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April 2013

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Call 01293 851913 Email: Website: Liston House, Faygate Lane, Faygate, RH12 4SJ

March 2013

April 2013



Now delivering to 13,300 Homes and Businesses in the District

Peace and Conflict Toby Phillips (All AAH Photography) and Ben Morris (AAH Editorial & Advertising) I first met Jim Duggan whilst covering the 2010 General Election when I was editor at a free newspaper. I’ve enjoyed political reporting because it attracts fascinating characters, from the smart and cunning to the ludicrous and comical. But it was hard to get excited about that particular campaign. Francis Maude’s vote slip pile was briefly the highest man-made structure in the world, so there was no excitement in terms of the count, and he was too shrewd to say anything controversial in interviews. Then Jim Duggan pulled up in an old Volvo estate with Cat Stevens playing from a loudspeaker rigged-up in the back. Looking like an amalgamation of Billy Connolly and Doc Brown in ‘Back to the Future’, he ambled in wearing a white suit, thick yellow glasses, silver medallion and a selection of anti-war badges. And swiftly, the man who would amass just 253 votes had stolen the show. I suspect that some people view Jim as a caricature, but it was a joy to interview him for this edition and find there was much more to him than doves and olive branches. I was also intrigued by an article by Theo Cronin, the News Editor of the West Sussex County Times. If you haven’t read his bold and insightful column on 28th March, he offers a forthright opinion on an unusual stance by Horsham District Council. Whilst trying

to write a pre-event feature on the councilorganised Piazza Italia festival, Mr Cronin was told he could not talk to the council officer responsible for organising this terrific annual event. Instead he would have to talk to the elected cabinet member for communication, Horsham Town and Special Projects. The journalist refused, for reasons he puts far more eloquently than I can in the space available to me here. It’s a stance that I support. Elected members sometimes have little option but to serve up identikit quotes on a matter they know little

about, through no fault of their own. If it is a stance the council strictly implements, we would follow the County Times’ lead and give it short shrift. In this edition we have an interview with Michael Gattrell, who is leaving the council-run Capitol theatre for pastures new. He is a fine example of how council employees can at times work with the local media to bring far more benefit - to residents and indeed the council - than the elected cabinet members.

Ben, Editor

Cover Story



April 2013

For a time, we considered a photo of Nathanael Landskroner, a young actor and singer, for the cover. The picture was taken on the steps of an old barn on his family’s farm. But we chose an image of Francesco Raciti, owner of Carmela restaurant and a wellknown personality in the town. Toby had set up his lights to photograph the food - as he always does - before taking them to the outside dining area so he could use the 16th Century building as a

backdrop for this image. The red olive tree pots provide great contrast and framing, and there’s enough shadow to ensure the ‘AAH’ header is not lost amongst the white bricks. Incidentally, whilst Toby takes all of the photographs for AAH as we think he is the best around, he does run his own photography business. He is, therefore, available to take pictures for weddings, corporate events, and anything else, should you ever require brilliant images...

Why visit our website at when you could go for a walk in the woods? To discuss advertising in AAH call Ben on 01403 878026. View our advertising rates on Page 30...

CONTENTS 6 News Round-Up What’s making headlines, including an Olympic tractor at Fishers Farm

10 My Story So Far Peace activist Jim Duggan on campaigning and Radio Caroline

16 Capitol to City General Manager Michael Gattrell on leaving Horsham’s theatre

20 Sugar & Snow Horsham ‘s Piries Place has a new ice-cream and waffle house

23 Piazza Italia The Supercars stole the show as the sun shone on Easter Monday

28 Meal review We visit Carmela, an independent Sicilian restaurant in Horsham

AAH Editor: Ben Morris 01403 878026 / 01903 892899 Advertising: Kelly Morris 01403 878026 / 01903 892899 Photography: Toby Phillips 07968 795625 Contributors Jeremy Knight (Historic text for articles on Bainbridge Copnall) and Helen Pearce (Hammer Ponds)

35 Hammer Ponds Centuries ago, hammer and furnace Ponds drove on the iron industry

45 Group Discussion It’s full steam ahead for Horsham Model Railway Club

53 History Bainbridge Copnall was once a notorious painter and sculptor

58 One to Watch Nathanael Landskroner joins the National Youth Musical Theatre

60 Creative Shopping Dozens of creative people have come together to run a shop of their own

66 How Interesting Cafes have been a part of Horsham culture for some 300 years

This month we will be introducing a new pick-up point in West Chiltington

Additional thanks to... Jill Neff for Bainbridge Copnall images, Jim Duggan, Michael Gattrell, Furnace Fisheries in Slinfold, Sugar & Snow for keeping Ben’s kids quiet with some free ice cream! Door-to-Door Delivery team The Paterson family, Geoff Valentine, Andrew Price, Trish Fuller, Sarah Guile, Amy Rogers, Laura Harding, Alex Bland and Cara Cocoracchio (all Horsham rounds), Anna Laker and Alex Besson (Billingshurst), Jamie Towes, Shaun Bacon and Eddie Robinson (Southwater), Jack Barnett (Monks Gate/Mannings Heath), Karen Parnell (Warnham), Will Smith (Ashington), Roger Clark (Partridge Green and Cowfold), Reece Elvin (Slinfold), Ben Morris (Tower Hill, Rookwood, Dial Post, Crabtree), Toby Phillips (Town Centre),


April 2013


Herbie Whitmore (West Grinstead), Ben’s Grandma (Wisborough Green) AAH is available to pick up for free in stands at Sakakini (Carfax ), Artisan Patisserie (Market Square), Pavilions in the Park, CoCo’s salons (Lintot Square in Southwater and High Street, Billingshurst) and Horsham Museum. Website Run by Mi-Store of Brighton. Read all of our editions at AAH Magazine is an independent publication owned by B. Morris and is based in Ashington Copies of past editions of AAH are available for £3 each (this includes postage). Many are sold out, so please email Ben for availability.

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11 1: The Hospital Summer Fete will be held on Saturday, May 18th from 2-4pm. Attractions include; 25 stalls, fairground rides for children, Tony the Magician, a fairground organ, a ladies choir, keyboard music by Ken Harvey and a performance by Slinfold Concert Band. The MC will be presenter Chris Banks and this year’s fete will be opened by auctioneer Rupert Toovey (pictured). 2: Manor Theatre Group presents Heaven Sent at North Heath Hall, St Marks Lane, Horsham on 26th and 27th April. When a village bans all music, the likes of Mama Cass, Amy Winehouse, Buddy Holly, Freddie Mercury and John Lennon all come together to save music. The play is written by Laine Watson and Sarah Ward. 3: Horsham Junior Baseball Club (HJBC) is now recruiting boys and girls aged 5-16 years old to participate in the 2013 season. Children of all abilities are welcome. Practice is held at Ingfield Manor, Five Oaks, with a training session mid-week and games days every Saturday from May to July. Each child gets a

12 team shirt and baseball cap. For information and to request registration contact Louise at 4: Aiming High percussion workshops for children with disabilities have received a welcome £2,000 donation from Astellas Pharma Europe Ltd. Over the last four years, Horsham District Council has organised and helped run a broad range of inclusive sports and art activities under the Aiming High/Reaching Higher programme. The Friday evening percussion sessions, Boom Tribe Reaching Higher, allows participants to explore and learn the lively rhythms of Brazilian samba. They have been one of the more popular workshops. For more information call Nick Jenkins on 01403 215216 or email 5: Judging by the enthusiastic feedback from exhibitors and visitors, Microbiz 2013 lived up to its promise as over 500 people visited the Drill Hall in Horsham to attend. The award for the best dressed large exhibition stand went to Woodstock IT and the award for best

dressed small exhibition stand went to Cakes by Sharon Walker. 6: The MS Society 2013 is celebrating its 60th anniversary in 2013, and collections are planned for this year to help fund the Horsham branch and for research and development into Multiple Sclerosis. The Horsham and Crawley Branch hold weekly exercise and relaxation classes each Friday at St Mark’s Church Hall in North Heath Lane, Horsham from 10am - 12pm. The Drop in Centre is open on the first Wednesday of every month at the Methodist Church Hall in London Road, Horsham from 2 - 4pm. All are welcome at a Cake Break at St Mark’s Church Hall on Friday 3rd May from 10am - 12pm. 7: Fishers Adventure Farm Park in Wisborough Green has launched their brand new ‘Big Red Tractor Ride’, featuring a beautiful sparkly Massey Fergusson 5440. It is the same tractor used in the opening ceremony of the London 2012 Olympic Games. For more details visit

AAH News Round-up 4


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13 8: A new exhibition at Horsham Museum called Woven Inspiration sees Fran White of The Linen Shop in Horsham use her archive to explore the creative processes and also to celebrate a story of quiet, unassuming creativity. Fran’s textiles have been developed into a range of clothing, some of which will be shown in the Museum’s Costume Gallery. The exhibition opens at the museum on 11th April and runs until 11th May.


14 features many intriguing items recovered from tombs, such as the collection of Ancient Egyptian amulets and the Chinese statutes of animals and people that would have accompanied the dead person into the afterlife. ‘Empire of Death’ is open now and closes on 11th May 2013.

9: Billingshurst Choral Society presents the UK Premiere of 'Requiem - for the victims of Nazi persecution' by Stale Kleiberg at All Saints Church, Hove, on Saturday 11th May at 7.30pm. The conductor is George Jones with Sinfonia of Arun, Noemi Kiss (Soprano), Catherine King (Mezzo-Soprano) and Christian Hilz (Baritone). For ticket details visit or call the Brighton Fringe Box Office on 01273 917272.

11: Elections for 71 West Sussex County Council seats will take place in the Horsham District in May this year. County Council elections take place every four years and every seat will be up for election on Thursday, 2nd May. Polling stations will open from 7am to 10pm. The 12 divisions in the Horsham District area for the West Sussex County Council elections are Billingshurst, Bramber Castle, Henfield, Holbrook, Horsham Hurst, Horsham Riverside, Horsham Tanbridge & Broadbridge Heath, Pulborough, Roffey, Southwater & Nuthurst, Storrington and Warnham & Rusper.

10: The new exhibition at Horsham District Council’s Horsham Museum & Art Gallery, ‘Empire of Death,’ takes a look at changing attitudes towards death. The exhibition

12: On Saturday, 20th April the Rotary Club of Horsham are organising a ‘Know Your Blood Pressure’ day. The event offers free blood pressure tests and advice from trained

professionals. Visit the registration point on the mosaic in Swan Walk at any time. For details email 12: The Horsham Painting Group is holding its Spring Exhibition on Saturday, 25th May at the Quaker Meeting House, Worthing Road, Horsham, from 10am to 4pm. Original works of art by local amateur artists will be on show and all works are for sale. Admission is free. Visit 14: Horsham's first ‘Shaun Stock’ music festival will be held on Saturday, 13th April, in honour of Shaun Etheridge, who sadly passed away last year from cancer. He appeared in many productions at the Capitol in Horsham including A Lady Mislaid and The Deep Blue Sea before going on to land supporting roles in TV and film. Shaun Stock is held at Broadbridge Heath Village Centre from 7pm with performances from Jellyhead, Epsilon, Chinchilla Zilla, Concrete Brioche and Russian Roulette. Entry is free, open to everyone, and all proceeds will to go to MacMillan Cancer Support.

