Page 1

The Architectural project part II- titled as

“SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE,

AURANGABAD” Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of

BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE By

Mr. Abhishek Rajendra Adne Roll No. 01 Under the Supervision of Ar. Dhananjay Salkar In April 2018

VIDYA PRATISHTHAN‟S

SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE, BARAMATI


VIDYA PRATISHTHAN‟S

SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE, BARAMATI CERTIFICATE I hereby certify that the work which is being presented in this Architectural Project Part II report entitled „School of Planning and Architecture, Aurangabad‟ in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Bachelor of Architecture is the bonafide work carried out by me under the supervision of Ar. Dhananjay Salkar (Vidya Pratishthan’s School of Architecture, Baramati).

Date: 04.04.2018

Mr. Abhishek Rajendra Adne

Place: Baramati

This is to certify that the above statement made by the candidate is correct to the best of our knowledge.

Ar. Dhananjay Salkar INTERNAL SUPERVISOR

EXTERNAL SUPERVISOR / S

VPSOA, Baramati

Prof. Rajashree Patil ACADEMIC CO-ORDINATOR VPSOA, Baramati

Dr. Smita Suryawanshi PRINCIPAL VPSOA, Baramati


VIDYA PRATISHTHANâ€&#x;S

SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE, BARAMATI

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The Architectural Project is surely a culmination of efforts of five years of Architecture. During this process, many people has supported to accomplish the various tasks. I take this opportunity to acknowledge the indebt gratitude to Dr. Smita Suryawanshi. (Principal, Vidya Pratishthan’s School of Architecture, Baramati). I also highly thankful to my guide Ar. Dhananjay Salkar invaluable guidance, co-operation and inspiration lead to this book. I am also grateful to all my unit secretary colleagues of NASA, India for helping me to give required data for physical survey of present scenario of Architectural institutes in Maharashtra I am also grateful to all my Professors who helped me to work out this project in detail. The assistance provided by Admin staff is unforgettable. I sincerely appreciate to all my dear colleagues who had been my backbone throughout architecture. Finally, I give my heartiest thanks to my beloved family and friends for their kind help, encouragement and moral support offered by them in thick & thin situations.

Place: Baramati Date: 04.04.2018

Mr. Abhishek Rajendra Adne Roll NO. 01


ABSTRACT Architecture has become a part of our day to day life which enhances our lifestyle and provides appropriate living conditions. Hence it is important to study architecture. School of architecture imparts knowledge about the building sciences, services, old and latest technologies and most As a professional discipline, architecture spans both the arts and the sciences. Students must have an understanding of the arts and humanities, as well as a basic technical understanding of structures and construction. Skills in communication, both visual and verbal, are essential. While knowledge and skills must be developed, design is ultimately a process of critical thinking, analysis, and creative activity. The best way to face the global challenges of the 21st century is with a well-rounded education that establishes a foundation for lifelong learning. This school of architecture that I am going to design is at global level and students from all over the world can have its advantage in understanding architecture. As I m a student of architecture knows the need of architecture and so I want the world to know it. Architecture plays a very important role in developing a country. It is important to provide an appropriate environment for studying architecture. Beautiful environment acts as a catalyst in making a student more Creative and increase his/her imagination power. Today’s world wants a luxurious life which can be provided by designing a space according to needs of people. Though there are plenty of architecture schools but most of them lack in providing the real environment to study architecture. In India there are very few schools of architecture that are meant for the same. In today’s scenario most of the students apply for either medical or engineering and only 15-20% of the students go for architecture. One of the reasons is that there are not much schools of architecture especially in regions other than metropolitan cities. But it is more important to build an architecture school in other regions than metro cities so that students there understand need of architecture in today’s world. This can help in building the smaller cities into metro cities. All this will ultimately develop the country.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


CONTENTS CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 

1.1. Introduction to Topic 

1.1.1. History of Architecture

1.1.2. Introduction of Architectural Education in India

1.1.3. About School of Planning and Architecture (S.P.A.)

1.1.4. Government proposal of School of Planning and

06 06

Architecture in Aurangabad. 

1.2. Literature Review

09

1.3. Justification for need of topic

11

1.4. Aim, Objective, Scope and Limitation

13

1.5. Methodology

14 15

CHAPTER 2: DATA COLLECTION  2.1 Survey on Architecture Colleges in Maharashtra 

2.1.1. Number of Architecture college in Maharashtra

2.1.2. Survey of present scenario of Architecture colleges

15

in Maharashtra 

2.1.3. Inferences of Survey

 2.2. Norms of AICTE 

2.2.1 Norms of AICTE for Architecture Institute

 2.3. Case study and Analysis 

26

30

2.3.1. Case Study 1: Chandigarh College of Architecture, Chandigarh.

2.3.2. Case Study 2: SMEF’s Brick College of Architecture, Pune.

2.3.3. Case Study 3: Center for Environmental Planning Technology (CEPT), Ahmedabad.

 2.4. Conclusion of Case Study.

57

 2.5. Architectural Standard Requirement study.

58

2.5.1. Architectural Standard.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


2.5.2. Requirement Study.

 2.6. Design Programme. CHAPTER 3: SITE SELECTION AND ANALYSIS

63 64

 3.1. Site Selection

64

 3.2. Justification about Site

71

 3.3. Site Analysis

75

3.3.1. Site location and Surrounding.

3.3.2. S.W.O.T. Analysis.

3.3.3. Site boundaries and Site Area.

3.3.4. Site Sections

3.3.5. Street right of way and Setbacks.

3.3.6. Buildable Area, F.S.I., Height Restriction and Ground Cover.

3.3.7. Contour and Slope.

3.3.8. Natural On-Site Feature.

3.3.9. Man-made On-Site Feature.

3.3.10. Soil Condition and Vegetation.

3.3.11. Vehicular and Pedestrian circulation.

3.3.12. Sensory in site

3.3.13. Wind Flow on Site

3.3.14. Sun-path and Altitudes

BIBLIOGRAPHY

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD

91


CHAPTER 1 – INTRODUCTION 1.1 INTRODUCTION TO THESIS TOPIC 1.1.1 HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE The field of Architecture is present from ancient period, since the history of human civilization gives us the proof of the presence of Architecture in civilization. Architecture is one of the prime and important elements of development of civilization. And along with Architecture, Civilization develops. Food, Cloth and Shelter are three primary needs of human, the history of Architecture starts where the human built his own house. Firstly, house is the prime structure used by human, later on other buildings like town hall, gathering buildings, library etc. were introduced to the civilization. And along with houses these building became the prime building of the Civilization. In case of India, Gods is treated as a supreme body and is devoted more than king and God were treated with supremacy in Architecture also, for that Temples were built and became the prime building in the Civilization. Further the Development in Architecture took place according to the growth of civilization and changes were made according to climatic areas, religion and material factor. Thus, study of Architecture became a prime requirement to develop both civilizations.

1.1.2 INTRODUCTION OF ARCHITECTURAL STUDIES IN INDIA The antecents of contemporary architecture and architectural education in India go back about 200 years during the period of colonization in India, British started building iconic and supreme building in India such as Courts, Places, Parliament house, etc. They use their Architectural feature while designing these building. But, as the year pass by British Architects get inspired by Indian Architecture and invent new style. In late 19 century people of India try to study in the field of Architecture along with British and gain education in Architecture field, for this the First Architecture College in India and Asia Sir J.J. School of Architecture was established in 1913. Provision of quality education in field of

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


Architecture. Sir J.J. School of Architecture was the only college in India providing Architectural education in India. As year passed the scope of Architectural education increase which increase the demand of Architecture institutions in India. After independence the major Architectural institutes were established in India some of them are CEPT Ahmedabad, IIT Kharagpur, Rachna Sansad, and many more but of them is School of Planning and Architecture, Delhi established in 1941 that is prior independence which is National Institute in for Architectural education in India like IITs.

1.1.3 ABOUT SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE (S.P.A.) School of Planning and Architecture (SPA) are a group of autonomous public institute for higher education under Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. There are 3 listed institute of SPA in India among which the first and oldest one is SPA Delhi (SPA-D) established in 1941 and newer one SPA Bhopal (SPA-B) and SPA Vijaywada (SPA-V) both established in 2008. The main objective of SPA is to provide quality education in Architecture and Physical Planning. The SPAs primarily offer undergraduate, postgraduate, doctoral and executive education programmes. Each SPA is autonomous and exercises independent control over its day-to-day operations. However, the administration of all SPAs and the overall strategy of SPAs are overseen by the SPA council. The SPA Council is headed by India's Minister of Human Resource Development and consists of the chairpersons and directors of all SPAs and senior officials from the MHRD

1.1.4 GOVERNMENT PROPOSAL FOR NEW SPA IN AURANGABAD, MAHARASHTRA In 2015 it was announced by the Government to proposed fourth SPA in Aurangabad and the architecture community has also lauded the provision of Rs 10 crore made in the state budget towards the SPA. This proposal will not only change the face of the city but also benefits the students pursuing education in Architecture field. The SPA would not only benefit students from Marathwada and other parts of the state, but would also attract candidates from across the country. Though since this topic is under issue that SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


the SPA should be planned in Pune city as it is major city after Mumbai, but most of the Architectural Association are under the favor of planning SPA in Aurangabad. And the process is still going on. The city of Aurangabad will be the ideal site for setting up fourth SPA in India.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


1.2. LITERATURE REVIEW 1.3.1 LITERATURE REVIEW 1 Title: The Tragedy of Architectural Education Author: Dr. Ravindra Deshmukh Reference: Article published in A+D magazine, June 2016 Abstract: The article discuss the process of emergence of architectural as a profession in India. During British Raj in India, the British architects designed government buildings to create their indelible mark on India post- independence. Hence because of this, in India, the profession of architecture never received the status it enjoyed elsewhere outside India over a period of time from independence. Initially, Architecture was considered as a part of engineering. Hence, many of the engineering colleges started architecture departments as they thought they don’t require any extra setup in infrastructure. The article further focuses on the problems faced by architecture students such as lack of efficient faculty which have an architectural degree, proper infrastructure etc. Some issues related to lecturers are also discussed further. It is observed that many of the architecture colleges have lecturers which are also practicing architects. But there is also a need of provision for the development of the students as well as teachers in an architectural college. Concluding the article, writer has discussed some indictor to be considered for the improvement of architectural education scenario now a day in India. It includes1. Get into trade courses 2. Creating Avenues for existing teachers 3. Use leeway to school benefit 4. Create robust alumina base 5. Understand the dynamics of education Conclusion: The Article helps in providing parameters for spaces and activities for the overall development of students as well as teachers in architectural college to cherish new ideas with the help of developing technologies

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


1.3.2 LITERATURE REVIEW 2 Title: Campus Planning Author: Ar. Achyut Kalvinde Reference: Book-Campus Planning, Author-Ar. Achyut Kalvinde Abstract: The Traditional Education system of India is not component enough today through it does have a lot that one can learn in terms of architecture. We need a revolutionary twist in the administration and architecture of the institutes. Indian revolution of education of education should have 3 main factors: 1. Transformation of education of the life and need of nation 2. Continue educational growth and development to meet international standards 3. Make Education available for all There are four elements that constitute and drive any educational institute: Students, faculty, physical facilities and academics programs. The university systems today is a complex one and those who believe by the Gurukul; realize this fact. The Gurukul proves that teacher student relation is very critical which cannot develop well today since they have very few hours together. The student and teacher would be extremely handicapped if it was not the technologically advanced commercial products available for teaching. Teaching is just through the six human senses today is difficult. Architecture should not just provide the contemporary amenities as needed but also mould itself such that teaching can be done using it Conclusion: While designing of campus and spaces in it should be connected to each zone, space or connectivity in teachers and students. Every space should be design as multifunctional use for all type of people. The space should be design that students shear its own ideas and to take feel of campus

