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Thursday, 16 January, 2014 Rabi-ul-Awwal 14, 1435 Rs 17.00 Vol IV No 199 16 Pages Islamabad Edition

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Ashraf as PCB chairman

KP seeks delay in LG polls until March end

Chaudhry not less than former PMs, IHC tells govt

Religious conflict up in most of the world: study

Pakistan and India rank 97th in food index

The Islamabad High Court (IHC) restored Zaka Ashraf as the Pakistan Cricket Board’s (PCB) chairman on Wednesday. The decision to reinstate Ashraf was taken by a two-member division bench comprising Justice Noorul Haq N Qureshi and Justice Riaz Ahmed Khan. The court accepted the intra-court appeal against the decision by a singlemember bench of IHC comprising Justice Shaukat Aziz Siddiqui... PAGE 15

The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government on Wednesday requested the Election Commission of Pakistan to delay the local bodies’ polls in the province. The elections were scheduled to be held on February 28 but the provincial government has now requested for delay until the last week of March. Recently, the Supreme Court had allowed the ECP to issue a new schedule for elections in Sindh and Punjab... PAGE 04

Islamabad High Court (IHC) Justice Shaukat Siddiqui on Wednesday directed the government to immediately provide a new bulletproof car to former chief justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry and give him security equal to former prime ministers. The court was told that a 2005 model bullet-proof vehicle has been given to former chief justice for three months. The notification, submitted by Ministry of Interior to the IHC... PAGE 02

Except for the Americas, religious conflict within countries rose around the world in 2012 to the highest level in six years, according to a study out Tuesday. One third of 198 countries reviewed saw high or very high levels of internal religious strife, such as sectarian violence, terrorism or bullying in 2012, compared to 29 per cent in 2011 and 20 percent in 2010... PAGE 03

According to a new ranking released by Oxfam, Pakistan ranked 97th in a list of 125 countries with regard to availability, quality and affordability of food and dietary health. The listing means Pakistan is one of the countries with the most unhealthy and scarce food. Oxfam is an international relief and development organization that looks for practical and innovative ways to raise people out of poverty and blossom... PAGE 04

NOT OUT! IHC reinstates Zaka


02 NEWS

Thursday, 16 January, 2014

18 girls, 3 others killed in nawabshah road tragedy NAWABSHAH

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STAFF REPORT

S many as 21 persons, including 18 girl students, were killed and several others sustained serious injuries in a collision between a school van and truck on Wednesday. Police said that the accident took place at Qazi Ahmed link-Road where a truck rammed into a school van of female students and teachers who were returning to Doulatpur after participating in a competition in Nawabshah. As a result, the van was completely destroyed resulting in immediate deaths of eight people including students and children on the spot and leaving several others critically injured. The truck driver responsible for the accident managed to escape the scene. The injured persons were shifted to Nawabshah People’s Medical College for medical treatment where several injured succumbed to their wounds raising the death toll to 21. Hospital sources said that condition of the injured people was also serious and it was feared that the death toll could rise further. Rescue and hospital sources said that the deceased students were aged between 10 to 16 years. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, President Mamnoon Hussain, MQM chief Altaf Hussain, PTI Chairman Imran Khan, PML-Q President Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain, PPP leadership and others have expressed grief over the incident and condoled with the bereaved families. A case has been registered and the police has initiated search for the truck driver.

NAWABSHAH: The ill-fated school van atop the truck it collided with on Wednesday. INP

Devil’s Advocate says he’s just doing his job

ISLAMABAD AGENCIES

For more than half a century, lawyer Sharifuddin Pirzada has provided the legal cover for the country’s succession of military rulers — but don’t accuse him of supporting dictators. He was secretary to Pakistan’s founding father Muhammad Ali Jinnah in the 1940s, has been attorney general and foreign minister, and authored orders that gave legal weight to two coups d’etat. Now aged 90, the dapper figure who is reviled by many pro-democracy activists finds himself in the limelight once again as the head of Pervez Musharraf’s defence team, a role that could be his swansong. Musharraf, the most recent of Pakistan’s four military rulers, who was in power from 1999 to 2008, is facing treason charges relating to his imposition of a state of emergency in 2007. Pirzada himself wrote the legal order for Musharraf’s emergency rule, updating a similar one he prepared for General Zia-ul-Haq after his

1977 coup. He rarely grants interviews, but spoke to a foreign news agency after a hearing in Musharraf’s treason case. He scoffed at the idea that he is the lawyer of choice for autocrats. “Certainly not,” said the advocate. “I’m a professional lawyer and appear in cases and do my best.” He points to his key role in a 1972 Supreme Court verdict that declared Yahya Khan, Pakistan’s second military ruler, a “usurper”. This came despite the fact that Pirzada had been attorney general for both Yahya and his predecessor Ayub Khan, Pakistan’s first military ruler, whom he also served as foreign minister. Later, he wrote oaths for judges sworn in by Zia and Musharraf that omitted the commitment to protect the constitution, and drew up documents based on the so-called “doctrine of necessity” to legalise both rulers’ coups. Regimes led to progress He draws a clear distinction between political support and the exercise of legal expertise, and beams with professional pride when talking about the Supreme Court judgement that validated Zia’s rule. “That was a very nice judgement and has been appreciated elsewhere,” he said, adding: “Not that I supported (Zia) or anything like that. I supported the legal position.” Zia went on to hang the man he ousted, former prime minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, and began Islamist reforms that some analysts say contributed to the violent religious extremism the country faces today. On Musharraf, Pirzada is reluctant to get into the details of the ongoing case, but insists his client is an “excellent man” and defends the record of the four generals who seized power. “They are called dictators but these were administrators. The progress the country made was through some of these regimes. Some of the politicians were equally good — (Zulfiqar Ali) Bhutto was good — but both sides counted mistakes,” he said.

Manipulating the judiciary Pirzada began his legal career in the Bombay High Court before moving to the newly created Pakistan. Now advanced in years and slightly built, he no longer cuts the same figure in the courtroom but maintains a godfatherly background role, murmuring guidance to junior lawyers. Always turned out in an immaculate black suit, he usually sports the “Jinnah cap” favoured by the country’s founder but now out of fashion, as he surveys proceedings with an even gaze. Observers such as Ayaz Amir, a leading newspaper columnist, see his handiwork in the “broad outlines” of the Musharraf case. Asma Jahangir, a top human rights lawyer and leading light among Pakistani liberals, decries the anti-democratic causes to which Pirzada has lent his support. “He’s a very skilful lawyer and we have no better authority on constitutional law. People could have been very good architects but built something for Hitler,” she said. Amir says the fact that Pirzada has achieved such sustained success “has not been so much in propounding brilliant or outstanding legal theories as in his knowledge of manipulating the judiciary”. Today, Pakistan’s judiciary is seen as less pliant than in the past, energised by the successful lawyers’ protest movement that reinstated judges sacked by Musharraf. The country achieved its first ever democratic transfer of power at last year’s general election, and another military coup is seen as a distant prospect these days. But in a country ruled for more than half its life by the armed forces, the threat remains, however remote — and in such a scenario the wily Pirzada could be called upon once again. He certainly sees no reason to step down just yet. “There are QCs (senior lawyers) and attorney generals who work till 98. I keep a normal life and am very in control of my timings,” he said.

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Chaudhry not less than former Pms, IhC tells govt COURT ORDERS GOVT TO PROVIDE BULLET-PROOF CAR, SECURITY TO FORMER CJP AT PAR WITH FORMER PRIME MINISTERS ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

Islamabad High Court (IHC) Justice Shaukat Siddiqui on Wednesday directed the government to immediately provide a new bulletproof car to former chief justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry and give him security equal to former prime ministers. The court was told that a 2005 model bullet-proof vehicle has been given to former chief justice for three months. The notification, submitted by Ministry of Interior to the IHC, stated that the retired CJP will himself bear the maintenance cost of the vehicle, which has been provided for official use only. Expressing displeasure over the notification, Justice Siddiqui sought an explanation of the term “official use”, since Chaudhry does not hold any government office. The IHC Justice Shaukat also ordered the Interior Ministry to submit details of security provided to all VIPs. “The ministry should take the matter seriously as the former CJP faces serious life threats,” he directed. In an earlier hearing on January 4, Siddiqui had said that adequate security should be put in place at Chaudhry’s residence. He had added that the bulletproof vehicle provided previously was ‘out-of-order’. “Bulletproof vehicles from other government functionaries will also be taken back if the former CJP is not provided with a bulletproof car,” Justice Siddiqui had warned. He had further observed that the government seemed vindictive towards the former CJP by not providing him enough security.

fIre breaks out at afIC ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

A fire broke out early Wednesday at the hospital where former military ruler Pervez Musharraf was admitted for a heart condition. “There was a small fire incident at the hospital, but it was extinguished immediately,” a source at Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology in Rawalpindi said. Another source confirmed the fire incident was “of a minor nature”. Officials said the cause was being investigated and may have been started by an electrical short circuit. Musharraf ’s lawyer Ahmad Raza Kasuri said that the former president was not affected. “He is safe as the fire incident happened on another floor,” Kasuri said.


Thursday, 16 January, 2014

extremists not our enemies, they have just lost direction! PM APPROVES BRIGADELEVEL CANTONMENT IN SWAT, SAYS DERADICALISATION CENTRES COULD BE REPLICATED IN OTHER PARTS OF THE COUNTRY SAYS YOUTH LOANS TO BE GRANTED ON MERIT, NOT PARTY AFFILIATION SWAT

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RIME Minister Nawaz Sharif on Wednesday said extremist elements in the country are not enemies of Pakistan, “they have just lost their direction”. Speaking during a visit to the deradicalisation center at Sabawoon in Mingora, Swat, Nawaz said that the government was striving to free Pakistan from extremism and that he was aware of the unemployment and economic deprivation in different parts of the country. He said these problems were being addressed through striving toward a more uniform distribution of national resources in these parts of the country Nawaz hoped that the de-radicalisation initiative could be replicated in

MALAKAND: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif addresses a gathering at Wadudia Hall, Mingora, at the launch ceremony of PM Youth Programme in Malakand division on Wednesday. INP

other parts of the country. “I wish that this programme is extended to other parts of the country as well, where the youth has adopted such path and needs attention. They should be made healthy members of the society through constructive engagement.” “They are not enemies of Pakistan but have lost their direction,” he added. He lauded the role of Pakistan Army in the rebuilding of the town’s infrastructure and approved the construction of a cantonment in the city. Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR) Director General Asim Bajwa tweeted that the prime minister had “acknowledged the army’s efforts in bringing peace” and “approved a brigade-sized cantt for Swat”. The de-radicalisation centre is rehabilitating the youth of the affected areas of Swat. According to Major

four mIlItants slaIn In khuzdar raId QUETTA: At least four militants were killed on Wednesday in an operation conducted by security personnel in Khuzdar district of Balochistan. According to a media report, a levies official said that a joint operation was conducted by levies personnel and Frontier Corps (FC) in the Zaidi area of Khuzdar, where four militants were killed and six were arrested A hostage was also recovered, along with a huge quantity of arms and ammunition from the militants’ possession. The detained militants have been shifted to an undisclosed location for interrogation. STAFF REPORT

to hang or not... FEDERAL GOVT SEEKS ADVICE FROM PROVINCES ON CARRYING OUT EXECUTIONS OF DEATH ROW CONVICTS KARACHI: With temporarily staying hangings, the federal government has sent letters to the provinces to suggest a solution. Around 8,000 convicts on death row are languishing in jails of the country as the government enforced a temporary stay against executions in August last year. Details said, after a long lull, the federal government has sought “legal” opinion from the provinces about the abolition of capital punishment. “The Sindh provincial government has also received a letter wherein it has been urged to assist the centre on the delicate issue by providing legal opinion,” said an official. The renewal of the stay on executions through a presidential moratorium sparked debate about whether the country - plagued by militancy, criminal and sectarian - should uphold the death penalty and carry out executions. The stay was granted reportedly because the Taliban terrorists threatened to target the new government if it would send their men to the gallows. Since 2008, none of the jailers across Pakistan had to shed a red handkerchief, because then president Asif Zardari had granted a stay on executions in exercise of his power under Article 45 of the constitution. ONLINE

General Bajwa, over 2, 200 youth have been reintegrated into the society till now. Nawaz commended the armed forces for restoring peace in the area and completing the reconstruction of schools, hospitals, roads and bridges in collaboration with the civic administration and the people. He said their services would be remembered for long.Youth Business Loan Scheme The prime minister also addressed applicants of the Youth Business Loan Scheme at Swat. He said he supported a population-based division of resources for an equitable distribution. He said the people of Swat, Malakand and adjoining areas have suffered a lot during the past few years and unfortunately couldn’t get ample opportunities for development. “The people of Swat are most de-

serving for this scheme”, he said. The prime minister further said that there are no political considerations of this scheme. “I am the prime minister of Pakistan and it is my responsibility to serve people of all provinces without any differentiation,” said Nawaz. He added that the award of loan is purely based on merit and nepotism or favouritism will not be afforded at any cost. “Banks never entertained our youth who wanted to stand on their feet, and only catered for the powerful elite. Through this scheme we have opened the previously closed bank doors for our youth, which is a first example of its kind,” he said. He advised the applicants to utilise this opportunity not only for their own benefit but also for the collective benefit of the Pakistani nation.

Religious conflict up in most of the world: study WASHINGTON AGENCIES

Except for the Americas, religious conflict within countries rose around the world in 2012 to the highest level in six years, according to a study out Tuesday. One third of 198 countries reviewed saw high or very high levels of internal religious strife, such as sectarian violence, terrorism or bullying in 2012, compared to 29 per cent in 2011 and 20 percent in 2010. The biggest rise came in the Middle East and North Africa, two regions that are still feeling the effects of the Arab Spring of 2010-2011, said the Pew Research Center. As an example, it cites an increase in attacks on Coptic churches and Christian-owned businesses in Egypt. It said China has also witnessed a big rise in religious conflict. The number of countries whose governments have imposed restrictions, such as bans on practicing a religion or converting from one to another, has remained more or less the same, however.

Three out of ten countries have high or very high levels of restrictions, the study said. Among the 25 most heavily populated countries, Egypt, Indonesia, Russia, Pakistan and Myanmar suffered the most religious conflict. Christians and Muslims, who make up more than half of the world’s population, have been stigmatized in the largest number of countries. Muslims and Jews have suffered the greatest level of hostility in six years, the report said. Harassment against women and religious connotations of the way they dress has also risen in nearly a third of countries to 32 per cent, compared to 25 per cent in 2011 and seven per cent in 2007. Religious violence declined in the Ivory Coast, Serbia, Ethiopia, Cyprus and Romania. The 198 countries studied account for more than 99.5 per cent of the world’s population, said the Pew center. It did not include North Korea, whose government “is among the most repressive in the world, including toward religion.”

NEWS

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nIsar Is extremIsts’ mouthPIeCe, says anP’s mIan IftIkhar

PESHAWAR INP

Awami National Party (ANP) leader Mian Iftikhar Hussain on Wednesday came hard on Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan and declared him spokesman of the extremists. Addressing a condolence reference of Mian Mushataq at Bacha Khan Markaz on Wednesday, Mian Iftikhar Hussain said that the Interior Minister raised hue and cry over the death of Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) chief, Hakimullah Mehsud but did not issue a single line statement in favour of young Hangu school student Aitzaz Hassan who sacrificed his life by embracing the suicide bomber and saved hundreds of his fellows. He blamed that sitting government is supporting the militants. “Our people and leaders are being martyred by the terrorists but the government turned deaf ears towards the issue and was busy in preparation for local bodies’ election,” he regretted. Senator Haji Adeel said the KP government was coward while the federal government does not have courage to deal with the situation. He said Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif used all his energies to reward his relatives and favourite people, adding that Nawaz has kept law and foreign ministries in his hand.

two amn CommIttee volunteers kIlled In khyber exPlosIon PESHAWAR STAFF REPORT

A roadside remote-controlled bomb blast in Khyber on Wednesday killed two volunteers of the Amn Committee. Unknown militants installed a remotecontrolled bomb at a roadside in Khyber’s Zakakhel area near a barricaded post of Amn Committee. The bomb went off with a loud explosion. Subsequently, two Amn Committee volunteers were killed. Following the explosion, security personnel cordoned off the area and a probe into the incident went underway. Earlier last week, nine people, including three children, were killed and several others wounded when a blast rocked the house of a tribal elder in the region. THREE FC PERSONNEL INJURED: A landmine struck a security forces’ vehicle Wednesday, leaving three Frontier Corps (FC) personnel severely injured. According to sources, a convoy of FC personnel was travelling from Central Kurram to Tull region when it struck a landmine in the Tora Wari area. Subsequently, three FC personnel sustained injuries. The injured persons were shifted to Combined Military Hospital. Following the explosion, security personnel cordoned off the area and a search operation went underway. Sources said 10 suspects were detained.

Quran ‘forbids’ violence to spread Islam: 9/11 mastermind WASHINGTON AGENCIES

The self-proclaimed mastermind of the September 11 attacks, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, has released a manifesto claiming that the Quran forbids the use of violence to spread Islam. The document, published Tuesday by The Huffington Post and Britain’s Channel 4 News, marks Mohammed’s first public communication since 2009, when the US government officially accused him of terrorism. Mohammed, the most high-profile of the five men accused over the 2001 attacks that killed nearly 3,000 people on US soil, has been held at the US detention facility in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba since 2006. In a major departure from his previous position, Mohammed said that “the Holy Quran forbids us to use force as a means of converting!” He also tried in the 36-page document to convince

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his American captors, prosecutors, lawyers and members of his military tribunal to convert to Islam. “It is my religious duty in dealing with any nonMuslims such as the people in the court (the judge, the prosecution, attorneys, etc.) to invite them to embrace Islam,” Mohammed wrote. “I realize very well that you have heard about Islam and know much about it. But it is my own belief that Allah will ask me on the Day of Judgment why I did not invite these people to Islam?” Mohammed said he was “very happy” in his cell, adding: “My spirit is free even while my body is being held captive.” Mohammed said he has been “neither sad nor distressed” in his confinement “because I have been with the Only One True God.” The document was declassified last month by military judge James Pohl. Defense lawyers did not immediately respond to requests for comment.


