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Word for a word, bullet for a bullet

Fazlullah says govt must take the first step 30 terrorists taken down in North and South Waziristan

STORIES ON PAGE 03

Wednesday, 26 February, 2014 Rabi-us-Sani 24, 1435 Rs 17.00 Vol IV No 240 16 Pages Islamabad Edition

Altaf wants military to take over country STORY ON PAGE 03

PHC tells PTI it can’t go on violating people’s rights

No U-turn on Syria policy, Sartaj Aziz tells NA

Iran committed to gas agreement with Pakistan: minister

Nigerian Islamists kill 29 pupils in boarding school attack

The Peshawar High Court (PHC) on Tuesday declared the blockade of NATO supply routes in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa by the ruling Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) and its allies as illegal and unconstitutional. A twomember bench comprising Justice Yahya Afridi and Justice Malik Manzoor Hussain gave the ruling on a petition filed by Haji Lal Muhammad, a trader exporting... PAGE 02

Adviser on National Security and Foreign Affairs Sartaj Aziz on Tuesday rejected allegations that Pakistan was considering sale of weapons to Saudi Arabia for use in Syria, saying the impression of Islamabad succumbing to Saudi pressure was wrong. Making a policy statement in the National Assembly (NA), Aziz said Pakistan is a responsible state and sells arms only through legal... PAGE 02

Iran is committed to its gas agreement with Pakistan, Iranian Oil Minister Bijan Namdar Zanganeh said on Tuesday, a day after his Pakistani counterpart Shahid Khaqan Abbasi told the National Assembly that the project could not be taken up because of international sanctions on Iran. Zanganeh said that Pakistan has not officially informed Iran about its intentions... PAGE 02

Gunmen from Islamist group Boko Haram stormed a boarding school in northeast Nigeria overnight and killed 29 pupils, many of whom died in flames as the school was burned to the ground, police and the military said on Tuesday. “Some of the students’ bodies were burned to ashes,” Police Commissioner Sanusi Rufai said of the attack on the Federal Government college... PAGE 04


02 NEWS SC summons Deputy AG in suo motu case of contaminated cancer-diagnostic injections ISLAMABAD INP

Chief Justice of Pakistan Tassaduq Hussain Jillani took notice of a media report over the supply of contaminated cancer-diagnostic injections by Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (Pinstech). CJ Jillani summoned the Deputy Attorney General to appear before the court in this regard on 26 February (today). According to the news report, the injections are contaminated with a radio-nuclide that could cause cancer instead of diagnosing it. The news report had added that each year, thousands of patients are administered this injection, Technetium-99m Generator (also known as TC-Generator), produced at Pinstech. TC-Generator is used for imaging and studying organs such as brain, heart muscles, thyroids, lungs, liver, gallbladder, kidneys as well as skeleton and blood for detecting signs of cancer. Muhammad Riaz Pasha, former Principal Scientist at Pinstech, wrote a complain to the Supreme Court of Pakistan and brought the issue to light. Pasha oversaw quality control procedures of Mo99, an integral component of TC-Generator. “A number of Mo99—Tc99 batches supplied to various cancer hospitals were contaminated with undesirable radio nuclides such as Cesium-137, Strontium90/Yetrium-90 and Ruthinium-103,” he wrote in the complaint. “The (final) results are not based on actual analysis but are tempered to appease the seniors/high ups for receiving certifications and licenses from PNRA (Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority),” he further stated in his complaint.

Balochistan govt to set up 2,000 girls school with UNICEF help QUETTA STAFF REPORT

The Balochistan government has decided to establish 2,000 girls schools across the province with the technical and financial support of the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) and Global Partnership. Girls’ schools would be established in Balochistan’s backward and far-flung areas. “Global Partnership has already decided to provide 34 million dollars in this regard,” Sanaullah Panezai, Unicef’s Balochistan chief on education said on Tuesday. Moreover, Adviser to the Chief Minister Balochistan on Education, Sardar Raza Muhammad Bareech stated that the education department has evolved a strategy with the financial and technical support of UNICEF other organisations to make sure provision of education to children of the province. “Our government’s priority is education,” he said, adding that all out efforts were being made to ensure early childhood education in the province. He stated that Global Partnership has committed the amount to educate kids of Balochistan. Sardar Bareech said that the recently prepared Balochistan Education Sector Plan was endorsed by all donor agencies and organisations working for the promotion of education in the country. “We are decentralising powers to districts to solve issues relating to the education on priority basis”, he added. “We are striving to open new schools and make functional the dysfunctional schools”, he said that under the new plan 300 primary and middle schools would also be upgraded. According to government of Balochistan 2.3 million children were still out of schools in the province, plagued by continued Baloch insurgency and growing sectarianism. “These schools would be set up within three years time,” Panezai said.

Wednesday, 26 February, 2014

PhC tEllS PtI It CAN’t Go oN vIolAtING PEoPlE’S rIGhtS VERDICT SAYS PTI, ALLIES’ BLOCKADE OF NATO SUPPLIES ILLEGAL AND UNCONSTITUTIONAL PESHAWAR SAJJAD AlI

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HE Peshawar High Court (PHC) on Tuesday declared the blockade of NATO supply routes in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa by the ruling Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) and its allies as illegal and unconstitutional.

SAYS GOVT SHOULD SAFEGUARD RIGHT OF FREEDOM TO MOVEMENT AND OTHER HUMAN RIGHTS A two-member bench comprising Justice Yahya Afridi and Justice Malik Manzoor Hussain gave the ruling on a petition filed by Haji Lal Muhammad, a trader exporting various items to Afghanistan, through his lawyer Shah Nawaz Khan under Article 199 of the Constitution of Pakistan, challenging the blocking of NATO supply lines. The pe-

titioner said that blockade of the supply routes for the last 95 days was illegal and had caused massive financial losses to the local traders. In its verdict, the PHC said that the blockade by supporters of a political party was illegal and the government should safeguard the right of freedom of movement along with other human rights. The court further said in its verdict that the forcible stopping of trucks carrying NATO equipment was also illegal. The PTI had imposed the blockade across the province on November 23 in protest against the US drone strike in Hangu on Nov 21, 2013 in which six people, including members of the feared Haqqani Network were killed and eight others were wounded. The PTI and its

No U-turn on Syria policy, Sartaj Aziz tells NA

close allies, the Jamaat-e-Islami and Awami Jamhoori Ittehad had then set up camps at five points in four districts of the province to stop the NATO supplies. PTI TO REVIEW ORDER ON 27th: Commenting on the PHC order, PTI Secretary Information Shireen Mazari said her party’s core committee would review the matter on February 27. “PTI respects the law and higher judiciary unlike the present and previous governments who have yet to implement the PHC judgement against drones in which the government was asked to block NATO supplies and even shoot down a drone if the US did not stop these drone attacks. PTI’s blockade of NATO supplies was in keeping with this judgement,” Mazari said in a statement.

GrENADE FoUND From rAIl trACk NEAr IrANIAN CoNSUlAtE

ISLAMABAD

PESHAWAR

STAFF REPORT

STAFF REPORT

Adviser on National Security and Foreign Affairs Sartaj Aziz on Tuesday rejected allegations that Pakistan was considering sale of weapons to Saudi Arabia for use in Syria, saying the impression of Islamabad succumbing to Saudi pressure was wrong. Making a policy statement in the National Assembly (NA), Aziz said Pakistan is a responsible state and sells arms only through legal mechanism and by abiding all relevant national and international regulations. He said the sale of arms requires end user certificate that the recipient would not sell them onward or transfer to any third country. He clarified that the purpose of the visit of the Saudi crown prince to Pakistan was to enhance bilateral cooperation between the two countries in the field of defence. “They already have three agreements regarding exchange of military delegations, training and employment and deputation of defence personnel in Saudi forces,” he said. The adviser urged those spreading “rumours” to act responsibly in national interests and refrain from baseless propaganda. He clarified that the points re-

The Bomb Disposal Squad (BDS) on Tuesday defused a hand grenade recovered by the police on the railway tracks near the Iranian consulate. According to police sources, after Monday’s suicide attack on the Iranian Consulate which killed three paramilitary soldiers and wounded 10 others, a new squad comprising 29 Frontier Corps (FC) personnel was deployed in the area on Tuesday morning. Officials said a patrolling police party found the bomb and the bomb disposal squad was called to defuse it. A police source said the hand grenade recovered from the railway track might actually have been thrown by the suicide bomber who blew himself up in front of the consulate on Monday. A teen suicide bomber had walked up to the checkpost outside the Iranian mission, after parking his car nearby, and then blown himself up after being stopped by security men. The Mast Gul militant group had claimed the responsibility for the attack.

lating to the Syrian conflict contained in PakistanSaudi Arabia joint statement at the conclusion of the visit of the Saudi prince were in line with the consistent policy of Pakistan towards Syrian situation. “Pakistan supports sovereignty and territorial integrity of Syria and cessation of hostilities by all sides,” he said, adding that Pakistan is against interference in the internal affairs of any country or to advance agenda of any other country.

Iran committed to gas agreement with Pakistan, says minister TEHRAN ONlINE

Iran is committed to its gas agreement with Pakistan, Iranian Oil Minister Bijan Namdar Zanganeh said on Tuesday, a day after his Pakistani counterpart Shahid Khaqan Abbasi told the National Assembly that the project could not be taken up because of international sanctions on Iran. Zanganeh said that Pakistan has not officially informed Iran about its intentions. “We will make a decision as soon as it is officially informed to us by Pakistan,” he added. Zanganeh had previously said that he is not optimistic about Tehran’s gas exports to

Islamabad. The peace pipeline project was originally initiated between Iran and Pakistan. Later India expressed some interest in joining the project. The Iranian-Pakistani gas pipeline is projected to cost $1.2-1.5 billion and would enable the export of 21.5 million cubic meters of Iranian natural gas to Pakistan on a daily basis. Iran has already built 900 kilometres of the pipeline on its own soil and is waiting for the construction of 700-kilometre pipeline on the Pakistani side. However, Pakistan has made little progress on laying its leg of the long planned pipeline; largely due to lack of funds for the costly project and US pressure to drop it.

CMYK

JUDGEmENt rESErvED oN GhAzI ABDUl rAShID CASE trANSFEr ISLAMABAD ONlINE

Islamabad High Court (IHC) has reserved judgment on the petition seeking transfer of Abdul Rashid Ghazi murder case from the sessions court to the IHC. The petition in this respect was filed by the Lal Masjid Foundation (LMF). A single bench of the IHC led by Justice Noorul Haq Qureshi heard the case Tuesday. The petition said that Abdul Rashid Ghazi case is the most important case of the country wherein former president Pervez Musharraf has been nominated as accused; the case should be transferred from the sessions court to the IHC. It was pleaded in the petition that Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto case had also been transferred from sessions court to the high court, therefore, this case should also be heard in the IHC, the petitioner prayed. Tariq Asad appeared in the court on behalf of the LMF.


Wednesday, 26 February, 2014

NEWS

03

Word for a word, bullet for a bullet FEDERAL CABINET APPROVES AIRSTRIKES AGAINST MILITANTS CHALLENGING THE STATE AND TALKS FOR THOSE WILLING TO CEASE FIRE APPROVES NIPS, COUNTRY’S FIRST INTERNAL SECURITY DOCTRINE DRAFT WARNS OF POSSIBLE CHEMICAL OR BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS USE BY NON-STATE ACTORS ISLAMABAD MIAN ABRAR

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HE federal cabinet on Tuesday gave a formal approval to the draft of National Internal Policy of Security (NIPS), vowing that surgical strikes would be carried out in response to all terrorist attacks. Well-placed sources told Pakistan Today that NIPS is the improved form of the National Security Policy which was earlier rejected by the cabinet in January. “The cabinet was informed that the military and government were on the same page regarding the two-pronged strategy adopted by the Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz-led government. Under the plan, dialogue process would only be held with

those militant groups who were ready for an unconditional ceasefire while force would be used against those challenging the writ of the government by attacking military personnel and civilians,” sources added. Sources said that the cabinet agreed upon conducting peace talks with those TTP factions willing to talk while military strikes against militants against the dialogue process would be continued to pressurise them into joining the talks. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif in his initial remarks set the tone of the cabinet proceedings, stating that the banned TTP should not take the government’s desire for peace as its weakness and that the writ of the government shall be implemented “at all costs”. Cabinet members from the JUIF, Akram Khan Durrani and Abdul Ghafoor Haideri, did not attend the cabinet meeting in protest against the recent airstrikes in North Waziristan Agency. The prime minister asserted that the government had taken up negotiations with the TTP in “all sincerity and in good faith”, adding that the government had made special arrangements for their assigned committee members to visit NWA for consultation with the Taliban Shura. “But, in response, they attacked our armed forces and innocent civilians. They have made negotiations a fruitless exercise in futility,” he said. The cabinet also agreed that the government would take care of women and children affected during the surgical strikes. Special care will be given to internally displaced persons (IDPs) who are negatively impacted by the aerial strikes. Minister for States and Frontier Regions Abdul Qadir Baloch has been assigned the task to monitor the issues of people migrating from NWA. The cabinet also called for the TTP to announce an unconditional ceasefire and renounce terrorist activities without any preconditions. Interior Minister Chaudhry

Nisar’s match invite to ttP an insult to nation, security forces, says PPP ISLAMABAD: Parliamentarians from the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) on Tuesday submitted an adjournment motion in the National Assembly Secretariat over Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan’s invitation to the banned terrorist outfit, the Tehreek-eTaliban Pakistan (TTP) for a cricket match. PPP’s Imran Legahri, Shazia Marri, Ijaz Jhakrani, Kamal Khan and Abdul Sattar Bachani submitted the motion that declared that Nisar’s statement came at a very sensitive time and was tantamount to insulting the people and security forces of Pakistan. On Monday, the minister had invited TTP to play a cricket match. “I have information that the Taliban keep an interest in cricket. So if this message can go through to them, we can have a cricket match with them which can have a better result,” the minister had told reporters after a friendly cricket match with the diplomatic corps. TTP spokesperson Shahidullah Shahid had rejected the invitation, saying that the sport was turning the youth away from ‘jihad’. STAFF REPORT

Altaf wants military to take over country In a surprising statement on Tuesday, Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) Chairman Altaf Hussain urged the military to take over the country in case the army and government fail to come on the same page over security issues. “We will have to decide between saving Pakistan and democracy,” Altaf Husain stressed in a statement issued from London, adding, “there will be democracy, if there is Pakistan”. The MQM chief stated that he could care less if anyone says he was inviting dictatorship in the country. He said he would rather support the idea of resolution of issues through a dialogue but stressed that “first the writ of the State and Constitution will have to be established; a ceasefire and dialogue come next”. MONITORING DESK

Nisar Ali Khan gave a detailed briefing to the cabinet on the proceedings and developments of the dialogue process with the banned TTP, surgical strikes against terrorists and the future strategy. He will announce the security policy in the National Assembly today (Wednesday). JOINT INTELLIGENCE DIRECTORATE: Sources said that under the new security policy, a joint intelligence directorate would be established to enable exchange of information between various agencies more effectively at federal and provincial levels. Under the five-year plan of the 86-page document of the security policy, the National Counter-Terrorism Authority (NACTA) would be the focal forum for national security, while the heads of the army, air force and the navy would be among members of the NACTA. All decisions

regarding handling of terrorism would be taken at the highest level. The cabinet was informed that following the new security doctrine, Pakistan would become sixth country of the world to have over 600,000 security officials with the strength of 33 national security organisations, including the police and other civil armed forces at the federal as well as the provincial level. The cabinet was informed that Pakistan was the most affected country by terrorism in the world after Iraq or any other Middle East country. It was informed that the scenario in Pakistan was dangerous to the extent that it posed an “existential threat” to the integrity and sovereignty of the State of Pakistan. “From 2001 to 2013, there were 13,721 incidents in Pakistan which is marginally less than Iraq. From 2001 to 2005, there

30 terrorists taken down in North and South Waziristan MILITARY AIRCRAFT CARRY OUT AIRSTRIKES ON TERRORISTS’ TRAINING CAMPS IN DATTA KHEL AND SHAWAL IN NWA PESHAWAR STAFF REPORT

At least 30 militants were eliminated as warplanes pounded their hideouts on Tuesday in the South and North Waziristan agencies. Fighter jets have been bombing targets in the region since the government’s efforts to engage Tehreek-eTaliban Pakistan (TTP) in peace negotiations broke down this month. North Waziristan residents have been moving out of the troubled region, anticipating a full-scale military offensive. They are leaving their homes and villages behind to settle in

more peaceful areas such as Bannu, Kohat and Peshawar. “The death toll from the airstrikes has risen to 30,” a security official said. “The militants had captured a stretch between South Waziristan and North Waziristan and had established training centres where they were also preparing suicide bombers,” he added. “Fifteen were killed in South Waziristan side of the border, while 12 were killed in North Waziristan,” the official said. The airstrikes mainly took place in Datta Khel and Shawal areas of North Waziristan where militant training facilities and compounds are said

LAHORE Pakistan Ulema Council (PUC) at a peace conference on Tuesday asked all the militant groups, including the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), to immediately stop suicide attacks and bombings and demanded the prime minister to play his due role for the success of the dialogue process. The conference, which was chaired by PUC Chairman Allama Tahir Ashrafi

and attended by more than 28 religious and political parties as well as representatives of the minority communities, in a joint statement also demanded the government use diplomatic means to bring back the dead bodies of the 23 FC personnel who were martyred by the TTP on Afghan soil. The statement said, “For the sake of God, the TTP and the government should declare a ceasefire and ensure peace.” It asked the government to make arrangements for boarding and lodging of the people migrating

CMYK

FAzlUllAh SAyS Govt mUSt tAkE thE FIrSt StEP

to be located. It was impossible to verify how many civilians might have been killed or wounded in the attacks. The early morning attack on hideouts in the North and South Waziristan tribal districts were the fourth in a series of airstrikes. On February 23, airstrikes were carried out in the remote Tirah Valley of Khyber Agency in which security forces killed at least 38 militants, including key commanders. Six hideouts were also destroyed. Just a day earlier, on February 22, security forces had carried out shelling on militant hideouts in Thall sub-district of Hangu, killing at least nine insurgents. On February 19, at least 30 suspected insurgents were killed and several others injured as military jets and helicopter gunships had bombed their hideouts in the North Waziristan and Khyber agencies.

