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fnlEcj (f}rh;) 2015

vkfo"dkj niZ.k ikf{kd

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fnlEcj (f}rh;) 2015


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çlkj.k lkexzh dk Hkkjrh; vkSj ,f'k;kbZ cktkj &mn; Hkku vksM&bZou] Ldwy cUn] ;kfufd ,d gh >Vds es lkjk lek/ku &MWk-,-ds-jLrksxh g rks lgh gS fd fnYyh dh vkcks gok esa Jokl ysuk viuh lsgr ds lkFk f[kyokM djuk Hkj jg x;k gSA fnu o fnu gkykr cnrj ls cnrj gksrs tk jgs gSA fnYyh es iSnk gksus okys cPps isV ls gh chekfj;ak ysdj vk jgs gS] okdbZ ,d xSl pSEcj lh curh tk jgh gS fnYyhA blds fy, fnYyh mPpU;k;ky; }kjk dh xbZ fVIi.kh fcYdqy lgh gS ysfdu fnYyh ,d fnu es gh bruh chekj ugha gks xbZ gSA cfYd ,slh cnrj fLFkrh esa igqp ¡ us ds fy, fnYyh dks chrs vusd lky yxs gSA vusd lkyksa esa dbZ ljdkjs vkbZ vkSj xbZ] ysfdu fnYyh dh lq/ fdlh us ugha yh] tcfd tks Hkh ,d ckj lRrk esa 'kkfey gqvk mlus rks viuh gkyr iwjh cgrj cuk yh ysfdu fnYyh ds ckjs esa lkspus dh t:jr fdlh dks ugha iM+h gkykfd ukVd&fn[kkok t:j lc djrs gS] ijUrq djus ds fy, bPNk 'kfDr pkfg, gksrh gS og dksbZ ljdkj ugha fn[kk ldhA fcuk bPNk 'kfDr ds dksbZ Hkh liQyrk dHkh gakfly ugha gks ldrh gS] Hkys gh Hkfo"; esa dbZ vkSj ljdkjs Hkh vkrh&tkrh jgsxh] ysfdu ukVd&fn[kkos rks cgqr gksxs lek/ku ugha fudy ik,¡xAs fnYyh vksj chekj gksrh gh tk,xhA blh rjg ls ;equk lkiQ djus ds fy, fnYyh okfl;ksa ls olwys x, VSDl esa ls ;equk lkiQ ds uke ij gtkjksa djksM+ :i, lkiQ fd;k tk pqdk gS] ijUrq ;equk vHkh Hkh oSlh gh chekj gSA tcfd ;equk lkiQ djus dh ckrs gj ljdkj djrh gSA bl ckj rks vyx ls ,d eU=kky; gh dsUnzh; ljdkj us xaxk lkiQ djus ds fy, cuk fn;k gS vkSj cgqr cM+k ctV Hkh ml LoPN vfHk;ku ds fy, ns'k ds [ktkus ls tkjh fd;k x;k gS] ijUrq ifj.kke---A ok;qe.My esa ?kqyrs tk jgs tgj ds fy, vkf[kj ftEesnkj dkSu gS--\ izkÑfr ds lkFk f[kyokM+ djus okyksa dks izkÑfr vusd :iksa esa ;nk&dnk psrkouh nsrh Hkh jgrh gS] ysfdu ekuo lekt viuh&viuh t:jrksa dks iw.kZ djus ds fy, izkÑfr ds izfr vius nkf;Ro dh ijokg ugha djrk gSA ijUrq yksxksa dk oksV izkIr dj ns'k] jkT;] uxj ;k xkao dk tuizfrfuf/ Ro djus okys dk ;g Hkh nkf;Ro cu tkrk gS fd og ogak ds okrkoj.k dks nwf"kr uk gksus ns ,oa ,slh O;oLFkk cuk, fd ogak ds ukxfjdks ds fy, LoLFk okrkoj.k cusA yfdu tuizfrfuf/ ds :i esa lRrk rd igqp a k dksbZ Hkh 'kDl mruh nwjn£'krk ds lkFk lksp gh ugha ikrk gS] tcfd ekywe mls lc dqN gksrk gSA ijUrq mls ,d gh fpUrk gksrh gS fd mls

tks Hkh dk;Zdky izkIr gqvk gS] mruk og dSls Bhd &Bkd xqtkjsA og vPNh rjg ls tkurk gS fd bl ckj rks lRrk ik x;k] ysfdu vxyh ckj Hkh izkIr dj ys dh dksbZ xkjaVh ugha gksrh gSA tcfd vxyh ckj pquko yM+us ds fy, <+js lkjk iSlk Hkh pkfg, gksxk] og Hkh bdV~Bk djuk gS vkSj vius o vius pgsrksa ds fy, Hkh lkjk cUnks c Lr djuk gks x kA vius fu;jsLV&fM;jsLV dks ykHk igqp ¡ kus ds vusd jkLrs cuk, tkus esa gh mldk iwjk dk;Zdky fudy tkrk gSA cgqr rsth ds lkFk le; chr tkrk gS vkSj fiQj ls pqukoh naxy esa mrjuk iM+rk gSA ,sls esa nwjn£'krk ls lkspus dh fdldks iM+h gSA lc viuk&viuk dk;Zdky iw.kZ dj vxyh ckj iqu% pquko thr dj vkus ds lius ns[krs gS] rc Hkyk izkÑfr dh lq/ ysus dh fgEer Hkyk dkSu djsxkA D;ksfa d ;fn ok;qe.My dks gh lkiQ] LoLFk djuk gS rc dqN ,sls mik; fd, tk,xs tks dqN yksxksa dks ilUn ugha Hkh vk,¡xAs ftUgsa ugha ilan vk,¡xs og f[kykiQ gks tk,xs] rc vxyh ckj thrsxa s dSl-s --\ thrsxa s ugha rks fiQj jktuhfr esa cSB&s cSBs ugha pyus okyk] blhfy, fnYyh dh gkyr bruh cnrj gks xbZ gS fd vkt lqihz e dksV Hkh cgqr T;knk fpfUrr fn[kkbZ ns jgk gSA fnYyh dh turk ls ,frgkfld thr gkfly dj fnYyh ds flagklu ij cSBh vki ikVhZ dk tue gh Hkz"Vkpkj feVkus ds ,d cMs vkUnksyu ls gqvk gSA vki ikVhZ ds eqf[k;k vkSj vc fnYyh ds eq[;eU=kh Jh dstjhoky ds ikl iw.kZ cgqer ls Hkh T;knk cgqer gS og fnYyh dh csgrjh ds fy, tks Hkh pkgs og dj ldrs gSA ysfdu dqN Hkh djus ds fy, bPNk 'kfDr pkfg, gksrh gSA bPNk 'kfDr ds lkFk&lkFk fotu Hkh gksuk pkfg, vkSj okLro esa dqN djus dh bZekunkjh fn[kykus ds fy, og lc dstjhoky esa gS mUgksua s ,d gh >Vds esa fnYyh dh vkcks gok dks lkiQ dj nsus ds fy, vksM&bZou vkSj Ldwy cUn djus dk iSQlyk ys fy;k] tcfd og tkurs gS fd izfs DVdyh ;g bruk vklku ugha gSA blhfy, mUgksua s lkFk esa ;g Hkh tksM+ fn;k fd fliZQ iUnzg fnuks ds fy, 'kq: djrs gS] ugha ilUn vk;k rks bl iSQlys dks jí Hkh fd;k tk ldrk gSA ijUrq fnYyh dh c<+rh tk jgh vkcknh ij fu;U=k.k ds fy, dHkh dqN ugha lkspk] uk gh fnYyh dh iSQDVªh;ksa ;k fiQj csrjrhc c<+rh tk jgh >qfXx;ksa dks jksdus ij dqN lkspkA fnYyh dks izn"w k.k eqDr fd;k tk ldrk gS] ysfdu nwjn'khZ ;kstukvksa ds lkFk uk fd ,d gh >Vds esAa

fiNys fnuksa flaxkiqj ds ejhuk cs lSMa dUos'a ku lsaVj esa vk;ksftr ,f'k;k Vh-oh- iQksje ,saM ekdsZV (,Vh,iQ,e) dk vk;kstu fd;k x;kA buesa 60 feuV dk ,d l=k Hkh Fkk tks dh lokZf/d Hkkxhnkjh okys l=kksa esa ls ,d FkkA bls [kklh xaHkhjrk ls fy;k x;kA njvly vxj vki nf{k.k dksfj;k ds yksdfç; euksjt a u çlkjd gSa rks vki fdl pht ds çlkj.k vf/dkj [kjhnus esa #fp fn[kk,axs o`Ùkfp=k] ukVd ;k rek'kkbZ fj;fyVh 'kks] dksfj;k esa dkSu lh phtsa pyu esa gSa ;g l=k blh fy, [kkl etsnkj lkfcr gqvkA djhc ,d ntZu fDyfiax ns[kus ds ckn ;g Li"V gks x;k fd nf{k.k dksfj;k esa ikWi xk;dksa] ikWi 'kks vkSj <sj lkjs rek'kk Hkjs fj;fyVh 'kks [kwc pyrs gSaA Hkkjrh; Vsyhfotu ij vkus okys jksus&/ksus okys 'kks mudh rqyuk esa csgn ldkjkRed ckSf¼drk ls Hkjs utj vk,A lEesyu Vh-oh- lkexzh dh [kjhn fcØh ds okLrfod l=k ds lekarj py jgk FkkA dkjksckjh eap ij tgka 60 ns'kksa ds 5]000 ls vf/d [kjhnkj vkSj foØsrk lkSnsckth dj jgs Fks ogka rhu ckrsa ,dne Li"V FkhaA igyh ckr] nf{k.k dksfj;k vkSj phu nqfu;k Hkj ls ohfM;ks lkexzh dk vf/dkj [kjhnus okyksa esa vOoy gSAa nwljk] gkykafd Vsyhfotu m|ksx vHkh Hkh [kklk cM+k gS ysfdu ohfM;ks lkexzh ds [kjhnkj ds :i esa fMftVy eapksa dk mHkkj ,f'k;k esa o`f¼ dks cy ns jgk gSA ;ksdw rqMksÅ ds varjjk"Vªh; vf/xzg.k ds ofj"B funs'kd eSxh f>;kWUx dgrs gSa fd bls ysdj #fp vius pje ij gSA djhc 50 djksM+ n'kZdksa ds lkFk ;ksdq rqMksÅ phu esa ogh yksdfç;rk j[krk gS tks 'ks"k fo'o esa ;w&V~;wc dks gkfly gSA ckseufczt ehfM;k] MkW;ps osys] vVykafVdk tSls reke NksVs&cM+s ohfM;ks lkexzh foØsrkvksa dk dguk gS fd phu esa fMftVy IysViQkeZ lcls cM+s [kjhnkjksa esa cus gq, gSaA lkekU; Vsyhfotu ij i;kZIr çlkj.k lkexzh ds vHkko esa phu ds n'kZd ?kaVksa rd baVjusV ij vesfjdh vkSj fczfV'k Mªkek ns[krs gSaA bldh otg ;g gS fd Vsyhfotu dh rqyuk esa baVjusV ij çfrca/ vis{kkÑr de gSaA rhljh vkSj lcls vge ckr ;g gS fd LFkkuh; lkexzh dks ysdj #>ku dkiQh rsth ls c<+ jgk gSA {ks=k esa eqæk dherksa esa vk jgk mrkj&p<+ko ,slk jgk gS fd MkWyj esa gksus okyh [kjhn igys dh rqyuk esa 20&25 iQhlnh rd egaxh gks xbZ gSA mlds ckn usVfÝyDl dk ços'k gksrk gS tks LFkkuh; çlkj.k eapksa vkSj çdk'kdksa ij ncko cuk jgk gS fd os viuk laxzg c<+k,A ysfdu lcls vge ckr ;g gS fd vf/dka'k cktkj ;g lh[k jgs gSa fd Mc fd;k gqvk vkSj LFkkuh; Hkk"kk esa vuwfnr lkexzh ,d [kkl n'kZd oxZ rd gh liQy gSA mlds ckn

