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South Dakota Red Angus Association www.SouthDakotaRedAngus.com Don’t Miss These SDRAA Events Jan 21-22 Sioux Empire Livestock Show Feb 5-6 Black Hills Stock Show July 24-25 SD Summer Spotlight Show Sept 3 South Dakota State Fair Barber Farms Herb & Julie Barber 23173 373rd Ave Wess. Springs, SD 57382 Bergeland Stock Farm Karl Bergeland 46377 217th Street Volga, SD 57071 Bieber Red Angus Ranch Craig & Peggy Bieber 11459 353rd Avenue Leola, SD 57456 Broken Heart Ranch Gary & Chad Pederson 12523 245th Avenue Firesteel, SD 57633 Campbell Red Angus Robert Campbell 5096 95th Street SW McIntosh, SD 57641 Caraway Red Angus Ranch Jon & Blair Caraway 1525 200th Street Lake Benton, MN 56149 Carruthers Brothers Ranch Barb Carruthers 47165 253rd Street Bal^c, SD 57003 Double S Farms Neil Stuefen 226 County Road 15 Arco, MN 56113 Driscoll Ca]le Company Brian Driscoll 21359 427th Avenue De Smet, SD 57231 Eagle Pass Ranch AJ Munger 34261 200th Street Highmore, SD 57345
Eichacker Red Angus Steve & Cathy Eichacker 25466 445th Avenue Salem, SD 57058 Eichler Livestock Keith Eichler 1642 Melody Lane Aberdeen, SD 57401 Fleming/Flagstad James Fleming Lois Flagstad 1312 E. Woodland Dr. Spearﬁsh, SD 57783 Garrigan Land and Ca]le Riley and Jus^n Garrigan 16699 216th Ave Dupree, SD 57623 Grussing Red Angus Mark Grussing 35331 264th Street Pla]e, SD 57369 Handel Red Angus Bruce & Mary Handel 28574 435th Avenue Menno, SD 57045 Haneke Ranch Jim & Jessica Haneke 46328 257th St Har_ord, SD 57033 Hanson Red Angus Ranch Ben Hanson 221 181st Street Jasper, MN 56144 Hanson's Red Angus Joel & Pam Singrey 18155 440th Avenue Hazel, SD 57242 Homestake Ranch Keith & Amanda Larsen 38393 US Hwy 14 Wolsey, SD 57384
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Jung Ca]le Company Alex & Shelby Jung 561 N Sunset Drive Mina, SD 57451 Kappes Red Angus Nathan Kappes 402 S Commercial Street Clark, SD 57225 Kemen Farms Red Angus Dave Kemen 1995 261st Avenue Madison, MN 56256 Koedam Ca]le Co Steve & Chris^na Koedam 10168 Ahlers Avenue Edgerton, MN 56128 Lazy J Bar Ranch John & Stephanie Jung 36813 131st Street Mina, SD 57451 Leddy Red Angus Gene & Wade Leddy 47296 153rd Street Twin Brooks, SD 57269 Lone Tree Red Angus Brad Schecher 18164 135th Street Bison, SD 57620 M & M Acres Mark & MaryKay Lacek 3580 County Road 105 Canby, MN 56220 Mitchell Red Angus Brandon & Belinda Mitchell 23950 South Creek Road Kadoka, SD 57543 Namken Red Angus Jared & Lacey Namken 45536 189th Street Lake Norden, SD 57248
Odden Ca]le Company Dean Odden & Sons 20361 Green Valley Rd Ree Heights, SD 57371 P4 Ca]le Company Sco], Chance & Clay Popham 18297 447th Avenue Hay^, SD 57241 Pladsen Red Angus Chase Pladsen 1310 Lansing Harpers Road Harpers Ferry, IA 52146 Raml Ca]le Phillip, Adam & Grant Raml 46626 170th Street Goodwin, SD 57238 Reisdorfer Red Angus Jeremy & Tyler Reisdorfer 23059 Birke] Avenue Magnolia, MN 56158 Ressler Land and Ca]le Mark & Bryan Ressler 803 1st St NW Cooperstown, ND 58425 Rocking Tree Ranch LLC Randy Hallock 1745 Davenport Street Sturgis, SD 57785 S Bar U Red Angus Cal & Tracy Swanson 26233 Main Street Hamill, SD 57534 Sanderson Red Angus Bruce & Carolyn Sanderson 11997 410th Avenue Claremont, SD 57432 Sandy Willow Red Angus Glenn and Paul Gaikowski 13933 450th Avenue Waubay, SD 57273
Shaggy Meadows Red Angus Jared & Michelle Dick 27634 443rd Avenue Marion, SD 57403 Sinkie Ranch Ma] Sinkie 22313 361st Ave Gann Valley, SD 57341 Thomas Ranch Troy & Veabea Thomas 18475 Capri Place Harrold, SD 57536 TLC Livestock Services Colby & Tracy Lind 617 Hanover Court Rushford, MN 55971 TSN Lucky Red Angus Thor Nelson 533 North 6th Street Montevideo, MN 56265 Valnes Ranch Red Angus Emit & Jayme Valnes 12310 447th Avenue Eden, SD 57232 VanderWal Red Angus Kent & Shawn VanderWal 20513 465th Avenue Bruce, SD 57220 Weber Red Angus Jason Weber 102 S Depot Parkston, SD 57366
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35th Annual Edition
Issue dedicated to our tough-tested people in the cattle industry Frederick. I know it takes hard work and commitment to feed and care for livestock.
By Connie Sieh Groop Special to the Farm Forum
Wet mucky lots. Short tempers. Hay floating in fields. Breakdowns. Rain. Wet corn. Cold temperatures. Broken fences. Snow. Frustration. It seems like everything has been thrown at farmers and ranchers this winter, spring and fall as the hardworking people of the area continue to care for the livestock they love. While conditions have been far from typical, the men and women in the Farm Forum’s coverage area never give up. If they find adversity, they overcome it and move on to the next challenge. The supply of beef to grocery stores continues, with consumers having little knowledge of the work that goes into producing each pound of hamburger, each pound of steak and the toll it may take on the souls of those involved. While some are looking for meat alternatives, the statistics show, on average, each person consumes 55.5 pounds per year. Knowing that time is precious when facing extreme conditions, I hesitated to call farmers and ranchers for stories. But each one seemed to have a few minutes to share a bit of what they are going through to let people know what they face every day. For some it was therapy. Most ended the call by saying that others have it worse. This is the second year that Farm Forum’s Advertising Director Christy Orwig wanted to provide increased local content in this issue. She asked me, as a former editor of Farm Forum, to interview and write stories that will connect with our readers. I have great respect for those who live and work in the livestock industry. I grew up on a farm where cattle were raised but it’s been years since we’ve had cattle on our place at
The nerves of many have been stretched as tight as good fence wire this fall. Many still struggle with getting feed home, crops harvested and cattle moved. Freezing temperatures firmed up the ground, making it easier in some ways, harder in others. In this issue of Farm Forum’s Cattlemen’s Edition, attention focuses on issues impacting those living and working on ranches and farms. Industry leaders share their perspective on ag issues including the Beef Checkoff, traceability, fake meat and innovations in the industry. I’ve interviewed some who live and work in the industry, asking them to share details about their operations. The South Dakota Animal Disease Research and Diagnostic Laboratory is the front line of defense in protecting the state’s $7.3 billion livestock industry against diseases and provides important diagnostic information. Specialists share information concerning nutrition and the care of animals. New technology offers ways to help deal with the increasingly complex world. Resilience. That’s the word that that impresses me through all the stories. Those in the ag community have the capability to endure stress to recover and move forward. Many have that; sadly, a few within our midst will not be able to endure the stresses. As a close-knit community, reach out to those who are struggling. Sometimes it takes a helping hand; sometimes it takes a few minutes to listen; sometimes it just means being there and believing that next year will be better. If you can suggest people who would be good subjects for future issues, please let me know by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org
Regional Publisher - Kevin Shaw Advertising Director - Christy Orwig Farm Forum Sales Mgr - Lynde Ross The FA RM FORUM'" (USPS #000-451) is published weekly every Friday plus a special edition in the Spring and a special edition in the Fall by the Aberdeen News Company, P.O. Box 4430, 124 South Second Street, Aberdeen, South Dakota 57402-4430. Periodicals postage paid at the Post Office, Aberdeen, South Dakota 57401.
December 6, 2019
Editorial Contributor - Connie Sieh Groop Layout Design - Elaine Kling
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CONTENT Late harvest, wet fall means calves slow to market...............................8 2020 Prime Time Gala........................................................................12 Johnson family earns 2019 Adolph Leopold Conservation Award.....16 Financial uncertainty requires adjustments.......................................22 Montanholi new NDSU Extension beef cattle specialist......................25 Ellingson Ranch marketing services....................................................26 South Dakota Grazing Exchange makes connections.........................30 Services expand at veterinary diagnostic lab at SDSU........................33 605 Sires expands operation...............................................................38 Small changes can have huge impacts for cattle producers.................41 Unique design for calf shelters by Iron Ranch Mfg..............................44 Feeding light test weight corn............................................................47 Common Sense Manufacturing offering solar-powered pumps.......48 Research explores virtual fencing in the Black Hills.............................52 Spring Sales Preview...........................................................................55 Real-life grazing tips to boost production............................................62 Updates for livestock risk protection..................................................65 Tax rebate programs expanded for livestock projects........................67 Legacy tension fabric buildings..........................................................70 Choosing beef genetics in dairy herds................................................72 Farm and rural stress hotline health provides options.........................75 Stress management and mental health.............................................76 Cull cows, managing and marketing considerations...........................78 Cammack Ranch utliizing high-tensile wire fencing...........................82 October cattle on the feed report.......................................................86 Passionate people need to step up....................................................90 Sharing stories at the 2019 CAB conference........................................92 Beef checkoff serves at industry catalyst...........................................94 SD Cattlemen’s Association reviews industry issues...........................96 Improving grasslands with mob grazing............................................102 SD Fed Cattle Challenge for young people.........................................106 Cattlemen’s Roundup
Johnson family award page 16
Legacy buildings page 70
Cammack Ranch grazing 82 December 6, 2019
Fall run for calves at sale barn
slower to start
By Connie Sieh Groop Special to the Farm Forum
Calves from the area are a little slower heading to the sale barns this fall as cattle producers deal with delayed harvest and mucky conditions. Steve Hellwig said the fall calf run really began with the Nov. 6 sale at Hub City Livestock which was just shy of 5,000 calves. That’s a week or so later than normal. He said the calves, on average, are slightly lighter than a year ago. Some is due to producers calving later. An important factor might be that the grass was a lot washier so the animals didn’t get as much benefit from it and with conditions, it was harder to put creep feeders out. “Prices are a little lower than last year,” Steve said. “Considering the year, they are not as bad as we thought they could be. Compared to 30 days ago, they are a pinch higher and we’re looking for them to get higher yet. A lot haven’t weaned calves because their yards aren’t ready. Producers are struggling as some don’t have their manure hauled, their fence fixed and they still need to get silage cut. The cold weather has helped the yards to firm up to get cattle moved home, harvest to proceed and hay moved home. “ “We’ve had a half dozen customers who normally wean their calves have sold their calves off the cow as their yards are a mess and they didn’t have a way to wean them properly.” He believes the late corn harvest will have a big impact on winter feed. Normally, about 70 to 80 percent of the cattle producers run their cattle on cornstalks which is a big benefit. Farmers can’t get their corn off the fields which means there aren’t cornstalks to graze. Some who haven’t fed corn are now looking at the possibility. Some of the corn is coming off the fields at 30 to 35 percent moisture. With drying costs, it’s hard to justify the expense. Steve said, “I think that’s why the calf market is strengthening as ultimately a lot of corn will be fed.” There is a lot of roughage in the country. There is a lot of hay, not always the best quality but there is plenty of feed. The problem is figuring out the best way to feed.
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The calf market is economically difficult. “Weights are less, dollars are less. Can we withstand that? We need these calf prices to be priced higher. Each year it takes more and more money to raise the calves. A big question for producers will be, is the calf market bringing in enough money to get everybody through?” Hellwig said those raising the animals are a tough, dedicated bunch. “This is what they do better than anyone else in this country. They raise some of the best cattle in the region. Some of the cattle producers are third and fourth generations and they know what to do and love what they do. I hope the markets get better soon so they can continue to do what they love.” A lot of the local cattle are going to the DemKota Ranch Beef. Steve said, “Having the packing plant across the street is a tremendous advantage to us which provides, I feel, the most competitive butcher cow market in the upper Midwest. It gives a guy an advantage of $50 to $60 a head on freight costs and that’s real money. Having the plant makes a huge difference in the market.” Calf sales will be good now until the first of April with 4,500 to 6,000 head each week. The bred cow season started Nov. 16. _________________________________________________
Producers have plenty of roughage, will miss grazing cornstalks this fall These interviews from the week of Oct. 20, show the frustrations experienced by producers across the area this fall. At Granite View Farms feedlot at Milbank, the Johnson family started getting calves into their custom feedlot during October. Nancy Johnson explained, “We vaccinate them, got them situated and bedded. We did not have many cattle over the summer, so the pens were clean, and manure has been hauled. Some fences always need fixing.” Cattlemen’s Roundup
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Cattlemen’s Roundup “We plan to take custom cattle in until we are full. We feed some of our own also. Cattle feeders lost quite a bit of money on the last turn so everyone is really selective on what to buy. We are feeding the cattle as efficiently as possible. But If the market is not giving a return, it’s hard to entice anyone to feed cattle. We’re hopeful that things will work out. We have plenty of hay and roughage on hand. The corn supply should be there.” When interviewed in October, they’d only had two days of decent weather for silage chopping. This year it seems like it never dried out. She said, “It took two months to get rye combined. Some days they could only work two hours in the field before the straw got tough. The longer it took, the worse conditions got with the grain laying on the ground. The straw is important for bedding and it was hard to get it baled. We finally burned the last 35 acres as the weeds took over and the grain began to sprout. Even when spraying the weeds, it was too cold for the chemical to work. Imagine that.”
Mucky lots are frustrating Karen Mutschler at Eureka would like to move some cows to market. She has 480 cows and bred heifers. “I have 40 open cows that I’d like to sell but I can’t get the semi in the yard to haul them out. Normally, I’d finish them by feeding them chopped hay and silage. But I’ll need the silage and hay I have to feed the cows and the 388 calves I have.”
Wet conditions left ruts in many fields. Many left tractors in fields, knowing it will be needed to pull combines, trucks or grain carts out of the mud. Courtesy Photo
Because of the conditions, she hasn’t hauled manure. The excess moisture didn’t allow Karen to get in the lots to smooth out ruts and tracks in fields. “Now that the ground has frozen, it will be another expense to try to level lots or else drive across the ruts all winter, possibly breaking things. I blew out a tire on a loaded vertical mixer wagon driving through a gate which had been frozen with knee-deep ruts. The rain resulted in plenty of hay. She hauled hay three days during the summer. On a recent Saturday, she hauled 11 loads home with the semi sinking 6 inches when loaded in the field. “I had to use the tractor to pull myself out of the field. I’ve got maybe a quarter of my hay home. My fields are so muddy that I’ve had to bring bales two by two with the loader. Many neighbors are in the same shape.”
October snow at Eureka made taking care of cattle challenging.
“It’s been a struggle; I’ve cried more in the last month than in the last five years. I found a dead steer with its
December 6, 2019
Cattlemen’s Roundup feet deep in the mud. It looked like it got stuck while trying to walk through a gate. It was pretty deep in there. Calves are in belly deep mud to eat at the bunks. I tried scraping and pushing the mud away with the front loader yesterday. I can’t get in there with the payloader as it’s too heavy. I just didn’t know what else to do.” Karen said, “It’s hard to stay ahead of everything this year. It’s a struggle just checking the cattle. I really have to step carefully and know that I’m going to make it.”
Getting a bird’s eye view Dusty Schley said they’ve been fortunate at their farm near Stratford. Schley was on his way home from the sale barn when he was interviewed. He decided that it wasn’t the day to buy any calves for their feedlot. “Our pens and lots are surprisingly in pretty decent shape. Drainage is working well even with the wet fall. We’ll get some calves in the feedlot in the next month or so.”
Scouting with his drone provides the Schley family a way to take a bird’s eye view of their lots and fields. “For us, using the drone and taking pictures shows us where we may need to consider putting in drain tile. Those images allow us the rethink our feedlot management practices so the lots are cleaner and drier. It’s been a challenging year but also one that showed us how we can improve.”
Unprecedented moisture Lynn Deibert and his neighbors near Herreid struggle to move feed for their cattle to prepare for winter. In an area called the high desert by some, the 20 to 25 inches of rain they’ve received is out of character. Normal annual rainfall is around 15 inches. Many years, when clouds rolled in, the area was lucky to get a quarter of an inch of rain. “This year it seemed like we got 1 ½ inches every time there was a chance of rain. I really hate to complain about moisture. In July, a huge swath of hail hit the whole farm. Besides the rain, we’ve already received 10 inches of snow.”
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Cattlemen’s Roundup “Our stock dam close to our yard ran over this spring and it’s running over now. That never happens.” With all the extra moisture, Deibert really worries about next spring. He said with the moisture for corn above 30, drying it would cost a buck and a half a bushel, an expense he can’t afford. He’s considering harvesting the cornfields in the spring, hoping that will bring down the moisture naturally in the crop. He’d planned to run cattle on the cornstalks this fall but if he leaves the corn in the fields, that won’t happen. Some fall season cover crops might help with his feed needs. There is a lot of feed, but it’s not at the home place. A few bales came home but with the mud and the roads, they can’t get any stacks moved. The Deiberts grab some bales with the loader for the cows at home.
The Deiberts always plant some sorghum for feed but they couldn’t get it baled. The millet he’d planted for seed grew to chest high and then went down. Hopefully, they’ll be able to graze some cows on it. There is silage to cut but the trucks can’t get around in the fields. He’s waiting for his turn as the guys who cut silage will come to his place to do earlage when they finish. “It’s wait and see. It could always be worse,” Deibert said.
Wet conditions resulted in many trucks that needed to be pulled from fields. Courtesy Photo
SAVE THE DATE:
Prime Time Gala • June 27, 2020 With $3.72 billion impact annually, South Dakota’s beef industry is one of the driving forces behind the state’s economy. The South Dakota Cattlemen’s Foundation is working to help end one of South Dakota’s biggest problems: hunger. Make plans to attend the seventh annual 2020 Prime Time Gala which will be held June 27, 2020. Further details are not yet announced. The South Dakota Cattlemen’s Foundation hosted the sixth annual Prime Time Gala – an upscale banquet dinner at the Sioux Falls Convention Center and concert with award-winning country music artist, Jake Owen and Jarrod Niemann, at the Denny Sanford PREMIER Center. The South Dakota Cattlemen’s Foundation raised $263,250 Feeding South Dakota at the 2019 Prime Time Gala. Since 2014, the event has raised $1,229,360. Funds raised at the
December 6, 2019
event have helped to purchase and distribute over 815,209 pounds of beef for those that need it the most across South Dakota. All proceeds from the concert, gala auction and truck raffle support FEEDING SOUTH DAKOTA as well as our scholarship program. “We believe in the mission of Feeding South Dakota – and we also believe in promoting beef as a healthy part of a balanced diet. We also recognize that the future of the beef industry lies in the youth who have a sincere interest in the industry with our scholarship program. For additional details about the South Dakota Cattlemen’s Foundation’s Scholarship Program and Fed Cattle Challenge, please visit http://SDCattlemensFoundation.com
December 6, 2019
SALE CALENDAR CALL NOW TO GET YOUR UPCOMING PRODUCTION SALE ON OUR LIVESTOCK CALENDAR DECEMBER 07 – Mandan, ND, Chimney Butte Ranch Annual Female Sale, 1PM at Kist Livestock 09 – Bertrand, NE, Cross Diamond Cattle Company, 12PM 12 – Belfield, ND, Richard Angus Annual Sale, 1:30 PM MST at the Ranch 14 – Aberdeen, SD, Ulmer Land and Cattle Female Sale, 1PM at Hub City Livestock 17 – Anselmo, NE, Lonesome River Production Sale, 1PM
JANUARY 04 – Rockville, NE, Carl Dethlefs & Sons, 1PM 06 – Napoleon, ND, MacDonald Ranches Genetic Partners Female Sale, PM at Napoleon Livestock 13 – Faith, SD, Edgar Brothers Annual 2-Year-Old Sale at Faith Livestock 13 – Mandan, ND, Rohrich’s Cutting Edge Ranch Annual Sale, 1PM at Kist Livestock 19 – Fordville, ND, Jallo Angus Ranch Annual Production Sale, 1:30PM 24 – Dahlen, ND, Ellingson Simmentals Bull Sale, 1PM at the Farm 24 – Frederick, SD, SK Cattle Maternally Driven Performance Delivery Annual Production Sale, 3PM 25 – Garretson, SD, Double J Farms 46th Annual Bull Sale, 12PM 25 – New England, ND, 21 Angus Top Cut Bull Sale, 1PM MST at the Ranch 26 – Mandan, ND, North Dakota Gelbvieh Association Golden Rule Sale, 1PM at Kist Livestock 27 – Lake Benton, MN, Delaney Hereford Annual Sale, 1PM at Delaney Herefords Sale Barn 27 – Rockham, SD, Edgar Brothers Annual Yearling Bull Sale at the Ranch
FEBRUARY 02 – Almont, ND, Larson TL Ranches Black Simmental Production Sale, 2PM at the Ranch
03 – Halliday, ND, Pelton Polled Herefords & Shawn Reiss Angus Cattlemen’s Choice Bull Sale, 1PM at the Ranch 06 – Glendive, MT, Idland Cattle Co. Common Sense Bull Sale, 1PM at Glendive Livestock Exchange 07 – Cleveland, ND, Vandeberghe Flying V Angus 20th Annual Bull & Female Sale, 1PM at the Ranch 07 – Belfield, ND, Baumgarten Cattle Co. 17th Annual Bull Sale, 1PM MST at the Ranch 07 – Scotia, NE, Poss Angus Annual Bull & Female Sale, 1PM 07 – Rugby, ND, Bata Brothers/Bell Family Joint Simmental Bull & Female Sale, 1PM 07 – Mandan, ND, Severance Diamond Charolais & Angus Annual Bull Sale, 1:30PM at Kist Livestock 08 – Clearbrook, MN, Rydeen Farms Genetics with Vision Simmental & SimAngus Bull & Female Sale, at the Farm 08 – Gladstone, ND, Prairie Hills Gelbvieh Annual Bull Sale, 1PM 09 – Bowman, ND, MRNAK Herefords 53rd Annual Production Sale, 1PM MST at Bowman Livestock 10 – Dante, SD, Koupal 43rd Annual Angus Sale, at the Ranch 10 – DeSmet, SD - Wilkinson Ranch Black Angus Yearling Bulls Sale, 1PM 11 – Richardton, ND, Forster Red Angus Sale, 1PM at Wicks Sale Facility 12 – Houghton, SD, Traxinger Simmental Annual Production Sale, 1PM 15 – Kimball, SD, Ekstrum Annual Simmental Bull Sale, 1PM at the Ranch 15 – Eureka, SD, Hillsview Hereford Private Treaty Bull Sale Open House, at the Farm 16 – Aberdeen, SD, Lazy J BarRanch Annual Bull Sale with Flittie & Schnabel Ranch Simmentals, at Hub City Livestock 16 – Watertown, SD, Nathan Palm 8th Production Angus Sale, 1PM at Glacial Lakes Livestock Sale Facility
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17 – Highmore, SD, Eagle Pass Ranch Annual Production Sale 17 – Hoven, SD, Raush Herefords 62nd Annual Sale 17 – Mandan, ND, Tokach Angus Annual Sale, 1PM at Kist Livestock 18 – Oakes, ND, QBVJT Power By Design Annual Bull Sale, 1PM 19 – Bowdle, SD, Hilltop Angus 42nd Annual Production Sale, Steph Binger 1PM at the Ranch 605-460-0819 20 – Mandan, ND, Gustin’s email@example.com Diamond D Glebvieh Annual Production Sale, 1PM 21 – Mandan, ND, Dakota Xpress Bull Sale, 1PM at Kist Livestock Auction 21 – Aberdeen, SD, R Lazy B Annual Production Sale, 1PM at Hub City Livestock 23 – Mandan, ND, Kal Kota Annual Bull Sale, 1PM at Kist Livestock Auction 23 – Redfield, SD, Wagner Brittney Bulson Herefords Open House & 605-622-2223 Online Bull Sale, at the Ranch 23 – Mandan, ND, Turtle River firstname.lastname@example.org Cattle Co. Red Angus Annual Sale, 1PM at Kist Livestock 24 – Frederick, SD, Hart Angus Farms 25 – Philip, SD, Deep Creek Angus Ranch 21st Annual Bull Sale, 1PM CT 27 – Amherst, SD, Symens Brothers Limousin 39th Annual Production Sale, 1PM at the Farm 27 – Artesian, SD, Moore Angus Alvin Crouch 36th Annual Performance Sale, 701-240-1326 1PM email@example.com 28 – Geddes, SD, Gant Polled Herefords & Angus Annual Sale, 1PM 28 – Wetonka, SD, Treftz Annual Production Sale, 1PM 28 – Carthage, SD, Peckenpaugh Angus Annual 2-Year Olds Bull Sale, 1:30PM 29 – Goodhue, MN, 35th Annual PrivateTreatly Sale by Shafer Farms, 11AM 29 – Miller, SD, Lammers Ranch Annual Production Sale, 1PM Lynnette Crouch 29 – Britton, SD, Bush Angus 46th 701-838-7076 Annual Focus on Performance firstname.lastname@example.org Sale, 1PM
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The Livestock Sale Calendar is a free listing for our readers for all advertised sales. In fairness to all parties involved, it contains only date, location, time, type of sale and producers name. Please contact individual sale companies for more details. The Farm Forum is not responsible for errors or omissions.