SCHOLARS SAY TALIBAN SHOULD CEASE FIRE FIRST STAFF REPORT

were 523 terrorist incidents in Pakistan but from 2007 to November 2013, the total number of incidents has risen to 13,198,” said the draft of security policy. The cabinet was informed that from 2001 to November 2013, 48,994 people were killed in the country including 5,272 personnel of the law-enforcement agencies, a large number of them – 17,642 – having been killed in just three years from 2011 to 2013 including 2,114 personnel of the law enforcement agencies. It also warned of possible chemical or biological weapons use by non-state actors. The draft recommended that existing laws be reviewed in light of existing security threats and religious seminaries be brought under the national fold in terms of curriculum and operation. The draft also mentioned that measures will be taken to prevent the wrong use of social media.

from Waziristan and other tribal areas. Addressing the conference, the speakers said that people from all walks of life and religions played their part in the creation of Pakistan and they too should come forward to bring peace in the country. The joint statement condemned the threats given to non-Muslims staying in Chitral and expressed grief over the martyrdom of the 23 FC personnel. It demanded that the government should bring back all those killed in Afghanistan since 2010.

NORTH WAZIRISTAN/PESHAWAR INP

The ameer of the banned Tehreek-eTaliban Pakistan, Mullah Fazlullah has said his outfit was prepared for serious dialogue, but the government will have to take the first step. According to a report on Tuesday, Fazlullah said if the government took one step, the TTP would take two steps to begin the dialogue. He said the TTP was aware of those who were killing their comrades but was silent in the interest of the country. He alleged that at first, one of their partners was targeted and killed in Islamabad and later it spread to other parts of the country “so that the Mujahideen start fighting each other”, adding that the TTP were ready for dialogue despite such provocations. He said the Western powers were afraid of jihad and wanted to pit the jihadi forces in the Islamic world against each other.


04 NEWS

Wednesday, 26 February, 2014

Pakistan has the highest rate of first day deaths: report LONDON AGENCIES

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AKISTAN has the highest rate of first day deaths and stillbirths in the world at 40.7 per 1,000 births, followed by Nigeria (32.7), Sierra Leone (30.8), Somalia (29.7), Guinea-Bissau (29.4) and Afghanistan (29.0), a report out on Tuesday said. The charity Save the Children said in the report that a million newborn babies a year die within 24 hours, urging governments to tackle preventable deaths. In Pakistan, fewer than half of women had a skilled health worker

present at birth. Attempts to improve this have been dogged by “delays in the salary disbursements, ‘stockouts’ of medicines, unavailable and dysfunctional equipment, and an unhelpful referral system”, the report said. Earlier India had the highest number of first day deaths and stillbirths at 598,038 per year, a quarter of the 2.2 million lives lost. The under-five mortality rate in India has been more than halved since 1990, from 126 per 1,000 live births to 56.1. “(Indian) states with strong health systems and implementation mechanisms have done exceedingly well compared with others,” the report said.

The report by the British-based organisation said 6.6 million children around the world died in 2012 before their fifth birthday, mostly from preventable causes. The number has almost halved from the 12.6 million in 1990, but there remains a “deplorable problem of lack of attention to babies in their first days of life”, the aid organisation said. In its report, entitled “Ending Newborn Deaths”, it said one million babies did not survive their first 24 hours of life in 2012. It said two million babies could be saved each year if preventable newborn mortality was ended.

Obama orders Afghan pullout planning

CAIRO

WASHINGTON

AGENCIES

SpECIAl CorrESpoNdENt

After months of frustrations with Kabul over the fate of bilateral security agreement, President Barack Obama has ordered the Pentagon to have plans in place for the possibility of full American withdrawal from Afghanistan by the end of the year. In a telephonic call with President Hamid Karzai, the US leader also said if Washington and Kabul conclude a BSA, America will have a limited post-2014 mission focused on training, advising, and assisting Afghan forces and going after the remnants of core al Qaeda. “With regard to the Bilateral Security Agreement, in advance of the NATO Defense Ministerial, President Obama told President Karzai that because he has demonstrated that it is unlikely that he will sign the BSA, the United States is moving forward with additional contingency planning,” the White House said after Obama called Karzai.

Outgoing housing minister named Egypt’s new prime minister

“Specifically, President Obama has asked the Pentagon to ensure that it has adequate plans in place to accomplish an orderly withdrawal by the end of the year should the United States not keep any troops in Afghanistan after 2014,” the White House statement added. A readout of the call noted that “At the same time, should we have a BSA and a willing and committed partner in the Afghan government, a limited post-2014 mission focused on training, advising, and assisting Afghan forces and going after

the remnants of core Al Qaeda could be in the interests of the United States and Afghanistan. “Therefore, we will leave open the possibility of concluding a BSA with Afghanistan later this year. However, the longer we go without a BSA, the more challenging it will be to plan and execute any U.S. mission. Furthermore, the longer we go without a BSA, the more likely it will be that any post-2014 U.S. mission will be smaller in scale and ambition,” the White House added.

Outgoing housing minister Ibrahim Mahlab, a former official in the deposed Hosni Mubarak government, was today named as Egypt’s new prime minister, a day after the military-backed cabinet resigned unexpectedly. Mahlab said he was “officially tasked with forming a new government” by interim president Adly Mansour, the state-run Al-Ahram newspaper reported on its website. He said he would immediately start consultations on the appointment of a new cabinet. Mahlab, who resigned as housing minister yesterday, was a member of the National Democratic Party of Mubarak, whose 30year reign came to an end with the 2011 popular uprising.

Moazzam Begg was arrested in Pakistan in 2002 and released without charge from Gitmo in 2005 BIRMINGHAM AGENCIES

Former Guantanamo Bay detainee Moazzam Begg was among four people arrested in Britain on Tuesday on suspicion of terror offences relating to Syria, police said. Begg, 45, who is now a human rights activist, was detained on suspicion of attending a terrorist training camp and facilitating terrorism overseas, said West Midlands Police. He was held in Guantanamo Bay, the detention camp for terror suspects at a US naval base on Cuba, for nearly three years after being arrested in Pakistan in 2002. The British citizen was released without charge in 2005 and has since become a speaker and activist for a prisoner rights organisation.

On Tuesday, he was among four people arrested at their homes in Birmingham, central England, “on suspicion of Syria-related terrorism offences.” A 44-year-old woman and her son aged 20 were held on suspicion of facilitating terror abroad, as was a 36-year-old man at a separate address. “We can confirm that Moazzam Begg was arrested,” a West Midlands Police spokeswoman said. “We are confirming this name as a result of the anticipated high public interest.” “This is an arrest, not a charge, and... our naming does not imply any guilt.” The three homes were being searched by officers from the West Midlands Counter Terrorism Unit, while vehicles and electronic equipment were being removed for forensic analysis. “All four arrests are connected,” said Detective Superintendent Shaun Edwards, the WM CTU head of investigations. “They were pre-planned and intelligence-led.” The suspects were being held at a police station in the Birmingham area.

DAMATURU AGENCIES

Gunmen from Islamist group Boko Haram stormed a boarding school in northeast Nigeria overnight and killed 29 pupils, many of whom died in flames as the school was burned to the ground, police and the military said on Tuesday. “Some of the students’ bodies were burned to ashes,” Police Commissioner Sanusi Rufai said of the attack on the Federal Government college of Buni Yadi, a secondary school in Yobe state, near the state’s capital city of Damaturu. All those killed were boys. No girls were touched, Rufai said. The Islamists, whose struggle for an Islamic state in northern Nigeria has killed thousands and made them the biggest threat to security in Africa’s top oil producer, increasingly are preying on the civilian population. Boko Haram, whose name means “Western education is sinful” in the northern Hausa language, have frequently attacked schools in the past. A similar attack in June in the village of Mamudo left 22 students dead. More than 200 people were killed in two attacks last week, one in which militants

razed a whole village and shot panicked residents as they tried to flee. The failure of the military to protect civilians is fuelling anger in the northeast, the region worst affected by the fourand-a-half-year-old insurgency. An offensive ordered by President Goodluck Jonathan in May has failed to crush the rebels and triggered reprisals against civilians. A military spokesman for Yobe state, Captain Lazarus Eli, confirmed the attack and said “Our men are down there in pursuit of the killers.” Addressing a news conference on Monday, Jonathan defended the military’s record, saying it had had some successes against Boko Haram. He also said Nigeria was working with the Cameroon authorities to try to prevent the militants from mounting attacks in Nigeria and then fleeing over the border. The military shut the northern part of the border with Cameroon on the weekend. The insurgents mostly occupy the remote, hilly Gwoza area bordering Cameroon, from where they attack civilians they accuse of being pro-government. They have also started abducting scores of girls, a new tactic reminiscent of Uganda’s cult-like Lord’s Resistance Army in decades past.

Polio-like illness seen in up to 25 California children SAN FRANCISCO AGENCIES

A rare and mysterious poliolike illness may have afflicted up to 25 children in California, several of whom have suffered limb paralysis, and health experts were struggling to identify the cause of the ailment, medical researchers said on Monday. Since 2012, between 20 and 25 previously healthy children from across California have shown signs of the illness, possibly caused by an infectious virus, the American Academy of Neurology said in a statement detailing the research of two California neurologists.

One of the children remains in serious condition but none have died from the syndrome, researchers said. Stanford University pediatric neurologist Keith Van Haren said in a statement that the cases could indicate the possibility of an “emerging infectious polio-like syndrome in California,” although federal health officials said there were too few cases to consider the spread of the ailment as an imminent threat. Polio, eradicated in the United States over three decades ago, is an infectious virus that can permanently paralyze or kill victims within hours of infection. A vaccine, developed in the

1950s nearly wiped out the disease worldwide, although it remains endemic in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria. A study of five California children affected by the mystery ailment found they experienced the sudden paralysis of one or more limbs, with the symptoms reaching the height of severity within two days, according to findings of research by Van Haren and University of San Francisco neurologist Emmanuelle Waubant. “Although poliovirus has been eradicated from most of the globe, other viruses can also injure the spine, leading to a polio-like syndrome,” Van Haren said in a statement.

Turkish PM says tapes of talk with son a fabrication ANKARA AGENCIES

Ex-Guantanamo detainee arrested on Syria ‘terror’ grounds

Nigerian Islamists kill 29 pupils in boarding school attack

Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan accused political enemies of shameless fabrication of a telephone tap of him telling his son to dispose of large sums of money on the day police raided houses in a graft inquiry into his government. In a dramatic session of parliament after posting of the 11-minute audio tape on YouTube, Erdogan said his political enemies had penetrated encrypted state communications. He did not name the opponents but made it clear he was talking of a network run by former ally, Islamic cleric Fethullah Gulen. Supporters of Erdogan, locked in a power struggle with Gulen whom he accuses of contriving a graft scandal to topple him, shouted “Tayyip, we came here to die with you”, “stand tall, don’t bow” and “time is on our side”. “The people don’t believe these lies,” Erdogan called back to loud cheers and applause from the public gallery.

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Growing political uncertainty around the government and its reaction to the tapes, which Reuters could not authenticate, hit Turkish assets amid broader weakness in emerging markets. Gulen, through his lawyer, has described the accusation of complicity as unjust and contributing to an atmosphere of “hatred and enmity” in Turkish society. Opinion polls taken before Monday’s posting show Erdogan’s popularity little affected by the corruption scandal which broke on December 17 with the detention of businessmen close to him and three ministers’ sons. Monday’s tape will prove a further test of that resilience ahead of March local elections. Erdogan took over a country in 2002 mired in political factionalism and economic crisis. Presenting the welcome face of a strong leader, he united a wide spectrum of forces, fired the economy, drove economic reform and tamed generals who had toppled four governments in the latter 20th century. The formal opposition re-

mains weak and lacking leadership, the challenge coming however from Hizmet. “They went and made a shameless montage and released it,” Erdogan told parliament. “They are even listening to the state’s encrypted telephones. That’s how low they are.” “There is no allegation that we cannot answer.” The “they” cited by Erdogan was a clear reference to those among the followers of U.S.based Islamic cleric Gulen he accuses of building a “parallel state” using influence in the judiciary and police. Gulen denies the accusation. “We will reveal one-byone all the disgraces of the parallel organization and we will make those who walk with them so embarrassed they won’t be able to go out into the street,” Erdogan told parliament. WIRETAPPING MINISTERS: The recording is purportedly of Erdogan and his son Bilal discussing how to reduce the funds to “zero” by distributing them among several businessmen. At one point, the voice supposedly

of Bilal says some 30 million euros ($40 million) remain to be disposed of. Government officials said previous such recordings may have been of ministers and businessmen’s voices but that the conversations were put together from comments taken out of context to give the impression of impropriety. “They have wiretapped the Prime Minister, they have wiretapped the chief of intelligence, Ministers, many others. They wiretap the phone for 18 months, they listen to you, and then out of the 18 months of wiretapping they take two or three sentences,” said one senior official. “Can you imagine the stories you can write out of those two or three sentences, with no context, no background?” Gulen’s Hizmet (Service) organization, which runs a wide network of schools, businesses and media groups, exercises strong influence in the police and judiciary. The cleric denies government accusations it drew on this network to undermine Erdogan after a political falling out between the two men.


NEWS 05

Wednesday, 26 February, 2014

Rule of law only anSweR to national dileMMa ISLAMABAD INP

Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif has said that rule-of-law is the only solution for the problems faced by Pakistan. PM Sharif, during a meeting with a delegation of the Supreme Court Bar Association (SCBA) on Tuesday, said that the government is sincerely committed to upholding the rule-of-law and is fully committed to the cause of independent judiciary. “Pakistan can only develop if equal rights are provided to its citizens without any difference of cast, creed and religion”, said the premier. He applauded the efforts of the lawyers’ community in this regard and stressed for more efforts to ensure justice for the marginalized and poor segments of the society . The SCBA delegation was led by its president, Mr. Kamran Murtaza.

