 15, who constitute a quarter of the global population. Children are at a higher risk of disease and death from MDR-TB, but react well to medication. They are harder to diagnose, partly because smaller children cannot cough up sputum samples needed for laboratory tests.

Reliable estimates are necessary for health authorities to assign resources for diagnosing and treating the infectious lung disease. Commenting on the study, Ben Marais of the Marie Bashir Institute for Infectious Diseases and Biosecurity in Sydney, Australia, described it as the "most rigorous effort to date" to assess TB and MDR-TB incidence in children. "Every effort should be made to reduce the massive case-detection gap and address the vast unmet need for diagnosis and treatment," he said. The WHO says about 450,000 people developed MDRTB in 2012 and 170,000 died from it. Less than 20 percent of MDR patients received appropriate treatment, which promotes further spread of the disease. Nearly 10 percent of MDR cases are thought to be of the even deadlier XDR (extensively drug resistant) variety which does not respond to a yet wider range of drugs. Are you happy at work? • Researchers prove that employ-

ees in a good mood are 12% more productive - and say perks could be the key • Authors say being happy can lead to a 12% boost in productivity • Firms hail Google as best example of how to treat employees. Google famously offers its employees everything from laundry facilities to volleyball courts - and even naps pods and a slide. Researchers today said the firm may actually have the right idea - and that happy employees really do work harder. In a series of lab tests, they found happiness made people around 12% more productive. The researchers claim the study is the first causal evidence using randomized trials and piece-rate working that shows happiness does matter. The study, to be published in the Journal of Labor Economics, included four different experiments with more than 700 participants. During the experiments a number of the participants were either shown a com-

edy movie clip or treated to free chocolate, drinks and fruit. Others were questioned about recent family tragedies, such as bereavements, to assess whether lower levels of happiness were later associated with lower levels of productivity. 'The driving force seems to be that happier workers use the time they have more effectively, increasing the pace at which they can work without sacrificing quality,' said Dr Daniel Sgroi from the Department of Economics at the University of Warwick, one of the leaders of the research. 'Some firms say they care about the well-being and ‘happiness’ of their employees. But are such claims hype, or scientific good sense? We provide evidence that happiness makes people more productive,' the team wrote. Dr Eugenio Proto said: 'We have shown that happier subjects are more productive, the same pattern appears in four different experiments. 'This research will provide some guidance for management in all kinds of organizations; they should strive to make their workplaces emotionally healthy for their workforce.' The researchers say that Google was at the forefront of improving its employee's happiness with its well known perks, which include free food, buses and gyms, along with sports courts and even a slide to get between floors. Professor Andrew Oswald said: 'Companies like Google have invested more in employee support and employee satisfaction has risen as a result. 'For Google, it rose by 37%, they know what they are talking about. Under scientifically controlled conditions, making workers happier really pays off.' AGENCIES

Two more colossal pharaoh statues unveiled in Egypt APPLE ALL SET TO BOOST ITS BATTERY LIFE Apple may have the edge over Samsung when it comes to various features, but it lags far behind in battery life. However, a recent patent could be about to change all that. Apple's latest application details a system that tracks how a person uses his phone through a variety of sensors, and then makes tailored power-saving changes accordingly. For example, the patent explained that if the system detects a 'relatively dark environment' - such as when a user plays a video game - the system may dim the backlight of the display automatically. It could also decrease the amount of power being used by the central processing unit (CPU), while increasing the amount of energy needed to power the graphical processing unit (GPU) specifically needed for the game. Meanwhile, various sensors inside the phone, including the gyroscope, accelerometer, GPS, and Wi-Fi units, would detect changes in environment and movement. If a user starts watching a movie on the device, 'the system can determine whether the battery can last for the duration of the movie based on the metadata of the movie.' If the phone detects that the remaining power capacity won't last that long, certain power to other apps may be closed or limited - assuming the user is unlikely to use those applications while watching the film. The system may alternatively reduce the frame rate to reduce power consumption. Apple's patent explained the system could also work the other way - by giving more power at times when the user wants the phone to be more responsive. VIA DAILY MAIL

Archaeologists on Sunday unveiled two colossal statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III in Egypt's famed temple city of Luxor, adding to an existing pair of world-renowned tourist attractions. The two monoliths in red quartzite were raised at what European and Egyptian archaeologists said were their original sites in the funerary temple of the king, on the west bank of the Nile. The temple is already famous for its existing 3,400year-old Memnon colossi -- twin statues of Amenhotep III whose reign archaeologists say marked the political and cultural zenith of ancient Egyptian civilisation. "The world until now knew two Memnon colossi, but from today it will know four colossi of Amenhotep III," said German-Armenian archaeologist Hourig Sourouzian, who heads the project to conserve the Amenhotep III temple. The existing two statues, both showing the pharaoh seated, are known across the globe. The two restored additions have weathered severe damage for centuries, Sourouzian said. "The statues had lain in pieces for centuries in the fields, damaged by destructive forces of nature like earthquake, and later by irrigation water, salt, encroachment and vandalism," she said, as behind her excavators and local villagers washed pieces of artefacts and statues unearthed over the past months. "This beautiful temple still has enough for us to study and conserve."One of the "new" statues -- its body weighing 250 tonnes -- again depicts the pharaoh seated, hands resting on his knees. It is 11.5 metres (38 feet) tall, with a base 1.5 metres high and 3.6 metres wide. Archaeologists said with its now missing double crown, the original statue would have reached a height of 13.5 metres and weighed 450 tonnes. The king is depicted wearing a royal pleated kilt held at the waist by a large belt decorated with zigzag lines. Beside his right leg stands nearly a complete figure of Amenhotep III's wife Tiye, wearing a large wig and a long tight-fitting dress. A statue of queen mother Mutemwya, originally beside his left leg, is missing, archaeologists said. The throne itself is decorated on each side with scenes from that era, showing the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt. The second statue, of Amenhotep III standing, has been installed at the north gate of the temple. The team of archaeologists also showed several other ancient pieces of what they said were parts of other statues of the ancient ruler and his relatives, including a well-preserved alabaster head from another Amenhotep III statue. "This piece is unique, it is rare, because there are not many alabaster statues in the world," Sourouzian told AFP. The head, shown briefly to some reporters and fel-