December 6, 2019
SALE CALENDAR CALL NOW TO GET YOUR UPCOMING PRODUCTION SALE ON OUR LIVESTOCK CALENDAR MARCH
Kali Holt 605-730-1870 email@example.com
JoLynn Podoll 605-622-2274 firstname.lastname@example.org
Wanda Schaefer 605-622-2249 email@example.com
Jeannie Trevett 605-237-8063 firstname.lastname@example.org
01 – Spencer, SD, Windy Creek Cattle Co. Profit Through Performance Bull Sale, 1PM at Windy Creek Cattle Co. 02 – Mobridge, SD, Campbell Red Angus Bull Sale, 1PM CT 05 – Mandan, ND, Keller Broken Heart Ranch, 1PM 05 – Mandan, ND, Doll Ranch Charolais & Simmental Genetics Sale, 1PM at Kist Livestock 05 – Leola, SD, Bieber Fever Spring Production Sale, at the Ranch 06 – Mandan, ND, Chimney Butte Ranch Annual Production Sale, 1PM at Kist Livestock Auction 06 – Salem, SD Eichacker Annual Production Sale 2020, 1PM at the Farm 06 – Bowdle, SD, Sandmeier Charolais Annual Bull Sale, 1PM at the Ranch 07 – Selby, SD, Lazy TV Ranch Gelbvieh, Angus & Balancers Production Sale, 1PM at the Ranch 08 – Florence, SD, RBM Livestock Annual Production Sale, 1PM 10 – Mandan, ND, MacDonald Ranches Performance Power Bull Sale, 1PM at the Ranch 10 – Brentford, SD, Styles Angus 42nd Annual Production Sale, 1PM 11 – LaMoure, ND, Wendel Livestock Annual Angus Production Sale, 7PM at the Farm 12 – Stockholm, SD, Schmig Simmental Ranch 37th Annual Production Sale, 1PM 13 – Sidney, MT, Leland Red Angus & Koester Red Angus 37th Annual Production Sale, 1PM MT 14 – Walcott, SD, Moe Gelbvieh Annual Production Sale, 1PM at the Ranch 14 – Detroit Lakes, MN, Big Rok Angus Sale, 1PM at the Ranch 16 – Rockham, SD, Baxter Angus Farm Sale, 1PM at the Farm 17 – Missoula, MT, Blevins 19th Annual Angus Production
Ph: 605-225-4100 |
Sale, 1PM 17 – Philip, SD, Nelson Red Angus, 12PM MST 17 – Platte, SD, TSN Simmentals Annual Sale 19 – Lemmon, SD, Evenson Angus Sale, 1PM at Lemmon Livestock Inc. 19 – Fullerton, NE, DBL 9th Annual Bull & Female Sale, 1PM 20 – Huron, SD, Hojer Ranch 28th Annual Gelbvieh & Balancer Production Sale, 1PM at Magness Livestock 20 – Mobridge, SD, Scherbenske Angus 44th Annual Bull & Female Sale, 1PM at Mobridge Livestock 20 – Herreid, SD, Rossow Angus Ranch 29th Annual Bull & Female Sale, 1PM 21 – Plevna, MT, Milk Creek Reds Bull Sale, 1PM MDT at the Ranch 21 – Canby, MN, Rockin’ H Simmentals 2020 Annual Production Sale, 12PM 24 – Montpelier, ND, C-B Charolais Annual Bull Sale, 5:30PM at the C-B Sale Facility 24 – Mandan, ND, Lodoen Cattle Company Sale, 1PM at Kist Livestock Auction 27 – Armour, SD, Lau Angus Annual Bull& Female Sale, 1PM at the Ranch 28 – Huron, SD, Geyer Cattle Annual Production Sale, 1PM at Magness Livestock 28 – Rugby, ND, Cranview Gelbvieh, 1PM at Rugby Livestock 30 – Huron, SD, Miller Angus Farms Annual Bull Sale, 1PM
APRIL 02 – Bassett, NE, A&B Cattle 04 – Carpenter, SD, Nelson Angus 16th Annual Production Sale, 7PM 06 – Lake Andes, SD, Weber Charolais & Red Angus Farms, 1PM 09 – Atkinson, NE, 32nd Wulf
Cattle Opportunity Sale of 2020, 12:00 Noon At Sandy Ridge Ranch 11 – Selby, SD, Thorstenson Hereford Ranch Annual Production Sale, 1PM at the Ranch 14 – Valentine, NE, Oakwater Ranch/Rocking Arrow Charolais 37th Annual Bull Sale, 1PM 14 – Harrold, SD, Thomas Ranch Annual Bull Sale, 1PM 18 – White Earth, ND, Feiring Angus 26th Production Sale, 1PM 22 – Dickinson, ND, 46th Annual Opp Angus Performance Sale, 1PM MST 23 – Jamestown, ND, Prairie Pride Annual Production Sale, 5PM 24 – Napoleon, ND, Huberey Angus/Kuhn Angus/Crosshair Simmentals Production Sale, 5PM at Napoleon Livestock 25 – Carpenter, SD, Wicks Angus Annual Production Sale, 6PM at the Ranch 27 – Ipswich, SD, Lazy J Bar Ranch Annual Boer Goat Sale, at Edmunds Co Fairgrounds
MAY 07 – Raymond, SD, Kopriva Angus Twilight Bull Sale, 6:30PM 11 – LaMoure, ND, Wendel Livestock Annual Angus Production Sale, 7PM at the Farm
PRIVATE TREATY • Keppen Charolais – Bull & Female Sale, Volga, SD • Stangl Shorthorns – March 2020, Java, SD • Hillsview Herefords – Open House Feb. 15th, 2020, Eureka, SD • Reed Simmental Private Treaty Bull Sale, Randy 605-530-2748 or 605-997-2748 • Callies Angus, Bull Sales start March 1, Howard, SD • Volek Ranch - Selling Registered Gelbvieh, Balancer & Angus Yearling Bulls, Highmore, SD
| Fax: 605-229-3954
The Livestock Sale Calendar is a free listing for our readers for all advertised sales. In fairness to all parties involved, it contains only date, location, time, type of sale and producers name. Please contact individual sale companies for more details. The Farm Forum is not responsible for errors or omissions.
December 6, 2019
Staying “loyal to the soil” earns Johnson family top conservation award
Johnson Family receiving 2019 Leopold Conservation Award during the farm tour this summer. Photo by Connie Sieh Groop By Connie Sieh Groop Special to the Farm Forum
Dedicated attention to conservation practices rewarded a Frankfort family with the 2019 Adolph Leopold Conservation Award. “Farming with the family, this is what life’s about,” Brian Johnson said at the award ceremony held at Johnson’s shop in July. He praised his dad for starting the family on their journey to the prestigious honor. The award is presented in honor of renowned conservationist and author Aldo Leopold, who called for an ethical relationship between people and the land they own and manage. A tour/field day at Johnson Farms highlighted the efforts the family made, incorporating no-till practices and continuing to implement ways to conserve the resources of the land. The path to the award began in the 1980s when Brian’s dad Alan Johnson knew his fields were losing moisture
December 6, 2019
and he changed his practices to no-till farming. The first year for no-till practices in the Johnson family was 1986. Brian Johnson was 4. It was the last harvest for grandpa Glen. The spring of 1985 was a wet spring and by the time Alan tilled the ground and covered the ground again to put in seed, the dust was blowing. “It was 95 degrees and all I could think was that we were losing moisture,” he said. “I grew up with drought so I knew it could get bad. We ended up with a very poor stand.” After that year, “I believed there was a better way. I talked to Dwayne Beck who was in our Soil Conservation Service office in Redfield. I asked him, ‘Is this no-till going to work?’ I had to believe this was a better way. I traded equipment and the spring of 1986 was again wet. I was one of the first ones in the field as I didn’t have to till the ground first. My dad was still alive and he’d worked that ground with horses. He told a neigh Cattlemen’s Roundup
Cattlemen’s Roundup bor, ‘it’s a different way of doing things.’ And that’s all he had to say. We had a beautiful harvest that year.” Alan shared, “One neighbor watched what I was doing. In the fall he came over and said, ‘I’ve been watching you and your corn stayed green. Maybe you’ve got something there.’ And he switched to no-till that fall.” Alan said there were a lot of equipment challenges. You couldn’t go buy what you needed. You had to rig things up to get things to work the way you wanted them to work. He didn’t have a lot of money to spend. It took 20 years to get the point where you could buy the right tools. Now changes in genetics make this a whole different world. And it makes sense. A modest man, he said, “it would amaze my dad to see the yields we get. I never started no-tilling to win any awards. I did it to save moisture, and it has evolved. I give credit to my son and his wife. I started the no-till process, but Brian and Jamie took the ball and ran with it.”
As Alan nears retirement, Brian and Jamie have taken over more management. The family goal is to be more efficient without purchasing more acres by adding value through livestock integration. The farm includes 1,800 acres of cropland and 500 acres of grassland in Spink County. The Johnson family raise 100 head of registered and commercial Angus cattle. On the crop side, they rotate crops including corn, soybean, small grains and cover crops. The Johnsons work closely with District Conservationist Shane Jordan of the Spink County Natural Resources Conservation Service. Brian said, “We couldn’t do this without their team of experts. They are what makes us successful.” They put one of the marginal pieces of the Johnson land in a Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) contract. The soil became saline and through planting grasses, it is not an issue anymore. The perennial cover used on these CRP acres, tall wheatgrass, alfalfa, and other salt-tolerant plants, manages the water and the
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Cattlemen’s Roundup salts. The fix wasn’t immediate, but by the third growing season, the area was on its way to healthier soil conditions. It’s also great for wildlife. The water table will always be high in that area and so when it comes out of the contract in a few years, it will stay grass. Brian said, “We’ll run the cows through it every 2 to 3 years. Water used to come across the road, and now it goes into a natural waterway. It’s much better than putting in $200/acre inputs and not getting anything. That’s the best use for that land.”
an’s winning yield was 81.33 bu/acre with accumulated moisture from Jan-Aug 2016 measured at 11.93.”
Jamie embraces soil health practices and speaks out about the challenges. Jamie said, “I think what we have done historically to native grasslands is more impactful on the future than anything in the past. Tearing up pastures to plant corn has created problems with the natural use of the land, resulting in saline issues that must be addressed, not just for our kids but for the multitude of generations to come. I hope we do enough to make a difference and become a positive example for others.” These land use challenges have reinforced Jamie’s beliefs and have helped shape future management plans for marginal acres.
The Johnson children include Ella, 13; Lila, 11; Leo, 9, and Evelyn, 3. The kids eagerly learn from their parents. The parents look for “teachable moments” on the farm, always taking the time to explain to their kids why they follow these practices. A favorite family activity challenges the kids: “Who can find the biggest radish?” The winner pulled out a 2-foot long root that was planted in early August. The roots burrow at least 6 feet into the ground and get rid of compaction. The Johnson kids are included in the farmwork, from feeding animals to helping put up hay to fixing fence. And there was a lot of fence to fix this year.
The impact of the conservation practices showed in 2016 when Brian won the Group 0 No-till soybean yield contest for the South Dakota Soybean Association. Bri-
Daughters Ella and Lila took what they learned and prepared a 4-H talk on the benefits of grazing cover crops for Rangeland Days.
Brian and Jamie know that tapping green cover crops for grazing is a goldmine for livestock. Savings on the cattle side of operation are significant with the use of cover crops and crop residue. Cover crops cost around $15/acre to plant; the cattle graze cover crops for about one month in late fall and cornstalks for another month. Brian figures they save over $10,000 each year by their cattle grazing this way until Christmas.
Those on the tour of the Johnson family walk through pastures, noting the different native grasses. Photo by Connie Sieh Groop
December 6, 2019
December 6, 2019
Cattlemen’s Roundup In their presentation “Integrating Cattle on Crop Land,” the girls shared, “Our cows graze cover crops after corn harvest which saves money. During the winter, our family grinds hay and puts it on the ground for the cows in the fields close to the house. Using four bales a day, that’s $200. Each day we feed the animals, we move to a different place. Can you imagine eating off the same plate every day? This is a clean area for them. And by feeding in a different spot, it spreads the manure around the field. Doing it this way saves our time and energy. Cows provide fertilizer which is natural and inexpensive and mixes with the leftover feed on the fields.”
Brian Johnson describing improvements made to marginal land to those on the tour this summer. Photo by Connie Sieh Groop
Managing water on crop ground is one thing. Reacting to excess water in the pastureland near the creek was another. Brian said this spring, the water level came up 6 to 8 feet along their creek. “It’s been a full-time job to move fences away from the water. The water has been a blessing and a curse this year. Just before the tour, the creeks came up again, meaning the fences had to move.”
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Even on the tour, the county road just south of the house had six feet of water flowing over the road with a strong current. It’s created an issue of timing for when and how to move the cattle to different pastures. Brian said, “We are blessed to live in a great community with people willing to share ideas. We learn from our failures so it is not a failure if I learn from it. We are grateful for what we have, and we know we still have more changes to make. We want to add 50 to 70 more head of cattle. Once the CRP ground comes out of contract, we think the ground will produce a great hay crop. Our goal is to see cows grazing in that area.” Jim Faulstich, chairman of the SD Grasslands Coalition, noted that 24 groups/people sponsor the award which honors the Johnson family and the work they all do. “It’s wonderful to see multiple generations involved, willing to take these practices into the future. It’s a common theme for those who receive the Leopold award as they dedicate themselves to the land and to the future generations. I’m not sure we put enough emphasis on it.” Faulstich said the Johnsons are very deserving of the award. The soil health practices fit well with their operation. “What they are doing on the land, is not unique to farm ground. Some see soil health as a cropland issue. But soil health management is part of the whole ag system in South Dakota.” “As time goes on, it becomes more obvious to me that all the soil health effects, from controlling flooding Cattlemen’s Roundup
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from runoff, to water quality, to increased wildlife habitat are positive. Gov. Kristi Noem made it clear that pheasants are important to the economy. It gets back to what’s happening on the landscape. The Johnsons took marginal land out of production. That action improved the wildlife habitat and the resulting water control reduced flooding. The big picture is that this holistic approach benefits every person in South Dakota. It’s huge. People recognize that the way people manage their land through holistic and regenerative practices, makes it more profitable. It should inspire others to follow some of these practices.” He said, “Winning the award seems to make the past nine winners strive to do more. It’s almost like throwing gas on their operation. It raises the level of those who won. That’s shown by the partnership coalitions that have developed with 24 groups/people stepping up to fund the award and support these efforts.” Lee Kopriva and his folks Jim and Karen won the Leopold Award in 2012. The award money presented to the Kopriva family follows that idea as it went into fixing a dam that needed a lot of work. “We re-shaped the dam and riprapped the sides so the ice doesn’t tear it out each year.”
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Kopriva knows Brian and Jamie through young farmer/ rancher groups. Since the Koprivas don’t do a lot of farming, Kopriva consulted Brian on using cover crops and variable rates. “Brian has won a lot of yield contests so it was great to see his fields and hear him describe his practices.” He also said, “It’s neat to have their kids so involved and know that the next generation is excited about these conservation practices.” Lyle Perman with the SD Cattlemen encouraged people to come to the Johnson operation and learn from them. The family will share what has worked and what hasn’t. Three generations are a testament to the commitment of the family. And that’s important, because unless they pass those practices on, it’s lost. “When someone drives up your driveway, you have one chance for a first impression. The landscape of the farm is a portrait of who these people are. The Johnsons have done it right. Regenerative ag exists with the families who have healthy lands. It’s an honor that they’re part of the fraternity.” Johnson Farms will be presented with the $10,000 award and a crystal depicting Aldo Leopold at the SD Cattlemen’s Association’s Annual Convention in December. Cattlemen’s Roundup
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December 6, 2019
Operations making adjustments to ride out financial uncertainty Larger than normal feed inventory needs to go through livestock By Connie Sieh Groop Special to the Farm Forum
“For cattle feeders, profitability has been down the last 2 to 3 years. It’s been hard to make money in the cattle feeding business lately. We’ve seen feeders back down on numbers to reduce exposure. Some have given up and are shifting away from cattle feeding.” In a phone interview, Nate Franzen, President Ag Banking Division at First Dakota National Bank, shared some of his thoughts on the current financial issues for production agriculture. He said others are positioning themselves to wait it out and are confident as the cycle goes, they will make some of those profits back. Of course, the weather continues to be a problem across the area, with performance of animals not as good as they’d like. Issues with conception rates and calf health as well as late weaning will all factor into decisions. The larger than normal feed inventory, caused by prevent plant cover crops and heavy moisture this year, needs to go through livestock to convert to cash. Supply and demand globally show low supplies of protein. African Swine Fever has hit Asia in a big
December 6, 2019
way, impacting the supply of protein. “If we can open up trade, and reach some of those agreements, there are potential opportunities for U.S. price improvements. We will have to see how that plays out,” he said. “There is a lot of feed inventory which I think will keep demand up for cattle,” Franzen said. “If that happens, you can expect that prices will stay higher than many people think. A lot can happen quickly, so it’s hard to predict the market.” A lot of areas continue to struggle with flooding and unfavorable wet conditions. As the temperatures turn and we get a good frost line, the standing water and the ground will firm up and create some opportunities to get the feed out of fields. Roads and bridges are a challenge with many having to find alternative routes and work harder to get feed home. Mother Nature threw out a lot of challenges. This year it’s trickier than it has been. The financial situation for producers is all over the board. Franzen said there is a great deal of concern with the growing strain and stress on some in ag production. “For some, this is the fourth year of challenging cash flow and profitability. There is a wide range of break evens from one operation to the next. It depends on land costs, debt levels, interest rates, among other things. Some are doing a great job, staying efficient. They are in a good position to cash-flow in these environ-
ments. Bankruptcies are up a little, but not out of control like in the 1980s. There is no doubt there is stress with some operations, which is concerning. We try to work with producers to make adjustments in their operation before it gets to that point where they have to declare bankruptcy.” But he noted, “I’m really impressed with the next generation. They are very creative and tech-savvy. They are finding efficiencies so they can improve their operation. They are young, strong and healthy. Many are taking on custom work or other “gigs” to provide additional income to their operation.” From a banking standpoint, the interest rate environment continues to be low, with the federal reserve recently lowering rates again. Borrowing is as cheap as it has been in a long time if you are creditworthy and need to borrow. Franzen said, “Our ‘Keep Farmers Farming’ program works through strategic planning and goal setting to help address the challenges and to make some positive adjustments to be financially viable. Those involved in these processes are finding positive options. Today’s farmer and rancher must understand the value of having an advisory team including those with a background in finance, veterinarian medicine, marketing, and so many other areas to stay up on the changes in the world. The team includes those they can trust. It’s easy to be negative and Cattlemen’s Roundup
March 16, 2020 at Baxter Angus Farm
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That mentality is really important in times like this.” Some compare what’s happening to the financial stresses of the 1980s but there are two big differences: interest rates and land values.