News Round-up

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15: In February, Set4Success awards were handed out to Jocelyn Hunt (Gymnastics), Natalie Taylor (Football), Erin Marshall (Hockey) and second Awards were given to Harry Harrod (Gymnastics) and Tom Haynes (Cricket - pictured). The award panel of Set4Success will meet at the end of April for the selection of spring award recipients. In addition to a financial award, all winners receive a year’s use of local leisure facilities, donated by DC Leisure. Applications can be submitted at before April 15th, before an awards ceremony at South Lodge Hotel on June 21st. 16: Plans are underway for an enhancement project for Horsham’s West Street, after

Horsham District Council secured £500,000 funding from West Sussex County Council’s ‘Kick-Start’ Programme. This funding will contribute to improvements to hard and soft landscaping, street furniture, signage and lighting, community safety improvement, and new public art could also feature. 17: The Horsham Joggers and Horsham Lions 10k race takes place on May 19th. The race starts and finishes at Horsham Rugby Club. Entry is £10 for runners affililated to a UK Athletics running club and £12 for all others, or £15 on the day. The race starts at 11am with trophies and prizes presented by Up and Running shop in Horsham. A children’s fun run, about 1,200m, starts at 10.15am. For

entry details visit or 18: Ashington Toy and Train Collectors Fair will be held at Ashington Community Centre On Sunday, 14th April from 10am- 2pm. Buy, sell and swap from a large range of old and new toys. Admission is £1.50 (children under 16 free when accompanied by an adult). For information contact Simon on 07727 023893 19: GP2 racer Jolyon Palmer experienced a dramatic start to the 2013 GP2 season in Malaysia, fighting his way from the back of the grid in both races to finish sixth and ninth respectively. The next rounds of the GP2 Series take place in Bahrain on 19th-21st April.


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‘I decided in 1972 to devote my entire

Life to Peace’

Jim Duggan, 73 Peace campaigner I was born in Dublin in 1940. My dad worked in the Irish Hospitals’ Sweepstake, which was a form of lottery, one of the biggest on the planet at the time. My grandfather was one of the founders of the Sweepstake, which helped build hospitals all over Ireland. My mother didn’t have to work, but she was involved in various charities and ran a hairdressers for a while too. I had two brothers. Kevin was three years older than me, and he died a couple of years ago. My younger brother Alan still lives in Dublin. I was brought up in a privileged family, and my parents raised me well. I took entrance exams for the Royal College of Surgeons as I wanted to be a Doctor, but it didn’t work out as I caught Tuberculosis and it took a long time for me

to recover. I was fortunate as in those days such diseases could be very serious. I went to London as Kevin was there. He was trying to be an actor and studied method acting at the Stanislavski Studio. I joined him there for a couple of years, but I didn’t have his talent. This did though lead to a little bit of modelling work. I starred in an advert for Lifebuoy Soap. I was the guy that rode off into the sunset with the girl. It was fantastic for me as you I would earn money whenever the advert was repeated on TV. I was also in a Gillette advert for a Christmas gift pack. I was a hand model! A friend from Ireland called Ronan O’Rahilly set up a pirate station called Radio Caroline, on a boat off the south coast. I became in-

volved in promotions, sold air-time and ran the Caroline Club with a handful of other people in an office in London. The press were all over the story, and of course they printed details about the station. They should never have done that as instantly we had millions of people tuning in and it just took off. Kevin and I eventually ran a second office in Liverpool after Ronan launched a second boat near the Isle of Man. The government tried to close us down but in all honesty Ronan was a little too smart for them. Everything was happening in London, and to be there was an amazing education. Even at the time, you could feel something amazing was happening, as you’d had a taste of life beforehand when everything was grey, dull,

My Story: Jim Duggan and boring. Thn suddenly along came the ‘Swinging Sixties’ and Radio Caroline was a small part of that. I was deeply involved in music and radio and my job with Radio Caroline gave me access to everywhere. I saw The Beatles, The Kinks and The Rolling Stones recording. I shook John Lennon’s hand, but he didn’t know who I was. It doesn’t mean anything at all. I was just lucky to be there in London as the whole scene was taking off around me. Eventually, the government brought in the Marine Offences Act, essentially to get rid of pirate radio stations. It clobbered us a bit. Eventually, radio Caroline came to an end. Ronan moved on and produced a Marianne Faithfull film called Girl on a Motorcycle, and I was involved in that project. I had been involved in the occasional peace rally but I wasn’t a hugely political young man. However, the Vietnam rallies and the growth of the hippy scene did have a major impact on my life. I decided I was tired of London, so I took off. I travelled to an island called Formentera, near Ibiza, which was a haven for hippies, and it was there that met my wife, a beautiful South American called Consuelo. She was a writer, had been involved in films in Colombia, been a model, and had a far more interesting life than I had. I fell in love. She always joked that I kidnapped her and brought her to England, which is probably not far from the truth! I briefly returned to London, where my brother was putting together some film of Jimi Hendrix performing on the Isle of Wight, then went back to Ireland. I married Consuelo and we had our first child, little Aaram, which was a name that we conjured up between us. Aaram died when he was 14 months old, which was devastating. I started the Peace Party on the 23rd July 1972 in Phoenix Park in Dublin. I had decided that I wanted to be part of the solution rather than part of the problem. I wanted to raise awareness about peace. We started to put on a lot of concerts in Dublin, and they were pretty big events. Phil Lynott of Thin Lizzy used to come over and play for the Peace Party at christmas when he was a big star.

Jim (left) with his brother Kevin

12 ‘The hippy communes have all gone now. But there are a lot of people whose lives were changed by the hippy philosophy’ It was mainly musicians, painters, sculptors and photographers who were involved with the party in the early days. We did have political aims, but we did not put candidates forward at elections for a long time to come. We used to create a calendar, with pictures of the two of us taken by professional photographers, and baby Aaram too. We were hippies, so we wouldn’t be wearing any clothes, but the images were beautiful. In 1972, I put the calendars into a tube with some incense fragrants and a little Japanese whistle, and sent them out to various international embassies. The next thing I knew we had special forces knocking on the door, as they thought it was a bomb! The People newspaper published one of the calendar photos as part of an article about it, and that brought the wrath of the Church. They were disgusted and said ‘Couldn’t you have covered up the child’s genitals?’ I said ‘No, why?’ Consuelo wrote a book and I published it, and now I’m working on putting it on to the Internet. A lot of artists and photographers contributed to it. It has some incredible images from those early peace concerts. It’s simply called The Book: Peace and Love. The book was successful in Dublin, so we took it to London and Amsterdam, staying there for a while. We might have been there a month, it might have been six months. Then we headed back to Formentera and that was where our son, Aaramateo, was born. As far as we were

Jim has spent 40 years promoting peace (

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My Story: Jim Duggan concerned, it was the same son who had returned.

Jim spent a long time as a hippy, with the love of his life, Consuelo

For a time, Consuelo disappeared with my son. Eventually, social services intervened and put my wife up in a hotel in Crawley, whilst my young son was placed in a care home. Suddenly, I was fighting for the right to care for my son. It was a traumatic time in my life. I had to earn some money. I ended up working on a building site, which I equite enjoyed, and we stayed in a little house in Three Bridges. Our son came home to us, and we were quite happy. I took a band on tour to Ireland, as their manager, and my family came with me. When we came back, we found that our house had been taken over by squatters. There was not a stick of furniture left and it had become a drug den. The place had been devastated.

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My marriage broke up. I took a job selling insurance, which I didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t like at all, but I had to make ends meet. Conseulo met someone new, and we divorced. I had to move out and leave my son behind. That was pretty uncool. After a time in Rusper, working at Gatwick Airport, I moved to 1 Worthing Road in Horsham, where the bus depot is now. What is now the Beales entrance was basically our front door. I was there for ten years. Consuelo had re-married, but her second husband died tragically, and she came back to live with me. It was only when I stood at an election in the 1980â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s that we called the party the Peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Peace Party, adopting an image of a dove, designed by Consuelo, as our party symbol. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m under no illusions. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m not going to Westminster. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m not even going to be a District Councillor. I would like to be a Parish Councillor as that is the level with the closest links to the community, which is what the Peace Party is all about. I have always continued to put on music events. We held many great nights at Tilgate Park, and more recently weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve put on shows in Horsham, with the proceeds always going to a good cause. People do associate peace with the 1960â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s but we are not stuck in that






Do you have a story to tell? If you think your ‘story so far’ would make an interesting read, please do get in touch with us on 01403 878026. A visit may cost you a cup of tea for Ben and Toby. We consider biscuits to be a welcome bonus.

decade. I’m not going to change my spots to suit other people. I am what I am. You can love everybody, but you can’t like everybody, and not everybody may like me. I am mistaken for Billy Connolly regularly. I always say that he looks like me, rather than the other way round. When I stand at elections, I don’t receive many votes. I campaign to raise awareness. I am more concerned about the next generation and saying that there is an alternative to how the three main parties promote themselves. I wouldn’t say they are warmongers - that would be unfair but at the same time they do not give

much consideration to the countries they are attacking.

son and grandchildren, Freya and Aaram, too.

I stood as a candidate in the Eastleigh byelection. We had a great reception, and I played a lot of peace music from my Volvo. We got an amazing amount of coverage, on the radio and on television. The parties were throwing the kitchen sink at each other, so all of the media were there and we had the likes of David Cameron and Boris Johnson there.

I was invited to a debate recently by the Oxford Union at St Catherine’s College. The debate was on whether force can be justified in defending human rights. I was speaking alongside a human rights lawyer and a journalist for The Economist, against a panel including Edward McMillan-Scott, the Vice President of the European parliament.

We moved to Bennetts Road when our old home was demolished, and Consuelo died about six years ago. You have good days and bad days on your own. I miss her. She was my reason to be. Luckily, I had some good friends to help me through it, and my

I was absolutely bricking it, but I felt I did very well and we won the debate. The Peace Party is quite radical. If you read our charter, you’ll see what I mean. But it’s the same message - peace, love, respect, justice, tolerance. We are an anti-war party, and that is a hard sell. The hippy communes have all gone now. But there are a lot of people whose lives were changed by the hippy philosophy. People who follow their heart, not their head. I decided in 1972 to devote my life to Peace. It will be my life until the day I depart. I believe I sell the best product in the world - peace. It is a shame it’s such a hard sell. I guess there’s no profit in it.

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Jim founded the People’s Peace Party in 1972


Capitol Manager

Heads for the Exit After 22 years at the Capitol, Michael Gattrell has taken on a new role at a major theatre production company in London.

There was a short compilation of recordings clipped together for a movie montage at the leaving party for Michael Gattrell, General Manager of the Capitol. In some scenes, Michael is busy directing the pantomimes that many of us have enjoyed for years; in others he is singing and acting on stage as the Tin Man in Wizard of Oz; And in one clip, he is wearing a bra and a feather boa as he leads a sort of conga through the Capitol. It was a montage that demonstrated a range of talents. He has been a hardworking, astute manager who earned the respect of those he worked with, at the Capitol and amongst elected councillors. But he is also devoted to theatre, which ensures he is much-admired by the numerous acts he has brought to Horsham. As Michael departs after 22 years, so ends a successful and colourful era in the long history of our town’s theatre. Just before he left, he took AAH on a trip down memory lane… Where are you going? I’m going to work for Bill Kenwright Ltd in Little Venice near Paddington as Head of Programming. I’ll be involved in putting together touring shows such as Blood Brothers, Evita and Joseph and his Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat. Bill Kenwright runs the country’s largest theatre and film production company, and he is also the Chairman of Everton Football Club, so I’ll have to start following Everton on Twitter.

think about my future. I had some sadness in my family last autumn, and I thought if I don’t do something soon I may end up coasting here. When things happen when you are not expecting them, you have a look at your life. There was a turning point and I thought I had to change something. I’m proud that I’ve done all I can here.

Is it a daunting prospect? It feels like I’m joining the big boys. I’ve been there twice and the last time I walked in I thought ‘I could work here!’ It’s a nice environment with really nice people, but they work very hard. I’m not afraid of that.

What has the reaction been? The feedback I’ve had from the public, media, and partners I’ve been working with has been wonderful and it has left me pretty choked up. Clare Teal was here last week, and she said some very nice things on stage. She said ‘we’ve had a whip round for you, Michael’ and you start thinking ‘Oh God, what’s she going to do?’ Then she said ‘a whip round so that you will stay’. That meant a lot to me.

