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May 2014, Year 2, Issue 08

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May 2014 (year 2, Issue 08)

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13


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14

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x'g\„ cf}krflƒs lzIff vf;} gePsf jfdb]j Tolta]nf;Dd cToGt vƒf] ldhf;sf, n8fs' ‚jefj ePsf ƒ c8fg ƒfVg ;Sg] g]tfsf] ?kdf ‚yflkt ePsf lyP„ ax'kIfLo 1fg geP klg dfS;{jfbsf] cWoogdf pgL cf};tdf c? g]tfx? aƒfaƒ g} lyP„ pgsf] ;jeGbf 7"nf] sdhf]ƒL eg]sf] cfkm'n] h] a'em] ToxL g} ;To xf] eGg] ;f]r xf]„ of] ;f]rsf sfƒ0f pgsf sfƒ0f sltko sfo{stf{x? sfƒjfxLdf kƒ]sf klg lyP„ ;fdfGo af}l4s ‚tƒ ePƒ klg )$^ ;fnkl5 kf6L{sf] h'g x}l;ot k|fKt ug{ pgL ;kmn eP o;sf] sfƒ0f pgdf clt dXTjfsf+Iff hfUg yfNof]„ dxfsfnL ;lGwnfO{ e¥ofª agfPƒ pgn] cfkm\gf] ƒfhgLlts x}l;ot cem pRr agfPƒ Toltv]ƒ Pdfn]leq ƒx]sf] ƒfi6«jfbL wfƒsf] g]tf aGg k'u]„ jf‚tjdf pgL Pdfn]sf cGo g]tf eGbf kmƒs 9+usf] ƒfi6«jfbL lyPgg\„ of] pgsf] cj;ƒnfO{ bf]xg uƒ]ƒ ƒfhgLlts j[lQ ljsf; ug]{ ƒ0fgLlt dfq lyof]„ pgL kbsf] nflu dlƒxQ] xfNg] k|j[lQ af]s]sf JolQm klg x'g\„ lsgls pgn] kf6L{ km'6fpFbf h'g ƒfhgLlts d'2f b]vfPsf lyP, Tof] ;a} gSsnL lyP„ pgn] sf+u|];;Fu ;ƒsfƒdf ;xefuL x'g] ;xdlt sfod uƒ]ƒ dfq kf6L{ km'6fPsf lyP„ tƒ of] s'ƒf cfkm\g} ;xsdL{ g]tfx? tyf sfo{stf{x?nfO{ yfxf lyPg„ kl5 ha of] s'ƒf yfxf eof] w]ƒ} sfo{stf{x?n] pgn] agfPsf] g]skf dfn] klƒTofu uƒ]„ o;kl5 ePsf] cfd r'gfjdf jfdb]jsf] zdf{gfs kƒfho x'g k'Uof]„ pgLleq ƒx]sf] cj;ƒjfbL rlƒqn] ToxL kf6L{ rnfPƒ a‚g] ƒ ƒfi6«jfbsf] em08f pRr kfg]{ lxDdt ug{ ;s]g„ To;}n] pgL km]lƒ cj;ƒsf] v]tLdf xlƒofnL Nofpg Pdfn]df g} kmls{P„ Pdfn]df pgL ;+‚yfkg kIf;Fu g} ;fF7ufF7 ub}{ cfkm\gf] cj;ƒjfbL v]tLdf xlƒofnL NofOƒfVg ;kmn eP„ slƒa $ dlxgfcl3 pgLleq ƒx]sf] cj;ƒjfbn] pgnfO{ csf]{ cj;ƒsf] vf]hL ug{ k|]lƒt uƒ] cg';fƒ ƒfhgLlts hLjgeƒ slxNo} ;fldKotf sfod x'g g;s]sf csf{ g]tf s]kL cf]nLsf] SofDkdf k|j]z uƒ]ƒ km]lƒ pkk|wfgdGqL aGb} t];|f] k6s u[xdGqfno xTofpg ;kmn eP„ cj;ƒsf] kmfObf lng h] h‚tf] sfd ug{ klg kl5 gkg]{ jfdb]jsf] nflu s]kL ;d'xdf k|j]z ug'{sf] csf]{ sfƒ0f klg ƒx]sf] 5 – Tof] xf] s]kLsf] ‚jf‚Yo l‚yltsf] sfƒ0f Tof] ;d'xsf] k|d'v g]tf aGg kfpg] cj;ƒ„ pgL clxn] Tof] cj;ƒsf] nflu tfgfjfgf a'Ggdf tlNng ƒx]sf 5g\„ jfdb]jsf] SofDk klƒjt{gn] jf‚tjdf nfdf] ;do;Dd pgL;Fu ƒx]sf clwsf+z g]tf tyf sfo{stf{x?sf] jfdb]jk|ltsf] e|d lgjfƒ0f ePsf] 5„ h;n] ubf{ lxhf] pgsf] bflxg] xftsf] ?kdf ƒx]sf g]tf tyf sfo{stf{x?n] pgnfO{ klƒTofu uƒ]sf 5g\„ pgsf] log} k|j[lQsf] sfƒ0f jfdb]jsf] ƒfhgLlts ktgsf] ;'?jft ePsf] eGg' ca cTo'QmL x'g]5}g„ Pdfn] clwj]zg ;'? x'g slƒj Ps dlxgf afFsL ƒx]sf] 5„ clxn] s]kL cf]nL ;d'x ƒ dfwj

g]kfn ;d'x uƒL b'O{ v]dfdf g]tf sfo{stf{x? dflyb]lv tn;Dd lrƒf kƒ]sf 5g\„ ;d'xut e]nfx? x'g yfn]sf 5g\„ dxflwj]zgnfO{ ;}4flGts cfjƒ0f lbPƒ sDo'lgi6 sd{sf08 ug{ b'a} ;d'x kl5 kƒ]sf 5}gg\„ tƒ of] ;}4flGts sd{sf08n] xfƒ hLtdf s'g} c;ƒ kfg]{ b]lvPsf] 5}g„ 8gx?, 8nƒjfbLx?, ef?jfbLx?sf] rnv]nsf sfƒ0f dxflwj]zgdf s;n] lhTg] xf] eGg] lgSof}{n ug{ ;lsg] l‚ylt cem} ag]sf] 5}g„ cf]nL ;d'x k|rfƒdf cfqmds b]lvPsf] 5 eg] dfwj g]kfn ;d'x ƒIffTds ƒx]sf] 5„ hgjuL{o ;+u7gx?df cf]nL ;d'x alnof] b]lvPsf] 5 eg] kf6L{ ;+u7gx?df dfwj g]kfn ;d'xsf] ƒfd|} l‚ylt ƒx]sf] 5„ ;ƒsfƒdf Pdfn]sf] tkm{af6 g]t[Tj ulƒƒx]sf jfdb]jsf] nflu klg of] dxflwj]zg cToGt r'gf}tLk"0f{ x'g k'u]sf] 5„ To;n] ubf{ pgsf s[ofsnfknfO{ dfwj ;d'xn] klg cToGt lguƒfgL ƒflvƒx]sf] 5„ dfwj ;d'xsf g]tf sfo{stf{ s]kL cf]nL eGbf klg jfdb]j;Fu a9L ?i7 ƒx]sf 5g\ h;n] ubf{ pgL;Fu hf]l8Psf xƒ]s k|sƒ0fdf pgL lg;xfo h‚t} aGb} uOƒx]sf 5g\„ jfdb]jnfO{ v'nfd~raf6 e|i6frfƒL 3f]if0ff ug]{ k|bLk g]kfn clxn] jfdb]jsf] ;Nnfxsfƒ x'g k'u]sf 5g\„ pgn] klg jfdb]jsf] kIfdf af]n] em}F uƒL ;fƒdf jfdb]jdfly g} k|xfƒ uƒ]ƒ ut xKtf ;~rfƒ dfWoodf cleJolQm lbg r's]gg\„ olb Pdfn]leq o‚t} ƒfhgLlts ljsf;qmd sfod ƒx]df jfdb]j s]kL cf]nLn] lht] klg xfƒ] klg xfF; g as'Nnfsf] l‚yltdf k'Ug] ;+efjgf b]lvPsf] 5„ cj;ƒsf] pkof]u ub}{ clxn];Dd ƒfhgLlts v]tLdf xlƒofnL Nofpg ;kmn eOƒx]sf jfdb]jsf] v]tLdf ca 7"nf] v8]ƒL kg]{ ;+efjgf a9]ƒ uPsf] 5„ pgL;Fu nfdf] ;xsfo{ ulƒƒx]sf g]tf sfo{stf{x? h;n] pgnfO{ clxn] cfPƒ klƒTofu uƒ]sf 5g\ pgLx? jfdb]jnfO{ dxflwj]zgdf xƒfpgsf] nflu klg sDdƒ s;]ƒ nfu]sf 5g\„ l9nf] rfF8f] jfdb]j k|j[lQ Pdfn]leq klƒrt x'g cfPsf] 5 ƒ pgsf] ƒfhgLlts ktgsf] ;'?jft ePsf] 5„ ptf Pdfcf]jfbLn] klg ƒfi6«Lo ;Dd]ngsf] sd{sf08 ;s]ƒ b'lgofF x;fpg] sfd k'ƒf uƒ]sf] 5„ o;}uƒL ;Dd]ngkl5 klg s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf ;b‚ox? yk, kf]ln6 Jo'ƒf], kbLo lgjf{rg h‚tf csf]{ sd{sf08sf] clego klg ;lsPsf] 5 tƒ klg s'g} g]tf ;'wfƒpGd'v b]lvPsf 5}gg\„ ;du|df g]kfnsf k|d'v ƒfhgLlts kf6L{x?sf] ljutsf] sfnf] Oltxf; km]lƒ km]lƒ klg bf]xlƒg] qmd ƒf]lsg] ;+efjgf b]lvPsf] 5}g„ s'g} klg kf6L{ ƒ g]tfx?df cfkm\gf] hLjgz}nLnfO{ hgtfn] rfx] cg';fƒ agfpg] ;f]r knfPsf] 5}g„ hgtfdf k'gM lgƒfzf 5fpg yfn]sf] 5„ of] ;+ljwfg;efn] klg cfd hgtfsf] ;xdlt ƒxg] vfnsf] ;+ljwfg agfpg] ;+efjgf Psbd} sd ƒx]sf] 5„ h;n] ubf{ g]kfnsf] ƒfhgLltn] s'g km8\sf] dfƒ]ƒ ;xL 6«ofsd cfpg ;S5 eGg] s'ƒf cem} cGof]ndf ƒx]sf] 5„


d] @)!$

15


g]kfn tyf a]nfotsf] ;dfrfƒ ƒ cGo ljljw ;fdfu|Lsf] nflu s[kof x]g'{ xf]nf M

16

clk|n @)!$


Tier-1 cfj]bg

ƒ clkn ljBfyL{ (Tier-4) cfj]bg ƒ clkn Points-Based System(PBS) sf klƒjfƒx? lemsfpg kƒ]df EEA sf NON-EEA klƒjfƒsf cfj]bg ƒ clkn la|l6z gfulƒstf tyf 6«fen 8s'd]G6 cfj]bg la|l6z tyf ;]6N8 gfulƒssf klƒjfƒ lemsfpg' kƒ]df kflƒjflƒs tyf lalhg]z lelh6ƒ (Visitor) le;f cfj]bg ;a} k|sfƒsf clknx? (First Tier Tribunal to Court of Appeal) le;f ;dfKt ePƒ cf]eƒ‚6] (Overstay) ePsfx? OGe]i6ƒx? (Investors) ƒ pBdLx? (Entrepreneurs) lalhg]zsf nflu (Tier-2) ‚kf]G;ƒlzk nfO;]G; ƒ Tier-2 jf]s{ kƒld6 (Work Permit) cfj]bgx? &, !) ƒ @) jif{ a;f]jf; (Long Residence) cfj]bg Over 18 dependent children of Ex-Gurkhas

;+lhj sfsL{ Fax ‚ 0207 831 0001

clk|n @)!$

17


uLt÷sljtf

uLt efUo vf]Hb} ef}tflƒFbf cfkm}nfO{ xƒfP5' nf} g d]ƒf cfkmGt xf], d]ƒf] vf]hL ulƒb]p„ b]pƒfnLsf] psfnLdf aƒ lkkn ;fyL x'Gy] bf]af6f]df cndn kƒ] ;]tf lxdfnnfO{ r'Gy]F aƒ lkkn lxdr'nL 5}gg\ oxfF s'g} 5]p nf} g d]ƒf cfkmGt xf], d]ƒf] vf]hL ulƒb]p„

ƒfhs'dfƒ >]i7

ckm\gf] b]z h‚tf] slxNo} kƒb]z x'Gg ƒx]5 ƒut g} b]pm lgrf]ƒ]ƒ dg s;}sf] 5'Gg ƒx]5 sf]xL lrg] h‚tf] nfU5, x'Ggg\ tƒ k'Ubf 5]p nf} g d]ƒf cfkmGt xf], d]ƒf] vf]hL ulƒb]p„ efUo vf]Hb} kƒb]zdf cfkm}nfO{ xƒfP5' nf} g d]ƒf cfkmGt xf], d]ƒf] vf]hL ulƒb]p„ -@* d]O{ @)!$, n08g_

sljtf

xf]8afhL ;8sdf ;jfƒL ;fwgsf xf]8afhL ;8sdf c?eGbf cfkm" cufl8 s6\g] cj;ƒdf 7"nf uf8Ln] af6f] 5f]8\g} dfGb}gg\ ;fgf ;fwgx? ;xL af6f]df lxF8\b}gg\

xf]d ;'g'jfƒ

dxËf rfnsx? bfFof afFof x]b}{gg\ ;fOsn df]6ƒ;fO{snjfnfn] s;}nfO{ 6]b}{gg\ a6'jf af6f]sf] lar}af6 jfƒLkfƒL ub{5g\ rfnsx? xltofƒsf] ?kdf xg{ k|of]u ub{5g\ af6f] s;sf] uf8Lsf] ls dflg;sf] < uf8L s;sf] rfnssf] ls dflnssf] < yf]qf] af6f] ;a} eG5g\ d]ƒ} xf] g]tf eG5g\ gofF af6f] d}n] agfPsf] ;8s ljefu 6'N6'nL x]b{5 sfnf]] kTyƒdf afn'jf km]b{5 ufO{a‚t' klg af6}df xuL lbg] h;n] kfof] p;}n] 7uL lbg]

18

d] @)!$

w]ƒ} rfns ofq'nfO{ 7Ub5g\ sf]xL ofq' rfnsnfO{ a]Rb5g\ 5Ss kg'{ 5 b]v]ƒ Tof] xf]8jfhL g]kfndf t g t]n 5 g aG5 ƒ]nuf8L lbSs nfU5 xf]8afhL b]]v]ƒ uGtJod} gk'lug] of] ;8s 6]s]ƒ uf8L rNbf ;a} 7fpF 6«flkms hfd af6f] v'Nbf k]6«f]nn] uf8L hfd k]6«f]n v'Nof] kf6L{sf] rSsf hfd yfxf 5}g s;nfO{ ;f]Wg] stf hfFp ;'Gg' kg]{ htftt} hlxn] lg hfd}hfd s'ƒf] ldNof] eGg' dfq} aGb}g s'g} sfd


t]x|y'd lhNnf >Lh'ª 3ƒ eO{ xfn u|]z o"s] a‚b} cfpg' ePsf xfd|f sflhdfg n'Dkm'ª\jf -lnDa'_ tyf >LdtL ldgfs'dfƒL lnDa"sL 5f]ƒL ;'>L ;'lagf n'Dkm'ª\jf -lnDa"_ ldz g]kfn @)&! sf] ljh]tf x'g' ePsf]df jxfFnfO{ xflb{s awfO{ 1fkg ub}{ pHjn eljiosf] d+undo z'esfdgf JoQm ug{ rfxG5f}F„

>L v]d a= n'Dkm'ª\jf cWoIf

n'Dkm'ª\jf ;dfh o"s] tyf ;Dk"0f{ n'Dkm'ª\jf ;dfh klƒjfƒ d] @)!$

19


xfdLn] xfd|f ;]jfx?nfO{ clwstd k|fyldstf lbg] uƒ]sf 5f}F„

20

d] @)!$


d] @)!$

21


o'ƒf]k

zzL kf}8]n

;+;fƒeƒsf hgtf ljsNksf] vf]hLdf 5g\, jfdkGyL zlQmx?n] ljsNk lbg ;lsƒx]sf 5}gg\„ o‚tf] cj‚yfdf hf] h;nfO cem klg jfdkGyL zlQmk|lt ljZjf; 5, pgLx?n] jfdkGyL zlQmx?nfO ef]6 v;fn], of t 3ƒ} a;]„ tƒ hf] h;n] jt{dfg ;ƒsfƒsf lj?4 cf}Fnf 78\ofpg rfx] pgLx?n] gfOhn ƒ ln k]gnfO{ 5fg]„ kf]Nof08sf dtbftfx?sf] lgl‚qmotf, k|mfG; ƒ a]nfotsf] lgjf{rg klƒ0ffdn] pQm ts{nfO dnhn lbg] dfq geO{ lbgsf] 3fd hlQs} 5n{+u kfƒ]sf] 5„ o;k6ssf] o'ƒf]lkog o'lgogsf] ;+;bsf] lgjf{rgdf ;f];n 8]df]qm]6x? xNsf cufl8 a9]sf 5g\ eg] sGhƒe]l6ex?sf] u7aGwg kf6L{ o'ƒf]lkog k|m\ofS;g hg kf6L{n] ut lgjf{rgsf] t'ngfdf s]xL l;6 u'dfP klg klxnf] 7"nf] kf6L{sf] bhf{ eg] u'dfpg' kƒ]g„ tƒ o'ƒf]ksf 7'nf ƒ zlQmzfnL d'n'sx?df eg] clt blIf0fkGyLx? o'ƒf]lkog ;+;bleq bƒf] pkl‚ylt hgfpg ;kmn ePsf 5g\„ oBlk o'ƒf]keƒsf jfdkGyLx?n] ut @))(sf] lgjf{rgsf] t'ngfdf ;ft l;6 yk xTofpg ;kmn ePsf 5g\„