low excavators, has also weathered centuries of damage. Its nose, eyes and ears are intact, and some signs of restoration centuries ago are clearly evident, archaeologists said. Close to the head lies a statue of Princess Iset, Amenhotep III's daughter. Sourouzian said the aim of her team's work was to preserve these monuments and the temple itself, which according to her had suffered at the hands of "nature and mankind". "Every ruin, every monument has its right to be treated decently," said Sourouzian, whose dream as a student was to conserve the Amenhotep III temple. "The idea is to stop the dismantling of monuments and keep them at their sites," she said, adding that what was required was steady "international funding" to con-

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serve such world heritage sites. The ongoing work to conserve the Amenhotep III temple is entirely funded through what she said were "private and international donations". Pharaoh Amenhotep III inherited an empire that spanned from the Euphrates to Sudan, archaeologists say, and he was able to maintain Egypt's position mainly through diplomacy. The 18th dynasty ruler became king at the age of around 12, with his mother as regent. Amenhotep III died in around 1354 BC and was succeeded by his son Amenhotep IV, widely known as Akhenaten. Luxor, a city of some 500,000 people on the banks of the Nile in southern Egypt, is an open-air museum of intricate temples and pharaonic tombs. AGENCIES


Wednesday, 26 March, 2014

ARTS

’FAST & FURIOUS 7’ TO FEATURE PAUL WALKER’S BODY DOUBLES

homelAnd Actor JAmeS rebhorn dieS At 65 James Rebhorn, the prolific character actor whose credits included Homeland, Scent of a Woman and My Cousin Vinny, has died after a long battle with skin cancer. He was 65. Rebhorn's agent, dianne Busch, said Sunday that the actor died Friday at his home in South Orange, New Jersey. Busch said Rebhorn was diagnosed with melanoma in 1992 but managed to work until the last month. In five decades of television and film work, Rebhorn amassed more than 100 credits, ranging from a shipping magnate in the Matt damon film The Talented Mr Ripley to the prosecutor in the series finale of the TV comedy Seinfeld, in which he famously sent the group to jail. The lanky but piercing Rebhorn, raised a Lutheran in Indiana, often played astringent authorities, like the headmaster in Scent of a Woman or the Secretary of defence in Independence day. On Showtime's Homeland, he played the father of Claire danes' CIA officer Carrie Mathison. He also had a recurring role on the uSA Network series White Collar playing the head of an FBI white-collar crime unit. Other credits of the Philadelphia-born Rebhorn, who received his masters in acting from Columbia university, include The Game, Real Steel, Law & Order, Carlito's Way and Meet the Parents. He is survived by his wife, Rebecca Linn, and two daughters. AGENCIES

ShAh ruKh to don A neverSeen-before looK for ‘fAn’ Superstar Shah Rukh Khan, who has millions of fans across the globe, will be seen essaying the role of a fan in Yash Raj Films' forthcoming project Fan. SRK will be seen in a totally new avatar in the movie and renowned special effects make-up maestro, Greg Cannom has been brought onboard to give him a makeover. He recently spent considerable time with Khan, Maneesh Sharma and Aditya Chopra to discuss the superstar's look. Greg has been nominated nine times for the Academy Awards and he has bagged the Oscar three times for the memorable looks that he created in The Curious Case of Benjamin Button (2008), Mrs. doubtfire (1993) and dracula (1992). In 2005, along with Wesley Wofford, he also received a Technical Achievement Award from the Academy for the development of special modified silicone material used for makeup applications in motion pictures. VIA MOVIE TALKIES

rAnbir KApoor to plAy SAnJAy dutt in lAtter'S biopic

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Saudi clerics term Islam-inspired cartoon series a ‘work of the devil’ RIYADH

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AudI Arabia’s top clerics have declared an Islam-inspired cartoon series, which earned praise from uS President Barack Obama, a "work of the devil" that Muslims should not watch. The television version of superhero comic book "The 99" is being aired by Saudi-owned satellite channel MBC3, based in dubai in the neighbouring united Arab Emirates. But in a religious decree carried by Saudi websites on Monday, the clerics ruled the series blasphemous because the superheroes of its title are based on the 99 attributes ascribed to Allah in the Holy Quran. "The 99 is a work of the devil that should be condemned and forbidden in

respect to Allah’s names and attributes," the clerics, led by the kingdom’s mufti, Abdulaziz al-Sheikh, said. The original comic strip version, first released in 2006, had already ran into opposition from Muslim hardliners not only in Saudi Arabia but also in neighbouring Kuwait, where it was created and produced by media executive Nayef al-Matawa. The comics — produced in English as well as Arabic — won praise, however, not only from Obama but also from Kuwait’s emir, Sheikh Sabah al-Ahmed al-Sabah, for their message of moderation and cultural dialogue. They have been sold around the world and have also spawned a merchandise range and a theme park in Kuwait as well as the Arabic-language television series. ultra-conservative Saudi Arabia applies a strict version of Islam.

