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Words matter as Pm addresses khakis today Saturday, 19 April, 2014 Jamadi-us-Sani 18, 1435 Rs 17.00 Vol IV No 290 16 Pages Islamabad Edition

more inside

imran fails to send naB chief Back to Pavilion PAGE 02 Zardari has assured nawaZ of PPo suPPort, reveals sadiq PAGE 03


the tone and tenor of Prime minister nawaz sharif’s speech at the passing out parade at kakul and the following actions would define and determine the fate of relations between the civilian and military leadership. story on Page 03

khawaja asif takes u-turn, calls Pakistan army an asset federal caBinet aPProves major energy contracts Ministers give nod to LNG import from Qatar, electricity import from Iran story on Page 02

story on Page 03

Senators want civilian govt, not military, to determine foreign policy story on Page 04


Saturday, 19 April 2014



n a bid to meet the country’s energy needs in the short and long-terms, the federal cabinet on Friday approved the fasttracking of $1.2 billion-worth liquefied natural gas (LnG) services agreement with Engro Pak Terminal Limited (EPTL), while also giving approval to a memorandum of understanding (MoU) for import of 3,000MW from Iran under a longterm contract. The meeting also endorsed the decisions taken during the Cabinet Committee on national Security (CCnS), supporting the government’s decision to continue peace dialogue with the banned Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) despite their ending of the ceasefire. The cabinet’s approval for a deal with the EPTL would help import liquefied natural gas (LnG) from Qatar. For the purpose, the government will sign an agreement with Engro which would provide services of its terminal for storing LnG. The government would pay $0.66/MMBTU for LnG services project secured through competitive bidding process by Ministry of Petroleum and natural Resources. The cabinet also decided that the policy guidelines of the tariff shall be


conveyed to the OGRA. It was further decided that the other aspects of the commercial agreement will be settled between the two parties – SSGC and EPTL. LNG PRICING: Minister for Petroleum Shahid Khaqan Abbasi while briefing the cabinet said that the price of LnG is competitive with the international market. He said that the contract will be for 15 years and will provide 200 MMBTU of LnG in 1st year and it would be increased to 400 MMBTU from the second year. The import of 400 Million Cubic Feet per Day (MMCFD) of LnG would help save up to $1 billion dollars annually, officials in the petroleum ministry said. Global power generation efficiency average from gas is almost 45 percent which is 10 percent more than the 35 percent efficiency level of oil based power plants. If oil is replaced with proposed 4 MMCFD of LnG per annum, it will give a cost advantage of nearly $1 billion per year over fuel oils including diesel and furnace oil. The government is trying to bring the first shipment of imported LnG by the end of november 2014. Under the LnG services agreement, the SSGCL would pay 0.66cents/mmbtu to EVTL on account of terminal charges, as terminal would be used for re-gasification and storage

IMRAN FAILS TO SEND NAB CHIEF BACK TO PAVILION SC DISPOSES OF PTI CHIEF’S PETITION AGAINST APPOINTMENT OF CHAUDHRY QAMAR ZAMAN AS NAB CHAIRMAN ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT The Supreme Court on Friday declared the appointment of Qamar Zaman Chaudhry as chairman National Accountability Bureau (NAB) as legal. A threemember bench of the apex court headed by Justice Nasirul Mulk disposed of a petition filed by Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) chief Imran Khan against Chaudhry’s appointment as NAB chairman. During the course of proceeding, Barrister Aitzaz Ahsan, counsel for leader of the opposition in the National Assembly, said that the petition against appointment of Major (r) Chaudhry Qamar Zaman as chairman of the anti-graft

body was inadmissible. The Supreme Court had allowed the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) to become party in the case last month. After getting a clean chit from the bureau on an enquiry into the Rs 6 billion National Insurance Company (NICL) scam case for his alleged involvement, Qamar Zaman Chaudhry was reinstated as the chairman of Pakistan’s top anti-corruption watchdog in December last year. Aitzaz Ahsan said that Imran Khan filed the petition in personal capacity and not as a political leader and Qamar Zaman was appointed with the consent of the government and the opposition. Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly Syed Khrusheed Ahmed Shah had


purposes. The agreement also includes certain conditions and Engro would be responsible for putting its 400mmcfd capacity terminal operational within 11 months after the signing of the agreement. According to two major conditions of the agreement, the SSGCL would not pay any charges under the head capacity in case of no import of gas to the country. Secondly, SSGCL would not pay the price of gas likely to be wasted on account of technical losses. A board of SSGC on January 28 this year had achieved a major milestone towards bringing imported Liquefied natural Gas (LnG) to the country by approving a plan for construction of new terminal for import of Liquefied natural Gas (LnG) at Port Qasim to a subsidiary of Engro Corporation with certain conditions. ELECTRICTY FROM IRAN: Under the agreement for the import of 3000MW electricity from Iran, Pakistan could secure uninterruptible supply of electricity by looking at all avenues. The issue of load shedding might be controlled, and even eliminated, to some extent by importing 3000mw from Iran. The Al-Aqili Group, a Dubaibased international firm, has offered to supply 3,000MW to Pakistan from Iran under a long-term contract and

also signed a memorandum of understanding with the Ministry of Water and Power. The group will also finance and lay transmission lines to add electricity to the national grid under the terms of the agreement. BALOCHISTAN DEVELOPMENT: The cabinet also expressed support for Prime Minister nawaz Sharif’s vision of taking forward the development projects in Balochistan. Prime Minister Sharif stated that the socio-economic package for the violence-hit province included provision of skilled manpower through training of human resource in different sectors, including health and education, while development of health and education infrastructure to cater for the people of Baluchistan have also been planned. “The development in Balochistan is a priority for the government and development plans to put Balochistan on road to progress are being implemented expeditiously. Gwadar is being developed as a model city and socio-economic package has been planned for it. Gwadar Airport and Port are being developed on modern lines. $1.6 billion will be spent on these projects. I myself will monitor these projects,” Sharif told his cabinet ministers. Minister for Interior Chauhdry nisar Ali Khan briefed the cabinet on the overall security situation, dialogue process with the Taliban and ongoing targeted operation in Karachi, while Finance Minister Ishaq Dar gave a detailed briefing on the economic situation of the country and upcoming projects.

SKIPPER PROTESTS MUK MUKA ISLAMABAD: Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Chairman Imran Khan on Friday regretted the Supreme Court’s (SC) decision on his petition against the appointment of the NAB chairman, but said he would respect the SC’s decision. In a statement, Imran said his party maintained the position that the appointment was a clear case of a ‘Muk Muka’ between the government and PPP, adding that this is why the government was aided by PPP lawyer Aitzaz Ahsan in the case. He felt that given the way democracy is proceeding under the shadow of corruption and nepotism, the people would not see change for the better and would keep yearning for accountability of the leadership. INP agreed to the name of Zaman as the chairman of NAB, Ahsan added. He said that the president of Pakistan was bound to act on the advice of the prime minister after the 18th Constitutional Amendment. Advocate Khawaja Haris, amicus curiae, informed the court that consultation between the prime minister and the leader of the opposition is mandatory for the appointment of chairman NAB under


the relevant laws. The court asked about the selection process of leader of the opposition in the lower house of parliament on which Aitzaz Ahsan replied that leader of the opposition was the one who enjoyed support of maximum opposition members in the house. The court after hearing arguments termed the appointment of chairman NAB legal, and disposed of the petition.

Musharraf fails to get shaikh off his back


The special court hearing the treason case against former military ruler Gen (r) Pervez Musharraf on Friday rejected his application in which he had challenged the appointment of Akram Shaikh as head of the prosecution team.Announcing the court's decision on the plea filed by Musharraf, Registrar Abdul Ghani said the petition was inadmissible for hearing and that the judges had rejected it. In Friday's decision, the special court said that the Islamabad High Court's verdict of Dec 23, 2013 had declared valid the appointment notification of Akram Shaikh as chief prosecutor. Earlier on March 26, the special court had reserved its verdict on the application challenging Shaikh's appointment. Musharraf's counsel Anwar Mansoor Khan had alleged that Shaikh had expressed his desire to prosecute Musharraf under Article 6 of the Constitution even before the filing of the treason case by the government and before he was even appointed chief prosecutor. Mansoor had also challenged Shaikh's appointment in the IHC along with filing two other petitions, stating that the appointment was not legitimate. The court had subsequently rejected his application.

Judiciary put an end to constitutional deviations: cJp ISLAMABAD APP

Chief Justice of Pakistan Tassaduq Hussain Jillani on Friday said judiciary has put an end to constitutional deviations and upheld rule of law. Addressing the inaugural session of twoday International Judicial Conference, he said judiciary has created awareness among people about values of democracy. He said the judiciary has also created awareness among people about the true meaning of fundamental rights. Jillani pointed out that the judiciary was performing its duties while upholding the respect and independence of other pillars of the state. He said the Supreme Court was exercising its power of judicial review of administrative actions to safeguard rights of individuals against excesses of the executive. The CJP said good governance was possible if every organ and institution of the state, including the courts, function within their constitutional ambits.

Saturday, 19 April 2014



RIME Minister nawaz Sharif will address the passing-out parade of young cadets at Pakistan Military Academy Kakul today (Friday) and while it is expected that he will make an important policy statement there, political observers are keeping their fingers crossed at how nawaz Sharif will steer the future of civil-military relations in wake of differences between the two institutions on a host of issues. A well-placed source told Pakistan Today that the relations between the military and civilian leadership were still strained and despite the recent meeting of the Cabinet Committee on national Security (CCnS), little effort has been made to remove the differences between the two sides. “The tone and tenor of the speech by the prime minister and the following actions would define and determine the fate of relations between the civilian and military leadership. A hawkish speech will further deteriorate the already strained civil-military ties,” the source said. “For the time being, no breakthrough is expected yet,” the source said, adding that getting false and fab-

ricated stories of exchange of pleasantries between the army chief and Minister for Defence Khawaja Asif on the eve of the CCnS meeting could not improve the strained relations. no one could even imagine that this routine ceremony would attract such an interest a month back, when the army chief General Raheel Sharif had sent an official invitation to the Prime Minister’s Office, requesting the premier to address the new cadets as the chief guest. Traditionally, it is the army chief himself who comes up with his policy statement at the event. Besides young cadets, thousands of army officials and civilians also attend the ceremony. Mohyuddin Wani, the spokesman of the Prime Minister’s Office, told Pakistan Today that the prime minister had decided to address the event some 20 days back. noted defence analyst Dr Hasan Askari Rizvi told Pakistan Today that strained relations could not be improved by a mere speech or a statement. “A positive speech would have to be followed up by meaningful steps to bridge the differences caused by strong speeches made by the PML-n ministers. The prime minister would have to consult the army top brass on the dialogue process with the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP). Moreover, the

KHAWAJA ASIF TAKES U-TURN, CALLS PAKISTAN ARMY AN ASSET ISLAMABAD: Calling his past statements on the Pakistan Army a mistake, Defence Minister Khawaja Asif in a statement said that a strong and respected army is a national asset. “In the last couple of weeks some misunderstanding cropped up based on my speeches delivered many years ago which were made in a different context and in a different environment,” Asif said in a statement issued on Friday. “It was neither my intention and nor my objective to undermine an institution, which I hold in high esteem, at a time when the armed forces are fighting on many fronts,” the defence minister insisted. “As a Pakistani I am proud of the valour and sacrifices of the men in uniform for the defence of the nation. It was not my objective to undermine it,” he said. The defence minister admitted that his statements presented by the media created a misplaced perception about himself which he said was far from reality. Pakistan Army corps commanders in their meeting last week at GHQ expressed anger over statements of certain ministers and told General Raheel Sharif that their sentiments may be conveyed to Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. STAFF REPORT

government would have to retract from its path of vengeance against Gen Pevez Musharraf,” the analyst said. He said that the government would have to give up its policy of targeting a single individual in the treason trial as Musharraf was not the only person

responsible for it. “Until and unless the government ends its policy of witch-hunt and vengeance by targeting an individual in the treason case, the relations between the army and government cannot improve,” he concluded.






He federal government on Friday moved the Protection of Pakistan Ordinance Bill 2014 before the Senate amidst strong protests from the joint opposition in the Upper House. Minister for Science and Technology Zahid Hamid on behalf of Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan tabled the bill which was subsequently referred to the Senate Standing Committee on Law and Justice. The bill has already been passed by the National Assembly. “We have changed the bill considerably and as far as clauses relating to detentions are concerned, they have been taken from already existing law of the Anti-Terrorism Act 1997 and clauses relating to location of detainees have been extracted from Article 10 of the Constitution,” Hamid said. Speaking on behalf of the opposition leader, Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) Senator Mian Raza Rabbani suggested that the government reconsider the bill in the backdrop of the 27 human rights conventions which Pakistan is bound to abide by due to the european Union’s GSP Plus status. Rabbani added that the PPP would not allow the inclusion of the provision to detain suspects for up to 90 days and the powers that the bill gives to forces to shoot suspects on sight.

‘ZARDARI HAS ASSURED NAWAZ OF PPO SUPPORT’ LAHORE: National Assembly Speaker Sardar Ayaz Sadiq said on Friday that former president of Pakistan and co-chairman of Pakistan People’s Party, Asif Ali Zardari has assured his party’s support for the Pakistan Protection Ordinance Bill in the Upper House of Parliament. Speaking to reporters, Sadiq said that Zardari, in his meeting with Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif two days ago, pledged that his party would support the bill. The bill has already passed its initial stage towards becoming an Act, when it was passed by the National Assembly despite strong protest by the opposition lawmakers. The ruling Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) does not have simple majority in the Senate, where it needs support from the opposition parties for the bill’s passage. INP Senate members from the Awami National Party (ANP) and the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) also opposed the bill saying it may contradict human rights conventions in the future. “It’s a black law from Raiwind,” ANP

Senator Haji Adeel said. Moreover, ANP Senator Zahir Khan said “it's alarming that the government has succeeded in passing the bill from the National Assembly without consulting the opposition…but the opposition will



not accept it in its present form at any cost". JUI-F Senator Haji Ghulam Ali said that the approval of such a controversial piece of legislation from the Senate would not be possible without amendments made to it. The proceedings of the House were subsequently adjourned to 4pm Monday. The National Assembly, where the Pakistan Muslim League - Nawaz (PML-N) enjoys a majority, passed the bill in the beginning of April. The passing was however amid protests from opposition members and condemnation from international rights groups such as Amnesty International. The situation in the Senate is slightly different with the opposition parties having 67 out of 104 seats - with 39 seats of the PPP, 12 of ANP, seven of MQM, five seats of Pakistan Muslim League – Quaid (PML-Q) and four of Balochistan National Party - Awami (BNP-A). The law grants sweeping powers of arrest and detention to security forces. It permits the security forces to shoot suspects on sight, detain them at secret locations for up to 90 days and carry out raids without search warrants. The security forces can also carry out secret trials. Lawmakers have warned that the law is too broad and that anger over abuses by the police and army is already fuelling growing militancy.