22

d] @)!$

a]nfotdf pu| blIf0fkGyL kf6L{ o'lsk o'gfO6]8 ls+u8d OlG8k]G8]G6 kf6L{_ alnof] aGg ;kmn ePsf] 5 eg] k|mfG;df clt blIf0fkGyL kf6L{ k|mG6 g]zgln‚6n] cGo kf6L{x?n] eGbf a9L ef]6 NofPƒ k|mfG;sf] ;+;bnfO ca xNnfOlbG5f}F eGb} ƒfi6«klt k|mfF‚jfF cf]nfFnfO cl;gf kl;gf agfPsf 5g\„ dflƒg n] k]g-km|fG;sf] clt blIf0fkGyL kf6L{ g]zgln‚6 k|mfG;sL g]t[_, cn]lS;;\ l6«‚kf6,-lu|;sf] clt jfdkGyL kf6L{ l;k|f;sf g]tf_ clg a]k]g lu|nf] -O6fnLsf] l;4fGtlalxg kf6L{ kmfOe ‚6fƒ d'ed]G6_ ƒ

gfOh]n kmƒfh, a]nfotsf] pu| blIf0fkGyL kf6L{ o'lsk -o'gfO6]8 ls+u8d OlG8k]G8]G6 kf6L{_sf AolQmx? ha o'ƒf]lkog o'lgogsf] ;+;b leq k‚g ;kmn x'G5g\ ƒ ƒfhgLltnfO{ clt pu|tfltƒ ws]Nb} n}hfG5g\ eg] ;du| ;dfh ;ts{ x'g' kb{5„ olb k|mfG;sf] ƒfhgLltsf] s'ƒf ug]{ xf] eg] k|mfG;sf] Oltxf;df of] eGbf b'v nfUbf] cj‚yf s] x'g;S5 < of] lgjf{rg klƒ0ffd k|mfG;sf nflu c7fƒf}F ztfJbLdf k|mfG;df ƒfhtGqsf] ;dfKtLkl5 cyjf k|mfG; ƒ]e'n];gkl5 ePsf] ;dfhjfbL cfGbf]ngdf cfPsf] r'gf}tL dfGg'


o'ƒf]k kb{5„ dflƒg n] k]gn] ca k|mfG;sf] ;+;b xNnfpg] wDsLk"0f{ cleJolQm k|s6 ulƒ;s]sL 5g\„ oBlk pgL k|mfG;sf] ;+;bsf] lgjf{rgdf ljhoL geO{ o'ƒf]lkog o'lgogsf] ;+;bsfnflu ljhoL ePsL x'g\„ pgsf] kf6L{ k|mG6 gfl;cf]gfn o'ƒf]lkog ;+;bsf] lgjf{rgdf k|mfG;df klxnf] kf6L{ ag]sf] 5 eg] jt{dfg ;QfwfƒL kf6L{n] kGw| k|ltzt ef]6 k|fKt ug{ ;s]g„ hd{gLdf klg pu| blIf0fkGyL kf6L{n] ;ft l;6 k|fKt uƒ]sf 5g\„ tƒ hd{gLsf] ;QfwfƒL kf6L{x?n] b'a}sf] uƒL ^# k|ltzt dt k|fKt uƒ]sf 5g\„ o'ƒf]lkog o'lgogsf] lgjf{rgnfO ;du|tfdf x]g]{xf] eg] cfzf eGbf a9L lgƒfzf b]vf kƒ]sf] 5„ t]ndf cfuf] nfu] h‚t} ;du| o'ƒf]kdf 88]nf] nfu]sf] 5„ o;k6ssf] lgjf{rgdf dtbftfx?sf] pkl‚ytL leGg leGg ƒxg k'Uof]„ kf]Nof08sf sltko dtk]l6sf lƒQ} kms]{„ a]lNhodsf sltko dtk]l6sf eg] c6; d6; eP„ krxQƒ k|ltzt eGbf a9L dt v;]ƒ ToxfFsf sGhƒe]l6e kf6L{ ƒ ;f];n 8]df]qm]l6s kf6L{sf g]tfx? eg] k|km'Nn d'bfdf l6eLsf] Sofdƒf ;fd' plePsf lyP„ o‚t} hd{gL hxfFsf] Oltxf;df g} sd dtbftf pkl‚yt x'g] dflgG5 ToxfF klg em08} krf; k|ltzt dt v‚of]„ kf]Nof08 o'ƒf]lkog o'lgogsf] sfG5f ;b‚ox? dWo]sf] Ps xf]„ o;n] ;b‚otf lnPsf] bz jif{ k'ƒf ePsf] 5}g„ o; k6s o;n] o'ƒf]lkog o'lgogsf] ;+;bsf] r'gfjdf bf];|f] k6s ef]6 v;fn]sf] xf]„ kf]Nof08 o'ƒf]lkog o'lgogleq kf]i6 sDo'lgi6 leqsf] Pp6f zlQmzfnL ƒfHo dflgG5„ ƒ, o;kfnL kf]Nof08af6 jfdkGyL zlQm cu|k+QmLdf cfpg] cg'dfg ulƒPsf] lyof] tƒ To;f] x'g ;s]g „ lsgeg] Ps kIfsf cg';fƒ jfdkGyL zlQmx?n] dtbftf klƒrfng ug{ g;s]sf] ƒ csf]{ ts{ o'qm]gsf] jt{dfg ;d‚of klg lhDd]jfƒ ƒx]sf] atfOG5„ ƒfhg}lts ljZn]ifsx?sf cg';fƒ o'qm]gsf] cfGtlƒs dfdnfdf clxn] o'ƒf]lkog o'lgogn] v]n]sf] o'qm]gL lj?4sf] ƒfhgLlt lhDd]jfƒ ƒx]sf] atfpF5g\„ kf]Nof08sf] blIf0f klZrdL ;Ldf o'qm]g;+u hf]l8Psf] 5„ Toltdfq gePƒ o'ƒf]lkog o'lgog ƒ ?;aLrsf] tgfj klg o;sf] csf]{ sfƒ0f atfOG5„ kf]Nof08af6 o'ƒf]lkog o'lgogsf] ;+;bsf] lgjf{rgdf kRrL; k|ltzt dtbftf dtbfg s]Gb|df gk'Ug' k'jL{ o'ƒf]ksf] o'ƒf]lkog o'lgognfO Ps emfk8 ePsf] ts{ ug]{x?sf] ;+Vof klg lgs} ƒx]sf] 5„ lsgeg] o'ƒf]lkog o'lgogleq kf]Nof08nfO{ ƒfhlglts ƒ ƒfhgLlts l;4fGtsf] wgL dflgG5„ h;ƒL hd{gLnfO cfly{s zlQmzfnL dflgG5„ olb a]nfotaf6 o'ƒf]lkog o'lgogsf] lgjf{rgdf dtbftfx? ef]6 v;fNg cfPgg\ eg] To;nfO ljZj ƒfhg}lts ahfƒdf s'g} cgf}7f] dflgb}g„ lsgeg] a]nfotsf em08} b'O{ ltxfO{ hg;+Vof o'ƒf]k ljƒf]wL ƒfhgLltdf ;+nUg ƒx]sf] dflgG5„ ‚jo+ jt{dfg ;QfwfƒL kf6L{ dWo]sf] bfh' sGhƒe]l6e kf6L{sf] 7'nf] k+lQm o'ƒf]k ljƒf]wL eg]ƒ

a'lemG5„ o‚t} o;kfnLsf] lgjf{rgdf alnof] ljho k|fKt ug]{ kf6L{ o'lskg} o'ƒf]k ;dy{s xf]Og„ o;n] k6s k6s o'ƒf]k ljƒf]wL gfƒf nufpFb} cfPsf] xf]„ To;}n] s] s'ƒf a'em\g sl7g kb}{g eg] a]nfot clxn] o'ƒf]k ljƒf]wL k+lQmdf plePsf] 5„ kf]Nof08n] o'ƒf]lkog o'lgogsf] ;b‚otf k|fKt ug'{ cl3 uƒ]sf] ;+3if{sf] cjnf]sg ug]{ ;+;fƒeƒsf kF"hLjfbLx?n] æPs cg'sƒ0fLo sbdÆ eg]sf lyP„ tƒ clxn] k"jL{ o'ƒf]ksf] ;dfhjfbL Aoj‚yfsf] cGtkl5 hGd]sf] k'‚tf hf] o;kfnL klxnf] k6s ef]6 xfNg jflnu ePsf lyP, pgLx?sf] kfFr k|ltzt ;+Vof klg dtbfg ug{ pkl‚yt gePaf6 ToxfF 7'nf] lgƒfzf k}bf ePsf] ‚ki6 ePsf] 5„ kf]Nof08n] ax';+Vos o'jfx?nfO ƒf]hufƒL lbg ;s]sf] 5}g„ ToxfFsf a]ƒf]hufƒ o'jfx?n] kf]Nof08df ƒf]hufƒL

k|mfG;sf] ƒfhgLltsf] s'ƒf ug]{ xf] eg] k|mfG;sf] Oltxf;df of] eGbf b'v nfUbf] cj‚yf s] x'g;S5 < of] lgjf{rg klƒ0ffd k|mfG;sf nflu c7fƒf}F ztfJbLdf k|mfG;df ƒfhtGqsf] ;dfKtLkl5 cyjf k|mfG; ƒ]e'n];gkl5 ePsf] ;dfhjfbL cfGbf]ngdf cfPsf] r'gf}tL dfGg' kb{5„ dflƒg n] k]gn] ca k|mfG;sf] ;+;b xNnfpg] wDsLk"0f{ cleJolQm k|s6 ulƒ;s]sL 5g\„ kfpg g;Sg' o'ƒf]lkog o'lgogsf] unt ƒf]hufƒ ;DaGwL gLlt ƒx]sf] cfƒf]k nufp5g\„ ;d'b|sf] lsgfƒdf ƒx]sf] Pp6f ;fgf] d'n's a]lNhoddf tLg rf}yfO eGbf a9L dtbftf dtbfgs]Gb|df pkl‚yt x'g'nfO eg] ‚jeflas dflgPsf] 5 lsgeg] a]lNhodd} o;sf] ƒfhwfgL ƒx]sf] 5„ o'ƒf]lkog o'lgogsf] u7g ƒ o;sf] ƒfhwfgL a|z]N;d} ƒx]sf] lbgb]lv a]lNhodsf] k|ltAolQm cfo XjfQ} a9]sf] xf]„ a]lNhodnfO o'ƒf]lkog o'lgogaf6 ƒfhg}lts ?kdf ;'ƒIff ƒ cfly{s ?kdf dnhn ldNb} cfPsf] 5„ k|mfG;df k|mG6 g]zgn kf6L{n] ;jeGbf a9L l;6 lhTg ;kmn ePsf] 5„ lgjf{rgsf] klƒ0ffd cfpgf;fy kf6L{ g]t[ dflƒg] nL k]gn] æxfd|f] hLt of] Aoj‚yfsf] lj?4sf] hLt xf]Æ eGb} cfkm\gf sfo{stf{x?nfO pS;fPsL 5g\„ æof] Aoj‚yfÆ eGg'sf] pgsf] cy{ k|mfG;df o'ƒf]lkog o'lgogsf] afx'Notf ePsf] jf k|mfG;df ;f];n 8]df]qm]l6s lrGtgsf] ljsf; oL b'O{ dWo] s;nfO r]tfjgL

lbPsL x'g\ Tof] eg] oL k+lQmx? tofƒ kfbf{;Dd k|‚6 kfƒ]sL 5}gg\„ pgn] lgjf{rg k|rfƒ k|;fƒqmddf eg] æa|z]N;sf] tfgfzfxL lj?4Æ eGb} efif0f uƒ]sL lyOg\„ pgn] cfk\mgf] lhtkl5 kqsfƒx?;Fusf] Ps cGtjftf{df elg\g\ æca d}n] sGhƒe]l6e ƒ ;f];n 8]df]qm]6x?nfO nf]Kkf v'jfpg] 5'„ clg kfFrf}F k6s;Dd a|;]N;df ;Qf cf]u6]ƒ a;]sfnfO a9fg]{ 5'„Æ pgsf] o; k|sfƒsf] pQ]lht cGtƒjftf{ kl5 k|mfG;sf] ƒfhg}lts jftfjƒ0fdf lgƒfzf 5fPsf] s'ƒf cGtƒf{li6«o ƒfhg}lts ko{a]Ifsx?n] atfPsf 5g\„ ;fƒa|'sg o'lgel;{6L, hd{gLsf ƒfhg}lts zf‚qsf Ps k|fWofkssf cg';fƒ ædflƒg] nL k]gsf] of] l;‚6d lj?4sf] n8fOFÆdf ePsf] lhtn] b'O{ ltxfO k|m]Gr gfulƒsx?df lgƒfzf k}bf uƒ]sf] 5„ Psfltƒ ƒfi6«klt k|mfF ‚jfF cf]nfFk|lt ljZjf;sf] ;+s6 k}bf x'b} hfg' csf]{ltƒ dWo blIf0fkGyL sGhƒe]l6e zlQmx? ;'‚t xF'b} hfg' ƒ jfdkGyL zlQmx?n] jt{dfg cj‚yfdf b]vf kƒ]sf ;d‚ofx? h‚t} a9\bf] o'jf a]ƒf]hufƒL, b}lgs pkef]Uo a‚t'df a9\bf] d"Noa[4L ƒ cfjf; ;d‚of cflbsf] ;dfwfg ug]{ vfnsf sfo{qmd cl3 ;fg{ g;Sg' k|m]Grx?sf] lgƒfzfsf] sfƒ0f ag]sf] 5„Æ em08} o‚t} ;d‚of a]nfotdf klg knfPsf] xf]„ jt{dfg ldlnh'nL ;ƒsfƒsf] ;+ro sfo{qmdsf sfƒ0f o'jf a]ƒf]hufƒL a9]sf] ƒ ;+s6 k}bf ePsf] atfOG5„ b}lgs pkef]Uo a‚t' ƒ OGwgdf ePsf] d"Noa[4Ln] dhb'ƒju{x?df dfq xf]Og cw{bIf sfdbfƒx?df ;d]t k|lts"n k|efj kfƒ]sf] 5„ To; afx]s gfOhn kmƒfhn] lgjf{rg k|rfƒqmddf k"jL{ o'ƒf]kaf6 a]nfot k;]sf o'jfx?n] ;‚tf]df sfd ulƒlbPsfn] a]nfotL o'jfx? a]ƒf]hufƒ x'g' kƒ]sf] eGg] gfƒf nufPƒ a]nfotL a]ƒf]hufƒx?sf] ef]6 tfg]sf] s'ƒf;d]t ƒfhg}lts ko{j]Ifsx?n] atfPsf 5g\„ k|mfG;df hgtfaf6 clk|o ag]sf ƒfi6«klt k|mfF ‚jfF cf]nfF, a]nfotdf hgtfaf6 clk|o ag]sf 8]le8 Sofdƒf]g ƒ lgs Ns]usf sfƒ0f clt blIf0fk+yLx?n] cf}nf 78\ofpg] df}sf kfPsf x'g\ eGbf cTo'lQm x'g] 5}g„ lsgeg] hgtfn] gfOhn kmƒfh ƒ ln k]g h‚tf pu| blIf0fk+yLx?n] o'ƒf]ksf] lxt x'g] sfd unf{g\ eg]ƒ eGbf klg k|mfF ‚jfF cf]nfF, 8]le8 Sofdƒf]g ƒ lgs Ns]usf lj?4 cf}Fnf 78\ofPsf x'g\ eGg] a'em\g sl7g 5}g„ cyjf ha t]ndf cfuf] nfU5 ta s] s] 88fpF5 < s]xL afFsL ƒfVg] 5}g„ ;+;fƒeƒsf hgtf ljsNksf] vf]hLdf 5g\, jfdkGyL zlQmx?n] ljsNk lbg ;lsƒx]sf 5}gg\„ o‚tf] cj‚yfdf hf] h;nfO cem klg jfdkGyL zlQmk|lt ljZjf; 5, pgLx?n] jfdkGyL zlQmx?nfO ef]6 v;fn], of t 3ƒ} a;]„ tƒ hf] h;n] jt{dfg ;ƒsfƒsf lj?4 cf}Fnf 78\ofpg rfx] pgLx?n] gfOhn ƒ ln k]gnfO{ 5fg]„ kf]Nof08sf dtbftfx?sf] lgl‚qmotf, k|mfG; ƒ a]nfotsf] lgjf{rg klƒ0ffdn] pQm ts{nfO dnhn lbg] dfq geO{ lbgsf] 3fd hlQs} 5n{+u kfƒ]sf] 5„ d] @)!$

23


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Tof] r'gfj, of] r'gfj jfr‚klt ƒ]UdL

7"nf] nfO{g, rsf{ 3fd ƒ ƒfhg}lts k|lt‚kwf{ Hofbf„ nfOgdf plePsf ef]6ƒx? b]lvg] !@÷!# jif{sf„ ha dtkq lng k'U5g\ Ph]G6x?n] gfd cg';fƒ !* jif{ k'u]sf] k'li6 ub{5g\„ dtkq k|fKt uƒ]ƒ ef]6 lbG5g\ tƒ pgLx?nfO{ cfˆgf] dtn] b]znfO{ s] u5{ yfxf 5}g„ ;a}n] nx}nxdf Ps} r'gfj lrGxdf dt lbG5g\„ cflvƒ k|lt‚kwf{df lgjf{rgdf hfg] xf] eg] PstkmL{ lgjf{rgsf] s] g} dxTj ƒxG5 ƒ Û

;do s‚tf] crDd 5„ ;do anjfg klg 5„ lbg e"ƒ{ p8]ƒ ljxfgL ag]ƒ v'N5, ;"o{sf lsƒ0fn] pHofnf] agfpF5„ lbgeƒL dfG5]x? ƒdfpFb} cfˆgf] b}lgs ultljlwx? ;+rfng ub{5g\„ km]lƒ lbg 9Nb} hfG5, ;fFem k5{„ ƒflt cGwsfƒ jf h'gsf] 6x6x x'G5 t}klg dfG5]x? ;'Tg} kg]{ x'G5„ ef]lnkN6 To‚t}uƒL ƒftnfO{ lrb}{ pHofnf] x'G5 ƒ ;"o{ km]lƒ e"ƒ{ ub}{ 8f8fFdfly cfO{

24

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k'U5„ jf‚tjdf dflg;sf] hLjgrof{ crDdsf] 5„ sf]xL k|wfgdGqL ƒ], sf]xL dGqL ƒ], sf]xL ulƒa ef]s} ƒ]„ cflvƒ ef]s} ƒxg'kg]{ xf] eg] r'gfj s] sf nflu t < eujfgn] stf stf o‚tf] kmƒs hLjg z}nL JoLQm lkR5] uƒ]ƒ cGofo kf] uƒ]sL eGg] efg x'G5„ o‚tf] kmƒs guƒ]sf] eP klg x'GYof] lg Û tƒ cx+sfƒL dfG5] slno'udf emg cx+sfƒL ƒ lx+;|s ag]ƒ uof]„ ;fob d ;w}F ;xL

x'Gg xf]nf cyjf d}n] eg]s} x'Gg xf]nf lsgls eg]sf] ƒ klƒsNkgf uƒ]sf] ;a} s'ƒf PSNn} k"ƒf ug{ ;lsF+b}g„ s'ƒf a]nfotsf] ev{ƒ} ;lsPsf] ‚yfgLo lgjf{rgsf] xf]„ a]nfotsf] ƒfhgLltdf g]kfnLd'nsf ;fyLx?sf] pkl‚ylt g]kfnLx?sf] xs lxtsf] nflu cfhsf] cfjZostf lyof]„ dnfO{ x]Ssf 5 g]kfndf ufpFsf] lgjf{rg ePsf] s'ƒf„ ufpF ljsf;sf] cWoIfsf] lgjf{rg ug{ ;a}


