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Saturday, 8 February, 2014 Rabi-us-Sani 6, 1435 Rs 17.00 Vol IV No 222 16 Pages Islamabad Edition

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02 NEWS

Saturday, 8 February, 2014

Sharia or buSt! TTP NEGOTIATORS SUFFER BLOW AS LAL MASJID’S ABDUL AZIZ PULLS OUT OF TALKS ISLAMABAD MIAN ABRAR

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HE Taliban’s nominated dialogue committee on Friday suffered a blow after radical Lal Masjid cleric Abdul Aziz pulled himself out of dialogue process. Now the Taliban’s team is left with only two members. There has been widespread scepticism about the chances of the peace initiative achieving a lasting solution to the TTP’s bloody seven-year insurgency. It was Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Chairman Imran Khan who dis-

CLERIC SAYS CONSTITUTION SHOULD BE REPLACED BY QURAN AND SUNNAH tanced himself from the Taliban’s team soon after the TTP announced named of their committee. A day later, JUI-F chief Fazlur Rahman announced that Kifayatullah, another member of the committee, would not partake in talks as his party had not been consulted before including his name. Aziz announced his decision at a press conference. He said he would not be part of the talks until the government negotiated in the parameters of the Quran and Sunnah rather than the Constitution. His decision comes a day after teams representing the government and Tehreek-e-Taliban

2 cops dead in Khanewal suicide bombing KHANEWAL: As many as two Elite Force officials were killed and several others injured in a suicide bombing in Khanewal on Friday, a private TV channel reported. Two Elite Force vans were parked on the 84 bridge in Khanewal when two suspects riding a motorcycle stopped near them and the suicide bomber blew himself up. The second suspect has been arrested. According to another account of event, police were tipped off about movement of the suspected terrorists. When they tried to intercept the suspects, they opened fire on the police. Three suspects were killed in the exchange of fire, while one blew himself up. The target of the bombing is yet to be determined. STAFF REPORT

FC man killed, five injured in turbat attack TURBAT: A Frontier Constabulary (FC) official was killed and five others injured when terrorists attacked a check post on Friday. According to a private TV channel, a rocket fired by terrorists from an unidentified location hit an FC check post in Mand area of Turbat. As a result of attack one security official was killed on the spot while five others sustained wounds. The injured FC men were shifted to hospital where according to medics condition of two of them was critical and it was feared that death toll could rise further. INP

house blown up in Peshawar PESHAWAR: Unidentified terrorists on Friday bombed a house, but no human loss was reported. Police said that unknown militants had planted explosives outside a house in Danishabad area in suburbs of Peshawar which exploded with a big bang. As a result, the main gate and a portion of the house were damaged but the residents remained unhurt. The police registered a case against unidentified miscreants and started investigation. INP

Pakistan (TTP) held a preliminary round of talks in Islamabad. Aziz said the constitution should be replaced by the Quran and the hadith. “That should be the law in Pakistan and until the committee brings this point on the agenda I won’t be part of negotiations,” he told reporters at the press conference with his followers totting guns. He said he would remain part of the TTP’s three-man delegation led by JUI-S chief Samiul Haq, but would not come to the negotiating table. “I won’t participate in talks until they include a clause about the imposition of Islamic law,” he said. On Thursday, the government and TTP negotiators, including Aziz, issued a joint statement agreeing to work within the framework of the constitution. Aziz’s move threatened to further undermine the talks. The government side has already voiced doubts about

the composition and authority of the TTP representatives. The Taliban’s team is likely to visit North Waziristan in a few days as government-proposed peace talks move ahead. According to TTP team coordinator Yusuf Shah, the three-member committee, comprising Samiul Haq, Abdul Aziz and Prof Muhammad Ibrahim, would meet another body of Taliban somewhere in North Waziristan in the next few days. The team will hold its meeting with a nine-member ‘monitoring’ committee formed by the Taliban. It comprises of Qari Shakil Haqqani, Umar Khalid Khurasani, Qari Bashir, Azam Tariq, Shahidullah Shahid, Asmatullah Muavia and others. Sources said the Taliban’s negotiation team is also reviewing Federal Information Minister Pervez Rashid’s offer for transportation through a helicopter.

MAJ AMIR FLAYS AZIZ FOR DEMANDING SHARIA ISLAMABAD: One day after the first meeting between the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan and government peace committees, inside stories of the meeting have started unfolding. According to sources, government negotiator Major (r) Amir lashed out at the Taliban peace committee member and Lal Masjid cleric Abdul Aziz for issuing statements to media on conditioning peace talks with imposing sharia in the country. According to details, Major (r) Amir criticised Aziz, whilst the advisor to the PM Irfan Siddiqui also demanded an inquiry against Aziz for making contacts with TTP chief Mullah Fazlullah. Siddiqui said that the news circulating on different news channels created hurdles for the government. Sources said that due to Aziz’s statements, overall atmosphere of the meeting remained tensed but after sometime, interference of the other members relaxed it. Moreover, Samiul Haq said that if the crossfire of statements continued on media, then it could create obstacles for the negotiations process. Earlier, Aziz had stated that enforcement of shariah was lacking in the agenda of peace talks and for this reason he had signalled of his possible detachment from the process. AGENCIES

Kaptaan forecasts All steps to be taken peace talks’ failure for peace: Rashid PTI CHAIRMAN SAYS HE DISAGREES WITH TTP’S INTERPRETATION OF SHARIA ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

Peace talks between the government and Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) will probably fail and a resulting military operation would lead to more violence, said Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Chairman Imran Khan on Friday. In an interview with the New Yorkbased news website, Imran was quoted as saying, “The most likely result is that the negotiations will start, there will be about three or four big explosions and terrorist attacks and the negotiations will be called off.” “There will be people baying for blood and the operation will start,” he claimed. Speaking about the US drone campaign, the PTI chief said the talks would only be meaningful if America announced an end to drone strikes. “If the US stops drone attacks, announces stopping the drone attacks during the talks, it would be a big plus point,” he stressed. He further accused the US of sabotaging an earlier effort at talks with a November 1 drone attack that killed TTP top terrorist Hakimullah Mehsud. “The US doesn’t want peace talks here or peace in Pakistan while they are leaving Afghanistan,” the report quoted Imran. “The thinking is that if they [insurgents] are engaged here, they would not be going across to fight.” The PTI head criticised Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif for waiting too long after the May election to start talks with the TTP. He said the state negotiation team also reflected lack of seriousness. “If I was him, I would lead it myself; it’s too important an issue for Pakistan,” he said. Commenting on why the TTP named him as a negotiator from their

CLAIMS LOBBY HAS BEEN MALIGNING HIM WITH FALSE LABELS SUCH AS ‘TALIBAN KHAN’ side, Imran boasted that they trust him to withstand US pressures. Stressing that he disagrees with TTP’s interpretation of sharia, Imran said, “Clearly, I don’t represent Taliban.” He also said that in the nine accords the Pakistan Army had signed earlier with the TTP, there had been no conditionality of imposition of sharia. He said that his consistent assertion that the TTP terrorism was directly the result of the US war on terror has once again been validated as the main demands of the TTP were related to Pakistan, extricating itself from the war on terror and the stoppage of drone attacks. He said that in this connection, US President Obama’s decision to reduce drone usage because of its negative fallout on the population of the target areas is also recognition of the PTI position on drones exacerbating terrorism in Pakistan. The PTI head stressed that he had always opposed military action, including the sending of the military into FATA in 2004. He said, “It has always been evident, and never more starkly than today, that the dollar-dependent lobby has been deliberately maligning me with false labels such as Taliban Khan, simply to draw attention away from the clear link between the US war on terror and terrorism in Pakistan.” In addition, Khan asserted that pro-war political parties – some with leaders self-exiled in the West; others exposed as having taken huge dollar amounts; and still others part of the US-brokered NRO (Condoleezza Rice has claimed her role in this in her book) – were deliberately opposing peace through dialogue with false narratives.

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INFO MINISTER SAYS GOVT COMMITTEE MULLING TTP TEAM DEMAND TO MEET PM, COAS AND ISI DG ISLAMABAD INP

Information Minister Pervaiz Rashid on Friday said that all steps would be taken to bring peace in the country. Speaking to reporters, Rashid said the government committee was taking into consideration the demand by the Taliban committee to meet the prime minister, army chief and director general Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI). He said the government was awaiting recommendations from its negotiators on the demand put forth by the Taliban committee, adding

that whatever recommendations are brought forward would be facilitated and implemented by the government. To a question regarding demand of the Taliban committee to be provided a helicopter due to security threats, Rashid said even if they had to carry someone on their shoulders to ensure peace, they would. Rashid said the stance of the government committee was that the scope of dialogue be kept limited to insurgencyhit areas of the country. Advocating the government’s negotiations, he said, “It’s a tool to prevent all illegal ways and adopt constitu-

tional methods.” “Even the US and UK have held negotiations with rebels and militant groups, so why not we? It’s not an illegal and unconstitutional way,” he affirmed and said the US has clarified that dialogue with the Taliban is Pakistan’s internal matter. When asked about former president General (r) Pervez Musharraf not appearing before the special court, Rashid said he had given Musharraf a ‘free’ advice of appearing in the court. He said that Musharraf hired top lawyers but still got trapped. Rashid said legislation and organisation of local bodies election is a provincial subject, arguing that some legal glitches were delaying the election process across the country. The minister said political parties were ready for the polls but some legal complications were delaying the process.

TTP should be removed from list of banned groups: Malik ISLAMABAD ONLINE

Former interior minister Rehman Malik on Friday said the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) should be removed from the list of outlawed groups in order to make negotiations successful. Interacting with reporters outside the Parliament House, Malik said that the Taliban should halt attacks and include their representatives in talks. He said that troubled areas should

be determined first on the issue of talks. “If Taliban announce ceasefire, their name should be removed from banned groups to complete the first phase of talks,” he opined. There is no use of talking of Mullah Fazlullah alone. Other groups can also sabotage the negotiations.” Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif is sincere, but the outcome of talks should not be like Malakand and Swat. To a question, he said that Pervez Musharraf’s matter should be left to courts to

decide. He, however, advised the former president to appear before the court for his own good. He said the PTI and JUI-F made the right decision to distance themselves from the dialogue process.


Saturday, 8 February, 2014

NEWS

03

CoMMando SKiPS Court again MUSHARRAF TOLD TO APPEAR IN COURT ON 18TH

SC DISMISSES FORMER PRESIDENT’S REQUEST AGAINST ARREST WARRANT

ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

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HE special court on Friday allowed former president Pervez Musharraf to appear before the court on February 18 after his lawyers assured the bench of his attendance. Since the start of the trial in December 2013, Musharraf has not appeared before the court. The special court – formed to try him for treason – issued bailable arrest warrants against him on January 31 and he was due to appear today. Musharraf’s lawyers, however, requested for a delay and guaranteed he will appear on February 18. Earlier, the security forces had arrived at the Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology (AFIC) to take Musharraf to

the special court. During today’s hearing at the National Library, Anwar Mansoor – senior counsel on Musharraf’s legal team – said the special court wishes to bring Musharraf to court and indict him. Mansoor argued that it was necessary that Musharraf’s requests challenging the formation of the special court are addressed before the former president is tried. Musharraf faces treason charges under Article 6 for suspending, subverting and abrogating the constitution, imposing an emergency in the country in November 2007 and detaining judges of the superior courts. The 70-year-old retired general is currently hospitalised at AFIC in

talks with Pakistan will depend on circumstances: indian FM NEW DELHI ONLINE

India on Friday reacted with caution to Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif’s invitation to engage in dialogue, saying it would depend on circumstances which have to be considered “thoughtfully”, the Press Trust of India reported. “They must have sent an invite which will go to the prime minister. The prime minister will apply his mind. It will all depend on the circumstances which have to be considered thoughtfully,” External Affairs Minister Salman Khurshid told reporters. Nawaz on Wednesday invited India to engage in a “comprehensive, sustained and result-oriented” dialogue to resolve the Kashmir issue. “I invite India for a comprehensive, sustained and result-oriented” dialogue for the resolution of the Kashmir issue, Sharif had said while addressing a joint session of Azad Kashmir s assembly. Noting that circumstances had led India to suspend dialogue with Pakistan, Khurshid said, “Circumstances must be befitting to be revived”. Though relations have improved “undoubtedly”, there is still a lot of work to be done, he said. “I believe my colleague Anand Sharma is going to Pakistan on trade talks. Let me see what happens,” Khurshid said.

Rawalpindi. He was rushed to the AFIC and admitted there over a month ago, after he complained of chest pain en route to the court. SECURITy MEASURES: Three possible routes were set out between the AFIC and the special court and at least 1,100 security personnel were on duty to ensure Musharraf’s security. Large contingents of police and Rangers, including elite forces were standing guard at the National Library and AFIC as well as on parts of Airport Road, Murree Road, Express Highway and Mall Road. The Bomb Disposal Squad (BDS) also swept the area to check for explosives. On February 4, the former army chief had challenged the special court’s order regarding the issuance of a bailable warrant, along with its January 10 order on the applicability of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) in the Supreme Court. The SC today dismissed Musharraf’s request against the arrest warrant.

Isn’t Musharraf’s extension surprise enough? ISLAMABAD: Pervez Musharraf’s lawyer faced embarrassment after he failed to deliver on a promise that he would spring a surprise in today’s hearing of the treason trial of the former Pakistani military ruler. Ahmed Raza Kasuri was boycotted by the media after he refused to apologise for claiming on Thursday that there would be an “element of surprise” at the hearing in a special court formed to try Musharraf for imposing emergency in 2007. “Yes, the element of surprise was that Musharraf didn’t turn up despite having accepted the warrant,” a sheepish Kasuri said. The court directed Musharraf to appear on February 18 or face a non-bailable arrest warrant after he skipped today’s hearing. Kasuri had said the defence lawyers had decided their strategy but would not tell the media about it. “We want an element of surprise,” he had said. Putting on a brave front today, he said, “See the prosecution and judges were surprised

India plans wall along LoC, NA told ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

National Security Advisor Sartaj Aziz on Friday told the National Assembly that India to build a concrete wall along the Line of Control (LoC) in Sialkot sector. In a written statement, he said work on 41 km long and 10 meter high wall hadn’t started yet, and the Indian

authorities had been accordingly conveyed message to refrain from materializing this project. He also said that during last eight years, Iran had set free 46 prisoners, and India released 725 Pakistanis. During the same period, Pakistan set free 1801 Indian prisoners, he added. On behalf of the advisor on foreign affairs‚ Khurram

Dastagir Khan said Pakistan released the Indian prisoners after completion of their sentences as per the bilateral agreement but regretfully India was not reciprocating in the same manner. He said the government has taken up this issue seriously with India to ensure release of its prisoners. DM BANS ACTIVITIES NEAR LOC: Kotli District

Magistrate (DM) Mukhtar Hussain on Friday imposed ban through Section 144 for civilian activities such as cutting grass, grazing animals and collecting woods near line of control (LoC). On Friday DM, in his order has said that civilian population activities near LoC can be hazardous so people should refrain moving towards LoC.

UN ready to mediate between India and Pakistan on Kashmir NEW YORK ONLINE

The UN is available to mediate between India and Pakistan if the two neighbours request such assistance in resolving the Kashmir issue, a spokesperson for UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has said. “On Kashmir, (as with

other conflicts around the world), our good offices are available if both sides (India and Pakistan) were to request that. And that remains the case today,” Acting Deputy Spokesperson for the Secretary-General Farhan Haq said. Haq was responding to a question on whether the UN chief would propose to India

to sit down and talk with Pakistan to resolve the longstanding Kashmir issue. Among the most vital roles played by the Secretary- General is the use of his “good offices,” which are steps taken publicly and in private, drawing upon his independence, impartiality and integrity, to prevent international disputes from arising,

escalating or spreading. India has always ruled out any intervention by the UN in settling issues, including Kashmir, with Pakistan. Pakistan, on the other hand, has sought UN intervention and has described the UN resolutions on the issue as an “important framework” for settlement of the dispute.

PEMRA chairman served show-cause notice COMMITTEE ORDERS AHMED TO REPLY TO ALLEGATIONS LEVELLED AGAINST HIM WITHIN SEVEN DAYS ISAMABAD INP

Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory (PEMRA) Chairman Chaudhry Rashid Ahmed on Friday received show-cause notice, seeking his viewpoint on allegations against him. Earlier on Thursday night when Kohsar Police SHO Hakim Khan visited his residence to deliver the notice, but Ahmed refused to collect it. Later, he received it in the morning. The notice has been served by Secretary Interior Shahid Khan who is heading the investigation team formed on the directives of President Mamnoon Hussain to probe irregularities and violation of

Supreme Court’s (SC) orders. The investigation officer has sought record regarding accusations mentioned in show cause from information ministry, PEMRA, FIA and NAB. Ahmed is bound to clarify his position about the allegations leveled against him within a week. The notice read the summary for the appointment of PEMRA chairman was put up to him (secretary information and broadcasting) by his subordinate officer Nasir Jamal, director general (IP). However the summary did not mention how the panel of three persons was selected including his (Rashid Ahmad) name. The said note also did not disclose as to how the seven names of serving/retired officers of information group were selected, which were screened and names of three persons were sent for selection of one of them. The list of serving/retired officers of the Information group annexed with the said note including the names of Secretary Information at top of the list and included names of Yousaf Baig Mirza, MD PTV, Murtaza Solangi, DG, PBC and Dr Abdul

Jabbar, executive member PEMRA, were shown as serving officers of the group. The show cause notice said neither any comparison of the qualifications of the candidates was provided nor was any justification given based on their eligibility and credentials. The summary, the notice said was irreparably defective and discretion exercised by the competent authority on the basis of the said summary cannot be termed proper exercise of discretion as required by the law. The notice also said that the PEMRA head deliberately violated the Supreme Court order of 15 January, 2013 that stated that the position of Chairman PEMRA has to be filled by a person who fulfills the exceptional and stringent requirements prescribed in the PEMRA Ordinance and not by a casual appointee. The order further said that the appointment has to be made through an open and transparent process to ensure that the appointee meets the objective criteria specified in the PEMRA Ordinance. Therefore it said the summary did not fulfill the requirements of rule 15 (2) of

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the rules of business, 1973 and the appointment was secured on the basis of a deficient, disguised, biased and unlawful summary. Ahmad has also been charged that he deliberately concealed the applicable disqualifications in the summary, particularly the inherent disqualification associated with his status as serving civil servant and that he did not resign from civil service before or even after his appointment as Chairman PEMRA. The notice charged that while moving the summary as the information secretary he was also discharging a trust and as fiduciary, responsible for careful observance with the constitution, the relevant laws and the judgments of the Supreme Court. It said that the comments of the Establishment Division about the requirements of public advertisement of the post were not a part of the summary placed before the Prime Minister. This apparent omission further makes the whole process defective and shows that the Prime Minister was not properly assisted in the decision making.

when Musharraf did not turn up. Had we said yesterday he will not come, then the prosecution would have come prepared.” Kasuri had recently had a verbal argument with a journalist after he asked a pointed question. He had accused the reporter of being an “Indian journalist”. AGENCIES

uncertainty looms over indian minister’s visit NEW DELHI: Uncertainty looms large over Indian Commerce Minister Anand Sharma’s next week’s visit to Pakistan as Islamabad is yet to resolve issues raised by New Delhi. “The minister’s visit is subject to Pakistan agreeing to implement the three main proposals agreed on by the two countries to boost the bilateral trade,” a ministry official said. The commerce secretary in January-end had written a letter to his Pakistani counterpart demanding expeditious implementation of the agreed issues. The main agreed proposals are allowing trade of all goods through Wagah-Attari border, dismantling of the negative list of 1,209 items and bringing down the sensitive list of items to 100 under the South Asia Free Trade Agreement (SAFTA) over a period of five years. At present, only 137 items can be traded through Attari- Wagah land border. Pakistan had already missed the deadline to eliminate the negative list. Dismantling of the list would automatically lead to grant of Non-Discriminatory Market Access (NDMA) to India, though India for long has insisted on Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status. As per the schedule of Sharma’s Pakistan visit, the Minister is expected to inaugurate the ‘India Show’ in Lahore on February 14 and participate in bilateral meetings the next day In Islamabad. The schedule is, however, not yet finalised. INP

hearing of missing person case adjourned indefinitely ISLAMABAD: The Supreme Court (SC) on Friday adjourned the hearing of Mudassar Iqbal missing person case indefinitely due to non-availability of Justice Nasirul Mulk. The case was to be heard on Friday and the former and sitting DG FIA Lahore were also to appear in the court but the hearing could not take place owing to non-availability of Justice Jawwad S Khawaja. Other cases including Mudassar Iqbal missing person case were de-listed. ONLINE

Pakistan-uK bilateral consultations held ISLAMABAD: The third round of PakistanUK bilateral consultations on arms control, non-proliferation and disarmament was held in Islamabad on Friday. The Pakistani side was led by Additional Secretary Tasnim Aslam while Director for Defence and International Security Sarah MacIntosh led the UK delegation. The two sides reviewed developments in the areas of international arms control, non-proliferation and disarmament. The two sides also discussed issues relating to maintenance of regional and strategic stability, as well as cooperation at bilateral and multilateral fora. INP


04 NEWS

Saturday, 8 February, 2014

Russia kicks start Winter Olympics with glitzy ceremony SOCHI AGENCIES

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USSIA on Friday officially opened in Sochi its first-ever Winter Olympics with a lavish ceremony attended by dozens of heads of state and aimed at impressing a sceptical world with an unforgettable spectacle. With a hard act to follow after showstopping Summer Olympics opening ceremonies in 2008 in Beijing and 2012 in London, Russia is expected to pull out all the stops to give the world an evening to remember. The ceremony starts, with symbolic timing, at 20: 14 local time (1614 GMT) in the spectacular new Fisht Stadium on the shores of the Black Sea and will mark the beginning of one of the most controversial Olympics in recent history. “The ceremony will be one of the most

exciting and visual ever,” the head of the Sochi organising committee Dmitry Chernyshenko told reporters. “This is a theatre with a 40,000 seat capacity” he said of the Fisht stadium. “It can allow the realisation of any creative thought.” Some of Russia’s most decorated cosmonauts -– including Sergei Krikalev who was famously stranded in space on the Mir station when the USSR collapsed — will raise the Russian flag to the top of the stadium. However, who will light the Olympic cauldron is a closely-guarded secret, with Putin insisting it is the choice of the organising committee and not for him to interfere. Russia’s team will be led out by flag-bearer Alexander Zubkov, a bobsleigh pilot and one of the most respected sportsmen in the country who has represented Russia at every Winter Olympics since Salt Lake City in 2002.