dksfj;k ds yksx dksfj;kbZ 'kks ns[kuk pkgrs gSa ftuesa dksfj;k psgjs vkSj dksfj;kbZ Hkkouk utj vk,A ;gka ij ckr vkrh gS pkSFks ysfdu ,sls dkjd dh ftls roTtks ugha nh xbZA ;g gS Hkkjr dh ekewyh ekStwnxhA vkdkj esa nqfu;k dk nwljk lcls cM+k Vsyhfotu cktkj vkSj nqfu;k dh lcls cM+h ohfM;ks lkexzh cukus okyh txgksa esa ls ,d gksus ds ckotwn Hkkjrh; ohfM;ks daifu;ka unkjn D;ksa gSa\ th vkSj ok;dkWe 18 dks NksM+ fn;k tk, rks ogka dksbZ vkSj daiuh ekStwn ugha FkhA {ks=kh; lEesyuksa esa Hkh Hkkjr dh çfrHkkfxrk u ds cjkcj utj vkrh gSA bldh otg ryk'k djuk eqf'dy ugha gSA djhc 800 ls vf/d Vsyhfotu pSuy vkSj 80 djksM+ ls vf/d n'kZdksa ds lkFk Hkkjr esa ,d cM+k ?kjsyw cktkj gSA ;g cktkj rdjhcu 47]500 djksM+ #i, dk gSA Hkkjrh; daifu;ksa us tc Hkh ç;kl fd;k gS rks Hkkjrh; 'kks baMksufs 'k;k] eysf'k;k] ekWjh'kl] vt+jcStku vkSj la;qDr vjc vehjkr vkfn ns'kksa esa Mfcax ;k lcVkbVy ds lkFk dkiQh liQy jgs gSa D;ksafd bu ns'kksa esa ;k rks cM+h la[;k esa Hkkjrh; jgrs gSa ;k fiQj ogka dh laLÑfr gels esy [kkrh gSA blds vykok Hkkjrh; pSuy 80 ns'kksa esa çlkfjr gksrs gSaA ok;dke 18 vius dk;ZØeksa dks Mfcax vkSj lcVkbVy ds lkFk i'rks] nkjh] tkikuh vkSj fgCkz Hkk"kk lesr dbZ Hkk"kkvksa esa 125 ns'kksa esa igqapkrk gSA mnkgj.k ds fy, Hkkjr esa vR;ar liQy jgk /kjkokfgd ckfydk o/w 15 Hkk"kkvksa esa çlkfjr gksrk gSA th vkSj ok;dkWe 18 tSls çlkjdksa us ges'kk fons'kh cktkj dks vius jktLo dk vge fgLlk ekuk gSA tcfd vU; yksxksa us blesa dksbZ [kkl #fp ugha fn[kkbZ gSA ,Vh,iQ,e ds rhu fnolh; vk;kstu esa djhc 1]758 djksM+ #i, dk dkjksckj gqvkA ;g çR;{k Fkk fd dkjksckj dks ;g mNky çlkjdksa ls ugha cfYd mRiknu daifu;ksa ls feykA Hkkjrh; Vsyhfotu cktkj dh 80 iQhlnh ls vf/d lkexzh çlkjdksa }kjk rS;kj dh tkrh gS tks ml ij ckSf¼d laink vf/dkj Hkh j[krs gSaA D;ksafd os Hkkjr esa gh dkiQh jktLo dek pqds gksrs gSa blfy, muesa fons'kh cktkjksa esa tkus dh yyd de gksrh gSA mnkgj.k ds fy, fczVsu esa dkuwu dgrk gS fd fuekZrk daifu;ksa ds ikl viuh cukbZ gj pht dk vf/dkj gksxkA ;gh otg gS fd os vius dk;ZØeksa ds fy, ns'k ds ckgj Hkh cktkj ryk'k djrs gSaA Hkkjrh; Vh-oh- m|ksx dk iwjk è;ku vc rd ?kjsyw n'kZdksa dks larq"Vª djus ij dsafær jgk gS] u fd ckSf¼d laink dk fuekZ.k djus esaA tcfd mldk dkjksckj iwjh nqfu;k esa fd;k tk ldrk gSA tkfgj gS vHkh ckykth] Lis;j vFkok fodkru dks ,Vh,iQ,e ij utj vkus esa vHkh oDr gSA


vkfo"dkj niZ.k ikf{kd

fnlEcj (f}rh;) 2015

ra=k&ea=k ij la;e j[ksa Vsfyfotu pSuy Vh-oh- 'kkst esa ra=k&ea=k] va/fo'okl] dkyk tknw] vks>kbZ o tknw Vksuk fn[kkus dh rxM+h fuank djrs gq, czkWMdkLV daVsaV dEIysaV~l dkmafly (chlhlhlh) us lHkh Vh-oh- pSuyksa dks fgnk;r tkjh dh gS vkSj dgk gS fd ,sls 'kkst çlkfjr djrs le; os vko';d ^la;e* vkSj vf/dre ^foosd* dk ifjp; nsaA czkWMdkLVjksa }kjk xfBr Lora=k vkRe&fu;ked laLFkk] chlhlhlh dks bl rjg dh lkexzh çlkfjr djus ij fpark trkrs gq, cgqr lkjh f'kdk;rsa feyh gSaA gkykafd chlhlhlh us ;g ugha dgk gS fd ,sls 'kkst dk çlkj.k çkbeVkbe ds nkSjku ugha fd;k tkuk pkfg,A fgnk;r esa dgk x;k gS] ^vxj daVsaV eq[;k ra=k&ea=k] va/fo'okl] vks>kbZ o tknw Vksus dh Fkhe ls tqM+k gqvk gS rks pSuy dks ,sls çksxzke ns[kus ds çfrcaf/r ?kaVksa esa çlkfjr djuk pkfg,A* chlhlhlh us ;g Hkh dgk gS fd oks va/fo'okl ij vk/kfjr

dk;ZØeksa dk leFkZu ugha djrh vkSj pSuyksa ls vis{kk djrh gS fd os ,slh lkexzh fn[kkus esa vf/dre foosd dk mi;ksx djsaxsA mlus ;g Hkh mYys[k fd;k gS fd Hkkjrh; lafo/ku ds vuqPNsn 51 , (,p) esa ns'kokfl;ksa ls oSKkfud] ekuorkoknh vkSj tkap o lq/kj dh Hkkouk fodflr djus dk vkxzg fd;k x;k gSA bldks è;ku esa j[krs gq, chlhlhlh ekurh gS fd ^,slk dksbZ vrkfrZd o vekU; fp=k.k xaHkhj vlj Mky ldrk gSA* eqnwxy us tkjh fgnk;r esa vkxs dgk gS] ^bl ,Mokbtjh dks ,sls dqN jkT;ksa }kjk cuk, x, çklafxd dkuwuksa ds lkFk tksM+dj ns[kk tkuk pkfg, tgka fofHkUu lkekftd cqjkb;ksa dk urhtk c<+rh gR;kvksa ds :i esa lkeus vk;k gSA bu cqjkb;ksa esa [kkl gS va/fo'okl ls çsfjr yksxksa }kjk Mkbu o Hkwr Hkxkus ds fy, fd, tk jgs ÑR;A* chlhlhlh dks 3 tqykbZ

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'kqHk pVthZ usVodZ 18 ds fo'ks"k çkstsDV~l ds xzqi ,fMVj cus ehfM;k daiuh usVodZ18 us fo'ks"k çkstDs V~l ds xziq ,fMVj ds :i esa 'kqHk pVthZ dh fu;qfDr dh ?kks"k.kk dh gSA lkr lky dh vof/ ds ckn usVodZ18 esa ;g mudk nwljk dk;Zdky gSA ubZ Hkwfedk esa pVthZ lHkh IysViQkWeksZa ij fo'ks"k #fp okyk daVVas vkSj dLVekbTM çkWiVhZ yk,axAs usVodZ18 ds eq[; ekuo lalk/u vf/dkjh fxjh'k ukbd us dgk] ^eSa usVodZ18 xziq esa 'kqHk dk Lokxr djrs gq, [kq'k gwAa os vius lkFk u fliQZ czkMW dkLV ehfM;k dk O;kid vuqHko yk jgs gSa cfYd os j.kuhfrd vkSj jpukRed usrR` o esa

loZJ"s B gSa ftlls xziq ds Hkhrj çeq[k çkstsDV~l ds lapkyu esa enn feysxhA* ubZ ftEesnkjh ls igys] 'kqHk VkbEl usVodZ esa ofj"B ,fMVj vkSj fo'ks"k çkstDs V~l ds jk"Vªh; çeq[k FksA ogka ij mUgksaus usVodZ ds fy, vf}rh; dLVekbts'ku ds ekè;e ls çksxkz feax tkWujksa esa dbZ vk; dh LVªhe dk fuekZ.k djus esa vge Hkwfedk fuHkkbZA ehfM;k m|ksx esa iqjLÑr dke djus dk mudk 15 lky ls vf/d dk vuqHko gS vkSj os yanu Ldwy vkWiQ bdukWfeDl ls ,d fczfV'k psofuax LdkWyj gSAa

