Page 1

Four Areas of Development: Preschool to School-Age CHILD DEVELOPME NT


Preschool Years Children during the preschool age (three to six years of age) are exploring a wide range of emotions.

Cop igh

Te a Ed ca ion Agenc , 2013. A igh ll

e e ed.


Physical Development of Preschoolers They are better able to control wrist and finger movements as they practice fine motor skills: • Cut with scissors • Scribble with large • Crayons and pencils

Cop igh

Gross motor skills improve as large muscles mature • Run • Jump • Hop • Walk on tiptoe • Ride a tricycle • Skip rope • Catch ball

Te a Ed ca ion Agenc , 2013. A igh ll

e e ed.


Role of Play in Growth and Development of the Preschool Child 

Playing for children is learning.

They learn from coming in contact with objects, people, and events.

While children play, they explore the world around them through various types of play such as cooperative, dramatic, and manipulative. Cop igh

Te a Ed ca ion Agenc , 2013. A igh ll

e e ed.


Indoor Activity Centers  Art

 Manipulative Play

 Blocks

 Math

 Computer,  

Science Dramatic Play Language Arts

Cop igh

 Music  Quiet Time

Te a Ed ca ion Agenc , 2013. A igh ll

e e ed.


Outdoor Learning Centers  Wheel Toys

Sand and Water

 Climbing

Swinging

 Quiet Time

Ball Games

 Swing Sets

Cop igh

Te a Ed ca ion Agenc , 2013. A igh ll

e e ed.


Activities for Meeting Developmental Needs  Vigorous physical    

exercise Reading development Communication Listening skills Self-reliance

Cop igh

Te a Ed ca ion Agenc , 2013. A igh ll

e e ed.


Growth and Development of the School-Age Child

ď‚— Varies significantly

between children during this period ď‚— Proportionally children

look more like small adults

Cop igh

Te a Ed ca ion Agenc , 2013. A igh ll

e e ed.


Motor Development of School-age Children  During these middle

   

Cop igh

years, children gain: Quickness Balance Speed Power

Te a Ed ca ion Agenc , 2013. A igh ll

e e ed.


Appropriate Development Activities for SchoolAge Children Learning to see things from the viewpoint of others  Using deductive and inductive reasoning  Noting transformations  Focusing on more than one part 

Cop igh

Te a Ed ca ion Agenc , 2013. A igh ll

e e ed.


Developmental Tasks Developmental tasks take place at an individual rate. Each child is unique and proceeds at their own unique pace.

Cop igh

Te a Ed ca ion Agenc , 2013. A igh ll

e e ed.


Developmental Tasks Age of Child Three to Seven Years

Developmental Tasks

• To learn to distinguish

Indicators Related to Developmental Lag Excessive fears

between reality and fantasy Extreme separation anxiety • To become comfortable h w ti

own sexual identity

Bedwetting Shyness

Cop igh

Te a Ed ca ion Agenc , 2013. A igh ll

e e ed.


Developmental Tasks 17

Age of Child Seven to Eight Years

Developmental Tasks

• To develop a sense of

accomplishment

Indicators Related to Developmental Lag • Excessive concerns about

competition and performance, especially in school

• To develop and test u vesal and

beliefs

• Extreme rebellion • Teasing • Whining • Headaches

Cop igh

Te a Ed ca ion Agenc , 2013. A igh ll

e e ed.


Developmental Tasks 18

Age of Child

Developmental Tasks

• To develop a sense of Eight to Eleven Years accomplishment

Indicators Related to Developmental Lag • Social isolation • Lack of friends n d a

• To develop and test u vea sl and

involvements

beliefs • Few interests • Inappropriateon iap h tserlsi with "older"

people, e.g., teenagers • Stealing

Cop igh

Te a Ed ca ion Agenc , 2013. A igh ll

e e ed.


Developmental Tasks 19

Age of Child

Developmental Tasks

• To develop a sense of Eleven to Twelve Years accomplishment

Indicators Related to Developmental Lag • Overdependence on

caregivers for age-appropriate tasks

• To develop and test u vesal and

beliefs

• Pathological lying

• To come to terms with n d a

• Bedwetting

accept body changes • Fire-setting

Cop igh

Te a Ed ca ion Agenc , 2013. A igh ll

e e ed.


Nutritious Snacks and Meals Offer a variety of foods Monitor portion size Maintain balance and control of all of the essential nutrients

Cop igh

Te a Ed ca ion Agenc , 2013. A igh ll

e e ed.

Four areas of development preschool to school age abc  

There are four areas of development. Get to know about them in brief. ABC Montessori the fastest growing International preschool in Rajouri...

Four areas of development preschool to school age abc  

There are four areas of development. Get to know about them in brief. ABC Montessori the fastest growing International preschool in Rajouri...

Advertisement