;d;fdflos j8faf6 Pp6f a'ydf hDdf x'g'kb{5„ lht xfƒ cjZo x'G5 k|lt‚kwf{df uPkl5„ ;don] sf]N6f] km]¥of]„ ax'bn cof]„ @)$( ;fnsf] ‚yfgLo lgjf{rgdf eQmk'ƒdf klƒof]„ ;'ƒIff clws[t ePs} sfƒ0f lgjf{rg zfGtk"j{s uƒfpg' lyof]„ 7"nf] nfO{g, rsf{ 3fd ƒ ƒfhg}lts k|lt‚kwf{ Hofbf„ nfOgdf plePsf ef]6ƒx? b]lvg] !@÷!# jif{sf„ ha dtkq lng k'U5g\ Ph]G6x?n] gfd cg';fƒ !* jif{ k'u]sf] k'li6 ub{5g\„ dtkq k|fKt uƒ]ƒ ef]6 lbG5g\ tƒ pgLx?nfO{ cfˆgf] dtn] b]znfO{ s] u5{ yfxf 5}g„ ;a}n] nx}nxdf Ps} r'gfj lrGxdf dt lbG5g\„ cflvƒ k|lt‚kwf{df lgjf{rgdf hfg] xf] eg] PstkmL{ lgjf{rgsf] s] g} dxTj ƒxG5 ƒ„ km]ƒL @)%$ ;fn cfof]„ kf]vƒf ƒ kj{t lhNnfdf lgjf{rg uƒfpg' kg]{ ;do k¥of]„ ;'ƒIff clws[t ePsf] gftfn] vl6Psf] 7fpFdf hfg} k¥of]„ ljrƒf dtbfg clws[t ƒ ;fgf] ;'ƒIff 6's8L 8ƒn] sfDb} lgjf{rg uƒfPƒ 3f]if0ff uƒ]ƒ kms{g' kg]{„ lgjf{rg ;'? eof] tƒ alnofafËfn] nf7L, tƒjfƒ lnPƒ j'y sAhf uƒ]kl5 lgjf{rgsf] cy{ s] g} ƒXof] ƒ clg c;n zf;g sxfFaf6 kfpg] t ÛÛ nf7Ls} eƒdf r'gfj lhTg] klƒkf6L gx6];Dd ƒ lgjf{rg Pp6f k|ltlglw Joj‚yf dfq xf] eGg] geP;Dd n7\7L s} eƒdf lgjf{rg x'g] ƒ kb k|fKt x'g] ePsf]n] cflvƒ Tof] r'gfj ƒ To‚tf] hgk|ltlglwaf6 cfzf uƒ]sf] ;fdflhs ?kfGtƒ0f sxfF xf]nf ƒ Û lgjf{rg eg]sf] t zfGt ƒ eoƒlxt lx;fjn] b]z ljsf; ug{ k|of; ug]{ c;n k|ltlglw 5fGgsf nflu dt hfx]ƒ ulƒPsf] g} t xf]„ @)$*, @)%), @)%^ ;fndf k|ltlglw ;efsf] r'gfj eof] cflvƒ ad, uf]nf jf?bs} aLrdf lgjf{rg eof]„ r'lgPsf hgk|ltlglwx? lsga]r eP, cGtƒ3ft eof]„ kf6L{x? 6'qmf 6'qmf eP„ kf6L{x? 6'qmf 6'qmf ePs} sfƒ0f b]z} 6'qmg] 8ƒ eof]„ dfcf]jfbL hgo'4 km]lƒ ;+ljwfg;efdf k'u]ƒ 6'lËof] tƒ $ jif{ nfUbf klg ;+ljwfg aGg ;s]g„ s]jn s";L{ ;f6\g] sfd dfq eof]„ g t b]zn] ;+ljwfg kfof] g t hgtfn] zflGtk"0f{ hLjg ofkg g} ug{ kfP„ cflvƒ r'gfj s] sf nflu t eGg] k|Zg cg'Qlƒt g} ƒXof]„ cfh dft[e"ldnfO{ ;Dembf k'ƒfgf] xfd|f] ƒfhg}lts ptfƒr9fj ƒ lgjf{rgsf klƒ0ffdn] dfq} b]z aGg] ƒ ljsf; x'g] xf]Og ƒx]5 eGg] efg uƒfO{ƒx]5„ lgjf{rg ƒ hgk|ltlglw jf‚tjd} nf]slk|o x'gsf nflu hgtf jf gfulƒs ;r]t x'g}kb{5„ a]nfotsf] lgjf{rgn] ToxL s'ƒfsf] k'li6 ulƒƒx]sf] 5„ lgjf{rg Pp6f kj{ xf], hxfF ;dfhdf ;]jf u5'{ eGg] dfG5]sf nflu Pp6f cj;ƒ ƒ r'gf}tL xf]„ ToxL cj;ƒ ƒ r'gf}tLsf nflu a]nfotdf a;f]af; uƒ]sf g]kfnLd"nsf pDd]bjfƒnfO{ r'gfjdf kg{ ;Sg] dgf]j}1flgs ;xof]usf nflu lgjf{rg k|rfƒk|;fƒ, dtbftfnfO{ dgf]j}1flgs ;xof]u ƒ dt xfNg] j'y;Dd cjnf]sg ug]{ ;"j0f{ cj;ƒ oxfF pNn]v ug{ plrt nfUof]„ ;'?df 3ƒ gDaƒ ƒ gfdfjnL ePsf kmfO{n Pj+ kf6L{sf] lnkmn]6 lnPƒ 3ƒsf] 306L ahfpFbf dtbftfx?n] pT;fxsf ;fy ef]6 lbg ca hfg]

xf] eg]„ sltko dtbftfx?n]] lsg hfg] dtbfg lbg – g]tfx? eg]sf] ckƒRo'lgi6 x'g\„ ef]6 dfUbf dfq 3ƒb}nf] cfpF5g\ gq sfplG;ndf klg ;do lnPƒ dfq e]6\g ldN5 eg]„ zfob g]tf e]6L ƒxg gkg]{ tƒ ljsf; ToxL g]tfdfkm{t e} ƒxg] klƒkf6L a]nfotdf 5„ k|rfƒk|;fƒ ƒ dtbftfnfO{ e]6\b} dtbfg ‚yn k'luof]„ dtbfg ‚yndf dtbftf z"Go lyP„ @ hgf a'9Lx? dtkq, dtbftf gfdfjnL ƒ afS;f lnPƒ a;]sf lyP„ dt 5fk nufpg] uf]Ko ;fgf] 3ƒ h‚tf]df ePsf] tƒ ;'ƒIffsdL{ sf]xL lyPg„ ;ƒf;ƒ uPƒ d}n] k|Zg ug]{ df}sf kfPF„ ToxfF s'g} ƒf]stf]s lyPg„ ;'ƒIff vtƒf ƒ nf7L, tƒjfƒsf] s'g} cj‚yf lyPg„ d}n] Pp6L a'9LnfO{ xfO{ uƒ]ƒ af]nfP„ p;n] xfO{ …o;Ú egL„ dnfO{ k|Zg klg s] ;f]Wg' eg] h‚tf] nfUof] tƒ ;f]w'F eg]ƒ s] tkfO{ guƒkflnsf -sfpG;Ln_sf] sd{rfƒL x'g'x'G5 eg]ƒ d}n} k|Zg uƒ]„ xf]Og d xf]Og s'g} sd{rfƒL klg„ d klAns x'F„ o‚tf] r'gfj uƒfPsf] $) jif{ eof]„ r'gfj x'g] a]nf af]nfpF5„ cfof] r'gfj uƒfof]„ afS;f a'emfof] uof]„ ljxfg & ah] cfPsf] xf],

guƒL 5f8\g' k¥of]„ ƒftf] kf;kf]6{ a]lrof], ckxƒ0f ug]{ ;f+;b e]l6of]„ ljsf;sf] k};f lxgfldgf ug]{ e]l6of]„ ckƒfwLnfO{ ;+ƒIf0f ug]{ g]tf ƒ kf6L{ e]l6of]„ t‚sƒnfO{ 7f8} d]ƒf] kf6L{sf] xf] eg]ƒ ;+ƒIf0f uƒ]sf] e]l6of]„ cflvƒ ;a} o‚t} ckƒfwLs s'ƒf x6fpg g;Sg] xf] eg] s;ƒL zflGt xf]nf, s;ƒL ljsf; xf]nf ƒ s;ƒL cg'xfƒ b]vfpg ;lsPnf ƒ < jf‚tjd} g]kfndf cfd"n klƒjt{gsf] h?ƒL 5„ cfd"n klƒjt{g dfq} xf]Og, ƒfli6«osƒ0f s} h;ƒL 5„ sfddf ƒfli6«osƒ0f, lbdfu klƒjt{gdf ƒfli6«osƒ0f, ;f]rfO{df ƒfli6«osƒ0f, d]ƒf] ;DklQ xf] eGg] x6fPƒ xfd|f] ;DklQ xf] eGg] s'ƒfsf] ƒfli6«osƒ0f ug'{ cfh cklƒxfo{ e} ;s]sf] 5„ uƒLj sf] xf], dWod ju{ sf] xf], wgL sf] xf] 5'6\ofpg' h?ƒL 5„ dhb"ƒ sf] xf], dWodju{L{o >dLs sf] xf], pBf]uklt sf] xf], 5'6\ofpg' h?ƒL ePsf] 5„ k}bn lxF8\g] hgtf sf] xf], ;fOsndf lxF8\g] hgtf sf] xf], df]6ƒ;fO{sn ƒ sfƒdf lxF8\g] sf] xf] kQf nfuO{ OGwg h‚tf a‚t'df ;'s'Djf;L ƒ x's'Djf;L 5'6\ofpg' cfjZos 5„

ƒftL !) ah] ;lsG5 clg afS;f lzn uƒ]ƒ sn]S;g kf]OG6df k'¥ofpg] xf], xfd|f] lhDd]jfƒL ;lsG5 eg]ƒ kf] eG5]„ clg oxfF kf6L{sf] Ph]G6 rflxFb}g, k|xƒL ;'ƒIffsdL{ rflxFb}g eg]ƒ k|Zg uƒ] km]lƒ„ p;n] hjfkm lbO{„ oxfF hgtfdf ljZjf; 5 g]tfk|ltsf]„ g]tfdf lhDd]jfƒL 5, hgtf ƒ b]zk|ltsf]„ d;Fu lhDd]jfƒL 5, lgikIf lgjf{rg uƒfpg] s'ƒfsf]„ @) k|ltzt dt v‚5„ *) k|ltzt dtbftf 3ƒd} 5„ @) k|ltztn] r'g]ƒ k7fP klg vƒfa g]tf eof] eg] ;a} ldn]ƒ Tof] kbdf sfd ug{ glbPƒ lkmtf{ af]nfOG5„ kf6L{n] vƒfanfO{ sfvL RofKg] rng 5}g of] b]zdf eg]ƒ hjfkm lbO{„ ;fFlRr g} dnfO{ g]kfnsf] Tof] r'gfj, tL g]tfx?sf] xƒst, of] r'gfj oxfFsf] lgikIftfsf] ljZjf; cfsfz hldg nfUof]„ xfd|f] b]zdf ;fFlRr g} a]nfotdf h‚tf] r'lgPƒ uP klg e|i6 g]tf 5 eg] lkmtf{ af]nfpg] sfg'g eP slt ;fy{s x'GYof] xfd|f] ƒfhg}lts k|0ffnL„ slt OdfGbfƒ x'GYof] xf]nf xfd|f] g]tfx?„ tƒ sf]7Ldf kqmfp kƒ], ho g]kfn xh'ƒ eGb} k|xƒLn] sfƒjfxL

3ƒ s;sf] 5, hUuf s;sf] 5, bƒjfƒ s;sf] 5, s;n] sƒ 5n]sf] 5, Tof] kQf nufpg' h?ƒL 5„ xƒ]s gfulƒsnfO{ a;f]af;, cTojZos cfjZostfsf a‚t'x? Jojl‚yt ug'{ h?ƒL 5„ pBf]uwGwf vf]n]ƒ ha pTkfbg ug{ ;lsG5 clg dfq} ƒfli6«otf dx;"; x'G5„ ;a}n] vfg kfpF5, a;f]af; kfpF5 ƒ sfd ug{sf nflu ƒf]hufƒL kfpF5 ToxfF dfq} ƒfli6«otf km‚6fpF5„ rfx] wgL xf];\ jf ulƒa ;a}sf] ;f]rfO{ b]z vf]qmf] kfg]{ ƒ cfkm" ljnf;L aGg] 5„ of] b[li6sf]0f klƒjt{gsf nflu lgjf{rg eGbf Jojl‚yt ;ƒsfƒsf] h?ƒL 5„ hxfF hgtfn] g]tf r'Gg] ƒ lg‚kIf dtbfgaf6 k'Ug kfpg] cj‚yfsf] ;[hgf geP;Dd ƒ hgtfn] lgjf{rg g]kfndf h?ƒL 5}g cfhsf] klƒk|]Ifdf eGg] cg'e"lt gubf{;Dd klƒjt{g c;Dej h‚t} 5„ To;}n] Tof] g]kfnsf] lgjf{rg ƒ of] j]nfotsf] lgjf{rg kmƒs oxL 5„ g]kfndf xfdL s';L{ tfS5f}F eg] a]nfotdf c;n sfd ug]{ JolQm 5flgg] cfzf ƒfV5g\„ d] @)!$

25


k|jf;

s]zj e08fƒL a]nfotdf oxL d] @@ df ;DkGg ‚yfgLo sfpG;Lnx?sf] ƒ o'ƒf]lkog kfln{ofd]G6sf] r'gfjdf b]zsf d'Vo b'O{ kf6L{nfO{ k5f8L kfb}{ o'gfO6]8 ls+u8d OlG8k]G8]G6 kf6L{ (UKIP)n] ck|Toflzt ;kmntf k|fKt uƒ]sf] 5„ a]nfot o'ƒf]lkog o'lgogaf6 cnu x'g'k5{ eGg] o; kf6L{n] o'ƒf]lkog kfln{ofd]G6sf] nflu ePsf] lgjf{rgdf a]nfotaf6 r'lgg] &# o'ƒf]lkog ;f+;b dWo] @$ ;f+;bdf ljho xfl;n uƒ]ƒ o'ƒf]lkog kfln{ofd]G6df a]nfotsf] 7"nf] kf6L{ ag]sf] 5„ ;g\ @))( df ;DkGg o'ƒf]lkog kfln{ofd]G6sf] lgjf{rg !# l;6 lht]sf] o"s]cfOkLn] o; lgjf{rgdf em08} bf]Aaƒ ;L6 lht]ƒ a]nfotsf b'O{ 7"nf kf6L{ sGhƒe]l6e ƒ n]aƒnfO{ k5fl8 kfƒ]sf] 5„ a]nfotsf] ljutsf] ;o jif{sf] ƒfli6«o ‚tƒsf] lgjf{rgdf sGhƒe]l6e ƒ n]aƒn] afx]ssf] csf]{ bnn] cu|tf lnPsf] of] klxnf] k6s xf]„ o'ƒf]lkog o'lgogdf sGhƒe]l6esf] ;L6 36]ƒ !( k'u]sf] 5 eg] n]jƒn] @) ;L6 xfl;n uƒ]sf] 5„ jt{dfg ldlnh'nL ;ƒsfƒsf] ;fem]bfƒL bn lnjƒn 8]df]S|of6 kf6L{n] hDdf ! ;L6 k|fKt uƒL t];|f] ‚yfgaf6 kfFrf}F ‚yfgdf cyf{t\ k|fKt dtsf] lx;fjn] u|Lg kf6L{eGbf klg k5fl8 ws]lnPsf] 5„ lnaƒn 8]df]S|of6 kf6L{n] a]nfot o'ƒf]lkog o'lgogaf6 cnu x'g 'x'Fb}g eGg] gLlt lnFb} cfPsf] 5„ a]nfotsf] cfk|jf;L ljƒf]wL Pj+ ƒ+ue]bLsf] cfƒf]k v]Kb} cfPsf] kf6L{ aLPgkLn] klg ljutdf eGbf sd ef]6 k|fKt uƒL ljutsf] Ps ;L6 klg u'dfPsf] 5„ o'ƒf]lkog kfln{ofd]G6sf] &%! ;L6sf] nflu o'ƒf]lkog o'lgogsf @* b]zdf ePsf] lgjf{rgdf …o'ƒf]‚s]K6LsÚ cyf{t\ o'ƒf]lkog o'lgogk|lt c;xdtx?n] pNn]vgLo ;kmntf xfl;n uƒ]sf 5g\„ o'ƒf]hf]gdf b]lvPsf] cfly{s ;+s6kl5 ;DkGg o'ƒf] kfln{ofd]G6sf] o; lgjf{rgdf kƒDkƒfjfbL Pj+ cfk|jf;L ljƒf]wL kf6L{ k|mfG;sf] k|mG6 g]Zgn, a]nfotsf] o"s]cfOkL, 8]gdfs{sf] 8]lg; lkk'n ƒ u|L;sf] ‚oƒLhf kf6L{n] cf–cfˆgf] b]zaf6 ;jf{lws ;L6 xfl;n uƒ]sf 5g\„ cGo o'ƒf]lkog b]zaf6 klg

26

d] @)!$

a]nfotsf] lgjf{rgdf Oo" ljƒf]wL kf6L{nfO{ ;kmntf

ljutsf] t'ngfdf …kmfƒƒfO6Ú, Od]u|]zg ljƒf]wL ƒ o'ƒf]lkog o'lgog ljƒf]wL bnx?n] pNn]Vo dt k|fKt uƒL s]xL ;L6x? lht]sf 5g\„ lgjf{rg klƒ0ffdn] o'ƒf]lkog o'lgogsf] gLltdf ƒ g]tfx? klg km]ƒjbn x'g] ;Defjgf b]lvPsf] 5„ a]nfotdf cfufdL jif{ cfd lgjf{rg x'Fb}5„ cfd lgjf{rgsf] 7Ls Psjif{ cufl8 ;DkGg ‚yfgLo ƒ o'ƒf]lkog kfln{ofd]G6sf] lgjf{rgsf] klƒ0ffdn] ;ƒsfƒ s‚tf] ƒ s'g kf6L{sf] aGg] hgdtsf] ?kdf klg x]lƒPsf] 5„ ;QfwfƒL bn ƒ ljkIfk|lt hgtfsf] cledt s‚tf] ƒx]sf] 5 eGg] glthf o;n] b]vfPsf] 5„ o"s]cfOkLsf] ;kmntf ‚yfgLo lgjf{rgdf klg pT;fxhgs g} b]lvof]„ s'g} klg sfpG;Lndf ks8 ghdfP klg tLg sfpG;Lnƒ ƒx]sf] kf6L{n] PsfPs clxn] !^^ sfpG;Lnƒx? lhTg ;kmn ePsf] 5„ of] ;kmntfn] o's]cfOkLn] Psjif{ kl5sf] lgjf{rgdf j]i6ldlgi6ƒdf vftf vf]Ng] dfq xf]Og t];|f] 7"nf] kf6L{sf] ?kdf cfˆgf] pkl‚ylt b]vfpg] cj‚yf b]lvPsf] 5„ kk'nƒ ef]6sf] lx;fjn] lnjƒ 8]df]S|of6eGbf cufl8 ‚yfgLo lgjf{rgdf o"s]cfOkL cfPsf] 5„ ljkIfL kf6L{ n]aƒn] cu|tf lnPsf] ‚yfgLo lgjf{rgdf ;QfwfƒL sGhƒe]l6e s]xL sfpG;Lnsf] cfˆgf] ks8 u'dfpFb} bf];|f] ‚yfgdf cfPsf] 5„ csf]{ ;QfwfƒL bn lnaƒn 8]df]S|of6sf] dt ‚yfgLo ƒ o'ƒf]lkog lgjf{rgdf lgs} vl‚sPsf] b]lvPsf]