Russian President Vladimir Putin, who has spearheaded the Sochi Games from the

bid in 2007, will be at the ceremony along with over 40 other heads of state and lead-

KAZAKH LEADER UN welcomes reported Homs MAY DROP THE ‘STAN’ humanitarian deal, US sceptical IN KAZAKHSTAN US ENVOY TO UN QUESTIONS SINCERITY OF ALMATY AGENCIES

Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev may drop the ‘stan’ from Kazakhstan to distinguish his booming oil-rich nation from the rest of Central Asia, where the other so-called stans are mostly mired in poverty. The world’s ninth largest nation by area with a population of just 17 million, Kazakhstan is the largest economy of the post-Soviet region, which also includes Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Foreign companies have invested billions of dollars in the nation’s mineral wealth since its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. But Kazakh officials say the vast country of steppes and mountains is still little known in the world. Nazarbayev, who visited the nation’s oil capital Atyrau in western Kazakhstan on Thursday afternoon, said a new name like Kazakh Eli, which stands for “The Land of Kazakhs”, would be more eye-catching for a foreigner studying the region’s map. “In our country’s name, there is this ‘stan’ ending which other Central Asian nations have as well. But, for instance, foreigners show interest in Mongolia, whose population is just two million people, but whose name lacks the ‘stan’ ending,” Nazarbayev’s press

service quoted him as saying. “Probably, we ought to consider with time the issue of adopting Kazakh Eli as the name of our country, but before that we definitely need to discuss this with the people,” he said without elaborating. Nazarbayev, a 73-year-old former steelworker, has been in power for more than two decades and enjoys sweeping powers. Titled “Leader of the Nation” and widely nicknamed “Papa”, he has overseen market reforms and attracted foreign investors, but has kept a tight lid on dissent in his nation which has never held an election recognized as free and fair by the West. Still vastly popular, he has said he will rule as long as his health allows him to stay in power and promised to groom a successor before stepping down. Few doubt that Kazakhstan will receive a new name, should the veteran leader decide so. In 1997, he moved the capital from the leafy city of Almaty in southeastern Kazakhstan to the windswept steppe town of Akmola in the north. A year later, he said the new capital should be called Astana - which literally means “capital” in the local Turkic language - to end speculation about Akmola’s name which stood for both “white shrine” and “white plenty” in Kazakh.

history to be very skeptical,” she said in New York. Power added that Washington was “very concerned about anybody who falls into regime hands who comes from a part of the country that has been under opposition control.” The government’s announcement came hours after rebels declared a new offensive in the northern province of Aleppo in response to an escalated air assault by government forces trying to recapture territory and drive residents out of opposition-held areas. Syrian President Bashar alAssad’s forces have used siege tactics to surround and try to starve out rebels holding strategic areas, a technique increasingly copied by rebels as well. The siege of the old city of Homs has gone on for over a year, and activists say 2,500 people are trapped inside the area struggling with hunger and malnourishment.

SYRIAN GOVERNMENT’S INTENTIONS WASHINGTON AGENCIES

The United Nations on Thursday welcomed reports that an agreement had been reached to allow the evacuation of civilians from the besieged Syrian city of Homs as well as the delivery of aid, while Washington voiced scepticism about the government’s intentions. The United Nations made clear that it was not a party to the deal and while it was ready to send in aid, it did not yet have the go-ahead from the government and opposition sides in Syria’s war to move on the reported agreement. “The United Nations and humanitarian partners had pre-positioned food, medical and

38 killed in Bolivia rain torrent LAPAZ: Torrential rain and floods in Bolivia have killed 38 people and left many homeless, said the government on Thursday, as forecasters predicted more heavy rainfall with the north of the Andean country again likely to be the worst affected. The Defence Ministry said it had flown in food aid and the army was evacuating families from the worst affected regions, such as the Amazonian and cattle-rearing department of Beni, northeast of the capital La Paz. Around 100,000 head of cattle are threatened and some 6,000 hectares of crops have been destroyed, around 0.2 percent of Bolivia’s total, the government said. More than 40,000 households have been affected by the heavy seasonal rains since October, around five times more than last year, with the central and northern regions of the country hardest hit. AGENCIES

other basic supplies on the outskirts of Homs ready for immediate delivery as soon as the green light was given by the parties for safe passage,” UN spokesman Farhan Haq said in a statement. Syria earlier said it reached a deal to allow “innocent” civilians to leave the rebel-held old city of Homs, potentially the first positive result after last week’s deadlocked peace talks in Switzerland. But US Ambassador to the United Nations Samantha Power questioned the sincerity of the Syrian government’s intentions. “Given that the regime, up to this point, has described just about anybody living in opposition territory as a terrorist - and has attacked them as such - you know, we have reason on the basis of

Google Doodle takes on homophobic Russia SAN FRANCISCO AGENCIES

Google marked the Winter Games in Sochi by flying the gay flag Thursday in a search page Doodle that linked to a call for equality in the Olympic Charter. Showcasing the flag and the excerpt served as an online rebuttal to Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Kozak, who warned spectators and athletes against promoting gay rights during the Olympics, saying it was forbidden by the Olympic Charter and Russian law to spread propaganda during a sporting event. Beneath the Rainbow Flag was the following paragraph attributed to the Olympic Charter, “The practice of sport is a human right. Every individual must have the possibility of practicing sport, without discrimination of

any kind and in the Olympic spirit, which requires mutual understanding with a spirit of friendship, solidarity and fair play.” Clicking on the Doodle triggered a search for news related to the Olympic Charter, with stories about what was being interpreted as a Google protest of an anti-gay atmosphere caused by officials in the host country of Russia. Google declined to comment. Amid growing furore over Russia’s new law forbidding the dissemination of “gay propaganda” to minors, Kozak once again argued that there was no discrimination based on sexual orientation in Russia. One day ahead of the official opening of the Games, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon made a powerful call for equality, saying, “we must all raise our voices against attacks” on gays.

AIPAC gives up on anti-Iran bill vote WASHINGTON AGENCIES

In an apparent U-turn, the American-Israeli Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) has given up on pushing for a vote on an anti-Iran bill after one of the authors of the bill changed course on Thursday. On Thursday, 42 Republican senators asked Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-Nevada) in a letter to schedule an immediate vote on a sanctions bill against Iran which was introduced by Senators Bob Menendez (D-New Jersey) and Mark Kirk (R-Illinois) in mid December. However, as the bill is un-

PRO-ISRAEL GROUP SAYS IT AGREED WITH NEW JERSEY DEMOCRAT ‘THAT THERE SHOULD NOT BE A VOTE AT THIS TIME ON THE MEASURE’ likely to ever get a vote on the Senate floor due to opposition from key members of the Senate Democratic leadership, Menendez, who is the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, took to the Senate floor on Thursday and criticized Republicans for their push for a vote on the bill. Menendez, who is under criminal investigation for his ties to two fugitive Ecuadorian bankers and

his donors, claimed that he wanted the sanctions bill to be “a bipartisan national security issue – not a partisan political issue.” AIPAC, which is the most powerful pro-Israel lobby group in the US, also sided with Menendez and came out against Republicans’ push for an immediate vote on the bill. In an emailed statement obtained by The Hill, the pro-Israel lobby group said that it agreed

with the New Jersey Democrat “that there should not be a vote at this time on the measure.” AIPAC’s apparent U-turn follows the group’s intense efforts on Capitol Hill to convince US senators to co-sponsor the new sanctions bill against Iran. AIPAC even launched an attack on a pro-Israel Jewish Democrat in the House of Representatives, Florida Congresswoman Debbie Wasserman Schultz, for not supporting the new anti-Iran legislation. Menendez and AIPAC’s change of course, however, came after the bill lost steam when several Democratic cosponsors of the legislation, including senators Joe Manchin

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(West Virginia), Kirsten Gillibrand (New York), Ben Cardin (Maryland), Richard Blumenthal (Connecticut), and Chris Coons (Delaware), said they did not favor an immediate vote on the bill. US President Barack Obama has also repeatedly said that he would veto the bill if it passed Congress and landed on his desk. Initially, Senate hawks vowed to override Obama’s veto, saying they would secure a veto-proof majority of 67 senators for the bill. However, they even failed to secure 60 votes in order to make their bill filibusterproof as, according to congress.gov, the bill has only 58 co-sponsors as of February 7, 2014.

ers. These will include UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, Chinese President Xi Jinping, Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan and embattled Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych who is facing a protest uprising at home. Their appearance will also pave the way for several days of behind-the-scenes diplomacy at the Olympics where the Kremlin hopes to strengthen ties with key allies in an informal setting. However US President Barack Obama and a host of key EU leaders will be absent, in what is seen by some as a snub to Russia after it passed a widely-condemned law banning the spread of gay propaganda to minors. There have also been heavy concerns about security at the Games, particularly after the United States warned of the risk of militants attacking Russia-bound planes with explosives stuffed into toothpaste.

Israeli demolition of Palestinian homes is at five-year high: aid groups RAMALLAH: Aid agencies operational in occupied West Bank and East Jerusalem on Friday expressed alarm at a rise in Israeli demolition of Palestinian property. The agencies have said that since the renewal of USbacked peace negotiations in July 2013 until last December, the number of demolitions has increased by almost half and the displacement of Palestinians by nearly threequarters as compared to the same period in 2012. This week, the International Red Cross announced a halt to delivering tents to Palestinians made homeless by demolitions West Bank due to Israeli obstruction and confiscation of aid. “International and local aid organizations have faced increasingly severe restrictions in responding to the needs created by the unlawful demolition of civilian property, in violation of Israel’s obligation to facilitate the effective delivery of aid,” wrote the groups, which included Oxfam and Christian Aid. Israeli military and political officials have not commented on the report. Israel captured the West Bank and East Jerusalem, along with the Gaza Strip, in the 1967 war. It quit Gaza in 2005, and the enclave is now governed by Hamas Islamists opposed to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas’ peace-making strategy. The Palestinians want the more than half a million Jewish settlers there, along with Israeli soldiers, to leave the occupied territories. Israel balks at such sweeping pullouts, citing historical claims on the biblical lands. AGENCIES

Seoul wins battle against Japan for US textbooks WASHINGTON: Virginia’s state legislature approved on Thursday a bill requiring school textbooks to include the Korean name for the sea between Japan and South Korea, in a major win for Seoul. The two key US allies, battling renewed tensions dating from imperial Japan, fought a proxy battle over the textbook change, with their respective ambassadors visiting the Southern state’s capital Richmond repeatedly. Korean American activists gained the upper hand in their effort to address historical grievances with Japan – that rouse deep passions in South Korea — at the local level in the United States. AGENCIES

Six injured in Cairo bombings CAIRO: Six people were wounded on Friday in two explosions near a police checkpoint in the outskirts of the Egyptian capital of Cairo, the government and security sources said. State news agency MENA quoted the Health Ministry as saying six people were hospitalised, but did not specify their injuries. The Interior Ministry said four policemen were among the injured. There was no immediate claim of responsibility for the blasts. Egypt has seen a wave of protests and violence since the army ousted elected President Mohamed Morsi last year amid mass protests against his rule. AGENCIES


NEWS 05

Saturday, 8 February, 2014

( anti-polio campaign )

Motorcycle riding banned in Peshawar on Sunday PESHAWAR

STAFF REPORT

I

N a bid to ensure peace during anti-polio vaccination, the Peshawar deputy commissioner on Friday banned riding of motorcycles on Sunday. According to an official handout, the DC has imposed the ban in Peshawar District for one day during “Sehat ka insaf” campaign on Sunday. It added that anyone found violating this order shall be proceeded against under Section 188 PPC. This order shall come into force forthwith and shall remain enforce for one day February 9, 2014 unless modified or withdrawn. Under this programme, vaccination to protect

FOUR-DAY ANTI POLIO CAMPAIGN WILL START IN 29 UNION COUNCILS OF MARDAN FROM FEB 10-13

children from nine diseases, including polio, was held in 46 Union Councils of Peshawar last Sunday. At least three violent acts occurred on the day whereas more than 2,000 parents refused to vaccinate their children. The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa recently launched the drive with an estimated cost of RS 22 billion. Drive enters MarDan: Separately, Mardan deputy commissioner said a four-day anti polio campaign in 29 union councils of Mardan District will

start from Feb 10-13. Amir Latif announced this during a meeting at his office. It was also decided that special campaign in another 23 union councils would be launched from February 14-17 and 24 union councils from February 18-21 respectively. The DC said polio was a crippling disease and people from all segments of the society should come forward and support Govt efforts to eradicate this disease once and for all. He also called explanation from a patwari for not attending the today’s meeting. He said absence of government officials would not be tolerated in future and directed all the concerned to ensure their presence in such important meetings.

731 affectees of SWa operation iHK minister quits over Baloch allegations of molesting doctor compensated: OVERSEAS PAKISTANIS MINISTER SAYS RS DOCTORS CALL STRIKE AT WEEKEND TO PROTEST ‘BARBARIC ACT’ SRINAGAR INP

A top minister of Indian-held Kashmir tendered resignation has resigned after allegations that he attempted to sexually assault a female doctor. State Health Minister Shabbir Ahmed Khan quit after the senior gynaecologist

alleged that he “made sexual advances” and tried to molest her. The incident took place in his office in Srinagar a few days back, she alleged. The minister, however, refused to comment when approached by reporters. The incident sparked anguish among the civil society groups and doctors have demanded stern action. Doctors have also called a day’s strike at the weekend to protest the “barbaric act”. Khan is a member of the Congress party which is in power in the state in alliance with the National Conference party. In 2006, Kashmir was rocked by sensational disclosures about top

ministers, security officials and bureaucrats running a sex racket. Several top ministers and officials were jailed after some girls revealed in court that they were sexually exploited after they were promised jobs in the government. Most of the accused are now out on bail and have resumed their positions in the government. Chief Minister Omar Abdullah had threatened to resign when the opposition group alleged that he too figured in the list of those accused of exploiting girls. Scrutiny of sexual violence in India has grown since the 2012 gang rape and murder of a student on a Delhi bus.

govt to privatise 26% pia shares JUI-F MINISTER WALKS OUT AGAINST KIDNAPPING FOR RANSOM INCIDENTS ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

The Senate was informed on Friday that the government intends to privatise 26 percent shares of Pakistan International Airline because the corporation is facing a loss of Rs 87 million per day. Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs Shaikh Aftab Ahmad told the House during question hour that PIA suffered a loss of Rs 33 billion during 2012 while the loss during the first nine months of last year was 31 billion rupees. To a question‚ Commerce Minister Khurram Dastagir Khan informed the House that Pakistan has not yet given non-discriminatory market access and most favoured

nation status to India. He said both the countries have made commitments and negotiations are underway in this regard. He‚ however‚ said that NDMA status has been agreed between the two countries on reciprocal basis. He said till the availability of level playing field no NDMA will be granted. He said India had given Pakistan MFN status in 1996. To a question‚ the minister said during the meeting of Commerce Ministers in New Delhi last month both sides had agreed to enhance operational hours at Wahga-Attari land route. Standing Committee on Water and Power Chairman Zahid Khan presented before the House report of the committee for the period from 21 March

2013 to 9 September 2013. State Minister Abdul Ghafoor Haideri staged a walk out of the Senate against the Sindh government’s apathy to curb kidnapping for ransom on Shikarpur-Sukkur-Jacobabad highway. Speaking on a point of order, the cleric said that workers of his party and other people of the area were being kidnapped for ransom but the provincial government was not taking any heed to address the issue. He said that Shikarpur-Sukkur-Jacobabad highway was closed for the past three days and the administration was not taking any steps against the robbers. Later, the House was adjourned to meet again on Monday at 3pm.

5.93 BILLION HAVE BEEN RELEASED FOR WORKERS WELFARE FUNDS ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

Minister for States and Frontier Regions Lt Gen (r) Abdul Qadir Baloch on Friday informed the House that the government had paid compensation amount to 731 affected persons of Rahe Nijat operation in South Waziristan Agency. Replying during question hour in the National Assembly, the minister said the operation was launched in Ladha and Sarwakai subdivision of the agency in which 278 people were killed, 403 sustained serious injuries and 50 were slightly injured. The minister said that as per the government policy, Rs 300,000 paid to legal heirs of those killed and Rs 100,000 to serious injured and 25,000 to slightly injured. Separately, the Foreign Affairs Ministry has paid Rs 8.8 million fine to secure release/repatriation of 77 prisoners from the United Arab Emirates (UAE) from March 2008 to date, the foreign affairs minister told the NA. In a written reply to the question of Belum Hasnain, the minister said the prisoners have already completed their sentences on minor charges. A vast majority of prisoners were involved in begging, illegal stay, working on visit visa driving under the influence of alcohol, non-payment of loan etc. Meanwhile, Minister for Overseas Pakistanis and Human Resource Development Pir Sadruddin Rashidi informed the NA that Rs 5.93 billion have been released from the allocated amount for the Workers Welfare Funds. To a calling attention

notice moved by Abdul Manan, the secretary said around Rs 175 billions were still stuck with the Ministry of Finance. He sought the help of legislators for the earlier release of the amount from the Finance Ministry. He said the early release of the amount would help the ministry to finalise people’s welfare related projects. However, he informed the House that, a meeting had been convened next weak to resolve the issues. Separately, Parliamentary Secretary for Cabinet Secretariat Raja Javed Ikhlas informed the NA that around 95 percent funds have been released by the government for expended programme on immunisation. To a call attention notice, he said that the government was ensuring uninterrupted supply of vaccines of different diseases with the cooperation of the World Health Organisation (WHO) and UNICEF. He said that majority of funds allocated for the current fiscal year for expanded programme on immunization had been released while remaining amount would be released soon. He said enough funds were available for the programme and presently the government was not facing any fund shortage. The secretary said that the federal government was also providing assistance to provinces for the implementation of the programme. He informed the House that law and order situation was a hurdle in the provinces for the implementation of the programme. Javed Ikhlas said that a committee and monitoring cell had also been established to monitor the programme.

