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dfr{ @)!$, jif{ @, c+s ^

March 2014, Year 2, Issue 06

dfr{ @)!$






dfr{ @)!$


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March 2014 (year 2, Issue 06)

o'qm]g aNsgfOh]zgsf] dfu{df

–%

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– !)

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– !@

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– !# – !$ – !(

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dfr{ @)!$


cGtƒf{li6«o

af;'b]j ld>

pgnfO{ kR5\ofpFb} csL{ kf]lnz cfk|jf;L tyf lSn06g k|zf;gdf kƒƒfi6«dGqL ƒxL ;s]sL d]8]lng cna|fO6n] æ?;L e"efu Pp6} ;ƒsfƒn] zf;g ug{ cToGt 7"nf] cfsfƒsf] ePsf]Æ eg]ƒ ?;nfO{ 6'qmf 6'qmf kfg]{ dg;fo k|s6 uƒ]sL lyOg\„ pgLx?sf] of]hgfnfO{ sfo{?k lbg x+u]lƒog d'nsf cd]lƒsL lkmnfGy|f]lki6 hh{ ;f]ƒf]; k"j{ ;f]leot u0ftGqx?df ƒ+uLljƒËL cfGbf]ngx?nfO{ cfˆgf] cf]kg ;f];fO6L gfds ;+‚yf dfkm{t cfly{s tyf g}lts nufgL ub}{ cfOƒx]sf 5g\„

o'qm]g aNsgfOh]zgsf] dfu{df ^ nfv # xhfƒ ^@* ju{ lsnf]ld6ƒ cf]u6]sf] o'ƒf]ksf] k"j{ efudf cjl‚yt o'qm]g k'ƒ} o'ƒf]k]nL e"efudf ƒx]sf dWo] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] b]z xf]„ hg;+Vofsf] lx;fjn] o'ƒf]k]nL c+ztkm{ a;f]af; ug]{ ?;Lx?nfO{ cnu ubf{ o'qm]g o'ƒf]kdf 5}6f}F 7"nf] b]z x'g cfpF5„ pNn]Vo dfqfdf cyf{t nueu % efusf] ! efu ?;L dft[efifL ;lxtsfnfO{ klg ;d]6]sf] of] b]zdf slƒa $ sƒf]8 *% nfv jfl;Gbfx?n] a;f]af; ub{5g\„ ?;L dxf;+3, a]nf?;, kf]Nof08, ‚nf]eflsof, x+u]ƒL, df]N8f]ef ƒ ?dflgof;Fu hldgL l;dfgfsf] ;fem]bfƒL ug]{ o; b]zsf] blIf0ftkm{ eg] s[i0f ;fuƒ ƒ Phf]e ;fuƒ kb{5g\„ pAhfpzLn hldgsf] sfƒ0fn] ubf{ o; b]zn] æljZjsf] a|]8af‚s]6Æ pkgfd ;d]t kfPsf] 5„ To;}uƒL cf}Bf]lus lgdf{0fsf] dfldnfdf ljz]if uƒL xjfO{hxfh agfpg] snfdf ;d]t of] b]z cu|l0f ‚yfgdf cfpF5„ pQƒ klZrdL ?;sf] lkmgNof08sf] l;dfgfdf ƒx]sf] n]lggu|fb cf]Anfi6sf] ef]Nvf]E‚sL lhNnfaf6 cfPsf ƒ; hfltsf dflg;x? lj‚tfƒ} blIf0ftkm{ ;b}{ hfFbf ;g\ **) ltƒ clxn]sf] lsoedf k'u]sf lyP„ lsoe (Kiev) nfO{ s]Gb|ljGb' agfPƒ ƒ; lsoe (Rus Kiev) gfdsf] Ps zlQmzfnL ƒfHosf] ‚yfkgf pgLx?n] uƒ], h;cGtu{t cfw'lgs o'qm]gsf] klZrdL efu, ;Dk"0f{ a]nf?; ƒ cfw'lgs ?;sf] 7"nf] e"efu kb{Yof]„ bzf}F ztfAbL;Dd of] ƒfHo ƒfd|f];Fu rNb} lyof]„ tƒ P3fƒf}F ƒ afx|f}F ztfAbLdf 6ls{z d'nsf lkmƒGt] cfqmd0fsfƒLx?sf] eosf] sfƒ0fn] w]ƒ} ‚nfles afl;Gbfx? ;'ƒlIft jf;‚yfgsf] vf]hLdf 3gf h+unL If]qtkm{ nfvfkfvf nfUb} uP„ t]x|f}F ztfAbLsf] rf}yf] bzssf] ;'?df d+uf]nx?sf] leif0f cfqmd0faf6 lsoe Wj‚t eof]„ ToxfFsf jfl;Gbfx? sf]xL klZrtkm{ nfu] eg] sf]xL pQƒtkm{„ pQƒtkm{ nfu]sf lsoefg ƒ;x? k'g PsLs[t x'g ;kmn eP ƒ ?;L e"lddf km}nFb} uP eg] klZrdtkm{ nfu]sfx? kf]Nof08sf] bdgsfƒL gLltsf] lzsfƒ eP„ o;ƒL o'qm]lgogx? ƒ ?;Lx? Pp6} emf]n'Ëf]df ;'t]sf

h'DNofxf aRrf h‚t} ePsf] Oltxf;n] b]vfpF5„ d+uf]nx?sf] cfqmd0faf6 Wj‚t ePsf] lsefg ƒ; To;kl5 nuftfƒ ljb]zLx?sf] lgoGq0fdf kb}{ uof]„ slxn] lny'Plgofsf], slxn] kf]Nof08 ƒ slxn] lny'Plgof–kf]Nof08 sdgj]Nysf] clwkTodf ƒx]tf klg blIf0fL o'qm]g, lqmldof tyf k"jL{ o'qm]gdf eg] 6ls{z d"nsf tftfƒx?sf] zlQmzfnL lqmldog vfg]t sfod ƒx]sf] lyof]„ ;qf}F ztfAbLsf] dWoltƒ kf]Nof08sf] s8f bf;tfaf6 pDs]ƒ cfPsf 8\lgkƒ sf];fsx? (Dnieper Cossacks) ƒ ?y]lgog ls;fgx?n] dWo tyf klZrdL o'qm]gdf Zaporozhian Host gfds Quasi-State sf] ‚yfkgf ub}{ clws ‚jfoQtf, kf]ln; ;+;b ;]Hddf k|ltlglwTj ƒ cyf]{8S; kƒDkƒfnfO{ dfGotf lbOg' kg]{ dfu ƒfv]„ ;'?df kf]ln; clehft ju{n] To; QuasiState nfO{ bjfpg] k|of; uƒ] tfklg kl5 tftfƒ ƒ ts{x?sf] lj?4 sf];fsx? ;xof]uL x'g] 7fg]ƒ pgLx?;Fu PnfoG; agfP„ kf]ln;x?n] sf];fsx?;Fu PnfoG; agfP tfklg pgLx?sf] dfu eg] ‚jLsfƒ]sf lyPgg\„ To;}n] ;g\ !^$* df sf];fsx?n] Hetman -o'qm]gLog

efiffdf tƒ ?;L efiffdf

Ataman_ Bohdan Khemelnytsky / Petro Doroshenko sf]

g]t[Tjdf kf]Nof08sf] lj?4 ljb|f]x uƒ] ƒ klZrd tyf dWo o'qm]gdf ‚jtGq ƒfHo ‚yfkgf uƒ]„ tƒ of] # jif{ dfq} l6Sof]„ lsgeg] sf];fsx?sf ;xof]uL tftfƒx?n] ;xof]u ug{ aGb ulƒlbPsf]n] sf];fsx?n] ;xof]usf] nflu ?;L hfƒ;Fu ofrgf uƒ] ƒ hfƒsf] clwgTj ‚jLsfƒ]„ ;g\ !^*^ df kf]Nof08 ƒ ?; aLr ;Demf}tf eO{ 8\lgkƒ gbLeGbf k"j{ ?;nfO{ ƒ klZrdtkm{ kf]Nof08sf] lx‚;fdf kg]{ uƒL o'qm]gsf] cl‚tTj ;dfKt eof]„ o'qm]gsf] cl‚tTj ;dfKt ePsf] ePtfklg ;d'bfosf] ?kdf sf];fsx? cToGt ;+ul7t ƒ n8fs' lyP„ pgLx?df Hetmanate k|yf ;ƒbfƒjfbL_ sfod lyof]„ tƒ ;g\ !&)) b]lv !&@! ;Dd ePsf] u|]6 gy{g jfƒ (Great Northern War) df tTsfnLg sf];fs x]6Dofg dh]kf (Mazepa)n] ?;sf] lj?4 kf]Nof08 ƒ ‚j]8]gsf] PnfoG;nfO{ ;xof]u uƒ]kl5 o'4df ?; ljho ePsf] x'Fbf Hetmanate System g} ?;L hfƒ lk6ƒn] x6fO lbP„ ?;sf] ƒfhg}lts tyf dfr{ @)!$




cGtƒf{li6«o cfly{s k|e'Tj o'qm]gdf k"0f{ ?kdf sfod x'g k'Uof]„ ;g\ !&^* df csf]{ c;kmn ljb|f]x eof]„ ;g\ !&*# df ?;L hflƒgf Sofy]lƒg låltosf] kfnfdf lqmldog vfg]t klg ?;df ljno eof] ƒ ælnl6n ƒl;ofÆ sxnfOg ;'? eof]„ o'qm]gsf] of] l‚ylt k|yd ljZjo'4;Dd nuftfƒ sfod ƒxFb} cfof]„ k|yd ljZjo'4s} bf}ƒfgdf ;g\ !(!& df ?;df af]N;]les qmflGt ;DkGg ePkl5 o'qm]gdf klg cfTdlg0f{osf] clwsfƒsf] ƒfli6«o cfGbf]ng km]lƒ p7\of]„ ljZjo'4df hd{gL ƒ ci6«f] x+u]lƒog ;fd|fHosf] xfƒ tyf ?;df af]N;]lesx?sf] cEo'bo kl5 o'qm]gdf klg sDo'lgi6 tyf ;dfhjfbLx?sf] hjƒh‚t k|efjn] ubf{ o'qm]gdf w]ƒ} 5'§f5'§} ƒfHox? 5f]6f] ;dosf nflu ;txdf b]vf kƒ]„ tL dWo] klxn]sf] ?;L ;fd|fHon] rr]{sf] o'qm]gL e"lddf hg u0ftGq o'qm]g, b x]6Dofg]6, b xfOƒ]S6f]ƒ]6 ƒ ;f]leot o'qm]g lyP eg] ci6«f] x+u]lƒog ;fd|fHon] x8k]sf] o'qm]gL df6f]df rflxF klZrdL o'qm]gL hgu0ftGq ƒ x't;'n u0ftGq (Hutsul Republic) tyf blIf0fL o'qm]gdf g]‚6f]ƒ dfvf]gf] (Nestor Makhono)sf] ANofs cfdL{n] cƒfhstfjfbL cfGbf]ng rnfPsf] cj‚yf lyof]„ af]N;]lesx?n] ?;sf] ;Qf cfˆgf] xftdf lnPkl5 cd]lƒsf, a]nfot, k|mfG;, kf]Nof08 nufotsf !$ j6f b]zx?n] gjf]lbt ;f]leot ;Qfdfly Ps}k6s xdnf uƒ]„ To;dfly ?;leq} ;f]leot ;Qfsf ljƒf]wLx?n] ;z‚q ljb|f]x uƒ]sf lyP„ ?;L u[xo'4sf] ;do -;g\ !(!&–!(@@_ df o'qm]lgog lyo6ƒdf ;f]leot ;Qf lj?4 n8\g]x? dWo] l;df]g k]tNo"ƒf, P06f]g 8]lglsg ƒ Kof]q e|fË]nsf ‚j]t ;]gf d'Vo lyP eg] g]‚6f]ƒ dfvf]gf]sf] ANofs cfdL{n] ;f]leotx?nfO{ ;3fPsf] lyof]„ cGtdf ;g\ !(@@ df ;f]leotx?sf] clGtd ljhokl5 o'qm]g klg Ps ;+‚yfks ;b‚osf] ?kdf ;f]leot ;dfhjfbL u0ftGqx?sf] ;+3 (USSR) leq} ;d]l6of]„ l8;]Daƒ !((! ;Dd o'qm]g ;f]leot ;+3 leq} ƒXof]„ ;f]leot ;+3sf] ljv08g ;Fu} o'qm]gn] klg cGo ;f]leot u0ftGq em}F cfkm\g} 9+un] PSn} ofqf ug]{ lg0f{o u¥of]„ ;f]leot Joj‚yfsf cfnf]rsx? ;f]leot ;+3n] p;leq ;d]l6Psf ;a} u0ftGqx?nfO{ pklgj]z agfPsf] eg]ƒ cToGt lgƒfwfƒ cfƒf]k nufpg] ub{5g\„ of] cfƒf]k lsg klg lgƒfwfƒ 5 eg] ;f]leot ;+3sf] ljv08g eO{ ;a}n] cf–cfˆgf] 5'§} af6f] ƒf]Hbf To;sf] k|ltsfƒdf st} klg ƒQmkft ePsf] lyPg, Pp6f uf]nL klg rn]sf] lyPg„ olb s'g} ;fd|fHon] oL k"j{ ;f]leot u0ftGqx?nfO{ cfˆgf] clwg‚y anft ƒfv]sf] eP ltgLx?n] æ‚jtGqtfsf] 3f]if0ffÆ ubf{ ;zQm k|ltsfƒ cjZo} x'g] lyof]„ bf];|f] hlh{ofsf jfl;Gbf ‚6flng ƒ o'qm]gsf jfl;Gbf lnof]lgb j|]emg]e, o"ƒL cfGb|f]kf]e ƒ ‚jo+ ldvfOn uf]ef{rf]e æ;fd|fHoÆ s} ;a}eGbf pRr tyf zlQmzfnL kbdf s'g} klg xfntdf k'Ug] lyPgg\„ ;+;fƒsf] s'g} klg ;fd|fHosf] pklgj]zdf hGd]sf] jfl;Gbf



dfr{ @)!$

;jf]{Rr kbdf k'u]sf] pbfxƒ0f 5}g„ t;y{ af]N;]lesx?n] o'qm]gnfO{ pklgj]z agfPsf] geO{ p;nfO{ ljb]zL cfqmd0fsfƒL ƒ cfGtlƒs cl‚yƒtfaf6 d'lQm lbPsf] eGg sGh'‚ofOF ug'{ kb}{g„ t];|f] s'g} klg u0ftGqsf efiff, ;+‚s[lt, ƒxg;xgnfO{ cfkm\gf] ;fFrf]df 9fNg] sfd st}af6 ePsf] lyPg„ a? k'ƒfgf, ?9LjfbL, cg'Tkfbs ƒ dfgj hLjg cg'kof]uL Jojxfƒdf ;'wfƒ NofO{ ;dfhdf Ps?ktf Nofpg] k|of; eg] cjZo} ePsf] lyof]„ rf}yf] pklgj]zaf6 wg ;DklQ s'g} klg tlƒsfn] x8k]ƒ NofO{ d"n ;fd|fHodf y'kfg]{ sfd ePsf] b]lvb}g„ a? ;a} u0ftGqx?df ToxLFsf] klƒj]zdf cfwflƒt eO{ ljsf; lgdf{0fsf sfdx? ;DkGg ulƒPsf] lyof]„ gqeg] o'qm]gsf] cy{tGq ;f]leot ;doeGbf cl3 s[lifdf cfwflƒt ƒ hldGbfƒL k|yfsf] lgƒGtƒtf lyof] eg] ;f]leot ;+3df ;fd]n ePkl5 o'qm]gdf gf6sLo 9+un] cf}Bf]lusLsƒ0f ePsf] lyof]„ kfFrfF} tyf clt dxTjk"0f{ tYo o'qm]g ;+o'Qm ƒfi6« ;+3sf] ;+‚yfks tyf k""0f{ ;b‚o ƒfi6« lyof]„ To;}n] @))% df o'qm]g ƒ @))^ df ?;df VCIOM d‚sf]l‚yt Socio-Political Research Centre) åfƒf ;+slnt Pp6f n3' dt ;j]{If0fdf qmdz %$Ü ƒ ^^Ü hgtfx? ;f]leot ;+3 ljv08g ePsf]df kZrftfk dflgƒx]sf] kfOPsf lyP„ o;ƒL o'qm]g cfˆgf] xhfƒf}F jif{sf] Oltxf;df ;f]leot sfnnfO{ x6fpFbf d'l‚snn] %) jif{ klg cfˆgf] ‚jtGqtfdf l6Sg ;s]g„ ;g\ !((! sf] l8;]Daƒdf ;f]leot ;+3af6 cnu ePƒ cfˆg} 9+un] ;kmƒ to uƒ]tf klg o'qm]gdf ƒfhg}lts l‚yƒtf cfpg ;s]g„ ;a}eGbf klxnf lqmldof ƒ ;]jf‚6f]kf]nsf] lgldQ ?;L dxf;+3;Fu o'qm]gsf] dgd'6fj eof]„ ;g\ !&*# b]lv g} ?;L ;fd|fHosf] c+z ag]sf] lqmldof k|folåk ƒ ToxfFsf] dxTjk"0f{ jGbƒufx ;]jf‚6f]kf]ndf ;'?b]lv g} ?;L hn ;}lgs cv8f sfod lyof]„ ;g\ !(%$ sf] km]j|cƒLdf tTsfnLg ;f]leot g]tf lglstf v|'Zr]esf] kfnfdf pQm jGbƒufx ;d]t ;Dk"0f{ lqmldog k|folåknfO{ k|zf;lgs sfdsfhdf ;ƒntf Nofpg ƒ ljsf;sf] ult ltj| kfg{ o'qm]g cGtƒut ƒflvPsf] lyof]„ ;]jf‚6f]kf]n jGbƒufx g} ?;Lx?sf] nflu s[i0ff ;fuƒaf6 e'dWo ;fuƒ x'Fb} aflxƒL ;+;fƒ;Fu ;Dks{ ‚yflkt ug]{ Psdfq dfWod ePsf]n] ljutdf cfˆg} e"efu ƒlx;s]sf] ƒ s[i0ff ;fuƒdf k|fs[lts UofF; ƒ k]6«f]nsf] k|r'ƒ ;+efjgf ƒx]sf]n] ?;Lx?n] To;dfly bfjf uƒ]„ tƒ o'qm]gsf] ;ƒsfƒ, h;df klZrdL o'qm]gLogx?sf] afx'Notf ƒx]sf] -hf] kƒDkƒfut ?kdf d‚sf] ljƒf]wL wfƒ0ffdf cEo‚t lyP_n] ?;Lx?sf] pQm bfjLnfO{ ‚jLsfƒ]gg\„ tƒ klg ;g\ !((& df cfPƒ ;f]leotsfnLg ANofs ;L lNkm6sf] efuj08f ug]{ ƒ ;g\ @)!& ;Dd ?;Lx?NfO{ ;]jf‚6f]kf]ndf ;}lgs cv8f ƒfVg cg'dlt lbg]uƒL ;Demf}tf eof]„ ;g\ !((& sf] ;Demf}tf ?;tkm{ cln a9L 9Ns]sf lnof]lgb s'Rdf (Leonid Kuchma)sf]

kfnfdf ePsf] lyof]„ l8;]Daƒ !((( df ;+;bn] Valerie Pustovoytenko nfO{ k|wfgdGqL 5fGgsf] nflu hDdf ! ef]6n] c‚jLsfƒ ulƒlbPsf] x'Fbf ƒfi6«klt s'Rdfn] o'ƒf]lkog o'lgog ;dy{s leS6ƒ o';r]Gsf] (Viktor Yushchenko) nfO{ ck|Tofl;t ?kdf k|wfgdGqL 5fg]„ tƒ o';r]Gsf] ;ƒsfƒsL pkk|wfgdGqL o'lnof ltdf];]Gsf] sf]Onf tyf k|fs[lts UofF; pBf]usf k|efjzfnL pBdLx?;Fu emu8fdf km;]sf]n] @))! df pQm ;ƒsfƒ 9Nof]„ To;kl5 ?; ;dly{t leS6ƒ ofg'sf]ler k|wfgdGqL ag]„ o';r]Gsf] ;Qfaf6 a]bvn x'g' kƒ]kl5 s'Rdf ljƒf]wL ePƒ lg‚s]„ @))$ sf] r'gfjdf ƒfi6«klt s'Rdfn] efu glng] ePkl5 pgsf] pQƒflwsfƒLsf] ?kdf ofg'sf]ler cuf8L ;flƒP eg] ljkIfLx?n] leS6ƒ o';r]Gsf]nfO{ cufl8 ;fƒ]„ tƒ r'gfjdf wfFwnL uƒ]sf] egL o';r]Gsf] g]t[Tjsf] u7jGwgn] ljƒf]w u¥of]„ ljkIfL u7jGwgnfO{ cfly{s tyf g}lts ;xof]u o"P; ‚6]6 l8kf6{d]G6, o"P;P8, Pglhcf] lk|m8d xfp;, OG6ƒg];gn lƒklAnsg OlG‚6Ro"6, g];gn 8]df]S|ofl6s OG‚6LRo"6 kmƒ OG6ƒg];gn ckm]o;{, g];gn P08fpd]06 kmƒ 8]df]S|of;L, hh{ ;f]ƒf]; cf]kg ;f];fO6L tyf ?;L ƒfi6«klt k'l6gsf s§ƒ ljƒf]wL a]nfotdf zƒ0f lnPƒ a;]sf ?;L wgf9\ o jf]lƒz j]ƒ]hf]E‚sLx?n] uƒ]sf lyP„ rfƒjif{cl3 ;la{ofsf ƒfi6«klt ‚nf]jf]bfg ldnf];f]les ƒ @))# df hlh{ofsf ƒfi6«klt P8'c8{ ;]eƒgfHb]nfO{ o‚t} k|lqmofaf6 ckb‚y ug{ ;kmn ePsf] of] klZrdL z}nL o'qm]gdf klg ckgfOof] ƒ cfGbf]ng dfkm{t g} r'gfjL klƒ0ffdnfO{ pN6fOof]„ h;nfO{ o'qm]g ƒ klZrdL hutdf æcƒ]Gh lƒef]n];gÆ eg]ƒ lrlgG5„ oBlk r'gfjdf wfFwnL eO{ ofg'sf]ler r'lgPsf ePtfklg cfGbf]ng kZrft ƒfi6«klt ag]sf o';r]Gsf]n] cfˆgf] ƒfi6«ktLo sfo{sfndf b]zsf] xfntdf s'g} ;'wfƒ Nofpg ;s]gg\ ƒ @)!) sf] r'gfjdf ^Ü eGbfklg sd dt NofO pg} ofg'sf]leraf6 zd{gfs xfƒ Joxf]ƒ]„ jf‚tjdf o';r]Gsf]sf] ktgsf] d"Vo sfƒ0fx? dWo] pgsf] ?;k|ltsf] nuftfƒsf] j}ƒefj, gf6f] ƒ klZrdL zlQmx?;Fusf] cltzo cfzlQm ƒ cƒ]Gh lƒe'n]zgsf ;xofqLx?;Fusf] lau|bf] ;DaGw g} x'g\„ ?;nfO{ pgn] slt;Dd b'ZdgLk"0f{ ghƒn] x]ƒ]sf ƒx]5g\ eg] @))* sf] ?;–hlh{of o'4df pgsf] ;ƒsfƒn] ?; lj?4 hlh{ofnfO{ uƒ]sf] ;xof]un] k|li6G5„ Toltdfq gePƒ blIf0fL ss];; k|b]zsf k[ystfjfbL ;d'xx?nfO{ uf]Ko ;xof]u uƒ]sf] ƒ bf];|f] ljZjo'4df gfhLx?sf tkm{af6 ;f]leot ;+3 lj?4 n8]sfx?nfO{ pgn] æjfƒ e]6]ƒfgÆ sf] bhf{ lbg k|of; uƒ]s]f pgLdfly cfƒf]k 5„ pgL kl5 ƒfi6«klt lgjf{lrt ePsf xfn} -@@ km]j|'cƒLdf_ ckb‚y leS6ƒ ofg'sf]lersf] ;dodf b]zn] vf;} cfly{s pknAwL guƒ]sf] ePtfklg ?;;Fu lau|]sf] ;DaGwnfO{ 6«ofsdf eg] NofPsf] lyof]„ @! ck|}n @)!) df k"jL{ o'qm]gsf] vfsf]{edf b'j} b]zsf ƒfi6«kltx? -ofg'sf]ler ƒ d]8e]b]j_n]


