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September/October 2015


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Letter from the Editor Birds of a feather…. It is natural to gravitate toward people who have the same hobbies and interests that we do. We find value and enhance our own lives by bouncing ideas off of those around us. Out of many of these friendships, associations and organizations are born. This common purpose is what brings us together in many respects. As I think about the many organizations that I’ve belonged to and that my children belong to, I think about the different values that each association embodies. Our youth are looking for leadership skills through 4-H, FFA and the JABGA. As adults we are seeking marketing and other opportunities to continue the advancement of our own herds. To be strong, associations need member participation. There are many ways we can lend our own services to the meat goat industry. By taking on an active role, we each take ownership in the advancement of Boer goats. I hope the articles within this issue provide you with some value. This issue is dedicated to our youth, the meat industry and to herd management. What a huge undertaking! Each of those could have their own magazine full of helpful information, but time constrains us. I do hope you enjoy the selection of articles that have been put together. I also encourage you to find a way to positively contribute to the industry at any level. School is back in session and major shows are going on all around us. Many local clubs are looking for knowledgeable people to help kids with their goat projects. Sometimes, lending a helping hand to these kids can be the start of a new friendship, a new connection and a new valued partner. My hope is for you to find that common purpose and pass it along. For now, I am passing along this issue of The Boer Goat magazine. Enjoy! Sincerely,

Karla Blackstock



All members are encouraged to become active and consider volunteering to serve on committees that they have a specific interest in and/or have skills that can contribute to the fulfillment of the committee’s goals. Additional information on the purpose of each committee and committee members can be found on Page 48 or on the ABGA website. If you would like to serve on a committee, please contact the ABGA office.

• • • • • • • • • • • •

Breed Improvement and Research Committee Breed Standards Committee Building Committee Family Membership Committee Judges Committee Judges Certification Committee Member Education Committee National Show Committee Public Relations Committee Research Committee Sanctioned Show Committee Youth Committee

BOARD OF DIRECTORS MEETING The next face-to-face Board meeting will be held December 11-12, 2015. Location is to be determined.

The Boer Goat - 1


Board of Directors

REGION 14: CYNTHIA PRICE-WESTFALL (EC) PRESIDENT: cindy_price_westfall@yahoo.com REGION 8: SHON CALLAHAN (EC) VICE-PRESIDENT: fourcranch1@gmail.com REGION 10: TRACY DIFFENBACK (EC) SECRETARY: tldief@gmail.com REGION 6: PAUL GRAFE (EC) TREASURER: pgrafe@valbridge.com REGION 1: TERRY BROWN • capriole@pocketinet.com REGION 2: SCOTT PRUETT (EC) • eieiowefarms@yahoo.com REGION 3: LEE DANA • danagoats81@gmail.com REGION 4: JOEL (JR) PATTERSON • bobnjr@gmail.com REGION 5: JOE AIROSO • joeatalc@gmail.com REGION 7: DAWN STEWARD • dawnsteward25332@gmail.com REGION 9: VICKI STICH • ladyhogger59@hotmail.com REGION 11: JANIS WESSON (EC) • dustydan1@windstream.net REGION 12: VACANT REGION 13: BRAD MACKEY (EC) PAST PRESIDENT: bradmackey@bmackfarms.com REGION 15: SUSAN BURNER • wvburners@comcast.net REGION 16: SARA DAVIS (EC) l csdavis@oakhollowlivestock.com




LARY DUNCAN, Chief Executive Officer • lary@abga.org MARY ELLEN VILLARREAL, Executive Director • mary@abga.org CINDY DUSEK, Youth Coordinator • cindy@abga.org MARIA LEAL, Member Services • marial@abga.org CAYLA WILDE, Registration Support • cayla@abga.org MODESTA HERNANDEZ, Registration Support • modesta@abga.org MARINA ZEMKE, Registration Support • marina@abga.org AARON GILLESPIE, Registration Support • aaron@abga.org ASHLEY GUETIERREZ, ashley@abga.org NICOLE PETRELLA, nicole@abga.org ABGA OFFICE HOURS: Monday-Friday • 8:00 am to 5:00 pm (CST)

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Letter from the President September/October 2015 Dear ABGA members, The ABGA Board of Directors spent a productive weekend in Indianapolis on September 18-19th. With our newly hired CEO, Lary Duncan, in attendance, the board took the opportunity to develop a prioritized list of objectives to help guide the direction of the ABGA. While all 15 board members represent a diverse membership, it was easy to gain consensus on 8 key objectives:

• Website and Database improvements • ABGA office building construction • Member retention and development plan • Financial management • Expansion and Improvement of JABGA programs • Revision of the current rule 900 disciplinary process • Fund raising to help support the JABGA and National Show • Improvement of the magazine • Judges Education The board will use this list of objectives to help keep our work focused and provide a benchmark to measure our performance as the year progresses. We are working diligently to provide solutions to the current database and website challenges and hope to see positive developments over the next few weeks. We are in the final planning stages of cost analysis of building, buying or leasing a new office for the ABGA staff and will be making a decision in December. There are also a number of items under consideration that will make the ABGA more cost efficient and provide enhanced customer service moving forward. I am encouraged by the positive developments and anticipate that this is just the beginning of a great year for the ABGA. I want to take this opportunity to thank all of the members of the board for the time and energy they put into representing the ABGA membership. They continue to bring forth membership concerns and are the driving force for making the ABGA a better organization. If you have questions, concerns or would like to provide input on our current progress please give your director a call. Please give me a call if you have any concerns or questions that I can help you with 937-215-4143. Cindy Price-Westfall, President ABGA™ Board of Directors © 2015 American Boer Goat Association™

In This Issue

4 Affiliates Program 5 Calendar of Events 6 Message from the CEO

of America

by Karla Blackstock

16 Breeder’s Spotlight

Advanced Boer Genetics

18 Observations on the economics

Managing a Boer goat herd with your pocket book in mind can be tricky. Find out what our experts say about making money in the goat industry. Photo by Karla Blackstock

The Boer Goat CONTACT

1207 S. BRYANT BLVD. S SAN ANGELO, TX 76903 TEL: 325.486.2242 FAX: 325.486.2637



of meat goat production

by Dr. Frank Pinkerton & Dr. Rick Machen

22 What lies ahead for the meat


Lary Duncan

7 National Show corrections 8 Meet the JUDGE: Josh Stehans 10 JABGA Update 12 Q&E with the Editor 14 Boer Goat Youth Foundation


goat industry by Dr. JJ Jones

24 Veterinary Feed Directives by Karla Blackstock

26 Managing Minerals - Selenium by Karla Blackstock

28 Standouts 30 Classifieds 31 Markets 32 Photo Contest


The Nov/Dec issue of The Boer Goat will have a section on equipment and /kids kidding. Make sure to showcase your ranch or company by advertising in the business card section or by purchasing ad space.


If you would like to see your photo in the next issue of The Boer Goat, please submit your picture to editor@abga.org. Please send photos in the largest size you can. The Boer Goat hereby expressly limits its liability resulting from any and all misprints, errors and/or all inaccuracies whatsoever in the advertisement and editorial content published by The Boer Goat and its said liability is here by limited to the refund of the customer or its payment for the said advertisement, the running of a corrected advertisement, or editorial notice. Notification by the customer of any errors must be made within 30 days of distribution of the magazine. The opinions or views expressed in all editorials are those of the writer or persons interviewed and not The Boer Goat. The Boer Goat does, however, reserve the right to edit or refuse all material, which might be objectable in content. No material or part thereof, may be reproduced or used out of context without prior, specific approval of a proper credit to The Boer Goat.

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Affiliates Program

Are you looking for a local source of Boer goat knowledge? The ABGA’s Affiliate Program offers clubs that have an increased role of education, marketing and promotion. These local clubs provide an essential role in promoting the industry and educating breeders. Locate your nearest club today!

Boer Goat Association of North Carolina

Snake River Meat Goat Association

Cascade Boer Goat Association

Clara Askew, Secretary/Treasurer 8054 Ustick Rd Nampa, ID 83687 Email: foxtailfarms@hotmail.com Website: www.srmga.com Serving States: Idaho, Washington, Oregon, California, Nevada, Montana, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico

Kelly Clark PO Box 36479 Greensboro, NC 27416 Email: KellyClark@triad.rr.com Serving States: North Carolina

Crystal Fenton 14352 West Hwy 12 Touchet, WA 99360 Email: info@cascadebga.org Serving States: California, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington

Empire State Meat Goat Producers Association PO Box 306 Watkins Glen, NY 14830 607-937-3324 Serving States: New York

Snake River just finished a great season with 4 shows. Youth jackpots held in conjunction with the open shows had excellent participation. We held the Treasure Valley Youth Jackpot with a clinic on fitting and showing in July. Boer goats are getting more popular in our area and we’re doing our best the help it along. C. Austin Hinds DVM, MS spoke at another clinic on controlling parasites. We are planning a clinic this winter on scrapies and Q fever eradication.

Tall Corn Meat Goat Wether Assoc, Inc

10163 E State Hwy 0 Davis City, IA 50065 601-223-0023 Serving States: Iowa

Vern Thorp 1959 Highway 63 New Sharon, IA 50207 WW Email: windrushia@gmail.com Website: www.meatgoatwether.com Serving States: Iowa

Keystone Goat Producers Association

Tri-State Goat Producers Association [TSGPA]

Iowa Meat Goat Association

106 Carlisle Road Newville, PA 17241 Email: rzeigler@centurylink.net Serving States: Pennsylvania

5125 State Route 2 Greenup, KY 41444 Email: billupsfarms@windstream.net Serving States: Kentucky

Email editor@abga.org with your updates.