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


1.3 JUSTIFICATION FOR NEED OF TOPIC WHY ARCHITECTURE INSTITUTE? : 1. As an Architecture student I have experienced that in every education campus the Faculty of Architecture is located of a single floor with typical Four Studios, Staff rooms, Library, A hall and Classrooms. This decrease the exploration of ideas and scope of creativity and also the students have to share their residential units with the students of other Faculty 2. There is need of an Architecture institute which not only provides education but also to explore construction technique, design method, etc. and such institute are few in state of Maharashtra. 3. And also there are less institutional campus fully dedicated to architecture education. 4. Thus there is need of an Architectural institute in Maharashtra which as research in Architectural field like construction technique and design methods. 5. As the Architecture courses is the stream where hand, heart and mind should work all together in presence of nature. (Reference: CAMPUS PLANNING BOOK-By Achyut Kavnide)

WHY SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE? 1. SPA is premier institute in India in Architecture field and one of the oldest institutes in India and mostly preferred by any student pursuing Bachelors, Master and Doctorate degree in Architectural field over other Architecture college. 2. There are few colleges in Maharashtra which provide master and Doctorate program and also fewer topics are available for Master and Doctorate in Maharashtra. 3. As SPA provides vast topic for selection to pursue Master and Doctorate Degree in Architecture. And also name itself is a brand among institute of Architectural Studies. 4. Thus SPA will be suitable Architecture institute to be set up in state of Maharashtra.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


WHY AURANGABAD? 1. As seen in Maharashtra the prime National University/Institute are VNIT Nagpur region IITs Mumbai region, COEP and other institutes in Pune region while Central Maharashtra region does not have any renowned National university , Aurangabad is the center of Marathwada region have only 3 Architecture college for whole region which are insufficient to serve education for whole region resulting the students have to go to other cities or sometimes out of state for quality education in Architecture.

2. Also Aurangabad is situated at the center of Maharashtra state and is at equal distance from major cities of Maharashtra and also Aurangabad is recognized under smart city development proposal of Central Government. 3. Aurangabad has rich historical background and also heritage structures but lack in modern marvels and modern Architecture and the imagebility of city not only depend on its historic architecture but also depends on its modern architectural development. 4. SPA will not only satisfy the educational purpose of the Maharashtra state but also will enhance the imageability of the city and give a new modern landmark to the city and state.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


1.4 AIM, OBJECTIVE, SCOPE AND LIMITATION AIM - To design a Campus fully dedicated to Architectural research and education with more informal end interacting spaces OBJECTIVE – 1. To design lively spaces so as to being interaction among the students and teachers to make the building an ideal place for education. 2. The Institute should produce student who will assume leadership roles in shaping the built environment. Should be able to answer the challenges by the contemporary society 3. It assures an environment suitable molding young designer to good quality education 4. To study architectural characteristic and requirement of modern architecture of the city to enhance and addition of the new imageability of the city 5. To study the requirement of Architectural Research Centre in the State of Maharashtra. Condition of existing one and requirement of new one.

SCOPE – 1. The scope to study Architecture institute and Research 2. It would include the curriculum of Architecture studies for the Bachelor Degree. 3. It would include the curriculum for Master Degree in various departments 4. It would include the curriculum for Architectural Research

LIMITATION – 1. The study will be limited to Architectural course and Architectural Research. 2. It should be limit in India.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


1.5. METHODOLOGY

PROJECT

LITERATURE STUDY

DATA COLLECTION

ANALYSIS

CONCEPT

PRILIMINARY DESIGN

FINAL DESIGN

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD

CASE STUDIES


CHAPTER 2 – DATA COLLECTION While proposing and Designing an Architecture college there is need to collect information about Standards, Norms, Observation, and Calculations. These factors will help us to overcome the problems while designing an Architecture college and while studying some of the existing structure we can take out the best for the proposal design. Thus, Data collection regarding to the project is necessary in order to avoid the flaws and mistakes in design.

2.1 SURVEY ON ARCHITECTURE COLLEGES IN MAHARASHTRA Before Proposing School of Planning and Architecture in Aurangabad it is necessary to study the current scenario of Architectural colleges in Maharashtra. Because the study of these colleges will help to list down the points essential for design consideration.

2.1.1 NUMBER OF ARCHITECTURE COLLEGE IN MAHARASHTRA There are total 50 Architecture colleges notified under Maharashtra Association of School of Architecture (MASA) and 7 under Directorate of Technical Education and 20 State University and 21deemed university. Out of which maximum number of Architecture colleges are in Mumbai and Pune University The pie chart below shows the survey of the number of Architectural colleges in Different Universities of Maharashtra. The highest number of Architectural colleges are in Mumbai and Pune university with 33% and 24% respectively of total architectural college in Maharashtra, the reason is these cities are metropolitan cities of Maharashtra, students from different art of state attracts to these cities for quality education and exploration in architectural field and also these cities are saturated with architecture colleges The third highest region is Nagpur with 13% of total Architectural colleges in Maharashtra. Nagpur is 2nd Capital of Maharashtra.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


Provide B.Arch/M.Arch/PHD

Yearly Intake B.Arch/M.Arch/PHD Ex 40/20/20

Provision of Research Lab Yes/No

Provision of Construction Yard/workshops Yes/No

Infrastructure Owned/Rented

Sinhgad College of Architecture, Pune

B.arch/M.arch

160/20

yes

no

Owned

B.N.C.A. Pune

B.arch/M.arch

160/40

yes

no

Owned

V.N.I.T. Nagpur

B.arch/M.arch/PHD

65/20/10

yes

yes

Owned

Oyster School of Architecture, Aurangabad

B.Arch

60

no

no

Owned

K.I.T.S. Ramtek

B.Arch

40

yes

yes

Owned

M.M.C.A. Pune

B.Arch

80

yes

yes

Owned

S.E.C.M. Jalgaon

B.Arch

40

NO

Yes

Owned

B.arch/M.arch

40/10

No

Yes

Owned

B.K.P.S. College of Architecture, Pune

B.Arch

40

No

No

Owned

V.P. School of Architecture, Baramati

B.Arch

20

No

Yes

Owned

M.I.T. Aurangabad

B.arch/M.arch

80/15

no

yes

Owned

Ayojan College of Architecture, Pune

B.Arch/M.Arch

120/40

No

Yes

Owned

D.Y.P.S.O.A. Lohegaon

B.arch/M.arch

120/20

No

Yes

Owned

P.I.A.D.S. Nagpur

B.arch/M.arch

120/30

yes

yes

Owned

B.Arch

30

no

yes

Owned

B.Arch

30

no

no

Rented

J.N.E.C. Aurangabad

B.arch/M.arch

40/20

no

yes

Rented

P.V.P College of Architecture

B.Arch/M.Arch

80/25

No

No

Owned

Pravara Rural College of Architecture, Loni

B.Arch

40

no

no

Owned

D.Y.P.S.O.A. Kolhapur

B.Arch

80

no

no

Owned

Minerva college of architecture

B.Arch

20

no

no

owned

Pillai HOC College of Architecture

B.Arch

120

no

no

owned

Brick College of Architecture, Pune

B.Arch

80

yes

yes

owned

NAME OF COLLEGE

S.P.S.M.B.H. College of Architecture, Kolhapur

Smt. Radhikabai Pandav College, Nagpur P.R. Patil College of Architecture, Amravati S.S.S.M. College of Architecture, Solapur


Proposal and Addition to College if any - Ex. New Building/Floor, Department, Campus Extension, etc

According to you what should be the Additonal Spaces in an Ideal Architecture College

av room, oat, assembly hall, library

no

thinking room,gathering space, activity area, display room

Vertical

canteen, audi, con room, library

No

open air studios, informal interaction spaces

yes

Horizontal

nasa room, oat

no

cc, open interacting spaces, canteen,

City outskirts

Yes

Horizontal

canteen, audi, oat

no

open spaces, architectural studios

1:20

City outskirts

yes

Vertical

labs, courtyard

no

open studio, art room, nasa room, material and model room

Semi Aided

1:10

City core area

no

Horizontal

nasa room, gym, labs, exhibition area

no

saperate architecture campus

Private

1:15

City outskirts

Yes

Horizontal

canteen & M.hall

No

OAT

Semi Aided

1:15

City core area

Yes

Vertical

Multipurpose Hall

No

OAT, public interaction spaces

Aided

1:30 (core faculty)

City core area

No

Vertical

no

New building

exhibition hall, OAT

Semi Aided

1:20

University Campus

Yes

Horizontal

Multipurpose Hall

No

Semi Aided

1:10

City Outskirts

yes

Vertical

, av room, material museum, library

campus extension

Private

1:20

City Outskirts

Yes

Horizontal

Canteen,OAT

Yes

OAT,Semi Covered Spaces

Semi Aided

1:20

City Outskirts

Yes

Vertical

Auditoriun, Canteen, Seminar hall

Research lab, Material Testing lab, Surveying lab

Open to sky lecture hall, Mobile Library, Sheet display hall

Government Aided, Semi Aided, Private,Central

Faculty to Student Ratio

Location - City Core Area/ City Outskirts/ Within University Campus

Hostel Facility Available Yes/No

Private

1:25

City outskirts

yes

Vertical

Private

1:10

City core area

Yes

Central

1:20

University Campus

Private

1:30

Private

Private

1:20

City Outskirts

no

Other Facilities - ex Campus type Canteen,OAT,Auditorium,et Horizontal/Vertical c.