BANNU: Children displaced by the surgical strikes in North and South Waziristan agencies sit in a truck as their family and hundreds of others relocate to safer areas on Tuesday. INP

SC wants seven missing persons in court on March 4 KP AG says seven men had already been produced of which five were free and now living with their families ISLAMABAD ONLINE

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He Supreme Court (SC) on Tuesday ordered the authorities concerned to produce seven of the 35 missing persons in court on March 4. A two-member bench headed by

Justice Jawwad S Khawaja was hearing the case of 35 missing persons’ from Malakand case. Justice Jawwad S Khawaja remarked, “The government has several options but the Constitution is the only option the judiciary has,” adding that the Constitution should be implemented no matter how much the situation gets worsened. We will have to be on one page for restoration of peace in the country, he said. He stressed that the judiciary will not rest till the missing persons are recovered. Those days are gone when any unconstitutional step was indemnified, he said. The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) AG

presented a report before the court which said that seven persons have already been produced, of which five persons were free and were living with their families. Two missing persons are present in Malakand internment center, he said, and one has died. The report also said that 11 persons were suspected to be held in Afghan jails as 400 persons were detained in jails in Afghanistan. “May be the other missing persons are imprisoned in the jails at Afghanistan, information is being collected through diplomatic channels. The government has got the services of the army in Malakand, therefore, the army lifts several persons at times. However, the

people are released after they are proved innocent,” the AG said. Additional Attorney General (AAG) Shah Khawar told the court that all the steps were underway in connection with recovery of the missing persons. The federal government is in contact with provincial government in this respect, he added. The defence ministry is playing its role as well. A new law has also been enacted and its copy was also presented in the court. The court observed that it will review the law if any loophole was found in it. The court directed the KPK government to produce the seven missing persons before it on March 4. The hearing of the case was adjourned till March 5.

GoRChani Called baCk fRoM waShinGton eMbaSSy WASHINGTON INP

Minister community Affairs at Pakistan embassy in Washington , Akhtar Hassan has been called back to Islamabad. According to reports, a notification for his call back was issued by the Director General Intelligence Bureau (DGIB). Former president Asif Ali Zardari had especially created the post of minister community affairs in Pakistan embassy and appointed Gorchani at the position in mid 2012. Gorhan was the DGIB at that time. He has also served as the Additional Inspector General of Sindh police previously.

Village gives girls pioneering sex education class JOHI AGENCIES

In neat rows, the girls in white headscarves listened carefully as the teacher described the changes in their bodies. When the teacher asked what they should do if a stranger touched them, the class erupted. “Scream!” one called out. “Bite!” another suggested. “Scratch really hard with your nails!” a third said. Sex education is common in Western schools but these ground-breaking lessons are taking place in Pakistan. Publicly talking about sex in Pakistan is taboo and can even be a death sentence. Almost nowhere in Pakistan offers any kind of organised sex education. In some places it has been banned. But teachers operating in the village of Johi in poverty-stricken Sindh province say most families there support their sex education project. Around 700 girls are enrolled in eight local schools run by the Village Shadabad Organisation. Their sex education lessons — starting at age eight — cover changes in their bodies, what their rights are and how to protect themselves. “We cannot close our eyes,” said Akbar Lashari, head of the organisation. “It’s a topic people don’t want to talk about but it’s fact of our life.” FACTS OF LIFE: Lashari said most of the girls in the villages used to hit puberty without realising they will begin to

menstruate or they got married without understanding the mechanics of sex. The lessons even teach the girls about marital rape — a revolutionary idea in Pakistan, where forcing a spouse to have sex is not a crime. “We tell them their husband can’t have sex with them if they are not willing,” Lashari said. The lessons are an addition to regular classes and parents are told before they enroll their daughters. None has objected and the school has faced no opposition, Lashari said. The eight schools received sponsorship from BHP Billiton, an Australian company that operates a nearby gas plant, but Lashari says sex education was the villagers’ own idea. Teacher Sarah Baloch, whose yellow shalwar kameez brightens up the dusty school yard, said she hoped to help girls understand what growing up meant. “When girls start menstruating they think it is shameful and don’t tell their parents and think they have fallen sick,” she said. Baloch teaches at a tiny school of three brick classrooms. A fourth class is held outside because there are so many girls. Three girls cram into each seat made for two, listening attentively to Baloch. One flashcard shows a girl stopping an old man from touching her leg. Other cards encourage girls to tell their parents or friends if someone is stalking them. The girls are shy but the lessons have sunk in.

“My body is only mine and only I have the rights on it. If someone touches my private parts I’ll bite or slap him in the face,” said 10-year-old Uzma Panhwar defiantly as she blushed. The lessons also cover marriage. “Our teacher has told us everything that we’ll have to do when we get married. Now we’ve learned what we should do and what not,” said Sajida Baloch, 16, staring at the ground.

CMYK

AHEAD OF ITS TIME: Some of Pakistan’s most prominent schools, including the prestigious Beaconhouse School System, have been considering the type of sex education practised in Johi. “Girls feel shy to talk to their parents about sex,” said Roohi Haq, director of studies at Beaconhouse. There is definitely demand. Lahore-based Arshad Javed has written three books on sex education and

said he sells about 7,000 per year. None are sold to schools. But not everyone agrees with the lessons, partly because young people were not supposed to have sex before adulthood. Recently the government forced a private school to remove all sex education from its curriculum. “It is against our constitution and religion,” said Mirza Kashif Ali, president of the All Pakistan Private Schools Federation, which says it represents more than 152,000 institutions across the country. “What’s the point of knowing about a thing you’re not supposed to do? It should not be allowed at school level.” In neighbouring India, many government schools formally offer sex education but Pakistani government schools have no such plans. Nisar Ahmed Khuhro, the education minister for Sindh province, was shocked to hear of the lessons. “Sex education for girls? How can they do that? That is not part of our curriculum, whether public or private,” he said. But Tahir Ashrafi, who heads an alliance of moderate clerics called the Pakistan Ulema Council, said such lessons were permissible under Islamic law as long as they were segregated and confined to theory. “If the teachers are female, they can give such information to girls in the limits of Sharia,” he said.


06 ISLAMABAD PAL EFFORTS FOR PROMOTION OF COUNTRY'S LANGUAGES ISLAMABAD: Pakistan Academy of Letters (PAL) Chairman Abdul Hameed said concrete efforts were being made to promote languages being spoken in the country. Talking in a meeting with a delegation of writers from Gilgit-Baltistan who called on him Tuesday, he said it was prime responsibility of the PAL to promote languages being spoken in the areas of Gilgit, Baltistan and Chitral. Hameed further said that PAL has published translation of writings from Broshiski, Shina, Balti and Khawar languages and now in future it is planning to setup a provincial office in Gilgit. He said that PAL published translation of selected writings of these languages. However, he added, PAL is eager to build strong relations with writers from these areas so that they can be brought into the main stream. He said that this aim can only be obtained if one or more focal person is appointed to help PAL in keeping contact with writers of these areas. The head of delegation Abdul Khaliq Taj said that translation of literature help writers and readers understand the people of different regions and culture. He assured PAL to make an ample supply of translations in to Urdu of selected writings from languages of these areas for publication in PAL's regular magazine. Ghulam Abbas Naseem pointed out ill situation of the needed and deserving writers in Gilgit Baltistan and requested to PAL to come forward to help them financially. The representative of literary organization Khawar Qalam Qabila, Abdullah Shahab informed that this literary organization is working for better literary work. WD Baig said that they are planning to organise an international languages conference for which they would like PAL to extend its support. Hameed assured that PAL would assist in every possible way. APP

KEEPING AN EYE ON HOSTELS RAWALPINDI: In wake of security concerns, a decision has been taken to keep an eye on student hostels in the city. Monitoring and scrutiny of the Bachelors hostels will be got conducted secretly. An intelligence agency operating under Punjab government is being assigned to collect the statistics of the these hostels. Sources said that movement of suspected persons has been witnessed in these Bachelors hostels. In order to counter terror related acts, district government Rawalpindi has decided to carry out survey and scrutiny of all the Bachelors hostels functioning in Rawalpindi city. Sources said that the district administration was informed after Raja Bazaar tragedy that Taliban can stay in these hostels. ONLINE

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ISLAMABAD: Fine Arts students painting the sidewall of Citibank Chowk Underpass. ONLINE

New Islamabad airport to be completed by 2016 ISLAMABAD

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APP

eW Benazir Bhutto International Airport (NBBIA) – a modern, well-designed and state-of-the-art airport would be completed by 2016. An airport official said Tuesday that there were several reasons for delay in completion of the mega project including cost of additional acquisition of land for the second runway, increase in the price of dollar, price escalation due to prolongation in execution tenure of the project and increase in costs of consultancy services. To a question, he said that there was no proposal under consideration for development of any other new airport in Islamabad near Rawat. He said according to the original PC-I, the estimated cost of the project was Rs 37 billion but it was revised to Rs 94.8 million. To a question, he said a number of

irregularities had been identified in the new airport and a committee constituted in this regard had submitted its report. The official said that the infrastructure, including roads and availability of water, would also be completed for the new airport. He said that by introduction of transparent policy and rules by the government, the CAA can turn new Islamabad airport into a vibrant and beneficial place for future airlines passengers. He said that due to persistent problems of congestion and many other issues on the Chaklala Airport, the government was actively pursuing work on this project. He said that about 60 percent area of the main building of the airport, cargo sheds and runways were almost ready. He said that the lighting system was also under construction and the Chinese companies were working on this project. He said that Islamabad airport was of great significance because of its geographical location with nearly 626 flights landing and departing in a week.

Construction of the airport, spread over about 3,600 acres, started in April, 2007. It is located near Fateh Jang, 20 kilometres from Islamabad's Zero Point. In the designing phase, the CAA hired a French company Airport De Paris (APDI) with the local consultant ie Nespak for infrastructure design of all the facilities except terminal building for the designing of terminal building. A Singapore-based company CPG was given the task of consultancy. The airport will have capacity to cater for Rs 9 million passengers per annum in the initial stage. It will be the first airport of Pakistan which can land and park Airbus A-380, most wide bodied aeroplane in the world. It has two runways, the main runway is category F runway, which is the highest category for runways. It has the ability to carry the largest and heaviest aircraft. The other runway, which is declared as an emergency runway, is category e runway. CAA also designed a third runway on the

Rule of law can ensure peace‚ stability: president ISLAMABAD ONLINE

Only rule of law can ensure sustainable and long term peace and stability in the country, said President Mamnoon Hussain while addressing the 15th annual award ceremony of National Highways and Motorway Police (NHMP) on Tuesday. The president said enforcement of law is always seen as a strict and rigid practice; however‚ the NHMP has proven it to be the soft face of the government in implementing law without any discrimination. Referring to the importance of well connected‚ safe and secure road network for socio economic uplift of the people‚ he said the government has set in motion its vision of expanding national and international trade corridors to link the existing and new markets. Appreciating the efforts of NHMP regarding greater safety and security on the roads‚ the president said the department has emerged as one of the model institutions of the country and become an asset and pride for the nation.

SATURDAY

other side of the building. When completed, this will cater for simultaneous operations for landing and takeoffs. The terminal building of airport is being constructed by JV of FWO (Frontier Works Organization) and CSCeC (China State Construction and engineering Company). A source in National Highway Authority (NHA) informed that the NHA has been assigned the task to construct network of access road to the new airport. He said that NHA would construct the road network for connecting NBBIA to existing motorways and the project would be carried out through Public-Private Partnership (PPP) arrangement on BuildOperate-Transfer (BOT) basis. He said that the project envisages utilization of the current Motorway Link Road between G.T road Interchange and the Zero Point Interchange. The Link Road will be widened to accommodate additional traffic generated by new airport.

SENATE COMMITTEE MEETING POSTPONED ISLAMABAD ONLINE

Hussain expressed the confidence that the force will continue to perform with even greater zeal to raise the quality of its service. He assured that problems faced by

the police in terms of shortage of manpower and equipment will be redressed. Speaking on the occasion Minister of

CMYK

State Sheikh Waqas said corruption free national highway and motorway police is a role model for all the public sector institutions.

Senate Standing Committee on Information and Broadcasting has postponed its meeting under protest on non participation of secretary and additional secretary information and national heritage therein. Committee met Tuesday under its Chairman Senator Kamil Ali Agha at the Parliament House. Senators Farhat Ullah, Farah Aqil and senior officers of PTV and Ministry of Information and National Heritage attended the meeting. The committee chairman said meeting was held after five months and agenda related to PTV matters was to be discussed. On the other hand, Ministry of Information and National Heritage secretary and additional secretary had not attended the meeting while briefing given to the committee was also incomplete, he indicated. This institution has violated orders of this committee as well as parliament, prime minister and court, he held.


ISLAMABAD 07

Wednesday, 26 February 2014

PIMS STAFF UNHAPPY WITH TURNING HOSPITAL INTO UNIVERSITY ISLAMABAD: Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS) staff protested for the second day on Tuesday to voice concerns against turning the hospital into Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Medical University. According to reports, patients face severe difficulties amidst the strike. PIMS employees staged a sudden protest and came out after halting work and abandoning patients. The employees closed down cardiology centre, children’s hospital and OPD following which the patients faced severe difficulties. Employees chanted slogans in favour of the demands and the protest. They demanded to separate PIMS from Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Medical University. ONLINE

BISP WON’T ACCEPT PEOPLE MESSAGING IN ITS NAME ISLAMABAD: A strategy has been finalised to incarcerate people involved in fraudulent activities. The decision was made at a meeting of all the stakeholders held at Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP) Secretariat as per the directives of BISP chairman. The meeting was chaired by Admin director general and was attended by representatives from Pakistan Telecommunication Authority, Federal Investigation Agency, Intelligence Bureau and cellular companies. The BISP chairman had called this meeting because of the recent rise in fraudulent activities, involving scrupulous elements swindling innocent people using fake SMS message maligning the name of BISP. After taking charge as chairman, Enver Baig took this matter of fake SMS messages on priority and wrote letters to the concerned people asking them to take action against swindlers. However, there is no significant development in the matter which led to the directives by the chairman to call this meeting and develop a concrete strategy. ONLINE

YOU HAVE A ‘RIGHT’ TO SHOW CNIC AND REMAIN SILENT RAWALPINDI: The police arrested 45 suspects during search operation in different areas of the city on Tuesday. New Town and Sadiqabad police launched crackdown in Double Road and A Block areas of Rawalpindi. The police checked computerised national identity cards (CNICs) and other documents and arrested 45 suspects. The detainees were shifted to police stations where they were being interrogated. INP

EPHEDRINE QUOTA CASE ANC ORDERS PRESENTATION OF FINAL CHALLAN AGAINST ABBASI RAWALPINDIL Anti Narcotics Court (ANC) on Tuesday ordered to present final challan against eight accused including former PML-N’s MNA Hanif Abbasi in ephedrine quota case. ANC Judge Akhtar Bahdur was hearing the case. PLM-N leader Hanif Abbasi appeared before the court. During the hearing, Abbasi prayed the court to verify the ephedrine tablets in his factory like it was done in other factories. The court ordered Anti Narcotic Force (ANF) to verify the ephedrine tablets manufactured by Abbasi’s factory. The court also ordered to present final challan against eight accused including Abbasi at the next hearing. The hearing of the case was later adjourned till March 3. INP

ISLAMABAD: A polio team official administering polio drops to a girl at Afghan Basti. INP

BRAZILIAN CINEMA COMES TO LIFE TOMORROW ISLAMABAD ONLINE

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N exhibition of Brazilian cinema in Pakistan will take place from February 27 to March 2 at 6pm at the embassy, House 1, Street 72, F-8/3. The embassy of Brazil will showcase four awarded Brazilian movies, recently launched, representing different styles and approaches of the Brazilian cinema scene. The first movie, Neighboring Sounds (2012) portrays life in a middle-class neighborhood in present day Recife takes an unexpected turn after the arrival of an independent private security firm. The presence of these men brings a sense of safety, but also a good deal of anxiety to a community constantly worried about security. The movie was widely acclaimed by the critique and considered one of the 10 best movies of 2012 by the New York Times. It is a faithful portray of daily life in a transforming society that enjoys a better life but has to face its lasting contradictions. The second movie, Craft (2010) tells the story of Bianca, an excellent actor who has to struggle with many small jobs impersonating movie divas and promoting events to make ends meet. Her luck begins to change after she gets the leading role in an international production and the director inspires the main character in Bianca’s own life and

personality. The movie is actually based on the beginning of the real career of the main actor, Karine Telles. The directing and photography style, giving a very intimate perspective and promoting the proximity between the actors and the audience, project a realistic atmosphere sometimes similar to a documentary. Craft was awarded in several of the most important cinema festivals in Brazil. The third movie, Times of Peace (2008) is a simple and sensitive testimony not only to the power of art in bringing people together, but also to the relevance of the immigrants that went to Brazil in the after WWII period.