Why are you leaving? I’ve loved it here and I love the venue, and the people I’ve worked with. But I have to

Who is replacing you at the Capitol? The new guy is Nick Mowat. He has been a venue manager for many years, and I’ve

known him for about 18 years. Nick is a nice guy with a similar ethic to mine. He has worked with councils before and he has also produced his own pantomimes. Lots of people have said to me ‘I’m sad you’re going, but what’s happening with the pantomime?’ That seems to be at the forefront of everyone’s mind. Nick has produced pantomimes in the past and may well continue to produce them in house. What will he be inheriting? I think he inherits a venue that is on the map. We are only as good as the programme, and as long as the Capitol can continue to provide a good solid programme that provides for everyone, it can carry on. I would be worried if the programme became too diverse. But we are in tough times and theatres need to find new ways of working. What has changed in your 22 years? When I first joined, I thought the Capitol was the black sheep of the council but since the

Michael Gattrell Michael with the stars of Jack and the Beanstalk in 2011

refurbishment that has changed. I believe that probably I’ve got a bit to do with that, as I’ve known how to communicate with the council and the media too. I just make sure we are paramount in the public eye and in their minds of the council. Can you pick a personal highlight? It’s been ten years since the theatre was re-opened as the Capitol by Her Majesty the Queen. The Queen was going to Christ’s Hospital and then she visited The Forum before coming here. I have a picture at home with me and the Queen and I never thought that would be something I would have the chance to experience here in Horsham. What stands out as the performance highlights? Every day at the Capitol is different. I could reel off a long list of shows that I loved. The pantomimes have been great fun and it’ll be strange not to be involved in one and to have Christmas off! But there have been endless shows I have enjoyed. I was given the opportunity to be the Artistic Director of the Arts Festival held in the District for a few years and managed music events in the park with the likes of Jules Holland. I’ve been so fortunate. Will you still have time for acting? I’m not going to be on the West End stage singing and acting. I co-run Hit and Run Theatre Group and as far as I’m concerned I can’t do anymore. It’s a chapter in my life, a great one, but I’m mixing with the big boys and I can’t take that with me. My co-owner may carry it on, but I can’t say to Bill Kenwright ‘I have to leave early tonight because I’m rehearsing for a show.’ I don’t think it’ll go down well. Would you like to see anything change in Horsham? I would like to see a stronger network of dialogue with local theatre groups. Everyone supports themselves but there should be more sharing amongst groups, in terms of audience and talent pool. There is a wealth of drama groups in the district and I think at some point they should come together for the benefit of everyone. Is the future of the Arts healthy in Horsham? Here in Horsham, like everywhere else, going to the theatre is a leisure activity. It’s not statutory. Times are hard and the danger is that people could say ‘is it needed? Is it important?’ With that in mind, it is vital that the people of Horsham continue to support the arts.

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Driving Ambition Meeting the demands of the modern motorist, Vines of Gatwick is as meticulously constructed as the BMW and MINI cars in the showrooms

Top Gear presenter Richard Hammond once said that ‘you could stick a BMW badge on a dead cat and people would buy it.’ It’s a quote you’re unlikely to see in advertising material for the marque, but it was intended as a compliment. BMW has set such high standards that driving one has come to symbolise something more than an engine on wheels. Horsham’s nearest dealership is Vines of Gatwick, in Stephenson Way, Three Bridges, where the gleaming, glass-fronted building is in stark contrast to the industrial surroundings. As well as the refined elegance of the BMW dealership, there is the punchy, funky MINI dealership, offering the same expertise in sales, parts and service. It’s an impressive operation. In addition to the latest models, including the BMW 3 Series xDrive and MINI Clubman, the dealership has interactive customer lounges that enable the sales team to demonstrate the features of any new car that you may be considering.

Should you wish to personalise your BMW, a dedicated parts team can help you select from a full range of accessories, from bicycle racks to high performance tyres, as well as provide advice on mobile communication and security devices. Outside you’ll find a huge range of approved used cars, inspected and prepared to meticulous standards by qualified technicians, whilst the dealership also provides servicing and repairs in a large, modern workshop. You can even enjoy a customer lounge complete with official BMW and MINI merchandise, internet access, games and complimentary coffee! However, it was not always this way… Back in 1885, John Coombs started a blacksmith and carriage company in Guildford. Gradually, the Coombs family expanded into motor vehicles, eventually representing Buick, Rover, Wolseley and Jaguar, before it was awarded the BMW franchise in Guildford in 1980. Coombs took over Vines in 1999, establishing Vines of Gatwick two years before the arrival of

the new MINI. Then as now, Vines of Gatwick maintains close links with the community, supporting the Willow Foundation, creating partnerships with Lingfield Park Resort and the Hawth Theatre and sponsoring the MINI Run at Piazza Italia in Horsham. Monique Limerick, Marketing Executive, said: “The needs of BMW drivers are highly specialised. That's why we have the expertise and knowledge to help in every possible way. “This is a very exciting time for us, as we have just welcomed the MINI Paceman, with the 3 Series Gran Turismo and the 4 Series Coupé soon to join our range. There’s so much to choose from. “You can use our website to design and build your own car, to get an idea of cost. Once you have researched online you can pop into our dealership and see the cars in the flesh. “Our highly trained sales staff can assist you in finding the best package and will be able explain the functions of any optional extras, as well as arrange at test drive at your convenience.”


Did you know we have an online shop? Visit our website to find out more.

Vines of Gatwick Stephenson Way, Three Bridges, Crawley, West Sussex RH10 1TN

01293 611117

01293 575557


Horsham scoops new

Ice Cream Parlour Church friends shared the same dream - to open an ice cream parlour. So they joined forces to bring an American style experience to Horsham...

Sylwia Reed (centre) co-owns Horsham’s new ice cream parlour with Steve and Rachel Imhoff

Ice cream is big business in America. According to the National Dairy Association, there are about 80,000 ice cream, gelato and frozen yoghurt shops in the States, raking in about $18billion a year. There’s even an Ice Cream University which has been running successfully for almost 20 years, providing ice cream seminars, books, product research and flavour development! Over here though, waffle diners and ice cream parlours have not been pivotal to the lives of generations of children. Perhaps though, in years to come, the current generation of children will remember with fondness their visits to Sugar & Snow in Piries Place. The partners of the shop, which sells ice cream, waffles, crepes, milkshakes and hot drinks, found people queuing outside as

they arrived to open the shop for the first time on 20th March, and were delighted to find that they stayed busy throughout the day. Sugar & Snow is jointly owned and managed by Steve and Rachel Imhoff and Sylwia Reed,

who had independently pursued the idea of opening an ice cream parlour before a chance meeting led to the joint venture. Rachel said: “We knew each other as Steve and I went to Kingdom Faith, as did Sylwia and her husband, Chris. “Steve had decided he needed a change of career, as he had been employed in catering for 15 years, so we took some time to assess what we wanted to do as a family. I have previously been manager of a cheese shop many years ago and I really enjoyed it, so we discussed the idea or possibly running a delicatessen. “But we have been out to the States on several occasions and we both love the idea of going out in the evening to have waffles. Then one evening, we watched a programme called Man Versus Food, a travel show in

Sugar & Snow ‘The English love ice cream so I am confident people will come in, even if it’s raining’ which Adam Richman hosts a series of eating challenges. In one episode, he went into an ice cream parlour with 1930’s decor. “I saw it and I fell in love with it, and that sparked the conversation. So we landed on the idea of running an ice cream parlour and waffle business. “The following day, Steve bumped into Sylwia in Waitrose. She asked how he was doing since he left his job, and he told her about our plans. The colour drained from her face and she put her hands on her cheeks, as she had just been to lunch with her husband and talked about opening her own ice cream parlour! “It had long been a dream of hers, and she was looking for people to partner up with! The rest is history.” As well as offering more than 20 flavours of ice cream in cones, pots, bowls or even a giant serving cup for four to share, Sugar and Snow sells waffles, pancakes, and crepes with fillings including cajun chicken, and sun-dried tomato and pesto. They also offer American style breakfasts with sausage, eggs and pancakes, as well as


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steaming hot waffles with ice cream. It appears to have initially been well received by visitors. Sylwia said: “It’s been encouraging to hear people saying that they’ve been looking forward to the shop opening, and there were even people waiting outside when we opened for the first time. “We were quite nervous as it’s a new business but many people have wanted something like this in Horsham. One couple drove 30 miles to be here, as they had read about the

opening in the local newspaper. “The English love ice cream so I am confident, even if it is raining, that people will come in and be happy eating their ice cream in a warm and colourful place. “For us, it feels like this is the right place at the right moment.” Sugar and Snow is located at 3 Piries Place and latest news can be found on their Facebook page. The shop is open until 9pm on Thursday to Saturday.

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Piazza Italia

Piazza Italia boosted by

The Doc’s Delorean

For a brief period on Good Friday, it felt like the wheels were literally falling off the Piazza Italia wagon. A gondolier, who provides popular boat tours around the Carfax, had been grounded by a busted wheel. It was a problem he hadn’t experienced before. Children dragged their parents around town trying to find the slot car racing, unaware that the popular feature had been a late cancellation. Then the temperature dropped just as people began to line the streets to welcome a convoy of Ferraris. They waited, and they waited, with no information as to when the parade would arrive. The masses were not impressed. Eventually, those lining Blackhorse Way caught their first glimpse of the famous prancing horse badge and their frustration were soothed as eight F40s, surely the most strikingly beautiful supercar of

them all, powered through the town. The smiles returned and after three days the highs far outnumbered the lows. The Vines MINI Run on Saturday attracted more vehicles than in any previous year, the Shopping Basket Grannies gave a terrifically enthusiastic performance, and the arrival of a Delorean – complete with ‘Doc’ Brown and a Back to the Future soundtrack – freshened up Supercar Monday. Let’s not worry where exactly the Italian connection is there though! But, in this the seventh year of Piazza Italia, some aspects can be improved. Here at AAH, we produced an official programme, which we funded entirely independently of the council and sold at key points at the event. It was a great programme, but it was clear that people needed more updates during the three day event. A compere based at the bandstand could Shopping Basket Grannies with Francesco Raciti and (below)the Italian Market


have provided a solution. Someone to say exactly when the Ferraris had left Hop Oast so thousands of people were not left standing in the cold for half an hour; to tell that the Pagani Zonda is the only one of its type in the country; to inform people about events going on at local businesses; the free Prosecco wine at Pure White Lines, the toga fun at La Vida, the driving skills courses for under-17s run by Stay Safe... We know that the organisers had made efforts to bring in someone to perform this duty, but they were not able to attend. Let’s hope someone can step in next year. That aside, Piazza Italia was once again an overwhelmingly positive experience, and a great credit to those behind it. On Good Friday, 100 Ferraris come together, including a 365 Daytona and eight F40s. John Wellard of Sussex Ferrari said: “Driving into Horsham in a Ferrari with the roads lined by thousands of spectators is an amazing experience for everybody taking part. “When that final corner is turned and we see for the first time the Carfax clear of traffic but solid with spectators and hear the Italian national anthem, it’s pretty moving. “From an owner’s point of view, one of the best parts is being able to share our enthusiasm of our Ferraris with the people who come along to see and chat to us about our cars.” A huge crowd had also gathered around the

Shelley Fountain, where 100 motorbikes were parked up. David Hailwood, son of the legendary motorbike racer Mike Hailwood, was among those riding into town. ‘Mike the Bike’ Hailwood won four 500cc World Championships (the modern day Moto GP), 14 Tourist Trophy wins, podium finishes in Formula One Car Racing, and even a George Medal for bravery for his successful efforts in pulling fellow driver Clay Regazzoni

