KEEPSAKE MEMORIES ALZHEIMERS DAY CENTRE FOR PATIENTS & LOVED ONES.
ZONAL REQUIREMENTS DESIGN METHODS PRECEDENTS RESEARCH FINDINGS
BRIEF & RESEARCH FINDINGS A day centre for Alzheimer patients and their families. Using a mix of technology and design that aims to create a supportive experience that considers the social, physical and environmental client needs. The design looks to spark curiosity and engagement in clients while improving quality of life for all users.
Social & Physical Activities
Dementia Friendly Environment
â€œSocial interaction and activities are one of the best defences against dementia and functional decline. It can also prevent - Better Living Author (2019) depression and social isolation.â€?
RESEARCH FINDINGS & ZONAL REQUIREMENTS They can’t accommodate different activities in one space they need separate areas. Sensory room, games room, a quiet room and art room. Somewhere to just read books and no noise. - Response 15 (Questionnaire)
“There needs to be various lounges offering different activities. A quiet lounge where somebody can go listen to music with no distractions. A TV lounge where they can watch TV. A communal lounge where people can mix. A games lounge”.- Mental Health Nurse (Interview)
OBSERVATORY RESEARCH: Floor plan of Holme House Care Home. Comparing the layout of the space when the residents were taking part in activities (Fig. 2) as oppose to no distractions. (Fig. 1)
KITCHENETTE FIGURE 1
DESIGN METHODS FOR A DEMENTIA FRIENDLY ENVIRONMENT COLOUR & CONTRAST Colour contrast needs to be used between furniture, flooring and walls to help people with dementia be aware of their surroundings as their visibility decreases.
Yellow / Red / OrangeStimulating colours that can improve cognitive function. Blue / Purple / GreenCool colours have a calming and restful effect.
LIGHTING Only one source of light results in pooled lighting, shadows and glare. This can interfere with visibility as it can create false illusions and issues with depth perception. It needs to be evenly distributed.
DESIGN METHODS FOR A DEMENTIA FRIENDLY ENVIRONMENT MATERIALS (WALLS AND FLOORS) Matierials can create a non-institutional feel within the environment. By avoiding Patterns, reflective materials and consistency in flooring it will minimize glare and promote movement without confusion.
Vinyl Wood Floors.
Wood strip walls.
Grey & white Carpets.
ACOUSTICS By using a combination sound absorbent materials and sound diffusion system technologies it will reduce noise and enhance the ability to communicate within the space.
Internal Partitions & Screens.
DESIGN METHODS FOR A DEMENTIA FRIENDLY ENVIRONMENT WAY-FINDING An integrated system of navigation that enables individuals to find their way with increased ease and independence reducing anxiety and the risk of getting disorientated.
Signage with colour contrast.
Landmarks & Words.
Open Plan, visual access to whole space (No corridors) .
FURNITURE Seating areas for both small and large groups with visual access to other areas in the space. Designed to accommodate the reduced mobility of Alzheimer sufferers. Providing comfort and sound absorption.
Range of Seating for visual access to other areas.
Seperate Dining Area.
Soft & Comfortable Furniture.
POOR DESIGNS OF DEMENTIA FRIENDLY SPACES
Reflective table tops cause confusion.
No soft furnishing to absorb sound or provide comfort.
Direct spotlights that cause shadows & dark spaces.
No contrast in colour between floor and furniture.
No wheelchair access.
Hard & Dark surfaces results in noisy space.
Task lighting added to reduce glare.
Wood surfaces to deaden the acoustics and create contrast.
Large glass fridge so food/drink more visible.
POOR DESIGNS OF DEMENTIA FRIENDLY SPACES
No seating arrangements for social interaction or engagement.
Small space. Not suitable for visitors such as family and friends of the patients.
Corridors with institutional character which can interfere with orientation.
All activities in one space, no seperate areas to support resident/patient choices and interaction.
No contrast in materials or colour. Also too many patterns which may cause aggitation.
Change in flooring surface can cause confusion and be perceived as a step.
Yiyuan Service Centre for the Elderly (2018) https://www.archdaily.com/914158/yiyuan-service-centre-for-the-elderly-shanghai-tianhua-architectural-design-star-beijing-branch?ad_source=search&ad_medium=search_result_all
“In addition to the use of appropriate colour tones and sufficient sunshine to create a good visual sense, in order to better meet the needs of aging, designers also introduced a comprehensive, rich detail designs.” - Han Shuang (2018) “Through the extensive use of wood colour and warm colour system, it creates a mild spatial character. Combining with all the warm solid wood furniture with chamfered corner design, it makes the whole space warm, elegant, gentle and moving”. - Han Shuang (2018)
Panorama Retirement Home -Montreal (2019) https://www.dezeen.com/2019/08/26/panorama-acdf-architecture-retirement-home-quebec-canada/
"We wanted to avoid the trap of institutional designs and, with Panorama, we have built a warm and welcoming environment for autonomous, sophisticated seniors" "As opposed to traditional institutional layouts, Panoramaâ€™s care unit features a looped circuit that allows for perpetual forward movement, as opposed to the finality of dead-end linear corridors.â€? - ACDF Architecture (2019)