2014 ls 22 vxLr 2015 ds chp 4545 f'kdk;rsa feyh FkhaA buesa ls yxHkx 11 çfr'kr f'kdk;rsa euksjt a u Vsfyfotu pSuyksa ij fn[kk, x, gkWjj o ra=k&ea=k laca/h daVsaV dks ysdj FkhaA lky 2011 esa vius xBu ds ckn ls chlhlhlh Vsfyfotu pSuyksa dks le>kus ds fy, 15 fgnk;rsa tkjh dj pqdh gSA budk okLrk ftu eqíksa ls jgk gS] muesa çeq[k gSa viaxrk ds ihfM+r yksxksa dk fp=k.k] jk"Vªh; èot] jk"Vªxhr] jk"Vªxku o Hkkjr ds ekufp=k dks fn[kkuk o mi;ksx] ,flM geyksa dks fn[kkuk] LokLF; o dY;k.k ea=kky; vkSj vYila[;dksa ls tqM+k laosnu'khy daVsaV] dkVwZu laca/h daVsaV] dkWesMh nwjn'kZu ds chp le>kSrk 'kkst] cPpksa dk lsDlqvy fp=k.k] fy, ea=kky; dks ,d cky LokLF; o lqj{kk] i'kqvksa o LokLF; o ifjokj dY;k.k vuwBk volj fey x;k taxy ds thou dk fp=k.k] iqjLdkj ea=kky; us nwjn'kZu (MhMh) gSA nwjn'kZu dh igqp a fo'ks"k lekjksg vkSj Vh-oh- 'kkst esa cPpsA ds lkFk ,d le>kSrk Kkiu (,evks;w) ij gLrk{kj fd, gSaA :i ls bUgha xzkeh.k bykdksa esa dkiQh lhvkbZ M h ds 18 le>kSrk Kkiu ij LokLF; o ifjokj gSA lfpo us crk;k fd vkbZbZlh czkWMdkLVj ,ukykWx flXuy ij ,e-,l-vksdY;k.k ea=kky; ds vfrfjDr lfpo xfrfof/;ka fdlh Hkh LokLF; uhfr lky iwjs ls l[rh cjrs% lwpuk o çlkj.k ea=kky; ds ch vxzoky vkSj MhMh ds dk ,d cgqr gh egRoiw.kZ ?kVd gS egkfuns'kd lh ykyjkslkaxk }kjk D;ksafd tkx:drk ls O;ogkj esa lksuh Vh-oh- ij djsAa çlkj.k ea=kky; us ljdkj fdlh Hkh lwjr gLrk{kj fd, x,A le>kSrk Kkiu cnyko vkrk gS vkSj LokLF; ds yacs le; ls dgk fd pSuyksa dh esa rhljs pj.k ds bykdksa dh eq[; fo'ks"krkvksa ij çdk'k Mkyrs ifj.kkeksa dks çHkkfor djus esa cgqr izlkfjr gksus Mkmufyafdax ds esa fMftVy ,Mªslscy gq, LokLF; lfpo us dgk bl rjg egRoiw.kZ Hkwfedk fuHkkrk gSA c<+k, okyk yksdfiz; uhfrxr fn'kkfunsZ'k ds flLVe (MS l ) dh 'kks lhvkbZMh us vius 18 lky iwjs dh j.kuhfrd lk>snkjh igyh ckj x, czkWMdkLV ,;jVkbe dk mi;ksx le; lhek dk foLrkj ugha dj rgr ;g vfuok;Z gS fd czkMW dkLVj dj fy, gSaA 'kks dh bl liQyrk ds fdlh ea=kky; vkSj nwjn'kZu ds chp LokLF; dh ekax djrs ykHkdkjh jgh gSA lwpuk o çlkj.k ea=kky; viathÑr ,e-,l-vks- vkSj LFkkuh; ekSds ij eaqcbZ esa ,d ikVhZ dk dh tk jgh gSA bl lk>snkjh ds rgr ekgkSy cukus ds fy, fd;k tk,xkA us czkWMdkLVjksa dks i=k fy[kdj dscy vkWijsVjksa (,y-lh-vks-) dks vk;kstu fd;k x;k] ftlesa 'kks dh nwjn'kZu ea=kky; dks mldh vkbZbZlh blds rgr gkFk /ksus] Lruiku] funs'Z k tkjh fd, gSa fd mu eYVh& flXuy u miyC/ djk,A xfrfof/;ksa ds fy, dkiQh ek=kk esa rackdw@u'khyh nokvks@a 'kjkc dh vknr iwjh Vhe ekStwn fn[khA flLVe vkWijsVjksa (,e-,l-vks-) mi&fofu;e 3(2) nw j la p kj f'kokth lkVe] n;kuan 'ksVV~ h] vkfnR; cksul ,;jVkbe miyC/ djkus ds NksMu+ s vkSj LoLFk vknrksa dks viukus dks flXuy dh vkiwfrZ u djsa (çlkj.k vkSj dscy lfoZlst) JhokLro] fnus'k iQkM+ful] J¼k fy, lger gks x;k gSA blls xzkeh.k tSls eqíksa ij è;ku fn;k tk,xkA ftlds ikl iathdj.k ugha gS baVjdusD'ku (fMftVy ,Mªslscy ewlys]a ujanas z xqIrk] va'kk lSÕ;n] tkUoh vkSj nwjnjkt ds bykdksa esa turk ds mUgksaus dgk fd LokLF; ea=kky; dh vkSj tks 31 fnlacj dh le; ds c y Vs f yfotu flLVe) Z h xfrfof/;ksa ds dsæa esa fuokj.k NsM+k vkSj ds-ds- xksLokeh ds vykok chp egRoiw.kZ lkoZtfud LokLF; vkbZbl lhek ds ckn MSl ds rhljs pj.k fofu;e] 2012 ds vuqlkj] gj lhfj;y esa dke dj pqds dbZ vU; ds eqíksa ij ppkZ dk ekgkSy cukus ds vkSj LokLF; dks c<+kok nsuk jgk gSA ds {ks=kksa esa fMftVyh ,fUØIVsM czkWMdkLVj dks mlh ,e-,l-vksVh-oh- flrkjs Hkh ekStwn fn[ksA flXuy çlkfjr ugha dj jgs gSaA dks flXuy nsuk pkfg, tks mlds bl nkSjku Vhe us ehfM;k ls ckrphr Hkkjr esa miHkksDrkvksa ds ikl 2019 rd çlkj.k ea=kky; us dgk fd dscy fy, vuqjks/ djrs gSaA çlkj.k dh vkSj 'kks dh liQyrk ds ihNs 2 izfr'kr% 4ds Vh-oh- gksaxs vkbZ,p,l Vs f yfotu us V odZ fofu;eu ea=kky; }kjk miyC/ djk, x, dh otg crkbZA n;k dk jksy djus vf/fu;e 1995 ds çko/ku 4, vkadM+ksa ds vuqlkj] MSl ds rhljs okys n;kuan 'ksV~Vh us crk;k fd Hkkjr esa 4ds Vh-oh- lsV j[kus okys MsfiQfu'ku (;wds vuqlkj ;g vfuok;Z gS fd gj pj.k ds 630 ftyksa vkSj 7]709 gekjh liQyrk dk jkt gekjh ,drk miHkksDrk 2019 rd 2 çfr'kr gks ,p-Mh-) 4ds ,e-,l-vks- vf/lwpuk dh rkjh[k 'kgjh {ks=kksa esa 3-879 djksM+ gS] D;ksafd ge lHkh lkFk feydj tk,axAs egRoiw.kZ lwpuk o bulkbV ds ,ylhMh iSuy ls fMftVyh ,fUØIVsM :i esa Vsfyfotu ifjokjksa dks doj fd;k dke djrs gSa vkSj gekjs chp dksbZ ,d vxz.kh oSf'od lzkrs vkbZ,p,l dh dher esa gky flXuy VªkalfeV ;k jh&VªkalfeV tk,xkA b±";kZ dh Hkkouk ughaa gSA bad }kjk fd, x, vuqeku ds vuqlkj esa dkiQh deh vkbZ gS ftlls 4ds Vh;s vkadM+s fn, x, gSAa tkiku ds oh- lsV dh dhersa Hkh ?kVh gSAa blls ns'kHkj esa nwjn'kZu ds pSuyksa ds dqy n'kZdksa dh foijhr] phu esa 4ds Vh-oh- ds miHkksDrk bls [kjhn jgs gSa vkSj bldh a c<+ jgh gSA 2017 ds var rd] miHkksDrk vis{kkÑr vf/d gksus dh igqp la[;k 59-6 djksM+% tsVyh mEehn gS vkSj 2019 rd 4ds dh T;knkrj 50 bap vkSj blls cM+s vkdkj czkWMdkLV vkWfM;al fjlpZ dkmafly (ch,vkjlh) ds fiNys Ng gÝrksa ds vkadM+ksa ds vuqlkj igqp a ogka 24 çfr'kr gks tk,xhA vU; ds Vh-oh- nqfu;k Hkj esa vkbZ,p,l ds lewps Hkkjr esa nwjn'kZu ds pSuyksa ds dqy n'kZdksa dh la[;k 59-6 djksM+ gSA lwpuk o çlkj.k mHkjrs ns'kksa esa tgka dbZ ?kjksa esa ;k rks vuqlkj] 4ds iQhpj okys gksxa As cM+s ea=kh v#.k tsVyh us yksdlHkk esa ,d fyf[kr tokc esa crk;k] ^fiNys Ng lIrkg (41osa NksVs ,ylhMh Vh-oh- gSa ;k lhvkjVh LØhu Vh-oh- ds fy, miHkksDrk dk ls 46osa lIrkg) ds ch,vkjlh ds vkadM+ksa ds vuqlkj (xzkeh.k cktkjksa ds 'kkfey fd, tkus Vh-oh- gS]a ogka 4ds dh iSB de vkd"kZ.k vkSj viuh vis{kkÑr etcwr ds ckn)] iwjs Hkkjr Hkj esa MhMh pSuyksa ds dqy n'kZdksa dh la[;k 59-6 djksM+ gSA* jgsxhA bldh iSB :l esa 11 çfr'kr] vFkZO;oLFkk ds dkj.k vesfjdk esa MhMh us'kuy 35-4 djksM+ n'kZdksa ds lkFk MhMh pSuy iSd esa vxz.kh gSA mlds ckn 9-9 djksM+ czkthy esa 8 çfr'kr vkSj Hkkjr esa 2 4ds Vh-oh- okys ?kj 2019 rd 34 n'kZdksa ds lkFk MhMh iatkch vkSj rhljs uacj ij ;g 2-1 djksM+ n'kZdksa ds lkFk MhMh U;wt gSA çfr'kr gksus dh mEehn gSA vYVªk gkbZ çfr'kr rd gks tk,axAs


vkfo"dkj niZ.k ikf{kd

6

dkWihjkbV fu;eksa dk gksxk vk/qfudhdj.k viuh ,dy fMftVy cktkj j.kuhfr ij vey djrs gq, ;wjksih; vk;ksx us ;wjksih; la?k ds dkWihjkbV fu;eksa ds vk/qfudhdj.k ds fy, ,d dk;Z ;kstuk is'k dj nh gSA lkFk gh mlus ;wjksi ds yksxksa dks ;k=kk ds nkSjku viuk vkWuykbu daVsaV lkFk ys tkus dh vuqefr nsus dk ,d çLrko is'k fd;k gSA bl le; ;wjksih; la?k ds Hkhrj ;k=kk djus okys ;wjksih; yksx mu fiQYeksa] LiksVZ~l czkWMdkLV] E;wftd] bZ&cqDl ;k xsEl tSlh vkWuykbu lsokvksa ls oafpr jg tkrs gSa ftuds fy, mUgksaus vius ns'k esa Hkqxrku dj j[kk gksrk gSA vc vkWuykbu daVVas lsokvksa dh lhekikj iksVsZfcfyVh ij vk jgs bl çLrkfor fofu;eu dk edln ;wjksih; la?k ds fuokfl;ksa ij ;k=kk ds nkSjku yxh ml fMftVy daVsaV laca/h cafn'kksa dks gVkuk gS ftUgsa mUgksaus ?kj ij

[kjhn ;k lClØkbc dj j[kk gSA lhekikj iksVfZs cfyVh vc ;w j ks i h; la ? k es a miHkksDrkvksa dk u;k vf/ dkj cuus tk jgh gSA blds lky 2017 rd gdhdr cu tkus dk vuqeku gSA mlh lky ls ;wjksih; la?k esa jksfeax 'kqYd [kRe fd;k tk jgk gSA D;ksafd vHkh ;g fofu;eu dk ,d çLrko gS] blfy, Lohdkj dj fy, tkus ij ;g ;wjksih; la?k ds lHkh 28 lnL; ns'kksa esa lh/s ykxw gks tk,xkA blds lkFk gh vk;ksx us vk/qfud ;wjksih; la?k dkWihjkbV izsQeodZ ds fy, viuk fotu Hkh is'k fd;k gSA bl ^jktuhfrd fçO;w* dks fofHkUu tu&foe'kZ ls feys lq>koksa ds vk/kj ij vxys Ng eghuksa esa fo/k;h çLrkoksa o uhfrxr igy esa cnyk tk,xkA dqy feykdj vk;ksx ;g lqfuf'pr djuk pkgrk gS