Horizontal

open court, library, reseach lab, workshop, canteen

no

open air studios and jury areas, research labs large studios, equiped labs, open paces,oat, presentation area

open spaces, open classes

Private

1:30

City Outskirts

no

horizontal

recreational spaces, oat

no

informal spaces within the building, vertical interaction

Private

1:10

City core area

no

vertical

library, computer lab

no

workshop, canteen, informal spaces

Private

1:10

City core area

yes

horizontal

av room, library, auditoium

new building

workshop, personal space

Private

1:10

City Outskirts

Yes

Vertical

amphitheatre, canteen, common room, exhibition hall,

hostel, new buiding

Private

1:20

City Outskirts

yes

horizontal

library, boys room, girls room

no

Private

1:10

City core area

no

Vertical

library, comuter lab

no

informal surounding

private

1:10

City outskirts

no

vertical

no

yes full campus to be built

late night work spaces,open air recreational spaces,

private

1:10

City outskirts

yes

vertical

library, auditorium, convention hall

no

live work workshop, open studios

private

1:20

City outskirts

no

horizontal

sports, material library

design institute

interaction spaces, building should be piece of art

informal spaces within the building, vertical interaction sports area, creative room, informal spaces


1. What is the type of Infrastructure? (Owned/Rented) 2. Institution type? (Government Aided, Semi Aided, Central, Private) 3. What is Faculty to Student Ratio? 4. What is the Location of the College/Institution/Campus? 5. Is Hostel Facility Available? 6. What is Campus type? 7. What are other facilities in Colleges? 8. Any addition/extension/proposal in College? 9. According to you what should be the ideal spaces in Architecture College? The results of the survey are represented in form of Pie chart s shown below:

4%

39%

LEARNING FACILITIES IN ARCHITECTURE FIELD IN MAHARASHTRA B.Arch

B.Arch and M. Arch

B.Arch, M.Arch and Phd

57%

Table 1: Pie chart 2- Learning facilities in Architectural field in Maharahtra

A. LEARNING FACILITES The pie chart above shows the provision of learning facilities in Maharashtra. 57% of total Architectural colleges in Maharashtra provide only Bachelor’s Degree while 39% provide Master’s degree along with Bachelor’s Degree and remaining 16% provide Ph.D. services.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


B. ANNUAL INTAKE

9%

50%

BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE INTAKE 0-20

21-40

41-60

61 and above

36%

5%

Table 2: Pie Chart 3- Bachelor of Architecture Intake

The pie chart above shows the number of intake of Architecture colleges in Maharashtra. The highest intake is above 60 which 50% is of total Architectural colleges and 36% has intake up to 40 and least percentage of 9% and 5% with intake up to 20 and between 40 and 60 respectively. C. PROVISION OF RESEACH LABORATORY The pie chart below shows the provision of research laboratory in college; these laboratories are used by Ph.D. students and students approaching Masters in Architecture useful for their projects and research. The statistic shows 70% of total Architecture colleges have provision of Research Laboratories in their college while rest 30% doesn’t have Research Laboratories in their College the 70% are those colleges are the colleges providing Masters and Ph. D. in Architecture and remaining are providing only Bachelor’s Degree in Architecture.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


30%

RESEACH LABS PROVISION YES

NO

70%

Table 3: Pie chart 4- Research Lab Provision

D. PROVISION OF CONSTRUCTION YARD

41% CONSTRUCTION YARD PROVISION YES NO

59%

Table 4: Pie Chart 5 - Construction Yard Provision

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


Construction yard is one of the important parts of an Architecture college and mainly use to demonstrate the practical example of construction of different Architectural element on site. The statistic shows that about 59% of total Architecture College have Construction yard in their campus while it is not provided.

8%

INFRASTRUCTURE TYPE OWNED

92% Table 5: Pie Chart 6- Infrastructure type

E. TYPE OF INFRASTRUCTURE The pie chart above shows the percentage of infrastructure of Architecture colleges in Maharashtra. Here, 92% of colleges have their own infrastructure while remaining 8% has rented infrastructure. F. INSTITUTION TYPE The pie chart below shows the affiliation of Architecture colleges in Maharashtra. The maximum number of institution that is 70% institutions are private and second highest percentage is 23% are semi private institutes and least number of Centrally affiliated and Government Institution with 4% both. Most of the colleges are either private or semi-private institutes.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


4%

4%

22% INSTITUTION TYPE PRIVATE

SEMI AIDED

70%

Table 7: Pie chart 7- Institution type

G. FACULTY TO STUDENT RATIO

14%

43% FACULTY TO STUDENT RATIO 1:10

1:11 TO 1:20

1:21 TO 1:40

43%

Table 8: Pie Chart 8- Faculty to Student Ratio

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


The pie-chart above shows the statistical calculation of faculty to student ratio. The minimum faculty to student of Architecture colleges is 1:20. The data shows 43% of college have faculty to student ratio 1:10 and 43% have this ratio upto 1:20 and remaining 14% with ratio 1:21 to 1:40. H. LOCATION OF COLLEGE/CAMPUS

9%

30%

LOCATION OF COLLEGE/CAMPUS CITY CORE AREA

CITY OUTSKIRTS

UNIVERSITY CAMPUS

61%

Table 9: Pie Chart 9- Location of College/Campus

Location of the college/campus matter the most while designing any institute, in case of Architecture College there is prime need of light and ventilation. These two factors are essential for the user. The pie-chart above shows the statistical survey of location of Architecture colleges in Maharashtra. Here, 61% of colleges are located in city outskirts while 30% is located in city core area. And remaining 9% is located in a University or private campus. The well suitable place for designing Architecture College is the city outskirts or university

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


Because it is isolated from kiosk of the city and as the surrounding are clear or of same use the place is ideal. I. HOSTEL FACILITY The pie-chart above shows the statistical data of provision of hostel in Architecture colleges in Maharashtra. Here, 65% colleges have Hostel facility while 35% don’t have hostel facility.

35%

HOSTEL FACILITY YES

NO

65%

Table 10: Pie Chart 10- Hostel Facility

J. CAMPUS TYPE The campus types are horizontal and vertical. Horizontal campus is spread along site with maximum upto G+1 or 2 floors. While vertical campus is characterized by floors more than G+2 the campus is arranged vertically. Here the pie-chart below shows the statistical data of campus type. 52% of colleges have vertical campus and remaining 48% have horizontal campus.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


52%

48%

CAMPUS TYPE HORIZONTAL

VERTICAL

Table 11: Pie Chart 11- Campus Type

35%

PROPOSAL/ADDITION TO COLLEGE YES

NO

65%

Table 12: Pie Chart 12- Proposal/Addition to college

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


K. PROPOSAL/ADDITION IN COLLEGE There are many new proposal and additions are made in the Architecture colleges the pie-chart shows the proposal/addition in existing Architecture colleges. Here, 65% colleges have new proposal in their colleges and remaining 35% don’t have any.

2.1.3 INFERENCES OF SURVEY 

An architecture college should provide Bachelor’s, Master’s Ph. D. in one campus so that all the architectural study comes under one area fully dedicated to Architecture field.

The intake depends on the respective university but according to survey the common intake is 40 student of Bachelor’s degree and 20-20 for Master’s and Ph. D. respectively.

The campus should have facilities like Research laboratory and Construction yards, etc.

The feasible faculty to student ratio is 1:10

The ideal location for Architecture College is city outskirt or university campus.

Horizontal campus is preferable as it creates the chances for open spaces and intermediate spaces.

The architecture college has some interesting and multiuse spaces suitable for learning and experience.

REFFERENCE: Students of Architectural Colleges in Maharashtra- Physical Survey on present scenario of Architecture colleges in Maharashtra.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


2.2 NORMS OF AICTE 2.2.1 NORMS OF AICTE (All India Council for Technical Education) FOR ARCHITECTURE INSTITUTE. The aim of any country’s higher education system is sustainable development and achieving higher growth rates. It is enabled through creation, transmission and dissemination of knowledge. The All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) has been in existence since November 1945. The data mentioned below is from Handbook of AICTE 2015-2016 A. LAND REQUIREMENT FOR TECHNICAL EDUCATION

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


B. CARPET AREA REQUIRMENT (Architecture & Town Planning department)

C. CIRCULATION SPACES

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


D. FACULTY REQUIRMENT

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


2.3 CASE STUDIES Case Studies: 

Chandigarh College of Architecture, Chandigarh

Brick College of Architecture, Pune

Center for Environmental Planning and Technology (CEPT), Ahmedabad

Survey Schedule: 1. Climatic region of the building and architectural response to the respective climate. 2. Site zoning and arrangement of spaces on site according to climate and existing site features. 3. Site surrounding, orientation of building, existing building, monument, existing natural feature etc. and impact of existing building on the surrounding. 4. Planning of building, arrangement of spaces, relation with open space and built mass, Circulation. 5. Study of Studios, Light and Ventilation in Studios. 6. Landscape, Hardscape, Landscaping elements on site and surrounding. 7. Structural System and Material used for the construction of the building 8. Services – Water Supply, Drainage, Electricity, Solid waste management, Storm-water and rainwater management.

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2.3.1 CASE STUDY 1: Chandigarh College of Architecture, Chandigarh A. INTRODUCTION  Climate: Humid Subtropical Climate 

Architect: Le Corbusier

Area: 20,000 sq. m. (5 acre)

Construction type: Exposed Brickwork and Exposed Concrete Chandigarh College of Architecture (CCA) is in Sector 12 in PEC University of Technology Campus. It was established on 7th August 1961 and was set up to impart education in Architecture Le Corbusier design this college as a part of Chandigarh experiment. The college offer 5 years program leading to the degree of Bachelor of Architecture

Figure 1: Entrance of CCA (Source- Author)

affiliated to Punjab University B. CLIMATE:

Chandigarh has a humid subtropical climate characterized by a seasonal rhythm: very hot summer, mild winters, unreliable rainfall and great variation in temperature (-10 C to 46 o C or 30.2 O F to 114 o F) The table below shows the annual climatic reading of City Chandigarh

Figure 2: Climatic Chart of Chandigarh (Source- YR whether statistics)

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


Figure 3: Climatic Table of Chandigarh (Source- YR weather Statistics)

It is observed that the warmest temperature is measured in the month of April to August and the coolest temperature is measured in December to February i.e. in winter season. While precipitation is observe throughout the year except in month of October and maximum precipitation is observe in month of July and August that is for 11 and 9 days respectively Thus, it is observed that climate of Chandigarh is Hottest at its most in summer and Coolest at its most in winter with precipitation throughout the year, proving that Chandigarh has Humid subtropical climate Response to Climate: As Chandigarh has Humid subtropical climate the building has a curvilinear sloping roof which run off the rain water as it mostly rain throughout the year in Chandigarh, also the climate is hot in summer, so the construction is in brick and concrete and elevation treatment are done to reduce the effect of sun inside the building and intake as much as diffuse light it can.

C. SITE AND SURROUNDING As mention earlier Chandigarh College of Architecture is in PEC University of Technology in Sector 12. CCA is widely spread in 5 acre (20,000 sq. m.) campus with its own open space SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


including

cricket

ground

basketball

court,

volleyball court and a gym. The boys’ hostel is located 250 yards at the back and girl’s hostel is in adjacent sector 11. The adjacent image denotes the site of CCA in PEC University of Technology the site is surrounded by sector 11 on east side and Figure 4: Site Surrounding of CCA (Source- Google Maps)

mountain on the west side.

Figure 5: Site layout of CCA (Source- Author)

The site of CCA is bounded by university internal roads 3m wide on north, east and west side and 6m wide on south side having the main entrance. The area of site is 5 acre (20,000 sq. m.), shape if site is rectangular with larger length on south and north side and shorter length on east and west side. The building is in the east side of the site aligned inclined in the north-south axis with front side facing south direction and rear side facing north direction.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


Figure 6: Planning Layout of CCA (Source- Author)

On north and east side the site has dense vegetation while on west and south side site has open ground with no vegetation include playground and lawns. The sun path is on from east to west through south thus the side of entrance is facing The site surrounding mainly include other institutes in the university campus on east and west side and on northern side it has mountains and on southern side it has residential areas and hostel

D. CONCEPT AND PLANNING Concept: The concept of Planning around an open court is used in designing CCA there is central court in the middle of the building and the spaces are planned around that courtyard this court is used for multipurpose and open lectures and workshops thus placed centrally and also as the response to the climatic zone Planning: The primary requirement of any architectural studio is the light and diffuse light from north direction is suitable for the studio purpose this Studios and Library are places on the rear SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


side of the building that is on the northern side of the building, while the administrative areas and corridors are placed on the southern side with entrance and exhibition area. The faculty room and exhibition are placed on the either side of the courtyard while canteen and workshop are isolated from building and placed on the eastern side. Studio: Studios are placed on the north side of the building and large openings are provided on the north wall with curvilinear roof with larger height on one side which receive the north light and provide light to the studio. Vertical slits are provided at the lower level of the wall to intake the cool air inside the studio. The curvilinear roof helps to take maximum

diffuse

light in the studio helpful for student to do their work, also the curve

vault

is

provided in to give light in the corridor. Figure 7: Section of Studio (Source- Author)

Ventilators

are

provided in the wall of shorter height to exhaust the hot air outside the studio, keeping studio cool.