MQM to observe day of mourning today KARACHI STAFF REPORT

The Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) has announced to observe a day of mourning on Saturday (today), what it blamed against extra-judicial killings of its workers. This was announced by MQM leader Haider Abbas Rivzi while addressing a press conference at Nine Zero (90) on Friday. Rizvi appealed to traders and transporters to shut their business tomorrow. The MQM leader said extra-judicial killing of party workers was being carried out. He said there

was no information of 45 missing activists, adding he did not know whether missing workers were alive or in the custody of law enforcement agencies. He also said Muhammad Suleman and his nephew were arrested by police from Korangi Crossing on February 3. He said according to post-mortem report of Suleman he was brutally tortured. He also demanded human rights groups to take notice of the extra-judicial killings of MQM activists. On the occasion, MQM leader Nasreen Jalil said Karachi police chief Shahid Hayat should also be nominated in the FIR of party activist’s killing.

Bilawal urges mQm to shun politics of strikes ISLAMABAD: Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) Chairman Bilawal Bhutto on Friday appealed to Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) leader Altaf Hussain to call off his party’s decision to observe a day of mourning in Karachi on Saturday. Minutes after Haider Abba Rizvi’s press conference, in which he announced to observe day of mourning in Karachi on Saturday, Bilawal said that the decision was a larger conspiracy against Altaf Hussain. In his message on Twitter, Bilawal said, “Lots of sympathy for MQMs legitimate concerns. But they will loss all good wills if they take Karachi hostage again with strike politics.” Bilawal asked Altaf Hussain to tell his party workers that threatening of people of Karachi traders and transporters live on television is not philosophy of the MQM’s chief. Bilawal wrote, “I appeal 2 (to) UncleAltaf 2 (to) call of strike. Pls (please) tell MQM ppl (people) tht (that) threatening ppl (people) of KHI (Karachi), traders & transporters on live TV is not ur (your) phil (philosophy) of love.” Bilawal went on saying, “I’ve warned about anti-Altaf forces within MQM.I fear this strike is part of a larger conspiracy vs. uncle Altaf. I hope he doesnt fall 4 (for) it.” INP

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Faryal’s constituency uses 98 percent stolen power: minister ISLAMABAD: Federal Minister for Water and Power Abid Sher Ali on Friday claimed that 98 percent of electricity was stolen in Member National Assembly Faryal Talpur’s constituency in Naudero. Addressing a press conference, he said that most electricity was stolen in Sukkur division and that the recovery of debt was less than 40 percent. He said that the federal government would have to shut down all the feeders if electricity theft is not curbed. The minister alleged that 98 percent of electricity used in her constituency was obtained by theft. “What do you call obtaining electricity through hooks if not cruelty?” he asked. No one would be given free electricity, he insisted. He also said that crackdown against electricity thieves is also akin to the war on terror as the country could not progress until electricity theft was curbed. INP

‘Curbing corruption only way to progress’ ISLAMABAD: Justice Jawwad S Khawaja on Friday said the country could not progress without curbing corruption. He gave these remarks while presiding over a threemember bench of Supreme Court (SC) during the hearing of 650 illegal CNG licences’ case. He said, “This is public money and we will not let any one to stomach it easily. Taking action against the corrupt elements is one of the pivotal obligations of the state. The way CNG licenses were distributed stands unprecedented in the country. OGRA presented report about CNG stations before the court. All the CNG stations were not divided into different categories in this report. Justice Khawaja remarked, “Divide them into categories and then tell the court about it.” Iftikhar Gillani, counsel for OGRA, told the court, “Some CNG stations are legal and some are illegal.” Justice Khawaja observed, “Generally guideline given to regulatory authority is meant for assistance and not for guidance.” The court has sought reply from the attorney general (AG) that court be informed if government policy is applicable to OGRA or otherwise. The court while seeking assistance from the AG adjourned the hearing until February 27. ONLINE

Jilani visits Capitol Hill WASHINGTON: Pakistan’s Ambassador to the United States Jalil Abbas Jilani visited the Capitol Hill to meet Congressman Rodney Frelinghuysen, a Republican from New Jersey, and Chairman Defense Appropriations subcommittee and discussed Pakistan-US relations. Ambassador Jilani had a wideranging discussion with Congressman Frelinghuysen on Pakistan-US bilateral cooperation, the Pakistani embassy said Thursday. Congressman Frelinghuysen praised Pakistan’s sacrifices in the fight against terrorism. He also noted that a vibrant Pakistani-American community in New Jersey was playing an active role in strengthening the bilateral relationship. APP

KP employees announce month-long protest PESHAWAR: Employees of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) government have announced to protest from February 15 to March 15 to press the government for their demands, including raise in allowances. According to the KP employees, they would protest on district level from February 15, and if their demands were not met, they could march to Islamabad. Employees demanded that the government raise their rent allowance, promotions and changing of service structure. STAFF REPORT


06 ISLAMABAD

WEATHER UPDATES

SATURDAY

120C 070C

SUNDAY

100C 080C

MONDAY

110C

sunrise Zuhr

asr

maghrib isha

5:36

7:01

3:21

5:42

12:22

TUESDAY

130C 040C

Saturday, 8 February 2014

PRAyER TimingS fajr

050C

LET’S RESOLVE THESE CASES ASAP

7:07

ihc’s six benches to hear over 350 cases in next week

ISLAMABAD: Chief Justice of Islamabad High Court (IHC) Justice Muhammad Anwar Khan Kasi has constituted four single and two division benches to hear over 350 cases during the next week starting from Monday. Four single benches include Chief Justice, Justice Riaz Ahmed Khan, Justice Noorul Haq N Qureshi and Justice Shaukat Aziz Siddiqui. The first division bench comprises the Chief Justice and Justice Shaukat Aziz Siddiqui while the second one includes Justice Riaz Ahmed Khan and Justice Noor ul Haq N Qureshi. APP

FOR BETTER CHECK AND BALANCE

Nawaz has a THAT’S ONE HUGE NUMBER dream: Quality education for all Pakistan Post Providing delivery services to 20m households ISLAMABAD APP

Pakistan Post is providing delivery services to about 20 million households and businesses as community service across the country. “Pakistan Post is providing postal services in every nook and corner of the country through a network of around 13,000 post offices” a senior official of Pakistan Post told APP here on Friday. He said that Pakistan Post has been transformed into a modern and fully computerized organization for the benefit of the customers in the country. He said that Pakistan Post has a broad and varied role to play beyond provision of communication link for individuals and businesses. He said that Pakistan Post is committed to make secure and timely delivery of mail, money and material at the doorsteps of the customers at affordable

cost. “Keeping pace with the changing communications market, Pakistan Post is emphasizing in the use of new communication and information technologies to move beyond what is traditionally regarded as a its core postal business” he said. He said that Pakistan Post remittance services are very popular. These provide a secure and cheap mode for remittance of the money. The official further said that the complaints and suggestions could be forwarded directly to complaint Cell Directorate General Pakistan Post Islamabad through Post Call, mail, phone, fax, EMail or by any other mean. He informed that in order to improve the efficiency of field staff of the department, Pakistan Post has distributed motorcycles amongst the Postmen.

Pm stresses Promotion of quality education ISLAMABAD OnlinE

P

RIME Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif has said promotion of quality education is vital for ensuring socio economic development of any country. Addressing launching ceremony of social development research centre at Sultana Foundation in Islamabad on Friday‚ he said although the government is making all out efforts for promoting education particularly in the field of science and technology yet it alone cannot achieve desired goals alone. He said the private sector should also come forward and share its responsibilities in this regard to move forward the

country on the path of economic revolution. The Prime Minister said social service is greatest work after the worship of Almighty Allah and the people should come forward in this field to improve social status of the poor. However‚ he said the economic and social progress of the country is directly linked with education. Nawaz Sharif said Allah has blessed us with talented youth and it is our responsibility to train them in various fields so that they should play their due role in national development actively. He said the loan scheme for the youth has also been launched keeping in view this objective. The Prime Minister said Pakistan and Saudi Arabia are very close friends and both can work jointly for peace not only in the region but world at large. He said Saudi Arabia is working as a model Islamic State for the Muslims. He said Pakistani people take Saudi Arabia in great reverence and have great

SKY IS THE LIMIT bisP chairman sets targets to improve efficiency of bisP ISLAMABAD STAFF REPORT

Chairman Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP), Enver Baig, has said that the targets will be given to different regions which should be met. He was addressing a BISP’s Director Generals’ Conference held at BISP’s Secretariat, today. The Chairman directed the DGs to

ensure transparency in the Programme and assist underprivileged people at grass root level. He said that BISP has received some complaints that unscrupulous elements are fleecing people in rural areas in the name of BISP through fake SMS. He asked the DGs to strengthen monitoring and case management to counter such elements. He also stressed upon the need to ensure that beneficiaries must not face any difficulty in receiving services from BISP. During the conference, Mr. Enver Baig said that quarterly targets will be given to Regional Offices, who will further distribute the quantum of work to lower

levels of divisional, district and tehsil offices. Chairman BISP said that it is his belief that the efficiency of the organization will improve if the targets are given to different regions and their performance is measured against these targets. Mr. Enver Baig expressed his concern over the present pace of different activities and stressed the importance of taking a robust approach in this regard, as per the directions of Prime Minister of Pakistan. While discussing different issues, Chairman BISP directed his officers to improve their coordination with NADRA for issuance of CNICs to pending beneficiaries and to

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love and affection for the Saudi government and the people. He said Saudi Arabia has always proved to be most trust worthy and reliable friend of Pakistan and cooperation between the two countries will continue. Speaking on the occasion‚ Saudi Prince Sultan Bin Salman bin Abdul Aziz said his country always stood by Pakistan in hard times and will continue extending all type of support to it for its rapid progress. He expressed the confidence that Pakistan will move forward towards a bright future and Saudi government will fully support it to achieve the goal of its progress and prosperity. He assured that the Saudi government will continue its cooperation with Pakistan in the fields of education‚ research and medicine. He hoped the Sultana Foundation‚ which was initially launched by his late mother‚ continues its significant role in educational and social service in Pakistan.

pursue the matter vigorously with the banks to resume the process of issuance of BDCs to the beneficiaries who have not yet received their cards. Chairman BISP also categorically stressed the importance of mobilization campaign through the tehsil and field offices of BISP across the country. In the absence of sincere efforts and hard work from field officers, achieving these targets would not be a possibility, he said. During the conference, the Regional Director Generals of BISP were given targets specific to their regions and they shared their work-plans accordingly, clearly specifying the further target distribution among different divisions, districts and tehsils of their region. Chairman BISP directed the officials to submit reports on regular intervals based on all the instructions given to them. A follow-up meeting to review the achievements will be held at the end of March 2014.

ISLAMABAD: Maryam Nawaz Chairperson PM Youth Program has said that Transparency International will be associated in all procurements of PM youth program to ensure transparency. She said this while reviewing the progress of the Youth Scheme. She added that this decision has been taken in line with the government’s policy of transparency and to ensure effective and acceptable third party oversight of the program. She said that the concerned authorities will make sure that all relevant rules in this regard are adhered to. STAFF REPORT

PTDC STUFFED WITH ROTTEN EGGS

706 emPloyees recruited in Ptdc illegally during Previous regime ISLAMABAD: Around 706 employees were recruited in Pakistan Tourism Development Cooperation (PTDC) while ignoring the vacancies position and cordial formalities in during last five years. In a written reply by the Ministry of Inter Provincial Coordination said that during the last five years, total 91 persons were employed on daily-wage basis, out of which three were regularized earlier while remaining 88 persons were regularized on the recommendations of the Cabinet Committee. Around 32 regular employees and officers are working in the hotels and Motels of PTDC in district Manshera and Abbottabad. There are 35 motels, 1 hotel and 4 restaurants are working in the country under the PTDC at present. APP

NO BRAYING IN CAPITAL

cda registers cases against donkey-horse carts

ISLAMABAD: Capital Development Authority (CDA) has launched a special drive against donkey and horse carts in the Capital, besides registration of eight cases. Talking to APP, CDA Range Officer Ijaz Ahmed said that on the directive of the Member Environment CDA, the drive has been launched to check the entry of horse and donkey carts in the Capital. When contacted, a senior official of Islamabad traffic police said that a comprehensive policy was being finalised to check the entry in the Capital. Islamabad Traffic Police (ITP) Inspector Chaudhary Muhammad Iqbal said that entry of horse and donkey carts in the capital was creating traffic problems. APP

YOUTH COMMITS SUICIDE RAWALPINDI: A 23 year old youngster committed suicide in the jurisdiction of Waris Khan police station. As per details 23 year old Arsalan Javed, son of Asad Javed, resident of Dhok Elahi Baksh shot himself in the head due to his domestic problems. The youngster died instantly before he could be taken to the hospital. DEAD BODY RECOVERED: An unidentified body has been recovered from the sensitive area of the Cantonment. The body was discovered by some citizens who instantly informed Morgah police station. Apparently somebody had killed the man and thrown his dead body there. The police took the body into custody and placed it in a hospital morgue. No identification was found on the deceased. OnlinE


ISLAMABAD 07

Saturday, 8 February 2014

EducatEd womEN aN assEt ISLAMABAD APP

V

ETERAN Educationist, chairman department of Urdu, Punjab University, Oriental College, Professor Dr Muhammad Kamran said on Friday that women development in education is a powerful instrument for economic and social change in the society. In an interview to APP, Dr Muhammad Kamran said that women can help a country to achieve its national goals via

dr kamran says women educational develoPment to bring socio-economic change producing their uplift and minds imbue with knowledge, skills and competencies to shape its future destiny. Kamran said that the widespread recognition of this fact has created

awareness on the need to focus upon literacy and elementary education programme, not simply as a matter of social justice but more to foster economic growth, social well-being and social stability. Dr Kamran said that education was very much connected to women’s ability to form social relationships on the basis of equality with others and to achieve the important social good of self-respect. Education is a critical input in human resource development and is essential for the country’s economic growth, he added.

“It increases the productivity and efficiency of individuals and it produces skilled labour-force that is capable of leading the economy towards the path of sustainable growth and prosperity,” he added. Replying to a question, Dr Muhammad Kamran said that women’s education is so inextricably linked with the other facets of human development that make it a priority. Apart from the acquisition of knowledge and values conductive to social evolution, women education also enables society

Sartaj Aziz to be honoured as chief guest at RPI conference

GOING BACK IN HISTORY

ISLAMABAD AgEnCiES

DG UNESCO VISITED TAXILA MUSEUM ANCIENT CITY REMAINS WAH CANTT APP

The Director-General UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) Ms Irina Bokova, on Friday visited archaeological Museum Taxila and ancient site of Sir Kap, also known as the second city of ancient Taxila civilization aimed strict security measures. Ms Irina who is on state visit to Pakistan was received by Saleem Ul Haq, Director Punjab

department of archaeology and Museum at Taxila Museum upon his arrival. He briefed the visiting DG about the chronology, significance and history of Taxila valley civilization and Buddhism. The director has informed the delegation that there are 4000 objects displayed, including stone, stucco, terracotta, silver, gold, iron and semiprecious stones. “Mainly the display consists of objects from the period of 600 B.C to 500 AD,” he said. He informed that Gandhara is the second holy land of Buddhism and it is

A not so good side of water irregular rain Pattern, lack of fresh water causing children diseases ISLAMABAD APP

Due to irregular rain patterns, and lack of fresh drinking water, there has been increase in diseases among children from across the country. This was pointed out by by Pakistan Paediatric Association President Prof Iqbal Memon while talking to APP. Prof Iqbal Memon said, use of contaminated water causes outbreaks of waterborne diseases, especially in the rural areas of the country. He said a few decades back, freshwater was abundantly available to riverside communities during all seasons. “Now there is no water in the rivers, while ponds in Punjab and Sindh have become dried or contaminated, but people along the rivers have no other option but to use that water for drinking and cooking,” Dr Iqbal added. He further informed that there has been high number of cases among children with vector-borne diseases across the country, particularly in Sindh during the last couple of months. Federal Government Polyclinic Hospital Paediatrics head Dr Munir

Shahzad said, “the rise in vector-borne diseases, including diarrhoea, cholera, gastroenteritis, typhoid, and hepatitis, is due to environmental factors and the effects of climate change.” Environmentalist and the government’s adviser on climate change Qamaruz Zaman Chaudhry said, “The environmental factors in the country were causing a rise in diseases.” “I totally agree with health experts that the surge in seasonal vector-borne diseases is linked to environmental factors”, he added. He said “We had already warned about the issue in the National Climate Change Policy”. He said, “environmentalists had feared that the frequency of diseases, including cold, influenza, gastroenteritis, diarrhoea and fever among children will increase due to global warming in the current year.” He said the Pakistan Muslim LeagueNawaz had incorporated a strategy to tackle climate change in its manifesto on the recommendation of experts. He expresed the hope that the PML-N will allocate more resources to deal with the problem of climate change.

development and training in logical and analytical thinking. He said education allows women to acquire organizational, managerial, and administrative skills. Moreover, enhanced self-esteem and improved social and financial status within a community was a direct outcome of women education, he added. Therefore, by promoting education among women, Pakistan can achieve social and human development, and gender equality, Kamran said.

the placefrom where the Buddhism has flourished across the globe and this great civilization are fortunately on Pakistani soul. The UNSCO DG took round of museum and visited the various galleries consisting upon sculptures, stucco relieves, stones, plaster and terra-cotta figures, glass tiles and objects as toilet articles, seats, beads, bark manuscripts, silver utensils, carpentry tools, surgical instruments and hundred of the coins and jewellery items of the ancient Gandhara civilization. She took keen

interest in the Buddhist antiquities and sculptures especially huge size images of the great Buddha. Later, the visiting deputy PM visited ancient Buddhist university at Julian, the Buddhist site from where once Buddhism was flourished across the globe. Dr Kozue Kay Nagata, Director United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in Pakistan and other UNESCO and high officials were also present on this occasion.