NADRA issues PoR cards to 1.6m Afghan refugees ISLAMABAD INP

Pakistan in collaboration with the UN Refugee Agency has commenced the issuance of renewed Proof of Registration (PoR) cards to more than 1.6 million registered Afghan refugees. The National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA) launched a countrywide project at the inaugural ceremony in Haripur on Tuesday. The renewed PoR cards will be issued through 34 PoR card renewal centres across the country, starting with six centres in Haripur, Karachi, Lahore, Rawalpindi and Quetta followed by more centres to open in March, April and May. The existing PoR cards held by Afghan refugees expired in December, 2012. In July, 2013, the government through its Federal Cabinet decision, announced the extension of the Tripartite

Commission Agreement governing the voluntary return of Afghans and the validity of the PoR cards until the end of 2015. The PoR card renewal exercise is a result of continuous consultation between the governments of Afghanistan, Pakistan and UNHCR aimed at finding durable solutions for Afghan refugees, which constitute the world’s largest protracted refugee population in a single country. The renewal process will be carried out in two phases. During the first phase from February until the end of June, 2014, all PoR cards that expired in December, 2012 will be replaced by new PoR cards. In the second phase from July until the end of 2014, NADRA will register and issue individual PoR cards to some 150,000 children born to registered parents in the past five years and more than 330,000 Afghan children below the age of eighteen will receive birth certificates.

CMYK

POST RETIREMENT MONEY-MAKING ISLAMABAD: Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) has arrested Col (r) Fahimud Din Mir and his son for their alleged involvement in human trafficking. Arrests of the two have been made as part of campaign launched Tuesday by FIA against human trafficking under the directives of Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan and FIA DG. FIA Deputy Director Nasrullah Gondal said that four passports and Rs 500,000 have also been recovered from the two accused. They used to send people aboard illegally in return for handsome money, he added. The accused Muhammad Hussain Mir was nabbed while proceeding to Australia on a fake visa, he pointed out. ONLINE

lost & FouNd My original allotment letter of Plot No. 12, Street No. 17-A, Phase-II, Defence Housing Authority Islamabad has been misplaced. Founder may inform or dispatch.

MAJOR KARIM NAWAZ KIAYNI, 1-C, MODEL TOWN “A”, GULBERG ROAD, BAHAWALPUR, PH: 0301-5017622

It tells the story about a Polish man who arrives in Rio de Janeiro to settle in Brazil in 1945. The immigration officers, however, suspect he might be a Nazi looking to hide in the country. He then faces a strong interrogation by Segismundo (Tony Ramos), a former member of the political police used to complying orders without ever questioning them. The dialogue between the two men during the interrogation brings up the importance of art and sensibility in a time when only the horror of war seemed to be present. To end the exhibition, the embassy presents Gonzaga: from father to son (2012), a movie based on conversations between Luiz Gonzaga, a famous singer and accordionist known as King of Baiao (a typican Brazilian music style), and his son, Gonzaguinha, also a famous singer in Brazil. The life of both characters is told through this dialogue, revealing the difficult family relations of two of the greatest talents of Brazilian music. Luiz Gonzaga, a poor boy from a village in Northeast Brazil, leaves his hometown to try life in the army and then moves to Rio de Janeiro. In order to provide for his wife and son, he takes the road playing Baiao, which he learned from his father. To build the successful career that led him to be known as the King of Baiao, though, Gonzaga made important sacrifices on his personal life, which led to a difficult relationship with his son.


08 COMMENT

Stay the course now

The government finally takes the decision it should have taken months ago

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FtER chasing all types of willo'-the-wisps the government has finally taken the only rational course available which many had been advocating since the PML-n's resumption of power in June 2013. the cabinet has told the Pakistani taliban to stop terrorist activities forthwith and unconditionally. it has also decided to continue the targeted strikes meanwhile. the prime minister has announced that his government would establish the writ of the state all over the country and at all costs. He has conceded albeit reluctantly that this is the only way to restore peace and put an end to the crescendoing wave of bloodshed. the government has taken too long to make up its mind regarding how to deal with the terrorists. thus it wasted eight precious months. instead of providing leadership it blindly followed the religious parties and those in the PML-n who shared their extremist mindset. the interior minister who had all the information about those launching terrorist attacks, hesitated to name the terrorist networks and ruled out any solution other than peace talks. He even closed his eyes to the gruesome results that followed from the PML-n’s policy of appeasement. the data released by military sources last week showed that since sept 10 last year, following the aPC, 460 innocent people — 308 civilians, 114 soldiers and 38 policemen — died in terrorist acts throughout the country. the rejection of military operation for talks alone was a one way ticket to disaster that indicated a lack of strategic vision. it was forgotten that once the natO troops were out of afghanistan the ttP was likely to be used as a strategic weapon against Pakistan by the contenders of powers like the afghan taliban, al Qaeda and possibly the afghan government. the war against terrorism can be won only if the Us and Pakistan collaborate to fight the common enemy. the ongoing attempts at joint planning and mutual assistance should continue. talks with any terrorist group must be delayed till it is willing to renounce violence and announces unreserved allegiance to the constitution. the government needs to follow the new policy single-mindedly. Mian nawaz sharif should take parliament into confidence and lead the nation in the fight against terrorism. no military operation can be successful unless it is supported by the masses and the elected government. the federal government has to create and sustain the structures of civilian administration in areas liberated by the military from terrorists. this would fill the administrative vacuum created after the elimination of the tribal chiefs and jirgas by the ttP. the revival of the civilian structures of administration would also relieve the army from a function which is not its cup of tea. the government should urgently invigorate the special committee created for handling the iDPs from the affected agencies, particularly north Waziristan from where the tribal people have already started shifting to safer places.

Dedicated to the legacy of the late Hameed Nizami

Arif Nizami Editor

Aziz-ud-Din Ahmad Joint Editor Lahore – Ph: 042-36375963-5 Fax: 042-32535230 Karachi – Ph: 021-35381208-9 Fax: 021-35381208 Islamabad – Ph: 051-2287273 Fax: 051-2818125 Web: www.pakistantoday.com.pk Email: editorial@pakistantoday.com.pk

Wednesday, 26 February, 2014

Japanese investment in Pakistan The way to progress

Dr AhmAD rAshiD mAlik

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akistan has a great potential for growth, development, attracting business investment, and making profit out of international business. By 2050, Pakistan would be having a GDP touching down to Us$ 3.3 trillion, equal to the size of today’s Germany. inter-regional infrastructural projects and transnational energy pipelines would change the economic landscape of Pakistan. soon Pakistan is going to be converted into a’ tiger’ economy like other prosperous countries of East asia. For Japanese multinational companies, Pakistan has been regarded as a high-sale and high-growth country for enhancing their business. this has been revealed in a survey report released by the Japan External trade Organisation (JEtRO) recently. JEtRO started such a survey just from last year. around 9,371 Japanese firms have been doing business across the world.

Pakistan ranked second and drawing 74.1 percent in terms of profit earning for Japanese companies operating in Pakistan last year. taiwan ranked as the top destination for profitability for Japanese companies, with 81.8 percent profit. Myanmar and Cambodia are expected to make more profit for Japanese companies next year. india, Bangladesh, and sri Lanka ranked much lower in generating profit for Japanese companies. Pakistani data has been collected from 27 Japanese companies operating in Pakistan. Japanese transport machinery equipment makers carried the bulk of this business. Pakistan, however, has been facing terrorism since 2001. there has been flight of capital. international sanctions have damaged its economy particularly after 1998-2005. Business confidence shattered, so did the image of the country. While americans, Europeans, and australians wound up their business in Pakistan after 9/11, south koreans continued their retail business of transportation (Daewoo) without fear. this was a sign of great confidence in doing business in Pakistan. apart from terrorism, electricity shortage negatively impacts upon Pakistan’s growth. Had these weaknesses not been there, Pakistan’s economy and profitability of the Japanese companies would have increase. With a strong and transparent legal system in Pakistan working in the last few years, business positivity has been taking place. Peace negotiations are underway between the government and the taliban.

With the end of terrorism and restoration of normal security, investment confidence and profitability are further expected to grow. the present government is determined to tackle the issue of corruption and governance. the return of Japanese business after 2005 witnessed many positive changes, which the above JEtRO report has acknowledged. With an increasing growth of 5.1 percent within the last six months under the present government, projections of Japanese business profitability will further increase in the next couple of years. the karachi ksE 100 jumped to 49.4 percent in 2013 as fifth best performer in the world. this bullish trend indicates the growth of financial market and attraction of investment in Pakistan. Japanese Foreign Direct investment (FDi) increased to Us$ 31 million or just 2 percent of the total FDi fetched by Pakistan in 2012-13. this needs to be increased. Looking at JEtRO’s survey, FDi by Japanese companies should be increased to convert Pakistan as a competitive market. after Japanese economic recovery in the 1950s, Japanese investment has played a lead role in making asEan miracle. taiwan, south korea, and China also received huge Japanese investment. Japan entails a good image in Pakistan. it is always a welcome country. JEtRO established its office in karachi in 1954. it was second JEtRO office after Bangkok and the fourth established by Japan at that time. at that time Japan used to import cotton from Pakistan. textile

was the main industry in Japan those days. it is quite safe to say that in Japanese post-war economic recovery, Pakistani cotton has played a major role. now in bolstering Pakistani economy, Japanese investment in autos, textiles, manufacturing, infrastructure, and energy could play the lead role. Both countries have already signed the Bilateral investment treaty (Bit) in 1989. in enhancing intra-saaRC trade, Japanese investment could play a role. For instance, suzuki motor company has been planning to import suzuki auto parts from india, which are imported from Japan at present. the scheme will be cost-effective and time-saving. For Japanese, the scheme tends to transfer technology to Pakistani vendors through india. From Pakistan, Japanese autos could also be sold to afghanistan and Central asia. Prospects of Japanese business are fairly bright in Pakistan. trade unionism is on the rise in india. Many Japanese companies are considering shifting their businesses to Pakistan. at present, there are around 76 Japanese companies operating in Pakistan. some institutional measures are also needed to be adopted to facilitate investment. the ‘Visa on arrival’ facility should be extended to Japanese nationals in Pakistan. india has already offered such facility to Japanese nationals. With these arrangements, Pakistan could attract more investments. The writer is Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of Strategic Studies, Islamabad.

The differences of love India and the question of homosexuality

i

PrernA kAlbAg

n our eminently morbid and perverse world, love can be found in hidden lanes like pocketfuls of light. Pricked by sweaty church lights and holy pulpits. Doomed by secrecy. shredded by moral frameworks. in a world held together by the fragility of rules, love has been one of the few things that have been able to survive by breathing through lifeless concrete holes. interestingly, love means different things to different people. For some people, love is the convoluted ability to breathe hope at the end of a dark day. For others, love is a drowned investment in the graying institutions of familial and marital relations. Love could also be what keeps those acutely drugged masks from falling off our faces. to some sections of our society, love is that difference that lights behind closed, dusty curtains of virtuosity and pokes through the cracked pipes of rigid definitions. to those sections, the battles fought every day, are the battles made of love. One can’t say how or from whence homosexuality originated. Essentialists would argue that homosexuality is simply an alternative destination of love, and is as flagrant as a skin colour or a hair condition. in sexually liberated india, homosexuality was a minor offence and often, glanced at without as

much offence as would be struck upon a low-caste shudar. the doomed expression of this wrecked love was depicted outside temples and inside rule books. Fines would be asked, but they would be minor, payable ones. it was a love that was ignored inside the impersonal constructs of marriage and legality. But it crawled, nevertheless, through the seeped caves of general inconsideration. the British Raj with its Victorian self-hatred was probably too appalling for the helpless indian tenderness. it was a tenderness that was ashamed of its inferiority and frantically took to some shabby attempts at repairing its self-confidence. and long after the British left, that tenderness still looks at its stunned reflections inside cold, sturdy mirrors and laughs a little timidly each day. it’s a tenderness that throws horrifying metal armors over its self-presumed subordination in an age animated by garish diplomacy. and it’s a tenderness that punishes itself by turning to the sadist domes of acute, gaping faith. Part of throwing such stultifying armours over our past failures is to strike at all those chapters of our culture that we view as failures in the light of our desperate inability to help ourselves. One could say that while the British themselves have strutted ahead (charitably, under the luminous pretence of moving forward), our perceptions of ourselves have been, pathetically, stunted. We’re still trying to repair the damage, under the veritable wilderness of wealth and economic success. We race back to faith. We curse the West. ironically, homosexuality, with its severe poignancy and tragic irony, is witnessed in the oddest of craters. inside dulled down, frigid nunneries. inside loveless marriages. Glistening under lonely pubescent hugs in a frothy convent. in the uncalled ache of a sudden hug. they’re often pounded by the hosts of these irrepressible emotions and the

CMYK

wonders of it; hosts who regularly smother a love tormented by aeons of disgusted stipulations. Perhaps, humankind has always been fearful of the unfathomable complexities that sustain it, complexities that refuse to be dulled down behind recognised definitions. Complexities like genuine love, or even altruism; that need no precise harbours. and yet, extraordinarily, this alluring love has survived every form of persecution and horrendous labelling in societies strangulated by dictums and has lived on, quietly, subtly; sometimes strikingly, daringly under the glaring shadows of ignorant, inconsiderate aphorisms. Remarkably indeed, sexual orientation, like sexuality, is sinuously connected with the feminist consciousness. it pushes its way through like the crackling cover of bustling love that it is and demolishes the myth that one needs to be a man to be able to love a woman or vice versa. it demolishes the myth that the labyrinthine definition of gender constructs are psychic lumps that we’re born with. and most of all, it reinstates our belief that

'Part of throwing such stultifying armours over our past failures is to strike at all those chapters of our culture that we view as failures in the light of our desperate inability to help ourselves. One could say that while the British themselves have strutted ahead (charitably, under the luminous pretence of moving forward), our perceptions of ourselves have been, pathetically, stunted.'

love squashes boundaries and time, like the beautifully tangled evidence of LGBt history across india. Differences are those constructs that we as individuals battle with every day. Differences are what make our furrowed ignorance lurch ahead. Differences, in strangely hidden ways, are what we live to find each day. Differences are what challenge our perceptions about our revolving, unsynchronised world. and yet, of all the differences that ever crept forth from the congested diaries of humankind, the most fervently palpable, the most piercing and the most incendiary, are the differences of love.

The writer is an independent journalist based in Chennai, India. Words, art, feminism and people are some of the things she is passionate about. An odd soul, she often lives in her own world of oddities and quirks, but has a sensitive approach to things outside it. She corresponds at: prerna.kalbag19@hotmail.com and tweets at: @PrernaKalbag.