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Calendar OF EVENTS 2015 October

October 10-11 Pan American Livestock Expo State Fair of Texas

October 1

October 17 MSU Fall Classic

Montgomery, AL 36107

Derrickson Agriculture Complex


East Texas State Fair

3015 S. Haskell (Gate 15)

25 MSU Farm Drive

2112 W. Front St.

Dallas, TX 75223

Morehead, KY 40351

Tyler, TX 75702




October 10

Dekalb County VFW Fair Goat Show 100 18th St. Ft. Payne, AL 35904

October 3-4

2070 NE Lafayette Ave

Shelby, NC 28153 704-482-4365

October 9-10 Arkansas State Fair Arkansas State Fairgrounds 2600 Howard St. Little Rock, AR 72206 501-372-8341 Goats Music and More Rock Creek Park 505 N. Ellington Pkwy. Lewisburg, TN 37091 931-703-1923

Fairgrounds 1301 Houston Clinton Dr. Burnet, Tx 78669 830-265-4197

1025 Blue Ridge Blvd. Raleigh, NC 27607

National Peanut Festival


National Peanut Festival

October 24-25

Tulsa State Fairgrounds

OBGA Fall Classic

4145 E. 21st Street

Garvin County Fair Barns

Georgia National Fair Georgia National

Spooktacular Burnet County


October 13

Cleveland County Ag Fair


2015 Marble Falls

Terre Haute, IN 47802



1751 E. Main St.

North Carolina State

Tulsa, OK 74159

McMinnville, OR 97128

Cleveland County Fairgrounds

Wabash Valley Fairgrounds

Tulsa State Fair

Yamhill County Fairgrounds

October 6

North Carolina State Fair

October 11

OMGP Fall Shows & Sale

October 20-21

Wabash Valley Boer Classic 3901 South US Hwy 41

Dekalb County Fairgrounds

1555 Federal Dr.

Fairgrounds & Agricenter

at Wacker Park Pauls Valley, OK 73075 918-822-7271

October 31-November 1 Tri-State Goat Producers Showdown V

401 Larry Walker Pkwy.

Boyd County Fairgrounds

Perry, GA 31069

1758 Addington Rd.


Ashland, KY 41102

October 16-18 Grand National Livestock Expo

606-465-2471 KBGA 5th Annual

Cow Palace

Spooktacular Triple

2600 Geneva Ave

Show Series & Breeders Cup

Daly City, CA 94104

Osage City Fairgrounds


15 Stafford St.

October 17-18 Changing of the Fall Colors Boer Goat Show St. Francis County Fairgrounds 1450 Woodlawn Dr.

Osage City, KS 66523 785-806-4470

November November 7

Park Hills, MO 63601

Alabama National Fair


Alabama National Fairgrounds

November 14

Fairgrounds 5622 US Hwy 231 South Dothan, AL 36301 334-248-2377 KMGA Winter Prairie Circuit Harvey County Fairgrounds 800 W 1st St. Newton, KS 67114 316-231-3649

November 14 NAILE Kentucky Exposition Center 937 Phillips Lane Louisville, KY 40209 502-367-5293

November 28 Scholarship Fundraiser Show Acadia Rice Arena 159 Cherokee Rd. Crowley, LA 70526 337-370-1673

The Boer Goat - 5


from the CEO Though I do not have a vote, I do have a voice – the same as all you...


he one thing I have heard from my friends is that they are all glad I am in the office so I can fix all the problems at the ABGA. And of course, for those who thought I was the wrong person for the job, doom is predicted. Well, for the record, neither of you are going to be one hundred percent right. From this point forward, I no longer have a vote in how things are done at the ABGA. It is you – the 5,000 plus membership – who really controls everything that happens in our association. We are run by a democracy, not a dictatorship. Let me remind you that each and every one of you was given a vote in choosing the director for the area that represents your views on every discipline, rule, policy and/or financial decision that determines how the ABGA operates. Let’s go one step further with this. Every one of you (in good standing) is welcome to run for a director position in your area. The fact is that in many cases our directors run uncontested. I suspect because the job is a thankless nonpaying one with long hours where no matter what you do, someone

6 - The Boer Goat

will, without a doubt, challenge every decision, whether it is right or wrong. As for me, I now have over 5,000 new bosses and 16 supervisors (Who have too many problems to count, all needing resolved yesterday, and who also have a ton of great ideas and a few bad ideas that they would like to see implemented tomorrow.), who I need to make happy with a staff of nine office employees. And, that’s if I have any hope at all of keeping this new job. Many have asked me why I even wanted this job. The truth: the Boer goat business has been very good to me and my family, and I feel I owe it back to the very industry that made this possible. I want to make sure the same opportunities we were afforded (and more) are here for you and the generations to come. Though I do not have a vote, I do have a voice – the same as all you do – in the decisions the ABGA will be faced with today and in the future. And, given the 15 years of Boer goat experience I bring to the table, you can bet I have plenty to say and will be heard.

With the limited opportunity I have had to work with the current board of directors, in my new capacity as your Chief Executive Officer, I can say without a doubt that the current board has your best interest in mind. Given a half a chance, I know they will provide you with the leadership needed to ensure that you will all still be reaping the rewards the Boer goat industry provides for a very long time. I would like to thank the board of directors and each and every one of you at this time for giving me this opportunity to prove I can help make a positive difference. I look forward to working with all of you in the year to come. Respectfully,

Lary Duncan


National Show

Grande Island, NE June 2015

Grand Champion Fullblood Doe Exhibited by Paul Morgan

Grand Champion Buck and Champion Junior Buck Exhibited by Matthew Westfall

Reserve Grand Champion Junior Doe Exhibited by Katie Diemer

Reserve Grand Champion Fullblood Doe and Champion Junior Doe Exhibited by Amanda Smith

Reserve Grand Champion Percentage Doe and Champion Yearling Doe Exhibited by Chestnut Springs Farms

We apologize on behalf of the ABGA and The Boer Goat magazine for the errors printed in the 2015 National Show section of the July/August edition.

The Boer Goat - 7

Meet ABGA Certified Judge: Josh Stephans by Karla Blackstock

Many breeders and exhibitors step into the ring weekend after weekend looking for a judge’s decision. Where will your animal be in the lineup? This reoccurring feature will highlight the individuals who answer that question week after week in ABGA shows. Josh Stephans has been raising goats since 1999 on his family ranch in Missouri where he admits his family stumbled into the goat business. “We raised commercial cattle and did some brush hogging for a neighbor. She paid us with 4 Nubian wethers,” Stephans said. “We put them in a pen in the brush and within a few days, they had the entire pen cleared.” These goats proved that they had a place on the ranch. Stephans knew from an early age that he wanted to be a certified ABGA judge, but it wasn’t in the cards until 2014. After working for a couple of Boer goat breeders, he found the right opportunity when the ABGA judge’s certification school was held in Columbia, Mo. That location made it possible for him to take the time off to attend the week-long seminar. As a markets reporter for the Missouri Department of Agriculture, Stephans finds time to fit animals for shows and production sales. But, he said, he enjoys spending his time narrating the production sales and working the ring. “By narrating production sales, I have a great opportunity to see the larger scope,” Stephans said. “It keeps me up-to-date on the market and in tune with what producers are looking for.” Sometimes we see a difference in the style of goats selected in the commercial world and the show ring, but Stephans said all producers should be looking to the breed standards when selecting animals. “There is a reason behind every breed standard. It’s not all about pounds,” he said. “For example, we all want bone on the animals. Some argue that you can’t eat bone. Well, you don’t eat teeth, but there is a good reason for having good sound teeth.” Stephans went on to say that having enough bone and

8 - The Boer Goat

frame to carry muscling is important in both the show and commercial environment. “If one good buck with the right characteristics Josh and Cassie Stephans can improve your average daily gain by 10% on market day, then that buck pays for itself.” He went on to say that the industry should be able to prove that winning bucks in the ring will also win at the market, and that may be through performance testing as it has been done in other species. But for now, Stephans is committed to improving the Boer goat by selecting solid animals in the ring. “Not every show has the same types of animals, but consistency is one of the most important factors in being a judge,” he said. As a judge he said that it is critical to be honest and consistent. His advice to young exhibitors in the ring is to keep doing what you enjoy. “Don’t give up,” he said. “It’s okay to get beat.” And, for parents and breeders who are new to showing, “figure out what your goal is and work toward it.” After spending a year on the other side of the ring (as a judge), Stephans added that exhibitors of all ages should become familiar with the breed standards so that no one is caught off guard by a fault.

Photos provided by Josh Stephans


To judge: to form an opinion; to decide.

The Judges’ Corner is designed to provide ABGA judges with announcements and updates from the office.

• A continuing education class will be held at the 2016 National Show. Remember, you must attend one every four years. • NEW THIS YEAR: Judges must maintain a continuous membership. Be sure you renew before Dec. 31, 2015. • Smaller stamps are now issued without a date, making them easier to carry so be sure you have it on hand when you travel. • Exhibitors can now print single inspection forms off the website. Your stamp on the back of the registration papers will validate your inspection. Don’t forget your stamp!

The Boer Goat - 9

Junior American Boer Goat Update by Cindy Dusek, ABGA Youth Coordinator

Photo provided by Pamela Schoenbauer

I can’t believe that I am starting my third year as the Youth Coordinator; time has flown by. I have had the opportunity to work with a great set of young people that served on the JABGA Board. I have to brag. I think the goals that this youth group accomplished is mind boggling. We have several goals for this upcoming year; the most important one is to improve communication with all the junior members. Hopefully, we can do this by improving our website, monthly newsletter and with help of The Boer Goat magazine. The 2015 JABGA National Show was a great success with more opportunities, scholarships and prizes. We awarded the first Top Hand Scholarship this year. The Top Hand Award is a scholarship that is awarded to the top individuals in each division that competed in the various activities at the National Show. I would like to recognize these individuals again.

PeeWee: Junior: Intermediate: Senior:

Brystal Peck Emma Wrede Emily Rempel Hiedi Sheetz

The JABGA is now taking applications for regional shows until Dec 1, 2015. For more information contact Cindy.