04 NEWS

Thursday, 16 January, 2014

KP seeks delay in LG polls until March end PESHAWAR/ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government on Wednesday requested the Election Commission of Pakistan to delay the local bodies’ polls in the province. The elections were scheduled to be held on February 28 but the provincial government has now requested for delay until the last week of March. Recently, the Supreme Court had allowed the ECP to issue a new schedule for elections in Sindh and Punjab. The Local Bodies Bill was passed in the K-P assembly on October 31, 2013. It was decided that the polls for upper bodies will be held on party-basis while elections in lower councils will be on nonparty basis. UNFREEZING OF VOTERS LIST: Separately, the ECP has announced unfreezing of voters lists in Sindh and Punjab. After this decision voter’s registration will start again. The ECP also lifted ban on transfer and postings which were announced with election schedule in Sindh and Punjab. The Supreme Court on Monday accepted the ECP appeal in which it showed inability to conduct LB polls within scheduled time after

KP CM SPLITS KOHISTAN INTO TWO DISTRICTS PESHAWAR: With bifurcation of Kohistan into two districts by Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Chief Minister Pervez Khattak on Wednesday, the number of KP districts has risen to 26. In the wake of a prolonged demand of the people, the most backward and remote Kohistan District was divided into upper and lower districts. Both Palas and Pattan became new tehsils of Lower Kohistan whereas Dassu and Kangeyan became tehsils of Upper Kohistan. Khattak announced this while addressing a jirga of elders from Lower Kohistan at the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa House. The jirga was headed by CM’s Adviser Abdul Haq. “We are jubilant over this decision of the chief minister and are will be thankful to leaders of the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf forever,” Abdul Haq remarked while addressing a press conference. With the bifurcation, almost all long-standing demands could be addressed, he said. He also said both the districts could be developed. To a question, Abdul Haq said, “We do support demand for Hazara province but we propose division of Punjab into six and Sindh into three provinces.” He said that new provinces should be established on administrative grounds. The previous Awami National Party government had approved establishment of Tanol district, comprising of Tanoli tribe dominated areas of Mansehra, Abbottabad and Haripur districts. But the previous government had failed in implementation of the decision. The former provincial government had also proposed establishing a new Abaseen Division comprising of Shangla, Kohistan, Batagram and Pashtun dominated areas of Mansehra. The purpose behind this proposal was to weaken those who were demanding Hazara as a separate province. STAFF REPORT the provincial high court decisions on delimitations. The earlier decisions to

hold elections with new delimitations and previous one have also been cancelled.

52 killed in Iraq bombings BAGHDAD AGENCIES

At least 52 people were killed on Wednesday in bomb attacks in Iraqi capital Baghdad and a village near the northern town of Baquba police and hospital sources said. In the most fatal incident, a bomb blew up in a funeral tent where mourners were marking the death of a Sunni Muslim pro-government militiaman who died

ENFORCED DISAPPEARANCE OF ANY ONE IS BLATANT HR VIOLATION: JUSTICE SAQIB ISLAMABAD: Justice Saqib Nisar has said that enforced disappearance of any person is a gross violation of human rights. He gave these remarks during the hearing of Balochistan violence case by a three-member bench of Supreme Court (SC) led by Justice Nasirul Mulk Wednesday. He further remarked that the human life is the most precious of all things. “We want resolution of missing persons case in consonance with the law. Law and order can only be maintained by upholding law,” he said. Shahid Hamid, counsel for Balochistan government, requested the court to shift cases of 23 missing persons to Balochistan High Court (BHC). The FC is facing alleged charges in 19 cases also against Military Intelligence (MI) in 8 missing persons cases. Original record is not available in 23 cases. STAFF REPORT

two days ago, police said. It killed 18 people and wounded 16 in Shatub, a village south of Baquba. Two years after US troops left Iraq, violence has climbed back to its highest levels since the Sunni-Shia bloodshed of 2006-2007, when tens of thousands of people were killed. Al Qaeda-linked militants are pursuing a campaign of attacks, mostly directed at state targets, Shia civilians and Sunnis seen as

loyal to the Shia-led government. Half a dozen car bombs exploded across the Iraqi capital on Wednesday, mostly in Shia districts, killing 34 people and wounding 71, police and medics said. The violence occurred amid a continuing standoff between the Iraqi army and Sunni militants who overran the city of Falluja west of Baghdad more than two weeks ago in a challenge to Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki’s government.

DANISH TOURIST GANG RAPED IN DELHI DELHI: A Danish woman was allegedly gang raped in Indian capital of New Delhi on Tuesday, various media reported. The 51-year-old tourist was attacked by a group of men in the Paharganj area and was robbed and raped at knife point, according to police sources. The Danish woman told police that she lost her way back to her hotel near New Delhi Railway Station. She approached a group of men to ask for directions. The men robbed her of her belongings and raped her, police spokesperson Rajan Bhagat told the media. “She reached her hotel and reported the incident to the manager who called in the police and the investigation is now under way,” Mr Bhagat said. No arrests have been made yet. The woman flew out of India on Wednesday morning, reports say. Sexual violence in India has grown since the 2012 gang rape and murder of a student on a Delhi bus. NEWS DESK

Pakistan and India rank 97th in food index NEW YORK AGENCIES

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CCORDI N G to a new ranking released by Oxfam, Pakistan ranked 97th in a list of 125 countries with regard to availability, quality and affordability of food and dietary health. The listing means Pakistan is one of the countries with the most unhealthy and scarce food. Oxfam is an international relief and development organization that looks for practical and innovative ways to raise people out of poverty and blossom. The index looked at the percentage of underweight children, food diversity and access to clean water, as well as negative health outcomes such as obesity and diabetes. India got the same rank as Pakistan. African nations,

GOVT NOT SERIOUS IN TALIBAN TALKS: SAMIUL HAQ ISLAMABAD ONLINE

Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (JUIS) chief Maulana Samiul Haq has alleged that the government is not providing any help regarding talks with the Taliban. While talking to a private TV channel, the JUI-S chief said, “Although the government gave a green signal to me for holding talks with the Taliban, it is not supporting me on this issue and I will unveil the reality on this matter in the next few days.” Samiul Haq stated that the government seems non-serious on negotiations with the TTP and that he can do nothing if the government takes no interest in the matter. He said that negotiations are conducted on bilateral movement of both parties, while the government is still confused on the issue. “The government has also used force to solve this issue, while use of force is not the solution of any problem,” he added.

along with Laos (112), Bangladesh (102), were predominant in the bottom 30 countries. Chad came in last on the list, behind Ethiopia and Angola, in the food index. Burundi (119), Yemen (121), Madagascar (122) and India have the worst rates of nutrition and the most underweight children, according to Oxfam. The Netherlands nudged past France and Switzerland as the country with the most nutritious, plentiful and healthy food, while the United States and Japan failed to make it into the top 20. “The Netherlands have created a good market that enables people to get enough to eat. Prices are relatively low and stable and the type of food people are eating is balanced,” Deborah Hardoon, a senior researcher at Oxfam who compiled the results, said in an interview. “They’ve got the fundamentals right and in a way

that is better than most other countries all over the world.” European countries dominated the top of the ranking but Australia squeezed into the top 12, tying with Ireland, Italy, Portugal and Luxembourg at No. 8. The United Kingdom failed to make the top 10, tying for the 13th spot, because of the volatility of its food prices compared to other goods, which Oxfam said is on a level with Peru (51), Malta (33) and Kyrgyzstan (65). Although the United States has the most affordable and good quality food, high levels of obesity and diabetes pushed the nation into 21st place in the ranking, tying with Japan, which scored poorly on the relative price of food compared to other goods. The Netherlands got top marks for its low food prices and diabetes levels, while Chad had the worst score for the cost of food in the country

and the number of underweight children – 34 percent. The only countries where food is more expensive are Guinea and the Gambia, which were both at the lower end of the ranking. People going hungry Oxfam said the latest figures show 840 million people go hungry every day, despite there being enough food for the hungry. It called for changes in the way food is produced and distributed around the world. The causes of hunger, it added, include a lack of investment in infrastructure in developing nations and in small-scale agriculture, security, prohibitive trading agreements, biofuel targets that divert crops from food to fuel and the impact of climate change. Research suggests that climate change could raise the number of people at risk of hunger by 20 to 50 percent by 2050, according to the group.

KP violence: Two policemen killed, 4 dead bodies found PESHAWAR STAFF REPORT

Two separate explosions occurred in different parts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) province on Tuesday leaving one policeman dead and three others injured while four dead bodies were recovered in Nowshera. According to police sources, security personnel had cordoned off the entire area of Peshawar Regi Model Town when an explosion took place. Subsequently, one po-

liceman was killed whereas another sustained injuries. Giving details, the SSP operations said a landmine exploded near a police picket in Regi Town injuring two police officials. They were rushed to Hayat Medical Complex where one policeman succumbed to his injuries. Police cordoned-off the area and started search operation while two bombs weighing five kilogrammes each were also recovered near the picket and were defused. Separately, a bomb explo-

sion took place near a police van, injuring two cops near the Kolachi Tehsil area of Dera Ismail Khan. Four bodies of unidentified people were recovered from Aman Garh area near Kabul River in Nowshera. Police sources confirmed that the four people were shot dead and their bodies were shifted to a nearby hospital for identification. In a separate incident in Swabi, an intelligence official Amjad was shot dead at a busstand where he was on duty.

Govt distances itself from talks of ‘pressure’ over NADRA chairman’s resignation ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

The government on Tuesday distanced itself from the resignation of National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA) chairman Tariq Malik, rejecting the notion that he may have been coerced. A spokesperson for the Interior Ministry said that it was

the responsibility of the government to ensure transparency and vigilance in state-run institutions. He added that the NADRA board had been reconstituted with capable people and that a new chairman would be appointed as per law at an appropriate time. On January 10, the NADRA chairman had tendered his resignation, with the appeal that it should be accepted immediately.

Delhi’s Aam Aadmi’s government shuts doors on Tesco, Walmart NEW DELHI AGENCIES

Delhi’s new state government and India’s fastest growing political group, the Aam Aadmi Party, has halted plans to allow Western supermarket chains like Tesco and Walmart to open in the capital. The Indian capital had been expected to be a showcase for the Congress-led government’s bitterly con-

tested plans to encourage foreign supermarket chains and other high street retailers to revolutionise the way Indians buy food. More than 40 per cent of India’s fresh food produce rots on in trucks on slow roads or in overheated warehouses and the government had hoped Western supermarkets would help reduce the waste and the price inflation it causes by allowing foreign

chains to invest in modern storage and transport. India’s government lifted restrictions on foreign retailers investing in the country in December 2012, but the move was fiercely opposed by small shopkeepers who feared they would lose business and the country’s main opposition parties. One of the government’s key coalition partners resigned over the issue and threatened the government’s survival.

Ministers had hoped the supermarkets would open before the general election, expected in April or May, so voters could glimpse the future on offer and the capital’s Congress state government had been one of the policy’s largest supporters. It was beaten into third place in last month’s state assembly election and replaced earlier this month by a new government led by the Aam Aadmi Party,

whose leader Arvind Kejriwal had promised to stop foreign supermarkets opening stores in Delhi. The party has recruited 1.2 million new members throughout India in the last four days. Kejriwal has indicated he is not opposed in principle but said he fears it could lead to short term job are losses. “We are not against Foreign Direct Investment per se. It was part of our commitment in the

manifesto…there is huge unemployment in Delhi and the AAP government does not wish to increase this. Delhi is not prepared for FDI,” he said. The reversal comes weeks after Tesco was given approval to invest in a 50 per cent stake in Trent, one of India’s largest supermarket chains, which is owned by Tata, India’s largest firm which also owns Jaguar Land Rover in Britain.


Thursday, 16 January, 2014

NEWS

Corruption tainted former Kp iG aGrees to return rs 80m PESHAWAR STAFF REPORT

A plea bargain of Rs 80 million has been agreed upon by the former Inspector General of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa police Malik Naveed to be paid to the National Accountability Bureau (NAB) in the weapons scam case for which Naveed has been under NAB custody for 55 days. Naveed was arrested by NAB on November 20 on charges of Rs 1.8 billion fraud in procurement of arms, ammunition and vehicles for the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa police department. On his five-day remand expiration, Naveed was presented before accountability court Judge Wilayat Ali Shah Gandapur on Wednesday, where the prosecutor pleaded for a 14-day extension in his physical remand for further investigations. Naveed’s counsels Latif Afridi and Barrister Zahoorul Haq informed the court that he has volunteered to pay Rs 80 million as a plea bargain, adding that he should be given under a judicial remand due to his health issues. Moreover, the counsel of the accused also moved the application for the return of the money in the last hearing. The NAB prosecutor Lajbar Khan told the court Naveed’s remand under NAB may be extended to additional 14 days, as NAB had yet to form a central executive committee under the NAB chairman to handle the plea bargain deal. It was revealed earlier in NAB enquiry that a number of KP police officers and officials were allegedly involved in corruption and irregularities in the 2008-09 procurement of weapons for KP police department by violating government rules and thus causing huge loss to the exchequer. KP’s Police budget officer Javed Khan and the supplier Arshad Majeed have also been under the custody of NAB. Majeed had turned approver in the case and had told the court about the alleged bribes received by various government functionaries in the case. Last week, NAB officials made new arrests of Niaz Ali Shah and Raza Ali Khan in relation to the case. Shah has been a close aide of former Khyber Pakhtunkhwa chief minister Amir Haider Khan Hoti while Khan is a relative of the former CM.

saudis exeCute two paKistanis for druG traffiCKinG RIYADH ONLINE

Two Pakistanis were beheaded by Saudi authorities on Tuesday for drug smuggling in the kingdom’s first executions of the year, according to statements by the Interior Ministry. In the Red city of Jeddah, Abrar Hussein Nizar Hussein was executed after being convicted of an attempt for smuggling in heroin hidden in his stomach, the ministry said in a statement quoted by SPA state news agency. In another statement, it was said that Zahid Khan Barakat was beheaded in Qatif, in Eastern Province, over a similar charge. According to a foreign news agency’s record, 78 people were executed in Saudi Arabia where rape, murder, apostasy, armed robbery and drug trafficking are all punishable by death under strict Shariah laws.

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musharraf files intra-court appeal against rejection of petitions KASURI SAYS DOCTORS HAVE NOT YET DECLARED FORMER STRONGMAN TO HAVE COMPLETELY RECOVERED FROM HIS ILLNESS RAWALPINDI

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UST a day before Gen (r) Pervez Musharraf is due to appear before a special court in the high treason case against him, the former strongman’s lawyers have filed an intra-court appeal in the Islamabad High Court (IHC) against constitution of the special court and appointment of judges and prosecutor. The appeal was filed by Chaudhry Faisal, counsel for Pervez Musharraf. A two-member bench of IHC comprising Justice Shaukat Aziz Siddiqui and Justice Noor ul Haq Qureshi will hear the appeal on Thursday (today). A single bench had earlier dismissed the three petitions on December 23, 2013. The plea was taken in these petitions that Musharraf was army chief when he had imposed emergency in 2007. Therefore, Musharraf be tried in military court rather than SC in high treason case. In the second petition, the plea was taken that three-member bench of SC will not give impartial decision against Musharraf as these three judges were affected judges in judges reinstatement movement Ground was taken in the third petition that Prime Minister (PM) Nawaz Sharif and prosecutor Akram Sheikh had personal relations with each other and the prosecutor general had met the PM on several occasions and he had participated in many programs against Pervez Musharraf in media. A single bench of IHC, comprising Justice Shaukat Aziz Siddiqui, had rejected all these three petitions on December 23.

ISLAMABAD: Supporters of All Pakistan Muslim League and Muttahida Qaumi Movement hold a demonstration on Wednesday in favour of former military ruler Gen (r) Pervez Muhsrraf who is facing a high treason case. ONLINE

MUSHARRAF MENTALLY STRESSED: Separately, medical tests of former president Pervez Musharraf were carried out Wednesday as doctors said the ex-military ruler is still under mental stress. Musharraf’s counsel Ahmed Raza Kasuri told a news channel that the doctors have not yet declared Pervez Musharraf to have completely recovered from his illness. He said that Musharraf could not take mental pressure for his current state of health and added that the doctors were likely to inform about him by this evening. Justifying the 70-year-old’s absence from all hearings of the case so far on medical grounds, Kasuri said, “At present, he (Musharraf) is not a normal person and I can-

not say exactly if he will appear before the court because he is sick and under observation. Kasuri said Musharraf’s exemption from appearance in the court would be sought verbally. He further said the former president was facing security threats as well. In the light of the test results, a team of doctors will decide whether or not his client could be allowed to leave the hospital and appear in the court for high treason case hearing tomorrow, he said. “We are not afraid of the courts, he will appear in the court after his complete recovery,” the senior lawyer said. Doctors said Musharraf is improving, he is quite well, but still under mental stress.

Meanwhile, Lt Gen (r) Javaid Ashraf Qazi, who has also served as the education minister during Musharraf’s era, arrived in the hospital, however, he left without meeting the former president. Musharraf was admitted to the Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology (AFIC) earlier this month over complaints of chest pain while being driven to the court where his high treason trial was due to begin. After examining his medical report, the trial court summoned him on Jan 16 for a possible indictment. The court has also dismissed his application seeking suspension of his summons. Speculation are rife that Musharraf will soon leave Pakistan for his medical treatment.