A security man was killed and two others were injured Friday as militants attacked a security forces’ vehicle on Frontier Road on the outskirts of Peshawar. Deputy Superintendent of Police Fazle Wahid said that the convoy was attacked on Frontier Road near Aziz Market. Badbher Station House Officer Garanullah said the security forces' convoy was attacked near Aziz Market and reportedly one security man was killed and two others were injured. Militants attacked them with heavy and light weapons, he said, adding that security forces cordoned off the area and launched a search operation. The area has been under curfew for the last four days. The military is yet to issue any official confirmation about the death of the soldier and the injured. Separately, a series of explosions took place early Friday morning in the weapons depot of the Frontier Corps’ Khyber Rifles in the Khyber tribal region. The depot is located in a fort in Khyber’s Landi Kotal area and the explosions took place there at about 1am and later at 4am. Area residents heard several explosions with some locals saying that they had seen flames rising high from the fort. The depot was completely burnt as a result with the fire still raging through the fort at the time of the filing of this report. no casualties have so far been reported. There appears to confusion regarding the nature of the attack with some security sources saying that the incident was an attack launched by unknown militants and others attributing it to have been caused by an electric short circuit. The incident came a day after the banned terror outfit, Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) refused to extend the ceasefire that had lasted for 40 days. A militant outfit calling itself the Abdullah Ezzam group claimed responsibility for the attack. The group is active in Khyber Agency and according to officials the group has been involved in a number of deadly terrorist attacks in the area.

taliban say Won’t attack public places

MONITORING DESK The Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) say they will not attack public places after the militant outfit decided not to extend the ceasefire, a news channel reported on Friday. In a statement, TTP spokesman Shahidullah Shahid said some elements could launch attacks after the Taliban refused to extend the ceasefire, adding that the Taliban should not be blamed for attacks on public places. However, he said the militants would attack government installations. He said the Taliban would welcome peace talks if the government was serious in resolving the issues.


Saturday, 19 April 2014

senators want civilian govt, not military, to determine foreign policy SAY PAKISTAN MUST BREAK LINKS WITH AFGHAN INSURGENTS





PPOSITIOn senators on Friday called for ending ‘duplicity’ in foreign policy formulation and stressed on the need to retrieve the ground lost by civilians to the security establishment over the past decades, as they stressed on the need for Pakistan to break alleged links with Afghan insurgents if it is to adhere to Article 40 of the Constitution. Opposition lawmakers were expressing their views during a debate in the Senate on a motion on foreign policy moved by Senator Raza Rabbani of the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP).

Senators called for a serious rethink of policy formulation in the light of realities emerging as a result of political transitions last year taking place in Pakistan’s neighbouring countries, including China and Iran, and now Afghanistan and India. Senator Farhatullah Babar said that the basis of foreign policy formulation is laid out in Article 40 of the Constitution of Pakistan. Reading out Article 40, he said that if we have to adhere to them we must break alleged links with any Afghan insurgents and stop the ability of Afghan fighters to seek refuge in Pakistan. “A stable and democratic civilian government leading foreign policy formulation would be welcomed by all par-

“Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif even went as far as signing a joint declaration with the chief minister of Indian Punjab,” Babar added. “While there is no issue with promoting people-to-people contacts, it should have been done by the foreign office and not by the chief minister. This will encourage different organs of the state pursuing their own agendas.” “Although the government has said

ties, as compared to the security establishment leading it without any accountability,” he said. “Duplicity in policy making is too obvious. While the prime minister has kept the portfolio of the foreign minister with himself, there is an advisor and a special assistant. Besides, a federal minister and chief minister Punjab articulate independent foreign policy issues without referring to the foreign office,” he said.

GOVT LEADERS SAY NO RIFT WITH ARMY IQBAL SAYS BOTH HAVE LEARNT TO WORK WITHIN THEIR RESPECTIVE CONSTITUTIONAL DOMAINS LAHORE: National Assembly Speaker Ayaz Sadiq, Planning Minister Ahsan Iqbal and Information Minister Pervez Rasheed on Friday separately stated that there was no tension between the

racist outfit stages protest outside london Mosque

government and army. They, however, admitted that there was a difference of opinion between the institutions but said it wasn’t a serious thing. Talking to reporters, NA Speaker Sadiq said that all institutions

were working within their constitutional limits. He said that talks with the Taliban were underway and the ceasefire would continue. The speaker, however, added that if a stage comes that the national security of the state is challenged, then the military and all institutions concerned would discharge their duties accordingly. Separately,

Ahsan Iqbal said that there was no rift between the government and the army, and that some politicians and a segment of media was trying to create misunderstandings between the two institutions. Talking to reporters, Iqbal said that the two institutions have learnt to work within their respective constitutional domains. STAFF REPORT

Avalanche on Everest kills 12, three missing KATHMANDU AGENCIES

NEWS DESK English Defence League, a racist organisation, staged a demonstration outside London’s Regents Park Mosque on Friday. Members of the far-right organisation chanted anti-Islam slogans when local Muslims were offering Friday prayers. Police rushed to the area to prevent any clash between the Muslims and protesters.

taliban inMates break out of afghan prison KABUL AGENCIES

Three Taliban insurgents escaped from a prison in northern Afghanistan using weapons smuggled into the facility in a jailbreak that killed three police guards. A spokesman for the Faryab provincial government, Ahmad Jawad Dedar said on Friday that the breakout took place the previous night. A fourth inmate who was also trying to escape was killed in a shootout with security forces. Dedar says the fugitives are low-level Taliban operatives who were jailed for planting roadside bombs. The four inmates launched their breakout during the nightly count of prisoners, throwing several grenades and shooting guards with at least one pistol. Dedar said authorities have launched a search for the three fugitives and are investigating how the weapons were smuggled into the prison.

An avalanche swept down a climbing route on Mount Everest early Friday, killing at least 12 nepalese guides and leaving three missing in the deadliest disaster on the world's highest peak. The Sherpa guides had gone early in the morning to fix ropes for other climbers when the avalanche hit just them below Camp 2 at about 6:30 am, nepal Tourism Ministry official Krishna Lamsal said from the base camp where he is monitoring rescue efforts. Rescue workers pulled out 12 bodies from under mounds of snow and ice and were searching for the three missing guides, Lamsal said. Two Sherpas who were injured were taken by helicopter to hospitals in nepal's capital, Katmandu. Hundreds of climbers, their guides and support crews have gathered at the base camp to prepare for attempts to scale the 8,850-meter mountain early next month when weather conditions become favorable. They have been setting up camps at higher altitudes and guides have been fixing routes and ropes on the slopes above. As soon as the avalanche hit, rescuers and fellow climbers rushed to help. Ang Tshering of the nepal Mountaineering Association said the area where the avalanche hit is nicknamed the ''popcorn field'' and is just below Camp 2 at 6,400 meters. Earlier this year, nepal announced several steps to

better manage the heavy flow of climbers and speed up rescue operations. The steps included the dispatch of officials and security personnel to the base camp at 5,300 meters, where they will stay throughout the spring climbing season that ends in May. More than 4,000 climbers have scaled the summit since 1953, when it was first conquered by new Zealander Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing norgay. Hundreds have died attempting to reach the peak. The worst recorded disaster on Everest had been a snowstorm on May 11, 1996, that caused the deaths of eight climbers. Six nepalese guides were killed in an avalanche in 1970.

several times that Pakistan will not take sides in the Syrian civil war, suspicion has been lingering that non-state actors are being encouraged to move to Syria and the Middle East with weapons and armaments,” he added. Babar also recalled how a former head of a security agency had publicly claimed clandestinely shipping weapons to Bosnia in violation of the Un ban, earning him the ire of the US. He said that in a recent television talk show, the finance minister said that if people went to Bahrain and Syria then it should be seen an “employee-employer relationship” that has nothing to do with the government. He warned against letting such ‘relationships’ run to such an extent that Pakistan is “sucked into another Afghanistan, this time in the Middle East.” Former Interior Minister Rehman Malik also called for an urgent in-camera briefing by the government on security and foreign policy. Senator Afrasaib Khattak said the security situation in the neighbouring Afghanistan is fragile and Pakistan has to quickly frame its policy keeping in view fluid developments in the region. Senator Hasil Bizenjo cautioned the government over activities of elements hostile to Pakistan trying to disturb relations with Iran. “Iran has a great role in the region therefore Pakistan must maintain good ties with the country,” he said.

kp laWMakers deMand tax exeMption for businessMen PESHAWAR APP

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Assembly Friday passed a unanimous resolution seeking three years’ exemption on turnover and income taxes to the business community of the province. The resolution said that in the year 2012, the prime minister of Pakistan under Income Tax Act (Section 126-F) had announced a three-year exemption from tax. However, after the passage of few months, the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) declined to grant the exemption to the business holders of KPK, and also levied turnover and income tax on them. The local chamber of commerce had subsequently challenged the matter in the Peshawar High Court (PHC), which gave a detailed verdict in the favour of the trade body. However, the FBR challenged the decision in the Supreme Court (SC). Therefore, the provincial assembly recommended the matter to the provincial government to further recommend it to the federal government to return the three-year tax exemptions (July 2009 to June 30, 2012) granted as announcement of the prime minister of Pakistan and withdraw the appeal filed by the FBR against the decision of the PHC from the SC and grant income tax exemption to the KPK traders according to its true spirit. The chair put the resolution to vote and the house passed it unanimously. Earlier, KP Assembly Speaker Asad Qaiser, who was presiding over the proceedings, suspended the rules to allow the mover to present the resolution.

KP OPPOSITION FLAYS PTI’S EDUCATION POLICY JUI-F LAWMAKER SAYS GOVT'S SLOGAN OF CHANGE IN EDUCATION SECTOR HAS FAILED MISERABLY PESHAWAR APP The opposition benches in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Assembly on Friday criticised the education policy of the PTI-led coalition government in the province and observed that standard of education would decline further if it were being pursued. The assembly session with Speaker Asad Qaisar in

QWP LEGISLATOR SAYS SCHOOLS DAMAGED DUE TO MILITANCY ARE NOT BEING RECONSTRUCTED the chair discussed the agenda items regarding promotion of education and measures taken and its impact on the people. JUI-F lawmaker Lutfur Rehman said that there was no education policy at all in the province and added that there were ample opportunities of education in the urban areas of the province whereas in the rural areas there was total dearth of such facilities. The ghost schools in the


province outnumbered functional schools, he said, adding that the government's slogan for change regarding emergency in education sectors has miserably failed to come on ground. He said that staff of the 93 schools of the Workers Welfare Board has not been paid for the last eight months. He maintained that abolition of class system was played up by the government in the assembly but no practical step was taken to implement it. Taking the floor, Qaumi Watan Party (QWT) lawmaker Mairaj Humayun said that literacy rate of the province was still dismal as it was 38 percent for females. He alleged that the government was wasting Rs 600 million on the officers and officials

associated with education monitoring system introduced by the KP government. He complained that schools damaged due to militancy were not being reconstructed, adding that no new school has been established by the PTI government. He said that majority of the schools were lacking basic infrastructure and students take their exams in open sky. PML-N legislator Aurangzeb Nalota complained that constituencies of the opposition members were being ignored in the education sector, adding, “We have schools in our constituencies where there were no science teachers in the schools and the students covered 20 to 30 km distances to reach their schools.”


Saturday, 19 April, 2014




public policy think tank has termed the current regime of Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz (PML-N) as below average in terms of overall economic performance of the government, passing them with a mere 51 percent, for the period between January to March, this year. According to the tracking report entitled “Losing the steam”, which was launched the other day by the Policy Research Institute of Market Economy (PRIME), PML-N’s performance on the economic front was respectable but

the economic progress has lost steam. PRIME is a public policy think tank, based in Islamabad, advocating the market economy policy reforms through research, outreach and advocacy. This tracking report is released by PRIME on a quarterly basis. The report tracks the implementation of the economic agenda, as per the party’s own manifesto, with the help of a scorecard which allocates the scores between ranges of zero to ten, in 91 components reflecting the economic promises made in three areas; economic revival, energy security, and social protection. The performance indicators are based on official data released by gov-

ernment functionaries. The first component under economic revival is GDP growth, which PML-N promised to increase from three percent to over six percent. The score of 5.5 out of 10 was awarded here, after considering the assessments of the State Bank of Pakistan, International Monetary Fund and various subcomponents, such as investment in infrastructure and energy projects. An average score of 4.25 was assigned to the component regarding creation of job opportunities, which had two sub-components, including the prime minister’s youth loan scheme. The component of tax reforms earned an average score of only 1.75, as out of 15 sub-components, only six were awarded a score, while rest of the nine were left out as no development had taken place in their domains. Zero points were credited to the government with regards to the elimination of circular debt, which has again surged to around Rs300 billion.

“The government paid around Rs450 billion to clear the circular debt soon after assuming office, but circular debt is back, despite the much talked about energy sector reforms,” PRIME Executive Director Ali Salman said. The report also awarded a low grade to the government on privatisation of state-owned enterprises, as not much has been achieved in this regard. “The key issues related to turning around the loss making enterprises is the appointment of an independent and profession board, and the performance indicator is zero, as nothing much has been done in this regard,” Salman said. He said that the economic inefficiency cost was around Rs1,000 billion, annually, and the government did not seem to have any specific programme to control it. “The performance of regulatory bodies has been negligible in the January to March quarter,” he added. With regards to energy security, the report gives the PML-N government a

score of 4.34, which is 0.18 points better than the score in the previous quarter. The report says that the performance of the government has improved, including the initiation of the Thar coalfields. The report has assigned a score of 7 for the component regarding the development of the Thar coalfields and setting up of at least 5,000MW of new coal-fired power plants, under the PPP model, in Sindh. In the component related to priority to import gas, the score was 2, largely owing to the uncertainty overshadowing pipeline negotiations. In the section of social protection, the average score was 6.5, which is better compared to the last report which awarded 6.0 in this section. The report accredits the high score in social protection segment to the continuation of the Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP). The scorecard also appreciates the smooth functions of the utility stores.

RAIN, HAILSTORM KILL 5 IN PUNJAB LAHORE: Intermittent downpour followed by hailstorm, lightening played havoc in various areas of Punjab as five people were killed and scores injured in rain-related incidents. Five people, including a teen girl, were killed in separate roof collapse incidents and lightning in Lahore, Gujranwala and Sheikhupura. Wind storms in various cities, including Sheikhupura, Gujranwala, Kasur, Multan, Hafizabad, Gujrat, Sialkot and Layyah uprooted the trees, destroying the signboards, roofs of huts besides adversely disrupting the power supply. Several cities were plunged into darkness due to tripping of dozen of feeders of the Lahore Electric Supply Company (LESCO). More than 50 people were reported injured across the province in separate mishaps. The hailstorm destroyed the ripened wheat crop in various cities of central and southern Punjab rendering heavy losses to the growers. INP

QUETTA: Shops were closed on Friday during a strike call given by the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) on the first anniversary of the attack on the convoy of Balochistan Senior Minister and PML-N provincial chief Sardar Sanaullah Khan Zehri in which his son, brother and a nephew were killed. INP


The Executive Committee of the National Economic Council (ECNEC) has approved the “Establishment and Operation of Basic Education Community Schools in the Country” project with a rationalised cost of Rs 4,282 million. The community schools in the project will spread all over the country and the Ministry of Education, Training and Standard in Higher Education will execute the project in 36 months. The project will bring the out of school children to schools and increase the overall literacy rate in the country. Finance Minister Ishaq Dar chaired the meeting at the Prime Minister’s Office on Friday. The ECNEC approved reconstruction and rehabilitation of 277 flooddamaged school buildings in 10 districts of AJK with a rationalized cost of Rs 3,865 million with IDB share of Rs 3,500 million. The remaining will be the share of GOP (AJK).