Why Join the Junior American Boer Goat Association? Photo provided by Karla Blackstock

Photo provided by JP Moore

10 - The Boer Goat

Becoming a member of the JABGA allows you the opportunity to travel and compete in shows across the country. The JABGA provides the perfect chance to meet new friends who have the same interests as you—showing and raising Boer goats! The JABGA Show Point System (Buckle Series) in under way for all Sanctioned Junior Shows. The JABGA board extended the Buckle Series until May 31, 2016. All points will be calculated and awards will be handed out at the 2016 National JABGA Banquet Another great reason to join the JABGA is to improve your leadership skills while doing things you enjoy. The 2016 JABGA Leadership Conference is scheduled for July 1-21 at Cal Poly University at San Luis Obispo, California. Watch our website for updates and please check our ad for more information. If you need help with travel, JABGA is going to have individual fund raisers to help youth earn their way to this conference. Finally, the JABGA is a support system for you as you grow and improve your herd into more than just a project, but a great business to carry on into the future. Right now, the ABGA hands out $11,000 in scholarships every year to active JABGA members to further their education. The Boer Goat Youth Foundation hopes to add more scholarship money for the 2016 year, so watch for more information.

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www.pavlab.com • 800.856.9655 The Boer Goat - 11

Q&A with the Editor by Shon Callahan

The American Boer Goat Association celebrated its 20th year in business recently, and as all organizations, there have some growing pains! Change isn’t always easy and most of us don’t like it. Unfortunately, for us to grow, we inevitably need some changes. One recent change is in the editor of The Boer Goat magazine. Let me take a few minutes of your time to introduce you all to Mrs. Karla Blackstock! We’ll ask her a few questions and it’ll help explain why she’s on staff now.

Tell us about your background. Where do you live, family, education?

How long have you been involved in the Boer goat industry?

First off, it is a real pleasure to be able to combine two of my passions. I love marketing communications, and I love my Boer goats. I graduated from Texas A&M University in 1997 with an agricultural journalism degree and in 2005 with a Master of Science in Science, Technology Journalism. Since then, I’ve worked in both writing and design/ graphics capacities in a number of industries, including agriculture. My husband, John, spent 15 years in the U.S. Marine Corps Force Reconnaissance and the U.S. Army Rangers. We raise our family in Poth, Texas where Parker (son) and Peyton (daughter) show goats and cattle.

Like many others, we started out when Parker started showing. We knew nothing about raising goats, and Jessie wasn’t a great mother and so it took a few years for us to catch the goat fever. Soon after, my mother’s day gift was a blonde traditional doe. Now, it seems as though I only get new collars, goats, feeders, etc. Most girls want diamonds – I’ll guess I’ll just name mine Diamond!

Tell us about your livestock experience? I grew up raising hogs and cattle, but in the 1980s my father decided to concentrate on the Angus cattle. After showing production animals in high school, I went to college and started showing Australian Cattle Dogs in American Kennel Club (AKC) shows. Now, I love to get in the ring with one of my does. I guess you can say that raising and showing livestock is in my blood.

12 - The Boer Goat

The last few years it seem the “special-ness” of the Boer goat has been forgotten from a commercial standpoint. How will our Boer Goat magazine help us “rebrand” Boers as the mother meat breed in America? It is easier for people to get attached to goats because they have personalities that are not as immediately apparent in cattle or other meat species. The fact is that each of my show heifers had a unique personality, and at the end of the day raising meat goats is no different than raising animals for pork or beef. To brand or rebrand the Boer

goat as the meat breed in America, we have to capitalize on supply and demand. The demand for goat meat is healthy. It is our job, as producers and as an organization, to show the benefits of eating goat meat and to produce animals that meet the consumers’ needs. If we can do that (and prove it), we will be the meat goat of choice.

Any future plans or additional features for Boer Goat magazine? There is always something up my sleeve! But, for now I’m concentrating on putting together a selection of articles that provide relevant information. I read many ag magazines to look for ideas. It is important for each producer to know what is going with policies (FDA regulations), vaccinations, medications and the market. Months ago, I had a conversation with a judge and I hear his words over and over. He said the magazine needs to provide information to people at all levels of goat production. So, I challenge myself to find something for the small breeder, the commercial breeder and the seed stock producer.

Describe your vision of the perfect Boer goat! Boer goats are meat goats. In my opinion, you have to have a wide-based animal that can carry natural thickness from one end to the other. And although I like an animal to have a solid base, I don’t get hung up on having tons of bone. And, I am a stickler for having a sound structure. Our kids are showing two right now and that occasionally end up in the same class, and they are different in terms of style, but I’m proud to take them both home at the end of the day. And, that’s what it is all about.

Any closing remarks or ideas for ABGA? Keep putting one step in front of the other. I worked at the Hereford Association in 1997 when the polled and horned associations merged. That was a growth period for them, and it reminds me of what the ABGA is going through right now. There are many great things that an association can do for us and our youngsters. Keep looking for the positives!

Thank you so much for your time today and for your passion and hard work for our association! Personal note: The Blackstock family is a prime example of the heart of the Boer goat business. It’s a family affair at their farm. Supportive parents with driven, hardworking children. They epitomize what our industry needs for a bright ABGA future.

We’re here for what’s next. 800-237-7193 ext. 10 - sheepandgoatfund.com

The NLPA Sheep and Goat Fund assists the U.S. sheep and goat industries by financing projects that strengthen and enhance the production and marketing of sheep and goats and their products. It is a valuable tool to expand your operation and take it beyond the farm gate. Learn how you can benefit from the fund at sheepandgoatfund.com.

Invest in equipment and business development Facilitate flock/herd expansion

The Boer Goat - 13

Improve marketing and product quality

Securing the Boer Goat Industry for tomorrow

through the youth of today r Goat e o B


Boer Goat Youth Foundation of America

r Go e o B YOUTH

YOUTH Foundation by Karla Blackstock


of America

Boer Goat

Ameri The ABGA Board of Directors took the first of step Youthto secure funding that will help enrich the lives of children raising and showing Boer goats.

Foundation of America


As a non-profit 501(C) (3) organization for development, the Boer Goat Youth Foundation of America, Inc. will raise funds solely for the purpose of youth Boer Goat development and Youth educational support. The Foundation has � A���ic� been formed to provide continuous education for all youth interested in Boer goats. With an immediate goal to secure an asset base of $1.5 million by 2020, the Foundation will tap into large corporations as well as individuals and breeders within the industry. “We know that there are agricultural-related companies who provide grants as well as donate funds for Foundations just like the Boer Goat Youth Foundation of America,” said Cindy Westfall, Foundation director. “These companies have the capacity to donate large funds and do so because of their passion for helping kids.” The Foundation will use part of the funds to award merit scholarships. An application process will be set up with input from the Foundation Board of Directors and the Junior ABGA Board of Directors. “We need a scholarship program that will focus on well-rounded kids,” said Brian Faris Foundation president.


14 - The Boer Goat

Boer Goat Youth

“We want to develop leaders who will have an impact on our industry as they enter the workforce.” The Foundation also will present scholarships to individuals showing top-notch animals at the Nationals, but the board recognizes that kids at regional and state levels need to see a benefit as well. “While Nationals is an important part of the scholarship program, we need to see a trickle-down effect into the states to encourage participation at all levels,” Westfall said. “To be effective, this has to get down to the root level. We recognize that not all kids have the opportunity to attend Nationals.” Additional money also will be used to fund various educational programs and to fund the JABGA Leadership Conference. By providing leadership opportunities within agriculture, the Foundation will take an active role in shaping tomorrow’s leaders. “We want to create more opportunities for students to start a Boer goat herd; we want to provide college assistance for students; and we want to encourage graduate students to research topics that will help the goat industry,” said ABGA Youth Coordinator Cindy Dusek. From leadership development to educational opportunities, the Foundation is committed to providing financial assistance to retain children and keep them invested in Boer goats. “We need more commercial and seed stock breeders. We need to develop youth who are invested in Boer goats

of America

gains. Our ultimate goal is to acquire an endowment or permanent investment.”

Who manages the Foundation?

Photo by Morgan Bridges

and who are motivated to improve the industry long-term,” Faris said. While scholarship guidelines at this point do not require youth to enter into an agricultural-related field, it will require that they maintain an ABGA membership throughout school because retention is key to the future growth of the Boer goat business. “We want to be able to do more for our kids so they can be more active during college so we can keep them and transition them into the adult membership,” said Dusek. “Returning youth make supportive parents so retention is very important.”

Why a Foundation? The formation of a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization allows donors to contribute dollars and receive tax relief. This is important to the development of relationships with both individuals and corporations who offer financial donations. Currently, there is no incentive to donate gifts to any association within Boer goat industry. “By providing a tax break, we hope we can secure large donations through our development efforts,” Westfall said. “When we can get out and start asking for $5 to $20 thousand from corporations, we will quickly be able to turn over and invest in our kids.” The Foundation is a separate entity from either the ABGA or the JABGA. The affiliate will complement the ABGA to strengthen youth interaction through research, leadership and education. However, the ABGA will not manage the decisions or financially guide the Foundation. Faris said, “The Foundation offers security knowing that donations will be spent according to the bylaws.” “The possibilities are endless,” Westfall said. “By making sure we can secure tax-free dollars, we can keep our youth interested long term through recognition and financial

As a separate entity, the Foundation will have a standalone board of directors. The sole responsibility of these directors is to raise money to support the youth. Because the directors are charged solely with development, there will not be any JABGA members on the board. The Foundation directors have been selected because of their ability to educate businesses about the Boer goat industry and to influence them to give large contributions to fund the program. The Foundation will develop resources through relationships with major agricultural corporations and those who support agriculture and the goat industry. “The board of directors is a group of people who have a shared vision and passion for the industry,” said Westfall. “But, they also are people who have connections and are willing to make the request for large donations.”