Because bullets cannot stop girls’ education unesco launches malala funds-intrust for girls’ education in Pakistan ISLAMABAD OnlinE

UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova and the Pakistan’s Minister of State for Education, Training and Standards in Higher Education, Muhammad Baleeghur Rehman signed Malala Fundsin-Trust agreement to support better access, improved quality and safe learning environments for girls in the hard-to-reach areas of Pakistan. The $7 million funds-in-trust will focus on building up capacities in both formal and nonformal education, from gender-sensitive training for teachers to awareness-raising in communities to support girls’ education. This marks the launch of an operational phase, following the high-level advocacy event cohosted by UNESCO and the Government of Pakistan in December 2012, when the Malala Fund for Girls’ Right to Education was announced. Girls’ education is one of the most powerful forces for human dignity. It is a human rights issue and a breakthrough strategy for human development and peace. There is no better long-term investment a country can make

to foster social inclusion, justice, equity and economic growth, said the Director-General. Pakistan is home to 3.8 million out-of-school girls, while those in school are more likely to drop out than boys. Today gender disparities between boys and girls in access to primary education stand at 10%, said Minister of State Mr. Balighur-Rehman. With the Malala Fund programme implemented in Pakistan, we intend to narrow that gap to 5% in 3 years he added. Commenting on the spirit of this fund, the DirectorGeneral said, Education is not just about quantity or putting more money or improving enrolment rates. It is about the quality of education provided in schools, it is about teacher training, it is about relevant competencies for decent jobs and an inclusive society. The Malala fund will address this. During a National Forum on Girls’ Right to Education, the Minister also outlined measures taken by the government to accelerate progress, including the adoption of free and compulsory education for all children 5 to 16 as a

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constitutional right, adopted with the technical support of UNESCO, and a commitment to increase education spending from 2% to 4% of GDP, along with the development of a national plan of action to define targeted initiatives. The rights accorded to girls in Islam are absolutely equal to those of boys,” said Minister Baligh ur-Rehman. “Education in today’s world is not a choice but a fundamental right of every child. Government is responsible morally, ethically and constitutionally to provide education for every child regardless of creed or gender.” During the Forum, attended by UN partners, civil society groups, experts and donors, the emphasis was put on changing attitudes, training female teachers and making schools accessible and safe, especially in remote and rural areas. Families want to send girls to school but they want safe, quality education for their girls. Schools need to be located closer to familes and sharper policies in place to reach the unreached, said Mrs Bokova. The commitment of families and local leaders, including religious leaders, is essential to convince everyone that education is the best investment for the future.

Regional Peace Institute (RPI) is organising a conference in Islamabad on February 9 under the umbrella theme of “China, Pakistan and Afghanistan: Regional Dynamics, Future Prospects”. In addition to representatives of other thinktanks, professionals and academics, the conference will also be attended by a delegation of the Chinese People’s Association for Peace and Disarmament (CPAPD) – a leading think-tank of China. The two sub-themes of the Conference will be “US Drawdown 2014: Regional Perspectives” and “Prospects of Pakistan-China Collaboration in Afghanistan”. Sartaj Aziz, Advisor on Foreign Affairs and National Security, Government of Pakistan will be the Chief Guest. Khurshid

Mahmud Kasuri, former Foreign Minister of Pakistan, is the Chairperson of the RPI and General (R) Ehsan ul Haq, former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee is the Co-Chairperson. Mr. Raoof Hasan, a known political analyst and writer, is the Executive Director of the Institute. Shamshad Ahmad, former Secretary, Foreign Office, Mr. Aziz Ahmad Khan, former High Commissioner and Ambassador, Lt. Gen. (R) Asad Durrani, former DG, ISI, Senator Mushahid Hussain and Lt. Gen. (R) Talat Masood are among the keynote speakers. The Conference will conclude with the signing of a Memorandum of Collaboration between the RPI and the CPAPD covering a host of fields that require joint and collaborative efforts by China and Pakistan.


08 COMMENT

Waiting for a miracle

Or wriggling to avoid the axe?

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UsHaRRaF has generally been reluctant to face the cases that have been instituted against him. the way he escaped from the islamabad High Court in mortal fear of arrest would never be forgotten by the people of Pakistan. Equally traumatic to him was the idea of appearing before a court in Quetta on charges of killing akbar Bugti. He maintained that he faced serious security threats if taken to the city and sought the shifting of the trial to Rawalpindi. the filing of the treason case came as a rude shock to Musharraf. the former dictator started making indirect appeals to the army to come to his recue. Reluctance to face the courts turned into resistance when it came to appearance before the special tribunal holding the treason trial. the man who had come to contest elections in the country suddenly remembered that his life was under threat from numerous sources. Once out of power the blustering former dictator revealed a lack of moral fiber which provides inner strength to a man in situations of peril. Musharraf cowered in terror like a namby-pamby criminal whenever required to appear before the court. naively planted bombs were discovered on his route to the court. the government provided extraordinary security cover to Musharraf up to the court’s premises and surrounding areas. the security arrangements included mobile phone jammers, at least 1,000 police personnel along with contingents of commandos and Rangers, deployment of containers to cordon off traffic, and bomb scanners. But the arrangements failed to raise the sagging morale of the weakkneed man. On the way to court he suddenly made a diversion to the aFiC on the plea that he had suddenly developed heart trouble. With hopes of army intervention and help from foreign friends fading, Musharraf’s lawyers tried every possible way to save his neck, beginning with a plea to allow him to go abroad for treatment. Failing in this, attempts were made to prove that the special court was prejudiced. as the court continued to show patience, despite frequent provocations, the objective couldn’t be achieved. attempts were made to pick a fight with the state prosecutor, the legality of his appointment, and the formation of the special court was challenged. the sC was approached to annul the landmark July 31, 2009 judgment. When the petition was thrown out another futile attempt was made to argue before the apex court that warrants to arrest Musharraf were illegal. at Friday’s hearing the special court accepted another request from Musharraf’s lawyers that he be excused until February 18. the prayer for delay was made as hopes of help from unseen quarters still persist in Musharraf’s camp. national interest requires that no extraneous intervention be made in judicial proceedings. the introduction of any deus ex machina to change the natural course of events is bound to be widely resented.

Dedicated to the legacy of the late Hameed Nizami

Arif Nizami Editor

Aziz-ud-Din Ahmad Joint Editor Lahore – Ph: 042-36375963-5 Fax: 042-32535230 Karachi – Ph: 021-35381208-9 Fax: 021-35381208 Islamabad – Ph: 051-2287273 Fax: 051-2818125 Web: www.pakistantoday.com.pk Email: editorial@pakistantoday.com.pk

Saturday, 8 February, 2014

News and the importance of the right language To inform and create awareness or shock and sensationalise? Emma alam

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akistani news channels have become more than a source of disseminating information; they have become a business to earn more revenue to seek more audiences. Moreover, the exaggerated and sensational language of Pakistani news channels causes chaos, restlessness and impatient approach in the society, which can ultimately cause irrational and unsympathetic attitudes in masses. thus, the impact of language on viewers, culture, psychology, religion, politics, and national and foreign affairs, is colossal. since Pakistan has a low literacy rate and the illiterate population cannot access print media, television is the only medium that can be used as a vital source to bring a consensus on serious issues. However, during recent years in Pakistan, credibility and objectivity of news has been relegated to secondary position, while the amount of panic it causes has become the prime focus. sensationalism has become its bedrock, as market-driven language seems to be the objective of most of our television news channels. insignificant news catches priority in headlines while over exposure of acts of leaders, degrading politicians’ image, language manipulation in current affairs talk shows, deliberate arousal of conflict at the hands of anchor persons, heated press conferences, and heartwrenching segments of ‘breaking news’ are blown out of proportion. anchors further sensationalise and spice up news. What an anchorperson says is sometimes considered the last and final word. across the world, there is a clear difference between entertainment channels

and news channels. But in Pakistan, news itself has become entertainment. all major incidents, either good or bad, need to be reported, but the main objective should be to inform and create awareness, not to shock and sensationalise. according to Pakistani news channels, it seems there is nothing right, and we live in eternal chaos. People living abroad think we are being shot at every day and there is a war going on in major areas of the country. the emotional, dramatic element, background music, spicy words and sensational language have become an indispensable part of any news, thus making it a commodity to earn highest ratings and revenue. On Pakistani news channels, anchor persons are trained to be loud and assertive in order to get more ratings; moreover, they must have the skill to arouse anger among participants resulting in verbal spats. Even the language of the most renowned talk shows, which are popular due to their non-serious and somehow sarcastic nature, is not according to the standards set by PEMRa; very offensive and unethical language is being used by the hosts and participants. Mockery of people in the name of comedy, jokes and ironic statements make it more ridiculous. such talk shows and current affair programs lack ideology, vision and substance. they often remain unable to report facts with credibility, make judgments, form opinions or lead the nation towards more logical and rational solutions of problems. Rather, they make a picture more vague through their verbosity. Mostly, language on Pakistani news channels is scripted and planted, in order to get the desired outcome. in a leaked video on Youtube, anchorpersons were shown planting questions and fabricating the language of

the program. this video puts a question mark on the credibility and authenticity of such political talk shows, debates and current affair programs. news-specific studies suggest that news bulletins edited to display negative material increase both anxiety and sadness in viewers, who were also more likely to ‘catastrophise’ personal worries, than those shown clips edited to display positive material (Johnston & Davey, 1997). according to a research, the majority of the respondents say the language of Pakistani news channels affects negatively the psychology of viewers to a great extent. since television can change the viewer’s attitudes and orientation, language of Pakistani news channels has been used as a tool to control ideology of people, moreover, language is manipulated to shape public opinion. Different religious groups use language of Pakistani news channels to penetrate their particular creed among masses. Furthermore, language of Pakistani news channels has been used as a tool by political parties. Even in Pakistan, viewers are more aware now regarding their political participation and voting rights due to impact exerted by language of news channels. From election campaigns to marketing campaigns, or the promotion of Us aiD programs, language has been used and customised deliberately in order to gain required interests and profits. Even particular ideology has been penetrated into masses through such tools and techniques. Often heated discussions and debates in political talk shows end up in smoke; without any logical conclusion. Rather, controversial language gives vent to new disputes. to a great extent, language of Pakistani news channels is propagating insecurity through negative propaganda. news

channels frequently sensitise information regarding politics, crime, terrorism, celebrity, etc. if we observe talk shows and current affair programmes, language of such shows is very unsettling and loud. in these talk shows, participants use sensational words along with offensive body language that spoils the decorum of the talk show, as they draw a very outrageous picture through their words. if responsible participants of such political talk shows and elected members of Parliament use such words to paint a frightening picture of the socio political scenario, then obviously the general public, especially the youth, will be adversely affected. television news channels and other broadcast media are considered to be influential agents of change. Especially in societies where almost all the social indicators portray a negative picture, the role of news channels in bringing social change becomes immensely important. news channels were introduced with the objective to promote awareness, to develop a consciousness about the cultural heritage, social and economic growth of the Country, and to provide a direct linkage with the world around. the capacity of news channels’ language in bringing changes in society at a grassroot level has been realised by policymakers right from the beginning. thus, the language of Pakistani news channels can serve as proper ambassador of the masses, if it mirrors issues without any prejudice and mitigates its ever increasing desire for more audiences and ultimately for more revenue. Emma Alam is an M Phil in Applied Linguistics from Kinnaird College, Lahore. She writes on social and anthropological issues and can be reached at emmaalam@gmail.com.

Iraq near implosion The ‘bad years’ are back

Ramzy BaRoud

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s U.s. secretary of state John kerry hurried to his helicopter ready to take off at the end of a visit to iraq last year, it was becoming clearer that the americans have lost control of a country they wished to mold to their liking. His departure on March 24, 2013 was the conclusion of a ‘surprise’ visit meant to mark the 10th anniversary of the Us invasion of iraq. ten years prior, the Us had stormed Baghdad, unleashing one of the 20th century’s most brutal and longest conflicts. since then, iraq has not ceased to bleed. kerry offered nothing of value on that visit, save the same predictable clichés of iraq’s supposedly successful democracy, as a testament to some imagined triumph of american values. But it was telling that a decade of war was not even enough to assure an ordinary trip for the american diplomat. it was a ‘surprise’ because no amount of coordination between the Us embassy, then consisting of 16,000 staff, and the iraqi government, could guarantee kerry’s safety. Yet something sinister was brewing in iraq. Mostly Muslim sunni tribesmen were fed up with the political paradigm imposed by the americans almost immediately upon their arrival, which divided the coun-

try based on sectarian lines. the sunni areas, in the center and west of the country, paid a terrible price for the Us invasion that empowered political elites purported to speak on behalf of the shia. the latter, who were mostly predisposed by iranian interests, began to slowly diversify their allegiance. initially, they played the game per Us rules, and served as an iron fist against those who dared resist the occupation. But as years passed, the likes of current Prime Minister nouri al-Maliki, found in iran a more stable ally: where sect, politics and economic interests seamlessly align. thus, iraq was ruled over by a strange, albeit undeclared troika in which the Us and iran had great political leverage where the shiadominated government cleverly attempted to find balance, and survive. Of course, a country with the size and history of iraq doesn’t easily descend into sectarian madness on its own. But shia and sunni politicians and intellectuals who refused to adhere to the prevailing intolerant political archetype were long sidelined – killed, imprisoned, deported and simply had no space in today’s iraqas national identity was banished by sect, tribe, religion and race. Currently, the staff of the Us embassy stands at 5,100, and american companies are abandoning their investments in the south of iraq where the vast majority of the country’s oil exists. it is in the south that al-Maliki has the upper hand. He, of course, doesn’t speak on behalf of all shia, and is extremely intolerant of dissidents. in 2008, he fought a brutal war to seize control of Basra from shia militias who challenged his rule. Later, he struck the Mehdi army of shia cleric Moqtada sadr in a Baghdad suburb. He won in both instances, but at a terrible toll. His shia rivals would be glad to see him go. Maliki’s most brutal battles however have been reserved for dissenting sunnis. His government, as has become the habit of most arab dictators, is claiming to have

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been fighting terrorism since day one, and is yet to abandon the slogans it propagates. While militant sunni groups, some affiliated with al-Qaeda, have indeed taken advantage of the ensuing chaos to promote their own ideology, and solicit greater support for their cause, iraq’s sunnis have suffered humiliation of many folds throughout the years long before al-Qaeda was introduced to iraq – courtesy of the Us invasion. iraq’s sunni tribes, despite every attempt at negotiating a dignified formulation to help millions of people escape the inferno of war, were dismissed and humiliated. the likes of former Us secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld was notorious for his targeting of sunni tribes and mercilessness with any community that in any way supported or tolerated the resistance. Due to strong support by shia militias, which served as the core of today’s iraqi army, and kurdish militias in the north, the resistance was isolated and brutalized. that history is not only relevant, but it is not history to begin with. it is the agonizing reality. When the last Us military column snaked out of iraq into kuwait in Dec. 2011, the Us was leaving iraq with the worst possible scenario: a sectarian central government that was beyond corrupt, plus many ruthless parties vying for power or revenge and sectarian polarization at its most extreme manifestation. nonetheless, iraq is still very important to the americans. it is perhaps a failed military experiment, but it is still rich of oil and natural gas. Moreover, iraq is getting richer, the draft of the iraqi budget for 2014 “anticipates average exports of 3.4m barrels/day (b/d), up 1m b/d from the previous year,” according to the Economist intelligence Unit. “Radical shifts are certainly on the horizon,” reported Forbes on the future of the oil market. something is driving speculation and that “something is iraq.” (Jan 31) iraq’s prospected oil production potential “dwarfs everything else”, reported Canada’s Globe & Mail,

citing Henry Groppe, a respected oil and gas analyst. “it’s the thing that everybody ought to be watching and following as closely as possible,” he said. Drawing its conclusions for the 2012 iraq Energy Outlook, the international Energy agency reported that iraq could be “reaching output in excess of 9 mb/d by 2020”, which “would equal the highest sustained growth in the history of the global oil industry.” and many are indeed watching. kerry and the Us administration are hardly fond of Maliki, for the latter is too close to tehran to be trusted. But he is iraq’s strongest man commanding about 930,000 security personnel “spread across the army, police force and intelligence services,” according to the BBC, and that for the americans must count for something. However, iraq’s riches cannot be easily obtained. sure, the country’s strong parties are comforted by the fact that the army crackdown on sunni tribes, alQaeda affiliated militias and other groups in al-anbar and elsewhere is happening outside the country’s main oil field. But they shouldn’t discount just how quickly civil wars spiral out of control. the death toll in 2013 was alarmingly high, over 8,000, mostly civilians, according to the Un. it is the highest since 2008. iraq’s ‘bad years’ seem to be making a comeback. this time the Us has little leverage over iraq to control the events from afar. “this is a fight that belongs to the iraqis,” kerry said in recent comments during a visit to Jerusalem. indeed, with little military and diplomatic presence, the Us can do very little. in fact, they have done enough. Ramzy Baroud is an internationallysyndicated columnist, a media consultant and the editor of PalestineChronicle.com. His latest book is “My Father Was a Freedom Fighter: Gaza’s Untold Story” (Pluto Press, London).


WORLD VIEW 09

Saturday, 8 February, 2014

Taliban gaining upper hand in Afghanistan and Pakistan?

BBC

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ahmed Rashid

HE leaders of both Afghanistan and Pakistan have embarked on the perilous path of trying to talk with the Taliban, but they have surrendered the political initiative to the militants and risk the integrity of the state by declining to hold institutional talks. The Taliban are playing for time by pretending to negotiate, while they exert their power and influence in order to fulfil

their political objectives and continue to carry out suicide bomb attacks. President Hamid Karzai now admits that he has been in secret contact with the Afghan Taliban over the past few months, while failing to use state bodies expressly set up for the purpose such as the High Peace Council. Meanwhile, he has infuriated the Americans by refusing to sign a treaty that would ensure the presence of US and Nato troops beyond December 2014, when all Western forces are due to leave. The Loya Jirga, an assembly of Afghan elders, and the country's parliament both endorsed the treaty last year. Controversial peaCe proCess Most Afghans want foreign troops to stay but Mr Karzai has taken a provocative stance towards the US, partly, it now appears, to try and convince the Taliban that he is anti-American and sincere about not wanting US forces to stay on. One of Mr Karzai's conditions to make up with Washington is for the US to restart a dialogue with the Taliban that was broken off by the militants themselves two years ago. This mirrors a Taliban demand as clearly any talks now, with presidential elections approaching and the future uncertain, would elevate the Taliban's political status. Meanwhile Mr Karzai responded late

to the continued mass killings by the Taliban such as the attacks on a Kabul restaurant last month that killed 13 foreigners including four UN officials, stopping short of an outright condemnation. Instead he took the chance to castigate the US in the wake of that attack and a US air strike in Parwan province. So far it seems that the Taliban have cornered Mr Karzai and are winning the political game on all counts. Mr Karzai's secret talks have yielded no results, the Taliban are offering no concessions and no let-up in their attacks. Military offensive In Pakistan, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has now launched a controversial peace process with the Pakistani Taliban. Until last week there was a confluence of interests of support for a military offensive against the Taliban, whose attacks have killed hundreds of soldiers and civilians just in the past few months. Domestic public opinion, the media, opposition political parties, Pakistan's immediate neighbours, the region and Western allies had all shown support for military action to restore the state's sovereignty over Pakistan's badlands. It was a once in a lifetime moment. Instead, Mr Sharif announced he would hold talks with the Pakistani Taliban. He chose a committee made up of figures who

are loyal to him, and those seen as sympathetic to the Taliban, to initiate negotiations. The Taliban nominated ultra-conservative religious leaders to negotiate rather than their own leaders. Although these religious figures are considered Taliban sympathisers, they are still only intermediaries. It is a clever move as it absolves the Taliban of any real responsibility in the negotiations because they are not directly involved. They also maintain a veto power over the intermediary committee, which can always be blamed if things go wrong. Even more humiliating is that the state is now seen to be talking with groups long condemned by the government itself as terrorist and anti-state. DiCtating the Course The army remains deeply frustrated at this turn of events but it needs the political cover which only the elected government can provide before it launches an offensive. The army has maintained a geo-political agenda as it has gone after Pakistani Taliban, but left alone Afghan Taliban who could still be a strategic asset for Pakistan. After days of wrangling, the delegations have only just met. Meanwhile the Taliban sustain a long and bloody list of attacks. There have been two suicide bombings on consecutive days in a cinema and a restaurant in Peshawar that killed 14 people and injured more than 60 - even as the two

committees were deciding when to meet. The government's decision to reach out to the Taliban has unleashed a barrage of mullahs appearing on television and in the press, all clamouring for the Taliban's main demand - the imposition of Sharia (Islamic law), which some insist could be carried out without changing the constitution. Mr Sharif has opened a Pandora's Box, giving anti-democratic forces legitimacy and unprecedented access to the media and public opinion. Taliban sympathisers are now insisting that the government must first implement Sharia and then negotiate with the Taliban. Pakistan appears to be on a cusp of enormous if not bloody changes. With the government weak and unprepared for an overarching strategy - that should include military action, reclaiming lost territory, economic development and talks - instead the Taliban and their sympathisers have the advantage. Once constricted to a small corner of Pakistan, now the Taliban appear to be dictating the political future course for the entire country. If the government concedes on changing the legal system, Pakistan will cease to exist as a democratic country and its economic future will also be in peril. Ahmed Rashid is a Pakistani journalist and author based in Lahore.