LVkj LiksVZ~l çhfe;j cSMfeaVu yhx 2016 dk çlkj.k djsxk Hkkjrh; cSMfeaVu la?k (ch,vkbZ) us viuh çhfe;j cSMfeaVu yhx (ihch,y) ds vkus okys lhtu ds çlkj.k vf/dkj LVkj LiksVl ~Z dks ns fn, gSAa bl yhx dks igys bafM;u cSMfeaVu yhx dgk tkrk FkkA LVkj LiksVl ~Z yhx esa 16 fnuksa ds nkSjku [ksys x, lHkh 18 eSpksa dk ykbo dojst djsxkA blesa 15 'kq#vkrh eSp gSa ftuesa ikap&ikap eqdkcys gksxa As blds lkFk gh blesa nks lseh&iQkbuy vkSj vafre iQkbuy eSp 'kkfey gSA ihch,y 2016 esa Ng izQS pkbth Vhesa Hkkx ysxa h vkSj gj izQS pkbth nks fnolh; fgLls dh estckuh djsxhA lHkh eSp 'kke dks çkbe Vkbe Vsfyfotu çlkj.k ds nkSjku [ksys tkus gSAa yhx dh 'kh"kZ pkj izQS pkbth lseh&iQkbuy esa tk,axh vkSj mlesa thrus okyh Vheksa ds chp HkO; iQkbuy 17 tuojh 2016 dks ubZ fnYyh esa [ksyk tk,xkA LVkj LiksVl ~Z ds ,d çoDrk us dgk] ^LVkj LiksVl ~Z çhfe;j cSMfeaVu yhx dk lkjk ,D'ku fn[kk,xkA* blesa nqfu;k ds 'kh"kZ cSMfeaVu f[kykM+h ns'k ds lcls cM+s cSMfeaVu VwukZeVas esa f'kjdr dj jgs gSAa

uku U;wt pSuyks us rksM+h 12 feuV foKkiu dh lhek% VªkbZ Hkkjrh; nw j la p kj fofu;ked çkf/dj.k (VªkbZ) }kjk tkjh vkadM+kas ds eqrkfcd] 29 twu ls 27 flracj 2015 ds nkSjku 'kke 7 ls jkr 9 cts dh O;Lrre vof/ esa U;wt ls fHkUu daVVas fn[kkus okys 112 is&pSuyksa us çfr ?kaVs vf/dre 12 feuV foKkiu fn[kkus ds fu;e dks rksMk+ gSA blds lkFk gh 27 U;wt pSuyksa (10 jk"Vªh; U;wt pSuyksa dks feykdj) us Hkh 12 feuV dh lhek js[kk dk ikyu ugha fd;k gSA VªkbZ dk dguk gS fd ns'k ds dqy 139 czkMW dkLVjksa us çfr ?kaVs 12 feuV foKkiu dh le; lhek dk mYya?ku fd;k gSA VªkbZ us rhljh ckj ,sls pSuyksa dh fyLV tkjh dh gS ftUgksua s vyx&vyx rhu eghuksa dh

vof/ esa 'kke 7 ls jkr 9 cts ds ihd vkolZ ds nkS j ku 12 feuV (def'kZ;y o Lo;a&çpkj) ls T;knk ds foKkiu fn[kk, gSAa bl ckj dh lwph esa {ks=kh; pSuyksa dh cgqrk;r gS] ftlesa lu Vh-oh- usVodZ ds yxHkx lHkh pSuy 'kkfey gSAa ysfdu fu;e rksMu+ s okyksa esa fganh ds 11 lkekU; euksjt a u pSuy (thbZlh)] fganh o vaxt sz h ds 19 fiQYe pSuy] 16 vaxt sz h euksjt a u o bUiQksVus esVa pSuy] 9 ;qok o E;wftd pSuy vkSj 6 cPpksa ds pSuy Hkh 'kkfey gSAa lwph ds eqrkfcd 51 {ks=kh; pSuyksa (lu Vhoh- usVodZ ds 23 pSuyksa dks feykdj) çfr ?kaVs fu/kZfjr le; ls T;knk ds foKkiu fn[kk, gSAa

fd ;wjks; ds yksx daVsaV ds oS/ vkWiQj dks gj txg gkfly dj djsaxsA lkFk ys[kdksa o vU; dkWihjkbV /kjdksa dh csgrj lqj{kk gks vkSj mUgsa okftc Hkqxrku feysA f'k{kk] laLÑfr] fjlpZ o uokpkj tSls çeq[k {ks=k dks Hkh vf/d vk/qfud o ;wjksih; izsQeodZ ls iQk;nk gksxkA fMftVy flaxy ekdsVZ ds ohih ,aM#l vkufli dk dguk gS] ^lkr eghus igys geus fMftVy ,dy cktkj dh rst fMyhojh dk oknk fd;k FkkA vkt ge viuk igyk çLrko is'k dj jgs gSaA ge lhekvksa ds ikl daVsaV dh iksVsZfcfyVh lqfuf'pr djuk pkgrs gSaA tks yksx fiQYe] fdrkc] iQqVckWy eSp] Vh-oh- lhjht tSls daVsaV oS/ kfud :i ls [kjhnrs gSa] mUgsa ;wjksi esa dgha Hkh bUgsa ys tkus esa l{ke gksuk pkfg,A

fnlEcj (f}rh;) 2015

ohfM;ksdkWu Mh2,p rhljs pj.k dh le; lhek ls igys rS;kj Mk;jsDV&Vw&gkse (MhVh,p) daiuh ohfM;ksdkWu Mh2,p us nkok fd;k fd oks MSl ds rhljs pj.k dh 31 fnlacj dh le; lhek ds fy, iwjh rjg ls rS;kj gSA ohfM;ksdkWu Mh2,p ds vuqeku ds eqrkfcd] rhljs pj.k esa djhc 5 djksM+ Vh-oh- okys ?kj gSaA daiuh dks lsV&VkWi ckWDl (,lVhch) esa Hkkjh ekax dh mEehn gSA ohfM;ksdkWu Mh2,p ds ikl fMftVy gks jgs 'kgjksa dh ekax dks iwjk djus ds fy, i;kZ I r ,lVhch gS a A tqykbZ&flracj 2015 ds nwljh frekgh ds urhtksa ds ckn bl MhVh,p daiuh us dgk Fkk fd mlds ikl 10 yk[k ,lVhch dh

bUosaVjh gS vkSj og viuh bu&gkml çksMD'ku bdkbZ ls ,d eghus ds uksfVl ij vkS j 500]000 yk ldrh gSA la;ksx ls] Hkkjrh; nwjlapkj fofu;ked çkf/dj.k (VªkbZ) us rhljs pj.k ds {ks=kksa esa ,lVhch yxk, tkus dh çxfr ij larks"k O;Dr fd;k gSA VªkbZ us 'kgjh {ks=kksa ds mu miHkksDrkvksa dks ftudks ,lVhch ds fcuk dscy Vh-oh- lsok,a fey jgh gSa] mudks lykg nh gS fd fuckZ/ dscy Vhoh- lsokvksa dks çkIr djus ds fy, dV vkWiQ rkjh[k ls igys ,lVhch yxok ysaA mlus viuh uohure foKfIr esa le; lhek dks iwjk djus ds fy, viuh çfrc¼rk dh iqf"V dh gSA

lwpuk o çlkj.k ea=kky; dk ^fe'ku fMftVkbts'ku* lwpuk o çlkj.k ea=kky; us fMftVy ,Mªslscy flLVe (MSl) ds rhljs o pkSFks pj.k dks iwjk djus ds fy, ^fe'ku fMftVkbts'ku* uke dh ,d ;kstuk 'kq: dh gS vkSj blds fy, 13-02 djksM+ #i, fu/kZfjr fd, gSaA ;g tkudkjh lwpuk o çlkj.k jkT;ea=kh jkT;o/Zu flag jkBkSj us jkT;lHkk esa nhA jkBkSj us crk;k fd dqy ;kstuk vkoaVu esa ls çlkj.k ea=kky; us ,evkbZ,l lkWÝVos;j ds fy, 1 djksM+ #i, fu/kZfjr fd, gSAa jkT;ea=kh us ;g Hkh crk;k fd ,d cgqHkk"kh vkSj cgq&MsLd okyk Vksy izQh dkWy lsaVj ns'k esa py jgs dscy Vh-ohfMftVyhdj.k ds ckjs esa yksxksa ds ç'uksa dk lek/ku djus ds fy, fe'ku fMftVkbts'ku çkstDs V ds rgr LFkkfir fd;k x;k gSA mUgksaus dgk fd çsl lwpuk C;wjks (ihvkbZch) ds vf/dkfj;ksa dks ySiVkWi@LekVZiQksu fn, tk jgs gSa rkfd os çHkkoh <ax ls lwpuk VsDuksykWth dk mi;ksx dj lwpuk ns ldsaA blds vykok]

vf/dkfj;ksa dks ySiVkWi@LekVZiQksu nsus ds fy, ^ihvkbZch dk vk/qfudhdj.k* uked ,d Ldhe esa i;kZIr çko/ku fd, x, gSAa mUgksua s dgk fd ,d lkFk eYVh jkmaM vlsfUMax (,l,evkj,) bZ&uhykeh i¼fr ds vk/kj ij dh xbZ futh ,iQ,e jsfM;ks dh bZ&uhykeh ls ikjnf'kZrk lqfuf'pr gqbZ vkSj ,iQ,e jsfM;ks osOt dk lgh cktkj ewY; [kkstus esa enn feyhA mUgksaus dgk fd dksbZ Hkh fo'ks"k /ujkf'k vR;k/qfud VsDuksykWth dk mi;ksx djus ds mís'; ls ugha j[kh xbZ gSA okWV~l,Ii tSls eksckby ,Ii dk mi;ksx ekpZ 2015 esa jktLFkku esa ^csVh cpkvks] csVh i<+kvks* vfHk;ku vkSj vU; fo'ks"k vkmVjhp dk;ZØe ds fy, fMikVZesaV vkWiQ fiQYM ifCylhVh }kjk fd;k x;k gSA çlkj.k ea=kky; vkSj mlds fu;a=k.k ds rgr ehfM;k bdkb;ksa dh lHkh dh fV~oVj]

iQslcqd] CykWx] xwxy+] ;w&V~;cw vkSj baLVkxzke tSls fofHkUu lks'ky ehfM;k IysViQkWeZ ij mifLFkfr gS A bu IysViQke dh vklku vkSj O;kid igqap ds dkj.k budh tkudkjh ds çlkj ds fy, bLrseky fd;k tk jgk gSA çlkj.k ea=kky; ds fV~oVj vdkmaV 425 gtkj iQkWyksoj gSa vkSj blds iQslcqd vdkmaV ij 11 yk[k ykbDl gSaA CykWx ist dks 1]961]173 O;wt feys gSa] ;w&V~;wc ij 4]049]641 O;wt vkSj baLVkxzke ij 1]040 iQkWyksoj gSaA jkBkSj us crk;k fd ihvkbZch dh osclkbV fiQj ls cukbZ tk jgh gS vkSj ykbo LVªhfeax] LekVZiQksu vkSj gkbZ LihM czkMW cSMa tSlh ubZ VsDuksykWth dk bLrseky fd;k tk jgk gSA ohfM;ks dkWUizsQaflax dh lqfo/k Hkh j[kh tk jgh gS rkfd pfpZr U;wtesdj dh çsl dkWUizsQal dh ykbo LVªhfeax dh tk ldsA

ckfj'k dh otg ls rfeyukMq dk MsVk tqVkus esa ch,vkjlh dks nsjh 4 fnlacj dks lekIr gq, lIrkg ds fy, ch,vkjlh bafM;k ds Vsfyfotu n'kZdksa dh la[;k ds MsVk ls ,d cM+k vk'p;Z lkeus vk;kA fiNys dqN gÝrksa ls iwjs Hkkjr esa lcls T;knk ns[kk tkuk okyk pSuy lu Vh-oh-] 'kh"kZ 10

pSuyksa esa 'kkfey ugha gSA gkykafd] bldk eryc ;g ugha gS fd ch,vkjlh dh vksj ls dksbZ =kqfV gqbZ gSA ch,vkjlh us rfeyukMq vkSj iqMqpsjh ds fy, gÝrs ds O;wvjf'ki MsVk tkjh ugha fd, gSaA blhfy, lu Vh-oh- lwph ls

xk;c gks x;k gSA jsfVax ,tsalh us Li"V fd;k fd 48osa lIrkg esa ^ckfj'k vkSj ck<+ dh otg ls vojks/ks*a ds dkj.k rfeyukMq@ iqMqpsjh ds n'kZdksa dh la[;k ds MsVk bl ckj fjyht ugha fd, x, gSa vkSj tSls gh ;s miyC/ gks tk,axs mUgsa tkjh fd;k tk,xkAA


vkfo"dkj niZ.k ikf{kd

fnlEcj (f}rh;) 2015

MhMh Úh fM'k us cukbZ xSj&fganh ck”kkjksa esa foLrkj dh ;kstuk nwjn'kZu dh eqÝr Mk;jsDV&Vw&gkse (MhVh,p) lsok ÚhfM'k vizy S 2016 ls vius ,eihbZth4 lsV VkWi ckWDl (,lVhch) yxkus dh ;kstuk cuk jgh gSA blls ;g IysViQkWeZ vkSj vf/d pSuyksa dh is'kd'k dj ldsxkA ÚhfM'k xSj&fganh {ks=kh; pSuyksa ds fy, Hkh dqN [kkl LykWV vkjf{kr j[kus dh ;kstuk cuk jgh gSA bl dne ls oks xSj&fganh ck”kkjksa esa foLrkj dj ldsxhA nwjn'kZu ds MhMhth (def'kZ;y vkSj fcØh@ vkbZvkj o vkbZ,eMh@MhlhMh) lh-ds- tSu dk bl ckcr dguk gS fd