5„ olb of] ;kmntfnfO{ o"s]cfOkLn] sfod ƒfVg ;s]df Ps jif{kl5 x'g] cfdlgjf{rgdf xfn a]nfotsf] kfln{ofd]G6 Ps ;L6 klg gePsf] of] kf6L{ t];|f] 7"nf] kf6L{sf] ?kdf cufl8 cfpg] ljZn]ifsx? atfpF5g\„ clxn]sf] lgjf{rgn] o"s]cfOkLsf g]tf gfOhn kmƒ]h a9L ;kmn b]lvPsf 5g\ eg] u7aGwg ;ƒsfƒsf pkk|wfgdGqL Pj+ lnjƒn 8]df]S|of6sf g]tf lgs Sn]u ;a}eGbf sdhf]ƒ b]lvPsf 5g\„ b] z sf] cfly{s cj‚yfdf qmlds ;'wfƒ b]lvP klg dWod ƒ lgDg ju{sf klƒjfƒsf] b}lgs hLjgdf vf;} ;'wfƒ b]lvPsf 5}g„ ;f];n ;]So'lƒ6Ldf s6f}tL uƒ]sf] sfƒ0f ljkGg ju{ sGhƒe]l6ek|lt ljZj‚t x'g ;s]sf 5}gg\„ n]jƒeGbf o'ƒf]lkog gLltdf s8f dflgg] sGhƒe]l6esf] ef]6 o"s]cfOkLsf] o'ƒf]lkog o'lgogaf6 cnu x'g] gLltn] sf6]sf] of] lgjf{rgn] k|i6 b]vfPsf] 5„ Ps jif{leqdf hgtfnfO{ cfslif{t ug]{ s'g} rdTsfƒL gLlt sGhƒe]l6en] gNofPdf cfufdL ;ƒsfƒ n]aƒsf] aGg] ;Defjgf clxn]sf] lgjf{rg klƒ0ffdn] b]vfPsf] 5„ tƒ n]aƒsf] klg clxn]sf] ;kmntf ;f]r] cg';fƒ b]lvPsf] 5}g„ olb Ps jif{kl5 cfd lgjf{rgdf s;}sf] ax'dt cfPg eGg] km]lƒ ldlnh'nL ;ƒsfƒ aGg' kg]{ x'G5„ To‚tf] ePdf sGhƒe]l6e ƒ o"s]cfOkLsf] ;ldsƒ0f aGg ;Sg] cfFsng klg s]xL ljZn]ifsx?n] ug{ yfn]sf 5g\„


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27


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t ls t cfkm}n] sdfPƒ k"FhL hDdf ug'{ k¥of], ls t 5f]ƒf 5f]ƒLn] Joxf]g'{ k5{„ ;ƒsfƒ t hgtfaf6 r'‚g] dfq xf]„ pkrfƒ ug]{ k};f gePƒ dg'{k5{ ;j{;fwfƒ0fnfO{ oxfF t„ ƒdf]nfM elg xfn]F lg d}n] x]bf{ ƒ ef]Ubf w]ƒ} kmƒs 5„ x]bf{ ;'ljwf 5 ƒ ;'Gbƒ klg tƒ ef]ufO s'¿k 5„ ha d 8\o"6Ldf k'U5' @%÷#) hgf laƒfdLsf] lglDt @÷# hgf s]oƒƒn] vl6g' k5{„ b'O{ hgf g;{n] sltnfO{ Eofpg\„ 8f=, g;{ ;a}sf] k]kƒ js{ g} Hofbf x'G5„ xfdL s]oƒƒn] klg laƒfdL;Fu ePsf] xƒ s'ƒfsf] lƒkf]6{ lbg' k5{„ lƒkf]6{ ƒ ƒ]s8{ g} Hofbf x'G5 oxfFsf] sfddf„ t]qf] @%÷#) hgf laƒfdLx¿ x'G5g\ Pp6f jf8{df„ cfkm'n] ;Sbf] k|of; t ulƒG5 ‚k]zn s]oƒ lbgsf] lglDt„ l8d]G;Lof ƒ ‚6«f]s ePsfx¿nfO{ s]oƒ ug{ Hofb} ufx|f] 5„ pgLx¿nfO{ prfNbf, kmsf{pFbf, a]8af6 ´fbf{, km]lƒ a]8df ;'tfpg d2t ubf{ slt k6s d]ƒf] cfkm\g} 9f8 b'v]ƒ ;fx|f] ePsf] 5'„ lk7\o"F b'V5, xft uN5„ sfd ;D‰of] ls hfg dg nfUb}g„ ghfp hLjg u'hfƒf ug{ ufx|f] 5„ 3ƒ df]ƒu]hdf lslgof]„ of] klg 3fF8f] g} 5„ k};f ltƒL ƒxg' k5{ dlxg} lkR5]„ log} sfƒ0fx¿n] ubf{ d t laƒfd] kƒ]F„ tL l8d]G;LofnfO{ ‚ofxfbf{ ‚ofxfbf{ d g} l8d]G;Lof eO;s] h‚tf] nfUof]„ hofM clg sfd km]ƒ]ƒ ubf{ t ƒfd|} xf]nf lg„ ƒdf]nfM sfddf k|s[lt kmƒs x'G5g\ v6fO eg] p‚t} xf]„ >lds sfd ggl‚sn ha ug]{s} ;ª\Vof Hofbf 5 xfdL g]kfnLx¿sf] ljb]zltƒ„ hofM To;f] eP v'?Ss b]z kmls{ g, lsg ?Fb} lrRofpFb} a‚g' < sƒ t 5}g xf]nf lg s;}n] nufPsf] < ƒdf]nfM eGgnfO{ ;lhnf] 5, sƒ 5}g dnfO{ s;}n] uƒ]sf]„ b]zdf ;w}F ƒfhg}lts cl‚yƒtf, c;'ƒIff ƒ cJojl‚yt dfxf]nn] pl5l6\ 6Pƒ knfog ePsf xf}F xfdL k|foh;f], ƒxƒn] x}g„ d}n] hLjgdf w]ƒ} ;ª\3if{ uƒ]F„ b'O{ jif{sf] b'w] aRrf ƒ >Ldfg 5f8]ƒ ;f]x| jif{ cufl8

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28

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;flxTo÷;Djfb lab]lzg k'u]F„ la‚tfƒ} >Ldfg ƒ 5f]ƒf l´sfO{ Ps} 7fpF a‚g ;s]F„ ca yfx eof], hlt sdfPF, Tof] ;a} ot} nufPF afFsL 5}g ;fydf„ a9L sfdsf] v6fgn] 9f8 sDdƒ b'Vg], l8k|]zgsf] lzsfƒ klg eOof]„ ca 5f]ƒf k|e'n] dfi6;{ uƒf];\ eGg] rfxgf 5„ s] x'G5 ;don] ef]ln yfx t 5}g tƒ d a[4 eQfsf] nf]edf oxfF s'lxPƒ c‚ktfndf hLjg latfpFlbgF„ ld7f] jrg af]N5g\, ufnfdf r'Db}, cª\ufnf] xfNb} …kmnfgf 8fln{ª cfO{ ld; o", ne o"Ú„....eG5g\„ d'vn] dL7f] af]n]ƒ l7Ss kfg]{ 7fpF of]„ cfkm\g} 5f]ƒf5f]ƒL klg e]6\g cfpFbf km"n NofP eg] 9f]s}df ƒfvL kms{G5g\„ d'vn] geg] lg, dgdf a[4f ƒf]uL afp cfdfsf] d[To' rfx]sf] x'G5g\ h‚tf] 5„ pgLx¿nfO{ af]´ nfU5 xKtfsf] Ps k6s e]6\g cfpgnfO{ lg„ laƒfdLx¿ klg 5f]ƒf5f]ƒL ƒ cfkmGt cfpFbf v'zL x'g] b]lvPg„ pgLx¿sf] dgdf klg ;To s] xf] kSs} yfx ePƒ xf]nf„ sf]xL gcfpFbf lg u'gf;f] uƒ]sf] eg] kfOFb}g„ xfd|f] b]zdf h‚t} dnfO{ 5f]ƒfn] x]ƒ]g, a'xfƒLn] 6]lƒg, kmnfgf l9‚sfgfn] dnfO{ ug]g=== cflb u'gf;f] otf ;'Gg kfOFb}g„ hlt cfzf nufof] plt b'Mv si6 cfkm}nfO{ xfd|f] b]zdf eg]„ cfkm\gf] nflu a9L dxTj lbg], kflƒjflƒs

aGwgdf afFlwg g?rfpg] ePƒ of] b]zsfx¿ rflxF PlSnPƒ b'MvL 5g\, l8k|]zgsf] lzsfƒ 5g\„ ;+;fƒ k|]dn] g} rn]sf] 5, k|]dsf] hxfF sdL 5, ToxfF hLjg b'MvbfoL 5, eoª\sƒ 5 d}n] la‚tfƒ} a'‰g yfn]F ;fyL Û d]ƒf] ƒ >Ldfgsf] klg j[4 cj‚yfsf afa' x'g'x'G5, pxfFx¿nfO{ k};f k7fPƒ dfq ;]jf x'Fb}g eGg] d}n] a'‰g yfn]F„ ca cfkm\g} xftn]=== -cfFvfdf ´ƒ]sf] cfF;' k'5\b}_ hofM n x]ƒ nf6L Û lsg ƒf]PsL < lrof xf] ls skmL xf] ;]nfP h‚tf] 5„ d]ƒf] t cb'jf dlƒrjfnf lrof lyof] s'ƒf ;'Gb} lkO{ ;s]F„ ca ƒfd|f];Fu r]sck uƒ, ldN5 eg] nfdf] labfdf ƒ]i6 uƒ„ lbgf}F s]xL ;do af]n]ƒ dg xNsf uƒf}Fnf„ d ljb]z slxn] guP klg ljb]lzg]x¿sf] kL8fnfO{ dx;'; ug{ ;S5'„ oltv]ƒ t]ƒf] s'ƒfn] xfdL g]kfnx¿ ;+‚sfƒn], dfgjLotfn] lgs} ;DkGg ƒx]5f}F eGg] a'´]F„ aflxƒaf6 x]bf{ ;'ljwf ;DkGg ƒ km"nsf] ;'uGwo'Qm sf]7fdf ;'t]sfx¿sf] cfTdf slt b'MvL ƒx]5, hLjg slt cFWofƒf] ƒx]5=== d]ƒf] klg dg glgsf] rfnn] rl‚sof]„ af‚tjdf ;+;fƒsf ;a} dflg;x¿sf] cfjZostf k|]d ƒx]5„ k|]dlagfsf] hLjg ƒ ;'v ;DkGg j}ejx¿ c;nL v'zL geO{ PSnf] cf}F;Lsf] cFWofƒf] ´}F

8f= of]uL ljsf;fgGb ;}ƒ sƒ uflna lkmƒ lhGbufgL sxfF uƒ lhGbufgL eL ldn] lkmƒ gf} hjfgL sxfF –ldhf{ uflna ofqf uƒ uflna, km]lƒ lhGbuL sxfF afFsL ƒxG5 , lhGbuL afsLF ƒx]tf klg km]lƒ hjfgL sxfF afFsL ƒxG5„ uf8Lsf hGdbftf x]gƒL kmf]8{ -;g\ !*^#_ cd]lƒsfsf] Ps ;fdfGo ls;fg klƒjfƒdf hGd]sf lyP„ ufFpdf hGd]s} sfƒ0f pgL v]tdf sfd uy]{, d'9f lry{], ufO{sf] b"w b'x'Gy], 3f]8fx¿sf] ‚ofxfƒ uy]{ ƒ afx| jif{sf] pd]ƒd} xnf];d]t hf]Ty]„ !*(! df ofqf ub}{ pgL 8]6«fO6 ;xƒdf cfpg ;kmn eP„ gofF 7fpFdf gofF dflg; e]6]kl5 pgsf] lbdfudf gofF tƒ+u p7\ g' ‚jfefljs lyof]„ oxLF pgn] klxnf] k6s afkmn] rNg] OlGhg b]v]„ pgL tLg5Ss kƒ]„ lagf 3f]8f klg uf8L rNbf] ƒx]5„ oxL cfZro{ Pj+ cfsif{0f g} pgn] kl5 ug]{ cfljisfƒsf] sfƒ0f hf] aGof]„ pgn] pQm jfik OlGhgnfO{ rfƒ}ltƒaf6 lgofn], o;sf rfns;Fu ;DalGwt cg]sg s'ƒfx? ;f]w]„ ƒ, cfkm"n] df]6ƒ uf8Lsf] lgdf{0f ug]{ ljƒf6 ;kgf a'g]„ c;+ej b]lvg] cfˆgf] ;kgf ;fsfƒ kfg{sf] nflu pgn] ;DalGwt ;To–tYo ;+sng ug{ ljVoft cfljisfƒs yf]d; PNjf Pl8;gnfO{

vf]qmf] ;fF´ kf] ƒx]5„ ltd|f] kfv'ƒL 5, sfd 5 clg ltdL 5f}„ kfv'ƒL 5}g, sfd 5}g ltdL klg 5}gf}F=== d}n] a'´] ;fyL„ ;+;fƒ lgb{oL 5, vf]qmf] ;fF´ h‚tf] 5 tƒ xfdLleqsf] xf};nf, ;fx; ƒ cfkm\gf]x¿sf] k|]dn] Tof] cFWofƒf] vf]qmf] ;fF´nfO{ lrƒ]ƒ pHofnf] 5g{ ;lsG5 dHhfn]„ ;'v ;DkGg ƒ k};fn] v'zL k6Ss} ldNb}g„ v'zL ƒ cfgGb k|]daf6 g} ldN5„ klƒjfƒ larsf] k|]ddf, cfkmGt ;fyL efOlarsf] k|]ddf„ ;a}eGbf klƒjfƒlarsf] k|]d g} ;jf]{kƒL x'G5„ xfd|f] ;fdflhs ;+‚sfƒsf] of] 7"nf] ƒ dxTjk"0f{ ljz]iftf xf]„ xfdLn] o;k|lt uj{ ug'{k5{„ n ca ef]ln k;L{ km]lƒ s'ƒf uƒf}Fnf„ ;fF´ kƒ]5 otf t 5'6f}F x} < ƒdf]nfM o's] t hf8f] eoª\sƒ 5 ƒ l56\6} ƒft k5{ 9Lnf pHofnf] x'G5„ df};d h‚t} dg wldlnPsf] x'G5 tƒ clxn] tF;Fusf] s'ƒfn] d 7Ls 5', d]ƒf] dg 5\ofª\u v'n]sf] cfsfz h‚tf] nfUof] la‚tfƒ} la‚tfƒ} Û dgsf w]ƒ} d}nfx¿ dHhfn] cfh wf]OP, k|jfzsf] a]bgfnfO{ s]xL xb;Dd xfdL b'O{sf] s'ƒfsfgLn] dnd n]k nufof]=== afO{ Û km]lƒ kl5 s'ƒf uƒf}Fnf„ -b'j} hgf ;Fu;Fu} ;fOg cfp6 u5{g\„_ -kmfg{af]ƒf], o's], email‚ pariskrit2@gmail.com)

ofqf ;d]t e]6]„ Pl8;gn] k|s[ltdf c;+ej eGg] s]xL s'ƒf gx'g] tYo ;'gfPkl5 pgsf] xf};nf a'nGb eof]„ ƒ, Ps ls;fgsf 5f]ƒf h;n] sn]h k9\g EofPs} lyPg tƒ uf8Lsf] cfljisfƒ uƒL cd]lƒsfnfO{ rSsfdf lxF8\g] ƒfi6« agfOlbP ƒ kl5 ljZjnfO{ g}„ Pp6f csf]{ ƒf]rs k|;+u— kmf]8{n] kl5Nnf] sfndf a;, 6«sh‚tf 7"nf uf8L agfpg] ;kgf b]v] h'g k|fljlws sfƒ0fn] To;a]nf c;+ej dflgGYof]„ lsgeg] To;sf] nflu cf7j6f l;lnG8ƒ Pp6} OlGhgdf hf]l8g kYof]{ h'g Joj;flos lx;fan] lgs} vrf{n' b]lvof]„ OlGhlgoƒx¿n] eg]— o‚tf uf8L Jofj;flos ¿kdf ;+ej} 5}g„ kmf]8{n] yk]]— dnfO{ yfx 5, c;+ej eGg] s]xL s'ƒf x'Fb}g, d hlQ k};f nufpF5' ltdLx? vf]h uƒ„ h'g OlGhlgoƒx¿n] o;k|sfƒsf] cfljisfƒ ;+ej} 5}g eg]sf lyP, cflvƒ pgLx¿n] g} rfƒrf]l6sf] c;kmntfkl5 cf7 l;lnG8ƒ hf]l8Psf] Jofj;flos OlGhg lgdf{0f uƒ]ƒ} 5f8] ƒ a;–6«sh‚tf 7"nf uf8L cl‚tTjdf cfP„ ctM c;+ej s]xL s'ƒf x'Fb}g eGg] kf7n] Psrf]l6 km]lƒ bx|} k|df0f kfof]„ of] xf] pgsf] ofqfsf] sdfn„ k|;+ujz ofqf;Fu ;DalGwt Pp6f csf]{ s'ƒf— efƒt ofqfdf lgl‚sbf 6]ƒ];fn] cToGt uƒLax¿nfO{ klxnf] k6s b]v]sL lyOg\ ƒ ToxL a]nf pgn] cfˆgf] hLjg pgLx¿sf] ;]jfdf ;dk{0f uƒ]sL lyOg\„ o;ƒL ofqfaf6 6]ƒ];f dbƒ 6]ƒ];f algg\„

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29


Tit-Bits Of Nepali Journalism

'Buddha was born in .....'

Chiranjibi Paudyal

30

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When I had gone to South Korea to a meeting organised by Korea International Co-operation Agency (KOICA), I went to meet him in his office in Seoul. After completing his UN term, he had become a vice minister. When I entered into his office with his aide, before shaking hand with me, he saidâ&#x20AC;&#x161; "Buddha was born in Nepal." He apologised time and again for the mistake he had made. He was firmly convinced this time without any doubt. I am happy, at least, I was able to convince a very senior officer that Buddha was born in Nepal.