Nawaz gets ‘general headache’ no Civil servant WASHINGTON ONLINE

Former military ruler Pervez Musharraf’s presence in Pakistan has become a headache for the Nawaz Sharif’s government, a US newspaper reported. According to a report by Los Angeles Times, Musharraf’s days in Pakistan appear to be numbered now given that the former strongman has spent nearly a week in a military hospital complaining of health problems while avoiding a court appearance on treason charges. Musharraf’s wife, who lives in Dubai, has asked the Interior Ministry for permission for him to travel abroad for medical treatment, and officials close to the country’s security services said he could depart within days. “It is good for everybody — including Musharraf — that he would go out of the country,” said a senior security official in Islamabad, who spoke on condition of anonymity because of the

sensitivity of the case. While his possible destination remained unknown, analysts said the former president and army chief’s presence in Pakistan has become a political headache

could go worse if he keeps on going tough on Musharraf,” said Raza Rumi, a political analyst in Islamabad. Analysts said that Musharraf’s departure for medical rea-

SHARIF WANTS TO USE HIM AS A BARGAINING CHIP TO GET MORE LEVERAGE AGAINST THE MILITARY, BUT THINGS COULD GO WORSE IF HE KEEPS ON GOING TOUGH ON MUSHARRAF for the six-month-old civilian government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. By attempting for the first time to prosecute a former senior military figure, Sharif’s government has ignited tensions with an all-powerful army establishment that is loath to see a former leader humiliated in a civilian court, experts say. “Sharif wants to use him as a bargaining chip to get more leverage against the military, but things

sons increasingly seemed to be the only way to resolve the standoff between the government and the army over his fate. “Musharraf’s safety is part of the army’s core interests, while with every passing day it would become tougher for the government not to try him,” said Ayesha Siddiqa, a security and political analyst. “The political temperature would keep on rising as long as his case remained pending.”

should perform hajj at Govt expenses: paC ISLAMABAD ONLINE

The Public Accounts Committee (PAC) on Wednesday recommended that no government officer should perform Hajj at government expenses. PAC met under its chairman Khurshid Shah in the Parliament House to review audit objections for the year 1998-99 in respect of the Information Ministry. On inquiring from the committee, the Radio DG said he had performed hajj at the government expense but he had returned all amount incurred by him in this connection. The committee said no government officer should perform hajj at government expenses. Sheikh Rashid, member of the committee, said several employees were receiving salary less than Rs 4,200 in radio and the committee should be informed how many employees were getting pay less than Rs 4,200. Shah told the committee the Supreme Court (SC) had given the decision that if registrar has to be called then court’s decision would have to be challenged. Parliament cannot undo the SC verdict. No decision has been taken so far to file appeal plea in this regard.

Drone kills German security contact in Waziristan WITNESSES SAY FOUR DRONES CONTINUED TO CIRCLE AROUND WRECKAGE FOR AN HOUR AFTER ATTACK BERLIN INP

A German man has reportedly been killed in a US drone attack in Waziristan. Although a convert to Islam, he was said to be in contact with German security officials. The man, identified only as Patrick K from Offenbach in Hesse, was not only a convert to Islam, he had also been in touch with

the German authorities for years, the Süddeutsche Zeitung reported on Monday. Although he was killed in the drone attack on February 16th 2012, his death has only now come to light, the paper said. Its reporting, in partnership with the NDR broadcaster, suggested the 27-year-old had moved to the Waziristan region with his wife, thought to be a Pakistani national. A video, which the Süddeutsche said was posted on a jihadist website

by two German Islamists, reportedly shows a short shot of Patrick K smiling into the camera, and describing his life in Germany. It says he converted to Islam when he was 16, and was later won over as an informant by German security services. He also said he had close contact with an officer from the Federal Criminal Police in Hesse, and had been approached by the Office for the Protection of the Constitution, Germany’s domestic intelli-

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gence service. The Süddeutsche said Patrick K had been arrested in 2011 ahead of the Social Democrat’s Germany Festival in Bonn which marked the party’s 150th anniversary, amid fears of a potential attack. He was only held for a few hours as the gossip about a potential attack proved to be empty. Yet a few days later Patrick K is said to have travelled to Pakistan. He was allegedly intending to remain in communication with his

police contact, but then disappeared into the border region. The report says he was travelling in a pick-up truck with several Uzbek fighters in February 2012 around 35 kilometres south of Mir Ali when the vehicle was hit by a drone. Witnesses said that four drones continued to circle around the wreckage even an hour after the attack. The pick-up was completely burned out and all ten people in it were killed, Süddeutsche said.


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WEATHER UPDATES

THURSDAY

140C 050C

FRIDAY

130C 040C

SATURAY

150C 050C

SUNDAY

150C 050C

Thursday, 16 January, 2014

PrayEr TImINgs Fajr 5:44

SunrISe Zuhr 7:11

12:18

aSr 3:04

You need to have ‘papers’ for being the president

MaghrIB ISha 5:23

6:51

SC disposes off petition of presidential candidate Syed Iqtidar Hussain Shah

ISLAMABAD: Federal Minister for Religious Affairs & Interfaith Harmony Sardar Muhammad Yousaf presenting Seerat-un-Nabi books to President Mamnoon Hussain during National Seerat Conference at Aiwan-e-Sadr. INP

Want peace? Follow the Prophet (PBUH): Mamnoon ISLAMABAD INP

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RESIdEnT Mamnoon Hussain has urged the nation to truly follow the teachings of Prophet Mohammad (Peace Be Upon Him) for peace and stability in the country. Addressing the 39th national Seerat Conference, he said the Prophet (PBUH), who is a blessing for the whole universe, never preached or practiced extremism. He always gave the message of moderation and abhorred extremism. The president said the entire life of the Prophet (PBUH) is a complete code of life and beacon of guidance. The theme of this year’s conference was “Responsible Use of Official Status and Resources in the Light of Teachings of Holy Prophet”.Hussain said that Prophet

(PBUH) led a very simple life and abhorred pomp and show and use of official resources for personal purposes. He said we should avoid display of splendour in our conduct and misuse of resources as it has nothing to do with our religion. He said the present government from day one is pursuing the policy of simplicity and austerity. Addressing the conference, Minister for Religious Affairs and Interfaith Harmony Sardar Muhammad Yousaf said the Prophet (PBUH), through his teachings and character brought a revolution in the lives of people. His life and teachings give us guidance in every sphere of life. The life of last prophet is like an open book whose every page is unblemished. Touching upon the topic of the conference, the minister said those sitting at the official positions should discharge their duties in the light of teachings of Prophet Mohammad [peace be upon him] for welfare of the people and the country. He said Islam forbids use of

official resources for personal use and those doing it will be held accountable by God on the day of Judgment. Referring to the steps taken by the government for ensuring proper use of national resources, the federal minister said the government is sincerely making efforts to bring peace and prosperity to the country. He said according to a recent report of Transparency International, corruption has seen a declining trend in Pakistan since the assumption of power by the PML-n government. Sardar Muhammad Yousaf emphasized the need for unity and harmony among different sects to meet the challenges of extremism and terrorism. He said the government is pursuing dialogue with the Taliban but this should not be construed as our weakness. He said the government has also initiated the process of engagement with religious scholars of all schools of thought to ensure sectarian harmony in the country.

Blowing yourself up in Islamic state haram: SIC ISLAMABAD INP

Sunni Ittehad Council (SIC) leaders Sahibzada Hamid Raza and Professor Ibrahim have declared suicide attacks on Pakistani soil to be haram (un-Islamic). Talking to a private TV channel, SIC head Sahibzada Hamid Raza said that there was no legitimacy of suicide attacks according to Islamic Sharia. “Even attacks on Sikhs, Hindus and Christians in an Islamic state are haram,” he said. He lamented that political parties, which came into power, had other agendas. Any person who doesn’t accept the Constitution or Sharia is a rebel and should

be strongly dealt with by the state, he emphasised. “SIC has issued a joint edict, declaring suicide attacks as un-Islamic,” he added. JI leader Professor Ibrahim agreed with Sahibzada’s declaration that suicide bombing on security forces, police and innocent people was haram. He recalled that after 9/11 attacks, Musharraf launched a military operation in Waziristan in 2004, claimi n g that there were just f e w hundred insurgents. Later, those few hundred increased to thousands, he noted. He also lauded the courage of Shaheed Aitzaz Hassan and his father Mujahid Ali. The JI leader regretted that not a single case of terrorism met its logical end in Pakistan.

RAWALPINDI: Models at display in connection with Eid Miladun Nabi. INP

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ISLAMABAD: Supreme Court (SC) has again disposed off the petition filed by the candidate of presidential elections 2013 on incompletion of nomination papers. A three-member bench of SC headed by Justice Jawad S Khawaja took the plea of Syed Iqtidar Hussain Shah who was the presidential candidate against President Mamnoon Hussain in 2013 presidential polls. The court said in its decision that petitioner failed in explaining that how his nomination papers were according to law and he should firstly find ‘proposer’ and ‘seconder’ of his nomination papers. The petitioner nominating former chief election commissioner (CEC) Fakhurdin G Ibrahim as a party in case had filed a petition in SC that his nomination papers were according to law but were rejected. SC in its decision directed petitioner to not waste court’s time and declared him ineligible from participating in polls. ONLINE

GSP Plus status to reap sweeter fruits for PakistanGermany trade

RAWALPINDI: Germany is the largest trade partner of Pakistan among European Union and trade volume between the two countries is 2.89 billion dollars and Pakistan, after getting the GSP Plus status, plans to enhance the economic ties, German Ambassador to Pakistan Dr Cyrill Nunn said during his visit to the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry (RCCI) on Wednesday. He said Pakistan having population of more than 189 million could be the best trade market for Germans to invest in the country. Germany is keen to invest in energy and technical education sectors of Pakistan, he said. The ambassador said that deteriorating law and order situation was affecting the economic uplift in the country. He said that 2014 would be the year to enhancement of bilateral trade between the two countries and his country is willing to assist Pakistan in every field. “Business Community of Pakistan can play proactive role to build a positive image of the country in the world”, he said. Ambassador said that embassy will assist RCCI in organising ‘single country expo’ in Germany. He ensured his full cooperation to the RCCI president in this regard. Speaking on the occasion, RCCI President Dr Shimail Daud Arain said that RCCI is fully aware of the significance of enhancing trade relations among all the countries. He said that besides textile, leather and wood Germany should focus on the Pharmaceutical and gems and jewellery industry to promote the bilateral trade relations. He also demanded of the government to lift ban on livestock sector from Europe and specially Germany to open new venues of trade. He said that almost 15 years ago due to mad cow disease government of Pakistan imposed a ban on livestock from Europe to avoid consequences but now everything is fine and government must reconsider the ban. INP


ISLAMABAD 07

Thursday, 16 January, 2014

Kidnapping case solved, IGP takes a bow

ISLAMABAD: Islamabad Police present arrested kidnapers during a press conference. INP

ISlaMaBad PolICe arreSt 6 kIdnaPPerS, reCover two aBduCteeS ISLAMABAD

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sTaff rEPOrT

SLAMABAd Police have arrested six kidnappers and safely recovered two abducted people from a house. Addressing a well-crowded press conference, Islamabad Inspector General of Police Sikandar Hayat said that Syed Rehman Ali s/o Syed Mohsin Ali was

kidnapped in last month by unidentified men while his case (no 518) was registered in Ramana Police Station on december 29, 2013 under section 365-A PPC. The IGP said a special police team supervised by Sub Inspector nawaz Gondal was working on this case when Syed Imran, a relative of the abductee, informed the police about receiving a phone call from kidnappers threatening to kill Rehman in case ransom amount Rs 10 million was not paid to them within 24 hours. Following this threatening message, the IGP said various police teams including technical experts teams were constituted which tried to trace the location of this specific phone call which was found to be from slums in Mirabadia, Sector G-12. He said

ISLAMABAD: Islamabad IGP Sikandar Hayat and Islamabad SSP M Rizwan during a press conference. INP

their other calls and mobile numbers used to make calls to relatives of abductees were also under observations and most of them were located in Mardan and other areas. He said search teams were immediately sent to this area (G-12) under supervision of Shalimar SHO Inspector Haq nawaz and Golra SHO Inspector Muhammad Siddique. A police informer pointed out a house in Itefaq Town near Al-Tahir Foundation School where movement of suspects and tinted glass vehicles were observed before the police raided the house and overpowered the six kidnappers and recovered Rehman and Abbas. The nabbed have been identified as Khan Sharif s/o Gul Latif, Gul Zareef s/o Gul Latif residents of dir, Qamar Ullah s/o Ghulam Jan, resident of Teemar

‘Stop making our kids smoke!’ ISLAMABAD INP

The parents have expressed concerns over availability of sheesha at restaurants and parlours in posh areas of the federal capital. The parents said that some fancy restaurants and parlours in various areas including sectors F-7, F-1, G-6 and others are offering sheesha to youth, posing threat to their health and future. They said that police and district administration were not taking action against them for reason best known to them. They demanded of the Islamabad IGP to take action against the restaurants which are

making the youth indulge in sheesha smoking. Meanwhile, Loi Bher Police raided a sheesha centre in its jurisdictions and arrested 14 persons including manager of the centre, besides seizing sheeshas. The police took the action on a complaint by the residents of the area.

Garah, Pervez Khan s/o Altaf, Saeeda Gul w/o Pervez Khan and Lela Gul d/o Pervez Khan, residents of Mardan. during the preliminary investigation, the kidnappers told about two of their accomplices who left the house just before raid and three others who managed to escape during firing on police team. Their names were told as Imran Yunus s/o Muahmmad Yunus, resident of Peshawar, Sherzada s/o Roshan Khan, resident of Mardan, Shah Jehan s/o Jendol Khan, resident of Bajur Agency, Akram Syed s/o Chiri Gul, resident of Malakand Agency and Imran s/o Akbar Khan, resident of Mardan. The IGP said special police teams had been constituted for the arrest of these absconding criminals and he was sure about

engIneerIng eduCatIon In PakIStan on CourSe to gettIng InternatIonal reCognItIon aFter aCCord ISLAMABAD aPP

“We are on way to get permanent membership of Washington Accord. It will be a great achievement as it will bring in manifold advantages. Our engineers will not be required to undertake special qualifying tests for recognition of their degrees by other countries. It will also enable them to open firms in other countries that will help in economic uplift of the country,” officials of Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC) told Senate Standing Committee on Science and Technology on Wednesday. The committee met at the Parliament House under the chairmanship of

success in this regard too. He said it is great success of Islamabad and gave its credit to the whole team of Islamabad Police including SSP Islamabad Muhammad Rizwan, SP (Rural) Muhammad Ilyas, SP (City) Mustansar Feeroz, SP (Saddar) Jameel Ahmed Hashmi, Inspector Rahat and others. The IGP said survey had been launched in residential areas of Islamabad to gather information about persons residing there. He said 20 police teams have completed survey in Bhara Kahu area in first phase and gathered information about particulars of families, their profession and whereabouts. He said this survey is for the safety of the citizens so that they may know as who is residing near to them and it would be extended in other areas too.

Getting close to Washington Accord Senator Prof Sajid Mir. The meeting was attended by Minister for Science and Technology Zahid Hamid, committee members and top officials of Ministry of Science and Technology and PEC. The Washington Accord is an agreement between the bodies responsible for accrediting professional engineering degree programmes in each of the signatory countries. It recognises the substantial equivalency of programmes accredited by those bodies, and recommends that graduates of accredited programmes in any of the signatory countries be recognised by the other countries as having met the academic requirements for entry to the practice of engineering. “At present only a few universities of the country are meeting the norms

and objectives of Washington Accord. But we are doing our best to bring others to that level and hopefully by the end this year we will be at par with international standards,” PEC secretary said. He said that the PEC was also on course to get membership of International Professional Engineers Agreement (IPEA). “We are hopeful to get IPEA membership by 2016. This will enable framework for the establishment of international standards of competence for professional engineers,” he added. The PEC officials also told the meeting about the step taken for energy efficiency and renewable energy and the service structure of country’s engineers. The meeting was also briefed about PEC’s establishment, its major functions and overall achievements.

Survey for Metro Bus Project kicks off RAWALPINDI ONLINE

A survey has been started to launch metro bus service which will run from Flashman Hotel to Pak Secretariat via Faizabad in the first phase. Rawalpindi dCO Sajid Zafar has issued directives to IESCO, Sui Gas, PTCL and WASA to work out survey report and estimate for shifting utilities from Flashman Hotel to Faizabad and send their reports to him. Revenue department has started carrying out survey of Murree Road. A Revenue department team comprising naib Tehsildar Raja Shakoot, Abid Shah, Gidawar Azhar Mehmood, patwaris and RdS officials has conducted measurement work of Murree Road from Mareer Chowk to Waris Khan bus stop besides reviewing the problems related to encroachments and other matters. The minimum width of Murree Road from Mareer Chowk to Waris Khan

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was found 90 feet and maximum width 130 feet. Sources said that proposal is also under consideration to keep the electricity wiring underground on Murree Road in connection with Metro Bus Project. The work on this project from Faizabad to Pak Secretariat will be completed under Capital development Authority (CdA). The entire project will be supervised by Metro Bus Company Lahore.


08 COMMENT

A peaceful Eid-e-Milad Better security kept things simple

Thursday, 16 January, 2014

Take a deep breath And not overreact to rumours and the hyper-ventilations of the Israeli right

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iD-E-MilAD is celebrated on the twelfth day of Rabiul Awwal all over the Muslim world with the exception of Saudi Arabia. Right from the days of the Abbasid ruler harun-al-Rashid when the event was accorded official recognition for the first time, the event is commemorated by a mixture of religious observances and festivities. in many parts of indonesia, the celebration of what is known in the country as Mawlid al-Nabi surpasses in importance, liveliness, and splendour of the two official holidays of Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-al-Adha. Charity and food is distributed, and events in the life of the Prophet (PBUh) are narrated with recitation of poetry by children. in india and Pakistan Mowlud Sharif gatherings are organised at houses, in mosques and public places which are decorated and the occasion is marked by jubilation. Milad processions are taken out in most cities of Pakistan. in South Punjab children wearing Arab dress ride on camels. At other places processionists dressed for the occasion come out in decorated horse driven chaises followed by others driving all sorts of vehicles or following on foot. in lahore the Milad procession is invariably joined by the Christian youth performing martial arts. Music is played, both religious and pop. Over the decades the festivities have taken the form of pageantry which transcends differences in faith. Peaceful Milad processions have been boycotted, even condemned, by a small fringe of extremists who believe in a narrow interpretation of islam. the rallies marking the day however remained unmolested till the advent of militant sectarian outfits like leJ. After that attacks began to be launched on the processions. in 2006 the entire Sunni tehrik top leadership was killed at a Milad gathering at Karachi’s Nishtar Park. in 2010 a Milad procession was targeted in Di Khan leading to seven participants killed. Multiple attacks took place in 2012 on the Milad processions in various cities including Mansehra, Gujranwala, Gujar Khan, Mirpur, Khairpur and Karachi. thanks the elaborate security arrangements this year the day passed off peacefully. As scores of rallies were taken out in different cities, Christian and hindu religious leaders highlighted the Prophet’s teachings with a universal appeal. the Milad day celebrations bring together different sects and religions. they are an expression of the interfaith harmony that exists among the vast majority of the population and is disliked by those preaching violence. there is a need on the part of the government to provide proactive support to events like Eid Miladun Nabi that bring together different religious communities and thus promote tolerance. What is more the celebrations can help contain extremist tendencies and thus dry up the sources of succor that sustain the terrorist activity.