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from his blazing car. But three years after his last TT win in 1978, he was killed in a car crash, along with his daughter. David was the only survivor. David said: “This is my first visit to Piazza Italia. At these events, there will always be someone who comes up with a story I had not heard about before. “I think people probably talk about his 1967 Isle of Man TT win, when he went head-tohead with his great rival Giacomo Agostini, as well as the comeback victory at the Isle of Man with Ducati. “It can get a bit emotional sometimes. For some people, it can be very special to talk to me about my father, and I respect that. “For me, I just love to get out and ride the bikes and have a bit of fun. But I’ll always be there for the fans as I know how much they love to chat about the good times.” Garry Mortimer-Cook, Town Centres Manager at Horsham District Council, said: “We know that Piazza Italia offers huge entertainment, but the main reason we provide the event is to create economic opportunities in the town for businesses. “We have to be able to justify the festival and ensure that it works within the budget. That is always a challenge. “We try and keep it fresh each year. The core elements - the market and the cars - remain constant, and that is down to the commitment

Editor’s Note: The promotion to the right has been positioned upside down at the request of Steisi

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Piazza Italia


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Shaws Glass has been part of the business landscape in West Sussex for over 15 years and is now firmly established as the region’s independent choice for all things glass The Shaws Glass showroom in North Street, Horsham hosts a wide selection of products from a single sheet of glass to glazed windows and doors. We also have a range of conservatories or garage doors. You’ll have all the help and advice you need from friendly staff with a wealth of experience. Conservatories Double Glazing Front Doors Back Doors Composite Doors Fascias and Soffits Replacement Hinges Cat Flaps Table Tops Shop Fronts Cut Glass Toughened Safety Glass Supply only windows Glass Balustrades for staircases Acoustic Glass "Dear Shaws Glass, A very big thank you for a great job. We are so pleased with the transformation. It has made such a difference" Mr & Mrs Tiley

of the owner’s clubs and the market traders. We are so grateful to people like Jilly Penegar from Ducati, John Wellard from Ferrari, Simon Faro from the Italian Market and to local sponsors such as Carmela and La Source, for continuing to support the event. These people are the true stars of the event.” Other stars of the event included the entertaining Mini Run Mobsters, and the Shopping Trolley Grannies once again went down very well in the town with their new show Granny Turismo. On Easter Monday, The Royal Males serenaded shoppers around the town, whilst there were some Shakespearean performances in the Carfax. I’m sure I wasn’t the only one who found it slightly embarrassing when the actors poked not-entirely harmless fun at our close neighbours in Crawley. That aside, they provided a welcome addition to the programme. On Supercar Monday, the Pagani Zonda leading the parade was the same one seen in Horsham in previous years. It’s a one-off special edition called the Zonda PS, commissioned by Peter Saywell. It was once finished in white with yellow striping on the side and this car is the only one with all four exhaust pipes placed in a row instead of a square. This year, the redesigned Zonda PS had been painted blue! A Delorean parked outside the Town Hall was a fantastic addition to the show, and as years pass by it is noticeable that more visitors taking an interest in the Fiat and Alfa Romeo cars on parade too. At the end of the three days, Piazza Italia had only enhanced its reputation. When the council first labelled its own festival as ‘the best free Easter weekend event in the south of England’, it sounded like a dubious claim. Surely now, it is worthy of the title.

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and it can be years between the time that people start needing help to when they actually seek help. We need our ears as much as we need our eyes and I would recommend everyone to have a hearing check every couple of years. We offer a complimentary initial consultation and the results can be life changing. We have exclusive access to some of the leading hearing aid technology in the world. SeboTek hearing instruments

are renowned for their magnificent sound quality and their patented receiver in the canal design. These hearing aids are only available through our hearing centres and you will not find them elsewhere in Horsham. SeboTek have recently created a new HD device, which pick up a far greater range of sounds. It is very comfortable and people wouldn’t even notice you are wearing anything. The Horsham Hearing Centre is also the sole local provider of the SurfLink Mobile, a device which streams your TV, music or mobile phone straight to your hearing aid. This will mean people with hearing difficulties can use a mobile phone. It is also an exciting product for anyone looking for a true ‘hands-free’ mobile device. If you’d like to try it call us on 01403 218700 to arrange a free demonstration.

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Mamma’s boy proves

his worth Review Carmela, Horsham Francesco Raciti is a familiar face around Horsham, having worked at some of East Street’s most successful Italian restaurants. But when he decided to take on the chains with his own Sicilian-inspired eatery, in a charming but fragile 16th Century building, many rated his chances of success as slim to none. Perhaps it wouldn’t be long before ‘slim’ left the building, bearing in mind that every news headline at the time was about the credit crunch, and that several restaurants had flopped soon after opening at the same site, on the corner of Denne Road, Francesco recalls: “The restaurant was a big risk. Everybody gave us six months and said I was completely mad, as I opened at the peak of the recession. When everybody was selling, I was buying.” Three and a half years on, Carmela is one of Horsham’s most successful restaurants, and people are flocking to the new Carmela delicatessen in the Carfax, part of the Raciti family’s burgeoning business empire. Carmela is named after Francesco’s Rome-born mother, who you will see running the delicatessen, whilst his sister Rossella is the general manager of the restaurant, which has a number of Sicilian dishes.

Francesco and his sister were born in Sicily, like their father, and several of the signature dishes including Carmela’s Polpette (beef meatballs in spaghetti) and the Zuppa di Pesce (seafood stew) are prepared to old family recipes. Next month, the menu will once again be amended to include a mix of fresh mix of Sicilian and Italian dishes. Now, after three years, Francesco believes his initial dream has been realised. He said: “When we opened the restaurant we didn’t have much capital, so in the first few years everything we made was invested straight in to the building, the staff and the food. “The restaurant is now about 80% of what I originally imagined. The concept is in place, so there are just a few small details with the building to be changed, as well as improving the menu with a few new interesting dishes. “The new menu is inspired by a lot of travelling. In Italy, chefs are experimenting with new dishes and ingredients, preparing traditional foods like spaghetti, cannelloni, lasagne, and pasta carbonara but with modern twists. “At Carmela, we have always kept our signature dishes as they are old family recipes. The meatballs are prepared how my grandmother used to make it. But a lot of other dishes on the menu are Italian.

Review: Carmela

“We still have friends and property in Sicily and I go back once and a while, but I go there to eat rather than for a holiday, to learn about food, and there are exciting things happening there. “I believe we have improved the food at Carmela and the restaurant looks better. “I haven’t got Ikea chairs anymore, so that is a good thing, and the menu has evolved. We were always looking to break the chain. We are not a chain. You can come in for a coffee or a beer whilst reading the newspaper or working on your laptop. “You can have a simple pizza or a fancy dinner. We like it to be relaxing, like a proper Italian family restaurant.”

Antipasto del goloso

Francesco first came to Horsham when he was 17, initially because he was travelling, and staying because of ‘the direct debits’. He learnt much whilst at Tortellini’s in East Street, before he became manager at Strada and then established Carmela. He said: “When the recession hit, everyone else was swapping over their good napkins for paper ones, but we were buying proper napkins, with nice cutlery and glasses. We have always gone against the grain. “When people were trying to save we did the opposite and spent money. I believe, if people are only going out once every few weeks then they want it to be a nice experience. I see Carmela as a Horsham

experience as much as an Italian experience. “It is Italian food, but the meat is from New Street Butchers and the seafood is from Veasey & Sons in the Carfax. The fruit and vegetables come from town too, as everything here is integrated with Horsham businesses.” So, how would we find the Horsham/Sicilian dining experience? Sadly, the lovely outside eating and drinking area continues to be used just fleetingly, presumably by Inuit people, as the miserly weather continues. Fortunately, there is a good atmosphere inside Carmela. It feels warm and lived in, and there’s great colour and charm. Part of

Antipasto mamma mia

30 Risotto al finocchio



Call Ben Morris on 01403 878026

ABOUT US AAH Magazine is an independently-owned monthly magazine for the Horsham district. AAH has become renowned for its interesting features and beautiful photography by Toby Phillips. AAH is an A4 publication, printed on high quality, 90gsm gloss paper with a 150gsm gloss cover. We promote the best of the district’s music and arts, review the finest restaurants, bring to life historic tales from Horsham’s past, and highlight the most interesting and unusual businesses. AAH has brought you great features on places such as Knepp Castle

DISTRIBUTION AAH Magazine is delivered directly to homes free of charge on a monthly basis. Our print run is currently 13,200 and our year-on-year circulation has increased by 25%. A team of about 30 people deliver AAH each and every month to 11,149 homes in the district. These include 5,437 homes in Horsham, 2,003 in Southwater, 1,114 in Billingshurst, and 865 in Partridge Green and Cowfold.

AAH provides features for young readers too, including features on sports clubs

We also deliver to the surrounding villages including Ashington (600), Warnham (275), Slinfold (284), Mannings Heath (326) as well as the smaller villages of Monks Gate, Dial Post, West Grinstead and Tower Hill. Businesses in Horsham, Billingshurst and Southwater receive the magazine whilst our spring-loaded, stylish stands with lids are extremely popular in Horsham town, Southwater and Billingshurst.

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this comes from the building, which looks like it has been pulled and stretched in a variety of directions over the past 500 years to the extent its walls and flooring have the same quirky angles as a fairground fun house. Some of Carmela’s charm comes from the restaurant’s own decoration, with products from the deli, Italian imagery, wine bottles, candles and an abundance of fresh fruit contributing to the cosiness. We started our meal with Antipasto Mamma Mia (£11.95), with Carmela’s meatball in tomato sauce, parmigiana, grilled courgettes, rustic bread, rocket, mozzarella, Parma ham and Napoli salami. The meatball was large and wholesome, as you might expect, what with the recipe being passed down by Sicilian mothers with growing boys to feed. In terms of presentation, the parmigiana - shallow-fried layers of eggplant with cheese and tomato sauce - was a little untidy but it tasted excellent, and there was plenty for two to share. Perhaps an even better starter though is the one that Mamma didn’t make (except, perhaps, on days she went fishing in the Mediterranean). The Antipasto del goloso (£13.95) is another starter to share and includes skewers of prawns, calamari, polenta chips, salmon cubes and garlic pizza bread. It was neatly presented, with balsamic dressing nicely complementing a variety of great favours. Other starters include gnocchi Etna (£4.95), arancino al ragu (risotto ball in breadcrumbs - £5.95) and Carpaccio di mango and cinghiale (£8.95). This last option, thin slices of cured beef and wild boar, is also a pleasant and plentiful dish, particularly with a glass of the house

Review: Carmela

Zuppa di pesce

‘We have always kept our signature dishes as they are old family recipes’ red. Wine is an important part of Carmela. Francesco brings in most of his wine from the Zonin family in Italy, one of the country’s biggest wine makers. Zonin has 11 vineyards in seven wine making regions, including Sicily, and the wine has a lot of flavour for the relatively low price tag. For main course, we chose one dish which has been a regular on the specials board but

is likely to earn a place on the new menu. The risotto al finocchio (£12.95) is fennel and lemon thyme risotto cooked in white wine, topped with pangasio (a fish from South East Asia commonly used in Italian cuisine) wrapped in Parma ham. Like so many good dishes, it is simple yet sublime, with the whitefish proving a natural partner for Carmela’s lovely risotto. We also tried the Costata di manzo (£24.95)

which is a T-bone steak salted and grilled, served with polenta chips, grilled tomatoes, grilled courgettes served with a choice of gorgonzola, mushrooms or picante sauce. The 500g steak, from New Street Butchers, was superb, but perhaps the more interesting element was the polenta (cornbread) chips, a healthier yet moreish alternative to the fried potato. The mushroom sauce also gave the steak added succulence.