AliA to romAnce ShAhid KApoor Bollywood actress Alia Bhatt may star opposite Shahid Kapoor in Vikas Bahl’s upcoming film ‘Shaandar’. Bhatt, who was highly appreciated for her performance in Imtiaz Ali’s ‘Highway’, had earlier expressed desire to be a part of the project. Now the Times of India reveal Bahl, who is riding high after the success of his latest film ‘Queen’, has finalized Bhatt as the female lead for his next directorial venture. However, an official announcement is still awaited. Meanwhile, Bhatt will be seen alongside Arjun Kapoor in upcoming romantic drama '2 States'. The film is directed by Abhishek Verman and is based on Chetan Bhagat’s novel of the same name. ONLINE

It has been reported that the filmmakers of the upcoming 'Fast & Furious 7' will finish the incomplete sequences of late actor Paul Walker with the help of CGI and body doubles. The production on the film, which had been on hold since walker’s death on November 5th, will resume early next month in Abu dhabi. Final sequences of the film are set to be shot in Atlanta, Georgia. "They have hired four actors with bodies very similar to Paul's physique and they will be used for movement and as a base. Paul's face and voice will be used on top using CGI," a source revealed. However, the reports have not yet been confirmed by universal Pictures. Walker played Brian O’Conner in the globallysuccessful franchise opposite Vin diesel who played dominic Toretto. The film will see Conner retire rather than been killed off, according to the Hollywood reporter. The seventh instalment in the franchise will also feature dwayne Johnson, Michelle Rodriguez, Jason Statham, Jordana Brewster, and Lucas Black, and is slated to release on April 10th 2015. ONLINE

’DIVERGENT’ DEBUTS AS US BOX OFFICE CHAMP

Biopics have become the flavour of the season and if grapevine is to be believed, then soon we'll get to see Sanjay dutt's life onscreen. Buzz has it that Rajkumar Hirani, who has given the successful Munnabhai series with dutt, will wield the megaphone for the actor's biopic and reportedly, Ranbir Kapoor will essay the lead role in the movie. A source has been quoted saying that Sanjay's wife, Maanayata dutt was quite keen to make a film on her husband's life under their banner Sanjay dutt Productions and the couple wanted only Hirani to direct it. dutt, who is presently serving the remaining 42 months of his sentence for possessing illegal weapons, returned to Pune's Yerawada Jail on Sunday, after his parole came to an end. He will be next seen in Hirani's upcoming Aamir Khan-Anushka Sharma starrer P.K. VIA MOVIE TALKIES

KAreenA denieS SAif hAS been chArged for ASSAult While media is abuzz with reports that Saif Ali Khan has been booked for assaulting South African businessman Iqbal Sharma at Mumbai's Taj Hotel in February 2012, his wife Kareena Kapoor Khan claims that no charges have been framed against him. At a recent event, when Kareena was asked to comment on the issue, she said, “We will find a good way don't worry and he is a good person, he is a good human being and he has not been charged at all, that's the main thing. So you don't need to make it into a big issue and he had apologized that night and this issue came to an end that very night.” ONLINE

LOS ANGELES AGENCIES Teen adventure "divergent" emerged as the North American box office champion at the weekend, leaving also just-released "Muppets Most Wanted" trailing in a distant second place, industry figures showed Monday. Taking an estimated $54.6 million, "divergent," the dystopian tale of a young woman in a futuristic society, is based on the popular young adult novel of the same name. There had been rumours that the movie, targeting the same teen audience as the blockbuster "Hunger Games" and "Twilight"

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franchises, might disappoint at the box office. But its director Neil Burger and star actress Shailene Woodley will be relieved with a relatively strong debut return on the movie's estimated $85 million budget. "divergent," a sequel to which is already in the works, easily beat "Muppets Most Wanted," which earned $17 million in its first weekend. The box office debut for Kermit and Co's latest outing compared to $29 million earned by 2011's "The Muppets" on its first weekend. Tina Fey, Ty Burrell and Ricky Gervais star in a European adventure in which a Russianaccented Kermit look-alike takes the Muppet gang for a ride.

Coming in third was animated film "Mr Peabody & Sherman," based on characters from the 1960s television cartoon "Rocky and Bullwinkle." Slipping from last week's firstplace spot, the film earned $11.8 million in its third weekend, figures from Exhibitor Relations showed. In its first weekend in theatres, the religiously themed "God's Not dead," which tells the story of a college freshman who debates with his atheist philosophy professor, debuted in fourth place with $9.2 million. Ancient Greece fantasy-action movie "300: Rise of an Empire," the gory follow-up to the 2007 hit "300," landed in fifth with $8.5 million.