cGtƒf{li6«o x‚tfIfƒ uƒL b'j} b]zsf ;+;bn] kflƒt uƒ]sf] ;Demf}tfcg';fƒ lqmldofsf] ;]jf‚6f]kf]ndf ƒx]sf] ?;L hn;}lgs cv8fsf] Dofb @)!& af6 @% jif{ a9fPƒ @)$@ ;Dd k'¥ofpg], % jif{ c? yk ug{ ;lsg] ƒ To;sf] abnfdf ;f] cv8fsf] ef8f a[l4 ‚j?k ?;n] o'qm]gnfO{ cfk"lt{ ub}{ cfPsf] k|fs[lts UofF;sf] d"Nodf PsltxfO 5'6 lbg] ;xdlt ePsf] lyof]„ o;n] ubf{ ?;;Fusf] ;DaGwdf lgs} ;'wfƒ cfpg'sf] ;fy} o'qm]gsf] UofF; cfk"lt{ ;d‚of w]ƒ} xb;Dd ;dfwfg ePsf] lyof]„ pgn] gf6f] ;}lgs ;+u7gdf ;lDdlnt x'g] klxn]sf] ;ƒsfƒsf] gLltnfO{ TofUb} clxn]sf] cj‚yfdf s'g} klg ;}lgs ;+u7gdf cfj4 x'g' ƒfli6«o lxtdf gePsf]n] o'qm]g æo"ƒf]kleqsf] c;+nUg b]zÆ x'g' g} ƒfd|f] ƒx]sf] l6Kk0fL uƒ]sf lyP eg] cfly{s dfldnfdf klg Oo" ƒ ?;aLr ;db'ƒLsf] l;4fGt ckgfpg] gLlt cjnDag uƒ]sf lyP„ pgsf] oxL æc;+nUg gLltÆ ƒ ?;nfO{ glr9\ofpg] sfo{z}nL g} pgsf] nflu ƒ b]zs} lglDt b'ef{Uo x'g k'Uof]„ ut jif{sf] km]a|'cƒLdf Oo"n] klxn]b]lv k|lqmofdf ƒx]sf] Jofkfƒ ;Demf}tfsf] afƒ]df o'qm]gnfO{ @)!# s} gf]e]Daƒ dlxgf;Dddf Pp6f lgZsif{df k'Ug 8]8nfOg tf]lslbof]„ ;fydf e|i6frfƒsf] cleof]udf h]n kƒ]sL k"j{ k|wfgdGqL tyf ofg'sf]lersL s§ƒ ljƒf]wL o'lnof ltdf];]Gsf]sf] lƒxfO x'g'kg]{ ;t{ ;d]t t]‚of{O lbof]„ Oo" ƒfi6«x?sf] cf;o o'qm]gn] Oo" ƒ ?; dWo] PsnfO{ ƒf]Hg'kg]{ ƒ t6‚ytfsf] gLltnfO{ 5f]8\g'kg]{ eGg] vfnsf] lyof]„ gf]e]Daƒ dlxgf;Dd cfOk'Ubf o'qm]gn] Oo"sf s'g} klg ;t{x?nfO{ k"ƒf ug{ ;s]g„ gf]e]Daƒ @! df ?;;Fusf] ;DaGwdf gƒfd|f] Iflt k'Ug] x'gfn] ofg'sf]ler ;ƒsfƒn] Oo";Fusf] Jofkfƒ ;Demf}tf ug{ gfdfGh'ƒ ulƒlbof]„ ;fy} ToxfFsf] ;+;bn] klg o'lnof ltdf];]Gsf]nfO{ lƒxfO{ ug]{ k|‚tfj cl‚jsfƒ ulƒlbof]„ To;kl5 gf]e]Djƒ @$ tflƒvb]lv ToxfF nuftfƒ ;ƒsfƒ ljƒf]wL k|bz{g x'Fb} uP„ k|bz{gsf] bf}ƒfg k|bz{gsfƒLx?n] ;ƒsfƒL ejg sAhf ug]{b]lv lnPƒ, ;ƒsfƒL ;DklQ tf]8kmf]8 ug]{, ;'ƒIffsdL{x? dfly df]nf]6f]e ss6]n ;fgf xft] ldS;rƒ ad_ kmfNg], k'ln;x?nfO{ lhpFb} hnfpg], ;ƒsfƒL sd{rfƒLx?dfly xftkft ug]{ h‚tf klZrdL ƒfi6«x?sf] ghƒdf æzflGtk"0f{ tyf k|hftflGqsÆ ƒ dfgjclwsfƒsf] b[li6sf]0faf6 æcToGt ;EoÆ cEof;x? uƒ]sf] ƒ ;ƒsfƒn] rflxF s'g} k|ltsfƒ guƒL ;+o+dtf b]vfPƒ ætfgfzfxL cg'xfƒÆ b]vfPsf] 6]lnlehg Rofgnx?df b]lvGYof]„ olb o‚t} lqmofsnfk klZrdsf rx]tf s'g} tfgfzfxsf lj?4 x'GYof] eg] klZrdL ƒfi6«x?sf] ghƒdf Tof] 7f8} ædfgjtf ljƒf]wL, k|hftGq ljƒf]wL ƒ cft+ssfƒLÆ sxnfOg] lyof]„ k|bz{gsfƒLx?nfO{ xf}znf eg{ kf]ln; ;+;b ;b‚ox? k|bz{g‚yn o'ƒf]d}bfgdf asfobf 8]ƒf hdfPƒ} a;]sf lyP eg] cd]lƒsL l;g]6ƒ hf]g DofSs]g pgLx?nfO{ ;Daf]wg ug{ o'ƒf]d}bfgd} k'u]sf lyP„ k|bz{g k|fof]lht lyof]

eGg] tYosf] k|df0f cd]lƒsL pkljb]zdGqL leS6f]lƒof g'nf08n] g} lsel‚yt cd]lƒsL b"t Hof]k|mL Kof6;Fusf] 6]lnkmf]g jftf{dfkm{t h'6fO lbOg\„ h;df pgn] o'qm]gdf æk|hftGqsf] nfluÆ % cƒa 8nƒ cd]lƒsfn] vr{ ulƒ;s]s]f tƒ Oo"n] s]xL guƒ]sf] egL Oo"nfO{ clZnn efiffdf ;ƒfKb} cfpFbf] g]t[Tj cd]lƒsL rfxgfsf] x'g'kg]{ bfjL uƒ]sf] lel8of] o'6\o'adfkm{t ;fj{hlgs e};s]sf] 5„ olt x'Fbf klg ofg'sf]ler ;ƒsfƒ 9Ng] s'g} ;'ƒ;fƒ b]lvb}gYof]„ lsgeg] ofg'sf]ler ;ƒsfƒn] ?;;Fu jftf{ uƒL !% cƒa 8nƒsf] hf]xf] ulƒ;s]sf] lyof], hf] o'qm]gsf] lau|Fbf] cfly{s cj‚yfnfO{ ;'wfg{ dxTjk"0f{ x'g] lyof]„ oBlk !% cƒa 8nƒ kof{Kt eg] xf]Og„ tƒ Ps ƒfi6«n] csf]{nfO{ lbg] ;xof]u ƒf;Ldf !% cƒa 8nƒ rfgr'g] dflg+b}g„ To;dfly UofF;sf] d"Nodf cem} s6f}tL ug]{ jrg;d]t ?;af6 k|fKt ePsf] lyof]„ cem al9 o'qm]gn] ?;L sDklg uhk|f]dnfO{ nfdf] ;dob]lv ltg{ afFsL @ cƒa 8nƒ ;d]t tTsfn} ltlƒxfNg' gkg]{ ePsf] lyof]„ of] l8;]Daƒ !& sf] s'ƒf xf]„ o;n] ubf{ ;ƒsfƒ ljƒf]wL cfGbf]ng lzlyn x'Fb} hfgsf ;fy} ?;sf] k|efjdf a[l4 x'Fb} uPsf] b]lvPsf] lyof]„ ;'?df ;fdfGo ljBfyL{ cfGbf]ngaf6 ;'? ePsf] of] lqmofsnfknfO{ To;kl5 eg] Oo" ƒ cd]lƒsfn] ;Qf klƒjt{gs} cf}hfƒ agfpg] 6'Ëf]df k'u]„ o;sf] nflu æk|hftGqsf] k|jw{gÆ lzif{s cGtu{t cd]ƒLsfn] % cƒa 8nƒ vr{ uƒ]sf] s'ƒf t leS6f]ƒLofn] g} ‚jLsfƒ]sL 5g\, h'g ƒsd klZrdL o'qm]gsf 3f]ƒ blIf0fkGyL gjgfhLx? dfkm{t xTof, cft+s tyf n'6kf6 uƒfO{ b]znfO{ c‚tJo‚t kfg]{ ƒ ofg'sf]lers} bnsf cj;ƒjfbLx?nfO{ vlƒb ug]{ sfddf k|of]u eof]„ klZrdL o'qm]gaf6 cfPsf ƒfO6 ;]S6ƒ ƒ ‚ef]jf]bf kf6L{sf ;b‚ox? ;z‚q lyP ƒ pgLx?n] sDo'lgi6, ox'bL ƒ ƒl;ogx?nfO{ ;vfk kfg]{ v'Nnf cfXjfg uƒ]sf lyP„ ƒfO6 ;]S6ƒsf g]tf, hf] @$ dfr{sf] lbgdf k'ln;;Fusf] d'7e]8df dflƒPsf lyP, cn]Sh]08ƒ d'lhRsf] (Alexender Muzychko) t klxnf] r]r]g o'4df ?;lj?4 cft+sjfbLx?sf] tkm{af6 n8fO{ g} uƒ]sf dfG5] lyP eg] csf{ g]tf lbldqf] ofƒf];n] r]r]g cft+sjfbL tyf cn sfobf;Fu ;DalGwt 8f]s' pdfƒf]enfO{ ?; lj?4 n8\g v'Nnf clkn g} uƒ]sf lyP„ log} pu| blIf0fkGyL kmfl;i6x? dfkm{t lx+;f dRrfO To;sf] bf]if ofg'sf]ler ƒ ?;dfly yf]kg]{ klZrdf rfnjfhLsf] sfƒ0f cfGbf]ngsf] cGToltƒ cyjf km]a|'cƒL dlxgfsf] t];|f] xKtfdf bh{gf}F k'ln; ;lxt !)) sf] xfƒfxfƒLdf dflg;x? dflƒP„ o;}sfƒ0f ƒfi6«klt ofg'sf]ler ƒ cln gƒdkGyL cfGbf]ngsfƒLx? aLr k|m]Gr, hd{g ƒ kf]ln; kƒƒfi6« dGqLx?sf] ƒf]xjƒdf @! km]j|'cƒLdf Pp6f ;xdlt eof]„ h; cGtu{t ƒfi6«kltsf] l56f] r'gfj uƒfpg], ldlnh'nL ƒfli6«o ;ƒsfƒ agfpg] ƒ @))$ s} ;+j}wflgs Joj‚yf cg';fƒ ƒfi6«kltsf] clwsfƒdf

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DK Accountancy

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10

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12

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zf;g rnfPsf] b]zx?df klg clxn] ;'lgFb}g„ rLgsf sDo'lgi6 kf6L{sf ƒfhg]tfx? clxn] nufgL ƒ pTkfbgsf dfq s'ƒf u5{g\„ klZrdf b]zsf g]tfx?n] k"FhLnfO{ clwstd pkkof]u uƒL hgtfnfO{ s;ƒL ;'ljwf lbg ;lsG5 egL sƒ ƒ ƒf]hufƒ nufotsf cfly{s d'2fdf ax; u5{g\„ tƒ xfdL nfdf] ;dob]lv g} ƒfhg}lts h8z'qjfbdf clNemƒx]sf 5f}F„ ;w}Fsf] of] åGå ƒ jfbsf] n8fO{nfO{ k"0f{ljƒfd nufpgs} nflu nf]stGq, dfgclwsfƒ ƒ ljlwsf] zf;gnfO{ cfTd;ft ug]{ ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug'{ clxn]sf] cfjZostf xf]„ 8f= e§ƒfO{n] cufl8 ;fƒ]sf] gofF zlQmsf] vfFrf]sf] ax;nfO{ s;}n] efƒtsf] cfd cfbdL kf6L{sf] pbo;Fu klg bfh]sf] b]lvG5„ tƒ efƒt ƒ g]kfnsf] clxn]sf] klƒl‚ylt ljNs'n} kmƒs 5„ efƒtdf ƒfhg}lts dfu{lrq ‚yflkt eO;s]sf] 5„ ToxfFsf] nf]stGq klƒkSs eO;s]sf] 5„ efƒtdf wgL ƒ uƒLjaLr cGtƒ 8ƒnfUbf] x'Fb} uPsf] 5„ e|i6frfƒ g]kfndf eGbf Jofks 5„ 7"nf kf6L{x?sf] kxF'r lgDgju{df sd x'Fb} hfg'n] efƒtsf] ƒfhg}lts k4lt xf]Og ‚yflkt kf6L{, g]tfx? ƒ k|zf;gk|lt hgtfdf 5fPsf] lgƒfzfsf] sfƒ0f cƒljGb s]hƒLjfnsf] pbo ePsf] xf]„ cfd cfbdL kf6L{ efƒtdf ‚yfoL zlQm aGg ;S5 ls ;Sb}g o;sf] lgSof}{n cem} b]lvPsf] 5}g„ tƒ hgtfsf] b}lgs hLjg;Fu ;DalGwt ;jfndf olb ƒfhg}lts kf6L{ a]vjƒ x'g vf]h]df hgtfn] 5f]6} ;dodf klg gofF zlQm hGdfpg ;S5g\ eGg] r]t ToxfFsf 7"nf kf6L{nfO{ cfd cfbdL kf6L{sf] pbon] cjZo lbPsf] 5„ g]kfndf tTsfn o‚tf] cj‚yf geP klg olb jt{dfg zlQmx?n] ;+ljwfg agfpg ;s]gg\ eg] ƒ ;+ljwfg alg;s]kl5 hgtfsf] hLjg‚tƒ psf‚g] vfnsf cfly{s sfo{qmd Nofpg ;s]gg\ eg] gofF zlQmsf] pbonfO{ s;}n] ƒf]Sg ;Sg]5}g„


sljtf

8fo‚kf]ƒfsf] dfG5] uf]kLs[i0f k|;fO{ cfpFb} uƒ]sf] b]v]F n08gsf] ;8sdf s'lbƒx]]sf lrNnf sfƒx? pGdQ Zj]t jbgdf ;lhg] lxƒfsf xfƒx? dfgf}F O{Gb|sf] gGbg jgdf ljxfƒ rlnƒx]5 dfgf}+ ƒftsf] Jou|tfn] rfF8} lbg 9lnƒx]5 tƒ Tof] g]kfnL dg cfkm\gf] d'‚sfgdf cEo‚t eO{ ;s]sf] 5 cfkm\g} Oltxf; ƒ jt{dfgn] ;dfO{ ;s]sf] 5 ƒ kƒb]lzPsf] dg jf;gfx?df cndlNnPsf] b]lvg cfFvfelƒ n08gsf] cfw'lgs 5fof b]lvg d]ƒf] ‚jfefljs x]ƒfO{df clxn] pm 8fo‚kf]ƒfsf] dfG5] xf] 8fo‚kf]ƒfsf] s'g rƒ0fdf 5 < Tof] dnfO{ yfxf 5}g tƒ oxL df6f]n] p;nfO{ lrlg;s] kl5 oxLFsf k;nx?df p;n] kfg;'kfƒL lslg;s] kl5, oxL xlƒofnLn] 5f]8\g] clS;hgdf afFr]sf] p;sf] hLjg sd{ vf]Hb} of] kfZrfTo b'lgofFdf cfPsf] pm ulƒaLn] ws]n]ƒ lj6'nf] algPsf] k'k'{ƒf] clg 8fo‚kf]ƒfdf emƒ]sf] of] g]kfnL cfFz' klƒl‚yltn] bx|f] aGg cEo‚t 5ftL tƒ pm lgb{oL x'g ;Sb}g l8‚sf] ƒ kadf s'lbƒxg] pm ;dƒsf kfs{x?df 8'lnƒxg] pm ToxfF klg p;nfO{ ƒf]wL ƒ rf}tfƒLn] 5f]8]g ToxfF klg p;n] gfuL ƒ n]s j];LnfO{ la;]{g Eff}lts ;+oGqn] hlt g} tfg] klg cfkm\g} eLƒ kfvfdf ƒdfO{ ƒXof] ;fd'lGb|s lsgfƒdf ;d]t vf]nf u8\ltƒsf] ofb ydfO{ ƒXof] g'lgnf 5fnx? ;Fu} gfƒfo0fLsf] ƒfkm\l6+unfO{ ;dfO{ ƒXof]„ 8fo‚kf]ƒfsf] g]kfnL dg b]pƒfnLdf kftL r9fO{ dgsf] 9fsƒ la;fpF5 pm c;fƒ kGw|df bxL lrpƒf vfg gkfP cfkm};Fu lƒ;fp5 pm b;}F ƒ ltxfƒn] cg'jlGwt dg 8fo‚kf]ƒfsf] ƒf]6] lkªdf e'mlnƒxG5 lgwfƒ elƒ 6Lsf ƒ lzƒdf hdƒf lnPƒ e'nL ƒxG5 dgn] dfu]sf] Kof; cfkm\g} df6f]n] dfq lbg] ƒx]5 d'6'sf] efiff t cfkm\g} a‚tLn] dfq a'em\bf] ƒx]5 sfddf hfG5 k};f;Fu lh‚sG5 gfO6 Snadf hfG5 t?gL;Fu OlqG5 ulƒƒxG5 n08g a; ƒ 6\o"asf] ofqf x]lƒxG5 cFu|]hx?sf] gfgf yƒLsf hfqf slxn] lkpF5 Joyf e'nfpg kmƒs kmƒs cNsf]xnsf] dfqf Kof;L ag]sf 38Ldf s'jf ƒ lx6Lsf] ;+emgfn] ?G5 dgdf nfu]]sf bfux? 5+5+luPsf vf]nfx?df w'G5 cfkm}nfO{ vf]hL ƒx]5g\ dfG5]x? oxfF pm klg k|fo cfkm\g} dfq s'ƒfx? ;'G5 ;'Gbƒtf ƒ g;fn' of] b'lgofF hjfgL pl8ƒx]5 oq tq tƒ pm cfkm\g} ;f]lN6gLsf] ufpmFdf AoF"lemƒx]sf] x'G5 cfkm\gf] 5fof e]6\6fpg of] b"ƒ lIflthdf alNemƒx]sf] x'G5 ofqf elƒ cfkm\gf] ;+;fƒ agfpF5 of] t kƒb]z g xf] oxLFsf] klƒj]zdf ƒdfp5 pm

cfkm\gf] wd{ ƒ ;+‚sfƒsf] l;ƒfgLdf lgbfFp5 pm Dofs ƒ s]Pkm\;Lsf] ldi7fGg ef]hg ANofs n]an ƒ ƒ]8 jfOgsf] ;'ƒfkfg tƒ pm;n] ds} e6\df; kf]N6fdf ƒfv]sf] 5 sf]7fsf] cfNdfƒLdf tLg kfg] ƒS;L ;fFr]sf] 5„ sfddf hf]ltOƒx]sf] pm ‚6ln{u kfpG8df kf]ltO{ ƒx]sf] pm p;nfO{ d bf]xf]ƒL uLtsf] s'ƒf u5{' p;sf] efj elƒ d g]kfnL ;+uLtsf] w'g e5{' ghflgbf] ?kdf p;sf] cfef rDs]sf] b]V5' g]kfnLkgn] pƒfn]ƒ gfRg cl3 nDs]sf] b]V5' sfdsf] ;fl‚tn] dg ?Fbf] xf] sfd}sfdsf] kL8fn] sn]hf] 5'Fbf] xf] k};f pm;Fu 5 klg, 5}g klg To;}n] t pm 3ƒ ;+emG5 clg Ps b'O{ Kofu jfOg lkpF5 PsfGtdf a;]ƒ cfkm\g} dgnfO{ l;pF5 w]ƒ} eof] 3ƒ 5f8]sf] p;n] w]ƒ} eof] hLjg df]8]sf] p;n] cfFvfdf cfz' cfPsf] klg Tolt b]lVtg d p;sf] cGt{x[bosf] syf klg oxfF n]lVbg 5f]ƒf 5f]ƒLsf] ;'Gbƒ eljiodf cfkm}nfO{ uflnƒx]5 dgdf c‚t Jo‚t ag]sf 7'6f d'8fx?nfO{ of] gedf aflnƒx]5 8fo‚kf]ƒfdf k|]o;Lsf cfFz'x? Dff]tL alg rlDsƒx] cf}Bf]lus ;xƒdf ;a} ;a} ƒxƒx? k};f;Fu} nlDsƒx] kl;gf ƒ ƒutsf] sd{n] kl‚sPsf] a|XdljGb' hLjg hutsf] of] sxfnL nfUbf] dxfl;Gw' ;+oGqdf ƒdfpg] p;sf] afgL cfFvfdf aluƒxG5 y]D; gbLsf] kfgL p;sf] hjfgL;Fu} b'Vof] n08gsf] laxfgL tF'jfnf]n] 9fs]sf] ;xƒ lxFpn] vfPsf] ƒxƒ dlGbƒdf lxl8ƒx]sf] pm cfkm\g}kgsf ;fyL ;+uLx?sf] vf]hLdf pm of] s‚df]kf]ln6g ;xƒ ;+;fƒ eƒsf dflg;sf cf–cfkm\gf ƒxƒ kl;gf k'5\b} ;a} ;a} cf–cfkm\gf] yft ynf] ;+embf x'g\ ;a}sf cf–cfkm\g} 8fo‚kf]ƒf ;a}sf cf–cfkm\g} Joxf]ƒf Tof] g]kfnL dg, of] g]kfnL dg cflvƒ pm ƒ ddf s]lx kmƒs 5}g ;a} ;a} oxL klƒwL ƒ ;+oGqdf cg'alGwt xfdL cfFvfdf b]z af]s]ƒ afFr]sf 5f}F 8fo‚kf]ƒfdf efiffsf] uLt k‚sb} xfF;]sf 5f}F olx g} xfdL cfkm\gf] ;+;fƒ agfp5f}F Rffx] a;fO{ cgGt;Dd nlDaof];\ oxLF ldn]ƒ xfd|f] g]kfn ;hfpF5f}+ cfkm\gf] O{ltxf; 5ftLdf af]s]ƒ cfkm\g} dgsf aƒ kLkn of] e"uf]n elƒ ƒf]k]ƒ ;'v b'v ;Fu} 8fo‚kf]ƒfnfO{ p7fpg' 5 oxL leq g]kfnLkg h'6fpg' 5 jt{dfgsf] of] ue{df cfkm\gf] ;Eotfsf] d"n km'6fpg 5„ -n08g _