WORLD VIEW 09

Wednesday, 26 February, 2014

Hindu fundamentalists How Ukraine destroyed the myth vs Hinduism Pulping of a US scholar's book in India stirs debate over the "moral majority." uSA TOdAY FTER the egging, the pulping. In London in 2003, a protester threw an egg at University of Chicago Sanskrit scholar Wendy Doniger, who was lecturing on the popular Hindu epic the Ramayana. The egg missed its mark, but during the Q&A other protesters continued the assault, insisting that non-Hindus like Doniger had no right to tell them what Hinduism is all about. This month, Penguin Books India agreed to withdraw Doniger's The Hindus: An Alternative History from Indian bookstores and pulp any remaining copies. The settlement came in response to a complaint filed by Dinanath Batra, head of Shiksha Bachao Andolan, a Hindu fundamentalist group that opposes sex education in Indian schools and textbooks that deviate from its Hinduvta ("Hinduness") interpretation of Indian history. If you see a culture war here, you are not far wrong. Like the American culture wars, this contest features a "moral majority" that claims to speak for all true believers, even as it laments its victimhood at the hands of a secular state.

millions of Hindus." As Doniger books go, this one has very little sex in it. But it is offensive. As Doniger told BBC World Service, she knew "that people like Mr. Batra would hate it." According to Hindu nationalists, there is one unchanging and eternal Hinduism, which just so happens to be their own. Doniger's alternative history, which heeds the voices of women and Dalits ("untouchables"), and observes changes in the tradition over time, shows that there are nearly as many Hinduisms as there are Hindus. To her, Hinduism is a polyphonic symphony. To Batra, it is one note, played over and over again. Books have been challenged in the USA, but First Amendment rights typically triumph. In India, free speech is increasingly muzzled. India banned Salman Rushdie's novel The Satanic Verses a quarter-century ago. Two decades ago, Hindu nationalists went after Kali's Child, a psychoanalytic study of the Indian holy man Ramakrishna by American Indologist Jeffrey Kripal, and discovered in the process how to spin hatred of foreign authors into political gold. In recent years, they have targeted films and art exhibitions as well as books on Gandhi, cows and the Hindu deity Ganesha.

Hurt religious feelings

"pulping of liberal india"

In his complaint, Batra played the Jerry Falwell figure, blasting Doniger as a Jezebel — "a woman hungry of sex" — peddling "perverse" interpretations of Hindu scriptures. The Hindus is "riddled with heresies and factual inaccuracies," he said, but his core complaint is that the book "hurt the religious feelings of

Indian intellectuals responded to the Doniger imbroglio by lamenting "the pulping of liberal India" and the "Talibanization" of the world's largest democracy. "The argumentative Indian is being replaced by the offended Indian," wrote political scientist Pratap Bhanu Mehta, "the tolerant Indian by the intolerant mob."

a

StEphEN prOthErO

Many fingered Penguin for bowing to a bully. "Even though there is no fatwa, no ban, not even a court order, you have not only caved in, you have humiliated yourself abjectly before a fly-by-night outfit," wrote novelist Arundhati Roy in an open letter to her publisher. Other authors demanded that their Penguin contracts be pulped. Penguin responded by invoking its "moral responsibility to protect our employees against threats and harassment," and the need to "respect the laws of the land in which it operates, however intolerant and restrictive those laws may be." Other Indian intellectuals — including thousands of signers of a petition published last week in The Hindu — called for legal reform, focusing on the Indian Penal Code's Section 295A, which, by criminalizing "malicious acts intended to outrage religious feelings," has invited an epidemic of the piously aggrieved. The Hindus' banishment from India is emboldening the culture warriors who claim to speak on behalf of all Hindus (and are now vowing to go after other Doniger books). But this is not a victory for "Hinduism" over its American despisers. It is a victory of one group of Hindus over another. In The Hindus, which exudes love of scholarship and love of the Hindu tradition, I hear a voice, reminiscent of that famous question of the African-American abolitionist Sojourner Truth: "Ain't I a woman?" "Ain't I a Hindu?" it says, in the voices of the millions of believers whom Hindu fundamentalists are determined to silence. Stephen Prothero is a Boston University religion professor and the author of God Is Not One: The Eight Rival Religions that Run the World.

PARTITION — AN UNFINISHED ORAL STORY Hindu MEENA MENON

“My father came back in early August 1947 to take us away from Lahore. ‘I don’t like the stampede and the rush,’ he said. But he couldn’t leave because of the riots,” recalls Khalid Chima, a former bureaucrat, of his father’s attempt to go to East Punjab during Partition. In Lahore, where he lived in 1947 as a child, Mr. Chima remembers the arson, the bodies on the streets and in the canal. “In June and July, in the bright sunlight, you could see the flames of the Shalmi market from as far as Model Town.” Eighty-one year-old Mr. Chima along with others, has been recording interviews for the Citizens Archive of Pakistan (CAP) Oral History Project started by a group of young people in 2008 to document narratives of Partition. Swaleha Alam Shahzada, CAP executive director, says the experience over the years has been interesting, especially with no organisation serving as a reference point. CAP, which aims to have a consolidated archive accessible to the public, has over 2,500 hours of audio and 50,000 images.

arcHiving tHe past for tHe future While more books on Partition with new approaches are emerging, this project is a reminder that Partition is not just a footnote of history; the social consequences of it must be taken stock of. More than what he was witness to at that time, Mr. Chima says it is the effect of the whole process of Partition that he considers important. “We had very friendly relations with Hindus and Sikhs, and families used to go out together on picnics. In Lahore we used to visit each other for a whole day. That was the pattern in those days — no short quick visits.” He also recently came across some of his father’s papers which included a letter from one of his friends, discussing intimate family matters with his father. It was not only in school but on shikar too that Hindus and Muslims ate together. “I was in the boy scouts and we used to go out on camps. All the boys had to cook by turn and everyone ate what was cooked. Our scoutmaster was a Brahmin; he used to eat with us. A neighbour in the village, Inder Nath Chima, used to spend his

Sundays with us. He asked me once if we cooked beef in the same pots. I told him we never cook beef. Among many people in East Punjab there was a taboo on eating beef,” he says. He adds how religion never mattered even when a new boy joined school; concerns were more about how he would mingle with everyone, if he would be a good team member. The biggest loss for Mr. Chima has been the destruction of a “cosmopolitan multi-religious, forward looking pluralist society.” “I think the world is poorer because of that,” he says. What his wife Nasreen, 75, a former teacher, remembers best is her feisty mother, Rashida Ahsan, a class mate of Zohra Sehgal. “My mother was a great activist who had Hindu and Sikh friends. She spoke highly of her teachers: Sarojini Naidu’s daughter and Ms Zutshi, Nehru’s cousin. After college, Ms Naidu held meetings at her residence to discuss the independence struggle. My mother, who otherwise observed purdah, would mingle with Hindus and young people of all faiths. These were secret meetings,” she says. When Bhagat Singh was tried and sentenced, Ms Ahsan and other friends wrote placards in blood to protest but they were not allowed to carry out demonstrations. Her uncle, who was a magistrate, said he would get the placards distributed in public. “That was the spirit of Bhagat Singh,” Ms Chima says. Her mother once led a procession to the house of the divisional commissioner, a Sikh who knew her family. He refused to arrest her for violating prohibitory orders, saying his conscience wouldn’t permit him to do the same. Her house was like a refugee camp in those days, spilling over with women looking for lost children. Massacre is one thing and

being separated from your family is another, Ms Chima says. “If the massacres had not happened then, this migration would not have taken place. We would still be a plural, diverse and a tolerant society. We are now intolerant, sectarian and we are going through hell. I don’t know how it will all end.” For Dr. M. Naeem Qureshi, 77, former professor at Quaid-i-Azam University, Partition was a reality that he wishes happened differently. “My father was in the police and we had a lot of friends among Hindus and Sikhs. It never occurred to us that this would happen. But this is a reality and we can’t turn our heads from it. I only wish it had not happened the way it did. The fallout is that even today the two countries don’t have good relations. The human casualty, both psychological and otherwise, was staggering.” Dr. Qureshi was one of the few Muslim students in the Sanatan Dharma high school in Sargodha. During Partition he once went to school wearing a Jinnah badge and was almost beaten up. “My father had subordinate officers who were Hindus. One boy, Sagar, had a father who was head constable. He eventually opened an artist’s shop in Sargodha. We prayed together and went sightseeing together. It was a wonderful life but when this movement started, I could feel us parting ways.” He is still waiting for an objective history on Partition which has “not yet been written either in India or Pakistan as emotions are still strong on both sides.” Mr. Chima adds: “Partition is a process and the last word has not been said on it.” Perhaps the oral histories will leave a constructive legacy. meena.menon@thehindu.co.in.

of Russian power Carnegie Europe Jan Techau

No matter how the crisis engulfing Ukraine plays out, it has already produced one result that is probably more important than anything else: it has destroyed the myth of Russian strength. Over the past decade, Russian President Vladimir Putin has tried to convince both the world and his fellow countrymen that Russia is a resurgent great power. He was aided by an unmatched talent for tactical maneuvering, a relatively stable oil price, and a West bogged down by distracting wars and economic woes. Putin pulled off a war in Georgia, created a Eurasian customs area to rival the European Union, duped the West on Syria, cunningly played former U.S. National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden, and then torpedoed Ukraine's signing of a trade and association agreement with the EU. He did all this with resolve, shamelessness, and chutzpah. And so the world started to believe that there was substance behind the posturing. European and U.S. nostalgists were only too eager to embark on a new Ostpolitik, based on the assumption that Russia was too powerful to deal with through regular diplomacy. Forbes magazine named Vladimir Putin the most powerful man in the world in 2013. And the Economist, as recently as February 1, announced "the triumph of Vladimir Putin." The few voices that tried to remind observers that none of this had much substance were not listened to. Audiences remained skeptical when they were told that Russia was actually a power in decline, equipped with the capacity to wreak havoc but not the ability to shape the world. Some liked to hear it because they disliked Russia, but almost all in the West continued to assign almost limitless power to the Kremlin. But now Russia's bluff has been called. It is not yet clear what lasting impact the sudden downfall of former Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovych will have in the region. But what is already clear is that the myth of Russian power has been thoroughly shredded. The heroic people of Ukraine's Euromaidan protest movement, helped unwittingly by the EU and some eleventh-hour U.S. diplomacy, revealed Moscow's real power status. In summer 2013, a bureaucratic EU project, backed up with little money and no hard power and executed in a technocratic, apolitical way, was enough to instill mortal fear in the Kremlin. Negotiations on an association and free-trade agreement between the EU and Ukraine had entered their final phase and were scheduled to culminate in a big summit in Vilnius in November. Dutifully, Putin mustered the Kremlin's classic arsenal. To set a precedent, he bullied a smaller country, Armenia, into joining his bogus alternative Eurasian project. He then applied the right mix of threats and embraces to convince Yanukovych that his political survival was best guaranteed by staying with Russia instead of joining the West. Western observers have long interpreted such moves as the outflow of a Russian grand strategy to reestablish a neo-Soviet empire. Those closer to the Kremlin have sought to debunk such imperial talk as nonsense, but they have been largely ignored. It was much more convenient to nurture old Cold War stereotypes than to see through the Kremlin's scheme. In reality, Putin's strong-arming of weak neighbors was and is symptomatic of a desperate fight for the survival of a rotten and hollowed-out political system. In the months after November's failed Vilnius summit, when Ukrainians flocked to Kiev's Independence Square to demand a Western future, the weakness of Putin's system became apparent. He showed an utter disregard for the people he aspires to rule over. Russia's human rights violations, corruption, and orchestrated pseudodemocracy are bad enough. But in Ukraine, Russia failed to understand that people are citizens, that they have autonomous ideas about the future they want-and that this future is not just about getting rich but also about having a say. There is no greater misreading of the Ukrainian protests, and no greater condescension, than to dismiss the situation as the product of Western conspiracies and terrorist agitation. As a result, Putin lost Ukraine in the endgame on February 21. In the multiparty negotiations in Kiev that evening, Moscow agreed to early presidential elections in Ukraine, only to see the situation unravel within hours. Yanukovych had essentially forfeited power. It became clear that once the people had lost their fear, neither Yanukovych nor Putin had any substance left to offer. The spell had been broken, and the myth of universal power was gone. As soon as apparatchiks, security forces, puppet politicians, and demonstrators sensed that the system would not hold together, they abandoned ship. The change of power happened in less than forty-eight hours, and peacefully. Putin's great strength lies in his tactical skill and ruthlessness. The West has long mistaken that for strategic depth and statesmanship. But Putin's real power, as German journalist Clemens Wergin has noted, is relative: it depends on how much counterpower the West is willing to apply. With its economy, society, and military in decay, Russia's strength does not have much of an original source of its own. The EU's half-baked neighborhood policy contained enough ideas firepower to inspire Ukrainians to call Russia's bluff. They put the West to shame. No matter how much Europeans love the narcissistic tale of their own decline, liberal democracy remains an enduring attraction and a formidable foreign policy tool. Much that happens in Ukraine will now depend on the West's ability to learn that all-important lesson from this astonishing episode. Jan Techau is the director of Carnegie Europe, the European center of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.


10 BUSINESS PM orders Probe into shady boeing aircraft deal ISLAMABAD: The prime minister has formed a highlevel committee to inquire into the reported corruption of Rs 40 billion in the purchase of five Boeing aircraft during the tenure of the last PPP government. The committee will be headed by Minister for Defence, Water and Power Khawaja Mohammad Asif. According to reports, Boeing Company is pressing the PIA to take the ordered aircraft and the balance amount be cleared. This is the first high-level inquiry ordered by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif into a high profile corruption scam. The reports further said that the inquiry committee would look into the handling of the entire case by the former Defence Minister, former MD PIA Captain Yusufzai, Deputy MD Saleem Sayani, some other political personalities and bureaucrats because the deal was done during their tenure. The report said under the deal reached in July 2012, about Rs 40 billion were reportedly misappropriated and the aircraft had not reached Pakistan because the PIA was not prepared to take the delivery while the US company was pressing for the release of remaining amount and supply of the planes. The inquiry committee has been asked to submit a report within a month to the prime minister. The committee has also been asked to identify those responsible in the scam and suggest action against them. Other members of the committee would be PM’s special assistant Captain Shujaat Azim, secretary Civil Aviation and Secretary Cabinet Division. INP

Pel discovers oil & gas in badin south KARACHI: Petroleum Exploration (Pvt) Ltd (PEL), a private sector Pakistani company, has made a significant discovery of oil and gas in its Badin South IV Concession Block. The well named as Ayasha-1 was spud-in on December 31, 2013, and completed on February 14, 2014, after achieving the target depth of 2400 meters. The well flowed 11.32 MMCFD of good quality natural gas with a heating value of 967 BTU. Well also flowed 115 barrels of 57o API condensate per day with a well head pressure of 2000 PSI. In Badin South IV Block alone PEL had acquired 150 line km 2D seismic data and acquired 3075 Line km 2D seismic data and 630 km2 3D seismic data form Directorate General of Petroleum Concessions. ONLINE

Wednesday, 26 February, 2014

ECONOMIC INDICATORS SHOW POSITIVE SIGNS ISLAMABAD APP

espite various ongoing challenges at different fronts, the major economic indicators are depicting positive signs towards sustainable growth, mainly owing to improvements in external trade, foreign exchange reserves, workers remittances and investments. the latest economic indicators also depict considerable improvements in large scale manufacturing (LsM) with single digit inflation rate, according to the official data. the official data revealed that workers remittances have increased by more than 10 percent to $9 billion in the first seven months of the current fiscal year. Last year, pakistani expatriates sent $8.2 billion to their homes during this period. the inflows of remittances from saudi Arabia and the UAe in the country stood at $2596.86 million and $1785.84 million, respectively, while the Us, the UK, GCC countries, including Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar and Oman, and the eU countries, sent $1441.42 million, $1309.31 million, $1048 million and $251.13 million, respectively. Remittances received from Norway, switzerland, Australia, Canada, Japan and other countries during the first seven months of the current fiscal year amounted to $600.85 million. On the other hand, the production of the large scale manufacturing (LsM) sector, which is another major indicator of economy, expanded 6.76 percent during the first half of the current fiscal year and 13.17 percent in December 2013 compared to December 2012. An increase in out-put in textile,

D

food, petroleum products, pharmaceuticals, fertilizers, electronics and leather products were the principal contributing factors to the overall rise in LsM, a latest economic data available said. Meanwhile, pakistan's trade deficit narrowed by 4.55 percent during first seven months of current fiscal year as exports expanded by 4.64 percent while imports witnessed nominal increase of 0.48 percent as compared to the same period of last year. On year-on-year basis, the trade deficit increased by 19.31 percent in January 2014 when compared to the deficit of the same month of last year, according to latest data of pakistan Bureau of statistics (pBs). According to break up figures, the exports from the country during July-January (2013-14) stood $14.699 billion against the exports of $14.047 billion recorded in July-January 201213 while the imports into the country were recorded at $25.808 billion against the imports of $25.685 billion. the data further revealed that gross foreign exchange reserves are also growing as the country's reserves increased by $ 406 million during the week ended February 14, 2014. According to state Bank of pakistan (sBp), the total liquid foreign reserves of the country stand at $7.99402 billion. the break up figures show that the foreign reserves held by state Bank for the week ended on February 14 amounted dollars 3,196.7 million, while the net foreign reserves held by banks other than sBp figured dollars 4,797.5 million. Consumer price index (Cpi) based inflation remained single digit as it increased by 7.9pc on year-on-year basis in January 2014 as compared 8.1pc in January 2013, which is also a positive sign.