Figure 8: Studio (Source- Author)

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


Circulation: The circulation pattern in CCA is movement through form entrance bifurcated around the courtyard and then to the respective spaces, the spaces are connected through corridor and intermediate spaces.

E. LANDSCAPE

The site of Chandigarh College of Architecture has natural landscape with avenue landscape on the side of roads surrounding the site dense vegetation on the east side contain local trees and lawns are on the south west side of the site with open area for sports and other activities. There is no planned or designed landscape in the site thus Figure 9: Site Landscape of CCA (Source- Google Maps)

natural landscape is used to enhance the beauty of the building.

F. STRUCTURE The

materials

used

in

construction for the building is exposed brickwork and exposed concrete. The structural system is R.C.C. frame structure the main unit of the structural system is the curvilinear roof of the building supported by curve beams, mainly provided to take the north diffuse light to the studio. Figure 10: Structural Diagram (Source- Author)

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


Figure 12: Load Diagram (Source- Author)

Figure 11: Lighting in Corridor (Source- Author)

The curvilinear roof unit is repeated after a specific span, the structural system is along the span and the load is distributed from the curvilinear roof to column. The corridor is roofed by a R.C.C. curve hemisphere roof with openings on east and west side which provide light to the corridors and intermediate spaces. The above figure shows the load distribution through the structural system of building and the figure to right shows the structural roof in corridor and intermediate space, gutters are casted at the end of the roof on the both side.

Figure 13: North Side Elevation (Source- Author)

Faรงade design: Two major facades of CCA face north and south direction the north faรงade is the external wall of the studios while the front wall i.e. entrance which face south side. The faรงade treatment on south wall is plain glass on height to intake the north diffuse light and wall with slit windows are at the lower height.

Figure 14: South wall facade (Source- Author)

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


While the south façade faces the bright sunlight, thus the front façade is treated with design pattern on wall this pattern help to penetrate least sunlight in the building the blocks are precast and install on site to create the curtain façade. The entrance lobby, corridor and area are Figure 15: Facade Design of South wall (Source- Author)

covered by the front wall. This pattern wall creates a hollow tube which blocks the

bright sunlight falling on the wall and thus we get diffuse light in the space within. Glass is fixed on the inner side of opening as we can see in the photographs. but the disadvantage of this wall is that as it is made up of concrete and glass is fixed on the inner side the wall heats up the space within which is not good for any habitable space. this wall can be made in any insulating material or glass must not be placed on the inner wall so that there will be natural ventilation. G. OBSERVATION 

The structure is design with repetition of modular roof with sloping curvilinear roof and half hemispherical vault to intake the light.

The spaces are planned around a central court and are connected to each other with partition and wall with lower height

Innovation in structural elements for the response to the climate of the city.

Plenty of light in studios and ventilation through the studio.

Fluent circulation and accessibility to all the spaces.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


2.3.2 CASE STUDY 2: SMEF’s Brick College of Architecture, Pune A. INTRODUCTION  Climate: Hot and Semi-arid climate

 Architect: Girish Doshi, Navkaar Architects

 Total site area: 36421.70 sq. m. (9 acres)  Total Built-up: 1100 sq. m.  Construction type: Exposed brickwork and exposed concrete Figure 16: Entrance of Brick COA (Source- Author)

Brick College of Architecture is in Undri area in outskirts of Pune city. It was established in year this school of architecture is a model for the pupils to peek into the myriad world of architecture. For a student who spends nearly one-third of the day in the institution over a period of five years, the design of the institution itself is bound to make an impact on his/her mind. The School of Architecture is part of a 9-acre integrated design campus that will later house other schools of design as well, to foster inter-disciplinary design thoughts and processes. B. CLIMATE Pune has a hot semi-arid climate bordering with tropical wet and dry (Aw) with average temperatures ranging between 19 to 33 °C (66 to 91 °F). Pune experiences three seasons: summer, monsoon, and winter. ... Even during the hottest months, the nights are usually cool due

Figure 17: Climatic Chart of Pune (Source- YR Weather Statistics)

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


to Pune's high altitude. The figure below shows the reading of annual climate of Pune City

Figure 18: Climatic table of Pune (YR- weather statistics)

The maximum temperature recorded is 37.7

o

C in the month of April and the summer

temperature ranges from 35.4 0 C to 36.9 0 C. and the lowest temperature recorded is 11 0 C in the month of January and the winter temperature ranges from 12.1

0

C to 14.4

0

C. the

precipitation is observe most in the month of July with maximum of 17 days and the average precipitation in rainy season is for around 15 days. Response to climate: As the building is planned in the hot and semi-arid region the planning is inspired from local wada architecture the spaces are planned around an open central court which create courtyard effect which keeps the building cool and provide ample of light require for the studios and for rainy season the gutters are provided, and the rain water is collected in water body courts. C. SITE AND SURROUNDING The site is located at the outskirts of the Pune city in its sub-urban part name Undri, the area is developing as a residential part and the surrounding of the site mainly consist of residential highrise apartments. The area in present day is barren land and is in developing condition with ongoing constructions and roads

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


The site of Brick College of Architecture has land for future expansion the site is at the hill foot thus has a slope from rear side to front side, the building is aligned in North South axis with major and site entry from west side and minor road on the north side. The land on the back side is

Figure 19: Site and Surrounding of Brick COA (Source- Google Maps)

barren with natural landscape. Impact of Building on surrounding: As

the building is in outskirt of Pune city it creates sound environment for study purpose and the surrounding is non-congested area and development is not that much the building does not create any special impact on the surrounding and the architecture of the building contrast the existing housing buildings and compliments the mountain and natural surroundings of the site. due to exposed material and mountain like form. D. CONCEPT AND PLANNING Concept: The planning of Brick College of Architecture is inspired from old Hindu temple design. The design also draws its concept from vernacular architecture of Old Pune city, in

Figure 20: Concept and Planning of Brick COA (Source- Birck website)

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


Making contemporary interpenetration of the courtyard Wada typology. The spaces are arranged around an open courtyard with symmetry in plan with three zone the front one is entrance plaza and admin, the Central grand court and the third one is the Studio on

Figure 21: Planning of Brick COA (Source- Author)

the back side. Planning: The planning of the College is Symmetrical along the central axis with spaces planned around the central court having semi open, closed and open spaces. We enter the entrance plaza and then we proceed to Entrance court. Admin is attach on the both side of the entrance court with attach open courts and water bodies to take the light to the office spaces, later we proceed to the central plaza i.e. the open courtyard the services like toilets and staircase and ramps are

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


placed at the four corners of the open court. this court has adjacent court in east and west direction which are the workshop spaces (semi-open). The studio is places at the last of the building. Small courts are provided between two adjacent studios to provide light to the studios as larges opening are provided to the wall facing courtyards. This courtyard also provides cool air to the studio. The spaces are arranged in axial form and the intermediate spaces include courtyards and open classrooms. Studio: Studios are placed along the central courtyard. Every studio has its individual model storage. The studios are well lit and naturally ventilated. The

studios

have

provision

for

expansion and physical connectivity Figure 22: Section through studio (Source- Author)

with outdoor. Maximum day light is received through the large opening.

The studios are placed on the south side of the site which is the hottest part as sun-path in Pune is east to west via south direction. Large projections are provided on the south wall thus prevent the bright sunlight from south to enter in the studio also the look over bridge act as another chajja which prevent the bright sunlight from south direction. All the studios are connected to each other with continuous bridge passing through all the studio acting as look over bridge for faculty and student of other class to attend lectures and seminars of other class without disturbing the studio below ventilation shafts are also provided in the studio

Figure 23: Section through studios (Source- Author)

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


the shaft is on the external wall of the studio and is continuous shaft is from lookover bridge to topmost and openings are provided on the external wall to exhaust the hot air outside. the structure creates the stack effect which eliminates the hot air and intake the cool air.

Figure 24: Daylight in Studio (Source- Author)

A small courtyard is places in between two adjacent studios this courtyard gives light to the studios having large opening and act as interacting spaces between two studios. also, open classrooms are provided at the backside of each studio. Circulation: The main circulation is along the symmetrical axis and branches to the respective spaces, the circulation here is axial. the circulation path is through open court and intermediate spaces there is no corridor in the building all the spaces are connected to each other with the intermediate semi open spaces. Landscape Site of Brick College of Architecture has natural landscape with local available trees and some of the landscaping areas are under construction, they include Amphitheatre, Gyaan-Kund Kund of knowledge basically design for open class discussion, other elements are fountains in entrance plaza, intermediate courtyards

Figure 25: Site and Surrounding (Source- Google Maps)

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


the adjoining figures shows the Gyaan Kund and Entrance court similar to this most of the landcape element are proposed on site and yet to be installed.moderate natural landscape is present on side with deciduous trees.

Figure 26: Landscape element (Source- Author)

E. STRUCTURE The roof of the structure is sloping and is of pure slab structure basically inspired to merge the site background i.e. the mountains in the back of the building this sloping slabs are casted on site

Figure 28: Section through building (Source- Author)

Figure 27: Load Diagram (Source- Author)

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


Figure 29: Section through building (Source- Author)

and are design to wash off the rain water off the structure, this sloping roofs are supported on the columns and heavy beams supported on the wall and columns, the roof of central court has a longitudinal cutoff along the central symmetrical axis which is supported on the four major columns in the entrance plaza. The inverted slab is provided in the entrance court to get the clear space. the structural system of the building is regular R.C.C. frame structure with equally spanned beams covering the long span of the structure. F. OBSERVATION 

The structure is constructed by using and experimenting new form through structural concrete.

The open spaces are used in many purposes like cultural activity, interactive spaces, open studios and central plaza.

Plenty of light and ventilation in studios and office spaces taken from intermediate courtyard attach to office spaces

The open and closed spaces are connected to each other both visually and physically to create sound environment for study purpose.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


2.3.3 CASE STUDY 3: Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology (CEPT), Ahmedabad A. INTRODUCTION

 University comprises of 5 faculties 1. School of Architecture 2. School of Planning 3. School of Building Science and Technology 4. School of Interior Design 5. Faculty of Management 

Climate: Hot and Semi-arid climate

Architect: B.V. Doshi

Total Site Area: 36421.70 sq. m. (9 acres)

Total built-up: 8000 sq. m. (School of Architecture)

Construction type: Exposed Brickwork and exposed Concrete CEPT University, formerly Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology is an academic institution located in Gujarat university Ahmedabad. It was established in year of 1962, it offers

undergraduate

and

post

graduate

programmes in areas of natural and developed environment of human society and related disciplines. and designed by Ar. B.V. Doshi CEPT has established centres of study in the Figure 30: Entrance of CEPT (Source- Author)

following areas:

1. CEPT Research and Development Foundation (CRDF) 2. Center of Urban Equity (CUE) 3. Center for Advanced Research in Building Science and Energy (CARBSE) 4. Design Innovation and Craft Resource Center (DICRC) 5. Center for Excellence in Urban Transportation (CoE)

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


B. CLIMATE Ahmedabad has a Hot and Semi-Arid Climate, with marginally less than required for a tropical savanna climate there are three main seasons: Summer, Rainy and Winter. Aside from monsoon season, the climate is extremely dry.