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Interest rates are low while in the 1980s some producers were paying 18 to 20 percent. Land values, while they have softened, are still relatively strong, Franzen said. It’s a good thing, as producers have options. “If land values would drop significantly, we would see a lot more stress and strain as it would impact their core equity and borrowing options. Some may have to sell a piece of land to get back into a positive cash flow position. As long as land values stay up, producers have more options.”
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December 6, 2019
“For those who are struggling, we try to remind people of the Avera Farm and Rural Stress Hotline (1-800-691-4336) and the many resources available. Most producers are very independent and should not be embarrassed to get help. It’s a sign of strength to seek help. At the bank, I have an advisory group. I rely on people every day, and the experience of others to help me make decisions. For those who are struggling, reach out for help for yourself, your spouse, your family. It’s not a sign of weakness. Being independent is a strength, but it shouldn’t get in the way of seeking help to improve your future. As an industry, we need to embrace the opportunity to take the help offered.” Cattlemen’s Roundup
Montanholi new NDSU Extension beef cattle specialist Yuri Montanholi has joined North Dakota State University Extension as the beef cattle specialist.
training make him uniquely qualified for the position and we look forward to the opportunity he has to serve the beef cattle industry in North Dakota.”
He is native of Brazil and has dual Canadian citizenship.
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“I feel honored to join a community where the beef industry means a lot and with a long history of Extension assisting producers and tailoring research,” he says.
He has a dual appointment at NDSU in Extension and research. In his Extension role, his responsibilities include developing statewide beef cattle Extension programming materials, conducting meetings and offering in-service training for beef cattle producers, county Extension personnel and other professionals involved in the beef industry. The Extension activities will assist Montanholi in focusing his applied research program to meet the needs of the North Dakota beef industry. Montanholi’s research and Extension programs have focused on improving the efficiency of feed utilization, evaluating metabolic rates from the whole animal to cellular levels, evaluating the relationships between feed efficiency and carcass composition, assessing the biological associations between feed efficiency and sexual maturity, optimizing sensing methodologies for assessing productive performance on-farm and in processing plants, and evaluating biomarkers for health and welfare. At NDSU, Montanholi plans to expand his activities through an interconnected research and Extension program to assist beef producers in increasing their efficiency while safeguarding the environment and contributing to the strength of the state’s communities. “We are excited to have Yuri step into the role of Extension beef cattle specialist,” says Greg Lardy, interim Extension director. “His international experience and Cattlemen’s Roundup
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Montanholi received a doctor of veterinary medicine degree from Santa Catarina State University in Brazil, a master of science degree from Rio Grande do Sul Federal University in Brazil and a Ph.D. from the University of Guelph in Canada. He continued in post-doctoral and research associate positions at the University of Guelph before accepting faculty positions at Dalhousie University in Canada and Harper Adams University in the United Kingdom. He also holds an adjunct professor position at the University of the Uruguay Republic.
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December 6, 2019
Marketing services connect buyers with sellers
By Connie Sieh Groop Special to the Farm Forum
At the Ellingson Ranch at St. Anthony, ND, a rancher who places cattle for his bull customers said timing is off in many ways this year. Chad Ellingson said with 10 inches of rain in just the month of September, things are beyond sloppy. In October, they got 18 inches of snow, followed by 5 inches of rain. Cattle lots are a mess. When they chopped corn, they pulled every truck from the field to the road which is very uncommon.
Chad Ellingson working with bred heifers. Courtesy Photo
With those conditions multiplied across the state, timing is off on placement of feeder cattle this fall. Customers pushed shipping dates back a couple of weeks, as conditions are far from normal. It’s the same at both ends of the spectrum. “It’s not only on the rancher’s end, trying to get the animals out of pastures and getting trucks in to haul. It’s a struggle on the other end as a number of feedlots are putting up with the same conditions. Many don’t have corn harvested, feedlots are in poor condition, and they are not ready to receive animals as early as in the past. Many haven’t purchased calves and don’t have a hoof received.” Understanding the impact these conditions have on their customers, normal fall marketing meeting with their bull customers switched to small tours. He shared, “We planned a meeting this fall but it turned out to be a really nice day for people to finally get some outdoor work done. We scaled it back, knowing the guys needed to attend to their fall work.” The Ellingsons work closely with bull customers and place quite a few of their customer’s cattle in feedlots. Chad works directly with some feedlots as representa-
December 6, 2019
tive to bid on cattle sold off the ranch or through sale barns. The connection means the Ellingsons work closely with bull customers after the sale. “Those bulls go out and make a profit for the new owner, so we want to make sure they stand up and have longevity in the herd plus sire calves which get a premium when marketed.” “We keep in close contact throughout the year and talk to them through the summer,” Chad said. “We believe in helping them with their marketing plans for their calves and replacement heifers. We market a number of calves off the ranch, plus go to the sale barn to bid on calves to help them garner more revenue. We can’t always get their cattle placed, but we want to enhance the prices they receive. Foremost, we believe purchasing animals with our genetics provides a better calf crop in the first place with more calf weight and better replacement females.” Help with marketing began with the first sale in 2009. It’s grown over the years as the Ellingsons cultivated more relationships with cattle feeders who want Ellingson Angus replacement genetics. The numbers grow as they market more bulls each year, resulting in more producer connections. Cattlemen’s Roundup
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Cattlemen’s Roundup “One producer, Sal Roseland, has replacement heifers that were specifically marketed to Texas a couple of times, and this past year, we marketed them to Kansas.” Last summer’s meetings impressed Roseland and he appreciates the connections. “It’s a direct way to market to feedlots and it works. Bringing people together is important,” Roseland said. “I am very impressed with Ellingson Angus. Last year, they invited their cow-calf commercial customers to their ranch and also brought the feedlot guys for a meeting. Many do business over the phone. This was a way for the people to see each other face to face and connect.” The meetings they’ve had in the past are a great opportunity to get the cattle feeder together with customers. By connecting this way, they can put a face with the ranch. Chad said, “When I call with feeder calves from a certain ranch, if they were at our marketing meeting, they will remember they shook hands with those producers. This builds integrity and they trust the set of calves delivered to them.”
About the ranch Ellingson Angus was founded in 1995, when Julie Schaff and Chad Ellingson married and merged their registered Angus herds. They market powerful Angus bulls and top-notch open and bred females, including a handful of elite donor cows. Julie and Chad are the proud parents of five children: Stetson, 21; Jameson, 20; Sierra, 18; Medora, 14; and Sheridan, 11. Stetson joined the operation this year after graduating from college and Jameson is a full time employee while juggling college courses. Julie grew up on the registered Angus ranch near St. Anthony, N.D., where Ellingsons today call home. Her paternal grandparents, Paul and Magdeline Schaff, began the family’s registered Angus program. They passed the tradition to Julie’s parents, Martin and Angie. Chad, the son of Lester, Jr., and Cheryll Ellingson, came from Maddock, N.D., where he raised mostly commercial cattle and other livestock. His maternal grandparents, Miles and Dot Maddock, were also registered Angus breeders.
The Ellingsons host feeder tours in different spots each year, spending a day or two driving to see bull customers. Feeders look at the cows on the calves in the pastures so they can see first-hand the animals they’ll be able to purchase in the fall. Chad said they are beginning to market feeder calves so it’s fairly busy on the road as they help ship those calves. While conditions may not be ideal, “It’s all about customer service.” Shipping bred heifers at the Ellingson Ranch at St. Anthony, ND. Courtesy Photos
December 6, 2019
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Grazing Exchange connects those
with cropland or forage to those with livestock
“This is the type of year specifically that we envisioned when creating the South Dakota Grazing Exchange,” said Sarah Scroggins, Communications Coordinator for the SD Soil Health Coalition. “Our main goal is to provide a connection point for those with land or forage, to improve soil through the integration of livestock on the land.” This Exchange connects livestock producers and those with available cropland or forage to graze by utilizing an interactive map while providing important resources. sdgrazingexchange.com The map overlay shows fields available for grazing as well as places where livestock producers are located who are willing to move animals to graze. Those who
are involved work out the details. These connections may include grazing of cover crops or cornstalks, native grasslands or pasture. The SD Soil Health Coalition believes integrating livestock onto cropland and proper grassland management are key steps in increasing overall soil health. Scroggins said there has been a steady increase in the use of the site as producers learn about the tool. Currently, there are 42 users on the site, with the program just released in May. The goal is for producers to find the right land for their herd or for landowners and operators to find the right herd to graze their land. “There are 16 to 20 active sites,” she said. “We can see that not all users are posting pins. The activity of those who signed up on the site are indicated by pins. Connections are being made with individuals now reporting back to the Coalition that the tool has been useful for them. ” Those using the site can indicate type of forage, season for grazing, as well as type of livestock and approximate distance (25, 50, 100 or over 100 miles) they are willing to move them There is also the option to upload a photo. Shawn Freeland who lives near Caputa created one connection and is already on the second one. “We are seeing an overall positive response,” Scoggins said. In addition, there are a number of resources listed Farm • Crop • Home • Auto • Business • Life • Health • Long Term Care • Annuities
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Cattlemen’s Roundup at the bottom of the page for forms, resources and other organizations. “We are a connecting point to additional links for general technical information and soil health.” The site will continue year around. Scoggins said they are making an effort to make people aware of the resource by reaching out to groups at conventions, conferences and soil health events. Reasons why Listed below are some reasons why integrating livestock back onto the land is beneficial as well as a few ways to accomplish this. Why do we want to return livestock to the landscape? • Fall or winter grazing converts high carbon annual
crop residue to low carbon organic material; balancing the carbon/nitrogen ratio and managing crop rotation residue for no-till seeding.
December 6, 2019
Cattlemen’s Roundup • Spring or summer grazing, annual and/or perenni-
al plants, with short exposure periods followed by long recovery periods; allows the plants to regrow and harvest additional sunlight and CO2. • Reduces nutrient export from our cropland and
hayland fields, recycling the majority of nutrients, minerals, vitamins, and carbon. • Aids in weed pressure management. • Grazing cover crops and/or crop residues allows
livestock to be taken off perennial grasslands earlier in the fall, extending the grass recovery period, and providing a higher nutrition diet for livestock. • Grazing reduces livestock waste associated with
confinement; helping manage our water quality and nutrient management concerns. Allowing cattle and sheep to be herbivores by securing their energy needs from plants.
How do we return livestock to the landscape? • Fall and Winter grazing of cover crops and annual
crop residues. • Summer grazing of full season cover crops, allow-
ing adequate plant recovery, followed by a second grazing during the fall or winter. • Winter feeding on hayland fields by rolling out
bales or bale grazing. • Seeding rotational perennials, grazing and manag-
ing them as part of the crop rotation.
December 6, 2019
See more at SD Soil Health Coalition. www.sdsoilhealthcoalition.org. Cattlemen’s Roundup
New veterinary diagnostic lab
serves to protect state’s $7.3 billion livestock industry against diseases the director for SDADRDL. “We’re figuring out the logistics and are eager to use the new facility so work can begin on remodeling the existing lab.”
By Connie Sieh Groop Special to the Farm Forum
A ribbon-cutting in September celebrated the new addition to the South Dakota Animal Disease Research & Diagnostic Laboratory at South Dakota State University in Brookings.
“The full-service, all-species veterinary diagnostic laboratory really is a dream come true,” Dr. Hennings said. “We started the process in 2014 to get legislative, university and agriculture group’s support. We appreciate all the support we received.”
The $58.6 million expansion and renovation provides more space to accommodate new technologies and provide improved services to the people of South Dakota. For now, the staff is biding their time in the old structure where repairs are desperately needed.
The laboratory serves as the front line of defense in protecting South Dakota’s $7.3 billion livestock industry against diseases and provides diagnostic information for the state’s wildlife and companion animals. The new lab allows for better worker safety, biosecurity and biocontainment.
“We will move into the new building by the end of November,” according to Dr. Jane Christopher-Hennings,
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Main addition, east side of ADRDL. Photo courtesy of Andy Stepp, The Clark Enersen Partners
The ADRDL has 11 areas of major functions: bacteriology, DNA sequencing and bioinformatics, clinical pathology/parasitology, serology, food safety microbiology, virology, histopathology, molecular diagnostics, extension/outreach, research and specialized research testing.
with a case coordinator. A covered garage bay will allow better conditions for unloading and, once they deliver the specimen, they can wash the vehicle. That will be a huge improvement for winter conditions. The specimen will go directly into the necropsy room which makes for improved biosecurity.
Physically getting to the lab will be much better for producers, veterinarians and other clients Christopher-Hennings said. When coming from the north of Brookings off U.S. Hwy. 14 bypass, those visiting the lab will take a left-hand turn off Medary Avenue and have a straight shot at getting to the building. With the drive-up window, they can drop samples off. There is also a conference room in case people want to meet
On staff are about 60 people including veterinary pathologists and diagnosticians, research faculty, microbiologists, lab technicians and undergraduate and graduate students.Many samples arrive at the lab through mail deliveries or veterinarians in the field and the animal consultants may recommend that producers bring samples to the lab.
ADRDL Laboratory space first floor. Photos courtesy of Andy Stepp, The Clark Enersen Partners
December 6, 2019
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December 6, 2019
Cattlemen’s Roundup Since the lab deals with a lot of potential zoonotic infections, the new facility with improved infrastructure is welcome.
ADRDL Histopathology lab space. Photo courtesy of Andy Stepp, The Clark Enersen Partners
Christopher-Hennings said, “The process starts with a local veterinarian doing a field investigation or necropsy. If they find something unusual, they may call ahead and consult with a veterinary pathologist. Sometimes the situation involves a more thorough field investigation with other diagnosticians and extension specialists at the lab.” She said the local veterinarians routinely see the animals on the farm, so they do the initial work. They know the normal conditions when dealing with a disease and may identify potential sources. The local veterinarians have expertise in dealing with that production system and will know what biosecurity conditions are on that farm.
Most cases from cattle, swine One pathologist per day coordinates the tissue cases that arrive at the SD ADRDL. Most samples are from cattle and swine, making up about 90 percent of the case load. A lot of antemortem work involves molecular and/or serology (antibody) testing of livestock before they are exported out of the US or between farms or states. There is a need to get that information back to the exporters and owners quickly. The staff are cross-trained in their areas so they can work on all types of animals, from pets to livestock to zoo animals.
December 6, 2019
Christopher-Hennings said the lab has a separate room with a Bio Security Level 3 (BSL3) to deal with cases with a high risk of spreading disease such as avian influenza which swept the country a few years ago. It is much like a quarantine room in the hospital. If a case presents with symptoms of a foreign animal disease such as foot-and-mouth disease or African Swine Fever (ASF), protocols are in place to contain exposure and perform the testing quickly.
In the US, the SD ADRDL is performing active surveillance to prevent the spread of ASF. Many precautions are in place such as in airports, including providing for more beagles to detect meat coming in from other countries If the disease shows up, the SDADARL can help detect it early to keep it from spreading. “We plan to be vigilant in watching for diseases like ASF. It if spreads, it will be hard on a lot of animals and people.” SDADARL is part of the USDA National Animal Health Laboratory Network, which helps detect significant animal diseases and keep commerce flowing if an outbreak occurs. It is the only one in South Dakota that has that designation. Once the old lab is renovated, it will allow more research and development which means they will potentially hire more grad students. This research can develop tests and develop other economic opportunities for biologics such as probiotics and nutraceuticals. The additional space also helps researchers work with private companies to develop new vaccines and testing. Christopher-Hennings said, “Our main goal is to serve the producers, farmers, veterinarians, public health and wildlife officials and the general public in keeping animals and people healthy.” Connie Sieh Groop is a freelance ag writer who lives at Frederick, SD. She and her husband grow corn and soybeans. If you have story ideas, contact her at email@example.com Cattlemen’s Roundup
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605 Sires expands to handle demand for reproductive services
605 Sires Semen Collection Center. Courtesy Photo By Connie Sieh Groop Special to the Farm Forum
As demand for improved cattle genetics grows, Cory and Melissa Schrag saw the need for a facility near their farm at Marion, SD. The Schrags opened 605 Sires in 2017. 605 Sires is now a full-service semen collection center that collects, freezes and stores semen for herd sires and has now expanded to donor boarding, IVF collections, ET flushing and embryo transfers. Thus the revamped name to 605 Sires + Donors. “We are unique in that we are completely family owned. My wife Melissa and I are the owners and managers. We work here every day with deep roots in the cattle business. We have a long standing in the industry owning Schrag Shorthorn Farms and have been part of every facet of the collection business. We also have a dedicated staff at 605 Sires + Donors. Our office manager has a passion for this business and her attention to detail is second to none and the collection managers out back have proven over and over that they are some of the best in the business,” Cory said. Recently, the Schrags revamped their farm name to Schrag 605 to coincide with the original bull stud business called 605 Sires and to include adding Maine Anjou cattle to the century farm. The Schrags and their children Samantha and Jaxon have made their operation into a highly successful one. Schrag 605 is now a fifth generation Shorthorn operation with Sammi and Jaxon. You are sure to find Schrag 605 and now 605 Sires + Donors around many of the region, state and
December 6, 2019
national livestock events not only supporting junior members but also showing and competing themselves. “One of the most rewarding parts of this business has been the ability to give back to the juniors at countless shows and events in the form of banners or cash awards. We believe the value in supporting agriculture for our youth is priceless,” said Schrag. Currently, 605 Sires + Donors is completing work on their third addition, giving them capacity to house 90 bulls to accommodate their increasing business demand. And this expansion includes a CSS facility to export goods internationally. The business started out as seasonal with spring as busy time for young yearlings to come in but has quickly grown considerably larger. They draw customers from Minnesota, Missouri, Oklahoma, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Colorado, Nebraska
605 Sires semen straws. Courtesy Photo Cattlemen’s Roundup
December 6, 2019
Cattlemen’s Roundup as well as South Dakota and North Dakota. Cory stated that “We have been very humbled by the renowned breeders across the country that have trusted us with their valuable genetics. Owner Cory Schrag said, “We worked closely with John Weston, Weston Consulting, to establish a business that is second to none in service, quality and integrity. John is well regarded in the business. He worked with us the first three months we were open and stops at our location several times a year. He’s also available for phone consultations if we have questions.” What sets them apart? “First we offer a multiple of services from comprehensive ET work, sire Melissa, Sammi, Jaxon and Cory Schrag . collection both domestic and international, we Courtesy Photo are a Sullivan Supply dealer and a VitaFerm dealaer too. Plus we have recently become a However, Bulls are not all that roam dealer for Umbarger Show feeds and have developed an 605 Sires + Donors! “Many breeders have elite females elite sire ration to ensure that only the best is available from which they can market valuable genetics and for our customers,” Cory said. The latest in technology offspring and therefore we thought an ET center was in the advancement of both sire and donor collection a natural fit. We were excited to partner with Trans is also a priority. 605 Sires + Donors has a brand new, Ova Genetics on this one of a kind adventure. The state-of-the-art lab, featuring the CASA system (Combull stud/ ET center concept is certainly unique and puter Assisted Semen Analysis) which insures valuable provides many options to both bull and donor customgenetics are handled with the utmost care and quality ers that otherwise would not be possible. Trans Ova control. “This takes the guesswork out of the sample technicians do IVF collections and embryo transplants and pinpoints the morphology (semen quality) and mo- onsite. The increased requests for IVF, ET and sexed tility (ability to move). This has proven to be invaluable semen have been huge. The ability to be able to breed to monitor progress. “ Cory said. to get the gender you want is what people are looking The boarding barn and collection area are designed to fo- for. Producers want to propagate females out of their best cow families. This multiplies their success,” stated cus on the sires’ comfort and safety. The drive-thru loadCory. The billing and scheduling is done through 605 out alley provides quick and easy loading/unloading. Sires + Donors and Trans Ova provides the service. The “It’s one of the conveniences that our customers have donors are housed on grass in a pasture setting and we come to count on. We all know farming and ranching have many features to both the bull and donor side to is a demanding job, so a lot of times the wives or kids ensure a low stress environment. bring the bulls and donors and the drive thru eases If you have questions about semen or embryo collection some stress,” stated by Schrag. or would like to learn more about how you could imBut that is not the only thing that sets them apart… plement either processes into your operation, we invite 605 Sires’ customers can view the progress online and you to contact 605 Sires + Donors. Cory said, “With check the inventory on their animals. “ The revolua lifetime of industry experience, 605 Sires + Donors tionary semen inventory database, Your605, provides is committed to earning your business and trust. We the opportunity to completely track inventory and sire continually strive to provide great customer service, progress 24/7 simply by logging into your account.” honest dealings and superior services in the industry. Cory said. 605 Sires + Donors was designed from the We pride ourselves in our continual effort to grow with ground up with the customer in mind and this comthe market and move the livestock industry forward.” puter online tracking system is just one of the many convenient features to 605 Sires + Donors.
December 6, 2019
#collectingyourfuture Cattlemen’s Roundup
Small changes can have huge impacts for cattle producers By Ann Vanneman SD Secretary of Agriculture
As one of our top two agriculture products in the state, South Dakota beef producers are an integral piece of our state’s economy. According to the 2017 Census of Agriculture, we saw an increase of over one million cattle and calves since 2012. And, I would argue, South Dakota cattle producers are raising some of the best beef in the world.
Many South Dakotans are blessed to have a long history connected to agriculture. My family and I are no different. Together, we own and operate Vanneman Farms, north of Winner. Our century farm includes row crops, a commercial beef cow herd, and most recently, a feedlot. When I became Secretary of the South Dakota Department of Agriculture in January, I was able to bring my producer perspective, my experience serving in the legislature,
and my knowledge from several roles within the Farm Credit System to the department. One of my priorities as the Secretary of the Department of Agriculture is to grow opportunities for South Dakota producers. That includes promoting producers locally, as well as internationally, by enhancing existing relationships and creating new ones.