dfr{ @)!$

13


cfjƒ0f

s5'jf ultdf sf7df8f}+÷g]kfnL sf+u|]sf g]tf ;'zLn sf]Oƒfnf k|wfgdGqL ePsf] b'O{ dlxgf k'Ug nfUof]„ of] cjlwdf sf]Oƒfnf ;ƒsfƒn] vf;} s'g} ultljlw b]vfpg ;s]sf] 5}g„ cem} dGqfnox? dGqL ljxLg cj‚yfdf 5g\ eg] sltko dGqfnodf ;lrj;d]t lƒQm cj‚yfdf 5„ ;ƒsfƒn] ;+ljwfg;efdf dgf]gLt ug'{ kg]{ ;b‚ox? cem} dgf]gLt ug{ ;s]sf] 5}g„ of] aLrdf k|d sf]Oƒfnfn] cfkm\gf] sfo{;"lrnfO{ klg Jojl‚yt ug{ ;s]sf 5}gg\„ ;fgf ;fgf sfo{qmd tyf vf;} k|wfgdGqLn] ;do glbP klg x'g] vfnsf sfo{qmddf klg pgL b]vf klƒƒx]5g\„ of] ;a} s'ƒfsf] afah'b klg …6gsk'ƒ efƒtsf] xf]Ú h'g eGg EofP of] eGbf c? ljjfb klg kƒ]sf 5}gg\„ pgnfO{ kf6L{leqaf6 klg vf;} ;xof]u ePsf] 5}g eg] vf;} ljƒf]wsf] ;fdgf ug'{ klg kƒ]sf] 5}g„ jif{ lbgleq ;+ljwfg agfO{ ;Sg] eGg] pgsf] Ps;'qLo egfO{ hxfF uP klg ƒfVg pgn] cem} 5f8]sf 5}gg\„ clxn];Ddsf] ultljlw x]bf{ pgsf] k|wfgdGqLTj sfn klg vf;} pNn]Vo h; sdfpg] vfnsf] jf k'ƒ} abgfd x'g] vfnsf] b'a} gx'g] ;+s]t b]lvPsf] 5„ tƒ pgn] cfkm\gf] ;fbf hLjgsf] h'g 6«]8dfs{ xf] o;df wJjf nfUg glbg] s'ƒfdf eg] k|fo ;a}sf] ljZjf; ƒx]sf] 5„ k|wfgdGqLsf] x}l;otdf pgn] ƒ pgsf dGqLx?n] ;fj{hlgs uƒ]sf] ;DklQ ljjƒ0f eg] s]xL ;do ;a}sf] nflu rrf{sf] ljifo aGg k'u]sf] lyof]„ ;ƒsfƒ rnfpg] cg'ej gePsf sf]Oƒfnf;Fu h‚tf] ;xof]uLx? tyf

14

dfr{ @)!$


cfjƒ0f ;Nnfxsfƒx? x'g'kYof]{ To‚tf] vfnsf] 6Ld ƒx]sf] 5}g„ pgsf ljZjf;kfqsf] ?kdf ƒx]sf g]tfx? klg sltko dGqL x'g gkfPsf]df sf]Oƒfn;Fu Tolt v';L ƒx]sf 5}gg\„ s'g} klg s'ƒfdf t'?Gt lg0f{o lng g;Sg] sf]Oƒfnsf] sdhf]ƒL sfƒ0f klg ;ƒsfƒ s5'jfsf] ultnfO{ klg pl5Gg g;Sg] cj‚yfdf k'u]sf] xf]„ sf]Oƒfnfn] kf6L{ rnfPem}F g} ;ƒsfƒ klg tby{jfbL z}nLdf rnfpg vf]h]sf]n] o‚tf] cj‚yf l;h{gf x'g uPsf] sf+u|];Lx? g} atfpg yfn]sf 5g\„ ptf ;+;bsf] sfo{;"lrdf kƒ] cg';fƒ ;+;bsf ljifout ;ldlt bnx?n] tL ;ldltx?df ƒxg] ;b‚ox?sf] gfd glbPsf] sfƒ0f cem} u7g x'g ;s]sf] 5}g„ sfo{;"lr cg';fƒ sfd cufl8 ga9]sf]n] ;+;bn] sfd g} kfpg 5f]8]sf] 5„ ptf d]nldnfk cfof]u d‚of}bf sfo{bnk|lt Pdfcf]jfbLn] cfklQ hgfPsf] 5„ ;+;bdf af]Nb} Pdfcf]jfbL ;f+;b lxtƒfh kf08]n] ;To lg?k0f tyf d]nldnfk cfof]usf] d‚of}bf sfo{bndf cfkm\gf] kf6L{nfO{ gƒflvPsf] s'ƒfk|lt c;Gt'li6L k|s6 uƒ]sf lyP„ kf08]n] zflGt k|s[ofsf] csf]{ kIfnfO{ ;xefuL gagfO cfof]usf] d‚of}bf PskIfLo ?kdf tofƒ ug{ vf]lhPsf] cfƒf]k klg nufPsf lyP„ pgn] ;xdltsf] cfwfƒdf cfof]u agfpg'sf] ;§f o'4sfnLg d'2f Jo'FtfPƒ cfkm\gf sfo{stf{ luƒkm\tfƒ ulƒPsf]df ljƒf]w hgfPsf lyP„

‚yfgLo lgjf{rgsf] rrf{ klxnf] ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rgkl5 Pdfcf]jfbL ‚yfgLo r'gfj ug]{ kIfdf ƒx]sf]df Toltv]ƒ cg's'n klƒl‚ytL gb]lvPsf]n] Pdfn] ƒ sf+u|];sf sfƒ0f ‚yfgLo lgsfosf] r'gfj x'g ;s]g„ tƒ o;k6s km]lƒ ‚yfgLo lgsfosf] r'gfjsf] k|;+un] ƒfggLlts ahfƒ uld{Psf] 5„ tƒ ljutsf] pN6f] o;k6s sf+u|]; Pdfn] r'gfjsf] kIfdf hf]8tf]8sf];fy nfu]sf 5g\ eg] Pdfcf]jfbL r'gfjsf] lj?4df b]vf kƒ]sf] 5„ r'gfjsf] nflu sf+u|]; eGbf klg Pdfn] cem a9L ;lqmo ƒx]sf] 5„ tƒ clxn];Ddsf] l‚ylt x]bf{ ‚yfgLo lgsfosf] r'gfj t'?Gt x'g] ;+efjgf b]lvg 5f8]sf] 5„ ca b'O{ dlxgfleq r'gfj gePdf ca ‚yfgLo lgsfosf] r'gfj ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f cl3 x'g] ;+efjgf ƒx]sf] 5}g„ ‚yfgLo lgjf{rg dfu ug]{ bnx?df sdn yfkfsf] ƒfk|kf g]kfn klg ylkPsf] 5„ bf];|f] ;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfjdf ;dfg'kfltsdf ck|Toflzt dt NofPsf] ;f] bn hlt ;Sbf] rfF8f] r'gfj ePdf cfkm\gf] kIfdf ƒfd|f] klƒ0ffd cfpg] cfzfdf ƒx]sf]n] r'gfjsf] dfu ulƒƒx]sf] 5„ ;;bdf ljz]if ;dodf af]Nb} ;f] bnsf g]tf yfkfn] nfdf] ;dob]lv ‚yfgLo lgjf{rg x'g g;Sbf e|i6frfƒ a9]sf] klg bfaL uƒ]sf lyP„

;+ljwfg lgdf{0f Psjif{leq ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ulƒ;Sg] k|fo ;a} bnsf g]tfn] eGg] uƒ]tf klg ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fdf s'g} tbf?stf b]lvPsf] 5}g„ ;+ljwfg;ef u7g

ePsf] ;f9] tL dlxgfsf] o;aLrdf ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf] ;jfndf k'ƒfgf] ;+ljwfg ;efn] uƒ]sf sfdx?sf] ‚jfldTj lng' afx]s c? s]xL ePsf] 5}g„ klxnf] ;+ljwfg;ef e+u x'gfsf] d'n sfƒ0f ag]sf ƒfHo k'g;{+ƒrgf, ƒfHox?sf] gfdfsƒ0f h‚tf ;jfnx?df clxn];Dd s'g} 5nkmn ePsf] 5}g „ g]tfx? cgf}krflƒs ?kdf % jf ^ ƒfHo dfq agfpg] ƒ hftLo cfwfƒdf gfdfsƒ0f gx'g] s'ƒf atfO{ ƒx]sf 5g\ eg] klxrfg kIfwƒx? clxn] Pstfsf] kIfdf b]vf kƒ]sf 5g\„ dw];L bnx? Pstfsf] nflu k|of;ƒt 5g\ eg\ hghfltx? klg ljleGg lsl;dn] df]rf{jGbL ug]{tkm k|of;ƒt ƒx]sf 5g\„ sd ƒfHo agfpg] tyf hftLo gfdfsƒ0f gug]{ ;jfndf sf+u|]; Pdfn]df Pstf b]lvPsf]n] klxrfgjfbLx? clxn] rgfvf] x'g yfn]sf x'g\„ ;+;bsf] ;+ƒrgf x]bf{ clGtddf dtbfgaf6 lg0f{odf k'Ug' kg]{ ePdf klxrfg ljƒf]wLx?sf] b'O tLxfO{ k'Ug] cj‚yf ƒx]sf]n] olb ;+ljwfg aGof] eg] klg ljjfbdf km‚g] ;+efjgf k|jn ƒx]sf] 5„ tƒ clxn];Ddsf] ƒfhgLlts ljsf;qmd x]bf{ ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f sfo{df km]lƒ pxL k'ƒfg} k|j[lQ k'gƒfj[lQ x'g] b]lvPsf] 5„

Pdfcf]jfbL ƒ aLdfcf]jfbL ƒfli6«o ;Dd]ngsf] tofƒLdf ƒx]sf] Pg]skf dfcf]jfbLdf ƒfli6«o ;Dd]ngsf] vf;} rxnkxn ;'? x'g ;s]sf] 5}g„ r'gfjdf kƒflht ePkl5 leGg 9+un] cufl8 a9\g] sfo{qmd lnPƒ cfpnf eGg] cfFsng ulƒPsf] Pdfcf]jfbLdf clxn];Dd vf;} s]xL kmƒs sfo{qmd gofF hf]z ƒ pT;fx b]lvPsf] 5}g„ a? b'O{ dfcf]jfbLaLrdf Pstfsf s'ƒfx?n] ahfƒ lng yfn]sf] 5„ Pdfcf]jfbLdf afa'ƒfd e§ƒfO{sf] t];|f] zlQmsf] ljrfƒnfO{ lnPƒ klg ljleGg c8\snafhLx? rNg yfn]sf 5g\„ ptf ljdfcf]jfbLdf klg km'6sf] cf}lrTo ;fljt ug{ g;lsPsf] s'ƒfnfO{ lnPƒ s]xL g]tfx? km]lƒ hgo'4df g} hfg' kg]{ atfpg yfn]sf 5g\ eg] PsfyƒL Pdfcf]jfbL;Fu ;}4flGts s'ƒfx?df dt ldnfPƒ Pstf uƒ]ƒ cufl8 a9\g' kg]{ kIfdf b]lvg yfn]sf 5g\„ clxn];Dd b'O{ dfcf]jfbL kf6L{aLr eOƒx]sf] ;Dafb ƒ ;DaGwsf] cfwfƒdf oL b'O{ kf6L{ PsLsƒ0f x'g] ;+efjgf yf]ƒ} eP klg a9]ƒ uPsf] 5„ ljz]ifuƒL åGåsfnLg d'2fx? Jo'Ftfpg] sfo{x? x'g yfn]kl5 clxn] b'a}

g]skf Pdfn]sf] dxflwj]zg clxn] g]skf Pdfn] dxflwj]zgsf] tofƒLdf nfu]sf] 5„ o; dxflwj]zgdf kf6L{sf] ƒfhgLlts sfo{qmd, ƒ0fgLlt ƒ sfo{qmd afƒ]df eGbf klg g]t[Tj rogdf g} ;a}sf] Wofg uPsf] 5„ s]xL g]tf tyf sfo{stf{x?n] ;}BflGts s'ƒfx? p7fg uƒ] klg cfd sfo{stf{ tyf g]tf;Dd To; ;jfnn] Wofg tfGg ;s]sf] 5}g„ clxn];Dd Pdfn] g]tfåo dfwjs'dfƒ g]kfn ƒ v8\uk|;fb cf]nLaLr g} cWoIf kbsf] nflu r'gfj x'g] ;+efjgf b]lvPsf] 5 eg] s]xL ko{j]Ifsx? g]tf g]kfnn] cGtdf pd]bjfƒL btf{ gug]{ vfnsf] klƒl‚ylt tofƒ x'g] klg atfpF5g\„ cWoIfsf bƒf] k|ltåGåLsf] ?kdf v8f ePsf Pdfn] g]t s]kL cf]nL eg] clxn] ljƒfdL cj‚yfdf 5g\„ ljleGg vfn] ƒf]usf ;d‚ofåfƒf kLl8t cf]nLsf] ‚jf‚Yo l‚yltdf clxn] ;'wfƒ cfPsf] atfOPsf] 5„ tfklg pgsf] lju|bf] ‚jf‚Yo l‚yltn] pgsf] pd]bjfƒLdf c;ƒ kg]{ xf] ls eGg] klg rrf{ clxn] Pdfn] j[Qleq ;d]t rNg] uƒ]sf] 5„ dxflwj]zgsf] tfkqmd a9\b} hfFbf ;d'xut ?kdf cf–cfkm\gf] kIfnfO{ dha't agfpg ljleGg vfn] ;d'xut sfo{x? klg x'g yfn]sf 5g\„ jt{dfg cWoIf emngfy vgfn cfkm" lƒª aflxƒ ƒx]ƒ cfkm\gf] tkm{af6 lƒªleq dfwj g]kfnnfO{ k7fpg] clGtd lg0f{odf k'lu;s]sf 5g\„ clxn];Ddsf] l‚ylt x]bf{ Pdfn]leq g]t[Tjsf] r'gfj lgs} k|lt‚kwf{Tds x'g] b]lvPsf] 5„

dfcf]jfbL glhPsf klg 5g\„ ;DaGw ƒ ;Dks{sf] cfwfƒdf b'ƒL 36\b} uP klg ;}4flGts?kdf oL b'O{ dfcf]jfbLaLrsf] b'ƒL eg] vf;} 36]sf] 5}g„ olb Pdfcf]jfbLn] cfkm\gf] wfƒnfO{ ;+;bLo 3]ƒfdf dfq l;ldt gug]{ ePdf Pstf k|s[of l56} cufl8 a9\g ;Sg] klg atfOPsf] 5„ ;du|df g]kfnsf] ƒfhgLltdf ;ƒsfƒ u7g kZrft h‚tf] gofF ƒfhgLlts jftfjƒ0f aGg' kg]{ xf] To‚tf] aGg ;s]sf] 5}g„ ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fdf h‚tf] ;lqmotfsf] ck]Iff ulƒPsf] lyof], To‚tf] s'g} s'ƒf b]lvPsf] 5}g„ ;ƒsfƒn] cfd hgtfsf] nflu s]xL ƒfxtsf] sfo{qmd Nofpg] cfzf ulƒPsf]df pN6f] k]6«flnod kbfy{df d'No a[l4 uƒ]sf] 5„ clxn] g]kfndf xƒ]s a‚t'df d'No a[l4 x'g k'u]sf] 5„ bIfL0f Pl;ofnL ƒfi6«x? dWo]df ;jeGb a9L d'No a[4L bƒ ePsf] d'n'ssf] kbjL klg g]kfnnfO{ g} ldn]sf] 5„ ƒfhgLlts bnx? ƒ bnsf g]tfx?df clxn] klg lhDd]jfƒL af]w ePsf] dx;"; ug{ ldNg] s'g} ;+s]t b]vf kƒ]sf] 5}g ƒ clxn] klg g]tfx? ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf] sfo{df u+eLƒ ePsf 5}gg\„ tƒ klg Ps jif{leq ;+ljwfg hfƒL x'G5 eGg] s'ƒfnfO{ eg] ;a}vfn] g]tfx?n] cfkm\gf] y]uf] agfpg 5f8]sf 5}gg\„ dfr{ @)!$

15


16

dfr{ @)!$


g]kfn tyf a]nfotsf] ;dfrfƒ ƒ cGo ljljw ;fdfu|Lsf] nflu s[kof x]g'{ xf]nf M

dfr{ @)!$

17


Tier-1,5 cfj]bg

ƒ clkn ljBfyL{ (Tier-4) cfj]bg ƒ clkn Points-Based System(PBS) sf klƒjfƒx? lemsfpg kƒ]df EEA sf NON-EEA klƒjfƒsf cfj]bg ƒ clkn la|l6z gfulƒstf tyf 6«fen 8s'd]G6 cfj]bg la|l6z tyf ;]6N8 gfulƒssf klƒjfƒ lemsfpg' kƒ]df 6'lƒi6, kflƒjflƒs, ljBfyL{ tyf lalhg]z lelh6ƒ (Visitor) le;f cfj]bg ;a} k|sfƒsf clknx? (First Tier Tribunal to Court of Appeal) le;f ;dfKt ePƒ cf]eƒ‚6] (Overstay) ePsfx? OGe]i6ƒx? (Investors) ƒ pBdLx? (Entrepreneurs) lalhg]zsf nflu (Tier-2) ‚kf]G;ƒlzk nfO;]G; ƒ Tier-2 jf]s{ kƒld6 (Work Permit) cfj]bgx? &, !) ƒ @) jif{ a;f]jf; (Long Residence) cfj]bg

;+lhj sfsL{

18

dfr{ @)!$


ljrf/

jfr‚klt ƒ]UdL

g]kfn k|xƒLdf Jofj;flostfsf] cfjZostf

a9'jf ubf{ pDd]bjfƒn] p;n] ug'{kg]{ ƒfli6«o zlGt ;'ƒIffdf s] s‚tf] gLlt, sfo{qmd ƒ of]hgf Nofpg ;S5 ƒ ;'ƒIff k|bfg ub{5 eGg] s'ƒfsf] d"Nofª\sg uƒL 5gf}6 ug]{ k|lqmof cjnDag uƒ]df bIf ƒ Jofj;flos clws[tx?sf] 5gf}6 x'g] s'ƒfdf b'O{dt gxf]nf„ cGoyf zflGt ;'ƒIff k'‚tsdf n]lvPsf] cIfƒ ƒ g]tfx?sf] egfO{ dfGg] k|xƒL dfq}sf] a9'jf xf]nf„ sfg"gL ƒfHodf sfg"g sfof{Gjog ug]{ d"Vo ;+‚yf k|xƒL xf]„ cfh oxL k|xƒLsf] sfd sfƒjfxLdf g]kfndf s]xL k|Zgx? plAhPsf 5g\„ k|xƒLsf] d"Vo sfd ;dfhdf zflGt ;'ƒIff sfod ug]{, ckƒfw ƒf]syfd ug]{, ckƒfw cg';Gwfg ug]{ ƒ ckƒfwLnfO{ a9L eGbf a9L ;hfo lbnfO{ ckƒfwƒlxt ;dfhsf] ;[hgf ug]{ xf]„ o;sf] ;fy;fy} ;dfhdf b}jL ljklQ kƒ]df p4fƒ ;d]t ug]{ xf]„ olt x'Fbfx'Fb} klg g]kfn k|xƒL hgtf;dIf lsg cnf]slk|o ePsf] 5 eGg] s'ƒf d"ne"t k|Zgsf] ?kdf ƒx]sf] 5„ ha;Dd g]kfn k|xƒLn] cfˆgf] 5lj ;'wfg{ ;Sb}g ƒ hgtfdf k|xƒLk|ltsf] hgljZjf; clej[l4 ug{ ;Sb}g ta;Dd g]kfn k|xƒLsf] cfˆgf] k|of; t hfƒL ƒxnf tƒ k|xƒLk|lt hgtfdf kƒ]sf] gsfƒfTds b[li6sf]0f abNg 7"n} klƒjt{g ug{ ;Sg' kb{5„ jf‚tjdf hgtfdf k|xƒLk|lt lgƒf;f 5 p;sf] Jojxfƒn] ubf{„ k|xƒL t hgtfsf] afFRg kfpg] clwsfƒ ;'lglZrt ug{ lgo'lQm ulƒPsf] xf] lg„ To;ƒL lgo"lQm ulƒPsf] ;+u7gsf] ;b‚ox?af6 ;]jf lbg] gfddf ulƒPsf b'Jo{jxfƒ ƒ b08lxgtfn] hgtfdf kƒ]sf] gsfƒfTds wfƒ0ff klƒjt{g ug{ TolQ ;lhnf] 5}g„ cfh ƒd]z vƒ]n sxfF 5g\ eg]ƒ gfd lsg cfpF5„ ƒd]z vƒ]nn] ug]{ k|xƒL sfƒjfxL sfg"g ;Ddt 5 ƒ ;a}nfO{ aƒfaƒ 5„ sfg"gsf] lx;fjn] ;a} dfG5] ;dfg xf] ƒ ;dfg ;hfo x'G5„ jf‚tjdf ƒd]z vƒ]n h‚t} ƒfd|f] sfd ug]{ k|xƒL clws[tdf gfd lng'kbf{ eflj k|xƒL dxflglƒIfssf] pd]bjfƒ l8cfOhL gjƒfh l;njfn cu|k+lQmdf kg'{ x'G5„ lg‚kIf sfg"g sfof{Gjogsf lxdfotL