14 SPORTS

Wednesday, 26 March, 2014

Smith, Badree Send BangladeSh craShing CHITTAGONG

W

Scoreboard

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est Indies had batted poorly against India in a sevenwicket defeat on Sunday. Their batsmen didn't look entirely convincing against Bangladesh either, but they scored 171, thanks to Dwayne Smith's 43-ball 72 and some amateurish work in the field. The target proved well beyond the reach of the hosts, who were bowled out for 98. Dew, which had been a big factor in Mushfiqur Rahim sending West Indies in at the toss, barely played a role as Samuel Badree, Sunil Narine and Krishmar Santokie - a left-arm seamer by definition but a quickish left-arm spinner in reality - had no difficulty in gripping the ball in achieving figures of 12-0-49-8 between them. Badree and Santokie sent back three of Bangladesh's most dangerous batsmen within first four overs. Tamim Iqbal went first, driving Badree uppishly to a diving Dwayne Bravo at mid-off. Bravo would later throw an even harsher light on the gulf between the two fielding sides by hurling himself to his right at point to grab a low one-handed catch and dismiss Mushfiqur. Before that, though, Santokie struck twice in two balls with his slower offcutters. First, he spun it past the groping outside edge of the right-handed Anamul Haque for Denesh Ramdin to effect a brilliant stumping, then spun his next ball through the gate of the left-handed Shakib Al Hasan. Bangladesh were 16 for 3 in 3.2 overs and the match, as a contest, was over. Mominul Haque and Mushfiqur fought on for the next six overs, but the required

WeST INdIeS dr Smith c al-amin Hossain b Mahmudullah 72 48 cH Gayle c Tamim Iqbal b Ziaur rahman LMP Simmons st †Mushfiqur rahim b Shakib al Hasan 0 18 MN Samuels c Sohag Gazi b al-amin Hossain dJG Sammy* not out 14 ad russell c Shakib al Hasan b al-amin Hossain 0 0 dJ bravo c Tamim Iqbal b al-amin Hossain d ramdin† run out (†Mushfiqur rahim/Ziaur rahman) 0 19 eXTraS (b 10, lb 1, w 7, nb 1) ToTaL (7 wickets; 20 overs) 171 dId NoT baT SP Narine, S badree, K Santokie FaLL oF WIcKeTS 1-97 (Smith, 11.5 ov), 2-98 (Simmons, 12.0 ov), 3-151 (Gayle, 18.1 ov), 4-167 (Samuels, 19.1 ov), 5-167 (russell, 19.2 ov), 6-168 (bravo, 19.4 ov), 7-171 (ramdin, 19.6 ov) boWLING: Mashrafe Mortaza 4-0-25-0, al-amin Hossain 4-021-3, Sohag Gazi 4-0-38-0, Sabbir rahman 1-0-12-0, Mahmudullah 3-0-27-1, Shakib al Hasan 3-0-21-1, Ziaur rahman 1-0-16-1 baNGLadeSH 5 Tamim Iqbal c bravo b badree anamul Haque st †ramdin b Santokie 10 Mominul Haque c Santokie b Narine 16 0 Shakib al Hasan b Santokie 22 Mushfiqur rahim*† c bravo b badree

rate was always running away from Bangladesh. Once the two were dismissed, Badree - who finished with four wickets and the rest of West Indies' attack had no trouble running through the rest. In the end, the margin of victory reflected Bangladesh's inadequacies rather than anything spectacular from West Indies. Having been sent in, West Indies, for most part, had struggled to put Bangladesh's bowlers away on a slow pitch. Smith, who had scratched his way to 11 off 29 balls against India, was in much better touch though, and provided West Indies impetus that they never lost despite their two best batsmen - Gayle and Marlon Samuels - facing 70 balls between them for 66. Smith profited from some poor bowl-

Sabbir rahman c Sammy b badree 1 Mahmudullah c Simmons b badree 1 9 Ziaur rahman b russell 11 Sohag Gazi b russell 19 Mashrafe Mortaza c bravo b Santokie al-amin Hossain not out 0 eXTraS: (lb 1, w 3) 4 98 ToTaL: (all out; 19.1 overs) FaLL oF WIcKeTS: 1-14 (Tamim Iqbal, 2.3 ov), 2-16 (anamul Haque, 3.1 ov), 3-16 (Shakib al Hasan, 3.2 ov), 4-51 (Mominul Haque, 9.1 ov), 5-57 (Sabbir rahman, 10.1 ov), 6-58 (Mushfiqur rahim, 10.3 ov), 7-59 (Mahmudullah, 10.6 ov), 8-73 (Ziaur rahman, 14.3 ov), 9-97 (Mashrafe Mortaza, 18.5 ov), 10-98 (Sohag Gazi, 19.1 ov) boWLING: S badree 4-0-15-4, K Santokie 4-0-17-3, MN Samuels 1-0-9-0, dJG Sammy 1-0-6-0, SP Narine 4-0-17-1, dJ bravo 3-0-23-0, ad russell 2.1-0-10-2 Match details ToSS: bangladesh, who chose to field PoINTS: West Indies 2, bangladesh 0 PLayer oF THe MaTcH: dr Smith (West Indies) UMPIreS: ra Kettleborough (england) and NJ Llong (england) TV UMPIre: rK Illingworth (england) MaTcH reFeree: rS Madugalle (Sri Lanka) reSerVe UMPIre: HdPK dharmasena (Sri Lanka)

ing, particularly from Sohag Gazi. Smith greeted the offspinner by sweeping him for two fours off his first two balls, both of which were directed towards leg stump, a dodgy idea with fine leg in the circle. In the 10th over, Smith struck him for four successive fours. He manufactured the first - a reverse-sweep off a decent ball, but the next three came from ordinary deliveries that would have disappeared in any format of the game. The last of these, a flat-batted sweep, took Smith to 50. The landmark had come up in 34 balls. Despite this, West Indies' run rate, at the end of the 10th over, was still under eight an over. At the other end, Gayle was playing a bizarre innings. It wasn't a surprise that he was slow off the blocks - he

usually is before picking up the rate later. That simply didn't happen today. Part of this had to do with Gayle struggling to time the ball on a slow pitch, and part of it had to do with intent - unless the ball was in his hitting zone, he simply didn't go after it. He was slow between the wickets too, and appeared in some discomfort, suggesting he might not have been fully fit. After Smith's dismissal in the 12th