December 6, 2019
Cattlemen’s Roundup The international community recognizes the quality of livestock raised and grains grown in the United States. In late September, we hosted a small group from the Taiwan Agricultural Trade Goodwill Mission who spent time in a few states during their visit. Members of the group spoke, throughout their visit, about our high-quality products and raved over the locally raised steak they enjoyed while in South Dakota. During that visit, the group signed several Letters of Intent to purchase $960 million of US beef and $2.7 billion US grains during 2020-2021. My staff and I are also actively pursuing other trade opportunities with countries in South East Asia and North Africa. I believe, by cultivating these international relationships, we can create trade opportunities that have the ability to transcend economic challenges and trade barriers. It’s imperative to build and maintain relationships like these in order to make South Dakota, and the high-quality products we grow and raise, more visible in the international arena. I also believe we have tremendous opportunities right here in South Dakota. Our son, Justin, recently took over some of our operation and, in doing so, wanted to make some changes. Even as a young boy, he had always had a passion for cattle. During his college years, his interest in cattle grew. And, by the time we started talking about him transitioning to the farm, he knew that beef cattle would be a large part of his operation. As of this spring, Vanneman Farms had crossed over from raising hogs to feeding cattle. We now have approximately 600 head, including a couple hundred freshly weaned calves, and have the capacity for about 950 head. This was a big change and didn’t come without its costs. However, the use of new software in the feedlot has helped Justin and Clint rein in some of our overhead costs. For example, gathering and analyzing this data has helped Justin feed our cattle the exact proportion of feed for their weight. By incorporating this one piece of technology, we are seeing daily feed savings, which is no small matter with the close margins we are seeing in the industry today. Technology alone, though, isn’t enough to make up for the challenges South Dakota cattlemen are experiencing. We need to explore other opportunities as well.
December 6, 2019
I have been especially excited about the increasing number of South Dakota schools who are integrating local beef into their school lunch programs. Getting local beef on the menu in our schools is a win for producers, communities, schools, and most important, our kids. Not only does this provide an additional market for producers, it can also provide business for local processing facilities. It is crucial, in my mind, to provide a connection between local agriculture and children. Many times, however, regulations make that integration difficult and more expensive for school districts. I am hopeful that the Farm and Ranch to School Act, introduced by Representative Dusty Johnson (R-S.D.) will pass. This act would amend the National School Lunch Act, Farm to School Program, to include funding to make local livestock procurement a priority for school lunch programs. This may seem small, but many small changes will produce large results. Take the Wall School District for example. They need twelve cows per school year to feed their kids, K-12. Imagine the impact we could have, both on local economies and the lives of our school children, if we could integrate local beef into every school in South Dakota. Another bill we are watching and hoping will pass is the New Markets for State-Inspected Meat and Poultry Act co-sponsored by Senators Mike Rounds (R-S.D.) and Angus King (I-Maine). This bill would allow meat and poultry inspected by state meat and poultry inspection programs, like the meat inspection program run by the South Dakota Animal Industry Board, to be sold across state lines. Currently, if producers intend to sell outside the state, they must have their cattle processed at a facility that is inspected by an inspector with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). This is, despite the fact that our South Dakota program has been determined by the USDA as equal to the USDA’s own inspection program. Today, there are only two USDA-inspected facilities processing beef within the state of South Dakota. This legislation would be a huge win for beef producers and local meat processing facilities in the state. I believe working together toward many small changes will have a huge impact for producers in South Dakota. As the Secretary of Agriculture for South Dakota, I am committed to working for all South Dakotans to help promote, protect, and preserve agriculture in our state for today and tomorrow. Cattlemen’s Roundup
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December 6, 2019
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Iron Ranch Mfg. was established in 2012 in Watertown, SD, and developed a line of products which allow customers to work smarter, not harder. “I have engineered my products so a single person can set them up faster, easier, and more safely,” owner Charlie Raml said. “This is important because most cattlemen would agree they don’t have time to waste during calving season, especially during the cold winter months. I’ve taken my experience growing up on a cattle farm, my education in welding and manufacturing engineering, and the concern of local cattlemen to
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December 6, 2019
design and manufacture products meant for ease of use. I proudly engineer every product I sell.” Charlie spent the first 24 years of his life on a grain and livestock operation where he was the youngest of two boys, which meant he did all the odd jobs; opening the gates, filling the water tanks, spreading the straw, checking calves, etc.
“During calving season, it was my job to crawl in the shelters to check the calves and spread the straw around,” he said. “As spring came around, this job got worse as I had to crawl on my hands and knees through the mud and manure to make sure the calves were staying healthy. As a kid, I didn’t question this process, because that’s what everyone did; we all had a similar design of shelters.” While working on the farm and at a local manufacturing business, Charlie grew a passion for designing and building things that made everyday life easier. “I left the farm to attend college in 2004 and as time passed, I watched the chores get increasingly difficult for my dad as he aged,” Charlie explained. “My dad really is my main inspiration. He talked to me a lot about using my skills and education to find a way to make Cattlemen’s Roundup
Cattlemen’s Roundup cattle products more user-friendly. With his help and suggestions, we identified several problems with the shelters on the market at the time: they were hard to get into, hard to bed, often too dark, difficult to move, and didn’t have good ventilation. I went to work designing a shelter to fix these concerns.” In 2015, Charlie started his calf shelter design which includes a walk-thru door, swinging gate, lifting bar, air vents, and sky lights. “When I was designing this shelter, there didn’t appear to be another product on the market that had these elements. In early 2017, I started advertising my new design and sold my first production shelter in February 2017. I spent time researching design options, even contacting several veterinarians and a local collegiate animal science department to discuss the difference in front entry vs. end entry for calves.
Based on my research, my current design, which is patent-pending, includes: • A front entry design that allows airflow to distribute more evenly inside the shelter, which keeps a more even temperature throughout. • A walk-thru door provides easy access to check or treat calves, and spread straw. • The swinging gate will close for catching calves, or keeping them out come spring. • The lifting bar makes it easy to pick up and relocate with a bucket from either side. • The shelter is ventilated to allow air flow which helps keep it dry, helping to prevent bacteria from growing. • Skylights help light up the shelter to keep it warm and dry.”
December 6, 2019
These shelters are being delivered to South Dakota and neighboring states. “To legally transport them, I’ve designed them 8.5’ wide and in 12’, 24’, or 32’ lengths, all which will fit on a gooseneck or semi-trailer. I have also designed custom sized shelters based on the customer’s needs, including one for a goat operation, and another as a chicken coop. The 24’ shelter is the most popular size and they weigh about 1,900 lbs.” Charlie said, “My main goal in this business is to provide a quality product that will last for years to come. I value the opinion of my customers, and have even designed new products based on their feedback. I plan to build a legacy of products that fill a need and deliver excellence.”
To learn more, check out Iron Ranch Mfg. on Facebook, call (605)520-0021 or email email@example.com
December 6, 2019
Feeding Light Test Weight Corn in Growing and Finishing Diets Erin Laborie, Nebraska Extension Educator
Cattle feeders that grow their own corn have the opportunity to market light test weight corn through their cattle without sacrificing cattle performance. Photo credit Troy Walz. The number of growing degree days remaining for the season will influence the amount of light test weight corn harvested this fall. The current standard test weight for corn is 56 pounds per bushel. When corn test weight is below the standard, it is often discounted in price, suggesting the feeding value is lower. However, research has shown that the feeding value of light test weight corn is often similar to normal test weight corn when included in various cattle diets.
SCHMIG SIMMENTAL RANCH 37TH ANNUAL PRODUCTION SALE
THURSDAY, MARCH 12, 2020 1:00 PM AT THE RANCH LUNCH SERVED AT 11:30
SELLING 30 POLLED PUREBRED SIMMENTAL YEARLING BULLS
A two-year study conducted by the University of Nebraska-Lincoln evaluated feeding light test weight corn during the growing and subsequent finishing phase. Dry rolled corn was included at 37% of the growing diet and 86.2% of the finishing diet (dry matter basis). Cattle fed light test weight corn (46.8 lb/bu) had similar gains and feed efficiency as cattle fed normal corn (56.2 lb/bu) during both the growing and finishing phases. Research at North Dakota State University has shown similar results when light test weight corn was harvested and fed as high-moisture corn to finishing steers. A metabolism study conducted by South Dakota State University showed that the net energy content of light test weight corn (40.8 lb/bu) was not inherently lower than normal corn (53.8 lb/bu) in steers fed finishing diets containing 77.7% whole corn.
Cattle feeders that grow their own corn have the opportunity to market light test weight corn through their cattle without sacrificing cattle performance. For cattle feeders purchasing corn, there may be opportunity to capitalize on the discounted price associated with light test weight corn. Cattlemen’s Roundup
• High Performance & Calving Ease Bulls • We can keep bulls free of charge until May 1st • Free Delivery up to 250 Miles
REFERENCE SIRES: SD-761875-1
Light test weight corn is generally lower in starch but higher in protein and fiber than normal corn. With the variability in corn growing conditions, analyzing the nutrient content of light test weight corn prior to feeding is important from both a cattle performance and financial standpoint.
(BLACKS AND REDS)
BBS True Justice CCR Cowboy Cut
SSR Black Gold 23D SSR Upgrade 23C
Dennis & Joanne Schmig 15559 473rd Ave. • Stockholm, SD 57264
email: firstname.lastname@example.org • PH: (605) 676-2320 • Cell: (605) 880-1893
Additional information can be found at www.schmigsimmentalranch.com A SPECIAL THANK YOU TO EVERYONE WHO PURCHASED CATTLE FROM US THIS PAST YEAR... December 6, 2019
Remote pastures see increase in use of
By Connie Sieh Groop Special to the Farm Forum
For those working in the sun every day, the use of solar energy increasingly interests those in agriculture. Because of that, Common Sense Manufacturing developed a separate division called Common Sense Solar at its Faulkton location. Wayne Vincent heads up the division. He said, “In the last 3 to 4 years, the demand for solar-powered pumps has expanded. People are eager to learn about new technology and how that can save them money and headaches.” “Kelly Melius and I work at a lot of farm shows,” Wayne said. “People will stop by, ask questions and then walk away. Many go home and do their research. Then they’ll call us up and tell us what they need. We’ll talk about options and design a system to fit their operation.” The most basic model is the PS 150 which checks most of the boxes for what people need. Wayne said, “If a producer needs more, then they can add another solar panel. He doesn’t have to buy more than he needs.”
December 6, 2019
Pump sizing depends on the amount of lift and how many miles the water needs to travel. The basic system can provide 4,000 gallons a day with 60 feet of lift. They sell a lot of those but there are a lot of options. Most operations look at 100 feet of lift with 16,000 gallons a day.
SOLAR WATERING UNITS
BOTTOMLESS FEED BUNKS
Quality That Just Makes Sense For A Dealer Nearest You Visit Our Website:
www.commonsensemfg.com 35791 160th St. • Faulkton, SD 57438
December 6, 2019
Cattlemen’s Roundup Producers find that by using solar-powered pumps for water tanks, it is more cost-effective to have one good well and pipe it to four tanks rather than drill four wells. “A big change is that we are not trenching the lines in 6 feet deep. About 85 to 90 percent of the time, they only use the lines in the summer. For many systems, we use a vibratory plow to go down about 28 inches. That’s been given the OK by the NRCS. It’s more cost-effective while burying the line deep enough that cattle traffic won’t disturb them.” In South Dakota, there is plenty of sun to power pumps. Wayne said, “If you are running electricity to a pump for a well, it can cost $25,000 a mile to install the overhead wiring for single phase. And then you pay utility costs. The pasture drops never pay their way. It rankles many that there is a charge of $50 to $60 a month when the pump isn’t being used. With solar, once you put the system in place, there are no usage fees.”
Merritt Aluminum Stock Trailer
Common Sense Solar also has a system for those using rotational grazing. They mount the solar panels on a 5’x8’ trailer. That way, the pump stays in the well and they move the panels and controls. When moving to the next pasture, the system is unhooked and pulled to the next site. It’s a one-man, one-kid job in the summer for those who rotate pastures. While most of the systems are for summer grazing, a few guys use the stations for winter systems with insulated tanks. Most have a backup generator because of the uncertainty of the weather.
South Dakota's only Authorized Dealer
December 6, 2019
East Hwy 12 • Aberdeen, SD
Call Toll Free 1-800-397-6200 Or 605-225-6200
The amount of drain tile going in the ground has doubled and tripled. “On the pumps for drain tile, guys tell us the peak flow and it’s worked well to set them up with a solar pump that fits their system.” If a producer needs two to three days of water storage, they may check out the bottomless stock tanks. Wayne said they’ve worked with NRCS to get approval for these. They are great for inclement weather. “Through experience, we’ve found it is more cost-effective to store water than to have an extensive battery system.” Cattlemen’s Roundup
Cattlemen’s Roundup Those who power their wells with windmills have found that adding solar pump jacks takes care of a lot of problems. There is no longer a need to climb the tower and to grease the mechanisms. When they go solar, it seems to solve a lot of problems. The solar panels are performance guaranteed. At the 10 year point, they are at 90 percent of rated capacity. At 20 years, it rates them at 80 percent which is less than 1 percent a year degradation. With the improvements being made, after 20 years, there will most likely be more efficient models you may want to consider. The Common Sense Solar system is a Lorentz Premier Sales Service Partner. Services include DC solar pumps, pipeline and storage tank design and installation. They also retrofit pump jacks to DC solar power and install all leading brands of waterers. Their backhoe and trenching services include well pits, excavation, and
the ability to vibra plow up to 28” and to trench to a 7’ depth. The ease of use for solar-powered pumps and tanks is especially attractive. “You turn on the system in the spring, routinely check the cattle every two or three days and turn it off in the fall and drain the tank. We recommend that users build an enclosure around the solar panel to keep the cattle from disturbing it. We set the panels at a 45-degree angle so snow slides right off of them. Every system has a power disconnect, much like a breaker at the electric panel in your house so they are completely safe.” Using the sun makes sense.
Contact Wayne at email@example.com Call 605-598-4157/office or 605-765-4441/cell
December 6, 2019
Research proposals seek funding on virtual fencing in the Black Hills By Connie Sieh Groop Special to the Farm Forum
It’s precisely targeting the best grasses at the best time for the best profit for cattle producers.
Virtual fencing for cattle is a topic of discussion but practical, useful systems are still on the wish-list of many tech-savvy ranchers.
Ehlert said technology and ease of use can result in more efficient cattle production through a virtual fence system. With the animals better utilizing pasture grasses, there will be improved profit margins plus potential benefits to the landscape and natural resources. Currently, two of the best known systems developed are Agersens in Australia and Nofence in Norway.
At the West River Research and Extension Center in Rapid City, grant proposals have been submitted detailing research for a system that will provide valuable assistance to those raising cattle. “We’d really like to study this technology but we’re waiting for money to fund our research,” Dr. Krista Ehlert, State Extension Range Specialist, said in a phone interview. “What we are looking at is precision agriculture for cattle producers. We are seeing a shift from older to younger people in the cattle industry as parents or grandparents are turning over operations to the millennials. This younger generation uses their phone every day to research the latest information, to interact on social media, to market their bull sales, and connect with other producers. We’re looking at incorporating useful ways to integrate their workload through the use of technology.”
The general set up of virtual fencing starts with a base station, which runs off Wi-Fi or cellular. Each cow wears a solar-charged collar, which is part of the Agersens product. With special software, the producer would draw out the fence outline on an iPad. The signal travels through the base station, to the collar and the cattle are contained in specified areas. On an iPad, the users can tell the system to open up the gate and move the animals to the next pasture. As a range specialist, Ehlert is intrigued by how the system can best utilize the grasses. An additional technological component Ehlert and her colleagues want to research is drone technology and aerial images. Most people either use season-long grazing practices or rotational grazing. With rotational grazing, some pastures can rest and animals can be moved to fresh grass with higher
Maybe someday fences like this will be replaced with precision technology called virtual fences. gettyimages
December 6, 2019
GELBVIEH & BALANCER 28 th Annual
OFFERING TO INCLUDE REGISTERED BULLS, HEIFERS, REDS AND BLACKS OUT OF THESE GREAT SIRES!
MARCH 2, 2020 at 1:00 PM
Magness Livestock • Huron, South Dakota
WHAT TO EXPECT FROM GENETICS FROM HOJER RANCH:
Maternal Excellence | Breed Leading Traits | Docile Disposition | More Pounds, More Profit Performance Tested | Ultrasound Data | Breeding Soundness Tested | Herd Health Program
Find us on SD-762147-1
firstname.lastname@example.org Cattlemen’s Roundup
Alan & Pam | Blake & Jenn 43968 208th Street, Lake Preston, SD 57249
Ranch: 605-860-1326 Blake cell: 605-860-0139
UNABLE TO ATTEND?
WATCH AND BID ON6,DVACTION December 2019 53
Cattlemen’s Roundup nutritional value. Information on the amount of warm versus cool season grasses could be collected with the drone, providing the producer with more knowledge on where to move his or her cattle with a system like the virtual fence. “It’s exciting from multiple standpoints,” Ehlert said. “From a work-life balance, the rancher can go on vacation, have a neighbor check water tanks and minerals. The ranchers can move their own cows. It has the potential to decrease wildlife collisions and remove landscape breaks due to fences. There are areas that don’t have fences where farmers wish to integrate livestock into their operation. Cattle can graze on cover crops or corn stalks after harvest. If this system could be used, the farmer wouldn’t have to go to the expense to string electric wire or put up fences.”
March 14,, 2020
PRODUCTION EPDs CED BW WW YW +0 +4.7 +82 +148
PRODUCTION EPDs CED BW WW YW +12 +.7 +68 +135
MATERNAL EPDs CEM MILK $EN +9 +23 -36
MATERNAL EPDs CEM MILK $EN +14 +19 -31
$ VALUES $F $G +139 +56
$ VALUES $F $G +118 +38
All of it is more expensive for average producers. Advances in technology in the row-crop areas result in many tasks becoming automated. Ranching hasn’t seen that same degree of automation but this is one way the livestock industry can embrace technology. $B +155
Outstanding Dually son out of a Rainmaker bred dam that will work on heifers or cows.
DL AUTOMATIC 1088 PRODUCTION EPDs CED BW WW YW +10 +.3 +89 +157
MATERNAL EPDs CEM MILK $EN +8 +25 -43
December 6, 2019
$ VALUES $F $G +121 +45
She explained, “This will also appeal to the general public who don’t understand ranching. The perception is these cows are confined in one area, which is not an accurate representation of the industry. With the virtual fence, there are multiple benefits: consumers could see the cows enjoying the beauty of the wide open spaces, cattle can be put on the freshest grass with the touch of a button, and producers will see gains in the their profit margins due to less time checking fences and increased utilization of their pastures in a manner that is conducive to natural resource management.”
Ehlert said that granting agencies appreciate knowing if producers are interested in having the West River Ag Center move forward with the research. This is a tool for the future but it costs money for labor, materials and technology. Ehlert encourages farmers and ranchers interested in seeing the technology developed and tested in South Dakota to contact her at Krista.Ehlert@sdstate.edu or call (605) 394-2236. “We look forward to bringing this precision ag into the livestock sector if research money comes our way,” Ehlert said. “We believe producers will be eager to adopt the technology, adapt their management decisions, and ultimately, see incredible positive impacts on their operations.” Cattlemen’s Roundup
SPRING SALES Preview
Private Treaty - Dec. VEDVEI CHAROLAIS
SELLING REGISTERED GELBVIEH, BALANCER, & ANGUS YEARLING BULLS BY PRIVATE TREATY
Watch for our consignments at the 2020 Black Hills Stock Show.
Fall & Yearling Bulls
Volek Ranch, 19920 339th Ave., Highmore, SD 57345
Dustin 871-3603 • Janice 870-3010 • Keith 870-1528 www.volekranch.com
KEPPEN CHAROLAIS EXPECT
1000 Head Sell • Dec. 14th, 1 PM Hub City Livestock Aberdeen, SD TOP CUT PROGRESSIVE FEMALES
CALVING EASE PLUS PEFORMANCE
S e e us in again 0 02 Dec . 2
PRIVATE TREATY BULL ANDFEMALESALES SD-760620-1
Steve, Myrna, Greg, & BJ • (605) 627-5229 • Cell: (605) 690-3218 405 Samara Ave., Volga, SD • keppenchar@valleyfi email@example.com bercom.net
Al: 605-847-4529 or 605-860-11355 www.vedveicharolais.com
Conception. Calving Ease. Carcass. Cows.
These elite bulls from ABS are the service sires to the bred heifers for sale.
Visit ulmerlandandcattle.com | Ross Ulmer Frederick, SD | 605.380.9317 | U2genetics@nrctv Hub City Livestock | Steve Hellwig 605.380. 3905
South Dakota Red Angus
www.SouthDakotaRedAngus.com Don’t Miss These SDRAA Events
Jan 21-22 Sioux Empire Livestock Show Feb 5-6 Black Hills Stock Show July 24-25 South Dakota Summer Spotlight Sept 3 South Dakota State Fair December 6, 2019
SPRING SALES Preview
January - February
Saturday, January 18, 2020 SD-737189-1
Kist Livestock, Mandan, ND • Sale: 1 p.m. CST
Rick & Amber Rohrich 2838 Hwy. 3 • Steele, ND 58482 701-391-1911 • firstname.lastname@example.org
46th Annual Bull Sale
January 24, 2020 • Dahlen, ND
Terry Elligson & Family 5056 125th Ave. NE Dahlen, ND 58224 Cell: 701-741-3045
email: email@example.com website: doublejsimmentals.com TO BE ADDED TO MAILING LIST...CALL, TEXT OR EMAIL
20TH ANNUAL EXPECT EXCELLENCE PERFORMANCE BULL & FEMALE SALE
Double J Farms Simmental Cattle Sat., Jan. 25, 2020 @ Noon Complete information, pictures & videos will be available at doublejsimmentals.com
February 7th, 2020 • 1:00PM CST Rugby Livestock Auction, Rugby, ND
December 6, 2019
Mark 701-331-3055 Travis & Corri Bell Joe 701-331-0344 12787 Cty Rd 19A firstname.lastname@example.org Fordville, ND 58231 6322 Highway 35Adams, ND 58210 701-360-1597•email@example.com SD-759366-1
Spring Sales Preview
Annual Black Angus Yearling Bull Sale
NEW SALE DATE
February 10, 2020 • 1pm
At the ranch, 3 miles south ½ east of Dante, SD
www.wilkinsonranchinc.com +%4* =,996- ,*- , 0,*9 %" <3% <- ,*-$ .%9 #4'9 <3,9 <- 2%+
F O R S T E R
'-661.! 8; =%/1.! &:5-,*:%62 >466'
LaVern – 605-491-1768 • Bud – 605-491-2102 Derek – 605-491-0244 • Joe – 605-491-3202 Dan 605-491-1331 www.koupalangus.com
Mark Cell (605) 203-0380 | Bill Cell (605) 203-0379 | Dan Cell (605) 203-0378
Monday, Feb. 10th 2020 ~ 12:30 CST
Bulls bred by leading AI sires and will be Zoetis 50K tested BULLS CAN BE SEEN AT THE FARM From DeSmet, SD - 8 miles west, 3 miles south on 425th Ave., 1/4 mile west on 211th St.