Pj+ dfgjclwsfƒsf] ƒIff ug{ ;kmn gjƒfh l;njfndf Jofj;flos k|xƒLsf] of]Uotf 5„ tƒ, oxfFg]ƒ c;n k|xƒL clws[t eg]ƒ gfd lng'kbf{ ^@ xhfƒ g]kfn k|xƒLsf] ;a} ;kmn bhf{ bIf, c;n ƒ Joj;foLs 5„ @)$^ ;fnsf] hgcfGbf]ngsf] pknAwLkl5 k|fKt k|hftGqdf x'g'kg]{ k|lt‚kwf{ unt 9+uaf6 ePsf] ƒ h;sf] zlQm p;sf] elQm ePs} sfƒ0f g]kfn k|xƒLn] cfh cfˆgf] hgljZjf; u'dfpg k'u]sf] xf]„ k|hftGqkl5sf lbgx?df of]Uo k|lt‚kwf{df ƒfi6«sf] zflGt ;'ƒIff sfod ug{ ;Ifd k|xƒL dxflgƒLIfsx? afƒDafƒ sf]kefhgdf kƒL x6\g' kƒ]sf] ƒ sfo{sfn k"ƒf ug{ gkfPsf sfƒ0f cfˆgf gLlt ƒ sfo{qmd nfu' ug{ eGbf klg kb hf]ufpg] tkm{ a9L nfUg' k¥of]„ cfh g]kfn k|xƒLn] cfˆgf] ;Lk, 1fgnfO{ k'ƒfk'ƒf alb{sf] ;Ddfg ub}{ k"0f{?kdf pkof]u ug{ kfPsf] eP ƒ ƒfhg}lts x‚tIf]k gePsf] eP g]kfn k|xƒLn] hgljZjf; u'dfpg' kb}{gYof]„ cfh ;dfrfƒx?df 5fPsf] 5 – xTof h‚tf s];x? k|xƒLn] k};f n]gb]g uƒ]ƒ ldnfkq uƒfPsf] 5, hjƒh‚tL sƒ0fL h‚tf] d'2f ;fj{hlgs ckƒfwdf btf{ uƒ]sf] 5 ƒ kLl8tnfO{ cGofo x'g] sfd uƒ]sf] 5„ h;n] ckƒfw uƒ]sf] 5 To;nfO{ pGd'lQm jf 5'6 lbPsf] 5„ kqmfp ug{ ;s]sf] 5}g ƒ ;"rgf r'xfj6 uƒ]sf] 5„ ckƒfwLx? k|xƒLaf6 ePsf] ;"rgf r'xfj6sf] kmfObf p7fPƒ efUg ;kmn ePsf 5g\ ƒ rnv]n ug]{ df}sf k|fKt uƒ]sf 5g\„ ljZjd} ;kmn k|xƒLsf] gfd cfpF5 OG6ƒkf]nsf] ƒ]s8{df g]kfn k|xƒL„ tƒ h;n] u¥of] Tof] sfd Pp6f clws[tn] dfq}

u¥of]„ c? ;a}df Jofj;flostf, ;]jfk|lt lgi7f ƒ ;Lksf] k|of]u ug'{eGbf rfs8L, 9f]sf wfpg] k|j[lt ƒXof] ƒ o;ƒL 9f]sf wfpg]n] ƒfd|f] bƒjGbL Pj+ a9'jf kfPs} sfƒ0f of]Uo ƒ c;n k|xƒLx?df dgf]jn lug{ uof]„ lxhf] hgo'4sf] sxfnL nfUbf] ;dodf åGåƒt lhNnfx?df k'Ug g;s]sf ƒ cfˆgf eg]ƒ gk7fOPsfx? cfh ltg} ƒfd|f] ‚yfgdf bƒjGbL ƒ cfDbfgL x'g] zfvfx?df v6fOg] xf] eg] g]kfn k|xƒLnfO{ cfˆgf] hgljZjf; j[l4 ug{ c? ;do nfUg ;S5„ k|xƒLleq sfljn k|xƒLx? eP klg Joj‚yfkg kIfnfO{ ƒfd|f];Fu gx]lƒg] xf] eg] ef]sfPsf] dfG5]nfO{ 8fF8fjfƒL vfg kfP x'GYof], c3fPsf] dfG5]n] 8fF8f s6]kl5 vfg kfP x'GYof] eGg] pvfg rlƒtfy{ x'g]5„ lsgls g]kfn k|xƒLn] hjƒh‚tL hgtf;Fu ;xof]u lnPƒ, ckƒfw guƒ]s} ePklg hjƒh‚tL ;dft]ƒ y'g]ƒ b'Mv lbPƒ k|xƒL ejgx? agfpg], k|xƒL ;jfƒL Eofgx? agfpg], t]n dfUg], ljleGg lr7\7f, lj1fkg le8fPƒ k|xƒLsf] abdfg ulƒPsf]n] hgtfdf k|xƒL ;]jfsf] nflu xf] eGg] eGbf klg b'Mv lbg] ;+‚yf ƒ ;+u7gs]f ?kdf hgtfdf klƒlrt x'g k'Uof]„ oL ;a} s'ƒfx?df ;sfƒfTds ;f]r ‚yflkt ug{ k|xƒLnfO{ ef}lts ;fwgn] ;';lHht ub{} k|xƒL b'Mv lbg] ;+‚yf xf]Og ƒ ;]jf lbg] ;+‚yf xf] eGg] s'ƒf hgtfdf ljZjf; lbnfpg} kb{5„ cfh Tof] ljZjf; ƒd]z vƒ]naf6 dfq} hgtfn] kfPsf 5g\„ hgtfdf ljZjf; 5 ls ƒd]z vƒ]nn] ;]jf u5{g\, b'Mv lbFb}gg\ ƒ abdf;nfO{ sfƒjfxL u5{g\„ xf] oxL vƒ]nn] k|fKt uƒ]sf] dfr{ @)!$

19


ljrf/ hgljZjf;nfO{ gofF k|xƒL dxflglƒIfsn] ^@ xhfƒ k|xƒL ;a}sf] sfd ;dfg xf] ƒ ljZjf; xf] eg]ƒ lbnfpg ;Sof] eg] dfq} g]kfn k|xƒL Jofj;flos x'g;S5„ oxfFg]ƒ g]kfn k|xƒL Jofj;flos x'g g;Sg'df egf{ 5gf}6, tflnd ƒ hgo'4sf] a]nf cfˆgf] sfd eGbf klg afFRgs} nflu dfq klg sfof{no 5f]8]ƒ nf]s]zg cfp6 x'g'kg]{ klƒl‚yltn] ubf{ xf]„ cfh ;a} ƒfhg}lts kf6L{ ƒ g]kfn k|xƒLsf] tdfd clws[t tyf hjfgx?n] of] s'ƒfnfO{ cfTd;ft ug}{ kb{5„ ;do klƒjt{gzfnL 5, lxhf] åGåsf] ;dodf dgf]jn luƒ]sf] k|xƒLnfO{ Jofj;flostf eGbf klg åGåƒt Onfsfdf n8\g dfq} dgf]jnsf] h?ƒL lyof]„ cfh Tof] lbg 5}g„ tflnd lbg ;lsG5„ dgf]jn a9\g] sfo{sf nflu ƒfd|f] ug]{nfO{ tSdf, k'ƒ‚sfƒ ƒ ljb]z nfUg] cj;ƒsf] af6f] ldnfO{ lbg ;lsG5„ unt ug]{, s'ljrfƒ ƒfVg]nfO{ b08, ;hfo ƒ 36'jf ug{, a9'jf ƒf]Ssf ug{ ;lsG5 clg dfq} sfg"gL ƒfHosf] d"n cjwfƒ0ffaf6 lglb{i6 ƒxL k|sfjsfƒL ckƒfw lgoGq0f ƒ cg';Gwfgåfƒf ;dfhdf zflGt ‚yfkgf uƒL dfgj clwsfƒsf] ;+ƒIf0fdf ;dlk{t ‚jR5 k|xƒL ;]jf k|bfg ug{ ;lsG5„ ljutdf k|xƒL dxflgƒLIfsx?af6 klg kmƒs kmƒs gLlt, lgodx? hfƒL x'g] ub{y]„ o‚tf gLlt, lgodx? ;+u7gn] nfdf] ;do;Dd c+lusfƒ ug]{eGbf klg cfˆgf]

sfo{sfn k"ƒf ug]{ vfnsf] dfq} x'g] ub{y]„ o;f] x'g'df k|xƒLleq ƒfhgLlt xfjL x'g' d"Vo sfƒ0f lyof]„ To;}n] cfkm" ;kmn x'g] dfq} sfd x'g] uƒ]sf]n] k|xƒL ;+u7g Wj‚t e} hgljZjf; u'd]sf] xf]„ cfh of] cj‚yf ƒx]sf] 5}g„ hgtf ;r]t 5g\ ƒ k|xƒLn] ca ƒfhg}lts g]tfx?sf] eGbf klg ;+ljwfg, d"n"sL P]g, k|xƒL P]g ƒ k|xƒL lgodaf6 rn]df Oltxf; km]lƒ sf]lƒg]5„ Oltxf;df ;'gf}nf] cIfƒn] n]Vg h;n] lxDdt u¥of] To;n] dfq} g]kfn cfdfsf] ;kgf k"ƒf ug]{5„ jf‚tjdf g]kfn k|xƒLsf] Oltxf; x]g]{ xf] eg] h+uaxfb'ƒ ƒf0ffn] a]nfot e|d0fdf a]nfotdf k|xƒLn] le8 x6fpg] ƒ ;jfƒL cfjfudgnfO{ Jojl‚yt uƒ]sf] b]v]kl5 pgn] g]kfndf klg k|xƒL ;]jfsf] ;'? uƒ]sf lyP„ ƒf0ff zf;gsf] a]nf cldgL k'ln;, ldlnl;of k'ln;, sf]tjfnL k'ln;sf] ?k g} @)!@ ;fnaf6 g]kfn k|xƒLsf] P]g ag]ƒ xfnsf] g]kfn k|xƒL xf]„ @)$^ ;fnsf] k|hftGqkl5 b+uf k|xƒL, hgkb k|xƒL ƒ 6«flkms k|xƒLn] cf–cfˆgf] sfo{;Dkfbg ub}{ cfOƒx]sf 5g\„ 6]Sgf]nf]hLsf] h] hlt ljsf; ePklg g]kfn k|xƒLnfO{ cfw'lgstfdf n}hfg ;ƒsfƒL ah]6 ck"ƒf] g} ePsf] sfƒ0f k|efjsfƒL klƒrfng x'g;s]sf] 5}g Psfltƒ eg] k|xƒLn] uƒ]sf] clVtofƒ b'?kof]u jf kbsf] b'?kof]u lgikIf ?kdf x]g]{ OlG8k]G8]G6 a8L g'xFbf k|efjsfƒL

5fgljg x'g ;s]sf] 5}g„ k|xƒL ƒ hgtf b'j}nfO{ kfƒbzL{ 5fgljgdf kfg{ ;s] dfq} oL s'ƒfx?sf] lgƒfs0f x'G5„ egf{df kfƒblz{tf, tflnddf cfw'lgstf ƒ kb‚yfkgdf ;xL 7fpFdf ;xL JolQm (Right Man To Right Place) uƒfpg ;s]df dfq} k|xƒL ;]jf ;fy{s x'G5„ clxn] k|xƒLdf lƒQm kbx? ƒfhg}lts lvrftfgLsf sfƒ0f k"lt{ x'g g;s]sf] s'ƒf gsfg{ ;lsFb}g„ k|xƒLdf ƒfhgLlt k‚g' x'Fb}g tƒ nfdf] ;do;Dd a9'jf x'g g;s]sf] cltlƒQm dxflglƒIfsx?sf] & j6f ;L6df k|lt‚kwL{ w]ƒ} ePsf]n] sf+u|];sf] # hgf Pdfn]sf] # hgf dfcf]jfbLsf] ! hgfsf] l;kmlƒ;df a9'jf x'g] ;dfrfƒx?n] km]lƒ g]kfn k|xƒL ƒfhg}lts ;+u7gsf] eft[;+u7g x'g nfu]sf] xf] ls eGg] tdfd hgtfdf z+sfsf] ljifo ePsf]5„ a9'jf ubf{ pDd]bjfƒn] p;n] ug'{kg]{ ƒfli6«o zlGt ;'ƒIffdf s] s‚tf] gLlt, sfo{qmd ƒ of]hgf Nofpg ;S5 ƒ ;'ƒIff k|bfg ub{5 eGg] s'ƒfsf] d"NofÍg uƒL 5gf}6 ug]{ k|lqmof cjnDag uƒ]df bIf ƒ Jofj;flos clws[tx?sf] 5gf}6 x'g] s'ƒfdf b'O{dt gxf]nf„ cGoyf zflGt ;'ƒIff k'‚tsdf n]lvPsf] cIfƒ ƒ g]tfx?sf] egfO{ dfGg] k|xƒL dfq}sf] a9'jf xf]nf„ o;n] k|xƒL ;+u7gnfO{ ;dofg's'n cufl8 a9\g lbg] 5}g„

lqmoflzntf 8f= of]uL ljsf;fgGb d k|fl1s n]vgsf] nflu ag]sf] dfG5] x}g, sd{ ug'{ g} d]ƒf] If]q xf]„ –dxfTdf ufGwL dflg;l;t hDdf tLgj6f dl‚Tfis 5g\„ ƒ, tL ;a} dl‚tissf sfo{x¿ a]Unf–a]Un} 5g\„ klxnf] xf] cfwfƒe"t dl‚tis h'g sd{{ k|wfg x'G5„ bf];|f] dWo dl‚tis h'g efj k|wfg x'G5 ƒ clGtd dl‚tis h;nfO{ lgof]s6]{S; elgG5 of] k|foM a'l4k|wfg x'G5„ ctM oL tLg dl‚tis dWo] dflg; h'g dl‚tis k|wfg ePƒ hlGd5 To;} cg'¿k p;sf] If]q lgwf{lƒt x'G5„ olb lgof]s6]{S; k|Wffg eO{ hlGdof] eg] pm k|foM a'l4k|wfg x'G5 cyf{t\ ts{, ul0ft, lj1fg cfbL p;sf] cfkm\gf] If]q x'G5„ olb dfG5] dWo dl‚Tfis k|Wffg ePƒ hlGdPsf] 5 eg] pm efjk|Wffg x'G5 ƒ p;sf] If]q x'G5

20

dfr{ @)!$

– snf, ;flxTo, sfJo cfbL„ To‚t} dfG5] cfwfƒe"t dl‚Tfis k|wfg ePƒ hlGdPsf] 5 eg] p;sf] If]q x'G5– zfƒLlƒs sd{ ug'{ –h‚Tf} bf}8, v]nx¿, g[To, clego, ;dflhs ;]jf cflb„ lsgls of] dl‚tis sd{ k|wfg x'G5„ ctM ufGwLn] eg]sf s'ƒfdfly km]lƒ PskN6 uf}ƒ uƒfF} – d k|fl1s n]vgsf] nflu hGd]sf] x}g, sd{ g} d]ƒf] If]q xf] cyf{t d a'l4 k|wfg dfG5] x}g, d t sd{ k|wfg dfG5] x'F„ cfkm\gf] k|Wffgtf 5'6\ofpg ;s]s} sfƒ0f pgL dxfk'?if ag]sf x'g\ eGbf clt;of]lQm gxf]nf„ lsgeg] ;fgf] pd]ƒdf pgn] s'g} klg k|ltef b]vfPsf] kfOFb}g„ k9fOsf] dldnfdf ;d]t pgn] y8{ l8lehgdf xfO{‚s'n kf; uƒ]sf lyP„ To;kl5 Pp6f egfO g} k|Rfngdf cfof] ls olb sf]xL y8{ l8lehgdf kf; eof] eg] p;n] ;fGfbfƒ ;Fu eGYof] – d t ufGWfL l8lehgdf kf; ePF ofƒ„ ufGwL lhGbuLeƒ vf;} af}l4s jf snfTds If]qdf gnfu] klg p4]Zo;lxt

lgƒGtƒ lqmofzLn ƒx] ƒ o;}sf] klƒ0ffd‚j¿k Ps dxfk'?ifsf] hGd eof]„ PsfO;f}F ztfAbLdf klg pgL ;+;fƒsf bz cToflws dg kƒfOPsf g]tfx¿df k5{g\ eg] u'undf ;jf{lws ;r{ ulƒg] lhh;, sfn{dfS{;kl5 pgs} gfpF cfpF5„ oxfFlgƒ Plƒi6f]6nsf] egfO ;fy{s ePsf] 5 – dxfgtf c¿ s]xL x}g, nugzLntfsf] klƒ0flt xf]„ log};Fu d]n vfg] csf{ o'u–k'?if x'g\ cnj6{ cfOG‚6fOg„ pgL ;fgf] 5Fbf dGba'l4sf lyP„ pgnfO{ ;j}n] x]Kg] uƒ]sfn] Ps lbg pgn] Ps lzIfs;Fu dxfg x'g] ;"q ;f]w] ƒ lzIfsn] atfP – lgƒGtƒ cEof;„ o;}df 6]sL Ps n]7]Af|f] afns dfO{sf nfn;d]t ag]„ ctM cf–cfkm\gf] sfo{ If]qsf] lehg dgdf ƒfvL lgƒGtƒ nflu kgf{n] a'l4 ƒ snf gePsfn] klg dxfg x'g] cj;ƒ kfpF5 eg] xfdL dfq s] s'ƒfdf sdsf 5f}F < dfq afFsL ƒXof]– cf– cfkm\gf] If]qsf] lgƒGtƒ cEof;„


xfdLn] xfd|f ;]jfx?nfO{ clwstd k|fyldstf lbg] uƒ]sf 5f}F„

dfr{ @)!$

21


22

dfr{ @)!$


dgf]jfb

;kgfsf] GofofwLz dx]Gb| kf}8]n a'afn] d'lQmgfy bz{g ug{ hfFbf sfnLu08sL tLƒdf Pp6f lznf e]6]ƒ Nofpg' eP5„ Tof] ;'bz{g rqm h‚tf] b]lvPsf] sfnf] lznf lyof]„ ;'bz{g rqmsf cfwfƒdf cf‚yf hufpFb} lji0f' eujfgsf] ;fIfft ?k dfg]ƒ pxfFn] dnfO{ eGg'eof]– …afa' o;nfO{ htg uƒ]ƒ ƒfv];\, b'Mv kbf{ k"hf uƒ];\, geP k"hf ug]{ a]nf ;lDemP;\„Ú jxfFn] o;f] eg]ƒ lbg'ePsf] lznfnfO{ d}n] nfdf] ;do;Dd k"hfub}{ cfOƒx]F ƒ ;DemL klg ƒx]F„ d}n] cf‚yf ƒfVg] tyf dfyf 6]Sg] Pp6f dfWod ƒ a'afsf] lrgf] csf]{ dfWod ToxL lznf lyof]„ vfg]kfgL ljefudf hfuLƒ vfg]qmddf PskN6 alb{ofsf] e"ƒLufpF 3'Dg hfg] df}sf ldn]sf] lyof]„ slƒa PsxKtf 3'ldof] tL If]qx?df„ Tolta]nf sf7df8f}+b]lv g]kfnu+h;Dd ;femf a; rNbYof]„ xfdL e'ƒLufpFaf6 g]kfnu+h cfof}F„ ToxfFaf6 ƒflqsfnLg ;femf a; nfUg] x'gfn] ƒfltsf] ;femf a; ;dfTof}F„ ToxL ;L6df efƒtsf] k6gfdf k9\b} uƒ]sL alb{of a‚g] Pshgf 7s'ƒL yƒsL o'jtL klg r9]sL lyOg\„ 5'6[Ldf g]kfn cfPs]f avt sf7df8f}+ 3'Dghfg] qmddf d;Fu e]6 ePsf] lyof]„ pgL d]ƒ} l;6df a;]sfn] ƒft sf6\g ;xh klg eof] ƒ klƒroleq cflTdotf klg„ kl5 sf7df8f}+df e]6\g] qmddf xfdL w]ƒ} 7fpF 3'Dof}F„ ljbf ;lsPƒ efƒtd} k9\g hfg] qmddf 5'l6[g]a]nf pgn] dnfO{ Pp6f pkxfƒ lbPsL lyOg\ – ljZjsf] ;ftf}F cfZro{ dWo] Ps cfZro{ tfhdxnsf] lrGx„ d]ƒf] klxnf] k|]d lyof] pgL;Fu ƒ pgsf] d;Fu„ dfcf]jfbL åGåsfndf xfdL s]xL ;fyLx? efƒtsf] uf]vƒk'ƒdf lyof}F„ xfdL uf]ƒvk'ƒsf] bofgGb xfOj]df ToxfFsf]] Ps ‚yfgLo g]tfsf] 3ƒdf a‚bYof}F„ p;nfO{ kKk' eGy] ToxfF„ b}lgs p;nfO{ e]6\g k'ln;b]lv sd{rfƒL ƒ w]ƒ} w]ƒ} dflg;x? cfpFy]„ p;sxfF dflg; e]6\gsf] lglDt tLgj6f sf]7f 5'§fOPsf] lyof]„ klxnf] sf]7fdf c6n ljxfƒLsf] afhk]oLsf] tl‚aƒ lyof]„ p;n] afhk]oL ;dy{snfO{ Tof] sf]7fdf nfg] ub{Yof] eg] csf]{ sf]7fdf OlGbƒf ufGwLsf]„ To;kl5sf] sf]7fdf d'nfod l;+x ofbjsf]] tl‚aƒ lyof]„ h'g h'gsf ;dy{s x'g\ ToxL ToxL sf]7fdf n}hfg] ub{Yof]„ Pslbg p;n] 3'dfpg n}hfg] qmddf uf]vƒk'ƒsf] Pp6f ;+u|fxnodf nUof]„