Figure 31: Climatic Chart of Ahmedabad (Source- YR Climatic Statistics)

The annual climatic readings are as follow:

Figure 32: Climatic Table of Ahmedabad (Source- YR weather statistics)

The weather is hot from March to June; the average summer maximum temperature 42

0

C and

average minimum is 24 0 C. From November to February the average maximum temperature is 30 0 C, the average minimum is 13 0 C. The cold northernly winds are responsible for a mild chill in January. The southwest monsoon brings a humid climate from mid-June to mid-September. The average annual rainfall is 800mm and maximum precipitation is for 15 days in month August. SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


Response to Climate: The campus of CEPT has scattered planning in which small landscape patch are planned to avoid the heating up of the campus and the building. the building is planned with intermediate open spaces including open jury area, interaction spaces and passages. this lower down the heat to the building and building have openings in north direction and large projection are provided on the south side. C. SITE AND SURROUNDING CEPT campus is in Gujarat University. other institutional buildings are the surrounding of the campus. In East Side School of Engineering and Applied Science is located. on south side have M.G. Science institute, L.M. College of Pharmacy. Accessibility to campus is from two sides, on west side have main University road Figure 33: Site and Surrounding of CEPT (Source- Google Maps)

and main entrance is from secondary road on North side.

Campus map: The diagram below shows the is the layout of CEPT campus as we enter the campus the first building we see is Faculty of Architecture and Faculty of Planning and north lawns are in front of the building, Shrenkibhai Plaza is the central plaza of the campus for multifunctional use like sports and cultural activity. on the south side of the campus other two faculties that are Faculty of Technology and Faculty of Design with School of Interior design and New Library building. on the southmost side there is Hussain Doshi Guffa and canteen and recreational area. CEPT campus has scattered planning creating Figure 34: Site layout of CEPT (Source- Author)

intermediate open spaces, which are designed for

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


innovative purposes like cultural activity, sports, and interaction and jury spaces. All the buildings follow the same architectural character and have a distinct feature like the large opening on the north side and projection on the south side. The construction is in exposed brickwork and exposed concrete. On east side of campus amenities are placed like canteen, stationery, printing shop, etc. and a basketball court, on front side it has faculty parking. Impact of Building on Surrounding: As CEPT campus is one of the oldest campus in the Gujarat university area, it became a benchmark building to its surrounding, the recently constructed building in CEPT campus is School of Engineering and Technology is designed on the design principles of CEPT building and its architectural feature is inspired form the architectural feature also a new proposal for extension of CEPT which is will also follow the architectural principles of old CEPT Building. D. CONCEPT AND PLANNING Concept: The influence of Louis Kahn and Le Corbusier can be clearly see in the building design. the free plan concept is adopted with space underneath it which is active and multi-functional,

designed

for

sun

protection and exposure to breeze. The buildings are placed orthogonally with respect to the side of the site and hence along the cardinal direction. A look Figure 35: Site layout of CEPT- Architecture

at the plan will reveal the predominance of the north and south direction in the

general organization scheme of the site as well as its component building. The placement of buildings themselves spread out and interspersed with loosely held open spaces by terrain features and greenery which creates a set of inter connected, flowing spaces which may be

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


Figure 38: Basement level plan, Architecture department (Source- Author)

Figure 36: Ground floor plan, Architecture Department (Source- Author)

Figure 37: First Floor plan, Architecture Department (Source- Author)

transversed by several combinations of path taken thus conveying a sense of continuity and openness SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


The built form starts with pair of parallel walls. The basic component of the buildings of CEPT a derivative of pair of parallel, load bearing walls supporting a flat floor slab. The repeated occurrence of a parallel walled structure in the building of the campus can be observed. The overall planning is done around a central court with a built mass on sides and green one side which give the campus noise protection from traffic. Architect has included uneven contour into the plan transforming a drawback into a delightful experience of space. the whole building is a very simple and architectural element are expressive of their function. The spaces created by volumes and voids are visually exciting. The building has simple horizontal lines and merges beautifully with the site. The building is two storeyed with a splitlevel basement. The building design incorporates the thermal comfort and natural society.

Figure 40: Basement level plan, Planning Department (Source- Author)

)

Figure 39: First floor plan, Planning Department (Source- Author)

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


Figure 41: First Floor plan, Planning Department (Source- Author)

Basement: The basement is multipurpose space. It is a very active space of the campus. On one side of the basement rising contour can be seen, and on the other side step towards the central courtyard. thus, the north and south wall have been avoided. Numerous activities are performed here like cultural programs, fest and exhibition, indoor games. Academic juries, open seminars, interactions are held in this basement. Central Courtyard: The central court is a combination of paved and unpaved areas, shaded by trees in certain areas. All entrances are linked to the courtyard by pedestrian pathways. Hence the courtyard in an area of heavy circulation and interaction. The courtyard has grown organically with the addition if informal seating court has large unpaved area, lacking in grass or vegetation. Cultural activities reading, games, meetings etc. happen here.

Figure 42: Basement used as Jury area (Source- Author)

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


Studio: The studios have large openings which open into the greenery outside. Panels at the sides help the students to put up the important and useful sheets. All the studios are above one another, along with the adjacent lecture rooms. There are common interaction zones between the studios of different years. The climatic needs and comfort of its users. The building section and double height studios are well conceived to facilitate air flow. the Building is oriented along East-West axis with opening on North and South and thick wall are provided on the east and west to keep off the hot sun.

Figure 43: Daylight in Studio (Source- Author)

on the south side the large projection is provide to cutoff the sun rays to enter in the in the studios. Library: The new installation in the CEPT campus. The new library Lilavati Lalbhai Library design by architect Ar. Rahul Mehrotra. A six storey library building placed in the centre of the campus, three floors above the ground and three basements below the ground level. Ground floor consist of Exhibition area and Reception of Library, first floor consists of Digital library and second floor consist of reading hall. the first basement consists of reading section and librarian desk along with book core on mezzanine, second basement consists of Reading hall and interaction space with half book core. The Figure 44: New Library CEPT (Source- Author) SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


third basement is storeroom and archive room. The library is isolated with external area with a cavity in between creating a noise-free space in the library the external faรงade is made of steel structure and vertical fins which controls the sun light to penetrate inside the library. Indoor Circulation: 1. Circulation within the building is very complicated with lots of level changes and staircase at different level. 2. The corridors are less and short length 3. All the places within are visually interconnected

Figure 45: Intermediate spaces (Source- Author)

Outdoor Circulation 1. The circulation in this campus is pedestrianized. 2. The vehicular access is restricted along the periphery of the campus 3. There are lots of trees within the enclosed spaces from where all the building is accessed which provide ample shade and comfort.

E. LANDSCAPE The campus is full of neem trees, which were planted over the years since the initial phase make hot Ahmedabad climate cooler. the trees provide a perpetual changing Figure 46: Site landscape of CEPT (Source- Google Maps)

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


pattern of light and shade. There are many interconnecting pathways with brick paving and terracotta tilling. There are also small plants within the building and plotted plants at places. The steps in fact become external activity organizing informal discussions, performances or even for simply lazing around.

Figure 47: Open Spaces in CEPT (Source- Author)

F. STRUCTURE The structural system is load bearing with large parallel structural wall and beams spanned along the shorter span and covering all the studios. the structural load is transferred from slab to beam to structural wall. G. OBSERVATIONS

 Simple structure of parallel brick wall and concrete beams and floors that is extendable and easy to maintain.

 An open place with hardly any door. No feeling of restriction to exchange of ideas and free scope of teaching and learning anywhere.

 More use of interaction and transition areas like corridors, galleries and courts and foyers throughout the campus.

 Building looking inward makes the environment livelier.  Circulation is so easy to make all the building accessible. 

The informal interaction spaces with trees and seating make them relaxing and calm

 Combined studios at two level effects the environmental positivity and negativity. SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


TOPIC

1. CHANDIGARH COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE, CHANDIGARH

2. BRICK COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE, PUNE

3. Center for Environmental Planning and Technology (CEPT), AHMEDABAD

INFERRENCE

1. SITE PLAN

Rectangular site, Building Placed alligned to North-South axis in East side

Contour Site, Building placed North-South Slightly sloping site, Building centrally placed Axis on West side alligned to North-South axis

DISCRIBTION

The building is planned around open court, studios are placed at the rear side, faculty and other areas are planned on the either side of the courtyard and admin and exhibition areas are on the front side

The planning is inspired from the south temples and local architecture, the spaces are planned around a open court, the studios are placed on the rear side of the building and admin and other spaces are placed on the front side of the building.

The building should be planned so that the spaces are well connected to each other with The planing is scattered and also blocks are planned around an open space/plaza, the studios intermediate spaces with multipurpose use are placed on the front site alligned in North South considering climate and other on-site factors axis. While the other spaces are scattereed and the studios should be facing to north with proper opening

3. MASS, VOID AND INTERLOCKS

Spaces are arranged around an open space and mass with central void

Adjacent Massing and Void Arrangement

Interlocked Massing and Void arrangement

4. SPATIAL ORGANIATION

Centralized Organization - the spaces are in linear sequence with repeitated module

Linear Organization - the spaces are arranged in linear repititive sequence

Clustered organization - Spaces are grouped by Repitative arrangement of Open, Semi-open proximity o the sharing of a common visual and Clossed spaces is preferable trait or relationship

DISCRIBTION

Building should be plan along North South axis to get maximum diffuse light to studio.