STREET CHILD WORLD CUP 2014: Brazil beckons for Pakistan´s street kid footballers JayaSuriya reconcileS With Senior playerS

KARACHI: PIA Managing Director Muhammad Junaid Yunus along with PIA General Manager Sports Mehdi Changezi and PIA Hockey team Manager Shahid Ali Khan with the trophies won by the team at Brigadier Atif tournament Sargodha and Doha Friendship festival 2014. PRESS RELEASE

WAWRINKA TARGETS DAVIS CUP TRIUMPH FOR SWISS

SPORTS DESK

SPORTS DESK Sri Lanka's selectors have reconciled with Mahela Jayawardene and Kumar Sangakkara, after their displeasure at not being informed of the senior players' Twenty20 retirement plans had played out in public. Chief selector Sanath Jayasuriya said he had spoken to both players at length and sorted out the issue. "I had a very good chat with Sanga and Mahela. There was a small miscommunication from their part also, but nothing like that will happen again," Jayasuriya said. "They have never had any problems with the selection committee, and they had always wanted to be in touch with me. But after this we had a very good talk." Both Jayasuriya and fellowselector Pramodya Wickaramasinghe had publically expressed dismay at learning of the retirements through media. Sangakkara had told a local paper "I won't be playing T20 internationals after [World T20]," in the days before the team departed for the tournament, before Jayawardene announced his retirement through the ICC's Twitter Mirror campaign, around 24 hours after the team touched down in Bangladesh. "Sanga said he didn't mean to officially announce his retirement, and he only said it was his last tour," Jayasuriya said. "So I know what happened, and we understand each other." In the same interview in which Sangakkara had spoken of quitting T20s, he had said he would consult with selectors and the board before finalising the timing of his ODI retirement. In a response to a local report on Jayasuriya's reaction on learning the news second-hand, Jayawardene had said he had decided to announce his retirement just ahead of the tournament in Bangladesh, and also "in an informal manner as I had always planned".

over, Mushfiqur brought on Shakib Al Hasan for the first time, and the left-arm spinner struck first ball getting Lendl Simmons stumped down the leg side as he went off on a strange wander out of the crease. In came Samuels, who added 53 in 37 balls with Gayle even though neither batsman looked particularly threatening, as Bangladesh's fielding disintegrated despite two blinders from Tamim.

KARACHI STaFF rePorT

Sixteen-year-old Mohammad Salman thought he was destined to live his life on the mean streets of Karachi, addicted to drugs, begging for survival and with no prospects for a better future. Now he is set to represent Pakistan in the second edition of the Street Child World Cup, which starts in Brazil this week. "In my past life I was like a street urchin, using drugs, running away from school and studies. I was an addict," said Salman, who left home at age 13 after fighting with his parents. "We didn´t know what we were doing and what we should do. I was staying away from home." Salman´s salvation came after he was spotted by the non-profit NGO that rehabilitates street children in the sprawling Pakistani metropolis of 18 million. "They helped develop my interest in football," he said. "I´m excited to be part of the Street Child World Cup." A British non-profit organisation, convinced football´s governing body FIFA to initiate the Street Child World Cup in 2010. The first edition was held in South Africa ahead of the 2010 World Cup and featured Brazil, South Africa, Nicaragua, Ukraine, India, the Philippines, Tanzania and a team from England. India won the in-

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augural event, which proved so successful that it was decided to hold it ahead of every football World Cup. The second edition will be hosted by Rio de Janeiro from Friday until April 6. The seven-a-side Street Child World Cup, to be held in football´s spiritual heartland, represents a far cry from roadside matches in Karachi with rocks used for goal posts. Away from the pitch, organisers plan to host celebrity guests, a youth participation conference and exhibits featuring Brazilian artists. Getting Pakistan a place in the tournament gave the children a tangible goal to work toward, said Iftan Maqbool of the Azad Foundation. "It has turned out to a worthwhile exercise and now our goal is to earn recognition for Pakistan," he said. According to the Foundation, Karachi is home to roughly 200,000 street children, many of whom fall into gangs linked to political parties engaged in a bloody battle for control over the city. Coach Abdul Rasheed admitted the task of motivating children from such troubled backgrounds was sometimes challenging. "It was tough when we first threw a football at them," said Rasheed. "They were not consistent in their efforts but we kept our mission and regrouped these kids into a team," he said. "We have worked hard on these kids before going to Brazil and the aim is to fight for the trophy as well as for recognition.”

Australian Open champion Stanislas Wawrinka had already achieved one lifetime dream, now he is targetting another career milestone by winning the Davis Cup for Switzerland. The world number three stormed to his first grand slam title in Melbourne in January, beating Spain's Rafa Nadal in the final having ousted reigning champion Novak Djokovic en route. Immediately after the Australian Open, Wawrinka was joined by 17-times grand slam champion Roger Federer for Switzerland's Davis Cup World Group first round tie against a weakened Serbia side - the Swiss going through with ease. The Swiss now face Kazakhstan with a growing feeling that wit the duo branded "Federinka" in tandem they can go all the way to the final for the only the second time. "There is one goal that I have for many years. It's the Davis Cup," Wawrinka, who is playing at the Sony Open in Miami this week, told the ITF website. "Now Roger is playing, so we know that we are a strong team to do something. We'll need to be careful, but we have a good chance to make a big result this year, and that's so far the most important goal." Federer has slipped below friend Wawrinka in the ATP rankings but has started the year in fine style and surprised many with his last-minute decision to play in the first round tie against Serbia, having opted out last year. It revealed his desire to win the only major trophy to elude him and with a tie against the Kazakhs to come next month the 32year-old is on course to do it this year. Wawrinka has showed a few signs of an Australian Open hangover, however, and will be anxious to make another big statement in Miami this week having lost disappointingly in Indian Wells to South African Kevin Anderson when he admitted his attitude had been poor. "I need to focus on what I did before to win the Australian Open," Wawrinka said. "That means I need to focus with my coach, try to improve my game, try to be 100 percent every day on the court, try to always fight, always try to be at my best in every match.