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32 Costata di manzo

Amaretto tiramisu

‘Everybody gave us six months and said I was completely mad, as I opened at the peak of the recession’

You can, alternatively, take your pick from an array of stonebaked pizzas, from the £6.99 margherita to the calzone, (folded pizza with roasted peppers, mozzarella, tomatoes and spicy salami) for £10.95. There are several seafood dishes too, including the fresh and excellently flavoured Carmela’s zuppa di pesce (£14.95), with king prawns, tiger prawns, salmon bites, calamari, white clams and mussels in a white wine and chilli tomato stew. Pasta dishes include pennette al salmon (£11.95), risotto Verdure (£10.95), rigatoni


Carmela (Sicilian sausage - £9.95) and Carmela’s polpette (meatballs - £10.95), whilst Carmela also offers a range of sides including roast potatoes with rosemary and caramelised onions (£3.95) and orange and fennel salad (£3.20) Of course, there are desserts too, but we could only manage a few mouthfuls of the Amaretto tiramisu, due to the amount of food we had already consumed. It had a touch of the Italian, with amaretto mascarpone layers, and in true Sicilian style comes in a bountiful portion at a good price.

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Review: Carmela

I reflected on our experience at Carmela whilst finishing off a bottle of red. I had eaten at the restaurant within weeks of its opening and whilst on that occasion I had found it satisfactory, I had not felt the need to rush back. But I do now feel that Carmela offers something that you cannot find at the Italian chain restaurants in East Street. It has its own identity, a unique blend of Sicilian and Horsham heritage. Our waitress was wearing an apron promoting Piazza Italia, an event Francesco has sponsored for many years, whilst the chef prepared food that is inspired by Italy, made in Horsham. There is a friendly atmosphere, and it really does feel like a place where you can sit down for an hour and read the newspaper over a coffee. In the summer (if we have one) the attractive outside area, lined with olive trees, will enhance this experience. Perhaps most importantly, the menu is improving, and we hope to see the Raciti family striving further still to offer new and interesting flavours from the south of Italy to the increasingly adventurous Horsham diner. We may have an abundance of Italian restaurants, but they are, arguably, the only people in Horsham capable of doing soâ&#x20AC;Ś

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The History of

Hammer Ponds Tranquil furnace and hammer ponds provide a haven for wildlife and a rural retreat from residents. But they were once bustling sites at the heart of the country’s iron industry, where owners and workers engaged in an occasionally violent fight for supremacy.

Knepp Estate in Shipley

This article includes extracts from the History of Horsham, courtesy of Horsham Museum, as well as Helen Pearce’s fascinating book ‘Hammer and Furnace Ponds - Relics of the Wealden Iron Industry’

It would be a very unwise to suggest ‘The Old Furnace Pond’ as a group meeting place… You may find yourself sat alone on the banks of a gentle pond in Slaugham, watching a heron glide across the water, whilst other members of the party are similarly clock-watching at an angling club in Slinfold, at a nature reserve in Warnham, or in an English country garden in Lower Beeding. Horsham is fortunate in that it boasts a number of beautiful, tranquil ponds, which are located across the High Weald. These days, they are often havens for waterfowl and other wildlife. But once upon a time these ponds were bustling sites of an extensive, environmentally destructive iron industry. The industry here died in the early to mid 18th Century and nature has reclaimed what man destroyed. This area’s high yield of iron deposits ensured this was a major iron-producing region long before the Romans arrived. But whilst pre-Roman people used iron (hence the name Iron Age) it was the Romans, with their need for iron nails and fittings, that truly

expanded the industry. Locally, this occurred particularly in the Broadfield area of Crawley with the products being shipped out of Sussex on a maritime fleet known as the Classis Britannica, which seems to have managed the Roman Wealden Iron industry. It has been suggested that the fleet dealt with transportation and support services whilst the iron works were managed by civilians. Research into the ponds and lakes has often had to be based on documentation rather than the existence of any physical remains, because the iron works were continually updated. This is why the discovery of the small furnace at Roffey is so important. In the 1930’s iron slag had been found in the area, but it wasn’t until 1985 that the Horsham Museum Society archaeology group, working with the Wealden Iron Research Group, excavated the site revealing a phased development. Documented evidence suggests that around Horsham, iron was being produced as bar and finished products.

‘Armed and apparelled in warlike manner with swords, daggers, staves and other weapons, they did forcibly beat Gratwick’s servants labouring about the iron works’ It is possible that there may have been some regionalisation of manufacture based on local ores. Southern weald ores have a higher sulphur content which is more suitable for making nails, whilst those in the Horsham area are more suitable for arrows.

Expanding Industry Around the 12th Century, the European iron industry saw major changes with the introduction of water powered hammers and bellows. This continental improvement did not occur in England until the 14th century. A manually blown hearth produced 30 lbs of bloom and a water powered hearth 200lbs, so it was a major step. With the shortage of labour (due to the plague) it is likely that water-powered bloomery forges were built for better efficiency. From 1490 – 1540, there were significant changes to technology and management of the bloomer, blast furnaces and the finery forges, as French ironmasters and craftsmen introduced new advancements. This created such a boom in the local iron industry, that by 1574 there were 52 furnaces and 58 forges working in the Weald. The basis of this expansion was the ability of the Weald to produce competitively priced bar iron in the medium to lower quality range along with small quantities of cast iron. It was during this period that the iron workings in St Leonard’s Forest developed. The most recognisable remain of the industry are the hammer ponds that can be found throughout St Leonard’s Forest. Unlike the north or midland valleys where water is plentiful, here they had to dam the stream to produce enough water, and hence power, to turn the wheel.

38 ‘Armed and apparelled in warlike manner with swords, daggers, staves and other weapons, they did forcibly wound and beat Gratwick’s servants’

There are a series of ponds at Furnace Fisheries near Slinfold, with this small pond being linked to the main Furnace Pond One of the later iron-working sites is Warnham mill. Built by the Caryll family around 1609, it worked on a yearly cycle. The iron ore was excavated from the bottom before the pond was allowed to fill up again with water supplying power for the forge, thus draining the pond ready for further excavation. The English Civil War saw the forge destroyed, a common occurrence across the Weald, which signalled the start of the decline. Much of the decline was blamed on Swedish bar iron, which was cheaper and better quality. There were changes in the market away from making armaments to making every day

products; pans, cauldrons, fire backs and hammerheads. At its peak, about 180 furnaces and associated forges operated over Sussex, Kent and Surrey. The decline was not dramatic, but by 1800 there was no Wealden iron industry left. It was the end of a fascinating chapter in Horsham’s history. A chapter full of colourful characters and controversy. Roger Gratwick the younger, did not get on with his neighbouring iron master Edward Caryll of Shipley, who owned Gosden Forge, and whose pond was later incorporated in to the gardens of Leonardslee. The dispute ended up in the courts with an attempt by Caryll to dispossess Gratwick.


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This ill feeling either spread to the workers for it is recorded: ‘Giles Moore and others, 20 or more, a company of most dissolute, disordered, quarrelsome and riotous persons, his (Caryll’s) servants and hangers on, have committed a great riot. ‘Armed and apparelled in warlike manner with swords, daggers, staves and other weapons, they did forcibly wound and beat (Gratwick’s) servants labouring about the iron works and have violently taken great quantities of ore and carried it to the works of Caryll.’ There are plenty of outlets for those wanting to know more about the iron industry in the High Weald. Along with a detailed exhibition, regarding

Hammer Ponds

Warnham Mill Pond is now a popular local nature reserve, whilst Roosthole Pond (right) near Mannings Heath is used for fishing Wealden forge and furnace operation, Anne of Clevesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s House Museum in Lewes has a superb collection including the famous Lenard fireback of 1636. Horsham Museum also has a display devoted to various Wealden iron articles including cannon balls and domestic utensils. You can also visit the some of the sites. Occasionally pen ponds survive where the original waters have not, but at least 40 lakes remain over the three counties. Most are in Mid Sussex, but we have several around Horsham. Most are likely to be familiar to anglers, since

many have been converted to private fishing lakes. Some others were converted to serve corn mills or drained and the land reclaimed for agricultural use, while a few were swallowed up by reservoirs such as Ardingly and Bewl. The nearest to Horsham town is the hammer pond for Birchenbridge Forge, which you pass as you near Mannings Heath whilst heading south on the A281. It was owned by John Caryll in 1598, and later became much enlarged. Nearby Roosthole Pond, which is now used by an angling club, was probably a pen pond for the forge, fed by Sheepwash Ghyll in the

ancient St Leonardâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Forest. This can be viewed from the footpath along Alders Copse, running from Goldings Bridge at Goldings Lane, off Hammerpond Road (less than half a mile from Horsham Rugby Club). You can also look through the fencing erected as part of a deer management programme from the side of Hammerpond Road. There are two more ponds further along the Hammerpond Road. Hawkins Pond is where the road narrows after you pass the entrance to Mannings Heath Golf Club on your right, and then Hammer Pond, which you can

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St Leonard’s Furnace, by the side of the A281

conceivably ‘find’ if you slice your ball horribly right on the par 3, 10th hole on the ‘Waterfall’ Course. Carterslodge Pond, a short distance north east on Cartersledge Lane, was a pen pond for Hammer Pond, which served St Leonard’s Upper Forge. Hawkins Pond was a pen pond for the original Lower Forge and Furnace Pond, which is now dry. These forges were built around 1561 and associated with both the Gratwick and then Caryll families, but both sites were ruined by 1664. Just a couple of miles away along Hampshire Hill you’ll find Slaugham Furnace Pond. This

Leonardslee Gardens

lovely site is easily accessible as there are parking bays on Coos Lane directly facing the water. A dry ditch among hummocks in trees, on the west bay, is thought to be the wheel pit. Ashfold Lake, just north of here, may have been a pen pond for this furnace. Gosden Furnace Pond at Crabtree, Lower Beeding, lies within Leonardslee Woods but the gardens are currently closed to the public. It is the lowest in a chain of ponds that served the furnace, believed to be built by Roger Gratwick in 1580. The six pen ponds upstream were later

converted into ornamental lakes within Leonardslee Gardens and one of these, New Pond, can be reached via a footpath from the end of Mill Lane, although the path is not easy walking. Moving further south of Horsham, many will be familiar with Knepp Mill Pond, near the ruined castle (feature in the August 2012 edition of AAH). This pond was dug out to power the Caryll family’s Knepp Furnace in the 16th Century. This fine sheet of water lies on a footpath running along Castle Lane, a private track forming a bay at the pond. A sluice gate

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Hammer Ponds

Slaugham Furnace Pond

‘You can conceivably ‘find’ Hammer Pond if you slice your ball horribly right on the par 3, 10th hole on the ‘Waterfall’ Course’ controls the spillway, which falls beneath the road to a stream back to the Adur. However, the original furnace and bay are thought to have been to the east by Floodgate Farm. At Slinfold, Dedisham Furnace was working by 1614 but there are no more references to the ironworks after 1650. The pond has been restored and converted into two private fishing lakes at the scenic Furnace Lakes Fishery. The remaining ponds cannot hint at the widespread heavy industry that dominated the scene a few centuries ago. The clamour of the hammers, the smoke from the furnaces, the countless miners, finers, and hammermen, with roads blocked by oxen hauling iron and charcoal, would have presented a far busier and noisier landscape than today’s peaceful waters. Silt has reduced some ponds in size while others have been altered for ornamental purposes. All have been reclaimed by flora and fauna, and many are now within Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Often assumed to be natural beauty spots these delightful artificial lakes remind us of the post-industrial nature of so much of our countryside. ‘Hammer and Furnace Ponds, Relics of the Wealden Iron Industry’ by Helen Pearce, has been published by Pomegranate Press, 2012 (ISBN 978-1907242151). For more details visit or the Wealden Iron Research Group website at