¶,fUØIVsM ,eihbZth4 ,lVhch vizy S 2016 ls yxk, tk,axAs vkSj ,slk djus esa dqN vkSj le; yxsxkA¸ mUgksua s dgk fd ,eihbZth2 ,lVhch ds foijhr] ,eihbZth4 ,lVhch dsoy vf/Ñr Mhyjksa ls izkIr fd, tk ldrs gSAa tSu us dgk] ¶,eihbZth4 ,lVhch ck”kkj ls [kjhns tk ldrs gS]a ysfdu os vf/Ñr fMLVªhC;wVj }kjk fn, tk,axAas ,lVhch ,fUØIVsM gS]a ij lClØkbcjksa dks fdlh Hkh 'kqYd dk Hkqxrku djus dh t#jr ugha gksxhA¸

Vh-oh- foKkiu ds ekeys esa cM+h diafu;ksa dks VDdj ns jgh iratyh cSzaM ,d rjiQ tgka dkjksckj ds ekeys esa ;ksx xq# ckck jkens o dk ira t yh cS a z M ,iQ,elhth daifu;ksa dks dM+h VDdj ns jgh gS] ogha foKkiuksa ds ekeys Hkh iratyh fnXxt dkjksckjh lewgksa dks iNkM+ jgh gSAa uoacj ds vkf[kjh gÝrs foKkiu nsus ds ekeysa esa iratyh czMaS ] dSMcjh vkSj isQ;j ,aM yoyh ds ckn rhljs uacj ij jgk gSA czkMdkLV vkWfM;al fjlpZ

vc ,lih,u uke ls tkuk tk,xk eYVh LØhu ehfM;k--eYVh LØhu ehfM;k (,e,l,e) vc lksuh fiDplZ usVodZ bafM;k izkbosV fyfeVsM (,lih,u) ds uke ls tkuk tk,xkA njvly daiuh us viuk uke cny fy;k gSA ns'k esa liQyrkiwoZd vius 20 lky ds ifjpkyu ds ekSds ij mlus ,slk fd;k gSA eYVh

baVjusV vkSj çfrLi/kZ &euh 'kadj vks>k

uo thou esa cnyko ykus esa baVjusV dh {kerk lkfcr djus esa vc dksbZ lansg ugha jg x;k gSA ;g yksxksa dks tksM+rk gS] tkx:d djrk gS vkSj mudk euksjt a u djrk gSA ;g mudh thou dh ;kstuk cukus vkSj mUgsa iwjk djus esa ennxkj gksrk gSA baVjusV dusfDVfoVh ds lkFk eksckby iQksu eksckby okWysV cu ldrk gSA blls cSad dh igqap ls nwj yksxksa rd cSafdax lqfo/k igqap tkrh gSA vius 90 djksM+ eksckby xzkgdksa ds etcwr vk/kj ds ne ij Hkkjr bl baVjusV vk/kfjr cnyko dks veyh tkek igukus dh csgrj fLFkfr esa gSA baVjusV lqfo/k ds fy, egt ,d LekVZiQksu vkSj ,d cf<;k nwjlapkj usVodZ dh njdkj gksrh gSA tgka rd LekVZiQksu dk laca/ gS rks fiNys dqN o"kksaZ esa mudh dherksa esa dkiQh fxjkoV vkbZ gSA u;k uosyk LekVZiQksu 3]000 #i, ls

LØhu ehfM;k ls igys daiuh us eYVh LØhu ;g daiuh lksuh ehfM;k ds :i esa gh ,aVjVsuesaV Vsfyfotu ds dke djuk tkjh j[kkA uke ls tkuh tkrh FkhA 14 fnlacj] 2015 ls daiuh us viuh jh&czfaS Max us V odZ viuh ubZ dh ?kks"k.kk igys gh dj igpku dk bLrs e ky nh Fkh] ysfdu daiuh dks cl djsxkA ,lih,u lksuh fiDplZ vuqefr dk bartkj FkkA bl chp ,aVjVsuesaV dk fgLlk gksxhA

Hkh de esa vk ldrk gS] lsdaM gSaM fMokbl rks vkSj Hkh lLrk fey tk,xkA ;gka leL;k dk ,d igyw lqy> tkrk gSA pqukSrh czkWMcSaM usVodZ ds ekspsZ ij gSA ;gha ij feÙky dh Hkkjrh ,;jVsy tSlh daifu;ksa dh Hkwfedk lkeus vkrh gSA dqN le; ls vkykspd dgrs vk jgs gSa fd Hkkjrh; nwjlapkj daifu;ksa us viuk equkiQk c<+kus ds fy, t:jr ls de fuos'k fd;k gSA mudk vkjksi gS fd jktLo dh rqyuk esa mudk iwathxr O;; cgqr de gSA blesa fdruh lPpkbZ gS\ Hkkjrh; cktkj Åaph çfrLi/kZ okyk gS vkSj 'kqYd dh de njksa ds pyrs ;gka nwjlapkj lsok,a nqfu;k esa lcls lLrh lsokvksa esa gSaA urhtru] çfr xzkgd ekfld jktLo 120 #i, ;k 2 MkWyj ls de gS] tks laHkor nqfu;k esa lcls de gSA blls vius usVodZ (LisDVªe vkSj gkMZo;s j) esa fuos'k dh nwjlapkj daifu;ksa dh {kerk dqan gksrh gS] tc rd fd os Hkkjh dtZ u ysa vkSj reke daifu;ksa us ;g jkg vf[r;kj Hkh dh gSA exj dtZ ysus dh Hkh ,d lhek gksrh gS] ftl nk;js esa os dtZ ys ldrh gSaA ;gh otg gS fd tc ge çfr nl yk[k xzkgdksa ij iwathxr [kpZ tSls okLrfod iSekuksa ij ns[krs gSa rks

7

Hkkjrh; daifu;ka [kLrkgkyr esa utj vkrh gSaA exj bls ns[kus dk nwljk igyw Hkh gSA nwjlapkj daifu;ksa dks ykbls a l 'kq Y d vkS j Lis D Vª e miHkksDrk 'kqYd ds rkSj ij ljdkj dks lkykuk jde vnk djuh iM+rh gS] tks dqy feykdj muds ldy jktLo ds 13 iQhlnh ds cjkcj gksrk gSA tkudkj dgrs gSa fd vxj vki lkykuk LisDVªe Hkqxrku dks Hkh blesa tksM+ ysa rks ;g vkadM+k 25 ls 30 iQhlnh rd igqap tkrk gSA tkudkjh ds fy, crk nsa fd Hkkjr esa LisDVªe dhersa nqfu;k esa lcls Åaph gSaA gkMZos;j ij lHkh [kpZ blls Åij gh gksrs gSaA vxj vki phu dh ckr djsa rks ogka nwjlapkj daifu;ka vius jktLo dk 30 iQhlnh iwt a hxr O;; ds :i esa [kpZ djrh gSa] tks Hkkjrh; daifu;ksa ds mrus [kpZ ls vyx ugha gSa] tks mUgsa lkykuk 'kqYdksa ds :i esa vnk djuk iM+rk gSA varj ;gh gS fd phu esa u rks LisDVªe mi;ksx 'kqYd nsuk iM+rk gS vkSj u gh ykblsal 'kqYdA Hkkjr esa tks jde ljdkjh [ktkus esa pyh tkrh gS] ogh jde phu esa nwjlapkj usVodZ esa fuos'k gksrh gSA ,sls esa LokHkkfod gS fd phu esa baVjusV dk vuqHko Hkkjr ls dbZ xquk csgrj gSA LisDVªe miHkksx

dkma f ly ds eqrkfcd] ira t yh ds foKkiuksa dks 21 ls 27 uoacj ds nkSjku Vh-oh- ij 12]969 ckj fn[kk;k x;kA iratyh ds ?kh vkSj uwMYl izkMW DV~l dk foKkiu djus okyh daiuh MhMhch eqnkz (ukWFkZ) dh izfs tMsVa oanuk nkl us dgk] fuf'pr rkSj ij vius dkjksckj dks c<+kus ds fy, iratyh us foKkiu ds [kpZ dks

c<+kus dk iSQlyk fy;k gSA oanuk nkl us dgk fd iratyh us dqN mRiknksa dh ekdsfZ Vax vkSj ,sMoVkbZftax djus dk iSQlyk fy;k gSA ehfM;k ,sMa ,MoVkZbftax ,DliV~l Z ds eqrkfcd] nks gtkj djksM+ #i, dh ckck jkenso dh daiuh iratyh vk;qonZs us 300 djksM+ #i, ls vf/d dh jkf'k fliZQ foKkiu ds fy, lqjf{kr j[kh xbZ gSAa daiuh us gky gh esa vius fcfLdV ds foKkiu ds fy, gsek ekfyuh dks gk;j fd;k gSA

;w&V~;wc tYnh gh 'kq: djsxh ubZ lfoZl ohfM;ks osclkbV ;w&V~;cw tYn gh Vh-oh- lhfjt vkSj ewoh lClfØI'ku lfoZl 'kq: dj ldrh gSA okWy LVªhV tuZy dh fjikZVZ ds eqrkfcd ;w&V~;cw $9-99 izfr ekg ij bl l£ol dh 'kq#vkr djds vius izfr}afn;ksa usVfÝyDl vkSj vestkWu ls VDdj ysuk pkgrh gSA [kcjksa ds eqrkfcd ;w&V~;cw ds dqN vf/dkfj;ksa us blds fy, gky gh esa gkWfyoqM LVwfM;kst vkSj nwljs izkMs D'ku gkml ds yksxksa ls eqykdkr dh gS] ftlesa mUgksua s ykblsl a

ij ppkZ dhA gkykafd vHkh rd ;g lkiQ ugha gks ik;k gS fd daiuh fdrus daVVs fn[kk,xh vkSj fdu lhfjt dks fn[kkus dk ykblsl a ysxh ij okWy LVªhV tuZy ds eqrkfcd ;w&V~;cw blds fy, dkiQh mRlqd gSA xkSjryc gS fd dbZ gkWfyoqM LVwfM;kst vkSj izkMs D'ku gkml vius daVVas dks ,si ds tfj, nsus ds fy, xwxy Iys ls djkj dj pqds gS]a ftlls daiuh dks ykblsl a ysus esa dkiQh enn feysxhA

'kqYd vkSj ykbll as 'kqYd tSlh ysoh vrhr esa rks rkfdZd yxrh Fkha] tc LisDVªe vkoafVr fd;k tkrk Fkk] rc nwjlapkj daifu;ksa dks ykblsal vkSj mlds lkFk feyus okys LisDVªe dk vf/ xzg.k djuk gksrk Fkk vkSj mlds fy, vyx ls 'kqYd vnk ugha djuk iM+rk FkkA vc tc LisDVªe dsoy uhykeh ds tfj, vf/xzghr fd;k tk ldrk gS rks ,slh ysoh viuh mi;ksfxrk [kks pqdh gSaA ;g ns[kuk eqf'dy gS fd Hkkjrh; nwjlapkj daifu;ka iwathxr O;; ds ekeys esa viuh oSf'od led{k daifu;ksa dh cjkcjh djus ds ckotwn vius vfLrRo dks cpk, j[k ldsaA fygktk vius equkiQk ekftZu dks cpk, j[kus ds fy, nwjlapkj daifu;ka 'kgjh bykdksa ds :i esa czkWMcSaM ds foLrkj ij è;ku dsafær dj jgh gSa] tgka muds fy, ;g vklku gksA tc rd nwjlapkj daifu;ksa dh foÙkh; lsgr mruh etcwr ugha gksrh] rc rd os xzkeh.k bykdksa esa foLrkj dks ysdj fgpdrh jgsaxhA tc rd ;g elyk ugha lqy>rk] rc