ToxfF efƒtsf bh{gf}+ dxfg of]uLx?sf] zflns ƒx]5„ tL zflnsdf 7l8Psfx? s'g} k'0o sfd uƒ]sfx? jf of]uL bfz{lgsx? ePsfn] Tof] a]nf eujfghlQs} ;Ddfg ƒ dfg kfPsf ƒx]5g\„ To;}n] ltgLx? eujfgsf k|lts dflgPsfn] o;ƒL ƒflvPsf ƒx]5g\„ d}n] ‚jfdL ljj]sfgGbsf] k|ltd"lt{ NofPsf] lyPF„ pgnfO{ b]jtf h‚t} dfg]ƒ >4fefj ulƒƒxGy]„ oL tLg} -zflns, tfhdxn ƒ lznf_ d]ƒf >4fsf cfbz{ ƒ eujfg x'g\ eg] dfnf hKg] ƒ afOan cWoog ug]{ d]ƒf] cfkm\g} afgL ƒ ljZjf; 5„ tƒ To;lbg ƒftL Ao'Fembf zƒLƒelƒ kl;g} kl;gf lyof]„ ;fob clg0f{osf] aGbL ePƒ xf]nf jf lg0f{o ug]{ Ifdtf gePƒ klg xf]nf Û ckm;f]r g} eGg'kb{5, d‚t lgGb|fdf b]lvg] sltko ;kgfx? 8ƒnfUbf, eo̓ ƒ ckToflƒnf x'G5g\„ ;a} ;kgf ;To x'Fb}gg\, ;a} ljkgf ;kgf x'Fb}gg\„ gfl‚ts xf]Og, cfl‚ts x'F„ k"hf guƒ ]klg elQmefj ƒfVg] afgL xf]„ ƒftL ;'Tg'cl3 9f]u]ƒ ;'Tg] qmddf To;lbg klg d}n] eujfg ƒfVg] yfnLnfO{ 9f]u]ƒ ;'Tb} lyPF„ w]ƒ} dflg;x? ƒfts} pkh x'g\ ƒ x'G5g\„ k|ult ug]{x?nfO{ ƒft ;f]Rg] Pp6f dfWod klg x'G5„ lsgls ƒft ;'g;fg ƒ zfGt x'G5„ To;lbg klg To‚t} lyof]„ ;d'b|sf] ;';fx6, l;lƒlƒ cfpg] xfjfsf] emf]+sn] d]ƒf] em\ofnnfO{ xNnfO{ ƒx]sf] lyof], dfgf}F p;nfO{ d]ƒf] ‚kz{ h?ƒL lyof]„ d}n] xNsf em\ofn vf]n]F„ cfxt ePsf] d'6'df dnd h‚t} d]ƒf d[ut[i0ffx? ;d]l6P ƒ d]l6P kjgsf] Ps emf]+sf„ clg zƒLƒelƒ v]n]sf] x'g'kb{5„ zfƒLlƒs ƒ dfgl;saf6 på]lnt rƒdtfsf] ‚vlntn] dgnfO{ k'nlst agfof]„ zfGt, To;}n] t k|s[lt dxfg 5], dgdg} ud]F d}n]„ lIflthaf6 Ps em'Nsf] h"gn] lrxfPh‚tf] nfUof], k|sfz em\ofndf 7f]lsƒx]5„ kjgsf] k|s[lt;Fu v]n]sf] ƒltƒfun] h"gnfO{ klg OR5f hfUbf] xf], gq t lsg em\ofnaf6 lrxfOƒx\of] xf]nf dgdg} ;f]r]F„ k|s[ltsf] csf]{ pkh d]ƒ} a]8;Dd cfpg rfxlG5g\„ d}n] k"ƒf em\ofn vf]n]ƒ ‚jfut uƒ]F„ To;ƒL g} yfs]F ƒ ;'t]F„ s]xL lbgb]lv dgdf låljwf pTkGg eOƒx]sf] cj‚yf lyof], ƒft lgzfrƒdo eOƒx]sf] lyof]„ dfgl;s åGå cfkm}+leq v]lnƒx]sf] cj‚yfaf6 kLl8t algƒx]sf] lyPF„ ;fob ƒfd|f];Fu lgbfpg gkfPsf] w]ƒ} eO;s]sf] lyof] tƒ klg lgbfO;s]5'„ hj Ao"em]F låljwfu|‚t kl;g} kl;gf ePƒ Ao"em]F„ cF, d ToxL k|;Ëdf cfPF„ xf] d, To;lbg To;ƒL g} kl;gf kl;gf ePƒ Ao'FlemPsf] lyPF„ ;kgfdf d}n] ljZjf; uƒ]sf zflns, tfhdxn ƒ lznfn] sf] 7"nf] eGg] ljjfb uƒ]sf ƒx]5g\„ ljjfb ug]{ qmddf zflnsn] eGof] …x]ƒ, k[YjLsf dfgjx?n] dnfO{ b]jtf dfGb5g\ tfls 9'+ufnfO{ sF'b]ƒ zflns agfPƒ ;w}F ;w}F d]ƒ} glhs

cfPƒ claƒ nufpFb5g dnfO{„ To;}n] d 7"nf] x'F ltdLx? eGbf„ lsgls xƒ]s jif{ xƒ]s lbg d]ƒf] ;fd' cfPƒ ;a}n] km"n r9fPƒ hfG5g\„ dfgj hfltsf nflu dƒ]sf] 7fGb5g\ jf dfGb5g\ dnfO{„Ú To;kl5 kfnf] lyof] af]Ng] qmddf lznfsf]„ lznfn] eGof]– …x]ƒ dnfO{ t emg dflg;x? eujfgsf] ;fIfft ?k g} dfGb5g\„ gbLsf] tLƒaf6 NofPƒ eujfg lji0f' jf eujfg lzjsf] ;fIfft ?k dfg]ƒ k"hf ub{5g\„ k|To]s lbg 9f]u ub{5g\„ hn, cIftf, kfgL cflb r9fpF5g\„ To;}n] ltdLx? eGbf d g} 7"nf] x'F„Ú To;kl5sf] kfnf] lyof] tfhdxnsf]„ p;n] eGof]– …x]ƒ ;+;fƒsf ;fƒf dfgj k|f0fLx? d]ƒf] dxn cufl8 cfPƒ efj's aGb5g\„ o;} t d ;+;fƒsf] ;ft cfZro{ dWo]sf] Ps x'F„ dnfO{ k|]dsf] ?kn] x]b{5g\ xƒ]s k|]dLx?„ cf‚yf, ;b\ efj ƒ ljZjf;n] 9'Ëf–9'Ëf hf]8]ƒ dfgjn] dnfO{ eujfgsf] ?k lbP„ hxfF cf‚yf, ljZjf; ƒ ;b\ efj x'G5 ToxfF eujfgsf] jf; x'G5 – d ToxL x'F„Ú oL tLg ;Ddflgtsf] ts{ ƒ ljjfbn] sf] 7"nf] eGg] ljjfbdf pgLx?n] dnfO{ lg0f{o ug{ lgDTofPsf lyP, dfgf}+ d GofowLz x'F„ d}n] tLgdWo] PsnfO{ 7"nf] xf] eGg} kg]{ x'G5„ d;Fu oL tLgnfO{ 5'6\ofPƒ, xf]RofPƒ, 36fPƒ, a9fPƒ, r9fPƒ jf s'g} klg tlƒsfaf6 ‚tƒsf] dfqf 36fpg rfxGg lyPF„ ;a} ;a}df dfGo ƒ ;Ddflgt lyP tƒ klg d}n] lg0f{o ug}{ lyof]„ sf] k"Ho xf] o; ;+;fƒdf eGg] ljjfbn] pu|?k lng nfUbf cfkm" eg] clg0f{osf] aGbL alg;s]sf] lyPF„ Gofosf] Gofod"lt{ ag]sf] d, Gofo lbg ;lsƒx]sf] lyOg„ ljjfb} ljjfb lrRofx6n] d]ƒf sfgx? elƒPsf lyP„ o;}aLrdf d 7"nf] x'F eGg] lrRofx6sf] cfjfhaf6 d AoF"lemPsf] x'F„ ha Ao'Fem] ;kgf kf] b]lvƒx]5'„ clg ljkgfdf dgdg} ;f]r]F – cf‚yf ƒ ljZjf;sf nflu ;a} eujfg x'g\„ hxfF cf‚yf, ljZjf; ƒ ;dk{0f x'G5 ToxfF ;To x'G5„ efƒtLo ‚jtGq ;+u|fdsf dxfTdf ufGwLnfO{ efƒt ‚jtGq ePkl5 a]nfotL kqsfƒn] ;f]w]– eujfg eg]sf] s] xf] < pgn] eg] …;ToÚ g} eujfg xf]„ d]ƒf nflu oL tLg tTj cf‚yf, ;d{k0f ƒ ljZjf; x'g\, h'g cfkm}df ;To x'g\„ g slxNo} ;fgf 5g\ g slxNo} 7"nf„ csf]{ cy{df ;f]Rg] xf] eg] oL ltg} 9'+uf x'g\, h;nfO{ d >4fn] dflgƒx]sf] 5'„ To;}n] cf‚yf, ljZjf; ƒ >4fsf] 6f]sƒLdf e]b b]lvFbf] ƒx]g5 – olb Tof] ‚jR5 dgleq 5 eg]„ To;}n] Tof] e]b v'6\ofpg g;s]ƒ d Ao'Fem]sf] ƒx]5'„ oL tLg} lrh dfgj dgleq ePsf] eP g h]n g GofofwLz s]xL klg rflxFbf] ƒx]g5 – dgdg} ;f]r]F„ eujfgn] lbPsf] b[i6fGtk|lt gtd‚ts x'Fb} a]8df klN6PF„ -a]lNhod_ dfr{ @)!$

23


k'‚ts

3ƒdf l5ƒ]sf] v';L hgsClif ƒfO{ clxn] cfdfa'afsf] ?g] lbg ;dfKt kfƒ]ƒ n]vƒfh yfkf lhDd]jfƒ 5f]ƒf]sf] e"ldsfdf b]vfkƒ]sf] 5„ klxn]sf] t'ngfdf b}lgsL km]ƒ]ƒ pgL oftfoft If]qdf l6s6 a'lsªsf] sfd ulƒƒx]sf 5g\„ ;dod} wƒfgsf] a; ‚6\of08 lg‚sg' ƒ a]n'sL p;}uƒL ;dod} 3ƒ kms{g' pgsf] km]lƒPsf] gofF b}lgsL xf]„ cl3Nnf] ;dodf eGg d'l‚sn lyof] ls, n]vƒfh 3ƒaf6 lgl‚sPkl5 slxn] 3ƒ kmls{G5„ tƒ, pgL lhDd]jfƒLaf]w ;lxt ;fdflhs hLjgdf kmls{Pkl5 klƒjfƒ 9'Ss 5, sfd uƒ]ƒ 3ƒ kmls{G5 eGg] ljifodf„ gofF e"ldsfdf lhDd]jfƒL ;lxt cfPkl5 pgnfO{ ;dfhn] klg ‚jLsfƒ uƒ]sf] cj‚yf 5„ w]ƒ}n] clxn] n]vƒfhnfO{ x]ƒ]ƒ eGg yfn]sf 5g\, lhDd]jfƒL af]w ug{ ;lsof] eg] h;n] hxfF klg ‚yfg agfpg ;lsFbf]ƒx]5„ pgL cfkm}+ klg cfkm\gf] afƒ]df o;f] eG5g\ – æcfkm}n] cfkm}nfO{ lhDd]jfƒ agfof] eg] cfˆgf] st{Jo klg yfxf eOxfNbf] ƒx]5„Æ ;fFRr}, n]vƒfh nfu"cf}ifw k|of]usf] ;ft jif{kl5 3ƒsf] lhDd]jfƒ 5f]ƒf] ePƒ 3ƒ kmls{of]„ of] a]nf pgL klƒjfƒsf] cfly{s kf6f]sf] ;xof]uL ;d]t ag]sf 5g\„ nfu" cf}ifw k|of]uaf6 …slxn] klg gkms{g]Ú eg]ƒ xfƒ vfPsf pgsf cleefjsx? n]vƒfh ;fdfGo hLjgdf cfPkl5 7"n} kflƒjflƒs k|flKt ePsf] dfg]sf 5g\„ lsgls 3ƒsf efO pRr dfWoflds tx cWoog ulƒƒx]sf 5g\„ n]vƒfh ;fdfGo hLjgdf cfpg' klƒjfƒs} nflu klg k|flKt ePsf]n] g} pgnfO{ cfdfa'afn] eg]sf lyP – æ‚ofjf;\ 5f]ƒf, t]ƒf] eljio o;ƒL g} agf„ tF PSn} 5}g;\, t]ƒf] a'9L 5, gfgL 5„ ca t}+n] pgLx?sf] nflu afFRg'k5{„Æ cfdfa'afn] o;ƒL cflz{jfb;lxt lhDd]jfƒL af]w uƒfpFbf pgL klxnf] k6s eml‚sPsf lyP„ lsgls pgn] nfu"cf}ifw k|of]u ubf{ r6Ss} lal;{Psf] kf6f] eg]sf] pgsf] klƒjfƒ klg xf]„ pgL PSnf] lyPgg\, pgL;Fu >LdtL ƒ gfgLsf] eljio klg hf]l8Psf] lyof]„ of] ;a} lal;{Pƒ pgL nfu"cf}ifwdf nfu]sf lyP„ æem;+u ePF„Æ pgL eG5g\ – æd}n] ;f]+Rb} uPKl5 5fFufaf6 v;]h‚t} ePF„ d}n] hfgLhfgL g} d]ƒf] st{Jo e"n]sf] ƒx]5'„Æ tƒ, n]vƒfh ;xh} ;fdfGo hLjgdf cfPsf eg] xf]Ogg\„ tLg k6s t pgL pkrfƒ s]Gb|df a;]„ pgnfO{ x]Ssf 5, klxnf] k6s pgL )^$ ;fn r}tdf pkrfƒsf] nflu wƒfg l‚yt lsƒft ofSy'ª k'ghL{jg s]Gb| lsofr'_df a;]„ tƒ, pgL ToxfF a‚g ;s]gg\„ slƒa kGw| lbgsf] a;fOkl5 pgL efu]ƒ lgl‚sP„ o;kl5 bf];|f] k6s lsofr'd} )^% ;fn kmfu'gdf pkrfƒsf] nflu tLg dlxgf a;]„ pkrfƒ s]Gb|df a‚g' kg]{ k"0f{ ;do a;]ƒ 3ƒ kms{bf klg pgL km]lƒ nfu"cf}ifwdf nfu]„ bf];|f] k6ssf] c;kmntfkl5 pgL nfu"cf}ifwdf o;ƒL nfu] ls ca pgL …kms{g ;Sb}gÚ eg]ƒ l5d]sn] cg'dfg uy]{„ n]vƒfh cfkm}n] klg cfˆgf] hLjgaf6 xfƒ dfg]sf lyP„ To;}n] pgn] …dg]{ ƒx]5'Ú eg]ƒ 3ƒaf6 labf klg dfu]sf lyP„ p;n] 3ƒaf6 ljbf dfUbf eSsflgPƒ cfdf ƒf]Psf] clxn] klg la;]{sf 5}gg\„ n]vƒfhn] ljbf dfUbf eg]sf lyP – æcfdf d}n] of] h"gLdf s]xL klg ug{ ;lsg„ d ca rfF8} db}{5', csf]{ h"gLdf eg] tkfO{sf] c;n 5f]ƒf ePƒ tkfO{Fsf] ;'v b'Mvdf ;fy lbG5'„Æ 3ƒaf6 ljbf dfu] klg Ps k6s pkrfƒ a‚g] rfxgf uƒ]kl5 )^^ ;fn sflQsaf6 pgL ;ft dlxgfsf] nflu pkrfƒdf a;]„ To;kl5 eg] ;fFRr} pgL gofF hLjg lnPƒ 3ƒsf] cfFugdf b]vf kƒ]„ clxn] @^ jif{ k'u]sf n]vƒfhn] t]x| jif{sf] xfƒfxfƒLd} 5Fbf 6\ofan]6 vfPƒ gzfsf] ;'?jft uƒ]sf lyP„ ;fyLx?sf] b]vfl;vL uƒ]ƒ pgn] of] ofqfsf] ;'? uƒ]sf] cj‚yf lyof]„ tƒ, lgƒGtƒtf eg] lyPg„ a9\bf] pd]ƒ;Fu} 3ƒsf] cfly{s cj‚yf ;'wfg{ nfx'ƒ hfg] ;kgf b]v]kl5 pgL gzf;Fu clns glhs ePsf lyP„ pgn] tLg k6s nfx'ƒ hfg] sf]lz; uƒ], tLg k6s g} c;kmn eP„ of] c;kmntf e"Ng n]vƒfhn] nfu"cf}ifwsf]

24

dfr{ @)!$

;xfƒf lnP„ sf]7fsf] leQfdf …kN6g] x\of6Ú nufPƒ plePsf] nfx'ƒ] afh]sf] kmf]6f] b]v]kl5 n]vƒfhdf nfx'ƒ] x'g'sf] ƒxƒ hfu]sf] lyof]„ nfx'ƒ] x'g} kg]{df csf]{ sfƒ0f eg]sf] 3ƒsf] cfly{s cj‚yf klg lyof]„ afh] nfx'ƒ] eP klg cfly{s ?kn] ;dfof]hg ug{ g;Sbf a'afsf] kfnfb]lv g} 3ƒdf cfly{s ;+s6 lyof]„ pgL eG5g\, æafh] nfx'ƒ] eP klg xfdLdf cfly{s ;d‚of lyof]„ To;}n] klg d}n] nfx'ƒ]sf] ;kgf b]v]sf] lyPF ƒ 3ƒaf6 nfx'ƒ] x'g'k5{ eGg'x'GYof]„ tƒ, hltk6s sf]lzz uy]{ Toltk6s d]ƒf] …lƒhN6 km]nÚ x'GYof]„Æ …a'afsf] ;fdfGo hfluƒ lyof]Ú eg]ƒ klƒjfƒsf] cfly{s cfwfƒ atfP klg s] hfluƒ lyof] n]vƒfhn] eGg rfx]gg\„ a;\, olQ lyof] a'afsf] klƒ>dn] klƒjfƒ rlnƒx]s} lyof]„ slxn]sfFxL o‚tf] nfUYof] ls a'afsf] b'Mvdf ;fy lbpmF ƒ klƒjfƒsf] cfly{s ;|f]t klg ag'F„ of] ƒfd|f] ;f]rfO dgdf eP klg Jojxflƒs ?kdf slxn] ptfg{ ;s]gg\„ kmn‚j?k pgL efj's Hofbf ƒ Jojxflƒs sd eP„ a'afsf] b'Mv b]v]ƒ dgleq}af6 kL8f ePsf] atfpg] n]vƒfh cufl8 eG5g\, æcfly{s ;d‚ofnfO{ ;fdfGo hfluƒn] wfgL ƒxg' ePsf] lyof]„ xfdL cefjn] afFr]sf lyof}+, xfd|f] cefjnfO{ k'ƒf ug]{ vfnsf] sfd ug]{ 6«ofs g} d]ƒf] a'afn] e]6]sf] lyPg„ ƒ, klg xfdLnfO{ slxn] ef]s} ƒfv]g„Æ pgL a'afnfO{ ;+;fƒsf] dxfg ;fx;L dfG5]x?dWo] Ps 7fG5g\, h;n] h‚tf];'s} cj‚yfdf klg lxDdt xfƒ]gg\„ ƒ, rnfP kflƒjflƒs hLjgnfO{„ a'afsf] ;fdfGo hfluƒn] wfGg' kg]{ kfFrhgfsf] klƒjfƒ, clxn] cfkm}df cg'jfb uƒ]sf 5g\ – >LdtL ƒ Ps 5f]ƒfsf] b}lgs hLjg wfGg slt ufx|f] ƒx]5„ …d]ƒf] a'af u|]6 dfG5]Ú a'afnfO{ b'Mvdf ;fy lbg]x? To;a]nf geP klg klƒjfƒsf] 8'+ufnfO{ oxfF;Dd rnfPƒ NofPsf] a'afk|lt C0fL pgL eG5g\ –æcfly{s sfƒ0fn] a'afn] xfƒ vfO;Sg' ePsf] lyof] xf]nf, To;}n] pxfF clns hfF8ƒS;L vfg'x'GYof]„ ;fob, nfu]sf] lyof] xf]nf klƒjfƒsf] nflu hlt ubf{ klg ;lsg eGg] lyof] ls Û olQ x'Fbf klg d]ƒf] cfdfa'afn] xfd|f] cg'xfƒ x]ƒ]ƒ afFRg'eof]„ xfdLnfO{ pxfFx?n] nfkfƒjfxL 5f]8\g klg ;Sg'xGYof]„Æ k|]d ljjfx uƒ]ƒ Ps ;Gtfgsf a'af ;d]t e};s]sf n]vƒfh clxn] cg'dfg u5{g, æk|]ddf cfzf x'G5„ pgn] ;fob ToxL cfzf d]ƒf] hLjgdf


k'‚ts b]v] ƒ d;Fu ljx] uƒ]„Æ cfkm\gf] k|ldsf;Fusf] ljx]afƒ] o;ƒL atfpg] n]vƒfhn] >LdtLnfO{ ;ft jif{elƒ hLjgsf] s'g} cfzf b]vfpg ;s]g„ cfzf b]vfP cg';fƒ s]xL ug{ g;s]sf]df cfkm}nfO{ k|Zg u5{g\ ƒ 7fG5g\ …cfzf b]vfPƒ ckƒfw kf] uƒ]F ls ÛÚ cfkm"n] cfkm"nfO{ ckƒfwL 7flgƒxFbf ;hfosf] eflubfƒ eg] pgsL >LdtL eOg\„ n]vƒfhsf] 7DofFO{df >LdtLn] cfkm"nfO{ 5f]8]ƒ a}b]lzs ƒf]hufƒdf hfg' ;fFRr} g] pgsL dfofn' >LdtLn] guƒ]sf] ;hfosf] eflubfƒ x'g' xf]„ cfkm" pkrfƒsf] qmddf ƒxFbf ;fFRr} pgnfO{ dfof ƒ ;fGTjgfsf] vfFrf] lyof]„ ToxLa]nf pgsL >LdtL pgnfO{ 5f8]ƒ kflƒjflƒs eljio ;'lglZrt agfpg s'g} ;Nnfx guƒL ljb]z uPsL lyOg\„ pgL cfkm\gf] >LdtLsf] of] sfo{nfO{ cfkm"nfO{ ;'wfg]{ kf7sf] ?kdf lnPsf 5g\„ pgL eG5g\, æd pkrfƒdf x'Fbf dnfO{ yfx} glbO pgL ljb]z uOg\„ ;fob dnfO{ kf7 l;sfpg xf]nf„ d}n] of] s'ƒfnfO{ dgleq}af6 o;ƒL g} lnPsf] 5'„Æ pgnfO{ dfofsf] cefj ;f]xL ;dob]lv eof], clg nuftfƒ ;lDemƒxGy] gfgL, >LdtL, cfdfa'af„ of] ;Demgf nfu"cf}ifw lnbfF slxn] klg ePsf] lyPg„ To;a]nf g t gfgLsf] eljio ;DemGy] g t >LdtLsf] cg'xfƒ, h'g cg'xfƒn] cfkm\gf] lau|]sf] hLjg;Fu ;Demf}tf uƒ]sf] lyof]„ clxn] tL k'ƒfgf s'ƒfdf klƒjfƒleq cfkm\gf] pkl‚ylt s;ƒL kfpF5g\ t n]vƒfh, æd]ƒf] ultklt g} lyPg„ gfgL ;;'ƒfnLdf lyof], gfgLnfO{ 5'g dg nfUYof], af]s]ƒ 8'nfpg dg kYof]{ tƒ Tof] d]ƒ} sfƒ0fn] ;Dej lyPg„Æ nfu"cf}ifwaf6 5'6fpg >LdtLn] uƒ]sf] pkfox?nfO{ klg of] h"gLsf] pkxfƒ dfG5g\„ nfu"cf}ifw vfPƒ >LdtLsf] dfof ;Demb} n]v]sf 8foƒLx? pgsf To;a]nfsf pknAwL x'g\„ clxn] ToxL 8foƒL af]s]ƒ ;Nnfxsf ;fy >LdtL ljb]z uPsL 5g\„ >LdtLnfO{ k'¥ofpg n]vƒfh klg Poƒkf]6{;Dd k'u]„ >LdtL ljb]z uPklg clxn] kmf]g ;Dks{ ƒ b'Mv ;'vsf s'ƒf eOƒx]sf] 5„ nfu"cf}ifw k|of]usf] cj‚yfdf o‚tf] ;Dks{ ƒ Jojxflƒs ukm slxn] ePsf] lyPg„ ;fdfGo hLjgdf kms{g rf}ssf bfOx?n] uƒ]sf] ;xof]u, cfdfa'afsf] cflzjf{b ƒ l5d]sLx?sf] sfdgfnfO{ n]vƒfh wGojfb lbG5g\„ oL dWo] pgn] ;Demg] w]ƒ} gfd dWo] wƒfg–!& ƒTg rf}ssf bfO kj{t ƒfO{ x'g\„ …ca ;'w|G5'Ú eGg] s'ƒf dgaf6} knfPkl5 pgL pkrfƒdf hfg rfx]sf lyP„ tƒ, cl3Nnf] ;dodf pkrfƒsf] qmddf efu]sf] ƒ pkrfƒkl5 k'gM nfu"cf}ifwdf kmls{Psf] sfƒ0fn] pkrfƒ s]Gb|df nfgsf] nflu s;}n] l;kmflƒ; uƒ]sf] lyPg„ oxL cj‚yfdf hLjgk|ltsf] k|]ƒ0ff lbPƒ kj{t ƒfO{n] pkrfƒdf ;xof]u uƒ]sf lyP„ h'g ;xof]un] n]vƒfhnfO{ lhDd]jfƒ gfulƒs klg

