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Contents Exploration

1. Social Living

Affordable Mass Housing

2. Urban Intervention Art and Culture Centre

3. Micro Institution Anganwadi

Enquiry

4. Community Living

Co-existence of Builtform and Community

5. Drawing Inferences

Related Study Programme

Experience

6. Professional Internship Cadence Architects

7. Architecture reveals Community Berkeley Essay Competition


1. Social Living Affordable Mass Housing at Rajkot A place to call as home The program was to re-design housing for economically weaker section of the society in the city of Rajkot with density of 1400 people per hectare on a site of 1.7 hectare which had middle income group housing colonies, educational institutes and a public park adjacent to it. The design evolved as linear arrangement of houses to share resources and services to make it economically feasible. The form evolved as linear masses arranged in angles to create different scales of common open spaces in centre for the people. Another aspect of the design was to develop it as a vertical neighbourhood by creating open spaces for each dwelling in all floors to provide the much needed interface between the built and open as it is a necessity for Indian lifestyles and provides the opportunity to connect with the neighbours and outside environment and create a lively atmosphere. The design had three sizes of dwellings according to family size, occupation and needs, 45sqm dwellings with shops on ground floor, 35sqm dwellings and 25sqm dwellings with possibility to increment on upper floors with personal open spaces for each dwelling.

Linear arrangement of built masses

Different scales of open spaces


Attaining required density

Creating vertical neighbourhood through terraces


Ground Floor Plan

Vehicular Pedestrian Connecting spine

Movement/Circulation/Connection

Shared open space Built

Services/Plumbing/Structure


0m

Toilets/Wet areas

Built v/s Open/ Linear arrangement

10m

Connection of open spaces Built


Section AA’

Process of development of open spaces


Site model with proposed massing


Stacked Floor plans depicting the open spaces at all levels creating vertical neighbourhood


View depicting the vertical neighbourhood created by visually connected open spaces at different levels allowing social life to prevail.


Typical part section showing the staggering of modules and the open spaces at all floor levels. The corridors are detached to provide privacy from the movements of the people passing by.


Fourth Floor 3 module types

Third Floor 4 module types

Second Floor 3 module types

First Floor 2 module types

Ground Floor 1 module type-with shop

The module of eight dwellings is repeated in linear arrangement along the corridor, which is doubly loaded at certain places. The modules of different sizes and internal layout are designed to cater to needs of different family sizes.


2. Urban Intervention Art and Culture Centre at Raipur An urban platform to celebrate the heritage of the state The project seeks to promote unique identity and polyvalence of the art and culture of Chhattisgarh state and develop spaces for public to know about their tribal art and culture. Project is to design a art and culture centre in Raipur. This centre would be a place for people of all age groups; a platform for exchange of ideas and use of new technology; a platform for the artisans to teach and learn and source of livelihood for them. The whole project would be assembly of the four sects in which the art and culture of the state now dwell, the art museums and galleries to display, the art halls for workshops and seminars to promote, the designing and production unit and the market place. This centre will also provide a developed public place for the city, where people can come and know about the arts and crafts of the state and be a part of celebration of the tribal traditionally festivals and events.


Raipur,the capital of Chhattisgarh, is a fast developing city, which in its planning aims to promote the art and cultural heritage of the city. Raipur being capital and also better platform for trade and economy was the best city to design this centre.

Map of Chhattisgarh showing the districts Chhattisgarh is a state rich in its cultural traditions and art forms. The tribal arts and crafts of the state are spread throughout the state, mainly is Bastar, Raigarh, Kondagaon, Sarguja, Kanker, Dantewada districts. Map of Raipur city

Landuse plan of region near EAC Colony

Dhokra Art

Painted clay relief

In the dense fabric of Raipur city with need of public open spaces and recreational space, 2 hectare of land is allotted to be developed as cultural hub in the redevelopment plan for EAC colony. In the proximity of site are located District court, CM house, Speaker house, Railway station, Bus stand, Pandri market.