Major Gainers COMPANY Wyeth Pak ltd fazal textile gadoon textile faisal spinning Jubile life ins.

OPEN 4790.00 582.00 245.00 191.90 179.00

HIGH 4794.00 582.00 252.84 212.10 187.95

LOW 4790.00 582.00 245.00 191.90 174.00

CLOSE CHANGE 4794.00 130.00 582.00 27.00 252.84 12.04 212.10 10.10 187.95 8.95

TURNOVER 40 200 81,500 4,600 14,200

9389.00 2900.00 700.00 1688.00 429.20

8547.15 2890.00 674.00 1599.95 422.51

8869.00 2890.00 674.00 1600.00 424.25

-128.00 -85.00 -35.05 -30.00 -20.49

4,620 60 700 11,220 7,900

0.87 11.85 60.85 11.24 8.98

0.47 11.18 58.11 10.63 8.40

0.53 11.32 59.04 10.86 8.56

-0.33 -0.23 -0.65 0.11 -0.19

52,515,000 16,132,000 11,860,000 11,566,500 10,972,500

Major Losers nestle Pak. bata (Pak) sanofi-aventis colgate Palmoliv national foods

9384.00 2900.00 700.00 1688.00 429.20

Volume Leaders bank of Punjab(r) lafarge Pak. engro fertilize ltd. byco Petroleum dewan cement

0.87 11.78 60.50 10.85 8.98

Interbank Rates usd gbP JPy euro

PKr 105.0869 PKr 175.2744 PKr 1.0262 PKr 144.5155

Forex australian dollar bahrain dinar canadian dollar china yuan danish Krone euro hong Kong dollar indian rupee Japanese yen Qatari riyal saudi riyal singapore dollar swedish Korona swiss franc u.a.e dirham uK Pound sterling us dollar

BUY

SELL

94.75 278.5 95.25 17.05 19 145.25 13.15 1.65 1.025 28.35 28.15 83.5 15.7 117.5 28.8 176.25 105.6

95 278.75 95.5 17.3 19.25 145.5 13.4 1.7 1.030 28.6 28.4 83.75 15.95 117.75 29.05 176.5 105.85

CORPORATE CORNER MOU signed between MCB Bank Ltd & LUMS to transform LUMS into a ‘cashless’ campus

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February 2014, Borjan Punjab Polo Cup 2014 promises a week of exhilarating show of passion & thrill. In anticipation of this gripping event, an extensive social media campaign is running on full throttle to give Borjan customers the chance to be part of the game of kings. PRESS RELEASE

Lt Gen (r) Nadeem Ahmad appointed as MD MPCL

Borjan sponsors Punjab Polo Cup 2014

HBL & Habib Metro enter into alliance

LAHORE: Borjan, a company who has always given its customers “fashion forward” shoes and accessories brings to you, Polo the game of kings. Borjan Punjab Polo Cup 2014 offers excitement & a captivating experience, As Punjab Polo Cup is one of the oldest & prestigious tournaments around, to be associated with it requires the flair & dedication. To come with such products that excite & captivate the same skill-set is proudly the hallmark of Borjan. Starting from 25th

KARACHI: HBL, Pakistan's Largest Bank and METROHabib Cash & Carry Pakistan (Pvt.) Ltd. recently entered into an agreement for merchant acquiring business, which will enable METRO Pakistan to accept payments through Credit and Debit cards POS (Pointof-Sales) machines provided by HBL. HBL has already installed POS machines at all METRO-Habib locations across Pakistan. This agreement enables METRO Pakistan to allow customers to make purchases on their credit card and debit card. PRESS RELEASE

ISLAMABAD: Lieutenant General Nadeem Ahmad HI (M), SE, TBt (Retd) has been appointed as Managing Director & CEO of Mari Petroleum Company Ltd (MPCL). Lt Gen Nadeem Ahmad (R) who has replaced Lt Gen Raza Muhammad Khan HI (M) after completion of three years tenure will assume the charge of office from 26th Feb 2014. PRESS RELEASE LAHORE: MCB Bank Ltd (MCB) and Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS) have signed anMoUto transform LUMS into a ‘cashless’campus.Thisproject will showcase MCB Lite – the world’s 1st socially connected mobile wallet –speciallydesigned to provide digital payments convenience insocially connected groups of people such as the LUMS student body, faculty and staff on campus. On the occasion of signing the MOU, LUMS Vice Chancellor Dr. Sohail Naqvi stated that, “We are excited about this partnership with MCB. This is an excellent opportunity for our students to carry out research and development on a live banking platform. We want LUMS to be a hotbed of innovation in mobile banking and technology to help define the future of consumer financial platforms for Pakistan as well as the rest of the world.” PRESS RELEASE

Dawlanceintroduces Low Voltage Startup AC! KARACHI: Dawlance the no. 1 home appliances brand of Pakistan extends its innovative Low Voltage Start-up (LVS) series with the addition of air conditioners. Aesthetically designed to overcome the low voltage and power fluctuation concerns, LVS air conditioners function smoothly even with voltages as low 155 volts without stabilizer. These new models are a smart solution to the pressing low voltage issue in Pakistan. With a classy and modern design, Dawlance LVS ACs

Oriflame: The 3 things top female tennis players want in their sports bags

PIA starts two weekly flights to Mashad KARACHI: Oriflame, the international beauty company selling direct, announced the official launch of its WTA Strong is Beautiful range. The sportswomen of the WTA (Women’s Tennis Association) have been working exclusively with Oriflame on this world-first collaboration, the result of which is three products at the top of the tennis players’ wish list. “We are a beauty company inspired by dreams. So when we asked the players of the WTA about their dream beauty products, we found that they want high performance personal care for daily freshness and hydration. That was when the WTA Strong

KARACHI: Pakistan International Airlines has started twice a week flight operation to Mashad, Iran now offering direct flights from Pakistan every Tuesday and Saturday with convenient timings. The first flight PK 253 for the sector LahoreQuetta-Mashad took off from Allama Iqbal International Airport on Tuesday Morning. The passengers of the flight were seen off by Director Marketing PIA, Mr. Sohail Yaqoob and senior officials of the airline. Federal Minister for Provincial Harmony Makhdoom Riaz Hussain Peerzada and Iranian Consul General Lahore, Mohammad Hossein Bani Asadi were the Guest of Honour. PRESS RELEASE


LEISURE 11

Wednesday, 26 Febuary, 2014

HaGaR tHE HoRRIblE

aries

taurus

gemini

You need to seize this big opportunity -or create one, if you don't see anything likely to be a hit. It's one of those days when almost anything is possible, but you have to act to create change.

You feel more connected to your people today, and it's easier than ever before to have difficult discussions when they're needed. Make sure that you're pushing for new things in your relationships.

Interpersonal business is trickier than it ought to be today -you may want to go it alone for a bit. Things should start to settle down by tomorrow, so it's not like you're heading into exile.

cancer

leo

virgo

You need to deal with something new and weird today -- so make sure that you're ready for whatever comes your way. Things are sure to get better, but only if you face today's troubles.

You are all fired up over something new and exciting -- so share it with the class! Not everyone is on the same page, but that's okay. In fact, you may form a splinter group of your own.

It's time to ask out that new hottie -- or to step up your current relationship. Your personal energy can easily be channeled into romance, so find the right person and turn on the charm!

libra

scorpio

sagittarius

You aren't quite up to the stresses of the day -- and that's fine! Sometimes you get to be sad or cranky, and as long as you're honest with yourself and your people, things should slip back into place soon.

Sure, you're ambitious -- and that's okay! It's one of those days when you can make solid plans to boost your career goals -- or anything else you want! It's easier than you'd think.

Your way of seeing the world is clear, forceful and direct. Today brings a new chance to convert others to your cause, as long as you go about it plainly. Subterfuge just isn't your style!

dIlbERt

GaRFIEld

baldo

capricorn

aQuarius

pisces

Good news is coming your way -maybe from several different sources. You should get ready to act, because things are just about to change for the better. You may feel obliged to make a big move.

Make sure you can enforce a bit of discipline on yourself today -otherwise, things are sure to fall apart by nightfall. The good news is that you should be able to get work done without distraction.

Things are going your way today, even if you feel a bit troubled by your latest setback. That's less significant than you may think, so don't worry too much about it. Face forward as much as you can!

cRosswoRd

sUdokU

ACROSS

bRIdGE

How to play fill in all the squares in the grid so that each row, column and each of the squares contains all the digits. the object is to insert the numbers in the boxes to satisfy only one condition: each row, column and 3x3 box must contain the digits 1 through 9 exactly once.

artist breakfast buys cars cliff compose cream crusade define does faint fellow fines foist fracture fudge gangs lane latitude lever

mumble necessary patch phone pose referee seas sees service tally torment tread vapor vault waste western wilt yearn

Today’s soluTions

cy's GRaNd plaN

cHEss white tO PLAY AND MAte iN fOur MOVeS 8

dOwn

7

1 european country, capital helsinki (7) 2 sea legs (anag) (7) 3 containing lots of swear-words (of language) (9) 4 let for money (5) 5 addictive drug (7) 6 boring (6) 11 remedy (9) 13 vast (7) 14 playhouse (7) 15 accompaniment added above a basic melody (7) 16 vital force — apparition (6) 18 got to know (of) (5)

6

crossword solution

5 4 3 2

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

chess solution

A

.Nh6+ gxh6 2.bxf6 Rxe1+ 3.Rxe1 bg7 4.bxg7 *

1

sudoku solution

1 prospective groom (6) 4 clearly expressed (5) 7 temper by heat treatment (6) 8 awkward — tactless (6) 9 earnings — carry on (4) 10 lying beneath what is revealed (8) 12 rebellious (11) 17 brief publication (8) 19 simple (4) 20 lease (6) 21 runs not scored from the bat (6) 22 walk (5) 23 assuming the most favourable conditions (2,4)

woRd sEaRcH


12

Wednesday, 26 February, 2014

ARTS

9 Things You ProbablY DiDn'T Know abouT Dreaming

s

lEEP has long been thought of as a way to process, sort and store the day's events, and more and more research is supporting that notion. Imagine the brain as a second gut, says Rubin Naiman, Ph.D., a clinical psychologist specializing in integrative sleep and dream medicine at the University of Arizona. "At night, the brain metaphorically swallows, digests and sifts through information, and, just like the gut, eliminates," he says. "What the brain keeps becomes a part of who we are." Dreaming, he says, is like the brain's digestive system. But there's plenty about dreaming we only think we know. Below, a few of the little-known facts and bogus myths about dreams.

1. WE DREAM ALL NIGHT LONG You've probably heard that dreams only occur during rapid eye movement or REM sleep. But we're actually constantly dreaming, says Naiman. We're more tuned in to dreams during REM sleep, he says, but just because you don't "see" the dream, doesn't mean it's not there. As the night progresses, periods of REM sleep lengthen, so the majority of our dreams occur within the latter third of the night, he says.

2. INSECTS AND FISH DON'T HAVE REM SLEEP. Although some dreams happen outside of REM sleep, identifying rapid eye movement in other species is about as close as we can get to predicting whether those creatures dream, according to University of California researchers. But all mammals and reptiles and some birds do experience REM sleep, and therefore likely dream, according to Popular Science.

3. YOU'RE LESS LIKELY TO REMEMBER A DREAM IF YOUR ALARM JOLTS YOU AWAKE. The trauma of an alarm dragging you into the waking world can cause you to forget where you were floating just moments before. The best way to remember your dreams, says Naiman, is to allow yourself to wake up slowly, over a matter of minutes, lolling about in your grogginess. Just don't try too hard to hold onto those fleeting images. "If you chase a dream, it's going to run away," he says.

4. PEOPLE WHO REMEMBER THEIR DREAMS SHOW DIFFERENT BRAIN ACTIVITY. A 2014 study found more spontaneous activity in a part of the brain called the temporo-parietal junction among people who regularly recall their dreams, compared with people who rarely do. The differences weren't just during sleep, but also while study participants were awake. Previous research found that people who remember more dreams also react more to sounds during sleep (and while awake) than people who don't remember many dreams.

5. YOUR BODY REACTS TO DREAMS AS IT WOULD IF YOU WERE AWAKE. There's little as frustrating as waking up mad at someone from something he or she did in a dream, only to realize there's no way you can talk those feelings out and still sound sane. But biologically, it makes sense that those feelings linger after your eyes open, says Naiman. "The experience we have in the dream registers in the body and in the brain

in almost exactly the same way," he says. Your blood pressure or heart rate might spike, for example, like in a real-life stressful scenario, helping to cement those emotional experiences of the dream, he says.

6. WE DREAM IN REAL TIME. Despite the myth that our dreams occur in a split second, in reality dreams can play out for 20, 30, even 60 minutes, says Naiman. They're likely only a couple of minutes long at the beginning of the night and lengthen along with REM periods as the night progresses.

7. NIGHTMARES AREN'T ALWAYS ABOUT FEAR. Bad dreams are surely scary, but there are other underlying emotions at work. In a 2014 study, researchers analyzed dream logs of 331 people and found that many nightmares and bad dreams elicited feelings of failure, worry, confusion, sadness and guilt. The researchers also found that men are more likely to have bad dreams centered around violence or physical aggression, while women's bad dreams focused on relationship conflict.