The project will be executed through Department of School Education AJK and completed by March 2019. It may be mentioned that the Floods of 2010 badly affected the infrastructure of Pakistan including AJK. In order to reconstruct and rehabilitate the damaged school buildings in AJK, the FM emphasised on timely completion of the project. He said that enhancing access to education is one of the key priorities of the government. The project will also help increase literacy rate of AJK from 67 percent to 95 percent by 2019. The ECNEC considered and approved eight projects of the Water and Power Ministry for augmentation and extension of 132/11KV transformers/power distribution enhancement investment programme tranche-4 for distribution companies; IESCO (Rs 2061.657 million), FESCO (Rs 1833.842 million), HESCO (Rs 1291.945 million), GEPCO (Rs 1008.318 million), MEPCO (Rs 3678.794 million), LESCO (Rs 4808.214 million), QESCO (Rs

1183.566 million) and PESCO (Rs 2749.737 million). The projects envisage upgrading/extension of existing grid stations for uninterrupted and sustainable power supply to the consumers. The implementation period for the projects is 2014-16. The ECNEC approved the project “Construction of Low Cost Housing Units for Earthquake Affectees of District Awaran and District Kech, Balochistan” with a modified cost of Rs 4 billion. The federal government will share 50 percent cost (grant) and the remaining 50 percent will be provided by the Balochistan government. Rs 2 billion have already been provided by the federal government and the Government of Balochistan. The project aims at award of cash grants of Rs 220,000 to each house-owner for reconstruction of low cost two-room house; besides provision of solar electrification units. The project also aims at provision and installation of 18 community solar pumps for provision of water. The proj-


ect will be implemented through “Owner Driven Reconstruction Strategy”. It may be mentioned that the PM directed for reconstruction of 16,000 houses in Awaran and Kech districts which were hit by an earthquake of 6.8 Richter scale in September 2013. The period of completion will be three years. The ECNEC also approved Sindh Water Sector Improvement Project (Phase-I) with a cost of Rs 30,353 million which includes World Bank (IDA credit) of Rs 28,840 million. The project will be implemented in the command area of Ghotki feeder, Nara, Fuleli and Akram Wah canals. The main objective of the project is to improve the effectiveness and operational efficiency of water distribution by ensuring the safety of the canal system and delivering due share of water to the farmers at the tail end. The ECNEC considered a report of the Planning Division for already approved Jamshoro 2x600MW coal project. The ECNEC was informed that due to rationalization and strengthening of Pak rupee, there has been a reduction of Rs 77.54 billion in the cost of the project. ECNEC in its meeting held on February 12 approved the project subject to rationalisation and revision of cost due to strengthening of rupee.

LandLord orders kidnapping, pubLic humiLiation of schooLteacher A landlord in a village near Chiniot took the law into his own hands when he had a primary school teacher kidnapped after accusing him of sexually assaulting a student, a news channel reported on Friday. The schoolteacher’s face was then painted black and he was paraded through the village on a donkey. The entire incident was videotaped by onlookers at the scene on the orders of the landlord as well. Later, the landlord had villagers pelt stones at the school building where the teacher worked and asked him to beg for forgiveness on his knees. Local police officials of the area took notice of this much later in the day and registered an FIR against the landlord and nine other men. However, the name of the landlord was not mentioned in the FIR. MONITORING DESK

girL pronounced dead comes back to Life SARGODHA: An ailing girl child pronounced dead by doctors on Friday suddenly came back to life, surprising everyone. In Millatabad locality of Sargodha, a six-month-old girl child who was suffering from pneumonia was shifted to a hospital where she was declared dead. Her family was making arrangements for her funeral when the child suddenly started crying, after nearly six hours of her pronounced death. INP





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ISLAMABAD: Women look at the birds exhibited during a Birds Show organised by CDA at Lake View Park on Friday. INP


Civil society, student organisations protest against violation of merit in HEC chief’s appointment ISLAMABAD



large number of members of the civil society and students’ organizations held protest against alleged violation of merit in appointment of Higher Education Commission (HEC) chairman and demanded reviewing the decision in the larger interest of country and the education sector. During the protest held outside Islamabad Press Club (IPC), the protestors demanded appointments of heads of autonomous organisations to be made in accordance of prescribed laws through transparent and merit-based mechanism.


The demonstrators displayed placards and chanted slogans for merit-based appointment of the HEC chief. The demonstrators termed the appointment of the new HEC chief as violation of Islamabad High Court (IHC) verdict of January 6, 2014 wherein the federal government was directed to make the appointment of regular HEC chairman as per HEC Act and prescribed process. The protestors announced to expand peaceful demonstrations throughout the country in case of non-acceptance of their demands. They also termed surprise appointment of new HEC chairman as injustice with the leading and senior academicians who were waiting

for interview and completion of selection process. Addressing the protest demonstration Muslim Hands International Country Manager Syed Ziaul Noor expressed reservations over the violation of merit and misleading prime minister for appointment of the chairman. He said that people not only in Pakistan but around the world were expecting for transparent and merit-based appointment of the new chairman of HEC as per federal government‘s principles of merit, transparency and good governance. However, some elements misguided prime minister over this important matter and the name of the person, who had earlier been rejected by prime minister, has been re-

IHC CJ wants better seCurIty at Courts ISLAMABAD ONLINE

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan’s ambassadordesignate to the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and permanent observer to African Union (AU) Imran Yawar called on President Mamnoon Hussain in Islamabad Friday. Talking to him, the president said Pakistan values its close and cordial relationship with Ethiopia. He urged the newly-appointed ambassador to focus on further consolidating Pakistan’s relations with Ethiopia particularly trade and commercial ties. The president said Pakistan’s trade with Africa in general and Ethiopia in particular is not commensurate with the existing goodwill and emphasized the need for more efforts to strengthen trade and economic ties with African countries. ONLINE

considered for important and prestigious position of HEC chairperson. It is quite strange that few days earlier, the Islamabad High Court was informed by federal government that summary for three persons including the name of new nominated chairperson HEC had been rejected and new search committee headed by Khawaja Muhammad Asif had been assigned the task for appointment of HEC chairperson. He said that the future of young generation of Pakistan and higher education sector is dependent upon the right policies and decisions of HEC. Only qualified, non-controversial, sincere and honest leadership of HEC could solve their problems.

Islamabad High Court (IHC) Chief Justice (CJ) Anwar Abbas Khan Kassi, blaming the administration of mismanagement on account of Islamabad F-8 courts attack, said that the blood of the martyred will not go waste. He was addressing a condolence reference in Jinnah Hall of Islamabad High Court for the martyred of district court attack arranged in collaboration of the Islamabad High Court Bar Association (IHCBA) and Islamabad District Bar Association (IDBA), Islamabad. Justice Shaukat Aziz Saddiqi, Justice Noorul Haq N Qureshi, Justice Riaz Ahmed Khan, additional, session, civil judges, advocates and a number of citizens participated in the reference. Addressing the reference IHC CJ

Kassi said that blood of the martyred will not go in waste and sorrowful incident of Kutchehri attack took place due to the mismanagement of the administration due to which along with Additional Session Judge Raffaqat, advocates and civilians became the target of terrorism. He said that government must make better arrangements for the security of courts. Addressing to the reference District Bar President Naseer Kyani said that in the current era courts are independent and due to the decisions of courts advocates and judges are on the target of the terrorists. The government did not make sufficient arrangements for the security of judges and advocates, he added. He said on the notice of chief justice high court, a judicial enquiry was made under the administration of Justice Shaukat Aziz Saddiqi and that enquiry has been sent to the government and government must im-


plement on it as it is. High Court Bar President Mohsin Akhtar Kayani also addressed to the condolence reference, he said, District and High Court Bar express full solidarity with the families of the judges and advocates who were targeted in the terrorist activity and the whole lawyers’ community is with the families of the martyred. He said lawyers are fighting for the survival of Pakistan and will continue to fight. In association with District Bar, High Court Bar and IB Foundation documents of plots in Gulberg Society were also given and the IHC CJ distributed the allotment letters of the plots to the families of the martyred and distributed checks of Rs 500,000 to the injured. The proceedings of the reference concluded after offering ‘fateha’ for martyred and prayers for early recovery of injured persons.


National University of Modern Languages (NUML) Islamabad and China’s Guangdong University of Foreign Studies (GDUFS), Guangzhou Friday concluded a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Academic Cooperation and a Student Exchange Agreement. The documents were signed by NUML Rector Maj Gen (r) Masood Hasan and GDUFS President Prof Zhong Weihe. The initiative of the MoU and the agreement between the two universities was launched and facilitated by the Consulate General of Pakistan in Guangzhou. Under the MoU on Academic Cooperation, the NUML would set up a NUML International Centre of Education (NICE) on the premises of GDUFS. NUML will initially assign academicians/ instructors at the NICE for English and Urdu languages and subsequently extend it for other languages. The two institutions would also promote cultural, educational exchange, collaboration and technical cooperation. The Student Exchange Agreement would provide students from both the institutions the opportunity to learn about the cultural and academic life of the counterparts and foster joint academic research work in areas of common interest. The students of both the universities would also have the opportunity to complete up to one year of their course at the other university.

CITIZENS GO RING-A-RING O’ ROSES AT LAKE VIEW! ISLAMABAD: Three-day flower and birds’ exhibition organised by the Environment Wing of Capital Development Authority (CDA) at Lake View Park enthralled the visitors and tourists on Friday. A large number of people, mostly families visited the park to enjoy the flower and birds show. Children took keen interest in butterflies, colourful birds and special programs arranged for them by the administration. People from government, semi-government and private institutions are participating in the exhibition. INP

CMYK Saturday, 19 April 2014


Jinnah super fire damages restaurants, bank

ISLAMABAD: Fire erupted, due to short circuit in Jinnah Super Market, engulfing restaurants and other neighbouring shops, while also partially damaging an adjoining multi-national bank. Kohsar Police Station SHO Inspector Abid said that the fire which broke out at Cherry Berry restaurant and one fast food joint, due to a short circuit, was immediately controlled by timely arrival of fire brigade within half an hour of struggle. “The fire was so intense that it left quite enough of destruction in its wake, charring two restaurants, and damaging a multi-national bank and Cash and Carry store. Police is investigation further into the incident,” he said. sTAFF rEPOrT

MASSIVE CRACKDOWN AGAINST DRUG TRAFFICKERS APPROVED TO MAKE TWIN CITIES DRUG-FREE RAWALPINDI: Major operation has been approved against the drug traffickers and drug peddlers in all the streets and sectors of twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad to make them drug free. The approval for major crackdown was accorded in a joint meeting of representatives of 8 major forces here. Joint teams of these forces have been constituted under Anti Narcotics Force (ANF) to launch the crackdown. The teams will comprise the staff of ANF, FIA, Customs Islamabad and Rawalpindi, Railway police, motorway police and Airport Security Force (ASF). Operation will be carried out in phases and in first phase it will be launched in Pirwadhai, Tarnol, Francis coolly, Doray village, Khanna pull, F-11 and Afghan Basti. .ONLINE

ISLAMABAD: Firefighters extinguish the fire which erupted in two food outlets at Jinnah Super Market due to an electric short circuit on Friday. oNLINe

GooD coPS Get A PAt oN theIr BAckS ISLAMABAD



S an encouragement for those policemen accomplishing their duties in an effective manner, special prizes will be given to them and strict accountability system in the department will be ensured to make cops more responsible towards their professional duties. It was stated by Assistant Inspector General of Police (Operations) Islamabad Sultan Azam Temuri

while awarding commendation certificate and cash prizes to the officials who performed efficiently in different divisions. AIG (Operations) urged all the police officials to perform their duties with honesty and said Islamabad Police have adopted a very strict accountability system within the department to augment their efficiency and provide people better services. “A strong accountability system within the department help eradicate many evils and enhance the efficiency and performance of the organization”, he added.

He said that process of reward and punishment certainly helps a lot in improving efficiency of the department and Islamabad police have adopted it in real sense to encourage the good performers and take strict action against sluggish officials. AIG (Operations) awarded cash prizes and commendations certificates to the cops namely Nasurllah, Ali Zaman, Abid Ali, Muhammad Abid, Abdul Shakoor, Muhammad Saqlain, Safdar Rehman, Sohail and Chan Vaiz. Temuri said that Islamabad police force is committed to provide

protection and fool proof security to the citizens and this responsibility would be professionally accomplished in future with same zeal and zest. “Accountability system helps in improving the performance of any department and working of the staff can be easily judged through it. Such accountability system would continue in future and those performing well would be encouraged,” he added. He directed the police officials to perform their duties with dedication and honesty and leave no stone unturned to serve the citizens and provide them security.

RAWALPINDI TO HAVE FORENSIC SATELLITE CENTRE SOON RAWALPINDI: The Punjab government has decided to set up Forensic Satellite Centre (FSC) in Rawalpindi to for speedy checking of evidence in heinous and terror related crimes. Following the approval of the project by Punjab Home Department, the district government has been directed to provide five-kanal land for establishment of FSC. Sources said that evidences in respect of heinous crimes and terror related incidents are sent to forensic laboratory located in Lahore to obtain forensic report. ONLINE


FIA STARTS CHECKING MEDICAL STORES AT GOVERNMENT HOSPITALS ISLAMABAD: Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) has started checking medical stores operating in all the government hospitals in Islamabad after unearthing mega spurious drugs cases in the medical stores at Lahore. The FIA team led by Federal Drug Inspector Amir conducted checking of the medical stores located in polyclinic hospital at the first leg of their operation. They collected the samples of different medicines and sent them to laboratory for checking. Sources said that the FIA team led by drug inspector will check the medicines in the medical stores at PIMS during this week. ONLINE

08 COMMENT Militants and civil-military illusions Retaliate in the only language militants understand


T is time the civilian government and military leadership shed illusions about any Taliban group being amenable to peace. The Afghan Taliban, Haqqani network, and the TTP are all chips of the same block. The timing to sort them out is of crucial importance. Unless they are taken out before the departure of the US-led troops in Afghanistan, enormous price in human and material terms will have to be paid to eradicate the threat. Any indecisiveness at this stage would be highly dangerous. The TTP, we are told by one of its nominees for peace talks, could be persuaded to extend ceasefire provided the government was ready to deliver on its demands. The government has already released a number of TTP prisoners without the TTP releasing any of the noncombatants in their custody. The militants want to get their demands accepted under threat of violence. One fails to understand the wisdom behind continuing the process of peace talks “on a slow pace based on a wait and see policy”, as reportedly decided in the security meeting on Thursday. The terrorist attacks are continuing. One security man was killed and two injured in a blast near Peshawar. A series of explosions took place in the weapons depot of the Khyber Rifles in the tribal region completely destroying the depot. A Taliban subsidiary has claimed to have conducted the explosions. In Lahore police have nabbed a group affiliated with the LeJ which has owned killing 18 including Shia leaders besides committing bank robberies. Meanwhile, polio vaccination teams continue to be under attack, leading army to decide to provide them cover. On Thursday the KP government admitted in the provincial Assembly that 13 primary and middle schools had been shut down on the outskirts of Peshawar alone due to militancy. If this is the situation in the provincial capital one can imagine what might be happening to schools in far off towns and tribal areas. The issue regarding the future of talks with the TTP was reportedly discussed at the federal cabinet’s meeting on Friday. The pursuit of peace through talks, strongly advocated by Ch Nisar, has led to a blind alley. The TTP had declared a unilateral ceasefire only after its strongholds in North Waziristan and other agencies were subjected to bombardment, commanders killed and IED making facilities destroyed. There is a need now to put an end to vacillation. The militants understand only the language of force. Putting an end to militancy by resort to the state’s machinery of coercion may be distasteful to some. But when lives of thousands of peaceful citizens and soldiers defending their county are at stake, vacillation has to be put aside.