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‚jf‚Yo

clgoldt hLjgz}nL vƒfj ‚jf‚Yosf] k|d'v sfƒ0f

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32

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v]Ng] kfFr v]nf8Ln] O{ª\Nof08sf] k|ltlglwTj ub}{ cfufdL h'g dlxgfdf a|flhndf x'g] ljZjsk !$ df ;xeflutf kfpg' kSs} klg pgLx?sf] pTs[i6 k|bz{gsf] gd"gf dfGg ;lsG5„ lneƒk'n ‚6«fO{sƒ n'O{; ;'jfƒ]h o; jif{sf pTs[i6 v]nf8L 3f]lift ePsf 5g\„ pgsf] of]ubfg o;jif{ lneƒk'ndf pNn]Vo ƒx]sf] 5„ lk|ldoƒlzk jif{ v]nf8L, km"6an ƒfO6;{ kbs, lneƒk'n jif{ v]nf8L, o'ƒf]lkog uf]N8]g a'6 ;lxt ;a}h;f] kbsn] ;'jfƒ]h ;Ddflgt ePsf 5g\„ lneƒk'n tyf O{ª\Nof08sf ‚6«fO{sƒ 8\oflgon ‚6'lƒhn] klg lk|ldoƒlzkdf cGo Snjsf ‚6«fO{sƒeGbf a9L o; l;hgeƒ @! uf]n ug{ ;kmn eO{ RoflDkog Snj Dofgl;6Lsf cfof 6'ƒ]{nfO{ Ps uf]nn] kl5 kfg{ ;kmn ePsf 5g\„ ut jif{ ;ftf}F ‚yfgdf lrQ a'emfPsf] lneƒk'nnfO{ o;jif{sf] of] ;kmntfnfO{ s]xL cgk]lIft dfGg]x?sf] klg sdL 5}g„ tƒ Snjsf o'jf Dofg]hƒ a|]G8g ƒf]hƒn] cfkm"df lk|ldoƒlzksf] sl7g k|lt‚kwf{;Fu Rofn]Gh ug]{ Ifdtf k|z‚t ƒx]sf] ƒ ef]lnsf lbgdf lneƒk'n l6d cem zlQmzfnL ePƒ RoflDkog lnu tyf 3ƒ]n' k|lt‚kwf{df vƒf] pqg] bfjL uƒ]sf 5g\„ t];|f] ‚yfgsf] r]N;L klg o;jif{ lk|ldoƒlzksf] bfj]bfƒ ƒxFbf ƒxb} l;hgsf] pQƒfw{df s]xL ljrlnt x'g'n] k|ltof]lutfaf6 kl5 kg{ uPsf] lyof]„ Snjdf ƒx]sf pDbf v]nf8Lx?sf] k|ltefdf z+sf ug]{ s'g} 7fpF b]lvb}g„ Dofg]hƒ hf]z] df}lƒGxf]n] cfkm\gf] bf];|f] sfo{sfn lhtaf6 ;'? x'g] ƒ of] qmd pgL Snjdf ƒx];Dd hfƒL ƒxg] pb\3f]ifsf ;fy utjif{ Snjdf k'gM cg'jGw ePsf lyP„ r]N;Lsf Snj dflns ƒl;og gfulƒs ƒf]dgn] hf]z]nfO{ Snjsf km\ofgsf] dfu cg';fƒ k'gM Snjdf af]nfPsf x'g\„ ‚k]zn g+= ! sf] kuƒL u'y]sf -cfkm}<_ hf]z]n] ljleGg ƒfi6«sf 6k Snjx? rfxb}{ r]N;LnfO{ o; jif{ lk|ldoƒlzk kbs eGbf klg o'O{PkmP RoflDkog agfpg] Wo]o ƒx]sf] v'nf;f klg guƒ]sf xf]Ogg\„ tƒ

pgsf] v]nf8L rog ƒ dkfOFTj k|bz{gn] g} bIf v]nf8L, Ifdtf ƒ cj;ƒ x'Fbf x'Fb} klg kl5 kg'{n] hf]z]nfO{ 7'n} dfgl;s wSsf kƒ]sf] ;xh} a'em\g ;lsG5„ RoflDkog lnu lht]ƒ o; b'O{ kmƒs ƒfi6«af6 lhlt;s]sf] lslt{dfgLdf yk lslt{dfg ƒfVg] cfzf kfn]sf hf]z]nfO{ ‚k]lgz Snj P6\ n]l6sf] Dofl8«8n] kmfO{gn;Dd k'Ugaf6 al~rt ulƒlbPsf] lyof]„ cfz{gn Snjklg l;hgsf] ;jf{lws cjlw;Dd tflnsfsf] 6kdf ƒxFbf ƒxFb} rf}yf] ‚yfgdf lrQ a'emfpg k'u]sf] 5„ cg'ejL tyf ;a}eGbf k'ƒfgf xfnsf Snj Dofg]hƒ cf;]{g j]+uƒn] SnjnfO{ y'k|} ;kmntf lbnfPsf ePklg v]nsf] clt dxTjk"0f{ df]8df pgsf k|d"v v]nf8Lx? rf]6u|‚t ePsf]n] g} cfkm"n] 6fO{6n lhTg g;s]sf] Dofg]hƒ atfpFb5g\„ pgsf] cleJolQmnfO{ pgs} Snjsf km\ofgx? Ps axfgf eGbf w]ƒ} dfGg tofƒ 5}gg\, lsgls cfz{gnsf] 6Ld cGo k|lt‚kwL{sf] t'ngfdf oy]i6 gePsf] ƒ s]xL gfdL v]nf8Lsf] sdL ƒx]sf]n] g} ;'?b]lv g} cfz{gn RoflDkog aGg] s'ƒfdf pgLx?df z+sf plAhPsf] k|i6} b]lvG5„ tƒ 3ƒ]n' k|ltli7t Pkm P sk ljh]tf cfz{gnn] cfkm\gf] kbs laxLg ljutsf gf} jif{nfO{ of] jif{ cGTo ug{ ƒ o; l;hgnfO{ Snjsf nflu ;kmn l;hgsf] ?kdf ;Demg rfxG5„ lk|ldoƒlzk v]naf6 labf lnFb} tn emg]{ qmddf km'nXofd, sfl8{km tyf gƒljr o; jif{ cfufdL l;hg lk|ldoƒlzk v]Ngsf nflu ;Ifd ƒx]gg\„ km'nXofd tyf sfl8{kmsf] ;Defjgf s]xL xb;Dd eP klg lk|ldoƒlzkdf ƒxgsf nflu afFsL tLg v]n ƒxFbf;Dd lhljt} lyof] eg] gƒljr l;hgeƒ ƒfd|} k|bz{gsf afjh'b clGtd v]nsf] glthfn] RoflDkoglzkdf emg]{ t];|f] cefuL 6Ld ;fljt ePsf] lyof]„ oL tLg 6f]nLsf] ‚yfg RoflDkoglzksf tLg 6f]nL n];]‚6ƒ km'6an Snj, aGnL{ lSjG; kfs{ ƒ]Ghƒn] lnPsf 5g\„ km'6an v]n ƒ v]nf8Ldf ePsf] nufgLn] cfh ljZjd} txNsf dRrfPsf] 5„ o;sf] k|d"v sfƒ0f xf] ljZjsf sƒf]8f}F km\ofgsf] qm]hn] g} of] v]nsf] Joj;fonfO{ c8fPsf] 5„ cfh rlr{t, s'zn v]nf8Lsf] cfon] pgLx? lbgfg'lbg ljZjsf wgf9\ox?sf] ;"rLdf cfkm"nfO{ ;fd]n uƒfpg ;kmn klg ePsf 5g\„ Snj dflnsn] uƒ]sf] nufgL olt 7"nf] 5 ls km"6an ca km"6an v]n dfq geO{ Ps k|d"v Jofkflƒs ;~hfn alg;s]sf] 5„ d] @)!$

33


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d[To';Fu Ps} If0f >]i7 ;To dflg;sf] hLjgdf ;a} s'ƒfx? clglZrt 5g\ tƒ lglZrt 5 t s]an Pp6} tTj – Tof] xf] d[To'„ dflg;sf] hLjg;Fu} d[To' klg ufFl;Psf] x'G5„ hLjgsf] k|fƒlDes 5]p hLjg xf] eg] clGtd 5]p t d[To' g} xf]„ hLjgsf] cGTo d[To'df g} x'g] ub{5„ ;a}sf] hLjgdf d[To' cToGt} ;fZjt ƒ cjZo+efjL 5„ d[To'nfO{ s;}n] klg 6fg}{ ;Sb}g„ dfgj ;dfhn] eg] hGdnfO{ t ;xh} ‚jLsfg]{ ub{5 eg] d[To'sf] gfd lng klg tl;{G5„ dflg; hlGdbf eg] xiff]{Nnf; ƒ dxf]T;j dgfpFb5 ƒ To;} lbgsf] ;Demgfdf k|To]s jif{ w'dwfdn] hGd lbg klg dgfpF5 eg] dfG5] dbf{ eg] zf]sdf 8'Ag] ub{5„ hGdnfO{ h‚t} d[To'nfO{ klg ;xh ƒ ;xif{ 9+un] ‚jLsfg{ dflg;n] sbflk ;Sb}g„ hlt;'s} pd]ƒ 9lNsPsf] j[4–j[4f eP klg pm d[To'af6 h;ƒL klg aRg} rfxfG5 ƒ d[To'sf] gfd klg lng rfxFb}g„ k|foh;f] dflg;x? hLjgelƒ d[To' eGg] zAb} ;'Gg rfxFb}gg\„ s;}n] d'To'sf] s'ƒf dfq} uƒ] klg To;nfO{ xfdL cnIf0f of ckzs'gsf] ;+1f lbg] ub{5f}+ ƒ To‚tf] dflg;af6 ;seƒ w]ƒ} 6f9f g} a‚g rfxfG5f}+„ sf]xL dflg; dƒ]sf] 7fpFdf uP klg xfdL d[To' eGbf klg cs}{ k|;+u rnfPƒ d[To'nfO{ e'Ng ƒ e'nfpg vf]H5f}+„ dnfdL g} uPsf] dflg;x?aLr klg d[To'sf] eGbf klg rrf{ x'G5 t cs}{ s'ƒfsf] – s;sf] sf];Fu rSsƒ rn]sf] 5 < s;n] slt tNnfsf] slt j6f 3ƒ agfof] < s; s;n] e|i6frfƒ, bnfnL ƒ d"tL{ rf]ƒ]ƒ s] s] uƒ] < cflb cflb cy{xLg k|;+ux?„ o‚tf] s'ƒf uƒ]ƒ xfdLx? e'Ng rfxfG5f}+ ls cfkm\ gf] klg lgolt oxL xf] eGg] s'ƒfnfO{„ dflg; hLjgeƒ g} xƒ tƒxn] d[To'nfO{ 6fg]{ ƒ o;af6 klG5g] k|of; ulƒƒxG5 tƒ s] of] ;Dej 5 t < dflg;n] hlt g} d[To'nfO{ c‚jLsfƒ ƒ ltƒ‚sfƒ uƒ] klg jf‚tjdf p;sf zlƒƒsf k|To]s sf]if sf]ifdf d[To' u'lGhƒx]sf] x'G5„ To;}n] t oxL d[To' p;sf] xƒ]s lqmofsnfk ƒ ultljlwdf emlNsg] ub{5„ dflg;n] hlt klg d[To'af6 efUg] sf]l;; uƒ] klg p;n] jf‚tjdf t d[To'nfO{ leq leq} ‚jLsflƒƒx]sf] cfef; x'G5„ To;}n] t dflg; k|]ddf k5{ – o;sf] dtna t oxL xf] sL d t dlƒxfN5' tƒ d]ƒf] sf]xL of d]ƒf] k|]d eg] afFlrƒxg]5 eg]ƒ g} xf]„ dflg;n] ;Gtfg pTkfbg ug'{sf] sfƒ0f klg t oxL g} xf] ls d t dlƒ g} xfN5' tƒ d]ƒf] sf]xL oxFf ƒlxƒxf];\„ To;} uƒL dflg; 6Gg} wg ;Dklt, ƒ k};f hDdf ug'{sf]

34

d] @)!$

u'x\o sfƒ0f klg oxL xf] sL d t dlƒxfN5' tƒ cfkm\gf] s]xL ƒlxƒxf];„ To;}uƒL dflg;x? gfd sLlt{ ƒfVg vf]Hg'sf] k5fl8 klg dflg;sf] oxL d[To' b]lvsf] eon] g} sfd ulƒƒx]sf] x'G5„ o;y{ ls d t dlƒxfN5' tƒ d]ƒf] gfd eg] afFlrƒxf];\„ dflg;sf] xƒ]s lqmofsnfkn] p;sf] d[To'b]lvsf] eonfO{ g} emNsfOƒx]sf] x'G5 tyflk xƒ lbg xƒ ƒft pm cfFvf lrDn]ƒ} d[To'nfO{ b]v]ƒ klg gb]v] em}F ulƒƒxG5„ of] hlt cfZro{hgs s'ƒf c? s] xf]nf ƒ < jf‚tjdf d[To' csf6\o ;To xf]„ d[To' k|To]s k|f0fLsf] hGd;Fu} 6fFl‚;Pƒ cfPsf] x'G5„ h;ƒL lbg;Fu} ufFl;Pƒ ƒft ƒ u[id ofds} csf]{ 5]pdf lzlzƒ ofd klg cfpFb5„ hGd ƒ d[To' klg o;} uƒL c6'6 ?kn] ufFl;Psf hLjgsf b'O{ 5]px? x'g\„ tƒ dflg;n] o;ƒL ‚jLsfƒ]sf] ljƒn} kfOG5„ dflg;n] s'g} xfntdf klg d[To'nfO{ ‚jLsfg}{ rfxfFb}g tƒ o;f] ub}{df d[To' sbflk 6b}{g„ d[To' t h'g;'s} a]nf klg p;sf] hLjgsf] 9f]sf 9s9Sofpg cfOk'Ug]5„ dflg;sf] hLjgdf d[To' h'g;'s} a]nf klg 36\g ;Sb5„ ev{ƒ} hlGdPsf] lzz' xf];\ of afns, lszf]ƒ, o'jf xf];\ of j[4 ;a}df d[To'sf] ;Defjgf plQs} ƒx]sf] x'G5„ d[To'n] g t s'g} pd]ƒ eG5, g t s'g} hflt, b]z, wd{, ju{, j0f{ ƒ kbsf] dfG5] eg]ƒ g} 5'6 lbG5„ o;n] t ;a}k|lt ;dfg Jojxfƒ ub{5 s;}nfO{ klg o;n] 5f8\b} 5f8\b}g„ dflg;x?sf] b}lgs hLjgrof{ x]bf{ t o‚tf] nfUg] ub{5 ls dflg; slxNo} db}{ db}{g ƒ pm o'uf}+o'u oxL k[YjLd} hƒf uf8]ƒ} al;ƒxg]5 h‚tf]„ dflg;n] d[To'k|lt a]jf‚tf ƒ cr]t ePs} sfƒ0f pm cfh kz'jt hLjg lhOƒx]sf] 5„ olb dflg; d[To'k|lt ;hu eOlbPsf] eP dflg;sf] hLjgz}nL cs}{ x'g] lyof]„ cyf{t\ dflg;n] d]ƒf] hLjgdf klg d[To' 36\g] g} 5 Ps g Ps lbg eGg] s'ƒfnfO{ ‚jLsfƒL lbPsf] eP pm 5'6\6} k|sfƒn] hLjg lhpg ;SYof]„ s] d[To'nfO{ ‚jLsfƒ]sf] dfG5]n] s'g} gƒfd|f] sfd ug{ ;Snf t < d klg Ps lbg dlƒ g} xfN5' eg]ƒ hfGg] dfG5]af6 s'g} e|i6 ƒ cg}lts sfd ;Dej xf]nf ƒ < h;nfO{ cfkm\gf] hLjgsf] cGTo klg x'G5 eGg] 1fg x'G5, s] p;n] k'‚tf}F k'‚tfsf] nflu wg ƒ k}+;f hDdf ulƒƒxnf t < d[To'nfO{ ‚jLsfg]{ JolQmaf6 nf]e, df]x, cx+sfƒ, ‚jfy{, cGofo, cTofrfƒ clg zf]if0f cflb s'efjgfx?sf] ;Defjgf xf]nf t < h;n] d klg dg}{k5{ eGg] s'ƒf jf‚tjd} dx;"; uƒ]sf] x'G5 s] p;n] cfkm\gf] ;– ;fgf ‚jfy{sf

nflu c?sf] cl‚tTj g} gfd]6 kfg{ ;Snf ƒ < cfh dflg;x? wd{, ;dfh;]jf, ƒfhgLlt cflbsf] gfddf klg cfkm\g} cx+sfƒsf] a]n'g km'nfpg] sfd dfq ub{5g\„ dfgjnfO{ t pgLx? 3[0ff ub{5g\ tƒ dfgjtfk|lt k|]d 5 eGb} s]jn cfkm\g} cx+sfƒsf] efjgfnfO{ psf‚gsf nflu xƒtƒxn] pBt ƒlxƒx]sf x'G5g\„ pgLx?n] uƒ]sf] ;dfh;]jfsf] vjƒ of kmf]6f]x? kqklqsf, ƒ]l8of] of l6eLdf cfPg eg] lƒ;n] cfuf] x'G5g\„ dflg; ;dfh;]jf eGbf klg cfkm\gf] gfd ƒ sfdsf] k|rfƒ k|;fƒdf g} a9L pmhf{ nufOƒx]sf] x'G5„ ltgLx?nfO{ o; s'ƒfsf] clnslt klg r]t x'Fb}g ls d[To'sf] cufl8 pgLx?sf] gfd, zfg, kb, k|lti7f ;a} slt lgƒLx ƒ Joy{ x'G5 eg]ƒ„ k|foh;f] dflg;x? o‚t} cr]t cj‚yfd} cfkm\gf] hLjg u'hfƒf ulƒƒx]sf x'G5g\„ To;}n] t pm s]xL g s]xL ?kdf cdƒ ƒlxƒxg rfxG5„ pm cfkm" dƒ] klg cfkm\gf] gfd, ;Gtfg of ;Dklt afFlrƒxf];\ eGg] rfxG5„ tƒ ;To t oxL xf] ls of] a|Dxf08df xƒ]s kbfy{x? gfzjfg\ 5g\„ of] dflg; hfaf] t s] xf] ƒ < Ps lbg of] k[YjL, rGb|, ;"o{, tfƒfu0f ;a} g} cGwsfƒdf ljno x'g]5g\ eg] ljrƒf dflg;sf] gfd t slt lbg g} afFlrƒxnf ƒ < p;sf] k|rfƒk|;fƒ, cx+sfƒ, k|lti7f ;a} kfgLsf kmf]sfx? h‚tf dfq x'g\„ dflg;x?sf] vf]qmf] cledfg, ‚jfy{, nf]e, df]x ƒ cx+sfƒs} sfƒ0f cfh of] k[YjL lbgfg'lbg ƒfIf;L a‚tLdf ablnƒx]sf] 5„ lbg lbg} oxFf xTof, lx+zf ƒ cƒfhstf ƒf]syfd g} ug{ g;lsg] uƒL al9ƒx]sf] 5„ æ d} vfpF, d} nfpF, d} sdfpF Æ h‚tf efjgfn] dfgj dg dl‚tis gƒfd|ƒL ;+qmldt eOƒx]sf] 5„ o;sf] lgoGq0f ug{ s'g} klg j}1flgs pksƒ0f tyf cfw'lgs l;4fGtx?af6 klg ;Dej 5}g„ o;sf nflu t k|To]s JolQmn] cfkm\gf] hLjgsf] ;fZjt ;To ƒ clGtd uGtJonfO{ cfTdaf]w ug'{ g} xf] ƒ Tof] xf] – æd[To'Æ„ k|To]s dg'ion] d[To'nfO{ hLjgeƒ g} dWoghƒ ub}{ cfkm\gf] b}lgs ultljlw uƒ]df oxfF sf]xL cƒaklt ƒ vƒaklt clg sf]xL eg] ef]s ef]s} dg'{kg]{ cj‚yf s'g} klg xfntdf cfpFb}g„ o;y{, d[To' k|ltsf] ;r]tgf g} ;a} ;d‚ofsf] ;dfwfg xf]„ k|To]s JolQmn] d[To'nfO{ x[bob]lv g} ‚jLsfb}{, hLjgsf] s'g} klg kn cfkm\gf] klg d[To' 36\g ;S5 eGg] ;TonfO{ hfg]df pm cfkm\;]cfkm\ jf‚tljs ?kdf ;xL ƒ c;n dfG5] aGg]5„ bf]nvf, g]kfn, xfn a]nfot_