ç/kuea=kh ujsaæ eksnh dh egÙokdka{kh ifj;kstuk fMftVy bafM;k Hkh fljs ugha p<+ ik,xhA vc ;g fu.kZ; ljdkj dks djuk gS fd D;k og lHkh ds fy, baVjusV pkgrh gS ;k mls cl jktLo ls ysuk nsuk gS\ LisDVªe dh xq.koÙkk Hkh ,d vyx eqík gSA baVjusV ds fy, okW;l dkWy dh rqyuk esa vf/d LisDVªe dh njdkj gksrh gSA ,sls esa csgrj baVjusV vuqHko ds fy, Hkkjh ek=kk esa LisDVªe dh t:jr gSA Hkkjr esa nwjlapkj daifu;ksa ds ikl vkSlru 18 esxkgkWVl LisDVªe fofHkUu cSaMksa esa gS] tks 50 esxkgkWVl ds oSf'od vkSlr ls cgqr de gSA ;g vkSj Hkh cM+h foMacuk gS D;ksafd Hkkjr us 800 esxkgkWVl] 900 esxkgkWVl] 1800 esxkgkWVl] 2100 esxkgkWVl vkSj 2300 esxkgkWVl cSMa esa LisDVªe ds cM+s fgLls dh rks fcØh gh ugha dh gSA


vkfo"dkj niZ.k ikf{kd

8 LisDVªe ewY;kadu vkSj vkjf{kr ewY; dks ysdj ,d gkfy;k e'kfojk i=k es a Hkkjrh; nw j la p kj fu;ked çkf/dj.k (VªkbZ) us ,d ,sls cnyko dk çLrko j[kk gS ftlesa lcds fy, leku dkjksckjh volj dks folaxr dj nsus dh vk'kadk gSA ekStwnk fu;eksa ds rgr nwjlapkj lsok çnkrk fdlh lfdZy esa ,d fu;r izQhDosalh esa 50 iQhlnh vkSj dqy LisDVªe esa 25 iQhlnh ls vf/d dh fgLlsnkjh ugha j[k ldrsA ;g fu;e 800 esxkgkWVl] 900 esxkgkWVl] 1800 esxkgkWVl] 2100 esxkgkWVl] 2300 esxkgkWVl vkSj 2500 esxkgkWVl izQhDosalh ij ykxw gksrh gSA VªkbZ us vc 700 esxkgkWVl izQhDosla h esa LisDVªe dh uhykeh dk çLrko j[kk gSA pwafd ;g izQhDosalh igyh ckj csph tk jgh gS vr% uhykeh ds igys blds fy, LisDVªe lhek fu/kZfjr

LisDVªe ewY;kadu esa cnyko ds fy, VªkbZ dk çLrko &mn; Hkku djuk t:jh gSA ;g uhykeh ekpZ esa gks ldrh gSA fu;ked dk çLrko gS fd ,d esxkgkWVl (700] 800 vkSj 900 esxkgkWVl) ls de {kerk okyh lHkh izQhDosalh dks ,d lkFk dj fn;k tk, vkSj muds fy, ,d nwjlapkj lsok çnkrk dks 50 iQhlnh rd LokfeRo dh lhek r; dj nh tk,A mlus cSaM vk/kfjr lhek r; djus dk çLrko ugha j[kk gS (,d esxkgkWVl ls vf/d dh izQhDosalh ds fy, Hkh mlus 50 iQhlnh dh cSaM vk/kfjr lhek lekIr djus dh ckr dgh gS)A ,sls esa ,d nwjlapkj lsok çnkrk ds fy, ,d cSMa dk iwjk

LisDVªe [kjhnuk laHko gks tk,xkA [kklrkSj ij 700 esxkgkWVl izQhDosalh esa D;ksafd mldh uhykeh igyh ckj gksxhA tSlk fd VªkbZ us vius e'kfojk i=k esa dgk Hkh gS ;g izQhDosalh 4th ,yVhbZ (ykWx VeZ bokWY;q'ku) lsokvksa ds fy, cgqr vPNh laHkkouk,a lesVs gSA vxj dksbZ nwjlapkj lsok çnkrk ,d lfdZy esa iwjk cSaM [kjhn ysrk gS rks mls mPp izQhDosalh ij dke dj jgs nwljs lsok çnkrkvksa ij vPNh c<+r gkfly gks tk,xhA vc rd 4th ,yVhbZ lsok ds fy, ewy cSaM 1800 esxkgkWVl jgk gS ysfdu nqfu;k ds reke ns'kksa us blds fy, 700

esxkgkWVl izQhDosalh dk bLrseky Hkh 'kq: dj fn;k gSA vc ;g 4th ,yVhbZ lsok ds fy, rsth ls çkFkfed cSaM cu jgk gSA ;gh otg gS fd bl cSMa ds fy, eksckby iQksu gSaMlsV cgqr vklkuh ls miyC/ gSAa budh dherksa esa Hkh cgqr rsth ls fxjkoV vkbZ gSA D;ksfa d Hkkjr esa vc nwjlapkj daifu;ksa dk iwjk tksj dkWy ls MkVk dh vksj LFkkukarfjr gks jgk gS vkSj 4th ,yVhbZ lsok vR;ar rst baVjusV nsus dh is ' kd'k djrh gS blfy, bl izQhDosalh dks ysdj dkiQh dqN nkao ij yxk gqvk gSA vc ;g VªkbZ dk dke gS fd og ;g lqfuf'pr djs fd dksbZ ,d nwjlapkj lsok çnkrk fu;eksa dk nq#i;ksx u djs vkSj bl [kkl izQhDosalh esa rjaxksa ij viuk ,dkf/dkj u dk;e djsA gdhdr

fnlEcj (f}rh;) 2015

esa] vxj VªkbZ ds çLrko dks Lohdkj dj fy;k x;k rks fdlh Hkh nwjlapkj lsok çnkrk ds fy, rduhdh rkSj ij ;g laHko gks tk,xk fd og fdlh ,d lfdZy esa 800 esxkgkWVl ;k 900 esxkgkWVl cSaM esa iwjk LisDVªe [kjhn ysA vrhr esa bu nksuksa cSaM dk LisDVªe iqjkuh LisDVªe lhek ds fu;eksa ds rgr cspk x;k Fkk tgka ,d cSaM esa 50 iQhlnh vkSj dqy LisDVªe esa 25 iQhlnh [kjhnk tk ldrk gSA ,sls esa nwjlapkj daifu;ksa us bl ckr dks è;ku esa j[kdj cksyh yxkbZA chp esa fu;eksa dks cnyuk mu daifu;ksa ds lkFk xyr gksxkA tkfgj lh ckr gS fd Hkkjrh; lsY;qyj vkWijsVj la?k us viuh fpark trk nh gSA mEehn gS fd VªkbZ Hkh tk;t fparkvksa ij fopkj djsxkA

fMthVkbZts'ku us idM+h jÝrkj vc ugha Fkesxha--&MWk-,-ds-jLrksxh &'ks"k Hkkx 3 dk dgus dks rks dscy Vh-oh- ,DV&1995 Hkh cuk;k x;k] ysfdu mles dscy Vh-oh- dks fu;fU=kr vFkok fn'kk nsus ds fy, dqN ugha FkkA dscy Vh-ohO;olk; djus okys dscy Vh-ohvkWijsVjksa dks viuk i×thdkj.k iksLV vkWfiQl esa djokuk vfuok;Z Fkk clA ysfdu fdlh dscy Vh-oh- vkWijsVj us viuk i×thdj.k djok;k ;k ugha ;g ns[kus okyk dksbZ ugha FkkA blh rjg ls pSuyksa ds fy, Hkh dksbZ dkuwu ugha cuk;k x;kA ckr Hkj pyh Fkh ^izlkj.k fo/s;d* ykus dh ysfdu Hkkjr ljdkj bruh fgEer ugha tqVk ldh fd pSuyksa ij fu;U=k.k ds fy, ns'k fgr esa czkMdkfLVax yk ikrhA ,slh ckr ugha fd ljdkj bl fo"k; ij vutku Fkh] cfYd ehfM;k ds {ks=k esa fons'kh idM+ ds c<+rs tk jgs izHkko ls og iwjh rjg ls ifjfpr FkhA dbZ ckj ^czkMdkfLVax fcy* ykus ij ljdkjh dksf'k'ks dh Hkh xbZ] ijUrq fons'kh ykfcax ljdkjh djxqtkjh ij iyhrk isQj tkrh FkhA lhek ds ml ikj cSBs yksx tks vkius pSuyksa dk Hkkjr esa foLrkj dj pqds Fks] og fdlh Hkh :i esa ugha pkgrs Fks fd vc ljdkj mu ij fdlh Hkh rjg dk fu;U=k.k yxk,A ljdkj dh vliQyrkvksa ds dkj.k Hkkjr esa vusd fons'kh pSuyksa us viuk iwjk lkezkT; dk;e dj fy;kA Hkkjr ds uHk e.My esa [kqys vkdk'k esa tks Hkh pSuy dscy Vh-oh- vkWijsVjksa dks fey tkrs Fks og mUgsa fjlho dj mudks vius n'kdksZ dks miyC/ djok nsrs FksA muds pSuyksa dks Hkkjrh;

lekt esa [kwc yksdfiz;rk feyrh pyh xbZA yksdfiz;rk ds fglkc ls gh mUgksaus vius pSuyksa dks izlkj.k djus ds ,ot esa vkWijsVjksa ls Hkkjh jkf'k Hkh clwyuh 'kq: dj nh ysfdu ljdkj dh uhan ugha VwVhA vkf[kjdkj Hkk-t-ik- dh ,u-Mh-,- ljdkj vkbZ ekuuh; vVyfcgkjh cktis;h th ns'k ds iz/kueU=kh cusA rRdkyhu ljdkj esa lwpuk o izlkj.k eU=kky; Hkkjr ljdkj dk nkf;Ro lEHkky jgh Jhefr lq"kek Lojkt us czkMdkLVlZ dh euekuh ij vadq'k yxkus ds fy, gh dscy Vh-oh- ,DV 1995 esa ,d cM+k la'kks/u dj ^d.Mh'uy ,Dlsl flLVe*(dSl@CAS) dk dkuwu cuk;kA fons'kh czkMdkLVlZ ds fy, ,sls fdlh Hkh dkuwu dks fuxy ikuk cgqr dfBu Fkk tks mUgsa Hkkjrh; dkuwu ds nk;js esa ykrk gks D;ksfd og rks bl {ks=k esa [kqYyk viuh euekuh pyk jgs FksA mudh olwyh c<+rh tk jgh FkhA tks fd dscy Vhoh- vkWijsVjksa dh tsc ls T;knk Hkkjh gksus yxh Fkh] vr% vkWijsVjksa us dscy Vh-oh- miHkksDrkvksa ls is pSuyksa dh jkf'k olwyus dh eqfge pykbZ rc ckr lh/s ljdkj ds dkuksa rd igqaph vkSj dSl dk dkuwu cuk;k x;kA ysfdu dkuwu cukuk vkSj mlds ykxw fd, tkus esa cgqr cM+k iQoZQ gksrk gS ;g rHkh irk yxkA 14 tuojh 2003 dks dSl ykxw fd, tkus dh vf/lwpuk tkjh gks tkus ds ckotwn Hkh tc dkuwu dks Bsaxk fn[kk fn;k x;k rc ekeyk fnYyh gkbZdksVZ esa igq¡pkA gkbZdksVZ esa yEch pyh lquokbZ ds ckn 14 tucjh