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Full steam ahead for

New model army Horsham Model Railway Club is building on its success with two new railway layouts For some people, un-wrapping a Hornby train set as a child will trigger a lifelong passion. There is more than a hint of such nostalgia in the trains and locomotives owned by members of Horsham Model Railway Club, and in the scenery they create for their layouts. The group was only formed in 2008 when two friends decided to form a model railway club in Horsham. They advertised an inaugural meeting, only expecting a couple of people to express an interest, and were surprised to find about 20 railway modellers attend. Now, members are a mix of all ages, teenage to retired, male and female, all with an interest in trains and/or modelling. Some build locomotives whilst others run ready made trains built by major manufacturers. The cost of membership is cheap at ÂŁ24 per

quarter, but the trains and layout can be expensive, with locomotives costing in the region of ÂŁ100. Many of the members make their own scenery though, with buildings, platforms, depots and vehicles. Most members have trains in OO (1:76) and N (1:148) scales but some have interests in HO, On30 and G in British, European and American guises incorporating trains, trams and buses. The club is also an Area Group within the national network of the N Gauge Society. A large layout called Carfax Junction, that runs both OO and N Gauge, has been constructed and members are now designing and building separate exhibition standard layouts in those two gauges with platforms, sidings and a goods depot. The club meets at the recently refurbished St Leonard's Church Hall, Cambridge Road,

Horsham, on Wednesdays from 7pm and guests are always welcome. They will be holding an Open Day on Saturday, 27th April at 10am-4pm at the hall. For more details on this event and the club visit the website at


Gail Tomsett “I was never interested in dolls. When I was much younger I played with the boys and not the girls and was into cars and soldiers rather than dolls. My passion for trains was rekindled when I saw an advert in a model magazine about a new club starting up in Horsham and I decided to join. I have many of my own trains at home and my intention is to put up a layout of my own in my spare room, but at

the moment I don’t have one, so I can only run trains here. A lot of members do not have their own layouts at home, but we’re a very open club and anyone can come here to run their trains. Some members are also interested in buses or trams, as you’ll find that gradually your interests change. I particularly enjoy making scenery for the tracks. Most of it starts with a polystyrene base and you just

build it up in layers. I sometimes use horsehair stuffing from a sofa for bushes, and then add clumps coloured with ‘scatter’. The houses are built from plastic kits, but you can change things around, and I have one on display that is of a war-time house with bomb damage. You buy flat packs and put the windows in, paint them and add your own decoration and foliage. Most of the kits are

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Group Discussion

Tim Shervington “I’ve been a train enthusiast since I was a child. I started off with a Hornby Flying Scotsman train set and I loved it until it broke, but many years later I bought a set to replace it. It’s mainly steam trains that attract my attention. I volunteer at Amberley Working Museum so I have the chance to work on the trains there. I have my dream job but I don’t get paid for it! For me, steam trains seem more alive. I know some non-train enthusiasts might think I’m crazy, but the way steam trains move and the way you see everything working together makes them seem like they are like a living, breathing thing. I’ve been involved with Horsham Model Railway Club

‘The houses are built from plastic kits. I have one on display that is of a war-time house with bomb damage’ for OO Gauge but there are kits and scenery for the smaller N Gauge scale too. We don’t put scenery down everywhere; there’s a Fiddle Yard where people put their trains, so we leave that area clear. We are starting to build a new N Gauge layout which will be complete with scenery, and will be up to show standard, but that will take some time to complete. We are also putting together a new OO Gauge track, so there’s plenty to keep me busy.”

for about a year. I have a OO gauge track at home, but it has no scenery to make it look nice and professional, so this is a nice solution. I don’t mind that most of the people here are older than me. In


fact, quite a few members were around in the days when steam was dying out so have fond memories of seeing the real versions of the model trains that I have.”



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49 Alan Willson “I was one of the founder members of the club. Reg Hayden and I had belonged to model railway clubs before but we wanted to run a club on a different basis, and we also felt there was a need in Horsham for a model club. Rather than a select few people in the club making the decisions, all of the members sit down and discuss how the club is run and how it should move forward. We have a discussion each week, sometimes about layouts, sometimes about other things like events. The club was originally based at Horsham Youth Centre on Hurst Road, and we only had one very small cupboard to store our layouts and scenery, so for our first track we put the OO Gauge and N Gauge scales together. That has been very successful, but now we have honed our skills within the membership and feel we are ready for new layouts. We’re building Battledown Flyover and Worting Junction, which is west of Basingstoke on the Salisbury Line. Worting Junction enables trains going west of Basingstoke to change route, either down to Southampton or to Salisbury. We’ve been building a model following ordnance survey mapping. Because of the scale of the line, we’ve

reduced the length, but the Flyover, signal boxes, and bridges will be to scale, as the railway looked in the 1960s. This plan caters for all of the interests of the N Gauge members in the club. We have a few more OO Gauge members, but we are an Area Group of the N Gauge Society, which is a national club with thousands of members. The attraction of N Gauge is how much you can

get in the space. We couldn’t build this new layout in OO Gauge as it would be 36 feet rather than the 18 feet we are building too. Currently we are in the carpentry stage. We started back in June 2012, so we are nine months along and we have spent a lot of time discussing it to make sure we get it right. Hopefully we’ll be starting to lay track in a couple of months.”

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“My dad used to own a toy shop, selling Dinky, Airfix, Matchbox and things like that, so I grew up with model railways. Everything used to come in new and I would say ‘I’ll have that’. My mum gave most of it away many years ago, to someone who lived down the street. So I’ve always been into model railways and I’ve been collecting for years. It’s all in a cupboard as I don’t have a layout at the moment, so I bring bits to the club to put on the track. I like trains from the 1950’s and 1960’s. A lot of it is based on nostalgia, and sometimes I find myself seeking out some of the trains that I know I owned as a child. I have a collection of red and

cream-coloured British Rail vehicles from the 1950s. I knew I wanted to put a load of them on one of the trains, as though they were being delivered somewhere, so I’ve been collecting them as I come across them in toy fairs. You can pick them up for a couple of pounds. It brings a smile to my face when I find one I don’t already have.”

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Group Discussion

‘I find myself seeking out some of the trains that I know I owned as a child’

Ray Hambling “I joined the club as a result of an Open Day at Horsham Youth Centre in 2009. My interest is actually trams. I have two tram layouts and the trams are actually motorised old Corgi diecast models. You can cut part of the bottom of the chassis away and simply put a motor in it. As well as being a member here, I belong to a tram society and they have a modelling section and host an exhibition every year. I was heavily involved in bringing the club to St Leonards Hall as I belong to the church and am in charge of hall bookings. The church needs revenue as well, as it will take some time to pay for the refurbishment. At Horsham Youth Centre, we were restricted in terms of layouts because we had only one small cupboard. We only really had room for the one layout, and the scenery had to go back to people’s houses. This venue is more suited to our needs and we probably have twice the amount of space. We are holding another Open Day on Saturday, 27th April. We’ll have our main layout (Carfax Junction) on display, stalls from second-hand dealers and layouts from members. I will bring a layout with trams, buses and a locomotive running around, and there will be a Thomas the Tank Engine layout for the children. There will be ten layouts in all, and Ian Redman, who makes N Gauge working layouts from things such as coconut shells and briefcases, will be here too. The Open Day is supposed to be for people to come along and get involved in the club, so if people want to run their locomotives on our layouts, then they can do that.”

Andy Peppercorn “My grandson has a Thomas the Tank Engine track and that led on to me coming along to the model railway club and becoming involved. I was interested in trains when I was a boy but you grow up and do different things, but now I have layouts at my house and my grandchildren come around to play with the trains. I bring my grandson, who is five-years-old, along to the club evening and he loves it. He comes along for an hour and goes on to the track first with his Thomas trains and his mum picks him up at 8pm. He can do the connections now as good as anyone – he does it for me as I can’t get under the table! Thomas is great for introducing children to model railways. The only train I don’t have now is Henry, but tonight we brought Gordon along. I wind everyone up with my own trains, as most people have Southern trains but I’m from East Anglia so I have Great Western trains. I’m now Chairman of

the group, and I’d like to push the club on a bit and attract a few members. I think one day it would be nice to have our own place as we have to take the layouts down each club night and that takes a lot of time. Three of us come along at 6:30pm, and it takes about 45 minutes to set up with the scenery.”

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for Nerve Pain Relief Watch video case studies and read patient testimonials at Suggested Applications for Upper body • Shoulder and neck pain • Frozen shoulder • Facial Pain and TMJ • Bell’s Palsy • Tension headaches • Thoracic back pain • Repetitive Strain injury • Tennis/golfer’s elbow • Rheumatoid arthritis and other joint pain • Sporting injuries • Post operative pain • Phantom and Stump Pain (for amputees) • Complex Regional Pain syndrome • Other nerve related pain A local Horsham therapist is offering a pain relief treatment that has been called ‘a breakthrough for nerve pain relief’. The innovative Stimpod 460 gives relief for chronic neuropathic pain and studies suggest its use brings long lasting therapeutic benefits. The Pain Management Centre at Guy’s and St Thomas’ Hospitals in London did a clinical test on the product and noted a ‘dramatic reduction in pain’. In 19 of 35 cases, the hospital reported a 100% improvement with pain reduced to zero. All these patients were suffering from chronic neuropathic pain. The treatment is called External Neuromodulation and is well established in certain NHS pain clinics and recently became available to physiotherapists and other health professionals. Keith Atkinson of the Horsham Nerve Pain Practice, is pioneering the use of the Stimpod NMS 460 in the UK, and has already seen remarkable results. He indicated: “When one considers that about a third of all GP appointments are linked to neuropathic pain, then you can appreciate that that there are many people suffering in pain that can be relieved. Chronic neuropathic pain is described as nerve pain that has established itself for more than 3 months. The treatment looks to break the pain cycle and neutralise the pain. The relief is very fast and very effective. Where there is a physical abnormality, then the pain may return but in many cases we find that when the pain is eased, the individual is able to regain their normal posture and the problem eases away.” The Stimpod uses a variable pulse frequency

Suggested Applications for Lower body • Sciatica lower back and leg pain • Femoral back and leg pain • Hip pain • Knee pain • Achilles tendonitis • Rheumatoid arthritis and other joint pain • Ankle and feet pain including gout • Plantar fasciitis • Sporting injuries • Post operative pain • Phantom and Stump pain (For amputees) • Complex Regional Pain Syndrome • Other nerve related pain

Keith showing one of the treatment sites for the sciatic nerve with a current that can be manipulated to focus via a special probe onto the affected nerve or pain site. Two waves are harnessed by the device, a square wave and a high frequency radio frequency wave. The overall effect is to close the pain gateway and block the pain transmission. At the same time the body’s natural painkillers, enkephalin and endorphins are transmitted to the pain site. Keith Atkinson said: “This is a breakthrough product and is now licensed for chronic

Free Review Consultation! After its remarkable trial at Guy’s and St Thomas’Hospitals in London, the innovative Stimpod 460 is now available at Horsham Nerve Pain Practice.

Contact Keith Atkinson at Horsham Nerve Pain Practice, 46 Depot Road, Horsham, on 01403 256332 or 07768 537846. l

neuropathic pain relief. Very importantly it is considered safe and non-invasive. I’m very pleased to be able to offer this treatment for pain sufferers in Horsham. During our pilot studies, we found it to be beneficial in many different scenarios. I would really suggest to anyone interested that they look at the website where video case studies and other testimonials can be viewed. I am also prepared to offer a free review consultation to anyone considering its use for their particular pain condition.”