SPORTS 15

Wednesday, 26 March, 2014

KieSWetter BacK With SenSe of purpoSe

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EFORE England had a dashing young wicketkeeper-batsman from Somerset, they had a dashing young wicketkeeperbatsman via Somerset. Craig Kieswetter's three years in the England set-up were, in his own words, "tumultuous" and there almost seems an illusory quality to the memory of his Man of the Match performance in the final of the 2010 World T20. Yet, more than 12 months since he was displaced by his former team-mate Jos Buttler in England's limited-overs sides, Kieswetter has rejoined the squad in Bangladesh with a clearer sense of purpose. A replacement for the injured Luke Wright, Kieswetter could again make a late bid to force his way into the World T20 XI on the back of a game that has moved on from the days of his early big hits. It may not quite have been a case of too much too young but the beginning to Kieswetter's international career was still pretty special. Then came the period of artistic struggle, dropped from the oneday side before the 2011 World Cup, shuffled down the order after his return and finally usurped by Buttler for good in

India at the start of 2013 - Ashley Giles' first tour in charge. His T20 career stalled at the previous tournament in Sri Lanka, when he was reduced to blocking or swinging wildly, his last innings a miserable 4 off 14 balls. Michael Lumb, his mucker at the top of the order in the Caribbean (they both made their debuts in the same game), subsequently returned to the side and has since formed one of the most successful opening partnerships in the short history of the shortest format with Alex Hales. It was in Bangladesh, when Kieswetter was just 22, that he made his England debut and Chittagong where he scored his only international century to date. "We had the Lions tour in Dubai and I did pretty well and then the Lions played England and Lumby and I did okay and I got selected," Kieswetter said. "In my third ODI I got a hundred and then we won the World Cup and I got man of the match in the final so my career started on such a high, an unexpected high for any player I think." Then came the first low. "I remember we played five ODIs against Australia and three against Bangladesh back in the UK and I think I scored 121 runs in eight innings, so to go from one extreme to the complete opposite - mentally it is really

tough. Your game does not change technically, you can still hit the ball as well, but mentally being able to deal with the positives and negatives - especially in the media and from the public - it leaves self-doubt rather than anything else and as a young player you have self-doubt anyway as a player and a person, so it was a real challenge. In hindsight I don't think I was quite ready for the mental challenge of being with the pros and cons really." In order to better cope with the rigours of success and failure that all sportsmen must endure, Kieswetter has been working with Jon Pitts, a mental coach with a background in equestrianism and football. The focus was on achieving greater consistency but he has also attempted to improve areas of his technique, such as manipulating the field and rotating the strike. Such upgrades to his cruder power game have apparently reawakened England's interest, if a little belatedly. Last year, Kieswetter finished as the leading runscorer in the Friends Life t20, including 19 sixes (behind only Ben Stokes), and he performed creditably for Brisbane Heat in the Big Bash League over the winter. That success has come as an opener, though he said he would be "happy to bowl first change" if it meant an England return.

SERENA, SHARAPOVA AGAIN ON MIAMI COLLISION COURSE SPORTS DESK

SRINIVASAN'S RESIGNATION LIKELY, SAY BCCI OFFICIALS SPORTS DESK Three senior BCCI officials have conceded that the board president N Srinivasan's resignation was imminent, following the Supreme Court's observation that he should "step down" so that the investigation into corruption allegations in the IPL could proceed fairly. "At this point, it's a Supreme Court observation. If the Court passes an order to that effect, then he will have to abide by that," BCCI vice-president Ravi Savant told ESPNcricinfo. "The Board won't be able to do anything about it. As of now, it's entirely up to him to decide whether to take cognisance of the observation or wait for the order." Another vicepresident, Chitrak Mitra, said it will be a matter of time before Srinivasan has to resign. "The court is yet to pass the order. But it is now up to him (Srinivasan)," he said. "The court has asked him to step down. Otherwise it will pass an order. It is not good for the BCCI." If Srinivasan steps down before the next AGM, an eligible candidate from the south zone will have to replace him. In such a scenario Shivlal Yadav, the vice-president from the south zone, will be the frontrunner for the BCCI president's post. "I am ready to accept any responsibility," Yadav said. "Once the apex court passes an order, nobody can challenge it. Still, I would say let us wait for two days [until the next hearing] and then we will have more clarity and we all can react to it in a better way." Despite Yadav's willingness, nobody in the BCCI was sure about the way forward. The secretary Sanjay Patel skipped the Asian Cricket Council meeting in Dubai and rushed to Chennai, and treasurer Anirudh Chaudhary is likely to reach Chennai at the earliest, putting aside IPL preparations in the UAE. "No one knows what can be done now," a senior official said. "We know what has happened to Subrata Roy. He defied the court's order and look where he is now." A former BCCI president said it was up to Srinivasan whether to resign or not. "It is a totally personal one. His own decision," he said. "I have heard that there is likely to be a (emergent) meeting. But at least a day's notice is required. So far I am yet to receive particulars of any meeting."