2003 dh vf/lwpuk dk 1 tuojh 2007 dks ikyu gks ldk tc dSl dk izFke pj.k ljdkj dks ykxw djus ds fy, ckè; gksuk iM+k FkkA gkykfd bl chp ns'k dh ljdkj Hkh cny pqdh Fkh vkSj 2004 esa Mh-Vh-,p- Hkh izpyu esa vk pqdk FkkA le; ds vuqlkj VsDuksykWth esa rsth ls cnyko gks jgk Fkk] dSl dk dkuwu rc dh t:jr ds fglkc ls cuk;k x;k Fkk] ftles dscy is pSuyksa dks gh fMthVy ,MªsflcYVh dh xbZ Fkh] tcfd izQh Vq ,;j pSuyksa ds fy, ,ukykx esa izlkj.k ij dskbZ izfrcU/ ugha FkkA dSl dks ykxw djok, tkus ds fy, gh rRdkyhu ljdkj us Hkkjr esa izpfyr izR;sd pSuy ds izlkj.k ds fy, MkmQufyad vuqefr dk dkuwu cuk;k Fkk] tcfd blls iwoZ nqfu;k esa dgha ls Hkh vifyad pSuy dks MkmQufyad dj vklkuh ls ns'k Hkj esa izlkj.k fd;k tkrk FkkA fdlh Hkh pSuy ds }kjk Hkkjrh; dkuwuksa dk mya?ku fd, tkus ij og lh/s&lh/ s vius vki dks dkuwu ds nk;jksa ls vyx dj fy;k djrs Fks fd muds pSuy dks Hkkjr ls ugha ckgj ls vifyad fd;k tkrk gS vr% Hkkjr ds dkuwu ml ij ykxw ugha gksrs gSA ljdkj us lcls igys izR;sd pSuy ds fy, Hkkjr ls vifyd ijeh'ku vfuok;Z dh rc mUgsa Hkkjrh; dkuwu ds nk;js es ykuk lEHko gks ldkA dqy feyk dj vkt rd Hkkjr ljdkj us 955 pSuyksa dks izlkj.k dh vuqefr nh ftuesa ls 125 yk;lsl a jí Hkh fd, x,A bl izdkj dqy 830 pSuyksa ds fy, gh izlkj.k dh

vuqefr gSA ftuesa 398 U;wt ,oa 432 uku U;wt pSuy gSA buesa dqy 725 pSuyksa us vifyad o MkmQufyad vuqefr yh gS] ftues 376 U;wt o 349 uku U;wt pSuy 'kkfey gSA Hkkjr ljdkj ls vifyad vuqefr izkIr djus okys 20 pSuy ,sls Hkh gSa ftUgsa Hkkjr esa MkmQufyad djus dk vf/dkj ugha gS muesa 7 pSuy U;wt o 13 pSuy uku U;wt ds gSA fons'kksa ls vifyad gks jgs 85 pSuyksa us Hkkjr esa MkmQufyad dh ijeh'ku ljdkj ls izkIr dh gS] bues 15 U;wt o 70 pSuy uku U;wt 'kkfey gSA ek=k 25 o"kZ ds vYidky esa gh vkleku dh mQpkbZ;ksa ij igqap tkus okyk dscy Vh-oh- O;olk; vHkh Fkek ugha gS bldh izxfr jÝrkj vkSj rst gks xbZ gSA ,ukykx ls fMthVy ij tkus ls rks tSls ia[k gh yx x, gSA dqy 106 pSuyksa dk gh ,ukykx VsDuksykWth esa izlkj.k dj ikuk lEHko Fkk] tcfd yxkrkj c<+rh jgh pSuyksa dh l[a;k gtkj dks ikj dj ysus ds fy, vkrqj gSA ,sls esa ,ukWykx rduhd rks cgqr igys gh pjejk xbZ Fkh] D;ksafd is&pSuyksa dk vk£Fkd cks> dscy Vh-oh- vkWijsVjksa ds fy, gks x;k Fkk] rHkh rks ^dSl* dkuwu cuk Fkk] ijUrq tc dSl dkuwu cuk;k x;k Fkk] rc dscy Vh-oh- dk dksbZ fodYi miyC/ ugha Fkk] tcfd vc dscy Vh-oh- ij miHkksDrkvksa dh fuHkZjrk ugha jg xbZ gSA og pkgsa rks Mh-Vh-,p- ds }kjk Hkh vius ilan ds pSuyksa dks izkIr dj ldrs gSA ifCyd czkMdkfLaVx l£ol ds vUrZxr

nwjn'kZu dk Mh Mh Mk;jsdV Mh-Vh,p- Hkh eqÝr esa miyC/ gS] tcfd N% vU; Mh-Vh-,p- izpyu esa gSA bl izdkj miHkksDrkvksa ds fy, vkt fodYi gSA og viuh tsc vkSj ilUnuqlkj pSuy izkIr dj ldrk gSA 25 o"kZ iwoZ tc fdlh us dscy Vh-oh- O;olk; dh 'kq:vkr dh Fkh rc vkt tSlh fLFkfr;ksa ds fy, dYiukvksa esa tkuk Hkh cgqr dfBu gksrk FkkA rc rks ,d ohfM;ks pSuy dks dbZ Vsfyfotuksa rd igqapk ikuk ,d cM+h pqukSrh gqvk djrh Fkh] ysfdu dscy Vh-oh- vkt ftl fn'kk dh vksj vxzlj gS vkt ljyrk ls ;g vuqeku yxk;k tk ldrk gS fd vkf[kj ;g O;olk; fdl Hkfo"l dh vkSj c<+ jgk gSA dscy Vh-oh-ds {ks=k esa vikj O;olkf;d lEHkkouk,¡ fn[kkbZ ns jgh gS] ysfdu ns'k ds cgqr lkjs dscy Vh-oh- vkWijsVjksa ds fy, le; ds lkFk Lo;a esa ifjorZu ykuk dfBu gks jgk gS] og ,ukykx ls gh fpiVs jguk pkgrs gS] mUgsa cnyrh VsDuksykWth esa viuk Hkfo"; vlqjf{kr yx jgk gSA ,sls vkWijsVjksa dks lp le>uk gksxkA VsDuksykWth dk lnSo Lokxr djuk pkfg,A cnyko rks izkÑfr dk fu;e gS] cnyko ls Hk; ugha gksuk pkfg,A


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fnlEcj (f}rh;) 2015

Concern of Cell Phones Related Health Problems H ealth related effects of radiation emitted by mobile phones and towers have become a global concern. It is found that the exposure to radiation from mobile towers and mobile phones could have an adverse impact on male fertility and also pose health hazards by depleting the defence mechanism of cells. Chronic exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation [RF-EMW] caused double-strand DNA breaks in sperm cells. The tests showed that mobile radiation exposure can cause a statistically significant decrease in the sperm count and testes weight. Tests have shown significant increase in ROS [reactive oxygen species — a kind of free radical] level in radiation exposed rats…an increased ROS production can damage macromolecules [lipid, protein, DNA], thus causing threat of heart disease, cancer, arthritis, Alzheimer ’s disease and accelerate ageing. Electromagnetic field increases the concentration of free radicals which may enhance the probability of damage to the biological system. Excessive and prolonged use of cellular phones as radiation levels from handsets could affect

the brain. More usage of cellular phones means greater threat. Formation of free radicals in the brain is a matter of concern because of their potential toxic effects at high levels of brain function and its physiology and command on several other organs. It is well established that when there is an imbalance between free radicals and its neutralisation, it leads to oxidative stress. Such conditions can lead to tumour promotion. Present concern about mobile phone exposure to human beings is focused on brain. The effects of EMFs emitted by mobile phones on the central nervous system have become a particular focus of concern as mobile phones are kept near the head in talking mode and are in close proximity to the brain. During these operations, the antenna of a cellular phone emits radio frequency electromagnetic fields that can penetrate 4-6 cm into the human brain. When a human body, which consists of 90 per cent water, is exposed to the electromagnetic field, it absorbs radiation. When food is cooked in a microwave oven, water in the food content is heated first. Similar is the case with human body. Microwave absorption effect is much

more significant in body parts which contain more fluid-like blood or the brain. There could be thermal effects caused by holding mobile phones close to the body and extended conversations over a long period of time. There could be possibly nonthermal effects from both phones and base stations whereby the effects could also be cumulative. Some people may be adversely affected by the environmental impact of mobile phone base stations situated near their homes, schools or any other place. Those, who loved using Short Message Service (SMS) frequently, developed uneasiness, anger and sleeplessness. The youths in the habit of texting SMS, were falling prey to depression and fear. Nearly 47 per cent females and 39 per cent males accepted that their text messaging habit hit their daily routine in some way. Around 60 per cent youths feel that the habit was even affecting their studies. 40 per

Enormous Space for Non-issues -Contd. for page no 3rd The government doctors posted to primary health centres usually come for a day or two each month, and run their private nursing homes in the cities the rest of the time. India is broadly a country of immigrants. About 92 to 93 per cent people living in India today are descendants of immigrants, and not the original inhabitants. Because we are broadly a country of immigrants there is tremendous diversity in India – so many religions, castes, languages, ethnic groups, etc. Hence it is absolutely essential if we wish to keep united and

prosper that there must be tolerance and equal respect to all communities living in India. The media should help our people to move forward into the modern, scientific age. For this purpose the media should propagate rational and scientific ideas, but instead of doing so a large section of our media propagates superstitions of various kinds. Many channels show astrology. Astrology is not to be confused with astronomy. While astronomy is a science, astrology is pure superstition and humbug. Even a little common sense can tell us that there is no rational connection between the movements of the stars

and planets, and whether a person will die at the age of 50 years or 80 years, or whether he will be a doctor or engineer or lawyer. No doubt most people in our country believe in astrology, but that is because their mental level is very low. The media should try to bring up that level, rather than to descend to it and perpetuate it. The Indian media must now introspect and develop a sense of responsibility and maturity. Media should play a key role in providing timely and accurate information and constructive criticism of government’s actions.

cent females and 45 per cent males admitted that they did not enjoy sound sleep. If there is no reply to the SMS, 55 per cent youths get upset, while 32 per cent feel dejected, presuming that no one wanted to be in their contact. Around 93 per cent turn anxious after they don’t get a reply to their SMS for a long time. 41 per cent keep checking their mobile phone hand sets for reply after texting their SMS and this anxiousness is called ‘Textaphrenia’. Human cells have their own set of antioxidant defence mechanisms to fight with free radical formation and to overcome the limit of damaging effects. Microwave radiation may alter the level of antioxidant due to free radical formations. There should be mandatory declaration of radiation level on each mobile handset. In India, necessary amendments were carried out in the Access Service Licenses in 2008 mandating selfcertification radiation levels of towers to ensure compliance with WHOendorsed guidelines of International Commission for Non-ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) adopted by India Each instance of noncompliance carries a penalty of Rs.5 lakhs. Despite these dysfunctional elements, mobile phones play very important roles in our daily life. We are very much dependent on mobile phones. But, we must keep in mind the health related effects of mobile phones and take due care. A new study could re-ignite the debate over the potentially dangerous effects of cell phone radiation on children’s behavior. Researchers from the Yale School of Medicine found that exposing pregnant mice to radiation from a cell phone affected the behavior of their offspring later. They found that the mice exposed to radiation as fetuses were more hyperactive, had more anxiety and poorer memory — symptoms associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) — than mice who were not exposed to radiation. Neurological tests revealed that the radiation exposure led to abnormal development of neurons in the part of the brain linked to ADHD, leading the authors to

9 suggest that cell phone radiation exposure may play a role in the disorder. During critical windows in neurogenesis, the brain is susceptible to numerous environmental insults; common medically relevant exposures include ionizing radiation, alcohol, tobacco, drugs and stress. There have been a number of studies that looked at how cell phone radiation can possibly affect humans in different ways, from the development of cancer to behavior problems. Data have been inconclusive so far, and there has been no evidence of causation. A study of more than 28,000 Danish children found that exposure to cell phones both before and after birth increased the risk for behavior problems. Similar research sounded alarms in the media when news outlets reported that a particular study found that using mobile phones can cause serious harm to babies. That study did find that Danish mothers who used cell phones during pregnancy reported more behavioral problems in their children, but the author said it was merely an association. There have also been several studies that examined the link between cell phones and cancer in children and adults, which also yielded inconsistent findings. A European study published found that cell phone users were not at higher risk for cancer, although the research couldn’t definitively rule that risk out. This research came just months after the World Health Organization said cell phones were a possible cause for cancer. The American Cancer Society’s position is that there could be some cancer risk, but supporting evidence is not very strong. The agency urges people who are concerned to limit cell phone use, especially among children. And almost every phone manufacturer includes warnings in packaging urging users to take precautions. There is an increase in the demand of mobile applications as more and more people are using smart phones. The future is mobile and all the services and offerings are going to run through application. India has more mobile connections than PCs or TVs and landline phones.