How can I help? As active participants in the Boer Goat industry, it falls on everyone to promote from within. By educating meat consumers and potential Foundation donors, we are each helping secure the long-term health of the industry. We also have an opportunity to increase awareness of the goat industry as a whole. In doing so, we will continue to bring more money into the industry; thereby increasing youth opportunities and providing a brighter future for our youth. “We have a great opportunity to increase our industry and make it stronger,” Dusek said. “Especially right now as the market demand for goat meat outweighs the supply.” If you would like to contribute to the Foundation, contact ABGA Youth Coordinator Cindy Dusek.

Boer Goat Youth Foundation of America, Inc. Board of Directors BRIAN FARIS, FOUNDATION PRESIDENT brfaris@ksu.edu CYNTHIA PRICE-WESTFALL, SECRETARY-TREASURER cindy_price_westfall@yahoo.com SHON CALLAHAN fourcranch1@gmail.com LARY DUNCAN lary@abga.org JEFF GIBBS gibbsfarm@aol.com CINDY DUSEK, ABGA Youth Coordinator (Non-Voting Member) cindy@abga.org

The Boer Goat - 15

BREEDER’S Spotlight


dvanced Boer Genetics is owned by Aaron and Denise Crabtree of Chillicothe, Ohio. Their mission is to breed, raise and sell high quality fullblood Boer goats without sacrificing their dedication to being good, ethical people – good to buy from, good to sell to and good to be associated with. You can visit www.advancedboergenetics.com to get a sneak peek at their herd. The Crabtrees have a live virtual feed that allows visitors to view their herd for up to 30 seconds – now that’s advanced!

How did you get started in the Boer goat industry? Like many of our fellow breeders, our children were involved in 4-H, and goats were their favorite project. As our children grew, so did our love for Boer goats. When our children graduated, we realized that we also enjoyed working with livestock. So about eight years ago, we start-

I would have never thought that we would be so interested in goats. If someone would have told me 7-8 years ago that I would be in the Boer goat industry, I would have laughed. ed purchasing foundation stock. Our glamorous operation consisted of three goats and a dog box, and we were darn proud of it.

What does you operation look like today? Our herd has grown from 3 to 150+. In 2014, we purchased a small farm of about 40 acres and built a new 10,000 square-foot facility equipped with living quarters and in-house accommodations for embryo transfer. The barn

16 - The Boer Goat

has 24 custom pens with individual exterior runs and indoor arena for the babies to play that serves as an overflow during kidding season. The building has twin hay mounds that handle approximately 2,000 bales of hay, which was a big issue for us in the past. The barn is surrounded by five separate pastures, which allows our herd to exercise and works for pasture rotation to help us avoid issues related to over grazing.

What do you enjoy the most about the Boer goat industry? There are so many things we love about this industry and lifestyle, but a few things stand out in our mind. First, we are not exactly what you would call socialites, but we have made so many genuinely true friends all over the United States, and believe it or not, we spend a considerable

Having kids almost year round is great. There are always babies to raise. They give us a chuckle when we need it, and they lighten the atmosphere when we need it most. amount of time socializing with them in a non-goat environment. We have actually been known to go out to dinner,

go to a ball game or plan a concert with some of our goat friends when there is not even a goat show, sale or flush going on (I know, crazy right?). Secondly, although I am sure you won’t hear this on Dr. Phil, we honestly believe that our daily activities in the industry such as herd management, competing in ABGA sanctioned shows and simply working together daily with a common interest has been good for our marriage.

Who was an inspiration to you or assisted you in improving you herd? And, how did they help you? There is a long list. But in terms of inspiration, it’s pretty hard not to admire and respect the Duncan’s. They have always found a way to put glamour in what is quite possibly the least glamorous business we know. Our non-goat friends just don’t get it. Of course, they have never been to the ABGA National Show or to a sale when Lary is standing on the auction block with a cigarette in one hand and the most beautiful doe you have ever seen in the other and the bidding is almost electrifying. If you have ever experienced either of these, I am sure you will agree that they are both inspiring in their own special way. There are a few folks that have made a profound difference in our progress. First, Mark and Sherri Watkins taught us the value of making good sound investments when it comes to breeding stock. Back in the beginning, we really had no idea what we were doing. We trusted them and spent a little extra money for high quality animals, and the investment turned out to be a home run that we still benefit from today.

At 1-2 years into showing and raising goats. “You need to be honest with yourself. The days are long and the rewards are simple. The next step goes from being a hobby to a burden. If you don’t truly love it, you need to decide if it is something that is really for you long term. Also, our goat operation would not be what it is today without Embryo Transfer. Westfall Boer Goats has been extremely kind and helpful in teaching us all of the details that add up to big numbers when it comes to flushing success. In terms of assisting us with all aspects including show ftting, breeding techniques, genetic trends, Brant Knotts

Photos submitted by Advanced Boer Genetics

at Newton Farms has always been willing to teach us and share information that has proven to be extremely helpful.

What has been your biggest challenge as a producer? Even an easy day on a goat ranch is long and hard, but our biggest weakness is that we have always struggled with culling animals that have undesirable traits. We are making progress. As our herd has grown, it has gotten a little easier. We will always have some attachment to the animals, but we have come to accept that the quality of our entire operation is dependent on good sound culling decisions.

What are you most excited about in the future? God willing, Denise is going to retire this year after a long career as an accountant and is trading in her briefcase for a pitch fork. I am so excited that she is going to get to do what she loves most on a full-time basis without the pressures of the corporate world. We are truly blessed!

The Boer Goat - 17

Observations on the economics of meat goat production

Photos by Rick Machen


By: Dr. Frank Pinkerton, akathegoatman@icloud.com; 512.392.4123; San Marcos, TX and Brian Payne, savannahassociation@yahoo.com; 403.894.5490; Macloud, AB, Canada

urrent levels of slaughter goat production have declined 2-3% per year since 2008, to the point that we now supply only about 50% of our market needs. The U.S. deficit is filled by imported goat meat, and Canada imports about 70%. We are voluntarily vacating our domestic markets—not losing them to foreign competition.

In recent research at Louisiana State University, we found that the greatest obstacle to increasing goat numbers to meet burgeoning consumer demand for goat meat was the relatively poor returns to a producer’s labor, management and capital. Put differently, typical goat production enterprises are small in numbers and many, if not most, are marginally profitable at best. Understanding the basic factors that affect profitability of meat goat enterprises helps producers better understand the economics of their herd management allowing producers to take actions to improve net profit.

There are a number of traditional ways to undertake partial or complete business enterprise analyses, but, for goat producers, we have found that calculations to determine the break-even price/lb (BEP) of slaughter kids provide valuable information about both production parameters and economic returns. Obviously, the difference between the BEP/lb and the selling price/lb is the margin of profit/lb. In the aggregate, these margins per doe constitute enterprise profitability. Three crucial figures are needed to calculate BEP. First, calculate the percent kid crop weaned (not just born). To do this, divide the total number of kids weaned (both sexes) by the number of does exposed (not the number of does actually kidding).

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If 100 does were exposed and together weaned 150 kids, the kid crop weaned would be 150%. In the real world, nearly all of the does would cycle and most would conceive and perhaps 90+ would kid and produce “X” number of kids, “Y” of whom would survive until weaning or sale time. Co-author Payne cautions that many producers may prefer to ignore does exposed but not conceiving/ kidding. For example, if 100 does are exposed but only 90 conceived and delivered 150 kids, the kidding percentage would be calculated as 167% (150/90 x 100) rather than the more accurate figure of 150% (150/100 x 100). Only the latter figure is useful for BEP calculations. Secondly, determine the average cost/exposed doe of “maintaining” her for one year. Costs must be allinclusive (feed, creep-feed, health costs, breeding fees, “overhead”, depreciation of assets, land use fee, etc.) Each doe may be viewed as a profit center because does generate all the income and bear all the costs. Thirdly, to accurately determine BEP/lb of kids sold at weaning time (or thereafter), we must know their selling weights (in actual practice, their ‘shrunk’ weights after hauling to market).

Calculation of break-even prices/lb of slaughter goats Dr. Rick Machen, TAMU-Uvalde extension livestock specialist, first published the chart on page 21 in 2002. It has been updated to reflect current annual doe maintenance costs that have since trended upward in concert with the general economy; they may well go yet higher. Meat goat prices have also trended upward, reaching record highs in 2014 and 2015, to date. New Holland, PA prices for # 1 65 lb kids ranged around $4.00/ lb at late August ‘15. As you see, the chart is arranged to show ten levels of annual doe maintenance cost, six levels of percent kid crop weaned, and three selling weights. It is structured to show the interrelated influences of these factors on BEP/lb. To illustrate usage of this table, first select a weaning rate of 150% (1.5 kids/doe/ year), then select an average selling weight of 65 lb; then select a doe maintenance cost of $90/annum (remember to include an estimated marketing charge of $10/head for hauling and commission). Thereafter, follow the 150% kid crop weaned column downward to the 65 lb (shrunk) selling weight section. Then, look to the left-most column to locate the doe-cost line for $90. The intersection of this line and column shows $0.92. This is the break-even price/lb (BEP). If you sold kids at this price/lb you would neither lose nor make money on the doe. If you sold for a higher price/lb than $0.92, for example, $2.52, you would make a profit of $1.60/lb (2.52 - .92) or $104/kid ($1.60 x 65 lb). If this doe had sold only one kid, her profit would have been only $74.10 ($2.52 selling price/lb - 1.38 BEP = $1.14 x 65lb). The difference in profit between one kid sold and 1.5 kids sold is $29.90 ($104.00 – $74.10). If this doe had sold twins, her profit would have been $118.95 ($2.52 - $.69 BEP = $1.83 x 65 lb). The difference between selling a single and selling twins is $44.85 ($118.95 – $74.10). This beneficial effect of increasing percent kid crop born is obvious when one follows the decline in BEP as the percent kid crop born rises, no matter the weight of kids sold. The higher the percentage of kid crop sold, the higher the net income. Payne reminds us that the number of kids (litter weight) going to sale/doe herd is more important to producer

‘bottom lines’ than their individual weights or quality grades. Accordingly, good maternal traits are the sin qua non of the producing herd. The negative effect of rising doe maintenance cost on BEP is equally obvious, no matter the selling weight of kids. For 65 lb kids, if the maintenance cost is $60/doe, the BEP/lb (at 100% kid crop) is $0.92/lb. For the same 65 lb kid and 100% kid crop, the BEP/lb at $90/doe is $1.38. This difference in BEP is $0.46/lb. The 65 lb kid nets an owner $29.90 less because its cost of production had increased by $30 (from $60 to $90; ignore the ten cents rounding error). Note that at 100% kid crop, the BEP for the two maintenance costs is $.46, but, at 150% and 200% kid crops the differences in BEP/lb between these two maintenance costs/year fall to $0.31 (.92 - .61 and $0.23 (.69 - .46), respectively. To sum: the higher the maintenance cost/doe/annum, the lower the net income. continued on page 20...


