EGYPTIAN GODS I
â€˘ In Heliopolis, Nun is the personification of the primordial water abyss. Its qualities were infinity, darkness and turbulence of tempestuous waters. It personified Chaos, and extended to the Greek cosmic sense it personified the ocean. Myth dictates that Nun continued to exist in subterraneous waters and was the origin of the Nile. It is a â€œpoint of departureâ€? God for all cosmogonies; the heliopolitan cosmogony believed that Atum lied inert in Nun. Ra also rose from Nun on the first day of creation and then all life as well. It is represented sometimes as holding the divine solar vessel in the air.
Shu: Air Tefnut: Space Geb: Earth Nut: Sky
Greenfield Papyrus XXI Dynasty: Shu and two divinities pick up Nut above Geb
Atum Originally the god of Earth. He is â€œHe who exists for himselfâ€?. Primordial god and creator according to Helipolitan doctrine. He substituted the Imy-Uaf serpent to generate the creation and will return in the form of a serpent in the end of times.
Ra God which represents the sun at mid-day in its maximum splendor. In the first day it was the most important figure in the Under World. It was said that by night it travelled in the form of Auf-Ra the hiding sun.
Am贸n Ra The Sun Lord of all doors Wife: Mut Son: Khonsu
Hathor Carries the Ankh Key “The house of Horus” The Cosmic Cow who gestates life.
Isis, Osiris, Horus
Osiris Father of Horus and husband of Isis. Direct ancestor of royalty. Spirit of vegetation and before all god of resurrection. Represents everything which is born again, but above all the Nile. Regeneration and fertility. God of the flood that brings victory to the black earth.
Isis Her name in Egyptian is Ast. She was primitively considered a goddess-sky original from Behbet-el Hagar, in the Delta. She carried a throne (ast) over her head and was the personification of the throne. Queen of gods, recuperated and embalmed of Osiris body. Protector of the child Horus until he was able to battle for his patrimony. Her dwelling in the sky was the star Sothis (Syrus) in the Orion constellation (associated with Osiris). She was also known as IsisSothis. She was opposite to Neftis her dark sister. She was goddess of maternity and birth.
Isis-hathor in a tomb at Horemheb 1319-1292
Horus resuscitator of Osiris. Symbol of he who battles against his own
Horus Ptolemaic child (Hippocrates)
Horus Temple Edfu with a double crown. Ptolemaic age
Neftis Goddess of Dióspolis Parva. Represents darkness and everything related to it. Neftis represents the invisible aspect, the night and life as a passage to another life. She is the opposite of Isis and yet they are associated in an inseparable way. They usually act in conjunction in everything that has to do with the wellbeing of someone who has died. They assist the dead in their passage ‘beyond’ with chants.
Neith Goddess called Tehenut, â€œthe Libyan". Cult to Neith is pre-dynastic. Goddess of war and hunting but also goddess of wisdom. During pre-dynastic period she had the form of a scarab and later her attributes were represented wit an arc and two crossed arrows over a shield. She also has been represented with an owl in her right hand and spear in the left hand.
Selket Ancient goddess of scorpions and magic. She symbolized the embracing heat of the sun. Her role was fundamentally benefic and she protected from venomous serpent or scorpion bites. Her priests were medicine men and magicians dedicated to curing those bitten by poisonous animals.
Description of some of the gods from the egyptian pantheon.