Dedicated to the legacy of the late Hameed Nizami

Arif Nizami Editor

Aziz-ud-Din Ahmad Joint Editor Lahore – Ph: 042-36375963-5 Fax: 042-32535230 Karachi – Ph: 021-35381208-9 Fax: 021-35381208 Islamabad – Ph: 051-2204545 Web: Email:

Saturday, 19 April, 2014

The South Asian adjacency Securing peace and trade lished in the British Journal, National review, in 1902: “The Middle East, if I may adopt a term which I have not seen, will some day need its Malta, as well as its Gibraltar; it does not follow that either will be in the Persian Gulf. Naval force has the quality of mobility which carries with it the privilege of temporary absences; but it needs to find on every scene of operation established bases of refit, of supply, and in case of disaster, of security. The British Navy should Arif AnsAr have the facility to concentrate in force if occasion arise, about Aden, India, and the Persian Gulf.” What Mahab stressed was that like the Suez Canal, the Persian Gulf was NE rarely pays atten- critical to the British to check the Rustion to where the termi- sians from approaching British India. nology of Middle East, After all, at that time the Great Game Near East, and Far East was primarily between the British and come from. Under- the Russians spanning the Central Asia standing their history helps to grasp region. In other words, the Persian Gulf the policies that major powers have presented the other flank for the British adopted overtime to deal with these to protect its presence in the Indian regions. Every great power at its subcontinent. zenith perceives it to be the center of The European frame of referthe world, from where it looks out- ence wards and designs strategies to protect The frame of reference for Alfred its interests. Mahab was Europe and the regions that According to some interpretations, lie towards its east. Thus the naming before WWI the term ‘Near East’ re- convention paralleled the geospatial ferred to the arrangement of Balkans and the different regions Ottoman Empire. east of Europe: On the other Near East, Middle hand, ‘Middle East and Far East. One of the reasons for the East’ was made Furthermore, the up of Iran, present Russian annexation policies and Afghanistan, Censtrategies that of Crimea could be that it were formulated tral Asia and Caucus. And ‘Far hosts the its Black Fleet, to operate in these East’ was a referregions were priwhich is key for power ence to East Asia, marily suited for which included projections in other regions, western interests; China, Japan, Kobe it the flow of reas, Hong Kong, including the Middle East. oil and trade, preetc. serving different The word As seen in the case of Syria, flanks, or prevent‘Middle East’ was Iran, Iraq and Egypt, the ing access to adcoined by and versarial powers. represents the Russians are attempting to In present British/European times, these worgrow its influence in these world orientation, ries have perwhich was pretty nations once more. sisted. For much adopted by example, Iran has the Americans. the potential of According to choking the Strait some versions, of Hormuz. If this the terminology may have been coined was accompanied by disturbances in during the British reign over India and Egypt, the Suez Canal could become became popular when the most another clog point. These sea passages renowned American naval geostrategist are key for projecting power and conof the 19th century, Alfred Thayer trolling the flow of trade. Whoever Mahab, used it to define the space be- controls them has an extraordinary tween Arabia and India. The center of leverage. Egypt getting warm towards this region was the Persian Gulf, and the Soviet Union, and its subsequent the region adjacent to it, he termed as nationalisation of Suez Canal, had led the Middle East. to a crisis in 1956: with France, UK Mahab wrote in an article pub- and Israel invading Egypt.


Editor’s mail

One of the reasons for the present based on their proximity, geopolitical Russian annexation of Crimea could be significance, security and economic inthat it hosts the its Black Fleet, which terests. Since the end of World War II, is key for power projections in other re- one of the underlying principles of this gions, including the Middle East. As perspective has been the unity of Euroseen in the case of Syria, Iran, Iraq and pean powers and keeping the conflicts Egypt, the Russians are attempting to away from the home sphere of influgrow its influence in these nations once ence. Applying the same principles to more. While most of the Black Fleet has been aging, Russian military ana- South Asia would also require unity of lyst Prokhor Tebin suggested in a re- the home region. Similarly a prosperous South Asia cent article: “The necessitates its Black Sea also adjacent regions provides the closof ‘Near West’ est access for Rus(Afghanistan, Persia to the It should be noted that sian Gulf and the Mediterranean Middle East) and Sea and Indian British centers of ‘ Near East and Ocean, which is important for both intellectual thinking have Middle East’ (Myanmar, Vieteconomic and China, geopolitical rea- also been pondering over a nam, Malaysia, Koreas, sons. Meanwhile, ‘Return to East of Suez Japan, Hong in June 2013, Policy’. This thinking Kong, etc) to stay Putin declared relatively peaceRussia will maintain a permanent envisions placing land, sea, ful in the long naval presence in and air forces across the run. On the other hand, if China’s the area (Middle region, for touch and go Near South West East). “This is a (South Asia) and strategically imtype operations. Middle West portant region and (Middle East) we have tasks to were mired in carry out there to conflict, it would provide for the nahave a significant tional security of the Russian Federation,” he had stated. destabilising impact on China. Middle It should be noted that British cen- East is the largest source of oil imports ters of intellectual thinking have also for China, which constituted about 52 been pondering over a ‘Return to East per cent of its total imports in 2013, of Suez Policy’. This thinking envi- while Africa provides about 23 per cent sions placing land, sea, and air forces of Chinese oil imports. Saudi Arabia across the region, for touch and go type and Angola together make up 33 per operations. The fear is that Arab awak- cent of Chinese oil imports. (Data ening, the situation of Iran and Syria, Source: US Energy Information Adhas made the region highly volatile and ministration.) These scenarios are more applicaBritain has to have options on how to respond, independently or in coopera- ble if security concerns severely curtail tion with NATO, in case its interests the extension of globalisation. However, if the Trans Atlantic and Trans Paare threatened. cific trade agreements do move The South Asian vantage point The irony is that the Middle East as forward, the growing interdependence defined above lies actually to the west would make nations and regions to act of Indo-Pak subontinent. If we were to independently, less plausible. Nonetheless, as European tensions instead consider the subcontinent as the center of the world, the proximity of over Ukraine heat up, and transfer to different regions and their respective other regions, the interests of Indo-Pak value alters. For example, the Middle subcontinent lies in stabilising its adjaEast would then become ‘Near West’ cent Near East and Near West and eswhile Europe will be ‘Middle West’ tablishing unity in the home sphere. and North America the ‘Far West’. For The likelihood of this though is miniall intents and purposes, the East Asia mal as they are likely to select sides, could very well be the true ‘Middle which could aggravate the situation at the home front and the adjacent areas. East’ for the subcontinent. The question then becomes, how Arif Ansar is chief analyst at would this difference in terminology help to define the interests of South PoliTact, a Washington-based futurist Asia. First of all, it provides for the true advisory firm ( He be reached at: vantage point; meaning it would mean can seeing the world from ones own eyes., and on Twitter The Europeans defined the regions at: @ArifAnsar.

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Share our similarities, celebrate our differences The tapestry of human culture, with its vivid and enchanting hues has evolved into a unanimous interpretation of peace. The evolved human intellect has translated all philosophical and religious ideologies in the light of humanity and love-an unconditional love for all mankind irrespective of beliefs and identities, values and norms, customs and attitudes. This respect for the individual while maintaining a collective harmony transformed into laws, norms and ethics, and hence shaped the human thought into a desire to live and let live. The idea of peaceful co-existence is annealed with the awareness of a very fundamental truth, that the entire human race shares more commonalities than differences. The shrine of Hazrat Nizammudin, for example, has been the symbol of religious harmony since 1325, as Muslims, Hindus and Sikhs have prayed in their own ways at this blessed place which has been a source of inner peace for everyone who steps into this island of spirituality. Our hurts, happiness, celebrations, our need to

love and be loved, our hopes and dreams, and our collective conscience is rooted in the same soil, as seven billion people breathe in and out the incense of life, at the exact same rhythm. The respect for life and liberty, demonstrations for peace and human rights, organized efforts to protect humanity, a very strong voice always in favor of the most peaceful solution to international problems, and an ever increasing reverence for the sanctity of human dignity, all speak loudly of the readiness to share the similarities between us. The United Nations Organization and all its associated organs as well as donor organisations like USAID have renewed trust in humanity as they strive to eliminate misery and pain from the entire world. With the awareness of being similar comes the admiration of differences, which makes the portrait of human identity very beautiful. The understanding that being different is not synonymous with being wrong, the acknowledgement that everyone is right in their own context and the eagerness to preserve the right to have a personal freedom of beliefs and actions has given a new hope to this world. Now we see mass protests all over the world against the violation of human rights, no matter where it takes place, we see a very strong sentiment for anti-war foreign policy in all countries and organisations like the Melinda Gates foundation helping the world beyond the boundaries of countries or regions.


It is a beautiful dream to see the world celebrating Christmas, Eid, and Holi and appreciating the soulful musicality of the bells of monks; to live in a world where humanity is the most sacred law, where tolerance is the supreme quality and unconditional love the most ethical virtue. I believe that life is too short for animosities, and letting differences get the better of us as individuals and lead us to conflict, thus, we must understand that though, an individual, a sect, a social group, or another religion, might be different from us in terms of ideologies, mindsets, and thinking, however, the universal understanding of good and evil being the same, should be our guiding principle towards the fact, that such differences must not be allowed to hinder us from our universal goal, which is to work for the greater good, which encompasses a world that believes that there is much more than just skin color, nationality, ethnicity, and religion, which may influence our opinion about others, that much more is the strength of morals, character, and honesty of intention. Alan Wilson Watts says: “Through our eyes, the universe is perceiving itself. Through our ears, the universe is listening to its harmonies. We are the witnesses through which the universe becomes conscious of its glory, of its magnificence.” MUHAMMAD AHMED TAJAMMUL Lahore


Saturday, 19 April, 2014

Return of the generals in Turkey naTional inTereST


MaRcus & KaRaveli

He turkish military wasn’t supposed to matter anymore. Over the past three years, many of turkey’s senior military officers were tried and imprisoned on charges of planning coups against Prime Minister recep tayyip erdogan’s democratically elected government. the trials came after erdogan successfully moved to reduce the military’s role in political decision-making and put it under the firm control of civilian rule. together, these actions not only reduced the threat of a coup against the Islamist-leaning erdogan, but also helped the prime minister cement popular backing from other Islamic conservatives and turkey’s liberals, all of whom were happy to see the armed forces pay for their past abuses. the power struggle that broke out a few months ago between erdogan and his former allies in the Islamist conservative camp, the followers of the Pennsylvaniabased Islamic preacher Fethullah Gulen, changed the dynamic. erdogan started to reconsider his moves to undercut the generals. He and his officials took steps and made statements that appeared to support a renewed role for the military as political actors, albeit hand-in-hand with him. the March 30 local elections, widely seen as a referendum on erdogan’s increasingly autocratic and anti-democratic rule, gave him the results he needed to continue

to promote his own agenda. His Justice and Development Party (known by its turkish initials, aKP) won 43 percent of the vote nationally, with the strongest rival, the social democrat republican People’s Party (known as cHP, for its turkish initials), polling 26 percent nationwide. cHP was unable to wrest control of Istanbul from aKP and even in ankara, where the incumbent aKP mayor appeared weak, the two parties’ candidates just about tied, and votes are still being contested. Having scored a strong victory at the ballot box, erdogan is now ready to move actively against the Gulen movement’s network. Members of Gulen’s movement dominate the country’s police force and judiciary, and they are believed to be behind the broad corruption probe launched on December 17, 2013 that seemed to target erdogan by going after businessmen and the sons of politicians close to him. Gulen supporters are also suspected of being responsible for wiretapping erdogan and others and then leaking the tapes that appear to implicate the prime minister in some of the alleged corruption. (erdogan denies the veracity of the tapes and allegations.) In his victory speech on election night, erdogan made clear that his main concern was Gulen and his followers. “We’ll walk into their dens. they will pay for this,” he said. erdogan, whose increasingly autocratic ways—including banning twitter prior to the election—have led to a rift with liberals as well, is also likely

to keep up the pressure on his opponents in the media, arts and business worlds. He won’t do this alone. He has indicated that he is planning to team up with his former nemesis, the military, to undercut forces that threaten his personal hold of the state. this gives the generals the opportunity to move back into a position of political primacy. the new, de facto alliance between erdogan and the turkish General Staff was launched at the February 26 meeting of the National Security counc i l , whose members include the country’s five most senior military officers. the council unanimously voted to designate the Gulen movement—which they referred to as “the parallel structure”—as a threat to national security. they declared “total war” against Gulen activities in turkey and approved a blueprint of action that includes identifying and purging Gulen’s cadres from the state. a few weeks later, the constitutional court voided the life sentence against former chief of

the General Staff Ilker Basbug, one of the many senior military officers jailed for alleged coup plotting. When Basbug was released on March 7, erdogan personally called to congratulate him, saying that he expected to see others freed too. Given that turkey’s aKP-controlled parliament in February approved a measure to disband the special courts that convicted most of the military officers, it seems very likely that more officers will be released soon. In his victory speech on March 30, erdogan s a i d that h e had been naïve to let the Gulenists move into important positions. It’s true that over time, as Gulen’s followers grew more powerful, they sought to exert a more direct say in the government’s daily affairs. they objected to the aKP government’s peace talks with the PKK Kurdish rebel group. the chief prosecutor in Istanbul, seen as a backer of Gulen, called in erdogan’s chief of intelligence, Hakan Fidan, in February 2012, to

question him over the government’s overtures to the PKK. relations collapsed completely in the late fall, with the corruption probe and release of tapes that appeared to implicate erdogan. But erdogan doesn’t appear to see similar risks in partnering with the military. this may be his mistake. For the moment, the military has good reason to bury any resentment of erdogan and move forward jointly. the military blames the Gulen movement for the trials against their officers and for what the military long claimed was doctored evidence. Basbug, the former chief of staff released last month from jail, said that neutralizing the threat posed by the Gülenist was the country’s priority. “If there is corruption then this should of course be addressed,” he said in a statement shortly before being released. “But an elected government should be voted out of power; attempts to bring it down with non-electoral maneuvers amounts to a coup.” Senior officers aren’t just angry at the cases that decimated their prestige and morale. they are also worried about Gulen’s influence over the military’s rank and file. Over the years, pro- Gulenist young officers have risen in the ranks. the military’s top brass is afraid of being overtaken by Gulenist officers. the various leaks of government tapes showed the reach of the movement’s supporters—but no more so than the recent tape of erdogan’s senior national intelligence chief, the deputy chief of the General Staff and his foreign minister discussing

intervention scenarios in Syria. that was a sign that even the country’s highest officials, including the military top brass, aren’t immune from the wiretapping. the military knows that their officers wouldn’t have been in prison if it hadn’t been for erdogan, who let Gulen supporters take the lead for so many years and ignored claims of doctored evidence. Nonetheless, partnering with aKP now is the only way for the military to exact revenge and reclaim power. But there is no reason to take for granted that the military will remain loyal to erdogan . they are bound to be as deeply resentful against erdogan as they are against the Gulenists. the return of the military may be good for erdogan in the shortterm, but he’s likely creating a potential new challenge in the future. the lesson of turkish history is clear: the military always triumphs. the mighty Janissary army that had defied the authority of countless Ottoman sultans was slaughtered by Mahmut II in 1826, but that did not spell the end of the military’s political role. Don’t bet on a break with history in turkey. Aliza Marcus is a writer in Washington, DC, and the author of a history of the Kurdish rebel PKK movement, Blood and Belief: The PKK and the Kurdish Fight for Independence. Halil Karaveli is senior fellow at the Central Asia-Caucasus Institute and Silk Road Studies Program Joint Center and the editor of the Turkey Analyst.