Why House of Saud hates Iran Press TV Finian Cunningham

In countless media interviews and statements, it is clear that the Saudi rulers have an abiding obsession with Iran - an obsession that betrays an intense fear and hatred. Senior members of the House of Saud have let it be known that their real focus in Syria, for example, is not primarily the government of Bashar al Assad, and their desire for regime change, but rather the main target is Assad's closest regional ally - Iran. Everywhere in the region, the paranoid House of Saud sees the hand of Iran. In an oped piece in the New York Times in December, the Saudi Ambassador to Britain, Mohammed bin Nawaf bin Abdulaziz al Saud, accused Iran without any evidence, saying that it "has financed and trained militias in Iraq, Hezbollah terrorists in Lebanon and militants in Yemen and Bahrain." This is, of course, ironically crass, coming from the House of Saud, which is probably the sponsor of terrorists or terror regimes, such as the al-Qaedalinked Jabhat al Nusra in Syria, ISIS in Iraq and the ruling Al Khalifa despots in Bahrain. But the main point here is that Saudi Arabia, or at least its rulers led by the aging King Abdullah, is transfixed in animosity towards Iran. That obsession is driven by a visceral hatred. Why? The short answer is self-preservation. But there are at least three specific reasons for this hatred, and they are inter-related. The first is religious. The official religion of Saudi Arabia is Wahhabism. In this extreme deformation, Shia Islam is viewed as an intolerable apostasy. It is not just Shia that are perceived as "infidels". All forms of Muslim faith, including Sunnis, as well as Christians and other religions, that are deemed to not conform with the Wahhabi fundamentalist doctrine are considered infidels and are subject to merciless attack, even to the point of death. In the warped Wahhabi belief Shia Muslims are the worst kind of "infidels". This explains why Shia and the closely related Alawite are subject to the most barbaric forms of violence in the Syrian conflict, where the anti-Syrian government militants are mainly driven by Wahhabi ideology - also known as Takfiris. For historical reasons, Iran is the centre of Shia Islam in the region and the world. Iran therefore qualifies as the centre of Saudi hatred. The second factor goes back to the Islamic Revolution in Iran. When the Iranian revolution succeeded in 1979 to kick out the US-backed dictator, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, that turmoil threatened all autocratic rulers in the region from the inspirational impact it conveyed to other populations to rise up against oppressive regimes. The House of Saud felt particu-

larly threatened. That is why the Saudi rulers responded immediately by setting up the Persian Gulf Defense pact in the early 1980s, which comprised the other monarchies of Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates and Oman. Indeed, the Saudi rulers' hatred of Iran has only intensified since the Iranian revolution. The House of Saud views Iran's demonstratively more democratic credentials as a mortal threat to its despotism. The more Iran's political influence grows in the region, the more the Saudi rulers fear an existential threat. This explains the paranoid mindset of the House of Saud towards Iran, as expressed by its ambassador to Britain cited above, which suspects that Iranian subversion is everywhere, even when it isn't. The third factor is more mundane, but perhaps is the ultimate concern for the House of Saud - the vital issue of oil and gas economics. Of the 12 OPEC member states, the top three producers are Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Iran. Of most significance is Iran's enormous gas wealth, which is as yet hardly tapped as an economic resource. Natural gas is the fuel of the future for the next century, being more efficient as an energy source in terms of transport via pipelines and in terms of calorific output. Environmentally, natural gas is a much cleaner fuel than oil, giving off much less harmful byproducts from combustion. Iran is reckoned to hold the largest known reserves of natural gas on Earth in its Pars Field. If Iran's international relations were normalized by the removal of trade sanctions, the country stands to become an even more formidable global source of energy. Of particular strategic importance is the European market for which Iran would be a top supplier, along with Russia (a non-OPEC member). This development, which has an inexorable trajectory owing to irrepressible human need, is seen by the House of Saud as an imperative threat. Saudi Arabia is endowed with oil, but much less so with natural gas. Saudi strategic value as an energy producer is therefore on the wane, whereas Iran is bound to grow owing to its vast natural gas deposits. At all costs, from the Saudi point of view, Iran must be prevented from developing its potential energy wealth. Saudi Arabia is living on borrowed time. Its oil reserves will eventually be surpassed by Iran's gas riches. Already, the Saudi rulers are sitting atop a demographic time bomb of an increasing and unemployed youth population, which so far has been placated with state fiscal handouts from its oil exports. The days for those handouts are numbered. What will happen when Saudi's oil economy goes into demise, and is sidelined with the new global energy economy

of natural gas in which Iran is a leading nation? That will translate into greater Iranian political influence in the region and a diminishing hold on power by the sclerotic Saudi autocrats. The political and economic fate of the United States is closely tied to the Saudi petrodollar economy and that of the other Persian Gulf monarchies. The bankrupt American dollar is already largely on lifesupport due to the Saudis and their related sheikhdoms dealing in the commodity with the greenback and funneling profits into the US Treasury, propping up the dollar. If Iran were to develop to its full potential, trade in oil and more importantly natural gas would most likely be denominated in Euro, Ruble, Yen or Yuan. That is a doomsday scenario for the US dollar and its long overdue collapse. Ultimately, Washington shares the intense antipathy of the House of Saud towards Iran's unfettered political and economic freedom. Not for arcane Wahhabi reasons, but for vital economic self-preservation. Hence, the sharp rebuke from Washington this week when a French business delegation visited Iran to explore possible partnerships. US Secretary of State John Kerry reportedly phoned his French counterpart Laurent Fabius in a panic to protest at the delegation. The last thing the Americans want to see is Iran doing independent trade with Europe without the dollar. The Saudi despots and their American patrons cannot afford Iranian development as an economic power. That directly threatens the House of Saud, politically and economically, which in turn threatens Washington to its very core. For all of the above reasons, the Saudi rulers fear Iran above all else. The Zionist Israeli regime and its desecration of Islamic sanctities in East Al Quds (Jerusalem) does not even raise a single heckle for the Al Saud - the self-proclaimed Custodians of Islam. Their only fear and hatred are expressed in waging covert war against Iran and its allies, including Syria and the people of Bahrain, Iraq, Yemen and anywhere else. They want Iran contained, thwarted, sanctioned at all costs, and Washington by geopolitical necessity is on the Saudi side. But as the tectonic plates of global energy needs shift inexorably over the coming decades, the Saudi rulers and their American patrons will find themselves on the losing side. In a very real way, this spells death to al Saud and the American Empire. Hence, the hatred. Finian Cunningham has worked as a scientific editor for the Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, England, before pursuing a career in journalism. For nearly 20 years, he worked as an editor and writer in major news media organisations, including The Mirror, Irish Times and Independent.

Drones should follow the threat CommenTary max Boot The news from the Wall Street Journal that the Obama administration is looking to end drone strikes in Pakistan by 2018–the end of Pakistani leader Nawaz Sharif’s current term in office–is not terribly surprising. President Obama has spoken often, most recently in his State of the Union address, about his desire to shift away from a “permanent war footing” and, as part of that shift, to reduce the use of drone strikes, which hit new highs during the early years of his administration. If only our enemies were moving off a war footing too. But they’re not. In Pakistan groups such as the Afghan Taliban, the Haqqani Network, Lashkar-e-Taiba, and the Pakistani Taliban remain more threatening than ever, even if al-Qaeda central has been weakened, and there is scant cause to think that the Pakistani state is interested in, or capable of, dealing with them on its own. Indeed Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence agency is in cahoots with many of these organizations, so it is more foe than friend in this struggle against terror. Drone strikes are certainly not a cure-all for the terrorist threat, as I have written in the past, but they are a valuable tool–and one that the U.S. should not give up lightly. Especially when we are dramatically reducing our troop levels in Afghanistan, drones remain one of the few effective ways to strike at our enemies and those of our allies. Indeed the administration would be well advised to expand drone strikes, at least temporarily, within Pakistan to target the Quetta Shura of the Afghan Taliban which, for fear of offending Pakistani sensibilities, has been exempt from drone strikes before. With the Quetta Shura facing less military pressure in Afghanistan, following our troop drawdown, this would be one way to keep this organization off balance. The question the administration should be addressing is not how quickly it can eliminate drone strikes in Pakistan but how quickly it can expand drone strikes to other areas where al-Qaeda has taken root–in particular western Iraq and northern and eastern Syria. This area, which crosses the Iraq-Syria border, has become a jihadist stronghold in the past year and it is a threat not just to regional governments but to the U.S. Director of National Intelligence James Clapper has just testified that there are 26,000 jihadist fighters in Syria alone, including 7,000 foreigners, and that some of them are plotting against the American homeland. Neither the Syrian nor the Iraqi government has shown much ability to address the problem. In fact, we don’t want the Syrian government to address the problem because Bashar Assad’s preferred approach to counterinsurgency is to perpetuate war crimes. The Iraqi government isn’t as bad but it, too, favors a blunt force approach that usually backfires. That is why I am so concerned about the administration’s plan to sell Apache helicopters and Hellfire missiles to Baghdad. Those weapons are as likely to be used against Sunni political foes of Prime Minister Maliki as they are against true al-Qaeda terrorists. I would have more confidence in U.S.-operated drones, although there is a question of where they would be based–Iraq? Turkey? Jordan? Israel? Liberated parts of Syria? Saudi Arabia? Whatever the case, there is an urgent need for action to stop al-Qaeda from developing secure sanctuaries in Syria and Iraq, and drone strikes, assuming that local bases could be established, could be an effective tool in this fight if they are based on good intelligence. If the U.S. is going to shift part of its drone infrastructure out of Afghanistan–and, for the next few years anyway, this is probably a mistake–it should be shifted to the Middle East where the threat is growing every day.


10 BUSINESS

Saturday, 8 February, 2014

( Insider trading? )

KSE investigates staff access to trading data KARACHI staff rePOrt

T

HE Karachi Stock Exchange is investigating whether staff profited from years of unauthorised access to real time trading data in a market that has rocketed more than 450 per cent since 2009. The potential breach came to light after two whistleblowers accused senior staff of accessing sensitive trading data through a secure network and accessing emails without authority, according to confidential documents seen by Reuters. Some board members expressed concern the access could have allowed the staff to benefit because they knew of individual buy and sell orders, the documents show. Any suggestion that staff may have illegally profited from having access to real-time market data stands to deal a blow to the KSE, where about a third of shares freely available to investors are held by foreigners. In the first public acknowledgement of the potential breach, KSE Managing Director Nadeem Naqvi told Reuters an investigation was underway into whether any individuals profited. “My primary focus from day one has been data security,” he said. “The integrity of the exchange depends on this.” With a market capitalization of $54 billion, the KSE is Asia’s third-smallest stock exchange in US dollars among those monitored daily by Thomson Reuters. Only Vietnam and Sri Lanka are smaller. Last year, the Karachi 100 stock index rose 38 percent in U.S. dollar terms, making it the 10th best performing stock market in the world. The index soared to a record of more than 27,200 points in January from less than 5,000 points in early 2009. INVEsTIGaTION: Pakistani consultancy

Sidat Hyder Morshed Associates, which was asked to investigate by the KSE, said in a report in December that senior IT staff were able to read staff emails and monitor trades conducted through secure systems in real time. It said “some IT staff” had this access, without giving a precise number. These members of staff could monitor individual unique identification numbers that track trading activity. The report also noted that former manager director, Adnan Afridi, had access to such trading data. He said this was because market surveillance teams reported to him. “There was no impropriety,” he told Reuters. “A feed was available to my computer so I could see if there was anything we needed to take action on.” Afridi noted that since reforms enacted last year, the managing director of the KSE is no longer responsible for market surveillance. Reuters has seen the consultancy’s report and KSE minutes of board meetings where the issue was discussed. The documents are confidential. The consultancy did not investigate whether the staff had manipulated the market. Instead, it was asked to identify the whistleblowers and authenticate their claims. Naqvi said he was now investigating whether the staff had profited from the data. His team is expected to issue a report on its findings to the KSE board in two weeks, he said. The consultancy will also issue another report before March with recommendations for security upgrades of KSE systems, he said. The KSE did not retain deleted emails and did not log who was accessing emails or trading data, the consultancy’s report said, making it hard to find evidence of manipulation. The report found that staff had apparently been tipped off to the investigation and may

( COLLECTION OF UTILITY BILLS )

Dar meets Sheikh Nahyan bin Mubarak

SBP snubs ‘delinquent’ bank branches

DUBAI aGenCies

Federal Minister for Finance, Economic Affairs, Revenue and Statistics Senator Ishaq Dar met with Sheikh Nahyan bin Mubarak al Nahyan, the minister of culture, youth and social development of the United Arab Emirates at Abu Dhabi, and discussed matters of mutual interests. The finance minister enquired about the health of UAE President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan and conveyed good wishes and prayers of the Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif for his good health and long life. Sheikh Nahyan bin Mubarak al Nahyan said that the United Arab Emirates leadership and its people enjoyed close historical and cultural relations with the people and leadership of Pakistan. He expressed the confidence that these relations would strengthen further with the passage of time. Senator Dar said that Pakistan and UAE enjoyed close fraternal relations which were deep rooted in shared history, culture, and heritage. Pakistani leadership and its people value its bond of fraternity and look forward to expand cooperation with UAE in all fields, he added. The minister said the Pakistani leader-

Govt to remove federal industries secretary Islamabad: The government has decided to remove federal secretary, ministry of industries and production, Shafqat Mehmood, from his post. Sources said final notification of Shafqat Mehmood’s removal would be issued in few days. It is pertinent to mention that Shafqat Mehmood was also chairman of the Board of Utility Stores Corporation (USC), which convened a board meeting secretly on 3rd of this month thus invited the wrath of the prime minister. Online

have deleted files. Sidat Hyder Morshed Associates declined to comment. cONcErN: Minutes of KSE board meetings show that members were concerned by the potential breach. “Persons privy to such information might be involved in front-running,” said Mohammad Sohail, the minutes of a December 12 meeting show. Front-running is when insiders with privileged knowledge make a trade based on the information ahead of time or simultaneously. It is illegal in Pakistan. Another board member, Kamal Afsar, expressed concern that the security breach could have contributed to a 2008 stock market crash, which wiped two thirds off the value of the stock market. “Live market data was visible to selected persons which could have led to market manipulation,” he said in a December 9 meeting, according to the minutes. “If the investigation is broadened, it may provide more disclosures.” Afsar and Sohail did not respond to several requests for comment. The minutes show that many staff had their access to secure systems revoked, outside consultants were brought in to strengthen the security of the KSE systems and the whistleblowers were thanked, not disciplined. “I do not believe in letting bygones be bygones,” said Naqvi. “If people exploited the system, we will find them.” But the Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP) is hobbled by a slow legal system in pursuing harsh penalties for offenders. If the accused contest their fines, cases can drag on for years, it says. However, critics say the SECP has other powers, including barring fraudsters from trading, which it rarely uses.

ship and its people acknowledge UAE’s contributions and cooperation for the development of Pakistan. He said that we eulogize UAE progress and achievements. Sheikh Nahyan expressed his confidence that the present government would soon overcome the economic challenges confronting the country. Sheikh Nahyan bin Mubarak al Nahyansaid said Pakistan was his second home and assured that his government would extend all possible cooperation for economic development of Pakistan. Pakistan Ambassador to UAE Asif Ali Khan Durrani, Press Counsellor Muhammad Abdul Wahid Khan and First Secretary Salman Sharif also attended the meeting.

KarachI: The central bank Friday chided the bank branches which the regulator said had been noticed not accepting utility bills from the general public. Referring to the instructions it issued vide BPRD Circular Letter No 25 on August 26, 2009, the State Bank said in terms of Supreme Court of Pakistan’s directives under sou motu case No 4 of 2006, all bank branches were inter alia advised to invariably collect utility bills from general public, if approached, during the banking hours. “It has, however, been noticed that some of the bank branches generally refuse to accept utility bills from public due to network and/or system problems,” said the SBP. This tendency, it said, had been viewed seriously on the part of all such “delinquent branches”. Henceforth, banks are advised to desist from adoption of this practice and ensure uninterrupted collection of utility bills from general public as per spirit of the SBP’s directives. In case of network/system problem, the concerned branch must make manual arrangements to collect utility bills from the public which shall be processed through the system later on. Any deviation or noncompliance of above instructions shall attract punitive action under the provisions of Banking Companies Ordinance, 1962. staff rePOrt

Major Gainers COMPANY Bata (Pak) Colgate Palmoliv Service Ind.Ltd Murree Brewery Millat Tractors

OPEN 3199.00 1620.00 475.00 885.00 466.00

HIGH 3200.00 1690.00 493.89 907.18 480.00

LOW 3116.01 1566.00 475.00 885.00 465.00

CLOSE CHANGE 3189.00 72.99 1690.00 42.50 493.89 23.51 886.45 22.46 473.46 9.07

TURNOVER 120 840 16,200 40,600 58,600

11690.00 730.00 584.25 601.00 4840.00

10700.04 693.50 584.25 584.00 4540.00

10700.04 693.62 584.25 586.22 4761.40

-563.16 -36.38 -30.75 -13.78 -12.10

680 3,050 200 1,600 2,300

14.09 3.17 9.82 16.89 10.90

13.20 2.74 9.40 16.51 10.25

14.09 2.91 9.59 16.68 10.46

1.00 0.12 0.13 0.16 -0.20

34,446,500 22,618,000 11,153,500 10,848,000 10,004,500

Major Losers Nestle Pak. MithchellsFruitXDXB Fazal Textile National Foods Wyeth Pak Ltd

10700.05 730.00 584.25 601.00 4680.00

Volume Leaders Jah.Sidd. Co. Bank Of Punjab(R) Azgard Nine Fauji Cement Byco Petroleum

13.27 2.75 9.56 16.66 10.75

Interbank Rates USD GBP JPY EURO

PKR 105.3943 PKR 171.7294 PKR 1.0382 PKR 142.5352

Forex Australian Dollar Canadian Dollar China Yuan Euro Japanese Yen Saudi Riyal U.A.E Dirham UK Pound Sterling US Dollar

BUY

SELL

95.1 96 17.15 144 1.035 28.35 29 173.75 105.95

95.35 96.25 17.4 144.25 1.040 28.6 29.25 174 106.2

Pakistani exporters to hold exhibition in S Africa KarachI: A delegation of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry (RCCI) is on its maiden visit to South Africa to study the market, look for business prospects and to make initial assessment for holding a single country exhibition. The delegation is being led by Kashif Shabbir, former president of the Chamber. Meetings of the delegation have been arranged and coordinated by the Trade Commission of Pakistan, Johannesburg. The Rawalpindi Chamber is planning to hold a single country exhi-

bition in South Africa. This will be the first single country exhibition of Pakistan in South Africa. During their visit, the delegation held meetings with local business community to ascertain the market potential, prospects for the export of Pakistani products in the African continent. South Africa is the most important and largest trading partner of Pakistan in the African continent of 54 countries. South Africa is the biggest economy of Africa with GDP of $390 billion and total trade of $ 210 billion. staff rePOrt

SAMSUNG DEMONSTRATES LEADERSHIP!

