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Austin Memorable Places Lander Hughes


IllustrationsŠ 2012 by Aaloba LLC


Index Tenth Street at Congress Avenue, Austin, Texas

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Congress Avenue at Fourth Street, Austin, Texas

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South Congress Avenue at Nellie Street, Austin, Texas South Congress Avenue at Monroe Street, Austin, Texas

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South Congress Avenue at Milton Street, Austin, Texas

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Sixth Street looking West, Austin, Texas

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East Sixth Street, Austin, Texas

East Sixth Street at Trinity Street, Austin, Texas

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Walsh Street at West Sixth Street, Austin, Texas

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West Austin, Austin, Texas

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West Twelfth Street at Windsor Road, Austin, Texas Hyde Park, Austin, Texas

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Congress Avenue

The Texas Capital

Edwin Waller, the first mayor of Austin, designed Congress Avenue to be Austin's most prominent street. Early structures along Congress Avenue included government buildings, hotels, saloons, retail stores and restaurants. By the late 1840s "The Avenue" formed a well-established business district. The mid-1870s introduced gaslight illumination and mule-driven streetcars as well as construction of a new Travis County courthouse at Eleventh Street. The present Texas Capitol at the north end of Congress Avenue was built in 1888. The original dirt street was bricked in 1910. Trolley cars operated on the Avenue until 1940. Before Interstate 35 was completed in the 1960s, Congress Avenue was the primary road to reach Austin from the south. Certain landmarks such as the Austin Motel identify the road as a major thoroughfare for travellers through the mid-20th century.

Detail of the Lundberg Bakery

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Tenth Street at Congress Avenue, Austin, Texas

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Congress at 5th Street

The Ann W. Richards Congress Avenue Bridge over Lady Bird Lake houses the world's largest urban bat population. When the bridge was refurbished in the 1980s, the new design created crevices underneath the structure that happened to be ideal for bats to roost in. In the summer, the colony has up to 1.5 million Mexican Free-tailed Bats. The bats can be seen emerging by the thousands from under the bridge every evening throughout the summer, before they migrate to Mexico for the winter

The Paramount Theater

Congress at 5th Street

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Congress Ave. at Fourth Street, Austin, Texas

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South Congress Avenue

Hotel San Jose

Food Carts in SoCo

South Congress (or SoCo) is a neighborhood located on South Congress Avenue in Austin, Texas, United States. South Congress Avenue leads directly into downtown Austin, ending at the state capitol. SoCo is also a nationallyknown shopping and cultural district famous for its many eclectic small retailers, restaurants, music and art venues and, more recently, food trucks. South Congress begins at the Colorado River and Ann W. Richards Congress Avenue Bridge and runs due south towards Ben White Boulevard/TX-71. The area bordered by two historic South Austin neighborhoods: Travis Heights to the east and Bouldin Creek to the west. Edwin Waller designed Congress to be Austin's most prominent thoroughfare in the 1830s. However, Congress did not extend south of the Colorado River until 1852 when James Gibson Swisher donated land for a road that was both the postal route to Austin and the main highway to San Antonio.

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South Congress Ave. at Nellie St., Austin, Texas

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Growth along South Congress slowed during the 19th century; it was not until the completion of a concrete bridge in 1910 that South Austin had reliable transportation over the river. Rapid growth finally came to South Austin in the 1920s, as the streetcar was expended down South Congress. As hundreds of bungalows were built in South Austin, more commercial enterprises began appearing south of the river - especially on South Congress.[4] By 1931, South Congress was finally paved all the way from the river to the railroad at present-day Ben White Boulevard. South Congress at Elizabeth St.

Many of South Congress's icons opened their doors between 1930 and 1960. The Austin Motel opened in 1938 and the Hotel San JosĂŠ shortly thereafter. The hamburger stand that would eventually become the legendary Night Hawk opened on South Congress in 1932. Another major development was the Twin Oaks Shopping Center at the northeast corner of Oltorf Road and South Congress. It was one of Austin's first "strip" shopping venues when it opened in 1954. South Austin opened further during the 1950s, as the Congress Avenue Bridge was widened and the construction of Interstate 35 provided an alternative north-south route.

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South Congress Ave. at Monroe St.,Austin, Texas -8-


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South Congress at Monroe St.

During the 1970s, South Congress became a mecca for artists, musicians and their supporters. The legendary Armadillo World Headquarters opened at the corner of South Congress and Barton Springs Boulevard in 1970. Tourists traffic decline on South Congress with the rise of I-35 and many business fell into decline and disrepair. By the late 1980s, small eclectic retailers began popping up along the South Congress Corridor, attracted by cheap rent. The area's renaissance began at the intersection of South Congress and Monroe by putting their historic buildings to good use to attract eclectic retail business, arts and music venues and restaurants to the area. By the 1990s, Austin, a relatively small city for most of its history, suddenly enjoyed a tremendous economic boom that attracted new residents and drove an increased demand for older housing stock in the Travis Heights and Bouldin Creek neighborhoods. That in turn spurred massive renovation along South Congress and throughout old South Austin. -9-


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South Congress Avenue at-10Milton Street, Austin, Texas


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Sixth Street

East Sixth Street at Red River

Sixth Street is a historic street and entertainment district in Austin, Texas. It is located within the city's urban core in Downtown Austin. Sixth Street was formerly named Pecan Street under Austin's older naming convention, which had eastwest streets named after trees and northsouth streets named after Texas rivers.

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Sixth Street looking West, Austin, Texas -12-


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Austin Memorable Places