RobeRt Kaplan

ecretary of State John Kerry evidently runs a tight ship, given the paucity of leaks that emerge from his office. So we know he is organized and disciplined. He is also an energetic risktaker, jumping into high-wire negotiations with Iran, and forcing the Israelis and Palestinians to the negotiating table -- enterprises that could likely end in failure and ruin his reputation. this is a man with character. By contrast, his predecessor at State, Hillary clinton, appeared to take few risks and has been accused of using the position of secretary of state merely to burnish her resume in preparation for a presidential run. But there is one thing that Kerry has not been good at: explaining what he is doing and why to the public. How do these high-wire negotiations fit into a larger strategic plan? What do the Iran talks have to do with those between Israel and Palestine? What is the relationship between the two sets of Middle east negotiations and american strategy in asia and europe? the Obama administration has provided the public with little insight on any of these matters. Why can't the administration ex-

plain better what it is doing? I believe the reason is that the administration cannot own up to the philosophical implications of the very policy direction it has chosen. It is as though top officials are embarrassed by their own choices. the administration has refused to intervene in Syria in a pivotal way, and it has very awkwardly still not managed to make its peace with egypt's new military dictatorship -though it does not oppose the new regime in cairo outright. But it is embarrassed that it has done these things. the Obama team wants to pursue a foreign policy of liberal internationalism, in the tradition of previous Democratic administrations. It wants to topple a murderous dictatorship in Syria. It wants democracy in egypt. But instead, it finds itself pursuing a foreign policy of conservative realism, in the tradition of previous republican administrations, like those of Dwight eisenhower, richard Nixon and George H.W. Bush. It is doing so because realism is about dealing with the facts as they exist on the ground with the goal of preserving american power, whereas liberal internationalism is about taking risks with the facts on the ground in order to seek a better world. President Barack Obama and Secretary Kerry are afraid that if they intervene militarily in Syria they will help bring to power a jihadist-trending regime there -- or conversely, Syria will disintegrate into even worse anarchy, with echoes of afghanistan in the 1990s. So they do little. Obama and Kerry must know that the choice in egypt is not simply between dictatorship and democracy, but between military authoritarianism that can be indirectly helpful to Western interests and an Islamist regime that would be hostile to Western interests. So they quietly, albeit angrily, accept the new order in cairo. the administration knows that if it wants to pivot toward the Pacific, it must also attempt to put america's diplomatic house in order in the Middle east: thus, it seeks a rapprochement with Iran and a deal be-

tween the Israelis and Palestinians. all of this is reasonable, if uninspiring. But the Obama team has been relatively tongue-tied because it cannot admit to being a liberal Democratic administration pursuing a moderate republican foreign policy. It is a shame because publicly explaining some of these actions should be relatively easy. In regards to egypt, all the administration needs to say is, We support democracy where we can and stability where we must. In regards to Syria, it can warn about the unpredictable dangers that come with serious military intervention. It can explain Iran and Israel-Palestine in terms of america's larger goals in the Middle east and asia. the more peace there is in the Middle east, the more that america can concentrate on asia -- the geographic center of the world economy. though Hillary clinton was risk averse, unlike Kerry, she did explain what she was doing. Her "pivot" to asia may have been sniped at by some experts and pundits. But it was a strategic conception that was somewhat original, and she did, in fact, explain it better than Kerry has explained anything. In fact, she authored a long essay about the asia pivot in the magazine Foreign Policy. that was rare, since original ideas ordinarily do not come out of government. Obama has good realistic instincts, but thus far he doesn't have a strategy that he has been able to explain to the public. and without a strategy he loses influence, since power in the media age is not only about deeds and capabilities, but about what you rhetorically stand for. ronald reagan was a powerful president in significant part because of his soaring rhetoric. (after russian President Vladimir Putin annexed crimea, reagan would have flown to Poland or the Baltic states and declared, "Mr. Putin, I am standing on hallowed NatO ground!") George W. Bush was a weaker president than he might have been because he was perceived to be inarticulate. Obama is a fine speaker, but he has explained little in the foreign policy realm, and even when he does so he

appears to lack passion, as if he is merely reading his lines. this makes his foreign policy weaker, regardless of the inherent strengths of it. and it makes his opponents overseas have less respect for him. Once again, in a media age, presentation and branding can be 50 percent of everything -- especially if one is on the world stage. If this were not the case, political leaders in both democracies and dictatorships would never give speeches, but would confine their activities strictly to behindthe-scenes meetings. Obama certainly has material with which to work. Just look at the world today. china and russia, with all of their problems and limitations, have emerged as major geopolitical rivals of the United States in their respective regions. the Middle east is fundamentally more unstable than it has been in decades, with several state collapses having provided fertile breeding grounds for the most extremist groups. Of course, the United States cannot dominate the world. It cannot kick china out of asia and russia out of europe. and it cannot fix societies like Syria and Libya. But it can intelligently maneuver, affecting power balances everywhere more often than not to its advantage. and one of the ways it can do this is by -to repeat -- supporting democracy where we can and stability where we must. It can also do this by preserving a measure of global stability through air and sea deployments in the Pacific and Indian oceans. the United States can be the organizing principle for working with europe against a revanchist russia. all of these parts fit together. this and much more can be explained to the american people. and doing so would certainly enhance U.S. power, making it less likely to be tested in the first place.

Robert D. Kaplan is Chief Geopolitical Analyst at Stratfor, a geopolitical intelligence firm, and author of Asia's Cauldron: The South China Sea and the End of a Stable Pacific.

Trade with Pakistan will benefit both countries Tribune, Chandigarh Pakistan’s new High Commissioner is batting for more trade between the two Punjabs. This is a mutually beneficial relationship that will, no doubt, in the longer run, help to normalise relations between India and Pakistan. However, High Commissioner Abdul Basit’s recent comments have to be taken in the limited context these were made, since any improvement in the trade relations between the two Punjabs is predicated on the wider India-Pakistan relationship. Further developments will take place after a new government is formed in New Delhi. Even if, as is widely being presumed, the new government is led by the BJP, ties can improve, as they did during the tenure of Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee. There is a limited amount of trade being conducted from the land route, but its fragility can be gauged from the fact that even the arrest of a driver whose vehicle was used to smuggle drugs into India, disrupted trade from both sides for a considerable period of time. However, forward movement on Pakistan granting the Non-Discriminatory Market Access status to India and New Delhi reciprocating would set the stage for major gains. Naturally, border towns in both countries would benefit the most. The proposal to supply 500 MW of electricity to Pakistan will need proper infrastructural and administrative mechanism. It could well pave the way for greater cooperation on the proposed gas pipeline from Iran. India and Pakistan both stand to gain economically by trading directly. Culturally, there is much affinity, even affection, between the two Punjabs and state governments have hosted sports events here where Pakistani teams participated. The overall political situation, a history of violent confrontations and several outstanding issues like Kashmir and Siachin, all come in the way of a long-lasting settlement. The two governments will have to address fundamental issues before seeking more trade with each other. When they do so, both economies will benefit, as will traders and businessmen.


Saturday, 19 April, 2014


ISLAMABAD: Zong CEO Dr Fan Yunjun and UNICEF Country Representative Dan Rohrmann sign an MoU on polio eradication cooperation. pr

KARACHI: Russian Ambassador Alexey Y. Dedov visited the Federation of Pakistan Chambers of Commerce and Industry on Friday. Picture shows FPCCI President Zakaria Usman and RBF President Farooq Afzal presenting a memento to the Russian ambassador. PR

Yet another Akhuwat initiative to empower small businesses LAHORE: Attended by academicians, entrepreneurs and prominent businessmen from throughout the country, Akhuwat held the opening ceremony of its MyBiz Incubation Centre at AISEM (Akhuwat Institute of Social Enterprise & Management) here at Lahore. The programme is an Akhuwat collaboration with MyBiz Pakistan. Speaking on the occasion, Akhuwat founder and executive director Dr. Amjad Saqib said, “Akhuwat Incubation Centre shall create new horizons of excellence, through harnessing end enhancing the creativity, skill-set and energy of micro-level entrepreneurs and financing them to take their businesses to the next level.” The programme, Dr Amjad said, shall energize the productivity and profits of small businesses by equipping these to enlarge their operations and progress to the level of small and medium enterprises. “This shall also create new employment opportunities in sizable numbers”, said Dr. Amjad Saqib. Amer Qureshi, the Project Adviser to My Biz Incubation Centre, in his detailed presentation to the distinguished audience said, to begin with My Biz Incubation Centre shall train, guide, support and finance twenty microfinance businesses to higher level by extending their business operations. “The programme is devised in a manner that it would harness the ideas and expertise of micro-level entrepreneurs, put them through an intense incubation programme which shall empower them to go to a higher level of productivity and entrepreneurship,” said Amer Qureshi. preSS reLeaSe

Meezan Bank to launch Shariahcompliant Generator Financing

KARACHI: Meezan Bank, Pakistan’s first and largest Islamic bank, has added Generator financing to its menu of Consumer Financing products by joining hands with Honda Atlas Power Products (Pvt.) Ltd. Through this Riba-free Generator financing product “Meezan Roshani”, Meezan Bank will provide Halal financing for a wide range of world renowned Honda generators in easy installments for 3 to 24 months. Mr. Ariful Islam, Deputy CEO - Meezan Bank and Mr. Hisao Kobayashi, CEO Honda Atlas Power Products signed the MoU at a ceremony recently held at Meezan Bank’s Head Office. Mr. Muhammad Raza, Group Head - Consumer Banking & Marketing and Mr. Malik Nasir, GM Honda Motors were also present at the occasion. preSS reLeaSe

With the aim of opening traditional and new ways of trade, Pakistan sees horticulture exports to Central Asia via Silk Route (Shahra-e-Resham). Pakistan Fruit and Vegetable Exporters, Importers and Merchant Association (PFVA) has signed a memorandum of cooperation (MoC) with International Association of Silk Route Trade (IASRT) of Kyrgyzstan to strengthen the bilateral trade and explore new markets for horticulture sector in the region. The MoC was signed after a three days long international conference held recently in Islamabad. The conference was attended by dignitaries, businessmen and exporters from seven countries of South and Central Asia. The MoC, signed by PFVA Chairman Abdul Malik and head of IASRT says that the two association would play their role for exploring trade opportunities in region specially for the horticultural products which would ulti-

mately benefit millions of people from farms to factories. Elaborating the importance of the agreement and trade with Central Asian states, Waheed Ahmed, spokesman and former chairman of PFVA said that Pakistan could make additional revenue of over $ 400 million through exporting fruits/vegetable and value added pulp of mango and Kinnow juice. According to him, the Central Asian states are not only a lucrative market for mango, kinnow, poatato, onion, value added products of fruits, palm oil, meat, rice and all Halal products but the route to this region can also lead the Pakistani products to Russia and European markets. Pakistan has the advantage of land links with the strategically land locked countries of the region. He said the visiting importers, traders of the sector from CIS countries had shown keen interest in Pakistan fruits, vegetables, technology and expertise in processing food. They were also interested in getting help from Pakistan in fruit processing and packaging sector.

Major Gainers COMPANY OPEN Rafhan Maize XD 9800.00 Bata (Pak) SPOT 3194.00 Sanofi-Aventis SPOT 1120.00 Philip Morris Pak. 731.00 Shezan Inter 860.00

HIGH 9943.50 3255.00 1129.26 733.84 913.50

LOW 9799.99 3194.00 1120.00 716.00 835.00

CLOSE CHANGE 9943.50 473.50 3255.00 155.00 1129.26 53.77 733.84 34.94 899.48 29.48

TURNOVER 780 1,740 2,100 7,500 6,400

8686.86 4150.00 8365.00 1450.00 1650.00

8686.86 4091.00 7930.00 1372.75 1626.00

8686.86 4115.00 8046.83 1385.10 1626.00

-270.85 -190.00 -151.17 -59.90 -54.00

20 320 2,280 1,800 40

14.17 13.36 5.83 5.24 11.10

13.64 12.34 4.83 5.06 10.82

13.72 13.20 5.83 5.08 10.87

0.03 0.83 1.00 0.00 -0.17

41,393,000 40,727,500 21,840,500 8,821,500 8,142,000

Major Losers Unilever FoodsXD Wyeth Pak Ltd XD Nestle Pak. XD Pak Tobacco SPOT Colgate Palmoliv

8686.86 4150.00 8300.00 1440.00 1650.00

Volume Leaders Lafarge Pak. Jah.Sidd. Co. JS Bank Ltd Pace (Pak) Ltd. B.O.Punjab

13.74 12.45 4.90 5.14 11.10

Interbank Rates USD GBP JPY EURO

PKR 96.1779 PKR 160.8094 PKR 0.9454 PKR 132.9371

Forex UK Pound Sterling Euro Australian Dollar Canadian Dollar China Yuan Japanese Yen Saudi Riyal U.A.E Dirham US Dollar



161.75 134 90.5 87.75 15.5 0.9697 25.8 26.4 98

162 134.25 90.75 88 15.65 0.9841 26.05 26.65 98.25




HE Overseas Investors Chamber of Commerce and Industry (OICCI) has suggested the Sindh government to integrate all revenue collections under one body so that the taxpayers are engaged with only one tax window as against the current three different provincial revenue collecting authorities. The chamber also extended its support to the Sindh government in its efforts to increase revenue collection and streamline the taxation structure of the province so that all segment of the society including those engaged in agriculture make due contribution to the development of the province. This was stated during an interactive session at OICCI Thursday with Tashfeen Khalid Niaz, Chairman Sindh Revenue Board (SRB), and Mushtaque Kazmi, advisor on taxes to discuss OICCI’s 2014-15 taxation proposals for Sindh. OICCI President Asad S Jafar commenting on the enhanced role of the provincial governments in revenue collection after the 18th amendment stressed the need for SRB and major stakeholders like

OICCI whose members contribute over Rs 700 billion annually to the federal and provincial revenue to remain closely engaged. Jafar said the OICCI’s proposals for Sindh’s fiscal budget 2014-15 highlighted some restructuring measures to facilitate investment and economic activity besides suggestions for broadening the tax base and review of the basis of taxation for agricultural income. M Abdul Aleem, CE/Secretary General OICCI, invited SRB Chairman’s attention to fast deteriorating position of Pakistan in the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business (EODB) Index. Pakistan has sharply slipped from being 75 in 2010 to 110 in 2014 which has considerable negative implications in attracting FDI in the country. One of the key irritant in EODB has been the complications on paying taxes including provincial and local taxes. The OICCI’s 2014-15 taxation proposals to the Sindh government in-

clude integration of current three revenue collection agencies into one, taxing all incomes including agriculture activities-related income, full coordination between all the provincial revenue boards to clearly identify jurisdictional issues which are creating problems for tax payers, reduction and uniformity in sales tax rates for all kinds of business activities, need for clarity in scope of taxable services, exemption for withholding agents from deducting sales tax from unregistered vendors, introduction of zero-rating regime for certain business transactions including those impacting the pharmaceutical sector which is not covered in the federal sales tax ambit and

deletion of toll manufacturing from the list of services which are subject to provincial tax levy as toll manufacturing is part of Federal Sales Tax Act. SRB Chairman Tashfeen Khalid Niaz lauded the role of OICCI members who collectively contribute over one-third revenue collections in Pakistan. He also appreciated the fact that OICCI was the first and, so far, the only body to have submitted tax proposals for consideration in the next Sindh budget for fiscal year 2014-15, and commended the investments being made by OICCI members. He also informed the participants about the significant contribution of SRB to the enhancement and efficiency of tax collection which was a benchmark in Pakistan. He invited all the members to come to the SRB for any issues and promised that SRB will immediately look into the matter for a possible solution. The chairman addressed all the main proposals presented by Aleem and promised to consider these proposals from various aspects to determine which proposals could be considered in the next Sindh budget.