agfof]„ pgL s;ƒL ;DemG5g\ t kj{t ƒfO{nfO{ – æd pkrfƒaf6 k6sk6s efu]klg pxfFs} ;xof]u ƒ k|]ƒ0ffdf d clGtd cj‚yfdf pkrfƒdf a;sf] lyPF„ Tof] pkrfƒkl5 g} d ;fdfGo hLjgdf kmls{g ;s]sf] x'F„Æ pgL ‚jLsf5{g\ kj{t bfOsf] of]ubfgn] pgn] ;a}vfn] ;DaGw kfP„ pgL eG5g\, ægzfn] nyflnË kflƒlbPsf] d]ƒf] JolQmut hLjgnfO{ ;'wfƒF], cfdfa'afsf] dfof kfPF„ >LdtL ƒ gfgLk|ltsf] st{JonfO{ a'em\g] ePƒ kmls{PF„Æ of] ;DaGwn] pgnfO{ slƒa cf7 dlxgf b'O{j6f ;+‚yfdf ‚jod\ ;]js ePƒ klg sfd ug]{ k|]ƒ0ff lbof]„ clxn] pgL wƒfg–sf7df8f}+ hfg] a; sfp06ƒdf sfo{ƒt 5g\„ pgL 7fG5g\ pgn] Ps} k6sdf ;dfh;Fusf] ;DaGw 6'6fPsf] xf]Og„ of] ;DaGw 6'6fpg slƒa ;ft jif{ nfu]sf] lyof]„ of] 6'6]sf] ;DaGw hf]8\g pgL Jojxflƒs ?kd} cfkm" ƒfd|f] ePsf] b]vfpg rfxG5„ clxn] ;dfhn] b]V5, n]vƒfh sfdaf6 kms{bfF knfl‚6ssf] emf]nfdf ;fu;AhL af]s]ƒ 3ƒ kms]{sf] s'ƒf„ tƒ, of] s'ƒf c?n] …tF ;'lw|;\Ú egf];\ eGgsf nflu xf]Og„ pgL eG5g\, æd cfkm' ;'lw|PF eg]ƒ ;'gfPƒ lxF8\lbg, d ;a} s'ƒf Jojxfƒn] b]vfpg rfxG5'„ d lxhf] 3ƒsf] ;fdfg lnPƒ ahfƒ lg‚sGy] a]r]ƒ gzf vfg tƒ cfh ahfƒaf6 tƒsfƒL af]s]ƒ 3ƒ kms{G5' klƒjfƒk|ltsf] st{Jo ;Dem]ƒ„Æ wƒfgdf hlGdPƒ wƒfg d} al;ƒx]sf n]vƒfh;Fu olta]nf ;du| ;ft jif]{ hLjgdf ef]u]sf] ;dLIffsf] Pp6f kf]sf] 5„ ;a} u'dfPsf kf]sf] ƒx]sf ;ft jif{ s‚tf] 5 t pgs} zAbdf, æTof] ;ft jif{n] d]ƒf] kflƒjflƒs ƒ ;fdflhs ;DaGw vf];]ƒ nlulbPsf] 5„ clxn] d]ƒf] hLjgk5fl8 x]g]{ xf] eg] z"Go 5„Æ ef}lts ?kn] afFr]sf] wƒfgsf] t8s e8s lhGbuL ƒ ;'vsf] vf]hLdf lgl‚sPsf] nfx'ƒ] ;kgfaLr n]vƒfhsf] lhGbuL t'lxPsf] lyof]„ ca t'lxg lbg] 5}g n]vƒfhn] cfkm\gf] klƒjfƒsf] ;kgf„ h;sf] nflu pm cfd dflg; ePƒ sfd ulƒƒx]sf] 5„ -wƒfgnfO{ nfu"cf}ifw d'Qm b]Vg rfxg] ;dfh;]jL efjgfåfƒf cf]tk|f]t ƒx]sf o'jf lgs]z lnDa" -xfn la|l6z ;]gfdf sfo{ƒt_åfƒf k|sflzt tyf kqsfƒ hgsClif ƒfO{ -rflDnª_åfƒf n]lvPsf] k'‚ts gofF hLjg af6 ;fefƒ_

Pal8{gdf hnjfo' klƒjt{gsf] k|efj Go"gLsƒ0f sfo{zfnf ‚s6Nof08÷Pal8{gdf klxnf] k6s g]kfnL ;d'bfoåfƒf hnafo' klƒjt{gsf] k|efj Go"gLsƒ0f ug{ ;Sg] e"ldsf ;DaGwL sfo{zfnfsf] cfof]hgf ulƒof]„ cu{gfO{h];g kmƒ g]klnh sNrƒ P08 j]nkm]oƒ -cf]Pg;L8An"_ n] cfof]hgf uƒ]sf] pQm sfo{qmddf jftfjƒ0f klƒjt{gsf] k|efj Go"gLsƒ0f ug{ g]kfnL ;d'bfon] ug{ ;Sg] lqmofsnfkx?sf] rr{f ulƒPsf] lyof]„ b}lgs hLjgdf laB't, Uof;sf] vkt sd ug{], ofqf ub{f sfƒ z]olƒª ug]{, klAns oftfoftdf hf]8 lbg], ;fOsnsf] k|of]u ug{], 3ƒdf uf8{]lgË ug{], vfB ;fdu|LnfO{ ˆofSg] sfo{ -km"8 j]‚6_ sd ug{ ;Sg] pkfox?sf] ;DaGwdf cGtƒlqmof ulƒPsf] lyof]„ sfo{qmddf jftfjƒ0fljb 8f=;f]xg l3ldƒ], sfa{g Go"gLsƒ0f sfo{qmdsf k|f]h]S6 Dofg]hƒ lbg]z yfkf, ;+‚yfsf ;x;lrj ;Gtf]if u}ƒ]n] jftfjƒ0f klƒjt{gsf] k|efj Go"gLsƒ0f ;DaGwdf k|sfz kfg{' ePsf] lyof]„ o‚t} lhƒf] j]‚6 ‚s6Nof08sf Sofƒ]g p8n] km"8 j]‚6n] cfly{s ƒ ko{fjƒ0fdf kfg{] k|efj ƒ o;nfO{ s;ƒL sd ug{ ;lsG5 eGg]

Aojxflƒs pkfosf] ;DaGwdf rr{f ug{' ePsf] lyof]„ sfo{qmddf ;+‚yfsf cWoIf lbk]z ƒ]UdLn] O{ghL{ ;]leª 6«‚6sf] ;xof]udf ;+rflnt O{sf]8f« Oleª tflndsf ;xefuLx?nfO{ k|df0f–kq ljtƒ0f ub{} wGojfb 1fkg ug{' ePsf] lyof]„ O{sf]8f« Oleª tflnddf uf8L rnfpFbf sd OGwgsf] k|of]u uƒ]ƒ sfa{g Go"gLsƒ0f ug{ ;lsg] tlƒsfx?sf] afƒ]df ;xefuLx?nfO{ k|of]ufTds ;Lk lbO{G5„ O{ghL{ ;]leª 6«‚6 o"ss ] f cg';fƒ of] tflnd kl5 cf};tdf

!% k|lt;t sd O{Gwg k|of]u x'G5 eg] o"ss ] f] cf};t sfƒdf jflif{s @%) kf}08 sd O{Gwg k|of]u ƒ cfwf 6g sfa{g8fOcS;fO8 sd pTkfbg x'G5„ sfo{qmddf slƒa rfln; g]kfnL 3ƒ–klƒjfƒsf] k|ToIf ;xeflutf ƒx]sf] lyof]„ ;fd'bflos sfa{g Go'lgsƒ0f of]hgf sfo{fGjogsf nflu ‚s6Nof08 ;ƒsfƒsf] SnÞfO{d]6 Rofn]~r km08n] cu{gfO{h];g kmƒ g]klnh sNrƒ P08 j]nkm]oƒ -cf]Pg;L8An"_ nfO{ ;xof]u k|bfg uƒ]sf] 5„ dfr{ @)!$

25


sdfO{sf] af6f] klg aGb} uPsf] jLo{ bfg aL s] kf08] k'?ifsf] sdhf]ƒLn] uef{wfƒ0f x'g g;s]sf] sfƒ0f lg;Gtfg ƒx]sf bDklQx?n] c?sf] jLo{ -‚kd{_ af6 k|fljlws 9+un] uef{wfƒ0f uƒfpg] k|yf clxn] ƒfd} k|rngdf ƒx]sf] 5„ klZrdL b]zx?df Psn dlxnfn] klg ;Gtfg hGdfpg kfpg] ePsf]n] bfg lbOPsf] jLo{af6 ;Gtfg hGdfpg]sf] ;+Vof lbgfg'lbg lgs} a9]ƒ uPsf] 5„ Pl;ofnL d'n'sx?df klg clxn] lg;Gtfg bDklQx? bfg lbOPsf] jLo{sf] ;xfƒf lng yfn]sf 5g\„ vf;uƒL efƒtdf clxn] jLo{bfg ug]{ ƒ lng]sf] ;+Vof Ps}rf]6L lgs} g} a9]sf] 5„ ljZj ahfƒdf 8]gdfs{sf gfulƒsx?sf] jLo{ Hofbf dg kƒfOg] ulƒPsf] 5„ o;sf] sfƒ0f xf], ƒfd|f] JolQmTj ƒ k9fO{ n]vfO{sf] pRr‚tƒ„ slƒj ljZjsf %) b]z 8]gdfs{af6 jLo{ cfot ug]{ u5{g\„ o;ƒL 8]gdfs{sf] jLo{ cfot ug]{ d'n'sdf kƒfUj], Sofg8f, s]Gof ƒ xªsª k|d'v x'g\„ jLo{bfg ug]{x? ;GtfgxLg bDklQx?sf] nflu Ps cfzfsf lsƒ0fx? x'g\„ tƒ sltko b]zdf o‚tf ljo{bftfx?sf] sdL ƒx]sf] 5„ h;n] ubf{ ;GtfgxLg bDklQx? ;Gtfgk|flKtsf] nflu bf];|f] b]zdf hfg] u5{g\„ ‚jL8]gdf !(^) df jLo{ bfg ug]{x?sf] gfd uf]Ko gƒflvg] sfg"g aGof]„ o;kl5 ToxfF jLo{bfg ug]{x?sf] ;+Vofdf lgs} w]ƒ} sdL cfof]„ clxn] ToxfF lg;Gtfg bDklQx?nfO{ jLo{sf] nflu 8]9 jif{;Dd s'g'{ kg]{ cj‚yfdf 5g\„ of] cj‚yfn] ubf{ clxn] ‚jL8]gsf w]ƒ}h;f] lg;Gtfg bDklQx? l5d]sL b]z 8]gdfs{ uPƒ uef{wfƒ0fsf] k|fljlws k|lqmof k'ƒf ug]{ ub{5g\„ 8]gdfs{df Psn dlxnfsf] klg cfdf aGg] clwsfƒ ƒx]sf] 5„ cd]lƒsf, Sofg8f ƒ sf]lƒofdf klg jLo{bfg ug]{x?sf] ;+Vof Psbd} sd ƒx]sf] 5„ jLo{bfgaf6 hlGdPsf] afnsdfly jLo{bfg lbg]sf] s'g} xs clwsfƒ ƒxFb}g„ tƒ hlGdPsf] jRrfn] !% jif{sf] pd]ƒkl5 p;n] rfx]df cfˆgf] h}ljs afa'sf] hfgsfƒL kfpg ;Sg] ldNbf]h'Nbf] k|fjwfg sltko d'n'sdf ƒx]sf] 5„ jLo{bfg lbg] afa'nfO{ aRrfsf] x]ƒljrfƒdf s'g} lhDd]jfƒL ƒxFb}g ;fy} p;n] cfˆgf] jLo{af6 hlGdPsf] aRrf;Fu e]63f6 ug]{ clwsfƒ klg kfpFb}g„ tƒ ckjfbsf] ?kdf cfoƒNof08df cbfntn] Ps ljz]if cj‚yfdf cfˆgf] jLo{af6 hlGdPsf] aRrfnfO{ e]63f6 ug]{ cg'dlt lbPsf] lyof]„ ‚jL8]g, gj]{, g]bƒNof08, la|6]g, l‚j6\ hƒNof08, c‚6]«lnof ƒ efƒtdf cfˆgf] klƒro n'sfPƒ jLo{bfg ug{ cg'dlt lbOFb}g„ hlGdPsf] jRrfn] !% jif{ pd]ƒ k'u]kl5 k|hgg s]Gb|df k'u]ƒ cfˆgf] h}ljs lktfsf] klƒro lng ;S5„ tƒ 8]gdfs{df h}ljs lktfn] cfkm"n] rfx]df

26

dfr{ @)!$

aRrfaf6 klƒro n'sfpg klg kfpF5„ lktf aGg' Ps lhDd]jfƒLk"0f{ sfd klg xf]„ o;sf] nflu cfly{s, ;fdflhs, ;f+‚s[lts y'k|} lhDd]jfƒLx? jxg ug'{kg]{ x'G5„ tƒ efƒtdf clxn] ljBfyL{x? lktf ag]ƒ sdfO{ klg ug{ yfn]sf 5g\„ vf;uƒL 7"nf ;xƒx?df of] lgs} km‚6fpFb} uPsf] 5„ ljBfyL{x? jLo{bfg uƒ]ƒ cfˆgf] ks]6 vr{ h'6fpg] ub{5g\„ jLo{ a}+sx? pgLx?sf] jLo{ lnPƒ Ps k6sdf Ps xhfƒb]lv b'O{ xhfƒ efƒtLo ?k}ofF lbg] ub{5g\„ a}+sx? cfOeLPkmsf] dfWodåfƒf aRrf hGdfpg rfxg] bDklQx?nfO{ oL jLo{ j]Rg] ub{5g\„ o;ƒL efƒtLo ljBfyL{x? h]avr{ klg h'6fpg] clg aRrfsf] afa' klg aGg] ub{5g\„ x'g t pgLx? afa' ag]sf] s'ƒfsf] s'g} sfg"gL ƒ ;fdflhs dfGotf klg ƒx]sf] 5}g ƒ ;fy;fy} pgLx?nfO{ cfˆgf] jLo{af6 hlGdPsf] aRrf sxfF 5 ƒ s‚tf] 5, Tof] klg yfxf x'Fb}g„ efƒtdf klxnf jLo{bfgaf6 ;Gtfg hGdfpg] s'ƒfsf] ;fdflhs ?kdf ljƒf]w x'GYof] tƒ klg clxn] k|ltli7t klƒjfƒdf klg of] ‚yflkt

nfUg ;S5„ olb ;a} kƒLIf0fdf vƒf] plqPdf p;af6 jLo{ lng] k|lqmof ;'? ulƒG5„ p;nfO{ jLo{ s;nfO{ lbOof] eGg] hfgsfƒL klg lbOFb}g„ tƒ jLo{bfg lng]jfnf JolQmn] eg] bftfsf] afƒ]df k'ƒ} hfgsfƒL lng rfxG5g\„ pgLx? hlGdg] aRrf ch}ljs lktf;Fu ldNbf]h'Nbf] xf];\ eGg] rfxG5g\„ jLo{bftfsf] k9fO{, n]vfO{ klg kQf nufpF5g\„ ;fy} ?k, ƒ+u, skfn tyf cfFvfsf] ƒ+usf] klg ToxfF dxTj ƒx]sf] x'G5„ sltkon] cfˆg} wd{sf] dflg;sf] jLo{ g} lng rfxg] x'G5g\„ jLo{bfgn] o'ƒf]k]nL d'n'sdf Tolt 7"nf] ;fdflhs ;d‚ofsf] ?k lnPsf] 5}g„ klƒjfƒ tyf ;dfhdf ljsf; ePsf] v'nfkgsf] klƒkf6Ln] ubf{ o'ƒf]kdf o‚tf] ePsf] xf]„ tƒ Pl;ofnL d'n's efƒt ƒ g]kfndf o;sf] ;fdflhs ;d‚ofx? cgluGtL ƒx]sf 5g\„ To;}n] k|fo jLo{bfg lng]x?n] of] sfo{ cToGt uf]Ko ƒfVb5g\„ w]ƒ}n] >Ldfg >LdtL afx]s klƒjfƒsf cGo ;b‚ox?nfO{ ;d]t yfxf lbPsf x'Fb}gg\„ aRrfn] kl5 uPƒ cfˆgf} h}ljs afa' cs}{ 5 eGg]

eO;s]sf] 5„ dx+uf] df]6ƒ afOssf] zf}v, un{k|m]08 agfPƒ d‚tL ug]{ ev{ƒ} ljsf; ePsf] klZrdL ;Eotf, xf]6n ƒ]‚6'ƒ]G6sf] vfgf ƒ a;fO{, lsdtL j‚t' tyf klxƒgsf sfƒ0f klg o'jfx? jLo{bfg ug{ clek|]lƒt ePsf 5g\„ lbNnL, d'DaO{, r]GgfO{, h‚tf ;xƒx?df k|Voft lzIf0f ;+‚yfx? 5g\„ logdf k9\g] ljBfyL{x? jLo{bfg ug{ lgs} 7"nf] ;+Vofdf hfg] uƒ]sf 5g\„ ptf k|hgg s]Gb|x? klg oL ljBfyL{x?nfO{ ljz]if k|fyldstf lbg] u5{g„\ h]xG] bfƒ tyf o'jf oL ljBfyL{x?sf] jLo{nfO{ pgLx?sf] u|fxsn] dg kƒfpg] klg ub{5g\„ jLo{ bfg ug]{ s'ƒf a'em\bf hlt ;lhnf] nfU5 tƒ bfg ug]{ s'ƒf Tolt ;lhnf] 5}g„ o;sf] dtnj k|hgg s]Gb|df k'Ug] clg bfg uƒ]ƒ k};f af]s]ƒ cfpg] eGg] dfq xf]Og„ jLo{bfgsf] nflu nfdf] k|lqmof k'ƒf ug'{k5{„ jLo{bfg ug]{x? PrcfO{eL, An8 ;'uƒ, x]kf6fOl6; aL ƒ ;L, dfgl;s l‚ylt ƒ c? ljleGg ƒf]ux?sf] kƒLIffdf plQ0f{ x'g' h?ƒL 5„ oL ;j} kƒLIf0f ubf{ # dlxgf;Dd

s'ƒf yfxf kfPsf] cj‚yfdf klƒjfƒdf ;fdflhs ;d‚of v8f x'g] s'ƒfdf Wofg lbPƒ g} of] sfo{ cToGt uf]Ko x'g] uƒ]sf] 5„ jLo{bfgaf6 eg] klg ;Gtfg hGdfpg] ljifodf ljZjdf ljleGg vfnsf kIf ljkIfdf ts{ ƒ jx;x? rn]sf 5g\ tfklg of] ljZjeƒ g} Ps k4ltsf] ?kdf al;;s]sf] 5„ emg Psn cfdfsf] dfGotf k|fKt d'n's ƒ n]lHaog dlxnfx?sf] nflu of] Ps ;Gtfgf]Tkfbg ug]{ dfWod aGg k'u]sf] 5„ ;fdfGotM xƒ]s b]zn] jLo{bfgaf6 ;Gtfg pTkfbg k|lqmofdf ljleGg lgodx? agfPƒ o;nfO{ Jojl‚yt ug{ vf]h]sf 5g\„ vf;uƒL o‚tf k|hgg Ph]G;Lx?nfO{ nfO;]G; lbg] ƒ lglZrt gLlt lgodleq afFWg] sfd klg ulƒPsf 5g\„ olb s;}n] nfO;]G; k|fKt Ph]G;Ldfkm{t guƒL ‚j]R5fn] jLo{bfg uƒ]df jRrfsf] kfngkf]if0f ug]{ lhDd]jfƒL pgLx?sf] sfFwdf ƒxg ;Sg] ePsf]n] clxn] w]ƒ}n] Ph]G;Ldfkm{t g} o‚tf] sfo{x? ug{ yfn]sf 5g\„


sljtf

dg ha b'O{ dg Pp6} wfuf]df plgG5g\ clg ;'Gbƒ dfnf aGb5g\ cgGt cfsf;df rËf em}+ kxf8 klg km'6fpF5g\ clt ulxƒf] ;fuƒ klg ;'sfpF5g\ ljzfn cfsf;] kmfF6 d?e"ldnfO{ klg ƒ;fpFb5g\ ƒËL ljƒËL km"nsf au}Frf;ƒL dudu a;fpF5g\ afWotfsf] wfuf]df pgLPƒ dg dlGbƒnfO{ ;hfpF5g\

xf]d ;'g'jfƒ -b;'rf_

tƒ s'g} s'g} dgx? Ps} wfuf]df plgPtfklg Pp6} af6f]df lxF8\g g;Sbf ljrƒf tL dgx? slt ql;t x'G5g\, clt ylst x'G5g\ slxn] cfuf]sf] Hjfnfdf bGbgL ;lNsG5g\ slxn] ;fpgsf] emƒL;ƒL ?emLƒxG5g\ slxn] dxfefƒt n8fO{sf kfq klg aGb5g\ o‚t} o‚t} b'lgofnfO{ cg]sf}+ gf6s b]vfpF5g\

slt cgf}7f] clt crDdsf] of] dg x;fpFg] ?jfpFg] gfgf lsl;d uƒfpg] oxL dg leGgf leGg} k|f0fLsf leGgf leGg} cfkm\g} dg tg ƒ wgnfO{ klg s;L nufpg] pxL dg PSnf] lhGbuLx?sf klg lsl;d lsl;dsf dg sf]xL ‚jtGq cfgGbsf ;fy PSn} ƒdfpg] ub{5g\ h;df bfz{lgs, j}1flgs, ;fw' ;Gt o‚t} y'k|} kb{5g\ sf]xL PSnf] hLGbuL Joy{ lhGbuL xf] eGg] ub{5g\

To;}n] cgGt of] dg cb[io of] dg ;w}F k|f0fsf] ;fydf 8'lnƒxg] of] dg ha k|f0f p8]ƒ st} hfG5 vf]qmf] zlƒƒnfO{ TofuL lbg] ofg] cfkm} ljlng x'g] s‚tf] crDdsf] of] dg ÛÛÛ

s'g} PSnf dg lhGbuL ;fy{s agfpg bf];|f] dgsf] rfxgf ƒ vf]hL ha ub{5g\ kfpg t kfpF5g\ To‚tf bf];|f] PSnf] dg tƒ yfxf x'Fb}g s‚tf 5g\ < dg leqsf dg

uhn dƒL d]6\5' eljiodf s]xL s'g} u5'{ egL, clgZrt of] e'jFƒLsf] …cfzÚ d]ƒf] d?e"ld„.

