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PHOENIX ABAGAIL LEEPIN

INTERIOR ARCHITECTURE & DESIGN THESIS SPRING 2018

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ABAGAIL LEEPIN

RETROFIT “THE MILLER” AVE LIBRARY HISTORIC OAKLAND LANDMARK SINCE 1980 COMMUNITY CENTER | BOXING CLUB OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA

INTERIOR ARCHITECTURE & DESIGN NEWSCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE & DESIGN SPRING 2018

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THANK

YOU


To my professors, for giving me the knowledge and skills to create my thesis.

To my family, for all the love, support and encouragement.

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“I have always nurtured the dream and hope that with the PRICK of a needle, diseases may be CURED. The notion of RESTORING the vital signs of an AILING SPOT with a simple HEALING TOUCH has everything to do with REVITALIZING not only that specific place, but also the entire area that SURROUNDS it.” Jamie Lerner, Urban Acupuncture

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PHOENIX


The Phoenix project will establish a site of urban acupuncture through renovation, with an emphasis on interior architecture. The site is located in East Oakland, an area notorious for high levels for poverty, violence and gang affiliated crimes. In February 2018, A fire swept through the neglected, historic library. The Phoenix project plans for total revitalization, providing the community with a center committed to helping disadvantaged youth reach their greatest potential. A virtuous cycle is implemented through the program, combining fitness through boxing, nutritious meals made within a full service kitchen, community learning with co-working spaces, and proper light and ventilation throughout the space. The drivers to fulfill platinum LEED are specifying local materials, improving indoor air quality, optimizing the energy usage, water conservation, and utilizing the entire site. The main design objectives are to optimize light and ventilation throughout the space by creating a “lighthouse of the community”, central light-well with a cooling tower, as well as rescuing the basement by excavating the area around it. Phoenix feels like “a factory of dreams”, with a casual, industrial style throughout, allowing wear and tear to the equipment and interior furnishings. The minimal industrial style and program, focused on boxing, nutrition and hygiene, is easily adaptable and cost efficient. With many cities facing similar issues as Oakland, Phoenix is designed to be a prototype as a foundation to help disadvantaged youth through revitalizing a vacant building.

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INDEX

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RESEARCH 12- 33

2

DEVELOPMENT 34- 45


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PROJECT 46-93

4

OPERATION SCHEME 94-99

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12-31


RESEARCH

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THE MILLER LIBRARY Established in 1918 Oaktree Neighborhood Oakland, California


In 1918, The Miller Library was

Once a location for learning and

built as one of four Carnegie fund-

reading, was now a place for

ed libraries in the City of Oakland.

drug dealing, prostitution and

Despite being designated as a his-

arson. Consequently, a fire swept

toric landmark, the library shut it’s

through the library in February

doors in 1990 due to unfulfilled

2018, causing great damage to

seismic upgrades. The vacant li-

the Spanish-Revival style library.

brary became an ailing spot in the Oak Tree neighborhood as a magnet for crime.

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17


1920

1990


THE MILLER

THROUGHOUT A CENTURY

2000

2018

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21


URBAN ACCUPUNTURE


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URBAN ACCUPUNTURE


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WHY “THE MILLER” ?


The vacant site has been a magnet for crime, including breaking and entering, drug dealing, prostitution and arson. The site is currently a “disease� in the susceptible neighborhood of Oak Tree. The community has made multiple attempts to get the City of Oakland to notice the dire need of "The Miller". After a fire, caused by arson, in February 2018, the library is in need of total reconstruction. The Phoenix project plans to honor "the miller" while brining the community a sustainable center that will be a catalyst for the bright future of Oak Tree.

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CRIME LEVELS HIGH

LOW


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TYPOLOGY BOXING GYM


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WHY BOXING? GIVES YOUTH A PLACE TO

TEACHES SELF

BELONG, ESTABLISHING

DISCIPLINE,

A SENSE OF WORTH AND COMMUNITY MINDSET


A WAY TO TAKE OUT AGGRESSION AND INNOVATION AND COURAGE

NEGATIVE ENERGY IN A SAFE AND POSITIVE ENVIRONMENT

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34-45


DEVELOPMENT

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DESIGN OBJECTIVES


Seismic upgrades ADA requirements

Maximize natural light throughout the space Fully accessible, lighted and ventilated basement

LEED Platinum: Maximize sustainability of structure & surrounding site Integrate indoor/outdoor by adding a program in the outdoor space

Operation scheme through smart platforms, corporations and non-profits 37


COMMUNITY

HEALTH EDUCATION

BOXING

VIRTUOUS CYCLE

LEARNING & TEACHING

HYGIENE


SOCIAL INNOVATION Establishing a site of urban acupuncture as an igniter in a low-income neighborhood

Helping disadvantaged youth to reach their greatest potential Concentrating on positive outlets to improve physical and mental health Catalyzing further development of the community

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1

2

3


LIGHT HOUSE OF THE COMMUNITY 1. Skylight and cooling tower 2. Central staircase 3. Excavated area around basement

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EXISTING STRUCTURE

SITE 20,000 LEVEL 0 5,800 LEVEL -1 5,600

FRONT ELEVATION


UPDATED STRUCTURE SITE 20,000 LEVEL 0 6,800 LEVEL -1 6,500

FRONT ELEVATION

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Excavated around basement to bring in light and ventilation

PASSIVE SYSTEMS


Cooling tower with louvers and fans for ventilation

Horizontal window openings for maximum air flow

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46 - 93


PROJECT

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PROJECT INDEX


Level 0 a. Entry b. Boxing c. Kitchen Outdoor Level -1 d. Corridors e. Studio f. Locker rooms

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CIRCULATION

FLOOR 0

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53


GYM & BOXING FLOOR 0

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57


59


GYM


61


SERVICING AREAS FLOOR 0

63


65


KITCHEN


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CORRIDORS FLOOR 0

69


71


OUTDOOR FLOOR -1

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75


CIRCULATION

FLOOR -1

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CORRIDORS FLOOR -1

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81


83


CORRIDORS


85


87


SERVICING AREAS

FLOOR -1

89


91


LOCKER ROOMS


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94 - 99

OPER


RATION SCHEME

95


97


99


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Phoenix | Thesis Book  

An Interior Architecture & Design thesis focused on Urban Acupuncture through the restoration of an abandoned library into a community cente...

Phoenix | Thesis Book  

An Interior Architecture & Design thesis focused on Urban Acupuncture through the restoration of an abandoned library into a community cente...

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