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The Boer Goat - 19

The positive influence of increased selling weight on BEP is evident, at the same maintenance cost of $90, the BEP/ lb falls from $1.80 (50 lb kid) to $1.38 (65 lb kid) to $1.13 (80 lb kid) at 100% kid crop. If the kid crop was 200% and doe maintenance cost $90, the BEP would drop from $.90 to $.69 to $.57, respectfully, across increasing slaughter weight .

“The higher the weaning weight of the kids, the higher the net income.” Selling weights are at the prerogative of the owner, but as Payne says, growth rates to 90 days are primarily influenced by the dam’s milk production—another illustration of the importance of maternal performance that is more important than sire influence across this time period. The percentage of kid crop sold is the most important aspect of herd management. It is affected by numerous factors, among them genetic quality of the herd, its nutritional level, its health status and its physical environment. Put differently, if your herd is composed of animals that are not genetically disposed for maximum reproductive efficiency, your kidding rate will be unacceptably low. If it is not properly fed (as to protein, fiber, TDN and minerals/vitamins), conception rates, milk production, ADG of kids and kid survival rate will be reduced. Similarly, if your herd contains high levels of parasites and systemic diseases, reproduction rates, kid ADGs and weaning weights will suffer. If your facilities are inadequate, herd performance may be reduced by some extent and output will suffer, as will net income. The percentage of the kid crop that is sold may be increased by practicing accelerated breeding (kidding the herd three times in 24 months). Even though this will increase the annual maintenance cost/doe by some measure, the increased kid off-take per doe will more than pay the increased cost. Payne notes here the absence of research to distinguish between breeds as to their propensity for out-of-season breeding—a necessity for accelerate breeding. There is also considerable variation within breeds in this trait, but experience has shown that young does cycling in the spring will continue to do so— most helpful for accelerated breeding. We do acknowledge that such a schedule will result in one kid crop being sold in low-price months and one kid crop being born in mid winter. Annual doe maintenance cost is the second most important aspect of herd management. Increased costs decrease net income proportionately. Generally, feed cost (forage plus concentrates and mineral supplements) is the

20 - The Boer Goat

highest component of doe maintenance cost, but health maintenance can also be a significant outlay, as can be uncontrolled overhead costs and hired labor. Does have to bear all costs of production; the prorated cost/doe is often higher than owners think it to be (because they do not include all appropriate costs, particularly the ‘opportunitycost’ for owned land and facilities). Doe maintenance costs in semi-confinement systems will be higher than costs than in more conventional grazing systems. However, rising land costs may alter this situation in more and more geographical areas. Number and weight of kid off-take sold/doe is the third most important aspect of herd management. In practice, number of kids sold is more important than weight/kid. Remember, twins generate more income that singles and

triplets generate more income than twins. Litter weight sold/doe is the critical factor affecting gross income. Triplets and quads may be more trouble to manage and may increase costs, but they are uniformly more profitable than twins and singles. The live grade (and concomitant higher prices) of sales kids is a contributing factor to gross income, but it is not nearly as valuable as numbers sold/doe.

Size of meat goat enterprises

Generally speaking, herds of meat goats in the United States typically consist of fewer than 50 does, some yearlings, some doelings and two bucks. The herds are cared for by family labor that is not typically assigned an apportioned cost/annum. There are relatively few large, extensively managed herds in the United States; most

“... increasing the size of meat goat operations to the maximum number that can be sustained with family labor would the most efficient management...”

income; some are overly optimistic as to expenses; some are both; and some are exceptionally creative and not to be believed by an informed auditor. Proceed carefully, and accurately, or the BEP calculation is of little value. Payne says that multi-species grazing (goat grazing followed or preceded by cattle grazing) may offer a way to increase off-take from a given enterprise. Most cattlemen could add at least one or perhaps two does per cow with very little increase in grazing costs because the two species tend to eat different plant species. Over time, goats improve availability of cattle forage. There is the added benefit that multi-species grazing offers opportunity to do effective control of unwanted vegetation by biological means rather than by herbicides, burning, chaining, etc. This is an ever-increasing public concern and can possibly influence on-farm, direct-sale transactions to goat buyers sensitive to the provenance and care of animals to be purchased for food.

of which are in Texas and Oklahoma with some in the Rocky Mountains and in California. Research by LSU farm management scientists indicate that expenses typically exceed income in most small operations, especially when opportunity accounting is applied. This accounting figure is calculated and assigned by charging the goat enterprise the prevailing tax-free bond interest going unearned (to clarify, it is the interest foregone on investments in land and facilities). This can be a serious sum and it contributes heavily to enterprise profitand-lost statements. For example, if one owns pasture land that cost Break-even Selling Price per Pound for Kid Goats with Different Kid Crops Weaned, Doe Maintenance Costs and Kid Selling Weights $2,000/acre and supports one doe/ acre, the interest foregone may be Break Even Price ($/lb) $80/year ($2,000 x 4%). Accordingly, Annual Cost Kid Crop Weaned of Doe newborn twins ‘cost’ $40 each when $ per head 100% 125% 150% 175% 200% 225% they hit the ground; this sum must be Selling weight: 50 lb. per head recovered in their sale price, just like 50 1.00 0.80 0.67 0.57 0.50 0.44 feed and health costs, etc. 55 1.10 0.88 0.73 0.63 0.55 0.49 Economy-of-scale economic theory 60 1.20 0.96 0.80 0.69 0.60 0.53 suggests increasing the size of meat 65 1.30 1.04 0.87 0.74 0.65 0.58 70 1.40 1.12 0.93 0.80 0.70 0.62 goat operations to the maximum 75 1.50 1.20 1.00 0.86 0.75 0.67 number that can be sustained with 80 1.60 1.28 1.07 0.91 0.80 0.71 family labor would the most efficient 85 1.70 1.36 1.13 0.97 0.85 0.76 management scheme. Expanding 90 1.80 1.44 1.20 1.03 0.90 0.80 95 1.90 1.52 1.27 1.09 0.95 0.84 beyond that number would, of Selling weight 65 lb. per head course, require the addition of a hired 50 0.77 0.62 0.51 0.44 0.39 0.34 hand. However, their employment 55 0.85 0.68 0.57 0.49 0.43 0.38 is economically rational only if they 60 0.92 0.74 0.61 0.53 0.46 0.41 65 1.00 0.80 0.67 0.57 0.50 0.44 can manage considerably more goats 70 1.08 0.86 0.72 0.62 0.54 0.48 than are required to support their 75 1.15 0.92 0.77 0.66 0.58 0.51 wages and perks. Such a number 80 1.23 0.98 0.82 0.70 0.62 0.55 is always site-specific and may vary 85 1.31 1.05 0.87 0.75 0.66 0.58 90 1.38 1.10 0.92 0.79 0.69 0.64 across time and place. Selling weight 80 lb. per head The cost of production figures 50 0.63 0.50 0.42 0.36 0.32 0.25 you report on your annual IRS 55 0.69 0.55 0.46 0.39 0.35 0.31 Schedule F may or may not accurately 60 0.75 0.60 0.50 0.43 0.38 0.33 reflect the annual doe maintenance 65 0.81 0.65 0.54 0.46 0.41 0.36 70 0.88 0.70 0.59 0.50 0.44 0.39 cost needed for BEP calculations. I 75 0.94 0.75 0.63 0.54 0.47 0.42 have helped a number of folks with 80 1.00 0.80 0.67 0.57 0.50 0.44 their IRS F calculations over the years. 85 1.06 0.85 0.71 0.61 0.53 0.47 Some are unduly pessimistic as to 90 1.13 0.90 0.75 0.65 0.57 0.52

The Boer Goat - 21

Photo by Karla Blackstock

What Lies Ahead for the Meat Goat Industry

By JJ Jones Southeast Area Ag Economist Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service

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2011 2012 2013 2014


2007 2008 2009

2005 2006

2001 2002 2003 2004

Million Head

Before the 1990s, goat production was limited to one of three categoJanuary 1 Meat Goat Inventory ries: dairy, mo2.70 hair or brush. 2.60 Dairy goats 2.50 2.50 were seen as a 2.30 viable enter2.20 prise, but were 2.10 2.00 a niche market. 1.9 Mohair goats 1.80 were profit2001 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 able until the government program disappeared. Then, there was the old Spanish brush goat. These goats were not typically thought of as a profit center, but more of a way to control brush.