PTCL rewards customers with free EVO dongle

lahOrE: Samsung Electronics Co, Ltd, demonstrated its leadership in the MENA market by showcasing a range of category-defining products in TVs, home appliances, printing and mobile devices at its MENA Forum in Malaga, Spain. “Samsung has achieved groundbreaking success in this region,” said Choong Ro Lee, President of Samsung Middle East and North Africa. “Thanks to our deep local consumer insight, engineering excellence, software innovation, and clever design, we have achieved sales growth of 38 percent this past year and maintained our position as the brand of choice in the MENA region.” Through its broad product range, Samsung showed how it is bringing consumers seamless navigation, intuitive control and smart solutions. Press release

Islamabad: Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited (PTCL), country’s largest Information Communications Technology (ICT) service provider is rewarding its broadband customers by offering EV0 3.1 dongle absolutely free. The offer adds value to PTCL family experience by providing on-thego and back-up internet connectivity at a nominal price of Rs 500 per month. PTCL fixed and wireless broadband packages are designed to suit every customer’s lifestyle and offer perfect connectivity solutions for Internet surfing, live streaming and downloading. Press release

Nigeria has huge market for Pakistani products: envoy LAHORE staff rePOrt

Nigerian High Commissioner in Islamabad Dauda Danladi has said that the Nigerian market has huge potential for Pakistani rice, textile products, pharmaceuticals and agricultural machinery including tractors, so the Pakistani businessmen should avail opportunities in these areas. The high commissioner was speaking at the Lahore Chamber of Commerce and Industry on Friday. LCCI President

Engineer Sohail Lashari presented address of welcome while Chairman LCCI Committee for Pakistan-Africa Trade Promotion Zafar Mehmood, LCCI former executive committee member Rehmatullah Javaid also spoke on the occasion. The high commissioner said the president of Pakistan and the Punjab chief minister had promised to take business delegations to Nigeria that would pave way for frequent business exchanges between the two countries. Dauda Danladi said that the Punjab chief minister had formed a

committee to finalise modalities for a highpowered visit to Nigeria. The high commissioner expressed the optimism that the trade between Pakistan and Nigeria would get a new boost as both sides were planning to sign various trade-related agreements including Preferential Trade Agreement soon. Speaking on the occasion, LCCI President Engineer Sohail Lashari said that Pakistan’s business community was well aware of the market size of Africa and Nigeria could serve to be the best destination to exploit the potential.

NA adopts SBP annual report on economy ISLAMABAD aPP

The annual report of the State Bank of Pakistan on the state of economy for the year 2012-2013 was presented before the National Assembly on Friday. The report was moved by the parliamentary secretary for finance as per Section 9A(f) of the State Bank of Pakistan Act 1995 and was adopted by the House unanimously.


LEISURE 11

Saturday, 8 February, 2014

HaGaR tHE HoRRIblE

aries

taurus

gemini

You should find it easy to get through today's chores or projects -- your energy is in sync with the universe. Make sure that you share your good fortune with your VIPs if you want even more.

You aren't quite feeling like yourself today, so make sure that you're checking your head before making any big decisions. Better still, try to put off those choices for another day -- or week.

This is a day of beginnings, so try not to worry about follow-through. Get started on an exciting new project or ask out that new hottie. Do whatever it takes to start off in a new direction.

cancer

leo

virgo

Your internal monologue may turn into a dialogue -- or even a chorus! Your energy is splitting over and over again, but eventually you should find a way to bring it all back together.

Your friends are essential to your plans today -- so make sure that you're communicating with them. Your social energy is nearly perfect, so it shouldn't be hard to convince them to help out.

You are mentally agile today, able to pick up on subtle signals and figure out little details like a modernday Sherlock Holmes. Things start to get more interesting as the day goes on.

libra

scorpio

sagittarius

Your mental energy needs an outlet today, so meet with your book group or work out some math problems for fun or otherwise do whatever it takes to make yourself feel smart. It's easier than you think!

Work issues need greater care and delicacy than usual today -make sure that you're giving them your all. Someone you trust may have a hidden agenda, so assume the worst while you plan for the best.

You're focused on the big picture to the exclusion of all else -- but you can't quite take it all in at once. You can still make amazing progress if you push yourself, but clarity comes later.

dIlbERt

GaRFIEld

baldo

capricorn

aQuarius

pisces

You've got to open up today -- there's nothing to be gained from holding back. Your people may be confused about how you really feel, or it could be that they're assuming too much.

You start something up with a friend or colleague that may turn into a deeper relationship. On the other hand, they may read more into it than you do, so be wary of what comes next.

You feel totally overwhelmed today -- though there's good news buried in the stress. Crises like these almost always lead to opportunities, so try to look to the future if possible.

cRosswoRd

sUdokU

ACROSS

bRIdGE

How to play fill in all the squares in the grid so that each row, column and each of the squares contains all the digits. the object is to insert the numbers in the boxes to satisfy only one condition: each row, column and 3x3 box must contain the digits 1 through 9 exactly once.

goose gross hence hurdle maybe mead mist moment mountain nerve pause purpose response roast route seem stab tender terrible terror

Today’s soluTions

dEFENsIvE UNblocks

cHEss white tO PLAY AND MAte iN twO MOVeS 8

DOWN

7 6 5 4 3 2

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

chess solution

A

1.Qe7+ Rxe7 2.Nf6# *

1

sudoku solution

1 paint (anag) (5) 2 fleet sent against england in 1588 (7,6) 3 intrusive in an offensive manner (8) 4 large meal (informal) (4-2) 5 cry (4) 6 putting back what has been used (13) 7 medical instrument (7) 12 Worker (8) 13 not deep (7) 15 occupation — speciality (6) 18 grieve over (5) 19 first-rate — drunk (4)

abject alloy around ashamed beige branch chop chore cloudy comet core dagger deny dish dreams fancy finish flat frame ghost gleam

crossword solution

1 explicitly — bluntly (2,2,4,5) 8 proprietary name for a domestic stove (3) 9 paint — disease of animals (9) 10 introductory test (5,3) 11 stand for — penny-pinching (4) 13 inscrutable person (6) 14 drink (6) 16 invisible emanation (4) 17 a shy male (anag) — dog (8) 20 hindrance (9) 21 flightless bird (3) 22 tanned and coarsened from being outdoors (7-6)

woRd sEaRcH


12

Saturday, 8 February, 2014

ARTS

The real reason women have nighTmares abouT Their husbands

a

nCIenT Asian tribes thought that if you wrote down your bad dreams on clay tablets and threw them in a river, they would be banished forever. The psychiatrists Freud and Jung thought it wasn’t nearly as easy as that, and were convinced the dreamer was reliving some painful experience from the past. Perhaps our natural desire to forget nightmares is why they’ve been neglected as a subject for scientific research. now, however, the most comprehensive study of the phenomenon ever undertaken has cast a new light on the terrors that haunt our night-time hours. Psychologists at the University of Montreal have discovered there’s a gender gulf in the dark corners of our unconscious minds. The survey — where 572 respondents kept diaries about almost 10,000 dreams — revealed men and women have their sleep disturbed by very different torments. Men’s nightmares and bad dreams were more likely to feature themes of disaster or calamity such as floods, earthquakes and war. Conversely, inter-personal conflicts such as those with a spouse, relative or work colleague were much more frequent in women’s nightmares — and much rarer with men. The people who appear in bad dreams also vary fundamentally between men and women. The latter usually have nightmares about people and in settings they know, while many of the scenes and characters in men’s nightmares are completely fictitious. There are several possible explanations for all this, Professor Antonio Zadra, the study’s co-author and one of the world’s top dream researchers, tells me. It could be down to evolution and, for instance, the male’s deeply ingrained role as the protector, always on the lookout for physical threats to his family. Some experts believe

the main reason we dream is to rehearse in our minds how to survive dangerous situations. ‘In men’s case, nightmares could be a throwback to those times when their survival was based on the fight-or-flight response,’ says Dr Zadra. Another theory is based on the assumption that all our dreams are rooted in our real-life interests and fears. In ‘real life’, men and boys like to watch horror films and thrillers, whereas women prefer emotional dramas. And so that’s how it is in the nocturnal drama of our nightmares. Another gender difference that sur-

global temperature records now available on google earth

prised Dr Zadra was that men are far more prone to nightmares about insects, snakes and rats. He admits he would have expected the opposite, but suggests that while creepy-crawlies may be scary to us all, ‘they don’t humiliate or anger us’. In short, they don’t have that ‘relationship dimension’ that absorbs women — so women don’t dream about them. The study also found that men’s bad dreams and nightmares tend to be more aggressive and unremittingly negative. What people may not realise is that most nightmares start off fairly inoffensively, but then

inkless metal pen that will write forever What if you could have a writing implement that draws a line like a graphite pencil, but in permanent, nonsmudging ink like a pen? Car design company Pininfarina — which has worked with the likes of Ferrari, Maserati, Fiat, Peugeot and Alfa Romeo — unveiled just such a thing at the global stationery trade fair Paperworld in Frankfurt. The 4.EVER Pininfarina Cambiano is a luxurious-looking, tapered affair with a machined aluminium barrel inset with wood sporting the company’s logo. But the barrel itself is solid, not hollow: instead of ink, it has a tip made out of a metal alloy called “ethergraph” that writes, the company claims, forever. COURTESY CNET

But he suspects it goes deeper than that: people who suffer frequent nightmares tend to be more prone to anxiety and depression. And we know, he says, that such disorders are more common in women than in men. The study also showed that we don’t have the sort of nightmares we think we have. That cliché of plunging helplessly through the air hardly ever torments us — falling themes occurred in just over one per cent of all nightmares and bad dreams. The same was true of suffocating, drowning and feeling paralysed. even that other supposed nightmare favourite, being chased, came well down the list of most common themes. Dreams, of course, are very fragile — we forget them quickly unless we write them down immediately. The reason we may think so many nightmares are about falling, suffocating or being pursued by a horrible monster, Dr Zadra believes, is because they are the sort of intense experiences that burn themselves into our memory — regardless of how little they actually crop up when we dream. So, if not falling off a skyscraper or fleeing some unnameable terror down endless dark corridors, what really haunts our dreams most? At the top of the list was physical aggression, including murder, rape and kidnap. These featured in nearly half of all nightmares, but only in a fifth of bad dreams. next came interpersonal conflicts — such as rows, insults, infidelity and rejection — which made their way into just over 20 per cent of nightmares and more than a third of bad dreams. Failure or helplessness — including being late, lost, unable to talk, forgetting or losing something and making mistakes — came third. That was followed by health-related concerns and death, and then by a general feeling of apprehension or worry. COURTESY DAILY MAIL

Your smell may now replace your passport Experts claim they can identify people purely by electronically sniffing them

Climate researchers at the University of East Anglia, U.K., have made the world’s temperature records, dating back to 1850, available via Google Earth. The Climatic Research Unit Temperature Version 4 (CRUTEM4) land-surface air temperature dataset is one of the most widely used records of the climate system.. The new Google Earth format allows users to scroll around the world, zoom in on 6,000 weather stations, and view monthly, seasonal and annual temperature data more easily than ever before. Users can drill down to see some 20,000 graphs — some of which show temperature records dating back to 1850. The move is part of an ongoing effort to make data about past climate and climate change as accessible and transparent as possible. “The beauty of using Google Earth is that you can instantly see where the weather stations are, zoom in on specific countries, and see station datasets much more clearly,” Tim Osborn from UEA’s Climatic Research Unit said. ONLINE

a ‘trigger’ event sends the dream downhill. Men’s dreams become nasty more quickly and stay that way, says Dr Zadra. Furthermore, while women often have a character in their dreams trying to help them, men are more alone in their nightmares with no one on their side. It isn’t just that women have different bad dreams to men — they also appear to have significantly more of them, the study found, which chimes with previous research. It might simply be because women are more interested in their dreams and so tend to recall them better, says Dr Zadra.

Spanish researchers say they have developed an ‘electronic bloodhound’ that can sniff humans to prove their ID. The research of the Group of Biometrics, Biosignals and Security (GB2S) of the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM) in collaboration with Ilía Sistemas SL say the system is already more than 85% accurate. ‘There are recognizable patterns of each person’s body odour that remain steady,’ the team said. ‘Therefore, every person has his/hers own odour and this would allow his/her identification within a group of peo-

Although it’s easy to assume that cats purr because they’re content, research shows that purring is likely a means of communication and a form of self-healing. Yes, your feline friend purrs when you stroke her fur, but cats also purr when they’re frightened or feel threatened, such as during a visit to the veterinarian. Veterinarian Kelly Morgan equates this reaction with smiling. “People will smile when they’re nervous, when they want something, and when they’re happy, so perhaps the purr can also be an appeasing gesture.” A cat’s purr begins in its brain. A repetitive neural oscillator sends messages to the laryngeal muscles, causing them to twitch at a rate of 25 to 150 vibrations per second. This causes the vocal cords to separate when the cat inhales and exhales, producing a purr. According to researchers at the University of Sussex, domestic cats can hide a plaintive cry within their purrs that irritates their humans while appealing to their nurturing instincts.

tity verification in most airports or border checkpoints is based on our physical resemblance to our ID card or passport photo,’ they say. ‘even though the new electronic passports are difficult to forge, the usage of biometric techniques based on a person’s physical features would increase the safety effectiveness of the border control checkpoints. ‘Several biometric techniques like the iris and fingerprint have a low error rate. ‘However, these two techniques are usually related to criminal records and for this reason when a person is required to identify himself is reticent to collaborate. ‘On the other hand, other recognized biometric techniques like the face recognition have a high error rate.’ The team say they drew their inspiration from bloodhounds that have been assisting police forces around the world. AGENCIES

ple at an accurate rate higher than 85%. ‘This result leads the way to improve personal identification that is less aggressive than other biometric techniques being used today.’ The system could eventually be installed in airport to ‘sniff’ passenger as they

pass through. ‘The development of new sensors that allow the capture of body odour can provide a less aggressive solution because the identification could be at the same time when crossing the system stall,’ the researchers said. ‘nowadays, our iden-

Karen McComb, who headed the study, says cats may be exploiting “innate tendencies in humans to respond to cry-like sounds in the context of nurturing offspring.” Dr. Benjamin L. Hart, a veterinarian, says that “Cats apparently learn to do this to get people to feed them sooner.” Purring isn’t just good for cats though — it’s also healthy for cat owners. Studies show that cats do a better job of relieving stress and lowering blood pressure than other pets. In fact, a 10-year study at the University of Minnesota Stroke Centre found that cat owners were 40 percent less likely to have heart attacks than non-cat owners — and purring might play a role in that. “Purring is an auditory stimulus that people attribute to peacefulness and calmness,” says Dr. Rebecca Johnson, director of the Research Centre for Human Animal Interaction. “That gives us positive reinforcement for what we’re doing and can contribute to the whole relaxation effect when we interact with our cats.”

Why do cats purr?

COURTESY MOTHER NATURE NETWORK

CMYK


Saturday, 8 February, 2014

ARTS

Hrithik ignores doctor’s advice He had to be in Shimla to shoot for Bang Bang, but Hrithik Roshan was in Mumbai for a day, to attend younger son Hridhaan’s sports day. And to make sure that he reached the sets on time, the actor took up a long journey by road. He took a flight to Delhi, from where he would fly to Chandigarh. “But when he reached Delhi, all the flights got cancelled due to heavy fog. Instead of waiting around, he decided to travel for around eight hours by road to reach Chandigarh,” says a source close to the actor. Once in Chandigarh, Hrithik rested for three-four hours and hit the road again. It took him four hours to reach Shimla. “He didn’t want to get late for the first day of filming. He reached Shimla the evening before the shoot. He worked out and did extensive rehearsals for his action sequences,” adds the insider. He may have made it to the sets on time, but Hrithik undertook the road journey against doctors’ advice, following a brain surgery last year. The insider says, “Road trips can lead to bumps and jerks, which aren’t good for his health. He has been asked to avoid them.” Despite repeated attempts, Hrithik couldn’t be reached for a comment. NEWS DESK

Only my work understands me: Shah Rukh Khan Shah Rukh Khan, who is back to work after his recent injury, says that even though he is not completely fine, he is comfortable. The actor, who was hurt while shooting for Farah Khan`s “Happy new Year”, resumed work Tuesday. “Worked, dented, bent and broken, but hopefully into shape. Only my work understands me. For the rest, I am outside their content of understanding,” Shah Rukh posted on the microblogging site Tuesday night. The actor will be seen with Abhishek Bachchan, Sonu Sood, Boman Irani, Vivaan Shah and Deepika Padukone in “Happy New Year”. NEWS DESK

John Snow to pay the price for not knowing anything English actor Kit Harington said his character Jon Snow in TV series “Game of Thrones” may die in the latest season of the fantasy drama. He said in the fourth season viewers would see a lot of characters dying. “There’s a lot of death. I could be out of a job by now. Who knows,” Harington said in a statement. This certainly won’t be the end of his acting career as he will soon be seen in 3D action-adventure-romantic drama “Pompeii” which will release February 21. NEWS DESK

Priyanka Chopra dilutes everything like water! Even though the film appears as male-centric, courtesy its title and presence of Ranveer Singh, Arjun Kapoor and Irrfan Khan, it is quite apparent that Priyanka Chopra has a major role to play as well. No wonder, she is now plastered all over the promotional material and though she was missing in the first teaser, today she is a part of every single promo being released, especially the songs and dances. With her song ‘Tune Maari Entriyaan’ already popular, her much hyped French cabaret inspired dance number ‘Asalaam-e-Ishqum’ has resulted in soaring temperatures too. Says Ali, ‘For GUNDAY, I didn’t just need a beautiful looking woman but also an outstanding actress. Priyanka is a stunner; she is just an ideal woman with that peculiar face and body features that only an Indian woman can boast of. As for her acting abilities, I don’t think I am even the right person to talk about. After all, she has proven that time and again. Give her anything and she just makes it happen.’ Meanwhile when it comes to the chemistry being shared between the three leads, Ali exclaims, ‘Well, Arjun is fire, Ranveer is wind and Priyanka is water. She just dilutes everything.’ NEWS DESK

Paul Bettany joins The Avengers Actor Paul Bettany is joining the ranks of MARVEL superheroes after he was cast as The Vision in THE AVENGERS: AGE OF ULTRON. The Da Vinci Code star will step into the spotlight to play the android in the new movie after previously staying behind the scenes in the Marvel universe, voicing Iron Man’s computer, JARVIS, in the three installments of the Robert Downey Jr. led franchise, as well as in 2012’s The Avengers. Bettany joins fellow superheroes in Age of Ultron, including Downey Jr. as Tony Stark/Iron Man Chris Hemsworth as Thor, Chris Evans as Captain America and Mark Ruffalo as The Hulk. The Avengers: Age of Ultron is set to hit cinemas in May, 2015. NEWS DESK

13

Ekta Kapoor to produce a gay love story After directing the disastrous Break Ke Baad, starring Imran Khan and Deepika Padukone, Danish Aslam is all set to direct a film that is to be produced by Ekta Kapoor. This time, it’s gonna be controversial too. As per a leading daily, Danish is working on a contemporary take of the classic Shakespearean play, Romeo and Juliet; which has been done a lot in the recent times (Ishaqzaade Ram Leela). What is different now is that this one will have a gay twist to it. A source says “The script has been written by Anu Menon who last directed the Ali Zaffar-Aditi Rao Hydari starrer London, Paris, New York. Danish took an instant liking to her quirky concept and was ready to bring it on screen. The film is likely to go on the floors in May. Ekta Kapoor will produce the film” “Danish has had several meetings with the head honchos at Balaji Motion Pictures who have green-lighted the project. Fresh faces will play the lead because the film will raise eyebrows,” adds the source. “The casting will be locked only at the end of March. The story revolves around two guys from warring families and a girl. One of the guys is a closet homosexual. That makes the film daringly different,” the source rebeals. When contacted, Danish said, “Right now, I’m not authorised to talk about the project. Please call Balaji for details. It’s my film, but they are the producers so it’s better that they make an official announcement.” NEWS DESK