Bell Metal Casting

Wood Carving

Basketry


The proposed site by government has it parts lying on two major roads- Canal Linking Road and Gaurav Path.

Public Interface

Extended Public Interface

The site on Canal Linking Road has extended public interface.

The site has lot of trees and level difference of 4m. Both this factors became the main guiding force for design.


Space/Activity relationship The relatiosnhip between the four major activites and its subset spaces is established with the nature of spaces and its connectivity and access required. The planning at site level and location of the activities further developed from this relationships established.

Concept - To create central core space with all spaces converging to it. This space would symbolize the union of four sects of states tribal art and craft.

Direct access Directly adjacent Visually connected Noise levels Public access

Zoning/Usage Design space Central core

Market space Display space

Promotion space Public interface


Roof Plan

Organizing principle - Notion of central core | Four sects converging to one platform

Open space network | Cultural theme park merged with courtyards and gathering places.


3

10

0m

10m

Ground Floor Plan The concept of the design was to have a central core space, which would act as an anchor of all the activities happening in the centre. The design is integration of network of open spaces with open air display units holding it together and depicting the various tribes of the state. The network of this space would be used by general public and for occasions of festivals and other gatherings. The open space has levels and courtyards which connects the various buildings housing various activities.

1

2


4

5

First Floor Plan

(Interpretation Centre)

6 9

Underground Floor Plan (Auditorium)

7 8

1. Interpretation Area 2. Permanent Exhibition 3. Temporary Exhibition 4. Central Core Space 5. Market Area 6. Cafeteria 7. Production Area 8. Parking 9. Administration 10.Event Ground 11.Auditorium


Section AA’

Placement of different zones


The design is integration of network of open spaces with open air display units holding it together and depicting the various tribes of the state. The network of this space would be used by general public and for occasions of festivals and other gatherings. The open space has levels and courtyards which connects the various buildings housing various activities. The roof is used as an connecting element which would also provide informal gathering spaces and connects the levels and binds the central space. Those informal spaces will be overlooking the courtyards on which various kinds of display would be done.


3. Micro Institution Anganwadi at Ishwariya Village A place of learning for kids and social space for village The project seeks to learn the co-relation of open and built spaces and nature of open spaces based on user group and activities associated with it. The proposal was to design an anganwadi for kids and multipurpose space which can be used for women empowerment programs and during festive celebrations in village. The site is located at the main temple chowk of the village, which provides a strong context to respond to. The chowk serves as the community space of the village with all sorts of interactions happening at the temple otla throughout the day, to kids playing in the evening time, from women going to temple daily to all the festive celebrations happening in the chowk.

Multi purpose Space Section AA’

Entrance


Roof Plan

Public Front

Chowk in front of Temple


Multi purpose Space

Classroom

Otla of Temple

Section BB’

Section AA’ 1. Entrance 2. Administration Classroom 3. Multipurpose Hall 4. Kitchen 5. Restroom 6. Central Court

Ground Floor Plan

0m

5m


View of the Anganwadi

The concept was to create a sequential hierarchy of open spaces, each designed according to its use. The open space at the entrance followed by the multipurpose hall would act as extension of the activities happening in the chowk at village level. The central court is designed as an introvert open space which will be used by children majorily. Usage of elements like tree and otla would control the scale of the space. With the multipurpose hall is attached another introvert open space which will be used by the women to do their work in privacy. The otlas and steps at the periphery are placed in response to the context, as it allows interactions with the people at otla of temple.