43rd Annual Sale
TRAXINGER SIMMENTAL Mark off Perf Performance
Genetic Opportunities TRAXINGER
ANNUAL PRODUCTION SALE SIMMENTAL
A N G U S
94-'2,5$ "->*4,*5 (($ &)&)
<17 ',6- >,*. : *1=3,*29%.$ .2
Performance Tested Breed Leading
Simmental Annual Bull Sale
February 15, 2020 // 1pm // At the Ranch // Kimball, SD 50 years of Raising Simmentals
Mark of Performance
605-778-6185 (H) 605-730-1511 (C)
NATHAN PALM ANGUS 8 Annual PRODUCTION SALE th
Sunday, February 16, 2020 • 1 PM GLACIAL LAKES LIVESTOCK, WATERTOWN, SD
• 20 COMING 2-YR-OLD VIRGIN BULLS • 20 FALL BULLS • 20 YEARLING BULLS
All bulls will be wintered Free until April 1st
18725 472 ND A VENUE , E STELLINE , SD 57234 C ELL : 605-690-2019 • EMAIL : PALMCATTLECO @ YAHOO . COM C ALL
Open House O February 15th at the farm
HillsviewHerefords.com Hillsview Farms
Raising Simmentals since 1970
w w w.e k s t r um s imme n t a l s . c o m
PRIVATE TREATY SALE
Over 55 Years Al’ing and Performance Testing Ekstrum Simmentals & SimGenetics 36220 257th St. Kimball, SD 57355 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Clay Ekstrum John Ekstrum
Mike and Terri Traxinger 11176 406th Ave., Houghton, SD 57449 605-885-6347 (h) Mike 605-294-7227 (c) www.traxinger.com • email@example.com
R E D SD-735850-1
FEB. 14, 2018 12, 2020
J OIN O UR M AILING L IST
Call or email for catalog
Darwin & Cindy Aman Eureka, SD
ng Ang s S nc 1956 • AHIR S nc 1976
Sale via Video
A u Pro uc i S l
FEBRUARY 19, 2020
At the Ranch, Bowdle, SD Selling 80 Reg. Yearling Bulls • 30 Purebred Heifers For sale book, email: firstname.lastname@example.org Sale book will be on the internet after January 20. at www.hilltopangusfarm.com and www.angusjournal.com
A S res
DL Dually SAV Raindance 6848 KR Outﬁt Hilltops Charged Up 44T KCF Bennett Fortress CS Mr. Acclaim 24E
Blake & Glenda Eisenbeisz P0 Box 104 • Bowdle, SD 57428 605-285-6741 or 605-281-1192 Blake Eisenbeisz, Jr. • 605-281-0624 Allene Eisenbeisz
December 6, 2019
Spring Sales Preview
20, 2020 Located 11 miles south of Mandan, North Dakota
(701) 663-7266 • Dennis: (701) 400-3483 • Sarah: (701) 400-3563 www.gustinsdiamondd.com • email@example.com
FRI., FEBRUARY 21, 2020 For Sale Catalogs, contact: Robert Birklid
701-924-8876 • Cell: 701-678-3528
firstname.lastname@example.org • www.rlazybranch.com
SAVE THE DATE MONDAY, FEB. 24TH,2020
“Every herd needs a Hart”
SALE LOCATION: 38735 108th St, Frederick, SD www.hartangusfarms.com
Brad Hart 605-329-7211 email@example.com
Alex Hart 605-216-1019 firstname.lastname@example.org
Selling 50 2 Yr Old Bulls
Your Black Baldy Source
Polled Herefords & Angus
Home of the productive female.
February 27, 2020.
Fri., February 28, 2020
Artesian, South Dakota
GANT RANCH 1:00 PM
37195 285th St., 2 miles W. of Geddes, SD
Jerry: (605) 999-3681
Mark Gant c: 605-680-1540 Dennis Gant c: 605-680-1542
“FOCUS ON PERFoRMANCE SALE”
SATURDAY, February, 29th, 2020, 1:00pm AT THE FARM 5W/1N OF BRITTON, SD
Contact us for catalog!
BUSH ANGUS “PERFORMANCE IS OUR PRODUCT” 41785 109TH ST, BRITTON, SD 57430
SCOTT 605/470-0555 • JIM 605/470-0605 • OFFICE 605/448-5401 Email: email@example.com www.bushangus.com for more photos and information
December 6, 2019
300 Mile Free Delivery On Sale Cattle!
Saturday, Feb. 29, 2020 • 1 p.m. at the Ranch Ken & Sue Lammers 605-392-2343 605-222-1335
Brady & Jaimi Lammers Tricia, James & Jacob
605-392-2402 • 605-870-0603
Watch our website and Facebook sale updates. www.LammersRanch.com •
Spring Sales Preview
March 28th ANNUAL
MARCH 2, 2020 AT 1:00 PM
BULL SALES START
Greg, Jeff, Dan, Ryan, Barry, David & Our Families
605.480.1467 605.480.3012 605.690.5832
MAGNESS LIVESTOCK • HURON, SOUTH DAKOTA
CONTACT US AT
43968 208th Street | Lake Preston, SD 57249 | Ranch: 605-860-1326 | Blake cell: 605-860-0139 Online: HojerRanch.com | Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Home of some of the Breed’s Top Genetics!
39th Annual Production Sale Saturday, March 2, 2020
Selling 200 Gelbvieh, Balancer® & Angus Bulls
SPRING PRODUCTION SALE
Thorstenson •Gelbvieh & Angus 12980 Cedar Rd., Selby, SD 57472
THURSDAY, MARCH 5 • 300 YEARLING BULLS
Vaughn & Wendy • 605/649-6262 Brian & DeDee • 605/649-9927 Fax: 605/649-7361 • E-mail: email@example.com
Like us on Facebook at Lazy TV Ranch
Visit www.BieberRedAngus.com to join our mailing list! www.BalancerBulls.com
CHIMNEY BUTTE RANCH
MARCH 5 , 2020 TH
Annual Gelbvieh Production Sale
Dwight 701-471-5215 • Luke 701-471-1142 1573 55th St., Mandan, ND 58554 firstname.lastname@example.org • www.kbhrsimmental.com
Friday, March 6, 2020 • 1:00 PM CST Kist Livestock, Mandan, ND
PRIVATE TREATY OPEN HOUSE BULL & HEIFER SALE
Friday, F id M March h6 6, 2020
7th and 8th 2020
Rick, Sandy, Blane & Clay Osterday
View the offerings and join us for lunch Selling Purebred Shorthorn, Durham Red and Percentage Simmental Yearling Bulls, and Yearling Shorthorn Heifers.
At the Ranch, West of Bowdle SD
Contact us – Calvin: 605-285-6179 / Cell: 281-1259 email@example.com
At Our Farm 31728 US Hwy 12 • Java, SD
www.stanglshorthorns.com December 6, 2019
Performance Power 2020 Sale Tuesday, March 10 2020 Kist Livestock Auction - mandan, ND
All Bulls Selling Are 18-Months-Old SD-759838-1
March 14, 2020 KEVIN & DENISE OLSON
Selling 150 Salers and Optimizer Composite Bulls Plus a Select Group of Bred and Open Females
20549 230th Ave., Detroit Lakes, MN, 56501 218.439.3597 (home) • 218.234.6690 (cell) • firstname.lastname@example.org • Matt Olson, 218.234.9143
ROSSOW ANGUS RANCH
29TH ANNUAL BULL & FEMALE SALE
MARCH 17th, 2020 @ NOON MST
PHILIP LIVESTOCK AUCTION
DARRIN NELSON 320.260.8687 • TROY NELSON 320.808.0914
MARCH 20, 2020
AT 1:00 PM
AT THE RANCH – 4 MI. SOUTH OF HERREID, SD
Selling Registered Angus Bulls & Heifers For More Information
Spring Sales Preview
Tim, Charlie & Shari Rossow Tim Rossow - 605-216-0568 11136 US Highway 83 Shari Rossow - 605-216-2223 Herrid, SD 57632 Charlie Rossow - 605-252-8148
Curtis & Laurie Brown • 701-489-3425 • 701-320-9398 (c) Troy & Jessica Brown - 701-320-4931 (c) 5211 76th Ave SE • Montpelier, ND 58472 • email@example.com
Contact: Sam and Connie Geyer Geyer Cattle Company • De Smet, SD 605-860-2081 • www.geyercattlecompany.com
Selling 40 Performance tested Charolais Bulls Annual Production Sale March 28, 2020 • 1 PM
MONDAY, MARCH 30TH, 2020 1 pm Sharp • Huron Continental Commission, Huron, SD
Selling 100+ Registered Yearling Angus Bulls
18742 468th. Ave. Estelline, SD 57234
For catalog referral: Office: 605.873.2852
PERFORMANCE... POUNDS... PROFIT... The -M- Brand Guarantee!
December 6, 2019
Spring Sales Preview
16th Annual Production Sale
ANNUAL PRODUCTION SALE
April 6, 2020 1PM CST
SATURDAY, APRIL 4, 2020 Us Out @ 7:00 PM Check on Facebook Randy Nelson • Carpenter, SD (605) 352-2347 • Cell: (605) 350-7099
For more information contact us at the ranch 605-384-3300 Dean cell 605-491-0185 • Todd cell 605-491-0301 Tim cell 605-491-0986 • Jason cell 605-491-3832
at the Weber Satellite Ranch, 38667 296th St., Lake Andes, SD 57356
OAKWATER RANCH / ROCKING ARROW
37th Annual April 14th, 2020
Production Sale Saturday, April 11. 2020 • 1:00 (CDT) At the Ranch 30491 131st St., Selby, SD
Bill Thorstenson - H: 605.649.7940 C: 605.845.6108 firstname.lastname@example.org Darin Thorstenson - H: 605.649.1972 C: 605.321.6416
Dean Churchill Commercial Marketing Director Valentine, NE (402) 376-6386 Deanchurch1@gmail.com
View our catalog at www.valentinelivestock.net
26th Production Sale
APRIL 18TH, 2020
Starting at 1:00 PM!
At the Feiring Angus Ranch • 1:00pm (CST) 3 Miles East of White Earth, ND
OHLDE CATTLE CO. APRIL 20, 2020
Celebrating bratiing 30 Years!
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YOUR GREEN GRASS BULL SOURCE Cattlemen’s Roundup
December 6, 2019
Real-life grazing tips to boost production Mellette County Sheep Rancher Lealand Schoon shared real-life grazing tips to boost production at the August Soil Health Sit Down, hosted by the South Dakota Soil Health Coalition, in Ft. Pierre, SD. Lealand described an early morning rain over a picturesque green rolling pasture of native rangeland. He asked, “Can you smell that pleasant, almost earthy smell? That is called ‘geosmin’ or the smell of rain.” That fragrant odor to humans is 200, 000 times stronger than a shark is to blood. Lealand shared this to remind the 30-something audience the connection to the soil. Geosmin is the earthy aroma produced by decaying bacteria in the soil when stirred by precipitation. Lealand is passionate about proper grazing management and sharing his experience with South Dakota ranchers. He has been a 27-year career employee of the Natural Resources Conservation Service and has worked to keep his technical skills acute. He is driven by his desire for ranchers to gain more wealth from the land. There are some very specific grazing mechanisms easy to implement to generate more profit.
He highlighted three sections: Grassland Plants, Grazing Animals and As Land Managers. There are some common mistakes easy to overcome. For the Grassland Plants, many ranchers think grass is grass; that there really isn’t much contrast in growth. “Yet, we have different growing seasons based on temperature and we have diversity of grazeable plants that grow and mature differently from one another. Think of these plants, as they mature, as different levels of feed value. When we know this, we can maintain a higher level of nutrition on our animals. That makes economic sense.” Species such as Smooth Bromegrass or Crested Wheatgrass may dominate some pasture areas just for the month of May, as they grow much earlier than native rangeland. Native Cool Season plants, such as Western Wheatgrass and Green Needlegrass are optimal in June. Native Warm Season plants, such as Big Bluestem, Blue Grama and Sideoats Grama are best in July. In most cases, they are all mixed up by design. Therefore, a properly implemented rotational grazing system adds value to the ranch. It really matters, when and how severe those different plants are grazed.
Tiny livestock Speaking about grazing animals is a lot of fun. If you get a chance to visit with Lealand, you might find that the grazing critters he is referring to are those in the soil. The good soil microbes are really doing the work.
Lealand Schoon compares grasses. Courtesy Photo
December 6, 2019
“There is so much life in and around the plant root system. Imagine protozoa as a lion and bacteria and fungi as their prey. As they all live and die, they are excreting plant food, to make our grazing lands full of nutrients. A healthy root and plant system, adds value to the land; increased soil organic matter, increased water holding capacity and an increase in plant production and diversity. Yet it is very important to match the aboveground feed with the animal’s needs; it is very important. The land shows us indicators when it is unhealthy; those dark green urine spots or an influx of weeds like Bull Thistle and Cheatgrass. Especially with the large, modern-day cow, the land needs to be managed better to meet the needs of that larger performance-based animal.” Cattlemen’s Roundup
December 6, 2019
Cattlemen’s Roundup Land managers juggle a lot of responsibilities. Lealand understands this as he has livestock and land, too. He relates how it is to wake up at night when the snowstorm blows in. “I can’t help but think about the 350 head of ewes that are out there and how the weather can change.” From the grazing perspective, it is rekindling that relationship with landscapes and livestock. Producers have gotten used to fences and water tanks as filling that role. Events like the “Soil Health Sit Downs,” gives producers that competitive advantage by gaining more knowledge. There is no better investment than to invest in yourself and to learn. Lealand shared with the group it’s OK to look for improved methods.
There really are no excuses these days. With the Internet, people can learn through producer mentors, conservation partners, universities and agencies. Here in South Dakota, the SD Grasslands and Soil Health Coalitions bring this information to local communities.
Lealand Schoon examines grasses in a pasture. Courtesy Photo
“When the land slowly degrades over time, we can manage it better,” Lealand said. “Management principles are universal and when implemented provide you progress during the better years, so to build resiliency for the tougher years. In the future, not everyone will pay top prices for depleted land. The grazing mechanisms mentioned are simple. Someone with three pastures and one herd could implement them and see very positive signals from the land.”
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December 6, 2019
Updates for Livestock Risk Protection,
a price insurance tool for feeder cattle
by Monte Vandeveer, extension agricultural economist, Garden City, Kansas State University
One price risk management tool available to feeder cattle producers (and other types of livestock producers) is Livestock Risk Protection, or LRP. The LRP program from USDA’s Risk Management Agency (RMA) is a price insurance program where insurance policies are sold through local insurance agencies but still backed up by RMA, just like traditional crop insurance. Also like multi-peril crop insurance, LRP premiums receive a subsidy through RMA. Recent changes to the LRP program were announced in a news release from RMA on April 22, 2019, and these changes will take effect July 1, 2019. The cattle-related changes to LRP include the following: • Expansion of LRP coverage for fed and feeder cattle to all states (the northeastern U.S. was formerly excluded); • An increase in the LRP premium subsidy from 13 percent for all coverage levels to a subsidy that ranges from 20 percent to 35 percent, depending on the coverage level selected; • The Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) trading requirements were updated to allow for more insurance endorsement lengths (that is, to allow a greater number of time periods to be covered by the insurance);
• Increased the annual limit for number of head which can be insured to 3,000 head per endorsement and 6,000 head per year, for both feeder cattle and fed cattle; • Change the “Price Adjustment Factor” for dairy cattle to 50 percent for both light-weight and heavyweight cattle. For readers not familiar with LRP, it is a risk management tool which has been around for a number of years, though not always widely used. LRP operates as price insurance that protects producers against declining cattle prices. That is, producers pay an insurance premium and in return receive coverage which pays when the CME price falls below the threshold price selected by the producer. Along with feeder cattle, LRP is available for fed cattle, lambs, and swine. For feeder cattle, there are two weight classes for LRP: animals weighing less than 600 Cattlemen’s Roundup
pounds at the end of the insurance period, and those weighing 600 to 900 pounds. As mentioned, producers may insure up to 6,000 head per year. The market price utilized by LRP coverage is the CME feeder cattle index price, so basis risk (the difference between local prices and the futures price) is not covered by LRP. One advantage of LRP is that the number of head insured at one time does not have to match the number implied by the weights for the CME futures and options contracts. That is, the CME feeder cattle futures contract has a specified weight of 50,000 pounds, which amounts to about 83 head of 600-lb. animals. LRP allows producers to insure cattle lots of different size, which may be particularly useful to producers dealing with smaller groups of animals. Another advantage of LRP is that its premiums are subsidized. Table 1 shows the new premium subsidy rates which will take effect on July 1. As mentioned, all LRP premiums were previously subsidized at 13 percent, but future subsidies will range from 20 to 35 percent, with lower coverage levels receiving higher premium subsidy rates. Table 1. Premium subsidy rates for LRP insurance, by coverage level Coverage level: % of expected price 70-79% 80-89% 90-94.9% 95-100%
Premium subsidy rate (% of total premium) 35% 30% 25% 20% December 6, 2019
Cattlemen’s Roundup The Risk Management Agency has several publications and web pages of interest to producers wanting to learn more about LRP: • LRP fact sheet about price insurance for feeder cattle • List of all types of livestock coverage from RMA, including LRP • LRP Specific Coverage Endorsement for feeder cattle • Livestock Reports webpage, which reports coverage prices, premium rates, etc. K-State Research and Extension has a spreadsheet (K-State Feeder Cattle Risk Management Tool) for comparing strategies to manage price risk for feeder cattle. It includes LRP as one approach, and also calculates returns for a cash position, a futures short hedge, a put option, a futures short hedge plus a call option (called
a “synthetic put”), and a combination of put and call options. It was recently updated to reflect the premium subsidy rate changes that will take effect on July 1. Returns to LRP will look quite similar to those offered by a traditional put option. When market price drops below the LRP coverage price (analogous to the strike price for a put option), then an LRP indemnity will compensate the insured back up to the level of the coverage price. When market prices remain above the coverage price, the LRP coverage expires worthless, and the producer must also pay the premium. Feeder cattle prices have been in a rather steep and steady decline since late April, and with all the late planting concerns in the Corn Belt, producers may see even more downward pressure on calf prices if the expected corn crop continues to shrink and corn prices rise. LRP offers one way to protect against further calf price declines without forfeiting upside price potential.
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December 6, 2019
Tax rebate programs
extended to livestock development projects
Ag Journalist Connie Sieh Groop worked with the GOED staff on this article.
In 2013, South Dakota legislators developed two sales and use tax rebate programs, the Reinvestment Payment and South Dakota Jobs programs, out of the Building South Dakota legislation. The Governor’s Office of Economic Development (GOED) oversees the programs to incentivize projects in the manufacturing, wind energy, and ag processing industries. Historically, companies in these industries utilize these programs to assist with equipment upgrades. Gov. Kristi Noem is so committed to growing South Dakota’s agriculture industry, that in her first month in office, she extended the capabilities of the programs to livestock development projects, providing an expanded toolbox to ag operations interested in growing. Qualifying projects include, but are not limited to feedlots, hog units, poultry, dairies and aquatic animals. A qualifying project means it requires a new county conditional use permit and adds livestock to the state. This program links arms with communities and supports long-term development from the county level. They use incentive programs in other industries throughout the state – agriculture should be no different. Joe Fiala, GOED’s director of community development, said, “Our response from the counties that want to utilize these programs has been positive. Several counties have followed the guidelines and received their permits. Our board of economic development approved the tax rebates and the projects are now being built. Once it’s been verified that they have built the project, then the money will be in the hands of the counties. We’ve seen projects for hogs, beef and poultry. To date, the approved projects are east of the Missouri River, scattered around from the southeastern part of the state to the northeast.”
Fiala said the paperwork is not overly burdensome and the office staff can help coordinate efforts. Those on the business development team can shepherd people through the process. (see listing) At the county level, there is no real extra work. Fiala said, “It results in a nice financial benefit to the country with no strings attached to receive the rebate. The county can use it as they see fit, including for roads, culverts or repairs on the courthouse. Available funds to counties are generally stretched thin, and this gives them an added boost. For counties that see livestock development as a fit, this is an additional useful tool. It’s still a local decision and it should be kept that way.” The initial contact with a business development representative is up to the producer. GOED strongly encourages livestock producers to initiate that contact early in the process and avoid waiting until their permit is received. Establishing an early partnership between the
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Using these programs does not change any rules or regulations for livestock development. Counties will still follow existing ordinances and comprehensive plans. Also, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources will still follow all of its existing policies and
Cattlemen’s Roundup producer and GOED will ensure the proper paperwork is filed and deadlines are met.
projects for a county. A separate application must be submitted for each project.
Fiala stressed, “Producers need to know that their information about the project stays confidential until they make it public. Knowing this might help put people’s minds at rest.”
The sales and use tax rebate will equal the sales and use tax that is collected by the state on a particular project. That amount is determined by the capital expenditures for the project and how much of those expenditures are subject to sales and use tax. GOED will work closely with the developer and the Department of Revenue to provide estimates to the county prior to the conditional use permit hearing.
