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AAPI NEWS BULLETIN Accelerating Agriculture Productivity Improvement (AAPI) Volume

A project supported by USAID in collaboration with DAE Notes from Chief of Party, AAPI

Inside this issue:

Summer Tomato Farmers Appreciate FDP Technology

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Appropriate Management 3 for Harvesting the Maximum Benefit of FDP Technology AAPI Events in November 4 2014

AAPI News Bulletin is a monthly publication of the AAPI project. Subscriptions are free. International Fertilizer Development Center (IFDC) is a Public International Organization (PIO) based in Alabama, USA. IFDC focuses on increasing and sustaining agricultural productivity in developing countries. Managing Editor: Ishrat Jahan Resident Representative IFDC Bangladesh Eurasia Division and PC & COP, AAPI Design and Layout: Syed Afzal Hossain Data Management Unit, AAPI

To promote the urea deep placement (UDP) technology worldwide, IFDC/ Virtual Fertilizer Research Center (VFRC) have become a signatory of the United Nations (UN) Global Alliance for Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA). As the chief of party (COP) of the AAPI project, which is successfully promoting the UDP technology in Bangladesh, it was a great pleasure and honor for me to represent IFDC/VFRC in the UN Climate Summit 2014. On September 23-24, I attended the UN Session on multi-lateral and multi-stakeholder announcements on agriculture and the inaugural meeting of the Global Alliance for CSA. The session on agriculture was chaired by the president of Niger and co-chaired by the prime minister of the Netherlands. Both sessions were attended by heads of state and ministers of agriculture of different countries, including the United States, the Netherlands, Vietnam, Nigeria, Indonesia and many others. In addition, the director general of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the senior director of agriculture with the World Bank, and the CEO of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) were there. Most of the speakers focused on the triple win of CSA technologies – development, adaptation and mitigation of greenhouse gas (GHG). The main actions announced through

October 31, 2014

joint statements for agriculture focused on achieving three outcomes: (1) sustainable and equitable increases in agricultural productivity and incomes, (2) greater resilience of food systems and farming livelihoods, and (3) reduction and/or removal of GHG associated with agriculture, including the relationship between agriculture and ecosystems. I hope many countries will come forward to adopt UDP as one of the most effective CSA technologies that fulfills all the triplewin outcomes announced in the UN Climate Summit 2014. AAPI A man activities are complete until the harvest begins in November 2014, and all AAPI staff have been active in motivational activities for Boro 2014-15 season. Motivational meetings with the early technology adopters, motivational field trips, stakeholder workshops and open-sky shows were all in operation this month. The farmers have started planting vegetable crops, and we are looking for substantial increases in the adoption of UDP in the vegetable crops. We have two articles in this bulletin by AAPI specialists. Dr. AKM Farhad, training specialist, has looked at the yield improvements on summer tomato crop using UDP technology. Another article written by Dr. Abdul Mazid, AAPI soil scientist, focuses on guiding the users of fertilizer deep

The views expressed in this bulletin do not necessarily reflect views of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) or the United States Government


AAPI NEWS BULLETIN AAPI News Bulletin Contact Persons: Ishrat Jahan Address: Dhaka Office: Road No. 62, House No. 4B, Apt-B2 Gulshan - 2, Dhaka -1212 Bangladesh Tel: 880-2-9894288 880-2-8817391 Fax: 880-2-8826109 Website: www.aapi-ifdc.org www.ifdc.org Barisal Office: “Zohora” 834 (New) Police Line Road, Barisal Tel: 0431-2176566 Jessore Office: Jagorani Chakra Foundation (JCF) Building 46 Mujib Sarak Jessore 7400 Tel: 0421-60986 AAPI Management: Ishrat Jahan, Project Coordinator and Chief of Party; Yam Kanta Gaihre, Deputy Chief of Party; Md. Mofizul Islam, Sr. Agriculture Specialist; Dr. Shaharuk Ahmed, Md. Iqbal Hoque, Agriculture Specialists; Dr. Badirul Islam, Farming System Specialist; Dr. AKM Farhad Training Specialists; Dr. Md. Abdul Mazid Mia, Mainul Ahsan, Soil Scientists; Md. Abdus Satter, Local Environment Specialist; Ram Proshad Ghosh, Mechanical Engineer; Dr. Abdul Wohab, Agriculture Engineer; M. Hemayetul Islam, Sr. Chemical Engineer; Sonia Kutubuddin, Activity Coordinator; Rubina Islam, Gender Specialist; Syed Afzal Mahmood Hossain, Senior Data Management Specialist; AFM Saleh Chowdhury, Chief Accountant; Bishnu Rup Chowdhury, Administrative and Procurement Officer