Dedicated to the legacy of the late Hameed Nizami

Arif Nizami Editor

Aziz-ud-Din Ahmad Joint Editor Lahore – Ph: 042-36375963-5 Fax: 042-32535230 Karachi – Ph: 021-35381208-9 Fax: 021-35381208 Islamabad – Ph: 051-2287273 Fax: 051-2818125 Web: www.pakistantoday.com.pk Email: editorial@pakistantoday.com.pk

Washington Watch dr JaMes J Zogby

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t this point we have no idea what US Secretary of State John Kerry is going to propose to the israelis and the Palestinians. Because no comprehensive peace agreement is within reach, we are told that the secretary is working, instead, on a ‘Framework Agreement’. Precisely what this document will look like, what it will include, say, and propose to do is still unclear. Will it merely lay out the issues to be resolved? Will it define the gaps that separate the sides and propose US ‘bridging proposals’? Will it be issued by the US or will it be signed by the israeli prime minister and the PlO chairman? there are, at this point, no answers to these questions because the effort remains a work in progress. that is all we know. Despite the refusal of Washington to release any information, the US press has been filled with accounts telling a very different story. Early on there were reports that the US had fully embraced israeli concerns on most issues, including: israeli security needs in the Jordan Valley, the insistence that there be no ‘right of re-

turn’ for Palestinians, and the demand that the Palestinians recognise israel as a ‘Jewish State’. if everything were going so swimmingly-well for israel, how are we to account for their behaviour last week? When Kerry met with Netanyahu, the israeli prime minister attempted to turn their joint press event into a session bashing the Palestinian leadership, accusing Mahmoud Abbas of embracing terrorists and engaging in incitement, questioning whether israel had a genuine ‘partner’ in the search for peace. Kerry was apparently taken aback by this intemperate and uncalled for display of vehemence. But that wasn’t the end of the israeli counterthrust. During this same period, Netanyahu, speaking before various audiences in israel, announced that he would not sign any agreement that included a Palestinian capital in Jerusalem or called for an evacuation of controversial israeli colonies in hebron and Beit El. A few days earlier, a group of ministers in Netanyahu’s cabinet passed a motion to submit legislation to the Knesset calling for the annexation of the Jordan Valley. they followed this vote with a visit to that region’s settlements pledging their intention to retain control over the area. Meanwhile, Netanyahu’s coalition partner, Naftali Bennet, took the extreme position of announcing that his party would leave the government in the wake of any agreement that required israel to withdraw from the occupied territories. Netayahu’s partner, Foreign Minister Avigdor lieberman, while praising Kerry’s effort as the ‘best proposal we can get’, added that he would not accept the ‘right of return’ for even a single Palestinian refugee. lieberman also conditioned his support by positing the notion that the ‘land swaps’ with the Palestinians should involve ceding israel’s largely Arab ‘little triangle’ to the new Palestinian entity. At week’s end,

Netanyahu put the ‘icing on the cake’ by announcing tenders for the construction of 1,400 new housing units in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. if the earlier press accounts are right and Kerry’s efforts have largely endorsed israel’s positions on most issues, then how do we account for this all-out assault? it can’t be that Netanyahu was merely shoring up his political position by preparing his base for eventual concessions, since the combined rhetorical onslaught only served to make concessions more difficult. For the same reason, it is unlikely that the entire effort was designed by Netanyahu in order to demonstrate to the US secretary the precariousness of his domestic political situation. it may be that israelis have most of what they want, but want more. they may be pressing the US to force a framework on the Palestinians that is more of surrender than an agreement. But the combined demands they have put forward would make the ‘framework’ a bad joke, one that would destroy the chances for any peace arrangement. Given how much the US has invested in this process, it is unlikely that they would conclude it by issuing such a document.

A more plausible explanation is that Kerry is quite serious and is pushing hard to come up with a framework that advances peace and this has caused some real discomfort on the israeli right. A rule of thumb i’ve learned in politics is that when, in the midst of private negotiations, one side starts yelling the loudest and then takes their complaints and demands to the press, that’s the side that’s losing. this is not to say that i am optimistic or even hopeful. the way forward remains a long and tortuous path. i can’t imagine that the Palestinian leadership will surrender and accept a framework agreement that signs away their basic rights. i also cannot believe that the US will offer a proposal that will be rejected outright by Palestinians and Arab public opinion, at large. the US is aware that there is too much at stake in the region and is not interested in fuelling more discontent. that is why it is best to take a deep breath and not overreact to rumours and the hyper-ventilations of the israeli right. this story is not over yet.

A more plausible explanation is that Kerry is quite serious and is pushing hard to come up with a framework that advances peace and this has caused some real discomfort on the Israeli right.

Dr James J Zogby is President, Arab American Institute, Washington.

Prospects of peace in Afghanistan What is missing?

Malik MuhaMMad ashraf

W

ith only twelve months left in the announced deadline for the pull out of US-NAtO troops from Afghanistan, the prospects of peace returning to Afghanistan remain as bleak as ever. the Bilateral Security Agreement between the US and Afghan government — stipulating conditions in regards to the stay of non-combatant US troops in Afghanistan, their counter-terrorism and training assignments beyond 2014 — has not been signed as yet despite consensus reached on its draft between the two sides. hamid Karzai’s vacillating stance on signing the agreement is a cause of worry for the US. Karazi initially said that he would sign the agreement if approved by the Grand Jirga and when the Grand Jirga gave a nod of approval and insisted that the agreement be signed before the end of 2013. he then took a somersault and said that it would be signed by the Afghan government coming into power as a result of the ensuing elections in the country. Another condition for signing the agreement preferred by Karzai is that

the US stopped strikes on residential areas that result in civilian casualties. the US is visibly irritated and wants the agreement signed immediately enabling it to plan the pull out schedule and also decide on the US assistance that would be given to Afghanistan in the post-withdrawal period. the visits to Afghanistan by National Security Advisor Susan Rice and special envoy to the region James Doben have also failed to convince Karzai about the desirability and urgency required to conclude the agreement. When Secretary of State Chuck hagel came to Afghanistan, Karzai flew off to iran to finalise long term friendship and cooperation pact between the two countries. the evasive stance of Karzai on the BSA also owes much to the ambience of mistrust between him and the US leadership. Reportedly, the US and Karzai government are currently conducting parleys to smoothen out the differences. But the million dollar question is that would the signing of BSA by Karzai guarantee peace in Afghanistan? No rational soul can give an affirmative answer because peace in Afghanistan is not solely dependent on BSA between the Kabul government and the US. taliban also need to be roped in to give their blessings to the agreement besides bringing about reconciliation between the Karzai government and the taliban and ensuring their participation in the ensuing elections. the portents however are not very encouraging in this regard. the taliban are deadly opposed to the BSA and want complete withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan. they have also refused to participate in the elections and stated in unequivocal terms that they would not accept the government installed through the socalled sham elections. the US initiatives

CMYK

to hold dialogue with taliban have not progressed in a desired manner. in the prevailing scenario the danger is that even if the BSA is signed by Karzai and the US-NAtO troops withdraw from Afghanistan as scheduled, the country might relapse into factional fighting that was witnessed in the backdrop of Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan and abandonment of the country by the US. the Afghan security force raised and trained by the US is still not strong enough to resist and ward off the onslaught of taliban. the element which makes it vulnerable is its composition in complete disregard to the demographic realities of Afghanistan. Majority of members of this force belong to ethnic communities from North and the Pushtun element represented in it is quite smaller as compared to them. Pushtuns are more than 40% of the Afghan population and have always ruled Afghanistan. Disturbing that equation and balance would never be acceptable to the Pushtuns. Reports about desertions and Afghan soldiers turning on their foreign trainers are also not uncommon. Another worrying factor in this regard is that taliban have also penetrated the ranks of the security forces. that does not augur well from the perspective of security and stability in Afghanistan, with taliban still going strong in launching attacks on US-NAtO forces and Afghan security agencies. As is evident, more than signing of the Bilateral Security Agreement between the US and Karzai government, rapprochement between Karzai and taliban, reconciliation between taliban and other factions and an understanding between taliban and US on the future of Afghanistan is absolutely necessary for bringing peace to Afghanistan, as well as in Pakistan. though the US has pub-

licly stated that it favours an Afghan-led and Afghan-owned process of reconciliation, its actions so far do not prove its credentials as an honest broker of peace. its first priority should have been to ensure reconciliation among different stakeholders of peace in Afghanistan and their agreement on installation of future government through a democratic process without anybody playing favourites and then gone for BSA or any other arrangement with the collective leadership of Afghanistan. Even now it is not too late to change the priorities. Pakistan is already actively involved in nudging and encouraging the process of reconciliation between the Karzai government and taliban. it played a significant role in bringing the taliban, including haqqani group, to the negotiating table in Doha and has also released a number of detained taliban leaders including Mullah Bradar to facilitate process of reconciliation in Afghanistan. the new Pakistani leadership has also bid adieu to the strategic depth narrative and adopted a policy of neutrality in the Afghan conflict which is a good and realistic paradigm shift that could also help in winning the confidence and trust of the Afghan government and other elements who have been hostile to Pakistan in the past. For these efforts to succeed, the US will have to show more commitment to settling conflict among the Afghan factions and persuading them to work collectively to rebuild the country. Any slackness or failure on that account is bound to undo whatever has been done so far to promote peace and reconciliation in Afghanistan. Malik Muhammad Ashraf is an academic. He can be contacted at: ashpak10@gmail.com.


WORLD VIEW 09

Thursday, 16 January, 2014

IN AFGHANISTAN, AN ALTERNATE APPROACH TO A SECURITY PACT

WAsHIngton post

U

StePhen J hADley

S officials are struggling again with Afghan President Hamid Karzai. After painful and prolonged negotiations, they concluded a draft bilateral security agreement last year that lays the foundation for leaving U.S military forces in Afghanistan after 2014. It is expected to involve 8,000 to 10,000 U.S. troops with counterterrorism, training and other responsibilities in support of Afghan forces. Most U.S. experts on Afghanistan believe that such a residual force is critical if

Afghan forces are to continue to professionalize. Only with such help will they have a reasonable chance of containing the Taliban and giving Afghan authorities the space to negotiate a political settlement that includes the Taliban. Some NATO forces would remain, but only if U.S. troops stay. Most experts believe that without residual forces, the billions of dollars in financial support promised for Afghan security forces and for Afghanistan’s economic development will not materialize. Few believe that any Afghan government would survive long without this assistance. So the stakes are high — for Afghanistan and for preserving the investment of lives and treasure that the United States and its coalition allies have made over the past 12 years. Initially Karzai said he would sign the agreement after a loya jirga, a traditional congregation of Afghan leaders, approved the pact. The loya jirga approved the deal in November, but Karzai demanded further concessions: an end to counterterrorism raids into Afghan homes at night, active U.S. support for the peace process with the Taliban and non-interference in the April presidential election that will determine Karzai’s successor. Lately, he has threatened to leave the matter to his successor. U.S. officials have responded by pressuring Karzai directly and indirectly. They

have set a succession of deadlines and said the agreement must be signed in “weeks, not months.” So far, nothing has worked. U.S. officials need an alternative approach. One option would be for President Obama to make a public statement praising Afghanistan’s progress in assuming responsibility for its security; improving the education, health and well-being of its citizens; and preparing for the April election. To support that progress, Obama would say, he has directed U.S. forces to curtail all but essential night raids. He is committed to facilitating the peace process, he would note, and pledges full support for an election free from all outside influences. These statements would not represent a major U.S. policy change, but together they would offer Karzai a face-saver if he wishes to sign the security agreement. Next, Obama could announce the number of troops that he is prepared to leave in Afghanistan post-2014 and direct the Pentagon to develop plans on that basis. He would call on our NATO allies to announce similar force commitments. This step would go a long way toward reassuring Afghan presidential candidates, and the Afghan people, of the United States’ post-2014 presence. The lack of such reassurance has become a source of serious instability, threatening the election

and the morale of Afghan security forces. For similar reasons, Obama should resist any pressure to set a date for the termination of the post-2014 U.S. deployment. Third, Obama could state that while he is willing to sign the bilateral security agreement with Karzai, he also is willing to sign it with the next Afghan president. U.S. officials should stop pressuring Karzai — or anyone else — for a signature before the April election. Such pressure only strengthens Karzai’s hand, encourages further delay and makes the United States look desperate. Obama should make clear that his commitment of troops is dependent on the bilateral security agreement being signed. But a signing by a new Afghan president would give more than enough time to complete the necessary U.S. military planning before year’s end. Indeed, experts say that even without the deal, U.S. forces could remain in Afghanistan after 2014 under the existing status-of-forces agreement, though our allies would have to negotiate new agreements for their forces with the new Afghan government. Washington Post-ABC News polling last month suggested that more than 60 percent of Americans believe the Afghan war was not worth fighting. But the same poll also found that 55 percent support leaving some U.S. forces for training and “anti-insurgency” op-

erations. And lawmakers’ public statements suggest that a post-2014 deployment would have bipartisan support in Congress. Obama should avoid any suggestion that he might embrace a “zero option” and leave no U.S. troops in Afghanistan after 2014. Almost every Afghan expert believes that would destabilize Afghanistan, threaten the outcome of the election and risk the collapse of Afghan security forces. This would profoundly affect U.S. security interests. Afghanistan again would become a haven for terrorists — who, history shows, would attack U.S. interests and territory. Afghanistan would contribute to destabilizing a nuclear-armed Pakistan. And the Afghan people would forfeit the progress they have made, with our help, in building a more tolerant, inclusive, secure and prosperous society. Afghanistan’s presidential election is less than three months away. U.S. policy must not be based on frustration with Karzai’s mercurial behavior but on ensuring the election of a legitimate successor to Karzai with whom the United States can sign a security agreement that is overwhelmingly in the interests of both countries. Stephen J. Hadley was national security adviser in the George W. Bush administration.

Cause for concern at Pakistan's nuclear division? dIplomAt Ankit PAnDA

In 2009, the New York Times’ David Sanger wrote that “In the second nuclear age, what happens or fails to happen in Kidwai’s modest compound [the SPD] may prove far more likely to save or lose an American city than the billions of dollars the United States spends each year maintaining a nuclear arsenal that will almost certainly never be used.” So who is this Kidwai fellow anyway? Amid all the major leadership changes in Pakistan last year, Lieutenant General Khalid Kidwai’s departure hardly struck a chord with the mainstream media. As I wrote then for The Diplomat, Kidwai was unlike any other individual in the Pakistani military establishment – he stuck around at the heart of Pakistan’s strategic nuclear weapons program from the Chagai nuclear tests all the way through Musharraf’s tenure as President, into the final days of 2013. With Kidwai’s retirement, an important human constant was removed from the core of the Pakistan nuclear program. So what exactly did Kidwai do that makes his departure warrant concern of any sort? Kidwai has formally headed Pakistan’s secretive Strategic Plans Division (SPD) since 2000. The SPD manages the operation, maintenance, and security of Pakistan’s nuclear weapons stockpiles. Kidwai stood at the heart of it all over his 15 year career, receiving wide praise from Pakistan’s civilian and military establishment alike. He formally retired in 2007, but has received 12 extensions since then, allowing him to continue to serve as head of the SPD. The Nation claims that Kidwai holds the record for the longest career in Pakistan’s strategic defense establishment. Kidwai’s role didn’t end there. He was Pakistan’s chief adviser on nuclear matters and consulted for Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif during his first term, for Musharraf during his tenure, for Zardari thereafter, and for Sharif during his second term. He was also an interlocutor for U.S. defense officials – he constantly assured the United States that Pakistan’s nukes were safe under his watch, and that Pakistan was not a state proliferator of nuclear weapons or nuclear materials. His interactions with the United States caused controversy between him and A.Q. Khan. Few analysts have reflected on what Kidwai’s departure could entail for Pakistan’s strategic nuclear weapons. Michael Kugelman is one of the few. In a piece for The National Interest, Kugelman examines Kidwai’s tenure in some detail. He describes Kidwai as “the institutional face of Pakistani nukes” and argues that it is Kidwai’s “longevity and success that make [his] departure so unsettling.” It’s also concerning that Kidwai’s departure comes at a time when Pakistan continues to field the fastest growing nuclear arsenal in the world, with a particular focus on tactical nuclear weapons (TNW) which are significantly more maneuverable than their strategic counterparts. Kidwai’s departure should raise concern should his successor appear incompetent, but there seems to be no evidence that this is the case. Lieutenant General Zubair Mhamood Hayat, Kidwai’s successor at the helm of the SPD, seems to command praise across the board within Pakistan’s military establishment – he’s been described as “brainy, brave, and bold.” Outside the SPD, the broader picture of nuclear security in Pakistan seems to be somewhat looking up. A White House report in October 2013 commended Pakistan’s efforts in the area of nuclear security. Additionally, as I reported last week, Pakistan ranked higher than India on several indicators for nuclear materials security on the Nuclear Threat Initiative’s 2014 Security Index (although I should note that the NTI report notes Pakistan’s “risk environment” as being the worst worldwide for nuclear security). Additionally, the SPD is a military institution and one that can be understood to be immune from the vagaries of a lone leader. The SPD has generally been effective at safeguarding Pakistan’s nuclear weapons and there is no reason to suspect that the status quo is bound to change given Kidwai’s departure. A.Q. Khan remains the major blight on Pakistan’s nuclear proliferation record and there could be others like him out there, within the ranks of the SPD. After all, many have conjectured that Khan was able to do what he did “with support from the establishment.” Finally, with General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani’s retirement and General Raheel Sharif’s ascension, Pakistan seems to be paying slightly more heed to its internal security threats than its strategic obsession with India. We know, particularly after the 2008 terrorist attacks in Mumbai, that links exist between Pakistan and terrorists. Despite this, the Pakistan military has excellent reasons to want to ensure that its nuclear weapons and materials remain secure, away from the hands of these volatile extremists. Kidwai’s departure will undoubtedly inspire nervousness in the United States and India, and only time will tell if his example served to inspire his successor. Despite the SPD’s institutional strengths, Pakistan remains prone to a nuclear crisis. The United States and India will be watching matters closely. Ankit Panda is Associate Editor of The Diplomat.