Atif R Bokhari resigns from UBL Karachi Staff report

After 10 years at the helm of United Bank Limited (UBL) as the President and Chief Executive Officer, Atif R Bokhari has decided to resign from the position. During this period, the bank made tremendous strides to create the

financial powerhouse that it is today. The assets grew from Rs 225 billion to Rs 1,084 billion, deposits from Rs199 billion to Rs.828 billion and the resulting profit before tax from Rs 4.5 billion to

Rs.28.9 billion. During this period, UBL established new businesses of insurance, Islamic banking, a banking subsidiary in Tanzania, acquisition of Khushali Bank and launching of branchless banking business into one of the most recognised in the world.


Saturday, 19 April, 2014





Your active lifestyle is making life a lot better for you today -- so make sure that you're pushing yourself to the limit! Your energy levels shouldn't drop off too much as you go along.

Try not to push yourself hard today - playing it safe is the best bet for sure. Things are looking up, but that doesn't mean it's a time for risky bets. Just don't rock the boat for now.

Your energy is good enough to feel secure as you take action today. It's not a good time for passive observation or for anything like reaction. You need to get the ball rolling ASAP!




Take good care of yourself -- it's a good time for further education or for positive steps toward a healthier lifestyle. Get some advice if you think you need it, but your intuition should be enough.

Your great energy is manifesting in a new sense of fun and adventure, so take off somewhere new and show the world what you've got. Things are really taking off for you now, so enjoy!

If it's up to you, today's big launch or project gets canceled. There's nothing wrong with that -- in fact, knowing when to say no is one of the key elements of real success. Don't be shy!




Your energy feels a bit constrained -so explore your options. You may have more possibilities open to you than you realize, and that could mean that you're well on your way to a new life!

Take a risk! You may not pull it off, but the mere act of pushing your luck is sure to get the attention of the right person or supernatural being. You need to show your fearlessness now.

It's one of those days when you're pretty sure that you've got to pass out praise to those you admire. That could mean compliments at work or writing fan letters to artists who changed your life.







Your idealism is your guiding light today, and it makes you pretty sure that you're moving in the right direction. If you run into any opposition try to convince them before laying siege.

Friendship really is magic for you -- and you may find that things start to get really magical late in the day! Your people know just what you need, and at least one surprise is coming your way.

You need to lay down the law at home or at work -someone is breaking the rules in a way that is causing real problems. This may not be a comfortable situation, but you can make it better.



woRd sEaRcH



How to play fill in all the squares in the grid so that each row, column and each of the squares contains all the digits. the object is to insert the numbers in the boxes to satisfy only one condition: each row, column and 3x3 box must contain the digits 1 through 9 exactly once.

Today’s soluTions

tEst yoUR pERcENtaGEs

cHEss white tO PLAY AND MAte iN fOur MOVes


8 7 6 5 4 3 2








chess solution


1.Nf3 Qxh1 2.Ne5 Qh3 3.Nd7+ Qxd7 4.bxd7 *


sudoku solution

1 swoon (5) 2 passage from a book (7) 3 small compartment (4) 4 uncivilised (8) 5 let in (5) 6 someone who fuels a furnace (6) 11 impale (8) 12 snatch (anag) (6) 13 hide (7) 15 narrow mountain stream (5) 17 grub (5) 18 swollen-headed (4)

hiatus hoar hostile impugnity invest kiwi molar outlook prism prose racer rakes rivalry smite stifle tart thank tolerance

crossword solution

1 haricot vert (6,4) 7 leaflet for mass distribution (8) 8 flying insect (4) 9 sarcastic (4) 10 be involved (7) 12 8 17 (11) 14 capital punishment (7) 16 go bankrupt (4) 19 support — postponement (4) 20 plumage (8) 21 chief port of egypt (10)

affliction again blank bleak brevity bully clean cleft context cost crash critic cruel dissent double enemy gambit harsh


Saturday, 19 April 2014



Hillary Rodham Clinton's publisher says her upcoming book on her role as President Barack Obama's secretary of state will be called "Hard Choices." Publisher Simon & Shuster said Friday the new book will offer Clinton's "inside account of the crises, choices and challenges" she faced as secretary of state and "how those experiences drive her view of the future." The book will be released June 10. The title could also reference another big decision looming for Clinton: whether to run for president again in 2016. Polls show her as the leading Democratic contender if she seeks the White House, which was once held by her husband, Bill Clinton. The former first lady and New York senator is already a best-selling author of the 2003 memoir, "Living History." AGENCIES


Facebook users in the U.S. will soon be able to see which of their friends are nearby using a new feature the company is launching on Thursday. The “Nearby Friends” feature must be turned on by the user, so people shouldn’t expect to broadcast their location unknowingly. It will use your smartphone’s GPS system to tell your Facebook friends you are nearby — provided they have the feature turned on as well. Rather than share your exact location, it will show only that you are nearby, say, within half a mile. If you like, you can manually share a more precise location with a specific friend you’d like to meet up with. Friends can see where you’re located in a particular park, airport or city block. By default, your exact location will be shared for only an hour, although you can change this. Nearby Friends launches amid the growing popularity of location-based mobile dating apps such as Tinder and Hinge. But unlike those apps, Facebook’s feature will let you meet up only with people who are already your friends. Facebook, whose motto has long been “move fast and break things,” built a lot of precautions in this new tool as it tries to avoid privacy fiascos that often bubble up when it makes changes to its service. The new motto, “ship love,” is evident in the cautious rollout of Nearby Friends, said Jules Polonetsky, director of the Future of Privacy Forum, an industrybacked think tank in Washington. He has advised Facebook on privacy issues, including the latest feature. He believes Facebook is showing “a deeper appreciation that with a billion users, any change needs to be implemented in a way that doesn’t surprise the audience.” That’s especially so when it comes to privacy, especially when it comes to location sharing. AGENCIES


CIENTISTS have moved a step closer to the goal of creating stem cells perfectly matched to a patient's DNA in order to treat diseases, they announced on Thursday, creating patient-specific cell lines out of the skin cells of two adult men. The advance, described online in the journal Cell Stem Cell, is the first time researchers have achieved "therapeutic cloning" of adults. Technically called somatic-cell nuclear transfer, therapeutic cloning means producing embryonic cells genetically identical to a donor, usually for the purpose of using those cells to treat disease. But nuclear transfer is also the first step in reproductive cloning, or producing a genetic duplicate of someone - a technique that has sparked controversy since the 1997 announcement that it was used to create Dolly, the clone of a ewe. In 2005, the United Nations called on countries to ban it, and the United States prohibits the use of federal funds for either reproductive or therapeutic cloning. The new study was funded by a foundation and the South Korean government. If confirmed by other labs, it could prove significant because many illnesses that might one day be treated with stem cells, such as heart failure and vision loss, primarily affect adults. Patient-specific stem

cells would have to be created from older cells, not infant or fetal ones. That now looks possible, though far from easy: Out of 39 tries, the scientists created stem cells only once for each donor. Outside experts had different views of the study, which was led by Young Gie Chung of the Research Institute for Stem Cell Research at CHA Health Systems in Los Angeles. Stem cell biologist George Daley of the Harvard Stem Cell Institute called it "an incremental advance" and "not earth-shattering." Reproductive biologist Shoukhrat Mitalipov of Oregon Health and Science University, who developed the technique the CHA team adapted, was more positive. "The advance here is showing that (nuclear transfer) looks like it will work with people of all ages," he said in an interview. A year ago, Mitalipov led the team that used nuclear transfer of fetal and infant DNA to produce stem cells, the first time that had been accomplished in humans of any age. In therapeutic cloning, scientists use a zap of electricity to fuse a grown cell, usually a skin cell, with an ovum whose own DNA has been removed. The egg divides and multiplies, and within five or six days it develops into an embryo shaped like a hollow sphere.

The interior cells are "pluripotent" stem cells, which have the potential to develop into any kind of human cell. If the embryo were implanted in a uterus, it could develop into a clone of the DNA donor, which is how Dolly was created. "Without regulations in place, such embryos could also be used for human reproductive cloning, although this would be unsafe and grossly unethical," said Dr Robert Lanza, chief scientist of Massachusettsbased biotech Advanced Cell Technology and a co-author of the new study. The goal is to grow these embryonic stem cells in lab dishes and coax them to turn into specialized cells for therapeutic use against an illness the DNA donor has, such as Parkinson's disease, heart disease, multiple sclerosis or type1 diabetes. Because the cells are genetically identical to the donor's, they would not be rejected by the immune system. Despite more than 15 years of trying, scientists' single success at producing human stem cells through this cloning technique came a year ago. Mitalipov's team at Oregon had fused fetal and infant cells with donated eggs whose DNA had been removed and got them to develop into about 150-cell embryos. AGENCIES

MEDITERRANEAN DIET MAY SLOW DIABETES PROGRESSION: STUDY For people recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, eating lots of olive oil, fish and whole grains slows progression of the disease more than restricting fat, according to a new analysis. In a trial that followed participants for more than eight years, those following a so-called Mediterranean diet went significantly longer before needing diabetes medication and more of them had their diabetes go into remission, compared to those on a low-fat diet. "There's been lots of epidemiology suggesting that a Mediterranean diet was beneficial with metabolic syndrome and diabetes," Dr. Leanne Olansky told a foreign news agency. "But this was a randomized controlled trial, so we know it really was the diet causing the re-

sults," she said. "This is the kind of evidence that we use to determine if drugs are effective." "Everybody thinks of fat as being bad, but this shows that it depends on what kind of fat," said Olansky, an endocrinologist at the Cleveland Clinic who was not involved in the new study. People diagnosed with diabetes should aim to have a healthy diet, and a Mediterranean diet is a good, healthy option, lead study author Katherine Esposito told the news agency. Cutting calories is important, and cutting fat is an easy way to cut calories, but according to this study, maintaining the right levels of healthy fats is important, she said. "One of the main aspects of the Mediterranean diet is the percentage of daily fat, which

MAHASHER FISH FACES EXTINCTION Owing to damming and ecological fragmentation of water bodies, pollution, water diversion, habitat destruction and indiscriminate hunting, population of Mahasher fish has been continuously declining in the country. The fish of Tor family is presently almost nonexistent in the rivers of Punjab. “Pakistan Museum of Natural History (PMNH) has taken effective measures to preserve the fish, facing extinction at alarming pace, by declaring Poonch River of Azad Jammu and Kashmir as Mahasher National Park,” said Director of PMNH, Dr Muhammad Rafique He further said that IUCN has declared the fish as an endangered species, adding that 10 Kg specimen of 3.5 feet long have been caught in the Poonch River. APP


is higher than 30 percent of daily calories, however, the main fat is monounsaturated, usually from olive oil in the Mediterranean basin," said Esposito, of the Diabetes Unit at University Hospital at the Second University of Naples in Italy. She and her colleagues continued to follow participants in a previous study who had been divided into two groups - one assigned to follow a Mediterranean diet and the other a low-fat diet when they were first diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Both diets were designed to help prevent the disease from getting worse and to keep blood sugar under control without medication for as long as possible. On both diets, women aimed to consume 1,500 calories per day and men aimed for 1,800 per day. Mediterranean dieters ate lots of vegetables and whole grains and replaced most red meat with poultry and fish. Monthly sessions with nutritionists helped them keep less than half of their calories coming from carbohydrates and at least 30 percent of calories from fat, mainly olive oil. The low-fat diet restricted fatty or sugary snacks, limiting fats to less than 30 percent of daily calorie intake. At the end of a fouryear study period, some of the participants in each group still hadn't gone on medication. At the six-year mark, all the people in the lowfat diet group had gone on diabetes medication, but it wasn't until the eight-year mark that all people in the Mediterranean diet group needed medication. Diabetes "remission," in which blood sugar levels appear healthy with no signs of diabetes, was rare overall but slightly more common in the Mediterranean group, according to the results published in Diabetes Care. Avoiding saturated fat, which often comes from red meat, could be important for diabetics, Olansky said. "Although we don't know exactly what it is about Mediterranean diets that helps control blood sugar, it likely has to do with high levels of fiber, less red meat, and more olive oil and fish, a good source of protein with unsaturated fat," she said. AGENCIES

Saturday, 19 April, 2014

Chef Sara riaz loSeS fight againSt CanCer P


ROMINENT TV personality, Chef Sara Riaz passed away on Friday. Sara Riaz had been appearing in cooking shows on ARY Zauq, politely demonstrating the recipes for the audience and nobody expected her to be suffering from a fatal disease such as cancer. Her death will be a biggest loss for her fans as she had helped people learn to cook and serve with delicious mouth watering recipes. Sara Riaz was in critical condition since last week. She had over 20 years of cooking experience and was a well-respected food expert. Her career took off when she

began contributing recipes to media outlets. Her easy to follow recipes and personal charisma soon made her a prominent member of the local culinary community. “Her passing is a huge loss for the food industry,” said editor of food magazine Dalda ka Dastarkhwaan Shaheen Malik. “Sara Riaz trained an entire generation of chefs.” She hosted a popular show on ‘Zouq Zindagi’ which spawned a huge network of fans online. In addition to this she appeared in various morning chows to discuss recipes and offer cooking advice. Her love of food extended beyond her shows. She ran a small training institute from her house in North Nazimabad as well.



WWe WreStlerS in Saudi arabia for live matCheS

RIYADH: Pro wrestlers with the WWE, including John Cena and former champion Randy Orton, are in Saudi Arabia for three days of matches in the capital, Riyadh. World Wrestling Entertainment Inc. says it is the first time its franchise has held matches in the ultraconservative Muslim kingdom, home to Islam's holiest sites. WWE is wildly popular across the Middle East. WWE has an Arabic website and debuted live in the region in Egypt in 2012. Matches also have been held in Qatar and the United Arab Emirates since. Ticketmaster says on its website the matches in Saudi Arabia are ''for males only.'' The state-run Saudi Press Agency says 35 US wrestlers in total from WWE are in the kingdom for the matches that start Thursday. AGENCIES

i am Still SuSSanne roShan, not khan: SuSSanne roShan

leading indian brand rubaaiyat introduCeS firSt franChiSe in PakiStan PRESS RELEASE Popular Indian fashion brand ‘Rubaaiyat’ by Mini Bindra launched its first franchised stand alone store in Pakistan at the prestigious Gulberg Galleria Lahore. Indeed the launch of Rubaaiyatin Pakistan heralds the formal launch of one of the first ever Indian fashion brands in Pakistan. The launch event was a well-attended affair which featured fashion designers, models and other notable social andmedia personalities such as Chairperson of the Executive committee of the PFDC Mrs Sehyr Saigol, CEO PFDC Saad Ali; fashion designers Maheen Kardar Ali, HSY, Mohsin Ali, Yahsir Waheed, Zara Shahjahan, Asifa and Nabeel; TV Personalities Ayesha Sana and Huma Amir Shah; Stylist Shahzad Raza and fashion model Iman Ali among many others. The event was hosted by acclaimed model and personality Natasha Hussain with event management by QYT events and Public Relations by Lotus. On the launch of Rubaaiyat, Designer and entrepreneur Mini Bindra said “As an Indian brand, we are extremely proud to be launching our first ever store in Pakistan. My husband Deepinder Singh and Ihave always championed the belief and business of cross border fashion and to this end are already stocking a selection of Pakistan's leading designers at the PFDC Delhi multi-label store, of whom we are the official Delhi partners and owners. I really feel this collaboration between the Pakistan and Indian fashion business communities is becoming a launching pad for many more trade collaborations”. Rubaaiyat by Mini Bindra’s fashion journey started in 2000 in India.