Not comfortable shooting in presence of my mother: Ranveer Singh Ranveer Singh is one of the few actors who have fiercely guarded his parents from the media glare. Ask him about this and he says that he simply doesn’t wish for them to be around while he’s working. “They were there when I won my debut award. Otherwise, I’m usually performing at these functions and I don’t let them come there or on my film sets,” says Ranveer, adding that their presence is a distraction for him. The actor further explains, “I keep them away because I’m so invested in them that they become my focus. I want them to be comfortable and treated right. I don’t want them to feel lost in the chaos of the sets, and at the same time, I want to be able to focus on my work. You could have a lac people watching me dance naked and I won’t feel conscious, but if my mom is watching, I get conscious.” Ranveer admits that while his mother resents this attitude, “she understands it now”. He did, however, take her on the sets of his 2013 film, Goliyon Ki Rasleela Ram-Leela. “She insisted on seeing what a Sanjay Leela Bhansali movie set functions like. But I prefer keeping my parents away. It’s my personal space, and also, I don’t want them to become public figures. I want them to just be my family.” NEWS DESK

Ali Haider’s ‘Bachpan ki badami yaadain’ wins best song award Famous Pakistani singer Ali Haider has no need for any introduction. His song ‘Bachpan ki Badami Yadein’ won the best song award in Mumbai Short International Film Festival. The music director of the video, Shurobi Menon has also received the Best Music Director Award. The title song of the album Bachpan ki Yadein is based on Ali Haider’s childhood memories which will also depict most of the people childhood memories. NEWS DESK

Zinda Bhaag wins ‘Special Jury Award’ JAIPUR: The trophies at “Zinda Bhaag” team’s shelf gained a new addition when it secured the “Special Jury Award” at the Closing Ceremony of JIFF – the Jaipur International Film Festival. The festival, established in 2009, now in its sixth year, is gradually gaining prestige as one of the more recognized film festivals in India, attended by Bollywood and international filmmakers. The Turkish film “The Butterfly’s Dream” by Yilmaz Erdogan as well as actor-director Amol Palekar were also awarded at JIFF. “Zinda Bhaag”, which already has an international presence by being Pakistan’s official submission at the 2014 Oscars, was also honored with kick-starting JIFF as the “Open-

Emma Watson to star in ‘horrific rape movie’ Emma Watson is set to star in Alejandro Amenabar`s harrowing film about a girl who is raped by her dad. The `Perks of Being a Wallflower` star said that she is passionate about Amenabar and his

work and she is really excited and happy by the challenge that he character in the movie presents to her. The ` Open Your Eyes ` director said that Watson is a beautiful, humane, sensitive and very tal-

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ented woman and he feels very fortunate to be working with her. Watson will star alongside Ethan Hawke, who plays a convicted sex offender who has no memory of his crimes. NEWS DESK

ing Night” feature presentation. According to the press release by the producers, “The popularity of the Zinda Bhaag, amongst the Jaipur audiences could be ascertained by the fact that even before the name of the film was announced for the award, the members of the audience were heard to be cheering and shouting out its name”. NEWS DESK


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Saturday, 8 February, 2014

Phillip Hughes plays the long game A SPOrtS DeSK

T the start of his mid-life novel Big Sur, Jack Kerouac wrestled with the perception created by the runaway success of On the Road. "All over America high school and college kids are thinking Jack Kerouac is 26 years old and on the road hitch-hiking, while there I am, almost 40 years old, bored and jaded..." Phillip Hughes' first visit to South Africa in 2009 created a similar difficulty. Those transcendent days five years ago had him clattering Dale Steyn, Morne Morkel and co to all parts of Johannesburg and Durban, earning breathless raves like this one from Angus Fraser: "It is an unfair comparison to make at his stage of career but I feel he is a bit like Brian Lara." It was unfair. It still is. All over Australia and South Africa cricket followers think Hughes is 20 years old, fearless and outside leg stump cutting, when he is actually past 25, wizened and cautious about a future far less certain than it seemed when he posted his second century of a triumphant Kingsmead Test match. The young man in a hurry is now an older one slightly less so, clear in his memories of that first tour but eager to move beyond them. "It's definitely a tour I'll never, ever forget. It was my first time on the big stage and receiving my baggy green from Ricky Ponting on the morning of the first Test in Jo'burg, and they're times I'll cherish for the rest of my life," Hughes told ESPNcricinfo. "To be only 20 at that stage was something that was really exciting at the time, and five years down the track it all happened very fast. "I was young and fresh and coming off quite a solid season for New South Wales

8th Infotech Golf Championship at Royal Palm

then in four-day cricket, so I had confidence behind me with the four-day form. To jump up to the next level is very different, but I didn't think a lot and just went out there and played with freedom. That series it happened to come off. I like to look forward and not back, those are fond memories I'll always remember, but I love to look forward." Hughes' return to South Africa for a third visit after 2009 and 2011 very nearly did not happen. Despite a prolific start to the Sheffield Shield season for South Australia, fulfilling the wishes of the selectors after they dropped him during last year's Ashes series in England, Hughes was left out for Shaun Marsh, who had usurped him less by runs than by appearances, with perhaps the faintest whiff of T20 form taken into consideration due to the lopsided summer schedule. "It can be challenging with the formats but that's how it is in this day and age, the more cricket you play in all forms and the more you can learn to adapt quicker," Hughes said. "I've found that coming off Big Bash doesn't really matter because at the back of my mind I still had red ball there, and the red ball form with SA meant the confidence was still high." When the squad was announced, Hughes was momentarily stunned, and sought sanctuary on his family's Macksville banana farm in country New South Wales. It is a place of familiar refuge for Hughes, like the cabin that Kerouac returns to three times over the course of Big Sur. He returned to Sydney briefly for the Allan Border Medal, at which he spoke at some length with the national coach Darren Lehmann about where he stood. "When it comes from a selector and coach it's a pleasing thing," Hughes said. "When it comes from outside it doesn't mean as much but it means a lot from a selector or

head coach. When I didn't get picked Darren and I had a really good chat about things in Sydney and he was really good about things moving forward and gave me really good confidence. When I walked away from that chat I felt really good about things." As much as these words helped, Hughes remained uncertain about what lay ahead, and returned to Macksville. It was there that news of Marsh's latest leg muscle injury reached him, closely followed by a call from the national selector John Inverarity to say he was now on standby for South Africa. Having returned to Adelaide for some hopeful net sessions, confirmation of his flight to the republic followed soon after. "That's the career of a sportsman I suppose," he said. "I've been through a lot of

England later that year, against New Zealand in 2011, in India in 2013 and at Lord's later that same year have been weighed against the sense that no young batsman with Hughes' appetite for hundreds will forever languish in the shadow of his first series. Such thoughts have at times clouded Hughes, as his bush technique has faced no end of examinations and his confidence has ebbed and flowed across seasons, states and continents. But he has now reached an age and a mindset that is less concerned by attaining his former peak than working assiduously and methodically to build a platform for the next one. Not playing a Test on this tour, for instance, would not bother him, provided he stays in the frame. "I'm very realistic going forward and just being in this squad is where I need to be," Hughes said. "Playing or not playing I'm happy to be in the squad and helping out the guys wherever needed. It doesn't bother me about what happens here, I'm not looking too far ahead. "Consistency is a big thing for me having been in and out of the team. When I get another crack I really want to try to be as consistent as I possibly can be. I feel the red ball cricket for South Australia has definitely been my most consistent season so far, which is pleasing, and that's something I'll continue to improve on. If I do get a crack hopefully I can cement myself in the team down the track. For now though I'm happy to be here in the squad." Kerouac never did manage to transcend the impact of On the Road, and has been remembered forever as the 26-year-old hitch hiker he grew tired of embodying. Hughes has much work ahead to improve on his first series, but he now seems far less hurried about doing so, and less troubled by a desire to match up to his younger self.

Donkeys bray in Punjab Youth Festival CART RACES ADD A DIFFERENT COLOUR TO FESTIVAL LAhOre

The 8th Infotech Golf Championship will be contested today over 18 holes stroke play format at the immensely green Royal Palm Golf and Country Club Course. Over 100 aspiring golf champions will line up at all the 18 tees in groups of four to charge off, once they hear the sound of a shot gun at exactly 10.30am. In such championships, the upcoming ones go all out to seek honors and try and figure out ways to excel and prove to the established ones that their shot making abilities are superb enough to challenge the might of those who have managed to get branded as regular winners. Over the past three months those who have been able to be a part of the roll of honors are champions like Abbas Ali Khan, Sardar Murad, Mohsen Zafar, Amir Mehmood, Azfar Hassan and Faisal Ali Malik. Their appearance, once again, at this contest makes the competition formidable and will somewhat dampen the optimism being felt by other hopefuls. However this is an opportunity for the less successful ones to redeem themselves and not get puzzled by the intensity of the competition. And this why the upcoming ones like Fareed Bajwa, Tariq Misbah, Imran Miraj, Haroon Arshed, Khurram Mazhar and Saeedul Haseeb are all out to subdue the champions. And in this regard it would be appropriate not to forget names like Shoaib Shams, Nasir Mehmood, Mir Maaz and Sharjeel Awan. The list of special invitees is celebrity loaded and includes names like Atif Bajwa (banking fame), Asad I A Khan (Nespak fame), Irfan Raja (Ambassador), Taimoor Shabbir (son of a Nishan e Haider), Saleem Ghauri (IT wizard) and Hashim Butt (Easy Paisa). The host of the championship Naseer Akhter hopes the participants will enjoy their golf and play well. SPORTS DESK

highs and lows through my career and it's about pushing forward. In the first place not getting selected here you're disappointed, but the next day you've got to move forward and look to get better. I got a few days back home with the family and spent some quality time on the farm. "Then I got a call from John Inverarity that I was on standby so I ducked back to South Australia and prepared just in case I was coming here. It was really unfortunate for Shaun with his injury and I called him before I came over here. But I suppose that's sport, and it's given myself an opportunity to come over and be with the squad." Largely as a result of his 2009 exploits, Hughes has always carried an expectation with him that he will flower again with similarly spectacular effect. His struggles in

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N build up to the Divisional level of the Punjab Youth Festival 2014, donkey cart races and donkey’s ‘beauty contest’ were staged to give a different colour to the festivity in Defence on Friday. Divisional Sports Convener MPA Mian Naseer was the chief guest of the events, witnessed by a large number of people. MPA Yasmin Sohal was also among the guests and gave prizes to the

winning owners of the donkeys. To the amusement of all Nashaee Times donkey owned by Ch Jabbar won the beauty contest, which was unique in many ways and first of its kind. The competition was participated by around 30 animals which were beautified by various materials like glitter and colourful cloths. Nashaee Times impressed the judged to such an extent that to win the beauty contest while Chotay Bantu of Mian Kashif was runnerup in the event and Sher-i-Lahore of Sakhi Mohammad was third in the contest. In the other competition, around 50 donkey carts took part in the race that started from Defence mor to Walton bus stop. Sher-i-Lahore donkey cart owned by Ustad Shahabuddin won the race and was followed by Wehshi Haseena of Arshad Ali at second place. Reema owned by Javed took the third position in the race.

Speaking on the occasion MIan Naseer said that the Punjab government has given equal opportunity to general public to excel in various fields during the festival. “The general public particularly the hard working class is an important part of the society and for their welfare, government is taking measures. The festival is not only promoting all kind of events but also giving new lift to traditional sports in which general public is taking keen participation,” he added. SPECIAL PEOPLE COMPETE: The competition of special people continued on Friday at Punjab Stadium in collaboration with Sports Board Punjab under the banner of Punjab Youth Festival 2014. In men’s blind athletics events, Zahid Mahmood earned limelight while in girls’ category, success went in favour of Huma Ashraf. The event attracted special chil-

dren players of education centres from Lahore, Sheikhupura, Kasur, and Kahna. Mentally impede children took part in 100 metres race and Shahzad Maqbool of Sharakpur was declared the winner while M Bilal of Iqbal Town was placed second and Zaheer was third in the same category. In girls’ category, Huma Ashraf was the winner of top honour while Rabia Islam of Government College University took the second position and Saima of Sangla Hills was third. In boys’ class of blind 100 metres race, Zahid Mahmood of Johar Town took the first position, Abdul Shakoor of GCU was declared second while Punjab University’s Ziauddin was placed third. In the wheel chair race of the special people, Fahd Ishaq was adjudged first, Faisal Murtaza was second and Nawaz Rashid was third.

MARSH BROTHERS GIVE SCORCHERS TITLE Perth AGENCIES

Third time is a charm for the Perth Scorchers as they claimed their first BBL title with a dominant 39-run win over the Hobart Hurricanes at their home ground. The Scorchers victory was set up by some extraordinary hitting from the Marsh brothers. Shaun, who was not deemed fit to fly to South Africa for Australia's Test tour, produced an unbeaten 63 from just 43 balls whilst his younger brother Mitchell belted 37 off 12 to power the Scorchers to a match-winning total. Jason Behrendorff and Man of the Match Brad Hogg both bowled superbly, picking up two wickets each to ensure the Hurricanes fell well short of their target. The Scorchers gambled on Shaun Marsh's troublesome calf and it proved an inspired move. He came out in the fourth over with the score at just 11 after the fall of Scorchers captain Simon Katich. He played the support act initially as an in-form Craig Simmons struck five fours and two sixes after scoring just six runs in his first 14 balls. But his luck ran out when he sliced Evan Gulbis to third man. Marsh picked up the slack. He

PERTH SCORCHERS 4 FOR 191 (SHAUN MARSH 63, SIMMONS 45) BEAT HOBART HURRICANES 7 FOR 152 (BAILEY 58, HOGG 2-17, THOMAS 2-23, BEHRENDORFF 2-24) BY 39 RUNS

launched the legspin of Cameron Boyce twice into the stands in the 13th over. He was aided brilliantly by Adam Voges as

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the pair combined for 63 runs in just six overs. When Voges fell for 27, Mitchell Marsh walked out and exploded. Out of

the 12 balls he faced, four peppered the crowd and three found the rope to rocket the Scorchers total to 4 for 191. The Hurricanes had relied heavily on Ben Dunk and Tim Paine throughout the tournament but Behrendorff accounted for both of them with another outstanding spell in the Powerplay. The leftarmer jolted Paine's offstump with a full inswinger and built enough pressure on Dunk to force a mistake. Hogg was called upon with the required run rate at more than 10-an-over. His four overs cost just 17 runs and he bamboozled Jonathan Wells and forced Travis Birt to hole out. The only batsman the Scorchers could not contain was George Bailey who kept his head while all around him were losing theirs. His 58 from 32 balls was a masterclass in manipulation and power-hitting. But without any support he could not keep touch with the required rate and went down with the sinking ship in the 15th over. The Hurricanes batted out the overs but only to delay the Scorchers' celebration. The 20,783-strong record crowd at the WACA had seen their team fall twice before at the final hurdle. Not a third time.


Saturday, 8 February, 2014

Morgan Middlesex limited-overs captain

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Watson carrying calf niggle Johannesburg: Shane Watson will again test the recuperative powers of Australia's medical and fitness staff after it was revealed that he had been carried a calf niggle through the first week of the tour of South Africa. While he has batted with freedom in the nets and trained each day, Watson is yet to deliver a ball on tour and will again be absent from the crease on day one of the intra-squad practice fixture at the Wanderers in Johannesburg. "Shane Watson's had some calf tightness so he won't bowl today but will bowl again in the next couple of days building up to the Test," Team doctor Peter Brukner said. "He'll play in the game today and will be fine for the Test match." The niggle is something of a concern for Australia as Watson's swing and seam is considered an important element of their planning for the series against the world's No. 1 side. He enjoyed considerable success with the ball on Australia's last visit in 2011, including the spell that doomed South Africa to being bowled out for 96 on day two of the Cape Town Test, before they rebounded to raze the tourists for 47. Hamstring and calf problems related to bowling have dogged Watson for long tracts of his career, but there has been notable improvement in his ability to come back from them within a few days or even within matches since Brukner's addition to the medical team in 2013. Twice on last year's Ashes tour, Watson suffered a calf complaint but was still able to play all five Tests and bowl, albeit at a reduced pace. He also kept his place for all five Tests of the 5-0 sweep of England at home despite suffering similar trouble before the first Test in Brisbane and during the fourth in Melbourne. AGENCIES

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OIN Morgan, considered a potential England one-day captain of the future, has been given the chance to hone his leadership skills at Middlesex, where he will take charge of both limited-overs teams in 2014. Although a combination of IPL and England commitments could limit his involvement in county cricket, Middlesex are confident Morgan's availability will be enough to justify the promotion. He takes over from Neil Dexter, who has now relinquished all captaincy responsibilities after previously handing over the Championship brief to Chris Rogers. Morgan is in the auction for the IPL, which will take place in Bangalore next week, but will be expected back in England well before the oneoff T20 against Sri Lanka on May 20. That should make him available to assume the captaincy when Middlesex begin their NatWest T20 Blast campaign on May 17, with a double-header at Lord's against Essex and Sussex. The Royal London Cup, the ECB's new 50-over competition, begins in late July with a four-week group stage, although England's ODI series against India could clash with the knockout fixtures, should Middlesex progress. The club hope that Morgan will only miss three limited-overs county fixtures, all due to England demands, although that could change substantially if he were to win a recall to the Test team, as some have advocated. The ECB's decision to exile Kevin Pietersen may also encourage Morgan, with few of England's middle-order options capable of matching him for skill and impetus with the bat, a modest Test record notwithstanding. Angus Fraser, Middlesex's director of cricket, said that the decision to appoint Morgan as captain in the short formats was taken some time ago and was keen to emphasis the abilities that have become increasingly attractive for England. Morgan will serve as Stuart Broad's deputy on the West Indies tour and at the World Twenty20 and, in time, could succeed Alastair Cook as ODI captain. "Middlesex are fortunate, in Eoin, to have one of the game's best young cricket brains at the club," Fraser. "This talent has been identified by England too and everyone at Middlesex is chuffed that Eoin is regarded so highly. I, like many people who know him, am confident that he has what it takes and will prove to be a fine captain for both teams.

"When Neil Dexter informed me of his desire to stand down as limitedovers captain before Christmas we were lucky that we did not have to look far for a replacement. I immediately contacted Eoin to see whether he was interested and his response was a firm 'yes'. We thought it best to wait until Eoin had returned from Australia, so that we could have a face to face chat, before making any announcements. Everyone at the club is excited at the prospect of working under Eoin." Morgan, who previously served as Shaun Udal's vice-captain at Middlesex, led England during the ODI series against Australia last year, as well as twice on trips to play Ireland, his former team. He has captained in six oneday internationals and three T20s, impressing with his tactical understanding and cool approach. "I am really excited about the prospect of captaining Middlesex," Morgan said. "Captaincy has always interested me and it is something I am

looking forward to developing over the coming months. I have been at Middlesex for a long time now and in the past I have shown leadership with my bat. I now feel I can expand that leadership role by captaining the side." Fraser also thanks Dexter for his "significant contribution", having taken on the captaincy in 2010. He led the county to promotion from Division Two the following season, although his form with the bat suffered, resulting in him stepping down in the Championship in 2012. Middlesex won the Twenty20 Cup in 2008 but since a quarter-final appearance in the Friends Provident Trophy in 2009 have failed to challenge in limitedovers competition. "Middlesex CCC totally understands Neil's position and his desire to focus on his own game. Captaining a team is an honour but it is also stressful and tiring," Fraser said. "Neil has led by example and his values have helped create a good culture at Middlesex."