;fefƒ

;a}sf] dfofn' aGbgf lbbL hgsClif ƒfO{ -rflDnª_ aGbgf yfkf, 3ƒdf dfofn] af]nfpg] gfd …aGw'Ú„ olQ g} xf] pgsf] kflƒjflƒs klƒro„ tƒ, hlta]nf 3ƒ 5f]8]ƒ b[li6 g]kfnsf] sfof{no cfpFl5g\ psf] klƒro kmƒflsnf] ePƒ hfG5„ of] kmƒflsnf] klƒrosf] k5fl8 slƒa b'O{ jif{sf] lg‚jfy{ nufgL ƒx]sf] 5„ of] nufgLn] g} 3ƒklƒjfƒsf] ;b‚on] slxNo} b]Vb} gb]v]sf] ƒ lrGb} glrg]sf] dflg;x?n] cToGt ;Ddfgsf ;fy …aGbgf lbbLÚ eg]ƒ ;Daf]wg u5{g\„ 3ƒsL PSnL 5f]ƒL aGbgfn] aGbgf lbbLsf] klƒro ‚yflkt ug'{ aGbgfsf] klƒjfƒsf] nflu dfq xf]Og l;+uf] wƒfgsf] nflu uj{sf] ljifo xf]„ lsgsL, aGbgfn] h'g If]qdf xft xflng\ Tof] If]q ;dfhsf] a'emfO{df eljio gePsf] jf ;dfhn] ;Ddfg guƒ]sf] If]q lyof]„ ;dfhsf] a'emfO{ h‚t} aGbgfsf] klg a'emfO{ x'Fbf] xf] t pgL olta]nf sf]lƒog efiff l;s]ƒ sf]lƒof hflGyg\ xf]nf jf lxa|' efiff l;s]ƒ Ohƒfon hflGyg\ xf]nf„ of] klg g;s] sd;]sd 3ƒ]n' sfdbfƒ ag]ƒ dn]l;of jf n]agfg hfg ;lSyg\„ pgnfO{ cfkmGtn] a]nfot a‚gsf] nflu af]nfPsf klg x'g\„ tƒ, a]nfot a‚g dlƒxQ] ug]{ g]kfnLsf] nsf]{df pgL kg{ rflxgg\„ ;DembfF klg ƒdfO{nf] nfUg] a]nfotsf] ƒdemdsf] sNkgfn] aGbgfnfO{ ƒlQeƒ 5f]Pg„ pgnfO{ k6Ss} dg ePg ljb]z hfg] ƒ sfd uƒ]ƒ wg sdfpg]„ To;}n] wƒfg–!(, gfƒfo0f rf}ssf] Pp6f ;fgf] sf]7fdf c6fOg\, hxfF b[li6 g]kfnsf] sfof{no 5„ pgsf] wfƒ0ff 5– æcl6G5, tƒ c6\g] rfxgf ug'{k5{„Æ ;fgf] sf]7fdf c6]sf] b[li6 g]kfnn] ljz]if uƒL dlxnf nfu"cf}ifw k|of]stf{sf] afƒ]df sfd u5{„ oxL b[li6 g]kfndf ƒx]ƒ aGbgfn]] dlxnf nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{nfO{ pkrfƒ jf cGo ;xhLsƒ0fsf] nflu kƒfdz{ lbg] sfd ul5{g\„ cem egf}F g oxL sf]7faf6 aGbgf yfkfn] dlxnf nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{nfO{ ;dfh a'emfpFl5g\ ƒ hLjg afFRg] xf};nf lblG5g\„ b[li6 g]kfnsf] an];L 6]s]ƒ kfOg] xf};nf af]s]ƒ g} s]xL nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{ dlxnfx? ;fdflhs hLjgdf ƒdfOƒx]sf 5g\„ b[li6 g]kfndf pkfWoIf ƒx]sL aGbgf yfkfnfO{ e]6]kl5 w]ƒ} nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{ dlxnfx?n] ;dfhsf] gofF ;+ƒrgf ƒ ;dfhdf cfˆgf] ;Defjgf b'j} b]Vg] u5{g\„ ƒ, ;fdflhs hLjgdf kms{G5g\„ …s;}sf] hLjgnfO{ yf]ƒ} k|of;n] abNg ;lsG5 eg] lsg of] sfd gug]{ <Ú pgn] oxL ;f]r]ƒ g} of] If]qdf nflug\ h'g If]qnfO{ ;dfhn] 3[0ffsf] If]q dfGy]„ ;dfhn] pknlAwxLg eg]sf] If]qdf pknlAw vf]Hg lgl‚sPsL aGbgfnfO{ wƒfgjf;Ln] gkfPsf] xf] eg] nfu" cf}ifw k|of]ustf{ dlxnf;Fu d[To' ƒ ;fdflhs ltƒ‚sfƒeGbf csf]{ ljsNk x'g] lyPg„ nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{ eGgf;fy ;dfhn] 3[0ff ug]{ wƒfgsf] ;fdflhs k[i7e"lddf cem dlxnf nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{sf] afƒ]df ;dfhnfO{ ;sfƒfTds agfpg] wfƒ0ff lnPƒ cfpg' cfkm}df klg cfljisfƒ lyof]„ To;}n] b[li6 g]kfnsf] pkl‚ylt;Fu} aGbgfn] ax;sf] ;'?jft ulƒlbPsL 5g\ – …nfu"cf}ifw k|of]u ;fdflhs ;d‚of xf]„Ú o;ƒL ax;sf] ;'?jft ug]{ aGbgf ‚jod\ eg] nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{ xf]Ogg\„ …nfu"cf}ifwsf] afƒ]df hfGg' nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{ g} x'g'k5{Ú eGg] j}rflƒs cfu|xaf6 kƒ 5g\ aGbgf„ Jo}olQms cg'e"ltnfO{ ;dflhsLsƒ0f ug{ ;lsof] eg] dfq klg a'‰g ;lsG5 – nfu"cf}ifw k|of]unfO{„ pgL elG5g\ – æcg'e"lt ;fdflhs ;+ƒrgfn] pTkGg uƒfpF5„ dnfO{ nfu"cf}ifwsf] cg'e"ltn] a9L ;+j]bgzLn agfof] ƒ 7f]lSsg cfO{k'u]+„Æ xf], aGbgf ;dfhsf] ;+ƒrgfn] pTkGg uƒfpg] ljleGg ;+j]bgfdWo] nfu"cf}ifwsf] ;+j]bgf af]s]ƒ ;dfhdf ;sfƒfTds x‚tIf]k ug{ plePsf 5g\„ pgL rfxlG5g\ –Pp6f nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{ dlxnfnfO{ k'?if ;ƒx klƒjfƒn] pkrfƒ ;]jf lbg'k5{„

Pp6L dlxnf cflvƒ lsg nflug\ t of] kmƒs If]qdf < g t of] If]q ;fdflhs ?kn] ;Ddflgt 5 g t s'g} 7"nf] k|flKt„ aGbgfsf] wfƒ0ff 5 –…cfˆgf] cfsf+Iffx?af6 cfkm"nfO{ hf]ufpg g;lsFbf] ƒx]5„Ú ;fob, oxL ePƒ g} aGbgfn] cfkm"nfO{ hf]ufpg ;dfhsf] a'emfO{df gƒfd|f] ƒx]sf] jf eljio gePsf] ljifo ƒf]lhg\„ cfˆg} cfsf+Iffaf6 b]lvPsf] ;'Gbƒtf hlt;'s} sl7g ePklg lk|o g} x'Fbf]ƒx]5„ To;}n] klg of] ljifo lk|o lyof] aGbgfnfO{„ lsg lk|o nfUof] t aGbgfnfO{ of] ljifo < aGbgf elG5g\ –æwƒfgdf ‚yflkt k'ghL{jg s]Gb| ƒ wƒfg o'y ;]G6ƒsf] …lƒXofjÚ k'?ifnfO{ s]lGb|t ulƒPsf] lyof]„ tƒ, wƒfgdf dlxnfx? klg nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{x? x'Fbfx'Fb} klg pgLx?sf] afƒ]df s]xL ;f]lrPsf] lyPg„ To;}n] pgLx?nfO{ klg lƒXofasf] vfFrf] 5 eg]ƒ g} wƒfgdf b[li6 g]kfnsf] zfvf vf]n]sf xf}F„Æ b[li6 g]kfnsf] ‚yfkgf ;Fu} wƒfgdf clxn] dlxnf nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{nfO{ s]lGb|t uƒ]ƒ s]xL ;]jf tyf kƒfdz{ s]Gb| vf]lnPsf 5g\„ æoxL g} k|flKt xf]Æ – aGbgf elG5g\ –æo;ƒL dlxnfnfO{ s]lGb|t uƒ]ƒ pkrfƒ s]Gb| vf]Ng' eg]sf] nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{ dlxnfdf nufgL x'g' xf]„ pkrfƒ s]Gb|sf] ‚yfkgfn] dlxnf nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{sf] afƒ]df wƒfgjf;L lrlGtt ePsf] 5 eGg] b]vfpF5„Æ ;dfhdf nfu"kbfy{ k|of]usf] lj?4df ƒ nfu"cf}ifw k|of]u ug]{nfO{ Joj‚yfkg ug{df ;lqmo ƒx]sf aGbgfnfO{ cfdfa'afn] slxn] klg 5f]ƒL of] agf];\ Tof] agf];\ eg]gg\„ ƒ, aGbgf cfkm}n] klg eljiodf of] jf Tof] aG5' eGg] wfƒ0ff ƒfv]sL lyOgg\„ pgnfO{ ;fgf] 5Fbfsf] dw'ƒf] ;Demgf olQdfq 5 –ljBfnodf 5l8 af]s]ƒ ;fyLx?nfO{ l;sfpg] uƒ]sf]„ ;fgf]df 5l8 af]s]ƒ ;fyLnfO{ l;sfpg] aGbgf clxn] 5l8 gaf]sL dlxnf nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{x?nfO{ hLjg l;sfpg yfn]sL l5g\„ cln sfnL j0f{sL aGbgf yfkf dlxnf nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{sf] ;jfn p7fpg] If]qdf PsfPs jf ƒxƒn] cfPsL xf]Ogg\„ dlxnf nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{x?n] ef]u]sf] kL8f cfkm"df cg'jfb uƒ]ƒ g} cfTdaf6} pgL of] If]qdf nfu]sL x'g\„ ;fFRr} eGg] xf] eg] aGbgfsf] klƒjfƒsf] s'g} klg ;b‚o of] If]qdf nfu]sf 5}gg\„ 3ƒsL PSnL 5f]ƒL aGbgf klƒjfƒd} PSnL klg x'g\ hf] of] If]qdf nfu]„ aGbgf of] If]qdf nfu]sf] sfƒ0fn] g} xf]nf clxn] wƒfgdf hltklg k'g‚yflk{t dlxnf nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{ 5g\ pgLx?sf] dgdf slxNo} glƒ;fpg] sfnL j0f{sf] aGbgfsf] cfs[lt afFr]sf] 5„ s]xL k'g‚yf{lkt dlxnfx? hfluƒ] ;d]t ePsf 5g\„ ;dfhdf hf] k'g‚yf{lkt jf d] @)!$

35


;fefƒ

…s;}sf] hLjgnfO{ yf]ƒ} k|of;n] abNg ;lsG5 eg] lsg of] sfd gug]{ <Ú pgn] oxL ;f]r]ƒ g} of] If]qdf nflug\ h'g If]qnfO{ ;dfhn] 3[0ffsf] If]q dfGy]„ ;dfhn] pknlAwxLg eg]sf] If]qdf pknlAw vf]Hg lgl‚sPsL aGbgfnfO{ wƒfgjf;Ln] gkfPsf] xf] eg] nfu" cf}ifw k|of]ustf{ dlxnf;Fu d[To' ƒ ;fdflhs ltƒ‚sfƒeGbf csf]{ ljsNk x'g] lyPg„ nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{ eGgf;fy ;dfhn] 3[0ff ug]{ wƒfgsf] ;fdflhs k[i7e"lddf cem dlxnf nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{sf] afƒ]df ;dfhnfO{ ;sfƒfTds agfpg] wfƒ0ff lnPƒ cfpg' cfkm}df klg cfljisfƒ lyof]„ To;}n] b[li6 g]kfnsf] pkl‚ylt;Fu} aGbgfn] ax;sf] ;'?jft ulƒlbPsL 5g\ – …nfu"cf}ifw k|of]u ;fdflhs ;d‚of xf]„Ú

hfluƒ] ePƒ gofF hLjg afFr]sf 5g\ pgLx?nfO{ b]v]ƒ dg v'zL x'g] uƒ]sf] atfpg] aGbgf elG5g\ –æs]xL ƒfd|f] sfd ug{ d ;xof]uL ePF„ pgLx? -nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{ dlxnf_ ;'lw|g grfx]sf] eP d sxfF ;kmn x'Gy]F ƒ ÛÆ o‚tf s]xL k|flKtx?n] aGbgfnfO{ ;Gt'i6 agfPsf] 5 eg] nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{ dlxnfx?sf] x[bon] aGbgfnfO{ kfq agfPƒ arfPsf] 5„ jf‚tjdf aGbgf nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{ dlxnfsf] hLjgdf o‚tf] klxnf] kfq x'g\ h;n] gofF af6f] vf]Hg] xf};nf lblG5g\„ aGbgfn] nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{ dlxnfdf ;sfƒfTds vf]hLsf] nflu py'nk'y'n NofplF5g\ ƒ hLjgnfO{ gofF ult lbg pTk|]lƒt ul5{g\„ hLjgsf] of] gofF ultn] JolQmut ?kdf nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{ dlxnfnfO{ kmfObf t k'U5 g}, Tof] eGbf a9L t ef]lnsf] wƒfgn] nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{nfO{ xf]Og nfu"cf}ifwnfO{ 3[0ff ug]{ kƒDkƒfsf] yfngL klg ;Eo 9+un] cfh}af6 ;'?jft uƒ]sf] 5„ of] ;'?jftL ofqfdf nfUg' eg]ƒ s;}n] klg

36

d] @)!$

aGbgfnfO{ eg]g„ ƒ, s;}n] geg]sf] of] If]qdf nfUg] k|]ƒ0ffsf] >f]t klg s;}nfO{ dfGb}lgg\„ olQ xf] wƒfgdf nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{ a9\g yfn]kl5 dgleq}af6 of] If]qdf nfUg] dg knfof]„ ;dfhsf cGo Jojxfƒx?df h;ƒL dlxnfx?k|lt e]befj x'G5 To;}uƒL nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{sf] ;jfndf klg dlxnfx? al9 zf]if0fdf kƒ]sf] s'ƒfn] pgnfO{ gƒfd|ƒL kf]Nof]„ nfu"cf}ifw vfgsf] nflu zƒLƒ g} ;dk{0f ug'{kg]{ pgn] w]ƒ} dlxnfx?sf] 36gf ;'lgg\„ oxL 36gfn] g} pgL cToGt} c?n] 3[0ff uƒ]sf] tƒ cfkm"n] gofF dfg]sf] If]qdf dlxnf x'g'sf] cg'e"lt ;lxt cfOg\„ nfu"cf}ifwdf kml;;s]sf dlxnfx?nfO{ klƒjfƒn] jf‚tf gug]{ ePsf]n] pgLx? k'?if nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{ ;fd' ;dlk{t x'g' kg]{ cj‚yf ƒx]sf] atfpg] aGbgfsf] wfƒ0ff 5 –æk'?if ;fyLx?n] nfu"cf}ifwnfO{ xltofƒ agfPƒ zfƒLlƒs ;DaGw ƒfVg] sfƒ0fn] dlxnfx? of] If]qdf a9L vtƒfhGo cj‚yfdf ƒx]sf 5g\„Ú aGbgf elG5g\ –æk'?if hlQsf] 7uL ug{, 9fF6\g jf rf]ƒL ug{ dlxnfx?n] g;Sg]

ePsf]n] dlxnfx?nfO{ k|To]s …8f]hÚ sf] nflu ljleGg k'?if;Fu zƒLƒ ;dk{0f ug'{kg]{ afWotf ƒx]sf] 5„Æ pgsf] cg'ejdf of] If]qdf klg 5f]ƒfnfO{ eGbf 5f]ƒLnfO{ klƒjfƒaf6 lje]b x'g] uƒ]sf] 5„ s] lje]b 5 t ;fdflhs b[li6sf]0fdf aGbgf elG5g\ – æPp6} 3ƒsf] 5f]ƒf ƒ 5f]ƒL nfu"cf}ifw lnG5g\ eg] 5f]ƒLnfO{ v'Nnf lxF8\g glbg], lax] ug{ ufx|f] x'g] s'ƒf cfdfa'afn] atfpF5g\ eg] 5f]ƒfsf] xsdf 5f]ƒf t xf], s] x'G5 ƒ < eGg] h‚tf ;fdflhs dgf]efj ƒx]sf] 5„ jf‚tjdf of] lje]b g} xf]„Æ of] If]qdf slƒa tLg jif{ latfPsL aGbgf nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{ dlxnfx?sf] nflu … aGbgf lbbLÚn] ‚yflkt l5g\„ pgn] nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{ dlxnfsf] efjgf ƒfd|f];Fu a'em]sf]n] g} xf]nf w]ƒ} gofF dfG5]x? aGbgfnfO{ klg k"j{ nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{ dlxnf g} 7fG5g\„ cfkm"n] hfGb} ghfg]sf] If]qdf klg ‚yflkt x'g ;s]sf] afƒ]df pgL elG5g\ – æcfTdfaf6 nfu]kl5 ;a}s'ƒf hflgFbf] ƒx]5„ ;a} s'ƒf 5f]8]ƒ d of] If]qdf cfTdaf6} nfu]F„Æ ;fFRr} g} of] pd]ƒdf cƒa hfFbL x'g t 36Ldf pgsf] gfddf wƒfgdf Ps s7\7f 38]ƒL ƒ s]xL a}+s Aofn]G; x'GYof]„ cfTdfaf6} nfu]sf] x'gfn] ;fƒf ef}lts ;'ljwfnfO{ jf‚t} guƒL pgL of] d}bfgdf cfOg\„ k|flKt s]xL gb]lvg] of] d}bfgdf ca …aGbgf lbbLÚ egLdfUg' g} 7"nf] ;DklQ ePsf] 5„ of] If]qdf nuftfƒsf] sfd uƒfO{sf] cg'ejn] wƒfgsf] afƒ]df aGbgf elG5g\ –æcfly{s ?kn] ;DkGgx? n's]ƒ vfg] ePsf]n] v'n]sf 5}gg\„ tƒ, cfly{s cj‚yf sdhf]ƒ ePsfx? eg] v'lnƒx]sf 5g\„Æ pgsf] ts{ 5 – v'n]ƒ cfpg' g} JolQm, ;dfh ƒ klƒjfƒsf] nflu kmfO{bf 5„ v'n]ƒ cfpg]x?n] w]ƒ} ƒ tYout kƒfdz{ kfpF5g\ ƒ ƒf]uaf6 hf]lug ;S5g\„ clxn]sf …6LgPh;{Ú df …lxƒf]OHdÚ ePsf]n] pgLx? nfu"cf}ifwdf km‚g] uƒ]sf] bfaL aGbgfsf] ƒx]sf] 5„ cfdfnfO{ cToGt} dfof ug]{ aGbgf ksjfg ljBfdf ƒfd|f] hfgsfƒL ƒflV5g\„ klqsfdf 5flkPsf] gofF klƒsfƒnfO{ km';{bdf agfpg' pgsf] JolQmut zf}v xf]„ O{nfddf hGd]ƒ wƒfgnfO{ sfo{If]q agfPsf oL #$ jif]{ cljjflxt aGbgf yfkf s] sf nflu slxn];Dd of] If]qdf nflU5g\ t < pgs} zAbdf –æ;]jfsf] nflu nfu]sf] xf]„ To;df klg dlxnfx?sf] nflu„ x]ƒf}F, hlx];Dd b[li6 g]kfn ƒxG5, Tolxa]nf;Dd ;fob of] aGbgf sfd ulƒƒxG5„Æ ef]lnsf] wƒfg lgdf{0f ug]{ ;fdfGo wƒfgjf;Ln] cg'et" ug]5 { g\ – aGbgf h‚tfsf a]km';b{ L dg ƒ dl‚tisaf6 g} nfu"cf}ifw k|of]ustf{ dlxnfsf] afƒ]df ;sfƒfTds aGg] ;Eo wƒfgsf] lgdf{0f ;Dej ePsf] xf]„