2. ZONING & PLANNING

Interlocked massing and void is preferable as it create intermedia spaces for multifunction


5. OPEN SPACES

Open spaces are distributed throughout Here Both Large central open space and small A large open spaces is places in the center of the building creating a small pockets of open space pockets are used to overcome the the building also acting as multifunctional area open spaces which are multiused and also climatic effect. benificail for climatic consideration

Uniform distribution of Open spaces throughout the building is preferble which act as multiuse space and also help to overcome climatic effect

6. CONNECTIVITY

The conectivity form one space with The connectivity of one space with another is another is through open spaces and through passages and corridors corridors

The connectivity from one space to another is through open spaces and corridor

The connectivity between two spaces should be of certain use and placed in hierarchy

Structural system- R.C.C. Framework with curviliner roof

Structural system - R.C.C. framework with sloping roof

Structural System- Loadbearing along parallel Brickwall and uniform beam grid

The structural system depends on the requirement of space and appearance of builfin

The curviliner roof creates a large opening on the upper side of northern faรงade which provide diffuse light to studio, and ventilators are provided on the upper side of opposite wall and slits are are provided at the lower side of northern faรงade for ventilation

Thus, studios are placed on the south side the large canopy and large opening provide light to the studios and the ventilaton is mainly from the adjoining courtyard

Slant openings are provided on the northern side of studios which provide light to the studios and openings are at the lower height of the wall for ventilation purpose

The studios should be oriented to the north side in order to receive the north diffuse light and proper opeing should be provided for ventilation

7. STRUCTURAL SYSTEM

DISCRIBTION

8. LIGHT AND VENTILATION

DISCRIBTION


9. STUDIOS

10. LANDSCAPE

DISCRIBTION

natural Landscape is used on site with dense vegetation of local trees and lawn The faรงade is made of brickwork and on southern side it is design in order to stop harsh sunrays from south side

Natural vegetation is used on site, decidious vegetation at some part of site along with landscaping elements like fountains water ponds etc The faรงade is design with exposed brickwork and exposed R.C.C. and large opening

Planned landscape with use of Local vegetation along with lawns and landscaping elements

The faรงade is design with exposed brickwork and exposed concrete with extended beam and large opening

Landscape should be planned and enhancing the site context with the more use of local trees for managable maintainence The faรงade should be design such that to intake more diffuse light and ventilation to the building and also give suttle and visual appearance to the building

11. FACADES

The colour and texture of the building should be in contrast with surrounding in order to give certain characteristic to the building

12. TEXTURE AND COLOUR

13. CIRCULATION

The circulation is around central court and then branching to the respective spaces

The circulation is along the central symmetrical axis Branching to studio through intermediate spaces

Circulation is accord to respective spaces following the path space relationship

Circulation of the building should be planned such that it passes through various hierarchy of spaces and are easily accesible i.e. Path space relationship


SR. NO.

AREA

1 SITE AREA 2 3 4 5 5 6

7 8

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23

BUILT UP AREA PARKING ENTRANCE CENTRAL PLAZA ADMIN HOSTELS Boys Hostel Girls Hostel SPORTS AREA STUDENT CENTRE ATM + Bank Laundry Stationery shop Cafetaria Clinic Printing shop AUDITORIUM CENTRAL LIBRARY STUDIO CLASS ROOM COMPUTER CENTER FACULTY ROOM RESEARCH ROOM MEETING ROOM CABIN MULTIPURPOSE HALL WORKSHOP CLIMATOLOGY LAB

CASE STUDY 1CHANDIGARH COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE, CHANDIGARH 20,000 SQ.M. (5 acre ) 5553 SQ. M.

36421.70 SQ. M. acres) 1100 SQ. M.

3338 SQ. M. 1002 SQ. M. 870 SQ. M. 300 SQ. M.

1151 SQ. M. 828 SQ. M. 308 SQ. M. 500 SQ. M

nil nil Basketball court 384 SQ.M. nil nil nil 384 SQ.M. nil nil nil 500 SQ. M. 80 SQ. M. 60 SQ. M. 60 SQ. M. 100 SQ. M. nil 60 SQ. M. 30 SQ. M.

CASE STUDY 2- BRICK CASE STUDY 3- CEPT COLLEGE OF UNIVERSITY ARCHITECTURE

4151 SQ. M. 584 SQ. M. 2886 SQ. M. 450 SQ. M.

60 SQ. M 30 SQ. M.

nil nil Basketball court 370 SQ. M. 90 SQ. M. nil 90 SQ. M. 90 SQ. M. nil 90 SQ. M. nil 5000 SQ. M. 90 SQ. M. 60 SQ. M. 80 SQ. M. 120 SQ. M. 300 SQ. M. 90 SQ. M. 30 SQ. M.

100 SQ. M.

120 SQ. M.

120 SQ. M.

100 SQ. M. nil

100 SQ. M. 60 SQ. M

120 SQ. M. 60 SQ. M.

nil

60 SQ. M

60 SQ. M.

300 SQ.M.

500 SQ. M.

IN STUDIO

900 SQ. M.

MATERIAL MUSEUM CONSTRUCTION 274 SQ. M. 24 YARD 25 JURY AREA IN STUDIO

nil nil nil

(9 36421.70 SQ.M. acres) 8000 SQ. M.

180 SQ. M nil nil 60 SQ. M nil nil nil nil 200 SQ. M. 90 SQ. M. 60 SQ. M 60 SQ. M 90 SQ. M. nil

(9


2.4. CONCLUSION OF CASE STUDY 

Climate responsive Architecture

Zoning to be done considering the requirements and the use of the campus

Pedestrian free campus

Better interaction between indoor and outdoor spaces which is an important characteristic of building.

More and more multi-functional spaces to be included to increase the interaction between students-students, students-faculty, faculty-faculty interaction.

A free circulation campus with proper segregation of vehicular and pedestrian access.

Massing of building should be visually lighter and it shall be accompanied by balconies and terraces.

Open spaces at building level also play an important role.

Interactive spaces between the building in the form of staircase, terraces, balconies, etc.

Clear building circulation along with natural light and ventilation helps in active planning pattern of the campus.

Floor to floor height of the building should be kept 3.6 to 4m in order to provide double height and mezzanine spaces.

Cross ventilation technique and north light building technique help in creating lively environment in study

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


2.5. ARCHITECTURAL STANDARDS AND REQUIREMENT STUDY 2.5.1 ARCHITECTURAL STANDARDS To design a certain building we need to follow the minimum standards. Mentioned below are some standards required for architecture are lecture theatre, studios and class room.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


2.5.2 REQUIREMENT STUDY The institute consists of basic spaces like administration, gathering spaces like plaza, garden, working spaces in form of studios, workshops, classrooms, research labs, construction yards, etc. and residential areas like hostel and dining hall, with recreational areas like sport’s complex and auditorium and refreshment area like canteen and student area. A. ADMINISTRATION AREA: 

Administration area must have common facilities which is shared by all office staff and principal and non-teaching staff.

It should be accessible to all the workers of administration area and visitors can access the reception area directly.

All data of institution should be available here and it will be enclosed to administration head office.

Cashier space and locker should be isolated and not accessible to all accept the office worker.

B. STUDIO AND CLASSROOM 

Different type of studios for different departments

The studio must have enough working space, storage area, display area and area for interaction.

The studio must have intake of fresh air and north light.

Studio size may vary according to number of user and department.

C. LIBRARY 

Reading area which is permanently lit with the daylight.

Reference area should be accessible to librarian and under his/her supervision students and faculty should refer the data.

Cloak room should be outside the library.

Storage and Achieves shall be accessible to librarian only and for student and faculty in special case.

Audio/visual information area should be provided separately.

Digital library should be placed separately.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


D. COMPUTER LAB 

100 students can access the lab at a time.

The lab should be air conditioned as the server room needs to be cool all the time.

Software and hardware storage should be accessible to lab in-charge and it should be places near his/her cabin.

E. EXHIBITION AND JURY AREA 

There should be two type of exhibition one permanent and temporary exhibition.

Permanent exhibition should display the work of previous academic year.

It might be a room or a large space

Exhibition area should be easily accessible to the visitors

Temporary exhibition area should be place near workshop and studio

The common jury area should be provided near to studios so that during jury it will be easily accessible to all.

F. WORKSHOP 

Workshop space shall be placed near the studios

Requirement of space may change according to nature of workshop.

Storage space should be more.

G. AUDITORIUM 

Minimum 1000 seat capacity

It will have all required space in auditorium criteria.

Entrance shall be semi-covered space with appropriate volume so when they gather, the space does not seem congested.

H. SPORT COMPLEX 

Provision of indoor games and gymnasium

Long span structure to accommodate more courts of sports

I. CANTEEN 

It shall be common gathering space

It shall be a common gathering space.

it shall have open and semi-open space

It shall also be connected with sport

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2.6 DESIGN PROGRAMME

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U.G. DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE = 5 YEARS, ANNUAL INTAKE = 40 STUDENT, TOTAL INTAKE = 200, TOTAL STAFF = 20 (1:10, STUDENT:FACULTY) TOTAL POPULATION = 200+20+11(NON TEACHING STAFF) = 231 NO. A. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

ACADEMICS STUDIO + LOCKERS MULTIPURPOSE AREA COMPUTER CENTER FACULTY ROOM TOILETS HOD CABIN+ATTACHED TOILET MEETING ROOM STORE ROOM TOTAL AREA

AREA NAME AREA PER STUDENT NO. OF STUDENT NO. 3 SQ. M. 40 3 SQ. M. 40 2 SQ. M. 40 3 SQ. M. 20 persons (AS PER REQ.) 1.5 SQ. M.

5 1 1 1

INDIVIDUAL AREA (120+50)=170 240 80 60

1 1 1

30 60 15

TOTAL 850 240 80 60 30 60 15 1335

U.G. DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING= 4 YEARS, ANNUAL INTAKE = 40 STUDENTS, TOTAL INTAKE = 160, TOTAL STAFF = 16 (1:10, STUDENT:FACULTY) TOTAL POPULATION = 160+16+10(NON TEACHING STAFF) = 186 B. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

ACADEMICS STUDIO + LOCKERS MULTIPURPOSE AREA COMPUTER CENTER FACULTY ROOM TOILETS HOD CABIN+ATTACHED TOILET PANTRY MEETING ROOM STORE ROOM GIRLS AND BOYS COMMON ROOM (BOTH B.ARCH AND B.PLANNING) TOTAL AREA

AREA PER STUDENT NO. OF STUDENT NO. 3 SQ. M. 40 3 SQ. M. 40 2 SQ. M. 40 3 SQ. M. 16 persons (AS PER REQ.)

1.5 SQ. M.

4 1 1 1

INDIVIDUAL AREA (120+50)=170 240 80 50

1 1 1 1

30 10 60 15

2

120

TOTAL 680 240 80 50 30 10 60 15 240 1405

P.G. DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE = 2 YEARS, ANNUAL INTAKE = 20,STUDENT, DEPARTMENTS = 6 TOTAL INTAKE = 240 , TOTAL STAFF = (1:5, STUDENT:FACULTY) TOTAL POPULATION = 240+48+12 (NON TEACHING STAFF) = 300 SR.NO. 1 2 3 4 5 6 C. 1 2 3 4 5 7 8 10 11

D. 1 3 4 5 6 7 5 6 7

E. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

LIST OF DEPARTMENTS YEARS INTAKE TOTAL DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURAL CONSERVATION 2 20 40 DEAPARTMENT OF URBAN DESIGN 2 20 40 DEPARTMENT OF LANDSCAPE AND ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING 2 20 40 DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING 2 20 40 DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIAL DESIGN 2 20 40 DEPARTMENT OF DIGITAL ARCHITECUTRE 2 20 40 THE AREA MENTION BELOW IS APPLICABLE TO ALL DEPARTMENTS ACADEMICS STUDIO+LOCKERS SEMINAR HAL COMPUTER CENTER FACULTY ROOM TOILETS MEETING ROOM HOD CABIN+ATTACHED TOILET PANTRY STORE ROOM TOTAL AREA CENTRAL LIBRARY LOBBY + RECEPTION LONGUE BOOK STACK AND BOOK CORE READING AREA DIGITAL LIBRARY SEMINAR HALLS LIBRARIAN CABIN + LENDING SECTION STORE ROOM + ARCHIVES TOILETS TOTAL AREA AUDITORIUM (CAPACITY - 1000) ADMIN SEATING AREA STAGE BACK STAGE GREEN ROOM VIP LONGUE STORE ROOM TOILETS

AREA PER STUDENT NO. OF STUDENT NO. 3 SQ. M. 20 1.5 SQ. M. 20 2 SQ. M. 20 3 SQ. M. 24 persons (AS PER REQ.) 2 SQ. M.