‘Whither’ helped raise Bainbridge’s profile. It is now on display at Horsham Museum and Art Gallery

You may have seen ‘Whither’, one of the more intriguing paintings in the collection at Horsham Museum. It was painted by Edward Bainbridge Copnall, known as Bainbridge. Forty years have passed since he passed away, but it may be a name you’ve heard of. Copnall Way, the road between Royal Sun Alliance and Waitrose, is named after one of the town’s most prolifically creative families. Perhaps you can recall the large sculpture of Christ on the cross that was removed from St John’s Church in Broadbridge Heath in 2009 because it was scaring young children? Well, that was Bainbridge too. He was a fascinating man, and he was kind enough to leave behind an autobiography, called Cycles. Thanks to the generosity of his daughter, Jill Neff, Horsham Museum has been able to use it to create an exhibition about the Horsham years of Bainbridge’s life. In Cycles, he talks about cheating at Horsham Grammar School, drunken brawls

in the Carfax, and of course his successful career as a painter and later a sculptor. During his time he was an artist of some notoriety, but today he is hardly known. In fact, according to the Public Art Foundation Catalogue, which lists all oil paintings in public ownership, Horsham Museum and Art Gallery is the only institution to have any of his oils. But having already held a very successful exhibition on the Copnall family in 2011 (his son John was a renowned abstract expressionist, his father Edward was a leading photographer and his uncle Frank Thomas a successful portrait painter), Horsham Museum and Art Gallery will hold its first ever solo exhibition on Bainbridge this May. A self portrait of Bainbridge Copnall (images courtesy of Jill Neff/Horsham Museum & Art Gallery

They have helped put together this fascinating insight into his life, half of which can be read in this edition, with the second half of the artist’s story appearing in May’s edition of AAH…


Edward Bainbridge Copnall was born in South Africa in 1903, as his father Edward White Copnall worked as a photographer’s assistant at Duffer’s Bros, the leading photographers of their day. Bainbridge’s mother died when he was young, and within three years he was back in England living in Liverpool with his grandparents, who kept house for Uncle Frank, a talented artist whose work appears in museum and art gallery collections. As Bainbridge wrote in his autobiography: “He was full of fun and the joy of life, and he talked painting, painting, and painting. Velasquez, Vandyke, Rembrandt, and the new Master, Sergeant; how often these names flashed across my uncomprehending ears. I suppose they must have made some mark because I started to draw Indians and Cowboys, to visit Uncle’s studio and to watch him a bit (even at the age of eight or nine) and he would let me help him clean his pallet or brushes.” Bainbridge’s father went to India to work as a manager of a photographic studio, which led to more frequent visits to his uncle’s studio. He wrote: “I used to watch open mouthed when his pictures seemed to

Bainbridge Copnall in 1934 (image courtesy of Jill Neff/Horsham Museum & Art Gallery

come almost to life.” Frank seems to have encouraged young Bainbridge, even writing to his father praising his scribbles. Bainbridge wrote: “What an eccentric my uncle was, but how good he was to me! He let me paint still life groups with his oil paints,

showing me how they should be painted, with big, bold, dashing brush strokes, thick and juicy and painted with a flowing technique. “I was patient and would sit for hours watching him at work. My uncle was always most particular that all his

Bainbridge Copnall

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Horsham Museum recently acquired this Bainbridge painting

materials were clean, and sometimes used as many as two hundred brushes of different size and thickness in a day’s painting.” Bainbridge was staying at a farm when his father returned from India with his new bride. He took on a photographic business in Tunbridge Wells and Bainbridge went to a day school where he made new friends. Then one morning Bainbridge received a letter… He was to go to Horsham, where his father and new wife had moved and invested in a partnership with another photographer, Belchamber, in North Street.

Bainbridge paints a very bad picture of what was then known as Horsham Grammar School, which he “hated, loathed and detested”. He said the school, now Collyer’s College, ‘must have been going through a very slack period, with poor discipline, and my fellow scholars, the sons of local trades people, seemed even to me to show very little decency.’ ‘The school was full of cheating. I of course was as bad as everyone else, and for my sins was always caught out.’ After receiving one thrashing he told the Headmaster that the whole school was riddled with falsehood and cheating, only to

then be ostracised by his fellow pupils. The only subject he was any good at was drawing… He joined both the Scouts and the YMCA, who offered ‘football, billiards and the companionship of the rather ignorant and tough young men who wandered round the Bandstand on the evening when the Borough Prize Silver Band blew itself inside out in the centre of the Carfax.’ The YMCA were heavily involved in fund raising for the war effort, paying for huts at the Roffey camp, as were the Borough band, led by William Albery. But as Bainbridge commented: ‘The war continued and even the band stopped playing.’ He also recalled how the film ‘The Battle of the Somme’ was shown at Horsham, with several people calling for the manager to stop the film because they had seen some of their relations killed. The war brought much business to his father’s studio and Bainbridge would often assist him. He learnt to print and to retouch negatives, and he suspected his father’s intention was for him to become a good photographer. Bainbridge was not happy with that, but was compensated by being sent to the Horsham School of Art in the evenings. At the age of 16, Bainbridge was caught up in what he called a ‘terrific fight’ in the Carfax, a result of drunken celebrations following the

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Bainbridge Copnall leads another major project (image courtesy of Jill Neff/ Horsham Museum & Art Gallery)

armistice. But most of the time he was preoccupied with drawing. He recalled; ‘I was now drawing in every spare moment and had a little studio in an attic on top of my father’s business where I spent many an hour drawing, endeavouring to paint with the inadequate brushes and paints that I managed to scrounge from here and there.’ He further described how one Saturday he gave up painting to go with the local scouts to beat for a shoot for C.J. Lucas. Later he would be invited by Charles Lucas to paint him and his family in Warnham Court. It was also around this time, just after his first Communion in St Mary’s where he sang in the choir, that Bainbridge met his wife-tobe, Muriel Dancy. On his second attempt, Bainbridge was admitted to the Academy Schools, which were free. Among the students already there was the Horsham-born artist Raoul Millais. The autobiography describes some of the techniques he learnt and he called Ernest Jackson the ‘great teacher of drawing’. At The Royal Academy Schools, Guy Philpot became a patron of Bainbridge, inviting him to his studio in Lansdowne House. On one occasion Bainbridge was introduced to Charles Ricketts and Charles Shannon where a discussion took place on the nature of training a student. He wrote: ‘The impression this dinner made on me was staggering. I felt that I had been in the presence of three great artists who really felt that my opinion was worthwhile; this had the effect of at once giving me more confidence.’

Bainbridge was renowned for his portraits (image courtesy of Jill Neff/Horsham Museum & Art Gallery)

During the second summer break, students were asked to help paint the murals for the World Fair at Wembley. The day before the opening Bainbridge and his cousin Tennant were asked to paint portions of the conductor’s stand in gold. Unfortunately, Bainbridge knocked over the gold paint, so the whole stand was painted. When Sir Edward Elgar conducted the opening ceremony in front of the King and Queen, his black morning coat had patches of gold on it!

Whilst life in London had been a great experience, Edward Copnall - who now had two children by his second wife - was growing tired of paying his son’s train fare to the city. He insisted that Bainbridge give up his studies and start up a practice as a portrait painter in Horsham. Bainbridge recalled: ‘I found a studio with a grand north light directly opposite my father’s photographer’s business and there I started painting portraits of all and sundry, asking anyone who would to ‘sit’ and in doing so obtaining a free model and charging them a nominal fee in order to cover the cost of canvas and paints.’ Bainbridge would charge 4gns for a portrait and in the first year painted as many as 52 portraits, based more or less on his Uncle Frank’s technique. Within a year of leaving the Art School. Bainbridge felt that apart from straight painting he should paint contemporary subjects, so developed ‘a type of painting which though perhaps rather sombre was expressive of some sort of visual emotion. I was very sentimental and was touched by the sadder aspects of life I occasionally saw about me.’ So he painted a large picture which he called ‘Whither’ and sent it to the Academy Summer Exhibition. He was 21-years-old

Bainbridge Copnall and to his amazement it was hung well in the third room. ‘At the Private View, I well remember Sir David Murray, the landscape painter, to whom my Uncle introduced me, saying: ‘Young man, if you wish to get more pictures into this exhibition in the future you must not have such a miserable black frame. It takes all the colour out of my work’ as he pointed to his own picture hanging just below it.’ The success of Whither garnered much publicity in Sussex. Encouraged by this, Bainbridge started to paint stronger subjects than ‘Whither.’ It also led to his father sending over sitters from his photographic studio to have portraits done. One day Bainbridge was asked to paint the Countess of Leitrim at her house in Sedgwick Park, which led to him painting Sir Neville Henderson, a young girl called Patience Hoare and the daughter of Col. and Mrs Calvert.

In 1916 Henry Padwick Jnr died at the age of 87. The Padwicks were wealthy landowners who at one time lived at The Manor House in Horsham. Henry’s youngest son, Philip, became a very successful and noted artist. Today his art is out of fashion but in the 1920s it was greatly admired. He became, in effect, Bainbridge’s patron, being very wealthy and would visit Copnall in my studio every time he visited his brother in Horsham. Bainbridge decided to hold a one man exhibition in Horsham which was a great success. At that time it was a new experience to have the paintings of only one man on exhibition in Horsham, but the gallery was usually full. Philip Padwick bought ‘Whither’ for Horsham Town Hall, Lord Winterton bought a drawing and Bainbridge sold several other pictures. He also obtained several portrait commissions which sent him to different parts of England. Bainbridge was about to make his mark... The Concluding part of this feature will appear in May’s edition of AAH Magazine. Many thanks to Jeremy Knight and all at Horsham Museum and Art Gallery for their assistance with this article, which features extracts from the History of Horsham Volumes

The ‘Coal Christ’ was taken down from St John’s Church as it reportedly ‘scared children’.


From Oliver! to

Action Man Having already directed his own production, Nathanael Landskroner has landed a major acting role with the National Youth Musical Theatre

You’re more likely to find Nathanael Landskroner quoting Jim Carrey than a dramatic Shakespearean sonnet. But Nathanael’s lively, comedic style has helped the Sedgwick teenager land a major role with the National Youth Musical Theatre this year. As part of the NYMT Company for 2013, he will undertake extensive training before a stint as Action in West Side Story at the Victoria Warehouse in Manchester this summer. Nathanael, 14, said: “The NYMT are putting on three productions this year, which are Whistle Down the Wind, an entirely new production called The Other School, and West Side Story. “I’ve been cast in West Side Story, which is my first part with the NYMT. I went for an audition last year, and although I did get a call-back, I didn’t make the final selection. “But I was invited back for the gala at the end of their 2012 season in the Apollo Theatre in London. “After this year’s audition, I was called back for two roles; the lead in ‘The Other School’ and for Action, and that is the role I was given. “I can remember sitting here waiting for news, and I have to admit that initially I wondered if I really wanted to do the show. I was so determined to get into The Other School as that was in the West End, but I quickly realised that West Side Story was a huge show and perhaps the flagship production for the NYMT in 2013. “The Victoria is a massive theatre and there’s even a 30 piece orchestra with us, so it’s very exciting. “West Side Story is like a modern day Romeo and Juliet, with the main characters from rival gangs falling in love. Action is one of

the Jets, and he is the jokey one, but is always ready for a fight. “The performance is in August, but there is three weeks of training for it beforehand. I’m very excited. It’ll be different for me as it’ll be more intense and stricter in terms of how tight and polished you need to be.” Nathanael began performing when he was only five, joining local stage school Act Too, where he is currently the Head Boy. In that time, he has played many roles with Act Too including Rum Tum Tugger in Cats, Lumiere in Beauty & The Beast and Thenardier in Les Miserables. Aged nine, he also took on the title role in Oliver! at The Hawth for Crawley Operatics Society. Recently, he directed The Prop Box, a show he put together with the help of other young performers at Act Too, and he has also made it through to the next round of the national Teenstar competition, where contestants can win recording experiences and singing lessons.