Is China buying up America? AEI-HErItAgE FoundAtIon Derek SciSSorS

If there's a Chinese business person in your neighborhood talking about buying a local company or plot of land, you're not alone. Excluding bond purchases, Chinese investment in the US set a record last year at over $14 billion, rising more than 50% from 2012. Whether more is on the way is largely our choice. The American Enterprise Institute - Heritage Foundation China Global Investment Tracker is the world's only fully public database on Chinese non-bond investment. It contains more than 500 outward investments of $100 million or more made by the People's Republic since 2005, worth over $475 billion (plus hundreds of engineering and construction contracts). The American performance in 2013 pushed it past Australia as the PRC's leading target. Since 2005, the US has received about $60 billion in Chinese non-bond investment. While Chinese purchases of US Treasury bonds are much more extensive, they are also abstract. The PRC doesn't just buy slips of American paper anymore. In 2013 alone, it bought a large food company (Smithfield), extensive and recognizable properties in Los Angeles and New York, and several billion dollars in shale production rights. Is this a good thing? It certainly is for Americans selling some of their land or parts of their companies. To block people selling what they own - to interfere in free enterprise - there better be a good reason. A knee-jerk reaction is "China is taking over." You might remember that in the 1980's, Japan was "taking over." It wasn't a real threat then, and it isn't now. Total US wealth - the monetary

value of all the things we have - exceeds $75 trillion. Chinese investment is a drop in the bucket. A more substantial argument is the PRC is not an ally and frequently not a friend. Because it's not an ally, some Chinese deals should be scrutinized closely by the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS). These are deals that could pose a risk to American security. When there isn't a genuine risk, CFIUS should quickly get out of the way. Because China is frequently not a friend, we don't owe them anything. The American market should be open and transparent because it benefits Americans. If Beijing has complaints, these should be given the same weight accorded to American complaints about Chinese policies. For example, the US rightly views Chinese state-owned enterprises (SOE)'s as heavily subsidized while the PRC believes the US discriminates against them. Beijing is half-right: outside the US, SOE's account for close to 95% of Chinese investment by value. In the US, they account for less than 70%. But until American firms are treated better in China, there is little reason for the US to welcome Chinese SOE's. Looking ahead, the AEI-Heritage tracker demonstrates a clear pattern over time: Chinese firms have a herd mentality, and they get restless. They invest heavily in a region, say South America, for two years or so and then largely move on. The US could break this rule. We have everything China doesn't have at home - resources, technology, and protection of property rights. And our market is large enough to absorb far more Chinese investment than any other country. With a critical exception for national security, we should be open to this possibility. Record Chinese investment in the US in 2013 was good for both countries.


10 BUSINESS

Thursday, 16 January, 2014

SECURITY, STRUCTURAL WEAKNESSES HAUNT ECONOMY, SAYS SBP REPORT SAYS RATE OF PRICE HIKE IS MUCH LOWER THAN 9.5 PERCENT TARGET FOR YEAR KARACHI

T

ISMAIL DILAWAR

He State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) on Wednesday observed that growing security concerns and persistent structural weaknesses continue to impede the country's economic growth that grew at 3.6 percent during the financial year 2012-13 (FY13). Further, the year under review saw the backbreaking inflation falling to single-digit, 7.4 percent. The SBP stated this in its Annual Report on the State of economy for FY13. The report said soft global commodity prices, downward revision in energy prices and a relatively stable exchange rate allowed the average inflation rate to fall to 7.4 percent in FY13. The rate of price hike, the report said, was much lower than the 9.5 percent target for the year. According to the report, robust growth in construction activity and capacity enhancement in a few sub-sectors, supported the industrial sector. Global prices helped contain the country's import bill, and there was some improvement in exports. Furthermore, higher than anticipated Coalition Support Fund (CSF) inflows, and modest growth in worker remittances, reduced the current account deficit to 1.0 percent of GDP in

FY13. "Notwithstanding favourable developments, growing security concerns and persistent structural weaknesses continue to impede economic growth," it read. The SBP report read that challenges in managing public sector enterprises; the need to expand the tax net to untaxed or undertaxed areas; to contain untargeted subsidies; to tackle theft and leakages in the energy sector; to revitalise the private sector; and to increase documentation, were largely unaddressed during FY13. “In a repeat from the previous year, the budget deficit exceeded the target for FY13 by a wide margin, as the realized deficit was 8 percent of GDP, against a target of 4.7 percent,” said the report. It added that the resulting pressure to secure financing dominated policy-making throughout the year. For the third consecutive year, the energy sector was addressed by paying off the circular debt, which pushed the fiscal deficits above the respective targets for these years. The report said that with inadequate external funding the onus of financing the fiscal deficit fell entirely on domestic sources, specifically the banking system. The government borrowed Rs 939.6 billion from commercial banks and an additional Rs 506.9 billion from the State Bank. In effect, the country’s domestic debt increased by Rs 1.9 trillion, a 24.6 percent increase from the end of FY12. According to the report, the lack of external inflows also created challenges in financing the relatively small current account deficit. The financial account recorded a net inflow of only US$ 0.3 billion during the year, compared to $1.3 billion last year, and $5.1 billion in FY10. This, along with significant repayments to the IMF, pulled down SBP’s liquid foreign exchange reserves to a 55-month low of $6 billion by end-June 2013. While inflation outlook based on October 2013 data, reported earlier, was in the range of 10.5 to 11.5 percent, a more realistic outlook based on latest data shows average inflation for FY14 to remain between 10 and 11 percent. It further said that the approval of a 3-year ($6.64 billion) extended Fund Facility from the IMF, and expected financial support from other IFIs, should bring stability to the domestic FX market in FY14.

IHC issues contempt notice to Abbasi ISLAMABAD: The Islamabad High Court has issued contempt of court notice to federal minister for petroleum, Shahid Khaqan Abbasi. The notice was issued on the petition filed by CNG Association, in which it quoted Shahid Khaqan Abbasi as saying that Islamabad High Court was responsible for gas load shedding. The IHC had ordered federal authorities to restore thrice a week gas supply schedule for Islamabad, Rawalpindi areas, setting aside all objections raised by the concerned quarters. The IHC Wednesday issued contempt of court notice to Shahid Khaqan Abbasi, and sought his reply on Jan 20. ONLINE

Major Gainers COMPANY Unilever Foods Rafhan Maize Nestle Pak. Wyeth Pak Ltd MithchellsFruit

Pak paid $73 billion on oil import in last seven years Provinces paid oil and gas royalty of Rs 39 billion last year: Senate told ISLAMABAD: The Senate was informed Wednesday that oil import bill of the country from 2007 to 2013 stood at a massive amount of over 73 billion dollars. State Minister for Petroleum Jam Kamal Khan told the House during question hour that there was no impact on rupee depreciation on import bill which is being paid in dollar terms. However, domestic prices are affected due to Pak rupee depreciation. He said from July 1, 2012 to June 30, 2013 gas consumption was 3735 mmcfd against the raw gas production of 4126 during the same period. He informed that a total of over 39 billion rupees were paid to provinces as royalty. Of this Punjab received 2.1 billion, Sindh 28.61 billion, Balochistan 4.84 billion and KhyberPakhtunkhwa 3.74 billion rupees. To a question, Minister of State for Water and Power Abid Sher Ali told the House that average daily consumption of electricity till end of November last year was 8146 megawatt against the average daily generation of 9752 megawatt. He said of this Punjab produced 4758 megawatt, KPK 1525, Sindh 1623, Balochistan 673 and AJK 1175 megawatt. INP

Pakistan's economy shows resilience: WB

WASHINGTON: The World Bank says there are many positive potentials in Pakistan to achieve rapid growth. In a statement‚ the bank said these positives include the legitimacy of its institutions‚ capacity to implement national projects and rapid growth of women in the labour force. It said Pakistan's economy has shown resilience in preserving growth and poverty reduction despite natural disasters. The bank urged the government to initiate reforms in the power sector as progress in all other areas depends on it. INP

TEHRAN Iran has set up an ad hoc committee to study the idea of changing the time frame of launching Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline. In an interview to Iranian news agency Shana, Iran’s deputy minister of petroleum for international affairs and trading, Ali Majedi, said that Iran and Pakistan agreed with setting up a bilateral committee to follow gas pipeline project on a regular basis and find a solution for the long-delayed construction of the pipeline inside Pakistan’s territory. Shana said the two sides are slated to meet in late January to discuss pipeline related issues and present their views to Iran and Pakistan’s petroleum ministers. Last week, media reports said that Pakistan would request Iran to set a new time frame for completion of Iran-Pakistan (IP) natural gas pipeline project. The controversial pipeline project has been delayed due to sanctions on Iran. Iran has already completed 907 kilometers of its 1,227kilometer share of the pipeline.

HIGH 9093.00 7940.00 10121.84 4500.01 880.95

LOW 8800.00 7940.00 9700.00 4500.00 839.00

CLOSE CHANGE 9093.00 433.00 7940.00 330.00 9910.83 270.98 4500.01 52.30 880.95 41.95

TURNOVER 240 20 2,460 80 5,000

1151.50 820.00 241.88 395.00 181.10

1151.50 763.02 221.30 390.00 180.50

1151.50 774.19 221.80 390.00 180.50

-60.20 -24.89 -11.14 -9.99 -9.50

80 8,900 624,800 400 700

10.98 9.32 6.64 27.75 9.99

10.06 8.50 6.40 27.10 9.35

10.98 9.20 6.53 27.65 9.45

1.00 0.68 0.09 0.55 -0.16

30,673,000 21,593,000 19,025,000 10,766,000 10,595,000

Major Losers

IRAN SETS UP AD HOC COMMITTEE TO STUDY CHANGES IN IRAN-PAKISTAN PIPELINE INP

OPEN 9093.00 7940.00 10100.00 4500.00 880.95

TAPI PROJECT PROGRESSING, INDIA TO GET GAS BY 2017 NEW DELHI: Framework for the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan India (TAPI) pipeline project is being readied on a fast track basis by officials of the four stakeholder nations, India's Minister for Petroleum and Natural Gas, Dr M Veerappan Moily said. The transactional advisor for the project has been appointed and sale purchase agreement has been drawn, he said, adding that the aim is to bring gas from Turkmenistan to the Indian border by 2017. "Apart from gas, this TAPI pipeline would usher in peace among the nations as well. The gas is expected to reach the border of India by August 2017," the Minister said on Tuesday at the Petrotech 2014, 11th International Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition. Another major development was the signing of memorandum of understanding (MoU) between India's Oil and Natural Gas Cooperation (ONGC) and Kuwait's Petrochemical Industries Company (PIC) for cooperation in hydrocarbon value chain. The MoU will see bilateral cooperation between the two nations in the upstream and downstream hydrocarbon sector, especially petrochemicals. ONLINE

Indus Dyeing Pak Tobacco Shell Pakistan Ltd. Sapphire Textile Fazal Cloth

1151.50 820.00 235.50 395.00 181.10

Volume Leaders Jah.Sidd. Co. Azgard Nine K.E.S.C. Bank Al-Falah P.I.A.C.(A)

10.15 8.65 6.49 27.10 9.56

Interbank Rates USD GBP JPY EURO

PKR 105.4207 PKR 172.9849 PKR 1.0100 PKR 143.4881

Forex UK Pound Sterling Euro US Dollar Canadian Dollar Australian Dollar Japanese Yen Saudi Riyal UAE Dirham China Yuan

BUY

SELL

175.5 145.5 106.25 97.25 95.25 1.011 28.45 29.4 17.15

175.75 145.75 106.5 97.5 95.5 1.02 28.7 29.65 17.4

CORPORATE CORNER Nestlé Pakistan and LUMS unveil agribusiness program LAHORE: Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS), in collaboration with Nestlé Pakistan, is launching an Executive Certificate programme aimed at creating a cadre of competent and skilled professionals in the agribusiness sector. Nestlé Pakistan is committed to supporting and promoting the development of competent agribusiness professionals as part of its Creating Shared Value (CSV) initiatives. The Executive Certificate in Agribusiness Management (ECAM) is built around a series of short duration modules covering key disciplines of management with contextual relevance for agribusiness and the challenges currently facing the sector. “As a predominantly agricultural country, Pakistan needs to develop a class of professionals educated and trained in the relevant disciplines,” said Nestlé Pakistan’s Managing Director, Magdi Batato. “The ECAM gives them the opportunity to do so and we at Nestlé Pakistan are proud to be leading the initiative in collaboration with LUMS.” The ECAM program underscores the importance of the agriculture sector to the health of the economy. Agriculture contributes 21% of GDP and employs 44% of the workforce. The sector is pivotal to robust economic growth, development and alleviation of poverty. PRESS RELEASE

PTCL introduces EVO Tab offer ISLAMABAD: Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited (PTCL), the largest Information Communications Technology service provider in Pakistan, has introduced ten months free internet offer with every new EVO Tab device, enabling customers to experience the high-speed wireless broadband internet. PTCL EVO Tab comes with an upgraded Android 4.0.1 operating system, Dual Core 1.2 GHz processor and 1GB RAM offering great value for money, allowing customers to get the most out of their multimedia content on-the-go. The upgraded device offers High Definition touch screen, HD quality video playback, 4GB internal memory and dual cameras. The front and rear cameras are perfect for high quality video conferencing and still photography. PRESS RELEASE

Hush Puppies to sponsor Polo event at Lahore Polo Club

LAHORE: Hush Puppies is sponsoring the historic “Game of Kings”, Pakistan Polo Club 2014 which is being held in Lahore Polo Club from 13th-19th of January, 2014. This week-long tournament is attracting talent from all across the country whilst promoting the sport. Hush Puppies management shows gratitude to Lahore Polo Club for providing the opportunity. PRESS RELEASE


LEISURE 11

Thursday, 16 January, 2014

HaGaR tHE HoRRIblE

aries

taurus

gemini

Your ability to get stuff done is propelling you forward today, and your people just have to try to catch up. Things are sure to move even more quickly by this time tomorrow, so rest up!

You are cluing in to something that has been eluding you for a long time -- years, maybe. Use this new intuition to get closer to someone you love or to solve an old, nagging problem.

Your thinking is a bit muddled today -- but maybe you can work that to your advantage! See if you can kick back and indulge in some creative brainstorming. Precision is for ants!

cancer

leo

virgo

Don't worry about getting tired -- you should be able to plow through all your work without breaking a sweat. Things are looking up for you and your family, and you should take pride in that!

You feel a bit more low-key and relaxed than usual, and that might not fit with the high-stress people who surround you. The good news is that their mood shouldn't affect yours.

Organization is your middle name, and you should be able to whip your people into shape without any trouble at all. It's your specialty, and things ought to be all lined up in your favor before long.

libra

scorpio

sagittarius

Even if the big picture seems to be too optimistic, you can still enjoy the small successes that come your way today. In fact, they are the key to your eventual large-scale victory, so build on them!

If you're a parent, you need to heed today's lesson carefully: There are limits to control. Even if you don't have kids, you still need to make sure that you're letting people make their own mistakes.

You're not always the most flexible person in the world, but today you need to extend yourself a bit. Things are good, but they could be even better if you can adapt to match them.

dIlbERt

GaRFIEld

baldo

capricorn

aQuarius

pisces

You feel incredible -- which could be good or bad. If you're in the dumps, take heart in the knowledge that the feeling can't last long. If you're up, make the most of it while you can!

Animals have more appeal today -- their way of living in the moment is a great lesson for you now. If you've got pets, play with them, and if not, find a way to interact with someone else's.