12 6 2 1

INDIVIDUAL AREA 80 40 80 72

TOTAL

2 1 1 1

60 25 10 15

120 25 10 15 1522

1 1 6 1 1 2 1 1

30 30 50 360 100 40 60 50

30 30 300 360 100 80 60 50

960 240 80 72

AS PER REQ. 1010

1.2 SQ. M.

1000

1 1 1

30 1200 75

30 1200 75

3 1 2

12 15 12

36 15 24

CIRCULATION AREA

AS PER REQ.


9 PREFUNCTION LOBBY TOTAL AREA F. 1 2 3 3 4 5 5

G. 1 2 3 4 5 6

H.

STUDENT CENTER ATM LAUNDRY STATIONERY SHOP CAFETARIA (KITCHEN,UTILITY AND COVER AREA) CLINIC TOTAL AREA

1.5 SQ. M.

6 SQ/MCH

1.5 SQ. M.

RESEARCH BUILDING 1 LABORATORIES A. MATERIAL TESTING AND CONSTRUCTION LAB B. SURVEYING AND LEVELLING LAB C. CLIMATOLOGY LAB D. PARAMETRISM LAB E. SERVICES LAB F. CONSERVATION LAB 2 WORKSHOPS 3 MATERIAL MUSEUM 4 CONSTRUCTION YARDS 5 STORE ROOMS 6 ADMIN AREA 7 TOILETS TOTAL AREA

I. 1 2 3 3 4

J.

ADMINISTRATION RECEPTION+WAITING+HELP DESK PRINCIPAL+VICE PRINCIPAL CABIN + ATTACH TOILET EACH OFFICE CONFERENCE ROOM RECORD ROOM PANTRY STORE ROOM TOTAL AREA

SPORTS COMPLEX GYM + CHANGING ROOM BADMINTON COURT SWIMMING POOL INDOOR GAME ROOM STUDENT ACTIVITY HALL TOTAL AREA

1/LAB

1

40

40 1420

1

100

100

2

30

60

1 1 1 1 1

200 60 30 6 30

200 60 30 6 30 486

1 1 4 2

12 20 20 150

12 20 20 300

1

40

40 392

6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 6 1

60 60 60 50 60 50 200 60 320 30 60

60 60 60 50 60 50 200 60 320 180 60

(AS PER REQ.) 840

2 SQ. M.

1 1

150 80

150 80 (OPEN COURT)

1 1

50 450

50 450 650

75 2

24 100

1800 200

2 SQ. M.

RESIDENTIAL AREA (G:B = 70% : 30%) BOYS HOSTEL (1) 1 ROOMS 2 COMMON ROOM (TOILET, JANITOR ROOM, PANTRY)

1.5 1.5

TOTAL GIRLS HOSTEL (3) 1 ROOMS 2 COMMON ROOM (TOILET, JANITOR ROOM, PANTRY)

1.5 1.5

175 2

1.5

2000 24 100

4200 200

1

600

4400 1100 7500

3 1 2 2 1

10 50 15 10 100

TOTAL DINNING HALL TOTAL AREA K. 1 2 3 4 5

SERVICES WATER PUMP ROOM SEWAGE WATER TREATMENT PLANT SERVER ROOM ELECTRICAL BACKUP ROOM GENERATOR ROOM TOTAL AREA

TOTAL BUILT UP

I.

30 50 30 20 100 230

CIRCULATION 25% OF BUILT UP

16790 5351

TOTAL BUILT UP

22141

PARKING

2 WHEELER AREA

4 WHEELER AREA

NO. OF 2 WHEELER

NO. OF 4 WHEELER

TOTAL PARKING


1 STUDENTS 2 STAFF 3 VISITORS PARKING TOTAL AREA

1 SQ. M. 1 SQ. M. 1 SQ. M.

6 SQ. M. 6 SQ. M. 6 SQ. M.

190 28 38

10 17 161

150 130 1004 1284


CHAPTER 3 – SITE SELECTION AND ANALYSIS 3.1 SITE SELECTION A. FACT FILE 

State: Maharashtra

Region: Marathwada

Area: 139 sq. km. (54 sq. miles)

Elevation: 568 m (1864 ft.)

Population: 1,575,116

B. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF CITY Aurangabad city was founded by the great past Malik Amber, The Prime minister of Nizam shah of Ahmednagar, in 1610 AD. on the site of village 'Khirki'. The name 'Khirki' was given because it served as opening (Window) between the north and the south Indian culture. Aurangabad is the Trade center and Subedari Headquarters those days. In 1653 when Mughal prince Aurangzeb was appointed the viceroy of the Deccan for the second time, he made Fatehnagar his capital and renamed it Aurangabad. Aurangabad is sometimes referred to as Khujista Bunyad by the Chroniclers of Aurangzeb's reign. The city is a tourism hub, surrounded by many historical monuments, including the Ajanta Caves

and

Ellora

UNESCO World as Bibi

Ka

Caves,

which

Heritage Sites, as

Maqbara

are well

and Panchakki. The

administrative headquarters of the Aurangabad Division or Marathwada region, Aurangabad is Figure 1: Map of Aurangabad District

titled "The City of Gates" and the strong

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presence of these can be felt as one drives through the city. The City was founded in 1610 by Malik Amber which in the year 2010 completed 400 years. Aurangabad is the Tourism Capital of Maharashtra. Aurangabad is the fifth largest City in Maharashtra. Aurangabad has shown tremendous development in industrial and educational field. It is also historical city and it has its own attractions and charms. The world-famous Ajanta and Ellora caves being easily approachable from Aurangabad, city came on the world tourist map. It has become attractive tourists, center with 'Star' hotel facilities for lodging and boarding. Aurangabad is also famous for its Himroo handloom Products.

C. TOPOGRAPHY AND LANDSCAPE It could be seen that on the northern side, corporation area limits are flanked by Jatwada, Ohar, Sawangi, Tuljapur hills ranges and on the south, locally named satara hills Balapur, Deolai, Gandheli are located where there are scenic beauty spots. While entering the city from south-western side the curvilinear entry keeps the eye moving along the interesting skyline created because hill ranges as also some of the hilly lands formed in the form of hillocks. Most of the lands from chikalthana & Harsul are agriculture land. In Aurangabad municipal corporation area, there is old city fort wall. The built gates along with windows fitted in the fort wall represents interesting profile on one side and on the other side Aamkhas Maidan is located, where beautiful skyline is created because interesting profile of the uplands. The famous Subhedari guest house occupying a prestigious position. The famous majnoo hill location and tank at its north near Delhi gate also speaks of its landscape awaiting further attractive development.

D. TOURISM AND MONUMENTS Aurangabad city is rich in historical monuments as it has very vast historical background it has heritage sites of Ellora and Ajanta caves, Mughal buildings like Bibi ka Maqbara, Tomb of Aurangzeb at Khultabad, Fortification wall and gates, Deogiri fort at Daulatabad, etc. Aurangabad city is the large tourism hub in Maharashtra state. This gives Aurangabad city a distinct Architectural feature.

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Ellora Caves: Located on the North-West side of Aurangabad near Khultabad at 39 km from Aurangabad, it is a World Heritage site by UNESCO featuring Buddhist, Hindu and Jain monuments from 600-1000 CE period. The main attraction here is the Kailash temple carved out from a single mountain. Ajanta Caves: Located in the North of Aurangabad district in Sillod district at 99km from Aurangabad, this is also a World Heritage Site by UNESCO have 29 rock cut Buddhist cave monument date from 2nd Century to about 480 or 650 CE. The paintings of Ajanta is world famous

Daulatabad Fort: This fort is also known as Devagiri and was constructed in 14th Century and is about 16 km of North-West of Aurangabad City, this historical fort was built by first Yadava king Bhillama V, in 1327 famously remained the capital under Tughlaq dynasty and was constantly known to shift the capital from Delhi to Daulatabad and Daulatabad to Delhi, this is one of the unconquered fort in India and is famous for its unbreakable security and maze to distract enemies to enter the fort Khultabad: It is a taluka place situated in North-West of Aurangabad city at distance of 35km initially it was known as “Rauzaa� as meaning garden of paradise, it is known as Valley of Saints or Adobe of Eternity because in the 14th Century, several Sufi saints chose to reside here. The tomb of Mughal emperor Aurangazeb is situated here also there is tomb of Malik Amber the founder of Aurangabad. Also, the famous temple of Bhadra Maruti is located nearby.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


Bibi ka Maqbara: It is in Aurangabad in North-West side. It is commissioned by Aurangzeb sixth Mughal emperor in the memory of his first wife Dilras Banu Begum, it is similar to that of Taj Mahal in Agra the mausoleum of Aurangzeb’s Mother Mumtaz Mahal. it id also name as Dakkhani Taj Panchakki: It is in Aurangabad core area, used to grind grain for the pilgrim. This monument displays the scientific thought process put in the medieval Indian Architecture. It is designed to generate energy via water brought down from a spring on a mountain. The building attach to the dargah of Baba Shah Musafir a Sufi saint is located a garden near the Mahmud Darvaza and consist of a mosque a madrissa, a kacheri, a minister’s house a sarau and houses for zanana

Gates of Aurangabad: One of the things that made Aurangabad stand out from several other medieval cities in India was its 52 “Gates”, each of which had a local history or had individual linked with it, due to which Aurangabad is known as “City of Gates” Out of these 52 gates only four and nine gates have survived

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The name of these gates is Badkal Gate, Delhi Gate, Paithan Gate, Mecca or Makai Gate, Khas or Jalna Gate, Kaala Darwaza, Roshan Gate.