Know the Past to Understand the Future

In the 90s, the United States started importing meat goats. With the importation of meat goats, came a new segment to the industry, meat production. The United States was importing millions of pounds of frozen goat meat from Australia, New Zealand and Mexico. Producers in the United States were going to capitalize on a growing demand for goat meat and produce it locally. The growth in the industry was slow but steady. States like Texas would recognize meat goats as a viable industry and started keeping Yearly Average Price San Angelo, TX inventory $2.50 numbers $2.30 and pric$2.10 es, but $1.90 $1.70 the USDA $1.50 wouldn’t $1.30 start $1.10 reporting $0.90 meat goat $0.50 numbers and prices 40-60 lbs goat 60-80 lb goat until 2004. Most educators and researchers looked at the goat boom as a fad similar to ostriches, but the meat goat industry had something the ostriches never had—demand for the final product. During the start of the new century, the meat goat industry continued to grow. In 2008, meat goat numbers $/lbs.

Goat production has gone through some monumental changes over the last 20 years. Once looked down upon by major agriculture, goat production has risen to a higher level of respect and profitability. Today’s goat producers proclaim their profession with pride and no longer try to hide the fact they raise goats. Producers have taken this new emergence of pride and profitability all the way to the bank. But can the goat industry retain or grow their foot hold in animal agriculture or is this just the ostrich industry all over again?


reached their all-time high with 2.59 million head. Droughts new yearly average high over $2.50/lbs. Going forward into in the major goat producing regions of the United States 2016, history indicates that after a record high year prices (Southern U.S. represents more than 70% of meat goat typically moderate and either remain stable to a bit lower. numbers.) have caused There will be downward 40-60 lb Kid Prices the number of meat goats pressure on goat prices if San Angelo, TX to decline to 2.10 million goat numbers continue to in$310 head in 2014. But, in 2015 crease and as the U.S. dollar $295 goat numbers started to gets stronger against foreign $280 increase again to a total of currencies making imported $265 2.15 million head. goat meat much cheaper. $235 $220 Prices for goats have Also, if other livestock mar$205 also seen some major shifts. kets start to come down this $190 The yearly average price of will put further pressure on $175 goats sold in San Angelo, TX, goat prices. $160 shows that in 2000 a 40-60 Taking that all into Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec pound goat kid averaged account, prices in 2016 Five Year Average (10-14) 2014 2015 $0.95/pound. Assuming may not be as high as an average weight of 50 2015, but they should remain pounds and a kidding percentage of 170%, a producer would above 2014 prices. average $81.01/doe. By 2010, the average price had increased The meat goat industry has already surpassed many to $1.70/pound increasing the average revenue to $144.50/ traditional agriculturalists expectations and as an industry doe. In 10 years, the average price had increased 79.6%. there is still room for growth. There will be some hurdles The first part of this decade saw the average goat prices to overcome, but for those producers that will do their continue to increase with the average price breaking the due diligence, the goat industry is one that should remain a $2/pound mark in 2011 and then set a new record price of profitable industry. $2.34/pound in 2014. With these prices, average revenues have increased to $198.80/doe. When comparing revenues to those of average cattle operations and assuming 6 goats equal 1 cow, goat operations are generating revenues comparable to cattle.


Here and Now So far, 2015 has been better than 2014. Prices started out higher in January and continued to climb to a new record price of $3.07/lbs. Prices have started to fall as we approach the late summer months which is the typical seasonal pattern. Although they have decreased by 12%, they are still well above 2014 and the five-year average. These price declines also come at the same time other livestock markets have seen their prices fall as well.

What About the Future? Goat inventory numbers should continue to climb as the drought stricken regions of the United States begin to get better. Most of this increase will more than likely occur in the Midwest and southern parts of the country as most of the western part of the United States is still experiencing severe drought conditions. Prices in 2015 should remain higher than 2014 and set a

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You Might Need a Prescription for that... by Karla Blackstock

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a final rule on June 2, 2015, regarding the Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD), which will limit the use of antibiotics in food-producing animals. In doing so, the FDA placed the use of many antibiotics, administered through feed and water additives, in the hands of veterinarians. Antibiotic drugs, such as tetracycline, tylosin and sulpha drugs can currently be purchased as supplements for feed and water from most feed stores. However, by this time next year, producers and veterinarians will be preparing for changes that will require prescriptions for these additives. Producers have self-regulated the usage of these medications through supplements since the late 1990s. However, the FDA’s recent ruling will place the regulation of feed and water supplement or VFD antibiotics under the supervision of veterinarians, who will decide the use and medical importance. While you will not need a veterinarian to dispense the antibiotics, veterinarians will be involved in the decision-making process. The FDA has announced that their goal is to ensure the judicious use of medically important antimicrobials in

24 - The Boer Goat

food-producing animals. While there is a withdrawal period for many antibiotics, the FDA is taking this additional step in an attempt to reduce drug resistance in humans. The administration’s website also states that it hopes the ruling will bring the use of these drugs under veterinary supervision so that they are only used when necessary for treating animal health and wellness. “The FDA took a number of tools away from producers,” said Dr. Gerald Stokka, associate professor of livestock stewardship at North Dakota State University. “For example, if a significant number of animals need treatment for foot rot, producers know that tetracycline works and that they can use it for large numbers of animals through feed additives.” In his example, producers can medicate their herd to keep diseases from spreading quickly. In the future, however, Stokka is concerned that some issues like foot rot and pinkeye might not get treated as quickly because of the additional process. “From an animal welfare standpoint, this is not a good ruling,” he said. “Some of the products used for controlling diseases will be limited, and we don’t have other large-scale solutions for these conditions.” After implementation of the new FDA ruling, producers will need a veterinarian’s prescription for antibiotics purchased as feed and water supplements. But Stokka said the problem for goat producers is two-fold. Here is the problem for goat producers. There are

very few antibiotics and medicated additives that are labeled specifically for goats. This places most antibiotics in what the FDA calls an “extra-label” use category. From a legal standpoint, Stokka said, you can only use feed and water additives (or any antibiotic) by the label. Therefore, some veterinarians may be hesitant to write broader prescriptions. “Anything that you buy through feed or water for minor species, unless it has goats on the label, is illegal,” said Stokka. Without labeling for goats, producers may have a harder time getting these antibiotics. “However, there is a little excuse for minor species to let it slide,” said Stokka. “There is some provision for minor species that says if I am using it for other species, it is illegal to use, but, go ahead. We [FDA] probably aren’t going to take action, but it is still illegal.” The bottom line Stokka said is, “If you don’t have a veterinarian that you are working with, you need to find one.” Between now and December 2016, you can walk into your local co-op or feed store and purchase feed with additives or powder additives without any changes. As of January 1, 2017, when you enter that same store you had better go armed with a veterinarian’s prescription for prevention, control or treatment of a specifically identified disease. And, since most of the antibiotics for goats are used extra-label, your veterinarian will need to write the prescription in a way that allows you to use it legally. For large co-ops and feed stores and for producers near these locations, veterinarians can electronically send prescriptions on your behalf. However, if you live in small areas or do business with feed stores who aren’t in the electronic world yet, you may have a harder time and will need to carry that note with you.

COMPLIANCE POLICY GUIDE (CPG) FOR EXTRA-LABEL USE OF MEDICATED FEEDS FOR MINOR SPECIES: This guide directs FDA field personnel to make the use of medicated feeds for minor species a low enforcement priority under the stated conditions. Extra-label use of medicated feeds is illegal. This guide does not make extra-label use legal or allow unapproved medicated feeds to be promoted or marketed for these uses. It simply makes it less likely that action will be taken against veterinarians and producers who use medicated feeds approved for use in other species for therapeutic purposes in minor species under the conditions stated in the CPG. Such feeds are to be formulated and labeled in accordance with their approved uses.

Photo by Karla Blackstock Shown above: Tetracycline powders that can be added to water will be one of the additives requiring vet’s prescription in January 2017.

The Bottom Line • Growth promotion with feed antibiotics will no longer be allowed. These include Tetracyclines (CTC, Aureomycin), NeoTerra and Stafac. • Use of many medically important antibiotics in feed will need a VFD. Producers can only use these drugs for treatment, control and prevention. Drugs include Tetracycline (CTC, Aureomycin), Tylan and Sulfamethazine (Aureomix). • Water medications will go from OTC to Rx. • What won’t change? Use of non‐medically important antibiotics such as Ionophores (Rumensin), Coccidiosis treatment (Corid, Deccoxx, etc) and Bacitracin (BMD). • OTC single-dose medicines such as sulfa drugs in bolus form will not be affected. • Remember, you will be able to use the same products for treatment, prevention, and control but you will need a prescription for some. Extra label use of feed medication has been illegal…and will remain illegal.

The Boer Goat - 25

M a n a g i n g M i n e r a l s - T h e Ba s i c s o f S e l e n i u m by Karla Blackstock

Managing minerals is a year-round job in the goat business. Trace minerals, such as copper, selenium and zinc, are essential components of any domestic livestock species, and supplementation of these minerals can have a positive effect on your herd’s reproduction, disease resistance and feed intake. Some minerals are more important at different developmental stages and at different times of the year. To give these minerals a full glance, the next few issues will highlight minerals and their importance. The first of this series highlights selenium. Selenium plays a critical role in the growth of newborns, fertility of breeding animals and in the prevention of diseases. Because of its role in muscle development, deficiency of this mineral typically presents itself as muscle impairments.

Deficiency Symptoms and Diseases Signs of selenium deficiency include white muscle disease, reproductive disorders (embryonic mortality, infertility and retained placenta), impaired immune function and growth impairment. Because selenium is involved in the immune system response, deficiencies or imbalances can reduce disease resistance. Stress induced by giving birth, milking, weaning and transport has been shown to decrease the ability of the animal to immunologically respond. Proper amounts of selenium in a goat’s diet can adequately counteract these stressful times. However, selenium is closely linked to a number of vitamins, including A, D and E. Vitamin E and selenium are both involved in a variety of metabolic processes, and both nutrients are required to protect tissue membranes from being damaged. “Selenium and vitamin E are synergistic,” said Coni Ross, ABGA judge and owner of CR Ranch. “When animals are exhibiting symptoms for selenium deficiency, you also need to consider vitamin E deficiency.” Ross also said that harsh winters and droughts can cause goats to be deficient in minerals and vitamins. This also is true, she said, for goats raised in confinement.