Volume placement (FDP) technology on how they should appropriately manage to get the best benefits from the FDP technology. *** Summer Tomato Farmers Appreciate FDP Technology In Bangladesh, vegetables are largely available during the winter season, with 70 percent of the total vegetables grown in the country. Only 30 percent of the total vegetables are grown during summer season. The short supply of vegetables during the summer makes the prices of the same shoot up. It is critically important that the country’s vegetable production is increased, especially during the lean supply period of summer/rainy season, to ensure the people’s food and nutrition security. Tomato is one of the most popular and nutritious vegetable crops throughout the world as well as in Bangladesh. Tomato is widely grown in Bangladesh in winter, but growing tomato in the summer is recently becoming popular. Some progressive farmers of Bagharpara in Jessore are already maximizing their farm profit by growing this high-value crop in the summer. The Bagharpara vegetable farmers found BARI-4 and ACI-Summer king tomato varieties suitable in the adverse climatic situation. In order to grow tomato in the summer, the seedlings are prepared in the months of February and March, and the seedlings are transplanted from April to July. The initial cost of cultivation appears higher in the summer compared with the winter because of the need to build a plastic covered roof/hood for the plants’ 2

protection from the summer rain. The AAPI project has been promoting FDP technology in vegetable cultivation in addition to rice. AAPI has also been promoting FDP technology in winter vegetables as well as in summer vegetables. In 2012 in Bagharpara upazila, 312 farmers grew summer tomato in a 23hectare (ha) area. In the following summer in 2013, the AAPI project established a demonstration plot in Bagharpara where the summer tomato was grown with FDP technology. This innovative technique appeared interesting to 12 tomato growers of Bagharpara. Together they cultivated 1.5 ha of summer tomato with FDP. At the same time in Bagherpara, this vegetable was grown in 36 ha of land by 444 farmers, who used fertilizers traditionally. The year after, AAPI again established another summer tomato demonstration in another location in Bagherpara. This demonstration also aroused curiosity and motivation. About four (4) ha of summer tomato area came under FDP technology because of the interest of another new 35 farmers. However, there were also another 540 tomato farmers in Bagherpara who continued with the traditional fertilizer application.

A close shot of a farmer’s summer tomato plot at Bagherpara, Jessore.

An attempt was made to assess the profitability of the summer tomato cultivation at farmers’ fields with


AAPI NEWS BULLETIN

Volume NPK Guti had balanced growth, and the production was much more compared with the Guti urea-applied plot.

FDP technology and comparing the same with summer tomato grown with traditional application of fertilizers. It was observed that the yield at FDP fields was 68 metric tons (mt)/ha and that the yield at conventional fertilizer use fields was 55.76 mt/ha. The farmers reported about 18 percent less production cost at FDP plots. However, the reason behind farmers’ main attraction for FDP technology in summer tomato is the size, shape and color of the tomato, which they found very attractive, in addition to the higher yield. The bigger and similar-sized, luxuriantly red tomato grown with FDP fetched a higher price in the wholesale market compared with the tomato grown with the traditional application of fertilizers, which had different sizes, shapes and yellowish-red color. The fields that were studied grew BARI-4 variety. At the wholesale level, price varied between Taka (Tk.) 50/kg and Tk. 20/kg this (2014) summer, depending on supply in the market. On average, an FDP-adopting summer tomato grower earned about Tk. 428,400 (U.S. $5,564) more from the additional produce alone.