Try not to hold back with your feelings -- though that may be impossible anyway! You need to deal with someone who's close but may feel insecure about you, which means it's time for a heart-to-heart.

cRosswoRd

sUdokU

ACROSS

bRIdGE

How to play fill in all the squares in the grid so that each row, column and each of the squares contains all the digits. the object is to insert the numbers in the boxes to satisfy only one condition: each row, column and 3x3 box must contain the digits 1 through 9 exactly once.

learn liver lumber mate medium meter puzzle reverse safety stark stick trajectory trick trot unity waste

Today’s soluTions

loUIE's cHRIstmas tREE

cHEss white tO PLAY AND MAte iN twO MOVeS 8 7

DOWN

6 5 4 3 2 sudoku solution

1 B

C

D

E

F

G

H

chess solution

A

1.bg6! fxg6 [1...Qd5 2.bxf7] 2.Nxe6+ *

1 soft, silvery-white metal (6) 2 smithy's block (5) 3 soviet statesman (with a liking for cocktails?), d. 1986 (7) 5 savoury taste sensation produced by glutamates — i, a mum (anag) (5) 6 important person (with a large cannon?) (3,4) 7 unspecified object (6) 8 old red, d. 1940 (4,7) 14 unopened flower — pretty young woman (7) 15 one-eyed monster (7) 16 mmmmmm! (3-3) 17 bad-tempered (like a garment?) (6) 19 totally united (2,3) 21 person seizing something (5)

beach boats choice coarse collision deflect depth drama engagement explosive fountain fragrant hand horse known late

crossword solution

1 excessively ingratiating (6) 4 offer more than someone else (6) 9 disclose (a secret) (7) 10 trouble (5) 11 dark (5) 12 not this and not that (7) 13 beat about the bush (11) 18 parvenu (7) 20 trap (a batsman?) (5) 22 thug (5) 23 door rapper (7) 24 jumble (of tunes in one tune?) (6) 25 off the correct path (6)

woRd sEaRcH


12

Thursday, 16 January, 2014

ARTS

WHAT YOUR NAILS ARE TRYING TO SAY ABOUT YOUR HEALTH

W

hether or not you’re into nail polish, paying attention to your nails is pretty important. Yes, we love a good ruby red lacquer that makes our hands look gorgeous, but once the polish comes off, your nails are always trying to tell you something. If your nails are constantly peeling, that can be an indicator of how you digest food. If you’re experiencing a lot of yellowing, it’s a possible sign of fungus. regardless of what you’re doing with your nails, you need to start reading the signs they’re sending. Below, we’ve listed out what’s going on with your nails, and what exactly they’re trying to tell you. Peeling: If your nails are peeling, it could mean that you’ve got a deficiency when it comes to mineral absorption. While this can be caused by something as minuscule as not chewing your food enough, it could also mean a low amount of acid in your stomach, which means that your food isn’t properly digested. Dry Cuticles: this one may seem obvious, but dry cuticles means you’re lacking in the hydration department. especially if you work in an office where you’re constantly washing your hands or you’re always washing dishes (and particularly in the winter), resolve to use cuticle oil at least once a day to keep your fingers in great shape. If you can’t use cuticle oil, massage hand cream into your cuticles while you’re applying it to your hands. White Spots: While most people believe that white spots on nails are actually a sign of a calcium deficiency, they can actually be a small area of nail fungus or a tiny result of trauma to the nail like bumping or dinging your finger. If there is pain in your nail, seek medical attention to treat fungus. If there’s no pain and it’s likely the result of trauma, the white spot must simply grow out (which can take up to eight months). Breaking: there are a few reasons why your nails could be breaking, and they range from harmless to significant. Your nails could be breaking because they’re exposed to water, soap or detergent for too long, or they could be breaking for more serious reasons, like en-

docrine disorders or malnutrition. the key to determining which is causing your nails to break is to take notice of whether your nail’s thickness, color, etc. have changed over time. If you notice a change in your nails and stop exposing them to water and detergent, yet the change persists, see your doctor. Yellowing: Besides smoking, your fingers could be turning yellow due to a few reasons. First, it could be nail fungus, which can be taken care of with an antifungal medication from your doctor. If it’s not nail fungus, your nails could be turning yellow because you paint them too often and you neglect to use a base coat. As a rule of thumb, give your nails about three days with no polish every three weeks or so, and be sure to use a clear base coat to avoid polish staining your nail bed. Dark Vertical Lines of Colour: While dark marks underneath nails could be benign moles underneath your nail bed, single, new bands of colour could also indicate melanoma. If you notice this, see your dermatologist immediately. hard as rock: If your nails are hard as rock, strong and don’t break easily, it’s a good sign that you’re in good health. Keep up the good diet, exercise and nail care regimen! Separating From the Bed: Nails separating from the bed can be due to injury or infection, a reaction to a drug, thyroid disease or psoriasis. Once there is space between the nail and the bed, infections can occur underneath the nail. Most times, nails will reattach themselves to the bed within a few months, but if you think you may have a more serious condition, seek your doctor’s guidance. COURTESY YAHOO!

MEDIA LITERACY PROMISING FOR ANTI-SMOKING EDUCATION

Teaching teens to see through pro-tobacco messages in the media may be better at preventing youth smoking than just saying no, according to new research. More kids who began the study at least open to the possibility of starting to smoke changed their minds after a media literacy course, compared to kids in a traditional anti-smoking class, researchers found. "Standard school-based smokingprevention programs are just not as successful as we would like," Dr. Brian Primack said. Primack, the study's lead author and director of the Program for Research on Media and Health at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, said clean air laws and large anti-smoking campaigns have led to an overall drop in smoking in the U.S. "But when it comes down to (youth) educational programs, it just hasn't worked as well as we hoped," he added. For the new study, he and his colleagues recruited 796 ninth-grade students from three Pittsburgh high schools to either take a traditional anti-smoking class or the media literacy program. The traditional program deals a lot with resisting social influences, such as peers and parents who smoke, according to Primack. The media literacy program, on the other hand, is intended to teach adolescents to analyze and evaluate the messages they're encountering in popular culture. Primack said research has found that the amount of smoking seen in movies and media is a good predictor of whether people will smoke. "That's why people said if the media is so influential, maybe media literacy at least theoretically could be a good avenue for intervention," he said. Primack noted, however, that the two classes share common themes. "They're not completely 100 percent opposite," he said. At the start of the study, students were given survey questions and asked to respond on a scale from "strongly agree" to "strongly disagree." In response to a question about their intention smoke, 236 students did not firmly disagree - which the researchers interpreted as the teens being susceptible to starting to smoke. Almost a quarter of those susceptible students who were assigned to the media literacy class said they had changed their mind about smoking by the end of the program and were firmly against starting. That compared to about 16 percent among those taking the traditional anti-smoking class. Statistically, however, the difference between those groups could have been due to chance, the researchers note in the Journal of School Health. At the end of the study, students in the media literacy program were more likely than those in the traditional class to perceive smoking as unpopular. NEWS DESK

CERTAIN SMELLS CAN GIVE YOU A MIGRAINE More than 50 per cent of migraine sufferers are sensitive to a specific odour, says a new study. the condition is known as osmophobia. Women can be particularly sensitive, with some 70 per cent saying that smell is a trigger. And just a few minutes of exposure is all it takes. Avoiding triggers is said to be vital to prevent an attack. In the first reported case of allergy to members of the onion family, a 32-year-old woman found that raw onions or garlic caused a ‘migraine aura’. the Smell and taste treatment and research Foundation in Chicago said within an hour, she had a crushing 10/10 headache, with burning eyes and nose, nausea, fatigue, sore throat, confusion, palpitations, tongue soreness and neck pain. the woman was treated with nose plugs, and given peppermint as a counter-smell which seemed to alleviate the problem. the researchers say onion and other smells may induce changes in the emotions as the areas of the brain that govern both smell and emotion are closely linked. Alternatively, the smell may stimulate the trigeminal nerve, leading to inflammation, or the smell could itself cause blood vessels to shrink. Dr Nicholas Silver, consultant neurologist at the Walton Centre for Neurology and Neurosurgery and honorary clinical lecturer at the University of Liverpool, said: ‘We have found that common odour triggers include perfumes, aerosols, car air fresheners, cooking smells – particularly fried or fatty foods – cigarette smoke and cleaning products.’ COURTESY DAILY MAIL

CHROME WILL NOW TELL YOU WHICH TAB IS MAKING ALL THAT RACKET IN THE BACKGROUND

Google has announced a feature in its newest version of Chrome that places a “Playing audio” icon on any tab that’s making noises. So, whether it’s a nasty video ad on the right column of some article you half-read, or perhaps a Spotify or YouTube player somewhere in the mix, you can more easily track it down and shut it up. Chrome has also implemented similar “Casting to your TV” and “Using your webcam” icons on tabs that are performing those activities, too. But the most useful feature is certainly the nasty audio killer. The newest version of Chrome (32.0.1700.77), like all updates, will roll out automatically. All you’ll have to do is restart your browser after it’s been downloaded, by closing and reopening it, in order for the changes to take effect. Click over to your Chrome browser’s menu and select About Google Chrome to see which version you’re on. If the update has been downloaded and is just waiting for a restart, then it will say so there. NEWS DESK

DOGS ARE AWARE THAT WE’RE SUCKERS FOR 'PUPPY DOG EYES' Dogs may have evolved to capitalize on our preference for big-eyed, child-like faces, according to new research. When man's best friend raises its inner brows, it makes the eyes appear larger - like those of a baby - a look that prospective adopters respond to. Scientists at the University of Portsmouth observed 27 shelter dogs and counted the number of times each animal raised its inner brows and widened its eyes when a person approached. the dogs were all Staffordshire bull terriers and Mastiffs between the ages of 7 months and 8 years old, and the ones that raised their brows were consistently adopted faster than those that didn't. head researcher Dr. Bridget Waller says this is evidence that domestic dogs have evolved to make these "puppy dog eyes." "the results of this research suggest that wolves which produced child-like expressions may have been more tolerated by humans, and so modern dogs have inherited these features," she said. We might have automatically opted for dogs which produced facial movements that enhanced their baby-like faces. raised inner brows are also closely associated with sadness in humans and so another possibility is that humans are responding to a perceived sadness in the dog." COURTESY MOTHER NATURE NETWORK

CMYK


Thursday, 16 January, 2014

ARTS

13

Mukhtar Mai incident inspires New York opera New YORk

T

ONLINE

HE case of Mukhtara Mai has inspired a $150,000 theatre production which is currently having an eight-night run in a basement theatre in Manhattan One of the most infamous sex crimes against women in South Asia, Mai´s 2002 gang rape, survival and metamorphosis into an international rights icon is as far removed from opera-house pomp as possible. It may have earned a less-than-glowing review from The New York Times -- "muted," "not quite enough" -- but the score is an alluring blend of South Asian and Western music, and the production starkly innovative. With a simple backcloth doubling up as a film projection screen, a few chairs

and charpoys, the simple but powerful staging evokes the heat, the dust and the traditions of a Pakistani village. Mai, now in her 40s, was raped to avenge her 12-year-old brother´s alleged impropriety with a woman from a rival clan.Six men were sentenced to death for her rape in a landmark ruling. But five were later acquitted and the main culprit had his sentence reduced to life imprisonment: facts the opera omits. Mai´s story has fresh resonance since the brutal gang rape of a student on a New Delhi bus and her death a little over a year ago sparked international outrage about the levels of violence against women in India."It´s inspiring," said the opera´s Indian-American composer Kamala Sankaram, who also sings the lead role. "This is a person who was completely

Youth-centric Yaariyan gives Madhuri's Dedh Ishqiya a run for its money Dedh Ishqiya might have got a unanimous thumbs-up from critics, but it is Yaariyan that seems to be emerging out as a winner. While Madhuri's comeback venture has garnered Rs. 14.25 cr so far, debutante Divya Khosla Kumar's Yaariyan has collected approx Rs. 22.20 cr. Dedh Ishqiya is also doing a decent business, but it is not up to the mark, feel trade analysts. "Dedh Ishqiya starring Madhuri Dixit Nene, Naseeruddin Shah, Arshad Warsi and Huma Qureshi remained consistent on its first Monday as well as earning Rs. 2.25 crore. The film's total income so far now stands at Rs. 14.25 crore at the domestic box office," reports Koimoi. COURTESYHINDUSTANTIMES

illiterate and knew nothing of her rights and the laws of her country and yet she had the courage to step out," she told a foreign news agency. There is no staged recreation of the rape, which is instead portrayed by muffled shrieks of terror interspersed with a knife slashing open bags of sand. Sankaram worked to recreate Mai´s world by combining Hindustani music, Western composition, qawwali and Bollywood."I am a sitar player as well as being a Western musician so I wanted to bring in elements of traditional culture but still keep it something acceptable to Western listeners," she said. Pakistan may be thousands of miles from New York but playwright and novelist Susan Yankowitz, who wrote the libretto, says the opera is about courage and universal vulnerability of women.

Dubai’s royal family hosts wedding feast for Veena Malik, her husband

Salman finds Aamir's Jai Ho tweet sweet Superstar Salman Khan finds colleague Aamir Khan tweeting about his forthcoming film Jai Ho a sweet gesture, and says it is the best way one can be competitive in the film industry. When told about Aamir recently tweeting the countdown to Jai Ho, Salman reacted by saying, "Really ? How sweet. Everyone does that and we should. I feel this is being competitive and showing love in this manner is better than the other way round." Earlier, Salman had promoted Aamir's film Dhoom: 3 on his reality show Bigg Boss - Saath 7. "You help the other person and you make sure that you try and take your level to that point. Like Aamir is trying to make sure that people come and watch 'Jai Ho', which is a good thing. The industry prospers," Salman added on the sets of reality show Dance India Dance" Salman was on the sets of the show to promote his film Jai Ho along with co-star Daisy Shah. The film will release January 24. COURTESYHINDUSTANTIMES

Amitabh, Jaya greet Rekha publicly Amitabh Bachchan and Rekha's alleged affair is written about even today. They last worked together in Yash Chopra's Silsila and have avoided each other since then. But recently Big B and Rekha came face to face at an awards function in Mumbai. However, unlike their other meetings where Amitabh and Jaya have avoided Rekha publicly, this one was different. While Amitabh and Rekha are snapped exchanging a 'namaste', wife Jaya and Rekha who was rumoured to be the 'other woman' in Big B's life are seen holding hands. Sometime back a picture of Amitabh Bachchan while on a flight went viral that showed Rekha hiding while sitting behind him. Also the Jaya - Rekha rivalry was highlighted when Rekha joined the Rajya Sabha as a member. COURTESYTIMESOFINDIA

Priyanka parties with Channing Tatum Bollywood actor Priyanka Chopra, who attended the after-party for the Golden Globe Awards in Los Angeles, USA, on Sunday (January 12), hung out with actor-producer Channing Tatum. A source says, "It was a very sweet encounter. She met Channing and his wife, Jenna Dewan-Tatum. They spoke about work and even the popularity of Priyanka’s song, ‘Exotic’." Channing, who is best known for films like Step Up (2006) and 21 Jump Street (2012), isn’t Priyanka’s only friend in Hollywood. In the past, she has been spotted with actors Jon Hamm and Gerard Butler too. Ask about the incident, and Priyanka says, "It was fun meeting Channing Tatum and his lovely wife at the Golden Globes. They are an amazing couple." COURTESYHINDUSTANTIMES

dUBAI ONLINE

Veena Malik and her beau received a wedding feast hosted by the royal family of Dubai.

Shiekh Muhammad bin Hamadan hosted a lavish wedding feast in Dubai’s desert for Veena Malik and her husband. Forty members of the royal family and a large

number of other guests were present at the event. The event also included a hunting activity where our very own Veena hunted a falcon with the royal members.

Mehreen Syed is expecting! News desk Model Mehreen Syed who got married to a Pakistani businessman Ahmed Sheikh last year is expecting a baby. She has shifted her base from Pakistan to London. When asked by a reporter about the reason for the shift, Mehreen said, "Ek good news hai bata deti hu.. I'm expecting my first child. And I haven't shifted to London permanently it is just a temporary shift. I shall be here in London for three months till my delivery. The good news is on its way, hopefully by month of March." “I haven't given up modelling but yes at the moment have taken a break from work. I have been staying most of the time indoors but still working from home. I recently launched my beauty blog site and that has kept me busy these days," the soon-to-be-a-mommy added.

Waar set to release in UK cinemas Smash hit movie Waar is all set for screening in UK from January 17, the official Facebook page of the film announced on Tuesday. The schedule posted on the social networking site shows that Waar will be released in 23 cinemas in the UK that include 12 Cineworld cinemas, 10 Odeon Cinemas and one VUE Cinema. The movie will be exhibited in cities of London, Newcastle, Leeds, Glasgow, Coventry, Stoke-on-Trent Birmingham, Manchester, Bolton, Bradford, Cardiff, High Wycombe, Leicester, West Bromwich and Sheffield. The film, directed by Bilal Lashari, had a record breaking run in Pakistan where it has grossed Rs230 million since its release in October. ONLINE

CMYK

Kanye West files lawsuit against digital currency Kanye West has filed a lawsuit in the US to stop production of Coinye West, saying they unjustly cash in on his fame. The lawsuit, filed on in Manhattan, seeks to stop companies and unidentified people from exchanging the digital currency. It is also asking for damages for hurting the rapper's reputation. However, its makers appear to have backed down from a court case after a message was posted on Twitter. "#BLAMEKANYE Coinye devs have dispersed. New ownership, better things coming," the @CoinyeCoins tweet said. One of the websites linked with Coinye also posted a message on its homepage reading "Coinye is dead. You win, Kanye". West's lawsuit says the creators of the digital coins "brazenly admit" they used his name and likeness to associate their new currency with the rapper. Its creators used a cartoon image of a coin featuring the musician in large sunglasses. The lawsuit also claims the people behind the currency boasted it couldn't be stopped whether it "looks like a dollar, a dog or a cartoon picture of a rapper". Coinye, also known as crypto-currency, is similar to Bitcoin, a paperless currency people can use like cash anywhere in the world. COURTESYBBC

Stewart ‘terrified’ to take on role Jennifer Lawrence rejected Kristen Stewart's latest movie role has her shaking in her boots! The 23-year-old actress has signed on to star in "Equals," a futuristic love story based on George Orwell's novel "1984." The "Twilight" star opened up about her nerves during a recent interview, telling the a foreign news agency, "I can't believe I agreed to do it." She added, "I'm terrified of it. Though it's a movie with a really basic concept, it's overtly ambitious. ... It's a love story of epic, epic, epic proportion, I'm scared." The flick, which they'll begin filming later this year, is an updated version of the 1956 adaptation of the classic book about rebellion in a repressed futuristic society. The film's director, Drake Doremus, told the news agency,"It's about love in a world where love really doesn't exist anymore." Kristen will play the lead alongside Jennifer Lawrence's on-again, off-again boyfriend, Nicholas Hoult. But the brunette beauty wasn't the director's first choice for the part. In fact, J.Law was offered the role, but she turned it down, saying she couldn't see herself playing the part. COURTESYYAHOO!