/d]z s]=;L= vfl8sf] …d nfx'ƒ] xh'ƒÚ jf;Æ d]ƒf] d?e"ld„ ;fF´, laxfg 6fNg' kg]{ …ufF;Ú d]ƒf] d?e"ld„.

lhpg' klg slt sl7g b'O{ rf]n] lhGbuLdf l´gf] cfzf, jfrf s;d …ƒf;Ú d]ƒf] d?e"ld„. afFrLa;] kmsL{ cfpF5' ;fy s'g} ;f}uft ;Fu s] eƒf];f ƒ lhGbuLsf] …nf;Ú d]ƒf] d?e"ld„. -c3f{vfFrL, xfn vf8L_

dfr{ @)!$

27


afn syf efO a}gL xf] Û clxn] ltdLx?;Fu l6eL 5, sDKo'6ƒ 5, ‚df6{ kmf]g h‚tf y'k|} s'ƒfx? 5g\„ tƒ xfdL s]6fs]6L 5Fbf xfdLnfO{ l6eL, sDKo'6ƒ, df]afon eg]sf] x'G5 eGg];Dd klg yfxf lyPg„ Toltv]ƒ ƒ]l8of];Dd ufpF3ƒdf kmf§km'§ kfO{GYof]„ tƒ oL ;a} s'ƒf geP klg ;fFemdf ;'Tg' cl3 xfdLnfO{ xh'ƒ af, xh'ƒ cfdfx?n] syf ;'gfpg] ug'{ x'GYof]„ cfh d Tolta]nf d}n] ;'g]sf] b'O{jf]6f syf oxfF ltdLx?sf] nflu ƒfVb} 5'„ Wofg lbPƒ k9 x}„

c?sf] enf] lrtfP cfkm\gf] klg en]f x'G5 vf]nfsf] b'O{ lsgfƒfdf cfFksf b'O6f af]6 lyP„ cfFk kmNg] df};ddf b'a} af]6df n6ƒDd cfFk kmNYof]„ af]6df cfFk x'Fbf;Dd laxfgb]lv ;fFem;Dd s]6fs]6L, tGg]ƒL ƒ a'9fa'9Lx¿ klg af]6d'lg em'lDdƒxGy]„ sf]xL emf]nf af]s]ƒ ?v r9y] ƒ kfs]sf] gkfs]sf] cfFk 5flg5fgL l6Ky]„ tƒ w]ƒ}h;f] dflg;x¿ auƒsf 9'+uf ƒ bfpƒfsf] em6fƒf]n] xfg]ƒ cfFk emfy]{„ o;ƒL cfFk emfbf{ kfs]sf]eGbf klg sfFrf ƒ; gk;]sf lrlrnf cfFk w]ƒ} v]ƒ hfGy]„ u'lnof] kmn lbg] u'lgnf] cfFksf] af]6nfO{ 9'+uf ƒ em6fƒf]n] xfg]ƒ xfFuf eflrlbg], sfFrf cfFk v]ƒ kmflnlbg] dflg;x¿sf] o‚tf] Jojxfƒ b]v]ƒ b'a} af]6x¿ b'vL x'Gy]„ tƒ pgLx¿ nfrfƒ lyP„ Ps ;fn klZrd lsgfƒfsf] af]6n] ;fx|} lbSs ePƒ k"jL{ lsgfƒfsf] af]6;Fu u'gf;f] kf]Vb} eGof], æo‚tf] ld7f] kmn kmnfpg] xfdLnfO{ 9'+uf ƒ em6fƒf]n] xfg]ƒ xfdLdfly dflg;x¿n] ;fx|} cGofo ug{ yfn]„ ca xfdL ls t kmNg} 5f8f}F, ls cldnf] kmndfq} kmnfcf}F„Æ p;sf] s'ƒf ;'g]ƒ k"jL{ af]6n] eGof], æx]ƒ efO Û cfFk kmnfpg' xfd|f] wd{ xf]„ ld7f] u'lnof] cfFk kmnfpg] xfd|f] u'0fnfO{ lsg Joy{df v]ƒ kmfNg] < hxfF;Dd 9+'uf ƒ em6fƒf] xfg]ƒ b'Mv lbg] s'ƒf 5 Tof] cf–cfˆgf] ‚jefj ƒ u'0f wd{ xf]„ dnfO{ t dflg;x¿ d]ƒf] 5xfƒLdf a;]ƒ cfFk r';Lr';L, xft rf6Lrf6L vfPsf] b]Vbf a8f] cfgGb nfU5„ pgLx¿n] cfFk l6Kg xfg]sf] em6fƒf] dnfO{ cfˆg} s]6fs]6Ln] ;fgf;fgf kOtfnfn] xfg]ƒ dfof uƒ]h‚tf]

nfU5„Æ b'O{ af]6sf] ;Nnfx ldn]g„ cfFksf] df};d cfPkl5 b'a} af]6df cfFk kmNof]„ klZrdsf] af]6df k"j{sf]df eGbf yf]ƒ} kmNof]„ cfFk kfSg yfn]kl5 dflg;x¿ klZrdsf] af]6sf] cfFk cldnf] ePsf] b]v]ƒ 5Ss} kƒ]„ k"jL{af]6sf] cfFk eg] klxn]h‚t} ‚jflbnf] lyof]„ dflg;x¿ k"jL{ af]6df em'lDdPƒ 9+'uf ƒ em6fƒf] xfg]sf] b]v]ƒ klZrdL af]6nfO{ cfkm"n] yf]ƒ} ƒ cldnf] cfFk kmnfPsf]df 7Ls} uƒ]5'h‚tf] nfUof]„ tƒ Tof] af]6df s;}n] lsƒf nfu]sf], s;}n] cfFvf nfu]sf] t s;}n] af]S;L nfu]sf] c8\sn uƒ]ƒ pkrfƒsf] nflu yf]qf k'ƒfgf h'Qf, km'6]sf xfF8L, yf]qf n'uf To;sf xfFufdf em'08\ofpg yfn]„ s;}n] af]6d'lg emfƒkft ƒ 3'ƒ a6'n]ƒ cfuf] afn]ƒ v';f{gL kf]n]ƒ w'FjfP„ cfFksf] af]6 emg b'MvL eof]„ s]xL lbgkl5 jiff{sf] df};d ;'? eof]„ af9L cfPƒ vf]nf lgSs} pln{of]„ b'a} af]6sf] km]bdf vf]nfn] xfg]ƒ af]6 g} 9Ng] 8ƒ eof]„ vf]nfdf kfgL s]xL 36]kl5 dflg;x¿ vf]nfsf] lsgfƒfdf cfFksf] af]6 jlƒklƒ e]nf eP„ pgLx¿n] tfƒhfnLx¿ NofP ƒ k"jL{ cfFksf] af]6nfO{ hf]ufpg af]6sf] jlƒklƒ hfnL ƒfv]ƒ To;leq 9'+uf eƒ]ƒ af]6nfO{ af9Ln] aufpg g;Sg] uƒL alnof] jfFw afFw]„ cldnf] kmn lbg] klZrdltƒsf] af]6nfO{ s;}n] klg jf‚tf uƒ]gg\„ ƒ, cGTodf Tof] af]6nfO{ af9Ln] aufof]„ efO a}+gL xf], o; syfn] s] 1fg lbg vf]h]sf] 5 eGg] afƒ]df kSs} a'em\of}} xf]nf„

Rof06] ƒ k'06]sf] syf s'g} Ps ufpFdf Rof06] ƒ k'06] gfpFsf pd]ƒ ldNbf b'O{hgf afns lyP„ ltgLx? b'j}sf] 3ƒ hDdf b'O{ tLg ldg]6sf] b'ƒLdf lyof] tL dWo] Rof06] cToGt ldhfl;nf] ƒ ;f]dltnf] lyof]„ pm xƒ]s s'ƒf ljrfƒ k'¥ofPƒ dfq af]Ng] uYof]{„ p;nfO{ lƒ; p7]sf] eGg] s'ƒf p;sf ;fyLefO, l5d]sL ƒ 3ƒklƒjfƒsf dflg;x?n] ;d]t slxNo} yfxf kfPsf lyPgg\„ Rof06]sf] o‚tf] c;n ‚jefjsf] sfƒ0f pm a'9fa'9Lb]lv ;fgf ;fgf;Dd cToGt Kofƒf] lyof]„ ptf k'06] eg] Rof06]sf] 7Ls pN6f] lyof]„ pm ljgfsfƒ0f hf];Fu klg emu8f ub{Yof]„ cfkm"eGbf ;fgf x'g\ ls 7"nf hf];Fu klg pm b'j{rg af]Ng] uYof]{„ ;fyLx?;Fu klg lagfsfƒ0f emu8f uYof]{„ To;}n] p;nfO{ s;}n] klg dg kƒfpFb}gy]„ k'06]nfO{ ufpFeƒL ;a}n] dg gkƒfPƒ 3[0ff uƒ] klg Rof06]n] eg] dfof ug]{ uYof]{„ k'06];Fu sf]xL p;sf pd]ƒ ldNbf bfF}tƒLx? v]Ng dfGb}gy]„ p PSnf] h‚t} lyof]„ tƒ Rof06] eg] k'06]nfO{ ;a}n] 3[0ff uƒ]sf]df b'Mv dfGb} ;s];Dd pm ;Fu g} v]Ng lg‚sg] uYof]{„ To‚tf] vƒfa k'06];Fu lx88'n uƒ]sf]df sltn] Rof06]nfO{ pm;Fu ;+ut

28

dfr{ @)!$

gug{ eGy] eg] sltn] rfFxL vƒfa ƒ c;n oL b'O{ kmƒs afnssf] aLrdf s;ƒL ldqtf eof] eg]ƒ crDd klg dfGy]„ Pslbgsf] s'ƒf xf] Rof06] ƒ k'06] v]Nb} hfFbf gbLsf] lsgfƒfdf k'u]„ b'j} hgf lsgfƒdf ƒx]sf] afn'[jfdf v]Ng yfn]„ v]Ng] qmddf k'06]sf] cfFvfdf afn'jf kƒ]5„ Tof] afn'jf p;sf] cfˆg} sfƒ0fn] kƒ]sf] lyof] tƒ p;n] Rof06]nfO{ bf]if lbFb} ufnfdf yKk8 xfGof]„ k'06]sf] yKk8 vfPƒ klg Rof06]n] xft kmsf{Pg„ a? cln kƒ afn'jfdf uPƒ …k'06]n] dnfO{ ufnfdf lk6\of]Ú eg]ƒ n]Vof]„ p;n] afn'jfdf Tof] n]v]sf] k'06]n] x]lƒƒXof]„ o;kl5 pgLx? gbLdf kf}8L v]Ng yfn]„ kf}8L v]Nb} hfFbf Rof06]nfO{ kfgLn] aufof]„ pm lrRofof]„ Rof06] eGbf k'06] kfgLdf v]Ng l;kfn' lyof]„ p;n] cfˆgf] ;a} ;Lk ƒ zlQm nufPƒ Rof06]nfO{ kfgLaf6 ptf¥of]„ h;n] s]xL ;do cl3 dfq ufnfdf lxsf{Psf] lyof] ToxL k'06]n] Rof06]sf] Hofg hf]ufof]„ o;ƒL k'06]n] Hofg arfO{ lbPsf]df Rof06]n] Pp6f 7"nf] 9'Ëfdf sf]tfƒL sf]tfƒL n]Vof] æk'06]n] d]ƒf] Hofg arfof]Æ„

s}n] afn'jfdf, s}n] 9'Ëfdf n]v]sf] b]v]kl5 k'06]sf] d'v{ lbdfudf o;sf] cy{ nfu]g„ To;kl5 p;n] Rof06];Fu o;sf] sfƒ0f ;f]Wof]„ Rof06]n] eGof] æx]ƒ k'06] Û ltdLn] klxnf dnfO{ yKk8 xfGof}, Tof] gƒfd|f] sfd lyof], To;}n] To;nfO{ afn'jfdf n]v]F„ Tof] s]xL ;dokl5 g} xfjfn] d]6L lbO{ ;Sof]„ kl5 dnfO{ ltdLn] arfPƒ ;fƒ} ƒfd|f] sfd u¥of}, To;}n] of] s}No} gd]l6of];\ eg]ƒ 9'Ëfdf n]v]sf]„ s;}n] klg gƒfd|f] sfd u¥of] eg] To;nfO{ hlt;Sbf] rfF8f] e'n]ƒ p;sf] c;n sfdnfO{ ;+emg] k|of; ug'{ k5{„ o;f] ubf{ To‚tf] dflg;Fu klg ;DaGw ƒfd|f] ƒxG5 eg] pm klg lj‚tfƒ} ;'w|g ;S5Æ„ Rof06]sf] of] s'ƒf ;'g]kl5 k'06] nfhn] Psbd} ƒftf] eof]„ p;n] Rof06]nfO{ eGof] – x]ƒ Rof06] Û d klg ca ltdL h‚t} x'G5'„ efO{ alxgL xf] Rof06]n] eg] h‚t} xfdL klg c? s;}sf] vƒfa sfdnfO{ la;{g] ƒ ƒfd|f] sfdnfO{ ;+lemƒxg] afgL a;fNof}F eg] xfd|f] ;dfh g} csf]{ x'g]5„ ;dfhdf d]nldnfk ƒ Pstf alnof] x'g]5„


afn ;+;fƒ

PUnfOg6fOg h]a ƒ afnaflnsfsf] clwsfƒ efO a+}gL xf], ltdLx?n] cfhef]nL afnclwsfƒsf] jfƒ]df w]ƒ} s'ƒfsfgL ;'Gg] uƒ]sf 5f}„ tƒ ltdLx? dWo] sltnfO{ afn clwsfƒsf] s'ƒf sxfFaf6 cfof] eGg] yfxf 5}g xf]nf„ ;g\ !(!$ b]lv ;g\ !(!* ;Dd ePsf] klxnf] ljZjo'4n] ;+;fƒdf 7"nf] wghgsf] Iflt eof]„ s}of}F afnaflnsfx? o'4sf] rk]6fdf kƒ]ƒ dƒ]„ s}of}F cgfy eP ƒ ckfË eP„ klxnf] ljZjo'4 ;lsP klg o;sf] c;ƒ afFsL g} ƒXof]„ ljZjo'4sf] sfƒ0f zƒ0ffyL{ ag]sf Ps cfd]{lgofnL klƒjfƒn] aRrfsf] afƒ]df eg]sf oL zAbx?n] ;g\ !(@! df hfFxf;'s} ƒ hf];'s}sf] dg 5f]of] „ TotL v]ƒ Ps lbbLn] cfˆgf] efO dbf{ o;f] eg]sL lyOg\ – …ef]nLkN6 laxfg x]bf{ pm af]Ng] ?g] s]xL guƒL ;'tL ƒx]sf] ƒx]5, pm dƒ]5„ xfdL v';L eof}F lsgls p;nfO{ v'jfpg] xfdL;Fu s]xL klg lyPg„Ú cfˆgf] lk|ohgsf] d[To'df v';L dgfpg' kg]{ cj‚yf ;[hgf uƒ]sf] lyof] o'4n]„ efO alxgLx?, ltdLx?n] g]kfndf b; jif{ rn]sf] u[xo'4sf] afƒ]df klg ;'g]sf xf}nf„ To; o'4df klg ;aeGbf a9L dfƒdf s]6fs]6L g} kƒ]sf lyP„ To; u[xo'4df klg ;of}F s]6fs]6L dƒ] eg] xhfƒf}F s]6fs]6Lx? cgfy ƒ ckfË eP„ o‚t} o'4, clgsfn, clzIff, ƒf]usf] dxfdfƒL

cflbsf] sfƒ0f ;+;fƒdf jfnjflnsfsf] b'u{tL ePsf] b]v]ƒ a]nfotsf] z|f]kzfoƒdf hGd ePsL PUnfOg6fOg h]jn] cfkm"nfO{ afnaflnsfsf] p4fƒdf ;dk{0f ulƒg\ „ pgL a]nfotsf] Ps ;DkGg klƒjfƒdf x'ls{PsL lyOg\„ klxnf] ljZjo'4sf] cGtltƒ hd{gL ƒ ci6«f] x+u]lƒog cy{tGq h'g nueu Wj‚t ePsf] lyof], o;n] ToxfFsf] nfvf}Fnfv aRrfx?nfO{ c;ƒ k¥of]„ oL b]zx?df ePsf] cfly{s gfsfaGbLsf] afƒ]df klg a]nfotdf ljƒf]w ;'? eof]„ oL ;a} b]v]ƒ

;g\ !(!( df a]nfotL hgtfsf] ;xeflutfdf Pp6f sf]if ‚yfkgf ulƒof] ƒ To;nfO{ …;]e b lrN8«]g km08Ú gfpF ƒflvof]„ o; sfddf PUnfOg6fOgn] cfˆgf] lbbL 8f]ƒf]yLsf] ;xof]udf g]t[Tj ulƒg\„ pgn] rnfPsf] afn arfp cleofgn] lj‚tfƒ} cGtƒf{li6«o ‚j?k lnof]„ o'ƒf]kdf zflGt x'Fb} hfFbf lj‚tfƒ} of] cleofg ljZjsf] c? d'n'sltƒ klg ;b}{ uof]„ ;g\ !(@% df afnsNof0f ;DaGwL cGtƒf{li6«o ;Dd]ng h]g]efdf eof]„ To;n] afn clwsfƒ ;DaGwL 3f]if0ff–kq tofƒ u¥of]„ o;} 3f]if0ff– kqnfO{ ƒfi6« ;+3 aGg' cl3sf] lnu ckm g];G;n] ‚jLsfƒ u¥of]„ oxL PUnfOg6fOgn] ;'? uƒ]sf] afnclwsfƒsf] cleofg ;g\ !(*( df ;+o'Qm ƒfi6« ;+3af6 afn clwsfƒ ;DaGwL dxf;lGwsf] ?kdf kflƒt ug{ ;kmn ƒXof]„ o;df !(# b]zn] x‚tfIfƒ ulƒ;s]sf 5g„ tƒ x‚tfIfƒL ƒfi6«dWo] s]jn ;+o'Qm ƒfHo cd]lƒsf ƒ ;f]dflnofn] cem} cg'df]bg uƒ]sf 5}gg \. afn clwsfƒsf]nflu cfˆgf] hLjg ;dk{0f uƒ]sL Pn]ª6fOgsf] %@ jif{sf] pd]ƒdf ;g\ !(@* l8;]Daƒ @& df d[To' eof]„ pgL dƒ]ƒ uP klg pgn] ;'? uƒ]sf] cleofg clxn] ljZjeƒ hLljt 5 eg] pgsf] ;lqmotfdf ‚yflkt ;]e b lrN8«]g clxn] ;+;fƒeƒ jfnjflnsfsf] sNof0fdf ;dlk{t ƒx]sf] 5„

rLgsf] ljzfn kvf{n

efO a+}gL xf], d cfh ltdLx?nfO{ rLgsf] Pp6f cfZro{sf] jfƒ]df atfpF5'„ ;+;fƒsf ljleGg cfZro{x?dWo] rLgsf] ljzfn kvf{nnfO{ klg lng] ulƒG5„ of] kvf{n x]bf{ afËf]l6Ëf] 8«fug h‚tf] b]lvG5„ ^&)) sLdL nfdf] o; kvf{n 8fF8fsfF8f kxf8 psfnf] cf]ƒfnf] d}bfg d?e"ld cflb ;a} vfn] e"efu kfƒ ub]{ km}lnPsf] 5„ slƒj @))) xhfƒ jif{sf] Oltxf; af]s]sf] of] kvf{n lrgLofFx?sf] Ps ko{6sLo cfsif{0f xf]„ olt nfdf] kvf{n v8f ug'{sf] p2]Zo TotL a]nf ko{6snfO{ cfslif{t ug'{ lyPg„ rLgdf ljleGg ƒfhf dxfƒfhfx? lyP„ ƒfhfx?sf] aLrdf ƒfHo lhTgsf]nflu 7"nf n8fOFx? x'g] ub{y]{„ n8fOF clxn]sf] h‚tf] ljsl;t 9fFrfsf lyPgg\„ ;a} n8fOF hldgaf6 g} n8\g' kYof]{„ To;}n] Toltj]nf ƒfhf dxfƒfhfx?n] cfˆgf] ƒfHo hf]ufpg lsNnf, kvf{n cflb agfpg] uy]{„ rLgsf] kvf{n klg lsg, xfg ƒ ldª ƒfhj+zåfƒf lgdf{0f ulƒPsf] xf]„ o;sf] lgdf{0fdf cfd hgtfx?, ;}lgsx? ƒ ljz]if uƒL y'gfdf ƒx]sf s}bLx?nfO{ k|of]u ulƒPsf lyP„ vf;?kdf eGg] xf] eg] o; ljzfn kvf{ndf cfd hgtfx?s} ƒut kl;gf leh]sf] lyof]„ of] kvf{n Ps}rf]l6 ag]sf] xf]Og„ o;sf] lj‚tfƒ ug]{ qmd kl5 kl5;Dd rnL g} ƒx\of]„ o;sf] rf}8fO{ $=% b]lv ( ld6ƒ;Dd 5 ƒ prfO{ &=% dL6ƒ;Dd 5„ rLgdf o; kvf{nnfO{ lnPƒ y'k|} ls+jbGtLx? ƒx]sf 5g\„ oL lsj+bGtLx?n] o;sf] lgdf{0fsfnsf ;fdflhs cj‚yfx? afƒ]df yfxf kfpg ;lsG5„ Pp6f ls+jbGtLx? cg';fƒ Pshgf rLgLofFnfO{ ƒfhfn] ;hfo lbPƒ s}bL agfP„ pgnfO{ klqmPƒ NofpFbf pgsL kTgLn] km]lƒ e]6

x'g] ljZjf;sf ;fy ljbf uƒ]sL lyOg\„ tƒ ƒfhfn] pgnfO{ ToxL kvf{n agfpg] sfddf nu]„ pgsf] ToxLF d[To' eof]„ pgsL kTgL d]Ë hLofªg' cfˆgf] kltnfO{ e]6\g egL ToxL kvf{n agfOƒx]sf] 7fpFdf k'lug\„ ToxfF cfˆgf] kltsf] d[To' ePsf] yfxf kfPkl5 pgL otL ƒf]Og\ ls Tof] ljzfn kvf{n g} elTsof]„ of] ls+jbGtLdf ;Totf s] 5 eGg] s'ƒf gfKg' eGbf klg of] kvf{n agfpFbf s}bLnfO{ k|of]u ulƒPsf] s'ƒfnfO{ o;n] atfpF5 eg] csf]{ltƒ cfˆgf] kltsf] d[To' kTgLsf] nflu Pp6f c;x\o l‚ylt xf] eGg] s'ƒf klg atfpF5„ efO a+}gL xf], xfdL h‚t} dflg;sf] ƒut kl;gfn] tofƒ ePsf] ;+;fƒs} ;aeGbf 7"nf] of] lhljt ;+ƒrgfnfO{ hf]ufpg clxn] sl7g x'Fb} uPsf] 5„ jftfjƒ0fLo k|efj ƒ dflg;x?sf] a9\bf] rfkn] klg o;nfO{ c;ƒ kfƒ]sf] ;DalGwt lj1x? atfpF5g\„ nf} t efO a}+gL xf], ;do ldnfPƒ o;nfO{ x]g{ ge'n x}„ dfr{ @)!$