26 - The Boer Goat

Vitamin E deficiency has also been found in studies to increase the amount of selenium that is needed to increase stress tolerance, which is why you find vitamin E formulated into many selenium supplements. In addition to the goat’s need for selenium for a healthy immune system (and disease resistance), there are a number of diseases or problems that can occur as a result of selenium deficiency.

White Muscle Disease White muscle disease is a degeneration of muscles and is the major sign of selenium deficiency in ruminant animals, including newborn goats. White muscle disease can develop during gestation or after birth. Kids that have general weakness or stiffness should be evaluated for white muscle disease. In mild cases or in the beginning stages of the degeneration, kids will have a difficulty standing. In these cases, immediate selenium and vitamin E supplementation may improve the kid’s health. Many times when a kid has white muscle disease, it is found because it stopped milking or is cold and unresponsive. Kids found in this state should be warmed prior to feeding. Seek medical advice if necessary.

Decreased Sucking Reflex Kids that are deficient in selenium from gestation will also have a decreased sucking reflex. While there are other factors for kids with a decreased or unenthusiastic sucking reflex, evaluate these kids for a selenium or vitamin E deficiency. Kids that are born “spraddle legged” (either back or back and front legs splayed out) with an inability to rise are usually vitamin E deficient. Treating these kids with vitamin E is easy and may be just what they need. “You can buy regular 400 iu gel caps from a local grocery store, poke a hole in it with a needle and give it orally,” Ross said.

Retained Placenta While there are a number of causes of a retained placenta, nutritional deficiencies, such as selenium and vitamins A and E, are a likely culprit. Supplementing with selenium and

vitamins A, D & E during the last few weeks of gestation will increase the body’s response to stress and could have a positive impact on the overall birthing process. Additionally, kids’ born to mothers who have been supplemented are less likely to develop white muscle disease.

Supplementation At one time, the FDA prohibited the addition of supplemental selenium in livestock feeds. However, current supplementation is .3 ppm for all livestock diets and free-choice mineral supplementation is currently 12 ppm for goats (not to exceed .7 mg/head/day). Approved FDA sources for supplemental usage for goats include sodium selenite and sodium selenite with organic yeast. Free-choice minerals that are formulated for goats should be offered year-round and have sufficient selenium. Injectable selenium supplements can be prescribed by your veterinarian if necessary. And, a vitamin supplement for A, D and E can be found in a paste or in an injectable.

“Giving selenium in non-deficient areas of the country can by risky,” said Ross. “You should always pay close attention to levels in your soils before supplementing with high doses of mineral.” In the case of selenium toxicity, symptoms include emaciation, loss of hair, soreness and sloughing of the hooves, excessive salivation and blindness. Most cases of selenium toxicity are found in areas where selenium is found in soils. To find out the selenium, or other mineral, level in your soils, you can contact your local USDA or Extension office.

Selenium in Counties of the Conterminous States

Selenium Toxicity Selenium in high amounts can be toxic to animal of all species so it is critical to know what your soils hold before supplementing with high doses of any minerals.

Kent Nutrition Group, Inc.


For an interactive map of selenium concentration by county, go to:




The Boer Goat - 27 kentshowfeeds.com

in the Boer Goat Industry Congratulations to the breeders and owners of the animals listed below. The following animals have received the awards of Ennoblement, Doe of Excellence and Sire of Merit in August 2015.


Reg. #






William P Stanton




Aaron & Denise Crabtree




Marjorie Skaggs/Scotty & Jenn Merrill




Cooper Martin




Aaron & Denise Crabtree




Seth Goodwin




Wade Anderson, Dylan Campbell, Mark Fraser

PPW 6B108



G A or Gloria J Floyd




Rick and Misty Allen

Reg. #





Irving & Mary Hefner & Family




Alyse Armstrong

Reg. #


RM 901



Susan Hahn or Rick Czelusta




Alma A & Robert Staples





Information on the requirements for each of these awards is listed to the right. For a full listing of each requirement, visit the ABGA website.


The ABGA ennoblement program is open to ABGA American Purebred and Fullblood bucks and does. Ennoblement requirements are as follows: For an animal that has passed visual inspection: • A combined 80 points from the animal and progeny. • At least three progeny must pass visual inspection and earn least five points each. • Minimum points from the three (or more) visually inspected progeny is 30. • The animal cannot contribute more than 50 points toward it’s own ennoblement. For an uninspected animal, including those that are deceased: • A minimum of 100 points must be earned by at least three progeny who have passed inspection. • At least three progeny must pass visual inspection and earn at least five points each.

Doe of Excellence

The Doe of Excellence Award Program is open to ABGA registered Percentage (50%-88%) Does. Point requirements are as follows: • The doe will be required to have a combined total of 100 points earned by the doe and her progeny. • A minimum of 15 points must be earned by at least two progeny with a minimum of five points each. • Points earned by male progeny through ABGA Performance Tests will be awarded to the doe.

Sire of Merit

The ABGA Sire of Merit Award is open to American Purebred and Fullblood Bucks. Point requirements are as follows: • A Fullblood Buck or an American Purebred Buck cannot contribute individual points toward this award. • The eligible percentage progeny of a sire will be required to earn a total of 100 points. • A minimum of 5 female progeny must earn a minimum of 5 points each.

Be one of the first to list your farm in the Boer Goat Breeder’s Directory. One-year listing (up to 40 words) is only $150.00. Add a photo for only $25.00. Send in your listing BEFORE November 30, 2015 and pay only $120.00 Fill out the form below and mail to the ABGA office with payment. Include all information that should be listed in the directory. Name: Address: City: State: Zip: Email Address: Website: Phone: Card Number: Payment Method: CVV Number: Exp date: / / Name on Card: Billing Address:

Check Credit Card

Mail to: ABGA 1207 South Bryant Blvd, Suite C. San Angelo, TX 76903

Kid meat lends itself to all recipes for lamb: chops, leg or shoulder, crown roasts, rack or saddle, and kebabs. Goat meat is generally quite lean and higher in moisture content so it is tender when handled properly. The meat of adult goats is almost always subjected to stewing because of its relative toughness, but in stews it is flavorful and tender. For safety, cook ground goat meat to 160° F or until juices are clear with no trace of pink or cloudiness. Roasts, steaks and shops can be cooked to medium rare (145° F), medium (160° F) or well done (170° F). Less tender cuts should be braised (roasted or simmered with a small amount of liquid in a tightly covered pan) or stewed. To share your recipe, send an email to editor at abga.org.

What’s cooking tonight?

Southwestern Goat Stoup

A recipe for you...

• 1-1.5lbs goat stew meat or ground goat • 1 lg chopped onion • 2 celery stalks • 4 med size potatoes (cubed) • 1 lg can corn (drained) • 1 lg can diced tomatoes

Moore Family Goat Ranch

• 2 15oz cans pinto or borracho beans (drained) • Tbsp Worcestershire sauce • 2 pkg McCormick or other stew seasoning • 1/2 cup flour • 1qt chicken stock

Trim and cut stew meat into bite-sized pieces. In a bowl, combine 1/2 cup flour and 1/2 pkg stew seasoning. Toss meat into cup and coat. In frying pan, with just enough oil to coat bottom, brown floured stew meat. Drain and add to large crock pot with chopped onion, cubed potatoes, diced celery, drained corn, Worcestershire sauce, 1.5 pkg stew seasoning and diced tomatoes. Stir in stock and cover mixture by 1 inch. Cook in crock pot on high for 6 hours or on low for 10 hours. Check liquid level half way. Add drained beans during the last hour. Serve topped with shredded cheese, sour cream and avocado slices. We hope you family enjoys as much as our did. - Nicole & JP Moore

We want to thank you, our customers, for your commitment, loyalty, and support. We appreciate you purchasing semen and supplies, as well as using the services we offer. Please contact us if you are interested in marketing your bucks as well. We have exposure in the domestic and international through our parent company Ag World International —


Let BIO-Genics Quality Semen Improve Your Herd Genetics!

208-756-6500 contactus@biogenicsltd.com www.biogenicsltd.com www.semenclearinghouse.com 30 - The Boer Goat

American Boer Goat Association Bylaws


The Board of Directors has discussed many bylaws changes over the past several years and is now presenting the membership with a proposal for revised bylaws of the association. Below you will find a brief outline of the clarifications and revisions that are being proposed. Please reach out to your regional director with any questions, and don’t forget to promptly return your ballot when you receive it in the mail.


• Reorganized and renumbered sections for easier reference • E-mail added as an approved method of notification • Web-based conferencing may be utilized to conduct Board and Executive Committee meetings • Broadened the purpose of the association by removing “exclusively… in the United States” • Added reference to the Code of Conduct • Updated number of regions and directors present when the latest bylaw revisions were approved Membership

• Membership year runs from January 1 to December 31 • Dues are payable by January 1 • New members have full membership privileges beginning on the day dues are paid, continuing through December 31 • Eligibility for Junior or Regular membership based on age on January 1 • Director candidates must be regular members in good standing as of January 1 • Members must be in good standing as of January 1 to receive a ballot for Director elections Board / Executive Committee

• Annual Meeting of Board of Directors to occur during the month of July • Election of Officers to be the first order of business at the Annual Meeting of the Board • Terms for elected directors to begin on the date of the Annual Meeting of the Board • Director vacancy appointments to serve until the next Annual Meeting of the Board • Clarified the process for filling Executive Committee vacancies • Clarification of process when a director’s term is interrupted by military service • President votes in the case of a tie vote or in a 2/3 vote of the whole Board when his vote would sway the outcome • If the Immediate Past President’s term has expired and he fails to be re-elected, he will serve on the Board and the Executive Committee in an advisory, non-voting capacity for the year immediately following his Presidency


• Removed specific references to an Executive Director, instead allowing the Board to hire and manage high-level employees as appropriate • All ABGA employees are considered at-will employees unless a written employment contract has been approved by the Board

Ballots will be in the mail soon!