He hopes that one day he can follow in the footsteps of former NYMT company members such as Jude Law and Eddie Redmayne, one of the stars of Les Miserables. He has discussed the idea of writing a show with his mum, Jill Landskroner, who created The Dream Maker, a musical which enjoyed a successful one week run at the Capitol several years ago. Nathanael said: “I feel complete when I perform and couldn’t imagine not doing it. It’s my passion, and it keeps me busy. I always seem to be preparing for a show. I’ll be auditioning for the school play soon, and then there’s West Side Story, a Christmas gala for the NYMT in Covent Garden and of course the Teenstar competition. “I’m hoping that one day someone will be watching me and like what they see and give me my break. Recently, a girl was spotted in a school play and landed the role of Cosette in Les Miserables, so it can happen. “I’d love to make it on to a West End stage, and I’ve been to a few shows in London. For my 14th birthday my grandma bought me tickets to see Matilda and it’s great to see how things are being done by the professionals.” Nathanael has to do some local fundraising to pay for his heavily-subsidised cast fee at NYMT, and he will soon be speaking to Horsham's Rotary Club to promote the importance of performing arts for young people. He is also appealing for people to ‘like’ his Facebook page as it helps him with voting for the Teenstar competition.

If you would like to sponsor Nathanael please contact or visit his page at


Artists join forces to

Create a Vision Concerned by the number of empty shop units in Billingshurst, a group of creative people came together to launch an unusual enterprise...

Art: Billingshurst Creatives

Ken Johnson Billingshurst Community Partnership I head a project aimed at lowering the number of empty shops and increasing footfall in the High Street in Billingshurst. It’s not 100% successful but when we started out there were 12 empty units and we now have five, so that’s some measure of its success. Through consulting with the public, we could see that there were a number of creative people in the area who wanted to get into business but didn’t necessarily know how to go about it. We thought, well, we’ve got the funding, so let’s go for it. It took a couple of years to get off the ground, but Billingshurst Creatives opened on 15th September 2012. Sue Collins Billingshurst Creatives is a totally new venture so it is not established like some of the other places I exhibit at. It’s a co-operative and we are finding our way forward together. This idea is similar to the Shoreham Gallery, so the concept is working elsewhere. It’s just a matter of people living in the area being used to you being around. I primarily display my linocut work here. Each piece is produced in limited editions of 20 but each one is an original piece of artwork as they’ve been hand-pulled. I also put my images on cushions, bags and candles. Kryselle Lees ICONiC photography I left the military last July after 13 years as a photographer. I wanted to get away from it for a while as in the military taking photos became more of a job than a hobby for me. I took photos of everything from charity events to crime scenes. I’ve hung out the back of Chinook helicopters, worked in reconnaissance areas and been involved in mapping and surveillance. It sounds exciting but it did become like any other job. I fell out of love with photography, but since I left I’ve got back into it in a big way and I started up my own photography business, called Iconic, and when I saw the shop I thought I’d come on board. I’m selling the photos I took for pleasure whilst working, as the military images are Crown Copyright. I think my photography is more colourful than what you tend to see in galleries and coffee shops.

Sophie Innes sells striking textiles and says that the shop is starting to pick up as word spreads about the gifts on offer.

Louise Scholefield The Silver Torch I live on the outskirts of the village, and I’ve been making jewellery as a hobby for ten years, but I only decided to get serious a couple of years ago. I studied jewellery design and then started selling last July. My products are hand-made and a little different to what you would find on the high street. I love chunky jewellery and unusual textures too. A lot of the bangles start off as wire but I beat them with a hammer to create different shapes.


Debbie Hussey runs the local franchise of Calli’s Corner, making ceramic imprints and 3D castings; Kryselle Lees spent 13 years in the military as Sophie Innes I’ve lived in Billingshurst since 2004, and I joined the shop a month after it opened and it’s been very good for me. I have a daughter who started school in September so I’ve stepped up a gear or two to get the work going again. Ken We anticipated that it would take time for word to spread, and we were right. It was a rocky start, I have to say, but it has taken off

slowly. We’ve now got 37 people displaying with room for more, and gradually it is picking up. We are receiving more enquiries from artists. Some do not sell so well, so inevitably we lose a few but gain some more. Debbie Hussey I’ve been running the local franchise of Calli’s Corner for three years, and I’ve been at Billingshurst Creatives since it was formed. I create imprints in my home studio

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in Partridge Green. Much of the work we do is with babies, making ceramic handprints and footprints and 2D and 3D castings. But we also make things such as paw and hoof prints, create miniature silver jewellery out of castings and even duplicate teeth in silver. After my third child was born I couldn’t go back to the job I was doing and this fits well around the children. Louise All of the artists here work a certain number

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a photographer; Evita Goddard uses the shop to promote the unique ceramic gifts she creates at her West Chiltington studio of days as part of their rent, and the amount of days depends on how much shelf space you take. I do some extra voluntary stuff to help run the place and as my background is in marketing I try to help out on that front too. Kryselle I have only recently moved to Billingshurst. My partner, who is also ex-military, works in Iraq for ten weeks at a time. He wanted to be near his family, so I moved here with him. With him away for long periods, I’ve become

the general manager of the shop and I sort out the traders and the working rota, which suits me fine. Ken As well as working, everyone who displays has to pay rental and that covers the cost. A full row of shelving costs £415 for a year, but if you only want half of the display it is £225. Some artists require just one shelf so there is a lower fee for that. The people who display here take 100% of the sales.

Iveta Goddard I studied at the College of Art in the Czech Republic, before coming to the UK. I started working with ceramics in 1997. I make jewellery, plates, bowls, teapots, mugs and cups, even wall clocks, and it’s all made by hand in my garden studio in West Chiltington. I have children so it is not full time work for me. I make things when I can. But this shop works well. There are not many opportunities

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Louise Scholefield runs The Silver Torch, a collection of her own jewellery. Artists can choose how much shelf or wall space they wish to take on, and agree to work a certain number of days a year; Sue Collins (below) exhibits at another co-operative in Shoreham.

for artists in this area. There are hardly any galleries. It feels like a family here, and there is freedom for the artists, which is great. It’s lovely to meet other creative people too. Sophie I graduated in London and set up a print studio straight away and ran that for about 15 years. Things changed, so I re-trained and ended up in full time teaching. The textiles came to a halt, and then I got married, had a baby, and haven’t really got the space for textiles anymore. So these days I’m involved in print making but I also sell the textiles I used to make. Initially, as we are off the high street, it was quiet here, but the footfall is increeping up as word spreads. Kryssie It’s definitely picked up, but you have to give it time to bed in. After six months, sales at

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the shop have exceeded initial expectations and we are still getting new enquiries from people wanting to take space in the shop. I have two or three emails a week from people and five application forms have gone out in the last two weeks. Sophie We use Facebook to spread the word and it is getting better. There are so many people out there in Billingshurst and the Horsham area beavering away at home doing little bits and there are hardly any outlets for them. Debbie What I sell here is a tiny snapshot of what I do. Customers can see items here and then go on to the website to see the full range. It’s worked well for me, and because I’m only based 15 minutes away people do not have to travel far to my studio.


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Louise It’s nice to have an outlet for my new designs and have somewhere to try out new ideas to see if they appeal to (consumers). The bangles have been a good seller for me here, so that has meant I have branched out into matching earrings and necklaces. Ken This shop now provides the community with gift shop, the like of which we didn’t previously have. It gives aspiring people the chance to launch their own small business, even if it’s just a hobby, and we hope it is encouraging people to come in and shop in Billingshurst. Billingshurst Creatives is now open, 10am - 4:30pm, Monday to Saturday, at 2 Jengers Mead. Visit

Most people are aware that jewellery carries a hallmark which specifies its origin and quality and gives some idea as to its value. But not many are aware of what the hallmark symbols really mean and how they can be simply deciphered to tell you a great deal about your jewellery. Hallmarking dates back to 1300. The original aim was to protect the public against fraud and the trader against unfair competition – reasons as valid today as they were centuries ago. Trading Standards ensure that jewellers abide by the Hallmarking Act of 1973. Some aspects have changed. When jewellery and silverware are manufactured, precious metals such as Gold, Silver, Platinum and Palladium are often mixed with copper or other metals. Even an expert can struggle to determine the quality or standard of precious metal items by eye or touch, which is why we rely on hallmarking. Hallmarking of precious metals is still a legal requirement in the UK and in 2006 Birmingham Assay Office was the largest Assay Office in the World, handling 12 million articles. Now, let’s have a look at the different marks. Until 1998, a Hallmark consisted of four compulsory marks, but since 1998 the date letter has become optional. The first is the ‘Sponsors Mark’, or Makers Mark. This shows the person or company responsible for sending the article to the Assay Office. It’s usually a manufacturer or retailer’s code, normally made up of two letters. The next mark shows the type of metal and the purity of the precious metal, in parts per thousand. The background shape tells you

the metal, with gold being a rectangle with angled corners, silver being oval shaped and platinum being house shaped. Palladium has grown rapidly in terms of popularity as it looks like platinum but is much cheaper. It was given its own hallmark shape (three ovals forming a cloud shape) just a few years ago. The number inside the shapes show purity. So 750 means 750 parts of gold by weight to 250 parts of other metals - 75% gold. This is equal to 18 carats (18 parts in every 24). The next mark shows the Assay Office, of which there are four. London is represented by

a Leopard’s head, Birmingham an anchor, Edinburgh a castle and Sheffield a rose. Sometimes there are commemorative or optional hallmarks, perhaps the most common of which is the crown, the symbol for gold, or a lion which marked sterling silver from 1773 to 1974. Date letters are also used on many articles, with each year represented by a letter in a variety of fonts. Of course, if you’re not sure, or can’t find a microscope in the house, do pop along to see us in the Carfax. We’re always happy to inspect an article and give free advice and valuations.


The ‘things you probably didn’t know about Horsham that are really quite interesting’ page...

Horsham’s first cafe was located where Artisan Patisserie and Octopvs Bar stand today

Cafe Culture has been a part of the Horsham experience

for three centuries If you’re strolling around Horsham town centre and have the sudden urge for a hot drink, finding a coffee shop shouldn’t be much of a dilemma. But who initiated this trend for cafes in Horsham? No, it wasn’t The Coffee House in London Road in the 1970s. Thanks to a rare survival, a probate list made in 1701 by Henry Waller, the Innkeeper of The Star, we have the real answer! The probate, or valuation of his goods, records the following: ‘In the Cooffe Rume’ which had ‘one dosen of Leather Chears, 4 Table, 3 Arme Chears, one Stolle, 3 Tubes, one Tonges one peare of brand Irons’. This strongly suggests that ‘café society’ had reached Horsham. The Kitchen had ‘coofee potts mille and rostar’, to roast, grind and serve the sludge-like coffee, which was dark, unfiltered and sweet.’ The inventory states there was a lot of linen

with ‘36 peare of sheats, 4 dusen of fine napkins, two dosen of corse napkins, 8 diaper Table Cloathes, 6 flaxen Table Cloathes, 7 Corse Table Cloathes, and one dusen and 5 towells’ stored ‘in the Buttry ovar The Sellar Steares’. This all suggests that the cafe was a wellstocked inn with demanding cliental. The Inn had a courtyard and grazing land too. Although it is only one cafe, others may have existed but the records simply did not survive. However the fact there was one is very revealing. Coffee houses were a relatively new concept in drinking. Introduced into London in 1652 at the height of the puritanical Commonwealth, the hot bitter black drink from Turkey proved a hit, spreading quickly through urban merchant areas. The coffee shop in Horsham would have mimicked the coffee shops in London and

other towns and cities where merchants and men circulated. The drinking of coffee, the coffee house and the creation of a male space were creating a unique brand and culture. The experience was such that it led to satires being written about the culture, satires which help explore how the space functioned and how people responded to it, both men and women. To what extent people in Horsham followed this behaviour and culture cannot be known for certain. But Horsham was not isolated from London and Henry Waller did have a share in a merchant ship, the classic stockholder. Such a stereotypical picture suggests that he was imbibed by that culture. Where exactly was that first coffee shop? In Market Square, right about the spot where Artisan Pâtisserie and the Octopvs bar stands today. Yes, Octupvs, with a ‘v’ apparently.

AAH (All About Horsham) April 2013  

All About Horsham Magazine April 2013 Edition

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