Hierarchy and nature of open space


4. Community Living Coexistence of Builtform and Community A study of community life in self initiated settlements of Ahmedabad The research seeks to understand the co-relation between the builtform and sense of community. There are the social aspects that creates community. And built environment has physical manifestations which generates the sense of community. The architecture of a building should depict the community it is built for and create sense of belongingness for its people. Architecture and community define each other, give identity to each other and the fabric around it. This study aims to understand that how the settlements in urban fabric keeps the community life intact though there is pressure of urbanization. The study is focused on self initiated settlements as they have stronger sense of community. The study is divided into two parts. First part is a discussion on understanding community as a phenomenon. Different social and physical aspects of community living are discussed to understand how the sense of community is manifested in built environment. Second part is case study of self initiated settlements of Ahmedabad city. The work program includes study of three settlements - Informal settlements, Slums. -Historic settlements, Pol houses -Engulfed Village, Gamtal


Understanding the Phenomenon The relationship between Architecture and Community is as old as time itself. Human settlements, basically are outcome of nature of man to live in community. The concept of community itself is very complex. Community emerges as a fabric woven of many different functions and needs of varying degrees at many levels. It evolves from the act of living together within a common culture. Community is made up of a group of people who share ideas and live together in a mutual relationship. The people of a community shared the image and interpretations of life, perception of space, social attitudes, ritual practices and behavioral patterns. Built form and environment talks about the spirit of a place and is a reflection of the society,culture and community that constitutes it. One of the strongest visible expressions of community’s culture, values and needs is in its Architecture. Community and architecture are related in two ways, one the architecture that shapes and creates community and other is the architecture done for betterment of a particular community. Human habitats are direct reflection of way of life of people and it is where people spend most of their lives. It is where the people socialize and interact with others. It is where the people associate themselves the most.


Community can be defined as, “a unified plurality of people,

having a shared value system (religion, race, common interest, morals, geographical context) to interact, live and co-operatively achieve a common purpose�. Community dwells in the deep layers of society, their way of living, needs and thoughts.

Types of community

Geographic community

Builtform and community

-Builtform that shapes and creates the communities, ( Neighborhoods, habitats for people) -Builtform for betterment and upliftment of specific community, ( Community centers, community schools). Community of identity

Community of interest

Plan of cluster of Bhungas in Kutch, India Bhungas of Meghpar,Kutch, India.

Plan of community school in Burkina Faso, Africa

Community school


Aspects of community living The aspects of community living has two subsets, the social aspects and the physical aspects which both act together to create a positive community life. The social aspect of community living came with the emergence of settlement that bought social order in life of people through the common beliefs,rites and rituals, religious practices, caste and kinship, occupation and livelihood, family structure, language and lead to the formation of community. The physical aspects of community living is about the way the physical built provides backdrop for people to relate to each other and outside world. It is about defining community by space components, by the physical indicators and manifestations that generates sense of community.


Builtform inducing community living The various physical manifestations in the built environment creates the space for healthy community life to flourish.

Circulation network Movement pattern Access pattern Street width and heirarchy

Open Space network Activity streets and chowks Shared group spaces Private open spaces

Spatial condition and builtform Settlement level Settlement pattern Territorial boundaries Cluster formation Community level Spatial organization Components of built Harmony of builtform Dwelling level Form of built Spatial organization Allocation of activities Interface


Context and Cases Ahmedabad is the smallest yet fastest growing city of India’s seven mega cities. Ahmedabad is the largest city in the state of Gujarat, with a population of approximately 55 lakhs. Ahmedabad has seen most rapid urbanization and its impact is seen in the settlements of the city . Settlements in Ahmedabad also show a typical sampling of the various communities found living together with strong sense of community. Three types of self-initiated settlements are selected for study, 1. Historic settlements- Pol houses, 2. Informal settlements- Slums, 3. Engulfed Villages- Gamtals.


Informal Settlement Vadaj Engulfed Village Vastrapur

Historic Settlement Khadia II


Historic Settlement Khadia II

Khadia-II forms one of the ward of the old city of Ahmedabad and has around 6000 dwellings in more than 30 different pols. The settlement started growing in 1400 when people started migrating to city with the formation of the ‘Puras’, and has grown since then allowing more and more number of people to settle. The whole settlement have 30 different poles which are based on the caste and Religion. Each pol earlier belonged to group of people of specific community.