How it works The livestock developer applies to the Board of Economic Development for a reinvestment payment prior to the conditional use permit hearing. If the board approves the application, the livestock developer must comply with the conditions of the approval, to include the payment of all taxes it owes on the project before it receives the payment. At the conclusion of the project, the livestock developer files an Affidavit for Reinvestment Payment with GOED, and if all of the conditions of the reinvestment payment have been met, GOED disperses the reinvestment payment to the livestock developer. As a condition of the program, the livestock developer assigns the sales and use tax rebate to the county which then decides how the reinvestment payment is utilized. The program application must be received by GOED well before the county conditional use permit hearing. Application deadlines each month are 15 business days prior to the Board meeting, which is the 2nd Tuesday of each month.
Example of a project In an example of the $10 million project, the Project Developer pays sales and use tax on the project. The maximum the state would collect is $450,000. Some items within the project may not be taxable. For our example, let’s be very conservative and estimate that only $5 million is taxable resulting in $225,000 in sales and use tax collected Once the project is complete, the county would receive the sales and use tax that has been collected. In this example, that would be $225,000.
Long-term benefits There is not a minimum dollar amount for livestock development projects that will qualify. However, there is a minimum number of animal units that determine whether a county conditional use permit is required. Those guidelines can be found in each counties’ zoning ordinances. The county can receive sales and use tax rebates on multiple projects. There is no limit on the number of
December 6, 2019
This initiative takes nothing away from livestock developers. They have not been eligible for the sales and use tax rebates in the past and they will not be eligible for this new initiative without the condition of assigning the grant to the county. “We often forget to talk about the long-term benefits,” Fiala said. “The one-time incentive moves things forward. With the project, additional jobs are created and the additional building and property taxes enhances the tax base. This will play a bigger dividend over the longterm than the sales and use tax rebate.” When asked if there is a downside, Fiala said, “The state gives up some state sales and use tax on the front end, but it results in more opportunities in the long term. The loss on the front end is more than made up for over time.” ______________________________________________ GOED BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT REPS Hannah Downs | Western South Dakota 605.381.4225 email@example.com Kyle Peters | Central South Dakota 605.280.6082 firstname.lastname@example.org Dave Skaggs | Central South Dakota 605.280.4837 email@example.com Nate Graf | Eastern South Dakota 605.400.4751 firstname.lastname@example.org Brandy Fiala | South Central South Dakota 605.370.0383 - email@example.com Jeremy Freking | Lincoln/Minnehaha Counties 605.295.1635 - firstname.lastname@example.org Katherine Kirby Nelsen | Lincoln/Minnehaha Counties 605.400.0934 - email@example.com Eric Siemers | Lincoln/Minnehaha Counties 605.941.6342 - firstname.lastname@example.org Melissa Andrisen | Southeastern South Dakota 605.305.6701 - email@example.com Cattlemen’s Roundup
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December 6, 2019
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December 6, 2019
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December 6, 2019
Choosing Beef Genetics for use in Dairy Herds By Warren Rusche SDSU Extension Beef Feedlot Management Associate
simply lack performance, efficiency, and carcass weight compared to beef genetics.
Combinations of new technologies and economic challenges often usher in sweeping changes and opportunities. The use of beef genetics on dairy cows is the most-recent example. While there has always been some beef on dairy crossbreeding occurring, it was rarely conducted in a systematic large-scaled manner.
What Breed Should I Use?
The reality is that with genomic selection tools and sexed semen not every dairy cow needs to be bred to a dairy bull to supply replacements. At the same time, one of the major beef processors in the US announced that they would no longer buy dairy steers, resulting in dramatically reduced values for dairy steers up and down the supply chain. Consequently, many dairy operations have seized on the idea of breeding a portion of their herd to beef bulls as a way to add value to bull calves and generate additional income. But what should dairy producers consider when choosing beef bulls to use on dairy cows?
Breed choice is often the first question asked, even before selection criteria have been determined. The beef industry has been arguing about which breed is superior for at least 50 years and we still have not reached complete agreement. In my opinion, rather than concentrate on breeds, we should first determine the objectives and then use available data to select what genetic inputs will best accomplish those goals. That said, there are breed differences that can be exploited when designing a crossbreeding system. Data from the USDA Meat Animal Research Center shows that breeds do differ in carcass traits (Table 1). Table 1. Carcass Traits by Breed of Sire Breed
Dairy Beef Strengths and Weaknesses Before jumping in blindly with a crossbreeding program, it would be useful to examine the strengths and weaknesses of the existing product (dairy steers). Dairy steers have a key advantage over many of the beef breeds raised in North America in that they come from a more consistent gene pool. Dairy steers are more predictable for both feedlot performance and carcass characteristics. In particular, they generally grade well with a high percentage of Choice and Prime carcasses with less backfat. However, packers have significant concerns with dairy steer carcasses. Compared to native cattle, dairy steers lack muscling. The result is smaller rib eyes with a narrower shape that is less desired in some markets. For this reason, many branded beef programs and end-user specifications specifically exclude dairy genetics, particularly for the high-value middle meats (rib and loin). Skeletal size is another challenge with the dairy steer. Excessive frame size in Holsteins can slow processing speeds and increase labor demands on the harvest floor. Many plants have insufficient rail heights to accommodate the skeletal length of some Holstein steers. On the other hand, Jersey steers are too small-framed and
December 6, 2019
Hot Carcass Weight
aMarbling score units: 400 = Low Select, 500 = Low Choice Adapted from Kuehn and Thallman, 2018
Cattle sired by continental breeds had increased rib eye area (REA) and reduced marbling compared to Angus-sired calves. That’s not to say that Continental sired cattle are always heavier muscled and that every Angus is superior for marbling. But this information does show that Angus bulls need to be better than breed average to equal the expected REA from a steer sired by an average Limousin sire, for instance.
Job Description for Beef on Dairy Sires The decision to use a particular beef bull in a crossbreeding system with dairy cows needs to address the following criteria: • • • • • •
Acceptable conception rate Acceptable calving ease Add muscling and rib eye area (REA) For Holstein cows – moderate skeletal size For Jersey cows – add performance Maintain or add marbling Cattlemen’s Roundup
December 6, 2019
Cattlemen’s Roundup The first two criteria are absolute “must haves”. No one can afford reductions in AI conception rates. Unfortunately, obtaining reliable rankings for AI sire fertility can be challenging. Semen company representatives can be invaluable resources in identifying sires proven to satisfy customers and avoid problems. The good news is the beef industry has been intensively selecting for easier calving for some time, so this is much less of a concern that it might have been in the past. Although the exact values for each beef breed will vary, setting independent culling levels to eliminate perhaps the worst 40% or so of a breed would eliminate most calving difficulty risk. Excluding the most extreme low-birth weight sires may also be prudent to reduce challenges from short gestation periods. Once those two criteria are satisfied, the low-hanging fruit in adding value to dairy steers lies in narrowing the gap in carcass value between dairy and native cattle. That means increasing rib eye area and reducing frame size of Holstein-cross calves. Sires to be used on Jersey
cows should primarily be selected on added muscle, as almost any beef cross will improve performance. Marbling also needs to be considered as it directly influences Quality Grade and carcass price. EPDs for all these traits are readily available and should be used to guide selection decisions. Selection decisions can be simplified by using one of the terminal index that are published by most beef breeds (e.g. Angus $B, Simmental TI).
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Farm and Rural Stress hotline
can provide options to work through issues
Conditions this year create concerns about what will happen to those who have worked hard as the forces of nature have pushed some to their limits. For those who are struggling, there are people who can help them work through their situation. Some operations are looking at losing the land that their grandfathers and great-grandfathers settled and worked. There are people to talk to and groups who want to help. From his blog post, Walt Bones describes his farm operation at Parker. He works with his brothers and brother-in-law on their multigenerational homestead, which has proudly stood since 1879. Not only are they in the beef and dairy business, but they also grow corn and soybeans. Like many other regional farmers, Bones is feeling the pressure - but staying positive. “My grandpa endured the dirty ‘30s, my father went through the farm crisis of the ‘80s. The ups and downs are inevitable in this industry.” Agriculture is the backbone of South Dakota industry, with approximately 31,000 farms and ranches. According to the South Dakota Department of Agriculture, one farmer has the potential to feed 155 individuals each year. Low prices, flood damage, relentless weather, machine breakdowns, trade turmoil and long hours away from family weigh heavily on the folks sitting alone in tractors or feeding livestock in the middle of the night. That’s the problem: they feel alone and they feel like they have to go through it alone. The pressure to maintain the family farm and home, put children through college and pay every expense in between can be too much as people watch their income decrease little by little over the years. Avera offers the Farm and Rural Stress Hotline, (https://www.avera.org/services/behavioral-health/ farmer-stress-hotline/) available to farmers, ranchers, residents of rural communities, and their families. It’s a FREE 1-800 number and available 24/7. When you call the Farm and Rural Stress Hotline at 1-800-691-4336, an online operator will take inventory
of your needs and direct you to local mental health care, which may include talk therapy and/or medication management. You can call anonymously and your insurance will not be notified. “Farmers are expected to be tough, but that ‘pullyourself-up-by-the-bootstraps’ mentality is so unfair to them,” said Matthew Stanley, DO, Clinical Vice President for the Avera Behavioral Health Service Line. “Mental health care in our rural population is what we specialize in and we want our agricultural friends to know that we are here for them.” Mental health difficulties should never cost you your life. For 24/7 support, call the Farm and Rural Stress Hotline at 1-800-691-4336 or the National Suicide Hotline at 1-800-273-8255 or the National Suicide Hotline at 1-800-273-8255.
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December 6, 2019
Stress Management With Mindfulness Written collaboratively by Hope Kleine and Kylie Serie SDSU Extension Health Education & Food Safety Field Specialist
According to a study done by the American Psychological Association, 44% of Americans reported an increase in stress levels over the past 5 years. Stress is our body’s way of responding to any kind of demand. While stress can be caused by good and bad experiences, stress built up over time can take a hard toll on your body. Today’s society promotes a busy and “on the go” lifestyle which often leads to feelings of stress caused by too much, “on the go” and not enough rest and relaxation. Stress can have many negative impacts on the body depending on the severity of the stress level. Physical symptoms can include fatigue, tension, pain, upset stomach, headaches, and may even result in increased cholesterol levels. Stress affects your mood and behavior by increasing anxiety, depression, sadness, and feelings of being overwhelmed. Other emotional symptoms include a reliance on substances, changes in appetite, trouble sleeping and lack of motivation.2 The more you are experiencing these negative effects of stress, the more important it becomes to find a way to manage your stress levels.
What can you do to manage your stress? Managing stress first starts with the awareness that it is present. It is not too hard to notice when stress starts to appear. One of the first steps towards reducing your stress level is to notice what may be triggering you to feel stressed. You may not have the ability to control some of the sources, but there may be some that you have the power to change. If you are noticing any of the symptoms that were listed above, you may want to ask yourself, “What is causing me to feel this way?” Once you identify the source that caused the stressed reaction, ask yourself, “Is this something that I have control over? Can I change this?” If you do have the power to change the source, make the change. If it is not something you are able to change, find coping mechanisms that are beneficial to your health. The coping mechanisms will help in the prevention of experiencing advanced stressed level symptoms. It can be easy to find coping mechanisms that may not be healthy for your overall well-being. Finding ways to decrease your stress level in a healthy way is important for managing stress in the long-term. This can be done with mindfulness and a variety of tools.
Stress-Reducing Activities Try incorporating any of the following exercises to reduce stress and improve overall wellbeing. Exercise. Exercising increases blood flow, improves mood, and decreases symptoms of anxiety and depression. Try moving throughout the day for an improved mood Make time for hobbies. Spending time doing the things you love will benefit your mental health by improving your mood and allowing you to relax.
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Socialize with friends and family. Spending time with the people you love naturally boosts your mood and diminishes stress.
Incorporate relaxation methods such as yoga and meditation. These methods will work to reduce stress within the body by calming the mind. They will leave you feeling rejuvenated and refreshed.
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Managing stress can seem difficult at times but incorporating a little bit of mindfulness will help keep stress levels low. Cattlemen’s Roundup
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Signs you or a loved one needs mental health support How do you know if someone you know, or love is battling anxiety or depression? Andrea Bjornestad, Assistant Professor & SDSU Extension Mental Health Specialist shares some factors to watch for among family and friends: • Depression, hopelessness • Withdrawal from people/activities ordinarily enjoyed • Negative thoughts, including frequent talk about disappearing or death • Strong feelings of guilt or low self-esteem • Decline in hygiene or appearance • Alcohol or substance misuse • Stockpiling medication • Easy access to firearms If you see the above symptoms or assume someone is struggling, don’t hesitate to get involved. “If someone is struggling with emotions such as sadness, anger, or irritability, socially withdrawing from others, or changing their behavior, don’t hesitate to ask them if they are thinking about killing themselves,” Bjornestad said. “Don’t be afraid to ask the tough questions. You asking will not impact a person’s response or thoughts.”
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How to begin the conversation? Bjornestad suggests talking to the person alone and in a private location.
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“It is important to describe any changes you’ve observed in the person and to let them know that you care about them,” Bjornestad says. “After describing changes, you may need to ask tough questions directly including, “Have you had any recent thoughts of death and dying?” or, “Are you experiencing thoughts of suicide?’”
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If the answer is yes, the following resources are important: • Help the person get immediate mental health assis-
For more information, contact Bjornestad at 605.688.5125 or call the Avera Farmer’s Stress Hotline 800-691-4336. Cattlemen’s Roundup
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tance. Offer options such as the Helpline (dial 211) or Farmers Stress Hotline 800-691-4336; call a family member to come help and potentially take the person to the hospital; call a local mental health crisis team; call for emergency medical services. Do not leave the person alone.
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Cull Cows, Managing and Marketing Considerations By Heather Gessner SDSU Extension Livestock Business Management Field Specialist
HIGHS AND LOWS
Pregnancy checking is more than an evaluation of the kind of breeding season the operation had. It is also an opportunity to evaluate the body condition, health, structure, and age of the cowherd. While pregnancy determination is the main reason cows are removed from the herd, those other factors are important as well.
The monthly average highs and lows are seasonal in the weigh-up markets. The traditional lows are during November, December, and January, the time of the year when pregnancy testing is completed, and the sale of a large number of cows occur. The other trend of note is the increasing price through the spring and summer, to a peak in August.
Once the determination to cull animals from the breeding herd has been made, other management decisions and marketing plans must be considered. The proper evaluation is important as the cull cow enterprise could account for 20 percent or more of the operation’s income for the year.
Another point to notice in this chart is the standard deviation between the market high in August and the wide variation during the lows in December. The variation makes estimating the selling price of cull cows in December more difficult than estimating the selling price of those held for sale in July or August.
Another important factor to consider, especially following years that had extreme feed production issues, is the resources the cull cow will consume. These resources being feed. However labor and space availability and cash need to be considered as well.
FACTORS AFFECTING PRICE
There are many ways to look at the cull cow market. Chart 1 is the 2014-2019 seasonal Price Index for SD Cull Cows. The use of the Index provides a better look at the seasonality of the prices than the strict average price for these five years.
Beef in cold storage is a predictor of the supply and demand situation. Chart 2 (next page) provides a look at the amount of beef in storage for the same years considered in the Seasonal Price Index above. The weekly cow slaughter number has been around 20,000 head above the 2013-2017 average slaughter number of approximately 110,000 head per week. Throughout the summer and fall months of 2019, the beef cow, dairy cow mix has been fairly even.
MAKING A MARKETING DECISION A partial budget should be created to determine when to market a slaughter cow. The budget will allow the evaluation of different feeding options. The options may include the utilization of different feedstuffs, varying time on feed, feeding to different weights, and changes in price. When creating a feeding budget the following pieces of information are needed: days on feed, estimated average daily gain, total gain, estimated cost of gain, weight before going on feed, estimated selling price before going on feed, estimated selling price after feeding.
December 6, 2019
December 6, 2019
Cattlemen’s Roundup Those items will allow for the calculation of the initial cost, the estimated total cost of gain, combined total cost to feed, projected final weight, projected breakeven and the projected return to feeding. Feedstuffs used in the ration will make a difference in cost and gain. As these cows are not lactating or gestating, their requirements are generally low. SDSU research has reported gains of 2.8, 2.9 and 3.1 pounds per day for sows fed for 50, 77 and 105 days. Other researchers have observed gains of 5.6, 3.6, and 3.5 for cows fed for 90 days. In addition to a variety of rations, winter grazing of crop residues like corn stalks with protein supplements can also generate gain at low input costs.
TYPES OF COWS TO FEED It is important to feed the ‘right’ kind cull cows. Cows that are open, sound, healthy, and in thin to moderate condition are the best kind feed as they have the best chance to gain weight efficiently. Pregnant cows will have decreased dressing percentage. Unsound or injured and unhealthy animals should be delivered directly to a packer. Ensure any medication withdrawal times have passed before selling a treated animal. Also, cows that are in a body condition of five or more are already in slaughter condition. Putting resources like feed, space, labor, and cash into them for any length of time may not improve the return to feeding slaughter cows.
MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS During times of low commodity beef cattle prices, it is important not to cut out costs that may save money. Pregnancy checking is one of those management tools. Feeding high quality feeds to open cows is an expensive management practice. Those high-quality feeds could be better used to feed replacement heifers, feeder cattle or finish cattle. Before feeding any cull cows, evaluate them for body condition and health. Sales of cull cows can be done in the winter, even at seasonal lows, and be more profitable than trying to maintain heavy conditioned cows through the winter and spring when prices generally increase. The cost of feed could out price the increase in price received for the cow. It is also important to evaluate the profit potential of cows considered suitable for feeding. If the cost of feeding for any amount of time, exceeds the potential increase in income received from a heavier cow and increased dollar per hundredweight, sell the cow and use the resources used elsewhere. Create a full inventory of the available feed resources. Count the number of bales and determine the amount of silage and other piled feeds. In addition to quantity, feed tests should be done so feed quality can also be inventoried. These numbers can be used to ensure enough feed is on hand to fulfill the feed needs of the cowherd, replacement heifers, and other animals through the winter. The number can also be used to determine if there is enough cash on hand to purchase needed feed or supplements required for those animals. Lastly, follow your plan. If the cull cow feeding plan is profitable by holding the animals to a specific weight or price, sell them at that profit. Increased feeding time will change the feed available for other animals, or cash needed for purchases or use. The cull cow can be a profitable enterprise for the operation. It needs to be managed and monitored, similar to other components of the business.
December 6, 2019
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December 6, 2019
Cammack Ranch Family
Says Fencing Plays a Role in Range Management
The Cammack ranch family says high-tensile fencing is an essential tool to effective rangeland management through rotational grazing. In 2018 the family was recognized for their conservation efforts on their northwest South Dakota ranch with the Leopold Conservation Award. Pictured here (left to right): Amy & Gary Cammack with grandson, Miles; Amber and Reed Cammack with sons, Ian and Elliott. “Fencing is what allows us to implement our grazing plan effectively,” explains Reed Cammack, 38, who joined the family ranching operation fulltime in 2017. “With high-tensile fencing, once it’s in, the maintenance is very minimal. The high-tensile, Bekaert Cattleman®Pro 14-gauge barbed wire, is durable and holds up well to heavy snow load and ice which we can get in an extreme South Dakota winter.” Photo Courtesy of USDA NRCS South Dakota
Around dusk, if you drive a 4-wheeler out to check cattle on the Cammack Ranch in northwest South Dakota, you’re bound to see herds of antelope, deer, flocks of wild turkey and even some bald eagles.
are a definite barometer of the potential profitability of a ranch.”
“It didn’t used to be this way,” says Gary Cammack, who together with his wife, Amy, purchased the land in Union Center, in 1984. At that time, he says they were lucky if they saw a single deer. The reason? The range was in tough shape. Due to season-long overgrazing, there was little plant diversity and quite a few erosion issues.
“Fencing is what allows us to implement our grazing plan effectively,” explains Reed Cammack, 38, who joined the family ranching operation fulltime in 2017.
“We knew if we didn’t reverse the trend, we wouldn’t be in business,” Gary says, explaining, “soil health, plant diversity along with the diversity, quantity and vitality of wildlife
December 6, 2019
So, the couple set right to work restoring the health of their rangeland. Putting up fence was one of the first things they did.
Installing cross fence, utilizing Bekaert Cattleman® Pro 14-gauge barbed wire, allowed them to divide 1,000-plus-acre parcels of rangeland into smaller sections so they could implement rotational grazing. They began planting trees, putting up fence to protect the young shelter belts from cow/calf pairs. They
dug in miles of rural water pipelines and installed water tanks throughout pastures making it feasible to install more cross fence, encouraging cattle to utilize every square inch of pasture and protecting riparian areas from too much hoof traffic. Thirty-five years later, they are still putting up fence, planting trees and installing water tanks. To date, the Cammack’s have planted more than 30,000 trees and installed nearly 40 miles of rural water pipeline. In 2018, the Cammack family was recognized for their efforts with the Leopold Conservation Award. Keeping birds and other wildlife in mind, the bottom strand of the barbed wire fence is smooth. And they only use high-tensile wire. Cattlemen’s Roundup
December 6, 2019
Cattlemen’s Roundup “With high-tensile fencing, once it’s in, the maintenance is very minimal. The high-tensile fence is durable and holds up well to heavy snow load and ice which we can get in an extreme South Dakota winter,” Reed says. Tensile strength is the term used to describe resistance of steel or other materials to break under pressure. Compared to the low-carbon barbed wire Gary, Amy, Reed and his brothers, Scott, Ryan and Chris initially installed, the high-tensile barbed wire can withstand 25 to 35 percent more pressure before breaking. Because it only has 3 percent elongation, compared to low-carbon wire’s 13 percent elongation, high-tensile barbed wire doesn’t sag from snow load or livestock pressure. The Cammacks began putting in high-tensile barbed wire when they were introduced to Bekaert fencing products through their other family business, Cammack Ranch Supply.