AKSHAY ANGERS LISA HAYDON, SPRAYS CHAMPAGNE OVER HER NEWS DESK It was not a very pleasant sight to see actor Akshay Kumar spray champagne all over his co-star Lisa Haydon on the sets of Shaukeen, soaking her completely. The crew was also angry with the way Akshay behaved. This made Lisa quite furious but this did not stop Akshay from splashing the champagne all over her. Her short pink dress was dripping wet with the champagne. Lisa, who looked puzzled, immediately ran back into her vanity van to change her dress. It took her an hour to get ready for

her next scene. Lisa had to re-do her hair and makeup. The incident took place when they were shooting for a hot number, Alcoholic. It was the choreographer Ahmed Khan's idea drench Lisa with the bottle of bubbly. The shot has also been canned without her knowledge. Lisa was totally in a shock when this incident happened. When she asked about his actions, Akshay instantly pointed the blame on the choreographer. Ahmed Khan wanted Akshay to spray Lisa all over with champagne and he wanted to capture her genuine expressions of surprise.

Master of Magic realisM, gabriel garcia passes away STAFF REPORT “Think of love as a state of grace; not the means to anything but the alpha and omega, an end in itself,” Love in the Time of Cholera The literary giant, considered to be one of the greatest Spanish-language authors of all time, had spent nine days in hospital with a lung and urinary tract infection this month. The Colombian author was diagnosed with lymphatic cancer about 12 years ago and battled it successfully before being diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease in 2006. He was admitted into hospital for an infection, dehydration and pneumonia. His death was confirmed by two people close to the family who spoke on condition of anonymity out of respect for the privacy of his wife, Mercedes and two sons, Rodrigo and Gonzalo.

Reports in a Mexican newspaper this month that the cancer had returned and spread to his lungs, lymph nodes and liver were publicly denied by Colombian President Juan Manual Santos. The 1967 novel One Hundred Years Of Solitude remains his best known

work, selling 50 million copies in more than 25 languages. In a career spanning more than 60 years his books - among them Chronicle of a Death Foretold, Love in the Time of Cholera and Autumn of the Patriarch - outsold everything published in Spanish except the Bible. The author, whose career spanned journalism and fantastical novels said to have defined and popularised the genre of magic realism, has made few public appearances in recent years. Known to his friends as Gabo, he was highly political and campaigned for Latin American unity and an end to American meddling in the region. Born in the small Colombian town of Aracataca, he won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1982 “for his novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagi-


nation, reflecting a continent's life and conflicts,” according to the Nobel Prize website. In 1981 he was asked about his ambitions as a writer he suggested that it would be a "catastrophe" to be awarded the Nobel prize, arguing that writers struggle with fame, which "invades your private life" and "tends to isolate you from the real world". WORLD REACTS TO DEATH OF GABO: "With the passing of Gabriel Garcia Marquez, the world has lost one of its greatest visionary writers”, Barack Obama “I was honored to be his friend and to know his great heart and brilliant mind for more than 20 years”, Bill Clinton "His unique characters and exuberant Latin America will remain marked in the hearts and memories of his millions of readers," Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff.

Superstar Hrithik Roshan’s estranged wife Sussanne Roshan handles a number of roles like a pro, that is of a mother, daughter, entrepreneur but not a wife. Sussanne broke-up with husband in December last year and though separated Sussanne says that she is still Sussanne Roshan. As per sources, on being asked by which name is she going, Susanne said “Sussanne Roshan, of course.The important thing is knowing that you are not doing anything wrong. Just because two people are not together doesn’t mean that they have a bad relationship. Whether it is as an entrepreneur, as a mother or as an ex, you have to be true to yourself.” In fact, Hrithik and Sussanne are perfect parents to their children and together celebrated birthday of their son Hrehaan. It was a garden party and Sussanne had made all the arrangements. AGENCIES

tiger Shroff: ‘i WaSn’t alWayS keen on beComing an aCtor’

Jackie Shroff's son Tiger Shroff will be marking his Bollywood debut with Sajid Nadiadwala's upcoming production venture Heropanti however, the actor claims that he was not always keen on becoming an actor. At the trailer launch of the film, he said, "Honestly speaking, I wasn't always keen on becoming an actor. Growing up I was always into sports, ranging from football, martial arts and gymnastics but acting was always at the back of my mind. It was always there somewhere but I wasn't too keen." NEWS DESK


Saturday, 19 April, 2014


s two of the most glamorous sides in the Indian T20 league, the focus of the match between Mumbai and Bangalore will invariably be on the middle-order axis in both sides - Rohit Sharma, Kieron Pollard and Corey Anderson, and Yuvraj Singh, Virat Kohli and AB de Villiers. Mumbai, though, have a unique problem on their hands of deciding where they want their big batsmen to bat. Michael Hussey's innings could be an aberration, but there will be some debate on whether Pollard's position in the batting order needs to be more flexible, especially in a tall chase. If they do that, it will leave Corey Anderson as a buffer between the batting and the tail. The manner in which the top-order struggled to get the innings moving along after Hussey's scratchy innings would leave Bangalore's pacers believing they can choke the side. There are kinks for Bangalore, too. Ashok Dinda's T20 league has started from where it ended last year and as impressive as the bowling was in restricting Delhi to a below-par score, their profligacy with wides was a glaring problem. Chris Gayle's availability is also in doubt. The match will also be the first of the tournament to be held in Dubai. The


last T20 match at the ground saw Sri Lanka smash 211 and Pakistan responded with 187. Given the firepower in both line-ups, even without the prospect of Gayle, the Dubai crowd may see another high-scorer. PLAyERs tO wAtcH One of the things Varun Aaron is certain of is that he is unlikely to cut down on his pace anytime soon to prevent injuries. His statement to that effect came after the match against Delhi where he finished with 1 for 9 and troubled the batsmen with sharp speed. His pace, and more importantly, a more disciplined line, will help Bangalore rein in Mumbai's flamboyant top-order. Just when he looked like he was settling at the crease, Rohit Sharma tried to clear the boundary and was out caught in the deep. At the start of the over in which he was out, Mumbai needed 69 off 30 and his presence at the crease would no doubt have helped the chase along. He quickly needs to find his feet in a role not unlike the one Virat Kohli essayed for Bangalore in their first game stAts And tRiviA Mumbai have had the better of Bangalore in seven times in 13 encounters. Ambati Rayudu is the leading rungetter for Mumbai against Bangalore. In 11 games he has 298 runs with two fifties. Chris Gayle has 292 runs against Mumbai in six games at an average of 73 and a strike rate of 143.13.

Beleaguered Yuvraj tees off to sharjah's delight Sharjah: "I've got a feeling," sang the PA system at the Sharjah Cricket Stadium, not long after Yuvraj Singh had walked in to bat. Before the song could proceed any further, and declare that Thursday night was going to be a good night, the DJ stopped it abruptly. He or she was a Yuvraj fan, perhaps, and didn't want to put a jinx on him. This was Yuvraj's first innings since that 21-ball 11 in the World T20 final, and his first innings since a group of fans had reacted unreasonably to that 21-ball 11. It was also his first innings for Bangalore, who had paid a not untidy sum of money to buy him at the auction, despite the fact that he hadn't made a halfcentury in his last 19 Indian T20 League innings. The man at the other end, meanwhile, was Virat Kohli, whom he had denied the strike during that 21-ball 11. Kohli, Bangalore's captain, had played a persuasive role in signing him. This, then, wasn't just another innings. Yuvraj couldn't have chosen a more congenial setting in which to begin such an innings. He had the crowd's sympathy, yes, but he would have had that at any stadium; only a tiny fraction of sports fans, surely, are mean enough to revel in a player's house reportedly getting stoned. Sharjah, though, was also showing itself to be a stronghold of Bangalore fans. In India, it's often hard to get an accurate picture of the extent of home support at the league's venues. At most stadiums, someone has placed a home-team flag on your seat well before you've parked your car. Most emcees, meanwhile, only ask the crowd to cheer for the home team. If you support the other team, you seldom get a chance to voice it. Here, given equal opportunity to cheer for either side, the Sharjah crowd voted with their vocal cords. agencies



SPoRt dESk Two former BCCI presidents, Shashank Manohar and Jagmohan Dalmiya, have reacted strongly to the news of the BCCI calling an emergent meeting on Sunday. While Manohar said the meeting would have no effect on N Srinivasan's position in the board, Dalmiya welcomed the meeting even while saying he felt it was a delayed move. "The board lacks leaders to take on Srinivasan who is shamelessly and stubbornly sticking to his chair," Manohar told PTI. "Nothing has moved in the last one year. The outbreak of the [IPL corruption] scandal happened in May 2013 and we are currently in April 2014." Dalmiya, who is currently the head of the Cricket Association of Bengal, which is a member of the working committee, said that the Supreme Court's scathing appraisal of the BCCI and, in particular, its deposed president Srinivasan in the past week has hurt the image of the board. "Whatever is coming out of [the courts] in the last three-four days, the image of the BCCI is in jeopardy. That is what we need to talk about," Dalmiya told ESPNcricinfo. In the last month, the BCCI has been pushed into a corner by a two-judge bench of the Supreme Court, which has now asked for the board to come back to it with the corrective measures it would take to ensure a free and fair probe into the IPL corruption scandal. On Tuesday, the court also struck down Srinivasan's pleas to be reinstated as president - he had stepped aside in March, after the court had recommended he do so. Also, the court revealed that he

PESHAWAR agencies

was named as one of 13 people allegedly involved in sporting fraud in the sealed envelope submitted by the court-appointed Mudgal inquiry panel, which had been set up last year to investigate the corruption scandal. The courtroom drama had left Dalmiya and some other working committee members quietly disgruntled and puzzled as to why the BCCI had not called for a meeting earlier to discuss the developments. "I am happy that better sense has prevailed and an emergent meeting of the working committee has been convened by the BCCI," Dalmiya said. "In fact, there are some issues of serious nature that need to be discussed at the earliest. "After all, it cannot be denied that the image of the BCCI has taken a beating of late. Therefore, it is of paramount importance to ensure that the BCCI's image is restored in the eyes of the cricket loving public of India." Dalmiya did not want to speculate about any extraordinary decision being possibly discussed or taken by the working committee.

AJMAL CLEARED FOR COUNTY LAHORE: Star Pakistani off-spinner Saeed Ajmal has been given clearance by the Pakistan Cricket Board to play a shortened stint with Worcestershire in the English season. The 36-year-old's departure was held up after Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) discussed the matter following confirmation of Pakistan's tour to Sri Lanka in July-August. "We have given NOC (noobjection certificate) to Ajmal but want him to return in mid-July so that he can be part of team's tour to Sri Lanka," PCB Chief Operating Officer Subhan Ahmed said. staff report


Olympian and national selector Musaddiq Hussain Thursday said that the Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) has decided to hold trials to pick youthful talent on all center all across the country from April 22-29, 2014. The aim and objective is to find out new face in the games for which the national selectors have been assigned to pick the talented youth, he added. He said for this purpose the National Selection Committee headed by Islahuddin Siddiqui (Chairman) with its members comprising Arshad Ali Chawdhry, Ayaz Mahmood, Khalid Bashir, and he himself will be part of the overall selection committee. Musaddiq Hussain said that the players wishing for trials are directed to please appear for the trials at the respective venue on the dates mentioned above. The trials, he said, will be held on the following schedule as under: Trials at Quetta will be held on April 22 at (11.00 a.m to 4.30 p.m), Karachi on April 24-25 at (10.30 a.m to 5.30 p.m), Peshawar on April 27 at (11.00 a.m 5.30 p.m) and Lahore on April 28 and 29 at (11.00 to 4.00 p.m).


Saturday, 19 April, 2014

FERRER STUNS NADAL ON CLAY SPoRt dESk AFAEL Nadal's 30-match claycourt winning streak ended on Friday when the world number one was stunned 76(1) 6-4 by fellow Spaniard David Ferrer who executed a perfect gameplan to reach the Monte Carlo Masters semi-finals. Sixth seed Ferrer, who had beaten Nadal on clay only once 10 years ago and was brushed aside by the muscular left-hander in the French Open final last year, relied on his devastating forehand to prevail in over two hours. Nadal, who made an uncharacteristic string of unforced errors, was looking to recapture his Monte Carlo crown after SerbNovak Djokovic had ended his eight-year reign in last year's final - his last defeat on the slow surface. Ferrer will next face world number three and Australian Open champion Stanislas Wawrinka, who dismissed Canadian eighth seed Milos Raonic 7-6(5) 6-2 in his quarterfinal. "I have had to wait 10 years to beat him on clay. It was a long wait but I am pleased with the win and the way I played," Ferrer told Spanish TV. "I spoke with my coach and we had a clear gameplan but with Rafa it's always tough because he doesn't allow you to follow it. The good thing was I was able to deal with his attacks and stay strong physically for the whole match." Nadal said he did not manage to stick to his own gameplan. "I didn't play the right way. I didn't play with the right intensity with my forehand," he explained. "I played too short. I gave him the chance to have the control of the point almost all the time." Ferrer broke Nadal's serve in the second game, only for the top seed to break back in the third after a 16-minute dogfight in overcast conditions at the Monte Carlo Country Club. Ferrer saw off a potentially decisive break point in the 11th game and the opening set went to a tiebreak, which he won 7-1 as Nadal collapsed. Nadal continued to struggle in the second set, with a weak drop shot being easily retrieved by Ferrer as he broke for 2-1. The world number six


SPoRt dESk

stole Nadal's serve again for 5-2 as the clock ticked past the two-hour mark. Nadal broke back for 5-3 and held for 5-4 but bowed out on the first match point when he netted a routine backhand. Earlier, Swiss Wawrinka, who did not play on Thursday because his third-round opponent Nicolas Almagro of Spain had withdrawn injured, got off to a slow start against Raonic, needing a tiebreak to pocket the first set. nAdAL Admits LAck Of cOnfidEncE: Despite going into the Monte Carlo Masters on the back of another impressive unbeaten run on clay, Rafael Nadal admitted six weeks before his beloved French Open that he has been struggling with his confidence for months.

The world number one, who was knocked out in the quarter-finals of the Monte Carlo Masters on Friday by fellow Spaniard David Ferrer, sustained a back injury at the Australian Open in January. "I don't have to lie to anybody. After what happened in Australia it was little bit harder for me to find again the intensity, the confidence, the inside power that I always have," said Nadal after a 7-6(1) 6-4 defeat by Ferrer ended his 30-match winning run on clay. Nadal made an uncharacteristic 44 unforced errors against Ferrer on centre court, failing to find the right length as Ferrer never released his grip. Asked if a back problem was responsible for his under-par performance, he replied: "No, no, the back is not an excuse.