BOTOX CAN HELP STROKE VICTIMS Wrinkle treatment Botox is being used to help stroke victims who suffer from paralysed or stiff limbs. When injected into the ankle, it eases painful muscle spasms and allows the foot to function more normally. Thousands of stroke patients each year are left with paralysis or spasticity where the muscles are stiff and tight and resist being stretched. Botox jabs are already used to treat upper limb problems, such as a tight fist or fingers, but this is the first time they have been approved for lower limb disability, such as a stuck or ‘drop’ foot that cannot be straightened properly. Based on the toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum, Botox works by blocking signals from nerves to muscles, reducing contractions. Professor Anthony Ward, of the North Staffordshire Rehabilitation Centre, said, ‘This is one of the most important advances the poststroke spasticity community has seen for years and will hopefully bring additional recognition to this complex and disabling condition. ‘Studies show that Botox treatment can significantly improve the muscle tone in stroke survivors with lower limb spasticity. By allowing the ankle to function more normally, this can bring important mobility and physical benefits to patients, even those who have been suffering from this condition for many years.’ There are more than one million stroke survivors, with one in three suffering abnormal tightness in their muscles. In two thirds of cases it affects lower limbs, including pointed feet. However, surgery is not

always successful and many patients cannot take muscle-relaxing drugs due to side effects. Botox targets the stiff muscles directly and does not affect the rest of the body. The benefits wear off after a few months but it can be used repeatedly. ONLINE

WHATSAPP TO ADD VOICE CALLS AFTER FACEBOOK ACQUISITION WhatsApp will add free voice-call services for its 450 million customers later this year, laying down a new challenge to telecom network operators just days after Facebook Inc scooped it up for $19 billion. The text-based messaging service aims to let users make calls by the second quarter, expanding its appeal to help it hit a billion users, WhatsApp CEO Jan Koum said at the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona on Monday. Buying WhatsApp has cemented Facebook's involvement in messaging, which for many people is their earliest experience with the mobile Internet. Adding voice services moves the social network into another core function on a smartphone. WhatsApp's move into voice calls is unlikely to sit well with telecoms carriers. WhatsApp and its rivals, like KakaoTalk, China's WeChat, and Viber, have won over telecom operators' customers in recent years by offering a free option to text messaging. Telecom providers globally generated revenue of about $120 billion from text messaging last year, according to market researcher Ovum. Adding free calls threatens another telecom revenue source, which has been declining anyway as carriers' tweak tariffs to focus on mobile data instead of calls. AGENCIES

CMYK

8. YOUR DREAMS AREN'T WEIRD, THAT IS, UNTIL YOU CALL THEM WEIRD. "When you're having the dream, no matter how 'weird' it is -- you're in a poker game with a giant green squirrel and Queen Mary -- it's not weird," says Naiman. "It's only after you wake up and step into the waking world and look at the dream that it seems weird." Comparing "weird" in the dreaming and waking worlds is like comparing dietary customs in two wildly different cultures, he says, making one seem strange in the context of the other. "We need to refrain from exclusively interpreting dreams from the waking world," he says -- which means it's time to toss those dream dictionaries.

9. YOU CAN DIE IN YOUR DREAMS -AND LIVE TO TELL THE TALE. A great number of people believe the popular myth that dying in a dream means... you're dead, but Naiman says there's no truth to it. In fact, he encourages exploring, saying, "If you ever have an opportunity to die in a dream, I say go for it!" Many people report death in dreams to be rather anti-climatic, he says. COURTESY HUFFINGTON POST

TURN YOUR SMARTPHONE INTO A GAME BOY With its big red buttons, green screen, and dodgy sound effects, the original Game Boy is part of retro gaming history. But now nostalgic fans can replicate the classic console on their smartphones thanks to a website. The Game Boy emulator recreates the handset on users' screens and allows them to play 13 games including Mario Land, Tetris and Space Invaders. Simply open the page benmidi.com/gameboy/ on an Android or iPhone device in order to play. All the game requires is a touchscreen in order to use the buttons, which means it cannot be played on a PC. Created by Ben Midi it uses the same controls as the original console, but adapted for use on a smartphone touchscreen. Available for Android or iPhone handsets, it can be played in either portrait or landscape mode, allowing gamers more room to use the buttons. ONLINE

A BAD MOOD MAKES YOU CHOOSE JUNK FOOD, SAY RESEARCHERS You are much more likely to indulge in junk food when you descend into a bad mood, say researchers. And when you are feeling good, you are far more inclined to plump for healthier options. According to the American research team, an upbeat state of mind means that you’re more likely to be thinking about your future and, crucially, recognising the long-term benefits of consuming nutritious food. Research by University of Delaware associate professor Meryl Gardner concluded that a ‘perspective of time’ helped people make better choices. Her team conducted experiments to examine whether people in a positive mood would choose healthy food while those in a negative mood would make indulgent choices for immediate reward. Professor Gardner said that when people are in a bad mood they focus on ‘what is close physically and what is close in time’. She added: ‘If people in a bad mood choose to eat foods that have an immediate, indulgent reward, it might be more effective to call their attention to more innocuous ways to enhance their mood.’ VIA DIALY MAIL


Wednesday, 26 February, 2014

ARTS

13

Gul Ahmed warms up season with digital silk collection KARACHI STAFF REPORT

A

S temperatures rise and the new season sets in, Gul Ahmed has launched a new line of prints. On February 21 at FPW-2014, Gul Ahmed showcased designs that are exaggerated yet wearable and also bring in a mix of wardrobe essentials to create the perfect mishmash. “The entire collection is transformed into creative designs filled with exuberance. We have created elaborate and technically marvellous garments that would drive anyone wanting for more,” said Gul Ahmed Chairman Bashir Ahmed. The collection is a reflection of both creativity and style, comprising mixed separates and a vibrant colour palette for the young at heart. The upcoming statement skirt is all set to be the next must have. The digital prints of the new collection are inspired by Islamic art and baroque, which has a royal factor to it. The artistic style focuses on luxurious elements to insinuate the calmness brought out by an assortment of blues. Draped silks make up lines to flatter anyone and are eye-catching.

Gul Ahmed history: The Gul Ahmed Group began trading in textiles in the early 20th century. In 1953, the group started manufacturing under the name Gul Ahmed Textile Mills Limited. Since then the company has made rapid progress and is currently one of the leading composite textile houses in the world. The manufacturing cycle, which includes spinning, weaving, processing, designing and stitching, results in an end product that is tailored to the most stringent customer requirements. Its the top company and produces best quality fabrics. Huge in home textiles and largest in Pakistan for fashion fabrics.

Kumar's sister to design outfit for Shakira

On the retail front, Ideas by Gul Ahmed offers fabrics and made-ups, ranging from home accessories to clothing. The trend of ready-to-wear apparel G women and G pret has taken retail stores by storm. G-Pret is a formal line dictated and influenced by various fashion trends and styles. It is simple yet grandeur and plush. Gul Ahmed not only provides fashion at great value, but also caters to various customer needs by offering a diverse product mix. This leads to a complete and enjoyable retail experience. As a result of this, the chain has expanded more than 50 stores across Pakistan and is also stocking worldwide.

Highway incomplete till Naseeruddin watches it: Hooda NEWSDESK

International superstar Shakira, who returns as a coach on "The Voice", will be seen in Indian designer Khushali Kumar's outfit in the premier episode of the season six of the TV show. She has zeroed on a gunmetal short dress from Kumar's label Reve for the premiere episode, Monday. "After privately viewing the collection, well-known styling duo Rob Zangardi & Mariel Haenn immediately knew that the intricate Indian line, Reve by Khushali Kumar was a great fit for new mother, Shakira," Kate, US media and celebrity liaison for Reve by Khushali Kumar said in a statement. "The look that they were going for was sexy, glamorous and unique and Reve delivered the same! Rob was drawn to this line, which is fairly new in the US market, as he loved the use of mixed materials. Feminine tulle paired with edgy chain details was extremely fitting for an icon such as Shakira," added Kate. It seems Khushali has got a firm foothold in Hollywood as she has just finished styling for Justin Beiber's new video "Wait For a Minute". NEWSDESK

Actor Randeep Hooda, a huge fan of Naseeruddin Shah, says his latest film "Highway" will remain incomplete until the veteran actor watches it. "For me, 'Highway' is incomplete till Naseeruddin sir watches it. I am eagerly waiting for his review. I want him to see the film and sit down with me and discuss about it," Randeep said. "He has been receiving a lot of calls from the many people praising my work. So he is very happy about it," added the actor, who has worked with Naseeruddin on the theatre platform too. Randeep had earlier organised a special screening of "Highway" for Naseeruddin, but the latter could not make it. "Unfortunately, he couldn't make it for the screening.

NEWSDESK

Nonetheless, he will soon watch the film," he said. "Highway" has opened to mixed reactions, but Randeep is confident that the movie will pick up on word of mouth. "When we made this film, we were certain that this film was

Priyanka impresses her boxing coach NEWSDESK Priyanka Chopra, who will be playing the role of Olympic medalist Mary Kom for Sanjay Leela Bhansali's next, has been training around the clock to look and feel every bit the part. The actress has been training with boxing coach Ravi Saharn for over the last year and seems to have impressed him to no end by her dedication to learn and hone the sport. Ravi Saharn says, "Priyanka has

Google search reveals possible winners of Oscars

impressed me with her professionalism and dedication. There have been times when she has been hurt during the training but that has never been an issue with her which is admirable.” Saharn added that for the film, Priyanka has been training for 5-6 hours a day and that the training comprises running, skipping, sparring and other exercises to get in shape. "For this film, Priyanka is actually training to box and not to just appear as if she is boxing," added the coach.

CMYK

not a huge opener kind of a film. The film has received mixed reactions and I hope the film will pick up over word of mouth. So far the reviews have been favourable for me and for the film," the 37-year-old said.

Whether you are a film buff, movie critic or a fashion fan, everyone is awaiting the Oscars with bated breath. Each year, as the Academy Awards inches closer, there is a major spike in search traffic related to the event. Viewers and users search for their favourite celebrities, most stylish look etc. Google has analysed the top category nominees and trends, based on the top searches on the search engine. Following is the worldwide Google search trends on Oscars as released by the search engine in a statement: Best movie: Directed by Martin Scorsese, "The Wolf of Wall Street" released a few weeks ahead of the New Year has gained much interest from viewers across the world and has topped the search charts in this category. Best actor: Winner of the Golden Globe Award for best actor and Academy Award nominee American actorproducer Leonardo DiCaprio is the most popular nominee in the race for best actor. Best actress: Academy Award Winner Sandra Bullock is leading the race in the best actress category, although Meryl Streep could well be a dark horse for this year's Academy Award. Actor in supporting role: Jared Leto from the "Dallas Buyers Club", directed by Jean-Marc Vallee, is the most searched Oscar nominee. Actress in supporting role: If Google search trends are something to go by, Jennifer Lawrence for "American Hustle" could well be honoured with the Academy Award for actress in supporting role. Foreign language film: Winner of the Golden Globe Award, 2013 Italian film "The Great Beauty" (Italian: "La Grande Bellezza"), directed by Paolo Sorrentino, seems to be the favourite nominee for best foreign language film.


14 SPORTS

Wednesday, 26 February, 2014

Malinga

FIVE-FOR CUTS PAKISTAN SHORT FaTullah

l

aGeNcIeS

ASITH Malinga reasserted his skill for rattling chases in a tight finish, after Lahiru Thirimanne had proclaimed his relevance to the ODI format, as Sri Lanka sputtered to a thrilling win in the Asia Cup opener in Fatullah. Pakistan lost their top order cheaply, surged, collapsed, then surged briefly again, in search of 297, but the total that had been set up by Thirimanne's 102 was 12 too many, despite half-centuries from Misbah-ul-Haq and Umar Akmal. Malinga's 5 for 52 was his first in ODIs since January 2012, as he claimed the two last Pakistan scalps in an unflappable 49th over replete with tailing yorkers. Bilawal Bhatti and Saeed Ajmal had managed 17 runs from the previous over to whittle the requirement down to 17 from two overs, but Ajmal was caught in front by a yorker, and Bhatti had one clatter into his off stump. Bhatti's wicket was Malinga's 250th, and he achieved the milestone faster than any other Sri Lanka bowler, beating Muttiah Muralitharan by 11 matches. Pakistan had earlier seemed in control, with 55 needed off 46 balls and six wickets in hand, thanks to the 121-run stand between Misbah and Akmal. But Malinga was vital to quelling that charge too. He struck

twice in four balls in the 45th over, to swing the match strongly in Sri Lanka's favour, before dismissing Umar Gul in his next. All of his wickets came in his last 15 balls. Thirimanne's 161-run stand, off 146 balls, with Kumar Sangakkara had been the centrepiece of Sri Lanka's innings. Joined after a mediocre start, the pair pushed the run rate close to six, promising a total well in excess of 300, but a stutter in the batting Powerplay and a focused Pakistan, led by Saeed Ajmal, in the late overs ensured they did not finish with force. Thirimanne, backed by the selectors to open instead of Mahela Jayawardene, was fluent from the outset, and despite his strike rate of 92.72, was rarely ruled by aggression. A crisp cover drive off Gul brought him his first boundary in the second over, and that stroke - his favourite - would prove equally productive against spin. Casually authoritative on the off side to begin with, Thirimanne eventually added a leg side element to his play, even swinging Mohammad Hafeez over deep midwicket for six, in the 31st over. In between the sweetly struck fours, Thirimanne was also adept at measuring singles. Aided by a surface that offered little seam movement and appreciable turn, and by Sangakkara's enterprise at the other end, he eased to his half-century in the 20th over, then launched an offensive alongside the senior man after the 25th.

BCB CALLS UP MUSHFIQUR ON SELECTION COMMENT

Crucially, for a batsman who has spent much of the past two months sidelined with injury, Thirimanne was as stoic as he was confident. The nineties drew no fidgets or hair-brained strokes. He flitted through them, as he had done throughout his stay, to record his second triple-figure score in ODIs. The milestone, fittingly, came from a cover drive. The celebration, typically, was understated. Though Thirimanne had modeled his strokes and approach on his senior partner, Sangakkara had not been quite so mellow. Often he strode forward against the quicks, making the length deliveries overpitched, and his initiative became Sri Lanka's impetus. He hit 67 from 65 balls, before thumping an Umar Gul bouncer to the only infielder on the leg side. Angelo Mathews embellished his regained stature as a finisher with an unbeaten 55 off 50 balls, but he could not attack with much abandon at the close, because he could not find a secure ally at the other end.

SrI LaNKa MdKJ Perera c †Umar akmal b Umar Gul 14 102 HdrL Thirimanne b Saeed ajmal 67 Kc Sangakkara c ahmed Shehzad b Umar Gul dPMd Jayawardene b Shahid afridi 13 55 ad Mathews not out 6 NLTc Perera c ahmed Shehzad b Shahid afridi 2 Pc de Silva run out (ahmed Shehzad) Ld chandimal not out 19 18 eXTraS (b 4, lb 6, w 8) 296 ToTaL (6 wickets; 50 overs) dId NoT baT SMSM Senanayake, SL Malinga, raS Lakmal FaLL oF WIcKeTS 1-28 (MdKJ Perera, 7.3 ov), 2-189 (Sangakkara, 31.5 ov), 3-204 (Thirimanne, 35.2 ov), 4-224 (Jayawardene, 38.5 ov), 5-245 (NLTc Perera, 42.1 ov), 6-251 (de Silva, 43.3 ov) boWLING Mohammad Hafeez 9-0-54-0, Umar Gul 8-0-38-2, Junaid Khan 9-0-61-0, bilawal bhatti 4-0-27-0, Saeed ajmal 10-0-50-1, Shahid afridi 10-0-56-2 PaKISTaN 26 Sharjeel Khan c Mathews b Lakmal ahmed Shehzad b de Silva 28 Mohammad Hafeez lbw b Mathews 18 17 Sohaib Maqsood c de Silva b Senanayake 73 Misbah-ul-Haq c Senanayake b Malinga Umar akmal c †Sangakkara b Lakmal 74

4 Shahid afridi c chandimal b Malinga bilawal bhatti b Malinga 18 2 Umar Gul c de Silva b Malinga 10 Saeed ajmal lbw b Malinga Junaid Khan not out 1 13 eXTraS (lb 3, w 10) 284 ToTaL (all out; 48.5 overs) FaLL oF WIcKeTS 1-28 (Sharjeel Khan, 6.1 ov), 2-77 (ahmed Shehzad, 12.3 ov), 3-83 (Mohammad Hafeez, 13.3 ov), 4-121 (Sohaib Maqsood, 23.3 ov), 5-242 (Umar akmal, 42.3 ov), 6252 (Shahid afridi, 44.4 ov), 7-254 (Misbah-ul-Haq, 44.6 ov), 8-262 (Umar Gul, 46.5 ov), 9-281 (Saeed ajmal, 48.2 ov), 10284 (bilawal bhatti, 48.5 ov) boWLING SL Malinga 9.5-0-52-5, raS Lakmal 9-1-65-2, SMSM Senanayake 9-0-47-1, Pc de Silva 10-1-56-1, NLTc Perera 6-036-0, ad Mathews 5-1-25-1 Match details Toss Sri Lanka, who chose to bat Points Sri Lanka 4, Pakistan 0 odI debut Pc de Silva (Sri Lanka) Player of the match SL Malinga (Sri Lanka) Umpires Jd cloete (South africa) and bNJ oxenford (australia) TV umpire anisur rahman Match referee JJ crowe (New Zealand) reserve umpire Masudur rahman

ROGERS SURVIVES ONCE MORE SPORTS DESK Three times, in three series, on three continents, Chris Rogers has walked out to bat thinking it might be the last time he played for Australia. On each occasion, he has played with the freedom that can otherwise elude him, exhibiting the fine balance of functional and fluent cricket that epitomises his best work, and walked off with a score to ensure it would not be the last time.