American Boer Goat Association Committees Each year after new directors have been seated on the Board, the ABGA Board of Directors appoints committees according to need. Committees are vital to the development and growth of an association. They enhance communication, provide a method of improvement and involve the membership in developing the association. All members are encouraged to become active and consider volunteering to serve on committees that they have a specific interest in, and/or have skills that can contribute to the fulfillment of the committee’s goals. BREED IMPROVEMENT AND RESEARCH COMMITTEE Established to define and develop programs to encourage improvement of the Boer goat breed. Sara Davis - Chair Rusty Lee Joe Lary Duncan Shon Callahan Joe Airoso BREED STANDARDS COMMITTEE Established to make recommendations for changes to the ABGA breed standards. Tracy Diefenbach - Chair Sara Davis Rusty Lee Lauren Green Kathy Daves Carr Mark Berry Phillip Fullerton BUILDING COMMITTEE Established to plan for the construction of a new ABGA office building. Paul Grafe - Chair Brad Mackey FAMILY MEMBERSHIP COMMITTEE Established to explore the possibility of establishing a family membership for immediate family members to help reduce costs and excessive paperwork. Susan Burner - Chair Janis Wesson Paul Morgan JUDGES COMMITTEE Established to monitor judges and continue to develop judges education program. Lary Duncan – Chair Scott Pruett

Chip Kemp Jason Brashear Jeremy Church Kathy Daves Carr Josh Stephans Eddie Holland

JUDGES CERTIFICATION PLANNING COMMITTEE Established to coordinate certification opportunities for members desiring to be certified as ABGA judges. Lary Duncan – Chair Scott Pruett Chip Kemp Shelby Armstrong Eddie Holland Coni Ross Ron Dilley Curt Henry Jeremy Church MEMBER EDUCATION COMMITTEE Established to develop educational resources for members. Dawn Steward – Chair Donna Heinrich Josh Stephans Jesse Cornelius Shon Callahan Janis Wesson Sara Davis NATIONAL SHOW COMMITTEE Established to plan current and future national shows. Vicki Stich – Chair Janis Wesson Sheryl Pearcy Robin Graham Deric Wetherell Joshua Campbell Lauren Green Dawn Steward Susan Burner

Betty Peterson Ervin Chavana Janet Moraczewski

PUBLIC RELATIONS COMMITTEE Established to improve communication to current members, potential members, and the general public through various means, including The Boer Goat magazine, email communication and social media. Sara Davis - Chair Karla Blackstock Janis Wesson SANCTIONED SHOW COMMITTEE Established to support the sanctioned show program and investigate alternative systems to foster consistent placement in shows with multiple judges, such as the national show. Tracy Diefenbach - Chair Eddie Holland Jesse Cornelius Ron Dilly Josh Stephans Kathy Daves Carr Tom Reddan Beth Walker Susan Burner YOUTH COMMITTEE Established to work with the JABGA to increase opportunities for young members. Shon Callahan – Chair Susan Burner Paul Morgan Jason Brashear Cheryle Michalec Joshua Campbell Kathy Daves Carr Corey Billups Amanda Church Paul Morgan

Beginning January 2016, The Boer Goat magazine will be in your mailboxes sooner! Currently, each issue of the magazine is printed and mailed at the beginning of the second month of each issue. For example, the September/October 2015 magazine is mailed at the beginning of October. However, beginning with the January/February issue each magazine will be in your mailboxes at the beginning of the first month of each issue. This shift will allow our advertisers to have a better opportunity to place ads that are time sensitive. Editions will go out on time so you can rest assured knowing that your advertising dollars are being well spent. Additional changes and offers will be announced in the November/December issue. Look for more great news to come. Stay tuned....


First Last Company Email Address City State Zip Phone Number CASH




Best time to reach you


Mail completed subscription card with payment or credit card information to: ABGA; 1207 S Bryan Blvd. Suite C; San Angelo, TX 76903 Once your subscription card is received, you will receive an email confirmation from ABGA to verify your method of payment and information.

The Boer Goat - 49

















TEXAS Advertise your business in the classifieds! Only $150/year for a black and white ad or $300 for a color ad. Book yours today! Contact: editor@abga.org

USDA AMS Report Montgomery, AL, Aug. 31-Sep 4, 2015 Receipts: 117 Last week: 112 Year ago: 180 Sold per head unless noted. Feeder Kids (# 2) 10-20 lbs $40.0050.00; 20-30 lbs $51.00-57.00; 30-40 lbs $50.00-64.00; 40-50 lbs $72.00; 50-60 lbs $67.00-80.00 Replacement Does/Nannies (# 1) 70100 lbs $120.00-135.00 (# 2) 20-70 lbs $55.00-72.0070-100 lbs $90.00-100.00 Centennial Livestock Auction Ft. Collins, CO, Sept. 09, 2015 Receipts: 396 Last Week: 627 Year Ago: 890 Sold per head unless noted. Slaughter Kids (# 1) 75-79 lbs $187.50195.00; 80-89 lbs $200.00-215.00; 80-84 lbs $225.00-232.50 (# 2) 40-45 lbs $85.00-95.00; 50-56 lbs $105.00115.00; 60-68 lbs $130.00-140.00; 70-76 lbs $165.00-175.00; 80-84 lbs $170.00185.00 Nannies/Does (# 1) 100-150 lbs 200.00215.00; 155-180 lbs 240.00-255.00; # 2 90-115 lbs 140.00-155.00; 125-140 lbs 180.00-192.50 Bucks/ Billies (# 1) 90-210 lbs 290.00305.00; (# 2) 105-120 lbs 230.00-240.00 Wethers (# 1) 105-110 lbs 280.00290.00; 140-190 lbs 315.00-327.50 (# 2) 95-105 lbs 245.00-260.00; 125-140 lbs 275.00-280.00

Des Moines, IA for Sep 9, 2015 Receipts: 668 Two weeks ago: 192 Year Ago: 259 Sold per head unless noted. Slaughter Kids (# 1) 1 70-77 lbs $197.50210.00; 80-87 lbs $200.00-215.00; 95-97 lbs $225.00-255.00 (# 2) 40-47 lbs $100.00-115.50; 50-51 lbs $112.50117.50; 60-69 lbs $150.00-205.00; 73-75 lbs $175.00-185.00; 80-83 lbs $175.00187.50; 90-92 lbs $200.00-210.00 Slaughter Does (# 2) 80-125 lbs $110.00170.00; 133-160 lbs $170.00-192.50 Slaughter Wethers (# 1-2) 104 lbs $225.00 # 2 78-86 lbs $195.00-197.50 Loup City Commission Co. Kearney, NE 8/01/2015 Receipts: 358 Last Month: 323 Last Year: 312 Sold per head unless noted. Slaughter Kids (# 1) 45 lbs $110.00; 50-55 lbs $122.50-127.50; 60-65 lbs$ 140.00-150.00; 70-75 lbs $155.00160.00; 85 lbs $165.00; 95 lbs $190.00 (# 2) 45 lbs $80.00-105.00; 50-55 lbs $100.00-115.00; 60-65 lbs $125.00-137.50; 75 lbs $145.00 Replacement Nannies 60-85 lbs $137.50-142.50; 110-135 lbs $145.00170.00; 125-135 lbs $225.00-325.00 Slaughter Nannies (# 1) 110-140 lbs $120.00-137.50. Replacement Billies (# 1) 90-155 lbs $205.00-290.00 # 2 90-200 lbs $170.00190.00 Slaughter Billies (# 1) 125-165 lbs $175.00-200.0 # 2 130 lbs $145.00

New Holland, PA for Sept 07, 2015 Receipts: 2228 Last Week: 1655 Year Ago: 1433 Sold per head unless noted. Slaughter Kids (# 1) 40-50 lbs $200.00225.00; 50-60 lbs $225.00-250.00; 6080 lbs $240.00-250.00 (# 2) 40-50 lbs $145.00-170.00; 50-60 lbs $175.00-200.00, wethers $280.00295.00; 60-80 lbs $210.00-235.00 Slaughter Nannies/Does (# 1) 80-130 lbs $210.00-240.00; 130-18 lbs $225.00255.00 Slaughter Bucks/Billies (# 1) 100-150 lbs $335.00-340.00; 150-250 lbs $350.00365.00 Slaughter Wethers (# 1) 100-150 lbs $360.00-385.00; 150-250 lbs $435.00440.00. Producers Livestock Auction Co San Angelo, TX for Sep 09, 2015 Receipts: 2542 Last Week: 3135 Year Ago: 3636 Goats sold per CWT unless noted. Slaughter Kids: (# 1) 30-40 lbs $242.00256.00; 40-60 lbs $240.00-262.00; 60-80 lbs $240.00-260.00; 80-110 lbs $240.00-254.00 Does/Nannies (#1- 2) 80-130 lbs $134.00-158.00; 130-170 lbs $122.00142.00; thin 80-120 lbs $100.00-134.00 Bucks/Billies (#1- 2) 75-100 lbs $178.00204.00, 100-150 lbs $150.00-178.00, yearlings $186.00-240.00; 150-250 lbs $152.00-176.00 Replacement Does/Nannies: # 1-2 60-105 lbs $160.00-194.00

The Boer Goat - 51

Photo Contest Nicole Moore

Bella & Babba

Parker Stone


Alex Jurica Michelangelo Dwight Steelman

Addison Hoefelmeyer

Megan & Hope 52 - The Boer Goat

Tara Jurica

Little Missy Tricia Madison

Alyssa Dugat & Mississippi

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