Djokovic joins Federer and Nadal in Monte Carlo quarters SPoRt dESk Rafa Nadal, Roger Federer and Novak Djokovic demonstrated their superior class on clay as they eased into the quarter-finals of the Monte Carlo Masters on Thursday. Claycourt wizard Nadal barely broke a sweat in his 6-1 6-3 thrashing of Italy's Andreas Seppi while fourth seed Federer recovered from a break in the first set to beat Czech Lukas Rosol 6-4 6-1. Champion Djokovic dropped just one game as he demolished Spain's Pablo Carreno Busta 6-0 61 to continue his title defence in the principality. There was a shock of sorts as Guillermo Garcia-Lopez beat fifth seed Tomas Berdych 4-6 6-3 6-1. The Spaniard will next face defending champion and second seed Djokovic. Spaniard Nadal, whose eight-year reign as champion was ended by Djokovic in the final last year, extended his proud record in Monte Carlo to 50-2 with the win on centre court. The world number one will next meet compatriot and sixth seed David Ferrer in the final


eight, who made easy work of Bulgaria's Grigor Dimitrov by winning 6-4 6-2. "That is going to be a very tough match," the eight-times French Open champion told a news conference about the all-Spanish duel with Ferrer. "David is a tough, tough player on any surface but here on clay, (he is) always a big challenge. I play a lot of matches against him, very tough ones." Federer, who has a record 17 Grand Slam titles, will face local favourite Jo-Wilfried Tsonga in a mouth-watering quarter-final after the French

ninth seed shook off a mediocre start to celebrate his 29th birthday with a 5-7 6-3 6-0 victory over Italy's Fabio Fognini. "I think Jo played the semis here last year, so he's played here well in the past," Federer told a news conference. "I've seen Jo play different kinds of quality matches lately so I'm not quite sure how he's going to play, how aggressive, how passive. "I have to make sure I play aggressive myself and not become too passive just because we're on clay." Djokovic, seeded second, can look forward to a titanic semi-final showdown with Federer should they both get past their next opponents. Swiss third seed Stanislas Wawrinka reached the quarter-finals without hitting a ball on Thursday after his third-round opponent Nicolas Almagro withdrew injured. "I woke up this morning with a severe pain in my left foot that prevented me from even walking normally," Almagro said. "After consulting with the doctor for a long time this morning, we decided together that it was better for me not to play today."

Three Liverpool players have been shortlisted for the Player of the Year award, formally announced by the Professional Footballers' Association (PFA) on Friday. Steven Gerrard, Daniel Sturridge and Luis Suarez are joined by Yaya Toure, Eden Hazard and Adam Lallana on the list of six candidates who have been nominated by the players' union. The winner will be announced at the 41st PFA awards at Grosvenor House on Sunday, April 27. The winner will be announced on Sunday, April 27 and Suarez is favourite to be crowned the top footballer in England following a blistering season. Suarez is favourite for the award thanks to a blistering season which has helped propell Liverpool to the top of the Premier League table. The Uruguayan has scored 29 goals in 29 league matches so far this season to help put the Reds on the brink of their first title since 1990, and would be the first South American to lift the award since its inception in 1974. He represents Liverpool alongside Gerrard and Sturridge. Gerrard has previously won the award in 2005-06, while Sturridge has also been nominated for the PFA Young Player of the Year award and will be hopeful of emulating Gareth Bale, who won both gongs last season. Toure, whose 18 league goals from midfield have been key for Manchester City this season, would be the first African player to be honoured by the PFA's main honour. Hazard has been named on the list two months after his manager at Chelsea, Jose Mourinho, complained that the Belgian had never won a Player of the Month award, which is awarded by the Premier League. The 24-year-old has often been the stand-out performer in the Blues' attack this season, scoring 14 goals in 33 league matches. He, like Sturridge, has also been named on the Young Player of the Year shortlist. Adam Lallana has also made the list following an outstanding season for Southampton, which has seen him thrust into the reckoning for Roy Hodgson's England squad for this summer's World Cup. Last year, Bale, then at Tottenham, won both the PFA Footballer of the Year and PFA Young Footballer of the Year awards, as well as the Football Writers' award. PFA delegates delivered the ballot forms to the 92 Premier and Football League clubs in March, before all votes were counted by Beever & Struthers Chartered Accountants this week.

WHY BARCELONA SHOULD CONSIDER SELLING MESSI SPoRt dESk The Argentina captain is at odds with the club over a new contract but with the need for renewal urgent around Camp Nou, should Barca take the money and run? The current contractual stand-off between Barcelona and Lionel Messi is only likely to end one way - with the top scorer signing a mammoth new deal which will be the richest in football. There is a long way to go, however, on that front and the Catalans might well consider their options despite the transfer ban looming. The club are believed to be offering Messi a fiveyear contract worth €200 million. That equates to €40m per season. Messi is alleged to be unhappy at the terms offered. He feels he is worth more than that. With his current deal expiring in 2018, his transfer value will never be higher. Last summer Barca legend Johan Cruyff suggested that Messi should be sold in order to accommodate Neymar in the line-up. He also accurately predicted that Barca would suffer from playing the two together. After the season Barcelona have endured something has got to give. There are rumblings in the Spanish press this week that Barca are laying the ground work for a Messi sale over the summer. It would be the costliest transfer in the history of football. Paris St-Germain and Manchester City are the only two clubs who could do a deal for Messi in the

current market but it could be a gamble worth taking for Barcelona. Would they rather take €200m for Messi and rebuild their team - transfer ban notwithstanding - or give him €200m with no guarantee that his best days are ahead of him? That transfer ban will hurt them this summer more than any other because they are in need of a drastic overhaul. They need players in practically every position and so they desperately need to have it overturned. The appeal process continues and Barca expect that their legal team will achieve a favourable result. And maybe Messi is in need of a fresh challenge himself. Four Ballons d'Or and a wealth of titles have been accrued during his time at Barcelona. He has smashed every record in the book. On a sporting level, there is not a lot for him left to achieve at Camp Nou. The way Messi has played this season suggests that life without him for Barcelona is not as unthinkable as it once was. Pep Guardiola reportedly walked away from Barca after failing in his attempt to clear out what he saw as distracted and under-motivated players. Messi, legitimately, finds himself in that category today. The 26-year-old has scored 25 league goals this season but there are indications that all is not well. He has struggled for the best part of a year with various knocks and niggles. His output on the field has noticeably decreased. Barca are enduring a torrid season and Messi cannot be absolved from blame. He endured derision for failing to cover the ground

in the Barca's Champions League loss to Atletico Madrid. Radomir Antic, the former Barca coach, suggested that Messi deliberately failed to keep up as a means of punishment to Tata Martino who


fielded him out of position. Messi remains behind only Cristiano Ronaldo as the best player in the world but there are reasons for Barca to contemplate selling.

SPORTS Saturday, 19 April, 2014

Maxwell, Miller orchestrate clinical chase ABU DHABI




successful chase of a target in excess of 200 is normally furious, full of power and towering shots. Glenn Maxwell and David Miller did it differently for Punjab. They hit only five sixes - three of those after the 15th over, by which time Punjab were firm favourites - and turned the game during a 115-run stand that was driven by Maxwell's surgical placement and Miller's calm supporting act. Chennai were overtaken with seven balls to spare. There were only four notable performers in the game and all of them were overseas players. Maxwell and Miller's clinical middle-order partnership came after Chennai's new openers batted as though powered by rocket-fuel. Brendon McCullum and Dwayne Smith also scored half-centuries and ransacked 123 in 12.4 overs, but their fierce partnership was not the best batting effort on a scorching Abu Dhabi afternoon. Chasing 205, Punjab had slipped to 52 for 3 in 5.1 overs. Three Indian batsmen had been dismissed - Virender Sehwag, Cheteshwar Pujara and Akshar Patel - and the game hinged on how

cHennai T20 innings (20 overs maximum) dr Smith c bailey b balaji 66 bb Mccullum c Maxwell b Patel 67 SK raina c Sehwag b awana 24 MS dhoni*† c dhawan b balaji 26 dJ bravo not out 8 extras: (lb 2, w 11, nb 1) 14 Total: (4 wickets; 20 overs) 205 (10.25 runs per over) did noT baT: F du Plessis, ra Jadeja, r ashwin, P negi, a nehra, MM Sharma FaLL oF WicKeTS: 1-123 (Mccullum, 12.4 ov), 2-161 (Smith, 16.2 ov), 3-185 (raina, 18.4 ov), 4-205 (dhoni, 19.6 ov) boWLinG: ar Patel 4-0-34-1, P awana 3-0-35-1, MG Johnson 4-0-47-0, L balaji 4-0-43-2, r dhawan 3-0-21-0, GJ Maxwell 2-0-23-0 MoHaLi T20 innings ca Pujara lbw b ashwin 13 V Sehwag b nehra 19 GJ Maxwell b Smith 95

ar Patel lbw b ashwin 2 da Miller not out 54 GJ bailey* not out 17 exTraS:(lb 1, w 5) 6 ToTaL: (4 wickets; 18.5 overs) 206 did noT baT: WP Saha†, MG Johnson, r dhawan, P awana, L balaji FaLL oF WicKeTS: 1-31 (Sehwag, 2.6 ov), 2-38 (Pujara, 3.4 ov), 3-52 (Patel, 5.1 ov), 4-167 (Maxwell, 15.4 ov) boWLinG: a nehra 3-0-24-1, MM Sharma 2.5-0-35-0, r ashwin 4-0-41-2, P negi 3-0-37-0, ra Jadeja 4-0-43-0, dr Smith 2-025-1 MaTcH deTaiLS ToSS: chennai T20, who chose to bat PoinTS: Mohali T20 2, chennai T20 0 Player of the match - GJ Maxwell (Mohali T20) Umpires - rK illingworth (england) and c Shamshuddin (india) TV umpire - bF bowden (new Zealand) Match referee - aJ Pycroft (Zimbabwe) reserve umpire - K Srinath (india)

Maxwell, Miller and George Bailey would fare. Not one to waste time, Maxwell countered R Ashwin's wideoutside-leg line from round the wicket by reverse-swatting his first ball to the point boundary. That set the tone for an innings filled not only by such unorthodoxy - there were several more reversesweeps and pulls - but also by textbook drives and perfectly-timed pushes between mid-off and cover. Maxwell's placement was largely im-

peccable. Most of his airborne shots were into gaps in the outfield, but two were not and Chennai failed to catch them. On 37, Maxwell reverse-swept Ravindra Jadeja but the top edge was fluffed by Ashish Nehra at short third man, and on 77 the substitute Samuel Badree put down a chance at deep square leg. Miller also had a let-off - on 17, two balls after Maxwell's first reprieve - but it was a much tougher chance that Faf du Plesiss put down at short cover.

rajasthan secure


Hyderabad will be sick of the sight of Australia allrounder James Faulkner. Last year, he took five-wickets hauls in two encounters against Hyderabad, and though this time he didn't make an impact with the ball, he secured a final-over victory by coolly cracking his first two balls for boundaries. It completed a day where 205 was easily hunted down in the afternoon by Punjab, but Rajasthan huffed and puffed to overhaul 133. After Glenn Maxwell and Co. had cruised past Chennai's huge score in the first game of the day, Rajasthan captain Shane Watson had, half-jokingly, said at the toss that he would be happy to chase anything below 200. His team was given a score substantially below 200, but the pursuit was anything but smooth as Hyderabad lived up to their reputation of being tenacious defenders. Rajasthan sprung a surprise by sending Abhishek Nayar opening, and he began by coaxing the first ball from Dale Steyn through cover for four. That was among the few controlled shots from Rajasthan in the Powerplay as Steyn, Bhuvneshwar Kumar and Ishant Sharma had the ball swerving

Scoreboard HYderabad T20 innings (20 overs maximum) aJ Finch c richardson b Kulkarni 2 S dhawan* c richardson b bhatia 38 da Warner c richardson b bhatia 32 KL rahul† c rahane b Kulkarni 20 dJG Sammy c †Samson b richardson 6 Y Venugopal rao not out 16 KV Sharma c Hodge b richardson 4 dW Steyn not out 0 exTraS: (b 1, lb 5, w 9) 15 ToTaL: (6 wickets; 20 overs) 133 did noT baT: a Mishra, b Kumar, i Sharma FaLL oF WicKeTS: 1-2 (Finch, 0.5 ov), 2-77 (dhawan, 11.3 ov), 3-82 (Warner, 13.2 ov), 4-108 (rahul, 16.6 ov), 5-111 (Sammy, 17.3 ov), 6-130 (KV Sharma, 19.4 ov) boWLinG: dS Kulkarni 4-0-23-2, KW richardson 4-0-25-2, JP Faulkner 3-0-27-0, PV Tambev 4-0-23-0, r bhatia 4-0-22-2, STr binny 1-0-7-0 JaiPUr T20 innings aM nayar lbw b Steyn 4 aM rahane c Finch b Mishra 59 SV Samson† c dhawan b Kumar 3 Sr Watson* c †rahul b i Sharma 3 STr binny not out 48 bJ Hodge c Sammy b Mishra 1 r bhatia c Finch b Steyn 4 JP Faulkner not out 8 exTraS: (lb 3, w 2) 5 ToTaL: (6 wickets; 19.3 overs) 135 did noT baT: KW richardson, dS Kulkarni, PV Tambe FaLL oF WicKeTS: 1-4 (nayar, 0.3 ov), 2-15 (Samson, 3.3 ov), 3-31 (Watson, 6.2 ov), 4-108 (rahane, 15.6 ov), 5-111 (Hodge, 17.4 ov), 6-121 (bhatia, 18.3 ov) boWLinG: dW Steyn 4-0-29-2, b Kumar 3.3-0-21-1, i Sharma 4-0-29-1, dJG Sammy 2-0-19-0, a Mishra 4-0-26-2, KV Sharma 2-0-8-0 MaTcH deTaiLS ToSS: Jaipur T20, who chose to field PoinTS: Jaipur T20 2, Hyderabad T20 0 PLaYer oF THe MaTcH: aM rahane (Jaipur T20) UMPireS: bF bowden (new Zealand) and rK illingworth (england) TV UMPire: c Shamshuddin (india) MaTcH reFeree: aJ Pycroft (Zimbabwe) reSerVe UMPire: K Srinath (india)

around under lights. Nayar was dismissed third ball while Sanju Samson barely middled a ball in his troubled stay before chipping a catch to mid-off in the fourth over. That brought together the key pair of Watson and Ajinkya Rahane. Bhuvneshwar bowled an outstanding sixth over, beating the bat three times, twice with the ball leaving the batsman and once cutting in. Perhaps it was that pressure that helped Ishant dismiss Watson - who had a strike-rate of 227.77 against him - for the first time in the IPL, leaving Rajasthan at 31 for 3. Rahane played and missed, had plenty of inside edges and outside edges, was dropped early at first slip, was struck on the helmet by Ishant, but he stuck it out through the difficult phase and kept Rajasthan in the game with a half-century. Even that landmark came through an outside edge to the third-man boundary. Stuart Binny, the only other Rajasthan batsman to reach double figures, took on the weak link, Darren Sammy, early on but with the asking-rate never too high, he made sure he tucked the ball around to keep the score moving - he had only one dot ball in the final 14 he faced. He found the googlies from the legspinners, Amit Mishra and Karn Sharma, hard to read but his combative 77-run stand with Rahane kept the game tight. Rahane finally fell in the 16th over, and Rajasthan's finisher Brad Hodge flailed against spin before perishing for an eightball 1. Mishra got both those big scalps, and Hyderabad were sensing a win. Steyn removed Rajat Bhatia, but with eight needed in the final over, Faulkner finished off the game with three deliveries to spare.

Published by Arif Nizami at Plot # 7, Al-Baber Centre, F/8 Markaz, Islamabad.


E paper 19th april (isb)  
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