Located on Highway 34 next door to Gary and Amy’s ranch house, Cammack Ranch Supply serves livestock producers throughout western North and South Dakota, northwestern Nebraska and eastern Wyoming and Montana. Together with their sons, Gary and Amy built the Cammack Ranch Supply business as they grew their ranching operation. “Through Cammack Ranch Supply we are always looking for new and innovative products to reduce costs and create efficiencies on our own ranch, as well as to help other ranchers increase efficiencies on their operations and make better use of their land,” Gary explains. After recognizing the benefits of high-tensile fencing products themselves, the Cammacks encourage other livestock producers to use them as well, because once the fence is installed, there is little to no maintenance, and high-tensile wire ends up costing less per roll. When they need to fix low-carbon fencing, they found a quicker, more efficient way to accomplish the unpopular task - the Gripple joiner and tension system. Producers can also purchase rolls of high tensile wire from Bekaert, factory-fit with Gripple joiners.
When installing new fence, the Bekaert Gripple joiners make an easy task of getting the tension just right. “It takes the guess work and labor out of it,” says Gary Cammack, Union Center, S.D., rancher and owner of Cammack Ranch Supply.
“We still have fence with considerable years of experience, and the Gripple joiners eliminate the need to make an old-fashioned splice in the old wire fence,” Gary explains. “When installing new fence, the joiners allow you to get the tension perfect—you’re not under tightening or over tightening. It takes the guess work and labor out of it.”
Rotational grazing increases forage availability … even in drought years Never losing sight of their original vision - to improve soil health and rangeland quality for cattle and wildlife—the Cammacks intentionally manage their high-intensity rotational grazing system. Each spring they rotate which pasture is grazed first, closely monitoring the range plants to determine when it’s time to move cattle into the next pasture. “One section of range is divided into 13 pastures. This means once we’ve started the spring grazing in one pasture, it’s another 13 years before we start our grazing in that pasture again,” Gary says. Reed adds, “Typically, the pastures are on a seven-to-10-day rotation, but we are mindful of grazing pressure, especially early in the spring. All plants have growing points at the leaf joints,” he explains. “When we move the cattle out of a pasture, we want to have one or two leaves left on the plant or about half the biomass left in the field as cover.” In Spring 2019, to take advantage of an abundance of sweet clover due to excess moisture, Reed sped up the spring rotation, moving cattle through each pasture every two days. “This way they were able to graze the sweet clover while it was still palatable. Then, we began the standard sevento-10-day rotation.” Their rangeland responded to the seasonal grazing rotation by increasing production of more desirable warm and cool season grasses, which in turn have crowded out noxious weeds.
Photo Courtesy of USDA NRCS South Dakota
December 6, 2019
Cattlemen’s Roundup “Rotational grazing is like turning a kid loose in an all-you-can-eat buffet. They will always eat the dessert first. Cows are no different; they will eat the most lush, best tasting plants first, but with this system, you can also get them to eat the less palatable plants. And over time, populations of their favorite plants increase,” Reed explains. And rotational grazing increases forage availability even in the worst of drought years. “During the 2016 drought, we were only able to graze each pasture for a week, but because there were 13 pastures, and all the pastures had rural water piped to them, it extended our grazing season,” Amy explained.
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Rotational grazing increased their overall stocking rate by 80 percent while at the same time bolstering wildlife populations. “We are stewards of the land. It’s our job to take care of the plants and animals that have come under our responsibility,” Gary says.
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December 6, 2019
Placements were the Wildcard
leading up to October cattle on Feed Report
The Cattle on Feed report provides monthly estimates of the number of cattle being fed for slaughter. For the report, USDA surveys feedlots of 1,000 head or more, as this represents 85% of all fed cattle. Cattle feeders provide data on inventory, placements, marketings and other disappearance. The report showed a total inventory of 11.278 million head for the United States on October 1. This year-overyear decrease of 1.1% is right on the dot of analysts’ expectations, which also anticipated an average decrease of 1.1% in feedlot inventories. FOR THE AREA’S BEST PRICING ON ALL YOUR ANIMAL HEALTH NEEDS, STOP P AND SEE US OR CALL US TODAY!
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While total inventories are an important component of the report, other key factors include placements (new animals being placed on feed) and marketings (animals being taken off feed and sold for slaughter). This report came out at a time of some uncertainty in the market, particularly in placements. In terms of placements this September, analysts predicted an average 1.5% increase from August 2018.
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December 6, 2019
December 6, 2019
Marketings in September were 1.738 million head, up 1.1% from a year ago, matching the average analyst expectation of a 1.1% increase.
However, there was a great degree of uncertainty in analysts’ expectations for the placement number, resulting in a very large range of a 4.9% decrease to an 7.6% increase. Placements in September totaled 2.093 million head, which is 2% above 2018 levels. The number of placements came in slightly above the average analyst forecast, but remained well within the large range. September’s number breaks the fourmonth streak of year-overyear declines in placements.
December 6, 2019
Many factors contributed to the uncertainty surrounding analysts’ estimates. Feeder and fed cattle prices have largely recovered since the August fire at Tyson’s packing plant, which some thought could
mean the market was in a better place to pull more animals through the system. Drought conditions in key cow-calf regions in the U.S., as shown in Figure 2, are another key variable that could potentially impact placements. Drought across parts of Texas and the Southeast could have forced producers to pull animals off of pasture early to place on feed, which could have increased the number of feeder cattle on feed in the lighter weight categories. This report somewhat confirmed this theory, with larger increases in placements occurring in lighter weight classes year over year, as well as month over month, for the most part. Although, placements were up month-over-month in all weight classes. Month-overmonth increases were highest in the 600-699 lbs category, coming in at an increase of 55,000 head.
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December 6, 2019
Passionate people need to step up to make concerns known By James Halverson, Executive Director South Dakota Stockgrowers Association
I read somewhere that “A man doesn’t fall asleep in fire or water but grows weary in the sunshine.” I would also add snow and wind to that first part. It seems the “powers that be” may have been snoozing in the sunshine while those of us “out here” have been engulfed in the fire and/or water. I don’t have to tell you about all the curve balls that have been thrown at producers over the past year. I do believe, however, some of the decision-makers are beginning to see the effects and take note. Recently the USDA walked back their plans to mandate all breeding age cattle be required to have an
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Along with the good news in rolling back RFID mandates, we’ve recently seen some positive strides in the Hours of Service regulations for livestock transporters as well. The Responsible & Efficient Agriculture Destination or TREAD Act was just introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives in a bipartisan effort. It appears that this bill would go a long way towards giving our livestock haulers the flexibility needed to do their job in a humane and safe fashion. Mandatory Country of Origin Labeling for beef and pork products has been a top concern for independent producers and the South Dakota Stockgrowers for years. Again, just recently we’ve seen some grassroots support come to fruition by our South Dakota Senators. The U.S. Beef Integrity Act would close a current loophole that allows for imported beef to be labeled as a “Product of the USA.”
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electronic, or RFID, tag beginning in 2021. While we consider this a big win for producers, it should be noted that in their press release the USDA stated that they will continue to explore options to incentivize a movement to RFID. Electronic tagging is a fine tool, but this recent push to mandate all producers to use it is just one more example of burdensome government regulations that aren’t needed. It would also end up costing producers millions of dollars all while seeing little to no benefit on their operations.
Under this new bill, any meat product receiving this label would have to be “born, raised, and slaughtered in the United States.” This is a good example of common-sense legislation that would be hard to argue against. If a product does not meet this simple definition, it should not bear the “Product of USA” label. We also appreciate the efforts of Senator Tester of Montana introducing a Mandatory Country of Origin Labeling Resolution. We hope you will join us in voicing your opinion on these bills to as many legislators as you can. That leads me to my final and most important point. I hear many people that are willing to complain about the state of our industry, markets, disaster assistance, non-sense regulations, and so on. But I see many fewer people getting involved in making an effort to Cattlemen’s Roundup
Cattlemen’s Roundup address these issues. There is an organization or two out there for all to get involved in. The South Dakota Stockgrowers have been working on these issues outlined here as well as many others, as have some other groups. If these issues are important to you and the profitability and sustainability of your operation, I encourage you to do some research and find where you can get involved. Which organization(s) you choose to support and be involved in is your prerogative but being involved somewhere is imperative. As you know producers are a small percentage of the population, even here in rural South Dakota. We need passionate people who aren’t just willing to complain, but willing to step up and make their concerns known. Victory in many of these areas is possible and change can be affected. It reminds me of a quote from one of my favorite Presidents, Teddy Roosevelt, “It is not the critic who counts; not the man who points out how the strong man stumbles, or where the doer of deeds
could have done them better. The credit belongs to the man who is actually in the arena, whose face is marred by dust and sweat and blood; who strives valiantly; who errs, who comes short again and again, because there is no effort without error and shortcoming; but who does actually strive to do the deeds; who knows great enthusiasms, the great devotions; who spends himself in a worthy cause; who at the best knows in the end the triumph of high achievement, and who at the worst, if he fails, at least fails while daring greatly, so that his place shall never be with those cold and timid souls who neither know victory nor defeat.” Consider joining the South Dakota Stockgrowers or other industry organizations today. Your help is needed, your industry, livelihood, and legacy are at stake. I encourage you to call our office today to see how you can be a part of the efforts of the SDSGA (605) 342-0429. Thank you and God Bless.
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December 6, 2019
Sharing stories, tools, facts to spur beef sales Story by Miranda Reiman
Showing a little of the humanity in ranch life—what may sound simple was a significant role for cattlemen at the 2019 Certified Angus Beef ® (CAB®) brand’s annual conference in Asheville, N.C., in September. More than 700 people from packer and processor to restaurateur and retailer gathered for the event that is part celebration, part education, part pep rally, but all about the relationships. In between motivational speakers like former Blue Angels pilot John Foley and new sales-marketing inspirations, Kansas Angus breeders Chris and Sharee Sankey and Neal and Marya Haverkamp shared their stories in a live interview. Marya Haverkamp talked of working alongside her husband, reaching goals together. “It’s overwhelming,” she said, before adding some levity. “Now don’t get me wrong - on the days we work cattle, I have to remind myself I love him, even though I don’t really like him right now. But my heart is full when I see him helping the kids and it’s full circle.” The session brought to life pages from the new coffee-table book, “Sheltering Generations: The American Barn,” set for a December release. Every penny from book sales will support a new Rural Relief Fund that CAB will use to contribute to organized efforts during times of natural disasters. South Dakota cattleman Troy Hadrick shared a slice of what it’s like to literally weather a storm, describing this April’s devastating blizzard on his Faulkton, S.D., ranch. “You’ve got this unwritten, unspoken contract with your cows that you’ll take care of them and they in turn take care of you. We didn’t save them all, but we did the best we could,” Hadrick said. During the storm, his wife Stacy and their three kids were all working together in the elements to save calves. It was just a quick stop back at the house for food, when Hadrick looked over and saw his daughter, head in her hands, sobbing. “We had just pushed her a little too hard. She was kind of emotionally and physically exhausted,” he said. “That was tough for a dad to see.”
December 6, 2019
But it wasn’t just about showing who ranchers are, it was about explaining what they do. During a sustainability session, panelists put a face on how the production sector is improving animal care and environments. James Henderson, Bradley 3 Ranch; Tom Jones, Hy-Plains Feed Yard; Chris Ulrich, Ulrich Farms; and Sara Place, National Cattlemen’s Beef Association, each shared examples ranging from experience in the Chesapeake Bay watershed to feeding cattle in western Kansas. Henderson said they hit a turning point when a range specialist visited their Childress, Texas, ranch in 1995. “At the end of the day, he made a comment that cut to the bone,” Henderson recalled. “He said, ‘This is the most under-stocked, overgrazed ranch I’ve ever been on.’ That’s not what you want to hear as a rancher.” They made a 20-year plan, where they developed water, implemented aggressive brush control and planted native forage. Increased carrying capacity shows it’s working. Ulrich had his own stories of fencing out creek beds and introducing contour strips on his Pennsylvania farm ground. Jones described collaborative work at his feedyard’s education and research center, and building up the next generation through internships. Place put the media hype in perspective, noting it takes fewer cows to produce more beef today than it did decades ago. “Those are huge reductions in the amount of greenhouse gas emissions, the amount of natural resources, everything else it takes to make it a really high-quality product,” she said. CAB recognized leaders in packing, retail, foodservice, value-added processing and production with annual awards. They announced new programs, such as Steakholder Rewards - a new consumer brand loyalty program - and the Meat Speak podcast. The sales team equipped people selling beef with more tools and tactics for success. Since 1998, consumer spending on beef has increased by $62 billion, more than the increase in outlays on pork and poultry combined, he said. CAB sales hit a record 1.25 billion pounds, said John Stika, CAB president, noting 3.1% growth for the fiscal year ending in September. Cattlemen’s Roundup
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December 6, 2019
South Dakota Farmers and Ranchers continue to guide direction of Beef Checkoff By Suzy Geppert, Executive Director South Dakota Beef Industry Council
The beef checkoff program has been in existence since 1985 and although most cattle producers are familiar with the program, we often receive questions on how we determine checkoff direction and fund allocation. How do we do this? The process happens collectively with our South Dakota beef producers. The South Dakota Beef Industry Council (SDBIC) board of directors is made up of 24 South Dakota beef representatives elected from 8 partner organizations; SD Stockgrowers, SD Farm Bureau, SD Cattlemen’s, SD Cattlemen’s Auxiliary, SD Cattlewomen, SD Farmers Union, SD Livestock Auction Market Association, and
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SD Beef Breeds Council. Quarterly board meetings are held to determine checkoff direction. These board meetings are open to the public.
The Checkoff is considered an industry catalyst. • The
checkoff was not designed to manage cattle prices. Its intent is to promote beef and provide consumers with factual, evidenced-based information regarding beef. The checkoff works on long-term, demand-building programs focused on the consumer. Consumer Market Research is used to identify, create and build promotional and educational programs. • Whether it is expanding on national campaigns like the current “Strength” campaign where we are reaching thousands of athletes and healthy lifestyle enthusiasts about the value of beef and its ability to build and repair muscle or providing meal ideas that busy family’s can utilize, these programs continue to drive home our Beef. It’s What’s For Dinner message. • Safeguarding the future of our cattle industry is always top of mind in everything we do and much of this happens through checkoff funded research. This research has played integral roles in the development of the value-added cuts and provided evidence-based data that has helped and continues to help in debunking misinformation in regard to the health and safety of beef.
Consumer Engagement We continuously look for ways to engage with consumers to create awareness and an understanding of our beef community. They want to know the story behind their food and your beef checkoff allows us to do that. Here are some examples. • Engaging in state-to-state partnerships where we provide funding to reach consumers in areas like New York where consumers outnumber beef cattle nearly twenty to one. • Attending the Sturgis Motorcycle Rally where we were once again declared the “Official Meat” of the rally. 2019 Rally Summit data concluded an attendance of 490,000 people. We incorporated the Beef Throwdown event which highlighted signature beef dishes throughout the Black Hills region and incorporated celebrity chef, Justin Warner. Cattlemen’s Roundup
Cattlemen’s Roundup • Providing
programming to youth in school districts across the state, including the “Build Your Base with Beef” sport’s nutrition and training program written in collaboration with the Sanford Sport’s Science Institute. This program utilizes beef as the premiere protein and is now expanding across our state borders as it pilots in four other states starting in the Fall of 2020. This program has also expanded to include a college sports version engaging both of South Dakota’s Division I universities and their athletes. •Providing opportunities for South Dakota schools to apply for funding to be used to purchase beef for classroom hands on educational purposes. The FACS Beef Program provides high school and middle school Family and Consumer Science, ProStart and Agriculture teachers the opportunity to expand their beef educational efforts. This program will impact students and their families in over 50 classrooms across the state. • Expanding beef’s story in a partnership with Sanford International PGA Tour of Champions. This event expanded on the national “Re-think the Ranch” campaign with beef being the official protein of the tour-
nament. New to the event this year was the Beef Expo tent where an education zone was set up for consumers to participate in virtual ranch tours. The “Honey Ranch Burger” was introduced to thousands of consumers as the signature burger of the tournament.
Producer Engagement We are always looking for ways to involve and engage beef producers. Your voice plays a vital role in the planning, implementation, and outreach efforts involved in building beef demand. Whether its working behind the scenes as part of a working group, volunteering at a promotional event, working alongside us in determining the direction of the dollar, conducting interviews, offering your farm or ranch as a possible tour location or even just sharing your beef story…we want to hear from you. Contact us if you would like to be involved. Still have questions? For more information on the SDBIC and the Beef Checkoff contact Suzy Geppert, Executive Director at firstname.lastname@example.org or follow us on Facebook or Instagram. For national program efforts visit www.beefboard.org or www.BeefItsWhatsForDinner.com
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December 6, 2019
Working for you for 71 years and counting By Jodie Anderson, Executive Director South Dakota Cattlemen’s Association
In a few years, many of us will be telling stories about the many challenges 2019 presented for agriculture. By the time you read this, SDCA will have just finished our 71st Annual Convention and Trade Show. While much about our industry has changed, from technology to marketing and grazing practices to animal health, much still remains the same as it was 71 years ago when a group of cattlemen saw a need to create SDCA’s precursor organization. Today, SDCA remains committed to our founding principles, speaking with a unified voice to advocate for private property rights; push back against burdensome regulations; foster environmental stewardship; promote fair and free trade to maximize the value of our beef; and fight for beef labeling that is scientifically based and provides consumers clear, easily understood information. Following is a brief summary of a few of the issues SDCA worked to address in 2019, along with a few issues we anticipate working on in 2020. I hope you’ll agree the work we do on these and other issues demonstrates the value of your SDCA membership – while you’re home taking care of your cattle and your business, we’re fighting for your freedom to operate. Here’s a look back at some of the top issues from 2019:
Trade: Trade continues to be a top-of-mind issue for most of us involved in agriculture. While progress has been slower than we would like, SDCA is pleased to see some of the Trump Administration’s vigorous efforts to tear down trade barriers reaping some rewards for cattlemen. While we continue to push for passage of USMCA, we are thankful for the agreement reached in October with Japan. Under this agreement, the United States will obtain market access conditions equal to CP-TPP countries, with tariffs for fresh, chilled, and frozen beef reduced from 38.5 percent to 9 percent in 15 years. Addition96
December 6, 2019
ally, Japan will eliminate tariffs on processed beef products, including beef jerky and meat extracts, which are as high as 50 percent, in 5 to 15 years.
Prevent Plant: An issue that developed quickly
this spring centered on concerns with RMA’s restrictive prevented planting requirements for haying/ grazing cover crops. The unseasonably cool, wet spring and summer shortened planting seasons, or prohibited planting altogether. Moving cattle to summer grazing was also delayed, further depleting feed stocks, raising concerns about livestock feed/ forage availability this fall and winter. Thanks to quick action by SDCA, our SD Congressional delegation and others, we were able to secure flexibility from RMA for the utilization of cover crops on prevented plant acres. In 2019, cover crops on these prevented plant acres were able to be utilized for haying, grazing, or chopping of silage beginning September 1, rather than waiting until November 1. In addition, these cover crops will not impact producer payments or APH for crop insurance purposes.
WOTUS: There was significant action on the environmental front in 2019 as well, most importantly the full repeal of the Obama-era Waters of the US (WOTUS) rule. After years of push-back from NCBA, SDCA and many other ag groups, in September, the EPA and the Department of the Army published a final rule to repeal the 2015 WOTUS rule and to restore the regulatory text that existed prior to the 2015 Rule. The WOTUS rule was an illegal effort by the federal government, significantly impacting our ability to implement vital conservation practices. With this final rule, the regulations defining the scope of federal Clean Water Act jurisdiction will be those portions as they existed before the amendments included in the 2015 Rule. Looking forward to 2020, we anticipate the farm economy will continue to be a concern for South Dakota’s cattlemen. That is likely to drive more discussions about property taxes and overall state funding. Cattlemen’s Roundup
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December 6, 2019
Cattlemen’s Roundup Also, here’s a sampling of other issues we see on the horizon:
Fake Meat: This could easily have been included
in the list of issues for 2019, but we anticipate it will continue to be a topic of interest in 2020. With many mainstream media outlets talking about labgrown and plant-based meat, or “fake meat” for our purposes, and some going so far as to predict the end of the beef industry in the next 20, 30, or 40 years, SDCA remains vigilant to ensure our mem-
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bers will have the opportunity to compete on a level regulatory playing field. We are pleased USDA will have regulatory authority over lab-grown products, including labels and inspections. We are also happy to see the introduction of the Real MEAT Act in October to codify the definition of beef for labeling purposes; reinforce existing misbranding provisions to eliminate consumer confusion; and enhance the federal government’s ability to enforce the law.
Antibiotics: In 2017, FDA implemented the enhanced Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) to voluntarily change over the counter (OTC) medically important antimicrobial drugs used in feed and water for food-producing animals to be under the oversight of licensed veterinarians. True to their proposed timeline, this September FDA released draft guidance for industry (GFI) #263 that outlines the process for voluntarily bringing the remaining medically-important antimicrobial drugs to prescription only status. The expectation is for final guidance to be released in September 2020 with full implementation by September 2022. SDCA will submit comments on behalf of our members on GFI #263 by the December 24, 2019 deadline. Livestock Risk Management: As already noted, the challenging weather coupled with a sagging farm economy is heating up discussions about risk management for livestock producers. When I get calls on this topic, I usually ask the producer what they think a livestock risk management program should include and the answers I receive are many and varied – which is probably why we don’t have the same level of risk management options for livestock that crop producers enjoy. However, there are some risk management options and I expect we will have discussions in 2020 surrounding the stability and workability of futures and options markets, as well as current levels of negotiated trade, among other topics. If livestock producers are truly interested in creating additional risk management options for livestock, we need to reach consensus about how they might function and work together to implement new programs. As you can see, there are still compelling reasons for cattlemen and women to speak with a unified voice on issues impacting our industry. For up-to-date information about what’s happening at SDCA, download our app from the Apple or Google Play store or visit our website at www.sdcattlemen.org. Cattlemen’s Roundup
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Roundup Cattlemen’s BAKED ITALIAN MEATBALLS INGREDIENTS:
1 pound Ground Beef (90% to 95% lean)
1/4 cup seasoned dry bread crumbs
2 tablespoons water
1 teaspoon minced garlic
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/8 teaspoon pepper
Heat oven to 400°F. Combine Ground Beef, bread crumbs, egg, water, garlic, salt and pepper in large bowl, mixing lightly but thoroughly. Shape into twelve 2-inch meatballs. Place on rack in broiler pan that has been sprayed with cooking spray. Bake in 400°F oven 24 to 27 minutes.