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11 Pakistan channels among illegal foreign TV networks viewed in India At least 24 unauthorized foreign TV channels, including 11 from Pakistan, are being transmitted by cable operators in the country illegally and the Intelligence Bureau has warned the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting that some content may be a security concern. Only 84 foreign TV channels currently have the permission to be down linked in India after they are uplinked from abroad, Rathore said in Parliament l in response to a

question on foreign TV channels in the Lok Sabha. Pakistani channels such as Dawn, Express and QTV feature on the list of the unauthorised channels, along with others such as Saudi TV and Dubai's Peace TV. Many of these Pakistani channels are transmitted in Jammu Kashmir and Punjab, according to a India Today report from 2012, while channels from Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh are watched more in the north-eastern states in the country.

DD spends 29% of annual expenditure on terrestrial distribution Around 29 per cent of the total expenditure of Doordarshan is spent on terrestrial distribution annually, the Parliament was told today.However, Prasar Bharati says that the viewership data recived at present still does not show the terrestrial viewership for rural viewers separately, Minister of State for

IPL with new teams

Viewership of DD channels across India 596 million The government said that as per Broadcast Audience Research Council (BARC) data of the last six weeks, total viewership of Doordarshan channels across India is 596 million. This was stated by Information and Broadcasting Minister Arun Jaitley in a written reply in Lok Sabha. "As per BARC data of last 6 weeks (41 to 46 weeks) (after inclusion of rural markets),

total viewership of DD channels across all India is 596 million," he said. He said DD National with 354 million leads among all Doordarshan channels followed by DD Punjabi in second position with 99 million and DD News which is third with 21 million viewership.

260 applications is pending for new satellite TV channels Even as India has a total of 830 private satellite television channels, as many as 260 applications are pending with the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (MIB) for grant of permission to operate TV channels. As grant of permission is a continuous process, only cumulative data is maintained, Minister of State for Information and Broadcasting Col Rajyavardan

Singh Rathore told the Parliament .While 37 channels including 11 news channels were permitted in 2012, the number of clearances came down to only seven in 2013 including four news channels. In 2014, a total of 45 channels were cleared including 14 news channels, while 42 channels were cleared until November-end this year, which included only three news channels.

Discovery unveils its first streaming service Discovery Communications, whose channels include TLC and Animal Planet, has rolled out its first TV Everywhere streaming service that will give viewers access to live and on-demand shows on desktop, tablet and mobile devices. Called ‘Discovery Go,’ the service will allow authenticated cable

subscribers to watch shows from the following nine US networks: Discovery Channel, TLC, Animal Planet, Investigation Discovery, Science Channel, Velocity, Destination America, American Heroes Channel and Discovery Life.

fnlEcj (f}rh;) 2015

Mobile phone maker Intex Technologies and power utility CESC Ltd chairman Sanjiv Goenka’s ‘New Rising’ are the two new team owners for the next two years of the Indian Premier League (IPL). The announcement was made following the bidding process in New Delhi, where the IPL Governing Council meeting is underway. Both bids went into minus, which means that the two new franchises will not be taking any central revenue, which is estimated at Rs.65-70 crore per franchise, from the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), said IPL chairman Rajeev Shukla. The BCCI stands to make Rs.170 crore through this reverse bidding process. Rajkot was recently named as one of India’s newest Test centres and is expected to host its first Test match next year.

Information and Broadcasting Rajyavardhan Rathore said.In January 2003, Doordarshan had set up four digital transmitters, one each at Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai on an experimental basis using Digital Video Broadcasting Transmission (DVB-T) System to gain experience in digital

transmission technology.As part of the 11th Plan Scheme, four High Definition TV (HDTV) digital High Power Transmitters (HPTs) have been installed at Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai and are ready for commissioning.A total of 63 digital HPTs (40 in 11th Plan and 23 in 12th Plan) have also been approved as part of digitisation schemes.

Star Sports to be broadcast partner of Premier Badminton League Speaking on the partnership, a Star Sports spokesperson said, "Star Sports will air all the action from the Premier Badminton League, with the world's top shuttlers set to square off in the country's largest badminton tournament. The prospect of the best of badminton world playing for various teams in the Premier Badminton League is tremendously exciting. The

PBL will have 18 matches, including two semifinals and one final match, and all the games will be telecast live by Star Sports over 16 days. The PBL 2016 will feature six franchises and each franchise will host a two-day leg. The matches will be held during evening for the prime time television broadcast.The final match will be held here on January 17.

Internet advertising to take over television by 2018 India, Indonesia and Philippines emerge as hot spots of ad spend growth as per ZenithOptimedia’s Advertising Expenditure Forecast of December 2015. These are the only three markets in which adspend are growing at double-digit annual rates. Between 2015 and 2018 the report estimates Philippines to expand by USD 1.2 billion dollars at growth rate of 13% a year, while’s India’s ad spends will increase to USD 3 billion also at 13% a year. The report highlights paid search as one of the key reasons for televisions loss of adspend share. Paid search

is essentially a direct response channel (together with classified), while television is the pre-eminent brand awareness channel which is expected to remain so for many years to come. Television offers unparalleled capacity to build reach, while online video offers pinpoint targeting and the potential for personalisation of marketing messages. Both are powerful tools for establishing brand awareness and associations. As per the report, television will account for 44.7% of display expenditure in 2015, and 42.9% in 2018.

139 channels violating 12 mins AdCap rule A Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) report reveals that 27 news and current affairs and 112 general entertainment channels continue to violate the regulations for telecasting a maximum of twelve minutes of advertisements and commercials. The report

released by TRAI shows that the number of violators among news channels has come down from 36 while that of non-news channels has risen from the 105 as on June 29. Average duration per hour of Advertisements (commercial and selfprom-

otional) during peak hours (7pm to 10 PM) in pay news channels for the period June 29 to September 27, 2015 shows that the highest of these is 20.99 minutes by Zee Akaash News Pvt. Ltd and the lowest is 12.55 minutes by Zee Media Corporation Limited.


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fnlEcj (f}rh;) 2015

RIO to form starting point for negotiations between broadcasters and platforms In a landmark judgment, the Telecom Disputes Settlement & Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT) has ruled that the reference interconnect offer (RIO) would form the starting point for any negotiation between broadcasters and distributors like multi-system operators (MSOs), direct-to-home (DTH) and headend-in-the-sky (HITS) operators. The TDSAT also said that the RIO must reflect not only the rates of channels but also the

different bouquets in which the broadcaster wishes to offer its channels for distribution, along with the rates of each of the formation or bouquet. Furthermore, the a la carte rate and the bouquet rates must conform to the ratio mandated in Clause 13.2A.12, i.e. the sum of the a la carte rates of the pay channels should not exceed 1.5 times of the rate of that bouquet

FFI urges film industry to pledge one day's earnings to Chennai The Film Federation of India (FFI) has appealed to all members of the film fraternity to pledge one day’s theatrical collections from all across the country for the relief work in Chennai. In a note sent to all association bodies and members, FFI president J P Chowksey said that the amount can be deposited in the Prime Minister’s Relief Fund.

BARC India Calls for Global Rfi’s For Digital Measurement The Broadcast Audience Research Council (BARC) India has issued a global Request for Information (RFI) as it readies itself to expand audience measurement to the digital space. The move comes in the wake of television becoming a crossplatform medium, available through a variety of distribution systems,

including Broadcast, IP, Mobile Networks and a growing number of connected screens through which audio-visual content is consumed. With the initial focus being on measuring TV viewing habits via BAR-OMeters through watermarking technology, BARC India has built a path breaking audience measurement system for the Indian television market.

DEN Networks mulls demerger of broadband business DEN Networks is planning to demerge its broadband business into a separate subsidiary. A key reason for this is the lack of clarity on whether multi-system operators (MSOs) have to pay 8 per cent adjusted gross revenue (AGR) as licence fee on only the broadband business or the company’s total income. The demerger will also allow DEN to increase its focus on the broadband business, which is still at an early stage of growth. “We are actively considering a demerger of our broadband business. We do not have a large broadband business at this stage, but there are aggressive growth plans.

and the a la carte rates of each pay channel should in no case exceed three times the average rate of a pay channel of that bouquet. The tribunal also said that RIOs must clearly spell out any bulk discount schemes or any special schemes based on regional, cultural or linguistics considerations that would be available on a nondiscriminatory basis to all seekers of signals.

11

RailTel signs agreement with Google India RailTel Corporation of India Limited (RCIL) under the Railway Ministry had signed an agreement with Mahataa Information India Pvt Ltd (MIIPL), is a subsidiary of Google Inc. Their aim is to provide Wi-Fi in 400 Indian railway stations in two phases, said the official statement from the Railway Ministry. Non-suburban stations with an annual passenger earning of more than Rs 60 crore are

MIB reminds broadcasters & MSOs of DAS Phase III signal transmission laws After the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) firmly ruled out any extension of Phase III of digital addressable systems (DAS), the Information and Broadcasting Ministry today told broadcasters that “it is obligatory to stop TV signals to multi system operators (MSOs) and local cable operators (LCOs) who are not registered with the Ministry for operation in DAS notified areas.” In a letter sent to all broadcasters and MSOs, Ministry joint secretary (broadcasting) R Jaya said, “All the broadcasters are requested to ensure to stop TV signals to those MSOs who are not registered with this

Ministry for operation in DAS notified areas under Phase Ill and/or those who are not transmitting digitally encrypted TV signals in phase Ill areas after the cut-off date of 31 December, 2015.” The letter aimed at drawing the attention of all broadcasters is drawn to certain rules, regulations and guidelines related to transmission of television signals in connection with approaching cut-off date for Phase Ill of cable digitisation in the country.

‘Mele Ka Big Star’ BIG Magic Ganga, Reliance Broadcast Network’s regional channel for Bihar, Jharkhand and Purvanchal, has launched the seventh season of ‘Mele Ka Big Star ’. Combining the biggest melas of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, ‘Mele Ka Big Star’ will bring forth hidden talent from across the Hindi heartland. Presented by Dabur Red Paste and

powered by Reliance Cement, with 92.7 BIG FM as the Radio partner, ‘Mele Ka Big Star’ is spread across nine cities and nine melas. It will reach out to more than 15 million people from the region. Viewers can also tune in to Big Magic Ganga for details or submit their auditions through Mele Ka Big Star app, which is available at the Google Play Store.

categorised as A1 stations. Non-suburban stations with an annual passenger earning of Rs 8 crore and upto Rs 60 crore have been categorised as A stations. The project shall be undertaken in two phases to cover 75 Class A1 and 325 Class A stations. Phase one will cover 100 of these stations, while in phase two Wi-Fi facility will be extended to the other 300 stations.

Zee Cafe and its foray into HD

Zee Cafe has grown from 21-22 per cent to 42per cent while Zee Studio has seen a growth from 7-8 per cent to 13 per cent this year. Zee Cafe has recently been converted to a HD channel. Zaidi says out that the over the years, the demand for English entertainment content has just increased and the audiences are willing to invest their time and money to watch the best and the latest. With this new step, the bouquet is taking TV viewing experience a notch higher. The channel is home to popular shows and is a trendsetter in the industry. There was a demand for a high definition experience of the shows that are aired on Zee Cafe. Due to the t e c h n o l o g i c a l advancements and with the advance of 4K television in the metro cities, the audience wants a detailed viewing experience. Zaidi says that this conversion is a natural progression for the premium channel.

Star Movies Select HD to premiere 'Saving Mr. Banks' and 'Mary Poppins' Star Movies Select HD is all geared up to celebrate Walt Disney’s 114 birthday by premiering Saving Mr. Banks at 1 pm and Mary Poppins at 3 pm on December 13, 2015. The two movies will be aired on

the channel’s weekend property Select Sundays: A Tribute to Walt Disney. Walt Disney was born on December 5, 1901. The plot of Saving Mr. Banks is spurred on by a promise Walt Disney made to

his daughters. Walt Disney, played by Tom Hanks, embarks on what would become a 20-year quest to obtain the movie rights for Mary Poppins. The author P.L. Travers played by Emma

Thompson, proves to be an uncompromising curmudgeon who has no intention of letting her beloved characters become mangled in the Hollywood machine.

However, when the books stop selling and she finds herself in need of money, Travers reluctantly agrees to consider Disney's proposition.


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Aavishkar Darpan December 2nd issue 2015  
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