WHAT IS MENTAL HEALTH ? MENTAL HEALTH • A person’s condition with regard to their psychological and emotional well-being
PROBLEMS (2 TYPES)
• Pyramid of Mental Health ` NEUROTIC MENTAL HEALTH
‘Neurotic’ can be regarded as severe forms of normal emotional experiences such as depression, anxiety or panic.
‘Psychotic’ interferes with a perception of reality, and include hallucinations such as seeing, hearing, smelling or feeling things that no one else can.
FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS
NEED FOR PSYCHOLOGY RECUPERATION Normal People
“India needs to talk about mental health ” – (NMHS)
Out of 60
10 Affected 86% 1 Gets treatment
POPULATION SUFFERING FROM MENTAL DISORDER
• Ignorance, stigma, lack of doctors have long marred mental healthcare in India. • Stressful lifestyles and ever increasing cases of depression, this much neglected segment needs to gain importance in the country’s medical scenario • Nearly 80 per cent of people suffering, had not received any treatment despite being afflicted by the illness for over 12 months. • They not only have a low priority in the public health agenda but the health information system itself does not prioritize mental health. • Not only is there a paucity of mental health specialists, the institutional care in India, too, has been found to be limited. • Poor infrastructure under the national mental health programme has been found to be the main culprit for this scenario.
Other Out of ALL
Only 30% in good condition 65% Only 5% are for neurotic
REHAB CENTRES IN INDIA
AIM The aim is to provide a safe, healthy and a comfortable environment for people suffering from neurotic disorders by providing essential training and recreational activities till they recover and hence creating awareness.
HISTORY OF HEALING MENTAL MALADIES • The history focuses on the handling of mental illness over the course of ages • it aims to establish the scientific, social and medical point of view in this complex matter. • it begins with the enlightenment in the 18th century, when efforts for systematically care for the mental ills began, Since the end of 19th century psychiatry has become an academic science
• Mental illness was seen as a test of faith and religious activity became a frequently used cure, ‘Monasteries’ start to play an important role as the solution for any kind of mental illness. • Everybody that was abnormal was contained, marginalized and excluded. • Certain number of mentally unstable, the dangerous ones are locked up in prisons • Prisons and other places of isolated confinements were the most common solutions that medieval society preferred
To achieve the Aim, four main Objectives
Healthy Living Space (Temporary)
From The Renaissance To The Industrial Revolution
• There are not much facilities in India which cater for the purpose of healthy living, recreation, and recuperation of people suffering from such maladies. • Creating a project of this kind will bring the conditions of the current facilities into limelight which will in turn, make people aware and reduce the stigmatization against the same.
• Hospital was a place where different activities were combined: Religious rites, assistance, care, trade & artistic work. • The architects put in place a variety of different elements to visualize and reinforce the public character of those buildings. • this kind of treatment and social acceptance was limited to a very few number of people.
• emergence of the asylum, a place dedicated to treat the mentally ill, • therapeutic value was assigned to ‘Architecture’ • The buildings for the mentally ill have thus evolved from simple prisons, with the only goal to shut away the dangerous to asylums, dedicated exclusively to the mentally unstable and capable of providing some kind th End Of 18 Century of therapy. ‘The Moral Treatment
19th Century ‘Construction Of The Asylum
• Jean-Étienne Dominique Esquirol, a French psychiatrist, transformed the asylums into a therapeutic community where doctors and patients live together. • plan consists of two symmetrical parts: right for the men left for the women, separated by an Administration building. • Living quarters are U-shaped, organised around a courtyard and limited to a single story. • Each division had its own confined garden for patients BASIC SETUP OF A MENTAL ASYLUM
PRESENT SCENARIO IN INDIA A countrywide National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences study has revealed a shocking prevalence of mental illness in India and was one of the first countries to develop a national mental health programme in the early 1980s. • mental morbidity was found to be very high in the Indian urban centres with higher prevalence of schizophrenia, mood disorders and neurotic- or stress-related disorders. Due to the stigma attached with mental disorders, nearly 80 per cent of people suffering, had not received any treatment despite being afflicted by the illness for over 12 months. •
OVER VIEW PSYCHOLOGY RECUPERATION FACILITY IN GOA. - A BRIDGE TO CONNECT WITH A HEALTHY LIFESTYLE 1
BY – ABHIMANYU HARSHWARDHAN BHARDWAJ DY PATIL SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE 13006