Beside all this there are lots of ruined structures in the city and remaining of the Aurangabad palace, chatris, mosque, etc. Architecture in Aurangabad is basically having more inspired from Mughal Architecture. E. CLIMATOLOGY Annual mean temperature in Aurangabad range from 17 degrees C to 33 degrees C with the most comfortale time to visit in the winter - October to February. The highest maximum ever was recorded was 46-degree C and the climate is Hot and Dry with Semi-arid climate. 1. TemperatureThe

maximum

temperature

of

Aurangabad ranges from 32o C to 41o C with peak temperature of 41o C, while the Minimum temperature ranges from 18 o C to 29 o C with peak temperature 29 o C The average temperature ranges from 28 o C to 36 o C with peak temperature 28 o C+

Figure 2: Temperature Chart (Source- Meteorological Department)

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2. Precipitation-

Figure 3: Annual Precipitation Chart (Source- Meteorological department)

the precipitation is observed month of June, July, August, September and October with maximum precipitation of 31cms in month of September. 3. Relative Humidity and Cloud Covers

Figure 4: Annual Humidity and Cloud cover chart (Source- Meteorological Department)

the humidity is maximum 79% in month of September and Maximum cloud cover is 65% in month of July.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


4. Annual Wind speed-

Figure 5: Annual wind speed chart (source- Metrological department)

The maximum wind speed is measured in months of May, June and July with speed 15.9mph, 16.3mph and 16.6mph respectively and ranges between 7.4mph and 16.6mph. while the average wind speed is at its maxima in month of June and July with speed of 12.8mph and ranges between 5.1mph and 12.8mph

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


3.2 JUSTIFICATION ABOUT SITE DESIGN BRIEF: School of Planning and Architecture (SPA) is one of the National Prime Architectural Institute in India it was first building was constructed and established in Delhi in 1941 as SPA-D and its new two college was constructed and established in Bhopal as SPA-B and in Vijaywada as SPA-V both in 2008. Its fourth branch is proposed in Aurangabad, Maharashtra as SPA-A (School of Planning and Architecture – Aurangabad) In 2015 it was declared by Indian Central Government and Government of Maharashtra to propose next SPA in Aurangabad and selected its site in Marathwada University of Aurangabad. it after Delhi, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra got a privilege to host the prime architecture institute in India. The Architectural education in Maharashtra is quite developed and it is more active in the west Maharashtra region in city of Pune, Mumbai, etc. Despite this there is need of a certain prime institute to develop the architecture education in the state of Maharashtra. School of Planning and Architecture will become the center of advance architectural education for whole Maharashtra state. The building will itself follow the architectural principles and traditional concepts to keep intact the architectural belief and will enhance the beauty and Architectural heritage of the city 

To understand the use of visual axis, its relation with physical access, geometry, scale and proportion with inspiration of Mughal architecture to work on design of School of Planning and Architecture.

School of Planning and Architecture is nationally acclaimed as one of the best education and research centre for Architectural and planning field under the Central Government of Maharashtra.

School of Planning and Architecture offers professional educational program at Bachelors and Masters level with two faculty stream and 10 departments.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


The proposal of (SPA-A) School of Planning and Architecture will be set up in Aurangabad, in Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University over an area about 13 Acre. The campus will provide education 750-800 undergraduate and post-graduate students with 100 teaching and assistant teaching staff with total population of 900 people

School of Planning and Architecture will provide the below mention department in undergraduate and post-graduate program of architectural education 1. Bachelor’s Degree in Architecture – Intake 40 (5 years) 2. Bachelor’s Degree in Planning – Intake 40 (4 years) 3. Master’s Degree in Architecture – Intake 20 (2 years) 

Masters in Architectural Conservation

Masters in Urban Design

Masters in Landscape and Environmental Planning

Masters in Housing

Masters in Industrial Design

Masters in Digital Architecture

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Proposal of School of Planning and Architecture in Aurangabad, Confirmation by Government:

Figure 6: News about proposal (Source - Lokmat website)

Figure 7: News about proposal (Source- Sakaal Newspaper)

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


As it was announced by PM of Maharashtra in 2014 that new SPA will be constructed in Aurangabad city and it has got the final confirmation by Government in December 2017 and the work will start soon Beside this confirmation there are also other justifications which will give strong reason to start the fourth SPA in Aurangabad City 1. As seen in Maharashtra the prime National University/Institute are VNIT in Nagpur region IITs in Mumbai region, COEP and other institutes in Pune region while Central Maharashtra region does not have any renowned National university , Aurangabad is the center of Marathwada region and Maharashtra also, There are only 3 Architecture college for whole Marathwada region which are insufficient to serve education for whole region resulting the students have to go to other cities or sometimes out of state for quality education in Architecture.

2. As there is no any prime National Institute in Marathwada University there is no development of the other institutes under University which lowers down its value. And SPA is a prime National institute in India, if it is proposed in Aurangabad then not only Architecture colleges, but also other institute under the University will develop simultaneously.

3. Also, Aurangabad is situated at the center of Maharashtra state and is at equal distance from major cities of Maharashtra and Aurangabad is recognized under smart city development proposal of Central Government.

4. Aurangabad has rich historical background and heritage structures but lack in modern marvels and modern Architecture and the imageability of city not only depend on its historic architecture but also depend on its modern architectural development.

5. SPA will not only satisfy the educational purpose of the Maharashtra state but also will enhance the imageability of the city and give a new modern landmark to the city and state. SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


3.3 SITE ANALYSIS 3.3.1 SITE LOCATION AND SURROUNDING Location: The site is in the North-West part of Aurangabad city in Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar University. The site is isolated from the City and is in area sound for education purpose. the University is surrounded with hills from West to North with slope toward South-East direction. Accessibility: 

Bus Stand - Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar University is at the distance of 2.3km with travel distance of 10mins from Central Bus Stand of Aurangabad

Railway Station -

University is at 5.7km with travel distance of 15min from

Aurangabad Railway Station 

Airport – University is at 12km with travel distance of 30 min from Aurangabad domestic Airport

Surrounding:

Figure 8: Site Surrounding (Source- Google Maps and Author)

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


The site is located on the west side in university campus on footsteps of Gagobaba Tekdi. Other institutional building nearby is National Institute of Electronics on South side and on opposite side of Site. while Department of Management Science, Department of Physics on east side Department of Chemical technology and Workshop on the North side. The site is located to two major Historical monument that are Bibi ka Maqbara and Soneri Mahal which follow Architectural feature of Mughal Architecture. A large open space is surrounding Bibi ka Maqbara and the University is separated with this historical site with belt of residential area from North to South site Also, there are other vacant lands reserved for proposal for other universities.

STRENGTH

Located in isolated area, where there is no noise disturbance which create sound area for study purpose Located in university campus. Thus, the surrounding area is of same use increasing feasibility of site.

WEEKNESS

3.3.2 S.W.O.T. ANALYSIS

The site is located at the footstep of hill. Thus the surface drainage of hill will pass through site Road passing through site will create through traffic in site.

S.W.O.T. 

Opportunity to create multi use, multi-level and multifunctional spaces as the site is on the sloppy land

THREAT

OPPORTUNITY

ANALYSIS 

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD

Threat of clumping of water during rainy season on site. Chances of accident due to through traffic in site.


Site Photographs:

1.View of Gogababa tekdi from site

2.Pit in Site

6

3.Back side of neighbor institu

1 2

5

3

4

4.National Institute of electronic

5.Water pit in Site

6.Kaccha Road through Site

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


3.3.3. SITE BOUNDARIES AND SITE AREA

Figure 9: Proposed site layout (source- Author)

The site is located on the footsteps of Gogababa tekdi the site Area is 71,777 sq. m. (17.7 Acre). The site is divided into two parts by a kacha road passing through and has a dead end to Temple in North-West direction.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


3.3.4. SITE SECTIONS

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


3.3.5. RIGHTS OF WAY AND SETBACKS

Figure 10: Setback and Street right of way (Source- Author)

The Kaccha Road passing through the site is the proposed University Internal road for access to proposed institutes in future which will be 9m wide. Thus, the setback on the road side is 6m and on other sides it is 4.5m.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


3.3.6. BUILDABLE AREA, FSI, HEIGHT RESTRICTION AND GROUND COVER

Figure 11: Buildable Area (Source- Author)

By deducting the Area of Setback, the Buildable area of site A is 42,930 sq. m. (10.6 Acre) and Site B is 17.236 sq. m. (4.2 Acre). Thus, the total buildable area is 60,116 sq. m. (14.8 Acre) The permissible FSI is 1 and Ground Cover is 50% Max with 21m Height restriction

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


3.3.7. COUNTOUR AND SLOPE

Figure 12: Contour and Slope (Source- Author)

As the site is located at the foot step of Hill the site has Contour. The lowest contour is at height 578m from mean sea level and the highest contour is at height 593m from mean sea level.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


3.3.8 NATURAL ON-SITE FEATURE

Figure 13: Natural onsite feature (Source- Author)

The site has a heavy slope on its North-West side and Medium slope on its East and South side and it has a natural wash valley which is active during rainy season and drains the rainwater from the hill to the lower part and there is small rainwater pond active in Rainy season.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD

Figure 14: Man-made on site Feature (Source- Author)


3.3.9 MANMADE ON-SITE FEATURE

The site has High tension line passing at 15m from North-West face of site and distribution line pass through site along with kacha road at distance of 10m.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


3.3.10. SOIL CONDITION AND VEGETATION

Figure 15: Soil Condition and Vegetation (Source- Author)

Compact coarse sand to 10’-12’ and Rocky land below coarse sand is at the middle of the site and compact coarse sand to 3’-4’ rocky land below coarse sand is in east side of site and at the border of North-West side Three existing neem trees are on site in North corner SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


3.3.11. VEHICULAR AND PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATION

Figure 16: Vehicular and Pedestrian Circulation on site (Source- Author)

The medium traffic is toward the National Institute of Electronic which has a Pakka road and there is occasional traffic to temple on the North-West side of the site thus the road is not constructed. There are pedestrian shortcuts through site as it is vacant land to access various part of University.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


3.3.12. SENSORY IN SITE 1. Viewpoints

Figure 17: View Points on Site (Source- Author)

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


2. Pollutants and Noise

Figure 18: Sensory on Site (Source- Author)

A periodic Noise of machineries from north side and Air blows the Dust from adjoining open vacant land on the west side.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


3.3.13. WIND FLOW IN SITE The table below shows the wind flow direction and speed in Aurangabad at periodic time of a year

Figure 19: Wind flow direction and speed (Source- DC report Aurangabad)

Figure 20: Wind Direction on site (Source- Author)

The above figure shows the wind flow in site throughout the year at periodic month, Here the Blue line indicates Morning winds and Red line indicate Evening winds.

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


3.3.14. SUNPATH AND SOLAR ALTITUDES As India located in northern hemisphere the sun-path in Aurangabad is east to West via. South

Figure 21: Sun-path and Altitude on site (Source- Author and SunCalc.com)

The above figure shows the solar Altitude angle for December and June SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD


BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. Dr. Ravindra Deshmukh, (June, 2016. The Tragedy of Architectural Education. A+D magazine) 2. Ar. Achyut Kalvinde, (Campus Planning, by Ar. Achyut Kalvinde, unknown publisher) 3. Students of Architectural Colleges in Maharashtra- Physical Survey on present scenario of Architecture colleges in Maharashtra. 4. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad- Site Data 5. Bousmaha Baiche and Nicolas Walliman (Ernst and Peter Neuferts Architect’s Data, Third Edition. Published by Blackwell science) - Architectural Data 6. Dr. Avinash Pant -Chairman of AICTE, (All India Council of Technical Education approval process Handbook 2015-16. Published by AICTE)- AICTE norms for Architectural colleges 7. Development control and Promotion regulations for “D” Class Municipal Corporation in Maharahstra- (Maharashtra Regional and Town Planning Act 1966. Published by Urban Development Department, Mantralaya, Mumbai, Dated 20th September 2016) – DCR Data 8. SMEF’S Brick Group of Institutes College of Architecture – Live Case Study 9. Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology (CEPT University) – Live Case Study 10. Archdaily.com

SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD

RESEARCH REPORT ON SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD  

THESIS DRAFT REPORT by Abhishek Rajendra Adne under guidance of Ar. Dhananjay Salkar from Vidya Pratishthan's School of Architecture, Baram...

RESEARCH REPORT ON SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE AT AURANGABAD  

THESIS DRAFT REPORT by Abhishek Rajendra Adne under guidance of Ar. Dhananjay Salkar from Vidya Pratishthan's School of Architecture, Baram...

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