World number one Serena Williams led a stampede of top seeds into the quarter-finals of the Sony Open but big sister and three-time Miami champion Venus could not join the party. On a day that saw play interrupted by rain, it seemed nothing could stop the cream of women's tennis from rising to the top with Williams, a six-times Miami champion, Australian Open winner Li Na, third seed Agnieszka Radwanska, five-time runner-up Maria Sharapova and fifth seed Angelique Kerber all moving into the last eight. But Serena's big sister Venus Williams could not complete the family double falling 6-1 5-7 6-3 to Slovakian 10th seed Dominika Cibulkova just as the centre court clock was about to strike midnight. While Serena Williams and Sharapova clashed in last year's Miami final there will be no championship rematch this Saturday with the American and Russian on the same side of the draw and closing in on a semi-final showdown. After getting her title defence off to a slow start, Williams, who lives an hour's drive from the Crandon Park Tennis Center and considers the event her home tournament, stepped it up a gear against Coco Vandeweghe, sweep-

ing past the young American qualifier 6-3 6-1 in 79 minutes. "I was definitely happier today," Williams said. "I was really struggling my first two matches, so I just wanted to have a better performance today. "Going into the match I knew I could only do better. That kind of helped out, too." Li was no less ruthless, the Chinese world number two demolishing Spain's Carla Suarez Navarro 6-0 6-2 in 61 minutes while Radwanska grinded out a 7-6 (5) 5-7 6-2 victory over Ukraine's Elina Svitolina. Kerber also needed three sets to get past Russian Ekaterina Makarova 6-4 1-6 6-3. Fourth seed Sharapova got a much-needed wake-up call after sleep-walking her way through the opening set before dispatching Belgian Kirsten Flipkens 3-6 6-4 6-1. Former world number one and 12th seed Ana Ivanovic seemed headed for a quarter-final berth after comfortably taking the first set against eighth seed Czech Petra Kvitova but fell apart after that, committing 11 double faults en route to a stunning 3-6 6-0 6-0 loss. Williams, a minority owner of the National Football League's Miami Dolphins, once again stepped onto the court dressed in her team's turquoise and orange colours and kicked off the match by claiming the only break of the opening set for the early lead.

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In the second set, Williams simply blitzed Vandeweghe, overpowering the 22-year-old who managed to hold her serve just once against the 17-times Grand Slam winner. "It doesn't feel great (playing bad tennis)," said Williams. "That also gave me confidence to know if I'm winning these matches when I'm playing some of the worst tennis I have personally played in the past couple of years, then, you know, it gave me a lot of hope. "I'm in a better mood now. It was impossible for me to be in a good mood after I played those last matches." Sharapova, playing the first match of the day on a drowsy and overcast centre court, appeared to have trouble getting up for her fourthround contest, as did many of the ticket holders with only a few hundred spectators sprinkled across the quiet stadium as play began. "I started off ... probably looked like it was too early," Sharapova said. "I usually like playing first match on, but I didn't start off the way I wanted to. "Nothing was working. Just the way it went in the beginning." Flipkens certainly came ready to play and broke a misfiring Sharapova at the first opportunity and again to go up 4-0 with the help of back-to-back double faults from the Russian. In the second set, a suddenly alert

and focused Sharapova turned the tables on the 19th seeded Belgian as she raced in front 4-0 on a pair of breaks on way to leveling the match. Trailing 3-1 in the third set, Flipkens had a glorious opportunity to get back into the contest after going up 040 on Sharapova's serve but was unable to convert on any of her four break chances. Sharapova weathered the storm then closed out the match by sweeping the next two games to reach the last eight. "You want to be able to hold the winner's trophy, but you also know the matches that you got through to get in the position to get to the final stage," said Sharapova. "I had my opportunities. "It's not like I didn't have my opportunities in those finals. I just didn't take them."

Sony open reSultS Fourth round 10-dominika cibulkova (Slovakia) beat 29-Venus Williams (U.S.) 6-1 5-7 6-3 11-caroline Wozniacki (denmark) beat Varvara Lepchenko (U.S.) 6-0 6-1 2-Li Na (china) beat 15-carla Suarez Navarro (Spain) 6-0 6-2 3-agnieszka radwanska (Poland) beat elina Svitolina (Ukraine) 7-6(5) 5-7 6-2 8-Petra Kvitova (czech republic) beat 12-ana Ivanovic (Serbia) 3-6 6-0 6-0 1-Serena Williams (U.S.) beat coco Vandeweghe (U.S.) 6-3 6-1 5-angelique Kerber (Germany) beat 23-ekaterina Makarova (russia) 6-4 1-6 6-3 4-Maria Sharapova (russia) beat 19-Kirsten Flipkens (belgium) 3-6 6-4 6-1