SPORTS DESK Bangladesh captain Mushfiqur Rahim attended a hearing with top BCB officials after saying on Sunday that he was shocked with chief selector Faruque Ahmed's selection of the Asia Cup squad. BCB director Akram Khan, also the chairman of the cricket operations committee, said he and acting chief executive Nizamuddin Ahmed discussed the matter with Mushfiqur, Faruque and coach Shane Jurgensen. But neither he nor Nizamuddin revealed if there was any action taken on Mushfiqur. "We held a type of a hearing with Mushfiqur," Akram said. "We sat with him first. We discussed the code of conduct, his communication gap with Faruque bhai. We talked to both about these issues. I don't think there will be any more problems like this. "During my time as a chief selector, there was no provision for the selectors to select the team along with the captain. Similarly, the captain doesn't have to take the selectors' suggestion when he picks up the playing XI. It is a matter of understanding, that the selectors and captain take each others' opinion when picking a squad and a playing XI." The incumbent Faruque has said that coach Jurgensen had attended a discussion with the selectors regarding the Asia Cup squad, and it was understood at the time that the team management had been already represented. "When we made this team, we had a long discussion with the coach," Faruque said. "We understood that since the coach attended, he was representing the captain too. When we do discussion on playing XI, it is not necessary that all three selectors attend the meetings. If I attend, then I am representing the selection committee. I think it is good that such a thing has come up, so that now the BCB can make discussion mandatory. This will be my strong recommendation. "It is not clearly mentioned in our job description that we are bound to consult someone while making a 15-man squad. It is the same with the captain when he is making a playing XI. He can talk to us about a specific issue but they are not bound to do so," he said. Faruque said he understood Mushfiqur's sentiment, having been a captain himself during his playing days. He said that Mushfiqur's comments were a "misunderstanding". "I have captained Bangladesh and at the club-level for almost 17 years, so I am well placed to understand how important the captain has to take all the pressure," he said.

Scoreboard

PORT ElizabETh aGeNcIeS

David Warner has raised a query over South Africa's handling of the ball during their victory in Port Elizabeth and said the Australians would speak to the umpires about the issue of scuffing the ball. The South Africa attack found greater reverse swing during the second Test than Australia, which contributed to their win, and Warner conceded that both teams worked on the ball in an attempt to gain an advantage. However, he said the Australians would check with the umpires on the method of handling the ball used by South Africa's wicketkeeper AB de Villiers. "I think it comes down to the umpires warning both teams not to throw the ball into the wicket which you generally try and do," Warner told Sky Sports Radio. "They did it better than what we did, or more obvious than what we did. At the end of the day it comes down to who can do that the best and work on the ball. "We worked on the ball a lot in England and

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An admirable century in Port Elizabeth arrived with Shane Watson looming as an inclusion for Cape Town. Beyond this series, Cricket Australia's list of central contracts will be named. Rogers' place for now and the next 12 months hinged on an innings played in vexing and unfamiliar conditions against the world's best attack. At 36, having begun his Test career well after he had given up hope of having one, Rogers is only ever two or three innings away from the edge. When he can actually see the precipice, it seems to help. "I'm not stupid. I knew full well that I was under pressure," Rogers said. "You can't perform the way I had for Australia, particularly when we're doing well. Because there's other guys who want to get into the side. I knew I was under pressure and that Shane was a good chance to play in the last game. In some respects I stopped worrying. I thought 'whatever happens, happens'. And I think if anything I'd been worrying about it too much. It was almost a bit of relief to just go out there, not worry about it and just play the situation of the game. "This was always going to be a big tour for the side and for me personally. I've been trying hard. I probably hit more balls in the nets [before a game] than I ever have. Maybe I've been trying too hard, and that's one of the traps you can get into. Not doing the simple things that you've always done. So I probably just thought it's time to stop worrying and just play, and maybe that helped a little bit in this innings."

WARNER QUERIES SOUTH AFRICA SWING TACTICS

we got the ball to reverse a lot there and we got the ball reversing a little at home and this time it just

NIGERIA ARRIVE FOR SHORT SRI LANKA VISIT SPORTS DESK Nigeria landed in Colombo on Sunday for a nine-day tour during which they will play four Twenty20s. Sri Lanka Cricket said it was hosting the Nigeria national team to "uplift the standard of cricket of the Associate Members of ICC". The tour by Nigeria comes three months after Kenya had played seven Twenty20s in Sri Lanka. The opposition for Kenya had been a strong Sri Lanka A team which included the likes of Dinesh Chandimal, Lahiru Thirimanne and Shaminda Eranga. Over the last month, Sri Lanka had also hosted Afghanistan's training camp for the Asia Cup.

didn't work for us because the outfield was probably a little bit moist under the ground and day one it was obviously quite hard to get it to go reverse as well. That's what happens in the game. You have to try and work out how to do that. Sometimes that happens. "We were actually questioning whether or not AB de Villiers would get the ball in his hand and with his glove wipe the rough side every ball. That's another thing we have to try and bring up with the umpires." Whatever the case, the Australians will need to work on their ability to handle high-class swing bowling over the next few days after Dale Steyn and his colleagues destroyed Australia on the fourth day in Port Elizabeth. The deciding third Test begins in Cape Town on Saturday. Warner's questions come four months after South Africa batsman Faf du Flessis was fined for ball-tampering during the Dubai Test against Pakistan. Television visuals had showed du Plessis rubbing the ball near the zipper of his trouser pocket, after which the umpires changed the ball and awarded a five-run penalty.


SPORTS 15

Wednesday, 26 February, 2014

FaTullah

T

aGeNcIeS

HE last time India and Bangladesh met in an ODI was in the 2012 Asia Cup. Then, the hype over Sachin Tendulkar's 100th international hundred was deflated by Mushfiqur Rahim and Shakib Al Hasan's well-executed chase of 290. The memory of that match is something Mushfiqur Rahim will want to go back to in order to boost the sagging spirits of his team. Bangladesh's preparations for the tournament have hardly been ideal. The 3-0 series loss to Sri Lanka was followed by Shakib Al Hasan's three-match suspension and then Mushfiqur publicly aired his disappointment at not being consulted over Asia Cup selections. Tamim Iqbal, the second highest run-getter in ODIs for Bangladesh, is out due to injury and the captain and Mashrafe Mortaza are also carrying niggles. In the last ODI against Sri Lanka, Bangladesh's middle order, floundering previously in the series, showed some inclination to work for a start. Against India, who have a strong batting side even without MS Dhoni, they will need to go one better and build on the thirties and forties. They need to curb the tendency to suddenly give away their wickets. In 2012, Mushfiqur had singled out India's bowling as a weakness and that remains true today. Their bowling struggled in New Zealand, and for this tournament they have a relatively raw pace line-up on flat tracks. India's batsmen, except Virat Kohli and Dhoni, struggled for runs in New

Zealand but the subcontinent tracks may allow a few of them to find form. There will also be considerable focus on Kohli in his first high-profile assignment as India captain. Kohli has had two previous stints as captain - in the tri-series against West Indies last year and five ODIs in Zimbabwe. India's brand-new middle order, brought together by injury and exclusions due to bad form, will be tested. The last Indian team that did not feature MS Dhoni, Yuvraj Singh or Suresh Raina played in January 2004. Ajinkya Rahane was patchy in the ODIs against New Zealand, while Ambati Rayudu only had a couple of chances. The line-up will be bolstered by Dinesh Karthik, though, as the wicketkeeper has been in good form. Allrounder Ziaur Rahman was brought into the side to replace an out-of-form Mahmudullah at No. 7. He has two fifties and a mammoth hundred in three of his last four first-class games. This is his chance to stake a claim for a more stable position in the team. The composition of India's pace attack and the side's batting depth are the key questions. Cheteshwar Pujara may get in a look-in and India are likely to choose a bowling attack of three seamers and a spinner. If Mushfiqur Rahim keeps wicket, Imrul Kayes will replace Anamul Haque as opener, after Anamul's failures in the Sri Lanka series. Ziaur Rahman is likely to replace Mahmudullah while Naeem Islam will continue to play in Shakib Al Hasan's place. The teams are likely to play on another flat deck but dew may become a factor for the side fielding second. In the current squad, Virat Kohli has

scored the most runs against Bangladesh in ODIs - 370 runs in five games with two hundreds and two fifties. Kohli has also played the most number of games against Bangladesh among the current Indian squad.

INdIa (ProbabLe): 1 Shikhar dhawan, 2 rohit Sharma, 3 Virat Kohli (capt), 4 cheteshwar Pujara, 5 ajinkya rahane/ambati rayudu, 6 dinesh Karthik (wk), 7 ravindra Jadeja, 8 r ashwin, 9 bhuvneshwar Kumar, 10 Mohammed Shami, 11 Varun aaron

NO 'UPSET' IF BANGLADESH BEAT INDIA: MASHRAFE SPORTS DESK Mashrafe Mortaza took slight at the use of the word "upset" when questioned about Bangladesh's chances against India. Mashrafe, who picked up two wickets including Sachin Tendulkar's in Bangladesh's win against India in their last Asia Cup match in 2012, said the younger players are keen to show their best. The two teams kick off their Asia Cup campaigns on Wednesday in Fatullah. "I don't count it as an upset if we win against India," Mashrafe said. "We have done it before. They have been playing in different wickets in South Africa and New Zealand but do well in the sub-continent, and we know this well. "We are playing at home where the support and conditions are known. If we can come up with our best cricket I think we can fight it out. Everyone is excited, especially the younger players. They want to show something. We are playing at a major event, and I know that everyone is trying their best. If most of us perform, it is easier for us to win." Back during the 2012 Asia Cup, Bangladesh crashed Tendulkar's 100th

GAUTAM GAMBHIR DENIES ABUSING DELHI CURATOR SPORTS DESK Making a comeback to the Indian side can be harder than getting the first callup, it is often said. While experiencing it first hand, Gautam Gambhir, who last played for India in January 2013 and is now captaining Delhi, is also repeatedly hitting a wall, Venkat Sundaram, the pitch curator of Feroz Shah Kotla Satdium. It is learnt that on Monday, Gambhir and Sundaram had an argument about the pitch preparation, after which Gambhir released a statement saying that Sundaram's accusations that he used foul language are false. In the statement he acknowledged having disagreements with Sundaram. This was not a first. During the Ranji season, Gambhir had three of Delhi's four home games moved to Roshanara Club Ground, where the track usually supports fast bowlers, because he knew that the customarily flat Kotla track wouldn't give him outright results. Now that Delhi return to Kotla for the onedayers, the disagreements continued, and Sundaram is understood to have complained officially to Delhi and Districts Cricket Association (DDCA).

hundred party, by pulling off a 290-run chase. Previously, Bangladesh beat India at home in 2004 and more famously dur-

ing the 2007 World Cup, with Mashrafe performing well on both occasions. But given Bangladesh's current form -

they lost the home series to Sri Lanka 3-0 last week - it will be a major turnaround if they are able to actually play better cricket than India. On top of that, they are without Tamim Iqbal, who is out due to injury, and Shakib Al Hasan, who has been suspended by the BCB. "I think we have to perform together and stay as a team," Mashrafe said. "On-field performance will definitely have an effect on our mentality so we have to do well out there. Everyone in the team has remained positive, and we will all try to support the team. Those two [Shakib Al Hasan and Tamim Iqbal] are big players. We will miss them. But we have good players, from whom we can expect a good result." Realistically, the team has enough performers to give India a close contest. Mushfiqur Rahim, Naeem Islam, Mominul Haque and Mashrafe Mortaza will be among those players on whom a lot will depend. Mashrafe has now played in 50 Bangladesh wins in which he has averaged 18.84 with the ball. But in the three wins against India, his performance has been better, averaging 14.75 per wicket. But Mashrafe said that he is not too focused on the previous victories against India.

WE BETTERED OUR EXPECTATIONS: RHODES Dubai aGeNcIeS

Since winning the Under-19 World Cup in 1998, England had made it to the semi-finals in 2004 and 2006 but their performances in the next three World Cups were underwhelming. That they actually made it to the final four in 2014 and were within touching distance of entering the summit clash has come as a surprise to the players themselves, starting with their captain Will Rhodes. A look at England's performances in the build-up to the World Cup could explain why expectations back home may have been low. They had failed to win any of their three series, including getting thrashed 5-0 by South Africa and losing two tri-series finals to Pakistan, back at home and again in the UAE late last year. In contrast, India had won all four series they had played and ironically, England will finish the World Cup with a higher position. "I think we have bettered them (expectations)," Rhodes said after losing a tense semi-final to Pakistan. "Every team comes here to win the tournament and we genuinely thought we could win it - but we didn't think we would play such good cricket as we have. "We knew we could play good cricket but we have never really strung it together in previous tours. To do that was fantastic." England recorded comprehensive wins against UAE and New Zealand, but their matches against Sri Lanka, India and Pakistan went down to the wire. They beat the defending champions India in the quarter-finals and made Pakistan sweat after posting a modest 204. "We haven't been in that situation before in an England shirt, a few of us have done it for our counties, but to experience it at a ground like this on such a big stage, was nerve-racking," Rhodes said. "It was the first time a few of us had fielded under the lights as well, which never helps but it was something we can learn from and take into the summer."

Pakistan had recovered from a wobbly 57 for 4 via a fifthwicket stand of 74 but once England broke through, there was a heated exchange between a few of their players and Zafar Gohar. Both teams later played down the incident, and Rhodes said that what happens on the field stays on the field. "It was just the heat of the moment. We have played against Pakistan so many times and have got to know their lads well," Rhodes said. "A few words never hurt anyone. I don't know what was said, it is all past now and there are no regrets."

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baNGLadeSH (ProbabLe): 1 Shamsur rahman, 2 Imrul Kayes/anamul Haque (wk), 3 Mominul Haque, 4 Mushfiqur rahim (capt), 5 Naeem Islam, 6 Nasir Hossain, 7 Ziaur rahman, 8 Sohag Gazi, 9 Mashrafe Mortaza, 10 abdur razzak, 11 rubel Hossain

DELAY TO SURGERY HURTS THAKOR

SPORTS DESK Leicestershire allrounder Shiv Thakor is set to be out of action until the end of June after undergoing a second operation in two months to fix a troublesome broken finger which he played with throughout the 2013 season. Thakor initially broke the middle finger of his left hand in the opening game of the England Under19 tour of South Africa in January of last year, with the ECB insisting he return to the UK to have an operation as soon as possible. But Leicestershire asked him to delay surgery so that he would not miss the start of the summer. As a result, the middle finger set in a position overlapping his ring finger, meaning he could barely grip his top hand onto the bat. Fielding was almost impossible, with Thakor having to go for almost everything with his right hand. Thakor wanted to undergo surgery straightaway, which would have meant missing the beginning of the summer. After consulting with specialists, Leicestershire advised against an operation, telling Thakor to manage the injury throughout the season, before seeking further help at the end of the year. Despite the appearance of his finger and the pain he was suffering, he was not offered the option of a mid-season operation, despite consultations with a hand surgeon in London who felt the finger needed treatment straight away. Eventually, almost 11 months after the break occurred, he went for surgery in Leeds, by which time complications had arisen. The first operation last December was supposed to correct the shape of the finger and allow it to bend.


ADVERTISEMENT Wednesday, 26 February, 2014

Published by Arif Nizami at Plot # 7, Al-Baber Centre, F/8 Markaz, Islamabad.

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E paper 26th february (khi)  
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