Liam Payne apologises for balcony ledge Twitter picture One Direction singer Liam Payne has apologised for a picture taken of him balancing on a balcony ledge. The photo had been posted on Twitter but has since been taken down. The 20-year-old tweeted: "You may have seen a photo of me today taken on top of a building. I regret being there and having a photo taken. "It was a stupid and irresponsible thing to do. I am sorry, and do not endorse any fans trying to repeat this, as it is extremely dangerous." Friends of the musician have been posting images of his London home on the social networking site, leading to fans working out where the boy band star lives. ONLINE


14 SPORTS

Thursday, 16 January, 2014

Tough Times FOR FINN AND ROOT W SPORTS DESK

ITH England's men winning in Australia on the same day that the blundering Sydney Thunder ended a 19-game losing streak, reports of full moons and pigs being cleared for landing at Brisbane Airport were, as of yet, unconfirmed. But as emphatic as England's 172-run win was against the Prime Ministers' XI in Canberra it could not hide the fact that this remains a squad with a host of problems as they try to claw back from 1-0 down in the one-day series. The decision to send Steven Finn home is sad but inevitable. His absence in Canberra, against a team of players who happened to be free from Big Bash League commitments, confirmed what was coming. To say it has been a sudden fall is not quite right, but his disintegration on this tour has been alarming and, often, painful to watch. The sight of the six foot seven inch bowler, who has terrorised ODI batsmen on the pace sapping tracks of India and the UAE, walking through a once ferocious action so tentatively, as training aids and water bottles were packed away, was a sad one. How can it be that the youngest Englishman to take 50 Tests wickets spends the last moments of training, deep into an Ashes tour, undergoing remedial work on his own? Much of the discussion around Finn's demise - and it absolutely is - emanates from alterations that have yet to benefit him. The suggestion that his country and

ENGLAND AT LEAST HAVE A WIN UNDER THEIR BELT HEADING INTO THE SECOND ONE-DAY INTERNATIONAL, BUT ANOTHER PLAYER JOINS THE LIST OF THOSE TO HEAD HOME EARLY AND JOE ROOT MAY HAVE TO BE DROPPED

county have been at loggerheads over what's best for him contradicts the noises made by all three parties involved. Whether dealing with David Saker and Kevin Shine at the ECB, or Middlesex's Richard Johnson, the indication is that messages to Finn have been clear. Over the last English summer, both sides liaised regularly, as amends were made. Middlesex's director of cricket Angus Fraser was not a fan of Finn's shortened run, but he was happy to admit that different things needed to be tried and tested. Even the Australians had little trouble sympathising with Finn. Brett Lee, captain of the Prime Ministers' XI, was "shocked" at the paucity of cricket he has played on this tour. "Where is Steven Finn?" has been a starter for chats over schooners in this part of the world for the last month. One question does remain: how much responsibility should Finn - a player who made his international debut in 2010 - be taking for his own troubles? At times for Middlesex last season he

smiTh sTars as sixers Take nail-biTer

Sydney: The Sydney Sixers held their nerve to register a vital seven-run win over the Hobart Hurricanes at the SCG. Steve Smith, the Sixers captain, was the star with both the bat and in the field with an outstanding halfcentury with two excellent outfield catches late in the game to deny the Hurricanes third spot on the Big Bash League table. Despite a challenging target of 180, the visitors were kept in the chase courtesy a delightful opening partnership of 98 in 10 overs between Tim Paine and Ben Dunk. Dunk survived a curious incident in the opening over. He flicked Brett Lee to short fine leg where Josh Hazlewood appeared to have taken the catch on the half-volley. Hazlewood was very unsure but Lee was adamant. Replays reprieved Dunk but Lee uncharacteristically lost his cool. Paine capitalised with pure class in Lee's second over. Two sweet drives for four, a powerful cut shot, and an eye catching swivel pull for six meant 21 runs had come off it. The Hurricanes openers were in complete command until Nathan Lyon's second over. Lyon appeared to have trouble gripping the ball and Paine punched a full toss for four moments after reaching an elegant half-century from just 26 balls. But then, inexplicably, Paine attempted a reverse paddle sweep and was sharply stumped by Dan Smith to halt the Hurricanes' momentum. Dunk charged Lyon two overs later and gifted the wicketkeeper his second stumping. When Jonathan Wells was trapped in front by Steve O'Keefe the game was firmly in the Sixers grasp. But with 63 needed off the last seven overs, Travis Birt almost pulled them out of the fire. His powerful 33 from 21 balls edged the Hurricanes within 16 runs of victory with nine balls remaining. Enter Steve Smith. He stood for an eternity under a towering skier from Birt's blade at deep midwicket and held the catch comfortably. Evan Gulbis was clean bowled next ball and Hazlewood nearly completed an unlikely hat-trick with Ben Laughlin top edging the last ball of the penultimate over between three converging fieldsmen. With 14 required from the final over Shoaib Malik drilled a flat tracer bullet to deep extra cover where Smith was again fortuitously positioned. The skipper held a catch and Lee then held his nerve to seal the win. Smith's batting was equally as important to the Sixers victory as his half-century was the backbone of their total of 6 for 179. AGENCIES

tried to bowl too fast, some believing he was approaching county matches like a net. But there were signs that genuine progress was being made. Against Derbyshire in August, he had the ignominy of completing a pair inside six hours in a County Championship encounter, but filled that time with a hostile spell of bowling (albeit for the reward of a single wicket). The sort of spell that suggested he was too good for that level. Neil Dexter, his captain in that match, was hopeful it was a sign of even greater things to come. Now he will be trying to remember what it felt like to be in control, bowling fast and straight. While not in same state as Finn, there are two more England cricketers who are starting to look as though this tour is the last place they want to be right now. Although it was a comfortable win in Canberra, the top order was again unconvincing as Alastair Cook and Joe Root both fell for 1. Neither was a surprise: Cook has had to lead the tour from hell and Root is showing the effects of his workload since his debut in December 2012. From then he has played 40 matches across all formats, seven more than the next busiest player who is Ian Bell. From No.6, to opener, back to No.6 to No.3 - Root has moved so many times within the English system it would make Craig Bellamy blush. Martyn Moxon, Yorkshire's director of cricket, has been particularly damning of England's handling of Root, who he feels should be starting at the top of the order.

MCC reiterates Test Championship support SPORTS DESK The MCC's world cricket committee, an influential if powerless voice in the affairs of the game, has reiterated its support for the creation of a World Test Championship (WTC), even as it appears the ICC has resolved to go down an alternative route. With broadcasters and commercial partners reluctant to back the concept, the MCC has attempted to keep the idea alive by demanding that two teams contest a WTC 'final', at the very least, in 2017. A planned first edition of the WTC, involving the top four teams in the ICC's Test rankings, was mooted for 2013 but had to be shelved due to broadcast deals already in place for the Champions Trophy. The next gap in the cycle will be 2017 but problems with the proposed format - in the event of drawn or rain-affected matches - and in stirring sponsor and TV interest

have undermined its viability. However, the world cricket committee, which includes former players such as Rahul Dravid, Andrew Strauss, Steve Waugh and Shaun Pollock and chaired by former England captain Mike Brearley, has called on the ICC to end uncertainty about the WTC and confirm its implementation in some form, to help safeguard

the future of Test cricket. In a statement, the MCC said: "Since its creation in 2006, the WCC have stated that everything possible should be done to promote and protect Test cricket, which it believes is the ultimate form of the game. The committee understands the commercial sensitivities and logistical issues surrounding the proposed World Test

Championship, but feels that a solution must be found. "Whilst the committee would ultimately like to see the currently-proposed four-team knockout competition proceed, it believes that a scaled-down version involving the top two teams in either a one-off Test final or Test series would still provide a context that the longest form of the game currently lacks in comparison to ODI and T20 cricket." The committee added that a championship involving just two teams was not ideal but "would be better than nothing". ESPNcricinfo understands, however, that the ICC is instead considering a two-tier system, with promotion and relegation. Worries about the predominance of bilateral series between the major Test-playing nations, to the detriment of countries such as New Zealand, Bangladesh and Zimbabwe - currently ranked eighth, ninth and tenth - has in part fuelled the MCC's concerns, amid a desire to give the fiveday game added context.

ICC MULLS TWO-TIER TEST CRICKET SPORTS DESK World cricket's custodians are to consider a revolutionary proposal to bring relegation and promotion to Test matches as a partial sop to the imminent death of the World Test Championship (WTC). The ICC executive board is expected to consider the proposal at the next round of meetings later this month, the same gathering expected to end any hopes for the WTC due to the reluctance of broadcasters and the lack of certainty around the format of an event that was postponed from its original 2013 launch date and re-launched for 2017 last October. The board will instead entertain the promotion/relegation plan, which will open up the possibility of nations like Ireland and Afghanistan earning their way into Test matches while at the same time placing the likes of Zimbabwe and Bangladesh on the precipice. It will be introduced on the "no disadvantage" condition that none of the current ICC Full Member nations would lose that status and its financial advantages. Instead, the Associate nations will have the chance to press for spots at the Test match table on the basis of performance against the lower-ranked Full Mem-

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bers. This would provide a strong incentive for nations currently playing Test matches to improve themselves while also offering opportunities for Associates to compete at the highest level of the game. Precise details of how promotion and relegation from Test cricket would work in practice are yet to be revealed, but the concept of play-offs for Test status every four years is believed to be one of the options under consideration. The idea of dividing Test cricket up into two tiers has

been debated for some time, with various noted voices on the game expressing opinions on its merits. In 2013, the former England captain Michael Vaughan suggested that the incentives provided by promotion and relegation would also add context and value to Test cricket, perhaps to the point of dissuading some players from fringe nations prioritising the IPL over representing their country at that time of year.


SPORTS 15

Thursday, 16 January, 2014

noT ouT! IHC REINSTATES ZAKA ASHRAF AS PCB CHAIRMAN ISLAMABAD

VILJOEN STARS IN NAMIBIA 91-RUN WIN SPORTS DESK Christi Viljoen's all-round heroics helped Namibia to a crushing 91-run win over Netherlands in Mount Maunganui. Batting first, Namibia's openers added 35 in 6.2 overs before both departed in quick succession. Sarel Burger, the captain, and Craig Williams built on their good work by adding 57 runs for the third wicket. Although Netherlands struck twice in three overs, Namibia were well in control as Gerrie Snyman (74) and Viljoen (46*) compiled an 85-run partnership to help take Namibia to 253 for 6. Mudassar Bukhari was the pick of the bowlers with figures of 3 for 40. The Netherlands chase began with Michael Swart and Wesley Barresi falling for low scores as Netherlands stumbled to 25 for 2. Peter Borren, the captain, and Stephan Myburgh added 40 before things came undone as Viljoen and Bernard Scholtz plucked three wickets in quick succession to leave Netherlands at a precarious 66 for 5. Michael Rippon hit a plucky 44 off 73 balls, but couldn't keep the chase on course as Netherlands succumbed to a 91-run loss. Viljoen once again starred with figures of 4 for 33. UAE captain Khurram Khan put in a solid performance with bat and ball to ensure his side maintained their undefeated record in New Zealand as they recorded a comfortable 80-run win over Canada in Rangiora. UAE posted an imposing 286 for 6 after winning the toss and batting first in an innings highlighted by a 130-run second wicket partnership between Khurram (88) and Amjad Ali (91). Khurram was eventually run out with six overs remaining while Ali was bowled by Khurram Chohan, who finished with Canada's best figures on the day taking 3 for 65, but the rest of the Canadian attack lacked penetration. In reply, Canada's top order was wiped out inside of five overs to leave them struggling at 9 for 3 before captain Jimmy Hansra partnered with Raza-ur-Rehman to resuscitate the innings with an 89-run partnership for the fourth wicket. However, UAE's bowling unit managed to keep the run rate down and Khurram eventually broke the stand by dismissing Rehman at the start of the 30th over for 43. With the required run rate getting out of hand and victory unlikely, Canada focused on batting out all 50 overs.

T

STAFF rEPorT

HE Islamabad High Court (IHC) restored Zaka Ashraf as the Pakistan Cricket Board’s (PCB) chairman on Wednesday. The decision to reinstate Ashraf was taken by a two-member division bench comprising Justice Noorul Haq N Qureshi and Justice Riaz Ahmed Khan. The court accepted the intra-court appeal against the decision by a single-member bench of IHC comprising Justice Shaukat Aziz Siddiqui. While speaking to the media, Ashraf said he never mixed politics with cricketing matters. “I want to maintain good working relations with all the stakeholders,” he said, adding that he will work according to the system and will not interfere in matters that fall outside his domain. “Our focus should be on working together to improve the standard of cricket in the country,” he said. APPOINTMENT ILLEGAL: On July 19, 2013, the Islamabad High Court had declared appointment of Ashraf “illegal” and directed the acting PCB chief Najam Sethi to hold elections within 90 days. In a 30-page detailed judgment, Justice Siddiqui had pointed out that Ashraf was not appointed on the basis of his ca-

watch it Live STAR CRICKET PAKISTAN VS SRI LANKA 3RD TEST DAY 1

reer as a cricketer, but because he was Zarai Taraqiati Bank Limited’s (ZTBL) president. While declaring illegal sections 28, 29, 30 and 31 of the PCB charter, the court had observed that these sections were unconstitutional and against democratic values. On May 28, 2013, the court had declared illegal his appointment in its short order after it was challenged by former coach of the army cricket team, Major (r) Ahmed Nadeem, citing mala fide intentions in the PCB election. Ashraf, 60, had been PCB chairman since October 2011. On May 8, 2013 Ashraf had become the elected head of the sport body, after winning a four-year term under a new constitution approved earlier last year. Ashraf was accused of corruption. There had been complaints against the ex-chairman for wasting the board’s money by appointing 68 employees on lucrative packages on the basis of favouritism and nepotism. He had also come under the radar for appointing army officials, who

had retired or were close to retirement. SMEAR CAMPAIGN: Ashraf had refuted the accusations, claiming that a group of people were trying to tarnish his image. “I’ve enjoyed a clean reputation whether being at PCB or ZTBL,” he had said. “Those who have filed cases against me are the ones who were terminated on corruption charges at ZTBL. “In my leadership, ZTBL had posted a profit of Rs12 billion, the highest by any bank in 50 years. I also tried to take the PCB to new heights by appointing professionals.” He had added that out of 68 appointees in his tenure most were ground staff while others were vigilance officials who were the need of the hour.

EXCITING TWO YEARS AHEAD FOR SL: FORD SPORTS DESK At the end of Graham Ford's penultimate training session as coach, the Sri Lanka cricketers worked themselves up to a frenzy in anticipation of a challenge that has brewed for some time. Padded up and wielding willow, physio Steve Mount stepped into one of the practice nets at Sharjah Stadium and took a middle-stump guard with umpire Kumar Sangakkara's assistance. 
 At the bowler's end, Sri Lanka's smallest player Kaushal Silva marked out a run-up: about a dozen paces for someone of average height, but no less than 20 for him. A wicketkeeper by trade, his task was to dismiss the batsman in three overs. Silva set an imaginary field and ran in hard.


 The first ball was defended solidly, but Silva saw enough cause to approach Mount, chest puffed out, malice in his eyes. His team-mates howled in enjoyment as the protagonists hammed up the dramedy. No one remarked Silva would have had to pitch it less than a metre from the bowling crease if he wanted to bounce Mount, perhaps because the joke was a little obvious.


With only few balls to go, Silva struck Mount low on the front pad and went up in raucous appeal. Sangakkara raised his finger, along with several others, and sent Silva into raptures, sprinting up and down the net. Mount asked for a review, but there was not enough evi-

dence in the footage - shot by the team analyst - to overturn the decision. 

 After the shouts had subsided and his team had cleared out, Ford reflected on the event. "There's been a lot of talk on the bus - every day the challenge has been the main topic. It just shows the lads are in a good place in terms of team spirit and getting on together." Seemingly not the gregarious type, Ford has nonetheless had much to do with his team's high spirits. He has overseen a year of intensive transition in the top team, and in the first two Tests in the UAE, Sri Lanka's investment in youth has begun to pay dividends. After the third Test, Ford will end his two-year stint with Sri Lanka, handing over to Paul Farbrace. "From a performance point of view, during my time, we've seen some of these young players really start to put their hands up an make runs. Some of the Test match records for some of the younger players have been great. If look at your Test statistics of Dinesh Chandimal and Lahiru Thirimanne, and now we see Kaushal Silva coming into Test cricket - they have been good. Dimuth Karunaratne is developing.

11:00 AM

FINN RETURNS HOME TO REBUILD CAREER

SPORTS DESK Steven Finn will fly home from the tour of Australia after the England management conceded that his form and confidence have deserted him to such an extent that he is now not a viable selection option. Ashley Giles, the limited-overs coach, believes he now needs a complete break from cricket for a period of time before trying to get his career back on track. He was originally named in both the one-day and Twenty20 squads but doubts persisted as to whether he would be able to resurrect his tour. He did not play the opening ODI in Melbourne and the writing was on the wall when he was left out of the Prime Minister's XI match in Canberra. "Sometimes through your career you go through those ups and downs and his timing is out," Giles said. "That then can affect your confidence and certainly it is not coming out as quickly as he would like either. "I suppose he has been in this state for at least a couple of months and it hasn't worked. We feel now that it is best to take him out of it. Sometimes you do have to do that, you take guys back. At the moment Steven needs a bit of space in the very short term he probably needs a couple of weeks away from cricket full stop. Steven is not selectable at the moment.'' When named in the Ashes squad Finn was one of the quartet of tall fast bowlers England planned to play a key role in the Test series. Ultimately Finn did not appear in the series and was not really close to selection after a poor warm-up period.

MUNRO OUT OF NEW ZEALAND ODI SQUAD

SA ROUT IRELAND FOR 53 TO REACH FINAL SPORTS DESK South Africa women reached the finals of the tri-series by routing Ireland women for 53, and chasing it with ease. Ireland have lost three of their four matches, with the fourth being abandoned. South Africa's decision to field paid off as they dismissed Ireland's top six for 15 runs. After Ireland lost the first two wickets for 13, Chloe Tryon and Dane van Niekerk shared the next four wickets to reduce Ireland to 17 for 6. Melissa Scott-Hayward and Mary Waldron halted the collapse for a bit, surviving for the next nine overs. But Marizanne Kapp took two quick wickets to leave them at 38 for 8. The last two batsmen also resisted for a bit before Scott-Hayward became the last wicket to fall, for 71-ball 20. Van Niekerk finished with 3 for 8 from 5.3 overs and Tryon, Kapp and Shabnim Ismail took two each. South Africa openers Lizelle Lee and Trisha Chetty started slow in their chase before both fell in quick succession in consecutive overs for 15 and 24 respectively. Mignon du Preez and Kapp took them home in the 14th over for their first win

of the series. Du Preez was pleased with the efforts of her team, especially in light of the fact of the way they were trounced by Pakistan in their previous match."We learned a lot from our game against Pakistan," du Preez said. "The bowlers did extremely well playing on a different track. Keeping them under 55 was excellent work by them. We

still have a bit of work to do when it comes to chasing the score, we unfortunately lost a couple of wickets but that is still something that can be addressed before we play Pakistan again." Table-toppers Pakistan and South Africa will play the last league game on Wednesday before the series final on Friday.