SPORTS 15 Dera Murad Jamali win five-over match Shabbir Ali and Kamran Sajid took two wickets each as Dera Murad Jamali Ibexes beat Abottabad Falcons by 11 runs in a rain-shortened match in Rawalpindi. Sent in to bat after wet outfield conditions had delayed the start of the match, Dera Murad Jamali scored 35 for 5 in their five overs. None of their batsmen got into double figures, with Mohammad Ayub and Sanaullah top-scoring with 8 runs each. It still proved to be enough. Yasir Hameed struck two fours in the first over of Abbottabad's reply, but they only scored five runs in their next two overs. After three overs, they were 15 for 3, and needed 21 from 12 balls. Shabbir and Sajid, bowling the last two overs, dismissed four more Abbottabad batsmen. Needing 13 from the last over, bowled by Sajid, Abbottabad only managed 1 run. SPORTS DESK

Karim lands in Sochi to take part in Winter Olympics Lahore: The Skier Muhammad Karim has reached Sochi to participate in the Winter Olympic Games and will get rich exposure to the international conditions while participating amongst the best. He is fortunate to participate in the Winter Olympics specially as the Ski Federation of Pakistan made the request to POA much after the accreditation deadline had passed. In fact with just a few days to go, Lt Gen Syed Arif Hasan and his team made all out efforts to ensure this bright star of Pakistan does not miss this chance due to some petty politics. President POA personally contacted the concerned officials to ensure that all procedures were completed in time and just about managed to get a slot for the skier. Lt Gen Syed Arif Hasan (retired) stated that "he is very pleased to see a national athlete who had already qualified for the Winter Olympics, participating in this top event of the world. Depriving him of this chance would have been not only very disappointing for Karim but also a very discouraging message for all the national athletes. Ski Federation of Pakistan took the right decision which was based on the interest of skiers and opted for the right course." Air Marshal Syed Athar Hussain Bukhari, the President of the Ski Federation is the Chef de Mission. Everyone wishes Karim the best of luck. STAFF REPORT

McCullum praises Williamson's temperament AucKLAnD AGENCIES Brendon McCullum has said his 224 at Eden Park will be his best innings if New Zealand beat India in the first Test. He also credited Kane Williamson for his temperament during their doublecentury partnership on day one, and said that his younger colleague's knowledge and approach had helped him bat for so long. "Definitely (it will be my best) if we win the game. Pleased to have contributed in a significant way, which was by building partnerships," McCullum said after the second day's play. "We managed to keep creating partnerships after a tough start so that is very satisfying, especially after we lost wickets. To get 500 after being put into bat, after we were 30 for 3, is a great effort. Team has got a little bit of fight in them in tough situations." McCullum and Williamson led that fight, adding 221 at over four an

over. After Williamson was caught down the leg side for 113, McCullum carried on and added another 133 with Corey Anderson, before the allrounder got a rough decision on 77. McCullum marched on, and took the score past 500, a total he felt New Zealand had no hope of reaching given the dire situation he came into. "We thought we would get 200odd," McCullum said. "Was thinking about small targets, being competitive when you are 30 for 3, but when we started going obviously targets changed for us. Never did I think that after 30 for 3, and in those conditions that we would get 500 and that's a fine achievement for this batting group. We have the bowlers to take 20 wickets provided we give them enough runs and I think we have given them enough runs." Dwelling on Williamson's role in the fightback, McCullum said his partner made him realise the magnitude of their task extended beyond making it to their

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respective hundreds. "He has got a really good mindset and he said 100 is just a number. Our job at that time was not to get too carried away, it was to keep batting and get good runs on the board. Was nice to tick off the milestone, nice to get a hundred at home, but still had a job to do. "Credit to Kane for his temperament and also his batting knowledge that he passed on to me that I have got a job to do. Was hard to rein myself in at times but batting with Kane was outstanding. He has a great temperament, a great amount of maturity and is experienced as well. Disappointed that he got out, his approach was right and rubbed off on me." It was an important innings personally for McCullum as well. New Zealand had taken the onedayers against India 4-0 but that was mostly due to the batting of Williamson and Ross Taylor. While McCullum did get some quick, late runs, he also had two successive ducks, and admitted it became

difficult as captain when the runs were not coming. "Harder to lead when you are not scoring runs. That's when your fighting qualities and as a leader come out, as you still have a job to do as captain," he said. "If you aren't scoring runs then that's the important time to stand up as a leader, that's what I have realised recently. And still enjoy other people's success as well ... just keep faith, keep heart and desire." McCullum reached the doublecentury with a six and a four in the last over before lunch, and had also reached the hundred on day one with a six. He said he did not want to spend too much time in the nineties, having fallen there a few times before. The No 5 position was the ideal one for him, McCullum said. "Batting at number five is suitable for me with the ball not quite so new. Bat after Kane and Taylor and then with strokemakers later on, BJ (Watling) and Corey. Five is a good place to bat for me."


SPORTS Saturday, 8 February, 2014

NZ makes ‘home ground kings’ cry McCULLUM, QUICKS KEEP INDIA DOWN auCkland

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RENDON McCullum narrowly missed improving his best Test score, but his second double-century formed the bedrock of New Zealand's strong first-innings total after being put into bat at Eden Park. His seamers then complemented his effort by nipping out India's top order cheaply before Rohit Sharma stemmed New Zealand's progress with an attractive array of shots that fetched him a half-century. He took India past 100 without further damage until bad light brought an early end to play. McCullum was measured instead of cavalier during a century stand with Corey Anderson, scoring only 53 out of 133, which ensured New Zealand resumed in the manner they had finished on the

first day. He stepped it up after the partnership was broken. On 192, McCullum charged the third delivery of the last over before lunch, from Ravindra Jadeja, and cleared the fielder at long-on. He then swished the last delivery through square leg to end the first session on 202. McCullum was the last man dismissed, caught

on the boundary by a sure-footed Jadeja, giving Ishant Sharma his sixth wicket. Ishant had managed to take a five-wicket haul after 19 Tests, but he was expensive as New Zealand racked up 174 runs in 31.4 overs on the second day. McCullum had resumed seven short of his 150 and reached the milestone with a well-timed

Scoreboard NeW ZeaLaNd 1st INNINGS bb Mccullum* c Jadeja b I Sharma 224 cJ anderson lbw b I Sharma 77 bJ Watling c dhawan b I Sharma 1 28 TG Southee b Mohammed Shami 23 IS Sodhi c rG Sharma b I Sharma N Wagner c Kohli b Jadeja 0 Ta boult not out 14 eXTraS (b 1, lb 5, w 5, nb 3) 14 503 ToTaL (all out; 121.4 overs) FaLL oF WIcKeTS 1-19 (rutherford, 9.5 ov), 2-23 (Fulton, 12.1 ov), 3-30 (Taylor, 17.1 ov), 4-251 (Williamson, 68.1 ov), 5-384 (anderson, 99.4 ov), 6-398 (Watling, 103.1 ov), 7-434 (Southee, 108.3 ov), 8-490 (Sodhi, 117.2 ov), 9-495 (Wagner, 118.5 ov), 10-503 (Mccullum, 121.4 ov) boWLING Mohammed Shami 28-6-95-1, Z Khan 30-2-132-2, I Sharma 33.4-4-134-6, ra Jadeja 26-1-120-1, V Kohli 1-0-4-0, rG Sharma 3-0-12-0 INdIa 1st INNINGS 0 S dhawan c Williamson b boult 26 M Vijay b Wagner

1 ca Pujara c †Watling b boult V Kohli c Fulton b Southee 4 rG Sharma not out 67 aM rahane not out 23 9 eXTraS (b 5, lb 1, nb 3) 130 ToTaL (4 wickets; 39 overs) To baT MS dhoni*†, ra Jadeja, Mohammed Shami, Z Khan, I Sharma FaLL oF WIcKeTS 1-1 (dhawan, 0.2 ov), 2-3 (Pujara, 0.6 ov), 3-10 (Kohli, 5.4 ov), 4-51 (Vijay, 19.4 ov) boWLING Ta boult 10-1-20-2, TG Southee 12-3-27-1, cJ anderson 2-0-9-0, N Wagner 7-0-46-1, IS Sodhi 60-13-0, KS Williamson 2-0-9-0 Match details Toss India, who chose to field Player of the match tba Umpires SJ davis (australia) and ra Kettleborough (england) TV umpire GaV baxter Match referee rS Madugalle (Sri Lanka) reserve umpire bF bowden

Kumar Sangakkara joins exclusive club S Pervez QaiSer Kumar Sangakkara became only the second player after England's Graham Gooch to hit a triple century and a century in the same match. The left hand batsman from Matale, who hit 319 runs in the first innings went to score 105 in the second innings on the fourth day of the second Test match against Bangladesh at Zahur Ahmed Chowdhury Stadium, Chittagong on Friday (February 7) to join former England captain Graham Gooch in an exclusive club. Graham Gooch scored 333 and 123 against India at Lord’s in 1990. Sangakkara was 33 runs short of breaking Graham Gooch’s record for most runs in a single Test match. His 424 runs in this match was third highest by a batsman in a Test match. Australian Mark Taylor scored 426 runs, 334 not out in the first and 92 in the second innings, against Pakistan at Peshawar in 1998-99. Kumar Sangakkara's numbers against Bangladesh have now moved into a superhu-

straight drive in the third over. His next boundary - a whiplash cut through point off Ishant - came eight overs later. The score, though, had been boosted by a series of boundaries by Anderson. Had India learned from the first day, they would have noted how the New Zealand batsmen had feasted on short deliveries. Their approach seemed to have changed on the second, when Zaheer Khan and Ishant started with fuller balls, drawing thick outside edges in the first few overs. The short delivery, however, made a re-appearance after only five overs and was duly dismissed with a powerful pull from Anderson. The force of the shot didn't seem to make an impression on Ishant, who repeated a bouncer in the same over only to be dismissed through square leg again. Anderson had been circumspect at the start his innings on the first day, but the power of the batsman who owns the record for the fastest ODI century was in full show as a mis-timed drive off Ishant rocketed

No one can stop Sanagakara Scoreboard

man realm. In his last eight innings against them, he has hit 994 runs, never failing in that stretch to cross 50. In fact, only seven times in 21 trips to the crease against Bangladesh, has Kumar Sangakkara failed to notch a half-century. An average of 95.57, with seven hundreds and same number of fifties, is unsurprisingly his highest against any team. MOST RUNS BY A BATSMAN IN A TEST MATCH: Runs Batsman Opponent Venue Season 456 (333 & 123) Graham Gooch (England) India Lord's 1990 426 (334* & 92) Mark Taylor (Australia) Pakistan Peshawar 1998-99 424 (319 & 105) Kumar Sangakkara (Sri Lanka) Bangladesh Chittagong 2013-14 400 (400*) Brian Lara (West Indies) England St John's 2003-04 380 (247* & 133) Greg Chappell (Australia) New Zealand Wellington 1973-74 380 (380) Matthew Hayden (Australia) Zimbabwe Perth 2003-04

SANGAKKARA’S FEAT PUTS SL IN COMMANDING POSITION Chittagong aGeNcIeS

A change of hands: Zakir replaces Moin as team manager lahore STaFF rePorT

A new development took place in the PCB administration when Moin Khan, the form wicketkeeper captain, was replaced by former Pakistan Test fast-bowler Zakir Khan as manager of the national cricket team on Friday. This is the second time since the start of the year that Zakir has changed

to the long-on boundary. Anderson racked up eight boundaries in the 31 balls he faced on the second day. The second of those - a dab through gully - brought up his second 50plus score in Tests; the third brought up New Zealand's second consecutive century stand. Against benign bowling, Anderson looked set for his second hundred but was cut short by a poor decision from umpire Steve Davis. He was struck above the knee roll by an Ishant delivery from round the wicket and replays indicated the ball would have missed the stumps on both line and height. The innings, and the partnership with McCullum, however, meant that New Zealand continued scoring at frenetic pace. Bowling an extended spell, Ishant picked up his fourth wicket when he had BJ Watling caught at third slip. He used the short-ball attack again in search for his fifth only to be hooked for a couple of sixes by Tim Southee. His nine-over spell cost India 60, and Ishant returned to complete his fivefor with the wicket of Ish Sodhi.

posts. In January, he had been promoted to the post of Director International Cricket by the PCB. Before his stint with domestic cricket, he had also served as general manager, international cricket. Zakir’s appointment is another initiative that the board has taken after PCB Chairman Zaka Ashraf was restored by the Islamabad High Court last month. In January, the PCB had advertised vacancies for coaches for the national team besides forming a committee to hunt the best candidates for the slots, a consultancy plan for the 2015 World Cup was a l s o r e vealed.

Kumar Sangakkara eased, almost casually, to a 35th career hundred in a Test match already heaving with his runs, completing a feat only Graham Gooch had achieved before him. A whip over the midwicket ropes took him over 100 in almost the same fashion he had brought up his triple century in the first innings, and raised his match-tally to 424 - the third highest in Tests. Thanks in large part to his epic labours, Sri Lanka have almost certainly made themselves safe in the Test, with one full day remaining to chase a 2-0 result. A resurgent Dinesh Chandimal registered a measured ton of his own, to stretch Sri Lanka's advantage on the fourth afternoon and evening. The declaration, at 305 for 4, came upon his entry to triple figures, leaving Bangladesh with one day and 25 minutes to bat out. They went to stumps unscathed after eight tense overs, 455 runs adrift of the visitors. Sangakkara's numbers against Bangladesh have now moved into a superhuman realm. In his last eight innings against them, he has hit 994 runs, never failing in that stretch to cross 50. In fact, only six times in 21 trips to the crease against Bangladesh, has Sangakkara failed to notch a half-century. An average of 95.57 is unsurprisingly his highest against any team. On this occasion, Bangladesh can blame their torment on a fielding error. On 36, Sangakkara attempted to blast over the deep midwicket rope, but mishit a ball from Shakib Al Hasan to Nasir Hossain, who only had to run a few metres to his left. Shakib had built significant pressure alongside Mahmudullah to provoke the stroke and, upon seeing the

catch grassed, he scratched his head in extreme frustration, holding back fury. Sangakkara's progress took an irritatingly familiar form for Bangladesh, who employed various fields against him but could not stem the effortless flow of runs. With Sri Lanka having lost three relatively cheap wickets, Sangakkara only pursued the poor balls with aggression sliding back to slam the short deliveries with particular disdain. Mostly, he busied himself with strike rotation, giving constant nuggets of advice to Chandimal, who was fighting for form. It wasn't until he neared his ton that he began to assert himself. Until then, he had collected his runs almost on the sly. Chandimal was similarly averse to belligerence, and just as efficient at riskfree accumulation. He hit only four fours in nearly three hours at the crease, yet scored his runs at a strike rate of 63. Shakib had troubled him in doses throughout the innings, spinning some past his blade and striking him on the pad, but the grit that had been absent from his game returned. His 145-run stand with Sangakkara was the flesh of Sri Lanka's second innings, after the two had been joined at 78 for 3. Perhaps aware Chandimal was short of some self-confidence ahead of two months of less-favoured limited-overs cricket, Angelo Mathews delayed the declaration until the batsman had reached his third Test century - all of which have come against Bangladesh. Chandimal may now look with more enthusiasm at the task of leading his team in the World Twenty20 in six weeks. The hosts' only breakthrough in the middle-session had been Mahela Jayawardene's wicket for 11. Shakib pitched one on off and got it to straighten, striking Jayawardene on the front pad in front of middle. Jayawardene felt the ball had not turned sharply enough to hit leg

Published by Arif Nizami at Plot # 7, Al-Baber Centre, F/8 Markaz, Islamabad.

CMYK

587 SrI LaNKa 1st INNINGS baNGLadeSH 1ST INNINGS Mahmudullah c Silva b Mendis 30 9 al-amin Hossain b Mendis 11 abdur razzak not out eXTraS (b 8, lb 1, nb 21) 30 ToTaL (all out; 119.5 overs) 426 FaLL oF WIcKeTS 1-0 (Tamim Iqbal, 0.4 ov), 2-232 (Shamsur rahman, 61.2 ov), 3-252 (Mominul Haque, 67.6 ov), 4-259 (Imrul Kayes, 72.3 ov), 5-319 (Mushfiqur rahim, 89.4 ov), 6-350 (Shakib al Hasan, 97.1 ov), 7-396 (Nasir Hossain, 111.4 ov), 8-396 (Sohag Gazi, 111.5 ov), 9-409 (Mahmudullah, 115.4 ov), 10-426 (al-amin Hossain, 119.5 ov) boWLING raS Lakmal 25-6-70-1, N Pradeep 15-2-96-0, baW Mendis 29.5-3-99-6, MdK Perera 39-4-119-3, ad Mathews 11-1-33-0 SrI LaNKa 2Nd INNINGS 15 FdM Karunaratne c Nasir Hossain b Mahmudullah JK Silva lbw b Mahmudullah 29 Kc Sangakkara b Sohag Gazi 105 dPMd Jayawardene lbw b Shakib al Hasan 11 100 Ld chandimal not out ad Mathews not out 43 eXTraS (lb 2) 2 305 ToTaL (4 wickets dec; 75.5 overs) dId NoT baT KdK Vithanage, MdK Perera, baW Mendis, raS Lakmal, N Pradeep FaLL oF WIcKeTS 1-36 (Karunaratne, 12.3 ov), 2-49 (Silva, 16.6 ov), 3-78 (Jayawardene, 29.1 ov), 4-223 (Sangakkara, 61.2 ov) boWLING al-amin Hossain 7-1-31-0, Sohag Gazi 18.5-1-87-1, Shakib al Hasan 22-2-80-1, Mahmudullah 18-4-46-2, Mominul Haque 7-0-46-0, Nasir Hossain 3-0-13-0 baNGLadeSH 2nd INNINGS 7 Tamim Iqbal not out Shamsur rahman not out 4 eXTraS (b 1) 1 ToTaL (0 wickets; 8 overs) 12 To baT Imrul Kayes, Mominul Haque, Shakib al Hasan, Mushfiqur rahim*†, Nasir Hossain, Mahmudullah, Sohag Gazi, al-amin Hossain, abdur razzak boWLING raS Lakmal 3-0-9-0, MdK Perera 4-3-1-0, baW Mendis 1-01-0 Match details Toss Sri Lanka, who chose to bat Player of the match tba Umpires NJ Llong (england) and Pr reiffel (australia) TV umpire anisur rahman Match referee dc boon (australia) reserve umpire Sharfuddoula

stump, but replays did not offer a conclusive answer. Again the most aggressive among the hosts' spinners, Shakib would have felt he bowled better than figures of 1 for 80 suggest. The morning session had belonged to Mahmudullah, however, even after he had hit the fourth ball of the day straight to short leg, when his side would have hoped to whittle their first-innings deficit down to 150. After the Sri Lanka openers had begun tentatively against Al-Amin Hossain, who delivered a spell of seaming deliveries that generated surprising bounce, Mahmudullah arrived to dismiss both of them. Dimuth Karunaratne ended a frustrating series by edging a cut shot to slip, and Silva underestimated the turn Mahmudullah would generate with one of his few aggressive balls of the day. Suranga Lakmal also got the ball moving in the afternoon, and although Shamsur Rahman followed him with his hands more than any batting coach would advise, the opener managed to account for the movement through hand-eye coordination. Shamsur and Tamim Iqbal survived close shouts before stumps were drawn, with the team score on 12.

E paper 08 02 2014 (isb)  
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