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INTRODUCTION •

Good morning everyone. My name is María and I am a Business student in Level 2 at ADMC.

I’d like to introduce my colleagues Sandra, Elena, Lucia and Alejandra.

Our group is going to describe the Halloween Project! Today Sandra is going to talk about “The history of Halloween”, Elena is going to talk about “Traditions at Halloween”, them Lucia is going to talk about “Superstitions at Halloween” and finally Alejandra is going to talk about “Facts about Halloween”. If you have any questions, please feel free to ask them at the end of the presentation.

ENDING If there are no more questions we say goodbye and Thank you.


The History of Halloween From the Medieval Period through to the 19th century, there is no evidence that 31 October was anything else other than the eve of All Saints Day. From the 19th Century to the present day, 31st October has increasingly acquired a reputation as a night on which ghost, witches, fairies, are especially active. The Celts believed that evil spirits came with the long hours of winter darkness. They built bonfires to frighten the spirits away. In England the day of fires became 5th November. Halloween and Bonfire Night have a common origin they both originated from pagan times. In parts of the north of England Halloween was known as Nutcrack Night. Nuts were put on the fire and, according to their behaviour in the flames, forecast faithfulness in sweethearts and the success or failure of marriages. Halloween was also sometimes called Snap Apple Night, in England. A game called snap apple was played where apples were suspended on a long piece of string. Contestants had to try an bite the apple without using their hands.


PUMPKIN LANTERNS According to an Irish legend, jack-o-lanterns were named for a man named Jack, who could not enter heaven because he was a miser. He could not enter hell either, because he had played jokes on the devil. So instead, he had to walk the earth with his lantern until Judgment Day. FIRE Fire was very important to the Celts. In the old days people lit bonfires, to scare away evil spirits. They believed that light had power over darkness. Today, we light candles in pumpkin lanterns and then put them outside our homes to frighten away witches and ghosts APPLE BOBBING During this time, the Romans remembered their goddess, Pomona. She was the goddess of the trees and fruits, and when the Romans came to Britain, they began to hold these two festivals on the same day as Samhain. DRESSING UP The tradition of dressing in costume for Halloween has both European and Celtic roots. To avoid being recognized by these ghosts, people would wear masks when they left their homes after dark so that the ghosts would mistake them for fellow spirits. TRICK OR TREAT England still recognise Halloween as Mischief Night - when children would knock on doors demanding a treat (Trick or Treat) and people would disguise themselves in order to obtain food and money.


Superstitions of Hallowe'en

• People to keep them safe, they put bread with repellent salt. • Apples, nuts and candles figured prominently in many of the superstitions.

Hazel nuts:

• The girls put hazelnuts on the grid each symbolizing one of her suitors. She could then find out who her future. Husband would be by chanting, 'If you love me, pop and fly; if you hate. • People thought the devil was a nut-gatherer.

Apples: • Peel an apple without breaking the peel over the shoulder throw and shape of the shell that mimics an initial letter of your beloved.


Candles:

• You take a candle to light up and look in a mirror whilst you combing your hair or eating an apple. Your future husband is peering over your shoulder.


Fascinating Facts about Halloween.

• Halloween celebrated on 31 October. • It’s one of oldest celebrations in the World. • Halloween is also know by others names: • He Feast of de Dead, the day of the Dead and some more. • In Welsh is “Nos Calan Geaft”. • When Cristianity came to England and the rest of Europe, 1 November became All Saints Day. • Orange and black are the Halloween colours because orange is associated with harvests. • About 99 % of pumpkins sold are used as Jack o’lanterns at Halloween. Halloween is a fantastic day!


Hlloween project