SCorEboArd IrELANd WoMEN INNINGS CMA Shillington run out (†Chetty) 4 CNIM Joyce c van Niekerk b Ismail 5 ELC Flanagan c Fritz b Tryon 2 EJ Tice c & b Tryon 3 IMHC Joyce* lbw b van Niekerk 1 rA rolfe c du Preez b van Niekerk 0 MEMo Scott-Hayward c Letsoalo b van Niekerk 20 MV Waldron† c van Niekerk b Kapp 8 LN McCarthy c †Chetty b Kapp 0 LK o'reilly lbw b Ismail 2 AJ Kenealy not out 2 EXTrAS (b 2, w 3, nb 1) 6 ToTAL: (all out; 35.4 overs) 53 FALL oF WICKETS 1-9 (Shillington, 4.6 ov), 2-13 (CNIM Joyce, 8.3 ov), 3-16 (Flanagan, 11.3 ov), 4-17 (IMHC Joyce, 12.1 ov), 5-17 (rolfe, 12.5 ov), 6-17 (Tice, 15.2 ov), 7-38 (Waldron, 24.1 ov), 838 (McCarthy, 24.2 ov), 9-46 (o'reilly, 28.2 ov), 10-53 (Scott-Hayward, 35.4 ov) boWLING: S Ismail 10-7-5-2, Kapp 7-0-16-2, CL Tryon 8-3-10-

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2, d van Niekerk 5.4-2-8-3, S Loubser 2-0-5-0, MM Letsoalo 3-1-7-0-2.33 SoUTH AFrICA WoMEN L Lee run out (Scott-Hayward) 15 T Chetty† c o'reilly b IMHC Joyce 24 M du Preez* not out 6 M Kapp not out 5 EXTrAS (w 3, nb 1) 4 ToTAL (2 wickets; 13.5 overs) 54 dId NoT bAT SA Fritz, d van Niekerk, S Loubser, S Luus, CL Tryon, S Ismail, MM Letsoalo FALL oF WICKETS 1-43 (Lee, 11.6 ov), 2-46 (Chetty, 12.4 ov) boWLING: LN McCarthy 5-0-21-0, AJ Kenealy 3-1-8-0, EJ Tice 3.5-0-21-0, IMHC Joyce 2-0-4-1, Match details Toss South Africa Women, who chose to field Points South Africa Women 2, Ireland Women 0 Player of the match d van Niekerk (South Africa Women) Umpires Kamal Merchant (Pakistan) and Nadeem Malik (Pakistan) Match referee GF Labrooy (Sri Lanka)

SPORTS DESK New Zealand have made just one change to their ODI squad for the series against India, with batsman Colin Munro missing out. Fast bowler Tim Southee, who had missed the first half of the ODI series against West Indies with a toe injury but recovered for the latter part, comes into the 13 in Munro's place. Bruce Edgar, New Zealand's general manager national selection, said the squad had been retained as a reward for its strong showing against West Indies in the preceding series. "It was pleasing to see every player stand up at some stage of that series," Edgar said. "There were some simply outstanding efforts headlined by Corey Anderson's world-record oneday ton." New Zealand had squared the West Indies ODIs 2-2. In the third ODI, Anderson had hit a hundred in 36 balls, breaking Shahid Afridi's long-standing record for the fastest ODI century.


SPORTS Thursday, 16 January, 2014

PAKISTAN NOT THE

favourites anymore

a

s an engrossing tour winds up, Pakistan find themselves in need of a considerable change in momentum to draw the series, while sri Lanka seek to build on the significant improvements they have achieved in the Tests so far. suggestions that Pakistan were favourites, in the approach to the contest, seem distant now. Pakistan might have entered the series on a high, but find themselves on the back foot in the final Test. Their pace attack remains a decent threat, but has been unproductive so far, while spinners have struggled on pitches without much turn. The inconsistency of the top order has also affected Pakistan's combination. Mohammad Hafeez was rewarded for his one-day form but he failed to extend his aptitude in the longer-format of the game, scoring 11, 80*, 21 and 1 at No. 3, while Ahmed shehzad has also failed. The selection of Hafeez and shehzad meant that the specialist No. 3 batsman, Azhar Ali, and shan Masood were benched. In Dubai, sri Lanka were in control of the match from the second session on day one until they hit the winning runs on the fifth afternoon. Consistency from their fast bowlers was key to that victory, but the batsmen have all worked themselves into form as well, with Nos 1 to 7 hitting half-centuries. Kumar sangakkara has, in the past, been sri Lanka's sledgehammer against Pakistan, but among the more unexpected features of the 1-0 lead is that he has only contributed modestly towards it. He has played saeed Ajmal exceedingly well in the past, but even without a big innings from him, sri Lanka's batsmen have played Ajmal safely, if not always with ease. Misbah-ul-Haq has called for a dry pitch in sharjah and, if he gets his wish, it will be clear whether the sri Lanka batsmen were just fortunate to play Ajmal on unresponsive surfaces, or whether they have collectively learned to neutralise him as no other team has done in recent years. As a team, sri Lanka have also played within themselves, adhering strictly and persistently to the plans of attack devised in the dressing room. At times, Pakistan have tried to wear sri Lanka down, only to find their opponents were more resilient. Awash with inexperience, sri Lanka will not want to change a good thing, so it may be up to Pakistan to change the tempo of the cricket in order to put the visitors under pressure. Dimuth Karunaratne has deserved his extended stretch in the national team after sustained excellence at the A-team level,

RONCHI FIFTY SEALS SERIES WIN WEllingTOn

Scoreboard

aGeNcIeS

Luke Ronchi played a second consecutive match-winning innings to not only win the Twenty20 series for New Zealand at the Westpac stadium but also indicate that his flagging international career might have turned a corner. His 51 off 28 balls, a maiden T20 half-century scored at a similar pace to his blitz at Eden Park, and his 68run partnership with Ross Taylor revived a stumbling chase, ensuring West Indies could not make a late comeback to level the series, like they had in the ODIs. Their efforts backed up clinical spells from Nathan McCullum and Adam Milne, who had conceded less than a run a ball and taken wickets round the halfway stage of West Indies' innings, to limit them to a par score on a ground with large boundaries. That the visitors got to 159 was only because Denesh Ramdin, who replaced Kieran Powell, also scored his maiden T20 fifty, in his 36th game. Ronchi had averaged only 15 in 13 ODI innings for New Zealand and it's arguable that he lasted this long only because Brendon McCullum hasn't been fit enough to keep wickets. He was Man of the Match in the first T20 and he began his innings today with New Zealand having slipped from 36 for 1 to 79 for 5, needing 81 off 57 deliveries. He was watchful for his first few balls, before moving back into his crease to hoist Nikita Miller's spin into the stands beyond midwicket. Ronchi then changed the game in the 15th over. With New Zealand needed 54 off 36, he carted Dwayne Bravo over deep midwicket and glanced to fine leg to take 16 runs off six balls. He continued to score boundaries off sunil Narine and Jason Holder in the overs that followed, so

WeST INdIeS INNINGS 29 LMP SIMMoNS c NeeShaM b MccLeNaGhaN 7 J charLeS c GuPTILL b MILNe 40 adS FLeTcher ruN ouT (MuNro/MILNe/†roNchI) dJ bravo* b NL MccuLLuM 12 caK WaLToN c †roNchI b MILNe 0 d raMdIN† NoT ouT 55 10 ad ruSSeLL NoT ouT eXTraS (Lb 2, W 4) 6 ToTaL (5 WIcKeTS; 20 overS) 159 dId NoT baT Jo hoLder, No MILLer, SP NarINe, TL beST FaLL oF WIcKeTS 1-22 (charLeS, 3.6 ov), 2-37 (SIMMoNS, 5.5 ov), 3-66 (bravo, 9.4 ov), 4-67 (WaLToN, 10.3 ov), 5-137 (FLeTcher, 17.4 ov) boWLING” MJ MccLeNaGhaN 4-0-29-1, aF MILNe 4-0-22-2, JdS NeeShaM 4-0-39-0, cJ aNderSoN 4-0-50-0, NL MccuLLuM 4-0-17-1 NeW ZeaLaNd INNINGS MJ GuPTILL c †raMdIN b hoLder 1 Jd ryder c SIMMoNS b hoLder 23 17 bb MccuLLuM* LbW b NarINe LrPL TayLor c WaLToN b NarINe 39

5 c MuNro c MILLer b ruSSeLL 6 cJ aNderSoN c charLeS b ruSSeLL 51 L roNchI† NoT ouT 14 JdS NeeShaM NoT ouT eXTraS (Lb 3, W 4) 7 ToTaL (6 WIcKeTS; 19 overS) 163 dId NoT baT NL MccuLLuM, aF MILNe, MJ MccLeNaGhaN FaLL oF WIcKeTS 1-8 (GuPTILL, 0.6 ov), 2-36 (ryder, 2.5 ov), 3-49 (bb MccuLLuM, 5.2 ov), 4-69 (MuNro, 8.1 ov), 5-79 (aNderSoN, 10.3 ov), 6-147 (TayLor, 17.4 ov) boWLING: Jo hoLder 3-0-34-2, TL beST 3-0-37-0, dJ bravo 3-0-31-0, SP NarINe 4-0-18-2, No MILLer 3-0-24-0, ad ruSSeLL 3-0-16-2 MaTch deTaILS ToSS WeST INdIeS, Who choSe To baT SerIeS NeW ZeaLaNd WoN The 2-MaTch SerIeS 2-0 T20I debuT Jo hoLder (WeST INdIeS) PLayer oF The MaTch L roNchI (NeW ZeaLaNd) uMPIreS Gav baXTer aNd cb GaFFaNey Tv uMPIre dJ WaLKer MaTch reFeree bc broad (eNGLaNd) reServe uMPIre Wr KNIGhTS

when New Zealand's anchor Ross Taylor fell, there was not much more to do. The equation had come down to 13 off 12 balls and Tino Best began the penultimate over with two dots. Jimmy Neesham then got an outside edge that screamed to the third-man boundary and put the next into the midwicket crowd, before hooking to finish the chase with an over to spare. Had West Indies taken the numerous opportunities they created, however, they might have finished their tour on a high. Ryder was dropped by Johnson Charles off the third ball of the chase, and went on to make 23 off 9; Brendon McCullum scored 7 more after he was dropped by Chadwick Walton on 10; and Taylor was on 5 and yards out of his crease when Walton missed a direct hit from cover. Taylor went on to be the steadying hand New Zealand needed, shelving his penchant for leg-side lofts during his 39 off 41 balls. Unlike West Indies, New Zealand were ace in the field. Martin Guptill set the stan-

dard when he ran to his left on the deep backward square leg boundary to catch Charles on the hook. And when Lendl simmons's was caught at point, West Indies were 37 for 2 after six overs with both Bravo and Andre Fletcher yet to score. Nathan McCullum bowled Bravo and did not concede a boundary in his spell, while Milne combined pace with accuracy to not concede more than six in any of his overs. They reduced West Indies to 67 for 4 in the 11th over, but the rest of New Zealand's bowlers were expensive. Fletcher hit Corey Anderson for two consecutive fours, and Ramdin took him for consecutive sixes in successive overs, and he finished with figures of 4-0-50-0. Ramdin and Fletcher also ran hard between the wickets - keeping the number of dots in the innings to 41 - and they were eventually separated by a run-out. West Indies had scored 58 off the last five overs, but their top order had scored too few before that and their fielders let them down.

SPORTS DESK

but he is yet to seal his place atop the innings. A natural strokemaker, particularly gifted through the leg side, Karunaratne has had the habit of making good starts before falling prey to his own ambition and playing one stroke too many. There is enough in his cricket to convince fans and selectors that he can succeed in Tests, but in a series where many others in the top-order have outshone him, at least one score above fifty in sharjah will put him at ease ahead of the Bangladesh tour. saeed Ajmal is under the spotlight once again. He was wicketless in the second innings in Abu Dhabi for 49 overs, conceding 115 runs, and had to wait another 28.2 overs in Dubai to take his first wicket, making the stretch 77.2 overs. He is desperate to put his fluctuating form in the last two Tests behind him. The track in sharjah looks flatter and if a batting-friendly pitch is prepared, it may help the team batting first. The pitch is also expected to offer turn from the third day. Pakistan will be forced to bring in a bowler in place of pacer Bilawal Bhatti, who injured his hamstring during the second Test and may look to add leftarm spinner Abdur Rehman to strengthen their spin reserves. Junaid Khan is the leading wickettaker in the series, with 11 scalps at 26.09. PaKISTaN (ProbabLe): 1. Shan Masood/ahmed Shehzad, 2. Khurram Manzoor, 3. Mohammad hafeez/azhar ali, 4. younis Khan, 5. Misbah-ul-haq (capt), 6. asad Shafiq 7. Sarfaraz ahmed (wk), 8. Saeed ajmal, 9. rahat ali/Mohammad Talha, 10. Junaid Khan, 11. abdur rehman SrI LaNKa (ProbabLe): 1. dimuth Karunaratne, 2. Kaushal Silva, 3. Kumar Sangakkara, 4. Mahela Jayawardene, 5. dinesh chandimal, 6. angelo Mathews (capt), 7. Prasanna Jayawardene (wk), 8. Sachithra Senanayake/ dilruwan Perera/Nuwan Pradeep, 9 Shaminda eranga, 10 rangana herath, 11 Suranga Lakmal

PAKISTAN'S EVEN RECORD AT SHARJAH S PERvEz QaiSER The third and final Test match between Pakistan and sri Lanka will be played at sharjah Cricket Association stadium from today. This will be the second Test match between the two teams and sixth overall at the sharjah Cricket Association stadium who has hosted more one day internationals than any other ground sharjah was once a popular venue for neutral one day international matches and tri-series and has hosted 215 one-day internationals, 24 of those between India and Pakistan. However, the venue received a blow when India, who had played 72 one-dayers in sharjah, stopped playing there. The ground hosted its debut Test in 2002, but after 2003 did not have any international cricket till it was named as Afghanistan’s home ground in 2010, and hosted two one day internationals between them and Canada. After a gap of eight years, Pakistan played against sri Lanka at this ground in 2011.

The stadium had disintegrated in the absence of top-flight cricket but is now being brought back up to top standard. sharjah has many Pakistani and sri Lankan followers who will now be able to watch their teams. Pakistan have won two, lost two and draw one in five Test matches played at this ground. They beat West Indies in 2-0 in two-Test series in 2002 while Australia defeated Pakistan in two matches of three matches series in October 2002. The first match of the series was played in Colombo which also won by Australia. The only Test match played here in 2011 between Pakistan and sri Lanka was drawn. After listless performances in the first two Tests in the United Arab Emirates, Pakistan spinner saeed Ajmal has called for pitches that provide more support for spinners. He rued the lack of help from the surfaces in Dubai and Abu Dhabi, after managing only five wickets in those two matches but has vowed to bounce back in the sharjah Test.

TeST MaTcheS aT SharJah TEAM AUSTRALIA PAKISTAN SRI LANKA WEST INDIES

P 2 5 1 2

W 2 2 -

L 2 2

D 1 1 -

SUCCESS% 100.00 50.00 50.00 00.00

hIGheST INNINGS ToTaLS 493 PAKISTAN V WEST INDIES 2001-02 472 PAKISTAN V WEST INDIES 2001-02 444 AUSTRALIA V PAKISTAN 2002-03 413 SRI LANKA V PAKISTAN 2011-12 366 WEST INDIES V PAKISTAN 2001-02 LOWEST INNINGS TOTALS: 53 PAKISTAN V AUSTRALIA 2002-03 59 PAKISTAN V AUSTRALIA 2002-03 171 WEST INDIES V PAKISTAN 2001-02 189 WEST INDIES V PAKISTAN 2001-02 203 PAKISTAN V AUSTRALIA 2002-03

Published by Arif Nizami at Plot # 7, Al-Baber Centre, F/8 Markaz, Islamabad.

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hIGheST INdIvIduaL ScoreS 153 YOUNIS KHAN (PAKISTAN) V WEST INDIES 2001-02 150 RASHID LATIF (PAKISTAN) V WEST INDIES 2001-02 150 RICKY PONTING (AUSTRALIA) V PAKISTAN 2002-03 146 MOHAMMED YOUSUF (PAKISTAN) V W.INDIES 2001-02 144 KUMAR SANGAKKARA (SRI LANKA)V PAKISTAN 2011-12

beST boWLING IN aN INNINGS 5-24 SHOAIB AKHTAR (PAKISTAN) V WEST INDIES 2001-02 5-74 SHANE WARNE (AUSTRALIA) V PAKISTAN 2002-03 5-87 CHANAKA WELEGEDARA (SRI LANKA) V PAK 2011-12 4-11 SHANE WARNE (AUSTRALIA) V PAKISTAN 2002-03 4-13 SHANE WARNE (AUSTRALIA) V PAKISTAN 2002-03

boWLING IN a MaTch 8-24 SHANE WARNE (AUSTRALIA) V PAKISTAN 2002-03 8-130 SHANE WARNE (AUSTRALIA) V PAKISTAN 2002-03 7-59 GLENN MCGRATH (AUSTRALIA) V PAKISTAN 2002-03 7-182 SAEED AJMAL (PAKISTAN) V SRI LANKA 2011-12 6-106 CHANAKA WELEGEDARA (SRI LANKA) V PAK 2011-12

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