View of Shamla ni Pol

A typical pol is a small residential unit, consisting of a single street with a group of houses. It is a kind of micro neighborhood, based on religion, caste and profession, usually protected by a gate at the entrance. The pol is a response to the need of security and expression to a communal identity. Compact housing clusters with dead-end streets form distinctive residential patterns. The pols were even self-sustained for a period of time since each house had its own storage for water and food grain, a tradition that continues today.


Settlement level Khadia- II

Community level Shamla ni Pol

Cluster level Soni Khado


Informal Settlement Ramapir no Tekro

Ramapir no Tekro is one of the largest slums in Ahmedabad with population of around 50,000 residents. The settlement started evolving 50-60 years back when migrants from Banaskatha started coming to Ahmedabad in search of work during early 60’s-70’s. Since than the settlement has grown over time and has around 7,269 households in present day.

View of Kumbhar Vas Ramapir no Tekro is one of the largest slums in Ahmedabad with population of around 50,000 residents. The settlement started evolving 50-60 years back when migrants from Banaskatha started coming to Ahmedabad in search of work during early 60’s-70’s. Since than the settlement has grown over time and has around 7,269 households in present day.


Engulfed Village Vastrapur

Vastrapur was a small village, situated in the western part of the city at the edge of Vastrapur lake and was finally engulfed in 1990. In present day it is home to around 20,000 people of various communities coming in and living together. The village have five communities residing here and each community has its own cluster namely kumbhar vas, Rabari vas, Bharwad vas, Paggi vas, Thakore vas.

View of Kumbhar Vas The cluster is organized around a central courtyard with all the dwellings of one extended family around it. It is the smallest cluster in the village with 17 families. There is a neem tree present on the entrance of the courtyard. There is also a shared kiln present in the courtyard as the major occupation of the people here was pottery making. Today the occupation of people has changed but still there are few families which depend on pottery for livelihood.


Settlement level Vastrapur Gam

Community level Kumbhar Vas

Cluster level Prajapati family


5. Drawing Inferences Related Study Programme I, II,III A documentation based learning from different types of buildings Related study programmes are intensive documentation based learning programmes through participation in environment and society and to experience architecture in the whole scheme of things. The process of this study involves documenting buildings through measure drawings, sketches, photographs and drawing conclusions through observations and analysis. The documentation done in this program are 1. Primary settlement of Meghpar Village, Kutch, 2. Community housing in Porbandar, 3. Institutional buildings in Rajkot

View of the cluster


Primary Settlement Meghpar,Kutch

Elevation AA’

Section BB’

Settlement plan of Meghpar village

0m

4m

Plan of Kanabhai’s cluster

Section CC’

Located 2 km away from Khadva, Meghpar Village is home to 400 people of Koli and Harijan community.The settlement comprises of various small clusters consisting of 3-4 blocks which belong to extended families. The organization in the settlement is governed by the primary relations of people.


Community Housing Porbandar

Wall Section

Part Elevation


The process involved documentation of traditional built environment of the Porbandar city and study responses of its inhabitants at scale of dwelling, cluster of dwellings, settlements and institutions so as to understand relation of traditional practices and architectural manifestation of the same in a place. The main focus of the study was to understand the begninning of formalized spatial organization for collective living. Front Elevation

Section AA’

0m

5m

Ground floor plan


Institutional Buildings Rajkot

Front Elevation of Assembly Hall

0m

5m

Ground Floor Plan of Assembly Hall


Section AA’

Details of Entrance door

Details of Bracket and Railing


6. Professional Internship Cadence Architects, Bangalore Six months of practical learnings In the duration of internship at Cadence Architects I got exposure to the various practical process involved in the making of a building right from designing, to preparing working drawings, from detailing to co-ordinating with consultants, from office management to site visits.