-wƒfgnfO{ nfu"cf}ifw d'Qm b]Vg rfxg] ;dfh;]jL efjgfåfƒf cf]tk|f]t ƒx]sf o'jf lgs]z lnDa" -xfn la|l6z ;]gfdf sfo{ƒt_åfƒf k|sflzt tyf kqsfƒ hgsClif ƒfO{ -rflDnª_åfƒf n]lvPsf] k'‚ts gofF hLjg af6 ;fefƒ_


l6kg6fkg

;fuƒ clwsfƒL

ljZjsf tx? l k a ƒ c

ljZjsf cƒakltx?sf] ;+Vof gofF prfO{ ƒ gofF ;+Vofdf ƒx]sf] 5„ s'n !,^$% cƒakltx?sf] s'n ;DklQ cd]lƒsg 8nƒ ^=$ l6«lnog ƒx]sf] 5„ cƒaklt dlxnfx?sf] ;+Vof !&@ 5„ lan u]6\; d]lS;sf]sf] 6]lnsdsf dflns sfnf]{; l‚nd x]n'nfO{ pl5Gb} k|yd ‚yfgdf 5g\„ dfs{ h'sƒau{sf] cfDbfgL of] jif{ a9]sf]] 5„ ;+o'Qm ƒfHo cd]lƒsf $(@ cƒakltx? ;lxt k|yd ‚yfgdf, rLg !%@ hgf ;lxt bf];|f] ƒ ?; !!! cƒakltx? uƒL t];|f] ‚yfgdf ƒx]sf] 5„ cNh]lƒof, lny'jflgof, tfGhflgof ƒ o'uf08f h‚tf b]zx?af6 klg km]fA;{sf] cƒakltx?sf] gfdfjfnLdf kƒ]sf 5g\„ ;du|df cƒakltx?dWo] b'O{ ltxfOn] cfkm\gf] d]xgt, !# k|ltzt k}lt[s ;DklQ, @! k|ltzt yk d]xgtaf6 ag]sf] kfOPsf] 5„

k|d'v cƒakltx? M

lan u]6\; M ljZjsf wgL JolQmx?dWo] !% k6s pgL k|yd ‚yfgdf kg{ ;kmn ePsf 5g\„ pgsf] lan P08 d]ln08f u]6\; kmfp08];gn] kf]lnof] lgd{'n sfo{qmd cGtu{t cd]lƒsL 8nƒ ##% ldlnog ;xof]u uƒ]sf] 5„ pgL ƒ jfƒ]g akm]6n] cfu|x uƒ]ƒ !)) hgf cƒakltx?nfO{ cfkm\gf] s'n ;DklQsf] cfwf efu bfg lbg dgfO{ ;s]sf 5g\„ sfnf]{; l‚nd x]n' P08 km]ldnL M cd]lƒsf df]lannfO{ goFf Psflwsfƒ lgod ƒ ;+rfƒ lgod d]lS;sf]df cfPsf] sfƒ0fn] cK7]ƒf] kƒ]sf] 5„ sfnf]{;sf] nufgL b'O{ ‚k]gL sDkgL u|'kf] lk|;f ƒ sfOhf a}+sdf 5„ jfƒ]g akm]6 M *# aif{sf] pd]ƒdf klg akm]6 7'nf 7'nf sfƒfafƒ ub{} 5g\„ cdflG;of] c6]{uf] M ut ;fn pgn] Doffl8«8, Go"of]s{ ƒ n08gdf cd]lƒsL 8nƒ *#) ldlnog aƒfaƒsf] ejg lsg]„ ca pgsf] s'n ejg ;+Vof @^ k'u]sf] 5„ nfƒL Oln;g M Oln;gn] dflna' sfa{g ;d'b| t6df 3ƒx? hf]8\b} 5g\ ƒ xjfO{ ngfO{ låksf] (*Ü efusf] pgL dflns x'g\„ rfN;{ sf]r M rfN;{ sf]r pBf]usf] k|d'v sfo{sfƒL lgb]{zs x'g\, h'g cd]lƒsfsf] bf];|f] 7"nf] lghL ;+‚yf xf]„ ut ;fnsf] t'ngdf pgsf] ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ ^ lalnogn] j9]sf] 5„ 8]le8 sf]r M Go'of]s{sf] ;a}eGbf wgL gfulƒs x'g\ ƒ lƒklAns ueg;{ P;f]l;o;g sf] nflu ;a}eGbf 7"nf ;xof]uL x'g\„ lqm‚6L jfN6g P08 km]ldnL M ljZjsf ;a}eGbf wgL dlxnf x'g\„ ha pgsf] >Ldfg

hf]g jfN6gsf] Kn]g b'3{6gfdf d[To' eof] pgn] klt hf]gsf] ;DklQ k|fKt ulƒg\„

$) jif{ d'lgsf #! hgf cƒakltx? M != k]ƒ]Gff sfO M pd]ƒ @$, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ !=# lalnog, *%Ü nufgL nf]ufg k|f]k6L{ xf]lN8Ë;df„ @= 8l‚6g d‚sf]le6\h M pd]ƒ @(, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ ^=* lalnog, dfs{ h'sƒju{sf] sf]7fdf ;Fu} a‚g] ;fyL„ #= dfs{ h'sƒju{ M pd]ƒ @(, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ @*=% lalnog, k|d'v sfo{sfƒL lgb]{zs km];a's„ $= PG6g Sofylƒg h'lgoƒ M pd]ƒ @(, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ !=#% lalnog, ;+rfns Sofylƒg j]s{ P=hL=„ %= l8«p xfp‚6g M pd]ƒ #), ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ !=@ lalnog, ;x;+rfns 8«k aS;„ ^= cNa6+{ eg y|g M pd]ƒ #), ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ #=* lalnog, 3ƒ hUuf„ &= ‚s6 8gsfg M pd]ƒ #!, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ ^=# lalnog, OG6ƒk|fOh k|f8S6\; kf6{gƒ„ *= Ob'cfƒbf] ;fe]llƒg M pd]ƒ #!, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ $=! lalnog, ;x;+rfns km];a's„ (= ofË x'Oofg M pd]ƒ #@ , ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ ^=( lalnog, ;x ;+rfns sG6«L uf8{g„ !)= kmxb xlƒƒL M pd]ƒ ##, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ !=@ lalnog, n]agfgL k|wfgdGqL ƒlkms xlƒƒLsf sfG5f 5f]ƒf„ !!= dflƒO al‚gcƒ Jo'efnf]6 M pd]ƒ ##, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ @=& lalnog, k|mGr 8]ƒL nfS6fln; !@= l;cg kfs{ƒ M pd]ƒ #$, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ @=$ lalnog, gfK;6ƒsf ;+rfns ƒ k'j{ cWoIf km];a's„ !#= h'lnof j]6sƒ M pd]ƒ #%, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ !=^% lalnog, b j]6sƒ kmr{g' „ !$= ƒf]j6{ k]ƒf M pd]ƒ #%, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ @=& lalnog, o'ljs'6L g]6js{;\„ !% cfPdg xlƒƒL M pd]ƒ #%, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ !=# lalnog, ;fpbL ahƒ„ !^= gf?cfT;' afaf M pd]ƒ #^, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ @=@ lalnog, sf]nf]Kn„ !&= jfOef]g apƒ M pd]ƒ #^, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ #=% lalnog, apƒ d]l8of u|'k„ !*= nƒ]G; xf] M pd]ƒ #&, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ # lalnog, d]Nsf] qmfpg OG6ƒ6]Gfd]G6

!(= of]lzsfh' tfgfsf M pd]ƒ #&, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ !=^ lalnog, k|d'v sfo{sfƒL lgb{]zs lu|„ @)= cn]hfG8«f] ;fG6f] 8f]ldËf] 8fleNNff M pd]ƒ #&, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ !!=! lalnog, afeflƒof la|j]ƒL„ @!= Hofs 8f];]{ M pd]ƒ #&, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ @=@ lalnog, l;lnsg EofnL sDkgL„ @@= hfg spd M pd]ƒ #*, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ ^=* lalnog, jfN6;\ck lgdf{tf„ @#= lgsf]n; p8Dofg M pd]ƒ #*, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ !=# lalnog, k|d'v sfo{sfƒL lgb]{zs lgsf]n; p8Dofg„ @$= g]; sf]nDofg M pd]ƒ #*, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ !=^ lalnog, 6fOuƒ Unf]an Dofg]hd]G6„ @%= o';sf d]Ohfjf M pd]ƒ #*, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ !=@% lalnog, cgnfOg km];g dn hf]hf]6fpg„ @^= ƒfx]n Anf]rƒ M pd]ƒ #* , ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ @=( lalnog, OD;r]ld„ @&= hf]g cfg{N8 M pd]ƒ #(, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ @=( lalnog, ;]G6fpƒ; P8\efOh;{„ @*= hf]g clƒGhƒ M pd]ƒ #(, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ !=#% lalnog, ;6ƒ‚6s„ @(= lnp lsofª8Ë M pd]ƒ #( , ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ @=& lalnog, h]l8 86 sd„ #)= ¥ofg sfefgpu M pd]ƒ #(, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ ! lalnog, lƒn]l6le6L d]l8of„ #!= ldlƒofd Anf]rƒ M pd]ƒ #(, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ !=! lalnog, OD;r]ld„

dlxnf cƒakltx? M ;]lƒn ;fG8au{ M pd]ƒ $$, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ !=)% lalnog, cd]lƒsf, ‚jd]xgt, n]lvsf lng Og„ kmfn]f?G;f] cnflshf M pd]ƒ ^#, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ @=% lalnog, gfOh]lƒof, ‚jd]xgt, gfOh]lƒof t]n sDkgL„ 8]lgh sf]c6\; M pd]ƒ $^, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ !=^ lalnog, o'gfO6]8 lsË8d, ‚jd]xgt ,a]6 #^%„ POlƒg nfp8ƒ lhG6ƒxf]kmƒ M pd]ƒ $$, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ !=! lalnog, cd]lƒsf, k}t[s ;DklQ, O‚6L nfp8ƒ s‚d]l6s kmd{„ h]g nfp8ƒ M pd]ƒ $!, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ !=!% lalnog, cd]lƒsf, k}t[s ;DklQ, s‚d]l6s„ d] @)!$

37


l6kg6fkg ;fGb|f c6]{uf d]ƒf M pd]ƒ $^, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ ^=! lalnog, ‚k]g, k}t[s ;DklQ, nQf sk8f„

efƒtsf cƒakltx? M d's]z cDafgL M pd]ƒ %&, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ @^=* lalnog, k]6«f]n, t]n ƒ UofF;„ nIdL ldQn M pd]ƒ ^#, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ !^=# lalnog, l‚6n„ clhd k|]dhL M pd]ƒ ^*, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ !$=% lalnog, ;km\6j]oƒ„ lblnk ;ËeL M pd]ƒ %*, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ !#=! lalnog, kmfd]{;L„ lzj gf8ƒ M pd]ƒ ^*, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ !)=& lalnog, ;'rgf k|ljwL„ s'dfƒ lanf{ M pd]ƒ $^, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ *=$ lalnog, dfn;dfg . clgn cfDafgL M pd]ƒ %$, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ *=! lalnog, ljljw„ ;flaqL lhGbfn P08 km]ldnL M pd]ƒ ^$, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ ^=* lalnog, l‚6n„ ;'lgn ldQn P08 km]ldnL M pd]ƒ %^, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ ^=& lalnog, 6]lnsd„ zzL P08 ƒle ?cf M ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ ^=^ lalnog, ljljw„

g]kfnsf Psdfq cƒaklt lagf]b rf}wƒL M pd]ƒ %(, ;DklQ cd]lƒsL 8nƒ !=! lalnog, ljljw ***

!= lan u]6\; &&=% lalnog o'P;8nƒ pd]ƒ M %* jif{ ;|f]t M dfOs|f];km\6 hGd‚yfg M ;+o'Qm ƒfHo cd]lƒsf ;+‚yf M dfOqmf];km\6, lan P08 d]ln08f u]6\; kmp08];g

@= sfn]f{; l‚nd P08 km]ldnL &!=$ lalnog o'P;8nƒ pd]ƒ M %* jif{ ;|f]t M 6]lnsd hGd‚yfg M ;+o'Qm ƒfHo cd]lƒsf ;+‚yf M cd]lƒsg df]ljn, u|'kf] sf;f]{, Go"of]s{ 6fOD; skf]{ƒ];g

38

d] @)!$

#= jfƒ]g akm]6 ^% lalnog o'P;8nƒ pd]ƒ M *# jif{ ;|f]t M js{;fOƒ xfyfj] hGd‚yfg M ;+o'Qm ƒfHo cd]lƒsf ;+‚yf M O{Uhf]g df]an, js{;fOƒ xfyfj]

^= 8]le8 sf]r $)=& lalnog o'P;8nƒ pd]ƒ M &$ jif{ ;|f]t M ljljw hGd‚yfg M ;+o'Qm ƒfHo cd]lƒsf ;+‚yf M sf]r O08l‚6«h

$= cdflG;of] cf]6]{hf ^!=^ lalnog o'P;8nƒ pd]ƒ M &* jif{ ;|f]t M v'b|f Jofkfƒ hGd‚yfg M ‚k]g

*= ls|‚6L jfN6g P08 km]ldnL #&=# lalnog o'P;8nƒ pd]ƒ M %( jif{ ;|f]t M jfn df6{ hGd‚yfg M ;+o'Qm ƒfHo cd]lƒsf ;+‚yf M lrN8«g ‚sf]nƒl;k km08

%= nfƒL Oln;g %!=^ lalnog o'P;8nƒ pd]ƒ M ^( jif{ ;|f]t M cf]ƒfsn hGd‚yfg M ;+o'Qm ƒfHo cd]lƒsf ;+‚yf M cf]ƒfsn

(= z]N8g cb]N;g #^=^ lalnog o'P;8nƒ pd]ƒ M *) jif{ ;|f]t M Sofl;gf] hGd‚yfg M ;+o'Qm ƒfHo cd]lƒsf ;+‚yf M nf; e]u; ;fG8;\

^= rfN;{ sf]r $)=& lalnPg cd]lƒsL 8nƒ= pd]ƒ M &* jif{ ;|f]t M ljljw hGd‚yfg M ;+o'Qm ƒfHo cd]lƒsf ;+‚yf M sf]r O08l‚6«h

!)= agf8{ cfƒgpN6 P08 km]ldln #%=( lalnog o'P;8nƒ pd]ƒ M ^% jif{ ;|f]t M Pn=le=Pr=Pd hGd‚yfg M k|mfG; ;+‚yf M Pn=le=Pr=Pd


l6kg6fkg #)=! lalnog o'P;8nƒ pd]ƒ M $) jif{ ;|f]t M u'un hGd‚yfg M ;+o'Qm ƒfHo cd]lƒsf ;+‚yf M u'un

!!= lnnog a]6gsf]6{ P08 km]ldln #%=( lalnog o'P;8nƒ pd]ƒ M (! jif{ ;|f]t M PnÚ jlƒon hGd‚yfg M k|mfG;

!@= lhd jfN6g\ #%=! lalnog o'P;8nƒ pd]ƒ M ^^ jif{ ;|f]t M jfn df6{ hGd‚yfg M ;+o'Qm ƒfHo cd]lƒsf ;+‚yf M cfe]{‚6 a}lsË u|'k

!#= P; ƒa;g jfN6g\ #$=& lalnog o'P;8nƒ pd]ƒ M &) jif{ ;|f]t M jfndf6{ hGd‚yfg M ;+o'Qm ƒfHo cd]lƒsf ;+‚yf M jfndf6{

!$= cln; jfN6g\ #$=& lalnog o'P;8nƒ pd]ƒ M ^$ jif{ ;|f]t M jfndf6{ hGd‚yfg M ;+o'Qm ƒfHo cd]lƒsf ;+‚yf M ls|‚6n la|h]h Do'lhod ckm cd]lsg cf6{

!%= ln sf l;Ë lalnog o'P;8nƒ pd]ƒ M *% jif{ ;|f]t M ljljw hGd‚yfg M xªsª ;+‚yf M x'lr;g xjfd\kf]jf

!^= dfOsn An'Dau{ #@=* lalnog o'P;8nƒ pd]ƒ M &@ jif{ ;|f]t M An'Dau{ hGd‚yfg M ;+o'Qm ƒfHo cd]lƒsf ;+‚yf M d]oƒ, Go"of]s{

@)= h]km a]hf]; @*=( lalnog o'P;8nƒ pd]ƒ M %) jif{ ;|f]t M cd]hg 86 sd hGd‚yfg M ;+o'Qm ƒfHo cd]lƒsf ;+‚yf M cd]hg 86 sd

@!= dfs{ h'sƒau{ @&=@ lalnog o'P;8nƒ pd]ƒ M #) jif{ ;|f]t M km];a's hGd‚yfg M ;+o'Qm ƒfHo cd]lƒsf ;+‚yf M km];a's

!&= ‚6]kmg k;{g #@=& lalnog o'P;8nƒ pd]ƒ M ^^ jif{ ;|f]t M Pr P08 Pd hGd‚yfg M ‚jL8]g ;+‚yf M Pr P08 Pd @@= d's]z cfDafgL @^=* lalnog o'P;8nƒ pd]ƒ M %& jif{ ;|f]t M k]6«n, t]n ƒ UofF; hGd‚yfg M efƒt ;+‚yf M lƒnfoG; OG8l‚6«h !*= nfƒL k]h #)=$ lalnog o'P;8nƒ pd]ƒ M $! jif{ ;|f]t M u'un hGd‚yfg M ;+o'Qm ƒfHo cd]lƒsf ;+‚yf M u'un

!(= ;h]{ la|g

@#= ld;n km]ƒf]ƒf] P08 km]ldnL @^=* lalnog o'P;8nƒ pd]ƒ M *( jif{ ;|f]t M rsn]6 hGd‚yfg M O6fnL -;|f]t M kmf]A;{ j]a;fO6_ d] @)!$