Summer tomato is emerging as one of the most popular high-value cash crops among the progressive farmers in the southeastern part of Bangladesh. There is a good scope for FDP technology diffusion in summer tomato cultivation that is increasing progressively. These farmers will be more adherent to this technology compared with farmers who grow crops for subsistence. *** Appropriate Management for Harvesting the Maximum Benefit of FDP Technology FDP is a new fertilizer application technology that increases grain yield by about 15-20 percent while reducing fertilizer use by about one-third. This technology has resulted from IFDC-applied research to improve nitrogen-uptake efficiency. It is a simple, low-cost technology that suits the present agricultural practices of the small and medium farm households of Bangladesh. Despite the well-documented benefits of FDP, the AAPI project has a number of experiences with below-average performance of the technology in trials, demonstration plots and, most regrettably, in the farmers’ fields. Whenever there are yields lower than those expected in any FDP technologyapplied fields, the technology is held liable; whereas the problem actually might have been caused due to the type of soil, plant variety and, most importantly, the management practice. In reality, different agro-climatic conditions have different impacts on the yield. Therefore, it is of utmost importance that the farmers are aware about the agro-climatic condition suitable for FDP technology.

The general farmers’ summer tomato fields at Bagherpara, Jessore.

Mr. Jalal Uddin, a respondent of this study and a summer tomato grower at Bagharpara, applied Guti urea in a 20-decimal plot in 2013 and NPK Guti in a 30-decimal area in 2014. He found his tomato crop grown with NPK Guti this year comparatively better than the previous year. Mr. Ripon is another summer tomato grower and a respondent of this study. His tomato plants grown with Guti urea grew as tall as the height of the plastic protection roof, which he found a bit overwhelming. However, his tomatoes with

In order to harvest the maximum benefit from FDP technology the following management practices should be followed with care:  FDP technology should be used only in loamy to clayey puddled soils. It is not suitable for sandy soils because of high leaching rates. 3


AAPI NEWS BULLETIN

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 In soils with low nitrogen content, some amount of green/organic manure may be incorporated before transplanting. Alternatively, a small amount of urea needs to be handbroadcasted in addition to FDP application.

condition entails. Special care should be taken for closing the holes created during application.  The “traffic lane” is advised to be used for field management, such as weeding and pest control.

 Soil with high cation exchange capacity (CEC) helps decrease leaching losses of the fertilizer briquette, thereby prolonging availability of nutrition to the rice plants. Therefore, FDP impact will not be as expected if the soil has low or medium CEC.

*** AAPI Events in November 2014 In the month of November 2014, AAPI is concentrating its activities for A man and Boro paddy 2014. In this month, the following activities will be carried out.

 A short to medium-tall rice variety with long and compact panicle is most appropriate for the FDP technology.  Single FDP doses provide sufficient nutrition for the short to medium duration (120 days) rice varieties. However, supplementary nutrients are generally required for long duration varieties (>150 days). In such case, a top dressing of urea is advised at the panicle initiation stage.

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 High-yielding rice variety and transplantation in lines are most suitable for FDP technology. However, FDP technology may be used for randomly transplanted fields for a comparatively better yield than surfaceapplication field, but not as high as in linetransplanted fields.

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 The rice field should remain wet after transplanting, and 2-5 cm standing water is required in the field during Guti fertilizer application. Broken, melted, and inappropriate size and shape of Guti urea application should be avoided.

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17 batches of training of trainer (TOT) 64 batches of extension staff motivational meeting 1,000 motivational meetings with old farmers 12 batches of orientation program for demo farmers 20 batches of motivational trips for farmers 50 promotional show 3 batches of technical training on NPK 4 batches of local mechanic training in repair and maintenance of briquette machine 122 batches of meeting with fertilizer retailers/dealers 37 batches of retailers/dealers training

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 Urea or NPK Guti should be deep placed (by hand or applicator) at 7-10 cm soil depth.  It is best to apply Guti fertilizer within five to seven days after transplanting. However, in case of unfavorable climatic and local conditions (such as delay in irrigation, incessant rain and flooding), the Guti fertilizer application may be delayed as the field

3 batches of motivational field trips 3 batches of motivational meeting 15 vegetable field demonstration establish 15 crop cuts from farmer fields 1 stakeholder workshop Follow-up of trained farmers

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Aapi bulletin vol 44 oct2014(eng)  

AAPI Bulletin Vol 44 Oct2014(Eng)

Aapi bulletin vol 44 oct2014(eng)  

AAPI Bulletin Vol 44 Oct2014(Eng)

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