Structural model of Sachin Residence

Resolving the structure through modelling


Sachin Residence

Section AA’

Project Category- Residence Location- Bangalore Site Area- 5800 sqft Built-up Area-16600 sqft

Typical Floor Plan

Worked on Base drawings, centreline drawings, 3D modelling, co-ordinated with structural consultant.


KCC Complex

Site visits during slab casting

Physical model of the elevation to understand the projections on the slab

Project Category- Commercial Location- Bangalore Site Area- 4000 sqft Built-up Area-15000 sqft Worked on Shuttering drawings, physical model, working drawings for entry staircase, detail drawings of staircase, co-ordinated with structural consultant.


Details

Detail drawing of toilet for KJ Apartments. Worked on designing and detailing of various types of drawings of toilet, staicases, railing, doors, entrance gates, lobby design.


7. Architecture Reveals Community Berkeley Essay Competition Essay question- In your city, how do individual communities demonstrate their presence through the buildings designed to serve that group’s social and cultural needs and endeavors? The three buildings taken as case in the city of Ahmedabad are

Sarkhej Roja

Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalaya

Manav Sadhna Community Centre


Architecture and Community - reflection of harmonious co-existence Abstract

Architecture in its concreteness is the very mirror of life, “the building talks about the spirit of the place and is reflection of the society, culture and community that constitutes it.� The architecture is to be designed for and with contemporary people. The expression of a contemporary civilized society and the architecture that represents it, finds its resources in the life of the communities that constitute it. Architecture is interdependent with community. Community dwells in the deep layer of society, their way of living, needs, thoughts. Architecture in its built and design is all about serving these emotions of human and community. Architecture and community define each other, potentiating, reviving, and integrating their own qualities, giving identity to each other and the urban fabric around. Ahmedabad, largest city of Gujarat, India lies on banks of Sabarmati river, inhabited since 11th century, has seen generations of varied communities living and growing. The three buildings selected represents communities of different time period. Sarkhej Roza built in 15th century by the sultanates comprises the most unique and elegant architectural complex of Ahmedabad. It has a mosque, tomb, mausoleum, lake, public water tank and was important centre for Sufi Islam. In present day, Sarkhej is a platform where three distinctive worlds coexist, namely royal, religious and social and is being preserved as heritage building by the community. The most interesting aspect of this complex is glorious fusion of Hindu Muslim and Gujarati architecture. The exquisitely controlled zarokhas, jails, carvings, domes, courtyards facilitates dialogue between sky, water and light. Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalaya at Sabarmati ashram was designed in 1963 by Charles Correa as a memorial museum for housing books, letters photographs of Mahatma Gandhi. The building in its architecture reflects the simplicity and teachings of Gandhi’s life through its modest humanly scaled brick piers, stone floors and tiled roofs as contemporary expression of swadeshi and reinforced cement concrete modular connecting spaces, both open and covered, allowing for eventual expansion. In present day this building serves as museum and a centre for learning about gandhian principles and practicing them. Manav Sadhna activity centre in ramdevpirtekra slum was designed in 2006 by Yatin Pandya as multipurpose centre serving the poorest community of the city. It serves as school for young children , vocational training for youth and community centre with health facilities, recreational and religious activities and festivities, training and workshop for craft based learning for woman and has an all religion meditation unit. The activity centre is built with the aim of improving the quality of life of this urban poor. Architecture of the centre truly strengthens this aim by entirely being constructed out of recycled wastes, cost effectiveness, least use of artificial energy, aesthetics, construction techniques and involvement of local skilled persons providing them livelihood. Architecture of this centre is an effective role model to prove that cost is not a constraint rather a creative challenge. Architecture of Manav Sadhna presents contextually appropriate building evolving from needs and resources of community it is built for.


Aayushi Rathi +91 8518882021 aayushi.ssac25@gmail.com B-1, Walfort Enclave, Ramkrishna care Hospital, Raipur - 492005 Chhattisgarh, India.

Architecture portfolio  

Selected works 2012-2017

Architecture portfolio  

Selected works 2012-2017

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