29


‚jf‚Yo

dw'd]x ƒf]usf] dxfdfƒL ljZjeƒ

dw'd]xnfO{ wgL tyf ;xƒLof cN5Lx?sf] ƒf]u elgGYof]„ clxn] klg g]kfnsf] u|fld0f If]qdf t of] cem} Tolt 7"nf] ;+Vofdf 5}g„ tƒ ;xƒLsƒ0fsf] sfƒ0f ;xƒdf a9\g uPsf] hg;+Vofn] ubf{ of] ƒf]u Ps 7"nf] r'gf}lt ag]ƒ b]vf kƒ]sf] 5„ a]nfotdf ƒx]sf g]kfnLx? hf] zfƒƒLs >d, s;ƒt jf lxF88'n ub}{gg\, pgLx? cToGt xf]l;ofƒ x'g' h?ƒL 5„ pgLx?n] o; ƒf]uaf6 aRg cfkm\gf] zfƒƒLs ultljlw a9fpg' h?ƒL 5„ o;sf] cnjf vfglkgdf klg xf]l;ofƒL ckgfpg' h?ƒL 5„ vfglkg ƒ zfƒƒLs >dsf] cefjdf a9\g hfg] df]6fO{n] dw'd]xnfO{ lgDTofpg] ;+efjgf ƒxG5„ dw'd]x gxf];\ eGgfsf] nflu ;dod} xf]l;ofƒL uƒf}F cGoyf o;n] afr'~h]n lbg] x}ƒfgLsf] sfƒ0f kl5 k5'tfpg' kg]{ 5„ To;}n] ƒfd|f] hLjgz}nL ƒ ;xL 9+usf] vfglkgtkm{ Wofg lbcf}F„

phf{nfO{ lrGg ;s] ƒf]u nfUgaf6 aRg ;lsG5 gu]Gb| g]DafË

Ps cg';Gwfgdf kfOPsf] 5 ls ljut # bzsdf dw'd]x -lrgL ƒf]u_af6 kLl8t jo‚s dflg;x?sf] ;+Vof bf]Aaƒ x'g k'u]sf] 5„ ljZjeƒ #% sƒf]8 dflg; o; ƒf]uaf6 kLl8t 5g\„ Nof;]06 gfdsf] klqsfdf 5flkPsf] s]xL cl3sf] Ps cg';Gwfg cg';fƒ of] ;+Vof klxnf cg'dfg ulƒPsf] eGbf w]ƒ} xf]„ Ps cfs8f cg';fƒ b'O{ ;fn klxnf ulƒPsf] cg'dfg eGbf dw'd]x ƒf]uLsf] ;+Vof ^ sƒf]8 a9L lyof]„ ;+;fƒdf ;aeGbf w]ƒ} dw'd]xsf] laƒfdL 5g\„ rLgdf klg of] ƒf]u a9\g] qmddf ƒx]sf] 5„ efƒt ƒ rLgdf dfq !$ sƒf]8 dflg;x? dw'd]xsf ljƒfdL 5g\ eg] cd]lƒsf ƒ ?;df uƒL slƒj # sƒf]8 &% nfv laƒfdLx? 5g\„ efƒtLo Pzf]l;P;g ckm 8folal6hsf] egfO{nfO{ dfGg] xf] eg] t efƒtdf of] cToGt eofjx ?kdf ƒx]sf] 5„ ;f] Pzf]l;P;gn] efƒtdf @) k|ltzt dflg;nfO{ 8foljl6h ePsf] hgfPsf] 5„ ljZj ‚jf‚Yo ;+u7g ƒ u]6\; kmfp08]zgsf] d2taf6 ulƒPsf] clxn];Dds} k|efjsfƒL ƒ Jofks s]xL jif{ cl3 ulƒPsf] Ps cg';Gwfgdf #) nfv dflg;sf] ƒutsf] gd'gf lnOPsf] lyof]„ h;sf] cfwfƒdf ljZjeƒ ƒx]sf dw'd]x ƒf]uLx?sf] afƒ]df ljleGg tYox? ;+sng ulƒPsf] lyof]„ cg';Gwfgstf{x?n] of] ƒf]u ca s]jn wgL b]zdf dfq kfOg] ƒf]usf] ?kdf gƒxL ljZjeƒ km}lnPsf] ƒ ‚jf‚Yo If]qdf hfg] ah]6sf] 7"nf] af]em aGg] klg lg‚sif{ lgsfn]sf lyP„ cg';Gwfgstf{x?n] dw'd]xsf] ƒf]u o;ƒL a9\g'df &) k|ltzt sfƒ0f hg;+Vof j[l4 ƒ cfo' j[l4 ƒx]sf]] tƒ #) k|ltzt sfƒ0f dflg;df df]6f]kg a9\g' ƒx]sf] kQf nfu]sf] atfPsf lyP„ ljsl;t b]zdf dfq xf]Og clxn] ljsf;f]Gd'v b]zx?df klg dflg;sf] vfglkgsf] tf}ƒ tlƒsf ƒ hLjg z}nLdf klƒjt{g cfPsf] 5„ h;n] ubf{ zfƒƒLs >d, s;ƒt, lxF88'n cflb sd x'Fb} uPsf] 5„ klƒ‚s[t tyf s[lqd vfgfx? clxn] dflg;sf] k|d'v cfxfƒ aGg k'u]sf 5g\„ ljZjeƒ w]ƒ}h;f] dflg;nfO{ 6fOk–@ lsl;dsf] dw'd]xn] ;tfPsf] 5„ h;sf] d"n sfƒ0f unt hLjg z}nL ƒ unt vfglkg g} xf]„ dw'd]xsf] sfƒ0f x[bo3ft, d'6';DaGwL ƒf]u, d[uf}nf tyf ‚gfo' nufot cfFvfdf klg ƒf]u nfUg ;S5„ Ps cg'dfg cg';fƒ ljZjdf xƒ]s jif{ #) nfv dflg;sf] dw'd]xsf] sfƒ0f d[To' x'g] ub{5„ g]kfnLx?df dw'd]x ƒf]u cfheGbf s]xL bzs cufl8 vf;} ;d‚ofsf] ?kdf lyPg„ u|fld0f If]q hxfF dflg;x?sf] zfƒƒLs ultljlw pRr ?kdf x'GYof] tyf k|fs[lts ‚j‚ysƒ vfgf vfGy], ToxfF of] d'lZsnn] km]nf kYof]{„ ufpFsf] bfFhf]df ;xƒdf cln a9L lyof]„ To;}n] g]kfndf klg

30

dfr{ @)!$

dgf]qmflGt k|jt{s

;lhj k|f0fL xf];\ jf lghL{j a‚t' k|To]s a‚t'df phf{ vfFlbPƒ a;]sf] x'G5 cyf{t\ ;[i6L phf{n] g} ;'rf? eOƒx]sf] x'G5„ phf{ eg]sf] zlQm xf]„ zlQmnfO{ OghL{ klg elgG5„ h‚t} k[YjLdf 3fd kfgL xfjf OghL{ x'g\ eg] 3ƒleq klg lah'nLsf] nfOg UofF;sf] kfOk ƒ kfgL hf]l8Pƒ cfPsf] x'G5„ To‚t} xfd|f] hLjg ;'rf? x'gsf] nflu cGg, kfgL ƒ xfjfsf] cfjZostf kb{5„ oL afx]s zlQmsf ;|f]tx? ltj| OR5f ƒ rfxgf, k|]d, s?0ff, efjgf, ;Ddfg, ;flxTo, snf ƒ k|z‚t 1fg g} xf]„ cem phf{nfO{ ‚ki6 kfg{sf nflu of] sndnfO{ bf}8fO ƒxFbf cfheGbf @% jif{ cufl8 @)$% ;fnltƒsf] sxfnL nfUbf] Ifl0fs ;do cgfo;} k‚sg dg nfluƒx]sf] 5„ cNnfƒ] hLjg xfF‚g] gfFRg] ufpg] ƒxƒ lnPƒ d]nf ahfƒ elƒGYof]„ uf]hLdf k};f] eg] x'Fb}gYof]„ pRr lzIff xfFl;n uƒL ;kmn gfulƒs ag]ƒ b]z ƒ hgtfsf] ;]jf ug]{ rfxgf x'Fbfx'Fb} ljb]z 3'Dg klg kfOg] ƒ ;DklQ cfh{g klg x'g] ePsf]n] xËsË zxƒ x]g]{ OR5f ltj| hfu]ƒ cfof]„ k|;+u phf{ltƒ kmsf}{+„ @)$% ;fn ebf} # ut] ljxfg % ah]ƒ $% ldg]6 hfFbf cfˆg} afh]n] agfPsf] ƒftf] df6f]n] kf]t]sf] 3ƒ l;s'jfdf d‚t lgGb|fdf lyPF„ d]ƒf cfdf p7L ;s]sL lyOg\„ lbbL alxgLx? 3ƒleq nxƒ} ;'ltƒx]sf lyP„ crfgs s's'ƒ ljƒfnf] ?g sƒfpg yfn]„ To;kl5 Ps cgf}+7f] cfjfh ;'? eof]„ sf]qmf]df gfgL xNnfP h‚t} d ;'t]sf] vf6 xlNng yfNof]„ yfxf eof] e'sDk„ h'?Ss} xfd kmfn]ƒ 3ƒleq 9f]sfaf6 leq ;''ltƒx]sf klƒjfƒx?nfO{ aflxƒ lg‚sgnfO{ lrRofO{ g} ƒx]„ s'g wlt{, s'g cfsfz 3ƒsf] cj‚yf l5gl5gdf n8]ƒ t];f]{, 7f8f] x'g] qmd hfƒL lyof]„ hLGbuL d[To'sf] d'vdf„ 3ƒaf6 kfƒL d'Q'ƒfd eGg] leƒdf 9'+ufx? nl8ƒx]sf lyP„ 9'+uf 9'+ufsf] 3if{0fdf cfuf]sf] Hjfnfx? pTkGg eOƒx]sf] lyof]„ pHofnf] x'Fb} uof] & ah]sf] ;dfrfƒdf ƒ]l8of] g]kfnn] km'Sg yfNof]„ b]zsf] ljleGg 7fpFdf wg hgsf] Iflt ePsf] b'Mvsf] ;dfrfƒ l5d]sL ufjL; lrlnª\bLgdf dfq !! hgfn] Hofg u'dfPsf lyP $% ;fnsf] e'sDkdf„ tTsfnLg ƒfhf ljƒ]Gb| ƒ ƒfgL P]Zjo{sf] ;jfƒL rNof] lrlnªbLg uflj;df„ of] Pp6f g]kfnL hgtfsf] nflu b'Mv nfUbf] lbg lyof] b}jL k|sf]k„ oxfFaf6 yfxf x'G5 ls b}jLo zlQmsf] kl5 s;}sf] s]xL nfUb}g„ 9'+uf 9'+ufsf] 3if{0fdf cfuf]sf] Hjfnf pTkGg x'g' g} 9'+ufleq klg phf{ ƒx]5 egL aem\g ;lsG5„ o;ƒL g} xfd|f] zlƒƒ leq klg ckfƒ zlQmx? ;'z'Kt cj‚yfdf ;'ltƒx]sf x'G5g\„ Tof] zlQm k|fKt ug{sf nflu lgoldt of]u Wofg ;fwgfsf] cEof; ug'{kb{5„ ha zlQm k|fKt ulƒG5, zlƒƒdf xNsf dx;"; x'G5„ ƒf]ux? xƒ0f x'Fb} hfG5g\„ dgdf v'zLsf] jxfƒ 5fpFb} hfG5„ v'zL ƒ cfgGb g} afFRgsf] ;xL cy{ x'g hfG5 cyf{t\ v'zL ƒ cfglGbt JolQmnfO{ l;ltldlt ƒf]un] 5'Fb}g„


v]n

dx]z clwsfƒL oltv]ƒ b]z lqms]6do ePsf] 5„ xƒ]s ljZjsk k'm6an kmfO{gn rNbf g]kfndfq} xf]O{g ljZjeƒg} c;+Vo km\ofg km"6ansf] qm]hdf pGdQ ƒx]sf] xfdLn] b]v]s}, ;'g]s} xf]„ tL km\ ofgnfO{ rfx] cfkm\gf] ƒfi6« ljZjsk kmfO{gn l6ddf kg]{ #@ ƒfi6«x?dWo]sf] xf];\ jf gxf];\„ pgLx?sf] cfkm\gf] ;dy{gsf] ƒfi6« To;df kƒ] k'U5– ƒdfpgsf nflu„ olb cfkm\gf] ƒfi6« dft[ƒfi6« – xfdL u}ƒ g]kfnLsf nflu_ kƒ] t s'ƒf] cnUu} e}uf] gkƒ] klg xfdL km\ofgnfO{ v]n rn] k'U5„ ljZjsk km"6andf Pl;ofaf6 # jf w]ƒ}df $ ƒfi6«n] dfq k|j]z kfpF5g\ tƒ elgG5 – ækm"6ansf km\ofg ;a}eGbf w]ƒ} Pl;ofd} 5g\„Æ rlr{t v]nf8L 8]la8 a]SXofdsf] ;'gsf] zflns yfO{Nof08sf] 7"nf] a'4 dlGbƒdf a'4 ;Fu} k|lt‚yfkg ulƒPsf] 5„ o;af6 klg a'em\ g ;lsG5 pgsf] qm]h yfO{ km"6an km\ofgdf slt w]ƒ} 5„ ;g\ @))# lƒon Dofl8«8 Snadf cg'aGw eP nuQ} a]SXofdsf] Pl;of e|d0fsf ;dodf hfkfgLx?n] pgsf] lƒon Dofl8«8 Snjdf nufPƒ v]Ng] h;L{ æa]SXofd–@#Æ sf] laqmLsf] lslt{dfg cfh;Ddsf] ;a}eGbf a9L dflgG5„ km"6ansf km\ofg Plzofdf hlt w]ƒ} 5g\, blIf0f Plzofdf lqms]6sf km\ofg Tof] eGbf w]ƒ} 5g\„ ljZjsk lqms]6df efƒt, >Ln+sf tyf kfls‚tfglagfsf] ljZjsk nueu c;Dej dflgG5„ O{ª\Nof08sf] ƒfli6«o v]n lqms]6 xf];\ jf cli6«]lnofnfO{ lqms]6sf] ƒfhf g} dflgof];\ jf cg]sg ƒ]s8{sf lsª j]i6 O{l08og a|fog nfƒf blIf0f Pl;og lsg gxf]pg\, efƒt– kfls‚tfgaLrsf] rLƒ k|rlnt lqms]6 v]n jf efƒt–>Ln+sfaLrsf] k|lt‚kwf{n] ljZjsf lqms]6 km\ofgnfO{ pd+usf] e"t g} ;jfƒ uƒfO{lbG5„ g]kfnLx?n] 6L–@) ljZjskdf Oltxf;d} klxnf] k6s k|j]z kfpg'n] g]kfnL lqms]6 km\ ofgsf nflu oltv]ƒ ;a}eGbf v'zLsf] If0f ag]sf] 5„ o;n] b]znfO{ Ps l9Ssf agfpgsf] ;kmn ePsf] 5„ ƒfhgLltsf] ƒ+uafx]s s]xL b]Vg ƒ ;'Gg gkfPsf g]kfnLx?n] lqms]6df b]lvPsf] Psdt ƒ b]zleq ƒ aflxƒ ƒx]sf g]kfnLaLrdf b]lvPsf] v'zLn] Ps kj{h‚t} agfO{lbPsf] 5„ v'zL afF8\g] ƒ cfkm\g} b]zsfnflu klxnf] k6s v]ndfkm{t ƒdfpg] cj;ƒ lbPsf] 5„ o;cl3sf ljZjsk ƒ cGo k|lt‚kwf{x?df efƒt, kfls‚tfg, cli6]«lnof ƒ O{ª\Nof08df ljeflht x'g] g]kfnL

lqms]6n] g]kfnLdf NofPsf] pGdfb lqms]6 km\ofgx? cfkm\gf] b]zsf nflu Ps l9Ssf ePsf 5g\„ a+unfb]zdf xfn rlnƒx]sf] lqms]6df g]kfnn] uƒ]sf] k|bz{gn] ljZjsf ;a} lqms]6k|]dL km\ofg, v]nf8L ƒ k|lzIfsx?sf] Wofg g]kfnL 6Lddf lvRgsf nflu kof{Kt dfqfdf ;kmn klg ePsf] 5„ g]kfnn] klxnf] k6s k|j]z kfPƒ p;n] ;d"xrƒ0fdf b]vfPsf] k|bz{gnfO{ cfh lqms]6ljbx?n] pRr bhf{sf] dfg]sf 5g\ ƒ 5f]6f] cjlwdf g]kfnsf] of] ;kmntfnfO{ awfO{ lbPsf 5g\„ en} g]kfnn] c+ssf cfwfƒdf aƒfaƒL agfP ƒ ;d"x P sf] ljh]tf cfof]hs ƒfi6« a+ufnfb]z;+u ƒgƒ]6sf cfwfƒdf bf];|f] x'g'n] aflxlƒof], ckmuflg‚tfg tyf xªsªnfO{

6f]nLn] uƒ]sf] of] k|bz{gnfO{ Oltxf;n] ;fob} la;{g]5„ cfh;Dd g]kfndf lqms]6sf] ƒfli6«o d}bfg;Dd aGg ;s]sf] 5}g„ cfh g]kfnL 6f]nLsf] of] ;kmntfn] o;sf km\ofgnfO{ dfq ttfPsf] 5}g, a? l;+uf] b]znfO{ g} hfu?s agfPsf] 5„ lqms]6sf afƒ]df kq–klqsf, km];a's, l6\j6ƒ, 3ƒ, klƒjfƒ, ;fyLefO{ dfq} xf]Og ;8sb]lv ;bg;Dd ttfPsf] 5„ b]zsf] ljsf; x'gnfO{ ;a} If]qnufot v]nIf]qsf] ljsf; klg clt g} h?ƒL 5 eGg] o;n] b]vfPsf] 5„ b]zsf ;kmn Jojf;foLju{ dfq oL v]nf8Lx?nfO{ k'ƒis[t ug{ nfnflot 5}gg\, a? ljleGg ;+3–;+‚yf nufot g]tf tyf ;j{;fwfƒ0f gfulƒs klg

zfgbfƒ ?kdf xƒfPƒ cfkm\gf] Ifdtfsf] ƒfd|f] k|bz{g uƒ]sf] lyof]„ ;d"x rƒ0fsf] v]ndf g]kfnn] a+unfb]z;+u xfƒ a]xf]g'{n] ƒ ƒgƒ]6df k5fl8 kg'{n] g]kfn ;d"xrƒ0faf6 k|j]z kfpg ;s]sf] lyPg„ g]kfnsf] of] k|bz{gn] g]kfnL 6f]nLsf] k|bz{g ljZj lqms]6 hutdf cfkm\gf] gfd bh{ ug'{ t lyof] g} tƒ g]kfnL 6f]nLsf] of] k|bz{gn] k|ltof]lutfsf] ;'kƒ 6]gdf kg{ ;d]t ;kmn eof]„ 6Ldsf] k|bz{g ck]Iff uƒ]eGbf pTs[i6 ƒx]sf] lyof]„ o;ƒL g]kfnsf] cltg} ;Lldt ;|f]t ƒ ;fwgsf afjh'b klg of] k|bz{gnfO{ Ps sf]z] 9'+ufsf] ?kdf lng ;lsG5„ a+ufnfb]zdf g]kfnL

o;df ;xefuL eO{ƒx]sf 5g\„ lxhf] ‚s"ndf uPƒ ƒfd|f] k9\nf eGg] 5f]ƒf] lqms]6sf] Aof6 lnPƒ ;fyLefO;Fu lxF8]sf] 5f]ƒfnfO{ lalu|of] eGg] cfdfx?nfO{ klg 5f]ƒfn] kfPsf] k|;+;f ƒ jfxjfxLn] dg v'zL agfPsf] 5, pgsf] v]nk|ltsf] wfƒ0ff ablnPsf] 5„ ePsf jf x'g] uƒ]sf xƒ]s 36gfnfO{ ƒfhgLlts ƒ+u lbPƒ x]lƒg] ƒf]un] u|l;t 5 g]kfn„ lqms]6 v]nf8Lx?n] kfPsf] ;kmntfnfO{ pbfxƒ0f agfPƒ cGo If]qdf klg cfh} ;f]Rg' h?ƒL ePsf] 5„ lqms]6sf] of] pbfxƒ0fLo ;'?jftnfO{ lgƒGtƒtf lbg g;s] of] cfhsf] v'zL olQd} ;Lldt ƒxg ;S5„ dfr{ @)!$

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