39


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ljZjsk @)!$ s;n] lhTnf < 8f= ;'efif e§ƒfO{, Unf];]i6ƒ;foƒ, n08g

dx]z clwsf/L

8f= e§ƒfO{nfO{ o;cl3sf ljZjsk k|ltof]lutf x]g]{ cj;ƒ sd}dfq ldn]sf] ƒx]5„ dgkg]{ v]n km'6an, ƒfi6« ch]{lG6gf tyf O{ªNof08 ePƒ klg klxn] klxn] g]kfndf x'Fbf ƒ xfn oltv]ƒsf] Jo‚t n08gsf] a;fO{df cWoog, hfluƒn] o;f] x'g uPsf] pxfF atfpg'x'G5„ o; cl3sf ljZjsk k|lt‚kwf{af6 Tolt w]ƒ} cfgGb lng gkfP klg Dofƒf8f]gf, k]n] tyf a|flhlnog ƒf]gfN8f]sf] v]nsf afƒ]df pxfF ƒfd|} hfgsfƒ ePsf] atfpg'x'G5„ !(() sf] O{6nLdf ePsf] ljZjsk kmfOgn v]n lht]ƒ ch]{lG6gf RoflDkog aGg] pxfFsf] ljZj;lgotfnfO{ hd{gLn] 5tf5'Nn kflƒlbPsf] cem} klg pxfFnfO{ ofb 5„ ƒfd|f] k|bz{gsf] afjh'b Dofƒf8f]gf ƒ pgsf ch]{lG6gL 6f]nL Toltv]ƒ cefuL ;fljt ePsf] pxfF atfpg'x'G5„ g]kfnsf afƒ]df eg] pxfFn] w]ƒ} ug{ afFsL ƒx]sf] ƒ clxn]sf] g]kfnsf] c‚tJo‚ttf -;a} If]qdf_ x]bf{ g]kfnn] ljZjsk v]n]sf] x]g{ sd;]sd c? b'O{ bzs nfUg] pxfFsf] ts{ 5„

v]n hutdf ;jf{lws nf]slk|o k|lt‚kwf{ ljZjsk @)!$ sf] k|ltIff ca nueu ;dfKt ePsf] 5„ cfufdL h'g !@ df a|flhnsf] ;fp kfjnf] ‚6]l8oddf la|6]gsf] ;do cg';fƒ ƒftsf] ( ah] ;'? x'g] pb\3f6g v]n;Fu} Ps dlxgf -!# h"nfO{ cfO{tjfƒ_df ;dfKt x'g] of] d]nfdf hDdf #@ ƒfi6«sf] ;xeflutf ePtfklg ljZjsf ;a}h;f] s'gfsf km\ofg, bz{sx?n] 6]lnlehgdfkm{t o; v]nsf] dhf lng]5g\„ rfƒ÷rfƒ jif{sf] k|ltIff ƒxg] o; ljZjsk xƒ]s cj;ƒdf em}F v]nf8Lx? cfkm\gf] ;Fu;Fu} cfkm\gf] ƒfi6«sf] efUo chdfpg] of] Ps ;'j0f{ cj;ƒsf] ?kdf lnG5g\„ km"6an v]nsf km\ofgx? Plzofnufot g]kfndf klg k|z‚t} 5g\„ ljleGg ƒfi6«af6 k|ltlglwTj ug]{ #@ 6Ldsf cfkm\gf ƒfli6«o km\ofg t kSs} Aou| 5g\ o; k|ltof]lutf x]g{, cfkm\gf] 6LdnfO{ kmfO{gndf k'¥ofpg ƒ RoflDkog aGb} ljZjsksf] 6«kmL r'd]sf] x]g{ ;fy;fy} k|ltof]lutfdf gkƒ]sf ƒfi6«af6 klg Ps Ps pDbf v]nf8L ƒ 6f]nLnfO{ ;dy{gdf pn{g] km\ofg hxfF;'s} 5g\„ g]kfnsf] ;docg';fƒ ƒftsf] ;dodf kg]{ o; k|ltof]lutfsf k|foh;f] v]nx?n] g]kfnL km\ofgx?nfO{ eg] ;xh ;do kSs} klg 5}g„ tƒ km'6an x]g]{ c;Ld clenfiffsf ;fy kvf{O{df a;]sf nfvf}F km\ofgnfO{ o;n] 5]safƒ kSs} nufpg] 5}g„ dlxnf, k'?if, ;fgf ;fgf efOalxgLx?nfO{ o;sf] qm]h dh}n] ƒx]sf] v]n ;e]{If0fdf d}n] kfPsf] 5'„ d}n] ljZjsksf] ;+3fƒdf w]ƒ} km'6an km\ofgx?nfO{ -s_ ljZjsk slQsf] x]g'{x'G5< -v_ tkfO{sf] dg kg]{ ljZjskdf ;xefuL ƒfi6«, Snj ƒ v]nf8L sf] xf] < -u_ @)!$ ljZjsk ljh]tf ƒfi6« sf] xf]nf < ƒ -3_ ljZjskdf g]kfnL 6f]nLsf] ;xeflutfsf] ;Defjgf slxn];Dddf b]Vg'x'G5 < cflbjfƒ] ;f]w]sf] lyP„ s]xL pQƒx? o‚tf 5g\„

glag kf]vƒ]n, n08g

O{=ƒfhs'dfƒ qLkf7L, Xofƒf], n08g

!^ jif{df kfO{nf 6]s]sf ?las km"6ansf] afƒ]df y'k|} 1fg ePsf] atfpF5g\„ pgn] * jif{ pd]ƒb]lv g5'6fO{ x]ƒ]sf] pgnfO{ ;Demgf 5„ Snjsf] v]ndf ƒdfpg] ?ljssf] km]aƒ]6 Snj Dofgr]i6ƒ o'gfO{6]8 xf] eg] ?gL tyf ƒf]gfN8f] pgsf b'O{ km"6an lxƒf]x? x'g\„ pgLx?sf] o'un hf]8L Dofgr]i6ƒ o'gfO{6]8df v]n]sf] pgnfO{ tfh} 5„ xfn ƒf]gfN8f] Dofgr]i6ƒ o'gfO{6]8 5f8]ƒ lƒPn Dofl8«8 v]Ng]eP klg ?gLn] v]Ng] O{ª\Nof08 eGbf ƒf]gfN8f]sf] kf]r'{unn] o; ljZjskdf s]xL ug{ ;Sg] pgnfO{ nfU5„ bzƒy ƒ+uzfnf g]kfnL 6f]nLn] v]n]sf] k|ToIf v]nx? c+sn tyf a'jfsf ;fy y'k|}k6s k'u]sf ?lasnfO{ g]kfnL 6f]nLk|lt klg cufw dfof ƒx]sf] atfpF5g\„ ljZjsk h;n] lht]klg v]nsf] ƒf}gs o;k6s klg o;sf km\ ofgx?df emg emg a9\g] s'ƒfdf s'g} z+sf 5}g„ cfof]hs ƒfi6« a|flhnn] o; cfof]hgfnfO{ ;kmn kfg{sf nflu cxf]ƒfq nfuL kƒ]ƒ vl6ƒx]sf] 5„ a]nfa]nfdf cfO{ƒx]sf km'6ank|ltsf ckmjfxx?nfO{ lrb}{ ljZjsk ;kmn xf];\ ƒ pTs[i6 6f]nLn] kmfO{gn lhtf];\ -O{ª\Nof08 g} lah]tf eP emg\ ƒfd|f]_ z'esfdgf„..

6]lnlehgdf k|zfƒ0f ePb]lvg\ -!(()_ cfh;Ddsf ljZjsk v]nx? s'g} g5'6fO{sg x]g{ ;kmn ƒxg' ePsf] atfpg' x'G5 lqkf7L„ Toltv]ƒsf] k9fO{sf] Jo‚ttf ƒ oltv]ƒsf] 3ƒklƒjfƒ, sfd–wGwf;lxt ljleGg ;fdflhs ;+3;+‚yf nufotdf cfkm\gf] cfa4tfsf] afah'b klg ljZjsk x]g{af6 r'Sg pxfF rfxg'x'Gg„ cfkm" O{ª\Nof08df ƒxFb} a‚b} cfPsf]n] klg xf]nf, pxfF 86]ƒ O{ª\Nof08nfO{ ;dy{g ug]{ kIfdf x'g'x'G5, o;k6s„ tƒ jf‚tljstfnfO{ x]b}{ pxfFsf] ljrfƒdf o;k6ssf] ljZjsk ljh]tf eg] a|flhn x'g] s'ƒfdf pxfF 9'Ss x'g'x'G5„ r]N;L Snj pxfFnfO{ dg kg]{ Snj ƒx]5 eg] ch]{lG6gL d]zLsf] v]nn] pxfFnfO{ df]xgL g} nufpFbf] ƒx]5„ g]kfnL 6f]nLsf] ;Defjgfafƒ]df pxfFn] 9'Ss};+u cfufdL @)#) sf] ljZjskdf g]kfn kƒL kf] xfN5 ls eGg' x'G5„ cflvƒ uƒ] c;Dej s] 5 ƒ < lqms]6df t g]kfnn] ;xeflutf hgfO{g} ;s]sf] 5 lg„

40

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k]zfn] kqsflƒtf cFufNg'ePsf kf]vƒ]nsf] cfkm\gf] snd ;a} If]qdf rnfpFb} cfpg' ePsf] ePƒ klg v]n afƒ]df sd dfq hfgsfƒL ƒfVg kfPsf] pxfF atfpg'x'G5„ km"6an To;df klg ljZjsk ;don] EofP;Dd ;fyLefOx?nfO{ ;fy lbgs} nflu eP klg x]b}{ cfPsf] pxfFn] atfpg'eof]„ hGdynf] g]kfnb]lv 6f9f a]nfotnfO{ sd{ynf] agfPb]lv xfn;Dd pxfFsf] ;dy{g ;w}F O{ªNof08 g} ƒxFb} cfPsf] 5„ h]ƒf8{sf] 6Ldl‚klƒ6, o'jf hdftn] elƒPsf] O{ªnLz 6f]nL tyf ?gL ƒ ‚6'lƒhsf] kf6{gƒzLk o;k6s O{ª\Nof08n] s]xL ulƒxfN5 ls Û pxfF cfzfjfbL x'g'x'G5„

lzj e08fƒL, ld8n;]S;, n08g e08fƒLnfO{ xƒ]s rfƒ÷rfƒ jif{sf] ljZjsk cfof]hgf Ps kj{ h‚t} nfU5 ƒ pxfFn] s'g} klg v]n g5'6fO{sg x]g]{ uƒ]sf] atfpg' x'G5„ pxfFsf] egfO{df y'k|} k|ltefjfg v]nf8Lsf] k|lt‚kwf{n] 5flgPsf] #@ ƒfi6« alnof ƒ kmfO{gn lhTg ;Sg] of]Uotf ƒfVb5g\„ tƒ klg cfof]hs ƒfi6« a|flhn ƒ ‚k]g kmfO{gndf k'Ug]df pxfF 9'Ss x'g'x'G5„ klxn]sf v]nf8Lx?df k|mfG;sf lhg]lbg lhbfg] ƒ xfnsf lnof]g]n d]zL pgsf km'6ansf lxƒf]x? x'g\„ lhbfg]sf] k|d'v of]ubfgaf6 k|mfG;n] !((* sf] ljZjsk lhTg ;kmn ePsf] lyof]„ To‚t} pxfFnfO{ o;k6s d]zLsf] hfb' rN5 eGg] nfU5„ u[x d}bfgsf] kmfO{bf p7fpFb} zlQmzfnL a|flhnn] )!$ sf] ljZjsk nfg]df s'g} 6Ldn] ƒf]Sof] eg] Tof] pxfFsf] nflu cfZro{ g} x'g]5„ g]kfnsf afƒ]df] lgs6 eljiod} eg] ;Defjgf gƒx]sf] jxfF atfpg' x'G5„

?las s];L, hL;LP;;L ljBfyL{, lk6ƒaƒf]


v]n ;Gbe{

aL s] kf08] a|flhndf ;g @)!$sf] ljZj sk ;'? x'g ca s]xL lbg dfq afFsL 5„ s]xL lbgleq} xfƒ–lhtsf syfx?n] ;a}sf] Wofg tfGg yfNg] 5g\ „ ljZj km"6ansf] ;+;fƒdf ;jf{lws rlr{t JolQmTj k]n] ljZj skdf hlxn] klg rrf{sf] ljifo ƒ cfsif0f{sf] s]Gb| aGg] u5{g\„ o;k6s eg] pgL ljZjsksf] d'v}df 5f]ƒfsf] sfƒ0fn] klg rrf{sf] ljifo aGg k'u]sf 5g\„ a|flhnsf] Ps cbfntn] pgsf] 5f]ƒf, hf] v]nf8L tyf sf]r klg x'g\, pgnfO{ nfu' cf}ifw sfƒf]afƒdf ## jif{sf] h]n ;hfo ;'gfPsf] 5„ ljZjsksf] d'vdf &% jifL{o k]n]sf] nflu of] 7"nf] tgfjk"0f{ ;jfn aGg k'u]sf] 5„ pgn] cfkm\gf] 5f]ƒf lgbf]{if ƒx]sf] ƒ Gofo kfpg] ljZjf; JoQm uƒ]sf 5g\„ km"6an ;d|f6 k]n] clxn];Dds} rlr{t JolQmTj x'g\„ pgsf ljZjeƒsf ˆofgx?n] klg o; km"6an dxf;+u|fddf pgnfO{ ;Demg] 5g\„ clxn];Dd ljZjsf] km"6an ;+;fƒdf k]n] aƒfaƒsf] bf];|f] v]nf8L hlGdg ;s]sf] 5}g„ pgnfO{ a|flhnn] ƒfli6«o ;Dkbf dfg]sf] 5„ tƒ jf‚tjdf pgL a|flhnsf] dfq xf]Og ;+;fƒs} ;Dkbf x'g\„ Oltxf;df o‚tf] k|ltefzfnL v]nf8L k'gM csf]{ tofƒ x'g ;S5 ls ;Sb}g o;} eGg ;lsGg„ k]n] @# cS6f]jƒ !($) df Ps km"6ank|]dL klƒjfƒdf hlGdPsf lyP„ pgsf] lktf klg km"6an v]nf8L lyP„ cToGt uƒLj ePsf]

sfƒ0f pgsf afa' cfdfn] pgnfO{ km"6an lslglbg] Ifdtf klg ƒfVb}gy]„ ;fg}b]lv km"6an eg]kl5 x'?Ss x'g] k]n] e'md|fsf] km"6an agfPƒ gfËf] v'§fn] ;8s ;8s v]Nb} lxF8\y]„ pgsf] of] uƒLjL ƒ km"6an k|]dsf] sfƒ0f pgnfO{ xf]Rofpg pgnfO{ k]n] elgof]„ ‚yfgLo a|flhlnog efiffdf gfËf] v'§fn] km'6an v]Ng]nfO{ k]n] eg]ƒ x]Kg] ulƒGYof]„ jf‚tjdf pgsf] 3ƒsf] gfd l8sf] lyof]„ b'lgofFn] pgnfO{ lbPsf] gfd k]n] g} cflvƒdf pgn] ‚jLsfƒ uƒ]„ ;8s ;8s e"md|fsf] km"6an bf}8fpFb} lxF8\g] uƒ]sf k]n]n] km"6an lsGgsf] nflu h'Qf kfln; ug]{, l;g]df3ƒdf rgf abfd a]Rg] sfd;Dd uƒ]„ km"6andf ƒx]sf] pgsf] nufjsf] sfƒ0f pgL;Fu pgsf] uƒLjLn] xfƒ vfof]„ cefj cefjs} aLrdf pgL cToGt k|ltefzfnL v]nf8L aGg k'u]„ s]jn !& jif{s} pd]ƒdf a|flhnsf] ƒfli6«o 6Ldsf] ;b‚o ag]„ ;g !(%* df pgn] a|flhnnfO{ ljZj sk lhtfOlbP eg] ;g !(&) df klg a|flhnnfO{ ljZjsk ljh]tf agfpg ;kmn eP„ k]n] km"6ansf hfb'uƒ lyP„ v'§}df an 6F;fPƒ ;k{h‚t} af+luPƒ bu'g{' pgsf] ljz]iftf lyof]„ v]ndf pgsf] pkl‚yltn] ljkIfL bndf 7"nf] dgf]j}1flgs c;ƒ kb{Yof]„ gfOh]lƒofdf pgsf] v]n x]g{sf lglDt b'O{ lbg;Dd o'4 g} aGb eof]„ Oƒfgsf] zfxn] pgL;Fu e]63f6 ug{sf] nflu ljdfg‚yndf # 306f;Dd kv{]„ sf]nlDaofdf ƒ]k|mLn] pgnfO{ v]nd}bfgaf6 lgsfNbf ;Dk"0f{ bz{s d}bfgdf pq]„ cGTodf

pgnfO{ d}bfgdf gNofO{ ƒ]k|mLn] wƒ} kfPgg\„ !( jif{sf] pd]ƒdf pgL a|flhnsf] ;fG6f]; Snj;Fu cg'jlGwt eO{ km"6an v]Ng yfn]„ pQm Snj;Fu v]Ng yfn]sf] !) jif{df slƒj !))) uf]n uƒ]„ v]naf6 ;Gof; lng'k"j{ pgn] !#^( v]ndf !@*! uf]n uƒ]„ pgnfO{ ljleGg wgf9\o Snjx?af6 ƒfd|f] dg} nf]Eofpg] ckmƒx? cfP tƒ klg pgL To;sf] kl5 nfu]gg\„ ;g !(^^ df k]n]n] ƒf]hd]ƒL gfds o'jtL;Fu lax] uƒ] tƒ klƒjfƒnfO{ ;do lbg'sf] ;§f km"6andf dfq Wofg lbPsf] eGg] s'ƒfn] ubf{ ƒf]hd]ƒL;Fu ;g\ !(&* df ;DjGw ljR5]b x'g k'Uof]„ To;kl5 pgn] ;g\ !((@ df !( jif{ sfG5L Pl;lƒof l;S;f; n]df];;Fu bf];|f] ljjfx uƒ]„ ;g\ !(&! sf] o'uf]‚nfleof lj?4sf] v]nkl5 pgn] km"6anaf6 ;Gof; lnP„ d}bfgdf g} !) gDjƒsf] h;L{ km'sfn] clg cfFvfelƒ cfFz' lnPƒ d}bfgsf] Ps rSsƒ nufP„ ljZjsf] km"6an v]ndf pgn] b]vfPsf] rfdTsflƒs v]nsf] sfƒ0f pgsf] ljleGg d'n'sdf ljleGg gfpFx? klg ƒflvPsf 5g\„ O6fnLdf pgnfO{ …On]ƒ -jfbzfx_Ú, k|mfG;df …nƒ Ko"lnklgoƒ -sfnf] 6'lnk_Ú, lrnLdf …PNk]Nu|f] vtƒf_Ú, a|flhndf …kƒ] nfg]u|f -sfnf] df]lt_Ú cflb pgsf pkgfdx? x'g\„ k]n] ƒS;L vfFb}gg\„ ;ƒn ƒ gd| 5g\„ uf8Lsf] eg] c;fWo} ;f}lvgbfƒ 5g\„ To;}n] y'k|f] uf8Lx? hDdf uƒ]sf 5g\„ pgL ;+uLt ;flxTo ƒ lrqsnfdf klg cfˆgf] lbdfu vlr{g] u5{g\„ d] @)!$

41


42

d] @)!$

SatyaTathya, May 2014, YEAR 2, ISSUE 8  

a monthly nepali magazine

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