Try this classic Italian meatball recipe baked in the oven.
Cook’s Tip: Cooking times are for fresh or thoroughly thawed Ground Beef. Ground Beef should be cooked to an internal temperature of 160°F. Color is not a reliable indicator of Ground Beef doneness. 2.
Serve with pasta sauce over hot cooked pasta or as sandwiches in crusty Italian rolls, if desired.
BEEF FRENCH DIP WITH AU JUS INGREDIENTS:
· 2-1/2 to 3-1/2 pounds beef Brisket · 2 tablespoons vegetable oil · 2 large sweet onions, cut into 1/4-inch slices · 2 cups reduced-sodium beef broth · 2 tablespoons reduced-sodium soy sauce · 1 package (1-1/4 ounces) dry onion soup mix · 1 teaspoon minced garlic · 8 to 10 French rolls, split, toasted COOKING:
1. Cut Brisket into 3 to 4 pieces. Heat oil in stockpot over medium heat until hot. Place beef brisket in stockpot; brown pieces evenly. Remove brisket from stockpot; set aside. 2. Add onions to stockpot; cook on low heat 18 to 22 minutes until lightly caramelized, stirring occasionally. Add broth, soy sauce, soup mix and garlic. Return brisket to stockpot; bring to a boil. Reduce heat; cover tightly and simmer 2-1/2 to 3 hours or until brisket is fork-tender. Cook’s Tip: Beef brisket can be cooked, covered, in an oven preheated to 325°F for 2-1/2 to 3 hours or until brisket is fork tender. 3. Remove brisket; keep warm. Skim fat from cooking liquid. Carve brisket against the grain into very thin slices. Divide brisket evenly among rolls. Close sandwiches. Cook’s Tip: After carving, beef can be returned to cooking liquid and kept warm over low heat until ready to serve, if desired. 4. Serve sandwiches with cooking liquid on the side for dipping.
Slow-cooked beef Brisket has never tasted so good. Sliced thin and stacked on a hoagie roll, you almost don’t need the au jus. Almost.
Cook’s Tip: You may top your sandwich with sautéed onions or sliced provolone or Swiss cheese.
December 6, 2019
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Improving Grass Production & Protecting Native Species with Mob Grazing S.D. Rancher Shares His Success Story By Kara Pugsley for the SD Soil Health Coalition
Grazing to maintain the health of native grasses is an important strategy for ranchers in South Dakota, and for Charlie Totton, learning how to manage his grasslands has been a key tool which has allowed him to improve the health of his soil and operation as a whole. Totton ranches in Brule County with his wife Tanya. Their seed stock/cow calf operation is located 8 miles north of Chamberlain, SD. They’ve been ranching there since the fall of 1997. With their ranch located just 3 miles west of the Missouri river – they have a total of 4,000 acres of land with variations between flat and steep areas. Totton has figured out how to use each type of land to his advantage. “Some of that poor land was a long way away from water, so we moved it into dormant season grazing when cows don’t need as much water in the cooler part of the year. We use the rough land for dormant grazing and the best land we utilize during the growing season. That does two things for us: we can get the most cows in the fewest acres, and vice versa, the most acres grow uninterrupted during the heart of the growing season.” Several years ago, Totton attended the South Dakota Grazing School, a workshop hosted by the SD Grassland Coalition. He has also hosted the workshop at his ranch. “Since I went to the grazing school, I went to much more intense grazing on our ranch,” he explains.
Mob Grazing: Allowing for Uninterrupted Growth of Grasslands Totton practices mob grazing on his ranch of 4,000 acres, a practice where he concentrates grazing during June, July and August on just 400 of his total acres. “That’s only 10% of our ranch, but during this time period it benefits the whole ranch by keeping the cows off of the majority of acres during the growing season. By bunching them up like that, we have a lot of grass that’s not getting interrupted – it’s growing at its highest potential.”
December 6, 2019
Totton ranches in Brule County with his wife Tanya. Their seed stock/ cow calf operation is located 8 miles north of Chamberlain, SD. They’ve been ranching there since the fall of 1997. Photo Courtesy of USDA-NRCS South Dakota
His definition of the term mob grazing is “if you move your cows at least once a day or more and you’re taking 75% of the forage off the land.” Totton does go out and move the fence every day, but he says it’s well worth the extra labor. “We have a lot more winter grazing because we use fewer acres in the summer time. I don’t have to put up as much hay.” Totton’s main priority has always been to protect the native species of grasses. “The reason we’re trying to protect the warm season species is that they are what get grazed out with season-long grazing,” he explains. “Your more productive warm season grasses will get shorter and shorter if you don’t manage them properly.” He rotates the cows through the pastures every 5 days in April and May to hold back the brome and blue grass. “If you hold back the cool season grasses, you have more moisture and nutrients for your warm season grasses.” Cattlemen’s Roundup
December 6, 2019
With their ranch located just 3 miles west of the Missouri river – they have a total of 4,000 acres of land with variations between flat and steep areas. Totton has figured out how to use each type of land to his advantage. Photo Courtesy of USDA-NRCS South Dakota
He mob grazes 400-acre segments and alternates where he is grazing every other year. “That way our plants get to rest one year and shoot seed heads, then we take them off, grazing the ground the next year.” Totton’s method works well for him, and he typically has 200 cows grazing 10 months out of the year. “No one else I know in my area grazes 10 months a year,” he said. “People have gotten to where they think they have to feed cows in the wintertime, and it’s just a habit. I believe it isn’t necessary.” “Before we started mob grazing, we’d put cows in the pasture for the whole summer, and what we found was the plants they grazed off first would try to regrow, and your little regrowth is like your ice cream. So, the cows would come back and re-graze the same spot rather than grazing the whole big pasture, to get the nutritious little regrowth or the ice-cream.”
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Better Grass Production, Water Infiltration and Wildlife Totton noticed differences in his grass production after he transitioned to mob grazing. “The experts will tell you that as far as mob grazing, you really want to eat or trample the majority of the plant to the ground to see if your nutrient cycle is efficiently working,” he explains. “If you trample it to the ground - your microorganisms are recycling it. Whereas if you leave it standing it oxidizes, and you’re letting carbon back in the air instead of sequestering the carbon into the soil.” Water infiltration was another big improvement for Totton’s soil. “There’s been a tremendous difference in infiltration year-round,” he explains. Managing the grass is the main way Charlie and Tanya have improved the water infiltration of their land compared to others in their area. Totton sees the difference every spring. “Typically, my neighbor’s dam is run over with water while mine will be low in the spring.” He’s also been able to cut back on chemicals as the mob grazing has helped control undesirable plants and weeds. He is able to do spot spraying now versus blanket spraying. “The problem with spraying pastures is you end up killing good plants along with the bad plants.” Since implementing mob grazing, Totton notes he’s seen an increase in wildlife, specifically more deer, pheasants and other birds. Having a good grazing rotation has helped him create a good habitat for wildlife. “If you want a good place to hunt, you have to have healthy grass – and the only way to accomplish that is to manage your grasslands.” Cattlemen’s Roundup
Cattlemen’s Roundup Bottom line, Totton says mob grazing has helped him work with nature and not against it. Proper grassland management is key to the overall soil health of any grazing operation and can provide for healthier cattle, increase infiltration and wildlife habitat, as well as production and protection of native grass species.
Choosing to Manage Your Grasslands In his experience, people always find excuses not to manage their land. Many of the excuses he’s heard are comments like, “the land is too rough,” or it’s “too far from water.” “Every place is manageable if you just put enough thought into it,” says Totton. “If you look at how rough my place is - we use the rough land for dormant grazing.” Talk to your local NRCS personnel, he encourages, “That’s what I started with, was talking to them.” To find out more or to attend the South Dakota Soil Health School or South Dakota Grazing School visit www.sdsoilhealthcoalition.org or www.sdgrass. org. A “Profiles In Soil Health” video featuring Charlie Totton can also be found at www.sdsoilhealthcoalition.org/videos.
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Since implementing mob grazing, Totton notes he’s seen an increase in wildlife, specifically more deer, pheasants and other birds. Having a good grazing rotation has helped him create a good habitat for wildlife. “If you want a good place to hunt, you have to have healthy grass – and the only way to accomplish that is to manage your grasslands.” Photo Courtesy of USDA-NRCS South Dakota
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December 6, 2019
Young people learn about finishing cattle from real experience By Connie Sieh Groop Special to the Farm Forum
How do you get experience in running a feedlot? The South Dakota Cattlemen’s Foundation came up with an intense program for young people involving real experiences in finishing cattle. Tyler Melroe of Britton said that the group developed the South Dakota Fed Cattle Challenge to provide an opportunity for young people to learn about the business of feeding cattle. They worked with the Winner Circle Feedyard to help youth learn the science and economics of finishing cattle. “Part of the goal of the Cattlemen’s Foundation includes educational opportunities, not just through our scholarship program, but also to develop the next generation of feedlot managers and owners. In our state, as we look at continued rural development, cattle feeding
can be a significant part of that if we have people who understand how to do it well and be a good steward and community partner,” said Ryan Eichler, President of the South Dakota Cattlemen’s Foundation. Young people from 14 to 18 years old signed up to take on the challenge where they put money on the table to purchase 30 percent of three head of cattle and work with the feed yard to manage those cattle. Now in the second year, nearly 40 youth have participated. Melroe said the goal is to have a positive experience for the young people, while exposing them to the realities feeding cattle. “This provides an introduction to feedlot management and also exposes kids to what’s involved in investing in the fed cattle industry. As a group, they learn the important parts of the beef industry, investing real money while limiting risk.” The students take part in on-line
learning exercises throughout the coming spring and will get to calculate a closeout based on invoices for their animals. Participants receive videos on 12 topics related to feeding cattle. The topics cover a curriculum that chronologically details the process of starting and finishing cattle, developed by industry experts. Winner Circle Feedyard purchases, houses, feeds and vaccinates the participant’s cattle through harvest. The Feedyard finances the remaining value of the cattle as well as the feed, yardage, hedging and veterinary/medical costs. Each billing period, the feedyard pays the costs until they sell the cattle. Participants will use information from the feed yard, purchase price, care costs, weight and carcass value to calculate closeout costs. Once the harvest is completed around the beginning of February, the participants hope to view the carcass in the cooler while the USDA grader evaluates. Presentations will be February 17, 2020. The program will award the top three participants cash prizes. At the end of the Challenge, they will divide proceeds from the cattle among the owners of the cattle and the number of cattle they own in this project, minus the divided costs. Participant profit = Sale price – calf purchase price – costs.
December 6, 2019
“Those at the Winner Circle Feedlot are outstanding partners for us and really make this program work,” Melroe said. “While most of the experience is remote, the young people were welcome to tour the Winner feedlot to see the cattle and feedlot and learn about the operation.” There are not as many small family feedlots anymore so this lets the young people know what to expect and how decisions are made. Some may go to a tech school for more training while others may decide that a 4-year degree in animal science or business management is needed as they find their place in the cattle industry. Melroe said, “I think it’s a really unique program and a great way to provide training. There is not enough exposure in the state to the work and risk in the fed cattle industry. It’s a great opportunity, no matter what the background is of the individual. We’re pretty proud of the program and want to make it better and better so it will grow.” SD-765261-1
December 6, 2019
Advertiser Index Ag Plus Farm & Ranch Supply.........104
The Hay Manager..............................93
Philip Livestock Auction..................101
Automated Waste Systems LLC........46
Hepper’s Sports Center......................64
Pritchett Twine & Net Wrap LLC.....105
Bata Brothers/Bell Family.................56
Herreid Livestock Auction, Inc........101
R Lazy B Ranch............................73, 58
Baxter Angus Farm.............................23
Ranchers Livestock Equipment.........71
Beck Law Office and Realty..............104
Hilltop Angus Farm...........................57
Real Manufacturing Livestock Equip..98
Belle Fourche Livestock Market......101
Real Tuff Livestock Equipment..........24
Bieber Red Angus Ranch................3, 59
Hipke Welding, Inc..............................67
Reaves Building Systems...................91
Big Rok Angus.............................54, 59
Hojer Ranch..................................53, 59
Rock Tuff Sales & Rentals...................9
Black Hills Stock Show & Rodeo........63
Hub City Livestock Auction, Inc..75, 101
Rohrich’s Cutting Edge Ranch....79, 56
Bush Angus...................................43, 58
Roger Rossow Livestock LLC...........101
C-B Charolais.................................13, 60
Jallo Angus Ranch..............................56
Rossow Angus Ranch.........................60
Jason Bartels Livestock....................101
Chimney Butte Ranch..................33, 59
Rural Mfg. Co., Inc........................21, 77
Common Sense Manufacturing, Inc...49
Keller’s Broken Heart Ranch.............59
Rush River Steel & Trim....................83
Conover Auction Service...................55
Ken’s Super Fair Foods.......................81
Sandmeier Charolais....................37, 59
Crawford Trucks & Equipment, Inc....50
Dakotaland Feeds, Inc.......................17
King Insurance Agency......................30
Schmig Simmental Ranch.................47
Kist Livestock Auction....................101
SD Charolais Breeder Association...111
Double J Farms...................................56
SD Red Angus Association............4, 55
Koupal Angus................................69, 57
Sioux Nation Ag Center......................86
605 Sires + Donors..............................39
Thorstenson’s Lazy TV Ranch....112, 59
Specialty Trailer Sales & Service.......45
Elston Manufacturing Inc..................66
Livestock Sale Calendar................14-15
Fair Manufacturing, Inc......................31
MacDonald Ranches....................35, 60
Sunderman Mfg. Co...........................32
Faith Livestock Auction....................101
Thorstenson Hereford Ranch............61
Farm Credit Services of America........44
Midwest Ag Supply & Vet Service.....30
Feiring Angus Ranch..........................61
Miller Angus Farm.......................41, 60
Ulmer Land and Cattle Genetics.......55
The Fine Twine Co..............................76
Miller Farm Loaders.............................2
Vedvei Charolais Ranch.....................55
Mitzel & Sons.....................................25
Forster Red Angus..............................57
Moore Angus................................95, 58
Voss Angus..................................103, 58
Gant Polled Herefords & Angus........57
Nathan Palm Angus......................19, 57
Geyer Cattle Company.......................60
Weber Charolais & Red Angus Farm..61
Goldies Trailer Sales........................109
Nelson Red Angus..............................60
Wilkinson Ranch........................107, 57
Gustin’s Diamond D Gelbvieh...........58
ND Gelbvieh Association...................11
Oakwater Ranch/Rocking Arrow......61
Hart Angus Farms...............................58
Ohlde Cattle Co..................................61
December 6, 2019
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December 6, 2019
Cattlemen’s Roundup www.farmforum.net P.O. Box 4430 • 124 S. Second St. CHRISTY ORWIG Aberdeen, SD Advertising Director
p: 605-622-2250 e: firstname.lastname@example.org
Serving Central & Eastern ND & Western & Central MN p: 605-460-0819 e: email@example.com
Inside Sales, Auctions, Serving Aberdeen Area Livestock, Retail p: 605-622-2267 p: 605-622-2223 e: firstname.lastname@example.org e: email@example.com
Serving Northern ND, MT & Canada p: 701-240-1326 e: firstname.lastname@example.org
Advertising Account Specialist and Digital Media p: 605-730-1870 e: email@example.com
Serving Northeast SD Western MN Southeast ND p: 605-622-2226 e: firstname.lastname@example.org
Serving Northeast SD p: 605-622-2276 e: email@example.com
Farm Forum Sales Manager p: 605-622-2257 e: firstname.lastname@example.org
Serving Northern ND, MT & Canada p: 701-838-7076 e: email@example.com
Serving Aberdeen Area p: 605-622-2259 e: firstname.lastname@example.org
Inside Sales, Auctions, Livestock, Retail p: 605-622-2274 e: email@example.com
Serving Southeast SD, Northwest IA & Northeast NE p: 605-261-5909 e: firstname.lastname@example.org
Serving Aberdeen Area p: 605-622-2273 e: email@example.com
American News Sales Mgr p: 605-622-2252 e: firstname.lastname@example.org
Serving Aberdeen & Central SD p: 605-622-2249 e: email@example.com
“GOING GREEN SINCE 1966”
December 6, 2019
Roundup Cattlemen’s POUNDS PAY. Don’t be led astray...use Charolais!
Upcoming Charolais Events: January 23rd - Show 8:00 am Sale 12:30 pm Sioux Empire Farm Show February 4th - Show 10:00 am Sale 1:00 pm Black Hills Stock Show
South Dakota Charolais Breeders Association
February 12th - Show 9:00 am Sale 12:30 pm Watertown Winter Farm Show
Visit us online at
www.sdcharolais.com Contact one of these Charolais Breeders Bertsche Cattle
Brandon, Sasha, Briggston and Bevin Bertsche PO Box 343 Onida, SD 57564 815/867-0547
Driscoll Cattle Co.
21359 427th Ave. DeSmet, SD 57231 605/854-0126 firstname.lastname@example.org
Dennis & Marilyn Eggleston 37964 213th St. Wessington, SD 57381v
Eggleston’s Charolais Ranch Jamie Eggleston 21130 379nd Ave Wessington, SD 57381 605/883-4602 email@example.com
Geyer Cattle Company
Sam, Connie and Doug 522 Hwy 25 S De Smet, SD 57231 605/854-3400 605/860-2081
Jensen Charolais Farm
Scott & Kim Jensen 20379 441st Ave Lake Preston, SD 57249 605/847-4755 firstname.lastname@example.org
Shane & Angela Johnson 20570 466th Ave. Bruce, SD 57220 605/627-5239
402 Ashley Ave Volga, SD 57071 605/690-0680
405 Samara Ave. Volga, SD 57071 605/627-5229 Leddy Cattle Donnie & Krecia Leddy 15635 472nd Ave Stockholm, SD 57264-6107 605/676-2592
Sandmeier Charolais Gary Sandmeier Box 125 Bowdle, SD 57428 605/285-6766
39120 292nd St. Wagner, SD 57380 605/384-3300 or 384-3829
Adam & Chelsea Odden 35147 163rd St Faulkton, SD 57438 605/203-1229 20291 Green Valley Road Ree Heights, SD 57371
Dean & Susi Odden
20361 Green Valley Road Ree Heights, SD 57371 605/870-0885 email@example.com
Plucker Charolais Joseph Plucker 45678 275th St. Parker, SD 57053 Joseph 605/750-0478 Kay 605/750-0235
Prairie Valley Farm Inc. David Mason 36324 SD Hwy 44 Platte, SD 57369 605/680-0780
Mike, Barb, Ryan or Kim Bergh
Stewart Charolais 44438 202nd St. Lake Preston, SD 57249 507/215-1470
Les & Marcia Lindskov Brent & Nancy Thiel PO Box 37 Isabel, SD 57633 605/466-2392 firstname.lastname@example.org
560 County Rd G.S.W. Conde, SD 57434 605/460-0031
Tim & Ree Reich 1007 Kingsbury Belle Fourche, SD 57717 605/892-4366
Rocking Heart Ranch
BJ & Katie Hansen 39804 163rd St. Turton, SD 57477 605/635-6346
Marvin, Anita & Paul Hanson Crow Timber Charolais 17053 482nd Ave Revillo, SD 57259-5207 605/623-4257
J & M Ranch
Jerod & Melanie Olson 20629 443rd Ave Lake Preston, SD 57249 605/860-2080
40755 166th St. Doland, SD 57436 605/460-0784
Odden Charolais Ranch
Brian, Janna, Adam, Ethanie & Andrew Odden 32358 301st St Colome, SD 57528 605/842-1185
RBM Livestock 44115 - 115th St Florence, SD 57235
Lewis or Katrina Reuer 13222 323rd Ave Bowdle, SD 57428 605/285-6224
Sandmeier Charolais Calvin Sandmeier 13123 322nd Ave. Bowdle, SD 57428 605/285-6179
13123 322nd Ave Bowdle, SD 57428
Kyle & Denae Stern 16782 432nd Ave Garden City, SD 57236 605/532-4222
Jeff & Linda Stewart 44399 207th St. Lake Preston, SD 57249 605/847-4836
Jerry Stout 21804 SD Hwy 248 Kadoka, SD 57543 605/859-2023 email@example.com
Troy & VeaBea Thomas 18475 Capri Road Harrold, SD 57536 605/973-2448
Lee Van Der Werff 38737 280th St. Armour, SD 57313 605/724-2274
Weber Charolais Ranch
Jason Wells 15425 419th Ave Conde, SD 57434 605/881-7824
Richard or Heather Wells 15446 419th Ave Conde, SD 57434 605/784-3409
Arnold & Carol Wienk 530 Cardinal Drive Circle Brookings, SD 57006
Jeff & Jody Eschenbaum 20585 441st Ave Lake Preston, SD 57249 605/860-0505
Sterling Eschenbaum 44210 205th St. Lake Preston, SD 57249 605/203-0137
Brooks Van Dyke
48603 213th St. Elkton, SD 57026 605/542-8501
Ty Eschenbaum 268 S Lake Dr Arlington, SD 57212 605/203-1082
Vedvei Charolais Ranch
Alan & Deb Vedvei 44213 204th St. Lake Preston, SD 57249 605/847-4529 firstname.lastname@example.org
Watje Cattle Co
14302 414th Ave Andover, SD 57422-5404 712/330-6166
22144 US Hwy 14 Elkton, SD 57026 605/542-2075
Zemlicka Charolais Ranch 46309 161th St. Watertown, SD 57201 Cell 605/880-4007 Home 605/886-3157
December 6, 2019
December 6, 2019
Enjoy our 35th Annual Cattlemen's Roundup published by the Farm Forum where we cover current topics, innovative ideas, upcoming sale calenda...
Published on Dec 4, 2019
Enjoy our 35th Annual Cattlemen's Roundup published by the Farm Forum where we cover current topics, innovative ideas, upcoming sale calenda...