SPORTS Wednesday, 25 March, 2014

Pietersen was being 'honest': tremlett

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EvIN Pietersen was just being "honest" during the heated team meeting in Melbourne, which appeared to play a significant part in his being sacked after the tour of Australia, according to team-mate Chris Tremlett. After losing the Ashes in Perth, the England players held a meeting among themselves, without the presence of team management, to try and map out a way forward. It has since emerged that Pietersen was among the most forthright at the meeting and the comments made their way back to Andy Flower. Few confirmed facts are known about the reasons behind Pietersen's sacking due to confidentially clauses on both sides which will expire in October. It is believed that there was not one single incident that led Paul Downton, the managing director of England cricket, into the decision to end Pietersen's international career, but instead a number of smaller issues that built

up to make the ECB decide that England's future was better off without him. Tremlett, who remains a team-mate of Pietersen's at Surrey, said it was a "shame" that the batsman would no longer appear in England colours and hoped he would prove the decision wrong. "I don't think he did anything wrong apart from voice his opinion," Tremlett said. "We had some honest chats and Kevin is a pretty honest character. "When times are tough and you're in a squad like that, sometimes people find it hard to express themselves but Kevin isn't one of those people. He's not afraid to say what's going on or to tell it how it is. "I don't know whether that is why Kevin has been shot down but it is a shame that he isn't able to play for England anymore‌ hopefully he goes out, scores lots of runs and proves England wrong." Pietersen will be playing for a Surrey side now coached by his mentor Graham Ford, who believes the county's young batsmen will benefit hugely from playing alongside him. "When they do get an opportunity to

Netherlands down but not out: Borren Chittagong AGENCIES

A storm drenched Chittagong on Monday evening but Netherlands had been blown away long before then. The side that made history last week during a stunning chase against Ireland set another record against Sri Lanka in their first match of the Super 10 stage, bowled out for 39, the lowest total in T20 internationals. From the ridiculously sublime to the plain ridiculous. Peter Borren, the Netherlands captain who has already experienced a number of highs and lows at the World T20, was at a loss to explain how a batting line-up that had made 193 for 4 in 13.5 overs could tumble to 39 all out in 10.3 a few days later. The quality of the bowling was one element, with Lasith Malinga and Ajantha Mendis snaffling five of the cheapest wickets after Angelo Mathews made three early incisions. "We batted poorly. You've got to give yourselves a bit of a chance when you go out there, assess conditions, assess the bowlers and we didn't do that, " Borren said. "We played too many shots early and we were 1 for 3 - you can't leave your middle to late order to face Malinga and Mendis, the top order had to take more responsibility. Maybe we got a bit carried away, anyone can get out early but it was the way we were getting out that was poor." Borren admitted embarrassment at the performance, although it is worth noting that Sri Lanka have a habit of summarily crushing the smaller teams at global tournaments - the three lowest ODI scores were all made against Sri Lanka. Expectations had risen after Netherlands became the only Associate side in the second round and Borren said the

team would still be aiming to take down a Full Member in their three remaining games. "Because this was a pretty embarrassing performance, the temptation could be to sit back and try and get through the rest of the games without making absolute idiots of ourselves. For me, that's not an option," he said. "I look at our top order and we have guys there who can really play and have played at this level and done fine before. This is my fourth World Cup and this is the first time something like this has happened. I know this team can play, I believe in this team and I hope we can show that in the next three games. It certainly won't be a case of damage limitation. "We don't have an awful lot of experience at this level, however, we're better cricketers than that. We're not going in to every other game thinking about damage limitation, we're going to go and try to make an upset, we've got players in our team who are capable of that and hopefully that will show. Right now we feel a bit embarrassed about that, we've let down ourselves and also Associate cricket. Let's hope we can do better in the next few games." Borren made his ODI debut in a match where Sri Lanka racked up 443, still the highest one-day score, although the Dutch at least passed 200 in reply (and Malinga's eight overs went wicketless). He described this innings, which lasted an hour only due to a tenminute power cut, as "a slow-motion car crash" and said the top-order failed to shield the tail from Malinga and Mendis. "You can't let your lower-order batters play against those two, because they'll just eat them for breakfast. "I think I was standing there in the dugout, at the end of six overs, and it was 11 for 4 [15 for 4]," he said. "I walked off at the end of the six overs in the last game at 91 for 1. It's definitely a rollercoaster, we were on a bit of a high... Sri Lanka are a good side. But if we'd batted like we just did against Ireland we would have got thrashed. It's not like we haven't faced guys bowling 130kph outswingers before and we were just chipping them to cover and hitting them straight up in the air, so it's a bit strange. It's definitely a rollercoaster." Dinesh Chandimal, Sri Lanka's captain, was understandably chipper afterwards, noting how difficult it was for the smaller teams to face bowlers as unorthodox as Malinga and Mendis. "They come in and put in those performances every time," he said. "They played really good, we never underestimate anyone." Asked if they could repeat the trick against England, who are on a particularly poor run of form, on Thursday, in a game where victory would effectively seal them a spot in the semi-finals, Chandimal grinned. "We'll have to do the correct things," he said. "We will try do that, we'll have to see." Published by Arif Nizami at Qandeel Printing Press, 4 Queens Road, Lahore.

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bat with him it will be a masterclass and a great chance to learn," he said. "He's a good enough player to prove a point in any format. He'll certainly entertain and it will be great for the fans to come down and have a look at him and see just how good he is. "Unfortunately he's got to move on from international cricket. The news was surprising. I don't really know what went on, but I have known Kevin for a long time and I've always found him to be a very positive individual and I'm sure he's going to be extremely positive in our dressing room.'' Pietersen's sacking was just one of the fall-outs of a horrific Australia tour for England which also brought the end of Flower's time as head coach, included Graeme Swann's mid-series retirement, saw Jonathan Trott return home after the first Test and had Steven Finn's form disappear to such an extent that he could not be selected. Tremlett, who played the opening Test in Brisbane before carrying drinks for the rest of the series, was just glad when it all ended.

E paper 26th march (lhr)